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# WATER INFLUX-TEKRES

WATER INFLUX
• Sebagai respon thd pressure drop in reservoir,
aquifer bereaksi untuk memperlambat
penurunan pressure dg water influx atau
encroachment melalui:
1. expansion of water
2. expansion of other known or unknown HC
accumulation in aquifer
3. Compressibility of aquifer rock
4. artesian flow, yaitu ketika aquifer naik
• Havlena and Odeh menemukan cara u/
menentukan jumlah water influx melalui
material balance calculation
asumsi: water drive reservoir, no original gas
cap, and negligible compressibilities.
We NEo F + · or
Eo
We
N
Eo
F
+ ·
Eo:expansion of oil, F:net production
Plot: F/Eo vs We/Eo, dg intercept N
• Model-model penentuan Water Influx:
a. Edge Water Drive Model
b. Botom Water Drive Model
• STEADY STATE MODEL (oleh: Schilthuis):
 rate of We: dWe/dt proporsional dengan
(Pi – P), dimana P dihitung pada original
WOC
 asumsi: P dari external boundary of
aquifer dijaga tetap = Pi, Flow mengikuti
Darcy’s Law, µw, kavg dan aquifer geometry
konstant, shg scr matematik:
( )

− ·
t
0
dt P Pi C We <
1
( ) P Pi C
t
We
− ·

< 2
C:water influx constant(bbl/day-psi), diperoleh
dari history of the reservoir.
 Jika pada long periode the rate of
production and reservoir pressure remain
constant, maka volumetric withrawal rate,
or reservoir voidage rate, must equal the
water influx rate:
1
1
1
]
1

¸

+
1
1
1
]
1

¸

+
1
1
1
]
1

¸

·
voidage
volumetric
water of rate
voidage
volumetric gas
free of Rate
voidage
volumetric oil
active of Rate
dt
dWe
dalam sigle phase
oil volume factor:
Bw
dt
dWp
Bg
dt
dNp
) Rso R (
dt
dNp
Bo
dt
dWe
+ − + ·
dNp/dt(STB/day): dayly oil rate;
(R-Rso)dNp/dt(SCF/day): dayly gas rate.
dalam two fase oil volume factor:
Bw
dt
dWp
Bg
dt
dNp
) Rsoi R (
dt
dNp
Bt
dt
dWe
+ − + ·
dg Bt = [Bo + (Rsoi – Rso) Bg] <
6
 dWe/dt bisa dicari dari pers (4) or (5), shg
C bisa didapat dari pers.(2)
 Jika Pressure stabil dan withrawal rate are
not reasonably constant, maka:
p w g p soi p p t
W B B ) N R G ( N B We ∆ + ∆ − ∆ + ∆ ·
∆Gp, ∆Np, ∆Wp: produksi gas, oil, dan water
dalam satuan surface.
( ) Ps Pi t
We
C
− ∆

·
<
8 ; Ps: Pstabilized
Bt, Bg dihitung pada kondisi Ps.
 Contoh kasus:
Data: Pi (psig); Ps(Psig); Bt, Bg @ Ps
(cuft/STB); Rsoi(scf/stb); R(scf/STB);
dNp/dt(STB/day); dWp/dt (STB/day)
Tentukan: water influx constant at
stabilized pressure
Dayly Voidage at Ps:
1 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
Bw
dt
dWp
Bg
dt
dNp
) Rsoi R (
dt
dNp
Bt
dt
dV
+ − + ·
pada stabilized condision dV/dt = water
influx rate
( ) Ps Pi C
dt
dV
dt
dWe
− · ·
< 10
) Ps Pi (
dt / dWe
C

