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*PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE =>se poate traduce cu -prezentul=>RAR -perfectul compus=>DES S+TO HAVE(prezent)+Vb-3f Utilizari: ~pentru a exprima o actiune

recent consumata fara a fi specificat momentul trecut in care a avut loc ex: I have broken my leg. ~pentru actiuni incheiate cu putin inainte de momentul vorbirii !!! JUST(tocmai);ALREADY;YET ex: The guests have just arrived. ~pentru actiuni care s-au desfasurat intr-un interval de timp care contine momentul prezent !!! THIS ex: I haven't seen my boss this morning. ~pentru actiuni obisnuite,repetate,frecvente,care au avut loc pana in prezent si care se pot repeta si in viitor !!!OFTEN;USUALLY;SOMETIMES;ALL THE TIME;SELDOM;FREQUENTLY ex: I have often visited my grandpa in summer. *PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS =>se poate traduce cu prezentul S+TO BE(present perfect)+Vb-ing Utilizari: ~pentru o actiune de durata inceputa in trecut si care continua fara intrerupere pana in prezent,existand posibilitatea ca aceasta sa se extinda si in viitor ex: She has been waiting for an hour,but her students,haven't finished her papers yet. ~pentru o actiune continua care a inceput in trecut si tocmai s-a terminat in momentul vorbirii =>se poate traduce si cu perfectul compus ex: "Why are you so late?"/"I have been sleeping for the last two hours" ~pentru o actiune repetata frecvent care il irita pe vorbitor sau provoaca mirarea/reprosul acestuia ex: She has always been using my telephone this year. *PAST PERFECT SIMPLE =>este echivalentul mai mult ca perfectului din lb. romana ~exprima o actiune care se incheie inaintea unei alte actiuni trecute S+HAD+Vb-3f ex: She said: "I visited my friends last month" She said that she had visited her friends a month before. She says that she visited her friends a month before.

She says: "I'm visiting my friends now." She says that she is visiting her friends then. She says that she was visiting her friends then. I had listened You had listened She/He/It had listened Had I listened? I hadn't listened Hadn't I listened? *PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS =>subliniaza continuitatea unei actiuni trecute,anterioare,unei alte actiuni trecute =>se traduce mai mult cu imperfectul S+HAD+BEEN+Vb-ing I had been listening. Had I been listening? I hadn't been listening. Hadn't I been listening? Utilizari: ~pentru a reda o actiune care a inceput inaintea unei alte actiuni trecute,care s-a desfasurat in continuu,pana cu putin timp inainte de acel moent sau care s-a terminat in acel moment trecut ex: We had just been leaving the house on that Tuesday when the postman brought us the news about his car crash. ~pentru a exprima o actiune desfasurata neintrerupt,care a inceput inaintea unui moment trecut sau a unei alte actiuni trecute si care continua pana in acel moment cu posibilitatea de a continua si dupa aceea ex: Since her graduation in 1990 she had been working hard to buy herself a new house. *PAST TENSE SIMPLE =>echivaleaza cu perfectul compus din lb. romana =>forma a doua a vb(tabel) =>inf+(E)D...ex: hope->hoped;open->opened SPELLING: ~cand verbul se termina intr-o vocala accentuata si o consoana,cu exceptia lui Y si W,se dubleaza consoana si se adauga ED stop->stopped admit->admitted refer->referred plan->planned ~cand verbul se termina in vocala+Y,se pastreaza Y play->played ~cand verbul se termina in consoana+Y,Y devine I si se adauga ED cry->cried study->studied

~cand verbul se termina in C,primeste terminatia KED panic->panicked ~cand verbul se termina in L(in engleza britanica),L devine LL travel->travelled TRAVEL I travelled I didn't travel Did I travel? Didn't I travel? BRING I brought I didn't bring Did I bring? Didn't I bring? *PAST TENSE CONTINUOUS =>echivaleaza cu imperfectul din lb. romana S+TO BE(past tense simple)+Vb-ing TRAVEL I was travelling I wasn't travelling Was I travelling? You were travelling You weren't travelling Were you travelling? He was travelling He wasn't travelling ex: In timp ce ma plimbam prin parc,s-a construit un supermarket. As/While I was walking in the park,a supermarket was built. She was talking on the phone,when Ben entered the door. Ea vorbea la telefon,cand Ben a intrat pe usa.