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iw mis re Nav Eng! eters yf Pre-Intermediate Workbook with key New GB iweeUl ww ca y English Course John and Liz Soars OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS OXFORD (Grea Clarendon Stoct, Oxford. OX2 DP (stor University Pres isa department of the University of Oxford furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide in Oxf New York ‘Auckland Bangkok Buenos Altes Cape Town Chennai Dar Salaam Delhi Hong Kong Istanbul Karachi Kolkata aula Lumpur Madrid Melbourne Mexico City Mumbai Nairobi Sto Palo Shanghai Tipe Tokyo Toronto (Oxford and Oxford English are registered sade marks of (Oxford Univesity Pres inthe UK and in certain othe countries, ‘© Oxforé University Press 2000 “The moral rights ofthe author eve been asertod Database right Oxford University Pes maker) First published 2000 “Tenth impression 2003, No unauthorized photocopying [sights reserved. No par of his publication may be eproduce, ‘stored ina reteieral system, oF transmitted in any form or by any means, without he prior permission in writing of Oxford University Press, or as expresily permitted bylaw, or under terms agreed th the appropriate reprographics rights organization. Equities concerning reproduction outside the scope ofthe above should be sent tothe BLT Rights Department, Oxford Univesity Pres, a the adress above ‘You must not circulate this hook in any other binding or cover and you must impose this same condition on any acquirer Any websites refered to in this publication are inthe public domain and their addresses are provided by Oxford University Press fr information only, (Oxford University Press disclaims any responsibility forthe content ISBN 0 19 43667233 Printed in China Acknowledgements Revision: Tne and eos rien by key Lambert Ilusteations by: ‘Advan Harclay pp22, 3; John Batten pp, 21,49, 6; Kathy Baxendale pl Emma Dodal Back Hat pp 27, 72; Mack Daffn ps Nel Gower ppI3,28 55: Tima Kahane pp 12, 25,79; Hare Venn p10, 18,3, 3,45, 53,6, 68, 69, 7 Celi Witch pp, 28, 36 465,65, 76 “The publishers would like to thank the fllowing for their Kind permission to reproduce photographs: ‘Aviation Picture Library pH (pilot); Bubbles Photlibrary pp9 (boy with horse Jennie Woodcock), 48 (child Being fel/G Du Feu); Corbis UK Lad p82 (Cher and er children; PA Neos Photohibrary ppSt (adventurer David emplensan-Adam), 52 (commuters), 60 (tein crash: Popperfoto pp3s (camel) 42 (Chee perfoming/Reutrs, Sonny and Cher), 61 {making parachutes) 63 (Frankenstein); Rober! Harding Picture Library p84 (AeropolisTony Geri Sally & Richard Greenhill p70 (ballet dance Stone DIS (teenage gk Tweedie), 19 (male executvelD Oliver, Pst OfficelD Jacobs), 2 (sheep grazing/Mike McQueen}, 38 (Bondi each/D Armand), 37 (Gridges ver The Tyne/Geoft Johnson), 38 (granddcughter with grandiathen!® ‘Aon, 40 (couple working on compate, man on telephone!D Basler, (elderly patinBruce Ayres, man playing guitar Prerck, ride and groomsC Henderson), 44 (young man ironing/B Ayes, girl coking/W Hodges), 50 (Amtarctical® Mear, British Transglobe Expedition’8 Campbell), 58 (sling ‘woman’ Thomas), 60 (smiling man/? Core ran jgging/® Thomas), 6 (climber wearing equpmentP Souders, eg below tble/DoueTSI Imaging), 71 (couple looking at travel brochures Siteman}, 78 (man playing ssxophoneiC Kunin), 80 (woranlS Godlewsi, sa! Due, Telegraph Colour Library pps (Ben Nevis RLzene), 19 (storm damage/Comnet Ld), 433 (Sydney Opera House Ross), 37 (ralings by eivefBibikow, Newcastle ‘Upon Tyme/M Fife), 52 (Eurostar esr? Adams) ‘Commissioned photography by Gareth Boden pp7, 16,48 CONTENTS ‘Tenses 1 Recognizing tenses 2. Choosing the correct form 6 3 Correcting mistakes 6 Question forms 4 Making questions with auxiliaries 6 5 Making questions with doldoestdid 6 6 Question words 7 7 Word order 7 8 Which question word? 7 9 What = noun, How + adjective or adverb 8 10 Replying with a question 8 Vocabulary 11 Jobs 8 Writing 12 Writing an informal letter 9 Present Simple 1 Making negatives 10 2 Making questions 10 3 Shortanswers 17 4 Third person singular 17 5 Adverbs of frequency 11 Present Simple or Continuous? 6 Spelling of the present participle 12 7 Choosing the correct form 12 8 What does she do? or What is she doing? 12 havethave got 9. Making statements and negatives 13 10 Short answers 13 Vocabulary 11 Things in the house 14 Writing 12 Linking words— but, however 14 13 Describing a person 15 Cie Past Simple 1 Choosing the right verb 16 2 Making negatives 17 3 Making questions 17 4 Short answers 17 5 Past Simple forms 17 6 Past time expressions 18 Past Continuous 7 Forming the Past Continuous 18 8 Newspaper stories 19 Past Simple or Continuous? 9 Choosing the correct form 19 Vocabulary 10 have+ noun = activity 20 Writing. 11 Linking words — while, during, and for 20 12 Writinga story 21 Cz] Count and uncount nouns L aor some 22 2 chocolate or a chocolate 22 Expressions of quantity 3 some or any? 23 4 How muck? or How many? 23 5 much, many, or a lot oft 23 6 afewor alittle? 24 Articles 7 alanor the 24 8 Noarticles 24 9 a, the, or nothing? 25 Vocabulary 10 Spelling of plural nouns 25 11 Clothes 25 Writing 12 Fillingin forms 26 Tine Verb patterns 1 Hopes and ambitions 27 2 Infinitive or ing? 28 3 Asking questions 28 would like (to do) or like (doing)? 4 Would you...2 or Doyou..? 28 5 Choosing the correct form 29 6 would like or like? 29 will and going to 7 Offers and decisions 29 8 Whet’s going to happen? 30 9 Choosing the correct form 30 Vocabulary 10 Words that go together 31 Writing 11 Writing a postcard 32 Ted What... like? 1 What islare... ke? 33 2 What was'were... like? 33 Comparatives and superlatives 3 Forming comparatives and superlatives 34 4 Howoldami? 34 5 Opposite adjectives 35 6 asor thant 35 7 as. as/ 35 8 Making sentences about you 35 Vocabulary 9 Adjective formation 36 ‘Writing — Relative clauses 10 whorthatlwhich/where 37 11 Describing a place 37 [ie Present Perfect, 1 Using the Present Perfect _ 38 2. Making positive and negative sentences 38 3 Making questions 4 Short answers 39 5 Past participles 39 6 foror since? 40 39 Tense revision 7 Using the correct tense 8 Asking questions 40 Vocabulary 9 Men and women 41 40 Writing 10 Relative clauses 41 11 Writing biography 42 [One have (got) to 1 have got to 43 2 haveto 43 3 Making questions 4 Short answers 44 5 Making positive and negative sentences 44 should 6 Giving advice 7. Asking for advice a 45 have to or should? 8 Using the correct form 46 must 9 must for strong obligation 46 Vocabulary 10 Job descriptions 46 Writing 11 Writing a formal letter Present Simple or will 1 Choosing the correct form 2 48 Conditional clauses 2 First Conditional 48 3 Making questions 49 4 Making negatives 49 5 ifor when? 49 Time clauses 6 Present tense or future 7 Joining sentences 50 8 Choosing the correct conjunction 50 9 Tenses and time expressions 50 51 Vocabulary 10 Preposition + word 51 Writing 11 Discussing ideas UNIT 10 Verb patterns 1 Infinitive or ~ing? 53 52 2 Choosing the correct form 53 3 Infinitive or ~ing? 54 4 Asking questions 54 used to 5 Matching 54 6 Things used to be different 55 Infinitives 7 Infinitives after adjectives 55 8 Infinitives of purpose 55 9. How to do it/something to eat 56 Vocabulary 10 ~ed or -ing adjectives? 56 11 Rhymes 56 Writing 12 Formal and informal letters 157 [Oia The passive 1 Forming the passive 2 Making questions 3 Making negatives 4 Short answers 59 5 Newspaper stories 58 99 59 60. Active and passive 6 Notices 61 7 Active or passive? Vocabulary 8 Words with more than one meaning 62 6 Writing 9 Writing a review of a book or a film 63 UNIT 12 Second Conditional 1 Jimmy's dreams 64 2 Making questions 64 3 Laura's dreams 65 4 Short answers 65 Tan 65 might 6 might = will + perhaps 66 7 Choosing the correct form 8 Worries 67 9 Trying to decide 66 07 Vocabulary 10 Phrasal verbs 67 Writing 11 Adverbs 68 12 Writinga story 2 [IaH Present Perfect Simple 1 What’snew? 70 2 yetand already 71 3 Questions and short answers 4 been or gone? 71 68 7 Present Perfect Continuous 5 What has Ann been doing? 6 Making questions 72 72 ‘Tense review 7 Choosing the correct tense 73 8 Forming the correct tense 73 9 A conversation between old friends 73 Vocabulary 10 Words that sound the same 74 Writing 11. Expressions in letter writing 2. Formal and informal letters 2 (aL Past Perfect 1 Matching 76 2 What happened first? 74 75 76 3 Past Simple or Past Perfect? 77 4 Joining sentences 77 Reported statements 5 What did she say? 77 6 Reported to direct speech 78 Vocabulary 7 sayand ell 78 8 Words that are often confused 79 Writing 9 Writingastory 3 80 Tenses 1 Recognizing tenses Complete the texts using theverbs in the box. can makes studying lives teaches wants loves doesn't have has “re listening like ‘m sitting come 'm going to study live doesn't work "replaying emigrated didn'tlike have "re going went Tenses + Questions Jobs + Writing an informal letter Creare Enrique (1) in Puebla, a town in Mexico, He a student. He(2) medicine because he (3) tobea doctar He's married. but he () His wife, Siva, () in aprimary school Enrique (6) cooking. He (7) an excelent enchilada! any children, Hil My name's Rumi and) from (Osakain Japan (2) My father (3) busines, but my mothe (4) Next year (5) economicsat unversty with ny patents 16) going out with my friends. the picture (7) ina bar with Noriko and Toshi, We (8) to music Bruce's Australian. He (1) in Engand, but he 2) to Australia wher he was sx He() back to England once. but re (4) it becauseit was so cold after Australia He and his brother (5) with their parents in Melbourne They 6) abig ousernot far from the beech. In the picture he on the beach withis iiends. They 7) volleyball Tonight he’ going out with his girlfriend. They (8) tothe cinema, Unit 1+ Getting to know you 5 2. Choosing the correct form Choose the conrect form of the verb. 1 I'mspeaking /1 speak / I'm speak three languages: French, Spanish, and English. 2A Where does Hans come / Hans come / is Hans coming from? B_ He's Swiss. He comes from Zurich, 3A What you do /do you do / are you doing tonight? 'm going out Where's George? He has /’s having / have a shower. What means this word / does mean this word/ docs this word mean? B I don't know. Look it up. 6 A Doyou wanta cigarette? B No, thanks. I don’ sinoke /no smoke / smoke not. Last year I went / go /wasgo to America on holiday. 8 How long you stay / did you stay / stayed youin America? pape 9. The weekend was boring. | no do / didn't / didn’t do anythin; 10. A I'm going to university next year B_ What are you going to / you going t0/ do you study? 3 Correcting mistakes Correct the mistakes in these sentences, 1 Atthe weekend I'm usually go swimming. 2 Are you enjoy the party? 3. We can't play tennis because it rains. 4 Do you can play chess? 5. How many sisters you have? 6 Ino understand what you're saying. 7 What you do tonight? 8 What time you get home last night? 9 Last weekend I see some friends and we have a meal. 10 P'm loving English food. Its wonderful! 6 Unit 1 + Getting to know you Question forms 4. Making questions with ausiliaries ‘Write Yes/No questions for these sentences. 1 She's French, Is she French? Ws raining. They're at school, ‘They're learning English, You're tired. Pmright. He was born in 1960, 2 3 4 5 6 Shewasat homelast night. 7 8 9. You can speak Danish. Making questions with do/does/did Write Yes/No questions for these sentences 1 You like music. Do you like music? 2. She comes from France. 3° They live in a flat. 4 You take sugar in tea 5 speak English well 6 She watched a film lastnight, 7 started at 8.00, 8. Youwant to go home. 9 He works hard, 6 Question words Match the questio 1s and answers. | What do you do? a 2 Who did you go out b with last night? © Fine. And you? 3. Where do you live? 4 Maria and Pedro. 4 When’ your birthday? | U'ma teacher. 5 Whyare you wearing | The Times. asuit? g Ws today! h Thirty dollars. Twenty-five. | 6 How many students Pm sure its mine. are there in the class? Ina flat inthe 7 How much did you centre of town pay for your shoes? i 8 How are you? 9, Whose is this money? 10 Which newspaper do you read? Because I'm going toan expensive restaurant. 7 Word order Put the words in the correct order to make questions. ‘Then answer the questions about you, 1 buy/you/the/did/at/what/shops/? 2. is/who/teacher/your/English/? 3. parents/moment/where/your/the/atiare?? 4 cinema/you/go/last/when/did/the/to/? 5 learning/you/why/English/are/? 