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German Army Id 1943

German Army Id 1943

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THIS HANDBOOK was prepared at the Military Intelligence

Training Center, Camp Ritchie, Maryland, and is designed to provide a ready reference manual for intelligence personnel in combat operations. The need for such a manual was so pressing that some errors and omissions are anticipated in the current edition. Any suggestions as to additions, or errors noted, should be reported directly to the Commandant, Military Intelligence Training Center, for correction in later editions.

513748 -- 43---1



Left to right: Soldier (noncommissioned officer candidate-note silver cord across outer edge of shoulder strap), air force captain (belongs to staff, probably Air Ministry), SS Obergruppenfiihrer Josef Dietrich (commander SS Division Adolf Hitler and chief of SS Oberabschnitt Ost), Hitler, Reichsfihrer SS Heinrich Himmler (head of the SS and German police).


SECTION I. General. military organizations --______

Identification of German military and semi1

II. German Order of Battle. Definition--___------------------------_
Purpose and scope --__ ___--------


III. The German Army (Das Deutsche Heer). Uniforms and equipment-------_------German Army identifications of specialists - -


Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe) ___- __ Enlisted men (Mannschaften)__ _____ Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere) .-Officers (Offiziere)--------------.--------German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke)_ "Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte) _ "Ersatz" system_------- ------------__---------Pay book (Soldbuch) ---IV. The German Air Force (Luftwaffe). Uniform and insignia---------------------Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben) _----- Special uniforms and insignia---------------_ -- --Insignia of rank-flying uniform __ Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army-------------_-------Corps of Engineers-----------------------Corps of Navigational Experts_----------Medical Corps--------------------------Musicians----------------------- -----V. The German Navy (Die Deutsche Kriegsmarine). General--------------------------------Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine)-----------------------

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

__-----_ 28 National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen)__________ 29 Insignia of rank of SA. German police (Deutsche Polizei) ---. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA. SS.31 32 Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP) ____ Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend) -____ _ Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter)___ APPENDIX. semimilitary and political organizations (Deutsche Polizei.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Paragraph SECTION VI.____ 25 Semimilitary and political organizations___ 26 Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS)___ _ 27 Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service (Dienstgradabzeichen des Reichsarbeitsdienstes R. Traffic signs (Verkehrszeichen) 33 34 35 Page _______ 67 . und der NSKK) _________-------------------30 Insignia on uniform of the German police (Uniform-Abzeichen der Deutschen Polizei) __ Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen) .) --. A. D. SS. Halbmilitarische und Politische Verbinde). Police.

This is true because the division is the unit in the German Army which ordinarily does not change. This tendency may well be used in associating German insignia of rank with our own. By the term "Order of Battle. Definition.-______ 1 1. SECTION II GERMAN ORDER OF BATTLE Paragraph Definition--______----- ____----------. however. and insignia are often changed. (2) Order of Battle-Location gives the disposition of known enemy army units and includes all information as to actual unit locations. It is second nature to make comparisons. The outline presented is as nearly accurate and complete as available sources permit (up to January 1. are generally based on the various German divisions. while existing in some instances. for example. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 1-3 SECTION I GENERAL Paragraph Identification of German military and semimilitary organizations. without advance notice to the enemy. and armament. Order of Battle information is generally divided into two parts: Order of Battle---Strength. as well as changes in organization.-a. Identification of German military and semimilitary organizations." is meant all known information of the enemy army.Pars. are not the rule. movements.----------- _------------- 2 3 Purpose and scope------------------------------------------------- 2. the student will find that direct equivalents. such as the Navy and Air Force. which operate with the army in the field. (1) Order of Battle-Strength is a compilation of all of the units of the enemy armies and of those organizations of the other services. 3. The German Army and German semimilitary organizations are very flexible in their structure.-a.-a. Purpose and scope. b. Uniforms. 1943). and Order of Battle-Location. equipment. The student must possess sufficient adaptability to make corrections and adjustments if and when the need for them arises. It is well to approach the subject with this fact in mind. and concentration areas. equipment. Publications of data with respect to Order of Battle information regarding the German Army. In the case of a German infantry division. b. for a multitude of reasons. .

Naturally. an outline of the high command and general bases of organization of the enemy Army. The mobilization of the German armed forces was accomplished within the administrative framework of the Wehrkreise. which are of interest to intelligence officers: engagements and campaigns in which enemy units have taken part. because individuals in those units as a whole act according to local patterns of behavior. In addition to identifying information such as that indicated above. This means that when a single regiment of a known German division is identified. and correction as individual units are identified.Par. enemy military symbols and abbreviations. SECTION III THE GERMAN ARMY (DAS DEUTSCHE HEER) Paragraph --_----____________------Uniforms and equipment ____________ German Army identifications of specialists---__----------------------------------Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe)____---------- 4 5 6 . the presence of the other previously identified units of that division can be inferred with reasonable assurance of accuracy. their battle reputations. which correspond to our service commands. As a result. Publications based on Order of Battle information contain data which identify the home stations or areas in Germany from which the soldiers in particular units originate. confirmation. morale. c. new editions of publications based on Order of Battle information are issued frequently. those regiments ordinarily do not leave the division. Publications based on collected Order of Battle data on the German Army ordinarily show the composition of known German divisions. publications based on Order of Battle information may contain data such as the following. It is important for intelligence officers to know from what part of Germany particular units come. uniform identifications. b. Germany is divided into territorial administrative commands called Wehrkreise. lists of senior Army officers with their commands. d. information of this kind is subject to constant supplement. They may be cross-indexed in such a way as to enable one who has identified a particular German regiment to identify the division of which it is a part and also the other units included in the same division. 3 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION once it has been composed of certain infantry and artillery regiments. and probable casualties. methods of training and mobilizing the enemy Army. It is this means of enemy unit identification which makes Order of Battle information of such great practical value to intelligence officers. and descriptions of identification tags and pay books.


Enlisted men (Mannschaften) -------------------------------Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere)----_--_------------------Officers (Offiziere)-----__--------------___---------------------German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke) ---------------------"Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte) ------------___ --------"Ersatz" system-------------. ___ ---------------------------------Pay book (Soldbuch)___------------------------------------ _

7 8 9 10 11 12 13

4. Uniforms and equipment.-a. Field uniform (Feldanzug)(1) Blouse (Feldbluse).-Officers and enlisted men wear the same blouse, which is made of greenish-gray cloth with a collar of a darker shade. The collar is normally worn fastened up tightly around the neck, but under field conditions the blouse is sometimes worn open around the neck, with the collar folded back. No uniform shirt is worn under the blouse. (2) Trousers (Hosen).-Dismounted officers wear trousers of gray cloth which are tucked into half length black boots. The same equipment is worn by the enlisted men. Mounted officers and enlisted men wear gray trousers with leather facings, and riding boots. (3) Overcoat (Mantel).-The overcoat is double-breasted and made of gray cloth. The same type of coat is worn by officers and enlisted

(4) Field cap (Feldmiitze).-The field cap is made of greenish-gray cloth, can be worn under helmet, and is worn by officers and enlisted men of all troops except mountain units and some personnel of the armored troops. The officer's field cap is of better quality and has silver piping along the top seam and top edge of the turn-up. Two insignia are embroidered on the front of the field cap: the Reichskokarde, which is just above the lower edge of the cap, and the national insignia, which is just below the upper edge. (5) Steel helmet (Stahlhelm).-The steel helmet is worn by officers and men in the field. It is made of seamless sheet steel and is painted inside and out with rust-resisting gray matt paint. Lugs are drilled on either side of the helmet so that a face shield can be.worn. Painted on the right side of the helmet is a shield with the national colors. Painted on the left side of the helmet is a shield with the national insignia (no national colors in some recent instances). (6) Pack (Tornister).-The pack carried by the foot soldier looks almost square when in position on a soldier's back. It is made of heavy canvas with leather binding around the edges and is held in position by leather straps. Blankets, shelter-half, and camouflage sheet (if present) are rolled into a long roll which is buckled over the top and sides of the pack. The pack (Tornister) is replaced by a





haversack (Rucksack) in the case of mountain troops. The haversack is also made of canvas, but is of nonrigid construction. (7) Other equipment.-Other equipment includes canteen, gas mask, gas cape, entrenching tool, and side arms. The gas cape is a protection against poison gas. (Cover made of impregnated cloth.) b. Field uniform of special units.-(1) Armored force (Panzertruppen).--Personnel of tank units wear a loose-fitting black uniform and steel helmet. (Collar patch of black uniform has skull and two crossed bones as insignia.) Panzerkraftwagen 38 T and medium armored troop-carrier personnel wear the same uniform but with the black beret. Beret shows national insignia and Reichskokarde with oak leaves. (2) Mountain troops and Mountain(Jager) Battalions. (Gebirgstruppen und Gebirgsjagerbataillone).-These units wear a mountain cap similar to the overseas cap worn by other arms or services but with the addition of a visor of the same material, the ordinary type of service blouse, gray cloth trousers fastened around the ankles by puttees, and ankle boots, with snowshoes attached for operation in snow. They may also be equipped with long, white coveralls with hoods. (3) Reconnaissance parties (Aufklarungstruppen).-These are also equipped with white coveralls similar to those of mountain troops when operating in snowy weather. (4) Smoke units (Nebeltruppen).-These units are equipped with leather suits consisting of jacket and breeches. (5) Parachute troops (Fallschirmjager).-Parachute troops have a brimless steel helmet with a chin and neck strap. Loose gray trousers and blouse are worn under a special coverall which has some 50 pockets. Also gauntlet gloves and boots with rubber soles are used. A leather belt is supported by two front straps fastened through a ring to a single strap in back. c. Distinguishing features-(1) Collar patch (Kragenspiegel).-(a) There are three types of collar patches on the field blouses consisting of1. Two horizontal bars of an aluminum woven lace (Doppellitze), each bearing centrally a stripe of color indicating arm of service or two outer color lines with center line of bluish dark green color. The color of arm of service is the "Waffenfarbe." 2. Outer and center color line of bluish dark green color, 3.' Field gray woven. All three color lines of mouse gray color (Einheitslitze).
NOTE.-The collar patch as described under 1 and 2 above is no longer issued and will be rarely found on the front as the Einheitslitze as described under S above is in general use today.







