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@vaalaITI saikla

saik-la
A Concept of Employee
Involvement

Prepared & Presented by : Rakesh Kumar (MBA, M.Phill- Human Resources

@yaa Aapnao kBaI saaocaa hO ik kuC doSa evaM kmpnaIyaa bahut Aagao inakla jaato hOAaOr
kuC bahut ipCo rh jaato hO. [sako pICo @yaa karNa hO :
[sako pICo karNa hO ]sa doSa mao kmpnaI mao rhnao vaalao
evaM kama krnao vaalao
naagairk tqaa kmacaarI.
kma-caarI.
caarI
]na kmacaairyaao ko saaocanao evaM kama krnao ka ZMga va
kma-caairyaao
tirka.
tirka.
yah baat ibalkula sa%ya hO ik iksaI BaI doSa ka ivakasa
]samao rhnao vaalao laaogaao kI gauNava%ta pr inaBa-r krtaa hO.
Agar hma kmpnaI kI baat kro tao kmpnaI ka ivakasa
]samao kama krnao vaalao kma-caairyaao kI saaoca tqaa gauNava%ta
pr inaBa-r krta hO.
saBaI kma-caairyaao mao jaao kma-caarI Saa^p Flaaor pr kaya- kr rho hO ]nakI ijammaodarI
bahut AiQak baZ jaatI hO. @yaaoik Saa^p Flaaor pr kaya- krnao vaalao kma-caarI ]sa
saOinak kI trh hO ijasako ibanaa yau_ ijatnao kI klpnaa BaI nahI kI jaa saktI hO.

Aaja baajaar mao p`itspQaa- bahut AiQak baZ ga[- hO. ga`ahk kI ApoxaaeoM lagaatar baZ
rhI hO. ga`ahk kao santuYT krnao ko ilayao hmao inamna baataoM ka Qyaana rKnaa pDogaa.

]%padkta

Productivity

]%padna kI AcCI gauNava%ta

Quality

kma laagat

Cost

samaya pr iDlaIvarI
saurxaa

Delivery
Safety
Morale

kma-caairyaao ka manaaobala

Dusaro ivaSva yau_ mao Amaoirka nao jaapana ko Sahr ihraoSaImaa evaM naagaaSaakI pr prmaaNau
bama igarayaoM ijasasao jaapana mao bahut tbaahI hu[- AaOr jaapana pUrI trh babaa-d hao gayaa.

Gen. Douglas Mc Arthor

William Edward Deming

PDCA Cycle

Modified PDCA Cycle


By Dr.Ishikawa
DECIDE
GOALS &
OBJECTIVES
TAKE ACTION
HOW TO ACHIEVE GOALS
& OBJECTIVES
ARRANGE TRAINING
& RETRAINING
CHECK THE
RESULTS

Dr. K. Ishikawa

DO

Quality Circle

Dr. K. Ishikawa
1961

Quality Circle
JUSE :- Union of Japanese Scientist & Engineers
1962
20 Quality Circle Registers Under JUSE

Baart mao @vaalaITI saik-la kI mauihma SaU$


krnao ka Eaoya EaI esa Aar ]dPpa kao jaata hO
. ]nhaonao 1981 mao BHEL hOdrabaad mao @vaalaITI
saik-la kI Sau$Aat kI. vat-maana mao hmaaro doSa
mao @vaalaITI saik-la ka saMcaalana @yaU saI ef
Aa[- naamak saMsqaa krtI hO ijsaka mau#yaalaya
isakndrabaad mao isqat hO.

Sh. S.R.Udappa

hmaara xao~ idllaI caOpTr ko Ant-gat Aata hO


ijasaka kayaa-laya gauDgaava mao isqat hO.

@vaalaITI saik-la kma-caairyaao ka svaocCa sao banaayaa gayaa samauh hO jaao Apnao kaya-xao~
kI samasyaaAao kao samaJato hO ]naka ivaSlaoYaNa krto hO AaOr ]naka samaaQaama krto
hO. saamaanyat: @vaalaITI saik-la mao 5 sao 10 sadsya haoto hO. sadsyaao kI saM#yaa pr
inayan~Na AavaSyak hO taik @vaalaITI saik-la kI maIiTMga mao p`BaavaSaalaI Zmga sao
ivacaarao ka Aadana p`dana hao sako.
nayaI pirBaaYaa : @vaalaITI saik-la Saa^p Flaaor pr kaya- krnao vaalao kma-caairyaao ka
svaocCa sao banaayaa gayaa CaoTa samauh hO ijasao svaaya%ta p`dana kI jaatI hO taik vah
Apnao kaya-xao~ kI samasyaaeo evaM Apnao kaya- ]%pad AaOr saovaaAaoM kI gauNava%ta mao
inarntr sauQaar laato rho hO.

maanyatayaoM :
 p`%yaok kma-caarI caaho iksaI BaI str pr hO vah gauNava%ta yau@t kaya- krnaa
caahta hO AaOr saMsqaana ko ivakasa mao Apnaa yaaogadana donaa caahta hO.
 jaao vyai@t ijasa sqaana sToja va maSaIna pr kaya- kr rha hO ]sakao ]sakI
sabasao AiQak jaanahkarI hO.
 samauh banaakr kaya- krnaa AiQak p`BaavaSaalaI haota hO.
 kma-caarI kI CuPaI hu[- p`itBaa kao baahr inakalata hO.

