SAINT CLARE IN ART FORMS Paintings An exhaustive study of the art on Saint Clare of Assisi is one of the possibilities

just waiting to happen as interest in Clare rises to new heights. Perhaps the resources given here will prove helpful toward this end. Some prints and studies of the art on Clare through the centuries follow:

Andreola, Amina and Nicola D'Agostino. "Chiesa parrocchiale di Santa Chiara a Roma." Arte Cristiana 64 (1976): 123-6. Bargellini, Piero. Santa Chiara. Racconti della sua vita. Florence: Vallecchi, 1897 and 1952. Contains 47 reproductions by the following artists: Orazio Gentileschi. Maestro di Santa Chiara (Here attributed to Cimabue). Niccolo di Pietro Guini. Pagani. Piero della Francesca. Giottino. Amalia Duprè. G. Mazzola Bedolli. Andre della Robbia. Giotto. Venetian School 16th. century. Pier Antonio Mezzastri. Guercino. Simone Martini. Francesco Morone. Alvise Vavarini. Poffa. Lippo Memmi. Murillo. Annonymous paintings. ---. I fioretti di Santa Chiara. Assisi: Edizioni Porziuncola, 1953. English: The Little Flowers of Saint Clare. Trans. Edmund O'Gorman. Woodcuts: Giovanni Lerario. Padua: Edizioni Messaggero, 1984. Bisogni, Fabio. "Per un census delle rappresentazioni di santa Chiara nella pittura in Emilia, Romagna e Veneto sino alla fine del quattrocento." Movimento religioso femminile e Francescanesimo nel secolo XIII. Atti del VII Convegno internazionale. Assisi: Società Internazionale di Studi Francescani, 1980. 132-165.

[Contains work by the following artists: Giuliano da Rimini. Giovanni da Rimini. Pietro da Rimini. Maestro di Verrucchio. Giovanni Baronzio(?) Maestro dell'Incoronazione di Urbibo. Bartolomeo e Jacopino da Reggio. Tomaso da Modena. Antonio Alberti da Ferrara. Francesco del Cossa. Francesco Pelosio. Paolo Veneziano. Bottega di Paolo Veneziano. Seguace di Paolo Veneziano. Lorenzo Veneziano. Jacobello di Bonomo. Zanino di Pietro. Antonio Vivarini. Other annonymous paintings. Bracaloni, Leone, O.F.M. "Santa Chiara nell'Arte." Chiara d'Assisi: Studi e cronaca del VII centenario. Milan: Comitato Centrale per il VII Centenario Morte S. Chiara, 1954: 207-12. Bughetti, Benvenutus, O.F.M. "La tavola di Santa Chiara nella sua Basilica D'Assisi." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 19 (1926): 934-45. [The panel of Saint Clare in her basilica in Assisi.] Campbell, Jacques. "Un Manuscrit à figures de Karlsruhe." Etudes Franciscaines 16 (1966): Suppl. 3-4. Carossino, Antonio. "Santa Chiara d'Assisi Patrona dei Marinai." Forma Sororum 32, 4/5 (1995):275-279. [The story behind a painting of Clare in the Cathedral of St. Michele in Albenga, Italy.] Collaert, Adriaen, 1560-1618. A rare set of 37 miniatures by this Flemish artist are the only known set delicately painted on silk. Preserved at the Monastère Sainte Claire, Romans, France. The Franciscan Institute at St. Bonaventure University has a copy.

