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@ 100 yds.
.50 Cal. Muzzleloader .54 Cal. Muzzleloader
.500” Dia. 370 grain Maxi-Ball .540” Dia. 430 grain Maxi-Ball .429” Dia. 240 grain Jacketed SP .224” Dia. 55 grain Jacketed SP .308” Dia. 110 grain Jacketed RN 12 Gauge 380 grain Rifled Slug
90 grains FFg Black Powder 110 grains FFg Black Powder Commercial Remington Commercial Remington Commercial Winchester Commercial Remington
Percussion T/C Hawken Percussion T/C Hawken
(feet per second)
1764 ft lbs
865 ft lbs
1948 ft lbs
1165 ft lbs
Ruger 44 Carbine Ruger Mini-14 Military .30 M1 Carbine Remington 870 Shotgun
1650 ft lbs
1015 ft lbs
.223 Remington .30 Carbine
1282 ft lbs
921 ft lbs
967 ft lbs
622 ft lbs
12 Gauge 2 ¾” Chamber
1700 ft lbs
1000 ft lbs
Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 15
When using a flintlock. Range estimation. In muzzleloading. REMAINING ENERGY Many states now agree that the effective remaining energy required to assure a one-shot kill is 500 foot pounds at 100 yards. A well-trained muzzleloader can reload in 12 seconds. Care must be taken to make sure your equipment is kept dry and clean. weather is not much of a consideration when it is time to take your shot. ONE-SHOT PHILOSOPHY All of the velocity and energy in the world will not assure a one-shot kill unless the bullet placement is correct. the remaining energy also drops accordingly. the philosophy of “One Well-Placed Shot” is more important than in any other method of hunting. NEED FOR IMPROVED HUNTING SKILLS Understanding your equipment and practicing your hunting skills are the keys to successful muzzleloading hunting. interpretation of game sign and live firing practice before the season will give you the skills you need to assure a successful hunt.Conditions That Affect the Muzzleloading Hunter RANGE Lower initial velocity and greater bullet weight results in faster bullet drop and more bullet deflection on uphill or downhill shots. terrain evaluation. Page 2 Revised 04-09 Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 17 . that gives a wounded animal more than enough time to disappear. The beginning muzzleloader should limit shots to 75 yards. Limiting shots to 75 yards will assure adequate remaining energy. Since the velocity of muzzleloading bullet drops off rapidly. be sure to prevent the wind from blowing the priming charge out of the pan. WEATHER In centerfire hunting. But. That certainly is not the case with muzzleloading.
When the set of conditions is compared with a similar set of muzzleloading conditions the results are very different. Both shots were made at 80 yards.Muzzleloading Hunting THE HERITAGE AND THE CHALLENGE The muzzleloader has been used as an effective gameharvesting firearm in America for more than 350 years. If you have any doubts as to the effectiveness of the muzzleloader in taking game. bullet weight and aerodynamically stable bullet design (ballistic coefficient). Two years ago my hunting partner and I. This feat broke a record that had stood for 56 years. I have also used the . BY the time the Maxi Ball has traveled 100 yards. however. From the landing of our pilgrim forefathers through the westward expansion in the late 1800’s. You can see from the above comparison that a whole new set of values are required when you start working with the muzzleloader. The 4x5 was taken with a 50 caliber T/C Maxi Hunter and a . the remaining energy is down to 765 foot pounds which is barely adequate for a sure kill on a mule deer sized animal. This results in lower velocity and lower muzzle energy.54 caliber Maxi-Ball. including lion and elephant. These conditions dictate a limited effective range and result in a rapid velocity loss. Find favorable locations that will allow several seconds for a clear shot at the game and measure the distances from your selected positions to the game trails you plan to cover. With a muzzleloader. For example a . hunting the early muzzleloading elk season out west. which produces sharp bullet drop within 100 yards. an error in judgment of 30-40 yards could cause the bullet to miss the vital area and result in a wounding loss. a New Hampshire lawyer took the new Safari Club of America world record Livingston’s Eland. When you’re hunting with a modern rifle and you see an acceptable big game animal within 250 yards you don’t need to make a decision on whether or not to shoot. Become familiar with the game trails and shooting positions that cover those areas. For example.32 caliber T/C Cherokee for squirrels and prairie dogs. you must begin to think in terms of 50 to 80 yards. however. a bullet mass out of proportion to the powder charge and an aerodynamically poor shape to produce continued downrange stability. grouse and rabbits. took a 4x5 bull weighing 500 pounds and a 5x6 at 700 pounds. Accurate range evaluation becomes critical for proper bullet placement when