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Tavalodi_Digar

Tavalodi_Digar

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08/25/2015

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ﺖﺳﺮﻬﻓ

c زﺎﻏﺁ ﺮﺳ

• یﺎﻬﻴﺳرﺮﺑ سﺎﺳا ﺮﺑ یﺪﻴﺣﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ یﺎﻬﺘﻴﻌﻗاو رد یﺮﻴﺳ
بﺮﻏ نﺎﻬﺟ ناﺮﮕﺸهوﮋﭘ و ناﺪﻨﻤﺸﻳﺪﻧا زا ﻦﺗ ﺪﺼﻴﺳ


c یﺎه ﻦﻴﺋﺁ رد اﺪــﺧ " یﺪﻴـــﺣﻮﺗ "

c یﺎه ﻦﻴﺋﺁ رد ناﺮﺒﻣﺎﻴﭘ " یﺪﻴـــﺣﻮﺗ "

c یﺎﻬﺑﺎﺘﮐ " یﺪﻴـــﺣﻮﺗ :" نﺁﺮــﻗ ،ﻞﻴﺠﻧا ،تارﻮﺗ

• تاﺰــــﺠﻌﻣ

c ﺶﻨﻳﺮﻓﺁ ﻩرﻮﻄﺳا

• ﺎه خﻮﺴﻨﻣ و ﺎه ﺦﺳﺎﻧ
• ﻖﻳﺎﻘﺣ " ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﺎﻧ " ؟ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ یﺎﻬﻧﺎﺘﺳاد ﺎﻳ

c یﺪﻴﺣﻮﺗ یﺎه ﻦﻴﺋﺁ رد ناﺮﻳا ﺶﻘﻧ

• نﺎﻣر ﻳ ﺮـــــﺘﺳا یدﻮـــﻬ
• لﺎـــــﻴﻧاد بﺎﺘﮐ
• ﺎــــﻤﻴﺤﻧ بﺎﺘﮐ

c گﺮﻣ زا ﺲﭘ نﺎﻬﺟ

c ﺾـــﺋاﺮﻓو ﻦﻴﻧاﻮﻗ

c ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ

• ﺶﻧاد و ﻦﻳد

c ادﺮﻓ ﺐهﺬﻣ

c ﻪﻴــﻘﻓ ﺖﻳﻻو
c ﭘ ـــ ﻦــﺨﺳ نﺎﻳﺎ

c ﻊﺑﺎﻨﻣ ﺖﺳﺮﻬﻓ – ﯽﺑﺮﻏ ﻊﺑﺎﻨﻣ – ﯽﻗﺮﺷ ﻊﺑﺎﻨﻣ ) ﺪﻴﺋﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻪﻌﺟاﺮﻣ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻪﺑ ﺎه مﺎﻧ ﺖﺳﺮﻬﻓ یاﺮﺑ (
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CU!. N(9Y /> f+.- % O) f+:- $ &@D$ C .

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AC $ U*A!) C % =8AZF md@. . : !;:+.- E X T 4 fA() $ C # A /6 =5+ # A C$ fA! # [+d>+e O 4 $ fACU $ *A /\ +D /\ U L$A$ =.
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=.A 7 : =. &> /;8A&: /6 AC /J:- U E CU+ $ =.A L .

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(0) # S LCATD /> f- W ^(. A &: 7 A # :A! 4 $(> (D /: /6 # A = # :A! 4 $ 7=8A . C+9;lA /: E .+ 4 7 $+j;YA ‡:UC /: % 7 L(?8 /:
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^(dD +`:- [+D 4 $(> ‡5(X . $ U CATD C &2C+`\ ;Bs: /'+. E lU!bX O E ;@. = 4 ;:(bH N+VlA f+D+8$+< 4 A!> AC %
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bV8 U f(H E X !. !> ›+) ! 4 bV8 U f(H ‡v@X +> U &@;8AZF E *A AC !. •D U ›+) •D ! $ X =. 4 &:$A$ . $ U CATD C
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&2C+`\ A fA$!X ^U$ /'+. # &@> /> AC fA! F 4 U f+:* U &@;5!F $ @6 /> AC m:A!;H E T % &@;HU!5 .

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$!6 NU AC 7 +`;@. % =5C ^].A ’!v> U $!6 NU AC Œ $(H « ) .+@8 *+> 4 (D # A = # :A! 4 – X].A 4 ( .

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# (X $!6 !XA =5+ % C U !. # AC UA U &@8A!;> AC $+XA$ fAU!>A U m $ U$ ^+l ¢]X C # *+) =B # : AC !;H$ U &@:T> /:+ E *A T
"> UA E &:! . V0X b> O> & E A UA !2+hX !l+8 ! # !h8 /> AC /hYAU O $ U $CU- C $ =1F f- C : '('A(>A E AC +X fA!;H$ =5A!8 &
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$ A L&?D % : E /6 =B $ D+"b)- f- C 4 &8+9: . C$ B> $T: E C+ % *A $ U+j) f+:+oD # A f+:A(i`< U f+D+8$+< ! # /Y]l +> fA!
B> E CA&D+": C+ % X 4 $(8 « ) !sv2A % : M'+VV'A U M'+BX ( § » $ QA(: U f+.A!H C 4 $ C # + % U f+;.!9~ U CTH $ # U •i
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+<UCA % > E +D*!X *A fU! % A!> $(H % (H # &@;8A$ m 7 BX /?:+@JVD E 0 E +<UCA f+ % 5!j;X 4 :+V‘l f+6!) 4 : E O;8A$ +> T
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;1F 4 7 Q+: f- f+:+oD$ E &:$A$ ^+@8$ AC UA = % . «

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$ A $T: C # :A! E /> U =5!: !)A!5 =.(< *A f+ $ .!: fUC E & . A # :A! E : +> f+ CU- ( # [+` 4 b) f(\ E H f+5!lU † E i 4 [- $U* E @ 4
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'U 4 A(;0X % < a+V;QA /J:- +> f- E R!l !9X+ $ B> =8A$ !‰: C E =8A$ gU+1) C+ . «

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iX f+>* /?:+@JVD 4 :+>* f- 4 C- # [+ 4 D /6 $(> E ;>A!Y Š 4 >!l +> 4 # + $ # f+>* !" +D % X+. 4 =8A&: .

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vBi5 E O 7 f+@9' 7 x:() 7 ATd'A # ! 7 m6A!X ( "iVe 4 < /;8ZF +> E X].A *A m 4 &:$!6 /v>AC †vY $(H .

+> A # O /VD 7 @> G+?v2A E $+ % A # C- r@D!5 U$ O # [+ 4 X+. U 4 C$ €(js> $+p) % $ # C /6 &8 x?h@X !" # /b $ C
i2A 4 B> E =8A$ O`6 C+ 7 A U # *A $+p) O $ ":+FU 4 &:A # 9DZX /b 4 X].A W9Y +X 4 A # U fA! &:A # X].A /b 4 +X # X / 4
F =5! 7 * # /?:+@JVD A! $ : E + % X+. 4 $ [- /. N+. CATD U$ N(~ C E O # $(` % BX U E 0 4 L$!6 /P!l f+`e /> AC ^].A U
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9h) +> E ! % X- L+9;8A E =8A$!> *A T $ S /:+F U H E !8 U ! $ - C +`: 7 fA&> fA(@l +D dualiste =.A L$A$ 7 9DZX 4 Q() E & %
&:$(> 7 < /?:+@JVD E A *A m # O $ U 7 [- E :+;.+> !jX C$ O 4 f()+@HA fACU$ : E A /:+FA&e •(: T % [- *A E +D O % Q() E & % $(> .

