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FOREWORD
THIS HANDBOOK was prepared at the Military Intelligence

Training Center, Camp Ritchie, Maryland, and is designed to provide a ready reference manual for intelligence personnel in combat operations. The need for such a manual was so pressing that some errors and omissions are anticipated in the current edition. Any suggestions as to additions, or errors noted, should be reported directly to the Commandant, Military Intelligence Training Center, for correction in later editions.

513748 -- 43---1

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN

ARMY IDENTIFICATION

Left to right: Soldier (noncommissioned officer candidate-note silver cord across outer edge of shoulder strap), air force captain (belongs to staff, probably Air Ministry), SS Obergruppenfiihrer Josef Dietrich (commander SS Division Adolf Hitler and chief of SS Oberabschnitt Ost), Hitler, Reichsfihrer SS Heinrich Himmler (head of the SS and German police).

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON, APRIL 9, 1943.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION
SECTION I. General. military organizations --______
Paragraph

Identification of German military and semi1

II. German Order of Battle. Definition--___------------------------_
Purpose and scope --__ ___--------

2
3

III. The German Army (Das Deutsche Heer). Uniforms and equipment-------_------German Army identifications of specialists - -

4
5

Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe) ___- __ Enlisted men (Mannschaften)__ _____ Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere) .-Officers (Offiziere)--------------.--------German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke)_ "Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte) _ "Ersatz" system_------- ------------__---------Pay book (Soldbuch) ---IV. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe). Uniform and insignia---------------------Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben) _----- Special uniforms and insignia---------------_ -- --Insignia of rank-flying uniform __ Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army-------------_-------Corps of Engineers-----------------------Corps of Navigational Experts_----------Medical Corps--------------------------Musicians----------------------- -----V. The German Navy (Die Deutsche Kriegsmarine). General--------------------------------Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine)-----------------------

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

SS. Traffic signs (Verkehrszeichen) 33 34 35 Page _______ 67 . Police.) --. A. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Paragraph SECTION VI.____ 25 Semimilitary and political organizations___ 26 Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS)___ _ 27 Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service (Dienstgradabzeichen des Reichsarbeitsdienstes R. German police (Deutsche Polizei) ---. semimilitary and political organizations (Deutsche Polizei. SS.31 32 Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP) ____ Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend) -____ _ Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter)___ APPENDIX. und der NSKK) _________-------------------30 Insignia on uniform of the German police (Uniform-Abzeichen der Deutschen Polizei) __ Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen) .__-----_ 28 National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen)__________ 29 Insignia of rank of SA. Halbmilitarische und Politische Verbinde). D.

-______ 1 1. .-a. The German Army and German semimilitary organizations are very flexible in their structure. and insignia are often changed. for example. are not the rule. This tendency may well be used in associating German insignia of rank with our own. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 1-3 SECTION I GENERAL Paragraph Identification of German military and semimilitary organizations. b. the student will find that direct equivalents. such as the Navy and Air Force." is meant all known information of the enemy army. Purpose and scope. 1943). equipment. while existing in some instances. for a multitude of reasons. and armament. 3. Uniforms. are generally based on the various German divisions. Publications of data with respect to Order of Battle information regarding the German Army. Order of Battle information is generally divided into two parts: Order of Battle---Strength. without advance notice to the enemy. SECTION II GERMAN ORDER OF BATTLE Paragraph Definition--______----- ____----------. and concentration areas. and Order of Battle-Location. It is well to approach the subject with this fact in mind. equipment. The outline presented is as nearly accurate and complete as available sources permit (up to January 1. The student must possess sufficient adaptability to make corrections and adjustments if and when the need for them arises.-a. By the term "Order of Battle. movements. This is true because the division is the unit in the German Army which ordinarily does not change. as well as changes in organization.Pars.-a. however. It is second nature to make comparisons. b. Identification of German military and semimilitary organizations. Definition. In the case of a German infantry division.----------- _------------- 2 3 Purpose and scope------------------------------------------------- 2. (1) Order of Battle-Strength is a compilation of all of the units of the enemy armies and of those organizations of the other services. (2) Order of Battle-Location gives the disposition of known enemy army units and includes all information as to actual unit locations. which operate with the army in the field.

their battle reputations. Germany is divided into territorial administrative commands called Wehrkreise. methods of training and mobilizing the enemy Army. The mobilization of the German armed forces was accomplished within the administrative framework of the Wehrkreise. morale. because individuals in those units as a whole act according to local patterns of behavior.Par. those regiments ordinarily do not leave the division. enemy military symbols and abbreviations. b. They may be cross-indexed in such a way as to enable one who has identified a particular German regiment to identify the division of which it is a part and also the other units included in the same division. and descriptions of identification tags and pay books. an outline of the high command and general bases of organization of the enemy Army. d. which are of interest to intelligence officers: engagements and campaigns in which enemy units have taken part. 3 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION once it has been composed of certain infantry and artillery regiments. uniform identifications. Publications based on Order of Battle information contain data which identify the home stations or areas in Germany from which the soldiers in particular units originate. publications based on Order of Battle information may contain data such as the following. and probable casualties. which correspond to our service commands. It is important for intelligence officers to know from what part of Germany particular units come. information of this kind is subject to constant supplement. Publications based on collected Order of Battle data on the German Army ordinarily show the composition of known German divisions. It is this means of enemy unit identification which makes Order of Battle information of such great practical value to intelligence officers. c. In addition to identifying information such as that indicated above. This means that when a single regiment of a known German division is identified. SECTION III THE GERMAN ARMY (DAS DEUTSCHE HEER) Paragraph --_----____________------Uniforms and equipment ____________ German Army identifications of specialists---__----------------------------------Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe)____---------- 4 5 6 . lists of senior Army officers with their commands. As a result. the presence of the other previously identified units of that division can be inferred with reasonable assurance of accuracy. Naturally. and correction as individual units are identified. new editions of publications based on Order of Battle information are issued frequently. confirmation.

Par.
HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4
Paragraph

Enlisted men (Mannschaften) -------------------------------Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere)----_--_------------------Officers (Offiziere)-----__--------------___---------------------German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke) ---------------------"Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte) ------------___ --------"Ersatz" system-------------. ___ ---------------------------------Pay book (Soldbuch)___------------------------------------ _

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

4. Uniforms and equipment.-a. Field uniform (Feldanzug)(1) Blouse (Feldbluse).-Officers and enlisted men wear the same blouse, which is made of greenish-gray cloth with a collar of a darker shade. The collar is normally worn fastened up tightly around the neck, but under field conditions the blouse is sometimes worn open around the neck, with the collar folded back. No uniform shirt is worn under the blouse. (2) Trousers (Hosen).-Dismounted officers wear trousers of gray cloth which are tucked into half length black boots. The same equipment is worn by the enlisted men. Mounted officers and enlisted men wear gray trousers with leather facings, and riding boots. (3) Overcoat (Mantel).-The overcoat is double-breasted and made of gray cloth. The same type of coat is worn by officers and enlisted
men.

(4) Field cap (Feldmiitze).-The field cap is made of greenish-gray cloth, can be worn under helmet, and is worn by officers and enlisted men of all troops except mountain units and some personnel of the armored troops. The officer's field cap is of better quality and has silver piping along the top seam and top edge of the turn-up. Two insignia are embroidered on the front of the field cap: the Reichskokarde, which is just above the lower edge of the cap, and the national insignia, which is just below the upper edge. (5) Steel helmet (Stahlhelm).-The steel helmet is worn by officers and men in the field. It is made of seamless sheet steel and is painted inside and out with rust-resisting gray matt paint. Lugs are drilled on either side of the helmet so that a face shield can be.worn. Painted on the right side of the helmet is a shield with the national colors. Painted on the left side of the helmet is a shield with the national insignia (no national colors in some recent instances). (6) Pack (Tornister).-The pack carried by the foot soldier looks almost square when in position on a soldier's back. It is made of heavy canvas with leather binding around the edges and is held in position by leather straps. Blankets, shelter-half, and camouflage sheet (if present) are rolled into a long roll which is buckled over the top and sides of the pack. The pack (Tornister) is replaced by a

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HANDBOOK

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haversack (Rucksack) in the case of mountain troops. The haversack is also made of canvas, but is of nonrigid construction. (7) Other equipment.-Other equipment includes canteen, gas mask, gas cape, entrenching tool, and side arms. The gas cape is a protection against poison gas. (Cover made of impregnated cloth.) b. Field uniform of special units.-(1) Armored force (Panzertruppen).--Personnel of tank units wear a loose-fitting black uniform and steel helmet. (Collar patch of black uniform has skull and two crossed bones as insignia.) Panzerkraftwagen 38 T and medium armored troop-carrier personnel wear the same uniform but with the black beret. Beret shows national insignia and Reichskokarde with oak leaves. (2) Mountain troops and Mountain(Jager) Battalions. (Gebirgstruppen und Gebirgsjagerbataillone).-These units wear a mountain cap similar to the overseas cap worn by other arms or services but with the addition of a visor of the same material, the ordinary type of service blouse, gray cloth trousers fastened around the ankles by puttees, and ankle boots, with snowshoes attached for operation in snow. They may also be equipped with long, white coveralls with hoods. (3) Reconnaissance parties (Aufklarungstruppen).-These are also equipped with white coveralls similar to those of mountain troops when operating in snowy weather. (4) Smoke units (Nebeltruppen).-These units are equipped with leather suits consisting of jacket and breeches. (5) Parachute troops (Fallschirmjager).-Parachute troops have a brimless steel helmet with a chin and neck strap. Loose gray trousers and blouse are worn under a special coverall which has some 50 pockets. Also gauntlet gloves and boots with rubber soles are used. A leather belt is supported by two front straps fastened through a ring to a single strap in back. c. Distinguishing features-(1) Collar patch (Kragenspiegel).-(a) There are three types of collar patches on the field blouses consisting of1. Two horizontal bars of an aluminum woven lace (Doppellitze), each bearing centrally a stripe of color indicating arm of service or two outer color lines with center line of bluish dark green color. The color of arm of service is the "Waffenfarbe." 2. Outer and center color line of bluish dark green color, 3.' Field gray woven. All three color lines of mouse gray color (Einheitslitze).
NOTE.-The collar patch as described under 1 and 2 above is no longer issued and will be rarely found on the front as the Einheitslitze as described under S above is in general use today.