you consider the trajectory of the muzzleloading bullet.50 caliber muzzleloading rifle using a recommended load of 90 grains of FFg black powder will fire a 370 grain Maxi-Ball at a muzzle velocity of 1465 feet per second with a muzzle energy of 1764 foot pounds. In Africa. Muzzleloading hunting. Let’s start with the effective range of the muzzleloading rifle. but the greater bullet mass of 430 grains delivers 1165 foot pounds of energy at 100 yards. Forget about your flat shooting center fire when you sight in the muzzleloader. When you begin planning your muzzleloading hunt. as well as a number of those found in other areas of the world. requires a different set of standards that those applied to hunting with a modern firearm and I would like to acquaint you with these differences. In 1986. from squirrel to elk and dove to wild turkey. With the muzzleloader we combine low initial velocity. the muzzleloader will handle any North American game animal. using 110 grains of FFg. Chamber pressures developed in the muzzleloading rifle are much lower than those associated with modern rifles using smokeless powder cartridges. Properly loaded and efficiently applied. you can put them to rest. weighing over 2600 pounds. black powder rifles have been used for years to take even the largest and most difficult game. a . Plan to sight in at 50 yards and limit your shot to no more than 80 yards. The . let’s consider the next difference between muzzleloading and center fire hunting. muzzleloading rifles and shotguns have taken every American game species. the 7x30 Waters fired from a Super 14 T/C Contender Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 25 BY JIM SMITH leaves the barrel at 2300 feet per second with a muzzle energy of 1775 foot pounds and a remaining energy of 1330 foot pounds at 100 yards. With this in mind. If you have practiced enough to be sure of your hunting marksmanship and your choice of caliber and bullet are effective enough at the range you should be confident of harvesting your animal. and the New Englander 12 ga shotgun for dove. leaves the muzzle at almost the same velocity.54 caliber Thompson/Center Renegade. with a single shot from a . Given an effective vital kill area of 16 square inches on the average whitetail deer. By comparison. It is a good idea to fire a second group at 80 yards so that you will become familiar with the difference in bullet drop when you increase the range by 30 yards. Lower initial velocities and heavier bullets have a dramatic effect on the drop of the bullet during the first 100 yards of flight.270 Winchester sighted in at 100 yards will still shoot within 2 inches of the same point of impact at 200 yards because of a favorable combination of initial velocity. you should scout the area you will be hunting. Be as exact in Revised 04-09 Page 3 .54 caliber T/C Maxi-Ball was used on the larger bull. In view of these factors you can see the necessity for careful range evaluation.
the animal may travel a long distance before dropping. When hunting with a muzzleloader. First. For target shooting and small game. you will have a choice of either a patched round ball or a conical bullet design. The conical is approximately twice the weight of a round ball and delivers almost twice the energy of the round ball at muzzleloading hunting distances. javalina and turkey can also be taken with a round ball at distances under 75 yards. provided the bullet is placed in a vital area. Selection of the proper projectile is as important in muzzleloading as it is in choosing a bullet for the center fire rifle. The table below illustrated remaining energy of the round ball at distances of 26 through 100 yards. If you plan to hunt in an area where you will be making an uphill or downhill shot.440 (45 CAL) . which translates to effective gamestopping performance. This selection should be based on two factors. Whitetail deer.490 (50 CAL) . offers a more efficient and positive method for harvesting game. the type of animal being hunted and the range at which you will be shooting. Performance of the projectile after initial contact plays a very important part in assuring a game-stopping hit. if you miss or wound the animal. snow. Wet weather certainly must be considered with a center fire rifle. antelope. Another related factor to consider when choosing the area in which you will be hunting is terrain changes between you and the target. you will most likely have just one shot and. the best choice is a patched round ball. you must make sure that the container in which you are Muzzleloading Fact Sheets 26 . any difference in elevation between you and the target will cause the bullet to strike high on the animal. although the shot is well placed. Remember. While this difference between sight picture and actual point of impact is slight in a center fire. Remaining energy. elk.MUZZLELOADER BALLISTIC INFORMATION