CALIBER

PROJECTILE

LOAD

TEST RIFLE

MUZZLE VELOCITY

MUZZLE ENERGY

REMAINING ENERGY

@ 100 yds.

.50 Cal. Muzzleloader .54 Cal. Muzzleloader

.500” Dia. 370 grain Maxi-Ball .540” Dia. 430 grain Maxi-Ball .429” Dia. 240 grain Jacketed SP .224” Dia. 55 grain Jacketed SP .308” Dia. 110 grain Jacketed RN 12 Gauge 380 grain Rifled Slug

90 grains FFg Black Powder 110 grains FFg Black Powder Commercial Remington Commercial Remington Commercial Winchester Commercial Remington

Percussion T/C Hawken Percussion T/C Hawken

1465 fps
(feet per second)

1764 ft lbs
(foot pounds)

865 ft lbs
(foot pounds)

1428 fps

1948 ft lbs

1165 ft lbs

.44 Magnum

Ruger 44 Carbine Ruger Mini-14 Military .30 M1 Carbine Remington 870 Shotgun

1760 fps

1650 ft lbs

1015 ft lbs

.223 Remington .30 Carbine

3240 fps

1282 ft lbs

921 ft lbs

1990 fps

967 ft lbs

622 ft lbs

12 Gauge 2 ¾” Chamber

1450 fps

1700 ft lbs

1000 ft lbs
Revised 5/10/92

Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 15

Revised 04-09

Page 1

Range estimation. Since the velocity of muzzleloading bullet drops off rapidly. REMAINING ENERGY Many states now agree that the effective remaining energy required to assure a one-shot kill is 500 foot pounds at 100 yards. weather is not much of a consideration when it is time to take your shot. terrain evaluation. In muzzleloading. That certainly is not the case with muzzleloading. The beginning muzzleloader should limit shots to 75 yards. ONE-SHOT PHILOSOPHY All of the velocity and energy in the world will not assure a one-shot kill unless the bullet placement is correct. WEATHER In centerfire hunting. be sure to prevent the wind from blowing the priming charge out of the pan. NEED FOR IMPROVED HUNTING SKILLS Understanding your equipment and practicing your hunting skills are the keys to successful muzzleloading hunting. When using a flintlock. But. that gives a wounded animal more than enough time to disappear. the philosophy of “One Well-Placed Shot” is more important than in any other method of hunting. Limiting shots to 75 yards will assure adequate remaining energy. Page 2 Revised 04-09 Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 17 . interpretation of game sign and live firing practice before the season will give you the skills you need to assure a successful hunt. the remaining energy also drops accordingly. Care must be taken to make sure your equipment is kept dry and clean.Conditions That Affect the Muzzleloading Hunter RANGE Lower initial velocity and greater bullet weight results in faster bullet drop and more bullet deflection on uphill or downhill shots. A well-trained muzzleloader can reload in 12 seconds.

