P. 1
June 1999 - Paper 2

June 1999 - Paper 2

|Views: 85|Likes:
Published by theyaasir

More info:

Published by: theyaasir on Jul 03, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/02/2009

TIME 1 hour 30 minutes

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES
Write your name, Centre number and candidate number in the spaces at the top of this page and on
any separate answer paper used.
Section A
Answer all questions.
Write your answers in the spaces provided on the question paper.
Section B
Answer any three questions.
Where lined pages are provided at the end of the question paper, write your answers on these and
continue on separate answer paper.
At the end of the examination, fasten any separate answer paper used securely to the question paper.
INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question
or part question.
Mathematical tables are available.
You may use a calculator.
A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.
UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE
General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level
CHEMISTRY 5070/2
PAPER 2 Theory
Friday 18 JUNE 1999 Morning 1 hour 30 minutes
Additional materials:
Answer paper
Electronic calculator and/or Mathematical tables
This question paper consists of 13 printed pages and 3 lined pages.
SB ( SC) QF92363/3
© UCLES 1999 [Turn over
Candidate
Centre Number Number
Candidate Name
FOR EXAMINER’S USE
Section A
B7
B8
B9
B10
TOTAL
Section A
Answer all the questions in this section in the spaces provided.
The total mark for this section is 45.
A1 Choose from the following gases to answer the questions below.
ammonia carbon dioxide carbon monoxide chlorine
hydrogen nitrogen oxygen sulphur dioxide
Each gas can be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Name a gas which
(a) is used to bleach wood pulp,
..............................................................................................................................................[1]
(b) is used in the manufacture of margarine,
..............................................................................................................................................[1]
(c) is formed at the cathode when concentrated aqueous sodium chloride is electrolysed
using carbon electrodes,
..............................................................................................................................................[1]
(d) changes acidified potassium dichromate(VI) from orange to green.
..............................................................................................................................................[1]
2
5070/2 S99
For
Examiner’s
Use
A2 The table gives information about some substances.
(a) Explain, in terms of its structure, how copper conducts electricity.
..........................................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................................[2]
(b) (i) Which one of the substances could be methane, CH
4
? ...........................................
(ii) Draw a ‘dot and cross’ diagram to show all the electrons in a methane molecule.
[3]
(c) Which one of the substances could be sodium chloride, NaCl? ..................................[1]
substance
copper high very high good insoluble
very high very high poor insoluble
high high poor soluble
low low poor insoluble
very high very high good insoluble
high high poor insoluble
low low poor very soluble
magnesium oxide
A
B
C
D
E
melting
point
boiling
point
electrical
conductivity
solubility in
water
3
5070/2 S99 [Turn over
For
Examiner’s
Use
4
5070/2 S99
(d) (i) Magnesium oxide has the same lattice structure as sodium chloride.
Draw the lattice structure of magnesium oxide.
(ii) Magnesium oxide has a very high melting point. Give one use of magnesium oxide
that depends on this property.
...............................................................................................................................[3]
For
Examiner’s
Use
A3 Fertilisers provide essential elements for plant growth.
(a) Name the three main essential elements provided by fertilisers.
......................................................................................................................................[1]
(b) Plants absorb ions through their roots. The table shows the pH at which the ions are
absorbed.
✔ = ion is absorbed.
(i) At what pH does a plant absorb all the ions listed in the table?
...................................................................................................................................
(ii) Which two ions are not absorbed in neutral conditions?
...................................................................................................................................
(iii) Aluminium ions are poisonous to plants.
Suggest why aluminium poisoning is more likely to occur in regions with acidic
rainfall.
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[3]
(c) (i) Give one reason why it is important to control the pH of soil.
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
(ii) Name a compound that is used to increase the pH of acidic soil.
...............................................................................................................................[2]
ion
pH
4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Al
3+ ✔


✔ ✔ ✔









✔ ✔
✔ ✔


✔ ✔


✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔
✔ ✔
Ca
2+
Fe
3+
K
+
Mg
2+
NO
3