"De Iconographie van de H. Clara in de Franse en Spaanse ." Franciscaans Leven 27 (1954): 14-6. [The iconography of Saint Clare in France and Spain.] De Paola, Tomi. Francis the Poor Man of Assisi. New York: Holiday House, 1982. [Four original illustrations of Clare with text] Duryea, Polly. "Clare Reflected in Visual Art." The Cord 9 (1990): 283-6. Errazuriz, Subercaseaux, O.S.B. "Vocation of St. Clare" in St. Francis of Assisi: the Little Poor Man. Text: Margaret R. Cullen. Boston: Marshall Jones Co., 1925; 1984. [Watercolors of Clare.] Gallino, Tommaso M., O.F.M. "Santa Chiara nelle gloria eucharistia. Un dipinto di Francesco De Mura che l'ultima guerra ha distrutto." Chiara d'Assisi 3 (1955): 2730. During World War II, on August 4, 1943, a painting by Francesco de Mura, around 1742-1745, was destroyed by fire. This work was centered on the Eucharist, the Trinity and the Blessed Virgin Mary, and depicted saints Francis, Clare, Louis, Anthony, Elizabeth, Louis the King, and Bonaventure. This article tells the story of this painting. Gieben, Servus. "Chiara d'Assisi nell'arte grafica." Collectanea Franciscana 63 (1993): 157270. ---. "L'iconografia di Chiara d'Assisi." Chiara d'Assisi. Atti del XX Convegno internazionale, Assisi, 15-17 ottobre 1992. Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull'Alto Medioevo, 1993. 187-236. [Studies from 32 works and 78 illustrations.] ---. "L'immagine di santa Chiara. Nota iconografica." Chiara d'Assisi. Con Francesco sulla via di Cristo. Assisi: S. Maria degli Angeli, (1993): 29-50. ---. "Clare of Assisi: Iconography." Italia Francescana 3-4 (1993). Italian and English. [Reproductions from the collection at the Franciscan Museum, Rome.] Gnoli, Umberto. Pittori e miniatori nell'Umbria. Spoleto, 1923. [Pictures and miniatures in Umbria]. Iacovelli, Anacleto. "Iconografia de santa Chiara nella basilica di S. Francesco in Assisi." San Francesco Patrono Saint Francis]. Il Dottore Serafico nelle raffigurazioni degli artisti. Ed. J. G. Bougerol. Assisi: Porziuncola Press, 1974. [Contains a collection of art in which Clare and Bonaventure are pictured together:

Bonaventure (before his canonization) and Clare, 14th. century. Uffizi Art Gallery, Florence. Our Lady, Francis, Clare and Bonaventure (Before his canonization) and others. Diericke Bouts 1470. Sacro Convento, Assisi, Italy. Our Lady, Francis Clare, Bonaventure and Bernardine. Meister des Marienlebens, 15th century. Walraf-Richartz Museum. Our Lady, Bonaventure and Clare together. Vincenzo Foppa, (1427-1515). Brera Pinacotheca, Milan. Our Lady, Francis, Clare, Bonmaventure and Bernardine. By Tiberio di Assisi. San Damiano. Our Lady, Francis, Clare, Bonaventure, Bernardine, Louis. By Marcello Foglino (1480-1550). Academy of Fine Arts, Venice. Crucifixion, Francis, Clare, Agnes, Anthony, Bonaventure and Louis. By Zanin di Pietro, 15th Century. Francis, Clare, Bonaventure and Louis. By Cesare Sermei of Assisi, 17th. century. Basilica of St. Francis, Assisi. Francis, Clare and Bonaventure at Our Lady's feet. By Mattia Preti, 17th. century. Church of St. Francis, Valletta, Malta. Bonaventure, Francis and Clare portrayed prominently together. Baciccio 1707. Church of the Holy Apostles, Rome. Our Lady with Francis, Clare, Lucy, and Bonaventure. 18th century. Former Church of the Reformed Franciscans. Belpasso, Catania (Sicily). Bonaventure, Bernardine, Louis, Clare, Elizabeth, and King Louis. Hasegawa, 20th Century. Church of the Holy Protomartyrs of Japan. Civitavecchia. Jameson, M. Legends of the Monastic Orders: As Represented in Fine Art. London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1980: 270-8. L'Arte francescana nella vita e nella storia di setticenti anni. Todi 1924. Lorenzini, Chiara. The Life of St. Clare. Assisi: Coop. Minerva Editrice, 1993. [28 miniature water paintings of the life of St. Clare]