a New Hampshire lawyer took the new Safari Club of America world record Livingston’s Eland. Both shots were made at 80 yards. the remaining energy is down to 765 foot pounds which is barely adequate for a sure kill on a mule deer sized animal. took a 4x5 bull weighing 500 pounds and a 5x6 at 700 pounds. Accurate range evaluation becomes critical for proper bullet placement when you consider the trajectory of the muzzleloading bullet. With the muzzleloader we combine low initial velocity. Given an effective vital kill area of 16 square inches on the average whitetail deer. These conditions dictate a limited effective range and result in a rapid velocity loss.54 caliber Maxi-Ball. however. from squirrel to elk and dove to wild turkey. Chamber pressures developed in the muzzleloading rifle are much lower than those associated with modern rifles using smokeless powder cartridges. hunting the early muzzleloading elk season out west. Two years ago my hunting partner and I. In 1986. Find favorable locations that will allow several seconds for a clear shot at the game and measure the distances from your selected positions to the game trails you plan to cover. By comparison. Let’s start with the effective range of the muzzleloading rifle.Muzzleloading Hunting THE HERITAGE AND THE CHALLENGE The muzzleloader has been used as an effective gameharvesting firearm in America for more than 350 years. let’s consider the next difference between muzzleloading and center fire hunting. For example. With a muzzleloader. however. When you’re hunting with a modern rifle and you see an acceptable big game animal within 250 yards you don’t need to make a decision on whether or not to shoot. You can see from the above comparison that a whole new set of values are required when you start working with the muzzleloader. grouse and rabbits. This results in lower velocity and lower muzzle energy. For example a . as well as a number of those found in other areas of the world. the 7x30 Waters fired from a Super 14 T/C Contender Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 25 BY JIM SMITH leaves the barrel at 2300 feet per second with a muzzle energy of 1775 foot pounds and a remaining energy of 1330 foot pounds at 100 yards. leaves the muzzle at almost the same velocity. Forget about your flat shooting center fire when you sight in the muzzleloader. you must begin to think in terms of 50 to 80 yards. From the landing of our pilgrim forefathers through the westward expansion in the late 1800’s. Properly loaded and efficiently applied. you can put them to rest. The 4x5 was taken with a 50 caliber T/C Maxi Hunter and a .270 Winchester sighted in at 100 yards will still shoot within 2 inches of the same point of impact at 200 yards because of a favorable combination of initial velocity. black powder rifles have been used for years to take even the largest and most difficult game. Be as exact in Revised 04-09 Page 3 . Muzzleloading hunting. Become familiar with the game trails and shooting positions that cover those areas. When you begin planning your muzzleloading hunt. It is a good idea to fire a second group at 80 yards so that you will become familiar with the difference in bullet drop when you increase the range by 30 yards. When the set of conditions is compared with a similar set of muzzleloading conditions the results are very different. If you have any doubts as to the effectiveness of the muzzleloader in taking game. and the New Englander 12 ga shotgun for dove. a bullet mass out of proportion to the powder charge and an aerodynamically poor shape to produce continued downrange stability. but the greater bullet mass of 430 grains delivers 1165 foot pounds of energy at 100 yards. weighing over 2600 pounds. The . a .54 caliber T/C Maxi-Ball was used on the larger bull.50 caliber muzzleloading rifle using a recommended load of 90 grains of FFg black powder will fire a 370 grain Maxi-Ball at a muzzle velocity of 1465 feet per second with a muzzle energy of 1764 foot pounds. you should scout the area you will be hunting.54 caliber Thompson/Center Renegade. muzzleloading rifles and shotguns have taken every American game species. If you have practiced enough to be sure of your hunting marksmanship and your choice of caliber and bullet are effective enough at the range you should be confident of harvesting your animal. BY the time the Maxi Ball has traveled 100 yards. requires a different set of standards that those applied to hunting with a modern firearm and I would like to acquaint you with these differences. including lion and elephant. which produces sharp bullet drop within 100 yards. In view of these factors you can see the necessity for careful range evaluation.32 caliber T/C Cherokee for squirrels and prairie dogs. This feat broke a record that had stood for 56 years. with a single shot from a . Lower initial velocities and heavier bullets have a dramatic effect on the drop of the bullet during the first 100 yards of flight. using 110 grains of FFg. Plan to sight in at 50 yards and limit your shot to no more than 80 yards. In Africa. With this in mind. the muzzleloader will handle any North American game animal. bullet weight and aerodynamically stable bullet design (ballistic coefficient). I have also used the . an error in judgment of 30-40 yards could cause the bullet to miss the vital area and result in a wounding loss.