6 you/how/to/come/school/do!? 7. brothers and sisters/you/many/havelhow/do? 8. Which question word? ‘Complete the conversation with question words Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Dad Kate Hi, Dad, Moming, Kate, Fine, thanks. bit tired. are you today? I didn't hear you come home last night Q) time did you get in? About 1.00. @) did you go? Just round to Beth's house. ‘There's a letter for you on the table. Oh! (4) isit from? I don’t know, Open itand see. Oh! (6) ‘sthe matter? Nothing. It's from Luis in Spain ‘Thar’ interesting He says he’s coming to England soon, (6) 2 Because he’s going to study English @) is he going to stay? Here in London. (8) chool ishe going to? He doesn't know y 0) : Next week. You must invite him round, (10) dont you write back and invite him to Sunday lunch? OK, 1 will. Thanks, Dad. Unit» Getting to know you 7 9 What + noun, How + adjective or adverb Vocabulary Match a question word in A with a wordin Banda line in C. Then answer the questions about you. MW fobs ' ss ee Add a suffix from the box to the words to make jabs. a |B c Change the spelling when necessary, When does the shoes do you take? pronunciation change? | colour didyou getup tis morning? | = in | far do you read? —$__— tll | is it from your house tothe sort town centre? | How much are you? What | often | isyour hie | | size do you go swimming? | long does hamburger cost in | newspaper | your town? | mie misc time of musicdo you like? | | does your English lesson last? a {_| youn | Ce Do eC SNL ¥ “& 3 science 4 6 8 9 10 10 Replying with a question Write the questions 1 Wehad a wonderful holiday. Where did you go? 7 interpret 8 dlectrie 2 'mreading a good book at the moment. H 31 bought a new car last week. Nick and I had a great night out on Saturday. a es nie 9 photograph 10 police 5 Ann's going to China next week 6 David earns more than £200,000 a year! 7. ‘They have so many children! 12 reception Unit 1 + Getting to know you Writing 12 Writing an informal letter 1 Look at the organization of this informal letter. We begin all letters with Dear... ,your address, and the date, but not your name, 38 Clifton caraens London Nwé agp Introduction | 27 September 7 Maria Where you lve | oi, very pleased that we'n: a aaa tel You a Little apse: eins 20 be pentriends “, 0 the same wi elf, and you o Who youtive with [\_ ~ fame when you and you ca: ‘What you do What you like ~ Tel go to the 1 ea lot of cal comprehen friends of then! In the o neive senoo: I like most subjec: venings I some: ind listen to m ol, where I have jects, tut not all times visit friends Your hobbies and interests | weekends I like ¢, ag or wave, Winans like going Swimming nae ame - oF horse-riainn the moment a ; z= | satjh Merking very hard because 1, — ° I'm spending a lot of Pia the a Fret W lot of tine in the m Looking fom ward to hearing ¢, Youcan end alettertoa friend with Best wishes or Regards, or Love, if you me know them well Write yout Best wishes Your signature | Francis Jones 2 Write a similar letter to a penfriend in England. Your penfriend can be male or female. Write about these things: what you do your hobbi your family, Unit 1 + Getting to know you 9 10 Unit 2» The way welive Present tenses » have/have got Things in the house Writing — linking words Present Simple 1 Making negatives Correct the sentences. 1 “The sun rises in the west. The sun doesn’t rise in the west. Irises in the east 2 The Pope livesin Alaska. 3. Manchester United footballers wear yellow shirts. Kangaroos come from Canada. The sun shines at night. 6 In Britain people drive on the right. 2. Making questions Write the questions. 1 Lget up at What time do you get up? 2 Atthe weekend I usually go to 3. The bank opens at 4) My mother comes from 5. My children go to school. Which 2 6 My brother works in : Where 2 My sister drives a What sort z 3 Short answers Answer the questions about you. Use short answers. 1 Do you smoke? Yes, Ldo./-No, L don't Do you like science fiction? 3. Do you dream a lot? 4 Do you listen to the radio? 5. Do your parents read a lot? 6 Does your teacher give you a lot of homework? 7 Does it rain alot in your country? 4. Third person singular 5. Adverbs of frequency Write the third person singular of these verbs Put the words in the correct order. 1 help helps 1. cinema/you/to/often/go/the/do? 2 watch watches 3 want r/eat/I/because/don't/Litike 3. listen/evening/the/to/parents/radio/the/my/always/in 4. holiday/how/do/haveloften/a/you/? 5. sometimes/restaurant/we/lapanese/go/a/to 6 for/late/neverlam/school/I Unit 2 + The way welive 1 n Present Simple or Continuous? 6 Spelling of the present participle Write the -ing form of these verbs. 8 9 10 u 2 1B lb 15 read reading swim swinming come coming think shine smoke have take set sop begin 7 Choosing the correct form Choose the form of the verb. 1 1 go /am going to work now. Goodbye! I read / am reading a book about astrology: [read / am reading lots of books We go /are going to a party on Saturday. Nurses look /are looking after people hospital, comes /is coming from She comes /is coming for dinner this evening. I speak /am speaking four languages, Do you want / Are you wanting 10 0 out tonight? Unit 2 + The way we live 8 What does she do? or What is she doing? Look at the picture and answer the questions. 1’ Tony. I'm ay taxi-ariver. What does Wendy do? She's a nurse Is she worl inthe hospital now? No, she isn’t What’s she doing? She’s having dinner. What does Frank de? Ishe working in a restaurant now? What's he doing? What does Tony do? Ishe driving a taxi now? What’she doing? What does Lisa dot Is she working in the kitchen now? What'sshe doing? Im Lisa Vm 4 chef have/have got 10 Short answers Answer the questions about 9. Making statements and negatives Joely and about you Use short Look at the picture of Joely’s bedroom. Complete the sentences in two answers ways, once with has/doesn’t have and once with 's got/hasn’t got. 1 Does Joely have an untidy 1 She has.a CD player. 4 She a television. edraount She's gota CD player. She atelevision. Yes, she does, 2 She atennisracket. 5 She a computer. 2. Has she got posters on her walls? She a tennis racket. She a computer. Yes, she has. 3 she alotofCbs. 6 She a Walkman. 3. Has she got alot of clothes! She alorof CDs. She a Walkman. 4. Doesshe havea camera? 5. Has she got a computer? 6 Doesshe havea lamp in her room? 7 Have you got a bike? 8 Do you have alot of money? 9. Have you got a CD player? 10 Do you have agood English accent? Write some sentences about your bedroom. P've gota bed, but I haven't got.a basin, I’ve got.a radio, but | don't have a TV, Unit 2 + The way welive 13 Vocabulary 11 Things in the house “4 Match the words and pictures. armchair sofa | bookcase carpet window curtains chest of drawers lamp 1 3 4 5 6 Unit 2 + The way we live cupboard rug wardrobe mirror Writing 12 Linking words ~ but, however 1 Complete the sentences with and, 0, oF but. 1 She ean speak French, she can’t write it 2. He's going to work in Spain, he’s learning, Spanish. 3. I went into town. I bought some food I went to the library. 4 Thaven't gota car, ve got a motorbike. 5. She’s working lat come to the party pext Friday, she can't But and however can contrast ideas, but they are used differently. Compare these sentences. What differences ‘can you see? learnt French easily, but I didnt like my teacher. I earnt French easily. However, didn’t like my teacher. 2 Join the pairs of sentences in two different ways using but and however 1 We enjoyed the holiday. It rained a lot. 2. He's moving to London next month. He doesn't like big cities. 3. She isn't English, She speaks English perfectly 0s used to express the result ofthe statement before Because expresses the reason or cause of something. Cause Result It started to ain, x0 we stopped playing tennis. Result _——__—_—Cause We stopped playing tennis because it started to rain. 3 Join the pairs of sentences in two different ways using so and because. 1 Shewent home. She was tired. a) b) 2. We didn't enjoy our holiday. ‘The weather was bad, a) b) 3. He worked hard. He passed all his exams. a) b) B Describing a person Complete the text with alinking word from the box. [and but so however] 8 = People say | look like my sister (8) we 4 } both have brown eyes (9) dark hair. £ (10) , We are very different in character. She's very quiet, (11) Ima My sister and | are very different, (1) lotihiore sociable, wwe get on well together. She likes staying at home in the evening (2) ____ watching television with her boyfriend, () \ prefer going out with my friends. We like to go to clubs or the cinema. Sometimes we just go to @ café. | have exams soon, (4) I'm not going out very much at the moment. My sister is six years older thanme,(5)___she works in a bank, She's trying to save some money (6) _ __ she's going to get married this year. Her fiancé’s name is, | Sache (7) we all call him Freddy. Write a similar short paragraph about yourself and someone in your famil Unit 2 + The way we live 15 Past Simple 1 Choosing the right verb Complete the text with a verb from the box in the Past Simple. fall find break | faugh spend leave | tose need take celebrate save can't (past = couldn't) Gary Smith yesterday celebrated. his twentieth birthday, but he’s lucky to be alive. In March this year, he was climbing Ben Nevis, Britain's highest mountain, when he (1) his way and (2) : hours in sub-zero temperatures. “My friends (3) oat me for having .so much survival equipment, but it (4) my life sixteen Past Simple + Past Continuous have + noun * Writing a story 1 CE) LOST ALONE, AND INJURED ONA MOUNTAIN (On the first night, the weather was 0 bad that it tore his new mountain tent to pieces, so he moved into 2 Youth Hostel, He (S) the hostel at 10.00 the next morning, but that afternoon he was in trouble. him at 9.00 the next morning. A ‘1 (6) ‘off a rock and helicopter (10) him to a —— my left feg. 1 hospital, where he (11) @) —— move.’ several operationsNext time I'll go Mountain rescue teams went out to look for Gary, and (9) - with my friends, not on my own!” he joked 16 Unit 3 Itall went wrong 2. Making negatives 4. Short answers Correct the sentences, Answer the questions about Gary in exercise 1 Shakespeare wrote stories. and about you. Use short answers Shakespeare didn't write stories. Did Gary get lost? He wrote plays. Yes, he did, 2. Christopher Columbus discovered India. Did he have a lot of equipment? 3. Did he go with friends? 3. Beethoven came from France. 4 Did he hurt his hand? 4 Leonardo da Vinci lived in Mexico. Did you do your homework last night? 6 Did you do any sport yesterday? 5. The Americans landed on the moon in the 19th century. Did it rain yesterday? 6 The Buddha came from Australia, 5. Past Simple forms Write the Past Simple of these verbs. work worked 3 Making questions sive saved Write the questions. stop, stopped 1 Lwent to the States in 19, ome came When did you go to the States? = 2 went to for my last holiday. plan Where r male help 3. We stayed in ae Whee i travel 4 We stayed there for weeks. fee How long 2 aaah 5 Wehad weather, like Did good weather? rob 6 We traveled round by send How : walk 7 We had food. smile Did good food? ap know Unit 3 + It all went wrong 17 6 Past time expressions Complete the sentences with a word from ‘ful! Sometimes no word is Tarrived home at six o'elock last night. Tsaw Jane — yesterd: ago last in for | at when on 1 Iwas bom in Africa 1970. 2. My parents moved back to England was five 3 We lived in Bristol three years, 4 Lleft college three 5 found a flaton my own last 6 Lusually go home the weekend, 7 Ididn go home weekend because some friends came to stay 8 They arrived three o'dlock the afternoon, 9 Saturday evening we went out toa concert. 10 ‘we got home we listened to TL We got up late Sunday morning, R the afternoon we went fora 13. I boughta car a few weeks 14 Thad an accident last night. 15. Ithappened seven o'dock the ening. 16 [took my car to the g age this morning, 17 twill be ready two weeks. 18 Unit3 - It all went wrong Past Continuous 7. Forming the Past Continuous Yesterday you went to a party. This is what you saw when you arrived, Make sentences in the Past Continuous. When I arrived atthe party. 1 Jenny/talk/to Mick Jenny was talking to Mick. 2 Annie and Pete/dance 3 Sarah and Bill/sivon the sofa 4. Katie/choose/a CD 5. Max/drink/champagne 6 Beth and Dave/eat/crisps 7 Justin/show/Lucinda a photograph 8. Harry/smoke/a cigar 9 James/tell/a joke 8 Newspaper stories iw Look at the three newspaper stories. Match the phrases with the correct story. Where exactly do they go? 1 [-] ‘Iwas working in the garden at the time; she explained, 2 [_] «.. because they were wearing masks 3 [-] ‘Iknow I was driving fast, he explained to the court. 4 . when he was travelling at 120 miles an hour 5 cho was coming home from school at the time 6 [_| The bottom of the tree was slowly moving, TREE DESTROYS aoe eter Yesterday afternoon a 35- year-old housewife narrowly escaped death when a tree blew over and fell onto her house, completely destroying i “It was quite windy. 1 heard a strange noise coming, from our tree. Suddenly the wind blew a little stronger, and J watched it crash the roof? The Bowles fami are staying with friends while their house is r POST OFFICE ROBBERY Yesterday afternoon thieves stole £500 from a post office in Preston, Lancashire. Police do not have a good description of the two men, but they know that they escaped in a red Ford fortina, ‘This information came from an I1-vearold boy, Charlie Carrack ‘The post office in Preston Jere Motorist Driving at 120 mph Motoris: Jeremy Page had to pay a fine of £330 at Durham Magistrates’ Court yesterday for speeding. Police stopped him on the motonvay ‘The speed limit on y Page — moiorways is 70 miles “This was because 1 was late for Past Simple or Continuous? 