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4

(b)Collar patches of tank units are black with pink piping and white skull and crossbones. (2) Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen).-Strapsare of the same color as uniform. Piping denotes color of arm of service. Company number (from private up to and including highest ranking noncommissioned officer) is shown on field gray button near the collar. The regimental number is shown in the color of the arm of service (Waffenfarbe) on enlisted men up to and including the Unterfeldwebel (staff sergeant). The strap of all noncommissioned officers is also bordered by a silver strip and certain noncommissioned officers have silver stars and silver regimental numbers. For company officers it is flat, solid silver laces or tape with golden regimental numbers, and gold stars except for the second lieutenant (Leutnant). For field officers it is heavy braided silver lace, golden regimental numbers, and gold stars except for the major. For generals, the strap is two heavy gold strands braided with one silver strand, and silver stars except for the Generalmajor, but showing no regimental number. There is no company number on the buttons securing officers' shoulder straps. The buttons on the shoulder straps of all officers excepting generals are of silver and those of generals are of gold color. d. Insignia (Abzeichen)-(1) National insignia (Hoheitsabzeichen).Spread eagle over a swastika (Hakenkreuz). It is found on the left side of the steel helmet (but the wings are folded). On the field and mountain cap, it is in silver thread on a gray background. On the beret it is silver thread on black background. On the service blouse, dull silver cloth above right breast pocket. (Generals in gold.) (2) National Rosette (Reichskokarde).-Small circular insignia in black, white, and red. Worn on all headgear below the national insignia except on the steel helmet. It is flanked by oak leaves on all visored caps except on the mountain cap and field cap. (3) National colors (Nationalfarben).-Black, white, and red.
NOTE.-Since 1939 the undesirable display of regimental and company numbers and numerical identification of other detachments was avoided, first by temporary measures such as covering them up, and later by issuing plain shoulder straps with piping.

513748 °-43---2

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HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION

e. National Insignia of the Armed Forces (Hoheitsabzeichen der Wehrmacht).

Miitzen-Hoheitsabzeichen Luftwaffe (cap national insignia of air force)

Mtitzen-Hoheitsabzeichen, Heer silbern, Kriegsmarine golden (cap national insignia, Army silver, Navy gold)

Hoheitsabzeichen fuir Rock u. Feldbluse (national insignia for coat and field blouse of the air force)

Hoheitsabzeichen ffir Rock u. Feldbluse, Heer silbern, Kriegsmarine golden (national insignia for coat and field blouse; Army silver, Navy gold)

Left side Stahlhelm Luftwaffe (steel helmet, air force)

Right side

Left side
Stahlhelm fir Heer und Kriegsmarine (steel helmet for Army and Navy)

Right side

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. crown piped with silver 3. officers and enlisted men 4. officers. turn-up. Field cap. Mountain cap. can also show Hoheitsabzeichen (infantry) . Parachutists helmet (air force). enlisted men 2. Field cap. badge. 4 1.

4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARIRMY IDENTIFICATION pink piping 1 Badge silver grayEM silver thread-Off.Par. helmet . 3 Rank desiqnation like in - Political SS (not like Wehrmacht) 1. Collar patch. fen SS) Militarized SS. Beret 2. will always appear in collarpatch of all Waffen SS. Militarized SS (Waf- 44. tank personnel (black uniform only) 3.

3 each side. Ammunition pouches. sharp spade. Long trousers tucked into half-length boots. bayonet. belt (Koppel). canteen (Feldflasche) and rations bag (Brotbeutel). buckle showing (Koppelschloss). Gas mask over right hip. BACK VIEW RIGHT SIDE . short. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4 German Rifleman Deutscher Schijtze Helmet.Par. leather. brim type.

Par. Eisern. d. Flaggen (flags). 4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION f. Kreuz (flag of the Merchant Marine with Iron Cross) Gisch der Kriegsschiffe (Navy flag) Reichsdienstflagge ("Reich" service flag) Reichskriegsflagge ("Reich" war flag) Standarte d. Fiihrers u. Luftf. Obersten Befehlshabers der Wehrmacht (standard of the leader and supreme commander of the armed forces) Standarte des Oberbefehlshabers des Heeres (standard of the commander in chief of the Army) Kommandozeichen des Reichsministers d. Handelsflagge m. Oberbefehlsh. der Luftwaffe (standard of the Air Minister and commander in chief of the air force) Flagge des Oberbefehlshabers der Kriegsmarine (flag of the commander in chief of the navy) . u.

Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4 .

4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Armored fighting troops .Par.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. Medical personnel (Sanitatsunterpersonal) Saddler candidate (Truppensattlermeister-Anwsrter) Paymaster candidate (Anwarter fur die Heeres-Zahlmeisterlaufbahn) Motor maintenance sergeant (harness sergeant if horse outfit) (Schirrmeister) 513478°-43-- 3 13 . 5 5. German Army identifications of specialists.-Specialists (technicians) are mostly noncommissioned officers (from Unteroffizier to Oberfeldwebel). Specialists' insignia are worn on the right lower sleeve. except where otherwise noted. Worked in yellow wool on dark blue-green cloth background.

Par. 5 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION (Wallmeister) Pigeoneer (sergeant) (Brieftaubenmeister) Pyrotechnician (Feuerwerker) S Fortification construction sergeant (Festungspionier-Feldwebel) .

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 5 Horseshoeing instructor (Hufbeschlaglehrmeister) *Horseshoers (personnel) (Hufbeschla:gpersonal) Radio sergeant (Funkmeister) Ordnance sergeant (Waffenmeister' .

(Flash in "Waffenfarben") Army mountain guide (Heeresbergfiihrer). This insignia is worn on the left lower arm. 5 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Helmsman (Steuermann). (Anchor in silver embroidery) Operator smoke troops (Bedienungspersonal Nebelabteilung). This insignia is worn on left lower arm . This insignia is worn on the left upper sleeve. Worked in white rayon on dark green background Communication personnel (other than Signal Corps) (Nachrichtenpersonal).Par. This insignia is worn on the left upper sleeve. insignia is worn on the left breast This Gunlayer artillery (Richtkanonier).

infantry (Fallschirmjiger-Einheiten). Army corps headquarters (Generalkommando) . General headquarters of army (Oberkommando des Heeres). (14) "R" and number of battalion. White (weiss) __ Pink (rosa) ___ Pink (rosa) ---- "G" and Arabic number. Carmine red (karmesin rot). "A" and number of regiment or battalion. Bicycle battalions (Radfahrer-Abteilungen). Reconnaissance regiments or battalions. Golden yellow (goldgelb)." (10) (11) (12) White (weiss) -_ White (weiss)-_- Golden yellow (goldgelb). Mountain Jager Regiments and Jager Battalions. Carmine red (karmesin rot)." "M" and number of battalion. Infantry (Aufklirungsregimenter und -abteilungen). Infantry division headquarters (Infanterie-Divisionsstab). Roman number of corps.Par. Guard Battalion "Vienna" (Wachbataillon "Wien"). (13) Number of regiment. (MaschiMachine-gun battalion nengewehrbataillon). Army group headquarters (Heeresgruppenkommando). Number ment. "FJ. Cavalry and horse regiments (Kavallerie-und Reiterregimenter). War Department and General Staff (Reiehskriegsministerium und Generalstab). No numbers. "D" and number of division. "P" and number of battalion. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 6 6. No numbers. Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe). of regiof regi- White (weiss)_-- White (weiss) -_ "W. Number ment. Parachute units. White (weiss) _White (weiss)-_- No numbers. Golden yellow (goldgelb). Arm of service Colors Shoulder straps Generals (Generale)-_ _____- General headquarters of armed forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). No numbers. (15) . Infantry regiments (Infanterie-Regimenter). Armored train (Eisenbahn-Panzer- Bright red (hochrot). "D" and number of division." Pink (rosa) ---White (weiss) -- Zug). Light green (hellgrin). Armored division headquarters (Panzer-Divisionsstab). Antitank battalions of armored division (Panzerjiger-Abteilungen der Panzer-Division). "E.-To be found on shoulder strap piping and field cap at all times and may be found on the collar patch. Infantry (Gebirgsjigerregimenter und Jagerbataillone). Infantry Regiment "Greater Germany"(Infanterieregiment "GrossDeutschland). Carmine red (karmesin rot).

