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Survival English

Survival English

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Survival English
Survival English

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J.F. de Freitas

Дж.Ф. де Фрейтас

Survival English
Practice in everyday communication
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without permission.

Минимум для общения
Практическое пособие по разговорному английскому языку
Предисловие и учебный аппарат кандидата филологических наук Т. И. Арбековой

The Macmillan Press London

Москва «Высшая школа» 1982

ББК 81.2 Англ-9 Ф86

Contents
page Предисловие Introduction Who the book is for What the book is for About the book To the teacher Notional categories Accusal and defence Advice Agreement and disagreement Annoyance Apology Approval and disapproval Belief and disbelief 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 52 54 56 58 60 7 9 Introduction Invitation Like and dislike Loss (for words) Necessity Obligation Opinion Permission Pleasure and displeasure Possibility and impossibility Praise and criticism Preference Probability and improbability Promise Refusal Regret Reluctance Report Reproach Request Request (for repetition) Suggestion Surprise Sympathy Volition Supplement Section I Greeting, Introduction, Gratitude Section II Agreement and Disagreement, Opinion, Certainty and Uncertainty, Conclusion Section HI Apology, Complaint, 113 62 64 66 68 70 72 74 76 78 80 82 84 86 88 90 92 94 96 98 100 102 104 106 108 110 113 113

Фрейтас Дж. Ф. де Ф86 Минимум для общения: Практическое пособие по разговорному английскому языку. — Survival English. Practice in Everyday Communication./Предисл. и учебн. аппарат Т. И. Арбековой. — М: Высш. школа, 1982. — 135 с.
40 к.
Настоящее пособие является воспроизведением издания английской фирмы «Макмиллан Пресс Лтд». Цель пособия — помочь студентам овладеть некоторыми общеупотребительными речевыми единицами английского языка. Лексический материал, на базе которого проводится активизация речевых единиц, представляет собой также коммуникативно важные образцы, необходимые для естественного речевого общения. Для более эффективного использования в учебном процессе в советских вузах пособие дополнено предисловием и учебным аппаратом. Предназначается для студентов первого и второго курсов институтов и факультетов иностранных языков. ф

Cause Certainty and uncertainty Command, prohibition and compliance Complaint, apology / excuse Conclusion Contradiction / Denial Direction Disappointment Distress Forecast Gratitude Greeting Hypothesis / Supposition Ignorance Incredulity Indifference Intention Interrogation

4602010000- 435 212-82 001(01)-82

ББК 81.2 Англ-9 4И (Англ)

© Illustrations The Macmillan Press 1978

© Text J. F. de Freitas 1978 First Printing 1978 First Printing in USSR 1982

© Предисловие на русском языке, учебный аппарат, иллюстрации в Приложении Издательство «Высшая школа», 1982.

п. которые используются в типовых повседневных ситуациях и без знания которых невозможно естественное речевое общение1. но обладающих одним из признаков последних: обусловленным языковой традицией постоянством состава). Pleasure and Displeasure. который вводит материал. Forecast. Prohibition and Compliance. Без знания определенного минимума таких единиц невозможно логически правильное и эмоционально адекватное оформление высказываний. Пособие снабжено «Приложением» (Supplement). е. Probability and Improbability. Preference 126 Section VIII Belief and Disbelief. Предлагаемые в пособии задания носят в большинстве случаев творческий характер и не могут быть достаточно успешно выполнены без минимальной предварительной тренировки. по его мнению. что представление автора о словаре-минимуме (Survival English) отличается от принятого в советской методике понимания этого термина. волеизъявления. Необходимость добавления «Приложения». Possibility and Impossibility Section X Advice. В связи с наличием в пособии большого количества синонимов представляется уместным заметить. Command. Incredulity. Volition. Suggestion. Promise. Necessity. в которых могут быть использованы тренируемые конструкции. Request (for Repetition). Sympathy 118 Section V Interrogation. 2 1 . не являющихся фразеологизмами. Permission. что наряду с умением конструировать коммуникативные единицы владение иностранным языком предполагает также навык ситуативно уместного использования неконструируемых речевых единиц (т. Loss (for Words) 119 Section VI Request. По своей семантике отобранные клише являются средством выражения эмоциональной оценки. Оглавление). Методическая схема использования пособия дана автором в предисловии. Indifference Section IX Intention. Содержащиеся в «Приложении» задания следует выполнять перед прохождением соответствующих разделов пособия. Report 124 Section VII Approval and Disapproval. «Приложение» должно сделать пособие пригодным для занимающихся самостоятельно (упражнения содержат примеры типичных контекстов. Praise and Criticism. Like and Dislike.Contents 6 Предисловие Apology/ Excuse 116 Section IV Distress. Regret. так как представляет собой коммуникативно важные речевые образцы. которые. Reluctance Section XI Reproach. Cause. Пособие фактически рассчитано на работу с преподавателем. используемыми в диалогической речи. Annoyance. Accusal and Defence Section XII Hypothesis / Supposition Review 127 129 130 131 132 133 Общеизвестно. активизируются наиболее употребительные из приводимых в списке синонимов)2. т. Лексический материал. отбирает из ряда синонимичных конструкций те. Surprise. вызвана следующими причинами. Obligation. должны быть доведены до активного владения. (см. побуждения и т. Ignorance. 2. сам по себе также является полезным для студентов. на базе которого проводится активизация конструкций избранной тематики. серии дополнительных предваряющих упражнений. Советские методисты считают. единиц. Direction. е. Коммуникативная ценность конструкций принималась во внимание также при составлении «Приложения». Disappointment. Цель предлагаемого советскому читателю пособия — помочь изучающим английский язык овладеть некоторыми общеупотребительными единицами такого типа. а также контролирует выполнение упражнений. Refusal. 1. что стараться доводить до стадии репродуктивного владения большое количество адекватных средств выражения на начальном этапе является нецелесообразным. Invitation.

for example. и упражнения каждого из них основаны только на лексике одного раздела. it was necessary to devise materials not geared to a syllabus but arising spontaneously from students' needs and requests. WHAT THE BOOK IS FOR The book is a practical handbook for: 1 classroom work 2 private study 3 reference It aims to: 1 focus the learner's attention on the spoken language. A 'speech workshop' was established. and not a course book. Пособие можно рекомендовать студентам первого и второго курсов университетов. но не рекомендуемое для учебных материалов). в каждом разделе «Приложения» имеются упражнения на перевод. Introduction WHO THE BOOK IS FOR 9 The book is intended for: 1 the learner who has a good formal knowledge of the language but is not always able to apply this in everyday speech. 2 provide him with a handbook of important notional categories and their use. aimed to give students of all levels practice in spoken English. The students came from all over the world. For the sake of clarity and easy reference. Так как при работе над неварьируемымй речевыми единицами переводные (вернее. Intonation marks have been avoided as these have been found to be less a help than a hindrance to all. These categories are now arranged alphabetically. Thus. It is left to the teacher to clarify further if necessary. this includes 2 learners both at the intermediate and advanced levels of proficiency. и количество их может быть пополнено самими учащимися. Для проверки способности учащихся давать общепринятую речевую реакцию на тематически не связанные реплики в «Приложение» включено несколько обзорных упражнений. 5. Алфавитное расположение тем (удобное для справочных. It is hoped that the selection of categories is comprehensive. dealing with those categories of expression where the lack of colloquial fluency was most felt. It will of course surprise no student of language to see that some of these expressions appear in several categories: language after all varies in meaning according to context. and under each heading will be found the commonest expressions in current use. а также студентам неязыковых высших учебных заведений. the 'expressions' are shown in clear contexts. language has not been graded. а также излишне мелкое их дробление несколько затрудняют использование книги в качестве учебного пособия. in the course of time. ABOUT THE BOOK This book comprises materials used over several years with adult learners of English as a foreign language in Londori. their charming but often awkward ways of expressing thanks led to the unit on Gratitude. подстановочно-переводные) упражнения являются необходимыми. but it cannot pretend to be exhaustive. As its classes were voluntary. желающим добиться репродуктивного владения формулами-клише диалогической речи.Предисловие 3. (Составление переводов на лексической основе такого рода не представляет трудности. и все задания могут выполняться со слуха. Within each category only those expressions likely to be most useful to the learner have been included. 3 help' him 'survive' wherever current English is required. Detailed suggestions for classroom procedure are given in the next section. Для удобства работы и в целях экономии учебных усилий материал тематически близких и логически связанных разделов в «Приложении» объединен. . Their inability to apologise effectively on arriving late. 4. a series of units were evolved. and cannot always be confined within fixed boundaries. педвузов и институтов и факультетов иностранных языков. Разделы пособия полностью автономны. He is likewise free to add or omit expressions as he sees fit. Книга адресована разноязычной аудитории и не содержит переводных упражнений. was the source of the sections on Apology and Cause. from very different social backgrounds and with wide-ranging levels of ability in English. and language too formal or subtle to be of relevance to non-native speakers has been avoided.) Содержащийся в «Приложении» материал может быть записан на магнитофонную ленту. Since the book is intended to be a handbook for practice. extra-curricular and of very mixed grades. The teacher and / or student is free to select categories wherever the need arises.

with the options in italics. The students practise in pairs. in suitable contexts (e. The use of a tape recorder is recommended wherever possible. (c) Oral presentation and practice: The students respond either chorally.10 Introduction Introduction 11 TO THE TEACHER Each unit consists of a Presentation and practice section followed by three exercises: 1 Further practice 2 Dialogue 3 Free practice A unit takes about an hour to complete in the classroom. fares. 3 Role-play the dialogue . if any. The main object of this is to introduce variety into the learning process and also to relate the language to a realistic incident. Reassure them that what they have said is possible. Play it again. The class should imitate as closely as possible the tone of voice used by the teacher (or tape) to indicate the particular mood. For the presentation of these units. 4 (BOOKS OPEN) The students are now ready to work in pairs. Allow them to defend themselves as best they can. Only when there are genuine difficulties or gross mispronunciations should the teacher correct The learners are free to practise in as relaxed and natural a fashion as possible. not doing homework. 2 Promote interest in topic: (e. (b) Introduce the topic. Use visuals and other aids if necessary. de Freitas . g. They may simply deny the accusation ineffectually. In others there are gaps for the students to fill in as they wish. T E A C H E R You left the lights on. exaggerate these features for more effective mimicry. D'you travel by bus? D'you like it? Are the fares high? Have you ever been given the wrong change? etc). g. Learners wishing to use variations or alternatives to those on the printed page are encouraged to do so. Oxford Circus). or individually. Continue in the same way through the list of expressions denoting Defence (Section B). At this stage they begin to feel that they are conducting a normal dialogue and not merely going through a drill. F. in groups. role-playing in pairs. The learner will understand that he might have to 'defend' himself in all sorts of unforeseeable situations and that linguistic adjustments might be necessary. It should not be thought that the situation is any more than one of innumerable settings that could be used to contextualise the language. T E A C H E R I don't think I did. Exercise 2: Dialogue ( B O O K S S H U T / O P E N ) The language that the learners have been practising in varied contexts is now placed in a situation. or just look puzzled. In some dialogues no options are given. The teacher monitors the class discreetly. This exercise is intended to take the learner one step closer to 'free' communication. T E A C H E R Of course I didn't. in short utterances . etc. but that they need to learn to defend themselves more effectively. missing class. so the less interference from the teacher the better. Meaning and mood can be conveyed by the teacher with the aid of gesture and facial expression. smile. let us take as an example Unit 1: Accusal and defence. Stimulate motivation by explaining that they must learn to stand their own ground without sounding unnecessarily rude. being late. To present the dialogue: ( B O O K S S H U T ) 1 Teach new vocabulary. Accuse students of things you know they haven't done (e.the students repeating in chorus or Explain the importance of intonation. g. etc). The teacher continues to guide them but only when necessary. These can be corrected at home by the teacher and returned to the learners for possible renderings in class later. with little or no interference from the The written dialogues are versions of their own conversations. or in groups. interfering as little as possible. Exercise 1: Further practice ( B O O K S O P E N ) This section is an extension of the Presentation and practice section. in different ways and situations. (polite) CLASS I don't think I did. Learners should be encouraged to converse uninterruptedly.the students listening. If necessary. CLASS You left the lights on. J. (assertive) CLASS Of course I didn't. changing partners and roles whenever they wish. It is imperative that the learner should: 1 understand what he is saying 2 appreciate the link between tone and meaning 3 acquire the appropriate intonation (d) Practice in pairs ( B O O K S O P E N ) The learners are now prepared to practise on their own. Exercise 3: Free practice The 'freer' the practice in this last section the better. Presentation and practice ( B O O K S S H U T ) (a) Ensure that the students know the vocabulary that features in the accusal section (Section A). changing partners and roles.

you know. A B A B A B A B A B A B A B A Any more fares? Oxford Circus. I'm sorry. left the (lights/car lights/gas fire / electric fire) on left the (window/ door/ car door) open drank my (coffee/tea/milk/coke) took my (pen/umbrella) gave me the wrong change parked your car on yellow lines dropped some ink on my new carpet 2 B I'm sorry. No. You still owe me £10. Of coarse I didn't. I Look. I don't. I did. You know. I Really? Did I? Are you sure? What makes you (think/say) that? I beg your pardon! Nonsense! (Of course I didn't) You're joking! (Of course I didn't) Come off it! polite assertive explanatory doubting surprised offended jocular colloquial 3 Accuse someone of something..12 Accusal A You and Defence 1 Tell someone that he or she: 1 told you a lie 2 stole your gloves / handbag / passport 3 didn't pay the rent / fare / bill 4 didn't renew his / her visa 5 owes you some money He or she will respond by using one of the expressions in Section B. yes I am. here's the lOp you gave me. Are ? Absolutely sure. Yes. sir. you're right. B No. I know. . 13 Someone accuses yon of having done something wrong.. The fare's 30p now. I don't (right) Oh.) EXAMPLE A You owe me some money. I paid you back last month. you haven't done it. or feel. Oh no. I didn't. but I don't think . When you have finished talking. But you only gave me 10p. Here are some ways of defending yourself. ? Absolutely. please. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. No. (You may need to change the verb tense. I didn't. but I don't think But anyhow here's another 20p. No. The person will defend him / herself.

. I don't know where to go for my holidays. but I can't. I don't think yon should You'd better not \ advise you not to Don't You mustn't formal emphatic emphatic 3 A friend of h i s / h e r job. (1) parents boyfriend girlfriend husband wife daughter son boss partner (2) Why don't you ? If I were you I'd I think you should .—? (I would if I were you..) If I were yon I'd (I think) yon should (I think) yon'd better I advise yon to Yon must If I were yon I wouldn't.. I advise you to You must (1) What shall I do? I've failed all my exams. write down in yours asks you for advice. When you have finished talking. an earache. He /She doesn't like is short of money. wallet. an awful toothache.14 Advice A I've got Advice 15 Here are some ways of giving advice in English. but (2) say it was your fault. I think you'd better.. (?) A Oh. B Maybe. dialogue form the conversation you have had. handbag. he / she lives. I've lost my I don't feel at all well.. B Why don't you . umbrella. 1 a terrible cold. passport. a bad headache. cheque book. I don't know whether to take up law or medicine. . It wasn't my fault. . to: work harder / worry less / eat more / eat less / get married Advise me not to: go to bed so late / waste my time/ spend so much money / be rude to a policeman A I'm afraid I've had a terrible row with my B (2) apologise. Advise me. doesn't like the place where Advise your friend.

(I did too) It's one of the best that have come out this year. That's ridiculous. I (quite) agree (with you).) (Sorry. Nonsense. MARGARET FRIEND MARGARET FRIEND I thought that quite a good film. He liked it. it is) tea is nicer than coffee travelling is always pleasant all wars are evil B (Yes. I'm afraid I don't agree. surely. (I don't agree) The best we've seen this year. Someone will either agree or disagree with you. I suppose so. I don't agree. Sue and her boyfriend John have been to see a film. If you say so. (Yes. So do I. They (certainly) are. I couldn't agree with you less. Rubbish. I did. I think you're mistaken (there). strong colloquial 3 Make any statements you like. I think it's hard. It (certainly) is. She didn't.. It is. (No. I don't agree. They both liked it. HIM HER HIM HER Now that really was a great film. I (certainly) agree (with you). I think.16 Agreement A and Disagreement 1 Tell someone that you think: 1 English food is excellent 2 blondes are prettier than brunettes 3 winter is nicer than summer 4 fish is better than meat 5 hard work is very pleasant He / She will agree or disagree with you. I think so too. . I agree. EXAMPLE A I think English is terribly easy. Couldn't agree with you less. friends so they don't talk to each other very casually. They're not close. didn't you? Yes. Nonsense! (Rubbish) 17 Ways of expressing agreement or disagreement with someone's views. / quite agree with you. They are. They're close friends so they talk to each other casually..) weak I don't think so. I think (that) health love money education television the cinema the theatre is the most important thing in life 2 is the best entertainment in the world policemen governors sheriffs nearly all are corrupt Margaret and a friend of hers have also been to see a film.) . don't you? B No.

the boat. The shops are all closed today. Paris Madrid Prague Lisbon Athens Bonn Istanbul Oh no! How irritating! Isn't that maddening! What a bore! What a nuisance! Damn! Just my luck! (can also be used to express annoyance) A Somebody has You're too late./ There are no tickets left. we're sold out. B Oh. how annoying! A The time of departure will be announced as soon as possible. B How very annoying! Flight BE 407 to Rome is delayed. I'm sorry. Will passengers please wait in the lounge. the plane. . for example: 'You've got ink all over your jeans. The last train has just left. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. When you have finished talking. B It's infuriating! I had to be in Rome by five. hit your car. B (Oh) .' He or she will respond by using an expression of annoyance. stolen your bicycle.. No! How annoying! How very annoying! Isn't that annoying! How infuriating! Isn't that infuriating! How maddening! Isn't that maddening! What a nuisance! What a bore! Hell! Damn! Blast! colloquial 3 Tell someone something annoying. the train. taken your coat 1 We've missed What might you say if: 1 you lost your car keys? 2 you burned the dinner? 3 your electric lights fused? 4 your boyfriend / girlfriend was late? 5 you locked yourself out of your flat or house? EXAMPLE A I've lost my car keys.. The (film / play / programme / show) has already started.18 Annoyance A Annoyance 19 What do you say when something annoys you ( = irritates you)? Here are some of the ways in which you might respond.

