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Chemstry June 2001 - Paper 1

Chemstry June 2001 - Paper 1

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10/29/2011

UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE LOCAL EXAMINATIONS SYNDICATE General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level

CHEMISTRY
PAPER 1 Multiple Choice MAY/JUNE SESSION 2001
Additional materials: Mathematical tables and/or calculator Multiple choice answer sheet Soft clean eraser Soft pencil (type B or HB is recommended)

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1 hour

TIME

1 hour

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Do not open this booklet until you are told to do so. Write your name, Centre number and candidate number on the answer sheet in the spaces provided unless this has already been done for you. There are forty questions in this paper. Answer all questions. For each question, there are four possible answers, A, B, C and D. Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the separate answer sheet. Read very carefully the instructions on the answer sheet. INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES Each correct answer will score one mark. A mark will not be deducted for a wrong answer. Any rough working should be done in this booklet. Mathematical tables are available. You may use a calculator. A copy of the Periodic Table is printed on page 16.

This question paper consists of 16 printed pages.
SB (CW/CG) QF10456/3 © UCLES 2001

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2 1 The coverplate was removed from the gas jars shown in the diagram. After several days, the colour of the gas was the same in both jars.

oxygen cover plate bromine

Which statement explains this change? A B C D Oxygen and bromine gases have equal densities. Oxygen and bromine molecules are in random motion. Oxygen and bromine molecules diffuse at the same rate. Equal volumes of oxygen and bromine contain equal numbers of molecules.

2

A 50 cm3 sample of alcohol is mixed with 50 cm3 of water. 50 cm3 of alcohol

50 cm3 of water

The volume of the mixed alcohol and water is found to be 97 cm3. Which of the following is the best explanation? A B C D Alcohol molecules fit into gaps between water molecules. Some alcohol molecules evaporate. Water and alcohol react to form a gas which escapes. Water and alcohol react to produce a salt which then dissolves.

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3 3 The apparatus shown is used to distil a dilute solution of ethanol in water. [B.P. ethanol, 78 °C, water 100 °C]

thermometer

water out

fractionating column water in

boiling flask mixture of ethanol and water heat Which graph shows the change in concentration of the ethanol in the boiling flask as the distillation proceeds. concentration of ethanol A B concentration of ethanol

0

time

0

time

concentration of ethanol C D

concentration of ethanol

0

time

0

time

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4 4 What is the formula of uranium(VI) oxide? A U6O B U2O3 C UO3 D UO6

5

Which of the following describes the structure of diamond? A B C D a giant structure of atoms bonded covalently a regular arrangement of oppositely charged ions layers of rings of atoms positively charged ions surrounded by a ‘sea of electrons’

6

Which of the following describes the electrical conductivity of sodium chloride? electrical conductivity when solid A B C D no no yes yes when molten no yes no yes in aqueous solution no yes no yes

7

One mole of hydrated copper(II) sulphate, CuSO4.5H2O, is dissolved in water. How many moles of ions does the solution contain? A 1 B 2 C 6 D 7

8

Which quantity is the same for one mole of ethanol and one mole of ethane? A B C D mass number of atoms number of molecules volume at r.t.p.

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5 9 A compound P is the only substance formed when two volumes of ammonia gas react with one volume of carbon dioxide (both volumes being measured at r.t.p.). What is the most likely formula of P? A B C D (NH4)2CO3 NH2CO2NH4 (NH2)2CO NH4CO2NH4

10 What is the definition of nucleon (mass) number? A B C D the mass in grams of an atom the number of electrons in an atom the number of nuclei in a molecule the total number of protons and neutrons in an atom

11 The diagram shows two electrolysis cells, X and Y.

inert anode

inert cathode

copper anode

copper cathode

aqueous copper(II) sulphate cell X What are the changes in mass, if any, of the anodes? cell X A B C D decrease decrease increase no change cell Y decrease increase no change decrease cell Y

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6 12 Rubidium, Rb, is in the same group of the Periodic Table as sodium. Which products are obtained from the electrolysis of concentrated aqueous rubidium chloride? cathode product A B C D hydrogen hydrogen rubidium rubidium solution produced acidic alkaline acidic alkaline

13 The diagram shows a simple cell in which metals X and Y are the electrodes. voltmeter

electrolyte X Y

Which pair of metals would be expected to produce the highest voltage? X A B C D Cu Mg Mg Zn Y Ag Ag Zn Fe

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7 14 The rate of the reaction between a given mass of calcium carbonate and an excess of hydrochloric acid was studied by collecting the carbon dioxide in a graduated syringe. The results are shown in the graph. 100

80

total volume of carbon dioxide/cm3

60

40

20

0

0

1

2

3 time/min

4

5

6

How much time was required for half the calcium carbonate to react? A 0.95 min B 1.5 min C 2.0 min D 3.0 min

15 At 400 °C the reaction between hydrogen and iodine reaches an equilibrium. H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g) ∆H = –13 kJ/mol

Which change in conditions would increase the percentage of hydrogen iodide in the equilibrium mixture? A B C D a decrease in pressure a decrease in temperature an increase in pressure an increase in temperature

16 Which reaction is an example of a redox reaction? A B C D CuO + H2SO4 → CuSO4 + H2O H+ + OH– → H2O Ag+ + Cl – → AgCl 2SO2 + O2 → 2SO3

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8 17 Which of the following is a characteristic property of alkalis in aqueous solution? A B C D They liberate ammonia from ammonium salts. They liberate carbon dioxide from carbonates. They give hydrogen with any metal. They turn Universal Indicator paper red.