Latin "K. Grass green (grasgriin). Horse-drawn artillery regiments (Berittene Artillerieregimenter). Lemon yellow (zitronengelb). Number of battalion. Bright red (hochrot). Gothic "Fp" or Latin "F" plus Arabic numbers 1-50. Light blue (hellblau). (17) "B" and number of unit. Bright red (hochrot).Par. Observation battalions (Beobachtungsabteilungen). Fortress engineer headquarters (Festungspionierstab)." Roman numeral in Wehrkreis. (19) "A" and number of unit. units (Veterinarabtei- Black (schwarz) Black (schwarz) Lemon yellow (zitronengelb). Rank of regimental commander. (24) Number of battalion. Violet (violet)__ Chaplains (Heeresgeistliche) ______ Field signal command (Feldnachrichtenkommandantur). Signal battalions (Nachrichtenabteilungen). Carmine red (k a r m e s i n rot). (20) Bright red (hochrot). (25) Number of division. (23) Gothic "Fp. (16) "R" and number of unit. (22) Gothic "Fp" if unit existed in peacetime. Latin "F" if formed on or after mobilization.Violet (violet)___ Panzer reconnaissance units of Panzer or motorized division (PanzerAufklarungs-Abteilungen d e r motorisierten oder Panzerdivision). Cornflower blue (kornblumenblau). Copper brown (kupferbraun). Veterinary lungen). Medical battalions (Sanitatsabteilungen). White (weiss)-__ . (21) Number of battalion. (26) Number of division. 6 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Arm of service Artillery regiments (Artillerieregimenter) . Engineer battalions (Pionierbataillone). (27) No shoulder straps. Black (schwarz)l Black (schwarz) "K" and number of unit. (18) "N" and number of battalion. Smoke units (Nebelabteilungen)_ _ _." (28) Fortress engineer commander (Festungspionierkommandeur). Fortress engineers (Festungspioniere). Motorcycle battalion in armored division (Kraftradschiitzenbataillone). Colors Shoulder straps Number of regiment. Antiaircraft battalions (Flak-Bataillone). Transportation battalions (Kraftfahr-und Fahrabteilungen)." Gothic "Fl.

. green Dark Officials (Beamte) --------------(dunkelgriin).HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. brown band with "Feldgendarmerie" in silver inscribed on lower left arm. enlistedmen(Feldzeugkommando). NOTE. Enlisted men (Mannschaften) . White (weiss)__.-The numbers in parentheses on right-hand margin correspond to the numbers in the chart on the following page. Black (schwarz)_ Railway engineers (Eisenbahnpioniere). 7. Nazi eagle Sand swastika surrounded by oak wreath on upper left arm. Light green (hellSome local defense units (Einige griin).. Collar patch is plain. Local defense units (LandesschiitzenEinheiten).-All officers have either the old style officer's collar patch (as illustrated) or the new standard collar patch (Einheitslitze) which is worn by officers and enlisted men. latest type consists of three lines in mouse gray (Einheitslitze). Latin "L" plus Arabic number of regiment or battalion. 6-9 Arm of service Military police (Feldgendarmerie) - Colors Orange (orange) - Shoulder straps No number. Their regimental number is also in the color of the arm of service. The shoulder strap of company officers (lieutenants and captains) consists of four flat silver laces with piping in the color of the arm of service.-Corporals in the German Army are classed as enlisted men. Landesschitzen-Einheiten). The number of an officer's battalion or regiment is in gold metal. with piping. Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere). Insignia of rank is worn on left sleeve in dull silver chevrons. 9. brown Construction units (Bau-Einheiten) _ Light (hellbraun). 8. Company numbers do not appear." (29) (30) NOTE. Field officers (Stabsoffiziere) wear shoulder straps with two heavy silver laces twisted.-Noncommissioned officers have a dull silver lacing all around the collar of the field blouse.Shoulder strap is plain. Light blue (hellAdministration of ordnance storesblau). Latin "Fz. Officers (Offiziere). dark green on a foundation in the color of the arm of service. The dark green background of the shoulder strap is bordered by a silver strip around which is a narrow braid in the distinctive color of the wearer's arm of service. Latin "E" and Arabic numeral of unit.

9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 21 11 3 13 5 15 16 ° 17 18 19 20 J .Par.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 9 cc c i-+C '0 C)' Oc ' O 513748'-43--4 .

Shoulder strap same as Oberfeldwebel. but with two silver stars Hauptfeldwebel or Hauptwachtmeister (first sergeant). (technical sergeant). Embroidered number of regiment or battalion in color of arm of service (cavalry: Unterfeldwebel unterwachtmeister). This grade has lately been abolished Stabsfeldwebel or Stabswacht= meister (regimental sergeant major). Number of regiment or battalion in color of arm of service Fahnrich (officer aspirant junior grade). approximate American equivalent). Also has two silver stripes on both lower sleeves Oberfahnrich (officer aspirant senior grade). straps same as above dull silver star ~ k~X~p) ~F~n ~4~ ~e. Same as Feldwebel. 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS Unteroffizier (sergeant). Shoulder strap same as Oberfeldwebel. only numbers of regiment or battalion in silver. but he has officer's collar patch.Par. ~s~iraf~a~P~ Oberfeldwebel or Oberwacht(battalion sergeant meister major. Only noncommissioned officer with silver strip open on arm end. but with three silver stars ~BB~ i~d~t~ ~2~ ~ ~ta~j~i c~ . Same shoulder straps as Feldwebel. Same as Unteifeldwebel. This grade has lately been abolished Feldwebel cavalry) Shoulder with one (or Wachtmeister.

9 Noncommissioned-officer candidate (Gefreiter) Unteroffiziersanwar ter .HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.

On the right is an Unteroffizier (noncommissioned officer). The instrument is a German BC telescope . 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION The soldier on the left is an Obergefreiter (corporal with less than 6 years service).Par.

Two gold stars on shoulder strap c. However. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 9 a. Two gold stars on shoulder straps b. Lowest ranking officer. they do not outrank any commissioned officers even though they may hold a higher corresponding rank. Shoulder strap has no star EIK ' Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colOne gold star on onel). shoulder strap Oberst (colonel). Leutnant (second lieutenant). Shoulder strap has one gold star F~f~ Hauptmann (Rittmeister in the cavalry) (captain). Field officers. Company officers.-Band masters rate a salute from all noncommissioned officers and enlisted men. No stars on shoulder straps Oberleutnant (first lieutenant). . Band masters. Major (major).Par.

Two crossed batons = 0 . but one gold-colored star. No star on shoulder strap GENERAL OFFICERS . Generalmajor (major general).. same as Musikmeister. piped in Waffenfarbe. lyre and numeral gold-colored metal. Rank of second lieutenant - Obermusikmeister. (general). Band master. metal. but two gold-colored metal stars. senior. Three silver stars AWIM~1 Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal). Chief band master. C rAr eA+( Generalleutnant (lieutenant general). same as Obermusikmeister. Two silver stars Generaloberst (colonel general).Par. Rank of first lieutenant Stabsmusikmeister. Rank of captain E. 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Musikmeister. red and aluminum cords. One silver star 0 General der Infanterie. junior. Band master. etc.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 9 Troops on maneuvers .

Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Can you detect the ranks of these men? .

c. which is usually worn around the neck. b. Reserve officers have their shoulder straps on a second mouse gray underlay. The identification tag seldom shows the unit in which the man concerned is now serving unless he has lost the original disk issued to him on being assigned to a depot unit and his present unit has issued a replacement.-All medical officers carry on their shoulder straps in addition a caduceus. Infantry Regiment. When a man is killed. It is believed that every German officer and soldier carries an identification tag. is oval in shape. 10. This number is also inscribed on the first page of the pay book (Soldbuch). and Reserve oficers. B. e. It is divided into an upper and a lower part by perforations. subunit. The shoulder strap is formed by the interweaving of two heavy gold laces with one silver lace.Veterinary. and a number. Generals (Generale). but have red strips on the seams of their trousers. and also no piping on their straps. Generals have neither regimental nor company numbers. German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke). Blood group "A" 9th Company of the 61st 513748*--43--5 . All veterinary officers carry only winding snake (caduceus without a stick). AB. and measures about 2 by 2% inches. the lower half of the tag is broken off and sent back to Germany and the upper half is buried with the body. Identification tags captured up to the present bear only the unit.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. A captured identification tag of the old type. 168 is the personal number. 9-10 d. The tag is made of zinc.-a. or O). Medical.-The collar patch consists of a gold leaf on a red background. A report should always be made of the entries on the tags. Each half bears identical markings. The tag also bears a letter or two letters indicating to which blood group he belongs (A. The tag may record the existence of a previously unidentified unit.