2 B (Oh) Have I? / Am I? / Did I? / Was I? I'm sorry. It was wrong of me / Sorry) And why are you yawning now? Are you bored? Forgive me. (I didn't mean to. I do apologise. The person will apologise. 3 Someone has said or done things that offend or upset you. It was wrong of me. (I'm terribly sorry / I'm awfully sorry) You're late. I'm (so / very / terribly / awfully) sorry. I didn't mean to be. A Reassurance (That's/It's) all right/OK. (Please) forgive me. 1 A You've taken my pen / seat. Why were you so rude to me? Why did you lie to me? You gave me the wrong change. You jumped the queue. (I'm so sorry / I do apologise) And why were you so rude to me at lunch? Was I? Sorry. When you have finished talking. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. I've been waiting for an hour. I apologise. (Sorry. / I didn't mean to be. Sorry. Usually. Practise with someone using expressions of apology and reassurance in the following situations: 1 You accidentally step on someone's foot 2 You accidentally take someone's drink 3 You are rude to a friend and wish to apologise 4 You are late for an appointment 5 You forget to telephone a friend HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM You didn't ring me last night. You will accept the apology. All right. darling./OK. the other person accepts yonr apology and reassures yon.) Sorry. You said you would. dropped some ash on my new carpet. I'm sorry. forgotten to return my book.20 Apology r Apology 21 There are various ways of apologising if yon feel yon have offended or upset someone. You're late for class again. I'm very tired. You've hurt my feelings. . Tell him / her so. Never mind.

(Are you?) . 3 I'm going to resign. I'm going to take a job. Good! Then I can buy my own car.. You approve of some of the plans but not of others. That's an excellent idea. Splendid! And pay for my own clothes. 1 I'll take the job. take my clothes to the laundry. (No) . That's not a (very) good idea. 5 We'll open a night club. 2 I'm going to B (Yes)... write a new book. WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND I feel terribly bored. take up a new hobby. That's silly. or disapprove of ( = consider to be a bad idea). take more exercise. go back home. write to my (parents / bank manager / solicitor / friends). pay the bill. 2 We're going to get engaged. do my homework.. telephone the Police. Begin: A Hullo! I've decided to go to France in July.. Very wise (of you). Very sensible (of you). That's an excellent idea. Here are some ways of expressing your feelings. go on a diet learn (English / French / Japanese). (Oh) What a good idea! Good idea! A very good idea.. Good! Wonderful! Excellent! Splendid! How wise (of you)! I think that's wise.22 Approval A and Disapproval 1 Express your approval or disapproval of the following statements made to you by a close friend. Write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. disapproval That's silly. What for? Whatever for? approval Good idea! Excellent! Very sensible of you! 3 A friend of yours (A) telephones to tell you of his / her plans for the summer holidays. . What for? Oh no! Somebody has done or is going to do something you approve of (=consider to be a good idea). 4 We'll give up our jobs. You shouldn't do that. B .

A I only need four hours sleep. I can believe that. B A The less I sleep the better I feel. You're not serious. The buses are on strike.(1) We had extra time of course. put on ten kilos in weight. 4 I haven't got any money. Say it first and then write it.) . Ways of expressing yourself if someone tells yon something yon can or can't believe. lost another umbrella. B (Yes. A Can you believe it? She's over forty. We've won the match. won the world championship. been waiting for an hour. got married at last. had another car accident. (No. B A And the more I sleep the less I work. B A Sometimes even less. passed/ failed my examination. Surely not! You can't expect me to believe that. got a distinction. B . 3 colloquial Complete the following dialogue as you wish using some of the expressions you have learned. Ask someone to make statements.) I (don't / can't) believe it. You're not serious. You must be joking. been in England for two years. quite I can well believe (it / that). You express belief or disbelief.24 Belief and Disbelief 1 Express belief or disbelief in the following statements: 1 I speak ten languages fluently. I don't believe it. (1) And I scored three of them.. It /That can't be true. become engaged. (2) (2) I can quite believe that. 3 I never get up late. You're joking. lost ten kilos in weight.. 2 A B A B A B I've (1) Surely not! You can't expect me to believe that. easily (Of course) I believe it. 2 I've never told a lie in my life. You must be joking. We scored six goals. The Prime Minister has resigned. I can well believe it. 5 I love you.

3 Imagine yourself arriving at London Airport. that's why I didn't go to the party. then? I don't like all your questions. (6) I'd lost your number.26 Cause Cause Someone asks you the following questions. 2 you have so much luggage with you. The officer wants to know why: 1 you have a travel document but no passport. The Immigration Officer asks you a few questions which you answer truthfully. I was ill. Tell me why you won't see me tonight. (8) I didn't have your address. Begin: A I see you've got a travel document. How would you respond? 1 Why are you in such a hurry? 2 You didn't do your homework. Why's that? B . 3 you've only brought £20 with you. not a passport. Use some of the expressions you have learned. (7) I knew I'd fail. Because I missed the train. I missed the train. I was ill. 1 late? hungry? angry? tired? (1) (2) (3) (4) A Why are you Why didn't you go to the party?(5) telephone me? (6) do the exam? (7) write to me? (8) B (1) I'm late because I missed the train. (4) I work very hard. I missed the train. Write down in dialogue form the conversation between you and the officer. 27 Below you will find some ways of explaining why something happened or did not happen. I missed the train. that's why. Because I was ill. Why not? 3 Why haven't you written to your family? 4 Why are you laughing? 5 Why won't you marry me? HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM Why didn't you telephone me last night? Because I went out Why didn't you phone me from a call box? I didn't have any change. (2) I haven't eaten. that's why. I was ill. (3) You were rude to me. that's why I'm late. (5) I didn't go to the party because I was ill. 4 you've chosen to study in England. that's why.. You have come over to study for a year.

I'm not certain (if it is). it isn't I'm quite absolutely certain sure it is. Could be. I couldn't say. it is. (Quite sure) Were you in or out? Can you remember that? I'm not quite sure. Some of the questions you can answer with certainty. 3 A friend is asking you about your holidays. A Is it going to (rain / snow / be hot)? Is it expensive? Is it dangerous? Is it near / far? Is (London / Paris / Tokyo) bigger than (New York / Milan / Rio)? Is sand lighter than water? Is light faster than sound? Is honey sweeter than sugar? Certainty Yes. / No. Uncertainty I'm not sure (if it is).20pm I couldn't say. (There's no doubt about it) Ways of expressing yourself when you feel sure or unsure about something. it certainly isn't. certainly not. it certainly is. Sure? Quite sure.20pm? 9. (I'm not certain) Are you sure you can't remember? Absolutely certain. I can't remember.28 Certainty and Uncertainty 1 Respond with certainty or uncertainty to the following questions: 1 Are boys cleverer than girls? 2 Is Chinese more widely spoken than English? 3 Are you generous? 4 Would you like to visit the Moon one day? 5 Do you like me? Where were you last night at exactly 9. Begin: A Did you leave London on 15 July. Yes. I think I went out at about half past nine. I'm not quite at all sure (if it is). No./ Might be. 2 DETECTIVE BOB DETECTIVE BOB DETECTIVE BOB DETECTIVE BOB DETECTIVE BOB Yes. (I'm not certain) Did you see anyone coming into the block of flats? No. Write down in dialogue form this imaginary conversation. certainly. Others you can't because you've forgotten. There's no doubt about it. where you went and so on. He / She wants to know what you did. then? B . No. I didn't.

30 Command. Johnny? (2) OK Mummy. (3) And please bring your books. YOU . (of course / certainly). You're not to be lazy. Non-compliance No. Go away. Prohibition A and Compliance 1 Tell someone to: 1 turn off the lights 2 be quiet 3 give you a drink and the person will either comply or not comply. Be quiet. I won't. Use some of the expressions you have learned. will you? said quickly with falling tune Open the window. (2) I'm coming. You can't stop me. B Compliance All right. (4) Do I have to? (5) I won't let you be lazy. He or she gets up. You don't want him / her to do this. switches off the radio . Tell someone not to: 1 talk so much 2 eat so much 3 make so much noise and the person will either comply or not comply. M O T H E R And bring your homework with you. (3) JOHNNY Oh. Mum. As you wish. cheat. Write a short dialogue of the conversation you might have with your friend. (5) (1) Will you please come here. Please come here. All right. Begin: F R I E N D I'll switch off the radio now. must I? (4) MOTHER Yes. Shut the door. you must.and then tries to put on a record on your new expensive turntable (gramophone). No. 3 You are entertaining a friend who is fond of music. All right. Yes. OK. OK. I won't Why should I? Must I? Do I have to? MOTHER Come here at once Johnny. will you? 2 B Compliance Yes. more polite Go away please. Command Come here. As you wish. please. will you? (1) JOHNNY Yes. Non-Compliance Why not? Why shouldn't I? Oh yes I / you will. read the letter. 31 How do you tell (command) someone to do something? How do you tell someone NOT to do something? The other person may comply with your command or prohibition or he may refuse to do so. come in. go away.which you were enjoying listening to . reluctant A Prohibition Don't You're not to I won't let you do that.

Here's the ticket. It's embedded in the material. It/That (just) isn't good enough. 2 made a long distance call from his / her flat without permission. Your friend does not accept your apology. When I got home I found there was a hole in them. A Complaint At a shop The advertisement says £10. Well. Here it is. but business is business. you can't expect me to pay that much. I'm afraid. A Thank you. 2 A B Apology / Excuse Yes. 5 tell lies. One of your guests: 1 comes in late every night 2 leaves all the lights on 3 makes a lot of noise 4 listens to loud pop music on the radio 5 leaves the front door open Complain to him/her about these habits. B But I brought it in a fortnight ago. B Oh no. I'll go and check for you. I'm sorry. 4 still owe him / her £10.50. that's no excuse. but there's been a go-slow at the factory and everything's delayed. How much is it? A £1. I know but I'm sorry.50? For that job? Oh no. Here are some ways of expressing your dissatisfaction with something or someone. I don't think this fish is fresh. That's no excuse. Apology /Excuse 1 A friend complains that you: 1 never write to him or her. You can't expect me to 3 Imagine you are a landlady or landlord.50. you A (Well. A (looks at stain) Well. (after a few moments) Yes. but I really don't think that's good enough. A I know. Why didn't you tell me that before? A I'm sorry sir. He /She will find excuses which you do not accept. there's nothing I/ we can do about it. Look. At a hotel There's no heating / air-conditioning / hot water in my room. It / That Oust) won't do. I'll take it as it is. 3 were very rude to him / her. but I don't think they can remove that kind of stain. Why don't / didn't you ? I'm (really) very annoyed/ angry about it. this steak is overcooked. I bought these gloves here.32 Complaint. A I'm sorry sir. No. your suit's ready. B A week? But I need it for Saturday evening. yes. I trust my suit is back. But it'll take a week. You can send it back if you like. At a restaurant I'm afraid the soup is cold. I bought this shirt here. B Oh good. I'm sorry your laundry hasn't come back yet. but Sorry. B Well. that big stain I told you about is still there. Sorry. . sir/madam. Excuse yourself. I'm sorry. but ) I (really) don't think that's good enough. (inspects suit carefully) But look. B £1. They haven't cleaned it properly. No. It's shrunk.

can't be .. They can't be short of cash.. * keeping up with the Joneses . 2 . 2 Please lend me £1000.. 3 1 Make any statements you like and then invite someone to make positive / negative conclusions about them. He has six meals a day. It's the best restaurant in town. Darling. She wants to marry me. Why didn't you tell me that before? You must be starving. What's more they've bought their own yacht. Do you know the Digby-Joneses? They've just bought their third Rolls-Royce.an expression which means trying to live as well as your neighbours. I haven't had a bite to eat all day. They must be rolling in it* Yes. My brother won a gold medal at the last Olympics.very rich. My great-grandmother is still alive. I've had nothing to eat all day. Good heavens! They must be millionaires. Write a short dialogue using some examples of must be / can't be.. doing what they do and buying what they buy.. I've been working all day. Let's go to Luigi's. Make positive and negative conclusions about the following statements: 1 I'm wearing three pullovers today. 5 I never have any money.34 Conclusion Conclusion 35 If you hear someone speaking English like an Englishman you conclude that that person is English. must be . she's just bought a new sports car. No. . I am. 2 WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE B * rolling in it . can they? And now they're planning to go on a world-wide cruise. 4 My father pays all my debts... He can lift very heavy weights. 3 I didn't sleep all night.. 1 A Our neighbours have got three cars. You can't be serious! Yes. Here are some ways of making conclusions. . And you remember their youngest daughter Susan? Well. .

I'm sorry. (2) With respect. | polite I'm sorry. 1 You said (that) tennis football cricket chess a writer a pianist an engineer an architect Someone tells you that you said: 1 a woman's place was in the home 2 girls were easier to bring up than boys 3 every industry should be nationalised 4 travelling was dull 5 English was an easy language to learn Contradict / Deny it.36 Contradiction/ Denial A Contradiction/Denial Ways of contradicting someone. Begin: A But you said you'd stop smoking. I didn't. they were rich generous clever Russian wars were necessary television was educational smoking was not harmful B (No. assertive I don't remember saying that. | With respect.. BARRISTER WITNESS BARRISTER WITNESS BARRISTER WITNESS You told the Court that you were a friend of the defendant's. that's not (quite) what I said. that's not quite what I said. That's not what I said. then? I said we'd been neighbours for many years. I'm sorry. but I don't think I did. | 3 A friend tells you that you said you would: 1 stop smoking 2 stop drinking 3 get a job 4 pay your debts Write out the dialogue between you and your friend in which you contradict / deny everything he / she says. but I don't think I did. but I didn't say that. | Did I really say that? | uncertain What I said was . I never said that. But you said you knew him very well. B . assertive I never said anything of the sort. No. I didn't say that... (1) What exactly did you say.) . that's not quite right. I'm sorry to contradict you. you / he / she (liked / played) 2 you / he / she (were / was) (1) I'm sorry. formal I deny having said that. that's not (exactly) what I said. Ways of denying having said something. That's not right. that's not exactly what I said.. (2) I said I knew him well by sight.

Take a tube to /a bus to /a train to Is this the way to ? Is this the right way to ? Does this bus/train go to ? 3 B Yes. Ways of giving instructions to someone who asks for directions. Imagine yourself in other places. . then turn left/right. turn left there and it's the first turning on the right.. it isn't.... 1 You're at the Royal Hotel. 1 Excuse me. (It's the second turning on the right/ Take a number 12 bus all the way) A Straight ahead to the traffic lights. It'll take you about five minutes. could you tell me . Go straight ahead. it is. 5 You're at the National Theatre. (all the way) Take a number bus and get off at. 4 You're in the park. You want to go to the National Museum. first second third next It's Take the turning on the left / right. Go straight ahead Till you come to the traffic lights. could you tell me how to get to the Railway Station? I've lost my way. You want to go to the National Theatre. Straight ahead till you come to the (traffic lights/ crossroads). Excuse me.38 Direction A Direction 39 Ways of asking directions. You want to go to the nearest bank. (is this the way to the main square/could you tell me the way to the National Theatre) B Yes. .. it doesn't.. You want to go to the Railway Station. You want to go to the main square. (I'm sorry.. A Thank you very much.) .. No. 2 You're at the Railway Station. Practise asking and giving directions based on the information given in the map (see page 112). I don't know... 2 A where the nearest is B (Yes.? how to get to how I can get to the way to the Air Terminal the Airport the National Museum railway station hospital police station cinema Someone asks you the way to: 1 the nearest hospital 2 the nearest bank 3 the High Street 4 the local cinema 5 the main square Give directions. (Second turning on the right/A number 12 bus all the way) B That's it.) Yes. Carry straight on. it does. Use any options you like. No. Take a number bus. Ask for directions. left and then right. 3 You're at the bank.