530 (54 CAL) 127 175 230 POWDER CHARGE 80 gr FFg 90 gr FFg 110 gr FFg MUZZLE VEL 1930 fps 1900 fps 1910 fps MUZZLE ENERGY 1026 Ft/LB 1459 Ft/LB 1843 Ft/LB REMAINING ENERGY 25 YD 50 YD 75 YD 743 Ft/LB 1097 Ft/LB 1413 Ft/LB 536 Ft/LB 821 Ft/LB 1078 Ft/LB 383 Ft/LB 611 Ft/LB 823 Ft/LB 100 YDS 295 Ft/LB 467 Ft/LB 525 Ft/LB your measurements as possible and then set up similar shooting situations on the range where you normally practice. The shape of the conical bullet allows for controlled expansion in the body cavity of the animal. provided the bullet is placed in a vital area. When this happens. The table below illustrated remaining energy of the round ball at distances of 26 through 100 yards. antelope. First. Selection of the proper projectile is as important in muzzleloading as it is in choosing a bullet for the center fire rifle. is not the only factor to consider when selecting a hunting bullet. if you miss or wound the animal. snow. which translates to effective gamestopping performance. however. such as the Thompson/Center MaxiBall or Maxi-Hunter.MUZZLELOADER BALLISTIC INFORMATION ROUND BALL WGT (GRS) . Also check your shooting positions in regard to availability of natural shooting rests. When hunting with a muzzleloader.490 (50 CAL) . the shock power necessary to put the animal down may be lost and. you must make sure that the container in which you are Muzzleloading Fact Sheets 26 . you will most likely have just one shot and. but the effective remaining energy of the round ball drops off sharply at ranges greater than 75 yards. the animal may travel a long distance before dropping. he will be out of range or out of sight before you can reload. humid conditions. While this difference between sight picture and actual point of impact is slight in a center fire. This selection should be based on two factors. AS you know. but muzzleloading also requires several more precautions when you hunt in rain. offers a more efficient and positive method for harvesting game. Wet weather certainly must be considered with a center fire rifle. Remember. This means a larger wound channel and even distribution of the remaining energy along the wound channel. the best choice is a patched round ball. The energy comparison chart on the following page will give you the differences in performance between conical and round balls: Weather is another factor that is not as important to center fire hunt planning as it is when working with muzzleloading. elk. although the shot is well placed. Whitetail deer. such as rabbits and squirrels. Remaining energy. Five hundred foot pounds of remaining energy is needed to assure a one-shot kill on Whitetail deer-sized animals and 750 foot pounds for animals larger than Whitetail deer. The more practical experience you get. For target shooting and small game. Use natural rests wherever possible to steady your shot. the better your chances for success when hunting time arrives. Performance of the projectile after initial contact plays a very important part in assuring a game-stopping hit. You should make sure your barrel is not allowed to fill with water and you should always check to be sure the chamber area is dry when loading. If no natural rest is available. any difference in elevation between you and the target will cause the bullet to strike high on the animal. The conical is approximately twice the weight of a round ball and delivers almost twice the energy of the round ball at muzzleloading hunting distances. you will have a choice of either a patched round ball or a conical bullet design. Care must be taken to choose the proper projectile to assure an effective oneshot kill. Another related factor to consider when choosing the area in which you will be hunting is terrain changes between you and the target. The round ball tends to flatten out when it enters the body cavity and may cut through the animal like an arrow blade. it is magnified in a muzzleloader because of the factors we examined in the previous discussion. A conical projectile. javalina and turkey can also be taken with a round ball at distances under 75 yards.440 (45 CAL) . use your daypack or fanny pack with whatever natural features are available. try to practice in similar conditions. Longer shots at Whitetail Deer and all shots at larger game such as mule deer. If you plan to hunt in an area where you will be making an uphill or downhill shot. the type of animal being hunted and the range at which you will be shooting. moose and bear should be made with a Page 4 Revised 04-09 conical bullet.