9 Choosing the correct form Choose the correct form of the verbs. 6 [met / was meeting a friend while I did / wes doing the shopping, I paid / was paying for my things when I heard / wus hearing someone call my name. {tured / was turning round and saw / was sevngg Paula She wore / was wearing a bright red coat We decided / were deciding to have a cup of coffee. While we had / were having a drink, a waiter dropped / was droppinga pile of plates. We all got / were getting a terrible shock. While the waiter picked / was picking up the broken plates, he cut / was cutting his finger Unit 3 + ttall went wrong 19 Vocabulary 10 have + noun = activity Writing 11 Linking words ~ while, during, and for (® taveis often used with anoun to express a form of acon 5 Thad 2 shower and went to bed. Where did you have lunch? Haves good weekend! Notice that, with meals, we donot use a. Thad breakfast/lunch. Complete the sentences with a form of haveand a noun from the box drink argument look swim bath breakfast’ = word day game time dinner 1 ‘Would youlike to have a drink ? “Yes, please. I'm very thirsty? 2 ‘Did you watch TV last night?” 'No, and went straight to bed? “Did you “Yes. L won 6-0, 6 od of tennis?” 4 ‘Bye, Mum. 'm going to the party no ‘Goodbye, darling, anice ! “Did you this morning?” ‘No. I got up too late. just had a cup of coflee! 6 ‘Tm going to a and wash my hair | feel dirty Thave a swimming pool in the garden, so if you want to a «just come round. 8 ‘Did you a good atthe office, dear? °No, I didn’t. The boss was very angry with me? 9. Peter and I always argue. We don’t agree about anything, Yesterday we an about polities. 10. P'vegot my holiday photographs. Do you want to 1 John! Could a with you for a minute? There's something I want to talk to you about. 20° Unit3 + Ital went wrong '® | whiteisa conjunction, andis followed bya clause subject + verb) Ifyou say happened while ¥ happened, it means X ard Y happened atthe same time. { met Peter while | was studying at university 2 During isa preposition, andit is followed by a noun. Ithas a similar meaning to while. © Irvorked om a farm during the holidays. The noun after during expresses an activity that takes time. during the filrn/tesson/aftemoon/ football match Wile and during answer the question When? 3 For a preposition, and answers the question How long? itis followed by atime expression. lived there for three years/six months. We're having aholiday for two weeks/a couple of days. 1 Complete the sentences with while, during, or for. 1 Tell and hurt myself Twas playing. tennis, It started to rain the match. We played tennis two hours. 2 Lworked in Italy three years. the summer I stayed on a farm in “Tuscany. Hearned ttalian Twas there. 3. We went on holiday in Florida the day it was very hot, butit was cool at night. We went to Disneyland wewere there: 4. We had a lovely meal yesterday. We sat at the table three hours. the meal we exchanged news. Twas talking to Barbara, [learned that ‘Tony wasin hospital. 2 Read the story and look at the pictures. Complete the text with while, during, or for. A Disastrous Sailing BILL AND SIMONE BUTLER left Suddenly, water started flooding in, (6) their terible Mami one summer weekend on their and they realized that they were in experience. annual sailing holiday, in their boat, trouble. They quickly jumped into the (7) the next 50 Siboney. They wanted to sil round the lifeboat (4) the boat days they caught about ten fish a day Caribbean Sea () two was sinking, and watched it disappear and ate them raw. They saw about weeks under the sea twenty ships, bt although they waved Q their holiday, Fortunately, they had enough food and shouted (8) they they saw a large group of whales. Bill and water (5) ‘were passing, nobody saw them. They and Simone were very excited. twenty days. They also had a fishing were becoming weaker and weaker, Unfortunately.) they line and a machine which made salt Then, just as they were beginning to were watching them, the whales began water into drinking water These lose hope, a fishing boat rescued them. tohit the side of the boat. two things helped them to survive Their disastrous holiday was over. 1. Writing a story 1 Write a story of about 150 words. The story is about a time in your life when everything went wrong, You can choose one of these subjects if you like + the day you woke up late for an exam, + aterrible day at work + an argument with your best friend + your worst birthday ever + an awful wedding Unit3 = Ital went wrong 2! n 1 aorsome? Put a/an before the count nouns, and some before the uncount nouns. 10 nt a 1B 4 18 Unit 4 + Lets go shopping! a chair some sugar stamp book petrol tree alr mone} pound job work apple fruit tomato soup problem information Count and uncount nouns * Expressions of quantity Articles * Plural nouns * Clothes Writing - forms Count and uncount nouns 2 chocolate or a chocolate? Sometimes a noun can be both countable and uncountable. Look at the pictures and complete the sentences with a + noun or just the noun, 1 Idon't like Would you like chocolate a chocolate ? Ineed some Can you buy drink a lot of Let’shave Have Have some It’s made of Would you like of water? Would you like Have some Expressions of quantity 3 some or any? Complete the sentences with some or an: 1 haven't got paper. 2 Tilbuy paper when I go to the shops. 3 Isthere petrol in the car? 4 Yes.t put in yesterday. 5 tought fruit, but they didn't have vegetables. 6 Doyouhave change? I need 50p. 7 Isaw change on the table a minute ago. 8 Ineed help with my homework. Are you free? 9 Tdon’t have 10 Did youhave exercise? free time today. Sorry. problems with this 4. How much? or How many? M How many? questions with How much? or 1 We've got some eggs. How many eggs have we got? 2 We need some flour. How much flour do we need? 3 She has a lot of children, 4 Can you buy some butter? want? 5 Their house has a lot of bedrooms. 6 Some peopleare coming for a meal on Sunday. 7 Shakespeare wrote a lot of plays. 8 She earns a fortune! 5 much, many, or alot of? Look at the picture. Complete the sentences with mnuch, many ‘or a lot of 1 Thereare alotof apples. 2. The shop hasn't got much washing powder. 3 There's oil 4 The shop has bottles of water 5 There isn't frozen food. 6 ‘There aren't sweets, 7 The shopkeeper has got chee 8 Teansee newspapers. 9 But I ean'tsee bread 10. There isn't yoghurt, 11. The shop hasn't got birthday cards 12, But there are grapes! 13. Why aren't there magazines? 14 But there is rice! Unit 4 + Lets goshopping! 23 6 afew ora little? Mateh a in in A with a line in Band a line in C. 1 Does your tooth hurt? 2 Were there many peopleat the party? | 3-Isthere any food left over? 4 Have you got any whisky? 5 Do you have any books on French literature? 6 Would you like some cream? | 7 Arethere many Spanish people in your class? 8 Do you watch much TV? 9 Do you get many letters? | 10 Do your children get lot of homework? | Articles 7 a/anor the? ERED Complete the sentences with a/an or the V bought @ hatand © pair of shoce at the shops. Unfortunate shoes are wrong si: 2 A Where are B They'rein 3 My sister's teacher in Leicester: She has three childs e. Pll take them back tomorrow. children? garden. school near Wo girls and boy. sirlsare in her class at school, but boy isn't old enough for school yet. Jane and Bill are very nice couple. She has clothes shop,and he works in office in centre of town, 5 A Where are my shoes? B On kitchen. © A How much are the driving lessons? hour, 7 When you come to bed, can you put floor in B Fifteen pounds catout and turn off lights. 8 went to 9 What's to last night? restaurant last night. name of re 24 Unit4 + Lets go shopping! B c {takes them about an hour a night. Tm trying to lose weight. You can borrow them if you want. The children ate most oft But | preferreading. Do you want some ice init? | Aline, Bur most of them come from France. | But no one that you know, But most of them are bills. 8 Noarticles We do not use a/an of the when we talk about things in general Matcha noun in A with a verb in B and aline in Cto make general statements, ja 8 | Cows | comes | oil and petrol | Leaves | like | fomgrapes, | Wood falloff | grass | cats is | intrees | Wine « ful of vitamins. | Birds live | to school until th | Children | cat trees in autumn, | cars floats | eating fish Fruit need | on water. 6 afeworalittle? Match a tine in A with a in Banda line in C, 1 Does your tooth hurt? 2. Were there many people at the party? 3. Isthere any food left over? 4 Have you got any whisky? 5 Do you have any books on French literature? 6 Would you like some cream? 7 Are there many Spanish people in your class? 8 Do you watch much TV? 9 Doyou get many letters? 10. De your children geta lot of homework? Articles 7 a/anor the? GEBD Complete the sentences with a/a or the: 1 bought a hatand a pair of shoes the shops. Unfortunately shoes are ‘wrong size. I'll take them back tomorrow. 2A Where are children? B They're in garden 3. Myssister’s teacher in schoo! near Leicester. She has three children, two girls and boy. girls are in her class at school, but boy isn't old enough for school yet. 4 Jane and Bill are very nice couple, She has clothes shop. and he works in office in centre of town, 5A. Where are my shoes? B On floor in kitchen. 6 A How much ate the driving lessons? B Fifteen pounds, hour. 7 When you come to bed, can you put cat out and turn off lights? 8 Twent to 9 What's restaurant last night, name of restaurant we went to last night? 24 Unit * Lets go shopping! Afew. | Wtakes them about an houra night. | Fm trying to lose weight, | ‘You can borrow them if you want. | | ‘The children ate most oft. But I prefer reading, | Do you want some ice in it? Alitte. he But most of them come from France. 1 go to the dentist tomorrow. | But no one that you know. But most of them are bills. 8 Noarticles We do not use a/an or the when we talk about things in general Match a noun in A with a verb in Band a line in C to make general statements, [a » le | | cows comes | oiland petrol. | | Leaves like | from grapes. | Wood — | falloff | grass. | | Cats is | intrees | | Wine 0 | full of vitamins. | | Birds live to schoo! until they're 16, | } Children | eat trees in autumn, | | Cars | floats | eating fish. | | Bra on watel 9 a, the, or nothing? Complete the sentences with a th or nothing. 1 Tcome to _— school by —_ bus 2 Thismoming bus was late 3. My favourite subject is history, butl'm not very goodat___ maths. Ankara is capital of Turkey. 9 Lwork for company that makes carpets 6 My friend lives in same street as me. 7 Iwas at 8 Wehad home all day yesterday. lovely holiday in Spain, We're going back there next year 9 Heathrow is busiest airport in Europe 10. Leave early if you want to miss rush hour. 11 We arrived in Parison third of August 12 Last night we had dinner in restaurant 13 Twwent to bed late 14 What time does your plane arrive? P'll come to airport to meet you Vocabulary 10 Spelling of plural nouns 1 Write the plural form of these nouns. 1 boy 9 church 2 lady 10. address 3 day 1 story 4 potato 12. sandwich, 5 party 13. key 6 watch 14 video 7 glass 15 way 8 city 2 These nouns are irregular. Write the plural form. 1 chile 4 tooth 2 person 5 sheep 3 woman 6 fish TI Clothes Write the words, Unit 4 + Lets go shopping! 25 Writing 12 Filling in forms 1 Mateh the expressions and questions 1 First name | a Are you married or single } 2 Surname |b What do you do in your free time? 3. Date of birth © What's your phone number? 4 Place of birth, dd What's your first name? | 5 Permanentaddress © What do you do? | Marital status f Where were you born? 7 Occupation g Wh 8 Qualifications |b What's your family name? j were you born? 9. HobbievInterests What degrees, diplomas, certificates, etc. do you have? 10 Teno, Where do you live? 2 Do these things. Write about you, 1 Write your name in capital letters 3. Delete where not applicable, (Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms) 2: Write your signature, 4. Write your postcode. 3 Complete the form. The Oak Tree School of English Enrolment form PLEASE WRITE INCAPIIAL LETTERS Mi Ms/ms Family name First mame Date of birth Nationality Language(s) ‘Address in your country Occupation Date of arrival Date of departure Reason for learning English: Business/pleasure/exams/other “(If other, please specify) How many hours a day do you want to study? How long are you going to stay atthe «choot? What date do you want to start? Signature ‘Delete where not applicable 26 Unit 4 - Let'sgo shopping! Verb patterns « Future forms Words that go together * Writing a postcard COS cerernr cu Verb patterns 1 Sheila/teacher/work/sith children 1 Hopes and ambitions ne Sheila wants to be a teacher because she likes Write a sentence about working with children, each of these people's Sheila hopes to be a teacher because she loves working with children. Sheila would like to be a teacher because working with children. Jane/veuwork/with animals 3. Malcolm/farmer/he/outside in the fresh air 4. Suzy/stockbroker/want/earn/a lot of money 5 Gillido voluntary service/helpichildren in developing 6 Janine/accountant/work/with numbers My father/retire next yearlwant/have more free time 8 Myparents/buy/a cottage by the sea/sail Unit § + What do you want todo? 27 2 Infinitive or -ing?“* Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb, the infinitive or -ing Sometimes both are possible. 1 Lenjoy walking 2 Would you like to have (have) something to eat? (walk) in the rain, 3 Twant (see)a film on TV this evening. 4 Thope (earn) some money soon, 5 When did you finish (paint) the kitchen? (lear) English when I was seven, 7 Some people like (have) breakfast in bed, but I dont. 8 Don't forget (post) my letter! 9 We've decided (get) married in the spring. 10 When she saw how I was dressed, she started (augh). 11 What do you want (do) ‘onightz 12 Pa tike (go) to the theatre, 13. Hove listen) to live music, 14. She continued (talk) during the whole meal ‘Asking questions Write B's questions and complete A's answers. 1A Thope to go to university. B_What/want/study/? What do you want to study? A. _Lwantto study — maths. 2 A Carol phoned while you were out, B_ What/want/talk abouvy? A problem she’ having. 3 A Lleftmy job yesterday. B Why/decide/do that? A because it was boring. 4A I'm going to bed early because { have a plane to catch tomorrow. B_ What time/want/leave the house/? A as early as possible. 5 A Thatbook you lent me was great! B_ When/finish/readiiv/? A last night. 6 A I don't want to go out tonight. B_What/would like/do/? A stay at home and have an early night. would like (to do) or like (doing)? 4 Would you... ? or Do you ..? Match the questions and answers. | 1 Would you like to watch TV? 2. Would you like something to eat? 3. Doyoulike parties? 4 Doyoulike chips? 5. Doyou like watching TV? L — 28 Unit - What do you want to do? 6 Would you like to come to a party on Saturday? | eN Yes, especially flms and cartoons. ] ‘Yes, I'd love to. What time? No. There’s nothing good on tonight, I'm afraid I don't think they're noisy, and there are usually too many people. think they're very bad for you. Noy thanks.1'm not hungry. | 5. Choosing the correct form will and going to Tick (¥) the correct form of the verb. : (2) the correct y 7. Offers and decisions 1A: [2] Would youtltes drinkt Lookat the pictures. What are the people saying? X) Do you like a drink? Make sentences with will B_ Yes, please, Pll have an orange juice > (1) Do you like your teacher? {1 Would you like your teacher? B Yes, she’s very nice. 3A [_| Do you like going for walks? Would you like to go for a walk? B Yes, Lofien go walking in Scotland. 4A [| Doyou like swimming? Would you like to go for a swim? B_ What a good idea! I's 0 hot today! 5 A [_] What doyoutike doin atthe weekend? What would you like to do this weekend? B Hike putting my feet up and relaxing. Sometimes I play tennis. 6 A [_] What doyou ike to do in the evening? {[] What would you like to do th B_ Why dont we pop round and see Pat and Peter? 6 would like or like? EEED Complete the sentences with wonld like (10 do) or like (doing) and the correct form of the verb. 1A What sort of books you (read)? BI biographies and thrillers. 2A you (be) a teacher when you grow up? B_ No. They don't earn very much and they work very hard 3 A Its Sophie's birthday soon. B Is it? What she (have) for a present? A Well, know she (cook). Why don't you buy hera new cook book? 4. My daughter hasa lot of pensand penails. She (draw) My son is a very fast runner. He says that one day he (run) in the Olympic Games. Unit 5 = What do you want todo? 29 30 8 What's going to happen? Look at the pictures. Whats going to happen? Make sentences with is/are going to-+ verb 1 Is going to main, 3 4 9 Choosing the correct form Choose the correct form of the verb. 1A Why are you working so hard these days? B_ Because 1'll buy / 1's going to buy a car, so I’m saving as much as | can. 2A What will you buy /are you going to buy Fill for her birthday? B ACD. A. She hasn't got a CD player B_ Oh. Fil buy /’m gowng to buy heea book, then 3A Dad.can you mend this for me? B can't sorry. Ask Mum. She'll do/ She's going to doit for you. 4A Why have you got so many eggs? B_ Because I'l mate /'m going to make an omelette. 5 A What will you do /are you going 10 dotoday? B_ 103 John’s birthday, o Fil make /'m going to makehima cake. 6 A Lhave an appointment with the bank manager this morning. B_ Why will you see / are you going to seehim? A Because my husband and I will start /are going fo start our own business, and we need some money A. Thaven't got enough money to get home. Til lend / Tin going to lend you some, if you like. How much do you want? Two pounds is enough. 'l give /T'm going to give it back tomorrow. Unit + What do you want to do? Vocabulary 10 Words that go together 1 Matcha verb in A with a line in B. lA ls | 1 wear athe washing | | | 2st b astory | 3 drive € aphotograph | 4 take 4d acheque | 5 do © avin | 6 make f asuit | | | 8 pox |W asitene 9 ride i ataxi | fio pack | 5 an {in pm kate |12 order | 1 afilmon TV 13 watch m ahorse 14 take |» avi L J 2. Complete the sentences with a preposition from the box [for a in to with _—_of 1 Tmwaiting the postman to arrive 2 Look that picture! Isnt it beautiful! 3 V'mlooking Mary. Is she here? 4 Mybrotherworks IBM 5 Ifyou havea problem, ask help. © Are you interested history? 7 Did you know that Helen is gett 8 CanIspeak you fora minute? 8 Tagree you about most things, but not polities 10 Mychildrenare afraid dogs. 11 Areyougood tennis? 12 This guide bookis full __useful information. married James? Unit § + What do you want to do? au Writing 11 Writinga postcard 1 Read the posteard. What is the only adjective used by Bill and Sue? Bill and Sue use nice eight times, Complete the sentences below with a better adjective from the box. Use each adjective once only. Careful! Sometimes more than one word is possible, but not always! lovely small terrible comfortable spectacular old long good We're having a time here in Scotland B We're stay the weather is, gina hotel 4 We have mountains, views of the The castle was really We're hoping to go fora walk by the lake 7 Did you havea time in Italy? 32 Unit 5 + What do you want to do? We're having a nice time here in Scotland, but the weather ien't very wice. We're shasing ina nice hotel near a nice town called Aberfeldy. We have mice news of the mountains and forests trom our bedroom Yesterday we went 10 ste Blair Caste. 2+ wae really nice feday we are hoping to ge tor 4 Neel walk by the lake (Caled a Weck’ here!) Did you have a Kee time in Dbald? weil rin you rext week. vi 2 Love, Bull and Sue XXKK Leura Green ‘Waite Gates 8 Shire Lane Chesswood Herts wos 70z 3. Where were you on your last holiday? Imagine you are sill there. Write a postcard toa British friend, but use the adjective nice once only! Write about these things. + the weather + the accommodation + something you did yesterday + something you are going to do today What ... like? 1 What is/are .. like? 1 Your friend is living in Australia for 2 year. Ask questions about the country. 1 the weather What's the weather like? the countryside 3 thepeople 4 thetowns 5 Sydney 6 thebeaches 7 the TV programmes 2 Match a question in exercise 1 ‘with an answer, a [4] There aren't many, mainly on the coast heyre b [_) Ishot nearly all year round ¢ [| Wea lovely place. The Opera House is fantastic. d [| There are millions of sheep and a lot of desert. © [) They have beautiful white sand, and are miles long £ [7 They're really nice and friendly. 8 [_) They're OK. Pretty simihr to home, really. What like? Comparatives and superlatives Adjectives * Writing — describing a place Eonar 2 What was/were.... like? Complete the questions about Rober’ terible holid 1A B A B 3A B A B > What __ was the hotel like? Awful. My room was tiny, and the service was bad. What like? It was terrible, I waited over six hours for the plane. What like? Awful! It rained every day! What like? They were crowded and dirty: There was no sand on them, just stones! What like? Disgusting! Chips with everything and they didn’t cook it very well Unit 6 + Tell mel What's it like? 33 Comparatives and superlatives 3. Forming comparatives and superlatives Look at this extract from the Oxford Wordpower Dictionary. It shows when an adjective with a consonant doubles in the comparative and superlative forms. Look at your dictionary. Does it give the same information? Write the ‘comparative and superlative forms of these adjectives. i je | tie = happy | uppier | appt ] | tin | eowtitil | | || busy | new | | | patient | | | lovely | | | young | hot | | | | baa good | | | comfortable | mean fit generous | large 4 How old am I? Read the text and answer the questions SUL rUUUU (have two sisters, Abgal_and Sil, and two bothers, Gaiam and Robert Abril 1 twenty. Sil ta coe years younger thay Abgal, but she is twe years older than Robert Robert 5 four years younger than me, and he ts eight yeares younger than Graham 34 Unit6 + Tell me! What’ it ike? big /big/ adj. (bigger, biggest) 1 large: Manchester is a big city 2 important: / have some big nevs! 1 How old am? 2 Who is the youngest in the family? 3. How old is Robert? 4 Is Jill older than me? 5 AmI the oldest i the family? 6 Who are the twins? 5 Opposite adjectives Complete the sentences with an ‘opposite adjective in its comparative or superlative form. 1 Robert isthe oldest inthe family No,he isn't, He’ theyoungest . 2. Bob is more polite than his brother. No heisn't.Hes cade ¢ 3 I'mthe tallest in this class! aren't. You're ie she beot 4. Myhomework was worse than yours. No, it wasn't. It was ACM § 5 ‘The weather today iscolder than yesterday. No,itisnt. ws rates Ay 6 She bought the cheapest watch in the shop. he No, she didn't. She bought ene eee Hoh 7 Jack’s meaner than Alan. No, he isn't, He's oie genet nL, 8 Janet arrived later than John, Noy she didn’t. She arrived gor Kee 9 This is the easiest exe this book, No, itisn't. tse uot 4h; 6 asor than? ‘Complete the sentences with as or than, 1 Are you as tall your brother? 2 She's not as clever her sister, 3. Was Joan's party better han Maria's 4 I'mstudying the same subject "2 Emma. 5 Linworks much harder: lips. job. 6 Thaventt got as many cousins _+ 7 as as... as Rewrite the sentences with as 1 Bob’ taller than Jack Jack's not as tall os Beb. 2 Bob got more presents than Jack. Jack didn’t get as many presents as Bob. 3 il's more intelligent than Bill. Bil’s not 4 The sun's hotter than the moon. The moon isn't 5 Are you and your husband the same age? Are you your husband? 6 Youcan read more quickly than I can, Lean't 7 Harry won more money than Bill. Bill didn't win 8 ‘Is Switzerland bigger than Luxembourg?'“Yes, its ‘Is Luxembourg ? No,it isn't? 9. Eva's work is better than mine. My work isn’t 10 Dogs are friendlier than cats Catsaren't 8 Making sentences about you Write nine sentences about you and your family. (Three comparatives, three superlatives, and three with as... as) Tm more hard-working thar my sister My grandfather isthe oldest. T'm not as patient as my mother. Unit 6 + Tell mel What's it like? 35 Vocabulary 9. Adjective formation 1 Use the suffixes in the box to write the adjectives formed from thew nouns. They have all appeared in Unit 6 of the Student's Book -ed sing al fal ate ial tic Noun Adjective | Noun Adjective ] 1 success | 10 wealth 2 luck | 11 generosity | 3 romance 12 mes | 4 [| 13 noise | 5 14 din é | 15 patton 7 depression 16 finance 8 health | | 17 medicine | | 9 person | | 18 fortune | 2 Complete the sentences with an adjective from 1, 1 My dad!’ really - He's always buying presents for everyone, Before you can get a credit card, you have to provide a details. 3 Iuytoleada lifesyle lots of exercise, fruit, and no junk food 4 The disco was 0 that you couldn't hear yourself speak 5. After the earthquake, the country needed a lot of equipment to look after the sick and wounded. 6 She had a car crash, but she was to escape with no injuriesat all. 7 Venice isa very city. Alot of people go their on honeymoon, 8 Here is the news, Share prices on the Dow jones Index have fallen dramatically 9 After a heart attack, he needed major surgery, but fortunately the operation was 10 Tdidr't like that city at all. Th and the air was so e streets were SO 36 Unit 6 + Tell me! What’ it like? Writing — Relative clauses 10 who/that/which/where 1 Weuse who, that, which and whereto join sentences. Who, that, which, and where are relative pronouns. Look at these sentences. { met the man. He worksin the bank. | met the man who works in the bank who = person/people | bought the coat. ft wasin the shop window. | bought the coat which/that was in the shop window. which/that = thing/ things The hotel was very comfortable. We stayed init The hotel where we stayed was very comfortable, where (in which) = place Join the sentences with the correct relative pronoun, 1 There's the boy. He broke the window That's the palace. The King lives in it. 3. There are the policemen. They caught the thief. 4. He gave hera watch. It stopped after two days, 5 The Red Lion is the pub. We met it fora drink. 