PO
4
3–
Zn
2+
5
5070/2 S99 [Turn over
For
Examiner’s
Use
6
5070/2 S99
A4 Diagrams F to J show the structure of some organic compounds.
(a) (i) Give the letters of the two compounds that have the same molecular formula.
compounds ..............................................and ..........................................................
(ii) Which term describes compounds that have the same molecular formula but
different structures?
...................................................................................................................................
[2]
(b) Compound F has the molecular formula C
4
H
10
.
Draw the structure of another compound with this molecular formula.
[1]
H
H
H H C
H
H
C
H
H
C
H
H
O C
H
H
C H
H
H
C
F
H
H
H OH C
H
H
C
H
H
C
H
H
C
G
H
H
H C
O
OH
C
O
OH
C
H
H
H
H C
O
C
J
H
H
H C
H
H
C
H
H
C
I
For
Examiner’s
Use
7
5070/2 S99 [Turn over
(c) Give the letters of two compounds that react together to form an ester.
compounds .....................................................and ......................................................[1]
(d) Give the letter of the compound formed by the oxidation of ethanol.
compound ....................... [1]
For
Examiner’s
Use
A5 The table gives some properties of the elements in Group VII. The properties for astatine are
missing from the table.
(a) (i) Which halogen is a liquid at room temperature and pressure?
...................................................................................................................................
(ii) How many electrons does one atom of astatine have in its outer shell?
...................................................................................................................................
(iii) Predict the atomic radius of astatine.
..............................................................................................................................pm
(iv) Predict the state and colour of astatine at room temperature and pressure.
state ..........................................................................................................................
colour ........................................................................................................................
(v) Predict the molecular formula for astatine.
...............................................................................................................................[6]
(b) (i) Complete the following table that describes what happens when aqueous chlorine
is added to an aqueous metal halide.
(ii) Give the ionic equation for one of the above reactions.
...............................................................................................................................[4]
element
fluorine F
chlorine Cl
Br
I
At
bromine
iodine
astatine
atomic
symbol
electronic
structure
2.7 –220 –188 64
[–101] –35 99
–7 59 114
113 183 133
2.8.7
2.8.18.7
2.8.18.18.7
melting
point/°C
boiling
point/°C
atomic
radius/pm
8
5070/2 S99
For
Examiner’s
Use
aqueous
halide
potassium
bromide
potassium
iodide
observation
colourless solution turns
orange
names of products
9
5070/2 S99 [Turn over
(c) Chlorine will oxidise aqueous iron(II) chloride to form aqueous iron(III) chloride.
(i) Explain why this is a redox reaction.
...................................................................................................................................
(ii) Describe how aqueous sodium hydroxide can be used to show that the oxidation
has taken place.
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[3]
For
Examiner’s
Use
10
5070/2 S99
A6 Potassium superoxide, KO
2
, is an ionic solid. It can be used in spacecraft to supply oxygen
according to the following equation.
4KO
2
(s) + 2H
2
O(l) → 4KOH(s) + 3O
2
(g)
The potassium hydroxide formed removes carbon dioxide.
(a) Show that 1.0g of potassium superoxide will supply about 0.25dm
3
of oxygen at room
temperature and pressure.
[3]
(b) (i) Name the compound formed when carbon dioxide reacts with solid potassium
hydroxide.
...................................................................................................................................
(ii) Give the equation for the formation of this compound.
...................................................................................................................................
[2]
(c) Supplies of oxygen in hospitals are stored in cylinders.
(i) State one other use for oxygen.
...................................................................................................................................
(ii) Describe briefly how oxygen is obtained from air.
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................[3]
For
Examiner’s
Use
11
5070/2 S99 [Turn over
Section B
Answer three questions from this section. The total mark for this section is 30.
Write your answers on the lined pages that follow.
B7 Ethene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon.
(a) What is meant by the term unsaturated? [1]
(b) Ethene is made by the cracking of long chain hydrocarbon molecules such as C
16
H
34
.
Construct an equation to illustrate the cracking of C
16
H
34
, to make ethene and another
hydrocarbon as the only products. [1]
(c) Ethene is bubbled through aqueous bromine to form 1,2-dibromoethane.
What would you observe during the reaction? [2]
(d) Give the name of the product and the conditions needed for the reaction of ethene with water.
[2]
(e) Calculate the volume of carbon dioxide, measured at room temperature and pressure,
produced by the complete combustion of 1.40g of ethene. [3]
(f) Ethene can be made into poly(ethene).
Draw the structure of poly(ethene). [1]
B8 (a) Under what conditions does water react with
(i) sodium,
(ii) magnesium?
In each case, name the products formed.
[4]
(b) Water supplies are obtained from rivers, boreholes and reservoirs. The water must be treated
before use.
Describe and explain the two main processes in the purification of water supplies. [4]
(c) Water supplies that have passed through iron pipes contain iron(II) ions, Fe
2+
, and iron(III)
ions, Fe
3+
.
In the presence of air iron(II) ions are slowly changed to iron(III) ions.
Construct the equation for the reaction between iron(II) ions, hydrogen ions, H
+
, and oxygen
to form iron(III) ions and water. [2]
B9 In the Contact process for the manufacture of sulphuric acid, sulphur dioxide is converted into
sulphur trioxide.
2SO
2
(g) + O
2
(g) 2SO
3
(g) ∆H = –98kJ mol
–1
(a) This reaction reaches a dynamic equilibrium.
Explain what is meant by the term dynamic equilibrium. [2]
(b) A mixture of sulphur dioxide, oxygen and sulphur trioxide was allowed to reach equilibrium,
then the temperature was raised.
Predict the effect of raising the temperature on
(i) the composition of the equilibrium mixture,
(ii) the rate of reaction.
Explain your answers. [4]
(c) Describe how you would prepare a pure dry sample of sodium sulphate starting with dilute
sulphuric acid. [4]
B10 Aluminium is manufactured from aluminium oxide.
Aluminium oxide is dissolved in molten cryolite and this solution is electrolysed.
(a) Name the gas formed at the anode and describe a test to identify the gas. [2]
(b) Write equations for the reactions at the
(i) cathode,
(ii) anode.
[2]
(c) The table shows how various factors affect the mass of aluminium made in a factory.
(i) Use the information in the table to deduce which factor does not affect the mass of
aluminium made.
(ii) Predict the mass of aluminium made in 2 days if a current of 180kA is passed through
the electrolyte at 1000°C.
[2]
(d) Iron is manufactured from haematite, an oxide of iron.
(i) Briefly describe the manufacture of iron from haematite.
(ii) Explain why aluminium is extracted by electrolysis whereas iron is not.
[4]
1000 60 1 1
2
2
2
1
2
120
120
60
1000
1250
1000
temperature of
electrolyte/°C
1
current used/kA time/days
mass of aluminium
made/tonnes
12
5070/2 S99
13
5070/2 S99
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
14
5070/2 S99
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
15
5070/2 S99
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
..................................................................................................................................................................
16
5070/2 S99
G
r
o
u
p
D
A
T
A