McInally, Ciaran, O.F.M. Conv. and Joseph Wood, O.F.M. Conv. "Clare of Assisi." The Cord 43 (1993): 323-34. [An ancient tavola of St. Clare s examined as "painted literature."] Millane, Pacelli, O.S.C. "The Dossal of Saint Clare." The Cord 44 (1994): 205-13. Omaechevarria, Ignasius, O.F.M. Escritos de Santa Clara. Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1982. [Frontspiece of Clare with Bonaventure, Thomas Aquinas.] At El Prado Museum in Madrid there is a painting by Peter Paul Rubens (15771640) in which Clare and Bonaventure are pictured with the Western Doctors of the Church: Ambrose, Augustine, Jerome, Gregory the Great and Thomas Aquinas. This is also portrayed in a tapestry at the Convent of the Discalced Poor Clares in Madrid. Omaechevarria included this work in his book on the writings of Saint Clare.

Pomarat, M. Le tableau de sainte-Claire [au Puy]. Bull. Hist. Sc. Soc. Acad. Le Puy 43 (1965): 137. Santa Chiara. Assisi: Arti Grafiche L. Zubboli, 1942. Sanz, Ana Garcia and Maria Victoria Triviño. Iconografia de Santa Clara en el Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales. Madrid: Caja de Madrid, 1993. Sedulius, Hendricus, O.F.M.Obs., (1549-1621). Icones Sanctae Clarae B. Francisci Assisiatis primogeniae discipulae. Antwerp, 1632. These miniature icons of Saint Clare, the first disciple of Blessed Francis of Assisi, thirty-three images of the whole life of Saint Clare, are reproduced in whole or in part in the following: DuPuis, Francois. The Life and Legend of the Lady Saint Clare. Trans. Charlotte Balfour, Charlotte. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1910. [Original French work, dated 1513.] Galle, J. S. Clarae Virginis Assisiatis secundi Ordinis S. Francisci primogeniae, sanctate et miraculis clarissimae Vitae Compendium aere incisis expressum. Antwerp 1665. [A series of 14 images of Clare.] Gieben, Servus, O.F.M.Cap. Icones Sanctae Clarae. Rome: Museo Francescano, 1989. Bartoli, Marco. Chiara d'Assisi. Rome: Instituto Storico Cappuccini, 1989. [Collection of above miniatures with explanation by Servus Gieben] "Le 'Icones Sanctae Clarae' di Adriaen Collaert." Atti Accademia properziana del Subasio 7 (1989): 31-8. [Contains 34 photos] Smeets, Uriël, O.F.M. "De H. Clara van Assisi. Een kunsticonografische studie." Franciscana 8 (1953): 113-26. [Describes the origin and progression of the symbols with which Clare is pictured.] Vian, Nello. "Tavola duecentesca di Santa Chiara." Studium 49 (1953): 569-82. Weerts, P., O.F.M. Obs. Cort begryp vant'wonderlick leven der H.Moeder Clara. Antwerp, 1649. [A series of 13 images of Clare] Woods, Jeryldene. "Perceptions of Holiness in Thirteenth Century Italian Painting: Clare of Assisi." Art History 3 (1991): 301-328.

SAINT CLARE AND HER ORDER EXPRESSED IN DRAMA

Aschmann, Mary Francis. Candle in Umbria. Roswell, NM: Poor Clare Monastery of Our Lady of Guadalupe, 1953. Gliebe, Francis de Sales, O.F.M. The Princess Poverty. A dramatic sketch. Paterson, N.J.: St. Anthony Guild, 1937. Hodgson, Karen Lee. Clare of Assisi. (A Play in Two Acts.) St. Bonaventure, NY: The Franciscan Institute, 1993. [Available on VHS] La Clara Estrella di Asis [The Bright Star of Assisi. A 17th or 18th century Spanish play in manuscript form.] Barcelona: Biblioteca del Institut del Teatre. Ludovico Nuti of Assisi, Min. Con. di San Francisco. La divotessima rappresentatione della Serafica Vergine, e sposa di Christo Santa Chiara d'Assisi. Siena: Alla logia del Papa, 1615. [Note: Sketch of Clare holding Church in right hand, bible in left.] Another edition: La vita e costumi della serafica vergine S. Chiara in prosa insieme con la sua divotissima Rappresentazione in ottova rima. Perugia 1590. [Mentioned in Archivum Franciscanum Historicu 12 (1919): 121.]

