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zigmund froidis

fsiqoanalizi

fsiqoanalizis Sesavali fsiqoanalizis Sesaxeb I.

fsiqoanalizis warmoSobisa da ganviTarebis Sesaxeb. isteria. doqtor breieris SemTxveva. saubriT mkurnaloba. simptomebis warmoqmna fsiqikuri travmebidan gamomdinare. simptomebi rogorc mogonebebis simboloebi. fiqsacia travmebze. isteriuli konversia. fsiqikis gaoreba. hipnoiduri mdgomareobani.
SesavalSi froidi xazs usvams rom Tuki fsiqoanalizis warmoSoba saerTod warmoadgens damsaxurebas, es misi damsaxureba ar aris. TviT froidi ar iyo CarTuli pirvelad wamowyebebSi, es iyo ioseb breieris, venis eqimis meTodi, romelmac pirvelad is gamoiyena erT-erTi isteriiT daavadebuli pacienti gogonas mkurnalobisas (1880-1882 wlebSi), maSin froidi studenti iyo da mxolod mogvianebiT gamoaqveyna breierTan erToblivi naSromi isteriis kvleva, ufro swored breierma gamoaqveyna es naSromi froidTan erTad. breieris pacienti, 21 wlis gogona, romelic sakmaod niWieri iyo, ori wlis ganmavlobaSi itanjeboda gansxvavebuli saxis fizikuri da sulieri moSlilobebiT, rasac Zalian seriozuli saxe qonda. mas qonda orive marjvena kiduris spastiuri paraliCi rasac mgrZnobelobis dakargva axlda Tan, erT dros msgavsi darRveva orive marcxena kidurisac, Tvalebis moZraobis moSlilobani da mxedvelobis gansxvavebuli saxis naklulovanebani, Tavis daWeris / Weris siZneleebi, Zlieri nerviuli xvela, sakvebis miRebisadmi siZulvili; ramodenime kviris ganmavlobaSi, miuxedavad didi wyurvilisa, mas ar qonda arafris dalevis survili; metyvelebis darRvevebi, imdenad Zlieri, rom man dakarga sakuTar mSobliur enaze saubrisa da misi gagebis unari. sabolood, misi mdgomareoba sruliad bodviTi iyo, pirovnebis cvlileba mimdinareobda, razec froidi mogvianebiT apirebs yuradRebis gamaxvilebas. froidi varaudobs, rom rodesac mkiTxvels esmis msgavsi daavadebis Sesaxeb misi varaudia is, rom pacients tvinis mZime daavadeba Wirs, romelic saerTod aRar eqvemdebareba mkurnalobas. xolo rodesac janmrTelobis msgavsi suraTi SeimCneva axalgazrda pirovnebis SemTxvevaSi, romelsac sruliad janmrTeli guli da Tirkmelebi aqvs da romelmac Zalian Zlieri sulieri travma miiRo da Tuki calkeuli simptomebi ar ganicdian iseT cvlilebas romelic mosalodneli iyo, maSin SesaZlebelia ukve eqimma ifiqros rom saqme ise mZimed ar aris rogorc es Cans. maSin eqimebis mtkicebiT ukve saqme gvaqvs ara tvinis organul daavadebasTan, aramed im idumal mdgomareobasTan, romelsac berZnuli medicinis droidan isteriis saxelwodeba aqvs da romelsac SeuZlia mTeli rigi mZime daavadebebis simulireba moaxdinos. am SemTxvevaSi eqimebi Tvlian rom sicocxles safrTxe ar emuqreba da sruli gamojanmrTeleba savsebiT SesaZlebelia. froidi aRniSnavs, rom pacienti daavadda sayvareli mamis movlis periodSi, es ukanaskneli SemdgomSi gardaicvala, magram es ukve moxda mas Semdeg rac gogonas mouwia misi zrunvis mitoveba sakuTari daavadebidan gamomdinare. mkurnalobis garTulebis gamo, istoriis diagnozis SemTxveva eqimisaTvis viTarebis gamartivebas ar warmoadgens, piriqiT arTulebs. isteriiT daavadebulis mimarT eqimi nakleb TanagrZnobas gamoxatavs, vinaidan ukanaskneli ar itanjeba imdenad, ramdenadac es xdeba organuli daavadebis SemTxvevaSi, Tumca mas gaaCnia pretenzia imisa, rom swored iseve itanjeba rogorc organulad daavadebuli. miuxedavad imisa, rom organuli daavadebebis Sesaxeb eqims ufro meti cnobebi gaaCnia diletantTan SedarebiT, isteriis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebeli iTqvas, rom eqims swored imdeni esmis ramdenic diletants. misTvis sruliad gaugebaria isteria. froidi axdens axsna-ganmartebas imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom isteriiT daavadebulni ar iwveven simpatias eqimebSi, vinaidan is maT ganixilavs rogorc 2

pirebs, vinc maTi mecnieruli codna Seuracxyo, vinc simulirebas axdens da gadametebiT warmoaCens Tavis Sinagan rTul mdgomareobas. breieri ar imsaxurebs amgvari tipis gankiTxvas Tavisi pacientis mxridan. igi Tavisi pacientis mimarT didi simpatiiTa da interesiT ganewyo, miuxedavad imisa, rom Tavdapirvelad ar icoda rogor SeiZleboda daxmareboda mas. breieris mier aRniSnuli iyo, rom absansis fsiqikuri gaurkvevlobis mdgomareobaSi avadmyofi raRac sityvebs warmoTqvamda. eqimma Txova mas daemaxsovrebina es sityvebi da Semdeg ki hipnotur mdgomareobaSi gadaiyvana avadmyofi da gaumeora es sityvebi, ramac gamoiwvia im mdgomareobis asaxva avadmyofis mier, romelSic is vardeboda absansis dros. es iyo Zalian Rrma sevdiani fantaziebi, zogierT SemTxvevaSi poeturi da lamazi, rac ZiriTadad iwyeboda gogonas mamis sasTumalTan yofnis aRweriT. rodesac pacienti yveboda am fantaziebis Sesaxeb misi mdgomareoba gaumjobesebisaken midioda, is TiTqos da Tavisufldeboda raRacisagan da ubrundeboda normalur sulier cxovrebas. amgvari mdgomareoba mravali saaTis ganmavlobaSi grZeldeboda, magram mas Tan sdevda gaurkvevlobis mdgomareobis Setevac, romelic imave saxis gamonaTqvamis Semdeg isev icvleboda dadebiTad. TviTon avadmyofma am mkurnalobis axal xerxs talking cure saubriT mkurnaloba daarqva. an xumrobiT mas uwodebda xolme Chimney sweeping buxris gawmendas. male TiTqos da SemTxveviT aRmoCnda rom msgavsi sulieri ganwmendiT SesaZlebelia ufro metis miRweva, vidre cnobierebis moSlilobis droebiT gankurnebas. Tuki afeqtis gamoxatulebis mqone avadmyofi hipnozSi ixsenebda Tu ra mizeziT da rasTan dakavSirebiT Camouyalibda mas cnobili simptomebi, maSin SesaZlebelia am simptomebis sruli gaqarwyelba momxdariyo. am SemTxvevaSi moxerxda avadmyofis wylis dalevisadmi arsebuli siZulvilis gankurneba, es SegrZneba masSi imdenad Zlieri iyo, rom zafxulSic ki is wyurvils mxolod xilis WamiT ikmayofilebda. man hipnozSi gaixsenda Tu rogor sZulda erTi ingliseli qali da rom masSi gansakuTrebuli siZulvili gamoiwvia misi patara ZaRlis mier Wiqidan wylis lokvis faqtma. am mogonebis hipnozSi warmoTqmis Semdgom avadmyofma gaiRviZa mis tuCebTan mitanli WiqiT xelSi. da es siZulvili mas Semdeg sruliad gauqra. breierma daiwyo sxva simptomebis paTogenezis Seswavlac. TiTqmis yvela simptomi warmoadgenda narCens, naleqs im afeqturi gancdebisa romelsac mogvianebiT froidi ambobs rom Cven vuwodeTo fsiqikuri travmebio. es simptomebi iyvenen determinirebuli garkveuli scenebiT, isini warmoadgendnen am scenebis Sesaxeb arsebul mogonebebs. Tumca aRsaniSnavia, rom erTi romelime gancda aucileblad ki ar iwvevda romelime simptoms, aramed msgavs zemoqmedebas metwilad axdendnen mravalricxovani, xSir SemTxvevaSi msgavsi travmebi. mTeli am paTogenuri mogonebebis jaWvi froidis sityvebiT unda yofiliyo gaxsenebuli bolodan dawyebuli pirvel rigSi yvelaze Zveli mogoneba da bolos ukanaskneli. froids moyavs kidev ramodenime magaliTi riTac iZulebulia SeizRudos programis gamo. breieri yveba, rom misi avadmyofis mxedvelobiTi moSlilobebi SesaZlebelia iyos Semdegi saxis mizezebis mqone iyvnen: cremliani TvaliT mamis sasTumalTan mjdomare avadmyofs esmoda mamis SekiTxva drois Sesaxeb. is ciferblats gaurkvevlad zedavda da iZulebuli iyo moewia saaTi axlos, ris gamoc ciferblati Zalian didi Canda (makropsia da strabizmi (SigniT mimarTuli) sielme); an kidev is cremls ikavebda, rom mamas ar SeemCnia. yvela paTogenuri STabeWdileba ukavSirdeba im dros rodesac is uvlida mamas. erTxel is iRviZebs SuaRamisas SeSinebuli Tavisi mamis gamo, romelsac cieb-cxeleba qonda. ojaxi venidan qirurgis molodinSi iyo, romelsac mamisaTvis operacia unda gaekeTebina. dedam miatova ana, romelic marto unda yofiliyo mamis sasTumalTan garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi. misi xeli skamis zurgze iyo dasvenebuli. is fxizel mdgomareobaSi moCvenebas xedavs kerZod gvels romelic mamis 3

sasTumalisaken kedelze mococavs da apirebs kbenas. SesaZloa misi saxlis ezoSi gveli arsebobda kidec da gogonas misi eSinoda, rac amJamad halucinaciis masalad iqca. mas qonda cxovelis dafrTxobis survili, magram is TiTqos da paralizebul mdgomareobaSi Cavarda. marjvena xeli TiTqos da gaSeSda, man dakarga mgrZnobeloba. rodesac gogonam daxeda xels misi TiTebi mkvdari Tavebis mqone gvelebad gadaiqcnen (frCxilebi). mas qonda mcdeloba cxovelis gagdebisa, magram paralizeba da mgrZnobelobis dakargva asocirda gvelis halucinaciasTan. rodesac halucinacia gaqra da avadmyofma isurva locva, mas sityvebi daaviwyda, man verc erTi TavisTvis cnobili en aver gaixsena. Semdeg mas gaaxsenda inglisuri sabavSvo leqsi, romliTac locva daiwyo. hipnozis mdgomareobaSi am scenis gaxsenebam gamoiwvia marjvena xelis paraliCis gankurneba. froidi aRniSnavs, rom isic iyenebda breieris meTods da ixsenebs erT-erTi misi avadmyofis istorias, romelic gamoscemda tkacuna bgeras, maSin rodesac es dauSvebeli iyo. froidi axdens ganzogadebas, romelic misi azriT aris gardauvali aseTi mokle mimoxilvis SemTxvevaSi. yvelaferi rac CvenTvis aris cnobili SeiZleba iyos gaerTianebuli erT formulaSi: Cveni isteriuli avadmyofebi itanjebian mogonebebiT. maTi simptomebi warmoadgenen garkveuli travmatuli gancdebis Sesaxeb arsebuli mogonebebis narCenebsa da simboloebs. froidi magaliTis saxiT asaxelebs sxva simboloebis Sedarebebsac. mas moyavs Zeglebisa da monumentebis mniSvnelovnobis magaliTi da asaxelebs Caring-qross, romelic warmoadgens erTerTi mefis mier Tavisi gardacvlili dedoflis dasaflavebis ceremonialze TiToeul gaCerebaze (ceremonialis procesis dros) aRmarTuli goTikuri jvrebis adgilze agebul Zegls. is asaxavs am samgloviaro procesiis tragizms. is aseve asaxelebs erT-erT Zegls, romelic mdebareobs london-bridjisagan moSorebiT dasaxelebiT monumenti da 1666 wels momxdari uZlieresi xanZris mogonebas warmoadgens. es Zeglebi warmoadgenen mogonebas rogorc isteriuli simptomebi; am SemTxvevaSi froidis azriT Sedareba sruliad marTebulia. Tumca aqve froidi aRniSnavs, rom ar iqneboda adeqvaturi Tuki romelime londoneli amJamad dadgeboda Caring-qrosis ZeglTan an monumentTan da daiwyebda wuxils an samgloviaro procesiasTan dakavSirebiT an kidev didi xnis win momxdar xanZarTan dakavSirebiT, ris Semdegac londoni kidev ufro brwyinvaled aris gaSenebuli. Tumca froidi amtkicebs, rom swored msgavsad iqcevian nevrotikebi da isterikebic, ara marTo imitom, rom isini ixseneben warsul avadmyofur gancdebs, aramed am gancdebTan afeqturad arian dakavSirebuli; maT ar SeuZliaT warsulis daviwyeba, ris gamoc uyuradRebod toveben awmyosa da arsebuls. nevrozis erT-erT umniSvnelovanesad damaxasiaTebel Tvisebas / maxasiaTebels, romelsac metwilad praqtikuli mniSvneloba gaaCnia, warmoadgens sulieri cxovrebis fiqsacia paTogenur travmebze. froidis azriT dakvirvebebidan gamomdinare Zalauneburad Cndeba varaudi avadmyofobis aRmocenebisa im mizeziT, rom paTogenuri mdgomareobis fonze ganviTarebul afeqts, normaluri gamosavali qonda dablokili da am Sekavebulma afeqtebma aranormaluri gamoyeneba / gamosavali / gasavali hpoves. nawilobriv es afeqtebi rCeboda da amZimebda sulier cxovrebas, nawilobriv ki isini ganicdidnen ucnaur sxeulebriv inervaciebs da Sekavebebs, romlebic warmoadgendnen mocemuli SemTxvevis sxeulebriv simptomebs. am ukanaskneli SemTxvevis Sesaxeb froidi iyenebs termins isteriuli konversia. breieris avadmyofma normalur mdgomareobaSi araferi ar icoda paTogenuri scenebisa da maTi simptomebTan arsebuli kavSiris Sesaxeb. man daiviwya es scenebi an sruliad dakarga maTi paTogenuri kavSiri. rodesac is hipnozis zemoqmedebis qveS iyo, sakmaod didi Zalisxmevis fasad iyo SesaZlebeli misi mexsierebis gaRviZeba da mexsierebis amuSavebis Sedegad es simptomebi qreboda. hipnoturi movlenebis Seswavlis meoxebiT Cven SevegueT iseT mosazrebas, romlis Tanaxmadac erTsa da imave individuumSi SesaZloa ramodenime sulieri 4

dajgufebis arseboba, romelTac SeuZliaT sruliad damoukideblad iarsebon urTierTisagan, SeiZleba ar icodnen araferi erTmaneTis Sesaxeb da drodadro monacvleobiT batonobdnen cnobierebaSi. amgvari tipis SemTxvevebi zogierT SemTxvevaSi TavisTavad aRmocendebian. Tuki pirovnebis gaorebisas / danawevrebisas cnobiereba am mdgomareobaTagan mxolod erT-erTisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli, maSin am ukanasknels cnobier sulier mdgomareobas uwodeben, xolo misgan gancalkevebuls aracnobiers. aracnobieris cnobierze zemoqmedebis viTarebidan gamomdinare (posthipnoidur mdgomareobaSi STagonebulis Sesrulebis magaliTi) breierma wamoayena varaudi, rom isteruli simptomebi aRmocendebian gansakuTrebuli sulieri mdgomareobis SemTxvevaSi, romelsac is hipnoidurs uwodebs. II.

Sarkosa da Janes kvlevebi. teqnikis cvlileba. hipnozisagan uaryofa. gandevna da winaaRmdegoba. gandevnis magaliTi. simptomebis warmoqmna Seumdgari gandevnis SemTxvevaSi. fsiqoanalizis mizani.
swored im periodSi rodesac breieri Tavis pacientTan atarebda talking cure-s, Sarkom parizSi, salpetrierSi daiwyo isterikosebis kvleva, ramac avadmyofobis Sesaxeb axali cnobebi moitana. froidisa da breieris azriT maTi avadmyofebis paTogenuri gancdebi, fsiqikuri travmebi gaigivebuli iyo im sxeulebriv travmebTan, romelTa zemoqmedebac isteriul paraliCebze ikvlia da daadgina Sarkom. breieriseuli debuleba hipnoidur mdgomareobebTan dakavSirebiT aris im faqtis asaxva, rom Sarko xelovnurad axdenda hipnozSi travmatuli paraliCebis xelaxal gamowvevas. es udidesi frangi damkvirvebeli frodis siyvebiT ar iyo midrekili fsiqologiuri nagebobebisadmi, magram misi mowafe Jane isteriis dros gansakuTrebuli sulieri fsiqikuri procesebis ufro siRrmiseul wvdomas cdilobda, isinic (froidi da breieri) mis magaliTs miyvebodnen, rodesac nagebobebis centrSi fsiqikis gaoreba da pirovnebis ganxeTqileba daayenes. Janes isteriis Teoria iziarebs safrangeTSi gabatonebul azrebs STamomavlobasa da degeneraciasTan dakavSirebiT. misi azriT isteria warmoadgens nervuli sistemis degeneratiuli cvlilebis garkveul formas, romelic fsiqikuri sinTezis andayolil sisusteSi mdgomareobs. isterikosebs ar gaaCniaT pirveladi unari gansxvavebuli fsiqikuri procesebis dakavSirebisa erT mTlianobaSi, aqedan gamomdinare maT gaaCniaT midrekileba sulieri disociaciisadmi. isterikosebis sisuste cud SesabamisobaSia im garemoebasTan rom Sromisunarianobis daqveiTebis gamovlinebas Tan erTvis Sromisunarianobis nawilobrivi amaRlebis SemTxvevac. breieris pacientis SemTxvevaSi mis mier sxva enebis daviwyebis SemTxvevaSi inglisuris srulyofili flobis magaliTi. rodesac froidma breieris mier dawyebuli kvlevebi gamoiyena mas gansxvavebuli Sexeduleba Camouyalibda isteriul disociaciasTan dakavSirebiT. msgavsi uTanxmoeba aucileblad unda aRmocenebuliyo vinaidan froidi xelmZRvanelobda ara laboratoriuli gamokvlevebiT, rogorc Jane, aramed Terapiuli ZalisxmeviT. vinaidan katartikuli meTodi moiTxovda avadmyofis hipnotur mdgomareobaSi moyvanas, xolo hipnozi froidisaTvis gaxda arasasiamovno rogorc da mistiuri saSualeba da rodesac gamocdilebam mas aCvena rom avadmyofebis umravlesobasTan es SeuZlebelia, froidma gadawyvita mienebebina Tavi hipnozisaTvis da katartikuli mkurnaloba misgan damoukideblad eqcia. am SemTxvevaSi froidi bernhaimis magaliTs iyenebs. rodesac avamdyofebTan erTad froidi im punqtamde midioda, sadac isini amtkicebdnen rom araferi aRar ician, froidi amtkicebda da arwmunebda maT, rom swored is mogoneba iqneba swori, romelic maT TavSi mouvaT 5

maSin rodesac froidi Sublze xels daadebT. amgvarad froidi igebda yvelafers rac iyo saWiro daviwyebul paTogenur scenebsa da maT Semdgom darCenil simptomebs Soris arsebuli kavSirebis damyarebisaTvis. magram misive sityvebiT es iyo Zalian damRleli da araefeqturi procedura. Tumca man ar miatova es meTodi, sanam garkveuli saxis daskvnebamde ar mivida. froidi amtkicebs rom daviwyebuli mogonebebi ar gamqrala. avamdyofi jer kidev flobda am mogonebebs da isini mzad iyvnen asociaciuri kavSiris damyarebisaTvis imasTan rac avadmyofma ukve icis, magram garkveuli Zala ewinaaRmdegeboda imas, rom isini gacnobierebuliyvnen da aiZulebda maT isev aracnobierSi darCeniliyvnen. am Zalis arseboba SeiZleboda savsebiT dadasturebuliyo, vinaidan misTvis damaxasiaTebeli daZabulobis SegrZneba SesaZlebeli iyo gansakuTrebiT maSin, rodesac mis sapirispirod aracnobieri mogonebebis cnobierSi gadatanis mcdeloba mimdinareobs. SesaZlebeli iyo im Zalis SegrZneba romelic avadmyofur mdgomareobas inarCunebda, es iyo avamdyofis winaaRmdegoba. swored winaaRmdegobis ideaze dafuZnebiT aago froidma Tavisi warmodgena isteriisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli fsiqikuri procesebis gageba. gamojanmrTelebisaTvis aucilebeli aRmoCnda am winaaRmdegobis ganadgureba. igive Zalebi rac amjerad ewinaaRmdegebian daviwyebulis cnobierSi gadasvlas, Tavis droze es daviwyeba ganapirobes da gandevnes cnobieridan Sesabamisi paTogenuri gancdebi. am savaraudo process froidma uwoda gandevna da ganixilavda mas rogorc damtkicebuls winaaRmdegobis udavo arsebobis Tanaxmad. froidi saubrobs xanmokle konfliqtis Sesaxeb romelic aRmocendeba yvela am gancdidan gamomdinare warmoSobili survilebis Sesaxeb, es survilebi ki xSirad ewinaaRmdegebian erTmaneTs da warmoiSoba xanmokle konfliqti. am Sinagani brZolis Sedegs warmoadgens is, rom am Seusabamo survilis matarebeli warmodgena cnobierebidan gandevnas eqvemdebareba yvela misTvis damaxasiaTebeli mogonebebis TanxlebiT. froids aseve moyavs erT-erTi Tavisi pacientis magaliTi, romelic sakuTari siZisadmi aris siyvaruliT aRsavse da gardacvlili dis sasTumalTan gaifiqrebs: ai exla ki mas SeuZlia momiyvanos colad, Tavisufalia. da romelsac Semdeg emarTeba isteriuli Seteva da avad xdeba. froids moyavs umartivesi magaliTi gandevnis meqanizmisa da adarebs mas leqciis msvlelobas, romlis drosac xmauriani individi gandevnilia auditoriidan da is ori pirovneba vinc is gandevna karebTan sxdebian da misTvis winaaRmdegobas qmnian auditoriaSi xelmeored SemoRwevis dabrkolebis saxiT. Tuki fsiqologiis terminebiT sivrce auditoriis SigniT da gareT moiazreba cnobierebiTa da aracnobieriT, maSin sruliad naTlad iqneba Semqnili gandevnis procesis gamosaxuleba. swored amaSi mdgomareobs froidiseuli fsiqikis ganxeTqilebisa da Janes Sexedulebebs Soris. ara sinTezis Tandayolili ukmarisobiT sulieri aparatis mxridan, aramed es ganxeTqileba aixsneba dinamiurad, rogorc urTierTdapirispirebuli sulieri Zalebis konfliqti. froidi miiCnevs warumateblad breieris pacientis SemTxvevis ganxilvas rogorc gandevnis faqtisa. avadmyofobis es istoria miRebulia hipnoturi zemoqmedebiT, amitom amisaTvis ar gamodgeba. froidis sityvebiT mxolod maSin rodesac hipnozi iqneba gamoricxuli SesaZlebelia winaaRmdegobisa da gandevnis SemCneva da iqneba miRebuli namdvilad marTebuli warmodgena paTogenur procesTan dakavSirebiT. yvelaze faseuli, rac aris miRebuli breieriseuli dakvirvebidan, es aris daskvnebi simptomebisa da paTogenuri gancdebTan an fsiqikur travmebTan arsebuli kavSirebis Sesaxeb da es kavSiri unda Sefasdes gandevnis gadmosaxedidan. isterikosebisa da sxva nevrotikebis kvlevas mivyavarT daskvnamde, rom maT ver SeZles im ideis gandevna romelsac ukavSirdeba Seusabamo survilis arseboba. 6

maT gandevnes is cnobierebidan da mexsierebidan, riTac ufro meti raodenobis usiamovnebisagan daizRvies Tavi, magram aracnobierSi gandevnli survili ganagrZobs arsebobas da elodeba im pirvel SesaZleblobas rodesac misi gaaqtiureba iqneba dasaSvebi da cnobierSi gagzavnli iqneba damaxinjebuli, sruliad saxeSecvlili moadgile. gandevnilis Semcvleli warmodgena simptomi ganTavisuflebulia momdevno Tavdasxmebisagan romelic Cveulebriv mes mxridan xorcieldeba da xanmokle konfliqtis nacvlad usasrulo gancda iwyeba da isadgurebs. III.

amocnobis teqnika avadmyofis Tavisuflad aRmocenebad azrebze dayrdnobiT. arapirdapiri gamosaxuleba / asaxva. fsiqoanalizis ZiriTadi wesi / kanoni. asociaciuri eqsperimenti. sizmrebis ganmarteba. sizmrebSi survilebis asruleba. sizmris muSaoba / moqmedeba. SecdomiTi, simptomatiuri da SemTxveviTi qmedebani. winaaRmdegoba fsiqoanalizis mimarT.
froidi ixsenebs imas, rom rodesac man uaryo hipnozi, gadawyvita gahyoloda avadmyofis Tavisuflad aRmocenebad azrebs, rac TavisTavad mogonebis daviwyebul gagrZelebas warmoadgens. gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba am SemTxvevaSi eniWeba TavSi pirvelad mosul azrs. magram amgvari ram xdeba mxolod analizis dasawyisSi, rodesac aRmocendeba is rasac daJinebiT moiTxovs TviTon froidi. amgvari ram SesaZlebelia iTqvas mxolod dasawyisze, SemdgomSi ukve marTebuli azrebi aRar aRmocendebian da TviT pacientebic uaryofen maT WeSmaritebas. froidis mosazrebiT, Tuki avadmyofs aRmoucendeba raime azri, is ver iqneba daviwyebuli warmodgenis identuri. es faqti aixsneba avadmyofis sulieri mdgomareobidan gamomdinare. avadmyofSi mkurnalobisas moqmedebs ori Zala, romelic erTmaneTis sapirispiroa: erTis mxriv misi cnobieri swrafva rom gaixsenos daviwyebuli, xolo meores mxriv CvenTvis cnobili winaaRmdegoba, romelic dabrkolebas uqmnis gandevnils an misi ganmapirobebeli faqtorebis cnobierSi dabrunebas. Tuki es winaaRmdegoba nols utoldeba, an Zalian umniSvneloa, maSin daviwyebuli yovelgvari damaxinjebis gareSe aRmocendeba cnobierebaSi; Tuki winaaRmdegoba mniSvnelovania, maSin unda aRiniSnos rom gandevnili imdenad ganicdis damaxinjebas ramdenad Zlieric aris misi gacnobierebis winaaRmdegoba. is azri romelic aRmocendeba avadmyofSi, TavisTavad yalibdeba simptomis saxiT: es aris gandevnilis axali, xelovnuri, efemeruli Canacvleba. ramdenadac ufro Zlieria damaxinjeba winaaRmdegobis zewolidan gamomdinare, Sesabamisad naklebia msgavseba aRmocenebad azrs gandevnilis Canacvlebas da TviT gandevnils Soris. SemTxveviTi azri gandevnil azrs unda ukavSirdebodes rogorc miniSneba. msgavsi kavSiri SeimCneva azrTa gadmocemaSi arapirdapiri saubrisas. am SemTxvevaSi froids xumrobis agebulebis teqnika moyavs magaliTad. erT erT inglisur xumrobas ixsenebs. . froidi ixsenebs anekdots, ori mzakvris Sesaxeb, vinc TavianT protretebs SeukveTavs Zvirad Rirebul mxatvrebs da Semdeg kritikoss xalxiT savse darbazSi azris gamoTqmas sTxoven. is Tavs iqnevs da iZaxis ki magram sad aris macxovari? swored msgavsi kostelacia warmoadgens im mizezs, rom pacienti daviwyebuli mosaZiebeli masalis nacvlad ixsenebs metnaklebad damaxinjebul Canacvlebas. froidi amtkicebs rom sruliad marTebulia erTi afeqtiT dakavSirebul warmodgenaTa jgufs vuwodoT kompleqsi, ciurixis skolis magaliTze dayrdnobiT (bleileri da iungi da a. S.). froidi amodis im mosazrebidan, rom Tuki gandevnili kompleqsis ZiebaSi daveyrdnobiT im ukanasknel mosazrebas, romelsac gamoTqvams avadmyofi, SesaZlebelia viqonioT imedi daviwyebuli kompleqsis moZiebisa, Tuki avadmyofi azrebis dinebaSi am Tavisufal azrTa sakmao 7

raodenobas iZleva. swored amitom eZleva avadmyofs SesaZlebloba isaubros yvelaferze rac ki mas TavSi mouva. am SemTxvevaSi fsiqoTeraoevti eyrdnoba Tvalsazriss, rom avadmyofs SesaZlebelia TavSi mouvides mxolod is, rac arapirdapir kavSirSia mosaZiebel kompleqsTan. froidi darwmunebulia rom es aris erTaderTi saSualeba miviwyebuli / dakarguli kompleqsis moZiebisaTvis. Tuki avadmyofi Cumdeba da amtkicebs rom mas TavSi araferi ar mosdis, froidi Tvlis rom es aris winaaRmdegobis SeniRbuli moqmedeba, imitom rom ufro meti dakvirveba dagvarwmunebs azrTa msvlelobis Sewyvetis SeuZleblobaSi. es SeniRbuli winaaRmdegoba zogierT SemTxvevaSi gamoixateba TavSi mosuli azris mimarT kritikul damokidebulebasa da mis mniSvnelovnobaze orWofobaSi. fsiqoTerapevti Tavs icavs msgavsi SemTxvevebisagan is avadmyofs am SesaZleblobis Sesaxeb winaswar afrTxilebs da moiTxovs rom azrebis mimarT kritikuli damokidebuleba gamoiricxos. man unda isaubros yvelaferze. am wesis Tanaxmad fsiqoTerapevti uzrunvelyofs sakuTar Tavs im masaliT, romelic aucileblad miiyvans mas gandevnili kompleqsebis kvalamde. es aris azrTa masala, rasac avamdyofi ar afasebs da risganac Tavs aRwevs, Tuki is ara eqimis, aramed winaaRmdegobis zemoqmedebis qveS imyofeba. es azrTa masala fsiqoanalitikosisaTvis warmoadgens jarTs, romlisaganac man axsna ganmartebis ostatobaze dayrdnobiT Zvirfasi liToni unda gamoadnos. Tuki fsiqoanalitikoss aqvs survili avadmyofisagan misi kompleqsebis Sesaxeb swrafi winaswari cnobebi moipovos, am kompleqsebs Soris arsebuli urTierTkavSirebis gamocnobis dawyebamde, amisaTvis fsiqoTerapevts SeuZlia gamoiyenos asociaciuri eqsperimenti. (iseTive saxiT, rogorc is aris warmodegnili iungisa da misi mowafeebis mier). es meTodi froidma Seadara iseTive Sedegs rogorsac iZleva qimikosisaTvis xarisxobrivi analizi. aqve froidi aRniSnavs, rom nevrotikebis mkurnalobisas SegviZlia ar gamoviyenoT es meTodi, magram is aucilebelia kompleqsebis obieqturi demonstraciisaTvis, aseve fsiqozebis kvlevisas. magram azrebis damuSaveba aracnobieris kvlevis erTaderT teqnikas ar warmoadgens. amave mizans emsaxureba kidev sxva ori saSualebac: avadmyofis sizmrebis axsna-ganmarteba da mcdari da SemTxveviTi qmedebebis gamoyenebac. froidi gansakuTrebulad aRniSnavs sizmrebis ganmartebisa da analizis udides mniSvnelobas aracnobieris kvlevis teqnikebs Soris. sizmrebis ganmarteba warmoadgens samefo gzas aracnobieris Secnobisaken. froidi Tvlis, rom Ramis sizmrebis produqtebi warmoadgenen erTis mxriv yvelaze udides garegan msgavsebas da Sinagan kavSirs sulieri avadmyofobis simptomebTan, meores mxriv isini sruliad Seesabamebian Cvens jansaR cxovrebas. froidi darwmunebulia rom sruliad sworia is mosazreba, rom visac ar esmis sizmrebi, halucinaciebi, bodviTi ideebi da xasiaTis cvlilebani, mas ar unda qondes pretenzia avadmyofuri mdgomareobis gamovlinebis gagebaze. am saxis diletantebs is miakuTvnebs fsiqiatrebs. froidi axdens sizmrebis problemis zedapirul analizs. Cveulebriv gamoRviZebisTanave Cven iseTive qedmaRluri damokidebuleba gvaqvs Cveni sizmrebis mimarT, rogoric aaqvT avamyofebs im SemTxveviTi azrebis mimarT, romlebic esoden esaWiroeba fsiqoanalitikoss. xSir SemTxvevaSi xdeba sizmrebis ugulvebelyofa da daviwyeba. msgavsi dabali Sefaseba ukavSirdeba sizmrebis uCveulo xasiaTs da im absurdulobasa da uazrobas rac zogierT sizmars axasiaTebs. Cveni zizRi aseve gamowveulia miswrafebebis ganuzomeli znedacemulobisagan rac vlindeba sizmrebSi saaSkaraod. Tumca Zvel droSi siamrebis mimarT ar iyo aseTi zizRiani damokidebuleba. Tumca froidi ver poulobs verafers iseTs ramac SesaZlebelia daamtkicos sizmrebis winaswarmetyveluri mniSvneloba. maT Sesaxeb bevri sxva ram SeiZleba iTqvas rac sakmaod gasaocari SeiZleba iyos aseve. 8

pirvelyovlisa froidi aRniSnavs, rom yvela sizmari ar aris CvenTvis esoden ucxo da gaugebari. mas magaliTis saxiT moyavs bavSvebis sizmrebi, romlebic warmoadgenen survilebis Sesrulebas, im survilebisa rac bavSvs wina dRes gaCenia. bavSvebis sizmrebi ar saWiroeben ganmartebas. zrdasrulTa SemTxvevaSi ki sruliad sapirispirod, sizmrebis Sinaarsi Zalian gaugebaria da ar warmoadgens survilebis asrulebis asaxvas. am sakiTxze pasuxi Semdegi saxisaa, sizmrebma damaxinjeba ganicades; maT safuZvelSi mdebare fsiqikuri procesi, sruliad gansxvavebul sityvier gamoxatulebas poulobs. aucilebelia sizmris aSkara Sinaarsis gamijvna sizmris faruli azrebisagan. aSkara Sinaarsi romelsac sityvierad sakmaod didi siZneleebiT warmosTqvamT diliT da sizmris faruli azri, romelic fsiqikuri aracnobieris sferoSi imyofeba. sizmrebis amgvari damaxinjebac aris igive procesi, romelsac gavecaniT isteriuli simptomebis warmoqmnis kvlevisas. es procesi miuTiTebs imaze, rom sizmrebis warmoqmnisas adgili aqvs sulieri Zalebis iseTive brZolas, rogorc simptomebis warmoqmnisas. sizmrebis Sinaarsi aris aracnobieri azrebis damaxinjebuli Canacvleba da swored es damaxinjeba aris mes damcavi Zalebis amoqmedeba, anu im winaaRmdegobis romelic fxizlobisas gandevnil azrebs / survilebs cnobierSi SeRwevis SesaZleblobas saerTod ar aZlevs. imisaTvis rom davrwmundeT sizmrebis faruli azrebis namdvil arsebobaSi da aseve rom maTsa da aSkara Sinaarss Soris aris garkveuli kavSiri, SesaZlebelia sizmrebis analizze dayrdnobiT, romlis meTodika fsiqoanalitikur meTodikas ukavSirdeba. unda gamoiricxos elementebis yovelgvari moCvenebiTi kavSirebi da unda iyos Sekrebili SemTxveviTi azrebi, romlebic aRmocendebian Tavisufali asocirebisas sizmris TiToeul elementTan dakavSirebiT. amave dros unda iyos daculi fsiqoanalizis mTavari wesi. am masalidan faruli azrebis Sesaxebs cnobebs moipovebT iseve rogorc es xdeba avadmyofis azrebis SemTxvevaSic, romlis azrebic mis simptomebs da mogonebebs ukavSirdebian, Cven vigebT misi faruli kompleqsebis Sesaxeb. amgvari gziT mopovebuli azrebis Sedegad, Tqven mixvdebiT Tu ramdenad marTeblia zrdasrulTa sizmrebic ganixilebodnen bavSvebis sizmrebis Tanaxmad. is rac aRmoCndeba aSkara Sinaarsis adgilze sizmris namdvili azris saxiT, warmoadgens ganvlili dRis ganmavlobaSi Seusrulebeli survilis asrulebas. sizmris namdvili Sinaarsi romelic gaxsendebaT gamoRviZebisas, SesaZlebelia iyos gansazRvruli rogorc gandevnili survilebis SeniRbuli asruleba. am process froidi uwodebs sizmris muSaobis / moqmedebis process. cnobieri da aracnobieri procesebis garda froidi gamoyofs Sededebisa da daZvris procesebs ( ). sizmris moqmedeba aris gansxvavebuli fsiqikuri dajgufebebis urTierTzemoqmedebis calkeuli SemTxveva, sxva sityvebiT fsiqikis gaxleCis calkeulis SemTxvevis Sedegi. amave dros sizmrebis analizisas, gansakuTrebiT sakuTari sizmrebisa, waawydebiT aRmoCenas: adamianis ganviTarebisas udidesi roli eniWeba STabeWdilebebsa da SegrZnebebs romelic bavSvs ganucdia adreul asakSi. sizmrebis samyaroSi bavSvi agrZelebs arsebobas zrdasrulSi Tavisi gansakuTrebulobebisa da survilebis SenarCunebiT. amave dros froidi gansakuTrebul yuradRebas aqcevs imas, rom aracnobieri iyenebs garkveuli saxis simbolikas, gansakuTrebiT es exeba seqsualuri kompleqsebis asaxvas, romelic nawilobriv individualurad gansxvavdeba, xolo nawilobriv ki Seesabameba im simbolikas romelis gamoiyeneba Cvens miTebsa da zRaprebSi. froidi aseve aRniSnavs SiSis momgvreli sizmrebis arsebobas da im faqts rom am SemTxvevaSic sizmari Cveni gandevnili survilis asaxvas warmoadgens. nevrotuli SiSis safuZveli aris swored is reaqcia, romelic aRmocendeba mes mier mZlavri survilebis gandevnis SemTxvevaSi. 9

sizmrebis ganmartebis ganxilvis Semdgom froidi gadadis sulieri fenomenebis mesame jgufze, romelTa Seswavlac aseve warmoadgens fsiqoanalitikur saSualebas. es aris SecdomiTi / mcdari qmedebebi, rogorc sulierad jansaRi, aseve nerviuli adamianebis SemTxvevaSic. Cveulebriv msgavs wvrilmanebs ar aniWeben did mniSvnelobas. amas miekuTvneba magaliTisaTvis imis daviwyeba rac Zalian kargad unda icodes adamianma, (sakuTari saxelis daviwyeba). froids moyavs iseTi umniSvnelo magaliTebi rogoricaa wamocdenebi, Secdomebi marTlwerisas, sagnebis dakargva an gatexva. saubrisas tanisamosis an sxeulis romelime nawiliT TamaSi da a. S. mokled is wvrilmanebi rasac ar aqceven yuradRebas rogorc wesi. msgavsi wvrilmanebi, SecdomiTi, simptomatiuri an SemTxveviTi qmedebani ar arian moklebuli mniSvnelobas. isini yovelTvis savse arian azriT / SinaarsiT da SesaZlebelia iyvnen Tavisuflad ganmartebuli im situaciebidan gamomdinare, sadac warmoiSvebian. maTi analizi iwvevs daskvnas, rom es miswrafebani TavisTavad gamoxataven impusebsa da swrafvebs, romlebic gandevnilia / ganridebulia da unda iyvnen dafaruli cnobierisagan, an pirdapir miekuTvnebian aracnobier survilebsa da kompleqsebs. aqedan gamomdinare isini iseTive Sefasebas imsaxureben rogorc es simptomebi da maTi Seswavla SesaZlebelia gvaZlevdes sulieri cxovrebidan gandevnilis Secnobis Sedegs. maTi meSveobiT adamiani Tavis yvelaze intimur saidumloebebs avlens. froidi amaxvilebs yuradRebas imaze, rom fsiqoanalitikosi gamoirCeva sulieri cxovrebis determinirebulobisadmi rwmeniT. misTvis fsiqikur cxovrebaSi araferi ar warmoadgens wvrilmans, SemTxveviTs an uneblies. is yvelgan motivirebis amocnobis molodinSia, iqac, sadac amgvari moTxovna SesaZlebelia arc ki iyos. froidi aqve aRniSnavs iseTi movlenebis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobas (fsiqoanalizis teqnikis TvalsazrisiT) rogoric aris gadatana. IV

seqsualobis eTiologiuri mniSvneloba. infantiluri seqsualoba. siyvarulis amerkeli damkvirvebeli bavSvobis asakSi. fsiqoanalizebi bavSvebTan. autoerotizmis faza. sqesobrivi cxovrebis saboloo formireba. nevrozis kavSiri perversiasTan. nevrozebis birTvuli kompleqsi. bavSvis CamoSoreba mSoblebisagan.
fsiqoanalitikuri kvlevebs avadmyofTa tanjvis simptomebi maTi sasiyvarulo cxovrebis STabeWdilebebamde dahyavT. es kvlevebi exeba erotiul swrafvebs da gvaiZuleben vaRiaroT, rom erotikis moSlilobebs miewerebaT gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba avadmyofobis gamomwvev faqtorebs Soris, rac orive sqesis SemTxvevaSia damaxasiaTebeli. (eTiologia avadmyofofbis mizezebis Seswavlis mecniereba / kvleva.) froidi aRniSnavs, rom is mkvlevarebic ki vinc eTanxmebian mas fsiqologiur samuSaoebTan dakavSirebiT, orWofoben seqsualuri faqtoris mizezobrivobasTan dakavSirebiT avadmyofobis aRmocenebis SemTxvevaSi da usvamdnen mas (froids) kiTxvas Tu ratom ar SeiZleboda rom gandevnisa da Canacvlebis mizezad sxva sulieri gancdebi ar yofiliyvnen. razec froidi pasuxobs, rom winaaRmdegi ar iqneboda rom ase yofiliyo, magram gamocdileba aCvenebs am motivebis mniSvneloba ar aris iseTive, ufro metic, isini seqsualuri motivebis moqmedebas exmarebian, magram verasodes ver axdenen maT Canacvlebas. froidi xazs usvams im faqts, rom seqsualuri motivebi yovelTvis saidumloebiT moculia da pacientebs arasodes ar surT maTi gamxela, isini xSir SemTxvevaSi styuian, rac zogadad miRebulia kulturul sazogadoebaSi. yvela cdilobs dafaros sakuTari erotika. 10

Tumca froidi aRniSnavs, rom erTis mxriv simptomebis fsiqoanalitikuri kvleva ara seqsualur, aramed ubralo banalur travmatul gancdebamde midis. aucilebeli analitikuri samuSao ar unda SeCerdes avadmyofobis droindel gancdebze, Tuki miznad aris dasaxuli safuZvliani kvleva da gankurneba. is unda Seexos sqesobrivi momwifebis periods da SemdgomSi adreuli bavSvobis asaksac, rom moxdes im STabeWdilebebisa da gancdebis gansazRvra ramac SemdgomSi avadmyofoba ganapiroba. mxolod da mxolod bavSvobis gancdebi iZlevian Semdgomi travmebis mimarT mgrZnobelobis axsnas, da mxolod da mxolod am mogonebebis aRmoCeniTa da gacnobierebiT (es mogonebani xSir SemTxvevaSi daviwyebulia) Cven movipovebT am simptomebis daZlevis Zalas. am SemTxvevaSi iseTive Sedegs viRebT rogorc sizmrebis analizisas, - bavSvobidan SemorCenili magram gandevnili survilebi simptomebis aRmocenebas uwyoben xels. am survilebis gareSe momdevno travmebze arsebuli reaqcia normalurad warimarTeboda. xolo bavSvobis Zlier survilebs SesaZlebelia seqsualuri survilebis saxeldeba mivaniWoT. froidi Tvlis rom bavSvi Tavidanve aris seqsualuri survilebis mflobeli da anxorcielebs garkvul seqsualur qmedebebsac. bavSvis seqsualuri instinqti Zalian rTulia; mas axasiaTebs mraval komponentad daSla, es komponentebi gansxvavebuli wyaroebidan warmoiqmnebian. upirveles yovlisa, seqsualuri instinqti sruliad ar aris damokidebuli gamravlebis funqciaze, romlis mizansac is emsaxureba mogvianebiT. is iswrafvis gansxvavebuli tipis siamovnebebis miRebisaken da miRwevisaken. infantiluri seqsualobis mTavari wyaro aris garkveuli saxis gansakuTrebli aRgznebis mqone sxeulis nawilebis Sesabamisi gaRizianeba, genitaliebis garda, piris, ukana , aseve kanisa da sxva lorwovani garsebis gaRizianebac. vinaidan bavSvobis am fazaSi dakmayofileba moipoveba sakuTari sxeulis farglebSi, ar aris gverdiTi obieqtis yolis saWiroeba. am fazas elisis terminiT froidi autoerotiuls eZaxis. kargi magaliTia wova ToTo bavSvebis SemTxvevaSi. Semdgomi etapia genitaliebis masturbaciuli gaRizianeba, rac zogierTi individis mier mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi ar aris amowuruli. garda am autoerotiuli qmedebebisa, bavSvs sakmaod adreul asakSi axasiaTebs seqsualuri dakmayofilebis is komponentebic, rac obieqtis saxiT sxva pirsac saWiroebs. es komponentebi wyvilSi aRmocendebian da arian rogorc aqtiuri aseve pasiuri saxisac; froidi asaxelebs sadizms sxva pirisadmi tkivilis miniWebisagan siamovnebis gancda da mis pasiuri weevils mazohizmsac. aseve aqtiuri da pasiuri TvalTvalis survili. TvalTvalis aqtiuri survilidan SemdgomSi aRmocendeba Semecnebis survili, xolo pasiuri formidan mxatvrisa da artisitis mdgomareobisadmi swrafva / midrekileba. seqsualuri qmedebis sxva gamovlinebani ukve miekuTvnebian siyvaruli obieqtis arCevans. amasTanave mniSvnelovan rols asrulebs am SemTxvevaSi sxva piri, rac pirvelyovlisa ukavSirdeba TviTgadarCenis instinqts. bavSvobis am periodSi sqesis sxvaoba ar iZens gadamwyvet mniSvnelobas / rols. amgvarad SesaZlebelia TiToeul bavSvs homoseqsualuri midrekilebac mivaniWoT. jer kidev pubertatis periodamde, aRzrdis zegavleniT garkveuli saxis ltolvebis sakmaod energiulad ganidevnebian, maSinve aRmocendebian iseTi sulieri Zalebi rogoricaa sircxvili, zizRi, morali, rac mcvelis msgavsad akavebs am gandevnebs. rodesac pubertatis periodSi aRmocendebian sqesobrivi moTxovnilebebi, gandevnili reaqtiuli warmonaqmnebisa da winaaRmdegobis formas iZens, rac SeuZleblad aqcevs gandevnili midrekilebebis / moTxovnilebebis aRdgenas. zogadi paTologiis mixedviT nebismieri ganviTareba paTologiuri winaganwyobis Canasaxs atarebs, kerZod, ganviTarebis procesi SesaZlebelia iyos Sekavebuli, Senelebuli an arasakmarisi. igive ram exeba seqsualuri funqciis ganviTarebasac. seqsualuri ganviTareba yvela individuumTan mdored ar mimdinareobs, aramed zogierT SemTxvevaSi tovebs anomaliebs an winaganwyobas ufro gviandeli avadmyofobisadmi sapirispiro ganviTarebis gziT (regresia). 11

SesaZlebelia moxdes ise, rom yvela ltolva ar daeqvemdebaros genitaluri zonis upiratesobas; am SemTxvevaSi damoukideblad darCenili komponenti warmoadgens imas, rasac vuwodebT perversias da ramac SesaZlebelia Secvalos normaluri seqsualuri mizani sakuTariT. orive sqesis pirveladi erTmniSvnelovnoba aseve SesaZlebelia iyos garkveuli gavlenis mqone; mowiful asakSi aqedan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia iyos warmoqmnili homoseqsualuroba. amgvari darRvevebis mTeli rigi ganapirobebs seqsualuri funqciis ganviTarebis Sekavebas; amas miekuTvnebian perversiebi da arc ise iSviaTi SemTxveva seqsualuri cxovrebis infantilizmi. nevrozebisadmi winaswarganwyoba gansxvavebuli saxiT ukavSirdeba sqesobrivi ganviTarebis darRvevas. nevrozebi ukavSirdebian perversiebs, rogorc pozitivi negativs. nevrozis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia iyos dadasturebuli iseTive komponentebis arseboba, rogorc kompleqsebis matareblebisa da simptomebis warmomqmnelebis, rac SeiniSneba aseve perversiebisas. magram am SemTxvevaSi isini aracnobierad moqmedeben. fsiqoanalizi aRmoaCens, rom amgvari ltolvebis gadametebuli gamovlineba adreul asakSi Taviseburi saxis nawilobriv fiqsacias ganapirobebs, xolo msgavsi fiqsacia warmoadgens sust wertils seqsualuri funqciis struqturaSi. froidi aRwers oidiposis kompleqsis mniSvnelobas da bavSvis damokidebulebasa da ganwyobas misi mSoblebisadmi da aseve garkveul urTierTganwyobas da-Zmebs Soris. yvelaferi es safuZvels uyris nebismier nevrozis birTvul kompleqss da froidi Tvlis rom mosalodnelia misi aRmoceneba sulieri cxovrebis sxva sferoebSic. is paralels avlebs mefe oidiposisa da Seqspiris hamletis nawarmoebebTan, sadac pirvel SemTxvevaSi mSobelTa incestis survilis motivi Riad xolo meore SemTxvevaSi ki farulad aris gamovlenili. im periodSi, rodesac bavSvi ganicdis birTvuli kompleqsis zemoqmedebas, romelic jer kidev ar aris gandevnili, misi gonebrivi moqmedebis umniSvnelovanesi nawili eZRvneba seqsualur kiTxvebs. misi piradi ltolvebis gavleniT, rac ganasxvavebs bavSvs zrdasrulisagan, is ayalibebs ramodenime infantilur seqsualur Teorias, sadac orive sqess msgavsi sasqeso organoebi mieniWeba, Casaxva xdeba sakvebis miRebiT, xolo dabadeba defekaciis aqtis meSveobiT. koituss bavSvi aRiqvams rogorc garkveuli saxis mtrul aqts, Zaladobas. sruliad normaluria da gardauvali is, rom bavSvi Tavis seqsualur da sasiyvarulo saobieqtad sakuTar mSoblebs irCevs. Tumca bavSvis CamoSoreba mSoblebisagan unda warmoadgendes aseve gardauval amocanas imisaTvis, rom bavSvis socialur mdgomareobas ar emuqrebodes saSiSroeba. froidi aRniSnavs, rom fsiqoanalitikuri mkurnaloba SesaZlebelia iyos moazrebuli rogorc momdevno aRmzrdelobiTi samuSao, infantiluri narCenebis CamoSorebis TvalsazrisiT. V.

regresia da fantazia. nevrozi da xelovneba. gadatana. gandevnilis ganTavisuflebis SiSi. fsiqoanalitikuri samuSaos Sedegebi. seqsualuri gandevnis mavne done.
froidi Tvlis rom adamianebi xdebian avad, Tuki maT ar eZlevaT SesaZlebloba realurad daakmayofilon TavianTi erotiuli moTxovnileba garegani winaaRmdegobebis an adaptirebis Sinagani ukmarisobis Sedegad. maSin froidis sityvebiT isini garbian avadmyofobaSi rom amgvarad moipovon arasakmarisi dakmayofilebis Canacvleba. avadmyofobis simptomebSi vlindeba avadmyofis seqsualuri qmedebis nawili, an mTeli misi seqsualuri cxovreba. am simptomebis mTavar tendecias warmoadgens realuri samyarosagan ganrideba, es 12

aris yvelaze didi ziani romelic mieniWeba adamians avadmyofobis Sedegad. froidi Tvlis rom avadmyofebis winaaRmdegoba gamojanmrTelebisadmi ar aris martivi, is Sedgeba mravali motivisagan. gamojanmrTelebas ewinaaRmdegeba ara mxolod avadmyofis me, aramed misi seqsualuri ltolvebic. daukmayofilebeli realobisagan Tavis daRweva avadmyofobaSi arasodes ar gamoricxavs avadmyofisaTvis uSualo mogebas siamovnebis TvalsazrisiT. amgvari Tavis daRweva xorcieldeba sapirispiro ganviTarebis meoxebiT (regresiiT), seqsualuri cxovrebis ganvlili fazebisadmi dabrunebiT, romlebic Tavis droze ganapirobebdnen dakmayofilebas. amgvari regresia vlindeba froidis azriT ormxrivia: pirvelyovlisa es aris droebiTi regresia, romelic mdgomareobs imaSi rom libido, erotiuli moTxovnileba brundeba ganviTarebis winare fazebze. da meores mxriv formaluri, romelic mdgomareobs imaSi, rom erotiuli moTxovnilebis gamovlena Tavs iCens pirvelyofili primitiuli saSualebebiT. regresiis orive saxeoba ukavSirdeba bavSvobas da sqesobrivi cxovrebis infantiluri mdgomareobis aRdgenas. froidi xazs usvams im garemoebas rom adamianebi xSirad mimarTaven fantasias vinaidan realoba yovelTvis ar Seesabameba moTxovnilebebsa da SesaZleblobebs. misi azriT energiuli da Sromisunariani adamiani aris swored is, vinc axerxebs sakuTari fantaziebis realobaSi ganxorcielebas. sadac es ar aris SesaZlebeli garemo faqtorebis gamo, individuumi tovebs realobas da iZireba sakuTar fantastiur samyaroSi, romelic misTvis ufro metad aris damakmayofilebeli. daavadebis SemTxvevaSi am fantastiuri samyaros Sinaarsi vlindeba simptomebis saxiT. Tuki realobisadmi mtrulad ganwyobili pirovneba amasTanave mxatvruli niWiTac aris dajildovebuli, mas SeuZlia Tavisi fantaziebi gamoxatos ara simptomebis, aramed mxatvruli qmnilebebis saxiT, riTac is Tavs aRwevs nevrozss da amgvari movliTi gziT ubrundeba isev realobas. froidi Tvlis, rom Cvens droSi nevrozi Canacvlebulia monasteriT, vinaidan iq midian isini, vinc cxovrebaSi imedgacruebulia an cxovrebisaTvis Tavs zedmetad sustad Tvlis. froidi midis im daskvnamde, rom nevrozebs ar gaaCniaT mxolod maTTvis damaxasiaTebeli Sinaarsi, mas moyavs iungis sityvebi: nevrotikebi itanjebian imave kompleqsebiT, rasac ebrZvian janmrTeli adamianebi. froidi aseve aRniSnavs, rom yovelTvis, rodesac mimdinareobs nevrotikis kvleva, avadmyofi xSirad avlens arasasiamovno gadatanis movlenas, mas gadaaqvs eqimze nazi da xSir SemTxvevaSi mtruli ganwyobis mqone grZnobebic. es faqti metyvelebs imaze, rom nevrozis mamoZravebeli Zala seqsualuria. imis gamo, rom avadmyofi ver ixsenebs Tavis grZnobebTan dakavSirebuli cxovrebis raime nawils, is ganicdis amas eqimTan mimarTebaSi da mxolod da mxolod gadatanisas am gancdis gamo, is rwmundeba am aracnobieri seqsualuri ltolvebis arsebobasa da simZlavreSi. am SemTxvevaSi froidi iyenebs qimiis Sedarebas da ambobs, rom is simptomebi, romlebic warmoadgenen warsuli sasiyvarulo gancdebis naleqs, SesaZlebelia gaqrnen mxolod da mxolod gadatanis gancdis maRali temperaturis Sedegad. mxolod maSin aris SesaZlebeli maTi gadayvana sxva fsiqikur produqtebSi. ferenCis gamoTqmiT eqimi asrulebs am reaqciis katalizatoruli fermentis funqcias, romelic ganTavisuflebul afeqtebs droebiT Tavisken miizidavs. swored gadatanis Seswavla iZleva SesaZleblobas hipnoturi STagonebis wvdomisaTvis. froidi aRniSnavs rom gadatana xdeba nebismieri saxis urTierTobebis SemTxvevaSic da yvela SemTxvevaSi is atarebs Terapiuli zemoqmedebis mniSvnelobas. aqedan gamomdinare fsiqoanalizi ar qmnis gadatanebs, is mxolod da mxolod gaumxels cnobierebas maTi arsebobis Sesaxeb da eufleba maT imisaTvis rom fsiqikuri gancdebi sasurveli miznisaken warmarTos.

