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SPIRITUALITY OF SAINT CLARE Clare's Gospel spirituality is being studied today in the new light of her place as mystic

, spiritual Mother of the Franciscan family, and Leader of Women. The following collection offers a guide toward a fuller understanding of her charism within the Church. The Gospel Spirituality of Saint Clare

Anthony, Joseph. "The Spirit of Clare." Tau Review on Franciscanism 2 (1977): 23-33. Barton, Thomas, OSF. "Pilgrimage, Spirituality of Place, and Clare of Assisi." The Cord 47 (1997): 29-36. Berel, A.M. Au creux du rocher. Sainte Claire d'Assisi. Paris: Éditions Franciscaines, 1938. Blasucci, Antonio, O.F.M.Conv. "Chiara di Assisi al secolo XX: Messaggio di amore." Nella luce di S. Francesco. Assisi 1956: 369-82. Bodo, Murray, O.F.M. A Retreat with Francis and Clare of Assisi. Following Our Pilgrim Hearts. Cincinnati, Ohio: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 1996. ---. The Way of St. Francis. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1984. [Clare's spirituality, 3945.] Brady, Ignatius C., O.F.M. Conferences on Saint Clare of Assisi. New York: Franciscan Institute, 1966. Breton, Valentine-Marie, O.F.M. La spiritualité de Sainte Claire. Paris 1953. English: "The Spirituality of St. Clare." Trans. David Temple, O.F.M. Rockford, Il: Poor Clare Nuns, N.D. Italian: "La Spiritualità di Santa Chiara." S. Chiara d'Assisi. Studi e cronaca del VII Centenario. Assisi: Comitatro Centrale per il Centenario Morte S. Chiara, 1953. Carstens, Carol, S.F.O. "Spiritual Mothering." The Cord 1986. Contemporary Reflections on the Spirituality of Clare. Articles by Frances Teresa Downing, Joseph Chinnici, Ignatius Kelly, Margaret E. Guider, Pat Howes, Veronica Namoyo, Elizabeth A. Dreyer, Gillian Clare Amies Jennifer Wild, Brenda Bolton and Paul Gerrard, Edith van den Goorbergh. The Way Supplement 80 (1994).

Daniel-Rops, Henri, O.F.M. "Luce interiore de Chiara." Santa Chiara d'Assisi. Studi e cronaca del VII centenario. Assisi: Comitato Centrale per il VII centenario morte S. Chiara, 1954: 299-310. Dhont, René-Charles, O.F.M. Claire parmi ses soeurs. Paris: Apostolat des Editions Editions Paulines, 1973. English : Clare Among Her Sisters. St. Bonaventure, NY: The Franciscan Institute, 1987. Esser, Kajetan, O.F.M. "St. Clare, Image and Mirror of the Church." Repair My House. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1963. Exuperio [de Prats-de-Mollo]. El Espíritu de Santa Clara. México, D.F.: Editorial RivoTorto, [1953]. Fernández, Juan Meseguer. "`Dechado de religiosas'de Alonso de Balboa, 1501." Archivo Ibero-Americano 42 (1982): 481-507. Godet, Jean-François, O.F.M. "Progetto evangelico di Chiara oggi." Vita Minorum 56 (1985): 198-301. English: "The Gospel Project of Clare today." Trans. Edward Hagman, O.F.M. Greyfriars Review 5 (Supplement, 1991). Hardick, Lothar, O.F.M. "Erlauterungen." Leben und Schriften der hl. Klara von Assisi. Werl/ Westfalia: Dietrich-Coelde Verlag 1952. 127-62. English adaptation: "Studies." The Life and Writings of Saint Clare of Assisi. Ed. Ignatius C. Brady, O.F.M. New York: The Franciscan Institute, 1953. 117-53. ___. Spiritualité de sainte Claire. Trans. Damien Vorreux, O.F.M. Paris: Editions Franciscaines, [1961]; Italian: La spiritualità di S. Chiara. Milan 1965; La Spiritualità di S. Chiara. Commento all'vita agli scritti della Santa. Milan: Edizione Biblioteca Francescana, 1986. Harding, John. "St. Clare of Assisi: a hidden light?" Tau. Review on Franciscanism 5 (1980): 67-76. ___. "Reflection for the Feast of Saint Clare." The Cord (1984.) Hegener, Mark, O.F.M. A series of conferences on St. Clare of Assisi. Franciscan Herald and Forum Jan., Mar., May, July, Sept., Nov. 1953. Holden, Margaret Mary, F.S.P. The Spirituality of Clare of Assisi. Thesis, Fordham University, 1989.