Par. Stb. 10 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 8 is the personal number. Abw. 1st Company of 111th Infantry Regiment (formerly Regiment). means 7th Division Antitank Battalion. 7 Pz. Blood group "0" 83 is the personal number. means Staff. Blood group "O" of 87th Infantry .

c. topography. 11-12 The new type identification tag. and Air Corps. (6) Judge Advocate Department (lower grades) (Heeresjustizbeamte)-light blue. Bibliothek. (3) Court-martial officials (trained lawyers) (Reichskriegsgerichtsbeamte)-wine red. (9) Paymasters (Heereszahlmeister)-white.und Vermessungswesen. 36 is the personal number 11. technical instructors. (2) Officials for education. five-digit serial number indicates field post number which is that of the messing unit. (5) Service command administration officials (Wehrmachtbeamte der Wehrkreisverwaltungen)-bright red.-a. libraries. (1) War Ministry officials (Wehrmachtbeamte des Reichskriegsministeriums)-carmine red. (4) Engineers (Truppeningenieure). and sports (Wehrmachtbeamte des Bildungs-. These officials hold administrative positions and are often referred to as "civilian officials in the Army. "Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte). (8) Officials at remount stations (Wehrmachtbeamte der Remonteverwaltungen) -gold yellow.-a.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. Field army (Feldheer) and replacement army (Ersatzheer). 12. (7) Pharmacists (Apotheker)-light green. Navy.-"Wehrmacht" is a German word having no exact American translation but including the Army. etc. Indicated by secondary color (Nebenfarbe). other construction personnel.-black." b. Definition. "Ersatz" system. .-Dark green.-Unitsin the German Army are allocated to the field army (Feldheer) or to the replacement army (Ersatzheer). Basic colors (Waffenfarbe). Heeressportlehrer) -dark green. Classification.

Every unit in the field army has a replacement unit in the replacement army. b. all those being refitted. and initial unit training. a proportion of the officers of the replacement training unit will have seen service at the front with the field army unit and convalescent soldiers are attached to a convalescent company (Genesenden-Kompanie) of the replacement . 12 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION The field army contains all units participating in operations or which are specifically assigned to task forces. and the PAKAbteilung have an Ersatz company. The Ersatz battalion is permanently stationed in the Wehrkreis (administrative corps area) of the infantry regiment. replacement units are sent into the theater of war in order to have personnel replacements more readily available. (2) One infantry replacement training regiment may serve one or two field army divisions. In the same way. and generally all units not assigned to the field army. basic training. and it is further possible that each active unit. For example. a replacement training unit is likely. all bearing the number of the division. The engineer battalion. The three Ersatz battalions of the three infantry regiments of the infantry division are then grouped into one Ersatz infantry regiment which will bear the number of the division. The replacement army has charge of all mobilization. each artillery regiment has an Ersatz artillery Abteilung (battalion) which bears the same number (regiment). Organization of Ersatzheer. Similarly. will have the same number of Ersatz units. The replacement army has charge of all units in training except those preparing for a specific task force assignment.-(1) Each infantry regiment has one Ersatz battalion of the same number. Other divisional units also have Ersatz units which bear the number of the division. There is a possibility that active infantry regiments (as in the last war) have two Ersatz battalions (yet unconfirmed). The replacement army turns over to the field army trained and equipped combat units as well as trained replacements for existing combat organizations. to provide personnel for two units of the field army instead of only one as in accordance with the original system. in most cases. Nachrichten-Abteilung (signal battalion). This replacement unit contains a reserve of trained personnel to replace losses in the combat unit. to make all infantry divisions equal in value. and the Ersatz Nachrichten (signal) company. the Ersatz infantry gun company (13). all those in rest areas. it is intended that replacement training units should be permanently affiliated with specific field army units.Par. In some cases. In general. Included in this Ersatz regiment are the Ersatz PAK company (14). The three infantry regiments of a division are usually served by two replacement training battalions.

which distributes them to the units where they are required. . of very great importance in this respect. the system becomes less rigid. and other information the prisoner may have given at interrogation. (5) In cases where the replacement training units are absent from their home district. on the other hand. height.. The identification of Ersatz units is thus of the greatest importance. United Nations troops may capture them in the course of offensive operations. not been definitely confirmed by the numbers of the Ersatz units so far identified. Serves the intelligence officer as a check on name.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICAT'IIO Pars. etc. (6) Trained recruits arriving in small groups from the home command are sent to a Frontsammelstelle (front assembly point). b. (4) From the foregoing it will be clear that the identification of the number and location of Ersatz infantry battalions gives the number and Wehrkreis of origin of the infantry regiment of the same number and the identification of other Ersatz units the number and Wehrkreis of origin of the corresponding division. as page 4 gives the Ersatz unit of the soldiers' units. eyes. Shows the unit in which the holder is serving and. Gives a description of the prisoner (as to build. army. at the moment.. etc. troops are numbered and organized. (3) It is not yet known definitely how the Ersatz units of GHQ. 12-13 training unit before returning to the field. The pay book (Soldbuch)a. the recruits from that district report not at the unit replacement training center. The examination of captured prisoners and documents is. however. d. The soldier's Soldbuch (pay book) is particularly valuable. This has. the depot unit (Ersatz unit) in which he was first trained. color of hair. etc. but at a central Wehrkreis-ErsatzDepot from which they are conducted in groups to their replacement training commander. rank. corps. however. possible that GHQ. corps. Pay book (Soldbuch). It seems probable that nondivisional units have Ersatz units bearing the same numbers as the units themselves. in addition. Serves as a check on inscription and number of identification disk carried by the prisoner. Information about Ersatz units is derived. c. army.-Although pay books are not to be carried into battle. 13.). however. It is. principally from reports from inside Germany. Ersatz units are attached to divisional Ersatz units. the units of the field army (Feldheer) in which he has served previously. Further evidence is necessary before this point is definitely established. In times of stress.

Wings (a type of rank insignia) are mounted on the collar patch. flanked by oak leaves on spread wings. including dates and places visited. d. Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben).-A flying eagle is worn on the right breast of the blouse. and dental treatment." short for "Waffengattung. 15." "Waffenfarben" is the generic name for the colors given to the different arms or services to distinguish them from each other. f. 13-15 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION and the depot units which supply replacements for various field army units." means "arm of the service". Gives a complete record of all payments made by paymaster and aids in identifying recent location of his unit or changes in the official seals of the various paymasters. but in the color of the air force uniform." "Waffen.-----. h. hospital record._--.-a.-Consistsof the rosette (Kokarde).-a. c. Special uniforms and insignia ________ ____ ______ Insignia of rank-flying uniform __-__-_---____----_ . It also has piping in the color of arm of service. i. e. Collar patches.-Same shape as the Army only the national insignia is a flying eagle. e. f.-------------------------------Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben) _________------------___. Enlisted men and noncommissioned officers wear gray national insignia._----------------------------__ - 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 14. Steel helmet. b.---------------------------Corps of Navigational Experts -------------------------------------Medical Corps--------------------------_-___ _ Musicians ------------. Officers wear silver national insignia. Gives names and addresses of holder's relatives. in the term "Waffenfarbe.-----__________ Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army ____-______ Corps of Engineers------------. SECTION IV THE GERMAN AIR FORCE (LUFTWAFFE) Paragraph Uniform and insignia----------. Gives a record of equipment issued.-Same shape and same insignia of Army rank and grade. details of eyesight.Pars.-Bluish green. Shoulder straps.-They are different from the Army in that the background is in the color of the arm of service. Gives a record of furloughs. "farbe" means "color. Uniform and insignia. Uniform. It is used as piping on 34 . Cap insignia. National insignia. g. Literally. Gives dates of inoculations.

to those of the Army with the exception that the lowest grade is known as Flieger.. Golden yellow (goldgelb)--Aviation units (Fliegerverbande). The ranks of the air force correspond. c. Silver lace on lower front edge from Unteroffizier up. (1) Collar patchesfor enlisted men and noncommissioned oficers. Red (rot)-Antiaircraft artillery (Flakartillerie). Dark green (dunkelgrun)-Officials (Wehrmachtbeamte). Yellow (gelb)-Corps of navigational experts as a. Golden brown (goldbraun). . Black (schwarz)-Air Ministry (Reichsluftministerium).-Blue-gray with piping colored according to arm of service. Kanonier. There is no Oberschiitze. Light green (hellgrin)--Air Raid Warning Service (Luftmeldedienst). The equivalents of General-der Infanterie. second shoulder strap underlay ("Nebenfarbe"). the colors are apportioned as follows: In the air force White (weiss)--Generals and members of the General Goering Regiment. 15 the collar patch.--Air Signal Corps (Luftnachrichtendienst).IANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. Dark blue (dunkelblau)-Medical (Sanitatsdienst). etc. or Funker. Pink (rosa)-Engineer Corps (Pioniere). are General der Flieger and General der Flakartillerie. Silver braid (like Army) from Unteroffizier up and silver stars from Feldwebel up. Carmine (karmesin)-General Staff officers (Generalstabsoffiziere).Color of the arm of service with silver wings. on the whole. (2) Shoulder straps. etc. underlay of shoulder straps. b. Additional colors are worn by the following: Bright red (hochrot)-Noncommissioned officers and men of the General Goering Regiment wear this color as an edging to the collar patches.