13

sqesobrivi ltolvis TeoriisTvis I. seqsualuri gadaxrebi froidi aRniSnavs sqesobrivi ltolvis, sakvebis miRebisa da SimSilis analogias. xalxur enaSi ar arsebobs SimSilis Sesabamisi aRniSvna, xolo mecniereba iyenebs sityvas libido. zogadi Sexeduleba Sesaabameba im mosazrebas, rom bavSvobaSi msgavsi ltolvebi ar arseboben, mozard asakSi Cndeba mizidulobis Zala gansxvavebul sqess Soris, rac mTavrdeba an SeerTebiT an sqesobrivi aqtisadmi mimavali qmedebebiT. magram froidi Tvlis rom msgavsi Sexedulebani mcdaria da sakmaod zedapiruli. froids Semoyavs ori termini: is piri romelic axdens sqesobrivi ltolvis STagonebas warmoadgens seqsualur obieqts, xolo is qmedeba romlisadmic es ltolva biZgs iZleva aris seqsualuri mizani. am SemTxvevaSi froidi Tvlis rom mraval gadaxras vxvdebiT. II. seqsualuri obieqtis mimarT arsebuli gadaxrebi zogadad miRebuli sqesobrivi ltolvis Teoria Seesabameba poetur zRapars romlis mixedviTac adamiani gayofilia mamakacur da qalur sawyisebad da isini miiswrafvian gaerTianebisaken siyvarulSi. Tumca arseboben iseTi mamakacebi, romelTaTvis seqsualur obieqts warmoadgens mamakaci da aseve qalebic qali seqsualuri obieqtiT. msgavs pirebs uwodeben seqsualurad-garyvnilebs, an invertirebulebs. xolo TviT faqts inversias. a. inversia invertirebulebis qceva msgavsi pirebi gansxvavebulad iqcevian. a) isini arian sruliad invertirebulebi, maTTvis sapirispiro sqesis adamiani zizRis momgvrelia da ar aqvT unari sqesobrivi aqtis ganxorcielebisa an ganxorcielebisas ver iReben siamovnebas. b) isini arian amfigenurad invertirebulebi (fsiqoseqsualuri hermafroditebi), anu maTi sqesobrivi obieqti SesaZlebelia iyos rogorc maTi msgavsi, aseve gansxvavebuli sqesis mqonec; am SemTxvevaSi inversia moklebulia gamonakliss. v) isini arian SemTxveviT invertirebulni garkveuli garemo pirobebidan gamomdinare, pirvel rigSi normaluri seqsualuri obieqtis miuwvdomloba da mibaZva/wabaZva. maT SeuZliaT TavianTi seqsualuri obieqtis SerCevisas Tavisive sqesis pirze SeaCeron arCevani da am seqsualuri aqtiT dakmayofileba miiRon. froidis sityvebiT msgavsi ltolva sakmaod cvalebadia. arsebobs iseTi SemTxvevebic ki rodesac xdeba perioduli cvlileba normalur da invertirebul seqsualur obieqts Soris. inversiasTan dakavSirebuli Sexeduleba am SemTxvevaSi froidi gamoyofs or Tvalsazriss: Tandayolilobasa da degeneracias. is maT damoukideblad ganixilavs. degeneracia degeneracias miakuTvneben gansxvavebuli tipis daavadebebs, romelnic ar arian travmatuli da infeqciuri warmoSobis. am SemTxvevaSi sasurvelia Tuki ar visaubrebT degeneraciaze: 1. im SemTxvevaSi rodesac ar arsebobs normisagan mZime gadaxra; 2. im SemTxvevaSi rodesac Sromisunarianoba da sicocxlisunarianoba mTlianobaSi mZimed dazianebuli ar aris. Zalian bevri faqti metyvelebs imaze rom invertirebulebi ar arian degeneratulebi. 14

1. inversia gvxvdeba iseT pirebTan romelTac ar gaaCniaT normisagan sxva seriozuli gadaxra. 2. umravlesoba im pirTagan visi Sromisunarianoba da eTikuri kultura aris maRal ganviTarebuli, aseve inteleqtic arian invertirebulni. 3. Tuki sruliad ganze gavdgebiT yovelgvari samedicino kvlevebisagan, vxvdeviT ori mimarTulebis mqone faqts: 1) antikur xanaSi inversia miRebuli iyo garkveuli instituciebis mier. 2) is gavrcelebuli iyo velur da primitiul xalxebs Soris da aqedan gamomdinare rasobrivi da klimaturi zegavlenac am SemTxvevaSi mniSvnelobis mqone iyo. Tandayoliloba Tandayoliloba mieniWeba invertirebulebis ukiduress klass, rac dafuZnebulia am pirTa mtkicebaze, rom maTi cxovrebis arc erTi periodis ganmavlobaSi ar gaaCndaT ltolva sapirispiro sqesisadmi. am Tvalsazrisis sapirispirod arsebobs kidev sxvac, romlis mixedviTac inversia aris SeZenili xasiaTis seqsualuri ltolva. amis safuZvels warmoadgens is rom 1) mravali invertirebulisaTvis arsebiTia maTze zegavlenis mqone adreul periodSi SeZenili seqsualuri STabeWdileba, romlis xangrZliv Sedegs warmoadgens homoseqsualuri midrekileba; 2) sxvebis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia garegani ganmapirobebelisa da sapirispiro gavlenis mqone cxovrebiseuli zegavlenebis aRniSvna, ramac SemdgomSi inversiis fiqsacia gamoiwvia. 3) inversia SesaZlebelia iyos aRmofxvrili hipnozis zegavleniT, rac ucnauria misi Tandayolili xasiaTis SemTxvevaSi. saboloo jamSi froidi Tvlis, rom Tandayolilisa an SeZenilis alternativa ar aris sruli, an ar Seesabameba inversiisas arsebul pirobebsa da garemoebebs. inversiis axsna froidi svams kiTxvas aris Tu ara sakmarisi gansxvavebuli movlenebis arseboba inversiis warmoqmnis asaxsnelad, Tu kidev arsebobs pirovnebaSi raRac, rac am zegavlenebze pasuxisaTvis iyo mzad. biseqsualurobis Sesavali am SemTxvevaSi froids moyavs magaliTi imisa, rom anatomiaSi arsebobs iseTi SemTxvevebic rodesac sqesobrivi gansxvavebis moxdena rTulia. amgvari pirebis genitaliebi Seicaven rogorc mamakacur aseve qalur niSanTvisebebsac (hermafroditizmi). anatomiuri hermafroditizmis cnobili donea, rodesac TiToeul normalurad mowyobil qalur an mamakacur individs gaaCnia sxva sqesis aparatis Canasaxic, romelic SenarCunebulia rudimentaluri organos saxiT romelTac ar gaaCniaT funqcia, an iZenen sxva funqciebs vidre es maTTvis aris Sesabamisi. amgvari anatomiuri faqtebidan gamomdinare arsebuli Sexeduleba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom arsebobs pirveladi biseqsualuri ganwyobis daSveba, romelic iZens monoseqsualurobis ganviTarebas, amave dros SenarCunebulia sxva sqesisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli niSanTvisebebic. froidis azriT sruliad marTebuli iqneboda am Sexedulebis gadatana fsiqikur sferoSi da moxdes inversiis gacnobiereba gansxvavebuli formebiT, msgavs SemTxvevaSi rogorc fsiqikuri hermafroditizmisa. fsiqikuri hermafroditizmi iqneboda ufro xelSesaxebi, Tuki obieqtis sqesobrivi inversiis paralelurad masSi aseve moxdeboda sxva sulieri maxasiaTeblebis cvlilebac. Tumca amgvari invertirebulobis aRmoCena garkveuli regularulobiT SesaZlebelia invertirebuli qalebis SemTxvevaSi. inversiis mqone mamakacebs SenarCunebuli aqvT sulieri mamakacuroba. igive iTqmis somatur ormag sqesobrivobaze. 15

invertirebulebis sqesobrivi obieqti fsiqikuri hermafroditizmis Teoriis varaudis mixedviT invertirebulebis seqsualuri obieqti normalurebis sapirispiroa. miuxedavad imisa, rom es marTalia inversiis mqone pirTa saerTo maxasiaTeblis Sesaxeb, es ar warmoadgens inversiis saerTi niSanTvisebas. Tumca im mamakacTa umravlesoba, romelic invertirebulobis SemTxvevaSi mainc inarCunebs mamakacurobis fsiqikur maxasiaTebels, ar flobs meore sqesis maxasiaTeblebs (qalurobas) da Tavis seqsualur obieqtSi eZebs qalur fsiqikur maxasiaTeblebs. magaliTad berZnebis SemTxvevaSi, romelTa invertirebulebis SemTxvevaSi aseve yvelaze mamakacuri kacebi gvxvdebian, aSkara aris is, rom maTTvis mimzidveli ar iyo biWis mamakacuri xasiaTi, aramed misi miaxloveba (garegani) qaluri tipisadmi, aseve misi sulis qaluri maxasiaTeblebi: TavSekavebuloba, morcxvoba, mudmivi daxmarebisa da Wkuis darigebis saWiroeba, - rac aRvivebda siyvaruls mamakacSi. (damtkicebulia, rom invertirebuli tipis adamianebSi, zogadad Warbobs arqauli konstitucia da primitiuli fsiqikuri meqanizmebi. maTi yvelaze arsebiTi maxasiaTebelia obieqtis narcisistuli arCevanis zegavlena da analuri zonis erotiuli mniSvnelobis SenarCuneba. magram yovelgvar sargeblobas aris moklebuli is, rom amgvari konstituciuri niSanTvisebebis safuZvelze moxdes ukiduresi tipis invertirebulebis gamoyofa danarCenebisagan.) (Ferenczi Tavis statiaSi gamoyofs or tips: subieqthomoerotiks, romelic Tavs grZnobs da iqceva ise rogorc qali, da obieqthomoerotiks, romelic absoluturad mamakacuria da Canacvlebuli yavs qaluri obieqti Tavisi msgavsi sqesis obieqtiT. pirvels is Tvlis rogorc sruliad namdvil Sualedur seqsualur tips, xolo meores froidis azriT naklebad warmatebulad uwodebs nevrotiks, romelic itanjeba akviatebulobiT. inversiisadmi midrekilebis brZola, da aseve fsiqikuri zemoqmedebis SesaZlebloba gaaCnia mxolod obieqthomoerotiks.) gacilebiT ufro gansazRvrulia urTierTobebi qalis SemTxvevaSi. am SemTxvevaSi aqtiurad invertirebulebi Tavisi sqesobrivi obieqtebisagan moiTxoven qalurobas da Tavad gaaCniaT sakmaod mkveTrad gamovlenili somaturi da sulieri maxasiaTeblebi. Tumca am SemTxvevaSic ufro siRrmiseuli dakvirveba mTel rig gansxvavebulobebs gvaCvenebda. invertirebulebis seqsualuri mizani Zalian mniSvnelovani is faqti rom inversiis SemTxvevaSi seqsualuri mizani ar SeiZleba iyos erTmniSvnelovani. amas ar davwer daskvna froidi amaxvilebs yuradRebas imaze, rom kavSiri seqsualur ltolvasa da seqsualur obieqts Soris mWidrod warmogvedgina. aranormaluri SemTxvevebis gamocdileba gvaCvenebs, rom msgavsi kavSiri arsebobs, magram normaluri formebis msgavsebis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia es kavSiri ver SevamCnioT. Tavdapirvelad rogorc Cans sqesobrivi ltolva obieqtisagan damoukidebelia da ar gamomdinareobs misi mimzidvelobidan. b. cxovelebi da seqsualuri obieqtebi sqesobrivi TvalsazrisiT moumwifebeli pirebi rogorc

am SemTxvevaSi froidi ganixilavs im SemTxvevebs rodesac seqsualur obieqts warmoadgenen moumwifebeli pirebi bavSvebi da cxovelebi. pirveli SemTxveva exeba iseTi tipis 16

individebs romelTac gaaCniaT garkveuli impotencia an impulsuri (gadaudebeli) ltolva romelic ar aZlevs maT saSualebas arsebul momentSi Sesabamis obieqts daeuflon. cxovelebis SerCeva seqsualur obieqtebad ZiriTadad miRebulia soflis mosaxleobas Soris. froidis mixedviT esTeturi mosazrebebidan gamomdinare vlindeba survili rom msgavsi qmedeba sulierad avadmyofs mivakuTvnoT, magram es ar aris marTebuli. gamocdileba aCvenebs rom maT ar gaaCniaT sqesobrivi ltolvebis gansakuTrebuli darRvevebi jansaR adamianebTan Sedarebisas. magaliTad seqsualuri Zaladoba bavSvebTan mimarTebaSi yvelaze xSir SemTxvevas warmoadgens maswavlebelTa da ZiZebis mxridan, vinaidan maT saamisod ufro xelsayreli pirobebi eZlevaT. sulierad avadmyofebs ki msgavsi gadaxra gaaCniaT ufro gaZlierebul formebSi. (Zveli drois samyaros sasiyvarulo cxovrebis yvelaze didi gansxvaveba Cveni drois sasiyvarulo cxovrebasTan mdgomareobs imaSi, rom Zveli drois adamianebi upiratesobas aniWebdnen ltolvas, xolo Cven upiratesoba gadavitaneT TviT obieqtze. Tuki adre ltolva iyo pativcemuli da naklebad faseuli obieqti gakeTilSobilebuli xdeboda ltolvis arsebobis gamo, dResdReobiT TviTon ltolva aris naklebad Rirebuli da misi gamarTleba xdeba obieqtis Rirsebebidan gamomdinare). 2. seqsualur mizanTan dakavSirebuli gadaxrebi perversiebi TavisTavad warmoadgenen: an a) gadasvlas sxeulis anatomiuri farglebis miRma, rac ganpirobebulia sqesobrivi SeerTebisaTvis, an b) SeCerebas seqsualuri obieqtisadmi arsebul Sualedur urTierTobebze, rac normalur SemTxvevaSi swrafad gadailaxeba saboloo seqsualuri miznisaken mimaval gzaze. a. anatomiuri farglebis miRma gasvla seqsualuri obieqtis gadafaseba froidi saubrobs im fsiqikur Sefasebaze romelsac iRebs/iZens seqsualuri obieqti, Zalian iSviaT SemTxvevaSi aris Semofargluli mxolod genitaliebiT, aramed vrceldeba mTels sxeulze. aseve igive gadafaseba vrceldeba mTels fsiqikur sferoze (gansjis sisuste). siyvarulis ndoba am SemTxvevaSi avtoritetis pirvel wyaros warmoadgens. seqsualuri gadafasebis momentis mniSvneloba umjobesia iyos Seswavlili mamakacis SemTxvevaSi vinaidan zogadad qalis sasiyvarulo cxovreba gaurkvevelia da bneliT moculi qalebis gulaxdilobis uqonlobis gamo. pirisa da tuCebis lorwovani garsis seqsualuri gamoyeneba am SemTxvevaSi froidi ZiriTadad saubrobs im zizRis Sesaxeb romelic amave dros gaaCnia individs. yuradReba aris gamaxvilebuli zizRis momentze, romelic xelis SemSlelia seqsualuri obieqtis libidonozuri gadafasebisaTvis, magram gadailaxeba libidos mier. swored am zizRidan gamomdinare aRiqmeba perversiad genitaliebisa da piris an tuCebis Sexebisas. analogiuri daskvna aris gamotanili amis Semdgom Tavzec. sxeulis sxva nawilebis mniSvneloba seqsualuri obieqtis sxeulis sxva nawilebis flobisadmi swrafva aris misi sruli flobis gamovlineba. magram am SemTxvevaSi froidi aRniSnavs rom sxeulis zogierTi nawili piris lorwovani garsi da ukana nawili rac xSir SemTxvevaSi gvxvdeba amgvari kombinaciebisas, avlenen erTgvar midrekilebas rom isini Sefasdnen rogorc genitaliebi da maT moepyrnen amis Sesabamisad. 17

seqsualuri obieqtis Seusabamo Canacvleba fetiSizmi am SemTxvevaSi froidi ganixilavs im SemTxvevas rodesac seqsualuri obieqtis Canacvleba xdeba Seusabamo da sruliad usargeblo obieqtiT. es SesaZlebelia iyos sxeulis nawili, fexi, Tma, an raime nivTi, usulo sagani, romelsac aqvs garkveuli kavSiri seqsualur obieqtTan (kabis nawilebi, TeTreuli). msgavsi Canacvleba utoldeba fetiSs, raSic veluri Tavis TvTaebas ganasaxierebs. froidi aRniSnavs rom seqsualuri ltolvis arc erTi variacia romelic emijneba paTologias, ar imsaxurebs aseT interess, rac gamowveulia misi zegavlenidan gamomdinare ucnauri movlenebiT. msgavsi fetiSizmis done Cveulia normaluri sasiyvarulo urTierTobebisaTvisac. paTologiuria SemTxveva maSin, rodesac fetiSisadmi swrafva seqsualuri obieqtis adgils ikavebs/Caenacvleba. gansxvavebuli SemTxvevisas obieqtis Canacvleba fetiSiT moxda azrTa simboluri msvlelobidan gamomdinare, romelic ZiriTadad gaucnobierebelia individis mier. b. winare seqsualuri miznebis fiqsacia axali survilebis/zraxvebis gaCena Cqmeta/xeliT mosinjva da Tvaliereba/cqera adamianisTvis garkveuli donis xeliT mosinjva aucilebelia normaluri seqsualuri miznisaTvis. aqedan gamomdinare xeliT mosinjvaze Seyovneba naklebad SesaZlebelia iyos ganxiluli rogorc perversia, Tuki sqesobrivi aqti viTardeba im SemTxevaSi. aseTive mniSvnelobis aris Tvaliereba/cqera. perversiad cqerisa da TvalTvalis ltolva gadaiqceba maSin rodesac a) Tuki mxolod genitaliebiT aris Semofargluli, b) Tuki dakavSirebulia zizRis grZnobis gadalaxvasTan (gamoyofis funqciis TvalTvali) g) Tuki normaluri seqsualuri miznis Semzadebis nacvlad mis srul Canacvlebas warmoadgens. ukanaskneli SemTxveva naTlad gamoixateba eqsgibicionistebTan. am SemTxvevaSi (igulisxmeba sakuTari Tavis Cvenebisa da Tvalierebis ltolva) seqsualuri mizani ormagi saxiT vlindeba: aqtiuri da pasiuri. is Zala romelic dajabnis Tvalierebis ltolvas aris sircxvili (rogorc adreul SemTxvevaSi zizRi). sadizmi da mazohizmi es aris yvelaze xSiri perversiebi midrekileba seqsualur obieqtisadmi tkivilis miyenebisa da piriqiT. es aris yvelaze mniSvnelovani da xSiri tipis perversiebi V. KrafftEbingma uwoda aqtiuri da pasiuri sadizmi da mazohizmi (pasiuri). algolagniis safuZveli martivi asaxsneli da dasamtkicebelia. mamakacTa umetesobis seqsualuroba agresiulia, rac vlindeba Zaladobrivi dapyrobiT. rogorc Cans es gamowveulia seqsualuri obieqtis winaaRmdegobis gadalaxvis mizniT. froidis azriT mxolod maSin rodesac obieqtis damorCilebisa da misi tanjvis Sedegad miiRweva dakmayofileba, sadizmi warmoadgens perversias. msgavsi SesaZlebelia iTqvas mazohizmis SemTxvevaSic. rodesac dakmayofileba miiReba seqsualuri obieqtis mxridan miyenebuli fizikuri an sulieri tkivilidan gamomdinare. froidis azriT mazohizmi rogorc perversia sadizmTan SedarebiT ufro Sors aris normaluri seqsualuri miznisagan; Cndeba eWvi warmoiqmneba is TavisTavad, aris Tu ara is pirveladi, Tu viTardeba sadizmidan, warmonaqmnidan gamomdinare. xSir SemTxvevaSi Cans rom 18

mazohizmi aris sadizmis gagrZeleba, romelic momarTulia sakuTar Tavze/pirovnebaze, romelic droebiT enacvleba seqsualur obieqts. kacobriobis kulturis istoria amtkicebs rom daundobloba da sqesobrivi ltolva ukavSirdeba erTmaneTs, magram am kavSiris asaxsnelad libidos agresiuli momentis xazgasmis garda ganviTareba ver moxerxda. froidi xazs usvams kanibalur miswrafebebsac am perversiis yvelaze didi gansakuTrebuloba mdgomareobs imaSi rom misi aqtiuri da pasiuri formebic vlindeba erTsa da imave pirovnebaSi. 3. zogadad perversiebis Sesaxeb variaciebi da avadmyofoba xSir SemTxvevaSi perversiis avadmyofuri xasiaTi SesaZlebelia aRmovaCinoT ara axali seqsualuri miznis SinaarsSi, aramed normalurisadmi arsebul damokidebulebaSi: Tuki perversia Cndeba normaluris farglebs gareT (seqsualuri mizani an obieqti igulisxmeba) da yvela SemTxvevaSi axdens normaluris gandevnas/Canacvlebas; perversiis gansakuTrebulobasa da fiqsirebulobaSi Cven vxedavT ufro met safuZvels imisaTvis rom SevafasoT igi rogorc avadmyofuri simptomi. fsiqikis monawileoba perversiebSi froidi axdens daskvnas rom yvela saxis amaRlebuli da mdabio mWidrod ukavSirdeba seqsualurobas. ori daskvna seqsualur ltolvas uxdeba brZola iseT sulier ZalebTan rogoricaa sircxvili da zizRi (morali mogvianebiT). arsebobs varaudi rom es Zalebi monawileoben ltolvis im farglebSi SenarCunebisas, rac normalurad aris miCneuli. Semdeg froidi akeTebs daskvnas, rom zogierTi perversia gasagebi xdeba gansxvavebuli motivis arsebobidan gamomdinare, rac imis safuZvels iZleba rom arsebobdes analizi-daSveba, rac niSnavs imas, rom perversiebi rTuli saxis arian Tavisi bunebidan gamomdinare. es erTis mxris iZleva miniSnebas rom TviT seqsualuri ltolva SeiZleba Sedgebodes komponentebisagan, rac zogierT SemTxvevaSi CamoSordeba xolme perversiebis saxiT. 4. seqsualuri ltolva nevrotikebis SemTxvevaSi fsiqoanalizi froidi Tvlis rom seqsualuri energia ara mxolod avsebs is Zalebs, romlebic garkveulwilad kvebaven avadmyofur movlenebs (simptomebs), aramed amticebs rom es ltolvebi warmoadgenen nevrozis erTaderT mudmiv da yvelaze mniSvnelovan wyaros, ase rom am pirebis seqsualuri cxovreba vlindeba upiratesad, mxolod an nawilobriv am simptomebis saxiT. fsiqoanalizi xsnis isteriulebis simptomebs im varaudidan gamomdinare, rom es simptomebi Canacvlebas, TiTqos da mTeli rigi afeqturi sulieri procesebis transkrifcias warmoadgenen, romelic xdeba gansakuTrebuli fsiqikuri procesis (gandevnis) Sedegad. swored es Sekavebuli aracnobier mdgomareobaSi myofi azrebi iswrafvian gamoxatvisaken da isteriis SemTxvevaSi pouloben gamosavals konversiis procesSi somaturi fenomenebis saxiT, isteriuli simptomebi igulisxmeba. fsiqoanalizis Sedegebi 19

aqedan gamomdinare gaxda cnobili rom simptomebi warmoadgenen Tavis Tavad swrafvebis Canacvlebas, romlebic Tavis Zalas poveben seqsualuri ltolvis wyaroebSi. isteriul xasiaTSi vlindeba garkveuli donis seqsualuri gandevna, romelic normaluris farglebs scildeba, am SemTxvevaSi amaRlebulia winaaRmdegoba seqsualuri ltolvis mimarT, rac cnobilia CvenTvis rogorc sircxvili, zizRi, morali, da erTgvari instinqturi Tavis daRweva seqsualuri problemis Sesaxeb inteleqtualuri saubrebisagan, rac gamoxatulia sruli umecrebiT seqsualuris Sesaxeb sqesobrivi mowifulobis asakis miRwevis periodSic ki. ltolvis moTxovnisa da uaryofis ukuqmedebidan gamomdinare konfliqti povebs gamosavals avadmyofobaSi, romelic ver axdens kofliqtis gadawyvetas, aramed cdilobs misgan (gadawyvetisagan) daaRwios Tavi rasac axdens libidonozuri ltolvis gardasaxviT simptomSi. Tuki isteriuli adamiani, avad xdeba garkveuli banaluri sulieri xdomilobis gamo, im konfliqtidan gamomdinare romlis centrSic ar imyofeba seqsualuri interesi, amgvari tipis gamonaklisi mxolod moCvenebiTia. am SemTxvevaSi fsiqoanalizs yovelTvis SeuZlia daadasturos rom konfliqtis mxolod seqsualuri komponenti qmnis avadmyofobis SesaZleblobas. nevrozi da perversia fsiqoanalizi gviCvenebs, rom simptomebi ar aRmocendeba normaluri seqsualuri ltolvis xarjze, aramed warmoadgenen ltolvebis konvertirebul gamoxatulebas, es ltolvebi SesaZlebelia iyvnen saxeldebuli rogorc pervertirebulebi, rom yofiliyo SesaZlebeli maTi gamovlena cnobierebaSi uSualod da qmedebebSic. simptomebi aqedan gamomdinare warmoiqmneba aranormaluri seqsualobis xarjze: nevrozi perversiis negativs warmoadgens. fsiqonevrotikebis seqsualur cxovrebaSi SesaZlebelia Segvxvdes yvela is gadaxra, romelic ganvixileT normaluri seqsualuri cxovrebis variaciebis saxiT da aseve rogorc avadmyofuris gamovilnebanic: a) yvela nevrotiks (gamonaklisis gareSe) aracnobier sulier cxovrebaSi inversiisadmi ltolva gaaCnia, libidos fiqsacia Tavisive sqesis pirovnebaze. b) yvela fsiqonevrotiks isev aracnobierSi SesaZlebelia aRmoaCndes gansxvavebuli saxis midrekileba anatomiuri farglebis gadalaxvis mimarT. maT Soris yvelaze xSiria da intensiuri iseTi tipis rogoricaa genitaliebis rolis gadatana piris lorwovan garsze da ukana nawilze; g) gansakuTrebul rols ikavebs fsiqonevrozebis SemTxvevaSi sapirispiro wyvilebis saxiT gamovlenili ltolvebi (Partialtriebe), esenia axali seqsualuri miznebis matareblebi: ltolva TvalTvalisa da eqsgibicionizmisadmi, aseve aqtiurad da pasiurad gamovlenili ltolva daundoblobisadmi. swored am kavSiridan gamomdinare libidosa da daundoblobis xdeba siyvarulis gadasvla siZulvilSi, nazi sulieri grZnobebis dapirispirebulisadmi, rac damaxasiaTebulia nevrotuli SemTxvevebis umravlesobisaTvis. froidis aRniSnavs aseve rom iq sadac aracnobierSi vlindeba iseTi ltolva romelic SesaZlebelia arsebobdes raimesTan wyvilSi (sapirispirosTan), aucileblad iarsebebs is sapirispiro ltolvac. nebismieri aqtiuri perversia Tanmxlebia misi pasiuri wyviliTac; vinc aracnobierSi eqsgibicionistia, is amavdroulad TvalTvalis moyvarulic aris (voyeur). calkeuli ltolvebi da erogenuli zonebi froidi ganmartavs rom ltolvis qveS igulisxmeba im mudmivi Sidasomaturi gaRizianebis wyaros fsiqikuri warmomadgenloba romelic gansxvavdeba gaRizianebisagan, romelic miiReba calkeuli gare gamRizianeblebisagan. aqedan gamomdinare ltolva aris is rac ganasxvavebs suliers sxeulebrivisagan. ltolvis wyaros warmoadgens gaRizianebis garkveuli procesi raime organoSi da ltolvis uaxloes mizans warmoadgens am gaRizianebis aRkveTa. Semdgomi varaudi ltolvebis Sesaxeb arsebul swavlebSi exeva im faqts, rom sxeulis organoebi ormagi saxis gaRizianebas iZlevian, romelic ganpirobebulia maTi qimiuri bunebidan 20

gamomdinare. gaRizianebis erT saxeobas Cven veZaxiT seqsualurs da gaRizianebis organos erogenul zonas vuwodebT. akviatebulobis nevrozis dros, yvelaze did mniSvnelobas iZens impulsebis Rirebuleba, romlebic qmnian axal seqsualur miznebs, rac rogorc Cans damoukidebelia erogenuli zonebisagan. magaliTad eqsgibicionizmisa da TvalTvalisagan miRebuli siamovnebis dros erogenul zonas Tvali warmoadgens. igive SesaZlebelia iTqvas kanis Sesaxeb, rodesac seqsualuri ltolvisas daundoblobisa da tkivilis miyenebis konponentia CarTuli, zogierT adgilas kani diferencirebas ganicdis da modificirdeba lorwovani garsis saxiT, rogorc erogenuli zona. fsiqonevrozebis upiratesobis axsna SemTxvevaSi perversiuli seqsualurobis moCvenebiTi

sruliad SesaZlebelia, rom am avadmyofebis konstitucionaluri winaganwyoba, seqsualuri gandevnis sagrZnobi zomisa da udidesi seqsualuri ltolvis garda, aseve ganapirobebs uzomo midrekilebas perversiisadmi am sityvis farTe mniSvnelobiT. fsiqonevrotikebis umetesobas daavadeba uCndebaT maSin rodesac isini aRweven mowiful asaks da uCndebaT normaluri sqesobrivi cxovrebis moTxovnileba. swored am moTxovnilebis sapirispirod warimarTeba gandevna. an Cndeba ufro gviandeli daavadebebi, rodesac libido uars Rebulobs dakmayofilebisaTvis normaluri gziT. orive SemTxvevaSi libido iqceva ise, rogorc nakadi romlis dinebac brkoldeba. is avsebs im kolateralur gzebs romlebic iqamde carieli iyo. nevrozebis calkeul SemTxvevebSi SesaZlebelia gansxvavebuli saxis viTareba iyos: pirvel SemTxvevaSi gadamwyveti mniSvnelobis mqonea perversiisadmi arsebuli ltolvis simZafre/simaRle, meores mxriv ki am midrekilebis kolateraluri gaZliereba normaluri seqsualuri miznisagan an seqsualuri obieqtisagan libidos ganridebidan gamomdinare. seqsualurobis infantilizmze gadatana froidis sityvebiT imis damtkicebiT, rom perversiuli sulieri ltolvebi fsiqonevrozebis SemTxvevaSi simptomebs warmoqmnian, gafarTovda im adamianTa ricxvi vinc SesaZlebelia CaiTvalos perversiulad. Tumca froidi aqve aRniSnavs, rom nevrozebisadmi winaganwyoba ar warmoadgens TavisTavad did gansakuTrebulobas. aseve sakamaTo aRmoCnda is sakiTxic aRmocendebian Tu ara perversiebi (rogorc amas Tvlida Binet fetiSizmTan mimarTebaSi) Tu Tavdapirveladve Tandayolili xasiaTis arian. aseve froidi aRniSnavs im faqts rom Tuki perversiebis Tandayolilobaze vimsjelebT, SesaZlebelia rom es fesvebi ganviTardes egret wodebul normalur seqsualur cxovrebaSic. Semdeg Cven gavacnobierebT, rom msgavsi konstitucia, romelsac gaaCnia yvela saxis perversiis Canasaxi, SesaZlebelia demonstrirdes mxolod bavSvTan, Tumca mis SemTxvevaSi yvelanairi saxis ltolvebi SeiZleba gamovlindnen naklebi intensivobiT. Tuki am msjelobis Tanaxmad froidis azriT nevrotikebSi davinaxavT seqsualurobis SenarCunebas infantilur mdgomareobaSi an sulac misdami dabrunebis TvalsazrisiT, maSin Cveni interesis sfero unda moicvas bavSvis seqsualurma cxovrebam. infantiluri seqsualuroba

bavSvebisadmi arasakmarisi yuradReba


sqesobrivi ltolvisadmi arsebuli zogadi azris mixedviT, miRebulia mosazreba, rom is ar arsebobs bavSvobis periodSi da mxolod mozardobis asakis dros Cndeba.

infantiluri amnezia
21

froidi xazs usvams erT-erT fsiqikur fenomens, romelsac uwodebs Tavisebur amnezias. es movlena vrceldeba 6, 8 wlamde asakze umetes SemTxvevebSi (magram ara yvela SemTxvevaSi). amave dros fsiqologiuri gamokvlevebis warmoebis SemTxvevaSi davrwmundebiT, rom is STabeWdilebebi, romelic Cven faqtiurad daviwyebuli gvaqvs, toveben kvals Cvens sulier cxovrebaSi da axdenen gadamwyvet zegavlenas Cvens momdevno ganviTarebaze. saubari aris iseTi tipis amneziaze, romelsac adgili aqvs nevrotikebis SemTxvevaSi da romlis arsic mdgomareobs imaSi, rom ar moxdes am STabeWdilebebis cnobierebaSi daSveba (moxdes gandevna). garkveulwilad kavSiri myardeba nevrotikebisa da bavSvebis sulier cxovrebas Soris. froidi xazs usvams im faqts rom arsebobs bevri movlena romelic SemdgomSi adamians aviwydeba, magram sxvebze warmoebuli fsiqologiuri kvlevidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia davrwmundeT, rom swored is STabeWdilebani romlebic dagvaviwyda, sakmaod did zegavlenas axdenen Cvens sulier cxovrebaze da gadamwyveti mniSvnelobis iyvnen Cveni momdevno ganviTarebisaTvis. aq saubaria ara im SemTxvevaze rodesac sruliad ikargeba mexsiereba, aramed amneziis Sesaxeb, romelic SeimCneba nevrotikebTan da romlis arsic mdgomareobs imaSi, rom ar moxdes cnobierebaSi daSveba (gandevna moxdes). amasTanave froidi xazs usvams im faqts, rom infantiluri amneziis arsebobakidev erT kavSirs ganapirobebs fsiqonevrotikisa da bavSvis sulieri cxovrebis Sedarebisas. Cven ukve ganvixileT sxva saxis kavSiri, rodesac saubari gvqonda im formulasTan dakavSirebiT, romlis mixedviTac fsiqonevrotikis seqsualuroba bavSvur safexurzea SenarCunebuli an ubralod daubrunda am stadias. froidi Tvlis rom infantiluri amnezias, romelic faravs adamianisaTvis mis bavSvobas da misive sqesobrivi cxovrebis dasawyiss, gamomdinareobs im faqtidan, rom zogadad bavSvobis asaks saerTod ar aniWeben mniSvnelobas seqsualuri cxovrebis ganviTarebis TvalsazrisiT. bavSvobis latenturi seqsualuri periodi da misi darRvevebi froidi saubrobs imis Sesaxeb rom bavSvs dabadebidanve Tan axlavs seqsualuri cxovrebis Canasaxebi da am Canasaxebis ganviTareba garkveul periodSi iTrguneba, xolo SemdgomSi xdeba am dabrkolebis garRveva momdevno seqsualuri ganviTarebiT, romelic SesaZlebelia iyos Sekavebuli individualuri maxasiaTeblebidan gamomdinare. am oscilirebadi ganviTarebis Sesaxeb cota ram aris cnobili, magram 3, 4 wlis bavSvebis seqsualuri cxovreba vlindeba dakvirvebisaTvis misawvdomi formebiT. seqsualuri Sekavebani/dabrkolebebi am periodSi yalibdeba iseTi sulieri Zalebi, romlebic SemdgomSi aviwroveben seqsualur ltolvas (sircxvilis SegrZneba, zizRi, idealis esTeturi da moraluri moTxovnilebebi). saamisod kulturuli bavSvis SemTxvevaSi didi mniSvnelobis mqonea aRzrdis momenti. magram sinamdvileSi es ganviTareba aseve ganpirobebulia organuladac da aRzrdis gareSec miiRweva. reaqtiuli warmonaqmnebi da sublimirebani kulturis istorikosebi eTanxmebian im mosazrebas romlis Tanaxmadac seqsualuri ltolvebis Zalebis gadaxra seqsualuri miznebisagan da maTi momarTuleba gansxvavebul miznebze sublimirebis saxelwodebis mqone procesi, SesaZlebeli xdeba gansxvavebuli kulturis saxeobebisaTvis saWiro komponentebis amoqmedeba. iqidan gamomdinare, rom seqsualuri gancdebi ver pouloben TavianT gamoyenebas, vinaidan gvaris gagrZelebis funqcia mogvianebiT Cndeba, isini arasasiamovno SegrZnebebs warmoSoben. aqedan gamomdinare es SegrZnebebi sapirispiro sulier Zalebs iwveven (reaqtiul moZraobebs), romlebic qmian Zlier fsiqikur safuZvels am arasasiamovno SegrZnebebis daTrgunvisaTvis, rogoricaa zizRi, sircxvili da morali. 22

latenturi periodis garRvevebi drodadro Cndeba garkveuli seqsualuri gamovlinebebis nawili, romlebic ar daeqvemdebarnen sublimirebas, an SenarCunebulia raime saxis seqsualuri qmedeba mTeli latenturi periodis ganmavlobaSi seqsualuri ltolvis gaZlierebuli gamovlinebis momentamde. am SemTxvevaSi aRmzrdelebis mxridan idevneba yvela is seqsualuri gamovlineba romelic bavSvs gaaCnia rogorc garkveuli xarvezi. infantiluri seqsualurobis gamoxatulebani froidi infantiluri seqsualuri gamovlinebis magaliTad iRebs wovas, romelsac mTeli naSromi miuZRvna lindnerma. wova wova vlindeba ToTo bavSvis asakSi, SesaZlebelia gagrZeldes mozardobis periodamde da mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSic ki, am SemTxvevaSi igulisxmeba wova, romelic ar isaxavs miznad sakvebis miRebas. am SemTxvevaSi TviT tuCis nawili, ena, fexis TiTic ki aris xolme wovis obieqtis arCevani. wova xSir SemTxvevaSi mTels yuradRebas ipyrobs da sruldeba an ZiliT, an motoruli reaqciiT, romelic orgazmis msgavsia. wovas xSirad Tan axlavs sxeulis mgrZnobiare adgilebis sresa, fereba, aqedan gamomdinare bavSvebi wovidan xSirad gadadian masturbaciaze. autoerotizmi es termini warmoiqmna swored am ganxiluli sakiTxidan gamomdinare, siamovneba miiReba ara garegani obieqtiT, aramed sakuTari sxeulidan is autoerotiulia. froids xazs usvams wovis sasicocxlo mniSvnelobas bavSvis cxovrebis pirveli wlebis ganmavlobaSi. Tavdapirvelad erogenuli zonis dakmayofileba ukavSirdeboda sakvebis miRebiT miRebul dakmayofilebas. Tavdapirvelad seqsualuri qmedeba dakavSirebulia im funqciasTan romelic emsaxureba sicocxlis gadarCenas da mxolod SemdgomSi xdeba misgan damoukidebeli. froidi aRniSnavs, rom Tuki bavSvi midrekilebas iCens wovisadmi, maSin ufro meti albaToba aris rom zrdasrul asakSi mas midrekileba eqneba kocnisadmi perversiuli kocnebisadmi, xolo mamakacis SemTxvevaSi midrekileba sigaretis mowevisa da loTobisadmi. aseve is aRniSnavs, rom es momenti aseve gadatanilia sakvebis miRebazec. mravali isteriuli pacienti romelsac gaaCnda darRvevebi sakvebis miRebaSi, isteriuli globusi, SekumSuloba yelSi da gulisreva, bavSvobaSi energiuli wova axasiaTebdaT. infantiluri seqsualobis seqsualuri mizani erogenuli zonebis niSnebi froidi aRniSnavs, rom kanis an lorwovani garsis nebismieri sxva adgili SesaZlebelia gaxdes erogenuli zonis funqciis matarebeli. aqedan gamomdinare gaRizianebis xarisxi ufro meti mniSvnelobis mqonea siamovnebis SegrZnebis gamomwvevasTan mimarTebaSi, vidre sxeulis nawilis adgilmdebareoba. Tuki wovis moyvaruli bavSvi raime obieqts miagnebs, magaliTad ZuZus kerts, an genitaliebs da mieCveva mis upiratesobas, maSin es misTvis iqneba ukve upiratesi adgili. analogiuri morgebuloba SeiniSneba isteriis simptomatologiaSic. erogenuli da isterogenuli zonebi gansxvavdebian msgavsi niSanTvisebebiT. infantiluri seqsualuri mizani

23

infantiluri ltolvebis seqsualur mizans warmoadgens is, rom garkveulwilad miRebuli iyos dakmayofileba SerCeuli erogenuli zonis Sesabamisi gaRizianebis Sedegad. CvenTvis ukve cnobilia tuCebis zona. sxva nawilebic Segvxvdeba rogorc seqsualurobis wyaroebi. dakmayofilebis ganmeorebis mdgomareoba vlindeba ormxrivad/ormagad: daZabulobis gansakuTrebuli SegrZnebiT, romelsac ufro metad arasasiamovno SegrZneba SeiZleba vuwodoT, romelic aris ganpirobebuli centralurad da proecirebulia periferiul erogenul zonebze. masturbaciuli seqsualuri gamovlinebani Tuki qmedebebi tuCebis erogenul zonasTan mimarTebaSi mdgomareobda wovaSi, sxva erogenuli zonebis SerCevis SemTxvevaSi saWiro iqneba sxva muskularuli qmedebebis Catareba. ukanalis zonis gamovlineba ukanalis zona tuCebis zonis msgavsad Tavisi ganlagebis mixedviT Sesabamisia saimisod, rom sxeulis sxva funqciebTan erTad seqsualur, erogenul zonad iqces. am nawilis erogenuli mniSvneloba Tavdapirvelad unda iyos sakmaod mniSvnelovnad warmodgenili. xSir SemTxvevaSi am zonas mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi SenarCunebuli aqvs garkveuli donis gaRizianebadoba. froidis azriT ar aris marTebuli gemoroidaluri movlenebis ignorireba, romlisaTvisac Zveli drois medicinas miniWebuli qonda nevrotuli mdgomareobis axsnaganmartebisas udidesi mniSvneloba. bavSvebi romlebic erogenuli zonis gaRizianebas axdenen, xSir SemTxvevaSi ikaveben kuWSi gasvlas, rom SemdgomSi didi raodenobis ganavalma moaxdinos lorwovani garsis gaRizianeba. amasTanave tkivilTan erTad aseve sasiamovno SegrZnebac Cndeba. nevrozulobis pirveli niSania rodesac bavSvs ar aqvs drouli kuWSi gasvlis survili. aseve ganavlis mimarT bavSvs kidev sxva saxis damokidebulebac aqvs, is mas Tvlis sakuTari sxeulis nawilad, afasebs mas rogorc saCuqars, swored am mniSvnelobidan gamomdinare is mogvianebiT iZens bavSvis mniSvnelobas, romelic erT-erTi infantiluri seqsualuri Teoriis Tanaxmad Caisaxeba sakvebis miRebisas da ibadeba saWmlis momnelebeli sistemidan. fekaluri masebis Sekaveba, nevropatebTan xSirad arsebuli kuWis Sekrulobebis mizezs warmoadgens. analuri zonis masturbaciuli gaRizianeba TiTiT sakmaod xSiria zrdasruli asakis bavSvebTan. genitaluri zonis gamovlineba erogenul zonebs Soris aris iseTi romelsac ar eniWeba pirveladi roli da romelic ver iqneba seqsualuri gancdebis matarebeli Tavdapirvelad, magram momavalSi ukve mniSvnelovani xdeba. biWisac da gogos SemTxvevaSic es aris Sardis gamoyofasTan dakavSirebuli zona. am erogenuli zonis seqsualuri gamovlinebani romlebic miekuTvnebian sqesobriv nawilebs, warmoadgenen normaluri sqesobrivi cxovrebis dasawyiss. anatomiuri ganlagebidan gamomdinare, gamoyofisagan gamowveuli gaRizianebebiTa, dabaniT da nebismieri higienuri procesidan gamomdinare gaCenili siamovnebis SegrZnebebi bavSvis yuradRebas ipyroben da iwveven maTi ganmeorebis moTxovnilebas. swored siyrmiseuli onanizmis formidan gamomdinare (saeWvoa rom vinme ar anxorcielebdes am qmedebas) mtkicdeba am erogenuli zonis momavali primate sqesobrivi aqtivobis dros. qmedeba romelic iwvevs siamovnebas mdgomareobs xaxunSi an barZayebis refleqtorul daWeraSi. es ukanaskneli gvxvdeba gogonebs SemTxvevaSi. biWis mier ganxorcielebul masturbaciul aqtSi is upiratesoba romelic mieniWeba xels, miuTiTebs im faqtze Tu ramdenad mniSvnelovan damatebas miiRebs dauflebisadmi swrafva mamakacis sqesobriv qmedebaSi. 24

froidi miuTiTebs, rom arsebobs infantiluri masturbaciis sami faza. pirveli miekuTvneba yrmobis periods, meore seqsualuri gamovlinebebis xanmokle gamovlinebas, oTxi wlis asakis periodSi, mesame Seesabameba sqesobrivi mowifulobis periodSi onanizmis gamovlinebebs. bavSvuri masturbaciis meore faza SesaZlebelia siyrmiseuli masturbaciis uwyveti gagrZeleba sqesobrivi momwifebis periodis CaTvliT kulturuli adamianisaTvis sasurveli ganviTarebis Seferxebis gamomwvevi iyos. SesaZlo viTarebebi gansxvavebuli saxis aris xolme da maTi garkveva SeiZleba mxolod calkeuli SemTxvevebis detaluri ganxilviT. magram meore fazes yoveli wvrilmani tovebs Rrma kvals aracnobierSi, da ganapirobebs am piris xasiaTis ganviTarebas da aseve nevrozis simptomatikas Tuki is avad xdeba axalgazrdobaSi. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi mTeli es periodi daviwyebas miecema. siyrmiseuli masturbaciis dabruneba am SemTxvevaSi froidi ZiriTadad saubrobs poluciis SemTxvevebze, romelic ZiriTadad emarTebaT gogonebs. am periodis Sardis buStis daavadebebi ukavSirdeba seqsualur daavadebebs: enuresis nocturna rac Seesabameba polucias, Tuki ar aris epileptikuri xasiaTis. seqsualuri qmedebis axali gamovlinebisaTvis didi mniSvneloba aqvs Sinagan mizezebsa da garegan mizezebs: nevrotuli daavadebis SemTxvevaSi simptomebis formid mxriv SesaZlebelia gamovicnoT nebismieri, xolo fsiqoanalitikuri kvlevis daxmarebiT avxsnaT orive SemTxveva. froidi aseve masturbaciis qmedebis mizezad asaxelebs moxiblvis faqtors, romelic SesaZlebelia iyos ganpirobebuli rogorc zrdasrulebis aseve mozrdili bavSvebi mxridanac. polimorful-perversiuli winaganwyoba bavSvi SeiZleba gaxdes polimorful-perversiuli moxiblvis zegavlenidan gamomdinare, rac mdgomareobs imaSi rom SeiZleba misi dayolieba nebismier garyvnilebaze. es gamomdinareobs misi konstituciidan iseTi sulieri maxasiaTeblebi rogoricaa sircxvili, morali da zizRi jer ar aris Camoyalibebuli masSi. froidi paralels avlebs saSualo arakulturul qalTan da meZavTan. calkeuli midrekilebani Tumca moxiblvis zegavlena ar axdens sqesobrivi ltolvis srul axsnas. Tumca aRsaniSnavia rom bavSvuri seqsualuri cxovreba Tavidanve aris savse iseTi komponentebiT rac gulisxmobs sxva seqsualuri obieqtebis arsebobas, garda erogenuli zonebis mniSvnelobisa. am SemTxvevaSi igulisxmeba iseTi komponentebi rogoricaa Tvaliereba, sakuTari Tavis demonstrireba. froidis sityvebiT bavSvi ar aris morcxvi da Tavisuflad axdens Tavis demonstrirebas, rac mas siamovnebas aniWebs. froidi axdens daskvnas rom Tvalierebisadmi ltolva iZens bavSvis seqsualuri cxovrebis damoukidebel gamovlinebas. amgvari tipis bavSvebi interess gamoxataven sxvebis genitaliebis mimarT da xdebian intensiuri voyeur-ebi. gandevnis Semdgom, sxvebis an sakuTari genitaliebis mimarT gamovlenili yuradReba rCeba akviatebis saxiT, romelic warmoadgens mZlavri impulsebis wyaros garkveuli nevrotuli SemTxvevebisas. froidi xazs usvams im faqts rom bavSvis xasiaTisaTvis saerTod damaxasiaTebelia daundobloba. am ltolvis safuZvliani fsiqologiuri analizi jer-jerobiT ver moxerxda; SesaZlebelia vivaraudoT rom daundobeli ltolvebi aRmocendebian dapyrobisadmi ltolvidan 25

da vlindebian seqsualur cxovrebaSi iseT dros, rodesac genitaliebs jer ar miuRiaT Tavisi gviandeli daniSnuleba. is bavSvebi romlebic gamoirCevian cxovelebisadmi da megobrebisadmi daundoblobiT, eWvs iwveven intensiuri seqsualuri qmedebis TvalsazrisiT. infantiluri seqsualuri kvleva Semecnebisadmi ltolva/swrafva daaxloebiT im droisaTvis rodesac bavSvis seqsualuri cxovreba aRwevs Tavis pirvel ganviTarebas/gadaSlas, 3-dan 5 wlamde, masSi aseve vlindeba is sawyisebi romelic miewereba Semecnebisadmi da kvlevisadmi ltolvas. Semecnebisadmi ltolva mxolod seqsualurobas exeba. misi qmedeba Seesabameba flobis sublimirebul xerxs, aseve meores mxriv is muSaobs rogorc TvalTvalisadmi ltolvis energia (Schaulust). sfinqsis amocana bavSvis kvlevis moqmedebis muSaobas amoZravebs ara Teoriuli, aramed praqtikuli interesebi. amis gamomwvevia meore bavSvis dabadebis SemTxvevaSi arsebuli SiSi, rom mas daakldeba siTbo da siyvaruli. pirveli problema romelic mis winaSea wamoWrili ar exeba sqesTa gansxvavebulobas, aramed sakiTxs: saidan warmoiSvebian bavSvebi? varaudi imis Sesaxeb rom yvela adamiani aris erTi sqesis (ZiriTadad es mosazreba biWebs gaaCniaT) warmoSobs Tavisi Sedegebidan gamomdinare mniSvnelovan infantilur seqsualur Teorias. gogo mzad aris aRiaros is sxvaoba romelic arsebobs qalur da mamakacur sasqeso organoebs Soris da masSi iRviZebs penisis mimarT adrec arsebuli Suri risgan gamomdinareobs SemdgomSi mniSvnelobis mqone survili nebismieri gogos mxridan rom iyos biWi. dabadebis Teoria froidi asaxelebs Teorias romlis mixedviTac bavSvebi warmoiSobian mas Semdeg rac xdeba raime sakvebis miReba da SemdgomSi isini ibadebian saWmlis momnelebeli sistemidan. seqsualuri urTierTobis sadisturi gageba Tuki xdeba ise rom bavSvi xdeba zrdasrulebs Soris seqsualuri aqtis mowme, xSir SemTxvevaSi is aRiqvams mas rogorc garkveuli saxis sadistur qmedebas Zaladobas, agresias da a. S. saidanac gamomdinareobs varaudi rom bavSvs ar SeuZlia raime seqsualuri Sinaarsis aRqma. fsiqoanalizi gvaZlevs saSualebas gavigoT rom msgavsi tipis naadrevi STabeWdileba safuZvels iZleva rom mogvianebiT moxdes seqsualuri miznis sadisturi gadaxra. bavSvuri seqsualuri kvlevis tipiuri warumatebloba zogadad bavSvis seqsualuri Teoriebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba iTqvas, rom isini warmoadgenen bavSvis seqsualuri konstituciis asaxvas. bavSvebi sakmaod kargad amCneven im cvlilebebs romelic gamowveulia dedis orsulobiT da zRapari weros Sesaxeb maTTvis ukve aRar JRers damajereblad. magram sakuTriv ganayofierebis organos Sesaxeb bavSvi verasodes ver xvdeba, rac faqtiurad mTavrdeba imiT, rom bavSvebis kvlevebi unayofo rCeba. Tumca seqsualuri kvleva mniSvnelovan safexurs warmoadgens samyaroSi damoukidebeli orientirebis pirveli nabijebis TvalsazrisiT. seqsualuri organizaciis ganviTarebis fazebi 26

jer-jerobiT iyo aRniSnuli rom seqsualuri organizaciis maxasiaTeblebi ZiriTadad autoerotiulia da rom misi calkeuli ltolvebi (erTmaneTisagan damoukideblad myofi) miiswrafvian siamovnebis miRebisaTvis. dasasruli aisaxeba zrdasrulTa normalur seqsualur cxovrebaSi, romlis SemTxvevaSic siamovnebis miReba saxeobis gagrZelebas miesadageba/erTvis. xolo calkeuli ltolvebi erTi erogenuli zonis primatis safuZvelze ayalibeben seqsualuri miznis miRwevis myar organizacias sxva seqsualur obieqtTan erTad. pregenitaluri organizaciebi seqsualuri cxovrebis is organizaciebi, sadac genitalurma zonebma jer-jerobiT ver SeiZines TavianTi upiratesi mniSvnelovnoba, pregenitaluri zonebia. jer-jerobiT froidis azriT cnobilia mxolod ori aseTi organizaciis Sesaxeb. pirveli aseTi pregenitaluri organizacia aris oraluri, an kanibaluri. seqsualuri qmedeba jer ar aris CamoSorebuli sakvebis miRebisagan, xolo winaaRmdegobrivobebi jerjerobiT ar ari diferencirebuli. seqsualuri mizani mdgomareobs obieqtis STanTqmaSi. am fiqtiuri paTologiiT Tavs moxveuli organizaciis gadmonaSTi mdgomareobs wovaSi, romlis SemTxvevaSic seqsualuri qmedeba uars ambobs gare obieqtze, Tavis sxeulze arsebuli obieqtis gamo. meore pregenitalur fazas warmoadgens sadistur-analuri organizacia. am SemTxvevaSi ukve aris ganviTarebuli winaaRmdegobrivoba romelic Tan sdevs mTels seqsualur cxovrebas, magram is jer ver iqneba saxeldebuli rogorc mamakacuri an qaluri, is aris aqtiuri an pasiuri. aqtiuroba vlindeba rogorc ltolva flobisadmi sxeulis muskulaturis mxridan, xolo saWmlis momenelebeli sistemis lorwovani garsis erogenuli zona rogorc pasiuri seqsualuri mizani; orive ltolvas aqvs Tavisi obieqtebi, romlebis ar Seesabameba erTmaneTs. ambivalentoba organizaciis es forma SesaZlebelia iyos SenarCunebuli mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi da mas daukavSirdes seqsualuri moqmedebis mniSvnelovani nawili. sadizmis upiratesoba, romelic analuri zonisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli mas arqaul xasiaTs aniWebs. misi sxva maxasiaTebeli aisaxeba imaSi rom orive sapirispiro ltolva, gaerTianebuli wyvilSi ganviTarebulia TiTqmis erTnairad, risi matarebelic aris termini ambivalentoba. infantiluri seqsualobis suraTis dasrulebuli aRqmisaTvis aucilebelia davamatoT rom xSirad, an SeiZleba iTqvas yovelTvis obieqtis SerCeva bavSvobis asakSi xdeba iseTive formiT, rogorc es aris damaxasiaTebeli sqesobrivi mowifulobis fazisaTvis, yvela seqsualuri swrafvebi mimarTulia mxolod erT adamianze romelTanac surT miznis miRweva. obieqtis arCevani ori drois monakveTSi SeiZleba iTqvas rom obieqtis arCevani xdeba ori drois monakveTSi, ori biZgidan gamomdinare. pirveli biZgi iwyeba 2-dan 5 wlamde da latenturi periodis ganmavlobaSi SeCerebulia an regress ganicdis; is gamoirCeva Tavisi seqsualuri miznebis infantiluri bunebiT. meore iwyeba sqesobrivi momwifebis dasawyisSi da saboloo seqsualuri cxovrebis formas ganapirobebs. obieqtis infantiluri SerCevis Sedegebi aisaxeba cxovrebis ufro gviandel periodSi; an xdeba maTi SenarCuneba, an gamococxleba sqesobrivi cxovrebis dawyebisas. obieqtis arCevani sqesobrivi simwifis dros ukve unda uaryofdes infantilur obieqtebs da ganaxldes rogorc grZnobis dineba. infantiluri seqsualobis wyaroebi 27

froidis dakvirvebidan gamomdinare seqsualuri gaRizianeba aRmocendeba: a) rogorc dakmayofilebis ganaxleba, romelic iyo gancdaSi sxva organul procesebTan kavSirSi; b) periferiuli zonebis Sesabamisi gaRizianebidan gamomdinare; g) rogorc ganpirobebuli iseTi ltolvebis arsebobidan gamomdinare, rogoricaa ltolva TvalTvalisa da daundoblobisadmi. erogenuli zonebis Seswalisas aRmoCnda, rom kanis es nawilebi gamoirCevian garkveuli saxis gaRizianebulobiT, romelic Cveulia kanis mTeli zedapirisaTvis. meqanikuri gaRizianebebi garda amisa froidi amatebs, rom seqsualuri gaRizianebis wyaro aseve SesaZlebelia iyos sxeulis ritmuli, meqanikuri ryeviT miRebuli aRznebadobebi. is ganasxvavebda sami saxis gaRizianebas: vestibularuli nervebis mgrZnobelobiTi aparati, kani da sxeulis siRrmiseuli nawilebi (kunTebi, myesebis aparati). sxeulis meqanikuri SeryeviT miRebuli siamovnebis dasturs warmoadgens is faqti, rom bavSvebs ase uyvarT iseTi tipis pasiuri TamaSebi rogoricaa rweva, haerSi agdeba, ris gameorebasac iTxoven xolme. froidi Tvlis rom igive ryeviTi moZraobebi, matarebliT an ekipaJiT mgzavrobis dros, SesaZlebelia iyvnen dakavSirebuli moZraobiTi SegrZnebebis woviT xasiaTTan, maTi seqsualurobac aseve swored aqedan gamomdinareobs. Tuki amas davamatebT gandevnas, rac sapirispirod aqcevs yvelafers, rasac bavSvebi upiratesobas aniWeben, maSin SeiZleba iTqvas rom mozardobisas da zrdasrul asakSic, zogierTi igive garemoebaze (matarebliT mgzavroba an raime sxva) reagirebs gulis revis SegrZnebiT, iRlebian mgzavrobisagan, an SiSis Setevebs avlenen da Tvs arideben mgzavrobas saerTod. muskulaturis muSaoba cnobilia, rom kunTuri moZraobis Warbi qmedeba aris bavSvis is moTxovlineba romlisaganac is udides siamovnebas ganicdis. mtkiceba imis Sesaxeb rom es siamovneba SesaZlebelia iyos raime saxis kavSirSi seqsualurTan sakmaod did winaaRmdegobas xvdeba. magram sakmaod bevri adamianeba yveba imis Sesaxeb rom seqsualuri aRgznebis pirveli niSnebi maTTvis SesamCnevi iyo maSin rodesac isini TavianT TanatolebTan Widaobdnen. am SemTxvevaSi garda kunTuri daZabulobisa aseve mniSvnelobis mqonea kanze Sexebac. froidi aRniSnavs rom Tanamedrove kulturuli ganaTleba axalgazrdobas seqsualuro qmedebisagan sportiT CamoaSorebs, Tumca ufro swori iqneboda yofiliyo naTqvami, rom sporti seqsualuri qmedebis Canacvlebas axdens mxolod. afeqturi procesebi naklebad aris saeWvo bavSvis seqsualuri gaRizianebis sxva wyaroebi. uSualo dakvirvebiT SesaZlebelia gamovitanoT daksvna, rom yvela afeqturi procesi, is aRgznebac ki romelic gamoiwveva SiSisagan, gadaecema seqsualurobas. froids moyavs gamocdis wina nerviulobis magaliTebi. rTuli amocanebis amoxsnasTan dakavSirebuli daZabuloba SesaZlebelia gadaiqces seqsualuri gaRizianebis afeTqebad. am SemTxvevaSi Cndeba gamRizianebeli SegrZnebebi, rac maT aiZulebT genitaliebze xelis mokidebisaken, iwvevs poluciis msgavs process. inteleqtualuri Sroma garda amisa froidis azriT sakmaod advilia davrwmundeT imaSi, rom mravali axalgazrdisaTvis daZabuli gonebrivi samuSao iwvevs seqsualur gaRizianebas. swored es aris namdvili safuZveli nervuli daavadebebisa, romlebic xSir SemTxvevaSi pouloben saeWvo ganmartebas gonebrivi gadatvirTvis momizezebiT. 28

a) gansxvavebuli seqsualuri konstituciebi froidi saubrobs sqesobrivi gaRizianebis wyaroebze. SesaZlebelia davuSvaT, rom es wyaroebi iZlevian biZgs yvela individTan, magram erTnairi siZlieriT es ar xdeba. da rom seqsualuri gaRizianebis calkeuli wyaroebis momdevno ganviTareba xels uwyobs gansxvavebuli seqsualuri konstituciebis Semdgom diferenciacias. b) ormxrivi zegavlenis SesaZleblobani/gzebi am SemTxvevaSi froidi saubrobs im damakavSirebel gzebze romelic aerTianebs seqsualur gaRizianebas ama Tu im gansxvavebul funqciebTan. Tuki magaliTad CvenTvis cnobilia, rom yuradRebis koncentracia dakavSirebulia seqsualur gaRizianebasTan, maSin froidis varaudiT seqsualuri gaRizianeba sapirispirod yuradRebis koncentrirebis SesaZleblobaze zemoqmedebs. III warmonqmnebi sqesobrivi momwifebis dros sqesobrivi momwifebisas dgeba im cvlilebebis dro, rodesac seqsualuri cxovreba infantiluri fazidan Tavis saboloo normalur formebSi unda Camoyalibdes. seqsualuri ltolva aqamde iyo autoerotiuli xasiaTis exla ki moipovebs obieqts. Tuki adre seqsualuri ltolvis gamovlineba xdeboda calkeul erogenul zonebSi damoukideblad, romelTaTvisac garkveuli saxis siamovneba erTaderT seqsualur mizans warmoadgenda, exla aris axali seqsualuri mizani, romlis miRwevisaTvis moqmedebs yvela calkeuli ltolva, xolo erogenuli zonebi genitaluri zonis primats eqvemdebarebian. vinaidan axali seqsualuri mizani orive sqess gansxvavebul funqciebs aniWebs, maTi ganviTareba gansxvavebul mimarTulebas iZens. froidi aRniSnavs, rom mamakacis ganviTareba ufro gasagebia, maSin rodesac qalis SemTxvevaSi garkveuli saxis regressac ki vxvdebiT. mamakacis SemTxvevaSi seqsualuri siamovnebis miniWeba aseve iZens gvaris gagrZelebis mniSvnelobas, is erTis mxriv altruistuli saxis aris . genitaluri zonis primati da winare tkboba yvelaze arsebiTi rac mowifulobis Tanmxlebia aris is rac Tvals yvelaze metad xvdeba, - garegani genitaliebis aSkara gazrda. risi zrdis Seferxebazec axdens gavlenas bavSvobis latenturi periodi. amave dros Sinagani genitaliebis zrda imdenad ganviTarda, rom maT sqesobrivi produqtebis gamoyofis unaric aqvT an maTi SeTvisebisa axali arsebis SeqmnisaTvis. amgvarad warmoiqmna Zalian rTuli aparati, romelic elis rom is gamoiyenon. es aparati unda amoqmeddes. dakvirvebebi gviCveneben, rom gamRizianeblebma masSi sami gzis saSualebiT SeiZleba SeaRwion: gare samyarodan, CvenTvis ukve nacnobi erogenuli zonebis aRgznebiT; Sinagani organoebidan da im gzebiT romelTa kvlevac jer kidev saWiro iqneba, sulieri cxovrebidan, romelic TavisTavad garegani STabeWdilebebis saganZuri da Sinagani aRgznebebis mimRebia. yvela am sami gziT miiReba is mdgomareoba, romelsac seqsualuri aRgzneba ewodeba da romelic ori saxis niSniT vlindeba, sulieriTa da somaturiT. sulieri niSnebi daZabulobis Tavisebur SegrZnebaSi vlindebian romelsac ukiduresad impulsuri xasiaTi gaaCnia: garegani cvilebebidan pirvel rigSi SeimCneva genitaliebis mTeli rigi cvlilebebi, rac seqsualuri aqtisaTvis mzaobaze metyvelebs. seqsualuri aRznebuloba seqsualuri aRznebulobiT gamowveuli daZabulobis SegrZnebasTan dakavSirebiT froidi Tvlis, rom miuxedavad gabatonebuli azrisa, es SegrZneba TavisTavad ufro arasasiamovno unda iyos. misTvis gadamwyveti mniSvnelobis aris is, rom es SegrZneba fsiqikuri viTarebis Secvlis 29

survils ganapirobebs da aqtivobisadmi iZleva biZgs, rac sruliad ucxoa tkbobis SegrZnebisaTvis. magram miuxedavad amisa is mainc sasiamovnod ganicdeba. yvelgan siamovneba im daZabulobasTan aris gaerTianebuli, romelic seqsualuri procesebiT aris gamowveuli. yvelaferi is rac Seexeba daZabulobisa da siamovnebis sakiTxs Tanamedrove fsiqologiis mtkivneul adgils exeba. seqsualuri obieqtisagan yvelaze moSorebuli Tvalis zona, obieqtisadmi dainteresebulobis SemTxvevaSi xSirad aRmoCndeba xolme iseT mdgomareobaSi rom aRigzneba obieqtis im maxasiaTebliT romelsac Cven silamazes vuwodebT. am gamRizianeblidan gamomdinare erTis mxriv tkboba, xolo meores mxriv seqsualuri aRgznebulobis mateba gamoiwveva. ra ganapirobebs im faqts rom tkbobis SegrZneba kidev ufro meti tkbobis SegrZnebas iTxovs. mis zrdas iTxovs? winare tkbobis meqanizmi erogenuli zonebis daniSnulebas warmoadgens tkbobis garkveuli raodenobis Semotana, rac Sesabamisi gaRizianebiT gamoiwveva; tkboba gaRizianebis matebas iwvevs, romelic Tavis mxriv unda iZleodes motorul energias sqesobrivi aqtis dasasruleblad. misi dasrulebis winare safexurs isev da isev erogenuli zonis, TviT genitaluri zonis gaRizianeba warmoadgens. am tkbobis zegavleniT refleqtoruli gziT viTardeba motoruli energia, romelic sqesobrivi sekreciis gamoyofas ganapirobebs. es ukanaskneli tkboba Tavisi intensivobiT yvelaze Zlieria, is meqnizmis mxriv gansxvavdeba adreulisagan. misi gamowveva xdeba daZabulobis sruli ganmuxtvis sedegad, is TavisTavad warmoadgens dakmayofilebidan gamomdinare srul tkbobas, amasTanave droebiT libidos daZabulobac qreba. froidi Tvlis rom saWiroa erogenuli zonebis gaRizianebasa da tkbobas Soris mkafio gansxvavebis moxdena. pirveli SesaZlebelia iyos wodebuli rogorc winare tkboba (Vorlust) xolo meore, rogorc saboloo tkboba (Endlust). winare tkboba infantiluri seqsualuri ltolvis msgavsia. winare tkbobis saSiSroebani Tumca winare tkbobis dakavSireba infantilur seqsualur cxovrebasTan mtkicdeba im paTogenuri roliT romelic man SesaZloa miiRos. im meqanizmidan, romelic winare tkbobas ganapirobebs, normaluri seqsualuri cxovrebis miRwevis saSiSroeba warmoiqmneba. es saSiSroeba dgeba maSin, rodesac mosamzadebeli seqsualuri procesebis romelime momentSi winare tkboba zedmetad intensiuri xdeba, xolo Sesabamisi daZabuloba SedarebiT umniSvneloa. maSin seqsualuri procesis gagrZelebis midrekileba klebulobs, mTeli es procesi mokldeba da mosamzadebeli aqti seqsualuri miznis adgils ikavebs. es SemTxveva ganpirobebulia imiT, rom Sesabamisi erogenuli zona an midrekileba ukve bavSvobis asakSi tkbobis ganuzomel raodenobas iZleoda. Tuki amas emateba kidev fiqsaciis momentebic, maSin momavalSi advili SesaZlebelia akviatebulobis gaCena, romelic ewinaaRmdegeba rom winare tkboba raime axal process / aqts daukavSirdes. sinamdvileSi swored aseTia mravali perversiis meqanizmi, romelic TavisTavad seqsualuri procesis mosamzadebel aqtebze SeCerebas warmoadgens. ukve bavSvobis asakSi tkbobisagan dakmayofilebis garda aseve garkveulwilad seqsualur daZabulobasac aqvs adgili, Tumca is naklebad mdgradi da srulfasovania. froidi aRniSnavs rom Semecnebis procesSi, Tavdapirvelad zrdasruli da infantiluri seqsualuri cxovrebis Soris arsebuli sxvaoba Cvens warmodgenaSi sakmaod didi iyo, xolo exla ukve garkveul koreqturas vawarmoebT. seqsualurobis adreuli gamovlinebani ganapirobeben ara mxolod normaluri seqsualuri cxovrebisagan gadaxras, aramed mis normalur formasac ki. seqsualuri aRgznebis problemebi 30

froidi amtkicebs, rom is varaudi, romlis mixedviTac seqsualuri daZabuloba TviT tkbobidan warmoiqmneba ubralod gamoricxulia, vinaidan ukiduresi tkbobis SemTxvevaSic ki ar warmoiqmneba aranairi daZabuloba, piriqiT daZabuloba qreba am SemTxvevaSi. aqedan gamomdinare seqsualuri daZabuloba da tkboba SesaZlebelia arapirdapiri gzebiT iyvnen dakavSirebuli. seqsualuri sekreciis roli im adamianebis sasqeso aparati vinc Tavs ikavebs seqsualuri kavSirisagan, garkveuli drois ganvlis Semdeg (es droiTi monakveTi rogorc wesi zustia xolme), Tavisufldeba seqsualuri gamoyofisagan. es xdeba sizmris dros, rodesac maT seqsualuri aqti esizmrebaT, risi Tanmxlebic aris tkbobis SegrZneba. am gamoyofis garkveuli maragis ar qonis SemTxvevaSi rTulia ara mxolod seqsualuri aqtis Sesruleba, aramed erogenuli zonebis gaRizianebadobac ki qreba, romelTa Sesabamisi gaRizianebis gareSe SeuZlebelia tkbobis gamowveva. aqedan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia imis daSveba, rom gavrcelebuli azris mixedviT, seqsualuri produqtebis dagroveba seqsualur daZabulobas qmnis da mas inarCunebs imiT, rom am produqtebis zewola im organoebis kedlebze romelSic isini imyofebian moqmedebs rogorc zurgis tvinis centris gaRizianeba, xolo es mdgomareoba TavisTavad aRiqmeba umaRlesi centrebiT da aisaxeba cnobierebaSi rogroc cnobili gaRizianebis SegrZneba. magram am mosazrebis sisuste mdgomareobs imaSi rom is iTvaliswinebs mxolod mamakacebs. bavSvebis, qalebisa da mamakaci kastratebis SemTxvevaSi is gamosadegi ar aris, vinaidan am SemTxvevaSi sasqeso produqtebis dagrovebas adgili ar aqvs. Sinagani sasqeso organoebis Sefaseba mamakaci kastratebis dakvirveba gviCvenebs, rom seqsualuri aRgzneba SesaZlebelia sasqeso sekreciis produqtebisagan damoukidebeli iyos. arsebobs iseTi SemTxvevebi, rodesac operacia ar axdens gavlenas libidoze. garda amisa, cnobilia, rom daavadebebi romelic mamakacur produqcias anadgureben, libidosa da potencias ar avneben, miuxedavad imisa, rom adamiani ukve steriluria. qimiuri Teoria cxovelebze Catarebulma cdebma, ufro metad gamoarkvia seqsualuri aRgznebis warmomavloba da sqesobrivi produqtebis dagrovebis mniSvneloba kidev ufro Seamcires. eqsperimentis meSveobiT SesaZlebeli aRmoCnda mdedris mamrad gadaqceva da piriqiT mamris mdedrad. amasTanave sqesis somatur maxasiaTebelTan erTad icvleboda cxovelis fsiqoseqsualuri qcevac.sqesze amgvari gavlena gaaCnia ara im Canasaxis jirkvals, romelic sqesis specifikur sasqeso ujredebs warmoqmnis, aramed misi intersticialuri qsovili. froidis sityvebiT Cven SegviZlia vivaraudoT, rom Canasaxis jirkvlis intersticialuri nawilisagan gamoiyofa gansakuTrebuli qimiuri nivTierebebi, romlebic aRiqmebian sisxlis mier da centraluri nervuli sistemis garkveul nawils seqsualuri daZabulobiT muxtaven. nevrozebi, romelTa axsnac mxolod sqesobrivi cxovrebis darRvevebiT aris SesaZlebeli, gviCveneben yvelze ufro met klinikur msgavsebas intoqsikaciisa da Tavis Sekavebis fenomenebs Soris, romlebic miiRebian tkbobis momtani Sxamiani nivTierebebis pirveladi miRebisas (alkaloidebi igulisxmeba). libidos Teoria froidis sityvebiT man gamoimuSava libidos iseTi cneba, romlis mixedviTac libido warmoadgens raodenobrivad cvalebad Zalas, romelsac ZaluZs seqsualuri aRgznebis sferoSi arsebuli yvela procesisa da gardaqmnebis gazomva. am libidos ganasxvaveben energiisagan, romelic ZiriTadad sulieri procesebis safuZvelSi unda moTavsdes, riTac mas aseve 31

