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pirovnebis fsiqologia
zogadi mimoxilva
personologia mecniereba
adamianis Sesaxeb
()
, () ()
(Murray H. , 2008) .

Sesavali.................................................................................................................................................................3
pirovnebis fsiqologia: warsuli da awmyo ......................................................................................4
dargis formireba .........................................................................................................................................5
Tanamedrove pirovnebis fsiqologiis ganviTarebis etapebi ............................................7
1: - 1930 ..........................................................................7
2: - 1930-1950 ......................................................................................8
3: - 1950-1970 .............................................................................9
4: - 1970- ........................................................................... 10
pirovnebis fsiqologia da fsiqologiis sxva dargebi ...................................................... 10
pirovnebis fsiqologiis struqtura ............................................................................................. 12
pirovneba, rogorc mecnieruli kvlevis sfero ....................................................................... 14
pirovnebis cneba ............................................................................................................................................ 15
terminis etimologia............................................................................................................................. 15
ra aris pirovneba ..................................................................................................................................... 16
........................................................................................................................ 16
pirovnebis cnebis olportiseuli klasifikacia da miseuli gamarteba .................. 18
, ......................................................................... 19
pirovnebis fsiqologiis ZiriTadi mimarTulebebi .................................................................. 20
fsiqodinamikuri Teoriebi .................................................................................................................. 20

biheviorizmi ................................................................................................................................................ 20
humanizmi ........................................................................................................................................................ 20
socialuri daswavlis Teoriebi ...................................................................................................... 21
situacionizmi ............................................................................................................................................ 21
pirovnebis Teoria: mimoxilva .............................................................................................................. 21
ra aris Teoria .......................................................................................................................................... 21
............................................................................................................................. 23
................................................................................................................................... 24
ra aris pirovnebis Teoria ................................................................................................................. 25
pirovnebis Teoriis funqciebi .......................................................................................................... 26
................................................................................................................................................................ 26
............................................................................................................................................. 27
pirovnebis Teoriebi da sxva fsiqologiuri Teoriebi..................................................... 28
pirovnebis Teoriis Sefasebis kriteriumebi ............................................................................ 29
().................................................................................................... 29
.................................................................................................................... 30
....................................................................................................................... 31
............................................................................................................................................. 31
( ) ............................ 32
.............................................................................................................. 32
pirovnebis Teoriis komponentebi ...................................................................................................... 33
pirovnebis struqtura ............................................................................................................................ 34
.............................................................................................................. 34
................................................................................................................. 35
pirovnebis dinamika.................................................................................................................................. 36
pirovnebis ganviTareba .......................................................................................................................... 36
fsiqopaTologia ....................................................................................................................................... 38
fsiqikuri janmrTeloba ........................................................................................................................ 39
pirovnebis Secvla Terapiuli zemoqmedebiT ........................................................................... 40
pirovnebis fsiqologiis ori ZiriTadi mimarTuleba ............................................................ 41
golfrid vilhelm lainbnici (1646-1716)......................................................................................... 43

jon loki (1632-1702)................................................................................................................................... 44


........................................................................................................................... 45

Sesavali

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pirovnebis fsiqologia: warsuli da awmyo

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D. P., 2006).

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dargis formireba

1930- . , ,
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1930- .
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and Briggs, S., 1997).

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: () - ;
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Tanamedrove pirovnebis fsiqologiis ganviTarebis etapebi


(McAdams, D. P.,
1996): (1) 1930- ; (2) 1930- 1950 ; (3) 1950- 1970 ; (4) 1970-
(McAdams, D. P., 2006). .

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,
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1997). (1852) ( la morale ),
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(1923/1961) . , - (self-as-me,
-), , ,
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, (Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and Briggs, S.,
1997).

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. 1930-
1940- ,
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(1952) , (1942) , (1955)

(McAdams, D. P., 2006).
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( ) .