·
cuft/day/psi <
11
misal C = 1000 cuft/day/psi, artinya:
jika reservoir pressure tiba-tiba drop dari
1990) atau ∆P=10 psi selama ∆t(misalnya
10 days) shg selama periode ini:
∆We1 = C ∆P ∆t = 1000 * 10 * 10
=1000000 cuft
jika 10 hari lagi P drop menjadi 2255 psi
(∆P=20 psi), maka ∆We2 = 1000 * 20 * 20
= 400000 cuft
maka: selama 20 hari kumulative water
influx:
We = ∆We1 + ∆We2
scr matematis:

∆ − · − ·
t
0
t
0
t ) P Pi ( dt ) P Pi ( C We
< 12
bertambahnya jarak perjalanan yang
harus ditempuh water ke reservoir karena
naiknya reservoir. shg dimodifikasi oleh
( )
( )

·
t
0
at log
dt P Pi
C We
<
13
( )
) at log(
P Pi C
t
We −
·

< 14
a:time conversion constant yg merupakan
fungsi time
Namun, metode Hurst ini jarang dipakai.
• EDGE WATER DRIVE MODEL (Van
Evardingen & Hurst):
 Edge water drive artinya water influx
melalui samping reservoir (WOC at rR) dan
mengabaikan influx water secara vertical.
 asumsi: ketebalan uniform, k, φ, crock, cwater
konstant. shg persamaan diffisivity:
t
P
k 0002637 . 0
c
r
P
r
1
r
P
T
2
2

∂ φµ
·

+

< 15
 Van Evardingen & Hurst solved pers.
diffusivitas tsb dan memberikan:
Initial Condition:
P = Pi for all value of r
Outer Boundary condition
For infinite aquifer:
P = Pi at r = ∞
For finite aquifer:
0
r
P
·

at r = re
shg diffusivity eq dalam dimensionless
variable:
2
R T
D
r c
t k
0002637 . 0 t
φµ
·
< 16
R D
r / r r · <
17
Pwf Pi
P Pi
P
D

·
< 18
D
D
D
D
D
2
D
D
2
t
P
r
P
r
1
r
P

·

+

< 19
Tabel 8.1 hal: 284, Craft H, menyajikan
harga WeD tiap tD
D
We P ' B We ∆ ·
< 20
360
h r c 119 . 1 ' B
2
R T
α
φ ·
< 21
B’(bbl/Psi): water influx constant
α: sudut circular dari reservoir, untuk full
circle = 360
0
untuk semicircular = 180
0
 Contoh Kasus 1
Data : re (ft); rR(ft); k(md); φ; ct (psi
-1
) ; µ (cp);
h (ft); θ (
0
)
Prosedur :
1.
360
. h . r . c . * 119 . 1 ' B
2
R t
θ
φ ·
B/psi
2.
t
r . c . .
k
0002637 . 0 t
2
R t
D
µ φ
·
t : in hour
3.
R
D
r
re
' r ·
4. menentukan ∆P
a. jika diketahui data P initial dan lowered P
maka ∆P konstan :
∆P = Pinitial – P
2 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
b. jika diketahui harga P untuk tiap t maka
∆P tidak konstan :
∆P0 = 0
∆P1 = ½(P0 – P1)
∆P2 = ½(P0 – P2)
∆P3 = ½(P1 – P3)
∆Pn = ½(Pn-2 – Pn)
5. t . A t
D
·
6. Wed = f(tD ) table 8.1 craft hal 284
Wed = f(re/rR) table 12-1 smith tracy hal 12-
25
7.
n
D n
n
We . P '. B We ∆ ·
8. We kumulatif sampai Pn =

