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Arsenal of Democracy
"The Arsenal of Democracy" was a slogan coined by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in a radio broadcast delivered on December 29, 1940. Roosevelt promised to help the United Kingdom fight Nazi Germany by giving them military supplies while the United States stayed out of the actual fighting. The announcement was made a year before the Attack on Pearl Harbor, at a time when Germany had occupied much of Europe and threatened Britain. Germany was allied with Italy and Japan (the Axis powers). At the time, Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non aggression treaty under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and had jointly invaded Poland in 1939, a deal that remained until the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Roosevelt's address was "a call to arm and support" the Allies in Europe, and to a lesser extent China, in their all-out war against President of the United States Franklin D. Germany and Japan. "The great arsenal of democracy" came to Roosevelt giving an address. specifically reference America and its industrial machine, as the primary military supplier for the Allied war effort. Between 1940 and 1945, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania epitomized the concept by manufacturing more steel for the Allies than any other steel-producing hub in the world—an amount over one-fifth of that made worldwide.
Origins of the phrase
The phrase originated from the American playwright Robert Emmet Sherwood, who was quoted in the May 12, 1940 New York Times as saying "this country is already, in effect, an arsenal for the democratic Allies." Although the French economist Jean Monnet had used the phrase later in 1940, he was urged not to use it again so Roosevelt could make use of it in his speeches. Franklin Roosevelt has since been credited with the phrase. The phrase was suggested by top Roosevelt advisor Harry Hopkins.
Much of the ending of the speech attempted to remove a sense of complacency. Roosevelt laid out the situation clearly, and then pointed out the flaws in that argument. He mentioned that "Some of us like to believe that even if Great Britain falls, we are still safe, because of the broad expanse of the Atlantic and of the Pacific." He refuted this by saying that modern technology had effectively reduced the distances across those oceans, allowing even for "planes that could fly from the British Isles to New England and back again without refueling." After establishing the danger, the president then proceeded to request action from the people. He acknowledged a telegram he had received. He refuted its message, which he summarized as "Please, Mr. President, don't frighten us by telling us the facts." The central fact he felt Americans must grasp was, "If Great Britain goes down, the Axis powers will control the continents of Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia, and the high seas—and they will be in a position to bring enormous military and naval resources against this hemisphere." He then continued to describe the situation in Europe, punctuating his remarks with warnings of how the Nazis would use the same tactics in the Western Hemisphere, and giving vivid imagery such as "The fate of these nations [occupied by force by the Nazis] tells us what it means to live at the point of a Nazi gun." Roosevelt attacked the British prewar policy of "appeasement," calling it ineffective. Listing prior examples given by European countries,
160.345 in the Marine Corps. cited how American labor would make an impact in the combat zones. as a nation. several months after the Arsenal of Democracy address. that number had nearly quadrupled. the same spirit of patriotism and sacrifice as we would show were we at war. the guns. At the time. saying. Emphatically we must get these weapons to them. while the United States Navy appeared strong and was widely thought to guarantee the Western Hemisphere would be safe from invasion. there were only 458. For us this is an emergency as serious as war itself." Europe does "not ask us to do their fighting. and 54. so that we and our children will be saved the agony and suffering of war which others have had to endure." and argued that helping Britain now would save Americans from having to fight.997 in the Navy. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941—less than a year after the Arsenal of Democracy address—the United States entered the war. Previous policies such as the Neutrality Acts had already begun to be replaced by intensified assistance to the Allies. 284.101 total military personnel—1.437 in the Navy.Arsenal of Democracy he said it was futile. foreign policy since the United States' involvement in World War I. the tanks. It expects and insists that management and workers will reconcile their differences by voluntary or legal means. The only solution was to assist Britain ("the spearhead of resistance to world conquest") while it was still possible. the same sense of urgency. get them to them in sufficient volume and quickly enough. therefore. They ask us for the implements of war. It marked the decline of the isolationist and non-interventionist doctrine that had dominated interwar U." Roosevelt stressed that it was not the American government but the American people who had the power to turn the tide of the war. including the cash and carry policy in 1939 and Destroyers for Bases Agreement in September 1940." He focused on that theme of "splendid cooperation between the Government and industry and labor" for several paragraphs. and noted how important the manufacture of weapons and vehicles is to being strong. It was here that he used the phrase "arsenal of democracy": "We must be the great arsenal of democracy." He urged this to change. the freighters which will enable them to fight for their liberty and for our security." Finally he reassured the American people: "I believe that the Axis powers are not going to win this war. "The nation expects our defense industries to continue operation without interruption by strikes or lockouts. "You can." 2 Impact The speech reflected the American approach to entry into World War II.359 in the Marine Corps.462. The Lend-Lease program began in March 1941. nail–nail any talk about sending armies to Europe as deliberate untruth.028 in the Army.365 non-Coast Guard military personnel on active duty—259.801.315 in the Army. . By the next year. with 1. the planes. he stated that "our national policy is not directed toward war.S. He warned against labor disputes. We must apply ourselves to our task with the same resolution. and 28. While not explicitly pledging to stay out of the war. all the while stressing that open war would not hurt the country: "the strength of this nation shall not be diluted by the failure of the Government to protect the economic well-being of its citizens.
