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# SEMESTER PROJECT OF FEA

## SUBMITTED TO: DR IRFANULLAH

Introduction:

Bush bearings are used to support long shaft. They are used in industries for bearing loads in any radial
direction.

BUSH BEARING

Assumptions:

Thick film lubrication is considered in which a minimum film thickness ho is at an offset from the bottom
of the bearing. This occurs either at left or right side of the bottom depending upon the direction of
rotation of shaft. We here assume that the shaft is rotating in clockwise direction. In order to use
realistic loads examples from chapter “lubrication and journal bearing”, from Mechanical Engineering
Design by Shigley, are referred.

Viscosity=µ=6µreyn

Shaft speed=N=40rev/sec

Given data:

## Model dimensions mentioned in the isometric view of drawing.

Calculations:
Using the formulas and charts given in Mechanical Engineering Design by Shigley following values are
assumed for analysis

## Nominal bearing pressure=P=w/2rl=129psi=0.89MPa

Sommerfeld number=S=(r/c)2(µN/P)=3

l/d=1.5

## From figure 12-21,

P/pmax=0.6

pmax=215psi=1.48MPa

## Position of maximum film pressure θpmax=300

Analysis:

In order to simplify the analysis and minimize the analysis time the problem is solve using a plane. The
plane is copied from the model in such a way that only required details are included in it.

Element type:

Plane42 is the element type used for analysis. It’s a 2D plane element. The element can be used either
as a plane element (plane stress or plane strain) or as an axisymmetric element. The element is defined
by four nodes having two degrees of freedom at each node: translations in the nodal x and y directions.

Real constant:

The only real constant required in the analysis is the depth of plane which is equal to the depth of
bushed bearing.

Material properties:

The material of the bush is taken as gun metal whose properties are as follow:

## E=103.42MPa ; Poisson ratio=0.37

Since the bush is press fit into the bearing casing, in order to represent this constrain the circular surface
of the bearing casing is constraint in x and y direction. The pressure loads are applied on the nodes that
are on the periphery of bearing surface and within the positions determined by the calculations. The
pressure loads are shown as red line in the following figure.

1
NODES
JUN 29 2009
U 09:20:04
PRES-NORM
1.18

12

Y
Z X

Solution:

After applying loads the problem was solved in the solution section.

Results:

After solving the problem the nodal elongations and von mises stresses are checked in general
postprocessper. Maximum stress is 1.398MPa. Maximum elongation is 0.27mm. The graphical results
obtained from Ansys® are shown on next page.
VON MISES STRESS
1
NODAL SOLUTION
JUN 29 2009
STEP=1 09:18:08
SUB =1
TIME=1
SEQV (AVG)
DMX =.270907
SMN =.160E-04
SMX =1.398

12
MX

MN

Y
Z X

## .160E-04 .310603 .621189 .931776 1.242

.155309 .465896 .776483 1.087 1.398

BEARING ELONGATION
1
NODAL SOLUTION
JUN 29 2009
STEP=1 09:18:47
SUB =1
TIME=1
USUM (AVG)
RSYS=0
DMX =.270907
SMX =.270907

12

MN MX

Y
Z X

## 0 .060201 .120403 .180604 .240806

.030101 .090302 .150504 .210705 .270907