Hone, Mary Francis, O.S.C. "Woman Most Powerful." The Cord 33 (1983): 206-14. ___. "The Refining of the Light: The Way of Purgation in Saint Clare of Assisi." The Cord 36 (1986): 3-15. ___. "Religious Experience in Poor Clare Tradition." The Cord 38 (1988): 199-213. Hutchinson, Gloria. Six Ways to Pray from Six Great Saints. Paterson, NJ: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 1982. [ Clare and Liturgical prayer.] Ilio, Juanita Marie Paul, and Maria Isabel. Praise God by Your Life: An Anthology of the Maxims and Counsels of St. Clare of Assisi. Cebu, Philippines: Oriental Press, 1994. Kourie, Celia. "The Kenotic Mysticism of Clare of Assisi in the Light of Inter-Religious Traditions." Franciscan Digest 6 (1996): 25-39. Lainati, Chiara Augusta, O.S.C. "Una `lectura' de Clara de Asís a través de las fuentes." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 9 (1980): 199-217. Leclercq, Jean. "St. Clare and Nuptial Spirituality." Greyfriars Review 10 (1996): 171-8. Ledwith, O.S.C., Frances. "The Spirit of Saint Clare." Franciscan Institute of Asia Contact 2 (1981): 10-17. Mandelli, G., O.S.C. "Chiara d'Assisi, donna evangelica." Vita Minorum 33 (1991): 6774; 176-85. Maria Elizabetta. "Spiritualità di Chiara." Forma Sororum 22 (1985): 206-14. Spanish: "El Cristo de Santa Clara." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 16 (1987): 52-8. Mary Regina, P.C.C. "The Lord's Prayer in the Spirituality of St. Clare of Assisi." The Cord 44 (1994): 101-06. Murphy, Joan, O.S.C. "Clare: Faithful Follower of Francis." Franciscan Institute of Asia Contact 5 (1984). Poor Clare Colletine. St. Clare of Assisi: A Memorial of her life and a commentary on her virtues. London: Burns, Oates & Washbourne, 1953. [Pamphlet] Raurell, Frederic, O.F.M.Cap. "El `Càntic dels Càntics' in els segles XII-XIII: Lectura de Clara d'Assís." Estudios Franciscanos 9 (1990): 421-559.

Reyes, M. Encarnacion, O.S.C. "The Spiri tual Figure of Saint Clare of Assisi." Franciscan Institute of Asia Contact 3(1981). Roggen, Heribert, O.F.M. Spirit and Life: The Gospel Way of Life in the Writings of St. Francis and St. Clare. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1970. ___. The Spirit of Saint Clare. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1971. Salvi, E.M. "Santa Chiara d'Assisi riverbero della spiritualità francescana." L'Osservatore Romano, April 24, 1953. Scheuring, Lunn M. S.F.O. "Doors on the Journey of Clare." The Cord 1 (1944): 15-23. Schnur, Ward, O.F.M. "St. Clare and the Franciscan Ideal." Round Table of Franciscan Research 18 (1953): 129-39. Schlosser, Marianne. "Madre, Sorella, Sposa: Contributo alla spiritualità si Santa Chiara." Forma Sororum 27 (1990): 419-435; Original German text: Laurentianum 31 (1990): 176-197; English: Greyfriars Review 5 (1991): 233-49. Snyder, Janet, O.S.F. “Clare of Assisi and Beauty.” The Cord 50 (2000): 177-85. Thom, Frances Ann, O.S.F. "Like An Eagle Soaring." The Cord 38 (1988): 193-5. Triviño, María Victoria, O.S.C. "El compartir esponsal de la pobreza de Clara de Asis." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 8 (1979): 392-422. ___. "El amor hasta el extremo de Clara de Asis." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 9 (1980): 219-27. ___. "Compasión de Clara de Asis." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 43 (1986).
The following articles and studies focus upon particular aspects of Clare's spirituality. Also, the section on Clare's writings offers additional references to her spirituality. Christ in Clare's Spirituality

Beha, Marie, O.S.C. “Mirror, Mirror, On the Wall.” The Cord 51(2001): 176-83. Boisonette, Marie-Claire, O.S.C. Le Mystère de la Transfiguration dans le Chemin d'Oraison de Sainte Claire. Halte de Ressourcement Franciscain, 5750 boul. Rosemont, Montréal, Qué. H1T 2H2. [A paper presented at Halte Franciscain 1986.]