00. html). Europe. The Broadway Stage Has Its First War Play. ISBN 978-0-19-514403-1 • Complete text and audio of speech (http://www. com/ question/ 1999-percentage-world-steel-produced-us-107233. an arsenal for the democratic Allies. 2012. 6th ed. org/ education/ pghist/ units/ WPAhist/ wpa5. "this country is already.ushistory. census. (http:/ / answers.  " Series Y 904-916: Military Personnel on Active Duty: 1789 to 1970 (http:/ / www2. encyclopedia.939230. Jack (May 12.9171. 2012. in effect.html) • Speech at Wikisource External links • "The Arsenal of Democracy" (http://www. (October 13. “Steel Industry. September 1975. Japan. time. html).  The Columbia Encyclopedia. The Alliance: America. 1961) Time Magazine (http:/ / www." Columbia Encyclopedia.  Barnett. Retrieved on June 6.org (http:/ / www. Part 2 (Bicentennial Edition). pdf). gov/ prod2/ statcomp/ documents/ CT1970p2-12. 2008. The New York Times. 1940).asp) at USHistory. United States Census Bureau."  Robinson. Retrieved on April 9. wqed." WQED. php). David M. Makers of the Postwar World.org/us/50d. References and further reading • Kennedy. Retrieved on April 9.Arsenal of Democracy 3 Notes  WQED. Colonial Times to 1970.com/speeches/fdrarsenalofdemocracy. Richard. pp 468–9. Charles K. 1929-1945 1999.americanrhetoric. com/ time/ magazine/ article/ 0.  Gould. 1983.org . "Pittsburgh History Series. Freedom from Fear: The American People in Depression and War." Historical Statistics of the United States. Quoting Robert Emmet Sherwood.
Dragonivich65.php?title=File:Franklin-roosevelt.0 Unported //creativecommons. Rich Farmbrough. Good Olfactory.0/ . Gilliam. Patchouli. Mnemeson. Licenses and Contributors File:Franklin-roosevelt. Jpenrose.Article Sources and Contributors 4 Article Sources and Contributors Arsenal of Democracy Source: http://en. Maltese Dragon. Fabartus. Slakr. BD2412. 73 anonymous edits Image Sources. Joseph Solis in Australia. Plasma Twa 2. Hemlock Martinis. Plrk. Hmains. SkyWalker. Binksternet. Cgingold. Malo. Piotrus. Woohookitty.org/w/index. Good Olfactory. Mel Etitis.wikipedia.php?oldid=548156914 Contributors: Abeast34. Ambuj. Neutrality. Kevinalewis.JPG Source: http://en. Closeapple. Tommaisey.org/licenses/by-sa/3. Luna Santin. Wknight94. Rjensen. Monkeybait. Carcharoth. RHaworth. Jmorrison230582. Ahuitzotl. HereToHelp. MikeJ9919. Tim! License Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3. Holme215. Mwanner. Clemwang. Vin Kaleu. NekoDaemon.JPG License: Public Domain Contributors: Evil Monkey. GeorgeLouis.wikipedia.org/w/index. JW1805. Maher27777. Van helsing. Thomas Paine1776. Tide rolls. Mapcat. CasualObserver'48. Kitch. Redthoreau. KI. Saxifrage. Kaltenmeyer. Judgesurreal777. Pelopidas0920.Saxena. Klemen Kocjancic. THD3. Palmpilot900. Kuralyov. Lockesdonkey. Funnyhat. Gws5008. Notorious4life.
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