gansakuTrebuli xarisxobrivi mniSvneloba mieniWeba. perverziebisa da fsiqonevrozebis analizma dagvarwmuna, rom seqsualuri aRgzneba warmoiqmneba ara mxolod egret wodebuli sqesobrivi organoebidan, aramed sxeulis yvela organodan. aqedan gamomdinare aRmocendeba warmodgena libidos garkveuli raodenobis Sesaxeb, fsiqikurad warmodgenili me-libido (Ich libido) romlis produqciam unda mogvaniWos fsiqoseqsualuri fenomenebis axsnis SesaZlebloba. magram misi analitikuri kvleva SesaZlebelia mxolod maSin, rodesac am libidom fsiqikuri gamoyeneba moipova, rom moaxdinos seqsualur obieqtebTan dakavSireba, libidoobieqtad gardaqmna. rac Seexeba obieqti-libidos beds SesaZlebelia kidev erTi maxasiaTeblis Sesaxeb aRniSvna, rodesac is CamoSorebulia obieqtebisagan is daZabulobis mdgomareobaSia datovebuli da bolos isev ubrundeba mes, ase rom is isev me-libidod iqceva. me-libidos, obieqtlibidos sapirispirod, froidi narcisistul libidos eZaxis. aqve yalibdeba warmodgena libidos orive formis urTierTobis Sesaxeb. narcisistuli libido, an me-libido, froids ufro metad warmoudgenia rogorc didi rezervuari, romlidanac wargzavnilia mijaWvulobani obieqtebis mimarT, rac Semdeg isev ukan brundeba; narcisistuli mijaWvuloba da libidos mijaWvuloba mesTan froidma gaaigiva im mdgomareobasTan, romelic ganxorcilelebuli iyo adreul bavSvobaSi, romelic mxolod da mxolod SeniRbulia gviandeli wanazardebis daxmarebiT, magram arsebiTad is isev ucvlelia. froidis azriT sirTule mdgomareobs imaSi, rom fsiqoanalizis rogorc kvlevis meTodi, jerjerobiT iZleva cnobebs mxolod da mxolod obieqt-libidos saxecvlilebebis Sesaxeb, xolo me-libidos me-s danarCeni moqmedi energiebisagan gancalkeveba mas ar ZaluZs. mamakacisa da qalis sxvaoba mamakacisa da qalis Tandayolili sqesobrivi sxvaobebi SesamCnevia ukve bavSvobis asakidanve: seqsualuri Sekavebulobis ganviTareba (morcxvoba, zizRi, TanagrZnoba da a. S.) gogonasTan ufro adre vlindeba da nakleb winaaRmdegobas xvdeba biWTan SedarebiT; saerTod seqsualuri gandevnisadmi midrekileba ufro metad aris SesamCnevi: sadac seqsualuri midrekilebebis gamovlinebebs aqvs adgili, upiratesoba pasiur formas eniWeba. magram erogenuli zonebis autoerotiuli (autoeroticizmi TviT-inicirebuli eroticizmi. miuxedavad imisa, rom masturbacia autoerotiuli aqtis klasikuri magaliTia, es termini aseve gansxvavebuli qcevebisadmi da fiqrebisadmic gamoiyeneba, romelTac seqsualuri elementebi gaaCniaT, fantaziis, sizmrebis CaTvliT da a. S.) qmedeba msgavsia orive sqesis SemTxvevaSi da aqedan gamomdinare bavSvobaSi ar vlindeba sqesobrivi sxvaoba. autoerotiuli da masturbaciuli seqsualuri gamovlinebebis gaTvaliswinebiT SesaZlebeli iqneboda varaudi, rom patara gogonebis seqsualoba sakmaod mamakacuri xasiaTis matarebelia. froidi aseve Tvlis rom libido yovelTvis mamakacuria, miuxedavad imisa vxvdebiT mas mamakacTan Tu qalTan orive SemTxvevaSi. mamakacisa da qalis wamyvani zonebi froidi garda amisa kidev amatebs, rom mdedrobiTi sqesis bavSvis SemTxvevaSic erogenuli zona mdebareobs klitorSi, aqedan gamomdinare is homologiuria gacis genitaliur zonasTan, kacis sasqeso organos TavTan. (homologiuri 1) biologiuri struqturebi romlebic struqturis tipiTa da warmoSobiT arian msgavsni, magram aucilebeli ar aris qondeT msgavsi funqcia. cxenis wina fexi da Citis frTa homologiuri struqturebia. es aris biollogis mier analogis gamoyenebis kontrasti, sadac funqcia msgavsia, magram warmoSoba da struqtura gansxvavebulia, magaliTad Citisa da futkris frTebi. 2) qceva, romelic msgavs kavSirs gamoxatavs, magaliTad teritoriis SegrZneba babuinebTan homologiurad miiCneva homo sapiensTa teritoriis SegrZnebasTan). yvelaferi rac ki froids SeeZlo gaego gogos masturbaciasTan dakavSirebiT exeboda klitorsda ara garegani genitaliebis nawilebTan. froidi 32

ambobs, rom visac surs patara gogos qalad Camoyalibebis gageba, man klitoris aRgznebis ganviTareba unda Seiswavlos. sqesobrivi momwifebis periodi, romelic biWisaTvis libidos mZlavr afeTqebas warmoadgens, gogosTan gandevnis axalis talRis saxiT vlindeba. amasTanave am gandevnas mamakacis seqsualuri cxovrebis garkveuli nawilic eqvemdebareba. qalis gandevnis safuZvelze aRmocenebuli seqsualuri Sekaveba mamakacis libidos gaRizianebas iwvevs da misi seqsualuri qmedebis gaZlierebas iwvevs. libidos amaRleba seqsualuri gadafasebis gaZlierebas iwvevs, romelic sruli saxiT SesaZlebelia mxolod sakuTari seqsualobis uarmyofi qalisadmi gamovlindes. xSir SemTxvevaSi qali aris anesTetiuri. amgvari anesTezia SesaZlebelia didi xnis ganmavlobaSi gagrZeldes, rodesac klitoris zona ar gadascems gaRizianebas. es ganpirobebulia misi aqtiuri qmedebiT bavSvobis asakSi. cnobilia rom qalis anesTezia aris mxolod moCvenebiTi, lokaluri. anesTeziis am erogenul mizezebs aseve uerTdeba fsiqikuri mizezebic, rac aseve gandevniT aris ganpirobebuli. Tuki erogenuli gaRizianebis gadatana SesaZlebeli aRmoCnda, qals is zona ecvleba, romelic udides mniSvnelobas iZens momdevno seqsualur cxovrebaSi, xolo mamakacs bavSvobidanve zona erTsa da imave adgilas aqvs. swored am wamyvani erogenuli zonis gadanacvlebisa da aseve gandevnis talRis mizeziT, romelic sqesobrivi mowifulobis asakisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli, upiratesad qalebis nevroziTa da isteriiT daavadebisadmi midrekileba aixsneba. froidi Tvlis, rom es mizezebi rasakvirvelia qalurobis arsTan aris mWidrod dakavSirebuli. obieqtis povna rodesac sqesobrivi mowifulobis periodSi yalibdeba genitaliuri zonis primate da mamakacis sasqeso organos ereqcia axali seqsualuri miznis gaCenas ganapirobebs, fsiqikuri TvalsazrisiT obieqtis povnis procesi moqmedebs, romlisadmi momzadebac adreuli bavSvobidanve iwyeba. rodesac pirveli seqsualuri dakmayofileba sakvebis miRebasTan iyo kavSirSi, seqsualuri ltolvis seqsualur obieqts dedis ZuZu warmoadgenda, romelic sakuTari sxeulis gareT mdebareobda. rodesac xdeba misgan CamoSoreba sqesobrivi ltolva autoerotiul xasiaTs iZens da mxolod latenturi periodis gadalaxvis Semdgom isev myardeba pirvandeli damokidebuleba. obieqtis povna arsebiTad TavisTavad meorad Sexvedras warmoadgens. seqsualuri obieqti yrmobis dros mTeli latenturi periodis ganmavlobaSi bavSvi sxvebis siyvaruls swavlobs. maTi vinc mas yvelanariad exlareba umweobis gadalaxvaSi, es urTierTobebis Tavis mxriv dedasTan yrmobis asakSi arsebuli urTierTobebis gagrZelebas warmoadegnen. froidis azriT bavSvis urTierToba mis dedasTan an ZiZasTan seqsaluri aRgznebisa da erogenuli zonebis meSveobiT misi dakmayofilebis uwyvet wyaros warmoadgens. Cveulebriv e saris deda romelic Tavismxriv bavSvis mimarT im grZnobebs ganicdis, rac misi seqsualuri cxovrebidan aris warmomavali. is mas arwevs, efereba mas da ise kocnis rogorc srulfasovan seqsualur obieqts. is Tavis qmedebebs ganixilavs rogorc seqsualuri sufTa siyvarulis gamovlinebas, vinaidan is yvelanairad cdilobs bavSvis genitaliebSi aRgznebis gamowvevas Tavi aaridos, ramdenadac es SesaZlebelia bavSvis movlisas. froidi amtkicebs imas, rom deda rom acnobierebdes Tu raoden didi mniSvneloba aqvT ltolvebs sulieri cxovrebisaTvis, yvela eTikuri da fsiqikuri gamovlinebebisaTvis, maSin yvelafris gacnobierebis Semdegac ki is Tavisufali iqneboda sindisis qenjnisagan. aseve frioidi Tvlis, rom zedmeti mSobliuri siyvaruli ra Tqma unda SesaZloa mavnebelic ki iyos, vinaidan sqesobrivi momwifeba naadrevad iwyeba, aseve imitomac, rom es bavSvs anebivrebs da aqveiTebs mis unars uaryos siyvaruli momdevno cxovrebaSi droebiT an misi naklebi raodenobiT dakmayofildes. infantiluri SiSi 33

TviTon bavSvebic iqcevian ise, TiTqos da maTi damokidebuleba aRmzrdelis mimarT Tavisi bunebiT seqsualur siyvaruls warmoadgens. bavSvebis SiSi warmoadgens mxolod da mxolod imas, rom maT sayvareli adamiani akliaT; amitomac nebismier ucnobs isini SiSiT xvdebian. maT eSiniaT sibnelis, vinaidan am SemTxvevaSi ver xedaven sayvarel adamians, xolo Tuki misi xelis daWeris SesaZlebloba iZlevaT mSviddebian. amave dros bavSvi iqceva rogorc zrdasruli, is libidos SiSad gadaaqcevs rodesac dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobas ver poulobs. amis sapirispirod zrdasruli, romelic daukmayofilebeli libidos gamo nevrotulia, SiSis SemTxvevaSi bavSvis msgavsad iqceva, mas eSinia martoobis, im piris gareSe romlis siyvarulSic darwmunebuli iqneba. am SemTxvevaSi zrdasruli Tavis SiSs bavSvuri RonisZiebebiT aqarwylebs. incestis SezRudva froidi Tvlis rom bavSvs uadvildeba seqsualur obieqtebad im adamianebis SerCeva vinc mas pataraobaSi uyvarda miyruebuli libidoTi. magram amave dros seqsualuri mowifulobis SeyovnebiT, sakmarisi dro aRmoCnda imisaTvis, rom sxva seqsualur SekavebebTan erTad incestis SezRudvac aRimarTos, rom moxdes im zneobrivi winapirobebis gaSinagneba, romelTa mixedviTac sruliad gamoricxulia seqsualuri obieqtebis SerCevisas sakuTar naTesavebze fiqri. am SezRudvis dacva pirvel rigSi sazogadoebis kulturul moTxovnilebas warmoadgens, romelic upirispirdeba ojaxis mier yvela interesebis dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobas, raTa moxdes kidev ufro maRali socialuri erTeulebis Seqmna. magram obieqtis SerCeva pirvel rigSi xdeba warmodgenaSi, romlebic arasodes ar unda ganxorcieldnen. am fantaziebSi vlindeba infantiluri midrekilebebi, rac ukve somaturi gamovlinebebiTac aRiniSneba. am fantaziebSi pirvel rigSia ltolva mSoblebis mimarT gogos mamisadmi da biWis dedisadmi. incestuozuri fantaziebis gadalaxvasTan erTad kidev erTi umniSvnelovanesi da mtkivneuli fsiqikuri samuSaos Catareba xdeba mSobelTa avtoritetisagan ganTavisufleba, risi meoxebiTac kulturuli procesisaTvis umniSvnelovanesi ram Zveli da axali Taobis gansxvaveba da dapirispireba xdeba. arsebobs saSiSroeba, rom individi gaiWedos ganviTarebis romelime stadiaze, aqedan gamomdinare arseboben iseTi pirebi, vinc ver moaxerxa mSobelTa avtoritetisagan ganTavisufleba. xSir SemTxvevaSi eseni arian gogonebi da am SemTxvevaSi sainteresoa dakvirveba, romlis mixedviTac amgvari tipis gogoebs ar SeuZliaT qorwinebaSi TavianTi meuRleebisaTvis marTebuli grZnobis gaReba. isini civi colebi arian da seqsualur urTierTobaSi anesTetiurebi arian. aqedan gamomdinare gasagebia, rom mSoblebisadmi araseqsualuri siyvaruli da sqesobrivi siyvaruli erTi warmoSobis arian, am SeTxvevaSi pirveli libidos infantilur fiqsacias ganapirobebs. aseve froidis azriT arsebobs iseTi SemTxvevebic, rodesac gansaRi adamiani daavaddeba warumatebeli siyvarulis Semdeg. am daavadebis meqanizmi mdgomareobs misi libidos dabrunebaSi impirebisadmi romelTac bavSvobaSi eniWebodaT upiratesoba. obieqtis infantiluri arCevanis zegavlena aseve isic, vinc Tavisi libidos incestuozur fiqsacias Tavi daaRwia, ar aris Tavisufali misi zegavlenisagan. ganviTarebis am fazis gamovlinebas warmoadgens axalgazrda biWis Seyvarebuloba mozrdil qalSi an piriqiT, axalgazrda gogos Seyvarebuloba zrdasrul, avtoritetul mamakacSi, am obieqtebs SeuZliaT mamis an dedis iersaxis gacocxleba. inversiis aRkveTa

(inversia 1) zogadad, sapirispiro mimarTulebis nebismieri procesi, an msgavsi procesis Sedegi. 2) statistikaSi nomrebis mTeli rigis transpozicia. 3) maTematikaSi funqciis, an am funqciis kuTxis momentaluri Semobruneba. 4)
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genetikaSi qromosomuli alteracia. 5) seqsualuri inversia Zveleburi fsiqoanalizis mixedviT fomoseqsualuroba.) obieqtis SerCevisas, sapirispiro sqesis xelidan ar gaSvebis amocana wamoiWreba. rogorc wesi es amocana cdebis gareSe ar gadaiWreba. sqesobrivi simwifis Semdgom arsebuli sulieri midrekilebani xSir SemTxvevaSi mcdari xasiaTisaa. Dessoir-ma swored xazi gausva biWebisa da gogoebis kanonzomier saocnebo megobrobas msgavsi sqesisa da asakis warmomadgenlebTan. yvelaze didi Zalas, romelic win aRudgeba obieqtis seqsualuri inversiis samudamo xasiaTs aris is mimzidveli Zala, romelsac erTmaneTze gansxvavebuli sqesobrivi maxasiaTeblebi ganapirobeben. magram es faqtori TavisTavad ar aris sakmarisi inversiis aRkveTisaTvis: iq sadac inversia ar ganixileba rogorc danaSauli SesaZlebelia davrwmundeT rom igi mravali individis seqsualur midrekilebas warmoadgens. aqedan gamomdiare sazogadoebriv avtoritetsac aqvs mniSvneloba. aseve kidev erTi faqtori romelic marTebuli obieqtis arCevans ganapirobebs aris mtruli damokidebuleba msgavsi sqesis warmoamdgenelisadmi, rac gadamwyveti mniSvnelobis mqonea obieqtis arCevisas. froidis azriT zogierTi isteriuli individis SemTxvevaSi, adreul asakSi erT-erTi mSoblis ar yolis gamo, darCenili mSobeli bavSvis srul siyvaruls imsaxurebs. xolo es winapiroba gadamwyvetia seqsualuri obieqtis sqesis SerCevisa da mudmivi inversiisaTvis.
reziume zemoxsenebulis reziumireba. sqesobrivi ltolvis gadaxrebis, misi obieqtisa da misi miznidan gamomdinare SevCerdiT im sakiTxze, romelic exeba amgvari ltolvis Tandayolil midrekilebas an cxovrebiseul zegavlenas. am kiTxvaze pasuxi gamomdinareobs sqesobrivi ltolvis gamovlinebidan fsiqonevrotikebis SemTxvevaSi es Sexeduleba fsiqoanalitikur kvlevazea dafuZnebuli. aRmoCnda, rom am tipis pirovnebebSi nebismieri perversiebisadmi midrekileba SesaZlebelia iyos damtkicebuli rogorc aracnobieri Zala, romelic simptomebSi vlindeba. aqedan gamomdinare froidi Tvlis, rom SesaZlebelia davaskvnaT, rom nevrozi perversiis negativs warmoadgens. (perversia aris swori mimarTulebidan nebismieri gadaxra, gadasvla. am zogadi konotaciidan gamomdinare, termini SesaZlebelia da aris kidevac gamoyenebuli azrovnebis procesebTan, emociebTan, gadawyvetilebebTan an qmedebebTan mimarTebaSi, romlebic garkveulwilad damaxinjebuli arian. Tumca, yvelaze xSirad mas iyeneben seqsualur qcevasTan mimarTebaSi imdenad xSirad, rom zogierTi am terminis mxolod seqsualuri TvalsazrisiT iyenebs. aqedan gamomdinare seqsualuri aspeqtiT mas iyeneben mxolod seqsualuri perversiis SemTvevaSi.) perversiisadmi midrekilebas ganapirobebs zogadi winaganwyoba bavSvobisas; seqsualuri ltolvis Semakavebel Zalebs Soris yvelaze metad aris gamokveTili sircxvili, zizRi, TanagrZnoba da zneobrisa da avtoritetis socialuri konstruqciebi. aqedan gamomdinare normaluri seqsualuri cxovrebisagan yoveli fiqsirebuli gadaxra ganapirobebs ganviTarebis Seyovnebasa da infantilizms. aseve froidis azriT perversiebi erTis mxriv warmoadgenen Seferxebas, xolo meores mxriv normaluri ganviTarebis disociacias. aRniSnuli iyo perversiuli midrekilebebisadmi siWarbe nevrotikebis SemTxvevaSi. froidi gamoTqvams aramarTebul damokidebulebas bavSobis asakisadmi, rodesac seqsualuri gamovlinebani aRwerilia rogorc gamonaklisi SemTxveva. misi azriT bavSvi dabadebidanve seqsualur moqmedebebs anxorcielebs, rac Canasaxis donezea, da sakvebis miRebis dros ganicdis seqsualur dakmayofilebas. Semdeg bavSvi am siamovnebis ganmeorebas wovis aqtebiT cdilobs. magram seqsualuri qmedeba ar vitardeba bavSvis sxva funqciebTan erTad 2-5 wlamde is regress ganicdis, es aris latenturi periodi. seqsualuri aRgznebis produqcia am periodis ganmavlobaSi energiis marags iZleva, romelic umeteswilad gamoiyeneba araseqsualuri miznebisaTvis, erTis mxriv socialuri grZnobebis saxiT, meores mxriv (gandevnisa da reaqtiuli warmonqmnis daxmarebiT) seqsualuri Sekavebis formirebisTvis. 35

infantiluri seqsualuri grZnoebbis meore nawili gamoixateba seqsualuri qmedebis saxiT. pirvel rigSi siamovneba da dakmayofileba miiRweva erogenuli zonebis SegrZnebiTi aRznebiT miiRweva. SemdgomSi ki seqsualuri aRgzneba aRmocendeba rogorc meoradi / gverdiTi produqtiorganizmis mTeli rigi procesebis fonze. aqedan gamomdinare, sqesobrivi ltolva bavSvobis asakSi ar aris koncentrirebuli da ar gaaCnia obieqti, is autoerotiulia. jer kidev bavSobis periodSi gamoikveTeba genitaliebis erogenuli zona. nevrotuli gancdebis kvlevisas froidma aRmoaCina rom bavSvis seqsualur cxovrebaSi Tavidanve SeimCneva sequsaluri ltolvis komponentebis organizacia. pirvel stadiaze es aris oraluri (piris) erotika; meore am oregenitaluri organizaciebidan xasiaTdeba sadizmis siWarbiTa da analuri erotikiT, mxolod mesame fazaSi seqsualuri cxovreba ganisazRvreba genitaliebis zoniT. seqsualuri ganviTarebis ormagi dasawyisis faqti, romlis SualedSic latenturi periodia, froidis azriT gansakuTrebuli yuradRebis Rirsia. swored aq aris adamianis umaRlesi kulturis ganviTarebisa da amave dros misi nevrozisadmi midrekilebis sawyisi. ramdenad sasrgeblo an mavnebeli SeiZleba iyos bavSvis seqsualuri qmedeba amis gansazRvra froidma ver SeZlo. seqsualuri gamovlinebebis xasiaTi maturbaciulia. aqve xazi gaesva imas, rom cdunebis gare gavlenas SeuZlia latenturi periodis darRveva ganapirobos, am SemTxvevaSi bavSvis seqsualuri ltolva SeiZleba polimorful-perversiuli gaxdes; aseTi adreuli seqsualuri qmedeba bavSvis aRzrdisadmi daqvemdebarebas aqveiTebs. bavSvuri seqsualuri cxovrebis cvlileba froidis mier dakavSirebulia or mniSvnelovan aspeqtTan: yvela sxva seqsualuri aRznebis wyaroebis daqvemdebareba genitaliuri zonisadmi da obieqtis arCevanis procesi. sayuradReboa arsebis diferenciacia qalisa da mamakacis sqesis mixedviT. froidis azriT, imisaTvis rom gogo qalad Camoyalibdes, man axali gandevna unda gadalaxos, romelic infantiluri mamakacurobis ganadgureba da qalis cvlilebisadmi momzadeba unda moaxdinos, romlis Semdeg wamyvani mniSvneloba genitalur zonas mieniWeba. froidis azriT obieqtis arCevans ganapirobebs bavSvis ltolva mSoblebisadmi, xolo im droisaTvis aRmocenebuli incestuozuri midrekilebis aRkveTa, am ltolvas mimarTavs mSoblebis msgavsi pirebisadmi. da bolos aseve sqesobrivi mowifulobis gardamavali asakis periodSi garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi somaturi da fsiqikuri ganviTarebis procesebi paralelurad mimdinareoben. ganviTarebis darRvevis momentebi ganviTarebis TiToeuli safexuri SesaZlebelia fiqsacias ganapirobebdes. nebismier momentSi SeiZleba moxdes sqesobrivi ltolvis disociacia. froidi Tvlis rom saWiroa ganviTarebis xelisSemSleli Sinagani da garegani momentebis mimoxlivac. konstitucia da STamomavloba pirvel rigSi unda ganixilebodes seqsualuri konstitucia. ra Tqma unda aris Tandayolili pirveladi winaganwyobis iseTi variaciebis SesaZleblobac, rac yovelgvari zegavlenis gareSe aranormaluri seqsualuri cxovrebis Camoyalibebas ganapirobebs. maT froidi degeneratiuls uwodebs da ganixilavs rogorc Tandayolili gauaresebis gamovlinebas. Semdgomi damuSaveba Tumca SeuZlebelia mxolod komponentebis Canasaxebs seqsualuri damokidebuleba sxva mizezebzec, aseve im SegrZnebebze, rac gansxvavebuli im azris gaziareba, rom gansxvavebuli seqsualuri cxovrebis formis ganpirobeba SeuZliaT. aseve arsebobs Semdgomi ganviTareba damokidebulia seqsualuri dinebebis wyaroebiT aris ganpirobebuli. swored es Semdgomi 36

gadamuSveba aris gadamwyveti. aRwerebidan gamomdinare msgavsi konstitucia SesaZloa sami gansxvavebuli Sedegis mqone iyos. Tuki SenarCunebulia yvela Tandayolili winaganwyoba Tavisi urTierTdamokidebulebiT, rac ar miiCneva normalurad da Tuki xdeba am yvelafris ganmtkiceba zrdasrul asakSi, Sedegad miviRebT perversiul seqsualur cxovrebas. gandevna kidev erTi Sedegi ganpirobebulia imiT, rom ganviTarebis msvlelobisas zogierTi gansakuTrebulad Tandayolili komponenti gandevnis process eqvemdebareba. ris Sesaxebac unda gvaxsovdes, vinaidan is ar warmoadgens srul Sewyvetas. Sesabamisi gaRizianebebi gamowveulia Cveulebrivi saxiT, magram fsiqikuri Sekavebis gamo ar eZlevaT miznis miRwevis SesaZlebloba da xdeba maTi gadayvana gansxvavebuli mimarTulebebiT, xolo SemdgomSi isini vlindebian simptomebis saxiT. Sedegad miiReba TiTqosda normaluri sqesobrivi cxovreba ZiriTadad SezRuduli, - romelsac Tan axlavs fsiqonevrotuli avadmyofoba. sublimireba konstituciuri winaganwyobis mesame Sedegi SesaZlebelia sublimirebis procesis Tanaxmad, romlis SemTxvevaSi Zlieri aRgznebis meSveobiT, ganpirobebulia saqmianoba sxva sferoebSi, aqedan gamomdinare fsiqikuri Sromisunarianobis amaRleba TavisTavad saSiSi winaganwyobis safuZvelze. mxatvruli Semoqmedebis erT-erTi sawyisi swored aq aris da iqidan gamomdinare srulia es sublimireba Tu ara, SesaZlebelia niWiT dajildoebulTa xasiaTis analizi, rac gamoavlens garkveul SeerTebas, Sromiunarianobis, perversiebisa da nevrozis TvalsazrisiT. SemTxveviT gancdili aseve didi mniSvneloba eniWeba faqtorebis Tanxvedras da bavSvobis asakSi SemTxveviT gancdilis gavlenas zrdasrul asakze. TeoriaSi midrekileba SeimCneva pirvelisadmi upiratesobis miniWebis; Terapiuli praqtika ki ukanasknelis mniSvnelobas usvams xazs. ar unda iyos gamoricxuli rom am SemTxvevaSi kooperaciis damokidebulebas aqvs adgili. konstitucionaluri momenti unda iyos gancdis molodinSi, romelic mis gamovlenas ganapirobebs. SemTxveviTi momenti saWiroebs ki konstituciis safuZvels, sayrdens. yvela is momenti romelic ayovnebs seqsualur ganviTarebas, Tavis zemoqmedebas ganapirobebs ise, rom iwvevs regresias, ganviTarebis winare fazisadmi dabrunebas. naadrevi mowifuloba froidi ganixilavs TviTinicirebul, naadrev seqsualur mowifulobas, romelic yovel mizez gareSe SesaZlebelia iyos damtkicebuli eTiologiaSi (nevrozebis), Tumca mxolod misi arseboba ar aris sakmarisi nevrozis gamowvevisaTvis. is SesaZlebelia gamoixatebodes infantiluri periodis Semokleba an Sewyvetis faqtSi da xdeba daavadebebis mizezi. romlebic erTis mxriv seqsualuri Seyovnebebis arasakmarisi momzadebis, xolo meores mxriv ganuviTarebeli genitaluri sistemidan gamomdinare SesaZloa mxolod perversiebis xasiaTs atarebdnen. es midrekilebebi SesaZloa swored amgvari xasiaTis darCes an kidev gandevnis Semdgom nevrotuli simptomebis SemoqmedebiT Zalebad gadaiqcnen. naadrevi seqsualuri mowifuloba mimdinareobs aseve naadrev inteleqtualur ganviTarebasTan fexdafex, risi magaliTic aris mravali cnobili pirovnebis SemTxveva. droebiTi momentebi

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iseve rogorc naadrevi mowifuloba unda iyos ganxiluli sxva momentebic, rac SeiZleba iyos gaerTianebuli naadrev mowifulobasTan. rogorc Cans filogeneturad winaswar ganpirobebulia Tu drois romel monakveTSi xdeba ama Tu im ltolvis gaaqtiureba. Tumca am SemTxvevaSi variaciebsac aqvs adgili. bavSvobaSi aRmocenebuli Zlieri ltolvebi xSir SemTxvevaSi ar warmoadgenen saSiSroebas, im TvalsazrisiT rom samudamo Sedegis saxe SeiZleba qondeT. piriqiT, SesaZlebelia vivaraudoT rom zrdasrulis xasiaTSi maT sruliad sapirispiro ltolvebi Seenacvlebian. simkveTre am SemTxvevaSi froidi saubrobs seqsualuri cxovrebis adreuli gancdebisadmi Cveul simkveTres, romelic SenarCunebuli aris xolme momdevno cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi. am simkveTris axsna SesaZlebelia mdgomareobdes im faqtSi rom nevrozis mizezebis axsnisas sulier cxovrebaSi ufro meti mniSvneloba eniWeba mogonebebs vidre axal STabeWdilebebs. es momenti aseve damokidebulia inteleqtualur ganviaTrebaze. fiqsacia am SemTxvevaSi saubaria im masalis dafiqsirebaze romelic aris mocemuli bavSvobis asakSi miRebuli gancdisas. (xSirad es aris is cduneba romelic modis mozardi bavSvebis mxridan). SemdgomSi arsebuli gadaxrebis umetesi nawili (nevrotikebis an perversiulebis seqsualur cxovrebaze aris saubari) mdgomareobs am TiTqos da seqsualurobisagan Tavisufali periodis ganmavlobaSi miRebuli STabeWdilebidan gamomdinare. Tumca froidi miiCnevs rom am kvlevebis nakli mdgomareobs imaSi rom sinamdileSi cota ram aris cnobili seqsualurobis biologiuri procesebis Sesaxeb, romlic safuZvelzec Semdeg iqneba SesaZlebeli iyos agebuli Teoria normalurisa da paTologiuris ufro kargi gacnobierebisaTvis.

sqesis anatomiuri sxvaobis zogierTi fsiqikuri Sedegi froidisa da misi mowafeebis namuSevrebi kidev ufro metad warmoaCenen saWiroebas, rom nevrotikebis analizi gavrceldes baSvobis pirvel periodzec, seqsualuri energiis ganviTarebis adreul periodSi. mxolod yvelaze adrindeli cxovrebiseuli STabeWdilebebis kvleviT, SesaZlebelia mogvianebiT gaCenili nevrozis mamoZravebeli Zalebis aRmoCena da Tavis dazRveva Secdomebisagan, rac SesaZlebelia iyos ganpirobebuli zrdasrulobis periodis warmonaqmnebiT. am saWiroebas mxolod Teoriuli mniSvneloba ar gaaCnia, is aseve mniSvnelovania praqtikuli TvalsazrisiTac, vinaidan is ganasxvavebs fsiqoanalitikosebis samuSaos iseTi eqimebisagan visac mxolod Terapiuli orientireba gaaCniaT, da mkurnalobisas mxolod garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi iyeneben analitikur meTodebs. adreuli periodsi msgavsi analizi xamgrZlivia, rTulia da eqimsa da pacients iseT moTxovnebs wamouyenebs, romelTa ganxorcilebisaTvis praqtika yovelTvis ar aris xelsayreli. amgvar analizs SeuZlia iseTi gaurkvevlobebi gamoiwvios, risi axsnac jer kidev SeuZlebelia. qvemoT moyvanilia analitikuri kvlevis Sedegi, romelic iqneboda mniSvnelovani Tu rom SesaZlebeli yofiliyo misi ganzogadeba. froidi aRniSnavs, rom amgvari aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi logikuri iqneboda garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi gamoqveynebis dayovneba. magram amjerad misi muSaobis pirobebi Secvlilia da igi SezRudulia droSi. froidi Sedarebas axdens Tavisi adreul nawarmoebis da iZaxis rom maSin mas oceans of time qonda.

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exla ki viTareba Secvlilia da gamocdilebis gamdidrebisaTvis saTanado pirobebi mas ar gaaCnia. froidi ambobs, rom Tuki is varaudobs siaxlis aRmoCenas, is ar aris darwmunebuli rom molodinis Semdgom SeZlebs dadasturebis miRebas. is xazs usvams rom aRar aris marto, rom arsebobs misi TanamoazreTa gundi, vinc mzad aris daumTavrebeli, sakmarisi safuZvlis ar mqone codnac ki gamoiyenon. rodesac bavSvis seqsualuri cxovrebis pirveli fsiqikuri warmonaqmnebis kvlevas iwyeben, obieqtis saxiT rogorc wesi mamrobiTi sqesis bavSvs, patara biWs irCeven. froidis azriT patara gogosTan analogiur SemTxvevas aqvs adgili, magram garkveuli gansxvavebiT. rogor unda moxdes am gansxvavebis aRmoCena es gansazRvruli ar yofila. oidiposis kompleqsis situacia pirvel etaps warmoadgens, romelsac darwmunebiT aRmoaCenen biWTan. is advilad aris gasagebi, vinaidan biWi swore dim obieqtze aris fiqsirebuli, romelTanac winare yrmobis periodis ganmavlobaSi iyo mijaWvuli Tavisi libidoTi, romelsac ar qonda genitaliuri xasiaTi. faqti, rom am SemTxvevaSi is mamis pirovnebas ganixilavs rogorc metoqes, romelic unda CamoiSoros da romlis adgilic unda daikavos, uSualod gamomdinareobs realuri damokidebulebebidan. sxvagan froidi miuTiTebs (oidiposis kompleqsis daRupva) rom biWis oidiposuri ganwyopa miekuTvneba falosur stadias da iRupeba kastraciis SiSis Sedegad, sakuTari genitaliebisadmi narcisuli damokidebulebis gamo. gagebis sirTule mdgomareobs oidiposis kompleqsis ormag bunebaSi, igi aqtiuri da pasiuria, biseqsualuri ganwyobis Sesabamisad. biWs aseve aqvs survili siyvarulis obieqtis saxiT mamas Seunacvlos deda; amas qalur ganwyobas eZaxian. am winare periodis kidev erTi elementia genitaliebis masturbatoruli manipulireba, onanizmi adreul bavSvobaSi; aRmzrdelTa mxridan misi daTrgunvis mcdeloba metnaklebad kastraciis kompleqsis aqtivirebas ganapirobebs. froidis TvalsazrisiT amgvari onanizmi dakavSirebulia oidiposis komplesTan da misgan gamowveul seqsualur aRznebaze reagirebas warmoadgens. kidev erTi sakiTxi aris warmoCenili, romelic exeba Ramis ganmavlobaSi SardSeukaveblobas da am Cvevisagan ganTavisuflebas aRzrdelebis Carevis meSveobiT. am SemTxvevaSi froidi amjobinebs ubralo sinTezs, romlis Tanaxmadac Ramis SardSeukavebloba onanizmis Sedegs warmoadgens, xolo misi daTrgunva biWis mxridan aRiqmeba rogorc misi genitaliuri moqmedebis Sekaveba, gadataniTi mniSvnelobiT kastraciis muqaris TvalsazrisiT. da bolos, analizi SesaZleblobas iZleva gavigoT adreul asakSi mSoblebis koitusis mosmenis SesaZleblobis Sesaxeb, ramac SesaZlebelia gamoiwvios pirveli seqsualuri aRgzneba da Semdgomi zegavlenis Sedegad seqsualuri ganviTarebis sawyis punqtad iqces. magram SeuZlebelia varaudi, rom msgavsi koitusis mosmena yovelTvis aris SesaZlebeli, am SemTxvevaSi pirveli fantaziis problema Cndeba. patara gogos oidiposis kompleqsis problema kidev ufro Rrmad aris dafaruli, biWis oidiposis kompleqsTan SedarebiT. Tavdapirvelad orivesTvis deda pirvel obieqts warmoadgenda: ar aris gasakviri rom oidiposis kompleqsSi biWi inarCunebs am obieqts. magram rogor ambobs uars am obieqtze gogo da obieqtis saxiT rogor irCevs mamas? yvela analitikoss qonda SesaZlebloba Seeswavla is qalebi, visac gansakuTrebuli intensivobiTa da daJinebiT SeunarCunebia mamisadmi mijaWvuloba da mamisagan bavSvis gaCenis survili qondaT. SesaZlebelia vivaraudoT rom es fantastiuri survili maTi infantiluri onanizmis mamoZravebeli Zala iyo. bavSTa eqimis lindneris SeniSvniT, baSvbi aRmoaCens siamovnebis momniWebel genitaliur zonas peniss an klitors rac xdeba wovis ganmavlobaSi. froidi Riad tovebs sakiTxs imis Sesaxeb namdvilad xdeba Tu ara bavSvis mier ZuZus woviT gamowveuli siamovnebis Canacvleba axlad aRmoCenili siamovnebis momgvreli wyaroTi. magram falosuri fazis dasawyisi ar warmoadgens onanizmis dakavSirebas oidiposis kompleqsis obieqtur mikaWvulobebTan, aramed amas Tan axlavs 39

gogosTvis mZime Sedegebis mqone aRmoCena. is SemTxveviT aRmoaCens Tavisi Zmis an Tanatolis did, advilad SesamCnev peniss, ganixilavs mas rogorc sakuTari patara dafaruli organos mozrdil analogs dam as ipyrobs Suri penisis mimarT. sainteresoa sapirispiro ganwyoba orive sqesis wamomadgenlis saqcielSi: analogiuri SemTxvevisas, rodesac patara biWi pirvelad xedavs gogos genitaliebs, is yoymanobs, nakleb interess avlens; is verafers ver xedavs an uaryofs Tavis aRqmas, is eZebs iseT mtkicebebs, romlebic am aRqmas misi molodinis Sesabamisad Secvlian. mxolod mogvianebiT, rodesac masze zemoqmedebas axdens kastraciis muqara, es dakvirveba misTvis wamyvan mniSvnelobas iZens: am dakvirvebis gaxsenebam an xelaxalma dakvirvebam SesaZlebelia masSi afeqti gamoiwvios da aiZulebs mas muqaris sinamdvile daijeros, romelsac aqamde ironiulad epyroboda. swored am Tanaqmedebidan gamomdinareobs ori reaqcia, romelic SesaZlebelia dafiqsirdes da SemdgomSi TiToeuli maTgani damoukideblad an erTdroulad ganapirobebdnen mis damokidebulebas qalis mimarT: damaxinjebuli arsebis SiSi an mis mimarT siZulvili, romelic sakuTari aRmatebulobis grZnobiT aris gamowveuli. gansxvavebulad iqceva patara gogo. am SemTxvevaSi mosazrebisa da gadawyvetilebis miReba momentaluria. is xedavd peniss, icis rom mas is ar aqvs da unda rom qondes. swored aq iRebs saTaves qalisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli mamakacurobis kopleqsi, romelic zogierT SemTxvevaSi did sirTuleebs warmoqmnis qalurobis ganviTarebisaTvis. mamakacTan gaTanabrebis survili, penisis rodisme mainc mopovebis imediT, SesaZlebelia ucnauri saqcielis motivad gadaiqces Tuki misi drouli daZleva ver moxerxda. an iwyeba procesi, romelsac froidi uwodebs uaryofas, bavSvis sulier cxovrebaSi es procesi xSiria da ar warmoadgens did saSiSroebas, magram zrdasrulis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia is fsiqozis amsaxveli gaxdes. gogo uaryofs Tavisi kastraciis faqts, mas sjera rom gaaCnia penisi da is iZulebulia moiqces ise rogorc mamakaci. penisisadmi Suris fsiqikuri Sedegebi, iqidan gamomdinare rom ver xerxdeba misi gaqarwyleba mamakacurobis kompleqsis reaqtiul warmonaqmnSi, gansxvavdebian da mravalmniSvnelovani arian. sakuTari narcisuli Wrilobis aRiarebiT qals TiTqos da naiarevi uCndeba dabali Sefasebis SegrZneba. im SemTxvevaSic ki, rodesac qali ar ganicdis Surs penisis mimarT sakuTar TavTan mimarTebaSi, es Suri ar gaqarwyldeba: mcireodeni gadataniT is iZens gamoxatulebas eWvianobis maxasiaTebelSi. ra Tqma unda eWvianoba orive sqesisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli, magram froidis azriT qalis SemTxvevaSi is ufro mniSvnelovan rols iZens, vinaidan is gaZlierebulia penisisadmi daTrgunuli Suris SegrZnebiT. sanam eWvianobis Sesaxeb amgvar daskvnas gamoitanda, froidma gogos onanisturi fantaziis pirveli faza gamoyo, romelsac uwoda bavSvs cemen. am fantaziis sazrisi mdgomareobs imaSi, rom cemen sxva bavSvs, romlis mimarTac gogo eWvianobs rogorc metoqis mimarT. bavSvis romelsac cemen, anu romelic uyvarT, sinamdvileSi aris klitori, ase rom es aRiareba Tavis siRrmiseul SinaarsSi masturbaciis aRiarebas niSnavs, rac damaxasiaTebelia falosuri fazidan ufro gviandeli asakis CaTvliT. penisisadmi Suris mesame Sedegia dedisadmi nazi damokidebulebis ganeleba. es kavSiri mTlad gasagebi ar aris, magram sabolood SesaZlebelia darwmuneba imaSi, rom ZiriTadi danaSauli miuZRvis dedas, romelmac bavSvi yvela saWiro organoTi ver gaaCina. azrebis istoriuli mimdinareoba Semdegi saxis aris, genitaliebSi defeqtis aRmoCenis Semdgom male aRmocendeba eWvianoba sxva bavSvis mimarT, romelic viTomda dedas ufro metad uyvars. swored es aris dedisadmi sinazisagan ganTavisuflebis biZgi da sababi. es garemoeba aseve erTvis im faqtsac, rom swored es bavSvi romelic dedis mxridan ufro meti siyvarulis mflobelia, xdeba misi dasjis Sesaxeb fantaziis pirveli obieqti, xolo es fantazia masturbaciis winare periodia. 40

penisisadmi Surisa da klitoris dabali faseulobis aRmoCena gasaocari zegavlenis mqonea da yvelaze mniSvnelovania. froidi aRniSnavs rom misi azriT qali gacilebiT rTulad itans masturbacias vidre kaci. is ufro xSirad ebrZvis masturbacias, maSin rodesac kaci iyenebs am SesaZleblobas. froidis azriT masturbacia aseve gacilebiT ufro ucxoa qaluri bunebisaTvis da am problemis gadawyvetisas sayuradReboa is, rom klitorTan dakavSirebuli masturbacia aris mamakacuri manipulacia TavisTavad da aqedan gamomdinare qalurobis ganviTarebis pirobas warmoadgens amgvari klitorTan dakavSirebuli seqsualurobis CamoSoreba. falosuri fazis analizma froids aCvena, rom penisisadmi Suris gamovlinebis Semdgom, gogo iwyebs onanizmisadmi energiul SewinaaRmdegebas, rac SeuZlebelia mxolod aRmzrdelobiTi zegavleniT iyos gamowveuli. rogorc Cans es wamowyeba im gandevnis mauwyebelia, romelic momwifebis droisaTvis mamakacuri seqsualurobis nawilis CamoSorebas ganapirobebs imisaTvis, rom qaluri seqsualuroba ganviTardes. Tuki es mniSvnelovani motivi ar iqneba gaTvaliswinebuli, qalis momdevno seqsualuri cxovrebis gamovlinebani gaugebari xdeba. froidi patara gogos mxridan falosuri fazis ganmavlobaSi onanizmze uaris TqmasTan dakavSirebiT varaudobs, rom es siamovnebis momgvreli moqmedeba zarals ganicdis mis Semdgom arsebuli momentis gamo. es aris penisisadmi Suridan gamomdinare wyenis momenti, erTgvari Sexseneba, rom am SemTxvevaSi SeuZlebelia biWTan konkurirebis gaweva. aqedan gamomdinare sqesis anatomiuri gacnobiereba patara gogos mamakacurobisagan da mamakacuri onanizmisagan ganaridebs da axal gzaze ayenebs, romelic masSi qalurobis ganviTarebas ganapirobebs. oidiposis komleqsi aqamde jer kidev ar iyo aqtualuri. magram amjerad gogos libido axal pozicias ikavebs (simboluri Sedareba penisi bavSvi). is uaryofs penisis flobis survils imisaTvis rom moxdes misi Canacvleba baSvis yolis surviliT, swored am mizniT sasiyvarulo obieqtis saxiT is irCevs mamas. deda eWvianobis sagnad iqceva, patara gogo qalad gadaiqceva. Tuki SemdgomSi gogo uars acxadebs mamisadmi mijaWvulobaze, maSin es mijaWvuloba SesaZloa mamasTan identificirebaSi gadaizardos, riTac gogo ubrundeba mamakacurobis kompleqss da zogierT SemTxvevaSi masze fiqsirdeba kidec. gogos SemTxvevaSi oidiposis kompleqsi meoradi warmonaqmnia. mas win uZRvian da mis Semzadebas ganapirobeben kastraciuli kompleqsis zemoqmedebani. oidiposis kompleqsisa da kastraciuli kompleqsebis urTierTqmedebebSi SeimCneva fundamentaluri sxvaoba orive sqesis SemTxvevaSi. maSin rodesac biWis SemTxvevaSi oidiposis kompleqsi iRupeba kastraciuli kompleqsis Sedegad, gogos oidiposis kompleqsi aRmocendeba da SesaZlebeli xdeba kastraciuli kompleqsidan gamomdinare. am SemTxvevaSi qalisa da mamakacis seqsualuri ganviTarebis sxvaoba gasagebia genitaliebis anatomiuri sxvaobisa da amasTan dakavSirebuli fsiqikuri situaciidan gamomdinare; is Seesabameba im sxvaobas, romelic arsebobs ganxorcielebul kastraciasa da mosalodnel kastracias Soris. amasTanave oidiposis kompleqsi imdenad didi mniSvnelobis mqonea, rom sruliad ar aris arasayuradRebo Tu rogor xvdebian am situaciaSi da rogor aRweven mas Tavs. rogorc es ukve iyo naCvenebi adre, froidis CvenebiT es kompleqsi ki ar ganidevneba, aramed is ingreva im Sokis zegavleniT, romelic kastraciis muqariT aris gamowveuli. biWi uaryofs Tavis libidozur mijaWvulobebs, romelbic deseqsualuzurdebian da nawilobriv maTi sublimacia xdeba. maTi obieqtebi me-s SemadgenlobaSi erTvebian, sadac isini ze-me-s birTvs warmoqmnian da am axal qarmonaqmns gansakuTrebul maxasiaTeblebs mianiWeben. normaluri, idealur SemTxvevaSi oidiposis kompleqsi aRar arsebobs aracnobierSi, misi adgilsamyofelia ze-me. oidiposis kompleqsis katastrofa incestze uaris Tqma, sindisisa da moralis gaCena unda iyos ganxiluli STamomvalobis gamarjveba individze. 41

gogos SemTxvevaSi oidiposis kompleqsis daRupvis motivi gamoiricxeba. kastraciam ukve moaxdina Tavisi zemoqmedeba, romelic mdgomareobda imaSi, rom bavSvs oidiposis kompleqsis situaciisaken misca biZgi. gogo SedarebiT ufro xangrZlivi drois ganmavlobaSi, gandevniT Tavisufldeba oidiposis kompleqsisagan; misi zegavlena vrceldeba qalis normalur sulier cxovrebaze sakmaod farTed. froidi mcireodeni enTuziazmiT aRniSnavs imas, rom qalis zneobrivi done gansxvavdeba. ze-me arasodes ar iqneba iseTi ulmobeli, iseTi usaxuri da iseTi damoukidebeli Tavisi efeqturi warmomavlobebidan rogorc es kacis SemTxvevaSia. qalisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli Tvisebebi samarTlianobis SegrZnebis nakleboba kacTan SedarebiT, cxovrebiseuli saWiroebebisadmi daqvemdebarebis naklebi unarianoba, rom Tavis gadawyvetilebebSi is xSirad xelmZRvanelobs nazi da metoqeobrivi grZnobebiT yvela es damaxasiaTebeli Tviseba Tavis fuZes zemoT moyvanili ze-me-s warmonaqmnis modificirebaSi iRebs. xazi aris gasmuli feministebis mxridan sqesis Tanaswori Sefasebis moTxovnis umarTebuloba. froidis azriT anatomiuri sxvaobis fsiqikuri Sedegebis Sesaxeb am msjelobas mieniWeba Rirebuleba im SemTxvevaSi Tu ramodenime SemTxvevaze dayrdnobiT am debulebebis ganmtkiceba moxdeba da maTi tipiuroba iqneba amiT dadasturebuli. ramodenime tipis xasiaTi fsiqoanalitikuri praqtikidan rodesac eqimi nervulad daavadebul avadmyofs fsiqoanaliziT mkurnalobs misi interesi pirvel yovlisa ar aris momarTuli pacientis xasiaTze. ufro metad eqimi dainteresebulia gaigos Tu ra mniSvneloba gaaCnia pacientis simptomebs, ra saxis swrafvebia am simptomebSi damaluli da pouloben am simptomebSi dakmayofilebas, rogori saxis etapebi iyo ganvlili instinqturi survilebisa da ltolvebidan am simptomebisaken idumalebiT mocul gzaze. magram teqnika romelsac iyenebs eqimi aiZulebs mas sxva obieqtebze miapyros yuradReba. am dros eqimi aRmoaCens rom mis kvlevas winaaRmdegoba xvdeba, romelsac is awydeba avadmyofis mxridan. mas aqvs sruli ufleba miaweros es winaaRmdegobebi avadmyofis xasiaTs. aqedan gamomdinare xasiaTi iZens gansakuTrebul uflebas eqimis mxridan arsebuli interesis mimarT. is rac axdens winaaRmdegobas eqimis mcdelobebis mimarT, sruliad ar warmoadgens xasiaTis im Tvisebebs, romelic aRiarebulia TviT avadmyofis mier an warmoadgens misi axloblebis mosazrebas avadmyofis xasiaTis Sesaxeb. momdevno striqonebi mieZRvneba xasiaTis ramodenime moulodneli maxasiaTeblis aRwerasa da axsnas. 1. gamoricxva fsiqoanalitikuri muSaobis ganmavlobaSi eqimi upirispirdeba amocanas, rom rogorme ubiZgos avadmyofs garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi uaryos raime saxis uSualo siamovneba. avadmyofma unda uaryos is siamovneba da dakmayofileba, romelic mavnebelia; es ukmarisoba man mxolod droebiT unda ganicados. avamdyofi unda mieCvios, rom Caanacvlos siamovneba / dakmayofileba sxva, ufro mtkice siamovnebiT, Tumca romelic mcire xniT gadadebulia. sxva sityvebiT eqimis xelmZRvanelobiT pacientma unda moaxdinos is gardatexa / gadasvla siamovnebis principidan realobis principisaken, romelic ganasxvavebs bavSvsa da zrdasruls. am aRmzrdelobiTi amocanis ganmavlobaSi is faqti rom eqimi ufro metis mcodnea vidre pacienti naklebad mniSvnelovan rols TamaSobs; xSir SemTxvevaSi eqims ar SeuZlia uTxras pacients ufro meti vidre mas Tavisive goneba karnaxobs. magram es sruliad ar aris erTi da igive: icode raime sakuTari Tavis Sesaxeb da amave dros gaigo es sxvisi piridan; am SemTxvevaSi eqimi am sxva piris rols iZens, es roli aqtiuria. am SemTxvevaSi is sargeblobs im gavleniT, romelic erT adamians SeuZlia meoreze ganaxorcielos. 42

Tumca amgvari siamovnebisagan uaryofis moTxovnis SemTxvevaSi zogjer eqimi xvdeba pacientebs romlebic uaryofen damorCilebas. isini amtkiceben rom sakmarisia tanjva da danaklisis daTmena. maT surT ganTavisufldnen yovelgvari moTxovnebisagan da xSir SemTxvevaSi maTi mtkiceba Semdegi saxisaa, isini warmoadgenen gamonakliss da surT am poziciis SenarCuneba ganusazRvreli droiT. es sakmaod Taviseburi motovireba aris. aseTi SemTxvevebisas eqimis gavlenas ar aqvs aranairi Zala da is pirveli etapis ganmavlobaSi pasiuria. erTaderTi rac mas darCenia aris amgvari mavnebeli winaganwyobis wyaros kvleva. magram ueWvelia, rom nebismier adamians surs iyos gamonaklisi SemTxveva da qondes ufleba am upiratesobis aRiarebisa sxva adamianebis mxridan. swored amitom aris gamoyenebuli motivirebac, rac xSir SemTxvevaSi ar aris warmatebuli saxis (garkveulwilad damajerebeli) es xom aucilebelia Tuki pretenzia aris gamoTqmuli gansxvavebulobasa da gansakuTrebulobaze / upiratesobaze. am motivirebebis gansxvavebulobis miuxedavad froidi amtkicebs rom SeimCneva saerTo maxasiaTeblebi im pacientebis warsuli cxovrebis bedisweraSi romelnic man ikvlia: maTi nevrozis sawyiss warmoadgens raime gancda an is ubralod SemouerTda avadmyofobas, romelSic isini Tavs damnaSaved ar Tvlidnen da romelic maT mier iyo moazrebuli rogorc maTi pirovnebis mimarT usamarTlo zianis miyeneba. maT daiwyes fiqri, rom es usamarTloba maT aZlevs uflebas garkveuli privilegiebisaTvis, maT gamoumuSavdaT yvelafrisadmi daumorCileblobis survili am yvelaferma Tanmimdevruli doniT xeli Seuwyo im konfliqtebis gamwvavebas, romlebmac sabolood nevrozi gamoiwvies. froids moyavs erT-erTi pacienti qalis SemTxveva, romelsac nevrozi gaumwvavda maSin rodesac man gaigo Tandayolili daavadebis Sesaxeb, romelic mas xels uSlida cxovrebiseuli miznebis miRwevaSi. is moTminebiT itanda daavadebas maSin rodesac egona rom is SeZenilia, magram rogorc ki gaigo rom es daavadeba Tandayolili iyo is ubralod ajanyda. froids magaliTis saxiT moyavs mxatvruli saxe, romelic Seqmnili iyo udidesi mwerlis mier da romlis xasiaTSic gansakuTrebulobis pretenziebis motivi mWidrod ukavSirdeba Tandayolili zaralis moments da ganpirobebulic ki aris am momentiT. riCard III-es Sesaval monologSi glosteri (momavali mefe) Semdegs ambobs: es aris sakuTari garegnobis naklulovanebis Sesaxeb monologi, romelic gamoxatavs mizezs Tu ratom gadawyvets es gmiri boroti saqmeebis keTebas. froidi axdens am monologis analizs. is xazs usvams im faqts, rom mwerali garkveulwilad unda cdilobdes gmiris mimarT mkiTxvelis mxridan simpatia gamoiwvios, rac SesaZlebelia Sinagani erTianobiT mxolod da mxolod, garkveuli gagebiT, mkiTxvels unda esmodes gmiris Sinagani samyaro. amitom froidis azriT riCardis am monologSi ar aris gamoTqmuli yvelaferi; aq mxolod miniSneba aris, xolo is rac ar aris naTqvami mkiTxvels SeuZlia Seavsos. magram am SemTxvevaSi frivoluroba daikargeba da darCeba mxolod is simware, rodesac riCardi Tavisi naklulovanebebis Sesaxeb Civis. aqedan gamomdinare Semdegi saxis ram xdeba: bunebam mZime usamarTloba Caidina, man ar mianiWa gmirs is garegani silamaze, romelic adamianTa mxridan siyvaruls imsaxurebs. aqedan gamomdinare cxovrebam unda daajildovod is, da am jildos is Tavad iRebs. is ganacxadebs rom is aris gansakuTrebuli / gamonaklisi; mas aqvs ufleba imisa, rom ar gaiTvaliswinos is eWvebi da SiSebi romelic sxva adamianebisaTvis mniSvnelovania. riCardi am maxasiaTeblis giganturi gadaWarbeba aris maxasiaTeblisa romelsac yvelani Cven aRmovaCenT sakuTar TavSi. yvelani Cven viTxovT garkveuli saxis kompensacias im zaralis gamo romelic ganicada Cvenma narcisizmma adreuli bavSvobis asakSi. swored am safuZvels warmoadgens qalebis moTxovnileba gakrveuli privilegiebis mimarT. froidis azriT qalebi Tavs afaseben rogorc damcirebuls, 43

usamarTlod dakninebuls; qaliSvilebis umravlesobas dedis mimarT gaboroteba swored im faqtidan gamomdinare aqvT, rom adanaSauleben dedas vinaidan man gaaCina is gogonebad da ara biWebad. 2. warumatebloba warmatebis momentSi fsiqoanalitikurma samuSaom Semdegi saxis Tezisi SemogvTavaza: adamianebi daavaddebian nerviulad siamovnebis uaryofis Sedegad. am yvelafris miRma maTi libidonozuri ltolvebis uaryofa xdeba. magram imisaTvis rom am mdgomareobis arsi gavacnobieroT, aucilebelia gaviaroT didi gza. vinaidan nevrozis CamoyalibebisaTvis aucilebelia konfliqti adamianis libidonozuri ltolvebisa da misi arsebis im nawils Soris, romelsac mes vuwodebT. me misi TviTgadarCenis instinqtebis gamoxatulebas warmoadgens da moicavs idealebs sakuTari arsebis Sesaxeb. amgvari paTogenuri konfliqti aRmocendeba mxolod da mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki libidos aqvs survili miiRos iseTi miznebi da mimarTulebani, romelic mem didi xnis winaT gadalaxa da gansaja, romelic mes didi xania miaCnia akrZalulad; libido am SemTxvevaSi ase iqceva maSin, Tuki mas warTmeuli aqvs siamovnebis miRebis SesaZlebloba, romelic Seesabameba mesa da mes idealebs. aqedan gamomdinare nevrozis aRmocenebis mizezad siamovnebis realuri dakmayofilebis ukmarisoba da uaryofa iqceva, Tumca is ar aris erTaderTi mizezida piroba. froidi aRniSnavs im faqts rom xSir SemTxvevaSi eqimi aris mowme pacientis daavadebisa swored im momentSi, rodesac maTi yvelaze sanukvari ocneba iyo Sesrulebuli. iqmneba iseTi STabeWdileba rom TiTqos da maT ar ZaluZT sakuTari bednierebis atana, vinaidan daavadebasa da warmatebas Soris mizezobrivi kavSiris arseboba aSkara aris. froidi TvalnaTlivi magaliTisaTvis aRwers erTi aristokrati qaliSvilis istorias, romelic saxlidan gaiqca da Semdeg mxatvris sayvareli gaxda, romelic misi aristokratulobis reabilitacias axdenda. swored maSin rodesac es qalbatoni mxatvris kanonieri meuRle unda gamxdariyo, mas daemarTa Cavardna is eWvianobda da momaval meuRles adamianebTan kontaqti aukrZala, gauCnda devnis SegrZneba da daavadda ganukurnebeli sulieri seniT. kidev erTi magaliTi mowafe kacis, romelsac surda Tavisi maswavleblis gamgrZelebli gamxdariyo, magram rogorc ki mieca es SesaZlebloba daemarTa melanqolia, romelmac ramodenime wliT saerTod gamoricxa misi qmediTunarianoba da aqtivoba. ramdenadac ar unda gansxvavdebodes es ori SemTxveva maT aerTianebs is, rom daavadeba Cndeba swored maSin, rodesac xdeba sanukvari ocnebis asruleba da gamoiricxeba asrulebuliT tkbobis SesaZlebloba. froidi aRniSnavs rom is winaaRmdegobrivoba, rasac vawydebiT am dakvirvebasa da im Teziss Soris, romlis mixedviTac adamiani avad xdeba siamovnebisagan uaryofis Sedegad, gadaulaxavi aris. is gamoiricxeba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi Tuki gaimijneba Sinagani da garegani daukmayofilebloba. Tuki realuri obieqtis CamoSoreba moxda, romelsac libidos dakmayofileba SeuZlia, maSin es aris garegani danaklisi da garegani daukmayofilebloba. TavisTavad is moklebulia zemoqmedebas da ar aris paTogenuri, sanam mas ar miuerTdeba Sinagani daukmayofileblobac. es Sinagani daukmayofilebloba unda iyos wamosuli medan da ecilebodes libidos sxva obieqtebis flobis survils / moTxovnilebas. mxolod am SemTxvevaSi Tavs iCens konfliqtis aRmoceneba da nevrotuli daavadebis SesaZleblobac. xolo im gansakuTrebuli SemTxvevebisas rodesac adamianebi avad xdebian warmatebis momentSi, moqmedebaSi iyo mxolod Sinagani daukmayofilebloba da misi Sinagani gamovlineba daiwyo maSin, rodesac garegani daukmayofilebloba Canaxvlebuli iyo survilis SesrulebiT. 44