D Œ!;BF E J E A *A M # [- O E +`@ $ f+;.+> f+`e C 7 :+X* ©+0' *A /\ 4 :+?X !‰: *A /\ U 4 7 Œ!;BF *A [- E O +D % /.
/:+F X+. 4 $(9: !;V6 . [- E !`X O ) X E A!; ( [- ^+V) f!Y C+`\ E LC+V8 O # C()A!‚XA M % *A U $(> ^C CU+@`< $ C # + % . E +) L+
YA E C$ *A U xi~A n(:+ # + % &X +) N+V8 # AC /:A!; $ S /ov@X C =8A$ $(H Ž(1: 7 Ž(1: % A!:- C+“- *U!XA •D /6 $ +o> C # + %
/>A!`X +D&2 $ A C # '+; E :+‚.A U + E 5 U + !)A U f+V'- U /B:A! # :+XUC U f+;Bi":A U m 4 !5- U f+?'+> U # +o % '+V8 4 U
CU+H $T: # .- U M E + % k2 E X ! 4 fA() # =5+ . ;YU 4 /6 •D BX E 0 E +e = # T" # A O # [- O E &8 O 7 [- E BX O E 0 4 !o) # S /VD +9
=@. +D % 9DZX 4 $(H ) l &'() *UC E B 4 7 n&o) # /9@b? 7 Vh) E BX & E 0 4 7 :+>C ¢+bl 4 B> U E q>A(P C+ $ # !" % /6 AC
$ A /:+FA&e Wj5 C % $ A C # =.A /;5C Os. +`:- *A R+;6 O ( $!6 n+9;YA f- *A . [- E [A$TX O 4 > /6 E [- f!Y m8 *A m E O
D+b@D+8 4 +D % b@X+sD 4 :+.+. U 4 VH $(> E +X! # S / ¢ACU+X C+;H+. /VD 9v'A E [- /h E O # : f- /6 =5!F CA!Y $(` E T
!o) # AC $(H gA&o;hX /VD +9 $ f+`e LC+>C $ # !" H+;.C U E 8 U f+";8!5 U z*U$ U =b`> U R+BQ *UC U T E ~+ E *A O
U =5!F f- BX /> A&h> E 0 E $A$ N+o;:A ^].A U = . [- E (:+X O % )&X L+)(6 C$ 4 +D /:A!6 *A % YA E 96 n(:+ E WQA(. +) !
YA E xi~A n(:+ $ .- C E UCA U + < IIIIIII !5A U + # Œ!;BF +o # il U =5+ E !;FCT> •,! # !">(6!. O % 9DZX 4 +) C # fACU$ +) c
[+v.U fU!Y 4 +< +<UCA % &:+X +e!> . A C$ # : $C(X U$ !D O E T $ A $(H C # P() R+;6 O E u(B9X g+0 !) % =.A L&8 L$A$ .

FA I A ! # [- /. O E O $ +`: C # e = IIIII + % BX /> AC $(H E 0 E :$!‚. ^].A U = I & 7 A!> /: % A # 6 $(> O I BX U ^].A / E 0 E =
Œ*CA +D % (@hX % '+l E !; % AC 6 /[ACA &:$! 7 A!> % A # A /6 $(> O # O $ bV8 +> U E +D! % !) L&:!> % X /> E &:&X- fA& .
P() E > g+0 E !;b % AC $ A C # LC+> O $ C+) g+012 C # II X c 4 fA() # =5+ . bV8 E 9DZX !‰: *A R!l f+:*! 4 D E \ Š E III T
A L*+) % : f+kXCA /> E A!> /6 &:$CU+ % A # :A! E &8+> /;H+@8+: f+ . # < N+. &j? E B:A!5 n+@8!. ‡o0X m ( %
Darmesteter *CA C $ # >+ 4 !ƒ # A /:+1 % A *A # hYAU O E =8(: = :
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8 E f+v [+D 4 < +`:- $(H /6 $(> L&8 !< E +e +`:- *A m % L$A$ H+;.C U &:$(> E U =b`> U T $ : z*U E T R+BQ *UC f+VD
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A*- R+s;:A $ S /:A DAC 4 +> /6 # X C$ & E + H f E A!> =Viƒ U C(: U !8 U ! % (H # TF!> m # $(> CA$C(H!> &@ 7 L*A&:A f+VD /> U
A C$ /6 # $A*- $C(X O % '(BX =8A$ E : = E =8A$ T 7 !5- /J:- # U *A UA L&@@ % X 4 9i~ E A & # U /6 $(> O % A C$ # TF O # LAC m@
;.AC 4 : U E (? # 4 TF !> AC # +) &@ # $!9: C$ &:UA&H CU+ % +< /> +) /6 &8+> # X f+`e f+ E +@8UC f+ # 4 C+) U # ? 4 !e C$ # f+
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* 7$(> L&8 # WYAa /6 A! # - &j? # &> f-!Y / # /6 =8A$ =QA!2 O : &DA(s> $(H /6 AC x6 !D A&H C+";.C /> % X 4 $!>
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Z< C$ &DA(s: /6 AC x6 !D # A O;5! # X N$ =s. f+V 4 &@6 7 X $(H =VQC N(VbX &DA(s> /6 AC x6!D 4 x6!D U &@6
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$!5 !b> !FA /6 $(> % > 4 ;HA E > C+ E : m E +> A!\ =B # X /J:- =>+> & 4 D+@F !~+s> U &D$ x< RA(e &@6 4 C$ /6
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9v) E Z<+: ‡ # R+)*+> £&:! +D % A # AU m.!< O # O !o) AC +VhX # C+) g+012 ^+V)C$ +9 # "@D!5 c 4 A # *A f+ViBX fA! ^(. f!Y
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A!8 /> /e() # q :+X* 4 ;1"8 4 X 4 $CU- 7 S /X+:+l$A ]‘X >]o:A 4 !6* # + % *AC % i5 R+;6 U$ C$ 1B 4 il UA E g(9: n+.A /
U A&H +> „DAZX u+9)CA C+?:A . < N+. &j;bD E >+bX /X+: +l$A /?:- *A m ` 4 +<UCAC$ % » •U!5 f!Y « :+B6 „:+e *A 4
U (.UC U !;'U f(\ < N+. CATD U W"D U =:+6 E @\ /?:- *A m E A /X+:+l$A O % C$ :+B6 „:+e *A +X $(H f!Y 4 $ # !"
U!5 f(\ # AU & # +;b@ # '!;XU O E r@ $(8 œ!vX .