You should also protect the nipple from moisture during wet weather conditions. The old adage of “a place for everything and everything in its place” is a good one for muzzleloading hunters. If you are hunting in an area where the days are warm and dry and the nights are cool and humid. There is no substitute for marksmanship practice at the distances you will be hunting and in the same terrain conditions as you will encounter in your hunting area. when you can say you took your record book trophy with a muzzleloader. This will form a moisture-proof seal and prevent water from blocking the flash hole. practice reloading until you are confident that you can be ready for a second shot within 20-30 seconds. that is to say. always check to make sure your projectile is firmly seated against the powder charge when you arrive at your hunting location. I always discharge my rifle and clean it at the end of the day and go through the complete loading procedure the next morning before leaving camp. it will absorb moisture if the container is left open or the lid is not tightly sealed.. Learn where the rifle shoots at different distances and Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 27 elevations. Always sight in for the hunt using the projectile you will be firing on the hunt. Once all of the above factors have been taken into consideration. However if you have been walking a great distance with the muzzle pointed down. However. it is important to prepare for any contingencies that may arise. you can stand a little taller among your hunting partners and you can feel a little of the hunting heritage that our forefathers developed when they stood in the same spot with their muzzleloader. A fast and proper reload may make the difference between finishing a wounded animal and spending hours trying to locate him. Decide how you will carry your accessories to allow quick retrieval for reloading operations and then practice with them at the range. It isn’t always easy to remember all of the above factors. your equipment and your reloading techniques. There is enough time and money invested in the hunt that you should not take a chance on a misfire when the game is in your sights. Black powder is hygroscopic. Try a variety of loads until you find the one that is most accurate with the projectile you will be using. Once you have become comfortable with the location of your equipment. You should also make sure that the muzzle is pointed down so that water cannot collect in the barrel. Carefully release the hammer and let it down until it rests firmly on the leather. remove the percussion cap and place a small piece of leather over the nipple. When you are moving from place to place or sitting on a stand waiting for game. MUZZLE ENERGY REMAINING ENERGY 25 YD 743 1052 1097 1462 1413 1700 50 YD 536 821 821 1199 1078 1525 75 YD 383 664 611 1006 823 1340 100 YD 45 50 54 ROUND BALL MAXI BALL ROUND BALL MAXI BALL ROUND BALL MAXI BALL 127 255 175 370 230 430 80 gr FFg 80 gr FFg 90 gr FFg 90 gr FFg 110 gr FFg 110 gr FFg 1930 fps 1605 1900 1465 1910 1428 1026 FT/LBS 1459 FT/LBS 1459 1764 1843 1948 295 FT/LB 553 FT/LB 467 865 628 1165 storing your powder is kept tightly closed. If I haven’t fired during the day. our national record book of muzzleloading hunting trophies. This prevents moisture from seeping past the projectile to contaminate the powder charge and reduces the chance for buildup ahead of the projectile that might create a barrel obstruction. It’s well worth the extra effort and maybe your name will go in to the lists of the Longhunter Society. Although the philosophy of muzzleloading hunting is geared to the concept of one well-placed shot. you may find that the change in conditions can also cause a moisture buildup in your rifle. Become proficient with the equipment you will be using on the hunt. the remaining point that can make the difference between a successful hunt and a walk in the woods is proficiency. but practice and repetition will give you the confidence to be successful. It’s part of the challenge of muzzleloading hunting. Revised 04-09 Page 5 . Practice to become proficient with your rifle.ROUND BALL VS. CONICAL BULLETS CAL PROJECTILE TYPE WGT (GR) POWDER CHARGE MUZZLE VEL. remove the leather seal and replace the cap on the nipple. This can cause improper ignition which may result in erratic velocity or a misfire. When you are ready to fire.

muzzleloading has a wide appeal for both young and old. it is safe and easy to teach.Muzzleloading: The Art of Having Fun By A. That is not to say they don’t have a serious side. has increased its membership by more than 300 percent in that same time period. it’s fun! “Anyone who would make negative statements about the sport is obviously unfamiliar with black powder shooting. because they do. There is also a special camaraderie Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 28 . the shooting fundamentals are the same. the sport of muzzleloading is not as complicated.” Like the other Basic Firearms Education Program courses. swing to the target – moving the body and gun as a single unit to the target. The demand for instructors is there. Matches like these are as exciting and fun filled for spectators as they are for the shooters. He jumps into a stream or pond to set several traps and runs across logs over streams. trigger pull – clean and qui9ck. The skinner then takes off along a marked trail. As shooters miss or fail to split the ball. You can enter blanket shoots all day and still go home with a prize. skirmish or rendezvous. This race gets competitive and is a real crowd pleaser. They are always coming up with new ways of having fun with their muzzleloaders. some 25 years ago. The National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association (NMLRA). This one’s a real test of your own personal loading technique and tools. who gets the last prize left on the blanket. and follow through – continuing the swing after the shot has been fired. and so on right down to the lowest scorer. Some matches are shot from a saddle. and Civil War groups. In the past 20 years. the second place winner gets second choice. is burned white “makin’ fun. They follow the same loading Page 6 Revised 04-09 procedure. the responsibility of the NRA instructor is there. the one thing I’ve really learned about black powder shooters is that they are innovative geniuses. The last two shooters have a final shootout for the winner. loading on the run. pistol and shotgun are designed for the new shooter. all of which use black powder firearms. It usually starts with a shot from a rifle to start the stopwatch. I guess it took about 10 minutes to load up that first shot. AS he stumbles back to the finish line. State. Loading from a hunting pouch. each shooter drops a prize (usually something handmade by the shooter) on an Indian blanket and shoots his assigned target. the muzzleloading courses for rifle. the winner gets first choice of all the prizes on the blanker. regional and national target competitions. American fur trade. strapped over a 55gallon barrel hung from bungee cords to simulate shooting buffalo from horseback. messy or dangerous as many instructors think. shoots other targets along the trail with a rifle or pistol and throws a tomahawk and knife at other targets. When the match is over.” said Lenny Pinaud. These groups can attract quite a bit of attention in their unique costumes when involved in a battle re-enactment. Growing numbers of people are becoming interested in Revolutionary War. Pinaud believes that once instructors know more about the sport. Others are speed matches to see how many buffalo silhouettes can be knocked over in a given time limit. Why Teach Muzzleloading? Contrary to popular belief. To enter the match. I knew I was hooked for life. LEE ROBERTSON My first exposure to black powder shooting. they are eliminated. “The sport has a lot to say for it.” One of the most popular shoots held at most rendezvous (a gathering of mountain men or buck skinners) is called a blanket shoot. In muzzleloading shotgun shooting. Most rendezvous have a mountain man run (Cherokee run) that tests survival skills in many ways. Nor is it any more difficult to teach than conventional firearms. “Anyone who believes that muzzleloading is difficult to do or teach should take the time to become more familiar with it. one of the largest black powderoriented groups in the country. In the years following. called an “ax split shoot. with fans wildly cheering their favorite skinner or local hero. Another popular match is an elimination shoot.” Pinaud added. It usually starts with a shot from a rifle to start the stopwatch. the fundamentals are the same as conventional shotgun: Stance .” Shooters have to split the lead ball on an ax blade. shot preparation. Everybody’s a winner. and besides. the popularity of muzzleloading has increased considerably.the position of the shooter’s body and gun in relation to the expected location of the target: gun ready position . If NRA’s lesson plans and instructions are followed. trigger control and follow through are equally important to black powder rifle and pistol as to modern firearms. and NRA Training Counselor and coauthor of NRA’s Muzzleloading Rifle Handbook. As one of the fastest growing shooting sports. they will be interested in adding it to their programs. Most black powder though. he has to build a flint and steel fire to stop the clock. So there’s no reason not to become involved in muzzleloading. and the two halves of the lead ball break a balloon or clay pigeon placed on each side of the ax blade. sight alignment.mounting the gun. and even world championships make up the more serious side of the sport. benchrest matches. was on a lone desert hill with a buddy. The five fundamentals of shooting position. but when I pulled the trigger and felt that soft thump on my shoulder and saw all that fire and smoke billow out in front of me.