analitikuri muSaobisas rTuli ar aris imis aRmocena, rom sinamdvileSi aq saqme gvaqvs sindisis ZalasTan: sindisi saSualebas ar aZlevs adamians garkveuli saxis mogeba / sargebeli naxos mis sasargeblod / xelsayrelad Secvlil garemo pirobebidan gamomdinare. magram am tendenciebis (damsjeli da ganmkiTxveli) arsis wvdoma sakmaod rTulia; froidi aRniSnavs rom msgavs tendenciebs vawydebiT moulodnel viTarebebSic. amisaTvis froidi iyenebs mxatvruli nawarmoebis nimuSebis analizs didi mwerali-gulTmmarTvelebis nawarmoebis nimuSebis. pirovneba romelmac ganicada warumatebloba warmatebis miRwevis Semdgom aris Seqspiris ledi makbeti. ledi makbeti aris pirovneba romelmac ganicada warumatebloba mis mier miRweuli warmatebis Semdeg, im warmatebisa, romliskenac is iRwvoda udidesi energiulobiT. mas ar qonda aranairi eWvebi da arc Sinagani brZola, yvelaferi rac mas surda iyo is, rom sakuTari meuRlis orWofoba daeZlia, meuRlisa, romelic pativmoyvare magram rbili gulis patroni iyo. is mzad aris, rom danaSaulebriv Canafiqrs sakuTari qaluroba Seswiros da ar iTvaliswinebs imas Tu ra gadamwyveti roli eqneba am qalurobas, rodesac saqme Seexeba danaSaulis meoxebiT miRweul, misi pativmoyvareobis ocnebis ganmtkicebas. froids moyavs nawyvetebi poemidan sadac ledi makbeti mouxmobs sikvdilis demonebs, mis qalur sulSi TanagrZnobis aRkveTisaTvis da a. S. froidi aRniSnavs rom danaSaulis Cadenamde mas winaaRmdegobis SegrZneba ipyrobs. froids moyavs citata sadac ledi makbeti bavSvis Zilisas mamasTan msgavsebas aRniSnavs. xolo maSin rodesac is ukve dedofalia, rac dunkanis mkvlelobis meSveobiT ganaxorciela, is drodadro grZnobs garkveuli saxis imedgacruebas da mowyenilobas. froidi aRniSnavs rom ar icis ratom. makbetis sityvebi survilebis dakmayofilbis Semdeg simSvidis ar qonis Sesaxeb. Tumca is mainc medgrad aris. am sityvebs moyveba banketis scena. aq is axerxebs meuRlis dabneulobis dafarvas da stumrebis dasaTxovad sababs gamoZebnis. amis Semdeg is ukve somnambulis mdgomareobaSi gamoCndeba, rac gamowveulia danaSaulebrivi Ramis STabeWdilebebiT. exlac is meuRles mouwodebs medgrobisaken da eubneba mas, rom veravin ver gabedavs maT gakicxvas da gasamarTlebas. mas esmis karze kakuni, romlisac ase SeeSinda meuRles mkvlelobis Semdgom. amasTanave is cdilobs Semdgari Seumdgarad aqcios is sisxliani xelis dabanas cdilobs da acnobierebs rom es mcdelobani usafuZvloa. froidi Tvlis rom monaniebam dasZlia is, vinc aqamde gaucxoebuli iyo monaniebisagan. da maSin rodesac is kvdeba, makbeti romelic iseTive udreki da daundobeli xdeba rogorc manmade, misTvis mxolod mokle epiTafias poulobs: SeiZleboda ufro mogvianebiT gardacvliliyo, am cnobis miReba yovelTvis moeswreboda. froidi svams kiTxvas Tu ra SeiZleboda yofiliyo am rkinisebri xasiaTis Seryevis mizezi? mxolod monanieba, Tu danaSaulis gansxvavebuli iersaxe maSin rodesac is ukve Cadenilia? unda iyos Tu ara Cvens mier gakeTebuli daskvna, rom ledi makbetis fsiqika adrec iyo susti / rbili da man veRar gauZlo im ukidures daZabulobas romlisadmic sakuTari Tavi momarTa. Tu kidev ufro metad siRrmiseuli motivireba unda iyos moZebnili saimisod rom es gardatexa ufro axlo da gasagebi iyos? froidi am SemTxvevaSi eWvobs, rom SesaZlebeli iqneba am sakiTxis amomwuravi gadawyveta. Seqspiriseuli makbeti aris piesa, romelic daiwera SemTxveviTi movlenis gamo: samefo taxtze Sotlandiis mefis, jemsis Sedgomis gamo. misi aRmavloba samefo taxtze unayofobis wyevlisa da gagrZelebuli gvaris dalocvis demonstracias warmoadgenda (aqamde froids qalwuli elizavetas unayofobis Sesaxeb aqvs mokled aRwerili). swored am winaaRmdegobrivobaze aris Seqspiris makbetis evoluciac dafuZnebuli. 45

winaswarmetyvelebi makbets amcnoben rom iqneba mefe da misi Svilebi STamomavlobiT miiReben gvirgvins. magram is ar kmayofildeba am bedisweriT, vinaidan mas surs dinastiis damfuZnebeli iyos, mas ar surs rom mis mier Cadenili mkvleloba sxvisaTvis iyos momgebiani. am punqts ar aqceven xSirad yuradRebas froidis sityvebiT, vinaidan Seqspiris piesaSi pativmoyvareobis tragediis danaxva surT mxolod. swored amitom surs makbets iyolios Svilebi, rom winaswarmetyvelebis es nawili ar aRsruldes. froids moyvas striqonebi, sadac makbeti Tavis meuRles vaJebis gaCenas Txovs. rodesac makbets imedebi gaucruvdeba mas mxolod ori gza rCeba an unda daemorColis bedisweras, an kidev misi moRvaweoba kargavs sazriss da iZens sikvdilmisjili dabrmavebuli da gaxelebuli adamianis qmedebebis xasiaTs, romelic anadgurebs aseve imasac rac misTvis miRwevadia. froidi aRniSnavs, rom kargad Cans makbetis mier ganvlili swored aseTi evolucia, xolo tragediis mwvervalze ismis makdufis ganacxadi, romelic xSir SemTxvevaSi aRiarebulia rogorc orazrovani mniSvnelobis mqone da romelic moicavs makbetis cvlilebis gacnobierebis SesaZleblobas. makdufi iZaxis: makbeti unayofoa! am sityvebis sazrisi mdgomareobs imaSi, rom is unayofoa, amitom mxolod mas SeeZlo moekla Cemi Svilebi. amave dros am sityvebs siRrmiseuli motivis gamoaSkaravebac SeuZliaT: es morivi makbets aiZulebs Tavisi buneba uaryos, xolo misi meuRlis SemTxvevaSi mTavar satkivars exeba. magram Tuki mTeli piesa iqneba moazrebuli mTlianobaSi, is ganmsWvalulia mSoblisa da Svilis urTierTobebis kompleqsiT. froidi adarebs golinSedis (1577) qronikas da Seqspiriseul interpretacias. golinSedis qronikaSi mxolod erTxel aris moxseniebuli ledi makbeti, rogorc pativmoyvare, sakuTari meuRlis STamagonebeli mkvlelobisadmi, im mizniT rom Semdeg gamxdariyo dedofali. amis sapirispirod makbetis xasiaTSi arsebuli cvlilebebi, froidis mier moyvanili motivirebis msgavsia. magram golinSedsa da Seqspiris variantebs Soris sxvaoba droiT periodSi mdgomareobs. golinSedTan moqmedeba 10 wlis ganmavlobaSi viTardeba, xolo SeqspirTan (moqmedi pirebis dialogebidan gamomdinare) daaxloebiT erTi kviris ganmavlobaSi sakmaod swrafad. mxolod da mxolod aTi wlis amowurvis Semdgom mas ipyrobs SiSi rom moxdeba winaswarmetyvelebis asruleba, romelic bankos exeba. swored amitom is klavs bankos da ukve amis Semdeg erT borotmoqmedebas meore moyveba da a. S. Seqspiris SemTxvevaSi movlenaTa ganviTarebis siswrafe gamoricxavs froidis motivirebis konstruqciebs makbetisa da misi meuRlis xasiaTebSi momxdari gardatexis Sesaxeb. ar aris sakmarisad mocemuli is droiTi monakveTi romlis ganmavlobaSic qronikuli imedis gacrueba qalis xasiaTis Serbilebasa da mamakacis gamwarebas gamoiwvevda. amitom drois ekonomia gamoricxavs sxva danarCeni motivebis arsebobis SesaZleblobas garda fsiqologiurisa . magram froidis mosazrebiT SeuZlebelia imis gageba Tu ra motivebia es, ris gamoc moridebuli pativmoyvare dauokebel tiranad gadaiqceva, xolo foladiviT mtkice STamagonebeli ( ) ganadgurebulia monaniebiT da avad xdeba. froidi uaryofs im mosazrebas rom msgavsi analizi kargavs mniSvnelobas imasTan SedarebiT Tu ra gavlenas axdens mayurebelze tragedia. is aseve uaryofs im SeniSvnasac, romlis Tanaxmad avtors aqvs ufleba xelovnurad Sekvecos movlenaTa msvlelobis droiTi monakveTi, Tuki es saSualebas iZleba ufro Zlieri dramatuli efeqtis moxdenisaTvis. froidis azriT amgvari ram gamarTlebulia Tuki darRveulia mxolod da mxolod movlenaTa sinamdvile da ar xdeba mizezobrivi kavSirebis darRveva. froids uWirs makbetiseuli problemis gadauwyvetelad mitoveba da kidev erT mcdelobas axdens misi gadawyvetisa. is iyenebs Ludvig Fekels-is mixvedrebs. misi mosazrebis Tanaxmad Seqspirs xSirad aqvs gadanawilebuli erTi xasiaTi or moqmed pirze ise, rom TiToeuli maTgani gancalkevebulad gaugebaria, magram es 46

gaugebroba mxolod iqamde gastans, sanam isini ar ganixilebian rogorc erTi mTliani. swored msgavsi ram aris SesaZlebeli makbetisa da misi ledis SemTxvevaSic, magram ver miviRebT veranair Sedegs ledis damoukidebeli pirovnebis saxiT mosazrebis da makbetis mxolod rogorc misi danamatisa. froidi ar uRrmavdeba am mosazrebas, magram aRniSnavs mxolod imas, rom SiSis is Canasaxi romelic vlindeba makbetTan mkvlelobis Ramisas, SemdgomSi viTardeba ledisTan da ara masTan. swored mas uCndeba xanjlis halucinacia, magram sulieri moSliloba emarTeba mis cols. mkvlelobis Semdeg makbets esmis sityvebi: ar daiZinoT makbeti klavs Zils. ris Semdeg swored mas ar unda daeZina, magram mis nacvlad somnambulis mdgomareobaSi vardeba swored misi meuRle, tiTac sakuTar danaSauls gascems. citatebi imis Sesaxeb rom verc erTi zRva ver Camobans danaSauls misi xelidan da a. S. amitom risic eSinoda makbets mis meuRles emarTeba. danaSaulis Semdeg ledis uCndeba monaniebis SegrZneba, xolo makbeti udreki xdeba. orive erTad ganicdian danaSaulis Semdeg arsebul reaqciebs, erTi fsiqikuri mTliani undividualobis msgavsad. ledi makbetis SemTxvevaSi ver moxerxrda imis axsna Tu ratom xdeba is avad, amitom froidi sxva dramaturgis nawarmoebis analizs iwyebs. rebeka gamviki doqtor vestis mier aris naSvilebi, romlic mas aRzrdis Tavisufali suliskveTebiTa da im gzebisadmi siZulviliT romelTa mixedviT Cveni survilebi gamoiricxebian religiur mrwamsze dafuZnebuli moralidan gamomdinare. doqtoris gardacvalebis Semdeg is miaRwevs imas, rom iwyebs muSaobas rosmersholmSi. rosmersholmi aris sagvareulo mamuli, sadac aravin ar arRvevs asketuri cxovrebis wess. iq cxovroben mRvdeli iohanesi da misi unayofo coli beata. rebekas Suyvardeba mRvdeli da is yvelnairad cdilobs Tavidan CamoiSoros misi meuRle risTvisac sakuTar Tavisufal suliskveTebaze dafuZnebul nebas iyenebs. is beatas aZlevs wigns, romlis mixedviTac qorwinebis mTavari mizania Svilebis yola, rac qals agdebs eWvebSi qorwinebis gamarTlebulobis Sesaxeb. amavdroulad rebeka mas agrZnobinebs rom rosmeri, romlis kiTxvasa da azrTa msvlelobaSi is iRebs monawileobas axlos aris adreuli mosazrebebis uaryofasa da Tanamedrove ganaTlebis gaziarebasTan. beatas rwmena meuRlis zneobriv marTebulobaSi Seryeulia. Semdeg rebeka agrZnobinebs beatas rom male unda miatovos maTi saxli rosmerTan dauSvebeli siaxlovis Sedegebidan gamomdinare. mzakvruli Canafiqri imarjvebs da sacodavi qali Tavs iklavs. rebeka da rosmeri erTad cxovroben da maT akavSirebT siaxlove romelic rosmerisaTvis idealur sulier megobrobas warmoadgenda. rosmeri xels sTxovs rebekas, romelic uaryofs am SeTavazebas rac rosmerisaTvis gaugebaria da mkiTxvelisaTvis miT umetes, vinaidan cnobilia misi faruli zraxvebis Sesaxeb. misi ganmartebiT, mas swored beatas bediswera elis. froidi aRSfoTebulia Tu rogor aris SesaZlebeli, rom avantiuristi, romelmac mzakvrulad gaikafa gza uars ambobs Canafiqris mizanze? amis ganmartebas is TviTon iZleva IV aqtSi sadac Cans rom masSi iRviZebs sindisi, is Seicvala da danaSaulis SegrZneba ver miscems SesaZleblobas tkbobisaTvis. ram gamoaRviZa masSi sindisi? rebekas sityvebiT es cvlileba rosmeris msoflmxedvelobis SecnobiT aris gamowveuli. amasTanave is sinanulsac gamoTqvams rosmersholmma Cemi Zlieri neba da suli Sedrka, frTebi SeaWra da daamaxinja is. is aRiarebs Tavis danaSauls rosmerisa da krolis winaSe, (beatis Zma). Tumca kroli xvdeba rom rebeka mainc bolomde ar iZaxis yvelafers da amitom aiZulebs mas ramodenime mniSvnelovan punqtTan dakavSirebiT aRiaros. aseve froidic Tvlis rom SesaZloa rebeka aRiarebs uaris mizezebs mxolod saimisod rom ar gaamxilos sxva ram. froidi aRniSnavs rom rosmeris gavlena SeiZleba iyos mxolod da mxolod Sirma, romlis miRma sxva mimarTuleba aris. 47

magram rodesac is rosmerisagan isev iRebs SeTavazebas, uaris mizezad amjerad rebeka asaxelebs seqsualur kavSirs sxva mamakacTan, rac gvafiqrebinebs rom es misTvis ufro didi winaaRmdgoba aris vidre Cadenili danaSauli. amasTanave reqtor krols rebekasTvis moulodneli ambavi moaqvs. samgieros mizRvevis survilma is aqcia gamomZieblad, is rebekas amcnobs rom sinamdvileSi ukanaskneli doqtor vestis namdvili Svilia da man is iSvila mxolod dedis gardacvalebis Semdeg. kroli fiqrobs rom rebekam es ambavi isedac icis, magram cdeba. rebekaze am ambavs didi zemoqmedeba aqvs. mas ar sjera. rebekas aRelveba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom is ara mxolod naSvilebi iyo doqtor vestisaTvis, aramed misi sayvarelic. amitom ambavi imis Sesaxeb rom is doqtoris namdvili Svili iyo masze Zalian did zemoqmedebas axdens. exla ukve gasagebi xdeba Tu ratom aris es garemoeba kidev ufro metad mZime vidre mis mier Cadenili danaSauli. vinaidan is mxolod saidumlos erTi nawilis gamxelas apirebda da ara mTlianobaSi. am ambavis gageba mas sruliad anadgurebs, is Tavs damnaSaved aRiarebs rosmerisa da krolis winaSe da gasamgzavreblad emzadeba. magram misi warmatebisas warumateblobis ganmapirobebeli namdvili motivi mainc dafaruli rCeba. ibsenis rebeka vestis traqtati wamoadgens rTuli motivaciis SemTxvevas, sadac zedapiruli motivis safarvels miRma ufro siRrmiseuli mdebareobs. Tumca froidi aRniSnavs, rom rebekas danaSaulis SegrZnebis mizezs incestSi dadanaSauleba warmoadgens Tavidanve, jer kidev sanam reqtori analitikuri simaxviliT am danaSaulis SegrZnebas mis cnobierebamde ar miiyvanda. froidi amtkicebs, rom rodesac rebeka gaxda dedis memkvidre vestTan, am faqtma masze Zalian didi zegavlena moaxdina da is oidiposis kompleqsis gavlenas daeqvemdebara, Tumca ar icoda rom am yvelasaTvis damaxasiaTebelma fantaziam mis cxovrebaSi sinamdviles saxe miiRo. xolo rodesac is rosmersformis mamulSi moxvda, is am scenaris gaTamaSebas realuri ganzraxviT iwyebs: mas surs CamoiSoros deda da coli da daikavos misi adgili qmarTan da mamasTan. is gansakuTrebuli darwmunebulobiT aRniSnavs rom raRacam ubiZga misi qmedebebis ganxorcielebisaken. froidi Tvlis rom yvelaferi rac mas daemarTa rosmersholmSi oidiposis kompleqsis Sedegia, misi dedisa da vestisadmi arsebuli urTierTobebis iZulebiTi ganmeoreba. froidi Tvlis rom es Tema aris oidiposis kompleqsidan gamomdinare / nasesxebi. rodesac gogona moxvdeba romelime saxlSi msaxurad da cnobierad Tu aracnobierad diasaxlisi mis mier CamoSorebulia da is saxlis patrons miyveba colad. froidis azriT fsiqoanalitikuri samuSao aaSkaravebs im faqts, rom sindisis Zala, romelic adamians aiZulebs gaxdes avad warmatebis momentSi oidiposis kompleqsTan aris intimur kavSirSi.

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III froidi wers, rom Tavisi siymawvilis / axalgazrdobis periodis Sesaxeb saubrisas, im periodisa, romelic sqesobriv momwifebas uswrebda, Zalian wesieri adamianebic ki froids im dauSvebeli saqcielis Sesaxeb uyvebodnen romelic CaudeniaT: qurdoba, raimes dawvac ki da a. S. froidi ZiriTadad msgavsi saqcielis CaRrmavebul analizs ar axdenda da mas ukavSirebda im faqtors, rom moraluri TavSekavebani am asakSi rogorc wesi sustad aris ganviTarebuli da amitom ar axdenda am movlenebis ufro mniSvnelovan raimesTan dakavSirebas. magram garkveuli movlenebis TvalsaCinoebam gamoiwvia froids mxridan am sakiTxis ufro siRrmiseuli Seswavlis survili. es gamomdinareobda iqidan, rom amgvari tipis saqcieli Cadenili iyo ukve sakmaod zrdasruli adamianebis mier da Tanac swored im periodSi, rodesac isini mkurnalobdnen masTan. froidma ganaxorciela analitikuri samuSao da gaarkvia, rom es qmedebebi ganxorcielda pirvel rigSi imitom, rom ar iyvnen dasaSvebi da maTi ganxorcieleba damnaSaves garkveuli saxis Svebis SegrZnebas aniWebda. gaurkveveli danaSaulis SegrZneba zewolas axdenda masze, am grZnobis warmoSoba ki ar iyo gasagebi, es garemoeba mas gancdaSi agdebda (damnaSaves), xolo dauSvebeli qmedebis ganxorcieleba ki SedarebiT amsubuqebda zewolas. froidi amtkicebs rom raoden paradoqsaluric ar unda iyos es, danaSaulis SegrZneba arsebobda dauSvebeli qmedebis ganxorcielebamde, rom is warmoiqmna ara misgan gamomdinare, aramed TviT danaSauli iyo ganpirobebuli am SegrZnebis pirvandeli arsebobiT. froidi wamoayenebs or kiTxvas: rogoria am bneli danaSaulis SegrZnebis warmoSoba, saidan aris is warmoSobili, da aris Tu ara SesaZlebeli, rom am warmoSobis mizezobrioba garkveulwilad mniSvnelovani rolis mqone iyos kacobriobis mier Cadenil danaSaulebebTan mimarTebaSi. pirveli sakiTxis kvleva, warmoadgenda zogadad danaSaulis SegrZnebis warmoqmnis gamorkvevis SesaZleblobas. analitikurma samuSaom yvela SemTxvevaSi msgavsi daskvnis gamotana ganapiroba, rom danaSauli es bneli SegrZneba warmoiqmneba oidiposis kompleqsis SegrZnebisagan, es iyo erTgvari reaqcia ori saxis danaSaulze: mamis mkvlelobasa da dedasTan sqesobrivi urTierTobis moTxovnilebaze. am SegrZnebebTan SedarebiT danaSaulebani, Cadenili danaSaulis SegrZnebis fiqsaciisaTvis datanjuli adaminebisaTvis garkveulwilad Svebas warmoadgendnen. am SemTxvevaSi froidi ganamtkicebs am Sexedulebas im debulebiT, rom sindisi, romelic amJamad ukve STamomavlobiT miRebul sulier gancdas warmoadgens, kacobriobis mier SeZenilia oidiposis kompleqsTan dakavSirebiT. rac Seexeba meore sakiTxs, am SemTxvevaSi kiTxvaze arsebuli pasuxis moZiebis SesaZlebloba scildeba fsiqoanalitikuri samuSaos sferos. am SemTxvevaSi froidi ixsenebs bavSvebis magaliTs rom isini cudad moqcevas iwyeben provocirebis mizniT, xolo sasjelis miRebis Semdgom isini isev mSvidi da skmayofilebi arian. Tuki am SemTxvevaSic analizis mcdlobas movaxdenT, davaskvniT, rom isev danaSaulis SegrZnebis kvals vawydebiT, romelis aiZulebs maT sasjelis Ziebisadmi. am SemTxvevaSi zrdasruli damnaSaveebidan unda gamoiricxon isini vinc ar ganicdis danaSaulis Cadenisas sindisi qenjnas, rac gamowveulia aris moraluri Sekavebis unaris ar qoniT, an kidev imiT, rom sazogadoebasTan brZolisas isini Tvlian rom aqvT amgvari saqcielis Cadenis ufleba. froidi ixsenebs, rom erT-erTma misma megobarma misi yuradReba miapyro nicSes damnaSave danaSaulis SegrZnebis gamo am niSnis mimarT. aseve is aRniSnavs, rom danaSauliT sargebloba am SegrZnebis racionalizaciis mizniT aseve sagrZnobia zaratustras ferwasuli damnaSaves SemTxvevaSic. obieqtis SerCevis gansakuTrebuli tipis Sesaxeb mamakacis SemTxvevaSi 49

fsiqoanalirikuri mkurnalobisas arsebobs sakmarisi SesaZleblobani nevrotikebis sasiyvarulo cxovrebis sferosTan gacnobisaTvis. amgvari gacnobda gviCvenebs rom msgavsi saqcieli SesaZlebelia iyos ganxorcielebuli rogorc jansaRi aseve ganTqmuli adamianis mierac. erT-erTi obieqtis SerCevis mamakacuri tipis aRwera froids surs imitom, rom is gamoirCeva siyvarulis iseTi pirobebiT, romelTa naerTic sakmaod gasaocaria da amave dros am tipis SemTxvevaSi arsebobs Zalian martivi fsiqologiuri axsna-ganmartebac. 1pirveli amgvari siyvarulis piroba SesaZlebelia specifiuri aris. SesaZlebelia mas vuwodoT mesame dazaralebulis piroba. misi sazrisi mdgomareobs imaSi, rom is pirebi vinc am kategorias miekuTvneba, arasodes ar irCeven Tavis obieqtad Tavisufal qals, aramed swored iseTs, romelsac sxva pretendentebic yavs: meuRle, saqmro an kidev megobari. es piroba zogierT SemTxvevaSi imdenad gadamwyvetia da sabediswero, rom qals Tavdapirvelad ar aqceven yuradRebas, SesaZlebelia misi uaryofac ki xdebodes, sanam is vinmes sakuTrebad ar ganixileba. aseTi tipis adamiani swored maSin Seiyvarebs qals rodesac is garkveul urTierTobas daamyarebs vinmesTan. 2meore piroba, naklebad mdgradi magram aseve ucnauria. obieqtis SerCevis amgvari tipi mxolod im pirobasTan erTiandeba, romelic pirvelad iyo aRwerili, amasTanave froidi aRniSnavs, rom pirveli tipis SemTxveva xSiria. meore piroba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom ganuxrwneli, yovelgvari eWvis gareSe patiosani qali ar aris sakmarisad mimzidveli imisaTvis, rom siyvarulis obieqtad iqces. sqesobrivi TvalsazrisiT mimzidvelia mxolod is qali, romlis patiosneba da erTguleba saeWvo aris. es ukanaskneli gansakuTrebuloba ganapirobebs gansxvavebul SesaZleblobebs, dawyebuli gaTxovili qalis reputaciis mciredi naklulovanebidan, siyvarulis qalRmerTis cxovrebis niriT damTavrebuli. am pirobas mciredi gadametebis saxiT SesaZlebelia vuwodoT meZavisadmi siyvaruli. pirveli saxis piroba sxva mamakacisadmi mtruli ganwyobis dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobas iZleva, romelsac arTmeven sayvarel qals, meore piroba ki qalis prostituciasTan kavSiri ukavSirdeba eWvianobis SegrZnebis gancdis aucileblobas, romelic am tipis SeyvarebulTa saWiroebas / moTxovnilebas warmoadgens. froidi ganasxvavebs am ori kategoriis tipebs imiT, rom meore SemTxvevaSi eWvianobis sagans warmoadegns ara kanonieri mflobeli meuRle aramed is ucxo pirebi, pretendentebi, visTanac siaxlovis eWvi gaaCnia mamakacs. xolo rac Seexeba kanonier partniors, masTan urTierToba problemas ar warmoadgens, am SemTxvevaSi eWvianobas adgili ar aqvs. Semdegi punqtebi warmoadegnen ara siyvarulis obieqtis moTxovnilebebs, aramed damokidebulebas siyvarulis obieqtis mimarT. 3normaluri sasiyvarulo cxovrebis SemTxvevaSi qalis faseuloba ganisazRvreba misi sibiwiT da klebulobs rodesac meZavis kategorias vuaxlovdebiT. aqedan gamomdinare moyvanili tipis Seyvarebulebi gadaxras warmoadgenen. aseTi tipis qalebisadmi siyvaruls isini miecemian mTeli Tavisi arsebiT, mTeli CarTulobiT, rac cxovrebis danarCeni interesebis miCqmalvas ganapirobebs. am SemTxvevaSi mudmivad erTgulebis moTxovnasTan aris kavSiri. am niSanTvisebebiT aisaxeba amgvari urTierTobebis akviatebuli xasiaTi, romelic erTis mxriv damaxasiaTebelia nebismieri tipis SeyvarebulobisaTvis. magram amgvari tipis urTierTobebis ar gamoirCeva mdgradobiTa da ar warmoadgens erTaderT SemTxvevas cxovrebaSi. 4yvelaze ufro metad gasaocari aris amgvari tipis urTierTobebSi is, rom aseT Seyvarebulebs aqvT mudam tendencia gadaarCinon TavianTi Seyvarebuli qali. mamakaci darwmunebulia rom qali mis gareSe dakargavs im zneobriv safuZvels romelic mas mxolod am SemTxvevaSi gaaCnia da rom igi advilad daecema zneobrivad. iqidan gamomdinare rom aRwerili tipebis midrekilebani gansxvavdebian, SeuZlebelia rom maTi warmoqmna mxolod erTi wyarodan / mizezidan iyos ganpirobebuli. Tumca froidi Tvlis rom fsiqoanalitikuri kvlevis Sedegad SesaZlebelia am mizezis gamoZieba. obieqtis es Taviseburi arCevani da aseTi ucnauri sasiyvarulo urTierTobebi imave fsiqikuri warmomavlobis arian rogorc sasiyvarulo kavSiri normaluri adamianis SemTxvevaSi: isini 50

warmoiqmnebian bavSvuri fiqsaciidan dedis sinazeze da TavisTavad am fiqsaciis erT-erT Sedegs warmoadgenen. froidi Tvlis saWirod rom miuTiTos am tipis mamakacebis maxasiaTeblebis warmoqmnaze dedobrivi konstelaciidan gamomdinare. aseve bavSvuri urTierTobisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli is gadafaseba, romlis Tanaxmadac Seyvarebuli mxolod erTaderTia da Seucvleli: vinaidan aravis ar gaaCnia erTze meti deda. magram is, rom obieqtis arCevani exeba meZavs, sruliad ewinaaRmdegeba imas, rom es SesaZlebelia iyos dedis konpleqsidan gamomdinare. magram swored am mZafr winaaRmdegobas dedasa da meZavs Soris mivyavarT am ori kopleqsis ganviTarebisa da aracnobieri urTierTqmedebis ganviTarebis istoriis kvlevisaken, vinaidan froidis mtkicebiT xSir SemTxvevaSi aracnobierSi erTiandeba is, rac cnobierSi or sapirispiro cnebebad aris danawevrebuli. am kvlevas mivyavarT daaxloebiT im wlebisaken, rodesac biWi pirvelad igebs zrdasrulebs Soris sqesobrivi urTierTobebis arsebobis Sesaxeb es aris sqesobrivi momwifebis winare wlebi. sqesobrivi urTierTobebis saidumlos gamoaSkaraveba zrdasrulTa avtoritetis msxvrevas ganapirobebs. is garemoeba rom yvelaferi es mis mSoblebs exeba, kidev ufro met gavlenas axdens biWze. xSir SemTxvevaSi rodesac bavSvi am yvelafris Sesaxeb igebs aprotestebs amas daaxlovbiT aseTi formiT: SesaZloa Seni mSoblebi, an sxvisi mSoblebi msgavs raimes sCadian, magram Cemi mSoblebi aseT rames ar akeTeben. amave dros biWi igebs iseTi qalebis Sesaxeb romlebic Tavisi profesiis gamo, sqesobriv urTierTobebSi Sedian da amis gamo maT yvela ver itans. es siZulvili misTvis miuRebelia, vinaidan aseTi qalebis mimarT mas uCndeba ltolvisa da siZulvilis Sereuli grZnoba, vinaidan man icis, rom swored amgvari qalebis meoxebiT gaecnoba sqesobriv cxovrebas. rodesac mas ukve saerTod aRar epareba eWvi rom mSoblebic ewevian sqesobriv cxovrebas, misTvis dedasa da dacemul qals Soris arsebuli sxvaoba ukve imdenad didi aRar aris. bavSvi isev oidiposis kompleqsis gavlenas ganicdis. is rom dedamiss mama uyvars misTvis Ralaris tolfasia. rac Seexeba im tips, romelic midrekilia Seyvarebuli qalis gadarCenisaken, am SemTxvevaSi froidi amtkicebs rom am pirebis gadafarvadi mogonebebis, fantaziebisa da Ramis sizmrebis Seswavla gviCvenebs, rom adgili aqvs aracnobieri potivis racionalizaciis warmatebul SemTxvevas. sinamdvileSi, gadarCenis motivs gaaCnia damoukidebeli mniSvneloba da istoriac. is warmoadgens dedis, an ufro sworad mSobelTa kompleqsis produqts. rodesac bavSvs esmis rom is davalebulia mSoblebis winaSe sakuTari arsebobiT, mas uCndeba rogorc nazi, aseve swrafvis gamomxatveli grZnobebic, damoukeblobisaken swrafva igulisxmeba. bavSvs uCndeba survili rom daubrunos mSoblebs es ZRveni. es vlindeba imaSi, rom vaJs uCndeba survili dedisagan iyolios Svili, romelic misi msgavsi iqneboda, e. i. gadarCenis fantaziaSi is sruliad aigivebs sakuTar Tavs mamasTan. yvela saxis ltolva nazi, keTilSobili, flobis survilis, daumorCileblobisa da uflebamosilebis fpoveben Tavis dakmayofilebas mxolod erT survilSi, rom bavSvi iyos sakuTari Tavis mama. amave dros ar qreba saSiSroebis momentic: TviT dabadebis aqti TavisTavad warmoadgens saSiSroebas, romlisagan gadarCenac dedis Zalisxmevidan gamomdinareobs. dabadeba warmoadgens pirvel cxovrebiseul saSiSroebas, romelic aseve sxva danarCeni saSiSroebebis gansaxierebasac ki warmoadgens: froidis azriT is gancdebi, romelic dabadebisas gviCndeba rCeba CvenSi im afeqturi gamoxatulebis saxiT rasac Cven SiSs vuwodebT. froids moyvanili aqvs Sotlandiuri legendis gmiris magaliTi makdufi, romlisaTvisac ar iyo cnobili SiSis gancda, vinaidan is ar dabadebula, aramed amoWres dedis muclidan. froids moyvanili aqvs sizmrebis axsnis magaliTic. rodesac mamakaci xedavs sizmarSi, rom is gadaarCens qals, es niSnavs imas, rom am qals is dedad aqcevs zemoT moyvanili mosazrebis Tanaxmad es niSnavs imas, rom is mas sakuTar dedad aqcevs. xolo rodesac qali gadaarCens vinmes Tavis sizmarSi (bavSvs magaliTad wylidan amoiyvans), amiT is sakuTar Tavs cnobs mis dedad, rogorc dedofali, romelmac wyalSi mose ipova da Tavi aRiara mis dedad, romelmac is Soba. froidi aRniSnavs, rom dakvirvebis safuZvelze gamokveTili amgvari tipebis mxolod dakavSirebuli ganmarteba mogvcems SesaZleblobas swori Sefaseba movaxdinoT. 51

narcisizmze
1 termini narcisizmi gadaRebulia 1899 w. P. Nacke-s mier aRwerili avadmyofobis suraTidan. es termini gamoiyeneboda im mdgomareobis asaRniSnavad, rodesac adamiani Tavis sxeuls rogorc seqsualur obieqts epyroba, aTvalierebs mas seqsualuri dakmayofilebis SegrZnebiT, efereba sakuTar sxeuls manam, sanam srul dakmayofilebas ar iZens. narcisizmis gamovlinebis amgvari forma warmoadgens garyvnilobas, romelic mocemuli piris seqsualuri cxovrebis sferos moicavs. msgavsi garyvniloba Seesabameba im warmodgenebsa da winaganwyobebs, romelic yvela saxis garyvnilobis Seswavlisas aris Tanmxlebi. fsiqoanalitikurma dakvirvebebma cxadyo, rom msgavsi narcisistuli qcevis calkeuli niSanTvisebebi sxva avadmyofuri gamovlinebebis mqone pirebisaTvisac aris damaxasiaTebeli; magaliTad Sadger-is mixedviT homoseqsualebTan. Tumca saboloo jamSi aRniSnulia, rom narcisizmis libido aseve normaluri seqsualuri ganviTarebis mqone adamianisaTvisac damaxasiaTebelia. aseTive sirTuleebi aRiniSneba nevrotikebis fsiqoanalitikuri mkurnalobisas. am SemTxvevaSi narcisizmi ar warmoadgens perverzias, aramed TviTgadarCenis instinqtis egoizmis libidonozuri danamatia, romelic garkveuli raodenobiT yoveli cocxali arsebisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli. im avadmyofebSi, romelTac froidi parafrenikebs uwodebs, (Sizofrenia zogadi dasaxeleba mTeli rigi kognituri, emociuri da qceviTi gamovlinebebis mqone fsiqoturi darRvevebisaTvis. termini SemoRebuli iurgen bliuleris mier, romelmac is SemoiRo 1911 wels, dementia praecox-is sanacvlod. pirdapiri Targmanis mixedviT misi mniSvnelobaa gonebrivi daqucmaceba, is SerCeuli iyo bliuleris mier vinaidan darRveva areklavs/asaxavs erTis mxriv grZnobebisa da emociebis funqciebs Soris arsebul gansvlas an disociacias/ganridebas, xolo meores mxriv azrovnebisa da swavlis. es niSnavs imas, rom daqucmaceba aq aris horizontaluri da ara vertikaluri; es bolo disociacia warmoqmnis rTul pirovnebas multiple personality, gansxvavebul fsiqiatriul sindroms.) ori ZiriTadi maxasiaTebeli gaaCniaT: gandidebis bodva da garemo samyarosadmi interesis dakargva (pirebisa da sagnebisadmi). fsiqikis am cvlilebidan gamomdinare amgvari avadmyofebi ar eqvemdebarebian fsiqoanalizis zemoqmedebas, maTi gankurneba SeuZlebelia. rogorc isteriks, aseve nevrotiksac axasiaTebs akviatebuli mdgomareobebi vinaidan maTi avadmyofoba aisaxeba samyarosTan damokidebulebaSi, darRveulia realobisadmi normaluri damokidebuleba. magram analizi gviCvenebs rom msgavs avadmyofebs ar daukargavT erotiuli damokidebuleba adamianebisa da sagnebis mimarT, is Semonaxulia maTi fantaziis sferoSi. isini ar moimoqmedeben arafers am obieqtebiT flobis ganxorcielebisaTvis. mxolod amgvari mdgomareobebisaTvsi aris marTebuli Lung-is mier gamoyenebuli gamonaTqvami: libidos introversia. parafrenikebis SemTxvevaSi gansxvavebuli viTareba aris. rogorc Cans, libido CamoSorda adamianebsa da gare samyaros sagnebs da ar momxdara maTi Canacvleba fantaziis produqtebiT. froids ainteresebs libidos momarTulobis sakiTxi am SemTxvevaSi, is varaudobs, rom am SemTxvevaSI garkveul miniSnebebs iZleva gandidebis bodva. is obieqtebis libidos nacvlad aRmocenda. gare samyarosagan CamoSorebuli libido sakuTar mes ubrundeba, masze momarTuli xdeba, amgvarad miiReba mdgomareoba romelsac SeiZleba vuwodoT narcisizmi. libidos Teoriis ganviTarebis mesame SesaZleblobas warmoadgens froidis dakvirvebebi primitiuli Temebis sulier cxovrebaze da aseve maTi fsiqikis wvdoma. primitiuli Temebis dakvirvebisas Tavs iCens iseTi maxasiaTebelebi, rac erTeul SemTxvevebSi iqneboda interpretirebuli rogorc gandidebis bodva. survilebisa da zebunebrivi Zalebis rwmena da a. S. gare samyaros mimarT aseTive damokidebuleba aqvs Tanamedrove bavSvsac. aqedan gamomdinare iqmneba STabeWdileba rom pirvel rigSi xdeba libidos koncentracia sakuTar me-ze da SemdgomSi mxolod misi nawilis gadatana xdeba obieqtebze. 52

SeimCneva me libidosa da obieqt libidos dapirispireba/winaaRmdegoba. ra ufro metad ixarjeba erTi, miT ufro naklebad moqmedia meore. froidi ganixilavs narcisizmisa da autoerotiulobis damokidebulebis sakiTxs. is aRniSnavs rom individs ar gaaCnia me pirovnebis erTianoba Tavdapirvelad: me unda ganviTardes, autoerotiuli ltolvebi ki pirveladia; aqedan gamomdinare autoerotiami unda Seicavdes kidev raime sxva gancdebsac imisaTvis, rom warmoiqmnas narcisizmi. me-libidosa da obieqt-libidos faseuloba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom isini aRmocendnen nevrotuli da fsiqoturi procesebis umniSvnelo gansakuTrebulobebis gadamuSavebis Sedegad. libidos dayofa me-sa da obieqtTan dakavSirebiT gamomdinareobs sqesualuri ltolvis mes ltolvisagan gansxvavebiTa da gamoyofiT. upirveles yovlisa am cnebebis (me da obieqt libido) dayofa SimSilisa da siyvarulisadmi pirveladi ltolvebis zogadad miRebuli dayofidan gamomdinareobs. meore biologiuri mosazrebebic mis sasargeblod metyveleben. individi namdvilad ormag cxovrebas eweva. misTvis seqsualobac ki aris TavisTavadi, romelsac is aZlevs mTels Zalas, imisaTvis rom miiRos tkboba. mesame unda gvaxsovdes rom yvela fsiqologiuri daSvebebi unda iyos gadatanili organul safuZvelze. aqedan gamomdinare dasaSvebia, rom gansakuTrebuli nivTierebebi da qimiuri procesebi gamoixateba seqsualobis saxiT da maTi meSveobiT seqsualuri cxovreba modgmis sicocxlis gagrZelebas ganapirobebs. froidi xazs usvams im faqts, rom garemoeba sul sxvagvari iqneboda Tuki damtkicdeboda is rom Sizofreniis SemTxvevaSi libido arSemdgaria. amas amtkicebda C. Jung-i ramac aiZula froidi am msjelobisadmi. is amtkicebs rom iungis mier moyvanili mtkicebulebebi arasakmarisia. Tavis mxriv iungi aRniSnavs sayuradReboa Tu ras eyrdnoba froidi Tavis namuSevarSi Shrebere, rom introversia Libido sexualis ganapirobebs mis koncentracias meze, ris Sedegadac SesaZlebelia gamowveulia realobis funqciis dakargva. iungis azriT realobis dakargvis fsiqologiis amgvari axsna momxiblavad JRers. magram Semdeg is uaryofs am ideas, vinaidan am SemTxvevaSi Cndeba SesaZlebloba imisa, rom Camoyalibdes asketuri anaqoretis (?) fsiqologia. magram amgvari anaqoreti SesaZlebelia srulebiT ar gamoxatavdes seqsualur interess adamianis mimarT, magram mis sublimirebas axdendes RvTaebrivobisadmi interesis gamovleniT, bunebisadmi, cxovelebisadmi, am dros misi libido ar eqvemdebareba introversias fantaziis sferoSi da ar ubrundeba mes. 2 narcisizmis kvleva winaaRmdegobebsac awydeba. ZiriTadi midgoma isev da isev parafreniis analizia. froidi gamoyofs kvlevis gansxvavebul saSualebebs, erT-erTs warmoadgens organuli avadmyofebis fsiqologiis, ipoqondriis fsiqologiisa da orive sqesis siyvarulis grZnobis gamovlinebebs. rogorc cnobilia da savsebiT gasagebia, adamiani, romelic organul avadmyofobas ganicdis da aqvs arasasiamovno SegrZnebebi, kargavs interess gare samyaros obieqtebis mimarT, vinaidan isini ar arian dakavSirebuli mis gancdebTan. kidev ufro zusti dakvirveba gviCvenebs, rom mas ekargeba libidonozuri interesi, mas aRar uyvars, sanam ganicdis. am SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba iTqvas rom avadmyofi Tavisi libids koncentracias axdens meze. is CamoaSorebs mas obieqtebidan, imisaTvis rom gamojanmrTelebis Semdeg kvlav daubrundes. rogorc avadmyofoba, aseve Zilis mdgomareobac dakavSirebulia narcisistul dabrunebasTan sakuTari Tavisadmi, an zustad rom vTqvaT erTaderT moTxovnilebasTan Zilis moTxovnilebasTan. amasTan srul TanxmobaSia aseve sizmrebis egoizmic. azrTa amgvari msvlelobis mixedviT, froidi upirispirdeba ara mxolod ipoqondriis, aramed sxva aqtualuri nevrozebis, nevrasteniisa da SiSis nevrozsac. avadmyofobis meqanizmi da simptomebis warmoqmna gadatanis nevrozebis SemTxvevaSi, e. w. introversiidan depresiisaken ganviTarebis procesi aucilebelia iyos dakavSirebuli libido obieqtebis dagrovebasa da SeyovnebasTan. aseve unda iyos gaTvaliswinebuli me-libidos 53

dagrovebisa da Seyovnebis warmodgenac da moxdes misi dakavSireba ipoqondriisa da parafreniis fenomenebTan. Zlieri egoizmi icavs adamians avadmyofobisagan, magram bolos da bolos, aucilebelia Seyvareba imisaTvis, rom ar daavadde, da Tuki adamians ar eZleva SesaZlebloba rom Seiyvaros, erTaderTi rac SeiZleba moxdes aris is rom adamiani daavaddeba. iqve froids haines samyaros Seqmnis fsiqogenezisi aqvs moyvanili magaliTad. pirvel rigSi froidis azriT Cveni sulieri aparati aris is iaraRi romlis meSveobiTac vumklavdebiT aRgznebebs, romlebic Cveulebriv ganicdebian mtkivneulad da arsebobs maTi paTogenuri zemoqmedebis saSiSroebac. am Sinagani libidos gadamuSavebis dros romelic obieqtebidan mes ubrundeba, parafreniisas gandidebis bodvis ganviTarebis SesaZleblobac iqmneba; sruliad SesaZlebelia rom am bodvis Camoyalibebis warumateblobis SemTxvevaSi, libidos koncentracia meze paTogenur xasiaTs iZens da iwvevs process, romelic ukve Tavis momdevno ganviTarebaSi avadmyofobis saxes iZens. froidi saWirod Tvlis parafreniis meqanizmi siRrmiseulad iyos ganxiluli. narcisistuli daavadebebis (parafrenia, paranoia) (paranoia standartul fsiqiatriul nozologiaSi, es aris funqcionaluri darRveva romlisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia eWvianobis mania, da aseve gandidebis da/an devnis maniebi, rac ar aixsneba sxva iseTi darRvevbiT rogoricaa Sizofrenia, organuli gonebrivi darRveva da organuli gonebrivi sindromi. klasikuri formis SemTxvevaSi maniebi SeumCnevlad viTardebian da ukavSirdebian erTmaneTs racionaluri da Tanmimdevruli rwmenebis sistemis saxiT, romelic Sinaganad/TavisTavad Tanmimdevruli da mtkicea. Camoyalibebis Semdeg es sistema uryevia da Zlieri winaaRmdegoba gaaCnia. paranoias SemTxvevaSi inteleqtualuri funqcia ar aris dazianebuli da paranoidi Tavisi maniebis sistemis farglebSi sruliad Sesabamisad iqceva.) sxvaobas is xedavs SemdegSi: cxovrebiseuli brZolisas mocemuli piris warumateblobis Sedegad ganTavisufelebuli libido ar Cerdeba fantaziis obieqtebze, aramed ubrundeba mes; am SemTxvevaSi gandidebis bodva libidos am masebis fsiqikuri gadalaxvis Sesabamisia; am fsiqikuri bodvis warumateblobis SemTxvevaSi viTardeba ipoqondri da parafrenia, romelic gadatanis nevrozis dros arsebuli SiSis homologiuria. froidi aRniSnavs, rom es SiSi SesaZlebelia Seenacvlos momdevno gadamuSavebis produqtebs konversiebis (konversia standartuli mniSvnelobiT aris raimes transformacia erTi mdgomareobidan meoreSi) , reaqtiuli warmonaqmnis da TavdacviTi zomebis (fobiebis) saxiT. vinaidan parafrenia xSir SemTxvevaSi Sedegad iwvevs libidos nawilobriv CamoSorebas obieqtebisagan, am dros SesaZlebelia sami movlenis gamoyofa: 1) movlenebi romlebic ukavSirdeba SenarCunebul normalurobas an nevrozs (SemorCenili movlenebi); 2) avadmyofuri procesis movlenebi (libidos CamoSoreba obieqtebidan, aqve igulsxmeba gandidebis bodva, ipoqondria, afeqturi darRvevebi, yvela saxis regresiebi); 3) TviTgankurnebis movlena, libidos dabruneba obieqtebisaken isteriis saxiT (Dementia praecox, paraphrenia) an akviatebis nevrozis saxiT (paranoia). mesame midgomas narcisizmis Seswavlisas warmoadgens sasiyvarulo cxovreba misi gansxvavebuli doferenciaciis saxiT mamakacebTan da qalebTan. pirveli autoerotiuli seqsualuri dakmayofileba ukavSirdeba sicocxlisaTvis mniSvnelovan TviTgadarCenis funqciebs. aRniSnulia seqsualur obieqtad dedis an misi Semcveleli piris arCeva. amgvari tipifroidis azriT aris sayrdenis maZiebeli (Anlehnungstypus), analitikurma kvlevam kidev erTi tipis warmoCineba ganapiroba. gansakuTrebiT amgvari movelna damaxasiaTebelia im pirebisaTvis romelTa libidom garkveuli darRvevebi ganicada, rogorc es xdeba magaliTad garyvnilebTan da homoseqsualurebTan romelTa SemTxvevaSic obieqtis SerCeva xdeba ara dedis magaliTis mixedviT, aramed sakuTari Tavis magaliTis mixedviT. rogorc Cans, froidis azriT siyvaruli obieqtSi isini sakuTar Tavs eZeben. obieqtis arCevis amgvar tips froidi narcisistuls uwodebs. am dakvirvebam ganapiroba is, rom libidos ganviTarebis erT-erT stadias warmoadgens narcisizmi. 54

froidi aRniSnavs, rom yovel adamians pirveladad gaaCnia ori seqsualuri obieqti: sakuTari Tavi da misi aRmzrdeli qali, am SemTxvevaSi is TiToeul adamianSi pirveladi narcisizmis arsebobas uSvebs, romelmac zogierT SemTxvevaSi SesaZloa dominirebuli pozicia daikavos obieqtis arCevisas. mamakacisa da qalis gansxvavebulobas froidi Semdegnairad aRwers. obieqtisadmi Rrma siyvaruls sayrdeni tipis mixedviT, is damaxasiaTeblad miiCnevs mamakacis SemTxvevaSi. amgvari seqsualuri gadafaseba ganapirobebs Taviseburi Seyvarebulobis mdgomareobas, romelic nevrotul akviatebas waagavs, risi axsnac SesaZlebelia mesgan libidos warTmeviTa da misi gadacemiT obieqtisaTvis. sruliad gansxvavebulia ganviTareba wminda da namdvili qalis tipis SemTxvevaSi. latenturi qaluri sasqeso organoebis Camoyalibebisas viTardeba pirveladi narcisizmi, romelic ukavSirdeba obieqtis seqsualur gadafasebas. gansakuTrebiT im SemTxvevebSi rodesac ganviTareba silamazis ganviTarebasac ukavSirdeba. uxeSad rom iTqvas aseTi tipis qalebi sakuTar TavSi arian Seyvarebuli iseTi intensivobiT rogorc isini uyvarT mamakacebs. aseTi tipis qalebi mamakacebis yuradRebas ipyroben ara mxolod gansakuTrebuli silamazis gamo, aramed saintereso fsiqologiuri konstelaciis gamoc. froidi aRniSnavs, rom erTi pirovnebis narcisizmi mimzidvelia iseTi pirovnebebisaTvis, romelTac uaryofili qondaT sakuTari narcisizmis gancda sruli saxiT da amitomac miiltvian am adamianisadmi. froidi amtkicebs rom bavSvis momxiblaoba, aseve zogierTi cxovelis momxiblaobac swored TviTkmari narcisizmis Sedegia. magram froidi aseve aRniSnavs, rom arsebobs iseTi qalebis kategoriac visac mamakacis tipis mixedviT uyvarT, maT uviTardebaT am tipisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli seqsualuri gadafaseba. magram aseve narcisistuli qalebisaTvisac vinc mamakacebisadmi civia, arsebobs obieqtis siyvarulis SesaZlebloba. xSir SemTxvevaSi bavSvi romelsac isini aCenen, maTTvis sakuTari sxeulis nawils ganasaxierebs, romelsac maT SeuZliaT obieqtis siyvarulis momarTva mTeli Tavisi sisruliT, rac gamomdinareobs narcisizmidan. sxva tipis qalebisaTvis arc aris saWiro bavSvis gaCenis molodini. iqidan gamomdinare rom sqesobriv mowifulobamde isini biWad aRiqvamdnen sakuTar Tavs, mas Semdeg rac mowifulobasTan erTad msgavsi gamovlinebebi qreba, isini iseTi mamakacebisadmi ganicdian mizidulobas, vinc arsebiTad maTi biWuri arsebis gagrZelebas warmoadgenen. am CamonaTvalis Sedegad froidi Semdeg daskvnamde midis. adamians SeuZlia uyvardes: 1.narcisistuli tipis mixedviT: a.is rasac warmoadgen TavisTavad (sakuTari Tavi), b.is rac iyavi adre, c.is, rac gindoda yofiliyavi, d.pirovneba, romelic sakuTari Tavis nawili iyo. 2.sayrdenis maZiebeli tipis mixedviT: a.aRmzrdeli qali, b.damcveli kaci da mTeli rigi misi Semcvleli pirebisa. bavSvis pozicia unda iyos His Majesty the Baby (misi udidebulesoba beibi) vinaidan es aris is rogoradac miaCndaT sakuTari Tavi TviT mSoblebsac. froidi aRniSnavs rom bavSvisaTvis yvelaferi saukeTesos survili gamoixateba swored mSoblebis narcisizmis aRorZinebiT, romelic miuxedavad imisa, rom obieqtisadmi siyvarulSi aris gardasaxuli, Tavis nadmvil arss mainc gamoxatavs. 3 fsiqoanalitikuri kvleva, romelic mes ltolvebisagan izolirebuli libidozuri ltolvebis dakvirvebis SesaZleblobas iZleva, damkvirvebels SesaZleblobas aniWebs im droisa da fsiqikuri mdgomareobis Sesaxeb gamoitanos daskvna, rodesac gansxvavebuli saxis ltolvebi erTdroulad moqmedeben da uerTdebian narcisistul interesebs. am urTierTqmedebidan gamomdinare adlerma Seqmna Tavisi mamakacuri protesti, romelsac is TiTqmis erTaderTi SemoqmedebiTi Zalis rols aniWebs nevrozebis xasiaTis Camoyalibebis procesSi, xolo mis 55

safuZvelSi is miiCnevs ar anarcisistul ltolvas, aramed socialur Sefasebas. froidi ar uaryofs mamakacuri protestis arsebobasa da mniSvnelobas, ubralod adleris sapirispirod is amtkicebs mis narcisistul sawyiss da warmoqmnas kastraciuli kompleqsidan. froidi Tvlis, rom libidonozuri ltolvebi gardauval paTogenur gandevnas ganicdian, Tuki isini individis kulturul da eTikur warmoadgenebTan konfliqtSi Sedian. gandevna rogorc ukve aRiniSna gamomdinareobs medan, ufro sworad, mes pativmoyvareobidan/Tavmoyvareobidan. idealis Camoyalibeba, mes mxridan gandevnis warmoqmnis sawindaria/mizezia. swored mes am ideals ekuTvnis is siyvaruli sakuTari Tavis mimarT, romelic bavSvobaSi gamomdinareobda namdvili medan. narcisizmi am axal idealur meze gadaitaneba, romelic infantiluris msgavsad yvela faseul srulyofilebebs flobs. Tavis Tavad am SemTxvevaSi wamoiWreba idealis warmoqmnisa da sublimirebis urTierTdamokidebulebis sakiTxi. sublimireba aris procesi romelic xorcieldeba libidos obieqtTan mimarTebaSi, da mdgomareobs imaSi rom ltolva gadaitaneba gansxvavebul mizanze, romelic Sors aris seqsualurisagan. idealizacia aris procesi, romelsac ganicdis obieqti da romlis Sedegadac obieqti ar icvleba Tavisi arsiT, fsiqikurad iZens ra ufro met mniSvnelobas da aseve ufro met Sefasebasac.idealizacia SesaZlebelia rogorc me-libidos sferoSi, aseve obiet-libidos sferoSic. araswori gacnobierebidan gamomdinare, xSirad aerTianeben/aigiveben me-idealisa da sublimirebis ltolvis warmoqmnas. swored nevrotikebis SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia moiZebnos meidealisa da primitiuli libidozuri ltolvebis sublimirebis ganviTarebis doneebs Soris arsebuli mkveTri sxvaoba. idealis Camoyalibeba mes moTxovnilebebis amaRlebas ganapirobebs da gandevnisaTvis yvelaze karg pirobebs qmnis; xolo sublimireba warmoadgens im gamosavals, romlis SemTxvevaSic es moTxovnilebebi SesaZlebelia dakmayofildes yovelgvari gandevnis gareSec. froidis azriT ar iqneboda araferi gasakviri, Tuki SesaZlebeli iqneboda iseTi fsiqikuri instanciis moZieba, romelic Tavisi daniSnulebiT im narcisistuli dakmayofilebis uzrunvelyofas warmoadgenda, romelic me idealidan gamomdinareobs. Tuki msgavsi instancia arsebobs, gasagebia rom SeuZlebelia misi aRmocena; Cven gveZleva aRiarebis SesaZlebloba, rom is rasac Cven sindiss veZaxiT, am instanciis niSanTvisebebis matarebelia. xSirad avadmyofebi Civian, rom yvela maTi azri cnobilia, am instanciis sifxizlis Sesaxeb maT informacias awvdian xmebi, romlebic rac gansakuTrebulad damaxasiaTebelia maT mimarTaven mesame pirSi (exla ki is fiqrobs amis Sesaxev, exla ki is midis). es Civili marTebulia, is warmoaCens viTarebis namdvil mdgomareobas. msgavsi Zala, romelic yvela Cvens wamowyebas Tvalyurs adevnebs da akritikebs, namdvilad arsebobs, igi Cveulia yvela CvenTaganis normaluri cxovrebisaTvisac. TvalTvalis bodva asaxavs am fenomens pirvandel regresiul formaSi, amasTanave warmoaCens mis genezissa da safuZvels, ris gamoc avadmyofi upirispirdeba mas. smeniTi halucinaciebSi xSir SemTxvevaSi aisaxeba mSobelTa kritika da saertod yvela im sazogadoebrivi piris damokidebuleba, romelic individis garemocvaSia. avadmyofobidan gamomdinare xmebis saxiT vlindeba smeniTi halucinaciebi, da amgvari avadmyofuri formiT regresiulad aisaxeba sindisis ganviTarebis istoria. xolo amgvari cenzoruli instanciiT gamowveuli aRSfoTeba warmoiqmneba imis gamo, rom avadmyofis pirovneba miiltvis amgvari gavlenebisagan ganTavisuflebisaken. amgvari kritikuli da dakvirvebiTi moqmedeba, romlis gaZlierebac iwvevs sindisisa da filosofiuri cnobierebis ganviTarebas aseve gansxvavebul sferoebSic SeiniSneba. am sferoebs froidi miakuTvnebs imas, rasac N. Silberer-ma uwoda funqcionaluri fenomeni es aris erTerTi danamati sizmrebis Seswavlisa, romlis faseulobac cnobilia. Silberer-ma daamtkica, rom Zilisa da sifxizles Soris arsebul mdgomareobaSi SesaZlebelia azrebis suraTebad gardasaxvis dakvirveba. magram amgvari pirobebis SemTxvevaSi warmoCindeba ara azrebis Sinaarsi, aramed mdgomareoba (mixriloba daRlilobisaken da a. S.) romelSic imyofeba adamiani. man aseve daamtkica, rom TviTdakvirveba, paranoiduli dakvirvebis bodvis saxiT monawileobas iRebs sizmrebis warmoqmnaSi. 56

Tuki ufro metad CavuRrmavdebiT mes struqturis detalebs, maSin mes idealSi da sindisis dinamiur gamovlinebebSi sizmrebis cenzors amovicnobT. am TvalsazrisiT aucilebelia normalurisa da nevrotikis mdgomareobis sakiTxis ganxilva. mdgomareoba ( ) pirvel rigSi mes moculobis gamoxatulebas warmoadgens (Ichgrosse) miuxedavad imisa Tu risgan Sedgeba is. mes seqsualuri ltolvebis gansxvavebis gacnobierebiT, unda vaRiaroT rom mdgomareoba damokidebulia narcisistul libidoze. am SemTxvevaSi froidi or mniSvnelovan faqts eyrdnoba: parafreniis SemTxvevaSi TviTSegrZneba ( ) amaRlebulia, xolo gadatanis nevrozebis SemTxvevaSi igi dabalia, da rom sasiyvarulo cxovrebaSi im adamians vinc ar uyvarT TviTSegrZneba dabali aqvs, xolo is vinc uyvarT mas maRali. is visac uyvars SesaZlebelia iTqvas moklebulia Tavis narcisizms da SeuZlia misi dabruneba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi Tuki isic eyvareba vinmes. swored aq unda iyos moZiebuli mizezi Tu ratom axdenen nevrotikebi sakuTari naklulovanebis SegrZnebis demonstrirebas aseTi mondomebiT. am grZnobebis namdvil mizezs warmoadgens mes gaubadrukeba romelic gamomdinareobs libidos obieqtebisadmi ganuzomeli mijaWvulobiT mes xarjze, anu mes dazianeba seqsualuri miswrafebis gamo, romelic ar eqvemdebareba kontrols. froidis sityvebiT adlerma sworad aRniSna, rom sakuTari organuli naklulovanebis SegrZneba aRgznebiT zemoqmedebas axdens sulieri cxovrebis qmediTunarianobaze da zekompensaciebis saSualebiT amaRlebul produqtiulobas iwvevs. nevrozebis eTiologiaSi organuli naklulovaneba pirveladi mniSvnelobis mqonea, msgavsad aqtualuri aRqmisa sizmrebis warmoqmnisaTvis. nevrozi mas iyenebs rogorc erTgvar sababs, iseve rogorc sxva Sesabamis momentebsac. TviTSegrZnebis damokidebuleba erotikasTan (libidonozur mijaWvulobebTan da obieqtebTan) SesaZlebelia iyos formulirebuli Semdegnairad: unda moxdes ori SemTxvevis gansxvaveba amarTlebs Tu ara me am sasiyvarulo mijaWvulobebs, Tu piriqiT, maTi gandevna moxda. pirvel SemTxvevaSi (mes mier libidos daxarjvis gamarTlebisas) siyvaruli aris Sefasebuli iseve, rogorc mes nebismieri sxva aqtiuri gamovlineba. libidos gandevnis SemTxvevaSi siyvarulis mijaWvulobebi ganicdebian rogorc mes daundobeli damcireba: sasiyvarulo dakmayofileba SeuZlebelia, mes gamdidreba SesaZlebeli iqneba mxoldo im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki libido CamoSordeba obieqtebs da daubrundeba mes. mes ganviTareba ukavSirdeba narcisizmisagan pirvelad gansvlas da iwvevs intensiur miswrafebas misadmi dabrunebisaken. es CamoSoreba gamomdinareobs libidos gadanacvlebiT garemo faqtorebiT ganpirobebuli mes idealze. amave dros me sakuTa libidonozur mijaWvulobebs gadascems obieqtebs. am mijaWvulobebis gamo is TviTonve ganicdis xelmocarulobas libidosTan mimarTebaSi da meorad gamdidrebas ganicdis obieqtebisagan dakmayofilebis gziT, rac idealis asaxvis gamoisobiT xdeba. me-ideali libidos dakmayofilebas obieqtebze mZime pirobebSi aqcevs, vinaidan sakuTari cenzuris meSveobiT is Tavisi dakmayofilebis zogierTi formisagan Tavisufldeba rogorc dauSvebelisagan. iq sadac msgavsi me-ideali ar aris Camoyalibebuli, Sesabamisi seqsualuri miswrafeba pirovnebis SemadgenlobaSi Sedis perversiis saxiT. Seyvarebuloba warmoadgens me-libidos gamovlinebas obieqtze. am gamovlinebas sakmaod didi Zala aqvs saimisod rom moxdes gandevnis ganadgureba da perversiebis aRdgena. seqsualuri ideali SesaZlebelia Semovides saintereso urTierTobaSi me-idealTan, es aris erTgvari urTierTdaxmarebiTi damokidebuleba. froids Semdegi saxis formula moyavs: uyvarT is, rasac gaaCnia is niSanTvisebebi, romelic aklia mes Tavisi idealis misaRwevad. amgvari daxmarebis movlenas didi mniSvneloba gaaCnia nevrotikisaTvis, romlis mec naklulovani xdeba obieqtisadmi gansakuTrebuli mijaWvulobis gamo da romelsac aRar gaaCnia me-idealis aRdgenis unari. me-idealis meoxebiT froidis azriT masis fsiqologiis gagebisaken mivdivarT. am ideals, individualuris garda, aseve socialuri wilic gaaCnia. is warmoadgens ojaxis, naciisa da sazogadoebis saerTo ideals. 57

am idealis ganxorcielebis warumateblobis Sedegad miRebuli daukmayofilebloba anTavisuflebs homoseqsualur libidos, romelic gardaisaxeba/gadaiqceva sakuTari danaSaulis SegrZnebaSi/gacnobierebaSi (socialuri SiSi).