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C+) •b8 # +5(?8 r@D!5 f(:+6 $(H c # 4 /;H+. $(H fA(@l fA&> /;8ZF f!Y n+@8 ^].A fA&@Vb:A$ /6 $(>
» X].A r@D!5 4 « &:A L$A$ . B> E C+ % (: *A # :(@6 f+F&@B 4 :$ E + % 8(6 f+ViBX E U &:A L& X 4 A +) &@8(6 # +5(?8 O # 4 AC
X].A •!5 4 A f$(> # U &@:A&> r@D!5 O CUC+> % 9DZX q>A(P /> AC f- 4 &@D$ u+9)CA f- . 'U 4 hYAU f(:+Y 4 C+) # A c # O
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V: =.A /;5!F W?8 f- 4 ZF fA() A =8 . A Te !FA # X O 4 X $(> 4 +> # !)aAU =B # [- O E [- f+`e O E ~+.A O E ! # &8+> f+:( 7
* # !)aAU /6 A! # : f+`e r@D!5 O E T $ A C # X*!. O E $(> /;5!F W?8 O . +Y+1)A U $ VD =.C E LA!VD /6 $(> aAU r@D!5 O
[aAU r@D!5 4 $ # !" 7 # ? 4 @> O6C U$ *A E $+ % 5 X].A r@D! 4 =5!F CA!Y 7 /6 Renan *CA C$ # >+ 4 X f- 4 (: # &B :
» !FA # hYAU r@D!5 M 4 X 4 +> # !> & $ +< U # @> /1Bi5 U •il / E &8+> L&8 L$+`: $+ 7 V: 4 "@D!5 *A a(2A fA() 4 ^+@>
X].A r@D!5 4 =1F Os. 7 * # +< A! # hYAU fACAZF / 4 A # O $ U $ C $ : E + % A f+ViBX # :A! E U f+ # :+:( E A U &:$(> f+ $(H RA!l
$ A C # V`. LC+> O 4 &@;8A&: 7 # V`. + 4 B> E \+: C+ E &@;8A$ T . « CUC+> % » X].A r@D!5 4 « B> E > C+ E u(>!X /?:- *A m
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&@D % \ U E @ 4 ZF A $(> /;8 . @\ E O A!8 # v 4 ]9Y $ C()A!‚XA C % +D % , E X].A ! 4 > U ^C E :+.+. U x:AT 4 : E L&X- $(e(> T
• A&h> U $(> •D $ C()A!‚XA C % +D % U N(kX C()A!‚XA U C+)+) % +D % )A!Vh;BX 4 +<UCA % +) •D$T:+8 fU!Y > E $(e(> •;B
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X C $ E f+ 3—— f+`e *U!XA C(b6 7 A # C(b6 +`@) fA! % V.C C(v> /6 =.A 4 .+.A f(:+Y 4 :(@6 4 $(H $ C # wC M # •
Y E :(:+Y g(V 4 X !B> 4 $!> 7 @> U E A CAZ":+ # wC O # !j) $(H • # /6 =.A L$!6 } A # Y O E X(V E = 7 Y E X(V E = l!8 4 Y E • !>
k2 E Y U =.A ! E Y +> =iX • E ƒU ©+0' *A C+k2 • E hY(X U /1 E Y!5 = 4 $CA&: ) VH /'A œUC E @ 4 : aU # o5 = E / ( A!> UA •D U %
A # /?@ +e % 8 9 A /` % Y+> 4 ^UT' &:+V: A # Y O E X(V E AC = @\ E e() O E /6 =.A L$!6 / » U &@iX+6+: U &@jY+: U WD+e ^$!X
: E • +l!8 U &@'+V6 &@X*+ ;QA E Y /> ›+ E &:CA$ • . « P!5 E A tCT> *A$!< / # aU O # o5 = E : / E T 7 C(ª) !‰: *A /6 # +b"DAC M %
$(> f- - < E < /?:- *A m E r@e LAC *A UA fAU! +D % H E :+>+ 4 U U f$* m)- U # !":A! % +b"DAC % Vil 4 : f- E &:(b> T -
$ VD C E $(> /;8(: LC+> O : » +D L$() W`e % q0@X U &ioX ^A(l 7 CAU L&@> % /> AC # /> =8(">- •?8 M :+> /6!D 4 $(8
X ¢A&DA 4 A U &@@6 # AC O % f+:- $ $C C # +D nAC ¢AC- { 7 # @h 4 •aA =.A +DU+F U +D 7 V: 4 TF G]X fA() # !9DC m@ %
&8+> . +> =X+XA # A n+.A !> & # w('([& % `'A 4 $(8 R+s;:A « ) il 4 !8 # ;h 4 : =X+XA U =XA ( +e C$ U 7 % $ # $(> /;8(: !" :
» QUC ^Ti;BX =XA $(eU R+BQ 4 ^+@> =.A ^+XA 7 :+B:A U 4 V: AC $(H ^+XA /6 4 &@1.(F />+‘V> &.+@8 % /6 =.A
&8+> L$!6 •F AC $(H f+<(\ « ) il 4 !8 # ;h 4 : # ^+V) RTQ M .( 'UA E *U =Bs: O # VD R(j@X ! E 'U O 4 o5 E : / E />(@> T
$(H $ B1) C E II ;X(?Q ‡v@X ! 4 =8(: $(H R+>CA : » XA g!pQ I VH ^+ E @ 4 C(`Ve % X].A I 4 X+‰: /> AC III 4 () 2 E {
X 4 /6 &@@6 $ 'U f- C 4 o5 E Y / E k2 ^$!X NTl]> • E U =.A! +X # A / # aU O # !~ *A AC = # `'A †e!X *A C+`~A /V[A ‡ 4 /;5!F
=.A . A!>+@> # k2 /6 C(v:+VD O E NTl ‡Q ! $CA&: AC 7 : ^$!X E A!\ U f(\ ‡Q T $ 'U W>+oX C 4 o5 E CA&: AC / : & « ) &`X %
f+FC*+> : R]o:A $ =6!Q U$ C .(

[+`'+. C$ 4 VH /6 E @ 4 $ X !B> {d: C 4 $!> 7 $ A /'+.C C % +) +> /6 ¢+vk'A {8+6 •io> E# VH $(H & E @ 4 $ !`8 f- C
A gCU!P &8 !b;@X # /v>+P O » Y E k2 U • E ! « @\ E e() O E $(> L&8 / :

» 9~ E h 4 LCA(VD ^$!X /6 =.A # ? 4 *A $ U $ &:A /;. : X+l U •'+l 4 7 > U †ivX 4 •]~A . A!>+@> # VD O E /b +> # & A L&l %
X A L&l U &`;d % $ # &@8+> &ioX !" 7 # @h 4 io) &`;dX *A E &@@6 & . h9) ^UT' E +`@) •'+l *A WD+e = # •?Q M l!8 4 : E =B 7
iol •?Q /?i> 4 !v5 U % :A&eU U 4 : E =BD T . «

!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3ˆ
$ < f!Y L E m 7 i6 ^].aA /;o“ E @ 4 $ C » 5+6 4 « A $(H ’U!hX # AC fA&ioX O » 8 E h E hP f+ E ioh'A { 4 « 2() E $(> L$!6 {
f+8$(H /6 :A() III [+ 4 sb) E (H =0ijX Ÿ # II \+@> U &:CA&: AC m II +> C+ # ;5 U ^+?QA †>+) & II U+ % :A&`;dX 4 @8+> I /6 &
X 4 sb) AC +`:- =0ijX &@:A() E &@D$ Ÿ . N+. C$ +D % (H $ +X 7 !‰@9Q+2 % ;8A$!> +> 4 *U!XA % A !) # Bo) O E &@> • % AC
Bo) E &@> • % 2() fACU!<+XA$ E =.A L$!6 { .

hYAU E ; 4 B> !> /6 E 8(< f+B6 C+ E A =.A L& # A /6 =.A O # W2A O » aU # o5 = E / « b) f+`e /;H+. /: E /: U =.A † a(2A
^].A f+`e /;H+. 7 C /?i> # /b $ W2A C # $(` % » < E L+8$+< fA!9Vk « i. U $UA$ U N([+8 /6 $CA$ E !) /;H+@8 f+V # O
+D /:(V: % &@;BD f- . A # hYAU O E C+) = # s 4 /6 $ !P+Q f!Y *+,- C – N+. < +D E wC /?:- *A m # V 4 aU ^+@> # o5 = E / $ C
A # UC !> fA! % - C+6 # & - :+V'- ’U!hX ‡o0X q.() 4 J.Wellhuasen . C!> $C(X 4 =5!F CA!Y 7 A!> # +@9X O %
A # •'([& # ?;X M 4 /oivX gC&Y =.A # $(` $ X f+V.- C 4 +> # & $ &QAU Ÿs8 C % +V: /6 # A L&@ # gC&Y O $ UC C % X* E O $ C
TF!> ^(Y U!ViY # X =.A UA L& $(8 x?h@ . $ VD C E +D*UC O % +X$(H 7 # ? 4 !) n+@8 !. *A # 9DZX †eA!X O 4 # $(` 7
H+@X •‰lA ^+H+H E @> *A OXU!5 • E ~A!5A „;?X fACAZF $+ 4 ;H(X- Œ(F E • ) A L!s2 # f+V ( $ [A!.A C E W 7 A # W2A O # $(` %
e() !) O8UC gC(j> AC E =.A L$!6 / :

» +8 R]o:A # +;. f+ # VH m E @ 4 $ A C # fA! $ f+VD !> =.C :+9X 4 A # •'([& # ?) M E A /6 $CA$ / # •'([& % *U!XA L*C+9X % +X
$ [A!.A C E ?) f- !> W E $CA$ / . X(`1X 4 A!> +X /6 % # $(` 7 A&H % , &QAU E &@V)! > U 4 $(H =8ZF i[+Y E X(`1X f+VD • 4
VH /6 =.A E @ 4 A&H *A % $CA$ ^].A . $ # +D L+F& % :+`e 4 &VD />+bX ]X+6 +X # &:!" 7 B> /6 C(v:+VD E W[+BX C+ $ # !"
X E I X f+ I &@;BD G!;bX + . !D $ U % X II A!> + % +`8*CA *A •+5$ % ;@. I 4 H II $( $ >+oX C II : W II CU-( % 16 II ! X- E *U!XA T %
X 4 "@e E • . ;YU OX 4 C+h8 » |A !96A « X AC 4 +PC n+BQA C&o:+VD ^(@8 # X = 4 •@6 ;.AC ^].A /6 E @8 *A O E C+h8 f&
» N]e # (` L $+> GC+9;X « X &@.!H 4 (8 $ . # A M C(`Ve =l+Ve ^+X % X].A 4 X]6 !D 4 !8 *A /6 AC # =h $ C # =5+
$(V@DC gC(j> =.A L$!6 % X CA!?) 4 &@6 7 $ C+6 f+VD =.C % +X /6 $ X gAC() $C(X C 4 @6 E • . =l+. OX D %+
'A(;X 4 +D /‰l(X RUZdX % 9DZX 4 aU f+F!9H # o5 = E ^A L&:+X / 7 * # : f+:- A! E T $ ' +> L*C+9X qH C E 'A!9 E U •B
&:A$A*- # b 4 &@;BD +X f+XTVD . X 4 < f+:A&> •DA(H E /6 •D$ ^+ :

