Current Trends in Information System

Overview   Introduction to 4G Technicalities Involved   Tools Configuration    Future Prospects of 4G Application of 4G in Business Q&A .

INTRODUCTION • 4G is the fourth generation of Mobile Telephony • It is a successor of the famous 3G network • The goal of the network is to provide a comprehensive and secure network connection at much faster speed than the previous generations • Already started in countries like US & China but still is in nascent form in India • BHARTI AIRTEL was the first company to provide the service in Kolkata .

SPECIAL FEATURES • High quality service and real fast data transfer rate • High Definition Mobile TV • 3D Television • High-End graphics • Video Conferencing • Better reception & less dropped data • Speed of upto 100 mbps .


The global adoption of 4G LTE is a good example of such flattening technology. as Thomas Friedman puts it. The world is flat. and telecommunication technology is one of the forces flattening the world. .

. They also make it possible to control the bandwidth and form the spectrum in a flexible way. Interleaved FDMA and Multi-carrier CDMA (MCCDMA) are gaining more importance for the next generation systems. new access schemes like Orthogonal FDMA (OFDMA). which is based on two parallel infrastructures consisting of circuit switched and packet switched network nodes respectively.Difference Between 3G & 4G • Unlike 3G. 4G will be based on packet switching only. Single Carrier FDMA (SCFDMA). • Recently. These are based on efficient FFT algorithms and frequency domain equalization.

UMB and OFDM standards lack soft-handover support. As opposed to earlier generations. IEEE 802.( multi- antenna and multi-user MIMO)  Frequency-domain-equalization.20. for example multi-carrier modulation or single-carrier modulation. also known as cooperative relaying.  Frequency-domain statistical multiplexing. 4G systems does not support circuit switched telephony. Physical layer transmission techniques are as follows:  MIMO: To attain ultra high spectral efficiency . for Variable bit rate by assigning different sub-channels to different users based on the channel conditions  Turbo principle error-correcting codes: To minimize the required SNR at the reception side .

 Channel-dependent scheduling: To use the time- varying channel  Link adaptation: Adaptive modulation and errorcorrecting codes  Mobile-IP utilized for mobility  IP-based femtocells .

What is LTE??  A standard for wireless communication of high-speed data for mobile phones and data terminals  Based on the GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA network technologies  The standard is developed by the 3GPP .

scaled linearly       according to spectrum allocation Improving spectral efficiency Lowering costs Improving services Making use of new spectrum opportunities Improved quality of service Better integration with other open standards .Goals of LTE  Significantly increase peak data rates.

LTE Network Architecture .

e.. 5 bit/s/Hz) • Instantaneous uplink peak data rate of 50Mbit/s in a 20MHz uplink spectrum (i.e.Performance Requirements Data Rate: • Instantaneous downlink peak data rate of 100Mbit/s in a 20MHz downlink spectrum (i. 200 active data clients) Mobility: • Optimized for low mobility(0-15km/h) but supports high speed . 2.5 bit/s/Hz) Cell range: • 5 km .e.optimal size • 30km sizes with reasonable performance • Upto 100km cell sizes supported with acceptable performance Cell capacity: • Upto 200 active users per cell(5 MHz) (i.

Performance Requirements(contd. and. 10MHz. when there is no coverage.) Latency :  user plane < 5ms  control plane < 50 ms Improved spectrum efficiency Cost-effective migration from Release 6 Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (UTRA) radio interface and architecture Improved broadcasting IP-optimized Scalable bandwidth of 20MHz. 15MHz. continue the operation without any action on their part using GSM/GPRS or W-CDMA-based UMTS) . 5MHz and <5MHz Co-existence with legacy standards (users can transparently start a call or transfer of data in an area using an LTE standard.

two 8-state constituent encoders.Key Features  Multiple access scheme  Downlink: OFDMA  Uplink: Single Carrier FDMA (SC-FDMA)     Adaptive modulation and coding DL modulations: QPSK. and a contention. 16QAM. and 64QAM UL modulations: QPSK and 16QAM Rel-6 Turbo code: Coding rate of 1/ internal interleaver. spectrum bands support MBMS  Bandwidth scalability for efficient operation in differently sized allocated  Possible support for operating as single frequency network (SFN) to .

 Power control and link adaptation   Implicit support for interference coordination Support for both FDD and TDD  Channel dependent scheduling & link adaptation for enhanced performance.  ARQ within RLC sublayer and Hybrid ARQ within MAC sublayer.Key Features (contd. protocol-related processing time & call set-up time .  Reduced radio-access-network nodes to reduce cost.)  Multiple Antenna (MIMO) technology for enhanced data rate and performance.

3. 5. 10 and 20 Mhz 200 active users per cell in 5 MHz Coverage Scalable Bandwidths Capacity .Peak Data Rate Downlink (DL) Peak Data Rate Uplink (UL) Transmission Bandwidth DL Transmission Bandwidth UL Mobility 150 Mbps 75 Mbps 20 MHz 20 MHz Optimized for low speeds (<15 km/hr) High performance at speeds upto 120 km/hr Maintain links at speeds upto 350 km/hr Full performance upto 5 km 1. 3.

Application of 4G in Business .

 Peak Times  Better Security  Global Adoption .

 Backward Compatibility with 3G  Future availability of more 4G devices and applications  Data Capacity .

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