I can't let you in. 6 No. I can't lend you any money. I failed my exam again. There are no tickets left. I was rather very extremely disappointed. I'd expected it/him/her /them to be (much) nicer/better. You may begin: A Is that you ? B . 5 There is no room for you. 7 Sorry.40 Disappointment A Did you like / enjoy Disappointment Express disappointment on being asked or told the following: 1 Did you enjoy the meal? 2 What was the journey like? 3 I'm afraid the class is full. 4 No. When you have finished talking. (It was disappointing/ It disappointed me/It wasn't as good as I'd expected) BOY Why? What had you expected? G I R L I'd expected it to be much more exciting. write down in dialogue form the telephone conversation you have with your friend. 41 Here are some ways of expressing your disappointment when someone/something was not what yon had expected. but unfortunately your friend is not free to attend.) what a pity! That is a shame. What a shame! 3 You would like a friend to come to a party. Oh. how disappointing! (for you) How very disappointing! That's disappointing. you can't wait outside. I can't see you tonight. I can't have a holiday this year. (It/She/He/They) wasn't/weren't as good/nice as I'd expected /hoped. (lively/interesting/amusing) like? B I was disappointed. You telephone the friend to invite him/her. / was rather disappointed. the lesson is over. the the the the the play? film? concert? match? party? 1 2 was the What were the accommodation holiday lesson teacher weather Smiths children people singers players BOY Did you like the party? (film/play/programme) G I R L Not particularly. Oh no!/(Oh. (It/She/He/They) was/were disappointing. (It/She/He/They) disappointed me.

I'm rather/very/terribly/dreadfully worried. Don't let it get you down. I think I've lost my passport. fed up. You are not well and are worried about your health and your work. I'm (very) anxious. Read it aloud with someone. I'm in (terrible/serious) trouble. Reassurance Try to look on the bright side of things. Try to look on the bright side of things. (My interview/The match /My bank balance) Oh! Is that all? / feel very nervous about it. I'm worried. you can always apply for a new one. low. ill. depressed. A Cheer up. A B A B A B What's the matter? You don't look well. Here are some of the things you might say. Begin: A Hullo! How are you? B . If you can't find it. miserable. Practise Ming some of the expressions in Sections A and B with someone in the following situations: 1 You think you've lost your passport 2 You've got a very bad cold 3 You're working fourteen hours a day for an exam 4 You've lost your way and don't know how to get back to your hotel EXAMPLE A What's the matter? B I'm rather worried. worried or unhappy. I feel /I'm desperate. 1 What's the matter? What's wrong? What's the problem? Are you all right? Is anything the matter? Is anything wrong? I'm worried. nervous. (I'm very anxious/I don't feel at all happy/ I'm terribly worried) A Don't worry about it. Cheer up. Don't worry. I feel (absolutely) awful/terrible. I've got a lot on my mind. Write down in dialogue form the conversation you have with your friend. sad. B 2 I feel I'm (very) I don't feel /I'm not (at all) well/happy. (I'm rather worried/I feel terrible/I'm very depressed) What about? My exam. I've got (a lot of) worries/problems. Have you seen the doctor? (illness) 3 A friend phones to enquire how you are and whether you'd like to go out that evening.42 Distress A Distress 43 You feel ill.

/I don't think so. What d'you think the weather will be like tomorrow? I wonder what the weather will be like? I think / expect it'll be I think it's going to be fine / hot/ rather cold/ windy/ dull/ freezing 3 Ask questions beginning: 1 I wonder if / whether / what ? 2 D'you think ? 3 Will ? He/She will answer your questions. I imagine so./I don't suppose so. I expect so. and I expect they'll cancel the match) D'you think it'll be Will it be I wonder if it'll be D'you think it's going to be B Heaven knows! / Who knows! I haven't a clue. EXAMPLE A I wonder if I'll ever learn to speak English fluently? B I expect so. Maybe./I don't expect so./Could be. I don't know. When you have finished talking. . I suppose so. I wonder what the weather will be like for the match? {What d'you think) I don't know. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had./I've no idea. but I think it'll be a good game./I shouldn't think so. Very likely./Probably. 1 our team will win? I'll pass the exam? he'll come tomorrow? they'll get married? we'll get there on time? you'll have time to write? arrive on time? stay for dinner? go by train? understand you? a fine day tomorrow? warm at the weekend? cold tonight? foggy again tomorrow? windy today? 2 Will she/he/we/they D'you think Brazil will win? (I wonder if) Could be. A B A B 45 Some ways of considering future events. (I think it'll be pouring with rain./Most likely.44 Forecast A D'you think I wonder if / whether Forecast Ask someone questions using the following cues: 1 I / ever / learn to speak English / fluently 2 weather / be warm / next week 3 plane / arrive on time 4 lesson / finish at ten 5 bank / still be open He/She will answer using any of the examples in Sections A and B. I think so./I don't imagine so.

It's nothing. You are kind! How kind of you! How very kind of you! I'm much obliged. Think nothing of it. offer you a seat. 3 A friend phones inviting you to a party. colloquial I'm very grateful (to you). You're welcome. It's really very kind of you. 1 give you a lift home. Thank you very / so much. light your cigarette. You accept but ask whether you can bring along a friend. / Thanks. Write down in dialogue form the short telephone conversation you have. Darling. That's/It's (most /very /awfully) kind of you. darling. get you a ticket. some money? a typewriter? an umbrella? 2 Can I lend you Is there anything I can do for you? B Thank you.46 Gratitude A Let me Gratitude 47 Here are some ways of expressing gratitude (= saying thank yon). Thank you very much indeed. Many thanks. I don't know how to thank you. Thank you very much. I've bought you a newspaper / some cigarettes. That's/It's (very/awfully) good of you. help you. pay for the taxi. Begin: A Hullo! How are you? B . Don't mention it. It's a pleasure. (she unwraps the gift) A gold watch! (new dress/fur coat) D'you like it? I love it. A Thanks. A B A B A B Many happy returns of the day. Thanks awfully. He says you can. (Thank you /Thank you so much) And here's your birthday present. I'll Ask someone to do the following things and then express your gratitude: 1 to tell you the time 2 to tell you the way to the nearest tube station 3 to lend you some money 4 to write to you 5 to post a letter for you EXAMPLE A Could you tell me the time please? B Yes. Thanks (very) much. using some of the expressions of gratitude you have learned. you are kind! (how kind of you/I don't know how to thank you) I'll do the washing up / shopping. (Oh) that's OK/all right. Not at all. B You're welcome. very grateful Ta. it's nearly nine.

Very well (indeed). See you. formal and informal formal and informal informal B Good morning / afternoon / 3 Good-bye. Pete. 2 A Hullo! Fancy meeting you in the middle of Oxford Street! (here/ again /in this place) B Hullo! How are you? {How are things/How's life/How's life treating you) A Fine. 5 a very close friend. formal and informal informal B Fine. thanks. Cheerio. 4 Bye. {Yes. Bye. Hullo! Hi! (Americanism) Nice to see you. A Good morning/afternoon/evening. Not too/so bad. Look. (and you?) Fine (thanks). (Bye-bye/Good-bye/See you soon) 1 A B Hullo! Hi! Nice to see you too. So so. See you later/soon/etc. /Bye-bye. I'll ring you tonight but I must rush now. Greet 4 a formal acquaintance. Good night. formal and informal evening./Quite well (really). (I'm) fine. And you? {Very well/Not too bad/Quite well really) B Not so bad. How are you? (I'm) very well. 3 to someone you'll see again in the evening. thanks) A Cheerio. formal and informal B can reply by using any expression of farewell. See you later. thank you. Respond freely to the following: 1 Hullo! How are you? 2 Hullo! How are you keeping? 3 Good morning. Ways of responding to greetings and farewells. I'm late for work. fine/Very well indeed/I'm OK. . B Bye./OK (thanks). Bye. 5 Nice to see you. 2 very casually to a friend called John. John. Say good-bye 1 to a friend who is going away for a long time. thank you. EXAMPLE A Good-bye. see you tomorrow. Let's hope we meet again soon.48 Greeting A Hullo! How are you? How are you keeping? How are things? How's life? How's life treating you? Greeting 49 Ways of greeting people and saying good-bye.

will you? It was all your fault. But we win have an accident if you don't stop shouting. was it? If I hadn't warned you in time it would have been much worse. I will. If you don't keep calm he'll probably start a fight. 2 What would you do if .. I told you you'd hit him //you weren't careful. what famous person /s would you choose to meet? 2 If you'd been born with a special gift for music. If you'd given me proper directions instead of telling me how to drive this would never have happened.. keep calm now.50 Hypothesis / Supposition A Hypothesis / Supposition 51 Here are some ways of making suppositions about the Past and the Future. for once. please. for your sake.) Past Supposing If what would you have done? ? HER A HIM HER HIM What would you have done if missed the train had an accident failed your exam broken your leg you'd there'd been no class today it'd been raining today there'd been a bus strike B I'd have If I'd have I'd have if waited for the next one called for help (etc. 1 Future Supposing If what would you do? Give full answers to the following: 1 If you had a choice. (CRASH) You see.. I won't.? there was a fire your house was burgled you inherited a fortune you saw an accident you became Prime Minister you spoke perfect English HER HIM HER HIM B I'd. And you should have kept your eyes on the road instead of looking for your cigarettes. You drivers! What would you do //we weren't here to guide you? We'd manage perfectly well. Here comes the driver of the other car. Ask your friend what he/she would have done in similar circumstances. Oh shut up. What's more (interrupting him) OK. (or any other talent) what would you have done? 3 What sort of things would you do if you were rich? 4 Who would you like to be if you were not yourself? HER HIM Watch out! You'll hit that car if you're not careful. So take my advice.. . Right. Oh no. Oh. so it was my fault.. If you'd kept quiet this would never have happened.. If I'd I'd if call the Fire Brigade dial 999 / call the Police (etc.) 3 Tell a friend What you would have done and not done in certain hypothetical circumstances..

'52 Ignorance A Ignorance 53 What do yon say when someone asks yon a question and you don't know the answer? Here are some ways in which you might do this. what's eleven times twelve? Eleven times twelve? Sorry. She may know..? him / her. He'll know. When you have finished talking. d'you know what eleven times twelve is? Eleven times twelve? Haven't a clue.) formal colloquial slang 3 Converse with someone on any topic/s you like. haven't the foggiest. Ask your sister. I haven't the slightest/faintest idea.. Ssh! Can't you see I'm doing my homework? 2 is? D'you know where Is this the way to What time is it? At what time does the train / plane / boat leave? the play / film /show start? B (Sorry) (I'm very / awfully sorry) (I'm afraid) . that policeman (etc.. . Dad. Ask Tom. I really don't know.. How d'you work it out? Don't know. I haven't a clue. Ask You might ask You'll have to ask Why don't you ask . He'll know. I don't know. I haven't the foggiest. What's his/her name? How old is he/she? Where does he/she live? Where does he/she come from? Is he/she English? Is he/she a politician/an architect/a teacher? the library the canteen Room 15 ? 1 Practise with someone asking questions and admitting ignorance about: 1 the population of Great Britain 2 the distance to Mars/the Moon 3 the price of gold/silver 4 the distance round the world 5 the largest city in Africa EXAMPLE A What's the population of Great Britain? B Sorry. what's eleven times twelve? I don't know dear. I can't tell you. I couldn't say. I must confess I don't know. I can't help you (there). He/She/They may know. someone else. asking questions and using as many expressions of ignorance as you wish. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. Sue. I've no idea. Ask your father. He/She/They'll know. CHILD MOTHER CHILD FATHER CHILD SUE CHILD SUE Mum. I haven't the faintest idea. Work it out. I couldn't tell you.

want to marry you. are you darling? (You can't be serious. Oh. I saw colloquial . I really can't believe you/that. What is it? (No!) I'm getting a rise. I find that hard to believe. I don't believe you. And we'll get a colour TV. television.54 Incredulity Incredulity Tell someone that you: 1 can speak Chinese fluently 2 never drink water 3 keep a lion as a pet 4 hate travelling 5 are in love again Let him/her express incredulity. You can't expect me to believe that. B (No!) . (are you)? You can't be serious. I see. spring. I shan't get the rise till next autumn. Surely not! You're not serious. (You're pulling my leg) We'll be able to buy a car. It all sounds like a dream. You don't/can't expect me to believe that. next autumn.. 3 Express incredulity. animals. A new carpet? You're not serious. EXAMPLE A I can speak Chinese fluently. And a new carpet. You're joking (of course). R eally? (You 're joking!) Yes. keep an elephant in the garden. surely. You don't mean that. I refuse to believe you/it/that. (But) that's incredible. A 50% rise? I refuse to believe it.. darling. A I like 2 I hate I I I I learned English in a week. No. parties.) Oh yes I am. noisy children. B No! I don't believe you. Really? Do/Did/Have you really? I don't believe you. 1 crowds. dieting. But we'll have to wait a while. You see. taking medicine. (Surely not!) Well. No! But that's incredible! (I don't believe you) A 50% rise. it's a dream come true. I can't believe you. HUSBAND WIFE HUSJBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE HUSBAND WIFE 55 Ways of expressing yourself when someone tells you something you find hard to believe (= incredible). You must be joking! Come off it! You're pulling my leg. hard work. I thought it was too good to be true. Good news. walking in the rain. have twelve children. sport.

. 1 Tell someone (who is not interested): 1 how old you are 2 where you live 3 what your telephone number is 4 where you work 5 how much you earn He/She will express indifference. you know. Oh. (Are they) And not expensive either. I can't say I'm (really) interested. There are more than two thousand ducks in Hyde Park. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. She's He's They're She's He's They're I paid £ very rich. 2 SALESMAN CUSTOMER going out tonight. but I can't say I'm interested) But they're very nice you know. I don't care about that. Did you/it (really). Are they. Is that so. (Sorry. But thank you very much all the same. they're very fashionable you see. I don't (really) care. to buy a car. Who cares? So what? I don't give a damn. but I'm not really interested in just now. When you have finished talking. Is it/he/she/there (really). Would you like to see our new nylon shirts? (summer suits / cotton dresses /leather jackets) Sorry. Everyone's wearing jeans now. Smoking is bad for you. I couldn't care less. Sorry. away next week. but /I'm afraid I'm not (really) interested. SALESMAN CUSTOMER SALESMAN CUSTOMER SALESMAN CUSTOMER SALESMAN CUSTOMER SALESMAN CUSTOMER SALESMAN for that.5 million miles to the Sun. (/ don't really care) Everybody's buying them. Man is descended from the apes. It's 93. You're not really very interested. using an indifferent tone of voice rude 3 A friend is telling you what he/she did at the weekend. (/ couldn't care less (about)) I see. I'm afraid I'm not interested in fashion. Are you/they/there (really). Sorry I couldn't help you. B (Oh!) Really.56 Indifference A Indifference 57 Ways of expressing your indifference when someone says something which does not interest you very much. There's a good programme on TV tonight. that doesn't (really) interest me. (Really) Yes. Really.

D'you plan/intend to go away in the summer? Yes. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM Happy New Year. I intend to give up chocolates (cakes/cigarettes) I'm full of good intentions. What'U you do What are you going to do What d'you plan / intend to do in the summer / at the weekend? etc. / Possibly. or Probably. work hard. No. (I won't). 59 Ways of talking about future plans and intentions. read a lot. / I don't know. I expect so.58 Intention Intention Talk to someone about plans and intentions. or: A Will your parents be going to the seaside in the summer? B I expect so. doing some work. going out. / I don't know. Any good resolutions? Yes. . 1 A What are you doing What'll you be doing tonight / tomorrow / on Saturday? etc. (gambling/drinking) Good. (I am). etc. 2 (I'll) (I'm going to) (I plan to) (I intend to) Are you getting married / going to get married? Yes. 3 Talk to someone about your New Year's resolutions. (I do). And I'll take up French cooking. (happy/bored) H E R Yes. calling on friends. or Probably. I expect so. B (I'm) (I'll be) staying at home. (take more exercise /be nicer to everyone) H E R Fine. Happy New Year. (I don't). Will you go away/be going away in the summer? Yes. /1 don't know. etc. No. (I will). we are. etc. (I'm not). You may begin: A Have you made any resolutions for the New Year? When you have finished talking. lots. (gardening/knitting) H I M We're going to be very good. No. I'm going to work harder. I'm giving up smoking. finish my book. I expect s o . / Possibly. study Russian. using any of the forms in Sections A and B and the following cues: 1 parents/the summer/the seaside 2 you/Saturday/the cinema 3 you / weekend / away 4 he / tomorrow / swimming 5 they/tonight/a party EXAMPLE A What are your parents doing in the summer? B They're going to the seaside. / Possibly. Probably. darling.