ROUND BALL WGT (GRS) . the better your chances for success when hunting time arrives. When this happens. such as the Thompson/Center MaxiBall or Maxi-Hunter. This means a larger wound channel and even distribution of the remaining energy along the wound channel. Longer shots at Whitetail Deer and all shots at larger game such as mule deer. humid conditions. is not the only factor to consider when selecting a hunting bullet. Five hundred foot pounds of remaining energy is needed to assure a one-shot kill on Whitetail deer-sized animals and 750 foot pounds for animals larger than Whitetail deer. he will be out of range or out of sight before you can reload. moose and bear should be made with a Page 4 Revised 04-09 conical bullet. The energy comparison chart on the following page will give you the differences in performance between conical and round balls: Weather is another factor that is not as important to center fire hunt planning as it is when working with muzzleloading. A conical projectile. You should make sure your barrel is not allowed to fill with water and you should always check to be sure the chamber area is dry when loading. but muzzleloading also requires several more precautions when you hunt in rain. such as rabbits and squirrels. but the effective remaining energy of the round ball drops off sharply at ranges greater than 75 yards. use your daypack or fanny pack with whatever natural features are available. AS you know. Use natural rests wherever possible to steady your shot. Care must be taken to choose the proper projectile to assure an effective oneshot kill. The more practical experience you get. try to practice in similar conditions. If no natural rest is available. Also check your shooting positions in regard to availability of natural shooting rests. The shape of the conical bullet allows for controlled expansion in the body cavity of the animal. however. it is magnified in a muzzleloader because of the factors we examined in the previous discussion. The round ball tends to flatten out when it enters the body cavity and may cut through the animal like an arrow blade. the shock power necessary to put the animal down may be lost and.530 (54 CAL) 127 175 230 POWDER CHARGE 80 gr FFg 90 gr FFg 110 gr FFg MUZZLE VEL 1930 fps 1900 fps 1910 fps MUZZLE ENERGY 1026 Ft/LB 1459 Ft/LB 1843 Ft/LB REMAINING ENERGY 25 YD 50 YD 75 YD 743 Ft/LB 1097 Ft/LB 1413 Ft/LB 536 Ft/LB 821 Ft/LB 1078 Ft/LB 383 Ft/LB 611 Ft/LB 823 Ft/LB 100 YDS 295 Ft/LB 467 Ft/LB 525 Ft/LB your measurements as possible and then set up similar shooting situations on the range where you normally practice.
A fast and proper reload may make the difference between finishing a wounded animal and spending hours trying to locate him. If you are hunting in an area where the days are warm and dry and the nights are cool and humid. Black powder is hygroscopic. It’s well worth the extra effort and maybe your name will go in to the lists of the Longhunter Society. remove the leather seal and replace the cap on the nipple. when you can say you took your record book trophy with a muzzleloader. Decide how you will carry your accessories to allow quick retrieval for reloading operations and then practice with them at the range. There is enough time and money invested in the hunt that you should not take a chance on a misfire when the game is in your sights. practice reloading until you are confident that you can be ready for a second shot within 20-30 seconds. but practice and repetition will give you the confidence to be successful. It’s part of the challenge of muzzleloading hunting. This can cause improper ignition which may result in erratic velocity or a misfire. Try a variety of loads until you find the one that is most accurate with the projectile you will be using. Practice to become proficient with your rifle. it will absorb moisture if the container is left open or the lid is not tightly sealed. Once you have become comfortable with the location of your equipment. There is no substitute for marksmanship practice at the distances you will be hunting and in the same terrain conditions as you will encounter in your hunting area.. You should also protect the nipple from moisture during wet weather conditions. However. your equipment and your reloading techniques. always check to make sure your projectile is firmly seated against the powder charge when you arrive at your hunting location. When you are moving from place to place or sitting on a stand waiting for game. that is to say. the remaining point that can make the difference between a successful hunt and a walk in the woods is proficiency. Although the philosophy of muzzleloading hunting is geared to the concept of one well-placed shot. you can stand a little taller among your hunting partners and you can feel a little of the hunting heritage that our forefathers developed when they stood in the