18 The formulae of some oxides are shown below. Na2O MgO A l2 O 3 SO2 CO2 Which entry in the table gives the correct number of each type of oxide? number of each type of oxide acidic A B C D 1 2 1 2 amphoteric 2 0 1 1 basic 2 3 3 2

19 The table shows the solubilities of some lead salts. salt PbCl2 PbCO3, PbSO4 Pb(NO3)2 solubility in water slightly soluble in cold water, soluble in hot water insoluble soluble

What will be the best method for making a sample of lead(II) chloride? A B C D Add dilute hydrochloric acid to aqueous lead(II) nitrate, filter. Heat lead(II) sulphate with dilute hydrochloric acid, cool, filter. Heat powdered lead with aqueous sodium chloride, cool, filter. Shake lead(II) carbonate with cold dilute hydrochloric acid, filter.

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9 20 Which element is in Group IV, Period 5 of the Periodic Table? A B C D antimony arsenic lead tin

21 A metal X forms oxides with the formulae XO and X2O3. Where is X in the Periodic Table? A B C D in Group II in Group III the second Period in the transition elements

22 Fluorine is the first element in Group VII of the Periodic Table. Which statement about fluorine is not correct? A B C D It is a gas at room temperature and pressure. Its molecules are monatomic at room temperature. It is a more powerful oxidising agent than chlorine. It forms ionic compounds with metals.

23 Which element is always present with iron in mild steel? A B C D aluminium carbon chromium nickel

24 Hydrogen gas will reduce A B C D calcium oxide, silver oxide, magnesium oxide, potassium oxide.

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10 25 Copper(II) oxide is reduced to copper as shown. The burner is then turned off but the hydrogen is kept flowing until the tube is cold. excess hydrogen burning dry hydrogen copper(II) oxide

burner What is the main reason why the hydrogen is kept flowing? A B C D to lessen the risk of explosion in the hot tube to make certain that the reaction is complete to prevent the copper from reacting with the air to remove any traces of water left in the tube

26 The diagram shows how hydrogen can be manufactured and used. substance X heated catalyst steam hydrogen unsaturated vegetable oil catalyst substance Y carbon monoxide

Which substances could be X and Y? X A B C D methane methane ethene ethene Y margarine soap soap margarine

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11 27 Iron filings are wrapped in a damp cloth and left to rust in the apparatus as shown. Which letter indicates the water level when rusting has finished? iron filings in the damp cloth cm3 10 20 30 40 50 rusty iron filings in damp cloth cm3 10 20 30 40 50

graduated tube

graduated tube A B C D

water level at start

water

28 Farmers use potassium chloride on agricultural land. Why is it used? A B C D It removes excess acidity in the soil. It kills harmful bacteria in the soil. It provides potassium which is essential for healthy plant growth. It reacts with salts in the soil releasing ammonia.

29 In which pair do both pollutants cause damage to buildings? A B C D carbon monoxide and lead compounds carbon monoxide and sulphur dioxide lead compounds and nitrogen dioxide nitrogen dioxide and sulphur dioxide

30 Which substances can be obtained from calcium carbonate using only heat and water? A B C D Ca, Ca, CaO, CaO, CaO, Ca(OH)2 Ca(OH)2, CO2, Ca(OH)2 CO2 CO2 O2

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12 31 The properties of two varieties of an element are shown in the table. variety 1 colourless solid hard cannot conduct electricity variety 2 black solid soft conducts electricity

What do these descriptions of the two varieties indicate? A B C D They are allotropes of the same element. They are isotopes of the same element. They are isomers of the same substances. They are members of the same homologous series.

32 Graphite is used to make A B C D glass, cutting tools, electrical wiring, electrodes.

33 A mineral X dissolves in dilute hydrochloric acid, giving off a gas which turns limewater milky. When aqueous ammonia is added to the colourless solution, a white precipitate is formed. The precipitate dissolves in an excess of aqueous ammonia to give a colourless solution. What is X? A B C D calcium carbonate copper(II) carbonate zinc carbonate zinc sulphide

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13 34 A mixture containing 1 mole of ethene and 4 moles of oxygen is ignited, in a sealed container at 100 °C. The reaction occurring is shown by the equation. C2H4(g) + 3O2(g) → 2CO2(g) + 2H2O(g) What was the total number of moles of gas at the end of the reaction? A B C D 2 3 4 5

35 All the members of a homologous series have the same A B C D empirical formula, general formula, molecular formula, physical properties.