(b)Collar patches of tank units are black with pink piping and white skull and crossbones. (2) Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen).-Strapsare of the same color as uniform. Piping denotes color of arm of service. Company number (from private up to and including highest ranking noncommissioned officer) is shown on field gray button near the collar. The regimental number is shown in the color of the arm of service (Waffenfarbe) on enlisted men up to and including the Unterfeldwebel (staff sergeant). The strap of all noncommissioned officers is also bordered by a silver strip and certain noncommissioned officers have silver stars and silver regimental numbers. For company officers it is flat, solid silver laces or tape with golden regimental numbers, and gold stars except for the second lieutenant (Leutnant). For field officers it is heavy braided silver lace, golden regimental numbers, and gold stars except for the major. For generals, the strap is two heavy gold strands braided with one silver strand, and silver stars except for the Generalmajor, but showing no regimental number. There is no company number on the buttons securing officers' shoulder straps. The buttons on the shoulder straps of all officers excepting generals are of silver and those of generals are of gold color. d. Insignia (Abzeichen)-(1) National insignia (Hoheitsabzeichen).Spread eagle over a swastika (Hakenkreuz). It is found on the left side of the steel helmet (but the wings are folded). On the field and mountain cap, it is in silver thread on a gray background. On the beret it is silver thread on black background. On the service blouse, dull silver cloth above right breast pocket. (Generals in gold.) (2) National Rosette (Reichskokarde).-Small circular insignia in black, white, and red. Worn on all headgear below the national insignia except on the steel helmet. It is flanked by oak leaves on all visored caps except on the mountain cap and field cap. (3) National colors (Nationalfarben).-Black, white, and red.
NOTE.-Since 1939 the undesirable display of regimental and company numbers and numerical identification of other detachments was avoided, first by temporary measures such as covering them up, and later by issuing plain shoulder straps with piping.

513748 °-43---2




e. National Insignia of the Armed Forces (Hoheitsabzeichen der Wehrmacht).

Miitzen-Hoheitsabzeichen Luftwaffe (cap national insignia of air force)

Mtitzen-Hoheitsabzeichen, Heer silbern, Kriegsmarine golden (cap national insignia, Army silver, Navy gold)

Hoheitsabzeichen fuir Rock u. Feldbluse (national insignia for coat and field blouse of the air force)

Hoheitsabzeichen ffir Rock u. Feldbluse, Heer silbern, Kriegsmarine golden (national insignia for coat and field blouse; Army silver, Navy gold)

Left side Stahlhelm Luftwaffe (steel helmet, air force)

Right side

Left side
Stahlhelm fir Heer und Kriegsmarine (steel helmet for Army and Navy)

Right side

can also show Hoheitsabzeichen (infantry) . Parachutists helmet (air force). Mountain cap. Field cap. 4 1.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. officers and enlisted men 4. Field cap. turn-up. officers. badge. enlisted men 2. crown piped with silver 3.

fen SS) Militarized SS. tank personnel (black uniform only) 3. Beret 2. 3 Rank desiqnation like in - Political SS (not like Wehrmacht) 1.Par. will always appear in collarpatch of all Waffen SS. helmet . 4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARIRMY IDENTIFICATION pink piping 1 Badge silver grayEM silver thread-Off. Collar patch. Militarized SS (Waf- 44.

buckle showing (Koppelschloss). canteen (Feldflasche) and rations bag (Brotbeutel). brim type. Gas mask over right hip. sharp spade.Par. bayonet. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 4 German Rifleman Deutscher Schijtze Helmet. short. 3 each side. BACK VIEW RIGHT SIDE . leather. belt (Koppel). Long trousers tucked into half-length boots. Ammunition pouches.

Luftf. Oberbefehlsh. Handelsflagge m. u. Flaggen (flags).Par. Eisern. 4 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION f. Fiihrers u. Kreuz (flag of the Merchant Marine with Iron Cross) Gisch der Kriegsschiffe (Navy flag) Reichsdienstflagge ("Reich" service flag) Reichskriegsflagge ("Reich" war flag) Standarte d. Obersten Befehlshabers der Wehrmacht (standard of the leader and supreme commander of the armed forces) Standarte des Oberbefehlshabers des Heeres (standard of the commander in chief of the Army) Kommandozeichen des Reichsministers d. d. der Luftwaffe (standard of the Air Minister and commander in chief of the air force) Flagge des Oberbefehlshabers der Kriegsmarine (flag of the commander in chief of the navy) .



-Specialists (technicians) are mostly noncommissioned officers (from Unteroffizier to Oberfeldwebel). Worked in yellow wool on dark blue-green cloth background. Specialists' insignia are worn on the right lower sleeve.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 5 5. Medical personnel (Sanitatsunterpersonal) Saddler candidate (Truppensattlermeister-Anwsrter) Paymaster candidate (Anwarter fur die Heeres-Zahlmeisterlaufbahn) Motor maintenance sergeant (harness sergeant if horse outfit) (Schirrmeister) 513478°-43-- 3 13 . except where otherwise noted. German Army identifications of specialists.

Par. 5 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION (Wallmeister) Pigeoneer (sergeant) (Brieftaubenmeister) Pyrotechnician (Feuerwerker) S Fortification construction sergeant (Festungspionier-Feldwebel) .

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 5 Horseshoeing instructor (Hufbeschlaglehrmeister) *Horseshoers (personnel) (Hufbeschla:gpersonal) Radio sergeant (Funkmeister) Ordnance sergeant (Waffenmeister' .

(Flash in "Waffenfarben") Army mountain guide (Heeresbergfiihrer). This insignia is worn on the left upper sleeve. This insignia is worn on the left upper sleeve. 5 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Helmsman (Steuermann). Worked in white rayon on dark green background Communication personnel (other than Signal Corps) (Nachrichtenpersonal). This insignia is worn on the left lower arm. This insignia is worn on left lower arm .Par. insignia is worn on the left breast This Gunlayer artillery (Richtkanonier). (Anchor in silver embroidery) Operator smoke troops (Bedienungspersonal Nebelabteilung).

War Department and General Staff (Reiehskriegsministerium und Generalstab). Golden yellow (goldgelb). Light green (hellgrin). "A" and number of regiment or battalion. "E. Carmine red (karmesin rot). of regiof regi- White (weiss)_-- White (weiss) -_ "W. Golden yellow (goldgelb). Infantry regiments (Infanterie-Regimenter)." Pink (rosa) ---White (weiss) -- Zug). Infantry (Gebirgsjigerregimenter und Jagerbataillone). "P" and number of battalion. "D" and number of division. Army corps headquarters (Generalkommando) . infantry (Fallschirmjiger-Einheiten). (MaschiMachine-gun battalion nengewehrbataillon). "FJ. No numbers. No numbers. Infantry (Aufklirungsregimenter und -abteilungen). Guard Battalion "Vienna" (Wachbataillon "Wien"). White (weiss) _White (weiss)-_- No numbers. Number ment. Reconnaissance regiments or battalions. General headquarters of army (Oberkommando des Heeres). Bicycle battalions (Radfahrer-Abteilungen). White (weiss) __ Pink (rosa) ___ Pink (rosa) ---- "G" and Arabic number." (10) (11) (12) White (weiss) -_ White (weiss)-_- Golden yellow (goldgelb). Roman number of corps." "M" and number of battalion. Cavalry and horse regiments (Kavallerie-und Reiterregimenter). No numbers. (15) . Colors of arms of service (Waffenfarbe). HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 6 6. Infantry Regiment "Greater Germany"(Infanterieregiment "GrossDeutschland).Par. Arm of service Colors Shoulder straps Generals (Generale)-_ _____- General headquarters of armed forces (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht). (14) "R" and number of battalion. "D" and number of division. Mountain Jager Regiments and Jager Battalions. Armored train (Eisenbahn-Panzer- Bright red (hochrot). Carmine red (karmesin rot). Armored division headquarters (Panzer-Divisionsstab). Parachute units. Number ment. Antitank battalions of armored division (Panzerjiger-Abteilungen der Panzer-Division). Infantry division headquarters (Infanterie-Divisionsstab). Army group headquarters (Heeresgruppenkommando). Carmine red (karmesin rot). (13) Number of regiment.-To be found on shoulder strap piping and field cap at all times and may be found on the collar patch.