16. wings surrounded by silver wreath. . Special uniforms and insignia.-Silver lace all around with silver leaf beneath wings. Gefreiter (lance corporal) / Obergefreiter (corporal) W Hauptgefreiter (corporal of longer service) (4) Company officer's collar patch. Special insignia of flying personnel of the German Luftwaffe and Army are worn on the left-hand side. in gold. 15-16 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION (3) Badges of rank worn on left upper arm. immediately above the belt. for generals. See figure in paragraph 18.-Gold lace all around and wings surrounded by gold wreath. inclusive. (5) Field officer's collar patch. (6) General's collar patch.-Silver lace all around. shows insignia in white. b. From sergeant to colonel.Pars.-a. See figure in paragraph 17. Flying uniforms worn by flying officers and flying personnel show insignia of rank on both upper sleeves.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Shoulder straps (Achselklappe: Par.(major general) ant general) L.General-Major nant (lieuten. =J UJ Oberst (colonel) General-Oberst (no equivalent) General der Flieger (no equivalent) Shoulder straps (Achselklappen)-Continued Collar patches (Kragenspiegel)-Continued if Oberst-Leutnant (lieutenant colonel) Major (major) Hauptmann Ober-Leutnant Leutnant (sec(captain) (first lieutenant) ond lieutenant) 513748--43---6 . 16 Collar patches (Kragenspiegel) Ut . General-Leut.

16 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen) ARMY IDENTIFICATION Collar patches (Kragenspiegel) Oberfeldwebel (master sergeant) Feldwebel (first sergeant) Unterfeldwebel (staff sergeant) Unteroffizer (sergeant) Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen)-Continued Collar patches (Kragenspiegel)-Continued Hauptgefreiter (corporal with longer service) Obergefreiter (corporal) Gefreiter (lance corporal) Flieger (private) .Par.

Insignia of rank-flying uniform.-Worn on upper arm. BOTH SLEEVES Sergeant Staff sergeant Technical sergeant Master sergeant Warrant officer Second lieutenant First lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Brigadier general Major general Lieutenant general 39 .HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. INSIGNIA OF RANK-FLYING UNIFORM WORN ON UPPER ARM. 17 17. both sleeves.

wreath. wreath. Parachute troops. oxidized silver) 7. the medical personnel of the air force show the caduceus on their shoulder straps. Corps of Engineers. 21. Pilot-observer (eagle. aluminum. and swastika.Pars. wreath. Army (eagle. wreath. gold) 19. 18_21 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTION 18. 1 _ 2 6 7 1. Corps of Navigational Experts. Officers up to the rank of colonel are distinguished . Pilot (eagle. gold) 2. Their Waffenfarbe is dark green. aluminum. additional color. bright aluminum) 3.-Members of the Corps of Engineers who are in the Reserve use. a second underlay of light blue on their shoulder straps and a piping of the same color on their badges. Medical Corps. Aviation service medal (same as pilot) 5. Parachute troops. Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army.-Again following the custom of the Army. yellow. 20.-The ranks and badges of the Corps of Navigational Experts are the same as those of the Corps of Engineers. Radio operator or flight engineer (same as pilot) 6. in addition to the ordinary pink Waffenfarbe of their arm of service. Observer (same as pilot) 4. upper eagle. oxidized silver. Luftwaffe (eagle. gold.

-Officers and men wear the uniform of the unit in which they are serving. .Pars. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 21-22 by their Waffenfarbe of dark blue. When 0 Ai 22. with their badges in gilt. The officers have their collar patches and the underlay of their shoulder straps in the musicians' Waffenfarbe. Their shoulder straps are in gilt. they change to orange. however. Musicians. serving in the reserve.

22 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION PARACHUTIST AIR FORCE .Par.

Members of antiaircraft artillery (88-mm dual purpose gun). (Note air force insignia on steel helmets) . .

d. Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine). with the exception that the chin strap for all ranks is in black leather. Shoulder straps on the navy blue uniform are worn more prevalently than in our service and follow the system of the German Army. 23-24 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SECTION V THE GERMAN NAVY (DIE DEUTSCHE KRIEGSMARINE) Paragraph General --------------------------------------_----------Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine) -_-___-- -- 23 24 23. from flag officers on down. all ranks and ratings. General. (See figures in par. both for commissioned and enlisted personnel. With the exception that in the lower grades the equivalent German rank is one-half stripe above our corresponding insignia. 24. Since the outbreak of the second World War. Officers up to and including the rank of lieutenant commander have a gold rim on the visor. The German Navy headdress is similar to our own. Basically the present German naval uniform.Pars. This cap is similar to the German field service cap (with gilt insignia. the insignia of rank on the sleeves is similar to that of the U. Navy. wear a blue "overseas" cap at sea. . except that piping and braid are gilt. They are distinguished from the Army by having gold buttons and insignia. German naval personnel serving ashore in coastal batteries or as troops in the field (not as landing parties) wear the Army field gray. Navy. surrounded by gilt oak leaves and surmounted by a gilded national emblem. The full dress and other uniforms resemble ours. S.) The national insignia (Hoheitsabzeichen) is worn above the right breast pocket and is in gold. but without any piping). b. 24. The cap insignia is the black-white-red cockade. is very similar to that of the former Imperial Navy. c. but without any gilt on the visor. S. but the white uniform has a roll collar. higher grades wear gilt oak leaves as in the U.-a. Warrant officers wear the same cap.

zur See (midshipman man junior senior gra ide) grade) /^ ^ ^ JS^ ^(S Leutnant zur See (ensign) Oberleutnant zur See (lieutenant junior grade) Kapitanleutnant (lieutenant) Korvetten-Kapitan (lieutenant com- Fregatten-Kapitan (commander) mander) 11111 ~64~6 Kapitan zur See (captain) Konter-Admiral (rear admiral) Vize-Admiral (vice admiral) Admiral (admiral) General-Admiral (grand admiral of the fleet) .Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 24 Matrose (seaman third class) Stabsmatrose Obermatrose (seaman second (seaman first class) class) Oberstabsmatr (no United States equivalent) Obergefreiter (petty officer third class) Stabsgefreiter (petty officer second class) Bootsmannsmaat (petty officer first Oberbootsmannsmaat (chief petty Feldwebel (no United States equivalent) Oberfeldwebel (no United States class) officer) equivalent) Fghnrich zur Oberfahnrich See (midship.

_. SS. (2) Rural constabulary (Gendarmerie). Hitler is the supreme head of the SS. and in permanent military units. HALBMILITARISCHE UND POLITISCHE VERBANDE) Paragraph German police (Deutsche Polizei) --------------------------------Semiinilitary and political organizations ______________________________ Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS)_ _ _____ ___________.__ Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend)_ Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter) ___ _ --. b. -_-. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA. _ _ _ 33 34 35 25. SEMIMILITARY AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS (DEUTSCHE POLIZEI... Originally formed as protective squads for political meetings and bodyguards for the leaders of the party.. A. SS (Schutzstafeln). Constabulary (Ordnungspolizei). German police (Deutsche Polizei). D. ___ Insignia on uniform of the German police (Uniform-Abzeichen der Deutschen Polizei) --.-The German police is divided intoa._------_ . __ Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen) . Reichsarbeitsdienstes R..-(1) City police (Schutzpolizei). und der NSKK)--.-a.-This is the corps d'elite of the National Socialist Party. (b) Militarized SS (Waffen SS) is a fully militarized and perma- . _ -. SS. The secret state police have as their special task the liquidation and prevention of all activity hostile to the regime. Semimilitary and political organizations. 26.____ ___-__.. both for internal security duties in Germany and German-occupied territories. (2) Criminal police (Kriminalpolizei). Under him Himmler is the executive chief of the organization with headquarters in Berlin..---_------. _.-------------. 25 26 27 28 Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service (Dienstgradabzeichen des ____ National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen)__ Insignia of rank of SA. _ - 29 30 31 32 _ Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP) ------------------_.-(1) Secret state police (Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo).-. (1) The units of the SS fall into two distinct categories(a) Ordinary SS (Allgemeine SS) consists of part time volunteers employed for security purposes within Germany.Pars. Security police (Sicherheitspolizei).) -___---__-_____ .. 25-26 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SECTION VI POLICE. it has been considerably expanded and is now widely employed....

' (2) Nondivisional SS units are normally employed for mopping-up purposes along the line of communication. (N. D. (2) The uniform is brownish gray blouse with dark collar and slacks. The majority have been absorbed into the Army.). where they provide additional manual labor for the Organisation Todt or the engineers.). formed into divisions and a number of independent brigades and regiments. National Socialist Mounted Corps (Nationalsozialistisches Reiterkorps) (N. (7) Wachtregiment "Wien" (Guard regiment "Vienna"). S. with variances mentioned in paragraph 27.-Its function is to train young men to the standard of cavalry recruits of 6 months' service before they join the Army. beneath it. the N. S. A. d. (c) Prinz Eugen. D. Storm Trooper Detachments (Sturm-Abteilungen) (S. (3) SS regiment "Deutschland" (Standarte "Deutschland").). K.HANDBOOK ON GEIRMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. is responsible for the premilitary and postmilitary training of German manpower in cooperation with the heads of the fighting services. They may also be employed on occasions on the front line subordinated to the nearest convenient army. (6) SS regiment The Fiihrer (Standarte Der Fiihrer). A. D. K. 47 . A. National Socialist Motor Corps (National Sozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps). e. They are organized into companies under a cadre of permanent officers and noncommissioned officers. R.). (5) SS regiment "Planetta" (Standarte "Planetta"). 26 nently organized force. a red arm band with a black swastika set in a white circle. (2) SS regiment "Germania" (Standarte "Germania"). K.-The S.-(1) All German men who are physically fit are normally required to perform 6 months' service in the R. S. b. (b) Reich. On the left sleeve is the R. A. (3) The uniform is field gray as in the Army. (2) Within Germany. National Labor Service (Reichsarbeitsdienst) (R. emblem (a spade head containing the Arabic number of the company) and. also trains men in its motor 1 Waffen SS composed of Verfiigungstruppen: (1) Adolf Hitler's special bodyguard (Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler). Divisions: (a) Viking. K. A man who wishes to join a mounted arm of the service now has to be in possession of a certificate from this organization before he is accepted. and such companies are available in considerable numbers for service on the line of communication and in occupied countries. (4) SS regiment "Horst Wessel" (Standarte "Horst Wessel"). before beginning their military service. c. A. K.-(1) The functions of this organization are to assist the police in traffic control duties on the line of communication and to provide motor transport units (Brigaden) to supplement the transport services of the armed forces.