6 Here are the letters. They arrived this morning. ‘That's the house. I was born in it 8 Whereis the woman? She ordered the fish 11 Describing a place 1 Read the description of a town. Complete it with who, which, or where. WAS BORN IN NEWCASTLE, a city in the north-east of England. Newcastle is on the bank of the River Tyne. It is quite big, with a population of about 200,000 people. There is a cathedral and a university. There are five bridges over the River Tyne, (1) link Newcastle to the next town Gateshead, (2) there is one of the biggest shopping centres in the world, the Metro Centre. A few years ago, the main industries were shipbuilding and coal-mining, but now the chemical and soap industries are more important. I moved from Newcastle ten years ago but | often return. | miss the people, (3) are so warm and friendly, and | miss the wild, beautiful countryside near the city, @ there are so many hills and streams. People (5) are born near the River Tyne have a special name. They are called ‘Geordies’. | am very pleased to be a ‘Geordie? oe Hachette 2 Write a similar description of your home town in about 200 words. First write some facts about it. here isi + sit big or small? + What buildings and industries does it have? Doryu ike i Why? Unit 6 + Tell mel What'sit like? ” B Present Perfect Men and women Writing a biography Present Perfect 1. Using the Present Perfect ad Complete the text with a verb from the box | fide inthe Present Perfect. M a have be(x4) do long and interesting life. He (2) a lot especially in the Far East. He (3) the Taj Mahal in India, and the Pyramids in Egypt. He @) lions in Africa, and (5) a ‘camel across the Sahara Desert. He says that the most beautiful place he (6) to is Kathmandu in Nepal. He (7 the Queen on several occasions. in 1959 he was a soldier in New Zealand when she came to visit, and in 1972 he went to a garden party at Buckingham Palace. He @) married twice, His fist wife died when she was 32, He met his second wife while he was travelling round France by bike. He and his wife, 2 Making positive and negative sentences Eleanor, (9) married for 50 years, and ‘Make sentences about these people. they (10 in the same cottage in the 1 Alice isa journalist. country since they got married. He says that he meei/a lot of famous people a never She has met alot of femous people. ill in his fife not be/on television The secret of good health, She hasn't been on television, according to my grandfather, 2 2 Robert Swan is an explorer. is exercise, He goes swimming be MNorth Pole every day. He (12) this since he was a boy. He also has a glass of whisky every night! Perhaps that is his seceet! see/polar bears never/get lost Unit 7 + Famous couples 3. Billand Sophie are unemployed. not have/a job for six months not have/a holiday since Christmas not be/the cinema for a year 4 Sandra is a tennis player. play/since she was six not winfa senior competition never play/at Wimbledon Making questions ‘Ask these people questions about their experiences, 1 aracing driver — have an accident? Have you ever had an accident? 2 an explorer — get lost? 3 an actress —forget your word? 4 amountaineer ~ climb Mount Everest? 5 awindow cleaner ~ fall off your ladder? 6 pop singer — have a number one song? 7 an dlectrician — have an electric shock? Now match these answers to the questions in 1 a [_] Yes, I have, once! I was so embarrassed! No, haven't yet, but I reached number 10 with my last one. © |] No,T haven’. 've always had a good team to help me. |] Yes, have, lots of times! But not aserious crash. ‘Yes, L have, unfortunately. I broke my le No, haven’, fortunately. P'm very careful about safety. 8 |_| No, haven't yet, but I would like to. Short answers Answer the questions about ‘My grandfather’ in exercise I and about you. Use short answers 1 Has your grandfather been married for a long Yes, he has. 2. Has he ever met the Queen? 3. Has he often been 4 Have he and his wife along time? lived in their house for 5 Has he had an interesting life? 6 Have you ever been to Mexico? 7. Have you ever tried Chinese food? 8 Has your teacher ever been angry with you? 9. Have you ever forgotten to do your homework? Past participles Write the past participle of these verbs. 1 walk ‘walked 2 come 3 write 4 win 5 sel 6 try 7 read 8 phy 9 find 10 visit IL stop 12 study. 13 die 14 do Unit 7 + Famous couples 38 6 foror since? ‘Complete the sentences with for or since. 5 Thave known them many years. 1 Thaven't seen Keith awhile. 6 We have been friends we were at 2 He'sbeen in China January. university together, 7 His wife, Carrie, is a designer. She has had her own 3. He works fora company called KMP. He has worked ierthiend several pears studio six months. 8 'mlooking after Tom today. He's been at my house 4 He and his wife have lived next to me their son, Tom, was born, 8.00 this morning Tense revision 7 Using the correct tense Put the verb in brackets in the correct tense, Present Periect, Past Simple, or Present Simple. Dennis Heal Dennis Heal (1) (be) a politician. He (2) (go) to Oxford University in 1975, and in 1982 he (3) (become) a Member of Parliament. He (4) __________(be) an MP since. then. He (5) (be) Defence Minister from 1989-95. He 6 (write) three books, including his autobiography The Time of my Life, and a spy story called The Time to Run. He is married to the artist Edna Heal, and they have two children. They (7) (ive) in Oxford for 10 years, then (8) ___ London in 1995. They now (9) (live) in x house in Cadogan Square in central London. 2 8 Asking questions Write the questions about Dennis Heal 1 What does he do? He's a politicien. 2 When Zin 1978, 3. When In 1982 4 How long Since 1982 5 When 7 From 1989 to 1995. 6 How many 2 Taree 7 heever a spy sory? Yes, he has, I's called The Time 19 Run. 8 What 2 She's an artist. 9. How many 1 Two. 10 How long 1 Forten years 1. When Z In 1995, 12 Where 7 Ina housein Cadogan Square in central London. 40 Unit 7 + Famous couples Vocabulary 9 Men and women 1 Many nouns refer to beth men and women, student doctor teacher ‘Some words refer to one sex only. actress waiter king Put the words in the correct column, [ acer musician teenager chef bridegroom professor nephew uncle pilot model cousin athlete bride sir flight attendant nurse Ca 2 Complete the sentences with a word from 1. Hes my sister’s son. He's my Trun in races. 'm an 1 2 3 In my job I wear the latest fashions. I'm a 4 serve you drinks on a we light. Pm a 5 Lteach at university. Pana 6 [cook food for a restaurant. Pm a looked beautifial, 7. The wedding was wonderful, The and the 8 ‘Good evening isthe menu’ was very handsome. «Here Good evening, Writing 10 Relative clauses who/whichthat as the object (® 1 Wic, which and that can be the subject of arelative clause, SUBJECT He'sthe man | who/that | worke in the bank. SUBJECT ig ‘That's the coat | which/that] wasin the window. 2. Who, which, and that can also be the object of a relative clause. OBECT SUBJECT He’ the man [who/that | Anna loves SUBJECT pect ‘Anna bought the coat | which/that she wanted, 3 We often leave out the relative pronoun when itis the object: He's the man Anna loves. ‘Anna bought the coat she wanted. Complete the sentences with who, whic or that. If itis possible to leave the relative pronoun out, put brackets around it 1 He's the man (whe/that) Anna loves. ‘The film £10,000. 3. The man was a famous film star. ar ga party cost you met at the party 4 What's the name of the woman was wearing the gold dress? 5 You're reading the book wanted to read 6 ‘There's someone at the door wants 0 speak to George 1 don't like food 8 That's thedietionary me for my birthday. is very spicy, Bill gave 9. Those are old cars leaded petrol. only take 10 Do you like the people Sarai invited to her party? Unit 7 + Famous couples 47 11 Writing a biography 1 Complete the biography of Cher with who, which, or where Cher was born in the US on 20 May 1946 in El Cento, Is on the Californiay Mexico border. Her full name is Cherlyn Sarkision and she is part-Cherokee and part Armenian, ‘Turkish, and French. She left high school when she was 16 and went to Los Angeles, a she planned to take acting lessons. There she met Salvatore Bono, (3) wos, working at the Gold Star Studios (4) Phi Spector was recording many famous singers. He discovered that Cher could sing, and they became the singing duo Sonny and Cher Their first hit song was 1 got you Babe, ° topped the charts in 1965. Cher was stil only 19. They got married and had a daughter, 6 they called Chastity, In 1975 Sonny and Cher were divorced, and later that Divide the text into five paragraphs according to these headings: introduction carly carcer private life later career life now 42 Unit7 + Famous couples year Cher married Greg Almann, (7) was another famous rock star. They had a son called Eljah Blue, But two years later Cher was divorced for the second time because of Allman’s drink end drugs problems. She decided to tum to acting again. In 1982 she appeared in. her first major film, ‘Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean, (8) was well received by the critics and public. She went on to win Best Actress at the Cannes Fim Festival in 1985 for her role in ‘Mask, and finally she won an Oscar for ‘Moonstruck’ in 1987. However, In the 1990s she retumed to pop music in a big way. She has had three number one hits from her charttopping album ‘Believe, (9) hhas reached a whole new audience. In her long career, Cher has been extremely ‘successful both as a serious actress and as a pop star, (10) extraordinary achievement is an 3 Write a similar biography of somebody who you think is interesting, have (got) to + should and must Job descriptions Writing a formal letter 1 have (got) to 1 have got to Complete the sentences with "ve got to or 's got to and a verb from the box. work do———agetup be take(x2) | help get go 1 You ve got t help. me with my homework. It impossible. 2 The doctor gave me some pills. them three times a day. 3. Thanks for a lovely evening! We now or we'll miss our bus. 4 Mary’sin a panic. She at the airport at 2.30, but it's 2.00 and she isn’t ready yet 5. Sorry [can't come to your party. ‘ill late on Saturday. 6 ‘Tdon't want to take exams ‘You them. You have no choie 7 Tm going to bed now. 1 carly, tomorrow morning. 8 Harry’s unemployed. He ajobas soon as possible 9 1 this exercise? It really boring. 2 have to Complete the sentences with have fa, has to, or had to suitable verb. 11 have 10 wear glasses because my eyes aren't very good. Remember! When you drive in England you oon the left! 3 ‘Can I go and see the dentist when I want?” Well, appointment, unt 4 At weekends Jack wears jeans and a T-shirt. During the week he 5. ‘Why are you late?"‘Sorry. I and the a suit anda ti. to the bank, e was a queu 6 Idon't like my job. Sometimes | «ill midnight 7 Farmers every day of the year 8 Their car broke down, so they ittothe garage. Making questions Putthe words in the correct order to make questions, 1 time/you/up!what/have/get/do/to/? What time do you have to get up? job/wear/have/in/uniform/you/your/to/do/a/? 3. books/have/many/you/buy/so/why/didito/? 4 States/visa/get/tolto/go/you/do/have/althe/to/? John/does/pills/take/often/hisshow/have/tol? 6 plant/carefully/you/after/look/do/havesto/this/very/? Unit 8 + Dos anddonts 43 4 Short answers Answer the questions about you. Use short answers 5 Does your mother have to travel alot in her job? 1 Do you have to go to work every (week)day Yes Ido, 6 Did you have to work hard yesterday? Did you have to take any exams last year? 7 Do you have to get up early? 3. Does your teacher have to correct your homework? 8 Do you have to look upa lot of words in your 4 Do you have to cook at home? dictionary? 5. Making positive and negative sentences Make ten true sentences about you and your family, using the chart, Add a comment if you can, 1 My grandfather doesn't have 10 go to work, He's retired. 2 Thave to make the bed in the moraings. Tdon’t mind. 3. Wedon't have to do the washing-up. We've got a dishwasher. 1 do the washing-up. We | babysit My parents have to make the beds in the mornings. | My mother hasto do the shopping. | My father don'thaveto | do the cooking j My sister doesn'thave to | do the ironing My brother workin the garden, My grandmother get up early in the mornings. 44° Unit 8 » Do's and don'ts should 6 Giving advice Give advice to these people. Use think... should or I don't think... should 1 Peter's got a very bad cold, 2. Jenny and Tony are only 3 I'velost my cheque book and think he should go to bed. sixteen, but they say they want credit cards. I don’t think he should go to to get married. work. 4 Keith wants to drive home, but he hasn't got his glasses, @ (2OV 5 My tooth hurts. 6 There’ in my shoe. 1 only bought them last week! i 7 Ann's phone bill was enormous! 8 My children spend all their 9 Kate's crying because I pushed £300! pocket money on sweeis. har. It was an accident 7 Asking for advice GERD Ask for advice in these situations. Use (What) do you think ... should ...? 1 George has asked me to marry him. Do you think I should say yes? 2 Teresa has invited me toa party at her parents’ house 2 Hazel still hasn't given me back the money she owes me. H T'm having a party, and I have to write a guest list. Who. 2 Lulu isnt speaking to me today because yesterday I said she was stupid 2 3 6 Paulo doesn’t know whether to go to university or travel round the world. What ? ‘This stereo’ fantastic, but it’s so expensive! 