same spot with their muzzleloader. However if you have been walking a great distance with the muzzle pointed down. This prevents moisture from seeping past the projectile to contaminate the powder charge and reduces the chance for buildup ahead of the projectile that might create a barrel obstruction. Carefully release the hammer and let it down until it rests firmly on the leather. remove the percussion cap and place a small piece of leather over the nipple. Once all of the above factors have been taken into consideration. Revised 04-09 Page 5 . it is important to prepare for any contingencies that may arise. You should also make sure that the muzzle is pointed down so that water cannot collect in the barrel.ROUND BALL VS. MUZZLE ENERGY REMAINING ENERGY 25 YD 743 1052 1097 1462 1413 1700 50 YD 536 821 821 1199 1078 1525 75 YD 383 664 611 1006 823 1340 100 YD 45 50 54 ROUND BALL MAXI BALL ROUND BALL MAXI BALL ROUND BALL MAXI BALL 127 255 175 370 230 430 80 gr FFg 80 gr FFg 90 gr FFg 90 gr FFg 110 gr FFg 110 gr FFg 1930 fps 1605 1900 1465 1910 1428 1026 FT/LBS 1459 FT/LBS 1459 1764 1843 1948 295 FT/LB 553 FT/LB 467 865 628 1165 storing your powder is kept tightly closed. Become proficient with the equipment you will be using on the hunt. The old adage of “a place for everything and everything in its place” is a good one for muzzleloading hunters. you may find that the change in conditions can also cause a moisture buildup in your rifle. I always discharge my rifle and clean it at the end of the day and go through the complete loading procedure the next morning before leaving camp. This will form a moisture-proof seal and prevent water from blocking the flash hole. If I haven’t fired during the day. our national record book of muzzleloading hunting trophies. CONICAL BULLETS CAL PROJECTILE TYPE WGT (GR) POWDER CHARGE MUZZLE VEL. When you are ready to fire. Learn where the rifle shoots at different distances and Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 27 elevations. Always sight in for the hunt using the projectile you will be firing on the hunt. It isn’t always easy to remember all of the above factors.
Matches like these are as exciting and fun filled for spectators as they are for the shooters. and follow through – continuing the swing after the shot has been fired. but when I pulled the trigger and felt that soft thump on my shoulder and saw all that fire and smoke billow out in front of me. I knew I was hooked for life. They follow the same loading Page 6 Revised 04-09 procedure. was on a lone desert hill with a buddy. the shooting fundamentals are the same. Everybody’s a winner.” One of the most popular shoots held at most rendezvous (a gathering of mountain men or buck skinners) is called a blanket shoot. The demand for instructors is there. the responsibility of the NRA instructor is there. who gets the last prize left on the blanket. In the years following. “Anyone who believes that muzzleloading is difficult to do or teach should take the time to become more familiar with it. Most rendezvous have a mountain man run (Cherokee run) that tests survival skills in many ways. They are always coming up with new ways of having fun with their muzzleloaders.Muzzleloading: The Art of Having Fun By A. The National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association (NMLRA). each shooter drops a prize (usually something handmade by the shooter) on an Indian blanket and shoots his assigned target. Some matches are shot from a saddle. This one’s a real test of your own personal loading technique and tools. The five fundamentals of shooting position. He jumps into a stream or pond to set several traps and runs across logs over streams. one of the largest black powderoriented groups in the country. AS he stumbles back to the finish line. As shooters miss or fail to split the ball. Why Teach Muzzleloading? Contrary to popular belief. the fundamentals are the same as conventional shotgun: Stance . These groups can attract quite a bit of attention in their unique costumes when involved in a battle re-enactment. all of which use black powder firearms. So there’s no reason not to become involved in muzzleloading. muzzleloading has a wide appeal for both young and old.” Pinaud added. You can enter blanket shoots all day and still go home with a prize. messy or dangerous as many instructors think. and even world championships make up the more serious side of the sport. LEE ROBERTSON My first exposure to black powder shooting. regional and national target competitions. The last two shooters have a final shootout for the winner. That is not to say they don’t have a serious side. benchrest matches. and the two halves of the lead ball break a balloon or clay pigeon placed on each side of the ax blade. I guess it took about 10 minutes to load up that first shot. he has to build a flint and steel fire to stop the