(23) Gothic "Fp. (16) "R" and number of unit.Violet (violet)___ Panzer reconnaissance units of Panzer or motorized division (PanzerAufklarungs-Abteilungen d e r motorisierten oder Panzerdivision). Light blue (hellblau). Medical battalions (Sanitatsabteilungen). Latin "K. 6 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Arm of service Artillery regiments (Artillerieregimenter) . Latin "F" if formed on or after mobilization. Copper brown (kupferbraun). (21) Number of battalion. Cornflower blue (kornblumenblau). Violet (violet)__ Chaplains (Heeresgeistliche) ______ Field signal command (Feldnachrichtenkommandantur). Smoke units (Nebelabteilungen)_ _ _. (22) Gothic "Fp" if unit existed in peacetime. Veterinary lungen). Motorcycle battalion in armored division (Kraftradschiitzenbataillone)." Roman numeral in Wehrkreis. Colors Shoulder straps Number of regiment." Gothic "Fl. Antiaircraft battalions (Flak-Bataillone).Par. (17) "B" and number of unit. Horse-drawn artillery regiments (Berittene Artillerieregimenter). Bright red (hochrot)." (28) Fortress engineer commander (Festungspionierkommandeur). (25) Number of division. Lemon yellow (zitronengelb). Bright red (hochrot). Observation battalions (Beobachtungsabteilungen). (24) Number of battalion. Transportation battalions (Kraftfahr-und Fahrabteilungen). Engineer battalions (Pionierbataillone). (20) Bright red (hochrot). (18) "N" and number of battalion. Fortress engineers (Festungspioniere). (19) "A" and number of unit. Rank of regimental commander. Signal battalions (Nachrichtenabteilungen). units (Veterinarabtei- Black (schwarz) Black (schwarz) Lemon yellow (zitronengelb). White (weiss)-__ . Gothic "Fp" or Latin "F" plus Arabic numbers 1-50. Fortress engineer headquarters (Festungspionierstab). Number of battalion. Carmine red (k a r m e s i n rot). (26) Number of division. Black (schwarz)l Black (schwarz) "K" and number of unit. Grass green (grasgriin). (27) No shoulder straps.

Landesschitzen-Einheiten).." (29) (30) NOTE. brown Construction units (Bau-Einheiten) _ Light (hellbraun). brown band with "Feldgendarmerie" in silver inscribed on lower left arm.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. Field officers (Stabsoffiziere) wear shoulder straps with two heavy silver laces twisted. 9. green Dark Officials (Beamte) --------------(dunkelgriin).-Noncommissioned officers have a dull silver lacing all around the collar of the field blouse. with piping. latest type consists of three lines in mouse gray (Einheitslitze). White (weiss)__. Insignia of rank is worn on left sleeve in dull silver chevrons. . Collar patch is plain. 6-9 Arm of service Military police (Feldgendarmerie) - Colors Orange (orange) - Shoulder straps No number.-All officers have either the old style officer's collar patch (as illustrated) or the new standard collar patch (Einheitslitze) which is worn by officers and enlisted men. Black (schwarz)_ Railway engineers (Eisenbahnpioniere). dark green on a foundation in the color of the arm of service. The number of an officer's battalion or regiment is in gold metal. Enlisted men (Mannschaften) . Latin "Fz.Shoulder strap is plain.-The numbers in parentheses on right-hand margin correspond to the numbers in the chart on the following page. Light blue (hellAdministration of ordnance storesblau). Company numbers do not appear. Latin "L" plus Arabic number of regiment or battalion. Nazi eagle Sand swastika surrounded by oak wreath on upper left arm. Light green (hellSome local defense units (Einige griin). Their regimental number is also in the color of the arm of service. enlistedmen(Feldzeugkommando). 8. Noncommissioned officers (Unteroffiziere). The dark green background of the shoulder strap is bordered by a silver strip around which is a narrow braid in the distinctive color of the wearer's arm of service. 7. The shoulder strap of company officers (lieutenants and captains) consists of four flat silver laces with piping in the color of the arm of service.-Corporals in the German Army are classed as enlisted men. Local defense units (LandesschiitzenEinheiten). Officers (Offiziere). Latin "E" and Arabic numeral of unit. NOTE.

9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 21 11 3 13 5 15 16 ° 17 18 19 20 J .Par.

9 cc c i-+C '0 C)' Oc ' O 513748'-43--4 .HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.

Also has two silver stripes on both lower sleeves Oberfahnrich (officer aspirant senior grade). straps same as above dull silver star ~ k~X~p) ~F~n ~4~ ~e. Shoulder strap same as Oberfeldwebel. Same shoulder straps as Feldwebel. (technical sergeant). This grade has lately been abolished Stabsfeldwebel or Stabswacht= meister (regimental sergeant major). only numbers of regiment or battalion in silver. Shoulder strap same as Oberfeldwebel. Same as Unteifeldwebel. approximate American equivalent). Number of regiment or battalion in color of arm of service Fahnrich (officer aspirant junior grade). Same as Feldwebel. ~s~iraf~a~P~ Oberfeldwebel or Oberwacht(battalion sergeant meister major. but with two silver stars Hauptfeldwebel or Hauptwachtmeister (first sergeant). but he has officer's collar patch. Embroidered number of regiment or battalion in color of arm of service (cavalry: Unterfeldwebel unterwachtmeister). Only noncommissioned officer with silver strip open on arm end. This grade has lately been abolished Feldwebel cavalry) Shoulder with one (or Wachtmeister. but with three silver stars ~BB~ i~d~t~ ~2~ ~ ~ta~j~i c~ .Par. 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS Unteroffizier (sergeant).

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. 9 Noncommissioned-officer candidate (Gefreiter) Unteroffiziersanwar ter .

Par. 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION The soldier on the left is an Obergefreiter (corporal with less than 6 years service). The instrument is a German BC telescope . On the right is an Unteroffizier (noncommissioned officer).

Band masters. Two gold stars on shoulder straps b. Leutnant (second lieutenant). shoulder strap Oberst (colonel).Par. Company officers. Major (major). . Shoulder strap has no star EIK ' Oberstleutnant (lieutenant colOne gold star on onel). Two gold stars on shoulder strap c. Shoulder strap has one gold star F~f~ Hauptmann (Rittmeister in the cavalry) (captain). However. No stars on shoulder straps Oberleutnant (first lieutenant).-Band masters rate a salute from all noncommissioned officers and enlisted men. Field officers. they do not outrank any commissioned officers even though they may hold a higher corresponding rank. Lowest ranking officer. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 9 a.

Two silver stars Generaloberst (colonel general). Generalmajor (major general). One silver star 0 General der Infanterie.Par. senior. junior. Band master. 9 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Musikmeister. lyre and numeral gold-colored metal. metal. Three silver stars AWIM~1 Generalfeldmarschall (field marshal). Band master. No star on shoulder strap GENERAL OFFICERS . Rank of first lieutenant Stabsmusikmeister. Chief band master. Two crossed batons = 0 . but two gold-colored metal stars. piped in Waffenfarbe. but one gold-colored star. red and aluminum cords. Rank of captain E. same as Obermusikmeister. (general).. Rank of second lieutenant - Obermusikmeister. same as Musikmeister. etc. C rAr eA+( Generalleutnant (lieutenant general).


Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Can you detect the ranks of these men? .

which is usually worn around the neck. Each half bears identical markings. AB.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. and also no piping on their straps. but have red strips on the seams of their trousers. 168 is the personal number. Generals have neither regimental nor company numbers. is oval in shape. The tag also bears a letter or two letters indicating to which blood group he belongs (A. It is divided into an upper and a lower part by perforations. or O).Veterinary. and a number. It is believed that every German officer and soldier carries an identification tag. The tag is made of zinc. b. Identification tags captured up to the present bear only the unit. German identification tag (Erkennungsmarke). Medical.-a. 10. Blood group "A" 9th Company of the 61st 513748*--43--5 . Generals (Generale). Infantry Regiment. The shoulder strap is formed by the interweaving of two heavy gold laces with one silver lace.-All medical officers carry on their shoulder straps in addition a caduceus. The identification tag seldom shows the unit in which the man concerned is now serving unless he has lost the original disk issued to him on being assigned to a depot unit and his present unit has issued a replacement. Reserve officers have their shoulder straps on a second mouse gray underlay. c. e. and measures about 2 by 2% inches. This number is also inscribed on the first page of the pay book (Soldbuch).-The collar patch consists of a gold leaf on a red background. The tag may record the existence of a previously unidentified unit. the lower half of the tag is broken off and sent back to Germany and the upper half is buried with the body. When a man is killed. All veterinary officers carry only winding snake (caduceus without a stick). subunit. B. and Reserve oficers. A captured identification tag of the old type. 9-10 d. A report should always be made of the entries on the tags.

1st Company of 111th Infantry Regiment (formerly Regiment). Stb. Abw. 7 Pz. means Staff.Par. Blood group "O" of 87th Infantry . Blood group "0" 83 is the personal number. 10 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 8 is the personal number. means 7th Division Antitank Battalion.

