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GEOTECHNICAL AND FOUNDATION FORMULA SHEET

Table Contents
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2. IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL AND ROCK HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES OF SOIL AND ROCK EFFECTIVE STRESS AND SEEPAGE PRESSURE SEEPAGE OF WATER THROUGH SOILS COMPRESSIBILITY OF SOIL AND ROCK STRENGTH OF SOIL AND ROCK ENGINEERING GEOLOGY OF THE ROCKS AND SOIL ENGINEERING SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION SHALLOW FOUNDATION FOOTING AND RAFT DEEP FOUNDATION PILES AND PIERS RETAINING STRUCTURES

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4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

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IDENTIFICATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF SOIL AND ROCK 1. 13. 14. The Coefficient of uniformity, WATER CONTENT, BULK DENSITY, Cu = D60/D10 w =Ww / Ws = W/V = Gs ( 1+w ) w /(1 + e) = (Gs + Sr e ) w /(1 + e) HYDRAULIC PROPERTIES OF SOIL AND ROCK 29. DISCHARGE VELOCITY, q =VA=kiA , discharge, v =ki ; k = Coefficient of permeability i = h/L head loss over length of flow path V= ki = q/A = q/Ta=Q/At, Confined Aquifer 40. Partially Penetrating Coefficient of Permeability, k = [2.303 q Log10(r1/r2)] / 2D(h1/h2)G, G = W/D [(1 +7 (rw/2W) cos(W/2D)] W= Partially Penetrating depth rw = Radius of the well EFFECTIVE STRESS AND SEEPAGE PRESSURE No flow condition, Total vertical pressure, Pore water pressure, Effective vertical pressure,

42. 43. 44.

p = H0 w + z sat uw = H0 w + z w = p- uw = z(sat -w) = Z z = certain depth of the soil

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Settlement,

S= Cc H [log(p0+p)/ p0] / (1+ e0), For p0= pc, normal consolidated clay p0= Effective overberden pressure pc = Preconsolidation pressure

SHALLOW FOUNDATION FOOTING AND RAFT 87. Ultimate Bearing Capacity, qd= cNc +DfNq + 0.5BN For Continuous footing C= Cohesion = Unit wt. Of soil Df= Depth of foundation B = Width of foundation N,Nc, Nq = Bearing capacity factor Retaining wall Factor of Safety, F.S= (d 2t tan ) /(h /'v)A, k= h /'v A= Area of surface of the wall, t=thickness of wall, d=required cantilever or penetration depth of the wall

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