_ .

"PRISONER OF WAR OPERATIONS"
PMGO
Volume II of 3 Volumes of Tabs

431

WAR DEPARTMENT SPECIAL STAFF
USA CGSC FT

CAL DIVISION
HJSTORICAL MANUSCRIPT FILE)
PR Yol.II of TABS \%f
o

OCT 11 1963
I NO
R

FILE NO. u-U
TITLE

\

ACC. NO. 491/2-3 (copy V
Prisoner of War Operations,

^*/%

'/V

*\*%%

A G E N C Y O F ORIGIN

Office of the Provost Marshall General

OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF MILITARY. HiSTOfi* J WARTIiOT OF THE A^MY WASHIN6T0N 25, D. C.

RETURN TO ROOM 5E913

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
W A S H I N G T O N 25, D. C.

The Adjutant General's Office -•ashing ton A G 333,6 (10.30.^2) 0B-S.BM04I
SUBJFCTJ
ar

January 10, 1943

Apartment Policy «ith Respect to Labor of Prisoners or Vtr

ft *

The Cosnaanding Generals
trmy Ground forces
Services of Supply
refense Commands
" merit 8
Theaters of Jperatlona
ervic? CcTawAnds
Base Gosaroanda
Ports of rabarkation
The Colander-in~Chi<;f
Southwest Pacific Area
Allied Force
The Gossandlng Officers
Base Commands
Porte of

1 # The War Department policy with respect to labor of prisoners of
i s announced as follows:
a. Observance of a l l a r t i c l e s of the Geneva Convention of 1929 tainlng to the labor of prisoners of war i s directed. Attention la especially called to IrtleXes 11, 12, 27 to 3A Inclusive and .Article il (para^Taph 7+f 89f 100 to 107 and 117, Rules of Land afarfare), b. Any work outside the combat zones not taring a direct relation with -^ar operations and not impairing the »anuftictur« or transportation of arms or munitions or the trenspor+fition of any Material clearly intended for combat u n i t s , ^nd not unhettlthfal, iajogerousj degrading, or beyonc the prisoner's physical capacity, i s allowable and desirable. 2. The clause Hrantporting naterial Intended for combatant units (y)4 27*10 paragraph 104) » i l l be eonatr sd to vean that prisoners of war outside of th« C O ' I zom way ra age in transportation and loadlar and unloaalnf of supplies, Other than ?:rws or munitions, nvcn though setne of the commodities say ersnttiall/ b ^ ? osed by combatant troops* Prisoners of war should not be r«cwired to handle 3uprli^» or mat-drial «bleh i s unmistakably destined '"or thi use of combatant snltt« 3 . "ith reference? to the prohibition against ue: r^dinj work, prisoners of war will not be required tc act as orderlies Tor other than their own

Tloers,
/>. 3u|jp*»?ted tyoes of »ork for such prisoners are ercployiaent in ?far 'eowned ard operated laundries; brush clearance and construction of

AG JBJA

(10-30-12) Prison labor

(cont'd)

fire breaks; raosquito control, soil conservation and agricultural projects;
construction and repair of highways and drainage ditches; strip mining and
quarrying] and other work of a character similar to the foregoing,
5« Questions or doubts as to whether any type of work will violate the
provisions of the Geneva Convention will be re'erred to the sr Department
for rteeislon. Such reference will be addressed to The Provost Marshal General
3y order of the Secretary of War*

/*/ H. B. I/^IS
A / H. B. LTWIS
PrlrediF-r General
Acting The Adjutant General
COFIES
Secretary o" arj
Secretary of . ?
Assistant Secretary of ;an
Director| dwerican Red Crossj
The Chief of Administrative Services,
Se-rMricee Of Cupplv
The Provost Marshal General
Services of Supply
The divisions of the "ar "apartment
Staff

-2­

R E S T R I C T E D
-AR DEPARTMENT
The Adjutant General's Office
Washington
AG 383.6 (12 Aug 43) OB-S-A-y H SUBJECT: TO: August 1943
BSK/gvb-2B-939 Pentagon

Labor of Prisoners of War
Commanding Generals
First, Second, Third, Fourth
Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth
and Kinth Service Commands

1. The receipt of increasing numbers of prisoners of v;ar in the
continental United States and the requests being received from employers
who desire the use of prisoner of war labor, necessitate the establish­ ment of a firm general policy relative to the employment of prisoners
of war so that the maximum use will be made of all available manpower
in the United States.
2. The prisoner of war problem resolves itself into two distinct
phases. The first is the safeguarding, housing and subsistence of pris­ oners of war, and the second is the employment of prisoners of war on the
most essential and gainful work projects which are available. When these
two phases conflict, the safeguarding of prisoners conformably to the
requirements of internal security is considered paramount.
3. Prisoners of war shall be employed on useful projects to the
fullest extent compatible with the provisions of the Geneva Convention,
1929 (FM 27-10). In any case in which it is proposed to use prisoners
in sensitive or critical areas as delimited by Commanding Generals of
Defense Commands, the Service Command will effect necessary coordination
with respect to internal security with the Commanding General of the ue­ fense Command concerned,
4.. Prisoners of war will be employed on the various types of labor
in the following order of priority?
a. Work on or in connection with military reservations which
is essential for their maintenance and operation, as distinguished from
labors of improvement or beautification, and the rendition of services
essential to the health, maintenance, or well-being of troops, including
the operation of Quartermaster laundries.
b. Agricultural work projects including planting, cultivation,
and harvesting of crops, and food-processing.
c. Other essential work projects.

d. Useful, but not necessarily essential, work on or in connection
with military reservations and other projects.

RESTRICTED
AG 383.6 (12 Aug 43) OB-S-A-M (Cont«d) U August 1943

5m The employment of prisoners of war in work on or in connection
with military reservations must meet the following further requirements:
a. The prisoners will be doing work in which the replace
service troops, or which if undertaken, would be done by service troops:
or
b. If the prisoners will be doing work which would normally
be done by civilians, but no civilians are presently en- aged on such
work, either
(1) an adequate supply of civilian labor is not
available, as ascertained by the Service Command from
an authorized recruiting agency, United States Employ­ ment Service or Civil Service Commissionj or
(2) such recruiting agency has certified that al­ though civilian labor is available, there is employment
to be had in the neighborhood for such labor in neces­ sary work, and the employment of prisoners of war will
therefore contribute to the conservation and utilization
of manpower in the areaj or
c. If the prisoners will be displacing civilian employees
presently employed in the work in question, there is employment in
necessary work to be had by such employees in the neighborhood, so
that their displacement will contribute to the utilization of manpower
in that area. In all such situations,
(1) the facts will be ascertained from art authorized
recruiting agency, United States Employment Service or
Civil Service Commission;
(2) the Service Commander will insure that such re­ cruiting agency is ready, able, and willing to secure em­ ployment for the displaced employees; and
(3) it should be explained to the displaced employees
why they are being displaced, and they should be informed
that such recruiting agency is ready, able, and willing to
secure necessary employment for them in the neighborhood.
6. a. Contracts with private employers will not be entered into
until clearance has been received from the Department of Agriculture (in
the cases of agricultural work and food processing) or the Tar Manpower
Commission, through local representatives, that:
(1) the specific employer involved has need for
prisoner of war labor.
(2) no other labor is available at prevailing wages
and under the working conditions offered.
-2­

RESTRICTED
AG 3S3.6 (12 Aug O) OB-S-A-M (Cont'd) U August 1943

b. Contracts with other departments or agencies of the
United States, or with the several States or subdivisions thereof, or
municipal corporations, will not be entered into until clearance has
been obtained from the 1?ar Manpower Commission, through local repre­ sentatives, as set forth in a above with respect to contracts with pri­ vate employers.
7. The total compensation to be paid by the employer will be
equivalent to the prevailing wage rdte in that vicinity as determined
by the local representative of the • ; a r anpower Commission or the
Department of Agriculture, In the execution of the contract for the
use of this labor by civilian employers, the cost to the employer,
including any transportation and subsistence furnioked by him, will
be equivalent to that which it would cost the employer to accomplish
the task by the use of free labor at the prevailing wage rate in that
locality. Thus, if the prevailing wage in the community for the type
of work is 13.00 and the employer agrees to furnish transportation, which
is established by agreement as 25 cents per prisoner, and the noon meal
is valued at 21 cents, the total cost to the employer is ^3.00. However,
he furnishes the transportation and ration directly and pays to the
United States the difference of |2.54« here the Service Commander is
satisfied that prisoner of war labor is or will be less efficient than
civilian labor, allowance may be made in the rates to be paid by the
employer to compensate him for such difference, but the demonstration
that prisoner of war labor is or will be less efficient than civilian
labor and that the allowance is justified must be clear and satisfactory
in each case. It is recommended that wherever practical, the employment
of prisoners of war should be at piece rates or at rates for entire jobs
or projects.
8. Determination as to whether the type of employment offered
is within the terms of the Geneva Convention, 1929, shall be the re­ sponsibility of the Commanding General of the Service Command concerned.
9 # It is the responsibility of the Service Command that prisoners
of war will be employed to the fullest possible extent, and in this
connection, when no work of higher priority is available, prisoners will
be used in doing the most useful available work on or in connection ndth
military reservations.
By order of the Secretary of ar:

J. A. ULIO
COPIES FURNISHED ^feqor General
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1,3DGS The Adjutant General
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2WDGS
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3,^G£
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-4/<DGS
Assistant Chief of Staff, Operations Division, WDGS
The Provost arshal General

-3­

COPY 3AR DEPARTMT The Adjutant General f s Office /ashington AC 383.6 (23 Aug O)
•-5-A-M

CJ* - 2B-939 Pentagon 24 August 1^43

UECTl TO:

Employment of Prisoners of 'ar off Reservations

Command!*!.7 Generals,
First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth
th eventh, r;ighth and Ninth
ervlce Commands
1. The War ^enartment a^d ?<ar Manpower Joimission have agreed to
cooperate, as set forth below, with regard to making contracts for use
of prisoner of war labor by private eirployors and Federal, Mate and
governmental agencies other than the r Department. The method of
cooperation is generally outlined in a joint statement of policy upon
which the far "apartment an: '"ar : nncoi;er Commission have Q-reed (incl
Jfl)« The basic feature of the plan is that requests forttseo^ oris­ oner of war labor will be ch<mneled to the military authorities through
the ' ar armower Commission, while contracts for the use of such labor
will be executed an*J administered by the !lar Department.
2. a. The SAW procedure will b-'come effective 17 September
and beginning ?-ith that ste, no contracts for prisoner of war labor
will be entered into unless the certificate (Incl f2) has been fur­ nished to the prisoner of war camp commander, properly filled out and
sirrned by the representative of the ar ennowr Goramission.
b. Promptly upon receipt of ru.ch certificate, the commanding
officer of the prisoner of rar camp will •r'eter'ninc whether prisoner of
war labor can be ^iade available in accordance with the certificate.
If he fin.-1 s • t hi cannot furnish such labor, be will promptly so in­ form the service eomnander, #ho, if he agrees and cannot otherwise fur­ nish such labor, will promptly notify tbe "tate Director of the , l ' a r
Manpower ioondssion tc that effect. If either the camp commander or
the lervioe COT.T«nder determines that Buch labor • : > Bade available,
the camp commander will endeavor to enter into a contract conforming
to the terms set forth in the certificate and substantially in the fora
of the inclosed copy of contract (Incl ,r3.
sed to which
c« In making contracts, no chao ea will be would impair the intent of and provisions contained In paragraphs 2 and
3 of the certificate (incl #2). However, ninor changes with respect
to the terms specified by the ar Efanpower Coimlssion in paragrtphfi
3,4.,5,6 and 10 of the certificate, such ac will net impair the intent
of paragraphs 2 and 3 of the certificate, are authorised. Thus, Tor
example, if the total cost to be paid by the employer for the job has
been fixed in the certificate as #100.00, and paragraph 5 of the certi­ ficete provides that the employer will supply transportation, but it
-1­

AG 3*3.6 (2? lag 43} GB-S-A-M

U August 1943

(Cont'd)

develops that the employer cannot supply transportation and the Government
supplies the transportation, then the contract may be made to read that the
employer will,not provide transportation, but the total cost to the employer
for the lob will have to b© increased by addinr to the ^100.00 the value of
the transportation which the employer is not providing, so as to insure
compliance with the requirement of paragraph 0 of the certificate that the
c rice to be paid by the employer for the job by use of prisoner of war labor
is equivalent to the cost of the job if done by free labor at wages pre­ vailing in the locali+jy for similar work. ' qually, there may be presented
situations in which tharo would be justification for providing in the contract
for a cost less than the cost provided in the certificate-, because the employer
is furnishing considerations which under the certificate he was not to have
i'^rnished. These illustrations ar* cited as a guide to the application of the
provisions of this paragraph. In case of doubt or question as to any of the
foreroin/?, the commander of the prisoner of war camp will consult with the
represents tivr?. of tha Far Manpower Comisfl on before making the conteaplated
changes.
d. To the extent possible, deviations from th^ form of contract
(Jncl, '3) will be avoided. henever a material deviation from the provisions
of su*v contract arpears to be necessary, the commanding officer of the pris­ oner of war camp will obtain the advance approval of the co^andinf- general
of the service command; but no deviation '.Till be Bade which would conflict
with the provisions of paragraph c above. In cases where the commanding
of the servie ccMftBd feala that a question of new policy is presented, he
. • " , . ra!ial General.
will etttalt the matter to Tho Provost . g e and f added by Bar "epartraent Letter kO 3?3.6 (54 Sep 43) OB-P-A*
MB-A ? 3«bj«eti F«ploywent of prisoners of war off reservation*)
e, Tnstructicna previously issued requiring that the contractor should
pay the United States for each dav f s labor of a prisoner at least an amount
which would equal the aggregate of the prisonerfs daily wage of -0 r^cts, plus
the cost of the prisoner's daily ration or so much thereof as la furnished by
the Governsnt, are rescinded.

£, In order tc assist in the control of prisoners of var engaged on
-ork projects, eaap commanders are authorized to utilize prisoner cf war officers
and noncommissioned officers as supervisors and interpreters. This personnel will
be in addition to the nuuber specified to be furnished in the work project con­ tract. Inasmuch as personnel engaged on these duties are acting for the interest
of the Tnited States they will be considered class one labor and paid 30 cents
per day while so engaged. As they • > . rform no labor for the contractor, there
\ m>lo;•'?!'• nt in this manner will set be included in the -srork contract and reimburse­ ment will not be required from thf contractor.
3. a. Service Command commanders may designate commanders of prisoner of
war c*mps~or other officers (amended by AGO Letter 3S?,6 (5 Jul LL) SP^A-MP-K)
as contracting officers for the purpose of entering into contracts for thr em­ ployment of prisoners of war.
b. Contracts will be reproduced locally and will be numbered as follows:
»15» (represontin- the Sar Department); followed by station number of prisoner of

AG 383.6 (23 Aug 43) QB-S*A»M

24 August 1943

(ContM)

war camp; followed by "pag* (representing the Office of The Provost Marshal
General); followed by a hyphen; followed by the aerial number of the contract.
Thus the first contract executed at the prisoner of war camp, Pine Camp, H, Y.
would be numbered— R 3^-17 1. Station numbers of prisoner or war camps
are assign in Inel, A (meaoranduB -7-43 (3 u,ust 1943),
c. follows;
•i| inal signed number - General Accounting Offices
Duplicate signed number - .-rovost Marshal General;
Triplicate signed nsxaber - Contractor;
ihithenticsted copy - Retained b] Hiding officer of
prisoner of »ar carcps
Authenticated copy - Coonanding General of the Service
Command;
Authenticated copy - + drector, »wer iommiesion.
Distribution will be made immediately upon execution of the contract, A copy
of the ar anpower Certificate will be attached tofindaccompany each contract
distributed.
4. Instructions contained in letter, this office, A . G 3?3.6 (12 Aug
OB-S-A-&, subject: Labor of Prisoners of ^ar, II Angasi 1943, are chanred as
follows:
a. Paragraph L
(l) Delete sub-oarajrraphs b *md c.
(2.) Change sub-pararraph d to _c, and delete the 7/ords "and
other projects" now appearing in sub-par? • d.
(3) Add new sub-peragrapb b as follows: M17ork projects certi­ fied by the ar lanpower Commission, and according to priorities
indicated by it."
b. Paragraph 6.
Contracts will be distributed direct by the contracting officer as

ete entire paragraph and substitute the follow!
"Contracts with orivatf e^lovers or Federal, State or governmental
agencies other than the Bfar department, will not be entered into un­ less a duly executed certificate h a . « been ^reived from the War Man­ power Comaiission through its representative.tf
c. Fararraph 7

Delete the entire paragraph, and change numbering of succeedinr para­ grephs accordingly,
5. Inclosure '5 i w ^ j a list of the names and addresses of the Regional directors
of the*War Manpov^er Commission. Each of the Fecicnal directors on that list has
been instructed by the ar manpower Commission to establish contact and to arrange
local channels and methods of cooperation vith the commandin 1 of the ser­ vice command concerned. Commanding generals will give such Regional i-ectors or
their representatives all necessary cooperation.

-3­

&G 333.6 [23 AuF A)) GB-S-A-M

24 August 1941

(Conttd)

6. 17 September 1<%3, has been fixed as the effective date for the
new procedure In order to allow time for putting the new procedure into operation
* a r during
and prevent stoppage of the utilization of the services of prisoners of < the transition period, nurin^ such transition period, commanders o? pi-
of ear BMpt may eater into contracts for use of prisoner of war labor without
receivir^ certification froa the ; r Manpower Commission, but fed ligning such
contracts, commanders will mural* informally with local representatives of^the
'Aar Manpower ComiEission. Preference in such contracts for use of prisoner of war lab­ or should be given to any projects, certified by the War Manpower Commission. Be­ ginning 1? ?; tember 194-3, prisoner of war camp commanders will enter into con­ tracts only in those cases certified to them by the War Manpower Commission.
7. a. The contract (paragraphs 5 and 6 of Incl. -3) provides la effect
that the contractor will maintain conditions of employment in conformity with
the taftera Convention Relative to Prison far, 27 July 1929 (7 Stat. 2021);
that he Rill comply with all directions of the Government for the correction or
UqMPffflHMSi* of conditions of employment (including the correction of conditions
in violation of the Geneve Convention)? and that he will comply with all directions
of the Government in regard to security measures. In this connection the following
will be o\ nredi
(1) The fact that the contractor is bound by contract to comply 1th
the Geneva Convention lo#f rot relieve the ' ar ' " eno • of the obli- ation
to insure that all requirements of that Convention are carried out. Approp­ riate steps will be taken by the commanding officer of the prisoner of war
cansp, under the supervision of the cowsBandin? peneral of the service command,
to is in re eo sol J an c 1«
(2) In pursuance of the Government*s contract right to correct con­ ditions of employment and prescri?0 security measures, the contracting
officer will furnish to the contractor, at the time the contract is
executr'T, th® ^Instructions to the Contractor under Contract for -ris­ oner of Tar Labor1*, (Inel. C ) . The Government therein expressly reserves
the right to supplement such instructions or change their terms as cir­ cuaster?es T?ay warrant/ T'}e commending: Officer of the prisoner of war
ca"r T»*y ^o*a time to ti o any additional directions to the contractor,
not inoonsigterit with such instructions, which appear to him to be adviseable
or necessary.
f
b. The contract (paragraph 7 of Inel #3) provides for a credit under
certain conditions, against payments due from the contractor, of th* amount of
damages suffered by the contractor arisinr out of uee of prisoner of war labor
in excess of damages normally occasioned by free labor with like experience at
the job. Iny claims under ihia provision will be determined by an officer or
civilian representative o^ the T7ar Department designated for the purpose other
than the contracting officer and not associated with the conduct of any prisoner
of war camp. The officer or civilian no designated will Tor purposes of deter­ mining the c)aim, be deemed an authorized representative of the contracting
officer (Mi contract, paragraph 12)/
8. The contract does not require that the contractor procure workmen1s
compensation coverage OB prisoners of war. Each pris6ners of war engaged in
labor for pay is considered an employee of the United States fo? purposes of
compensation benefits.

9. a. rescinded.

all instructions contrar,; to the provisions of this letter are

b» The commanding generals of service commands ' • n t y issue rules and
regulations governing the contract c uploynent of prisons .re of 'mr, not in­ consisicnt :ith these instructions, provided that copies of all men rules
and regulations of I application shall e • .1 promptly to The
irovost Marshal General.
c. It Is realized that this directive does not fully cover every
possible rase or contingency which ma,y arise but enunciates basic les
in the light of which special cases can be determined by the application of
r sound iu; 1 t , ' " r . e procedure adopted should be t i e d to simplify * " h e
procurement of prisoner of var labor for projects for they arc
and to insure the mfaximuis utilization of such labcr.
By order of the Secretary of

J. A. ULIO iajor General The Adjutant General
6 Inclss
#1 - Policies and Reap, in Ton. with
''iring and Use of Pris. of War Labor.
# 2 - Certification of need for Employment
of Prisonerc of 'ar
#3 - Contract for Pris. of ar La!?or
,:c. :,5^0-?-,r, ' iUgttat 19A3.

#5 - "ar Manpower Comdsaion, n i-ectory of
Reg i onal Dire c tors.
#6 - iBstmetioas to the joatractor Vni^r
Contract for Prisoner of War Labor.

RESTRICTED

WAR DEPARTMENT

Washington 25, D. C.
A& 383,6 (13 Oct 43)0B-S-A-M KLS/hak - 2B-939 Pentagon
27 October 1943.

SU2J3CT:

Administrative and Disciplinary Measures.

TO;

The Commanding Generals,
First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth,
Seventh, Eighth, and Ninth Service Commands;
Military District of Washington.

1. Title III, Section III, of the Geneva Convention of 1929, con­ cerning labor of prisoners of war, provides that the labor of prisoners
of war may be utilized for work connected, with the administration, man­ agement, and maintenance of prisoner of war camps (Art. 34), and for other
work having no direct relation with war operations (Arts. 27 and 31).
2. The camp commander is responsible for the utilization and super­ vision of prisoner of war labor and for the observption of the provisions
of the Geneva Convention, whether in the camp or in labor detachments.
3. The Geneva Convention further provides that any aggravation of
the conditions of labor by disciplinary measures is forbidden (Art. 32).
The commanding officer, in effectuating his responsibility to utilize and
control prisoner of war labor and to administer and maintain his camp in
a satisfactory manner, should, therefore, employ preventive remedies wher­ ever possible. These administrative measures may include:
a. b. c. d. Admonition, reprimand, or other verbal or written reproof.
Withholding of privileges, including restrictions on diet.
Restriction to certain specified limits,
Discontinuance of pay find allowances.

4. These measures specified in the preceding paragraph may be applied
only during periods in which prisoners of war are failing to comply with
the necessary provisions for labor or camp administration. Whem compliance
is obtained, administrative pressure must cease, for thereafter it becomes
disciplinary punishment. These measures are not limited to a single in­ dividual; they may be applied simultaneously to all individuals who are
failing to comply with the administrative provisions. In simple language,
these measures constitute a "no work - no eat policy". They are not to be
applied as individual or mass discipline nor as punishment; nor are they
in any sense to be considered as such.
5. The foregoing is not intended to exclude the imposition in in­ dividual instances of disciplinary punishment upon prisoners of war, as
provided by A. W. 104, or of penalties as a result of court-martial pro­

AG 383.6 (13 Oct 43)0B-S-A-M

(Cont'd.)

27 October 1943.

ceedings, provided such punishments or penalties are not in violation of
the restrictive provisions of the Geneva Convention" coircern ing pens. It ias .W;
and punishments (Arts. 32 and 45 through 59). A.I/. 104 permits imposition
of the following* disciplinary punishments:

a. b.
c. d. e. one week.
f.

Admonition. Reprimand,
Withholding of privileges for not exceeding one week.
Extra fatigue for not exceeding one week.
Restriction to certain specified limits for not exceeding
Hard labor without confinement for not exceeding One week.

6. Article 55 of the Geneva Convention permits-food restrictions as
an increase in punishment to prisoners of war receiving disciplinary
punishment. In on event' shall a restricted diet be imposed in excess of
fourteen continuous dayb, njr will it be-repeated until an interval of
fourteen days shall hpivr e'ippsed, nor will it exceed eighty-four days in
one yepr. The minimum fc-oc1. allowance will include eighteen ounces o f
bread each day and as much water as the prisoner may desire.

By order of the Secretary of ^;ir:

Th/ A,ijL-.tfrnt: General..

COPIES JUR1XISHED:
Assistant Chief of Staff, G-l,
Director of Administrr-tion, ASF;
The Inspector General (5);
The Provost Mai-bhal General ("5);
Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands.(2).

I A R DEPARTMENT ' • a s h i n ^ t o n 2 5 , ••.

.

A G 3S3.6 (23 tap O)
-P-A-MB-A
16

SflBJFCTt TOs

Prisoner of v'ar Labor

Comm??u?i££ Cenerals, First to Ninth >rvice Commands
1. rcefr,r-nc^ is made to letter, I f l JtJ.G (23 Isg 43} CR-S-AM, 21
August 1943, suhject, "Eirploy^fr>t of Prisoners of er Off i,ee< rvations."

2. According to Instructions contained in that letter, the price to
be paid by the employer contr&etinr for prisoner of war labor will be
equivalent to th<? cost o.f the Job if done by free labor at m^& prevailing
Ifl the locality for similar work. The contract -say provide for parent b>
the earplow r on a piecework, jor , xan-hour or man—'.ay basis.
3. Prisoner of -tmr labor ii&y in partic'ju3.-ir canes be measurably less
efficient than Tree Irbor, Ihls will not worV, any .T.atcrial hfe.rdship on the
employer vrhere the contract provides for payment on t pioce-work or Job
basis, since the employer will be payinr only for unitf, actually produced,
"here, however, the contract provides for payment onftroan-houror man-day
basis, serious hardship to the employer may result if the prisoner of wnr
labor is measurably leas efficient than fro? labor.
4. In order to avert or alleviate such hardship t cedures set forth below will be chserved.
Icies and pro­

5. -vhtrever, practical, contracts for errloyraent of prisoner of war
labor will provide for pajfint on a pl»oe-vork or J#b tasis rather than on
a roan-hour or nan-oay hesis.
6. ;;h«?re a contract for employiaent of prisoner or m labor provides
for payment on a man-dt} or ^en-hour bnsls, tad thi prisoner of war labor
is in fact measurably less efficient thai free labor, with resultant serious
hardship on the emrloy r, relief may be ^rantt-d to the employer by re&ns of
an adjustment of the contract price pursuant to «&r departt^nt Procurement
Regulations, paragraph 3OS-A. fteli- f will be granted only in otlearly merito­ rious cases where facts exist .*ustifying the finding that Ihi ?.TT'osocution of
the war will he facilitated thereby.
7. Applications for such relief will be orocesaed as follows:

a. The employer*s application for an adjustment of the contract
price will be in writinr, addressed to the commanding officer of the prisoner
of war camp, and will set forth the amount of the reduction in the contract
price requested. The application will be presented at thr earliest feasible
time, and in all cases before- performance of the contract is • . oracle ted i
before final payment is riade thereunder.

383.6 . , . • ; • *p 43) . . .p*A­ b. The eoamandinF offic* r of the prisoner of war camp will forward the
I cation to r *ihe r with a statement of the facto, a copy of the contract in­ volved, and h i s recownndaticm, to the commanding general of the service eoanaad.
Ha will aet<* In the statement of facta the amount a funds which &r« then,
and which will at the aaaplrtion of the contract be held by the flmUMM of H e r
• " T ' sigclftl. deposit fund (?e -r- ,.
c. fat commanding general »f thr servies command will prompth nem >.: e
application iffeebelieves it is not meritorious. Otherwise he will transmit the
"lie to, ether witfc such further data as he may consider necessary to the regier
otanpower director.
d. the regional *»enpow*r director *ill examine into the facts and return
the file to the oowaanding general of the servicr coa,n>ar.d %%x\\
e. The eowmndinf general oC the service command, incases where he believes
that the application should b* granted, *ill forward the file (incladiaf the r«»­ aosmendation to the regional aanr>ow^r director), together with his finding and

,-,.-•-,,.-.; - t • . t, .• ; .*,-r ^ f

, •-•- '

. -t

.. .

• • -

f

...,}j

. r r v i c e

Forces, thro^fh The Provost -arshal GesiBral, for consideration and dispoeition of
the application under War Department «>rocur$?iMmt H«gul*ti~i~t ••^rn.^T^-^: r -A.
f« l%e f i l e w i l l br returned tbroxigh channels to tb* cotsroanding oft
of the prisoner of war eaiip. If available action has been te or the a p t l i ­ cation b-y the Director, orehmsef 1 ivif?ion, the coniBandlnf o f f i c e r sf the pris­ oner of war casip r i l l cause an i ol agreement to be prepared
executed by the p a r t i e s , evideaedft*1 the ^?justment of the contract price.
agreowent will rct^r s p e c i f i c a l l y to the Action taksn by the tor,
division, urs<ier tr «•-.'. rr,;r -it hpewrff^nt '.c^ijlntion'. f •.-.r^«;rft»ni* ".:•"-..
(Speeimen form of suprdeaental agreenent i s attached, Inelosure 1)
S. L < n and after ?t,e when the coaaandinf officer of a prisoner of war easp f i r s t h&s reason to believe that the wan-hour or man-day rate specified in a contract i s LMfttltafely high or ! I -atlon for adjustment wii: . • • •« • f • thi e i : ] . j - r , $ai La MI twm1 Uitei tin UM - ^f receipt of tr.
icati:;n for adjustaont, he w i l l tra&ssH B u i • r.eeto ot Ogderi rvceivoo
fro« *hf '-iinJoy*?r in peyaeat under the spa tc Uw financ> . r f l l c t i
ak remittances on Staid ) ^ra IQItA and fhowinf tbr fund to be credited as J (% "'"pecial ©posit Piund— ' r i s . " If no ap] or ad­ justment 3s f i l e d , or i f sue* applicatiMi i s f i l e d and denied, the eoamaadiftg o f f i c e r of the oriaoner of war camp will prepare and transmit to th© finance o f f i c e r 4 Standard this date > of Ifl applieatlea Par • •-\1ustsient, he w i l l transmit fill checks or woney or^rz received fro* the eJtplegrer in payaent un-?or the contract to t anefs o 3uch remitt&Bces on tandaH F^rra 10^4 and showing the fund to be credited ai cisJ )eposit Fur, I instructions,* If ao application for adjtaptaieat i s f i l e d , or i f such applieatiaa 1B f i l e d and • tied, the coaaanding o f f i c e r of risonar of war i t i l l repart aad transmit to the finance office ard am Ifi4^f l i e t i n p a l l remittances to be trans­ ferred DOM ^he special d e ^ - s i t tfttd to the r^^ular account and showing the fund to be cr«41tad as S&seellaneous asjaiyti *(2L9il7) - Services of Civilian Internees and Prisoners of . If the applic *' for atljuetRjent ia /ranted and a supple­ mental afreeaent evidencing adjustment i«executed, the coamandinf- officer of th© -2­

prisoner of v;ar camp will prepare and certify on Standard form 1049 the
amount due for refund to the employer in accordance with the agreement
and will prepare Standard Form 104.6 for the balance due for deposit in
the Treasury as iidseellaneous Receipts (if the entire amount of the special
deposits is not to be refunded to the employer) and will transmit the forms
to the finance officer for his action. (The forms above mentioned will
aired in sufficient quantity to provide copies in triplicate for
the finance officer and retained copies for the files of the commanding
officer.) In no case, will the amount of the allowed adjustment exceed
the amount held in the special deposit fund in connection with the particu­ lar contract.
9. The Secretary of ar has found and determined that the foregoing
procedure, &n& the adjustment of contracts in appropriate oases in conformity
with that procedure, will facilitate the prosecution of the war.
10. The t« " dstribution" on the facia 0 of the contract now in
use (Incl. ? of letter, AG 383.6 (2? Aug 43) 0B-S-A*M, 2K August 19-43,
subject, "Enp^oysent of Prisoners of ar off Reservations") is no longer in
accord with procurement regulations, and should ba changed 30 as to be the
aame as the table appearing on the face of the attached for;n of supplemental

a reenent*

By order of the Secretary of iri

J. A. OLIO

•ajor General

The Adjutant General

1 Incl
Supplemental a greenent

-3­

CONFIDENTIAL

WAR

DEPARTMENT

COPY
KIS/md 2 B-939 Pentagon

Washington 25, D. C.

6 February 1944
SUBJECT: TO: Prisoner of v ? a r Noncommissioned Officers
The Commanding Generals
First, Second, Third, fourth
Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth
and Ninth Service Commands
•lilitaiy District of Washington

1. Instances have been reported in which prisoner of war noncommissioned
officers have:
a. Induced a non-cooperative attitude on the part of other enlisted
prisoners toward the performance of labor and otherwise.
b. c. Engaged in organized intimidation of other prisoners.
\xtorted part of iheir earnings from other prisoners.

2. Prisoner of war noncommissioned officers who conduct themselves as
described above, or who fail to show an actively cooperative attitude toward
the camp authorities, or who, in the opinion of the camp commander, in any
manner adversely influence the conduct of other prisoners, will be segregated
from all other prisoners and removed from all contact with them.
3. Service commanders will designate a camp, or a particular area in a
camp or camp3, to which prisoners of war noncommissioned officers segregated
in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2 above v/ill be removed.
Provision will be made by the camp commander to insure that the prisoner of
war noncommissioned officers segregated therein will have no contact of any
kind with prisoners who are not thus segregated.
4. Prisoner of war noncommissioned officers so segregated will be re­ quired to be self-supporting within their own camp or compound, and no pris­ oner of war privates will be furnished to assist in theroaintenancpof the
camp or compound. In the event such segregated prisoner of war noncommissioned
officers request work for pay, such work may be <?iven them in the discretion
of the camp commander, provided that in no circumstances will such work involve
contact 'Aith non-segregated prisoners.
By order of the Secretary of T to:
/s/ J. A. ULIO
Major General
The Adjutant General

COPIES FURNISHED: The Inspector General The Provost Marshal General
Deputy Chief of Staff for Scs (2)
Divisions of the War l?ept. Gen. Staff

17)
R E S T R I C T E D
HEADQUARTERS AR FORCES
Washington 25, D, C.
SPX 383.6 (14 Feb U ) QB-P-SPM&-BB-M
SUBJECT Violations of Prisoner of TO: ar Regulation*
ervice Commands
17 February 1 9 U

Commanding Generals, First to Ninth

1* Interceptions of correspondence between prisoners of war, their families
in eneiqy countries, and relatives in this country frequently show alleged instance B
of fraternizing between guard personnel and prisoner? and of violations of censor­ ship regulations. Prisoners' letters indicate that guards have participated in
drinking parties with prisoners1 exchanged gifts with prison* -, Slivered mesr?
outside of carap at the request of prisoners, and remitted prisoners to accept the
hospitality of civilians while on outside work details. Other letters indicate
that priconer of nar communications ar? carried to and from the camps by civilians
or are mailed by civilians at the request of prisoners who are outside of the esJBp
on work details,
2, The provisions of section I, Prisoner of ar Circular No. 3, ar depart­ •rnent, 194£> will be brought to the attention of all personnel on duty with pris­ oners of war, and camp commanders also i ? ? i l l take immediate action to prevent
^urther violation of censorship regulations*
3, Prisoners' letters from various prisoner of war ca;nps often refer to the
use by prisoners of short-imve receiving sets and the ease with which they have
been able to receive BSSSftges br< t by enemy countries. Precautions will be
taken that the provisions of paragraph 36 and 105, Prisoner of ar Circular o, 1,
ar Department, 131*3, regarding the accessibility to prisoners of short-wave radio
sets are enforced,
£. It is realized that statements written by prisoners of war are subject to
a certain amount of distortion and exaggeration, but the fact that these statements
are repetitious and here been written fro^ widely scattered camps lends credence
to them,
5, The foregoing instructions will b e of war rarcp commanders.
rottght to • bention of all prisoner

By command of Lieutenant General C

J. L. JLIO

Copies furnished: Assistant Chief of Staff, 0-1
Deputy I of Staff for Serrice Commands
Provost Harshsl General
'ajor General
Adjutent General

Headquarters Army Service Forces Office of the Adjutant General Washington 25, D. C.

2B-939 Pentagon
SPX 383,6 (23 Mar U,) OB-S-SPIffi-tf VIA AIR MAIL 3UBJEGTt TO: German Prisoner of War Spokesmen and Supervisors
Commanding Generals
First, Second, Third, Fourth
Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth
and Ninth Service Commands
Military District of Washington
2L March 1944

1, Reports from various prisoner of war camps indicate that in some instances
the safety, security, and maximum utilization of German prisoners of war are being
sacrificed for the superficial efficiency of camp administration by German officers
and noncommissioned officer prisoners. The natural desire of commanding officers
of prisoner of war camps to maintain strict discipline through the medium of the
prisoner of war leaders is understandable.
2, However, experience has shown that many of these German spokesmen and super­ visors, though pretending to be cooperative, are in fact the principal organizers of
aiscontent, acts of violence, work stoppages and slow downs and other disorders con­ trary to existing policy of the ^ar Department. A majority of the German officers
and noncommissioned officers, with years of service in the regular German army, are
indoctrinated completely with the Nazi theory of discipline which permits them to
terrorize enlisted men by any means available. "Kangaroo Courts", secret threats of
violence and family reprisals cause the prisoners to fear such noncommissioned officer
prisoners more than they respect the orders of the American Camp Commander.
3, Commanding Generals of Service Commands will see that the commanding officers
of prisoner of war camps do not allow any command or disciplinary functions, including
command of any formation of German prisoners of war to be delegated to prisoners of
war. All German officers and noncommissioned officer prisoners who are assisting in
the camp administration should be scrutinized to assure that they are not exercising
unauthorized control in the manner described in paragraph 2, above. Those who are
found to be undesirable should be replaced by capable administrative prisoner personnel,
regardless of grade,
4, Camp commanders in the performance of their duty must not be influenced by
apprehension that spokesmen may make adverse reports on that performance to repre­ sentatives of the State Department or of the Protecting Power.
5, Prisoners of war must, at all times, be treated as prisoners and fraternization
of any kind will not be tolerated. The provisions of said Section I, Prisoner of 7ar
Circular No. 3, 1944, and Restricted letter SPX 383.6 ( U Feb U ) OB-P-SFkiG-KB-M, subject:
Violation of Prisoner of *»ar Regulation, 17 February 1944-* will be strictly adhered to,
BY command of Lieutenant General SOMERVELL:

/s/ROpRT H. BUNLOP

CHDIT?<5

FHRMTQinrn ^OP-Ll^S FURNISHED DCSforSvCs - TPMG

Brigadier General
Adjutant General

COPY
IMMEDIATE ACTION
ARMY SERVICE FORCES
OFFICE OF THE COMMANDING GENERAL
WASHINGTON 25, D. C.
6 May 1944
SUBJECT: Employment of Prisoners of War During the Peak Agricultural and
Food Processing Season.
TO? Commanding General. (Same letter sent to all nine service commands)

1. Hie manpower situation demands that every available prisoner of war
must be employed in essential work. The season of the year not only facili­ tates it, but also dictates that maximum efficiency be obtained from every
available man-hour.
2. It is the policy of the Commanding General, Army Service Forces, that
the essential needs of agriculture and food processing industries for prisoner
of war labor be satisfied to the greatest possible extent. Essential Army work
that is work that would be performed even if prisoners of war were not avail­ able has priority I. Work projects certified by the War Manpower Commission
and the War Food Administration have priority II. Useful, but not essential,
work on military installations, such as road maintenance, erosion control,
drainage, improvements, clearance of wooded areas, building repairs, etc. has
priority III and must be subordinated to Army and contract work of higher
priority, including the harvesting and processing of perishable crops. This
diversion of labor will be an essential contribution to the war effort as more
than fifty percent of the fruits and vegetables to be canned this season will
be reserved for the Armed Forces or war services.
3. Advance planning is essential to meet this heavy seasonal load.
Prisoners of war must be in the right places at the right time. Certifications
for prisoners of war must not go unfilled because of lack of planning. You
have an allotment of prisoners. This allotment is short of your requirementsj
therefore, you should develop plans so that each man will be utilized to the
maximum in essential work. Plans must be adapted to prompt execution. The
paper work required for the establishment of branch camps must be reduced to a
minimum so that they can be established within a few days.
4. The following steps should be included in your planning:
a. Assign an adequate number of full-time officers to the Prisoner
of War Branch of your headquarters.
b. Ascertain from the offices of the Vfar Manpower Commission and «ar
Food Administration when and where prisoner of war camps will be needed and
the minimum number of prisoners of war required for essential work.
LvfllEDIATE ACTION

COPT
BUMSDIATS ACTION
c. Survey each work project on each Army installation and establish
its priority rating in accordance with the following:
(1) Priority I, if the work would be performed if prisoners of
war were not available,
(2) Priority III, all other work (See letter 14 August 1943.)
(Priority II is work certified by the War Manpower Commis­ sion or War Food Administration.)
d. Determine the number of prisoners of war that will be available
for agriculture and industry •
e. Plan time tables for the establishment and discontinuance of branch
camps•
f. Plan advance detachments of prisoners of war to prepare new camp
sites for occupancy.
g. Plan detachments of prisoners of war to live in tent camps that can
be moved speedily from one site to another during the appropriate season.
h. Avoid labor reserve pools. Take necessary action to prevent unem­ ployed prisoners of war being held in reserve for future use. This may mean
that you have to resist pressure from local civil officials and businessmen,
but it must be done*
i. Reduce prisoner of war company overhead to a minimum^ ( a prisoner
overhead of ten percent is considered adequate for company, compound and
stockade overhead.)
j. Assure maximum production by requiring that prisoners of war be
assigned to projects.
(1) For which they are physically fitted.
(2) That will utilize their maximum skills, (Use occupational
information on Form ¥© AGO 20)
k. Provide proper training for tasks. Establish yardstiQksof indi­ vidual or group production on a daily basis, require the accomplishment of a
day's work for a day's payj direct reductions of pay for lack of a full day's
production. (Par 3£, Prisoner of War Circular No. 9, 1944)
1. Endeavor to have prisoner of war officers and noncommissioned
officers volunteer for work.
m. Establish work details composed exclusively of volunteer noncom­ missioned officers.
n. Assign malingerers, malcontents and other noncooperative prisoners
of war to unpaid labor details in base camp stockades.
-2­ lilMEDIATE ACTION

COPT
BffllSDIATii: ACTION
5. It is requested that you keep the Office of The Provost Marshal
General informed of your shortage or surplus of prisoners of war in order
that prisoners of war arriving from theaters of operation may be properly
allocated*
By command of Lieutenant General SOMBRVELL:

/s/ W. D. Styer
W. D. STT3R,
Major •:neral, U.S.A.,
Chief of Staff.

(Copy of letter released 6 May <4 by Chief of Staff, ASF)

IMMEDIATE ACTION

-3 ­

COPT
WAR DEPARTMENT The Adjutant G e n e r a l ' s Office Washington 25, D. C.

AG 383.6 (5 Jul 44)
SPMGA-MP-M 14 July 1944.

SUBJECT: Employment of prisoners of war off reservations.
Commanding Generals, First to Ninth Service Commands.
1. Paragraph 3a, letter AG 383-6 (23 Aug 43 )OB-3-A-M, to Commanding
Generals of numbered service commands, 24 August 1943, subject as above,
is rescinded and the following substituted therefor:
3. a. Commanding generals of service commands may designate
commanders of prisoner of war camps or other officers as contracting officers
for the purpose of entering into contracts for the employment of prisoners
of war.
2. For the purpose of negotiating contracts for the use of prisoner
of war labor as authorized by letter cited above, references to prisoner
of war camp commanders contained in this letter will include any other officers
designated as contracting officers by the commanding generals of service commands.
By order of the Secretary of War:
TO:

/s/J. A. OLIO,
Major General,
The Adjutant General.
Copies furnished:
Divisions of the War Department General Staff,
Commanding Generals:
Army Ground Forces.
Army Air Forces.
Army Service Forces
Eastern, Western, and Southern Defense Commands.
The Provost Marshal General.
Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands.
Chiefs of technical services.

CONFIDENTIAL
Headquarters Army Service Forces
Office of The Adjutant General
Washington 25, D. C.
SPX 383.6 (24. Feb 45) OB-S-SPDC-SPMCV FVlq 2B-939 Pentagon
13 March 1945
SUBJECT: Utilization of Prisoners of War in Food Processing Plants
TO* Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Generals, Generals, Officers, Officers, First thru Ninth Service Commands
Military District of Washington
Army Service Forces Depots
Quartermaster Depots

1. The War Department has issued orders for the use of prisoners
of war for work in and about meat packing and other food processing plants.
All reasonable precautions will be taken to guard against opportunities for
rendering food products unfit or dangerous for human consumption through
sabotage procedures.
2. Prisoners of war engaged in these activities will be subject to
such inspections as are required by local or other health ordinances for
civilian workers in these establishments.
3. All Army Veterinary Corps inspectors in plants where prisoner of
war labor is utilized will be instructed to be on the alert and exercise
the closest scrutiny in connection with their inspectional activities with
the view to promptly detecting any attempt at or actual damage to food
products whereby such food would be rendered worthless or jeopardize the
health of persons consuming it.
4. Responsible plant officials will be informed of the importance of
precautions and instructed to give careful consideration to hazardous risks
when designating jobs to which prisoners of war are to be assigned. Insofar
as possible, these prisoners should not be assigned to work which will permit
them to come in contact with meat or other food products which will not be
cooked or sterilized after such contact. Where such limitations of activities
cannot be effected, it will be the responsibility of the plant officials that
all of these prisoners who may come in contact with products susceptible to
contamination will be carefully supervised to prevent sabotage activities or
unhygienic practices which might lead to contamination of the food product
with pathogenic organisms.
By command of Lieutenant General SOMERVELL:
/s/ ROBERT II. DUNLOP
COPIES FURNISHED: Brigadier General
The Inspector General (2) Acting The Adjutant General
Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands (2)
The Surgeon General (4.)
The Provost Marshal General (2)

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES O f f i c e of The A d j u t a n t G e n e r a l W a s h i n g t o n 2 5 , D. C. SPXMP-M 3 8 3 . 6 ( 1 1 J u l 4 5 ) SPMGO

SUSPENSE
DATE

12 July

SUBJECT: Repatriation of Italian service unit personnel

TO:

Commanding Generals, First, Second, and Third Service Commands

1. A limited amount of shipping space will be available for the
repatriation of approximately 500 members of Italian service units on or
about 8 August 19^5- A proportionate number from each unit within your
service command will be selected in order to fill the "quota" indicated
below:
First Service Command 9 Officers
90 Enlisted Men
25 Officers
250 Enlisted Men
16 Officers
110 Enlisted Men

Second Service Command

Third Service Command

2. The personnel referred to in paragraph 1 above will be selected
by American unit commanders after consultation with their Italian officers.
Compassion (provided they are not now under orders directing repatriation)
and/or reward for service will be the basis for selection.
3. Hampton Roads, Virginia, has been designated as the port of
embarkation for this repatriation movement. In order to facilitate the
issuance of War Department movement orders, all Italian personnel selected
for this movement will be collected at one station within your service
command not later than 7 August 19^5* Commanding generals of service com­ mands will transfer the Italian personnel from 'the collecting stations to
the port upon call of the port commander- Motor transportation will be
utilized to transfer the personnel from home station to the collecting
station unless sufficient personnel is available to occupy an entire rail­ road car-
k. Commanding generals of service commands will prepare a roster
including the grade, MRU, and PW internment serial number and organization
of each Italian.selected for this movement. Three copies of the roster,
together with the name and location of the collecting station, will be
forwarded to the Provost Marshal General, Attention: Prisoner of War
Operations Division, and two copies to Headquarters, Italian Service Units,
not later than 23 July 19^5­ 5. Pay records will be closed as of 7 August" :
- 1 ­

6. The provisions of W Memorandum 580-1+5, 25 May I9^5> with the
exception of paragraphs h&, h, i,i, fc> and 1 are applicable for the processing
of this Italian personnel. However, no enlisted personnel will " b e per­ mitted to have more than 100 pounds of baggage. Officer personnel will be
allowed a maximum of 175 pounds of baggage. Furthermore, no individual
will be permitted to have in his possession Government-issued clothing,
shoes, and equipment in excess of that authorized in paragraphs ke and f,
KD Memorandum 580-^5, or firearms or explosives of any nature. Diaries,
books, personal manuscripts, and other written material may be included
in the-baggage of each individual provided it has been censored at the
camp, level. Written material which, in the discretion of the censor, would
be detrimental to the security of the United States were it to remain, in the
possession of the individual will be confiscated.
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL:

EDWABD F. WITSELL
Major General
Acting The Adjutant General
Copies furnished:
Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands
Assistant Chiefs of Staff, G-l, and G-2, WDGS
Chief of Transportation
The Provost Marshal General
Headquarters, Italian Service Units­

- 2 -

25-50521-200

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Office of The Adjutant General
Washington 25, D. C.
SPX 383.6 (11 Jul 45)0B-S-SPMG0-M ALE/jwf 23-939 Pentagon 14 July 1945 SUBJECT: TO: Cancellation of Classification.

The Commanding Generals, First thru Ninth Service Commands
Italian Service Units
The Surgeon General
The SECRET classification of letter, SPX 383.6 (28 Jul 44)
OB-S-SPHGA-M, 1 August 1944, subject: Repatriation of Italian
Prisoners of War, is hereby removed in accordance with paragraph
15d of AR 380-5.
By command of Lieutenant Gerferal LUTES:

EDWARD F. WITSBLL,
Major General,
Acting The Adjutant General,
COPIES FURNISHED:
Director of Intelligence, ASF (2)
The Provost Marshal General, Prisoner of War Division (10)
Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands, ASF (5)

SECRET

COPY NO.
Headquarters Army Service Forces
Office of The Adjutant General
Washington 25, D,Gft

SPX 3B3.6 (28 J u l 44)0B-S-SPL!GA-M

KSli/lq 2ii~939 Pentagon 1 August 1944.

SUBJECT:

Repatriation of I t a l i a n Prisoners of
VTa T» "Jct-t • ft»­

::::::::::::::::::::: s S S C RJ3 T :
; 4- I^T. """ fH" ?" > i ~*° AUT.ii.' 1 c / ^\.<r

• Initial^: if,/
TO: The Commanding Generals, First thru Ninth Service Commands Italian Service Units The Surgson : Dates l"Aug« 44 ::::::::::::::::::

1. Pursuant to the policy of the War Department, Italian pris­ oners of war held in the United States who reside in Allied occupied
portions of Italy will be repatriated, subject to the availability
of shipping:
a. If found eligible on nodical grounds either for direct
repatriation under the previsions of Article 68 of the Geneva con­ vention Relative to the Treatment of Prigonor's of VJar, or for hos­ pitalizaticn in a neutral country undur the provisions of the Model
Agreement annexed to the Convention,
b# Subject to security considerationst

(1) If they are sixty years of age or ovor, or are be­ tween fifty and sixty and have completed tr;o yoars internment.
(2) If it is determined by The Provost Marshal General
that they are entitled to be repatriated on compassionate grounds,
2, S'ervicu Commanders will transmit to The Provost Marshal
General the nanes and locations of all Italian prisoners of war with­ in their commandsj
a« Who have been certified by general hospitals as eligible
for direct repatriation under the precisions of Article 68 of the
Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of 'Tar, or
for hospitalization in a neutral country under provisions of the Model
Agreement annexed to the Convention,
b« Who are sixty years of age cr over, or bctv^jon fifV a
and have completed two joo-rs internment and to whoso repatriation

SPX 383,6 (28 Jul 44)0B-S-SFMGA-M

(Cont'd)

1 August 19-44.

there is no objection because of security considerations #
c. Who in their opinion are entitled to repatriation on
compassionate grounds*, Each such case should be considered on its
merits* Repatriation on compassionate grounds will be granted spar*­ ingly and only after concurrence by the theater commander concerned•
By command of Lieutenant General

J . ,10
. C General
nt General.
COPIES FUKlMioira):
Director,of Intelligence, ASF (2)
The Provost Marshal General, Prisoner of VJar Division Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands, ASF (5)

(10)

> 8ECKGT"­ -2­

'%•

ASF C i r c u l a r ) No. 84 )

HEADQUARTERS, ARM? SERVICE FORCES, Washington 25, D. C , 21 September

Section
Designation of installation - - - - - - - - - - - - - Utilization of Brazilian rubber products -----------I
n

I--DESIGNATION OF INSTALLATION.--1. The Property Section of the
Prisoner of War Information Bureau, Office of the Provost Marshal General,
is transferred to Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, and designated as a
Class I installation.
2. Direct communication is authorized between the Officer in Charge
of the Property Section and the Provost Marshal General's Office on all
routine technical matters pertaining to the property and funds of prison­ ers of war.
3. Effective at once all effects and objects of personnel use,
identification documents, insignia of rank, and decorations will not be
taken from prisoners of war or enemy aliens. The personal effects of
prisoners of war and enemy aliens received at ports of embarkation in
this country or collected at prisoner of war camps, including all effects
of deceased prisoners of war and enemy aliens, will be shipped to the
Property Section, Prisoner of War Information Bureau, PMGO, Fort George
G, Meade, Maryland.
k. Any foreign currency withdrawn from prisoners of war will be
forwarded to the Prisoner of War Information Bureau, Finance Section,
PMGO, Washington 25, D. C.
5. For disposition of foreign currency belonging to enemy aliens
see' paragraph 2jl(l), Circular No. 10, War Department, 19^3.
6. There is a large amount of personal property now, on hand in the
Prisoner of War Information Bureau belonging to prisoners of war confined
in this country. This property is being processed and returned to the
owners where identifiable. Prisoner of war camp commanders will inform
prisoners to this effect.

(SPX 020 (15 Sep>3)0B-I-SPMG-MB-A) II—UTILIZATION QF BRAZILIAN RUBBER PRODUCTS,--Memorandum No. S5-6I4.-I13, t h i s h e a d q u a r t e r s , 27 March 19^3, subject as above, i s

- 1 24-V79OO-9-21

(Cir. 810

- 2 rescinded.
(SPX 423 (18 Sep 43)OB-P-SPPDS-MB-A)
By command of Major General STYER:

(Cir. 84)

LeR. LUTES,
Major General, General Staff Corps,
Acting Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL: J . A. ULIO, Major General,
Adjutant General.

24-47900-9-21

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
W A S H I N G T O N 25, D. C .

USE OF PRISONERS OF WAR II* MAINTENANCE WORK
ASF Circular No. 73, Section VI
11 March 194-4.
Vi~PRISONER OF flfAR—1. In an effort to alleviate the shortage of
skilled mechanics and permit the supplementing of service troops and civilian
personnel to perform necessary maintenance work, it is imperative that
prisoner of war mechanics be used to the maximum extent permissible under
present regulations,
"2. Prisoners of war skilled in maintenance work are now available in
considerable numbers. Their use in maintenance establishments has proven
beneficial in the past. By effectively using- the labor of these prisoners
of war, additional soldiers can be made available tc participate in combat,
and maintenance work urgently required by the Army can be performed. In
the maintenance field, prisoners of war have been profitably employed in
connection with motor maintenance, laundries, warehouses, salvage depots,
and on typewriter repair.
"3. The extent to which prisoners of war are now being utilized at
fourth echelon and combined shops in the various service commands is shown
in section 13 (•laintenance) of the ASF Monthly Progress Report. An analysis
of the report for 31 January 194-4 indicates that prisoners of war should be
used with much greater uniformity throughout service commands. T.D., A.CO.
Form $o. 4,61 has been, and Forms No. 4,62 and No. 463 (Preventive Maintenance
Service and Technical Inspection F'ork Sheets, see par. 37, AR 850-15) are
being translated into German in order to facilitate the use of these prisoners
in the automotive maintenance field.
"4.. It is desired that the possible use of prisoner of war mechanics
in all Army Service Forces maintenance facilities (except Class IV installa­ tions) be immediately investigated by commanding generals of numbered
service commands and Military District of Washington, and that it be deter­ mined whether such use can be effected in accordance with the provisions of
letter AG 383.6 (12 Aug 43) CB-S-A-M, 1 / , . August 1943, subject: "Labor of
Prisoners of "ar.M The findings, if favorable, will permit the commanding
general of the service command concerned to take necessary steps to arrange
for the use of prisoner of war mechanics in accordance with current proce­ dures. Chiefs of technical services have previously been directed to in­ vestigate the use of skilled prisoners of war for maintenance ^ork in Class
IV installations.11

n

(SPX 383.6 (9 Mar 44)

ASF Circular No. 78 (18 Mar l£) CONSTRUCTION — Revised procedure for construction requests

Section
V

CONSTRUCTION — 1. In view of the constant reduction in troop
strength in the continental United States, all construction must be dras­ tically curtailed; approved only when absolutely essential for effectual
troop training, for the health of the troops, for housing prisoners of war,
or for the efficient movement of personnel and material overseas,
2 # Effective 1 April 1944-> any request for new construction, addi­ tions or alterations (except items strictly for repairs or maintenance),
the cost of which exceeds 1000 dollars, at Class I, II or IV installations,
must be approved personally by the commanding general of the interested
service command or the chief of the interested technical service and must
contain complete justification for the proposed work.
3, The request will then be forwarded to and screened by the Chief
of Engineers, If approved by the Chief of Engineers, it will then be for­ warded for approval of the Coimianding General, Army Service Forces,
(SFX 600,12 (10 Mar

EMPLOYMPM OF PRISONERS OF WAR IN AGRICULTURE
ASF Circular No. 34, Section VI
25 March
« V I ~ PRISONER OF WAR—1. The following policy with respect to em­ ployment of prisoners of war in agriculture will be effective immediately.
The War Department has authorized revision of the procedure for certifi­ cation of agricultural labor and the assignment of priority for such
certifications, as set forth in letter AG 3^3.6 (23 Aug 43) OB-S-A-M,
24 August 19439 subject, "Employment of prisoners of war off reservations."
That letter will govern contract and certification forms until new in­ structions are issued.
2. The state director of extension, U. S. Department of Agriculture,
will originate and transmit directly to the commanding general of the
service command requests for prisoners of war to be employed in agriculture.
Each request will certify that free labor is not available at pre­ vailing wage rates and working conditions, and that the price to be paid
is equivalent to the cost of the job if done by free labor at wages pre­ vailing in the locality for similar work. Until a new form is agreed upon,
the state director's certification will follow the form now in use by the
War Manpower Commission and will cover the applicable items of such form.
"3. A copy of each certification will be sent at the same time by
the state director of extension to the state director of the "ar Manpower
Commission. The state director of WC will determine and certify to the
commanding general of the service command the priorities of agricultural
projects in relation to other projects involving the use of prisoner of war
labor.
"4.. The entire procedure will be decentralized so far as feasible
»
and certifications will be handled with all possible expedition, •
tt

RESTRICTED

RESTRICTED

ASF Circular) Wo.;-3O4-. )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES,
Washington 25, D. C , 14 September H

PART p p . (Not used)
PART TWO".
PRISONER OF WAR--Employment by Navy Department.
PART THREE. (Not used)

PART TWO (LJrnited application--special distribution)
PRISONER OF WAR,--1. Commanding generals of service commands and the
Military District of Washington are authorized to furnish prisoner of war
labor for essential work of the Navy Department upon receipt of a request
approved by the Assistant Secretary of the Navy. This labor may be fur­ nished by work details from an Army prisoner of war camp or by establish­ ment of a prisoner of war camp on a Navy establishment.
2.- Work details from an Army prisoner of war camp will be furnished
the Navy Department based on memorandum agreements signed by the appropriate
contracting officers, stating details of this conditions of employment, as
follows:
a. Nature of the work.
b. Number of prisoners of war.
£. The approximate period of employment,
d. Hours of work.
3. Prisoner..of war camps on a Navy establishment will be commanded
by an Army officer^ The commanding general of the service command, or his
designated representative, will be responsible for the internal adminis­ tration of such prisoner of war camp, including court martial jurisdiction
and other disciplinary actions as set forth in Prisoner of War circulars.
The prisoner of war camp commander will conform to such local regulations
of the commanding officer of the Naval establishment as may be applicable
to prisoner of war camps. The commanding officer of the Naval establish­ ment, or any other representative of the Navy Department, will be respon­ sible for the .control of prisoners during periods of employment outside
prisoner of war camps. The commanding general of the service command,
or his designated representative, will always have the right of inspection
of prisoners of war wherever located.
4. The policies and procedures of the War Department, relating to the
employment of prisoners of war, will apply to employment by the Navy Depart­ ment. '
5. The following specific arrangements between the two Departments
will be in effect:
- 1 (ASF Cir. 304)

RESTRICTED

RESTRICTED
-2 (ASF Clr. 304)

a. "Mb trahefer of funds, between the Navy and }Jar Departments will be
made for any reason.
b. The War Department will,furnish camp overhead and camp guards.
£, The War Department wili'pay the wages of prisoners of war.
,.d> The War Department will pay the wa^es of War Department personnel
assigned to a. prisoner of., war camp located on an establishment of the Navy
Departraent,
£• The Navy Department will furnish tools, equipment, and trans­ portation for work details.
f. The Navy Department will furnish guards for all Navy work details.
£. When a prisoner of war camp is located on a Navy establishment,•
the Navy Department will furnish housing and will be responsible for the
maintenance of the camp property. It will also furnish rations for pris­ oners of war and War Department personnel assigned to the camp.
h« The Navy Department will furnish medical care for prisoners of
war and for guard^and overhead personnel housed at a Navy establishment,
except in cases where prolonged hospitalization is necessary.
6<, Prisoners of war employed on projects of the Navy Department will be
reported under project code 6l in the Prisoner of War Camp Labor Report, WD
PMG Form 27, Revised.
7. When the commanding general of a service command or the Military
District of Washington grants approval to the activation of avprisoner of war
camp at a Navy Department establishment, he will designate an officer to
maintain liaison with the Commandant of the Naval District, or his designated
representative^ in matters pertaining to security, housing, and feeding.
8. The commanding general of the service command or the Military Dis­ trict of Washington will notify the Provost Marshal General when approval
is given to the establishment of a prisoner of war camp at a Navy Depart­ ment establishment.
(SPX 383.6 (13 Sep MOSPMGA)
(Minimum distribution: Prisoner of war camps.)
By command of Major General STYER:

LeR. LUTES,
Major General, General Staff Corps,
Acting Chief of Staff.

OFFICIAL: J # A. ULIO, Major General, The Adjutant General.

RESTRICTED 25-2702-3700

ASF Circular) Wo. 319 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES,
Washington 25, D. C , 23 September M

Section
PART ONE.
SHIPMENT--Reusable "boxes PART TWO.
PRISONER OF WAR--Training school for officers -ARMY GROUND AMD SERVICE FORCES REDISTRIBUTION STATIONS
ASF. Circular No. 242, I9H, amended -WALSH -HEALE? Act--Violators; list published " b y Department
of Labor, amended PART TSREE.
RENEGOTIATION--Adjustments in schedules for completion RENEGOTIATION--Announcement of appointments -CIVILIAN PERSONNEL--Showing of film, "The War Speeds Up11-REPORTS--Plant clearence termination inventory I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

PART

O N E

(General application -- complete distribution)
I--SHIPMENT.--1. Drawings and specifications are available for use
in the preparation and assembly of reusable stripping boxes for a large
group of vehicle assemblies, and the aspembl?r-•, so covered are listed in
paragraph 3* Shipments fron base shops and i\-0.1. ' . ; ; • ;J;allations of all
assemblies included in the list vill be made l i reusable boxes prepared
according to these specifications. The boxeap are to be used in addition
to and to supplement the applicable packaging specifications existing
under Army and Ordnance specification numbers, and are not intended to
be substituted for or to replace them.
2. The provisions of this circular are effective immediately, and
the necessary instructions and materials are to be obtained by the
operations affected in order to comply. Requisitions for the drawings
and specifications will be sent to Packaging Branch, Engineering and
Manufacturing Division, Office, Chief of Ordnance--Detroit, Union Guard­ ian Building, Detroit 32, Michigan. All information necessary for identi­ fication in requisitioning the instructions is given with the assemblies
in the listing.
3, The list of available specifications for reusable shipping

- 1 -

(ASF Cir. 319)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 319)

boxes developed "by the Ordnance Department for the designated vehicle
assemblies follows:
Fpl pkg. Inst. No. 220-2 221-5 484-1 558-3 676-I 68l-3 725-1 772-1 Nomenclature Axle, front, w/o wheels, assembly Jackshaft (rear axle) assembly Kadiator, w/shrouds, assembly Engine, gasoline, left or right assembly Radiator, assembly Transmission, assembly Differential, w/carrier, / assembly Carrier, differential, forward rear axle, assembly Transmission-transfer case, assembly Transfer case, assembly Major item
Half-track vehicles Half-track vehicles Half-track vehicles
Tank,, light, M5 Tank, medium, M4A4 Tank, medium, M4 Tank, medium, M4A4
Truck, wrecking, heavy, Ml (Ward La France or ICenworth)
Half-track vehicles
Truck, 1-1/2-ton, 6x6 1943 (Dodge"
T-223)
Truck, 1-1/2-ton, 6x6 19^3 (Dodge
T-223)
927382
TD-A7-38OO-Q.
35S
CAD 3600293
CAD 3600294
cc-964986
cc-1066090.
Manufacturerf s
, No.
9WA6430
9W67O

1024 1025

1029

Axle, forward rear, w/
"brakes, drums, and hubs,
assembly
Transfer Case, assembly

926928

IO3O-1

Truck, l/4-ton, 4x4, FM-GFW-77OO
command reconnais­ sance (Ford or Willys)
Truck, l/4-ton, 4x4, FM-GPW-7000
command reconnais­ sance (Ford or Willys)

1031-1

Transmission, assembly

k. Section II, A f f i T Circular No. 153, IS^k, as amended by section I,
ASF Circular No. 272/19^4, is amended.
(SPX ^57 (22 3fep M O )

PAET

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
II—PRISONER OF WAR.--1. Establishment.—A prisoner of war train­ ing course for officers is established at the Provost Marshal General's
School. The course will consist of practical- experience in a prisoner of
war camp and organized" classroom study. Length of the course is 2 weeks
plus an additional week of practical experience at a prisoner of war camp.
2. Purpose.--The program has been designed to improve the adminis­ tration of all prisoner of war camps by furnishing commissioned -personnel
properly trained in standard procedure concerning prisoner of war aclmin^­ istration. Officers completing the course will be ut'ilized'as replace­ ments for untrained officers presently assigned to prisoner of war camps
who, in turn, will attend the prisoner of war course at the Provost Mar­ shal General's School. Officers completing the course will be furnished
material which will be used to operate an enlisted troop school upon
their return to their.respective prisoner of war camps.
3. Student personnel.--The initial class vill be composed of ap­ proximately one hundred of the officers presently1 in the Officers' Re­ placement Pool, Fort Ouster, Michigan. Subsequent classes will be
composed o f —
a. Officers who have been replaced at prisoner of war camps by
trained officer personnel who have completed the course.
b. All unassigned military police officers who may be ordered to
the officers' replacement pool upon their return from oversea assignments,
4. Quota,-rlt is anticipated that the initial "course will be com­ pleted on or about k November 1 9 ^ , and at that'time, approximately one
hundred officers will be placed on temporary duty 'in the service commands
as replacements for untrained officers presently assigned to duty in pris­ oner of war camps. All commanding general's of Service commands will sur­ vey the officer personnel, in prisoner 'of war campg within their commands
and designate officers for; whom the ctfufse is considered necessary.

. 9-

(ASF Cir. 319)

- 10 -

(ASF Cir. 519,

The officers so designated will be ordered to the Provost Marshal General1!
School for the purpose of talcing the course. The quota established for
each service command is as follows:
First Service Command . . . . . . . . . Second Service Command* . . . . . . . . Third Service Command . . . . . . . . . Fourth Service Command, . . . . . . . . Fifth Service Command . . . . . . . . . Sixth Service Command . . . « . . . « • Seventh Service Command . . . . . . . . Eighth Service Command. . . . . . . . . Ninth Service Command . . . . . . . . . (SPX 352 (20 Sep H)SBMGA) (Minimum distribution; Classes I, II, and prisoner of war camps.)
3 5 9 22 5 5 Ik 28 9 IV installations and all

Ill--ARMY" GROUND AND SERVICE FORCES REDISTRIBUTION STATIONS.—Para­ graph l4d, ASF Circular No. 242, 1 9 ^ , is rescinded and paragraphs 6a(l)
and (2) and 13£ are amended to read as follows:
6a. (1) Sufficient copies of orders issued "by reception stations
(or hospitals in appropriate cases), transferring re­ turnees to redistribution stations, will "be provided
to
(a) Furnish each individual two copies> with in­ structions to present one copy upon reporting
to the redistribution station.
(b) Forward to redistribution station commanders,
with the records of the individuals included
in the order, four copies per individual.
(2) Orders will state, in the case of each individual, the
date by which he must report to the redistribution sta­ tion, the place where leave or furlough will be spent,
the date the individual departed from, the reception
station, and in the case of enlisted personnel, the meal
last rationed*
c- Each returnee" will be interviewed with a view to supplementing,
correcting, or confirming information contained in his records to the end
that he will leave the station properly assigned. Recommendations will be
made on the desirability of retraining individuals whose military occupa­ tional specialties are no longer in demand or whose physical condition is
such as to preclude his being used in the military occupational specialty
in which trained. The Army General Classification Test will be readminis­ tered in a form not previously given to those returnees who desire re test­ ing and to those returnees who cannot be properly reassigned without

ASF CIRCULAR)

No. 38

j

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 2 February 19V?

Section
PART ONE. (Not used)
PART TWO.
ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS—Sec. II, ASF Cir. 279, 1944, amended ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS—Reassignment—- ITAIIAN SERVICE UNITS—Sec. IV, ASF Cir. 206, 1944, amended CIVILIAN PERSONNEL--Compensation of on-call employees PART THREE.
PRISONER OF WAR--Camp not to " b e located on same post with
disciplinary "barracks or rehabilitation centers—

I
II
III
IV

V

PART

TWO

application — J special distribution)
I--ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS.—Section II, ASF Circular No. 2?°., 1944,
as amended, is further amended " b y adding paragraph l6c(6) as follows:
(6) Censorship control.--Nothing in the foregoing shall " b e
construed as preventing the responsible commander .from
exercising such censorship control over domestic mail
of members of Italian service units as he deems neces­ sary in the interest of security.
(SPJC 322 (27 Jan 45)SEDC)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations;
Italian service units)
II—ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS--Effective 6 February 1945, all Italian
service units now assigned for preparation for extended field service are
released from such assignment and are concurrently reassigned to their
respective service commands for special Italian service unit duty,
without change of station
(SPX 322 (1 Feb 45)SPMOU)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations;
Italian service units)
III—ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS.--Section IV, ASF Circular No. 206, 1944,
as amended, is further amended as follows:

..-1 -

(ASF Cir. 38) (Sec. I , I I , I I I - Part Two)

- 2 - (Sec.

(ASF Cir. 38) .
II - Part Two)

1.

Paragraph 3 is rescinded and the following substituted therefor:

3. Training responsibilities.—In accordance with paragraph
5, section II," ASF ClrcuIer"Tr67~57^T^9^ t h e
commanding generals of
the numbered se.rvi.ce commands- are responsible .for all training activi-1
ties of Italian" service units except promulgation of training doctrine
and preparation of training programs. When Italian service units are
located at class IV installations, the commanding general of. the service
command in which the installation is located is responsible for the
training- of these units. This responsibility is discharged through the
installation commander under the provision of paragraph 6b and £, AE
170-10.
2, paragraph 4, is amended by adding & as follows:

£ ??!?:i45L? ^ ^ ^ ; service units assigned for special
Italian service unit dutyT^-Italian service units~assigned for special
Italian service" unIt"duty will train not less than 4 hours per week
during normal duty hours. Two hours per week will consist of refresher
training in basic military subjects as listed in paragraph lb(l), sec­ tion V, ASF Circular -Wo." 206, 1944. The remaining 2 hours of this train­ ing will consist of English • language, instruction for Italian personnel
as prescribed in section VIII, ASF Circular No. 374,1944.
3., Paragraph 10, as amended by section II, ASF Circular No, 338,
1944, is further amended by deleting a and substituting the following
therefor: ~
a. All Italian service units assigned "for preparation for
extended field service" by Headquarters Army Service Forces will submit
Unit Training Status Reports (Control Approval Symbol TE-135) i n accord­ ance with instructions contained in paragraph 76, ASF Manual M 4, Mili­ tary Training, 20 September 1944, as emended by Changes No. 1, 15 January
1945. "Not required" will be entered opposite all references to weapons
training and in section' 15 of the report form. When an Italian service
unit is placed in equipment priority A-2, A-3, or A-4,-or under-warning "
or movement orders, an entry will be made in section 18 (Remarks) as
follows: "All personnel will meet the requirements of the appropriate
paragraphs of Italian POM (4 Jul 44) by_ -." Italian
service units assigned other than "for preparation for extended field
service" will not submit Unit Training Status Reports.

(SEX 353 TT~Feb 4p)SJTPJ<)

(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and XV installations;
~Tbaiian service units)

IV--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.--Reference is made to War Department Civil­ ian Personnel Circular No. 13, 19^5, subject, "Hours of work and compu­ tation of pay for "on-call" employees."
1. a. Paragraph 3, Circular No. 13, prescribes, effective 1 April
six standard tours of duty for all on-call employees and provides
that any variation from these standard tours will require the approval
of the commanding general of the appropriate force. All installations
employing on-call employees must, therefore, either establish one of
the standard tours or place in effect an authorized exceptional tour,
not later than 1 April 191*5.
b. Requests by ASF installations for exceptions will be addressed
through channels to this headquarters (Attention: Director, Industrial
Personnel Division). In order that action on them can be completed in
sufficient time, such requests should be submitted by installations not
later than 2k February 19^5. Each request will be accompanied by the
following information:
(1) Schedule of hours on duty of each shift.
(2) Number of hours to be considered as time on active duty,
and number of nours required for eating or sleeping.
(3) Number and duties of employees concerned.
(k) Full explanation of need for proposed exceptional tour.
2. a. Attention is directed to the fact that the changes in the
War Overtime Pay Regulations are effective retroactively to X January
19^5• Any overtime compensation due on-call employees will be paid in
accordance with provisions of paragraph 7> Circular No. 13, immediately
after the authorized tour of duty has been placed in effect.
b. Where any of the standard tours of duty have been worked by
onwcaXl employees since 1 January 19^5, the amounts of overtime now due
will be calculated in conformance with paragraphs k and 5, Circular No.
13. In a case where on-call employees have been employed since 1 January
19^5 on other than one, of the standard tours of duty, the' commanding of­ ficer of the installation vill determine what part of the tour is to be
considered active du£y and what part is time required for sleep and meals,
3. Questions regarding compensation on-call employees will be ad­ dressed through channels to this headquarters (Attention: Director, In­ dustrial Personnel Division). They should be accompanied by items (1),
(2), and (3) as listed in paragraph lb, together with any other pertinent
information regarding the conditions of work of the subject employees.
(SEX 230.44 (1 Feb 45)SPGCC)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations employ­ ing civilians)

- 3 -

(ASF Cir. 38)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

(ASF Cir. 38) (Sec V. - Part Three)

PART

T H R E E

(Hq, ASF; technical services; hq, service conraands)
V--PRISONER OF WAR.--1. Prisoner of-war camps and disciplinary'"bar­ racks or rehabilitation centers will not be located on the same posts
without the* specific approval of the Commanding General, Army Service
Forces. Commanding generals of service commands will submit requests for
exception to this policy to the Commanding General, Army Service Forces,
for final determination. The term "disciplinary barracks" will >e under­ stood to mean the United .States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth,
Kansas, and any branch thereof heretofore or hereafter duly designated as
such by the Secretary of War.
2« With the exception of Prisoner of War Camp,, Fort Benjamin Harrison,
Indiana, no change need be made where an existing prisoner of war camp and
a disciplinary barracks or rehabilitation center are now located on the
same post.
(SPX '680:1 .(20; Jan

BY C0MAN3>- OF. LIEUOTMT. GENERAL STYER:

OFFICIAL: J. A. ULlO, Major General, The Adjutant General.

LeRr. LUTES,
Major General, G.S.C.,
Acting Chief of Staff,

25 -23000 -2-2 -1*5 .36OO

RESTRICTED

ASF CIRCULAR) Wo. 39 )

HEAttjHAKCERS ABMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 2 February

PART ONE, (Not used)
PART TWO".
. PRISONER OF WAR—Violations of regulations.
PART THREE. (Not used)

P. A R T T W O
(Limited application -- special distribution)
PRISONER OF WAR.--1. Recent incidents involving prisoners of war
indicate a growing laxity in the enforcement of prisoner of war directives
relative to the maintenance of order and discipline in prisoner of war
camps. Appropriate measures will "be adopted immediately to insure a
stricter compliance with all War Department" circulars and directives
relative to prisoners of war, and a tightening up.of prisoner of war
discipline.
2, Statements in the press and correspondence from put lie and
private sources indicate that the fraternisation "between prisoners
and American military and civilian personnel concerned with their treat­ ment is increasing. Appropriate Bteps will "be taken to insure that the
provisions of section I, Prisoner of War Circular No. 3, War Department,
^ are scrupulously obeyed and violations appropriately punished.
3. Any activity or conduct not specifically required "by the
Geneva Convention which has a tendency to create in the mind of the
general public the impression that prisoners of war are panpefed will
"be avoided. In this regard the provisions of section I, Prisoner of
War Circular No. 3, should be brought to the attention of all those
concerned with the employment, supervision, or guarding of prisoners
of war. Recalcitrant or contemptuous attitudes on the part of prisoners
resulting in their refusal to work will be answered promptly "by the
adoption of the "no work, no eat" policy. (See WD letter (AG 383.6
(13 Oct ^3)0B-S-A-M), 27 October 19^3, subject, "Administrative Disci­ plinary Measures," addressed to conananding generals of the numbered
service commands and the Military District of Washington.) The camp
commander may adopt other disciplinary Erasures pursuant to the provi­ sions of Priaoner of War Circular No. 3^, Vter Department, lykk, when*
ever he daems it appropriate.
4. Although Article 11 of the Geneva Convention provides that food
rations of such prisoners Bhall be equal in quantity and quality to that
. 1 (ASF Cir. 39)

RESTRICTED

RESTRICTED
- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 39)

furnished United States troops at base Camps, the issuance of food sub­ stitutes in lieu of critical items on short supply is not prohibited;
for example, oleomargarine may be substituted for butter, corn syrup for
sugar in cooking. Necessary steps will be taken to replace critical
items on prisoner of war menus with food substitutes, especially those
items which the general public is unable to procure and which are in
short supply for our own troops.
5« The diet, of prisoners of war will consist of wholesome foods
prepared in a manner similar to that of the food provided our own troops.
Fancy pastries, delicacies, and other dainty cooking prepared at the
expense of a nutritious diet and the economical use of food.rations will
be prohibited.
6. In order to insure the proper enforcement of War Department
regulations and directives, periodic inspections of prisoner of war camps
will be made at. irregular times. During these inspections a systematic
search will be made for tunnels or other aids to escape, including food
caches. The removal of food by prisoners of war froin. mess halls to
barracks will be prohibited. Each camp commander will prepare a ch?ck
list based on the situation in his particular camp for use in making
such inspections. The existence of Tn up-to-date, workable inspection
check list will be verified by higher authority upon visits to the camp.
7. Commanding generals of service commands will take necessary
steps to insure that the work of prisoners of war is competently super­ vised, that each performs a full day's work, and that appropriate
disciplinary action follows any wilful loafing or dilatory tactics on
the job (by prisoners of war).
8. As a fire prevention measure, appropriate checks will.be made
in buildings where critical articles (for example, tires, electrical
equipment, truck components, batteries, etc.) are stored, after prisoner
of war work details have departed. The post guard details or civilian
watchmen will perform the principal duties of smoke and fire detection
and prompt sounding of the fire alarm by remaining on the premises for
at least l/2 hour after operations hav- ceased. (See sec. II, ASF Cir.

107,

M )

9. All personnel, military and civilian, who perform duties in
connection with prisoners of war, will familiarize themselves with
pertinent regulations. Commanding generals of service commands will
assure themselves that this is done.
(SPX 383.6 (27 Jan ^5)SPM>0)
(Minimum distribution; Prisoner of war camps)
BY COMMAND OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL STYSR:
OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO, Major General, The Adjutant General. RESTRICTED 25-22663-37OO LeR. LUTES, Major General, G.S.C., Acting Chief of Staff.

ASF CIRCULAR) Wo » ?2 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 12 February
Section

PRISONER OF WAR—Staff responsibility for liberated
, . Americans -: PART TWO.
MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS— Sec. IV, ASF Cir. 236, 1$M, re­ scinded TRAINING JIUA--Distributed or declared obsolete during
January 19^5 ­JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15)— Paragraphs 56O t o •568 r e v i s e d — —

j
II
ill IV V
VI
VII
VIII
IX

J

REPORT—Foreign and technical positive intelligence STORAGE DIVISION--Sec. VI, ASF Cir. 80, 19^4, rescinded— PRISONER OF WAR--Repatriation of Italians — PROPERTY--Appointment of Ad Hoc Committee PROPERTY—Surplus and industrial storage space require­ ments--—

PART

O N E

(General application • » - complete distribution)
I--PRISONER OF WAR.--1. The purpose of this circular is to establish
within ASF over-all staff responsibility for the processing, rehabilita­ tion, and disposition of returned American prisoners of war.
2. The Director of Personnel is hereby charged with such over-all
staff responsibility subject to War Department policies. Thie responsi­ bility will include:
a* Effectuation of policies and procedures prescribed by War
Department directives.
b. Recommendation of policies and procedures, or changes therein,
to the War Department General Staff.
c. Coordination of activities of all ASF agencies as they affect
returned American prisoners of war.
d. Staff supervision of policies and procedures within the juris­ diction of the technical services and other ASF staff divisions.
e. Establishment of an adequate rehabilitation program including
athletics and recreation, information and education, and personal af­ fairs activities.
- 1 (ASF Cir. 52)
(Sec. I - Part One)

(ASF Cir. 52)
(Sec. I - Part One --
Sec. II, III - Part Two)
f. Coordination' of the program, e above for returned American
prisoners of war with the reconditioning program of The Surgeon General.
g. Establishment of appropriate follow-up, inspection, and report­ ing procedure to insure efficient 'administration in the handling of such
personnel, /
(SPX 383.6 (10 Feb /

PART

iM0

(Limited application -- special distribution)
II—MEDICAL ABBREVIATIONS.-flection IV, ASF Circular No. 236,
is rescinded. Authorized medical abbreviations are indicated in Changes
No. 1, AR ^0-1025, 5 February
. 1 Feb it-5)SI
(SPX 3 1 2 A ( (Minimum distribution;/ Station hospitals, regional station
hospitals, and general hospitals) "
III—TRAINING FILM.--X. Tne following films and film strips were
distributed by Army Pictorial Service during the month of January 19^5 .
Film Ho.
TF TF TF TF TF TF TF TF FB FB

Hunning .
Time (Min.) Engineei* Road Graders 19 Handliiig of Boats and Pontons in Swift Currents 13 Operation of Rafts 15 Plaster Casts 38 Swinging into Step 33 Carburetion, Basic Principles 27 Store It Right 2Q Truck Operation in the Combat Zone 12 The Light Tank, mk 21 Concentric Recoil Mechanism 10 Suggestion Power (domestic distribution only) 18 Stock Control at War 20 Conservation of Clothing and Equipage 25 Battle Wreckage 10 Film Communique No. 15 - Yankee Noodle 21 Westward is Bataan (domestic distribution only) ii-3 Combat Bulletin No. 32. Activities'in European Theater of operations—American 1st and'9th Armie3
drive closer to Roer River; on Holland front,
British introduce a new mine detector; in Vosges

5-1^08 5-U15 8-2080 8-2083 9-208^ 10-2086 10-2087
160 162

Misc. 1100

1112 . 1113 \IF 29
VJF 50 OF 27

CB 32

Division, War Department General Staff, OCS Form 17 has been designed for
the reporting of positive technical information of primary interest to Army
Service Forces.
2, The following procedure will be observed with respect to the use of
these forms:
a. . CCS.Form 17"will be used for reporting all foreign positive intel­ ligence including any technical information pertaining to foreign weapons,
equipment, materiel, and related subjects.,,
b. WD AGC Form 600 «UL1. be used fore-report ing all technical informa­ tion pertaining to our own-weapons, equipment, materiel, improvisations of
the same in the field, state of technical trailing, leadership and morale
of our own forces, and related subjects*
3. OCS Form 17 can-be obtained aa formerly by request from the Director
of Intelligence, Army Service Forces.
ha WD AGO Form 600 is stocked by the AG depots in each service command
where supplies may be obtained by requisition in accordance with Circular No.
26h, War Department, l^kh,
5. Blank second sheets to be used with both OCS Form 17 and WD AGO Form
bOO are regular supply items. They may be obtained from any quartermaster
depot by requisitioning as follows:
Paper, Carbon, Duplicator, Spirit Type, Purple, size 8" x 13"
(Stock Number 53-P-7^27), and Paper, Carbon, Duplicator, Liquid
Process, Master Paper, White, Size 8" x 13" (Stock Number 53-P­ 11759)
6. ASF Manual M 801, Collection of Foreign and Technical Positive Intel
ligence in the United States, has been distributed to all interested agencies
and "it is desired that part 3 of this manual be corrected to Conform with the
procedure outlined in "paragraph 2b above.
7. ..Section V, ASF Circular No, 288, 1 9 ^ , is rescinded.'
(SPX 350.05 ( V ) )
VI-TSTORAGE DIVISION.--Section VI, ASF Circular No. 80, igkh, is rescinded
The information has been published in Circular No. 33, War Department > V
(19 Feb 1 + )
VH--PEISONEE OF VAE.—1. In order to relieve the crowded condition of
general hospital installations in the continental United States and to
facilitate the repatriation of Italian prisoners of war eligible for repatria­ tion, the commanding generals of all service commands will take the following
action:­

- 15 -

(ASF Cir. 52).
(Sec. V, Vi, VII - Part Three)

- 16 -

(ASF Cir. 52)
(Sec. VII, VIII - Part Three)

a. Appoint repatriation teams of not more than three members con­ sisting of medical officer personnel of general hospitals within the
respective service commands and empower them to execute WD AGO Form 19--kl
(old WD PMG Form 91-1) in triplicate certifying to the eligibility for
direct repatriation of the prisoner of war concerned. If possible, at
least one member of the repatriation team should be able to speak Italian.
b. Provide clerical assistance and administrative aid to the re­ patriation teams for the preparation of records and certificates ­ _c. Empower these medical teams to examine all Italian prisoners
of war who apply for repatriation or whom the camp authorities believe
may be eligible and to certify all sick and wounded prisoners eligible
for direct repatriation in accordance with the previsions of Article 68
of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War
or for hospitalization in a neutral country under the provisions of the
Model Agreement annexed to the Convention.
2, Distribution of executed forms, WD AGO Form-19-^1 (old PMG Form
91-1),will be made in the following manner:
a. One copy without diagnosis to the repatriate.
b. One copy to be inclosed in the repatriate's 201 file with his
complete medical record.
_c. The original to be forwarded to the Office of the Provost
Marshal General, Attention: Medical Liaison Branch.
(SPX 383.6 (7 Feb i|-5)SPMG0)
VIII—PROPERTY.--1. At the semiannual service command conference
held at Biloxi, Mississippi, 1 to 3 February 19^5, excess property dis­ position and classification and repair of repairable property and a re­ port on survey of returns to stock were discussed. Final determination
of a sound solution to the current problems brought to light by these
discussions was held in abeyance pending receipt of ^comments from chiefs
of technical services and commanding generals of service commands on
the report on'the Survey of Returns to Stock, and the testing out of
modifications of solutions proposed therein. To facilitate deciding on
a satisfactory placement responsibility and the development of workable
procedures to control the movement of "returns" to stock the appointment
of an &d Hoc Committee is hereby announced.
2. The mission of the Ad Hoc Committee is to review and evaluate
comments of chiefs of technical services and commanding generals of serv^­ ice commands on the report on the Survey of Returns to Stock; to observe
the operation of pilot reclamation centers to be set up in the Fourth
and Third Service Commandsj and to prepare recommendations based on its
findings.

ASF CIRCULAR) No - 98 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C., 20 March

Section
PART ONE
FUNDS—Use of nonappropriated funds at Army installations
I
PART TWO
INSTALLATION—Discontinuance of Hq, Ordnance Training Center,
and Ordnance Unit Training Center, Conley, Ga. II
PILOT—Civil airline pilots inducted into the armed forces— III
PRISONER OF WAR--Prevailing wage rated for prisoner of war
labor IV
PART THREE
FIELD VISIT--Procedure to be followed by personnel of Hq ASFV
PROPERTY—ASF Cir. 81, 19^5, amended — VI

PART (General application —

O N E
complete distribution)

I—FUNDS.—1, There have been recent cases where projects involving
the use of nonappropriated funds at Army installations have been prosecuted
without proper authorization.
2. The stipulations of section IV, Circular No. 28l, War Department,
lykk, subject, "Funds," govern the use of nonappropriated funds for con­ struction, maintenance, and the purchasing of furnishings at War Department
installations.
3. It is directed'that all responsible commanders within the purview
of circular referred to above comply therewith in all cases.
(SPX 123 (16 Mar 45)SPM0C)

PART (Limited application —

T W 0
special distribution)

II—INSTALLATION.—1. Effective as of 15 March 19^5, the Headquarters,
Ordnance Training Center, and the Ordnance Unit Training Center, located
at Conley, Georgia, activities of the Atlanta Ordnance Depot, Atlanta,
Georgia, were discontinued.
- 1 ­ (ASF Cir. 98)
(Sec, I - Part One —
Sec. II - Part Three)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 96)
(Sec. II, III - Part Two)

2. The QninanGe Automotive School will remain on an active status
as an activity of the Atlanta Ordnance Depot.
(SPX 353 (13 Mar 45)SPM0C.)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
III--PILOT.—1. It is anticipated that some civil airline pilots,
and co-pilots will " b e inducted into the Army in the near future. In
view of the fact that the training of this personnel is peculiar to the
Army Air Forces, the following action will be taken.
2. These men will be identified by a certificate, substantially
as that appearing in paragraph 6, signed by a responsible office of a
civil airline, which they will present at the reception center.
3. After processing at the reception center, these men will be
assigned and transferred to BTC No. 2, Keesler Field, Biloxi,, Miss.
The following notation will be included in their transfer orders:
"for such processing and training as will be available for air' lines
pilots and co-pilots."
4. An entry will be made in the service records of these men on
page 15 under Remarks - Administrative: "Certified air lines pilot
or co-pilot."
5. Men assigned and transferred in accordance with these instruc­ tions will be reported, for accounting purposes only, in paragraph 8m
of the Monday Daily Availability Report, (ASF Registry No. 43-WDGA,)
to The Adjutant General.
6• Sample certificate from airline.

TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:

1. This is to certify that_ has been in
the employ of this company from to date. During this
period he has been employed in the following capacity:
First Pilot - (Insert inclusive dates)
Co-Pilot "

_ . . 2. He has logged the following flying time while in the employ
of this company.

a

*

T

_ype aircraft

Pilot

Co-Pilot

Sub-Total

Single engine Twin engine Four engine

Hrs Hrs Hrs

Hrs
Ers _Hrs Total Hrs Hrs Hrs

b.

General summary
Total hours flown " alone " " " Hrs
Hrs
Hrs

over 400 H.P. 1 1 " within
preceding 12 Mos. Hrs

3. In the event of his induction into the Army, it is recom­ mended that he " b e assigned to the Army Air Forces in order that he may
undergo such flying training and assignment as he may " b e found qualified
for and for which vacancies exist.

(To " b e signed " b y responsible officer
of airline)
(SPX 327.31 (21* Feb 45)SPGAP) (Minimum distribution: Reception centers) IV--ERISONER OF WAB.--1. I t is the policy of the War Department to execute contracts for the u t i l i z a t i o n of prisoner of war labor at the wage rates prevailing in the community for similar work by civilians. This policy has "been enunciated clearly "by the Secretary of War in agreement irrth the War Manpower Commission and the War Food Administration (Agri­ cultural Extension Service) relative to procedure for the execution of the certifiedb.ion of n;.ad. /tfD l e t t e r (AG 383.6 (23 Aug 43)0B-3-A-M), 24 August 1 9 ' I J . to Commanding Generals, First to Ninth Service Commands, subject, "Employment of Prisoners of War off Reservations. 'J

- 3 (Sec.

(ASF Cir. 98) I l l , IV - Part Three)

- k - (Sec.

(ASF Cir. 98)
IV, V - Part Three)

2. The prevailing wage rate, as certified, will be the rate paid
civilian labor for the specific operation at the time of the commence­ ment of the work in the area in which the work is to be performed. Where
wage rates are subject to seasonal variations, contracts will be negoti­ ated only for the period for which the certified wage rate is applicable.
When a new wage rate becomes effective, a new contract will be negotiated.
3. The issuance of a certification of need by a certifying agency does
not obligate the War Department to execute a contract for prisoner of war
labor. Neither does it require that the War Department, without question,
accept the wage rate certified. The certification of need is issued for
the information of the contracting parties and prescribes the wage rate
to be specified if a contract is executed.
h. Commanding generals of service commands, prisoner of war camp com­ manders, contracting officers, and.prisoner of war camp labor officers will
take all practicable measures toward gaining assurance of the adequacy and
correctness of certified wage rates. This information can be secured with­ out the establishment of an investigative agency, through the normal rou­ tine contacts of camp officers with employers, work supervisors, and civil­ ian workers, and from service command labor officers.
.5. When available information indicates that the certified wage is
not a true reflection of the actual prevailing wage, all of this informa­ tion will be submitted to the certifying agency by the camp commander, who
will request a redetermination of wage rates by that agency. If appropri­ ate action toward adjustment is not initiated promptly by the certifying
agency, the matter will be referred to service command headquarters for
disposition.
6. It will be borne in mind that the War Department must be protected
continuously against possible charges that prisoners of war are being
employed on contract work at wage rates lower than those paid civilian
labor. This can be accomplished only through continuous vigilance at serv­ ice command and camp levels.

(SEX 535.'6 (16 Mar i£)SPMG0)

(Minimum distribution: Prisoner of war camps)

PAET

T H R E E

(Hq_, i£5F; _technical services; hq, service commands)
V—FIELD VISIT.--1. Officers and civilians on duty within Head­ quarters ASF, including the offices of the chiefs of technical services,

ASF CIRCULAR) No, l t e )

E^QUARTERSARMY" SERVICE FORCES Washington 25, D. C , 20 A p r i l -Section

PAET_OHE (Hot used)
PART TWO
REPORT--Additional information to "be supplied on WD AGO
Form 8-19 ~ I
PRISONER OF WAR--General use by post engineers for con­ struction and maintenance work •— II
PART THREE
MESSAGE- -Ov.erclassification Ill

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
I--REPORT.--1. In order to provide more complete information with
respect to the utilization of personnel in ASF Medical Department
activities, the following modifications in reporting on WD AGO Form
8-19 are directed.
a. Installations utilizing the services of civilian nurses, paid
nurses' aides, volunteer nurses1 aides, or cadet nurses will report
these categories under Remarks, line 73. With respect to civilian
nurses and paid nurses' aides, there will be shown the numbers of each
employed as of the last day of each month. The total of these two
categories will also be included in Table V on line 32 or 33. For :
cadet nurses, show the number assigned as of the last day of :th'e month.
Since cadet nurses are not counted as Federal employees, they will be
excluded from Table V. For volunteer nurses' aides, show the total
number of persons reporting for duty at least once during the month
and show also the total number of hours of Iservice contributedi
ID. Reporting in Table VII is modified as follows:
(1) On the basic reporting form,., column (2) will cont-ain
entries, applicable to enlisted men only. There will
be added to column (l) for entries in column (2):
SSN (072) Physiotherapy Technician
SSN (263) Psychiatric Social Worker
(2) Installations having assigned WAC enlisted personnel or
prisoners of war or both will attach a separate sheet
of Form 8-19 using Table VII only. The duty assignment
of all WAC enlisted personnel by SSN will be shown by
entries in column (2), and where the SSN and MOS are
- 1 (ASF Cir.
(Sec. I - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir.
(Sec. I, II - Part Two)

not shown on the form as amended above, additional
SSFs will " b e entered in the blank lines 6k through 72.
The duty assignment of all prisoners of war will like­ wise be shown in column (3), properly labeled, of this
attached-table • for as.many SSN's as are applied to en­ listed men. All the, remainder will then be grouped in
a category "Other/' to " b e added to column (l) for
entry in column (3). All entries for prisoners of war
will " b e totaled, and the total shown at. the bottom of
the column.
(3) In deriving the additional requirement by SSN as shown,.
in column (5), consideration must be given to the
total of the four categories of personnel shown: • EM,
WAC, POW, and civilian.
c _ . These data submitted on individual organization reports will
be included by consolidation on consolidated reports rendered in ac­ cordance with the provisions of Circular No. 286, War Department, I9M.
2. Section III, ASF Circular No. 23, 19^5, is rescinded.
(SEX.319.1 (17 Mar ^5)SPMCM)
(Minimum distribution: ASF hospitals; all surgeons at class I}, II,
•and IV installations)
. II--PEISOWER OF WAS.—.1. The following policies with recpect to
the use of prisoners of war on construction and maintenance work ac­ complished by post engineers within the continental United States will
govern:
a. When civilian labor is available, prisoner of war labor will
not be used.
b_. In the event that civilian labor is not available and the use
of prisoners of war is necessary for the completion of a project, the
prevailing wage or price per unit for the same type of work will be
charged against funds allotted. The wage shall not be paid to the
prisoner of war. The prisoner of war shall be paid 80 cents per day
in accordance with existing Prisoner of War Regulations.
c. Prisoners of war will be utilized to the maximum in the estab­ lishment, conversion, maintenance, and dismantlement of security and
housing facilities for Prisoners of War and essential guard facilities.
2. Any dispute concerning the policy of the use of prisoners of
war will be settled when possible at the local level. In the event
that no settlement can be accomplished locally, the matter will be
referred to the division engineer for his decision. All staff guid­ ance above that level will be furnished through regular channels.
3. The above policies have been cleared with the War Manpower
Commission and representatives of Building and Construction Trade De­ partment of the American Federation of Labor in Washington, D. C.

h. The Building and Construction Trades Department of the American
Federation of Labor has sent the following letter, inclosing the state­ ment of the policies set forth in paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 above, to the
presidents of their international unions and the local buildings and
trade counci3.s:
Attached hereto is a copy of a policy adopted by the War De­ partment relative to i j h e employment of prisoners of war on build­ ing and construction work. This policy was promulgated by the
War Department after conferences between representatives of the
Building and Conetruction Trades Department and representatives of
the War Department.
There will undoubtedly arise instances where there will be
misunderstanding as to the interpretation of this policy. In the
event such an instance does arise, our members will refrain from
any stoppage of work until such time as the misunderstanding is
re .vred to the Building and Construction Trades Department so
tl*£t they will be able to take it up with the proper authorities
of the War Department for adjustment.
We wieh to direct to your attention paragraph lc of the order
issued by the War Department which sets up and explains the condi­ tions under which prisoners of war will be utilized. Representa­ tives of the Building and Construction Trades Department subscribe
to the provisions of this particular paragraph, and there should
be no misunderstanding. In the interest of the war effort we urge
your strict cooperation in the carrying out of this p61icy as pro­ mulgated by the War Department.
It is understood between the representatives of labor,and the
representatives of the War Department when a request is, made to
supply workmen that if they are not available in the numbers nec­ essary to carry out the construction project contemplated, the War
Department or their agent will employ prisoners of war until such
time.as the necessary number of workmen can be supplied.
(SPX 383.6 (17 Apr ^5)SPGCL)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, III, and IV installations;
all prisoner of war camps)

T I E E E
/
(Hq. ASF; technical services; hq, service commandsj
III--MESSAGE.--1. A recent survey of classified messages received
and sent by the War Department has revealed a substantial amount of

PAET

- 3 -

(ASF Cir. lte)
(Sec, II.- Part Two --
Sec. Ill - Part Three)

- k -

(ASF CIr. 142)
(Sec. Ill - Part Three)

overclassification by the originators. This has the effect j f endn r
ing cryptographic security, impeding operational service, and reducing
the degree of security afforded properly classifed messages.
2. Army Service Forces staff divisions and technical services wil
carefully review all messages before they are sent out to see that ovcr
classification is avoided and prevent any misuse of communications fa­ cilities. Messages should bear the lowest classification consistent
with safety.
3. The Office of the Director of Intelligence (It. Col. Herbert
G. King, 2xt. 72624, Room JS-580) is available at all times to assist
with any classification problems.
(3PX ?11 (18- April 45)SPINT)
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMEPVEIX:

OFFICIAL: J. A, IF.IO Majc-i General The Adjutant General

LeR. LUTES Major General, GSC Chief of Staff

25-34000-20-4-45-42^0

ASF CIRCULAR) No - 1^° )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 27 April
Section

PAR'T_qW_E. (Not used)
PAST TWO
MOTION'PICTURE FILMS—Use in classification and counseling
group conferences at hospitals " PRISONER OF WAR--SuggfePted. menus for Gernan prisoners .REPORT—Weekly, report of Procurement Assignment Board THfiftE

.C0itf£3P0NDLA\TCE~-0n White House m a t t e r s

I
II
III

IV

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
I—MOTION PICTURE FILMS.—1. Separation classification and counseling
will be carried out in hospitals in accordance with Circular No. 1+86, War
Department, 1 9 ^ . In convalescent hospitals, classification and counseling
activities will be governed by provisions of ASF Circular No. kl9,'
and section III, ASF Circular No. 90,
2. An essential part of all classification and counseling activities
is the group discussion of educational, informational, vocational., and
occupational problems. Patients should be included in such group disous­ sions as early in the courses of hospitalization as their physical condi­ tion permits. Representatives of civilian agencies authorized to operate
in hospitals should be encouraged to talze part in these group orientation
conferences.
*. Classification and counseling orientation conferences can be
facilitated through the use of motion picture films.and other audio­ visual aids. Such films should serve to stimulate .tne diacusaion. o.f prob­ lems related , to the readjustment/and relocation of servicemen,
to civilian life.
•k\ The. film "Your' Next .Job," EF-^f, la recommended for use in classi­ fication and counseling group discussions. Requisitions should be made
on the local hospital filia/libraries. If sufficient. pri?xt3, Of this fjLlm
are not available from local'hospital" film libraries, they yill be . . .
requisitioned: from the aervice command film libraries by ,tjie" lp.cal. hos­ pital visual aid coordinator tie outlined'In TM'8-29.0^.
J 1 3 . 5 3 (13 /eb 1^)CT);'
(Minimum dist/ibution: General hospitals;'ASF convalescent hospitals
( , T
(Sec. r'- Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir.. 150)
(Sec. II - Part Two)

II—PRIS(MEB OF WAR.—1. Shortage of meat in the commercial market
and difficulties attending the procurement of both canned and fresh meat
and other critical items for the armed forces make it imperative that
such items used for prisoner of war messes be reduced to a minimum and
that meat be confined to varieties which are in least demand by Ameri­ can- citizens.
2. Inclosed are 1^ suggested daily menus for German prisoners of
war which will be followed in the near future by issue charts. Issue
charts will indicate a maximum of k ounces of meat per man per day in­ cluding eggs. Cacned fruits have been eliminated and sugar, including
that •pertained in jam atid other spreads," reduced'to approximately 1 1/2
ounces per man per: day.
3. The meat items listed below .may be used in connection with the
feeding of prisoner's* of war at a rate which will not exceed k ounce's of
solid meat per man per day. Quartermaater market centers are being in­ structed to limit their purchases to the items contained in this1 list
and are authorized to substitute other items on the list when necessary.
However, substitutes of more expensive cuts such as pork loin and car­ cass beef will not be made. When it is impossible to obtain the quality
of meat required for prisoners from one or more of the authorized meat
Items, the requisition will be canceled and it will then be necessary to
increase other noncritical items of food in the replacement of meat.
Hereafter, requisitioning agencies will submit separate requisitions
for meat items required for. prisoner of war messes.
a. Meat from swine will be limited to feet, hearts, livers, kid­ neys, tails, neck bones, salt pork, fatbacks, dry salt bellies, and oily
pork not acceptable under existing specifications for Army feeding.
b_. Meat from veal will be limited to utility grade carcasses and
hearts.
c. Meat from lamb and mutton will be limited to mutton of any
grade, utility grade lamb carcasses, and mutton or lamb livers.
d. Meat from beef will be limited to shanks, flanks, "skirt's,
livers, hearts, kidneys, ox tails, tripe, brains, and green bones.
e. Sausage products will be limited to those products "autfiorized
by OPA specifications for civilians according to MPB 3^9; bologna and
frankfurters, types 3 and k; liver sausage other than Braunschweiger;
liver loaf; pork, or breakfast sausage, types 3 or k; minced luncheon
meat; berliner sausage; meat loaf, miscellaneous, types 3 and k; Polish
sausage, type 3, MPR 3^9J and scrapple.
f. Fish will be limited to the cheaper grades of salted or round
dressed fish.
4. Other additional food items which are in short, supply at the
present time include fats, canned fruits and vegetables, jams, and'

sugar. Canned, fruit3 and jams, except marmalade, have been eliminated
from the menu and sugar substantially reduced. The caloric value of
the ration has been established at a maximum of 3^00 calories. This is
to be furnished only to those doing active work. All others will be fed
a ration furnishing not more than 2500 calories. On Sundays, prisoners
ordinarily doing active work will be fed at the sedentary level of
activity. The reduction caused by the elimination of critical items
and the lower meat component has been replaced by an increase in vege­ tables and flour products.
5. The above changes will be put into effect immediately in all
German prisoner of war messes. The provisions of prisoner of war cir­ culars and TM 19-500, Enemy Prisoners of War, are to be amended
accordingly.
(SPX 383.6 (21+ Apr ^5)SPMG0)
(Minimum distribution: German POW camps; all installations at
which German prisoners of war are located)
IH--REPORT.--The Procurement Assignment Board reports that respon­ sibilities for procurement as set forth below for the following items
were assigned to the service or services indicated, and that maintenance
responsibility (as defined in sec. IV, ASF Cir. 22U, l$kk) for these
items was assigned to the service charged with responsibility for stor­ age and issue (excluding items assigned for storage and issue to the
Army Air Forces). Assignments of responsibility for storage, issue,
and maintenance were not made by the Procurement Assignment Board, but
are included herein at the request of, and as prescribed by, the re­ sponsible agencies.
Begs. 1. Week ending 31 March
Adapter, Cluster, Belt, Safety, Troop, Type C-2 Camera, Aircraft, Type K-19C Case, Carrying, MJO Charger, Hydraulic, 20-MM, M7 Compressor, Air, Three Stage, Type C-l Computer, Bombing Position, Type K-l Container, Vacuum, Liquid, Type G-l
(Two Quart) Disk, Garnet Paper, l/2-inch, 100 Disk, Garnet Paper, 5/8-inch, 100 Disk, Garnet Paper, 3/^-inch, 100 Disk, Garnet Paper, 7/8-inch, 100 Ord AAF AAF Ord Ord AAF AAF AAF Med Med Med Med Ord AAF AAF Ord Ord AAF AAF AAF Med Med Med Med Ord AAF AAF Ord Ord AAF AAF AAF Med Med Med Med Ord AAF AAF Ord Ord AAF AAF AAF Med Med Med Med Ord AAF AAF Ord Ord AAF AAF AAF Med Med Med Med Ord
AAF
AAF
Ord
Ord
AAF
AAF
AAF
Med
Med
Med
Med
Funds Pur.

