3rd Edition. Solution Manual, Chapter 1
Chapter 1
General: The goal of these problems are to reinforce the definitions and provide an
understanding of the mole balances of the different types of reactors. It lays the
foundation for step 1 of the algorithm in Chapter 4.
Pll. This problem might encourage students to get in the habit of writing down
what they learned from each chapter.
Pl2. Small openended question from which one could choose one or two parts.
Parts (a), (b) or (e) are recommended.
Pl3. This problem use Example 13 to calculate a CSTR volume. It is straight
forward and gives the student an idea of things to come in terms of sizing
reactors in chapter 4. An alternative to PIII and PI12.
Pl4. Alternative to Pl3, PIII, and PI12. See Pl3 above.
Problems PI5, PI6, and PI7 review the definitions given in the chapter.
. PlS. This problem can be assigned to just be read and not necessarily to be
worked. It will give students a flavor of the top selling chemicals and top
chemical companies.
Pl9. This problem will be useful when the table is completed and the students
can refer back to it in later chapters. Answers to this problem can be found
on Professor Susan Montgomery's equipment module on the CDROM. See
Pl17.
Many students like this straight forward problem because they see how CRE
principles can be applied to an everyday example. It is often assigned as an
in class problem and part (g) is usually omitted.
Problems Plll and PI12 show a bit of things to come in terms of reactor sizing.
Can be rotated from year to year with PI3 and PI4. See Pl3 above.
Pl13. Asks for details of operation of an industrial reactor.
Pl14. Encourages and requires the student to go outside the text for information
related to CRE. May be a bit early in the text to assign this problem.
Pl15. Encourages and requires using other sources to obtain information.
Pl16. Encourages using other sources to obtain information.

. Pl17. I strongly recommend this problem be assigned. It can be used in
~ conjunction with Problem Pl9. Professor Susan Montgomery has done a
c
i
~ p.11
~
.
; 3rd Edition. Solution Manual, Chapter 1 3rd Editi
great job pulling together the material on real reactors in her equipment Alternat
module on the CDROM. lr1
pJ
PIIS. I always assign this problem so that the students will learn how to use as
POL YMA TH/MatLab before needing it for chemical reaction engineering
problems. lime.
AI
Pl19. As the WWW becomes more developed, it may be more and more prl
im
portant to assi
gn this Problem.
Difficult
CDPlA Similar to problems 3,4,11, and 12. SJ
~
CDPlB Points out difference in rate per unit liquid volume and rate per reactor
volume. K
M
Summar~ 0
Solution .
Assigned Alternates Difficul~ Iimg. Civen Note th
P11 a No
. . Pl2(b) AA 2(a),2(d),2(e) SF 15 c&d Yes
. Pl3 AA 3,4,11,12,A. FSF 30 Yes
I Pl4 AA 3,4,11,12,A FSF 30 Yes
Pl5 I Yes
PI6 I Yes
PI7 I Yes
. PI8  Read Only SF 5 Yes
PI9 0 Yes
PI10 0 FSF 60 Yes
P111 AA 3,4,11,12,A FSF 30 Yes
PI12 AA 3,4,11,12,A FSF 30 Yes
PI13 I Yes i
Pl14 SIC No
Pl15 SIC Partial [
.;
Pl16 SIC Partial
. Pl17 SF 45 No
. Pl1S SF 60 Yes ~
PI19 I No ~
,
CDPIA AA 3,4,11,12,A FSF 30 ~
CDPIB I FSF 30 t
Assi gneg
, . = Always assigned, AA = Always assign one from the group of alternates, .
0 = Often, I = Infrequently, S = Seldom, G = Graduate level iJ
. I
~
p.12 ~
~rd Edition, Solution Manual, Chapter 1
.
her equipment Alternates
In problems that have a dot in conjunction with AA means that one of the
problem, either the problem with a dot or anyone of the alternates are always
1m how to use assigned.
on engineering
~
Approximate time in minutes it would take a B/B+ student to solve the
lore and more problem.
Qifficult~
SF = Straight forward reinforcement of principles (plug and chug)
FSF = Fairly straight forward (requires some manipulation of equations or an
rate per reactor intermediate calculation).
IC = Intermediate calculation required
M = More difficult
OE = Some parts openended.
Solution
Given "Note the letter problems are found on the CDROM. For example A = CDPIA.
No
c&d Yes
Yes Summary Table Ch1
Yes
4:s Review of Definitions and 1,5,6,7,8,9
s Assumptions
es
Yes Introduction to the CDROM 17,18,A
Yes
Yes Make a calculation 10,11,12,13
Yes
Yes Openended 14,15,16
Yes
No Straight forward 2(b),3,13
Partial
Partial Fairly straight forward 4,11,12,B
No
Yes More difficult 10
No
f alternates,
p.13
.
~~
~:
 ,
18
Chapter 1
EJ.:.1 No solution will be given.
~
(a) Reactants might not be hot enough to react.
(b) Plot Cost vs. Volume on loglog paper. Use this graph to generate an equation for
cost as a function of volume.
In (Cost) Ys. In (Volume)
13
.
12 c
i' 11 ~
e f
U I:
'" . io
c 10
.  9 Y = 0.2901x + 9.4932
8
0 2 4 6 8 10
In (Volume) PI4
From this we generate the equation: Cost = 13, 270(V)°.29
We can use this equation to fmd the desired prices: t
For a 6000 gallon reactor: Cost = 13,270(6000)°.29 = $165,400 .
For a 15,000 gallon reactor: Cost = 13,270(15,<xx»0.29 = $215,740
(c) V = .!Q.~~~ ln~ L = 300.3dm3
0.23 rom 0.00 1 C Ao
(d) For Constant Pressure:
rA=~~=~~~=~+~~ I
V dt V dt dt V dt ~
dC C I
rA =~+ A wtV.cos(wt) ..
dt Vo +VJsin(wt) !ij
(e) He/She might not be able to respond to a malfunction if he/she became injured, and
. no one would be there to come to his/her aid.
ILf