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ActiveX Data Objects

ActiveX Data Objects

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Web Programming
(Server-side Programming)
Web Programming
(Server-side Programming)

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Published by: akirank1 on Jul 02, 2009
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09/28/2010

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ASP-ADO

CS-422 Dick Steflik

ActiveX Data Objects (ADO)
• • Does for Microsoft data sources what ODBC did for databases
– similar in concept to the combination JDBC and JNDI (and then some)

The process of using ADO involves the four step process:
– – – – Connect to the database Define the data you want Manipulate the data Display the data

ADO Software Architecture
VC++ VB Script Java

ADO

OLE DB

RDBMS

E-mail

Directory Services

ADO, ODBC and OLE DB
• • • ADO is the strategic way for using ODBC data sources on the Windows platform ODBC was the MS way of connecting to and using databases on the Windows platform. OLE DB extends ODBC by using the concept of service providers to add the ability to connect to other non-database data sources (MS Active Directory (LDAP), e-mail servers (Exchange))
– – – – – – ODBC Data Sources; provider = MSDASQL MS Index Server; provider = MSIDXS MS Active Directory Server - provider = ADSD300Object MS Jet databases - provider = Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.3.51 MS SQL Server - provider = SQLOLEDB Oracle Databases - provider = MSDAORA

Providers and Drivers
ADO

JET

SQL

Oracle

ODBC

OLE DB Providers

JET

SQL

Oracle

ODBC Drivers

Access

SQL

Oracle

Access

SQL

Oracle

All About ADO
• To learn more about goto:
– http://www.w3schools.com/ado/default.asp

Creating a CreateObject
• Connection objects are created using the CreateObject() function.
– The only parameter is a string indicating the object to create
• object_library_name.object

Dim cn ‘create a variable to hold a reference to the object Set cn = CreateObject(“ADODB.Connection”)

ConnectionString
• • Once the ConnectionObject is created we need to give it a ConnectionString to logon to the datasource ConnectionString specifies the :
– – – – provider datasource name userid (optional) password (optional)

Dim cnn Dim str str = “Provider=MSDASQL; Data Source=mydatasource; User Id=;Password=“ cnn.ConnectionString = str

Open() and Close()
• • Once the connection has been established the Connection must be opened before using it Likewise it should be closed when done.
Dim cnn Dim str Set cnn = CreateObject(‘ADODB.Connection’) str = “Provider=MSDASQL.1,Data Source=mydatasource;” str = str & User TD=myuserid;Password=mypass” cnn.ConnectionString = str cnn.Open ….. cnn.Close

Recordset
• • Record set objects are the recipients of the result of a SQL query create the Connection object the create a recordset object and associate them
Dim cnn Dim rs set cnn = CreateObject(“ADODB.Connection”) set rs = CreateObject(“ADODB.Recordset”) ‘ assocoate the record set with the connection rs.ActiveConnection = cnn

To use the Recordset, Open it

‘from previous code... Dim SQL SQL = “SELECT…..FROM…..” rs.Open SQL …you can abbreviate this by doing the association at the same time as the Open

rs.Open SQL, cnn … this will eliminate the need for the rs.ActiveConnection = cnn statement

Getting the data out
• • The record set is a collection of rows, each row containing the data in the order that it was asked for in the SQL statement, each column in the row can be accessed by its column name for: SELECT CourseName from CourseTable

Dim string While Not rs.EOF string = string & rs(“CourseName”) & “<br>” rs.MoveNext Wend

Getting data in
• • To get data into an ADO data source use the ADO command object. Use this for the SQL
– insert – update – and delete statements
Dim SQL Dim Cmd Set cmd = CreateObject(“ADODB.Command”) ‘create a command object SQL = “INSERT into …..” cmd.CommandText = SQL ‘set the CommandTexy property of the CommandObject cmd.ActiveConnection = cnn cmd.Execute

Display records from a database in an HTML Page
<html> <body> <% set conn=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") conn.Provider="Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0" conn.Open(Server.Mappath("northwind.mdb")) set rs = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.recordset") rs.Open "Select * from Customers", conn do until rs.EOF for each x in rs.Fields Response.Write(x.name) Response.Write(" = ") Response.Write(x.value & "<br />") next Response.Write("<br />") rs.MoveNext loop rs.close conn.close %> </body> </html>

