UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

CHEMISTRY
PAPER 1 Multiple Choice MAY/JUNE SESSION 2000
Additional materials: Mathematical tables and/or calculator Multiple choice answer sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

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1 hour

TIME

1 hour

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the spaces provided unless this has already been done for you. There are forty questions in this paper. Answer all questions. For each question, there are four possible answers, A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheet. Read very carefully the instructions on the answer sheet. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet. Mathematical tables are available. You may use a calculator. A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.

This question paper consists of 14 printed pages and 2 blank pages.
SJF1393 QF06367/3 © UCLES 2000

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2 1 By which process does the smell of cooking spread to all the rooms in a house? A B C D decomposition diffusion displacement distillation

2

Trichloroethane is a solvent used to remove grease from clothing. How, after use, is the solvent separated from the grease? A B C D by chromatography by crystallisation by distillation by filtration

3

The diagram shows a chromatogram of several inks.

black Which statement is correct? A B C D

blue

brown

green

red

yellow

Black ink can be made by mixing green, red and yellow inks. Brown ink can be made by mixing blue and red inks. Yellow ink can be used to make brown ink. Yellow ink may be present in green ink.

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3 4 Which graph shows the temperature altering as steam at 110 °C is cooled to –10 °C? A B C D

temperature

temperature

temperature

time

time

time

temperature

time

5

Elements X, Y and Z are in the same period of the Periodic Table. X is a metal, Y is a non-metal and Z shows properties of both metals and non-metals. What is the order of increasing proton (atomic) number? lowest → highest A B C D X X Y Z Y Z Z Y Z Y X X

6

Which statement about an atom is true? A B C D All the elements have only one nucleon (mass) number. The nucleon (mass) number can be less than the proton (atomic) number. The nucleon (mass) number can equal the proton (atomic) number. The number of neutrons never equals the number of electrons.

7

In which pair of substances is each substance a mixture? A B C D air; water limewater; water quicklime; limewater sea water; air

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4 8 Elements X and Y react to form an ionic compound of formula XY. What could be the proton (atomic) numbers of X and Y? X A B C D 3 6 8 12 Y 8 8 16 16

9

Which of the following contains the same number of molecules as 9 g of water? A B C D 2 g of hydrogen gas 14 g of nitrogen gas 32 g of oxygen gas 44 g of carbon dioxide

10 Calcium reacts with water as shown. Ca(s) + 2H2O(l) → Ca(OH)2(aq) + H2(g) What is the total mass of the solution that remains when 40 g of calcium reacts with 100 g of water? A 58 g B 74 g C 138 g D 140 g

11 The diagram shows the apparatus used to electrolyse lead(II) bromide using inert electrodes.

lamp

lead(II) bromide

Why does the lamp light up only when the lead(II) bromide is melted? A B C D Bromine atoms in the lead(II) bromide are converted to ions when it is melted. Electrons flow through the lead(II) bromide when it is melted. The ions in lead(II) bromide are free to move only when the solid is melted. There are no ions in solid lead(II) bromide.
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5 12 The diagram shows the results of an electrolysis experiment using inert electrodes.

liquid X

+

Which of the following could be liquid X? A B C D aqueous copper(II) sulphate concentrated hydrochloric acid dilute sulphuric acid ethanol

13 In an experiment, rods of copper and zinc are dipped into dilute sulphuric acid, with their top ends touching. Hydrogen bubbles collect around the copper rod. zinc rod copper rod

hydrogen bubbles dilute sulphuric acid Which statement is correct about the experiment? A B C D Electrons flow from zinc to copper. Copper reacts with the acid. The zinc becomes coated with copper. The zinc is less reactive than copper.
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6 14 Curve I is obtained by observing the decomposition of 100 cm3 of 1 mol/dm3 aqueous hydrogen peroxide, catalysed by manganese(IV) oxide. 2H2O2(aq) → 2H2O(l) + O2(g)

I I volume of oxygen formed
Which alteration to the conditions will produce curve II? A B C D adding some 0.1 mol/dm3 aqueous hydrogen peroxide lowering the temperature using a better catalyst using less manganese(IV) oxide

15 In which stage in the manufacture of pure silicon is silicon oxidised? A impure silicon(IV) oxide heat with coke impure silicon B heat with chlorine impure silicon(IV) chloride