·
N
1 n
n
We
NB : B’ = Cv
R = r’D = re/rR
re = ra = aquifer and reservoir area
rR = reservoir oil area
WeD = Q(tD)
 Contoh kasus 2
Data: φ = 0.209; k = 275 md (merupakan
kavg dan asumsi sama dg kaquifer); µ = 0.25
cp; cT = 6.10
-6
; h = 19.2 ft; Area reservoir =
1216 acre; perkiraan Area aquifer =
250000 acre; α = 180
0
. see gambar.
Tentukan Water influx pada 3 dan 4
periode setelah produksi. diket: 1 periode
= 4 bulan
Solusi:
1. Jari-jari reservoir
A = ½ π rR
2
rR
2
= 2A/π
rR = (2 x 1216 x 43560 / 3.14)
0.5
= 5807
ft
2. Menentukan dimensionless time
u/ t = 1periode (=4 bulan = (360/4) =
91.3 days
t
r . c . .
k
0002637 . 0 t
2
R t
D
µ φ
·
2 6
D
5807 x 10 x 6 x 25 . 0 x 209 . 0
3 . 91 x 275
0002637 . 0 t

·
tD = 15.0
harga tD pada periode lainnya lihat di
tabel 1.
3. menentukan koefisien water influx
360
. h . r . c . * 119 . 1 ' B
2
R t
θ
φ ·
360
180
. x 2 . 19 x 5807 x 10 x 6 x 209 . 0 x 119 . 1 ' B
2 6 −
·
B’ = 455 bbl/psi
4. menentukan dimensionles kumulative
water influx
karena Aaquifer dibanding Areservoir =
250000/1216 = 206 kali (sangat besar)
shg dianggap infinite aquifer. shg bisa
dipakai tabel 8.1 craft H.
WeD = f (tD) tabel 8.1
u/ t = 91.3 days, WeD = 10.0
harga WeD yg lain lihat tabel 1
5. menentukan step pressure
data Pavg reservoir tiap period disajikan
di tabel 1
∆P0 = ½ (PBi – PB0) = ½ (3793 – 3793)
= 0
∆P1 = ½ (PBi – PB1) = ½ (3793 – 3788)
= 2.5
∆P2 = ½ (PB1 – PB2) = ½ (3793 –
3774) = 9.5
∆P3 = ½ (PB1 – PB3) = ½ (3788 –
3748) = 20.0
∆P4 = ½ (PB2 – PB4) = ½ (3774 –
3709) = 32.5
∆Pn = ½ (PBn-2 – PBn)  u/ n≥3
6. Tabel 1
period t tD WeD Pavg, Preservoir PB, Pboundary ∆P
0 0.0 0 0.0 3793 3793 0.0
1 91.3 15 10.0 3786 3788 2.5
2 182.5 30 16.7 3768 3774 9.5
3 273.8 45 22.9 3739 3748 20.0
4 365.0 60 28.7 3699 3709 32.5
5 456.3 75 34.3 3657 3680 34.0
6 547.5 90 39.6 3613 3643 33.0
7. menentukan We pada 3 bulan
pertama

∆ ·
D
We P ' B We
superposisi
saat periode 1, 2, 3
We = 455(2.5x22.9+9.5x16.7+20x10)
We = 189234.5 bbl
8. menentukan We pada 4 bulan
pertama
saat periode 1, 2, 3, 4
We =
455(2.5x28.7+9.5x22.9+20x16.7+32.5
x10)
We = 431476.5 bbl
 Contoh kasus 3
Suatu reservoir memiliki edge water drive,
diproduksi melalui 6 sumur. Dari keenam
sumur hanya dua sumur (# 1 dan # 6) yang
WOC pada 6250 ft Dibawah Permukaan Laut
3 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
(DPL). Sumur 2, 3, 4, 5 diperforasi setebal
zona minyak, sedangkan sumur 1 dan 6 yang
menembus WOC diperforasi setebal ½ kali
tebal zona minyakyang ditembus. Berikut data
puncak dan dasar dari lapisan reservoirnya :
puncak lapiasan Dasar lapisan
(ft.DPL) (ft.DPL)
1 6220 6300
2 6170 6220
3 6100 6160
4 6000 6060
5 6120 6200
6 6200 6288
Sumur No
DPL : Dibawah Permukaan Laut
Setelah produksi beberapa saat WOC yang
baru berada 90 ft diatas WOC awal.
Tentukan