siamovnebis principis miRma / meore mxares


1 fsiqoanalitikur TeoriaSi yovelgvari yoymanis gareSe aris miRebuli debuleba, romlis Tanaxmad fsiqikuri procesebis denadoba ganicdis avtomatur regulirebas siamovnebis principiT (Lustprinzip), yovel jerze usiamovnebasTan dakavSirebuli daZabulobidan gamomdinare aRgznebisas da SemdgomSi im mimarTulebis mopovebiT, romelic saboloo jamSi am daZabulobas amcirebs, sxva sityvebiT usiamovnebis (Unlust) gaqarwylebiT da siamovnebis (Lust) mopovebiT. amgvari denadobis xasiaTis mqone fsiqologiuri procesebis ganxilvisas, froidi Tvlis rom Tavis saqmianobaSi ekonomikur Tvalsazriss iyenebs. is Tvlis, rom Teoria, romelic topikuri da dinamiuri momentis garda aseve ekonomiursac gulisxmobs, aris yvelaze srulfasovani / daxvewili / srulyofili yvela danarCen Tanamedrove Teoriebs Soris da imsaxurebs metafsiqologiuri Teoriis saxelwodebas. Tumca is aqve aRniSnavs, rom prioriteti da originaluroba ar warmoadgens fsiqoanalitikuri samuSaos mizans. froidi madlieria am filosofiuri an fsiqologiuri Teoriis, romelmac SesaZloa moaxdinos axsna-ganmarteba im imperatiuli xasiaTis, romlis matarebelic aris CvenTvis siamovnebisa da usiamovnebis principi. froidma gadawyvita rom siamovneba da usiamovneba miusadagos raodenobas, romelic arsebobs sulier cxovrebaSi da romelic ar ukavSirdeba raimenairad daZabulobas. usiamovneba Seesabameba am raodenobis matebas, xolo siamovneba klebas. amave dros is ar fiqrobs am SegrZnebaTa siZlieresa da im xarisxobrivi cvlilebebis Soris arsebul urTierTkavSirze (Tumca swored am xarisxobrivi cvlilebebiT aris gamowveuli maTi cvlileba). yvelaze naklebad am SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia pirdapir proporciulobaze fiqri (fsiqofiziologiis monacemebisa miuxedavad). froidi varaudobs, rom am SemTxvevaSi SegrZnebisaTvis gadamwyveti mniSvnelobis mqonea am cvlilebebis didi an mcire xangrZlivoba. froidi Tvlis rom ar unda iyos umniSvnelo is faqti, rom iseTi Rrma mkvlevari, rogoricaa fexneri siamovnebisa da usiamovnebis Teorias arsebiTad fsiqoanalizis msgavsad ganixilavs. mis mier gamoTqmulia Semdegi mosazreba vinaidan nebismieri saxis swrafvebi ukavSirdebian siamovnebasa da usiamovnebas, SesaZlebelia rom siamovneba da usiamovneba fsiqofizikurad davukavSiroT mdgradobisa da aramdgradobis pirobebs, rac SesaZleblobas maZlevs, rom safuZveli Cavuyaro Cems mier erTgan ukve ganviTarebul hipoTezas imasTan dakavSirebiT rom nebismieri fsiqofizikuri moZraoba, romelic cnobierebas scildeba, garkveul doneze siamovnebas ukavSirdeba, rodesac is garkveuli sazRvris gadakveTis Semdgom srul mdgradobas / simyares aRwevs da meores mxriv usaiamovnebas, rodesac aseve garkveuli sazRvris gadakveTisas is simyares kargavs; am ori sazRvris Soris romelTac SesaZlebelia siamovnebisa da usiamovnebis xarisxobrivi zRurbli daerqvas, garkveul wilad mgrZnobelobiTi indiferentulobis sferoa ganTavsebuli... is faqtebi ramac froids misca biZgi fsiqikur cxovrebaSi siamovnebis principis uzenaesobis aRiarebisaTvis, aseve aisaxebian im SesaZleblobaSi romlis Tanaxmadac fsiqikur aparats gaaCnia tendencia SeinarCunos masSi arsebuli aRgznebis raodenoba SeZlebisdagvarad nakleb an myar / stabilur doneze. es daazloebiT igivea rac ukve iTqva, vinaidan Tuki fsiqikuri aparatis qmedeba momarTulia garkveuli raodenobis aRgznebis dabal doneze SenarCunebisaTvis. es 58

niSnavs imas, rom Tuki fsiqikuri aparatis moqmedeba momarTulia aRgznebis raodenobis Sekavebaze garkveul doneze, maSin yvelaferi rac ki daZabulobis matebas uwyobs xels, unda iyos ganxiluli rogorc organizmis normaluri funqciebis darRveva, rogorc usiamovneba. siamovnebis principi konstantobis principidan gamoiyvaneba (Konstanzprinzip). Tumca froidi uaryofs rom siamovnebis principi fsiqikuri procesebis mimdinareobas marTavs. ase rom yofiliyo fsiqikuri procesebis umravlesobis Tanmxlebi an damagvirgvinebeli siamovneba unda yofiliyo. am SemTxvevaSi fexneri aRniSnavs rom miznisaken swrafva, jer kidev ar niSnavs mis miRwevas, da saerTod mizani miRwevadia mxolod miaxlovebisas... siamovnebis principis Sekavebis pirveli kanonzomieri SemTxveva cnobilia. Cven viciT, rom siamovnebis principi fsiqikuri aparatis pirveladi moqmedebisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli da rom gare samyaros sirTuleebisagan TviTgadarCenisas is ar aris vargisiani organizmisaTvis da garkveulwilad saSiSic ki aris. organizmis swrafvisas TviTgadarCenisaken es principi Cainacvleba realobis principiT, romelic saboloo miznis daviwyebis gareSe raSic siamovnebis miReba igulisxmeba, dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobebs droebiT gadadebs da ganicdis usiamovnebas siamovnebis miRebisaken mimaval gzaze. Tumca froidi aRniSnavs, rom siamovnebis principi did xans ikavebs uzenaess adgils Znelad aRsazrdeli seqsualuri ltolvebis sferoSi, da xSir SemTxvevaSi am ltolvaTa sferoSi, an Tundac meSi, is imarjvebs realobis principze organizmisaTvis saziano SemTxvevaSic ki. kidev erTi, aseve kanonzomieri usiamovnebis wyaro, mdgomareobs fsiqikuri aparatis konfliqtebsa da gaxeTqvaSi, maSin rodesac me viTardeba organizaciis ufro rTul formebSi. TiTqmis mTeli energia, romelic avsebs am aparats aRmocendeba masSi myofi ltolvebidan gamomdinare, magram yvela es ltolva ar aRwevs ganviTarebis msgavs fazebs. aseve xdeba ise, rom calkeuli ltolvebi da maTi komponentebi ar arian erTmaneTis Sesatyvisi Tavisi miznebisa da moTxovnebidan gamomdinare da ver erTiandebian meSi. gandevnis procesis Tanaxmad isini gamoiyofian am erTianobidan (mes erTianobidan), Sekavebuli arian fsiqikuri ganviTarebis umdables safexurebze da droebiT kargaven dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobas. Tuki maT eZlevaT SesaZlebloba gandevnili seqsualuri ltolvebis daxmarebiT miaRwion pirdapir dakmayofilebas an mis Canacvlebas, maSin es dakmayofileba romelic saerTod SesaZlebelia rom yofiliyo siamovnebis tolfasi, mes mier ganicdeba rogorc usiamovneba. am procesis detalebi jer kidev ar aris gacnobierebuli da gagebuli bolomde, magram ueWvelia, rom nebismieri saxis nevrotuli usiamovneba, garkveuli saxis siamovneba aris, romelic SeuZlebelia iyos aRqmuli. 2 didi xania aRwerilia is mdgomareoba romelic travmatuli nevrozis saxeliT aris cnobili. es aris mZime meqanikuri Seryevis Semdgomi mdgomareoba, iseTi Seryevebis romelic xdeba matarebelTa da sxva ubeduri SemTxvevebisas, romelic saSiSia sicocxlisaTvis. omi amgvari SemTxvevebis aRmocenebisaTvis xelsayreli aRmoCnda, is uamravi msgavsi daavadebis warmoqmnis mizezad iqca da misi meoxebiT warsuls Cabarda am daavadebis mizezad mxolod nervuli sistemis organuli dazianebebis miCneva. froidi aRniSnavs, rom samxedro da aseve travmatuli nevrozebis Seswavla jer kidev ar aris amowuruli. froidis azriT dafrTxoba (Schreck), raimes SiSi (Angst), sifrTxile / ufrTxode raimes (Furcht), ara sworad aris gamoyenebuli rogorc sinonimebi. froidi ganasxvavebs am sam termins maT mimarTebaSi saSiSroebasTan. SiSi aRniSnavs saSiSroebis molodinis garkveul mdgomareobas da misdami mzaobas aseve, maSinac 59

ki rodesac mis Sesaxeb araferia cnobili. rodesac ufrTxi raimes es gulisxmobs garkveul / gansazRvrul obieqts, romlisac eSiniaT. dafrTxoba ki gulismobs iseT mdgomareobas, romelic aRmocendeba saSiSroebisas, maSin rodesac subieqti ar aris misdami mzadyofnaSi, is moulodnelobis moments usvams xazs. froidi ar Tvlis rom SiSs SeuZlia travmatuli nevrozis gamowveva; SiSi gulisxmobs raRacas, rac icavs SeSinebisagan / dafrTxobisagan da aqedan gamomdinare icavs bevrozisaganac, romelic TviT SiSisagan gamomdinareobs. froidi Tvlis rom sizmris Seswavla unda iyos ganxiluli rogorc fsiqikuri procesebis yvelaze siRrmiseuli kvlevis xerxi. travmatuli nevroziT daavadebuli avadmyofis mdgomareoba Zilisas, aRiniSneba im saintereso maxasiaTebliT, romelic ganapirobebs avamdyofis dabrunebas katastrofis situaciaSi, romelmac gamoiwvia es daavadeba, amitomac avadmyofi axleburad SeSinebuli iRviZebs. avadmyofi TiTqos da fsiqikurad fiqsirebulia sakuTar travmaze. amgvari fiqsireba gancdebze ukve cnobilia isteriis SemTxvevebSic. breierma da froidma Semdegi saxis debuleba wamoayenes 1893 wels: isterikebi umeteswilad mogonebebisagan itanjebian. froidi Tvlis, rom Tuki ar gvinda, rom travmatuli nevrotikebis sizmrebma gaugebrobaSi Segviyvanon sizmris survilis asrulebis tendenciidan gamomdinare, unda davaskvnaT rom am mdgomareobaSi sizmris funqcia iseve aris darRveuli da gadaxrili sakuTari miznebisagan rogorc yvelaferi sxvac, an Tuki amas ar daveTanxmebiT mes idumal mazohistur tendenciebze unda vifiqroT. froidi fsiqikuri aparatis qmedebis yvelaze adreul formebs ganixilavs da magaliTisaTvis bavSvebis TamaSs iRebs. froidi ganixilavs bavSvs romelTanac garkveuli drois ganamavlobaSi mezoblad cxovrobda da akvirdeboda. es bavSvi ar iyo winwasuli inteleqtualuri TvalsazrisiT, Tumca wlinaxevris asakSi ukve ramodenime sityvas iZaxda rac garSemomyofTaTvis gasagebi iyo. es iyo Zalian wesieri bavSvi, is morCilad asrulebda yvela moTxovnas, ar kidebda xels zogierT raimes ar dadioda iq sadac ar iyo saWiro da rodesac deda mas rovebda garkveuli drois ganmavlobaSi is ar xmaurobda. is Zalian mijaWvuli iyo sakuTar dedaze, romelic mas kargad uvlida. am bavSvs qonda Cvevad gadaesrola yvela sagani sadRac Sors, iseT adgilebSi romelic miuwvdomeli iyo mSoblebisaTvis da rac sakmaod arTulebda dalagebis process. amave dros is sakmaod didi interesiTa da kmayofilebiT gamoTqvamda oooooooo!, romelic dedis da aseve damkvirveblis azriTac ara mxolod Sorisdebuls aramed aseve sityva ar miekaroT!-s aRniSnavda. froidma erTxel ganaxorciela dakvirveba ramac daadastura es mosazreba. bavSvma gadaisrola xis saTamaSo Tavisi loginidan (Tumca Toki xelSi daitova) da mas aRmoxda is oooo! Semdeg ki man moqaCa Toks da amoaZvrina saTamaSo loginis qvevidan da am SemTxvevaSi man warmoTqva aq. es iyo dasrulebuli TamaSi, jer gauCinareba xolo Semdeg ki gamoCena, romlis drosac metwilad pirveli aqti iyo SesamCnevi gauCinareba, Tumca ufro meti kmayofileba meores moqonda. am SemTxvevaSi TamaSis gansazRvra ukve aRar warmoadgenda sirTules. gamomdinare iqidan rom bavSvs deda tovebda is aRar ewinaaRmdegeboda am faqts. am uaryofas is anacvlebda imiT, rom sakuTar gankargulebaSi myofi sagnebis msgavsi tipis gauCinarebasa da Semdeg gamoCenas axdenda, iseve rogorc scenaze. bavSvi erTgvar kulturul samuSaos atarebda sakuTar TavTan. froidi axdens uemocio ganxilvasa da interpretirebas am SemTxvevisa da aRniSnavs, rom bavSvi aqamde iyo pasiuri, is gaognebuli iyo gancdiliT da exla ukve sakuTar Tavs aqtiur rolSi ayenebs da imeorebs am gancdas miuxedavad imisa, rom is misTvis mtkivneulia. es ltolva SesaZlebelia flobis survilTan iyos gaigivebuli. magram froidi Tvlis rom aseve sxva saxis axsnac aris SesaZlebeli. sagnis gadagdeba ise rom is arc Cans SesaZlebelia aRniSnavdes bavSvis samagieros mizRvevas dedisadmi da SesaZlebelia mas daumorCileblobis mniSvneloba qondes 60

diax, wadi aRar mWirdebi da me TviTonve gagzavni. igive bavSvi rodesac froidi mogvianebiT akvirdeboda mas, Tavis saTamaSos iatakze anarxebda xolme da dasZenda wadi saomrad!. froidi aRniSnavs erT mniSvnelovan moments, maSin rodesac bavSvi gancdis pasiurobidan aqtiurobaSi gadainacvlebs, mas is usiamovno SegrZneba gadaaqvs mis megobarze (TanamoTamaSeze) da amgvarad is samagieros uxdis mas, visac Caanacvlebs TanamoTamaSe. 3 froidi aRniSnavs, rom Tavdapirvelad fsiqoanalizi warmoadgenda axsnaganmartebis xelovnebas. vinaidan Terapiuli amocanis gadawyvetisaTvis es ar aRmoCnda sakmarisi, male axali swrafva aRmocenda avadmyofis iZuleba rom daamtkicos fsiqoanalitikosis debulebebi Tavisi mogonebebiT. am SemTxvevaSi umeteswilad yuradReba eniWeboda avadmyofis winaaRmdegobas: amjerad ki ostatoba mdgomareobda imaSi, rom avadmyofisaTvis miTiTeba miecaT da megobruli zemoqmedebis meSveobiT ebiZgaT mietovebina es winaaRmdegoba. magram gandevnilis gaxsenebis procesi ar aris advili, am SemTxvevaSi avadmyofi ufro metad midrekilia xelaxla ganicados gandevnili, vidre gaixsenos misi arsebobis Sesaxeb rac eqimis mizans warmoadgens. es xelaxali gaxseneba (Reproduktion), romelic sizustiTa da sisworiT gamoirCeva, Sinaarsis mxriv ukavSirdeba infantilur seqsualur cxovrebas, oidiposis kompleqss an mis modifikaciebs, da kanonzomierad aisaxeba gadatanis sferoSi, anu eqimisadmi damokidebulebaSi. am SemTxvevaSi SesaZlebelia iTqvas, rom adreuli nevrozi, mxolod da mxolod axali gadatanis nevroziT iqna Canacvlebuli. damokidebuleba romelic yalibdeba mogonebebsa da reproduqcias Soris TiToeuli SemTxvevisas gansxvavebulia. rogorc wesi eqimi ver daaRwevs Tavs mkurnalobis am fazas. man unda aiZulos avadmyofi isev ganicados daviwyebuli cxovrebis nawili da unda Tvalyuri adevnos imas, rom iyos SenarCunebuli is komponenti, romelic warmosaxul realobas mxolod warsuli gancdis anareklad aqcevs. Tuki es miiRweva, maSin avadmyofis saWiro darwmunebulobac miRweulia da aqedan gamomdinare masze damokidebuli Terapiuli efeqtic. froidi Tvlis, rom amgvari Tavsmoxveuli ganmeorebisagan Tavis daRwevis mizniT, romelic SeimCneva nevrotikebis fsiqoanalitikuri mkurnalobisas, pirvel rigSi aucilebelia ganTavisufleba im mcdari mosazrebisagan romlis Tanaxmad Tuki winaaRmdegobasTan gaqvs saqme maSin es aucileblad aracnobieris winaaRmdegobas exeba. aracnobieri anu gandevnili, ar ewinaaRmdegeba eqimis Zalisxmevas, is TviTon miiswrafvis cnobierebaSi SeWrisaken, an realuri qcevis saxiT gamovlenisaken. winaaRmdegoba gamomdinareobs fsiqikis swored imave uzenaesi doneebidan da sistemebidan, romelTac Tavis droze gandevna ganapirobes. froidi Tvlis rom bevri ram meSi, TviT mes birTvic ki aris aracnobieri. mes mxolod da mxolod umniSvnelo nawils SeiZleba vuwodoT winarecnobieri. froidi amtkicebs, rom cnobierisa da winarecnobieri mes winaaRmdegoba siamovnebis principis samsaxurSia, mas usiamovnebisagan Tavis daRwevis survili aqvs, romelic aRmocendeba gandevnilis gamovlinebis SemTxvevaSi warmoiqmneba da Cveni Zalisxmeva mdgomareobs imaSi, rom realobis principis Tanaxmad arsebul usiamovnebasTan Seguebas mivaRwioT. am SemTxvevaSi axali da gasaocari faqtia is, rom Tavsmoxveuli ganmeoreba aseve warsulidan im gancdebis reproduqciasac axdens, romelTac ar gaaCniaT siamovnebis SesaZlebloba. es yvelaferi infantiluri seqsualobis adreuli momwifebis winaswar ganpirobebul daRupvasTan aris kavSirSi da swored mis asaxvas warmoadgens. am SemTxvevaSi es aisaxeba nevrotikebis arasrulfasovnebis 61

SegrZnebaSi. seqsualuri gamokvleva romelic iyo Semofargluli bavSvis fizikuri ganviTarebiT, ar aris damakmayofilebeli Sedegebis mqone; aqedan gamomdinarea Civilebic: verafers ver vakeTeb, araferi ar gamomdis. froidi xazs usvams Tavsmoxveuli ganmeorebis tendencias, romelic fsiqikuri cxovrebis Semadgenel nawils warmoadgens, is Tvlis rom fsiqikur cxovrebaSi amgvari ganmeorebebis tendencia namdvilad arsebobs, romelic scildeba siamovnebis principis farglebs, da am SemTxvevaSi is Tvlis rom travmirebuli nevrotikebis sizmrebi da bavSvuri TamaSebic am mxriv am tendenciis asaxvas warmoadgenen. froids ukve moxseniebuli qonda, Tu ra axsna SeiZleba qondes bavSvuri TamaSis aRmocenebas. ganmeorebisadmi ltolva da pirdapiri siamovnebis momtani ltolvebis dakmayofileba am SemTxvevaSi Sinagan kavSirSi erTiandebian. froidi svams kiTxvas: Tuki fsiqikur cxovrebaSi arsebobs msgavsi Tavsmoxveuli ganmeoreba, maSin romel funqcias Seesabameba is, ra pirobebSi SeiZleba is gamovlindes da rogor ukavSirdeba is siamovnebis princips, romelsac aqamde fsiqikuri cxovrebis procesebis mimdinareobis aRgznebas swored mas mivawerT. 4 amjerad froidi ukve mimarTavs spekulacias. fsiqoanalitikuri spekulacia ukavSirdeba faqts, romelic miiReba aracnobieri procesebis kvlevisas, da mdgomareobs imaSi, rom cnobiereba ar warmoadgens fsiqikuri procesebis aucilebel niSanTvisebas, aramed maT gansakuTrebul funqcias warmoadgens. metafsiqologiurad rom gamovxatoT, cnobiereba warmoadgens calkeuli sistemis muSaobas, romelsac SeiZleba vuwodoT Bw. vinaidan cnobiereba aris ZiriTadad Cvens mier gaRizianebebis aRqma, romelnic gare samyarodan modian da aseve siamovnebisa da usiamovnebis SegrZnebaTa aRqmac, romelnic fsiqikuri aparatis mxolod da mxolod Signidan SesaZlebelia iyos aRqmuli, es aris W Bw sistema, sivrceSi ganlagebis mxriv. froidi Tvlis, rom cnobiereba ar aris erTaderTi Tviseba romelic am sistemaSi mimdinare procesebisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli. is eyrdnoba fsiqoanalizis monacemebs, da axdens daSvebas, rom aRgznebis procesebi sxva saxis sistemebSi xangrZliv kvals toveben, anu im mogonebaTa kvals, romelic ar ukavSirdebian cnobierebas. magram rTulia varaudi rom amgvari aRgznebis xangrZlivi kvali W Bw sistemaSi rCeba, is garkveuli drois Semdeg SezRudavda am sistemis SesaZleblobas axali aRgznebis aRqmisaTvis. SesaZlebelia iTqvas rom Bw sistemaSi, aRgznebis procesi cnobierad mimdinreobs, magram ar tovebs aranair xangrZliv kvals; im procesis yvela kvali, romelzec aris dafuZnebuli mogoneba, aRgznebis gavrcelebisas gadatanilia uaxloes Sinagan sistemebze. aqedan gamomdinare Bw sistema gamoirCeva imiT, rom aRgznebis procesi ar tovebs masSi elementebis xangrZliv cvlilebas, sxva fsiqikuri sistemebisagan gansxvavebiT, magram TiTqos da cnobierebaSi gamonaTebisaken miyavs. amgvari gadaxra SesaZlebelia iyos ganmartebuli mxolod erTi momentiT, is rom Bw sistema garegania da is uSualod aris SexebaSi gare samyarosTan. froids moyavs magaliTi am sistemis ukeTesi axsnisaTvis. warmovidginoT cocxali organizmi yvelaze martivi formiT, gamRizianebeli substanciis aradiferencirebuli buStis saxiT; maSin misi zedapiri, romelic momarTulia garemosken aris diferencirebuli Tavisi ganlagebis Tanaxmad da warmoadgens organos romelic aRiqvams gaRizianebas. embriologia rogorc filogenezis ganmeoreba adasturebs, rom centraluri nervuli sistema warmoqmneba eqtodermisagan da rom tvinis nacrisferi qerqi primitiuli garegani zedapiris STamomavals warmoadgens, romelic gadaiRebs mis arsebiT Tvisebebs. savsebiT SesaZlebelia, rom garegani gaRizianebebis buStis zedapirze zewolidan 62

gamomdinare misi substancia cvlilebas ganicdis, aqedan gamomdinare gaRizianebis procesi gansxvavebuli saxiT mimdinareobs zedapirze siRrmiseul fenebTan SedarebiT. aqedan gamomdinare yalibdeba iseTi qerqi, romelic imdenad aris ukve ganmsWvaluli am gaRizianebebiT, rom maTi aRqmisaTvis saukeTeso pirobebs qmnis da misi momdevno saxecvlileba SeuZlebelia. rac Seexeba cocxal buStsa da mis qerqul fenovan zedapirs, romelic aRiqvams gaRizianebas, aRsaniSnavia, rom cocxali materiis es nawili moZraobs garegan samyaroSi romelic damuxtulia udidesi Zalis energiiT da am buSts rom ar qondes dacvis maragi (Reisschutz), is daiRupeboda am gaRizianebebis zemoqmedebiT. cocxali organizmisaTvis amgvari ripis dacva ufro did amocanas warmoadgens, vidre am gaRizianebebis aRqma, is unda icavdes sakuTar Sinagan energias garegani energiis damangreveli zemoqmedebisagan, romelic siZlieriT aRemateba mis sakuTar energias. maRal ganviTarebuli organizmebis SemTxvevaSi es buSti moTavsebulia organizmis siRrmeSi da mxolod qerqis nawili aris datovebuli zedapirze. swored es warmoadgens SegrZnebis organoebs, rasac froidi sacecebs adarebs, romlebic garegan samyaros aRiqvamen. froidma daadgina rom aracnobieri sulieri movlenebi TavisTavad drois farglebs gareT arian. es negatiuri Tviseba SesaZlebelia iyos gagebuli mxolod da mxolod cnobier fsiqikur procesebTan SedarebiT. Cvens mier drois abstraqtuli aRqma gamonaklisis saxiT unda iyos damokidebuli W Bw sistemis muSaobis Tvisebaze da unda Seesabamebodes am ukanasknelis TviTaRqmas.

sasiyvarulo cxovrebis damcirebis Sesaxeb


1 fsiqoanalitikoss Tavisuflad SeuZlia aRiaros rom yvelaze xSirad mas mimarTaven fsiqikuri impotencies problemiT. es ucnauri daavadeba emarTebaT mamakacebs, romelTa sasqeso organo qmediTunariania sqesobriv aqtamde da mis Semdegac, magram Tavisi specialuri funqciebis Sesrulebas ver axerxebs, da am dros sqesobrivi aqtis Sesrulebis unaric gaaCnia. pirveli daskvna romelic gamoaqvs am SemTxvevaSi mamakacs, rom msgavsi ram mas emarTeba mxolod erTeul SemTxvevaSi romelime qalTan mimarTebaSi, xolo danarCenebTan yvelaferi rigzea. is iZens darwmunebulobas, rom misi mamakacuri potencies Seyovnebas ganapirobebs seqsualuri obieqtis gansakuTrebuli niSanTvisebebi. am semTxvevaSi avadmyofi saubrobs garkveuli saxis winaaRmdegobaze, romelic masSi arsebobs da romelic xels uSlis misi cnobieri ganzraxvis ganxorcielebas. magram is ver xvdeba Tu raSi mdgomareobs es winaaRmdegoba da dabrkoleba da obieqtis romeli niSanTviseba iwvevs mis amoqmedebas. fsiqoanalirikosebis mravali kvlevis Sedegad gamotanili daskvnebi Semdegi saxisaa: upirveles yovlisa, am paTogenuri masalis zogad Sinaarss warmoadgens libidos incestuozuri fiqsacia dedaze da daze. aseve yuradsaRebia iseTi mtanjveli seqsualuri STabeWdilebebis gaTvaliswinebac, romelic ukavSirdeba bavSvur seqsualur gamovlinebebs da saertod yvela momenti romelic libidos daqveiTebis gamomwvevia, romelic unda iyos mimarTuli qalze, rogorc seqsualur obieqtze. am SemTxvevaSi erT-erTi mizezia is, rom ar moxda im ori nakadis SeerTeba, romelic normaluri sasiyvarulo cxovrebis ganmsazRvrelia, es ori nakadia sinazisa da mgrZnobelobis. ufro adreuli aris sinazis nakadi. is adreuli wlebidanve iwyebs amoqmedebas. is dafuZnebulia gadarCenis instinqtis interesebze da mimarTulia ojaxis wevrebsa da im pirebze, vinc bavSvis movliT aris dakavebuli. is Seesabameba obieqtis bavSvur arCevans. aqedan Cans rom sqesobrivi ltolvebi pouloben Tavis pirvelad obieqtebs im Sefasebidan gamomdinare romelsac iZleva me, swored ise rogorc seqsualuri dakmayofileba xorcieldeba im funqciebTan dakavSirebiT, romelic coxvrebis SenarCunebisaTvis aris saWiro. mSoblebisa da aRmzrdelebis sinaze romelic gamoirCeva erotiulobiT, biZgs aZlevs ltolvis fiqsaciis obieqtebisadmi erotikis matebas. bavSvis nazi fiqsaciebi mTeli bavSvobis ganmavlobaSi aris SenarCunebuli, mas uerTdeb kidev sxva erotiuli gancdebic da aqedan gamomdinare erotika veRar aris mimarTuli Tavisi sqesobrivi miznebisaken. sqesobrivi momwifebis periodSi (Pubertat) naz fiqsaciebs emateba kidev 63

grZnobiTi nakadic, romelic Tavis miznebs acnobierebs. vinaidan xdeba misi swrafvebis Setakeba sisxlisaRrevis SezRudvebTan es nakadi iswrafvis rac SeiZleba Cqara gadavides Sesabamis obieqtze, romelic ucxoa, da romelTanac iqneboda SesaZlebeli namdvili sqesobrivi aqtis damyareba. grZnobiTi Seyvarebulobis umaRlesi done dakavSirebulia umaRles fsiqikur SefasebasTan (mamakacis mier sqesobrivi obieqtis normaluri gadafaseba). am procesis warumateblobis SemTxvevaSi udidesi mniSvneloba eniWeba libidos or moments. upirveles yovlisa, realuri akrZalvis done, romelic ar uSvebs axali obieqtis arCevans da individisaTvis mis gaufasurebas axdens. meore aris mimzidvelobis done, romelic SesaZlebelia gaaCndeT infantilur obieqtebs da romlebsac umjobesia Tavi daaRwio; is erotiuli fiqsaciis proporcionaluria, romelic mas eniWeboda bavSvobaSi. Tuki es ori faqtori sakmaod Zlieria, amoqmedebas iwyebs nevrozebis warmoqmna. libido realobas wydeba, Seipyroba fantaziis moqmedebiT, aZlierebs pirveli bavSvuri obieqtebis magaliTebs da fiqsirdeba maTze. viTareba ar icvleba maSinac ki rodesac realobaSi warumatebeli procesi fantaziaSi xorcieldeba. ubralod xdeba pirvandeli obieqtis Canacvleba ucxoTi. nakadebis Serwymis warumatebloba warmoqmnis SezRudvas obieqtis arCevanSi. rodesac aqtiuri rCeba grZnobiTi nakadi, is eZebs mxolod iseT obieqtebs, romelic ar axsenebs individs akrZalul incestuozur pirebs. amgvari tipis adamianebis sasiyvarulo cxovreba gaorebulia, is poulobs Tavis gamovlinebas xelovnebaSi, rogorc ciuri da miwieri (cxoveli) siyvaruli. rodesac maT uyvarT ar surT floba, xolo rodesac surT, maSin ar ZaluZT siyvaruli. amgvari darRvevis sawinaaRmdego mTavar xerxs warmoadgens sqesobrivi obieqtis fsiqikuri damcireba, xolo gadafaseba am SemTxvevaSi (romelic normalur SemTxvevaSi sqesobriv obieqtzea mimarTuli) Semoinaxeba incestuozuri obieqtisaTvis. is pirovnebebs romelTa sinazisa da grZnobiTi nakadebi ar aris Serwymuli, ar gaaCniaT sakmarisi sinatifis sasiyvarulo grZnoba; maT gaaCniaT sqesobrivi aranormalurobebi, romelTa daukmayofilebloba iwvevs maTSi siamovnebis daqveiTebas, xolo dakmayofileba SesaZlebelia mxolod damcirebulebTan, mcire Sefasebis mqone sqesobriv obieqtebTan. 2 garda zemoT CamoTvlilisa froidi Tvlis rom saWiroa fsiqikuri impotencies ufro zogadi mimoxilva. is gamoyofs im tipis mamakacebs vinc fsiqasTenikebis kategorias ganekuTvneba, romelTac sqesobrivi aqti warmatebuli aqvT, magram sakmaris siamovnebas ar aniWebT. amgvari anesTetiuri tipis mamakacebis analogias warmoadgenen frigiduli qalebi, romlebic TavisTavad fsiqikuri impotenciasTan axlos dganan. froidi aRniSnavs rom sinazisa da grZnobiTi nakadebi mxolod inteleqtualuri mamakacebis mcire raodenobas aqvs kargad Serwymuli. Tavis srul potencias igi avlens mxolod mdabio obieqtTan. amgvari garemoeba aseve xasiaTdeba imiT, rom mamakaci ar avlens garyvnilobis im komponentebs romlebic mis sqesobriv ltolvas miekuTvneba, is ver bedavs maT ganxorcielebas im qalTan, romelic pativiscemis Rirsia. SesaZloa rom maRali klasis warmomadgeneli mamakacebis midrekileba SearCion sayvareli an kanonieri meuRle mdabio qalebis warmomadgenlebs Soris, swored ganpirobebulia damcirebuli sqesobrivi obieqtis moTxovnilebiT, romelsac fsiqologiurad ukavSirdeba sruli dakmayofilebis SesaZlebloba. froidi Tvlis, rom SesaZloa es paradoqsalurad JRers, magram is visac surs sasiyvarulo cxovrebaSi iyos Tavisufali da bednieri, man unda daZlios pativiscema qalisadmi da Seurigdes sisxlaRrevis warmodgenas dedasTan da dasTan. qalis SemTxvevaSi sqesobrivi obieqtis damcirebis moTxovnileba Zalian mcirea; amas ukavSirdeba is garemoebac, rom qals ar gaaCnia mamakacis msgavsi sqesobrivi gadafaseba. froidi Tvlis rom sasiyvarulo cxovrebis akrZalvas qalisaTvis iseTive mniSvneloba aqvs rogoric mamakacisaTvis sqesobrivi obieqtis damcirebas. orive movlena warmoadgens sqesobrivi cxovrebis dawyebis xangrZlivi droiT gadadebas sqesobrivi simwifis Semdeg, rasac moiTxovs aRzrda kulturuli miznebidan gamomdinare. 3 64

froidi yuradRebas amaxvilebs ara obieqtebze aramed ltolvebze. is aRniSnavs, rom SeuzRudavi sqesobrivi Tavisuflebac ar iwvevs sasurvel Sedegebs. imisaTvis rom moxdes libidos aRgznebis mateba, aucilebelia winaaRmdegobis momatebac. froids moyavs antikuri xnis magaliTi, rodesac SezRudva sasiyvarulo cxovrebas ar gaaCnda. siyvaruli gaufasurebuli iyo, cxovreba ki carieli. saWiro iyo mZlavri reaqtiuli warmonaqmnebi rom Semqmniliyo afeqturi Rirebulebebi. qristianulma akrZalvebma siyvaruls fsiqikuri Rirebuleba mianiWa, rac ver mianiWa mas warmarTulma kulturam. zogadad sworia, rom ltolvis fsiqikuri mniSvneloba maRldeba misi dakmayofilebis uaryofiT. am SemTxvevaSi froidi am winaaRmdegobi or moments gamoyofs: pirveli aris is, rom obieqtis SerCevis ormagi mcdelobidan gamomdinare, incestuozuri akrZalvis Sualeduri gamovlinebiT, sqesobrivi ltolvis saboloo obieqti arasodes ar Seesabameba pirvels, aramed warmoadgens mis surogats. surogati zogadad es aris adamiani, romelic iRebs sxvis funqcias da rols. meore froidi amtkicebs, rom sqesobrivi ltolva mraval komponents Seicavs SeuZlebelia yvela iyos Sesuli mis gviandel warmonaqmnSi saWiroa maTi daTrgunva an gansxvavebuli saxiT gamoyeneba. (sadisturi midrekilebani da a. S.) ZiriTadi procesebi, romlebic sasiyvarulo aRgznebas iwveven xelSeuxebeli rCebian. eqskrementaluri Zalian mWidrod aris dakavSirebuli seqsualurTan. swored aq froidi ixsenebs napoleonis droul gamoTqmas anatomia bedisweras ganagebs. genitaliebs ar ganuxorcielebiaT ganviTareba esTetiuri srulyofis mxriv, isini isev cxoveluri sawyisis mqone arian, aqedan gamomdinare siyvarulic Tavis safuZvelSi cxoveluria, rogoric is iyo dasabamidanve.

oidiposis kompleqsis daRupva


oidiposis kompleqsis mniSvneloba, rogorc adreuli bavSvobisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli seqsualuri periodis centraluri fenomenisa, kidev ufro metad ikveTeba. momdevno safexurze igi iRupeba, gandevnas eqvemdebareba, xolo Semdeg latenturi periodi iwyeba. magram jer kidev ar aris cnobili risgan iRupeba is; analizebi TiTqos miuTiTebs rom es mtkivneuli imedgacruebis Sedegad xdeba. oidiposis kompleqsi iRupeba misi arsebobis SeuZleblobis gamo. gansxvavebuli Sexedulebis Tanaxmad, oidiposis kompleqsi unda daiRupos maSin, rodesac misi ngrevis dro dadgeba, msgavsad imisa, rogorc xdeba sarZeve kbilebis gamocvla. miuxedavad imisa, rom oidiposis komleqsi individualurad ganicdeba mravali adamianis mier, is STamomavlobiTac ganpirobebulia, mis mier Tandayolili fenomeniT, romelic ganviTarebis kanonis mixedviT unda gaqres, uaxloesi winaswar ganpirobebuli ganviTarebis fazes dadgomisTanave. Cven ukve ganvixileT is sakiTxi, romelic exeva bavSvis ganviTarebas progresirebas im fazis CaTvliT romelSiac genitaliebi wamyvan rols iZenen. magram es genitaliebi mxolod mamakacuria penisi, qaluri genitaliebi gauxsneli rCeba. falosuri faza, romelic amave dros oidiposis kompleqsis fazasac warmoadgens, ar viTardeba ufro saboloo genitaliur organizaciaSi; is neldeba/qreba da mas latenturi periodi enacvleba. misi dasasruli tipiuria da ZiriTadad regularulad ganmeorebad movlenebs emyareba. Tuki biWi dainteresda sakuTari genitaliebiT, is amas amJRavnebs mravaljeradi manipulaciebis saxiT, ris Semdgom is igebs, rom zrdasrulebisaTvis miuRebelia misi qmedeba. metnaklebad garkveviT da uxeSad gamoiTqmeva muqara rom mas CamoaSoreben am Rirebul nawils. umeteswilad kastraciis muqara miiReba qalebis mxridan, xSir SemTxvevaSi isini cdiloben TavianTi avtoritetis gaZlierebas mamis an eqimis moxseniebiT, romelic am davalebas maTi ganacxadis Semdeg ganaxorcielebs. xSir SemTxvevaSi bavSvi eqvemdebareba kastraciis muqaras ara imitom, rom eTamaSeba xeliT Tavis peniss, aramed imis gamo, rom yovelRame is asvelebs Tavis logins da mouwesrigeblad iqceva. aRmzrdelebi iqcevian ise, TiTqos da SardSeukavebloba ukavSirdebodes da adasturebdes penisis gulmodgine manilupirebas, raSic isini marTlebi arian. yovel SemTxvevaSi grZelvadiani SardSeukavebloba Ramis ganmavlobaSi zrdasrulis poluciis Sesabamisia da swored im genitaliuri aRgznebis gamomxatvelia, romelic bavSvs aiZulebs masturbacias. 65

bavSvis falosuri genitaluri organizacia iRupeba kastraciis muqarisagan. fsiqoanalizma axali Rirebuleba mianiWa ormagi mniSvnelobis movlenebs, romelic yvela bavSvisaTvis gardauvalia da ramac unda Seamzados igi sxeulis Rirebuli nawilebis danakargisaTvis; es aris ZuZusagan Tavdapirvelad droebiTi xolo SemdgomSi samudamo gadaCveva da defekaciis yoveldRiuri aqti. Tumca SeuZlebelia am movlenebis dakavSireba kastraciis SiSis gaCenasTan. mxolod is axali dakvirveba, romelic iqneba ganxorcielebuli bavSvi iTvaliswinebs kastraciis faqtis SesaZleblobas, magram es procesi sakmaod gawelilia. es dakvirveba romelic angrevs bavSvis urwmunobas aris qaluri genitaliebi. penisis arsebobiT amayi biWi erTxelac naxulobs gogos genitaliur midamos da rwmundeba penisis ar arsebobaSi mis msgavs arsebasTan. aqedan gamomdinare misTvis ukve SesaZlebelia sakuTari penisis dakargvis SesaZleblobac; kastraciis muqara dagvianebul zemoqmedebas iZens. mSobeli ar unda miemsgavsos aRmzrdels romelic kastraciiT emuqreba bavSvs, romlis seqsualuri cxovreba am periodSi ar amoiwureba mxolod masturbaciiT. SesaZlebelia damtkicdes rom mSoblebis mimarT mas oidiposis ganwyoba gaaCnia; masturbacia am kompleqsTan dakavSirebuli seqsualuri aRgznebis mxolod genitalur reagirebas warmoadgens. oidiposis kompleqsi bavSvs dakmayofilebis orgvar SesaZleblobas sTavazobs, aqtiursa da pasiurs. mas SeuZlia mSobels Caanacvlos Tavi. magram Tu raSi mdgomareobs damakmayofilebeli sasiyvarulo urTierToba amis Sesaxeb bavSvs sruliad gaurkveveli warmodgenebi gaaCnia; magram ra Tqma unda penisi am SemTxvevaSi garkveul rols iZens, vinaidan amis Sesaxeb dasturs iZleva misi organuli SegrZnebebi. varaudi imis Sesaxeb rom qali SesaZlebelia iyos kastrirebuli, sabolood wertils usvams oidiposis kompleqsidan gamomdinare dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobebs. yalibdeba sxeulis am nawilisa da mSoblis mimarT libidonozuri mijaWvulobis konfliqti. am kofliqtisas normalur SemTxvevaSi imarjvebs pirveli Zala: bavSvis me uaryofs oidiposis kompleqss. obieqturi mijaWvulobebis uaryofa xdeba, rac identifikaciiT aris Senacvlebuli. me-Si introecirebli mamiseuli an mSobliuri avtoriteti warmoqmnis uzenaesi mes birTvs, romelic mamis simkacres iZens, adasturebs misi mxridan incestis akrZalvas da amgvarad mes uzrunvelyofs libidonozuri mijaWvulobisagan ganTavisfulebiT. oisiposis kompleqsTan dakavSirebuli libidonozuri ltolvebi nawilobriv deseqsualizirdebian da sublimirdebian, nawilobriv ki isini brkoldebian miznis miRwevisaken swrafvis TvalsazirisiT da nazi ltolvebis saxes iZenen. mTeli es procesi erTis mxriv gadaarCens genitaliebs, maT danakargis saSiSroebas aacilebs, xolo meores mxriv, am procesiT latenturi periodi iwyeba, romelic aferxebs bavSvis seqsualur ganviTarebas. aRwerili procesi aris gacilebiT ufro meti, vidre gandevna; idelauri ganxorcilebis SemTxvevaSi is kompleqsis ngrevas da gaqarwylebas utoldeba. SesaZlebelia vivaraudoT rom normalurisa da paTologiuris zRvars mivadeqiT, romelic arasodes ar aris mkveTrad gamokveTili. Tuki mem kompleqsis gandevnaze mets ver miaRwia, maSin ukanaskneli ganagrZobs Tavis arsebobas igiSi da SemdgomSi paTogenur gamovlinebas ganapirobebs. analitikuri dakvirveba SesaZleblobas iZleva falosuri organizaciis, oidiposis kompleqsis, kastraciis muqaris, uzenaesi/ze mes formirebisa da latenruti periodis Soris amgvari urTierTdamokidebulebebis aRmoCenisa. aRsaniSnavia rom aRwerili procesi vrceldeba mxolod biWebze. rogor xorcieldeba Sesabamisi ganviTareba gogoebTan? am SemTxvevaSi masali kidev ufro metad gaugebaria. gogonebsac gaaCniaT oidiposis kompleqsi, ze-me da latenrut latenruri periodi. SesaZlebelia Tu ara falosuri organizaciisa da kastraciis kompleqsis miniWeba maTTvisac? gogos klitori penisis analogiuria, magram rodesac bavSvi Sedarebas axdens sapirispiro sqesis organosTan, aRmoaCnes rom is Zalian pataraa, am faqts is ganicdis rogorc arasasiamovnos, arasrulfasovnebis gamomxatvels. magram gogo iTvaliswinebs sakuTar aqtualur defeqts ara rogorc sqesobriv maxasiaTebels, aramed rogorc kastraciis Sedegs. sabolood gamodis, rom gansxvaveba arsebiTia, gogo kastracias ganixilavs rogorc ukve Semdgar faqts, xolo biWi mis molodinsa da aRsrulebis saSiSroebaSia. 66

gogos oidiposis kompleqsi gacilebiT ufro calmxrivia, biWTan SedarebiT. froidis gamocdilebidan gamomdinare es kompleqsi mxolod iSviaT SemTxvevaSi cildeba dedis Canacvlebis survils da qalur ganwyobas mamis mimarT. gogo gadadis bavSvze, rac TavisTavad simboluria, misi oidiposis kompleqsi xangrZlivi drois ganmvlobaSi mamisagan Svilis miRebis survilamde viTardeba, mas surs mamisaTvis bavSvis gaCena. gamodis rom gogo ufro xangrZlivi drois ganmavlobaSi gadis oidiposis kompleqss, vinaidan es survili arasodes ar asruldeba. orive es survili penisis floba da bavSvis gaCena aracnobierSi ganagrZobs arsebobas, isini aqtivobas inarCuneben da qalis arsebas gviandeli sqesobrivi rolisadmi ganawyobs. zogadad aRsaniSnavia rom gogos ganviTarebis procesebis Sesaxeb cnobebi aradamakmayofilebeli da arasrulia. zemoT aRwerili oidiposis kompleqsis droiTi ad kauzaluri urTierTdamokidebulebani, seqsualuri daSineba (kastraciis muqara), ze-mes warmoqmna da latenturi periodis dadgoma tipiuria. magram am procesebis qronologiuri da Tanmimdevruli cvlilebebi umiSvnelovanesia individuumis ganviTarebisaTvis.

qalwulobis tabu

imis moTxovna rom qorwinebisas erT mamakacTan qals ar qondes mogoneba sxva kacTan arsebuli urTierTobisa, warmoadgens qalis flobis gansakuTrebul uflebas, romelic monopoliis arsis Camoyalibebas ganapirobebs. amave dros xdeba am monopoliis ganvrcoba warsulzec. is vinc pirveli akmayofilebs gogos mier xangrZlivi drois ganmavlobaSi daTrgunul siyvarulisadmi ltolvas da amave dros im winaaRmdegobasac gadalaxavs romelic ganpirobebulia garemosa da aRzrdis Sedegad, is masTan xangrZliv kavSirSi Sedis, romlis SesaZleblobac aRar eZleva meti aravis. am gancdis Sedegad qals uyalibdeba daqvemdebarebis mdgomareoba, romelic nawilobriv winaaRmdegobas uwevs masze sxva mamakacebis mxridan STabeWdilebis moxdenisa da gavlenis SesaZleblobas. gamoTqma seqsualuri daqvemdebarebuloba SemoTavazebulia Krafft-Ebing-is mier im faqtis aRsaniSnavad, rom erTi pirovneba SesaZlebelia aRmoCndes srul daqvemdebarebulobasa da damokidebulebaSi sxvis mimarT, romelTanac is sqesobriv kavSirSi imyofeba. daqvemdebarebulobis grZnoba SesaZlebelia ganviTardes ukiduresobamde, damoukidebeli survili arsebobis dakargvis CaTvliT. seqsualuri daqvemdebarebulobis aseTi wili sinamdvileSi aucilebelia kulturuli qorwinebis SenarCunebisaTvis da misTvis mavnebeli poligamiuri tendenciebis daTrgunvisaTvis. seqsualuri daqvemdebarebulobis axsnas Krafft-Ebing-i erTis mxriv Seyvarebulobis uCveulo doniTa da xasiaTis sisustiT, xolo meores mxriv usazRvro egoizmiT axdens. daqvemdebarebuloba xSir SemTxvevaSi gvxvdeba qalebTan vidre mamakacebTan, xolo ukanasknelis SemTxvevaSi Cvens droSi ufro xSirad vidre antikur xanasTan SedarebiT. primitiuli xalxis SemTxvevaSi, defloracia TavisTavad warmoadgens aqts, romelsac Zalian didi mniSvneloba eniWeba, magram is maTTvis tabuirebuli xdeba da religiuri aRkveTis dasaxelebas imsaxurebs. imis sanacvlod rom qali mis momaval saqmros SesTavazon, adaTi moiTxovs imas, rom swored man Seikavos Tavi amisagan. froids moyavs qalwulobis dakargvis ramodenime magaliTi primitiuli xalxebis adaTebidan gamomdinare. mas surs ganasxvavos ceremonialuri sqesobrivi aqti (formaluri, sazeimo da oficialuri) da normaluri sqesobrivi aqti. qalwulobis tabus axsnisas froidi Tvlis rom gansxvavebuli momentebis miTiTeba aris SesaZlebeli, romelTac is mcired Sefasebas aniWebs. qalwulis defloraciis SemTxvevaSi, Cveulebriv sisxlis daRvra xdeba; pirveli mcdeloba axsnisa aris swored is SiSi, romelic gaaCniaT primitiul xalxebs sisxlis danaxvisas, vinaidan maTi azriT cxovreba sisxlSia. am pirvel tabus araferi saerTo ar gaaCnia seqsualurobasTan, rogorc Cans is dakavSirebulia mkvelelobis akrZalvasTan da warmoadgens dacvis saSualebas pirveladi gaumaZRrobisagan . qalwulobis amgvari tabus dacva kavSirSia aseve menstruaciis tabusTanac. pirvelyofil 67

adamians ar SeuZlia ganasxvavos Tviuri sisxldenis saidumlo fenomeni sadisturi warmodgenebisagan. magram mxolod sisxlis SiSiT ar aixsneba tabus arseboba, vinaidan velurebs aseve sasqeso organoebis dacveTis ritualuebic gaaCniaT. meore axsna jer kidev ar iTvaliswinebs seqsualur Sinaarss, magram ufro siRrmiseul aspeqtebs moicavs. primitiuli adamiani aris mudmivad arsebuli SiSis msxverpli, msgavsad nevrotikisa, romelsac is eqvemdebareba fsiqoanalitikuri swavlebis mixedviT. SiSisadmi amgvari mixriloba, Tavs iCens umeteswilad im SemTxvevebSi rodesac saqme gvaqvs raime moulodnelTan, siaxlis momtanTan, uCveulosTan, gaugebarTan, SiSismomgvrelTan. pirveli sqesobrivi urTierToba, yovelmizezgareSe aris aqti, romelic iwvevs SiSs, miTumetes rom adgili aqvs sisxlis daRvras. mesame ganmarteba, romelsac Crawley upiratesobas aniWebs, yuradRebas miapyrobs im faqts, rom qalwulobis tabu im movlenaTa kavSirs uerTdeba, romelic mTels seqsualur cxovrebas moicavs. ara mxolod pirveli sqesobrivi kavSiri qalTan warmoadgens TavisTavad tabus, aramed sqesobrivi aqti TavisTavad, da SeiZleba iTqvas TviT qali warmoadgens tabus. froidi aRniSnavs qalisa da mamakacis dacalkevebis mniSvnelobas, periodebi rodesac qali warmoadens tabus da mamakaci mas ar ekareba menstruacia, orsuloba, orsulobis Semdgomi periodi. froidi aRniSnavs, rom iq sadac primitiulma adamianma Camoayaliba tabu, arsebobs SiSi qalis winaSe. SesaZloa es SiSi aixsnebodes imiT, rom qali gansxvavebulia mamakacisagan, is yovelTvis gaugebaria da idumali, gaucxoebuli da aqedan gamomdinare mtruli. mamakacs eSinia dasustdes qalisagan, rom mas gadaedos misi qaluroba da aqedan gamomdinare darCes uunaro. primitiuli xalxis cxovrebis mravali damkvirvebeli aRniSnavs, rom maTi sasiyvarulo wamowyebebi SedarebiT sustia, da isini arasodes ar aRweven iseT intensivobas rogoric axasiaTebs kulturul kacobriobas. tabus CamoTvlili adaTebi migviTiTeben rom arsebobs garkveuli Zala, romelic ewinaaRmdegeba siyvaruls, vinaidan is uaryofs qals rogorc ucxosa da mtruls. fsiqoanalizis mixedviT narcisizmis mTavar mizezs, rac qalebisadmi uaryofiT damokidebulebaSi vlindeba, warmoadgens misi warmomavloba kastraciuli kompleqsidan da am kompleqsis gavlena exeba qalis Sesaxeb arsebul mosazrebas. froidi aRniSnavs Tavis naSroms Totem and tabu; sadac is Sefasebas aZlevs pirvelad ambivalentobas tabus mniSvnelobisaTvis da icavs tabus warmomavlobis mosazrebas preistoriuli procesebidan dawyebuli, ramac adamianis ojaxis Camoyalibebas Seuwyo xeli. awmyoSi primitiul xalxTan arsebuli tabu ganviTarebulia moxerxebul sistemaSi, romelic nevrotikebis mier ganviTarebuli fobiebis msgavsia, xolo tabus moZvelebuli motivebi enacvlebian axals, harmoniulad SeTanxmebuls. froidi aRniSnavs, rom primitiuli adamiani ayalibebs tabus iq, sadac is saSiSroebas xedavs. meores mxriv is miCveulia moaxdinos sakuTari mtruli sulieri ganwyobebis proecirebas garegan samyaroze, is maT miawesr obieqtebs, romelTac miiCnevs arasasiamovnod an ucxod. aseTi saSiSroebis sawyiss misTvis warmoadgens qali, xolo masTan pirveli sqesobrivi aqti misTvis gansakuTrebiT did saSiSroebas warmoadgens. froidis azriT, rodesac qali exveva mamakacs sqesobrivi aqtis Semdeg da gamoxatavs mis mimarT siTbos, es madlierebis gamoxatuleba aris da amiT is mamakacs erTgulebas pirdeba. magram aseve cnobilia, rom amgvari saqcieli ar vrceldeba pirveli sqesobrivi aqtis SemTxvevazec. xSir SemTxvevaSi is qalisaTvis imedgacruebis momtania. amgvari sawyisi frigidulobis niSnebidan mivdivarT mudmivi sicivis gamoxatulebamde. pirveli sqesobrivi kavSirisagan Tavis daRwevis mcdelobebs froidi ukavSirebs qalebis zogad swrafvas winaaRmdegobisaken. froidis azriT qalis frigidulobis axsnas paTologiuri SemTxvevebi iZlevian. mas moyvanili aqvs erT-erTi magaliTi rodesac qals miuxedavad didi siyvarulisa misi meuRlis mimarT, qonda midrekileba gamoexata agresia da xelic ki aewia masze. froidis azriT is saSiSroeba romelic aRmocendeba qalis defloraciis Sedegad, mdgomareobs imaSi, rom defloraciis aqtiT SesaZlebelia mtruli ganwyobis gamowveva, da swored momaval meuRles unda qondes safuZveli imisa, rom am mtrul ganwyobas daaRwios Tavi. 68

pirveli sqesobrivi aqtis dros aRmocendeba sulieri moZraobebis mTeli rigi. pirvel rigSi froidi aRniSnavs tkivilis mniSvnelobas romelic gamowveulia defloraciis aqtiT, zogierTi mxolod am movlenas aniWebs gadamwyvet mniSvnelobas. Tumca es ase ar aris. ufro meti mniSvneloba eniWeba SebRalul narcisistulobas, romelic gamomdinareobs organos darRvevidan, rasac emateba is rom xdeba gacnobiereba imisa, rom defloracia seqsualur faseulobas amcirebs. imedgacruebis meore mizezs warmoadgens (kulturuli qalis SemTxvevaSi) is, rom molodinebis gamarTleba ar xdeba. am momentamde sqesobrivi aqti iyo asociirebuli akrZalvasTan, aqedan gamomdinare daSvebuli sqesobrivi aqti veRar aRiqmeba. amaze metyvelebs qalebis midrekileba damalon sasiyvarulo urTierTobebi da ar gaumxilon amis Sesaxeb aravis. zogierT SemTxvevaSi es motivi SesaZlebelia imdenad ganviTardes, rom qals aRar qondes imis unari, rom uyvardes Tavisi meuRle. is Tavis mgrZnobelobas isev moipovebs mxolod akrZalul urTierTobebSi. ufro meti miSvnelobis mqonea Semdegi momenti, romelic libidos ganviTarebas exeba. am SemTxvevaSi froids libidos fiqsacia aqvs mxedvelobaSi, romelic exeba mamas, Zmas. qals meuRle uyvars mxolod rogorc maTi Semcvleli, is misTvis ar aris namdvili. yvelaferi damokidebulia libidos fiqsacis intensivobaze. frigiduloba aqedan gamomdinare, nevrozis genetikur pirobebs miekuTvneba. garda am aRwerili sulieri moZraobebisa, aRmocendeba kidev ramodenime, romelic saerTod ewinaaRmdegeba qalur rolsa da funqcias. am SemTxvevaSi froidi aRniSnavs penisisadmi Suris moments. is am movlenas kastraciis kompleqss miakuTvnebs. am saqciels adleris mixedviT SeiZleba vuwodoT mamakacurobisadmi protesti es dasaxeleba aRniSnavs imas, rom es faqtori nevrotulobis matarebelia. SemdgomSi froidis mtkicebiT gogos libido miemarTeba mamisaken da penisis nacvlad mas surs bavSvis yola. Semdeg froids magaliTad moyavs axlad daqorwinebuli qalis sizmari, romelic warmoadgenda reaqcias defloraciaze. misi azriT is gamoxatavda qalis survils moexdina meuRlis kastrireba da Seenaxa penisi TavisTvis. am Suris miRma vlindeba qalis gaboroteba mamakacis mimarT, rac naTlad gamoixateba emansipirebuli qalebis literaturul nawarmoebSi. qalis amgvar mtrul ganwyobas Ferenczi ganixilavs paleobiologiuri xasiaTis mosazrebiT, romelic exeba sqesTa diferenciaciis epoqas. Tavdapirvelad misi azriT kopulacia mimdinareobda erTgvari individebis Soris, romelTagan erT-erTi ganviTarda da aiZula meores sqesobrivi urTierTobis ganxorcieleba. froidi ajamebs yvelafers da akeTebs daskvnas, rom qalis moumwifebeli seqsualoba ganimuxteba im mamakacze, romelic pirvelad acnobs mas seqsualur aqts. kulturis ufro maRal safexurebze am saSiSroebis mniSvneloba gadainacvlebs ukana fonze daqvemdebarebulobis SepirebasTan SedarebiT, xolo qalwuloba ganixileba rogorc garkveuli ZRveni, romelzedac mamakacma ar unda ganacxados uari. magram qorwinebebis analizi gviCvenebs, rom is motivebi romelic aRiZvreba defploraciis aqtis Sedegad ar qreba ukvalod kulturuli qalis sulieri cxovrebidanac ki. damkvirvebeli SeamCnevs rom pirveli qorwinebebis umetesobaSi qali frigidulia da Tavs ubedurad grZnobs, xolo ganqorwinebis Semdeg is mTels Tavis sinazesa da siyvaruls meore qmars aniWebs. is arqauli reaqcia sruliad amowuruli iqna pirvel obieqtze. daskvnisas froidi ambobs rom: defloracias gaaCnia ara mxolod kulturuli Sedegebi qalis samudamo mijaWvuloba mamakacisadmi; is aseve saSualebas aZlevs mamakacisadmi arqauli mtruli reaqciis ganmuxtvas, romelmac SesaZloa paTologiuri formebi miiRos da gamovlindes qorwinebis sasiyvarulo cxovrebis SeyovnebaSi, swored am eraqciis mizezia is faqti rom meore qorwinebebi xSir SemTxvevaSi ufro warmatebuli aris, vidre pirveli. am mtruli reaqciidan gamomdinare gamarTlebulia is SiSi, romelsac ganicdis primitiuli xalxis SemTxvevaSi mamakaci da romlis gamoc is Tavidan icilebs defloracias. sainteresoa, rom analitikoss SesaZloa Sexvdes orive saxis sapirispiro reaqciac, daqvemdebarebisa da mtrulobis. xSir SemTxvevaSi qali cdilobs gaeyaros Tavis yofil 69