clock.” said Lenny Pinaud. and Civil War groups. If NRA’s lesson plans and instructions are followed. it’s fun! “Anyone who would make negative statements about the sport is obviously unfamiliar with black powder shooting. trigger control and follow through are equally important to black powder rifle and pistol as to modern firearms. Another popular match is an elimination shoot. is burned white “makin’ fun. State. the muzzleloading courses for rifle. The skinner then takes off along a marked trail. loading on the run. and besides. American fur trade. It usually starts with a shot from a rifle to start the stopwatch. and so on right down to the lowest scorer. trigger pull – clean and qui9ck. the sport of muzzleloading is not as complicated. Most black powder though. Others are speed matches to see how many buffalo silhouettes can be knocked over in a given time limit. In the past 20 years. they are eliminated. the second place winner gets second choice. Growing numbers of people are becoming interested in Revolutionary War. the one thing I’ve really learned about black powder shooters is that they are innovative geniuses. This race gets competitive and is a real crowd pleaser. some 25 years ago. the winner gets first choice of all the prizes on the blanker. Pinaud believes that once instructors know more about the sport. As one of the fastest growing shooting sports. the popularity of muzzleloading has increased considerably. and NRA Training Counselor and coauthor of NRA’s Muzzleloading Rifle Handbook. sight alignment. pistol and shotgun are designed for the new shooter. with fans wildly cheering their favorite skinner or local hero. Loading from a hunting pouch. it is safe and easy to teach. There is also a special camaraderie Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 28 .the position of the shooter’s body and gun in relation to the expected location of the target: gun ready position . because they do.” Like the other Basic Firearms Education Program courses. strapped over a 55gallon barrel hung from bungee cords to simulate shooting buffalo from horseback. they will be interested in adding it to their programs. Nor is it any more difficult to teach than conventional firearms. To enter the match. skirmish or rendezvous. has increased its membership by more than 300 percent in that same time period.” Shooters have to split the lead ball on an ax blade. When the match is over. In muzzleloading shotgun shooting. swing to the target – moving the body and gun as a single unit to the target. “The sport has a lot to say for it. It usually starts with a shot from a rifle to start the stopwatch. called an “ax split shoot. shoots other targets along the trail with a rifle or pistol and throws a tomahawk and knife at other targets. shot preparation.mounting the gun.
and NRA offers a qualification program for muzzleloading rifle. pistol and shotgun. We’ve all shared hunting stories or listened to old mountain man stories around a campfire.Other shooting matches involve steel gongs at various long distances or moving targets suspended on strings. Riverdale. In addition. It’s a perfect time to stage a hangin’ ham or a blanket shoot. If he misses. black-powder shooting is as safe as any other shooting sport. That’s all he gets. you may contact the following organizations: •Brigade of American Revolution. (Just make sure you tell your students in advance to bring something for the blanket. “As instructors we should help further people’s interest in the sport by teaching them proper and safe methods.” Many people shy away from black-powder shooting because they think it’s dangerous. a muzzleloader can be as quick and easy to clean as a modern firearm. Muzzleloading has the potential to become one of the most popular shooting sports.S. MD 20737 •U. That’s the magic of the muzzleloader sport –having fun. “It is obvious that the demand is there. Muzzleloading Organizations For more information about muzzleloading and muzzleloading activities. Thirty-two states offered a separate or extended season for black-powder hunters last year. The excitement of fun shoots like blanket shoots and turkey shoots can lure young people into remaining black-powder fans for life. CA 95628. the individual tomahawk matches or knifethrowing matches. He loads one shot. The basic fundamentals are the same and the possibilities for fun with muzzleloaders are endless.. where competitors try to cut a playing card tacked to a crump. 