3: - 1950-1970
1950- 1970
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/
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, (Eysenk, 1952), (Taylor, 1953),
(McClelland, 1961) , ,
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(McAdams, D. P., 2006).
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(McAdams, D. P., 2006). , ,
, : (., Cronbach
& Meehl, 1955; Loevinger, 1957)?
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(., Block, 1965; Edwards, 1957; Jackson & Messik, 1958)? (McAdams, D. P., 2006).
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, . , (1971,
McAdams, 2006)

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(1974, McAdams, 2006)

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McAdams, 2006) ,

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1970- 1980- (McAdams, D. P.,
2006).

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1970
.
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(Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and Briggs, S., 1997; Maddi,
1968; McAdams, D. P., 1996). - - ,

(kenrick & Funder, 1988,
McAdams, 2006).

(McCrae R. R., Costa, P. T., 2003).


/ ,
. 10-15

, , (McAdams, D. P., 2006).

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(McAdams, D. P., 2006) ,
, .

pirovnebis fsiqologia da fsiqologiis sxva dargebi


,
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(McAdams, D. P., 2006).

10

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11

pirovnebis fsiqologiis struqtura


(Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and
Briggs, S., 1997; McAdams, D. P., 2006):
1.

, , .
2.

, , , ,
.
3.

- . , , ,
(Cronbach, 1957 Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and Briggs, S., 1997).
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(Craik, 1986 Hogan, R.;
Johnson, J. and Briggs, S., 1997): / , ,
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.
4.

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- (Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and Briggs, S., 1997)

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( ),
, (McAdams, D. P.,
2006).

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(Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and Briggs, S., 1997).
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(1)

(2)


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//

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Hogan, R.; Johnson, J. and Briggs, S., 1997.

pirovneba, rogorc mecnieruli kvlevis sfero

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.
, ( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis cneba
terminis etimologia
,
, , _
, . ,
.
,

. ,
( ., ., 1997).
(106-43 . . -) (Allport, G. W., 1937)
: (1) (, ), (2) ,
(, ); (3) ,
; (4) , , ,
.

15

ra aris pirovneba


( ., ., 2002).
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(1980) (Dillinger, T. G., Weigemann D. A. and Taneja N., 2003),
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( ., ., 1997).

17

pirovnebis cnebis olportiseuli klasifikacia da miseuli


gamarteba

49 (Robins, R.
W., Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F., 2007). , ,
. : , ( ., ., 1997):

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., 1997) ( . 2).
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19

pirovnebis fsiqologiis ZiriTadi mimarTulebebi


fsiqodinamikuri Teoriebi
, , , , , .

, ,

( ). ,
,
, ( .,
., 1997).

biheviorizmi
. ,
,
, :
( )
,
( ., ., 1997).

humanizmi
,

. , ,
, , (
), ( )

. ,
- ( ., ., 1997).

20

socialuri daswavlis Teoriebi

, , ,
. ,
: , ,
_ _
,
(, ) ; ,

, ,
,

( ., ., 1997).

situacionizmi

,
() .
() ,
,
. ,
, ( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis Teoria: mimoxilva


ra aris Teoria
(Robins, R. W., Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F., 2007).
, ,
.
, .
( . ., ., 1997).

21

, ,
:
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Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F., 2007).
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( ., ., 1997).
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(Robins, R. W., Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F., 2007).

22


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( ., ., 1997).
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( ., ., 1997).

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( ., .,
1997).

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( ., ., 1997).

ra aris pirovnebis Teoria


, , ,
,
(Robins, R. W., Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F., 2007).
,

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25

, ,
, .
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( )
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( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis Teoriis funqciebi


(Robins, R. W., Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F., 2007).


.

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( ) ,
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26

( ., ., 1997).

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,

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( ., ., 1997).
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27

. ,
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( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis Teoriebi da sxva fsiqologiuri Teoriebi


,

. :
.
( .,
., 1997).
,
,

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( ) . ,

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, ;

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( ., ., 1997).
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28

, , , , ,
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, , ;
, - .

, .

.
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,

()

( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis Teoriis Sefasebis kriteriumebi


:
?
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?
.
: ,
( ., ., 1997).

()
,
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, ,

.
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,
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..