C D pure silicon heat with hydrogen

distil

pure silicon(IV) chloride

16 In which reaction does the oxidation state of iron remain unchanged? A B C D 2Fe + 3Cl2 → 2FeCl3 2FeCl2 + Cl2 → 2FeCl3 Fe + 2FeCl3 → 3FeCl2 Fe2O3 + 6HCl → 2FeCl3 + 3H2O

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7 17 A bee sting is acidic. Which household substance will neutralise a bee sting? A B C D damp bicarbonate of soda pH 8 damp common salt pH 7 lemon juice pH 5 vinegar pH 4

18 Which equation represents the neutralisation of dilute sulphuric acid by aqueous sodium hydroxide? A B C D H+ (aq) + OH–(aq) → H2O(l) → Na2SO4(aq) → Na+(aq) + H2O(l)

2– H2SO4(aq) + 2OH–(aq) → SO4 (aq) + 2H2O(l) 2– 2Na+(aq) + SO4 (aq)

NaOH(aq) + H+(aq)

19 The diagram shows some reactions of copper compounds. Which change is made by adding an acid?

D

malachite CuCO3

A

copper(II) sulphate CuSO4

copper(II) oxide CuO

C

copper Cu

B

20 Why does the colour of aqueous potassium bromide change when chlorine gas is bubbled into it? A B C D A compound is formed between chlorine and bromine. A solution of potassium chloride is formed. The chlorine oxidises bromide ions to bromine. The potassium bromide is reduced.
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8 21 Which list contains three elements that all exist as diatomic molecules at room temperature? A B C D hydrogen, fluorine, neon nitrogen, chlorine, neon nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine oxygen, chlorine, helium

22 Which statement shows that iron is a transition metal? A B C D Iron(II) sulphate crystals are green. Iron(III) oxide is basic. Iron rusts in moist air. Iron reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid.

23 Which carbonate decomposes on heating to give a black solid and a colourless gas? A B C D calcium carbonate copper(II) carbonate sodium carbonate zinc carbonate

24 Which substance is not an essential raw material in the extraction of iron in a blast furnace? A B C D air coke limestone sand

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9 25 Three experiments to investigate the reactivities of three metals are shown.

chromium aqueous nickel sulphate result: nickel displaced

manganese aqueous nickel sulphate nickel displaced

chromium aqueous manganese(II) sulphate manganese not displaced

What is the correct order of reactivity for these three metals? most reactive A B C D chromium manganese manganese nickel → manganese chromium nickel chromium least reactive nickel nickel chromium manganese

26 Which element is liberated at a carbon cathode when aqueous sodium chloride is electrolysed? A B C D chlorine hydrogen oxygen sodium

27 Which element reacts with oxygen to form a compound that is a gas at room temperature? A B C D magnesium hydrogen copper carbon

28 Which ion reacts with aqueous ammonia to give a precipitate that dissolves in an excess of ammonia? A Al3+(aq) B Fe2+(aq) C Fe3+(aq) D Zn2+(aq)

29 In which reaction does dilute sulphuric acid act as an oxidising agent? A B C D Zn + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2 ZnO + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2O Zn(OH)2 + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + 2H2O ZnCO3 + H2SO4 → ZnSO4 + H2O + CO2
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10 30 Which of the following is composed of silicon dioxide? A B C D glass mica quartz silicone plastic

31 The diagram shows, by percentages, the principal large-scale uses of chlorine. water treatment making epoxypropane 5% other uses 10% making other organic compounds 7% 23% making chloroalkanes making PVC 20% 12% making hydrogen chloride and domestic bleaches

11% 12%

bleaching woodpulp and paper

What is the total pecentage of chlorine used in making organic compounds? A 34% B 54% C 61% D 73%

32 Which product is not manufactured using calcium carbonate? A B C D cement chlorine glass iron

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11 33 Which pair of structures are isomers of each other? H A H C H H C H H H H C H H C H H C H H

H B H C H C

O H O H

H C H

H C H O H

H H C H C H H C H H C H O H H H C H O C H H C H H

H D H C C

H H H

H C H

H C H

H C H

H C H H

34 The diagrams show the structures of three hydrocarbons. H H H C H H C H H C H H H H H C H C C H H H C H H H H C H H C H H C H H C H H

Which statement is correct for all three compounds? A B C D They are isomers of each other. They have the same general formula. They have the same physical properties. They react with aqueous bromine.