7511 Winding Way. 4815 Oglethorpe St. Some enthusiasts claim that nothing can match the excitement and challenge of a black-powder hunt.” said Steve Moore. are perhaps the most popular event with all ages. NY 12052 •Civil War Skirmish Association. Most muzzleloader shooters use replicas today. teaching muzzleloading is no more difficult than teaching a course using modern firearms..” where you’ll see the shooters settle down and do some real serious shooting. however. muzzleloading firearms must be cleaned after use. Another source of equipment and experienced volunteer help is your local black powder club. Inc. The one thing we all agree on: Black-powder shooters have resurrected the art of having fun. IN 47021 •North-South Skirmish Association. Perhaps the newest fun shoot to hit the Western rendezvous is the “raw egg shoot. Fair Oaks. such as hangin’ ham shoots or bacon shoots. A few things to remember: Keep powder away from smoke and flame. International Muzzle Loading Committee. Black powder is Muzzleloading Fact Sheets 29 extremely volatile and must be handles with care. 32 Douglas Road. and the resulting pressure is a surefire way to destroy the gun and endanger the shooter and those near. The final lesson of the course calls for games and activities. Delmar. (Pyrodex is the only safe substitute for black powder. Young people are very much among those attracted to the smoke and flame billowing from these antique-looking guns. many black powder equipment manufacturers and retailers are willing to donate equipment and supplies to a class. set aside the stresses of the modern world and do as the early settlers and pioneers did – make our own fun. To the shooters.) Smokeless powder burns much hotter than black powder. the fun really starts. There are sanctioned muzzleloading competitions across the country. He has to eat the raw egg! Some how.” Each shooter hangs a raw egg taped on a string. Generally. Friendship. PO Box 67. The Skirmish Line. The lack of an antique firearm is not an obstacle to shooting black powder. •National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association. This is one of the “skinner shoots. We’ve all eaten our share of raw eggs and smelled the aroma of black powder. If he hits the egg. bacon or turkey in order to win the prize. it’s a real challenge. With practice and preparation. where you must shoot the string clean off and drop the ham. who also co-wrote Muzzleloading Rifle Handbook. c/o h ld d k That is an integral part of these replays of history. please contact the Basic Programs Department. he’s home free. That’s to let your hair down. one shot. When safety precautions are followed. Under no conditions can smokeless powder be substituted for black powder. You can add fun to your own muzzleloading classes by incorporating one or more of these shoots into your program. Some enjoy the historical link of muzzleloaders. cleaning with a solution of water and dishwashing soap is all that is necessary. With all of the mystique surrounding black powder shooting aside. If you would like to know more about the basic muzzleloading program. the spectators seem to have as much or more fun than the shooters. Revised 04-09 Page 7 . The sport of muzzleloading hunting is also growing in popularity.) All these shoots are designed to do one thing. They are also attracted by the interesting costumes and activities that are a part of this sport. Besides those. Because the residue formed by igniting black powder is corrosive. they can feel close to the American pioneer establishing his home on a new frontier.
Two teams. Match Description – A match consists of 10 rounds. The “feet” upon which the silhouettes rest should be made from the same type and thickness of steel as the targets. A. The exam score will count as 25% of the total contest score. The questions will be worth 2 safety to measure the ability of the contestant to handle firearms under range and field conditions. consisting of 3 or 4 members. ¼” thick for the buffalo. The Basics of Muzzleloading (CES Circular 500). Targets – The silhouette targets are made from T-1 steel metal plate and shale be 3/8” thick for the crow and groundhog. No more than two (2) contestants will share a muzzleloading rifle. Written Examination A. may be entered from each county. The dimensions are as follows: Base Size: Crow Groundhog Buffalo Turkey Bear Silhouette Size: Crow Groundhog Buffalo Turkey Bear 2” x 4” x 3/8” 3” x 6” x 3/8” 3” x 5” ¼” (2 required) 3” x 7” x ¼” 4” x 6” x ¼” (2 required) 12” x 8 ½” x 3/8” 6 ½” x 13 ½” x 3/8” 22” x 15” x ¼” 18” x 21” x ¼” 13” x 35” x ¼” Page 8 Revised 04-09 Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 30 . Objectives: To assist 4-H members in learning the rules of muzzleloading safety. The general rules of State 4-H Conference eligibility covered in the State 4-H Contest Handbook apply. Contestants must be enrolled in a 4-H shooting sports project C.MUZZLELOADING SILHOUETTE CONTEST I. and Muzzleloading Silhouette Match (100F – 43) are the reference books. IV. B. II. B. sportsmanship and accuracy. turkey and bear. Fifty questions taken from the 4-H shooting sports project on muzzleloading. 2 crow targets at 25 yards 2 groundhog targets at 50 yards 2 buffalo targets at 100 yards 2 turkey targets at 125 yards 2 bear targets at 150 yards III.