S
H
E
E
T
T
h
e

P
e
r
i
o
d
i
c

T
a
b
l
e

o
f

t
h
e

E
l
e
m
e
n
t
s
1
4
0
C
e
C
e
r
i
u
m
5
8
1
4
1
P
r
P
r
a
s
e
o
d
y
m
i
u
m
5
9
1
4
4
N
d
N
e
o
d
y
m
i
u
m
6
0
P
m
P
r
o
m
e
t
h
i
u
m
6
1
1
5
0
S
m
S
a
m
a
r
i
u
m
6
2
1
5
2
E
u
E
u
r
o
p
i
u
m
6
3
1
5
7
G
d
G
a
d
o
l
i
n
i
u
m
6
4
1
5
9
T
b
T
e
r
b
i
u
m
6
5
1
6
2
D
y
D
y
s
p
r
o
s
i
u
m
6
6
1
6
5
H
o
H
o
l
m
i
u
m
6
7
1
6
7
E
r
E
r
b
i
u
m
6
8
1
6
9
T
m
T
h
u
l
i
u
m
6
9
1
7
3
Y
b
Y
t
t
e
r
b
i
u
m
7
0
1
7
5
L
u
L
u
t
e
t
i
u
m
7
1
2
3
2
T
h
T
h
o
r
i
u
m
9
0
P
a
P
r
o
t
a
c
t
i
n
i
u
m
9
1
2
3
8
U
U
r
a
n
i
u
m
9
2
N
p
N
e
p
t
u
n
i
u
m
9
3
P
u
P
l
u
t
o
n
i
u
m
9
4
A
m
A
m
e
r
i
c
i
u
m
9
5
C
m
C
u
r
i
u
m
9
6
B
k
B
e
r
k
e
l
i
u
m
9
7
C
f
C
a
l
i
f
o
r
n
i
u
m
9
8
E
s
E
i
n
s
t
e
i
n
i
u
m
9
9
F
m
F
e
r
m
i
u
m
1
0
0
M
d
M
e
n
d
e
l
e
v
i
u
m
1
0
1
N
o
N
o
b
e
l
i
u
m
1
0
2
L
r
L
a
w
r
e
n
c
i
u
m
1
0
3
1
H
H
y
d
r
o
g
e
n
1
7
L
i
L
i
t
h
i
u
m
3
2
3
N
a
S
o
d
i
u
m
1
1
2
4
M
g
M
a
g
n
e
s
i
u
m
1
2
4
0
C
a
C
a
l
c
i
u
m
2
0
4
5
S
c
S
c
a
n
d
i
u
m
2
1
4
8
T
i
T
i
t
a
n
i
u
m
2
2
5
1
V
V
a
n
a
d
i
u
m
2
3
5
2
C
r
C
h
r
o
m
i
u
m
2
4
5
5
M
n
M
a
n
g
a
n
e
s
e
2
5
5
6
F
e
I
r
o
n
2
6
5
9
C
o
C
o
b
a
l
t
2
7
5
9
N
i
N
i
c
k
e
l
2
8
6
4
C
u
C
o
p
p
e
r
2
9
6
5
Z
n
Z
i
n
c
3
0
7
0
G
a
G
a
l
l
i
u
m
3
1
2
7
A
l
A
l
u
m
i
n
i
u
m
1
3
1
1
B
B
o
r
o
n
5
1
2
C
C
a
r
b
o
n
6
1
4
N
N
i
t
r
o
g
e
n
7
1
6
O
O
x
y
g
e
n
8
1
9
F
F
l
u
o
r
i
n
e
9
2
8
S
i
S
i
l
i
c
o
n
1
4
3
1
P
P
h
o
s
p
h
o
r
u
s
1
5
3
2
S
S
u
l
p
h
u
r
1
6
3
5
.
5
C
l
C
h
l
o
r
i
n
e
1
7
4
0
A
r
A
r
g
o
n
1
8
2
0
N
e
N
e
o
n
1
0
4
H
e
H
e
l
i
u
m
2
7
3
G
e
G
e
r
m
a
n
i
u
m
3
2
7
5
A
s
A
r
s
e
n
i
c
3
3
7
9
S
e
S
e
l
e
n
i
u
m
3
4
8
0
B
r
B
r
o
m
i
n
e
3
5
8
4
K
r
K
r
y
p
t
o
n
3
6
3
9
K
P
o
t
a
s
s
i
u
m
1
9
8
8
S
r
S
t
r
o
n
t
i
u
m
3
8
8
9
Y
Y
t
t
r
i
u
m
3
9
9
1
Z
r
Z
i
r
c
o
n
i
u
m
4
0
9
3
N
b
N
i
o
b
i
u
m
4
1
9
6
M
o
M
o
l
y
b
d
e
n
u
m
4
2
T
c
T
e
c
h
n
e
t
i
u
m
4
3
1
0
1
R
u
R
u
t
h
e
n
i
u
m
4
4
1
0
3
R
h
R
h
o
d
i
u
m
4
5
1
0
6
P
d
P
a
l
l
a
d
i
u
m
4
6
1
0
8
A
g
S
i
l
v
e
r
4
7
1
1
2
C
d
C
a
d
m
i
u
m
4
8
1
1
5
I
n
I
n
d
i
u
m
4
9
1
1
9
S
n
T
i
n
5
0
1
2
2
S
b
A
n
t
i
m
o
n
y
5
1
1
2
8
T
e
T
e
l
l
u
r
i
u
m
5
2
1
2
7
I
I
o
d
i
n
e
5
3
1
3
1
X
e
X
e
n
o
n
5
4
1
3
7
B
a
B
a
r
i
u
m
5
6
1
3
9
L
a
L
a
n
t
h
a
n
u
m
5
7