@> E A!F$+ # UC f+ % X* E O 7 (8 &0;X # & ! « ) (B:A!5 /X+:*UC +> OXU!5 •‰lA ^+H+H /9Q+jX *A Wo: % ' E .A!9 E f( 7 ˆ˜
CU- # W 3šš— ( .

* * *
@?X Œ(XA!5 E VD /6 • E Y /v>+P O E k2 U • E ! 7 VD E aU =8A$!> L(0: O # o5 = E =X(?Q *A / 7 +) : E /V $ ATD ^U C L :(@6 4
$ BX f+`e C E 0 E : = E $(> CA!Y !> T 7 •D !FA U $ fACU$ C » x:+B:C « 6&:A 4 &h) # W # =5+ 7 'U 4 N+. +) +D % » •U!5 «
D U •D&1D fU!Y E Y+> $(H g(o> ]Vl •D&d 4 &:+X .

A ^+V) C$ # i6 NA(QA O E TF!> f+98 +B # l L& E B 4 BX E A!> } % ;.!<!. 4 $(> UA fA&@1.(F 7 dBX /?:+@JVD Y & E l!8 • 4
X$!X 4 /6 $(> » a •D !‘6A # f(Vih « &:$(> L&8 /;H+@8 . $ !DC $ N+Q U (: /hX+e # *A O # iYA M E X „6!X *+;VX = 4 &8
o;BX /v>AC /6 E [!9e U Œ!l +> • E *A U 7=8A$ W # !‘6A M # ‰l = E X$!X • 4 k2 E X /6 ! 4 +> # C+";.C !~+s> =B % œUC
$(H $ i6 f+X!5 /> Œ(F NA(QA /VD C E ivX fACA$ & oQ ‡ E &@8+> =o .

'U 4 &> +) !FA # iQ!X O I i6 / E B II dBX U + I & $ BX C E D! II + % *A(X % X!> ^+F 4 &@;8A$ 7 BX •D&dD U •D&1D fU!Y *A E 0 4
LAC +D % &8 A&e •D *A +`:- 7 * # A! $ C # ? 4 f- *A $ U A # aU ‡v@X O # G&:A G&:A U =8A$!> G!) gC+k2 U = i?> 4 U!5
C # =s 7 $ )C(2 C E /? $ C $ # !" % f+V`> (2 [+v.U fU!Y gC 4 Y+> =8A$ /6 4 &:+X .

:(F!F$ 4 *+. =8(:!. % /6 $ A C # BX f+`e C$ +;.AC O E 0 E UC = % !?5 N(0) $A$ % 1Bi5 U 4 FA!5 E ! % /6 $(> C$ # M
!o) f+X* # +9 $ S /VD C +DC(b6 % < E S /;5!b +<UCA % &8 *+,- •D&dD €(js> U •D&1D fU!Y 7 A +> # f- ^+V) /6 =8A$!> O
l+V;eA W[+BX 4 ZX U 9D 4 hYAU f+XT:- +) /6 E = +D % X* •iBX E @ 4 # :+V.- + 4 oi) 4 X E Vb> ‹0> W>+Y a(2A U &:&b I C+
V: 4 &:&X- 7 $ Ž(1: *A ›C+H C $ i6 U ='U E &d) $C(X +B # *CA & # >+ 4 F CA!Y E &:! 7 U $ A /VD ^&oX {2 C # [- O E BX O E 0 E U =
f- n&oX R+;6 Bible +e % =8A$ . ;: E A /d # *CA O # >+ 4 /6 $ > N(~ C E *A m # M !;FCT> f!Y # js8 O E = +D % Vil 4 U
!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3”
>$A 4 1Bi5 U 4 +<UCA $ A &@;Be =6!8 f- C # !o) /6 &8 O # /J:- ^+V) +9 $ A C # n&oX R+;6 O 7 # @h 4 $ d:A U gAC() C E W 7
$ !5- U A&H LC+>C # hYAU U m@ E = +D % C+) {i;sX # s 4 9DZX U 4 U L&X- i6 „:+e*A ^+V) f!Y L&1D E +oQ +B # o 4 :+V.- 4 U
L&8 /;H+@8 •iBX qi, $(> # + o: U &P E ¥ # X- L+9;8A + E U T # i?> + 4 ";H+. 4 sb) E &8 L$A$ Ÿ . !;'U Ÿs8 $ C
» *CA # >+ 4 n&oX R+;6 « U $ C » $ # B? E 1Bi5 !:( 4 « +vH &j;bD $(H % AC C+?8- $ U $A$ /[ACA gAC() C $ # fA!?1VD!"
[+<UCA 4 $ $C(X &2&@\ UA # A !> AC !" # &:$UT5A •YC O 7 • +.+.A /?:+@\ =8A$!> •(VdX +D % < E b E O $ X* C E ¢ACU+X /@
9v'A E /h $ =5!F CA!Y NA(ª. =X]l !>A!> C . VD E !?5 R]o:A O % $ X* C E S /@ +D ^+‰: % ;@. L$+;5A +e 4 U $ U!ViY C
. E :A(Y U gU+pY U =.+ E l+V;eA O 4 : E +;: /> U =5!F gC(2 T # `>+bX • 4 X+d:A E & 7 .+.A /6 4 !) # ;: O E +`:- /d
&. O;B?8 » )C+k2 4 « f- +) /6 $(> S /hX+e C$ f+X* [+<UCA 4 7 9DZX !‰: *A /\ 4 l+V;eA !‰: *A /\ U 4 =8A$ $(eU 7
VD f&8 /;B?8 U E /6 $(> &. O # ? 4 !;FCT> *A # A ga(0) O l+V;e 4 C+) # +<UCA C$ AC c % +< fU!Y # :+ 4 S LCATD $ +> ^U
(?) # 96 R]o:A O E W2A ^]lA U /B:A!5 ! $A*- % !>A!> U % X]lA CU&2 U E :+`e / 4 !b> …(oQ N +. 3–—š (k' U
5A!8A E [A&e U = 4 $ # O . *A E +< U =.+ # ?:A f+ E T # B E F$!> ¢+k'A U f( 4 U $ +`: C # wC CA!o;.A = # • +D % C(`Ve % U
=p`: +D % !FC+6 % $CU- N+9:&> . :!Y 4 A /6 # CU-(: O % !?5 % $A$ W?8 AC 7 !o) # +9 $ S /VD C +DC(b6 % < E [+<UCA /;5!b 4
f+XTVD C(v> /6 $ &@;Be =6!8 f- C » f!Y [+@8UC 4 « # + » •U!5 !jl « =5!F ^+: . $ i2A f(:+6 /6 /B:A!5 C 4 f-
$(> Sicele des Lumieres &8 L&:A(H 7 $ f+V'- C Aufklarung f+;Bi":A C$ Englishtment AC$ # '+; E +
Illuminismo :+‚.A C$ E + Siglo de las Luces U $ N+o)!< C Seculo das Luzes $ A C # O » CU- •U!5 % «
&:A # fA&@Vb 7 (: # f+F&@B 7 :A!‰@9Q+2 U /1.]5 4 B> E X +`:- L!X* *A /6 &@;Be =6!8 C+ 4 !;'U *A fA() 7 =:+6 7 (.UC 7
a # : „ E /)(F 7x; 7 ?B;:(X E ( 7 f(5(> 7 $ # UC& 7 B' E r@ 7 W"D 7 $!> ^+: 7 : U E A *A T # hYAU O E fACA&X+X* /6 „'+e =
A /;Be!> % C$!5 f(\ # M 96 E !)+6 U nU!< ! # 96 O E .UC ! E A!> / % 0B) E *- W !?5 $A % &> $(H # g$ACA fACU- •U!5 O
U &:$A$ f+b: fAUA!5 ^A!;QA .