S&I

- 3-

(ASF Cir. 150)
(Sec. II, III - Part Two)

- k ­
(Sec. Spec. Drape., S u r g i c a l , 2k-Inch t y 24-Inch Drape,, S u r g i c a l , 3^-Inch "by 66-iaoh Gage_, Fuel P r e s s u r e , Type C--16 Hider, F l a s h / 20--MM,. M4. Impreg-iite, ] Q C C C " 3 Launcher^ Itoek.et, 2o6-L\ich, MlS Mount; Gun., Ty~je..I<>7 Pack,. Rigid A e r i a l d e l i v e r y 'Parachute, 'Type D--1
Med Med AAF Ord CWS Ord AAF AAF Eece, . Med Med AAF Ord CWS Ord AAF AAF

'(ASF C i r «

150) ' I l l - Part'Two) Pur - I n 8 P . • S & I
Med Med i\A.F Ord CWS Ord iMed Med •AAF Ora CV'S Ord AAF AAF

Funds
Med Med AAF

Med
Med AAF Crd .CWS Ord AAF AAF

O,"d
CWS Ord AAF AAF

A A*;
AAF

Phonographic,' Paper.
• Waterproof'" .
Chloride'and' Srorriid'e (non-waterproof)
Airgraph, (y-Msdl).,.
Recep tacle9 Bomb'" Release /"Type A--2
Refrigerator;. Mechanical, 18 Cubic Faet,
100 7oIt, 60 Cycle
Release.,-. .BonCb^Fvack^ Type.. A-5
Rocket, BE,;: i:;! 5 - Inch, ! MI&,
Rocket, ' practice, , U i
Sight, . " ^
Sighi,,, E ^
•Tester, Elactrtc Circuit,"'Tjrpe 3-1
Tra iner, Dejxipiis ^ra^ or,, Ty pe . Q - 25
Trainer j Mock-up) -Vtype'1. 0-64
Trigger.,..E-lsotr'lQ,', 20-MM,, Wh . .
Tuning Equijaant 'lE-3.7-(...)
Wheel, Cloth, Buff ing,'' 4-Inch
Wrapper, Glove., JJ.-inch "Q-J 11-inch
Wrapper ; S'cerils Supply, 19-inch by-12-inch
Wrapper, Sterile Supply; lS--ii?ch ty .18-inch
Wrapper?.,SLsrile.,Supply; 2k-inch "by 2!4-inch
Wrapper.. Sterile Supply 2 55*inch, 'by 36-inch.
2. Week, ending 7 April. 19^5,

AAF AAF AAF AAF Qitf) AAF Ord Ord Ord Ord AAF AAF AAF Ord SC Med Med Med Med Med Med -

ALL ALL ALL AAF Med AAF Ord Ord Crd Ord AA? A.AF. /.AFOrd SO Med Med Med • Med Med Med

ALL ALL ALL AAF Med AA? Ord Ord Ord Ord

AM:' A A F
AAF AAF QMC AAJ Ord AA? 1 .AA?1 AAF OJMC AAF Ord Ord Ord Ord

ALL
ALL ALL AAF Med AAF Ord Ord Ord Ord AAF AAF AiJF Ord SC Med Mad Med Msd Med Mod

Ord.

W­ MF
AAFOrd SC Med Med .Ked Med Med Med

Ord Or 3 AAF MF .AAF • AA3T AA? M F Ord . Ord st °C I4ed Med Msd Med Msd Myd Med Med M3d Med Mod Med

Back ReB.t; Adjustapls., P
Barge; peck .Cargo, Steel, 120'., Design 2;jlA

Car, Railway^ T©.uk,?-l6>000 Gallon,. .^O-Tqkf 8-Wheel",.- 60"'.Gauge. Cartridge,,' Armor, Piercing-IncendiaryTracer, Cale -50; i/i20 Cartridge^ Tracer, .Hsadlight; C a l i t e r ,56, M21

Meo. TC TO Ord Ord

Med TC TC Ord Ord

Med TC

Med TC

Med TC

Med TC

TC TC"
Ord

TC Ord. Ord

TC Ord Ord

QrK
.Ord

.drd

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 153 )

HEADQUARTERS ARM¥ SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 30 April
Section

PART ONE (Not uaed)
PAP.T TWO
PRISONER OF WAR--Holiday rations-I
CIVILIAN TRAINING—Machine records course II
MILITARY POLICE--Sec. II, ASF Cir. 1^3, 19^5, rescinded Ill":
PRISONER OF WAR--Sec. II, ASF Cir. l*+2, 19^5, amended—-IV
JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15)--Amended V
PART TF.3r.EE
FISCAL ACCOUNTING--Use of WD AGO Form 1>-11> VI
REPORT--Sec. VI, ASF Cir. 330, 1 9 ^ , rescinded -- VII
CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT—Responsibility incident to special
and protective clothing and contaminated equipment VIII
REPORT--Inventory of machine tabulating equipment (punch card) IX

PART

T W O

(Limited application -j special distribution)
I--PEISONER OF WAR.—1. Reference is made to section II, ASF Cir­ cular No. 350, 1 9 ^ , which directs that, except for Christmas day,
prisoners of war will not receive increased rations in order to cele­ brate any holiday,
2. Immediate steps will be taken tp insure that all personnel con­ cerned with the operation of prisoner of war messes take particular care
in the preparation of menus for prisoners of war on German or Italian
holidays. Prisoners of war will be issued the usual daily rations on
all holidays, except Christmas. Holiday meals will contain no special
dishes and, as far as possible, no items which are in short supply will
be used in their preparation.
3. The provisions of this circular do not apply to members of
Italian service units.
(SPX 383.6 (21 Apr ll-5)SFMG0)
(Minimum d i s t r i b u t i o n ; P O W camps) II--CIVILIAN TRAINING,—Section III, ASF Circular No. 358,
furnishes information covering courses in IBM training conducted at the

- 1 -

-<ASF C i r . 153) (Sec. I I , I I I - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 153)
(Sec. II, III.,- Part Two)

Machine Training School, AGO, Washington, D. C , and a schedule of
classes for the first 6 months of 19^5. A schedule of classes for the
last 6 months of 19^5 follows:
* "
1. Tabulating Equipment Operation Course (B-2)•" Starting date 5 July 20 July 6 August 21 August 5 September 20 September ~ 5 October. 20 October 5 November 20 November 5 December 20 December
2

Closing date
18 July" .
2 August
18 August,
3 September
18 September
3' October
18 October
2 November
17 November
3 December
18 December
3 January 19^6

??:?j?-c Wiring (B-3)
Starting date k h k h 3 July August September October November Closing date
17 17 17 17 16 July
August
September
October
November

k December

17 December

3. Advanced Wiring-junior Supervision (A-l)
5tart ingf dat e /losing date
19 July 1 August
20 Auc-uat 1 September
19 Septem'ber 2 0ctober
19 October 1 November
; 19 November 1 December
19 De c smber 2.. January;19^6
(SPX 353 (23 Apr 45)HT)
(Minimum distribution"; • Class I,- II, and" IV installations)
III--MILITARy POLICE,--Section II, ASF Circular No. 1^3, ,
and section V, ASF Circular No. 1^+7, 19^5^ concerning military police

inspectors.. : $ ? . cities, on trains, and in railiroad .and bus statlpna', are
rescinded.. "v '
(SEX ^00.402 %$6. Apr' 5 . ) )
(Minimum dis.t^i^ufion:''' 'PMG Replacement Ppol. and Training Branchy
Fort Sam Hous'tonT^Tex. j interested-MP^units; officers concerned)
IV--FRJSOISEB OF••WAK:+-1. Paragraphs, 1>, an.d 2, .Section II,; '
Circular Nor11^2,-'19^5, are rescinded, an&ui&e following/substituted
therefor:'''
1. • ] > . ' . ijn, the event, that civilian, lator i& not available and the
use of prisoners of war is, nece.ssar^ for. the completion of a project,
the prevailing wage or price per unit" for the saW" type of work will
" b e c'osted against the appropriate, cos;t.Recount, ,but will not " b e charged
tc appropriated funds. The wage shall'not " b ep e f t c t . to the prisoner of
war. The prisoner of war shall "be, paid, .80^ per day in accordance with
existing Prisoner of War Regulations.
2. Any dispute concerning the;' policy of the use of prisoners of
war: will."be. s , e , t / t l e d , when.^ossibiej ";at'the local level. In the-event
that-a: settlement .caimo^'j^ £6c6ri£lisheld''locally, thematter.jW^ll-"be
referred through the di Vi si oh" engine er-!t6 the commanding general of
the service command for his decision. All staff guidance above that
level will " b e furnished through regular channels.
(SPX .385.6 (26 Apr U5)SPGCL)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, III, and IV installations;
all prisoner of war camps)
V--JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PS 15).--The, 'joint Termination
Regulation (PR 15). is hereby amended in the manner set out below, and
this.amendment will be included, in substantially.,the following form,
in the next printed revision of the Joint Termination Regulation (PR 15)>
at. whic}i.:time this circular will be deemed to be rescinded. This action
^sr concurred in by the Navy Department, and compliance with this
amendment.is mandatory; at once.
,21;7 tJse' of suspension _of performance . -­ "217.1 Statutory provision. -- Section IIOb) of the Act provides as
'follows: """
"Whenever a contracting agency hereafter directs a prime-con­ tractor "to cease or suspend all or a substantial part of the work under
a prime contract, without terminating the.. Contract, then, unless'the
contract provides otherwise, (lj-the-contracting agency shall compensate
the contractor for reasonable costs.and expenses resulting frouL such
cessation or suspension, and (2) if the cessation or suspension extends
for thirty days or more, the contractor may elect to treat it as a
termination by delivering written notice of his election so to do to
the contracting agency, at any time before the contracting agency
directs the prime contractor to resume work under the contract".""
- 3 (ASF Cir. 153)
(Sec. Ill, IV, V - Part Two)

(ASF Cir. 153)
(Sec. V - Part Two)
217.2 Where suspensions authorized. -- (1) Arbitrary suspension of
performance of work under contracts generally causes undue hardship to
affected war contractors and increased costs to the Government, gives
rise to injurious uncertainty in the minde of management and labor, and
otherwise creates confusion and disorganization harmful to tlje war
effort and to the national economy. Contracting officers should not
direct a prime contractor to suspend performance while attempting to
decide requirements for continuing production or as a temporary expe­ dient in connection with the solution of other administrative problems.
Suspensions will, therefore, be ordered only to the limited extent per­ mitted by subparagraph (.2) .below,.and every precaution will be taken to
insure that each suspension is in fact in the public interest in the
light of the factors set out above and not merely an administrative
convenience.
(2) Contractors may be directed to suspend performance of work
only where -­ (a) A termination has definitely been decided upon, but time
is needed in which to determine whether the termination should be ef­ fected as a termination for default or for the convenience of the Gov­ ernment ; or
(b) Complete or substantial performance under the contract
is needed, but cessation of performance for a period not unreasonable
under the circumstances is necessary or deemed to be in the best
interest of the Government, provided that the written approval (in the
case of the War Department) of the head of the local procurement dis­ trict, depot, or other office, or (in the case of the Navy Department)
of the chief of the; bureau, will be required for the continuance of any
suspension (subject to paragraph 217.3(3)) issued under this subpara­ graph (b) if the • • contractor requests its revocation.
217.3 Terms of suspension. -- (1) Where a suspension is ordered, the
contracting officer should —
(a) Discuss with the prime contractor the nature and terms
of the suspension and reduce such terms to writing*
(b) Limit the duration of the suspension to the shortest
practicable period; and
(c) Avoid delay in reaching any decision which may be re­ quired as to the necessity, nature, or scope of a termination.
(2) If possible, the contracting officer should negotiate with
the contractor a supplemental agreement covering the terms of the sus­ pension. If the prime contract does not already contain a termination
article substantially in the form currently approved, the agreement
should insert the appropriate approved article.
(3) Unless the prime contract or supplemental agreement provides
otherwise, the contractor may elect to treat any suspension, extending

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 155 )

HEADQUACTEES ARMY" SEBVICE FOBCES
Washington 25, D. C , 1 May 1945

Section
PACT ONE
REPORT—Field inspections DENTAL CORPS—Refresher professional training SERVICE SCHOOL—Sec. I, ASF Cir. 429, 1944, amended PACT TWO
TRAINING—Qualification under MTP 21-3 — STOCK CONTROL—Supervision at station level — AIR FREIGHT--Sec. V, ASF Cir, 266, 1944, rescinded FORMS—WD AGO Form 805-8, instructions amended PRISONER OF WAR—Public relations activities prior to
establishment of POW camp3 PRISONER OF WAR--Blood transfusions ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS--Except ion to sec. I, ASF Cir. 130,
1945..PACT THREE
REPORT- -Directives concerning Monthly Report of Production
Difficulties rescinded REPORT—MD enlisted men physically qualified for oversea
duty • FISCAL ACCOUNTING--Procedures contained in draft of TM 14­ 710 I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
x

XI
XII
xiii

PART

O N E

(General application --• complete distribution)
I—REPORT,—1. Action copies of reports pf field inspections made
within Army Service Forces (not Inspector General reports) in accordance
with section II, ASF Circular UTo. k'^9,194'i, a,i.amended by section I, ASF F
Circular No. 10, 1945, have in many instances taken an unreasonably long
time in reaching the headquarters which ordered the inspection, Because
of such long intervals,rauchof the data in the reports is out-of-date
and therefore of little practical value­ 2. Accordingly, all action copies of reports of field inspections,
as defined in paragraph 2, section II, ASF Circular No. 429, will be
forwarded as directed within 10 working days of their receipt in any ASF
headquarters, Any failure to forward the action copies within this time
limit must " b e explained in the forwarding indorsement. Carbon copies of
the inspection reports will he forwarded immediately " b y the inspecting
officer in accordance with paragraph 3b, section II, ASF Circular No. 429.
(SPX 333.1 (27 Apr 45)SPICY)
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 155)
(Sec. I - Part One)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 155)
(Sec. II, III - Part One --
Sec. IV - Part Two)

II--DEWTAL CORPS,--1. Refresher professional training is authorized
for officers of the Dental Corps who are to " b e assigned to professional
duty and who, "because of assignment to command, administrative, or lim­ ited professional assignments, have not "been engaged in the professional
aspects of general dental service during the past 12 months or more.
The training will " b e voluntary and priority for such training will " b e
given to those officers who have served overseas, although it will not
" b e limited necessarily to this group.
2. Befresher professional training will " b e given in-ASF -general hos­ pitals selected by The Surgeon General. Requests for this training will
be initiated " b y the individual officer concerned and will " b e submitted
through channels to The Surgeon General who will make assignments to
the hospitals. (This training is not an ASF school course and requests
for attendance will not " b e included in requests for ASF school quotas.)
3. Every Dental Corps officer of the Army Service Forces from oversea assignment will " b e apprised at reception stations opportunity to request assignment to this in-service refresher sional training, and will be required to state whether nor not to tarke the refresher training*
returning
of the
profes­ he wishes

h. Officers selected for this training will be ordered on temporary
duty for a period of not more than 122 weeks* Per diem is authorized in
accordance with the provisions of WD Circular Wo. 2*S}, 1 9 ^ , as amended
by section I, WD Circular Wo, k-33, kk
(SPX 353 (20 Apr lf5)SPTR0)
III--SERVICE SCHOOL .--Paragraph ha, section I, ASF Circular Wo.
as amended by section H , ASF Circular Wo. ^0; section I, ASF Cir­ cular Wo. 79; and section I, ASF Circular Wo. 121, 19^5, covering per
diem authorized student officers attending service schools on temporary
duty, is further amended by changing the location of The Adjutant
General's School from Fort Sam Houston, Texas, to Camp Lee, Virginia,
effective as of 25 April 19^5­ (SPX 2^5.8 (28 Apr *J-5)SPGAM)

PART

T W 0

(Limited application — special distribution)
IV--TRAIWIWG.--A11 enlisted personnel who arrive at Army Service
Forces personnel replacement depots or ports of embarkation for

movement overseas with an entry on SoLdierc Qualification Card (VD AGO
Form 20) indicating that basic military training was completed under
Mobilization Training Program 21-3 will not be required to complete
small "bore, antiaircraft firing in order to qualify under the provisions
of Mobilization.Training Program 21-3.
(SPX.3PO.8 (28 Apr 45)SPTRR)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations; ASF
personnel replacement depots; ports of embarkation)
V--STCCK CONTROL.--1. a. The commanding generals of service com­ mands and the Military District of Washington will act as agents of the
chiefs of technical services for the accomplishment of direct supervision
over the following stock control activities at class I and II
installations;
(1) Approval of station control levels.
(2) Determination that established levels are for the minimum
period and that the minimum order and shipping time is
used in computing the station control level.
(3) Review of items stocked at stations for the purpose of
eliminating those not required or those not authorized
for station stock.
b. This circular does not relieve chiefs of technical services of
responsibilities prescribed in TM 38-220, Stock Control Manual for Sta­ tions, May 19^5. They will exercise staff supervision through service
commands with respect to these matters.
2. a. With respect to the activities referred to in paragraph 1
above, station visits by service command personnel representing depots
will be made in the manner and frequency prescribed in TM 38-220.
Normally, required action will be accomplished in the course of these
station visits. However, when action is taken in one of the other ways
authorized in TM 38-220, the data required to be submitted to depots
will be furnished to service commands and necessary approval action
will be taken by service commands. Reports of service command represent­ atives will be routed as prescribed in TM 38-220.
b. If determination is made that a station control level ca^.be
materially reduced by the submission of regular replenishment requisi­ tions by a station more frequently than monthly, recommendations will
b.e made by service command representatives to the responsible depot
for authorization of a requisitioning cycle more frequent than monthly.
c. Service command representatives will review lists of "standby"
(utility) items approved by station commanders for the purpose of ,
determining that such items are actually required for the purpose of
safeguarding health, avoiding interruption of station facilities, or

- 3 -

(ASF Cir. 105)
(Sec-. IV, V.- Part Two)

- l j --

(ASF CIr. 155)
(Sec. V, VI, VII, VIII - Part Two)

preventing destrudtlfon of property, and tha.t.fthe quantity of "-standby"
b e required to.,
items established'is limited to the quantity which will " meet an immediate emergency. Items should not be established as "stand.­ by" (utility)" It-ems unless they clearly fall within that category.
3. This circular refers to the revised, edition of TM 38-220 which
•will be published shortly. It is, however, equally applicable to thev
current edition of TM 38-220, . .
(SPX 300.7 (28 Apr ^5)SPDDI)
(Minimum distribution:. Class I and II installations; all depots)
VI--AIR FKEEGBIV--Section V, ASF Circular No. 266, 19kh, concerning.,
routing to Alaskan,"Aleutian, and Canadian points, is rescinded. Cur­ rent instructions on this subject are contained, in Commercial Traffic
Bulletin No. 19,-11 April 19^5.
(SPX 581.2:(28 Apr ^5)SPM0T),
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
VII—FORMS.--Paragraph li(2), section III, 'Manual of Instructions
for Preparation of ASF Personnel Control Form (see ASF Cir. 260, 19hh),
as -amended by paragraph 3, ASF Circular No. 125, 19^5, is further amended
as follows:
1. Subparagraph (n), Line 5e, •Columns C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and J,
is changed to read:
Enter in each column the number of female Medical Corps, officerr
of the categories prescribed in (a) above.
2. Subparagraph .(p) is added as follows:
(p) Supplementary data.--Indicate on reverse sideftfj.formthe
total number of male officers and warrant officers (in­ cluded in column B, lines 3a and ha) in eaeh specifically
exempted group or activity authorized under provisions of
ASF Circular No. 151, 19^5, or subsequent revisions thereof,
(SPX 315 (27 Apr'U5)SPGAS)
(^^™^_^.i^^^y_0.^: Class I, II, and IV installations)

VIII--PRISONERS OF WAR--1. Whenever a new prisoner of war base or
branch camp is to be established, and as soon as the location for the
camp is selected and before the prisoners arrive, appropriate publicity
will be given the project in .the community where the new camp is to be
located. The Service command in the case of a new base camp or the base
camp commander in the case .of, a new branch camp will carefully select an

officer, "based upon his ability to meet and talk to the public, to act
as an "advance man" and send him into the community where the new camp
is to be established,, for the purpose of conferring with local newspaper
editors and Government officials including the mayor,, chief of police-^
and representatives pf the War Manpower Commission and War Food Adminr
istration relative to the prisoner of war program.
2. The advance officer will stress that, prisoners of war are
coming to this community at the request of local citizens, He will
take steps to acquaint the public with the status of the prisonera of'
war while they are in. the community, the manner in which they will be
housed., clothed, worked, and fed, and that the policy of the United'
States in the treatment of prisoners of war is to adhere to the terms
of:.the Geneva Convention, which has become a part of the supreme law
of the land by reason of our country's signature to the treaty, ratifi­ cation by the Senate, and proclamation by the President. With regard
to the employment .of prisoners of war .by private contractors, it will
be pointed out that before a private contractor ia permitted to employ
prisoners of war, the contractor must.obtain from the War Manpower
Commission a certificate that civilian labor is not available. The
community will be informed of the Government's policy of cooperating in
the national food conservation program by substituting on prisoner of
war menus foods which are. plentiful and have a low-rat ion -point value
£pr-food items which have a high-ration-point value and are in short
supply... .
(SEC 383.6.(23 Apr ^5)SPMGO)
(Minimum distribution: All prisoner of war camps)
IX--PRISONER" OF WAR.--1. At all prisoner of war camps where the
proper medical facilities,are available a list will be maintained,
according to blood type,,of the prisoners of war and protected person-''
nel assigned, to the installations who have volunteered to furnish blood
for tjie sole purpose of providing transfusions for the treatment of
prisoners of war and protected personnel.
2. When.bipod is required for. transfu.sipn of prisoner of war or
protected personnel pat lent 3, whole blood.,,.obtained from the donors
listed will be used wherever possible. The use of plasma for the treat­ ment of prisoner of war and protected personnel will be limited to those
cases where whole blood of the type required is not indicated.
3. The . reqeivd^shqspi£a?l& listed in .paragraph 12, chapter III,
TM-19-500, and. ::the;-general ^qapitals lif^i .in Prisoner, of War Circular
No. 11-, \9kk.}fr6 amended-, will-. ej&tabXi,^ Volunta"r^^<lo'nor lists from
prisoners of war and protected personnel' assigned to those hospitals
or from the nearest prisoner of war camp.

(ASF Cif. 155)
(Sec. IX, X - Part Two)

- 6-

(ASF Cir. 155)
(Sec. IX, X - Part Two --
Sec. XI, XII - Part Three)

4. Admission to the donor list will be in accordance with accepted
medical requirements for donors.and it will " b e emphasized that donations
o n a purely voluntary basis. Each donor will be required
of blood are - " to sign a statement to the effect that thenoontribution is voluntary.
5. Adequate hospital records will be kept of all withdrawals of
blood from donors, including the name and serial number of each donor,
the dates and amounts of previous withdrawals, the name and serial
number of each recipient, the amount'of each transfusion, the reason
therefor, and other pertinent facts.­ 6. A gratuity, not to exceed $3 for each transfusion, may be cred­ ited to the donor frcm the local prisoner of war fund.
(SPX 383.6 (25 Apr 45)3PMGO)
(Minimum distribntlon 1 Prisoner of war camps; general hospitals)
X—ITALIAN SERvICE UMTS.--The provisions of section I, ASF Cir­ cular Wo. 130y 19^5, requiring continuation of Report of Hospitalization,
Wi> AGO Form -19-46 (Old WD PMG Form 92), Control Approval Symbol MGA-36,
and Transfer Report, WD PMG Form 95,. Control Approval Symbol MGA-37,
do not apply to Italian service units.
(SPX 383.6 (Ik Apr 45)SPDCI)
(Miniirum distribution: Italian service units)

PART

Ti:E R E E

(Hq, ASF; technical services; hq, service ccmmands)
XI--REPORT.--The following ASF publications which have accomplished
their purpose are rescinded, effective immediately:
1. Section VII, ASF Circular No. 330, 1 9 ^ , subject, "Report ­ Instructions for Monthly Report of Production Difficulties, amended."
2. ASF letter (SPX 400.19 (21 Oct 43)0B-P-SPUPR-MB-A), 25 October
, subject, "Monthlyreport of production difficulties."
(SPX 400.10 (28 Apr 45)SPUPR)
XII--REPORT.--1. Reference is made to WD Memorandum No. 615-45,
16 April 19^5, subject, Shortage of Technically Trained Medical. Depart­ ment Enlisted Personnel.

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 182 )

HEADQUARTERS AIM" SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 23 May

Section
PART 0N3 (Not used)
PART TWO
ARIQT RETIRING BOARD--Forwarding of relief orders to The
Adjutant General PRISONER OF WAR—Showing of Army orientation films TRAINING--Report on units assigned for redeployment
training RECEPTION STATION--Sec. V, ASF Cir. 1*K), 19^5, rescindedPART THREE
COURSE--Quotas and dates for War Readjustment Course

I
II
III
IV
V

PART

T W O

ted application -- special distribution)
I--ARM* RETIRING BOARD.--In all cases in which, in accordance with
current directives, the Army Retiring Board action results in the of­ ficer's relief from active duty, two copies of the relief orders will
" b e forwarded with the Retiring Board record to The Adjutant General
through channels.
(SPX 210.85 (22 May 1+5)CP)
(Minimum distribution: Hospitals having Army Retiring Boards)
II--PRISONER OF WAR.--1. The "Why We Fight" series of the United
States Army orientation films, with the exception of the "Battle of
Russia," will be shown in proper sequence to all prisoners of war,
with the following provisions:
a. For maximum effect an immediate showing is recommended,
except at installations where in the judgment of the camp commander
premature action would prejudice security.
b. Attendance at the showing of these films will " b e voluntary
and free of charge. ' Screenings will be so arranged as not to inter­ fere with the regular shows of the new film circuit.
c. Prisoners will be told, prior to the screening of this series,
that the films were produced for the orientation of United States
military personnel.
2. Films of the "Why We Fight" series will be drawn from the
central film library of each service command. Available lomm prints
- 1 - (ASF Cir. l8£>)
(Seo.-I, II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 182)
(Sec. II, III - Part Two)

ma;- be screened on equipment used in the regular film circuit for
prisoners of war. Where l6mm prints are unobtainable, 35mm prints will
be shown if War Department theaters are available.
(SPX 383.6 (16 May 45)SPMGA)
(Minimum distribution; Prisoner of war camps)
III - -TRAINING. — 1 . A one-time report, in accordance with the
attached form, will be submitted on each ASF unit assigned "for rede­ ployment training," not more than 5 days after date of assembly indi­ cated in the War Department movement directive. The report will.be in
lieu of all unit training status reports required by ASF Manual M k,
except as noted in paragraph k below. The commanding officer of the
assembly station will forward the original copy of the report direct
to the Director of Military Training, ASF, by air mail where-practicable.
He will also forward two copies of the report to the agency having
training responsibility for the unit (service command, ASF staff division,
or chief of technical service). The agency having training responsibil­ ity for the unit will forward one copy of the report to the ASF staff
division or chief of technical service on their type unit, except that
where the unit is located at a class IV installatioa and the ASF staff
division or chief of technical service receives a copy of the report by
reason of having training responsibility, no additional copy is required.
2. The report should be based upon an examination of the theater
status report (see reference in par. 5£) and interview with unit of­ ficer (s). Any evaluation of training"~necessary will be limited in
scope to the deficiencies indicated in the theater status report.
3» Unless a specific training directive for a particular unit has
been published by this headquarters, the time immediately after assembly
date will be used to correct deficiencies indicated in the theater status
report. After the deficiencies indicated in the theater status report
have been corrected (or, if no deficiencies are indicated), the unit
will be evaluated and trained in accordance with general training
directives currently in effect.
h. If the War Department oversea movement directive for a unit,
on -which a report is required by paragraph 1, has not_ been received with­ in 1 month after assembly date, unit training status reports required
by paragraph 78, ASF Manual M 4, will be submitted beginning with the
first periodic due date 1 month after assembly date, unless a specific
training directive on a particular unit directs otherwise. Unit train­ ing status reports will be submitted on all other units in accordance
with ASF Manual M k.
5. a. subject, upon the Reference WD letter "Policies Cessation is made to the following:
(AG 320.2 (15 Feb i+5)0B-S-E-M), 2? February 19^5>
and Procedures Governing the Redeployment of the Army
of Hostilities in Europe."

HEADQUAE*£EES AEMY-'SERVICE FORCES
Washington.!'£5, D. 0.-/.24 May
Section
PAET ONE (Not used)
PAHT TWO
PEISONER OF WAR--Supplies for vegetable gardens--^ ,„-•-„,.-. AEMY GEOUND AND SEEVICE FOECES EEpJSTRIBUTION STATIONS~-Seq.
Ill, ASF/'Cir. 71, 19^5, rescindedi •.jyae-^Tr,—-,--,—.-_ PETROLEUM--Allowable losses in handling products-- —.PRISONEE OF WAR--Organization and functions, -qfrbase cramps—-PAET THREE '
PEOCUREMENT--Civilian type products.----,^ . -

I
n
Ill
IV
V

P A R T. T W 0
(Limited appli-cation — ap-eclal distribution)

I--PRISONEE OF WAE.-.-l. Paragraph 3, section II, ASF Circular
is rescinded and the following substituted therefor:
3. a_. Seeds, commerlcal fertilizers, and simple hand tools (hoee,
rakes, spades, picks, etc.) necessary for the planting, cultivation, and
harvesting of,these vegetable gardens are obtainable through quartermaster
supply channels. Quartermaster Bupply depots are authorized,to make funds
available to prisoner of war camp commanders to purchase such Items
locally in the eyent that requisitions cannot be filled from depot stocks.
b. Prisoner of war.camp commanders are authorized to purchase
seeds, fertilizer, and simple hand tools locally from the prisoner of war
fund, when in the judgment of the camp commantier such purchases, .are
desirable (for example, under conditions requiring immediate action).
c. In making local .purchases, care must be exercised.-not to deplete
the local markets (see sec. VII, WD Cir. 310, I9M+, and PW.Gir.^;12, 19^4).
(SPX 383,6 (21 May ^5)SPFBF)
(Minimum distribution: Prisoner of war camps)
I I — AEMJf GROUND AND SEEVICE FORCES REDISTRIBUTION STATIONS.^-1. Sec­ tion III, ASF Circular 71, 19^5, is rescinded effectiveyl J;une 19^5. WD
AGO Form E5025, Disciplinary and Separation Report-of: O v e r s e a Eeturnees,
(Control Approval Symbol GAS-93) will not be required following submission
of report for month ending 31 May 19^5.
(SPX 220.8 (22 May ^5)SBGAS)
(Minimum distribution: AG and SF redistribution stations)
- 1 (ASF Cir.
(Sec, I, II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir.
(Sec. Ill - Part Two)

III--PETROLEUM,--1. Definition of allowable losses.--Allowable
losses for the purpose of accountability may be defined as those
losses accruing in the storage and shipment of petroleum products as
a.result of evaportation and handling. Evaporation in its .broadest
sense may be defined as the change by which any substance is converted
from a liquid to a vapor and carried off into the atmosphere.. The
major portion of evaporation losses sustained occurs while any vessel
is being filled or emptied. Allowable losses can be broken down into
two types as follows:
a. Throughput loss, which is applicable to all bulk petroleum
products, can be defined as the loss sustained on the volume pumped
into storage and withdrawn.
]£• Marine loss. which is applicable to all bulk petroleum
products/ covers losses sustained while loading into barges or ships
for transportation and receipt into shore tanks at terminals or fill
line operations.
2* Losses not allowed.--Losses resulting from leaking tanks,
valves, or lines are controllable and are not admissible as allowable.
No allowable losses will be applicable to any petroleum products
received and issued in drums and other containers.
3. Throughput loss.—a. Allowance.--An allowance up to one-half
of one percent of the volume throughput or actuel loss, whichever is
smaller, will be made in determining allowable losses on gasoline.
In no case will one-half of one percent be allowed on gasoline if the
actual loss is less than one-half of one percent. An allowance up
to one-fourth of one percent or actual loss, whichever is smaller,
will be made on all petroleum products except gasoline. All volume
will be corrected to 60° F., in accordance with U.S. Department of
Commerce, National Bureau of Standards Circular C-410, with supplements,
adopted in 193&*
b. Example.—The example of throughput loss given below is
applicable to gasoline. Such losses, however, can be applied to other
petroleum products in the same manner except that throughput loss on
other petroleum products would be up to one-fourth of one percent,- pr­ actual loss, whichever is smaller. Computation of throughput allowance
will be based on volume withdrawn from storage.
Received into storage * k,200,000.gal. @ 60 ° F.
Withdrawn from storage 2,520,000 gal. @.60° F.
1,680,000 gal. @ 60 ° F.
Book balance 1,666,35° gal. @ 60 ° F ,
Actual tank gages Allowable loss J of Vf> (2,520,000) 12,600 gal. © 60 o p.
Excessive loss 1,050 gal. @ 60 o F.
* By tank barge or ship, tank car, truck, or pipe line.
Throughput allowables on tank withdrawals are to be computed for the
reporting period covered.

k. Marine loss.--a. Allowance.--An allowance up to one-half of
one percent of the volume of gasoline or actual loss, whichever is
smaller, will apply on volume loaded into barges or ships for transpor­ tation and receipt into shore tanks at terminal or fill line- operations.
In no case will one-half of one percent " b e allowed on gasoline if the actu­ al loss is less than one-half of one percent. An allowance up to one-
fourth of one percent, or actual loss, whichever is smaller, will he
made on all petroleum products except gasoline. All volume will " b e
corrected to 60° F., in accordance with U. S. Department • of Commerce,
National Bureau of Standards Circular C-410, with supplements, adopted
in 1936.
b. Example.-^-The example of marine loss given "below is-applicable
to gasoline. Such losses, however, can be applied to other petroleum
products in the same manner except that marine loss on other petroleum
products would be up to one-fourth of one percent, or actual loss,
whichever Is smaller.
Received in barge/ship at refinery/terminal on basis of shore tank gages
Storage tank receipt after pumping ashore at destination
Actual loss ^20,000. gal., @ 60° F.

.^18,320 .gal. @ 60° F.
1,680 gal. @ 600 F.

(Allowable lose in this case will be the actual loss of .1*680
• of Vf> of ^20,000 gallons.)
gallons since it is smaller than § Marine losses should be computed 3 hours after receipt, where practica­ ble, and immediate adjustment made. Attention is directed to the fact
that marine losses are not applicable to receipts into stbrage;by tank
car, pipe line, or truck, but are applicable to bulk marine movements.
It is considered that throughput losses herein authorized" are adequate
to cover losses sustained as a result of pumping into storage from tank
car, pipe line, or. truck. Specifically, marine loss up to 2 o f ^1°
o n
gasoline and up to i of Yfo of volume transfers on all other bulk. petroT
leum. products by marine equipment will apply to the actual volume so
transported. The throughput loss will further apply to that volume
withdrawn from storage.
5. Example of combination of throughput loss and marine loss.
^20,000 gal. @ 60° F.

Received in barge/ship at refinery/ terminal
Storage tank receipt after pumping ashore at destination

4l8,110 gal. @ 60° F.

- 3 -

(ASF Cir. 1 8 1 ] . )
(Sec. Ill - Part Two)

- 4 -

(ASF Cir. 184)
(Sec. Ill, IV - Part Two)

Actual loss (less than \ of 1% of 420,000 gallons)
Receiving terminal gages before pumping "barge or ship
Book "balance Receiving terminal actual gages after pumping and adjustment
Withdrawn from storage (receiving terminal)
Book "balance Actual tank gages Actual loss Allowable loss f of 1$ (315,000) Excessive loss to be adjusted by report of survey

1,890 gal. @ 60° F.

336,000 gal. @ 60° F.

756,000 gal. @ 60° F.
754,110 gal. @ 60° F.

315,000 gal. @ 60° F.

439,110 gal. @ 60° F.
437,514 gal. @ 60° F.
1,596 gal. " ' @ 60° F.
1,575 gal. @ 60° F.
21 gal. @ 60° -F.

Si- Methods of handling.--Handling of gasoline will be-in con­ formity wi th~ section"" 1X7" W T O - 250, 1 October 1940.

2 l°BSee will be-dropped
from accountability tj ^e . T Inventoryfi.djusirssntReport, WD AGO Form
444. ComputatiiuiS of c ? . ! . J . o v . ^ oi . e lessen viil be shown in detail on the
adjustment voucher pi/-Av?'wilder indicated in'paragraph 5» ; Losses in
excess of the .prescribed allowable loss and'losses resulting from leak­ ing tanks, valves, lines, etc., which are not'admissible as allowable
losses, will be adjusted by use of Report of 'Survey, WD AGO Forms 15 and
15-1, in accordance with existing regulations.
(SPX 463.7 (19 May 45)S?QKC)
(Minimum distribution: Class IV installations)

IV--PRISONER OF WAR.--Since uniformity of organization is" desira­ ble, the service commands were requested to make' suggestions concern­ ing a model organization for prisoner of war base camps. The inclosed
organization chart with statement of functions,'reflecting the/service
commands' suggestions, is established as a standard for an off-post '
prisoner of war base camp, except where local conditions-require a
different organization. The organization for" an on-post camp will be

more simple since the post headquarters will perform many functions
conmon to "both the post and the prisoner of war camp and, accordingly,
only the appropriate parts of the attached organization chart and state­ ment of functions will apply.

(SPX 38.3.T. (18: May 45)SPMG0) (Minimum* d i s t r i b u t i o n : Class I , I I , and IV i n s t a l l a t i o n s ; PCW camps)

PART

T H R E E

^q,j5jy_j^j^

(Hq, ASF: technical serviceB^;

V--PROCUREMENT--!. All procurement of civilian type products must
" b e limited to minimum essential needs. Civilian type products are those
which are normally manufactured for civilian use - products used " b y the
Army and the civilian economy alike. Close and continuous care must " b e
exercised " b y the 'Army Service Forces agencies concerned to assure that
no unnecessary procurement or purchasing of such"products is authorized.
In this connection, local purchase of civilian type products which have
"been included in the Supply Control System must t i e held to a minimum.
This type of' Army purchasing has not teen considered in determining the
quantities available for civilian consumption and hence impinges direct­ ly on planned civilian economy. It also draws labor and facilities
from other1 Army production,
2. The Director of Materiel is charged vith the responsibility
for controlling Army procurement, including local purchases, of civilian
type products to the fullest possible extent consistent with meeting the
real needs of the Army. In exercising this responsibility he will-­ £. Establish policies for the control of local purchase of items
in short supply and all other items purchased locally in order to assure
that such purchases are minimized and that normal supply channels are
utilized fully.
b. Obtain continuous information from the appropriate divisions of
the War Production Board with respect to those products requiring control.
£. Advise the Director of Plans and Operations of those products
requiring control.
d. Make such assignments of procurement responsibility as appear
desirable to obtain a more centralized and direct control of all civilian
type products.
3. The Director of Plans and Operations will-­ a. Receive through the Director of Materiel, continuous information
with respect to, civilian type products requiring control..
b. Review through established supply control procedures the demands
for civilian type items in critical supply.
- 5 ­ (ASF Cir. Ibk)
(Sec, IV, V - Part Two)

- 6 -

(ASF Cir.
(Sec. V - Part Two)

" c » Review tables :of allowances and tables of equipment for the
purpose of reducing the requirements of such items where the total de­ mand exceeds the available supply.
d. Reduce stock levels to a minimum.
e. Authorize any exceptions considered necessary to reduce estab­ lished disposal levels.
f. Determine and advise the Director of Supply of those items of
civilian type which are in critical supply in order that maintenance
and repair, of such items can be. accomplished expeditiously for the pur^
pose of decreasing the demand for replacement items.
g. Coordinate action with other War Department agencies, including
the Army Air Forces end Army Ground Forces, to accomplish reduction of
demands.
4, The Director of Supply, when notified by the Director of Plans
and Operations, will expedite the maintenance and repair of civilian
type items in critical supply.
5. The Fiscal Director, Army Service Forces, will develop and
prescribe funding, accounting, and/or reporting procedures to im­ plement these instructions and to indicate the extent to which Wai?-De­ partment funds are being utilized for procurement of restricted'civil­ ian type ©nd products other than those included in the Army1supply1
program.
6. Section.VI, ASF Circular 127, 19kk, pertaining to the fore­ going subject, is rescinded.
(SPX U00 (22 May U5)SPPDA)
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL:

OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO Major General The Adjutant General
2 Incls
1. Organization chart
2. Statement of functions

LeR. LUTES
Major General, GSC
Chief of Staff

PRISONER OF WAR BASE CAMP ORGANIZATION
COMMANDING OFFICER

CHART

EXECUTIVE

OFFICER ASSISTANT EXECUTIVE OFFICER

ADJUTANT

PERSONNEL

BRANCH

SERVICES a SUPPLY BRANCH

MEDICAL

BRANCH

POSTAL SECTION

RECORDS SECTION

MILITARY PERSONNEL BRANCH

CIVILIAN PERSONNEL BRANCH

TRANSPORT SECTION

UTILITIES SECTION

MEDICAL SECTION

DENTAL

SECTION

CUSTODIAL SECTION

CHAPLAM SECTION

SPECIAL SERVICES SECTION

MESS ft SUPPLY SECTION

MESS & SUPPLY SECTION

SECURITY

a INTELLIGENCE

BRANCH

BRANCH

CAMPS

LABOR

BRANCH

CANTEEN

BRANCH

CONTRACT SECTION MAY BE COMBINED

WORK PROJECT SECTION

.1

Inclosure 1 to ASF Circular 184, 1945

STATEMENT OF FUNCTIONS
FOR ORGANIZATIONAL UNITS OF PRISONER OF WAR BASE CAMP
COMMANDING OFFICER.
a. Commands United States and prisoner of war personnel assigned to
the prisoner of war camp and is responsible for £h6ir administration and
control.
b. Interprets policies established by higher authority.
c. Insures compliance with the Geneva Convention and other con­ trolling regulations.
d. Is responsible for the establishment and administration of
prisoner of war branch camps.
2. EXECUTIVE OFFICER.
a* Assists the camp commander in the performance of his duties,
b. Acts as public relations and control officer.
1.

ASSISTANT EXECUTIVE OFFICER
Assists the camp commander in planning, coordinating, reviewing, and
distributing reading matter, motion pictures, and* other materials connected
with the intellectual diversion of prisoners of war.
k. ADJUTANT,
a. Supervises and coordinates all administrative, fiscal, and legal
^natters and policies, other than those legal matters assigned to the Labor
Branch.
b. Is custodian of camp prisoner of war fund, negotiates and supervises
contracts pertaining to the fund.
c. Assigns space and billeting to the activities and units within
the camp.
d. Maintains pay and allo.vc:nce records and withdrawal vouchers for
prisoners of war.
e. Supervises preparation of directives and memoranda issued by the
camp commander.
f. Handles routine correspondence and other correspondence not as­ signed to the other branch chiefs.
g. Performs such other administrative duties as the commanding;of­ ficer may prescribe.
? § _ Section.
Maintains 201 "files, rosters, and locator files for prisoner of war
and American personnel assigned to the camp.
\B. Postal Section.
~al OperateiTlhe prisoner of war postal service and all records of
prisoner of war mail.
Inclosure 2 to ASF Circular 184,

3.

b. Maintains liaison with, the district postal censor and is
responsible to the camp commander for compliance with rules and regu­ lations concerning prisoner of war mail.
C, Custodial Section.
Ie responslbls~for the custody and safeguarding of money, valuables,
and personal'effects -which, prisoners of war are not permitted to retain
in their possession.
PERSONNEL BRANCH.
a, Handles military and civilian personnel matters and performs
personnel servioes for US troops in the camps.
b. Studies and recommends personnel authorization of military and
civilian personnel.
A. Special Services Section.
. * i e r recreational activities for United
a. Organizes sports and o . States personnel.
b. Assists the United States personnel in obtaining necessary;
athletic and-recreational equipment.
B. Military Personnel Section,
.Maintains headquarters duty rosters and..morning reports of prisoners
of war.and American personnel.
C. 5.

Civilian Personnel Section.
Maintains duty rosters and morning reports and supervises civilian
personnel working in the camp.
D. Chaplain.
a.~ Administers the spiritual needs of United States and prisoner
of war camp personnel.
b. Is responsible for the proper use-of protected personnel (clergy).
c. Conducts church services, maintains chapels, and supervises
administration of assigned chaplains.
6.

LABOB BRANCH.
a. Maintains liaison with the local representatives of the War
Manpower Commission and the War Food Administration.
b. Acts as labor coordinator between prisoner of war camps and
using agencies and recommends projects where prisoners of war may be
used•to advantage.
c. Supervises working conditions and methods of employment of
prisoners of war.
a. Supervises prisoner of war labor projects and prepares prisoner
of war labor reports.
b. Assigns prisoner of war labor details to work projects.
c. Checks all work details thoroughly to insure that the United
States and the user are receiving a full day's work from each prisoner
of war.
B. Contract Section.
a. Is responsible for the negotiation, preparation, and distribution
of prisoner of war labor contracts.
- 2 ­

b. Maintains records of prisoner of war contracts and requests for
prisoner of war labor.
c. Is responsible for prompt collection of amounts due for prisoner
of war labor.
SECURITY AM)
a. Is responsible to the camp commander for the security, disci­ pline, control, and activities of prisoners of war and American personnel
within the stockade.
b. Is responsible for the training of military personnel assigned
to the camp.
c. Maintains liaison concerning prisoners of war with the Depart­ ment of Justice and other Federal, State, and municipal law enforcement
agencies.
d. Is responsible to the camp commander for the discipline of and
the confinement of prisoners of war and American personnel.
e. Supervises company administration, including preparation of the
morning reports, duty rosters, and other unit records for prisoners of
war assigned to the compound.
f. Is responsible for the protection of prisoners of war against
the violence of other prisoners of war.
g. Is responsible for the preparation of the security measures in
the prisoner of war camps.
h'. Is responsible for security and intelligence work within the
jurisdiction of the camp commander and for the supervision of the United
States interpreters.
i. Censors outgoing prisoner of war mail.
SERVICES AW SUPPLY BRAITCE.
a. Maintains the supply level of the camp and insures that all
American personnel and prisoners of war are fully equipped.
b. Is responsible for supply and maintenance of tools and equipment.
c. Supervises all salvage, laundry, and reclamation activities.
Mess and Supply Section.
a. Supervises all"messes to insure proper 3upply, handling, and
preparation of food and cleanliness of installations and personnel and
prevents food wastage.
b. Is responsible for proper classification and disposition of
kitchen wastes.
c. Is responsible for preparation of meals for prisoners of war in
accordance with existing regulations.
d. Draws rations and distributes them to United States personnel
and prisoner of war companies at base and branch prisoner of war camps.
e. Is responsible for the distribution and maintenance of all other
supplies used in the operation of prisoner of war camps.
B. Utilities Section.
a. Is responsible to the camp commander for maintenance, repairs,
and utilities of the camp.
b. Acts as camp fire marshal and has supervision over and maintains
repairs and operations of fire protection equipment.
c. Is responsible for insect, rodent, and vermin control at base
and' branch prisoner of war camps in coordination with the surgeon.
A.
8

7.

«

-3 ­

C.

Transportation Section.
Is responsible for the operation of prisoner of war camp motor
vehicles and first and second echelon maintenance,

9. MEDICAL BRANCH.

a. Commands the camp hospital and medical detachment, includ­ ing protected personnel, and is responsible to the camp commander for
the health and medical treatment of the personnel within his comand..
b. Maintains adequate medical records for prisoners of war and
American personnel.
A. Dental Section.
Under the direction of the chief medical officer, supervises and
provides adequate dental treatment at base and branch prisoner of war
camps .
B. Mess and Supply Section.
a. Is responsible for the supply of the prisoner of war hospital
and infirmaries.
b. Supervises the hospital mess.
Medical Section.
Under the direction of the chief medical officer, supervises and
provides adequate medical and surgical treatment at base and branch
prisoner of war camps.

10. CANTEEN BRANCH.

a. Is responsible for the establishment and operation of canteens
at prisoner of war base and branch camps and for the maintenance of
books and records.
b. Supervises prisoner of war personnel used in operating the
canteen.
c. Is responsible for maintenance of stock and purchase thereof
through the nearest Army Exchange.

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 191 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMT SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 29 May
Section

PART OMB
FISH--HandlingI
PART TWO
INSTALLATION--Camp Clatsop, Oreg., placed in inactive status II
PRISONER OF WAR—Change in protecting power for German
prisoner +_*. HI
PRISONER OF WAR—Feeding . IV
FORMS—Instructions for Table 8A, WD AGO Form 805-7 V
MEDICAL SUPPLIES--Issuance under lend-lease to troop-
carrying vessels yi
PART THREE
CONTRIBUTION--For defraying of Memorial Day expenses VII
SAFETY PROGRAM--Summary accident reports—VTII
PRISONER OF WAR--Allocation * , EC
PART O N E

(General application -- complete distribution)
• I—FISH.—1. Recent eurveys indicate tjiat pickled, loose frozen,
and fresh fish are being handled on cold storage premises at camps,
posts, and stations in such a manner as to contaminate not only other
perishable subsistence but also floors, platforms, and drains of
buildings.
2. Only fish and other water &6od products which are received fro­ zen and packaged in clean, odorless/containers will be handled at the cold
storage plants. When these products are to be stored they will be placed
in the 10° F. freezer storage room. All other fish and water food products
when received will be handled elsewhere and distributed promptly to
organizations.
(SPX 431 (21 May ^5)SPQSS)
PART T W O

(Limited application — special distribution)
II--INSTALLATION. Effective as of 15 May 19^5, Camp Clatsop, Oregon,
is placed in an inactive status.
(SPX 602 (19 Apr 45)SP$0C)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, and IV installations)
- 1 (ASF Cir. 191)
(Sec. I - Part One --
Sec. II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 191)
(Sec. Ill,, IV - Part Two)

III--PRISONER OF WAR.--1. Since V-E Day, Switzerland has ceased to
act as protecting power in the interest of German prisoners of war held
by the United States, Henceforth, the International Committee of the Red
Cross will take over the functions of the protecting power to a large
degree.
2 # Hereafter, complaints and requests by German prisoners of war
regarding their treatment and conditions in camp will be addressed to
the International Committee of the Red Cross, I6U5 Connecticut Avenue,
X ' J W , Washington, D, C , and forwarded direct to the Provost Marshal General
by camp commanders in the same manner as complaints and requests hereto­ fore addressed-to.the Legation of Switzerland haver "been forwarded.
3» Powers of attorney and other legal documents of German prisoners
of war will continue to be forwarded to the Provost Marshal General for
transmittal. overseas through appropriate channels.
(SPX 383.6 (25 May 1<.5)SPM3O)
(Minimum distribution.: POW camps)
IV--PRISONER OF WAR.--1. C -nerrl provisions. The instructions
contained herein will govern the providing of subsistence for prisoners
of war at all War Department installations in accordance with the provi­ sions of paragraph 2l+a, chapter 2, TM 19-500, Enemy Prisoners of War.
Instructions contained herein are not applicable to Italian service units.
Nothing contained in this circular will be construed to imply that any
portion of WD Circular 171, 1 9 ^ , or WD Circular 158, 19W- (except par.
IT, Percentage deductions) is not applicable to prisoner of war feeding.
2» Responsibilities. a. The Provost Marshal General will furnish
The Quartermaster General and The Surgeon General with interpretations of
the Geneva Convention as it applies to the feeding of prisoners of War.
Within these limitations The Quartermaster General will establish policies,
methods, and standards (other than nutritional standards and matters per­ taining to health, hygiene, and sanitation which are the responsibility
of The Surgeon General) for the feeding of prisoners of war, and will
obtain recommendations from the Provost Marshal General in connection
therewith. All instructions prepared by The Quartermaster General with
regard to the feeding of prisoners of war will be coordinated with the
Provost Marshal General and The Surgeon General prior to publication.
b* Commanding generals of service commands will supervise the con­ duct and operation of prisoner of war feeding at all Army installations
within the geographical area of their respective service commands'in
accordance with the policies, standards, and methods established by The
Quartermaster General.
o. The service command director of food service will, in addition to
his 6ther duties, conduct frequent inspections of food service activities"

at all prisoner of war "base and "branch camps within the service com­ mand, and will " b e responsible for the dissemination of all pertinent
information concerning prisoner of war feeding to all sales officers,
post food supervisors, prisoner of war mess officers, and other person­ nel concerned with the issue of food to and the operation of prisoner
of war messes.
d. The efficient operation of prisoner of war messes is the im­ mediate responsibility of the prisoner of war camp commander* Such com­ manders will avail themselves of the services of post food service su­ pervisors and nutrition officers, if available, to advise and assist in
all prisoner of war messing problems.
3. Policies regarding feedings of prisoners of war« a. The pro­ visions of the Geneva Convention governing the issue of subsistence to
prisoners of war are satisfied when the rations furnished prisoners are
nutritionally equal to rations provided for our own troops in basjB
camps. If the quantities of food in the ration meet the minimum stand­ ards of nutrition as set by The Surgeon General (used by The Quarter­ master General as a guide in preparing menus for our own troops) for
the type of work engaged in by the prisoners, the obligations under the
Convention will be satisfied.
b. The diet of •prisoners of war will consist of wholesome foods
prepared in accordance with their national cooking practices. The use
of icings, gam^shings, elaborately jareparod pastries and sauces, etc.,
in the preparation of meals for prisoners of war is prohibited.
£• Use of critical foods. The use of critical and high ration
value foods will be kept at a minimum. "Nbnrationed fresh foods will be
used as extensively as possible in feeding prisoners. Both the menu
guide prepared by The Quartermaster General and the service command
monthly menu will conform to this policy. Local substitutions and
changes in the menu will not add any- critical or high ration value food
items and will consist of those items most abundantly in supply locally
and/or nationally and readily available through normal supply channels
and appearing in approved lists,of substitutions.
d. Feeding prisoners of war outside the compound mess. With the
exception of prisoners working in hospital messes, officers"1 messes,
clubs, and troop messes, prisoners of war will be subsisted on food
prepared and provided by their own mess. Whenever possible, hot food
will be prepared and sent to the location where the prisoners are work­ ing. When this is not feasible, box lunches will be provided t j y their
own mess. Prisoners working in hospital messes, officers' messes,
clubs, and troop messes will be fed box lunches provided by their own
mess or a menu that conforms to that served in their own mess and will
be required to eat "late chow* after all regular meals in the mess have
been served.
e. Prisoners of war will not be subsisted on Regular Army rations
except under the most extenuating circumstances and only after having
received the prior written approval of the commander of the post from
- 3 - (ASF Clr. 191)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

- h -

(ASF Cir. 191)
(Sec. IV. - Part Two)

which the rations are to be drawn. If garrison rations are authorized
for a prisoner of war camp or branch camp the daily menu must conform to
the service command monthly prisoner of war menu and substitutions will
be made only as provided in paragraph 6d.
f. Prisoners of- war located by.branch camps will be issued a ra­ tion based on the service command monthly menu. In the event that ra­ tions are supplied by other than the base camp, It will be the respon­ sibility of the commanding officer of the base camp to provide the is­ suing officer with copies of the service command monthly menu and all
other pertinent Information concerning issues of food to prisoners of
war* It will be the responsibility of the issuing officer to assure
that the issues conform to the menu as written, except for necessary sub­ stitutions as provided for in paragraph 6d.
£. Prisoners of war In transit will be subsisted in accordance with
paragraph 21, chapter 3, TM 19-500.
h>. Feeding prisoners of war will be accomplished without waste.
Evidence of edible waste in the mess will result in an immediate reduc­ tion in future issues of the item or items so wasted, " However, issues so
reduced will be made available to prisoners of war to the extent neces­ sary to meet authorized nutritional standards upon subsequent request of
the prisoners and provided said waste Is not continued,
.1, Camp prisoner of war funds will not be used to purchase food for
prisoners.
J . . . Ration records will be maintained as provided in WD Circular 171,
k. Contractual arrangements for prisoner of war feeding, a. When
prisoners are employed in detached units and, in the opinion of the com­ manding officer of the base camp, it is Impossible or impractical for the
said group to provide their own subsistence in a regularly operated mess,
it will be the responsibility of the said commanding officer to make
proper arrangements for their subsistence. These arrangements, will be
covered by a written contract with a civilian contractor who will actu­ ally feed the prisoners and military personnel connected therewith.
b. Quantities and kinds of foods served prisoners being subsisted
at contract messes will conform to the service command monthly menu
furnished such contractor by the commanding officer of the base-camp.
Substitutions and changes in the menu must have -the prior written approv­ al of the commanding officer of the base camp before the date of service,
and must comply with the provisions of paragraph 6d. Military personnel
fed by the contractor will be subsisted on the basis of the field ration
menu used to feel military personnel at the base camp. Prisoner messes
and messes for military personnel operated by the contractor will,.be
segregated or operated at different hours.

£. Wherever possible, the civilian contractor will secure sup­ plies for the siibsistence of prisoners of war and military personnel
from Army commissaries. The officer in charge of the detached unit
will certify to the number of prisoners and military personnel to be
subsisted during the period covered by the requisition submitted to
the sales commissary and assume responsibility for supDlies so ob­ tained, insuring that such supplies procured from the commissary do
not exceed the authorized quantities provided for in the menus re­ ferred to in b above. Subsistence supplies so secured from sales
commissaries will be f.o.b. at the commissary. Transportation and
delivery charges are to be paid for by the contractor. The. sales
officer, if he. desires,roaysell the supplies- to the contractor on a
charge sales basis provided the bill is paid on or before the 10th
day of the next succeeding month. Otherwise, payment must be made in
cash at the time of delivery. Sales will be made at the current
prices in effect at the sales commissary. When rationed foods are
purchased from a sales commissary, requisite ^covering ration currency
will be collected pursuant to War Department Supply Bulletin SB 10-140.
However., where it is not practicable to obtain supplies from Army com­ missaries, civilian contractors will secure necessary subsistence sup­ plies from commercial sources, ba^ed on quantities listed in the
approved menus provided Ijy the commanding officer of the base camp.
d. The contractor will obtain from the commanding officer of the
base c"amp ration checks to cover authorized ration currency requirements
involved in the performance of. his. contract. These ration checks will
be drawn and issued in-accordance with provisions of applicable Office
of Price Administration regulations and War Department Supply Bulletin
SB 10-llf-O, l$kk. Those checks may be drawn to the order of either the
contractor or direct to his supplier. When .checks are drawn to the
supplier, certificates first will be secured from the commanding of­ ficer in charge of a detached unit, certifying that/ the food listed on
the ration invoices or replacement applications was actually furnished
and used by these contract mess&3.
e, .Each'contract will contain a renegotiation clause providing
that The parties will renegotiate the contract either upon it3 termina­ tion or from time to time at an earlier date or dates and make any ad­ justments required to compensate for the difference .in cost in feeding
authorized personnel arising in all cases where subsistence is purchased
from sales commissaries instead of from commercial sources. Renegotia­ tion will be accomplished by breaking down the cost of raw food per man
per day furnished from military sources. This figure is available on
a monthly basis at each post, camp, or station. The contractor wl,ll be
required to furnis'h the eetimate (on which he based his contract) of the
cost of raw' food per man per day and by use of the proper equation, a
saving to the contractor .can be accurately figured. Example of adjust­ ment--assume that the contractor based his contract on an estimated
raw food, cost of 80 cents per nan per day; assume that the ration at the
commissary from which he purchased is 60 cents; assume his bill from
- 5 - (ASF Cir. .19.1)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

- 6 -

(ASF Cijr. 191)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

the commissary for any given period of time is $1,000; then the formula
is $1^000 x »80z$1.333.35. Thus $333.33 is the profit.he would have
made on his commissary purchases in that period. He is not entitled to
this extra profit and, therefore, should adjust his contract accordingly-
This .adjustment formula might not be fair when applied to a few items or
to a.-single item. In that event, fair consideration should be given to
the particular transactions and an equitable settlement arrived at
through mutual agreement.
5. Minimum food requirements for prisoners of war, a. In order
to feed prisoners with a minimum of waste and to conform with the pro­ visions of the Geneva Convention, Article II, the quantities of food
issued will conform as closely as possible to the minimum requirements
for men engaged in the various levels of activity as set by The Surgeon-
General. These levels are as follows:
(1) Sedentary activity 25OO calories
(2) Moderate activity 3000 calories
The Surgeon General will prepare instructional material to assist prisoner
of war camp commanders in determining the various levels of activity.
b_. The post nutrition officer will assist the commanding officer
of the prisoner of war camp in determining the activity levels of the
prisoners under his jurisdiction in addition to his responsibilities as
outlined in AR 40-250. Where no post nutrition officer is available the
services of the service command nutrition officer, sometimes designated,
nutrition consultant, will be used. These officers will make frequent
review of the activities of the prisoners and adjust the caloric require­ ment as necessary to meet any and all changes in the level of activity.
This information will be furnished to the sales officer by the prisoner of
war camp commander and he will adjust issues accordingly.
£. The periodic menu guide and the service command monthly
prisoner of war menu will be based on issue quantities sufficient to
furnish a diet of 25OO calories per man per day. It will be the respon­ sibility of the sales officer of the post, camp, or station effecting
supply to the prisoner of war camp to adjust these issue quantities in
consideration of the average activity level of the prisoners when preparin
the issues, using data supplied by the nutritional officer or post Medical
Department authority as specified in b above. When the average caloric
requirement has been determined, the sales officer will adjust the issue
quantities of each component of the menu according to the following table :
Caloric requirement 2500 2b00 2700 2800 2900 3000 Issue quantity
As listed on SvC menu
Multiply SvC menu issue by 1.04
" " " " « l t o8 " " " " " 1#12 " " " " » 1*16 " " " " • ' i^o

When the nutrition officer or proper medical authority finds that the
activity of the prisoners exceedB a 3000 caloric requirement, he will
authorize a corresponding increase in issue. However, the approval of
the commanding general of the service command on advice of his surgeon
will " b e obtained by the sales officer prior to the issue of any ration
exceeding 3700 calories to prisoners of war. These adjusted rations will
be issued on the basis of the number of rations authorized each messhall
as determined by a head count in accordance with the provisions of WI>
Circular 171, 19kk. However, no percentage deductions in the number of
rations authorized will be made in prisoner of war messhalls.
d. The nutritional standards of diet for hospitalized prisoners of
war will be prescribed by the hospital commander on recommendations sup­ plied to him by the medical officers in charge of the patients but, so
far as possible, will adhere to the general policies outlined herein and
will avoid the use of rationed and critical foods to supply essential
nutrients.
^•' Menus. a. The menu served at prisoner of war camps will be
based on a menu guide to be prepared periodically by The Quartermaster
General in accordance with nutritional standards established by The Sur­ geon General. The guide will contain, in addition to the menu, tables
showing the minimum caloric requirements for the various activity levels
as approved by The Surgeon General; lists of substitutions for menu
items that are not available; hints and suggestions for improving mess
operations and for the elimination of waste; suggested recipes and spe­ cific Instructions regarding the conservation of critical and rationed
foods, as well as several box lunch menu guides listing quantities nec­ essary to. provide box lunches for 100 men, all of which will be Included
in the service command monthly menu.
]?. Menus will not include critical or rationed food items and/or
those..which are in short supply for our own troops or the public locally
or nationally. Nonrationed and low ration value foods will be used.
Simple phraseology will be used to describe simple fare in prisoner of
war menus. The use of unnecessary language to make menus for prisoners
of war appear more appetizing is prohibited.
c. The ..periodic prisoner of war menu guide prepared by The Quarter­ master General will be used by service commands as a guide in preparing
a monthly prisoner of war.menu which will be used for Issuing rations to
prisoners In all prisoner of'war camps within the service command. The
service command monthly prisoner of war menu will be prepared in service
command headquarters 'by the office' of the director of food service i r i
coordination with the service command nutrition officer or other proper
Medical Department authority;. The service command monthly prisoner of
war'me^nu will also' Contain..c'uirent lists of available substitutions, In­ cluding me.dj'ra.lter.natds.;^compiledyfrom;data furnished, by ,the periodic
menu guide^an&'by the "Ideal''marfet centers and depots,.as well as the
material specified in a above.

. 7*-

(ASF Gir. 191)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

- 8 -

(ASF Cir, 191)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

c L . . $he service command monthly prisoner of war menu will " b e for­ warded to the sales officer of the poet, camp, or station that will ef­ fect supply to arrive, not later than 60 days prior to iihe effective date
of the menu. Problems in the availability of supply should be the only
cause for substitutions in. the menu, and every precaution will be taken
to keep these at a minimum. The sales officer will mark all requisi­ tions to market centers and depots for subsistence for prisoners of'war
with the notation "For Prisoners of War." If substitution's from the'
approved list of meat items for prisoners of war,are not available, the
market center will cancel the requisition and notify the sales officer
of this action immediately. Upon euch notification, the sales officer
will requisition'suitable substitutes only from the approved list of
meat alternates to be found in the service command monthly prisoner of
war menu.
e _ f At the end of each month the menu "as issued," and listing, all
substitutions made, will be forwarded by the sales officer on WD AGO
Form Rr-5055, as. shown (incloeure), to service command headquarters for
analysis and comment. WD AGO Form E-5055 may be reproduced by type­ writer, hectograph, or mimeograph, subject to the provisions of para­ graph 2, section V, ASF Circular 180, 19V?.
f. The approved menu will be followed in the preparation of all
rneala. Food items will not be hoarded from day to day to provide' addi­ tional menu items on other days. Food issued will be used on the days
for which it was issued.
g. The service command director of food service will determine by
frequent inspections whether excessive stocks.are being maintained in
prisoner of war messes, and when such excess stocks are found, will
cause them to be turned in as provided in WD Circular 158, 19^+.
h« Market centers and depots will furnish the director of food
service in each service command with monthly current lists of those
foods suitable for issue to prisoner of war messes which are in surplus
or long supply within each respective area ae well as lists of those
foods which are in critical or short supply. This information will be
used as the basis for making substitutions in the service, command
monthly prisoner of war'menu.
i. It will be the duty of the director of food service to dis­ seminate the above information, when received, to the sales officers at
the affected prisoner of war camps in order that 3-°cal menus may be ad­ justed to utilize those suitable food items which are in abundance and
which appear on the approved lists of substitutions and to curtail the use
of those foods reported as critical.
7» Gardens. a. Because of the critical food shortage the main­ tenance of prisoner of war gardens is encouraged (sec. II, ASF Cir.
19^5). However, foods grown should consist of such staple items as
beans, peas, leafy greens, potatoes, cabbage, etc. Luxury.items such
as watermelons, cantaloupes, honey-dew melons, cucumbers, etc., are
prohibited.

b. As garden products are harvested, the mess officer will report
to the sales officer the quantities of each item delivered to the mess.
It will then be the responsibility of the salea officer to adjust sub­ sequent issues in consideration of the kinds and quantities of food3
delivered to the mess from the garden. The mess officer and the sales
officer will be Jointly responsible that the total quantities of food
delivered to the mess (including both garden products,and issues from
the couanissary) do not exceed the total quantities listed in the. menu.
All surplus garden products will be turned in .to the sales officer for
issue to local troops. •
8. Rescissions. Section III., ASF Circular 73> 19^3;. paragraphs
k and 5, ASF Circular 39, 19^5; ASF Circular 72/ 19*+5; and section II,
ASF Circular 150, 19^5* are rescinded. This circular is in accordance
with a revision of paragraphs 2^ through 31, Chapter 2,.TM 19-500,
which is in process of publication.
(SPX 383.6 (26 May i+5)SPIcy)
(Minimum distribution: Base and branch prisoner of war camps;
installations at which prisoners of war are located)
V--F0HMS. 1; General. In order to measure .the' progress made . i n ­ (l) the release of enlisted men having ail'adjusted service rating equal;
to or above the critical score from bulk operating positions in the
Army Service Forces, and (2) the release for oversea.service of enlisted
men having an adjusted service rating below the critical score from
bulk operating positions in the Army Service Forces, the Manual of In­ structions for Preparation of ASF, Personnel Control Form (see ASF Cir.,.
260, 19^^) is hereby amended. Effective with the report submitted as
of 30 June 19^5, a supplementary WD AGO Form 805-7 ( . 1 April 1'9^5) which
will be designated by the reporting agency as "Table 8A" is required
whereon will be reported only those enlisted personnel with an adjusted
service rating below the critical, score, including those who elect to
remain in the service under the provisions of paragraph 12e_, KB 1-1,
hereafter referred to as "volunteers," Attention is directed to the
fact that WD AGO Form 805-7 (l April 19^5) prepared in accordance with
the provisions of ASF Circular 111, 19^5, as amended by section II, ASF
Circular 1U8,' 19^5, and section I, ASF Circular 183, 1,9^5, for all en­ listed personnel (regardless of their adjusted service rating) will con­ tinue to be submitted as in the past. Thus, commencing with the report
as of 30 June 19^5, two separate and distinct WD AGO.Forms 805-7 will
be submitted, one for all enlisted personnel (Table 8) , and one for all
enlisted personnel having an adjusted servi6e rating below the critical
score, including volunteers (Table- 8 A ) .
2. Instructions applicable to Table 8A, WD AGO Form 805-7, 1 April
V S . E Below Critical
19^5 (Special Amlysja of Enlisted Personnel with J Score). Paragraph 1, section III, Manual of instructions for Prepara­ tion of ASF Personnel Control Form (see ASF Cir. 260, ifykk), as amended,
is further amended by adding j aa follows:
- 9 (ASF Cir. 191)
(Sec. IV, V - Part Two)

•-110 ­

(ASF Cir. -191) : (Sec' V ­ Part Two)

Page 7 (WD AGO Form 805*7, 1 April (1) Heading See section III, paragraph lb(l). (2) Title• to "be changed to read: Table _8A_-_Militar2- Personnel, Operating - Special Analy­ sis of Enlisted Personnel - ASR BELOW CRITICAL SCORE.
(a") Line 1
'Column B - Enter the total number of enlisted person­ nel having adjusted service ratings "below the critical
gcore (including volunteers) who are included in line
••19; column (3), table 2 (WD AGO Form 805-2).
(b) Columns C, D, E, F, G-, H, I, and J - Enter the number
having adjusted service ratings "below the critical
score (including volunteers) in each appropriate col­ umn according to instructions contained in paragraph 3>
ASF Circular 111, 19V?, as amended.
(c) Lines 2> 3, 3a, 3b, 3c(l), 3c(2), k,ka, klo, he
U ( ) pa thru 5g, 6, 6a thru 6g, and 7 - Enter the
l the th criti­ iti
number having adjusted service' ratings "below cal score (including volunteers) in each appropriate
column according to instructions contained in paragraph
3, ASF Circular 111, 19^5/,as amended.
(d) Line 8, column B - Enter the total number of enlisted
men having adjusted service'ratings "below the critical
score (including volunteers), physically qualified for
oversea service under provisions of WD Circular l6k,
1 9 ^ , as amended, who'have "been reassigned from the
bulk operating personnel to Army Service Forces train­ ing centers, oversea replacement depots, T/O units in
preparation for extended field service or direct to
ports under current policies to release operating per­ sonnel for oversea service. Columns C through J are
not required to be filled in unless notified by higher
authority.
(e) Supplementary data. Indicate on reverse aide of form
the total number of enlisted men (included in column B,
lines 3 a and 4a) in each specifically exempted group
or activity authorized under provisions of section I,
ASF Circular 1^0, 19^5, or subsequent revisions thereof.
Show in parentheses in the case of each such exempted
group or activity the number Of enlisted men 39 years
of age or over (if any) included therein. Indicate as
a separate entry, entitled "Other enlisted men 39-years
of age and over," all other enlisted men included in
line 3a who have reached their 39th birthday, ex­ cluding -those who have been reported in any other
specifically exempted group or activity.

3. Instructions applicable..to.j?Cble_.^.J^ AGOJFom.^O5^7J__l April
2 ^ (Special Analysis of Enlisted Personnel). Effective with the report
submitted on Table 8 of the above form for the month ending 30 June 1945,
entries required to be shown en lines 5a through g> 6a through g, and line
8 thereof, in accordance with paragraph If(2) (l), (2) (n), and (2) (p),
Section III, Manual of Instructions for Preparation of ASF Personnel Con­ trol Form (ASF Cir. Ill, 1945 as amended)will be omitted.
(SPX 315 (23 May 45)SPGAS)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
VI--MEDICAL SUPPLIES. 1 ' . Pursuant to action of Munitions Assignment
Board in approving Minute 'No. 4446' of 189th Meeting of Munitions Assignment
Committee (Ground), the Chief of Transportation is authorized to provide
medical supplies to troop-carrying vessels of lend-lease governments except
naval vessels, when such supplies are requisitioned by a responsible officer
on the foreign-flag vessel.
2. The Chief of Transportation will direct the port medical supply
officer at the port of embarkation to screen the requisition and to furnish
such expendable medical supplies, except narcotics, as may be deemed neces­ sary for the treatment of passengers during the voyage. Such medical sup­ plies will only be issued in quantities comparable"to United States Army
scales at ports within the continental United States and Alaska under the
command of the Chief of Transportation.
3. The Chief of Transportation will direct the port medical supply
officer to transmit to The Surgeon General, Attention: Chief, International
Division, Washington 25, D. C , a receipted copy of the War Department ship­ ping document properly evaluated including 10 percent of cost of supplies
to cover expense of packing, handling, and transportation including any ac­ cessorial charges and marked "Ship's Medical Stores." The Surgeon.General
will report the transfer of such medical supplies as a charge to the- account
of the lend-lease government concerned on Form DDA-7 and, if applicable, on
Form OLIA-50.
4. Section VIII, ASF Circular 168, 1945, is rescinded.
(SPX 400.3295 (26 May 45) SPLLC)
(Minimum distribution: Ports of embarkation; medical depots; medi­ cal sections of ASF depots)
PART T H R E E

(Hq, ASF; technical services; hq, service commands)
VII--CONTRIBUTION. Attention is directed to Administrative Memorandum
W-4, 26 May 1945, concerning contributions for decoration of graves at Arling­ ton Cemetery which was distributed to all War Department activities -in
Washington. It is requested that contributions be forwarded by the person
designated to receive them to Lt. Col. Harry A. Patterson, AGD, Room 2D-970,
The Pentagon. (SPX 123 (28 May 4^)MP-M) - 11 ­ (ASF Cir, 191) (Sec. V, VI - Part Two --Sec. VII - Part Three)

- - Lc. ­

(ASF Cir. 191)
(Sec. VIII, IX
Part Three)

VIII--SAFETY PROGRAM.--1.' Summary accident statistics for May
19^5 and each succeeding month will be contained in Section 11, Ad­ ministration, Monthly Progress Report. Section 16, Safety, Monthly
Progress- Report, will no longer " b e published,
2. To xjermit preparation of summary accident statistical data in
sufficient time to meet publication deadline dates-­ a. Commanding generals of service commands and the Military
District of Washington will forward, in time to reach the Provost Mar­ shal General, Washington 25, D. C. not later than the 10th of the
month following the close of the month to which "the data pertain,
copy of each report required by paragraph 2b(3), VD Circular h^Q,
subject, "Reports of Injuries to Military Personnel," on.WD AGO Form
completed through item k. Completed Forms 508 submitted pursuant to
paragraph 2b(3), WD Circular k^d, will be forwarded in time to reach
the Provost Marshal General not later than the 20th of.the month follow­ ing the close of the month to which the data pertain. The foregoing
dates supersede those established by WD Circular k'$&.
b. As heretofore, commanding generals of service commands and the
Military District of Washington and the Chiefs of Chemical Warfare Serv­ ice, Engineers, Ordnance, and Transportation will forward one copy of
each report required by paragraph 0, section I, ASF Circular 329, 1 9 ^ ,
in time to reach the Provost Marshal General, Washington 25', D. C., not
later than the 10th of the month following the close of the month to
which the data pertain,
3. Data not received by the Provost Marshal General by the slates
established above will be omitted from Section 11, Administration,
Monthly Progress Eeport.
(SPX 729*3 (26 May ^+5)SPMGS)
IX--PRISONER OF WAE.--1. The shipment of German and Italian pris­ oners of war to the United States has been stopped. All prisoners in
this country will be repatriated as rapidly as possible .consistent with
the need for their labor on essential military arid contract work in the
United States and the military situation abroad. Until these prisoners
are repatriated, it Is necessary that the limited supply of prisoner of
war labor be used as efficiently as possible on military and contract
work.
2. a. The Director of Personnel, Headquarters Army Service Forces,
will determine and transmit to the Provost Marshal General a minimum
allocation of prisoners of war (except Italian service units) for Army
Service. Forces work, and will adjust this allocation periodically in
accordance with the needs for and availability of such labor. Command­ ing generals of service commands and chiefs of technical services will
notify the Director of Personnel, Army Service Forces, of changea in
their needs for prisoners for essential military work.

b. Specific allocations of prisoners (except Italian service units)
will be made by the Provost Marshal General to service commands for all
military and contract work. The Provost Marshal General will maintain
direct liaison with civilian manpower agencies, the Navy Department, and
the Army Air Forces, and will distribute available prisoners among the
service commands in accordance with shifts which may occur 'in the re­ quirements for such labor,
3. At the request of the- Office of War Mobilization and the civil­ ian manpower agencies, the War Department has committed a maximum of
ll+0,000 able-bodied prisoners for contract work. The Navy Department
has been allocated 13,500 prisoner workers and the Army Air Forces,
13,500, All other prisoners are allocated to the Army Service Forces,
including—
a. Prisoner overhead for all prisoner of war camps.
b. Prisoner workers in service command activities, other than
prisoner of war camp overhead.
£, Prisoner workers in technical service activities, d. Noneffective prisoners, h. Prisoners allocated to contract work, Navy work, and Army Air Forces work if not used by these agencies will be employed, with the
approval of the Provost Marshal General, on the most useful work avail­ able pending their reallocation or transfer.
5. Contract work comprises all work for which certification by
the War Manpower Commission or the War Food Administration (through
the Agricultural Extension Service) is required, including work for
Federal agencies, other than the War and Navy Departments, and private
contractors who may be working for the Army and Navy.
6. The provisions of TM 19-500, are being amended to include the
above-stated policy.
(SEX 383.6 (23 May ^5)SPMG0)
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMEKVELL:

OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO Major General The Adjutant General
1 Incl
Report form

LeR. LUTES
Major General, GSC
Chief of Staff

- 13 -

(ASF Cirf 191)
(Sec. IX - Part Three)

MONTH TOTAL No. OF RATIONS DRAWN DAILY ITEMS

PRISONER OF WAR MENU RECAPITULATION (FREQUENCY CHART)

WD 29

Form R-5055 19^5

* This column to to filled in by service command - Inclosure to A S F Circular 2

25 -1+00 00-29 -5 -lj-5 -38OO

RESTRICTED

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 195 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C., 30 May

U3ed

IL1M?

)

PART TWO (Not u s e d )
PART"THREE

PRISONER OF WAR--Censorship of domestic mail

PART

T H R E E

(Hq, ASF; technical services: hq, service commands)
PRISONER OF WAR. 1. The War Department has received notification
that on 13 June 19^5 "the Office of Censorship will discontinue the cen­ sorship of the domestic mail of German and Italian prisoners of war in­ terned in the United States. The censorship of the international mail
of such prisoners will " b e continued " b y the Office of Censorship on a re­ duced "basis.
2. The continuance of censorship control over the domestic mail of
German and Italian prisoners of war is, however, deemed necessary " b y the
War Department. It Is therefore desired that commanding generals of serv­ ice commands and the Military District of Washington perform such censor­ ship of that mail as they deem necessary in the interests of the United
States. Care will " b e exercised to distinguish "between domestic and inter­ national mail,, censorship of the latter "being a continued responsibility
of the Office of Censorship. Censorship of domestic mail will " b e per­ formed by United States personnel on a unit censorship level. The
provisions of FM 30-2S, 15 September 1 9 ^ , will be complied with so far
as they are applicable and as they pertain to the operational mechanics
of censorship. . U. S. Army Examiner stamps will be procured through nor­ mal supply chanifels in accordance with the provisions of section III, ASF
Circular. l6l,. I9kh.
3. Pending, the revision of existing instructions, German and
Italian prisoners of war will be instructed to use as a return address on
their domesticfjmail their name and serial number, the name of the base
camp at which they are interned, and the State in which the camp is lo­ cated. They will further be instructed to notify their domestic corre­ spondents to use the same address.
h. The Director of Intelligence., Army Service Forces, will furnish
to commanding generals of service commands and the Military District of
Washington a list of the names of prisoners under their jurisdiction who
- 1 RESTRICTED
(ASF Cir. 195)

RESTRICTED
- 2 -

(ASF CIr. 195)

are on the Watch List maintained t > . y the Office' of-Censorship. Special .
vigilance will " b e exerciqed over the mail of these individuals while other
mail will " b e examined on'a spot check "basis.
(SPX COO.73 (2U May U5)SPIKT)
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL:

OFFICIAL: J, A. ULIO . Major General The Adjutant General

LeR. LUTES Major General, GSC Chief of Staff

RESTRICTED
25-43200-3800

ASF CIRCULAR) No - 202 )

BEADQUAEfTEES ARMY SERVICE FORCES Washington 2 5 , D. C , k June Section

PA?-?..QNS (Not used) PAET^fwO PRr.GCTISE OF WAR--Excess clothing and unauthorized a r t i c l e s PELSj\ER OF WAR—Sec. IV, ASFCir. 139, 19^5, rescinded WALSA-HEALEY ACT- - V i o l a t o r s ; . s e c . V, ASF C i r . 104, 19^5, aiiionded-..-, ---•

I II III

PART TLTJfo]
s"il;iR4TI0N CLASSIFICATION AND COUNSELING--Report of estimated
: ai'cition?.] number of personnel ——,_,._:.__
LABOR MARKET AREA--Classif i cat ion—-

j y

V

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
I. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. ExceBS_clothin£. a. Recent inspections
of prisoner of war installations reveal that prisoners of war -are .in
possession of more clothing than is permitted by the provisions of
paragraph 19, section V, chapter 2, TM 19~5OO. Especially is this true
in regard to shoes. It is directed that immediate action be taken to
insure that each prisoner of war has only that amount of clothing
authorized in tne table of clothing allowances. In computing the number
of items of clothing and shoes permitted, those items issued by the
prisoner's own army and now in his possession will be considered. All
surplus clothing will be returned to the post quartermaster.
b. Ration authorities of our Government have requested civilian
clothing markets to adopt a voluntary ration program in order to con­ serve the stocks of clothing now held in this country. It is directed
that all personnel concerned with, prisoners of war., institute a program
of clothing conservation by prisoners of war. The--wearing by prisoners
of war during ofi duty hours of their own national uniform will be
encouraged.
2.. Unauthorized .artici©?• &• Recent reports indicate that
many prisoners of war possess articles, tools, and other implements
not authorized by regulations.-^;; Many of these have been stolen, taken
from the work job, or gi^en.. t o j f c ] ^ ; j > r 4 . f l o # e r # , i . . .,It ^directed that
; immediate steps be takea^tp. ascertai-n if prisoners; TQ£ war-possess any
unauthorized articles and, if any are found, they will be taken from
-1(ASFc.Cir. 202)
(Sec . I - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 202)
(Sec. I, II, III - Part Two —
Sec. IV - Part Three.)

the prisoners and appropriate disciplinary action administered. Any
unauthorized articles which may " b e discovered will be returned to the
agency issuing them if such can " b e identified, otherwise they will
be turned in to the post engineer. All personnel, civilian and
military, connected with prisoners of war will be instructed that
prisoners are not permitted to remove any implements from the location
of their job.
b. Periodic sttakedown inspections will be made and disciplinary
action taken against any prisoner of war who is found to have unau­ thorized tools or other articles in his possession.
(SPX 333.6 (28 May ^5)SPMS0)
(Minimum distribution; All POW camps; installations at which
rCV/ camps are located)
II. PRISONER OF WAB. Since Mixed Medical Commissions have been
inactivated, .section IV, ASF Circular 139, 19^5, is rescinded.
(SPX 383.6 (28 May ^5)SPMGO)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations; all
POW camps1
III-. WALSH-HEALEY ACT. Paragraph 1, section V, .ASF Circular XOk,
19^-5, as amended by section III,.ASF Circular,167, 19^5, is further
amended by adding, the following names and dates to .the list distributed
by the Comptroller General of the, United States containing the names
of the^ persons or firms found by tn.e Secretary of Labor to. have breached
any of the agreements or representations required by the'.Walsh-Healey Act:
H,• E, Barnes'and Leroy Jones,-' individually and as co-partners
doing business as
Colonial Furniture Company,
of Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Sidney Katz and Jacob Katz, individually or doing business as
the. .Mayfair Shirt Company
or Mayfair Manufacturing Company,
of.Greensb oro, Maryland.
lT'A£rilv

28 April

(SPX k6l (31 May 45)SPAML)
(Minimum" distribution: Class I,. II, III,.and IV and]special
installations)
PART T H R E E

(Hq, ASF; technical services; hq, service
IV. SEPARATION CLASSIFICATION AND COUI^ELING, 1. Inf ormationl is
desired ae to the estimated additional number of separation classifica­ tion and counseling- personnel, broken down as to officers and enlisted

RESTRICTED

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 203 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , k June

5?_2M

used)

PART TWO (Wot used)
PART'_THREE_
PRISONER OF WAR—Policy with respect to trial of sentries who have
injured or killed prisoners of var

P A R T

T H R E E jJoinmands)

ASF;

technical services;

PRISONER OF WAR. 1. The following policy is announced for guidance
at eervice command level. It should not be publicized or pronounced to
soldiers guarding prisoners of war lest it be misunderstood by the public,
by other governments, or loj sentries as implied consent to careless or
irresponsible use of firearms.
2. The War Department has approved the following policy with re­ spect to trial of sentries who have injured or killed prisoners of war:
Where a thorough investigation into the death of a prisoner of war fully
discloses that the sentry involved was beyond any doubt Justified in his
action and was properly carrying out the duty imposed upon him as a sen­ try, he should not be tried by court martial. The filing of a report of
the investigation with the protecting power (or through such channels as
are adopted by the United States Government in the absence of a protect­ ing power) fully complies with the obligation of the United States Gov­ ernment as detaining power. In ordinary cases the interests of the sen­ try concerned will be adequately protected by providing him with true
copies of the report of investigation and related papers. It is con­ sidered unlikely that a sentry would be brought to trial by a Federal or
a State court for the killing of an enemy prisoner of war where a high of­ ficer of the United States, such as the commanding general of a division
or of a service command, has determined that no P^jHl£_j[^2l£. cas© existed.
(SFX 250.^-5 (21 Fe'b >+5)SPMGG)

BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL: OFFICIAL: J . A . ULIO

Major General The Adjutant General
RESTRICTED

LeR. LUTES
Major General, GSC Chief of Staff
(ASF Cir. 20?)
25-^855-3800

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 213 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
WaafciBgton 25, :D. C , 9 June

•Section

PART OHE
PARATROOPS--Processing,of applications for training--ENLISTED PERSONNEL--ASF Cir. 100, 19^5, amended PRISONER OF. WAR-•Proposed program for fuller "utilization-PART THESE
M T C0ST--Sec. VI, ASF Cir. Ik5, I9U5, amended ENLISTED PERSONNEL—Housing and messing in New York City--

I
II
III
IV

PART

O N E

(General application -- complete distribution)
1. PARATROOPS. 1. Attention is directed to section I, ASF
cular 92, 19^5- T'ne need for personnel for paratroop trainings still
exists.
2. This headquarters has "been informed that in certain instances
applications for paratroop training have not "been forwarded as -pro­ vided by current War Department directives.
3. Immediate action will " b e taken by all commanders concerned to
expedite the processing of all applications of personnel eligible for
this training, and the applications of those qualified will be for­ warded without delay.
k. Details concerning qualification of enlisted personnel and
method of processing applications are prescribed in WD Circular 262,
I 9 l 4 . i i , as amended by section IV, WE)-Circular 278, and section III, WD-
Circular 368, 19kk. Similar information for'officers is contained in
section IV, W Circular 229, 19^> as amended by section XIII. WD Cir-.

, 3 .(16

PART T W O

(Limited application « - special distribution)
II. ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 1, Paragraph 2^b(l), ASF Circular 100,
which requires the report of overages and shortages of physically
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 2i3)
(Sec. I - Part One ­ 3ec. II 4 Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir, 213)
(Sec. II, III -.Part -Two)

qualified personnel (Control Approval Symbol GAC-95) is rescinded and
the following substituted therefor:
(1) Report of availability of replacements by output period._
(Control Approval Symbol GAC 10iy. This report on per­ sonnel available to the training center for replace­ ments will be submitted in the form shown as Annex No.
8 (1 June 19^5) inclosed. Personnel to be included
in the total as of the date of report will be those in
basic technical and team training for replacements at
^the training center, and those on PS from the train­ ing center at specialist schools, together with those
undergoing refresher basic military training at the
training center who can be qualified under POR for
replacements by fractional training under the provi­ sions of section VII, ASF Circular 143, 19^5 • Person­ nel In category covered by section I, ASF Circular
1945, as amended by section I, ASF Circular 190,
will be shown as available during the 4-week period in
which they will complete required 6 months training.
Personnel received from reception centers and under­ going basic military training as of the date of report
will not be included. Personnel in training to meet
preactivation training requirements will not be in­ cluded. The total personnel will be further broken
down by race and grade to indicate by 4-week output
periods an estimate of when this personnel can be quali­ fied under POB and be made available for shipment to
ZI replacement depots. No allowance will be made for
attrition. Initial report will be made as of 31 May 1945
2. Annex No. 8 (1 March,1945), in inclosure to ASF Circular 100,
1945, is rescinded and the attached form, Annex No. 8 (1 June 1945),
substituted therefor.
(SPX 320.2 (31 May 45)SPGAC)
(Minimum' distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
III. PRISONER OF WAR.. 1. From observation of .the use of prisoners
of war in depots, it'appears that this type of labor is being employed
more effectively in some installations than in others.
2. In order to familiarize all concerned with the best methods
of directing and utilizing prisoners, Headquarters Army Service Forces
(Storage Division) is considering an educational program that would-be,
of value to ..officers directing the work of'prisoners in depots.

•j. Before the above is placed in effect, it is desired to have
the opinion of depot commanders employing prisoners of war as to
whether they 'believe depot operations would be "benefited " b y having per­ sonnel who supervise the prisoners of war participate in such a program,
h. Knowledge is also desired as to depot operations which are
now efficiently performed by prisoners of war,
5, It is therefore requested that each depot commander forward
to the chief of his technical service by 23 June 1945 answers to the
following questions:
a. Do you use German prisoners of war, Italian service units, or
other Italian prisoners of war at your depot? If so, how many?
b. If you use any of the personnel mentioned above, list those
depot operations which they handle most efficiently (housekeeping and
care taking operations are not to be listed). Operations should be de­ scribed as clearly as possible, but not in great detail. For example:
brakemen on switch engines; repairing pontoons; classifying returned
supplies,
£. Do you consider that a program, such as outlined in paragraph
2, would be of value to your operations? If so, do you have any sug­ gestions as to information which should be included in the program?
6. It is desired that replies to the above questions, together
with any further suggestions or recommendations, be submitted by chiefs
of technical services to Headquarters Army Service Forces (Storage
Division) no later than 3° June 19^5•
(SPX 383,6 (2 Jun 45)SFWHP)
(Minimum distribution: All depots)

PAET

T H R E E

(Hq> ASF: technical services; hq, service commands)
IV. UNIT COST. The last sentence of paragraph ?b(l), section VI,
ASF Circular 1^5, 194-5., is changed to read: The term "basic cost" as
used therein will be interpreted to mean unit catalog cost.
(SPX 400.3 (7 Jun 45)SPFBR)
V, ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 1. A large number of enlisted men on
duty, in New York City are being allowed commutation of quarters and ra±ic
tions at considerable expense to the Army. A recent study has been made
which indicates that' considerable of this personnel may be housed and
messed in Army Hall, College of ther City of New York, 13T"th Street and
Amsterdam Avenue, New York City, N. Y., at considerable saving to the

- 5 -

(ASF Cir. 213)
(Sec. Ill - PartVTwo ---
Sec. IV, V - Part Three)

- k -

(ASF Cir. 215')
•(Sec. V - Part Three)

War.Department. .These quarters have already served very satisfactorily
• j P o r troops.:.;of the Army Specialized Training Program.
2. The. Commanding. General, Second Service Command,, has made ar­ rangements for use of Army Hall and will coordinate the movement of per­ sonnel to the "building. It is desired that directors of staff divisions
and chiefs of technical services take full advantage of the facilities
made available at Army Hall and that enlisted personnel as determined
"by the Commanding General, Second*Service Command, under their juris­ diction located either now or in the future in New York City (the five
boroughs), on permanent assignment, attached \uhassigned, or on temporary
duty, be housed and messed therein.
3o Personnel housed in Army Hall vill be attached to Headquarters
Second Service Command for rations, quarters, and supply of clothing
and individual equipment only. Monetary allowance in lieu of noon meal
ration is authorized except for Sundays.
•k'l All ^current authorizations 'for full monetary allowance in lieu
of rations and quarters in New York City will be withdrawn (by a time
to be announced by the Commanding General, Second Service Command), and
in the' future no ASF enlisted personnel assigned, attached unassigned,
or on temporary duty in New York City will be granted such allowances
without prior concurrence by the Commanding General, Second Service
Commaiid.
5v It is not the intention of this directive to limit the authority
of localcc^mmanders as set forth in paragraph lib, AR 210-10, to author­ ize individuals to ration separately.
6# > ' T h e authorization for payment of monetary allowances in lieu
of quarters and/or rations in kind, under provisions of section I, para­ graph 3£y AR' 35-^520, is intended solely to cover the additional expense
necessary for performance of?, military duty in a locality -where facili­ ties for quartering or messing of military personnel are not available
in whole or in part through any -War Department- agency. The. use. of .such
authority to give enlisted .-personnel increased compensation for ..purposes
not based on military necessity ie improper. Family dependency allow­ •ance-a- as provided by the Government must be presumed to be adequate.
There i s no authority for using the provisions of t>ie; Army.-.J^gulations
cited solely to make it convenient for enlisted personnel of_any grade
to reside with dependents.
(SFX 621 (5 Jun
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL:
OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO Major General The Adjutant General 1 Incl Annex No. 8 (1 June LeE. LUTES Major General, GSC Chief of Staff

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 216 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Waahincton 25, D. C , 12 June
Section

ONE
HOTEL RESERVATION--Sec. I, ASF Cir. 17^, 19^5, amended CIVILIAN PERSONNEL--Appointments of consultants on WOC
"basis T"-- * • PART TWO
PRISONER OF WAR—Feeding protected personnel PRISONER OF WAR—Pulmonary tuberculosis patients and
'-—'-• neuropsychopathics ' < PRISONER OF WAR—Mailing of parcels---—, ---INSTALLATION--Fort D. A. Russell, Tezz., inactive status OFFICSR--ASF Cir. 206, 19 U5, amended STORAGE--Fire aisles and other clearances for stored
stipplies—' • - PART. THREE
ASF MANUAL M 703-3--Pars. 16 and 19 to 22, amended PUBLICATION—ASF Cir. 19^, 19^5, emended-*-

I
II
Ill
IV
y
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X

PART

0 N S

(General application — complete distribution)
I. HOTEL RESERVATION. Paragraph if,,Section I, ASF' Circular
, is amended by adding under the heading, Ninth Service Command—
Phoenix, Arizona /
1 2 ^ 1 South Central Avenue
Telephone: ^-7258 or/
(SPX 628 (30 Ma;/ ^5)SPEC) /

•II. CIVILIAN PERSONNEL:. -I," The Secretary of War has requested
the cooperation of Army- Service forces in reducing the numbers of appoint­ ments of consultants on a WOC (without compensation) basis with-payments
of actual transportation expenses and. not to exceed $10 per day in lieu
of expenses, as provided by Civilian Personnel Regulations 35.9'. " It is
desired, therefore, that requests for- appointments of consultants' for
the fiscal year :l9^6 (see WD Civilian Personnel Circular 81,' l$kk) be
carefully reviewed,, and ,the-number reduced so.far as possible* The
periods of • • servicie requested, should, also be xejrefully reviewed and only
the time actually required should be recommended. Full justification of
the request must':b'e made in each case. -The1 same tests will be applied to
all requests 'for such appointments made hereafter,
- 1 - '"{ASF. Cir. -216).,
(Sec. i / i r -Part One)

- 2. -

(ASF Cir. 2l6)
(Sec. 'il - Part One --
Sec. H I , IV, V - Part Two)

2. All requests for approval of such appointments hereafter -will
be submitted through channels to headquarters Army Service Forces, At­ tention: Industrial Personnel Division, which will review requests
before transmitting them to the Office of the Secretary of War­ 3. The foregoing instructions do not affect appointments of con­ sultants and technical experts.paid not to exceed $25 per day and
travel expenses under provisions of,CPE 35.10 and WD Civilian Personnel
Circular 8l, 19kk-. Requests for approval of these appointments will
continue to be submitted directly to the Office of the Secretary of
War in accordance with section III, ASF Circular 103, 1 9 ^ , as amended
by section I, ASF Circular $65,'19kh.
(SPX 230 (9 Jun 1+5)SPGCC):

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
III. PRISONER OF WAR. The provisions of section IV, ASF Circular
19^5> concerning prisoner of war feeding, will be applied in the
reeding of protected personnel as well as prisoners of war.
(SPX 383.6 (9 .Jun l4-5)S?MGO)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, and IV installations;
PW camps)
IV., PRISONER OF WAR., i. Pending revision of paragraph 35(b),
chapter 2, TM: 19'-?00, German prisoners of war suffering from pulmonary
tuberculosis will be transferred to Hospital Center, Camp Forrest,
Tennessee.
2. Pending revision of paragraph 35(d), chapter"2; TM
German prisoner of war neurop'sychopathics will not be transferred
to Glennan General Hospital, Okmulgee, Oklahoma, but willb.e reported
to the Medical Regulating Officer, Office of The Surgeon General, for
disposition.
(SPX' 383 -6(9 Jun . 1 + 5 )SPMG0).
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations;
PW camps)
V. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Pending publication and revision of'
appropriate sections of TM 19-500, Enemy Prisoners of War, the regu­ lations contained in this circular will be put into effect immediately
with regard to parcels mailed to or by enemy prisoners 'of war held
in the United States. Reference is made to paragraph l6c(2)(d),
section II, ASF Circular 279, 1 9 ^ , as amended by section IV, ASF
Circular 215, ^

2, Parcels from prisoners of war* to domestic addressees, Pr Is one r a
of war. will not be permitted: to mail parcels to addressees within tne
continental limits of the United States other than"to relief or,.aid .
organizations and American educational.institutions approved by'the Provost
Marshal General. This provision does not apply to members;- of ..Italian
service units serving within the United Stated.'
'3. Parcels from domestic,senders.-to prisoners of war, Prisoners
of wetr will.not.rbe.permitted., to receive parcels (except new books) mailed
witiiti .the! pQiittiiieJital limits of the United States, other thaii from relief
or:aidriDrgani'zatipns and American educational institutions approved by
th^e'PrqV.pst Marshal General..' This provision d'oes not apply :to/members of
I ' f e c ' l i a ' n ' service units serving within the:. United 'States .
k. Parcels from German prisoners of. vaf to oversea" addresses.
German prisoners of war will not be permitted to mail parcels to oversea
addressees.
5* Parcels from Italian prisoners of war, including,^er_vic_e2Qnit.
memberst to certain Ideations in Italy, a, Italian prisoners of war
within the continental limits of the United States, including members of
Italian''service units, #ay request the International Committee of the
Red Cross to send ordinary (unregistered and uninsured) gift packages by
parcel poet to civilians' in Vatican City State and the cities of Rome
and Naples, Italy, and Palermo, Sicily. Gift packages will be limited^
to relief items, and the total value of each package will not exceed $25.
The prisoners will make their requests to send such parcels to the camp
spokesman or to the senior Italian assigned to the unit in the case of
Italian service unit members, who. will prepare a list in duplicate of
those prisoners desirins to send parcels to Italy, stating the names and
addresses of the addres3ees. These lists will be forwarded once monthly
by camp commanders of prisoner of war camps to the Provost Marshal
General's CK'fice, and by commanding officers, Italian service units to
the Commanding Gsneral, Italian Service Units, for transmittal to the
International Committee of the Red Cross. In place.of lists, this
information may be forwarded in such form as may be convenient to Inter­ national Committee of the Red Cross as made known to spokesmen by'
instructions forwarded by International Comrrittso of the Red Cross
through the Provost Marshal General and Conmanding General, Italian
Service Units'. Upon receipt of a monthly statement from = the Interna­ tional Committee of the Red Cross, listing the amount due from each
prisoner, the prisoners will pay the camp commander- in canteen coupons •
(Italian service unit members may niake payment in either canteen'-coupons
or cash). The camp commander will deliver the canteen coupons;-or cash
from members of Italian service units, to the camp canteen ana. will-
obtain in exchange therefor a check made out to the International Com­ mittee of the Red Cross for the total amount. The check to the- Inter­ national Committee of the Red Cross vill be forwarded once monthly
through the Provost Marshal General or Commanding General, Italian Serv­ ice Units, as the case may be.
. 3 (ASF Cir,.,2l6)
(Sec. V;-' Part;Two)

(ASF Cir. 216}
(Sec. V, VL, TO;, • VIII - Part Two)

b. O*ily 'one packag^.perea^ei^fir^monthmay""be .sent on request of
the same; &e&deiv Under, no.circumstances: will"parcels,be..sent torloca­ t-ions .other; than;the four .fisted = above; ••
c.r-'-ThejCojkaandiris General, Italian Service ;0hits,, "will-iesue such
Tonal'directions as may.be. /deemed necessary for the information
and guidance "of !ccmman^ing .officer's, .of Italian service units with re>
! i > h e sending of civilian;.relief' £ar-ceis bjr members ,of tjae Italian
gardj-to . •service units."•'• v
d. Nothing contained in.this paragraph will""be interpreted, to
restrict' mailing privilege heretofore • granted to prisoners o . f war, in­ cluding .members of Italian service units. The provisions of th,is para­ graph do not alter or amend current regulations applicable.to/prisoners
of -war in connection with their repatriation.
e. The regulations applicable to parcels mailed to Italy- and
Sicily are subject to change by the various appropriate Government
agencies,
.(SPX. 583.6 (8 Jun ^5)SPMG0)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, and IV installation;.
PW camps; Italian service units)
i>YI> INSTALLATION. Effective as of 31 May 19^5, the War Depart-
nhas-placed Fort D« A. Russell, Texas, in an inactive status,
; to. reopening upon 120 days' notice.
(SPX 602 (6 Jun ^5)SPM0C)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations).
VII. ^ OFFIdEE. So much of.-paragraph la," ASF Circular 206,
.as reads- ( . W D AGO Form 6k) is amended to read: (WD AGO Form 66~k).*
(SPX 210.8 (11 Jun ^5.)SPGAP)
(Minimum' 'distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
VJII. STORAGE. 1* •Fire prevention in storage installations.
Good practices with respect"to fire~ aisles and other"clearances for
stored supplies are to be recognized in the arrangement, operation, "and
maintenance of military storage -facilities. The basic hazard intro­ duced by the warehouse structure is increased by the character, wide
variety, and concentration of stored supplies. Under existing condi­ tions and with the pressure.incident to'wartime Btorage and shipping
demands,, incipient and spreading fires may occur in,storage installa­ tions. Therefore extreme caution must be taken to reduce to a minimum
the conditions incident to starting fires and the. potential «xteiit of
spreading fires. In order fully to utilize existing critical storage
space, it is important that practices as specified herein be adhered to.
2 # Stack clearances. The following clearances will be maintained
in the stacking of ordinary supplies and equipment 1,.
. a, . Below automatic sprinkler heads if such protection has been
installed, clearance will be 18 inchesj

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 236 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 23 June

Section
PACT ONE (Not used)
PART TWO
PERSONNEL—Sec. V, ASF Cir. 199, 19^5, amended ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS—Return of personnel to FW camps OFFICER—Leave of absence PERSONNEL—Assignment procedures; sec. I, -ASF Cir. 172,
19^5, amended ENLISTED PERSONNEL- -Training of limited assignment
inductees INSTALLATION--Camp Jesse Turner, Van Buren, Ark., surplus
category • PRISONER OF WAR—Regulation of conduct PART THREE (Not used)

I
II
III
IV
V
VI
VII

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
.1. PERSONNEL. Paragraph 2a(2), section V, ASF Circular 199,
is amended to include the following: 1 ea Can, meat,
(SPX 2^6.5 (20 Jun lj-5)SPGAR)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
II. ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS. 1. Genera^. The following procedure
will govern the return to prisoner of war camps, under the provisions of
paragraph 12h, section II, ASF Circular 279, 1 9 ^ , of Italian officers
and enlisted prisoners of war assigned to Italian service units.
2. Preliminary consideration. Careful consideration should precede
determination to return enlisted personnel to prisoner of war camps in
view of lack of replacements therefor. Local punishment of all offenders,
and reclassification and reassignment of all of those professionally,
mentally, and physically deficient, should be exhausted before such
determination.
3» Possible reasons. S U C A personnel may be returned for the fol-r
lowing reasons:
a, For cause
~ " (l) Political beliefs (Fascist or pro-Nazi).
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 236)
(Sec. I, II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 236)
(Sec. II - Part Two)

Studied or deliberate noneooperation.
Subversive actions or talk.
Recalcitrant or rebellious attitude.
Serious infractions of lavs and regulations. (See sec.
II, ASF Cir. 2^9, 19^4, as to trial by "court mar­ tial; see also sec. IV, ASF Cir. 359/ 19^> as to
unauthorized publication, and ASF £ir. 88, 19^-5, as
to ownership or operation of vehicles.)
b. Without prejudice. When, in the opinion of the commanding
general of a service command, reassignment has failed to produce satis­ factory performance of duty or "hen reassignment is considered
unwarranted,
(1) Professionally unqualified. . '
(2) Physically disqualified, including senility,
(3) Temperamentally unsuited, ?"but not within a above.
* * • Prisoner of War Camp to which,returned.
§L» For cause. Prisoner of War Camp, Monti cello, Arkansas.
b, Without prejudice. Prisoner of War Camp, Weingarten, Missouri,
5. Processing for return. /
a. Service record. See paragraph lb,.section I, ASF Circular
192, 1 9 ^ . " " ' _ • '
] • > • Identification card. See. paragraph 12h, section II, ASF
Circular 279, 1 9 ^ .
c. Exchange coupons. See paragraph 4k and n, ASF Circular
d. Clothing and equipment. Turn in Italian service unit cloth­ ing and equipment, including "Italy" sleeve and headdress insignia,
and all other articles of clothing and equipment in ^excess of articles
and quantities prescribed by paragraphs 19 and 20, chapter 2, TM ­ 19-500, and issue in lieu thereof properly marked prisoner of war
clothing within prescribed allowances; "provided that personnel being
returned without jpre^iuaice may be permitted to retain the uniform
prescribed for "Italian "service units for wear during travel to the
prisoner of war camp.
e. Guard. Place in custody of an armed guard. Prisoner of war
regulations apply.
f. Funds. Deposit all moneys in Trust Fund 218915-Deposits,
Funds of Civilian Internees and Prisoners of War, following the pro­ cedure prescribed in paragraph 4d, chapter 4, TM 19-500.
Allowances, method of shipment, and disposition of ex­ cess as prescribed by section III, chapter 3, TM
19-500, apply. (Section III is now being processed
for publication.)
(2) Prohibitions and restrictions prescribed by paragraph
10b, section III, chapter 2, TM 19-500, apply. The
term "equipment and implements of war" used therein
includes knives, tools, and weapons of any kind.