Only you didn't see us because you were speeding. (it is). What's the speed limit on this road? POLICE Don't you know? 60kph. (I haven't). (It's) mine. The Magistrate questions X at Court. etc. ask someone: 1 what the time is 2 if it's time to leave 3 where the station is 4 if it's very far 5 how to get there 6 if there are any buses to the station X has been stopped by the Police because he was driving too fast (= speeding) on a London road. then? What do you think? Of course we did. / No. (I have). A Are you 3 Is this your luggage? Have you anything to declare? Yes. etc. He asks him: 1 what his name/address is 2 if he is the owner of a vehicle registration number NLD 782K. (I'm going there) to study / on a holiday. etc. D R I V E R Was I? I'm sorry about that. That's why. (I am). are usually said with a rising tune and may be answered with a 'Yes' or 'No'.. Role-play the situation with someone. Verb questions.60 Interrogation Interrogation Using the correct tune. DRIVER Was I? I'm sorry about that. (I'm taking) (I'm travelling/going) alone/with my wife. . Questions beginning with a WH word are usually said with a falling tune. POLICE DRIVER POLICE 61 Ways of asking and answering questions. (I'm not). 4 whether he has anything to say in his own defence. then? POLICE What do you think? Of course you were. D R I V E R S Was I doing more than that. D R I V E R Willi have to pay a fine? Will I have my licence endorsed? POLICE That's for the Court to decide.. Imagine you are the Magistrate. that is those beginning with a verb form. Yes. / No. (I've got) nothing/some jewellery (to declare). (I'm going for) a year/ two years. down Lyndale Avenue. Verb questions: rising tune going to the States? going there to study? going to any other countries? staying long? travelling / going alone? coming back soon? Why didn't you stop when we first signalled? Did you signal more than once. Yes. (it isn't). You were doing more than 80 kph. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. 3 if he was driving at 80kph on the night of 9 April 19. / No./ etc. 1 A wh questions: falling tune Where are you travelling/going to? Why are you going there? Which (other) countries are you going to/visiting? How long are you going for? much money are you taking? 2 Who are you travelling/going with? When are you coming back? Whose luggage is this? What have you got to declare? B (I'm travelling to/going to) the States / England . You may begin: M A G I S T R A T E Is your name ? . (I'm going to / visiting) France/Italy. etc. POLICE I'm afraid I shall have to charge you with an offence under the Road Traffic Act. etc.. (I'm coming back) next year/next October. When you have practised speaking the parts/roles.

my tutor Dr Rust. my name's Michael Anderson Susan Catlin How d'you do? / (I'm) pleased to meet you. Jane (she laughs. isn't it? I couldn't quite catch your names. Enjoying yourself? ROBERT JOHN M R M A R T I N Very much. nice to see you. Jane/Tom/Sheila.. I'm very pleased to meet you.. this is Let me introduce you to my sister Jane Tom Jones. Let me introduce you to some friends.62 Introduction A Introduction 63 How do you introduce people to each other in formal and informal situations? Here are some of the ways in which you might do this. M R M A R T I N How d'you do? I'm very pleased to meet you. They have not met before.) Hullo.. John Allwright. Hullo. correcting him).. My name's less formal Oh hullo. This is Mr Martin. Pleased to meet you Tom/Bob/Mary/Sue. ? my solicitor Mr Ennion Dr Haskins.. Mother./Bob. may I introduce . Did Paul say your name was er er (EVEN LOUDER MUSIC) ? 3 You have invited the following people to a dinner party. 1 your parents 2 your new boy / girlfriend 3 his / her brother 4 a neighbour (Mrs Jamieson) 5 a colleague (Jim Witham) . This is Jane and Robert. Nice to meet you too./Father. a friend of mine my girlfriend Sheila B C A Hullo. Hullo Joan./Mary. B C JANE Nice to meet you. Tom./Mr Martin. I'd like you to meet I don't think you've met have you met ? 1 2 Introduce: 1 a close friend / to your mother 2 yourself/ to a new colleague 3 your teacher / to a friend 4 your bank manager / to your wife / husband / brother Meeting people to the sound of loud music and cheerful voices . . Hullo. Pleased to meet you./ Mrs Thompson. the Principal How do you do? How do you do? (I'm pleased to meet you. Robert Anderson. Mr Martin. The music's rather loud though. Introduce them to each other. / Miss Hopkins..../Sue. my bank manager. May I introduce you to some friends? Jane Spence. PAUL ROBERT JANE PAUL JOHN JANE ROBERT PAUL And this is Jane. Robert. Look who's arrived! John.

but (I'm afraid) I can't. I wouldn't / don't. (I'm) sorry. then? (go to a concert /go for a drive) I wish I could.. .. Refusal I'm afraid I can't. If you('d) like (me to).. When you have finished talking. No. love to. I wish I could.) . 1 A Would you like to ? D'you want to ? (casual) to a party on Saturday and have dinner with me dancing / swimming out with me one evening on a holiday with me join me for lunch come and see me see my holiday snaps / new car listen to my new record meet my wife / husband / parents Invite someone to: 1 see (a film / a play / football match) 2 go for a walk with you 3 have a cup of tea / coffee 4 telephone you tonight 5 play (bridge / tennis / golf with you) 6 borrow your umbrella / some money 7 spend an evening with you He / She will accept or refuse. thanks. That person will either accept or refuse your invitations. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. Tomorrow night then? I'd like to. Acceptance like to very much. I'd like to.. I'd rather not. HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER Would you like to come out with me tonight? (have dinner with me /go to the cinema) Sorry. I'd better not.. No. I'd enthusiastic I would / do. OK.) .64 Invitation Invitation 65 Ways of inviting someone to do something. but I'm afraid I can't Would you like to go to the theatre. Why not? Because I don't think my husband would like it! come 2 B (Yes. I'd better not. but . Ways of accepting or refusing an invitation. If you want (me to).. (No. (phone me /write to me) No. Thank you. then. Certainly not. well give me a ring. I can't. I can't. indifferent 3 emphatic Invite someone to do a variety of things.

I love blondes. I quite like it / you / them. (fat girls/black-haired girls) T OM And I like a girl with a nice smile. I don't. I don't care for it / you / them. terrible. I hate it/you/them. flowers people food Here are some ways of expressing year like and dislike of people and things. What I like is a girl with a nice nature. (to be good / to dress neatly) TOM Mmm. (No. I can't say I do. but surely you like a girl with good looks. d'yon like? When you have finished talking. (a nice figure / good legs) DICK Yes. but I like a girl with good brains better. I can't stand it / you / them. I like brunettes better../ I don't either. I do. It's / You're / They're all right / OK.66 Like and Dislike 1 Ask someone if he/she likes English.. It's / You're / They're strong Agreement and disagreement A So do I.. you.). I do too. (good manners / a good sense of humour) TOM Well yes. Not partiularly. A D'you like ? ice-cream / chocolates fish and chips / spaghetti the cinema / the theatre football / tennis / cricket pop music / classical music animals / cats / dogs travelling / swimming / reading (Yes. moderate awful.. J think they're awful. EXAMPLE A What kind of food d'you like? B I like Continental food. (a nice personality / charm) TOM But you like a girl to have money. / Nor can I. strong moderate enthusiastic I like it / you / them very much indeed. (good skin /nice eyes) DICK Do you? I can't say I do. I like a girl to have character.. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. I can't bear it / you / them.)... H A R R Y I don't like girls... . I don't like it / you / them at all. What about you Harry? You haven't said a thing. surely? (to be rich / to dress well) DICK Not particularly. ? / What kind of. I don't . strong Not (very) much. horrible. don't you? (slim girls / red-haired girls) Not particularly. boys / girls. Nor do I. (I do) very much / a lot I love it / you / them. TOM DICK B I do. 3 Ask someone questions beginning: D'you like . / I can.. what kind of he/she likes.

I can't remember what they're called... er. I've forgotten what they're / it's called.. . I'm afraid I don't. (I) can't remember what it's called / the name.. A Ah. I don't (quite) know what yon call it. A I can't think of the right word. Yon know the sort /kind of thing I mean. (I think) I know what you mean. oh you know.. You ask h i m / h e r for help. 1 A B 2 A B . 3 Talk to an imaginary salesman / saleswoman in a supermarket.68 Loss (for Words) 1 Complete the following exchanges (as you wish). could you help me? I'm looking for one of those things. that's right B Can I help you? B Yes. B They're little wire things you put in a machine and then press.. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. A sort of paper clip. You can't think of the name of something you want to buy. something or other.for holding papers together. don't you? B Yes. A sort of . I don't mean that A sort of you know. D'you mean ? 69 Here are some of the things yon might say when yon can't think of a word of an expression yon want to use while talking to someone ( = when yon are at a loss for words). They're B . A Ah. Yes. er. 3 A B 4 A B 5 A B 2 A You know what J mean. B You know the sort of thing I mean . You may begin: A Excuse me. A Sorry I don't. ? No. No. You mean ? D'you mean ? Are you thinking of ? Is it . you mean paper clips. (I'm afraid) I dont know what yon mean.? Yes. oh you know. but you know what I mean. you know what I mean. I know (exactly) what yon mean. you know. Thank you.. Oh. One of those things. you know what I mean. don't you? B No. I couldn't remember what they were called. that's right. not exactly. Yes.. you mean staples. When you have finished talking. Er. I've forgotten what they're called. but I can't remember what it's called / the name. I'd like one of those things. ? . A No.

ask someone whether you need to: 1 send a stamped addressed envelope 2 send it by airmail 3 buy an overcoat 4 open a bank-account 5 get married He/She will answer yuor questions. Helen.. A is going to study in England Do I need to ? Need I ? Is it necessary (for me) to ? Is there any need (for me) to .. using examples from Section B. H E L E N Yes. John. but you needn't get any foreign currency. His girlfriend is helping him to get ready for the journey. I need a holiday. You can have mine.? Have I got to. ? Must I ? get a visa apply to a lot of colleges fill in a lot of forms send them academic. I hope you don't mind my JOHN leaving you like this. What about smallpox vaccinations? Is it necessary to have a certificate or something? H E L E N I'm not quite sure about that. When you have finished talking. I'm going with you. But you must take your passpprt of course. J O H N Do I need a visa? H E L E N No.. (a need) don't needn't (do that) don't need to. there isn't. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. you do. Here are some ways of asking someone whether it is necessary for yeu to do or not to do something. . My old one needs repairing. you No. ? Do I have to. H E L E N You needn't buy one. H E L E N Don't be silly. (do that) don't have to. it is. We'll have to ask the travel agency. (necessary) No. I need a holiday too! 2 strong B is an Englishman living in A's country Yes. JOHN Yes. JOHN I must get my travellers' cheques and some foreign currency. You'll need the travellers' cheques. Tell him /her. there is. Helen. That's very kind of you. references find accommodation book a passage buy a lot of clothes take a lot of money brush up my English Using any of the examples from Section A. He has beep working too hard. you do / have / must Yes.. I shouldn't think so. (do that) 3 No. (necessary) Yes.70 Necessity* 1 * See also page 72 on Obligation. (any need to do that) A friend asks you what you consider to be necessary in order to learn perfect English. You may begin: A Do I need to study very hard? B Yes. I know.. it isn't. You can have my US dollars. But I must get a new suitcase. JOHN Really? That's very good of you... It won't be for long. I don't need them. Tom needs a holiday.

I haven't moral duty written for ages.) A B A B A obligation B Yes. / No. 1 What would you say. return this book to the library./ No. You needn't do that. yon Jure (to). A You ought to have worked harder. won't you? Have I really got to do those exams again. What do yon say when you feel you have an obligation or a duty to do or not to do something? You may also wish to remind or ask others about their obligations or duties. or to release them from these. You'd better get a part-time job somewhere and go to evening classes. His father is telling him what he must do. * (You can't get out of it is an expression meaning 'you've got to do it'. Well Peter. I don't feel well. if you hadn't: 1 paid your rent 2 been to visit a friend in hospital 3 written to your parents 4 done your homework 5 paid your income tax A Must I Do I have to Have I got to fill ir the whole form? fill it in now? provide a photograph? write in ink / type it? sign my name? put it in an envelope? post it? 2 Peter has failed his exams. you needn't. A I should I ought to Yes. I don't think you should/ you ought to/(you'd better). then you wouldn't have failed your exams. / No. It's overdue. yon haven't. Yes. yon do. you don't Yes. You'll have to take a job and study. I should be working full time at my age. B What else have I got to do? Join the Army? A Who knows? That might have to come later. 3 Talk to someone freely about the things you feel you should / ought to do (for example: take more exercise. be nicer to people. No. And must I go back to school? No.) When you have finished talking. using the expressions in Sections A and B. Dad? Of course you have. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. you must / No. go to bed.72 Obligation* Obligation 73 * See also page 70 on Necessity. call the Police. etc. (I think) call the doctor. you'll have to do better than that next time. No. There's been an accident. I'm nearly seventeen. write to my parents.) and the things you have got to do (pay bills. (I think) you should/you ought to/(you'd better). You must try harder this time. you shouldn't / you oughtn't / (you'd better not). . It's late. B But Dad. Yes. Here are some of the things you might say. etc.

That may be true. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. early to rise Makes a man healthy. but Disagreement (No. (think so) And in my opinion Medicine is making us healthier. yes . D'you honestly believe the world's improving every year? (really think) Yes. B is an optimist: he thinks it's getting better.. A and B are talking about tomorrow's world.') A B A B A B A It's my opinion that In my opinion I maintain (that) a woman's place is in the home. young people have too much freedom. . Partial agreement (Well. That's not my opinion. sport is a waste of time. * (From an English saying that goes: 'Early to bed. strikes should be made illegal. (I don't believe that / In my opinion) A That's your opinion.) I think so too. I think that Science is making us wiser..) I see what you mean. I don't think so. (think) I don't believe that..74 Opinion Opinion 75 How do you express your opinion about a particular topic? How do you agree or disagree with someone's opinions? Here are some ways in which you might do so. That's my opinion too.. but) B I don't agree with you. children should be seen but not heard. I don't think you're right (there). wealthy and wise. I do. . Ask for and express opinions. I don't believe that. aren't we? (That may be true. not mine.. That's very true. I think you're right (there). . wealthier and wiser than we were a hundred years ago. but .. But on the other hand .. but we're all more miserable than ever.. 1 believe think feel A I (honestly / really) (that) Express your personal opinion about the following topics: 1 Traffic in the centre of towns 2 Women in politics and other professions 3 Freedom of speech 4 Esperanto as a world language 5 Space exploration 6 Mercy killing Let someone agree or disagree and express their own opinion...) I don't (quite) agree (with you).. I agree (with you). television was a terrible invention. When you have finished talking. (agree with you) I believe industry is making us wealthier.) (Sorry. not mine.. I maintain that we're healthier. education should be free for all. B Agreement (Yes. . . but I agree with you in a sense. (feel) I don't think you're right there.. (it's my opinion that) I agree with you in a sense. That's your opinion. 2 formal 3 Talk to someone freely about topics of interest to you. A is a pessimist: she thinks the world is getting worse every year.

What can I do for you? LR D'you mind if I sit down? (May / Would you mind if ( + Past Tense)) J S Not at all. Yes.76 Permission Permission 77 Here are some ways of asking permission and of granting and refusing it. but.. No. you see. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. what can I do for you? L R I want to leave the department...) I'm afraid not. but why should you want to do that? L R D'you mind if I speak frankly? (You don't mind if I. D'you think I could put in for a transfer? (I wonder if I could /Could I possibly) J S Yes. I don't like the staff. you can't. L R Well.. I'd be delighted if you did.. reluctant permission 3 Ask permission to do things. No. (an hour later) L R Is it all right for me to come in now Mr Sutcliffe? (Is it all right to / Is it all right if I) J S Well. (No.. No.. of course not. L R May I come in Mr Sutcliffe? (Can / Could) J S I'd rather you didn't Miss Redington. . Go ahead. may I put in for a transfer? J S Yes. come in. (No. 1 A ? ? speaker intends to do what he has asked Would you mind if I ? (+ Past Tense) Is it all right if I ? Is it all right (for me) to ? tentative I wonder if I could .. all right. that's all right.. Her boss is John Sutcliffe. When you have finished talking. Now. I would (mind). I do mind. I'm afraid not.. Mmm . do you / Would you mind if ( + Past Tense)) J S Not at all. then? (Could /Could I possibly) J S Yes. Lucy Redington works as a secretary in a large London firm. I don't like the office. I'm sorry. If/As you wish / like.. it isn't all right. Take a seat. I'm very busy just now.? D'you think I could ? open / close the window ask you a question borrow your pen / umbrella (etc. No. So. 2 B (Yes) of course / certainly. and I'm afraid you and I don't get on. Someone will either grant or refuse you permission. Yes.) I'd rather you didn't.) use the phone switch on / off the TV go now leave early just say a word look at your books formal and informal May I ? Can I ? Could I ? Could I possibly D'you mind if I informal more polite Ask someone permission to: 1 use his / her car very polite 2 come and see him / her 3 take the day off you intend to take the day off anyhow 4 take him / her home 5 stay the night tentative H e / S h e will either grant or refuse permission. of course. L R Can I try later.. No. I'm still pretty busy.

78 Pleasure and Displeasure 1 Respond with pleasure or displeasure when someone tells you: 1 he's got a new job 2 it's an exciting job 3 he's got a new car 4 it cost £5000 5 he's got a new girlfriend 6 she's a journalist 7 they're getting married I've made up my mind. We'll go to a show on Saturday.) H I M And I thought we'd take mother with us. That's terrific. (That'll be nice / That's good) H I M We'll leave in early July. We're going out to celebrate tonight. Some of these things will please your friend. we're going on a package tour. She'll stay a couple of months.holidays organised by large travel agencies which include board and lodging and travel expenses at reduced prices. We'll take a holiday. others will not. Displeasure (dull. She's bringing the dogs. displeased tone) Oh no! (Oh) really! Mmm. Marvellous! / That's marvellous. H E R Oh heavens! Do we have to? (Oh dear / What a bore) * (Package tour . We can't have a holiday this year.) HIM Here are some ways of expressing pleasure or displeasure when you hear something that pleases or displeases you. ./That'll be nice. H E R A whole fortnight. Really! How exciting! How thrilling! How wonderful! Fantastic! B A B Mother's coming to stay. Great / That's great. When you have finished talking. We'll get married in the spring. We're going to Spain for the holidays. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. (Italy /Jamaica) H E R How exciting! (Marvellous / How thrilling) H IM I've got a whole fortnight off this year. H E R Good! Are we taking the car? (Great / Marvellous) H I M The car? Oh no. A I've won my bet. Oh dear! Oh heavens! What a bore! That is a bore! That's the limit! 3 Ask a friend whether he / she would like to go on a holiday with you. That's nice. Terrific! /That's terrific. We'll have to look after her. Pleasure (excited tone) Good! /That's good. Tell h i m / h e r where you would like to go and what you might do there. H E R Oh no! (Oh really / Mmm.