;YU E !) n&oX /? # BX f+`e C(b@X O E 0 E @\ „:+e *A = E :+B6 O 4 * /> # > LCŽ ! E 1hP $CA(X f- *A U &8 /;8AZF O 4
> E > +) +`:- C+V8 /6 &8 L$CU- fU! / .C CATD $+;bD /> *U!XA E =.A L& 7 ;YU U E D+X a(2A /? E A U „DZX = ='+2
[- E +`@ % » Q() E & % « &d) $C(X # *CA & # >+ 4 =5!F CA!Y 7 $ &Q C % > „;?X /6 4 [A&H 4 atheisme gC(j> $(H =B:A()
!?5 „;?X % io;BX 4 $(8 /P!l 7 ;YU U E S /VD W2+Q /? A # 5+?8(X O 4 gC(j> +D /'+.C U R+;6 +D &2 $ n!;.$ C
X(Vl 4 &8 /;8AZF 7 V6+Q n+.A E > = 4 ;@. U •*+@X 4 i6 E $(s> $(H +B U &8 NT'T;X U$ C A A L*+) f % $ C+) C # f&V) c
!b> % A /6 &8 *+,- # l!8 gC+k2 !> /: C+> O 4 @X(X E O 7 $A*- ‡Q !> /?i> % $A*- U!?5 % > E $A*- U f+ % X$!X $+o;lA 4
?) ¤'+> E =8A$ / . /> R+vH AC !;'U ’U!hX /iVe # ? 4 ;8- fA&o;@X *A 4 Z<+: # /6 &:A L$!6 Wo: +DC+> UA ! » /J:- +> OX
X 4 (F [ 4 •1'+sX 7 'U 4 +< +) % A f+e # A!:- /:A$A*- O;1F ‡Q () /6 ^A L$+;B 8+> /;8A$ 4 « 7 : U E A T # ’U!hX /iVe O
/6 AC /8+X(> # C+h8 gC(j> =.A N+. &j? $ /Q(' !. C S /X+:*UC (B:A!5 % 5 E X «+J> UC+" 4 /6 &.C » $A*- +) %
$+o;:A $ &8+9: C+6 C 7 +;. # A L&:*CA m % : E V: $(eU T 4 &:A() $ =8A . «

&:A # +D /b % @> E $+ % !XA /> R!, „:+e *A •U!5 f!Y # +? % „:+e *A U /;.+H(: C()A!‚XA /> …!8 % S /;H+.(: .UC E /
Œ!;BF # =5+ . $ !XA C # .+.A f(:+Y +? 4 C(b6 % X /6 4 +> # < +) =B E : LCATD *A m E !)&@XU! # +<!> $(8 f+`e C(b6 O # S /
U&) +`:- # &8 O 7 U $ .UC C E X* / E S /@ !?5 % A!> AC % ]o:A l+V;eA R 4 FA!5 E ! % > f!Y /6 E L*!' /> AC •;B $ •DA!5 $CU-C
$!6 . €(js> $ X*C E S /@ Vil 4 7 [+DC 4 *A m:A$ # Vb:A$ =.$ „DZX •( AC fA&@ $ :AUA!5 g+5+b;6A C 4 !o) /6 # /VD +9
- +D LC(v.A +> +`: % +kX n&oX R+;6 # @;8A$ g! III =8AZF*+> & 7 `e !> AC LAC U I Vil m 4 > E A /o>+B % !)!> /6 $(bF %
> 4 :(@6 •*+@X 4 R!, f+`e $ X* C E +D /@ % Vil 4 ;h@2 U 4 $+j;YA U % "@D!5 U 4 o;BX W2+Q E =.A f- • .

@\ E k2 /6 $(> O E :A! 4 l!8 4 A fUC&> # +X*- /)(> O # X$!X gC(j> f- *A U &@;5C m 4 > ¤'+> E &:&X- fU! 7 B> U E C+ % * A
[+`:- E f- +) /? :+QUC fAC&< TkX +> f+X* 4 X !?5 4 @;H(X- &:$!6 X /6 & 4 : f+8$(H TkX +> &@:A() E &@@6 !?5 T .

* * *
=8A$!> !FA +D % !?5 % +<UCA /> •U!5 f!Y % BX E 0 4 , ms> /> f- N+9:&> U E [+<UCA ! 4 BX f+`e E 0 E f- f+?XA = AC
k2 gC(2 *A /6 $A$ E S /'+. &2&@\ U CATD fA! 9DZX 4 > E - fU! # f+B:A gC(j> U &@ [+D 4 hYAU +> L+F- U ¤'+> E = +D %
X 9DZ 4 l+V;eA U 4 &:(8 U!>UC $(H 7 @\ E :+?XA O 4 D C$ f(@6 +) E +e Š % ^].A f+`e 7 ;Q 4 $ [a C(b6 +`@) C E f- M 7
D /> E :+ViBX Š 4 =.A L&b: L$A$ 7 A ^$!X C+\+: /> U # f+@JVD f+`e O $ k2 ^+oX C E :A! 4 9DZX 4 • +XAT'A U k2 E :A! 4
!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3ž
. E .+ 4 Y+> 4 +v.U fU!Y *A U &:A L&:+X % > $(H E fU! : E &:A L&X+ . *U!XA +`@) /: $ X U$ f+`e C E i E !1: $C+ % BX E 0 E =
$A*- ‡Q % $A*- U „DZX % N(9Y # „'+vX $C + » n&oX R+;6 « • +.+.A U $A* - % O;8A$ # A!> „DZX O;8A&: + % S /VD $A!5A
U $CA$ $(eU > / @> E A!F$+ # f+ - : •D •6 /6 E &@;B - S L*+eA ;:(bH *A!>A 4 $ S L$U&0X *A ›C+H C A$ f(:+Y V: L$ 4 $(8 7 /?i>
b6 C$ I C( % \ I [A!.A f( E : W E /6 T $ Q C I P+Q N+ I H =.&> ]Vl ! I H+ I +D ^+ % "B<AU I A! % ~A!5A I 4 LCA$A f- „jh;X U
X 4 A $(8 # &:A$A*- ‡Q O # b 4 9DZX 4 +@9X !> % .+.A f(:+Y 4 [a E '(2A C(v> f- M 4 A!> % S /VD $CA$ $(eU $A!5A 7 /6
A /:(V: % C$ A!:- *A :A!@s. 4 !.!< 2 U A& % &@\ % < E m # A$ W[+ # A$ /8(X NA!:w !;H$ f+ # ’U!hX f+ $ f+V'C+< C
[A!.A E X W 4 fA() # =5+ . $ A C # :A!@s. O 4 fA(@l +> f- ŒCATF /6 » A!e+X U =B@6 % *+> x@dVD % < $UA$ E !9Vk « $ C
C+b;:A f+`e g+l(9vX # =5+ 7 # A$ W[+ # +V: f+ # A!"‚\ L&@ % [A!.A f+V'C+< E [+D&@> f&:A(H +> W 4 AC() *A /6 g $ $UA$ f- C
8$+< I < U L+ E [A!.A !9Vk E I W $ o8+l q>AUC /> /5+1' C I * !B< +> $(H /:+ # +9 % N([+8 ;Bs: E +< O $ 8 I A L+ # ’A!;lA C(b6 O
X 4 +V: *A &@6 # f+8$(H /6 =.A(H =B@6 f+F&@ $ S LC+>C $ A n&o) /eC # < U L+8$+< O E [A!.A tCT> !9X+ E &@@6 gU+pY W
) !) &'A!D # 9 E f( 7 3K C(5 # / 3ššˆ ( . ;Q 4 $ !) gA!?X$ C # +D f+V'C+< O % U L+d@< $ X].A C(b6 U 4 f+?XA *U!XA f+`e
@\ E !‰: C+`ƒA O % $ LC+>C # 9DZX •(P(X M 4 $CA&: $(eU .

f+`e C$ +D % [A$(> 4 8 U E [(;@ 4 .- E + % CU+H % U $ [+VD!> &@D C 4 U $ +DU!ViY C % 9Y „DAZX E A /i % ) V:- E =B ( !5- # U +o
YA E .(:+ E : / E S /VD +> 7T h) )+9j 4 /6 $ 9DZX †XA(e C 4 $CA$ $(eU 7 B6 4 $ 9DZX gA!‰: +> u+9)CA C 4 *+> $C(X $(H
V: CA!Y =.A(H 4 F E [A(;5 U $! 4 A!> •D % V: C $+2 m@;b6 4 $(8 7 +`@) ]Vl U $ : E + % X].A 4 [+e f-C$ /6 =.A 4
A!> % $A*- ‡Q % sb) E $A*- U Ÿ % R+s;:A $ X* C E S /@ 9DZX 4 )C(j:A&> 7$CA&: $(eU 4 A!> /6 % k2 E V: fA! 4 $(eU &:A()
&8+> /;8A$ .