*
1
7
8
H
f
H
a
f
n
i
u
m
7
2
1
8
1
T
a
T
a
n
t
a
l
u
m
7
3
1
8
4
W
T
u
n
g
s
t
e
n
7
4
1
8
6
R
e
R
h
e
n
i
u
m
7
5
1
9
0
O
s
O
s
m
i
u
m
7
6
1
9
2
I
r
I
r
i
d
i
u
m
7
7
1
9
5
P
t
P
l
a
t
i
n
u
m
7
8
1
9
7
A
u
G
o
l
d
7
9
2
0
1
H
g
M
e
r
c
u
r
y
8
0
2
0
4
T
l
T
h
a
l
l
i
u
m
8
1
2
0
7
P
b
L
e
a
d
8
2
2
0
9
B
i
B
i
s
m
u
t
h
8
3
P
o
P
o
l
o
n
i
u
m
8
4
A
t
A
s
t
a
t
i
n
e
8
5
R
n
R
a
d
o
n
8
6
F
r
F
r
a
n
c
i
u
m
8
7
2
2
7
A
c
A
c
t
i
n
i
u
m
8
9
















9
B
e
B
e
r
y
l
l
i
u
m
4
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
V
V
V
I
V
I
I
0
8
5
R
b
R
u
b
i
d
i
u
m
3
7
1
3
3
C
s
C
a
e
s
i
u
m
5
5
2
2
6
R
a
R
a
d
i
u
m
8
8
T
h
e

v
o
l
u
m
e

o
f

o
n
e

m
o
l
e

o
f

a
n
y

g
a
s

i
s

2
4
d
m
3
a
t

r
o
o
m

t
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

a
n
d

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

(
r
.
t
.
p
.
)
.
a
X
b
a

=

r
e
l
a
t
i
v
e

a
t
o
m
i
c

m
a
s
s
X

=

a
t
o
m
i
c

s
y
m
b
o
l
b

=

p
r
o
t
o
n

(
a
t
o
m
i
c
)

n
u
m
b
e
r
K
e
y
*
5
8
-
7
1

L
a
n
t
h
a
n
o
i
d

s
e
r
i
e
s

9
0
-
1
0
3

A
c
t
i
n
o
i
d

s
e
r
i
e
s

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->