Revised 04-09 Page 7 .” said Steve Moore. Muzzleloading has the potential to become one of the most popular shooting sports. The excitement of fun shoots like blanket shoots and turkey shoots can lure young people into remaining black-powder fans for life. (Pyrodex is the only safe substitute for black powder. muzzleloading firearms must be cleaned after use. pistol and shotgun.. Under no conditions can smokeless powder be substituted for black powder. Inc. Black powder is Muzzleloading Fact Sheets 29 extremely volatile and must be handles with care. are perhaps the most popular event with all ages. bacon or turkey in order to win the prize. This is one of the “skinner shoots. The final lesson of the course calls for games and activities. He has to eat the raw egg! Some how. the individual tomahawk matches or knifethrowing matches. many black powder equipment manufacturers and retailers are willing to donate equipment and supplies to a class. To the shooters. c/o h ld d k That is an integral part of these replays of history. The one thing we all agree on: Black-powder shooters have resurrected the art of having fun. Young people are very much among those attracted to the smoke and flame billowing from these antique-looking guns. Besides those. Fair Oaks. You can add fun to your own muzzleloading classes by incorporating one or more of these shoots into your program. the fun really starts. and the resulting pressure is a surefire way to destroy the gun and endanger the shooter and those near. The Skirmish Line. If he hits the egg. and NRA offers a qualification program for muzzleloading rifle.) Smokeless powder burns much hotter than black powder. 4815 Oglethorpe St. the spectators seem to have as much or more fun than the shooters. Some enjoy the historical link of muzzleloaders. “As instructors we should help further people’s interest in the sport by teaching them proper and safe methods. one shot. they can feel close to the American pioneer establishing his home on a new frontier. The lack of an antique firearm is not an obstacle to shooting black powder. however. who also co-wrote Muzzleloading Rifle Handbook. please contact the Basic Programs Department. We’ve all eaten our share of raw eggs and smelled the aroma of black powder.. If he misses. He loads one shot. When safety precautions are followed.S. The basic fundamentals are the same and the possibilities for fun with muzzleloaders are endless. Most muzzleloader shooters use replicas today. a muzzleloader can be as quick and easy to clean as a modern firearm. International Muzzle Loading Committee. The sport of muzzleloading hunting is also growing in popularity. where competitors try to cut a playing card tacked to a crump. Perhaps the newest fun shoot to hit the Western rendezvous is the “raw egg shoot. Thirty-two states offered a separate or extended season for black-powder hunters last year. MD 20737 •U. If you would like to know more about the basic muzzleloading program. IN 47021 •North-South Skirmish Association. 7511 Winding Way.Other shooting matches involve steel gongs at various long distances or moving targets suspended on strings. PO Box 67. Muzzleloading Organizations For more information about muzzleloading and muzzleloading activities. In addition. There are sanctioned muzzleloading competitions across the country. That’s to let your hair down. They are also attracted by the interesting costumes and activities that are a part of this sport. We’ve all shared hunting stories or listened to old mountain man stories around a campfire. it’s a real challenge. where you must shoot the string clean off and drop the ham. With all of the mystique surrounding black powder shooting aside.) All these shoots are designed to do one thing. “It is obvious that the demand is there. •National Muzzle Loading Rifle Association. Some enthusiasts claim that nothing can match the excitement and challenge of a black-powder hunt. That’s all he gets. It’s a perfect time to stage a hangin’ ham or a blanket shoot.” where you’ll see the shooters settle down and do some real serious shooting. Generally. NY 12052 •Civil War Skirmish Association. Riverdale.” Each shooter hangs a raw egg taped on a string. set aside the stresses of the modern world and do as the early settlers and pioneers did – make our own fun. black-powder shooting is as safe as any other shooting sport. A few things to remember: Keep powder away from smoke and flame. Friendship. Because the residue formed by igniting black powder is corrosive. With practice and preparation. you may contact the following organizations: •Brigade of American Revolution. he’s home free. Another source of equipment and experienced volunteer help is your local black powder club. CA 95628. such as hangin’ ham shoots or bacon shoots. Delmar. cleaning with a solution of water and dishwashing soap is all that is necessary.” Many people shy away from black-powder shooting because they think it’s dangerous. (Just make sure you tell your students in advance to bring something for the blanket. teaching muzzleloading is no more difficult than teaching a course using modern firearms. 32 Douglas Road. That’s the magic of the muzzleloader sport –having fun.