2 Unit8 + Dosanddonts 45 % have to or should? 8 Using the correct form Complete the sentences wit a form of have 10 or should, Make the verbs negative when necessary. 1 Your hair'stoo long. I think you getit cut. 2. Your clothes smell, nd you've got a cough. You smoke. 3 I'm going to bed. I bbe up carly tomorrow. 4 T’dlike to meet your boyfriend. You invite him round. 31 tell my parents where Iam, then they don’t worry: 6 You come with me if you don't want to, I'll go on my own, 7 Ifyou need some help with your homework, you goto the library. 8 Ifyou've got a ticket, you queue. You can go straight in, 9 You tell lies. I's wrong, 10. Geoff works too much. | think he take it easy must 9 must for strong obligation Complete the sentences with must and a suitable ending | Ies my mother's birthday tomorrow. I must buy hera present and a card. ‘There's an excellent film on at the moment. You 3. My bedroom’s real mess. 4. Peter’sin hospital. 5. Our train leaves in two minutes! We 6 You can borrow my nnis racquet, but you Th was very exp There's a wonderful new restaurant opened in town. You Unit § + Do's and don'ts Vocabulary 10 Job descriptions Match a job in A with a verb in B and aline in C. {a A farmer A receptionist Anarchitect Alawyer A soldier | A firefighter A decorator A mechanic Ahousewite A shop assistant A doctor 5 helps puts out repairs works prescribes welcomes fights for provides designs paints looks after c fires. legal advice, medicine for patients. guests. the home and children. rooms in a house. cars. ‘customers, his/her country. Writing 1 Dear Helen 11 Writing a formal letter 2 Bears adam i vars whic | 2 Uieg Reve ' Sebrmtf Whidtarcingomae nS? | 4 Dear MeMcDonald ° 5 Dear Philp Nc Lave Beb a Yours Bab b_ Yours faithfully Robert J Fleming d Lots of love Bobby wx ¢ Yours Robert Fleming | 2 Look at this outline of a formal letter. Isit the sameas in your country? LOU Your address (not your name) |—————________________l, The name and address of I, —— who you ar writing to sd (he dite P_ [hegery }-—_——fo [Introiction |} . [iainpars} _______[, [Goncingconmnene -——fo ee 3. Read the letter. Separate the different parts and write them in the boxes in the outlineabove, Rua Luis de Deus 18, 3000 Coimbra, Portugal. 29th March 2000. The Principal, The Oxiord English College, 234 Hilton Rd, Eastbourne BN4 3UA. Dear Sit or Madam, Isaw your advertisement for English classes in this month’s English Today magazine and I am interested in coming to your school this summer. Ihave studied English for three years but | have never been to England and I feel thet this is now necessary, especially to improve my pronunciation. Please could you send me more information about your courses, and an application form? I would also like some information about accommodation. look forward to hearing from you 4s soon as possible. Yours faithfully, Ana Maria Fernandes, 4 Write a similar letter about yourself to: ‘The Principal ‘The World English School 47 Harrogate Re York YK3 SBT England Unit 8 + Dos anddonts 47 Present Simple or will? 1 Choosing the correct form Choose the correct form of the verb. 1 3 6 A >a pepe B A B There's someone at the door. OK. 1 open / Pll open it. What a beautiful picture! I buy / Pit buy it for you. What newspaper do you buy? I buy / Tl buy The Times. Would you like to order, sir? Thave /1'll have the lamb. What time do, you eatin the We have/ We'll have supper at about 8.06. “The phone’s ringing! OK. Lanswer/Tllanswer it 48 Unit 9 + Going places Conditional clauses + Time clauses Preposition + word Writing - discussing ideas Conditional clauses 2 First Conditional People are wort Wf coey ove Will sd about the greenhouse effect. Make sentences, using the earth gets wermer v Ifthe earth gets warmer, the sea will get warmer. the sea gets warmer v ze at the North and South Poles will melt, If the sea gets warmer, the the ice at the North and South Poles melts v the sea level rises v there are floods in many parts of the world v many people lose their homes 3 Making questions 1 Your fiend is goi 1 What/do/miss/plane/? What will you do if you miss the plane? 2. What/do/planeilate/? 3. Wherelstay/hotels/full? 4 What/do/not like the food/? 5 Where/go/beaches/crowded/? 6 What/do/get sunburnt/? 2. Now match the questions above with the correct answers. a |) Tlljust eat bread, cheese, and fruit b [_ [won't sunbathe for a few days ¢ [| Ewon’t miss it, 'l get there early | Illfind somewhere. youth hostel, maybe. € |__ Pll steep in the airport £ [_) Tilvisit theold town and the mountains. ‘on holiday: Write the questions. Making negatives Make the sentences negative, but keep the meaning the same. You will need to change some words 1 We'll eave the party before 10.00. We won't stay at the party after 10.00, She'll be late. She won't beon time. 3 He'lllose. 4 VILail my exams, 5 She'll tell the truth. 6 Wellleatout We'll walk to school. 8 Ill go to bed early tonight. 9 Ill accepe the invitation. 10. We'll go out at the weekend. if or when? Complete the sentences with ifor when, 1 you can’t do your homework, ask for help. 2 I'll pay you back Text see you. 3 Plleometo bed this programme ends. 4 anyone phones me, tell them I'm out, 5 Come on! we hurry, we'll eatch the bus! 6 I play tennis with Justin, he always 7 The shops are full of things to buy Christmas comes. 8 ‘T'velost my bag’ know. ind it, PL et you Unit 9 + Going places 49 Time clauses 6 Present tense or future? Choose the correct form of the verb. Bye! Iphone / phoneyou when I get / ll get home. I'm going to bed when this TV programme ends /will end. Tm sorry you're leaving fam glad /'l be glad when you are buck / you will be back 4 ‘Give me your phone number? ‘Sure. I give / ll give before I'll go / I go: 5 The doctor will be ready in ten minutes. Take a seat while you will wait /you'se waiting 6 I'm going out before the shops will shut / the shops shu. 7 Lwait/ I'll wait by the phone uniil you ring / you'll ring. 8 You must phone me as soon as you'll get /you get your exam results 9 Thope to see you while Ill be /1'm in London. Joining sentences Join the pairs of sentences using the words in brackets. 1 She'll pay me back. She'll get some money. (as soon as) She'll pay me back as soon as she gets some money. Ti wait here. You'll et back, (until) 3. Give me a ring. You'll hear some news. (when) 4 The TV programme will end, I'lldo my homework. (after) 5 I'll goto work. I'll have a bath. (before) 6 She'll be in Paris She'll visit friends. (while) The lesson will end. 'll go home, (as soon as) 8 I won't leave the house. The postman will call. (until) 9 Can you feed the eats? Il be away. (while) 10 T'ltell you about the holiday. 'll get back. (when) 11 T'll study English. I'l speak it perfectly. (until) 50 Unit + Going places 8 Choosing the correct conjunction Choose the time expression which best completes the sentence, Sometimes two are possible. 1 If/Assoon as / Uniil Lwin alot of money, Til buy youa Ferrari 2. Please turn out the lights after /before / whien you go to bed. 3. Mike wo relax as soon as/ while / before 'm on holiday 4. When If/ While you are the first person up in the morning, make me a cup of tea. 5 I'm going to keep asking you to marry me while / until / when you say yes. 6 We can go if/as soon as / while you' ready While If) When Vm having my hair cut, you can do the shoppi 8 Stop at a petrol station after/ when / beforewe run out of petrol. 9 After / When / Until you've re newspaper, can I have it? 10 Tam so worried about James. Assoom as / While/ Afier you hear any news, phone me. ‘ad the 11 Uf/ When /As soon as we discover life on another planet, will it be 9. Tenses and time expressions a the verb in brackets into the correct tense ~ Present Simple, soing to future. will ature, or the Present Continuous. If there is no verb, use if, when, or as soon as. © rs | British explorer Robin Drake says that the first international polar expedition (1) (start) next March. They (2) try) to reach the North Pole on a 65-day, 480-mile journey. (3) Drake ® (succeed), he (6) (be) the frst man to ‘walk to both the North and South Poles. Drake (6) (Go| on the Kewak Exsediton with navigator ‘Alan Winterson. (1) they (8) (ative) in Thule in northern Greenland, walkers from the Soviet Urion, the USA, Japan, Austalia, Canada, and Italy (9) (ein) them. (10) they (11) (Get) to their hase ‘camp, Eureka, inside the Arctic Circle they (12) (ave to) build huts to protect them from temperatures as low as minus 55 degrees Celsius ‘We (13) (do) a lot of experiments to see ow much pollution there is inthe area, said Robin “The results (14) (help) us to understand the effects of polluion on the planet, including the greenhouse effect” (15) the weather 06) {be) good enough, they (17) (make) a film of the expedition. Robin said, ‘(18) we (19) (et) back home, we (20) (show) it to people all over the word, Vocabulary 10 Preposition + word Complete the sentences with a prepesition from the box in a on by for 1 What's on ‘TV tonight? 2 Tofien go abroad business, 3 Doyoucometoschool bus? 4 I'm very busy the moment. 5 Tean't understand the instructions They're Chinese. 6 Romeoand Juliet is. play William Shakespeare 7 ‘IsMrJames work this week?” “No. He's holiday’ 8 Ihhate being late. like to arrive 9 Lets go a walk 10 Lspoke to her week, 11. Lread an interesting article the phone last the paper this morning. 12 ‘Can L ask you something?’*Not now: a moment? 13. “Here’sa birthday present you."Oh, thank you! 14. ‘Why did you open my letter?”"T'm sorry. I did it mistake: 15 Larrived England last month, 16 Wearrived the station five minutes late Hive the third floor. 18 I met my boyfriend a party 19. ‘Why does Jane look so happy?” “Because she's love? 7 Unit 9 Going places 51 32 Writing 11 Discussing ideas 1 Read these notes about travelling by train Advantages Disadvantages = fast — expensive — comfortable = sometimes crowded ~ not stressful — sometimes delayed ~ not door to door You can: You must: relax (read and look — travel at certain times out of the window) — use other transport = work to get to the station — eat 2 Now read the text Whats the purpose of each paragraph? 3 Put the linking words in the correct place in each paragraph. The linking words are in the right order. Sometimes you will need to change the punctuation 4 Make notes about the advantages and disadvantages of one of these topics. Then write a text similar to the one above, giving your own opinions, Do not use more than 150 words Travelling by car Living in a lat (rather than a house) Single sex schools (rather than mixed schools with both boys and girls) Unit 9 + Going places First ofall, Also, for example, However, Firstly, Secondly, for example, Despite the disadvantages, because The advantages and disadvantages of travelling by train ‘Travelling by train has mary advantages. There are no stressful trafic jams, and trains are fast and comfortable. You can use the time in different ways. You can just sit and read, or watch the world go by. You can work, or you can have a meal or a snack in the buffet car. Travelling by train also has some disadvantages. It is expensive and the trains are sometimes crowded and delayed. You have to travel at certain times and trains cannot take you from door to door. You need a bus or a taxi to take you to the railway station | prefer travelling by tain to travelling by car. I feel more relaxed when | reach my destination. Verb pattems * used to Infinitives » Rhymes Writing - formal and informal letters 1 Rake Verb patterns 1 Infinitive or «ing? Put the verb in brackets in the correct form, infinitive (with or without f0),or -ing Sometimes two forms are possible Lenjoy walking (walk) in the rain. Would you like to have __ (have) something to eat? Itstarted 10 rain/raining (rain) while we were out. 1 My family is tr (decide) where to go on holiday. 2 Tdlike (go) somewhere different for a change 3 Lenjoy (visit) places I've never been to before. 4 But my children hate (sightsee). 5 They prefer all day. 6 They refuse hot. (play) in a swimming pool (go) out on tripsif its too Last year we managed that suited everyone. 