sumur perforasi tebal
baru WOC dibawah perforasi tebal
Harga ini dapat digunakan dlm menentukan
(ho/hw)
Solusi :
1. menentukan ketebalan perforasi
Untuk sumur 1 & 6
t = ½(WOClama – Puncak lapisan)
t1 = ½(6250 – 6220) = 15 ft dg puncak
perforasi di 6220 ft
t6 = ½(6250 - 6200) = 25 ft dg puncak
perforasi di 6200 ft
Untuk sumur 2,3,4,5
t = dasar lapisan – puncak lapisan
t2 = 6220 – 6170 = 50 ft dg puncak
perforasi di 6170 ft
t3 = 6160 – 6100 = 60 ft dg puncak
perforasi di 6100 ft
t4 = 6060 – 6000 = 60 ft dg puncak
perforasi di 6000 ft
t5 = 6200 – 6120 = 80 ft dg puncak
perforasi di 6120 ft

+ + + + + ·
6 5 4 3 2 1
t t t t t t perforasi tebal

· + + + + + · 290 25 80 60 60 50 15 perforasi tebal
ft
2. menentukan tebal perforasi dibawah WOC
baru
WOC baru = WOC lama -90 ft = 6250 – 90
= 6160 ft
Untuk : Dp : kedalaman puncak perforasi
Dd : kedalaman dasar perforasi
DWOC : kedalaman WOC baru
Sumur 1 : Dp > Dd > DWOC H1 = t1 = 15 ft
Sumur 2 : Dd > Dp > DWOC  H2 = t2 = 50 ft
Sumur 3 : Dd = DWOC > Dp  H3 = 0 ft
Sumur 4 : DWOC > Dd > Dp  H4 = 0 ft
Sumur 5 : Dd > DWOC > Dp  H5 = DWOC – DP
= 6160 – 6120 = 40 ft
Sumur 6 : Dd > Dp > DWOC  H6 = t6 = 25 ft

+ + + + + ·
6 5 4 3 2 1 baru
H H H H H H WOC dibawah perforasi tebal

· + + + + + · 130 25 40 0 0 50 15 WOC dibawah perforasi tebal
baru

ft
3.

sumur perforasi tebal
baru WOC dibawah perforasi tebal
= 45 . 0
290
130
·
• BOTTOM WATER DRIVE MODEL
 Coats, Allard and Chen memodifikasi pers
diffusivitas jika terdapat water influx yg
significant dari arah vertical (bottom):
t
P
k 0002637 . 0
c
z
P
F
r
P
r
1
r
P
T
2
2
k
2
2

∂ φµ
·

+

+

< 22
Fk:ratio of vertical to horizontal permeability
 dalam dimensionless variable pers(22)
D
D
2
D
D
2
D
D
D
2
D
D
2
t
P
z
P
r
P
r
1
r
P

·

+

+

< 23
2 / 1
k R
D
F r
z
z ·

< 24
h v k
k / k F ·
< 25
h r c 119 . 1 ' B
2
R T
φ ·
< 26
D
We P ' B We ∆ ·
6 . 8 tabel ) ' z , ' r ( f We
D D D
·
-8.10 craft, hal 302
 Contoh Kasus:
Data : rR (ft); re (ft); h (ft ); Fk ; µw(cp); k
(md); φ; ct (psi
-1
); θ (
0
)
Prosedure :
1.
R
D
r
re
' r ·
2.
2
1
k R
D
F . r
h
' z ·
3.
t
r . c . .
k
0002637 . 0 t
2
R t
D
µ φ
·
t : in hour
4.
360
. h . r . c . * 119 . 1 ' B
2
R t
θ
φ ·
B/psi
5. t . A t
D
·
4 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
6. Wed = f ( z’D , tD ) table 8.6 craft H.
interpolasi
7. ∆P0 = 0
∆P1 = ½(P0 - P1)
∆P2 = ½(P0 – P2)
∆P3 = ½(P1 – P3)
∆Pn = ½(Pn – 2 – Pn)
8. ∑
∆ · ) t ( We * P ' B We
D D
superposisi
9. Tabelkan : tD , WeD; ∆P; We
• LIBP and SIBP Methode
Data : rr (ft) ; R (ra/rr); θ (
0
); φ ; ct (psi
-1
); k (md);
h (ft); µw (cp); ∆t (year)
Prosedure :
1. aquifer capacity
[ ]
6146 . 5
. c . h
rr ra
360
U
t 2 2
φ