SAINT CLARE IN POETRY

Differentiating between the poetry and hymnody of the Middle Ages presents a problem. As far as is possible it is mainly poetry that is listed in this section, although some of these works have been set to music through the centuries.

Ann of the Heart of Jesus and Mary, P.C.C. "Clare's Testament." The Cord 29 (1979): 220. [A poem] Augusto, Armindo, O.F.M., ed. "En louvor de Santa Clara (1253-1953)." BragaMontariol: Editorial Francescana, 1954. [A collection of Portuguese literature.] Benzshawel, Paul, O.F.M. "Clare's Song of Songs." A choral recital. The Cord 27 (1977): 210-23. Bruno da Osimo. 12 sonetti a S. Chiara. Milan: Ed. Colonnello, 1961. [12 sonnets about Saint Clare]. Campeau, Marie Celine, O.S.C. "O Clare." Communications [The Communications Bulletin of the Mother Bentivoglio Federation of Poor Clares], Summer (1989): 13. Casey, Madonna Joseph, O.S.C. "The Testament of St. Clare." The Cord 26 (1976): 230. [A poem] Casolini, Fausta. "Sprazzi della luce di Chiara nella letteratura." Santa Chiara d'Assisi: Studi e cronaca dell VII Centenario. Assisi: Comitate Centrale per il VII Centenario Morte S. Chiara, 1954. 213-61. [This resource contains many exerpts from poetry, drama, and liturgy, with bibliography.] Chiesa, A. Il carme di Santa Chiara. Cesena: Scuola Tip. Orfanelli dell'Addolorata, 1953. [Poems on saint Clare]. Collaert, Adriaen. Leben der heiligen Klara von Assisi in Bildern. Thirty-four poems. Introduction Engelbert Grau, O.F.M. München: Franziskanerkloster St. Anna, 12, 1981. Davis, Ruth Russell. Chiara. Denver: Big Mountain Press, 1957. [An English poem originally written in 1903] DeAngelis, F., O.F.M. Chiara d'Assisi, poesie "quasi in romanesco." Rome: Aracoeli, 1992. [Clare of Assisi, poetry "almost romanesque".] "Elenco di panegirici, testi poetici e devozionali su Chiara d'Assisi nel Sei-Ottocento." Chiara d'Assisi. Atti del XX Convegno internazionale. Assisi, 15-17 ottobre 1992. Spoleto: Centro Ilatiano di Studi sull'Altro Medioevo, 1993. Appendix.