8 Wedecided swimming pool (find) a holiday (rent) a house with a 9 A woman from travel agency helped us (choose) a nice house 10. When we arrived, the people next door invited us (have) a drink with them, 11 Webegan (talk) about next year’s holiday two months ago. 12 Everyone hopes (enjoy) themselves on holiday, but it isn’t always easy. 13. My wife and L ate starting should stay at home. (think) we 3|ler"|t Choosing the correct form Choose the correct form of the verb, 3 10 He agreed start / starting /to start the job as soon as possible, I stopped read / 10 read / reading my book and went to bed My teachers always expected me doing / to do / do well in exams, Let me to pay /paying / pay for the meal, You paid last The dentist told me being / 10 be / be more careful when I brush my teeth Tasked Monica buying / buy to buy some stamps. I never liked go / to go /going to church when I was a child. Have you finished writing / write / to write that letter ye? You can't parking /to park /park your car outside the hospital David always enjoyed play / playing / to play football atschool. Unit 10 + Scared todeath 53 3. Infinitive or -ing? Complete the text with the infinitive or -ing form of the verbs in the box. feed drink relax Ce My friend and | had a problem about our holiday last have visit’ sunbathe help year. | wanted (1) a lazy seaside holiday sa Sey sie because | was tired and needed (2) | love 8 in the sun, (4) ice-cold beer and (5) a good book. But Natalie likes busy, cultural holidays. She likes (6) museums and galleries. she hates (7) because she always goes red, not brown. The travel agent tried @ us and suggested Greece. | said I'd love o to a quiet isand, but of course Natalie said. she’d like (10) in Athens. It was easy VG artodo-wetewto Aer tpt Natalie stayed there and | travelled to the island of Kost 4 Asking questions Ask a question with the verb in brackets and do. Use the correct tense. LA. What are you trying to do? (try) 4A. My mother was so helpful while she was staying B_I'mlooking for my contact lens. Can you see it? with us. 2 A P'llhelp you, What me to do? (want) B Whit todo? (help) B Could you do the washing-up while I do the cooking? She helped me to paint the kitchen, ‘Thanks 5 A What to do tonight? (would like) 3A What you to do? (tll) B_ What about going out for a meal? B She (the doctor) told meto stay in bed for a few 6 A What to do after university? (hope) days. B Id like to get a job in publishing, used to 5 Matching Match a line with A with aline in B. Complete the line in B with a subject and used to. My family had some lovely holidays | follow me everywhere go everywhere by bus. The teachers at my school were horrible. freeze on winter momings. | fly Concorde A 1 | 2 Twas very fit when I was young. 3 4. My sister's room was so untidy. 5 Thad a dog when I was a kid. never tidy ivat al. doa lot of exercise. hit the pupils We usedt0 go campingall over Europe. 6 When I was young, we didn't havea cat, | 7 And we didn't have central heating. 8 My uncle was a pilot for British Airways. 54 Unit 10 + Scared to death 6 Things used to be different sntences with used to which show how things were different. 1 This town’s so ugly Itused t0 be so pretty ‘There are so many tourists There didn’t use to be any tourist The houses are very expensive, The streets are dirty, ‘There is so much litter on the streets. The car parks are always full. There isa lot of traffic on the roads. Is noisy at night We don't have a park any more. Now there are blocks of flats, Infinitives 7 Infinitives after adjectives Complete the sentences, 1 hard/finda good job It’s hard 10 find a good job. surprised/see you here I'm surprised to see you here 3. This book/easy/read 4 lovely/see you last night 5 easy/make mistakes when you're learning a language 6 importani/keep vocabulary records 7 Ipleased/see you've stopped smoking 8. impossible/keep the house tidy with five children, 9. unusual/have long, hot summers in England 8 Infinitives of purpose Match alinein A with a verb in Band a line in ©. ye] © the house smell nice. went for a wall, | 2 I'm going to the tomike | new cat library to buy | some friends 3 went to town, vost — | howto get tomy 4 [phoned thetheatre | to-change | house 5 Iwanttoborrowsome | to visit my books money to explain | some fresh ait, © Iboughtsome Mowers | 44 qq | someshopping 7 1'm going to Paris | what time the play I wrote to John cai started Unit 10 + Scared to death 55 9 How to do it/something to eat Match a line in A with a word in Band a line in €. A 8 c T aihiegre wed tow | ohne 2 F'velost my passport, and I don’t know any money to phone him. 3 Ihave abig problem, but I don't know where to-at. | You're drunk!’*No, fm not. 've had somebody to get to the station? 5 Lean't do my homework. I need who tolendyou? | 6 Can you tell me nothing | totalk to about. 7 ‘Give me £5, Pete?‘I'm sorry. | haven't got something to look for it | 8 I need to speak to Ben, but I don't know when to drink all night! Vocabulary 10 -ed or -ing adjectives? 8 A. You're yawning. Are you listening to what I'm Complete the sentences with a word from the box. saying? Careful! They are not all used. B Lam! I'mreally -Twant to know ae what happened. t's just that I feel very | suri peed sun | =T went to bed very late lastnight. sganey 2 a a eet i 9 A. I'm goingon a three-month holiday to the Far worried tired a . B How ! Lucky you! “ncn 10 A Was your father when you told him 1 The TV programme asso that I fell sourexaseaiié oe B He was furious. 2 Children can’t get to sleep on Christmas Eve. They're too 1 Rhymes SA His Miiat In the groups of three words, two words rhyme and B Carol! Thank goodness you rang! Wheve have cone doesn’t Circle the one which is different you been? We've been so about yout ee 4A Hello, darling. I've got a present for you. E at B Forme? 2 wear | cr A Don't look so =Tofien buy you = bed bored presents, 4 home | come some B But it isn’t my birthday! 5 sung wrong young. 5. Theart exhibition was very Loved it 6 flower | lower | flour but I had to leave after three hours. My feet were 7 war law far kailing me! find going round art galleries and # bi al sil ee . 9 niece pies piece | 6 Some people don’t go out at night because they're that someone will ob them. 1D feos good wood LL crowd loud road 7 Our financial situation is very _—___ We spend more and more, but we're earning less and less Unit 10 + Scared to death Writing 12 Formal and informal letters 1 1 Here are two letters. Put the lines in each letter in the correct order. Monday Dear Alice and Jim [} outa you mind having a look for ne? F | the conversation was excetient and ~~ the food delicious! (C]s thine 1 left a pair of brown ‘trousers in the wardrobe of my room. (1 nad a wonderful tit | Please can you let me know if you find them? Thank you for having me to stay last weekend Tt was lovely to see you all. See you again soo! [|] could you do something for me? (CJ Thanks @ ot Love Tack ‘The first letter is informal, written to friends. The second letter is formal, written to a hotel Compare the language used Could you do something forme? Thanks a lot. Would you mind having 4 look for me? I would lke to ak you a favour. I would be very grateful. Could you possibly check if thisis 50? Januai Dear Reception q Could you possibly check if this isso? LL The service was superb and the food delicious! L Thave losta pair of brown trousers, which think 1 eft in the wardrobe of my room, Lo} We had a very pleasant stay Took forward to hearing from you [D) Many thanks for the weeken " id break tha wile and I enjoyed oe at your hotel recently. LJ We hope to visit your hotel again soon (J T would like to ask you a favour, _] I would be most grateful Yours sincerely Taek Higgins 3. Write the reply to each letter. Explain that you looked very carefully forthe trousers, but couldn’ find them. AliceandJim’sletter The hotel’ letter Dear Jack Dear Mr Higgins ‘Thanks for youletter. Thank you for your leter We enjoyed ...,to0. of 13 January. I'm sorry, but Iooked. everywhere... sand We are delighted that .. We are sorry to inform Tcouldnt ...5 you that ... unable to Have you looked ...? find Perhaps you ...? We looked ... Sorry can't help any We look forward... more. See you soon! Unit 10 + Scared te death 57 The passive Words with more than one meaning Writing a review Things that changed the world The passive 1 Forming the passive ‘Complete the text with the pa Use the Present Simple; P ive form of the verbs. mple, or Present Perfect, Concorde, the worlds fastest passenger plane, (1) was developed (develop) by France and Britain together. In the 1950s, both countries dreamed of having @ supersonic plane and the project Faster e {start} in 1962. £1.5 billion (3) (spend) on developing Concorde and it thanthe « (test) for over 5,000 hours, wich makes i the most tested plane in history. The firs: passenger plane speedof » (irerodvce) by Betish Airways anc Air France in 1976. Concorde holds many world records, inclding the SOUNC tess: crossing of the Aante from New York to London, which (6) {echieve) in 2 hours 45 seconds! Fying at twice the speed of sound means that fying time a7 {reduce} by half, which is why the Concorde flight benween London and New York (8) {use} a fot by business people and fm stars — you can leave Britain at 10.30 and rive in New York an tour earlier! Twenty planes (9) (build) up to the present day. But there are no plans to build any more. Each plane (10} (oroduce) at @ cost of £55 million, which makes them very expensive! SB Unit M+ Things that changed the world 2 Making questions Complete the questions. 1 Concorde was developed in the 1960s, When was Concorde developed. 2 £1. billion was spent on its development. How much 3 Twenty planes have been built altogether. How many 4. The Houses of Parliament were built in the nineteenth century. When 5 Twenty people were hurtin the train crash How many 6 Champagne is produced in France. Where 7 She was fined £300 for speeding, How much 8 School teachers are paid about £25,000 a year. How much 9 Our post is delivered twice a day. How often e teenagers were given an award for bravery 3. Making negatives 1 Paper is made from plastic. Cortect the sentences. Paper isn’t made from plastic. Its made from wood. President Kennedy was killed in New York. 3. Coffee is grown in Scotland, 4 Sunflowers was painted by Renoir. 5 Walkman cassette players were developed by the Russians 6 The Berlin Wall was knocked down in 1982, 7 The 2000 Olympic Games were held in New Zealand. 8 Rolls-Royce cars are n ide in Japan, 9 Coca-Cola has been produced for over 200 years. Short answers Answer the questions about Concorde in exercise 1, and about you. Use short answers. 1 Was Concorde developed by France and Germany? Was the Concorde project started in 19622 3. Isit the most tested plane in history? 4 Have 20 planes been built altogether? 5 Is your school equipped with a language laboratory? 6 Has your house been decorated recently? Unit 11 = Things that changed the world $9 5. Newspaper stories a earn TRAIN CRASH were injured was found: have been given _has been organized were delayed were taken was operated on will be helped was given (x2) was discovered | was derailed have been interviewed Million dollar reward A winning lottery ticket worth $7 million (1) was dscovered ina walle in the tii Ea SSE ts, Manca, Cae, h Q) by unemployed builder William Murphy, who returned the ticket and the wallet to their owner, The London-Edinburgh express 0) morning as it was passing through Jean-Paul Dupont. Yesterday Mr Murphy. York — station. Ten_ people e) S12 million as a (10) and four ‘William Murphy reward for his honesty. people (11) to hospital, but no one was seriously hurt, Trains (12) for the rest of the day. Several eye Heart man alive weet) see . y it is not yet clear how the crash and kicking happened Taxi-driver Phil Young is people (8) celebrating a very special as I was? said Mr Young. anniversary today. It is ‘And I hope I can score the exactly one year since he winning goal in the match!” 2 Write the questions about the newspaper stories, above. (4) at St ‘iia h I “ Baioiomevts Goel 1 What was found on the street last week? a . ne : A winning lottery ticket worth $7 million new hear. Mr Young, 47 is now training to play in a charity football match which (6) by the hospital to rai money for the transplant $1.2 million, :xactly one year ago. 4 to raise A charity football match. programme, So far 1! people (7) new hearts by doctors at the hospital. “I hope more 60 Unit ~ Things that changed the world Active and passive German and French 6 Notices Look at the shop notices. For each notice, write two are spoken 1 German and French are spoken here © PART-TIME eo Wespeak German and French here assistanT : Bay 2 Wi Sous bd 3 ° Credit cards accepted s eo 7 u ° s Afternoon ea ‘ ‘ served a a 1 Active or passive? Complete the text with the verbs in brackets in the correct tense, active or passive. INY eja cS The first man-made fibre Nylon (1) invent) in the early 1930s by an American chemist, Julian Hill, Other scientists (2) (work) with his invention and finally on 27 October 1938, Nylon (3) (introduce) to the world It was cheap and strong and immediately (4) (become) successful, especially in the making of women’s stockings. During the Second World War, the best present for many women was a pair of nylon stockings, but more importantly, nylon (5) (use) to make parachutes and tyres. Today, nylon (6) (find) in many things: carpets, ropes, seat belts, furniture, computers, and even spare parts for the human body. tg (play) an important part in our lives for over SO years. Next year about 36 million tons of it (8) (manufacture). Unit t+ Things that changed the world 61 Vocabulary 8 Words with more than one meaning The words in the dictionary extracts all have more than one meaning. Example worsen tough sew Annthsmeraing, pres fremesh 4 A Treptaprome fr ECCS, . ae eee: | OR Simca” adits atedeopete” Di hakyou et Giteiteseonhe —TisRaneampleot A ge somthing et bem Ada rete SHtty 2, definition 2 reat ti 5. The present government is Petals One at day of eee the county side, up and down,ete: He ‘holiday, gm ed ne resent, for now; until 6 Thewhole family was sayguodiye. Syentle curve waves were t00 big. ‘money forthe present, butt present at the wedding. Sore Sree, meee wave * v1 move gently entry 1ydefinition'| Present! n. gilt; something SEIE RIGS”. Theguswsvering “aration? move something from ‘one side to the other: ‘Ada waved her hand asthe This is an example of entry 2, definition 1. 