11-12 The new type identification tag." b. other construction personnel. "Wehrmacht" officials (Wehrmachtbeamte). Classification. These officials hold administrative positions and are often referred to as "civilian officials in the Army. Bibliothek. (8) Officials at remount stations (Wehrmachtbeamte der Remonteverwaltungen) -gold yellow. Heeressportlehrer) -dark green. Definition.-Dark green. libraries. .-a. 36 is the personal number 11. (4) Engineers (Truppeningenieure). Navy. and sports (Wehrmachtbeamte des Bildungs-. (2) Officials for education. etc. (6) Judge Advocate Department (lower grades) (Heeresjustizbeamte)-light blue. (7) Pharmacists (Apotheker)-light green. technical instructors. (1) War Ministry officials (Wehrmachtbeamte des Reichskriegsministeriums)-carmine red.-black.-"Wehrmacht" is a German word having no exact American translation but including the Army. five-digit serial number indicates field post number which is that of the messing unit.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON Pars. Field army (Feldheer) and replacement army (Ersatzheer). and Air Corps.und Vermessungswesen. (5) Service command administration officials (Wehrmachtbeamte der Wehrkreisverwaltungen)-bright red. Indicated by secondary color (Nebenfarbe).-a. c. topography.-Unitsin the German Army are allocated to the field army (Feldheer) or to the replacement army (Ersatzheer). Basic colors (Waffenfarbe). "Ersatz" system. (3) Court-martial officials (trained lawyers) (Reichskriegsgerichtsbeamte)-wine red. (9) Paymasters (Heereszahlmeister)-white. 12.

and the Ersatz Nachrichten (signal) company. In the same way. replacement units are sent into the theater of war in order to have personnel replacements more readily available. The replacement army turns over to the field army trained and equipped combat units as well as trained replacements for existing combat organizations. and initial unit training. and generally all units not assigned to the field army. all bearing the number of the division.-(1) Each infantry regiment has one Ersatz battalion of the same number. all those in rest areas. to provide personnel for two units of the field army instead of only one as in accordance with the original system. The three infantry regiments of a division are usually served by two replacement training battalions. and it is further possible that each active unit. For example.Par. b. the Ersatz infantry gun company (13). it is intended that replacement training units should be permanently affiliated with specific field army units. The replacement army has charge of all mobilization. Every unit in the field army has a replacement unit in the replacement army. (2) One infantry replacement training regiment may serve one or two field army divisions. and the PAKAbteilung have an Ersatz company. There is a possibility that active infantry regiments (as in the last war) have two Ersatz battalions (yet unconfirmed). Nachrichten-Abteilung (signal battalion). The three Ersatz battalions of the three infantry regiments of the infantry division are then grouped into one Ersatz infantry regiment which will bear the number of the division. This replacement unit contains a reserve of trained personnel to replace losses in the combat unit. a replacement training unit is likely. In general. The replacement army has charge of all units in training except those preparing for a specific task force assignment. In some cases. Included in this Ersatz regiment are the Ersatz PAK company (14). The Ersatz battalion is permanently stationed in the Wehrkreis (administrative corps area) of the infantry regiment. each artillery regiment has an Ersatz artillery Abteilung (battalion) which bears the same number (regiment). all those being refitted. to make all infantry divisions equal in value. in most cases. basic training. 12 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION The field army contains all units participating in operations or which are specifically assigned to task forces. Other divisional units also have Ersatz units which bear the number of the division. The engineer battalion. will have the same number of Ersatz units. a proportion of the officers of the replacement training unit will have seen service at the front with the field army unit and convalescent soldiers are attached to a convalescent company (Genesenden-Kompanie) of the replacement . Organization of Ersatzheer. Similarly.

the system becomes less rigid. (4) From the foregoing it will be clear that the identification of the number and location of Ersatz infantry battalions gives the number and Wehrkreis of origin of the infantry regiment of the same number and the identification of other Ersatz units the number and Wehrkreis of origin of the corresponding division. army. This has. Further evidence is necessary before this point is definitely established. troops are numbered and organized. Ersatz units are attached to divisional Ersatz units. In times of stress. 12-13 training unit before returning to the field. the depot unit (Ersatz unit) in which he was first trained. however. army.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICAT'IIO Pars. The soldier's Soldbuch (pay book) is particularly valuable. and other information the prisoner may have given at interrogation. however. principally from reports from inside Germany.-Although pay books are not to be carried into battle. corps. Pay book (Soldbuch). rank. Gives a description of the prisoner (as to build. Serves as a check on inscription and number of identification disk carried by the prisoner.). which distributes them to the units where they are required. d. (3) It is not yet known definitely how the Ersatz units of GHQ. the recruits from that district report not at the unit replacement training center. in addition. but at a central Wehrkreis-ErsatzDepot from which they are conducted in groups to their replacement training commander. The examination of captured prisoners and documents is. (6) Trained recruits arriving in small groups from the home command are sent to a Frontsammelstelle (front assembly point). corps. It seems probable that nondivisional units have Ersatz units bearing the same numbers as the units themselves. color of hair. etc. as page 4 gives the Ersatz unit of the soldiers' units. height. . eyes. b. Shows the unit in which the holder is serving and. possible that GHQ.. c. etc. however. The identification of Ersatz units is thus of the greatest importance. of very great importance in this respect. (5) In cases where the replacement training units are absent from their home district. on the other hand. etc. It is. at the moment. not been definitely confirmed by the numbers of the Ersatz units so far identified. Serves the intelligence officer as a check on name. Information about Ersatz units is derived. The pay book (Soldbuch)a. the units of the field army (Feldheer) in which he has served previously.. 13. United Nations troops may capture them in the course of offensive operations.

Gives a complete record of all payments made by paymaster and aids in identifying recent location of his unit or changes in the official seals of the various paymasters.-A flying eagle is worn on the right breast of the blouse.-Same shape and same insignia of Army rank and grade. Literally. d. Uniform and insignia._--. Cap insignia. Steel helmet. Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben). Gives a record of equipment issued. Gives names and addresses of holder's relatives." "Waffen. including dates and places visited. f. SECTION IV THE GERMAN AIR FORCE (LUFTWAFFE) Paragraph Uniform and insignia----------.-Consistsof the rosette (Kokarde)._----------------------------__ - 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 14. and dental treatment. Collar patches. Wings (a type of rank insignia) are mounted on the collar patch. Officers wear silver national insignia. "farbe" means "color. g. i. flanked by oak leaves on spread wings. Uniform. hospital record. h." short for "Waffengattung. Gives a record of furloughs.-Same shape as the Army only the national insignia is a flying eagle.-Bluish green.Pars.-They are different from the Army in that the background is in the color of the arm of service. 13-15 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION and the depot units which supply replacements for various field army units. b. It also has piping in the color of arm of service.-------------------------------Colors of arm of service (Waffenfarben) _________------------___." means "arm of the service".-----. Enlisted men and noncommissioned officers wear gray national insignia." "Waffenfarben" is the generic name for the colors given to the different arms or services to distinguish them from each other. Gives dates of inoculations. Special uniforms and insignia ________ ____ ______ Insignia of rank-flying uniform __-__-_---____----_ .-a. Shoulder straps.-a. e. 15. but in the color of the air force uniform. in the term "Waffenfarbe. f.-----__________ Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army ____-______ Corps of Engineers------------. National insignia. details of eyesight. c. It is used as piping on 34 .---------------------------Corps of Navigational Experts -------------------------------------Medical Corps--------------------------_-___ _ Musicians ------------. e.

Silver lace on lower front edge from Unteroffizier up. (2) Shoulder straps. There is no Oberschiitze. on the whole. are General der Flieger and General der Flakartillerie. or Funker. Yellow (gelb)-Corps of navigational experts as a. The equivalents of General-der Infanterie. second shoulder strap underlay ("Nebenfarbe"). Golden brown (goldbraun). Dark blue (dunkelblau)-Medical (Sanitatsdienst). Kanonier.--Air Signal Corps (Luftnachrichtendienst). etc. Pink (rosa)-Engineer Corps (Pioniere). c.Color of the arm of service with silver wings. .IANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. the colors are apportioned as follows: In the air force White (weiss)--Generals and members of the General Goering Regiment. Silver braid (like Army) from Unteroffizier up and silver stars from Feldwebel up. Additional colors are worn by the following: Bright red (hochrot)-Noncommissioned officers and men of the General Goering Regiment wear this color as an edging to the collar patches..-Blue-gray with piping colored according to arm of service. Dark green (dunkelgrun)-Officials (Wehrmachtbeamte). (1) Collar patchesfor enlisted men and noncommissioned oficers. Red (rot)-Antiaircraft artillery (Flakartillerie). etc. Golden yellow (goldgelb)--Aviation units (Fliegerverbande). The ranks of the air force correspond. b. Carmine (karmesin)-General Staff officers (Generalstabsoffiziere). underlay of shoulder straps. Black (schwarz)-Air Ministry (Reichsluftministerium). to those of the Army with the exception that the lowest grade is known as Flieger. 15 the collar patch. Light green (hellgrin)--Air Raid Warning Service (Luftmeldedienst).

-Silver lace all around with silver leaf beneath wings. From sergeant to colonel. Special uniforms and insignia. Flying uniforms worn by flying officers and flying personnel show insignia of rank on both upper sleeves. See figure in paragraph 18. for generals. Gefreiter (lance corporal) / Obergefreiter (corporal) W Hauptgefreiter (corporal of longer service) (4) Company officer's collar patch.-a. immediately above the belt.-Gold lace all around and wings surrounded by gold wreath. 16. (5) Field officer's collar patch. (6) General's collar patch. See figure in paragraph 17. 15-16 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION (3) Badges of rank worn on left upper arm. inclusive. shows insignia in white. Special insignia of flying personnel of the German Luftwaffe and Army are worn on the left-hand side. .Pars. in gold.-Silver lace all around. wings surrounded by silver wreath. b.