Buchanan, Mary Regina, P.C.C. “St. Clare of Assisi: Rooted in the Passion of Christ.” The Cord 50 (2000): 189-91. Elcid, Daniel, O.F.M. Clara de Asis. La hermana ideal de San Francisco. Madrid: Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, 1981. Hardick, Lothar, O.F.M. "Clare and the Following of Christ." The Life and Writings of Saint Clare of Assisi. Trans. Ignatius C. Brady, O.F.M. Adapted by M. Frances. New York: The Franciscan Institute, 1953: 147-154. Hickey, Rita Marie, O.S.C. "Two Aspects of Franciscan Celibacy." The Cord 38 (1988): 218-23. Karper, Mary Seraphim, P.C.P.A. "Clare and the Crucified." The Cord 21 (1971):140-6. Lopez, Sebastian, O.F.M. "La confesion-contemplacion de Jesucristo, Dios y hombre verdadero, en la experiencia cristiana de Francisco y de Clara. Selecciones de Franciscanismo 63 (1992): 402-24. ---. "El seguimento de Jesucristo en la experiencia cristiana de Francisco y Clara." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 64 (1993): 121-37. Mariano da Firenze. "Come sancta Chiara è stata in molti acti et gesti a Christo conforme." Libro delle degnità et excellentie del ordine della seraphica madre delle povere donne Sancta Chiara da Asisi. Assisi: Portiucola Press, 1986: 110-30. Marie-Colette, O.S.C. “St. Clare, an Image of God." Franciscan Digest 3 (1993): 1-28. Mary Bonaventure, P.C.C. "Saint Clare: Paschal Woman." The Cord 38 (1988): 196-8. Mary Ritella, O.S.F. "St. Clare, the Flowering of the Franciscan Ideal." The Cord 8 (1958): 238-47. Mary Seraphim, P.C.P.A. "Clare and the Crucified." The Cord 21 (1971): 140-6. Omaechevarria, Ignacio, O.F.M. "Belén, y el Calvario en la espiritualidad franciscana de las clarisas." Verdad y Vida 31 (1973): 255-9. Peterson, Ingrid, OSF. "Clare of Assisi's Mysticism of the Poor Crucified." Greyfriars Review 9 (1995): 163-192.

Purfield, Brian E., O.F.M. Reflections in the Mirror: The Images of Christ in the Spiritual Life of Saint Clare of Assisi. Thesis. St. Bonaventure University, NY: The Franciscan Institute, 1989. Reidy, Gabriel, O.F.M. "St. Clare." Spirituality through the Centuries. Ascetics and Mystics of the Western Church Series London: Burns and Oates, N.D. Rugero, Catherine A., O.S.F. Christological Images in the Mysticism of Saint Clare of Assisi. Thesis. Berkeley, CA: Graduate Theological Union, 1984. Schlosser, Marianne. "Mutter - Schwester - Braut. Zur Spiritualität der heiligen Klara." Laurentianum 31 (1990): 176-97. English: "Mother, Sister, Bride: The Spirituality of St. Clare." Greyfriars Review 5 (1991): 233-49. Toups, Charlene, O.S.C. "Following the Footsteps of Christ." The Cord 35 (1985): 214-9. Uribe, F. "Cristo en la experiencia y en las enseñanzas de Santa Clara." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 66 (1993): 437-64.
Ecclesial Dimensions of Clare's Spirituality

Armstrong, Regis J., O.F.M.Cap. "Clare of Assisi, the Poor Ladies, and their Ecclesial Mission in the First Life of Thomas of Celano." Greyfriars Review 5 (1991): 389424. Bezunartea, Jesus Maria, O.F.M. Cap. "Santa Clara, evangelizadora evangelico." Cuadernos Franciscanos 27 (1993): 145-9. Esser, Kajetan, O.F.M. "St. Clare, Image and Mirror of the Church." Repair My House. Edited Luc Mely. Translated Michael D. Meilach, O.F.M. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1963: 155-71. Hanus, Jerome, O.S.B. "Clare and Chrism." The Cord 44 (1994): 193-5. Karper, Karen, PCPA. "I Have Kept the Faith: Clare of Assisi." Review for Religious 53 (1993): 275-78. Marie-Aimée of Christ, O.S.C. "Chiara e i Papi." Vita Minorum 33 (1991): 343-65. Thom, Frances Ann, O.S.F. "Saint Clare of Assisi: Parish Mimistry and the Grieving Church." The Cord 39 (1989).