For commissioned ranks they are edged with white cord. which carries a number in the series 1-400. courses are held which include theoretical and practical instruction in.-(1) Right side-black SS on white shield.Pars. In the figure on page 49 the " Germania" is shown. .Fliegerkorps). (3) The special SS rank badge is worn on the left collar patch. in particular the members of the flying section of the Hitler Youth. The national emblem is mounted on a wheel enclosing a swastika. and is worn on the cap or black crash helmet. the construction of gliders. White Arabic numerals preceded by the letter "M" on the right-hand collar patch give the number of the battalion. S. (2) Left side-black swastika in white circle on red shield. radiotelephone. with the usual colored piping for the different arms and services. f. orf) in order to join panzer. Hitler Youth and German Young Folk (Hitlerjugendund Deutsches Jungvolk). as well as in radiotelegraph. Steel helmet. air. National Socialist Flying Corps (National Sozialistisches . The most important of these are- a. (3) The uniform is brown shirt and black breeches.--Its function is to organize the premilitary training of personnel destined for the air force. (7) A single chevron with a star on right upper arm denotes previous service in the police or armed forces. K. F. 27. or horse cavalry outfits. Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS). (4) The national insignia is worn on the left upper arm and not on the right breast. A white SS or a skull and crossbones insignia is worn on the right collar patch. NOTE. 26-27 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION schools and training units for service with the army's mobile troops. (5) About 8 inches from the bottom of the left cuff a narrow black band edged in white is worn.-Compulsory for all boys except those whose blood is not pure Aryan.-(1) The shoulder straps are always black. There are.-A soldier must have been a graduate member of one of the above organizations (d. Field blouse. Its basic unit is the motor battalion (Motorstandarte). b.-Waffen SS troops wear the ordinary field gray uniforms of the German Army. etc. At the technical schools of the N. (6) A single chevron on the right upper arm denotes long service (distinguish from single chevron on left arm indicating Sturmmann). (2) The collar patches are always black. e. g. bearing the name of the regiment (Standarte) in white lettering. some points of difference. however.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 27 Uniforms of the Waffen SS. (See complete description in paragraph 27) .

Par. 27 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Deutsches Jungvolk (German Young Folk) Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) .

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 27 National Labor Service .

Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service. D. Verpflichtung auf 1 Jahr Vormann Truppfthrer Obertruppf Unterfeldmeister Feldmeister Oberfeldmeister Oberstfeldmeister Arbeitsfiihrer Oberarbeitsf Oberstarbeitsf Generalarbeitsf Ober-Generalarbeitsf Reichsarbeitsf .) (Dienst- a. 28 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 28. A..Par. gradabzeichen des Reichsarbeitsdienstes R.. Obervormann Kragenspiegel (Collar t patch) Schulterklappen (Shoulder straps) Arbeitsmann (no shoulder strap) Arbeitsmann b.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. Hoheitsabzeichen (national insignia) Goldenes Parteiabzeichen (golden party insignia) Parteiabzeichen (party insignia) Ehrenzeichen der HJ (insignia of Hitler Youth) Ehrenzeichen am Band-em 9. National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen). 29 29. -Nov. 1923. "Miinchener Putsch") . 1923 (Blutorden) (special badge for participation in uprising on November 9.

Par. 29 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SA-Abzeichen (Storm Troopers insignia) NSKK (National Socialist Motor Corps) SS-Abzeichen (National Socialist "SS" Abzeichen) "SA" Formations .

I{AND)BOOI( ON GERMAN ARMY IDETITFCATON Par. 29 Flans of the "SS" HJ-Abzeichen (Hitler Youth insignia) DJt. Jungvolk (German Young Folk) NSD-Studentenbund (Nazi Students' Organization) .

29 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Deutsche Arbeitsfront (German Labor Front) Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labor Service) NSBO (Nazi Farmers' Organization) NS-Volkswohlfahrt (Nazi National Welfare) NS-Frauenschaft (Nazi Womanhood Organization) Handwerker Zeichen (Craftsman insignia) i. Kinderreichen S(Organization for those with many children) NS-Gemeinschaft ("Kraft durch Freude") NS-Schwesternschaft (Nazi Sisterhood) . Reichsbund d..Par.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.-Nothilfe (Technical Emergency Corps) Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Rechtswahrer-Bund (Nazi Legal Advisors' Organization) Reichsnahrstand (Nazi Agricultural Organizations) NS-Hago (Nazi Organization of Commercial Employees) NS-Lehrerbund (Nazi Teacher Organization) Reichsbund Deutscher Beamter (Organization of German Civilian Officials) . 29 Q SA-Sportabzeichen (Storm Troopers sports insignia) Nat. Fliegerkorps (Nazi Flying Corps) NSKOV (Federation of Disabled and Bereaved) S(beutfesSauenroer) NSKK Sportabzeichen (Nazi Motor Corps sports insignia) Reichsluftschutzbund (German Air Defense League) NS Frauenwerk-Abzeichen (Nazi Women Workers' insignia) Techn.-Soz.

NBKKObergruppenfUhrer Stabschef SA Reichsfuihrer SB Korpsfuihrer NSKK . NSKK. NSKK-Bcharftihrer S S-TUnterscharfiihrer SA-. 30 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 30.oder SSObersturmbannftihrer NSKK-Oberstaffelf SA-. NBKKOberfUhrer SA-. Sturmhauptffthrer S S-Hauptsturmftihrer SA-oder SBSturmbannfhhrer NSKK-Staffelfuhrer SA. Sturmfiihrer SS-Untersturmftihrer SA-. NSKK Obertrnppfiihrer SS-llauptscharfiihrer BA-. NSKKBrigadefUhirer BA-. NSRKGruppenftihr er BA. SB-. SS-. NSKKSturmmann SA-. SB-. NSKKObersturmfiihrer SA-. NSKK-Truppftihrer SS-Oberscharfhhrer SA-. SB-. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA. NBKK-MANN SA-. NSKKStandartenfiihrer BA-. SA-. SB-. Oberscharftthrer SS-charffihrer SA-. SB-. und der NSKK) . NSKK. NSKKRottenfitihrer SA-. SB-. SB-.Worn on left collar patch.Par.SB. NSKK. SS.. Insignia of rank of SA. SS.

31 31. Insignia on uniform of the German police (UniformAbzeichen der Deutschen Polizei). Oberwachtmeister Hauptwachtmeister u. Meister SCHULTERSTUCKE Offiziere Wachtmeister Oberwachtm Hauptwachtm Meister Obermeister Inspektor Leutnant Oberleutnant Hauptmann Major Oberstleutnant Oberst Generalmajor Generalleutnant General 59 .HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. HOHEITS-ABZEICHEN (National insignia) S/o/ fiir Tschakos (for Shako) fiir Dienstmittze (for service cap) KRAGENSPIEGEL ffr Kartuschen (for cartouche) Wachtmeister u.

Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen). NSKK Obergruppe Standarte Gruppe Sturmbann Brigade NSKKWagenwimpel FShnleinfahne des Deutschen Jungvolks Wimpel fir Angehorige der SA 60 . SS. 32 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 32. Oberste Fihrung SA.Par.

Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP).-Sturmstander HJ. ParteifahneSturmfahne Kreisfahne der NSDAP S St Standarte DAF-Fahne NSD.-Bannfahne NSKK.-Studentenbundfahne NSBO-Fahne SHJ. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 33 33.Par.-Gefolgschaftsfahne .

34 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 34. Stammffihrer Oberstammftihrer Bannffihrer Oberbannftihrer Hauptbannfdhrer Fiibrerschnur: weiss Fuhrerschnur: rot ®- Fuihrerschnur: rot-schwarz A Gebietsfflhrer dreibl. Rottenftdhrer Oberrottenftihrer Kamerad. Eichenlaub Fiihrerschnur: schwarz-silber Stabsfiihrer dreibi.-Shoulder straps are as follows: Hitlerjugend. Eichenlaub Fuhrerschnur: schwarz Obergebietsfflhrer dreibi. gold.Par. gold. gold. Eichenlaub Ftihrerschnur: schwarz-gold .Oberkameradschaftsftihrer schaftsfuhrer Fudhrerschn ur: rot-weiss Scharfidhrer Oberscbarfixhrer Gefolgschaftsfuihrer Obergefoigschaftsfuihrer Hauptgefolg schaftsfuihrer Ftihrerschnur: grtin Fuhrerschnur: gran-weiss gt. Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend).