That's / It's not (at all) likely. When you have finished talking. we couldn't possibly. B Mmm. They're going to England to study. That'll never happen. Here are some ways of expressing the idea. EXAMPLE A D'you think you'll ? B That's not very likely. and others you do not think will happen. I don't think that's possible. I daresay / Maybe / Perhaps he / she they That / It could happen. It He/She They I you it will. Possibility and Impossibility* 1 Ask someone whether he/she thinks: 1 the world will end one day 2 English will become a world language 3 man will live on the Moon one day 4 passports will be abolished 5 the oceans will dry up He / She will say whether he / she thinks these things are possible or impossible. perfectly possible.) .. (No. A Is that possible in England? (very likely) B Yes. Talking about future events. Your friend will consider their likelihood. I daresay it will be.) couldn't possibly. 81 A D'you think ? our horse will win the race Brazil will win the World Cup again I'll be famous one day I'll be a famous politician actor / actress pianist singer disease poverty healthy wealthy 2 you'll be a famous Man will conquer everyone will be one day B (Yes. I (etc. I You (may / might / could). There are things you think might possibly happen. (Quite) possibly. You may be right.. It's / That's (quite / very / perfectly) possible. (could) A D'you think we'll need our overcoats? B No.) . (very) unlikely.80 * See also page 86 on Probability and improbability. (that's not possible) A Why not? B It'll be summer so it'll be hot. Some places are sure to be open. It's / That's (quite / very) likely. A and B are friends. . A I'm sure it'll be wet when we arrive.. That's / It's (not possible / quite impossible). B No. (very likely) A But the banks will be closed so we shan't be able to get any money. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. (it could happen) 3 Ask questions about future events. They're getting ready for the journey and wondering what it will be like on arrival.. B Yes. (it could well be) A It'll be a Sunday so I expect everything will be closed.

a place or a thing? Here are some ways in which you might do so. (good / delightful / exciting) A Yes. I thought it was great. I like it too. I find it rather uncomfortable. I don't like him / her / it. didn't you? A Not really.82 Praise and Criticism 1 What d'you think of 1 television? 2 American films? 3 the President of the United States? 4 the countryside? 5 the seaside? What did you think of the film? (play / concert / party) B I liked it. Did you like the acting? (set / programme /food) B Yes. I like him / her too. I thought it was disappointing. I think charming sincere straightforward considerate intelligent 3 he / she's (very) Talk to someone about places you've been to. I think it's pleasant interesting nice country city town place museum play film novel magazine opera a (very) a (very) good exciting enjoyable original B Yes. I think it's fascinating / very agreeable / pleasant very good / fine / excellent No. Praise and / or criticise them. I think he /she's clever nice honest attractive girl boy guy woman man 2 A a (very) I like it. people you've met. When you have finished talking. I liked it too. I thought it was excellent. isn't it? (theatre / concert hall / house) A D'you think so? I don't like it very much. (depressing /old-fashioned /cold) What do you say if you want to praise ( = speak well of) or criticise ( = speak ill of) a person. Yes. (poor / dull / awful) B It's a nice cinema. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. I think selfish dishonest lazy unfriendly a snob awful terrible dreadful dull boring he / she's it's . A I like him/her. things you like / don't like.

I think.. please. better) Shall we have some white wine? I'd rather have red. (like . then? Yes. (prefer to) 2 What would you prefer to rather do. then? I do. I'd 3 Talk to someone freely about your preferences. Preference 85 Liking one thing better than another. When you.. Would you like to Shall we go out go to the cinema watch TV have a Chinese meal have an Indian meal tonight? HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER B I prefer I like better. (prefer to) Don't you like white wine. I'd rather have some fruit juice to start with. learn French or Spanish 4 what he / she'd rather be. I'd rather go straight home. I'd prefer to rather prefer to rather rather not. fish or meat 2 which he / she likes better. I'm very tired. No. the cinema or the theatre 3 what he / she'd prefer to do. er.. I think. better) What would you like for dessert? Some cheese? I'd rather just have a coffee.84 Preference A Which d'you prefer / like better. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had.. And . . Don't you like fish... (prefer to) OK. (like . but I prefer red wine with meat. have finished talking. 1 tea or coffee? football or tennis? travelling by air or by sea? sunbathing or swimming? writing or receiving letters? study Arts or Science? go to university or travel round the world? get married or remain single? Ask someone: 1 which he / she prefers. Ask your friend about his / her preferences. but I prefer meat. rich or poor 5 if he / she'd like to marry you HIM HER HIM Shall we have some soup first? No. fish or meat? (prefer to) Meat. And what about the main course? Which would you rather have. I don't like soup. thank you. thank you. after dinner? Shall we go to a disco? No thanks. (prefer (just to)) Fine.

I don't think so.86 Probability and Improbability* 1 Ask someone if he / she thinks: 1 the weather will be fine tomorrow 2 you'll pass your exams 3 he / she'll be rich one day 4 he / she'll get married soon 5 the USA will win the next Olympics Let him / her answer using any of the expressions in Section B... He doesn't like writing essays. Very likely. I don't expect so. I shouldn't think so.) Probably not. Mr Atkins? Very probably. (shouldn't think so) the government will win / lose the elections the bank your father John will lend you the money B (Yes. I don't think so. A D'you think it'll be warm cold wet train plane the film play concert will start on time be good tomorrow leave on time be late 2 Peter is taking his exams soon. (Very) Probably. There are things you consider will probably happen. I doubt it. Let him / her reply using expressions of probability and improbability. When you have finished talking. I'm afraid that's not very likely.. I expect so. * See also page 80 on Possibility and impossibility.. / I should think so. Here are some ways of expressing probability and improbability when talking about the future. A B A B A B A B A B A B D'you think Peter will do well. others you think improbable. He's bright and works hard. He's excellent at it. (don't think so) We were hoping he'd get a scholarship. 3 Ask someone about his / her future plans. (He should do) Will he do well in Maths? I expect so. . . That's not very likely / probable. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. He's pretty good at Maths. (No. (likely) Will he do well in the Language paper? I doubt it. but the Language paper will let him down. Peter's clever and works hard.. I think so. His father is asking the teacher how well he thinks his son will do in the exams. (probable) So there's no chance of a scholarship? No. (should think so) And in Science? He'll very probably get a distinction in Science.) It / He should be / should do.

let me know. tell anyone. I won't No. won't you please? (the party) H I M OK. . I promise (you). Yes. won't you? (Maths) . go away. H I M We'll see. won't you? (the party) be long. 3 Ask someone to do and not to do certain things. Yes. will you? 2 You will won't you? D'you promise not to tell anyone? not to go away? to help me? to let me know? B No. No. H I M Yes. I promise. H E R D'you promise? H I M Of course. No. I promise (you) I will. I will if I can but I won't promise. Yes. I promise. 1 A You won't Someone asks you: 1 not to forget to switch off the lights 2 not to leave the front door open 3 to pay back the money you borrowed 4 to promise to tell the truth Promise to do what you have been asked. You will try not to be late for dinner tonight. how do you assure that person that you will? Here are some ways of doing so. I will. When you have finished talking. H E R Tom. I do. H E R And Tom. help me. No. I promise (you). I won't. Sorry.88 Promise Promise 89 If someone asks you to do or not to do something. Yes. won't you? (radio) H I M OK. Yes. I promise. but only if you ask me nicely. you will help Johnny with his homework. be late. H E R Tom. will you? (do the garden) H I M No. I won't. I assure you. You promised to cut the lawn. I promise not to. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. I promise (you) I won't. I will. I promise. I assure you. H E R And you will repair the television. You won't forget. H E R But you will promise not to be late for dinner tonight. I can't/won't promise (that). Let him / her promise. come. Yes. darling. Yes.

thank you. Why don't you ? 1 learn how to drive / swim / dance take up a hobby go into business share a flat with me come for a walk with me dancing with me Ask someone why they don't: 1 buy a television 2 call the Police 3 go into politics 4 get a new job 5 have a haircut 6 take up yoga 7 become a secretary He/She will refuse to comply with your suggestions. But let's go to a disco after dinner. I don't want to) Well. EXAMPLE A Why don't you have a haircut? B Have a haircut? Why should I? (My hair isn't long. no! Heaven forbid! 3 Make suggestions. When you have finished talking. H E R To a disco? Heaven forbid! You know I hate pop.) No.) Why don't you sit down and relax. Someone will refuse to comply. come and talk to me then. I will. thank you. No. thank you. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. Because I don't want to. Why should I? Oh no! (I don't want to) Never! dramatic Good heavens. (Oh no) HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM buy a car / bicycle become a vegetarian dye your hair study medicine 2 B No. thank you. (No. . (Why should I?) May I turn on the radio then? (television) Turn on the radio? What for? (television) So that we can sit down together and listen to some music. Learn how to drive / Take up a hobby? (etc. darling? Because I don't want to. (watch a good film) H E R Listen to some music? And who'll cook dinner? Will you? (Watch a good film) H I M OK. forceful I refuse to.90 Refusal A Refusal 91 Here are some ways of refusing to comply with someone's suggestions. I don't want to. Certainly not. certainly not. No.

(If only . the present and the future you may regret (= things you are sorry you did or did not do in the past or can't do now or in the future).. We need a new one. If only I had / hadn't. we can claim for all this from the Insurance Company.I) H E R Not insured? Oh no! I wish I were dead! 2 Why don't you B I wish I had / hadn't. It's a pity I can't. 1 leave the door unlocked? leave the lights on? get up late? lock the door? switch off the lights? get up earlier? take a day off? go away for a while? come to the party? buy a new car? go back home? get married? A Why did you Why didn't you You regret: 1 not having been to university 2 not having studied Law 3 having studied Medicine 4 not being able to have a holiday How might you express your regret? Burglars have broken into Pat and John's house. but we can't. shut) K I M I'm afraid your diamond bracelet has gone. Anyway. The thieves got in easily through an open window. (ring) H E R I wish I'd put it in the bank! (If only) H I M Look. When you have finished talking. I'm sorry I ever bought it. I'm sorry I can't. They were at work when it happened.92 Regret Regret 93 There are things about the past. 3 Ask questions beginning: Why don't you? Why didn't you? Why did you? He / She will answer using expressions of regret. we're not insured.. H E R It's a pity they didn't take the telly. I wish I could. darling. If only I could. . (It's a pity) H I M I notice they've taken our radio and left the television. You see. It's a pity I didn't / did. H E R If only we'd remembered to close it! (/ wish. H I M They must have got in through the kitchen window. they've taken your fur coat too. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. (I'm sorry) H I M I wish we could. (necklace) HER 1 know. I'm sorry I didn't / did.

. I don't really want to. (/ don't want to) Well. Come and help me in the kitchen. I'm not really in the mood. Would you like to come? No. . I don't really feel like it. do your homework? read the papers? go for a swim? go for a drive? have a party? give me a kiss? A Shall we Let's 2 Why don't you Would you like to John. Do I/we have to? Have I/we got to? strong *(Tiff=a minor quarrel usually between intimate friends.) moderate polite grudging 3 You're planning what to do at the weekend with a friend whose suggestions you are reluctant to accept. Besides. would you like to lay the table then? Really. that's why. 1 go for a walk? go to the cinema? do some work? go out tonight. I'd rather not) Well. Help you in the kitchen? / don't feel like it.. / don't really want to.94 Reluctance Reluctance Suggest to or invite someone to: 1 listen to the radio 2 go away for the weekend 3 go shopping 4 play a game of tennis 5 take a rest Let him or her express reluctance to do so. (No. (I'm not really in the mood) Well. why should I? / don't feel like it. (I don't want to) B (No. .) I don't feel like it. you're in such a bad mood. Do spmething. HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER 95 If someone asks or invites you to do something you don't want to do. Because I'm not in the mood. I want to go out. I'm not in the mood. isn't there anything you want? Yes. don't just sit there. watch this programme. I'd rather not. When you have finished talking. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. I don't want to. Perhaps you'd like to have a drink? No. do I have to? (have I got to?) Not if you don't want to. why don't you go and do some gardening? The lawn needs weeding. listen to some records. what might you say? Here are some ways of expressing your reluctance (= unwillingness) to do it.

Where will you be studying? At the London College of Commerce. but I've got a Home Office Letter of Consent.Report 96 97 Report 1 A friend telephones you saying: 1 My car's been stolen. 2 I parked it outside my house last night. it's gone. I must leave now or I'll miss the train. (stamps passport) If you want to stay longer.. May I see that. or he'd (would) 2 B C He He said he was and had He didn't He asked me if I'd (had) and whether I'd liked He wanted to know if he could (I said he could) He then asked me where I came from. I'm enjoying myself here and have already met a lot of people. you can apply to the Home Office in four months time. B 3 When you've read the dialogue aloud with someone once or twice.. Do it orally first and then in writing.. A B A B A B A B A B A May I see your passport please? Thank you. 4 I've telephoned the Police but 5 they haven't arrived yet. it is. Here's your passport. please? (he inspects it) Yes. Then he thanked me. . How long d'you intend to stay in England? I don't know yet. how old I was. Is it a full-time course of study? Yes. wondered if was said he couldn't said he had to . (reads the letter from the bank) Thank you. and if I'd (would) be staying here long. Then. Health Certificate? Right. I've already been accepted. imagine that you are B and reporting the scene at the Immigration Office to a friend. Here's the letter. Begin: First of all he asked to see my passport. I'm giving you a six months' student visa. Have you been here? Did you like it? Can I ask you a few personal questions? Where d'you come from? Where d'you live? How old are you? Will you be staying here long? Thank you. Here's the letter. Begin: That was Tom on the phone. Ways of reporting what you have heard others say. 3 Now. 6 I suppose they'll be here soon. He said his car An Immigration Officer is questioning a student on his arrival in Britain. Thank you. this is all right. Report the incident to a friend. Have you got a visa? No. It depends on my situation. Have you sufficient funds for your maintenance in London? I have an account at Barclay's Bank.. Fine. I don't really want to go back home. where I lived. What did he say? wanted to know what time it was. A What time is it? Is it nine o'clock? I can't wait.

(why didn't you (tell)?) I didn't think you'd be interested. You might have You should(n't) have You have no right to How dare you speak to me like that! insult my friends! BOY GIRL B Sorry. complain..) it was wrong of me (not to).98 Reproach Reproach A friend has: 1 not phoned you 2 not invited you to a party 3 borrowed your car without permission 4 left the car lights on 5 not contacted you for ages Reproach your friend. He/She will respond apologetically or rudely. He /She will excuse himself/herself. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. I didn't think it mattered. but you might have told me before. I thought you knew.. (I hope you'll) forgive me. When you have finished talking. you men! You're all the same. I (do) apologise. ing) Sorry. Why should(n't) I? defiant / rude 3 Reproach someone for things he/she has or has not done. But you should have told me you were in love with her. mentioned it. offered to help me.. (you might have) Didn't I? You know you didn't. Well. . I'm telling you now. You can't be serious! How dare you not tell me you were going to marry her! (Why on earth didn't you. I Sorry. 1 tell me the truth? tell me you were married? A Why (on earth) didn't you What d'you mean by coming in so late? using my car? told me that before.. be so rude. very reproachful 2 Why didn't you tell me you had a girlfriend? (What d'you mean by not . I'm sorry. (Sorry. Oh. left early. Yes.?) Sorry. GIRL BOY GIRL BOY GIRL BOY GIRL BOY GIRL 99 What do you stay when someone's behaviour annoys you? How do you reproach that person for his/her actions? Here are some ways in which you might do so.

101 Asking people to do things... I'm coming.. sir. You need your friend's help in a number of ways: with the luggage.) of course /certainly / all right OK. please? (Could . There. (please)? Do Would Will Would you mind -ing .. I'm afraid / Sorry. (please)? 2 Tom has been waiting to be served for a long time. Could you come back in a minute? (Would) Right.. / I won't.. (five minutes later) Now.. you . I can't (No. When you have finished talking. in smaller print. Would you mind giving me the English menu? (Do you mind) It's written in English too. will you? (would) Just a moment. Thanks. Here you are. what are you having? I'm sorry. (would you be so good as to) Will you . . but would you be so kind as to make up your mind soon? We're very busy just now as you can see. Would you get me one. ? TOM very formal and rarely used WAITER TOM WAITER TOM WAITER you be close /open the door / window listen to me wait a minute tell me the time do me a favour lend me £1 post this letter help me hold this for me keep me company give me a lift get me some stamps pass the salt TOM WAITER B (Yes. Thank you. bring me the menu.. certainly.. will would you? TOM WAITER Waiter. He is impatient. Ask your friend to do these things.. 3 You're at an airport travelling with a friend. I'll need a while to choose. what would you like? I'd like to see the menu. etc... flight information. Do you mind giving me a couple of minutes? (Would you mind) All right. Ah! But this is in French. A Said with a rising tune Could Would Listed in order of politeness. checking in. ? so kind so good as to .100 Request Request 1 In varying degrees of politeness ask someone to: 1 turn the radio off 2 close the door 3 tell you the truth 4 show you the way 5 carry your suitcase He/She will comply or refuse. (ten minutes later) Now. in varying degrees of politeness. please) Yes. I haven't decided yet.) I can't. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had.