(2) (3) (h) (5)

(b) I f during the period'..of temporary duty, instruc­ tions are issued to the'reception station that
the individual should "be separated, the recep­ tion station will amend the temporary duty
order to have the individual return to the
personnel center'without delay'for separation.
(c) If during the period of temporary duty, instruc­ tions are issued-'to the reception station that
the individual is essential and should proceed
to a1 given assignment, the reception station
*will amend the temporary duty order to have
the individual proceed to the new station of
assignment, at the end of the temporary duty
period, without return to the reception'sta­ tion. The EDCMR in such cases will "be de­ termined as in (2)- above.
(d) If for any, reason no instructions are Issued to
the reception station directing the separation
or. tlae reassignment of an individual prior to
completion of the first 20 days Of hie' tem­ porary, duty,; the reception station will amend
the temporary, duty order to have the individual
proceed to the nearest officer pool of his
service at the end of the temporary: duty period
without return to the reception station and
await determination of his essentiality. In
such cases the reception station will, notify
The Adjutant General of the action taken and
the pool to which the officer has teen ordered.
Officers 'with no military branch and warrant
officers will be ordered to the nearest adju­ tant general's officer pool. The EDCMR in
such cases will be determined as in (2) above.
(SPX 210.31 (11 Jun 1J-5)SPGAC)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV and special
installations)
V. ENLISTED PERSONNEL, 1. Enlisted men inducted under the pro­ visions of: WD letter. (AGPR^.I 327-31 (26 May k1?}), 26 May 19^5, subject,
"Induction of Qerta-in. Selective Service Registrants Under 26 Years of
Age," who are assigned direct to operating positions within the Army
Service Forces from reception ..centers without, having completed any mili­ tary training, will have stamped in the remarks section of their WD AGO
Form 20 the words "Not Trained." tfpon completion of an appropriate
mobilization training program by the individual'concerned, the words
"Not Trained" will be deleted.
- 5 - ( (ASF Cir. 236)
IV, V - Part Two)

- 6 -

(ASF Cir. 256)
(Sec. V, VI, VII - Part Two)

2. Installations receiving this type personnel will with the
least practicable delay give them a thorough indoctrination in military
courtesy and discipline, provide certain basic knowledge needed by all
men in the Army, and endeavor to develop soldierly qualities in these
men.
3. Section VI, chapter 12, ASF Manual M k, April 19^5, specifies
the training that all Army Service Forces personnel in operating posi­ tions will accomplish.
(SPX 527.3X (21 Jun U5)SPTRB)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
VI. iferAIXATION. Effective as of 13 June 19^5, the War Depart­ ment hasyplaced Camp Jesse Turner, Van Buren, Arkansas, a subcamp of Camp
Chaffe&{ Arkansas, in the category of surplus.
( 602 (7 May **5)SPM0C)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
^s, VII, PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Military Discipline and control^ a. Pos­ itive action will be taken to iisure full and strict compliance on the
part of prisoners of war with all directives and regulations concern­ ing discipline and prisoner behavior. Anti-fraternization policies
will be rigidly enforced and responsible personnel will be alert to
prevent any infractions.
b. (1) Proper attitude and decorum in all contacts with the public
will be required especially where women are concerned.
(2) Prisoners of war will not be transported through a city
or other heavily inhabited areas if an alternative route
is feasible. Where it is necessary to transport pris­ oners through such heavily inhabited areas, they will
be required to sit erect with arms folded across the
chest. Silence will be maintained.
(3) Prisoners responsible for deliberate work slowdown, shirk­ ing and loafing on the Job, strikes, and careless or
wilful damage to public or private property will be
punished under the provisions of the applicable law in­ volved or under the Articles of War,
2. Militexy_J>ourteBtea • American military personnel will require
of prisoners of war the respect and courtesy due their rank, Including
salutes and the position of attention where appropriate. Prisoner of
war camp commanders will institute a program of compliance with mili­ tary courtesy in this respect.
3* Zro^lM^iH 1 . .°/_Ai?Play £? ra.soi^e't j&nd.jiazl emblems, ft. Atten­ tion is directed to section XII, chapter"2", TM 19-500, Enemy Prisoners
of War, and IWX SPMGO (2), 2k- April 19^5, pertaining to Nazi salutes,
flags, pictures, and emblems.

b. All Fascist flags upon which the Fascist emblems appear vill
be confiscated. Prisoners of war dying in captivity'will be accorded
full military honors but Fascist flags, Fascist insignia, Fascist sa­ lutes, and Fascist ceremonies are prohibited.
£, Except for emblems and insignia worn as a part of the uniform,
Italian prisoners of war ere prohibited from having in their possession
or displaying any Fascist emblem, Fascist insignia, or Fascist pictures,
except those appearing in magazines, books, and newspapers provided they
are not removed therefrom.
* * • Personal appearance of prisoners. Prisoners of war (including
members of Italian service units) wiTl be required to keep t^eir hair
trimmed in military style in accordance with paragraph 7, AR lfO-205,
5» Notice of courts»martial. a. Since V-E Day, Switzerland has
ceased to act as protecting~power in the interest of German prisoners
of war held by the United States.
b. In the event of a general or special court martial of a German
prisoner of war, the notification which was formerly given to the pro­ tecting power under Article 60 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the
Treatment of Prisoners of War is no longer necessary.
c,. Henceforth, German prisoners of war may be tried by general
or special court martial at any convenient date without giving formal
notice comparable to that previously given under Article 60. However,
for the information of the Provost Marshal General, a copy of the
charge sheet should be forwarded to the Provost Marshal General's Office
prior to the trial if time permits* In any event, after the trial a
statement will be forwarded to the Provost Marshal General giving the
time and place of trial, the charges and specifications, the sentence
of the court, the action of the reviewing authority, and the designated
place of confinement. A copy of the record also will be forwarded to
the Provost Marshal General's Office.
6. The provisions of this circular will not apply to members of the
Italian service units unless specifically stated,
(SPX 383.6 (9 Jun ^5)SIMGO)
(Minimum distribution: All PW camps; Italian service units)
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL:
OFFICIAL: J. A, X3LIO Major General The Adjutant General
&eR. LUTES
Major General, GSC
Chief of Staff

- 7 -

(ASF Cir. 236)
(Sec. VII - Part Two)

ASF CIRCULAR ) No. 238 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C.t 2 5 June 1945

VIII* OFFICE OF DEPUTY CHIEF OF STAFF FOR SERVICE COMMANDS.
1. Pending appropriate revision of ASF Manual M 301, the following
changes in the functions assigned to the Deputy Chief of Staff for
Service Commands are effective immediately:

£• The supervision of Headquarters. Italian Service Units, is
transferred from the Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands to the
Provost Marshal General. The Commanding General of Italian Service Units
will henceforth report to the Provost Marshal General.
&• The Provost Marshal General will report to the Commanding General
through the Chief of Staff, ASF, rather than through the Deputy Chief of
Staff for Service Commands.

BY COMMAND OF GIHSRAL S0MER7ELL:

LeR. LUTES
Major General, GSC
Chief of staff

OFFICIAL:
J. A. ULIO
Major General
The Adjutant General

ASF CIRCULAR) M O j 2 b
>

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 5 July 19*+5
Section

PART ONE (Not used)
"PART_TVO
STOCK CONTROL—Sec. V, ASF Cir. 155, 19^5, rescinded CIVILIAN PERSONNEL--Supervisory training-CONFERENCE--Representatives of special training,-units;
Fort Leavenworth, Kans,-, • „.,_.^.PRISONER OF WAR--Short-wave.radio receprtion for German
^ and Italian prisoners TROOPS—Reports of movements * ASF PUBLICATIONS--Rescinded «­ — CIVILIAN"PERSONNEL--Report on Civilian experts and consultants discontinued ­-

I
II
HI
IV V VI VII

PART

T W O

(Limited application -~ special distribution)
1. STOCK CONTROL. 1. Effective immediately section V, ASF Circular
155, 19^5, is rescinded.
2, The provisions of paragraph h, TM 38-220, Stock Control Manual
for Stations, May 19^5, remain fully in effect for all elements of stock
control at posts, camps, and stations.
(SPX 300,7' (2 Jul ^5)SPDDI)
(Minimum distribution: Class. I,and II installations; all depots)
II. CIVILIAN PERSONNEL. 1. Reference is made to section I, ASF
Circular 167, 19^5. Materials used in supervisory training will be
procured as follows:
a. The following material will be ordered from adjutant general
depot's by the following WD AGO Form numbers:
(1) Job Instruction Training.
(a) On-the-job supervision card . . . . 838
(b) Supervisor's certificate 839

(£) Kit
(d) Instruction card
(e) Breakdown sheet (f) Timetable
. 1 . •

fh

(ASF Cir. 258]i
(Sec. I, II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 2^8)
(Sec. II, I H - Part Two)

(2) Job Relations Training.
la) Supervisor's certificate . . . . 837
(b) Kit . 843
(G) Instruction card 8^9
(3) Job Methods Training. The Job Methods Training material
has been revised and the same material will be- /used for
both shop and office groups.
(a) Proposal sheet 835
[b) Supervisor's certificate . . . . 8U0
[G) Kit . . . . , . 8U2
fd) Instruction card 8^7
(e) Breakdpwn sheet . . . . . . . $50
(f) Brass cards (requisition by title) Unnumbered
(g) Copper cards (requisition by title) Unnumbered
(k) Trainer's certificate for Job Instruction,
Job Relations, and Job Methods Training
programs . 8^5
(Kits contain all the necessary printed material for
one 10-hour training program or one Trainer Institute.
Use only one kit for each group. Items in the kit
which are in general demand have been assigned separate
WD AGO form numbers. If additional copies of these
items are needed, they should be requisitioned from the
adjutant general depots by their WD AGO form numbers.)
tK Requests for Job Methods Training demonstration kits, consist­ ing of jigs, fixtures, stamp, stamp pad, and stapling machines, will be
submitted to this headquarters, Attention: Industrial Personnel Divi­ sion, by the headquarters office of the, service, command, technical serv­ ice, or staff division concerned.
c_. Supervisory training manuals for Job-Instruction, Job Relations,
and Job Methods Training are available only through the Industrial Perp
sonnel Division, Headquarters ASF. Requisitions, for these manuals will
be forwarded through channels.
d. Job Instruction Training film strips, Job Relations Training
film strips, and projector-reproducer equipment will be procured as di­ rected in section V, ASF Circular kO&} 19kh'.
2. ASF CP Memorandum 92, 12 November 19^3, is rescinded.
{SEX, 230.1*37 (2 Jul 45)SPGCC)
( i o n : Class I, II, and IV" installations)
III. CONFERENCE. 1. Announcement, a. A conference of service
command representatives concerned with special training units will be
held at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, on 8, 9, and 10 August

b. The conference is under the direction and supervision of the
Director of Military Training, Army Service Forces, vho will coordinate
all matters pertaining thereto, Representatives of the Assistant Chief
of Staff, G-3, WDGS; Headquarters, Army Ground Forces; Control Division,
ASF;. Military Personnel Division, ASF; and The Adjutant General's Office
t"(plassifi.cation and Replacement Branch, Personnel Research Section) have
Veen invited to attend the conference.
2. Purpose. The purpose of the conference is %o indoctrinate key
service command and special training unit personnel with current testing,
training, and assignment procedures in special training unite.
3« Attendance .^a. A representative of the Director of Military
Training ,ia the First, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, and
Ninth Service Commands will attend. The officer selected should be the
© n . * t who normally supervises and inspects special training activities.
b. The commanding officer of the S-3-, and the educational super­ visor in eaoh of the special training untts listed below will attend:
Fort Devena., Massachusetts
Holabird Signal Depot, Baltimore, Maryland
Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania
Fort.Banning, Georgia
Fort Bragg, Noirth Carolina
Camp Shelby, Mississippi
Camp Atterbury, Indiana
Fort Sheridan, Illinois
Camp Ellis, Illinois
Fort Leavenwofcth, Kansas
Camp Chaf £ee, Arkansas
Fort Bliss, Texas
Fort Sam Houston,' Texas
Camp McQuaide, California
lu Time of arrival. Officers designated to attend the Conference
in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 3 will arrange their
itineraries t« arrive at Fort Leavenworth, Kanass, not later than 2000,
7 August 19^5. They will notify the Commanding General, Fort Leavenworth,
Kansas, not later than 23 July 19^5, of the expected means of travel and
time and place of arrival.
(SPX 337 (3 Jul ^5)SPTRP) . ,.,
(M|nimum distribution; Special training, units listed in par. ;>£;
IV. PRISONERS WAR. German and Italian-prisoners of war will be
permitted to possess and operate radio sets capable of receiving

. 3 -

(ASF C*r. 258)
(Sec. Ill, IV— Part Two)

(Se«< I V W - Part Two)
short-wave radio signals as well as standard broadcast radio receivers.
Japanese prisoners of war may possess and operate only standard broad­ -caart^radio receivers incapable of short-wave radio reception. No pris­ oneriQf war jtnay possess a radio transmitting •set. rof -any kind,, Para­ graph >9h, section V U I , Chapter 2, TM 19-500, is being amended
accordingly,
(SEX 383*6 (k Jul ^5)SPMGX)
(Minimum.distribution; All PW camps)
•Y. TROOPS.-. I....Purpose.'- The purpose of this--.circular is to -im­ plement ;troop mov^nent~;nc>tifioatlon»^an(3. 'reporting: procedures, as es^r*
. ifor the informa­ tabliahed'In the following {War- Department publications > tion -and guidance-o£ .all* ASX agencies qoiicernedvWitfc- these proceiii£e-s,
a. WD publication, Annex B (First Revision), Redeployment Move­ mentsT 20 April: 1-9^5 (pars; 12©('2) and (XI) thereof).
b. Readjustment.-Re^u^aiiitms 1-2, 11 April 19^5 (pars. 31, ^0, 53,
5^, and 55:.thea?eof).
c. . Section:jy,>\f&':rCircular 358, 1 9 ^ .
Movement From Ports
2. Movement of groups ?to personnel centers. a. Based upon ves­ sel embarkation reports.indicating the impending return'of Category H
and Category IV/^unlts.(broken dcrwm by reception stations), and all
reception .stations and temporary duty groups organized overseas, port
commanders will,,,-by telegraph or teletypewriter, notify appropriate
personnel center coicmander-s of movements destined for the centers.
This notification will include the code designation, expected date of
arrival at the personnel center, and the strength of each group,
.^treingth will be .broken down by of f icer ^nd enlisted
will 2-ndicate- female; and Negro personnel, • In .cases ^
reports .are not, received, such as for personnel; returnejii by ^air ;who are
moved to .port staging areasj these notifications will.be; made: at jthe.
earliest possible .time after formation of jJer-sionnel:Into ^groups.'
br. .Unless -the personnel* center -fionnnander->; within- c8^ hours of.
receipt of the above notification, informs the port commander that spe­ .cif^.q .grouper reported • cannot, be receiived 01? tihe; :!^exfiected 4ate" given,
clearance fora movementto'the personnel, .center: rwi 11 fqu^omatJbrcaOrlsg. ?fe&::
assumed T^,;the:-portr,vcoinmander.
£. In each case where the port commander is informed that a per­ sonnel r .center cannot, receive groups, on an "expected date," immediate
report .will: be., made by telephcmerby'the port ..commander .tP. the Chief -.p^
Transpprjtsatton (Movements.: Division) who, in conjunotipn ^4th the Di^r­ rector.,- Mobtli^&tJ.on {pdvision, -ASFy/wtll issue appropriate, instruptiona
of,;-the groupa %

RESTRICTED

ASF CIRCULAR) No. 259 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D» C , 5 July

PART ONE (Not used)
PART W O
PRISONER OF WAR--Nationals of countries other than Germany held
as German prisoners of war
PART THREE (Not used)

PRISONER OF WAR. 1. All German prisoners of war will " b e informed
that those who claim to " b e citizens of any nation other than Germany,
as constituted prior to 1 March 1938t should make such claims known to
the commanding officer of the installation wherein they are interned.
2. The commanding officers of the installations concerned will
prepare lists (Reports Control Symbol MGO-OT-71) containing the names
of all such prisoners together with their ranks and internment serial
numbers. The prisoners of war will be listed " b y nationality with the
names arranged alphabetically within each nationality group. These
lists will " b e forwarded direct to the Office of the Provost Marshal
General not later than 1 August 19^5 accompanied "byany information or
remarks the'installation commander may have concerning the authenticity
of the prisoners' assertions.
3. This information is desired in order to facilitate the ultimate
repatriation of these prisoners of war.
(SPX 383.6 (29 Jun 1*5)SPMGO)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations; PW
camps)
BY COMMAND OF GENERAL SOMERVELL:

OFFICIAL: EDWARD F. WITSELL Brigadier General Acting The Adjutant General

LeR. LUTES
Lieutenant General, GSC
Chief of Staff

- 1 RESTRICTED

(ASF Cir. 259)

25-^9357-3800

ASF CIRCULAR) Wo - 2 6
° )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 6 July

Section
PART ONE (Not used)
PART TWO
PRISONER OF WAR--Work relating to war operations I
PRISONER OF WAR--Mot ion pictures and books at camps II
REPAIRS AND UTILITIES--Sec. IV, ASF Cir. 128, 19^5, amendedIII
MILITARY PRISONER--Procedure for correctional classification
in rehabilitation centers and disciplinary barracks IV
ENLISTED PERSONNEL--Priorities for assignment to ZI
installations V
PART THREE
SECURITY--PMG letter rescinded VI
SALVAGE--Mess gear and kitchenware -VII
STORAGE SPACE--At depots for industrial storage useVIII

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
— —T
1. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Upon the termination of hostilities in
Europe and the denunciation by Japan of the Tripartite Pact of 2
September 19^0, Article 31 of the Geneva Convention relative to pris­ oners of war ceased to be applicable to the work of Italian and German
prisoners of war. Accordingly, the limitations of Article 31 of the
Geneva Convention on work relating to war operations, and the inter­ pretation of Article 31 given in paragraph 10a., b, and c, Chapter 5, TM
19-500, are not now applicable to Italian and German prisoners of war
but are still applicable to Japanese prisoners of war.
2. Approval of the Commanding General, Aurmy Service Forces, will
be obtained when prisoners of war (other than Italian service units)
are to be used in the handling of explosives or other dangerous mate­ rials, or of unboxed classified materials, or in such location as would
afford them ready access to such materials. Request for approval will
be directed to the attention of the Provost Marshal General.
(SPX 383.6 (27 Jun ^5)3PMGY)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, III, and IV installations;
PW camps)
II. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Exhibition of motion pictures in camps.
Pending revision of appropriate provisions of TM 19-500, the following
. 1. (ASF Cir. 260)
(Sec.-.I-, II -Part'.Tvo)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 260)
(Sec. II - Part Two)

regulations will be observed. Motion picture films included in the
approved motion picture circuit for showing to prisoners will not be
censored by camp commanders. War Department theaters may not be used
for the purpose of exhibiting motion pictures to prisoners of war unless
specific authorization has been obtained from the Provo3t Marshal General
Paragraph k9±, Section VIII, Chapter 2, TM 19-500, will be amended
accordingly.
2. Books for canteens, a. It is desirable that the following
books in the German language be procured for sale in prisoner of war
campscanteens:
Per Aufstieg Amerikas (Epic of America^)
Blitzlexikon (Dictionary for Quick Information)
Geschichte der Philosophie (History of <. Philosophy)
Weltgeschlcbte (World History) Amcrikakunde (America - Its History, Geography and Civilization) Titles-of additional books will be furnished for addition to this list
as they become available. Purchase orders should be sent by Army ex­ change officers' or assistant executive officers, of prisoner of war
camps d.irect to (the War Prisoners Aid of the. Young Men's Christian
Association,.3V7 Madison Avenue,.New York, N.Y.
b_. German language books, demand for books ^published in the
German language-series "Buecherreihe Neue Welt" (ifew World Book Series)
has so far exceeded expectations that the limited reserve supply is
insufficient to meet requests for additional copies. No more re-orders
for volumes in the current series of 2k can be accepted at present by
the publishers., Remaining reserve stock will be, distributed propor­ tionately among those camps which have not received an allotment beyond
the initial shipment. It is anticipated that the best-selling books al­ ready distributed can be reprinted in the near future. Hereafter the
entire edition of books in this series will be distributed to the field,
and no re-orders will be accepted.
£• English language books. Sale in prisoner of war canteens •
of Infantry Journal English language' publications should be encouraged.
The Infantry Journal recently distributed to prisoner of war camps a
list of English language; "books- available for sale in prisoner of war can­ teens, and a set of 12 of these books for display purposes* In some
cases, these books were-confused with "Euech9rreihe Neue Welt" series
of German language books and orders for them were addressed to Buecher­ reihe Neue Welt, New York City. Attention is directed to paragraph kc,
Prisoner of War Special Projects Letter No. 8, which announced the source
of these English language book3 as the Infantry Journal, 1115 Seventeenth
Street, NW., Washington. D, C.
(SPX 383.6 {k Jul .45)SPMGX)
(Minimum distribution; All base and branch PW camps).
Adams Meyer Windelband Schnabel Fischer

ASF CIRCULAR) ) °' ^

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , U July
Section

PART OWE
ASF PUBLICATIONS--Rescinded PRISONER OF WAR—Penalties for aiding in escape -— PART WO REPAIRS AM) UTILITIES—Organization chart and statement of
functions for post engineers-; . ASF PUBLICATION--Rescinded , . -„ JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15)—Par. 237 added TRAINING FILM--Distributed, or declared obsolete during
June 19^5 ^ ' . „ ,__T RESPONSIBILITIES --Commanding generals of service commands,
--»,-—-— at class IV installations--* — INSTALLATION—Medical Department Enlisted Technicians
School, Atlanta, Ga., discontinued ^---^ SERVICE CONTROL--ASF Cir. 2J9, 19^5, amended -EQUIPMENT--Cancellation of priority ratings for machine
tools and other equipment— , . ^ PART TB&EE
MCLITftKT PRISOHER--Admissions to and transfers from
— disciplinary "barracks- — - < TRANSPORTATION--OLT-QMR unit permitsPART O N E

T
T T
J L
"
HI
jy
V
yj
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII

(General application -- complete distribution)
I. ASF PUBLICATIONS. 1. The ASF circular listed ^elrw 1 5 re­ scinded. The subject matter has been included in other ASF publications
as indicated:

No,

Section II

Reference
Section H I , ASF Circular 71,
Section VII ; ASF Circular 2 ^

(SPX 383.6 (k Jul ^5)SPWBP)
2. Section 1, ASF Circular 10, 1 9 ^ , concerning delay and error in
preparation of receiving reports, is resdinded.
(SPX 161 (27 Jun ^ySPICY)
. 1 . (ASF Cir. 265)
(Sec. I d )

- 2 -

(ASF Cir.-265)
(Sec. II - Part One --
Sec, III, IV, V - Part Two)

II. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Attention is directed to the provisions
of the act.'of 30 April 19^5 (Public Law 47 79th Cong.), as published
in section III, WD Bulletin 7,
2. The term "prisoner of war" used in the act referred to above
includes members of Italian service units.
3. Military personnel should report to the local office of the
Federal Bureau of Investigation any information which tends to Indicate
violation of the statute by a civilian. Information tending to indicate
violations by military personnel ahould be reported to the appropriate
military commander for investigation, and, if warranted by facts, for
prosecution under the appropriate article or articles of war.
(SPX 383.6 (30 Juri 1+5)SPMGO)

PART (Limited application ~

T W O
special distribution)

III. REPAIRS AND UTILITIES. The inclosed model organization chart
{llieir5~4^S3i4~s^i^£3^^ 2) have been
adopted for the guidance of post commanders and post engineers in organs
Izing and carrying out the post engineer's activities at class I, II,
and IV Installations within the continental United States. This organ­ ization will be put into effect at the earliest practicable date. Minor
deviations will be permitted, when justifiable, to allow flexibility
for consideration of size of post and qualification of personnel.
(SPX 020 (6 Jun **5)SPEGY)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
IV. ASF PUBLICATION:. The ASF circular listed.below, which has
accomplished its purpose or for other reasons is no longer applicable,
Is rescinded:..
No. Section Year

213 III: 19^5
(SPX 383.6 (k Jul 45)SPVHP)
(Minimum distribution: All depots)
V. JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15). The War Production
Board has issued, under date of 21 June 19^5, its amended Directive No.
U0. In order to put this amended directive .into effect the Joint TermlO
nation Regulation (PR 15) is amended, effective immediately, by the

ASF CIRCULAR) No - 2 7°
)

HEADQUARTERS ARMY" SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , Ik July
Section

PART ONE
FISH—Sec. I, ASF Cir. 191, 19^5, rescinded ­ I
PART TWO
CONVALESCENT RECONDITIONING PROGRAM--Personnel; sec. II,
ASF Cir. 73, 1 9 * J i f , eonended II
PRISONER OF WAR—Red Cross signs to " b e placed on certain
railroad cars transferring PW patients-> III
PRISONER OF WAR--Censorship of domestic mail ­ IV
PRISONER OF WAR--Amendment to surety "bond furnished by
employers of PW labor V
HOSPITAL--Medical records for patients transferred to
convalescent hospitals VI
INSTALLATION--Dayton Signal Meteorological Depot, Dayton,
Ohio, discontinued 1 Sept. 191*5 VII
SUPPLY—AAF purchase request and reporting procedures VIII
PART THREE
EQUIPMENT--Adequate backlog for quartermaster fifth-echelon
shops IX
SUPPLY—ASF Cir. 228, 19^5, amended--­ X
MILITARY TRAINING, ASF--Designation of Director, School
Division XI
STORAGE SPACE--Space factors used in estimating surplus
nonmilitary property storage requirements XII
TRAVEL--Reduction XIII
TRAINING- -Operating personnel XIV
RENEGOTIATION--Extension of Renegotiation Act XV
PART O N E

(General application -- complete distribution)
I. FISH. Section I, ASF Circular 191, 19^5, concerning the han­ dling of fish, is rescinded. (See Changes 1, TM 10-215, Sales Commissary
Operation.)
(SPX 431 (25 Jun

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
II. CONVALESCENT RECONDITIONING PROGRAM. Paragraphs 3 and- k, section
JI ASF Circular 73, 1 9 ^ , are rescinded and the following substituted
therefor: _ j _. (ASF c l r > 270)
(Sec. I - Part One--
Sec. II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 270)
(Sec, II, III - Part Two)

3« a. Convalescent reconditioning is recognized " b y The Surgeon
General as a major medical service.
b« Since convalescent reconditioning is a comparatively new form
of therapeutics, it is of paramount importance that prescribing medical
officers receive proper guidance and supervision in the employment
thereof in order to assure cognizance of the objectives, principles,
and limitations which must govern its use.in the treatment of convales­ cent patients. In addition officers, enlisted personnel, and civilians
engaged in the actual administration of the reconditioning program re­ quire professional medical guidance to assure familiarity with and
proper employment of established reconditioning principles and techniques
c , , Experience indicates that in the interests of decentralization
and efficiency of operation such professional supervision and guidance
can best be provided through the assignment of a qualified consultant
to the headquarters of each service command as an assistant to the serv­ ice command surgeon.
&, In accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2d> WD Circular
J.9^, and at the request or concurrence of the Commanding Qeneral
of the service command concerned, The Surgeon General -will appoint a
properly qualified Medical Corps officer to serve .as. reconditioning con­ sultant in each service command headquarters. The commanding general
of each service command may designate such additional military and
civilian personnel as he may deem necessary to assist the reconditioning
consultant in carrying out his mission.
4. Commanding generals of service commands and the commanding
general, Military District of Washington, are responsible for the train­ ing and assignment to hospitals of officer, enlisted, and civilian
personnel necessary for the successful prosecution of the convalescent
reconditioning program, as prescribed in current. W a r , . . Department and
Army ServiGe Forces publications.
(3PXJ01 (9 Jul 45)SPMCH)
(Minimum distribution: ASF hospitals; School for- Personnel
Services, Lexington, Va.; Medical Field Service School, Car­ lisle Barracks, Pa.; School for Physical Reconditioning
Instructors, Fort Lewis, Wash.)
III-. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. When railroad equipment, other than
Army-owned hospital cars is furnished for the transfer of prisoner of
war patients, steps will be taken to prepare the equipment in the
following manner in order that the public will be informed that the
prisoners of war are classified as patients:
a« When a railroad car other than an Army-owned hospital car
i3 used in effecting the transfer of prisoner of war patients, Red
Cross signs will be placed on the inside of the middle window on each
side of the car and on the inside of each door window to the car.

b. These Red Cross signs will " b e made oftfhitepaper, paste "board,
or cardboard material with a large Red Cross in the center of the sign
and the word "hospital" appearing above the Red Cross and the word' "car"
appearing below the Red Cross in black letters. The dimensions of
these sighs are to be such as to fit the ordinary railroad car window
and door window on each end of the car.
£. When a prisoner of war patient is transferred in a compartment,
drawing room, bedroom, or roomette, a sign as described above, with the
exception of the word "car," in proportionate dimensions will be placed
on the exterior side of the compartment, drawing room, bedroom, or
roomette.
2. The commanding officer of the installation at which the transfer
of the prisoner of war patient is initiated will be responsible for-­ a. Providing and placing the sign described above on the railroad
equipment furnished in effecting the transfer,
b. Instructing the guard, personnel that in no event will any.chalk,
paint, or other material be used that will deface or damage the railroad
equipment.
£. Instructing the guard personnel to remove the sign from such
railroad equipment upon completion of Journey.
(SPX 383.6 (12 Jul V?)SPMGO)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, and IV installations includ*
ing W camps)(
IV. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. The War Department has received informa­ tion that domestic mail of prisoners of war is still being routed through
the Office of Censorship. Attention is directed to ASF Circular 195,
I9I4-5, which directs that after 13 June 19^5 the commanding generals of
service commands and of the Military District of Washington perform such
censorship of dozaeetio mail as they deem necessary in the interest of
the United States. Domestic mail of prisoners of war should no longer
be routed through the district postal censor.
2. The camp commander may exercise his discretion in censoring
prisoner of war domestic mail. The strictness with which this mail is
censored should depend upon the conditions which exist at the camp. If
the prisoners of war are cooperative and censorship of the mail reveals
that the letters are innocuous, a spot check will be adequate in the
future. : If the prisoners of war are noncooperativey and censorship re­ veals that the letters and cards are objectionable, their mail should be
more strictly censored in the future.
3, Particular care should be exercised in the censorship of mail
other" than that referred to in paragraph k to make certain that prisoners
do not make statements at variance with the facts concerning their treat­ ment by United States Army personnel, or concerning the quantity or
quality of their food.
- 3 - (ASF Cir. 270)
(Sec. Ill, IV - Part Two)

- k -

(ASF Cir. 270)
(Sec. IV, V, VI - Part Two)

^. The attention of camp commanders of prisoner of war camps is
particularly directed to the provisions of paragraph 78, section XIII,
Chapter 2, TM 19-500, which prohibit the dispatch of letters and cards of
prisoners which contain complaints or criticisms of conditions of intern­ ment unless they are addressed to the Army military authorities or to the
protecting power. In the^ case of Italian prisoners of war, the functions
of the protecting power have been assumed ~oy the Italian Embassy; in the
case of German prisoners of war, its functions have largely "been assumed
by the.International Committee of the Eed Cross.
5. Regulations contained in the above paragraphs do not apply to
members of Italian service units.
(SPX 383.6 (7 Jul ^5)SPMG0)
(Minimum distribution: PW camps)
V, PRISONER OF WAR. Whenever a surety "bond is given by employers of
prisoner of war labor under the provisions of paragraph 75; section XVIII,
chapter 5, IM 19-500, U..VS. Standard Form 25 (Revised), titled "Perform­ ance Bond," will " b e used with the following changes made therein:
1. Delete the words ?f (CONSTRUCTION OR SUPPLY)" appearing "below the
words "PERFORMANCE BOND" at the top of page 1.
2. At the bottom of the large space in the middle of page 1 and
just before ;the paragraph beginning "NOW THEREFORE" insert the following:
and whereas paragraph 7 of such contract provides that the 'principal
shall furnish security to guarantee the satisfactory settlement of
accounts due for labor furnished under the provisions of the contract.
3. In the paragraph at the bottom of page 1 which begins with "NOW
THEREFORE" insert in line 2 before the word "during" and also, in line 6
following the word "contract" the words "relating to settlement of ac­ counts due for labor furnished," so that the paragraph reads:
"NOW THEREFORE, If the principal shall well and truly perform and
fulfill all the undertakings, covenants, terms, conditions, and agree­ ments of said contract relating to settlement of accounts due for
labor furnished, during the original term of said contract and any
extensions thereof that may be granted by the Government, with or
without notice to the surety, and during the life of any guaranty re­ quired under the contract, and, shall also well and truly perform and
fulfill all the undertakings, covenants, terms, conditions, and, agree­ ments of any and all duly authorized modifications of said contract
relating to settlement of accounts due for labor furnished, that may
hereafter be made, notice of which modifications to. the „surety being
hereby waived, then, this obligation to be void; otherwise to remain
in full force and virtue.
(SPX 383.6 (10 Jul ^5)SPKG0)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, and IV installations,
including PW camps)
VI. HOSPITAL. 1. The records accompanying patients transferred to
convalescent hospitals from medical installations in the zone of the in­ ter lor ard frequently inadequate and incomplete. As a result, the medical
officers in the convalescent hospital are forced to spend considerable time

ASF CIRCULAR) No - 2 73
)

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 16 July
Section

PART ONE)
CONTAINER--Sec. I, ASF Cir. 177, 19^5, amended—SCHOOL--Special Services Course, School For Personnel
Services, Lexington, Va. PART 1WO
INSTALLATION --PW camps, Brady, Tex., and Tonkawa, Ckla.;
and Carletrom Field, Fla., surplus category PROCUREMENT ASSIGNMENT BOARD--Weekly report • PRISONER OF WAR--Distribution of handbook for supervisors
of labor, M 811 — — ---FORMS—Sec. VI, ASF Cir. 268, 19^5, amended ORDNANCE--Arcmun.ition Branch, Small Arms Division, Indus­ trial Service, 0C0, transferred to Washington--PART T5RSE
SECURITY-"Classification of certain reports downgraded SUPPLY CONTROL--Revision of list of principal items,
ASF Cir, 127, 19^5 -

I
II

III
IV
V
TTI
VII
VIII
IX

PART (General application

O N E
complete distribution)

I. CONTAINER. Section 1, ASF Circular 177, 19^5 is amended by
adding paragraph 3> a s follows:
3. Factory or depot packed containers which are marked "Export
Packed," "Packed for Export/' "MVP" (moisture vapor proof pack), or with
an equivalent marking will not be opened for purposes of making the
certification required by paragraph lla(6) and Appendix M of POM, third
edition. Specifications for processing and packing containers which are
to be so marked require that all fuels be drained. The certification,
therefore, will be nade on the basis of an inspection of those markings
rather than on the basis of an inspection of the contents of the
container.
(SPX 400.16 (12 Jul l±5)SPM0T)
II. SCHOOL. Effective 17 July 19^5, the name of the Athletic and
Recreation Coiirse, School for Personnel Services, Lexington, Virginia, is
changed to Special Services Course, and will continue to be conducted at
the same installation,
(SPX 352 (7 J^l ^5)SPAP)
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 273)
(Sec. I, II - Part One)

- 2 P A R T T W O

(ASF Cir. 273) (Sec. I l l , IV - Part Two)

(Limited application _ _ special distribution)
III. ITSSTAUATION. 1. The War Department lias placed the Prisoner
of War Camps at Brady, Texas, and Tontaava, Oklahoma, in the category of
surplus, effective as of 28 June ari& 29 Juae
2* Effective as of 3 July 1S&5, the War Department has placed
Carlstrom Field, Arcadia, Florida, in the category of surplus.
.(SPX 602 (8 Jun 45) (18 Jun ^5)SPM0C)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
IV. PROCUREMEMT ASSIGNMENT BOARD. The Procurement Assignment
Board reports that responsibilities for procurement as set forth below
for the following items were assigned to the service or services in­ dicated, and that maintenance responsibility (as defined in sec, IV,
ASF Cir. 224, 19^1-) for .these- iteras was assigned to the service charged
with responsibility for storage and issue (excluding items assigned for
Btorege and issue to the Army Air Forces), Assignments of responsibility
for storage, issue, and maintenance were not made by the Procurement As­ signment Board, but are included herein at the request of, and as
prescribed by, the responsible agencies.

i>2?£*

1. Week ending 9 June
Band Saw TL-I78 SC Barge, Dry Cargo, Non-Propelled,
Steel, 210', Design 230 TC Bombsight, Type M-9A AAF. AAF Bombsight, Type M-9B QMC Case, Brief, Canvas Converter Attachment AN/GSA-2( ) SC Flare, Towed, Red, M?7 Ord Flare, Towed, Amber, M78 t>rd Ord Flare, Towed, Green, M79 TC Hospital Berths Kit, Dual Control, for Car, 5-Passen-/
Ord ger, ^x2, Light Sedan / •AAF Kit, Sea Rescue, Type PP-1 J QMC Liner, Plastic, Tray, Serving f SC Oven HD-20( )/F SC O w n ED-21( )/F AAF Raft, Pneumatic, Type C-2A SC Record Set AN/GNQ-ll( ) SC Sector. Scan Kit M

Funds

I Pur. Insj

S&I
SC
TC
AAF
AAF
QMC
SC
Ord
Ord
Ord
TC
Ord

SC TC

SC TC AAF AAF QMC SC Ord Ord Ord TC Ord AAJ? SC SC AAF SC SC

SG TC AAF AAF

SC TC AAF AAF QMC'i SC Ord Ord Ord TC Ord AAF QMC SC SC AAF SC SC

AAF
AAF. QMC SC Ord Ord Ord TC Ord AAF Msd SC SC

QMC
SC Ord Ord Ord

TC
Ord AAF QMC SC SC AAF SC SC

AAF
Med SC SC

£AF
SC SC

AAF
SC SC

Spec* , Eeqs, Funds Week ending 9 June 1945. (Cont'd)
Sieve, Mesh, Set of 5 Sight, Gun, Type K-14B Tent, Command Post, M-19^5 Trainer, Bombing, Type A-6 Trainer, Bombing, Type A-7 Trainer, Instrument Flying and Landing,
Type C-8 Water Distillation Equipment, Skid
Mounted Unit, Thermocompression Type,
3000 GPD, Set Wo. 3
2

Pur. Med AAF

Insp. S&I
Med AAF QMC
AAF AAF AAF Eng Med
AAF
AAF
AAF

Med AAF QMC

Med

Med

AAF QMC
AAF AAF AAF Eng

AAF
AAF AAF Eng

AAF QMC AAF AAF
AAF Eng

QMC
AAF AAF AAF Eng

mo

AAF
Eng

Week ending 16 June 1945•

Cable, Detonating, Mine Clearing,
Antipersonnel, M~l Eng Eng Eng Eng Eng Eng
Camera, Recording, Type D-9 AAF AAF AAF AAF AAF AAF
Control, Camera, Recording, Type P-2 AAF AAF AAF AAF AAF
AAF Gun, Subcaliber, 37mm, M15 Ord Ord Ord
Ord Ord Ord Gun> Subcaliber, 37nim, Ml6 Ord Ord Ord Ord Ord
Ord Jacket, Flying, Intermediate, Type
AAF AAF AAF AAF
AAF B-15B AAF AAF AAF AAF
AAF Kit, Repair, Glasses, Type QQ-1 AAF AAF launch, Passenger, Wood, Gasoline,
TC TC TC TC TC TC
36 f , Design 382 QMC Liner, Helmet, M-l, Crash QMC QMC QMC QMC QM*2
Litter Securing Strap, M-2 Med Med Med Med Med Med
AAF AAF Machmeter, Type A-l AAF AAF AAF AAF
Ord Ord Ord Ord Ord
Ord Mount, Subcaliber, Caliber, *50, M17 Med Med
Med Med Med Med Progesterone, 6 Ampules SC SC SC . SC
Shutter Assembly AH/GVA-l( ) SC SC Med Med Med
Table, Operating, Folding, M-2 Med Med Med Tanker, Liquid Cargo, Steel, Diesel,
TC
TC TC TC TC TC kkjO Barrels, 162 1 , Design 286 AAF AAF- AAF
AAF AAF AAF Trainer, Aerial Gunnery, Type E-14B AAF AAF
AAF AAF AAF AAF Trainer, Bombing, Type A-5 t Truck, 3/4-ton, 4x4, Command, Weapons
Carrier, w/wn Ord Ord Ord Ord Ord Ord
Tug, Wood, Diesel, 150 Horsepower,
k6', Design 410 TC TC TC TC TC TC
Tug, Wood, Gasoline, 108,Horsepower,
TC TC
46', Design 410 TC TC TC TC QMC Med
QMC Med Med QMC Undershirt, Infant's,"Size 2 Water Purification Equipment, Diatomite,
Portable. 35 GPM, Set No. 3 Eng Eng Eng Eng Eng Eng
(SPX 400.402 (12 Jul 45)SPPPA)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, III, and IV installations)
- 3 (ASF Cir. 273)
(Sec. IV - Part Two)

- k -

(ASF Cir. 273).
(Sec. V, VI, VII - Part Two ­ Sec.VIII - Part Three)

V, PRISONER OF WAR. 1. In general, maximum utilization of prisoner
of war labor has not been accomplished. In order to Increase the produc­ tion of prisoner labor, special training in the use pf proper techniques
in supervising prisoners of yar'vill be provided all personnel having such
responsibility in military work,
2. A Handbook for Work Supervisors on Supervision of Prisoner of War
Labor, ASF Manual M 811, July I9U5, will be available for distribution on
or about 25 July. This handbook will not be distributed without a planned
group discussion of its contents with the heads of the using agencies and
the supervisors of prisoner of war labor (those who either have or will
have a detaijL of prisoners assigned to them). Such group discussions
should be planned and conducted by the post, camp, or station commander
with the assistance and guidance 0: the prisoner of war camp commander
or his representative. Such discussion meetings should also provide ample
opportunity for supervisors to bring up and discuss special supervisory
problems in connection with prisoner of war labor.
(SPX 583.6 (4 Jul 45)SPM}0)
(Minimum distribution; All PW camps)
VI. FORNB. So much of section VI, ASF Circular 268, 19^5, as pertains
to minimum distribution is changed to read: Class I, II, and IV '
inatallations.
(SPX 315 ( * * • Jul ^5)MP-M)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
VII. ORDNANCE, 1. Effective 1 August 19^5, the Ammunition Branch,'
Small Arms Division, Industrial Service, Office of the Chief of Ordnance,
will be discontinued at N. W, Ayer Building, West Washington Square,
Philadelphia, Pa., and concurrently reestablished in the Office, of the
Chief of Ordnance, The Pentagon, Washington 25, D.C.
2. Subsequent to the above date, all correspondence and other matters
addredsed to this agency will be directed to the Office of the Chief of
Ordnance, Industrial Service, Small Arms Division, Ammunition Branch
(Attention: SPOIS),
(SPX 321 (11 Jul ^5)SPMOC)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, III, and IV installations)

PART

T H R E E

hqf service commands)

(Hq, ASF; technical servr ^eB;

VIII. SECURITY. Authority is hereby granted for the downgrading in
'classification from SECRET to RESTRICTED of The Inspector General's
Overseas. Readiness Status Reports and all correspondence incident
thereto,"file IG 333.1, WDSIG 333,1, or SPTRR 333.3, inclusive dates
from 1 January 19^3 to 31 December l$k-k „
(SPX 312.1 (13 Jun ^5)SPTRR)

ASF CIRCULAR) N ° . 276 )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 19 July
Section

PART ONE (Not used)
PART TWO
PRISONER OF WAR--Personnel guarding ­ INSTALLATION--Part of Camp Reynolds, Pa., surplus categoryINSTALLATION—Storage facility, Oyster Point, Vaf vASSIGNMENT—Sec. II, ASF Cir. 69, 19U5, amended -— TRAINING—Returnees at ASF training centers SEPARATION CENTER—Orientation and employment counseling
for railroad work--­ PROCUREMENT ASSIGNMENT BOARD- -Weekly report— ­ WORK SIMPLIFICATION- -Program- — ­ PART THREE
ASF PUBLICATION--Rescinded MESSAGE CENTER--Office of Director of Military Training,
change in location RENEGOTIATION—Termination claims • • REPORT—V-J Day requirements for storage of surplus
property — LABOR MARKET AREA—Classification; ASF Cir. 252, I9I+5,
amended :—" i­ DIRECTOR OF SUPPLY—Assigned FISCAL ACCOUNTING—Procedures contained in draft of
TM 14-710; pilot stations —

I
II
Ill
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV

PART (Limited application —

T W O
special distribution)

1. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Personnel used as guardstforprisoners
of war will be screened carefully before assignment to that duty, and
individuals whose medical history indicates any type of psychoneurosis
or psychosis will not be assigned to that duty. Individuals presently
assigned as guards for prisoners of war whose history indicates any
type of psychoneurosis or psychosis will be relieved as rapidly as
necessary replacements beoome available.
2, Section XI, ASF Circular 263, 19^5, is rescinded.
(SPX 383.6 (16 Jul 45)SPGAC)
(Minimum distribution: PW camps)
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 276)
(Sec, I - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 276)
(Sec. II, III, IV - Part Two)

II. INSTALLATION. Effective as of 3 July 19^5, the War Depart­ ment has placed Camp Reynolds, Pennsylvania, with the exception of the
areas described in 1, 2, and 3 below, in the category of surplus.
\c The area bounded on the north, the east and the west by the
reservation boundary line and on the south by 7th Street.
2, Building No, 1495 together with the area and appurtenant
facilities,
3. Portion of the Station Hospital to accommodate 56 patients.
(SPX 680.1 (10 Jul lj-5)SPMOCj_
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
III. INSTALLATION. Effective 1 August 19^5, the Hampton Roads
Back-up Storage Facility, Oyster Point, Virginia, is transferred from
the Jurisdiction of the Chief of Transportation and the immediate con­ trol of Hampton Roads Port of Embarkation, and is designated.as a sub­ depot7 of the Nansemond Ordnance Depot, Portsmouth, Virginia, a class
IV installation under the jurisdiction of the Chief of Ordnance.
(SPX 323.3 (13 Jul.^5)SPMOC)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
IV- ASSIGNMENT.. Paragraph 11, section II, ASF Circular 69, 19^5,
is rescinded and .the following substituted, therefor;
11« a. In furtherance of the policy concerning physical
requirements.established in paragraphs ka. and 7, WD letter (AGPR-I
327.31 (23 Dec kk)), k January 19^5, it must be borne in mind by all
concerned ..that individuals inducted under the provisions of that
letter presumably have been physically capable of earning a living-
in civilian, industry. Therefore, prior to initiating any action
leading.to discharge for physical disability,ievery effort must be
made„to find an assignment for. which the individual Is' Qualified.
However, discharges under the provisions, of AR 615-361 are not
prohibited in the.case of those individuals, who, during their initial
training period at Camp Ellis, .Illinois, and prior to" assignment, have
demonstrated clearly, after a reasonable period of observation, that
they-- "
:{!•)• Are so severely incapacitated as to prohibit any
reasonable type of physical activity, or
(2) Have defects which are progressive or prone to com­ plication or aggravation in the military service, or
(3) Are physically unable to participate in the military
program established for this -group-.

ASF CIRCULAR) No * 2 T9
)

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 21 July
Section

PART ONE (Not used)
PAET TWO
JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15)- -Amended INSTALLATION- -Maynard Back-up Storage Area REPORT— Monthly Depot Space and Operating Report— ENLISTED MEN--Sec. I, ASF Cir. 171, 19^5, amended PRISONER OF. WAR--Forwarding of mail SHIPMENT—ASF Cir. 15^, 19^5, amended* PART THREE
PROMOTION--Recovered enlisted personnel under joint Army-
Navy agreement— CANOL PROJECT—Transfer of jurisdiction FORMS--Numbering of intra-Bervice and intra-office formsORGANIZATION, ASF--Certain directors announced -PAET T ¥ 0
(Limited application — special distribution)

I
II
III
IT
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X

I. JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15). 1. Effective im­ mediately, paragraph 86k.k(l), Joint Termination Regulation (PR 15),
is amended "by adding subparagraph (h) as follows:
(h) No item of plant equipment will "be disposed of to the Aluminum
Company of America or to any of its subsidiaries unless such
disposal is first approved in writing "by the Surplus Property
Board. This restriction is made as a result of the issuance
of Surplus Property Board Regulation 6, Amendment 2, 6 July 19^5 •
2» This amendment, which is concurred in by. the Navy Department,
will be published in an early revision of the Joint Termination Regula­ tion (PR 15). Upon publication of such revision, paragraph 1 above will
be deemed to be superseded.
(SPX 500.8 (20 July 45)SPAML)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, III,r and IV and special
ins tallat i ons~)
II. INSTALLATION. Effective 1 August 19^5, the Boston Back-up
Storage Facility, Maynard, Massachusetts, is transferred from the juris­ diction of Chief of Transportation and the immediate control of the Boston
Port of Embarkation, and redesignated as the Maynard Back-up Storage Area
and as a subdepot of the Watertown Arsenal, Watertown, Massachusetts, a
class IV installation under the jurisdiction of the Chief of Ordnance.
(SPX 323.3 (Ik Jul lj-5)SPMCC)
(Minimum distribution;' Class I, II, and IV installations)
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 279)
(Sec. I, II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir, 279)
(Sec. Ill - Part Two.)

III. BS1P0RT. 1. Purpose. This circular governs the preparation
of the Monthly Depot. Space and Operating Report, WD AGO Forms 808 and
808A, Reports' Control Symbol WHG-8).t$L}^. The procedure given in this
circular is the same as that given in section VIII, ASF Circular 140,
19*f5, except that all references to the Depot Work Measurement Record,
WD AGO Form 862-1,. have teen omitted. That portion of the Depot Work
Measurement Record pertaining to storage activity which, was prepared
and forwarded in compliance with ASF Circular 1^0 will no longer " b e re­ quired. ASF Circular 13?/ 19^5, as amended t > y section I, ASF Circular
204, and. section IV, ASF q.$rcular 226, 19^5, and ASF Manual M 703-5,
Control Manual:- Work Measurement, -15 January 19^5, currently govern the
preparation of the Depot..W©rk.;Measurement Record.
• 2. General.. The purpose of the1 Monthly Depot Space and Operating
Report is tq provide uniform data on space and operating conditions at
depots and other supply installations for the use of Headquarters Army
Service Forces, chiefs of technical services, and installation commanders
3>; Action " b y insta'ilai&'ipns,, ; _ a . The Monthly Depot Space and 0p­ erajbing Report will be.^rfjpirg.f; each month, as of the last day of'the
month, " b y the commanding 'officer of each depot and holding and reconsign­ ment point,;'Iby the; supply, off icer., of.. each tecjinic.al service section of an
Army Service Forces depot, and " b y the commanding officer of each other
installation specified " b y Headquarters Army Service Forces (Director of
Supply).
ID. The Commanding officer of each Army Service Forces (jointly
occupied) depot will prepare a consolidated report covering the operation
of the whole depot-. The chief of the technical service administering
Army Service Forces depota will arrange for each commanding officer to
reconcile reports of iiechnical service1 sections with the report of the
depot as a whole. If for reasons of economy in the utilization of per­ sonnel the supply officer of a technical service section wishes to avail
himself of "the services offered " b y the:depot commander.in the preparation
of reports for hie section, it is within his authority. Such a decision
cjLoes-not relieve him of the responsibility for. the.data .presented on the
Report. The signature of the supply off icer will i i \ , , all cases " b e affixed
to -the report covering operations of his section;.
c. In preparing the Monthly Depot Space and Operating.Report,
•.definitions and instructions contained in WD AGO Form 808c; section VI,
ASF'Circular 173)/19^5; section VII, ASF Circular 266, 19^5; and any
subsequent circulars or memorandums which modify WD AGO Form 808c will
" b e complied with.
d. The Monthly Depot Space and Operating Report, when accomplished,
will "be..forwarded to the chief of the technical service-having jurisdic­ tibn oVer the installation or technical service,aection.­

h. Action by chiefe of technical services - MDS&QR. a. Chiefs of
technical services will carefully scrutinize reports for errors, omis­ sions, and inconsistencies and will verify the reports.
b. Two copies of each Monthly Depot Space and Operating Eeport
(one of which will be the original copy) will be submitted by the Chief
Signal Officer,.Chief of Engineers, Chief of Chemical Warfare Service,
The Surgeon General, Chief of Transportation (for both TC supply depots
and holding and reconsignment points), and The Adjutant General to
Headquarters Army Service Forces (Storage Division) to reach- that of­ fice not later than 1600 on the 9th day of tie month following that
covered by the report.
c. Two copies of each Monthly Depot Sp^ce and Operating Beport
(one of which will be the original copy) will be submitted by the ^Chief
of Ordnance and The Quartermaster General to Headquarters Army Service
Forces (Storage Division) to reach that office, not: later than 1200 on
the 10th day of the month following that covered by, the report.
d. The chief of each service will prepare one consolidated Monthly
Depot Space and Operating Eeport for all installations under his command
and will submit it to Headquarters Army Service Forces (Storage Division)
. i n b
to reach that office on the dates specified for individual reports . \.:"'" ~
and c above. The consolidation vill include all items.. . . e 4 The chief of each service will also submit suc'h additional
summaries as may be prescribed by Headquarters Army Service Foijces (Di­ rector of Stlpply).
5« Action by chiefs of technical services - MPRf Section 2-H. The
chief of each service will prepare and submit two typewritten copies
(one of whichvwill be the original copy) of the tabular pages of the
Monthly Progress Report, Section 2-H, Storage Operations, which pertain
to his service. These pages Will be prepared and submitted in the fol­ lowing mannerr
a. Tabular pages prepared-from Montli^y Depot Space and Operating
Report will be transmitted to reach Headquarters Army Service Forces
(Storage Division) on dates specified for the technical services in
paragraph i + b and c, k
b. Whenever significant features in the month's operations re­ quire additional explanation, an original and one carbon, . ' c o p y of a letter
of trsnBmi.ttal containing such explanation will be forwarded.
_c. .Preparation of these tabular pages will include typing a final
copy for: photographic reproduction. Typing will be clear, clean,
and sharp. If electromatic typewriters with carbon paper ribbon attach­ ments are not available for the work, the use of a heavy-inked black silk
ribbon is recommended. The pages will be clean and figures will be in
e,xact alignment and centered within the space, Paste^over corrections
will "be carefully made, and the pages will not contain smudges.

- 3 -

(ASF Cir, 279)
(Sec. Ill - Part Two)

- k -

(ASF Cir. 279)
(Sec. Ill, IV, V - Part Three)

d. The chief of each technical service will be responsible for
the accuracy and appearance of these pages.
6* Distribution off, forms... Monthly Depot Space and Operating Re­ port-forms will. be. obtained by.the.reporting installation from adjutant
general depots.. . , forms -for preparatipjv oJTthiS- tabular pages of the Mon­ thly. Progress Report,..Section ^JB^witl be; supplied each month to the-
chiefs of,.techni^ai; services by;'#ea4&uarters: Army'Service Forces (Stor­ age Division),., ' ' " • • " • •
.7. • Claas^lcatibti. • When;: accomplished, Monthly Depot Space and
Operating' i^p,.b.rts" and all Summaries' and' tabular pages prepared from them
in ppmplianceg w£th this''circular will be classified: .^TRICOT).
. ^ ^ ^ S^otiDi^VIII, AS ASF Circu
F Circular 1^0, 19^5, and sec-

tion V, ASF !Cffcula:r'211/ "l^y, are rescinded • [SPX 319.1 (16tful^5)3?WHP)
(Minimum distribution: Depots; holding and reconsignment points';

. ports) •.-*--.•. •

IV. ENLISTED MEN. Section I, ASF Circular 1^1, 19^5,, is amended
by adding paragraph T as.follows:
7. When shipments of replacements, fillers, and casual^ contain­ ing enlisted personnel who were less than age 19 on 9 Ma^' 19^5>, ,or who.
were inducted ; a once that;,date, at, -less. th.an age 19, ,and^who ha^e n ot te^d
6 month's' trainiaag. of the. charac;ter; and ex;tent prescribed^^are shipped
to .-ports from Army Se;ryi,c.e ^Force's, personnel replacement-'depot's and home
.stations, .commanders of such.'i^stallat'ions will notify *the' port or
aerial port .commander to which the personnel is shipped; 'of the number
by branch of-such;,personnel included in the shipment.
(SPX 220.3,(17 Jul.k1?)SPGAR) "
CMinimum distribution:.." Class I, II, and IVp installations)
V.-: PRISONER;,OF !?AR. I. "Reference is madeTifeb TWX from the Provost
Marshal General.to commanding generals; of all-service- commands, ^.May
19^5, wherein it. was directed that "by reason of military; operations .
which make delivery, impossible,' effective immediately the. dispatch.from
prisoner of. war camp's of all letters and cards from prisoners of war to
addressees in. Germany is temporarily suspended until further notice."
2.. Until furtiier notice, prisoner of war ^correspondence forms (let­ ters and cards,) will riot be issued fda? use by .prisoners for the, writing of
letters and cards 't~d-addressee's ;in Germany, Austria/ Czechoslovakia, and
Yugoslavia. The usual quota of letters and cai'ds will be issued to pris­ oners only for use in- writing'to ><iomestic addressees or tQ addressees in
countries other than'those1 lasted above. In order ;.that the placing of
too gi^eat a bur4!|to'"up6n the Office of Censorship at any particular time
may be avoided,ppri3oners whb'for any reason do not utilize-their quota
of letters and cards will not be permitted to make up their quota at
any subsequent time.

3. All letters and cards addressed to Germany, Austria, Czecho­ slovakia, a and Yugoslavia, now held " b y the camp commanders, should be re­ turned to the prisoners with instructions that if they desire, they may
keep these letters and cards, redate and resubmit them as part of their
regular quota at such time as mail service is resumed to those countries.
As to these letters and cards, an exception may " b e made to the enforce­ ment of the provision contained in paragraph 79g, section XIII, chapter
2, TM 19-500, to the effect that the date may not " b e crossed off,
written over, or otherwire modified on the correspondence forms.
h. It is requested that prisoner of war camp conmandere inform
German spokesmen that the .War -Department realizes the desire of German
prisoners to correspond with their families, and that the order pro­ hibiting the forwarding of correspondence to certain countries in Europe
was made necessary " b y the "break-down of the postal system in Germany and
adjacent countries. The spokesmen should also be informed that, as soon
as the Provost Marshal General is instructed by military authorities in
Europe that mail service has been resumed in these countries, prisoner
of war camp commanders will be notified, and the prisoners will there­ upon be permitted to resume correspondence with addressees in these
countries.

(SPX 383.6 (18 JUI k5)swxx>)

(MiniirmTn distribution; Class I, II, and IV installations;IW
camps)
VI, SHIPMENT. ASF Circular 15k, 19^5* is amended as follows:
1. Delete from the present title the words "operating under SCAEF."
2. Paragraphs 1 and 2 are rescinded and the following substituted
therefor:
!• General. The British Government will arrange for the ocean
transportation of supplies procured by the United States which are-to be
consigned to the Commanding General, US Forces, European Theater, for
distribution at his' discretion by British Army groups to civilian popula­ tions in occupied territories. Effective immediately, supplies provided
by the Army Service Forces in accordance with this arrangement will be
made available and shipped as prescribed herein. This circular does not
govern shipments by the U. S. War Department of supplies for distribution
to civilian populations under conditions other than those described above;
Materials provided under this procedure are not lend-lease materials.
2. EejguisitIons. Requisitions from British Army groups based
on previous allocations of supplies concurred in by the War Department
will be transmitted to the International Division, Headquarters Army
Service Forces, through the British Army Staff, The International Divi­ sion will screen the requisitions to determine that the items requested
are included in an approved program.
. 5 (ASF Cir. 279)
(Sec. V, VI - Part Two)

- 6 -

(ASF Cir. 279)
(Sec. VI - Part Twb-­ Sec/VII•- Part'Three)

3. In paragraph 7c""FOR SCAEF" is deleted in the examples shown •
and "FOR CG, USFET" substituted' therefor,
k. Paragraph 7d( 5) is^'iidlete^and the following substituted
therefor:
(5) Note: It is ipportajit that the abgve; provisions be fully
complied with 'since car^o" shipped" in accordance :
with this circular'is;processed through commercial
port facilities, an&Vpackage numbers are extremely
important in identifying (Aiortages..
5. In paragraph 10a(2) "SCAEF1* is deleted arid "CG, USFSTI?; substi­ tuted therefor.
6. In paragraph '2, Appendix I, the letters "SCAEF" are deleted
from the title of the.-suggested form of notification of availability and.
"CG, USFET" substituted therefor.

(SPX

koa.3295 (17 Jta 45)SPLLG> •

(Minimum distribution; Procurement district offices; ports of
embarkation^ .^rt..;agericieis; all cLepots; zone.. transportation
off i ces;; jdlstri!cf: iranspqrta.t ion ofti ceS; holding and re con­ signment joints; arid Signal Corps inspection zones)

PART

T H R E E

(Hq., ASF; technical services; hq., service commands)
.lf'^PROMOTION. 1 ' . Reference. Reference is made to' Wlf letter .
(AG 383.6 (31 May ^5)OB-S-A-SPGAI4-M), 22 June 19^5, subject, "Change'
No. 2 to POW, " a3 amended by letter (AG 383.6 (26 June l£)OB-S-M) 26
June 19^5, subject, "Correction to Change No. 2 to POW."
2. Eligibility. EiiXisted.personnel below the-first grade in'p^Luded
in one of the cate.gories^.Xisted in paragraph le, AR 6l5~5 (C6, 23 May
19^5),. may be promoted one grade provided; , ' , . .
a. There is a reasonable presumption that they would have been.
so promoted at!some prior date but for their loss to. United States iili­ tary,control. . .
b. The c^ricumstances surrounding loss to United States military. . . . .
control were hpnorable.
c. The enlisted person concerned has not been promoted subsequent
to his return to United States military control.

ASF CIRCULAR) No « 2&> )

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 23 July
Section

PART ONE
PERSONNEL-rASF Cir. 293, 1 9 ^ , amended PART TWO '
SEPARATION CENTER—Sec. IV, ASF Cir. 189, 19^5, amended- PRISONER OF WAR--Additional salt in hot climates PRISONER OF WAR--German Postal Unit transferred INSTALLATION--Certain activities at Fort Crook, Nebr. PERSONNEL CENTER—Weekly report of operating strength- - GRAPHIC TRAINING A I D — N o . 30-2, Meet the Jap - Know His
Infantry Weapons - - - - - - - r - - - - - - - - - - - GRAPHIC TRAINING AID--No. 30-3, Meet the Jap - Know His
Uniforms and Equipment - - - - - - _ ---_ GRAPHIC TRAINING AID--No, 30-if, Meet the Jap - Know His
Rank Insignia- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - PART THREE
DIRECTOR OF MILITARY TRAINING—Announced PART O N E

I
II
Ill
IV
V
VI
VTI
VIII
JX

X

(General application — complete distribution)
I. PERSONNEL. Paragraph 3d, ASF Circular 293, 1 9 ^ , is rescinded
and the following substituted therefor:
d. Personnel required under the provisions of this circular will
be included within present allotments.
(SPX 020 (20 J u l ^5)SPICY)

PART

TWO

(Limited application — special distribution)
II. SEPARATION CENTER. 1, The information required to be fur­ nished by paragraph 1, section IV, ASF Circular 189, 19^5, is amended to
include the following data:
Opposite letter T Report
Number of personnel, physically present at
the separation center avaiting separation
from the service, vho have been present
longer than ^8 hours.
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 280)
(Sec. I - Part One --
Sec. II - Part Two)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 280)
(Sec. II, III, IV, V - Part Two)
Report

Opposite letter U

Number of enlisted personnel reported to
separation center as available for shipment,
for whom clearance has "been requested, but
who on the reporting date have not "been , .
accepted by the separation center, (include
those refused clearance for immediate ship­ ment, "but who have beeri'accepted for shipment
at a future date.)

2. Section I, ASF Circular 212,- 19^5,- is rescinded effective upon
receipt of this circular.
• >.(SPX.210.8 (18.Jul ^5)SPGAS)
(Minimum distribution: Separation centers)
III. PRISONER OF WAR, Recent, reports indicate that many prisoners
of war have"suffered heat exhaustion when working- in hot climates to which
they are not accustomed... Normally, individuals who work in hot climates
require additional salt. It is directed that'where* prisoners of war, in­ cluding members of Italian service units, are working in climates where
the need for extra salt ie indicated, immediate steps be taken to see
that they are supplied with it in accordance with paragraphs 5 and 6, TB
MED 175, June 19^5.
(SPX 383.6 (18 Jul l4-5)SPKtkr)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations; FW
camps)
IV. PRISONER OF;WAR. 1. ,The German Postal Unit has been transr.
ferred from Prisoner of War Camp, Hearne,-Texas, to Fort George G, Meade,
Maryland, and is now a part of the Enemy Prisoner of War Information Bu­ reau, a class IV activity under the control of the Provost Marshal General.
2.. Section XIII, CJiapter'2, TM 19-500, will-"be amended accordingly.
(SPX 383.6 (21/;Jul>5)SPMGC)
(Minimum distribution: All German FW base and "branch camps)
V. INSTALLATION. 1. Effective 1 August
a. The Omaha Ordnance Service Command Shops will be moved from
Ak-sar-ben Field.> Omaha, Nebraska, to Fort Crook, Nebraska, and will be
established at the latter station as a class I activity under the control
of the Commanding General, Seventh Service Command.
b. The Central Intranait Processing Center will be established at
Fort Crook as a class I activity under the Commanding General, Seventh
Service-. Command.

57

ASF CIRCULAR) ) *0' ^ b HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D.<G., 27 July 1945

Section
PART ONE (Not used)
PART TWO
INSTALLATION—Modesto Auxiliary Field, Calif., surplus ENLISTED PERSONNEL—ASF Cir. 100, 191*5, clarified as
applied to AAF • , GRAPHTC TRAINING AID-Nos. 8-18 (A to C), concerning"
prevention of snail- fever-GRAPHIC TRAINING AID—Nos. 8-I9 (A to D), concerning
prevention of scrub typhus fever TRAINING—Fractional ^ HOSPITAL—Sec. VII, ASF Cir. 239, 1 9 ^ , rescinded— PRISONER OF WAR—Sec. VII, ASF Cir. 236, 191*5, amended JOINT TERMINATION REGULATION (PR 15)—Amended TRAINING— Instruct ion in Army Orientation TRAINING—Newly inducted personnel physically
disqualified for oversea service --..-CIVILIAN TRAINING—Sec. II, ASF Cir, 153, 19^5, amended-— PART THREE
SALVAGE—(Disposition of salvage clothing) marked PW and PP NATIONAL BUREAU FOR INDUSTRIAL PROTECTION—Submission of
security reports—--, UNIT COSTS—In ASF catalogs, section 5 REPORT—Sec. V, ASF Cir. kOJ, I9I+I+, amended

I
JJ
H I
IV

v

VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI
XII
XIII
XIV
XV

PART

T W O

(Limited application — special distribution)
1. INSTALLATION, Effective as of 10 July 19^+5, the War Department
has placed Modesto Auxiliary Field, Modesto, California, in the category
of surplus.
(SPX 602 (4 Jun 45)SPMOC)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations).
II. ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 1. Reference is made to paragraph 17d(2)
ajid (3), ASF Circular 100, I9U5, as amended by section IV, ASF Circular
266.
2. Processing directed therein will not apply to personnel of the
Army Air Forces„ (SPX 220.3 (17 Jul ^5)SPGAC) (Minimum distribution: Class I, I I , and IV installations) - 1 (Sec. (ASF Cir. 286) I, I I - Part Two)

-2 -

(ASF Cir. 286)
(Sec. Ill, IV -Part Two)

III. GRAPHIC TRAINING AID. 1. War Department Graphic Training
Aids 8-l8(A to C^;.dealing with schistosomiasis,(snail fever), are in
preparation and \?iil "be ready for distribution on'or'about 20 Septem­ ber 19*4-5. Beouirements for Army Ground Forces and Army Service Forces
units and installations for these posters, will "be submitted. in ac^
cordance with paragraph 3, section I, A§F Cirqular; t&lr I9kk+
2. The following information concerning these .graphic-training
aids is published for the use of training personnel in determining
requirements:,
S* De&opi-ption; ;Full-colbr posters .approximately lkz "by 20
inches in si&e;
(I) , Snail, Fever,-Is Dangerous .-(GTA 8:lfiAj^.r A cartoon im­ 'r' press i6iic;6f the parasite -'thatrcaus'esr * schistosomiasis
forcibly p,oints out the fact that this disease at­ tacks the liver. Supplementary copy gives preventive
measures.
(?) Warning!, Snail Fever (GTA,8-18B). A reproduction of.a
warning,-s^ign in« a dapger area emphasizes., the fact
that wa.sftipg. .vehicles' and bathing in unsafe water
spread this dsLseajse;.,
••(3). How Snail Fever..batla.,Around (GTA 8-18C).,' A graphic .pres­ entation of the life cycle of the snail fever para­ site together with, a. statement of necessary, individ-..
ual preventive measures against. schiBtpsomiasis.
\i,J'.yRecommenced use. These posters are. intended for posting on
bulle:jti^^boards or in other conspicuous places, where, they. can_serye as
constantT,"reminders that preventive measures must be_taken against the..
spreadJof .this disease. Posters should be rotated^ so that no more
,
than one poster on thia^ disease ts visible at one time.. : c. "Becommended distribution. Ports of embaxlsatipR and staging .
areas serving the Southwest Pacific Area and ,Pac.i.fic pceaai -Aaea—£ copy o€
each poster per barracks or 1 copy of each poster,per 100 men housed
in tents or other temporary shelters..
(SPX 353 (2k Jul te)SPTRT-)
(Minimum, distributions Class.I, II,. and IV. .installations)
^ ' . ' ; . Kar Department .Graphic .Training ­ IVY .GRAPHIC TRAINING AID., r Aids 8-19(A to D ) ; dealing with scrub typhus fever, are in preparation
and, will be, ready.for distribution on or about 20 September 19^5« Re­ quirements for Army Ground Forces and Army Service Forces units and in
stallations for these posters will be submitted in accordance with
paragraph 3, section I, ASF Circular l8l, ^

:

^2.' The-following information concerning, these graphic, training
&tds;;;isr $ubUshed for the use of training personnel in. determining
requirements:

VI. HOSPITAL. Section /til, ASF Circular £|§, ^9^,.-which provides
for report of AAF patients In general hospitals on WD AGO Form 8-20
(Reports Control Symbol AAF-AS-M26) is rescinded. Information hitherto
provided tj this report vill hereafter beLBubmitted on Form AFTAS-lU
(Reports Control Symbol AAF-AS-Mk2) whic|.will be prepared by the AAF
PDC Hospital Liaison Officer,
(S?X 705,1 (19 Jul 45)SPMCH)
(Minimum distribution: All hospitals)
VII;; PRISONER OF WAR. Paragraph %q, section VlJ, ASF Ciruar.
, concerning the giving of notice prior to the general or special
court martial of German prisoners of var> ie; rescinded aiid the following
substituted therefor:
.5£. Henceforth, German prisoners tofiwa&ima^'be tried by general or
special courtymartial at any convenlen-t^da-fc©without giving formal notice
comparable to tliat previously given under Article 60 of the Geneva Con­ vert*!P1*. A copy,pf the charge sheet in reach such case will be forwarded
to the provost Marshal General's Office at least 2 weeks prior to the
trial* Particular care will be taken to insure that the provision con­ tained in the preceding sentence is complied with before any trial in
which the imposition of the death-penalty upon a German prisoner of war
is pq&alble.,vor lin which an offense growing out of political differences
between German :pr is oners of war is involved; After the trial a statement
will be forwarded to the Provost Marshal Geiierai givingH€he time and
place of trial, the charges and specifications^-the'sentence of the court,
the action of the reViewing authority, and the designated p3£ajce;of con­ finement. A copy of 'the record alBo will be torwarded to itie/fci&vost
Marshal General's Office.
.(SPX 383.6 (2llJtul ^5)SPWG0)
distribution: All PW camps, Italian service units)
fill. JOINT OMMI^^qN.^EEXJllIiATION (PR 15)-..•;, 1- ^ order to put into
effect" certain requirements!. a . » to reports called for by Regulation No. 6
i o f r d , , the Joint Termination Regulation (PR 15) ifl
ofrthe. Surplus Property j amended., .effective immedi^bely, , l | y the insertion in Section VIII of a
2 months' supply of Form SPB 9
neVjart '8 to read as set forth-^elpw., A , reverted to in the amendment will be/furnished by.chiefs of technical
services to installations concerned;. , When this supply is exhausted and
untirsuch time a© Form SPB 9 is stocked .in ,AG depots^;(,the form may be
reproduced iocally by duplicating, proce§^s -under the. supervision of
printing control officers. The format will be Identical with the Form
SPB 9 Inclosed.
SECTION VIII - PART 8
Part 8 - Reports on Property Disposition
88Q-.-.fecope# — This part covers the preparation and submissi6n of
reports concerning the disposition of property and related matters.
.
5

(ASF Cir- 286)
.(Sec. VI, VII, VIII -Part Two)

- 6 -

(ASF Cir. 286) Sec. VIII - Part $wo)

881

Reserved.
• ' ' , • • • •

882 Reserved.

883 Report o£ gales of plant equipment* -3­ 885.1 General,.desbfcJLptlon. -- Government-owjqfed plantequipment
to " b e reported on saj.es reports, shall include al^Xovernmeiit-owned'
plant equipment in privately.. owned plants and Government-owiied plants
1 ' J ££arit equip­ including emergency plant.facilities, excluding *dnl^ ( ment in.permanent industrial installations of ttt£ Army and -Wavy such
as arsenals, proving grounds, shore establishment^', ^and similar per­ manent installations, (2) plant equipment in Army' &R& .Navy installations
used or useful for activities of the Army and Navy "other than the pro-=
duction of materiel, munitions, and supplies/. (3) plant equipment de­ clared surplus, (4) plant equipment outside the continental limits of
the United States, and (5) plant equipment classified as scrap or
salvage. Sales of items of' Government^owned.plant equipment, costing
$350 or more; falling in the classes in Schedule.B to Surplus Property
Board Regulation No. 6, shall " b e reported separately for each sjich
class. In addition, a line entry shall'"be made for each sale: qf.other
&bvernment-owned plant equipment, including Schedule B items coating-
less than $350. These sales will be identified as "othe*.sales" and.
will not be classified by commodity classification. For this class of
sale, therefore, fill in only columns (a), (b), (c), (d), (h)f, and (i)
on the Fomr SPB 9 described in paragraph 883.2.
883.2 Form. --In the War Department the chief of each service
shall submit on or"before the 12th,-day.of August 19^5, and of each
succeeding month, to the Readjustment Division, ASF, the original and
three copies-*ptf.fa Form SPB 9 for. eachs^le" to a single purchaser of
plant equipment accomplished during the preceding month, together with
a transmittaL sheet showing the number of original SPB 9 reports at­ tached^ ; and the total cost and sales price of property listed thereon.
ReportsvGonttfol Symbol AA-M2-34 has been assigned to this report.
Form SPB> 9 may be obtained from adjutant general depots.
883.3 Block and Column Entries, -- The following information will
be entered in the respective columns'of' Fbrm SPB 9­ BLOCK 2 State the name and address of the reporting agency.
BLOCK 3 Indicate the1 month covered by the report.
BLOCK k Indicate.the. date on which the SPB ' 9 form was transmitted to
. the office"1, of the chief of service.'
BLOCK 5 Enter the',complete name and address of purchaser. Reports of
sales 'in the month to a single purchaser should1 be assembled
consecutively. .
BLOCK 6 The name of the reporting officer should be typed in this
block in addition to his signature. If continuation sheets are
used, it is necessary to sign only the top sheet.

ASF CIRCULAR) No « 2 8 7
)

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 28 July

Section
PART ONE
PATIENT IN HOSPITAL--Sec. I, ASF Cir. 254, I9U5, amended— PART TWO
PRISONER OF WAR--Sale of inexpensive straw hats in PW
canteens , , . ENLISTED PERSONNEL—Sec. V, ASF Cir. 260, I$k5, amended-— INSTALLATION—Monmouth Signal Corps Procurement District,
N. J., to be discontinued INSTALLATION—District Transportation Off. ioe: established
at Edmonton, Alberta, Canada . INSTALLATION—Status of Camp Hulen, Tex, SUPPLY AND EQUIPMENT LIST—Harbor vessels-SEPARATION CENTER—Pension applications SEPARATION CENTER—Sec. IV, ASF Cir. 189, 19^5, amended-— PART THREE
TRAINING—Change in authorized capacity of school or
course EQUIPMENT--Procedures for replacement of limited.standard
articles-> I

JJ
III
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
IX
X
XI

PART (General application —

O N E
complete distribution)

I. PATIENT IN HOSPITAL. Paragraph7lc(l) and (2), section I, ASF
Circular 25^+, 19^5, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor;
(1) Hospitals at which Army Ground Forces liaison officers
are stationed. At such installations the Army Ground
Forces liaison officers will screen all enlisted men
with physical profile A and B, except parachute jump
personnel, for those determined to be fit for Army
Ground Forces (enlisted men 'qualified to perform under
field conditions in MOS of the arm or service in which
trained). All enlisted parachute jump personnel,
regardless of physical profile, will be screened for
those physically qualified to perform a full day's
duty with a parachute training unit. All personnel
so selected will be reassigned as indicated by the AGF
liaison officer at the hospital. The following cate­ gories of personnel will be assigned to the Army Serv­ ice Forces as indicated in d below:
- 1 - (ASF Cir. 287)
(Sec. I - Part One)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 287)
(Sec. I - Part One —
Sec. II - Part Two)

(a) Enlisted men, except parachute jump personnel,
with physical profile A and B determined not
fit for AGEv'
(b) Enlisted men, except parachute jump personnel,
with physical profile below B.
(c) Parachute1 jump personnel);regardless of physical
~ ~ profile, '-determined not-physically qualified
to perform^ a fostl.day.'s, duty with a parachute
training unit*';
(2) Hospitals_at which no Army-Grpund:,Forces,liaison officers
are stationed. At "such installations as element instruc­ tions will "be secured1'direct fro^; Headquarters Army
Ground Forces, Attention: GNACR-.y • • for the following types
of enlisted inen:
(a) All:.enlisted men with physical profile A arid S«
(|[) Enlisted parachute jump personnel, regardless of
' 'r physical profile, considered physically quali­ fied to perform a full,day's duty with a para­ : clfiute training unit.
All other.enlisted men will "be assigned to Arii#Service-
Forces as ' indicated in d. "below.
(SPX 220.3 (2k Jul 45)SPGAC)

PART

T W O

application — special- distiitutioh)
I I v Y ^ l O N E R O F WAR. Inexpensive, straw -hats are "being procured "by;
the Army-fex^hange Service and have "been added to the list of items au­ thorized, i for salfe in prisoner of war canteens-, subject to the following
restrictions:
1. The sale of straw hats will "be restricted to those areas where,
in the opinion of the commanding generals of the, service, commands, the
use of this type protective headgear will materially reduce the loss of
prisoner of war labor resulting from prolonged exposure to heat and direct
rays of the Bun.
2. The sale "will "be further limited to prisoners of war engaged in
farm labor and similar outdoor work outside the "boundaries of posts, camps,
and stations.
(SPX 383.6 (26 Jul 45)SPMGO)
(Minimum distribution; Class I, II, and IY installations including
base and branch FW camps)

ASF CIRCULAR) No * 2 9 2
)

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Washington 25, D. C , 2 August

Sec&Lqn.
PART ONE (Not used)
PART TWO
INSTALLATION--Chicago Brass Office established FUNDS—Sec. II, ASF Cir. 82, 19^5, amended TRAINING- -Technique of" throwing hand grenades HOSPITAL--Sec. II, ASF Cir. 282, 19^5, amended STORAGE AND ISSUE—HON discoids -PRISONER OF WAH—Publications—--—.— PRISONER OF-WAR—Escort guards for movements from U. S. to
oversea destinations— — - — — — REPORT—Prompt payment of' enlisted personnel PART THREE
WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS--Utilization of personnel in convalescent
reconditioning program—

I
II
Ill
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII

IX

PART

T W O

(Limited application -- special distribution)
I. INSTALLATION. Effective 1 August 19^5, the Chicago Brass
Office will be established at 663O Fullerton Avenue, Chicago 35, Illinois-,
as a class IV activity under the control of the Small Arms Division,
Industrial Service, Office of the Chief of Ordnance.
(SPX 680.1 (2k Jul 45)SPMOC)
(Minimum distribution; Class t),11,'.and IV installations)
II. FUNDS. Paragraph 2, section II, ASF Circular 82, 19^5, is
amended by adding £ as follows:
c. Expenditures may be made for expenses incurred in the operation
of the" fund, and payments may be made to creditors of the funds .of former
clubs, associations, or messes where such funds no longer exist because
of dissolution of the club, association, or mess.
(SPX 123 (6 Jul 1*5)SPSPO)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
III. TRAINING. Pending revision of FM 23-30, Hand and Rifle Gre­ nades, Rocket> AT, HE, 2.36-inch, training in throwing, of grenades will
be in accordance with the following:

- 1 -

(ASF Cir. 292)
p.' :(SecvI, II, III - Part Two)

-2 -

(4SF C£r* 292)
(Sec. Ill, IV, V - Part Two)

1. Troops will beJ trained to use their natural' throwing, motion,
"both overhand and underhand, in throwing grenades from all positions
and in woods and other difficult situations.
2. In order to observe accuracy, the thrower will "be trained to
observe, the trajectory and strike of the grenade. He will take cover
"before the grenade "bursts.
3. The method of holding the grenade will "be changed to permit
holding the safety "lever down with the thumb.
h.. Wheja advanced training in throwing grenades:istetinducted,the
individual will tie equipped as he normally would be in combat.

(SPX ffi (28 Jul ^SPTFR)

(Miiilmum^distribution: Class I ..and IV installations)
IV. HOSPITAL. The first sentence of paragraph 5, sectidn II, ASF
Circular 282, 19^5, is amended to read: It is desired tjiat on or "before
1 October 19&5, the commanding generals of the Service commands and the.
Military District of Washington, The Surgeon General, and the Chief of
Transportation submit to this headquarters (Attention: Industrial Per­ sonnel Division) any pertinent comments or observations which may arise
with the use of this program in installations under their jurisdiction.
(SPX 230 A 3 7 (28 Jul lf5)SPMQK)
(Minimum distribution: All hospitals')"
V. STOBAGE AM) ISSUE. 1.. The storage and issue of HCN discoids
used in disinfestation of buildings anil coti^oM't'les" is* the" responsibility
of the ' post engineer • Smail s,tpcks .of".ttls" Hem" are* often" carried at
posts,, which stocks vill.jjay^';t^ulbe'<^Ispft%^Jt>^ wfce-n -Army installations
are placed ' in a; .surplus of' Inactive* status."" BCN"friscbids"are" purchased
locally, as,., needed.,' therefore %hi 3 number" of surplus" cans" o f "the • fumigant
will '.fre'sinali;*,, -,Careless storag&-];br hajidlirig of cans'cbhtaTri'ing hydro­ cyanic acJL'd 1B to. be avoided, as^.the gas. prdducecf oh" exposure" to air is
letHaX. ; Aas masks,with HCN canister, MJXA2 or MTDAI, must" be provided
wheiiv handling'leaking cans. Regular inspections of storage conditions
.should be proy4de,d by the post chemical officer or his authorized repre­ seri^tive'.'"' All excesses are to be disposed of promptly as prescribed
herein.
2. Whenever possible, the service command engineer should transfer
excess cans to activ© installations where they are needed for fumigation.
If transfer to an active installation or disposal by sale to authorized
individuals is not feasible, HCN discoids will be destroyed by Chemical
Warfare Service. Arrangements should be made with the Chemical Warfare
Service officer in each service command for shipment of these discoids
to a designated point for destruction. Cans of discoids are not to be

\.

sold-to unauthorized individuale for use as a fumigant or transferred
to a salvage officer under any circumstances. Disposal outside the War
Department will be made only upon approval of the service command en­ gineer, the service command surgeon, and^the service command chemical
warfare officer.
(SPX 400.214- (JO Jul 45)SPKGY)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, and IV installations)
VI. PRISONER OF WAR. 1. Sale of Off ice of War Information pamphlets
to German prisoners of war. Each German prisoner of war "base camp will
receive a shipment of publications from the Office of War Information
in the near .future. These publications will be sold in prisoner of war
camp canteens at 25 cents per copy. The Custodian, Central Prisoner of
War Fund, will send an invoice to each camp for the number of publica­ tions received. Cost price to the camp canteens will be 20 cents per
copy. Publications included in the Office of War Information Series
are listed as follows:
Amerikanische Rundschau (American Review, a periodical)
Ein Marsch in der Sonne (March in the Sun) by Harry Brpwn
Des Andieren Brot (One I l a n ' s Meat) by S. B. White
Das Floss (The Raft) by Robert Truiaball
George Washington Carver - by Mrs. Rockham Holt
Tarawa - by Robert Sherrod
Der Weg nach Teheran (The Road to Teheran)
Nach Fuenf und Z-wanzig Jahren (Captain Retread) by Donald Hough
Bericht aue Tokyo (Report from Tokyo) by Joseph C. Grew
2. Sale of Office of War Information pamphlets to Italian
prisoners of War. The following Italian language. Office of War In­ formation materials will be distributed to Italian prisoner of war
camps for sale in canteens with the same provisions for price and in­ voice as described in paragraph 1:
American High Command Report
America - by Stephen Vincent Benet
Citizen Tom Paine - by Howard Fast
Into the Valley - by John R, Hersey
The Human Comedy - by Wm. Saroyan
3» Sale of special pamphlets to German prisoners of war. The
following"pubTications prepared by the Office of the Provost Marshal
General will be distributed in the near future to all German prisoner
of war base camps for sale in prisoner of war camp canteens at 20 cents
per copy. The Custodian, Central Prisoner of War Fund, will bill each
camp for the number of copies received at 15 cents per copy:
Brief History of the United States ) B y
The American Education System ) Dr. Howard Mumford Jones
The Government of the United States)
. 3 (ASF Cir. 292)
(Sec. V, VI - Part Two)

- 1 +-

(ASF Clr. 292)
(Sec. VI, VII - Part Two)

These publications are printed with German and English texts on opposing
pages so that they may "be used for the study of the English language.
k. Rerouting of publications. If any of the above publications
or any other publications distributed by the Office .of the Provost
Marshal General for sale in prisoner of war camp canteens (including
the Buecherreihe Neue Welt series) are received at a camp or post that
has been deactivated, they will not be returned to the sender. If publi­ cations are received by a deactivated base camp presently a branch camp,
they will be transferred to the base camp and notice of this transfer
sent to the Custodian, Central Prisoner of War Fund. If publications
are received at a post where a former base camp has been completely de-­ acticated, an attempt will be made to direct them to the nearest base
camp willing to receive additional publications, and the Custodian, Central
Prisoner of War Fund, will be notified. If no arrangements can be made
for the transfer of the publications to another prisoner of war camp
they will be held pending instructions from the Office of the Provost
Marshal General. In all cases the Custodian) Central Prisoner of War
Fund, Office of the Provost Marshal General /Washington, D. C. will be
informed of action taken.
5. Selected publications. The publications listed above are
selected materials for the intellectual diversion program described in
prisoner of war special projects letter number 1. Camp commanders will
promote their sales. If any of these books cannot be sold, the Office
of the Provost Marshal General will be notified and the shipment will
be diverted to another camp.
(SPX 333.6 (31 Jul ^5)SPMGX)
(Minimum distribution: Base and branch PW camps)
VII, PRISONER OF WAR. 1. The procedure for providing qualified
personnel for escorting enemy prisoners of war from US ports of embarka­ tion to oversea destinations will be as follows:
a. The Provost Marshal General wi11-­ ~ ~ (1) Coordinate with the Chief of Transportation to determine
the number of personnel qualified for escort guard
duty required for each movement covered by a War
Department movement order.
(2) Notify the commanding general of the service command
from which guard personnel is to be furnished as to the-—
(a) Number of qualified personnel to be provided,
(b) Clothing and equipment to accompany guard
personnel.
( _ c ) Special las true tio'ns which may be required for
the accomplishment of the primary mission of
this personnel.

b. Commanding generals of service commands will -­ (1) Select qualified personnel at strength specified by the
Provost Marshal General.
(2) Issue necessary orders to move such personnel to the US
port of embarkation concerned and to provide for trans­ fer arid assignment of personnel to the Chief of
Transportation,
£• The Chief of Transportation will employ the personnel as es­ cort guards for movements of enemy prisoners of war from US ports of em­ barkation to oversea.d&stinations.
"2... The Chief of Transportation is authorized to retain and use
personnel assigned to him for the purpose of escorting enemy prisoners
of war-to oversea destinations until such time as the number of such
personnel exceeds current requirements for escorting prisoner movements
overseas. Excess personnel will be returned and reassigned to the-
service commands from which they had been moved originally'to the'"port
of embarkation.
(SPX 370.091 (31 Jul ^5)SB4OT)
(Minimum distribution: Class I, II, III, and IV instaliati6ns;
all PW camps; all Army hospitals)
..Yin* REPORT-.—1. In order to record" compliance with existing di­ rectives and command policies of this headquarters in paying enlisted
personnel promptly, WD AGO Form 14-130, Report on Prompt Payment of En­ listed Personnel, has been designed. Copy of this form with complete
instructions for its preparation is inclosed.
2. This report will be furnished by all class I, II, and IV and
special installations within the continental limits of the United States
for the month rof August 19^5 and each month thereafter. All casual per­ sonnel passing through separation centers, reception-stations, induction
stations, and reception centers will be excluded frofli this report. No
personnel of the Army dfdund Forces or the Army Air* Forces will be in­ cluded in this report,, as the pay status of such personnel will be cov­ ered by reports prepared at the direction of "those commands..
3. Report will be prepared and signed by the finance officer (ac­ countable disbursing officer of class "B" agent) arid presented to the
station commander or acting station commander for hia personal signature
and such comments as he may desire to.make relative to the resulte at­ tained vatf:ibhe station1. The personnel officer will- furnish to the fi­ nance officer the information as prescribed by the instructions on WD
AGO Form li-lJO. At'units or detachments without a finance officer, the
complete report will be prepared by ,the unit personnel officer. The re­ port will normally be prepared in duplicate, the original being forwarded
to the service command or Military District of Washington, to arrive on
or.before trie"15th of "the succeeding month. Organizations directly under
rtfce Jurisdiction of Headquarters Army Service Forces not located at a
^station-lander a subordinate command will submit the original of Form 1^­ 'i.30, addressed as outlined in-paragraph 10.

• " • • • • • ' _
5

_

(ASF

Cir.

2 9 2 )

(Sec. VII, VIII - Part Two)

- 6 -

(ASF Cir. 292)
(Sec. VIII - Part Two)

k. Effective with the payment of enlisted personnel for the month
of November 19^5 and each month thereafter, if any station receives an
efficiency rating of "unsatisfactory" for payments.made on the last of
the month, or for payments through t,he 10th of the succeeding month,
the station commander will direct that a special investigation be made
to determine the responsibility for the deficiency. The investigating
officer will submit a written report to the station commander, outlining
in detail the reasons for the "unsatisfactory" efficiency rating and
action recommended to improve efficiency of the station in paying en­ listed personnel promptly. A copy of this special report will be fur­ nished to the next higher headquarters to arrive on or before the 20th
of the month succeeding the month for which payment was made.
5. Reports Control Symbol IE-6k is assigned to the Report on
Prompt Payment of Enlisted Personnel.
6. VID AGO Form 14-130 will be reproduced locally until a supply
of such forms is available by requisition from the appropriate adjutant
general depot through normal channels.
7. The following percentages will bemused in rating the efficiency
of the stations: /
Efficiency rating,
— •—- — ——"•-• —'—

Percent of payment made on last day of month _/ '
• ' JJ

Percent of payments
made through 10th
of succeeding month

—...run-. . -> „—_«_ , YTT .­

-

•-

" " $

'

" '•' " "

96 and abov/ 100
91 - 95 / 96 - 99
86 - 90 / 9 2 - 9 5
Below 8£' Below 92
/
Percentages will be carried to three places only, i.e., 96.2 percent.
8. A typewritten-report Comparative Efficiency Report on Prompt
Payment of Enlisted Personnel, Reports Control Symbol FE-65, will be
compiled by each service command and the Military District of Washing­ ton summarizing the reaults obtained by the stations which will show the
following information:
a. ' For payments made on last day of month..
(1) Total number of enlisted men on a pay status (current
' -• ­ month only). (2) Total number of enlisted men paid (current month only)':
(3) Percentage of enlisted men paid.
(k) Eff ic iency rat ing.
(5) Number of atat ions . under, each effic iency rating.

Superior Excellent Satisfactory Unsatisfactory

ASF Circular) No. 279 )

HEADQUARTEES ARMY SEEVICE FORCES^
Washington 25, D. C , 28 August

1

Section
. (Not used)
PABT TWO>
ITALIAN SEEVICE UNITS

G e n e r a l ••-•.-••-• V ' . ' - r •'-•.;•-"-•..-•-

Administration -------­ E l i m i n a t i o n o f certain equipment Eescissions - - - - - - - - - ­ P A R T T H R E E . (Not u s e d )

I
II
III
IV

PART TWO (Limited application--special distribution)
I--GENERAL,—Future restricted and unclassified instructions gov­ erning the administration, operation, and utilization of Italian serv­ ice units will be issued in Part Two of ASF circulars. Minimum distri­ bution to Classes I, II, and IV installations and to Italian service
units vill be specified.
II--ADMINISTRATE ONe --l. In order to utilize to the maximum the
services of Italian prisoners of var who are loyal to the cause of the
United Nations, they will be organized under United States Army Tables
of Organization and Equipment into service units without arms. These
service units will be organized, trained, and utilized in the continen­ tal United States and in such oversea areas as may be directed. Italian
officers, noncommissioned officers, and enlisted men will fill all au­ thorized T/O positions. Italian personnel assigned to the units will re­ main prisoners of war but will be released from stockades and placed in
the custody of American officers attached to the units.
2, Responsibility for Italian service units. -- The Commanding
General, Army Service Forces, is"charged with responsibility for carrying
out the above policy. To assist in the discharge of this responsibility,
he has established the position of Commanding General, Italian Service
Units, under the Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands, with functions
as follows:
a. To advise and recommend, with respect to all matters pertain­ ing to the organization, administration, training", supply, and utiliza­ tion of Italian service units.

- 1 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

- 2 -

(ASF Cir. 2?9)

b. To recommend plans; policies, and procedures in coordination
and collaboration with staff agencies of the Army Service Forces. For
this purpose,, existing staff agencies and procedures will " b e utilized to
the maximum1;
£. To advise and assist commanding generals of service commands and
installation coiraan&srs in carrying out prescribed policies and instruc­ tions and to follow up on perform*:'nee throughout the organization to in­ sure maximum effectiveness of th? . o . ^ : . a . i service units.
d. To reqv.est the Provost I^vrifc.L Coneral to arrange for necessary
orders pertaining to -one t:co"sfex and delivery of prospective members of
Italian service units to designated stations.
e. To transmit complaints originating with members of Italian serv­ ice units addressed to the protecting power, International Red Cross, or
other agencies to the Provost Marshal General together with full and com­ plete information upon which to formulate a reply or explanation.
3. £. Brigadier General John M. Eager is Commanding General, Italian
Service Units.
b. Headquarters, Italian Service Units., has been established at Fort
Wads worth, New York.
£. The Commanding General, Italian Service Units, is authorized to
communicate direct with commanding generals of service commands on mat­ ters affecting Italian service units other than changes in policies and
except for the issuance of directives.
k. Responsibility of Provost Marshal General.--Responsibility of
the Provost Marshal General with respect to members of the Italian serv­ ice units is limited to the following:
a_. Maintains the official central Prisoner of War Information Bu­ reaii in which are kept detailed records of Italian prisoners of war who
are members of Italian service units by name and serial number, including
picture, fingerprints, vital information, and records of personal property.
b. Interprets the applicable parts of the Geneva and Red Cross
Conventions.
£• Maintains liaison with the State, Justice, Navy, and Post Office
Departments, the Office of Censorship, the American Red Cross, the In­ ternational Red Cross Committee, and the Legation of Switzerland.
d. Acts as custodian of money and other property which members of
Italian service units are not permitted to retain.
e _ . Forwards official complaint letters to the Legation of Switzerland
in accordance with the Geneva Convention.
f_. Forwards notification of proposed trial by courts martial to the
Legation of Switzerland.
g. Discharges the War Department responsibility relating to
repatriation.
h. Transmits such funds of members of Italian service units as are
authorized to the Allied occupied parts of Italy.

5• Responsibility of commanding generals of servftce commands. — a .
Whenever tliey are located within the continental limits of the United
States, Italian service units are Clas3 I activities within the meaning
of paragraph 6a(l), AE 170-10. Commanding generals of service commands
are responsible for all functions and activities of Italian service
units, except the following, which are retained "by the Commanding Gen­ eral, Army Service Forces:
(1) Formulation of basic plans, policies, arid procedures.
(2) Designation and strength of units to be organized or
activated,
(3) Promulgation of training doctrine.
(k) Preparation of training programs.
(5) Permanent changes of station* Requests for permanent
change of station will be forwarded to the Command­ ing General, Army Service Forces, through the Com­ manding General, Italian Service Units, Fort Wads-
worth, New York.
b. Whenever Italian service units are located at Class III or Class.
IV installations, the provisions of paragraph 6b and c, AE 170-10, will
apply. Commanding generals' of service commands have the same authority
and responsibility for Italian service units at Class IV installations
as they have for those at Class I installations. Commanding officers of
Class IV installations are, so far as these units are concerned, respon­ sible to and under supervision of the commanding general of the appropri­ ate service command. >
6. Responsibility of American personnel attached to Italian service
units. —United St1ites~Army personnel" will b'e~attached to each Italian
service unit. Such personnel will command the units and be responsible
for discipline, administration, liaison, and control. Under the super­ vision of the commanding general of the appropriate service command,
they are responsible for the performance of all administrative functions,
including preparation and certification of pay rolls, appointments of
Italian personnel to enlisted grades and officer positions, audit of
company funds, and necessary record keeping. They will supervise train­ ing and operations. They will delegate to the Italian personnel such
authority as from time to time may be considered appropriate within the
provisions of this directive,
7. Italian personnel,--Italian prisoners of war must meet the
following~reqtuirementi"Tor assignment to Italian service units:
a. Have executed in duplicate on a form provided a written appli­ cation for such service, in which it i3 promised to serve faithfully
under American Articles of War, One copy of this agreement will be
forwarded to the Provost Marshal General and one copy will be made part
of the prisoner's personnel records. Italian prisoners of war who re­ fuse to sirpi will be concentrated at camps as ordinary prisoners of war,
- 3 - (ASF Cir. 279)

-k-

(ASF Cixv.2?9)

b. Be mentally and physically qualified for such service. Regu­ lar physical examinations will not be required, but personnel will not.
be assigned to units who are obviously physically disqualified and who
have no compensating skill.
8. Housing^--Italian service units will utilize existing housing
facilities. No new construction is authorized.
9." Training.—Training of Italian service units will be conducted
under existing mobilization training programs for the type of service
units concerned, with the omission of tactical and weapon training and
such other modifications as may be considered advisable. Instruction in
the English language will be stressed, particularly vocabulary and phrases
relating to work to be performed by the units. (See sec. IV, ASF Cir, $06
19 W . )
10, Italian service units will be organized, administered, assigned,
equipped, and trained in accordance with command and staff procedures
normally prescribed for Army Service Forces units.
11.. Organization of Italian service units.-- a. From time to time
The Adjutant General will send directives to the commanding generals of
service commands for the organization of specific Italian service units.
These directives will be similar in form and so far as practicable in
details to directives for the activation of American Army Service
Forces units,
b. Commanding generals of service commands will be called upon to
recommend for assignment Italian officers and in certain cases noncom­ missioned officers according to MCO and MOS specifications. Knowledge
of the English language will be considered an important factor* in such
recommendations and a statement of proficiency in English will be in­ cluded in each recommendation. Assignment orders for Italian officers
will be issued by the appropriate service command on request of the
Commanding General, Italian Service Units.
c. Italian enlisted men will be transferred from prisoner of War
camps~to units, training centers, or Headquarters-, Italian Service Units,
on orders of the service command in which they are stationed, as directed
by The Adjutant General. The Adjutant General will ordinarily call for
enlisted men by numbers and occupational specialties.
d. Italian medical personnel will be attached to Italian service
units~"as prescribed by the appropriate T/O,
£. Prisoner of war serial numbers will be retained by all Italian
personnel in the Italian service units and will be used in reporting to
the Provost Marshal General. Serial numbers beginning with the alpha­ betic letters ITI0", "IE", and "IW" will be used in all records processed
by machine records units.

f. Identification cards (W.D., P.M.G. Form No. 90), containing photo­ graph, description, prisoner of war serial number, fingerprints, designation
of unit to which assigned, and signature will be prepared and issued to all
Italian personnel.
g. The unit to which a member of an Italian service unit is presently
assigned will be entered as the agency to " b e notified "in case of irregu­ larity concerning bearer" on W.D., P.M.G. Form Mb. 90 (Prisoner of War Iden­ tification Card), issued to Italian personnel of Italian service unite.
This information will be corrected whenever personnel is transferred from
one unit to another so that the identification card will always reflect the
unit to which presently assigned.
h. Whenever Italian personnel cease to be members of Italian service
units (i.e., re-patriation, death, or expulsion from Italian service units),
W.D., P.M.G. Form No. 90 will be withdrawn from their possession and attached
as an inclosure to the service record which will be disposed of in accordance
with paragraph lb, section I, ASF Circular No. 192, I9H.
_i. American personnel atta.ched to Italian service units or to training
centers to which Italian service units are assigned v 7 i . l l be provided by serv­ ice commands from personnel available or to be made available to them. Per­ sonnel adjustments will be mads in subsequent revisions of overhead allot­ ments of personnel to the service commands. Initially, American personnel
will be attached in such numbers and grades as are desirable, but not in
excess of the following: 1 captain, 1 lieutenant (first or second), and 9
noncommissioned officers. The personnel so attached may be withdrawn grad­ ually as the need for its presence diminishes until there remains not less
than 1 captain, 1 first sergeant, and 3 interpreters, 2 of whom are clerks.
It is desired to place Italian service units on a selfsufficient basis as
rapidly as is consistent with efficiency and security.
J. The providing of all American personnel for Italian service units
is the" responsibility of the commanding general of the service command. In
the event service commands do not have technically qualified personnel for
types of units organized, requisition for same will be submitted to The
Adjutant General.
12, Discipline,--a. Personnel of Italian service units are subject to
disciplinary action"in accordance with the Articles of War. Those Articles
enumerated in AW 110 will be read in Italian to all personnel of the Italian
service units. (See sec. II, ASF Cir. 2^9, 19^4.)
b. leaves, furloughs, or passes will not be granted to Italian officers
or enlisted men except as follows:
(l) Passes will be granted only to groups of Italian personnel
accompanied by American officers or enlisted men attached
to their units and for specific purposes on£y, such as
attending church and visiting museums or other places of
interest.