W?bX $ A C # A /6 =.A O # k2 O E X].A f+`e fA! 4 $ @\ C E O $ fACU > E A /o>+B % 8*(X- &8C *A 4 !?5 U % !b> # =
Y!;X 4 7 • +oivX +`@) /: , ms> $(H gC+k2 !> ¢+?)A +> /6 $CA&: A!:- f+?XA E AC f+`e f+ViBX ! 7 /?:+@\ $ U*C- C %
&@:- 7 > ].A f(:+Y / ^ $ &:$CU-C 7 /?i> $ S L$U&0X C $ : E + % X].A 4 : $(H E > *U!> *UC T E hYAU +> !;b E = +D % :+`e 4
X /i2+5 4 F E &:! . @> E [A!F$+ 4 [+D 4 !o) !> ^].A U A&H ^+: /> /6 # • +9 A !.A!. # > †V;dX O E *A m # X M E i E !1: $C+ % - L+F
=X(?Q $(H „:+e *A uA!5A „:+e *A L+F U +D A!F # :+ 4 , E N(ªBX ! - =.A +X!1V?Q $ c.+< +e /VD C +D % vi, 4 =.A
m.!< /> /6 [+D 4 02 E X L$A$ } 4 $(8 . 02 m.!< E A } # A!> /6 =.A O % &h) # A!8 W # > U /:+V'+ƒ q E S /:+VQ! $+j;YA %
:+>!Y A!:- ^$!X •‰lA ms> /6 *U!XA f+`e 4 X /\ =.A /;5!F $(H 4 +> # A qi, c.+< U £$!6 & # +> /6 =.A C(j) O
b?X$- 4 +D % n&oX # !~ *A + # wC ‡ # • [+D 4 aU •(: *A # o5 = E X f+9'+~ U / 4 @\ fA() E i?bX O 4 $!6 WQ AC . &@\ # O
+X*- /D$ # ^+e!5&> m $ [+DC(b6 C 4 f+;B6+< f(\ 7 Œ$]"@> 7 T:U&:A % 7 C(X(6 7fA$(. 7 A # /VD /6 f+;B:+k5A U fA!
l$A I + % !~ *A AC $(H g]?bX WQ # A!eA ‡ % X Wh@'+> Wh@'A ‡>+v Y :A( E X].A O 4 &:A /;8A$ $ D C E +e Š Te 4i2+Q
AT5A # :+X+B>+: m 4 C+9> +D : E /VD U L$CU+ $ . /> +D$CU+; $ !> =. # A*AC$ U f+:* R+dQ U €+jY U C+B"@. U f& %
C # CATF!> U fA$!X m % C+9eA % =.A L&:+X $U&0X =l+Ve *+V: . @\ +> !FA E > O E UC /DA! % X +D 4 fA() A # f+`e O
X].A 4 A!o`Y /> AC % > •D *+> E !;b % $!> 7 ;Q 4 CA$C(H!> +> % > *A E !;b # A(l O # ;1: & 4 V: f+`e 4 (ie „:+d> A!:- fA()
&:AC 7 V: U 4 : fA() E '(9Y W>+Y ‡bX !. fA(@h> A!:- T 4 $!6 /P!l f+ViBX+: f+`e /> 7 * # B6 !D A! 4 7 $ *A /eC$ !D C
> 4 l]~A 4 # s8(H *A + E '+ 4 X 7 4 &:A() $ C # ;Q /6 &>+ 4 ^+V) •D !FA +`e f+:+ViBX C(v> f # A !> /\C+‚? # :A(Y O E 6+) O E &
&:CAZF 7 o> •D *+> E S / ^$!X $ : E > f+8C+V8 /6 + E =.A f+:+ViBX!>A!> C+`\ *A m 7 +`@) U # ? 4 +DC(b6 *A # S L*A&:+> f+b
•(VdX $ : E + % X].A 4 +8 U # > •D & E hVe f- *A !;b E $CA$ = 7 A!"B<AU R+dQ /> /: % X].A 4 $+`: &@DA(H f$!F 7 /:
U fU!Y gAC!oX [+v. 4 U C+B"@. $ !> =. # U €+jY U f& Th) # Z< &@DA(H AC ! # =5! 7 /: $ :A(Y C E [+e $(H O 4 h) /> $&
$A$ &@DA(H g+eU* 7 [A&;>A q>A(P /: 4 +, U N(> U gC+`~ U =.+d: # b:+e AC ¦ E ;8A&`> q>A(P O 4 > f!Y E V;B 4
(H # $!6 &@DA(H m 7 [AZ, q>A(P /: 4 ";5+?8 AC $(H 4 +<C+`\ CA(sb: U •. # f+ # + V6 4 * U # $+ % D+X xi5 E CA!Y f+
$A$ &@DA(H 7 .(X /: E o 4 8+o: /: U 4 aAU ^+oX *A AC % !@D % 9DZX gA!?@X &Q /> $(H 4 [+< E $CU- &@DA(H O 7 /: U
+D $+j;YA % *U!XA G!0) !< % (H # :A(Y †>+) AC m E (6* U xVH O ¨ =H+. &@DA(H /@B0'A y!Y U /lC+pX U .

A # O $ : E + % X].A 4 $ X+8 !P+Q N+QC W ¡K X(. f+`e C(b6 4 S /VD /6 =.A Vil !‰: *A +`:- 4 ;h@2 U 4 $ 0v. C 4
B> E [+< C+ E < f+`e *A !) O E V`> U &:CA$ CA!Y /;5!b E F&:* }v. =`e O 4 : E T $ B> +`:- C E [+< C+ E F&:* }v. *A !) O 4
A ^$!X # < f+`e O E =.A /;5!b . q.(;X •YC /6 +d:- $ S /:A!. &X-C /:a+. ) PNB ( $ !XA C # +? % '+V8 4 K–˜˜˜ Ca$ U
+<UCA C$ 3—˜˜˜ C$ U YA E .(:+ E / 3–˜˜˜ =.A Ca$ 7 A # •YC O $ +DC(b6 C % , E ;1: ! 4 X].A f+`e 4 *A š˜˜ Ca$
!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3
V: !)A!5 4 $UC . ;YU 4 C(b6 /6 % (. f(\ # ACA$ x % $ /:A!. &X-C •3˜˜˜ Ca$ $ =.A N+. C 7 U O<Aw •˜˜˜˜ Ca$
wU!: U ˆ3˜˜˜ A U Ca$ # &@iB K¡˜˜˜ GC+V:A$ U Ca$ Kˆ˜˜˜ Ca$ 7 /B:A!5 U 7 f+V'- 7 f+;Bi":A 7 A # '+; E + 7 &@iD 7
!)A # m 7 'A!;.A E + $ $U&Q C K˜˜˜˜ Ca$ 7 VD E O $ /:A!. &X-C $ !jX C –š˜ =.A Ca$ 7 U $ f+;B6+< C •™˜ U Ca$ $ C
Œ$]"@> K•˜ U Ca$ $ $+\ C 3—˜ Ca$ 7 U $ !;`> C # A!8 O # q $ +DC(b6 C % , E ;1: ! 4 6!) E C(. U x:() U / # U /
A!X *A m6 33˜˜ +) K™˜˜ Ca$ . ;Q 4 $ +DC(b6 C % A(l *A CA$C(H !> # ;1: C+8!. & 4 ) $(h2 f+;B>!l % 7 gAC+Vl
>!l 4 L&0;X 7 (6 # = 7 !vY 7 !0> # O 7 ' E 9 4 7 ATd'A # ! 7 : E !d # / ( A # Ca$ CATD L$ q.(;X &Q C$ •YC O 7 # @h 4 *A !;V6 # M
^C+`\ $ A /:A!. &X-C % , M\(6 C(b6 $!5 !D /> /6 =.A E ;1: ! 4 (. # X ‡ih) x 4 F E $! . +BVD C(b6 U$ C$ # S / f$CA
[A!.A U E W 7 /6 hVe E ; 4 N$+hX # &? # S /ov@X C$ U &:CA$ !" 5A!ke E + # 4 &QAU % : E F&:* T 4 X 4 &@@6 7 +> /:a+. /:A!. &X- C$
+D MV6 R+B;QA % eC+H 4 C$ # ? 4 3™˜˜˜ U Ca$ $ C $ # !" % 3¡˜˜ =.A Ca$ .