θ
π ·
(RB/psi) ra = R.rr
2.
1 R
4
2

3. Dimensionless time
2
r t
D
r . c . .
t . k
309 . 2 t
µ φ

· ∆
4. Tabel B-1
Input : R , m
Output : am
2
; Hm
5.
m
t . a
X e
D
2
m
·
∆ −
[ ] [ ]
m
D
2
m
m m
D
2
m
t . am
m
Y
t a
X 1 H
t . a
e 1 H
D
2
·

·

∆ −
*
1
t . a
X e
D
2
1
·
∆ −
[ ] [ ]
1
D
2
1
1 1
D
2
1
t . 1 a
1
Y
t a
X 1 H
t . a
e 1 H
D
2
·

·

∆ −
*
2
t . a
X e
D
2
2
·
∆ −
[ ] [ ]
2
2
2
1 2
2
2
. 2
2
1
.
1
2
Y
t a
X H
t a
e H
D D
t a
D
·

·

∆ −
* dst untuk m selanjutnya
LIBP
6. ∆PLI untuk n ttt
@ n = 0  ∆PLI = --
@ n = n  ∆PLI = Ps
n
– Ps
n-1
@ n = 1  ∆PLI = Ps
1
– Ps
0
@ n = 2  ∆PLI = Ps
2
– Ps
1
7. Cm
n+1
untuk m, n ttt
C1
0
= 0
C2
0
= 0
2
m
t . am
D
LI
m
t . am n
m
1 n
m
a
e 1
t
P
H e . C C
D
2
D
2
∆ −
∆ − +

+ ·
m LI m
n
m
1 n
m
Y . P X . C C ∆ + ·
+
*
1 LI 1
0
1
1
1
Y . P X . C C ∆ + ·
*
1 LI 1
0
2
1
2
Y . P X . C C ∆ + ·
8.
) C C (
1 R
4
) t ( Ps ) t ( Pa
n
2
n
1
2
+

− ·
Untuk m = 1. 2
) C C (
1 R
4
) t ( Ps ) t ( Pa
n
2
n
1
2
+

− ·
@ n = 0  ) t ( Ps ) t ( Pa ·
@ n = 1 
) C C (
1 R
4
Ps ) t ( Pa
1
2
1
1
2
1
+

− ·
SIBP
6. ∆PSI untuk n ttt
@ n = 0  ∆PSI = --
@ n = n  ∆PSI = ½(Ps
n
– Ps
n-1
)
@ n = 1  ∆PSI = ½(Ps
1
– Ps
0
)
@ n = 2  ∆PSI = ½(Ps
2
– Ps
1
)
7. Cm
n+1
untuk m, n ttt
C1
0
= 0
C2
0
= 0
[ ]
D
2
t . am
SI m
n
m
1 n
m
e . P . H C C
∆ − +
∆ + ·
*
[ ]
1 SI 1
0
1
1
1
X . P . H C C ∆ + ·
*
[ ]
2 SI 2
0
2
1
21
X . P . H C C ∆ + ·
8. ( ) t Pa untuk n ttt