General-Major nant (lieuten. General-Leut.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Shoulder straps (Achselklappe: Par. =J UJ Oberst (colonel) General-Oberst (no equivalent) General der Flieger (no equivalent) Shoulder straps (Achselklappen)-Continued Collar patches (Kragenspiegel)-Continued if Oberst-Leutnant (lieutenant colonel) Major (major) Hauptmann Ober-Leutnant Leutnant (sec(captain) (first lieutenant) ond lieutenant) 513748--43---6 . 16 Collar patches (Kragenspiegel) Ut .(major general) ant general) L.

16 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen) ARMY IDENTIFICATION Collar patches (Kragenspiegel) Oberfeldwebel (master sergeant) Feldwebel (first sergeant) Unterfeldwebel (staff sergeant) Unteroffizer (sergeant) Shoulder straps (Schulterklappen)-Continued Collar patches (Kragenspiegel)-Continued Hauptgefreiter (corporal with longer service) Obergefreiter (corporal) Gefreiter (lance corporal) Flieger (private) .Par.

-Worn on upper arm. both sleeves. 17 17. Insignia of rank-flying uniform. INSIGNIA OF RANK-FLYING UNIFORM WORN ON UPPER ARM.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. BOTH SLEEVES Sergeant Staff sergeant Technical sergeant Master sergeant Warrant officer Second lieutenant First lieutenant Captain Major Lieutenant colonel Colonel Brigadier general Major general Lieutenant general 39 .

Their Waffenfarbe is dark green. 21. 18_21 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTION 18. 20. wreath. aluminum. yellow. Radio operator or flight engineer (same as pilot) 6. aluminum.-Again following the custom of the Army. gold) 19. Pilot-observer (eagle.-Members of the Corps of Engineers who are in the Reserve use. Observer (same as pilot) 4. gold) 2. Parachute troops.-The ranks and badges of the Corps of Navigational Experts are the same as those of the Corps of Engineers. upper eagle. wreath. Officers up to the rank of colonel are distinguished . a second underlay of light blue on their shoulder straps and a piping of the same color on their badges. Pilot (eagle. Medical Corps. 1 _ 2 6 7 1. oxidized silver) 7. bright aluminum) 3. Corps of Navigational Experts. Parachute troops. Army (eagle. additional color. the medical personnel of the air force show the caduceus on their shoulder straps. Insignia of flying personnel of German Luftwaffe and Army. wreath. Corps of Engineers. Luftwaffe (eagle. gold. in addition to the ordinary pink Waffenfarbe of their arm of service. Aviation service medal (same as pilot) 5. oxidized silver.Pars. wreath. and swastika.

The officers have their collar patches and the underlay of their shoulder straps in the musicians' Waffenfarbe. When 0 Ai 22. with their badges in gilt. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 21-22 by their Waffenfarbe of dark blue. they change to orange. Musicians.Pars.-Officers and men wear the uniform of the unit in which they are serving. however. . serving in the reserve. Their shoulder straps are in gilt.


Members of antiaircraft artillery (88-mm dual purpose gun). . (Note air force insignia on steel helmets) .

both for commissioned and enlisted personnel. 24. S.) The national insignia (Hoheitsabzeichen) is worn above the right breast pocket and is in gold. . surrounded by gilt oak leaves and surmounted by a gilded national emblem. wear a blue "overseas" cap at sea. The full dress and other uniforms resemble ours. This cap is similar to the German field service cap (with gilt insignia. with the exception that the chin strap for all ranks is in black leather. c. 24. The German Navy headdress is similar to our own. d. Basically the present German naval uniform. higher grades wear gilt oak leaves as in the U. from flag officers on down. Shoulder straps on the navy blue uniform are worn more prevalently than in our service and follow the system of the German Army.Pars. but without any gilt on the visor. General. b. the insignia of rank on the sleeves is similar to that of the U. but without any piping). German naval personnel serving ashore in coastal batteries or as troops in the field (not as landing parties) wear the Army field gray. Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine). except that piping and braid are gilt.-a. 23-24 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SECTION V THE GERMAN NAVY (DIE DEUTSCHE KRIEGSMARINE) Paragraph General --------------------------------------_----------Insignia of rank of Navy (Dienstgradabzeichen der Kriegsmarine) -_-___-- -- 23 24 23. With the exception that in the lower grades the equivalent German rank is one-half stripe above our corresponding insignia. The cap insignia is the black-white-red cockade. S. is very similar to that of the former Imperial Navy. Warrant officers wear the same cap. Since the outbreak of the second World War. They are distinguished from the Army by having gold buttons and insignia. (See figures in par. but the white uniform has a roll collar. Navy. Officers up to and including the rank of lieutenant commander have a gold rim on the visor. Navy. all ranks and ratings.

zur See (midshipman man junior senior gra ide) grade) /^ ^ ^ JS^ ^(S Leutnant zur See (ensign) Oberleutnant zur See (lieutenant junior grade) Kapitanleutnant (lieutenant) Korvetten-Kapitan (lieutenant com- Fregatten-Kapitan (commander) mander) 11111 ~64~6 Kapitan zur See (captain) Konter-Admiral (rear admiral) Vize-Admiral (vice admiral) Admiral (admiral) General-Admiral (grand admiral of the fleet) .Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 24 Matrose (seaman third class) Stabsmatrose Obermatrose (seaman second (seaman first class) class) Oberstabsmatr (no United States equivalent) Obergefreiter (petty officer third class) Stabsgefreiter (petty officer second class) Bootsmannsmaat (petty officer first Oberbootsmannsmaat (chief petty Feldwebel (no United States equivalent) Oberfeldwebel (no United States class) officer) equivalent) Fghnrich zur Oberfahnrich See (midship.

Originally formed as protective squads for political meetings and bodyguards for the leaders of the party. it has been considerably expanded and is now widely employed.Pars..._. _ - 29 30 31 32 _ Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP) ------------------_. SS. SS. _ _ _ 33 34 35 25.. 25 26 27 28 Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service (Dienstgradabzeichen des ____ National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen)__ Insignia of rank of SA. _ -.-(1) Secret state police (Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo). _.-a.____ ___-__. ___ Insignia on uniform of the German police (Uniform-Abzeichen der Deutschen Polizei) --. SS (Schutzstafeln). and in permanent military units.---_------. D.-------------. Semimilitary and political organizations.-This is the corps d'elite of the National Socialist Party.. Hitler is the supreme head of the SS.. und der NSKK)--.. Security police (Sicherheitspolizei).. (1) The units of the SS fall into two distinct categories(a) Ordinary SS (Allgemeine SS) consists of part time volunteers employed for security purposes within Germany. SEMIMILITARY AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS (DEUTSCHE POLIZEI. __ Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen) .-The German police is divided intoa. (2) Rural constabulary (Gendarmerie)._------_ . 26. and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA..-. (b) Militarized SS (Waffen SS) is a fully militarized and perma- . Constabulary (Ordnungspolizei).-(1) City police (Schutzpolizei). b. The secret state police have as their special task the liquidation and prevention of all activity hostile to the regime. 25-26 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SECTION VI POLICE. Under him Himmler is the executive chief of the organization with headquarters in Berlin.) -___---__-_____ .__ Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend)_ Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter) ___ _ --. A. (2) Criminal police (Kriminalpolizei). German police (Deutsche Polizei). Reichsarbeitsdienstes R. both for internal security duties in Germany and German-occupied territories.. HALBMILITARISCHE UND POLITISCHE VERBANDE) Paragraph German police (Deutsche Polizei) --------------------------------Semiinilitary and political organizations ______________________________ Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS)_ _ _____ ___________.. -_-.

A. c. (b) Reich. D. National Socialist Mounted Corps (Nationalsozialistisches Reiterkorps) (N. and such companies are available in considerable numbers for service on the line of communication and in occupied countries. emblem (a spade head containing the Arabic number of the company) and.). S. is responsible for the premilitary and postmilitary training of German manpower in cooperation with the heads of the fighting services. formed into divisions and a number of independent brigades and regiments. A. A. d. A. (N. b. before beginning their military service. (7) Wachtregiment "Wien" (Guard regiment "Vienna"). National Labor Service (Reichsarbeitsdienst) (R. The majority have been absorbed into the Army.-(1) The functions of this organization are to assist the police in traffic control duties on the line of communication and to provide motor transport units (Brigaden) to supplement the transport services of the armed forces. K. 47 .).' (2) Nondivisional SS units are normally employed for mopping-up purposes along the line of communication. with variances mentioned in paragraph 27.-(1) All German men who are physically fit are normally required to perform 6 months' service in the R.). On the left sleeve is the R. R. also trains men in its motor 1 Waffen SS composed of Verfiigungstruppen: (1) Adolf Hitler's special bodyguard (Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler).HANDBOOK ON GEIRMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. K. a red arm band with a black swastika set in a white circle. D. (4) SS regiment "Horst Wessel" (Standarte "Horst Wessel").). where they provide additional manual labor for the Organisation Todt or the engineers. beneath it. D. 26 nently organized force. K. S. S. A. e.-Its function is to train young men to the standard of cavalry recruits of 6 months' service before they join the Army. (5) SS regiment "Planetta" (Standarte "Planetta"). (6) SS regiment The Fiihrer (Standarte Der Fiihrer). (2) Within Germany. They may also be employed on occasions on the front line subordinated to the nearest convenient army. K. Divisions: (a) Viking. K. National Socialist Motor Corps (National Sozialistisches Kraftfahrkorps). (3) The uniform is field gray as in the Army. the N. (2) SS regiment "Germania" (Standarte "Germania"). Storm Trooper Detachments (Sturm-Abteilungen) (S. A man who wishes to join a mounted arm of the service now has to be in possession of a certificate from this organization before he is accepted. (2) The uniform is brownish gray blouse with dark collar and slacks. (3) SS regiment "Deutschland" (Standarte "Deutschland").-The S. They are organized into companies under a cadre of permanent officers and noncommissioned officers. (c) Prinz Eugen.

