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**Crane Runway Girder
**

Dr. Ibrahim Fahdah Damascus University

https://sites.google.com/site/ifahdah/home/lectures

2011-2012

2011-2012 Components of Crane system .

Some typical arrangements ranging from the lightest to the heaviest are shown .2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue1: Vertical Load Transformation The support method of the crane runway girder depends on the magnitude of the reactions being transmitted.

2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue2: Free Rotation at the Supports Free rotation at the supports of crane runway girders is important in order to prevent bending and torsional moments in the columns. .

an action leading to the result shown in Figure (c) Dangerous details for lateral forces .2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue3: Transverse Load Transformation Figure (b) illustrates the reversible strain to which the girder web is subjected .

2011-2012 The Crane Runway Girder and the Structure Issue3 could easily be prevented by simply connecting the top flange directly to the column. as shown. . The top flange acts as a horizontal beam delivering its reaction to the column.

2011-2012 Typical Section of Crane Girders .

2011-2012 Rail Fastenings .

2011-2012 Design Procedure (BS5950 Code) .

2011-2012 Classification of Cranes .

2011-2012 Step1: Calculate the maximum vertical Loads • The weight of the trolley (carriage) + Lifted Load (Rh) • The weight of the crane bridge (Rs) • The self weight of the crane girder & Rails (Rg) Note: The load to the crane girder will be maximum when trolley wheels are closest to the girder. .

) For Warehouse or workshop F=1. a factor of 1.3 => the load combinations below Conservatively we can simplify the calculation .2011-2012 Step1: Calculate the maximum vertical Loads (cont. .3 can be applied simultaneously to both the lifted load and to the self-weight of the crane.

5*(Rs/2+Rh*(Lc-ah)/Lc) .3*0. assuming there are two wheels on each side. is: Rw=1.) So the maximum unfactored static point load per wheel.2011-2012 Step1: Calculate the maximum vertical Loads (cont.

2011-2012 Step2: Calculate the Horizontal Loads Plan View .

1.2.5. (clause 3.5.2011-2012 Step2: Calculate the Horizontal Loads • Inertia forces produced by the motion drives or brakes. • Skew loads due to travelling referred to as the crabbing force.1. BS 2573: Part 1:1983 [4]) . Referred to as the surge load. (clause 3.1 of BS 2573-1:1983[4]).

then the crabbing forces would not need to be considered. (i. .2 (BS 5950-1:2000). If the crane is class Q1 or Q2.e. • Longitudinal Surge load of 5% of the static vertical reactions. from the weight of the crab. crane bridge and lifted load). Note : Horizontal loads need not to be combined together.11.2011-2012 Step2: Calculate the Horizontal Loads • Transverse Surge load is taken as 10% of the combined weight of the crab and the lifted load. • Crabbing forces are obtained from clause 4.

4 (Wh1 or Wh2 or FR) .4 Wv + 1.4 DL + 1.2011-2012 Step3: Load Combinations Wv FR Wh1 Wheel Wh2 Rail Load combination according to BS 5950-1:2000 (Table 2) are: • LC1 =1.4 DL + 1.6 Wv • LC2 =1.4 DL + 1.6 (Wh1 or Wh2 or FR) • LC3 =1.

5. 4. Major axis bending Lateral-torsional buckling Horizontal moment capacity Consider combined vertical and horizontal moments Web shear at supports Local compression under wheels Web bearing and buckling under the wheel Deflection . 8. 7. 6.2011-2012 Step4: Design Checks 1. 3. 2.

5.5.3 . Note: Moment capacity should be reduced in case of high shear according to BS 5950-1-2000 : 4.3 & Table 11.5 Note: for section classification of compound I.2.or H-sections. see BS 5950-1-2000 : 3.1 BS 5950-1-2000 4.2. BS 5950-1-2000 4.5.2.2011-2012 Major Axis Bending For plastic section: Note : Sx is for the whole section Check limit to avoid irreversible deformation under serviceability loads.

3. BS 5950-2000 4.2011-2012 Lateral-Torsional Buckling • Check gantry girder as an unrestrained member for vertical loads. use I and H with unequal flanges to calculate λLT.11. .3 . crane loads need not be treated as destabilizing.3.e.6.4 Pb is the bending strength and is dependent on the design strength py and the equivalent slenderness λLT.6.6. • No account should be taken of the effect of moment gradient i.7(a) For compound section (Rolled section + plate ). and 4.3 BS 5950-2000 4. mLT (lateral-torsional buckling factor) should be taken as 1.0. • Due to interaction between crane wheels and crane rails.11. assuming that the rails are not mounted on resilient pads.6.3.3 BS 5950-2000 4.3. BS 5950-2000 4.4.2.

5 .2. BS 5950-1-2000 4.plate is equal to the lesser of 1. Mc.2py Zplate and py*Splate. Moment capacity of the top flange plate.2011-2012 Horizontal Moment Capacity Horizontal loads are assumed to be carried by the top flange plate only.

2 2-Buckling Capacity: “simplified method” BS 5950-1-2000 4.8.8. .1 For simplicity take maximum M x and M y (rather than coexistent M x and M y) and assume that the minor axis loads are carried by the plate only.2011-2012 Consider Combined Vertical and Horizontal Moments 1-Section Capacity: BS 5950-1-2000 4.0 for simplicity. M LT is the maximum major axis moment in the segment. my factors can be taken as 1. Note : mx.3.3.3.

3 (a) .3 Note: It is ok to assume that the sear is resisted by the UB section => Av = tD (for rolled I-sections. load parallel to web) BS 5950-1-2000 4.2011-2012 Web Shear at Supports BS 5950-1-2000 4.8.8.

2011-2012 Local Compression under Wheels The local compressive stress in the web due to a crane wheel load may be obtained by distributing it over a length xR given by: BS 5950-1-2000 4.1 45 HR Tplate Tflange 2(HR+T) The stress (fw) obtained by dispersing the wheel load over the length xR should not be greater than py for the web.11. .

2. .2011-2012 Web bearing and buckling under the wheel/supports BS 5950-1-2000 4.31.1 Bearing capacity of web for unstiffened web Buckling resistance of the unstiffened web BS 5950-1-2000 4.5.5.

However. a useful assumption is that the maximum deflection occurs at the centre of the span when the loads are positioned equidistant about the centre.2011-2012 Deflections Vertical deflection due to static vertical wheel loads from overhead travelling cranes BS 5950-1-2000 2.5. .2 Table 8(c) Horizontal deflection (calculated on the top flange properties alone) due to horizontal crane loads Note : The deflection of crane beams can be important and the exact calculations can be complex with a system of rolling loads. For two equal loads.

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