Standard NRA silhouette targets may be used at the prescribed distances. Hits out of sequence are misses. who has a scope or binoculars and advises the competitor where the shots are going. All are placed on stands off the ground. watches silhouettes closely. A minimum of 5 minutes will be allowed between stages to move and reset targets. the same rifle shall be used at all ranges in that particular match. Each competitor has a bank of 2 metal silhouettes to fire against. substitution. as the rules call for. Except. or otherwise advises. Targets are designed to fall with a medium to light load in a hunting rifle. All scoring differences must be resolved immediately on completion of the series before either shooter or scorekeeper leaves the firing line. and when strong winds exist. Bears 30” apart.45 caliber round ball and 60 grain charge. Turning a silhouette on stand does not count. Only hits and misses are recorded and a silhouette must be knocked from its rest to score a hit. From that point they may be moved forward to achieve stability – but. Bullet loading blocks are allowed. Buffalo 20”. It is the scorekeeper’s responsibility to see that the competitor observes the rules and time limits.Minimum distance between silhouettes should be: Crows 12”. the scorekeeper will instruct the shooter to fire remaining ones in order. fires no more than 2 rounds per series. in offhand position – except bear targets which can be fired in any position without artificial support. so that he can tell when a silhouette is blown over and not knocked down by a shot. on the Range Officer’s decision. Scoring of hits on the target are then used in lieu of knocking down the targets. 10 minutes per stage. Firing Procedure – Firing is in 2 round stages. The bears and buffalo shall be placed so that the center of gravity is no more than one inch in front of the topple point. It is suggested that this final resting place be marked by spraying around the feed with target paint or otherwise so that the bears may be placed in the same place each time they are reset. the Range Officer may. keeps time. but said coach may not handle the shooter’s rifle or accessories or assist in any physical way once the command to fire has been given. or other pertinent factors. Equipment Allowed – Any muzzleloading rifle with metallic open or peep sights (shaders allowed) loaded with single patched round ball (no sabot loads). Groundhogs 18”. the official width of the bear’s feet is four inches. one shot at each. Turkeys 24. The bear should be moved carefully backward on its stand with the feed overhanging to the backside until the topple point is achieved. order the targets to be clamped to the stand. when such rifle failure occurs. When a silhouette is blown down before a shot. Ricochet hits count. Loading powder directly from the flask or horn into muzzle of rifle is prohibited. in the correct spaces on a scorecard. in order. If the wind is strong enough to prevent setting targets. All targets can be easily topples with a . As a simple explanation. Each shooter may have one coach with him on the firing line. not more than one inch forward of this topple point. The scorecard is as follows: Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 31 Revised 04-09 Page 9 . left to right. at his discretion. Such completion firing may be done immediately or on later relay. based on length of delay involved: rifle repair. then go back to the left end of fire unfired round or rounds as remaining silhouette or silhouettes. Any shooter who is destroying targets will be disqualified. Scoring – All shots are scored by marking either an “O” for a miss or an “X” for a hit.
E. then a groundhog. Violations of the accepted rules of conduct on the range will. groundhogs. Safety – All firearms. Protests – Protests or concerns of any nature should immediately be brought to the contest superintendent. each shooter shall fire one shot at a designated bear. at the discretion of the contest superintendent. firing. the greater numbers of turkeys will be used and so on to the buffalo. and a buffalo. D. They will be loaded only on the line and at the command of the range officer. each shooter shall fire at a designated turkey. General A. at rest in vehicles. Regular loading. To break ties. disqualify a contestant. V. the shooter with the greatest number of bears will receive the higher position. Safety – The Range Officer has the right to refuse or remove any shooter whose actions are unsafe or has unsafe equipment. No coaching allowed. At least one adult must accompany each team to the contest. F. near the range or at rest will be unloaded. No personal powder. If ties remain. and crows until a clear winner appears. B. then crow. balls or patches may be used. If a clear winner is not established from the scorecards. a shoot off will be held. whether being carried. Powder. round balls and patches will be furnished and must be used. and so on. C. VI. and time procedures shall be used. bear. VIII. Coaches are responsible for the safety of shooters. Awards Ribbons – Team 1-5 and Individual 1-5 Plaques – High Point Individual Medals – High Point Team Page 10 Revised 04-09 Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 32 . If a tie remains. following this sequence until the tie is broken. References Basics of Muzzleloading – Curricular 500 Muzzleloading Silhouette Match – 100F-43 VII.Name County Club Crows Groundhogs Buffalos Turkeys Bears Totals Ties – If a tie occurs.
STATE 4-H CONFERENCE MUZZLELOADING CONTEST JULY . 20 NAME: COUNTY: RELAY X = HIT Crow Groundhog Buffalo Turkey Bear BAY O = MISS Total Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 33 Revised 04-09 Page 11 .
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