--Its function is to organize the premilitary training of personnel destined for the air force. K. (5) About 8 inches from the bottom of the left cuff a narrow black band edged in white is worn. radiotelephone. A white SS or a skull and crossbones insignia is worn on the right collar patch. with the usual colored piping for the different arms and services. courses are held which include theoretical and practical instruction in. Its basic unit is the motor battalion (Motorstandarte). g. . 26-27 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION schools and training units for service with the army's mobile troops. e. At the technical schools of the N. (2) The collar patches are always black.-Waffen SS troops wear the ordinary field gray uniforms of the German Army. some points of difference.-(1) Right side-black SS on white shield. (6) A single chevron on the right upper arm denotes long service (distinguish from single chevron on left arm indicating Sturmmann). There are. and is worn on the cap or black crash helmet. air. For commissioned ranks they are edged with white cord.-Compulsory for all boys except those whose blood is not pure Aryan. (4) The national insignia is worn on the left upper arm and not on the right breast. 27. which carries a number in the series 1-400. or horse cavalry outfits. in particular the members of the flying section of the Hitler Youth. as well as in radiotelegraph. In the figure on page 49 the " Germania" is shown. National Socialist Flying Corps (National Sozialistisches . orf) in order to join panzer. f.-(1) The shoulder straps are always black. (7) A single chevron with a star on right upper arm denotes previous service in the police or armed forces. etc. Steel helmet. S. the construction of gliders. (2) Left side-black swastika in white circle on red shield. Field blouse. however. The national emblem is mounted on a wheel enclosing a swastika. bearing the name of the regiment (Standarte) in white lettering. b. White Arabic numerals preceded by the letter "M" on the right-hand collar patch give the number of the battalion.-A soldier must have been a graduate member of one of the above organizations (d. (3) The special SS rank badge is worn on the left collar patch. F. Hitler Youth and German Young Folk (Hitlerjugendund Deutsches Jungvolk). (3) The uniform is brown shirt and black breeches.Fliegerkorps).Pars. NOTE. The most important of these are- a. Uniforms of armed SS (Waffen SS).

27 Uniforms of the Waffen SS. (See complete description in paragraph 27) .HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.

Par. 27 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Deutsches Jungvolk (German Young Folk) Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth) .


Obervormann Kragenspiegel (Collar t patch) Schulterklappen (Shoulder straps) Arbeitsmann (no shoulder strap) Arbeitsmann b. 28 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 28. Verpflichtung auf 1 Jahr Vormann Truppfthrer Obertruppf Unterfeldmeister Feldmeister Oberfeldmeister Oberstfeldmeister Arbeitsfiihrer Oberarbeitsf Oberstarbeitsf Generalarbeitsf Ober-Generalarbeitsf Reichsarbeitsf . D. A. Insignia of rank of the National Labor Service..Par..) (Dienst- a. gradabzeichen des Reichsarbeitsdienstes R.

1923 (Blutorden) (special badge for participation in uprising on November 9. Hoheitsabzeichen (national insignia) Goldenes Parteiabzeichen (golden party insignia) Parteiabzeichen (party insignia) Ehrenzeichen der HJ (insignia of Hitler Youth) Ehrenzeichen am Band-em 9. National Socialist Organizations (Nationalsozialistische Organisationen). -Nov. 29 29. 1923.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. "Miinchener Putsch") .

Par. 29 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION SA-Abzeichen (Storm Troopers insignia) NSKK (National Socialist Motor Corps) SS-Abzeichen (National Socialist "SS" Abzeichen) "SA" Formations .

29 Flans of the "SS" HJ-Abzeichen (Hitler Youth insignia) DJt.I{AND)BOOI( ON GERMAN ARMY IDETITFCATON Par. Jungvolk (German Young Folk) NSD-Studentenbund (Nazi Students' Organization) .

Kinderreichen S(Organization for those with many children) NS-Gemeinschaft ("Kraft durch Freude") NS-Schwesternschaft (Nazi Sisterhood) .Par. Reichsbund d. 29 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Deutsche Arbeitsfront (German Labor Front) Reichsarbeitsdienst (National Labor Service) NSBO (Nazi Farmers' Organization) NS-Volkswohlfahrt (Nazi National Welfare) NS-Frauenschaft (Nazi Womanhood Organization) Handwerker Zeichen (Craftsman insignia) i..

Fliegerkorps (Nazi Flying Corps) NSKOV (Federation of Disabled and Bereaved) S(beutfesSauenroer) NSKK Sportabzeichen (Nazi Motor Corps sports insignia) Reichsluftschutzbund (German Air Defense League) NS Frauenwerk-Abzeichen (Nazi Women Workers' insignia) Techn.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par.-Soz.-Nothilfe (Technical Emergency Corps) Nationalsozialistischer Deutscher Rechtswahrer-Bund (Nazi Legal Advisors' Organization) Reichsnahrstand (Nazi Agricultural Organizations) NS-Hago (Nazi Organization of Commercial Employees) NS-Lehrerbund (Nazi Teacher Organization) Reichsbund Deutscher Beamter (Organization of German Civilian Officials) . 29 Q SA-Sportabzeichen (Storm Troopers sports insignia) Nat.

SB-. NSRKGruppenftihr er BA.Worn on left collar patch. Oberscharftthrer SS-charffihrer SA-. NSKK. NSKK Obertrnppfiihrer SS-llauptscharfiihrer BA-. SB-. NSKKStandartenfiihrer BA-. SB-. NBKKOberfUhrer SA-. 30 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 30. NSKKBrigadefUhirer BA-. NSKKSturmmann SA-. SB-.oder SSObersturmbannftihrer NSKK-Oberstaffelf SA-. Insignia of rank of SA. SS. NBKK-MANN SA-. SS-.SB. NSKK.Par. SS.NBKKObergruppenfUhrer Stabschef SA Reichsfuihrer SB Korpsfuihrer NSKK . NSKK. SB-. NSKK-Bcharftihrer S S-TUnterscharfiihrer SA-. NSKKRottenfitihrer SA-. SB-. NSKKObersturmfiihrer SA-. Sturmfiihrer SS-Untersturmftihrer SA-. Sturmhauptffthrer S S-Hauptsturmftihrer SA-oder SBSturmbannfhhrer NSKK-Staffelfuhrer SA. SB-. SA-. und der NSKK) . and of the NSKK (Dienstgradabzeichen der SA. NSKK-Truppftihrer SS-Oberscharfhhrer SA-..

HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION Par. HOHEITS-ABZEICHEN (National insignia) S/o/ fiir Tschakos (for Shako) fiir Dienstmittze (for service cap) KRAGENSPIEGEL ffr Kartuschen (for cartouche) Wachtmeister u. 31 31. Meister SCHULTERSTUCKE Offiziere Wachtmeister Oberwachtm Hauptwachtm Meister Obermeister Inspektor Leutnant Oberleutnant Hauptmann Major Oberstleutnant Oberst Generalmajor Generalleutnant General 59 . Insignia on uniform of the German police (UniformAbzeichen der Deutschen Polizei). Oberwachtmeister Hauptwachtmeister u.

32 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 32. Oberste Fihrung SA.Par. Command post flags (Kommandoflaggen). SS. NSKK Obergruppe Standarte Gruppe Sturmbann Brigade NSKKWagenwimpel FShnleinfahne des Deutschen Jungvolks Wimpel fir Angehorige der SA 60 .

-Studentenbundfahne NSBO-Fahne SHJ. ParteifahneSturmfahne Kreisfahne der NSDAP S St Standarte DAF-Fahne NSD.Par.-Gefolgschaftsfahne .-Bannfahne NSKK. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON 33 33. Field insignia and flags of the National Socialist German Labor Party (Feldzeichen und Fahnen der NSDAP).-Sturmstander HJ.

Insignia of rank of Hitler Youth (Dienstgradabzeichen der Hitlerjugend). Eichenlaub Fiihrerschnur: schwarz-silber Stabsfiihrer dreibi. gold.Oberkameradschaftsftihrer schaftsfuhrer Fudhrerschn ur: rot-weiss Scharfidhrer Oberscbarfixhrer Gefolgschaftsfuihrer Obergefoigschaftsfuihrer Hauptgefolg schaftsfuihrer Ftihrerschnur: grtin Fuhrerschnur: gran-weiss gt. Stammffihrer Oberstammftihrer Bannffihrer Oberbannftihrer Hauptbannfdhrer Fiibrerschnur: weiss Fuhrerschnur: rot ®- Fuihrerschnur: rot-schwarz A Gebietsfflhrer dreibl.Par. gold. Rottenftdhrer Oberrottenftihrer Kamerad.-Shoulder straps are as follows: Hitlerjugend. gold. Eichenlaub Fuhrerschnur: schwarz Obergebietsfflhrer dreibi. 34 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 34. Eichenlaub Ftihrerschnur: schwarz-gold .