Triviño, M. Victoria, O.S.C. "La misión eclesial de las Damas Pobres." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 66 (1993): 486-502. Verheij, Sigismund. "Vrijmoedige gehoorzaamheid en waakzame eerbied. De houding van Clara ten opzichte van het kerkelijk gezag." Franciscaans Leven 68 (1985): 11628. English: "Personal Awareness of Vocation and Ecclesiastical Authority as Exemplified in St. Clare of Assisi." Trans. Ignatius McCormick, O.F.M. Cap. Greyfriars Review 3 (1989): 35-42.
Eucharist in Clare's Spirituality

Caldecott, Stratford. "St. Clare." The Cord 7 (1987):2 06-10. Drago, Augusto, OFM Conv. "Chiara e l'Eucharistia." Forma Sororum 32 (1995): 138-142. Karper, Mary Seraphim, P.C.P.A. "Clare and the Holy Eucharist." The Cord 21 (1971): 510. Mankuriyil, Cecilia. St. Clare, a Woman of Prayer and Eucharist. Thesis. Rome: Pontificum Athenaeum Antonianum, 1979. Spataro, M. Chiara Miriam, O.S.C. Ed. “Chiara a Mensa come Altera Maria, Donna Eucharistica.” Forma Sororum 41, 5 (2004): 258 -260. Temple, David, O.F.M. "St. Francis and St. Clare, and the Custody of the Eucharist." The Cord 28 (1988): 214-6.
Feminine Dimensions of Clare's Spirituality

Campbell, Barbara Ann, S.F.O., and Gertrude Ann Heiser, S.F.O. "St. Clare of Assisi and a Look at Contemplative Motherhood." The Cord 27 (1987): 212-7. Ciampi, Luke M., O.F.M. "Our Mother Clare: A Reflection." The Cord 27 (1987): 218-23. Downing, Frances Teresa, O.S.C. "Clare, A Woman for Today." The Cord 46 (1996): 16070. Giles, Mary E. “Creativity and Feminism: Clare and Teresa of Avila.” Clare of Assisi: A Medieval and Modern Woman. Clare Centenary Series, 5. St. Bonaventure, NY: The Franciscan Institute, 1996.

Godet, Jean-François, O.F.M. "Claire et la vie au féminin. Symboles de femme dans ses écrits." Laurentianum 31 (1990): 148-75; English: "Clare The Woman, as Seen in Her Writings." Trans. Paul Barrett, O.F.M. Cap. Greyfriars Review 4 (1990): 7-31. ---. Clare of Assisi: A Woman's Life. Symbols of the Feminine in Her Writings. Trans. Edmund F. J. Dougan, O.F.M. Chicago: Haversack, 1991. Godet-Calogeras, Jean-François. Out of the Shadows: Clare and Franciscan Women. Chicago: Haversack, 1994. Hardick, Lothar L., O.F.M., and Mother M. Immaculata, O.S.Cl. "The Modernity of Saint Clare." The Cord 4 (1954): 252-6. Marie Aimée du Christ. "Charisme prophétique de Claire pour la femme de tous les temps." Laurentianum 26 (1985): 865-82. English: "The Charism of St. Clare A Prophecy for Women of Every Age." Translated by Charles Serignat, O.F.M. Cap. Greyfriars Review 1 (1987): 77-91. Mary Seraphim, P.C.P.A. "Feminine and Franciscan." The Francis Book: 800 Years with the Saint from Assisi. Ed. Roy Gasnick, O.F.M. New York: Maximillan Publishing Co., Collier Books, Inc., 1980. 76-9.
Holy Spirit in Clare's Spirituality