. PASPELIERUNG: HELLBLAU Mitarbeiter Blockleiter Stellenleiter: 1 slb. PASPELIERUNG: ROT GOLD SORRAFFIERT-SILBER WEISS Mitarbeiter Stellenleiter Hauptstellenleiter 63 . SPIEGEL: ROT. SPIEGEL: HIELLBRAUJN. 35 35.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATUON Par. Winkel Amtsleiter Stiitzpunktleiter Ortsgruppenleiter b. Ortsgruppenleitung-Stiitzpunct (Local headquarters).a. Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter) . Gauleitung (governmental district headquarters). Winkel Zellenleiter Hauptstellenleiter 2 slb. SPIEGEL: DUNKELBRAIJN. Kreisleitung (county district headquarters). PASPELIERUNG: SCHWARZ LAI Mitarbeiter Stellenleiter IHauptstellenleiter Amtsleiter Hauptamtsleiter Kreisleiter c.

KREISR. Orts-Beisitzer Kreis-bzw. GOLD. GAUJR. . ROT. SCHWARZ Kreiz-bzw. SPIEGEL: BLAU.Parteigericht (party court).Par. 35 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION mm' Amtsleiter Hlauptamtsleiter Stellv. PASPELIERUNG: GOLDGELB Gold schraffiert-Silber weiss Mitarbeiter Hilfs-Stellenleiter Stellenleiter Haupt-Stellenleiter Amtsleiter Haupt-Amtsleiter Haupt-Dienstliter Reichsleiter e. PASPELIERUNG: REICHSL. Reichsleitung (national headquarters). Gauleiter Gauleiter d. O rtsrichter Gau-Beisitzer: zwei sulb Gardelitzen Gaurichter Beisitzer bei~m Obersten Parteigericht Reichsleiter . SPIEGEL: KARMESINRtOT.

Par. . HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 35 War Department-The Military Intelligence Training Center-Camp Ritchie. Md.

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Preceding individual registration numbers. PreuB. an Strallenbahnhaltestellenwahrend des Ein. General. VERHALTEN DES KRAFTFAHRERS IM VERKEHR: A. these symbols designate the district in which the vehicle has been registered.und Aussteigens a) langsam. (2) Various German road and traffic signs.9. behindert oder beldstigt. 3. 1934. G. RECHTSGRUNDLAGEN: Reichsstraflenverkehrsordnung weisung vom 29. II. New German traffic law. III. (4) A list of symbols found on license tags of German automobiles.APPENDIX TRAFFIC SIGNS (VERKEHRSZEICHEN) 1. Verkehrsregeln: Ausreichende Sicht im Fahrzeug ffir den Fahrer. 1. B. 1934. (3) A road map showing the principal German highways. 5. b) in angemessenem Abstand vorbeifahren.) Statt bisheriger Einzelvorschriften jetzt allgemeiner Grundsatz: Jeder Teilnehmer am offentlichen Verkehr hat sich so zu verhalten. dafi notigenfalls rechtzeitig angehalten werden kann. 2. und wir geben nachstehend dieses neue Straflenverkehrsrecht in Stichworten wieder: I. b. STRAFEN: insbesondere Geldstrafe bis zu 150.-a. Geschwindigkeit so. DAS NEUE VERKEHRSRECHT Die ReichsstraBenverkehrsordnung enthdlt die ausschlieflliche Regelung des Strafenverkehrs. 3. The following pages contain some of the principal means (1) employed by Germany for the regulation of road traffic. Strallenverkehrsordnung vom 20. die des St. Included areAn excerpt from the present German traffic law which regulates traffic' throughout the Reich. AUSSER KRAFT GETRETEN: vom 28. . auierdem bei Verstofi gegen St. (§§ 25-30 des Gesetzes und Erluterungen der Ausfuhrungsanweisung dazu. 1. G.-RM oder Haft. 2. als nach den Umstanden unvermneidbar. 2. IV. dafi er keinen anderen schadigt oder mehr. B. B. The knowledge of these signs will be of great interest and value whenever a district is entered which by occupation or otherwise has previously been subjected to German administration. c) notigenfalls anhalten. 1934 mit Ausfihrungsan- Alle anderen wichtigen gesetzlichen Verkehrsvorschriften.

wenn rechts iiberholen aus Raummangel nicht m6glich. links iiberholen. Ausnahme: bei Einbahnstrafien auch links. Ein. 7.und Ausfahrt nur so. Parken nicht zulassig a) an engen Stralenstellen und in scharfen Stralenkriimmungen. in Einbahnstralen rechts oder links iiberholen. 5. Warnzeichen: a) wenn andere Verkehrsteilnehmer gefahrdet werden konnen. wenn anderer Zweck als Warnung. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATIO 4. 9. dali er zum Uberholenlassen bereit sei. c) weniger als 10 m vor oder hinter Kreuzungen und Einmundungen. erkennen geben. standig rechte Seite einzuhalten. wenn Tiere beunruhigt werden. Ausweichen und Uberholen: a) rechts ausweichen. d) bei uniibersichtlichen Strecken atuBerste rechte Seite der Fahrbahn einhalten.und Ausfahrten. b) bei Absicht des Uberholens. e) ist bei Begegnungen Ausweichen unmoglich. c) jeder nur fur eine Verkehrsart bestimmte Weg und Sommerweg gelten als selbstandige StraBe. Zeichen des Eingeholten abzuwarten. d) weniger als 5 m vor oder hinter Haltestellen. wenn Ausweichen oder tberholen bevorstehen kann. wenn Sicherheit und Riicksicht es erfordert. 8. b) nicht vorgeschrieben. . Anfahren und Halten nur rechts. links fiberholen gestattet. 6. b) auf Geleisen. Beim Verlassen des Kraftfahrzeuges: a) zur Vermeidung von Unfallen und Verkehrsstorungen MalBnahmen treffen. Bevorrechtigte Fahrzeuge mit mehreren Insassen und regelmafige Fahrzeuge im offentlichen Linienverkehr. d) Signale iberhaupt verboten. b) zur Verhinderung unbefugter Benutzung ublicherweise hierfiir bestimmte Vorkehrungen in Wirksamkeit setzen. Vorsorglich rechte Seite einhalten. Standiges Nebeneinanderfahrenverboten. wenn aus Raummangel nicht rechts ausgewichen werden kann. f) Schienenfahrzeugen gegeniiber links ausweichen. Ausnahme: keine Verpflichtung gegenliber Fufgingern. ferner Verkehrsbedeutung. f) vor Ein. Pflicht der Umkehr fiir den. e) an Verkehrsinseln. g) auf der mittleren von 3 getrennten Fahrbahnen. 10. hierzu genigt deutliches Einhalten der dulersten rechten Seite. dalf Gefahrdung des Strafenverkehrs ausgeschlossen ist. MaBgebend hierfiir zunichst fahrtechnische M6glichkeit. dem dies nach den Umstanden am ehesten zuzumuten. Uberholender ist nicht verpflichtet. c) nicht. 11. g) Verhalten des Eingeholten beim Uberholen: Einhalten der aufersten rechten Seite.App. Scheinwerfer abblenden.

in vorher freier Richtung: . Straflenreinigungsmaschinen. wenn sonst Bevorrechtigter an Kreuzung eintrifft. Ausnahmen: andere Regelung durch amtliche Verkehrszeichen. Polizei. von Einhaltung der Vorschriften befreit. aber bevorrechtigt vor anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern. c) Wegerechtsfahrzeuge. 69 . z. Feuerwehr.. Vorfahrtrecht. Gilt auch fur Radfahrer.StraBe frei" und . 13. Anmerkung: Einbiegen bei .StraBe frei" nur. Farbzeichen: Grtin: . Ausnahme: Nach links auf . B. Polizei. b) helltonende Glocke. NSDAP.Halt". in der Verkehrsrichtung: . Sonderrechte.. ist Platz zu machen. c) Vorfahrtrecht fur alle Verkehrsteilnehmer auf besonders gekennzeichneten Hauptverkehrsstralen.Anhalten" oder . b) Geschlossene Verbinde der' Wehrmacht. aber nicht fur Fufiganger auf Fulwegen. Weisungen und Zeichen der Polizei haben grundsatzlich Vorrang vor allgemeinen Verkehrsregeln.. ist der andere bevorrechtigt. e) Vorfahrtrecht nicht.Kreuzung frei".. Zeichen der Polizeibeamten: Winken in Verkehrsrichtung: . Prozessionen diirfen weder unterbrochen noch sonst in ihrer Bewegung gehemmt werden. 12. Ausriistung: a) ausreichende Bremse. Radfahrer. wer von recht? kommt. b) Kraftfahrzeuge und Schienenfahrzeuge untereinander gleichberechtigt. A. WICHTIGSTE VORSCHRIFTEN FUR ANDERE VERKEHRSTEILNEHMER. V..Kreuzung frei" zulissig.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON App. Mannschaftswagen der Polizei. rot: .Achtung" oder . d.. f) Richtungsinderung oder Anhalten ist anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern anzuzeigen. und ihrer Untergliederungen.Achtung". gelb: . ortlichen Sonderregeln. 1. Fahrzeuge.Stralle frei".Strale frei".. a) Grundsatzlich bevorrechtigt... h.Anhalten".Halten".Kreuzung frei".. wenn Verkehr nicht gestort wird. d) Will jemand die Richtung eines anderen ihm auf derselben Strafle begegnenden kreuzen.Strale frei".. Hochheben eines Armes: Fiir Verkehrsteilnehmer in vorher gesperrter Richtung: .. in der Kreuzung: . Seitliches Ausstrecken eines Armes oder beider Arme quer zur Verkehrsrichtung: . a) Wehrmacht. Leichenziige.. soweit in Erfullung ihrer hoheitlichen Aufgaben. die durch amtliche Verkehrszeichen angezeigt sind. 14. die zur Erfiillung offentlicher oder dem Gemeinwohl dienenden Aufgaben freie Bahn brauchen. wahrend langsam beweglicher Verkehrsteilnehmer sich dort befindet und zur Gewihrung der Vorfahrt halten miiBte..