· −

− +
·
M
1 m
m
2
) t ( C
1 R
4
2
) 1 t ( Ps ) t ( Ps
) t ( Pa
untuk m = 1, 2
) C C (
1 R
4
2
) 1 t ( Ps ) t ( Ps
) t ( Pa
n
2
n
1
2
+

− +
·
@ n = 0  ) t ( Ps ) t ( Pa ·
@ n = 1 
) C C (
1 R
4
2
Ps Ps
) t ( Pa
1
2
1
1
2
0 1
+

+
·
LIBP & SIBP
1
]
1

¸

− · ) t ( Pa Pa U We
0
n
@ n = 0  0 We
0
·
5 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
@ n = 1 
1
]
1

¸

− ·
1 0
1
Pa Pa U We
10
1 n n
1 n n
n
We We ) Pa Pa ( U We

− · − · ∆
@ n = 0  0 We
0
· ∆
@ n = 1 
1 n
We We · ∆
@ n = 2 
1 2 n
We We We − · ∆
11 Tabelkan (Ps; ∆PLI; C1
m
, C2
m
,
n
Ps
,
We
n
, ∆We
• Least Square Methode
 Water Influx = We = Withrawals –
Expansion < 1

[ ] Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np Withrawals + − + ·

< 2

1
]
1

¸

− + − − − · ) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg N Expansion
Boi
Bgi
N
G
m ·
 Substitusi pers <2 dan <3 ke <1
· We
[ ] Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np + − +

1
]
1

¸

− + − − − − ) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg N
[ ]
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg
We Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np
N
− + − − −
− + − +
·

< 4

[ ]
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg
Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np
Na
− + − − −
+ − +
·
<5
UNTUK 2 VARIABLE ( X – Y )
 Na – N =
[ ]
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg
Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np
− + − − −
+ − +
[ ]
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg
We Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np
− + − − −
− + − +

=
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg
We
− + − − −

D
We
N Na − ·
dengan :
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg D − + − − − ·

− · dt ) p pi ( ' B We
t ) P P ( 5 . 0 Pi ' B We
n
1 j
j 1 j ∆ + − ·

·

∆ ∆ · t . P ' B We

D
t . P
' B N Na

∆ ∆
− ·
 Dalam sumbu X-Y
1.
D
t . P
' B N Na

∆ ∆
− ·
2. Xk ' B N Yk − ·
3. Nak Yk ·
4.
D
t . P
Xk

∆ ∆
·
5.
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg D − + − − − ·
6.
Boi
Bgi
N
G
m ·
m = 0 untuk no initial gas cap
7.
( )
∑ ∑ ∑
∑ ∑ ∑ ∑

·
2
2
Xi n Xi Xi
Yi Xi Xi Xi . Yi
N
8.
( )
∑ ∑ ∑
∑ ∑ ∑

·
2
Xi n Xi Xi
Yi . Xi n Yi Xi
' B
n = jumlah data tidak termasuk 0
UNTUK 3 VARIABLE ( X –Y – Z )
 We = Withrawals – Expansion
Withrawals = Expansion + We
6 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
[ ] · + − + Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np

We ) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg N +
1
]
1

¸

− + − − −
[ ] · + − + Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np
( )
∑ ∆ ∆ +
1
]
1

¸

− + − − −
D D
t We P B Bgi Bg
Bgi
Boi
m Bo Boi Rs Rsi Bg N . ' ) ( ) ( ) (
 Yk ' B Xk . N Zk + ·
1.
[ ] Bw . Wp ) Rs Rp ( Bg Bo Np Zk + − + ·
2.
) Bgi Bg (
Bgi
Boi
m ) Bo Boi ( ) Rs Rsi ( Bg Yk − + − − − ·
3.
Boi
Bgi
N
G
m · ; m=0 untuk no initial
gas cap
4. Xk = ( )

∆ ∆
D D
t We . P ' B
superposisi
5.
( )
( )
∑ ∑ ∑ ∑
∑ ∑ ∑ ∑

·
XY XY Y X
YZ XY Y XY
N
2 2
2
6.
( )
( )
∑ ∑ ∑ ∑
∑ ∑ ∑ ∑

·
XY XY Y X
XZ XY YZ X
' B
2 2
2
7.
[ ]

