Amity University Rajasthan

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What is a transmission line? • Uniform transmission line is one which has its electrical parameters remaining constant along its length of the line. • Electrical parameters of lines are R-L-C-G (ResistanceInductance-Capacitance-Conductance). • In which voltage to current ratio does not vary with distance if the line is terminated in its characteristics impedance. • These parameters are defined per unit length of the conductor and are called Primary constants of the line.Transmission Line Def. – A transmission line basically consists of 2 or more parallel conductors used to connect a source to a load. Amity University Rajasthan .

• In most cases.Uses of Transmission lines:- • To transfer the energy or signal from the transmitter to the receiver. of Transmission lines are:      Parallel wires Twisted pair wires Ribbon type Co-axial cables Micro-strip lines Wave guides Amity University Rajasthan .g. • It acts as communication media. • Few e. transmission lines are metallic conductors.

REASONS FOR AC GENERATION AND TRANSMISSION Due to ease of transformation of voltage levels and rough collector cage motors. ALTERNATING CURRENT is universally utilised. Generators are at distant places. To reach the loads at homes/industry at required safe levels. Both for GENERATION and LOADS and hence for TRANSMISSION. transformers step down voltage. the load centers They are either PIT HEAD THERMAL or HYDEL Turbines drive synchronous generators giving an output at 15-25 kV. away from the populated areas i. Amity University Rajasthan .e.

COMPARISION OF HVAC & HVDC SYSTEMS – CONVENTIONALLY POWER TRANSMISSION IS EFFECTED THROUGH HVAC SYSTEMS ALL OVER THE WORLD. OVER/LOW VOLTAGES DURING LIGHTLY / OVER LOADED CONDITIONS.FAULT ISOLATION ETC – CONSIDERING THE DISADVANTAGES OF HVAC SYSTEM AND THE ADVANTAGES OF HVDC TRANSMISSION . – HVAC TRANSMISSION IS HAVING SEVER LIMITATIONS LIKE LINE LENGTH . Amity University Rajasthan . POWERGRID HAS CHOOSEN HVDC TRANSMISSION FOR TRANSFERRING 2000 MW . UNCONTROLLED POWER FLOW.STABILITY PROBLEMS.

ADVANTAGES OF HVDC OVER HVAC TRANSMISSION – CONTROLLED POWER – ASYNCHRONOUS OPERATION POSSIBLE BETWEEN REGIONS HAVING DIFFERENT ELECTRICAL PARAMETERS – NO RESTRICTION ON LINE LENGTH AS NO REACTANCE IN DC LINES Amity University Rajasthan .

Amity University Rajasthan .

COST: AC vs DC Transmission Line Cost AC Line Cost DC Terminal Cost DC Terminal Cost AC Break Even Distance .

HVDC IN INDIA Back-to-Back HVDC LINK CONNECTING CAPACITY REGION (MW) Vindyachal Chandrapur Vizag – I Sasaram Vizag – II North – West West – South East – South East – North East – South Amity University Rajasthan 2 x 250 2 x 500 500 500 500 .

BASIC PRINCIPLES OF HVDC TRANSMISSION .

Amity University Rajasthan .

Amity University Rajasthan .

Amity University Rajasthan .

Amity University Rajasthan .

Amity University Rajasthan .

battery systems and vastly in railway. DC AS A MEANS OF TRANSMISSION This has been possible with beginning of High power/ high current capability thyristor. & Fast acting computerized controls Amity University Rajasthan .USE OF DC Direct current is put to use in common life for driving our portable devices. UPSs.

Transmit DC 3. Convert AC into DC (rectifier) 2. The following are three basic steps:1.If DC is required to be used for transmission & since our primary source of power is A. Convert DC into AC ( inverter) Amity University Rajasthan .C.

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