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2 major ways to give grammatical information: Covert Overt .
COVERT APPROACH Grammatical facts are hidden (IMPLICIT) Attention drawn to activity not to the grammar Main aim: to get students to use the language as much as possible .
Activities for the Covert Approach: a) Interaction activities b) Involving the personality c) Games .
.Strengths of the Covert Approach 1) Grammar-discovery approach. making hypotheses and drawing conclusions about the language forms. 3) Leads to raising an awareness about the grammar and a meaningful and active understanding of the rules. 2) Opportunity to explore the examples by noticing/observing.
• Acquirers develop analytical skills to understand and internalize language rules.Advantages of the Grammar – Discovery Approach * Students discover grammar for themselves instead of being told. . • Leads to a deeper understanding and awareness of the mother tongue or the first language as well as the target language grammar * Teaches students to be autonomous learners. * Grammar becomes a content to be communicated about.
OVERT APPROACH Grammatical rules and explanations are provided Information is openly presented (EXPLICIT) .
Activities for the Overt Approach: .
Limitations of the Overt Approach 1) Focus on grammar explanation and the absence of any reference to meaning can be detrimental to language acquisition. 2) Know a lot about the language but unable to use in contextualize situations. 4) Language use can be tremendously affected by conscious language usage as this may create a stressful environment. . 3) Focuses on form not meaning.