Put the data in a table with colors and titles
<html> <body> <% set conn=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") conn.Provider="Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0" conn.Open(Server.Mappath("northwind.mdb")) set rs = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.recordset") sql="SELECT Companyname, Contactname FROM Customers" rs.Open sql, conn %> <table border="1" width="100%" bgcolor="#fff5ee"> <tr> <%for each x in rs.Fields response.write("<th align='left' bgcolor='#b0c4de'>" & x.name & "</th>") next%> </tr> <%do until rs.EOF%> <tr> <%for each x in rs.Fields%> <td><%Response.Write(x.value)%></td> <%next rs.MoveNext%> </tr> <%loop rs.close conn.close %> </table> </body> </html>

Another example, make data on page sortable by user
<html> <body> <table border="1" width="100%"> <tr> <td><a href="demo_sort2.asp?sort=companyname">Company</a></td> <td><a href="demo_sort2.asp?sort=contactname">Contact Name</a></td> </tr> <% dim conn,rs,sort sort="companyname" if Request.QueryString("sort")<>"" then sort=Request.QueryString("sort") end if set conn=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") conn.Provider="Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0" conn.Open(Server.Mappath("northwind.mdb")) set rs=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.recordset") rs.Open "SELECT Companyname,Contactname FROM Customers ORDER BY " & sort,conn do until rs.EOF%> <tr> <%for each x in rs.Fields%> <td><%Response.Write(x.value)%> </td> <%next rs.MoveNext%> </tr> <%loop rs.close conn.close %> </table> </body> </html>

Using the Recordset Object

This example returns the value of the first column in the first two records: ALFKI ANTON This example returns the value of the first three columns in the first record: ALFKI Alfreds Futterkiste Maria Anders

<body> <% set conn=Server.CreateObject("ADODB.Connection") conn.Provider="Microsoft.Jet.OLEDB.4.0" conn.Open(Server.Mappath("northwind.mdb")) set rs = Server.CreateObject("ADODB.recordset") rs.Open "Select * from Customers", conn 'The first number indicates how many records to copy 'The second number indicates what recordnumber to start on p=rs.GetRows(2,0) response.write("<p>This example returns the value of the first column in the first two records:</p>") response.write(p(0,0)) response.write("<br>") response.write(p(0,1)) response.write("<p>This example returns the value of the first three columns in the first record:</p>") response.write(p(0,0)) response.write("<br>") response.write(p(1,0)) response.write("<br>") response.write(p(2,0)) rs.close conn.close %> </body> </html>

ADO.NET
• Under .NET, ADO hasn’t changed much but the way you use it has
– VB has changed extensively under .NET so we won’t address its use with VB (developer community isn’t real happy about this) – the ADO API is pretty consistent across the MS supported .NET languages

Consists of the namespaces and classes that manage accessing backend databases.
– five namespaces
• the most common are:
– Ststem.Data – System.Data.OleDB – System.Data.SqlClient

– hundreds of classes

the .NET Data Provider
.NET Data Provider DataReader Connection Transaction Command Parameters

DB SelectCommand UpdateCommand

InmsertCommand

DeleteCommand

.NET DataSet
DataSet DataTableCollection DataTable DataRowCollection DataColumnCollection ConstraintCollection

DataRelationshipCollection

System.Data Namespace
• Consists mainly of classes that make up ADO.NET • Allows a developer to build components that manage data from data sources

System.Data.OleDb Namespace
• Ole DB .Net Data Provider • Designed to be a replacement for ODBC • Used for accessing different kinds of data stores uniformly
– non-relational databases
• Dbase, Foxpro, Access • Spreadsheets

System.Data.SqlClient Namespace
• .NET data provider for MS SQL Server • classes bypass OLE DB to interact directly with SQL Server
– increase performance for SQL Server access

MySql.Data.MySqlClient
• namespace containing classes for accessing MySQL databases • provided by MySQL organization

IBM.Data.DB2 namespace
• namespace for using IBM DB2 databases with .NET • Provided by IBM with the DB2 product

Oracle.DataAccess.Client
• namespace used for accessing Oracle databases from .NET • provided by Oracle with Oracle product

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