102 Request A B (for Repetition) 1 Speaking indistinctly. Tony Hughes. Have you been to Africa/ / ? etc. I didn't catch that. Don't forget to bring the letter. What was that you said? (Say that again. Tony's coming too. I didn't hear that.) I didn't hear what you said. (Sorry. Say that again (please). someone: 1 asks you the time 2 asks you where you live 3 tells you where he/she lives 4 tells you something about the weather 5 says he/she can't go to your party You haven't heard properly. write down in dialogue form the conversation/s you have had.) I'll meet you at the Bull and Bush round about seven. What? Where? Who? (etc.. / didn't quite catch what you said. I didn't (quite) catch what you said. you know. Who's coming? {Who did you say (was)) Tony. Where? (Where did you say) At the Bull and Bush. What was that (you said)? Could you say that again (please)? Could you repeat that? Would you mind repeating that? (I didn't hear you. .) (did you say?) 2 A is a little hard of hearing (= deaf).) . 3 Make statements and ask questions. Speak indistinctly. When you have finished talking. A B A B A B A B A Sorry. makes any statements or asks any questions he/she likes: Turn left at the lights/ / etc. Your friend will ask you to repeat what you have said. Sorry. When did you say? (When) Round about seven. she can't come. she's busy. He often has to ask people to repeat what they have said. Ask the person to repeat what he/she said. Ways of asking people to repeat what they have said because you have not heard them distinctly. There's a lot of noise outside. A Loretta? No. (Would you mind repeating that?) B I said don't forget to bring the letter..

104 Suggestion A What shall we Where shall we Suggestion 105 Making suggestions when someone invites you to do so. if you liked. I don't like that place. A B A B A B A B A B A B 2 Who shall we When shall we B Let's Why don't we Why not ? How What We ? about ( + -ing) might could ? tentative I suppose we I suggest we might could 3 A friend. fine.) A Fine.. When shall we go and look? Why not sometime next week? (Why don't we go) No. How about going there? (What about) No. etc. let's go on Saturday.. who would like to go on holiday with you. We'll do that. OK. (might) Yes. Why don't we get ourselves a new car? The old one's falling apart. Why don't we try the garage Martin recommended? (/ suggest. what a good idea! What kind shall we get? We could look at an MG this time. Where shall we go? There's a car dealer down the road. .) Oh. . how long to stay... Make suggestions. When you have finished talking. write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had. asks you to suggest where to go and stay. (Let's . . 1 buy for her birthday? do tonight? have for lunch? go in the summer? leave our luggage? park the car? invite to the party? write to? ask for information? leave? return? get up? Someone asks you for suggestions about: 1 a party: when to have it 2 where to have it 3 who to invite 4 what food to serve 5 what kind of music to have Make practical suggestions.

106

Surprise
A
I've just

Surprise

107

Expressing surprise when people say surprising things.

1
won £1000. got married. swum the Channel. given up my job. bought a yacht. spoken to the Queen. England has the best climate in the world. English food is the best in the world. English food to foreign food. winter to summer. work to play. walking in the rain. foggy weather. going to work. the sound of traffic. the smell of petrol.

Tell someone: 1 you've just been sacked/robbed/proposed to 2 you like hard work/cold weather/frozen food 3 you prefer rain to sunshine/water to wine 4 you think English is easy/driving a car is difficult He/She will express surprise at your statements. A B A B A B A B D'you know who's just got married? Old Macdonald. Never! He's over eighty, isn't he? (No) He's nearly ninety. Good gracious! Are you sure? (Good heavens) I am. What's more his wife is eighty-four. . She isn't, is she? (Is she really) Yes, she is. And guess what! He's her sixth husband. Really? Quite a woman, isn't she? (Get away!)

2

I think

I prefer

I love

B

(No!) ...
You haven't, have you? You don't, do you? Really? Have/Do you really? Never! What? Good heavens! Good gracious! Get away! You can't be serious.

3

Tell someone surprising things: 1 you've just done 2 you like /hate 3 you prefer He/She will express surprise. When you have finished talking, write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had.

108

Sympathy

Sympathy

109

Ways of giving sympathy and encouragement to someone.

1
failed my exams. lost my job. had an accident. broken my leg. got to go into hospital. get the job. get my degree. get the scholarship. win the prize. win the case.

A
I've

Tell someone: 1 your car was stolen 2 your house was burgled 3 you've had your car licence endorsed 4 the house you wanted to buy has been sold to someone else 5 when you got to the airport your flight had been cancelled because of a strike He/She will give sympathy and encouragement. As John was driving on the motorway he heard a loud noise coming from the engine. Seconds later the car came to a sudden halt. He is talking about it to his friend Tom. JOHN TOM JOHN TOM JOHN TOM JOHN TOM I daresay you've heard about my breakdown on the motorway. Yes. What bad luck! But cheer up! It could have been a lot worse. (What a shame / Never mind) Could it? They tell me it needs a new engine. Oh, no! / am sorry. It'll cost you a fortune. (That is bad luck) Yes, over £500 I believe. £500! Oh, that is bad luck. You poor chap. (/ am sorry) Still, as you say, it could have been a lot worse. I might have been killed. Quite. It's not the end of the world. But I know how you feel. £500 is a lot of money. (You mustn't let it get you down)

2

I didn't

My wife/husband has left me!

B

(Oh,)... No! I am sorry. I'm so sorry. I'm sorry to hear that. What a shame! That is a shame. What bad luck! That is bad luck. But ... Never mind! ... Cheer up! ... Don't worry (about it) ... You mustn't worry (about it) ... Don't let it worry you/get you down You mustn't let it get you down ... It could be (a lot) worse. It's not the end of the world.

. J HEAR THAT.

Bur ween UP!
END QP

3

A friend is speaking to you about a number of problems he has been having recently. Give him sympathy and encouragement. When you have finished talking, write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had.

110

Volition

Volition

111

Ways of expressing your wish /desire to do or not to do something.

1
What would you like to d'you want to d'you want to would you like to d'you want to would you like to d'you want to would you like to do / buy?

A

Ask someone: 1 what film he/she wants to see 2 where he/she'd like to live 3 if he / she wants to be rich 4 if he/she'd like to be a pop singer 5 who he/she'd like to marry He/she will respond. HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER HIM HER Don't you want to go out, then? (D'you want to) No, I don't. Wouldn't you like to go to a discotheque or something? (Would you like to) No, I wouldn't. Well, what would you like to do? I'd like to do something exciting, like flying to Miami for example. (I'd love to) Oh! I see. Yes, I'd love to have lots of money, enjoy myself and have a good time. (/ long to) Anything else? Yes, / want to marry a millionaire. (I'd like to) Well, that's one thing I've no desire to be.(/ don't want to) I know. That's why I've no wish to go out with you. (/ don't want to)

Where

go / eat?

2

When

leave / get married?

Who

see / talk to?

B
A

I want to I don't want to I'd like to I'd love to I long to strong desire to do something I've no desire / wish to D'you want to ? Don't you want to ? Would you like to ? Wouldn't you like to ? Yes, I do./No, I don't. Yes, I would./No, I wouldn't. I'd love to.

B

3

You have a friend staying for the weekend. Find out what he/she would like to do, where he/she wants to go, who he/she would like to meet, etc. When you have finished talking, write down in dialogue form the conversation you have had.

' 'I did my best.' 'Not at all. 113 'I'll be around if you should need me. 4. David! How are you?' 'Fine. Jane. thanks. John! Meet my cousin.' 'HerevS the book you asked for.' 'Oh. 48). Introduction (p. Дик.—А мы знакомы. How are you?' 'Good morning. SECTION II Agreement and Disagreement (p. Мне очень хотелось помочь вам. but it didn't work out' 'Thank you all the same. Mrs Byrd?' 'Hullo. 2.' 'Hullo. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. Conclusion (p. (No.' 'It was very thoughtful of you. it is (they are/he will. 46) I. к сожалению. Nice to see you.' 'Thank you for the trouble you've taken. Mr Croydon?' 'How do you do. спасибо. Рад видеть тебя. I (quite) agree (with you). thank you. но.' 1.' 'How do you do. AGREE OR DISAGREE WITH THE STATEMENTS. . etc.) I don't think so. 28). No. 3. Certainty and Uncertainty (p.).112 Supplement SECTION I Greeting (p.' 'We've met. Я справлюсь сам. 34) I.' 'Thank you very much indeed. Вы оказали мне большую услугу.' 'Don't mention it. Thank you very much. 62). MEMORIZE THE DIALOGUES.' 'I did what you asked me. Nick. 74).' 'Mrs Byrd. Вам помочь? — Нет. thank you.' II. Opinion (p. USE THE FOLLOWING: Yes.). Gratitude (p. 16).' 'You're welcome. Привет. — Тем не менее большое вам спасибо. (I'm afraid) I don't agree (with you). It was very kind of you.' 'Can I help you?' 'No. thank you. я не смог этого сделать.' 'You did me a great favour. it isn't (they aren't /he won't. Nice to see you too.before.) I think so. 'Hullo.' 'Thanks'. Спасибо. (Yes. this is Mr Croydon. I'll manage. 5. — И я тоже. — Не стоит благодарности. Джон! Познакомься с моей сестрой. etc.

I don't think you're right. When addressing an audience you should stop before the listeners want you to. A polite denial is better than a rude grant. THINK OF REMARKS TO WHICH THE FOLLOWING MAY SERVE AS RESPONSES EXPRESSING CERTAINTY OR UNCERTAINTY. but. .. USE THE FOLLOWING: Yes. he is also a poor sailor. etc. 2. 4. These colours do not match. I don't think so. 5. etc. Will this bus take me to Trafalgar Square? 9. it (they. 'I don't think they expected it. Are we going in the right direction? 10. not by the actions.. Reading habit is dying out because of the cinema and TV. he will. One should judge by the words. 10. it (they. I know it for certain. I'm not sure if it is (they are. Life is full of compromises. 1.114 Supplement Supplement 115 1. TV will ultimately oust the cinema. 1. E. I doubt it. If a person gets car-sick.) certainly isn't (aren't. I'm not sure if it is (they are. 6. No. 3. 8. DRAW CONCLUSIONS FROM THE FOLLOWING FACTS. Circumstances may force one to do things one wouldn't like to do. but. II. 3.. There's no doubt about it. I don't doubt it. certainly. (to be tired) He must be tired. I doubt it. It's never late to study. No news is always good news. (to be tired) He can't be tired. 7. It'll be a waste of time and effort. I agree with you in a sense. 10.). EXPRESS CERTAINTY. 5. 'Did we bring Baby to the shops?' 'I'm not quite sure if we did.' He worked all day. 7. 4. 3. 2. 5. 6. One shouldn't offer one's opinion unless one is asked to. I'm (not) sure (of it).g.' 'I must be getting old. Is this shop open on Sunday? IV. Students in class must seat in a circle or in a rectangle. 7. etc. I think you're right. My husband is making money faster than I can spend it. etc. 3. My opinion is that space exploration is of no use to the present generation. 8. Money is the last thing I need. 6.). 6. Jogging is good for everybody. etc. There's no doubt about it. RESPOND TO THE QUESTIONS AND STATEMENTS EXPRESSING CERTAINTY OR UNCERTAINTY.) certainly is (are. RESPOND TO THE STATEMENTS EXPRESSING YOUR OPINION.' V. 5.). I think women should keep out of politics. Yes. It is difficult to talk to someone who is sitting with his back to you. 1. I'm not sure of it. USE THE FOLLOWING: / think so too.). Wearing uniform at school promotes discipline. One should learn to win arguments without making enemies. USE 'MUST' OR 'CAN'T'' FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE. Hunger is the best remedy for any disease. 2. That may be true. It's hard to convince others if you are not convinced yourself. He did not do a stroke of work. 2. 7. It isn't true to fact. 4. 9.. 4. III. Honey is as fattening as sugar. 8. 9. Fat people live longer. etc. One does not get tired if the work is interesting. Any change is always good.

6. 10. 5. (to be working hard) 8. it was my fault. She didn't ask any questions. (to be admitted to college) 9. There is no answer. The figures you gave me are all wrong. Не может быть. That won't do.. 6. She made good progress in English. USE THE FOLLOWING: It's all right. (to do everything well) 4. I'm (awfully) sorry. 4. He has a way with children. новости неприятные. You made a mess of everything. Без сомнения. You gave me the wrong address. 3. USE THE FOLLOWING: That's no excuse. It was so awkward of me. Yes. (to identify him) 1. etc. чтобы он сказал неправду. She never left Moscow. 7. You crossed on the red light. 6. Excuse my troubling you. 3. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS GIVING YOUR APOLOGY. I'm sorry. 2. I do apologise. I was held up by the traffic. I checked it several times. Supplement Supplement 117 II... Sorry. 4. 7. You mixed up the dates. I'm awfully sorry I didn't have time. 9.. Sorry. It was dark. He passed the entrance examinations well. It can wait. Я придерживаюсь другого мнения.' It was too cold outside. 1. Я сомневаюсь в этом. 8. RESPOND TO SOMEONE WHO IS TRYING TO EXCUSE HIMSELF. 8. Очевидно. 1. I meant well. Sorry. 1. 4. Я полностью с вами согласен. I forgot all about it. . 10. He went to school in England. Don't jump the queue. So sorry! 2. I do apologise. .). I didn't mean to be rude (to offend you/to hurt your feelings. I didn 't mean to. 9. You needn't apologise. 6. They have a road map. You forgot to pack the catalogues. I overcharged you. I've been waiting for half an hour.' IV. 3. It could have been worse. (to know English well) 2. (to have an accident) 7. You're making it difficult for me. V. It's all right. Never mind. I must apologise for interfering but it is urgent. 20). Он выглядит расстроенным. Oh. Sorry. REASSURE THE PERSON WHO IS APOLOGISING TO YOU. (to forget what you asked him for) 10. Never mind. They trained a lot. THINK OF REMARKS TO WHICH THE FOLLOWING MIGHT SERVE AS APOLOGIES. I should have had it typed. (to be out) 5. 5. etc. kept in for insolent feed back. I'm so sorry.. (to make up one's quarrel) They must have made up their quarrel. (to be wrong) 12. You broke the regulations. I'm afraid you'll never forgive me. He is a professional. что вы не совсем правы. etc. 11. 7. Sorry. I do apologise. I've kept you waiting. It's my fault. 8. (to see her in London) 3. I didn't (wasn't/won't. The order is final. 5. Complaint. Я с вами согласен в известной степени. He is reliable and obliging. MAKE UP DIALOGUES AND ACT THEM IN PAIRS. I'm awfully sorry. (to make a mistake) 15. (to lose one's way) 14. Excuse my disturbing you. please. He is an authority on the subject. I'm awfully sorry.' 'That's no excuse. USE THE FOLLOWING. You misinformed me. 1. 32) I. (to be a good teacher) 6. (to lose the game) 11. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. 2. Я в этом не уверен. You're late. 5. (to be clear to her) 13.) of me. 1. I'm afraid I've taken up too much of your time. 5. Боюсь. He is a careful driver. 4. You've let us down. I know but . 2. 7. 3. Never mind. I was detained at the office. VI. Sorry. 10.). 'Sorry. Oh. They are close friends. It's perfectly all right. 9. Позвольте с вами не согласиться.116 I saw them together. 3. That's all right. Apology/Excuse (p. Do forgive me. I'm sorry. Will there be a stain? 8. однако . I overslept. 2. THINK OF REMARKS WHICH MAY BE FOLLOWED BY THE FOLLOWING ASSURANCES. Forgive me. 6. (to quarrel over such a trifle) They can't have quarrelled over such a trifle. SECTION III Apology (p. это так и есть. SHOW THAT YOU ARE NOT SATISFIED. 4. III. It was wrong (careless/foolish.