Seyvarebuls, meuRles, magram rogorc ki surs vinme sxva Seuyvaros uneblied im pirveli meuRlis xati uCndeba Tvalwin, rac metyvelebs imaze rom is jer kidev mijaWvulia Tavis yofil meuRleze ara sinazis gamo, aramed daqvemdebarebulobis gamo. is ver Tavisufldeba misgan vinaidan ar miuzRvia samagiero, xolo zogierT SemTxvevaSi saerTod verc ki gaucnobierebia Tavisi sulieri samagieros mizRvevis survilebi. xuTi wlis biWis fobiebis analizi Sesavali im axalgazrda pacientis avadmyofobasa da gankurnebaze dakvirveba, romlis Sesaxeb iqneba saubari, Cems mier ar ganxorcielebula. zogadad me vxelmZRvanelobdi mkurnalobas, erTxel bavSvs gavesaubre kidec, magram mkurnalobas mainc bavSvis mama anxorcielebda, romlisadmi madlierebas gamovxatav mis mier warmoebuli CaniSvnebisaTvis, romelic man SemdgomSi publikaciisaTvis gadmomca. mamis damsaxureba kidev ufro metic aris; Cemi azriT sxva ver SeZlebda bavSvis mxridan msgavsi aRiarebebis miRebas; im codnis gareSe romelsac flobda mama, SeuZlebeli iqneboda misi xuTi wlis biWis Cvenebebis ganmarteba da esoden adreuli asakisaTvis fsiqoanalizis teqnikuri siZneleebi dauZleveli iqneboda. erT adamianSi mSoblisa da eqimis avtoritetis gaerTianebam, nazi grZnobebisa da mecnieruli interesebis Tanxvedram SesaZlebeli gaxada im meTodis gamoyeneba, romelic msgavs SemTxvevebSi naklebad aris gamoyenebadi. magram am dakvirvebis gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba mdgomareobs SemdegSi. eqimi, romelic zrdasruli nevrotikis fsiqoanaliziT aris dakavebuli, romelic fsiqikuri warmoanaqmnebis fenebis Tanmimdevrul gaxsnas axdens, sabolood midis bavSvuri seqsualurobis varaudebamde, ris komponentebSic is momdevno cxovrebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli yvela nevrotuli simptomis mamoZravebel Zalas xedavs. im masalas Soris, romelic Cemi SeTavazebis gamo (sxva mSoblebis mimarT TavianT bavSvebze dakvirvebis warmoebis SeTavazebazea saubari) Cems xelT aRmoCnda, cnobebma patara hansis Sesaxeb gamorCeuli adgili daikaves. hansis mSoblebma, romlebic Cemi uzxloesi momxreebi iyvnen, gadawyvites TavinaTi pirveli Svili im minimaluri Zaldatanebis gareSe aRezardaT, romelic upirobod aris saWiro keTilSobili zneobis SenarCunebisaTvis. vinaidan bavSvi ganviTarda da gaxda mxiaruli da gamtaniani biWi, maT Zalisxmevas kargi Sedegebi qonda. pirveli cnobebis hansis Sesaxeb miekuTvneba im periods, rodesac is jer kidev ar iyo sami wlis. ukve maSin is sakmao dainteresebiT saubrobda Tavisi sxeulis im nawilis Sesaxeb, romelsac Tavis enaze Wiwimacher-s eZaxda. erTxelac, man dedas Semdegi kiTxva dausva: hansi: deda, Sen gaqvs Wiwimacher-i? deda: ra Tqma unda. ratom mekiTxebi amas? hansi: me mxolod gavifiqre. swored am asakSi, man dainaxa rogor wvelavdnen Zroxas. Sexede Tqva man, Wiwimacher-idan rZe moedineba. ukve es dakvirvebebi metyveleben imaze, rom is rasac gamoxatavs patara hansi, iqneba tipiuri bavSvis seqsualuri ganviTarebisaTvis. amave dros, misi interesi Wiwimacher-is mimarT ar aris mxolod Teoriuli. mas aseve sakuTari sasqeso organos Sexebis swrafvac gaaCnia. samnaxevari wlis asakSi, dedamisma mas Seuswro maSin, rodesac hanss xelSi penisi eWira. deda daemuqra: Tu Sen gaagrZeleb me davuZxeb eqims, da is Sen mogaWris Sens Wiwimacher-s. maSin riTiRa gaakeTeb wiwi-s? hansi: Cemi roroTi. aq is mas pasuxobs danaSaulis grZnobis gacnobierebis gareSe, magram amasTanave iZens kastraciis konpleqss, romelic ase xSirad SesamCnevia nevrotikebis analizis dros, miuxedavad imisa, rom isini amas aprotesteben. kastraciis kompleqsma datova SesamCnevi kvali miTologiaSi (aramarto berZnulSi). TiTqmis igive asakSi man aRelvebiT aRniSna: me davinaxe, rom loms aqvs Wiwimacher-i". udidesi mniSvneloba, romelsac iZenen cxovelebi miTebsa da zRaprebSi, rogorc Cans ganpirobebulia im daufarvelobiT, romliTac isini cnobismoyvare bavSvs TavianT sasqeso 70

organoebsa da seqsualur funqciebs aCveneben. hansis seqsualuri cnobismoyvareoba ueWvelia, magram is mas aqcevs gamomZieblad, rac mas swori gacnobierebis saSualebas aniWebs. 3 wlisa da 8 Tvis asakSi is xedavs, rom lokomotividan gamoedineba wyali. lokomotivi Wiwi-s akeTebs. sad aris misi Wiwimacher-? ramodenime wuTis Semdeg is Rrmad Cafiqrebuli amatebs: ZaRls da cxens aqvT Wiwimacher-i, magidas da skams ara. amgvarad man daadgina sakmaod arsebiTi maxasiaTebeli usulo da sulieris garCevisaTvis. rogorc Cans, cnobismoyvareoba da seqsualuri interesi, mWidro kavSirSi arian. hansis cnobismoyvareoba ZiriTadad mSoblebzea mimarTuli. hansi, 3 wlisa da 8 Tvis: mama, Senc gaqvs Wiwimacher-i? mama: ra Tqma unda. hansi: me is arasodes ar minaxavs rodesac Sen ixdi. is daZabulad adevnebs Tvals dedas, rodesac is icvlis da dasaZineblad emzadeba. deda ekiTxeba: ratom miyureb ase? hansi: me mainteresebs gaqvs Tu ara Senc Wiwimacher-I. deda: ra Tqma unda. Sen es ar icodi? hansi: ara, me megona, vinaidan Sen didi xar, maSin Wiwimacher-ic iseTive geqneba rogoric cxens aqvs. davimaxsovroT patara hansis es molodini. mogvianebiT igi Tavis mniSvnelobas SeiZens. udidesi movlena hansis cxovrebaSi misi patara dis dabadeba, moxda maSin rodesac hansi 3 wlisa da 3 Tvis iyo. amasTan dakavSirebiT aRsaniSnavia misi saqcieli. dilis 5 sT-ze, hansis logini gadaaqvT mezobel oTaxSi, vinaidan dedas mSobiaroba ewyeba. 7-ze is iRviZebs da rodesac esmis dedis xma kiTxulobs: ratom axvelebs deda? xolo Semdeg mciredi pauzis Semdgom: - albaT dRes wero mova. ra Tqma unda am ukanaskneli dReebis ganmabvlobaSi mas eubnebodnen rom wero moitans an gogos an biWs, is sruliad sworad axdens am uCveulo xmis asocirebas weros mosvlasTan. Semdeg is gadayavT samzareuloSi. is xedavs eqmisi CanTas da kiTxulobs: ra aris es? rodesac mas pasuxoben CanTa. is isev darwmunebiT imeorebs: dRes wero mova. mSobiarobis Semdeg bebia qali Semodis samzareuloSi da moiTxovs Cais. hansi aRniSnavs: rodesac deda axvelebs mas Cais umzadeben. Semdeg mas eZaxian oTaxSi da is dedas ki ar uyurebs, aramed sisxlnarevi wyliT saves WurWels da mciredi dabneulobiT aRniSnavs: me Wiwimacher-idan sisxli ar momdis. yvela misi SeniSvna gviCvenebs, rom is akavSirebs weros mosvlasTan yovelive uCveulos garemoSi. yvelafers gaZlierebuli yuradRebiT ganixilavs da yvelafris mimarT undoblobiT aris gansWvaluli. yovel mizez gareSe, mas daeufla pirveli undobloba weirs mosvlasTan dakavSirebiT. is eWvianobs ojaxis axal wevrTan dakavSirebiT da rodesac mas aqeben, an Tvlian rom is lamazia, hansi siZulviliT savse aRniSnavs: samagierod mas kbilebi ar aqvs. saqme imaSia, rom rodesac man is pirvelad dainaxa, gaukvirda rom bavSvi ar laparakobs da am garemoebis axsna moaxdina imiT, rom bavSvs kbilebi ar aqvs. bunebrivia, rom pirveli dReebis ganmavlobaSi mas nakleb yuradRebas aqcevdnen da angina gauCnda. bodvisas hansi iZaxda: me ar mina aranairi daiko. daaxloebiT naxevari wlis Semdeg, mas gadauara eWvianobam da is gaxda Tbili, magram sakuTar aRmatebulobaSi darwmunebuli Zma. cotaTi mogvianebiT (erTi kviris Semdgom) hansi Tvals adevnebs misi dis banaobas da aRniSnavs: misi Wiwimacher-i jer kidev pataraa, - da TiTqos da damamSvideblad amatebs: rodesac gaizrdeba is ufro didi gaxdeba. swored am periodSi hansi pirvelad yveba Tavis sizmars: dRes, rodesac me meZina, vifiqre rom var gmundenSi marikasTan erTad. aq aucilebelia rom aRiniSnos: 1906 w. zafxulSi viyaviT gmundenSi sadac hansi mTeli dReebis ganmavlobaSi TamaSobda maspinZlis bavSvebTan. rodesac wavediT gmundenidan vifiqreT, rom is mZimed gadaitanda am ganSorebas. Cvenda gasakvirad es ase ar iyo. rogorc Cans mas 71

uxaroda es cvlileba da ramodenime dRis ganmavlobaSi saerTod ar saubrobda gmundenis Sesaxeb. mxolod ramodenime kviris gasvlis Semdgom mas daubrunda sakmaod cocxali mogonebebi gmundenis Sesaxeb. ukve 4 kviraa, rac am mogonebebs mis fantaziaSi amuSavebs. Tavis fantaziebSi is eTamaSeba im bavSvebs, esaubreba maT, ise TiTqos isini aqve iyvnen. rogorc Cans misi dis gaCenis Semdeg, isi dainteresda bavSvebis gaCenis problemiT; is gmundenis maspinZlis bavSvebs, bertas da olRas TavianT Svilebs eZaxis da erTxelac ambobs: berta da olRa werom moitana. misi sizmari SesaZlebelia iyos ganxiluli rogorc gmundenSi wasvlis survili. aqve minda avRniSno, rom Tavisi ukanaskneli gancxadebiT Tavisi Svilebis Sesaxeb romlebic viTomda werom moitana, hansi xmamaRla upirispirdeba Tavis farul eWvs. sabednierod mamam saintereso ram aRniSna, rac SemdgomSi Zalian mniSvnelovani gaxda. me hansisTvis vxatav Jirafs, hansi am periodisaTvis xSirad iyo xolme SonbrunSi. is meubneba: dauxate Wiwimacher-ic. me vpasuxob: Sen TiTon dauxate. is xatavs patara joxs muclis SuagulSi, Semdeg egreve agrZelebs mas da aRniSnavs: Wiwimacher-i ufro grZelia. Wiwimacher-is mimarT Tavisi interesis gamo man sruliad Taviseburi TamaSi gamoigona. SemosasvlelSi moTavsebulia klozeti da saTavso. hansi midis am saTavsoSi da iZaxis: me davdivar Cems klozetSi. erTxelac me iq Sevixede, rom menaxa riTia dakavebuli. Turme Tavis peniss aSiSvlebs da ambobs: me vakeTeb wiwi-s. es niSnavs imas, rom klozets TamaSobs. TamaSis xasiaTi vlindeba ara mxolod imaSi rom is ar urinirebs sinamdvileSi, aramed imaSic, rom ncvlad klozetSi siarulisa is amjobinebs saTavsos, romelsac Tavis klozets eZaxis. hansis seqsualuri cxovrebis autoerotiuli maxasiaTeblebis garda, aseve mis mamas SeuZlia gvamcnobos misi sasiyvarulo damokidebulebebis Sesaxeb sxva bavSvebTan mimarTebaSi, raSic obieqtis arCevanis gakeTeba SeiZleba iyos konstatirebuli zrdasruli adamianis msgavsad. aqac SesamCnevia moqniloba da poligamiuri mixrilobebi. zamTarSi (3 da 3/4 wlis) hansi mimyavs sasrialoze sadac Cemi kolegis ori qaliSvili gavacani. isini daaxloebiT 10 wlis arian. miuxedavad gogoebis mxridan miuReblobisa, hansi maT mimarT grZnobebiT ganimsWvaleba, miuxedavad imisa, rom amas ar aqvs gavlena gogoebze. hansi maT Tavis gogoebs uwodebs. rodesac saxlSi brundeba kiTxulobs: rodis waval sasrialoze, Cems gogoebTan? hansTan stumrobs misi 5 wlis biZaSvili (hansi 4 wlisaa). hansi mas ramodenimejer exuteba da erTxelac aRiarebs: me Sen ise miyvarxar. es aris homoseqsualobis pirveli magram ara ukanaskneli maxasiaTebeli. patara hansi garyvnilobis magaliTad iqceva. Cven gadavediT sxva binaze. (hansi 4 wlisaa) samzareulos kari aivanze gadis, saidanac mopirdapire mxares ganlagebuli bina Cans. iq hansma 7-8 wlis gogona aRmoaCina. imisaTvis rom mas uTvalTvalos hansi jdeba safexurze da saaTobiT ar Sordeba adgils. gansakuTrebiT naSuadRevs 4 sT-ze SeuZlebelia misi SeCereba oTaxebSi an CamoSoreba sameTvalyureo postidan. erTxelac rodesac gogo Cveul dros ar brundeba, hansi yvelas ekiTxeba: rodis mova Cemi gogo? sad ari gogo? xolo rodesac is gamoCndeba, hansi bednieria da Tvals ar aSorebs gogos binas. am manZilze arsebuli siyvarulis siZliere aixsneba imiT rom hanss ar yavs megobrebi. bavSvis normaluri ganviTarebisaTvis aucilebelia mudmivi urTierToba sxva bavSvebTan. msgavsi urTierToba misTvis SesaZlebelia gaxda rodesac sazafxulod gmundenSi gadavida. masTan erTad maspinZlis Svilebi TamaSoben. miuxedavad imisa, rom maT wreSi bevri gogoa, hansis favoritia frici, romelsac is xSirad exuteba da eficeba siyvaruls. erTxelac kiTxvaze Tu romeli gogo moswons mas yvelaze metad is pasuxobs: frici. amave dros gogoebTan mimarTebaSi is agresiulia da Tavi uWiravs mamakacad, dampyroblad, exuteba da kocnis maT, rac magaliTad mowons bertas. magram misdami siyvarulis gamoxatva xels ar uSlis hanss sxva gogoebTanac msgavsi urTierTobis damyarebisaTvis. mas mowons marika maspinZlis 14 wlis gogo. erTxelac saRamos man ganacxada, rom marikasTan erTad surs Zili. rodesac mas uebnebian rom es SeuZlebelia is iZaxis: maSin marikam daiZinos dedasTan an mamasTan. mas uebnebian rom esec SeuZlebelia, vinaidan marika Tavis ded-mamasTan iZinebs: 72

hansi: maSin me Caval da daviZineb marikasTan. deda: Sen namdvilad ginda miatovo deda da Caxvide qveviT? hansi: magram me xom davbrundebi diliT yavaze. deda: Tu namdvilad ginda miatovo deda da mama, waiRe Seni qurTuki, sacvali da kargad! hansi iRebs Tavis nivTebs da Cadis qveviT, saidanac mas ra Tqma unda abruneben. (am survilis miRma ifareba sxva ram: mas surs, rom marika, romelTanac is atarebs drois umetes nawils, Semovides maT saxlSi. garda amisa kidev sxva ram. vinaidan hansis ded-mama iSviaTad, magram mainc iyvandnen mas TavianT loginSi, mSoblebis gverdze wola erotiul SegrZnebebs aRvivebda bavSvSi, aqedan gamomdinare marikasTan wolis survili erotiul sazriss Seicavs. hansisaTvis, rogorc yvela sxva bavSvisaTvis mSoblebTan erTad loginSi wola erotiuli aRznebis wyaros warmoadgens.) miuxedavad Tavisi homoseqsualuri mixrilobisa hanss dedamisTan Tavi ise uWiravs rogorc es namdvil mamakacs Sehferis. aRwerilia misi grZnobebi restoranSi myofi 8 wlis gogo mimarT. rogor wiTldeba da morcxvobs da a. S. xazgasmulia is faqtori, rom maSin rodesac is agresiulia Sin, aq Tavis uWiravs rogorc Tayvanismcemeli. SesaZlebelia es dakavSirebulia imasTan, rom masTan saxlSi myofi gogoebi soflis gogoebis arian, es ki kulturuli qambatonia. imisaTvis, rom hansi ar darCes am gogos mimarT aRzevebli siyvarulis daZabul mdgomareobaSi, deda patiJebs gogos maT ezoSi saTamaSod, im droisaTvis rodesac hansi sadilis Semdeg gamoiZinebs. hansi imdenad aris aRgznebuli gogos mosalodneli vizitiT, rom pirvelad ver axerxebs gamoZinebas sadilis Semdgom. deda ekiTxeba Tu ratom ver iZinebs da isic pasuxobs, rom fiqrobs im gogoze. amave dros hansma yvelas mouyva gogos mosalodneli vizitis Sesaxeb da marikas ekiTxeboda: rogor fiqrob makocebs is Tu ara? magram sadilis Semdeg modioda wvima da viziti ver ganxorcielda. hansi ki gaerTo bertasa da olRasTan. deda bans hanss diliT (4 da 4/1 wlis) rogorc yovelTvis da dabanis Semdeg amSralebs da pudrs ayris. rodesac is frTxilad ayris pudrs peniss hansi ekiTxeba: ratom ar mexebi TiTiT? deda: imitom rom es Rorobaa. hansi: ras niSnvas Roroba? ratom? deda: imitom rom es uwesobaa. hansi: magram sasiamovnoa. amave dros hanss saintereso sizmari esizmreba, romelic gamoirCeva gambedaobiT dedasTan mimarTebaSi simamacis gamovlenasTan SedarebiT. misi ganmarteba mxolod da mxolod mamis Sors mWvretelobiT gaxda SesaZlebeli. dRes Rame me vifiqre: erTi ambobda: vis unda CemTan mosvla? maSin viRaca eubneba: me. maSin man unda aiZulos igi gaakeTos wiwi. Semdgomi kiTxvebidan aRmoCndeba, rom vizualuri STabeWdilebebi aq ar arsebobs, mxolod audialuria. aseve es sizmari warmoadgens im TamaSis gadmonaSTs, romelic hansma maspinZlis bavSvebTan erTad iTamaSa ramodenime dRis win. es aris TamaSis wabaZva, romlis drosac hanss surs, rom is visac eubnebian ra unda gaakeTos, unda urinirebdes. ra Tqma unda es procesi hansisaTvis sasiamovno mniSvnelobas iZens. gaseirnebis dros am samsaxurs hanss uwevs mama. ori dRis win, rogorc ukve iyo aRniSnuli man dedas kiTxa Tu ratom ar exeba peniss. guSin rodesac urinirebisaTvis gverdze gaviyvane, man pirvelad mTxova saxlis ukana mxares gameyvana, rom aravis ar daenaxa da aRniSna: berta da olRa SarSan miyurebdnen rodesac wiwi-s vakeTebdi. Cemi azriT am mosazrebas aqvs Semdegi mniSvneloba, maSin misTvis sasiamovno iyo gogonebis cnobismoyvareoba, exla ki ara. eksgibicionisturi siamovneba (sasqeso organoebis gaSiSvlebis) exla ukve gandevnas eqvemdebareba. es gandevna, warmoadgens imis ganmartebas, Tu ratom vlindeba es survili sizmarSi. amis Semdeg me davakvirdi, rom mas undoda wiwi-s gakeTeba yvelasgan farulad. 73

venaSi gadasvlis Semdeg, mama isev afiqsirebs kidev erT dakvirvebas. rodesac banen anas, hansi uyurebs mas da sicils iwyebs. rodesac mas ekiTxebian ratom, is iZaxis rom anas Wiwimacher-i lamazia. es aris cru pasuxi, magram am formulirebiT is axdens qalisa da mamakacis sasqeso organos gnsxvavebas, imis nacvlad rom uaryofdes mas. avadmyofobis istoria da analizi aRwerilia mamis werili froidis mimarT, sadac is mouTxrobs hansis ganviTarebul nervul moSlilobaze, romelic mas da mis meuRles awuxebs da ver pouloben aRkveTis gzebs. rogorc Cans seqsualuri aRzneba gamowveuli dedis sinaziT, warmoadgens nervuli moSlilobis mizezs, magram mis gamomwvev sababs mainc ver vpoulob. SesaZlebelia quCaSi cxenis kbenis SiSi gamowveulia imiT, rom man sadRac dainaxa didi penisi. rogorc iciT adre SeumCnevia cxenis didi penisi. swored am garemoebam miiyvana is im daskvnamde, rom vinaidan deda didia, wiwimacher-ic didi unda qondes. Tuki ar CavTvliT imas, rom quCaSi gasvlis SiSi gauCnda da saRamoobiT cud ganwyobazea, hansi isev iseTive mamaci biWia. avadmyofobis ufro siRrmiseuli analizisaTvis moyvanilia ramodenime faqti. hansi Semodis dilas dedasTan tiriliT da rodesac amas ekiTxebian mizezs pasuxobs: rodesac meZina, vifiqre rom waxvedi da aRar myavs deda romelsac SemiZlia movefero. rodesac msgavs elegiur ganwyobas avlenda iyo SemTxveva rom dedas hansi loginSi auyvania. 5 ianvars is midi dedasTan da eubneba vinme deidas Sesaxeb, romelmac misi sasqeso organos Sesaxeb komentari gaakeTa. (is qali namdvilad cxovrobda maT ojaxSi da erTxel ise rom hanss ar gaego dedamiss namdvilad uTxra msgavsi ram da es hansma daimaxsovra). aRniSnulia is garemoeba, rodesac is ZiZas miyavs saseirnod da hansi moiTxovs dedasTan dabrunebas. saRamos dadgomamde is sakmaod mxiarulia, magram mere SfoTavs da moiTxovs dedisgan moferebas. 8 ianvars deda gadawyvets TiTon gaaseirnos hansi da miyavs is SonbrunSi, (adgili romelic hanss uyvars) magram is isev Wirveulobs da quCaSi siarulis SiSs avlens. is eubneba dedas: me meSinia rom cxenma ar mikbinos. saRamos mas isev SfoTva ewyeba, tiris da moiTxovs dedas. Semdeg is iZaxis xval isev momiwevs saseirnod wasvla da mogvianebiT, cxeni oTaxSi mova. Semdeg aRwerilia dedisa da hansis dialogi imasTan dakavSirebiT rom hansi wiwimacher-s xels kidebs. is aRniSnavs rom es sasiamovnoa, xolo mas afrTxileben rom wiwimacher-is xelis xleba ar SeiZleba. yvelaferi es SesaZlebelia yofiliyo SiSisa da fobiis dasawyisi. Cans rom gvaqvs sakmao safuZveli maTi gansxvavebisa. moSliloba iwyeba mSfoTvare-nazi azrebidan, rasac moyveba saSineli sizmari. am ukanasknelis Sinaarsia: dedis danakargi, ris Semdgom SeuZlebeli iqneba masTan mofereba. aqedan gamomdinare dedis mimarT sinaze sakmaod maRalia. es aris avadmyofuri mdgomareobis ZiriTadi fenomeni. gavixsenoT hansis mxridan dedis Secdenis mcdelobebi. dedis mimarT amgvari gamZafrebuli sinaze iqceva SiSis SegrZnebad, an eqvemdebareba gandevnas. magram jer kidev ar aris cnobili Tu saidan momdinareobs gandevnis biZgi. am SiSs, romelic gandevnili erotiuli ltolvis Sesabamisia, msgavsad bavSvis sxva SiSebisa ar gaaCnia obieqti. bavSvs ar SeuZlia gaacnobieros Tu risi eSinia da rodesac hanss ZiZasTan erTad seirnobisas ar unda aRiareba Tu risi eSinia, es niSnavs imas rom man ubralod ar icis es. piriqiT sakmaod advilia imis axsna, rom saRamos mas imitom eSinia, rom libido gansakuTrebuli ZaliT ipyrobs hanss, xolo am libidos obieqti aris deda, mizani dedasTan Zili. e. i. SiSi gandevnili survilis Sesabamisia, magram ara eqvivalenturi, gandevna garkveulwilad axdens Tavis zegavlenas. survili SesaZlebelia sruliad iyos 74

dakmayofilebuli, Tuki sasurveli obieqtis daaxloveba moxdeba. magram SeuZlebelia SiSis gardasaxva libidoSi, romelic raimeTi aris Sekavebuli gandevnil mdgomareobaSi. es gamovlinda hansis dedasTan erTad pirveli gaseirnebis dros. miuxedavad imisa rom dedasTanaa, hansi mainc SiSiT aris ganmsWvaluli, rac vlindeba mis mimarT daukmayofilebel ltolvaSi. SiSma unda ipovos Tavisi obieqti. gaseirnebis dros is aRniSnavs cxenis mxridan kbenis molodinis saSiSroebas. am fobiis safuZveli jer kidev ucnob kompleqsebSia, ramac dedis mimarT arsebuli libidos gandevnil mdgomareobaSi SenarCuneba ganapiroba. mamis mxridan arsebuli miniSnebebis safuZvelze SesaZlebelia vivaraudoT, rom cxeni am SemTxvevaSi dedis Canacvlebas warmoadgens (vinaidan hansi adre ukavSirebda erTmaneTs dedas da cxens). hansi aseve gamotyda imaSic, rom Zilis win exeba Tavis peniss. magram is rom bavSvi Zilis win masturbaciiT siamovnebis SegrZnebebs iwvevda ar axdebs misi SiSis mizezis axsnas, piriqiT es mas ufro metad saidumloebiT moculad aqcevs. hansi aris 4 3/4 wlis, is ukve 1 welia rac msgavs siamovnebas hgvris Tavs, magram mxolod exla cdilobs am CvevasTan SebrZolebas, rac sakmaod uaxlovdeba SiSis warmoqmnasa da gandevnas. rTulia aseve dedis dadanaSaulebac imaSi, rom bavSvis damSvidebis mizniT, man faqtiurad misi nevrozi gamoiwvia (rodesac mas loginSi iyvanda dawyanrebis mizniT, xolo Semdeg sakmaod mkacrad uaryo misi siamovnebis moTxovnileba). me vuTanxmdebi mamas bavSvs auxsnas rom cxenis istoria aris sruli sisulele. rom sinamdvileSi is aris avad imitom, rom dedasTan zedmetad Tbil urTierTobaSia. Semdeg me movuwode mamas hansis seqsualuri ganaTlebisaken. aseve man unda gaigos rom dedas wiwimacher-i saerTod ar aqvs, rogorc sxva qalebs. axsna ganmartebis Semdeg SedarebiT mSvidi periodi dadga. misi cxenis mimarT SiSi gadaiqceva cxenis yurebis daJinebul moTxovnilebaSi. is ambobs me unda vuyuro cxenebs, maSin me meSinia maTi. influenciis Semdeg misi fobia gaZlierda, misi quCaSi gayvana SeuZlebeli xdeba. mama mas esaubreba imis Sesaxeb rom cxenebi ar ikbinebian. hansi pasuxobs rom Tu TeTri cxenis win TiTs daiWer is aucileblad gikbens. mama gaocebulia imiT, rom is ar axsenebs xels. aqve aRwerilia mokle istoria imis Sesaxeb, rom rodesac lici gasamgzavreblad emzadeboda, misi saxlis win idga ekipaJi TeTri cxeniT. mama etyvis hanss rom iqneb TiTi mis warmoadgenaSi aris wiwimacher-i. Semdeg hansi da mama isev saubroben fobiaze, romelsac hansi sisuleles eZaxis. mama mas eubneba rom sisulele gaqarwyldeba Tuki is sasernod gava xSirad. hansi ki ambobs, rom is gaZlierda vinaidan is yoveldRe wiwimacher-s kidebs xels. eqimis da pacienti, mama da Svili eTanxmebian erTamenTs imasTan dakavSirebiT, rom onanizmisagan gadaCveva warmoadgens mTavar rols, arsebuli mdgomareobis paTogenezSi. axali mosamsaxuris gamoCena hansSi simpaTias iwvevs. Zveli cnobismoyvareoba mimarTulia axal obieqtze da rogorc es aris xolme gandevnis SemTxvevaSi is ifareba moralizirebadi tendenciiT! Semdeg mama esaubreba hanss imis Sesaxeb, rom Tu is Sewyvets wiwimacher-is xelis xlebas sisulele gauvlis. is xazs usvams, rom SeiZleba hansi ar kidebs wiwimacher-s, magram es unda. razec hansi pasuxobs: survili ar niSnavs amis keTebas da piriqiT!!! Semdeg aRwerilia hansis mdgomareobis gaumjobeseba. mama mas esaubreba qalisa da kacis wiwimacher-is sxvaobis Sesaxeb. hansi mxiarulad aris, magram saRamo Jams igi isev sevdiania da eSinia cxenebis. Tumca wina dReebTan SedarebiT nervuli Seteva da moferebis moTxovnileba naklebia. aRwerilia hansis anonisturi fantazia, rodesac is ambobs rom dainaxa deda perangSi, romelmac mas wiwimacher-i aCvena. Semdeg is ixsenebs gretas, romelic gmundenSi yofnisas misi erT-erTi nacnobi gogoa da moixseniebs mas ise TiTqos masTan amJamadac aqvs urTierToba, rac fantaziis wyaros warmoadgens. is iZaxis rom es aris sizmari, magram es ufro sizmris eqvivalenturi onanisturi fantaziaa. misTvis gamarTlebas warmoadgens is momenti rom deda aris magaliTi da aqedan gamomdinare masac SeuZlia wiwimacher-is demonstrireba. 75

am fantaziidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia gamovitanoT daskvna, rom dedis mxridan SeniSvnam masze zegavlena moaxdina, meores mxriv axsna ganmarteba imis Sesaxeb, rom qalebs gansxvavebuli wiwimacher-i aqvT mis mier ar aris miRebuli bolomde, an mas aqvs garkveuli safuZveli mamis mimarT ndobis ar qonis. mamis yovelkvireuli angariSi: aRwerilia hansis SiSebi didi cxovelebis miamrT, rodesac mSoblebs is miyavT SonbrunSi. mas ar unda Sesvla iq sadac aris Jirafi da spilo, romelic adre misTvis saintereso iyo. didi cxovelebisadmi SiSs gamoxatavs, xolo patarebTan Tavs kargad grZnobs. amasTan dakavSirebiT mama eubneba, rom mas imitom eSinia didi cxovelebis, rom maT didi wiwimacher-i aqvT. momdevno dReebis ganmavlobaSi SiSi matulobs. hansi WiSkridan ar gadis. mamasTan saubrisas hansis mier gamoTqmuli damamSvidebeli sityva gamoaSkaravebs sinamdviles da saSualebas iZleva mamis msjelobaSi Sesworebis SetanisaTvis. marTalia rom hanss eSinia didi cxovelebis, vinaidan mas uwevs maT did wiwimacher-ze fiqri, magram SeuZlebelia imis Tqma Tu ras ganicdis igi yvelaze did wiwimacher-Tan dakavSirebiT. masze warmoadgena rogorc Cans hansisaTvis siamovnebis momgvreli iyo da is yvelanairad cdilobda rogorme daenaxa es wiwimacher-i. swored im droidan siamovneba Seicvala usiamovnebiT, romelmac CvenTvis gaugebari saSualebiT hansis seqsualuri gamokvleva moicva da ramac hansi SedarebiT mtkivneul daskvnamde miiyvana. rogorc misi damaSvidebeli sityvidan wiwimacher-i CemTan erTad gaizrdeba, SesaZlebelia davaskvnaT, rom sakuTari dakvirvebebis ganmavlobaSi hansi Sedarebebs axdenda da daukmayofilebeli darCa sakuTari wiwimacher-is zomiT. am defeqts mas didi cxovelebi cxovelebi axseneben da swored am mizeziT isini arasasiamovnoni arian hansisTvis. magram vinaidan mTeli es azrTa msvleloba SeuZlebelia iyos gacnobierebuli, es damamZimebeli SegrZneba SiSSi gadaizrdeba. aqedan gamomdinare misi SiSi agebulia rogorc adreul siamovnebaze, aseve amJamindel usiamovnebazec. rodesac SiSis mdgomareoba Camoyalibebulia, SiSi StanTqavs yvela danarCen SegrZnebas. rodesac gandevnis procesi progresirebs da ukve gacnobierebuli, afeqtTan dakavSirebuli warmodgenebi kidev ufro metad gadaiwevian aracnobierSi maSin SesaZlebelia rom yvela afeqti gadaizardos SiSSi. aseve dedis mxridan adreuli muqaris Sesaxeb aris xazgasmuli. savsebiT SesaZlebelia, rom kastraciis muqaram drois sakmaod didi monakveTis Semdeg iqonia gavlena da swored exla 1 1/4 wlis Semdgom hanss sakuTari mes Zvirfasi nawilis dakargvis SiSi gauCnda. msgavsi brZanebebisa da muqarebis gavlenebis zemoqmedeba sxva avadmyofobebis SemTxvevebSic SesaZlebelia iyos SemCneuli, rodesac droiTi intervali aTwleulebsa da ufro metsac moicavs. aRwerilia SemTxveva rodesac hansi RamiT ded-mamis loginSi SemoZvra da daiZina. meore dRes mama maT dialogs iwers, romelSic hansi yveba Tavisi azrebis Sesaxeb: hansi: RamiT oTaxSi iyo erTi didi da meore dakuWuli Jirafi, didma yvirili atexa imirom, rom me mas dakuWuli wavarTvi. Semdeg man Sewyvita yvirili da me dakuWul Jirafs davajeqi. fantazia JirafebTan dakavSirebiT imave dRes poulobs axsna-ganmartebas. didi Jirafi aris mama (didi penisi grZeli yeli), dakuWuli Jirafi aris deda (misi sasqeso organoebi). yvelaferi es aris im scenis reproduqcia, romelic am bolo dros TiTqmis yovel dilas meordeboda. hansi diliT Semodis mSoblebTan, deda ver ikavebs Tavs da ramodenime wutiT igi loginSi ayavs. mama am dros mas arwunebs, rom amis gakeTeba ar Rirs (didi Jirafi yviroda imitom, rom me mas dakuWuli wavarTvi.) deda mamas gaRizianebuli pasuxobs, rom es uazrobaa, rom SeuZlebelia erT wuTs raime zegavlena qondes da a. S. ris Semdegac hansi ramodenime xani masTan rCeba (didi Jirafi Cumdeba da me dakuWuls davajeqi.) froidi mamis msjelobas kidev erT danamats ukeTebs: hansisaTvis raimeze dajdoma flobis Sesabamisia. aqedan gamomdinare am fantaziaSi dafarulia Semdegi ram: hansis SiSi, rom dedas is ar uyvars vinaidan misi wiwimacher-i mamasTan SedarebiT pataraa. mama hanss misi fantaziis ganmartebas gaumxels. 76

rodesac mama froidTan vizitis Semdeg brundeba hansi mas kidev erT akrZalul ocnebas gaumxels: Cven viyaviT vagonSi, gavtexeT SuSa da policielma wagviyvana. es aris Jirafebis fantaziis marTebuli gagrZeleba. hansi grZnobs, rom ar SeiZleba dedis floba; rom is sisxlis aRrevis zRvars miuaxlovda. magram mis fantaziebSi is mamasTan erTad aris. misi azriT mamac dedasTan idumal kavSirSia, raSic garkveulwilad Zaladobac igulisxmeba, raRac SuSis msxvrevis, an dacul sivrceSi SeRwevis msgavsi. mama Svili froidTan vizitze arian. konsultacia xanmoklea. saubari iwyeba hansis cxenebis SiSTan dakavSirebiT. aRsaniSnavia, rom cxenebis SiSi da dedisadmi ltolva sakmaod bundovnad ukavSirdeba erTmaneTs. is detalebi romelic froidma gamoarkvia (hanss yvelaze ufro metad aSinebda is, rom cxnebes aqvT raRac Tvalebze da raRac Savi pirTan), sruliad gaugebari iyo da ar eqvemdebareboda axsnas im monacemebis gaTvaliswinebiT rac mas qonda. froidi xumrobiT ekiTxeba hanss: misi cxenebi saTvaleebs xom ar atareben? is amas uaryofs. mama xom ar atarebs saTvaleebs? miuxedavad imisa rom es asea, hansi am faqtsac uaryofs. raRac Savi pirTan ulvaSi xom ar aris? Semdeg froidi mas uxsnis rom hansi mamisadmi SiSs ganicdis, vinaidan mas Zalian uyvars deda. ukana gzaze hansi ekiTxeba mamas: profesori RmerTs elaparakeba, raxan mas yvelafris Tqma SeuZlia winaswar? ra Tqma unda mosalodneli ar iyo rom axsna ganmartebis Semdeg hansi sruliad ganTavisfuldeboda Tavisi fobiebisagan, magram aRmoCnda, rom mas mieca Tavisi aracnobieri produqciis aRmoCenisa da fobiis garRvevis SesaZlebloba. Semdeg aRwerilia pacientis etapobrivi gaumjobeseba da SiSis Tanmimdevruli gaqarcylebis/klebis procesi. hansi Tavisi azrebis gamoTqmaSi ukidures sizustes aRwevs. is miaxvedrebs mamas, rom misadmi siyvaruli da aseve metoqeobis SegrZneba dedisadmi ltolvidan gamomdinare, es grZnobebi erTmaneTs ebrZvian da hansi gamoxatavs sayvedurs, rom mamam saTanado yuradReba ar miaqcia am grZnobebis TamaSs, romelic sabolood SiSSi gadaizarda. hansis fobia kidev ufro met detalur ganviTarebas iZens. mama ekiTxeba mas, Tu risi eSinia ase Zalian: me meSinia, rom cxenebi daecemian moxvevis dros. aseve is Relavs, rodesac satvirToebi moZraobas iwyeben. mas ufro metad eSinia satvirTo cxenebis, vidre patarebis, soflis cxenebis ufro metad, vidre eleganturebis (romlebic ekipaJebSi arian Sebmuli). mas aseve Zalian eSinia, rodesac satvirTo didi siswrafiT mieqaneba, vidre maSin rodesac cxenebi nela midian. es gansxvavebebe bolo dReebSi gamovlinda. SemiZlia avRniSno, rom analizis meSveobiT, ara marto pacienti, aramed misi fobiac ufro gabeduli gaxda. hansi Semdeg aRwers Tavis survils satvirToebze ZromialTan dakavSirebiT. froidi ambobs, rom hansis TamaSi datvirTul satvirToebTan dakavSirebiT sxva survilis simbolur da Canacvlebis xasiaTs atarebs, survilis romelic jer ar aris gamoTqmuli. SesaZlebelia gabedulad mogveCvenos, magram am survilis konstruireba exlave SeiZleba. mamasTan dialogSi vlindeba, rom hanss eSinia omnibusebis, vinaidan erTxel man dainaxa Tu rogor daeca cxeni omnibusSi. mas kidev ufro metad SeeSinda, rodesac davardnilma cxenma Cliqebis qneva daiwyo. froidi aRniSnavs Tu ramdenad universaluria msgavsi tipis fobia. is mimarTulia cxenebsa da ekipaJebze, cxenebis kbenasa da vardnaze, gansakuTrebuli niSanTvisebebis mqone cxenebze, satvirToebze, romlebis gadatvirTulia. gansakuTrebiT unda aRniSnos mamis mier gamokvleuli Semdegi punqti. gairkva fobiis gaCenis namdvili mizezi. momenti rodesac hansma didi mzidavi cxenis vardna dainaxa da mamis erT-erTi ganmarteba miuTiTebs imaze, rom hanss maSin surda mamac aseve waqceuliyo momkvdariyo. hansis mdgomareoba gaumjobesebisaken midis. misi qmedebis radiusi izrdeba. is mopirdapire trotuarze gadarbenasac ki bedavs. SiSi romelic mas gaaCnia mxolod omnibuss ukavSirdeba, am SiSis mizezi ar aris cnobili. 77

kidev erTi detali aris gaanalizebuli hansisa da mamis dialogSi. mama mas eubneba, rom icis ra SemTxvevaSi abakunebs fexebs hansi. hansi awyvetinebs da eubneba, rom maSin rodesac is gabrazebulia an sWirdeba lumpf-is gakeTeba (defekaciis aqti). mama eubneba, rom hansi maSinac abakunebs fexebs rodesac wiwi unda. froidi adasturebs, rom es asea, vinaidan bavSvma dasturi gamoTqva imiT, rom wiwi mounda. mama froids ekiTxeba Tu ras SeiZleba niSnavdes cxenis Cliqebis qneva. froidi pasuxobs, rom SesaZlebelia es hanss Sardis gaSvebis moTxovnilebasTan aqvs asocirebuli. hansi amas adasturebs saubris dros, rodesac miuTiTebs fexebis bakunis xmauris sxva mniSvnelobebzec. hansis deda mamas sayidlebis Sesaxeb esaubreba da yviTeli pantalonis demonstrirebisas hansi iZaxis fui. deda aRniSnavs, rom man ramodenimejer ukve gamoxata msgavsi damokidebuleba. hanss problemebi aqvs defekaciasTan dakavSirebiT da misi da mamis saubari am Temas ukavSirdeba. hanss imdenad gaZlierebuli koliti aqvs, rom dedamisma eqims mimarTa. eqimma daaskvna, rom kolitis mizezia gadametebuli kveba, rac Seesabameboda sinamdviles. kvebis klebis Semdeg mdgomareoba gaumjobesda, magram bolo dReebis ganmavlobaSi kuWSi Sekruloba gaxSirda. mimdinareobs saubari pantalonebTan dakavSirebiT. saubris dasasruls irkveva, rom hansi ityueba. am istoriis garkvevisaTvis froidi aRniSnavs, rom hansi pirferobs rodesac Tavis Tavs kmayofilad asaRebs am TemebTan dakavSirebiT saubrisas. rodesac mamis mimarT uxeSobas avlens es niRabis CamoSorebas niSnavs. saubari exeba iseT Temebs, romlebic misTvis adre didad sasiamovno iyvnen, exla ki gandevnis mdgomareobaSi es yvelaferi masSi sircxvilsa da usiamovnebas iwvevs. is ityueba rodesac dedis mier pantalonebis Cacma-gaxdaze saubrobs. sinamdvileSi pantalonebis Tema ukavSirdeba defekaciis sirTuleebs. mama ekiTxeba dedas yofila Tu ara SemTxveva rodesac hansi masTan erTad iyo kolzetSi. deda adasturebs amas. dasamaxsovrebelia es gandevnili siamovneba dedis defekaciis aqtis dros xilvasTan dakavSirebiT. mama esaubreba hanss cxenebis SiSis gaCenasTan dakavSirebiT, rodesac is da maspinZlis Svilebi gmundenSi TamaSobdnen ezoSi. mamas unda, rom hansma aRiaros fricis waqceva, magram hansi uaryofs (Tumca mogvianebiT gairkveva mamis varaudi swori aRmoCnda). Semdeg saubris Tema gadainacvlebs bertaze, romelic hansis sityvebiT interess gamoxatavda misi wiwimacher-is xilvasTan dakavSirebiT. dialogis ganmavlobaSi hansi aRiarebs, rom mas qonda imis survili, rom bertas da olRas wiwimacher-i enaxa. rodesac mama uebneba rom is ityueba da aseve dedis wiwimacher-is naxvis survilic qonda, hansi pasuxobs: dedis ra Tqma unda. Semdeg hansi saubrobs Tavisi SegrZnebebis Sesaxeb pantalonebTan dakavSirebiT. me vifurTxebodi imitom, rom Savi pantalonebi imdenad Savia, ramdenadac lumpf-i, xolo yviTeli rogorc wiwi, rodesac me maT vuyureb me meCveneba, rom minda wiwi. hansi aRiarebs rom mas eSinoda laincSi klozetSi siarulis imis gamo, rom rodesac wyali Cairecxeboda es iwvevda saSinel xmaurs. saxlSi es imdenad xmaurianad ar xdeba, magram mas mainc eSinia. froidi am monakveTis Sesaxeb Semdegi saxis daskvnas akeTebs. mama zedmet kiTxvebs svams da gamokvlevas awarmoebs mza gegmis mixedviT imis nacvlad, rom hanss yvelafris gamoTqmis saSualeba misces. Sedegad analizi gaurkveveli da saeWvoa. hansi Tavisi mimarTuleba aqvs, rodesac grZnobs rom am mimarTulebis Secvlas cdiloben is Cumdeba. rogorc Cans gaurkveveli mizezis gamo misi interesi mimarTulia lumpf-sa da wiwi-ze. xmaurTan dakavSirebuli istoria iseve bundovania rogorc istoria pantalonebis Sesaxeb. froidi fiqrobs rom hansis smenam moaxdina qalisa da mamakacis moSardvis gansxvaveba. analizma moaxdina masalis xelovnuri SekumSva da misi dayvana moSardvisa da defekaciis sxvaobamde. froidi aqve aRniSnavs, rom imaTTvis visac fsiqoanalizi ar ganuxorcielebia ar Rirs detalebis zedmiwevniTi gaTvaliswineba. 78

aRwerilia hasis kidev erTi fantazia: me vzivar abazanaSi, modis santeqniki da abazanis Camoxsnas iwyebs. Semdeg is iRebs did xelsawyos da mucelSi martyams. mama am fantazias Semdegnairad xsnis, rom santeqniki TiTon aris, abazanaSi yofna ki dedasTan loginSi wolasTan aris gaigivebuli. hansi kidev erT fantazias aRwers: Cven mivdivarT gmundenSi. gaCerebaze zeda kabis Cacmas viwyebT, magram ver vaswrebT da matarebels mivyavarT. Semdeg mama akavSirebs cxenis vardnas da defekaciis process. cxeni romelic vardeba da amasTanave did xmaurs gamoscems fexebiT aris lumpf-i, romelic vardnisas aseve did xmaurs gamoscems (hansi iZaxis rom rodesac cxeni lumpf-s akeTebs es aris iseTive xmauriani procesi rogorc rodesac lumpf-i qoTanSi vardeba). defekaciis SiSi, gadatvirTuli satvirTos SiSi gadatvirTuli muclis SiSis Sesabamisia. froidi aRniSnavs, rom mamisaTvis nel-nela vlindeba sinamdvile. hansi aRniSnavs rom kargi iqneboda gmundenSi abazana rom yofiliyo. aRwerilia hansis SiSi did abazanaSi banaobasTan dakavSirebiT. mas ar surs Cawola did abazanaSi is fexze, an muxlebze dgomiT arCevs banaobas. froidi aRniSnavs, rom es ukanaskneli sityvebi bolo or fantazias Soris (santeqnikisa da gmundenSi warumatebeli mgzavrobis Sesaxeb) kavSirs adgenen. bolo fantaziidan gamomdinare mamam swori daskvna gamoitana, gmundenis mimarT hanss siZulvili aqvs. amave dros aq warmodgenilia naTeli magaliTi, Tu rogor xdeba aracnobieridan gamomdinare Sinaarsebis gamorkveva ara winare, aramed momdevno masalaze dayrdnobiT. meuRle uyveba mamas, rom rodesac hansi iyo aivanze man uTxra dedas: me megona, rom ana aivanze iyo da Cavarda. mama xSirad eubneboda hanss rom miexeda anasTvis aivanze. aq sakmaod naTlad vlindeba hansis gandevnili survili. deda ekiTxeba mas ra ufro esiamovneboda rom ana saerTod ar arsebobdes? razec hansi damadastureblad pasuxobs. ramodenime dRis ganmavlobaSi anasTan dakavSirebuli Tema aqtualuria. hansi aRniSnavs, rom ukeTesi iqneboda werosTvis fuli miecaT, rom meti ar moetana bavSvebi didi yuTidan (froidi aRniSnavs, rom SesaZlebelia es yuTi igive omnibusia) erTxel hansi svams kiTxvas imis Sesaxeb, aris Tu ara damarxuli adamiani troruaris qveS, Tu es mxolod sasaflaoebze xdeba? froidi xazs usvams rom mas uCndeba kiTxva ara marto cxovrebis, aramed sikvdilis saidumloebasTan dakavSirebiTac. aqve moyvanilia hansis kidev erTi fantazia da aRniSnulia rom ana gaigivebulia lumpfTan: anam CvenTan erTad imgzavra gmundenSi, is yuTSi iyo. Sen aRar gjera Cemi? es sinamdvilea. Cven amoviReT didi yuTi, romelic savse iyo bavSvebiT, isini isxdnen iq abazanaSi (am yuTSi Tavsdeboda abazana). me isini iq Cavsvi. kargad maxsovs es. aq ukve gamoikveTa is, rom yuTi da abazana misTvis erTi da igivea da gaigivebulia im sivrcesTan sadac bavSvebi imyofebian. mama axsenebs mas, rom anam imgzavra oRond kupeSi. hansi aqve xazs usvams, rom is adrec mgzavrobda maTTan erTad oRond yuTSi. mama miuTiTebs, rom yuTi hansisTvis dedis mucelTan aris gaigivebuli. hansi iwyebs uazro fantazirebas, razec froidi Semdeg daskvnas akeTebs. es ar aris ubralod uazro fantazia. es aris hansis samagiero mamis mimarT, romelic daaxloebiT Semdegi Sinaarsisaa: Tuki Sen SegiZlia ifiqro, rom me mjera weroebis, maSin rodesac Cven zafxulSi gmundenSi mivdiodiT da me SevamCnie rom dedas didi muceli aqvs, me viTxov rom Senc exla es uazroba daijero. misi mtkiceba, rom anam gasul zafxulsac imgzavra gmundenSi, oRond yuTiT, niSnavs mis gacnobierebulobas dedis orsulobis Sesaxeb. is rom samomavlodac varaudobs yuTiT mgzavrobas, niSnavs warsulidan aracnobieri azrebis aRmocenebas, an kidev gansakuTrebul safuZvels SiSisa, rom zafxulis gamgzavrebisaTvis deda isev orsulad iqneba. aqve gamoikveTa mizezi imisa, Tu ram gaafuWa misi winare mgzavroba gmundenSi, - es misi meore fantaziidanac ikveTeba. Semdeg mama esaubreba anasTan dakavSirebiT da vlindeba rom hanss urCevnia rom ana saerTod ar gaCenliyo. rodesac deda mas abanavebs, hansi swored amitom fiqrobs rom is anas xels gauSvebs, ana wyalSi Cavardeba da mokvdeba. mama: da Semdeg Sen marto darCebi dedasTan? magram karg biWebs amis survili ar aqvT. 79

hansi: magram SeuZliaT ase ifiqron. mama: magram es xom cudia? hansi: rodesac isini ase fiqroben es kargia, vinaidan SeiZleba amis Sesaxeb profesors miweron. aRwerilia mamisa da hansis dialogi weros mier anas motanis Sesaxeb. mama cdilobs rom hansis mxridan anas da lumpf-Tan gaigivebis aRiareba moisminos. froidi eubneba mamas rom hansis fobia SesaZlebelia iyos dayvanili dis dabadebasTan dakavSirebul azrebsa da survilebamde. magram aqve froidi ambobs, rom mas gadaaviwyda mieqcia mamis yuradReba imaze, rom infantiluri seqsualuri Teoriis mixedviT bavSvi aris lumpf-i, ase rom hansma eqskrementaluri komleqsic unda daZlios. swored amis gamo mkurnalobis droebiTi Seyovneba moxda. am ganmartebis Semdeg mama cdilobs xelmeored moisminos hansis msjeloba am mniSvnelovani punqtis Sesaxeb. Semdeg aRwerilia hansis fantaziebi anasTan, werosTan, cxenTan da meetlesTan dakavSirebiT. hansi ramodenimejer aRniSnavs: yvelaferi rasac exla giyvebi ar aris simarTle, yvelaferi xumrobaa. Semdeg hansi saubrobs imis Sesaxeb rom man cxeni gamoiyvana sajinibodan imitom, rom misi cema undoda. mama ekiTxeba visi galaxva unda ufro metad, dedis, anasi Tu mamis? hansi pasuxobs: dedis. Semdeg rodesac isini quCaSi gadian hansi ambobs rom omnibusebi, avejis mzidavi da naxSiris mzidavi satvirToebi yvelaferi es weros yuTebia. es albaT niSnavs imas, rom isini gaigivebulia orsul qalebTan. Cveni saubris winare sadisturi ltolva etyova garkveul kavSirSia am TemasTan. diliT hansi kidev erTi fantaziis Sesaxeb yveba: matarebeli iyo laincSi, laincis bebiasTan erTad sabaJoSi gavemgzavre. Sen jer kidev ar Caxvedi xididan, xolo meore matarebeli ukve san-uatSi iyo. rodesac Sen Caxvedi, matarebeli ukve mosuli iyo da Cven vagonSi SevediT. (hansma moaxdina Tavisi gaqcevis fantaziis cvlileba da gamovida ise, rom Cven oriveni wavediT matarebliT. es fntazia ukavSirdeba gmundenSi warumatebeli vizitis fantazias). sadilis Semdeg hansi da mama saxlis win arian. rodesac maT wyvili ekipaJi Cauvlis, hansi saxlSi Serbis moulodnelad. mama ekiTxeba Tu ra mouvida. hansi pasuxobs rom cxenebi imdenad amayebi iyvnen rom mas SeeSinda. mama ekiTxeba vin aris aseTi amayi? hansi: Sen, rodesac me dedasTan loginSi wasvla minda. mama: e. i. Sen ginda rom me waviqce? hansi: rom Sen SiSvelma (is gulisxmobda fexSiSvelma, rogorc Tavis droze frici) fexi wamokra qvas, wamogivides sisxli. me SevZlebdi cota xniT mainc dedasTan darCenas. rodesac Sen Semoxval me gaviqcevi, rom Sen es ar dainaxo. mama: SegiZlia gaixseno vin waiqca? hansi: frici. mama: ras fiqrobdi rodesac frici waiqca? hansi: rom Sen wamokra fexi qvas da waiqce. mama: Zalian gindoda dedasTan? hansi: ho. mama: rogor fiqrob ratom vCxubob? hansi: ar vici!!! mama: ratom? hansi: imitom rom eWvianob. mama: es xom ar aris marTali. hansi: Sen eWvianob me es vici, es marTali unda iyos. mama Tvlis rom cxenis gabrazebis, galaxvis da misTvis yvirilis survili dedas ki ar ukavSirdeba, aramed TviT mas (mamas). hansma maSin dedaze miuTiTa, vinaidan ver gabeda sxva raimes aRiareba. froids ki Tavis mxriv gamoaqvs daskvna, rom hansis cxenis gabrazebis survili ormagia da Semdgaria dedisadmi bneli sadisturi grZnobisa da mamisadmi samagieros mizRvevis 80

gaurkveveli grZnobisagan. es ukanaskneli ver iqneboda reproducirebuli ufro adre, sanam orsulobis kompleqsTan dakavSirebiT pirvelis jeri ar dadga. fobiis warmoqmnisas aracnobieri azrebis Sededebis process aqvs adgili; amitomac fsiqoanalizis gzebi ver moaxdenen nevrozis ganviTarebis gzebis ganmeorebas. 22 aprili. dRes diliT hansma isev raRac ifiqra. erTi quCis biWi mgzavrobda vagonSi. movida gamcilebeli, gaaSiSvla biWi da datova iq dilamde, dilas biWma gamcilebels 50000 guldeni gadauxada, rom mas neba mieca emgzavra am vagoniT. aRsaniSnavia rom hansis fantazia gadaadgilebis niSnebTan aris dakavSirebuli da erTgvari Tanmimdevrobis dacviT cxenidan rkinigzisaken gadainacvlebs. quCis nebismier SiSs uerTdeba rkinigzis SiSic. aRwerilia hansis TamaSi TojinasTan. mTeli dila hansi eTmaSeboda Tojinas, romelsac gretas eZaxis. im xvrelSi sadac adre sastveni iyo, man dana SearWo, Semdeg ki imisaTvis rom dana amoeRo Tojinas fexebi moaglija. Semdeg Sesabamis adgilze miTiTebiT ZiZas uTxra: Sexede aq wiwimacher-ia. mamisa da hansis dialogi exeba weros da bavSvebis gaCenas. Semdeg mama cvlis saubris Temas da ekiTxeba hanss xvdeba Tu ara saidan Cndebian wiwilebi? Semdeg hansi fantaziorobs imasTan dakavSirebiT rom gmundenSi kvercxi dado. froidi ambobs, rom hansma analizis msvleloba xelT moigdo, vinaidan mSoblebi ayovnebdnen saWiro ganmartebebis micemas. is TiTqos eubneba maT: SexedeT, ai ase warmomidgenia me dabadeba. hansi esaubreba mamas TojinasTan TamaSis Sesaxeb. dialogSi SesamCnevia rom hansi ukve xvdeba bavSvebis dabadebisa da seqsualuri urTierTobebis Sinaarss. froidi aRniSnavs, rom bavSvi seqsualuri urTierTobebis arsebiT nawils bolomde ver xvdeba, sanam qaluri genitaliebi misTvis dafarulia. 24 aprils mSoblebi axerxeben hansisaTvis bavSvebis gaCenis ganmartebas. sadilis Semdeg isini saxlis win zian. hansis mdgomareoba SesamCnevad gaumjobesda, mxolod is garemoeba, rom hansi ver bedavs WiSkridan CamoSorebas misi SiSis narCenebze metyvelebs. hansisa da mamis saubari fricis cxvars exeba. Semdeg mama ekiTxeba hanss surs Tu ara rom mamis adgilze iyos. razec hansi dasturad pasuxobs. magram Tu ras gaakeTebda dedasTan amasTan dakavSirebiT hansi verafers ver ambobs. is xazs usvams rom kargi mama iqneboda da yoveldRe waiyvanda mamas (romelic hansi iqneboda) laincSi. mama ekiTxeba SeuZlia Tu ara hanss gaixsenos rogor gaaCina Zroxam xbo gmundenSi. hansi erTmaneTis gamomricxav pasuxebs iZleva. erTis mxriv is ambobs rom xbo urmiT moiyvanes (rac etyoba mas gmundenSi uTxres), meores mxriv ki iZaxis rom Zroxam igi ukanalidan gamouSva. hansi orWofobs xbos gaCenasTan dakavSirebiT, is ambobs rom diliT uremi dainaxa. Semdeg is gadawyvets am problemas imiT, rom xbos gaCenas mowmes mouZebnis, es aris gmundenis saxlis maspinZeli. aRwerilia hansisa da mamis dialogi bavSvebis yolasTan dakaSirebiT. mama sabolood ekiTxeba hanss surs Tu ara mas deda iyos misi coli. hansi mas udasturebs amas. gmundenidan dabrunebis Semdeg hansi xSirad fantaziorobs rom bavSvebi yavs. vinaidan yvelaze bednieri is dedasTan yofnisas iyo rogorc bavSvi, amitom TviTonac uCndeba dedobis survili. rodesac mama ekiTxeba mas ratom unda ase Zalian rom yavdes Svilebi. hansi pasuxobs sruliad urTierTgamomricxav raimes: ratom? imitom rom me ise minda myavdes Svilebi, magram me es ar msurs, me ar minda myavdes isini. es fantaziasa da realobas Soris sxvaobis msgavsi urTierTgamomricxavi ram aris. man icis rom sxva bavSvebi xels SeuSlian, magram amave dros surs rom is mofereba romelic bavSvobis asakSi ganucdia aseve sxvisadmi mimarTebaSi gaimeoros. 81

hansi yveba Tavisi Svilebis Sesaxeb. aseve asaxelebs vinme lodis, romelic mamis azriT ar arsebuli pirovnebaa. froidi aRniSnavs, rom SesaZlebelia hansi sadme Sexvda lodis da Semdeg igi qalis ideals miamsgavs (dedas). mama ekiTxeba esaubreba Tu ara igi Svilebs. hansi: Tu yvela bavSvi ar wveboda loginSi, zogierTs taxtze vawvendi, zogs ki sabavSvo etlSi. Tu kidev rCebodnen bavSvebi, me isini sxvenze mimyavda da yuTSi vawvendi; iq kidev iyvnen bavSvebi da me isini yuTSi Cavawvine. hansi iZaxis rom bavSvebi mas anas gaCenis Semdeg yavs. rodesac mama ekiTxeba Tu visgan yavs mas Svilebi. hansi pasuxobs: Cemgan. froidi xazs usvams rom autoerotizmis gaTvaliswinebiT sxva pasuxi arc iyo mosalodneli. mama hanss ekiTxeba rodesac is lumpf-s akeTebda xom ar fiqrobda rom bavSvi uCndeba. hansi dasturad pasuxobs. SiSma TiTqmis sruliad ganvlo. hansi ubralod cdilobs saxlTan axlos darCes, rom SeSinebis SemTxvevaSi dabrunebis SesaZlebloba qondes. magram is ar Semorbis saxlSi, is quCaSi rCeba. misi avadmyofoba daiwyo mas Semdeg rodesac is tiriliT dabrunda gaseirnebidan, xolo rodesac is meorejer waiyvanes gasaseirneblad is mxolod sabaJos sadguramde mivida, saidanac jer kidev moCans Cveni saxli. dedis mSobiarobis dros is ra Tqma unda misgan moSorebuli iyo da amJamindeli SiSi, romelic mas xels uSlis saxlisagan Sors wasvlaSi, dedisadmi maSindeli dardis Sesatyvisia. 30 aprils hansi isev eTamaSeba Tavis warmosaxul Svilebs. mama eubneba: rogor arian Seni Svilebi? Sen xom ici, rom biWs ar SeuZlia bavSvebi yavdes. hansi: vici. adre me deda viyavi, exla ki mama var. mama: vin aris am bavSvebis deda? hansa: deda, Sen ki babua xar. mama: e. i. Sen ginda rom iyo didi, gyavdes colad deda da rom mas yavdes Svilebi? hansi: ho, minda. is, romelic laincSia (bebia) iqneboda bebia. yvelaferi Zalian kargad sruldeba. patara oidiposma ufro bednieri gadawyveta moZebna, vidre es bedisweriT iyo ganpirobebuli. is mamas usurvebs imave bednierebas, rasac sakuTar Tavs, amitom mamas babuad aqcevs da sakuTar dedaze daaqorwinebs. hansi aRwers kidev erT fantazias. is eubneba mamas: sadilamde me Cems SvilebTan erTad viyavi klozetSi. iq gavakeTe lumpf-i da wiwi-i, isini miyurebdnen, Semdeg bavSvebmac gakeTes lumpf-i da wiwi-i, me maT qaRaldiT gavuwminde. ici ratom? imitom rom me minda myavdes bavSvebi. me maT yvelafers gavukeTebdi. am fantaziis Semdeg ukve zedmetia eWvis Setana hansis eqskrementalur funqciebTan dakavSirebul siamovnebaze. hansi fantaziorobs imasTan dakavSirebiT rom movida santeqniki da brtyeltuCaTi waarTva mas ukanali da Semdeg wiwimacher-i. mamamisi am fantazia-survilis azrs xvdeba da ekiTxeba hanss: man ufro didi wiwimacher-i da ukanali mogca? hansi: ho! hanss unda iyos iseTive rogoric aris mama, qondes iseTive ulvaSi da Tma. hansis winare fantazia abazanasTan dakavSirebiT am fantaziis identuria. aqve ixsneba hansis didi abazanebisadmi SiSis axleburi midgomac. mas ar siamovnebs rom misi ukanali zedmetad pataraa did abazanasTan SedarebiT. erTi kviris Semdeg mamis mier gakeTeuli danamati. Zvirfaso profesoro! minda hansis istorias danamati gavukeTo. 1pirveli gankurnebis Semdeg hansi modioda saseirnod, magram ZaldatanebiT da sakmaod SeSinebuli. erTxel is mxolod sadgur sabaJomde gamomyva, saidanac Cveni saxli moCans, Semdeg ki aRar moisurva wamosvla.