7. When theres a fairin fair feta toate my town, Hike to win Stoner: nape repecand gon the rides, Inthenght way: lr Prizes and goon the rides. agile good but wot Notice tha this dictionary has a separate entry for 8. Thave fairskin,t0 1 very god: Your work nouns, verbs, adjectives, ete can't lie inthe sun for sb Dee only fi 3 ey ar sunny: or Look at the dictionary extracts and the sentences. very long. astrpoy arse i Which entry (and which definition) isthe word an 9 Agave my sonabike light colour fir bi example of for Christmas, and my i». 1 spcil marke gue We srw new Gndsof farm sas en 1 Lmanaged t fitall my ee , rai iad tr test LOE “That's not vey fair rica ur festa heathywell: Exerc eps “thes Did she mind? inthe qpen az where you ssp can buy things py fin. adden ess. 2 Tae RRA games, hea mi et 2 doing wmthing Se suddenly Hemortafirog ‘ae. They“rethe wrong Sasghen 3 way clnbes still /sul/ adj. not 10 Don’t move! Keep stil lonkandfeelon someone: 3 He runs five miles ‘oving or makingany oF Il shoot you! yal shoes area gh fi every diy. Hesvery ic «sound Te a soil (pe port iting " thatthesmokeiiraing, VA What do you do these spar. & pst ese ttraight op from heir days? fitted tid) 1 be the iness 2 right sie and shape: De ree casi B Istillhave the same job your new shoes fi well? 2 put something into its place: Mr Unvin fed a mew lockon the dor fit, (a}find time wo do something: Can you ft in a vist ro me! (find space forsomething: Car you fit in enother person? i there room in the car? _moring or makingany at the bank sound: quety: Pleas sit sill while Feu your hair. Stil as. 1 up 0 now: {even now: can't go because Fm stil busy. upto then and at that time: When 1 left he fire was sil burning. Unit + Things that changed the world Writing 9 Writing a review of a book or a film 1 Complete the review of the novel Frankenstein with the sentences in thebox. Which tence is used in the review, Pastor Present Simple? FRANKENSTEIN Sed ‘ De eC me eos co eae eS eine AN che seaman ee ee ee eae eet mT) ee a eee me eee eer eee re 2 Look at these headings. Find the information in the review of Frankenstem tleand author * eventsin the stery c of book/film + your opinion of the book + characters or film about a ntly. Thea, 3. Make some notes under the headings abo book or film that you have read or seen re write a review in about 200 words. Unit 11 - Things that changed the world 63 64 Unit 12 + Dreams and reality Second Conditional « might Phrasal verbs Writing a story 2 Things that changed the world Second Conditional 1 Jimmy's dreams Jimmy isin prison. Read about hs life in prison, then complete the sentences about his dreams. Reality He's in prison. He... + works in a factory + gets up at 5.00 ayard 2 prison uniform ‘has cold toast for breakfast y evening + goes to bed at 9.00 Dream If he weren't in prison, 1 he dgerup 27.30 2 he asuit 3 he coffee and croissants for breakfast. 4 he in an office. 5 he squash 6 he to night clubs. 7 he at midni 2 Making questions GHD Ask questions about jimmy in exercise 1 If Jimmy weren't in prison, 1 what time would he get up? At 7330. A suit Coffee and croissants. To night clubs. At midnight. Laura’s dreams ok at the pictures of Laura's real life and her id complete the text. Use the Present Simple Laura (l) fives _ (lve) a big city If she ved in the county, she (2) would have {have|a deg econd Conditional Laura) (share) fat with three othe gis, but ifit (4 (be) possible, she (5) ro ~~ (lve) cn her own If she (6) (lve) in the country, (aa de Sy she (7) {buy] a little cottage, and she 1a hi, | ep ie ® (grow) her own flowers and vegetables. In ( Weal town Se 6) te by Undpend an j i @ bY |] WSCA 9) (gp) shopping in big department stores, but JS KX - ste (i) (not ie) this at all. if she \ WBS ® (be) inthe country, she (13) Oy | N g (ride) her bike, and she (14) (buy) things in the ¥ | litle village shop. She (5) (lve) walking, and a ‘often (16) {g0) for a walk in town, but the 2 < e KW teeta oi. nthe country she (7) (wal across the fields with her dog. Unit 2 + Dreams and reality 65 4 Short answers Answer the ques short answers. ions about Laura. Use If Laura lived in the country, 1 would shelive on her own? Yes, she would, ‘would she liven a flat? 3. would she have a dog? 4 would she go shopping in department 5 would she ride her bike? 6 would she grow vegetables? Ma Rewrite these sentences using the Second Conditional. 1 I'm not rich. Idon’ live in a big house, If were rich, I'd live in a big house, 2. He works in the evening. He has no time to play with his children, 3. She buys a lot of clothes, She has no money. 4. Thaven’t got a car. can't give you a lift 5 Igo to bed late. In the morning I'm tired 6 She hasn't got a watch, She's always ate. Unit 12 + Dreams and reality might might = will «perhaps Write the sentences with might ins of will + perhaps. 1 Perhaps it will rain tomorrow. It might rain tomorrow. 2. Pethaps welll goto Spain for our holidays. 3. Perhaps I won't get my cheque today. Perhaps Joe and Ellie will pop in for a drink this even Perhaps I'll get a Playstation for my birthday P'ma bit worried ~ perhaps Dave won't phone me tonight. Choosing the correct form Choose the correct form of the verb. 1 Don't wait for me. Pll be/ I might be late. It depends on the traffic. 2. A What are you doing tonight? B I don't know. I'm going / I might go out, or I'm staying / T might stay at home. 3. We have guests coming for Sunday lunch. I'm going to cook / I might cook roast beef and Yorkshire pudding, I've bought all the ingredients, A ’'mgoing to buy George a green shirt, B L wouldnt, if | were you. ‘A Why not? B A He isn’t going to like / He might not like the colour green. oodbye, darling! 1'llphone / I might phoneas soon as L arrive. B Thanks. Bye! 6 Catherine wants to be a politician, Who knows? One day she'll be/ she might be Prime Minister! 8 Worries What are these people worried about? 1 Soph abroad, 's worried, She's going to be an au pair The children might be horrible. She might not like the family. 2 Tessas worried. Her four: walking ona high wall sar-old daughter is 3. Danuta’s worried. Sh s got two important 4. David's worried. His parents are away, and he’s invited about twenty friends to his house for a party 5 I'm worried. I'm drivinga long way tomorrow, and my caris very old, 6 Toby's worried. He's got an appointment with the dentist this afternoon, 7. Kaori's worried. Her plane leaves in forty minutes, and she’s stuck in a taffic jam, 9 Trying to decide Complete the text with might and a verb from the box. [ become wait do go notearn not make mest “Tknow i's time for decisions, but I'm not very good at making decisions. | always worry that | a the right choice. 12) to University next year, but I'm not sure. | (3) fora year and travel around Asia for a while, Alter university, 144) teacher. (5) ‘much, but {ike working with kids, and money isn't everything. Someone told me there are lois of jobs teaching English abroad, so (6) in that. Then could teach and travel! Who knows, a course a 2a nice gi too, That would be great!” Vocabulary 10 Phrasal verbs 1 Complete the sentences with a verb from the box in the correct form, | a give put try | look (x3) turn fall 1 ‘on your warm coat. Its cold today. 2 Could | ‘on these shoes, please? Size nine. 3 Don't forget to come to hed. off the lights when you 4 Could you sign it at the bottom? in this form, pleaseand I'm forward to meeting her very much, out! The glass is going to fll! Oh! Too tm for the car keys. Have you seen them anywhere? she off her horse and hurther wrist, T used to smoke, but I up last year 2 Complete the sentences with a particle from the box, “out up (xt) Lon round ack down (x2) __away after 1 You look tired. Sit and have a cup of tea. 1g for yesterday's newspaper. Did you the music! It’s too loud! 4 Ilivein Bristol now, but I grew in Leicester. 5 Come You'll be late for school. Hurry 6 Have you heard? Tony’s going with an ltalian girl called Sofia 7. Pick your litter! Don’ drop it on the street! 8 Don't worry about the baby. P'lllook her while you're out. 9 What a pretty dres! Turn Let me look at it from the back 10 John! Wake downstairs? Can you hear a noise 11 Pm going to take these shoes The heel has broken already. to the shop. Unit 2 + Dreams and reality 67 Writing Ti Adverbs Complete the sentences with the adverbs in the correct place. 1 Atiger jumped out of a tree. (suddenly) Suddenly, a tiger jumped out of a tre 2. Thank you for the invitation. can't come. (unfortunately) 3. T got out of bed and went to make a cup of tea, (downstairs) 4 She coffee. (then) gage. She went to have a cup of 12 Writing a story 2 1 Look at the picture story, Put the adverbs in the correct place in the story, ah the last sentence of each paragraph with your own ideas. ther very suddenly last Monday morning 1. Sarah Brown was in her bedroom geiting ready to go to work, when she saw a mouse in her handbag. She was seared of mice,s0 [finally at fire upstairs quickly anywhere, but she found him and ran back to 68 Unit 12 Dreams and reality I was sitting at home when somet happened. (last Thursday evening) ng very strange Keith’s lying in bed because he doesn't feel well (upstairs) ‘They have a son called Simon, and we have a son called Simon, (too) “There'sa programme on TV tonight that I'm interested in, (very) I worked all last week. (hard) quielly then downstairs 2. She hada good idea. She left the room and ran to ook forher cat, Tiger, He would [unfortunately too then 4 In the bedroom, Sarzh put Tiger down on the floor, She waited outside the door. Tiger was scared of mice, 50 2. Here’sanother picture story. It’ a true story! Write the story, using the information for each picture, Use as many verbs as you can from 1 1e, French burglar broke into a ho Je... living room and 3 4 5... upstairs, but... tired 6 asleep ... the next moming Unit 12 ~ Dreams and reality 69 Present Perfect Simple and Continuous Words that sound the same Expressions in letter writing Earning a Present Perfect Simple 1 What's new? ap ha verb from the GHEED Complete the eter with a verb from box in the Present Perfect or the Past Simple [at ah 2) Dear Heike find eave How are you? I (1) haven't heard From you for a while, so thiught Ud ty agree :/ 31 /p/asin hot /hot! | 8 Af asin very /'veril 32 fo asin morning mo:niy/ 9 A/ asin son /san/ 33. /o/ asin football /fotbo:l/ 10 fz asin 200 /2ush 34 Aus) asin you fjus! 11 fl asin ive fav | 35 /a/ asin sun/san/ 12 fm! asin my /maw/ 36 /a/ asin learn /la:n/ 130 /n/ asin near /mia/ | 37 fal asin letter /‘leta/ MAY asin happy /"hepi/ 15 in) asin red /red/ 16 asin yes jes! Diphthongs (two vowels together) ]ilaeens a neers ase OTE 17 Aw) asin want Awont/ 38 Jey asin name /neim/ 18 /0/ asin thanks /O:enks/ 39 fou! asin no /nau/ 19 i! asin the /Sa/ 40 fav asin my /mai/ 20 i) asin she /fix! 41 Jal asin how /hau/ 21) asin television /'telrvign/ 42 fev asin boy /bat! 22 RY) asin child /tfarlds 43° fia’ asin hear ja! 23. fds) asin German /'d53:man/ 44 Jeol asin where /wea! 2% fy’ asin English /‘mglf/ 45. Joa asin tour /tua/ isa developmentof the highly successful multi-level Headway series. The original coursebooks have been rewritten to include new features, activities, and, above all, new material to ‘make the learning of English stimulating and ‘motivating for both adult and young adult learners. The course combines the best of traditional methods with more recent approaches to help students use English accurately and fluently, and provides a fully comprehensive language teaching series from beginner to advanced, New Headway Pre-Intermediate follov foundations laid in New Headway Elementary. ‘Students’ understanding of English is widened, and their abilities to use the language for communicative purposes are extended. Fresh, modem design, which makes activiti easy to follow, ‘New, universal topics selected from a wide | variety of material. In-depth treatment of grammar, with clear presentatic exercises in the Grammar Spot, and detailed explanation in the Grammar Reference, followed by extensive practice activities, ‘Systematic vocabulary syllabus, including dictionary training, and work on systems such as collocation, Pronunciation work, which is integrated at appropriate points. Integrated skills work, where all four skills are. __ developed in context. Everyday English section, which practises functional language and social situations. This Workbook contains further consolidation exercises which revise the grammatical input of the Student's Book, vocabulary exercises, and a writing syllabus. An optional Student's Workbook for the Workbook. John and L Cura Pee ainers. They are best known for See et eae ed GeO Cie ae ee cme ec ieecr Coe ue ete OXFORD ‘OXFORD IseN 0 Renee www.oup.comelt