: This isn't exactly the end of the world. 4. Sorry. Я не хотел обидеть вас. Everything will be all right. Can I help you? 3. but this is the only thing I could find. What bad luck! Don't worry about it. Не волнуйтесь. 6. что вы должны чувствовать. II. I'm terribly behindhand with my work.there's a teenage party there. That's the way things are. She married that awful boy. Это моя вина. Это было глупо с моей стороны. He let me down again. Sympathy (p. We lost the game. I am sorry. Ignorance (p. Obligation (p. 10. 5. Нет. Извинитеменя. but you didn't remind me. Relax. I won't be able to catch up with the class. I can't stand the man. так дело не пойдет. It was quite a shock! 3. 6. This is the way things are. VI. 4. Direction (p. Buses are so slow. I couldn't get in touch with him. Does What's the matter? What's the trouble? What's the problem? You look upset. /It may all come right. MEMORIZE THE QUESTIONS AND ANSWER THEM IN THE AFFIRMATIVE OR IN THE NEGATIVE. 6. I sold the car at a great loss. What he said was so unfair. I'm afraid they'll disqualify him. It was raining all day long. Мне не везет.) 8. I I I . I feel worried. 2. WHEN EXPRESSING SYMPATHY USE THE PATTERNS LISTED IN EXERCISE I. 4. 5. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. I'm so worried about him. His blood pressure is up again. I had no small change. you know. 26). Is there a post office (enquiry ' office / public telephone/pharmacy/supermarket/filling station/tea shop/cinema house/restaurant) around here? 6. SECTION V Interrogation (p. 2.118 Supplement Supplement 119 1. Somehow I've lost interest in it. 7. 1. Can you find your way back (home/to the station)? 4. ACT THE DIALOGUES IN PAIRS. 2. (Относитесь к этому спокойнее. Простите. Too many things to do. My project has been turned down. 3. 60). EXPRESS SYMPATHY OR GIVE ENCOURAGEMENT. I really don't know what to do. Могло быть хуже. 3. Мне очень неприятно. The line was busy whenever I called. 5. пожалуйста. 9. Это еще не конец света! 10. 8. Her death was a great personal loss to me. USE THE FOLLOWING: Oh. Все будет в порядке. Fred?. 6. Loss (for Words) (p. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS. Sorry. 9. Necessity (p. I lost faith in him. Успокойтесь. MAKE UP DIALOGUES BY COMBINING THE REMARKS GIVEN BELOW. 'Is anything the matter?' 'We're not allowed home before midnight . 10. /It's not the end of the world. 68) I. I missed so many lessons. 8. (Нет. Cause (p. I'm very much upset. Is anything the matter? 2. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. Не огорчайтесь так. Что вас волнует? 4. Well. Представляю себе. это не годится. I'm out of luck. What has happened? Is anything the matter? Is anything wrong? . — Ничего. Извините. Не принимайте это близко к сердцу. 38). 70). Everything seems to go wrong. you know. But the examination is a long way off. Это не может служить оправданием. Am I right for the Natural History Museum (the Albert Memorial /Buckingham Palace)? 5. не беспокойтесь.. Is the museum (park/exhibition/bank/shop) open on Sundays (on public holidays/on week days/at weekends)? 7. I feel depressed. 108) I. Permission (p. I'm sorry. He gets on my nerves. 7. I don't feel well. Что произошло? 3. 1. 42). Take it easy.' 'How about a great big smile. 72). I understand how you feel. 76). —Не извиняйтесь. I appreciate your problems. 52). Извините меня. В чем дело? 2. 7. Какое невезение! 9. I'll do it tomorrow. 5. Sorry.' I. Cheer up! It could be worse. 1.) SECTION IV Distress (p. 7.

6. What time is it? 4. 7. How can I get to ./It is worth while. 4. 2. What day (of the week) is it today? 3. Is this table reserved? 14./He is a nice man./Take the first turning to the left/ Take bus 77 and go as far as . / This is what I think. What is the date today? 2./He looks ill. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS FIRST BY CHOOSING THE CORRECT ANSWER. MEMORIZE THE QUESTIONS AND POSSIBLE ANSWERS./He looks fine. Where do we meet? 15. 5. Consult the diagram on the wall./It is dangerous. MEMORIZE THE QUESTIONS. It's a quarter to five. 3../He is short. What is it made of? 6. Has flight number SZ 735 been called? 11./It's just in front of you.. How old is he? 8./It does not make sense. Today is Friday. I suppose. What does he look like? He is tall. ASK QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE ANSWERED BY THE FOLLOWING: 'Smells good./He is very formal and official./He seems tired. Has the Paris flight arrived? 12. difficult to deal with... THEN FROM MEMORY. Is this seat taken? 13. dear. How do you know it? This is what everybody says. 9. It takes place at the Epsom racecourse in Surrey./He has changed greatly. It's 110-125 volts. What is the English for . IV. 1..same. What is it like outside? It's warm (cold/wet/windy). and then change for . Can I make a reservation (call a taxi/ send a telegram) by phone? 16. How much does it weigh? 7.. ? It's just round the corner. / It was great fun. What shall I do next? 14./It's raining (snowing)./It is unfair. Just relax for a while. 5. Will you get off at the next stop? 10. How long will it take us to do it (to get there)? 10. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS WITH DEFINITE SITUATIONS IN MIND.. / Everybody was bored. ACT THE DIALOGUES IN PAIRS./He is friendly and cooperative. A credit card. What was it?' 1. She gave me 30 pence change.by weight or by number? What number should I dial for police or ambulance? What number should I dial for the correct time? What is the voltage here? What was the score? What's the fare to Hyde Park Corner? What size shoes do you wear? Who played the leading role? How far is it to Leicester Square? Where do the sightseeing tours start from? How long will the trip last? How much did she give you out of the pound? Who played the part of Napoleon in "The Battle of Waterloo"? They are marked with a red circle and a blue crossbar.. For the correct time dial TIM. I take size five in shoes./Take bus 23 and change at . / It's quite near. Will this bus take me to the Tate Gallery? 9./He is handsome. 1. Nothing./I enjoyed it thoroughly. What do you call it? 12. What kind of person is he? He is good company. 8. For police or ambulance dial 999.. Where does the Derby take place? How are the underground stations marked in London? How shall I know where to get off? Where can I buy stamps? What should I do not to get lost in the underground? How do I set the machine going? How are oranges sold .. How much is it all in all? 9. GIVE THE INFORMATION OR INSTRUCTIONS REQUIRED. Some plastic material. It's a long way off. When do we meet? V. Can you change a pound note (a dollar bill)? 15. How does he look? Very much the. Are the seats bookable? II.120 Supplement Supplement 121 the fare depend on the distance? 8. it feel to be back home (to be a champion/to be quite independent/to be a grandfather)? Absolutely splendid!/Wonderful!/I still can't get used to it. What does the letter say? 11. 3. III. 4. What was it like? It was wonderful (nice/thrilling/exciting). It's ten pence. You can buy them from the machine outside the post office. / It was a nuisance. Just push this button (pull this handle / turn this knob)./It isn't worth while./It is safe./Go straight ahead and then turn to the right. 6. The letter says that . It was six to four in favour of Liverpool.. / This is what Walter told me./It makes sense. What do you think of it? It is fair. 2. How does./He is ugly./Bus 5 will take you right there. MEMORIZE THE QUESTIONS. Two hours at most./Take the underground as far as .. How do you spell it? 13. Rod Steiger did. ? 5./It was a great disappointment.. They start from Piccadilly Circus and Marble Arch./It's a waste of time and effort../ It is sensible. Usually by weight. for . Glenda Jackson. Ask the conductor to put you down./He is very.

What are the taxi rates in London? 9. Where is the nearest underground station (bus stop / taxi stand / enquiry office / pharmacy / public telephone/ filling station)? 13. Are English policemen armed? 6. I'M AFRAID NOT'. There was no policeman around. 3. Who is the author (director/producer/photo­ grapher / translator / interpreter)? 4. YOU NEEDN'T'. I couldn't say. The air conditioner has broken down. When does the (next / last) train (plane / flight) leave (arrive)? 10. What is the shortest way to Victoria Station? 8. Where is the left luggage office (lost property office / gate four)? 14. dear? It's hurting his eyes. Where can I have my laundry done (my watch repaired / my suit pressed / my dress ironed / a film developed)? В 1. Who is responsible for the task (mission / work / project)? 3. GIVE YOUR REASONS. I wasn't sure. Is there capital punishment in Great Britain? 5. I DON'T' A ask a question? make a suggestion? come in? go out? stay? leave? throw it away? keep it? stay away? be excused? have a word with you? call you up at your office? write you at this address? В smoking? being present? leaving? staying? turning on the TV? calling you Bill? toning down the radio? toning it up? Do you mind my May I 'May I go for a run with boys. Is bingo a fruit or a game? 7. 1. Nobody let me know. 7. (I have) no idea. VI. 8. When did Great Britain go over to decimal currency? 4. What is meant by package holiday'? VII. At the entrance to the theatre. Busby. get a visa? apply for official permission? declare it (at the customs)? get a health certificate? write the return address? write the zone number? sign for the telegram? keep the receipt? pay in cash? buy a new ticket if I make a change? put it in writing? keep the sales slip? fill in the form? VIII. What is his first name (surname / title / rank / status/ occupation)? 5. What flower is the national emblem of Great Britain? 3. The shop was closed for repairs. When does the shop (bank / travel agency/exhibition) open (close)? 12. 2. . Where should I change) for Oxford Street? 16. Where do I have to check in for the BOAC flight for Paris? 15. I had no time. It is the seventh of May. CERTAINLY' OR 'NO. 8. I DO' OR 'NO. B-u-s-b-y. MAKE UP A DIALOGUE ON THE BASIS OF THE EXERCISE. What happened to the London Bridge? 9: What is 'high tea'? 10. When does the show (film / game/play) begin (end)? 11. What is the story (film / book / play / novel) about? 6. YOU MUST' OR 'NO. I missed the four o'clock train. What games are played in English pubs? 8. 'YES. Who is in charge of the office (department / bank)? 2. 10. It was too expensive. 9. ADMIT YOUR IGNORANCE. Mummy?' 'Do you mind my turning off the light. 5. Not more than twenty minutes. 9. ASK WHY-QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE ANSWERED BY THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES EXPRESSING CAUSE. 10. What are the colours of the British national flag? 2. ASK FOR PERMISSION TO DO SOMETHING. 7. 4. WHEN ANSWERING THE QUESTIONS SAY 'YES. IF YOU CANT. LET THE OTHER PERSON G^ANT OR REFUSE IT BY SAYING 'YES. What is the best route to take? 7. USE THE FOLLOWING: (I'm afraid) I don't know. 6. Must I Do I have to Must I Do I have to IX. I didn't have any change.122 Supplement Supplement 123 reservations have been made. I lost my way. How much does it cost to send a letter by air mail (to send a letter by regular mail/ to send a book by book post / to have a coat drycleaned / to have a coat altered)? 17. A 1. GIVE THE INFORMATION REQUIRED.

10. Откуда вам это известно? 7. 'Wait a moment. 13. please?'. Emergency exit. g. 7. IV. cotton wool. Что вы об этом думаете? 3. Request (for Repetition) (p. 10. 11. Private. 2. When in London we stayed at St James Hotel. Hurry up. Иначе вам не обменяют купленную вещь. In. g. Keep silent. No trespassing. 30). 102). III. The famous statue of Peter Pan is in Kensington Gardens. 3. Prohibition and Compliance (p. 9. 8. No parking. 3. Можно мне присутствовать? 23. Out.. but you know what I mean. Take your time. 2. ASK FOR A REPETITION. CHANGE THE COMMANDS INTO POLITE REQUESTS.124 Supplement Supplement X. Get out of my way. On the occasion of his anniversary we gave him a camera. Как она выглядит? Сильно изменилась? 10. '. Можно мне не присутствовать? 22. Don't block the passage.. detergent.. Change at Oxford Circus.. 14. Pick me up at the office. Will you keep an eye on my luggage (please)? 1. TRANSLATE SEE THEM. I can't think of the right word. 1. Cross . 10. A sort of. Как называется эта вещь? 14. Сколько времени нам потребуется. 6. если я открою окно? 25. YOU HAVE FORGOTTEN OR YOU DO NOT KNOW THE ENGLISH FOR THE THINGS YOU NEED. 8. Какое сегодня число? 4. Do me a favour. Look up the number in the telephone directory. не нужно. CHANGE THE FOLLOWING INTO REPORTED SPEECH. 7. No entry. В чем дело? Что-нибудь случилось? 2. 2. Don't slam the door. Можно писать вам по этому адресу? 24. чтобы добраться туда? 12. 12. Где мы встре­ тимся? 15. 12. 15. It's a quarter to five. Do as you are told. dear. 5. E. '. 7. We are to meet at seven. His name is Guy.' II. Report (p. 96) I. Мне нужно заполнить бланк? —Нет.. bandage. Think it over carefully. screw driver. Tone the radio down. I'll be back in a moment. Я включу радио погромче. wallet. Push. Put me down at Edgware Road. No admittance.. Что он за человек? 8. 9. Что написано в письме? 13. zipper. 5. Would you mind toning the radio down? Keep an eye on my luggage. Call for me on your way back. Apologise to her for me. Put the litter in the litter bin. Как обстояли дела? 6. Carry on for me. I'm finishing. Можно мне от вас позвонить? 21. Вы не возражаете? Will you carry my bag up. 3. Call him in. Вы не возражаете. Stay where you are. 6. (В этом нет необходимости. Speak to the point. THE NOTICES. 9. Pull. Act as you see fit. Give me a lift to Paddington. scotch tape. Какой сегодня день недели? 5. Take it easy. 5. Где состоится конференция? 11. The score was four to five in favour of the Cambridge University team. 1. 4. Как добраться до Британского музея? 16. 4. 4. 19. 100). Get my bill ready. Call me up at the office. tincture of ioldine. 11. 3. E. you know. Command. 8. carbon paper. SAY WHERE YOU ARE LIKELY TO 1. Где ближайшая станция метро? 17. 4. Ask him the way. THE WORDS YOU DID NOT HEAR ARE PRINTED IN BOLD TYPE. 6. scissors XL TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. Как она выглядит? Я никогда не видел ее. 9. 5. Есть ли здесь поблизости телефон-автомат? 18. 6. Нужно ли сохранять чек?— Да.) Нужна только ваша подпись. DESCRIBE TO THE SHOP GIRL THE FOLLOWING THINGS THAT YOU WANT TO BUY. 'HE DEMANDED THAT I SHOULD . 7. band aid. Ring for the porter. 1. No overtaking. USE THE EXPRESSIONS SHOWING THAT YOU ARE AT A LOSS FOR WORDS: I don't know what you call it. 2. What did you say his name was? SECTION VI Request (p. BEGIN WITH 'HE TOLD (ORDERED) ME . 20. Do what you think best 12. 11.

23. 1. Which do you like better-life in the city or in the country? 2. пожалуйста. 54).the theatre or the cinema? 3. 6. я побродил бы по городу сам. Disappointment (p. 8. 11. Как умно с вашей стороны! 7. 9. 66). 7. Думаю. 26. 10.126 Supplement Supplement A hiking? travelling? sunbathing? walking in the rain? sweets? pepsi cola? pop music? science fiction? 127 only at the lights. He listens only to what he wants to hear. Indifference (p. 82). 4. Caution. 22). 56) I. We'll go on a cruise. Keep clear of the doors. CONSTRUCT QUESTIONS AND ANSWER THEM GIVING YOUR REASONS. I'd rather not. 18). 2. 78). Shall we walk or take a bus? 7. Пре­ красная мысль! 5. 1. USE THE FOLLOWING: (It's a) good idea! That's not a (very) good idea. Где. Current sale and reservations. Let him have another try. Which do you prefer . DISAPPOINTMENT. II. I'll speak on TV. 6. 40). Думаю. etc. Как замечательно! 3. 10. Shall we make a boat trip today? 5. Fasten your seat belts. 24). как вам говорят. в Do you like the way he she does it? talks? walks? laughs? sings? Do you like V. пожалуйста. Annoyance (p. SECTION VII Approval and Disapproval (p. Which do you prefer . что это не очень разумно. Visitors are requested not to touch the exhibits. 17. Would you like to make a guided tour of the city? 6. вы сказали. Пожалуйста. Что заказать— кофе или мороженое?—Пожалуй. USE THE How (very) disappointing! Really. I think it's wise of you (him /them. 9. 13. Делайте так. I tore up the rough copy.). я бы предпочел побыть сегодня дома. как находите нужным. Really? What a pity! What a nuisance! How (very) annoying! SURPRISE. Praise and Criticism (p. 18. I hate it. SAY WHY YOU APPROVE OR DISAPPROVE OF WHAT YOU HEAR. услугу. I do. I'll give up smoking. SECTION VIII Belief and Disbelief (p. EXPRESS DISBELIEF. Поторапливайтесь. она сказала. 84) I. 1. Do you take your tea with milk or lemon? 10. за моими вещами. 14. Wonderful! What for? How exciting! I don't think it's wise of you (him /them. Shall we have fish or meat? 8. высадите меня на Эджвер Роуд.. Wet paint. 6. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. Не хлопайте дверью.. 9. I decided to take out a life insurance. No (thank you). мороженое. что это неплохая идея. For hire. No (thank you). 5. 5. I'd rather . Pleasure and Displeasure (p. вы сказали. 25. 1. они пишут. Preference (p. Good! I don't think it's sensible. (pronounced with an indifferent tone of voice) / don't (really) care! Who cares? So what? . USE THE FOLLOWING: Yes. Не спешите. 3. Leaving litter is an offence for which you can be fined up to ten pounds. 19. попросите его войти. Incredulity (p. 10. Как. Окажите мне. I'll invite the Wests. он приезжает? 13. Do not lean out of the window. Присмотрите. его зовут? 12. No... Поступайте так. Я сейчас вернусь. 16. Do not annoy the animals. Поедем на экскурсию? — Пожалуй. Single file traffic. ANNOYANCE OR INDIFFERENCE. Где. Would you like to go out or to have a quiet evening at home? 4. 2. FOLLOWING: / don't believe you (it). 3. называется эта вещь? 15. No smoking. 106). Уйдите с дороги.. Surprise (p. etc. Same day cleaning. Что вам больше нравится — футбол или хоккей? 8. 8. 22. EXPRESS YOUR APPROVAL OR DIS­ APPROVAL. находится этот памятник? 14.). Keep off the grass. 15. I'll cut down on sweets. 4. 24. Будьте добры. Как.to struggle or to give in? IV. Когда. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS. 7. вы сказали. Прекрасно! 2. / like. 20. Charted. 21. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS. Like and Dislike (p. better. What would you like-coffee or tea? 9. I'll pretend I don't know anything. Пойдем куда-нибудь?—Нет. I don't. 4. It's hard to believe. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES.. они собираются остановиться? I prefer.