Francesco degli Albizi. "Laude in onore di Santa Chiara." Florilegio francescano: prose e poesie francescane, inedite e rare, racolta, ordinate e illustrate da Guido Battelli. Turin: Società editrice internazionale, 1926: 271-2. Jacopone da Todi. "Ode to Saint Clare." Trans. J. Slingsby Roberts. Franciscan Poets in Italy of the Thirteenth Century. Ed. Frederick Oznam. Trans. A.C.Nellen and N.C.Craig. London: David Nutt, 1914. ---. La Poesie spirituali del B. Jacopone da Todi. Ed. F. Tresatti. Venice: (1617). Vol. III, n.27, 361-4. Jones, Thomas Samuel, Jr. Sonnets of Saint Francis and Saint Clare. Portland, Maine: Mosher Press, 1934. [No pagination. Three Clare poems in center of booklet.] Kubic, Avis Kunca. "Clare." Review for Religious 50 (1991). Mary Clare of Jesus, P.C.C. "To a Little Plant." The Cord 30 (1980): 204. [A poem] ___. "Portrait." The Cord 31 (1981): 212. [A poem] Scaremezzi, D., O.F.M. "Dante e Santa Chiara ." L'Osservatore Romano. April 19, 1953: 2. [Dante ascribed some passages to Clare: Canto III, vs. 97-108 and Canto XXI, vs. 85-102. Also see Chiara di Assisi: Nuove Scoperte e Documenti. G. Cozza-Luzi, for a commentary on these references to Clare.] Spadaro, Gaetano Natale. Sorella Chiara. Napoli: Edizioni Cenacolo Spadaro, 1954. [26 short poems set to music by G. Tartarglia]. Thom, Frances Ann, O.S.F. "Chiara Poverella." The Cord 7 (1980): 205. [A poem] Thomae Hemerken a Kempis. Omnia Opera, vol. IV. Reliqui IX tractatuli ascetici cum canticis et epistulis. Nos. CV. CVI. CVII.: "De nominae Sanctae Clarae, quae fuit virgo et sanctimonialis prima ordinis Fratrum Minorum. [On the name of Clare who was a virgin and first holy nun of the order of Brothers Minor. Three acrostic verses on Clare's name.] Ugolino de Verini (1442-1505). "Hymnus in laudem sancte Clare editus ab Ugolino Verino, ciui Florentino: Ad virgines novelle Clara." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 12 (1919): 595-9. [The original Ms. is dated 1496. Text is on f.37r-38r. The illluminated border contains a fine miniature of St. Clare] Valles, Florence, O.S.C. "The Way of the Lamb." The Cord 42 (1992).

Zeltmans, Marion, P.C.P.A. "A Psalm of Clare's Prayerfulness." The Cord 43 (1993): 57.
The following are among the many Lauda written in honor of St. Clare:

Alberto de Minori (1385-1450). "Due laudi francescane inedite del saec. XIV ." Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 8 (1915): 338-43. [Two unedited Franciscan Laude from around the 14th century.] Elsheikh, Mahmoud Salem. "Garzo a Santa Chiara." Studi di Filologia Italiana 32 (1947); Due Laudi francescani del 300e un Ternario del 400. Ed. Salvatore Tosti, O.F.M. Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 8 (1915): 337-45. [Two Lauda from the 13th. century and the turn of the 14th. Extracted from 25 pages.] Biblioteca Riccardiana di Firenze, Ms. 1802. "Lauda on St. Clare." [s. XVI, but probably taken from the XIII century.] Jacobi Tudertini (Jacopone). La poesie spirituali del B. Jacopone da Todi. Ed. F. Tresatti. Venice, 1617. Vol. III: 361-364. [Contains a Chiara lauda of 17 verses, based upon the Legend, attributed to Jacopone da Todi, a friar of the 13th. century. Stanzas 1,2,5,9, and 16 are printed in English in St. Clare and Her Order: A Story of Seven centuries, 303-6.] ___. "Poesi scelti di Jacopone da Todi." B. Sorio, Ed. Verona 1858-1860. [A Chiara lauda of 17 verses as above.] ---. Jacopone da Todi: The Lauds. 1230-1306. New York: Paulist Press. [Three verses on Clare, 192.] Poor Clare Nun. St. Clare and Her Order. A story of Seven Centuries. London: Mills and Boon, Ltd., 1912: 303-306. [Contains vss. 1, 2, 5, 9, & 16 of Jacopone's lauda "A Santa Chiara," in both Italian and English.] Vitaletti, Guido. Laudi Spirituali. Fiori di Letturatura ascetica e mistica. Florence: Giulio Gianni e Figlio, 1920. [Contains a composition of 77 verses on Clare. 13th -14th centuries. Possible author is Francisci de Albitiis: "O Santa Chiara, vaso d'Elezione, Specchio di devozione...." See reference: Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 5 (1922): 193.]
SAINT CLARE HONORED THROUGH MUSIC