Beha, Marie, O.S.C. "Clare's Charism." The Cord 46 (1996): 181-92. Lehmann, Leonhard, O.F.M.Caop. The Importance of the Spirit in the Witings of Francis and Clare of Assisi.” Franciscan Digest 12,2 (2002): 25-64. van Asseldonk, Optatus, O.F.M. Cap. "Lo Spirito Santo negli scritti e nella vita di santa Chiara." Laurentianum 19 (1978): 145-55; Italian: Forma Sororum 15 (1978): 24-37. Spanish: "El Espíritu Santo en los escritos y en la vida de Santa Clara." Selecciones de Franciscanismo 7 (1978): 221-32. English: "The Holy Spirit in the Writings and Life of St. Clare." Trans. Charles Serignat, O.F.M. Cap. Greyfriars Review 1 (1987): 93-104.
Joy in Clare's Spirituality

Chiara Cristina, O.S.C. "Diretto `Alla Giovenezza.'"Vita Minorum 6 (1985): 551-7.

Fabbretti, Nazareno. "Letizia di Santa Chiara." Vita e Pensiero 36 (1953): 391-3. Karper, Mary Seraphim, P.C.P.A. "Clare and Joy." The Cord 21 (1971): 36-40.
Leadership in Clare's Spirituality

Aschmann, Mary Francis, P.C.C. "Creative Spiritual Leadership as Outlined by Saint Clare." The Cord 34 (1984): 197-204. Beha, Marie, O.S.C. "Clare of Assisi: Her Leadership Role." Review for Religious 54 (1995): 100-12. Danielle, Julian, FMIC. “Clare’s Model of leadership.” The Cord 51(2001): 184-98. Karper, Karen, P.C.P.A. "Clare of Assisi: Spiritual Guide." Review for Religious 48 (1989): 751-9. Karecki, Madge, S.S.J., T.O R. "Clare, An Enabling Leader." The Cord 38 (1987): 195-201. ---. "Clare and Conflict." The Cord 43 (1993). van Asseldonc, Optatus, O.F.M. "Chiara, donna di divina discrezione cristiana." Italia Francescana 62(1987):485-494. (Third letter, 29-42)
Mary in Clare's Spirituality

Laughlin, M. Frances, S.M.I.C. "The Footprint of the Mother of God." The Cord 3 (1953): 222-28. Mariano da Firenze. "Come sancta Chiara hebbe alcuna conformità con la vergine Maria." Libro delle degnità et excellentie del ordine della seraphica madre delle povere donne Sancta Chiara da Asisi. Assisi: Portiucola Press, 1986: 130-5. van Asseldonk, Optatus, O.F.M. Una spiritualità per domani. Maria, Francesco, e Chiara. (Col. Dimensioni Spirituali, II) Rome: Ed. Laurentianum, 1989.
Mysticism in Clare's Spirituality

Armstrong, Regis J., O.F.M.Cap. "Clare of Assisi: The Mirror Mystic." The Cord 35 (1985): 195-202.

Casolini, Fausta. Speculum sine turbine clarum: S. Chiara d'Assisi. Milan: 1927; Chiara d'Assisi; Relucente Specchio. Assisi: Cenacolo Francescano di S. Antonio, 1953. Delio, Ilia, O.S.F. Clare of Assisi: A Heart full of Love. Cincinnati, OH: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2007. Downing, Frances Teresa, O.S.C. This Living Mirror: Reflections on Clare of Assisi. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1995. Dozzi, Dino D. "Chiara e lo specchio." Laurentianum 1-2 (1990): 310-41. Prini, Pietro. "St. Francis and St. Clare in the Medieval Mysticism of Love." Greyfriars Review 11 (1997): 301-9.
Missionary Dimension of Clare's Spirituality

Carney, Margaret, O.S.F. "Clare and the Franciscan Missionary Charism." Franciscan Digest 5 (1995): 39-55. Matanic, A. "Instanza apostolica nell'esperenzia e negli scritti di Santa Chiara." Frate Francesco 59 (1992): 6-16. O'Hare, Briege, O.S.C. "The Participation of the Poor Clares in the Franciscan Missionary Charism." Franciscan Digest 5 (1995): 61-75. Roggen, Heribert. Spirit and Life: the Gospel Way of Life in the Writings of St. Francis and St. Clare. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1970.
Clare's Personality as Expressed Through Her Spirituality