I hope she'll bear out my story.'. will you? 4.) 10. Мне это глубоко безразлично! 9. Я не верю этому. Herbert refused to keep us company.' 'I don't really care. SECTION IX Intention (p. They're bringing along all the children. a sales check made out. Неужели? (Да что вы говорите!) 5. The shop is closed for repairs. 14. I might as well eat breakfast at home.. 5. OR GIVE A PROMISE.' 'It's hard to believe. we'll have to make a detour. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS. Do you think the summer will be hot? 2. 1. Простите. Cardiff beat Liverpool three to nil. 2. Are you determined to fulfil your New Year resolutions? 11. Volition (p. my bill made out. Possibility and Impossibility (p. Sorry. MAKE UP SENTENCES TO EXPRESS YOUR INTENTIONS. Gerald has got a rise in salary. Maybe. Promise (p. I promise you. They say she is quite famous now. 9. Как жаль! (Какая жалость!) 6. Do you think she will be admitted? 8. I won't. Ну и что из этого? 'M-A-R-Y! Someone wants to listen to you!' III. I will. 7. No. EXPRESS YOUR WISH. to have the prescription filled..' I'd like I want to speak ttf Mr Hamilton. to put a call through to Washington. What are you going to do for your holiday? 4.. Will he take a postgraduate course? 9. II. Yes (no). RESPOND TO THE REMARKS. It's very (un)likely. 110). EXPRESS PROBABILITY (IMPROBABILI­ TY). 4. Do you think the winter will be cold? 3. I heard it on the radio. 12. Mr Watson is president of the company now. 1. (Никто и внимания не обратит. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. 'I'D LIKE TO . 16. BEGIN WITH 1. 6. 10. 44). What are you going to give him for his birthday? 3. to have a tooth filled. Верится с трудом. Какое разочарование! 8. How are you going to mark the occasion? 2. I don't think (expect) so. Helen won the singers' contest. to have a tooth pulled out. You missed your stop. 12. Do you intend to go away in the summer? 5.' OR 'I WANT TO . Do you think the project will be adopted? 7. 3. USE THE FOLLOWING: Probably (not). 58). Yogi can swallow poison without getting poisoned. You won't forget to put in a word for me. но я не могу вам поверить. I promise you. 'She indicated right and then actually turned right. 86). I can't promise. Do you plan to take a working holiday? 6. Yes. They're booked up for months ahead. Don't fail me. What make car have . 11. Как досадно! (Какая неприятность!) 7. The game ended in a goalless draw. Forecast (p. Will she enter for the competition? 10. to have the puncture mended.128 Supplement Supplement 129 1. 4. 13. POSSIBILITY (IMPOSSIBILITY). 88).. 2. Всем на это наплевать. Perhaps. 15. The road is up. Probability and Improbability (p. The plane crashed but no one was injured.' 'If you're going to look so peevish every morning. 80) I. 3. I I . I assure you. 8. the package insured for ten pounds. It took me about two hours to get there.

5. MAKE SUGGESTIONS THAT MAY BE RESPONDED BY FOLLOWING REMARKS EXPRESSING ACCEPTANCE OR REFUSAL. USE THE VERB 'SHOULD'. 7. He возражаю. 1. You ignored my words completely. Accusal and Defence (P. 6.. That's a good idea! 3. 92). Я бы с удовольствием (принял ваше предложение). 12) I. 131 you decided to buy? 5. I'm afraid I can't.130 Supplement Supplement II. You might have asked for permission first. You misled me. But you wrote you wouldn't be able to attend. Мне бы хотелось поговорить с вами. 5. tore up the letter. 9.) 4. mentioned it. doesn't mind his own business. 98). But I don't (didn 't). But I feel fine. Why not? I don't mind. 4. 94) I. Да. etc. didn't book accommodation beforehand. ADMIT OR DENY YOUR FAULT. What make TV set do you intend to buy? 6. doesn't take good care of himself. 12.. На вашем месте я бы не вмешивался в это дело. Советую вам заказать билеты заранее. etc. I'd love to. Refusal (p. 6. 10. No. 14). I'd like (love) to.) of me to do (to say. Thank you. discouraged her. but. You might have come in time. I wish I could. 8. 64). didn't keep the copy of the document. 7. этого я обещать не могу. just for once. You shouldn't have broken the appointment. I don't feel like it. Why should I? A settle it with Mr Hunt straighten it out with Mr Hill Why don't you check with Mr Stock If I were you. but I've got a lot of things to do. конечно. When are you going to have your apartment redecorated? THE IV. Why should I? I don't miss them at all. I'd (I wouldn't) keep out of it You'd better (not) have more exercise I advise you to get more sleep take a holiday book accommodation well in advance make an appointment by phone cancel the appointment apply for the extension of your visa SECTION XI Reproach (p. I'd rather not. Invitation (p. Я хочу заказать разговор с Вашинг­ тоном. vouched for a person he doesn't know. 6. Даю вам слово. SECTION X Advice (p. Did (do) I? I beg your pardon. Why should I? It was his fault. Почему бы не сделать это сразу? 10. USE THE FOLLOWING. I wish I could. Reluctance (p. 11. 8. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS WHICH EXPRESS REPROACH OR ACCUSAL. Where are you going to stay when in London? 7. 104). Почему бы вам не посоветоваться с врачом? 6. But I never did (said. It was wrong (careless. I've got an appointment. thank you. 5.) anything of the sort. Regret (p. You said you had no incentive. но не могу (не смогу). 8. Возможно. Что-то нет настроения (делать это). 4. You left the window open. is rude to his elders. 7. That's a good idea! / think you are right. но я сегодня вечером занят. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. Really? I do apologise. . 8.. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. (Может быть. 7. 1. What subject will you specialize in? 9. REPROACH SOMEONE WHO DOES (DID) OR DOESN'T DO (DIDN'T DO) THE FOLLOWING. 1. 5. 90).) so. loses his temper over trifles. нет. Простите. 2. По всей вероятности. 9. I'd like (love) to very much. How long are you going to stay there? 8. I'm afraid I won't. You left the gas fire on. 3. С какой стати? (Чего ради?) 4. 3. LET SOMEONE GIVE YOU ADVICE OR MAKE A SUGGESTION. You mixed up the dates. 10. Why should I? I trust you. When do you intend to retire? 10. Не думаю.. doesn't eat cereals for breakfast II. I don't mind. 3. в Let's Why not I suggest we (you) should Would you like to Do you want to pull our resources make a bet toss a coin go halves go to the pictures dine out talk it over at dinner share a cottage with the Ogdens invite Alice join us for the weekend put off the trip 1. interferes in other people's affairs. But I do (did). Это маловероятно. Вы бы лучше сначала позвонили ему. 9. USE THE FOLLOWING: Sorry. Хотелось бы. You didn't turn off the radio. but. You exceeded the speed limit. III. never reads the small print. RESPOND BY EXPRESSING ACCEPTANCE OR REFUSAL. 2. Suggestion (p. etc. 2.) 2. (Не имею ничего против этого предложения.

) 2. 12. CERTAINTY. I'm sorry.g. 11.. I'm sure of it. (Reluctance) 20. . If I were younger. (Indifference) 17. 32. 14. 26. May I call you up at the office? (Permission) 10. . Вам помочь? 4. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS. Do you mind my smoking? (Permission) 12.. If they had asked me. (Approval) 14. ETC. When does the next train leave? (Ignorance) 9.. . I'd rather not. II. TO SECTION XII Hypothesis/Supposition (p. Нужно указать обратный адрес? 18. 10. Это далеко отсюда? 15. Do what you think best. 2. You let me down. 6. Когда. I don't think so. Вы могли бы поставить меня в известность. I. They made a mess of it. Must I put it in writing? 19. Давайте пригласим Мэри. May I call him up at home? (Prohibition) 11. It's very likely. 21. Вы не возражаете? 20. (Gratitude) 3.. What a nuisance! 28. Мы ему об этом не сказали. — Не может быть. SAY WHAT THE FOLLOWING REMARKS MEAN. Jack! Nice to see you.132 Supplement Review I. If I had your looks. I'd rather stay away. пожалуйста. He asked after you. он приедет? 19. Почему вы не предупредили его? 8. 9. 25. 8.. Простите. E. He never interferes. If I were you. If I were older.. (Defence) III. 5. 3. 5. Я закурю. I don't think it's sensible. . TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES. Как добраться до вокзала? 14. 1. что никогда не видели этого человека. (Pleasure) 2. 9. I doubt it. If I had been free to act. . 30. She's so fussy! (Annoyance) 15. I did my best but it did not work out. I appreciate your problems. So what? 33. 5Q) I. 4. 11. SEE THE CONTENTS. (Request for a repetition) When did you say the chief would come? 'You should have more exercise!' 'Don't tell me you grazed another knee! You might have been more careful!' 1.. Hullo! 2. 6. Я узнал об этом только вчера... Как бы вы поступили на моем месте? . What's the matter? 16. She can't stay. 2. It happened in 1975... 37. Чем меньше вы будете говорить. 1. Это было неосмотрительно с вашей стороны. I don't care! 29. Take it easy. . If I had known what would come of it. The chief will come at six. Какое сегодня число? 16. Do you mind my smoking? 21. — Да что вы! Я никогда ничего подобного не говорил. 23. But I didn't! 39. (Agreement) 4. Will she come? (Uncertainty) 6. 7. 35. (Disappointment) 16. How can I get there? 17. APPROVAL. Why not ask Jane? 34. .. . If they had let me know. . 24. 4. I wouldn't do К if I were you.. Какой сегодня день (недели)? 17. (General indifference) 18. . вы сказали. Я опоздал. Good idea! 25. 6. If I had been in your place. 38. З. You misled me.. тем лучше. 10. FINISH THE SENTENCES EXPRESSING SUPPOSITION.. Сахар вреден всем. Поедем на метро? 23. . — Что вы говорите! Простите меня. В чем дело? 12. Cheer up! 13. It could have been worse.. 27. 4. If I were rich. 31. Вы дали мне непра­ вильней адрес. . Вы сказали. 5. It was such a shock! (Sympathy) 7. Вам следовало бы быть более терпеливым. Why should I? 40. .) MAY III. May I be excused? 20. You shouldn't have done it. 7. Thank you. I do apologise. Знакомьтесь — моя сестра. Пойдем пешком? 22. Will you do it? (Promise) 19. Я доеду туда на пятом автобусе? 13. 36. 6. 7. . 3. Will you keep an eye on my luggage? 22. Hullo. . 8. 7. . Вы превысили скорость. No idea! 18. Ты не запер входную дверь. (Зря вы упомянули об этом. .. 10. (Request for a repetition) 13. Он все отрицает. (Apology) 5. I'd like to speak to Mr Wax. Вы оказали мне большую услугу. You misinformed me. 24. I don't mind. (THEY EXPRESS AGREEMENT.— Неужели? 5. You'd better keep out of it. TRANSLATE THE REMARKS AND ASK YOUR CLASS-MATES RESPOND TO THEM USING THE CUSTOMARY PHRASES. . Вам не следовало бы упоминать об этом. . Мне не везет. That won't do. How can I get to the post office? (Direction) 8. You'd better settle it with the authorities. Children must be seen but not heard. 1.. 3.. Is anything the matter? 15. 9.. EXPRESS WHAT YOU ARE ASKED TO. You needn't apologise. Do as you are told..

You knew the TV set was out of order. 2. isn't it? 10. 8. Can I rely on you? You won't go back on your word? 10. I don't mind (your) .. There've been some changes in the cast. Ann! Meet my brother. выразите свое предпочтение.. 5. SECTIONS I-III 1. I've got toothache. как пишется эта фамилия. Вы не расслышали.. что ему не следовало вмешиваться/говорить об этом/поднимать этот вопрос. What do you think I should do under the circumstances? 3. A person with a smile is always welcome. Can't we do without all these formalities? They're such a nuisance! 10. 23. 7. How do you pronounce it? 13.. что вы услышали. 9. 15. Изви­ нитесь за опоздание. He speaks English like a native. I've changed my mind... Спросите. Узнайте. можно ли по телефону послать телеграмму/заказать билеты/за­ писаться на прием к врачу. 29. what would you do in a different way? 10. 7. 17... . . 10. I had no idea the conference had been cancelled. Спросите. Hullo. 14. Узнайте. Must I . She has lived in France for ten years now. May I speak to you a moment? 6. When / where / what / who did you say . 12. I'm afraid they'll expel me. When I came. 9. Спросите. 13. 26. 12. 4. 37. когда отходит поезд/закрывается магазин/начинается спектакль. ASK YOUR CLASS-MATES RESPOND TO THEM USING THE CUSTOMARY PHRASES. что вы не верите услышанному. 28. Выразите свою уверенность/неуверенность. Do you mind (my) . обязательно ли обращаться за официальным разрешением. Alice! How are you? 6. как по-английски . Дайте понять собеседнику. 9. The school curriculum is overcrowded. Спросите.. ."который час. Выразите свое согласие/несогласие. You put salt in the sugar bowl. 6. RESPOND TO THE REMARKS. 4.. Why don't you . . I don't see anything wrong about young people going to the theatre in sports clothes. Do I have to go there in person? 11. Would you like to join us for lunch? 6. 39. 20. 2. Will you enter for the contest? 12. что вам совершенно безразлично то.. 14. 15. 1. 9. Выразите удивление по поводу услышанного. Спросите. V.. 3. This routine gets me down. далеко ли отсюда до вокзала /аэропорта/ автовокзала/станции метро. 7... We seem to be going in the wrong direction. Спросите. . Why didn't you call in a repairman? 4. But you said rugby was played only by amateur teams. . Which is more convenient for you . You left the light on. You'd better . the. Предложите собеседнику зайти попозже /навести справки по телефону/ посоветоваться с врачом. I think that talking weather is boring. 35. 34. Will you give me a lift to the Airport? 14.. 6. 19. Выразите неудовольствие и неодобрение. Will you .it wasn't my fault. Скажите. The National Gallery is open on Sundays. How do you spell it? 12. С благодарностью отклоните предлагаемую помощь. объяснив причину. . . 31. Поблагодарите за оказанную вам услугу.134 Review Review 135 IV.. I'd like ... Выразите свое нежелание сделать что-либо. Why not ... Her son graduated with honours. 11. 16. 5. не возражают ли присутствующие против того. 5. The permit isn't valid. можно ли здесь курить. из чего это сделано. . TO 9.. It was a convincing victory for our team. . 7. 30. Вы обсуждаете какое-то событие. Узнайте. I was reprimanded. не хочет ли он пойти в театр/поехать за город/осмотреть досто­ примечательности. Попросите соседей приглушить радио. 6. Переспросите собеседника. 27. Wine stains can be rernoved from a tablecloth if the cloth is dipped in boiling milk. Frankly.. Спросите. Осведомитесь о причине вол­ нения своего собеседника. You might have let me know. Упрекните собеседника. 41. Узнайте. можно ли позвонить ему домой. .. Выразите свое нежелание сделать что-либо. Спросите. I've got a headache. правильно ли вы идете по направлению к почте/вокзалу/кинотеатру/музею. May I . 22.. He was both in the First and the Second world wars. Отреагируйте на извинение. какое сегодня число и день (недели). Узнайте. сколько это стоит. 1. 4. 9. 11. что думает о нем ваш собеседник. 8. I don't think . Flowers react to music: they grow faster when music is played. Mr Bronx is eighty-two. как называются такие приборы. приняв его/не приняв его.. He had an accident and was badly injured. he is sure to trip in the end. Do you like the way he (she / they) . COMPLETE THE REMARKS. 14.. I heard it on Radio Moscow. 7. I'm sick and tired of the whole thing. 2. 15. She will never forgive me. Пожалуйтесь на свое невезение.. Делая выбор. о чем говорится в письме. Спросите собеседника. If a person is allowed to tell enough lies. Do I have to work overtime? SECTIONS VII-IX 1. . 18. 10. 7 .. SECTIONS X-XII 1. We came late and missed part of the game. 38. . Everybody can be a teacher provided he knows the subject. but it wasn't fair . 33. Just my luck! 15. 43. Скажите. 4. 44. Выразите свое желание поговорить с мистером Грином лично/ встретиться с мистером Смитом/обсудить этот вопрос с мистером Фрэнклином.. TRANSLATE THE REMARKS. Our team got through to the semi-final. Узнайте. 13. 25. 8. 3. 45. 12.. SECTIONS IV-VI 1. 5. 3. 3. 4. coat had already been sold. . 21. Спросите. 15. Узнайте. 13.. Выразите удовольствие и одобрение. A woman's work is never done. 5. Дайте понять. 14. What famous people of the past would you like to meet if they were living now? VI. What do you suggest we should do on Saturday? 2. Ободрите собеседника. 40. объяснив причину.. 2. 11. Excuse my .Thursday or Tuesday? 13. Do you think he'll agree to it? 8. чтобы вы включили телевизор. который волнуется по поводу предстоящих событий. Узнайте у прохожего. . 3. Hullo. . 42. 2. 8. You shouldn't . If it were possible to undo things. Спросите. 5. как бы вы поступили на месте собеседника в определённых обстоятельствах. Предложите свою помощь. 36. 11. Скажите. You sound like a school mistress. Bus and underground fares in Moscow depend on the distance travelled. 24. сколько времени продлится совещание. Thank you for .. Выразите сочувствие. 8. 32. где и когда мы встретимся с ними. . что вы раздражены.

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