Gauleitung (governmental district headquarters). SPIEGEL: DUNKELBRAIJN.. Ortsgruppenleitung-Stiitzpunct (Local headquarters). PASPELIERUNG: ROT GOLD SORRAFFIERT-SILBER WEISS Mitarbeiter Stellenleiter Hauptstellenleiter 63 . SPIEGEL: HIELLBRAUJN.a. Winkel Zellenleiter Hauptstellenleiter 2 slb.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATUON Par. Kreisleitung (county district headquarters). PASPELIERUNG: HELLBLAU Mitarbeiter Blockleiter Stellenleiter: 1 slb. PASPELIERUNG: SCHWARZ LAI Mitarbeiter Stellenleiter IHauptstellenleiter Amtsleiter Hauptamtsleiter Kreisleiter c. Rank insignia of the political leaders (Dienstgradabzeichen der Politischen Leiter) . 35 35. SPIEGEL: ROT. Winkel Amtsleiter Stiitzpunktleiter Ortsgruppenleiter b.

GAUJR. KREISR. Gauleiter Gauleiter d. PASPELIERUNG: REICHSL. PASPELIERUNG: GOLDGELB Gold schraffiert-Silber weiss Mitarbeiter Hilfs-Stellenleiter Stellenleiter Haupt-Stellenleiter Amtsleiter Haupt-Amtsleiter Haupt-Dienstliter Reichsleiter e. GOLD. . SCHWARZ Kreiz-bzw.Parteigericht (party court). ROT. SPIEGEL: BLAU. Reichsleitung (national headquarters). SPIEGEL: KARMESINRtOT. 35 HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION mm' Amtsleiter Hlauptamtsleiter Stellv. Orts-Beisitzer Kreis-bzw.Par. O rtsrichter Gau-Beisitzer: zwei sulb Gardelitzen Gaurichter Beisitzer bei~m Obersten Parteigericht Reichsleiter .

Par. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 35 War Department-The Military Intelligence Training Center-Camp Ritchie. . Md.


2. behindert oder beldstigt. 2. B. B. IV. 3. PreuB. 1.) Statt bisheriger Einzelvorschriften jetzt allgemeiner Grundsatz: Jeder Teilnehmer am offentlichen Verkehr hat sich so zu verhalten. (3) A road map showing the principal German highways. b) in angemessenem Abstand vorbeifahren. these symbols designate the district in which the vehicle has been registered. 1934.-RM oder Haft. 2. die des St. b. II. III. VERHALTEN DES KRAFTFAHRERS IM VERKEHR: A. Verkehrsregeln: Ausreichende Sicht im Fahrzeug ffir den Fahrer. 1. (4) A list of symbols found on license tags of German automobiles. AUSSER KRAFT GETRETEN: vom 28. RECHTSGRUNDLAGEN: Reichsstraflenverkehrsordnung weisung vom 29. The following pages contain some of the principal means (1) employed by Germany for the regulation of road traffic. dafi notigenfalls rechtzeitig angehalten werden kann.-a. The knowledge of these signs will be of great interest and value whenever a district is entered which by occupation or otherwise has previously been subjected to German administration. 3. . c) notigenfalls anhalten. Strallenverkehrsordnung vom 20. 1934 mit Ausfihrungsan- Alle anderen wichtigen gesetzlichen Verkehrsvorschriften. STRAFEN: insbesondere Geldstrafe bis zu 150. 5. als nach den Umstanden unvermneidbar. auierdem bei Verstofi gegen St. General.APPENDIX TRAFFIC SIGNS (VERKEHRSZEICHEN) 1. (2) Various German road and traffic signs. B. DAS NEUE VERKEHRSRECHT Die ReichsstraBenverkehrsordnung enthdlt die ausschlieflliche Regelung des Strafenverkehrs. dafi er keinen anderen schadigt oder mehr. Preceding individual registration numbers.9. Included areAn excerpt from the present German traffic law which regulates traffic' throughout the Reich. an Strallenbahnhaltestellenwahrend des Ein. G.und Aussteigens a) langsam. 1934. G. (§§ 25-30 des Gesetzes und Erluterungen der Ausfuhrungsanweisung dazu. Geschwindigkeit so. New German traffic law. und wir geben nachstehend dieses neue Straflenverkehrsrecht in Stichworten wieder: I.

dali er zum Uberholenlassen bereit sei. 9. links iiberholen. 10. b) nicht vorgeschrieben. hierzu genigt deutliches Einhalten der dulersten rechten Seite. d) Signale iberhaupt verboten. e) an Verkehrsinseln. wenn rechts iiberholen aus Raummangel nicht m6glich. wenn anderer Zweck als Warnung. e) ist bei Begegnungen Ausweichen unmoglich. wenn aus Raummangel nicht rechts ausgewichen werden kann. 5. in Einbahnstralen rechts oder links iiberholen. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATIO 4. b) zur Verhinderung unbefugter Benutzung ublicherweise hierfiir bestimmte Vorkehrungen in Wirksamkeit setzen. Vorsorglich rechte Seite einhalten. Uberholender ist nicht verpflichtet. Zeichen des Eingeholten abzuwarten. g) Verhalten des Eingeholten beim Uberholen: Einhalten der aufersten rechten Seite. dem dies nach den Umstanden am ehesten zuzumuten. 6.und Ausfahrt nur so. wenn Tiere beunruhigt werden. c) nicht. erkennen geben. Ausnahme: bei Einbahnstrafien auch links. Ein.und Ausfahrten. MaBgebend hierfiir zunichst fahrtechnische M6glichkeit. Pflicht der Umkehr fiir den. f) Schienenfahrzeugen gegeniiber links ausweichen. c) jeder nur fur eine Verkehrsart bestimmte Weg und Sommerweg gelten als selbstandige StraBe. links fiberholen gestattet. . c) weniger als 10 m vor oder hinter Kreuzungen und Einmundungen. b) bei Absicht des Uberholens.App. d) weniger als 5 m vor oder hinter Haltestellen. Anfahren und Halten nur rechts. wenn Sicherheit und Riicksicht es erfordert. Scheinwerfer abblenden. b) auf Geleisen. d) bei uniibersichtlichen Strecken atuBerste rechte Seite der Fahrbahn einhalten. Parken nicht zulassig a) an engen Stralenstellen und in scharfen Stralenkriimmungen. wenn Ausweichen oder tberholen bevorstehen kann. 8. Ausnahme: keine Verpflichtung gegenliber Fufgingern. f) vor Ein. Ausweichen und Uberholen: a) rechts ausweichen. 11. Bevorrechtigte Fahrzeuge mit mehreren Insassen und regelmafige Fahrzeuge im offentlichen Linienverkehr. g) auf der mittleren von 3 getrennten Fahrbahnen. 7. dalf Gefahrdung des Strafenverkehrs ausgeschlossen ist. Beim Verlassen des Kraftfahrzeuges: a) zur Vermeidung von Unfallen und Verkehrsstorungen MalBnahmen treffen. ferner Verkehrsbedeutung. Warnzeichen: a) wenn andere Verkehrsteilnehmer gefahrdet werden konnen. standig rechte Seite einzuhalten. Standiges Nebeneinanderfahrenverboten.

wenn sonst Bevorrechtigter an Kreuzung eintrifft.Anhalten". 12. Radfahrer... Mannschaftswagen der Polizei.Halten".StraBe frei" nur.Kreuzung frei" zulissig. a) Grundsatzlich bevorrechtigt. WICHTIGSTE VORSCHRIFTEN FUR ANDERE VERKEHRSTEILNEHMER. wahrend langsam beweglicher Verkehrsteilnehmer sich dort befindet und zur Gewihrung der Vorfahrt halten miiBte. Sonderrechte.Kreuzung frei".Halt".. Feuerwehr. Seitliches Ausstrecken eines Armes oder beider Arme quer zur Verkehrsrichtung: . wenn Verkehr nicht gestort wird.. Leichenziige. V. z..Stralle frei". in vorher freier Richtung: .. d. Vorfahrtrecht. aber nicht fur Fufiganger auf Fulwegen.StraBe frei" und . b) Kraftfahrzeuge und Schienenfahrzeuge untereinander gleichberechtigt. A. 13. rot: .. c) Vorfahrtrecht fur alle Verkehrsteilnehmer auf besonders gekennzeichneten Hauptverkehrsstralen. gelb: ..Strale frei". Ausnahmen: andere Regelung durch amtliche Verkehrszeichen. Hochheben eines Armes: Fiir Verkehrsteilnehmer in vorher gesperrter Richtung: . b) Geschlossene Verbinde der' Wehrmacht.Anhalten" oder . Polizei. und ihrer Untergliederungen.Kreuzung frei". Prozessionen diirfen weder unterbrochen noch sonst in ihrer Bewegung gehemmt werden. B. 1. d) Will jemand die Richtung eines anderen ihm auf derselben Strafle begegnenden kreuzen. f) Richtungsinderung oder Anhalten ist anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern anzuzeigen. Ausnahme: Nach links auf . in der Kreuzung: .Strale frei". von Einhaltung der Vorschriften befreit. Weisungen und Zeichen der Polizei haben grundsatzlich Vorrang vor allgemeinen Verkehrsregeln... Farbzeichen: Grtin: .Achtung" oder . soweit in Erfullung ihrer hoheitlichen Aufgaben. c) Wegerechtsfahrzeuge..HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATTON App. a) Wehrmacht. die durch amtliche Verkehrszeichen angezeigt sind. ortlichen Sonderregeln. NSDAP.. ist Platz zu machen. 14. Polizei. Anmerkung: Einbiegen bei .Achtung". aber bevorrechtigt vor anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern.. 69 . in der Verkehrsrichtung: . Gilt auch fur Radfahrer.. h. Straflenreinigungsmaschinen. b) helltonende Glocke. Ausriistung: a) ausreichende Bremse. wer von recht? kommt. e) Vorfahrtrecht nicht. ist der andere bevorrechtigt. Fahrzeuge. die zur Erfiillung offentlicher oder dem Gemeinwohl dienenden Aufgaben freie Bahn brauchen. Zeichen der Polizeibeamten: Winken in Verkehrsrichtung: .