m:A$ U!ViY C$ 7 A # X].A f+`e O 4 F*UC /6 C+ % aAU ‡bX!. % CU!< m:A$ % U $(> » X].A r@D!5 4 « R!, f-
D+e I H AC W E $(> L$!6 L! 7 $ C $ X+oX !P+Q fACU 4 !5- *A !)a+> fA&@\ # +o % . E $CA&: L+ . !) L*+) ‡9~ # +DC+X- O 7 =9B:
> 4 $A(. % $ '+XU(. C 4 –¡ % $ N+"@. C ™š % $ f+;B6+< U Œ$]"@> C ™K % $ C X m6A! ¡– % $ !jX C •š % $ C
ATd'A # ! •˜ % $ x:() C ˆˆ % C(. C$ # / Kš % A C$ # fA! K— % )C(2 C$ 7=.A 4 VD /6 E +<UCA C$ =9B: O % '+V8 4
>!, U 4 T6!X U % 'A!;.A U A$+:+6 U E : U + E *A &@'*( • % V: *U+d) 4 H!> C$ U &@6 4 O<Aw U GC+V:A$ f(\ +DC(b6 *A
.C !12 /> E =.A L& .

VD E !>A!>+: O % X* C$ E S /@ < Œ*(X- E X /;5!b E `e f+ Y!;X f+ 4 :$ U E + % X].A 4 $CA$ $(eU : $A&h) $ # +D /Vi‚ % C$ /:a+.
+> Œ$]"@> C(b6 U$ 3KK X E i E 1: f( IIII hVe ! E @iD U = II +`@) +> & 3¡ X E i E I hVe f( E = ™š˜˜˜ $A&h) U 7=.A !1:
$ # +D /Vi‚ % 'A!;.A /:a+. E hVe +> + E = 3š X E i E !1: f( % f- > !1: CATD W`\ E C+V8 *A !;b $ # +D /Vi‚ % . /:a+ f+;B6+<
3ˆ— X E i E !1: f( % =.A 7 /?:+@JVD $ # +D /Vi‚ % +> &:]@5 /:a+. ¡ X E i E hVe f( E •@< f- = > !1: CATD E C+V8 *A !;b
$ # +D /Vi‚ % hVe /6 =.A m6A!X E ; 4 $CA$ &:]@5 !>A!> m8 . R+;6 $A&h) [+D 4 /:a+. /6 $ C(b6 C ¡ X E i E !1: f( %
X «+J> GC+V:A$ 4 R+;6 C+V8 *A &.C [+D 4 /'+. !D /6 $ C(b6 C KK˜ X E i E !1: f( % T:U&:A % X !b;@X 4 > $(8 E !;b
=.A . +`@) $ C(b6 C ™˜ X E i E !1: f( % R+;6 •(VdX N$+hX /:a+. f+;Bi":A [+D 4 /6 $ C C(b6 %+D X].A 4 +> # M
X E i E hVe $C+ E X !b;@X +`:- = 4 X «+J> $(8 4 &.C . (: =9B: # R+;6 f+F&@B +D % Vil 4 DC$ E J E +DC(b6 *A M % :(@6 4
^].A f+`e $ +oX C # :+`e •YC +> /B 4 ;Q f- 4 /> # M $ V: &2 C 4 &.C . A # •YC O $ !jX C 7 < E !) /;5!b # R!l C(b6 O
˜¬K3 % $ f+;B6+< C ˜¬˜¡¡ % 7 $ …A!l C ˜¬˜KK % 7 $ C C(. # / ˜¬˜3 % 7 $ ' C E 9 4 ˜¬˜˜K % =.A 7 $ )C(2 C E /?
;Q 4 $ +DC(b6 C % ?\(6 4 (. U &:]@5 U GC+V:A$ f(\ # A U x # A &@iB # 9B: O = *A ˆ +) ¡ $ [+< &2C E V: !) O 4 - # & .

l }v. C $ + ' 4 S f+`e !) m:A$ 7 # @h 4 $ tCT> fA&@Vb:A$ U!ViY C 7 S /X+:*A!) :(@6 f+`e 4 S /X+:*A!) ^].A ";B?8CU 4
> •D *+> E !;b % A!:- /6 =.A $ +e f+F&:!> =.!`5 C # X x?h@X W>(: ’U!hX LT 4 fA() # =5+ . +D /;8C *A /;8C /. %
:+"d@< III A / # O e III + # l /> LT I .+.A ^(i 4 ) 5 E T # 8 7M E V 4 7 5 E T # •'( % ?8T< U 4 ( /;Be!> /> /'+. !D /6 $CA$ €+j;HA
!) # f+`e fA&@Vb:A$ O $ !D C # A *A M # X ‡ih) +D /;8C O 4 F E $! . $ • +hVe !P+Q f!Y C ˆš— A L&:!> !1: # +D /;8C O %
/6 &:&8 /:+F /. 3—— !XA +`:- *A !1: # [+? 4 7 ™™ i":A !1: E B 4 7 ¡š 1: :+V'- ! 4 7 K– !1: (B:A!5 % 7 3– .UC 4 7 3™
&[(. % 7 3K (. # B 4 7 ˆ &@D !1: % 7 o> U E +DC(b6 *A / % $ # !" % X +`:- /iVe *A /6 &:A L$(> 4 !5A *A fA() # +o %
>(@e 4 7 A # &@iB 7 [A!.A U a+V)A(F E $!> ^+: W . X].A f+`e U 4 7 :+`e 4 :+X* /6 4 . O>A E +D+@ 7 *AC % +D 7 X*CA(H 4 +D 7
> E :U! 4 +D 7 e +D!>+ 7 D O>A E +D •‘ 7 /> AC +D /ViBX $ : E + % hVe +> !P+Q N+Q C$ U $(> L$!6 A&DA m:A$ E = 3K˜˜
X E i E !1: f( % $(H # hVe •d@< M E $CA$ AC f+`e ^+V) = 7 A /VD C$ # > f!Y O E +`@) U +`@) •;B # Vil L&:!> M 4 +e # LT
N+. C$ AC f- /6 /;8A$ W>(: 3š–š 5 U$ …+1)A /> •`:- E T # !X- fA&? # +? # 4 C$ # =.A /;8A$ =5+ .

A /:a+. =.!`5 C$ % C$ f+`e tCT> fA&@Vb:A$ *A /6 ™• S /;8C C+X- /X+@'+. C$ ^(il {i;sX % !9;hX Quid «+J>
X 4 &.C 7 X u(>!X /;8ZF f!Y m8 /> /J:- C$ 4 $(8 7 ;Q 4 ^+: # X].A f+`e *A AC &@Vb:A$ M 4 V: 4 fA() # =5+ 7
:+b: /?:+@JVD 4 @\ *A E &@Vb:A$ O % $ !`5 C tCT> g+5+b;6A U g+lA!;HA =. $ HA f!Y U E U 7! $ =.!`5 C $ CATD +D L
V: !P+Q f+`e /:a+. •A!;HA 4 fA() # =5+ .