·
− − ·
n
1 k
2
Yj ' B Xk . N Zk
n
1
Dev
n : jumlah data mulai n=1
• PSEUDO STEADY STATE MODEL (oleh
Fetkovich)
 MBE on aquifer u/ cw dan crock konstan:
Pi We
Wei
Pi
P +
,
_

¸
¸
− ·
<
1
P
: avg. pressure di aquifer setelah removal
of We bbl of water, Pi: initial pressure at
aquifer, Wei: initial water encrhoachable at Pi.
 Rate equation by Fetkovich
( )
m
R
P P J Bw qw − · <
2
qw.Bw: flow rate water dari aquifer, J:
Produktivity index of aquifer, PR:pressure at the
reservoir-aquifer boundary, m = 1 u/ darcy flow
selama PSS flow.
 Kombinasi pers(1) dan (2):
( )

,
_

¸
¸
− − ·

Wei
t Pi J
R
e 1 P Pi
Pi
Wei
We
< 3
perhitungan u/ tiap periode
( )

,
_

¸
¸
− − · ∆

Wei
tn Pi J
R
1 n e 1 n P P
Pi
Wei
Wen

< 4

,
_

¸
¸
− · −
Wei
We
1 Pi P 1 n
2
P P
P
Rn 1 Rn
Rn
+
·

∆ · Wen We
 Produktivity Index beberapa type aliran:
Type of Outer Aquifer Boundary
1. Finite – no Flow
[ ] 75 . 0 ) r / re ln(
) 360 / ( kh 00708 . 0
J
R
− µ
θ
·
Linear Flow
L
kwh 003381 . 0
J
µ
·
2. Finite Constant Pressure
[ ] ) r / re ln(
) 360 / ( kh 00708 . 0
J
R
µ
θ
·
Linear Flow
L
kwh 001127 . 0
J
µ
·
k(mD); w:with, L: Length aquifer
 Contoh Kasus 1
Tentukan Water influx pada contoh kasus 2
pada Edge Water Drive diatas dg Fetkovich
methode
Solusi:
1. jari-jari aquifer
A = ½ π re
2
re
2
= 2A/π
re = (2 x 250000 x 43560/ 3.14)
0.5
= 83263
ft
2. jari jari reservoir
A = ½ π rR
2
rR
2
= 2A/π
rR = (2 x 1216 x 43560 / 3.14)
0.5
= 5807 ft
3. Initial Water Influx
( )
615 . 5
Pi h r re ) 360 / ( c
Wei
2
R
2
T
φ − π θ
·
( )
615 . 5
3793 209 . 0 2 . 19 ) 5807 83263 ( ) 360 / 180 ( 10 . 6
Wei
2 2 6
− π
·

= 176.3 x 10
6
bbl
4. Produktivity index
[ ] 75 . 0 ) r / re ln(
) 360 / ( kh 00708 . 0
J
R
− µ
θ
·
[ ] 75 . 0 ) 5807 / 83263 ln( 25 . 0
) 360 / 180 ( x 2 . 19 x 275 x 00708 . 0
J

·

= 39.08
7 dari 6
WATER INFLUX-TEKRES
5. Water influx tiap periode
( )

,
_

¸
¸
− − · ∆

Wei
tn Pi J
R
1 n e 1 n P P
Pi
Wei
Wen
( ) n P P 3435 Wen
R
1 n − · ∆ −

,
_

¸
¸ ∆
− ·

Wei
n We
1 Pi P 1 n

,
_

¸
¸ ∆
− ·

6
1 n
10 x 3 . 176
n We
1 3793 P
6. Water Influx

∆ · Wen We
7. Tabel Hasil Perhitungan
8 dari 6