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2rac Seexeba sityvebs Jolos wveni da Tofi. Jolos wvens hanss aZleven Sekrulobis SemTxvevaSi. sityva Tofi hanss gaigivebuli aqvs kuWSi gasvlasTan (gemanulad es ori sityva gavs erTmaneTs). 3rodesac hansi Cveni saZineblidan sxva oTaxSi gadaiyvanes is 4 wlis iyo. 4avadmyofobis kvali jer kidev darCa, magram ara SiSis, aramed kiTxvebisadmi sruliad Cveulebrivi daJinebulobis saxiT. es kiTxvebi ZiriTadad exeba imas Tu risgan aris damzadebuli gansxvavebuli sagnebi (tramvaebi, manqanebi da a. S.) kiTxvebisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia is, rom miuxedvad TavisTvis arsebuli mza pasuxebisa, hansi mainc kiTxulobs. mas surs darwmuneba. rodesac man mama SeaRona Tavisi kiTxvebiT da ukanasknelma kiTxa: Sen ggonia, rom me yvela kiTxvaze maqvs mza pasuxi? hansi eubneba: me megona rom Sen esec icodi raxan cxenis Sesaxeb yvelaferi ici. 5Tavis avadmyofobaze hansi saubrobs rogorc warsulze: maSin, rodesac me sisulele mqonda. 6erTi gadauwyveteli sakiTxia is, rom hansi Tavs imtvrevs imasTan dakavSirebiT Tu ras akeTebs mama, Tuki bavSvs deda aCens. es Cans misi kiTxvebidan. xom marTalia rom me Senc gekuTvni da ara mxolod dedas. 7aseve aqve SeiZleba davamatoT, rom hansis ukanaskneli fantaziidan gamomdinare moxda kastraciis SiSis daZleva, amasTanave damqancveli molodini gaumjobesebis imedSi gadaizarda. modis eqimi, santeqniki, arTmevs mas peniss, magram mxolod imisaTvis, rom Semdeg ufro didi daubrunos. rac Seexeba danarCens, umjobesia patara mkvlevarma naadrevad SeiZinos gamocdileba da icodes rom SeZenili codna aris mxolod da mxolod kidev erTi safexuri da rom yovelTvis rCeba gadauwyveteli sakiTxebic.

masaTa fsiqologia da adamianis mes analizi


I Sesavali adamianis fsiqologiur cxovrebaSi yovelTvis arsebobs vinme sxva. is rogorc wesi warmoadgens magaliTs, obieqts, damxmares an mowinaaRmdeges, swored amitomac pirovnebis fsiqologia dasabamidanve warmoadgens socialur fsiqologiasac, farTe magram sarwmuno TvalsazrisiT. calkeuli pirovnebis damokidebuleba misi mSoblebis mimarT, misi siyvarulis obieqtisadmi, maswavleblisadmi da aseve misi eqimisadmi, yvela es urTierToba rac aqamde mxolod fsiqoanalitikuri kvlevis sagans warmoadgenda, sruliad uflebamosilad SesaZloa CaiTvalos socialur fenomenebad da upirispirdebian sxva cnobil procesebs, Cvens mier narcisistul procesebad wodebuli procesebi igulisxmeba, rodesac pirveladi ltolvebis dakmayofileba uaryofilia an xdeba gadatana. zemoT xsenebuli urTierTobebis SemTxvevaSi, mSoblebisadmi, ojaxis sxva wevrebisadmi, Seyvarebulisadmi, megobrisadmi da a. S. calkeuli pirovneba mxolod erTi an ramodenime pirovnebis gavlenas ganicdis, am ramodenime adamianidan TiToeuli misTvis gansakuTrebul faseulobas warmoadgens. masobrivi fsiqologia adamians ganixilavs rogorc Temis wevrs, romelic garkveul drosa da garkveuli mizezis gamo masaSi organizebas ganicdis. masobrivi fsiqologia mkvlevarisaTvis mraval problemas warmoaCens romlebic jer kidev ar arian sistematizirebuli. II le boni da masobrivi suliskveTebis miseuli daxasiaTeba fsiqologiis kvlevis sagans pirovnebis Seswavlis Semdgom warmoadgens brboSi adamianis sruliad moulodneli da sapirispiro qcevis Seswavla da axsna. brbos fsiqologiuri masis Tviseba aqvs SeZenili. magram ras warmoadgens TviT 83

masa? riTi axdens is zegavlenas adamianis cxovrebaze da raSi mdgomareobs is sulieri cvlileba, romelic axasiaTebs adamians misi (masis) zegavlenis gamo? le bonis sityvebiT, yvelaze ucnauri ram fsiqologiur masaSi aris is, rom miuxedavad imisa Tu rogori tipis individebi Seadgenen masas, emsgasebian isini erTmaneTs Tu ara inteligentobis doniT, xasiaTiT, cxovrebis niriT da a. S. rodesac isini masad gardaiqmnebian, isini iZenen koleqtiur suliskveTebas. am suliskveTebis safuZvelze, isini sruliad gansxvavebulad grZnoben, fiqroben da iqcevian, vidre calkeuli mdgomareobis SemTxvevaSi. arsebobs iseTi ideebi da grZnobebi, romelic mxolod im SemTxvevaSi vlindebian an xdeba maTi amoqmedeba, Tuki individi masasTan aris gaerTianebuli. martivia masasTan gaerTianebuli individis gansxvaveba izolirebul individTan, ufro rTulia am sxvaobis mizezebis gamokveTa. am SemTxvevaSi ukve didi mniSvneloba eniWeba aracnobier fenomenebs. Cveni qmedebebis umravlesoba dafaruli, CvenTvis SeumCneveli motivebis zemoqmedebas warmoadgenen. le bonis azriT masaSi ikargeba calkeuli adamianebis minaRwevarida aqedan gamomdinare maTi Taviseburebac. rasobrivi sawyisi win wamoiweva, heterogenuli homogenurSi iZireba. heterogenuloba zogadad, ganszvavebuloba, gamoiyeneba jgufebis, monacemebis, cvladebisa da a. S. aRsaniSnavad. romlebic instanciebs Soris mkveTr sxvaobas aCveneben. homogenuroba zogadad, msgavseba, igiveoba. gamoiyeneba gansxvavebul SemTxvevebSi, jgufis, sagnebis, monacemebis da a. S. aRsaniSnavad. termini aRniSnavs imas, rom nagulisxmevi sagnebi ar gansxvavdebian erTmaneTisagan arsebiTad da mniSvnelobis mxriv. amgvarad SesaZlebelia aRmocenebuliyo masobrivi individebis Sualeduri, saSualo xasiaTi. le boni Tvlis rom am individebs aseve gaaCniaT kidev sxva axali Tvisebebic, romelTac isini ar flobdnen adre da amis mizezs igi sam gansxvavebul momentSi aRmoaCens. pirveli mizezia is, rom simravlidan gamomdinare, individi simZlavrisa da Zlierebis SegrZnebas eufleba, romelic masSi pirvelad ltolvebs aRZravs. martoobis SemTxvevaSi is iZulebuli iqneboda es ltolvebi daeZlia. anonimurobis SenarCunebis SesaZleblobidan gamomdinare pasuxismgeblobis SegrZneba sruliad qreba, romelic individs akavebs yovelTvis. yovelTvis iyo aRniSnuli is rom egreT wodebuli sindisis marcvals, socialuri SiSi warmoadgens. meore mizezia is rom gadamdebia, es xels uwyobs masebSi gansakuTrebuli niSanTvisebebis warmoqmnas da maTi mimarTulebis gansazRvras. gadamdeboba aris advilad gadmosacemi, magram auxsneli fenomeni, romelic SesaZlebelia iyos mikuTvnebuli hipnoturi saxis fenomenebisadmi. mesame mizezia STagonebadoba, rac Seexeba gadamdebobis moments is mxolod da mxolod mis Sedegs warmoadgens. froids moyvanili aqvs hipnotirebis magaliTi, rom adamiani sruliad emorCileba im pirovnebas romelic mas cnobierebas arTmevs. swored aseTia im individis mdgomareobac, romelic fsiqologiur masas ganekuTvneba. is aRar acnobierebs sakuTar qmedebebs. aqedan gamomdinare masaSi myofi individis ganmasxvavebeli maxasiaTebelebia Semdegi saxis: cnobieri pirovnebis gaqroba, aracnobieri pirovnebis upiratesoba, STagonebadobis da gadamdebobis Sedegad azrTa da grZnobaTa orientacia erTsa da imave mimarTulebiT., STagonebuli ideebis dauyovnebeli ganxorcielebis tendencia. individi aRar warmoadgens pirovnebas, is ukve avtomatia. froidi cdilobs moaxdinos gadamdebobisa da STagonebadobis gansxvavebas. gadamdeboba ufro metad urTierTzemoqmedebas, masis calkeuli wevrebis mier erTmaneTze moxdenil gavlenas warmoadgens, xolo STagonebadobis movlena hipnozis zegavlenas ufro waagavs zegavlenas romelic gansxvavebuli wyarodan momdinareobs. am SemTxvevaSi le bons ar yavs dasaxelebuli is pirovneba romelic axdens hipnotur zegavlenas masaze. is ubralod ansxvavebs maT. 84

garda amisa, adamiani organizebuli masisadmi mikuTvnebulobis faqtidan gamomdinare civilizaciis ramodenime safexuriT qveviT gadainacvlebs. am SemTxvevaSi amoqmeddeba pirveladi ltolvebi. mas gaaCnia spontanuroba, veluroba, aseve enTuziazmica da primitiuli arsebebisaTvis damaxasiaTebli gmirobac ki. le boni TiTonve amtkicebs primitiuli adamianisa da bavSvis sulieri cxovrebis msgavsebis faqts. masa impulsuria, cvalebadi da aRgznebadic. aracnobieri TiTqmis sruliad xelmZRvanelobs am SemTxvevaSi. impulsebi SesaZloa gansxvavebuli xasiaTis iyvnen, Tumca yvela SemTxvevaSi isini mbrZanebluri saxis arian, imdenad rom ar aZleven saSualebas ara mxolod piradi interesis aramed TviTgadarCenis instinqtis amoqmedebasac ki. nebisyofis mdgradoba sustia. masis SigniT myof individs uqreba SeuZlebelis cneba. masa advilad eqvemdebareba zegavlenas, is ar aris kritikuli, misTvis ar arsebobs raime arasarwmuno. misi azrovneba umyareba asociaciuri kavSirebiT warmoebul iersaxeebs, rac damaxasiaTebelia calkeuli adamianisaTvis fantazirebis mdgomareobaSi / SemTxvevaSi. masisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia ukiduresobamde misvla, gamoTqmuli daeWveba, umalve uryev WeSmaritebad iqceva, antipatiis marcvali ki dauokebel siZulvilad gadaiqceva. Tavisi gmirisagan masa siZlieres da Zaladobasac ki moiTxovs. mas surs rom is vinmes mflobelobis qveS iyos, mas surs Tavisi batonis eSinodes. safuZvelSi is konservatulia, mas Rrma siZulvili aqvs yovelgvari siaxlisa da progresis mimarT da is eTayvaneba tradiciebs. aseve SeiZleba aRiniSnos calkeuli individis zneobrivi sawyisis amaRleba masis zegavleniT. Tumca masis inteleqtualuri miRwevebi yovelTvis mcirea calkeuli individis minaRwevarebTan SedaebiT. kidev sxva daxasiaTebebi le bonis mixedviT saSualebas aZleven froids gaaigivos masis suliskveTeba primitiuli adamianis suliskveTebasTan. SesaZlebelia rom masebSi arsebobdnen da SeTanxmebuli iyvnen sruliad sapirispiro ideebi da maTi logikuri dapirispirebulobis miuxedavad mainc ar aRmocendes konfliqti. msgavsi ram aris SesamCnevi calkeuli pirebis aracnobier sulier cxovrebaSi, bavSvebTan da nevrotikebTan, rac ukve damtkicebulia fsiqoanaliziT. masebisaTvis arasodes ar iyo Cveuli WeSmaritebis wyurvili. maTTvis sruliad aucilebelia iluziebi, romelTa gareSec isini ver arseboben. le bonis ganmartebis mixedviT masa aris damjeri fara, romelsac sWirdeba batoni. masSi imdenad Warbobs morCilebis wyurvili, rom is emorCileba nebismiers, vinc ki ganacxadebs Tavs batonad. kidev erTi idumali Zalaufleba romelsac aRniSnavs le boni aris prestiJi. prestiJi TavisTavad Taviseburi batonobis formaa, romelic gaaCnia individs, qmedebas an raime ideas. le boni ganasxvavebs SeZenil, xelovnur an pirad prestiJs. TiToeuli prestiJi damokidebulia warmatebaze da isikargeba warumateblobis SemTxvevaSi. III koleqtiuri sulieri cxovrebis sxva Sefasebebi froidi wers rom le bonis arc erTi mtkiceba ar warmoadgens siaxles. is ori Tezisi, romelic moicavs le bonis yvelze mniSvnelovan mosazrebebs, kerZod is faqti, rom koleqtiuri inteleqtualuri moRvaweoba ferxdeba da masaSi afeqturoba ganicdis amaRlebas, es mosazrebebi jer kidev zigeles mier iyo formulirebuli. piradad le bonis mosazrebas warmoadgens misi Sexeduleba aracnobierze da Sedareba pirvelyofili adamianebis sulier cxovrebasTan. Tumca am TemasTan dakavSirebiTac manamde mravali mosazreba iyo gamoTqmuli. 85

Tumca ara mxolod negatiuri Tvisebebi iyo aRniSnuli izolirebuli individisaTvis piradi sargebeli erTaderT biZgis momniWebel mizezs warmoadgens, maSin rodesac masisaTvis is iSviaT SemTxvevaSi aris mastimulirebeli. rac Seexeba masis inteleqtualur SesaZleblobebs, am SemTxvevaSic masas gaaCnia garkveuli SesaZleblobebi. amis dasturia Tundac xalxuri Semoqmedeba, folklori da sxva. garda amisa, jer kidev ar aris cnobili Tu ramdenad mZlavria poetisaTvis an moazrovnesaTvis masisagan miRebuli stimulebi da warmoadgens Tu ara is am masis sulieri Semoqmedebis damagvirgvinebels / damasrulebels. zigelesa da le bonis monacemebi miekuTvneba moklevadiani saxis masebs, romlebic swrafad warmoiqmnebian da gaaCniaT erTiani interesi. amis sapirispiro mtkicebebi aris mocemuli im mdgradi masebis Sefasebidan gamomdinare, romlebSic adamianebi cxovroben da romlebic sazogadoebriv dawesebulebebSi arian gardasaxuli. pirveli saxis masebi meore saxis masebis zednaSens warmoadgenen, am SemTxvevaSi froids zRvisa da talRebis magaliTi moaqvs metaforis saxiT. mas dugalis naSromis The Group Mind mixedviT, SemTxveviT Sekrebil adamianebs Soris masis fsiqologiuri maxasiaTeblebi rom aRmocendes aucilebelia piroba imisaTvis, rom am erTeulebs raime akavSirebdes: saerTo interesi erTi obieqtisadmi, am situaciis Sesabamisi sulieri momarTuloba, urTierTzemoqmedebis garkveuli done. mak dugali xazs usvams masis umniSvnelovanes da amave dros ucnaur fenomens, romelic gamoixateba afeqturobis amaRlebaSi. mas dugalic ar uaryofs im Teziss, romlis Tanaxmadac masebis inteleqti koleqtiurad klebulobs. is ambobs, rom SedarebiT umniSvnelo inteleqtebs maRali inteleqti Tavis doneze dayavT. es gamowveulia imiT, rom ukanasknelis qmediTunarianoba daqveiTebulia afeqturobis matebidan gamomdinare, rac araxelsayrel pirobebs qmnis sulieri moRvaweobisaTvis; aseve gavlena gaaCnia im faqtsac rom calkeuli adamiani SeSinebulia masiT da misi gonebrivi muSaoba ar aris Tavisufali da damoukidebeli. amave dros masaSi klebulobs calkeuli adamianis pasuxismgeblobis SegrZneba Tavis qmedebebTan dakavSirebiT. vinaidan mak dugali upirispirebs maRalorganizebuli masis moqmedebas zemoT aRwerili masis magaliTs, is gamoyofs xuT principal conditions (principul / Zireul pirobas) masis sulieri cxovrebis ufro maRal safexurze gadasvlisaTvis. pirveli ZiriTadi piroba aris masis Semadgenlobis mdgradobis garkveuli done. SesaZlebelia materialuri an formaluri. meore pirobaa is, rom calkeulma adamianma masis arsis, funqciebis, miRwevebisa da moTxovnilebebis Sesaxeb warmodgena Seiqmnas, imisaTvis rom mas Camouyalibdes masis mimarT rogorc erTi mTlianis mimarT garkveuli saxis emociuri damokidebuleba. mesame masa unda Sevides garkveul urTierTobaSi misi Sesaferis masebTan, SesaZloa es iyo konkurentuli damokidebulebac ki. meoTxe masaSi unda arsebobdes tradiciebi, adapt-wesebi da garkveuli wesebi, gansakuTrebiT iseTi wesebi romelic exeba masis SigniT myofi adamianebis urTierTobebs. mexuTe masaSi unda arsebobdes qveganyofilebebi, romelic gamoixateba TiToeuli adamianis soecializaciasa da samuSaos doferenciaciaSi. mas dugalis mixedviT am elementebis arseboba xels uwyobs masis warmonaqmnis fsiqikuri defeqtebis CamoSorebas. IV STagonebadoba da libido froidi aRniSnavs rom mxolod racionaluri momentebis arseboba, rogorc zemoT iyo aRniSnuli masis SiSi ar amowuravs masis fenomenis axsnas. sociologiisa da masobrivi fsiqologiis avtorebi gvTavazoben erTsa da imave axsna-ganmartebas, Tumca is gansxvavebulad aris xolme formulirebuli. 86

kerZod magiuri sityva STagonebadoba. Tardis mixedviT ki mimbaZveloba. mak dugali aRniSnavs rom mimbaZveloba swored STagonebis cnebaSi Sedis da mxolod da mxolod mis Sedegs warmoadgens. le boni yvela gaugebar moments or faqtors miawers, individTa urTierTzegavlenas da beladis prestiJs. Tumca aseve prestiJic vlindeba swored STagonebis ganvrcobis unaridan gamomdinare. froidi masobrivi fsiqologiis garkvevis mcdelobas libidos cnebis gamoyenebiT cdilobs. libido aris termini afeqturobis sferos swavlebidan. am pirveladi ltolvebis energies froidi ukavSirebs yvelafers rac ki siyvarulis cnebas ukavSirdeba. siyvarulis pirvelad ltolvebs fsiqoanalizi uwodebs pirvelad seqsualur ltolvebs. froidi amtkicebs, rom is vinc seqsualobaSi xedavs raime umsgavsoebas da damamcirebels, Tavisufalia ufro aristokratuli cnebebis gamoyenebisaTvis erosi an erotica. froidi iZaxis rom mas TiTonac SeeZlo aseve moqceuliyo Tavi rom daeRwia masobrivi kritikisagan. magram is Tvlis rom SesaZloa erTi daTmoba mere kidev sxva daTmobas iwvevdes da ase SesaZloa sruliad Sedegi yofiliyo saxeze. aqedan gamomdinare is iyvenebs im winapirobas, rom sasiyvarulo urTierTobebi (Tuki upirovnod iqneba formulirebuli emociuri kavSirebi) aseve masis sulis arss warmoadgenen. pirvel yovlisa froidi gamoyofs im Zalas romelic aerToanebs masebs. is kiTxvas svams imasTan dakavSirebiT Tu romeli Zala unda iyos is Tu ara erosisa, romelic yovelives aerTianebs dedamiwaze? aseve rodesac individi kargavs Tavis pirovnulobas, da aerTianebs sakuTar mosazrebas masobrivTan, masis mxridan es interpretirebulia rogorc SesaZlo siyvarulidan gamomdinare qmedeba im siyvarulidan romelic am individs masis mimarT gaaCnia. V ori xelovnuri masa: eklesia da jari froidi ixsenebs masebis morfologiidan rom arsebobs gansxvavebuli saxeobebi masebis, aseve masebis ganviTarebis sapirispiro mimarTulebebi. arseboben sakmaod denadi da mdgradi masebic; homogenuri msgavsi individebisagan Semdgari da ara homogenuri; xelovnuri da bunebrivi, xelovnurs am SemTxvevaSi SekrulobisaTvis esaWiroeba garegani iZuleba / impulsi. froidi ganixilavs or xelovnur masas eklesiasa da jars, romelTa SemTxvevaSic aucilebelia garegani iZuleba, imisaTvis rom maTi daSla ar moxdes da maTi struqtura ar iyos Secvlili. Cveulebriv aravis ar ekiTxebian aqvs Tu ara mas survili iyos am masis wevri; xolo Tavis daRwevis mcdeloba mkacrad idevneba an ukavSirdeba sruliad gansazRvrul pirobebs. froidis mosazrebiT orive am masis erTianobas ganapirobebs iluziis arseboba, rom arsebobs uzenaesi mflobeli, romelic masis TiToeuli wevri Tanabrad uyvars eklesiis SemTxvevaSi es aris qriste, xolo jaris SemTxvevaSi mTavarsardali. froidi iZleva axsna ganmartebas Tanabaruflebiani siyvarulis Sesaxeb eklesiisa da jaris SemTxvevebSi. Tumca is ganasxvavebs struqturas, jari gansxvavdeba eklesiisagan imiT rom safexureobrivi masebis struqturisagan Sedgeba. froidi aRniSnavs, rom samxedro nevrozebis umetesoba ramac germanuli jaris ngreva ganapiroba, gamowveuli iyo im rolisadmi protestis gamo romelic miniWebuli qonda individs jarSi. zimelis mtkicebidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia davaskvnaT, rom avadmyofobis gamomwvevi mizezebidan yvelaze xSiri iyo mTavarsardalis xisti damokidebuleba Tavisi qveSevrdomis mimarT. froidi isev amtkicebs rom masis arss warmoadgenen misi libidonozuri kavSirebi, amis magaliTia Tundac panikis fenomeni, romelic warmoadgens masis daSlis Sedegs. am SemTxvevaSi SiSi imdenad aris gaZlierebuli rom faravs yvelanairi kavSirebis mniSvnelobas. Tuki panikuri SiSis SemTxvevaSi calkeuli individi mxolod sakuTar Tavze zrunvas iwyebs, amiT is adasturebs im faqts rom is afeqturi kavSirebi, romlebic 87

misTvis mniSvnelobis mqone iyo aqamde da rac amcirebda saSiSroebis SegrZnebas, amJamad ukve kargaven sazriss. am viTarebis arsi aris is rom masis libidonozuri struqtura sustdeba panikuri SiSidan gamomdinare da libidonozuri kavSirebi iRupebian / wydebian. froidi aRniSnavs, rom Tuki daveTanxmebiT mak dugals, romelic panikas ganixilavs rogorc group mind-is yvelaze mkveTr Sedegebs, maSin saxezea paradoqsi imisa, rom masobrivi suli erT-erTi Tavisi gamovlinebidan gamomdinare Tavis Tavs anadgurebs / TviTganadgurebamde midis. froidi aRniSnavs, rom nebismieri religia, miuxedavad imisa, rom is dafuZnebulia siyvarulze sxvebisadmi da amave dros siyvarulze sxvebis mxridan da aseve is erTdroulad daundobeli da mkacria maT mimarT vinc ar warmoadgens mis kuTvnilebas. froidis azriT, Tuki religiuris nacvlad raime sxva saxis kavSiri gaCndeba da is moixseniebs socializms, maSin am SemTxvevaSic is vinc ar iqneba Tanamoazre mis mimarT damokidebuleba daundobeli da mkacri iqneba. VI samuSaos momdevno amocanebi da mimarTulebebi masaTa morfologiaSi arsebobs kidev mravali sakiTxi, romelTa kvleva da aRwera aucilebelia. morfologia 1) biologiaSi organizmebis formisa da struqturis analizi. 2) lingvistikaSi, enis analizi morfimis donis mixedviT. SesaZlebelia mxolod im faqtidan gamomdinare vimsjeloT, rom ubralo adamianTa dajgufeba jer kidev ar warmoadgens masas, sanam mis SigniT ar Camoyalibebula zemoT moxsenebuli kavSirebi, Tumca aqve SeiZleba aRiniSnos rom nebismier adamianTa dajgufebaSi Seimcneva fsiqologiuri masis Camoaylibebis tendencia. froidi cdilobs imis garkvevas Tu rogoria adamianebis damokidebuleba afeqturi sferos mxriv. Sopenhaueris cnobili Sedarebis Tanaxmad, iyinebian da maT msgavsad verc erTi adamiani ver uZlebs sxva adamianis gadametebulad intimur daaxlovebas. fsiqoanalizis mtkicebiT nebismieri saxis grZelvadiani intimuri emociuri kavSiri moicavs uarmyofel da mtrul ganwyobebsa da SegrZnebebs. is, rom mkveTri sxvaobidan gamomdinare aRmocendeba rTulad gadasalaxavi antipatia ukve kacobriobisaTvis cveuli gaxda. froids moyavs TeTrkanianebisa da feradkanianebis magaliTi da bevri sxva. am SemTxvevaSi is aRniSnavs grZnobaTa ambivalentobis Sesaxeb, rodesac mtruli ganwyoba mimarTulia sayvareli adamianebis mimarT. amgvari mouTmenlobis SegrZneba qreba masis aRmocenebisa da masisadmi mikuTvnebulobis SemTxvevaSi. fsiqoanalizidan gamomdinare vlindeba rom arsebobs emociuri kavSiris kidev sxva meqanizmebic egreT wodebuli identifikaciebi (gaigivebani), es procesebi ar arian kargad cnobili da maTi aRwera sakmaod rTulia, maTi kvleva ramodenime xniT Seayovnebs masaTa fsiqologiis Temis ganxilvas. VII identifikacia fsiqoanalizis mixedviT identifikacia warmoadgens sxva adamianTan emociuri kavSiris gamovlenas, rogorc yvelaze adreul movlenas. froids iZleva oidiposis kompleqsis ganmartebas. aseve mas moyavs kaciWamias magaliTi, romelic moazrebulia rogorc oraluri fazis mdgomareoba, rodesac Rirebul da sasurvel obieqtTan SeerTebis survili dakmayofilebulia am obieqtis STanTqmiT. am SemTxvevaSi es obieqti ganadgurdeba. kaciWamias es principi 88

gaTavisebuli aqvs mas mtrebi imdenad uyvars rom unda SeWamos isini, xolo vinc ar uyvars imas ar Wams. rogorc ukve cnobilia, identifikacia emocionaluri kavSiris yvelaze adreul da pirvandel formas warmoadgens, simptomebis warmoqmnis pirobebSi xdeba ise, rom obieqturi arCevani isev identifikaciaSi vlindeba, anu me obieqtis Tvisebebs gaiSinagnebs. mesame da sakmaod xSir SemTxvevas warmoadgens is, rom identifikacia sruliad moklebulia obieqtur damokidebulebas im piris mimarT romlis kopirebac xdeba. froids moyavs pansionSi gogonas mier miRebul sasiyvarulo werilTan dakavSirebiT eWvianobis Seteva, romelic gadaedeba sxva gogonebsac. simptomis gavliT identifikacia orive me-sTvis maTi pirovnebis romelime nawilis urTierTgadafarvis maCvenebels warmoadgens, im nawilisa romelic gandevnili unda iyos. am sami wyarodan miRebuli cnobebi SesaZlebelia iyos reziumirebuli Semdegi saxiT: pirveli identifikacia warmoadgens yvelaze pirvelad formas obieqtTan emociuri kavSirisa, meore regresuli gziT, obieqtis introeqciis saxiT me-Si, is libidonozuri obieqturi kavSiris Senacvlebas warmoadgens, da mesame is SesaZlebelia aRmocendes nebismieri msgavsebis aRmocenebis SemTxvevaSi, saerTo maxasiaTeblis mqone pirTan, romelic ar warmoadgens pirveladi seqsualuri ltolvebis obieqts. froids moyavs homoseqsualis magaliTi, rogor ganicdis is identifikacias dedasTan da aqedan gamomdinare irCevs iseT obieqts romelic mas iseve moefereba rogorc deda. kidev erTi magaliTi obieqtis aseTi introeqciisa aris melanqolia, afeqti, romelic Tavisi warmoqmnis erT-erT Zireul mizezad sayvareli obieqtis danakargs ganixilavs. VIII Seyvarebuloba da hipnozi froidi amtkicebs, rom mTeli rigi SemTxvevebidan gamomdinare Seyvarebuloba warmoadgens fsiqikur Sepyrobilobas obieqtiT, romelic nakarnaxevia pirveladi seqsualuri ltolvebiT da seqsualuri dakmayofilebis miznebiT, xolo miznis miRwevis Semdgom is qreba; es aris swored is, rasac uwodeben ucvlel, grZnobad siyvaruls. Tumca libidonozuri situacia iSviaTad aris aseTi martivi saxis. is faqti rom dakmayofilebuli moTxovnileba isev aRmocendeba ganapirobebs obieqtisadmi siyvaruls im droiTi monakveTis ganmavlobaSic rodesac ltolva ar aris. aqve froidi aRniSnavs pirveladi ltolvebis mimarTulebebis Sesaxeb, bavSvis cxovrebis pirveli xuTi wlis ganmavlobaSi. Semdeg ki, mowifulobisas Cndeba axali intensiuri miswrafebebi, romlebic pirdapir seqsualur miznebzea mimarTuli. am SemTxvevaSi mamakaci ganicdis ltolvas im qalebis mimarT romelTac maRalfardovnad afasebs, magram mas ar uCndeba am qalTan sasiyvarulo urTierTobis survili, is am SemTxvevaSi potenturia mxolod im qalebTan romlebic ar uyvars, is SesaZloa maT ver itandes kidevac. Tumca ufro xSir SemTxvevaSi, mamakacs aqvs unari garkveuli saxis sinTezi awarmoos, ugrZnobi zeciuri siyvarulis da mgrZnobiare, miwieri siyvarulisa. siyvarulis siRrme SesaZlebelia iyos gazomili nazi mizandabrkolebuli instinqtebisa da ubralo grZnobiTi ltolvis Soris arsebuli SedarebiT. Seyvarebulobis SemTxvevaSi obieqts epyrobian rogorc sakuTar mes, rac niSnavs imas, rom Seyvarebulobisas narcisistuli libidos umetesi nawili gadaitaneba obieqtze. obieqtis arCevanis zogierT SemTxvevaSi SesamCnevia rom obieqti sakuTari miuRwevari me-idealis Canacvlebas warmoadgens. 89

obieqtma me idealis adgili daikava. froids moyavs Tavganwirvis magaliTebi da a. S. am SemTxvevaSi advilia identificirebulobisa da Seyvarebulobis gansxvaveba, Seyvarebulobis umaRlesi gamovlinebebis CaTvliT, romelTac uwodeben fascinacias da Seyvarebul damokidebulobas / sasiyvarulo damokidebulebas. identifikaciis SemTxvevaSi obieqti dakargulia an mas uaryofen, Semdeg ki isev aris aRmocenebuli me-Si, amasTanave me nawilobriv icvleba dakarguli obieqtis magaliTis safuZvelze. froidi amtkicebs rom Seyvarebuloba Sors ar aris hipnozisagan. maTi Sesabamisoba TvalnaTlivia. yovel eWvs gareSe hipnotiziori me-idealis adgils ikavebs. hipnoturi kavSiri aris usazRvro Seyvarebuli Tavganwirva ( ), romelic gamoricxavs seqsualur dakmayofilebas, maSin rodesac Seyvarebulobis SemTxvevaSi is droebiT aris gandevnili da rCeba ukana planze rogorc gviandeli miznobrivi SesaZlebloba. hipnozi mSvenivrad axsnida masis konstituciis libidonozur gamocanas, TviT mas rom ar gaaCndes zogierTi iseTi Tviseba, romelic ar eqvemdebareba arsebul racionalur axsnas, rogorc Seyvarebulobis mdgomareobas romelic gamoricxavs pirdapir seqsualur miznebs. bevri ram aris jer kidev masSi gaugebari da mistikuri. froidi aseve aRniSnavs, rom sruli sugestiuri morCilebis miuxedavad hipnotirebulis moraluri sindisi SesaZlebelia winaaRmdegobas gamoxatavdes / iCendes. amgvari garCevis safuZvelze SesaZlebelia masis formulis Seqmnac. amgvari pirveladi masa warmoadgens individTa garkveul raodenobas, romelTac Tavis meidealad erTi da igive obieqti aqcies da amis Sedegad Tavis me-Si identificirebuloba ganicades. grafikulad es damokidebuleba Semdegnairad SeiZleba aisaxos: IX jogis instinqti froidi aRniSnavs masis SemTxvevaSi inteleqtis daqveiTebis ukve ganxilul fenomens. iqmneba iseTi mdgomareobis / viTarebis STabeWdileba, sadac calkeuli emociuri wamowyeba, sawyisi da individis piradi inteleqtualuri aqti zedmetad sustia imisaTvis rom gancalkevebulad gamovlindes da aucileblad unda iyos dadasturebuli sxvebis mier, imisaTvis rom srulad gamovlindes. sugestiuri zegavlenis amocana ganvrcobas ganicdis, Tuki vaRiarebT rom msgavsi zegavlena ara mxolod beladisagan momdinareobs, aramed TiToeuli individisagan sxva individzea momarTuli. sugestia 1) vinmesTvis biZgis micema saimisod rom garkveuli mimarTulebis mqone qceva ganaxorcielos, miiRos garkveuli mosazreba / Sexeduleba / Tvalsazrisi an daijeros raime, arapirdapiri meTodebis gamoyenebiT. termini gamoiyeneba mxolod maSin, rodesac aranairi saxis Zaldataneba, argumenti, brZaneba ar aris gamoyenebuli sasurveli cvlilebebis gamowvevisaTvis. 2) am procesis ganmavlobaSi gamoyenebuli sityvieri an xatovani komunikacia. froids moyavs troteris wignis magaliTi sadac miTiTebulia, rom jogisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli fsiqikuri fenomenebi SeiniSneba masis SemTxvevaSic da rom isini adamianisTvisac arian damaxasiaTebeli msgavsad sxva cxovelebisa. biologiurad es joguroba mravalujredianobis analogiasa da gagrZelebas warmoadgens, xolo libidos Teoriis mixedviT yvela msgvsi cxovelis erTian ufro msxvil erTeulebad gaerTianebis midrekilebis momdevno gamoxatulebas. jogi yvelanair siaxlesa da uCveulobas uaryofs. joguri instinqti aris raRac pirveladi da SemdgomSi ganuwevrebeli. 90

troteri mTel rig pirvelad ltolvebs gamoyofs: TviTdamkvidrebis instinqti, kvebis, sqesobrivi da joguri instinqti. maSin rodesac le bonma mimdinare damaxasiaTebeli masis warmonaqmnebi aRwera, xolo mak dugalma stabiluri masobrivi warmonaqmnebi, troterma Tavisi interesi SeaCera gavrcelebul SenaerTebze, romelSic cxovrobs adamiani da maTi fsiqologiuri dafuZneba moaxdina. joguri instinqti adgils ar utovebs belads, misTvis ar aris saWiro beladis arseboba, jogs ar gaaCnia RvTaebis arsebobis moTxovnileba, jogs mxolod mwyemsi esaWiroeba. magram toteris Teoria SesaZloa iyos dangreuli Tuki iqneba gaTvaliswinebuli albaToba imisa, rom joguri instinqti ar warmoadgens erTianobas, is ar aris pirveladi TviTgadarCenisa da sqesobriv instinqtTan SedarebiT. froids moyvanili aqvs magaliTi imisa, rom bavSvs eSinia rodesac igi marto rCeba da is amtkicebs rom es SiSi ar gamomdinareobs joguri instinqtis arsebobidan, vinaidan am SemTxvevaSi bavSvi kidev ufro metad iwyebs nerviulobas Tuki vinme ucxos xedavs, vinc sinamdvileSi am jogis warmomadgenelia realurad. is swored dedisadmi siyvarulis gamovlinebis SeuZleblobis gamo aris Sewuxebuli da am moTxovnilebis daukmayofileblobis gamo iZulebulia is SiSad gaaqcios. aseve froids moyavs musikosis mimarT siyvaruliT ganmsWvaluli gulSematkivrebis dajgufebis magaliTic. am SemTxvevaSi qalebi ar upirispirdbian erTmaneTs miuxedavad imisa, rom maT erTi sasiyvarulo obieqti gaaCniaT, piriqiT isini SeTanxmebulad moqmedeben, rogorc erTi masa da mzad arian gainawilon Tavisi nadavli raime aqsesuari Tavisi kumiris da a. S. am SemTxvevaSi froidi amtkicebs, rom Tuki instinqtis situacias ZaluZs gansxvavebuli saxis gamovlinebebi iqonios, ar iqneba ucnauri Tuki im saxis gamovlineba iqneba miRebuli, romelic dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobas ukavSirdeba, vinaidan is sxva gamovlineba SeuZlebeli aRmoCnda, radgan am miznis ganxorcielebis realuri pirobebi ar aris daSvebuli. is rac SemdgomSi sazogadoebaSi aRmocendeba korporatiulobis suliskveTebisa da a. S. saxiT, ar gamoricxavs im faqts rom pirvelyovlisa misi wyaro aris pirveladi Suri. am SemTxvevaSi froidi xazs usvams gaTanabrebis daJinebul moTxovnilebas da moyavs sifilisiT daavadebulTa magaliTi. maTi SiSi infeqciis mimarT aixsneba fsiqoanalizis mier rogorc aracnobieri survili infeqciis gavrcelebisa. aseve moyvanili aqvs im dedis magaliTic visac Svili gardaecvala da surs rom sxvasac ewvios igive bedi. X masa da pirvelyofili 1912 wels froidma miiRo darvinis varaudi imis Sesaxeb, rom kacobriobis sazogadoebis pirvelyofil formas warmoadgenda tomi, romelSic ganagebda yvelaze Zlieri mamri. masa aris kvlav gacocxlebuli pirvelyofili tomi, msgavsad imisa, rogorc TiToeul adamianSi aris SenarCunebuli pirvelyofili adamiani, aseve nebismieri dajgufebisagan SesaZlebelia aRmocendes pirvelyofili tomi. froidi ganasxvavebs masis calkeuli individebis dakavSirebulobas da beladis Tavisuflebas. misi inteleqtualuri aqtebi damoukidebelia da ar saWiroebs ganmtkicebas sxvaTa mxridan. froidi xazs usvams rom siyvaruli aris Semofargluli narcisizmiT, am zemoqmedebis Sedegad SesaZlebelia ganimartos Tu rogor gardaiqmna siyvaruli kulturul faqtorad. tomis mamaTmTavari jer kidev ar iyo ukvdavi, rogoradac is gardaiqmna SemdgomSi gaRmerTebis Sedegad. rodesac is iRupeboda unda momxdariyo misi 91

Senacvleba. mis adgils ikavebda misi umcrosi Svili, romelic iqamde masis individi iyo, yvela danarCenis msgavsad. mamaTmTavari aiZulebda mis Svilebs seqsualuri miswrafebebisagan Tavi SeekavebinaT. misi seqsualuri Suri da mouTmenloba saboloo jamSi masis fsiqologiad gadaiqceva. pirvelyofili tomis pirobebis idealistur gadamuSavebas warmoadgens eklesiisa da jaris organizaciis konstitucia, romlis saSualebas warmoadgens iluzia Tanabaruflebiani da Tanaswori siyvaruli Sesaxeb RmerTisa da mTavarsardalis mxridan. pirvelyofili tomis SemTxvevaSi yvela vaJiSvilma icoda, rom mama maT Tanabrad devnis da misi Tanabrad Tanasworad eSinoda yvelas. froidi ixsenebs hipnozisa da STagonebulobis cnebebs. is xazs usvams im idumal Zalas romelic gamoiyeneba hipnotizioris mier. es Zala xSir SemTxvevaSi moxseniebuli rogorc magnetizmi albaT primitiuli xalxis tabus msgavsia, es swored is Zalaa romelic gaaCniaT mefeebsa da meTaurebs da romelic maT moaxlovebas saxifaTod aqcevs. frodis mosazrebiT ferenCim Zalian zustad miuTiTa rom hipnotiziori daZinebis brZanebis gacemiT, mSobelTa rols iRebs sakuTar Tavze. is ganasxvavebs ori saxis hipnozs: SeparviTs, romelsac dedis prototipi gaaCnia da muqaris mqones romlis prototips mama warmoadgens. masis warmoqmnis damTrgunveli, iZulebiTi xasiaTi SesaZlebelia iyos axsnili misi warmoqmniT pirvelyofili tomidan. masis meTauri jer kidev mamaTmTavaria, romlisadmic yvela SiSiT aris ganwyobili, masas surs rom is iyos warmarTuli vinmes mier, is eZebs avtoritets; le bonis sityvebiT masas morCilebis wyurvili axasiaTebs. mamaTmTavari masis idealia, romelic me-idealis nacvlad adamianis mes mflobelia / mmarTvelia. hipnozi SesaZlebelia iyos ganmartebuli rogorc orisgan Semdgari masa, xolo STagoneba SesaZlebelia ganimartos rogorc darwmunebuloba, romelic ar efuZneba aRqmasa da gonebriv muSaobas, aramed mxolod erotiul kavSirs. XI erTi safexuri adamianis me-Si TiToeuli calkeuli adamiani mravali masis Semadgenel nawils warmoadgens, is gansxvavebuli aspeqtebiT aris dakavSirebuli identifikaciasTan da Tavisi meideali gansxvavebuli magaliTebis mixedviT aqvs Seqmnili. aqedan gamomdinare calkeuli adamiani mravali masobrivi suliskveTebis monawilea: Tavisi rasis, saeklesio Tanamegobrobis, saxelmwifos da a. S. garda amisa mas SeuZlia priginalurobisa da damoukideblobis garkveul donesac miaRwios. aseve ukve naTelia rom calkeuli adamiani uaryofs Tavis me-ideals da anacvlebs mas masobrivi idealiT, romelic gansaxierebulia beladSi. Tumca mesa da me-idealis daSoreba mravali individis SemTxvevaSi ar aris Zalian mkveTri, me inarCunebs adreul narcisistul TviTkmayofilebas. es garemoeba aadvilebs / amsubuqebs beladis arCevans. is rac froidma daamata masis libidonozuri struqturis axsnas, daiyvaneba mesa da me-idealis gansxvavebasa da am niadagze ormagi kavSiris arsebobaze identifikacia da me-idealis Canacvleba obieqtiT. TiToeuli fsiqikuri diferencireba fsiqikuri funqciisaTvis kidev erT sirTules warmoadgens, amaRlebs mis labilobas da SesaZloa funqciis moSlis anu avadmyofobis mizezadac ki iqces. froidi aRniSnavs rom danawevreba mesa da me-idealze periodulad uku processac unda Seicavdes, vinaidan SeuZlebelia ase grZeldebodes mudmivad. miuxedavad yvela uaryofisa da SezRudvisa romelic mes pasuxismgeblobaSi Sedis, akrZalvebis perioduli garRveva kanonzomierebas warmoadgens, amis magaliTia dResaswaulebis daniSvna. 92

Tuki raime meSi Seesabameba me-ideals, yovelTvis iarsebebs triumfis SegrZneba. danaSaulisa (da arasrulfasovnebis) SegrZneba SesaZlebelia iyos gagebuli rogorc daZabuloba mesa da ideals Soris. froids moyavs cikluri moSlilobis (depresiuli TvalsazrisiT) magaliTi. xasiaTis am spontanuri cvalebadobis safuZveli ucnobi da gaugebaria; meqanizmi, romelic melanqolias maniad aqcevs gaugebaria. es albaT swored iseTi tipis avadmyofebi arian visi me-idealic droebiT ganfenilia meSi, mas Semdeg rac is sakmaod daundoblad iyo gabatonebuli. maniaSi gardasaxva ar aris aucilebeli dasasruli da melanqoliuri avadmyofobis istoriis aucilebeli maxasiaTebeli. arsebobs martivi, erTeuli, aseve periodulad ganmeorebadi melanqoliebi, romelTac ar gaaCniaT msgavsi Sedegi / dasasruli. jer-jerobiT gasagebia mxolod iseTi SemTxvevebi, rodesac obieqti iyo uaryofili vinaidan ar imsaxurebda siyvaruls. identifikaciis gziT is isev damkvidrdeba meSi da me-idealisagan mkacr kritikas ganicdis. obieqtis mimarT arsebuli yvedrebani da agresia vlindeba melanqoliasa da sakuTari Tavis mimarT arsebul yvedrebaSi. amgvari melanqoliis SemTxvevaSi sruliad dasaSvebia gadasvla maniisadmi; aqedan gamomdinare es SesaZlebloba aris avadmyofobis danarCeni niSnebisagan sruliad damoukidebeli maxasiaTebeli. XII danamatebi a) gansxvaveba identifikaciasa da me-idealis obieqtiT Canacvlebas Soris poulobs saintereso ganmartebas ori xelovnuri masis eklesiisa da jaris SemTxvevaSi. sxvaoba mdgomareobs imaSi rom jaris SemTxvevaSi Tuki jariskaci iswrafvis daemsgavsos, identificirdes Tavis mTavarsardalTan es dacinvis sagnad iqceva, xolo eklesiis SemTxvevaSi ki piriqiT, qristesTan identificireba, misi idealizireba piriqiT savaldebuloa. b) am SemTxvevaSi aRniSnulia masobrivi fsiqologiidan dawyebuli progresi romelic individualur fsiqologiamde ganviTarda. am SemTxvevaSi froidi isev ubrundeba miTs tomis mamaTmTavaris Sesaxeb. TiToeuli vaJisaTvis is ideals warmoadgenda, mis mimarT erTdroulad SiSsa da siyvaruls ganicdidnen, rac mogvianebiT tabus cnebad Camoyalibda. erTxelac es masa gaerTianda da Tavs daesxa mamaTmTavars. mamaTmTavaris sikvdilis Semdeg mravali cdilobda misi adgilis dakavebas, magram yoveli axali mcdelobisas, isev iwyeboda omi. Semdeg Camoyalibda totemuri saZmo, sadac yvelas Tanabari uflebebi gaaCnda day vela totemuri valdebulebebiT iyo dakavSirebuli erTmaneTTan. Tumca es jer kidev ar ganapirobebda dakmayofilebas minaRwevariT. wuxilma mamamTavaris danakargis gamo calkeul individs masisagan gamoyofa aiZula, ris Semdeg is poetad Camoyalibda. poeti sawyiss udebs gmirul miTs. am SemTxvevaSi rankis mixedviT sayuradReboa is rom zRaparma SeinarCuna WeSmariti viTarebis suraTi... xSiria, rodesac gmiri, aris umcrosi vaJi, romelic surogatis, anu mamis winaSe Tavs sulelad aCvenebs, is Tavs uvneblad moaCvenebs mas vaJs amocanis Sesruleba SeuZlia mxolod da mxolod cxovelTa jogis daxmarebiT (WianWvelebi, futkrebi da a. S.) isini pirvelyofili tomis saZmos warmoadgenen; sizmris simbolikaSic WianWvelebi da mwerebi da-Zmebis mniSvnelobas atareben. aseve zRapris TiToeuli amocana SesaZloa iyos ganxiluli rogorc gmiruli saqcieli. 93

g) am statiaSi froidi farTed ganixilavda pirdapiri da Sekavebuli (miznis TvalsazrisiT) seqsualuri pirveladi ltolvebis Sesaxeb. am SemTxvevaSi bavSvis libidonozuri ganviTareba yvelaze naTel magaliTs iZleva. bavSvis seqsualuri ltolvebis aRweris Semdeg froids moyavs scilisa da haribdis magaliTi. scila unda iyos gaTvaliswinebuli rogorc aracnobieris gandevnilis Sefasebis nakleboba; da haribda aucilebelia arsebobdes midrekileba normaluri iyos Sefasebuli gazomili paTologiuris masStabebiT. froidi xazs usvams Sekavebuli seqsualuri ltolvebis upirates Zalas. Sekavebuli seqsualuri miznebi aRmocendebian pirdapiri seqsualuri miswrafebebidan, rodesac miznis miRwevas gaaCnia Sinagani da garegani dabrkolebebi. d) bolo SeniSvnebi amzadeben daskvnis safuZvels, rom pirdapiri seqsualuri miswrafebani ar arian xelsayreli masis warmoqmnisaTvis. Tumca sqesobrivi siyvarulis ganviTarebas Tan sdevs ganmartovebis moTxovnilebac. is ori adamiani, romelTac sqesobrivi moTxovnilebis dakmayofileba surs, ganmartovebas eZebs, isini protestis demonstrirebas axdenen masobrivi instinqtis winaaRmdeg. rac ufro metad arian isini Seyvarebuli erTmaneTSi miT ufro naklebad saWiroeben vinme ucxos. masis zegavlenis uaryofa gamoixateba morcxvobis SegrZnebaSi. did xelovnur masebSi eklesiasa da jarSi qalebisaTvis rogorc seqsualuri obieqtisaTvis adgili ar aris. qalisa da mamakacis sasiyvarulo urTerTobebi am organizaciebis miRma aris darCenili. am SemTxvevaSi Sereuli masebis drosac ki sqesobrivi sxvaoba ar warmoadgens gadamwyvet mniSvnelobas. Tumca calkeuli individisaTvis, romelic Serwymulia masasTan pirdapiri seqsualuri midrekilebebi mainc inarCuneben qmediTunarianobas. iq sadac maTi gaRmerTeba xdeba nebismieri masobrivi formaciis daSla xdeba. amasTanave igive efeqtis mqonea masaze nevrozic. nevroziT daavadebuli adamiani asocialuria is CamoSorebulia masobrivi formaciebisagan. Tumca aRsaniSnavia isic, rom sadac SeimCneva masis formireba iq nevrozebis Sesusteba da gaqarwylebac SeimCneva. e) da bolos froidi ganixilavs libidos Teoriis TvalsazrisiT im mdgomareobebs romelic iyo wardgenili zemoT Seyvarebulobis, hipnozis, masis warmoqmnisa da nevrozis mdgomareobebi.

Seyvarebuloba emyareba pirdapiri da Sekavebuli (miznis TvalsazrisiT) seqsualuri miznebis erTdroul arsebobas. amasTanave obieqts sakuTar Tavze narcisistuli me libidos nawili gadaaqvs. Seyvarebuloba moicavs mxolod mesa da obieqts. hipnozi emsgavseba Seyvarebulobas imiT rom swored am ori piris monawileobas gulisxmobs, im gansxvavebiT, rom (miznis TvalsazisiT) is mxolod Sekavebul seqsualur miswrafebebs emyareba da obieqti me-idealis adgils ikavebs.
94

orive mdgomareoba, hipnozica da masis warmoqmnac , adamianis libidos filogenezis gadmonaSTs warmoadgenen hipnozi rogorc winaganwyoba, xolo masa rogorc pirdapiri gadmonaSTi. nevrozi gamoirCeva am klasifikaciidan. is efuZneba adamianis libidos ganviTarebis gansakuTrebulobas latenturi periodiT Sewyvetil seqsualur funqcias. am SemTxvevaSi is emsgavseba hipnozisa da masis warmoqmnisaTvis damaxasiaTebel regress, romelic ar arsebobs Seyvarebulobis SemTxvevaSi. nevrozi aRmocendeba iq, sadac seqsualuri pirveladi ltolvebis miznis TvalsazrisiT pirdapirisagan Sekavebulisaken gadasvla ver xerxdeba. es Seesabameba mes mier STanTqmuli pirveladi ltolvebis Soris arsebul konfliqts, romlebic Tavisi ganviTarebis gzaze yovelTvis miisrafvian gamoxatulebisa da dakmayofilebisaken.

dostoevski da mamis mkvleloba dostoevskis araerTgvarovani pirovneba SesaZlebelia mravalmxrivad iyos ganxiluli: rogorc mwerali, nevrotiki, moazrovne-eTikosi, codvili. froidi cdilobs misi pirovnebis garCevas yvela am komponentis gaTvaliswinebiT. froidi aRiarebs rom rogorc mwerali dostoevski imsaxurebs uiliam SeqspirTad erTad iyos moxseniebuli da rom am SemTxvevaSi fsiqoanalizis meTodi uZluria raime saxis ganmartebisaTvis. Tumca rogorc moralisti dostoevski advilad mowyvladia. mwerlis warmoCinebisas maRali zneobis mqone adamianis saxiT, romelmac ukve ganvlo da ganicada codviloba mTeli misi siRrmiseuli gamovlinebebiT, froidi xazs usvams erT mosazrebas. maRali zneobis adamianad SesaZlebelia CaiTvalos is, vinc Sinaganad ganicdis garkveul cdunebas, magram Tavs ar aZlevs uflebas Caidinos es saqcieli. am SemTxvevaSi froidis azriT sakmaod advilia im adamianebis mimarT gamoiTqvas sayveduri, vinc drogamoSvebiT codvebs idens, xolo Semdeg maRalzneobriv miznebs isaxavs. vinaidan isini mosaxerxeblad awyoben TavianT cxovrebas. isini arasodes ar asruleben absoluturi zneobrivobis srul prioritets srul ganridebas. am SemTxvevaSi froidi xazs usvams rom zneobrivi cxovreba praqtikulad mTeli kacobriobis interesebSia. mas moyavs magaliTi im barbarosebisa, vinc mkvlelobas idenda xolo Semdeg inaniebda am saqciels, Tumca es monanieba kidev ufro metad sisxliani codvebis Cadenisaken uxsnida maT gzas. froidi aseve aRniSnavs rom swored ase iqceoda ivane mrisxanec es erTgvari xelSekruleba sindisTan, rac savsebiT tipiuria rusuli xasiaTisaTvis. rac Seexeba dostoevskis zneobrivi brZolis saboloo Sedegs is ar gamoirCeva, sakmaod xangrZlivi Serkinebis Semdgom, romelic ZiriTadad mimarTulia individis survilebisa da swrafvebis Serigebaze sazogadoebasTan da mis moTxovnebTan, is regress ganicdis da sulieri da fizikuri avtoritetebisadmi damorCilebas eqvemdebareba eTayvaneba qristianul RmerTsa da mama-mefes, is miiswrafvis rusuli mdabio Rirebulebis mqone nacionalizmisaken. froidi aseve aRniSnavs, rom naklebad didi moazrovneebic amgvar gadawyvetilebamde mividnen, Tumca ki dostoevskis amisaTvis gacilebiT ufro meti Zalisxmeva dasWirda. froidi arasworad miiCnevs dostoevski ganixilos rogorc codvili da danaSaulis Camdeni. Zalian martivia danaSaulis WeSmariti motivis gamovlena: nebismieri danaSaulis CamdenisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia ori ram usazRvro siyvaruli sakuTari Tavis mimarT da ngrevisadmi uZlieresi midrekileba, aseve orive am maxasiaTeblis gamaerTianebeli aris is, rom adamians ar gaaCnia siyvarulis unari da amave dros garSemomyofTa mxridan misdami emociur95

SefasebiTi damokidebulebac ar arsebobs. amave dros froids umalve axsendeba is, rom TviT dostoevskisaTvis sruliad sapirispiroa damaxasiaTebeli siyvarulis udidesi moTxovnileba da sxvebis siyvarulis unari, rac vlindeboda mis usazRvro sikeTeSi im SemTxvevaSic ki rodesac marTebuli iqneboda sapirispiro damokidebulebis gamovlena froids moyvanili aqvs magaliTad misi damokidebuleba meuRlisa da misi sayvarlisadmi. froidi wamoWris kiTxvas, Tu ratom SeimCneva tendencia dostoevskis mikuTvnebisa danaSaulis CamdenTa kategoriisadmi? razec ismis Semdegi saxis pasuxi: misi personaJebis arCevanis gamo egocentruli pirovnebebi, mkvlelebi, moZaladeebi, rac metyvelebs msgavsi midrekilebebis gamoxatulebaze TviT mweralSic. am SemTxvevaSi dasturia ramodenime realuri faqtic misi midrekileba da siyvaruli azartuli TamaSebis mimarT da aseve arasrulwlovani gogos gaxrwnac (sakmarisia misi aRsarebis wakiTxva). froidis azriT es Sinagani winaaRmdegoba gadawyvetilia Semdegi saxiT: dostoevskis sakmaod Zlieri midrekileba ngrevisadmi ZiriTadad momarTuli iyo sakuTar Tavze (ara gareT aramed SigniT) da hpova Tavisi gamovlineba danaSaulis SegrZnebasa da mazohizmSi. Tumca am pirovnebaSi aseve SeiniSneba sadisturi midrekilebebic, froidi aRniSnavs rom es Tviseba vlindeboda misi axloblebis mimarT da aseve xazs usvams sadistur damokidebulebas mkiTxvelisadmic, Tumca garkveulwilad dostoevski aseve sadisturia sakuTari Tavis mimarTac, igive mazohisturi, rac mTlianobaSi mas xatavs rogorc rbil da mgrZnobiare adamians, romelic yovelTvis mzad aris daexmaros nebismiers. amgvarad, dostoevskis rTul pirovnebaSi sami faqtori iqna gamoyofili ori xarisxobrivi da erTi raodenobrivi. misi sakmaod maRali midrekileba feTqebadi vnebebisadmi da gadaulaxavi swrafva perversiisadmi, romelic unda dasrulebuliyo sado-mazohizmiT an romelsac unda Camoeyaliba masSi danaSaulis Camdeni da bolos misi SemoqmedebiTi niWi, romelic praqtikulad ar eqvemdebareba analizs. erTmaneTTan dapirispirebaSi myofi Zalebis pirveladi ltolvebisa da maTi sapirispiro Sekavebis arsebobiT dostoevski SesaZlebelia mivakuTvnoT impulsuri xasiaTebis kategorias. magram amgvari mosazreba mxolod da mxolod nevrozis SeniRbvas warmoadgens. froidi iZleva axsna-ganmartebas rom nevrozi aris mxolod da mxolod imis niSani, rom mem ver moaxdina dapirispirebaSi myofi Zalebis sinTezi da am mcdelobisas dakarga Tavisi mTlianoba. dostoevski, (aseve sxvebic iziarebdnen am mosazrebas), sakuTar Tavs Tvlida epileptikosad. froidi varaudobs, rom es e. w. epilepsia mxolod da mxolod misi nevrozis simptoms warmoadgenda, romelic SesaZlebelia iyos gansazRvruli rogorc istero-epilepsia, sxva sityvebiT isteriis mZime forma. froidi aRwers am Setevebis maxasiaTeblebs, aRwers uneblie krunCxvebs, xasiaTis cvlilebas, agresiulobis matebas da yvelanairi saxis sulieri qmediTunarianobis daqveiTebas. is aseve ganasxvavebs ramodenime variants epileptikuri Setevisa: krunCxvebs, cnobierebis srul dakargvas wamierad da aseve Tavbrus xvevebs. es erTi SexedviT fizikuri mdgomareobebi / gamovlinebebi ganpirobebulia fizikuri mizezebiT (ramdenad ucanauric ar unda iyos es) da SesaZlebelia aRmocendes konkretuli sulieri gancdebidan gamomdinare (SiSi) da SemdgomSi SesaZloa iyvnen srul kavSirSi sulier gancdebTan. umravlesobisaTvis am avadmyofobis SemTxvevaSi inteleqtualuri degradacia aris damaxasiaTebeli, magram cnobilia iseTi SemTxvevebic rodesac is ar momxdara (helmholci). froidi aRniSnavs, rom epilefsiiT daavadebulni garSemomyofebze utvino, ganuviTarebeli adamianis STabeWdilebas toveben, vinaidan es avadmyofoba xSir SemTxvevaSi vlindeba idiotizmis formiT da tvinis seriozul defeqtebs ganapirobebs, Tumca es ar aris aucilebeli komponenti. aseve froidi aRniSnavs 96

rom msgavsi Setevebi emarTebaT aseve srulfasovani sulieri ganviTarebis mqone adamianebs, romelTac axasiaTebT ukiduresad uCveulo sulieri mRelvareba da romlis marTvac maT uZneldebaT. froidi Tvlis rom es avadmyofoba saWiroebs funqcionalur gacnobierebas / wvdomas. pirveladi ltolvebis ganTavisuflebis meqanizmi SesaZlebelia iyos Semzadebuli, rogorc es aisaxeba toqsikuri an qsovilebis daavadebis SemTxvevaSi tvinis qmediTunarianobaze (xdeba daqveiTeba). msgavsi ram xdeba sulieri balansis arasakmarisi kontrolis SemTxvevaSic, rac vlindeba sulieri energiis funqcionirebaSi krizisis pirobebSi. aqedan gamomdinare froids miaCnia, rom gveZleva epilefsiis warmoqmnisaTvis xelsayreli ori winapiroba da maTTvis saerTo meqanizmic, romelic pirveladi ltolvebis gamovlinebis safuZvelSi Zevs. froidi aRniSnavs, rom es meqanizmi emsgavseba seqsualur procesebs. is ambobs, rom antikuri xanis eqimebs miaCndaT seqsualuri aqti mcire epilefsiad. isini Tvlidnen rom seqsualuri aqti asustebs epilefsias da adamians aZlierebs avadmyofobis zemoqmedebasTan mimarTebaSi. mTlianobaSi am SemTxvevaSi saqme gvaqvs epileptikur reaqciasTan da is ra Tqma unda ukavSirdeba nevrozebs, romelTa arsi mdgomareobs zewolisa da gaRizianebis masebis daTrgunvaSi, romelTac fsiqikurad nevrozi ver gaumklavdeboda. amgvarad epilefsiis Seteva isteriis simptomad gadaiqceva. xdeba misi adaptireba da saxecvlileba isteriiT, iseve rogorc es xdeba sqesobrivi aqtis normaluri mimdinareobisas. aqedan gamomdinare froidi daaskvnis, rom arsebobs organulad ganpirobebuli da bunebrivad aRmocenebuli epilefsiebi. xolo am daskvnis praqtikuli Sedegia is, rom pirveli saxis epilefsiis mqone pirovnebas gaaCnia tvinis daavadeba, xolo meore saxis mqone aris aSkara nevrotiki. froidis azriT swori iqneboda gvevarauda, rom dostoevski swored meore tipis epileptikosebs miekuTvneba. Tumca am SemTxvevaSi froidi darwmunebiT ver saubrobs, vinaidan ar arsebobs Sesabamisi aRwera dostoevskis epileptikuri Setevebisa da is mxolod garkveul faqtebze dayrdnobiT axdens amgvar daskvnas. is aRniSnavs, rom mas qonda Setevebi bavSvobaSi, magram mxolod 18 wlis asakis Semdgom rodesac man Zlieri dartyma gadaitana, mamis mkvleloba am Setevebma epileptikuri xasiaTi miiRes. am SemTxvevaSi aseve moyvanilia cnobebi imis Sesaxeb rom misi mdgomareoba gaumjobesda cimbirSi katorRaze yofnisas, magram froidi aseve aRniSnavs, rom nevrotikebi amgvari rwmunebisas midrekilni arian falsificirebisaken. froidi Tvlis rom cimbirSi yofnisas dostoevskis janmrTeloba mkveTrad gaumjobesda. aSkara aris kavSiri mamis mkvlelobasa da roman Zmebi karamazovebs Soris. bevri aRniSnavda am kavSirs Tanamedrove fsiqologiuri mimdinareobis farglebSi es mimdinareoba ki fsiqoanalizs gulisxmobs. am SemTxvevas fsiqoanalizi ganixilavs rogorc umZimes sulier travmas, xolo dostoevskis reaqcias am travmaze rogorc misi nevrozis prioritetuli mniSvnelobis mqone sawyis wertils. froidi aRniSnavs rom pirveli wlebis ganmavlobaSi dostoevskis epileptikuri Setevebi gamoixateboda imaSi rom mas qonda sikvdilis SiSis gamovlineba, rac gamoixateboda leTargiuli Zilis SetevebSi. froidi irwmuneba rom misTvis cnobilia msgavsi sikvdilis Setevebis arsi. am SemTxvevaSi xdeba gaigiveba gardacvlilTan realurad ukve gardacvlil pirovnebasTan an jer kidev cocxal adamianTan visi sikvdilic SeiZleba surdes avadmyofs. am dros meore SemTxvevas ufro meti mniSvneloba aqvs. amgvari Setevebi am SemTxvevaSi sasjelis saxis aris: am adamianisaTvis sikvdili msurda, exla ki me TiTon var gardacvlili. am SemTxvevaSi biWisaTvis es gardacvlili aris umeteswilad mama. 97

mamis mkvleloba rogorc cnobilia warmoadgens pirveli saxis danaSauls, rogorc kacobriobisaTvis, aseve calkeuli individisaTvisac. yovel SemTxvevaSi is danaSaulis SegrZnebis erT-erTi wyaro da mizezia. fsiqoanalitikosebis Tanaxmad biWis damokidebuleba mamis mimarT aris ambivalenturi. froidi aRwers mamisadmi arsebuli grZnobebis ambivalentobas da bolos daaskvnis, rom mamis mkvlelobis survilis arseboba aracnobierSi, ganapirobebs danaSaulis SegrZnebis Camoyalibebas. Tuki bavSvs ganviTarebuli aqvs konstituciuri faqtori, romelsac Cven veZaxiT biseqsualobas, adgili aqvs momdevno garTulebebs. am SemTxvevaSi, kastraciis muqaris Sedegad mamakacurobis SesaZlo dakargvis gacnobierebisas, matulobs da myardeba qalurobisadmi midrekilebis tendencia, metic, aRmocendeba tendencia sakuTari Tavis dedis adgilze dayenebisa da amave dros misi rolis gadaRebac / SeTvisebac rogorc mamis siyvarulis obieqtisa. bavSvi acnobierebs rom Tuki mas surs iyos mamis mxridan nayvarebi rogorc qali, man amave dros unda miiRos kastraciac. amgvarad xdeba ori sapirispiro ltolvis gandevna mamisadmi siyvarulisa da amave dros misdami siZulvilis. fsiqologiuri sxvaoba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom garegani muqaris (kastraciis) gamo bavSvi uars ambobs mamisadmi siZulvilze. im ori naxsenebi faqtoridan, romlebic mamisadmi biWis siZulvilis gandevnas ganapirobeben pirvelia uSualo SiSi kastraciisa. SesaZlebelia iTqvas rom es normaluria, xolo negatiur gaZlierebas ganapirobebs mxolod da mxolod meore faqtori qaluri ganwyobis Camoyalibeba. amgvarad, mkveTrad gamovlenili biseqsualuri midrekileba warmoadgens erT-erT mizezs an Tu gnebavT dasturs nevrozis arsebobisa. swored es midrekileba aris SesamCnevi dostoevskis SemTxvevaSi, is (faruli homoseqsualuroba) aseve vlindeba mis damokidebulebaSi mamakacebTan megobrobisadmi, Tu ramdenad didi mniSvnelobis iyo es misTvis metyvelebs amaze. froidi aRniSnavs mis damokidebulebas metoqeebisadmi siyvarulSi, mis siRrmiseul wvdomas garkveuli cxovrebiseuli situaciebisa, risi axsnac SesaZlebelia mxolod faruli homoseqsualurobiT. froidis azriT amis dasturia mravalricxovani magaliTebi mwerlis nawarmoebidan. froidi amticebs rom fsiqoanalizs gaaCnia gasaRebi nebismieri nevrozisadmi da rom es gasaRebi moiZebneba rusuli mwerlis epilefsiis SemTxvevisaTvisac. Cveni cnobiereba uaryofs im movlenebis miRebas, romlebic aracnobieri fsiqikuri cxovrebis sferos miekuTvnebian. froidi zemoT xsenebuls aseve amatebs imas, rom mamasTan gaigiveba Cvens meSi mudmiv adgils ikavebs. es gaigiveba mSvidad aRiqmeba mes mier, Tumca masSi gansakuTrebuli instanciis adgils ikavebs, romelic upirispirdeba mes danarCen Semadgenlobas. am instancias froidi uwodebs zemes da rogorc mSoblis zegavlenis mqones mas yvelaze mniSvnelovan funqciebs miawers. froids moyavs magaliTi imisa, rom Tuki mama iyo mkacri, daundobeli, gamoirCeoda Zaladobisadmi midrekilebiT, maSin Cveni ze-me sadisturi xdeba, xolo me mazohisturi, Sesabamisad qalurad-pasiuri. Cvens meSi Cndeba sasjelisadmi didi moTxovnileba, me erTis mxriv nawilobriv miandobs sakuTar Tavs bedisweras, xolo meores mxriv nawilobriv dakmayofilebas Rebulobs misadmi ze-mes mxridan arsebuli daundobeli damokidebulebiT (SesaZlebelia amas danaSaulis SegrZneba vuwodoT). dostoevskis danaSaulis SegrZnebis gansakuTrebuli siZliere, iseve rogorc aSkarad mazohisturi cxovrebis wesic, froidis mier axsnilia rogorc mkveTrad gamoxatuli qalurobis komponenti. froidis azriT faqtiurad dostoevskis aRwera Semdegnairad SeiZleba: aSkarad / mkveTrad gamoxatuli biseqsualurobis midrekilebis / winareganwyobis mqone pirovneba, romelsac gaaCnia daundobeli mamis mxridan Tavs moxveuli damokidebulebisagan Tavis dacvis unari. 98