- 5 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

- 6 -

(ASF Cir, 279)

(2) Poet commanders will notify all military and civilian author­ fifcites- as well as the local newspapers that Italian serv­ ices-unit personnel will "be authorized to visit the selected
localities with an American escort.
(3) Post commanders will authorize passes only to such personnel
as are completely and uniformly clothed in American uni­ forms with the "Italy11 brassard sewed on their left sleeve.
(k) Post commanders will "be responsible that Italian personnel
have received adequate "basic and orientation training
before being granted pass privileges.
£• For the present the granting of furlough or leave will be limited
to visits to close relatives in extreme emergencies and after investigation
by American unit commanders and approval of post commanders.
d. All concerned are enjoined to exercise the greatest care and dis­ crimination in handling the matter of passes for members of the Italian
service units. The local communities which are to be visited must be care­ fully prepared before hand. Initally, very few and we11-controlled small
groups should be permitted to leave camp, thus gradually accustoming the
places visited to their presence in the community.
e. All Italian personnel should be acquainted with the necessity for
granting them rather limited liberties at first and impressed with the
fact that they will be gradually granted additional liberties as soon as
our people get accustomed to their presence, and that the extent of such
privileges will be conditioned principally by the manner in which they
conduct themselves while on pass.
f. Italian personnel assigned to units, training centers, or Head­ quarters, Italian Service Units, will be given the liberty of the post,
reservation, or area prescribed by the post or installation commander ex­ cept for such parts of the post, reservation, or area as may be declared
off limits by the post or installation commander or by the senior attached
American officer.
g. Reports of AWOL and desertion will be made as prescribed for
prisoners of war. Notification will be by telephone direct to the nearest
field agency of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, to local law enforce­ ment agencies in the vicinity of the post, and to the Provost Marshal
General. (See sec. VI, ASF Cir. 236, 19^0­ h. Any Italian prisoner of war assigned or attached to an Italian
service unit may be removed for cause or otherwise at any time upon rec­ ommendation of the American unit commander and the approval of the com­ manding general of the service command concerned. Upon removal, he will
forfeit all privileges and will be returned under guard to the Prisoner
of War Camp, Monticello, Arkansas, or such other camp as may be desig­ nated. Those removed for cause as undesirables or noncooperatives will
be subject to appropriate punishment by competent American military author-
i.fy-., At any time after 3 monthB, persons so removed as well as those

originally not accepted for duty in Italian service units may again
volunteer for such duty. These volunteers, after investigation and con­ sideration by camp commanders, if found loyal and qualified may be clas­ sified as eligible for assignment to a unit upon approval by the com­ manding general of the service command. All such transfers to or from
Italian service units will be reported at once to the Provost Marshal
CCffimandlng G e n e r a l

(SeTlsF H T ik^UkK

f*

> Italian Service Units.

i. The regulation against fraternization will not apbly between
members of the Italian service units and American military personnel,
but military discipline and the prescribed military courtesies will be
strictly observed. (See ASF Cir. 205, 19W, as to saluting.) Pending
further instructions, neither Italian officers nor Italian enlisted men
vill be given privileges of officers' or enlisted men's clubs except as
authorized by the commanding general of the appropriate service command,
tout this prohibition does not preclude the privilege of patronizing Army
exchanges, chapels, or post theaters in groups under supervision of
American personnel.
J. All complaints concerning prisoner of war status will be for­ warded through the commanding general of the service command to the Com­ manding General, Army Service Forces, for appropriate action.
k. Visits of friends and relatives will be permitted at the dis­ cretion of the American unit commander.
f ^ ^ j ^ j c e j s . - - a. Members of Italian service units will
be paid monthly as follows:
(l) Enlisted men will be paid at the rate of $24 per month,
this to include the 10 cents per day allowance for
enlisted men* One third of the total monthly payment,
or $8, will be paid in cash to the individuals con­ cerned. The remainder will be issued in the form of
Army exchange coupons or credited to the individual's
account with the Treasurer of the United States in
Trust Fund 218915.
(2) Officers will be paid on the following basis according to
the grades held by them in the Italian army:
Total amount (Allowance plus work pay) Second lieutenant First lieutenant Captain Major and above To be paid in cash Coupons or credit

§kk
kk 5k 6k

$14 Ik 18
21

$30
30

36

(3) Credits will be to individual's account with the Treasurer
of the United States in Trust Fund 218915.

- 7 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

- 8 -

(ASF Cir,\ 279)

(k) These rates, of pay and method, of payment- will be effec­ tive only in ,the United States and its territories,
(5) Italian prisoners of war who have signed applications for
service units will be paid according to their new status
from date organized under appropriate service command
orders in either Table of Organization units, provisional
Table of Organization units or detachments.
b. In making payment, American officers' pay vouchers and American
soldiers' pay-roll forms will be used whenever practicable. In addition,
a pay card will be furnished each Italian officer,
£, Under existing Prisoner of War circulars and such regulations as
shall hereafter be prescribed, all personnel of. Italian service unite will
be furnished rations and quarters. When ordered to travel,-.they will be
furnished' transportation in kind. During such travel period, including
detentions not exceeding 31 days at any one place, there will be paid to
each officer or enlisted man the sum of $2 for each night on which sleeping
accommodations are not provided by the Government and $1 for each meal
not provided by the Government. For periods of detention in excess of
31 days at any one place, there will be. paid to each person the sum of
$1,25 for each night on which sleeping accommodations are not provided by
the Government and,$0.60 for each meal not provided by the Government.
d. Effective Ik June 19'i^, subject to the approval of the Commanding
General, Italian Service Units, Italian officers of Headquarters^ Italian
Service Units, who perform travel at frequent intervals on temporary duty
in. connection with prisoner of war activities in the company of and in the
custody of American officers and/or American enlisted men will be.reim­ bursed for such travel at existing rates prescribed for American officers
under provisions of Circular No. 260, War Department, I 9 H , as amended..
•^• Items of uniform, clothing, and equipment4—a. Provisions
governing officers and enlisted men,
(T) General,--The issue of uniforms, clothing, and equip­ ment will be governed by availability. Items unnec­ essary for training and operation will not be issued.
All items of clothing will be issued from Class X or
• Class B stocks in the order named, unless otherwise
specifically indicated•. In no instance will "p/w" or
any other device identifying the wearer as a prisoner
of war be stenciled on any item of uniform or clothing.
Whenever items of uniform or clothing (Class X or B ) ,
and individual equipment (Class B or A),, are available,
supply will be made from local station stocks. When
uniform, clothing, and individual items of equipment
are not available from local station stocks, requi­ sitions, will be submitted in accordance with the

provisions of d below. Whatever type of clothing is issued, (for example,
"blue denim, khaki, or olive drab), will be issued to present a uniformity
of appearance within each company. Sewing on of brassards, insignia,
cap patches, and replacement buttons to uniform clothing will be primary
responsibility of the unit concerned.
(2) I f r a j a sard .--Distinctive brassards will be supplied on
priority and without requisition, by direction of the
Deputy Chief of"Staff for Service Commands, Army Service
Forces. Brassards will be green, bearing the word "ITALY"
in white letters. A brassard will be worn at all times,
sewed on the left sleeve, halfway between the elbow and
shoulder of the outer garment. Eight brassards per in­ dividual will be issued eventually, at such time as pro­ curements can be completed find distribution made. Re­ placement ieeue is authorized. Requisition for replace­ ment issues will be submitted by the station direct to
Philadelphia Quartermaster Depot, Provisions of section
III, Circular No. Ik6, War Department, 1 9 ^ , prescribing
removal of insignia on exchange of clothing will be ob­ served.
(3) 'Buttons.--Distinctive United States Army buttons will not
be used on any items of clothing to be worn by personnel
of Italian service units. The station concerned will
remove distinctive United States Army buttons and will
supply replacement vegetable ivory, olive drab, or ap­ propriate substitute buttons prior to issue or sale to
the individual. Vegetable ivory, olive drab, or suitable
substitute buttons (2U, 36, and h$ ligne), in quantities
required, may be requisitioned direct from the Philadel­ phia. Quartermaster Depot.
{h) Headdress..--Officers and enlisted men will wear garrison
( ; (oversea) caps, without braid," A oircular-oloth patch,
green and red, bearing the vord "ITALY" in white letters,
will be sewed to the cap. This patch will be placed on
the cap in the' position occupied by insignia, when worn
by United States Army personnel. This patch will be
supplied initially by the same procedure as is indicated
above for brassards. Two patches per individual will be
issued, at such time as procurement can be completed and
distribution made. Replacement issue is authorized.
Replacement requisitions will be submitted as for brassards
in (2) above. Italian officers will be permitted to wear
regulation Italian ^officers caps or a reasonable facsimile
of same.

- 9 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

- 10 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

(5) Insignia.--Distinctive United States Army insignia
neither "be issued nor worn. Italian insignia of grade
may "be worn. Italian insignia of grade may be purchased
"by the individual officer or enlisted man from commercial
sources "but will not "be issued or procured by the Quarter­ master Corps. A five-pointed star of suitable size will
be affixed to each side of the collar of the uniform
coat; or above the left pocket of the shirt and any dec­ orations worn thereon when the shirt is worn as an outer
garment. This star will be procured by the individual
from sources other than the Quartermaster, and may be
produced locally from materials available.
(6) T/A 20 issues.--The provisions of T/A 20, 5 April 19^4,
governing barracks equipment issues, with change thereto,
will apply to Italian service units.
(7) Tags, identification.--Tags, identification (Class A ) ,
issued in accordance with b (3) and £ (2) below, will be
inscribed as provided for in AR 600-35. '
Officers.
(1) Clothing issued.--The following items of enlisted men's
clothing will be initially issued, as required, Class B
or Class A, in the order named, whichever is available:
1 Belt, waist
1 Cap, garrison, olive-drab
1 Cap, garrison, khaki
1 Hat, cotton, khaki, or denim
1 Coat, wool
h pr. *Drawers, cotton and wool
1 Overcoat, wool, melton, olive-drab (when necessary)
2 *Shirts, olive-drab and khaki
1 pr. Shoes, service (rebuilt)
h pr. *Socks, cotton and wool
2 pr. ^Trousers, olive-drab and khaki
k ^Undershirts, cotton and wool
2 Shirts, cotton, Khaki, Class X (used as fatigue clothing
only)
2 pr. Trousers, cotton, khaki, Class X (used as fatigue
clothing only)
*(Note: Ratio of cotton to wool will vary directly with the
the season or the climate of the station at which issue
is being made, or the climate of the location where the
unit is expected to train or operate.)

£•

Clothing purchased.-> Additional quantities of the above
listed uniform items including replacement requirements
and other items of enlisted men's clothing may be pur­ chased " b y the individual officer from station stocks at
AR 30-3000 prices plus 3 percent. Materials from vhich
uniforms may be tailored as listed in paragraph 2a and b,
Prisoner of War Circular No. 6, 19^> as amended, will
be requisitioned from the Philadelphia Quartermaster
Depot through the pest quartermaster. Tailoring may be
performed by prisoner of var tailors assigned or attached
to these units, or by civilian tailors to the extent that
such is practicable. All uniforms, either tailored or
purchased, will generally conform to the standard design
authorized by the Italian Army.
(3) Individual equipment.--'One bag, barrack; one necklace,
identification tag; and two tags, identification, will
be issued. Initial supply of all other items of in­ dividual equipment will normally be issued automatically
by The Quartermaster General en "combination equipment
chart and requisition", upon publication of organization
orders as indicated in d (2) below. Replacement issues
are authorized.
Enlisted men.
(l) Clothing.-- Clothing will be issued and requisitioned in
accordance with allowances fcr enlisted men of the Army,
prescribed in sections I and III, part II, T/E 21, plus
the additional items and quantities authorized below.
Items of uniform clothing will be issued to enlisted men,
of which at least one complete uniform both cotton and
wool will be Class B. The following items will be sup­ plied from Class B or Class A stocks only: drawers and
undershirts, cotton and wool; socks, cotton and wool;
gloves or mittens. Handkerchiefs and bands, head and
neck, for liner, helmet, M-l, will be supplied from Class
A stock only. Shoes, service, rebuilt, will .be supplied.
(a) Issue of two suite of clothing for fatigue use is
authorized per enlisted man. Fatigue clothing
requirements will be met as follows: Blue
denim or Class X shirt and trousers, cotton
khaki, in station stock may be issued to meet
these requirements; if not available, two shirts
and two pair trousers, cotton khaik, Class
X, will, be requisitioned and issued to each
enlisted man. One hat, field, cotton or denim,
will be issued.

- u -

(ASF

- 12 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

(b) Caps, coats, and trousers, bakers and cooks, and
frocks, butchers, will be issued as authorized
in section IV, T/E 21.
(c) Overcoat, wool, melton, O.D., or mackinaw will be
issued when necessary.
(2) Individual equipment.--Enlisted men will be issued section
I, part II, T/E 21, allowances of individual equipment.
Toilet articles will be issued only from Class A stocks.
Initial issue of blankets, wool; tents, shelter half, com­ plete with pin.3 and poles; and pouches,, first aid, will be
supplied automatically by The Quartermaster General on
"combination equipment chart and requisition" as indicated
in d(2) below* Class B items will be issued. Stainless
steel or aluminum cans, msat, canteen, and cups, canteen,
will not be supplied unless other types are not available.
ReplacFjaent<,—Replacement issues of clothing and equipment
for enlisted men are authorized.
Method of sup"ply.
(1) Clothing
(a)"' Officers clothing will be supplied from local sta­ tion stock or requisitioned by station concerned
from appropriate regional depot.
(b) Enlisted men's clothing.--One complete uniform of
cotton and wool, Class B, and items of drawers
and undershirts, cotton and wool; socks, cotton
and wool; gloves or mittens; handkerchiefs, bands,
head and neck, for liners, helmet, Ml; and shoes,
service, rebuild, will be supplied from local
station stock or requisitioned from appropriate
regional depot. All Class X clothing if not
available in station stock will be requisitioned
by the station concerned direct from the depots
as listed below:
Begional depot Jersey City Quartermaster Depot
Jeffersonville Quartermaster Depot Kansas City Quartermaster Depot
Depot
Area of distribution
First and Second Service Commands,
Third, Fourth, and Fifth Service
Commands and Military District of
Washington.
Sixth and Seventh Service Commands.
Eighth Service Command,

Regional Depot California Quartermaster Depot.

Area of Distribution
Ninth Service Command.

(c) Caps, coats, and Trousers, bakers and cooks will "be
supplied from station stocks or requisitioned from
the appropriate regional depot.
(2) Individual equipment.
(a) The following items will "be issued from station stock
~ ~ or requisitioned "by the station concerned from the
appropriate regional depot:
1. Officers.
Bag, barrack
Necklace, identification tag
Tags, identification
2, Enlisted men.
Bag, barrack
Can, meat
Canteen
Cup, canteen
Fork
Knife
Spoon
Necklace, identification tag
Tag,'identification
Toilet articles:
Brush, shaving
Brush, tooth
Comb
Razor, safety, with five blades
Towels, bath
(b) The following items are furnished on "combination
~" equipment charts and requisitions"
1. Officers.
Blankets, wool
Can, meat
Canteen
Cup, canteen
Fork
Knife
Spoon
- 13 - (ASF Cir. 279)

I l l - - Officers (Cont'd)

(ASF Cir. 279)

Tents, shelter half,, with pins and poles
Pouch, first aid
Rolls, bedding, waterproof
Bag, canvas, field, with strap carrying
Belt, pistol or revolver
2. Enlisted men.
Blanket, wool, olive-drab
Pouch, first aid
Tent, shelter half, with pins and poles
Haversack
Suspenders, belt
Belt, pistol or revolver
e_. Responsibility for Government property and clothing. --Personnel
of Italian service units will be responsible for Government property and
clothing issued to them, and will be chargeable in the event of loss, or
damage other than through fair wear and tear, in accordance with the pro­ visions of paragraph 112, Prisoner of War Circular No. 1, 19^3, as amended
by section VI, Prisoner of War Circular No. 11, 19^3. Each individual will
be responsible for other Government property lost or damaged because of
his misconduct. The amount of the indebtedness incurred by damage or loss
of Government property may be collected in monthly installments, by deduc­ tions from his pay. The aggregate sum of deduction for any one month will
not exceed two-thirds of his pay.
f. Wearing of the uniform.
(1) The "ITALY" brassard will be worn at all times, sewn on as
prescribed in a(2) above. The use of elastic or other
device to permit removal of brassard will not be
permitted.
(2) While on duty, on pass, or at any time deemed necessary by
the American commander, all members of Italian service
units will be required to wear the uniform issued by the
United States. At other times officers may wear the
standard Italian or Colonial uniform.
(3) All uniforms purchased by the officer whether altered or
tailored will conform so far as possible to specifications
prescribed for the Italian army.
While on duty, on pass, or at any time deemed necessary by
the American commander the garrison cap will be worn with
the patch and the insignia of rank only. At other times
when not on duty, the Italian cap or a facsimile thereof
without patch may be worn.

(5) When the woolen O.D. is worn —
(a) Officers will wear insignia of rank (gold or
yellow stripes) on the lower part of each
sleeve (h inches from the hem) as prescribed
for the Italian armed forces.
(b) The "Marescialli" will wear insignia of rank
(one, two, or three thin stripes) on the shoulder
straps in accordance with Italian uniform
regulations.
(c) Other noncommissioned officers and "graduati"
(corporals major, corporals) will wear insig­ nia of rank (gold and red chevrons respec­ tively) on the sleeves, between the elbow and
the shoulder and just below the green brassard.
(6) When the shirt is worn as an outor garment -­ (a) Officers will wear insignia of rank (a 2\ by \\
inch rectangular patch of wool or khaki cloth,
with braided hem in the case of superior offi­ cers, with one, two, cr three stars superim­ posed) on the left, just above the shirt pocket.
(b) The "Marescialli" will wear insignia of rank
(one, two, or three thin stripes of gold or
yellow cloth, 2J- inches long and i inch wide)
on the left side of the shirt, just above the
pocket.
(c_) Other noncommissioned officers and "graduati"
will wear insignia of rank on the left sleeve
just below the green brassard.
(7) On the cap, officers will wear insignia of rank similar
to those worn on the shirt. "Marescialli" will wear
one yellow stripe, 2h inches long.
(8) Stars (stellette) characteristic of the Italian armed
forces will be worn on the collar of the blouse, over­ coat, raincoat, and field jacket by all officers and
enlisted men. When the shirt is worn as an outer gar­ ment, no stars will be worn on the collar.
(9) Decorations and wound chevrons may be worn on woolen O.D.
uniform only_. Gorget patches, "flames," richly deco­ rated braids, etc., will not be worn on the uniform
issued by the United States.
(10) Insignia of rank and stars referred to in this subpara­ graph may be purchased from commercial sources or Army
exchanges and will not be issued or procured by the
Quartermaster Corps.
15. Work projects.--Prisoners of war assigned to Italian service
units may be utilized for any type of work in furtherance of the war
- 15 - (ASF Cir. 279)

- 16 -

(ASF Clr. 279)

effort without regard to the restrictions imposed "by Articles 31
aJi^L 32
of the Geneva Convention with the following exceptions: (See also sec.
IV, ASF Cir. 203, 1 9 ^ . )
a. They will not be used In combat.
b. They will not be used at ports of embarkation or elsewhere within
the continental limits of the United States in the handling of explosives
or other dangerous or classified materials, or in such locations as would
afford them direct access to these materials.
c. Restrictions with respect to the employment of United States
troops in competition with civilian labor apply equally to the employment
of Italian service units.
d. They will not be employed on projects where other prisoners of
war can be used and are available.
16. Miscellaneous.--a. Arrangements for religious services and :
clerical visitors will be made by the American unit commander through the
available Army chaplain, otherwise with the local clergy.
b. Care of the sick will be undertaken in the same manner as now
prescribed for prisoners of war. Prisoner of war hospitals will be used
whenever practicalbe. In the event of an emergency or the nonavailability
of prisoner of war hospital facilities, regular United States Army hospital
facilities will be used. Members of Italian service units who are believed
to be eligible for repatriation will be examined by a board of three
American medical officers which will submit its recommendation to the com­ manding general of the appropriate service command, who will forward the
recommendation of the board together with his remarks and recommendation
to the Provost Marshal General's office for appropriate action.
£. Censorship of mail.
(1) Domestic mail.--Italian personnel assigned to Italian service
unite within continental United States will operate under
the same rules as apply to United States Army personnel
for the handling of domestic mail and other domestic
c ommuni cati ons.
(a) No restriction will be placed on the number of
letters or parcels they may send to or receive
from addresses within Continental United States.
(b) Prohibitions contained in section VI, Prisoner of
War Circular No. k, 1 ° M , against correspondence
between prisoners of war will not apply to corre­ spondence between members of Italian service
units. However, mail between members of Italian
service units and German or Fascist Italian
prisoners will conform to the provisions of the
above-cited circular.
(c) Plain stationery will normally be used for all
domestic mail, and the return address will be
limited to:

Name Rank
Unit designation
Po3t, camp, or station
City and State
(d) No reference should be made to prisoner of war
status (e.g., internment serial number) on the
envelope cover. As a result, the franking
privilege cannot be extended and postage oust
therefore be prepaid by the writer.
(ej Italian service unit personnel should inform1
their correspondents within continental United
States to make no reference on the envelope
address to prisoner of war status.
(f) Telegraph and telephone facilities for domestic
comunicatlon may be used by members of Ital­ ian service units at their own expense and
under the same regulations as may apply to
United States Army personnel where the Italian
service unit is located.
(g) Mail or other communications will not normally be
subject to censorship except under the same
conditions as apply to United States Army per­ sonnel where the Italian service unit is located,
(h) There is no objection to members of Italian serv­ ice units using prescribed Provost Marshal Gen­ eral forms for correspondence in order to secure
free postage. When this form is used, all of
the regulations applying to prisoners of war
international mail, including those outlined
below, will be observed.
(2) International nail.--Members of, Italian service units with­ in continental United States will conform to all prisoner
of war regulations for mail or other communications sent
to or received from foreign addresses.
(a) Officially prescribed prisoner of war stationery
for foreign correspondence or other communica­ tions will be used.
(b) The return address for all such mail will include:
ITeme Internment : Serial number
Italian Postal Unit
Prisoner of War Camp, Ft, Meade
Box 20, GPO New York, N*Y?i
(c) No mention will be made in foreign correspondence
of the vriter's assignment to, or-status in, an
Italian service unit. This provision is designed
to avoid reprisals against families of Italian
service unit members living in enemy occupied Ital;
- 17 - (ASF Cir. 279)

- 18 -

(ASF Cir. 279)

(d) Outgoing international parcels from Italian serv­ ice unit members are prohibited. However, in­ coming international parcels for personnel of
Italian service units are permitted. Such in­ coming parcels will be examined by the American
unit commanders attached to the Italian service
units, in the presence of the addressees.
Costing (deposit) of mail.--All outgoing mail, international
and domestic, of members of Italian service units will be
deposited at a place or places designated by the American
unit commanders. The American unit commander will be
responsible for the prompt examination of each piece of
mail to determine compliance with the above cited in­ structions. Since the envelopes for domestic mail will
be sealed, the examination will be concerned only with
the proper return address on the envelope.
Dispatch (delivery to P. 0. Dept). of mail.--Mail which
passes the examination prescribed above will be dis­ patched by the American unit commander as follows:
(a) Domestic mail will be delivered to the station or
local post office.
(b) International mail will be forwarded to the
District Postal Censor, Box 20, General Post
Office, New York, N. Y., by pouch or wrapper.
(See par.I53, PW Cir. 1, 19^3, concerning letters
addressed to Protecting Powers, the International
Red Cross, and to Government officials in the
United States.)
(5) Rejected mail.—Mail which fails to pass the prescribed ex­ amination will be returned to the writer for correction.
Whenever it is evident that deliberate attempt has been
made to circumvent mail and censorship regulations, ap­ propriate disciplinary action will be taken.
17« Regulations and directives.--a. Any prisoner of war regulations
now in effect which are in conflict with the foregoing will not apply.
b. Administrative matters not specifically covered in directives or
in prisoner of war regulations will be governed by Army regulations so far
as they are not in conflict with either.
18, Publicity will be as authorized by the War Department Bureau of
Public Relations.
Ill--ELIMINATION OF CERTAIN EQUIPMENT.--1. No further issues of the
following will be made to Italian service units:
Alarm, gas MI
Mask, gas, service

Kespirator, duet M2
Helmet M-l, complete
Nets, camouflage
2. Items enumerated above already issued will " b e turned in by
Italian service units to the proper post, camp, or station supply officer.
3» In the event Italian service units are ordered to a place vhere
any or all of the foregoing items are required, such of the above equip­ ment as is necessary will " b e immediately requisitioned.
IV--KESCTSSI0NS.--1. So much of paragraph 2c, section IV, ASF Circu­ lar No. 198, 1 9 ^ , as requires a copy of W.D., P.M.G. Form No. 93> to be
furnished the Commanding General, Italian Service Units, Fort Wadsvorth,
N. Y., is rescinded.
2. ASF letter (SPX 322 (13 Mar U)OB-S-SPDC-M), 13 March 1 9 ^ sub­ ject, "Italian Service Units," as amended by letters (SPX 322 (2k Mar kk)
OB-S-SPDC-M), 30 March 1 9 ^ ; (SPX 322 (18 Apr MOOB-S-SPDCI-M), 25 April
1 9 ^ ; (SPX 322 (1 May Wf)OB-S-SPDC-M), k May 1 9 ^ ; (SPX 322 (16 May kk)
OB-S-SPDC-M), 17 May 19*^; (SPX 322 (22 May lOOOB-S-SPDC-M), 2k May 19^
(SPX 322 (25 May 1^) OB-S-SPDC-M) > 27 May 19^5 (SPX 322 (29 May kk)
S-SPDC-M), 30 May 1 9 ^ ; (SPX 322 (31 May W)OB-S-SPDC-M), Ik June 19
and (SPX 322 (23 Jun 4*f)0B-S-SPINT-M), 2^ June 1 9 H , is rescinded.
(SPX 322 (28 Jun 1+4)SPDC)
(Minimum distribution; Classes I, H , and IV installations and
Italian service units.)
By command of Lieutenant General SOMERVELL:

W. D. STYER,
Major General, General Staff Corps,
Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL:
J. A. ULIO,
Major General,
The Adjutant General.

- 19 -

(ASF Cir. 279)
25-00159-3^0

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
W A S H I N G T O N 25, D. C.

[CIR. 234] CIRCULAR " I

WAR DEPARTMENT,

WASHINGTON 25, D. C , 27 September 1943.

No. 234

Section Prisoner of war mail to or from labor details, temporary labor camps, or other
I details temporarily separated from base prisoner of war camps
Discontinuance of Abstract of Class B Allotment Deductions (W. D., F. D.
Form No. 54) JJ Designation of Army Transport Service at ports of embarkation m Assignment of air fields jy

I..Prisoner of war mail to or from labor details, temporary labor camps, or other details temporarily separated from base prisoner of war camps.— 1. Tn all instances where prisoners of Avar are separated from the prisoner of war camp to which they have been assigned and transported, care must be taken that all incoming and outgoing prisoner of war mail be processed by the base camp. Examples of such instances are prisoners of war absent from camp on labor details, or living in temporary labor camps. In these cases, as in all similar instances, all outgoing prisoner of war mail must be collected and returned to the prisoner of war camp for processing and for­ warding according to existing regulations, and incoming mail must first pass through the base camp. 2. Letters written by prisoners of war in the base camp to personnel at the temporary labor camp or vice versa, which will not go beyond the two camps, need not be cleared through the Office of Censorship or the Provost Marshal General's Office.
[A. G. 383.6 (15 Sep4.T).]

II. .Discontinuance of Abstract of Class B Allotment Deductions (W. D., F. D. Form No. 54).—Effective 1 October 1943, the preparation and submis­ sion of W. D., F. D. Form No. .14 (Abstract of Class B Allotment Deductions) are abolished, and so much of the provisions of Circular No. 364, WaiDepartment, 1942, as amended by section III, Circular No. 78, War Depari­ ment, 1943; and so much of the provisions of Circular No. 44, War Depart­ ment, 1943, as amended by section IV, Circular No. 78 and section II, Circular No. 90, War Department, 1943, as pertain to the preparation and submission of W. D., F. D. Form No. 54, are rescinded.
[A. G. 243 (16 Sep43).]

III-.Redesignation of Army Transport Service at ports of embarkation.— 1. The name Army Transport Service at ports of embarkation has been changed to Water Division. 2. Pending appropriate changes in existing Army Regulations, War De­ partment circulars, and all other applicable publications, references therein to the Army Transport Service, or to the superintendent of such service or division, will be deemed to apply to the Water Division or to the Superin­ tendent of the Water Division of the port or ports concerned and will be read and interpreted as though such changes had been made.
[A. G. 323.3 (13Sep43).]

IV..Assignment of air fields.—1. The following air fields are relieved from their present assignments and reassigned as indicated below:
Location Ardmore, Oklahoma C h a r l e s t o n , South Carolina. Kearns, Utah ' Designation Army Air Field Army Air Field From— To­

Basic Training Center No. 5. - Army Air Field

Santa Maria »..

Third Air Force Second Air Force Air Service Command. First Air Force with joint use by Air Serv­ ice Command. Training Command... Second Air Force with joint use by Training Command. Air Service Command. Fourth Air Force.
8

i Effective not later than 30 September 1943. 549941°—43—AGO 161

Effective as of 18 September 1943.

[CIE.

234]

2. The following air fields and Installations are assigned as indicated below:
Location Barco, North Carolina Deblois, Maine Mastic, New York Melfa, Virginia Tappahannock, Virginia El Dorado, Arkansas Parkersburg.AVest Virginia. Hobbs, New Mexico Las Cruces, New Mexieo.-. Socorro, New Mexico Van Horn, Texas Marietta, Georgia... Designation Fiicht Strip Flight Strip. Flight Strip Flight Strip... Flight Strip Municipal.. Wood County Airport Municipal New Municipal Municipal Municipal Army Air Field Assignment First Air Force. First Air Force. First Air Force. First Air Force. First Air Force. Training Command (Joint use In Third Air Force). Training Command. Training Command. Training Command. Training Command. Training Command. Commanding General, Army Air Forces (joint use by Matferiel Com­ mand).

3. The following joint use is authorized :
Location Anniston, Alabama. San Antonio, Texas. Cleveland, Ohio Biloxi, Mississippi.. Midland, Texas. Designation Army Air Field. Municipal Municipal Keesler Field..Municipal Present Assignment Third Air Force Third Air Force Mat6riel Command Training Command Air Transport mand. ComJoint Use By— TraiDing Comtn'and.
TiaiDing Command.
TrainiDg Command.
Third Air Force and Air
Transport Command Training Command.

4. Memorandum No. W95-17-43, 7 July 1943, as amended by paragraph 3. Memorandum No. W93-20-43, 14 August 1943, is further amended by deleting, the following:
Location Hartford, Connecticut Centerville, California Adel, Georgia.. Bowling Green, Kentucky. Designation Rentschler Field. Municipal . Municipal. Municipal. Assignment First Air Force. Fourth Air Force. Training Command. Training Command.

5. Paragraph 2 of Memorandum No. W95-20-43, 14 August 1943, is. amended as follows: a. The location of the Stacy Rest Center is changed from "Mystic," Texas,, to Kerrville, Texas (P. O'., Hunt, Texas). 6. The location of the Ozona Municipal Airport is changed from "Sam Angelo," Tesas, to Ozona, Texas.
[A. G. 686 (17 Sep43).]
B Y OEDEB OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR :

OFFICIAL: J. A. ULIO, Major General, The Adjutant General.

G. 0. MARSHALL, Chief of Stuff

u. ». SOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICEi 1943

A(!O

[CIK:

43]

CIBCVI-ARI No. 43 j

WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 1 February 1044.

STATISTICAL HEALTH REPORT (W. D., M. D. FORM NO. 86ab).—l.

The following amplification of so much of the provisions of AR 40-1080 as pertains to Statistical Health. Report (W. D., M. D. Form No. 86ab), is I>ublished for the information of all concerned. 2. Channels through which rendered (pur. 6, AR 40-1080).—a. Each unit (See pars. 4 and 5, AR 40-1080), except unnumbered (named) general hospitals, located (as of Friday midnight) •within the (JeoyraphU; limits of a base, post, camp, or station will forward its Statistical Health Report to the surgeon of the base, post, camp, or station who will consolidate the reports received by adding the entries line by line and will render a con­ solidated Statistical Health Report directly to The Surgeon General. Copies of the unit reports which are included in a consolidated report will not be forwarded to The Surgeon General. fr. Base surgeons of air bases located within the yeny rapine limits of a post, camp, or station will submit their consolidated reports to the surgeon of the post, cnmp, or station for further consolidation and will not forward a copy of the consolidated air base report to The Surgeon General. e. Each unit located (as of Friday midnight) in an Army Ground Force maneuver area will submit its Statistical Health Report to the administra­ tive headquarters in the maneuver area responsible for preparing a con­ solidated Statistical Health Report for the maneuver area. If such an administrative headquarters has not been designated, the unit will forward its Statistical Health Report direct to The Surgeon General. d. Each unit located (as of Friday midnight) outside the geographic limits of a base, post, camp, station, or Army Ground Force maneuver area will forward its Statistical Health Report direct to The Surgeon General. <•. Each unnumbered (named) general hospital will forward its Statistical Health Report direct to The Surgeon General. f. The distribution of carbon copies of the Statistical Health Report pre­ pared by each unit will be made as directed in paragraph 6, AR 40-1080. y. An information copy of the consolidated Statistical Health Reports should be forwarded to The Surgeon General by Army Ground Force head­ quarters, Army Air Force headquarters, service commands, defense com­ mands, and ports of embarkation, even though some units will necessarily be consolidated by more than one of these commands. These reports are to be marked "Information copy." h. Units of the Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, defense commands, ports of embarkation, and other subordinate administrative commands, will prepare such additional copies of the Statistical Health Report and submit such supplemental information as may be directed by competent authority. This supplemental information will not be included on the report submitted to The Surgeon General, but will be forwarded only to the headquarters requesting the information. i. The consolidated Statistical Health Report for a base, post, camp, sta­ tion, or Army Ground Force maneuver area and individual unit reports sent direct to The Surgeon General will list under "Remarks" or on an attached sheet, all organizations included (station complement, attached units, tactical units, etc.). Only the largest complete component of an organiza­
.J7OSU1 C —44—AGO 3 7

[Ciu. J3]

tion need be listed. (Example: 122~> SCSI*, 2-17 Fi. Sq. (attached), 10 Inf. Div.) 3. Consolidated reports (par. 9, AR. J0-1080).—When unit reports are received too late for incorporation in the consolidated report prepared by the surgeon of a base, post, camp, station, or Army Ground Force maneuver area, a corrected report is required after such unit reports are received. See paragraph Znl. 4. Personnel to be included (par. 11, AR 40-1080).—a. All data required on the Statistical Health Report, with the exception of the data on "Patients occupying beds" (part IV), pertain only to Army personnel. Included as Army personnel are the Women's Army Corps (WAC) and Army Air Forces (AAF). h. Retired officers not on active duty, discharged soldiers, and beneficiaries of the Soldiers' Home, or of the Veterans' Administration, and members of the Enlisted Reserve Corps on inactive duty such as those in the Army Specialist Training Reserve Program (ASTRP) are not to be considered Army personnel. c. Patients included in the categories listed in h above are to be shown as "Civilians" when reporting "Patients occupying beds" (part IV of Statistical Health Report). 5. Mean strength (par. 18, AR 40-1080).—a. The mean strength of a unit should reflect the average number of Army personnel attached or assigned to the unit for medical care during the report period. The wait Statistical Health Report prepared by a hospital will not include in its streugth the mean strength of organizations receiving hospital care from the hospital if the organizations also are included on the UDit report of some "separate" dispensary. The mean strength should not include personnel attached or assigned to organizations constituting the unit command who are absent from their organizations and are known to be included in the strength of another reporting unit. ~b. The daily Army strength of a reporting unit (hospital or "separate" dispensary) consists of the daily strength of all Army personnel of its com­ mand and the daily Army strengths of all organizations attached to the unit for medical care. This strength figure includes assigned or attached per­ sonnel who are carried on their organizational morning report as present or absent, except those who are absent on detached service, and those who are absent sick in a hospital (even if in the hospital located on the same base, post, camp, or station as the reporting unit). c. The mean strength of a unit is obtained by adding the daily Army strengths of the unit during the report period, phis (if the unit is a hospital) the daily number of Army patients treated by the reporting hospital on a hospital status during the report period, and then by dividing this sum by the number of clays in the report period. If the report period is a week, the sum of the daily strengths is divided by 7; if the report period is 4 or 5 weeks, the sum of the daily strengths is divided by 28 or 35, respectively. This procedure holds even though the unit may have been in operation for only a portion of the report period. d. In a consolidated report the mean strength figure reported will be the sum of the mean strengths of the incorporated units given on the unit Staiistical Health Reports received for consolidation. When a unit report is received too late for inclusion in the consolidated report rendered by the AfiO 17

CiK. 4:',]

surgeon of the base, post, camp, station, or Army Ground Force maneuver area, this fact along with the approximate strength of the unit not incor­ poraled in the report, will he recorded under "Remarks" or on an attached sheer. See paragraph Sn. 6. Admissions, dispositions, and total number of Army patients under treatment (Patients' Table) (par. 30, AR 40-1080).—u. Paragraph 19«. AK 40-1080. states that "Each admitted patient will appear only once in the Patients' Table of the reporting unit until he is disposed of, ! * *." This statement refers to "direct" admissions, line 3 of the report. In preparing a consolidated Statistical Health Report, each item of the Patients' Table is obtained by adding the corresponding entries for that item as given in the reports of the individual units. By doing so, a patient may appear on a consolidated report as both a "direct" admission in line 3 and an admission by transfer in line 4 (which is counterbalanced by an entry as a disposition by transfer on line 8). This patient on the same consolidated report will also be shown either as a disposition (possibly again by transfer if to another hospital) or as remaining on the last day of period (line 13). 7. Reporting of patients by dispensaries (par. 21, AR 40-1080).—<t. It should be noted that the procedure to be employed by "separate" dispensaries in completing the Patients' Table of the Statistical Health Report, has been revised. b. Patients admitted to a "separate"' dispensary and immediately trans­ ferred to a hospital, having lost no time in quarters, will be reported by the dispensary on its Statistical Health Report, part II (Patients' 'Table), as a "direct" admission (line 3) under "Hospital" column and will be disposed of on the same report as a transfer (line 8) under "Hospital1' column. c. Patients admitted to a "separate" dispensary who are assigned to quar­ ters or treated in a dispensary bed for 24 hours or more will be reported by I be dispensary on its Statistical Health Report, part II (Patients' Table), as a "direct'" admission (line 3) under "Quarters" column. Dispositions will be made of these patients on the appropriate line under "(Jnnrtcrs" column. 8. Patients in convalescent facilities (par. 22, AR 40-1080).—a. A con­ valescent facility is defined as a place designated by compel cut authority to be used for the reconditioning and rehabilitation of convalescent patients. h. Patients occupying beds in a "fixed" hospital will not be considered to be in a convalescent facility even though they may be included in a rehabili­ tation or reconditioning program instituted at the hospital. 9. Days lost by Army patients due to venereal diseases (par. 31, AR 40-10X0).—a. The total days lost from duty by Army patients in hospital or quarters because of venereal disease (syphilis, gonorrhea, or other venereal diseases) will be reported on the Statistical Health Report (part VI) ren­ dered by the unit actually treating the patient. Patients in a venereal disease facility will not be included in part VI. b. The data reported on part VI of the Statistical Health Report will be included in that report on part V, days lost by Army patients. r. In instances where a patient is hospitalized for some reason other than for the treatment of a venereal disease and is subsequently discovered to have a venereal disease, the reported days lost because of venereal disease .for Ibis patient will cover the usual number of days that lie would have

[Cm. 43] been hospitalized for the treatment of his venereal infection if the other condition requiring; hospitalization had not been present. 10. Percent remaining sick on last day of period (par. 33, AR 40-1030).— ft. The percent remaining sick < > u the last day of the report period will not be reported on the Statistical Health Report (line 41) prepared by any unit located in the zone of the interim'. 6. Units located in a theater of operations trill compute the percent re­ maining sick on the last day of the report period and report this percentage showing two places following the decimal point. 11. Readmitted cases of communicable diseases (par. 347?, AR 40-1080).— a. When a patient who had been returned to duty or had been "carded for record only" is subsequently readmitted to the same or some other medical unit for treatment of the same communicable disease, he will be reported on the appropriate line under column 2 (part IX, Statistical Health Report) and also shown on the same line under column 3 as a "readmitted" case (for example, "old" gonorrhea, "old" syphilis, or relapses of malarial fever previously treated by a medical unit). h. The transfer of a patient from one medical unit to another is only an incident in the treatment of the patient and does not constitute a readmission. c. Readmission of a patient with a common respiratory disease will not be considered as a "readmission" for the same condition for which he had been previously treated on a hospital or quarters status. 12. "New" cases of venereal disease admitted (par. 34», AR 40-10S0).— a. The term "long" formerly applied to cases of venereal disease has been dropped from the Statistical Health Report. b. The term "new" cases of venereal disease as used in AR 40-1080 and on the Statistical Health Report refers to cases of venereal disease which were not previously reported by any Army medical unit and will include those cases formerly classified as "new" or "long." e. "New'.' cases of venereal disease, which are "carded for record only" (generally treated on a duty status) will be included in parts IX and X of the Statistical Health Report as well as in part II of the report. 13. Classification of venereal cases by EPTS and nonEPTS (par. 34o. AR 40-1080).—a. All "new" cases shown under column 2, part IX of the Statistical Health Report will be classified as EPTS (existed prior to serv­ ice) or nonEPTS (not existed prior to service) and will be shown in part X of the same report. 6. All "new" cases of syphilis, except those discussed in d below, in indi­ viduals with 21 days or more of active service at the time of reporting for medical attention at an Army hospital or dispensary will not be considered EPTS cases. c. All "new" cases of other venereal diseases (including gonorrhea) in individuals with 7 days or more of active service at the time of reporting for medical attention at an Army hospital or dispensary will not be considered EPTS cases. d. When the medical officer has obtained authenticated records from either civilian or military sources which indicate that a "new" case of syphilis had its onset prior to induction or enlistment into active service, such case will be classified as an EPTS case regardless of length of active service.
AGO 3 7

[CIK. 4::]

14. Normal bed capacity (par 3(i7/, AR 4O-lnxOi.—a. For umuniibrred hospitals (station and general*. The normal bed capacity reported will inc-lucle the number of beds, previously reported as "expansion" beds, -which could be set up on the basis of 100 square feet per lied in barracks or other buildings made available to the surgeon for hospital use and which have been converted for the receipt and carp < > f patients if these buildings have been authorized by compctaii authority as part of the normal lied capacity of the hospital. b. Paragraph 19, section III, Office of The Surgeon General Circular Letter No. 1, 1043, is rescinded. The normal bed capacity of buildings of cantonment type construction will be reported as follows:
No. of normal beds

IP

Waid type

Xo. of expansion beds

Ward lypf1

Xo. of expansion herts

W-l W-2, 3, 4 W-5, 6, 7 W-8

25 22 21

8 4 4

N-H._
O-H._
Q-H . R-H_. S-H-. W-A-TH NSPW 76 MNPW 82 HCW 88 !

8
19

C-H

D-H to H-H I-H
J-H K-H L-H

19 23 22 19
53 44 44

6 10 4 6
16 8 12

26 30 72 46 21 68 74 76

4 1 11 12 24
10

9
8

8 12

15. Expansion bed capacity (par. SCx; AR 40-1080).—It should lie iiofnd that the term emergency beds, previously used, has been dropped and that the beds now referred to as expansion beds will include all additional IU-MIS that could be set up in excess of the normal bed capacity. 16. Reporting of authorized bed capacity (par. 3K, AR 40-1080).--*/. The authorized bed capacity of a hospital will be that portion of its total bed capacity which is authorized for use at any particular time i see r be|«»\v). The authorized bed capacity will be fixed in accordance with policies estab­ lished by The Surgeon General. b. The Commanding General of the Army Air Forces, the commanding general of each service command, and the commanding general of each port of embarkation will have the responsibility of designating the authorized bed capacity of each hospital under his jurisdiction. c. The authorized bed capacity \isually will be the number of normal beds required for hospitalization on the basis of 4 percent of the average strength of personnel for whom hospital care is provided. This percentage, however, may be varied in accordance with local conditions whenever directed by competent authority. The authorized normal bed capacity may be increased during winter months or during any emergency by using part or all of the expansion capacity of the wards and rooms authorized for hospitalization. d. Under the above provisions, each hospital will report under "Remarks" on its Statistical Health Report Ihr normal and tola] beds that have hen authorized to be set up for use. AGO 17

[TIL;. 4:;]

6
17. Tabulation of bed capacity and beds occupied (par. 3<W, AR -10­ 1080.1.—The following examples are published for the information and guidance of all concerned : a. First cniiiii'lf.—The hospital comprises four (4) W - l Type Wards. The authorized normal bed rapacity has heeu designated as two of the four wards. The number of patients occupying; beds as of F r i d a y midnight is 38. Method of ciilciihiiioii. Normal bed capacity of W - l Type Ward on basis of 300 square feet per bed=2.">. Expansion bod capacity (addirionnl beds) by reducing normal bed space to 72 square fwr per bed in a W - l Type W a r d = S . 77/ in:
Normal bed capacity=2ri by 4"-=100.
Expansion bed capacity = S by 4 = 3 2 .
Total bed capaci1y=132.
Authorized beds (2 wards ordered closed) = 0 0 .
Ait thud of n i>orii>u/.—Part VII ( Hospitalization d a t a ) of .Statistical Healtli Report.
Fixed hospital Hospital buildings Normal (1) Expansion (2) Total (3)

34 (P) Bed c a p a c i t y . . 35 (Q) Beds occupied.

100 38

32

132 38

Remark*.—Authorized beds: Normal. .">0; Total, 50. h. ticcontl twain pic—The hospital comprises four P-1I Type W a r d s and one O-H Type Ward. The authorized bed capacity is 147 beds (one P - H Type W a r d ordered closed). The number of patients occupying beds as of Friday midnight is li'O. Method of calculation. Normal bed capacity of P - H Type W a r d on basis of 100 square feet per bed=2(i. Normal bed capacity of C-H Type W a r d on the basis of 100 square feet per b e d = 2 3 . Expansion bed capacity (additional beds) by reducing normal bed space to 72 square feet per bed in a P-H. Type W a r d = 1 2 . Expansion bed capacity (additional beds) by reducing normal floor space in a C-H Type W a r d = 1 0 . Thus: Normal bed capacity = (26 by 4) + 2 3 = 1 2 7 .
Expansion bed capacity = (12 by 41 + 1 0 = 5 8 .
Total bed capacity=18o.
Authorized b e d s :
Normal b e d s = 1 0 1 .
Expansion b e d s = 4 6 .
Total beds = 147.
AGO 17

[CIR. 4.°.]

Method of reporting—\\n-t Report.

VII ( Hospitill\-/.»lion (lain) (it! Statistical Health

Fixed hospital Hospitnl building's Normal (1) Expansion (2) Total (3)

34 (P) Bed capacity 35 (Q) Beds occupied - _

-

127 101

58 19

1S5 120

Remarks.—-Authorized beds: Normal, 101; Total, 147. 18. Classification of patients occupying beds (par. 36./, All 40-1080).— a. Personnel (exclusive of WAC) of the Arms and Services assigned or attached for duty with the Army Air Forces will be considered as AAF personnel and will be included in the figures reported on lines IS or 10 of the Statistical Health Report. b. All WAC personnel, officers and enlisted women combined, occupying beds on the last day of the report period, will be reported on line 20 of the Statistical Health Report. 19. Statistical Health Report for prisoners of war.—a. A separate weekly Statistical Health Report, W. D., M. I). Form No. S6ab, will be prepared by the surgeon responsible for medical care in each permanent prisoners of war camp and will deal only with the health and hospitalization status of the prisoners of war (l'W). This report will be forwarded directly to The Surgeon General. b. The prisoners of war report will be prepared in the same manner as that prepared for Army personnel with the following exceptions: (1) Line (A) will show in parenthesis after the designation and location of the unit the nationality of the prisoners of war and the letters "l'W." (2.) The mean strength of the prisoners of war will be reported in part I of the form under "Total Army." (3) In reporting the number of patients occupying beds on the last day of the report period (part IV of the form), only lines 23 and 24 will be completed. (4) In reporting hospitalization data (part VII of the form), only the blanks relating to tbe number of beds for PW on line 36 will be completed.
[A. G. 319.1 (20 J a n 44).] l ' Y ORDER OF THE SECRETARY Ob" WAI! :

<;. C. MARSHALL,

Chief of Staff.

J. A. ULIO, Major General,
The Adjutant General.

AI;O IT
GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F F I C E : 1944

[Cm. 901 V
CIRCULARI No. 90 J

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 29 February 1944.

Section ENLISTED AVIATION STUDENTS—Subsistence allowance I FINANCE CIRCULAR—Rescission of "C" series II MILITARY INFORMATION—Disclosure Ill PROPERTY—Unserviceable, determination of disposition IV TABLES OF ORGANIZATION—Rescissions.. V UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE—Prisoners of War—Changes in AR 350-3100 _ VI WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS—Appointment In Army Nurse Corps and Medical Department. VII

I..ENLISTED AVIATION STUDENTS.—1. Pursuant to authority vested in the Secretary of War in item C, section I, Executive Order No. 9386, 15 October 1943, which grants allowances for quarters and subsistence to enlisted men not furnished quarters or rations in kind, the allowance authorized in paragraph 2 has been administratively determined. 2. Enlisted aviation students undergoing training at Army Air Forces installations under the provisions of AR 615-150 come within the purview of item C of Executive Order No. 9386 and are authorized a daily monetary allowance of $1.00 in lieu of rations furnished in kind. This rate has been determined as adequate and applies whether or not Government messing facilities are furnished.
[A. Q.246.84(19 Jan 44).]

II..FINANCE CIRCULAR.—The following Finance Circulars for the fiscal year 1943, which superseded comparable Finance Circulars for prior fiscal years are rescinded as of 30 June 1943 and superseded by the War Department Fiscal Code, 1 July 1943, as amended, and T. M. 14-700, War Department Fiscal Code, 1 January 1944: Finance Circular No. C-l, 1 July 1942, as amended (restricted). Finance Circular No. C-2, 1 July 1942, as amended (restricted). Finance Circular No. C-3, 25 July 1942, as amended (restricted). Finance Circular No. C-4, 1 May 1943.
fA. Q. 130 (22 Feb 44).]

HI..MILITARY INFORMATION.—I. Commanders will instruct all personnel, military and civilian, to refrain from any speculation or discussion, either in private or for publication, regarding secret weapons or equipment, current and future military operations or plans, and the movements of troops and ships prior to announcement in each case by proper authority. 2. Nothing on these subjects either issuing from or related to international conferences will be published or discussed without prior authorization.
[A. G. 000.7 (19 Feb 44).]

IV..PROPERTY.—Paragraph 4, Circular No. 7, War Department,
1944, is rescinded, and the following substituted therefor:
4. Determination of disposition not to be made by station supply officer — Station supply officers will not determine disposition of unserviceable prop­ erty, except items of simple type obviously beyond a state of repair and not covered in disposition instructions issued by a chief of technical service or other authority, but will call upon a repair shop for technically qualified inspectors whose determination of disposition will be followed. Commanding generals of service commands will publish instructions providing for the proper disposition of unserviceable property at stations where there are no local repair shops. Instructions for disposition of Army Air Forces property will
570801°—44—AGO 233

[GIB.

00]

be issued by the Commanding General, Army Air Forces. These instruc­ tions, to the maximum extent possible, will follow the principles contained in this circular.
[A. G. 400.701 (24 Jan. 44).|

y_ .TABLES OF ORGANIZATION.—The listed below are rescinded.
T/o Title

Tables of

Organization
Date

3-207S-Trin 4-67-2S-PR 4-104S-PC 4-104S-Trin 4-232S-PR 5-200-1S-NBC­ 6-187S-Alaska._ 6-237S-ABC 8-10S-PR 8-20S-PC 8-20S-PR 8-30S-PC 8-560S-BBC 10-10S-PC 10-10S-PR 10-20S-PC 10-20S-PR 11-18S ll-167S-Trin-BC 11-388S... 12-6O1S-PC__... 20-4S-PC 20-4-1S-PR 20-4-2S-PR 20-4-3S-PR 20-4-4S-PR 20-4-5S--PR 20-4-6S-PR 20-4-7S-PR 20-4-8S-PR

Chemical Warfare Detachment, Head­ quarters, Trinidad Sector and Base Command. Coast Artillery Battery, Harbor Defense (Battery Reed). Coast Artillery Junior Mine Planter, PCD. Coast Artillery Junior Mine Planter Headquarters and Headquarters Com­ pany, Puerto Rican Sector. Engineer Headquarters Detachment, Newfoundland Base Command. Field Artillery Battery, 75-mm Howitzer, Tractor-drawn. Field Artillery Detachment, 75-mm Gun, 1916, Antigua Base Command. Medical Department Laboratory— Puerto Rican Sector. Dental Laboratory, Panama Canal Department. First Dental Laboratory (Depart­ mental), Puerto Rican Sector. Veterinary Service Detachment, Panama Canal Department. Station Hospital, Bermuda Base Com­ mand, including C 1, 6 July 1942. Corozal General Depot Puerto Rican General Depot School for Bakers and Cooks, Quarter­ master Section, Corozal General Depot. School for Bakers and Cooks, Puerto Rican Sector. 227th Signal Company (Composite) 70th Signal Company, Trinidad Base Command. Signal Company, Depot, Aviation Army Postal Detachment, Panama Canal Department. Station Complements—Panama Canal Department. Station Complement—Port of San Juan_ Station Complement—Fort Buchanan Station Complement—Camp Tortuguero. Station Complement—Henry Barracks. _ Station Complement—Camp O'Reilly Station Complement—US Army Troops —St. Thomas, V. I. Port of San Juan—Fort Buchanan Headquarters and Headquarters De­ tachment and Service Company— Antigua.

4 May 1942 6 Mar. 1943 23 Apr. 1943 11 June 1942 6 Mar. 1943 14 Apr. 1942 25 Aug. 1941 26 May 1942 6 Mar. 1943 23 Apr. 1943 6 Mar. 1943 23 Apr. 1943 20 Apr. 1942 23 Apr. 1943 6 Mar. 1943 23 Apr. 1943 6 Mar. 1943 10 Aug. 1942 4 May 1942 30 Apr. 1942 23 Apr. 1943 Do. 6 Mar. 1943 Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do. Do.
AGO 233

[CIR.

90]

T/O

Title

Date

20-4-9S-PR 20-14S-PC_ 20-14S-PR. 60-80-1 200-1 S-AL_. 200-lS-Car. 200-1S-IBC 200-1S-PC. 200-lS-Trin 200-2S-Al_. 200-2S-IBC 200-2S-PC. 200-2S-Trin 200-12S-PC

Headquarters and Headquarters De­ tachment and Service Company— Jamaica. Finance Detachment, Panama Canal Department. Finance Office, U. S. Army—Puerto Rican Sector. Headquarters and Headquarters and Service Company (Composite) No. 8012. Headquarters, Alaska Defense Com­ mand. Headquarters and Headquarters De­ tachment, Caribbean Defense Com­ mand. Headquarters, Iceland Base Command.. Headquarters, Panama Canal Depart­ ment. Base Headquarters, Trinidad Sector, including Cl, 24 Jan. 1942. Headquarters Company, Alaska Defense Command. Headquarters Company, Iceland Base Command. Headquarters Company, Panama Canal Department. Headquarters Company, Trinidad Base Command, including Cl, 24 Jan. 1942. Headquarters and Headquarters Com­ pany, Department Training Center, Rio Hato. Headquarters and Headquarters Com­ pany, Trinidad Mobile Force.

6 Mar. 1943 23 Apr. 1943 6 Mar. 1943 20 Mar. 1942 6 Feb. 1943 12 Feb. 1943 29 May 1943 23 Apr. 1943 14 Jan. 1942 6 Feb. 1943 29 May 1943 23 Apr. 1943 13 Jan. 1942 23 Oct. 1941 5 Apr. 1943

[A. G. 320 3 (21 Feb. 44) (24 Feb. U).]

VI .UNITED STATES ARMED FORCES INSTITUTE.—I. Section IV, Circular No. 84, War Department, 1944, is rescinded. 2. Pending the printing of changes in AR 350-3100, 30 July 1943, para­ graph 8c of those regulations is added as follows: 8c. Prisoners of war.—The fees provided for in a above do not apply to enlisted personnel of the United States Armed Forces held as prisoners of war in enemy territory. Such personnel will not pay fees, but will auto­ matically become members of the United States Armed Forces Institute on application for educational courses.
[A. G. 353.9 (21 Jin 44V]

VII.-WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS.—I. Because of the critical shortage of nurses, dietitians, and physical therapy aides, personnel of the Women's Army Corps, both officer and enlisted, may be released from the Women's Army Corps for appointment in the Army Nurse Corps and in the Medical Department of the Army as dietitians or Medical Department physical therapy aides, provided that— a. Request for release from the Women's Army Corps and for appointment in the Army Nurse Corps or other branches of the Medical Department is initiated by the individual concerned and approved by the Director of the Women's Army Corps.
AGO 233

[Cut. 90] b. The applicant is fully qualified, both professionally and physically, for such appointment as determined by The Surgeon General. c. In the event of release from the Women's Army Corps, the applicant will be immediately appointed in the Army Nurse Corps or other branches of the Medical Department in accordance with her qualifications. 2. The professional and physical requirements for the three services are as follows: a. Army Nurse Corps. (1) Physical qualifications.—Compliance with provisions of AR 40-100. (2) Professional qualifications. (a) Preliminary education.—The applicant must be a graduate of an accredited high school or have an education equiv­ alent thereto; or, if graduated prior to 1934, she must have a minimum of 2 years of high school education or its equivalent. (b) Nursing education.—The applicant must be a graduate of an approved school of nursing connected with a hospital giving a 3-year course in basic nursing subjects, in­ clusive of medicine, surgery, obstetrics, and pediatrics. The hospital must have had a daily average of at least 50 patients during the applicant's training period. When the school from which a nurse was graduated is connected with a hospital unable to care for obstetrics, pediatrics, and medical nursing in separate departments, even though the hospital may have a minimum daily average of 50 patients, affiliated or postgraduate courses in these subjects are required. Preparation in the nursing care of communicable diseases is highly desir­ able. (c) Education in lieu of required training.—Consideration will be given to applicants from schools which do not meet the requirements if the graduate has had the following affiliated or postgraduate training: 1. For a graduate of a school connected with a hos­ pital having a daily average of 35 to 49 pa­ tients, inclusive, a minimum of 6 months' affiliated or postgraduate training of a type acceptable to make up the deficiencies of her basic training. 2. For graduate of a school connected with a hospital having a daily average of 20 to 34 patients, inclusive, a minimum of 9 months, as in 1 above. (d) Registration.—Current registration as provided for by State laws is a requirement for assignment to active service in the Army Nurse Corps. (e) Age requirements.—For appointment in the grade of reserve nurse, until she has reached her 45th birthday.
AGO 233

[CIR.

90]

5

b. Hospital dietitians. (1) Physical qualifications.—Compliance with provisions of AR 40-100. (2) Professional qualifications.—An applicant to be eligible for ap­ pointment to the position of dietitian must have a bachelor's degree from an approved college with either a major in foods and nutrition or in institutional management. In addition she must have completed a training course for dietitians ap­ proved by The Surgeon General. Two years of experience in a hospital approved by The Surgeon General may be substi­ tuted for the training course providing the experience includes diet therapy, planning adequate menus, supervising employees in food preparation and service, controlling food costs, and ordering food supplies and equipment. One year of this expe­ rience must have been within the past 10 years. No appoint­ ment may be made after the applicant has reached her 45th birthday. c. Medical Department physical therapy aides. (1) Physical qualifications.—Compliance with provisions of AR 40-100. (2) Professional qualifications.—The minimum requirement for appoint­ ment to the position of physical therapy aide will be completion of 2 years in an approved college with major emphasis on physi­ cal education or biological science, or graduation from an accredited course in nursing; and, in addition to one of the above, completion of a training course in physical therapy approved by The Surgeon General. Appointments will not be made after the applicant has reached her 45th birthday. 3. All applications for appointment in the Army Nurse Corps and other branches of the Medical Department of the Army under the provisions of this circular will contain— a. Full information as to professional qualifications. b. Report of physical examination, final type, rendered on W. D., A. G. O. Form No. 63 (Report of Physical Examination). 4. Appointment will be made in grade of second lieutenant only.
[A. G. 210.1 (27 Jan 44).] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR:

G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of Staff. OFFICIAL:

J. A. ULIO, Major General,
The Adjutant General.

A(JO 23.3
U S 5MC«l|1 NT P - ' N T I N OFFICE

[CiR. 142]

j
No

W A R

DEPARTMENT,

-142

J

WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 11 April 1944.

Section ALIEN ENEMIES AND ENEMY PRISONERS OF WAR—Expenses I BAGGAGE—Individual, from overseas, clearance agency established II FILM STRIP—Redistribution of projector equipment III HOSPITALIZATION AND EVACUATION OF PERSONNEL—Responsibilities, commanders of ports and service commands IV MEDAL—United States of America Typhus Commission V MEDICAL DEPARTMENT—Arm or service entry on W. D., M. D. Form No 52 VI SCHOOL FOR SPECIAL SERVICE—Designation changed VII TABLE OF ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT—Changes In T/O and E 20-107 VIII

I-ALIEN ENEMIES AND ENEMY PRISONERS OF WAR.—Section VIII, Circular No. 71, War Department, 1942, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 1. Section 15, Military Appropriation Act, 1944, approved 1 July 1943 (Bull. 13, WD, 1943), provides : The Secretary of War is authorized to utilize any appropriation available for the Military Establishment, under such regulations as he may prescribe, for all expenses incident to the maintenance, pay, and allowances of prisoners of war, other persons in Army custody whose status is determined by the Secretary of War to be similar to prisoners of war, and persons detained in Army custody pursuant to Presidential proclamation. 2. Expenses incurred pursuant to the foregoing will, in all cases within continental United States where similar payments are authorized for Army activities, be charged to like appropriations as for expenses incident thereto, for example—
Item
Charge to—

Pay and allowances Travel Apprehension of escaped prisoners Subsistence Clothing Communications Medical and hospital treatment Shelter

Finance Service, Army.
Finance Service, Army.
Finance Service, Army.
Supplies and Transportation, Army.
Supplies and Transportation, Army.
Signal Service, Army.
Medical and Hospital Department,
Army. Engineer Service, Army.

3. Authorized expenses for which existing allotments are not available specifically will be charged to the applicable allotment available for like services or supplies for the Army. 4. The following instructions will govern the incurring of expenses inci­ dent to the apprehension and return of escaped enemy prisoners of war within continental United States, in accordance with the foregoing: a. Civil officers or other persons apprehending an escaped prisoner of war will be paid a reward of $15 plus not to exceed $10 for actual and necessary expenditures incident to the pursuit and apprehension of such prisoner. In addition, reimbursement is authorized for reasonable expenses not exceed­ ing $1 per day incident to the confinement of such escaped prisoner of war in nonmilitary facilities. Immediate request should be made to the com­
579701°—44—AGO 115

[Cm. 142] manding officer of the nearest post, camp, station, or prisoner of war camp for military guard to assume custody of the prisoner. b. Officers and employees of the United States Government (as distin­ guished from those of a State, county, or city) may not legally be paid the payments mentioned in a above, but reimbursement within the limits pre­ scribed in a above may be made to them, or to the department in which they are employed, of actual expenses of apprehension, detention, and return to military control of a prisoner of war. c. The appropriate sum will be paid for each prisoner of war apprehended and returned. If two or more persons apprehend and return one or more prisoners, the appropriate sum will be paid to them jointly. d. Payments mentioned in this circular will be made by disbursing officers of the Finance Department and will be in full satisfaction of all expenses of arresting, keeping, and delivering an escaped prisoner of war.
[ A . G. 1 1 2 . 5 (120 J a n 4 4 ) . ]

II..BAGGAGE.—I. A baggage clearance agency has been established by the Chief of Transportation, Army Service Forces, for the purpose of expe­ diting delivery of individual baggage shipped to the United States separately from owners who have returned from oversea commands. 2. To insure that personnel returned from oversea stations have the above information available, commanders will inform such individuals, after their reassignment at stations in the United States, that all reports of address to which baggage should be shipped from ports of embarkation and all inquiries concerning such baggage will be addressed to the Chief of Transportation, Army Service Forces (Traffic Control Division), Washington 25, D. C. 3. Notifications of address to which baggage is to be forwarded will carry the classification of the travel orders on which the individuals returned from the oversea command, will be accompanied by two copies of such orders if classified restricted, and will be forwarded in substantially the form given below. In the case of those travel orders classified higher than restricted, extract copies only, classified restricted, will accompany these notifications. SUBJECT: Notification of Address to Which Baggage is to be Forwarded. TO: The Chief of Transportation, Army Service Forces (Traffic Control Division), Washington 23, D. C 1. Request my personal baggage to be shipped to
(Name and address of new permanent station or other address to which baggage Is to be shipped.)

2. Two (2) copies of travel orders on which I returned from an over­ sea station to the United States are inclosed. 3. I certify that this shipment is not intended, directly or indirectly, for any other person or persons, or for sale; I also agree to remit to the Finance Officer, United States Army, Washington, D. C, any excess cost due to excess weight, or special service, specific routing, or any other service which involves additional expense.
Signed:
Print:

(Grade and name)
(Serial number)

1 Incl.: 2 copies of orders.
[A. G. 524 (30 Mar 44).]

(Arm or service)

AGO 115

[Cm. 142]

3

HI-.FILM STRIP.—1. Reports from the field indicate that the training value of film strips is not generally realized or appreciated. 2. A film strip is a series of separate still pictures arranged in sequence on a roll of 35-mm. film. It is designed to present subjects where the concept of motion is not necessary. With it the instructor has at his disposal a valuable educational aid which facilitates instruction by providing visual illustrations, both photographic and diagrammatic, which clarify and em­ phasize difficult points. More detailed information on the use of film strips is available in FM 21-7, TM 21-250, and FS 21-1. 3. Pending revision of T/A 20, in order to facilitate the use of film strips Signal Corps supply agencies are directed to honor requisitions for Film Strip Projectors PH-222 by units (zone of interior or oversea theaters) on the basis of 1 per battalion or similar unit and higher headquarters Army Air Forces units excepted). Units desiring this material should submit requisitions through normal signal supply channels. Units now in the zone of interior are authorized to retain the film strip projectors and to take this equipment overseas. 4. Units authorized projector equipment may draw pei'tinent film strips and retain them as long as needed for instructional purposes. When no longer needed, film strips will be turned in to the nearest film library. Silent film strips will be issued without accountability. 5. Units to which projectors are issued are responsible for first echelon maintenance. Replacement lamps and other accessory equipment will be available in training film libraries. Projectors will be returned periodically :o the nearest film library for second echelon maintenance. 6. Memorandum No. W700-8-43, 1 February 1943, is amended accordingly.
[A. G. 413..J6 (14 Mar 44).]

IV..HOSPITALIZATION AND EVACUATION OF PERSONNEL.—Par­ agraph 9a(l)(d), section II, Circular No. 316, War Department, 1943, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 9a(1) (d) Under the Chief of Transportation, commanders of ports of embarkation are responsible for the evacuation of patients, except air evacuation, for overseas forces upon call of the commanders thereof. Commanders of ports will call upon commanders of oversea forces for any information required. Commanders of ports or service commands, as appropriate, will arrange with The Sur­ geon General for bed credits In general hospitals for the disposition of patients evacuated from overseas to ports. Commanders of ports will be responsible for the transfer of patients arriving at port of embarkation to the custody of the service command. Commanders of ports will call upon the commanding general of the service command in which the port is located for any assistance required from the service command for evac­ uation of patients hospitalized at the port itself or of patients evacuated to the port from overseas. See paragraph 10.
[A. G. 70.5 (o Ai>r 4 4 ) . ]

AGO 115

[Cm. 1-12] V..MEDAL.—\. General.—The United States of America Typhus Com­ mission Medal with suitable appurtenances is authorized for award by the President or at his direction to persons who, on or after 24 December 1942, may render or contribute meritorious service in connection with the work of the Commission. See Executive Order 9285, 24 December 1942 (sec. II, Bull. 3, WD, 1943). 2. Recommendations.—a. Who may submit.—Recommendations may be initiated by any Individual having personal knowledge of the facts of the rendition or contribution of the required service. ft. Preparation.—Recommendation will describe specifically and in detail the service deemed to be meritorious, including dates, the nature of the act or acts forming the basis for the recommendation, and a proposed citation. The recommendation must establish the fact that the act or service was of such a character as to meet the requirements prescribed for the award. In the case of members of the armed forces, the recommendation will contain a statement that the entire service subsequent to the time the individual performed the act or service has been honorable. o. Forwarding.—Each recommendation will be submitted separately through channels and through the Director, United States of America Typhus Commission, Washington, D. C, to The Adjutant General, Attention, War Department Decorations Board. Each agency or person through which the recommendation passes will indicate approval or disapproval. d. Processing by Executive Committee of the Commission. (1) The Executive Committee of the Typhus Commission will refer recommendations to the appropriate governmental department concerned for comment or concurrence. (a) Recommendations pertaining to personnel of the United States Navy, the United States Public Health Service, or to citizens or military personnel of foreign nations, will be referred to the Secretary of the Navy, the Fed­ eral Security Administrator, or the Secretary of State, respectively. (&) Recommendations pertaining to military or civilian per­ sonnel of the Army will be referred to the War Depart­ ment agency concerned. (2) The Director of the Commission, in forwarding recommendations to the War Department Decorations Board, will indicate thereon coordination with other agencies and his approval or disap­ proval. e. War Department action. (1) The War Department Decorations Board will forward recom­ mendations to the Secretary of War, indicating approval or disapproval of the award. (2) The Secretary of War, acting for the President, will approve such recommendations as may be considered deserving and will present, or direct presentation of, the medal and appurtenances in the manner prescribed in paragraph 3. 3. Presentation.—The Secretary of War, or an officer designated by him, will act as a personal representative of the President for the presentation of the United States of America Typhus Commission Medal. The ceremony of presentation will be simple, and will not include attendant troops or
AGO 115

[Cm. 142] music. Suitable arrangement will be made to have present at the presenta­ tion ceremony such higher officers of the armed services of the United States or of cobelligerent countries, members of the United States or other national Public Health Services, representatives of the Department of State of the United States, or diplomatic representatives of any foreign nation, as may be appropriate. 4. How published.—Notification of awards of the United States of Amer­ ica Typhus Commission Medal will be published in War Department General Orders. 5. Wearing of Medal.—The United States of America Typhus Commis­ sion Medal will take precedence over the Good Conduct Medal and will be worn on the left breast in such order of precedence and in accordance with the provisions of AR 600-40. 6. Regulations.—Procedures governing awards of this medal not specifi­ cally outlined above will be governed by AR 600-45.
[A. G. 200.6 (25 Mar 44).]

VI..MEDICAL DEPARTMENT,—In order to identify individuals, com­ missioned or enlisted, in an arm or service other than the Air Corps, who are assigned or attached to the Army Air Forces at the time of admission to a medical installation for treatment, there will be entered under arm or service on W. D., M. D. Form No. 52 (Register Card), in addition to the arm or service in which commissioned or enlisted, the designation (AAF) ; for example, 127th Sig Bn (AAF). See paragraph 10, AR 40-1025.
[A. G. 704 (7 Apr 44).]

VII—SCHOOL FOR SPECIAL SERVICE.—The designation of the School for Special Service is changed to School for Special and Morale Services.
[A. G. 352 (23 Mar 44).]

VIII—TABLE OF ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT.—Pending the printing of changes to T/O and E 20-107, S March 1944, section II of that table, under the heading Musical instruments (p. 6), is changed by deleting the allowance of 1 bassoon, Heckel system, with case, per 28-man band. [A. G. 320.3 (8 Apr 44).]
BY OKDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAS :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

ROBERT H. DUNLOP,
Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant General.

AGO 115

U

5 .GOVERNMENT

PRINTING

OFFICE:

1944

[CIK. 150]

CIRCULAR 1 No. 150 J

WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 15 April 1944.

Section ARMY SPECIALIZED TRAINING PROGRAM—Memorandums rescinded I CLAIM—Payment of soldiers' deposits and interest II EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS—Administration and discipline of military personnel at civilian III OFFICER CANDIDATE SCHOOL—Suspension of certain ~_ IV PRISONER OF WAR—Changes in TM 27-251 y SELECTEES—Policy governing hernia VI SKOTGUN—Withdrawal of certain from troops VII I-.ARMY SPECIALIZED TRAINING PROGRAM.—!. The War Depart­ ment memorandums listed below relating to the organization and operation of Army Specialized Training Units are rescinded. Memorandum No. W350-47-43 W350-63-13 W35O-75-43 W350-83-43 W350-131-13 W350-157-43 W350-241-43 Date Subject Change

W350-30&-43 W700-18-43 W775-3-43

Army Specialized Training Program Cl, 26 August 1943 Organization and Operation. 17 March 1943 Organization and Operation of the "Cadet" System for Army Specialized Training Units. Furnishing Information to Commandants 28 March 1943 of Army Specialized Training Program Units and Heads of Institutions. Trainees, Aimy Specialized Training 2 April 1943 Program, and College Fraternities. 18 May 1943 _. Furloughs for Army Specialized Training Program Trainees. 7 June 1943 Promotion of Grade Seven Trainees upon Assignment to Advanced Course ASTP. 2 September 1943.. Report of Army Specialized Training Program Trainees Recommended for Continuation in or Graduation From a Curriculum at the End of Any Term. Transcript of Academic Record, Army Cl, 14 December 20 October 1943 1943. Specialized Tiaining Program. Supplies and Equipment for Army Cl, 6 April 19« 1 April 1943 Specialized Training Units. 31 May 1943 Issue of Rifles to Army Specialized Tram­ ing Units.

1 March 1943

2. Instructions of the Commanding General, Army Service Forces, on this subject are contained in Army Service Forces Manual M 105, 3 April 1944. [A. G. 353 (20 M a r 4 4 ) . ] II..CLAIM.—Paragraph 2d, section I, Circular No. 45, War Department, 1944, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 2d. Soldiers' deposits and interest thereon, regardless of when made or the period involved, provided such claim is not a combination of soldiers' deposits and other claims for settlement by the General Accounting Office under paragraph 6. [A. G. 242 (5 Apr 4 4 ) . ] 579701°—44—AGO 172

[Cm. 150] III..EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.—1. Except where another officer has been designated as commanding officer under provisions of paragraph 2, AR 600-20, and subject to restrictions imposed by paragraph 3 of those regulations, in addition to his primary duties in connection with the specific program to which he is assigned, the senior regularly assigned officer present will be the commanding officer of all military personnel assigned, attached, or detailed to any civilian educational institution at which one or more of the following military educational activities are conducted: a. Reserve Officers' Training Corps. b. Army Specialized Training Program. c. Army Air Forces College Training Program. d. Any other training program or course of instruction involving military personnel. 2. The commanding officer at any educational institution will exercise com­ mand in all matters pertaining to discipline, the coordination of programs, and the use of facilities, including messing and housing. He will also func­ tion as the representative of the War Department in all contacts with the college and university authorities. 3. For each military activity (par. l c to d, inclusive) operating at an institution, the interested activity will continue to prescribe the training to be given and to conduct such training inspection as may be necessary. 4. The senior officer regularly assigned to each activity will serve as principal assistant to the commanding officer in matters pertaining to his particular activity. 5. When officers or enlisted men are sent to an educational institution for a course of instruction they will be instructed to report to the commanding officer thereat immediately upon arrival. If such an institution has no commanding officer in charge of military personnel, officers and enlisted men will report to the nearest service command headquarters in person, if such headquarters is in the immediate vicinity ; otherwise they will report to such headquarters by letter. 6. Memorandum No. W35Q-16G-43, 16 June 1943, subject, Administration and Discipline of Military Personnel at Civilian Educational Institutions, is rescinded.
[A. G. 250 (28 Mar 44).]

IV..OFFICER CANDIDATE SCHOOL.—1. The following officer candi­ date schools are suspended or will be suspended upon the graduation of the listed classes:
Officer candidate school Location Class Enrollment num­ date ber 103 68 45 28 31 26 54 20 Feb. 44 29 M a y 44 16 Nov. 43 13 Mar. 44 22 Nov. 43 1 Mar. 44 15 Nov. 43 Gradua­ tion date

Antiaircraft Artillery Armored Cavalrv Chemical Warfare Service Coast Artillery ­ ­ -­ Military Police Tank Destroyer

Camp Davis, N . C Fort Knox, Kv Fort Riley, Kans Edgewood Arsenal, Md_. Fort Monroe, Va Fort Custer, Mich . . . Camp Hood, Tex

15 23 11 8 17 27 10

Jun 44 Sept. 44 Mar. 44 Jul. 44 Mar. 44 Jun. 44 Mar. 44

AGO 172

[Cm. 150]

3

2. No new applications will be received for these schools. All applica­ tions now in process, naming any of these schools as first choice, will be returned to the applicants with the explanation that the school is no longer enrolling candidates and that they may submit applications for other officer candidate schools for which they may be qualified. 3. Appropriate action will be taken immediately to inform all Army per­ sonnel of the contents of this circular.
[A. G. 352 (31 Mar 44).]

V..PRISONER OF WAR— 1. Pending printing of changes in TM 27-251, 7 January 1944, Article 64 (p. 101) of the Geneva (Prisoner of War) Con­ vention is changed to read as follows: Every prisoner of war shall have the right of appeal against any sentence rendered with regard to him, in the same way as individuals belonging to the armed forces of the detaining Power. 2. The French original of Article 64, appearing on page 100, TM 27-251, is not affected by this change.
[A. G. 300.7 (11 Apr 4 4 ) . ]

VI..SELECTEES.—1. Attention is directed to War Department letter (SPX 327.31 (20 Oct 43) PR-I), 11 November 1943, subject, Acceptance of Hernias, which was sent to all service commands, aiithorizing the induction under the limited service examination standards of individuals with inguinal hernia which had not descended into the scrotum. 2, Revision of MR 1-9, 15 October 1042, now in process of publication, will include the above authority and in addition, will authorize the acceptance of femoral hernia under the limited service examination standards. 3. The policy regarding accepted inductees with either inguinal or femoral hernia will be as follows : a. Such individuals will not be assigned to units or replacement training centers of the Army Ground Forces. The letter prescribed in section III, Circular No. 100, War Department, 1944, will be prepared at the reception center and forwarded with the individuals' records. Subsequent assign­ ment will be in accordance with Circular No. 293, War Department, 1943, as amended. 1). Surgical correction of a hernia, whether symptomatic or otherwise, may be made if desired by the individual. c. Repair of hernia will be required in those cases where the condition presents symptoms precluding the performance of assigned duty. In such cases, if operative correction is refused, the individual will be transferred to the nearest Army general hospital except in cases of emergency. If observation at such hospital indicates the necessity for surgery and the individual again refuses operation, disciplinary action will be instituted in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 2e (9), AR 600-10, after com­ pliance with the procedures set forth therein.
[A. G. 327.31 (1 Dec 43).]

VII..SHOTGUN.—1. All shotguns other than riot type, 12-gage, will be withdrawn with the least practicable delay from the hands of troops. Re­ placement will be effected by the Chief of Ordnance on requisition with the riot type shotguns, 12-gage, where authorized by Tables of Basic Allowances, Tables of Equipment, special list of equipment, or approved authorizations.
AGO 172

[CIE.

150]

2. In addition to the above riot type shotguns, 12-gage, the Army Air Forces and the Army Ground Forces will retain shotguns, sporting type, automatic and pump, 12-gage, as authorized for training.
[A. G. 474.9 (13 Apr 44).] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAE :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

EDWARD F. WIT SELL,
Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant General.

AGO 172
U S . G O V E R N M E N T PRINTING O F F I C E : 1 9 4 4

[CIR.

156]

CIRCULAR!
No

-

156

>

WASHINGTON

^ A R DEPARTMENT, 25, D. C, 20 April 1944.

Section BLANK FORM—Storage and distribution I COURIER SERVICE—Transmission or matter by air II !-_.I."""~™""I~!I Ill GAS MASKS—Instructions in fitting PRISONER OF WAR—Use of interpreters in trials by courts martial IV REFRIGERATION—Storage, issue, and maintenance responsibilities. . . V TABLE OF EQUIPMENT—T/E 8-500-1 rescinded " "_~ VI TABLES OF ORGANIZATION—Rescissions VII

I-.BLANK FORM.—1. Pending the printing of changes in War Depart­ ment Pamphlet No. 12-3, 24 March 1944, so much of section V of that pamphlet as pertains to O. C. E. forms is changed by adding blank forms listed in paragraph 2. 2. Effective immediately, The Adjutant General will assume the storage and distribution of Office Chief of Engineers (O. C. E.) blank forms listed below. Such forms will be obtained by submitting requisitions as described in paragraphs 3 and 4, AR 310-200. OCE 432 Real Property, Buildings and Structures. OCE 433 Real Property, Permanently Installed Property. OCE 434 Real Property, Wharves, Ferryslips, Channels, Seawalls, Jetties, etc., and Miscellaneous Structures. OCE 435 Real Property, Land. OCE 436 Real Property, Roads, Walks, Parking Areas, Aprons, Runways, Railroads, etc. OCE 437 Real Property, Utility Distribution Systems. OCE 438 Equipment Record.
[A. G. 310.105(20 Apr 44).]

II..COURIER SERVICE.—Section III, Circular No. 95, War Depart­ ment, 1944, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 1. The volume of matter transported by the Army Courier Service on airplanes has reached such proportion that unless use of such service is limited to the absolute minimum, delays will result in the transmission of highly important and urgent matter. 2. Effective immediately no secret or confidential material presented to the Army Courier Service for transmission will be dispatched by air transportation unless it is indorsed "Air Service Required" followed by the written signature of the Secretary of War; the Under Secretary of War; an Assistant Secretary of War; a general officer; an officer designated by an Assistant Chief of Staff, War Department General Staff; the commanding officer of a depot, post, camp, station, or independent command; the com­ mandant of a general or special service school; the chief of a military mission; a military attache, or a military observer; a courier transfer officer; or their respective executive officers.
[A. G. 311.4 (13 Apr 44).]

HI .GAS MASKS.—1. Information received from the field indicates that insufficient attention is being given to instruction in the proper fitting of gas masks. This lack of attention is particularly serious when individuals are being issued gas masks prior to departure for oversea service. 2. Instruction in the proper fitting of gas masks is a command responsi­ bility. Commanding officers will take such measures as are necessary to in­ sure adequate instruction in the correct fitting of the gas mask for all indi­
579701°—44—AGO 222

[Cut. 156] viduals within their command, noncommissioned officers.
[A.G. 470.72 (10 Mar 44).]

This responsibility cannot be delegated to

IV..PRISONER OF WAR.—I. Article 62 of the 1929 Geneva Conven­ tion on Prisoners of War (par. 135, FM 27-10) guarantees to prisoners of war the right to have an interpreter, when necessary, in all judicial proceedings, and to be informed thereof "in due time before the trial." 2. In all trials in general, special, or summary courts martial, the accused will be informed "in due time before the trial" of his right to have an inter­ preter, and one will be employed and present at the trial whenever requested by the accused or by the court. The court-martial record of such trials will show clearly that the accused was informed "in due time before the trial" of his right to have an interpreter, whether he or the court requested one, and if so whether one was present and available throughout the trial.
[A. G. 092.3 (12 Apr 44).]

V_.REFRIGERATION.—1. Pending the revision of Circular No. 69, War Department, 1942, and the revision of any orders, bulletins, memoran­ dums, or instructions in conflict with the provisions of this circular, the chart in paragraph 2 outlining the division of responsibilities for procurement, storage, and issue, and maintenance of refrigerators and refrigeration facili­ ties is published for the information and guidance of all concerned. 2. Refrigerators and refrigeration equipment.
•a Specific
Description

u. Refrigentors (mechanical and ice cooled): (1) Household type (up to IS cu. ft.): (o) For new facilities (constructed or acQMC quired) (b) Kerosene operated for T/O hospital QMC assembly units (c) Hospitals and medical laboratories, except new construction. QMC (d) Use peculiar to a technical service, except new construction QMC (e) Ice cube makers (up to 48 pounds per QMC freeze* (/) Ice chests (up to 400 pounds) QMC (2) Prefabricated: (a) Reach in/walk in type QMC QMC (b) Walk in type '.. QMC (c) Frozen food type (d) Warehouse, refrigerated, overseas ENG (3) Portable, field (up to 150 cu. ft.) QMC (4) Mobile, semitrailer type (10-ton).. QMC (5) Commercial type (over 18 cu. ft.) QMC (6) Marine installations TC (7) Rail installations TC (8) Aircraft and air base installations peculiar to the Army Air Forces AAF (9) Deep freezers QMC 6. Refrigerating units for warehouses, refrigerated, over­ seas;, prefabricated, or constructed ENG c. Plants, cold storage (or cold room, permanent or fixed), not prefabricated ENG

ENG QMC ENG

ENG

Maint* (con tin

Requin andF

Purchas Inspc

Storag Iss

1 •§

§•3

si

u

-a a
a
<B

s> d

ca J3

«s

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ENG
MED
MED
ALL
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
QMC
ENG
ENG
TC
TC
AAF
ALL
ENG

M E D QMC M E D ENG M E D QMC M E D ENG ALL QMC ALL ENG ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
QMC
ENG
ENG
TC
TC
AAF
ALL
ENG
ENG

ENG
QMC
ENG
ENG
QMC
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
QMC
QMC
ENG
TC
TC
AAF
ALL
QMC
QMC
QMC
QMC
QMC
QMC
QMC
TC
TC
AAF
QMC
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG
QMC
QMC
ENG
TC
TC
AAF
ALL

ENG
QMC
ENG
ENG
ENG
ENG

ENG
AGO 222

[ C I B . 3C

K C CO

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iflcati

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•d p rt 03 g

•n
a a age Issue
— C O

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Description

i|
gl-H
PH

a ra d. Ice-malcing equipment: (1) Plant, ice-making, fixed or permanent (2) Machine, ice-making, 1-ton, portable e. Miscellaneous!: (1) Ice cream freezers: (a) Power operated (20-40 gals.) (6) Manually operated (2) Storage cabinets, power operated: (a) Ice cream storage (6) Use peculiar to a technical service (blood plasma, etc.) (3) Mortuary cabinets and coolers, portable (4) Dispensing equipment and cabinets, bev­ erage (5) Water coolers for bakeries: (a) New construction, existing or acquired_-_ (b) Replacement (6) Coolers, bottled beverage-(7) Coolers, drinking water, mechanical or ice (8) Coolers, water bottle [A. G. 600.12 (20 Mar 44).]

CTP

ENG ENG

ENG ENG

ENG ENG

ENG ENG

ENG ENG

ENG ENG ENG QMO ALL ALL ALL ALL

QMC ENG QMC ENG ENG QMC QMC QMC QMC QMC QMC ALL QMC ALL ENG

QMC ALL QMC ALL ENG ENG ENG ENG ENG ENG QMC ALL QMC QMC QMC ENG QMC ENG QMC ALL ENG ALL QMC ALL QMC QMC QMC ENG QMC QMC QMC ALL ENG ALL ENG

ENG NONE ENG NONE ENG ALL ENG ENG ENG ALL

VI..TABLE OF EQUIPMENT.—Table of Equipment No. 8-500-1, Headquarters, Medical Service, Communications Zone, 21 November 1942, is rescinded.
|A. G. 320.2 (20 Apr 44).]

VII-.TABLES OF ORGANIZATION.—The listed below are rescinded.
T/O
No.
6-300-1 5-600-1 5-fiOl-l 8-500-1 9-35 10-165 10-175 Title Engineer Headquarters, GHQ._Engineer Hpadquarters, Communications Zone. Engineer Headquarters, Communications Zone Section. Hpadquarters, Medical Service, Communications Zone. Ordnance Ammunition and General Supply Battalion, Base Regiment. Quartermaster Laundry Battalion Quartermaster Sterilization Battalion

Tables of Organization

Date 1 April 1942 do do 1 November 1940. 1 April 1942 .do. ..do-

Change

Cl, 1 August 1942 C2, 3 December 1942 Cl, 16 September 1942 Cl, 30 July 1942 C2, 29 August 19-12
Cl, 29 August 1942

[A. G. 320.2(11 A].r 44).] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: OFFICIAL:

G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of Staff.

ROBERT H. DUNLOP,
Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant General.

AGO 222
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE* I 9 « 4

[Cm. 195]
CIRCULAR " 1
No. 195 J

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON 25, D. C, IS May 1944.

Section CAMPAIGN MEDAL—Current war, eligibility for service stars I MAIL—Notifying correspondents of address outside continental United States II REAL ESTATE—Public buildings and improvements, sale or salvage III TABLES OF ORGANIZATION—Rescissions IV TABLE OF ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT—Section V, Circular No. 118, War Department, 1944, rescinded V TRANSPORTATION—Italian prisoners of war VI

1—CAMPAIGN MEDAL.—Paragraph 76 and c(2), Circular No. 62, War De­ partment, 1944, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 7&. Eligibility.—Individuals who are eligible to wear the appropriate theater service ribbon may wear bronze service stars on the appropriate theater service ribbon to indicate battle participation— (1) Provided the individual served honorably, and was present for duty as a member of a unit, or attached to a unit at some time during the period in which the unit participated in battle and was awarded credit therefor under the provisions of paragraph 12, AR 2G0-10; or (2) In cases of individuals not members of or attached to units, provided the individual served honorably under competent orders in the combat zone at some time between the limiting dates of the battle or campaign as established by War Department General Orders and was either— (a) Awarded a combat decoration, or (b) Furnished a certificate of a corps or higher commander that he actually participated in combat, or (c) Serving at a normal post of duty (as contrasted to occupy­ ing the status of an inspector, observer, or visitor). c(2) Mere presence in an area which is bombed or where minor combat occurs does not of itself entitle a unit or an individual to credit for par­ ticipation in battle or combat under any of the items "ground com­ bat," "air combat," or "antisubmarine" listed as battles or cam­ paigns in General Orders, No. 75, War Department, 1943. Those items are to cover actual participation in combat action against the enemy in areas and at times which, by reasonable interpretation, are definitely distinct and disassociated from any of the named battles or campaigns. The War Department may later designate certain of such actions or groups of actions by specific names. At­ tention is directed to paragraph 12ft (3) (c), AR-260-10, which pre­ scribes that credit will be awarded only once to a unit for par­ ticipation in any one battle or campaign. The same is true as to individuals. The same restriction applies to battle participation credit under the items "antisubmarine," "ground combat," and "air combat," credit for any one of which can be awarded to a unit or to an individual only once during the current war.
[A. G. 421 (12 May 44).]

II..MAIL.—1. In order that correspondents (including publishers) of mili­ tary personnel who arrive at stations outside the continental United States may be informed of the necessary change in mail and cable address of such personnel, appropriately printed V-mail change of address forms (W. D., A. G. O. Form No. 971) will be made available at all adjutant general depots and all ports of emAGO 18GB 584801°—44

[CIE.

195]

barkation. Commanding officers of domestic posts, camps, and stations from which troops depart for staging areas will requisition supplies of this form in the manner prescribed in AR 310-200. 2. Commanding officers of ports of embarkation are charged with seeing that commanding officers of troops departing for stations outside the continental United States have drawn from the facilities of the designated agency at the home station or staging area V-mail change of address forms in sufficient numbers to provide an average of not less than six for each member of the command, includ­ ing officers. In the event this feature has not received the required attention, commanding officers of ports of embarkation will provide commanding officers of troops departing for stations outside the continental United States with such forms as may be required to provide the minimum average for all personnel. 3. While troops are at the home station or in the staging area, unit com­ manders in possession of the individual's service record will cause at least thrte V-mail change of address forms to be addressed, by typewriter if possible, one to the individual shown on W. D., A. G. O. Form No. 43 (.Emergency Ad­ diessee and Personal Property Card), one to The Adjutant General, and one to the postal officer at the last home station (not staging area) in the United Staies. Additional forms will be prepared and addressed to such other persons as the individual may name. Officers will prepare their own V-mail change of address forms. 4. a. Data required before signing.—The unit commanders will cause the fol­ lowing only to be typed or legibly printed in its appropriate space on the V-mail form before it is signed by the individual concerned: (1) Name.—Grade, first name, followed by middle initial, last name, and Army serial number. (2) Organization.—Indicate company, battery, squadron, or troop, as well as regiment, separate battalion, group, hospital, or other appropriate unit of which the individual is a member. 6. Normal signature.—While in the staging area or on board ship, the indi­ vidual concerned will be required to verify the name and organization entries on the V-mail form and, rinding all correct, he will be required to sign or other­ wise mark tlie form in the space provided in such-a manner as to identify it to his correspondents. c. Permanent overseas address.—Ordinarily, unit commanders will not have in­ formation as to permanent APO number, postmaster, and cable address through which they will be served overseas. In cases where they do have accurate in­ formation as to this feature, such as divisional troops or troops accompanied by Army postal units which it is known will serve them upon arrival, these items will be completed on board ship. In no ease will the permanent APO number, postmaster, and cable address be inserted prior to departure from the port of embarkation. 5. Upon arrival outside the continental United States unit commanders, except these who have completed the forms in accordance with paragraph 4e, will ascer­ tain the permanent APO and postmaster through which the organization will receive mail and the cable address thereof, and will cause this information to be inserted in the appropriate spaces on the V-mail form. All unit commanders will cause all the completed forms for their organizations to be mailed promptly. It is extremely important that the foregoing action be taken immediately upon arrival overseas in order that mail matter may reach military personnel without undue delay. 6. Not less than six V-mail change of address forms will be furnished each casual and filler at ports of embarkation with instructions as to action to be taken AGO 1S6B

[CIE.

195]

3

upon arrival overseas, which will conform with the foregoing instructions for individuals moving as members of organizations. 7. When transportation beyond the continental limits of the United States is by Government or commercial airplane, the responsibility and action prescribed above for ports of embarkation commanders are charged to— a. When departure is from Army airfield.—The commander thereof. b. When from civilian airport.—The commander of the unit or detachment being transferred; or in the case of an individual, the commander of the activity from which the transfer is made. 8. Section III, Circular No. 197, War Department, 1943, as amended by section IV, Circular No. 134, War Department, 1944, is rescinded.
[A. G. 311.1 (15 May 44).]

III..REAL ESTATE.—Pending revision of AR 100-63, 30 September 1942, the policies and procedures prescribed in this circular are established with respect to salvage or sale of buildings and improvements. 1. General.—Public buildings and improvements on Government-owned land are real estate and, except as authorized in paragraph 2, can be disposed of only under specific authority of Congress and in accordance with procedure prescribed by Circular No. 8, War Department, 1944, and paragraph 25, AR 100-63, 30 Sep­ tember 1942. 2. When unserviceable or occupying ground needed for other purposes.—a. Conditions under ivhich salvaged or sold.—Buildings or improvements (whether temporary or permanent), other than fortification elements, may be salvaged or sold by the Chief of Engineers or his duly authorized representative provided the structures come within one of the following classifications: (1) Buildings or improvements which are damaged or unsuitable for the public service. (2) Buildings or improvements which cannot be kept in repair at a reasonable cost. (3) Buildings or improvements which are dangerous to life or likely to damage adjoining structures or have become hazards or nuisances. (4) Buildings or improvements which occupy or interfere with sites needed for new construction or for other military purposes. (5) Buildings or improvements which interfere with the efficient opera­ tion of the project. (6) Buildings or improvements which are needed for use at other sites or for salvage of materials for use by the War Department. o.- Report of survey.—Y/hen such buildings or improvements (other than for­ tification elements) are to be salvaged or sold they will be entered on a report of survey by the post engineer, or officer occupying an equivalent position, who will certify that one or more of the conditions set forth in a above exist. W. D., A. G. O. Form No. 15 (Report of Survey) will be used for this purpose with appropriate modification. The commanding officer of the installation will indorse his recommendations thereon and forward the report of survey as indicated below. (1) From class I and II installations (AR 170-10) the report will be sent to the commanding general of the service command. When approved by the commanding general of the service command, the report will be transmitted to the division engineer with appropriate recommendations. (2) From class III and IV installations the report will be sent to the chief of the using service, or to an officer authorized to make a recom­ mendation thereon in the name of the chief of service, who after
AGO 1S6B

[CIE.

195]

indorsing his recommendation will forward the report to the division engineer. (3) From surplus installations properly classified under existing regula­ tions and transferred to the Chief of Engineers, the report will be sent by the officer in charge of the surplus facility to the division engineer, who will obtain such approval as may be required by the Chief of Engineers. c. Approval. (1) The Chief of Engineers or his duly authorized representative will approve the survey report and take all final action to salvage or sell the property in accordance with authorized procedure. (2) After final action thereon one copy of report of survey with all sup­ porting papers will be returned for the property records of the accountable officer and one copy will be retained in the files of the division engineer. 3. Fortification elements.—Fortification elements constructed by the Corps of Engineers and carried on the records of the Chief of Engineers will be disposed of as provided in AR 100-20.
[A. G. 602 (21 Apr 44).]

IV..TABLES are rescinded.
T/O No.

OF ORGANIZATION—The

Tables of Organization listed below

Title

Date

4-61 4-65 4-71 4-81 4-95

Coast Artillery Regiment, Harbor Defense, Tvps A Coast Artillery Battalion, Harbor Defense __ Coast Artillery Regiment, Harbor Defense, Tvpe B Coast Artillery R,egiment, Harbor Defense, Type C Coast Artillery Battalion, Separate, Harbor Defense, Type D.

1 Apr. 1912 Do. Do. Do. Do.

[A. G. 320.3 (23 Feb 44).j

V..TABLE OF ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT.—-Section V, Circular No. 118, War Department, 1944, concerning issue of reel units RL-ol to certain units, is rescinded. See T/O & E 44-4G, 22 April 1944.
[A. G. 320.3 (IS May 44).]

VI..TRANSPORTATION.—Effective 1 June 1944, the provisions of Memo­ randum No. W55-3S-43, 21 August 1943, subject, Transportation of Prisoners of War; Bills Covering Preparation of Railroad Passenger Cars and Sleeping Cars and Restoration of Cars to Normal Condition, will not be applicable to movements of Italian prisoners of war while they are en route to join or are serving in Italian Service Units, provided that their applications for membership in such units have been accepted and are still in effect. No special preparation of cars, or rooms in cars where authorized by Army Regulations, is required for such movements.
[A. G. 3S3.6 (15 May 4 4 ) . ] BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR : OFFICIAL :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff. General.

AGO
U. S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F F I C E ; 1 9 4 4

ROBERT PI. DUNLOP, Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant

1SGB

[Cm 409] j
No. 409 J

DEPARTMENT.

"WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 19 October 1944.
j II III IV y VI

ENLISTED MEN—Use of manpower based on physical capacity—Cir. 164, WD, _ 1944, amended INSTALLATION—Camp Forrest, Tenn., reclassified class I RESCISSION—Sec. VI, Cir. 81, WD, 1943 RESCISSION—Tables of Organization and Equipment and Table of Organization TABLE OF ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT—Policy concerning changes or revision WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS—Qualifications for oversea replacements—Sec. VI, Cir. 61, WD, 1944, rescinded

I..ENLISTED MEN —Paragraph 2, Circular No. 164, War Department, 1944, is amended by adding subparagraph j as follows: 2;(1) Any enlisted man with visual acuity below 20/200 bilateral, correctible to 20/40 bilateral, will not be assigned initially for training as a rifleman (SSN 745) or scout (SSN 761). (2) (a) Any enlisted man already trained as a rifleman (SSN 745), au­ tomatic rifleman (SSN 746), or scout (SSN 761) with visual acuity below 20/200 bilateral but not below 20/400 bilateral, correctible to 20/40 bilateral, who is now performing assigned duties satisfactorily will not be reassigned solely on the basis of his visual defect. (6) Any enlisted man with visual acuity below 20/400 bilateral who is assigned to duty as a riflleman (SSN 745), automatic rifleman (SSN 746), or scout (SSN 761) will be reassigned to duties commensurate with his physical defect. [AG 220.3 (110ct44).] II..INSTALLATION.—Camp Forrest, Tennessee, is reclassified from a class II to a class I installation and placed under the jurisdiction of the Commanding General, Fourth Service Command, in accordance with paragraph 6a (1), AH 170-10, as amended, for use as a prisoner of war general hospital and prisoner of Avar camp.
[AG 323.361 (13 Oct 44).]

III..RESCISSION.—Section VI, Circular No. 81, War Department, 1943, per­ taining to silver-plated tableware, is rescinded. See Supply Bulletin 10-137, 11 October 1914.
[AG 414.3 (22 Sep44).]

IV..RESCISSION.—T/O & E 1-420-1, Army Air Forces Headquarters, Air­ ways Communications Area, Army Airways Communications System, 23 December 1943, including C 1, 10 February 1944; T/O & E 1-447, Army Air Forces Regional Control Headquarters and Army Airways Communication Squadron, 23 December 1943; T/O & E 1-758, Army Air Forces Photographic Mapping Squadron, 24 June 1943, including C 1, 28 August 1943, and O 2,1 October 1943 ; and T/O 1-758, Army Air Forces Photographic Mapping Squadron, 1 July 1942, including C 1, 21 Novem­ ber 1942, C 2, 25 January 1943, advance copy of C 3, 7 May 1943, and advance copy of C 4, 25 June 1943, are rescinded.
[AG 320.3 (11 Oct 44).]

V..TABLE OF ORGANIZATION AND EQUIPMENT—1. Changes to or revi­ sions of Tables of Organization and Equipment for company level units which do not change the basic concept of the higher organization in some instances are not
AGO 324B 610302°—44

[Cm. 409]

being reflected in the consolidated Tables of Organization and Equipment for the higher organizations (battalion, regiment, brigade, or division). 2. It is considered the responsibility of using agencies to compute and apply changes in personnel or grades to consolidated tables, upon receipt of a change to or a revision of a table for a unit of the company level. 3. Action will be taken by the War Department to publish and distribute revised consolidated Tables of Organization and Equipment for higher organiza­ tions when clarity is necessitated by the changes in strength of component tables. TAG 320.3 (16Oct44).] VI..WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS—1. Qualifications for replacements as pre­ scribed in WD Pamphlet No. 29-2, Preparation for Oversea Movement of Indi­ vidual Replacements (POR), 15 May 1944, will govern the preparation of all oversea shipments of Women's Army Corps individuals. 2. The Commandant, Third WAC Training Center, is authorized to return any individuals to their home stations who are received at the training center for oversea shipment— o. With deficiencies in qualifications prescribed by the above-mentioned pam­ phlet which are not remediable within a reasonable period of time. 6. In grade above that required by the MOS. c. Ineligible for assignment to oversea service under the provisions of section IV, Circular No. 291, War Department, 1944, as amended by section XI, Circular No. 340, War Department, 1944. 3. The following information will be submitted to The Adjutant General, Army Service Forces (Attention: Classification and Replacement Branch), for each individual returned to her home station under the provisions of paragraph 2: a. Name. b. Grade. c. Army serial number. d. Specification serial number. e. Last duty station. /. Reason for disqualification. 4. Upon selection for oversea assignment, Women's Army Corps officers and < nlisted women will be questioned prior to departure from home station to de­ termine whether such assignment is desired. To the maximum extent possible, individuals who have expressed a willingness to be assigned to oversea duty will be sent to the training center for extended field service. 5. Station commanders will insure that each Women's Army Corps officer ordered to the training center or a port of embarkation for oversea shipment obtains necessary clearances prior to proceeding to the training center or a port Clearance includes not only property responsibility, but also monetary accounts such as personal ration accounts, laundry, etc. 6. Section VI, Circular No. 61, War Department, 1944, pertain to the foregoing .-r.bject is rescinded. [AG220.S (9Sep44).]
BY OBDEK OF THE SECBETABT OF W A S :

Omcm.: J. A. ULIO, Major General, The Adjutant General.