The questions will be worth 2 safety to measure the ability of the contestant to handle firearms under range and field conditions. Fifty questions taken from the 4-H shooting sports project on muzzleloading. Contestants must be enrolled in a 4-H shooting sports project C. Two teams. Match Description – A match consists of 10 rounds. The Basics of Muzzleloading (CES Circular 500). may be entered from each county. consisting of 3 or 4 members. IV. No more than two (2) contestants will share a muzzleloading rifle. The exam score will count as 25% of the total contest score. and Muzzleloading Silhouette Match (100F – 43) are the reference books. sportsmanship and accuracy. Written Examination A. II. Targets – The silhouette targets are made from T-1 steel metal plate and shale be 3/8” thick for the crow and groundhog. A. ¼” thick for the buffalo. Objectives: To assist 4-H members in learning the rules of muzzleloading safety. turkey and bear. B. The dimensions are as follows: Base Size: Crow Groundhog Buffalo Turkey Bear Silhouette Size: Crow Groundhog Buffalo Turkey Bear 2” x 4” x 3/8” 3” x 6” x 3/8” 3” x 5” ¼” (2 required) 3” x 7” x ¼” 4” x 6” x ¼” (2 required) 12” x 8 ½” x 3/8” 6 ½” x 13 ½” x 3/8” 22” x 15” x ¼” 18” x 21” x ¼” 13” x 35” x ¼” Page 8 Revised 04-09 Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 30 . The “feet” upon which the silhouettes rest should be made from the same type and thickness of steel as the targets. The general rules of State 4-H Conference eligibility covered in the State 4-H Contest Handbook apply. B. 2 crow targets at 25 yards 2 groundhog targets at 50 yards 2 buffalo targets at 100 yards 2 turkey targets at 125 yards 2 bear targets at 150 yards III.MUZZLELOADING SILHOUETTE CONTEST I.