Armando, Romano. "La compana di S. Damiano." A Franciscan symphony: an artistic representation of the death of St. Francis and of St. Clare. Xilografic illustrations by Bruno of Osimo. Rome/Geneva: Roy Gilbert, The Link Books, 1956. Buchanan, E.S. An Early Latin Song Book. New York: Charles A. Swift, Inc., 1933. [The ancient hymn "O Clara luce clarior," composed in 1260 is printed with all its verses and original Gregorian notation.] Clare International I; Mama Clara II. Wales: Ty Mam Duw - Poor Clare Colettine Community, Hawarden, Deeside, CLWYD CH5 3DS. 1993. De Placker,C., S.J. "Van S. Clara Maeght ende Abdisse." Evangelische Leeuwerick. Antwerp 1682; Franciscaans Leven 39 (1956): 111. Hutmacher, Richard, O.F.M. Clare and Francis: O Let the Faithful People Sing. St. Bonaventure, NY: The Franciscan Institute, 1993. O'Hare, Briege, O.S.C. Taste the Hidden Sweetness: Songs of the Inner Life. Sung by Carmel Boyle. Maynooth, Ireland: A Kairos Production, Divine Word Missionaries, 1988. Respighi, Ottorino. "Il Mattutino di Santa Chiara [Matins of St. Clare]." A composition in honor of St. Clare. Score printed in Vetrate de Chiesa. Ed. G. Ricordi, 1927.
Salusbury, E. The Saints of Assisi. Francis and Clare with Juniper, Giles, Friars Minor. New York: Benziger Brothers, 1926. [Sequence by Pope Alexander sung by his command at Clare's Canonization, a laud in 17 strophies on pages 184-9. An anthem by Jocopone da Todi: "Ave mater humilis.... 190. Also Dante's reference to Clare in Chapter 3 of his Paradiso on page 190.] Santucci, Luigi. Chiara. [A lyrical reconstruction of the night Clare fled from her parental home.] Milan: Instituto di Propaganda Libraria, 1955. Reviewed in L'Italia Francescana 30 (1955): 260. "Stella coeli extirpavit." Manuscript of a medieval hymn. Franciscaans Leven 41 (1958): 121-3. Szövérffy, Joseph. Une Hymne de sainte Claire et Bongiovanni di Cavriana. Aevum 40 (1966): 553-5.

Audio Tapes

Clarefest '93: Word and Image. Presentations at Viterbo College, La Crosse, Wisconsin. Louisville, KY: Veranda Communications, Inc. 1993. Clare of Assisi. A Woman for All Times. Presentations by Elizabeth Dreyer, Ph. D., Regis J. Armstrong, O.F.M.Cap., Mary Francis Hone, O.S.C. at the Washington Theological Union, Maryland, April 19-20, 1991. Cincinnati: St. Anthony Messenger Press Tapes, 1992. [3 tapes] Gagliardi, Clare André, O.S.C. Walking with Clare: Reflections on Her Spirituality. Franciscan Conference 1992. [Reflections delivered at the Franciscan Formation Conference, Loretto College, Toronto, Ontario.] Taste the Hidden Sweetness. Songs of the Inner Life. Briege O'Hare, O.S.C. Texts taken from the letters of St. Clare to Agnes of Prague. Sung by Carmel Boyle. Maynooth, Ireland: A Kairos production, Divine Word Missionaries, 1988. [1 tape]
Video tapes

Carney, Margaret, O.S.F. and André Cirino, O.F.M. Celebrating Clare of Assisi. (Set of three tapes) and Celebrating Clare of Assisi - the Liturgy. (one tape). Philadelphia: Franciscan Spirit and Life Center, 1993. Hodgson, Karen Lee. Clare of Assisi. (A Play in Two Acts.) Clare Productions, P.O. Box 22223. Minneapolis, MN 55422-0223.