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.

AGO 324B
U. 3. GOVERNMENT PRINTINS OFFICE: 1144

[GIB. S4BY

OOCXJIAS\ No. 348 J

WAR DEPARTMENT, "WASHINGTON 25, D. O., 21 August 1944.

Section ARMY POSTAL UNIT—Rescission of letters pertaining to equipment I FUNDS—AR 85-780 amended II MILITARY INFORMATION—Policy governing requests from Federal, State, and other agencies IU PROPERTY ACCOUNTING—Elimination of W. D., A. G. O. Form No. T85—Orcalar No. 89, War Department, 1944, amended IV RESCISSION—Letters pertaining to soldiers of Japanese ancestry V

I..ARMY POSTAL UNIT.—W&r Department letter (AG 475 (10 Aug 42) AP-PS-M), 10 August 1942, and Services of Supply letter (AG 475 (10 Aug 42) AP-PS-M), 10 August 1942, both on the subject, "Equipping Army postal units," are rescinded.
[A. Q. 475 (18 Aug 44).]

II..FUNDS.—Pending the printing of changes In AR 35-780, paragraph 2d (5%), pertaining to the use of W. D., F. D. Form No. 10 for deposits received from interned enemy aliens and prisoners of war, is rescinded.
[A. G. 131 (17 Aug 44).]

III..MILITARY INFORMATION.—1. Reference is made to paragraphs 11 and 19, AR 380-5, 15 March 1944, and to paragraph 5c, AR 410-5, 5 April 1944. 2. This circular is issued under the authority of above-cited subparagraph of AR 410-5 and will govern the handling of requests from private individuals, firms, or corporations and from Federal or Statg, departments or agencies for classified information. 3. This circular has no application to— a. Transmission of classified information to military or naval agencies of the United States Government. 6. Matters referred to in subparagraphs & and c of paragraph 19, AR 380-5. (See Memorandum No. W380-44, to Commanding Generals, Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, Army Service Forces, 25 February 1944, as amended by memorandum of 24 July 1944, subject, Exchange of Technical Information with Foreign Nationals.) Except where the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department General Staff, specifically directs otherwise, exchange of classified and unclassified military information with foreign nationals is a responsibility of the Chief, Military Intelligence Service, under policy prescribed by the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, War Department General Staff. o. Existing arrangements and practices concerning transmission of informa­ tion among intelligence agencies. d. Requests by the Congress of the United States, its Committees or Members. (These should be referred to Legislative and Liaison Division, War Department General Staff.) e. Requests for information for use in connection with pending or prospective litigation. (See paragraph 5, AR 410-5, 8 February 1943.) /. Requests for information for publication in news or publicity media. (See Olr. Ill, WD, 1944.) g. Requests for classified aerial photographs of areas within the continental United States. (See Memorandum No. W380-44, 14 January 1944, as amended by memorandum of 22 February 1944, subject, Aerial Photographs.) 4. Private individuals, firms, corporations, and Federal and State departments and agencies may receive classified information from the War Department and from War Department contractors subject to the availability of the information
AGO 403B 598702°—14

[Cm. 343] and provided War Department facilities will not be overtaxed and national security or the welfare of the Military Establishment will not be adversely affected. 5. The following are designated as the responsible officers for the release of classified information under the provision of this circular: The Commanding Generals, Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, Army Service Forces, and defense commands, for information of primary interest to each; and the Chief, Military Intelligence Service, War Department, for information of primary interest to the War Department General and Special Staffs and oversea com­ mands. Information normally will be considered of primary interest to that command in which, or by the efforts of which, it originated; for example, in­ formation concerning an article of materiel is of primary interest to the com­ mand responsible for its development, production, or procurement. Each of the above is authorized to transmit classified information, in his discretion, to private individuals, firms, or corporations or to Federal or State agencies, provided— a. Possession of the information by the requester is necessary for its, or his, performance of a governmental function. (Production of war materiel is con­ sidered, for this purpose, to be governmental function.) b. Release of the information to the requester will not restrict, hamper, jeopardize, or embarrass any military activity, or otherwise embarrass the War Department. c. The information was originated within the Military Establishment or by a War Department contractor. (See paragraph 7 of this circular.) d. Adequate assurances are received from the requester (other than an agency of the Federal Government) that the material will be available only to key personnel and will be safeguarded in a manner similar to that provided in AR 380-5. e. Release of the information to the requester will not prejudice the interest of the source of such information. In no case will technical, industrial, or trade information not wholly Government-owned, or concerning which release author­ ity has not already been obtained, be released without consent of the owner. f. Release of the information to the requester will not violate any commitment made in obtaining it. g. No restriction on the release of the information has been imposed by the commanding general of any geographical area in which the subject of the information lies. 6. Care will be exercised to comply with all provisions of AR 380-5 relating to the transmission and dissemination of classified information and the marking of classified documents. (See paragraphs 20, 25, 27, and 28, AR 380-5.) 7. If the information requested was originated by an agency outside the juris­ diction of the War Department, except a War Department contractor, the request will be referred to the originating agency for action, or its permission obtained before release of the information to the requester. 8. If the information in any way concerns Naval installations, activities, equipment, or other interests, consent of the appropriate Bureau of the Navy Department will be obtained before its release. 9. Whenever it is determined, under the principles stated in this circular, that information derived from intelligence investigations should be released, such information will be transmitted only in such form as not to disclose sources or methods by which It was obtained.

AGO 40SB

[

343]

3

10. Care will be exercised to avoid release of any information indicating ani­ mosity or prejudices, adverse criticism of individuals, firms, or agencies, or personal appraisal of the competence or incompetence of any individual. 11. Section VI, Circular No. 34, War Department, 1943, and section I, Circular No. 129, War Department, 1943, pertaining to the foregoing subject, are rescinded.
[A. G. 312.1 (17 Aug44).]

IV..PROPERTY ACCOUNTING.—1. Paragraph 11, Circular No. 39, War Department, 1944, is rescinded and the following substituted therefor: 11. General.—The instructions contained herein regarding the preparation and processing of requisitions and distribution of supplies and equipment are intended to follow as closely as possible the procedure required in field opera­ tions and should be so interpreted. Requisitions submitted to station supply officers will be prepared on W. D., A. G. O. Form No. 446, 6 August 1943, prepared and jjrocessed as indicated in figures 2 and 3, paragraph 17. Reports of survey and statements of charges will not be used as documents for the reissue of listed articles. Such articles will be issued on the presentation of a properly executed property issue slip. Separate units and organizations will not present requisi­ tions to station supply officers unless the listed articles will be accepted when ready for issue. The preparation of the individual clothing slips W. D., A. G. O. Forms Nos. 35 and 735 to support requisitions for clothing will not be required. 2. Paragraph In, section IV, Circular No. 240, War Department, 1943, is rescinded.
[A. G. 315 (12 Aug44).]

V..RESCISSION.—The following War Department letters are rescinded: 1. AG ' J0.71 (16 Apr 43) PE-A-OPD, 19 April 1943, subject, "Circulation of soldiers oi" Japanese ancestry in Western Defense Command." 2. AG 220.71 (16 Apr 43) PE-A-OPD, 20 April 1943, subject, "Revision of War Department instructions governing granting furloughs to soldiers of Japanese ancestry." 3. AG 220.71 (16 Apr 43) PE-A-OPD, 29 April 1943, subject, "Pass or fur­ lough for inductees of Japanese ancestry."
[A. G. 220.71 (5 Aug44).] B Y OEDEB OF THE SECRETARY or WAB :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

J. A. ULIO, Major General,
The Adjutant General.

AGO

408B

».1.6»VERN«ENT MINT1NS OFFICE i 1944

[CIE.

420]

CIRCULAR 1 No. 420 J

WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 26 October 1044.

TRANSPORTATION OF PRISONERS OF WAR AND UNITED STATES MILITARY PRISONERS BY RAIL WITHIN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES, EXCLUSIVE OF ALASKA; SPECIAL PREPARATION OF RAIL­ ROAD PASSENGER CARS OR ROOMS THEREIN IN CERTAIN CASES AND RESTORATION THEREOF TO PREVIOUS CONDITION, AND BILLS THEREFOR 1. Carriers' tender for special preparation and restoration.—The following tender set forth iu letter from Mr. C. H. Buford, Vice President, Association of American Railroads, dated September 27, 1944, having been accepted by the Chief of Transportation in reply dated 14 October 1944, is published for the infor­ mation and guidance of all concerned : Reference is made to your letter dated 12 September 1944, in connection with our letter dated May 22, 1944, in which we suggested that the Army authorities should request the railroads in each case when they want cars specially prepared for the transportation of prisoners of war in view of the fact that War Depart­ ment Circular No. 195 dated 18 May 1944, makes an exception to the current general arrangement in the case of certain prisoners of war. It is understood that the the War Department is agreeable to adopting the suggestion. As this procedure will then be the same for prisoners of war as for U. S. mili­ tary prisoners, we desire to consolidate our previous tenders dated July 29, 11)43, and March 14, 1944, into one revised tender covering movements of all classes of prisoners under jurisdiction of the U. S. Army as follows for which carriers' equipment or room accommodations are ordered on and after 1 Decemher l!)-!4: We propose, on behalf of the members of this Association, and on behalf o£ The Pullman Company, to prepare special coaches or special sleeping cars for transportation of prisoners of war or U. S. military prisoners under jurisdiction of the U. S. Army, as set forth below, for the total charge of $10,000 per car, and to restore these cars to previous condition upon completion of the move­ ment for a total charge of $4.00 per car, provided that in case a car is used for succeeding movements of such prisoners before it has been restored to its previous condition, only one charge will be made for preparation of the car prior to its restoration to previous condition. If it is desired that room accommodations such as compartments, drawing rooms, bedrooms, etc., in regular line sleeping cars or parlor cars, be prepnrcd specially, we propose a charge of $5.00 per room for preparation and $2.00 per room for restoration to previous condition, but in no event would total clnrg.i for preparation or restoration of any individual car be in excess of $10.00 for preparation and $4.00 for restoration, provided that in case a room is used for succeeding movements of such prisoners before it has been restored to its previous condition, only one charge will be made for preparation of the room prior to its restoration to previous condition. It is to be understood that special cars or room accommodations in regular line cars will be prepared for such prisoners only where written request is made in each specific case by the U. S- Army officer responsible for directing the movement. Preparation of the cars will be made as follows: a. Arrange that railroad cars furnished for transporting these prisoners will not contain smoking compartments which will obstruct the view of those within the cars in any manner or any other obstruction which would prevent a clear view by the guard from one vestibule to the guard in the vestibule at the other end of the car. Arrange with railroad effecting the transfer to furnish a baggage car, if necessary, which will bp placed at all times between the leading passenger car and the locomotive of the train. Cars having parti­ tions dividing the car into two seating areas or cars having smoking com­ partments at either end will be used only when there is no other acceptable equipment available.
AGO4G1B 610302° — 44

[Cm. 420] b. Arrange with the railroads and terminal lines concerned in effecting the transfer to instruct all train crews handling the trains to notify the train commanders in advance of any known or probable stops which are to be made and the approximate time of each stop, in order that the train commanders may at all times be informed concerning the necessity of posting screening guards at these stops, and to instruct train crews also to inform the train commanders of any trains which are expected to pass the prisoner train while it is stopped. c. Instruct railroads and terminal lines effecting the transfer to inform the superintendents that this transfer is a special movement and that it should be expedited in every way possible. d. Instruct the railroad furnishing equipment for this transfer that the light­ ing equipment, including batteries, for all cars furnished will be in proper working order. Auxiliary lighting for use in the event of failure of regular lighting equipment will be provided for each prisoner car used by suspending two coaloil lamps from the baggage racks. These lights will be furnished by the guard detachment. e. Instruct the railroad furnishing equipment for the transfer to cover with cardboard, cut to appropriate sizes, the glass over all built-in emergency cabinets containing fire-fighting equipment in each prisoner car. This cardboard will be secured by scotch tape or its equivalent. f. Adjust all windows of railroad cars used by prisoners, if possible, in a manner to reduce to a minimum the possibility of escape while in transit. Inspection of all windows in cars occupied by prisoners will be made prior to the loading of these cars in order that faulty blocking of windows may be discovered. Win­ dows of railroad cars which cannot be raised over eight inches will be considered as meeting the requirements of this paragraph without any adjustment or blocking. o. Remove from their hinges in railroad cars used by prisoners all doors of washrooms or compartments, and store these doors in the compartments from which they have been removed or place them against the seat nearest the com­ partments. These doors may be fastened in place in any manner which is satisfactory to the railroad. h. Arrange train schedules, if possible, in order that train will arrive at desti­ nation during daylight hours. The procedure set forth in your letter for requesting preparation of special cans or room accommodations in regular line cars and handling bills is entirely satisfactory. 2. Special preparation, including restoration, of special cars or room accom­ modations in regular line cars, for movements by rail within the continental United States, exclusive of Alaska.—a. Prisoners of war. (1) Special cars.—Where prisoners of war, except as specified in (3) be­ low, are to be moved in special coaches or special sleeping cars under the provisions of current Army Regulations they will be moved only in such special cars as have been prepared specially in the man­ ner set forth in paragraph 1; such preparation to be requested as prescribed in c below. (2) Room accommodations.—Where room accommodations (i. e. room­ ettes, compartments, drawing rooms, or bedrooms) in regular line sleeping cars or parlor cars are authorized under the provisions of current Army Regulations for certain prisoners of war, other than those specified in (3) below, and the commanding general o; the service command concerned requires in a particular movement that the rooms be prepared specially for the prisoners, such preparation will be requested as prescribed in c below. (3) Prisoners of war—Italian Service Units.—No special preparation of cars, or rooms in cars where authorized under the provisions of cur­ rent Army Regulations, is required for movements of Italian prisAGO 461B

[Cm. 420] oners of war while they are en route to join or are serving in Italian Service Units, provided that their applications for membership in such units have been accepted and are still in effect. B. V. 8. military prisoners {other than prisoners of war).—Where U. S. mili­ tary prisoners (other than prisoners of war) are to be moved in special coaches under the provisions of current Army Regulations, and the officer respon­ sible for directing the movement determines that sufficient need exists for military reasons for special preparation of such rail equipment in the manner set forth in paragraph 1, such preparation will be requested as prescribed in c below. c. Request for special preparation.—Where special preparation of special cars or room accommodations in regular line cars is required under the provisions of a and 6 above, the officer responsible for directing the movement will, in each specific case make a written request in duplicate, in conformity with security regulations, to the local transportation officer arranging for the transportation, that the cars or room accommodations, as the case may be, furnished for the move­ ment be prepared specially by the railroad company as provided for in this circular, making reference thereto. In cases where the routing and ordering of carriers' equipment for the movement are to be arranged by the Chief of Trans­ portation under the provisions of paragraph 8b, AR 55-130, as changed by Changes No. 2, 4 June 1943, the local transportation officer will inform the Chief of Trans­ portation that the responsible officer requires that special cars for the prisoners be prepared specially as provided for in this circular, making reference thereto. The Chief of Transportation will advise the carriers accordingly in ordering the equipment. In either case, whether the carriers' equipment is ordered direct by the local transportation officer or through the Chief of Transportation under the provisions of paragraph 8, Alt 55-130, the local transportation officer will annotate both copies of the responsible officer's written request for special preparation, to show the name of the railroad company which performed the special preparation and the serial numbers of all transportation requests issued for the movement, as well as the Main or other Routing Symbol and number, if any, as cross references. The local transportation officer will deliver the original copy of the annotated request to the railroad company which performed the special preparation for use in support of its bill. The charges stated in the tender set forth in paragraph 1 for special preparation and restoration of special cars or room accommodations in regular line cars are properly payable from public funds, provided that in case a car or room is used for succeeding move­ ments before it has been restored to its previous condition, only one charge is properly payable for preparation of the car or room prior to its restoration to previous condition. 3. Rendition of bills.—c. Bills covering preparation of special cars or rooms in regular line cars, supported with the written requests therefor, will be rendered by the railroad company performing the work to the local United States Army transportation officer in the field through whom the cars or rooms were ordered for the particular movement. 6. The carriers will state bills covering preparation of special cars in the following manner: Charges for preparing (insert car initials and numbers or names) on , for transporting prisoners covered by transportation > 194 request Nos. I and Main or Routing Symbol No. , on the basis of $10 per car, accepted by the Chief of Transportation, War Department,
AGO 461B

[Cm 420]

Uf October 19^4, $ . These cars were prepared from their previous condition for this particular movement, and were not in such prepared condition from a prior movement. c. Bills covering preparation of rooms in regular line cars will be stated by the carriers as follows: Charges for preparing (insert roomette, compartment, drawing room, or bed room and car initials and number or name) on , 194 , for transporting prisoners covered by Transportation Request Nos. , on the basis of £5 per room not to exceed $10 for any individual car, accepted by the Chief of Transportation, War Department, Ut October 19U, $ This room was [These rooms were] prepared from its [their] previous condition for this particular movement and was Lwere] not in such prepared condition from a prior movement. d. Bills covering restoration of the cars or rooms to their previous condition will be rendered by the railroad company performing the work to the local United States Army transportation officer in the field to whom the bill covering the preceding preparation of the cars or rooms was sent by the same or another company in order that both the bills covering preparation and restoration will clear through the same transportation officer. e. The carriers will state bills covering restoration of special cars in the following manner: restoring (insert car initials and numbers or names) on , 194 , to previous condition after having been used for trans­ porting prisoners, on the basis of $4 per car, accepted by the Chief of Transporta­ tion, War Department, 14 October 191/4, $ f. Bills covering restoration of rooms in regular line cars will be stated by the carriers as follows: Charges for restoring (insert roomette, compartment, drawing room, or bed room and car initials and number or name) on , 194 , to previous condition after having been used for transporting prisoners, on the basis of $2 per room not to exceed $4 for any individual car, accepted by the Chief of Trans­ portation, War Department, H October 191/lf, $ . g. It is important that nothing be shown on bills that will disclose any infor­ mation regarding the movements of the prisoners. 7i. All bills will contain the following certificate of the proper officials of the railroad companies: I certify that the above bill is correct and just; that payment therefor has not been received; and that State or local sales taxes are not included in the amounts billed. i. In the event a bill is returned undelivered to the billing carrier because the military organization involved has moved, the carrier will send the bill to the transportation officer of the service command headquarters, United States Army, within whose geographical limits the place is located to which the bill was sent originally, and request the service command transportation officer to forward the bill to the pertinent transportation officer where records are available from which the bill may be checked and processed. 4. Transportation officer.—Transportation officers in the field through whom such cars or rooms are ordered will maintain appropriate records in conformity with security regulations in order that they may check the bills upon receipt. Bills thus received and found correct will be attached by the transportation officer to Standard Form 1034 and 1034a, which will be prepared and certified AGO 461B Charges for

[CIE.

420]

by the transportation officer and sent by him for payment to the disbursing officer, who is designated to pay bills for local services incurred at the transpor­ tation officer's station. Before sending the bills to the disbursing officer, the transportation officer will make appropriate cross reference on the standard forms supporting "preparation" bills to show the serial numbers of the transpor­ tation requests covering the movement, and on the standard forms supporting "restoration" bills to show the name of the carrier and bill number which covered the preceding preparation of the cars or rooms. Such bills are charge­ able to the same allotment as that specified in the movement or travel orders which is applicable to the travel of the prisoners. 5. Rescission.—Memorandum No. W55-3S-13, 21 August 1943, subject, Trans­ portation of prisoners of war; bills covering preparation of railroad passenger cars and sleeping cars and restoration of cars to normal condition; Circular No. 133, War Department, 1944, subject, Transportation of United States military prisoners (other than prisoners of war) ; preparation of special railroad coaches in certain cases and restoration of cars to normal condition, and bills therefor, and section VI, Circular No. 195, War Department, 1944, subject, Transporta­ tion—Italian prisoners of war, are rescinded effective 1 December 1944.
[AG383.G (17 Jun44).]
B Y ORDER OF T H E SECRETARY OF W A R :

G. C. MARSHALL,
Chief of OFFICIAL :
Staff.

ROBERT H. DUNLOP,
Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant General.

AGO 4C1B

u s G0VERr|HENT

PRINTING OFFICE. 1944

[CIR. 426]

CIRCULAR1 No. 426 J

WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 1 November 1944.

Effective until 1 May 1946 unless sooner rescinded or superseded
ARMISTICE DAT, 1944—Proclamation of the President CLOTHING AND EQUIPAGE—Sec. I l l , Cir. 375, WD, 1944, amended POSTER—Display to encourage transfer to Infantry PRISONER—Transportation—Par. 1, Cir 420, WD, 1944, amended Section I II III IV

I. ARMISTICE DAY, 1944.—The following proclamation of the President (No. 2628) is published for the information and guidance of all concerned: PROCLAMATION 2628
ARMISTICE DAY, 1944 BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

A PROCLAMATION WHEREAS the armistice of November 11, 1918, marked the cessation of the battles of the first World War; and WHEREAS the peace has again been broken, and we and our allies, uniting to reestablish peace under liberty, have deployed our forces by land, sea, and air, and are confident of victory; and WHEREAS under God we are resolved that the victories of this second World War shall produce not merely an armistice, but also institutions capable of establishing a peace which shall endure; and WHEREAS Senate Concurrent Resolution IS of the Sixty-ninth Congress, passed June 4, 1926 (44 Star. 1982), requests the President of the United States to issue a proclamation calling for the observance of November 11 as Armistice Day: NOW, THEREFORE, I, FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT, President of the United States of America, do hereby call upon the people of the United States to observe November 11, 1944, as Armistice Day by rededicating themselves to the tasks of waging this second World War to a victorious conclusion and establishing an enduring peace; and I direct that the flag of the United States be displayed on all Government buildings on that day. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States of America to be affixed. DONE at the City of Washington this 26th day of October in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and forty-four, and of the Independence of [SEAL] the United States of America the one hundred and sixty-ninth.
FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT

By the President:
E. R. STBTTINIUS, Jr.,

Acting Secretary of State.
[AG 006 (1 Nov 44).]

II. .CLOTHING AND EQUIPAGE.—Paragraph 5, section III, Circular No. 375, War Department, 1944, is amended by adding the following : Stations at which prisoner-of-war camps are located, which are based on other stations for supply, need not submit the above "Report and Requisition for Class X Clothing and Equipage," but will report and return any excess of more than 30 days' supply to the station on which they are based for supply.
[AG 246.5 (26 Oct 44).]

Ill—POSTER.—1. Automatic initial distribution of poster, P-12S-RPB-10-9­ 44, designed to encourage voluntary transfer of enlisted men to the Infantry,
AGO 24B 610402°—44

[Cm. 426] under the provisions of Circular No. 262, War Department, 1944, as amended by section IV, Circular No. 278, and section III, Circular No. 368, War Depart­ ment, 1944, is currently being effected. 2. Commanding officers of all Army Ground Forces, Army Air Forces, and Army Service Forces units and installations in the continental United States, except units and installations pf the Infantry or wherein applications for voluntary transfer to the Infantry are not authorized under the provisions of Circular No. 202, War Department, 1944, as amended, will require that upon receipt posters be displayed on all company, flight, or similar unit bulletin boards in orderly and recreation rooms for not less than G O days. It is desired that the poster be given additional widespread display when appropriate on other bulletin boards in all posts, camps, stations, and other installations in the continental United States. 3. Applications of enlisted men excepted under the provisions of paragraph 1 a, b, c, d, and e, Circular No. 262, War Department, 1944, will not be processed.
[AG 220.3 (30 Oct 44).]

IV..PRISONER.—So much of paragraph 1 (21st line), Circular No. 420, War Department, 1944, as reads "$10,000 per car" is changed to read $10 per car.
[AG 383.6 (1 Nov 44).]
B Y ORDEE OF T H E SECRETARY OF W A B :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

ROBERT H. DUNLOP, Brigadier General,
Acting Hie Adjutant General.

AGO 24B
B . i . eOVERHMBHT PRIHT1HS OFFICE, 1 9 4 4

Cir.438
CiRcm-AKl
No. 438 J

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 14 November 1944.

Effective until 14 May 1946 unless sooner rescinded or superseded

REPORTS OF INJURIES TO MILITARY PERSONNEL
1. General.—a. Object.—Supervision over safety activities at class I, II, and IV installations is the responsibility of the Army Service Forces. In order to provide for uniform reporting of information relating to the injuries sustained by U. S. Army and prisoner of war personnel in accidents at class I, II, and IV installations in the continental United States, the Individual Injury Report on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 507) and the Monthly Injury Summary Report on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 508, revised 15 September 1944) will be used by reporting agencies under the provisions of this circular, effective 25 November 1944. The object of this injury reporting system is to provide safety directors and responsible headquarters with current information regard­ ing injuries to U. S. Army and prisoner of war personnel, for the purpose of advising on or initiating remedial action. Data relating to injuries of civilian employees at these installations will be reported under the provisions of section I, ASF Circular No. 329, 1944, as amended by section I, ASF Circular No. 333, 1944. b. Prescribed report forms. (1) The Individual Injury Report on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 507) will be used for each individual injury to record data concerning the injury and the accident in which it was sustained. Existing supplies of this form will be used until exhausted. A re­ vision of the form without substantial change, 1 November 1944, is being issued. (2) The Monthly Injuxy Summary Report on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 508, revised 15 September 1944, Control Approval Symbol MCS-105), will be used monthly to report summarized data concern­ ing injuries and accidents, for a 4 or 5 week period, depending on the number of weeks ending on a Friday within the month. Supplies of this form as revised will be available upon requisition through normal distribution channels on or about 1 December 1944. The old form will not be used after submission of the November report. 2. By whom and how rendered.—a. Individual reports.—At all class I, II, and IV installations with a TJ. S. Army or prisoner of war population of 25 or more, ward officers or dispensary surgeons at every hospital and dispensary, except dis­ pensaries which are part of a hospital, will prepare the Individual Injury Report on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 507) in duplicate for each direct admission to hospital or quarters for any injury to U. S. Army personnel or prisoners of war, including personnel of Italian service units. The term "dispensary" will apply to any facility, other than hospital, attended either by a medical officer, contract surgeon, or civilian physician for the purpose of providing medical care to U. S. Army personnel or prisoners of war. Direct admissions will be reported under the definitions contained in paragraphs 19a, b, and 24, AR 40-1080. It should be noted, therefore, that all deaths carded for record must be reported. Injuries are defined in paragraph 28&, AR 40-1080. However, admissions for injuries sustained prior to entry on active service (EPTS) and readmissions for injury will not be reported. (See instructions of Surgeon General to commanding genAGO 273B 610402°—44

[CIB.

438]

erals of service commands concerning the reporting of injuries on WD MD Form S6ab and WD AGO Form 508.) It should be noted, therefore, that injuries recorded on the individual injury report on military personnel will be the same as those reported in the Statistical Health Reports, WD MD Form 86ab, for the same period, except that personnel admitted to a hospital or dispensary with both a disease and an injury, as well as injuries occurring among personnel who are patients in hospital or quarters, will always be reported on the in­ dividual injury report on military personnel even though such cases may not be reportable in the statistical health report. Military personnel who are casuals, on leave, pass, or furlough, or AWOL admitted to any Army medical facility will be reported only by that facility. In addition U. S. military and prisoner of war personnel reported by non-Army (i. e., Navy, civilian, etc.) physicians or authorities as having been treated or hospitalized for or found dead of injuries under conditions which would have resulted in a direct admission to hospital or quarters will be reported by that facility which received notification of treatment, hospitalization, or death of the patient. So far as possible each individual report will be completed within 72 hours after admission of the patient or receipt of notification of treatment, hospitalization, or death. (1) As soon as may be practicable, after the last Friday of each calendar month, every hospital or dispensary which is required to prepare the individual injury report on military personnel, except those assigned or attached to tactical organizations and those at installa­ tions which do not have a post safety director, will forward to the post safety director the carbon copies of aL the individual injury reports on military personnel prepared by it to cover the injury admissions during a 4 or 5 week period from midnight of the last Friday of the previous month to midnight of the last Friday of the current month. The originals of the individual injury reports will be retained on file. (2) Organizations and detachments in maneuver areas will be considered as at an installation. Each medical organization or detachment, whether organically assigned or attached to tactical organizations located in an Army Ground Forces maneuver area, when functioning for the reception and/or care and treatment of patients will also prepare the individual injury report for admissions as defined above. 6. Monthly reports. (1) At installations which have a post safety director, the individual injury reports for each 4 or 5 week period terminating on midnight of the last Friday of each calendar month will be summarized by him. Under the supervision of the post surgeon, the post safety director will in this manner prepare for the post surgeon's signature the Monthly Injury Summary Report on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 508, Revised 15 Sept 1944), separate reports being ren­ dered for— (a) United States Army personnel in training.—Personnel in training, including personnel assigned or attached to ASF or AGF T/O units in training status; students at officer and enlisted schools; unassigned or attached personnel in train­ ing at ASF training centers, or "at AGF replacement training centers, or in special training units at the reception center level; and personnel of detachments or organizations being processed through staging areas.
AGO 273B

[Cm. 438] (B) Other United States Army personnel. (c) German prisoners of war. (d) Italian prisoners of war, other than personnel of Italian service units. (e) Japanese prisoners of war. (/) Personnel of Italian service units. (2) In the case of organizations and detachments in maneuver areas, the monthly injury summary reports will be prepared by the chief medical officers of the dispensaries or hospitals or other medical facilities serving such organizations. In the case of other installa­ tions which are required to prepare the individual injury reports but which do not have a post safety director, the monthly injury sum­ mary reports for each type of personnel indicated above will be prepared by the post surgeon or other chief medical officer. (8) The monthly injury summary report will be prepared in triplicate, except by medical organizations and detachments in maneuver areas which will prepare this report in duplicate. The original copy of the monthly injury summary report will be sent direct to the Office of The Surgeon General, to reach that office not later than 10 days after the close of the period for which the report is being made. One carbon copy of the monthly injury summary report will be retained on file. One carbon copy of the monthly injury summary report for installations which are required to prepare it in triplicate will be sent to the commanding general of the service command in which the installation is located. Monthly injury summary re­ ports received at the service command level will be consolidated by the service command safety director under the supervision of the service command surgeon, as follows: (a). One summary for all United States Army personnel in train­ ing (as defined above) in the service command, excluding personnel in training facilities assigned for safety super­ vision to the Chiefs of Ordnance, Chemical Warfare, and Transportation. (b) One summary for all other United States Army personnel in the service command, excluding such other personnel at fa­ cilities assigned for safety supervision to the Chiefs of Ordnance, Chemical Warfare, and Transportation. (c) One summary for personnel at facilities assigned for safety supervision to Chief of Ordnance. (d) One summary for personnel at facilities assigned for safety supervision to Chief of Chemical Warfare. (e) One summary for personnel at facilities assigned for safety supervision to Chief of Transportation. (f) One summary for prisoners of war including Italian service units. Such summaries will be prepared on Monthly Injury Summary Re­ port on Military Personnel (WD AGO Form 508, revised 15 Septem­ ber 1944) and sent to the Office of the Provost Marshal General to reach that office not later than 15 days after the close of the period for which the report is being made.

AGO 273B

ICIE. 438]

C. Special instructions for preparation of reports. (1) Individual injury reports on military personnel and monthly injury summary reports on military personnel will be prepared in ac­ cordance with instructions printed on reverse of the forms. (2) In the case of reports on injuries to prisoners of war, personnel of Italian service units, and personnel of all facilities assigned for safety supervision to the Chiefs of Ordnance, Chemical Warfare Service, and Transportation, the precise nature oi the work detail will be handwritten on the report form (under item 10 of WD AGO Form 507 following the phrase "work detail") for all injuries sus­ tained while on a work detail. Specifically, at the least, the fol­ lowing types of work detail will be differentiated. For personnel at facMFor prisoners of war and ties assigned for safety supervision to Chiefs of For personnel at ports personnel of Italian service units Ordnance and CWS of embarkation Agriculture Manufacturing Material handling. Forestry and logging.. Warehousing Motor vehicle process­ ing. Construction Food processing Other camp labor <3) Reports received in the past show that no unsafe condition or unsafe act was recorded in the great majority of injuries. Experience indicates that one or both of these causes invariably exist and can be readily identified in the great majority of cases. Knowledge of any unsafe condition or unsafe act is as necessary to the safety engineer as diagnoses are to the physician. Prevention of accidents is essentially the work of first finding and recording, and second correcting the unsafe acts of persons and unsafe mechanical and other conditions. In order to obtain a more complete and accurate reporting of unsafe condition or unsafe act, closer cooperation should be maintained between the post safety director and the per­ sonnel completing individual injury reports. (a) In addition to the unsafe conditions or acts specifically desig­ nated on the individual injury report on militory personnel, the following other unsafe conditions or acts should be differentiated under item 12 of WD AGO Form 507, fol­ lowing the phrases "Other unsafe condition: Explain" and "Other unsafe act: Explain," respectively: Failure to warn Unsafe speed Using unsafe equipment Unsafe condition or act not known Provision for reporting these is made on the monthly injury summary report. (6) Whenever the number of injuries reported under either of the classifications "Other unsafe condition" or "Other unsafe act" exceeds ten percent of all the injuries reported, the number of injuries in the largest category included in "Other unsafe condition" or "Other unsafe act" as the case may be, should be reported under item 6 of the monthly injury summary report. AGO 273B

[Cm. 438] (4) To assure more accurate reporting of injuries in the monthly injury summary report the total number of injuries (whether sustained on duty or while on leave, pass, furlough, or AWOL) reported in respect of both personnel attached and personnel not attached for medical care to the reporting installation will be compared with the figures reported in the Statistical Health Reports (MD Form 86ab) for the corresponding 4 or 5 week period. Every effort will be made to eliminate discrepancies in the number of injuries reported. A similar comparison should be made for the total strength of the reporting installation, including both Army personnel in training and all other Army personnel. 3. Other reports of injury to military personnel.—No new reports or copies of this report or existing reports, other than those for which specific provision is made in this circular, will be required of, or prepared by personnel of the Medical Department facilities to present data relating to accidents resulting in injuries to military personnel at these installations as an additional part of this injury reporting system. 4. Initial, final, and corrected reports.—a. The first of the individual injury reports to be prepared under the provisions of this circular will be for injuries incurred on or after 25 November 1944. The first of the monthly injury summary reports to be prepared under the provisions of this circular will cover the period from 25 November 1944 through 29 December 1944, inclusive. 6. The last of the individual injury reports to be prepared under the provisions of Circular No. 252, War Department, 1944, will be for injuries incurred on 24 November 1944. The last monthly injury summary report to be prepared under the provisions of that circular willcover the period from 1 November 1944 through 24 November 1944, inclusive. c. Whenever a facility which is required to prepare the monthly injury sum­ mary reports is either inactivated or departs from the installation at which it was stationed before the end of the reporting period, such facility will render a final injury summary report before inactivation or departure. In such cases the strength should be computed in accordance with paragraph 5c, Circular No. 43, War Department, 1944. The report will be labeled FINAL REPORT. d. Corrected reports will be labeled CORRECTED REPORT. 5. Rescission.—Circular No. 252, War Department, 1944, is rescinded effective midnight 24 November 1944, but Control Approval Symbol MCS-105 is retained and assigned to the revised WD AGO Form 508 (Revised 15 September 1944). [AG 200.5 (14 Oct44).]
B Y OBDEB OF THE SECEETAET OF WAB :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

EDWARD F. WITSELL,
Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant General.

AGO 273B
0. 5. 90VERNHENT PR1HTIR6 OFFICEi 1(44

G. O. 88

GENERAL OEDEES.1 No. 88 J WAR DEPARTMENT, WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 23 November, 1944.
I II II IV V, VI VII VIII IX X XI XII

PRISONER OF WAR GENERAL HOSPITAL—Designation DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE MEDAL—Posthumous award DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE MEDAL—Awards LEGION OF MERIT—Posthumous award LEGION OF MERIT—Awards DISTINGUISHED-FLYING CROSS—Award SOLDIER'S MEDAL—Awards BRONZE STAR MEDAL—Award AIR MEDAL—Awards BATTLE HONORS—Citations of units UNITED STATES OF AMERICA TYPHUS COMMISSION MEDAL—Awards

I_-PRISONER OF WAR GENERAL HOSPITAL.—The hospital at Camp Forrest, Tennessee, is designated Prisoner of War General Hospital No. 2. [AG 680.1 (7 Nov44).] II__DISTINGTTISHED-SERVICE MEDAL.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved 9 July 1918 (Bull. 43, WD, 1918), a Distinguished-Service Medal was awarded posthumously by the War Department to the following-named officer : Field Marshall Sir John Grecr Dill, K. C. B., G. C. B., C. M. G., D. S. O., British Army. For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility from December 1941 to November 1944. III__DISTINGTJISHED-SERVICE MEDAL.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved 9 July 1918 (Bull 43, WD, 1918, a Distinguished-Service Medal was awarded by the War Department to the following-named officers: Captain Robert A. J. English, 57545, United States Navy. For exceptionally meritorious service in a duty of great responsibility from March to August 1944. Major General Jacob E. Fickel, 02177, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsibility from 8 April 1942 to 12 July 1944. Major General Robert T. Frederick, 017196, United States Army. For excep­ tionally meritorious service in a position of great responsibility from June 1942 to June 1944. Major General Joseph A. Green, 02129, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a position of great responsibility from 9 March 1942 to 26 October 1944. Major General Thomas J. Hanley, Jr., O3S74, United States Army. For ex­ ceptionally meritorious service to the Government in a duty of great responsi­ bility from 11 June 1943 to 9 April 1944. Major General John T. Leicis, O7000, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service to the Government in a position of great re­ sponsibility from May 1942 to September 1944. IV LEGION OF MERIT.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved 20° July 1942 (sec. I l l , Bull. 40, WD, 1942) and Executive Order No. 9260, 29 October 1942 (sec. I, Bull. 54, WD, 1942), the Legion of Merit, in the Degree of Officer, was awarded posthumously by the War Department to the following-named officer: Major Jan Henrylc Zychon, Polish Army. For exceptionally meritorious con­ duct in the performance of outstanding services as Chief of the Intelligence Branch, Second Bureau, Polish General Staff.
AGO 427B 610402°—44

G. O. 83
V_-LEGION OF MERIT.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved 20 July 1042 (sec. I l l , Bull. 40, WD, 1942) and Executive Order No. 9260, 29 October 1942 (sec. I, Bull. 54, WD, 1942), the Legion of Merit was awarded by the War Department to the following-named officers and enlisted men : Major Rcuhcn Alramoxnlz, 0443624, Signal Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services during the period March 1942 to October 1944. Rear Admiral Andrew C. Bennett, United States Navy. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from September 1942 to January 1943. Lieutenant General Lewis H. Brereton, 03132, United States Army. For excep­ tionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services during the period 1 January to 7 August 1944. Lieutenant Colonel Samuel J. Briskin, O39S826, Signal Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from September 1940 to October 1943. Master Sergeant William R. Brooks, Jr. (Army serial No. 38020466), Signal Corps, Army of the United States. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 31 July 1941 to 24 September 1944. Brigadier General William F. Dean, O154G3, United States Army. For excep­ tionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 9 March 1942 to 29 February 1944. Major General TJzal O. Ent, O15G04, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from January to October 1944. Colonel Charles S. Hamilton, 01759, Quartermaster Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding serv­ ices from November 1940 to September 1944. Colonel John II. F. Haslcell, 0222339, Infantry, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 9 December 1G42 until 28 October 1943. Captain Charles M. Kirklaiid, O56S925, Air Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from March 1043 to September 1944. Technical Sergeant Joseph Levine (Army serial No. 32344538), Air Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services during the period April 1943 to July 1944. Master Sergeant Raymond B. Martin (Army serial No. 12079261), Air Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services during the period April 1943 to July 1944. Colonel Francis H. Miles, Jr., O2S38, Ordnance Department, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from November 1940 to December 1943. Colonel Leiois L. Mundcll, 020417, Air Corps., United States Army. For excep­ tionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 18 March to 3 June 1944. Colonel William A. Robertson, O3704, Air Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 12 October 1941 to 1 August 1944.

AGO 427B

G. O. £8
Colonel Edward S. Shattuclc, 0333771, Specialist Reserve, Army of the United States. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from September 1940 to October 1944. Staff Sergeant Abraham Wolpo (Army serial No. 12131915), Air Corps, United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services during the period April 1943 to July 1944. VI—LEGION OF MERIT.—By direction of the President, under the provi­ sions of the act of Congress approved 20 July 1942 (sec. Ill, Bull. 40, WD, 1942) and Executive Order No. 9260, 29 October 1942 (sec. I, Bull. 54, WD, 1942), the Legion of Merit, in the Degree of Commander, was awarded by the War Depart­ ment to the following-named officer: Major General Harold E. Barroicclough, D. S. O., M. C, New Zealand Expedi­ tionary Forces in the Pacific. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 7 November 1942 to 1 April 1944. VII__DISTINGtTISHED-FLYING CROSS.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved 2 July 1926 (Bull. S, WD, 1926), a Distinguished-Flying Cross was awarded by the War Department to the following-named officer: Lieutenant Colonel ilurion E. Grevemberg, 0243588, Air Corps, United States Army. For extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight in December 1943. VIII SOLDIER'S MEDAL.—By direction of the President, under the provi­ sions of the act of Congress approved 2 July 1026 (Bull. 8, WD, 1926), the Soldier's Medal was awarded by the War Department to the following-named officers, flight officer, and enlisted men: Captain Luther B. Anderson, 0792944 (then first lieutenant), Air Corps, United States Army. For heroism at Harris Auxiliary Field, Fort Valley, Georgia, on 24 April 1944, when two airplanes crashed and caught fire after colliding in midair. Captain Andcrso?i who was in the control ship rushed to the scene of the accident and immediately attempted to remove one of the occupants of the burning aircraft. Finding the occupant fatally injured, Captain Anderson pro­ ceeded to the aid of Aviation Cadet Wilse E. Crain who was trying to extricate Aviation Cadet Wilfred J. Kauffman from the wreckage of the flaming aircraft. Technician Fifth Grade Joseph J. Baratta (Army serial No. 330570S7), Head­ quarters and Headquarters Company, 1204th Service Command Service Unit, Prisoner of War Camp, Fort Niagara, New York, United States Army. For heroism at Fort Niagara, New York, on the night of 31 August-1 September 1944. An enlisted man armed with a loaded carbine threatened to shoot several other enlisted men and an officer. Technician Baratta unhesitatingly and at the risk of his life grappled the man and disarmed him. Second Lieutenant John M. Brenn-an, 01824124, Infantry, United States" Army. For heroism at the Leon River Dam near Belton, Texas, on 16 July 1944. A woman, swept over the dam, was struggling in the turbulent water below and was in danger of drowning. Lieutenant Brennan plunged into the river and through the swift and dangerous current succeeded in bringing her safely to shore. He dived again and made a vain effort to save the life of a soldier who drowned in his efforts to rescue the woman. Flight Officer Wilse E. Crain (T64752) (then aviation cadet), Air Corps, United States Army. For heroism at Harris Auxiliary Field, Fort Valley, Georgia, on 24 April 1944, when two airplanes crashed and caught fire after colliding in midair Cadet Crain who was parked nearby in another airplane rushed to the

3
AGO 427B

G. 0. 88
scene of the accident and with the aid of Captain Luther B. Anderson succeeded in removing Aviation Cadet Wilfred J. Kauffman from the flaming wreckage of the aircraft. First Lieutenant William D. Crone, 0799922, Air Corps, United States Army. For heroism at Harris Auxiliary Field, Fort Valley, Georgia, on 24 April 1944, when two airplanes crashed and caught fire after colliding in midair. The pilot of one of the airplanes, Aviation Cadet Robert D. Heis, Jr., though conscious, was so severely and painfully injured that he was unable to extricate himself from the wreckage. Lieutenant Crone, who was standing nearby when the two airplanes collided on their approach for a landing, proceeded immediately to one of the flaming airplanes and succeeded in removing the injured aviation cadet from the cockpit. Sergeant Qeorcje W. Daves (Army serial No. 35729732), Infantry, Army of the United States. For heroism at Fort McClellan, Alabama, on 7 July 1944. Two enlisted men (trainees) were receiving instruction in throwing live grenades from a safety bay under the supervision of Sergeant Daves, when one trainee in position to throw an armed grenade, from which the safety pin had been removed, at the target, became excited and nervous and dropped the armed grenade on the floor of the bay. The two trainees in panic started to run from safety of the bay, whereupon Sergeant Daves, with cool disregard for his own personal danger, flattened both trainees with a downward push, and then retrieved the grenade and threw it from the bay. It exploded harmlessly immediately after clearing the safety parapet. Sergeant Daves' heroic act possibly saved the lives of the two trainees and prevented probable injury or death to other military personnel within range of the fragmentation grenade, thereby reflecting the highest credit on himself and the military service. Technical Sergeant Edgar E. Etheredge (Army serial No. 6263856), Company A, 276th Infantry, United States Army. For heroism at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, on 30 August 1944. While his unit was on bivouac a gasoline field range exploded, showering burning gasoline on a soldier who started running and thus fanned the blaze until it enveloped him from head to foot. Sergeant Etheredge saw the man's mortal danger and with complete disregard for his own safety ran to his aid. After a severe struggle he overcame the frantic resistance of the soldier, threw him to the ground, and tore off his burning clothes. In this action Sergeant Elhercdge suffered painful burns. Sergeant Albert F. Piecuch (Army serial No. 31110460), Section C-l, 2117th Army Air Forces Base Unit (Flexible Gunnery School), Buckingham Army Air Field, Fort Myers, Florida. For heroism displayed when a fuel servicing semi­ trailer caught fire at Buckingham Army Air Field, Florida, on 23 April 1944. Although already on fire himself Sergeant Piecuch, with utter disregard for his own personal safety and knowing full well the danger he faced, obtained a fire extinguisher from a nearby vehicle and succeeded in extinguishing the flames thereby saving the trailer and other Government property in the immediate vicinity. In accomplishing the above Sergeant Piecuch sustained severe second degree burns about his face and body. First Lieutenant Gordon B. Warren, 0744810 (then second lieutenant), Air Corps, United States Army. For heroism near Randolph Field, Texas, on 31 July 1944. A training type airplane crashed and caught fire. An explosion of the gas tanks was expected at any minute. Lieutenant Warren, who was approximately 50 yards from the scene of the crash, proceeded thereto immediately and upon arriving at the burning airplane, heroically and at the risk of his life assisted the dazed copilot from the airplane, loosened the pilot's safety belt and parachute harness, and carried him to safety.

4
AGO 427B

G. O. 83
IX__BROETZE STAR MEDAL.—By direction of the President, under the pro­ visions of Executive Order No. 9419, 4 February 1944 (sec. II, Bull. 3, WD, 1044), a Bronze Star Medal was awarded by the War Department to the following-named officer: Captain Charles F. Britt, 0515151 (then technical sergeant), Air Corps, United States Army. For meritorious achievement in connection with opera­ tions against an enemy of the United States during March 1942. X— AIR MEDAL.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of Ex­ ecutive Order No. 915S, 11 May 1942 (Bull. 25, WD, 1942), as amended by Ex­ ecutive Order No. 9242-A, 11 September 1942 (Bull. 49, WD, 1942), an Air Medal was awarded by the War Department to the following-named officers for meri­ torious achievement while participating in aerial flight: Lieutenant Colonel Wibner Allison, 0410095 (then captain), Air Corps, United States Army, from 7 January to 18 February 1942. Lieutenant Colonel William T. Arthur, O309743 (then major), Air Corps, United States Army, on 16 September 1943. First Lieutenant William R. Braun, O716707, Air Corps, United States Army, on 22 July 1944. First Lieutenant William J. Brcnnan, 0814236, Air Corps, United States Army, in April 1944. First Lieutenant William B. Bristor, O80S3G0, Air Corps, United States Army, on 5 April 1944. First Lieutenant Robert E. Cheesman, OG95037, Air Corps, United States Army, on 5 April 1944. First Lieutenant Edmund P. Cordcry, 0703609, Air Corps, United States Army, on 5 May 1044. First Lieutenant W infield P. Coicgill, 0814255, Air Corps, United States Army, on 5 April 1944. First Lieutenant Richard M. Dennis, 0818121, Air Corps, United States Army, on 6 June 1944. First Lieutenant James C. Donan, OS1S643, Air Corps, United States Army, on 6 June 1944. First Lieutenant Sherwood Ehrenfeld, 0723327, Air Corps, United States Army, on 22 July 1944. First Lieutenant William B. Eleij, 0682541, Air Corps, United States Army, on 15 April 1944. First Lieutenant James E. Faris, Jr., 0695361, Air Corps, United States Army, on 16 April 1944. First Lieutenant Roy W. Oibbs, 0702409, Air Corps, United States Army, on 5 May 1944. First Lieutenant Hugh L. Ham, O702273, Air Corps, United States Army, on 24 April 1944. First Lieutenant Howard K. Hollingshead, 0772117, Air Corps, United States Army, on 22 July 1944. Major Russell W. Lee, 0922731, Air Corps, United States Army, from 20 April 1943 to 26 May 1944. First Lieutenant Sherivood A. Mark, 0924516, Air Corps, United States Army, on 22 July 1944. Second Lieutenant Ellas E. Moses, 0822512, Air Corps, United States Army, on 22 July 1944.

AGO 427B

G. O. S3

XI_._BATTLE HONORS.—1. As authorized by Executive Order No. 9296 (sec. I, Bull. 22, WD, 1043), superseding Executive Order No. 9075 (sec. I l l , Bull. 11, WD, 1942), citation of the following unit in General Orders, No. G7, Headquar­ ters 9th Infantry Division, C September 1944, as approved by the Supreme Com­ mander, Allied Expenditionary Forces, is confirmed under the provisions of section IV, Circular No. 333, War Department, 1943, in the name of the Presi­ dent of the United States as public evidence of deserved honor and distinction. The citation reads as follows: The 2d Platoon, Company C, 809th Tank Destroyer Battalion, is cited for extraordinary gallantry in action comprising a series of occasions on which they destroyed enemy guns blocking the advance of the 2d Battalion, 47th Infantry, to Cherbourg and Greville. When the 2d Battalion was under artillery fire at crossroad Le Motel, 22 June 1944, smoke was placed on a 77-mm gun firing directly clown the road at 300 yards range, and a tank destroyer moving into the road quickly put the enemy gun out of action. The following day at Hoe de Tot a well-concealed SS-mm gun firing on the battalion was silenced when a tank destroyer moved around a blind corner, took position at 150 yards range, and, after the enemy gun had fired once and wrecked the tank destroyer's track, ended the duel with fire that destroyed the gun and made casualties of its crew. During street fighting in Cherbourg on 23 June the 2cl Platoon helped put five 20-mm guns and one 47-mm gun out of action. On two occasions the only tactics available again required a tank destroyer to sweep suddenly around a corner, firing while moving, in full exposure to the enemy gun, which in each instance was hit before it could respond with accurate fire. On 1 July a 77-mm enemy gun was prevented from delaying the 2d Battalion's advance on the Greville fortifications longer than was required by a 2d Platoon tank destroyer to ap­ proach a stone wall protecting the gun and demolish the position. In Greville itself another crew subjected themselves to heavy mortar fire to reduce three strongpoints, and, after damage from a mine had halted their tank destroyer in an exposed position, remained at the gun and continued to fire throughout ensuing action. In all these engagements the crews of the 2d Platoon, by their unhesitating subordination of personal safety to swift accomplishment of suc­ cessive dangerous missions, won the admiration of all those to whom they set their inspiring example of gallantry. 2. As authorized by Executive Order No. 9396 (sec. I, Bull. 22, WD, 1943), superseding Executive Order No. 9075 (sec. Ill, Bull. 11, WD, 1942), citation of the following unit as approved by the Commanding General, United States Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas, and published in General Orders, No. 55, Headquarters United States Army Forces, Pacific Ocean Areas, 25 October 1944, is confirmed under the provisions of section IV, Circular No. 333, War Department, 1943, in the name of the President of the United States as public evidence of deserved honor and distinction. The citation reads as follows: The 7th Reconnaissance Troop is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action again the enemy from 31 January to 5 February 1944. During the Kwajalein operation the 7th Reconnaissance Troop displayed the highest type of courage, fighting spirit, and practical skill. Without the aid of naval gun­ fire or air support, this unit made hazardous landings in rubber boats to seize Gehh, Gea, and Ninni Islands, thus securing a deep-water entrance to Kwaja­ lein Lagoon. This objective was of utmost importance since the plan of attack for subsequent ground units called for naval gunfire support from the lagoon side of the islands. Then, as a result of a brilliantly coordinated rubber-boat attack

6
AGO 427B

G. O. 83
on an enemy-held, grounded, seagoing tug, the most important intelligence and navigational information gained during the entire operation was secured. Later, the troop assaulted Bigej Island, an enemy supply base in the atoll, and captured it despite fierce resistance. In every action engaged in by the 7th Reconnaissance Troop the fighting was done under close-in combat conditions. Although the num­ ber of Japanese destroyed exceeded the total strength of the reconnaissance troop, careful planning and superlative timing of attacks held losses within this organization to 2 killed and 20 wounded. The capture of several prisoners and much valuable information contributed markedly to the success of this and subsequent operations in the Central Pacific Area. 3. As authorized by Executive Order No. 9396 (sec. I, Bull. 22, WD, 1943), superseding Executive Order No. 9075 (see. Ill, Bull. 11, WD, 19-12), citation of the following unit in General Orders, No. 55, Headquarters VII Corps, 10 September 1944, as approved by the Commanding General, United States Army Forces in the European Theater of Operations, is confirmed under the provi­ sions of section IV, Circular No. 333, War Department, 1943, in the name of the President of the United States as public evidence of deserved honor and distinction. The citation reads as follows: The 237th Engineer Combat Battalion is cited for outstanding performance of duty in action against the enemy on 6 June 1944 during the invasion of France. The battalion comprised a composite force which was organized and trained within the short period of 5 weeks prior to the invasion in techniques that were unfamiliar to the participating personnel and for which no prior experience existed. Prior reconnaissance had established the existence and type of obstacles likely to be encountered, and the time of landing was planned to take place following the leading wave of infantry in the expectation that pro­ tection would be afforded the working parties by the presence of infantry; but be­ cause of the difficulty of perfect timing, the actual landing did not take place at the scheduled location and many of the assault engineers were landed with the leading wave of infantry which was unable to knock out enemy weapons in time to prevent the exposure of the engineers. Despite the confusion which resulted and the difficulty of the labors confronting them, the 237th Engineer Combat Bat­ talion proceeded directly to their task; waded ashore with GO-pound packs of explosives through 4 feet of water ; and working with complete disregard for their own personal safety, placed their demolition charges by hand and accomplished the clearance more rapidly than the planned schedule had anticipated. This ac­ tion took place in the face of enemy small-arms, mortar, and artillery fire against which the engineers could not reply, nor could .they use any form of cover. The resolute action of the 237th Engineer Combat Battalion was a magnificent exhibition of ability and cold courage which contributed substantially to the successful invasion of Europe. XII_-UNITED STATES OF AMERICA T Y P H U S COMMISSION MEDAL.—By direction of the President, under the provisions of Executive Order No. 9285, 24 December 1942 (sec. II, Bull. 3, WD, 1943), and section V, Circular No. 142, War Department, 1944, the United States of America Typhus Commission Medal was awarded by the War Department to the following-named individuals: Colonel Harry A. Bishop, 010565, Medical Corps, Medical Section, Headquarters, Mediterranean Base Section (then Medical Section, Allied Force Headquarters), United States Army. For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services from 28 December 1943 to 19 February 1944 at Naples, Italy. Colonel Bishop was placed on duty with the American Typhus Commis­

7
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sion at Naples at the height of a typhus epidemic in that city. As coordinating and executive head of its program he directed the training of military and ci­ vilian personnel in typhus control, their organization into effectual teams, and the securing of needed equipment and supplies. The efficient manner in which this task was accomplished, despite the lack of trained personnel and adequate supplies, is reflected in the rapidity with which the disease was brought under control. By his forceful leadership and application to duty Colonel Bishop aided materially in alleviating suffering and preventing what might have become a major catastrophe. Dr. Fred L. Soper, Field Staff Member of the International Health Division of the Rockefeller Foundation. For meritorious service in connection with the work of the United States of America Typhus Commission. As one of the original members of the Commission, Dr. Soper contributed to the organization of its first expedition to Egypt and to the direction of its first field studies in typhus control. In the latter part of 1843 and early 1944, as head of the Rockefeller Foundation group in Italy, he cooperated with the United States of America Typhus Commission in stopping the outbreak of typhus fever at Naples. Dr. Soper placed at the service of the Commission his many years of distinguished service in the administration and operative control of epidemic diseases.
BY OEDEB OF THE SECRETAEY OF WAR :

G. C. MARSHALL, Chief of Staff.
OFFICIAL :

EDWARD F. WITSELL,
Brigadier General,
Acting The Adjutant

General.

AGO 427B
U . S . GOVERNMENT PRINTING O F F I C E : 1 9 4 4

Cir 28
CIRCULAR"! - 2S J
W A R DEPARTMENT WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 24 January 10-13

No

Effective until 24 July 1946 unless sooner rescinded or superseded
Section j Alt 30-2220—Correction in par. 3a All 40-21—Changes in par. 14b II ARMY MOTION PICTURE SERVICE—Sale of coupon books discontinued—Refunds III BLANK FORMS—\VD QMC Form 440 IV EQUIPMENT—For handling petroleum products—Sec. Ill, Cir. C5, WD, 1944, amended V EQUIPMENT—Redistribution of excess railroad and marine floating equipment VI HEATING SERVICE—Repairs and utilities responsibility VII MODIFICATION WORK ORDER—Correction of MWO Sig 11-915-1 VIII IX PRISONER—Cir. 420, WD, 1944, amended REFRIGERATION—Sec. V, Cir. 156, WD, 1944, amended X RESCISSION—War Department circulars XI SERVICE RECORD—Sec. IV, Cir. 470, WD, 1944, amended XII

I..AR 30-2220.—Pending the revision of AR 30-2220, 16 December 1044, para­ graph 3a is changed by transferring subparagraph (2), which now appears in­ correctly within the list of articles in (1), so that it will follow the list and immediately precede subparagraph 5.
[AG 430 (21 Sep 44)]

/ / . .AR 40-21.—Pending the printing of changes in AR 40-21, 27 November 1944, paragraph 1-ib of those regulations is changed as follows: 14 b. Nurses appointed in the Army Nurse Corps and nurses appointed in the Army of the United States and assigned to the Army Nurse Corps shall receive for travel performed under competent orders from home to first duly station the mileage allowance as provided under the joint resolution of 22 Septem­ bar 1941.
[AG 210.1 (11 Dec 44)]

III..ARMY MOTION PICTURE SERVICE.—1. Effective 17 February 79/5, the sale of United States Army Motion Picture Service coupon books will be discontinued. 2. Prior to 23 February 1945, all unsold coupon books with which the theater officer is charged will be returned to the United States Army Motion Picture Service, 400 Tower Building, 1405 K Street NW., Washington 25, D. C. The shipment will be via registered mail and there will be included therein a state­ ment indicating the serial numbers of the books and the total number returned. 3. The actual number and monetary value of the books returned will be re­ ported as a credit in section 1-b of the weekly financial statement (Control Approval Symbol SPM^) for 23 February 1945. This will reduce section 1-d, Balance on Hand, to zero. Any variance must be accounted for before the theater officer's coupon book account can be cleared. The date of shipment and registered mail number should be indicated on the statement. 4. During the period from 17 February 1045 to 23 March 1945, inclusive, coupons may be exchanged for admission to War Department theaters. Coupons will not be accepted for admission after 23 March 1045. All outstanding coupons, while invalid for admission, may be redeemed as provided below. 5. Unused coupon books remaining in the possession of purchasers will be re­ deemed by the theater officer on the basis of the actual value (12tf) and not face value of the coupons remaining in the book. Loose coupons will not be redeemed. The amount of cash refunded by theater officers will be reported under Section 14-f, Miscellaneous Expense, on the weekly financial statement. Each refund will'be itemized on the reverse side of the weekly financial statement or, space AGO 42CC—Jan. 022602°—43

Cir 28
not permitting, on a separate supporting statement, showing the following information: Number of books. Number of coupons remaining in book. Actual value of coupons. The coupon books so redeemed will invariably be forwarded with the weekly financial statement on which the refunds are reported. 6. The pertinent provisions of this circular will be brought to the attention of all personnel so that coupons may be utilized before their expiration date, thus keeping the number of refunds to the absolute minimum. 7. Pending the revision of AR 210-3O0, so much of paragraphs 9, 12, 25, 26&, and < ? , 276 and 37 of those regulations, and so much of section XI, Circular 3S1, War Department, 1844, as refer to coupons or coupon books are rescinded.
[AG 413.53 (1 Jan 45)]

IV..BLANK FORM.—I. Total daily issues of fuel, forage, gasoline and oils, and operating supplies, formerly posted to WD QMC Form 438, will now be posted direct to WD QMC Form 440, Monthly Abstract of Issues of Fuel, Forage, Gasoline and Oils, and Operating Supplies. Inconsistent instructions on the back of WD QMC Form 440 will be disregarded. 2. a. Paragraph 2c(15), AR 35-G720, is rescinded. V. WD QMC Forms 231 and 43S are obsolete. c. WD QMC Form 440, if reprinted or revised in the future, will appear as WD AGO Form 10-117.
[AG 315 (8 Jan 45)]

V..EQUIPMENT.—Section III, Circular No. 65, War Department, 1044, as amended by section III, Circular No. 68, and section III, Circular No. 3S9, War Department, 1044, is further amended as follows: 1. Footnote ° to the table in paragraph 4 is revised to read as follows:
Post engineers at class III installations of the Army Air Forces will perform tliis func­ tion as a part of their repairs and utilities responsibilities under AR 100-SO.

2. Footnote 6 as revised is applicable also to line f (3) in the column headed "Maintenance, third echelon and higher."
[AG 403.7 (11 Jan 45)]

VI..EQUIPMENT.—-The Chief of Transportation is designated as the agency of the War Department to effect redistribution and disposal of all railroad equip­ ment as classified in paragraph 3, AR 55-650, and all marine floating equipment except equipment for which purchase responsibility is assigned to the Corps of Engineers by War Department Procurement Regulation No. 6, classed as service­ able military property which becomes excess to the needs of the using agency in the continental United States. Excess railroad or floating equipment as described above, other than that maintained and operated or assigned for operation by the Chief of Transportation, will be transferred by the using agency to the Chief of Transportation, who will assume responsibility as is, where is, and will take appro­ priate action to assign to service where needed or otherwise dispose of the rail­ road or floating equipment in accordance with existing regulations. (Cir. 239, WD, 1044.)
[AG 400.703 (17 J a n 45)]

VII..HEATING SERVICE.—1. The furnishing of heating services is a repairs and utilities responsibility of the commanding generals of service commands at class I, II, and IV installations, and of the commanding general of the
AGO 42GB

Cir 28 r S f e d f f ' ^ r COmmaiKl ^ ClaSS m ^^atlons. Such services will be fuinished m accordance with established Army-wide policies.
I. Civilian employees engaged substantially full time as heating and boiler plant firemen are considered as pertaining to heating services as distinct from custodial services. Custodial services are defined to include o n l y c. Maid service for operation of civilian dormitories. h. Janitors. c. Elevator operators. d. Window cleaners. (This definition is not in any way related to that of the Crafts, Protective and Custodial Service, under the Classification Act of 1923, as amended ) [AG 4SG.95 (llJan45)J VHL.MODIFICATION WORK ORDER.-The date of IHVO Sig 11-0LV1 incorrectly shown as January 1044, should be changed to read January 1945. [AG 300.4 (3 Jan 45)] IX..PRISONER.—-Circular No. 420, War Department, 1944, as amended by section IV, Circular No. 426, War Department, 1944, is further amended by addiri" paragraph 6 as follows : 6. United Slates Army hospital cars.—No special preparation of the cars as set forth in this circular will be required when United States Army hospital cars are used in transferring prisoners of war. The foregoing will not be con­ strued to prohibit the commanding general of the service command or of the Military District of Washington effecting the transfer from taking such security measures as he may deem necessary with respect to the interior and exterior of the cars, provided that the mechanical structure of such cars will not ba disturbed. The railroad companies and the Pullman Company will not ba requested to perform any labor that may be involved in carrying out such security measures. [AG 383.6 (10 Jan 45)] X. .REFRIGERATION.—-Section V, Circular No. 10fi, War Department, 19-14, as amended by section VI, Circular No. 446, War Department, 1C44, is further amended as follows: 1. In the column headed "Maintenance (continental)" of the table in paragraph 2, wherever "ENG" appears, insert footnote reference1. 2. Insert footnote at end of table as follows :
1 At Army Air Forces stations (class III installations) maintenance is a repairs and utilities responsibility of the post engineer under AR 100-80. [AG 000.12 (11 Jan 45)]

XI..RESCISSION.—-The
Year

following War Department circulars are rescinded:
Circular Section

1C42 1943 1943 1944..
[AG 220.711 (4 Jan 45)] AGO 42GB

_.

393 _ 60 192 _ . . 10

.

III IV IV IV

Cir 23
XIISERVICE RECORD.—The last sentence of paragraph 2a, section IV, Circular No. 470, War Department, 1944, is changed as follows: Enlisted men at a training center will be carried as attached unassigned to the training center, and no entries in the service record will be made of trans­ fers between training organizations within the training center.
[AG 201.3 (13 Jan 45)]

BY OEDER OF THE SECEETABT OF WAB :

OFFICIAL:

G. C. MARSHALL

J. A. ULIO Major General
The Adjutant General

Chief of Staff

AC 0 42GB
U b GOVERNMENT P R I N T I N G O F F I C E . 1 9 4 8

Cir 22:
dBCULABl
No

WAR DEPARTMENT,
WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 23 July 1945

-

2L>

-

J

Effective until 23 January 1947 unless sooner rescinded or superseded

TRANSPORTATION OF ENEMY ALIENS AND PRISONERS OF WAR
Section Enemy aliens j Prisoners of war U Rescissions Uj I..ENEMY ALIENS.—1. Enemy aliens iu the custody of the War Department will be furnished the lowest class of transportation by the facility used, except that sleeping-car accommodations will be furnished as a part of medical care and attention in tourist cars whenever available, otherwise in standard cars, in the same manner and to the same extent as is prescribed for personnel of the United States Army in paragraphs 3 and 4, AR 55-125, upon certification of the responsible medical officer that the condition of the enemy alien(s) requires such accommodations. In such cases the responsible medical officer will furnish the transportation officer issuing the transportation requests a certificate, in dupli­ cate, to that effect. The transportation officer will note the numbers of the transportation requests on the upper right corner of the original certificate and forward it, on the day the transportation requests are issued, to the Finance Officer, V. S. Army, Washington 25, D. 0., attaching no other papers or letter of transmittal thereto. In other respects the transportation and routing of enemy aliens and their guards will be handled in the same manner as for military prisoners, including the observance of AR 55-130. A copy of the above-men­ tioned medical officer's certificate will be furnished the Chief of Transportation in connection with applications to his office for routing arrangements under AR 55-130. II..PRISONERS OF WAR.—2. General.—a. As used in this section, the word "rooms" means roomettes, bedrooms, compartments, or drawing rooms, which­ ever is the most economical available and meets the military needs, and the term "prisoners of war" means all prisoners of war including members of Italian service units. 6. Except as specifically provided in paragraph 3, prisoners of war will be fur­ nished the lowest class of transportation by the facility used. in other respects, the transportation and routing of prisoners of war and their guards will be handled in the same manner as for military prisoners, including observance of AR 55-130 except as set forth in paragraph 4. c. 'In all cases the policy of segregation from the public will be enforced. 3. Physically or mentally disabled prisoners of war.—Whenever injured or diseased prisoners of war must be transported by rail in other than Army owned rail equipment, accommodations will be furnished such prisoners, their guards, and necessary medical attendants in special tourist cars, or where the size of the movement does not warrant their traveling in special equipment, in rooms in regular Pullman cars or sleeping cars, in the following classes of cases only: litter cases; cases of contagious disease; insane; and eases of other diseases in a condition so serious that life or health would be endangered by coach travel for the distance necessary. Such accommodations will be furnished for the above classes of cases only upon certification in writing by the responsible United States Army medical officer as to one of the above enumerated conditions and that in his opinion as a physician such accommodations are imperatively neces­ sary on such account. The responsible medical officer will also determine in each case the number of medical attendants required and, where space in regular cars is employed, the class of room accommodations required (that is roomettes, bedrooms, compartments, or drawing rooms) and the total number of persons (physically or mentally disabled prisoners of war and medical attendants) to
AGO 1198B—July 657608°—45

Cir 222
occupy each roomette, bedroom, compartment, or drawing room. The doors of rooms used by patients in regular cars and the outside of special cars used ex­ clusively by patients will be plainly marked with a Red Cross placard (chalk will not be used). The responsible medical officer will immediately furnish the local transportation officer with a certificate, in duplicate, of the foregoing deter­ minations, forwarding a copy thereof to the commanding general of the service command effecting the transfer. The commanding general of the service com­ mand effecting the transfer will furnish the local transportation officer a certifi­ cate, in duplicate, stating therein the number of guards that will accompany the patients and, where sleeping-car accommodations are authorized for use by the guards, the number of berths that will be required. The transportation officer will note the numbers of the transportation requests issued on the upper right corner of each original certificate and forward it, on the day the transportation requests are issued, to the Finance Officer, U. S. Army, Washington 25, D. C, attaching no other papers or letters of transmittal thereto. A copy of the medical officer's certificate and the commanding general's certificate will be furnished the Chief of Transportation in connection with application to his office for routing arrangements under AR 55-130. The provisions of paragraph 3d, AR 55-125, will apply where officers traveling in a mileage status act as medical attendants. 4. Consolidations of movements.—a. Whenever practicable, individuals or small groups of prisoners of war will be moved by Government-owned motor vehicles or chartered buses for distances up to 500 miles. Movements by such vehicles in excess of 500 miles are authorized provided adequate provisions are made for overnight stops at military installations. ft. The commanding generals of service commands will insure that, whenever practicable, small groups requiring use of commercial carriers will be consolidated in order to meet the minimum requirements for special cars. c. When railroad special coaches are used and the number of prisoners to be moved so permits, they will be loaded to the full seat capacity of each car. d. Where movement by Government-owned transportation or chartered buses is not practicable and consolidation of groups cannot be effected, special railroad coaches may be ordered regardless of the size of the group to be transported in order to comply with the policy prescribed in paragraph 2c, but in no case will a special coach be ordered for less than 30 passengers without the prior approval in each instance of the Provost Marshal General. 5. Guards accompanying prisoners of war.—In the discretion of the com­ manding general of the service command effecting the transfer when overnight travel is involved and when feasible in connection with the nature of the duty to be performed, sleeping car accommodations may be furnished the guards on the basis to which they are normally entitled under existing regulations. 6. Position of special cars when handled in regular train service.—Where special cars containing prisoners of war are handled in regular train service, the carriers have been requested through the Association of American Railroads to place such cars either ahead or behind all other cars occupied by other pas­ sengers. The local transportation officer will therefore request the carrier's local joint special representative, where one has been appointed, otherwise the local agent, sufficiently in advance to arrange for such placement in the train of the initial carrier as well as in the train of any other cairier(s) participating in the through movement. HI ..RESCISSIONS.—!. WD Circular 471, 1944, pertaining to the foregoing subject, is rescinded. [AG 510 (11 Jul 45)]
BY OEDEB OF THE SECRETABY OF WAB : OFFICIAL :

EDWARD F. WITSELL Major General
Acting The Adjutant General

G. O. MARSHALL Chief of Staff
AGO 1198B
• . t . CflVCINMENT FRINTINQ OFFICEi1»45

Memo 580-45 MEMORANDUM ) No. 580-45 ) WAR DEPARTMENT Washington 25, D. C , 13 August 1945

PROCEDURE FOR PROCESSING AND MOVING GERMAN
AND ITALIAN PRISONERS OF WAR AND PROTECTED
PERSONNEL FROM UNITED STATES TO OVERSEA
DESTINATIONS
Section I n m IV V

General Processing Movement Italian service units Rescissions I. GENERAL.

,

1. Purpose. The purpose of this memorandum is to prescribe the procedure and fix responsibilities for processing and moving German and Italian prisoners of war and protected personnel from continental United States to oversea destinations. The provisions in this memorandum will continue in force pending amendment to Tech­ nical Manual 19-500, 5 October 1944, subject: Enemy Prisoners of War. 2. Application, a. The provisions in this memorandum are applicable to all German and Italian prisoners of war and protected personnel to be moved to oversea destinations Tor repatriation, for transfer to oversea prisoner of war camps, or for other purposes. War Department movement orders will specify whether prisoners are to be processed and moved for repatriation, for transfer to over­ sea prisoner of war camp, or for other purposes. b_. When War Department movement orders refer to this memo­ randum, all instructions contained herein ha.ve the full force of the movement order itself unless specific exceptions thereto are con­ tained in movement orders. In case of conflict between the movement order and other instructions the movement order will govern. 3. Definitions of terms used in this memorandum. a. Prisoners. All enemy prisoners of war, protected personnel, and members of Italian service units (see e. below). b_. Officer prisoners. Commissioned officer prisoners of war and civilians entitled to be treated as officer prisoners of war. c. Enlisted prisoners. Prisoner of war enlisted personnel, in­ cluding warrant officers, noncommissioned officers, and civilians entitled to be treated as enlisted prisoners of war. d. Prisoner patients. Sick, injured, or wounded prisoners of war. e_. ISU members. Prisoners on duty with an Italian service unit; prisoners who served with an Italian service unit but who were 1

Memo 580-45 returned to unqualified prisoner of war status without prejudice; and prisoners who volunteered and were approved for duty with an Ital­ ian service unit but who were unassigned. f, Serial number. Prisoner of war internment serial number assigned to a prisoner. g. PW detachment. Group of prisoners formed temporarily for purpose of movement to oversea destination for repatriation, for transfer to oversea prisoner of war camps, or for other purposes. h. Shipment number. Combination of digits assigned a specific movement. Four-digit shipment numbers will be assigned by the War Department for prisoner of war movements to oversea desti­ nations. L Readiness date. Date by which the prisoners will be prepared for movement from present station to the port of embarkation. 1 _ . Agencies designated to issue movement orders. Service command headquarters will normally be the agency to issue move­ ment orders, as designated in the War Department movement orders. k. Camp commander. Commanding officer of a prisoner of war camp or other installation where prisoners of war are interned, or a United States Army officer allotted to an Italian service unit. I. Port commander. Commanding general or commanding offi­ cer of a United States port of embarkation. m. ISU escort commander. United States Army officer command­ ing a repatriation shipment of former Italian service unit members during movement to oversea destination. ri. Theater commander. Commanding general of the European Theater, Mediterranean Theater, or a theater of operations. 4. General responsibilities. In accordance with broad, basic War Department plans and policies, the Commanding General, Army Service Forces, is charged with all matters pertaining to processing and moving enemy prisoners of war and protected personnel in the continental United States to oversea destination. II. PROCESSING. 5. The Provost Marshal General will— a. Inform the agencies designated to issue movement orders as to the number of prisoners and places of internment of such prison­ ers within their jurisdiction who are to be processed and moved to oversea destination. b. Forward the personal property of each prisoner in PW detachments held in the Property Section, Enemy Prisoner of War Information Bureau, Fort George G. Meade, Maryland, to the port commander concerned. Such property will be marked with the ship­ ment number and letters of the PW detachments to which prisoners belong. 6. The agencies designated to issue movement orders will, at the earliest practicable time, issue the necessary supplemental orders to process prisoners in accordance with the provisions of this section.

Memo 580-45 7. The camp commander will— a. In the event a prisoner designated by name to be moved is not in the custody of the commanding officer to whom the order is issued, immediately report by telephone, TWX, or telegram, direct to the Provost Marshal General (Prisoner of War Operations Division REpublic 6700, Ext. 79402), Washington 25, D. C , the name, grade, and serial number of the prisoner, together with the name of the in­ stallation to which the prisoner was transferred. b. Complete records listed below for each prisoner (for ISU members, also see par. 12b): (1) WD AGO Form 8-33 (old WD MD Form 55A), 3 copies, X-rays, EKG, etc, if any. (2) WD AGO Form 8 series (old WD MD Form 55 series), original, complete medical records, if any. (3) WD AGO Form 8-117 (old WD MD Form 81), Immuniza­ tion Register. (4) WD AGO Form 32, Individual Clothing and Equipment Record. (5) WD AGO Form 20, Soldier's Qualification Card. (6) WD AGO Form 19-2 (old WD PMG Form 2), Basic Personnel Record. (7) WD AGO Form 19-13 (old WD PMG Form 20), Individual Pay Data Record. (8) WD AGO Form 19-14 (old WD PMG Form 21), Internee's Deposit Book. (9) WD AGO Form 19-70 (oldWD PMG Form 133), Certifi­ cate of Credit Balance for Prisoners of War (for Ger­ man prisoners, if any). (10) WD PMG Form 25, Disbursing Officer's Record of In­ ternee's Deposits and Withdrawals (obsolete, but in­ clude if available). (11) WD AGO Form 19-49 (old WD PMG Form 96), Property List. (12) WD AGO Forms 19-40 or 19-41 (old WD PMG Forms 91 and 91-1), Mixed Medical Commission Certificate or Certificate of Direct Repatriation, if any. (13) WD AGO Form 24, Service Record (if former member of Italian service unit). (14) Copy of "Charge Sheet" - charges brought against PW, if any. (15) Copy of courts-martial proceedings, if any. (16) Punishment record. (17) S-2 (Intelligence) File. c. Prepare manila envelopes, 8 1/2 by 111/2 inches, for each prisoner and place the information tabulated below on the faces of the envelopes, as appropriate. The completed records will be placed in the envelopes in the order listed.

Memo S80-45 (1) For prisoners to be transferred to oversea prisoner of war camp. Records will accompany prisoners. Name. Grade. Date cf arrival at present station. Last paid to include: (date) List, all records referred to in b above in numerical order. (2) For prisoners to be repatriated. (a) Envelope No. 1. To be forwarded to Enemy Pris­ oner of War Information Bureau, Office of the Provost Marshal General, Fort George G, Meade, Maryland, on the date prisoner departs from sta­ tion, or as soon thereafter as possible (for ISU members also see par. 12c). Name. Grade. Date of arrival at present station. Last paid to include: (date) List records (2), (5), (6), (7), (8), (9) (triplicate copy only), (10), (11), (13), (14), (15), (16), and (17), referred to in b above. (b) Envelope No. 2. Records will accompany prisoners (for TSU members also see par. 12dj. Name. Grade, Present station. Date of departure. List records (1), (3), (4), (9) (original and one copy), and (12), referred to in b above. d. Insure that each prisoner is provided with the "following cloth­ ing ^for ISU members also see par. 12e). (1) Belts, waist (1 per individual). (2) Caps or hats (1 per individual). (3) Drawers (3 per individual). (4) Overcoat, if necessary (1 per individual). (5) Field jacket, if overcoat is not deemed necessary (1 per individual). (6) Shirts (2 per individual). (7) Shoes (1 pair per individual). (8) Socks (3 pairs per individual). (9) Trousers (2 pairs per individual). (10) Undershirts (3 per individual). All outer clothing, except foreign national uniforms, will be properly marked. Class B clothing will be provided only when class X is not available. e. Insure that each prisoner is provided with the following author­ ized equipment: (1) Bag, barracks (1 per individual). (2) Blankets, wool, od (not more than 2 per individual). (3) Pack, first aid (1 per individual). (4) Individual messing equipment.

Memo 580-45 f, Insure that no prisoner has in his possession Governmentissued clothing, shoes, or equipment in excess of those items listed in d and e. above. £. Limit personal baggage of enlisted prisoners to 55 pounds and officer prisoners to 175 pounds. An additional 10 pounds of baggage is authorized for enlisted prisoners for the purpose only of taking printed matter sold in prisoner of war canteens and/or distributed by the War Department as orientation material ( see h below). En­ listed prisoners must be able to place all baggage including printed matter in one barracks bag. (for ISU members also see par. 12fJ. h. Insure that diaries, personal manuscripts, books, letters, and other written material, to accompany prisoners, are censored, packaged, sealed, and certified as to censorship on cover of package, prior to departure from present station. This does not apply to pub­ lications distributed by the War Department as orientation material, such as Der Ruf, Bucherreihe Neue Welt, Kleiner Fuhrer, TM 30-1506, etc. Each prisoner may package other printed matter and orientation material which he does not wish to accompany him (max­ imum of four packages, not to exceed 4 pounds each) and mail through the district postal censor to any address in Germany or Italy. Works of art may be forwarded direct to the International Red Cross Com­ mittee Storage, c/o Rohner, Gehrig and Company, Inc., 15 Moore Street, New York 4, N. Y., for subsequent shipment. L Insure that no firearms, explosives, combustible material, or dangerous weapons are in the possession of any prisoner. Tag cer­ tifying that baggage has been inspected will be placed on each pris­ oner's baggage. j_. Dispose of prisoner mail arriving after departure of the ad­ dressee in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 77f, Chapter 2, TM 19-500. k. Redeem all outstanding canteen coupons and credit the value thereof to the prisoner's trust fund account in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 17, Chapter 4, TM 19-500. L Insure that no prisoner has American currency in his posses­ sion (see pars. 4a and b, Chapter 4, TM 19-500) (for ISU members also see par. I2g). m. Make final settlement of each prisoner's account as of the readiness date for the PW detachment, in accordance with the pro­ visions of paragraph 27 (German prisoners) and paragraph 28 (Italian prisoners), Chapter 4, TM 19-500 (for ISU members also see par. 12h). n. Insure that any indebtedness to the United States (indebtedness resulting from forfeitures for periods of escape, disciplinary and other punishment, and authorized deductions) has been deducted from accrued allowances and earnings. o. Report by telephone, TWX, or telegraph direct to the Provost Marshal General (Prisoner of War Operations Division - REpublic 6700, Ext. 79402), Washington, D. C , any incident which interferes with the processing or movement of prisoners.

Memo 580-45 in. MOVEMENT. 8. General. a. Movement of enemy prisoners of war and protected personnel to oversea destinations will be directed by War Department move­ ment orders. Such orders will designate: (1) Agencies to issue movement orders. (2) Shipment number and letters (see c below). (3) Strength of detachments. (4) Readiness date. (5) Port through which movement will be made. (6) Processing instructions. (7) Clothing and equipment to be taken. (8) Method of movement. (9) Special instructions. b. The Provost Marshal General will designate the number of prisoners to be processed and moved and the places of internment of such personnel (for ISU members also see par. 121). c.. For purposes of movement, prisoners will be grouped into detachments called PW detachments. Each detachment will be des­ ignated as part of an oversea shipment covered by a single four-digit shipment number and letter. The shipment number and letter, also referred to as "code designation," to be used will be assigned in the War Department movement orders. For example, Shipment 1234 will represent a single shipment of 500 prisoners, consisting of several PW detachments each from a different installation. Detachments will be designated by the letters A, B, C, etc, as a suffix to the shipment number. Thus, shipment 1234-A would indicate that a PW detachment was composed of a group of prisoners from one installation. In the event a PW detachment consisted of 200 prisoners from PW Camp X and 300 prisoners from PW Camp Z, these movements would be designated by shipment numbers 1234-A and 1234-B. d. The movement of prisoners to the port will be accomplished in the same manner as other movements made in accordance with the provisions of Chapter 3, TM 19-500, and WD Circular 222, 1945. However, in the event any provisions of those directives are in con­ flict with the instructions contained herein, these instructions will govern. e.. Direct communication in connection with movements of prisoners is authorized. 9. The agency designated to issue movement orders is responsi­ ble for— a. Organizing prisoners designated by the Provost Marshal Gen­ eral into PW detachments, as directed by War Department movement orders. b. Furnishing necessary military police escort guards, mess personnel, and medical attendants (for prisoner-patients) for move­ ment to the port. This personnel will be returned to proper stations after release by port commander.

Memo 580-45 _ c. Issuing necessary supplemental orders for movement of prisoners, guards, and mess and medical personnel to the port upon call of the port commander. d. Insuring that prisoners and equipment are processed and ready for movement on readiness date specified in War Department move­ ment orders. e. Delivering prisoners, their personal effects, and records (see par.*7c.(l) and (2)(b) above) to the port commander concerned and obtaining a receipt therefor. f. Transmitting the following reports: (1) By camp commander. (a) Air mail, at least 5 days in advance of readiness date, to the Provost Marshal General (Attention: Prisoner of War Operations Division), Washington 25, D. C , and to the port commander concerned, three copies of report containing the following in­ formation for each prisoner in each detachment (for ISU members also see par. 12j) (no report control symbol is required): _!_. Name. Note: List names alphabet­ ically in separate 2. Grade. groups for (1) offi­ — cer prisoners, (2) enlisted prisoners, _3. Serial number. and (3) protected personnel. 4. Medical classification (if patient) in accord­ ance with classification (use abbreviation) listed below. A short diagnosis will also be included (see AR 40-1025). (a) Class 1A (Strict Mental). Those mental prisoner-patients (major psy­ chotics) who will require security accommodations aboard ship and train and who will, in addition, require locked ward accommodations at final oversea destination. (b) Class IB (Security Mental). Those mental prisoner-patients who will r e ­ quire security accommodations on board ship and train, but who may be accommodated in open wards at final oversea destination. Some mental patients who can be accommodated in open wards in a hospital on land re­ quire restrictive quarters aboard ship for their safety end for the safety of the ship. (c) Class 1C (Open Ward Mental) Those mental prisoner-patients who will be accommodated in open wards en route

Memo 580-45 to and at final oversea destination. On board ship such prisoner-patients may be accommodated similarly to hospital ambulant and troop class patients. (d) Class 2 (Hospital litter patients), 3 (Hospital ambulant). Those (e.) Class ~ prisoner-patients who, while ambulant, will require certain hospital care en route and who, in addition, will re­ quire medical services from other individuals. (f) Class 4 (Troop Class). Those conva­ lescent prisoner-patients whose phys­ ical disabilities are such that they are not prevented from caring for themselves in an emergency. Such patients are to be accommodated in the ship's hospital unless space there­ in is unavailable, in which case, they may be accommodated in troop com­ partments under the control of the transport surgeon, retaining their primary status as prisoner-patients, (b) Report at least 24 hours in advance of departure to the port commander concerned, by telephone, TWX, or telegram, the following information for each detachment. Use code designation (shipment number and letter) not PW detachment designation (no report control symbol is required). 1. Expected date and hour of departure from present station. _2. Train symbol number. j3. Expected date and hour of arrival at the port. _4. Railway terminal delivering to the port. E L Strength of guard, mess, and medical personnel. 6. Number of prisoner-patients in each medical classification as indicated in f{l)(a)4_above. (2) By PW detachment train commander. (a) Report to the Provost Marshal General (Prisoner of War Operations Division - REpublic 6700, Ext. 79402), Washington, D. C , and Traffic Control Division, Passenger Branch (REpublic 6700, Ext. 2750), Washington, D. C, immediately by telephone (collect) any unusual delay in schedule of train. (b) Report to the Provost Marshal General (Prisoner of War Operations Division - REpublic 6700, Ext. 79402), Washington, D.C., immediately by telephone (collect) the name, grade, and serial number of any prisoner removed from the train while en route for any reason.

Memo 580-45 (c) Report to the port commander by telephone or telegraph, at least 5 hours in advance of arrival, the expecced hour of arrival at the port and the time last meal will be served on train. 10. The port commander Y/ill-­ a. Make the necessary arrangements to move prisoners and accompanying equipment to oversea destination. All prisoners will be moved without exception, unless a medical officer certifies other­ wise. b_. Issue the necessary calls for the prisoners, specifying the date, hour, and railway terminal for arrival at the port (or staging area). c.. Assume full responsibility for the custody of all prisoners, their baggage, personal effects, and records upon arrival at the port. d. Furnish sufficient guard detail and medical attendants for the prisoners while at the port. e_. Coordinate with the agencies issuing movement orders and take the necessary action to promptly return to proper stations all guard (except guards designated to accompany detachments to over­ sea destination), mess, and medical psrscnnel accompanying the detachments to the port. Such personnel will be returned as soon as practicable. JL Provide necessary physical inspection and certification (see g below and par. 5, AR 615-250). g. Deliver WD AGO Forms lis.ed in paragraph 7c(l) or (2) (b), as appropriate, together with physical inspection certification, to the troop transport commander (or ship's surgeon if movement is on hospital ship). h. Deliver personal property referred to in paragraph 5b, to the troop transport commander ^or ship's surgeon if movement is on hospital ship) with instructions that such property will be turned over to prisoner-owners upon surrender of property receipts held by prisoners, just prior to arrival at oversea destination. In the event a prisoner has lost his receipt, a new receipt will be obtained. All receipts will be forwarded to the Director, Enemy Prisoner of War Information Bureau, Fort George G. Meade, Md. i, Provide such escort personnel as will be necessary to serve as escort guards for prisoners during the voyage from the port to the oversea destination. j . Report as follows: (1) Air mail to the theater commander concerned, immediately after arrival of the detachments at the port, a consoli­ dated list of prisoners in shipment, including the follow­ ing information (see par. 9(1)(a)). Also air mail three (3) copies of this list to the Provost Marshal General (Attention: Prisoner of War Operations Division), Wash­ ington ?5, D. C. (a) Name. (b) Grade. (c) Serial number. (d) Medical classification (if patient). 9

Memo 580-45 (2) Radio immediately after embarkation to the theater com­ mander concerned, the total number of prisoners actually departing the port, giving numbers in each medical classification (see (1) (d) above). (3) Telephone, TWX, or telegraph immediately to the Provost Marshal General (Prisoner of War Operations Division, REpublic 6700, Ext. 79402), Washington, D. C : (a) Information regarding any delay in movement of prisoners to oversea destination. (b) Name, grade, and serial number of any prisoner arriving at the port who is removed for any reason from the shipment and who does not move from the port to oversea destination as scheduled. 11. The theater commander will-­ a. Accept custody of the prisoner shipment, including personal baggage and records, upon arrival at oversea port. b. Furnish the commanding officer of the guard detachment, or ISU commander, who accompanied the prisoner shipment oversea, with receipt for the prisoners, personal baggage, and records. c_. Insure that t.he commanding officer of the guard detachment, or ISU commander, air mails, without delay, copy of receipt referred to in b above, to the Enemy Prisoner of War Information Bureau, Office of the Provost Marshal General, Fort George G. Meade, Mary­ land. d. Upon completion of their primary mission, return the guard detachment, or ISU escort commander and his detachment, to the United States by the first available water transportation. For pur­ pose of identification, guard detachment will continue under their provisional designation. IV. ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS 12. General. The provisions of this memorandum are applicable for the processing and moving, incident to repatriation, of Italian service unit members, with the following modifications and additional instructions: a. Italian service units designated to be repatriated normally will be discontinued at home station but will maintain their unit formation for purposes of processing and movement to oversea destination. American administrative personnel allotted to such units will act as ISU escort commanders for the domestic and oversea movements. Additional instructions covering discontinuance of Italian service units and assigning of American allotted administrative personnel as ISU escort commanders will be published in War Department move­ ment orders or other directives. b. Paragraph 7b. Add "(18) WD AGO Form 19-39 (old WD PMG Form 90), Prisoner of War Identification Card" to list of records. c_. Paragraph 7c(2)(a). Delete record (13) from list of records. d. Paragraph 7c(2)(b). Delete record (9) and add records (13) and (18) to list of records. 10

Memo 580-45 e. Paragraph 7c(2)(d). Add "(11) Raincoat (1 per individual)" to items of clothing. j . Paragraph 7g. Increase limit of personal baggage of enlisted ISU members to 100 pounds. Add provision that foot lockers and suitcases possessed by ISU members (enlisted men and officers) prior to the publication of this memorandum may accompany pris­ oners if total weight' is within weight limitations. g_. Paragraph 71. Add provision requiring that United States money found in the possession of a prisoner be deposited in the indi­ vidual's trust fund account (see par. 4d, Chapter 4, TM 19-500). h. Paragraph 7m. Add provision that pay and allowances for ISU members will cease upon readiness date. L Paragraph 8b. The Provost Marshall General will also des­ ignate the allotted American administrative personnel to accompany ISU members. j_. Paragraph 9f(l)(a). Also air mail one (1) copy of report to the "Commanding General, Italian Service Units, Fort Wadsworth, New York. V. RESCISSIONS. 13. WD Memorandum 580-45, 25 May 1945, subject, ''Processing of Prisoners of War and Protected Personnel for Repatriation," is rescinded. (AG 383.6 (6 Aug 45)) BY ORDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR: OFFICIAL: EDWARD F. WITSELL Major General Acting The Adjutant General G. C. MARSHALL Chief of Staff

11

Memo 580-45 DISTRIBUTION: Commanding Generals: Army Ground Forces Army Air Forces Army Service Forces All Service Commands Military District, of Washington All ports of embarkation U. S. Forces, European Theater of Operations
Mediterranean Theater of Operations
Commanding Officers: Headquarters, Italian Service Units, Fort Wadsworth, N. Y. Prisoner of War Camps Prisoner of War Information Bureau, PMGO, Ft. George G. Meade, Md.
Prisoner of War Postal Unit, Ft. George G. Meade, Md.
Divisions of the War Department General Staff
Chiefs of technical services
Directors of staff divisions, ASF
Bureau of Public Relations
All Class I, H, IH, and IV Installations (5)
Copies of this memorandum are furnished only to agencies listed above. See section XI, WD Circular 307, 1944

12
2B-3fll20-14a00

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
W A S H I N G T O N 25, D. C .

W)

ARTICQLI DI GUERRA
(ARTICOLI SCELtl)

(Italian translation of certain American Articles of War)

WAR DEPARTMENT
Washington, D. C. 1944

ARTICOLI PI GUERRA
tAKTICQLI SC5LTIJ"

Articolo 1.

Definizioni,

A meno che il contesto dia ad intendere un altro

significato, i termini infracitati, qualvolta si impiegheranno
in questi Articoli di Guerra, si devono intendere nel senso
indicato in questo Primo Articolo, come segue:
(a) La parola "ufficiale" si riferisce ad un ufficiale

col brevetto dell1 Esercito;
(b) La parola n6oldatow si riferisce ad un sottufficiale,

caporale, soldato semplice, o qualsiasi altro uorao di truopa;
(c) La parola "compagnia" si riferisce parimentl ad uno

squadrone od una batteria;
(d) La parola "battaglione" si riferisce parimenti ad un

gruppo di sqiadroni od una squadriglia.
Articolo 2, Persone Soggette Alle Disposizione delle Leggi Militari. I seguenti

sono le persone soggette alle disposizioni di questi Articoli di
Guerra, e resta inteso che si riferiscono a queste persone i
termini "qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi
militarift e "persone soggette alle disposizioni delle leggi
militari" qualora si impiegano in questi Articoli — posto che

colla sola eccezione di disposizioni determinate nell1 Articolo 2,
nel sottoparagrafo (c) nessuna parte di questa legge sfintenda per
applicazione a qualunque persona sotto la giurisdiziohe navale
degli Stati Uniti, a meno che sia altrimenti proweduto nelle
leggi:
(a) Ufficiali dell* Esercito, infermiere del Corpo d»Infer­

miere dell1 Esercito,raaresciallimaggiori, segretari militari
dell1 Esercito, segretari-contabili della Intendenza Militare,
soldati appartenenti all1 Esercito itegolare degli Stati Unitij
militari volontari, dal giorno di rassegna o di approvazione per
il servizio militare nell1 Esercito degli Stati Unitij © qualunque
altra persona legittimamente chiamata sotto le armi per la leva,
per chiamata o richiamata delle riserve, o per ordine militare,
allo scopo di servizio o di addestramento, dal giorno in cui
gli occorra oboedire tale chiamata o richiamata, o tale ordine di
presentarsi.
(b) Allievi delle scuole militari;
(c) Ufficiali e soldati del corpo di Fanteria di Marina
qualora si trovino staccati per servizio colle armate (eserciti)
degli Stati Uniti per ordine del Presidente degli Stati Uniti —

posto che qualunque ufficiale o soldato del corpo di Fanteria di
Marina qualora si trovi cosi staccato pub essere sottomesso a la
sentenza giudiziale di un tribunale di guerra, di una forte marzial©
o di un consiglio di disciplina dell1 Esercito per delitto commesso
precendentemente al suo staccamento, in contrawenzione delle leggi
applicabili nel servizio navale, e che pariiaenti pub essere
sottomesso a la sentenza di qualunque tribunale, corte o consiglio
di diffciplina navale dopo aver terminato il predetto servizio
staccato;
(d) Qualunque persona assimilata per lavori al campo e

qualunque altra persona nel seguito o nel servizio delle armate
(eserciti) degli Stati Uniti partecipanti attivamente alia guerra o
dentro o fuori della giurisdisione territoriale degli Stati Uniti,
-2­

benche non altrimente soggetti alle disposizioni di questi
Articoli di Guerra;
(e) Qualunque persona sotto sentenza decreta di tribunale
di guerra (corte marziale o oonfiglio di discipline);
(f) Qualunque persona ammessa nella Casa di Riposo dei
Veterani delTEsercito Regolare, degli Stati Uniti, a Washington,
nel Distretto di Columbia,
Articolo 29« La Corte Beve Emanare la Sua Decisione. Qualora la corte
abbia assolto I 1 accusato, riguardo a tutte accuse e riguardo
a tutti gli aggravi specificati, incorabe alia corte I 1 obbligo di

eraanare in pari tempo tale risulta in sessione pubblica. La corte
pub parimenti emanare il verdetto e la ssntenza in altri casi, in
conformita dei regolamenti ordinati per il Presidente degli Stati
Uniti.
Articolo 54 . Arrolamento Illegale per via d* Inpostura. Qualunque persona che
si procurer^ arrolamento nel servizio militare degli Stati Uniti
per via di dicchiarazioni false intenzionali o dissimulazione
intenzionale in quanto alia sua capacita di arrolarsi se accetta
paga, soprassoldo o indennitV appartenente a tale arrolamento, subira
qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 55, L* Ufficiale Responsabile di un Arrolamento Illegale. L 1 ufficiale
chi scientemente arrola una persona la cui arrolamento e proibito
da legge, da regolamento o da ordine, o falsamente porta nel ruolo
di rassegna il nome di tale persona, sara congedato dal servizio
militare, 6 subira qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere
il tribunale militare.
Articolo 56. Hegistrazione Falsa neJ. Ruolo della Rassegna» Lf ufficiale che

scientement© porta nel ruolo della rassegna una registrazipne falsa
di persona o d' animale, o che firma od ordina o permette il firmare
di qualunque ruolo di rassegna sapendo che lo stesso contiene una
registrazione o dichiarazione falsa in quanto all'assanza o alia
paga di un ufficiale o di un soldato, o chi a torto accetta denaro
o qualunque altro compenso per tale registrazion© o dichiarazione
nel ruolo della rassegna di qualuncfue reggimento, compagnia od
altra unita o reparto, o per firaare il ruolo della rassegna, o
chi scientemente porta nel ruolo come ufficiale o soldato una persona
chi non e * tale ufficiale o soldato, sara congedato dal servizio
militare o, subira qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere
il tribunale militare.
Articolo 57, Resoconti Falsi - Mancanza di Rimettere Resoconto, Qualunque

ufficiale a cui incoraba 1* abbligo di rimettere al Ministero
della Guerra (War Department) od a qualsiasi altra. autorita
superiore resoconto della condizione delle truppe sotto il suo
comando, o di armi, di munizioni, di effetti di vestiario, di
denari o di altri beni a questi- appartenenti, se ne scientemente
rimetta resoconto falso, sara congedato de.l servizio militare, o
subira qualunque altra punizione cjie voglia prescrivere il tribunale
militare, E qualunque ufficiale che per negligenza o con intento,

manchera di rimettere tale resoconto, subira qualunque punizione
che voglia prescriver© il tribunale militare,
Articolo 58. Diserzione« Qualunque persona soggetta alle dieposizioni delle

leggi militari ch© disertera o tentera di disertare il servizio
militare degli Stati Uniti, se il delitto sia stato commesso in
tempo di guerra, soffrira morte o qualunque altra punizione che

voglia prescrivere il tribunals militare; e se il delitto sia Btato conimesso ad altro tempo, subira- qualunque puni'zione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare, ad eccezione di morte. Articolo 59. Consigliare od Aiutare un Altro a Disertare. Qualunque persona

soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari che consigliera, persuadera, o scientemente aiutera un altro a disertare il servizio degli Stati Uniti, se il delitto sia stato commesso in tempo di guerra, soffrira morte; e se il delitto sia commesso ad altro tempo, subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare, ad eccezione di morte, Articolo 60. Ricevere un Disertore. Qualunque ufficiale che abbia scoperto

nel suo comando la presenza di un disertore del servizio dell1 Esercito, della Marina, o del corpo di Fanteria di Marina e ritiene tal disertore nel suo comando senza informare l'autorita superiore od il comandante dell^nita. alia quale appartiene il disertore, subira1 qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare. Articolo pi. Assenza senza Autorizzazione. Qualunque persona soggetta alle

disposizioni delle leggi militari che manchera di recarsi a temine Tisso al suo posto di dovere, benche" lo stesso gli sia stato propriamento indicato,'oppure che si allontanera dallo steeso senza autorizzazione propriamento accordata, oppure che si assenta dalla sua unita, della sua guardia, dai suoi quartieri, dalla sua residenza, o dal suo accampamento senza autorizzazione propriamente accordata, subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare. Articolo 62. Mancanza di Rispetto verso il Presidents degli Stati Uniti, il Vice -5­

Presidente, il Congresso, il Ministro della Guerra (Secretary
of Vfar), i Governatori o le Camere Legislative degli Stati, ecc,
Qualunque ufficiale dell'Esercito che proferirk delle parole
sprezzariti o incivili riferendosi al Presidente degli Stati
Uniti, al Vice Presidente, al Congresso degli Stati Uniti, al
Ministro della Guerra (Secretary of War), oppure al Governatore
od alle Camere Legislative di ogni Stato, Territorio od altro
posscdimento degli Stati Uniti dove si trova acquartieratcy sar\
congedato dal servizio militare o subir^t qualunque altra punizione
che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare, Qualsiasi altra

persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari che sia
colpevole de tale contrawenzione subi2*a qualunque punizione che
voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare-,
Articolo 63. Mancanza di Rispetto verso Ufficiale Superiore* Qualunque persona

soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari che sia colpevole
di mancanza di rispetto nella sua condotta verso ogni ufficiale
superiore, subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il
tribunale militare,
Articolo 64, Vie di Fatto contro Ufficiali Superiori o Mancanza Premeditata di
Obbedienza. Qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni dell©

leggi militari che dia, con qual si voglia pretesto, un colpo
ad uno degli ufficiali a lui preposti, oppure che sguainera o
sollevi qualsiasi anna contro il tale o proferiBca minaccia di
far violenza alia persona del medesimo, qualora si trovi occupato
il tale nel suo dovere, oppure che premeditatamente manchera di
obbedire qualsiasi ordine legittimamente dato da parte di un
ufficiale superiore soffrira morte o subira qualunque altra

punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 65. Insubordinazione verso Sottufficiali dell'Esercito. Qualunque

soldato che venga, o tentera di passare alle vie di fatto, cortro
un maresciallo maggiore o sottufficiale dell'Esercito, o che
proferisca minaccia di farlo, oppure che premeditatamente manchera
di obbedire qualsiasi ordine legittimamente dato da parte di un
maresciallo maggiore o sottufficiale dell'Esercito qualora si
trovi lo stesso occupato nel suo dovere, oppure che proferisca
qualsiasi parole minaccevoli od insultanti, o sia colpevole
nella sua condotta d1insubordinazione o di mancanza di rispetto,
verso un maresciallo maggiore o sottufficiale dell'Esercito
qualora si trovi lo stesso occupato nel suo dovere, subira
qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 66* Ammutinamento o Sedizione. Qualunque persona sog,getta alle

disposizioni delle leggi militari che cerchera d'ispirare oppure
iniziera, suscitera, o ccgioneA qualsivoglia modo ltammutinamento
o la sedizione di qualsiasi corapagnia^ repartos presidio,
accarapamento, distaccaraento5 guardias o qualsiasi altro comando,
oppure che prendera parte a tale ammutinamento o sedizione,
soffrira morte o subiA qualunque ^.Itra punizione che voglia
prescrivere il tribunale militaree
Articolo 67. Mancanza di fieprimere Ammutinamento o Sedizione«. Qualunque
ufficiale dell'Esercito o soldato che trovandosi nella presenza
di amrautinamento o di sedision© manchera di fare tutto il suo
possibile per reprimere gli stessi* oppure che eapendo o avendo
motivo di credere che esista un stato di ammutinamento o di
sedizione manchera di ne far relazione senza indugio al suo

. . n ^

comandante, soffrira morte o subira qualunque altra punifione che
voglda preecrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 68.
Altercazioni; Azzuffamenti; Pisordini. Ogni ufficiale dell'Esercito,
infermiera del Corpo d1Infermiere dell'EBercito, maresciallo
maggiore^ segretario militare dell'Bsercito, segretario-contabile
della Intendenza Militare, o sottufficiale va autorizzato per
reprimero qualsivoglia altercazione, azzuffamento, o disordine
£ra persone soggette alle disposizioni delle leggi militari e per
separare i contendenti, col pot§re di porre agli arresti ogni
ufficiale colpevole di avere preeo parte ai medesimi, e di porre
agli arresti od alia consegna qualunque altra persona soggetta alle
disposizioni delle leggi militari colpevole di avere preso parte ai
medesimi, a seconda delle circostanze, fino che non avra ricevuto
notizia del caso uno degli ufficiali superiori come si convenga,
E qualunque persona che in tali circostanze si rifiutera di
obbedire gli ordini di ogni ufficiale, infermiera, capomusica,
maresciallo maggiore, segretario militare^ o sottufficiale, oppure
che sguainera qualsiasi arma o in qualsiasi altro modo lo minacciera
o violentera, subira qualunque punizione voglia prescrivere il
tribunale militare.
Articolo 69,
Consegna e Reclusione» Qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni

delle leggi militari che venga accusata sotto le disposizioni di
questi Articoli di qualsiasi crimine o di altra grave mancanza, si
porra alia consegna o reclusione seconda delle circostanze; ma una
persona accusata solamente di qualunque leggera contrawenzione non si
deve d*ordinario porre in reclusione. La persona che si trova alia

oonsegna sotto le disposizioni di questo Articolo dovra
restringersi, in virtu dei tali arresti, alia sua caserma, al
suo alloggio, od alia sua tenda, se non che l»autorita competente
abbia stabillto dei limiti meno ristretti. Qualunque ufficiale
dell'Esercito od allievo di scuola militare colpevole di rottura
di arresto o di evasions dalla sua reclusione, sia prima del suo
giudizio o della sua sentenza oppure piu tardi, prima di essere
stato messo in liberta dall'autorita competente, sara congedato
dal servizio militare o subira qualunque altra punizlone che
v.oglia prescrivere il tribunale militare; e qualsiasi altra persona
soggetta alle leggi militari colpevole di evasione dalla sua
reclusione o di rottura di arresto, sia prima del suo giudizio o
della sua sentenza oppure piu1 tardi, prima di essere state, messa in
liberta dallfautorita competente, subira qualunque punizione che
voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Artioolo 70« Misure da Prendere Higuardo alle Accuse« Le accuse e le speci­

ficazioni degli aggravi devono essere firmate da una persona
soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari e sotto giuramento
dichiarando che ha conoscenza personale delle cose in cii
manifestate, oppure che ha investigato le dette cose, e che tutte le
dichiarazioni sommesse riguardo alle stesse sono vere in fatto
secondo il suo meglior giudizio..
Nessiina accusa si deve riferire per essere processata ad un
tribunale di guerra a meno che si sia fatto primieramente un1
investigazione completa ed imparziale della stessa, Questa
investigazione includera ricerche in quanto a la verita delle
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dichiarazioni fatte nella accusa, in quanto alle forme della stessa,
ed in, quanto alle disposizioni che si devono fare intorno al
caso negli ihteressi della giustizia e della disciplina. # Nel
corso di tale investigazione si deve offrire l'occasione all1
accusato d' interrogare in controesame dei testimoni contro a
luij, a condizione che possono presentarsi i stessi, e di produrre
qualunqu© cosa che possa desiderare 1» accusato nel suo favore,
o in difesa o in mitigazione; e alia richiesta dell'accusato
l'ufficiale investigante deve interrogare tutti i testi disponibili.
Qualora le accuse siano inoltrate dopo 1' investigazione, si
deve accludere una reirazione della sostanza dell© deposizioni
ricevute nel interessi dell1 una parte e dell* altra.
Prima di stab H i r e 11 processo di qualsiasi accusa per un
tribunale di guerra, 1'autorita dalla quale £ stato ordinato
lo stesso riferiri. il caso al suo awocato di stato inaggiore per
considerazione e consiglio.
Qualora si ponga agli arresti od in reclusione militare qualunqu®
persona soggetta alle disposizioni dell© leggi militari le me sure
necessarie si prenderanno inanediatamente per giudicare 1* accusato
o far respingere 1'accusa e mettere in liberta 1' accusato.
Qualunque ufficiale responsabile di ritardo non necessario dei
ricerchi o della terminezione definitiva del caso subira qualunque
punizione voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare. Qualora si

detenga una persona col fine di sommettere la stessa al giudizio
di un tribunale di guerra, il comandante deve inoltrare le accuse
entro gli otto giorni susseguenti all' arresto od eJQa.reclusione
dell'accusato, posto che sia possibile farlo entro tale termine,
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all*ufficiale ftvendo giurisdizione di tribunale di guerra, e deve
prowedere l'accusato d'una copia delle predette accuse. Posto
che non sia possibile farlo entro tali termini egli fara relazione
ad autorita superiore delle ragioni di tale ritardo. L'awocato

militare incaricato del processo fara trasmettere formalmente
all»accusato una copia delle accuse sulle quali sara basato il
giudizio; e mancanza di cosi comunicare tali accuse sara motivo
legale per una continuanza, e meno che il processo si faccia sulle
accuse comunicate all'accusato come precedentemente preveduto
in questo articulo. In tempo di pace nessuna persona deve
essere cottomossa al giudizio di un tribunale di guerra, se voglia
far'obiezlone, entro i cinque giorni susseguenti al aver ricevuto
la comunicszione formale delle accuse sulle quali sara basato il
suo giudizio.
^rticolo 71. Rifiuto di Ricevere e Cu a to dire Prigionieri. Nessun capo di
polizia militare o comandante di guardia deve rifiutarsi di ricevere
o di custodire un prigioniero conftdato alia sua custodia da parte
di qualunque ufficiale d* »sercito degli Stati Uniti, purehe1
l'ufficiale incaricato di coneegnare il prigioniero non raanchera
di rimettere al tempo della consegna una relazione per iscritto
firmata da lui nella quale si specifica il delitto o la contrawenzione
di quale e imputato il prigioniero. Qualunque ufficiale o soldato
che si rifiutera come suesposto subirV qualunque punizione che
voglia prescriver« il tribunale militare.
Articolo 72. Relazione da Fare Riguardo ai Prigionieri Ricevuti. Ogni
comandante di guardia che avrel ricevuto nella sua custodia un

prigioniero rimettera al comandante, entro ventiquatro ore susseguenti
a tale consegna, oppure immediatamente dopo rilevamento della sua
guardia, una relazione per iscritto, nella quale dara a w i s o del
nome di tale prigioniero, del delitto di quale e accusato, e del
nome dell'ufficiale da cai venne consegnato. Llancanza di fare tal

relazione si punira come voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Artieolo 73* Scarcerazione Non Propriamente Autorizzata di un Prigioniero,
Qualunque persona sog^etta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari
che senza I'autorizze.sione necessaria scarcera qualunque prigioniero
debitamente confidato alia sua costodia, oppure per negligenza o
permetta 1'evasione di qualunque prigioniero cosi
> ' subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere
militare.
Artieolo 74, Consegna di Delinquenti alle Autorita Civili. Eccezione fatta di

ocp©rRQne detenute dalle autorita militari per comparire dinanzi al
tribunale, di persone in aspettazione di processo o dell'esito
dello stesso, e di persone espiando pena per un delitto o per una
eontrawenzione punibili secondo le disposizioni di questi Articoli
di Guerra, se qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle
leggi militari sia stato accusato d*avere commesso, nei confini
geografichi degli Stati dell' Unione oppure nel Distretto di
Columbia, un delitto od una contrawenzione punibili secondo le
leggi del paese, incombe al comandante l'obbligo, fuori di tempo
di guerra, di fare ogni eforzo, in conseguenza a domanda debitamento
fatta, per consegnare tale persona accusata alle autorita civili,
oppure d'aiutare gli ufficiali della giustizia a prendere e mettere
-IP­

in sicuro la stessa affinche sia processato.