]doSya :
 svayaM ka savaa-igaNa ivakasa
 ]%padna kI gauNava%ta mao sauQaar
 dRiYTkaoNa mao badlaava
 ivacaarao ka Aadana p`dana
 laagat kao kma krnaa
 samasyaa samaaQaana mao inapuNata
 TIma Baavanaa kao baZanaa
 sahBaaigata kao baZavaa donaa
 naotR%va kI Baavanaa ka ivakasa krnaa

Top Management

Facilitator

Steering Committee

Quality Circle

Coordinator

Specialist

Leader/Dy. Leader

Members/ Non
Members

 @vaalaITI saik-la mao AnauSaasana banaayao rKnaa


 @vaalaITI saik-la kI inayaimat imaiTMga krnaa
 saik-la ko ik`yaaklaapao ka irka^D- rKnaa
 samauh kao laxya kI Aaor Aga`sar rKnaa
 yaaojanaa Anausaar kaya- krnaa
 fOisalaIToTr ko saaqa samanvaya rKnaa
 dusaro ivaBaagaao ko saaqa samanvaya rKnaa
 samauh ko p`iSaxaNa ko ilayao fOisalaIToTr ko saaqa samanvaya rKnaa
 @vaalaITI saik-la Wara ikyao gayao samasyaa samaaQaana kao laagau krvaanaa
 @vaalaITI saik-la Wara ikyao gayao kayaao- kao p`stut krnaa

 @vaalaITI saik-la mao AnauSaasana banaayao rKnaa


 @vaalaITI saik-la kI inayaimat imaiTMga krnaa
 samasyaa samaaQaana laagau krnao mao sahayata rKnaa
 @vaalaITI saik-la kI gaitvaIQaIyaao pr najar rKnaa
 saik-la maOmbar kao maaoTIvaoT krnaa
 p`banQana sao samanvaya rKnaa
 pUNa- ikyao gayao p`aojao@T ka p`stutIkrNa tOyaar krnaa
 p`iSaxaNa ka p`banQa krnaa
 samasyaa samaaQaana tknaIkaoM ka &ana donaa
 dusaro ivaBaagaao sao samanvaya rKnaa

kmacaarI pr p`Baava :
kma-caarI
 @vaalaITI saik-la kma-caarI kI CuPaI hu[- p`itBaa ka inaKarnao ka PlaoTfama- p`dana
krta hO.
 yah kma-caarI mao Aa%ma ivaSvaasa kI Baavanaa kao baZataa hO.
 Baa[-caaro kI Baavanaa jaagaRt krta hO.
 yah ina%yakaya- sao hTkr nayao kaya- ka &ana p`dana krta hO.
 kma-caairyaao kI kmyaUinakoSana mao inapuNata p`dana krta hO.
 samasyaa samaaQaana tknaIk ka &ana p`dama krta hO.

kmpnaI pr p`Baava :
 gauNava%ta mao sauQaar
 ]%padkta mao sauQaar
 laagat mao kmaI
 kma-caairyaao ka ivakasa
 baohtr saMbaMQa
 kaya-sqala vaatavarNa mao sauQaar

SaarIirk
ivakasa

Aqyaai%mak
ivakasa

kmacaarI
Baavaa%mak
ivakasa

maanaisak
ivakasa

STEPS

Step-1

Step-2

Step-3

METHODS

TOOLS

Problem Identification

Brainstorming
and
categorization in A,B,C

Selection of Problem

Rating/ Pareto Analysis


based on data of PPL

Define the Problem

Use of Flow chart

STEPS

Step-4

Step-5

Step-6

METHODS
Analysis of Problem

Identification of causes

Find the root cause

TOOLS

Data collection
possible aspect

on

all

Brain storming & cause and


effect diagram
Collect data cause.

STEPS

Step-7

Step-8

Step-9

METHODS
Data Analysis

Development of
solution

Probable Resistance

TOOLS

Various charts, graphs &


other tools

Brain storming,
diagram

Perato

Brainstorming presentation

STEPS

Step-10

Step-11

Step-12

METHODS

TOOLS

Trial Implementation

Collect data from step 1-9 &


analyze the process trend

Regular
Implementation

On the basis of regular


implementation may be
done

Review

Time to time evaluation at


least six monthly

kmpnaI pr p`Baava :
 AQaurI tOyaarI ko saaqa @vaalaITI saik-la kI Sau$Aat
 jaanakarI ka ABaava
 imaiTMga kI Ainayamatta
 p`iSaxaNa ka ABaava
 naotR%va kI Baavanaa ka ABaava
 sammaana kI kmaI
 samaaQaana laagau krnao mao dorI
 maOmbar kI A$ica

Remedies for many pitfalls are indeed very


SIMPLE.
S - Support & commitment of top management
I - Involvement of middle management.
M Motivation of members.
P - Perseverance of facilitators.
L - Leadership quality of leader.
E - Education & training.

 ivacaarao%jana
 strIkrNa
 pOrTao ivaSlaoYaNa
 Flaao Da[-ga`ama
 karNa evaM p`Baava ica~
 ga`af
 AakDao ka ek~IkrNa