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pm 5
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*sme,f

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pm 6
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ysHvDyg ..... iSufacs


ysH v D y g iS u f a cs
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pm 7
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cspf E S i f ; (&u
tvif
t vif; wef ; )
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*sme,f

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pm 8
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pm 9
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*sme,f

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pm 10
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arv2013
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pm 11
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*sme,f

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pm 12
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pm 13
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*sme,f

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pm 14
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arv2013
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pm 15
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*sme,f

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pm 16
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arv2013
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pm 17
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*sme,f

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pm 18
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pm 19
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*sme,f

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pm 20
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pm 21
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*sme,f

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pm 22
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ck d i f a tmif a usmf

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/

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pm 23
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*sme,f

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pm 24
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arv2013
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pm 25
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*sme,f

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pm 26
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epfrsm;tMum;wGif awmykef;b0jzifh vaygif;rsm;pGm MumcuwfNyD;aemuf
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arv2013
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pm 27
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*sme,f

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pm 28
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1963-ck E S p f jynf w G i f ; Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;


aqG;aEG;yGJwGif &cdkifjynf uGefjrLepf ygwD
a*gif ; aqmif &J e D a usmf Z H & T D u (jynf
axmif p k t wG i f ; rS ) &cd k i f j ynf o l Y o rr
w
EdkifiH&[da&;udk awmif;qdkc&m xdkpOfu
vuf 0 J p myD r sm;ud k avh v muwf o nf h
trsd K ;om;a&;0g'D &cd k i f w u
od
u
o dk v f
ausmif ; om;rsm;
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armifAodef; tygt0if &cdkif ausmif;
om;ig;a,mufcefY &cdkifjynf uGefjrLepf
ygwD o d k Y vm;a&muf y l ; aygif ; awmcd k c
uwf o nf /
NrDatmuftzGJYudk NrdKUxuf &Jazmf&Jzufrsm;eefY yl;aygif;zGJY pnf;NyD; ajratmuf
uvyfpnf;rsm;udk zGJYpnf;vIyf,Sm;uwfonf/ armifAodef;rSm eq&v\
twG i f ; a&; rS L ;tjzpf wm0ef , l aqmif & G u f o nf / xd k p Of u autef , l
vGwfajrmufe,fNrDtwGif; [dedefaom &cdkifjynfvGwfajrmufa&;ygwD(ALP)
eefY aqG;aEG;&ef armifAodef;eefY aemufwpfOD;&dkUu autef,l 0rfhcpcef;
ud k oG m ;a&muf c uwf o nf / wd k u f y G J r sm; jzpf y G m ;ed e f p Of u mvjzpf o jzif h
(ALP) A[dkaumfrwD pHkpHkvifvif rwufa&mufEdkifcbJ? (ALP) rS cdkifrdk;vif;
eef Y aemuf w pf O D ; ? eq&vzuf r S armif A od e f ; eef Y aemuf w pf O D ; &d k U u
aqG;aEG;cuwfNyD;? (ALP) wyfrsm; &cdkifjynfxJodkY &DaMumif;c&D;jzifh vm
a&muf u m eq&veef Y y l ; aygif ; Ed k i f a &;ud k wpf q if h c sif ; aqmif & G u f v m;
uwf&ef tMurf;zsif; oazmwlcuwfonf/ xdkYaemuf wGifrS cdkifrdk;vif;eefY
A[d k a umf r wD 0 if r sm; tpH k t vif aqG ; aEG ; uwf o nf h tcgusrS ? trsm;

