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# PROCESSCONTROL

1. Gain and time constant of a First order system with transfer function are 2. Polesandzerosofthetransferfunction

y (s ) 1 = x(s ) 2s + 1

## y (s ) s2 1 = are x(s ) 0.5s + 1

3. Degreeoffreedomis a. TotalNo.ofdependentvariablesinthesystem b. TotalNo.ofindependentvariablesinthesystem c. TotalNo.ofindependentvariablestobespecifiedinthesystem d. NoofequationsNoofvariables 1 4. Roots of the open loop characteristic equation having Gp = , Gc=2, Gf=1 and 2s + 1 Gm=2are 5. RepeatQuestion(4)forclosedloop. 6. Gain and time constant of a First order system with transfer function y (s ) 1 are = x(s ) s + 1 0.5
1 1 7. Thesystemwithtransferfunction is s +1 s + 2 a. Oscillating b. NonOscillating c. CriticallyOscillating 1 8. Second order transfer function is given by 2 s + s + 1 . What is the percentage of dampingawayfromcriticality? a. 20% b.40% c.50% d.82% 9. In a distillation operation, what are the controlled variables, manipulated variables andsetpoints? 10. RepeattheQuestion(9)forextraction. 11. Ifareaofthetankisdoubled,timeconstantwillbecome a. Double b.half c.fourtimes d.constant

12. Timeconstantisindependentof a. mass b. capacitancetostoremass c. resistancetoflow d. distancevelocitylag 13. P is a. b. c. d. 14. d is a. b. c. d. 15. t R is a. b. c. d. 16. TR is a. b. c. d. Referencetemperature Referencetime Risetime Responsetime Distancevelocitylag Derivativetimeconstant Deviationtimeconstant Disturbancetimeconstant Puredelay Processingtime Processtimeconstant Responsetime

## thePcontrolleris 18. Pickoutthefirstordersystemfromamongthefollowing a. Dampedvibrator b. Mercuryinglassthermometerkeptinboilingwater c. Interactingsystemoftwotanksinseries d. NonInteractingsystemoftwotanksinseries

19. Responseofasystemtoasinusoidalinputiscalled 20. For two noninteracting first order systems connected in series, the overall transfer functionis a. Productoftheindividualtransferfunctions b. Additionoftheindividualtransferfunctions c. Differenceoftheindividualtransferfunctions d. Cantnotbedetermined 21. For two noninteracting first order systems connected in series, the overall transfer functionis a. Productoftheindividualtransferfunctions b. Additionoftheindividualtransferfunctions c. Differenceoftheindividualtransferfunctions d. Ratiooftheindividualtransferfunctions 22. Responseofalinearcontrolsystemforachangeinsetpointiscalled a. Servoproblem b. Regulatoryproblem c. TransientProblem d. Frequencyresponse 23. Asdampingcoefficientincreases,overshoot a. Increases b.Decreases c.Remainsconstant 24. Asdampingcoefficientincreases,decayratio a. Increases b.Decreases c.Remainsconstant G 25. Draw a block diagram for a transfer function given by , where G = G1G2G3 1 + GH and H = H 1 H 2 H 3 . 26. Bodediagramisaplotof 27. Gainmarginis a. DifferencebetweenAR c. ReciprocalofAR 28. Servoproblemmeans a. Setpointconstant c. Setpointchange

b. d.

AdditionofAR MultiplicationofAR

b. d.

Loadconstant both(b)and(c)

29. Regulatoryproblemmeans a. Setpointconstant b. Loadconstant c. Setpointchange d. both(b)and(c) 30. Infeedbackloop,controlactionistakenon 31. Infeedforwardloop,controlactionistakenon 32. Nyquistplotisusedtorepresent a. Frequencyresponse b. Bodediagram c. Sinusoidalresponse d. Noneofthese 33. RouthHarwitzstabilitycriteriaisappliedto a. Openloop b. Closedloop c. Both(a)and(b) d. Noneofthese 34. Amplituderatiois a. Ratioofinputamplitudetooutputamplitude b. Ratioofoutputamplitudetoinputamplitude c. Independentofgain d. Both(a)and(c) 35. Phaselagis a. Transportationlag b. Distancevelocitylag c. PhaseDifferencebetweeninputandoutputresponseoffrequencyresponse d. Phasedifferenceatamplitudechange 36. Whatisthephaselagofsinusoidalresponseoffirstordersystem? a. 90 b.45 c.180 d.60 10 37. A system has transfer function 2 . A step change of 4 unit magnitude is s + 1.6s + 4 introducedinthesystem.Thepercentovershootis a. 20 b.30 c.25 d.35 38. Athermometerfollowsafirstordersystemwithtimeconstant0.2min.Itisplacedin a temperature bath at 100C and allowed to reach steady state. It is suddenly transferredtoanotherbathat150Catt=0andislefttherefor2min.Itstemperature readingatt=0.1minis a. 119C b.130C c.127C d.145C

39. ForfollowingGivenblockdiagram:
a. Determinethemaximumgainforthestableoperation. b. Determinethecorrespondingfrequencyofoscillations.

40. Aclosedloopfeedbackcontrolsystemconsistsofasecondorderprocess,
KP ( s + 1)( s + 1) , and a proportional controller (Kc). The roots of the 2 1 characteristics equation of the closed loop system are 2 and 1 in the absence of controllerandrootsare 1.5 0.5i whencontrollerKc=4.Determine K P , 1 , 2 .

41. Thecharacteristicsequationforaclosedloopsystemisgivenby

s 4 + 4 s 3 + 6s 2 + 2 s + 3 = 0 .Checkwhetherthesystemisstableornot. 42. Find the minimum value of K such that the following closed loop characteristic
equationisstable: s 3 + Ks 2 + ( K + 1) s + 4 = 0 [Ans.:K>2] 43. Transferfunctionofpuredeadtimewithdeadtimeconstant D is a.

1 Ds + 1

b. D s + 1

c. e D s

d. e D s

44. Theoffsetintroducedbytheproportionalcontroller,havinggainKc,tothefirstorder systemcanbereducedby a. Increasinggain b.Reducinggain c. Introducingderivativecontroller d.Noneofthese 45. When a thermometer at 300C is placed in a water bath at 900C, the initial rate of riseinthermometertemperatureisfoundtobe20C/sec.Whatisthetimeconstant of the thermometer, assuming it is a first order device with unity steady state gain? Whatwillthermometerreadafteroneminute? 46. Amplituderatiocorrespondingtocrossoverfrequencyof10rad/secisfoundtobe1.

a. Whatisultimategain? b. Whatistheperiodofsustainedoscillationscorrespondingtoultimategain? c. Ifproportionalcontrollerisused,whatvalueoftheKcwillurecommend? 47. The transfer functions of process, measuring element, controller and control valve havebeengivenas KP GP = , Gm=1, Gc=Kc and Gv=1. The root locus diagram of the system is (s + 2 )(s + 4 ) givenbelow. a. WhatarepointsAandB? b. AtKc=1,therootsofthesystemarelocatedatpointC.WhatispointC? c. DeterminethevalueofKp. 48. Resettimeis a. Timerequiredtosettledownthesystem b. Timerequiredtosetasystemtonewsteadystate c. Timerequiredtomakesystemstable d. Noneofthese 49. A integral controller repeats the action of proportional controller in 2 min. What is theresetrate? 50.