Fahrzeugnummer etwaiger Zeugen. Fuhrwerk. Miissen im Verkehr geeigneten Filhrer haben. Witterungsverhiltnisse. c) Riickstrahler. VERKEHRSUNFALLEN. d) Lampen dirfen nicht blenden. darf am Verkehr nur teilnehmen. 3. Art der Pflasterung). 6. so gebaut und ausgerustet. -D. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 2. 2. b) Lenkstange nicht loslassen. Verhalten: a) bespanntes Fuhrwerk darf nicht unbeaufsichtigt stehen. der ausreichend auf sie einwirken kann. Tiere. b) Fahrbahnen und Radfahrwege auf kiirzestem Wege und ohne Aufenthalt iiberschreiten. wenn Verkehr sonst behindert werden wiirde. Personen. Abs. B. Name. Beschaffenheit der Strafle (Schlaglocher. 7. so hat Verwaltungsbehorde ihm deren Fiihren zu untersagen oder Bedingungen zu stellen.App. d) Lampe darf nicht blenden. c) Anhangen verboten. 1. An Stralienkreuzungen mit bezeichneten Ubergangen ausschliellich diese benutzen. Fahrzeugnummer aller Beteiligten. Fahrgeschwindigkeit aller Beteiligten. 3). 4. An Ort und Stelle feststellen und aufschreiben: Genaue Zeit. 5. Verhalten: a) Richtungsdnderung oder Anhalten ist anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern anzuzeigen (§27.ist.(Regen. Anschrift. b) unbespanntes Fuhrwerk darf bei Dunkelheit oder starkem Nebel nur stehen. d) einzeln hintereinander fahren. a) Wer infolge korperlicher oder geistiger Mingel sich nicht sicher bewegen kann. Ausriistung: a) leicht lenkbar. Erweist sich jemand als ungeeignet zum Fiihren von Tieren. daf1 er andere nicht gefahrdet. abgenommen oder an Spitze beleuchtet ist. c) Riickstrahler. C. 2. b) Bremse. e) Lichtkegel der Lampe mul geneigt sein. Name. 7O . wenn Deichsel hochgeschlagen. VERHALTEN BEI ZUSAMMENSTOIIEN ODER ANDEREN A. Witterungseinfliusse auf die Strale (Rogen. 1. wenn in geeigneter Weise Vorsorge getroffen. FiiBe nicht von der Tretkurbel entfernen. e) Anbinden von Handwagen an Fahrrader verboten. g) Pflicht zur Benutzung der Radfahrwege. Nebel). dal verkehrstiblicher Betrieb niemand schadigt oder mehr als unvermeidbar behindert oder belistigt. Bremsspuren. f) Fiihren von Pferden und Vieh von fahrenden Fahrradern aus verboten. Strafenbahnwagen und Omnibusse nur an den Haltestellen betreten und verlassen. Glatteis). Sicht. Anschrift.

COAl) a O D CDJ S CD CD CD CD N 0: co ' p CD ~CD c CD CD CD~o m CD (CD CD CD td CD CD a CD P CD CD Map of the German Reich .

5 tons total weight Closed for vehicles of all kinds Closed for through traffic (In case the points are replaced by rings. Closed for bicycles and motorcycles Closed for motor vehicles except motorcycles Closed for motor vehicles of all kinds thr urcClosed for werboten Closed for motor vehicles over 5.) 4. Warning signs on railway crossings in territory of German "Reich" Railroad. Railroad crossing with gates One track railroad crossing without gates Multiple railroad crossing without gates .App. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 3. . Signs for permanent blockings. *Su" mu. it indicates a blocking for Sundays and holidays only.

Traffic signs. Closed for motorcars . General.-a. Traffic directions. Parking place Caution First-aid station 73 . To the right One-way street Straight on Turn to the right Turn to the right or straight on Sign to stop at customs stations c. Indication signs.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION App.Closed for motorcycles No stopping No parking Bicycle track Maximum weight Closed for vehicles over 6 feet 6 inches wide Maximum speed b. 5.

Cross gutter Curve Cross road Caution. Warning signs.App. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION d. dangerous point Observe the right of precedence in the main streets Level crossing without gates Level crossing with gates Main road Closed for vehicles of all kinds One-way street Closed for motorcars Closed for motorcycles .

Nieder. IIIX. WM Marine. Sigmaringen Prov. IIIH.und' Oberschlesien IL IM IP IS IT IX IY IZ Reg. Schlesw. T fuir den Jagdkreis Y. I= post. SS-Wachtruppe. Westfalen Reg. Kennzeichen fir Kraftfahrzeuge im Deutschen Reiche (symbols for motor vehicles in the German Reich). 6. Prov. Ostpreul en IE Prov. Hannover Prov. Wehrmacht: WH Heer. DR Reichsbahn PREUIEN: IA Landespolizeibezirk Berlin IB Prov. WL Luftwaffe Behorden: SS-Verfiigungstruppe. Grenzmark (PosenWestpreul3en) IC Prov. Stuttgart D. Pommern IK Prov. Z fiir den Donaukreis Bautzen Dresden Leipzig Chemnitz Zwickau . Brandenburg IH Prov. Diisseldorf Rheinprovinz BAYERN: IIA IIB IIC IID IIE Stadtbezirk Miinchen Oberbayern Niederbayern Pfalz Oberpfalz IIH IIN IIS IIU IIZ Oberfranken Stadtbezirk Niirnberg Ubriges Mittelfranken Unterfranken Schwaben-Neuburg OSTMARK: E Tirol A oder V Polizeidirektion Wien F Karnten K Polizeidirektion Graz H1 Steiermark ohne Graz L Polizeidirektion Linz W Vorarlberg B Niederdonau M Burgenland C Oberdonau ohne Linz D Salzburg SACHSEN: I II III IV V fiir fiir fir fur fur die die die die die Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft WURTTEMBERG: IIIA IIIC. M fur den Schwarzwaldkreis S. Sachsen Prov. IIIP. Hessen-Nassau Prov.-Bez.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION A App. RP ReichsPol Polizei.-Holst. E fiir den fibrigen Neckarkreis K.-Bez.

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION A IVB B HB HH VH Anhalt Baden Braunschweig Bremen Hamburg Hessen L M OI SL Saar Th Lippe MecKlenburg Oldenburg Schaumburg-Lippe Saargebiet Thiiringen FAHRVORSCHRIFTEN EUROPAISCHER LANDER. Irland. Postautos (gelbe Farbe) weichen auf Bergstral3en nach der Bergseite hinaus. RECHTS AUSWEICHEN. LINKS AUSWEICHEN. RECHTS UBERHOLEN: Grolbritannien. LINKS UBERHOLEN: Belgien Bulgarien Danemark Danzig Deutschland Estland Finnland Frankreich Griechenland Italien Jugoslavien Lettland Liechtenstein Litauen Luxemburg Monaco Niederlande Norwegen Polen Portugal Ruminien Rulland Schweiz Die schweiz. Tschechoslowakei. . Ungarn. RECHTS FAHREN. Spanien Tiirkei LINKS FAHREN.App. Schweden.

v. ULIO. B BG BR C CH CO CS D DA DK E ET EW F FL GB IR L LR LT MC N Tschechoslowakei NL Deutschland P PA Danzig Danemark PE PL Spanien R Agypten Estland RC Frankreich u.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION App.SF Irland SL GBY Malta SU GBZ Gibraltar TR Griechenland US GR H V Ungarn I Italien Y [A. A.) Tiirkei Ver. The Adjutant General. MARSHALL. Nordam. Kolonien S Liechtenstein SE Grol3britannien und Nord. GOVERNMENT PRINTINGOFFICE: 1943 . Vatikan Jugoslavien BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: G. NATIONALITATSZEICHEN FUR KRAFTFAHRZEUGE. G. R. Chief of Staf. Major General. C. St. S. d. S. OFFICIAL: J.. 062. S. 77 U.11 (2-11-43).] Belgien Bulgarien Brasilien Cuba Schweiz Columbien Iran Luxemburg Lettland Litauen Monaco Norwegen Niederlande Portugal Panama Peru Polen Ruminien China Schweden Irischer Freistaat Finnland Syrien und Libanon Rui3land (U.

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