*sme,f

oazmrSm vuf0Jqefonfh oazmxm;rsm;[donfh eq&veefY yl;aygif;


a&;ud k uef Y u G u f M uojzif h ? ( ALP)ud k eq&v\ uruxjzif h &cd k i f
jynf w G i f ; od k Y yd k Y a qmif y l ; aygif ; a&; tpD t pOf r S m ysuf v m;onf /
xdkYaemufydkif; (ALP) \ rdrd&dkUudk,fydkif tpDtpOfjzifh ukefvrf;rS
wyfajymif;&mwGif Armppfwyf\ acsrIef; okwfoifjcif;udk r&IrvScH&NyD;
cd k i f r d k ; vif ; ud k , f w d k i f usqH k ; vm;conf / aemuf f r sm;rMumrD 1974-ck E S p f
xJwGif eq&v\ NrDatmufuGif;qufwpfa,muf tzrf;cH&&mrS pwif
uGif;qufrsm; wpfOD; NyD;wpfOD; tzrf;cH&onf/ tzrf;cH A[dk aumfrwD
0if r sm;Mum; tcsif ; csif ; oabmwl n D c suf j zif h eq&vud k zsuf o d r f ; &ef
qHk;jzwfcuwfonf/ tusOf;cHb0rS vGwfajrmufNyD; aemufydkif; armifA
odef;onf ausmif;q&mb0jzifh tpdk;&0efxrf;b0udk cH,l,if; wdkuf&dkuf
Ed k i f i H a &;orm;tjzpf rvI y f , S m ;bJ &cd k i f p myD a &;? trsd K ;om;a&; tcef ;
u@rsm;wG i f b0wpf a vS s muf v H k ; xrf ; aqmif vk y f u d k i f v mconf /
1/]&d k [ if * sm} trnf j zif h ppf w aumif ; b*F g vD r sm;\ e,f N rD v k
tE&m,fab;qdk;udk atzdk;pmrsufESm ig;&mcefY[d pmrl t jzpf
&D;om;um rdrdemrnfrcHbJ xdkpOfu ruG,fvGefao;onfh
0g&if h E d k i f i H a &;orm;BuD ; bH k a bmuf o mausmf \ emrnf j zif h
&d k u f E S d y f N yD ; xd k p Of u Ed k i f i H t BuD ; tuJ r sm;xH em;ayguf a tmif
vk y f E d k i f c onf / tusd K ;&v'f t jzpf ( 1990)&D G ; aumuf y G J w G i f
ppf w aumif ; b*
b*FFgvD
g vDr sm;u ]&d k [ if * sm}trnf j zif h 0 if a &muf
t&DG;cHrnfh tE&m,ftm; umuG,fEdkifconf/
2/ ord k i f ; ygarmu
a'guf w moef ; xG e f ; u ]]ar,k a 'ou
ygarmu
rlpvifawG &dk[if*smjzpfrvm; qifjcifrdw,f.. vGefcJhwJh tESpf
800-avmuf u aygh } } qd k a om &D ; om;csuf u d k q&mBuD ;
a'guf w moef ; xG e f ; ud k , f w d k i f t rS m ;jyif q if c suf t m;jzif h ynm
oS s if y D o pG m trS m ;0ef c H v matmif pG r f ; aqmif c ol a vh j zpf o nf /
'DZifbmv (30) &ufedefYu touf (72)ESpf t&G,f q&mBuD;
armifAodef;tm; *syeftNcDpdkuf &cdkifrsdK;apmifhtzGJYu&u
d
&udw
rsdK;apmifhqkudk csD;jrifh&mwGif atmufygvkyfaqmifcsuf rsm;udkavh
axmuf j yxm;onf /
3/ vlYtcGifhta&;t&DNcHK &d[if*smtrnfcH ppfwaumif;EG,f0if
b*F g vD & d k U \ e,f o pf c sJ U xG i f a &; ord k i f ; vd r f u d k a0zef j cif ; ?

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pm 29
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*sme,f