Qualunque

comandante che si rifiutera o che deliberataraente manchera, in
conseguenza a domanda debitamente fatta fuori di tempo di
guerra, di consegnare tale persona alle autorit"a civili, oppure
di aiutare gli ufficiali della giustizia a prendere e mettere
in sicuro la stessa, s a A congedato dai servizio militare o subira
qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunals militare,
Qualora si consegnera alle autorit^t civili, secondo le
disposizioni determinate in quest1 Articolo, un delinquente

espiando pena imposta da tribunals militare, tale consegna se
seguita da condanna ei terra come interruzione della pena imposta
dal tribunale militare, e dopo di rispondere della sua. oolpa alle
autorita ci-vrili il delinquente sarX rimandato alia custodia
militare' per servire il resto della p e n a tribunale militare.
Articolo 75, Contegno BiasimevolQ in Presenza del Kemico. Qualunque ufficiale
impoata dal suddetto

o soldato che sia colpevole di contegno biasinievole in presenza
del nemico, di fuga, oppure di avere in modo disonorante abbandonato
o lasciato al nemico qualunque forte, sede o accampamento militari,
guardia od altro comando sebbene gli incombeva l'obbligo di
difendere i stessi, o che sia colpevole di mettere i stessi in
pericolo in conseguenza di qualsiasi contegno biasimevole,
disobbedienza o trascuranza, oppure proferisca parole portando altre
persone ad agire di tale modo, oppure gettera le sue a m i o munizioni,
oppure abbandonera il suo posto o la sua bandiera nell'intento di
depredare o saccheggiare, oppure di qualsiasi modo dara luogo a
falsi allarmi nel accampamento, nel presidio o nei quartieri,
-IS­

soffrira morte o subira qualunque altra punizione che voglia
prescrivere il tribunals militare.
Articulo 76. Subordinati Colpevoli di Forzare il .Comandante a Arrendersi.
Qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari
colpevole di forzare o di avere cercato di forzare qualunque
comandante di qualunque presidio, forte, sede o accampamento
militari, guardia od altro comando a lasciare i stessi al nemico
o ad abbandonarli, soffrira morte o subira qualunque altra punizione
che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 77. Uso Improprio di Contrassegno. Qualunque persona soggetta alle

disposizioni delle leggi militari che faccia conoscere il
contraffsegno, la controparola o la parola di riconoscimento, ad
una persona che secondo le regole a sotto la disciplina
di guerra non ha diritto a saperli, o dia contrassegno o parola
differenti di quali gli fosse stati trasmesse, se tale delitto
sia stato commesso in tempo di guerra, soffrira morte o subira
qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale
militare.
Articolo 78. Uso di Forza in Violazione di Mezzi di Sicurezza. In tempo di

guerra qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi
militari colpevole di usare forza in violazione di mezzi di
sicurezza soffrirfc, morte o subira1 qualunque altra punizione che
voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 79. II Dovere di Mettere al Sicuro, ad Uso del Servizio Fubblico,
Tutta Proprieta Catturata. Tutta propriety pubblica tolta al nemico

e la propriety, degli Stati Uniti e si deve mettere al sicuro,
ad uso del servizio degli Stati Uniti; e qualunque persona soggetta
-14­

alle disposizioni delle leggi militari colpe-vole di avere mancato
di mettere al sicuro tale proprieta, o colpevole di aversi ingiustamente
appropriato tale propriety, subiret qualunque punizione che voglia
prescrivere il tribunale miiitare.
Articolo 80. Commercio di Proprieta Tolta al Ilemico od Abbandonata. Qualunque

persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari che
comprera, vendera o barattera propriety tolta al nemico od abbandonata,
oppure in qualsivoglia guisa traffiche in tale proprieta o disponge
della stessa in maniera da accogliere qualsiasi profitto, benefizio
o avantaggio per se mede^imo o per qualunque altra persona in
rapporto con lui direttamente od indirettamente, oppure che
manchera di ne dare awiBo all'autorita competento o di consegnare
tale proprieta senza indugio all'autori-£a corapetente qualorp. entre
in possesso della stessa o ne assuma la custodia, se aggiudicato
colpevole di tale azione, sara punito di ammenda in denaro o di
imprigionamento, oppure di qualsiasi punizione che voglia imporre
il tribunale di guerra, lacorte marziale, il consiglio di
disciplina, od una conunissione miiitare od altro tribunale miiitare,
oppure di ognuna delle suddette punizioni o di tutte,
Articolo 81. Fornire Assistenza od Aiuta al Neiaico o ?enere Corrispondenza con lo
Btesso. Chiunque assista o cerche d1 assistere il nemico per

forniraento d'armi, munizioni, prowigioni, denaro, od altra cosa,
o scientemente dia asilo al nemico, o proteggia lo stesso o tenga
corrispondenza con lo stesso, o gli dia informazioni direttamente
oppure indirettamente, soffrira morte o subira qualunque altra
punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale miiitare.

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Articolo 82, Persore Colpevoli di Spionaggio,

Qualunque persona che in

tempo di guerra sia stata scoperta in agguato oppure agendo da
spia, dentro od intorno ad ogni fortificazioni, presidio, quartieri,
od accampamento di ognuno degli eserciti degli Stati Uniti, od
altrove. sara sommessa al giudizio di un tribunale di guerra o di
una coronassione miiit^re, e soffrira morte se sia dichiarato
coipevole di tale delitto.
Articolo 83. Perdita di Proprieta dell'Ajraninistrazione Militarej, Premeditata o
per Traecurateszas Danneggiamento od illecita conversione di
deli^ijigninistrazione Militare, Qualunque persona

soggetta all<a disposizioni delle leggi militari che permetta,
premeditatament© o per trascuratezza, la perdita^ il danneggiamento
o qualsiasi illecita conversione di beni appartenenti agli Stati
Uniti, dovra compensare tale perdita o danneggiamento e eubira
qualunque puhizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 84 e Disperdimento o Conversione-IIlegale di Proprieta dell'Amministra­ zione Militare Distributa ai Soldati. Qualunque soldato colpevole

di vendita od illecita conversione di proprieta dell'airaninistrazione
militare, oppure colpevole di avere danneggiato o perduto,
premeditatamente o per trascuratezza, qualsiasi cavallo, a m i ,
munizioni, corredo militare, equipaggiamento, effetti di vestiario
o qualsiasi altra proprieta distributa ad uso nel Servizio militare,
subira qualunque pvnizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale
militare.

•16­

Articolo 35.

Ubriachezza in Servizio.

Qualunque ufficiale dell1 Esercito

colpevol© di ubriachezza in servizio, se il delitto sia stato
coramesso in tempo di guerra, sara congedato dal servizio militare
e subira qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere il
tribunale militare; e se il delitto aia stato commesso in tempo
di pace, subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il
tribunale militare. Qualunque persona soggei&e.; alJ^gr cyLsposizioni

delle leggi militari (ad eccezione degli u^fVic^-a^i:jg&l£' Esercito)
colpevole di ubriachezza in servizio, subira qualunque punizione
che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare,
Articolo 86« ,Contegno Biasimevole d'una Sentinella. Qualun,quej,^^toLnella che

sia scoperta al suo posto addoraentata, od in stajb^^ijtaubriachezza,
o che abbandonera il suo posto prima di essere- d«b.its^ente rilevato,
se ii delitto sia stato commesso in tempo di guerray soffrira morte
p subira qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere il
tribunale militarej e se il delitto sia atato commesso in tempo di
pace,subira qualunque punizione colla sola eccezione di voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 87. Yantaggio Personale dalla Vendita di Frowigionie Qualunque
morte, che

ufficiale dell1 Esercito avendo comando di qualsiasi presidio, forte,
caserma, accampamento od altro luogo dove possano fare il servizio
d^lle truppe degli Stati Uniti che imponga per il suo vantaggio
personale qualsiasi tassa o imposta nella vendita di viveri od
altre necessita della vita apportati dentro di tale presidio, forte,
caserma, od altro luogo adoperato all'uso di truppa, oppure che
sia interessato in tale vendita, sara congedato dal servizio militare
e subirl qualunque altra punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale
militare. -17­

Articolo 88.

Condotta Minaccevole verso le Persone che Apportano Approwigiona­ menti. Qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi

militari che insultera, minaccera* o violentera qualcuna delle
persone incaricate di apportare approwigionamenti, rifornimenti
od alt re cose necessarie a qualsiasi accampamento, presidio, o
quartieri di truppa degli Stati Uniti, oppure che illecitamente
s'impiccera in tale impiego delle suddette persone, subira qualunque
punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Articolo 89, L'Obbligo di Mantenere Buon Qrdine e di Correggere Abuso» Ogni

persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari deve
comportarsi in buon ordine nei quartieri, nel presidio, nel
accamparaento ed in marcia; e qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni
delle leggi militari che sia colpevole di disperdimento o guastamento,
o di distruzione premeditata, di qualeiasi proprieta o beni (salvo
per ordine del suo comandante), oppure che sia colpevole di avere
commeeso saccheggio o sia colpevole di condotta tumultuosa, subirl
qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare.
Qualunque comandante che avendo ricevuto lagnanza sollevata si
rifiutera oppure manehera di avere cura che si dia soddisfazione
della ingiuria cosi riferita, per quanto si possa far riparazione
prelevando il montante del danno sulla paga del delinquente, sotto
le disposizioni del Articolo 105, sara congedato dal servizio
militare o subira qualunque altra punizione, oome voglia prescrivere
il tribunale militare•
Articolo 90* Parole o Gesti Provocanti« Le persone soggette alle disposizioni

delle leggi militare devono astenersi dal uso fra se di parole o
gesti ingiuriosi o provocantij e qualsiasi persona soggetta alle
-18­

disposizioni delle leggji militari che sia colpevole di
contrawenzione delle disposizioni di questo Articolo subira
qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare
Articolo 91. Duelli. Qualunque persona soggetta alle leggi militari che sia

colpevole di battersi in duello, di prorauovere un duello, oppure
di assere interessato o di prendere parte nello stesso, oppure
che avendo cognizione di sfida mandata od in procinto di essere
mandata, manchera di far relazione di questo fatto prontamente
allfautorita competente, se sia ufficiale dell'Esercito, sara
congedato dal servizio militare o subira qualunque altra punizione
che. voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare, e si sia qualsiasi
altra persona soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari
subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale
militare.
Articolo 92, Omicidio - Jtetto, Qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni
delle leggi militari che sia colpevole di avere commesso un
omicidio o ratto soffrira morte o~ sara punito con la reclusione
a perpetuitk, coiae voglia prescrivere il tribunale militare; ma
nessuna persona deve essere sottomessa, in tempo di pace, al
giudizio di un tribunale militare per omicidio o ratto commessi
nei confini geografichi degli Stati dell'Unione oppure nel
Distretto di Columbia,
Articolo 93, Delitti Diversi. Qualunque persona soggetta alle disposizioni

delle leggi militari che sia colpevole di aver commesso omicidio
preterintenzionale, lesioni, incendio, effrazione, scasso^ furto o
rapina, ladrocinio, malversazione, spergiuro, contraffazione,

-19­

sodomia, attentato collfintento di infliggere lesione con^uso
di arma, utensile, od altra cosa suscettibile di far danno alia
persona, oppure attentato coll'intento di infliggere lesione,
subira qualunque punizione che voglia prescrivere il tribunale
railitare.
Articolo 94. Frode nelle Relazioni col Governo degli Stati Uniti. Qualunque

persona soggetta alle leggi militari che sia colpevole di
avanzare oppure di far avanzare qualsiasi pretensione sul
Governo degli Stati Uniti, sapendo che la stessa e falsa o
fraudolentaj
Oppure di sottomettere o di far sottomettere, a qualsivoglia
persona nell*Amministraaione Civile o nellfAmministrazione Militare
degli stessi, all'approvazione o col motivo di ottener© il
pagamento9 qualsiasi pretensione sul Governo degli Stati Uniti
o 3U qualcuno degli ufficiali dello stesso, sapendo che tale
pretensione e falsa o fraudolenta;
Oppure di impegnarsi in qualsivoglia accordo o cospirazione
col fine di defraudare il Governo degli Stati Uniti e di ottenere
o di aiutare altrui ad ottenere, col predetto motivo, abbuono o
pagamento di qualsiasi pretensione falsa o fraudolenta;
Oppure di fare o di adoperare, o di procurarsi, oppure di
consigliare altrui di fare o di adoperare, qualsiasi ma*noscritto
od altro documento, col motivo di ottenere o di aiutare altrui ad
ottenere approvazione, abbuono o pagamento di qualgivoglia pretensione
sul Governo degli Stati Uniti o su qualcuno degli ufficiali dello
stesso, sapendo che il predetto documento contiene dichiarazione
falsa o fraudolentaj
-20­

Oppure di prestare^o di procurarsi, oppure di consigliare
altrui ad ottenere, qualsiasi giuramento in quanto a qualunque
fatto, o manoscritto od altro documento, col motivo di ottenere
o di aiutare altrui ad ottenere approvazione, abbuono o pagamento
di qualsivoglia pretensione sul Governo degli Stati Uniti o B U
qualcuno degli ufficiali dello stesso, sapendo che tale giuramento
e falso;
Oppure di falsificare o di contraffare, oppure di procurarsi
o di consigliare falsificazione o contr.affazione, di qualsiasi
firma su qualsivoglia manoscritto od altro documento, oppure di
adoperare, o di procurarsi o di consigliare l'uso di tale firma,
col motivo di ottenere o di aiutare altrui ad ottenere approvazione,
abbuono o pagamento di qualsivoglia pretensione sul Governo degli
Stati Uniti o su qualcuno degli ufficiali dello stesso, sapendo
che tale firma e falsificata o contraffatta;
Oppure, avendp a carico, nella sua possessione, nella sua
custodia od alia sua disposizione, dei fondi pubblici od altra
proprieta degli Stati Uniti forniti o destinati ad uso del servizio
militare degli stessi, di rimettere scientemente o di far rimettere
a qualsiasi persona autorizzata a ricevere i tali nel complesso
o in parte, qualunque somma che sia di minor valore che il montante
cos\ autorizzato per cui si da il attestato o la quietanzaj
Oppure, trovandosi autorizzato a fare o a rimettere qualunque
documento attestando ricevimento di qualsiasi proprieta fornita
o destinata ad uso del servizio militare degli stessi, di fare
tal docuraento o di rimetterlo a qualunque persona senza aver
contezza intera della verita di dichiarazioni contenute nello
-21­

stesso, e coll'intento da. defraudare il Governo degli Stati
Uniti;
Oppure di derubare, di sottrare fraudolentemente, di adoperare
scientemente e premeditatamente al suo proprio uso od avantaggio
od ad altri usi illegali, oppure di vendere od alienare
illecitamente o scientemente, qualsiasi guarnimento per armature,
armi, equipaggiamento, munizioni, effetti di vestiario, dotation! di
viveri o' di foraggi, denaro od altra propriety degli Stati Uniti
che siano destinati o siano stati £orniti ad uso del servizio
railitare degli stessi;
Oppure di comprare o ricevere in pegno per qualsiasi debiti
od altro obbligo, da parte di qualsiasi soldato, ufficiale dell1
Esercito od altra persona incorporata od impiegata neljle forze o
nel servizio quanto sopra, qualunque guernimento per armature,
armi, equipaggiamento, munizioni, effetti di vestiario, dotation!
di viveri o di foraggi od altra proprieta degli Stati Uniti,
sapendo che tale soldato, ufficiale dell'Esercito oa altra personal
non ha diritto legittimo di venderlo o darlo in pegno;
Sara punita, se giudicata rea di tale reato, con multa o con
la reclusione o con qualsiasi altra punizione che voglia
aggiudicare il tribunale militare, oppure con ogni o tutte dellei i
predette pene. E qualora ognuna persona colpevole di qualcuno

dei predetti reati mentre si troveva nel servizio militare
degli Stati Uniti avra ricevuto il suo foglio di congedo o sara
stata destituita dal servizio* restera la stessa esposta ad
arresto ed ad essere citata davanti il tribunale militare per
giudizio e sentenza, nello stesso modo e nella ste'ssa misura
-22­

come prima di ricevere tale foglio di congedo o prima di essere
destituita dal servizio. E qualora ogni ufficiale dell'Esercito

colpevole, mentre si.troveva nel servizio degli Stati Uniti, di
malversazione di risparmi effettuati nelle razioni, di fondi
appartenenti alia cantina militare od alia compagnia, o di altri
fondi di tale indole, oppure di malversazione di fondi od altra
proprieta confidati a lui da parte di soldati o di un soldato,
riceva il suo congedo, oppure sia destituito dal servizio o
radiato dal ruolo, restera lo stesso esposto ad arreeto ed ad
essere citato davanti il tribunale militare per giudizio e
sentenza, nello stesso modo e nella stessa misura come prima di
ricevere tale congedo o prima di essere destituito o radiato dal
ruolo,
Articolo 95. Condotta Indegna di un Ufficiale e di un Gentiluomo* Qualunque

ufficiale dell'Esercito od allievo di scuola militare riconosciuto
colpevole di condotta indegna di un ufficiale e di un gentiluomo
sara congedato dal servizio militare.
Articolo 96. Reati Diversi. In piu dei reati accennati negli Articoli precendenti,

ogni altri disordini o trascuratezza a pregiudizio del buon ordine
o della disciplina militare, ogni condotta suscettibile di metter
in discredito il servizio militare, ed ogni delitto o contrawenzione,
salvo delitto capitale, se involge la colpabilit'a di una persona
soggetta alle disposizioni delle leggi militari, deve denunziarsi
a qualunque tribunale di guerra, corte marziale o -consiglio di
dieciplina competenti nel caso, e questo tribunale militare dovrst
prenderne conoscenza e prescrivere la pena, alia sua discrezione,
a seconda dellfindole e secondo le circostanze del reato.

-23­

Articolo 104.

I Poteri Disciplinari del Comandante.

In conformita di quali

regolamenti voglia prescrivere il Presidente degli Stati Uniti,
il comandante di qualsiasi distaccamento, compagn.ia o comando
piu alto e autorizzato d'imporre per contrawenzioni minori,
punizione disciplinare a persone appartenenti al suo comando, senza
1Tintervento di qualcun tribunale militare, se non che la persona
accusata richieda giudizio per tribunale milits re.
Tale punizione disciplinary sotto le disposizioni di questo
Articolo potra coinprendere qualcuna delle seguenti: richiamo

all'ordine, rimprovero solenne, restringimento di privilegi per uno
spazio di tempo che non dovra1 eccedere una settimana, corve*
addizionale per uno spazio di tempo che nor. dovra eccedere una
settimana, restrizione a limiti particolareggiati secondo il
caso per uno spazio.di tempo che non dovra eccedere una settimana,
o lavori forzati senza la reclusione per uno spazio di tempo che
non dovra eccedere una settimana. La predetta punizione

disciplinare non potra comprendere penale della paga o detenzione
sotto guardia armata; ma in tempo di guerra o di grave emergenza
pubblica un ufficiale comandante del grado di generate di brigata
o di grado superiore potra, sotto le dinposizioni di quento
Articolo, anche imporre'ad un ufficiale del suo comando, di
grado inferlore al grado di maggiore, penale della paga fino
alia concorrenza della meta della mensualita del ufficiale per
un mese. La persona punita sotto le disposizioni di questo

Articolo, se ritenga che la sua punizione non sia giusta o sia
sproporzionata al reato commesso, potra appellarsi all'autorita

-24­

prossima superiore, per vie propriamente stabilite per tale
fine; tuttavia potr^ essere obbligato a subire frattanto la
punizione aggiudice.ta, L'ufficiale coraandante da cui e stata

imposta la punizione, il suo successore nel comando, e 1'autorita
superiors competente si terranno autorizzati a mitigare od a
rimettere qualunque parte inespiata della pena imposta. o Pesecuzione di una pena disciplinare inflitta sotto le
disposizioni di questo Articolo per qualsivoglia atto od omissione
non si terra come escludendo la possibilita di sorarnettere la
medesima persona al giudizio di un tribunale railitare per un delitto
od una contrawenzione che abbia consegiuto dall'atto o dall1
omissione quanto copra; ma il fatto che una pena disciplinare e
stata applicata potra manifestarsi da parte del accusato nel
processo, e sendo stato cosi manifestato si prendera in
considerazione nsl determinare la misura della pena che dovra
aggiudicarsi nel caso che il predetto accusato sia stato
dichiarato colpevole.
Articolo 105. Sollievo di Vioiazioni del Diritto di Proprieta* Qualora si
L'imposizione

faccia lagnanza al comandante di danni feitti ai beni di qualunque
persona, oppure che venda la stessa ingiustamente spogliata
di beni suoi, da una persona soggetts alle disposizioni delle
leggi militari, tale lagnanza deve essere investigata da un consiglio
coiriDOsto di qualsivoglia numero di ufficiali di uno a tre, e questo
consiglio dovra essere convocato dal comandaivte; e allo scopo di
tale investigazione si concedera al suddetto consiglio il potere
di citare dei testi, e d1 interrogare i stessi sotto giuramentc
(od affermazione), di ricevere deposizioni o qualunque evidenza
documentale e di fissare il danno convalidato per,giudizio contro
alle parti responsabili. II montante del daniio fissato da tale
-25­

consiglio sara sottoraesso all'approvazione del comandarite, e il
montante del danno da lui app.rovato si prelevera suila paga dei
delinquents L'ordine di tale ufficiale prescrirendo ritenzioni di

paga autorizzate conformemente alle disposizioni di quest1 Articolq
si terra come autorizzazione decisiva e finale per qualunque
ufficiale pagatore di pagare alle parti che hanno sostenuto il
danneggio il suddetto montante prelevato in conformita di tale
ordine.
Qualvolta non sara" possibile assicurarsi dell1identity
dei delinquent!, sebbene si sappia a quale unita o distaccamento
appartengono, si porta prelevare il montante del danno fissato,
mediante ritenzione della paga di persone appartenenti a tale unita
o distaccamento, ripartendo questo carico, nella proporzione che
si ritenga giusta, entre tutti i membri dell'unita o del distaccamen^
che secondo il verdetto approvato dal consiglio si trovavano
presenti colla sua unit^. o col suo dietaccamento durante il tempo
in cui si infliggeva il danno del quale si feci lagnanza.
Articolo 106, Potere degli Ufficiali Cirili di Arreetare un Disertore, Ogni
ufficiale che esercita, sotto le leggi degli Stati Uniti, o di
qualcuno degli stati, oppure di qualsiasi territorio,
o distretto, o tierra nella possessione degli Stati Uniti il
diritto di arrestare delinquenti si terra autorizzato per l*arresto

sommario di disertori del servizio militare degli Stati Uniti, allo
scopo di consegnare tale disertore o tali disertori alia custodia
delle autorita militari degli Stati Uniti#
Articolo 107. Lf Obbligazione del soldato di Higuadagnare Tempo che Manea al
Compimento della sua Ferma, Ogni soldato che disertera il servizio
-2 5­

degli Stati Uniti nel co«?o di ferraa attualo o di qualsiasi f e m a
susseguente, oppure si assentera, per piu d'un giorno e senza
debita autorizzazione, dalla sua unita,, dalla sua residenza, o dal
suo servizio, oppure che venga conaegnato per piu d'un giorno
sotto sentenza di tribunale di guerra, di corte marziale, o di
consiglio di disciplina, oppure che venga aspettando giudizio e
ordinaraento della sua causa, oppure che venga inabilitato per
piu d'un giorno di adempiere il proprio dovere, in consequenza di
uso imraoderato di droghe o di bevande alcooliche, oppure dovuto a
raallattia o a ferimento risuitando dalla eua propria cattiva
condotta, si terra soggetto a servire, dopo restituzione allo
stato di piena attitudine al servizio, per un spazio di tempo tale
che col tempo adempiuto precendentemente alia detta diserzione,
assenza non autorizzata, consegna, od inabilitazione rivendra allo
3tesso come la durata totale di quella parte della sua ferma che gli
occorre servire colla sua unita prima d'eesere congedato alia riserva
dell'Esercito.
Articolo 108, Congedo Assoluto dei Soldati* Nessun soldato legalmente incorporate

nel servizio militare degli Stati Uniti ricevera il suo congedo
assoluto dal detto servizio senza rimessa del suo foglio di congedo,
il quale dovra. portare la firma di propria mano di uno degli
ufficiali superiori del reggimento o di altra unita alia quale
appartenga il detto soldato, oppure quella del comandante qualora
non sia presente tale ufficiale superiore; e nessun soldato ricevera
il suo congedo assoluto del detto servizio prima della scadenza
della sua ferma, se non sia per ordine del Presidente degli Stati
Uniti, del Miniatro della Guerra (Secretary of War), per ordine
-27­

del conandante di uno dei distretti militari, oppure per sentenza
di un tribunale di juerra.
Articolo 10?• II Giuramento di 1'edelta. Al tempo della sua incorporazione nel

servizio militare ogni soldato prestera giuramento od afferrnazione
in questi termini:
n

Io,

, per questo confermo con

giuramento, (impegno la mia fede) che non manchero raai di fede
oppure di lealta nel mio dovere a^li Stati Uniti di America; che
prcstero servizio a^li stessi di buona fede e lealmente contro tutti
i suoi nemichi, chichessia; e che prestero obbedienza agli ordini
del Presidente degli Stati Uniti ed agli ordini degli ufficiali
preposti a me, in conformita del diritto di guerra e socondo gli
Articoli di Guerra." Questo giuramento (od afferaazione) si puo

prestare innanzi ad ogni ufficiale dell'Esercito,

-28-

S4>7S7«0ABCD-»8O«

ARTICLES OF WAR
MILITAERSTRAFGERICHTSORDNUNG

(AUSWAHL AUS DEN KRIEGSARTIKELN)

WAR DEPARTMENT
WASHINGTON, D. C, 1944

REFERENCE ASF CIRCULAR NO. 296, 1S44.

(Auswahl aus den Kriegsartikeln)
Artike1 1. Sprachgebrauch. In den Kriegsartikeln sind die nachstehend

(Artikel 1) bezeichneten Ausdruecke in der hier festgelegten
Bedeutung aufzufassen, wenn nicht eine abweichende Bedeutung
durch den Zusaramenhang gegeben ist,
(a) Das Wort "Offizier" bezieht sich ausschliesslich auf

Heeresoffiziere von vollem Offiziersrang, d. h. Offiziere, die ihr
Jffizierspatent erworben haben,
(b) Das Wort "Soldat" bezieht sich auf im militaerischen

Dienst stehende Personen des niedrigsten Standee der Mannsohaften,
Gefreite.. Obergefreite, Unteroffiziere und Feldwebelleutnants,
sowie auf irgendwelche andere im militaerischen Dienst stehende
Personen, die nicht das Offizierspatent erworben naben.
(c) Das Wort "Kompanie" bezieht sich gleichzeitig auf
entsprechende Einheiten der Kavallerie und Artillerie,
(d) Das Wort "Bataillon" bezieht sich gleichzeitig auf

entsprechende Einheiten der Kavallerie und Artillerie, u.s.w,
Artikel 2. Persoenlicher Geltungsbereich der in den Kriegsartikeln enthaltener
Bestimmungen, Die nachstehend unter (a) - (f) bezeichneten Personen

sind den Strafvorschriften der Kriegsartikel unterworfen und der
Ausdruck
tt

eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person," Oder

"der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Personen" bezieht sich in
den Kriegsartikeln auf die in diesen Abschnitten bezeichneten
Personen, MIT DEM VORBEHALT, dass mit Ausnahme der Festsetzungen
des Artikel 2, Abschnitt (c), keine der in den Kriegsartikeln
festgelegten Bestimraungen Anwendung finden darf auf Personen, die

der von der Kriegsmarine der Vereinigten Staaten auszuuebenden
Gerichtsbarkeit unterstellt sind, in so fern nicht ausdruecklich
von Gesetzes wegen anderweitig bestimmt ist.
(a) Offiziere, Mitglieder des Verbandes der Heereskranken­

pflegerinnen, Feldwebelleutnants, Heeresbuerogehilfen, Intendantur-
Buerogehilfen, und zum stehenden Heer der Vereinigten Staaten
gehoerige Soldaten; Freiwillige, vom Zeitpunkt ihrer Einrau sterling
oder Einfuehrung in den Heeresdienst der Vereinigten Staaten; urd
irgendwelche anderen Personen, die gesetzmaessig einberufen,
ausgehoben oder anderweitig zu Dienstzwecken oder zwecks Ausbildung
zum Heeresdienst befohlen sind, vom Zeitpunkt, wo aie gemaess den
Bestimmungen der Einberufung zum aktiven Cienst oder des Aushebungs­ oder Dienstbefehles verpflichtet waren, sich zum Dienst :a melden;
(b) (c) Zoeglinge der Heeresicadettenanstaltenj
Offiziere und ooldaten der marine-Infanterie, waehrend

des Zeitrauin.es, fuer den sie auf Befehl des Praesidenten der
Vereinigten Stcaten zum Dienst beim Eeere der Vereinigten Staaten
abkomraandiert sind, }!IT D f f i v i VOiiESHALT, dass waehrend des vorerwaehnten
Zeitraumes Offiziere und Soldaten der karine-Infanterie vor ein
Heereskriegsgericht gebracht werden koennen fuer einen vor diesem
Zeitrauaa begangenen Verstoss gegen die Strafbestimmungen der
Kriegsmarine, oder vor ein Marine-Kriegsgericht fuer einen Verstoss
gegen die Bestimmungen der nachstehenden Kriegsartikel;
(d) Ausserhalb der territorialen Gerichtsbarkeit der
Vereinigten Staaten alle Mitglieder des Heeresgefolges, sowie alle
anderen Personen, die daselbst bei den Armeen der Vereinigten

-2­

Staaten Dienst ausueben oder die Truppen begleiten; und zur Zeit
eines Kriegszustandes innerhalb sowohl als ausserhalb der
Vereinigten Staaten alle Mitglieder des Heeresgefolges und die
vorerwaehnten anderen Pereonen, soweit sie bei den Armeen der
Vereinigten Staaten im Felde Dienst ausueben oder die Truppen
begleiten, "wenngleich diese Personen den Bestimraungen der
Kriegsartikel sonst nicht unterworfen sindj
(e) Alle Personen, die unter dem Urteilsspruch eines
Kriegsgerichtee stehen:
(f) Alle in das Regular Army Soldiers1 Home (Soldatenheim
fuer Soldaten des stehenden Heeres), Washington, District or
Columbia, aufgenommenen Personen.
Artike1 29. Bekanntgabe des Urteilsspruche*. Wenn ein Kriegsgericht den
Angeklagten mit Bezug auf alle Anklagen und Aaklagepunkte
freigesprochen hat, soil dasselbe seine Kntscheidung unverzueglich
in oeffentlicher Gerichtssitzung bekanntgeben* In anderen Faellen

koennen die fuer erwiesen erachteten Tat sac hen und die verhaengte
Strafe auf diese Weise bekanntgegeben werden aowe it diesbesuegliche
vom Praesidenten der Vereinigten Staaten erlassene Verfuegungen es
ge8tatten.
Artike1 56. Gefaelschte Appellmeldung. Ein Offizier, der wissentlich eine

mit Bezug auf Personen oder Tiere gefaelschte Appellmeldung macht;
oder eine Musterrolle unterzeichnet oder das Unterzeichnen derselben
gestattet oder veranlasst, obgleich ihm bekannt ist, dass dieselbe
auf einer gefaelschten Appellmeldung beruht oder falsche Angaben
enthaelt betreffs Abwesenheit oder Bezahlung eines Offiziers oder
Soldaten; oder unrechtmaessig eine Bezahlung oder irgendwelche
andere Verguetung annimmt fuer die Musterung eines Regimentes,
-S­

einer Kompanie oder irgendwelcher anderen Einheit, oder fuer das
Unterzeichnen einer Musterroll©; oder wissentlich im Widerspruch
mit den Tatsachen einer Person als Offizier oder Soldaten mustert,
wird aus dem Dienst entlassen und kann ausserdem mit einer nach
Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden weiteren Strafe belegt
werden.
Artikel 57, Gefaelschte Ste,erkemeldung« - Unterlasaen der Staerkemeldung»

Kin Offizier, dem die Verpflichtung obliegt, an das Kriegsministerium
(War Department) oder irgendwelche andere Vorgesetzte eine
St a eric e r n e 1 dung einzureichen betreffend den Zustand der unter
seinem Befehl stehenden Truppen, oder deren Bewaffnung,
Munitionsvorraete, Bekleidungsversorgung* Kassenbestaende, oder
anderes Eigentum, und wissentlich ueber dieselben eine falsehe
Meldung macht, wird aus dem Dienst entlassen und kann ausserdem
mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden weiteren
Strafe belegt werden. Ein Offizier, der durch Fahrlaessigkeit
oder mit Vorbedacht eine solche Meldung zu machen unterlaesst,
wird mit der nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts beguehrenden Strafe
belegt*
Artikel 59. Zur Fahnenfluoht raten oder dazu behilflich sein, Eine der

Militaergerichtsbarkeit .unterstellte Person, die einem anderen
raet, aus dem Dienst der Vereinigten Staaten zu desertieren, oder
lhn dazu auffordert oder ihm wissentlich dazu behilflich ist8 wird,
wenn die Straftat zur Zeit eine8 Kriegszuetandee begangen wurde, mit
dem Tode bestraft oder mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts
gebuehrenden anderen Strafe belegt, Wenn die vorbezeichnete

Straftat zu irgendeiner anderen Zeit begangen wurde, i6t Todesstrafe
fuer dieselbe nicht statthaft und es ist dann auf eine nach Ermessen
des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrende andere Strafe zu erkennen.

Artikel 60* Aufnahma eines Fahnenfluechtigen*

Bin Befehlshaber, der glaubhafte

Kenntnis erhaelt, dass sioh bei eeinem Truppenteil ein
Fahnenfluechtiger aus dem Heere, der Kriegsmarine oder der Marine—
Infanterie der Vereinigten Staaten befindet, und demselben
daselbst Aufenthalt ge-waehrt, ohne an den eigenen Vorgesetzten
oder den Befehlshaber des Truppenteiles, zu welchem der
Fahnenfluechtige gehoert, davon Bericht zu erstatten, wird mit
der nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt,
Artikel 61. Eigenmaechtige Entfernung oder Ueberschreitung des Urlaubs. Eine
der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person, die es unterlaesst,
sich zur festgesetzten Zeit an ihrem rechtmaessig bestiramten
Dienstort einzufinden, oder denselben ohne vorschriftsmaessig
erhaltenen Urlaub verlaesst, oder sich ohne vorschriftsmaessig
erhaltenen Urlaub von ihrem Truppenteil, Wachtposten, Quartier,
Etandort oder Lager entfernt, wird mit der nach Brmessen des
Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt,
Artikel 62. Beleidigung der anrtlichen Wuerde der oef fentlichen Vertreter der

Regierung; Praesident, Vize-Praesident, Kongress, Kriegsminister
(Secretary of War); Gouverneupe und Gesetzgebende Koerper der
Einzelstaaten. Ein Offizier, der sich in geringschaetzigen oder

unehrerbietigen Aeusserun&en ergeht mit Bezug auf die oeffentlichen
Vertreter der Begierung (Praesident, Vize-Praesident, Kongress,
Kriegsminister ("Secretary of War); oder Gouverneur und die
gesetzgebenden Koerper des Einzelstaates, Territorialgebietes
oder anderen Gebietes der Vereinigten Staaten, in dem der betreffende
Offizier zur Zeit sein Quartier hat), irird aus dem Dienst entlassen
oder mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden
anderen Strafe belegt. Irgendeine andere der Militaergerichtsbarkeit

unterstellte Person, die sich des genannten Verstosses schuldig

macht, wird mit der each Ermessen des Kriegggerichts gebuehranden
Strafe belegt,
Artikel 63, Respektwidriges Betragen geffin Qi&Qa Vorgesetzten von Offiziersrang»
Respektwidfiges Betragen seitens einer der Militaegerichtsbarkeit
unterstellten Person gegen einen Vorgesetzten von Offiziersrang
(Offizier) wird mit der nach Ernessen des Eriegsgerichts gebuehrenden
Strafe belegt.
Artikel 64,, Taetliche Beleidigimg eines Vorgesetaten von Qffiziererang* -
Yorsaetzliche (xehorsamBverweigerung« Bine der Militaergerichts­

barkeit unterstellte Person, die einen in der Ausfuehrung von
Dienstpflichten begriffenen Vorgesetzten von vollem Offiziers­ rang (Offizier) unter irgendwelchem Vorwand koerperlich misehandelt
oder ihn mit einer Waffe bedroht, oder Ge-roalt gegen ihn anwendet,
oder Ausfuelmning eines von demselben rechtmaessig erteilten Befehls
vorsaetzlich verweigert, wird mit dem Tbde bestraft oder mit einer
nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe belegt.
Artikel 65-, Widersetzlichkeit gegen einen Unteroffizier» Ein Soldat, der

einen in der Ausuebung von Dienstpflichten begriffenen Feld­ webelleutnant, Unteroffizier oder Obergefreiten koerperlich
misshandelt oder zu misshandeln versucht oder mit einer
Koerperverletzung bedroht, oder Ausfuehrung eines von demselben
rechtmaessig erteilten Befehles vorsaetzlich verweigert, oder
gegen Qinen der vorgenannten Feldwebelleutnants, Unteroffiziere
oder Obergafreiten unter den genannten Umstaenden drohende oder
beleidigende Aeusserungen macht oder sich widersetzlich oder

-6­

respektwidrig gegen denselben beniramt, wlrd mit der nach Frmessen
des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt.
Artikel 66, Meuterei und Aufruhr. Eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte
Person, die unter den Heerestruppen (Korapanie, Trupp, Standort,
Lager, Abteilung, Wachkommando oder irgendwelches andere Konmando)
eine Meuterei oder einen Aufruhr hervorzurufen versucht oder eine
Meuterei oder einen Aufruhr anfaengt, anstiftet oder anderweitig
verursacht oder daran teilnismrt* wird mit dem Tode bestraft oder
mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen
Strafe belegt*
Artikel 67, Strafbare Versaeuinnis, Meuterei oder Aufruhr zu unterdruecken.
Ein Offizier oder Soldat, der bei einer Meuterei oder einem
Aufruhr gegezrwaertig ist und nicht nach bestem Koennen versucht,
die Meuterei oder den Aufruhr zu unterdruecken; oder glaubhafte
Kenntnis besitzt oder Ursache hat anzunehmen, dass eine Meuterei oder
ein Aufruhr stattfinden wird, und nicht unverzueglich dem befehls­ habenden Offizier davon Mitteilung macht, wird mit dem Tode
bestraft oder mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden
anderen Strafe belegt*
Artikel 68. Unterdrueckung von pereoenlichem Streit, Schlaegereien, und anderen
Ruheatoerungen. Alle Offiziere, Mitglieder des Verbandes der
Heereskrankenpflegerinnen, Feldwebelleutnants, Heeresbuerogehilfen,
Intendantur-Buerogehilfen, Unteroffiziere und Obergefreiten sind
ermaechtigt, irgendwelche persoenlichen Streitigkeiten zu schlichten

-7­

und Schlaegereien oder andere ifahestoerungen, an denen

irgendwelche

der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Personen beteiligt sind,
zu unterdruecken, und haben zu diesern Zweck das Recht, beteiligte
Offiziere zum Arrest zu befehlen und andere der Militaergerichtsbarkeit
unterstellte Personen den Umstaenden gemaess zum Arrest oder zur
Haft zu befehlen, bis die zustaendigen hoeheren Vorgesetzten benach­ richtigt sind; und wer sich weigert, dem rechtmaessigen Befehl
einer in diesem Sinne ermaechtigten Person (Offizier, Mitglied
des Verbandes der Heereskrankenpflegerinnen, Militaerkapellmeister^
Feldwebelleutnant, HaereBbuerogehilfe, Intendantur-Buerogehilfe,
Unteroffizier, Obergefr«iter) Gehorsam zu leisten, oder gegen
dieselbe Drohungen aeussert oder gegen dieselbe mit oder ohne
Qrebrauch einerftaffeGewalt anwendet oder anzuwenden droht, wird
mit der nach irmessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt.
Artikel 69. Arrest oder Haft, Jede nach den Bestimmungen der Kriegsartikel

eines Verbrechens od«r Vergehens beschuldigte, der Militaerge­ richtsbarkeit unterstellte Person wird den Umstaenden gemaess
entweder zum Arrest befohlen oder in Haft genommen. Wenn jedoch
die betreffende Person nur einer leichten Uebertretung beschuldigt
itt, wird Inhaftnahme nur unter besonderen Umstaenden anzuordnen
sein. Eine nach den Bestimmungen dieses Artikels zum Arrest

befohlene Person ist durch den diesbezueglichen Befehl in der
Bewegungsfreih9it auf die betreffende Kaserne oder das betreffende
Quartier oder Zelt beschraenkt, wenn nicht auf Grund einer
rechtmaessig erteilten Sonderbestimmung groessere Bewegungsfrei­ heit gestattet wird. Ein Offizier oder Kadett, der Arrestbruch

begeht oder aus der Heft entweicht, gleichviel ob vor oder nach

-8­

Kriegsgerichtsverhandlung und Urteilsspruch, ehe er auf Grund
eines rechtmaessigen Befehles in Freiheit gesetzt ist, wird
aus dem Dienst entlassen Oder mit einer nach Ermessen des
Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderan Strafe belegt; und wenn
irgendeina andero, der Militaergeriohtsbarkeit unterstellte Person
aus der Haft entweicht oder Arrestbruch begeht, gleichviel ob
vor oder nach Kriegsgerichtsverhandlung und Urteilsspruch, ohne
auf Grund eines rechtmaessiegen Befehles in Freiheit gesetzt zu
sein, wird auf die nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrende
Strafe erkannt.
Artikel 70. Anklage und Einleitung des Verfahrens. Alle Anklageschriften
und Anklagepunkte nruessen von einer der Kriegsgerichtsbarkeit
unterstellten Person unterzeichnet sein, unter dem Bid, dass der
Unterzeichnete persoenlich glaubhafte Kenntnis besitzt von dem in
der Anklageschrift angefuehrten Tatbestand oder denselben selbst
untersucht hat, und dass nach seinem besten Wissen die Anklageschrift
den wahren Sachverhalt wi^dergibt,
Keine Anklageschrift darf ohne vorhergehende gruendliche und
vorurteilsfreie Untersuchung an ein Oberkriegsgericht eingereicht
•werden. Diese Untersuchung umfasst Pruefung des in der Anklageschrift
angegebenen Sachverhalts und der Formgerechtheit der Anklage, sowie
Ausarbeitung eines Gutachtens bezueglich der unter den gegebenen
Umstaenden im Interesse der Gerechtigkeit und guten Mannszucht zu
treffenden Massregeln. Im Laufe dieser Untersuchung ist dem

Beschuldigten voile Gelegenheit zu gefren zu einem Kreuzverhoer
der gegen ihn zu vernehmenden Zeugen, wenn und sonreit deren
Gegenwart ermoeglicht werden kann, und zur Geltendmachung der zu
.-9 ­

seinen Gunsten eprechenden Tatsachen, zu seiner Verteidigung oder
zwecks Milderung der Strafe; und der die Untersuchung fuehrende
Offizier hat alie vom Angeklagten verlangten Zeugen zu verhoeren,
soweit deren Gegenwart enaoeglicht -warden kann. Jede auf Grund
solcher Unter8uchung an die vorgesetzte Bechoerde weitergereichte
Anklageschrift muss von einer kurzen Zusammenfassung der beiderseitigen
Zeugenaussagen begleitet sein.
Die das Oberkriegsgericht berufende Behoerde wird keine
Anklageschrift an das Oberkriegsgericht weitergeben ohne vorherige
Pruefung durch den mit Anklagesachen betrauten Kriegsgerichtsrat
des eigenen Stabes*
Nachdem eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unt©retellto Person
zum Arrest be fo hi en oder in Haft genoramen ist, hat die rer&ntnortliche
Behoerde sofort alles Noetig© su reranlaasen, um die betreffend*
Person vor Gericht zu bringen, wenn nicht von einer Anklage abzusehen
und der Beschuldigte in Freiheit zu setzen iit* Ein Offizier, der

fuer unnoetige Verzoegerung im Ermittiungsvorfahren oder der
endgueltigen Krledigung eines Straffalles rerantwortlich ist, wird
mit der nach Ermesien des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe
belegt. Wenn der Angeklagte zur Disposition eines Oberkriegsgerichts
gehalten wird, ist der befehlshabende Offizier verpflichtet, sofern
die Umstaende es gestatten, innerhalb acht Tagen, nachdem derselbe
zum Arrest befohlen oder in Haft genommen wurde, die Anklageschrift
an den mit Oberkriegsgerichts-Jurisdiktion betrauten Offizier
weiterzubefoerdern und dem Angeklagten eine Abschrift derselben
zuzustellen. Falls dies nicht moeglich ist, hat der betreffende

Offizier an seinen eigenen Vorgesetzten ueber die Ursaohe der
-10­

Verzoegerung Bericht zu erstatten.

Der Vertreter der Anklage hat dem

Angeklagten eine Abschrift der den Gegenatand der Hauptverhandlung
bildenden Antfageschrift zustellen zu las sen; Nicht-Zustellung dieser
Abschrift iat als genuegender Grund fuer Aufschub des Termins zu
erachten, wofern nicht das oberkriegsgeriohtliche Verfahren gegruendet
ist auf die dem Angeklagten gemaess den obigen Bestimmungen bereits
zugestellte Anklagesohrift. In Friedenszeit darf kein Straffall

gegen den Willen des Beschuldigten vor Ablauf der ersten fuenf
Tage nach 2ustellung der Anklage echr ift an den Beschuldigten

•or einem Oberkriegsgericht zur Verhandlung gebracht werden,
Artikel 72• Bericht betreffend uebernommene Gefangene* Der Befehlahaber der

Wache, dem ein Gefangener zur Obhut uebergeben wird, hat inner ha lb
vierundz-wanzig Stunden nach Uebernahme der Verantwortung fuer
denselben, oder sobald er von seinem VTachdienst abgeloest ist# an
seinen Vorgesetzten schriftlich Bericht zu erstatten betreffend
den Namen des Gefangenen, die strafbare Handlung, deren derselbe
beschuldigt ist, und den Namen des Offiziers, von dem der Gefangene
zur Obhut eingeliefert wurdej und ein Befehlshaber, der es vereaeumt,
diesen Bericht zu erstatten, wird mit einer nach Ermessen des
Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt,
Artikel 73. Unbefugte Freilassung eines Gefangenen. £ine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit

unterstellte Person, die einen rechtniaessig anvertrauten Gefangenen
ohne rechtmaessige Befugnis freigibt oder vorsaetzlich oder durch
Fahrlaessigiceit denselben entweichen laeset, wird mit der nach
Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt.
Artikel 74. Auslieferung eines Rechtsbrechers an die Zivilbehoerden. In Faellen

wo eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person (wofern
nicht dieselbe zur Zeit im militaerischen Gewahrsam einer
-11­

kriegsgerichtlichen Gestellung oder einem kriegsgerichtlichen
Verfahren oder dem Abschluss eines solchen entgegenaieht, oder
wegen einer unter die Bestimmungen der Kriegsartikel fallenden
Straftat unter dem Urteilsspruch eines Kriegsgeriohtes ateht) eines
innerhalb der geographischen Grenzen der Staaten der Union oder
des District of Columbia begaugenen und nach den allgemeinen
Gesetzen des Landes strafbaren Verbrechens, Vergehens, oder anderen
Yerstosses beschuldigt ist, hat der betreffende militaerische
Befehlshaber die Pflicht — ausgenoimnen zur Zeit eines Kriegszustandes ­

auf rechtmaessiges Ansuchen seitene der Zivilbehoerde wenn irgend
moeglich den Beschuldigten in den Gewahrsam der Zivilbehoerden
auszuliefern, oder Boweit es in seinen Kraeften steht den
Justizbeamten und der Polizei zwecks Festnahme und Inhafthaltung des
Beschuldigten Hilfe zu leisten, so dass derselbe in gabuehrender
Weise vor Gericht gebracht werden kann. Ein Befehlshaber, der
sich weigert oder absichtlich versaeumt — eines Kriegszustandes — ausgenonmen sur Zeit

unter den genannten Umstaenden den

Beschuldigten an die Zivilbehoerden auszuliefern oder den Justizbeamten
und der Polizei zwecks Festnahme und Inhafthaltung desselben
behilflich zu eein, wird aus dem Dienst entlassen oder mit einer
nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe belegt.
V/enn naoh den Bestismungen dieses Artikels eine, eine von einem
Kriegsgericht verhaengte Strafe verbuessende Person an die
Zivilbehoerden ausgeliefert wird, so ist, wenn eine Verurteilung
folgt, gegebenenfalls die auf diese Weise verwandte Zeit als
Unterbrechung der von dem Kriegsgericht zuerkannten Straf« zu
betrachten, und der Beschuldigte ist zweeka Yollendung dieser
-12­

Strafe in den Gewahrsam der militaerischen Behoerden zurueck­ zuliefern, nachdem er sich den Zivilbehoerden gegenueber fuer die
weitere Straftat verantwortet hat,
Artikel 76. Untergebene, die ihren Befehlshaber zur Uebergabe zwingen* Eine
der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person, die den
Befehlshaber irgendeines Standortes (Garnison, Fort, Po3ten, Lager,
Wachkommando oder irgendwelches andere Kommando) dazu zwingt,
oder zu zwingen versucht, denselben dem Feinde zu uebergeben oder
anderweitig aufzugeben, wird mit dem Tode bestraft oder mit einer
nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe
belegt.
Artikel 77. Missbrauch der Parole* Eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte

Person, die eine Parole oder ein Erkennungswort an irgendwelche
Person weitergibt, die nach Kriegsgebrauch und gemaees den Regeln
der Kriegsdisziplin nicht zu solcher Kenntnis berechtigt ist,
oder eine erapfangene Parole oder Erkennungswort unter Veraenderung
des Wortlauts wsitergibt, wird, wenn die Straftat zur Zeit eines
Kriegszustandes begangen wurde, mit dem Tode bestraft oder mit
einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe
belegt.
Artikel 78. Erbrechen eines Sioherungsbehaeltnisses. Eine der Militaergerichtsbar­ keit unterstellte Person, die zur Zeit eines Kriegszustandes
vorsaetzlich unter Anwendung von Gewalt ein Sicherungsbehaeltnis
erbricht, wird mit dem Tode bestraft oder mit einer nach Ermessen
des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe belegt*
Artikel 79• Sicherung des Beutegutes fuer Zwecke des oeffentliohen Dienstes,
Jegliches vom Feinde erbeutete oeffentliche Besitztum ist Eigentum
der Vereinigten Staaten und ist im Interesse des Dienstes der
•15­

Vereinigten Staaten in Sicherheit zu bringen; und eine der
J^ilitaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person, die es versaeumt,
derartiges Besitztum in Sicherheit zu bringen, oder unrechtinaessiger
Zueignung solchen Besitztums schuldig befunden ist, wird mit der
nach Erme8sen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt.
Artikel 80. Der Handel mit erbeutetem oder zurueckgelassenem Besitztum. Eine

der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person, die erbeutetes
oder z'urueckgelassenes Besitztum kauft, verkauft, eintauscht, oder
auf irgendwelche T f t e i s e damit Handel treibt oder unrechtmaassig
darueber verfuegt, und daraus irgendwelchen Gewinn, Nutzen oder
Vorteil zieht oder erhofft, fuer sich selbst oder fuer irgendivelche
mittelbar oder unmittelbar mit ihr in Verbindung stehende andere
Person oder Personen, oder es versaeumt, wenn dergleichen Gut in
ihren Besitz, ihre Obhut oder unter ihre Kontrolle gelangt, die
zustaendige Behoerde unverzueglich davon zu benachrichtigen, und
derselben dasselbe auszuliefern, ist, v f e n n schuldig befunden, mit
einer Geldstrafe oder einer Freiheitsstrafe zu belegen, oder mit
einer nach Ermessen eines Kriegsgericnts oder einer militaerisehen
Kommission oder einer anderen militr.erischen Instanz gebuehrenden
anderen Strafe, Diese Strafen sind allein und nebeneinander

zulaessig*
Artikel 82. Spionage. Irgendeine Person, die zur Zeit eines Kriegezustandes

bei oder in der Naehe von Truppen (in der Naehe von einem BefesJ
igungswerk, Posten, Quartier oder Lager) irgendeiner der Armeer
der Vereinigten Staaten, oder irgendvio anders, heimlich lauernd
oder spionierend vorgefunden wird, ist vor ein Oberkriegsgericht
oder eine militaerische Koumiss ion zu bringen und, wenn schuldig
erkannt, mit dem Tode zu beetrafen.
Artikel 83. Vorsaetzliche oder fahrlaessige Preisgabe, Beachaedigung oder
unrechtmae8sige Verfuegung ueber Heereseigentunu Eine der

Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person, die vorsaetzlich
oder durch Fahrlaessigkeit Preisgabe, Unbrauchbarwerden oder
Beschaedigung von irgendwelchem Heereseigentum der Vereinigten
Staaten oder unrechtmaessige Verfuegung darueber zu verhindern
versaeumt, bat den Verlust oder Schaden zu ersetzen und ist ausserdem
mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe zu
belegen*
Artikel 84. Preit *be oder Beschaedigung von Dienstgegenstaenden» Ein Soldat,

der vorsaetzlich oder durch Fahrlaessigkeit ein Pferd, Waff en,
Munition, Ausruestungsgegenstaende, Geraet, Teile der Kleidungs­ aus8tattling oder irgendwelches andere an Soldaten zum Dienstgebrauch
ausgegenbene Heereseigentum der Vereinigten Staaten preisgibt oder
zu Schaden bringt, oder verkauft oder unrechtmaessig darueber
verfuegt, wird mit der nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden
Strafe belegt.

-15­

Artikel 85.

Trunkenheit im Dienst. Ein bei Ausfcebung seiner dienstlichen
Pflichten betrunken vorgefundener Offizier wird, wenn die
strafbare Handlung zur Zeit eines Kriegszustandes begangen wurde,
aus dera Dienst entlassen und ist ausserdem mit einer nach Ermessen
des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe zu belegen; und
wenn die strafbare Handlung in Friedenszeit begangen wurde, ist
derselbe mit der nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden
Strafe zu belegen. Irgendeine andere der Militaergerichtsbarkeit

unterstellte Person (Nicht-Offizier), die bei Ausuebung dienstlicher
Pflichten betrunken vorgefunden wird, ist mit der nach Ermessen
des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe zu belegen.
Artikel 86. TJnsoldatische Haltung eines Wachpostens. Ein Soldat, der beim
Wachdienst betrunken oder schlafend an seinem Posten vorgefunden
wird oder denselben ohne vorschriftsmaessige Abloesung verlaesst,
wird, wenn der Verstoss zur Zeit eines Kriegszustandes begangen
wurdtv, mit dem Tode bestraft oder mit einer nach Ermessen des
Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe belegt. Wenn der
Verstoss in Friedenszeit begangen wurde, ist die Todesstrafe
nicht statthaft und es ist auf eons nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts
gebuehrende andere Strafe zu erkennen.
Artikel 87. Persoenlicher Vorteil aus dem Verkauf von Lebensmitteln. Wenn
der Befehlshaber irgendeines Standortes, wo Truppen der Vereinigten
Staaten ihren Dienst ausueben (Garnison, Fort, Kaserne, Lager u.s.w.),
den Terkauf der an den vorbezeichneten Standort (Garnison, Fort,
Kaserne, Lager und so weiter) gebrachten Lebens- und Genussmittel
oder anderen Lebensbeduerfnisse im eigenen Interesse mit einer
Gebuehr oder irgendeiner anderen Abgabe belegt oder auf irgendwelche
-16.

andere vfeise daraue Vorteil zieht, BO ist derselbe aus dera Dienst zu
entlassen und ausserdem mit einer nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts
gebuehrenden anderen Strafe zu belegen.
Artikel 88. Einschuechterung von Personen, die den Truppen Iiebensmittel
zufuehren. Kine der iwilitaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person,
die durch Beschimpfung, Einschuechterung, Misshandlung oder auf

irgendwelche andere Weise, widerrechtlich irgendjemand beim
Transport von Lebensmitteln oder anderen Vorraeten und Lebensbeduerf­ nissen nach einem Standort (Lager, Garnison, oder Quartier), no
Truppen der Vereinigten Staaten sich aufhalten, behindert, wird mit
der nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe belegt.
Artikel 89. Aufrechterhaltung der militaerischen Mannszuoht und Abhilfe gegen
erlittenes Unrecht. Alle der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellten
Personen haben sich an ihrem Standort (Quartier, Garnison, Lager)
und auf dem Marsch jederzeit disziplingemaess zu betragen; und
eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person, die irgendwelches
Sigentum unnuetz verbraucht oder verdirbt, oder ohne diesbezueglichen
Befehl eines militaerischen Vorgesetzten vernichtet, oder sich eines
Raubes oder irgendeiner aufruehrerischen Handlung schuldig macht,
wird mit der nach Ermessen des Kriegagerichts gebuehrenden Strafe
belegt. Ein Befehlshaber, der angesichts einer ihm dargebrachten

ausfuehrlichen Beschwerde sich weigert oder es versaeumt, der
geschaedigten Person Schadenersatz zu verschaffen insoweit die dera
Schuldigen zustehende Bezahlung dafuer ausreicht (siehe Kriegsartikel,
Artikel 105), wird aus dem Dienst entlassen oder mit einer nach
Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden anderen Strafe belegt.

-17­

Artikel 90.

Aufreizende Aeusserungen oder Gebaerden.

£s ist alien der

rJilitaerrerichtsbarkeit unterstellten Personen uritersagt, sich
gegeneinander in aufreizenden Aeusserungen oder Gebaerden zu
ergehen; und wenn eine der liilitaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte
Person sich einer Verletzung der Bestimmungen dieses Artikels
schuldig rnacht, wird eine nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts
gebuehrende Strafe verhaengt.
Artiicel 91, Teilnahme an einem Duell. £ine der iailitaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte

Person, die in einem Zweikampf mit toedlichen «/affen selbst kaempft,
demselben Vorschub leistet, in irgendwelcher Yfeise daran beteiligt
ist oder denselben durch Stillschweigen beguenstigt, oder auf
glaubhafte Ksnntnis, dass eine Forderung uebermittelt ivurde oder
beabsichtigt ist, es unterlaesst, der zustaendigen Behoerde
unverzueglich davon iviitteilung zu machen, wird, wenn der Schuldige
ein Offizier ist, aus dem Dienst entlassen oder mit einer nach
Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrendea anderen Strafe belegt. Wenn

irgendeine andere der liilitaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person
einer Verletsung der Bestimmungen dieses Artikels schuldig befunden
wird, ist auf die nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrende
Strafe zu erkennen,
Artikel 92. Mord. — Notzucht. Wenn eine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte

Person Mord oder Notzucht begeht, ist je nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts
auf die Todesstrafe oder auf lebenslanges Zuchthaus zu erkennenj es
darf jedoch niemand wegen eines in Friedenszeit innerhalb der
geographischen Grenzen der Staaten der Union oder des District of
Columbia begangenen Mordes oder wegen innerhalb der genannten
Grenzen in Friedenszeit begangener Notzucht vor ein Kriegsgericht
-18­

gebracht werden.
Artikel 95. Andere Verbrechen. Wird eira der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte Person
einer der nachstehend bezeichneten Straftaten schuldig befunden,
so ist auf die nach Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrende Strafe
zu erkennen: Totschlag, fahrlaessige Toetung, vorsaetzliche

Koerperverstuemmelung, Brandstiftung, Einbruchsdiebstahl, Einbruch,
Raubdiebstahl, einfacher Diebstahl, Unterschlagung, Meineid,
Dokuraentenfaelschung, widernatuerliche Unzucht, (Sodomie), taetlicher
Angriff mit Absicht eine verbrecherische Handlung zu begehen, taetlicher
Angriff mit Gebrauch eines gefaehrlichen Gegenstandes in der Absicht
eine Koerperverletzung beizubringen, taetlicher Angriff in der
Absicht eine Koerperverletzung beizubringen.
Artikel 94. Betruegerische Handlungen gegen das oeffentliche Eigentum der
Yereinigten Staaten. t)ine der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellte
Person, die einen Zahlungsanspruch an die Regierung der Vereinigten
Staaten oder einen Vertreter derselben (in dessen amtlicher
Bigenschaft) stellt oder veranlasst, in der Kenntnis, dass der
betreffende Anspruch unrechtinaessig ist oder auf betruegerischer
G-rundlage beruhtj
Oder an irgendwelche Person des Zivil- oder Militaerdienstes
zwecks Bewilligung oder Zahlung einen Zahlungsanspruch an die
Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten x>der einen amtlichen Vertreter
derselben (in dessen amtlicher Eigenschaft) einreicht oder eine
andere Person dazu veranlasst, in der Kenntnis, dass der betreffende
Anspruch unrechtinaessig ist oder auf betruegerischer Grundlage
beruht;
Oder sich auf irgendwelche Vereinbarung oder Verabredung
einlaesst mit der Absicht, auf betruegerische Weise von der
Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten Bewilligung oder Zahlung einea
-19­

unrechtmaessigen Oder auf betruegerischer Grundlage beruhenden
Anspruchs zu erlangen oder einem anderen dazu zu verhelfenj
Oder, mit der Absicht, Bewilligung oder Zahlung eines Anspruchs
auf die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten oder einen amtlichen
Vertreter derselben (in dessen amtlicher Eigenschaft) zu erlangen
oder einem anderen dazu zu verhelfen, irgendein Schriftstueck oder
anderes Dokument ausfertigt oder sich verschafft oder davon
Gebrauch macht, oder jemand anders veranlasst, von solchera
Schriftstueck oder anderen Dokument Gebrauch zu machen, in der
Kenntnis, dass dasselbe eine falsche oder betruegerische Aussage
enthaeltj
Oder, mit der Absicht, Bewilligung oder Zahlung eines Anspruchs
auf die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten oder einen amtlichen
Vertreter derselben (in dessen amtlicher Eigenschaft) zu erlangen
oder einem anderen dazu zu verhelfen, eine falsche eidliche oder
eidesstattliche Erklaerung abgibt oder jemand anders dazu veranlasst,
eine falsche eidliche oder eidesstattliche Erklaerung abzugeben;
Oder, mit der Absicht, Bewilligung oder Zahlung eines Anspruchs
auf die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten oder einen amtlichen
Vertreter derselben (in dessen amtlicher Eigenschaft) zu erlangen
oder einem anderen dazu zu verhelfen, irgendvrelche Unterschrift in
einem Schriftstueck oder anderen Dokument faelscht, verfaelscht
oder nachahmt, oder jemand anders zu solcher Faelschung, Verfaelschung,
oder Nachahmung veranlasst oder ihm dazu raet, oder von einer
solchen Unterschrift selbst Gebrauch macht oder Gebrauchmachung
derselben veranlasst oder dazuzaet, in der Kenntnis, dass dieselbe
gefaelscht, verfaelscht oder nachgeahmt ist;
-20­

Oder, unter Umstaenden, wo derselben irgendwelcher Kassenbestand
Oder anderes fuer den Heeresgebrauch geliefertes oder bestimmtes
Eigentum der Vereinigten Staaten zwecks Verwaltung, Obhut oder Aufsicht
anvertraut ist, wissentlich an eine vorschriftsraaessig erraaechtigte
Person einen Betrag ausliefert oder ausliefern laesst, der geringer
ist, als die dafuer ausgestellte amtliche Bescheinigung oder Quittung;
Oder, unter Umstaenden, wo dieselbe ermaechtigt ist, irgendein
Schriftstueck auszufertigen oder auszuliefern als Empfangsbestaet­ igung fuer irgendwelche Geldsumme oder anderes fuer den Heeresgebrauch
geliefertes oder bestimmtes Eigentum der Vereinigten Staaten, eine
60lche Bestaetigung ausfertigt oder an irgendjemand ausliefert, ohne
voile Kenntnis bezueglich der hahrheit der darin enthaltenen
Erklaerungen und mit betruegerischer Absicht zur Schaedigung des
oeffentlichen Eigentums der Vereinigten Staaten;
Oder irgendwelche Vaffen, Munition, Ausruestungsgegenstaende
oder andere Feldzeugbestaende, oder Bekleidungsgegenstaende,
Lebensmittel, Geld oder irgendwelches andere fuer den Heeresgebrauch
gelieferte oder bestimnite Eigentum der Vereinigten Staaten stiehlt,
unterschlaegt, sich wissentlich und vorsaetzlich zum eigenen
Gebrauch oder im eigenen Interesse oder anderweitig widerrechtlich
zueignet, oder wissentlich auf unrechtmaessige Weise verkauft oder
anderweitig veraeussertj
Oder irgendwelche Yfaffen, Munition, Ausruestungsgegenstaende
oder andere Feldzeugbestaende, oder Bekleidungsgegenstaende oder
Lebens- oder Genussmittel von einem Soldaten, Offizier oder

-21­

irgendeiner anderer 'urn Heere gehoerenden oder bei derselben
angestellten Person kauft oder als Pfand fuer eine Verpflichtung
oder Schuld anniinmt, in der Kenntnis, dass der betreffende Soldat oder
Offizier oder die betreffende andere Person nicht berechtigt war,
dieses Eigentum zu verkaufen oder als Pfand zu veraeussern;
1st, wenn schuldig erkannt, mit einer Geldstrafe oder einer
Freiheitsstrafe zu belegen, oder mit irgendeiner anderen nach
Ermessen des Kriegsgerichts gebuehrenden Strafe, allein und nebeneinander zulaessig, Diese Strafen sind

Und wer sich im Laufe seines

aktiven Heeresdienstes einer der vorgenannten Strafhandlungen
schuldig macht, ISeibt nach Verabschiedung oder *Entlassung aus dem
rieeresdienst der Versinigten Staaten der Inhaftnahme und Freiheits­ beraubung z weeks '/arhandlung vor einem Kriegsgericht und Aburteilung
durch dasselbe ausgesetzt, auf dieselbe vieise und in demselben
i'iasse, als wenn er seinen Abschied oder seine .tintlassung nicht empfangen
haette. Und jeder Offizier, der schuldig ist, "waehrend seiner lienstzeit

im Heere der Yereinigten Staaten Gelder aus Ersparnissen an Lebensmittel-
Rationen, Rantinengelder, Korapanie-oder andere Fonds aehnlicher Art,
odor irgendvirelches ihm von Soldaten oder von einera Soldaten zur
Obhut anvertraute Geld oder anderes Besitztum veruntreut zu haben,
bleibt, nachdem er seinen Abschied oder seine Entlassung en^fangen
hat oder aus den Listen gestrichen ist, der Inhaftnahme und
Frsiheitsberaubung zv/eci:s Verhandlung vor einem Kriegsgericht und
Aburteilung durch dasselbe ausgesetzt, auf dieselbe ".Veise und in
demselben i^asse, als wenn. derselbe nicht verabschiedet, entlassen
oder aus den Listen gestrichen waere.

-22­

Artikel 95. Unwuerdiges Verhalten eines Offiziers>

Bin Offizier oder Kadett,

der eines Betragens schuldig befunden ist, das eines Offiziers und
Ehrenmannes nicht mierdig ist, wird aus dem militaerischen Dienst
entlassen.
Artikel 96« Allgemeine Bestimmungen. Irgendwelche in den Kriegsartikeln nicht

ausdruecklich bezeichneten ordnungsstoerenden Handlungen und
Fahrlaessigkeiten, welche die Aufrechterhaltung der militaerischen
Mannszucht gefaehrden, irgendwelches Verhalten, das geeignet ist,
deju guten Huf des militaerischen Dienstes zu schaedigen, und
irgendvrelche anderen /on einer der Militaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellten
Person begangenen Straftaten (mit Ausnahme der Kapitalverbrechen)
sind von einem Oberkriegsgericht, Kriegsgericht oder militaerischen
Standgericht abzuurteilen, je nach Art und Schuldmass der begangenen
strafbaren Handlung, und nach dem Ermessen des vorbezeichneten
Gerichts zu bestrafen.
Artikel 104. Die Disziplinargewalt des Befehlshabers. Unter#Vorbehalt aller
vom Praesidenten der Vereinigten Staaten erlassenen Verfuegungen
ist der Befehlshaber jeder Kompanie, jedes abgesonderten Koramandos
und jeder hoeheren Truppeneinheit ermaechtigt, ueber irgendvrelche
Personen seines Truppenteiles ohne Zutun eines Kriegsgerichts fuer
leichte Uebertretungen eine Disziplinarstrafe zu verhaengen,
vorausgesetzt, dass der Beschuldigte nicht auf Verhandlung vor einem
Kriegsgericht besteht.
Die unter den Bestimmungen dieses Artikels auferlegten
Disziplinarstrafen koennen, je nach den Umstaenden, die folgenden
mit einbegreifen: Vermahnung; Verweis; Versagen von Vorrechten
auf hoechstens eine Woche; Dienstverrichtungen ausser der Reihe,

-23­

auf nicht laenger als eine woche; Ausgangsbeschraenkung, auf nicht
laenger als eine Viibche; Zwangsarbeit ohne Inhafthaltung, bis auf
eine Woche, Nicht miteinbegriffen sind Inhafthaltung durch die

Wache und Soldverwirkungjdoch ist zur Zeit eines Kriegszustandes
Oder irgendeines ausserordentlichen oeffentlichen LTotstandes jeder
Befehlshaber vom .Range eines General-majors oder hoe her erraaechtigt,
einem 0ffi2ier seines Truppenteiles bis zum iiauptmann aufwaerts eine
Gehaltsverwirkung bis zur Haelfte von dessen j^onatsgehalt auf die
Dauer eines nonats aufzuerlegen. Irgendjeraand, der unter den

Bestimmungen dieses Artikels eine Strafe empfangen hat, ist berechtigt
wenn ihm die empfangene Strafe unverdient oder zu hoch Denessen
erscheint, auf dern. vorschriftsmaessigen Dienstwege bei s e m e n
naechsthoeheren militaerischen Vorgesetzten Beschwerde einzulegen,
obwohl man ihn in der Zwischenzeit dazu zv/ingen kann, sich der
zuerkannten Strafe zu unterziehen. Der Befehlshaber, von dem

die Strafe zuerkannt wurde, und dessen Nachfolger, soiirie die
Behoerde hoeherer Instanz, sind ermaechtigt, einen noch nicht

vollzogenen Teil der Strafe zu mildern oder zu erlassen,
Auferlegung/und Vollziehung einer Disziplinarstrafe fuer
irgendeinen durch eine Handlung oder Unterlassung begangenen, nach
den Bestiinmungen dieses Artikels strafbaren Verstoss schuetzt
nicht vor kriegsgerichtlicher Strafverfolgung fuer eine mit der
vorbezeichneten Handlung oder Unterlassung zusammenhaengende
weitere Straftat. Die Tatsache, dass bereits eine Disziplinarstrafe

vollzogen wurde, darf jedoch in solchem Falle bei der Verhandlung
vor dem Kriegsgericht dargelegt werden; und wenn dies geschehen

-24­

ist, muss die bereits vollzogene Strafe bei Bestimmung des
Strafmasses in Betrr.cht gezogen werden, falls der Angeklagte
vom Kriegsgericht schuldig befunden wird.
Artikel 105. Verguetung von Eigentumsschaedigungen, ' . i i e n n bei irgendeinem

Befehlshaber eine Beschwerde eingelegt wird wegen Schaedigung
oder rechtswidriger Zueignung irgendwelchen Privateigentums
seitens irgendwelcher der ./lilitaergerichtsbarkeit unterstellten
Personen, ist eine tlntersuchung der Beschwerde vorzunehmen
durch eine aus nicht mehr als drei i/'itgliedern bestehende, dem vorbezeichneten Befehlshaber berufene Kommission; und
von

dieselbe ist berechtigt, zum Zweck dieser Untersuchung Zeugen
zu berufen, zu verhoeren und von denselben eidliche oder eides­ stattliche Erkleerongen und anderes 3eweismaterial entgegenzunehmen
und den aufrecht zu erhaltenden Schadenersatzanspruch zu bestimraen.
Die iintscheidung der Kornmission ist jedoch von der Genehmigung des
Befehlshabers abhaengig; und der Betrag des von deinselben
genehraigten Schadenersatzar.spruches ist aus den faelligen Bezuegen
der fuer den Schaden verantwortlichen Personen einzubehalten. Eine

diesbezuegliche schriftliche Anweisung des Befehlshabers gBnuegt
fuer irgendeinen Kassenverwaltungsbeamten als Ermaechtigung und
Ausweis zur Zahlung der einbehaltenen Geldsummen an die geschaedigte
Person.
In Faellen, wo die Schuldigen nicht entdeckt sind aber es
bekannt ist, zu welchem Truppenteil oder abgesonderten Kommando
sie gehoeren, ist es statthaft, nach G-erechtduenken proportionierte
Summen bis zum Betrage des Schadenersatzanspruches aus den faelligen
Bezuegen irgendwelcher Mitglieder desselben einzubehalten,

-25­

vorausgesetzt, class dieselben zur Zeit, wo der in der Beschwerde
angegebene und nach Befund der Koumission erwiesene Schaden dem
Geschaedigten zugefuegt wurde, bei ihrem Truppenteil oder
Komraando anwesend waren,
Artikel 106, Inhaftnahme eines Fahnenfluechtigen durch die Zivilbehoerden.
Jeder Zivilbeamte, der nach dem allgemeinen Recht der Vereinigten
Staaten, der Jiinzel staaten, Territorien, Distrikte oder Besitzungen
der "Vereinigten Staaten die Befugnis hat, einen Zivilarrest
vorzunehmen, ist kraft dieses Artikels ermaechtigt, einen Fahnen­ fluechtigen aus dem militaerischen Dienst der Vereinigten Staaten
summarisch in Haft zu nehmen und in den Gewahrsam der militaerischen
Behoerden der Vereinigten Staaten abzuliefern.
Artikel 107, Nachholen eines verlorenen Teiles der fuer Nicht-Offizier©
festgesetzten militaerischen Dienstzeit, Ein Soldat, der im
Laufe der gesetzlich bestiramten Dienstzeit eines bestehenden
oder spaeteren militaerischen Dienstverhaeltnisses aus dem Dienst
der Vereinigten Staaten desertiert, oder sich auf laenger ala
vierunzmnzig Stunden ohne vorschriftsmae s sig erhaltenen Urlaub
von seinem Truppenteil, Kommando, Standort oder Dienst entfernt;
oder mehr als vierundzwanzig Stunden seiner Dienstzeit infolge einer
durch Verurteilung beendigten Untersuchungshaft oder durch Verurteilung
zuerkannten Strafhaft verloren hat; oder sich durch unmaessigen
Gebrauch von AlkohoJ. oder medizinischen iteiz- oder Betaeubungsmitteln
oder durch selbstverschuldete Krankheit oder Verletzung auf mehr
als vierundzwanzig Stunden dienstunfaehig gemacht hat, wird
gezwungen, nach seiner Sueckkehr zum Status der vollen
Dienstfaehigkeit die infolge der vorbezeichneten Fahnenflucht,
eigenmaechtigenfintfernung,Haft oder Dienstunfashiekeit versaeumte
-26­

Zeit nachzuholen, ?o dass die nachgeholte Zeit zusainmen mit
dem vor -iem genannten Zeitraum abgedienten Teile der Dienstzeit
dem Zeitraume gleichkonmit, den dtr betreffende Soldat vor seiner
Beurlaubung zur Reserve zu dienen verpflichtet -war.
Artikel 108. Entlassung der Nicht-Offiziere aus dem aktiven Dienst. Fuer
alle Nicht-Offiziere gilt die Bestimmung, dass keine rechtmaessig
in den militaerischen Dier.st der Vereinigten Staaten aufgenoinmene
Person endgueltig aus dem Dienst entlassen oder zur Reserve
beurlaubt werden darf ohne Zustellung der vorschriftsmaessigen
Entlassungspapiere mit Unterschrift eines Stabsoffiziers des
Regimentes oder anderen Truppenteiles, zu welchem der betreffende
Soldat gehoert, oder, falls keiner der vorbezeichneten Stabsoffiziere
anwesend ist, mit Unterschrift des Befehlshabers; und dass kein
Soldat (Nicht-Offizier) vor Ablauf der fuer das bestehende
militaerische Dienstverhaeltnis gesetzlich bestimmten aktiven
Dienstzeit endgueltig aus dem militaerischen Dienst entlassen oder
tur Reserve beurlaubt werden darf, mit Vorbehalt eines diesbezueglichen
Befehles des Praesidenten der Vereinigten Staaten, des Kriegsministers
(Secretary of "War) oder eines Bezirkskommandanten, oder eines
kriegsgerichtlichen Urteilsspruches,
Artikel 109. Der Heeregdiensteid (Fahneneid). Zur Zeit seines Eintritts in

den militaerischen Dienst der Vereinigten Staaten hat jeder Soldat
den folgenden Eid oder die entsprechende eidesstattliche Erklaerung
abzulegens
M

Ich,

> schwoere bei Gott dem Allmaechtigen und

Allwissenden (gebe hierdurch me in feierlich.es Versprechen an
Eides Statt), in meinen Denken und Handeln der Regierung der

-27­

Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika gewissenhaft Treue und voile
Ergebenheit zu erweisen, derselben treu und ehrlich zu dienen gegen
alle ihre Feinde, wer sie auch sein moegen, und alien Befehlen
des Praesidenten der Vereinigten Staaten und den Befehlen meaner
im Naraen der Behoerden der Vereinigten Staaten ernannten
Vorgesetzten vollen Gehorsam zu leisten, neon Kriegsgebrauch
und gemaess den in den Kriegsartikeln festgesetzten Bestiramungen."
Dieser Eid, oder die entsprechende eidesstattliche Erklaerung,
kann vor irgendwelchem Offizier des Heeres der Vereinigten Staaten
abgelegt werden.

26-1752­

-28­

HEADQUARTERS, ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Office of The Judge Advocate General
Washington 25, -D.C,
SFJGD SUBJECT: 19 May 1945
Claims of enemy prisoners of war and interned enemy aliens
for damage to or loss or destruction of personal property
in the custody of the Government

1; It is anticipated that claims may be filed which will come
within the provisions of paragraph 6, AR 25-25. In cases where such
appointments have not already been made, a claims officer should be
appointed in each prisoner of war camp pursuant to the provisions of
paragraph 7d, AR 25-20. It will be the duty of the claims officer,
under the supervision of the camp commander, to process claims arising
in his camp pursuant to AR 25-20, AR 25-25 and special directives from
time to time issued.
2. If it is proven that the property was delivered into the
custody of the Army and subsequently lost, the circumstances surround­ ing the loss being unexplained, there is a presumption that the loss
occurred as the result of an act or omission on the part of military
personnel. This presumption is rebuttable, e.g., by evidence that the
loss resulted from an Act of God or third parties, no acts.or omissions
of Army personnel causing or contributing to the loss.
3. The proof to establish that the property was delivered into
the custody of. the Army will be considered adequate if it consists of
at least one of the following:
a; b. c. d. A properly executed reOeipt in the possession of the
prisoner; or
An appropriate and properly executed entry on the
prisoner's personnel record card; or
Appropriate and'substantial evidence contained in the
prisoner's 201 File; or.
A preponderance of any other evidence which establishes
delivery;

4. An inquiry concerning the property of ' a prisoner of war or
a request that such property be located and returned to the owner is
not to be considered a claim. No claim can be made for impounded money
(as such money is not lost but is being held in kind for the prisoner
or war) or for property which is subject to confiscation.

5. After a complete investigation, and in addition to the other
requirements of the above regulations, and before making his report, the
claims officer should secure a certificate from a custodial officer of
the claimant's camp that the property for which claim is being made is
not at such camp. The claims officer should also direct a letter (in­ closing one copy of the claim and related file to Enemy Prisoner of War
Information Bureau, Provost Marshal General's Office, Fort George G. Meade,
Maryland) .requesting all available information concerning the property
for which claim is being made,
6. Upon being advised by the Prisoner of War Information Bureau
that the property cannot be located, the claims officer will include this
correspondence, together with the certificate of the camp custodial officer,
in the file. He will then prepare a Claims Officer's Report and forward
the entire file and report with his recommendations, all in triplicate,
direct (not through channels) to The Judge Advocate General's Office,
Washington 25, D.C., Attention: Claims Division.
7. In cases where'it'is not practicable to include original docu­ mentary evidence, or receipts in the file, photostats or certified copies
thereof should be made and used. Other than for the.purpose of preparing
copies, the prisoner should not be denied any receipt or documentary evi­ dence in his possession.
8. Claim for Damages (AR 25-20) W.D. Form No. 41, 1 April 1945,
with the last page only of W.D. J.A.G. Form No. PC-100, 30 June 1944 (or
the new form presently to supersede this form), attached thereto, should
be used in filing claims. Report of Claims Officer, AR 25-20, VJ.D. Form
No. 30> Revised (21 March 1944), should be used by the ciaims officer in
submitting his report and recommendations.
FOR TIE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL:

<J
RALPH G. 30YD Colonel, JAGD
Chief of Claims Division

ARMY SERVICE FORCES MANUAL M 8 1 1

HANDBOOK FOR WORK SUPERVISORS OF

'fi

PRISONER OF WAR
LABOR

HEADQUARTERS ARS/IY SERVICE FORCES
AGO 923B—July 657C0S0—45 1

JULY 1945

M 811

HEADQUARTERS, ARMY SERVICE FORCES
WASHINGTON 25, D. C, 13 July 1945 Army Service Forces Manual MS11, Handbook for Work Super­ visors of Prisoner of War Labor, lias been prepared under the super­ vision of The Provost Marshal General, Headquarters Army Service Forces, and is published for the information and guidance of all concerned. [SPX 300.7 (5 Jun 45)] BY COMMAND OF GENERAL

SOMERVELL

OFJFTCIAL:

EDWARD F. WITSELL Major General Acting The Adjutant General
DISTRIBUTION :

LER. LUTES Lieutenant General, GSO Chief of Staff

A A F (10); A G F (10); A S F ( 2 ) ; SvC (50); P W Cp ( 5 ) ; Branch P W Cp ( 2 ) ; Supervisors of P W Labor ( 1 ) ; Special Distribution; No oversea distribution. Refer to FM 21-6 for explanation of distribution formula.

AGO 923B

M 811

FOREWORD
Engaged in a global war, this nation has found the shortage of man­ power on the home front to be a major problem that has been most difficult of solution. The pool of several hundred thousand employable German pris­ oners of war confined in the United States is one of the answers to this problem. Properly motivated, this reservoir of available manpower can be used to advantage in those sections of the nation that have been certified as critical labor shortage areas by the War Manpower Commission. This manpower has already been used to great advantage by the Army and by private contractors. It is felt that this record can be improved if supervisors of PW labor are made familiar with certain procedures that should be followed properly to motivate (to get the best in quality and quantity of work from) these men. German prisoners of war differ, as a group, from free American labor. They also differ among themselves as individuals, as do all men. If maximum production is to be approached, these differences must be taken into account in supervising German workmen. This handbook has been prepared as an aid for those who supervise the work of prisoners of war. It will enable the work supervisor to recognize the psychological differences that exist between the thinking of the prisoner of war and free labor. It will serve to guide the actions of the work supervisor with the result that maximum utilization of German workmen will be achieved. All supervisors of prisoner of war labor are urged to make them­ selves familiar with the contents of this handbook and to accept its recommendations for practical application in order to get the best results from the use of prisoner of war labor.

in
AGO 923B

M 811

LABOR PRESENTS AMERICA TO THE
PRISONER OF WAR

The War Department is aware of the desirability of returning prisoners of war, now in our custody, to their own country after the war with a clear concept of our form of government. These prisoners will, as a group, have a strong influence in future German affairs, and their conceptions of our form of government may determine to a great extent Germany's postwar relations with the United States. The prisoner of war labor program gives the prisoners a chance to closely observe the average American citizen, the way he lives, the opportunities afforded him in the United States, and his relationships with his government and with his fellow citizens. This circumstance must be recognized clearly by all personnel dealing with prisoners of war and any factors which operate to its detriment should be avoided. Careless talk about the uncertainty of the future, our racial problems, our national leaders both civil and military, our relations with the rest of the Allied Nations and even the mild complaining most of us do naturally, does have an undesirable effect on the opinions the pris­ oners hold with regard to American life and ideas. The Nazi system teaches its adherents to be constantly on the alert for weak points in the thoughts and behavior of the people of other nations, and to take advantage of those presented. All American personnel con­ nected with the prisoner of war labor program should, therefore, be acquainted with the fact that they represent the United States to the prisoners of war.

&.GO 923B

811

You are the work supervisor of prisoner of war labor. Your primary mission is to get maximum production from this labor pool and to obtain this production by methods that are per­ mitted by the terms of the Geneva Convention. You will find it unwise and at times impossible to use all of the supervisory techniques you may have used to advantage in supervising the work of free American labor. Some of the practices are forbidden by international agreement and others will be found to be ineffective once the relationship that must exist between you and the prisoner of war is made clear. No better way has been discovered to get maximum work out of prisoners of war than by the use of the "cask system." Therefore on every job possible the prisoner of war should be told how much work he must complete in a day. In order to determine what constitutes good worlc supervisory prac­ tice in the handling of prisoners of war, on the job, it is essential that you make yourself familiar with the following: 1. What your responsibilities are. 2. What sort of a person the prisoner of war is. 3. How he differs from the civilian employees. 4. What actions you are permitted to take to compensate for these differences. 5. What actions you are not permitted to take under terms of in­ ternational agreement. Always remember that the German prisoners of war don't work for the United States because they like us and want to work for us. Under the Geneva Convention they can be worked by the Detaining Power and we require it and check their work.

AGO D23B

M 81X

THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE WORK
SUPERVISOR

You are charged with the responsibility of working the prisoners in the detail to the best advantage of the using agency. You are responsible for keeping the prisoners of war assigned to you fully employed and producing a day's labor each work day. You are responsible for the proper distribution of prisoners on your detail according to the work loads. It is your responsibility to see that proper and adequate sanitary facilities are provided when the detail is outside the inclosure and that they are available after being provided. You are responsible for the existence and adequacy of safety devices and their use to the same extent they would be furnished civilian workers. It is your responsibility to plan and execute the work so as to provide the maximum of safety for the prisoners. It is your responsibility to make certain that no member of the prisoner detail assigned to you is removed or allowed to leave the area under your surveillance or that of the guard unless the guard authorizes bis departure. It is your responsibility to provide adequate job instruction to the prisoners. It is your responsibility, wherever possible, to establish daily task minimums and to inform prisoners of the task they are "required" to complete. It is your responsibility to make certain that prisoners are not worked beyond the limits of the length of day's work established by the Commanding Office unless specific authority is obtained from him. It is your responsibility to be on the job when the detail arrives. It is your responsibility to enter a sworn injury report, based on personal investigation, when a prisoner is injured on a work detail. It is your responsibility to see that a sufficient amount of potable water is available to the detail assigned to you. It is your responsibility to report to the guard any evidence of stolen or concealed goods on the part of the prisoners and to cooperate with the guard in the event of escape or attempted escape.

AGO 923B

811

THE PRODUCTION RECORD OF THE PRISONER OF WAR
With your general responsibilities fixed in your mind, it is now important that you know what has been achieved by the use of prisoner of war labor. In this way you may be guided in establishing your goal. The prisoner of war's record of production is good ! The Army estimates that it saved over $80,000,000 by use of prisoner of war labor on Army installations in 1944. Prisoners of war worked 30,000,000 man days in 1044, for the Army and for private contractors. They were used in many types of activi­ ties for the Army. 3,500 prisoners of war worked in laundries, 9,000 worked on clothing and equipment, 10,000 in warehouses and quarter­ master shops, 14,000 in maintenance of buildings, utilities, grounds and roads, and 7,000 in motor maintenance and repair with an addi­ tional 12,000 working in bakeries and messes. From one border to the other, prisoners have been thrown into areas of manpower shortages (regions where the War Manpower Commis­ sion of the War Food Administration certified labor to be scarce) to perform, for private contractors, all types of work not directly con­ nected with the war effort. In the South they picked cotton, citrus and other fruits, cut sugar cane, harvested peanuts, rice, tobacco and pulpwood. In the West they harvested sugar beets, corn and grain; detasselled seed corn, picked and packed vegetables and fruits. In the East and the North they cut pulp and chemical wood, harvested and packed vegetables and fruits. Many of these crops would have been lost had it not been for prisoner of war labor. The Government was paid for their work—paid the same amount that the contractor would have paid for free civilian labor doing the same type of work. That was as it should be. Otherwise, a farmer or a manufacturer who used prisoners would have been subsidized to the detriment of his com­ petitor, who used free civilian labor. The prisoners, however, didn't receive the money. They continued to be paid the usual rate—80 cents in canteen coupons for a full day's work. The proceeds of contractor's checks passed directly into the Treasury. And over $22,000,000 has been earned for the Government in that way. These amounts of money correspondingly reduced taxes
AGO 923B

M 811 necessary to pay for the cost of maintenance of prisoners of war—a fact which you as a taxpayer should be very interested in. He has not caused sabotage. There were only two minor cases of sabotage in 1944 that were known to have been caused by prisoners of •war. All offenders were severely punished. This is the record of the men you will supervise. "With your respon­ sibilities clear and with an appreciation of what has been accomplished with these men, it is important that specific facts about the prisoner of war and actions open to you be made available to you. Such infor­ mation will be presented to you on the succeeding pages of this handbook.

A.GO 923B

657C0S"—45­

M 811

THE PRISONER OF WAR AS AN INDIVIDUAL
What you should know The German PW is a soldier. He is probably one of the best trained soldiers. Through the fortunes of war he is a prisoner of the United States. He is entitled to the same respect that is given to any man who has placed his life in jeopardy for his country. He is not a crimi­ nal. Remember, he thinks his cause is right. He followed his leaders for his national cause, good or bad. What you should do Treat him with the impersonal respect you would like to have ac­ corded our own soldiers who have been captured by the Ger­ man Army. Your conversations, with the prisoner of war must be con­ cerned only with the work upon which he is employed. You must not, under any circum­ stances discuss war, policies or current events. You must not argue with, use abusive language against (in his presence) or antagonize prison­ ers of war. You must remember he is a soldier. You must get maximum produc­ tion out of this man. If he is antagonized his produc­ tion will fall. This does not mean that he must be coddled. It means that you must be impersonal, fair and firm. Do not fraternize. Remember lie is not working for the U. S. He does not love our country but he can respect our fair and firm treatment. You should establish a minimum daily task comparable to that for inexperienced free labor for all
AGO 923B

He is not a convict. In serving his country he has done no wrong and is conscious only of having performed his duty. He does not have the conscious­ ness of guilt possessed by the convict. He will resent it if it is implied by words or actions that he is considered in the category of a criminal.

He is a good worker and will give a good day's work when required to do so.

M 811 "What you should know Prisoners of "war may be required to work 12 hours per clay not in­ cluding lunch period, and may be left out of the stockade not more than 14 consecutive hours. What you should do types of work done by prisoners of war. Inform all PWs on work details what the task is and that it will be achieved daily or the hours will be extended (up to 12 hours per day) and the daily pay will be prorated on the basis of the proportionate amount of work accomplished. It is your job to get an honest day's work out of every prisoner. Ascertain what the past experi­ ence of your prisoners of war has been. The camp commander and his files are good sources. When possible use them in the same type of work they have done, or use them in allied opera­ tions. Placement is just as important in the utilization of prisoners of war as it is in the employment of civilians. Conditions under which they must be used, frequently make it impossible to make the best placement possible but every ef­ fort should be made to a it. Be aloof! He respects leader­ ship when the gap between him­ self and his supervisor is main­ tained. Do not fraternize with him. If you do, he will regard it as a sign of weakness and he will lose re­ spect for you. Give command orders. Require compliance.

He can do an honest day's work.

Like any normal person he does best the work that he likes to do or the work that he has been ac­ customed to doing. Skilled PW mechanics do not do good work when used on cutting lawns or similar nonmechanical types of work. The Army Classification Sys­ tem (WD, AGO Form 20) has heen extended to all PWs. This form is on file at the PW in­ closure.

He believes in and will admire strong leadership.

AGO 923B

M 811 What you should hnow What you should do Be like a brick—Square and hard. Do not attempt to punish or reprimand the PW. This is a job for the Company Com­ mander. When he does good work— Keep quiet. Let them know that if you make no comment, the work performed is well done and if it isn't that they will be told about it. Examine the results of his work. Spot deficiencies and let him know that you have seen them. Report any failure to obey orders

He responds to fair treatment but he also must be given firm treatment. He looks upon coddling or frat­ ernizing as evidence of weakness and fear. He has great pride in accom­ plishment.

When possible let him identify his work. For example, it is sometimes possible to let him in­ itial or tag his work in motor pools and similar activities. This will also serve as a check for the inspection of the com­ plete job. He must be told what to do, when to do it, how to do it and how much to do! Use the principles of Job In­ structor Training when you in­ struct him. Present the opera­ tion, telling and showing him what to do. Have him perform the operation and make sure he knows how to do the job.
AGO 923B

He is accustomed to discipline and works well as a member of a group.

8

M 811 What you should Jcnow What you should do Ordinarily you should instruct him through the use of an inter­ preter. If you have to instruct him your­ self, and he does not understand English, you may have to depend more on SHOWING than on TELLING. You may find it possible to use job break-down sheets written in English and German. Unless you speak fluent German do not attempt to speak to him in German. German phrases committed to memory for purposes of instruc­ tion may be used effectively. Select instructors from among their number. Consult your PW Camp Commander before using men for instructors who are not good leaders or who exert a bad influence. He may save you trouble. If those who know English are not good instructors, use them as interpreters to pass along your instructions word-for-word to the ones who are good instructors. Have all the English speaking PWs tagged with a white arm band. Explain the use of job break­ down sheet to them. Be a good manager. Before you take a group of pris­ oners of war to a job, be sure you

His learning process is exactly the same as that of any trainee. He ridicules the use of poor Ger­ man as we are inclined to laugh at broken English.

The German prisoner of war fre­ quently is a good instructor. German industry is founded on the apprenticeship system. Ger­ mans are accustomed to good in­ struction. The PWs will not volunteer any information to the effect that any of them can speak English.

He is orderly and thorough. He has contempt for disorderly thinking and disorderly condiAGO 923B

M 811 What you should 7cnow tions. He dislikes bad manage­ ment. He thinks Americans are bad managers and attributes our pro­ duction record to our superiority in numbers and in our abundance of natural resources. He thinks Germans are superior to Americans on a man-to-man basis and will look for evidence to prove to himself that he is right. It is your job to show him he is wrong. Be a tough task master. What you should do know exactly how many you need to get the job done and exactly what you are going to do with each one. Give each one a good stiff task. He will lose respect for you if you give him a task that is too simple and will lose respect for you if you give him a task that is obvi­ ously impossible. Never keep prisoners of war sitting around waiting while you decide what you are going to do with them. Be on the job before the guard delivers the prisoners to you. Be clean and neat in appear­ ance in order to help instill respect for your supervision. Apply Job Methods Improve­ ment questioning to every job. Don't have the jobs in such condi­ tion that the prisoners will be the first to see that they are perform­ ing unnecessary operations. Work them on the quota system so that they may be given free time when their quota is met, provided this quota equals or exceeds a normal full days work for free labor. Let them use this time for exer­ cise or for their hobbies.

He will respond to these incen­ tives : Free time (bunk fatigue) oppor­ tunity for exercise and hobbies. Many, prisoners have hobbies and like extra free time to work on them. Many are fanatics on the subject of physical exercise. They want to keep physically fit. To get outside the barbed wire The extra money they get for working makes it possible for them to purchase some of the per­ sonal items they desire. (They can make special orders and pay for it from their trust fund.)

Conversely, the threat to deprive them of these privileges is a strong inducement for them to work. The Camp Commander will handle this.
AGO923B

M 811 "What you should know He wants to learn something of his former trade as practiced in this country, to keep abreast of his trade, or to learn a new trade which will be of benefit to him after the war. He is patriotic, he has made great personal sacrifices for his nation. What you should do Keep them occupied at all times, it makes the time go more quickly.

Don't make disparaging remarks about Germany or his leaders or his Army. You are entitled to your opinions, but stating them to the prisoners will do nothing but infuriate them and destroy their work desires. Prohibit your civilian employees from engaging in conversations with prisoners of war on matters that do not affect their work. The Camp Commander will fur­ nish what he knows to be an ade­ quate guard. Don't expect the guard to super­ vise and don't ask him to super­ vise the work of the prisoners. You make him work.

He does not like to be reminded of his confinement any more than any other man would. He does not do his best work un­ der a heavy guard. He does not like to work under a loaded gun. He works better under a light guard. He is an object of public atten­ tion in the United States, every­ one has ideas on how he should be treated. Public relations are very impor­ tant.

Don't coddle the PWs; not alone for the bad effect it has on the PWs' opinion of you but because it will antagonize the public. Never replace civilians with PW labor. They are to be used only when labor has been certified to be scarce or when qualified civil­ ians are not available.
11

AGO 923B

M 811 What you should hnow He is resented by many of our civilians. Some of them working with him may feel this way. He has access to our newspapers and magazines. What you should do Use common sense rather than emotion in your actions toward the PWs. Never give out information on the use of PWs. This is an Army function. In the event of any unusual in­ cident make a report to the escort guard with a duplicate to the using agency. Take no action yourself. Your contact with the prisoners should be solely that of a labor super­ visor. In an emergency you must aid the guard. You should know what his rights are and you should know what actions you are free to take. You need not be concerned whether or not the work the PWs are doing or about to do is in accordance with the Convention. The Camp Commander deter­ mines whether or not the work should be done. The PW must continue to work until it is decided by higher au­ thority that his work is unau­ thorized.

He may be an ardent Nazi who is clever at hiding this fact. All of them have been affected to some degree by Nazi philosophies and propaganda.