As a simple explanation. Such completion firing may be done immediately or on later relay. in offhand position – except bear targets which can be fired in any position without artificial support. Hits out of sequence are misses. but said coach may not handle the shooter’s rifle or accessories or assist in any physical way once the command to fire has been given. in order. fires no more than 2 rounds per series. Buffalo 20”. based on length of delay involved: rifle repair. The bear should be moved carefully backward on its stand with the feed overhanging to the backside until the topple point is achieved. watches silhouettes closely. keeps time.45 caliber round ball and 60 grain charge. Any shooter who is destroying targets will be disqualified. When a silhouette is blown down before a shot. Targets are designed to fall with a medium to light load in a hunting rifle. All are placed on stands off the ground. It is the scorekeeper’s responsibility to see that the competitor observes the rules and time limits. Standard NRA silhouette targets may be used at the prescribed distances. Turkeys 24. the official width of the bear’s feet is four inches. or otherwise advises. Only hits and misses are recorded and a silhouette must be knocked from its rest to score a hit. Ricochet hits count. or other pertinent factors. All targets can be easily topples with a . left to right. Turning a silhouette on stand does not count. one shot at each. the same rifle shall be used at all ranges in that particular match. A minimum of 5 minutes will be allowed between stages to move and reset targets. and when strong winds exist. All scoring differences must be resolved immediately on completion of the series before either shooter or scorekeeper leaves the firing line. on the Range Officer’s decision. From that point they may be moved forward to achieve stability – but. Each competitor has a bank of 2 metal silhouettes to fire against. order the targets to be clamped to the stand. The bears and buffalo shall be placed so that the center of gravity is no more than one inch in front of the topple point. Groundhogs 18”. Bullet loading blocks are allowed. in the correct spaces on a scorecard. when such rifle failure occurs. Each shooter may have one coach with him on the firing line. who has a scope or binoculars and advises the competitor where the shots are going. Except. then go back to the left end of fire unfired round or rounds as remaining silhouette or silhouettes. not more than one inch forward of this topple point. 10 minutes per stage. the Range Officer may.Minimum distance between silhouettes should be: Crows 12”. Scoring – All shots are scored by marking either an “O” for a miss or an “X” for a hit. Bears 30” apart. as the rules call for. It is suggested that this final resting place be marked by spraying around the feed with target paint or otherwise so that the bears may be placed in the same place each time they are reset. Scoring of hits on the target are then used in lieu of knocking down the targets. Firing Procedure – Firing is in 2 round stages. the scorekeeper will instruct the shooter to fire remaining ones in order. substitution. Equipment Allowed – Any muzzleloading rifle with metallic open or peep sights (shaders allowed) loaded with single patched round ball (no sabot loads). so that he can tell when a silhouette is blown over and not knocked down by a shot. at his discretion. If the wind is strong enough to prevent setting targets. Loading powder directly from the flask or horn into muzzle of rifle is prohibited. The scorecard is as follows: Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 31 Revised 04-09 Page 9 .

each shooter shall fire one shot at a designated bear. D. V. following this sequence until the tie is broken. and so on. then crow. C. the shooter with the greatest number of bears will receive the higher position. and a buffalo. If a tie remains. a shoot off will be held. bear. balls or patches may be used. To break ties. They will be loaded only on the line and at the command of the range officer. at the discretion of the contest superintendent. and time procedures shall be used. At least one adult must accompany each team to the contest. and crows until a clear winner appears. firing. F. If a clear winner is not established from the scorecards. If ties remain. disqualify a contestant. Violations of the accepted rules of conduct on the range will. Coaches are responsible for the safety of shooters. Regular loading. Protests – Protests or concerns of any nature should immediately be brought to the contest superintendent. No coaching allowed. the greater numbers of turkeys will be used and so on to the buffalo. near the range or at rest will be unloaded. General A. at rest in vehicles. each shooter shall fire at a designated turkey. VIII.Name County Club Crows Groundhogs Buffalos Turkeys Bears Totals Ties – If a tie occurs. Powder. B. whether being carried. VI. Awards Ribbons – Team 1-5 and Individual 1-5 Plaques – High Point Individual Medals – High Point Team Page 10 Revised 04-09 Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 32 . groundhogs. round balls and patches will be furnished and must be used. then a groundhog. Safety – The Range Officer has the right to refuse or remove any shooter whose actions are unsafe or has unsafe equipment. No personal powder. Safety – All firearms. E. References Basics of Muzzleloading – Curricular 500 Muzzleloading Silhouette Match – 100F-43 VII.

STATE 4-H CONFERENCE MUZZLELOADING CONTEST JULY . 20 NAME: COUNTY: RELAY X = HIT Crow Groundhog Buffalo Turkey Bear BAY O = MISS Total Muzzleloading Fact Sheet 33 Revised 04-09 Page 11 .

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