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12 35 The diagram represents an organic compound that contains three different elements.

What could be the compound? A B C D ethanoic acid ethanol propane propene

36 Which of the following reacts with sodium carbonate to produce carbon dioxide? H A H C H H B H C H H C H C H H D H C H C O H C C O H H C H O H

O

H C H

O H C H H C H H

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13 37 One mole of a hydrocarbon X reacted completely with one mole of hydrogen gas in the presence of a heated catalyst. What could be the formula of X? A C2H6 B C3H8 C C5H10 D C7H16

38 Nylon (a polyamide) and Terylene (a polyester) are both man-made fibres. Which type of reaction is used to produce both of these polymers? A B C D addition condensation fermentation hydrolysis

39 A carbohydrate such as starch can be represented as follows. X What is X? A B C D carbon hydrogen nitrogen oxygen X X X

40 Part of a polymer molecule has the following structure. ––CH2 ––CH2 ––CH2 ––CH2 ––CH2 ––CH2 –– From which substance is this polymer made? A C2H4 B C2H6 C C3H6 D C3H8

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14 BLANK PAGE

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15 BLANK PAGE

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DATA SHEET The Periodic Table of the Elements
Group III
1

I H
Hydrogen

II

IV

V

VI

VII

0
4

He
Helium

1 11 12 14 16 19

2 20

7

9

Li
Boron Carbon

Be
5 27 28 6 7 31

B

C

N
Nitrogen

O
Oxygen

F
Fluorine

Ne
Neon

Lithium

Beryllium

3

4

8 32

9 35.5

10 40

23

24

Na
Aluminium

Mg
13 52 55 56 59 59 64 65 70 14 73

Al Si

P
Phosphorus

S
Sulphur

Cl
Chlorine

Ar
Argon

Sodium

Magnesium

Silicon

11

12

15 75

16 79

17 80

18 84

39

40

45

48

51

K
Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc

Ca
24 96 101 103 106 108 112 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 115

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga
Gallium

Ge
Germanium

As
Arsenic

Se
Selenium

Br
Bromine

Kr
Krypton

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

Titanium

Vanadium

16

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19

20

21

22

23

32 119

33 122

34 128

35 127

36 131

85

88

89

91

93

Rb
Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver

Sr
42 184 186 190 192 195 197 43 44 45 46 47 48 201

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd
Cadmium

In
Indium

Sn
Tin

Sb
Antimony

Te
Tellurium

I
Iodine

Xe
Xenon

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

Zirconium

Niobium

37

38

39

40

41

49 204

50 207

51 209

52

53

54

133

137

139

178

181

Cs
Tungsten Iridium Rhenium Osmium Platinum Gold

Ba
74 77 75 76 78 79

La W Re Os Pt Au

Hf

Ta

Ir

Hg
Mercury

Tl
Thallium

Pb
Lead

Bi
Bismuth

Po
Polonium

At
Astatine

Rn
Radon

Caesium

Barium

Lanthanum

Hafnium

Tantalum

55

56

57

*

72

73

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

226

227

Fr
141 144 150 152

Ra

Ac
157 159 162 165 167 169 173 175

Francium

Radium

Actinium

87

88

89

140

*58-71 Lanthanoid series †90-103 Actinoid series Pr
Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium

Ce
59 238 60 61 62

Nd

Pm

Sm
Samarium

Eu
Europium

Gd
Gadolinium

Tb
Terbium

Dy
Dysprosium

Ho
Holmium

Er
Erbium

Tm
Thulium

Yb
Ytterbium

Lu
Lutetium

Cerium

58

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

a

a = relative atomic mass

232

Key Pa
Protactinium Uranium

X U
92 93 91

X = atomic symbol

Th

Np
Neptunium

Pu
Plutonium

Am
Americium

Cm
Curium

Bk
Berkelium

Cf
Californium

Es
Einsteinium

Fm
Fermium

Md
Mendelevium

No
Nobelium

Lr
Lawrencium

b

b = proton (atomic) number

Thorium

90

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).

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