Christina, Sister. "Some Reflections on the Personality of St. Clare." Translated Patrick Colbourne. Greyfriars Review 2 (1988): 57-63. Robinson, Paschal, O.F.M. "The Personality of St. Clare." Catholic University Bulletin 18 (1912): 483-95.
Poverty in Clare's Spirituality

Hart, Fidelis, O.S.C. "Following in the Footprints of the Poor Christ: Clare's Spirituality." Medieval Religious Women: Peaceweavers. Ed. Lillian Thoman Shank and John A. Nichols. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1987. Hone, M. Francis, O.S.C. "Everything After God: Living the Spirit of Clare in Today's World." Spirit and Life 1 (1991): 73-91. Karecki, Madge, O.S.F. "Clare: Poverty and Contemplation in Her Life and Writings." Medieval Religious Women: Peaceweavers. Ed. Lillian Thomas Shank and John A. Nichols. Kalamazoo, MI: Cistercian Publications, 1987. Karper, Mary Seraphim, P.C.P.A. "Clare and Poverty." The Cord 21 (1971): 100-6.
Prayer in Clare's Spirituality

Beha, Marie, O.S.C. Clare’s Prayer: Office of the Passion.” The Cord 50 (2000): 166-74. Boisonette, Marie-Claire, O.S.C. Oraison d'apres les Écrits de Sainte Claire et les Témoignages de sa vie. Valleyfield, Québec: Monastère Sainte Claire. A paper presented at Halte Franciscain 1986. ___. Foi-Contemplation dans la vie et les écrits de sainte Claire. A paper presented at Halte Franciscain 1985. Downing, Francis Térèsa, O.S.C. "Prayer in the Letters of St. Clare." The Cord 39 (1989): 213-20. Mary Helen, O.S.C. "St. Clare and Prayer." The Cord 32 (1982). Schneider, Herbert, O.F.M. Gelebte Kontemplation mit Klara von Assisi. Germany: Johannes-Verlag Leutesdorf, 1993. English: Contemplation in the Spirit of Clare of Assisi. Rome: Curia Generale dei Frati Minori, 1994. van den Goorbergh, Edith, O.S.C. "Clare's Prayer As a Spiritual Journey." Greyfriars Review 10 (1996): 283-92. Zeltmans, Marion, P.C.P.A. "A Psalm of Clare's Prayerfulness." The Cord 43 (1993): 57. [A poem.]
Study in Clare's Spirituality

Bartoli, Marco. "La Pedagogia di santa Chiara." Forma Sororum 35 (1989): 322-335.

Knox, Leslie. "Clare of Assisi and Learning." The Cord 46 (1996): 171-79.
Vocation of St. Clare

Aschmann, Mary Francis, P.C.C. "Clare: Mirror of Humanism." The Cord 44 (1994): 196204. Beha, Marie, O.S.C. "The Vocation of Clare of Assisi." The Cord 45 (1995): 7-15. Hardick, Lothar, O.F.M. “The Modernity of St. Clare.” The Cord 50 (2000): 186-8. Marie-Aimee du Christ, O.S.C. "The Charism of St. Clare: A Prophecy for Women of Every Age." Trans. Charles Serignat, O.F.M. Greyfriars Review 1 (1987). Omaechevarria, Ignacio, O.F.M. “Espíritu misíonero de Santa Clara.” Misiones Franc. 37 (1953): 343-7. Pierce, Maryalice, O.S.C. "Clare, Light for the Future." The Cord 46 (1996): 193-99. Roggen, Heribert. The Spirit of St. Clare. Chicago: Franciscan Herald Press, 1971. Thom, Frances Ann, O.S.C. "How Radical was St. Clare?" The Cord 7 (1987): 202-5. Verheij, Sigismund. "Persönliches Berufungsbewusstsein und kirchliche Autorität am Beispiel der Klara von Assisi." Franziskanische Studien 69 (1987): 79-87. English: "Personal Awareness of Vocation and Ecclesial Authority as Exemplified in St. Clare of Assisi." Trans. Ignatius McCormick, O.F.M.Cap. Greyfriars Review 3 (1989): 35-42. Zehringer, William C. "'This Dark Mystery: 'The Franciscan Vocation of Saint Clare of Assisi." The Cord 43 (1993): 276-84.