He has certain rights guaranteed him by the Geneva Convention and he knows what these rights are. The United States has the right to work the PW. He does not have the right to stop working. He must work until higher au­ thority makes the decision.

They cannot be employed for personal services, such as order­ lies.

AGO 923B

M 811 What you should know He can protest against doing unhealthf ul o r dangerous work. Typical examples of jobs which would be forbidden because they are inherently dangerous or be­ cause the prisoner is unskilled at the work are: (1) Use of high-speed cutting instruments or explo­ sives. (2) Climbing to dangerous heights. (3) Being exposed to risk of injury from f a l l i n g bodies or bodies in swift motion not under full control. The PW Camp Commander is an expert on PW problems. What you should do Unhealthful or dangerous work is interpreted to mean jobs which are such because of their inherent nature, conditions under which they are performed, the individ­ ual's unfitness or lack of technical skill for the particular task. Some otherwise dangerous tasks may be made safe by safety ap­ pliances and measures.

If any substantial doubt exists regarding the permissibility of any particular type of work you should see him for specific in­ structions. You should take no disciplinary action, but should report all breaches of discipline to the escort guard and the using agency. However, you must require him to do a full day's work. If one or more prisoners refuse to work you should turn over a written report of the charges and the offenders to the escort guard. A duplicate of this report should be given to the using agency. If he refuses to work his privi­ leges may be taken away from him by the Camp Commander
13

Punishment may be meted out only by the PW Camp Com­ mander. The PW recognizes the right to require him to work. He is aware of the penalties that may be imposed upon him if he refuses to work.

AGO 923B

811 What you should know What you should do and punishment imposed. He will get the bread and water diet. In the event that PWs do not accomplish their daily task, they will be retained on the job (up to 12 hours). In the event that they fail to accomplish minimum daily task, 3^ou should investigate with a view to possible misassignment. In the event that misassignment has not been made, and slow down tactics are definitely estab­ lished or the PWs refuse to work, the Camp Commander will initiate the "no work, no eat" policy (bread and water diet) after longer hours and pro­ rated pay have been tried, and proven ineffective. Officers and persons of equiva­ lent status cannot be forced to work. If they request work, the Camp Commander will secure it for them if possible. NCOs are required to do super­ visory labor only unless they re­ quest other labor. They do not make good supervisors. This must be taken into consid­ eration in your work planning. This period of 24 consecutive hours of rest each week is des­ ignated by the Camp Com­ mander. If your work is an emergency, requires use of the prisoners for more than 6 days or on Sunday, you should notify the
AGO 923B

He may be used for labor accord- ing to his rank and attitude. He may be required to do many types of work. See the list at the beginning of this handbook.

The prisoner of war is entitled to one day of rest each week. This usually is on Sunday.

14

M 811 What you should know What you should do Camp Commander and he will take the necessary action. Get the work done. Make the nec­ essary adjustments and tell the PW. They should be permitted to sit down to rest during these periods. They may be permitted to smoke except in those areas where smok­ ing has been deemed hazardous. They may be permitted to go to latrines during these periods. Allow them to rest only when necessary. DRIVE! Get the work done. To aid in complying with stand­ ards of safe working conditions, preliminary job training will be given when necessary before you assign prisoners of war to jobs. You must furnish protective clothing such as goggles, gloves, safety shoes, etc., when they are essential for adequate protection from accidents. It is your responsibility to deter­ mine the existence and adequacy of safety devices. Report all violations. You must plan and execute the work so as to provide the maxi­ mum of safety for the prisoners. When prisoners are transported from one job to another in dump trucks the dump bed must be se­ curely fastened to the frame and seats should be provided.
15

Prisoners of war may be given rest periods in the morning and afternoon or at comparable inter­ vals when used on night shifts. These rest periods are not man­ datory, but rather used where necessary and helpful.

Accident prevention is as much your responsibility when work­ ing with prisoners of war as it is when you are supervising civilians.

They are entitled to safe trans­ portation facilities.

AGO 923B

M 811 What you shoi.ild know What you should do You must not permit prisoners to stand in flatbed trucks when the truck is in motion and it is your responsibility to see that prison­ ers do not ride with their legs hanging over the side of the truck. Report all violations. You must not ride with them. Ride with the driver. To get maximum production from PW labor, it will still be necessary to think of them as individuals while continuing to think of their characteristics as a group. Study your prisoner detail as you would study a group of civilian emploj^ees to spot personal char­ acteristics. Don't tj7pe all the prisoners and hink that they are all alike in ivery detail . . . they may share general characteristics but they do have individual differences. Don't refer to them as "Krauts'* sr "Heinies" in their presence. Don't work men together in teams when you know that their per­ sonalities clash. Look for individual aptitudes and make the best placement pos­ sible under existing conditions. Look for unusual abilities. There is a wealth of technical and pro­ fessional skill available to you in the ranks of the prisoners of war. When you have a problem with a prisoner of war, remember to fol­ low the procedure you use in
16 AGO 923B

Although a prisoner of war will act pretty much the same as his fellow prisoners under general conditions because he shares their status, their ideologies, etc., he still remains an individual and will have individual difference?.

M 811
What you should know What you should do handling a problem with a civil­ ian : GET THE FACTS WEIGH AND DECIDE TAKE ACTION CHECK RESULTS Spot the man who causes slow­ downs. Eeport him. The action you decide to take will in many instances be different from the action you would take in han­ dling a civilian employee rela­ tions problem, but the steps you take to arrive at a decision will be the same. Remember it is the Army's function to punish. The general plan: You can get greater production from prisoners of war labor by: 1. Considering their general backgrounds. 2. Knowing their rights . . . . and yours. 3. Considering individual ap­ titudes, qualifications and char­ acteristics. 4. Making the best use of each individual. 5. Treating them impersonally and requiring all other civilians on the job to do the same.

AGO 923B
ST. S G O V E R N M E N T P R I N T I N G OFFICE-194*

17

OFFICE OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL

SPQSS 383,6 Subsistence Division Washington 25, D. C, 4 August 1945
SUBJECT: Menu Guide for Use in Preparing Service Command Monthly
Prisoner of V i f a r Menus
Commanding Generals
All Service Commands
Military District of Washington
^
.

TO:

1* The menu guide and general information pa^ ;s submitted herewith,
are published as a guide for Service Commands in preparing monthly prisoner
of war menus, as prescribed in par 6c. Section IV, P<. rt II, ASF Circular
No. 191, 1945. Rationed and critical foods will not >e issued in excess
of the quantities listed.
2. A field test has been made, using tho menu . . . i d information
pages attached, and it was found that the menus provic o an adequate diet
for 100 prisoners for 10 days. The caloric range of this guiau is from
2500 to 4000 calories and thorefore provides food for m^-ii engaged in tho
various levels of activity.
3. Any increase in issues beyond 3000 calories will be made on
recommendation of the Nutrition Officer or other proper medical authority,
as prescribed in par 5 c , Part II, Section IV, ASF Circular No. 191, 1945*
Also, as provided in the same paragraph, no issues will b- made beyond 3700
calories unless approved by the Commanding General of the Service Command,
upon the advice of his surgeon.
4# This guide will also govern the feeding of Italian Prisoners
of War (not Italian Service Units),
5, Unit Mess Officers and/or Unit Commanders vail keep Sales Officers
informed regarding any part of ..tho—isswy—not-being oonsummed. Such in­ fo rmatiorT~wi 11 be used to' make local adjustments in the- menu. This
information will also be forwarded immediately to Service Command Directors
of Food Service for use in adjusting service command menus. No adjustments
will be made which increase the issue of rationed or critical foods in excess
of the quantities listed in attached guide.

333.6

August

6. The information contained i n t h i s guide has been, approved by f f i c e of The Surgeon General and the Office of The-Provost" Marshal" fiir*>Y£L*$Le>B a l l pcegAogs^Brfcewnor off-War Murm Guides.1

E. B-. G H E G O R Y Lieutenant 'General The Quartermaster General DISTRIBUTION: All Service Commands 1 Attach POIT lienu Guide

Prisoner of War Menu Guide
for
German and Italian Prisoners of War

4 August 1945

INDEX

Section I II III IV

Information Condiment List

Page

1
5
6
16

r a r Menu Guide Ten Day Prisoner of Y v

Recapitulation Sheet

Prisoner of Viar Menu Guide for German and Italian Prisoners of Vnar August 194-5

SECTION I.

INFORMATION

1. Heats, fats and cheese processed, a. The following quantities of rationed foods will not be exceeded: Item Lard Oleo Cheese Brisket Bologna (all types) Fat Back Salt Pork Beef Flanks & Skirts Beef shanks Beef hearts Beef liver Veal shank' Veal carcass (utility) Lamb carcass (utility)• Lamb carcass (cull) Lamb- shank Sausage, drySausage, semi-dry Frankfurters Loaves, sausage Pork Liver Unit Ib Ib
Ib
Ib
Ib Ib
Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Ib Quantity per 100 men per day
3
2

A

25
20
10
10
15
20
15
15
30
20
25
25
30
15
15
15
15
20

The following non-rationed items should be issued frequently, b. v/hen available: Fish

Scrapple Pigs' Feet Tripe Mutton

50 lbs. 30 lbs. 20 lbs. 50 lbs. 20 lbs.. 40 lbs*

per per per per per per

100 3.00 100 100 100 100

men nen men nen men men

undressed dressed

- 1 ­

c.

The following is a suggested meat issue for 10 days:
Menu Pounds per 100 Men Item
Brisket
Fish
Bologna
Brisket
Fat Back
Bologna
Pigs! Feet
Brisket
Fat Back
Scrapple
Fish
Bologna
Pigs' Feet
Brisket
Fat Back
Bologna
Fish

1 2 2

3 3

U U
5 5 6 6 7 8

25 50 20 25 10 20 50 25 10 15 50 20

9 9

10 10

50 25
10 20 50

d. Plates, briskets, and shanks are not readily available thru
market centers. It will be noted thai brisket appears often on the suggested
meat issue. Sales Officersmey remove the brisket, plate and shank at
the issue room of the central cold storage plant from beef fore quarters.
If a central meat cutting plant is available, the necessary breakdown may
be accomplished therein.
e. Flanks and skirts may also be removed at the central cold
storage plant or at the central meat cutting plant.
2. Vegetables, a. Fresh vegetables will be issued in the variety
obtainable and vegetables L. G. Y., will be included in two out of every
three issues. Frequent issues of cabbages and onions should be made to
German P l ' / s ; frequent issues of tomatoes and onions to Italian PWs. hhen
fresh tomatoes are not available for Italian Pfas, five issues may be made
during each 10 day period as follows:
1 #10 can tomato paste por 100 men
or
2 #10 cans tomato puree per 100 men
or
3'#10 cans tomato juice per 100 men
b. l?hen fresh vegetables are not abundant in supply or are high
in price, canned vegetables such as beets, string or wax beans, peas and
spinach may be issued on the basis of 3 #10 cans per 100 men,
c. Frozen vegetables will not be issued.
- 2 ­

? men in 10 days.

a-

The issue of eggs will not exceed -41-2/3 dozen per 100

4 . Sugars, a. The issue of sugars, including syrup, marmalade
and apple butter will not exceed the amounts shown in the menus.
5. • Milk. a. Milk, fresh fluid may be issued daily. The issue
will be 25 qts., per 100 men. If such is not available, fluid skim or dry
skim may be substituted. Canned milk will be substituted only when the
types specified above are not available.
6. Farinaceous products, a. Farinaceous products, legumes, and
fresh vegetables may be increased up to the level of.actual consumption.
In no instance will increased issues be p-ermitted if any part of the ration
as planned herein is hoarded or wasted (par 3h and 6f, Part Two, Section IV,
ASF Circular.No. 191, 1945).
7. Fruits. a. Fruits are listed daily in the menu. A variety should
be issued as available. Citrus fruits will be issued a minimum of every
other day.
b. Canned fruits will not be issued.

8. Baked products and desserts, a. The issue of syrup, marmalade,
apple butter, and peanut butter as v/ell as a variety of spices v/ill aid in
the utilization of flour. Dried fruits may also be used as toppings or
spreads or as desserts.
b. Yeast may be increased as necessary.

9. Beverages, a. In addition to* coffee, which is issued for two
meals per day, tea is issued (on condiment issue) in sufficient quantity
to serve at four noon meals.
10. Condiments. a. as necessary.
b. c. Salt, vinegar, baking powder, may be increased

Pepper will not be increased,
Oil will not be increased.

d. Additional condiments such as crackers are included to pro­ vide meal for frying fish, etc. Mustard and pickles are provided for sand­ wiches and meat loaves. Bay leaves and cloves for pickling fish and beets.
Nutmeg, lemon flavoring and vanilla tablets for baked products are also
provided.

- 3­

11, Sandwiches, a. This menu guide provides sandwich meals for
service at noon. Effort should be made to bring about a full utilization
of the ration by grinding meats, fish and cooked beans, and by adding such
extenders as bread, cracker meal, oatmeal, pickles, mustard, onions, peppers,
etc. Sandwiches need not be made-from meat or cheese only.
b. When beef (plate, brisket, shank) is issued at 25 lbs., per
100 men, sufficient meat may be boned to supply sandwiches for the field
and those in the compound, by utilizing the extenders mentioned in par a.,
above, forming loaves, baking and slicing when cold.
c. The following is a partial list of sandwiches which have been
made from the issue and used successfully by many work details:
(1) (2) (3) (4-) (5) (6) (7) (3) (9) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14.) (15) (16) (17) (13) (19) Bologna, sliced
Bologna & pickle
Bologna & cheese
Chopped bologna, mustard, chopped eggs, and chopped
pickle
Bologna loaf (chopped or ground bologna, mixed with
bread or cooked oatmeal, flour, onions; baked and
sliced cold)
Meat loaf (briskets, shanks, or mutton boned, ground;
ingredients added as in 5 above)
Sliced egg
Chopped egg U Pickle
Chopped egg & chopped cheese
Sliced cheese with mustard
Marmalade
Marmalade & peanut butter or apple butter
Peanut butter and syrup
Fish Loaf, (prepared as in 5 above)
Fat back, sliced
Fat back and cooked beans (mashed, with mustard or
pickles added)
Cheese Loaf (ground cheese, eggs, mustard, vinegar,
oil and pepper)
Fish and Bean Spread (cooked fish and cooked beans
mashed and mixed with bread or cracker crumbs with
added condiments)
Cheese, lettuce and pickle

d. If sandwich meals are not desired by unit commanders for
service at noon, hot meals may be prepared from the ration, when hot meals
are desired, increased issues may be made from farinaceous foods, fresh
vegetables and legumes, if necessary.
12. Cancelled Requisitions, a. Sales Officers will inform Service
Commands, (Attn: Director of Food Service) at once regarding any unfilled
requisitions by Depot or Market Centers. Supplies of such products as
spaghetti, etc., will be made available by OQMG, upon request from Directors
of Food Service.

- A­

CONDIIv&NT LIST FOR PRISONER OF wAii TEN DAY MENU

Quantity 100 Men for 10 Days
^ salad* Vegetable
Tea
Baking Powder
Vinegar
Salt
Pepper, red
Mustard, prepared
Pickles
Cloves
Bay leaves
Worchestershire Sauce
Vanilla Tablets
Lemon flavor
Crackers, soda
Paprika
Nutmeg
qt
lb
lb
gal
lb
U oz. pkg
gal
gal
U oz. can
U oz. can
16 oz. bottle
1 box
8 oz. bottle
lb
A- oz.
4-' oz.

1
2
20
1
1
2
1/2
1/2
1
1/2
1
3
1/2
1/2

SECTION III.

TEN DAY PRISONER OF ,'WAR MENU GUIDE

Menu No. 1
Breakfast
Stewed Fruit
Oatmeal
Milk
Raised Bread
Margarine
Coffee"
Noon Meal
Cheese
Marmalade
Peanut Butter
Bread
Fruit
Tea
2500 Calories Item
Fruit, evap. Oats, rolled Milk, fresh Flour Lard Syrup Yeast Sugar, gran. Margarine Coffee, R&G Cheese, A. C. Marmalade Peanut Butter Bread Fruit Potatoes Vegetables Meat Unit lb
lb
qt lb lb #10en lb lb
lb lb
lb 2#jar
25 oz.jar
lb ea lb lb lb j Table 1 3000 Calories 34-00
Calories
Supper
Meat
Potatoes
Vegetables
£read
Coffee

3700 Calories

4000
Calories
Table 5

Table 2 1 Table 3
s Table U

5 6
25 15
2
~2

5 6

25 15 2

i
'2
1
~2

7

6

25 20

!

:

9

25

7 9

25
30
1

_i_

25

3

1

3

1 4 ­

X

3

2

5

~z

5
5

5

2

5

2

2

2 8

3

:

3

8 80 100

8 60 100

U

U U

6
85
100 60 50 *

5 8 6

100 100 70

5

8

6

100 100 90 60
• *

55 35

55
50 *

55
•X-

*See par 1 Section I

-.6 ­

TEN DAY P R I S O M t OF xuR

GUIDE

Menu No. 2
Breakfast jfVteved Fruit Wheat Cereal Milk Raised Bread Margarine Coffee Noon Heal
Bologna Beans Eggs Bread Fruit Supper
Fish
Potatoes
Vegetables
Bread
Coffee

Vi/ater
3/+00
Calories 3700 Calories Table A 4.000
Calories
Table 5

2500 Calories Item . Unit J Table 1

3000 Calories

• Table- 2 i• Table ?

Fruit, evap. Wheat Cereal Milk, fresh Flour

?yrup
Yeast Sugar, gran. Margarine Coffee, R&G Potatoes Beans Eggs Bread Fish Fruit Vegetables Meat

feard

lb lb qt lb lb
#10cn

5
6 25 15
2
j.

5 6
25 15
2
2"

7 6 25
20

7 9 25 25

7


3
1
• J -

3
1
"2"

25
30
v4.
1

lb lb lb lb lb lb
:

2"

3
2

5
2

5
2

5
2

5

2

doz

lb lb ea lb lb

3 55 6 8-1/3 : 6 0

3 55 6
'3-1/3 35 100 50
• *

60
o

5

5
70

90

10

5

• 3 5
100

So

8-1/3 35 50
100

3 3-1/3
100 50 100

3-1/3

100
50
100

35

#•

50
x

55
•x-

60

• X -

See Par

I Section I

- 7 ­

.TEN DAY. PRISONER OF WAR MENU GUIDE
Menu No. 3
Breakfast Stewed Fruit Oatmeal Milk Raised Bread Margarine Coffee Noon Meal
Meat Loaf Peanut Butter Marmalade Bread Fruit Tea
2500 Calories Item • Unit Table 1 3000 Calories Table 2 3400 Calories Table } 7 Beans & Fat Back
Potatoes
Vegetables
Bread
Coffee

3700 Calories Table. 4 7

4000
Calories
Table 5

Fruit, evap. 1b
Oats, rolled lb
Milk, fresh qt Flour lb Lard lb Syrup
#10en Yeast lb
Sugar, gran. lb Coffee, R&G lb
Onions lb Peanut Butter 25 oz. jar
Ma rma la de 2# j a r
Potatoes lb
Vegetables lb
Fruit ea Beans lb Fat Back lb Meat lb Bread lb Margarine lb * See Par I Section I

5 6

25 15 2
i
2
1

5 6

25 15 2

i
"2
1

6

25 20

9

25 25

7 . 9

25
30

3

1

i 2

3

1

i

4

1

i

~2

3

2
5

3

10

4
4
55 35
100 10 *
• *

3
15 4 4
55
40 100 10 * * 80 2

5 5

15

5 5

15

2

5 5

15

2

4
6

60 40 100 20
• *

4
6

70

4
6

90
50
100
20

X ­

45
100 20 • x * • 100 2

*

*

60 2

85
2

100
2

TEN BAY PRISONER OF EAR J.1ENU GUIDE
Menu No. Breakfast Stewed F r u i t .Wheat Cereal Milk Raised Bread
Margarine
Coffee
Noon Meal
Cheese
Apple Butter
Eggs, meat
Bread
Fruit
Water
Supper
Meat
Potatoes
Vegetables
Bread
Coffee

2500 Calories

3000
Calories

34000
Calories

3700 Calories

4000
Calories

Item

....

.

. .Unit lb lb qt lb lb #10 en lb lb lb lb lb 2#jar doz lb ea lb lb lb

Table 1

Table 2
5

Table 3
7

Table 4 . . Table • 5

7

F r u i t , evap. Wheat Cereal Milk, fresh Flour fijard "Syrup Yeast Sugar, gran. Margarine Coffee, R & G Cheese, A. G. Apple Butter Eggs Bread Fruit Potatoes Vegetables Meat

5 6
25 15
:

7

6

25
15

2

i

6

25

20

9
25 25

9

25
30

2
l

3

1

"2

.L
2

3
1
"2"

4

1

~2~"

' l2

~2

3
2

5

2

5

2

5
2

5

2

3 8

3
8

8

5

5 8

8

5

4
8-1/3 60
100

4

8-1/3
80

100

6

8-1/3
85

100
60
50
*

6
8-1/3
100 100 70
r

6

8-1/3

100
100

55 35 •*

55
50
-*

j>5

-*

90
60
*

See Par 1 Section 1

- 9­

TEN DAY PRISONER OF WAR MENU GUIDE

Menu No. 5
Breakfast Stewed Fruit Oatmeal Milk Raised Bread Margarine Coffee Noon Meal
Cheese
Marmalade
Beans & Fat Back
Bread
Fruit
Tea
Supper
Spaghetti and Sauce •*
Meat
Potatoes
Vegetables
Bread
Coffee
3700 Calories Table 4 4000
Calories
Table 5

2500 Calories Item Fruit, evsp, Oats Milk, fresh Flour Lard Syrup Yeast Margarine Coffee, R&G
Cheese, A. C.
Marmalade
Beans
Bread
Fruit
Spaghetti
Potatoes ,
Vegetables
Sugar, gran.
Meat"
Fat Back
Unit lb lb qt lb lb T^IO en
lb
lb
lb
lb
2#jar
lb
lb ea
lb
lb
lb
lb
lb
lb
Table"1

3000 Calories

34-00
Calories

Table 2 J Table 3

5 6
25 15
2

5 6
25 15 . i 2
" 2
" 2
I

7

7

6

25

20

9
25 25

7
9
25
30

3

1
"2"

3
1
, i 2

4

1

2

i
2

i i
2

3
5
4
6

:
60

2

:

2

2

3

5

5

8

5

8
6
8

100
100

5

8

4
6

80
100
10

6

8
85

100

6

12
100
100

100

. 10

45
35
3

• *
* •

45

50

5
*

15"
60
50
5
*
• *

15

70

55
5
*

20
90
60

5
*

** If fresh tomatoes (15 / / per 100 men) are not available the follor/ing may­ be issued:
2 No. 10 cans tomato puree or 3 No. 10 cans tomato juice
* See Par 1 Section 1
- 10 ­

TEN DAY PRISONER OF WAR MENU GUIDE

Menu No., 6

Breakfast
Stewed Fruit
eat Cereal Raised Bread
Margarine Coffee

Noon Meal Fish Apple Butter Eggs Bread Fruit Water

Supper
Meat
Potatoes
Vegetables
Bread
Coffee

'2500 Calories

3000 Calories

3400 Calories

3700 Calories

4000
Calories

Item Fruit, evap. VJheat Cereal Milk, fresh Flour Lard Syrup feast Margarine Sugar, gran. Coffee, R & G Apple Butter Eggs Bread Fruit Fish Potatoes Vegetables Onions Meat
*See Par 1 Section 1

Unit lb lb qt lb lb #10cn lb lb lb lb 2#jar doz lb ea lb lb lb lb lb

Table 1
5

Table 2
5 6 25 15
2
i. "«;»

Table 3
7

Table L,
7

Table 5
7 9 -25 30

6
25 15
2
i 2 1 2"

6 25
20

9
25 25

3
i

3
1

4
1
i 2 2

2

JL 'd 2

2

x
2

3 3 4

5 3

5
• 5

3-1/3
60
100

4 8-1/3
30 100

.

6
3-1/3
35
100

5 5 6

6

100 100 50 90 50 15 *

5
5

3-1/3
100 100 50
70

3-1/3

35 55 35
10 *

35 55 40
10 *

•50 60 40 15

45
15

• *

- 11 ­

TEN DAY PRISONER MENU GUIDE

Menu No, 7 Breakfast Stewed Fruit Oatmeal Milk Raised Broad Margarine Coffee Noon Meal Cheese Marmalade Peanut Butter Bread Fruit Water Supper Meat Potatoes Vegetables Bread Coffee

2500 3000 3400 3700 4000
Calories Calories Calories Calories Calorics
Item Fruit, evap. Oats, rolled Milk, fresh Flour Lard Yeast Syrup Margarine Sugar, gran. Coffee, R & G Cheese, A. C. Marmalade Peanut Butter Bread Fruit Vegetables Potatoes Meat Unit lb lb qt lb lb lb #10cn lb lb lb lb 2#jar 25oz.jar lb ea lb lb lb Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5

5 6 25 15 2 J L
'o "

5 6 25 15 2
i 2 1
•2

7 6 25 20 3 1 2 5 5 8 6 4 85 100 50 60 *
l 2

7 9 25 25 3
l

7 9 25 30 4 1 2 5 5 8 6 4 100 100 60 90 *
l 2

a

;2 . 3 3 8 4 4 60 100 35 55 *

•2

; 5 " 3 8 4 4 80 100 50 55 *

1 2 5 5 8 6 4 100 100 55 70 *

* See Par 1 Section I

- 12 ­

TEN DAY PRISONER MENU GUIDE
Menu No. 8
Breakfast Stewed Fruit Wheat Cereal Milk Raised Bread Margarine Coffee Noon Meal Eggs 3eans Apple Butter Bread Fruit Tea Supper
Macaroni and Cheese
Potatoes
Moat
Vegetables
Bread
Coffee

2500 3000 3400 3700 4000
Calories Calorics Calories Calories Calories
Item Fruit, evap. Wheat Cereal Milk, fresh Flour Lard Yeast Syrup Margarine
Sugar, gran. Coffee, R & G Eggs
Beans Apple Butter
Bread
Fruit
Macaroni
Cheese, A.C.
Potatoes
Vegetables
Meat
Unit Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5

lb lb qt lb lb lb

#10cn

5 6 25 15 2
l.

5 6 25 15 2
1

7 6 25 20 3
1 2

7 9 25 25 3
1 2

7
9
25
30

4

1 2

lb
lb lb doz

5

•3

1
2

1
2 5 5 8 1/z
8
6
85
100
15
8
60
50
*

2 2
3
8 l/3

2
5 3
JL/ 0

0

lb

2#jar

6

4

60­ 100
10
5
45
35
*

lb
ea
lb
lb
lb
lb
lb

6 4
80
100
10
5
45
50
*

5
5
8 1/3 . 8 l/3
8 10
6
6
100
100
100
100
15
20
8
8
70
90
55
60
*
*

1 2
5 5

1
2

See Par 1 Section I

- 13- ­

TEN DAY PRISONER OF WAR MENU GUIDE
Menu No. 9
Breakfast Stowod Fruit Oatmoal
Milk Raised Broad Margarine Coffee
Noon Meal Meat Loaf Marmalade
Peanut' Butter
Bread Fruit Water
Supper
Beans and Fat Back
Potatoes
Vegetables
Broad
Coffee

2500 3000 3400 3700 4000
Calories Calories Calories Calories Calories
Item Fruitj evap. Oats, rolled Milk, fresh Flour Lard Yeast Syrup
Margarine
Sugar,- gran.
Marmalade
Peanut Butter
Bread
Fruit
Beans
Potatoes
Vegetables
Coffee, R & G r
Onions
Fat Back
Meat
Unit Table 1 Table 2 Table 3 Talblo 4 Table 5

lb lb qt lb lb lb
#10cn

5 6 25 15 2 J L .

5 6 25 15 2 I
Z
2

i 2

7 6 25 20 3 1 2
5
6
4
85
100
20
60
50
5
15
*
*

l
2

7 9 25 25 3
H|C;

7

9
25
30
4

i

2
3 3
4
4
60
100
10
45
35
3
1Q

1

2
5
6
4
100
100
20
70
55
5
15
*
*

. I

2
5
6

l
2

lb
lb

2#jar
25oz,jar

5

4
4
80
100
10
45
50
3
10
*
*

4

100
100
20
90
60
5
15
*
*

lb
ea
lb
lb
lb
lb
lb
lb
lb

* See Par 1 Section I

- 14 ­

TEN DAY PRISONER MENU GUIDE
Menu No, 10
Breakfast Stewed Fruit Vfrieat Cereal Milk Raised Bread Margarine Coffee
Noon Meal Meat Eggs Beans
Bread
Fruit
Water
Supper
Fish Potatoes Vegetables Bread .
Coffee

2500 3000 3400 3700 4000
Calories Calorics Calories Calories Calories
Item Fruit, evap. Wheat "Cereal Milk, frosh Flour Lard Yeast fyrup Margarine Sugar, gran. Coffee, R & -G Eggs Beans Bread Fruit Potatoes Vegetables Fish Meat Unit lb lb qt lb lb lb. #10cn lb lb lb doz lb lb ea lb lb lb lb Table 1 Tablo 2 I Table 3

Table 4 7 9 25 25 3
1 2

Table 5

5 6 25 15 2

5 6 25 15 2
1 2 1
2

7 6 25 20
rt

X
r

1 1 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 3 3 5 5 Q 8 l/3 O 8 l/5 8 l/3 6 6 8 8 85 80 100 60 100 100 100 100 60 70 •55 55 45 50 55 35 35 3550 50 * * * *

i

0
1 2

7
9
25
30
4

1
2

2

T /"7

J . / O

1
2
5
5
8 l/3

12

100
100
90
60
50

. * See Par 1 Section I

* 15 ­

SECTION IV
RECAPITULATION SHEET FOR TEN DAY PRISONER OF i i / A R MENU
Prisoner of- TTar Menu
Total Issues for 100 Men for 10 Days

Table 1

Table 2

Table 3

Table 4

Table 5

Item

Unit

4000
3700
3400
3.000 2500 Calorics
Calories Calories Calories
Calories

MEAT AND FISH

EGGS
MILK
Milk, fresh
Cheese, A» C»
MARG.JSINE
FATS
Lard
SUGARS
Sugar, gran
Syrup
Apple Butter
Marmalade
CEREALS
Bread
Flour
I.'O.caroni
^.Tvi.ghetti
(rxc.s, rolled
Vine at, Cereal

See Section I, Paragraph . 1.
do z 41 2/3 41 2/3 41 2/3
4i:2/3
41 2/3

q . t lb lb

250 34 20

250 34 20

250
40
20

250
40
20

250
40
20

lb

20

20

30
50
10
13
30
850
200
15
15
30
30.
72
20
470
45
600
1000
70
5
50

30

40
50
10
18
30
1000
300
20
20
45
45

lb #10cn 2#jar 2#jar lb lb lb lb lb lb lb 25oz,jar lb lb lb servings lb lb lb

30 5 12 20 600 150 10 10 30 30 44 20 350 30 520 1000 50 5 30

50 5 12 20 800 150 10 10 30 30 44 20 470 45 52-0 1000 50 5 30

50
10
18
30
1000
250
15
15
45
45
72
20
520
45
700
1000
70
5
50

L3GUMZ£
Beans

Pwonut Butter
VEGETABLES
Onions, dry
POTATOES
FRUIT, fresh
FRU.i.T, evap.
COFFEE, R & G
OIL*

84
20
570
45
900
1000
70
5
50

* Included in condiment issue

- 16 ­

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
WASHINGTON 25, D. C.

RFSTRICTrD

The Adjutant General '
Operations branch General ^orrespondonce OB-C AG 283.6 (2U Sep O) OB-C 24 Septeaber 19-43

cc CG CG CG CG CG CG CG CG

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COMMAND CC^MAKD COMMAND COUaAHD COMHAIB COMMAND CG^AKfs CG&MAND C0M8AHD

OOSTCU MASSACHUSETTS GOVERNORS ISUND N O YORK BALTIMORE MARTUMD ATLANTA GEORGIA COLUMBUS OHIO CKIGACO ILLINOIS OMAHA NEBRASKA DALLAS T XAS FORT DOUGLAS UTAH

Chief of Staff United States fcray directs maximum &s® of prisoners
of war in agriculture and othc r authoriiz<=>ct work for which they can be
used tc adventsfe and particularly to relieve rnan power shortages^ Fa>­ ployraent of prisoners of «ar off recervationi! I F covered in letter dated
2lth kugtxttt 1943 fil« AG 333.6 (23 August 4.3) (OB-S-A-M. For work off
rrr.ervati.onB tactical troops 9rf.ll \IK mnJe available for guard and ad­ ministration of prisoner of war labor when BftOftsaary* However tactical
troops will not be made available for this purpose until all available
resources of troops under your jurisdiction have been exhausted. Olio
f ill rack© maximum us"? of 7one of Interior Military Police
TAG ACOP. You i Battalions and all other appropriate Service Cowsand troop? wbioh c?n b€
»«ade available for thia nurpoee before requesting use of tactical troops.
'*'hen necessary Serrlee Qovmand responsibility for internal security will
be fulfilled by calling for tactical troope in accordance with assignments
already roade to them for emergency use in domestic disturbances, hen.
required tactical troops may be secured for guard and administration or
prisoner* of car vorfclnf off reservations upon recuest $.r\i\ justification
to Uft*dquartt>ra Army Service Forces directed attention Provost ^rshal
General. No request for 50 or more prisoners of war which conforms to
existing nolicifss ancl Instructions will be disapproved without reference
to Provost Marshal General. Number of guards incloding cooVs, clerks and
oi-hfir overhead will be reduced to minimum and normally will not exceed
one for each ten prisoners? of war in s static situation* 'her© special
conditions require puards including overhead in ercepp of one for each
five prisoners of war Commanding Officers must be prepared to justify
fully'. Above will be communication by you without delay for guidance of
all concerned under your Command
ORIGINATORS INFORMATION ASF TAG
ASF PBSG ADMIN G-2 G-3 G-l
16202 TJOS

Cf^-OUT-11330 to 1133^ inclusiv«

TELEGRAM

PLACEMENT 1 1 U 1 0 0 . 0 0 1 March 2U9 1 9 4 4

REGIONAL MiRPOifER DIRECTORS EFFECTIVE MARCH 1 3 , 1 9 U , CERTIFICATIONS FOR PRISONER OF WAR LABOR IN AGRICULT. WILL BE TRANSMITTED BY STATE EXTENTION DIRECTORS TO SERVICF COMMAND. SIMJLT.AN*

EOUSLY A COPY OF EACH CERTIFICATION VilLL BE TRANSMITTED TO THE EMC STATE DIRECTO V'BO v/ILL DETERMINE AND CERTIFY TO SERVICE COMMAND THE, PRIORITY OF THE AGRICULTURA PROJECT 13 RELATION TO OTHER PROJECTS INVOLVING PRISONFR OF WAR LABOR IN THE AREA. ^AR DEPARTBffiENT HAS ELECTED TO MAKE FULL USE OF PRIORITY FACILITIES PROVIDED BY W M C IN ACCORDANCE WITH W M C FIELD INSTRUCTION MO, /, INCLUDING SUPPLEMENTS 1 AND 2 . AIuHAS OTRK COMJCETTEES HAVE NOT BEEN ESTABLISHED THE STATE W M C DIRECTOR TOLL DETERA'IIWE PRIORITY IN ACCORDANCE WITH REGIONAL PROCEDURE'S. PRIORITIES APPLY IN

PARTICULARLY TO REQUESTS FOR PRISONER OF WAR LABOR WHEN THE DEMAND EXCEEDS THE SUPPLY. ESTABLISHMCNT OF PRIORITIES SHALL BE EXPEDITFD. WMPA.

A. ft'. iTOLFiT, ACTING DIRECTOR BUREAU OF PLACEMENT

C O P Y

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The f o l l o w i n g t e l e g r a m , a d d r e s s e d t o t h e Commanding G e n e r a l s t F i r s t t h r o u g h N i n t h S e r v i c e Commands, was d i s p a t c h e d from t h e O f f i c e o f The P r o v o s t M a r s h a l G e n e r a l on 28 J u l y 1 9 4 5 : "PENDING A M M m i T S TO WAR OTAB3MHHT MBIORAlOTM 5 8 0 - 4 5 DAIED 25 MAY 1 9 4 5 SUBJECT PROCESSING OF PRISONERS OF WAR AND PROTECTED PERSONNEL FOR REPATRIATION PARAGRAPHS 4G H I J K AND FIRST SENTENCE OF L OF THAT MEMORANDUM ARE RESCINDED AND THE FOLLOWING INSTRUCTIONS WILL GOVERN THEBE WILL BE NO RESTRICTIONS ON THE TYPE OF ARTICLES OF PERSONAL PROPERTY WHICH GEBMAN AND ITALIAN PRISONERS INCLUDING 10SMBERS OF ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS MAY TAKE WITH THEM UPON REPATRIATION EXCEPT THAT NO PRISONER WILL BE PERMITTED TO TAKE WITH HIM GOVERNMENT ISSUED PROPERTY IN EXCESS OF THAT AUTHORIZED FIRE ASMS OR EXPLOSIVES OF ANY KIND PHOTOGRAPHS DIARIES PERSONAL MANUSCRIPTS BOOKS LOTERS AND OTHER WRITTEN MATERIAL MAY BE INCLUDED IN BAGGAGE ALLOWANCES PROVIDING SUCH MATERIAL I S CENSORED PACKAGED SEALED AND STAMPED APPROVED AT THE CAMP LEVEL OFFICER PRISONERS OF WAR INCLUDING OFFICERS IK ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS WILL BE PERMITTED TO TAKE A MAXIMUM OF 1 7 5 POUNDS OF BAGGAGE ON THEIR RETURN VOYAGE ENLISTED MEMBERS OF ITALIAN SERVICE UNITS WILL BE PERMITTED 100 POUNDS OF BAGGAGE GERMAN AND OTHEtt ITALIAN ENLISTED PRISONERS OF WAR WILL BE PERMITTED 5 5 POUNDS PLUS A SPECIAL 10 POUND ALLOv/^CE OF PUBLICATIONS SOLD IN PRISONER OF WAR CANTEENS OR DISTRIBUTED BY 'DHE WAR DEPARTMENT AS ORIENTATION MATERIAL PROVIDED THE 5 5 POUND ALLOWANCE AND SPECIAL 10 POUND ALLOWANCE OH TOTAL OF 65 POUNDS CAN BE PLACED WITHIN ONE BARRACKS BAG I F AN ENLISTED PRISONER DOES NOT HAVE 55 POUNDS OF ARTICLES THE SPECIAL ALLOWANCE OF ORIENTATION PUBLICATIONS MAI BE INCREASED TO MAKE A TOTAL OF 65 POUNDS PROVIDING IT DOES NOT EXCEED ONE BARRACKS BAG"

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WA 490 WASH DC ASP PMX) P/W DIV 7 AUG U POEPXXXO93O
TO COMMANDING GENERAL THIRD SERVICE COMMAND BALTIMORE MD
SPMGA 20 UNDER SECRETARY OF WAR HAS CALLED TO THE ATTENTION
OF THIS OFFICE THAT EMPLOYERS OF PRISONER OF WAR LABOR HAVE
COMPLAINED THAT FREQUENT CHANGES OF PRISONER OF WAR DETAILS
ON WORK REQUIRING TRAINING NECESSITATES FREQUENT TRAINING OF
NEW PRISONERS STOP IT IS REQUESTED THAT MEREVER PRACTICABLE
PRISONER OF WAR DETAILS ON PRIVATE CONTRACTS IfflIGH REQUIRE
TRAINING HOT BE CHANGED PENDING COMPLETION OF THE JOB END
SIGNED LERCH THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
END PLS ACK EB
7/
REDC 1 OK TU BWP
V WA OPR
OPE
OPR AT 393 OK

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
W A S H I N G T O N 25, D. C.

SPMGY (1) 253.5
Prisoners of "ar
To: Commanding General
First Service Command
Boston Army Base
Boston, Massachusetts

15 April 1944

1. At the conference of the Commanding Generals of the Service
Commands held at Dallas, Texas, 17 to 19 February 1944, General
Somervell directed that prisoner of war labor be utilized to the
maximum. There haa been improvement in the number of prisoners of
war employed, however, the improvement ':ms not been as great as was
expected. Further, it is believed that many prisoners are performing
unnecessary labor and that each prisoner employed is not performing
his full dayfs labor.
2. It is suggested that a V.orks Project Section, headed by a
full-time competent officer, be established in the Security and
Intelligence Division of your Headquarters. The Tiorks Project Officer,
working with the Labor Officer, the Engineer, the Quartermaster and
such others as may be necessary, should coordinate all requests for
labor and effect the full and efficient employment of prisoners of war,
3. Attached is a tentative allotment of German enlisted pris­ oners of war to Service Commands (noncommissioned officers excluded).
Requests for the shipment of prisoners into Service Commands should be
made to The Provost Marshal General, Surplus prisoners of war, who
cannot be employed on a full-time basis, will be moved to other Ser­ vice Commands. To meet reported shortages, full use will be made of
Italian prisoners of war other than those in Italian Service Units,
It is estimated that approximately 10,000 such prisoners of war will
be available,
4., Additional German prisoners of war received in this country
will be allotted to Service Commands in accordance with current needs.

/s/ Joseph F. Battley

Incl, Tent, Allotment

J0SEH1 F. BATTLE!
Brigadier General, U. S. A.
Deputy Chief of Staff for Service Commands

POW DIV.
S. M. Farrand - 79631
SFMGA (36) 3*3.7

Honorable Cordell Hull, Secretary of State.
Dear Mr. Secretary:

10 MARCH 1944

I hereby reply further to a Department of State communi­ cation of January 13, 1944, SD 740.00115 Pacific War/1328, forwarding
to the War Department a copy of a note dated December 31, 1942 from the
Minister of Sweden in charge of Japanese interests in the Territory
of Hawaii which inclosed a copy of a cablegram of December 24, 1942
setting forth complaints by the Japanese Government concerning the
treatment of Japanese civilians while interned in the Territory of
Hawaii and while being transported to the Mainland for internment.
Copies of the note and cablegram were referred to the Commanding
Generals, U. S. Army Forces, Central Pacific Area and Yyestern Defense
Command with the request that information be supplied regarding the
matters complained of in the cablegram* Full reports have been re*
ceived, and are summarized in the following paragraphs. The refer­ ences to Alinea numbers correspond to the numbered allegations in
the cablegram* It is believed that the word "internees" used in
this letter may be applied to all persons in War Department custody,
whether internees, detainees or evacuees.
Alinea (1) - Regarding handcuffing and overcrowdinga The
Commanding General in Hawaii reports that in no instance was it found
necessary to use handcuffs during the apprehension and transportation
of Japanese internees to custody. The internees, once in custody, were
afforded living quarters in compliance with basic U. S. Army Regula­ tions covering the housing of soldiers which, it might be added, take
into consideration elements of health, ventilation, and comfort. Male
and female internees were separated. Suitable toilet facilities were
furnished and exercise periods were allowed. The internees were fed
in a roofed inclosure and were not in any way subjected to the elements
as alleged in Alinea (1). While the allegation of Alinea (1) concern­ ing strict surveillance of internees by soldiers with fixed bayonets
posted two feet apart is not specifically covered in the reports made
by the Commanding Generals, it may be assumed that the internees were
under military guard during some portion or all of their internment.
However, it is doubted whether sufficient guard personnel was available
to afford so close a cordon.
The Commanding General, Western Defense Command, reports that
upon receiving Japanese internees from Hawaii none were handcuffed.
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The largest group received at one time was 161* They were temporarily
held awaiting processing in a bedroom with 192 beds and were fed in a
new mess hall seating 250 persons. Guards did not walk their posts
with fixed bayonets, and were not excessive in number*
Alinea (2) - Regarding compelling civilian internees to
work* A full report on the treatment of Japanese internees at Sand
Island Detention Camp, Territory of Hawaii, shows that within the
first few weeks after December 7, 1941, a large number of aliens
was taken into custody. Aotion had to be taken immediately to "tent"
them adequately until permanent housing could be constructed* Japanese
civilians were instructed to erect and align their tents• Similar
instructions were given to other internees• No order ras given, as
far as known, that Japanese should erect the tents of Germans and
Italians. It was the policy of the Commanding Officer of the Sand
Island Detention Camp never to order Japanese to perform labor for
Caucasian internees, or vice versao The racial groups were separated
and were in separate inclosures* However, before separate kitchens
and mess halls were available the cook and kitchen details alternated
weekly between both racial groups©
Pursuant to a request made of the leaders of Japanese internees,
a number of young Japanese, most of whom were United States citizens,
willingly assisted in the construction of a fence around their
lnclosures *
The laundry was made available to Japanese internees in
January 1942« They had agreed that if they wished to operate the
laundry they would be permitted to launder their own bed linen and
clothing* They were not ordered to, but occasionally voluntarily
did, assist in doing the laundry of American Army personnel. Later,
when the laundry was operated by the Quartermaster, internee labor,
including Japanese, was employed at the rate of eighty cents per day*
These work groups were selected by their own group leaders*
Permission to raise vegetables was given as a considerate
gesture to enable the Japanese, who are fond of fresh vegetables, to
supply themselves therewith© Implements and seeds were furnished*
Their own group furnished the labor and there was never any understand­ ing or order that they were raising vegetables for American troops*
Apparently on some occasions when crops of certain vegetables were
greater then needed by the internees, the internees themselves offered
troops the excess vegetables*
Prior to funds being made available for the payment of internee
labor, there may have been instances of gratuitous labor* However,
when funds were available, payments were made for all work performed and
a $3*00 monthly allowance was granted each internee retroactively to
the date of initial internment* Where internees were transferred to
the Mainland prior to the inauguration of payment to internees, they
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were later credited with the amounts due up to the time that they left
Sand Island Detention Campo In the early months of the war there may
have been instances of Japanese performing labor without remuneration
but, as already mentioned, such work was performed voluntarily and not
under force or as a result of a direct order©
When under the jurisdiction of the Western Defense Command
internees were not required to perform labor other than policing their
quarters awi serving foodo
Alinea (3) - Concerning search of internees received at
Sand Islando Upon arrival at camp, the clothing and baggage of
internees were completely searched* All valuables were taken from
them, listed and a receipt given, signed by the internee and the
receiving officer* Any article which might be considered a possible
lethal weapon and certain foodstuffs and medicines were confiscatedo
When any group of Japanese was transferred to the continent, its
members were searched again before leaving camp to assure that no
forbidden articles were taken aboard shipo All personal valuables
except money were returned upon departure to the Mainland,
Japanese internees arriving from Hawaii in the Western
Defense Command in time to sail on the first sailing of the "Gripsholm"
were subjected to body and baggage search* The search was thorough,
but was conducted without untoward incidento
Concerning money* In Hawaii, funds received by confiscation
from internees or donations to internees, were deposited in the Bishop
National Bank in Hawaii and books were set up to show the amounts
credited each interneeo Upon transfer to the Mainland the money,
covered by a receipt in possession of the internee, was turned over
to the Internee and Evacuee Property Coordinator, less withdrawals for
use in camp, and was later forwarded to The Provost Marshal General,
Washington, D* C«, for credit to the internee's account at the Mainland
internment camp to which he was transferred© It is reported that a
total of $26,679*65 of internee funds was forwarded to Washington* It
is possible that some internees were inconvenienced because of lack
of funds upon arrival on the Mainland before their funds were received
and made available*
In the Western Defense Command receipts were given for any
money taken from internees* The money was transferred with the
internees to the destination internment camp©
Alinea (4) - Concerning mistreatment upon transfer to the
Mainland* Internees transferred to the Mainland from Hawaii were
housed in second and third class accommodations and were not restricted

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by wire netting or any other similar device© Males and females were
separated* Toilets, in all cases, were furnished within the rooms or
were readily accessible* Accommodations given internees were superior
to those furnished either the ship's crew or transit troopso Within
the Western Defense Command adequate facilities were afforded internees
and no complaints were lodged during any transfer*
The Commanding General in Hawaii reports that the treatment
of Japanese and other persons held in custodial detention has, since
the beginning of hostilities, been marked by scrupulous observance
of treaty obligations and agreements* Throughout the process of
investigation, apprehension and detention, Japanese civilians were
treated humanely and were protected against violence, insults and public
curiosity*
Sincerely yours,
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Secretary of War*

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PCW DIVo S. Mo Farrand - 79631 SPMGA (36) WDGAP 363*7 (4 Mar 44) The Honorable. The Secretary of State, My dear Mr» Secretary: I refer further to your letter of February 29, 1944, on
the subject of the additional protests of the Japanese Government,
contained in a cablegram of January 26, 1944, concerning certain
treatment allegedly accorded Japanese civilian internees by United
States authorities, and to my letter of March 16, 1944, in which I
stated that information on the subject was being requested of the
Commanding General, U o S« Army Forces, Central Pacific Area. A
reply has now been received from the Commanding General regarding
the allegations made by the Japanese Government.
The complaints contained in the cablegram of January 26,
1944, were two in number* The first was that the Japanese internees
in Hawaii were "compulsorily employed by Hawaiian authorities in
digging of blind shells, which even guards did not dare to approach*"
The second was in regard to the conditions during transportation of
internees to the continental United States, with particular reference
to wash-room facilities and safety measures*
It is assumed that the reference in the cablegram to "blind
shells" means unexploded ammunition or bombs, commonly called "duds."
The Commanding General definitely states that he has ascertained
that there were no occasions when internees were required to handle
ammunition of any kind, duds or otherwise*
In regard to conditions during sea voyages to the conti­ nental United States, officers in charge of the evacuation of inter­ nees, including a group to be repatriated from the United States to
Japan, state that troop transports were used and that the facilities
and conditions were similar to those under which United States
troops were transported* On the voyage of the internees to be
repatriated, ready access was had by the internees to clean and
adequate toilet, shower and washstand facilities with running water*
On other voyages where internees were quartered on a deck having no
latrine facilities, adequate arrangements were made for their access
thereto, and temporary facilities were provided at nighttime. On
at least one such voyage a Japanese internee doctor was in charge
20 May 1944 G-l DWB 3329

of sanitary arranging for the internees, and proper provision
was made for them in that regard* In all instances, internees
were fed adequately and regularly. On one voyage the internees
were permitted to go on deck for relaxation and smoking, and on
another the internees were not permitted above "Dtt due to the
fact that women and children being evacuated to the mainland
occupied rooms on "C" deck* All persons on these voyages, including
the ships' personnel, were under orders to wear life jackets or
have them in their possession* This fact undoubtedly explains the
reference in the cablegram to "lifebuoys."
The Commanding General's report establishes that these
Japanese nationals were treated with humanity and consideration,
and that the contrary allegations reported to the Japanese Govern­ ment are without foundation in fact* It is recommended that a reply
be made to the Minister of Sweden accordingly*
Sincerely yours*
/s/HENHI L. STBtSON
Secretary of War*
mll/emk

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HEADQUARTERS MILITARY DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
ROOM 5-B-51£, THE PENTAGON
7/ASHXNGTOH 25, D. C.
SPWVS 333.6 (15 Jul 44) POLICY RE EMPLOYMENT OF PRISONERS
OF WAR 7/ITHIN MILITARY DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
15 July 1944

1. (MURAL.

Pursuant to instructions contained in Memorandum 3PWPM 3£3.6
(27 Jun 44). Hq., MDW, dated 27 June 1944, subject "Utilization
of Prisoners of War and/or Italian Service Units within Geographical
Limits of M M " , addressed to the Deputy Chief of Staff, War Depart­ ment, as amended 14 July 19A4, authority has been granted to permit
the employment of prisoners of war within the Military District of
Washington on temporary civilian projects of a limited duration,
such as harvesting crops, etc. This does not permit use of, nor
the housing of prisoners of war on posts, camps or stations of the
Military District of Washington.
2. PROHIBITED AREA*
Prisoners of war under no circumstances will be employed within the
geographical limits of the District of Columbia, or that portion of
Arlington County, Virginia, adjacent to The Pentagon or National Air­ port; nor will prisoners of war be permitted to visit within this
area for sightseeing or other recreational purposes*
3. ADMINISTRATION. SECURITY. SUPPLY. ETC.
The Commanding General, Third Service Command, is responsible for
the administration, health, security, transportation, supply and
utilization of the prisoners of war furnished by the Third Service
Command for employment on approved projects within the geographical
limits of the Military District of Washington.
4. PROCEDURE FOR PROCURING SSRVlCnS OF PRISONERS QF WAIU
a. Civilian organizations or individuals desiring use of prisoners
of war will be advised to address all correspondence pertaining to,
or applications for use of prisoners of war, direct to the Commanding
General, Third Service Command, U. S. Post Office Building, Baltimore,
Maryland*

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b. Applicants should also be advised that the Commanding General
Third Service Command, determines:
(1) Availability of prisoners of war for the requested project.
(2) Whether the proposed labor project Is appropriate for the
employment of prisoners of war.
(3) Terms of the contract to be agreed to and signed by the
using agency.
(4) All policies re the housing, feeding, transportation,
utilization and security of the prisoners of war.
5. INFORMATION TO BS FURNISHED HQ.. SOLITARY DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON.
Prior to the movement of any prisoners of war into the geographical
limits of the Military District of Washington, The Commanding General,
Third Service Command, will furnish the Commanding General, Military
District of Washington, Information as to the location of the pro­ ject, number of prisoners to be employed, location of prisoners*
billets, date and duration of project. This is to prevent any con­ flict with security regulations peculiar to this area; also for the
information of interested War Department agencies.
6. ASSISTANCE TO BE KBNDlftSD. BY HQ.. MILITARY DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON.
A. Headquarters, Military District of Washington, will assist the
Third Service Command, when necessary, or when it is to the best
interests of the Government, by furnishing subsistence, tentage,
and other available supplies and equipment for prisoners of war
labor projects located within the Military District of Washington,
B. The Military District of Washington will |jot furnish any personnel
in connection with the utilization or security of such prisoners
of war as may be employed within the Military District of Wash­ ington*
C. Headquarters, Military District of Washington, will not initiate
any action in connection with the procuring of increased quotas
of prisoners of war for civilian projects located within the
geographical limits of the Military District of Washington; nor
will this headquarters attempt in any way to have- Headquarters,
Third Service Command, allot certain quotas for utilization with^­ in the Military District of Washington.
By command of Major General IM1S:
/s/ Clifton A. Britchett
Colonel, GSC
Chief of Staff

COPT

NAVT 7ASHINGTON

Serial No. 192313 0p-13A/eah 29 June 1944

From: To: Subject:

Secretary of the Navy. All Bureaus, Boards and Offices, Navy Department. Commandants all Naval Districts and Navy Yards. Prisoners of War - use of.

1. Naval shore establishments must be prepared to face increasing loss of all types of civilian personnel due to greater demands for combat duty.
Particularly critical is the further depletion of unskilled labor, which is com­ pletely vulnerable to Selective Service and which through training is moving
into the skilled occupations. Due to the physical requirements of many unskilled
jobs, it is not feasible in such cases to employ women as replacements. It
is desired, when practical, to meet this growing shortage of man power by the
employment of prisoners of war.
2. By letter, dated 15 May 1944, the Secretary of War has expressed
concurrence in and approval of the use of available prisoners of war by the Navy.
The Assistant Provost Marshal General toar Department has stated that prisoners of
war will be provided where available, on request, by the Commanding General of
the Army Service Command of the area in which the requesting activity is located.
Administrative control, including court-martial jurisdiction, as set forth in
Prisoner of War Circular No. 1, dated 24 September 1943, Regulations governing
Prisoners of War, and other Circulars thereunder will be retained by the Commanding
General of the Service Command, who shall also have the right of inspection by
his representatives. The Naval activity to which the prisoners might be assigned
will have military control during period of employment. The Commanding General of
the Army Service Command will provide guard personnel in sufficient numbers to
provide reasonable security against escape from the prisoner of war camp. The
using service will provide guards for work details. For greater security, the
using activity will have to provide additional guards. Hospitalization of
prisoners of war working for the Navy will be the responsibility of the Navy,
excepting, however, in cases where prolonged hospitalization is necessary, a
prisoner of war will be returned to the Service Command.
3. Prisoners of war can be employed on essential skilled and unskilled
work of the types permitted by the Geneva Convention. Essential aork is that
which would have to be done whether or not there were any available prisoners
of war. This does not include personal services of any nature for officers or
enlisted personnel. Prisoners of war cannot be employed on work directly
contributing to the war effort nor on work that is unhealthful or dangerous.
Security considerations dictate that they should not be used in locations
or on work where they could secure classified information or have an opportunity
to commit acts of sabotage. The Army has found prisoners of war useful in
handling stores, repairing rnotor vehicles, in laundries, as cooks and messmen,
and in the essential upkeep of buildings and grounds.

Prisoners of war can be utilized:
(1) For displacing troops
(2) Generally speaking, prisoners of war will not be utilized in lieu
of civilians in military establishments in surplus labor areas. However, they
may be employed at such military establishments, as veil as establishments in
areas of general shortages of labor when
(a) Civilians cannot be employed because:
1. they are unavailable (manpower shortage areas).
2. The civilian allotment authorized for that installation is
exhausted,
3. Thero are no appropriated funds to pay civilians.
(Ref.) Prisoner of iar Circular No. 24, dated 24 April 44 Employment of
prisoners of war on apid work at military installations.
(Ref.) Prisoner of ;.rar Circular No. 1, dated 24 September 43. Regulations
governing prisoners of war.
4. In view of the growing shortage of man power, it is directed that
addressees give thorough consideration to the utilization of prisoners of war
in each of their cognizant shore establishments subject to the considerations
of paragraphs 2 and 3 and to the following statements of policy:
(a) Jurisdiction involving such matters as security, housing, feeding, and
liaison with the Army will be vested in the Commandant of the Naval District
containing the agency requesting assignment of prisoners.
(b) Prisoners of war will be used only in critical labor areas or where it
is apparent to all that civilian labor will not be displaced.
5. Request for assignment of prisoners for a shore establishment will
be forwarded by the requesting agency via the Commandant of the Naval District
containing the requesting agency who shall forward it with appropriate recommendation
to the Assistant oecretary of the Navy, via the Bureau or Office having cognizance
of the requesting agency, and via the Chief of Naval Operations. The request
should indicate the number of prisoners desired, the naval activity in which
their use is proposed, the ty;>e of work, the housing and security facilities
available or the necessity for provision therefor. The Chief of Naval Operations
will approve the use of prisoners from the standpoint of geographical location
and security. The Assistant Secretary of the Navy will approve or deny the
request from the standpoint of labor utilization policy, and will endorse the
request, if approved, to the Commanding General of the Army Service Command of
the Area in which the requesting agency is located with request that the requesting
agency be informed. If the request is denied it will be returned to the
cognizant Bureau or Office.
CC:Asst. Provost Marshal General i / / a r Dept. (25 copies).
(Signed) F0RRE3TAL

office of the Commanding General
.Washington 25, j. j.
SPLIGO (6) 250.45 16 February 1945.

Legation of 3vdtserland,
department of German Interests,
1439 uassacnusetts Avenue, k, . ; . ,
.-nashirigton, u. C.
Gentlemen:
The Provost 1 arshal General has directed that I inform you
tnat the Commanding General, hdnth Service Command, fort jouglas, Utah,
has notified this office of the time ana place of the trial by court-
martial of the following named prisoner of war upon charge ana specifi­ cation set out below. This notification is sent airectly to the
Legation and a copy has been forwarded to the Special , , a r Problems
Division, Department of otate. This notification is given pursuant to
Article 60 of the Geneva convention, as follows:
j a r .
a. frame and Rank of Prisoner of . Gunter Hintz, 7<JG 22721, Gbergefreiter.
b. Place of imprisonment.
Prisoner of ,ar Camp, Papago Park, Phoenix, Arizona. c. Charge and specification. Charge: Violation of the 96th Article of ,uar, which pro­ vides: "Though not mentioned in these articles, all
disorders and neglects to the prejudice of good order and
military discipline, all conauct of a nature to bring
discredit upon the military service, and all crimes or
offenses not capital, of wttich persons subject to military
law may be guilty, shall be taken cognizance of by a
general or special or summary court-martial, according to
the nature and degree of the offense, and punished at the
discretion of such court."
, a r Gunter Hintz,
Specification: In that prisoner of , Prisoner of , ^ a r Company ,?6, Prisoner of war Camp, i-apago
Park, Phoenix, Arizona, did, at Phoenix, Arizona, on or
about February 1, 1945, wrongfully take and use without
consent of the owner a certain automobile; to-wit, a 1942
i e gist rat ion 1944 - { ~ J § 3131
Dodge DeLuxe Sedan, California _ property of oeymour rtubin, of a value of more than
^50.00.

SP1TG0 (6) 250.45
16 February 1945
Continued ­ d. Time and Place of Trial.
This case has been referred for trial to a general court-
martial at Prisoner of / * a r Camp, Papago park, Phoenix,
Arizona, and the date of trial has been fixed for 19 larch
1945, 0900.
The regularly appointed defense counsel and assistant defense
counsel of the court are, respectively, Captain Henry Averill, CMP,
0476387, and First Lieutenant Julian 0. P. Codina, INF, 0414729. Addi­ tional officers qualified to present the defense are (japtain George x.
Childers, INF, 0385461, and First Lieutenant Gerald P. Dudley, CAC,
0280785.
It is respectfully requested that a copy of the following form
of acknowledgment of receipt of this notification be dated and signed by
a representative of the Legation of Switzerland, Department of German
Interests, and immediately returned to The Provost Liarshal General's
Office to be filed in the court-martial proceedings, in order that the
court-martial records will disclose that proper notice has been given to
the Protecting Povrer under Article 60 of the Geneva Convention Relative
to the Treatment of Prisoners of ,/ar.
Sincerely yours,

A. M. TOLLEFSON,
Colonel, CM.P.,
Director, Prisoner of ^
Operations Division.

AGKNO.iiLSDGafflUT OF RECEIPT
This will acknowledge receipt of the within letter of notifi­ cation of the place and date of trial of Gunter Hintz, by general court-
martial, at Prisoner of , i f a r Camp, Papago Park, Phoenix, Arizona, on 19
March 1945, 0900, and of the charge and specification against him. Good
and sufficient notice at least three weeks before the opening of the
trial as provided by Article 60 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the
Treatment of Prisoners of war is hereby acknowledged.
Dated February 1945.

Legation of Switzerland,
Department of German Interests,

ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Office of the Commanding General
'Washington 25, D. C.
SPMGO (6) 250.45 1 harch 1945

SUBJECT: TO:

General Court-Martial Trial of German Prisoner of , ^ a r Gunter Hintz. Commanding General Ninth Service Command Fort Douglas, Utah

1, The original and true copy of acknowledgment of receipt of noti­ fication of the time and place of the trial by general court-martial of
the above-named prisoner of war are inclosed.
2. The Legation of Switzerland has requested that the accused
prisoner of war in this case be informed, in conformity with Article 62
of the Geneva Convention, that he is entitled to assistance by a quali­ fied counsel of his choice and that f i e may have recourse to the services
of a competent interpreter.
3« The Judge Advocate General's uffice has prepared a form entitled
"Check List for hecords of Trial of prisoners of ;yar by General Court-
Martial, as to Compliance with the Geneva uonvention," and has requested
this office to distribute a copy thereof at the time of returning the
acknowledgment of receipt of notification executed by the protecting power
in each general court-martial case. Accordingly, there is inclosed a copy
of the check list to be attached to the original record and to be filled
in where indicated by the trial judge advocate and the staff judge advocate.
As stated in the directions on the inclosed form, it is to be used in ad­ dition to, but not in lieu of, » V D AGO Form 116, General Court-kartial Data
Sheet.
4. The sentence, if any, imposed upon this defendant, and action
thereon by the reviewing authority,, should be communicated to this office
in order that the protecting power may ba informed, A copy of the court-
martial record in this case should also be forwarded to this office.
BY C0ML-1AND OF LIEUTENANT GENERAL SOMSRVELL:

ncls as stated

A. M. TOLLEFSON
Colonel, CMP, Director
Prisoner of «ar Operations L/ivision
Provost marshal General1s Office

ARMY SERVICE FORCES
Office of the Commanding General
Washington 25, D. C.

SPLJGO (6) 250.45

14 April 1945

Special v i / a r Problems Division
Department of State
501 17th Street, N. , V .
Washington 25, D. C.
Gentlemen:
Reference is made to the general court-martial trial of
Prisoner of iar Gunter Hintz at Prisoner of « / a r Camp Papago
Park, Phoenix, Arizona. Notice of this trial was given to
the Legation of Switzerland, Department of German Interests,
by letter SPMGO (6) 250.45 dated 16 February 1945, copy of
which was sent to your Division. The trial was on the charge
and specification of wrongfully taking and using an automobile
without the consent of the owner.
At the trial, the court found the prisoner guilty of the
charge and of the specification and sentenced the accused to
forfeit all pay and allowances due or to become due and to be
confined at hard labor at such place as the reviewing authority
may direct for five years. The sentence was approved by the
reviewing authority to the extent that it provided for the
confinement at hard labor for five years. The United States
Disciplinary Barracks, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, was designated
as the place of confinement.
it is requested that this information be forwarded to the
Legation of Switzerland, Department of German Interests.
Sincerely yours,

STEPHEN M. FARRAND
Major, CfcP
Prisoner of , j a r Operations Division
Provost Larshal General's Office

C O P Y

28 July 19ii5

Honorable Paul V. McNutt, Chairman War Manpower Commission "Tashington, D. C. Dear Mr. McNutt:
There are presently in the United States some 1+00,000 German
and Italian prisoners of war. Those available for work are engaged on
military, naval, industrial and agricultural projects. It is the in­ tention of the "ar Department to return to Europe at the earliest prac­ ticable moment all German and Italian prisoners of war.
It is requested that through the United States Employment Ser­ vice and other agencies under your jurisdiction, you urge upon all in­ dustrial employers of prisoner of war labor the necessity of immediate
action on their part looking toward replacing prisoners of war with free
labor. State and federal employment agencies and veterans' organizations
can be of great assistance in guiding employees released by industrial
cut-backs and discharged military personnel into agricultural and peace­ time industrial jobs. A similar letter is being sent to the Secretary
of Agriculture requesting that he advise agricultural users of prisoner
of war labor.
Sincerely yours,
(Signed) ROBERT P. PATTERSON

Robert P. Patterson
Acting Secretary of Tfar

C O P Y

C O P Y

28 July

The Honorable,
The Secretary of Agriculture
Dear Mr. Secretary:
There are presently in the United States some 1*00,000 German
and Italian prisoners of war. Those available for work are engaged on
military, naval, industrial and agricultural projects. It is the in­ tention of the Viar Department to return to Europe at the earliest prac­ ticable moment all German and Italian prisoners of ?/ar.
It is requested that through the agencies under your jurisdic­ tion, you urge upon all agricultural employers of prisoner of war labor
the necessity of immediate action on their part looking toward replacing
prisoners of war with free labor. State and federal employment agencies
and veterans' organizations can be of great assistance in guiding em­ ployees released by industrial cut-backs and discharged military per­ sonnel into agricultural and peacetime industrial jobs. A similar letter
is being sent to the Chairman of the lav Manpower Commission requesting
that he advise industrial users of prisoner of war labor-
Sincerely yours,
(Signed) ROBERT P. PATTERSON

Robert P. Patterson
Acting Secretary of "War

C O P Y

ADDRESS REPLY TO: THE CQMMAKDAMD, U.S. DISCIPLINARY BARRACKS, IDRT LSAVELfv/ORTE, KANSAS*

UUITED STATES DISCIPLINARY BAHRACKS
OFFICE OF THE OOMMAUDAUT In Reply Refer to:
WSB-2

?ort

Leavenworth, Kansas

27 August 1945.
SUBJECT: TO Executions of Prisoners of War

: The Provost Marshal General,
War Department,
Washington 251 D. C.
The last seven German Prisoners of War were executed here &t
Disciplinary Barr&cks "between the hours of 0001 and 0300,
1945. This completes the Prisoners of War who were awaiting
here.
There is inclosed:

1. The U. S. 25 August execution 2.

a. A radio talk by Gene Dennis over KMBC, Kansas City, given
over the radio 0745 to 0800, 25 August 1945. He impressed me as the only
outside spectator whof in his write-up, demonstrated that he saw beyond
the material side of these executions and I think therefor it is a master­ piece on the subject.
b. A talk given by me to the remaining 105 German Prisoners of
War here at the Disciplinary Barracks. This was given because I realised
that these men were in a disturbed i*entnl state, it having suddenly been
brought to their attention that Americans could -J.ao carry out what they
felt was their duty. Befors this, they had assumed the attitude which at
times showed a lack of respect. Now they do not seem to be the type thpt
thinks that they, in their own minds, are still supreme. In fact, the
effect on the entire population has been anything but bad.
c. Photographs of the funeral given thes© last seven men. Photo­ graphs of the two recently executed, Gauss and Straub, were given to
Colonel Tollefson on his visit here.
/signed/ William S. Eley
WILLIAM S. E M ,
Colonel, Infantry,
Commandant.

3 Incls: Incl #1 - Radio talk Incl #2 - Talk to population.
# € 3 - Photographs.
Incl -

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Delivered Sunday, 26 August 1945,
at 1045.
Y

German Prisoners of War,
Population, U.S.D.B.
I stand before you, a professional soldier of this country, having carried out orders
of the President of the United States, having seen some of your comrades die and having
seen them "buried here on this reservation. There are no more here awaiting such action at
as time.
I wish to bring before you, for your attention and, I hope, for your help, certain
basic principles of our life here in this country. First, we beleive that a man is enti­ tled to a trial by a properly appointed Court of his peers. That, no matter what he thinks,
he cannot himself punish another for a different belief. In the past, and especially
during the last few years of struggle, we have come to feel that the lack of consideration
of others was probably your greatest weakness. I respect your attitude and courage as
soldiers, I disagree entirely with your belief that others may not have an ideal as great
as strong as yours. I feel that I uphold an honor as great as any you have attempted
to uphold. Many of your comrades have given their lives for their ideals just as many of
ray comrades have also given their lives for their ideals. It is for those of you who must
continue to live here that I am trying to make my thoughts known to you. Whatever you may
think and beleive, you must now learn to have a regard for the laws of this land under
which you now find your selves. All of these men whose mortal bodies have given up their
souls here took the lives of others of your Army because they alone thought that they
were right. Whether or not you approved of these other men, our laws would not permit a
man, or men, to take such lives at will. Any offenders, we hold, must be tried before
authorized Courts of this land. Throughout past years, many of the best men of Surope
have come to this country and have become citizens of the tJnited States of America. Many
of your comrades here now in your same situation will someday try to return to this
country, not because we have tried to persuade them, but because they have realized that
our ideals and way of life in this country may be worth while.
Again as a professional soldier, I give all credit to that courage of your men

which carried them to their death as men.

I treated them like men said I stood as a

soldier to see them die as soldiers. New, for you that live and remain here, I
intend to so consider you soldiers in confinement as I have attempted to demonstrate
in the past with everyone here* I can assure you that as long as I an here, I will

strive to see that you are given that consideration which is due you; and I expect
that you return towards me and my subordinates that respect which you, in your own
heart, must realize is due us* In your work, I shall demand efficiency and atten­

tion which I know you can give. In your attitude, I shall demand respect and un­ questioned obedience which I know you can give* Then, in your continued life here,
I shall expect to treat you, and have you return respect, as one man to another
under the conditions we now find ourselves, I as the Commandant and you as a prisoner
here* Only with that understanding can we hope to live under this strained existence,

and strive to someday bring all man here back in the best mental attitude to some
society in which they must then exist*

/signed/ V. B. Bley
WILLIAM S. ELIOY,
Colonelt Infant?/",
Commandant*

In the matter of

Interned Enemy Alien, ORDER
It appearing that the above-named enemy alien was interned by
order of the Commanding General,
; that he was sent to the United States
for internment; that the Commanding General, after reconsideration, has
recommended that the internee be released from internment upon the con­ dition that he be excluded from the Territory of for the dura­ tion of the War; that the Director, Alien Enemy Control Unit, Department
of Justice, Washington, D. C , concurred in the recommendation of the
parole of the internee; and that the internee should be paroled; NOW
THEREFORE:
IT IS ORDERED that said order of internment be, and the same hereby
is vacated and set aside; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED that this enemy alien be paroled under the general
supervision of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; that such
parole be accomplished in the same manner as paroles for those interned
by the Department of Justice; that the parole is conditioned upon the
execution of and compliance with the sponsor and parolee's agreement
provided by the Immigration and Naturalization Service; that it is made
a condition of the parole that the internee not return to the Territory
prior to the termination of the war; that the parole under
Of any other conditions or the release of this enemy alien will be effected
only by order of a competent representative of the War Department; that
the War Department may revoke this parole upon its own initiative and
will also revoke this parole upon the recommendation of the Department oi
Justice*
For The Provost Marshal General:

B. M. BRYAN,
Brigadier General,
Assistant Provost Marshal General,

P.M.G. Form 081 (17 Nov 44)

HEADQUARTERS HTY SERVICE FORCES
Office of The Provost Marshal General
Fashington 25, D. C.
In the Matter of
Former resident of Territory of
Hawaii. Interned by order of
Commanding General, U, SB Army
Forces, Central Pacific Area
(formerly Hawaiian Department)*
O R D E R
It appearing that the above-named enemy alien was interned by an order
of the above mentioned Commanding General; that the Commanding General, after
reconsideration, has recommended that this internee be paroled to enter a War
Relocation Authority Project; that the Immigration and Naturalization Service,
has agreed to sponsor this parole f i n d in co-operation with the T^rar Relocation
Authority to supervise the sane upon the conditions sot forth below; and that
this internee should be paroled; Vfwf THEREFORE:
IT IS ORDERED that said order of internment be, and the same hereby is
vacated and set aside; and it is
FURTHER ORDERED that this internee be paroled to the Immigration and
Naturalization Service, Department of Justice, upon the following conditions:
1« That he be paroled under the general supervision of the Immigration
and Naturalization Service;
2. That he enter such r'ar Relocation Project as shall be designated
by the 7 / a r Relocation Authority;
3. That he shall not leave Fuch yiar Relocation Project during the
period of this parole.
U. That the alien shall not return tn the Territory where he was
ordered interned until the termination of the war, and in any event not until
expressly authorized to do so by or with the consent of the TrTar Department.
5. That the ^ar Department may revoke this parole unon its own initia­ tive and may also revoke the same upon the recommendation of the Department
of Justice or the Ytar Relocation Authority.
For The Provost Marshal General:

B. M. Bryan,
Brigadier General,
Assistant Provost Marshal General.

"ABIT SERVICE FORCES
Office of The Provost Marshal General
Washington 25, D. G.
In the Matter of
Former resident of Territory of
. Interned by order of
Commanding General,
O R D E R
It appearing that the above-named enemy alien was interned by an
order of the above mentioned Commanding General; that the Commanding Gen­ eral, after reconsideration, has recommended that this Jnternee be paroled
to enter a Wp.r Relocation Avithority Project; that thp Director, Alien
Enemy Control Unit, Department of Justice, Washington, D. C , has concurred
in the recommendation of parole; that the Immigration a . n d Naturalization
Service, has agreed to sponsor this parole and in co-operation with the
1 / T a r Relocation Authority to supervise the same upon the conditions set
forth below; and that this internee should be paroled; NOW, THEREFORE:
IT IS ORDERED that said order of internment be, and the sane hereby
is vacated and set aside; p . n d it is
FURTHER ORDERED that this internee be paroled to the Immigration and
Naturalization Service, Department of Justice, upon the following conditions:
1. Tha.t he be paroled under the general supervision of the
Immigration and Naturalization Service;

r T 2. That he enter such T a . r Relocation Project as shall be designated
by the Tfar Relocation Authority;

3« That he shall not leave ?uch T7ar Relocation Project either alone
or with members of his family until the Wrr Relocation Authority has
coropletod. arrangements for his relocation or outside employment end
furthermore he shall not leave such Project until the Immigration and
Naturalization Service has arranged for the satisfactory supervision of
his parole and has notified the Tar Relocation Authority to that effoct;
4. That the a.lien shall not return to the Territory where he was
ordered interned until the termination of the war, and in a . n y event not
until expressly authorized to do so by or with the consent of the T7ar
Department.
5. That the "Tar Department may revoke this pf.rple upon its own
initiative end may also revoke the sane unon the recommendation of the
Department of Justice or the n ar Relocation Authority.
For The Provost Marshal General:

B. M. Bryrn,
Brigadier General,
Assistant Provort Marshal General.

HEAD• JJAKTrJftS 'YlY. S.OTIC2 F3RCJ.S
Office of The Provest Marshal G-neral
Washington 25, D. C.
Date Far Relocation Authority, Immigration and Naturalization Service Bar Building, Deu-^rtmc-nt of Justice, Washington, D. C. Subject: Parole of Internee GGntlomen: The Coniraanding General, has recommended the parole to
Immigration and Naturalization Service of tho abovG-namod internee,
who is presently in the custody of thc» Department of Justice, for the
purpose of entering a V.'ar Relocation Project.
The Director, Alien Enemy Control Unit, Washington, D. C.
has reviewed tho file and concurs in tho recommendation.
Thin office concurs in thf. recommendation ans has executed ?n
order of parolo, a signed copj'1 of v;hich is attached.
The parolo will bo mede effective subject'to the conditions
stated in the attached pr.role order. The orroled internee shrll not
leave a War Relocation Authority Center either alone or with members of
his family until War Relocation Authority has completed arrangements for
his relocation or outside employment, &nc : urtnermore until the Lumigra­ tion ?nd Naturalization Service, Do'orrtment of Justice, has arranged for
the satisfactory'' suporvision^of his prrole ^nd h^s notified ?rar Relocation
Authority to that effect. T7hen F.?r Relocation Authority h=?s completed
arrangements for his relocation or outside employment and the paroled
internee is about to leave or h?.s It ft the Cmtor, V- r Relocation Authority
will inform this Office in writing, giving t!r- intended destination and
the drto of leaving the oroject. Thereafter, the responsibility for main­ taining supervision of the- prrolcd internee will rest with the Immigration
rnd Naturalization Service in the s-m< .manner as for Dursons paroled by
order of the Attorney General.
Should information cor/>r into th:. nospeg'sion of the T-rar Deprrtment
indicating thrt the parole should nr>t }rvc b'.en gr^nt? d, or should the
paroled internee by his actions indicate th.-'t he wrs improperly paroled,
then upon tho initiative of The Provost Horr.hr.l General or upon the recommen­ dation of tho Department of Justice or ''Tor Relocation Authority the- parole may
be revoked -nd tho internee transferred beck to tho Department of Justice for
placement in an internment oamp.
Sincerely yours,
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

B. M. Bryah,
Brigadier General,
Assist v nt Provost Marshal General
Inclosure:
Sgd. order of parole
1 to I£-NS; 2 to HRA.

COFT

IMMEDIATE ACTION

SPMGA 2 5 3 . 5 ( 5 5 )

,
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12 October 1944

SUBJECT: Employment of Prisoners of VJar During the Winter Season.

TO:

Coxrunanding General , Ninth Service Command, Building 99, Fort Douglas, Utah.

(Letter sent to C.G. each Service Command.)

1. A gratifyingly high level of employment of prisoners of was has been
maintained throughout the summer. During this period many thousands of new
prisoners have been received and placed in employment in the United States,
This labor has played an important part in the production of forest products and
in the agricultural and food processing industries. Military installations have
greatly increased their usar;e of this labor on essential projects.
2. Thousands of additional prisoners are expected within the next few
months. Maximum utilization of all prisoners must be made at all times to
relieve manpower shortages in military and civilian employment. The immediate
problem is the planning and organization of work for prisoners during the winter
months.
3» In planning a work program for the late fall and winter months
continued emphasis should be placed on the performance of necessary work which
has been defined by General oomervell as "that which would have to be done
whether prisoners were available or not." (See letter, this headquarters,
6 May 1944> subject, "4nployment of Prisoners of . \ a r During Peak Agricultural
and Food Processing Season.11) Priority of work projects is established in
that letter,
4, The pressure to make a creditable showing on prisoner of war employment
may lead to bad prisoner employment practices and every e.ifort must be made
to prevent such practices. Among those malpractices are: over-staffing of work
details; made-work which is not necessary for the proper maintenance of military
establishments; and the assignment of inalingerers and other unsatisfactory
workers to v/ork projects. Prisoners will not be employed primarily to provide
themtfitha means to earn money. Government funds must not be expended
unnecessarily.
5. The following measures should be initiated in your service command:

a. Assign to Priority I work as n&ny prisoners as it may require.
Surveys of military installations made in your service cojumand during the spring
and summer should be brought up to date by the re-examination of all necessary
work now being done b . y military and civilian personnel but which might be
done by prisoners. Increased use of prisoners of war must be carefully con­ sidered in the following activities:
(1) Essential work at posts being de-activated and closed.
(2) Classification of clothing and equipment, including repair
and salvage activities. Ail i t e i i i s which can be returned to
active use are vitally needed.

COPY

(3) Necessary repair and maintenance of buildings, grounds and
utilities.
b. Service Command and prisoner of war camp labor oificers should
confer vYith representatives of the V/ar Manpower Commission and the -ar Food
Administration (State Extension Service and County Agents) and explore all
possibilities for 4the use of prisoners on Priority II work throughout the winter
months,
c. Many posts until this period. Such and undertaken with such Priority II v;ork demands have useful Priority III v/ork which has been postponed
projects should be arranged in order of usefulness
surplus labor as may remain after Priority I and
have been met.

d. Car3fill exercise of staff supervision by your headquarters over
prisoner of war employment to assure maximum employment and the absence of
the malpractices described in paragraph k, above.
6. Prisoners of war will be with us for an indefinite period, and, under
the policies of the Jar Department, employable prisoners must be used to the
fullest extent in all areas of continental United States where they are needed
for essential labor. Service Command, post and prisoner of war camp headquarters
are better organiz d than ever to handle prisoners but, as more prisoners are
received and more v;ork is undertaken, more officers will be needed. Qualified
and efficient men, properly trained for their duties, a: e required to administer
the program.
By command of Lieutenant General 5C1SRVELL:
/s/Joseph F. Battley
JOdJSPi; F. BArTLKI,
Brigadier General, U.S.A.
Deputy Chief of Staff for
Service Commands

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
WASHINGTON 25, D. C.

WAR DEPARTMENT
OFFICE OF THE UNDER SECRETARY
Washington 25, D. C.

4 August 1944

MEMORANDUM FOR GENERAL SCM5RVELL
Difficulties in handling German prisoners of war
in the United States will increase as large shipments to this
country continue* In spite of the importance of this task

other more pressing demands will probably result in a low
priority being assigned to the procurement of military personnel
for this work* This makes it all the more important that every

step possible be taken to educate these men for their specialized
jobs.
I know that you are fully aware of this problem. I
would like to be advised of the steps to be taken to meet it*

/s/ Robert F. Patterson

ROBERT P. PATTERSON
Under Secretary of TVar

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MQIORANDU&i for The Under Secretary of War
Subject: Prisoners of War

The problem which you mentioned in your raen&orandum
lo of k August 1944 has been carefully analyzed to ascertain what
further steps can be taken to educate the personnel assigned to
prisoner of war camps,
2* A three weeks course is being established at the
P. M* G. School for officers assigned to prisoner of war camp
duties* (See attached sp proved memorandum). These trained
officers ill be supplied material with which to operate a
troop school upon returning to the prisoner of war camp to
which they are permanently assigned,
3* As far as possible, trained Corps of Military Police
officers are being assigned to prisoner of war camps to handle
the large increment of German prisoners of war now being re­ ceived in the continental United States.
4» It is believed that the steps which have been taken in
this matter will be adequate*

BREHON SCMERVELL
Lieutenant General, U* S. A.,
Commanding

1 Incl. Copy of approved memorandum C 0 P Y

Inclosure No* 1

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I_ WAE DEPARTMENT GM3SHA1 STAFF D I S P O S I T I O N FORM

CLASSIFICATION ( i f any)

PILE NO, 383.6 Pay(29 Jun 46) TO PMGO feOM

SUBJECT Redaction in pay and allowances of prisoners of War in United States Custody* (k-l DATE 16 J u l y 1945 C O M M E N T NO, 1 MaJ Brown/73528/ end

For i n f o r m a t i o n and any n e c e s s a r y a c t i o n i n connection w i t h Tab B i n t h e l i g h t of a p p r o v a l "by t h e Deputy Chief of S t a f f of t h e recoamendation c o n t a i n e d i n p a r a g r a p h 5 of a t t a c h e d Summary Sheet* FOR THE ASSISTANT CHIEF OF STAFF, GL1: / s i g n e d / D» J . Rogers Lt» Col* G*S«C» A s s i s t a n t ISxecutive Incls D/S fr D*0 of S to U S V 3 Jul 45 SSf r GUI 29 Jun 45 w/incls

W A R KEPiRTMEHT SUMMARY SHEET Fold over papers and c l i p TQ 1 AS/W &-1 2 G*2 G-3 CU4 ~ K)R 2 OPD CHIEF OP STAFF 1 SECRETARY Qg WAR APPROVAL "IF O f f i c e o f P r e p a r a t i o n
SIGNATURE R WDGS.G-1
COMMOT! OR 0 Grade-Surname-Phone
CONCURRENCE M MaJ Brown/? 3 5 2 8 / v k

F i l e No, W D G A P 383.6 Pay
fc

Subject

~ ~~ Reduction in pay and Allowances of

Date 29 June 1945

Prisoners of W a r in United States Custody

SUMMARY 1* The P r o v o s t Marshal General recommends (Tab A) t h a t t h e m o n t h l y a l l o w a n c e s f o r officer prisoners of war (exclusive of Japanese officers and members of Italian Service Units) be reduced from the present rates of $20 to $40 per month, dependent upon the grade held, to a uniform monthly rate of $5, regardless of grade. The Commanding Gen­ eral, European Theater of Operations, likewise recommends a reduction in the allowances paid to officer prisoners of war, the reduced rate to be determined by the theater com­ mander (CM-IN 20937, 22 June 1945), and further states that he contemplates reducing pay for labor to $ .25 per day from the present rate of $ .80 per day. 2. Article 23 of the Geneva Prisoners of W a r Convention (Tab B) provides that the detaining power should pay officer prisoners of war in i t s custody their usual salaries, up to the amounts paid en officer of equivalent rank in the Army of the detaining Power. This Government has not followed the letter of the Convention in this respect but has pomplied with i t s spirit by paying German and Italian officer prisoners of war in i t s custody monthly allowances of $20 to $40 according to rank* This procedure was con­ sidered reasonable and Just, as being one which provided the officers concerned with sufficient money to cover their out-of-pocket expenses. 3# The rate of $ .80 per day for labor by the individual prisoner was established at the beginning of the war, pursuant to Article 34 of the Geneva Convention (TabC), which provides that prisoners of war engaged in labor, in the absence of an agreement between the belligerents establishing their pay, shall be paid for work done for the de­ taining power in accordance with the rates in force for soldiers of the detaining power doing similar work or, i f no such rates exist, according to a rate Min harmony with the work performed." Italy and Germany were appropriately notified of the action taken by this Government in connection with allowances and pay for labor as set forth above* 4# In the opinion of the Personnel Division, the reduction of these allowances to a flat rate of $5 to all officers regardless of grade cannot be justified under the Con*­ ventiori and the reduction in prisoner 1 s pay for labor to $ .25 per day would represent such a departure from i t s provisions as to constitute a violation thereof* With the German and Italian enemies both defeated, action at this time to reduce these allowances and pay for labor could be construed only as a petty form of reprisal on the prisoners concerned, and at variance with the position taken by the United States throughout the war. It i s considered that such action i s inappropriate, of questionable legality and policy, and may subject this Government to Justifiable criticism. So long as these personnel remain in a prisoner status, i t U considered that their treatment should be in harmony with the principles of the Geneva Convention, under which they were treated during the war*

5. It is recommended (a) that there "be no reduction either in the monthly
allowances or in the daily wage for labor now paid to German and Italian prisoners of
war in United States custody, and (b) that this file "be returned to the Personnel
Division for necessary further action.
COOKDIMPION
6» Department of State (Mr. Bailey, Assistant Chief, Special War Problems
Division) has informally expressed concurrence*
7. JAG (Colonel King, Chief, International Law Division) has informally ex­ pressed the view that the proposed reductions ©-re illegal under the Convention*
8, Assistant Secretary of War ( ) concurs.

/signed/ S. G. Henry

S. G. HENET Major General, G. S» C. Assistant Chief of Staff, &-1

Incls Memo for AC/S, G~l fr PMG, 20 Jun 45 (Tab A ) , w/incl
Ta"bs B and C

IJ02ED-DEPUTY CHIEF OP STAFF /s/ W E T JUL 12 1945 Approved By order of the Secretary of War THOS. T, HANDY Deputy Chief o f Staff

/ s / V/# E. Thurman By W.W.THOHMAN Lt.Col G.S.C., A s s t . to t h e Deputy Chief of Staff

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ARMY SERVICE FORCES 0PFIC2 OF THE COMMANDING GE££SRAL

Washington 25, D. C.
SPMGH 383.6 20 June 1946

THRU: Commanding General* Army Service Forces
MEMORANDUM FOE THE ASSISTANT CHIEF OF STAFF, OWL, WDGS
SUBJECT: DISCUSSION
1. The attached draft of proposed changes in regulations has
been prepared to replace instructions contained in TM 19-500, 20 .April
1945, insofar as monthly allowances to German and Italian officer pris­ oners of war are concerned.
2. Allowances to officer prisoners of war (exclusive of Japanese
officers) vary from $20 to $40 per month, dependent upon the grade held.
The proposed changes will discontinue allowances on this basis, and fix
the monthly rate of $5.00, regardless of grade, effective 1 August 1945.
RECOMMENDATION
That the proposed drsi"t be published immediately as a War Depart­ ment Letter.
FOR THE COMMANDING GENERAi:
/signed/ B."M. Bryan
3. M. BRYAN, Brig Gen, USA
Acting The Provost Marshal General
Monthly Allowances to German and Italian Officer Prisoners
of War

1 inci Proposed Draft

SUBJECT; Monthly Allowances to Officer Prisoners of War
TO:

1* Pending publication of changes to paragraph 8, Chapter 4,
Finance, TM 19-500, 20 . f i p r i l 1945, so Much of that paragraph per­ taining to monthly allowances paid to German and Italian officer
prisoners of war is amended as follows:
a. Effective 1 August 1945 German and Italian officer prie­ oners of war of all grades will " b e paid a monthly allowance of $5*00*
This is not applicable to members of Italian Service Units*
BY OBDER OF THE SECRETARY OF WAB:

DISTRIBUTION:
Divisions of the War Department General and Special Staffs
Commanding Genersis:
Army Ground Forces
Army Air Forces
Army Service Forces
All Service Commands
The Provost Marshal General
Commanders of all theaters, defense commends, departments and base
commands

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C O N F I D E N T I A L WAR DEPARTMENT

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A

OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETAHT WASHINGTON, D . C ,

3 July 1945

FOB THE CHIEF OS1 STAFF:
Subjects G-l file WDGAP 383.6 Pay - "Redaction in pay and
allowances of Prisoners of War in U. S. Custody.H

1. I have no objection to the G-l recommendation that present
standards of prisoner of war pay ("both for officers and enlisted
men) "be continued for the time being, if it is done solely as a
matter of interim policy, rather than as a purported compliance
with some alleged obligation to comply with the Geneva Convention
after the unconditional surrender of Germany (or after any other
surrender arrangements which may render the Convention inapplicable).
2* Despite an opinion of the Judge Advocate General on the
subject which intentionally has not yet been approved and which
should not be approved without very careful consideration of the
problem, I feel that there is substantial doubt whether, following
unconditional surrender, the United States continues bound by the
Geneva Convention in the event that this' Government affirmatively
determines (a) that certain provisions of the Convention restrict
unreasonably the proposed treatment of Germany and of Germans and
(b) that the Convention as a whole* or the provisions BSfi tanto.
are no longer to be regarded as applicable* The attached paper,
however, does not necessitate present decision of this troublesome
question, and I feel that War Department action upon it should be
regarded as having been taken on grounds of policy alone*

J.J.McC,

Hie W D G A P 383,6 Pay

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WAR D2PAIEPMMT 03TFICE OP THE UNDER SECRETARY WASHINGTON 2 5 , D # 0*

10 July 1945

MEMORANDUM To Assistant to the Deputy
Chief of Staff
Subject: Reduction in pay and allowances
of Prisoners of War in United
States Custody

The Under Secretary agrees with the
statement of Assistant Secretary McCloy con­ tained in paragraph 1 of memorandum dated 3
July 1945 to the Chief of Staff,
By direction of the Under Secretary:

/signed/ Edward S. Greeribaum
Edward S* Greenbaum
Brig* Gen., U«S«A«
Executive Officer
Encl*
Pile on subj/

HEADQUARTERS ARMY SERVICE FORCES

OFFICE OF THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL
W A S H I N G T O N 25, D. C .

STATEMENT OH

ENEMY PRISONERS OF WAR I N THE tfNITED STATES,
BY BRIGADIER GENERAL B . M. BRYAN, J R . ,
ASSISTANT.THE PROVOST MARSHAL GENERAL,
BEFORE MILITARY AFFAIRS COMMITTEE
OF THE EOTJSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

THURSDAY, APRIL 26, 1945

As of April 25, 1945, ther$ were 393,969 prisoners of war held in the con­ tinental limits of the United Spates including Hawaii. Of this number, 340,407
were Germans; 50,302, Italians; and 3,266* Japanese. At this point, I wuld like
to emphasize that there are two categories *f prisoners of war among the Italians.
There are those Italians who have teen formed into Italian Service Units and are
used in direct support of the w s l j f . operations. These units are replacing American
units in the United States. . The total number of Italians who have "been organized
into service units is 32,475, I want to impress upon you that these 32,<S00 Ital­ ians have volunteered and have replaced approximately 32,000 Americans, which means
that 32,000 additional United States soldiers are available to the commanding gen­ erals in the theaters of operations. From now on, I will confine myself to t^e
prisoners of .war in this co.untry exclusive of those formed into Italian Service

Units. ' •

WORE
The 356,560 prisoners of war who are confined as prisoners of war in the
United States are in 490 camps. These camps are divided into two categories, base
camps and "branch camps. A "base ca-mp is one where a large number of prisoners are
confined and which acts as a reservoir for the branch camps. Branch camps are
established solely for work. There are 150 base camps and 340 branch camps. In
the beginning, we established,base camps principally from a security point of view;
that is, our idea was to hold prisoners of war, lock them up inside barbed wire,
and keep them there. Few, if any, prisoners of war were worked outside the wire,
and they were a burden, a dead loss to the United States. As time went on and the
manpower problem began to make itself felt, the War Department began to use t j i e
prisoners to alleviate the manpower sho-rtage. This necessitated changing the
policy, and camps..were then located with a view to work. It was apparent that, if
prisoners of war were to be werked, they could not be confined in groups of three
or four thousand because sufficient work did not exist in any particular location
to occupy that number of laborers. As a result of the change in policy, smaller
branch camps were established from the base camps. These camps vary in size from
2C0 to sometimes as much; as a thousand. The number of prisoners placed in any
branch camp is determined by the need for labor in that particular area. On the
map you will see the location of base, and branch camps throughout the United States.
You will note that the base camps are in round black dots. Branch camps are rep­ resented by triangles. This map shows you the location of camps in the United
States as of April 1.
The -policy of the War Department with respect to the labor of prisoners of
war is simple, direct, and to the- point. This policy is that every employable
prisoner of war in the United States will be worked on essential work. Essential
work is that work which would have to be done whether or not there were any pris­ oners ef war. There are two general, classifications of work. The first is work
on or in connection with military or naval establishments. The second type of work
is that for private employers called -"contract work," On this type of work the
employers pay the United States for the labor of the prisoners. In order to imple­ ment the work program for prisoners of war, certain priorities were established
which are in- effect today. Priority one work is essential 'work, on military estab­ lishments. Priority t i v o is contract labor for private employers. Priority three
work is that performed on or in connection with the military establishments which,
though not essential, is necessary. Within priority one work, that is essential
work on military reservations, preference is given to replacing a soldier with a
prisoner of war.. This is considered absolutely sound and is necessary so that the
maximum number af troops may be available for use in combat.
In the earlier days of the work program, ^it soon became apparent that some
definite machinery must be set up to guard against waste of prisoner of war man­ power on non-essential work, and atn»ve ail, to prevent competition between prisoner
labcr and American civilian labor. As a* result,. o * i August^ 14, 1943, the War Depart-
i adapted a p#li<ry:-*rhicji required all* re qua s£¥~ for prisoner of war labor te be
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cleared by the War Manpower Commission, A further development of this plan .vias
put in'effect on March 25, 1944,. by which the Wai; Manpower Commission or the War
Todds Administration, after investigation of all requests for prisoner labor,, .cer­ tifies, not only the need for prisoners, "but designates t ^ J i e work projects whicji are
found "by them to he the most essential • > This procedure has proved "beneficial not
only to the War Department "but to the over-all efficiency "by putting the prisoners
in places where^ they are most needed. The War Manpower Commission and the War Food
Administration are in, a position to' know where la^or is needed. To illustrate, I
will trace a request .for labor originating in the field so that you may fully under­ 'stand exactly what accurs.
Suppose the operator of a food-processing plant desires additional, labor. £e
tries to s,ecure the necessary la"bor and cannot .hire the required* number of people.
He goes' to the local representative of the War Manpower. Commission in tjie field, and
asks .that they furnrsh" him trhe necessary number ofpeople^. l£Ms -request1 i.^ f ar .
civilians, never for prisoners of war. I,f. the War. Manpower .Commission, cannot fur­ nish the1 necessary., civilian labor, they furnish the operator of the. plant with a.
certification of need" for prisoner of war labor. This certification contains among
other things the following pertinent information; First, the number of people
desired and the length of time their services will "be required;;.- Second, the type
of work which will be done; Third, the prevailing wage rate for this wouk; and'
Fourth, 'the priority of this work as compared with other contract work requiring
prisoners of war. This certification is forwarded to the service command concerned
to determine if prisoners of war are available, the housing requirements, and to
take the necessary action to put th£ prisoners oji the. job. Ho certification of
r\eed will Jbe issued by the War Manpower Commission if the working conditions are
substandard or if there is a wage dispute in process.
In the event the prospective employer is, a farmer, the. farmer goes to the
United States Employment Service, requests labor—if no labor is available, he vis
given a certification .of need from the United States Employment Service, a division
.of the Department of Agriculture. This certification of need .is made in two copies
and is exactly like the* certification of need issued by the War Manpower Commission
except that the priority rating is left blank. One. copy of the certification of
need goes direct to the service.- command headquarters. A duplicate copy is forward­ ed through the regional office of the War Manpower Commission, for the insertion of
a proper priority. The insertion of priority by the War-Manpower Commission in­ sures proper over-all coordination. The service commands ..treat this certification
of need- exactly as it treats the certification of need from the War Manpower Com­ mission. In supplying the prisoners, they are guided by the priorities as fur>­ nished by the* single agency, the War Manpower Commission.
, What is accomplished by, following the procedure just .outlined?. The, first
accomplishment is that there is no competition with free labor because no request
willi,be certified if civilian labor is available. The second accomplishment is
that it prevents unfair competition between the employers themselves because it
insures that it will cost any contractor the same amount of money to do a given
task whether he uses free civilian labor or whether he uses prisoners of war. This
avoids subsidizing any agency. The third accomplishment is that prisoners are
placed en work in accordance with the priority established by the War Manpower Com­ mission, (tin the' chart, you can see the. results of the work program in the form
of graphs.)
The charts show/the. total number of prisoners of war you will find-.in the
United States, the number availably for work, and the number actually performing
work. .It is to be noted that' for t.he. month of March, 91.3^.-of the prisoners of war
who could be forced to work were actually..performing work. The, 8$ who were not
performing work were either committed for labor at a future, d^t.e. ,or were being
transferred from one camp to another so as to make them available, at a place where
work was require.d. In operating a labor, pool of this size, that is .something more
than 230,009' over a country as large, as the United States, it will never be possible
to employ every"single prisoner cf war. It is seriously doubted if more than 92$
or 93$ of the prisoners can ever be efficiently employed. 100$ utilization is
most desirable. However, we should look the facts in the face and appreciate that
the theoretical will never be reached.
The work program has developed into a hundred million dollar business.. The
labor of prisoners of war to date on military establishments is valued at above
eighty million dollars, In addition," contraetors have -paid into the United Sta
Treasury twenty-two -million dollars "in. cold casli. This money has "been deposited
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in the Miscellaneous Receipts Fund in the Treasury* In effect this represents a
deduction from the post of maintaining and guarding the prisoners of war.
FOOD
Much has "been written and said a"bout the food furnished prisoners of war.
Seme critics have "been particularly emphatic in their condemnation. This is under
standable, and I can't say that 1 "blame any civilian from getting hot under the
collar when he hears that prisoners are getting fcod that he, himself, can't get.
The fact, however, is that the'ration point value of the current prisoner of war
menu is less than that authorized for civilians. The cost of the ration now
authorized is 25$*. It costs the District of Columbia 31^ to feed a prisoner.
^In the "beginning of the war, we^fed prisoners the same food which was fed to
American soldiers in camps. At that'time, there was plenty of food, and no one in
the United States had to take an extra knot in his-"belt.' Experience taught us
that some items of the diet of the American soldier Were not necessary for prison­ ers of- war. Therefore, on July 1, 1944, menu "boards at prisoner of war camps were
authorized to alter the menus of prisoners of war in the interests of ftod conser­ vation. (Digress and explain German diet: corn, cereals, white "bread, etc.) A
certain latitude was permitted, "but the fundamental guide was that under no condi­ tion was the cost of the ration furnished prisoners of war to exceed that author­ ized for American troops.
As time went on; food in the United States "became less plentiful. We, there­ fore, strengthened our directive on February 2, 1945, and stated that substitutes
for sugar, "butter, and such things were mandatory. The latest menu which is now
being published provides a maximum of four ounces of meat per prisoner per day.
This meat comes principally from the internal organs as distinguished from beef.
This prlicy has been adopted as a food conservation measure. It is sound. We are
giving the prisoners a balanced diet of the proper number of calories and, at the
same time, we are saving critical items of food for consumption by the civilian
and the soldier. (This balanced diet is equivalent in quantity and quality as
required by the o^nver^tion. Here are some samples.)
DISCIPLINE
Cne o , f the most important things in any prisoner of war camp is discipline.
There are many ways of maintaining discipline within a camp, and each commanding
officer enforces the, directives with respect to discipline by methods which he
considers the most effective. There is one mandatory directive with respect to,
discipline which is fundamental. Prisoners of war at times refuse to work. The
War Department has ordered that, when prisoners refuse to work, the Army will sim­ ply refuse to feed them. In other words, "no work, no eat." We must furnish
bread and water, but beyond that,, 'we give them nothing. This "no work, no eat"
policy has been most effective in convincing the prisoners that they must work.
So-called sit-down strikes don't last very long on a diet of bread and water. We
never ask an enlisted prisoner of war whether or not he wants to work. We tell
him to work, and he either works or J i e doesn't eat. There is nothing brutal about
this'treatment. It is simple, direct to the point, and gets results.
CIGARETTES
You have read much in the newspapers about prisoners of war having all the
cigarettes they want. Until recently, prisoners of war could purchase a maximum
of three packages of off-brand cigarettes per week. A directive has Just be'en
issued whicS. will alter that and will" remove "ali: cigarettes from prisoner of-war
Canteens and replace them •tdth tobacco and cigarette papers.
PAY
Officer prisoners of war cannot be required to work and are given an allow­ ance of $20, $30, and $4t 'per month dependent upon their rank. This allowance is
to be repaid by Germany.' They receive food, clothing, and Government issue cloth­ ing in addition. If they "buy uniform material from which uniforms of their own
nationality may be tailored by prisoner of var labor, they are required to pay
the cost from their allowances. Enlisted prisoners of war receive a daily allow­ ance of 1Q& per day, which is tKe approximate cost of items which the United
States furnishes to its soldiers. This 10^ a day covers such items as sh©e polish,
toothpaste, handkerchiefs, razor blades, tabacco,land the other essentials neces­ sary for health and cleanliness. When the prisoners of war are working for the

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"benefit »f the United States, they are paid at a rate of 80^ per day. No prisoner
•f war ever receives any cash money. He is given canteen coupons which:"are good-
only at prisoner of war canteens.
ESCAPE
There is' another matter which is widely publicized in connection Vith prison­ ers' of war. That is the number of escapes. We operate prisoner of war canrps an
the "basis ef a calculated A s k . I ' f we desired, we could keep prisoners of war
"behind "barbed wire, put a strong guar'd around them, and prevent all but a very,
very few escapes. That would be a foolish policy for we would get no work out of
the prisoners, and we would have a great number of American soldiers tied down
guarding prisoners of war instead of fighting. Following the policy of a calcu­ lated risk, on April 21, there had been a total of 1583 escapes. I want to empha­ size from the beginning,that is from t ; h e time the first prisoner came into the
United States in 1942' until April 21, 1945, there were 1583 escapes. That number
sounds impressive. However, on that same date, there were only twenty-t\\ro prison­ ers still at large. Sixteen of these were German, six'Itplian. Of this number,
that is twenty-two at large, only seven had been out more than twelve days. Pos­ sibly, I could give you a little clearer idea of the escape rate. The following,
while not up to date, is sufficiently accurate to permit you to draw your own
conclusions. As of the year ending iTune 30, 1944, the federal prisons had an
average p^-pulation .of 15,691 fromtwhich sixty men escaped for a rate of .44 of 1$.
During a like period, the average -prisoner of war population was 288,292 and there
were 1036 escapes for a rate of .45 of 1$.' When you consider the Federal peniten­ tiaries have all the most modern devices'.for keeping people within certain limits
and compare that with a barbed wire or double barbed wire fence and a soldier who
is unfitted for combat carrying a gun, the War Department is, I believe, justifi­ ably proud of its l o i i r escape rate*
The largest and most -publicized escape we have had occurred just before
Christmas last year, December 24, 1944, when twenty-five German prisoners escaped
from the prisoner of war camp at Papago Park, Arizona. It was a well-organized
escape and aroused considerable resentment among our citizens. However, I want
to report that on January 28, 1945, every single one of these men was retaken and
returned to confinement. During their brief period of so-called freedom, they
were too busy hiding to do any damage. Fot a single,act of sabotage was committed.