daf1 er andere nicht gefahrdet. 3. Beschaffenheit der Strafle (Schlaglocher. d) Lampen dirfen nicht blenden. Sicht. Anschrift. Verhalten: a) Richtungsdnderung oder Anhalten ist anderen Verkehrsteilnehmern anzuzeigen (§27. Nebel). 5. 2. Fahrgeschwindigkeit aller Beteiligten. so hat Verwaltungsbehorde ihm deren Fiihren zu untersagen oder Bedingungen zu stellen. Strafenbahnwagen und Omnibusse nur an den Haltestellen betreten und verlassen. Personen. Bremsspuren. 2. wenn Deichsel hochgeschlagen. Ausriistung: a) leicht lenkbar. 7O . 4. Glatteis). Name. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 2.ist. Fuhrwerk. b) Fahrbahnen und Radfahrwege auf kiirzestem Wege und ohne Aufenthalt iiberschreiten. C. g) Pflicht zur Benutzung der Radfahrwege. wenn in geeigneter Weise Vorsorge getroffen. Fahrzeugnummer etwaiger Zeugen. Name. An Stralienkreuzungen mit bezeichneten Ubergangen ausschliellich diese benutzen. Verhalten: a) bespanntes Fuhrwerk darf nicht unbeaufsichtigt stehen. VERHALTEN BEI ZUSAMMENSTOIIEN ODER ANDEREN A. Anschrift. 3).(Regen. Abs. c) Riickstrahler. b) Bremse. d) einzeln hintereinander fahren. c) Riickstrahler. An Ort und Stelle feststellen und aufschreiben: Genaue Zeit. Erweist sich jemand als ungeeignet zum Fiihren von Tieren. e) Anbinden von Handwagen an Fahrrader verboten. 1. dal verkehrstiblicher Betrieb niemand schadigt oder mehr als unvermeidbar behindert oder belistigt. abgenommen oder an Spitze beleuchtet ist. so gebaut und ausgerustet. 7. Fahrzeugnummer aller Beteiligten. c) Anhangen verboten. e) Lichtkegel der Lampe mul geneigt sein. b) Lenkstange nicht loslassen. 6. b) unbespanntes Fuhrwerk darf bei Dunkelheit oder starkem Nebel nur stehen. Art der Pflasterung). d) Lampe darf nicht blenden. FiiBe nicht von der Tretkurbel entfernen. a) Wer infolge korperlicher oder geistiger Mingel sich nicht sicher bewegen kann. der ausreichend auf sie einwirken kann.App. Tiere. Witterungsverhiltnisse. 1. -D. Miissen im Verkehr geeigneten Filhrer haben. wenn Verkehr sonst behindert werden wiirde. Witterungseinfliusse auf die Strale (Rogen. f) Fiihren von Pferden und Vieh von fahrenden Fahrradern aus verboten. B. VERKEHRSUNFALLEN. darf am Verkehr nur teilnehmen.

COAl) a O D CDJ S CD CD CD CD N 0: co ' p CD ~CD c CD CD CD~o m CD (CD CD CD td CD CD a CD P CD CD Map of the German Reich .

it indicates a blocking for Sundays and holidays only.) 4. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION 3.App. *Su" mu. Railroad crossing with gates One track railroad crossing without gates Multiple railroad crossing without gates . Closed for bicycles and motorcycles Closed for motor vehicles except motorcycles Closed for motor vehicles of all kinds thr urcClosed for werboten Closed for motor vehicles over 5.5 tons total weight Closed for vehicles of all kinds Closed for through traffic (In case the points are replaced by rings. Signs for permanent blockings. . Warning signs on railway crossings in territory of German "Reich" Railroad.

Parking place Caution First-aid station 73 .Closed for motorcycles No stopping No parking Bicycle track Maximum weight Closed for vehicles over 6 feet 6 inches wide Maximum speed b.-a. Traffic signs.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION App. 5. General. Indication signs. To the right One-way street Straight on Turn to the right Turn to the right or straight on Sign to stop at customs stations c. Closed for motorcars . Traffic directions.

App. dangerous point Observe the right of precedence in the main streets Level crossing without gates Level crossing with gates Main road Closed for vehicles of all kinds One-way street Closed for motorcars Closed for motorcycles . Cross gutter Curve Cross road Caution. Warning signs. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION d.

Kennzeichen fir Kraftfahrzeuge im Deutschen Reiche (symbols for motor vehicles in the German Reich). M fur den Schwarzwaldkreis S. IIIP. Prov.-Bez. Grenzmark (PosenWestpreul3en) IC Prov. RP ReichsPol Polizei. 6.und' Oberschlesien IL IM IP IS IT IX IY IZ Reg. Ostpreul en IE Prov. IIIX. DR Reichsbahn PREUIEN: IA Landespolizeibezirk Berlin IB Prov. Hannover Prov. Pommern IK Prov. IIIH. Brandenburg IH Prov. WL Luftwaffe Behorden: SS-Verfiigungstruppe.-Holst. T fuir den Jagdkreis Y. Nieder. I= post. Stuttgart D. Diisseldorf Rheinprovinz BAYERN: IIA IIB IIC IID IIE Stadtbezirk Miinchen Oberbayern Niederbayern Pfalz Oberpfalz IIH IIN IIS IIU IIZ Oberfranken Stadtbezirk Niirnberg Ubriges Mittelfranken Unterfranken Schwaben-Neuburg OSTMARK: E Tirol A oder V Polizeidirektion Wien F Karnten K Polizeidirektion Graz H1 Steiermark ohne Graz L Polizeidirektion Linz W Vorarlberg B Niederdonau M Burgenland C Oberdonau ohne Linz D Salzburg SACHSEN: I II III IV V fiir fiir fir fur fur die die die die die Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft Kreishauptmannschaft WURTTEMBERG: IIIA IIIC. Wehrmacht: WH Heer. Schlesw. Westfalen Reg. WM Marine. SS-Wachtruppe.-Bez. Z fiir den Donaukreis Bautzen Dresden Leipzig Chemnitz Zwickau . Hessen-Nassau Prov. E fiir den fibrigen Neckarkreis K. Sigmaringen Prov. Sachsen Prov.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION A App.

Tschechoslowakei. RECHTS AUSWEICHEN. Postautos (gelbe Farbe) weichen auf Bergstral3en nach der Bergseite hinaus. LINKS AUSWEICHEN. HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION A IVB B HB HH VH Anhalt Baden Braunschweig Bremen Hamburg Hessen L M OI SL Saar Th Lippe MecKlenburg Oldenburg Schaumburg-Lippe Saargebiet Thiiringen FAHRVORSCHRIFTEN EUROPAISCHER LANDER. . Irland. RECHTS UBERHOLEN: Grolbritannien. Spanien Tiirkei LINKS FAHREN. LINKS UBERHOLEN: Belgien Bulgarien Danemark Danzig Deutschland Estland Finnland Frankreich Griechenland Italien Jugoslavien Lettland Liechtenstein Litauen Luxemburg Monaco Niederlande Norwegen Polen Portugal Ruminien Rulland Schweiz Die schweiz. Ungarn.App. RECHTS FAHREN. Schweden.

) Tiirkei Ver. 77 U. d. C. GOVERNMENT PRINTINGOFFICE: 1943 .SF Irland SL GBY Malta SU GBZ Gibraltar TR Griechenland US GR H V Ungarn I Italien Y [A. S. B BG BR C CH CO CS D DA DK E ET EW F FL GB IR L LR LT MC N Tschechoslowakei NL Deutschland P PA Danzig Danemark PE PL Spanien R Agypten Estland RC Frankreich u. ULIO. NATIONALITATSZEICHEN FUR KRAFTFAHRZEUGE. R. S.HANDBOOK ON GERMAN ARMY IDENTIFICATION App.] Belgien Bulgarien Brasilien Cuba Schweiz Columbien Iran Luxemburg Lettland Litauen Monaco Norwegen Niederlande Portugal Panama Peru Polen Ruminien China Schweden Irischer Freistaat Finnland Syrien und Libanon Rui3land (U. Major General.11 (2-11-43). 062. OFFICIAL: J. G. MARSHALL. v.. St. The Adjutant General. Chief of Staf. S. Nordam. Kolonien S Liechtenstein SE Grol3britannien und Nord. Vatikan Jugoslavien BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: G. A.

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