36 The structural formula of butenedioic acid is shown. O C H O H C H C C O H O

Which statement about butenedioic acid is not correct? A B C D It decolourises aqueous bromine. Its aqueous solution reacts with sodium carbonate. Its empirical formula is the same as its molecular formula. Its relative molecular mass is 116.

37 Vinegar is a solution of ethanoic acid made by the reaction of ethanol with air. Which gas in air takes part in this reaction? A B C D carbon dioxide nitrogen oxygen water vapour

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14 38 ‘The polymer …1… has the same linkages as …2… . It is therefore likely to be …3… by heating with aqueous acids and alkalis.’ Which set of words correctly completes the sentences above? 1 A B C D nylon poly(ethene) starch Terylene 2 proteins carbohydrates esters fats 3 unaffected unaffected unaffected hydrolysed

39 Poly(carbonates) are synthetic polymers. Their structure can be as shown. O O C O O O C O

Which of the following has a type of linkage similar to that of a poly(carbonate)? A B C D a polyamide a polyester poly(propene) starch

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15 40 A hydrocarbon X reacts in darkness with bromine to form the compound with the formula shown. Br H C H Br C H Br C H Br C H H

What is the formula of the hydrocarbon X? A H H C H H C H H C H H C H H

B H C H H C H C H H C H H

C H

H C H

H C

H C

H C H H

D

H C H

H C

H C C

H

H

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DATA SHEET The Periodic Table of the Elements
Group III
1

I H
Hydrogen

II

IV

V

VI

VII

0
4

He
Helium

1 11 12 14 16 19

2 20

7

9

Li
Boron Carbon Nitrogen

Be
5 27 28 6 7 31

B

C

N
8

O
Oxygen

F
Fluorine

Ne
Neon

Lithium

Beryllium

3

4

9 32 35.5

10 40

23

24

Na
Aluminium Silicon

Mg
13 52 55 56 59 59 64 65 70 14 73

Al Si

P
Phosphorus

S
Sulphur

Cl
Chlorine

Ar
Argon

Sodium

Magnesium

11

12

15 75

16 79

17 80

18 84

39

40

45

48

51

K
Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium

Ca
24 96 101 103 106 108 112 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 115

Sc

Ti

V

Cr

Mn

Fe

Co

Ni

Cu

Zn

Ga
32

Ge
Germanium

As
Arsenic

Se
Selenium

Br
Bromine

Kr
Krypton

Potassium

Calcium

Scandium

Titanium

Vanadium

19

20

21

22

23

33 119 122

34 128

35 127

36 131

16

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85

88

89

91

93

Rb
Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver

Sr
42 184 195 186 190 192 197 43 44 45 46 47 48 201

Y

Zr

Nb

Mo

Tc

Ru

Rh

Pd

Ag

Cd
Cadmium

In
Indium

Sn
Tin

Sb
Antimony

Te
Tellurium

I
Iodine

Xe
Xenon

Rubidium

Strontium

Yttrium

Zirconium

Niobium

37

38

39

40

41

49 204

50 207

51 209

52

53

54

133

137

139

178

181

Cs
Tungsten Iridium Rhenium Osmium Platinum Gold

Ba
74 77 75 76 78 79

La W Re Os Pt Au

Hf

Ta

Ir

Hg
Mercury

Tl
Thallium

Pb
Lead

Bi
Bismuth

Po
Polonium

At
Astatine

Rn
Radon

Caesium

Barium

Lanthanum

Hafnium

Tantalum

55

56

57

*

72

73

80

81

82

83

84

85

86

226

227

Fr
141 144 150 152

Ra

Ac
157 159 162 165 167 169 173 175

Francium

Radium

Actinium

87

88

89

140

*58-71 Lanthanoid series †90-103 Actinoid series Pr
Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium

Ce
59 238 60 61 62

Nd

Pm

Sm
Samarium

Eu
Europium

Gd
Gadolinium

Tb
Terbium

Dy
Dysprosium

Ho
Holmium

Er
Erbium

Tm
Thulium

Yb
Ytterbium

Lu
Lutetium

Cerium

58

63

64

65

66

67

68

69

70

71

a

a = relative atomic mass

232

Key Pa
Protactinium Uranium

X U
92 93

X = atomic symbol
91

Th

Np
Neptunium

Pu
Plutonium

Am
Americium

Cm
Curium

Bk
Berkelium

Cf
Californium

Es
Einsteinium

Fm
Fermium

Md
Mendelevium

No
Nobelium

Lr
Lawrencium

b

b = proton (atomic) number

Thorium

90

94

95

96

97

98

99

100

101

102

103

The volume of one mole of any gas is 24 dm3 at room temperature and pressure (r.t.p.).

17

5070/1/M/J/01

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