It is interesting to note just what the escaped prisoners have done. Have
they sabotaged anything? To the best of our knowledge and beliefs, and according
to the official records in the War Department, there has never been a single ac­ count of sabotage on the part of any escaped prisoner of war. I would like to go
even a little further than that on the particular point of sabotage in the United
States. We have had a possible three cases of sabotage. Two we know about.' T , h e
third is somewhat doubtful. The three cases were: first, two prisoner of war
threw some sand in tho journal box of a coal car. These men were tried and re­ ceived sentences of tenJand fifteen years confinement at hard labor. The second
case was of a prisoner of war who drove nails in the tires ef a jeep at Camp
Chaffee, Arkansas. This man is being tried, and I have confidence in the judgment
of tjie military court which will try him. The third case occurred when a prisoner
of war was working in a paint factory. This man or men -put some foreign material
in the paint and ruined it. The case is under investigation, and if proof can be
had, he or they will be tried. Gentlemen,'that is worthy of consideration—three
cases of sabotage out of over 60,000,000 man days of labor and not a single one
committed by an escaped prisoner of war.
GUARDS
Prisoners of war are guarded at all times by United States Army personnel.
At the very beginning of the war it" was absolutely essential to send overseas a
maximum number of soldiers so that the maximum pressure could be put upon the •
enemy without delay. Therefore, every man who was physically qualified for combat
duty was assigned to a unit which was destined 'for ultimate use overseas. Upon
the arrival of prisoners of war in "the United States only those soldiers who were
physically unqualified for combat duty were available to guard prisoners of war.
At this time the War Department is in ther:-process of replacing as many prisoner
of war guards as possible by individuals who have returned from overseas and most

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particularly " b y persons who have "been in prisoner of war camps in Germany. There
are today about 47,000 American soldiers guarding prisoners of war and administering
prisoner of war camps. This number is approximately 14$ of the total number of
prisoners in the United States. This small number of Americans guarding the Ger­ mans is consistent with the policy of calculated risks, that is to guard prisoners
with as few people as is reasonably possible.
It is realized that all of the problems incident to the custody and employment
of prisoners of war in the United States have not been perfectly handled. It is
believed, however, that where mistakes have been pointed out the War Department has
been quick t© correct them. If you will stop to think, there have been no preced­ ents upon which to base any action. The Geneva Convention has been the guiding
principle and that is in such broad terms that it may be interpreted in many ways.
SEGREGATION
The War Department has from the very beginning followed a definite policy
with respect to the segregation tf prisoners of war. Navy prisoners are kept com­ pletely separate from Arny prisoners. Officers are segregated from enlisted men.
Rabid Nazis are segregated from other Germans and interned at Alva, Oklahoma. To
date, about 4509 rabid Nazis a r e confined in that camp. Anti-Nazis are confined
in separate camps. Such camps are located at Fort Devens, Massachusetts, and Camp
Campbell, Kentucky. To date, a minimum of 3303 persons have been so segregated.
The segregation of prisoners of war must be carried on without interfering with the
work program and it must be a continuous process. It is impossible to look at a
man or talk to him and determine whether he is a Nazi, an anti-Nazi, or merely a
German. Mistakes are made in the segregation program, the most outstanding of
which occurred at Fort Devens, Massachusetts. At this camp about 1300 anti-Nazis
were confined in one compound. After these men had been confined for approximately
two months, four prisoners stated that they were Gestapo agents, th?t they had
secured all the information they desired about the anti-Nazis in that compound and
that they wished to be transferred to a Nazi prisoner of war camp. These four men
are still at Fort Devens and are well subdued by the anti-Nazis.
CORRECTING INCORRECT STATEMENTS
So far I have confined myself to affirmative statements. I should like to
take this opportunity to correct certain, incorrect statements by a commentator.
First I will state the broadcast or comment, then I will give you the actual fact.
Broadcast of March 25, 1945:
"The Commanding Officer of the Eighth Service Command in Oklahoma is a kindly
man. He appears to be concerned about Nazi prisoners under his control, espeoially
those Nazi war prisoners who have been deafened by our very naughty shell fire.
The C O . in Oklahoma, I am told, by officers there, has decided to make things a
little more cozy for these poor little Nazi prisoners of war who can't hear so
good anymore. Now, ladies and gentlemen, .hold on to your hats and tempers. These
Nazi prisoners of war are now being outfitted with hearing aids, which cost the
Army only $6$ a set—humph, six very wonderful American words were censored here."
Fact; The case was investigated. No hearing aids were bought nor was it
ever intended to spend any American money for such a purpose. Arrangements were
completed long before this broadcast whereby the International Red Cross would
furnish hearing ai-ds should they £ b e required. To date not a single hearing aid
has been purchased for a prisoner of war.
This same broadcaster later claimed credit for stopping the purchase of hear­ ing aids. Since the purchase of such aids was not contemplated, you "nay draw your
own conclusions as to the correctness of his claim.
Broadcast of February 11, 1945;
"Recently, at Camp Gordon, Georgia, the Nazi prisoners complained of the cold
when the weather was merely chilly. Well, what happened? They were transferred to
sunny Florida!"
Fact: The prisoners were transferred because the prisoner of war camp at
Gordon was abandoned. Three hundred out of 2772 prisoners were transferred to
Florida to work in citrus fields. No prisoner has ever been moved because the
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weather was too c»ld or too hot for him. The G-erman spokesman at Camp Garden
stated, "Any German would " b e crazy to complain of the climate in Georgia,"
In the column of a daily newspaper, dated February 19, 1945, the following
appears:
"The Philadelphia Quartermaster asked pajama manufacturers to "bid on 200,000
pairs of pajamas for immediate delivery for use of Nazi prisoners of war. Our own
boys are not issued pajamas unless hospitalized, and shops can't obtain them for
civilians."
Fact: The 200,COO pairs of pajamas were ordered for American -prisoners of
war held by Germany. Not a single German pricer.ci of war in Vni^^jfuntry hso been
issued pajamas.
COHIER&L
With the number of prisoners of war in custody of the United States, it is
impossible to control and administer them from one central location. The Command-,
ing General of the Army Service Forces had decentralized the handling of prisoners
of war to the commanding generals of the nine service commands. The general super­ vision of all prisoners of war in this country is exercised for the Commanding Gen­ eral, Army Service Forces, by The Provost Marshal General. Directives are issued
from Washington stating the general policies, and the service commanders carry out
these directives.
The War Department is bound by the Geneva Convention. As a solemn treaty
entered into by this Government, it is bound to its terms and spirit. We do not
coddle prisoners of war, but we treat them firmly and fairly. To do otherwise
would be contrary to American tradition and to one of the principles for which our
Armies in the field are fighting.. We believe" in working the man, and we do work
him—hard. We do not believe that the work'of a prisoner should keep a single
civilian out of a job, and we do not compete with civilian labor. We believe that
each prisoner can do an honest day's work and that, if he doesn't, we don't have
to feed him until he sees the light. Notwithstanding this, we further believe
that to wantonly mistreat the German in this country would be to lower ourselves
to the Nazi standards.
END
-6­

WAR DEPARTMENT

CONTRACT FOR LABOR OF PRISONERS OF WAR
PRISONER OP WAR CAMP:

Contract No. w
(This contract is authorized by and has been negotiated under the Fint Wcr Powers Act, 1941, and Executive Order No. 9001)

Pmg

THIS CONTRACT,

entered into this

day of

, between the

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA hereinafter referred to as the Government, represented by the contracting officer executing this contract and
whose address is
hereinafter called the contractor, WlTNESSETH, that the parties mutually agree as follows:

1. LABOR.—The Government will furnish the Contractor the labor of prisoners of war in the following amount: (a) Number of men each work day (b) Number of work days (c) Labor will be furnished commencing on or about and ending on or about (d) Normal work day will consist of hours of labor (Excluding lunch and travel time). (e) The address of the work site is
(/) Type of work is
2. TRANSPORTATION, TOOLS, ETC. (a) Transportation for prisoners of war and guards from the camp to the work site and return to the camp will be furnished by the (b) Distance between camp and work site is miles. (c) Tools and equipment will be furnished by the — (d) Maintenance of tools and equipment will be provided by the (e) Other items _ — 3. COMPENSATION.—The Contractor will pay to the Government compensation at the following rates: (a) Labor

(6) Transportation (c) Other items 4. ALLOWANCES.—The Government will grant the Contractor allowances as follows: (a) Transportation (b) Other items 5. VALUE OF CONTRACT (Estimated)
Gross charges §

Allowances $

Net charges $

6. If the Contractor fails to utilize fully the labor of prisoners of war in accordance with paragraph 1, above, the loss and damage to the Government resulting from the reduction in essential war production for which such labor could have been utilized will be impossible to determine, and in place thereof, the Contractor shall pay to the Government the sum of $1.50 per day for each prisoner whose labor is not so utilized, unless the failure so to utilize such labor was due to unusually severe weather, acts of God, or other unforeseeable causes clearly beyond the control of the Contractor. 7. As a condition to the execution of this contract, the Contractor has furnished security for payment to the War Department in the form of (t) CASH DEPOSIT—BANK GUARANTEE—SURETY BOND, to guarantee the satisfactory settle­ ment of accounts due for labor furnished under the provisions of this contract. The total security for payment required for this contract is $ of which $ is represented by the Contractor's investment in branch camp construction, and $ is in the form indicated above, satisfactory evidence of which is attached hereto. (Certificate of surety, bank guarantee, or escroiv agreement for casR deposits.) 8 The Government will furnish meals for prisoners and guards unless otherwise provided in this contract. 9 The Contractor agrees to furnish adequate training instruction and work supervision. 10 The Contractor will not be responsible for disability compensation or medical care for the prisoners of war. 11 The Contractor agrees to make payment to the Contracting Officer, by certified or cashier's check, or United States Post Office money order, payable to the Treasurer of the United States, within 10 days after receipt of bill or invoice.
An individual trading as < • • - : "A partnership conaistine of • * *»; or, "A corporation organized under the laws
ia—.14346-1

^T
of

as:

the State of * * *•" ,.,., (f) Strike out types of security for payment not applicable.

WD AGO F O R M IQ.IQ 1 MAY 1945 ! » - » »

12. The Contractor agrees to maintain conditions o£ employment in conformity with War Department regulations applicable to the employment of prisoners of war on the type of work described in this contract. The Contractor will comply with all written directions of the Government for the correction or improvement of conditions of employment found by the Government to be in violation of the Geneva Convention and for security and safety measures. The Contractor acknowledges the receipt of an "Instructions to the Contractor for Prisoner-of-War Labor" and agrees to observe these instructions and any amendments or additions that the Government may make in such instructions. 13. The Contractor agrees that duly accredited representatives of the Government and the protecting power will at all times have access to the site of the work in order to observe the conditions of employment. 14. The Contractor agrees that he has no authority to impose disciplinary measures on prisoners of war. 15. The Contractor agrees to permit the Government to maintain at the site of the work such guards and other security measures as may be found by the Government to be desirable or necessary, and to cooperate fully with the Government in all security measures. 16. If it be found by the Government that the Contractor has suffered damages to his property or to property for whichr he is responsible to a third party, uncompensated by insurance, arising out of the employment of prisoners of war, and not the result of fault or negligence of the Contractor, which are caused by the willful misconduct of prisoners, the Government (without prejudice to any vther rights which the Contractor may have) will allow the amount of such damages as a credit against payments otherwise due from the Contractor hereunder; but no such credit shall be taken without the specific approval of the Government, nor shall the liability of the Government under this paragraph for any such damages exceed the unpaid amounts due from the Contractor at the time he files a claim for property damage and from amounts which subsequently become due under the terms of this contract. 17. This contract may be terminated by either party, with or without cause, by 10 days' notice in writing. In event of termination the Contractor will pay to the Government, at the rates herein set forth, all charges accrued up to the effec­ tive date of termination. 18. No member of or delegate to Congress or resident commissioner shall be admitted to any share or part of this contract or to any benefit that may arise therefrom, but this provision shall not be construed to extend to this contract if made with a corporation for its general benefit. 19. The Contractor warrants that he has not employed any person to solicit or secure this contract upon any agreement for a commission, percentage, brokerage, or contingent fee. Breach of this warranty shall give the Government the right to annul the contract, or at its option, to recover from the Contractor the amount of such commission, percentage, brokerage, or contingent fee, in addition to the consideration herein set forth. This warranty shall not apply to commissions payable by the Contractor upon contracts secured or made through bona fide established commercial agencies maintained by the Contractor for the purpose of doing business.
i

20. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this contract, all disputes concerning questions of fact which may arise under this contract, and which are not disposed of by mutual agreement, shall be decided by the Contracting Officer, who shall reduce his decision to writing and mail a copy thereof to the Contractor. Within 30 days from said mailing the Contractor may appeal to the Secretary of War, whose decision or that of his designated representative, representatives, or board shall be final and conclusive upon the parties hereto. Pending decision of a dispute hereunder the Contractor shall diligently proceed with the performance of this contract. 21. Except for the original signing of this contract, the term "Contracting Officer" as used herein shall include his duly appointed successor or his authorized representative. 22. The "Certification of Need for Employment of Prisoners of War" attached to this contract is for the information and guidance of the appropriate contracting parties and is not a part of this contract. 23. The following changes were made, and addenda attached, to this contract before it was signed by the parties hereto:

IN WITNESS WHEREOF,

the parties hereto have executed this contract on the day and year first above
T H E UNITED STATES OF AMERICA:

written.
Witness:

By

(Address) Witness: Contractor:
By

Contracting Officer.

(Address)

I, , certify that I am the Secretary of the Corporation named as Contractor herein; that — who signed this contract on behalf of the Contractor was then of said Corporation; that said contract was duly signed for and on behalf of said Corporation by authority of its governing body and is within the scope of its corporate powers. IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto affixed my hand and the seal of said corporation this _ day of
U. 5 . GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 1G 4 •( 3 1 5 - 1

, 194... Secretary.

035TRIBDTI0N OF BASE AND BRANCH PRISONS OF MR
AS OF 1 JUNE 1944

nm

«oo

»oo

ra

-

.

DISTRIBUTION OF BASS ,vND BRANCH PRISONER OF WAR CAMPf

AS OF 1 SEPTEI,BAR 1945

DISTRIBDTION OF BASE AND BRANCH PRISONER OF WAR GAMFS
AS OF 1 AUGUST 1943

24-91097-1* \ f e > ^

COPY

Contract No. W.

pmg~

Camp ^lle No. • • • • • • . .
CONTRACT FOR PRISON 3R OF WAR LABOR
WAR DEPARTL3NT
PRISONER OF ;?AR OAWt
CONTRACTOR:
ADDRESS:
LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION OF PROJECT:
AMOUNT:
WAR MANPOVfiB COMMISSION CERTIFICATE is attached, numbered
dated • • • • • • • • • . • •

This contract la authorized by and has been negotiated under
Public No. 354, 77th Congress, and Executive Order No. 9001.
DISTRIBUTION
1. 2. 3» 4. Original signed number - General Accounting Office.
Duplicate signed number - Provost Marshal General.
Triplicate signed numb r - Contractor;
Authenticated copy - Retained by Commanding Officer,
Prisoner of War Camps;
5. Authenticated copy - Commanding General of the
Service Command;
6. Authenticated copy - State Director, War Manpower
Commission.

* (This form replaced by WD AGO Form 19-19)

INCLOSURE #3

COPY

Tills CON RACT, entered into this

day of . . . .

194 ..,

between the UNITED STATE3 CF AMERICA (Hereinafter called the Government)
represented by the Contracting Officer executing this contract and • • •

corporation organized under the laws of the State of

partership consisting of

individual trading as

address:

(hereinafter called the Contractor), WITNBSSETK that the parties mutually
agree as follows:
1. The Government will furnish to the Contractor the labor of
prisoners of war detained by the Government and in the custody of the
•ar Department in the following approximate amount:
• a *
#

man hours,
man days,

* sufficient to complete a work task consisting
of

- 2 ­

COPY
to be used by the Contractor at its project located and described
as follows:

in accordance with the terms and conditions of this contract.
2. The labor will be furnished: *during the period commencing and ending ^during the period consmencing . . . . . . , , and when the work task hereinabove described is completed.
^during the period and at the time set forth in Schedule
.. hereto annexed.
« , . . . . . , 194 • • 194. . . , 194 • • •

3. The contractor will pay to the Government compensation for
the labor furnished hereundsr at the rates (which may differ for various
classifications of labor) set forth on Schedule . • • hereto annexed. The
(will)
Contractor * (will not) supply transportation to and from the prisoners of
(will)
war camp. The Contractor * (will not) furnish the noonday meal (which shall
be equal in quality and quantity to that of troops of the United States at
base camps). The Contractor will furnish the materials, equipment, tools,
articles and facilities necessary for the performance of the work, and will
superintend the performance of the work*
4. Upon presentation of bill or invoice by the Government, the Con­ tractor will make payment to the contracting officer, by certified or
cashier's check or United States Post Office Money Order payable to the
Treasurer of the United States, on the first day of each month; at the rates
herein set forth, for labor actually furnished hereunder during the month
ending on the fifteenth day of the preceding month.

-3 ­
•Delete lines which do not apply

5« a. The Contractor will maintain conditions of employment in
conformity with the Geneva Convention Relating to Prisoners of 'Var
27 July 1929 (47 Stat. 2021). Without limiting the generality of this
obligation, the Contractor agrees:
(1) That the length of the day's work of prisoners
of war will be so regulated that the same (including the trip to and
from the prisoners of war camp) vrxjj. not be excessive, and will not
exceed that allowed for civil workers in the region employed at the
same work. The length of the day's work allowed for civil workers
in the region employed at the same work is now as follows:

(2) That each prisoner of war will be allowed a rest of twenty-
four consecutive hours every work, preferably on Sunday;
(3) That no prisoner of war will be used at work for which he
is physically unfit, or which is menial, degrading, unhealthful or
dangerous.
(4) That the Contractor will have no authority to impose dis­ ciplinary measures on prisoners of war,
b. The Government, any person authorized by it, and any repre­ sentative of the Protecting Power, duly accredited, will at all times have
access to the site of the work in order to observe the conditions of em­ ployment. The Contractor will comply with any and all directions of the
Government for the correction or improvement of conditions of employment,
including without limitation the correction of conditions of employment
found by the Government to be in violation of the Geneva Convention.
6, The Contractor will comply with any and all directions of the

-4­

Government in regard to the maintenance of security procedures, devices
and controls; will permit the Government to niaintain at the site of the
work such guards and other security measures as may be found by the
Government to be desirable or necessary; and vd.ll cooperate fully with the
Government in all security measures.
7. In case it is found by the Government that the Contractor has
suffered damages to his property or property for which he is responsible
to a third party, uncompensated by insurance, arising out of the employment
of prisoners of war, and not due to fault or negligence of the Contractor,
which are in excess of those normally occasioned by civil workers, or the
same class or classes with like experience at the job, the Government
(v/ithout prejudice to any other rights which the contractor may have) will
allow the amount of such excess damages as a credit against payments other­ wise due from the Contractor hereunder; but no such credit shall be taken v/ith­ out the specific approval of the Government, nor shall the liability of the
Government under this paragraph for any such excess damages exceed the amount
of payments due from the Contractor to the Government under the terms of
this contract.
8. This contract may be terminated by either party, with or without
cause, by ten days1 notice in writing; except that the Government may term­ inate this contract without notice in case the Contractor breaches any
covenant of this contract. In case of termination the Contractor will pay
to the Government, at the rates herein set forth, for all labor furnished up
to the effective date of this termination. Any termination shall be without
prejudice to any claims which either party may have against the other.
9. No member of or delegate to Congress or resident commissioner
shall be admitted to any share or part of this contract or to any benefit that may

arise therefrom, but this provision shall not be construed to expend to this
contract if made with a corporation for its general benefit.
10. The Contractor warrants that he has not employed any person to
solicit or secure this contract upon any agreement for a commission, per­ centage, brokerage, or contingent fee. Breach of this warranty shall give
the government the right to annul the contract, or at its option, to re­ cover from the Contractor the amount of such commission, percentage, brokerage,
or contingent fee, in addition to the consideration herein set forth. This
warranty shall not apply to commissions payable by the Contractor upon con­ tracts secured or made through bona fide established commercial agencies
maintained by the Contractor for the purposes of doing business.
11. Except as otherwise specifically provided in this contract, all
disputes concerning questions of fact which may arise under this contract,
and which are not disposed of by mutual agreement, shall be decided by the
Contracting Officer, who shall reduce his decision to writing and mail a
copy thereof to the Contractor. Within 30 days from said mailing the Con­ tractor may appeal to the Commanding General of the Service Command, .hose
decision or that of his designated representative, representatives, or
board shall be final and conclusive upon the parties hereto. Pending de­ cision of a dispute hereunder the Contractor shall diligently proceed with
the performance of this contract.
12. Except for the original signing of this contract, and except as
otherwise stated herein, the term "Contracting Officer" as used herein shall
include his duly appointed sucess or or his authorized representative.
13. The following changes were made in this contract before it was
signed by the parties hereto:

IN WITNESS HEREOF, the parties hereto have executed this contract
as of the day and year first above written.
THE UNITO) STATES CF AMbRICA
By
(Official Title
Two witnesses:

(Address)
By
^Business Address

(Address

I, . . , . , . . • . , •

, certify that I am the Secretary of
. . . . . .

the corporation named as Contractor herein; that •

who signed this contract on behalf of the Contractor was then . . . .
of said corporation; that said contract was
duly signed for and on behalf of said corporation by authority of its
governing body and is within the scope of its corporate powers,
IN WITNESS THEREOF, I have hereunto affixed my hand and the seal
of said corporation this . . . . day o f , , , , 194. . •
(Corporate
Seal)
Secretary

I~hireby "certify thatj tc"~the""best of"jay knowledge* and belief7
based upon observation and inquiry,
,
who signed this eontract for the had authority to execute the same, and is the individual who signs similar
contracts on n& behalf of this corporation with the public generally.
(Contracting Officer)

CERTIFICATION OF NiSD FOR 12.-PLOY! SI IT OF PRIdGI-MS OF -AR

To:

Commanding General, Service Command Attention:

certifies that
1. The employer to whom this certificate is issued and whose name,
address and place of business are listed below, has need for the labor herein­ after dearibed for essential v;ork at his establishment or farm.
a. Name of employer
b. Address of employer.

c. IJype of business
d. Location of work (if not at above address)

e. Labor needed: From (date) For period of approximately

to

(date) days-months ( n u m b e r ) ( c r o s s out one) f. Detail of type of work, number of prisoners, and Wcge rates:
Occ. Title and Code for Industry Man Days Unit Prevailing
or or Hours of wage
Number Required Work per unit
needed Nature of Mark Done for Agric.

units per day.
(number)
h. The employer usually furnished the following services free of charge
to civilian labor:
i. The employer (will or vri.ll not)
prisoner-of-war enclosure.
_ _ _ provide the noonday meal.
(will or will not)
k. Length of work day in this locality
_ _ ^ hours.
for this type of work is customarily ^ (number)
* Enter, if appropriate, one or more of the following: transportation to
and from work: noon meal; housing accommodations,
7-3379-pl7-bu
j. The employer supply transportation to and from the

g. If at piece rate, average
civilian labor will complete

-2­ 2. Conditions of employment offered by this employer are not less favorable
than those for other workers in the sane or similar eoployueat at this establish­ ment or farm, or less favorable than those prevailing in the locality for similar
work.
3. The prevailing wage, or price per unit, certified above is that paid
to free labor in this locality for this type of vrark. (For agricultural \tork,
the prevailing wage, or price per unit certified by the State Director of
Extension may be based on public hearings conducted by County Farm Wage Boards.)
4* It has been impossible to secure the necessary workers for this employer
through an active campaign of recruitment which has t^kcn into account not only
all persons normally engaged in the activities listed above, but also potential
workers from other fields of activities,
5. The employer is willing to use through contract 1th the Government,
the labor of prisoners of war detained by the United States of America and in
the custody of the iar Department, It is the understanding of the undersigned
that such contract will follow substantially Jar Department contract form for
prisoners of war and that amount to be paid and conditions stated in the contract
will be in accord with those certified in this statement.
INDORoSMTS
I. Approval of the above certificate is recommended:
(signature) (date) (address;
(title)

II. l*he above certificate is approved:
(signature) (date)
III.

Ttitle)
(address)

The labor certified above has been determined to fall in priority (signature) (date) (aldress} (title)

7-3S79-plS-bu

COPY
UNITED STATES DEPART" ^ T OF AGRICULTURE
Extension Service
«¥ashington, D. C.
June 4, 1943
To State Directors of Extension
and
State Supervisors, JSmergency Farm Labor:
You will recall that at the Regional Extension Farm Labor Conferences in April,
Col. Taylor indicated a strong desire to change the procedure followed in the
determination of prevailing wage rates in areas where foreign labor is employed
so as to place the responsibility largely on the farmers of the area.
In outlining a new procedure, thought has been given to making it sufficiently
formal to meet the requirements of international agreements on imported workers,
and, at the same time, to keep it simple enough for general use in counties where
for any other reason it became necessary to ascertain the prevailing wage for
different kinds of farm work. I wish it were possible to handle the determination
of prevailing farm wages without the county agent being so directly involved.
The responsibilities which Public Law 45, 78th Congress, places upon the State
extension service for all phases of intrastate labor and for the placement of
interstate and foreign workers, make it necessary for the State extension service
to assist in any determination of prevailing farm wages which may be used in
connection with the recruitment and placement of farm labor. Extension must see
that a procedure satisfactory to all parties concerned is followed*
The function of the County FarmtfageBoard, which is in reality a subcom­ mittee of the County Farm Labor Advisory Committee nor; set up in most counties,
is primarily fact finding;, that is, seeing that hearings are conducted in such a
manner as to bring out the true situation as to the "going" wages being paid for
farm work* It should also be emphasized that in all of its activities the County
Farm llage Board should give consideration to the interests of all parties con­ cerned, including farmers, owners and operators, farm workers and consumers.
It is obvious that prevailing wages are neither the lowest nor the highest wage
paid a worker in the area. A tendency to set minimum wages instead of going
wages will tend to keep farm workers away from such an area. Abnormally high
prevailing wages may result in drawing farm labor from another equally important
food producing area, or cause farmers to limit production. In the case of
foreign workers, it is important that the wage paid over large areas be reasonably
comparable in order to avoid a bad situation developing when such labor is moved
from one area to another nearby area*
The County Farm Wage Board will be responsible for making findings and recom­ mendations as to prevailing wages for use in the ,arm labor supply program, which
function has heretofore been performed by the State Agricultural Y/age Board
established by the Secretary of Agriculture. The chairman of the State Wage
Board is being notified accordingly.
Very truly yours,

Enclosures-2 7L&-43

/s/lMlJDITK C. tVlLJCH Meredith C# V.ilson, In Charge -lili-ctension Farm Labor Program

COPY
E.F.L. Circular No. 8
U. S. Department of Agriculture
Food Administration
DETERMINATION OF PREVAILING FARM WAGS RATES
FOR THE PURPOSES OF PUBLIC LAff 45, 78TH CO<IGR&>S
1. In the administration of Public Law 45, 78th Congress, ap­ proved April 29, 1943, it is necessary to establish prevailing wa e
rates for particular crops and areas as an incident to the recruit­ ment of foreign and interstate labor.
2. A County Farm Wage Board (hereinafter called the "Board") is
hereby authorized to be created in each county to act on behalf of
the iar Food Administrator and the State extension service in the con­ duct of investigations and hearings for the purpose of making findings
of fact and recoxnmendations as to the prevailing wage rates paid agri­ cultural labor with respect to particular crops and areas within each
such county.
3. Hie Board shall be composed of the County Agent and four
members of the County Farm Labor Advisory Committee appointed by the
chairman of that Committee.
4. The County Agent shall act cs chairman of the Board and
shall preside at hearings conducted in accordance with the procedure
hereinafter set forth. Three members will constitute a quorum.
5. Promptly upon the receipt of notice of this instruction from
the County Agent, the chairman of each County Farm Labor Advisory Com­ mittee should appoint the members of the Board as provided in paragraph
3 and the County Agent s ould notify the State director of extension
and the undersigned of the completion of the Board, giving the names of
its members.
6. Upon receipt of a request for findings and recommendations
as to a prevailing wage rate, the County Agent shall immediately arrange
for a time and place within the designated employment area for the
holding of a public hearing. Public notice of the proposed hearing
shall be given not less than two days in advance of the hearing by
posting notices at not less than five appropriate places within the
designated employment area. The hearing before the Board should be
informal and farm operators, agricultural workers, and other inter­ ested persons should be permitted to present testimony. The Board
shall make a record of the testimony presented at the hearing, by a
verbatim transcript or by a memorandum summarizing the testimony.

716-43

COPT

7. The hearing should continue no longer than one day and on
the basis of the evidence developed at the hearing and such further
investigation as the Board may deem appropriate, the Board shall maize
findings and recommendations as to the prevailing wage rate. Such
findings and recommendations and a copy of the record of testimony at
the hearing shall be transmitted by the County Agent not later tLan
two days after the conclusion of the hearing to the State Director of
jictension, who shall determine the prevailing wage rate and promptly
communicate it to the undersigned.
8. ./here a prevailing wage rate is to be determined for an
area cover ing two or nore counties, the State Director of .Extension
shall make his deterraination after consideration of the findings and
recommendations of the Board of each county in the area.
9« If a State extension service decides that the determination
of a prevailing vrage rate is necessary as an incident to the recruit­ ment of intrastate labor, the procedure provided in this instruction
may be used to make such determination*

/sAi. L. WILSON
M. L* "Wilson
Director of Extension Tork

/a/JAY L . TAYLOR

Lt. Col. Jay L. Taylor Deputy iSidministrator V/ar Food Administration

716-43

CHECK L I S T FOR RECORDS OF TRIAL OF PRISONERS JF WAR BY GENERAL
COURT-MARTIAL, AS TO COMPLIANCE WITH T U F GENFVA CONVENTION

. . T h i 8 c h e c k l i s t is to b e u s e d in a d d i t i o n to, b u t n o t in l i e u o f W D A G O F o r m 116, G e n e r a l Martial Datasheet, in e v e r y c a s e o f a p r i s o n e r o f w a r t r i e d b y G e n e r a l C o u r t - M a r t ial.
C o u r t -
R e f e r e n c e s a r e to t h e p a r t i c u l a r a r t i c l e s o f t h e G e n e v a C o n v e n t i o n o f 1 9 2 9 c o n c e r n i n g P r i s o n e r s
ol W a r t o w h i c h t h e q u e s t i o n s u n d e r e a c h r e f e r e n c e r e l a t e . T h a t c o n v e n t i o n , w h i c h s h o u l d b e b e f o r e
t h e p e r s o n u s i n g t h i s form, is p r i n t e d in T M 2 7 - 2 5 1 , T r e a t i e s G o v e r n i n g L a n d W a r f a r e , at p a g e 6 4 e_t
l ^ a . ; in 4 7 U . S . S t a t u t e s a t L a r g e 2 0 2 1 ; a n d in D e p a r t m e n t o f S t a t e , T r e a t y S e r i e s N o . 8 4 6 . T h e a r ­ t i c l e s t o w n i c h r e f e r e n c e is m a d e in this f o r m a r e a l s o t o b e f o u n d in F M 2 7 - 1 0 , R u l e s o f L a n d W a r f a r e ,
e d i t i o n o f 1 9 4 0 , p a r s . 1 1 9 - 1 3 7 .
Q u e s t i o n s 7 a n d 2 3 w i H b e a n s w e r e d in the J u d g e A d v o c a t e G e n e r a l ' s O f f i c e o n l y . n o t b e a n s w e r e d b y t h e T r i a l J u d g e A d v o c a t e .
Question 1 5 w i l l

T h i s c h e c k l i s t c o n t a i n s n o q u e s t i o n s c o n c e r n i n g A r t i c l e s 65, 6 6 or 6 7 of t h e G e n e v a C o n v e n t i o n
c o n c e r n i n g P r i s o n e r s o f W a r , a s t h e s t e p s r e q u i r e d b y t h o s e a r t i c l e s a r e u s u a l l y n o t t a k e n u n t i l a f t e r
t h e e x a m i n a t i o n s in t h e c o u r s e o f w h i c h t h i s list is used.
LAST NAME FIRST NAME MIDDLE I N I T I A L
PRISONER O F W A R SERIAL N U M B E R

GRADE (In pr isoner ' s

language)

P L A C E O F T R I A L

d.A.G.O., C M .

NUMBER

ITEMS

TRIAL J.A. NO YES

STAFF J.A. NO YES

J.A.G.O.
NO
YES

ARTICLE 60

1 . W A S T H E F O L L O W I N G I N F O R M A T I O N C O M M U N I C A T E D T O T H E R E P R E S E N T A T I V E O F T H E
P R O T E C T I N G P O W E R B E F O R E T H E D A T E S E T F O R T H E O P E N I N G O F T H E T R I A L ?
A . N A M E A N D R A N K O F T H E A C C U S E D B. P L A C E O F HI S D E T E N T I O N
O F T H E C H A R G E S A N D S P E C I F I C A T I O N S
P R I S O N E R O F W A R

C . S T A T E M E N T 2 .

W A S T H E F O L L O W I N G I N F O R M A T I O N C O M M U N I C A T E D T O T H E R E P R E S E N T A T I V E O F T H E
P R O T E C T I N G P O W E R A T L E A S T T H R E E W E E K S B E F O R E T H E O P E N I N G O F T H E T R I A L ?
A . T H E K I N D O F C O U R T - M A R T I A L B. WHICH WILL PASS UPON T H E C A S E

P L A C E , D A T E , A N D H O U R O F T R I A L

ARTICLE 61
D I D T H E A C C U S E D H A V E PROPER OPPORTUNITY TO D E F E N D HIMSELF?

D I D T H E A C C U S E D BY P L E A O R BY S T A T E M E N T I N OR O U T O F C O U R T A D M I T H I S
G U I L T O F A N Y O F T H E A C T S O F W H I C H H E WAS A C C U S E D ?
I F S O , WAS H E F O R C E D T O DO S O ?

ARTICLE 62
W A S T H E A C C U S E D INFORMED IN D U E T I M E B E F O R E T H E T R I A L :
A V A I L A B L E
A. O F H I S R I G H T T O A S S I S T A N C E B Y A Q U A L I F I E D A N D R E A S O N A B L Y C O U N S E L O F H I S C H O I C E ?
B. O F H I S R I G H T , IF N E C E S S A R Y ,

T O T H E S E R V I C E S O F AN I N T E R P R E T E R ?
O F A L I S T O F P E R S O N S

A . D I D T H E P R O T E C T I N G P O W E R R E Q U E S T T H E D E L I V E R Y Q U A L I F I E D T O B E D E F E N S E C O U N S E L ?
B. IF S O , W A S S U C H LIST D E L I V E R E D ?

8 . W A S D E F E N S E C O U N S E L P R E S E N T T H R O U G H O U T T H E T R I A L ?
9. W A S A R E P R E S E N T A T I V E 1 0 . 1 1 . O F THE PROTECTING POWER P R E S E N T A T T H E T R I A L ?
P R O T E C T I N G

I F N O T , W A S T H E R E A N Y I M P R O P E R D E N I A L O F T H E R I G H T O F TH*E P O W E R T O H A V E A R E P R E S E N T A T I V E A T T E N D T H E T R I A L ?
WAS THE CASE ONE WHICH, B E T R I E D IN S E C R E T ?
IF S O , D I D T H E D E T A I N I N G

IN T H E I N T E R E S T O T S A F E T Y O F T H E S T A T E , H A O TQ

1 2 .

POWER SO INFORM T H E P R O T E C T I N G

P O W E R ?

A R T I C L E 6 3

13.
WAS T H E T R I A L C O N D U C T E D A N D S E N T E N C E P R O N O U N C E D A C C O R D I N G T O T H E S A M E P R O C E D U R E A S W O U L D H A V E BEEN A P P L I C A B L E I F T H E ACCUSED H A D B E L O N G E D TO T H E ARMY O F T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S ?

ARTICLE 50
DOES ANY FINDING O R THE SENTENCE F O R A N E S C A P E ?
INVOLVE CONVICTION O F O R P U N I S H M E N T

ITEMS

TRIAL J.A. STAFF J.A.
YES I No" YES I N O

J.A.G.O.

YES
NO

"

A R T I C L E 51

1 5 . IF THE ACCUSED HAS BEEN CONVICTED OF AN OFFENSE AGAINST PERSON OR PROP­ ERTY IN THE COURSE OF AN ATTEMPT TO ESCAPE, HAS THAT ATTEMPT APPARENTLY
BEEN CONSIDERED AN AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCE?
1 6 . H A S T H E A C C U S E D BEEN C O N V I C T E D OR S E N T E N C E D O N E R O F W A R T O E S C A P E ?
FOR A S S I S T I N G A N O T H E R PRIS­

A R T I C L E 47

1 7 . IF T H E A C C U S E D W A S P L A C E D IN C L O S E C O N F I N E M E N T P R I O R T O T R I A L :
M I N I M U M ?

A . W A S T H E P E R I O D O F S U C H C O N F I N E M E N T R E D U C E D T O T H E A B S O L U T E B.

W A S T H E C O U R T , A F T E R C O N V I C T I O N B U T B E F O R E T H E I M P O S I T I O N O F S E N T E N C E ,
I N F O R M E D O F T H E P E R I O D O F S U C H C O N F I N E M E N T ?

A R T I C L E 52

1 8 . H A ST H EACCUSED BEEN PUNISHED H A S N O W B E E N C O N V I C T E O ?
PREVIOUSLY F O RA N Y O F T H EACTS O F W H I C H H E

A R T I C L E 46

1 9 . 2 0 . D O E S T H E S E N T E N C E I N V O L V E A P U N I S H M E N T O T H E R T H A N O N E O F T H O S E A U T H O R I Z E D
F O R T H E C O M M I S S I O N O F T H E S A M E A C T B Y P E R S O N N E L O F C O R R E S P O N D I N G R A N K O F
T H E U . S . A R M Y ?
D O E S T H E S E N T E N C E I N V O L V E C O R P O R A L P U N I S H M E N T , I M P R I S O N M E N T IN Q U A R T E R S
W I T H 0 U T D A Y L I G H T , OR A N Y F O R M O F C R U E L T Y ?
IS T H E A C C U S E D , O R A N Y O N E O F T H E M FOR O F F E N S E S C O M M I T T E D BY A N O T H E R , A G A I N S T C O L L E C T I V E P U N I S H M E N T ?
DOES THE SENTENCE DEPRIVE IF T H I S IS A J O I N T T R I A L , P U N I S H E D
IN V I O L A T I O N O F T H E P R O H I B I T I O N

2 1 .

A R T I C L E 49

2 2 . 2 3 . A C C U S E D O F H I S R A N K ?

ARTICLE 6 4

D I D T H E A C C U S E D E N J O Y T H E S A M E R I G H T S A S W O U L D H A V E B E E N A C C O R D E D T O A
M E M B E R O F T H E U . S . A R M Y IN R E S P E C T O F :
A . R E F E R E N C E T O S T A F F J U D G E A D V O C A T E A F T E R B. ACTION BY R E V I E W I N G A U T H O R I T Y ?
O F F I C E ?
T R I A L ?

C . E X A M I N A T I O N D. ACTION

IN T H E J U D G E A D V O C A T E G E N E R A L ' S A U T H O R I T Y ?

BY C O N F I R M I N G

G E N E R A L

IS E A C H A N D E V E R Y F I N D I N G O F G U I L T Y L E G A L F R O M T H E S T A N D P O I N T O F T H E
G E N E V A C O N V E N T I O N A N D C U S T O M A R Y I N T E R N A T I O N A L L A W ?
2 5 . 2 6 . 2 7 . IS T H E S E N T E N C E L E G A L F R O M T H E S T A N D P O I N T O F T H E G E N E V A C O N V E N T I O N A N D
C U S T O M A R Y I N T E R N A T I O N A L L A W ?
IS T H E R E A N Y O T H E R E R R O R , I R R E G U L A R I T Y , O R D E N I A L O F T H E A C C U S E D ' S R I G H T S F R O M
T H E S T A N D P O I N T O F T H E G E N E V A C O N V E N T I O N A N D C U S T O M A R Y I N T E R N A T I O N A L L A W ?
DID ANY SUCH ERROR, IRREGULARITY, OR DENIAL S T A N T I A L R I G H T S O F A C C U S E D ?
A O V O C A T E
INJURIOUSLY AFFECT THE S U B ­
DATE

SIGNATURE OF TRIAL JUDGE

SIGNATURE

OF STAFF

JUDGE

ADVOCATE

DATE

OFFICER REVIEWING

R E C O R D

A C T I O N

D A T E

S I G N A T U R E OF C H I E F

E X A M I N E R

A C T I O N

DATE

R E M A R K S

2 8 - 1 9 3 9 0 - 1 *

j2

aty and (?onttol
DURATI ON
REPRIMAND ETC. WITHHOLDING PRIVILEGES

*J3 -QppllcaltU to
GUARDHOUSE OR RESTRICTED

kWat

FORFEITURE OF PAY AND
ALLOWANCES DISCONTINUANCE OF $ 2 . 0 0 OF ALLOWANCE OF EM ONLY. USE OF PHYSICAL FORCE RESPONSI­ B I L I T Y FOR IMPOSITION

LIMITS

HARD LABOR WITHOUT PAY

RESTRICTED DIET

WITHHOLDING PAY AND ALLOWANCES

ADMINISTRATIVE PRESSURE ( a l l POWs)

INDEFINITE ( U n t i 1 canpl i a n c e )

YES

YES

YES

NO

YES

YES ( a l l pay and

NO

allowances)

CAMP COMMANDER

(Pro-rated)
DISCIPLINARY 1 0 4 t h ARTICLE OF WAR ( a l l POWs) 7 DAYS YES YES YES EM-YES, NCOsSUPEPVISORY ONLY, OFFICERS-NO.

N O

YES

NO

NO

COMPANY COMMANDER

SUMMARY COURT MARTIAL (EM o n l y )

30 DAYS

YES

YES

YES

YES ( i n c l u d i n g NCOs) EM-YES NCOs- SUPERVISORY ONLY, OFFICERS-NO.

NO (AR 600-375 Par 25 applies)

YES (2/3)

YES (2/3)

NO

CAMP COMMANDER

ARTICLES 5 4 - 5 9 GENEVA CONVENTION ( a l l POWs)

3 0 DAYS

YES

YES

YES

14 DAYS ONLY

YES ( a l l pay and allowances)

$2.00 of
MONTHLY ALLOWANCE OF EM ONLY

NO

CAMP COMMANDER

JUDICIAL SUITS a . SPECIAL COURT MARTIAL (EM o n l y ) GENERAL COURT MARTIAL ( a l l POWs) AS PROVIDED BY THE ARTICLES OF WAR, ARMY REGULATIONS, GENEVA CONVENTION. MANUAL OF COURT MARTIAL. NOTE: THE GENEVA CONVENTION REQUIRES NOTICE TO BE GIVEN TO PROTECTING POWER IN ALL JUDICIAL S U I T S , NOTICE T R A N S M I T T E D THROUGH PMGO, NOTICE MUST BE GIVEN MORE THAN THREE WEEKS PRIOR TO TRIAL: ALSO OF ACTION OF REVIEWING AUTHORTY AND OF CONFIRMING AUTHORITY. OTHER PERTINENT REQUIREMENTS: CHOICE OF DEFENCE COUNSEL) FURNISHED TO PRISONER COMPETENT INTERPRETER ) NO PRISONER OF WAR MAY BE REDUCED IN RANK OR GRADE, BY COURT MARTIAL OR OTHERWISE.

b.

DEFINITIONS
A B C WITHHOLD-HOLD BACK, OR PLACE IN THE TRUST ACCOUNT OF THE PRISONER OF WAR AMOUNTS DUE.
ALLOWANCE-FOR OFFICERS 20, 30, 40 DOLLARS PER MONTH, THREE DOLLARS PER MONTH FOR ENLISTED MEN.
PAY-WORK COMPENSATION (FOR OFFICERS IN ADDITION TO THEIR ALLOWANCES OF $20.00, $30.00, $40.00) (FOR ENLISTED MEN IN ADDITION TO
TO THEIR ALLOWANCE OF $3.00 PER MONTH)
GENERAL NOTES
THE USE OF AW 104 OR SUMMARY COURT MARTIAL IS NOT RECOMMENDED, SINCE THE POWERS OF THE CAMP COMMANDER UNDER ARTICLES 54-59, GENEVA
CONVENTION, INCLUDE HIS POWERS UNDER THESE PROVISIONS, HOWEVER, SUMMARY COURT MARTIAL IS NECESSARY WHEN A FORFEITURE OF PAY IS
DESIRED OR TO IMPOSE HARD LABOR ON A NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICER PRISONER OF WAR.
PAR 25, AR 600-375 IS APPLICABLE TO POWs TO THE SAME EXTENT AS TO AMERICAN MILITARY PERSONNEL. IT PERMITS IMPOSITION OF A RE­ STRICTED DIET AS PUNISHMENT FOR /N ADDITIONAL OFFENSE BY PRISONERS OF WAR WHO HAVE BEEN PLACED IN THE CUSTODY OF A GUARD IN THE
MANNER PRESCRIBED BY AR 600-355 AND WHO HAS NOT BEEN SET AT LIBERTY BY PROPER AUTHORITY. HOWEVER, A CAMP COMMANDER, TAKING ACT­ ION UNDER THE PROVISIONS OF ARTICLE 54-59, GENEVA CONVENTION, MAY IMPOSE A RESTRICTED DIET AS AN INITIAL PUNISHMENT.
RESTRICTED DIET-THE MINIMLM FOOD ALLOWANCE, BREAD AND WATER DIET, WILL INCLUDE 18 OUNCES OF BREAD EACH DAY, AND AS MUCH WATER AS TR
THE PRISONERS MAY DESIRE. EXCEPT FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PRESSURE, IT WILL NOT EXCEED 14 DAYS AT ANY ONE PERIOD, AND WILL NOT BE RE­ PEATED UNTIL AN INTERVAL OF 14 DAYS SHALL HAVE ELAPSED, NOR WILL IT EXCEED 84 DAYS IN ONE YEAR.

PUOS REPRODUCTIONS. 1 2 - 6 - 4 4 - 1 0 0 0

1

2

3

ENEMY PRISONERS OF WAR UNDER SENTENCES OF COURTS-MARTIAL

{Through 31 August 1945)

I.

GENERAL COURTS-KARTIAL OF PRISCit^RS OF WAR A. Charges o f kurder

Place & date

Accused D-l rank Hans Fiedler, 7WG-46089 Obergefreiter

Type of offense Charge and specification Kurder Charge: AW 92 Specif: Killed ?T. Schiller by striking hiir on head with club

cOET-itted PW Canp, Ft. Leonard Wood, Missouri.

Ack. of 1st notice to Swiss

19 Oct 43

25 Sept 43

Date, place of trial; date of sentence 22 NOT 43 P W Can?, F t . Leonard 7 o o d , Missouri. 23 Kov 43

Date of action by revievdr-g authority; sentence 28 Nov 43

Serving sen­ tence at

'.SUB, Fort Leaven..orth,

Date notice of sentence sent thn. Stwte 10 Dec

D-2 Walter Beyer, 8RG-495&8
Haupfeldwebel Berthold Seidel, 8HG-49593 Feldwebel Hans Derjce, 8WG-49957 Dnteroffizier Wllli Scholz, 8WG-49691 Obergefreiter
Bans Schomer, 8WG-49620
Unterofiizier Erich Gauss, 81G-28784 Sergeant Rudolf Straub, 31C-16883O Private

Biot by assembling and assaulting a P V . Charge: AW 89, 92 Specif: Murder of PW Kunze

PT Camp, Tonkawa, Oklahore.

20 Dec 43

J7 Jan 44 Camp Gruber, Oklahoma.

Of the charge k?. <i2, "liot gidltj-" But guilty of vio­ laticn AW 93. Reviewing authority changes to "Guilty of AW 96." 1 year hard labor and forfeiture of 2/3 of all pay and allowances for rcriod Confirmed by President 5 Oct 44

4 Nov 43

As to each: to be hanged by n» c- till dead.
ur.t' 1

; -ED 9 Oct 44 Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

'orther net ice

Executed on 10 July 1945
13 June 44 e Jvly 44 iSDE, Fort 1? July 44 Fort HcPherson, Leavemorth, Ga. As to each: to be hanged by Kansas neck t i l l dead. Confirmed by President 13 Nov 44
Execution postponed until
notice executed on 14 July g
3 Jily 44 1 August 44 LEDE, Fort 11 /ug 44
Cam.- Gruber, Leavenworth,
Okla. to be hanged by neck t i l l Kansas
dead Reduced to 20 years on 6 J u l y .'.5 by the ?ret,idgit
15 /.us 44 USDB, Fort 15 Sept 44 29 Sept 44 PU Canp, LeaveiiT.orth, (interim) Florence, As to each: to be hanged by Kansas Arizona. neck t i l l dead. Sentence <3onfirmea by the
P r e s i d e n t s July 1945

D-3

liurder of P W Charge: A W 92 Specif: Murdered P W Guenther by strangulation Murder of P W
Charge: AW 92 Specif: Murdered PW Geller Murder of PW Charge: AW 92 Specif: Killed PW Drechler by strangulation

near Aiken, S. C. 5 Apr 44

16 May 44

D-4. Edgar Menschner, 56840 Unteroffizier

P W CejnL, Cp. Chaffee, Ark.
23 Mar 44 ?W Canp', Papego Pk., Arizona. 32 Mar 44

3 June 44

D-5 Helaut Fischer,

10G-1088,NA Frita Franke, 10G-1083-WA Guentber Kuelsen,

18 July 44

Heinrich Ludwig, 70-132-lxA
Bernhard Reyak,
1QG-1069-KA
Otto Stengel,
6-112-KA
Rolf Wizuy,
10G-lD72-a
D-6 D'ANGLLO, Francesco 811-364912, Private

Murder of Ftf Charge: A W 92 Specif: Killed Pierluigi Bertlcelli by stabbing him with a knife

Prf Camp, Hereford, Texas. 8 May 45

Italian aobassy 5 July 45 31 May 45 Fort S i l l , Oklahoma. Postponed to 19 July 45

Executed on 25 August 1%5 28 July 45

10 years hard labor (not guilty of "malice aforethought" and "Deliberately and with premeditation")

Fed. Reform., £1 Reno, Oklahoma.

7 July 45 (interi-n) 18 Aug 45 (final)

I.

GENERAL (DUETS-NARTIAL 01 PRISONERS OF W A R B, Charges Other Than Murder
Place & date crime committed Ack, of 1st notice to Swiss Date, place of trial; date of sentence Date notice of sentence sent Swiss thru State

Accused Name, serial no.

G-l

rank Antonio Farina BR-T/27>25, Seaman liicola liannarino BR-T/23693, Caporale

Type of offense Charge and specification

Date of action by reviewing authority: sentence

Serving sen­ tence at

Stealing automobile Charge: A W 93 « 96 Specif: Theft of two auto­ nobilesj each valued in ex­ cess of v50.00; attempted theft of a t h i r d

Eugenio Colace BR-T/26269, Seaman Francesco Cascio BR-T/50179, Private Giuseppe Marascia BR-T/22010. Private G-2 Francesco Donnarumraa, 7WI-S186, Private

Sheldon & Jasper, Mo.* (Escaped from P W Cp., Cp. Clark, fco.) 18-19 May 43

18 June 43

6 July 43 Camp Crowder, Mo. 7 July 43

2 Aug 2 years at hard labor

US P e n i t e n t i a r y , 6 Sept 43 Leave EC7orth, Kansas (PWs released custody Camp Commander, P W Cp., Weingarten, Uo., 13 Feb 45)

Struck US officer
Charge: AW 64 Specif: Struck superior officer with fist

Camp Clark, Missouri. 28 June 43

Aug 43

7 Sept 43 Camp Clark, iMissouri. 16 Sept 43 10 Sept 43 Cp. Clark, Mo. 16 Sept 43

27 Sept 43 3 years at bard labor Albini: 27 Sept 43

USDB, Fort Leavenvforth, Kansas P W Guardhouse, Camp Clark, Mo.

22 Oct 43 (interim] 6 Nov 43 ( f i n a l )

G-3

Alfredo Albini, 7WI-S349 Failure to obey orders Sergente Uaggiore W 96 Giovanni Mariani, 7^1-8512 Charge: A Snecif: Albini: 3 specif. Secondocapo of failure to obey orders of US personnel. Mariani: 2 such specif.

Camp Clark, Missouri. 28 June 43

•good notice" ackn. by l t r of 25 Aug 43

2 Mar 44

4 months hard labor; f o r ­ f e i t #2.00 per month for period
Mariani« 27 Sept 43

Approved only to extent of 4 months hard labor; f o r f e i t $2.00 per month for Period W non-com, and G-4 Leonhard Kraemer, 5WG-6693 Disobeying P striking another P W Corporal Charge: A W 96 Specif: (1) f a i l u r e to obey his P W non-coa (2) s t r i k i n g •pother P W with f i s t
G-5 Eugenio Di Tommaso 30580, Private Attempted mutiny; assault on US and PW officers; disrespect Ohargej AW $3 Specif: Disrespect 'to PW superior officer Charge: AW 64 Specif: (l) threat with club to US officer (2) to PW of­ ficer Charget AW 66 Specif: (l) attempt to create mutiny against US officer and (2) PW officer

P W Camp, Cp. Campbell, Ky. 21 Oct 43

23 Nov 43

15 Dec 43 P W Camp, Cp. Campbell, Ky. 15 Dec 43

20 Dec 43 3 months hard labor

PW Guardhouse, Camp Campbell,

29 Dec 43

K

PW Camp, Weingarten, Mo. 2 Nov 43

30 Nov 43

20 Dec 43 PW Camp, Wein­ garten, Uo. 20 Dec 43

23 Dec 43 5 years hard labor; forfeit $2.00 per month for period

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

4 Jan

Accused G-6 arial n o . , rank Helmt Kuhn, 7WG^45078 Obergefreiter

Type of offense Charse anl snecifientic

Refusal to otey order Charget AW 64 Specift Refusal to obey lawful order of OS officer

Ack. of 1st Date, place of notice to t r i a l ; date of Swiss sentence Hot tried, PW Camp, Fort 11 Jan U charge vrith­ Leonard Wood, dravm* Missouri. 19 Jan 44 31 Dec 43

Place & date crime

Date of action By reviewing authority; sentence

Serving sen­ tence at

Date notice of sentence sent Swiss thru State .".'otice charge w Ithdrawn 26 Jan 44 27 Mar 44

G-7

Werner Boesch, 8WG-58479 Gefrelter

Assault on US officer

Charge: AW 93 Specifi Stnuck US officer with club
G-8 Herbert Hoeber, SWG-4539 Gefreiter Assault on US officer Charget Specift fleer A W 93 Jumped on US of-

PW Camp, Huntsvilla, Texas. 25 N O T 43
P W Camp, Huntsville, Texas. 25 Nor 43

7 Feb 44

7 Feb 44

28 Feb 44 PW Camp, Huntsville, Texas. 28 Feb 44 28 Feb 44 PW Cam?, Huntsville, Texas. 29 Feb LL
28 Feb 44 F W Camp, Hunteville, Texas. Aquitted: 1 Mar LL

U March 44 18 months hard labor and forfeit a l l pay and allow­ ances for period

LSDB, Fort Leavenv.-orth, Kansas

13 Mar 44 1 year hard labor and for­ feiture of pay, allowances for oeriod

USDB, Fort Leavenv.orth, Kansas

27 Max 44

6-9 Walter Schimikowski 8WG-35898, Obergefreiter

Assault on US officer Chargei AW 93 Specift Struck US officer with rock

PW Camp, Huntsville, Texas. 25 Nov 43

7 Feb 44

Notice ofaquittal: 11 Mar 44

G-10 Walter Pueechel, 81G-75981 Refusal to o*»y order; dis­ P W Camp, Cp. respect; inciting PW to dis­ Ellis, 111. Oberfeldwebel turbance} assault on PW 30 Dec 43

7 Feb 44

Charge* AW 64, 63, 96, 93. AW 64* Specif* Refusal to obey lawful order of US of­ ficer AW 63* Specif* Disrespect to US officer AW 96* Specifi Incited 16 other PW to assemble and dis­ turb peace AW 93* Specif* Committed assaultjQn_PW
0-11 August Disberger 6WG-2108, Obergefreiter Joseph Hofer 6WG-2418, Obergefreiter Karl-Heina Kesemeyer 6WG-2178, Obergefreiter Alois Krebs 6WG-2458, Obergefreiter Paul Kretschaer 810-225455, Obergefreiter Erich Krug 810-26058, Obergefreiter Egon Baumgaertner 610-2328, Gefreiter Johannes Block 6WO-2O93, Gefreiter Paul Dlsoh 6WO-21O9, Gefreiter Willl Qoldbeck 81G-26Q47, Oefreiter Assembled t o disturb peace W and assault on P W 96, 93 Charget A Specif: A W 96: Assembled

28 Feb 44 PW Camp, Cp. Ellis, Illinois. 28 Feb 44

4 April 44 10 years hard labor; for­ feit all pay and allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leaven, orth, Kansas

17 Apr 44

Camp Ellis, Illinois. 30 Dee 43

7 Feb 44

29 Feb 44 Cp. Ellis, Illinois. 29 Feb 44

7 April 44 Josef Hofer, Paul Disch, & Manfred Hofer: Aquitted All others* 2 years hard labor and forfeit all pay allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

18 April 44

to disturb peace AW 93* Committed assault on PW

(continued)

Accused name, aerial no., rank

Type of offense Charge and 3r>ecification

Place & date crime committed

Ack, of 1st Date, place of trial; date of notice to sentence Swiae

Date of action by reviewing authoritvi sentence

Servig aen­ fence **

Data notioe of aentenoa sent Swiaa thru Stata

G-n (cont)

G-12

Karl Grohmann 6WG-239O, Gefreiter Albert Guentber 81G-25453, Gefreiter Manfred Hoefer 81G-7553O, Gefreiter Heinz Karallus 6WG-2434, Gefreiter Helmut Kohl 6"G-218o, Gefreiter Karl Zietzling 6TO-2317, Gefreiter Gotthold Kirsten 7WG-45o32, Feldwebel Herbert Passner 7W3-46540, Unterofiizier bans Maurer 7T(G-45672, Unteroffiller Freidhelm Keiuold 7W}-46027, Obergefreiter Kur* °'Chola 7..3-^59l f Oberfeldwebel Hans Stosch 7WG-45799, Stabs et'reiter Enno Keyer, 4WG-3338 Gefreiter Hans Hacs, 4"'C-5C4 Ober^-efreiter jilfone Rutkiewita 4^-1^0, Gefreiter Karl Schroeder, 4WG-632
Gefreiter

assembled for riot and assault on Pffs Charge: A W 89, 93 Specif: A W 89: Assembled to co; . i t a riot Specif: A V i 93: Assaulted

Camp UcCoy, Wisconsin. 6 Jan 44

11 Feb 44

6 l i a r 44
Camp McCoy, Wisconsin.

17 April 19U

6 Mar 44

G-l?

G-U

Heinz Ficker, 4WG-M292 Obergefreiter

Specif. 1: 14 Feb 44 7 Jan 44 Elmdale, Kan. Charge: AW 96 Specift Theft of three auto- Specif. 2: 7 Jan 44 mobiles each valued at more Chase County, than $50.00 Kansas. Specif. 3: 9 Jan 44 Smolan. Kan. PV? Camp, Sabotage 9 Mar 44 Clinton, Kiss. Charge: AW 96 Specif: Sabotage of freight 19 Jen 44 car Stealing automobiles

13 Mar 44 Camp P h i l l i p s , Kansas. 14 Mar 44

Gotthold Kirsten, Herbert Passner, Hans Stosch, each 6 years hard labor; forfeiture of pay and allowances for period* Fans Maurer, Freidhelm Reinold, each 4 years hard labor and forfeiture of all pay and allowances for period. Kurt Scholz, 7 years hard labor and forfeiture of a l l pay and allowances for period 17 Mar 44 USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Enno Meyer, Alfons Rutkiewitz, Kansas Karl Schroeder, each 5 years bard labor and forfeit | 2 . 0 0 per month for period. Hans Haas, 3 years hard labor) forfeit 12.00 per month for period
25 May 44 4 years hard labor. 20 Sept 44 unexecuted portion of sen­ tence remitted. Confession made by Hans Adolphr

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

1 May 44

4 July 44

3 April 44 Camp Shelby, Kiss. 4 April 44

DSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

13 June 44

G-15 Andriano DiHuscio 9WI-2638, Private

Burning US Government banackB ? ? 96 Charge: A Specif: Burned US Government barracks

P W Camp, Florence, Ariz. 10 Feb 44
Tuscola, Texas . 29 Uar 44

9 May 44

6 June 44 P V . ' Camp, Florence, Arizona. 6 June 44

17 July 44 10 years hard labor

DSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

Interim 6 July 44 Final: 3 Aug44

G-16

Hans Schmidt, 6X-604070, Staff Sgt. Joachim Schwarzenholz 8WG-60313, Sgt. Otto Richter 8MJ-60262, Sgt.

Stealing automobile Charge: Specif: mobile AW 93 Stealing auto-

27 Apr 44

7 June 44 22 May 44 Camp Berkeley, 16 months hard labor; Texas. 22 Me* 44 forfeit 13*00 per month for period

USDB, Fort 19 June 44 Leavenworth, Kansas (Pending orders confined at Camp Berkeley or Canp
Bowie, Texas.)

Accused name, serial DO. jrank.
G-17 Silvio Hotaro 7WI-9299, Private

Type of offense Charge and specification
Struck American NCO Charge: AW 96 Specift Struck American HCO on hodv Conspiracy and assault Charge: AW 93, 96 Specif: AW 93: assault on PW Specif: AW 96: conspired to commit assault on PW

Place & date crime ammitted
PW Camp, Monticello, Arkansas. 8 April 44

Ack. of 1st Date, place of notice t o trialj date of Date of action by reviewing authorityi sentence Swiss sentence Not tried, 27 Apr 44 charge with­ drawn. 24 June 44
5 June 44 Camp Hood, Texas. 7 Jvue 44 28 July 44 Ploetz, Rank, Winkler, Wartolovits, Bruens, each 2 years hard labor. Puls, Stamm, Alt, Doering, Fischer, Wissmach, each 1 year hard labor

Serving sen­ tence at

Date notice of sentence sent Swiss thru Stte jy. * * ­M Notice charge withdrawn 15 Sept 44

G-18 Wolfgang Ploeta 81G-80768, Unteroffizier Kurt Puls
81G-83452, Dnteroffizier Kurt Stamm

81G-89962, Unteroffi*ier Franz Alt
81G-90034, Dnteroffizier

Charge I 4 May 44 PW Camp, Cp. Hood, Texas. 27 Mar 44 Charge II PW Camp, Cp. Hood, Texas. 26 Mar U

USDB, Fort Leavenworth,

9 Aug 44

Kansas.

Heinz Wissmach
81G-83906, Onteroffizier Helmt Rank 81G-80833, Obergefreiter Bernard Winkler 81G-83675, Obergefreiter Gerhard Doering 81G-89982, Obergefreiter Georg Fischer 81G-89989, Obergefreiter Stefan Wartolovits 81G-8OQ49, Gefreiter Heini Bruena 81G-«3487. Gefreiter

G-19 Heins Anlenbacher 5WG-5O5, Obersoldat Kurt Heinz Zigann ABS 33 HI, Soldat

Stealing automobile} en­ tering house unlawfully Charges A W 93 Specif: Stealing automo­ b i l e valued at more than $50; entering house intent lift C f f ?«™""»
Blot and assault of PW

Specif. It 1 June 44 Towanda, Kan. 5 Apr U Specif. 2: near Emporia, Kansas. 5 April 44 PW Camp, Camp Swift, Texas. 19 Apr 44 6 June 44

26 June 44 PI Cmrnp, Alva, Okla. 26 Jine 44

11 July 44 5 years hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances for period

DSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

19 July 44

6-20

Kurt Bulow 8K-26831, Stabsgefreiter Fiwfoipft Lange 81G-26745, Dnteroffizier Alois Langer 8B-32725, Obergefreiter Ernst Cechlovsky 8WG-26835, Obergefreiter Walter Eiscfa ORX26969, Gefreiter Johaim 1ifloarsl^v 8WG-10888, Dnteroffizier Kurt Hamborg 8WG-2669O, Drrteroffizier Bans Hellsnbroieh 8WG-26696, Obergefreiter F r i t s Osnxlger 8HG-26654, Dnteroffiaier fiaas*J6chen Sembach 6B-44864, Untsroffisisr

Charge: A W 89 and 93 Specif* A W 89s assembled to commit r i o t Specif: A W 93< Assaulted
PW

10 July 44 Camp Swift, Texas. 13 July 44

7 August 44 Dpnziger, Sembach, Risen, Bulow aquitted; Hambong, Hellenbroich, WienfTski, Lange, langer, 7 years hard labor; for­ feit all pay and allowances for period Cechlovsky, 3 years hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances fs? period

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

21 Aug44

G-21

Accused name, serial no. rank Erich felk, #7.-4893 Private Willi Silz, 4^'"-4782, Private Ernst Pfister Srt.

Type of offense Charce and SDecificati< Assaulting PW

Charge: A W 93 Specif: Assaulted P W with dangerous weapon

Place & date crime bed Fort Dix, flew Jersey. 12 May U

Ack. of 1st notice to Swiss 16 June 44

Date, place of trial; date of sentence 10 July 44 Fort Dix, N.J. 10 July 44

Date of action by reviewing authority: sentence

Date notice of Serving sen­ tence at

Date notice of sentaice sent Swiss thru State

19 Sept 44
5 years hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances

US Penitentiary, 25 Sept 44 Atlanta, Ga. for Sila and Fed. Reformatory, Chillicothe, Ohio for Pfister USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

G-22

Wilhelm Schroeder 8WC-24387, Hauptfeldwebel Alfred K. "ludewill 4WG-12130, Feldwebel August F. Jung 6WG-3292, Unteroffizier
Albrecht Haffa AWG-60007, Feldwebel

Riot and assault on US Army personnel

P W Camp, Alva, Okla. 21 May 44

7 July 44

G-23

Alois Augustine 81G-234125, Unteroffizier August Kretschmer 81G-234147, Feldwebel Gunnar Sorge 81G-230786, Unteroffizier Walter Gronemeyer 31G-4794, Unteroffizier

Charge: AW 8 9 , 96 Specif: Afl 89: Assembled to r i o t Specif: A W 96: Striking various US Amy personnel on body with bands Assembling and assaulting P W

3 Aug 44 POW Camp, Alva, Okla. 7 Aug U

26 Aug 44 Hard labor for natural life; forfeit all pay and allow­ ances for period

14 Sept 44

Charge: AW 93, 96 Specif: AW 93: Assaulted PW with baseball bat and iron pipe Specif: AW 96: assembling to disturb peace

PW Camp, Ft. Custer, Michigan. 9 June 44

14 July 44

7 Aug 44 P W Camp, F t . Custer, liich. 10 Aug 44

19 Dec 44 Augustin & Kretschmer, 1 year hard labor; forfeit a l l pay and allowances for period; Sorge and Gronemeyer 5 years hard labor; f o r f e i t a l l pay and allowanes for
28 Sept 44 3 years hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances for Period 22 Sept 44 5 years hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

5 Jan 45

G-24 Julius Janisch 6/WG-3290, Obergefreiter Rudy Scholz G-25 Joachim Herrmann 51G-78270, Gefreiter

Stealing automobile
Charge: A 1 V 93 Specif: Stealing automobile valued at more than 150.00

PJeasantvilJe, 18 July 44 {.easanyv
Indiana. 10 June 44

14 Aug 44 Fort Sheridan, Illinois. 14 Aug 44

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

25 Oct 44

G-26

Kalem Dala 8WG-1582, Private

G-27

Ben Said Omer 8WG-1938, Private

PR Camp, Mexia, Tex. Charge: A W 93 Specif: 1 Specif: Committed sodomy with & 2: PWs Werner Lank, Ben Said Omer, 14 Apr 44 Kalem Defe Specif 3: J L 7 Apr 44. P W Camp, Sodomy Mexia, Tex. 17 Apr 44 W 93 Charge! A Specif: Committed sodomy with Iff Joachim Herrmann Spdomy n. uunp, Mexia, Tex. Charge$ A W 93 Specif. 1: Specif: Sodomy with P W Joachim 14 Apr 44 Herrmann and Werner Link Specif 2: 17 Apr 44 Specif 3: 13 Apr 44

Sodomy

18 July 44 Notice of postponement 9 Aug 44

23 Aug 44 P R " Camp, tiexia, Tex. 23 Aug 44

4 Oct 44

18 July 4 4

14 Aug 44 F W Camp, Mexia, Tex. Aquitted: 16 Aug LL 1* Aug 44 P W Camp, Mexia, Tex. 16 Aug 44

Notice of Aquittalt 21 Sept 44 17 Sept 44 Findings or sentence of 3 years hard labor and forfeiture of a l l pay and allowances for period disapproved; rehearing ordered notice of sen­ tence and d i s approval by reviewing auth*rity: 29 Sept 44

G-28

Aocueed namer s e r i a l n o . , rank Werner Lenk 8wG—17*74, Pfc

Type of offense Charge and s ^ecification Sodomy Charge: A W 93 Specif: Committed sodomy with FiT Ban Said Oner S t e a l i n g trousers and coat Charge: Specif:

Place & date crime committed P W Camp, Mexia, Tex. 28 Apr 44

Ack. of 1st notice to Swiss 20 July 44

P l a c e , date of

trial; date of sentence 21 Aug 44
Camp S w i f t ,

Date of a c t i o n by reviewing authority; sentence

29 Sept 44
5 years hard labor; f o r f e i t a l l pay and allowances for period 30 Aug 44 1 freer bard labor

Texas. 20 July 44 21 Aug 44 Fort B l i s s , Texas.
24 Aug Finney Hosp., ville, 44 Gen. Thomas­ Ga.

Serving sentence at OSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

Date n o t i c e o f

sentence sent Swiss thru State 12 Oct 44

G-29

Giovanni E. B i s i c c h i a IE 806736, Corporal luijor

LI Paso County, Texas. A H 93 entered dwelling and 6 June 44

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

9 Sept 44

took trousers and coat
G-30 Philipp Muffler 4WG-30960, Corporal Sodomy Charge: A 7 ? 93 & 96 Specif: Aft 93: committed sodomy with K M t'aul Specif: A T ? 96: offered and endeavored t o commit sodomy against PWs Hshrendorf and Berger G-31 Victor Terberger 81G-238224 Stealing various a r t i c l e s , breaking and entering dwelling s W 93 C arge: A Specif. 1: breaking and entering dwelling Donald tiuir; Specifs. 2 & 4: breaking and entering and stealing various a r t i c l e s ; Specif. 3: stealing various a r t i c l e s ; Specif. 5: breaking and entering dwelling of Lirlorie Collins Sabotage of freight car Charge 1 A W 96 Specif: attempted injury of freight car journal box Assaulted P O W Charge! A W 93 Specif: Assaulted P W m s c h k e with club

Spence Fid. koultrie,
Ga. 6 Hay 44 S p e c i f . 1, Charge I I : 19 Kay 44 Specif. 2, Charge I I : 5 Feb 44 Specif. 1: Diane, K.Y. 8 JOy 44. S o e c i f s 2*4: Carthage, N Y 9 July 44 S p e c i f . 3s Diane, N.".. 8 July 44 Specif. 5: Carthage, N Y

29 July 44

30 Aug 44 4 years hard labor

14 Sept 44 ( i n t e r i m ! 12 May U5 ( f i n a l )

24 /ug 44

(Transferred to Fed. Cor. Milan, Mich.)

Inst.,

9 Aug 44

6 Sept 44
Pine Camp, New York. 6 Sept 44

15 Sept 44 5 years hard labor; f o r ­ f e i t a l l pay and allowances f o r period

Fed. Reformatory , C h i l l i c o t h e , Ohio

2 Oct 44 (interim) 28 June 45

(Transferred to
Fed. Cor. I n s t . , Milan, Mich.)

(final)

9 July 44
P W Camp, Clinton, Miss. 12 Aug 44 5 Sept 44 P W Camp, Clinton, Miss. 6 Sept 44 21 Sept 44 10 years hard labofc OSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

G-32

Hans Adolphy 4WG-L4365, G e f r e i t e r

24 Sept 44

19 July 44
P W Camp,

G-33

Karl Nesper, 7WG-367O5 Private Robert Hausmann 7WG-36069, P r i v a t e Welter Rodschinka 7WG-35241, Pfo Gerd Gutzat, 4WG-23302 Feldwebel Hermann Mueller 31G-169244, Uffz.

29 .'ug 44

25 Sept 44
P W Canp, Scottsbluff, Nebr.

24 Oct 44 Walter Rodschinka, charge withdrawn 13 Sept 44 Nesper: 3 years bard labor Hausmann: 2 years hard labor 13 Oct 44 3 years a t hard labor

Scottsbluff, Nebr.
11 fug 44

Fed. Reformatory. El Reno, Okla.

31 Oct 44

(interim)
25 Nov LL (final}

(Transferred to
USP, Leavenworth. Kansas.)

0-34

Stealing automobile Chrrge: A W 96

Augusta, Georgia. 20 Rpr 44

29 Aug 44

25 Sept 44 Canro Gordon, Ga.

Fed. Correctional Institution, Milan,
Michigan.

31 Oct 44 (interim)

Specif: $50

stealing two auto-

26 Sept 44

20 Apr 45 (final)

Accused naire. s e r i a l no., rank G-35 Francesco Petriello IE-902210, Private

Type of offense Charge Assaulting POlte ChageJ A W 93 Specif: Assaulted P W s Bolpugni and Panizzi with knife

Place & date crime coEmitted on bus enroute from Cucamonga, Calif, to Camo Haan, Utah ASF Depot. 21 AugLA

Ack. of 1st Date, place of t r i a l ; date of notice to sentence Swiss
U Sept LA 10 Oct U Camp Haan, Calif. 10 Oct LA

Date of action by reviewing authority; sentence
10 Oct LA Aquitted

Serving sen­ tenceat

Date coticed" svn. sent Sft.ss thru i t 9 Nov LA

G-36

Antonio Grandioso B-906972, Private

Assaulting P O T . ' s Charge: AW 93 Specif: Assaulted POWs Morena and Viglianti with

14 Sept LA

H Oct LA 13 Oct LA Utah ASF Depot, 3 years hard labor Ogden, Utah. 11 Oct LA
17 Oct LA Camp Haan, Calif. Aquitted: 17 Oct LA

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

9 Nov LA

knife G-37 Alessandro Vignati IE-5O2O3S, Private
Assault Charge: AW 96 Specif: Striking Italian officer in charge of work detail Sodomy Charge: AW 93 Specif: Committed sodomy with Josef Esser on two occasions G-39 San Bernar­ dino, Eng. Depot, San Bernardino, California. 19 Aug LA P 7 f Camp, Hearne, Te«. 25 Sept LA Notice of aquittal: 7 Nov LA

G-38

Gerhard Weiss 8 , Uffz.

29 Sept

1 Uay LA & 9 May U
2 Oct LA P T 7 Camp, Chaffee, Ark. 2 AUg LA

23 Oct LA Camp Swift, Texas. Aquitted: 23 Oct LA
30 Oct LA Camp C h a f f e e , Ark. 1 Nov LA 16 Nov LA

c£ a iuittal: 21 Nov LA

Paul Bretschneider 31G-127716, Stabsgefreiter Hermann Engst 31G-728U, Obergefreiter Alfred Dufner 31G-73&U Helmut Franz 8WG-23879

Riot and assulting P O W Charge: A W 89, 96 Specif: A W 89: assembled to disturb peace and assault PW. Specif: Pr 96: P W EngSt Struck PR Hnrrannn on bodv Manslaughter Charge: Specif: striking fists stealing A W 93 Killed P W by on face with automobile

10 years hard labor; for­ feit $3 i-'er month for period

'JSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

6 Dec LA

G-4,0

Georgetown Camp !}2, Georgetown, Delaware 15 Sept LA Roswell,

10 Oct LA

16 Nov LA Fort DuPont, Delaware, 16 Nov LA 6 Nov LA Fort Bliss, Texas. 20 Nov LA Scottsbluff, iJebr. sentence on Grebenstein, Hennen, Striepling 20 Nov LA Sentence on Braun and Schroer 21 Nov LA

23 Nov LA 3 years confinement

Fed. Reformatory, Chillicothe, Ohio

Otto Kohlermann 8WS-27777, Gefreiter Benno Rietzsch S7.G-11U0, Obergefrieter
G-A2

12 Oct M

16 Nov LA 3 years hard labor 13 December LA Charges withdrawn against Hoe ring. All others 1 year hard labor

F r i t z Braun, 7X-65656 Private Karl Grebenstein 77G-65S32, Pfc Richard Hennen 7WG-65896, Private Wilhelm hbering 7WG-65928, Pfc Wilhelm Schroer 7WG-36105, Corporal Kurt S t r i e p l i n g 7WG-36008, Corporal

Charge: A W 96 Specif: Stealing Dodge truck Assaulting P O W Charge: A W 93 Specif: Committed assault on P W F r i t s Pitschke by striking h JH on head, face and body with f i s t s , feet, clubs, sticks, and belt

(Transferred to Fed. Cor. I n s t . , Milan. Vlc.h.) USDB, Fort 71 Dec LA Leavenworth, Kansis. Fed. Reformatory, El Reno, Okla.

11 Dec LA (interim) 10 Mar 45 (final)

PS CaJnp,

12 Oct LA

Scottsbluff, Nebr. 11 Aug LA

11 Dec LA (interim) 11 )i&y 45 (final) (Transferred to USbl, Fort Leavenworth. Kansas.)

Accused name, serial no., G-43

Martin Jacobi, 4?.G-26023 Sergeant

iype of offense Charge and specification

Stealing canteen coupons
Charge: AW 93 Specif: Stealing $78 worth of canteen coupons from PW riusch Assault on P V , ' Charge: A'M 93 Specif: Assaulted PW Axmann bv s t rikir.g with fist Sodomy

Place L date crime committed ?V. Camp, Stark,Percy, I. H. 14 -cpt 44

Ack. of 1st notice to Swiss 16 Oct 44

Date, plnce of trial; date of sentence 8 Nov 44 Post Hqs., Ft. Devens, Mass. 8 Uov .C4 27 hov 44 Pi Camp, Douglas, Wyo. 27 Nov 44 4 Dec 44 Fost Hqs., Ft. Devens, Mass. 4 Dec 44 27 Dec 44 PV: Om;., Clsrinda, Iowa. 5 Feb 45

Date of action by authority; sentence 15 ;;ov 44 1 year herd lnbor; f o r f e i t a l l pay "nd allowances for period 17 Dec 44 1 year hard labor

Servirg sentence at L'£dB, Green Haven, a. Y.

Date notice of
sentence sent SwiEl
thru State 21 Uov 44

G-44

F r i t z Schlegel 31G-232949, S/Sgt Jacob Rohnnoser S/Sgt Mlhelm Schmitz 4WG-26058, P r i v a t e

r ? i Camp, Douglas, Wyoming. 4 Oct 44

30 Oct 44

USDB, Fort Leavtn .orth, Kansas

4 Jan 45

G-45

G-46

Hans waldemar Koch 81G-262002, Uffz. F r i t z Tschirner 81G-262183, Soldat

G-47

Karl Haertl 81G-227450, Gefreiter Hans Siebert 81G-22&635, Gefreiter T?alter haiijcennan 81G-228312, Grenadier Enno Meyer, 4TO-333& Hans Stosch, 7WG-45799

G-48

G-49

Werner Bosse, 8WG-54526, 1 s t Lt. F r i t z Prem, 31G-40C73, 2nd L t .

G-50

Andreas Friedrich 3..G-954, Pfc

G-51

Fritz Berke 4TO-5628, Pfc

P W Camp, 1 Nov 44 F t . Devens, Charge: AW 93 iass. Specif: Committed sodomy with 21 a.,.g 44 P T f Schuetz Peach Orchard, 5 Dec 44 Stealing pants and shirt i..issouri Charge: A T , 93 2 Nov 44 Specif: Entered dwelling unlawfully; stole slacks, ants, and shirt, t o t a l value *4.83 Stealing automobile Specif. 1: 13 Dec 44 Gould, Colo. Charge: AW 93 20 Nov 44 Specif: Stealing automobile Specifs. 2&3s valued about §365; unlawfully Jackson Cty, entering dwelling and stealing Colo. 3 shirts valued about $5 21 Nov 44 USDB, Fort 9 Jan 45 Escaping confinement a t F t . Leavenworth, Leaven..orth, Kansas Kansas. 3 Oct 44 Charge: AW 69 Specif: Escaping USDB, Fort Leavenworth. Kansas. PT.r Camp, 4 Jan 45 Stealing automobile; im­ Como, k i s s . personatii.-; D S officers 7 Dec 44 Ciiarge: A T I 9o Specif: Stealiiig automobile valued in excess of $50 and impersonating U S jinny officers ?!hittemore 26 Jan 45 Stealing automobile Ord. Depot, Ft. Devens, Charge: *.?, 96 Mass. Specif: Stealing DS Govt 3 Jan 45 vehicle valued in excess of $50 Khittemore 26 Jan 45 Stealing automobile Ord. Depot, Ft. Devens, Charge: AH % Mass. Specif: Stealing US Govt 3 Jan 45 vehicle valued in excess of $50

7 Dec 44 5 years hard labor

Fed. Refonrator;-, 16 Dec 44 c h i l l i cot he, Ohio (Transferred to Fed. Cor. I n s t . , Milan, Uch.) USDB, f o r t Leavenv.orth, Kansas 14 Apr 45

30 March 45 3 years hard labor

8 Jan 45 rW Camp, Greeley, Colo. 8 Jan 45

5 Ji<ril 45 5 years bird labor

U3DE, Fort Ljavt'ti..orth, fou.sas

13 i'.pr 45

1 Feb 45 USDB, Ft. Leaven­ Worth, Kans. 1 Feb 45 30 Jan 45 P V ; Camp, Como, Lliss. 31 Jan 45

5 Feb 45 6 months hard labor

USDB, Fort Leavenv.orth, Kansas

22 iiar 45

13 Feb 45 Eosr.e: Prem: 3 yrs hard labor 2 yrs hard labor

US Penitentary, Atlanta, Ga. (Transferred to USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.) Eastern Br. USDB, Green Haven, N. Y.

24 Feb 45 (interim) 27 j,pr 45 (final)

19 Feb 45 Ft. Devens, Mass. 19 Feb 45

23 Feb 45 1 Jiear hard labor

10 ,-pr 45

19 Feb 45 Ft. Devens, Mass. 19 Feb 45

23 Feb 45 1 year hard labor

Eastern Br. USDB, Green Kavai, ;j. I.

10 Apr 45

Accused serial no., rank G-52 l.iax Schn. ider 320-53465, Soldat Hor3t Schneider 31G-534H, Soldat

Type of offense Charge and specification Stealing coat fit gloves
Charge: AW 93
Specif: jnlav/full; entering
dwelling and stealing coat &
gloves value less than C20.
Unlawfully entering dwelling
& stealing suit of clothes
value less than '20.

Place crime cojanlt

date

Ack. of 1st notice to

Date, place of t r i a l ; date of ytance

Date of action by reviewing authoritv: sentence

Weber County, 26 Jan 45
Utah
14-15-16 Dec 44

31 Mar 45
21 Feb 45
Utah ASF Depot,
10 years hard labor Ogden, Utah.
21 Feb 45

Date notice of sentence sent Serving sen­ Swiss thru State tence at, 19 Mar 45 Fed. Reformatory, (interim) El Reno, Okla. (Transferred to Fed. Cor. I n s t . , Milan, Mich.)

G-53

Robert Mueller, 8WG-66643, Gefr. Herbert '.Veiss, 8HG-47O75, Obgefr. Roman Dirschl, S1G-.5475, Soldat riarl u'iese, 8 i 'V G -47827, Gefr. Georg Kallweit, 8HO-66S17, Obgefr. ffilli 9auch, 8TO-5159, Soldat Siegfried Grenda, 31G-127808, Gefr. Heinz Drechsler, 87TG-66719, Gefr. H«ms Hrnkes, 8HG-66442, Soldat F r i t z Klmnpo, 81G-85266, Gefr. Karl idannke, 8WG-25293M1, Qgefr. H\lnut Sch-nderlein, 8TC-47760, Gefr. Albert Gertz, 8HG-66399, Obgefr. Kurt Spirdler, 8V/G-66033, Obgefr. Franz Kamir.ski, 31G-20. 197 Soldat Guent.her Utech, 31G-1O615, Soldat Emil R i t t e r , 8TO-4697V, Obgefr. Karl Megand, 81G-5lO656f Soldat G-54 Guiseo.;e Dedola, 811-345227, Sgt. Maj. Fietro ..ntico 811-93126, Sgt. Francesco Timo 811-39967, Sgt.

Riot ar.d assault Charge: A W 89, 93 Specif: A V , ' 89: Assembled to disturb peace, riotously assaulted PWs fcit.h clubs, boarde, feet. Specif: A H 93: assaulted

Fl! Camp, Dermott, Ark. 9 Jan 45

5 Feb 45

27 Feb 45 Pff Camp, Dermott, Arkansas.

7 Apr 45 fciueiler, Weiss, Wiese,. Kaminski, Grenda, each 12
years hard labor; forfeit a l l
pay and allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leaven worth,
Kansas

23 Apr 45

Dirschl, Dreschler, each 8 yrs;
forfeit all pay and allowr-nces
for period
Maruike, Klump;, Spindler, each
7 years; forfeit all pay and
allowances for period
Schenderlein, 5 years; forfeit all
pay and allowances for period
Utech, 5 years; forfeit all pay and
allowances for period
Gertz, sentence remitted

Stealing automobile Charge: A T ;% Specif: Stealing Plymouth automobile valued in excess of $50.

PW Camp, 15 Feb 45
Hereford, Tex.
25 Dec 44

12 Mar 45 P W Camp, Hereford, Texas. \2 liar 45

2A April 45

USDB, Fort Leaven *o r t h , 3 years hard labor; forfeit a l l Kansas pay and allowances for period

4 May

Accused G-55 il Jakob Wick 8WG-5O62, Pfc Wilhelm Lange 8WG-5O33, Pfc Joseph Gebhardt 8WG-16887, Tech 5th Grade Karl Kleiboehmer 81G-&307. S/Sgt Hans Krii.js, 4WG-4944 Obergefreiter

Type of offense Charge and spec! Riot and Assault Charge: AW 89, 96 Specif: AW 89: Assembled to disturb peacej assaulted FWs riotously Specif: AW 96: Assaulted various PWs Assault and disobeyal of order

Place & date crime

Ack. of 1st Date, place of trial; date of notice to 7 Mar 45 Fort Crockett, Texas.

Date of action by reviewing authority; seitence Charges as t o each withdrawn

Serving sen­ tence at

Date notice of sentence sent •frrina thru Stata
Notice of with­ drawal 9 Apr 45

FW Camp, Cp. 12 Feb 45 Wallace, Tex. 3 Jan 45

G-56

G-57

Walter Schultz, 81G-34219, Obergefreiter

G-58

Otto Laske, 4WG-3097 Sert"< ant

G-59

Gunter Kirtz, 7WG-22721 Obergefreiter

G-60 Virgilio Berti IE-906902, Private

G-61

Bernhard Rosa, 3VJG-864 Unteroffizier

16 Feb 45 P W Camp, Cp. Gordon Johnston, Charge: A W 93, 96 Florida. Specif: A T I 93: Assaulted P W AY; 93: Spacif: A W 96: Refused to 12 Dec 44 obey coiunand of superior AH 96: officer 31 Jan 45 PW Camp, Cp. 16 Feb 45 Assault and disobeyal of Gordon Johnsto order Florida. AW 93: Charge: A f t 93, 96 12 Dec 44 Specif: A . V ' 93: Assaulted AY; 96: P W by striking with hands 31 Jan 45 & fist Specif: A V . 96: disobeyal or order of suoorior officer 16 Feb 45 PW Camp, Disobeyal of order Cp. Butner, h. C. Charge: A?; 64 1 Feb 45 Specif: disobeyal of order of American officer Phoenix, 20 Feb 45 Stealing automobile Arizona. 1 Feb 45 Charge: AW % Specif: Stealing Dodge automobile valued in excess of £50 20 Feb 45 Utah ASF Striking superior Depot, Ogden, Charge: AW 64 Specif: Striking his superior Utah. officer, Capt. Francesco 26 Jan 45 3ertetto. with his fists Wear 3utke­ 28 Feb 45 Assault with intent to raoe ville, Va. Charge: 93 24 Jan 45 Specif: Committed assault with intent to rape Catherine Jeter by throwing her to Sodomy Charge: A'.. 96 opecif: Attempted to conui.it sodomy d t h P W Willberg on 3 occassions PV? Camp, 2 Mar 45 Houlton, Me. 28, 30, 31 Jan 45

13 Mar 45 Camp Gordon Johnston, Florida.

6 Apr 45 8 years hard labor; for­ feit a l l pay and allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leavennorth,
Kansas

31 Mar 45 (interim) 23 Apr 45 (final)

14 Mar 45

13 Uar 45 Camp Gordon Johnston, Florida. U Mar 45

6 Apr 45 7 years hard labor

OSDB, Port Leavenworth, Kansas

31 Mar 45 (interim) 23 Apr 45 (final)

13 Mar 45 Cam. Butner, N. C. 13 Mar 45 19 Mar 45 PW Camp, Papago Pk. Arizona. 19 Mar 45 14 Mar 45 Utah ASF Depot, Ogden, Utah. 14 Mar 45 21 Mar 45 Cpmp Pickett, Va.' 21 Mar 45 2 April 45 H . Devero, Mass. * 2 Apr 45

7 Apr 45 10 years hard labor; forfeit a l l pay and
ftHonmnf.es for 31 Mar 45 5 years hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances for period 20 Mar 45 4 years hard labor

DSDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

31 Mar 4f (interim) 23 Apr 45 (final)

USDB, Fort Leave nworth, Kansas

U Apr 45

USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

31 Mar 45

12 Apr 45

USP, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania

15 years hard labor; for­ (Transferred to feit all pay and allowances Fed. Cor. List., for period Milan, Mich.) 7 Apr 45 5 years hard labor; for­ f e i t a l l pay and allowances for period USDB, Green Haven, New York

11 Apr 45 (interim) 27 Apr 45 (final)

Hubert Braun *856332, Soldat

23 Apr 45

Place & date

Accused name. serial no., G-63 Gerhard Ripke, 31G-3,O42,*Feldwebel Hans Schwabel 31G-32561, Unterofiizier
G-64 Werner Willberg A-856329, Soldat

Type of offense Charge and specification Assault Charge: 93 Specif: Assaulted P 7 i Sroka with a hard instrument Sodomy Charge: AT, % Specif: Attempted to commit sodomy with ?K Braun on 3 occasions.

committed PV7 Camp, Indianola, :.ebras'<a. 23 Jan 45 PT Camp, Hoalton, fcair.e. 28, 30, 31 Jin 45

Ack. of 1st notice to Swiss 20 Feb 45

Date, place of trial; date of sentence 19 liar 45 Indianola, Nebraska. 19 Mar Ut

Date of action by revic authcrit". ; sentcr.ce

Serving sei>­
ti. c<. it

22 Mar 45 Each 6 months hard labvr; forfeit $2 per month for period 7 Apr 45 5 years hard labor; for­ feit a l l . ay rind allowances for period 14 Apr 45 2 years hard lptor; forfeit a l l pay and allowances for period 14 Apr 45 5 jears herd lebor; forfeit a l l pay nd allowances for 1? May 45 6 years hard 1'hor; forfeit a l l yiy 'ind allow* nets for period

Guardhi-L.se, P" Camp, Indi«rola, Nebraska JSDB, Breen Haven, N. I .

"e notice of ntf c- sent wlss t: rv ^taf nr 45

9 Mar 45

2 April 4: Fort Devsns, [•lass. 2 Apr 45 11 Apr 45 Fort Dev-.nj Lass. 11 . pr 45 11 «pr 45 Fort Dev;ns, Mass. 11 Apr 45
17 Apr 45 Camp Cooke, C-lif. 17 Apr 45

25 Apr 45

G-65 Viktor Pilawa 313-11848, Private

Sodomy Charge: A W 93 Specif: Committed sodomy with a dog
Sodomy Charge: AT; 93 Specif: Committed sodomy with P V i ' Krause

12 Uar 45 P T T Camp, Westoverfteld, Mass. U Feb 45 P W Camp, Kestover Field, Mass. 15 Jan 45 PVi Camp, Cp. Cooke, Calif. 14 War 45

Fed. Heicn. utor; , Chillicothf, Ohio

45

Ludwig Ruscher 31G-12U5, Gefreiter

Fed. Rei'oir^tory , Chillicothe, Ohio

a; 45

G-67

Karl VTeygand 81G-36556O, Gefreiter Zrich Schramm 81G-35BcO4, Soldat

Stealing dress, wrist watch, and radio Charge: A7.' 93 Specif: Theft of a dress, apron, trrlst watch, and one radio not to exceed t o t a l value of £25. Unlawful entry intent to com. d t larceny

17

45

id

Fed. r-e! ornitorj 1 Rei.o, 0 IT . (Transferred to Fed. Cor. I n s t . , Milan, Mich.)

k May 45 (interim) 26 May 45 (final)

Groneck, Willi 81G-2U47S, Obergefreiter Heinrich /(alter 81G-24443£, Gefreiter Valentin Hartmann 81G-81236. Gefreiter G-69 Heinz Bartel 81G-403V76, Soldat Weidemann, 310-1^9013, Soldat
G-68

tionroe, Va. 26 Feb 45

19 Mar 45

23 Apr 45
Camp Pickett, Virginia. 23 Apr 45

Charge: * V r 93 Specif: Unlav.Tul entry nith intent to coranit larceny Damaged a ^ o t i r e s and tubes Camp Chaffee,
Charge: AW 96 Ark. Specif: Did willfully damage 23 Jan 45 tires and tubes in excess of 150. Fort Knot, Stealing ambulance Ky. 15 Feb 45 Charge: A77 94 Specif: Did take and feloniously steal an ambulance exceeding value of $50.

l e d . Reformatory, Chillicothe, Ohio 20 yeard herd labor; for­ ( 1 ransferred to feit a l l pay and allowances Fed. Cor. I n a t . , for period liilan, Mich.) 6 Ma;' 45 5 years hard labor; for­ feit a l l pay ond allowances for i^exiod

45

17 May 45 (interim) 5 J ne 45 Ifinal)

26 Mar 45

17 Apr 45
Camp Chaffee, Arkansas. 19 Apr 45

15 May 45 USDL, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. Pending lurti er orders con­ fined at Onn Chaffee, Arkansas

G-70 Erwin Biehl, 5WG-2869 Private Heinz Braunstorf, 5^-2890 Corporal F r i t z Jungman, 5T-G-13O93 Corporal Werner Schwnrbeck, G-71 iiusepje D'Angelosante Pfc

4 Apr 45

30 Apr 45 Fort Knox, Kentucky.

Stealing v50 US money

Cp. Snn L. Obisoo,

31 Mar 45 (Italian

Charge: AV, 93 Calif. Specif: Stole 350, property 2 Mar 45 of Burgess, Hq. Co., SCU 1947

Cp. San Louis Obispo, Calif. 23 Apr 45

5 May 45 1 year hard lsior; for­ feit all pay and allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leavenv/orth, Kansas

17 Lky 45

Accused taac, serial no., rank G-72 Fazio, Giuseppe 8E-9020U, Private

-~ype of ofi"ense Charge and specification Attacking P W with snife
Charge: AK 93 Specif: Attack on Cpl.
Zaflino with knife

Place & date crime cormltted
Arlington, California.
10 Mar 45

Ack, of 1st notice to Swiss

Date, place of t r i a l ; date of sentence
3 May 45
Los Angeles
POE, Calif.
3 May 45
1 May 45
Camp McCain,
Mississippi.
1 Kay 45

Date of action by r e v i s i n g auttority; st-rfcnce 10 May 45 3 years hard labor T k k ^ 45 hilbig, 5 years hard labor; Pietzak, 4 years hard labor

Servir.i' se:,­ tencc at USDB, Fort L-evorr. orth, Kansas Lobi , Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

I^te notice of seiil...jc« si-nt Sida:-.thru State 6 June

G-73 Gerhard Hilbig, 81G-30tv£l
Corporal Friedrich Pietaak, 81G-233327, Corporal

Assault on PI
Charge: AW 93 Specif: Both men assaulted Sgt. Wolflock with intent to
do bodily harm .

PW Camp, Cp. Camp McCain, Miss. 13 Mar 45

15 Hay 45

G-74 Michelangelo Aguino 4WI-18362, i r i v a t e

Assault on P T f

Art) 958 15 Jan 45

Charge: kT. 93
Specif: Committed assault on
Cavioli and Baldin filth intent
to do bodily harm
G-75 Jakob idck, 8TO-5O62 Assaulting POEs Cp. Kallace, 6 45 " i l h e l a Lange, 8WG-5O34 Texas. Karl Kleit.o~r.m~r, 81G-8O 7 Charge: k?, E$, % 3 Jan 45 Rudolf Berghaus, 8TC-Sbl& Specif: subjects did r i o t ,
attack and with instruments,
Artur Giel, 8WG-4J-724 feet and hands
Walter Hahn, 8WG-8621 Alfone Huwig, 8KG-4043
Herbert Jensen, 8TC-5OO7
Bruno Koch, 8WJ-5018
Willi Liekam, 8WG-a631
Reinhard Schwenk, 31G-812311
Bruno Neumann, 8WG-5O59
Eberhardt Zierstedt, 31G-240610
Alfred Kjnkelnann. 31G-240270
Guyman, U Apr 45 Stealing automobile G-76 Max Ttolff, 8WG-740 Okla. Obergefreiter 18 May 45 Charge: A V 7 96 Franz Hel^, 8WG-21488 Specif: did take and wrong­ Soldat fully use one automobile
value more than $50. Property
of R.C. Yerberry
P O W Camp, 13 Apr 45 G-77 Rudi Mueller, 9WG-19708 Stealing automobile F t . Ord, Obergefreiter Calif.
W 94 Heluut Schemeit, 9W-19740 Charge: A 3 Uar 45
Specif: did feloniously Obergefreiter take, steal and carry away
Manfred n i t t , 9WG-19592 Soldat _ a track in excess of 150.

Hq. Cent. Pac. Base Cc-rci. ?.n<j, 30 Apr 45

1 iiay 45 Fort Crockett, Texas. 7 lfey 45

9 June 45 Nick, 15 years hard labor; i ' o n c i t a l l pay ar.d allowances for period

USDB, Fort Leavenv.orth, Kansas

18 June 45

Lange, Koch, Neurcann, 12 years hard labor; forfeit a l l pay -md allowances for period Berghaus, Giel, Hahn, Huwig, Jensen, Liekam, Schncnl;, Zierst^dt, Winkelmann, 8 years hard labor, Kleiboehmer, 5 years hard labor: forfeit a l l DBV for period P W Camp, Alva, Okla.
8 May 45

Fort Ord, Calif.
7 May 45 14 May 4 5

25 May 45

USDB, Fort 8 June 45 Leavenworth, Kan. 5 years hard labor; forfeit a l l pay and allowances for petiod

G

-78

Accused Dibella, Giovanni, 8WI-31445, Private

Charge and Speclf ti(
Striking superior officer

W 96 Charge: A Specif: struck his superior G-79 Kamp, Walter, Gefr. 81G-257378 Scheumann, Willi, Gefr. 3VG-1037
Kim, Sang Chun UJ-U6-NA (non-combattant)

Date and place crime mmi^ted Camp John T. Knight, Calif. UMay 45
PW Camp, Indiantown Gap M.R., Pa. 19 Mar 45 PW Base Camp, APO 455 10 Mar 4S

Ack. of 1st Date and place notice 07 of t r i a l ; date Action by reviewing Swiss of sentence authority; sentence 14 May 45 16 July "45 Italian Camp John T. 1 year hard labor; forEmbassy Knight, Calif. *eit pay & allowances for 26 Apr 45
17 Apr 45 (Date of trial changed to 5 July 1945 due to illness) PW Camp, Indian­ town Gap H. R., Pa. 14 May 45 period

Date notice of Serving sen­ sentence sent tence at tmlMm thru 2 State
USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

T? July 11 45

Stole truck Charge: A W 96 Specif: Stole truck property of U.S.. value of $50
Struck guard Charge: AW 93 Specif: did commit assault by striking guard with a dangerous thing

G-80

Legation of Central Pacific Sweden . Base Command, T.H. 17 /pr 45 8 May 45

c

-81

Friedrichs, Guenter, A-056II0, Soldat

Sodomy Charge: A W 96 Specif: Indecent conduct; sodomy Used truck Charge: AW 96 Specif: in that he did use a truck without permit cf owner, value of i50
Stole clothing Charge: AW 93 Specif $ in that they did steal clothing of U.S. in excess of $50 Used truck Charge: AW 96 Specif: Used without consent an Army vehicle Sabotage Charge: IT, 96 Specif: Sabotage of gas tank to extent of $1700

P W Camp, Houlton, Me. 15 Oct 44 PV< Camp, Ft. i'.eade, Lid.
5 Apr 45

21 Apr 45

Fort Devens, Mass. 16 May 45
Fort Meade, Md. 28 May 45

19 May 45 1 year hard labor; forfeit all pay and allowances for period 2 June 45

USDB, Green Haven, N.Y.

25 June 45

G

-82

Kollman, Johann, Pvt. 31G-8425-CAD FroehUtit;, Guehfer, Pvt. 31G-18331-H

23 Apr 45

USDB, Green Haven, N.Y.

25 June 45

3 years hard labor; for­ feit all pay and allowances for period

G-83

G

Corbo, Pas,.uale, Sgt. ttaj. IE-906629 Cusmaijo, Filipp, Cpl. IE-905156 F e r r i r c e l l i , Giovanni, Soldat. IE-905156 -84 Debold, Heinrich, Cpl.
8WG-22490 Boldt, Fritz, Private 31G-2OO819

ISU, Utah ASF Depot, Ogden, Utah. 14 Mar 45
PW Camp, Ft. Sam Houston, Texas. 15 Mar 45 Smith-Douglas Fert. Co., Norfelk, Va. 16 Apr 45

Italian. Embassy 26 Apr 45

Utah ASF Depot, Ogden, Utah 16 May 45

IBP, Leavenworth, Kansas Cusmano, Ferrincelli Not (Transferred to Guilty, Acquitted. ^ j ^G r e e n H a v e Corbo 5 years hard labor JJ# y ) USDB, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas,

5 June 45

26 May 45 (interim)

27 Apr 45

29 May 45 21 June 45 Fort Sam Houston, Texas. 5 years hard labor; f o r ­

28 June

30 Bay 45

G -85 Bebhan, Armir, Obgfr. 31G-5O6922

7 May 45

11 June 45 Fort Story,
Va.

f e l t a l l pay and allowances for period 23 June 1945 USCB, Greien Haven, N.Y.. 5 years hard labor; for­ f e i t a l l pay and allowances for period

3 J u l y 45

G -86 S t i l l , Ferdimnd, Pfd 5WG-13334
G

Stole a boat Charge: A W 96 Specif: Stole a boat Disobedience of orders

Clarkesville, Indiana.

State Dept.

Haendal, Guenter, Pfc 310-83^887 -87 Nolte, Karl, Uffz.

25 ;pr 45
State Dept. none necessary

13 June 45 Fort Knox, Kentucky.

81G-3O7865

22 Mar 45 P Y ? Camp, Cp. Chaffee, Charge: A W 96 Specif: Willful disobedience Ark. of orders of a N C O and the orders of an officer; striking US sergeant.

Camp Chaffee, Ark. 15 June 45

26 June 45 1 year hard labor; for­ f e i t $3 per month for period

USDB, Fort Leavenworth,, Kansas.

3 July 45

G

-S8

Accused Schatzle, Edwin, Obgfr."

Charge and Specification

Date and place ick. of Lrt crime coemitted notice to

Swiss
PW Camp, Rupert, Idaho. 20 Apr 45 State Dept.

Date and place of t r i a l ; date Action by reviewing authority; sentence of sentence
U June 45 Ft. Douglas, Utah l i t June 45 14 June 45 19 June 45 Acquitted

Serving sentence at

Date notice of sentence sent Swiss thru State
none.necessary

Striking superior officer Charge: A W 64 Specif: Striking superior
officer

81G-277879L

G-89 Meurer, Adarc, Pvt. 8PG-7O998

Striking superior officer Charge: Specif:
ofiicer

A W 64 Striking superior

PW Camp, Rupert, State Idaho. Dept. 20 , pr 45

20 June 1945

F t . Douglas, Utah. 14 June 45 14 June 45 F t . Douglas, Utah. 14 June 45 <