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pm 30
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pmtk y f u d k &D ; om;jyKpk N yD ; (1990) aemuf y d k i f ; rS p Ed k i f i H w um


rsuf E S m pmwG i f o rd k i f ; vd r f r sm;jzif h 0if a &muf x d k ; azmuf ed e f & m
,lvmuwfonfh &dk[if*smtrnfcHrsm;\ o&kyfrSefudk zGifhvSpf
jyoEd k i f c jcif ; /
4/]]ud k v d k e D q d k ; rD G c H &cd k i f j ynf e ,f e ef Y ppf w aumif ; om;
b*FgvDrlqvif&dkU\ e,fopfcsJUxGifa&; xMuGrI}} pmwrf;BuD;udk
jyKpkNyD; BudKwifjzefYcsd xm;EdkifcaomaMumifh vuf[dy#dyujzpfyGm;
vmaomtcg&cd k i f a cgif ; aqmif r sm;onf cd k i f r maomord k i f ;
taxmuf t xm;rsm;ud k tqif o if h & [d c &H k r S s ru rd r d & d k U \
yuwdtNcDtedef rSefudkwlnDaom tjrifjzifh wpfoHwnf; xGuf
vmEd k i f c jcif ; /
5/ &cdkifpmyD azmfxkwfxdef;odrf;a&;udk wpdkufrwfrwf BudK;yrf;
vk y f a qmif v mcNyD ; tajymtNcD j yK &cd k i f p myD c&D ; vrf ; ud k ay:
ayguf p D c jcif ; / xd k Y j yif q&mBuD ; armif A od e f ; \ tvk y f v uf & m
rsm;udk twGif;ususodol aumif;vSjzL ( Kong Hla Phrue) u
4if;\ Facebook wGif atmufygtwdkif; todtrSwfjyKxm;
od r f h o nf /
]]&cdkiftm;vHk;oda& q&mBuD; OD;atmifomOD;udk &cdkiftaMumif;
azmfxkwf&D;om;zdkU yefMum;wdkufwGef;ca& &cdkifausmif;om; vli,fwdxJrSm
wpfOD;tygt0if jzpf&HkrSsru.. q&mBuD; atmifomOD;twGuf vdktyfaw
pm&Gufpmwrf;wdudk emrnfrcHbJ yHhydk;yD;col... (q&mBuD; OD;atmifom
OD;vdkY jzpfay:zdkY armifAodef;&dkUu taumiftxnfazmfcapmfudk vlrodyg)/
a'guf w mat;csrf ; t*k & D ; ed e f a & ork d i f ; pmwrf ; wd t wG u f vd k t yf a w
taxmuf t xm; 80% eef U txuf u d k t"d u yH h y d k ; yD ; ol } } (a'guf w m
at;csrf;udk vlodauavh q&mBuD; armifAodef;udk vlrodyg)/
rMumcifu tGifvdkif;xuf ay:xGufvmNyD;au orkdif;okawoe
OD ; pD ; Xme nT e f M um;a&;rS L ; OD ; jrif h o d e f ; &D ; a&vd k Y vl o d r sm;a& &d k [ if * sm
EdkifiHa&; vIyf&Sm;rI tqifhqifh pmwrf;twGuf vdktyfaw taxmuftxm;
100% uk d vl o l r od b J yH h y d k ; yD ; col . .. (OD ; jrif h o d e f ; ud k & m vl o d y g
a&..armif A od e f ; ud k vl r od y g)/

ausmif;om;b0u &cdkifjynfuGefjrLepfygwDxJudk awmcdk0ifa&mufcNyD;au


vuf e uf u d k i f z l ; col / a'avmurS m ...tvk y f w pf c k u d k vl o d a tmif
emrnf & atmif vk y f u wf p G m rsm;yga&/ q&mBuD ; uawmh ,if ; yd k i f
aqmif&GufolwdeefY vHk;0uGJjym;a&vlyg/ a,auavh at*kydkif azmfxkwf
vd k u f p G m a& q&mBuD ; twG u f wrsd K ;aumif ; a&yd k i f ? wrsd K ;avh a omh r
aumif;yg/ Abid Bahar &dkU.. Siddiqui &dkUu ]emZD} vdkY pGyfpGJcsufwd rMumcif
ay:xG u f v mzG , f [d e D v d k Y y g.....[k tod t rS w f j yK &D ; om;xm;onf /
q&mBuD ; armif A od e f ; tm; tav;jyKvsuf

ausmf a ZmOD ;

*sme,f

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arv2013
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pm 31
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*sme,f

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*sme,f

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arv2013
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*sme,f

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