29

. ,
.
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;

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( ., ., 1997).
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()
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( ., ., 1997).



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( ., ., 1997).

30


. ,
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( ., ., 1997).


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,

: () , ; ()
; ()
( ., ., 1997).


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31

. ,
( ., ., 1997).

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( ., ., 1997).
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( ., ., 1997).


,
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32

, ,
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,

:
1. ?

. , , ,
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.
2. ?
,
,
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.
, ,
, ,
( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis Teoriis komponentebi

, . ,
,
. ,
.
_
( ., ., 1997).

33

pirovnebis struqtura
,

. ,

. ,
, ( ., ., 1997).

.
( ., 1997; , . , ., 2009):


,
(5) . ,
, , , .. .
- ;
.

,
. , ,
,

.
, . ,
,
.

, ,
(, . , ., 2009;
., 1997).

_ . trait _ , , , .

34


, (
) .
,
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, , :
. , _ .
_
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,

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,
(, . , ., 2009).

. , , (, , -)
.

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.
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, , ,

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( ., ., 1997).

35

pirovnebis dinamika
,
.

, , .
:
?;
?

. ,
_ _
. ..

( ) ,
()

. ,
, , , ,
( ., ., 1997).


. , ,
- , , ,
; , ,
( ., .,
1997).

pirovnebis ganviTareba
, ,
,

, ,
. ,

. ,

36

. - .
. ,

. - ,

. .

, - ,
,

( ., ., 1997).
.
: ,
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.
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,
,

. , .

( ., ., 1997).

. ,
.

. ,
,

37

. ,

.
,

; ,
. ,

( ., ., 1997).

fsiqopaTologia
, _
,

,
. _
()

( ., ., 1997).

. , ,

. (
) .
.

, , , .

. , ,

( ., ., 1997).

38

, , ,
, . , ,
;

. ,

() .

. ,
,

- ( ., ., 1997).

fsiqikuri janmrTeloba
,
. ,
.
.

. , ,

. ,
,

, , ,
, .

( ., ., 1997).

() . ,
, ,

39

, . ,
, , ,
.

. ,
, .

(
)

). , ,

, , ,
, ( ., ., 1997).
,
.

pirovnebis Secvla Terapiuli zemoqmedebiT



, ,
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( ., ., 1997).

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40

, ,

, ,

( ., ., 1997).

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,
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.

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.
,
( ., ., 1997).

pirovnebis fsiqologiis ori ZiriTadi mimarTuleba


(. 3):
1. . , :
1)

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;

41

2)

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;

3)

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4)

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5)

2. -.
3. .

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42

. ,

golfrid vilhelm lainbnici (1646-1716)

. ,

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; (
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jon loki (1632-1702)


.

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44

. . ,
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. , , .
.
,
.


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Allport, G. W. (1937). Personality: A Psychologival Interpretation. New York: Holt and Company.
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Maddi, S. (1968). Personality Theories: a compatarive analysis. Homewood, III: Dorsey Press.
McAdams, D. P. (1996). Personality, modernity, and the storied self: A contemporary framework for studying
persons. Psychological Inquiry, 7(4), 295321.
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Interdisciplinary Perspective on the Life Course: Adcances in Life Course Research, vol.10 (pp. 237-258).
London: Epsevier Ltd.
McAdams, D. P. (2006). The Person: A New Introduction to Personality Psychology. USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
McCrae R. R., Costa, P. T. (2003). Personality in Adulthood: A Five Factor Theory Perspective, 2nd ed. The Guilford
Press: New York, London.
Murray, H. (2008). Explorations in Personality. Oxford: University Press.
Murray, H. (2008). Explorations in Personality. Oxford: University Press.
Robins, R. W., Fraley, R. Ch., Krueger, R. F. (2007). Handbook of Research Methods in Personality Psychology.
New York, London: The Guilford Press.

45

., . (2003). . : . .
., . (2002). , . : . .
. ., . (1997). . : +.
., . (1997). . . .
, . , . (2009). . : .

46