adreuli sikvdilis Setevebis gamovlinebebi SesaZlebelia iyos gaazrebuli rogorc sakuTari mes gaigiveba mamasTan, am SemTxvevaSi me ze-mes mxridan sasjels Rebulobs. SesaZlebelia iTqvas rom pirovnebasa da mama-obieqts Soris arsebuli urTierToba misi Sinaarsis sruli SenarCunebiT mesa da ze-mes Soris arsebuli urTierTobis saxes iRebs. froids am SemTxvevaSi Teatraluri Sedarebac ki moyavs axali dadgma mcire scenaze. froidi aRniSnavs rom mama ver icvleba da wlebis ganmavlobaSi misi xasiaTi uaresobisaken viTardeba kidec. am SemTxvevaSi dostoevskis siZulvilic matulobs. froidi Tvlis rom adamiani warmoadgens uaRres saSiSroebas Tuki amgvari gandevnili survilebi ganxorcielebisaken iswrafvian. fantazia SesaZloa realobad iqces, amitomac Zlierdeba dacvis yvela saSualebac. dostoevskis Setevebic epileptikur xasiaTs iZenen. aRsaniSnavia erTi ram: Setevis apoTeozSi dostoevski umaRlesi netarebis moments ganicdida, romelic SesaZloa asaxavda im triumfisa da ganTavisuflebis SegrZnebas, romelic man ganicada mamis sikvdilis cnobis miRebisas, rasac umalve moyva kidev ufro daundobeli sulieri sasjeli. froidi paralels avlebs msgavsi wuxilisa da triumfis monacvleobas pirvelyofili ojaxebis SemTxvevaSi, rodesac xdeboda mSobelTa mkvleloba totemuri zeimis ceremoniis dros. Tuki is faqti rom cimbirSi (katorRaze) dostoevskis ar qonia Setevebi sinamdviles Seesabameba es kidev erTxel adasturebs imas, rom mis Setevebs sasjelis saxe qondaT. (rodesac is gansxvavebuli saxiT iRebda sasjels Setevebis saWiroebas is aRar grZnobda). daundobeli sasjelis moTxovnilebam dostoevskis SesaZlebloba mianiWa mravali mZime weli udrekad gadaetana. misi dadanaSauleba politikur RalatSi ar Seesabameboda sinamdviles, magram man yovelgvari winaaRmdegobis gareSe miiRo es sasjeli mama-mefisagan (romelic am SemTxvevaSi misi mamis Canacvlebas warmoadgenda). es garemoeba iZleva fsiqologiur gamarTlebas im sasjelis sistemisa romelsac sazogadoeba aniWebs individs. froidi Tvlis rom mravali borotmoqmedi natrulobs rom isini dasajon. amas moiTxovs maTi ze-me, amgvarad isini Tavisufldebian sakuTari Tavis dasjis survilisagan / sindisis qenjnisagan. amgvari simZime gamowveuli damZimebuli sindisiT ganapirobebs dostoevskis damokidebulebas sxva ori sferos mimarT saxelmwifos avtoritetisa da RmerTisadmi rwmenis. pirveli sferos SemTxvevaSi mwerali sruliad daeqvemdebara mama-mefes, romelmac mkvlelobis komedia gaiTamaSa masTan. am SemTxvevaSi monaniebam gaimarjva. religiuri sferos SemTxvevaSi ki sicocxlis bolomde dostoevski orWofobda rwmenasa da urwmunoebas Soris. misTvis saeWvo iyo is winaaRmdegobebi romelic SeimCneoda samyaros gamTlianebuli gagebis SemTxvevaSi, rac rwmenaSi aris mocemuli. froidi aRniSnavs rom SeuZlebelia ubralo damTxveva iyos is faqti rom msoflio literaturis sami Sedevri sofokles mefe oidiposi, Sekspiris hamleti da dostoevskis Zmebi karamazovebi erTsa da imave Temas exebian mamis mkvlelobas. samive SemTxvevaSi danaSaulis msgavsi motivi aris ganviTarebuli seqsualuri metoqeoba qalis gamo. froidi axdens mcire analizs am sami nawarmoebisa da hamletis SemTxvevaSi aRniSnavs, rom danaSauli ar aris Cadenili mTavari gmiris mier, swored amitom qalis gamo metoqeobis motivi ar aris dafaruli. swored ase aris warmoCinebuli hamletis oidiposis kompleqsic, romelic warmoCinebulia erTgvari anareklis saxiT. man icis rom mamamisi iyo mokluli magram gaugebari mizezis gamo ar anxorcielebs samagieros mizRvevis qmedebebs. gaubedavi is xdeba sakuTari danaSaulis SegrZnebis gamo: rogorc aris damaxasiaTebeli msgavsi nevrotuli movlenebisaTvis mis cnobierebaSi erTgvari cvlileba xdeba danaSaulis SegrZneba gardaisaxeba uZlurobis SegrZnebaSi. hamleti sakuTar Tavs aranakleb ganikiTxavs vidre sxvebs: Tuki yvelas moveqceviT sazRauris mixedviT, vis ascdeba 99

sasjeli? am SemTxvevaSi dostoevski cotaTi ufro win aris wasuli Tavis romanSi. aqac mkvleloba Cadenilia sxva piris mier, magram is aranakleb ukavSirdeba msxverpls, vidre dimitri, (romelic seqsualuri metoqe aris), isic misi Svilia. danaSauls sCadis swored is Zma, romelsac dostoevski sakuTar avadmyofobas miawers epilefsias, amiT is TiTqos da adasturebs rom masSi arsebuli nevrotiki da epileptikosi sinamdvileSi mamis mkvlelia. advokatis sityvaSi ki Cans fsiqologiis dacinva. rom fsiqologia ikvlevs ara imas Tu vin Caidina mkvleloba aramed imas, vinc am mkvlelobis Canafiqrs axdenda da visac gansakuTrebulad uxaroda SemdgomSi momxdaris gamo. aqedan gamomdinare yvela aris damnaSave Tanabrad, reliefurad gamosaxuli alioSas figuras CaTvliT. TvalnaTlivi da aSkara aris mwerlis simpatia borotmoqmedisadmi, romelic scildeba yovelgvari TanagrZnobis sazRvrebs. borotmoqmedi misTvis TiTqmis mxsnelis tolfasia. man TiTqos da yvelas danaSauli aiRo sakuTar Tavze. man Caidina mkvleloba da exla ukve saWiro aRar aris mkvlelobis Cadena, vinaidan mas es rom ar gaekeTebina vinmes mainc mouwevda amis gakeTeba. es ar aris ubralo TanagrZnoba es ukve borotmoqmedTan / mkvlelTan gaigiveba aris, igive narcisizmi romelic cotaTi CamoSorebulia Tavis ZiriTad mimarTulebas. froidi Tvlis rom borotmoqmedisadmi simpatiis fenomeni ganpirobebulia swored am gaigivebis gamo, aseve swored es iyo interesis mizezic da romanis masalis arCevanic amis gamo aris ganpirobebuli. Tavdapirvelad is werda egoisturi mosazrebebidan gamomdinare Cveulebrivi borotmoqmedis, Semdeg politikuri da religiuri borotmoqmedis da bolos ki mamis mkvlelis Sesaxeb. es aris pirvandeli borotmoqmedi da froidis azriT am SemTxvevaSi dostoevski poetur aRiarebas axdens. froidi axdens analizs dostoevskis azartuli TamaSebisadmi midrekilebis Sesaxebac. miuxedavad Tavisi gamarTlebisa, rom is TamaSobda mxolod im mizniT rom moego didi Tanxa da Semdeg miscemoda ruseTSi dabrunebis SesaZlebloba valis gamo cixeSi wasvlisagan Tavis daRwevis mizniT, froidi Tvlis rom mwerali sinamdvileSi acnobierebda im faqts rom mxolod TamaSis gamo TamaSobda. amis dasturia misi daudevari saqcielis yvela detali, romelic ganpirobebuli iyo pirveladi ltolvebiT. dostoevski ver wynardeboda sanam ar waagebda yvelafers. TamaSi misTvis sasjelis saSualebas warmoadgenda. miuxedavad dapirebebisa romelsac is aZlevda Tavis axalgazrda meuRles is yovelTvis arRvevda sityvas. rodesac wagebis gamo igi ojaxs ukiduresad gaWirvebul mdgomareobaSi agdebda, es garemoeba mas kidev erTxel aZlevda paTologiuri dakmayofilebis SesaZleblobas. meuRle mieCvia amgvar oromtrials. erTaderTi rac gadarCenas warmoadgenda am SemTxvevaSi iyo mwerlis Sroma, romelsac eZleoda gasaqani swored maSin, rodesac mTeli qoneba iyo gaqarwylebuli. Tumca misi meuRle ver xvdeboda Tu ra kavSiri iyo am yvelafers Soris. froidi am kavSirs Semdegnairad ganmartavs: rodesac misi danaSaulis SegrZneba kmayofildeboda sasjeliT, romelsac is Tavad miusjida sakuTar Tavs, maSinve gadailaxeboda samuSaoSi arsebuli sirTuleebic da dostoevski Tavs uflebas aniWebda warmatebisaken ramodenime nabiji gadaedga. froidi aRwers stefan cvaigis romans ocdaoTxi saaTi qalis cxovrebidan. gavlebulia paraleli imasTan dakavSirebiT rom onanizmis codva Canacvlebulia TamaSisadmi mavne CveviT, am SemTxvevaSi xazgasmulia xelebis vnebiani moZraoba, rac TavisTavad metyvelebs am Canacvlebaze. froidi Tvlis rom TamaSisadmi midrekileba gaigivebulia da warmoadgens onanizmis moTxovnilebis eqvivalents, is Tvlis rom bavSvebis mier sasqeso organoebze warmoebuli manipulaciebic TamaSis msgavsia. aseve cvaigis romanSi arsebuli dedis gaigiveba meZavTan swored am fantaziis Semadgeneli nawili da Sedegia. am SemTxvevaSi garegani gaformeba ubralod faravs am moTxrobis fsiqoanalitikur sazriss. 100

froidi aRniSnavs rom mas jer kidev ar Sexvedria arc erTi iseTi mZime nevrozis SemTxveva, rodesac adreuli periodis autoerotiuli dakmayofileba da mowifulobis periodis dakmayofileba gadamwyveti mniSvnelobis mqone ar yofiliyo da ar Seesrulebina garkveuli saxis roli, amasTanave misi (am dakmayofilebis) daTrgunvisa da mamisadmi SiSis Soris arsebuli kavSiris Sesaxeb ukve cnobilia. fsiqoanalizi da kultura leonardo da vinCi bavSvobis mogonebani I. leonardo da vinCi (1452 1519) iyo italiuri renesansis erT-erTi udidesi warmomadgeneli. magram rogorc misi TanamedroveebisTvis, aseve CvenTvisac igi idumalebiT moculi rCeba. gansxvavebuli niWis SeerTeba erT pirovnebaSi renesansis periodSi miRebuli iyo da es ar iyo leonardos idumalebis mizezi. is ar miekuTvneboda aseve iseTi avadmyofuri tipis geniosTa kategorias, romelnic fizikuri monacemebiT ar gamoirCeodnen da gaurbodnen adamianebTan urTierTobas. piriqiT, is iyo maRali, tanadi, gamorCeuli silamazis saxis mqone, gamorCeuli fizikuri Zalis mqone, momxiblavi adamianebTan urTierTobisas, kargi oratori, mxiaruli da kargi mosaubre pirovneba. mxiarulebisa da siamovnebaTa moyvaruli pirovnebis iersaxe ufro metad Seesabameba leonardos mxolod cxovrebis pirvel da ufro xangrZliv periods. mas Semdeg rac ludoviko moros Zalauflebis dasasrulma aiZula leonardo mietovebina milani da safrangeTSi daewyo moxetiale cxovrebis stiliT arseboba, mas Semdeg misma mxiarulma ganwyobam iklo da misi xasiaTis ucnauri maxasiaTeblebic warmoCinda. wlebis ganmavlobaSi misi interesi mecnierebisadmi kidev ufro metad Rrmavdeboda, rac aSorebda mas mxatvrobisagan. misi cdebisadmi midrekileba da Semecnebisadmi swrafva aisaxa mis samxatvro Semoqmedebaze. is naklebad iRebda xelSi funjs, xSirad tovebda dawyebul naxats. swored amis gamo akritikebdnen mas misi Tanamedroveebi. Tumca mravali cdilobda am naklis dafarvas da amgvar damokidebulebas qmnilebebisadmi xsnida zogadad nebismieri mxatvris xasiaTis TvisebiT. didi SemoqmedisaTvis is mxatvruli nawarmoebi romelic iqmneba mis mier yovelTvis Soria im idealisagan romelic mas warmoudgenia, rasac ver amCnevs rigiTi damkvirveblis Tvali. Tumca zogierTis mosazrebiT es momenti avlenda garkveuli saxis SiSis arsebobas. SiSisa, romelic eufleba Semoqmeds xelovnebis sidiadis SegrZnebidan gamomdinare. froidi aRniSnavs leonardos muSaobis sidinjes, saidumlo serobaze is muSaobda sami wlis ganmavlobaSi. aseve aRwerilia is faqtebi romlis mixedviTac leonardo sakmaod didi xnis ganmavlobaSi siRrmiseulad akvirdeboda Tavis namuSevrebs da is, rom SesaZlebeli iyo ramodenime dRe ar emuSava Tumca Semdeg mTeli dReebi xaraCoebze gaetarebina. rac piriqiT metyvelebda ara mis gulgrilobaze, aramed Rrma wvdomaze misi namuSevrebisa, sapirispirod im mosazrebis romlis Tanaxmadac Semoqmedi tovebs muSaobas rodesac grZnobs, rom ideali ar Seesabameba mis mier Seqmnil realobas. leonardos Semoqmedeba da misi muSaobis neli stili ar Seesabameboda freskaze muSaobas, sadac aucilebelia rom namuSevari iyos dasrulebuli sanam grunti gaSreba. swored amitom irCevda is zeTis saRebavs rac SesaZleblobas aniWebda rom samuSao procesi yofiliyo gawelili. swored es bedi ewvia mis namuSevars romelsac is asrulebda miqelanjelosTan konkursis dros Anghiari, mxedarTa brZola. 101

Tumca misi xasiaTi avlenda aseve garkveul winaaRmdegobrivobasac. garkveuli umoqmedoba da indiferentuloba SesamCnevi iyo. im asakSi rodesac nebismieri individuumi agresiul qmedebebs mimarTavs sxvebis mimarT, vinaidan survili aqvs ufro farTe moqmedebis veli moicvas, is gamoirCeoda mSvidi megobrulobiT sxvebis mimarT, Tavs aridebda nebismieri saxis usiamovnebasa da Cxubs. is iyo keTili sxvebis mimarT, ar Wamda xorcs, vinaidan Tvlida, rom ar aris marTebuli cxovelebs rom sicocxle wavarTvaT da aseve mas gansakuTrebul siamovnebas aniWebda bazrobaze nayidi CitebisaTvis Tavisuflebis miniWeba. is ganikiTxavda omsa da sisxlismRvrelobas da adamians eZaxda ara cxovelTa samyaros mefes, aramed yvelaze borots veluri cxovelebidan. Tumca amgvari qaluri mgrZnobeloba ar uSlida mas xels sikvdilmisjil damnaSaveTa TanxlebaSi maTi aRsrulebis adgilas imisaTvis, rom Seeswavla maTi SiSisagan damaxinjebuli saxeebi da Seesrulebina Canaxatebi, aseve ar iyo misTvis es dabrkolebad rom daexata SiSismomgvreli brZolebi da rom daniSnuliyo mTavar samxedro inJinrad keisar borjiasTan. xSir SemTxvevaSi Cans rom is aris indiferentuli borotebisa da sikeTisadmi, an aucilebelia moxdes misi gazomva gansakuTrebuli sazomiT. Tuki biografs surs rom siRrmiseulad ganixilos Tavisi gmiri, maSin is ar unda sdumdes sircxvilisa da TavSekavebis gamo im detalebis Sesaxeb rac mis sqesobriv cxovrebas ukavSirdeba. am SemTxvevaSi froidi xazs usvams leonardos TavSekavebulobas am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT, miuxedavad imisa, rom is mkacrad asketuri da amasTanave sakmaod mgrZnobiare epoqis periodSi cxovrobda. mas arasodes ar gamousaxavs erotika, erTaderTi rac mis mier yofila gamosaxuli aris qalis Sida organoebis anatomiuri gamosaxuleba da nayofis ganlagebis gamosaxuleba mucelSi. saeWvoa, rom leonardos Tavisi cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi odesme qonoda urTierToba sayvarel qalTan, an Tundac sulieri urTierToba msgavsad miqelanjelosa da viqtoria kolonasTan. rodesac is cxovrobda Tavisi maswavleblis saxlSi Verocchio, is da misi ramodenime megobari homoseqsualur kavSirSi daadanaSaules, Tumca ki es SemTxveva gamarTlebiT dasrulda. mizezi iyo is, rom leonardos Tavis modelad, cudi saxelis mqone biWi yavda. rodesac is ostati gaxda mis garemocvaSi mxolod lamazi biWebi imyofebodnen (rogorc moswavleebi). xolo ukanaskneli moswavle gayva mas safrangeTSi da sicocxlis bolomde darCa masTan, swored mas uanderZa leonardom mTeli Tavisi qonebac. Tumca mis gverdiT myof moswavleebTan arsebuli urTierToba ar gamoixateboda da ar gvirgvindeboda sqesobrivi aqtiT. froidi Tvlis rom ar aris marTebuli vivaraudoT rom masSi Zlieri sqesobrivi aqtivoba SeiZleba iyos. froidi aRniSnavs rom leonardos yvelaze ufro did swrafvas da ltolvas warmoadgenda Semecneba, razec is xarjavda uamrav drosa da Zalebs da mxolod da mxolod ukiduresi daZabulobis Semdgom, codnis mopovebisas, is uflebas aZlevs didi xnis mosalodneli afeqtis gamovlenas. rodesac mas eZleoda SesaZlebloba moexdina mopovebuli codnis sferoSi arsebuli sagnebis Sedareba, mas eufleboda paTosi da garkveul eqstazSi is adidebda im sferos romelsac Seiswavlida, xolo religiuri TvalsazrisiT ki mis Semoqmeds. solmim naTlad gaiSinagna es gardasaxvis procesi leonardosTan. is ambobs amgvar gardasaxvas romelic exeba bunebis Semecnebas emociebSi me vuwodebdi religias, swored amaSi mdgomareobs da vinCis xelweris yvelaze damaxasiaTebeli niSanTviseba, romelic meordeba ara erTxel... leonardo ikvlevda imis nacvlad rom emoqmeda da Seeqmna. is vinc SeigrZnobs msoflio kanonzomierebis sidiades da mis gardauvalobas, advilad kargavs Tavisi mes cnobierebas / SegrZnebas. WvretaSi CaZiruli is advilad iviwyebs rom sakuTari Zalebis gazomviT, aucilebelia samyaros gardauvalobaze zemoqmedebis moxdenis mcdeloba. am samyaroSi mciredic ara nakleb saocaria, diadTan Sedarebisas. 102

rodesac is cdilobda dabrunebuliyo kvlevidan isev xelovnebaSi is aRmoaCenda, rom misTvis xelisSemSleli iyo interesebis axali gezi da misi fsiqikuri qmedebis saxeSecvlili xasiaTi. naxatSi yvelaze ufro metad mis interess ipyrobda erTi problema, xolo am erTi problemis miRma kidev sxva mravali aRmocendeboda, rogorc es aseve iyo misTvis aSkara usasrulo gamokvlevebisas. da naxatSi yvelafris asaxvis Zlieri Zalisxmevis Semdgom, is iZulebuli iyo mietovebina namuSevari da gamoecxadebina igi dausruleblad. froidis azriT rodesac Cven vxvdebiT iseT maxasiaTebels rogorc leonardos SemTxvevaSi es aris Zlierad gamoxatuli ltolva Semecnebisadmi, maSin yvelafris mizezad iqceva am midrekilebis organuli buneba. nerviulad daavadebulTa fsiqoanalitikur kvlevaze dafuZnebiT Cven Semdegi saxis or varauds vemxrobiT, romelTa dasturs Cven vxedavT yoveli calkeuli SemTxvevis dros. es midrekileba froidis azriT formirebas ganicdis adreuli bavSvobis xanaSi, Tavisi gaZlierebisaTvis Tavdapirvelad is sargeblobs seqsualuri midrekilebebiT, aqedan gamomdinare mas SeeZleba seqsualuri cxovrebis garkveuli nawilis Canacvleba. amgvari tipis adamiani iseTive vnebiT iqneba CarTuli kvlevisa da Semecnebis procesSi, rogorc sxva iqneboda CarTuli sasiyvarulo urTierTobaSi da mas SeeZleboda ekvlia raime imis sanacvlod rom yvareboda vinme. da ara mxolod kvlevisadmi vnebis, aramed sxva mravali SemTxvevis drosac raimesadmi ltolvis gansakuTrebuli intensivobisas, Cven gvaqvs varaudi rom misi safuZveli seqsualurobaSia. froidi Tvlis, rom adamianTa yoveldRiuri cxovrebis dakvirveba gviCvenebs, rom umravlesobas SeuZlia sakuTari sqesobrivi ltolvis mniSvnelovani nawili profesiul qmedebebze gadaitanos. sqesobrivi ltolva gansakuTrebiT aris misadagebuli imisaTvis, rom msgavsi wvlilis ganxorcieleba xdebodes, vinaidan mas gaaCnia sublimirebis SesaZlebloba. mas aqvs unari Caanacvlos Tavisi uaxloesi mizani sxva, ufro maRali da arasqesualuri miznebiT da es yvelaferi garemoebidan gamomdinare xdeba. froidi paralels avlebs infantiluri Semecnebisa da interesis gaRvivebasa da zrdasrulebSi Semecnebisadmi swrafvas Soris. froidi daskvnas axdens, rom rodesac bavSvis seqsualuri kvlevis periodi erTbaSad wydeba gandevnidan gamomdinare, Semdgomi cnobismoyvareobisaTvis sami gansxvavebuli saxis SesaZlebloba vlindeba. SesaZloa kvleva seqsualobis bedisweras iziarebs; cnobismoyvareoba amieridan paralizebuli rCeba da gonebrivi qmedebis Tavisufleba SesaZlebelia iyos Semofargluli mTeli momdevno cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi, gansakuTrebiT ki imitom, rom religiuri aRzrdis meSveobiT am yvelafers uerTdeba axali gonebrivi SezRudvac. naTelia rom amgvarad SeZenili azris sisuste uZlieres biZgs aZlevs nevrotuli daavadebis warmoqmnas. meore tipis SemTxvevaSi inteleqtualuri ganviTareba sakmaod Zlieria, saimisod, rom SeewinaaRmdegos misTvis xelisSemSlel seqsualur gandevnas. infantiluri seqsualuri kvlevis dasrulebis Semdgom, rodesac inteleqti momagrebulia, adrindeli kavSiris zegavleniT, is Tavs aRwevs seqsualur gandevnas da maSin daTrgunuli seqsualuri kvleva brundeba aracnobieridan momabezrebeli analizirebisadmi midrekilebis saxiT, romelic sakmaod damaxinjebulia magram imdenad Zlieri, rom sakuTriv azrovneba seqsualurad aqcios da gonebriv operaciebs mianiWos siamovnebisa da SiSis SegrZnebebi, rac damaxasiaTebelia seqsualuri procesebisaTvisac. mesame saxis tipi aris yvelaze iSviaTi da yvelaze srulyofili, is Tavs aRwevs rogorc gonebriv Sekavebas, aseve azrovnebisadmi nevrotulad Tavsmoxveul midrekilebas. seqsualuri gandevna aqac iCens Tavs, magram misTvis SeuZlebelia seqsualuri siamovnebis nawili gandevnos aracnobierSi, piriqiT libido Tavs aRwevs gandevnas, da Tavidanve ganicdis sublimirebas cnobismoyvareobaSi, ris meSveobiTac Zlierdeba swrafva kvlevisadmi. am SemTxvevaSic kvleva garkveulwilad gadaiqceva vnebaSi da Seenacvleba sqesobriv qmedebas, magram 103

safuZvelSi mdebare fsiqikuri procesebis sruli gansxvavebis meSveobiT veRar miiReba nevrozi, gamoiricxeba kavSiri pirvelad bavSvur seqsualur kvlevasTan da ltolva Tavisuflad emsaxureba inteleqtualur interesebs. Tuki leonardosTan Semecnebisadmi da kvlevisadmi udides ltolvas da misi sqesobrivi cxovrebis simwires ganvixilavT (idealuri homoseqsualuroba igulisxmeba), Tavisuflad SegviZlia is mivakuTvnoT mesame tipis kategorias. is, rom bavSvuri cnobismoyvareobis daZabvis Semdgom seqsualuri interesebis mimarTulebis TvalsazrisiT, man SeZlo Tavisi libidos umetesi nawilis sublimireba moexdina kvlevisadmi midrekilebaSi, swored es warmoadgens misi arsebis birTvs. froidi aRwers leonardos yrmobis xanas. is iyo ukanono Svili, rac im periodSi miRebuli iyo. misi deda katerina, aRar Cndeba mis biografiaSi, mxolod poeti mereJkovski varaudobs misi zegavlenis Sesaxeb mogvianebiT. leonardo izrdeboda Tavisi mamis ojaxSi, romelic iyo notariusi. man miatova saxli rodesac Andrea del Verocchio-sTan saxelosnoSi Sevida. 1472 wels miniSnebulia misi wevrobis Sesaxeb Compagnia dei Pittore-Si. II. leonardo ixsenebs Tavisi bavSvobis mogonebas: rogorc Cans me Tavdapirveladve unda vyofiliyavi esoden safuZvlianad dakavebuli ZeriT. TiTqos da maxsendeba Zalian adreuli mogoneba imis Sesaxeb, rom rodesac me jer kidev akvanSi viweqi, mofrinda Zera, Tavisi kudiT piri gamixsna da ramodenimejer Camiyo pirSi Tavisi kudi. froidi aRniSnavs, rom es iyo sakmaod ucnauri mogoneba, ucnauri Tavisi SinaarsiTa da aseve im asakTan mimarTebaSi, romelic aris aRniSnuli. es imdenad saocrad JRers, rom bavSvi ixsenebs imas Tu rogor gauxsna Zeram piri, rom Cndeba gansxvavebuli saxis varaudi. is ufro Seesabameba arsis wvdomas da sabolood wyvitavs yvelanair sirTuleebs. froidis azriT es scena ZerasTan dakavSirebiT leonardos mogoneba ar aris, aramed aris is fantazia, romelic man Seqmna mogvianebiT da gadaitana Tavis bavSvobaSi. froidi Tvlis, rom fantaziebi ukavSirdeba pirvelyofili wyobilebis mier Camoyalibebul istorias. Tuki misi monayoli warmoadgens mxolod da mxolod gvian Camoyalibebul fantazias, maSin ar Rirs masze SeCereba. misi ganmartebisaTvis SesaZlebeli iqneboda davkmayofilebuliyaviT misdami aSkarad gamoxatuli tendenciis miniWebiT, romelic Citis frenis problemasTan dakavSirebul saqmianobas exeba. magram Tuki fsiqoanalitikosis TvaliT SevafasebT leonardos fantazias ZerasTan dakavSirebiT, is aRar mogveCveneba imdenad ucnaurad. msgavsi sizmari mraval CvenTagans dasizmrebia. interpretacia xSir SemTxvevaSi erotiulia. kudi (cado) aris erT-erTi cnobili simbolo da mamakacis sasqeso organos gamoxatulebis SesaZlebloba, italiurSi ara nakleb vidre sxva enebSi. warmodgena Zeris mier bavSvis piris gaxsnis da Semdeg iq ramodenimejer Cayofisa Seesabameba warmodgenas sqesobrivi aqtis Sesaxeb fellatio. froidi aseve paralels avlebs oralur seqsTan. am SemTxvevaSi ukve sruliad gasagebia, Tu ratom miakuTvnebs leonardo am fantazias ZuZumwovara asaks. (vinaidan froidi Tvlis rom wovisagan miRebuli siamovneba, SemdgomSi ganviTarebas ganicdis oraluri seqsis saxiT). es aris erTgvari reminiscencia dedis ZuZus wovis Sesaxeb, rac adamianurad mSvenier scenas warmoadgens da rasac is ara erTxel gamosaxavda Tavisi funjiT. (RvTismSoblisa da yrmis gamosaxvisas). Tumca froidi Tvlis rom es reminiscencia leonardos mier iyo gadamuSavebuli pasiuri homoseqsualuri fantaziis saxiT. magram saidan aris es dedis gaigiveba ZerasTan? am SemTxvevaSi froidi Tvlis rom es gaigiveba sawyiss iRebs egviptelTa saRvTo ieroglifebidan, sadac dedis simbolo gamosaxulia Zeris saxiT. aseve egviptelebi Tayvanscemdnen dedobis 104

RvTaebas, romelsac qonda an Zeris Tavi an ramodenime Tavi sadac erT-erTi mainc Zeris iyo. am qalRmerTis saxeli iyo muti. froids ukvirs Tu rogor amoirCies egviptelebma dedis aRmniSvnel simbolod Zera. erT-erTi mosazreba ukavSirdeba im faqts rom adre egonaT TiTqos da Zera mxolod mdedrobiTi sqesis arsebobda da rom am jiSis Cits ar gaaCnda mamri. xolo rac Seexeba im sakiTxs Tu rogor axerxebdnen Zerebi gamravlebas, amasTan dakavSirebiT Zalian ararealuri zRapari iyo Seqmnili, rom TiTqosda frenis garkveul momentSi Zera Cerdeba da organoebis gaxsniT ganayofierebas Rebulobs haeridan. Tumca es ra Tqma unda warmoadgenda zRapars, romlisac ar sjeroda umravlesobas da romelsac froidis azriT yvebodnen umeteswilad mxolod sasuliero pirebi, vinaidan maT rwmenas qalwulis ganayofierebasTan dakavSirebiT, garkveul safuZvels uyrida Zeris qarisagan ganayofierebis faqti. froidis azriT Zeris Sesaxeb fantaziis Seqmna SesaZlebelia Semdegnairad warmovidginoT: rodesac man Seityo istoria ZerebSi mxolod mdedrobiTi sqesis arsebobis Sesaxeb, man Tavi warmoidgina Zeris Svilad, romelsac yavs deda, magram ar yavs mama. am mogonebas SemouerTda mogoneba siamovnebis Sesaxeb, romelic mas miuRia dedis ZuZusgan. swored aqedan gamomdinareobs nebismieri mxatvrisaTvis Zvirfasi RvTismSobeli qalwulisa da yrmis gamosaxuleba. sadac leonardos Tavi gaigivebuli yavs qristesTan, macxovarTan. fantaziis analizidan gamomdinare, dedis Canacvleba ZeriT metyvelebs imaze, rom bavSvi izrdeboda mamis gareSe, dedasTan. am fantazias adasturebs is, rom leonardos registrireba mamis ojaxSi rogorc ukanonod Sobili bavSvisa Sedga mxolod maSin, rodesac is ukve xuTi wlis asakis iyo. aqedan gamomdinare sworia is, rom bavSvi Tavisi yrmobis asakSi dedasTan imyofeboda da mxolod da mxolod ramodenime wlis Semdeg, rodesac mamis mdidari meuRle, misi dedinacvali imedgacruebuli darCa sakuTari Svilebis molodinis TvalsazrisiT, is aiyvanes aRsazrdelad mamis ojaxSi. froidi Tvlis rom cxovrebis pirveli 3-4 wlis ganmavlobaSi fiqsirdeba STabeWdilebebi da xdeba garegan samyaroze reagirebis xerxebis gamomuSaveba, rasac gamoricxulia moakldes mniSvnelovnoba nebismieri saxis gviandeli gancdidan gamomdinare. Tuki marTalia, rom adamianis sulier ganviTarebaze gansakuTrebul arsebiT zegavlenas axdenen bavSvobis gaurkveveli mogonebani da maTze dafuZnebuli fantaziebi, maSin is faqti romelic aseve ganmtkicebulia Zeris Sesaxeb arsebuli fantaziiT da is, rom leonardom Tavisi arsebobis pirveli wlebi gaatara dedasTan, Zalian didi gavlenis mqone unda yofiliyo mis Sinagan samyaroze. am fantaziidan gamomdinare is kidev ufro metad iyo CaRrmavebuli kvlevaSi Tu saidan warmoiqmna bavSvi da aseve Tu ra roli ekisreba mamas. am kvlevisa da misi bavSvobis istoriis Soris arsebuli kavSiris SegrZneba iwvevs SemdgomSi misi mxridan garkveul aRniSvnas, rom mis bedisweras Tavidanve Citis frenis problemaSi CaRrmaveba warmoadgenda, vinaidan mas adreul asakSi Zera ewvia. III. egviptelT qalRmerTi muti, romelic gamosaxulia Zeris TaviT aris sruliad usaxuri xasiaTis mqone figura. xSirad is erTvoda sxva dedobriv RvTaebebs, romelTac ufro metad gamoxatuli individualoba gaaCndaT. Tumca is arasodes ar kargavda im maxasiaTeblebs riTac sxvebisagan gansxvavdeboda. es aris egvipturi panTeonis maxasiaTebeli calkeuli RvTaebebi ar ikargebodnen sinkretizmSi. es dedobrivi RvTaeba, Zeris TaviT, egviptelebis mier Sesrulebuli iyo umravles SemTxvevaSi falosiT; misi sxeuli mkerdis gamosaxulebis mxriv iyo qaluri, magram amave sxeuls gaaCnda aseve mamakacis sasqeso organo ereqciis mdgomareobaSi. aqedan gamomdinare qalRmerT muts gaaCnia xasiaTis is dedobrivi da mamakacuri maxasiaTeblebi, rogorc es aris leonardos fantaziaSi! Tumca froidi 105

Tvlis rom is varaudi romlis mixedviT leonardom icoda dedobis qalRmerTis ormagi seqsualuri bunebis arseboba aris saeWvo, mis xelT arsebuli codnis wyaroebi ar flobdnen am maxasiaTeblebis Sesaxeb informacias. miTologiis mixedviT mravali RvTaeba iyo hermafrodituli ormagi sqesis mqone, es faqti exeba ara mxolod egviptur RvTaebebs, aramed berZnulsac, mravali RvTaeba dionises jgufidan iyo ormagi sqesis mqone da aseve berZnuli siyvarulis RvTaeba afrodite Tavdapirvelad mamrobiTi sqesis iyo, romelic SemdgomSi gadaiqca mdedr qalRmerTad. msgavsi hermafrodituli RvTaebebi ganasaxiereben im ideas rom mxolod mdedrobiTi da mamrobiTi sqesis SeerTebiT aris SesaZlebeli RvTaebrivi srulyofilebis miRweva. Tumca froidis azriT arc erTi es varaudi ar ganapirobebs im fsiqologiuri gamocanis axsnas, romlis mixedviTac is iersaxe, romelic dedobriv arss asaxavs, adamianebis fantaziis mier aRWurvilia sapirispiro mamakacuri Zlierebis niSanRvisebiT. froidi Tvlis rom am SemTxvevaSi es aixsneba infantiluri seqsualuri TeoriebiT. froidi aRniSnavs rom bavSvis fsiqologiis wvdomisaTvis unda moxdes analogia pirvelyofil adamianebTan. Cven momzadebuli varT biologiuri analogiebiT imisaTvis, rom individuumis sulieri ganviTareba mokled imeorebs kacobriobis ganviTarebis msvlelobas da aqedan gamomdinare CvenTvis ar aris daujerebeli da saocari is, rasac aRmoaCens bavSvis sulis fsiqoanalitikuri kvleva sasqeso organoebis infantilur Sefaseba/aRqmaSi. froidis azriT Tanamedrove homoseqsualebi midrekilni arian Tavi warmoaCinon Tavidanve ganpirobebul sqesobriv jgufad, erTgvar Sualedur safexurze myof, mesame sqesis warmomadgenlebad. Tumca fsiqoanalizi SesaZleblobas gvaZlevs SevavsoT es naprali da homoseqsualistebis mtkicebaTa Semowmeba moaxdinos. msgavsi Sedegebi iyo miRebuli gansxvavebuli dakvirvebis Semdgom: yvela homoseqsualur mamakacs adreul asakSi gaaCnda intensiuri erotiuli ltolva mdedrobiTi sqesisadmi, rac individis mier iyo daviwyebuli zrdasrul asakSi. Cveulebriv es iyo dedis mimarT arsebuli ltolva, romelic iyo gamowveuli dedis mxridan arsebuli gadametebuli sinaziT da SemdgomSi iyo gaRvivebuli bavSvis cxovrebaSi mamis ukana planze gadasvliT. Sadger-i miuTiTebs rom msgavsi pacientebis dedebi xSir SemTxvevaSi iyvnen mamakacurni, gaaCndaT energiuli maxasiaTeblebi, magram froidze ufro meti STabeWdileba moaxdina im SemTxvevebma sadac mama Tavidanve ar arsebobda, an SemdgomSi moxda ojaxis daSla da biWi Tavidanve iyo dedis gavlenis qveS. amgvari winare stadiis Semdgom xdeba is, rom biWi gandevnis dedisadmi arsebul siyvaruls, Tavs ayenebs mis adgilze, axdens gaigivebas dedasTan da sakuTar pirovnebas iRebs magaliTis saxiT, rodesac irCevs msgavs sasiyvarulo obieqtebs. amgvarad is xdeba homoseqsualuri, magram arsebiTad is ubrundeba autoerotisms, vinaidan biWebi vinc uyvars zrdasruls mxolod da mxolod ganaaxleben da Caanaxvleben mis sakuTar bavSvur pirovnebas da mas isini uyvars iseve, rogorc dedas sakuTari Svilebi. kidev ufro siRrmiseuli fsiqoanalitikuri mosazrebebi ganamtkiceben im varauds, romlis mixedviTac amgvarad Semdgari homoseqsuali, qvecnobierad rCeba fiqsirebuli sakuTari dedis iersaxis mogonebaze. froidi aRniSnavs rom uaRresad didi mniSvnelobis mqonea is faqti rom leonardos qonda dRiuri, sadac awarmoebda iseT Canawerebs, rac mniSvnelovani iyo mxolod misTvis. am dRiurSi is Tavs mimarTavs sakmaod ucnaurad Sen. leonardo am SemTxvevaSi iqceva ise, TiTqos is aris adamiani, romelic miCveulia yovel dRe vinmes Caabaros aRsareba da am vinmes am SemTxvevaSi ganasaxierebs es dRiuri. am dRiurSi yvelaze did ucnaurobas warmoadgens Canawerebi mxatvris xarjebis Sesaxeb, rac aris aRwerili pedanturi sizustiT. amis Sesaxeb mravali biografi aRniSnavs. Tumca rac Seexeba miTiTebebs didi odenobis TanxebTan dakavSirebiT es ar aris aRniSnuli. 106

garda im xarjebisa, romelic mas gamoyofili aqvs sakuTari mowafeebisaTis, leonardos aqvs moyvanili vinme katerinas dasaflavebis xarjebis aRwerac, mxolod poeti mereJkovski iZleva ganmartebas Tu vin iyo es katerina. es iyo lonardos deda vinCidan, romelic Cavida Tavisi 41 wlis Svilis sanaxavad iq gaxda avad da hospitalSi miyvanis Semdgom gardaicvala. msgavsi ganmarteba am fsiqologi-romanistis mier ar aris sando, Tumca sakmaod Warbad warmoadgens simarTles. leonardom miaRwia imas, rom Tavisi grZnobebi dauqvemdebara kvlevisadmi interessa da ltolvas da sruliad Seikava Tavi maTi Tavisufali gamovlenis TvalsazrisiT; Tumca masac qonia momentebi, rodesac daTrgunuli miiswrafvoda gamovlenisaken da erT-erTi aseTi iyo mis mier nayvarebi dedis gardacvalebis momenti. am SemTxvevaSi dasaflavebis xarjebis detaluri aRwera iZleva dedis danakargiT gadatanil usazRvro ubedurebas. aranormalur pirobebSi, nevrozebis SemTxvevaSi da gansakuTrebiT egreT wodebuli akviatebuli mdgomareobebisas, xSirad vxvdebiT msgavs SemTxvevebs. iq Cven vxvdebiT sakmaod intensiur, magram gandevnis safuZvelze aracnobierad gadaqceul SegrZnebebs, rac vlindeba mewvrilmane da xSir SemTxvevaSi absurdul qmedebebSic ki. qvecnobierad is darCa misdami mijaWvuli (dedisadmi), am grZnobebs erotiuli Seferiloba qondaT; amgvari bavSvuri siyvarulis gandevniT Camoyalibebuli winaaRmdegoba aRar iZleoda imis SesaZleblobas rom dRiurSi misi xsovna ufro Rirseulad yofiliyo asaxuli, magram is rac gamovlinda kompromisis saxiT am nevrotuli kofliqtis safuZvelze, unda yofiliyo asaxuli raimenairad da swored amitom iyo dawerili es angariSi, romelic SemdgomSi darCa saidumloebiT moculi STamomavlobisaTvis. froidi Tvlis rom leonardo namdvilad miekuTvneba homoseqsualur tips, romlis fsiqologiuri ganviTarebis aRmoCena SesaZlebeli gaxda CvenTvis, da is homoseqsualuri fantazia romelic mas gaaCnda Zeris Sesaxeb CvenTvis gasagebi xdeba. es fantazia ambobs: me gavxdi homoseqsualuri imitom, rom dedis mimarT mqonda erotiuli damokidebuleba. IV. froidi ver aRwevs Tavs leonardos fantaziaze fiqrisagan. sityvebSi romlebic seqsualuri aqtis intensivobas gamoxataven (da ramodenimejer Cayo kudi pirSi), leonardo xazs usvams dedasa da Svils Soris arsebuli erotiuli urTierTobis intensivobas. am kavSiris intensivobaSi froidi kidev erT components aRmoaCens da amoicnobs. froidi am yvelafris Semdegnair ganmartebas axdens: Cems tuCebze dedis uamravi kocnis kvali aRibeWda. fantazia Sedgeba wovisa da dedis kocnebis mogonebisagan. bunebam xelovani daajildova misTvisve idumali da faruli sulieri moqmedebebis gamoxatvis niWiT, amitomac misi qmnilebebi ipyroben danarCenebis yuradRebas, miuxedavad imisa, rom isini ver xvdebian namdvil mizezs. vinc ixsenebs leonardos naxatebs, gaixsenebs im ucnaur, momajadovebel da idumal Rimils, romelic man mianiWa qalis gamosaxulebebs. SeCerebuli Rimili, gawelil, gamokveTil tuCebze; swored es aris misTvis damaxasiaTebeli da leonardoseuli Rimilis saxelis matarebelia. florentineli mona liza jokondas ucnaurad-mSvenier saxeze es Rimili yvelaze metad ipyrobda da saxtad tovebda mayurebels. is yovelTvis saWiroebda axsnas da mudam aixsneboda naklebad damakmayofileblad. is rac iyo mimzidveli mayureblisaTvis, aris am Rimilis demonuri mojadoveba. asobiT poeti da mwerali werda am qalis Sesaxeb, romelic xan momajadoveblad momRimarea, xan kidev civad da usulod icqireba sivrceSi, veravin ver axsna misi Rimili da ver amoikiTxa misi azrebi. yvelaferi, landSaftic ki idumalia, sizmriseuli (Gruyer) azri imis Sesaxeb rom mona lizas RimilSi ori gansxvavebuli elementi vlindeba mraval kritikoss gaaCnda. aqedan gamomdinare isini mona lizas RimilSi xedaven qalis siyvarulSi gabatonebuli dapisipirebebis srulyofil 107

gamoxatulebas, TavSekavebulobasa da momajadovebulobas, erTgulebiT savse sinazesa da xistsa, momTxovns, sruliad ucxo mgrZnobelobas, rac ipyrobs mamakacs. leonardo am naxatze muSaobda oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi, maSin rodesac TviTon is 50 wlis iyo. vazaris sityvebiT, is yvelanair xerxs mimarTavda rom am qalbatonis saxeze Rimili SeeCerebina mTeli seansis ganmavlobaSi. mTeli im sinatifidan rasac gadmoscemda misi funji tiloze, mxolod SeumCneveli nawili darCa. ra Tqma unda TviT leonardos es naxati sruliad ar akmayofilebda. vinaidan mona liza warmoadgens portrets, is ver mianiWebda am naxats im maxasiaTeblebs rac Tavad gaaCnda. mas Semdeg es Rimili yvela mis naxatze gamoisaxeba. TviT leonardom ganicada am Rimilis zegavlena da gamosaxavda mas yvela mis qmnilebaSi. Tumca zogierTi biografis mixedviT SesaZlebelia gansxvavebuli interpretaciac. am SemTxvevaSi am mimzidveli Zalis kidev ufro metad siRrmiseuli gaazreba aris nagulisxmevi. W. Peter-i am naxatSi xedavs mTeli kulturuli kacobriobis siyvaruli gancdis gamoxatulebas. man Zalian zustad gamoTqva rom leonardos mier gamoxatuli Rimili yovelTvis gvibiZgebs vifiqroT uwmindurobis Sesaxeb: es naxati bolos da bolos aris portreti. SesaZlebelia mivadevnoT Tvalyuri im faqts Tu rogor erTiandeba es gamosaxuleba misi bavSvobis ocnebebTan, rom ar gvqonoda sapirispiro damadasturebeli faqtebi, SesaZlebeli iqneboda gvefiqra TiTqos es qali leonardos mier sabolood napovni idealuri qalis gansaxierebas warmoadgenda. vazari ixsenebs, rom leonardos pirveli mcdelobani saxviTi xelovnebis dargSi warmoadgendnen Tixisagan damzadebuli momRimare qalbatonebis Tavebi da aseve ramodenime bavSvis Tavi. vazari Tvlis rom es imdenad ostaturad iyo Sesrulebuli mis mier, rom SesaZlebeli iyo gvefiqra TiTqos xelovanis xelma daamzadao. froidi Tavis mxriv xazs usvams im faqts rom orive gamosaxuleba romelic misi pirveladi mxatvruli gavarjiSebis Sinaarss warmoadgens exeba fantazias Zeras Sesaxeb. es aris is ori seqsualuri obieqti romelic gamoikveTa Zeris fantaziis analizisas. Tuki bavSvebis mSvenieri Tavebi warmoadgendnen misi rogorc bavSvis pirovnebis asaxvas, maSin momRimare qalbatonebi ra Tqma unda katerinas warmoadgendnen. aqedan gamomdinare Cven gviCndeba varaudi rom dedamiss gaaCnda es idumali Rimili, romelic Semdeg isev iyo napovni leonardos mier florentinel qalbatonSi. froidi aseve yuradRebas amaxvilebs wminda anas, RvTismSoblisa da Zis gamosaxulebis naxatze, romelzedac qalebis iersaxeebze naTlad aris gamoxatuli leonardoseuli Rimili. rTulia dadgena aris Tu ara es pirdapiri zegavlena lizas portretis Semdeg, vinaidan am naxatebis Seqmna sakmaod didi xnis ganmavlobaSi mimdinareobda. rac Seexeba wminda anas, RvTismSoblisa da Zis gamosaxulebas, upirvelesyovlisa naxatis siuJeti aris sakmaod iSviaTi italiuri saxviTi xelovnebisaTvis. leonardosTan mariami zis dedis kalTaSi, aris win gadaxrili da xeli aqvs gaSlili vaJisaken, romelic eTamaSeba kravs. bebia momRimare gasxivosnebuli RimiliT uyurebs am suraTs. es Rimili romelic orive qalis saxezea ra Tqma unda mona lizas Rimils warmoadgens, Tumca dakarguli aqvs idumali xasiaTi, is ufro gaciskrovnebuli da netaria. am naxatis siuJeti SesaZlebelia iyos leonardos bavSvobis istoriis sinTezis matarebeli. Tavisi mamis saxlSi man moipova ara mxolod deda aramed bebiac mona luCia, romelic mis mimarT aranakleb keTili iyo. kidev erTi gasaocari detali romelic iZens kidev ufro met mniSvnelobas. wminda ana, romelic unda iyos ufro solidur asakSi, SesaZloa gamosaxulia am naxatze ufro xandazmulad mariamTan SedarebiT, magram miuxedavad amisa is aris axalgazrda qalbatoni, romelsac jer kidev ar daukargavs qaluri silamaze. faqtiurad 108

leonardom vaJs ori deda mianiWa: erTi romelic xels iSvers misken, xolo meore romelic ukana planze imyofeba, orive maTgans gamosaxuli aqvs netari Rimili. Tumca muteri magaliTad varaudobs rom leonardo saerTod ver bedavda gamoesaxa sibere, naoWebi. leonardos bavSvobac msgavsi xasiaTis iyo, mas ori deda gaaCnda, pirveli namdvili, katerian, xolo meore dedinacvali dona albiera, romelic mis mier lmobieri da nazi iyo. swored aqedan gamomdinare Camouyalibda mas es kompozicia wminda ana sameuli erTad. dediseuli figura ufro metad aris CamoSorebuli vaJisagan. is gamosaxavs bebias, Tumca naxarSi Tavisi adgilmdebareobiTa da ganlagebiT vaJis mimarT ikavebs katerinas adgils. wminda anas netari RimiliT mxatvarma is Suri dafara rasac ganicdida is ubeduri qali, rodesac man dauTmo didgvarovan qalbatons Tavisi Ze, imis msgavsad rogorc Tavis droze daTmo Tavisi meuRle. aqedan gamomdinare sxva namuSevaric adasturebs im faqts, rom mona lizam gaaRviZa leonardoSi mogonebani adreuli bavSvobis periodidan. froidi Tvlis, rom dedis siyvaruli ZuZumwovara bavSvis mimarT, romelsac is aWmevs da romelsac uvlis, aris gacilebiT ufro siRrmiseuli gataceba, vidre misi gviandeli grZnoba Svilis mimarT romelic izrdeba. Tavisi bunebiT es aris sasiyvaruli kavSiri, romelic savsebiT akmayofilebs ara mxolod yvela sulier moTxovnilebas, aramed yvela fizikur moTxovnilebasac. yvelaze bednier axalgazrdul qorwinebaSic ki mama grZnobs, rom bavSvi, gansakuTrebiT ki patara vaJi, misi metoqe xdeba da swored aqedan iRebs saTaves Rrma Seurigebloba ukanasknelis mimarT. froidis azriT SesaZloa rom leonardo am iersaxeebiT uaryofs da xelovnurad Trgunavs Tavis aranormalurad ganviTarebul grZnobas, da amgvari netari SerwymiT gamosaxavs qalur da mamakacur arss, rac dedis mier motyuebuli vaJis survili asrulebas warmoadgens. V. leonardos dRiuris CanawerebSi aris erTi Canaweri romelic gansakuTrebul yuradRebas ipyrobs, Tavisi Sinaarsis mravalmniSvnelovnobiTa da mciredi formaluri Secdomis gamo. 1504 wlis 9 ivliss, oTxSabaTs, dilis 7 saaTze gardaicvala senior piero da vinCi, podestis sasaxlis notariusi; mamaCemi 7 saaTze. is iyo 80 wlis; datova 10 Svili mamrobiTi sqesisa da 2 mdedrobiTis. am CanawerSi saubaria leonardos mamis sikvdilze da SesamCnevia erTi umniSvnelo Secdoma is orjer imeorebs dros, Tavidan da boloSi. es mxolod da mxolod wvrilmania, romlis Sesaxeb sxva arafsiqoanalitikosi arc ki dafiqrdeboda. fsiqoanalitikosisaTvis yvelaferi warmodgens sulieri procesebis gamovlinebas; msgavsi dabneulobisa daviwyebisa da ganmeorebis safuZvelze misTvis SesaZlebelia faruli zraxvebisa da ltolvebis/biZgebis gamocnoba. SesaZlebelia iTqvas rom es Canaweric msgavsad katerinas dakrZalvisa da misi mowafeebisaTvis saWiro nivTebis angariSebisa warmoadgens mis afeqtur mdgomareobas. formac ki msgavsia pedanturoba da wina planze cifrebis wamoweva. msgavs ganmeorebas Cven vuwodebT perseveracias. es aris Zalian kargi saSualeba saimisod rom moxdes afeqturi elferis amocnoba. leonardos rom ar qonoda afeqtis daTrgunvis mcdeloba, es adgili dRiurSi gaiJRerda Semdegnairad: dRes 7 saaTze, gardaicvala senior piero da vinCi, Cemi sawyali mama! magram perversiis meSveobiT gulgrilobamde dayvanili gardacvalebis Setyobineba, rac gamoixateba saaTis gansazRvriT sruliad arTmevs am Canawers paToss da saSualebas iZleva amovicnoT rom iyo garkveuli ram rac unda yofiliyo dafaruli da daTrgunuli. senior pireo da vinCi iyo sakmaod energiuli adamiani, romelmac amis wyalobiT daimsaxura pativiscema da moipova keTildReoba. is iyo daqorwinebuli oTxjer; misi pirveli ori meuRle gardaicvalnen uSvilod, 109

mxolod mesamem aCuqa mas kanonieri vaJi, am droisaTvis leonardo iyo 24 wlis da ukve didi xnis wamosuli iyo mamiseuli saxlidan veroCios saxelosnoSi. meoTxe da ukanaskneli meuRlisagan romelic piero da vinCim moiyvana 50 wlis asakSi, yavda 9 vaJi da 2 qalwuli. mamas garkveuli mniSvneloba gaaCnia leonardos fsiqoseqsualuri ganviTarebisadmi da ara mxolod uaryofiTi TvalsazrisiT Tavisi dauswreblobis gamo adreul asakSi, aramed uSualodac Tavisi daswrebiT misi gviandeli bavSvobis asakSi. is vinc bavSvobisas ganicdis ltolvas dedis mimarT SeuZlebelia ar ocnebobdes mamis adgilas yofnaze; is axdens sakuTari Tavis gaigivebas masTan da SemdgomSi miznad isaxavs dajabnos igi. homoseqsualurobisadmi midrekileba rogorc cnobilia Cndeba mxolod sqesobrivi momwifebis periodSi. rodesac es dro dadga, mamasTan gaigivebam dakarga leonardos seqsualuri cxovrebisaTvis yovelgvari mniSvneloba, Tumca iyo SemorCenili sxva araerotiul sferoebSi. Cven viciT, rom mas uyvarda kargi tanisamosi, yavda cxenebi da mosamsaxureebi Tumca ki xSir SemTxvevaSi am yvelafris SesaZlebloba ar qonda. is ubralod cdilobda mamis kopirebasa da mis dajabnvas. mamamisi dedasTan mimarTebaSi iyo didgvarovani, aqedan gamomdinare leonardos qonda tendencia to out Herod daejabna herode. leonardos samxatvro SemoqmedebisaTvis misi gaigiveba mamasTan sabediswero Sedegis mqone iyo. is qmnida Tavis naxatebs da Semdeg aRar zrunavda maTze, misi mamis msgavsad. mamis mxridan momdevno wlebSi uxvi zrunvis miuxedavad es misTvis damaxasiaTebeli iyo, vinaidan adreuli bavSvobis periodi yvelaze STabeWdilebiani aris, xolo gandevnili da aracnobierSi darCenili gamousworebelia gviandeli gancdebis meoxebiT. aRorZinebis xanaSi, aseve mogvianebiTac, nebismieri mxatvari saWiroebda mfarvelsa da maRalCinosan batons. leonardos SemTxvevaSi es iyo ludoviko sforce, saxelad moro. mis karze leonardom Tavisi cxovrebis yvelaze brwyinvale periodi gaatara, razec metyvelebs saidumlo seroba da amxedrebuli franCesko sforces qandakeba. leonardo gaemgzavra milanidan ufro adre, vidre ludoviko moros katastrofa SeemTxva. is gardaicvala patimrobaSi erT-erT frangul cixeSi. sakuTari batonis Sesaxeb leonardo Semdegi saxis Canawers awarmoebs Tavis dRiurSi: hercogma dakarga Tavisi miwa, qoneba, Tavisufleba, da arc erTi mis mier wamowyebuli saqme ar iyo miyvanili bolomde. gasaocaria rom am SemTxvevaSi Tavis patrons is swored ise sayvedurobs, rogorc mas sayvedurobda SemdgomSi STamomavloba, TiTqos da mas surda vinme mamaTagani yofiliyo pasuxismgebeli misi dausrulebeli namuSevrebis gamo. sinamdvileSi is ar iyo usamarTlo hercogis mimarT. froidi xazs usvams imas, rom fsiqoanalizma gvaswavla mamiseul kompleqssa da RmerTis rwmenas Soris arsebuli intimuri kavSiri; man gvaCvena, rom piradi RmerTi idealizirebuli mamis msgavsia. yoveldRiurad Cven vadevnebT Tvalyurs im faqts, rom axalgazrdebi kargaven religiur rwmenas maSin, rodesac imsxvreva mamis avtoriteti. aqedan gamomdinare mSobelTa kompleqsSi Cven aRmovaCenT religiuri moTxovnilebis fesvebs. leonardos xelovnebis Sesaxeb ambobdnen rom misi wmindanebis figurebidan gamqrali aris eklesiuri dogmatizmis ukanaskneli narCenic ki, isini miaxlovebuli arian adamianurTan, rom maTSi udidesi da umSvenieresi grZnobebis asaxva iyos SesaZlebeli. froidis azriT eWvgareSea, rom leonardom dajabna rogorc dogmaturi, aseve piradi religiac da Tavisi kvleviTi samuSaoTi sakmaod CamoSorda morwmune qristianis azrovnebasa da msoflmxedvelobas. froidi isev ubrundeba fantazias Zeris Sesaxeb da xazs usvams leonardos cxovrebaSi Citis frenis Seswavlis mniSvnelobas. erT-erTi sakmaod gaugebari adgili mis CanawerebSi romelic JRers rogorc winaswarmetyveleba, romelic 110

Citis frenas exeba, asaxavs imas, Tu ra afeqturi interesiT iyo is ganwyobili frenis xelovnebis dauflebisadmi: es didi frinveli, Tavis pirvel frenas ganaxorcielebs didi gedis qedidan, riTac qveyana aRivseba gakvirvebiT, xolo xelnawerebi ki qebiT da im budes romelSic is gamoiCeka, samaradiso dideba moelis. ratom esizmrebaT adamianebs rom maT SeuZliaT frena? fsiqoanalizi Tvlis rom frena, an frinvelad gardasaxva warmoadgens gansxavebuli survilis SeniRbvas. am survilis axsna SesaZlebelia sityvieri da aseve sagnobrivi mtkicebulebiT. Tuki cnobismoyvare bavSvebs uyvebian rom iseT did frinvels rogoric aris wero, patara bavSvebi moyavs, Tuki antikur xanaSi faloss gamosaxavdnen frTebiT, xolo italielebTan mamakacis sasqeso organo atarebs saxelwodeba luccello (frinveli/Citi), es yvelaferi imis maniSnebelia rom frenis unari sizmarSi aRniSnavs sqesobrivi aqtivobis SesaZleblobas/unarianobas. Tuki zrdasruli ixsenebs Tavis bavSvobas is mas bednierad eCveneba, magram es sruliad ar niSnavs imas, rom bavSvisaTvis es periodi idiliuria. TviTon bavSvebisaTvis sasurvelia iseTi qmedebebis ganxorcieleba rac zrdasrulebisaTvisaa mxolod SesaZlebeli, isini cdiloben rac SeiZleba ufro swrafad gaiaron bavSvobis wlebi. am SemTxvevaSi froidi Tvlis, rom magaliTad aviatika, romelmac Cven droSi Tavis daniSnulebasa da mizans miaRwia, safuZvels iRebs infantilur erotizmSi. leonardo garkveul wilad cxovrebis bolomde darCa bavSvuri, saerTodac amboben rom bumberazi adamianebi inarCunebdnen bavSvurobas mTeli cxovrebis ganmavlobaSi. magaliTad zrdasrul asakSi is isev TamaSobda rac misi garSemomyofTaTvis sakmaod ucnauri da arasasiamovno iyo. VI. froidis namuSevris mizani iyo leonardos seqsualur cxovrebaSi arsebuli Sekavebebis/Seyovnebis da misi samxatvro Semoqmedebis axsna. am TavSi is leonardos fsiqikis ganviTarebis ganmavlobaSi garkveuli aRmoCenebis mimoxilvas axdens. SeuZlebelia misi STamomavlobis garkveva, Tumca naTelia, rom adreuli bavSvobis xana masze mavnebel zemoqmedebas axdens. misi ukanono dabadeba CamoaSorebs leonardos pirveli xuTi wlis ganmavlobaSi mamas da am drois ganmavlobaSi masze mxolod deda zrunavs. cqerisa da Semecnebis ltolva waqezebuli iyo misi adreuli bavSvobis STabeWdilebebidan gamomdinare; piris erogenuli zona iZens im mniSvnelobas, romelsac samudamod inarCunebs SemdgomSi. cxovelebisadmi gviandeli gadametebuli mgrZnobelobidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia davaskvnaT, rom bavSvobis am periodSi is sadizmis Zlieri maxasiaTeblebiT gamoirCeoda. rodesac ymawvilobis periodSi sqesobrivi aRgznebis talRebma ifeTqa, seqsualuri ltolvis umetesi nawili Semecnebisadmi ltolvaSi iqna sublimirebuli da aqedan gamomdinare gandevna ar momxdara. libidos SedarebiT naklebi nawili SemorCa seqsualuri miznebisaTvis da zrdasruli leonardos atrofirebul seqsualur cxovrebas warmoadgens. dedisadmi libidos gandevnis Sedegad es mciredi nawili gardaisaxeba homoseqsualurobaSi da vlindeba biWebisadmi idealuri siyvarulis saxiT. aracnobierSi rCeba fiqsireba dedisa da maT Soris arsebuli urTierTobebis netari mogonebebisadmi, magram es pasiur mdgomareobaSi rCeba. Tavisi bneli bavSvobis Semdeg, leonardo mogvevlina rogorc mxatvari da moqandake. froidis azriT es niWi gaZlierda masSi bavSvobis pirvandel wlebSi gamowveuli cqerisadmi ltolvidan gamomdinare. Tavdapirvelad ymawvil asakSi, leonardo TiTqos da Tavisuflad muSaobs, yovelgvari Seyovnebis gareSe. vinaidan Tavis garegan cxovrebaSi is mamiseul iersaxes hercog ludoviko moroSi xedavs. am periodSi is ganicdis mamakacur SemoqmedebiT siZlieresa da mxatvrul produqtiulobas. magram sul male, mis magaliTze vlindeba, rom realuri sqesobrivi cxovrebis TiTqmis sruli 111

daTrgunva ar warmoadgens ufro karg pirobebs SemoqmedebiTi Zalisa da mxatvruli produqtiulobisaTvis. am qmediTunarianobaze aisaxeba realuri seqsualuri cxovrebac, amitomac aqtivoba da swrafi gadawyvetilebisadmi swrafva klebas iwyebs. es aisaxeba saidumlo serobis namuSevarze da wyvets am qmnilebis beds. procesi imdenad nela xorcieldeba rom SesaZlebelia misi Sedareba regressTan nevrotikebis SemTxvevas Tu davesesxebiT. sqesobrivi momwifebisas ganviTarebuli mxatvari dajabnulia bavSvobisas gansazRvruli mkvlevariT; es aris misi erotiuli ltolvebis meore sublimireba, romelic uTmobs asparezs ufro adre, pirveladi gandevnisas aRmocenebuls. leonardo mkvlevari xdeba, Tavdapirvelad Tavisi SemoqmedebisaTvis sasargeblod, xolo SemdgomSi ki misgan damoukideblad. xandazmuli asakis mwvervalze, mas Semdeg rac man ormocdaaT wels gadaabija, saqme exeba im periods, rodesac qalis sqesobrivi cxovreba SeCerebulia, xolo mamakacis kidev erT energiul mozRvavebas ganicdis, leonardoSi kidev erTi cvlileba iCens Tavs. misi sulis siRrmiseuli fenebi ufro metad aqtiurni xdebian, da es meoradi regresia sakeTildReo aris misi SemoqmedebisaTvis. is xvdeba qalbatons, romelic masSi bednieri, netari Rimilis Sesaxeb arsebul mogonebas aRviZebs da misi zegavleniT masSi aRmocendeba is survili, romelic amoZravebda leonardos momRimare qalbatonebisa da biWebis Zerwvisas. is xatavs mona lizas, wminda anas sameulSi da mTel rig naxatebs romelTa idumaleba gamorCeulia Rimilis gamo. Tanamedrove biologia ganmartavs adamianis konstituciis mTavar maxasiaTeblebs qaluri da mamakacuri sawyisebis gaerTianebis gziT; lamazi garegnoba da aseve is faqtic rom leonardo iyo memarcxene (cacia), garkveulwilad sayrden wertilebs iZleva. magram froids mainc ar surs fsiqoanalizis kvlevis niadagis mitoveba. amis mizania garegani gancdebisa da maTze reagirebis mqone pirovnebas Soris arsebuli kavSiris Zieba. froidi Tvlis rom Tuki fsiqoanalizi ver xsnis leonardos SemoqmedebiTobis mizezebs, is SesaZlebels xdis misi talantis gamovlinebebisa da naklulovanebis Semecnebas. mxolod da mxolod is adamiani, romelmac ganvlo leonardos bavSvoba, SesZlebda daewera mona liza da wminda ana, Tavisi nawarmoebisaTvis msgavsi bediswera mieniWebina da moexdina progresireba Semecnebis sferoSi, TiTqos da misi qmnilebebisa da warumateblobebis gasaRebi Zeris Sesaxeb bavSvur fantaziaSi imyofeba.

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