!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3–
.+.A gU+1) L*+) U 4 Œ*(X- r@D!5 U +D +D $ A C # O $ R!, U …!8 f+`e U 7 > E V6 /> /J:- *A !;b E +"b:A$ = L U +D
j0) E R+;6 U +D L$!?i +D 6 /> &8+> u(>!X E 1 E (>!X +`:- = =.A u 7 * # *U!XA /J:- A! $ B> C E C+ % 8*(X- T6A!X *A 4
X].A f+`e 4 C&) # X x 4 • +oivX $(8 : f- E WB: &:A(;> /6 =B +D % A$!5 % A!> AC f- % - # S L&@ XA E !) ms> & % &@6 L$+X- .

V. C$ E :+`e C+@ 4 » X].A 4 f$!6 $ m:A « < N+. &@\ /6 E X].A L+"b:A$ C+?;>A /> m 4 > E iiV'A O 4 U $+>- ^].A f+X*+.
> E iiV'A O 4 X].A !?1) 4 !XA # +? $ +< C # ?b) f+;B6+< =s; E [C q.() U &8 W E C(`Ve x % A =YU # +bF C(b6 O # m # =5+ 7
[C E X].A L+"b:A$ x 4 (;0X f+;B6+< # g+ i6 E R+;6 / +D % $ .C 4 L+"b:A$ +D % AC f+`e /6 $ C(ª) +`:- C % 9B: E =
A # +;b@ # lA U =B:A$ W~+> =.A /;5!F CA!Y ‹0> $C(X O P!5 /6 $!6 ^] E A / # +;b@ # O $ :A(Y $C(X C E U •)A U g+@[+6 O
, U $U$!X ^].A !‰: * A L$+X E =.A N(9Y W>+Y ! .

@> E . RTQ CAZ":+ E .+ 4 : E &@XU! » X].A =l+Ve 4 « f+;B6+< 7 $U &hX ¢aA(>A +:a(X % 7 /6 # ? 4 !;V`X *A # +DTkX O %
X].A !?1;X 4 X /;H+@8 !P+Q !jl 4 6-) $(H />(@> $(8 E & X 4 5 ^(il !FA /6 &@6 E T # M 7 8 E V 4 7 * # .+@8 =B 4 7
Q E .+@8 fA( 4 7 X* E .+@8 O 4 7 5A!ke E + 7 $+j;YA 7 9v) fU&> E < U A&H /J:- +> WX+6 ‡ E Œ!9Vk $ S LC+>C &:A /;1F +`:- C&) # x
DA!VF ‹l+> &:(8 4 &8 &DA(H f+ViBX f+:A(e . X U 4 &.!< : » A!> /6 +V8 % !Vl g+@[+6 % X &@\ E i E h) /'+. $C+ EE X O 4
@6 E AC &:UA&H mo: U & $ !5- C # L*UC m8 m@ - $+: f # X L& 4 F E X /:("\ $! 4 DA(H E BX f+;:+:A(e & i Y+> f+V 4 U £&@:+V>
X C(v\ 4 :A() E X].A ='+2A ¦1Q †Y(;X & 4 8+> +`:- E & $ ;YU C E Œ*(X- f+:- /> /? [+D 4 AC $ X* C E +D /@ % U $+j;YA
.+@8 /hX+e U …(oQ 4 *U!XA % X E $+`: C(v> /6 &@D& % Œ*(X- +> +D % ;@. 4 X].A 4 £&:CA$ gU+1) «

< N+. +`@) E m 7 $ /X L+X C 3šš3 VD C+b5 +> 7 E X].A =l+Ve RTQ O 4 $ +V: xidX C # :(:+Y f+;B6+< f+F&@ 4 &8 †PU
f- *A /6 5 WXA(l U Wil !6Ž *A x< E T # ? 4 $ R+;6 C +D % CA$(H % $(8 7 5 4 w!:A W‘V'A % :A U Wh5 WX+l 1 N+h [+D 4
/;H+@8 f(F+:(F * 7$(b: # @hX A! 4 A!> f- % A fA*(X- m:A$ # A WX+l /6 $(> &DA(H O # N+h1:A U Wh5 O : +D E U! %
!;?'A # `'A =.A(H /: U =.A /;B 4 7 8 N(X!5 U 6!) L&8 /;H+@ E B6A „ E D U f• E A!> fwUC& % < E A& # &> R- m # gC(2 O
k) EE ! # 6!) /6 &>+ E •)A „ +D % B6A E D U f• E ~!b> fwUC& 4 X &8+> /;.A(H &:UA&H /6 4 $CU- $(e(> R- &:A() . •D *+> U
ij5 !D /6 &8 C!oX 4 R+;6 *A +D % Vil 4 &Q +> nCA&X # ‹ # @;X + 4 9DZX 4 &8+9: f- ¥Y+: U &8+> u(>!X fA&> /6
:A&@Vb:A$ ^+: !6Ž *A U 7&8+> LA!VD 4 : f(\ E (> U f()( # Vi5 U C(;.+< U W E U r@ , E : L! E CA$(H T % $(8 7 * # ^(`1X A!
A f- # :A(Y /6 =.A O E @ 4 X L$A$ =9B: +`:- /> /6 4 .(> $(8 E :+B6 /i 4 , E AU &:A L&8 †PU &:UA&H *A ! # @hX O 4 =>
;.!< 4 $CA$ . # :+;B6+< &@Vb:A$ M 4 oX E !XA • # +? 7 P E &'A ¢+ # CA$!. O 7 >+;6 C$ 4 HA /6 E • A! - ^+@> # S L&@ : C$ ^].A E ( # GC(
A =.A L$!6 !b;@X # =8A$!> O @\ AC +D E =.A L$!6 /2]H O : » D ^].A E : Š E *+ % m:A$ N(2A +> AC $(H /6 $CA&:
9v) fC&X E &D&> ‡ 7 A /?i> # X /6 =.A fC&X •il O 4 +> # 9v) ^].A +> U f-!Y +> & E $(8 L$A$ ‡ . «

* * *
hYAU E A $(e(X = # FCT> ms> /6 =.A O 4 ^].A *U!XA f+`e ^$!X *A 7 :+ViBX 4 > AC $(H E (D &@. gC(j> !;b # ; 4
X C+?> 4 F E gC(j> +) &:! $+o;lA % 7 * # A *A ›C+H C$ /6 A! # (D O # X].A = 4 ;il a(2A 4 $(eU % A!> % &:CA&: $(H .
[+DC(b6 4 ?) fU&> Œ$]"@> U f+;B6+< f(\ E :+ViBX !> / 4 [ATeA +`@) $(H 4 C+Vb> tCT> f+;.U&@D *A 4X - # /6 &@
C$ S /VD C+) # : c E &:A /;8A$ ‡ih) fA&> T . 8 E b: c E +D O % iH E D+X fU&> nC+5 • E = X].A 4 C+) /: $(H # s 4 &:CA$ 7 /:
"@D!5 4 7 (D /: # ; 4 . A!> % FCT> ms> 4 :A(@l ^].A 7 4 > E : m E =B 7 * # ^(`1X /: f+:+ViBX *A &2C$ $+;bD •6 =.$ A!
:-!Y 4 :+>* /> /6 AC 4 , E X =.A L&8 /;8(: f+8$(H f+>* *A ! 4 *+V: ^(`1X /: U &@V`5 % :+>* /> /6 AC 4 , E *A !
X f+8$(H f+>* 4 &@:A(H XC$ 4 # &@>+ 7 BX f+@X(X /6 C(v:+VD E 0 4 :ACU$ C$ 4 9DZX •.A!X *(@D /6 4 f+>* /> +`@)
)a E X CATF!> O 4 /: &8 X @h 4 AC /J:- X /6 4 X &:&:A(H 4 V`5 E &:& 7 @hX /: 4 X /6 AC /J:- 4 @8 E &:& . S /VD C+\+: /> A # O
*+V: ('(X /;1F /> fACATF % » UC % CA*+> /> N$ U RA!0X /> « &:CA$ .

;Q 4 :+ViBX 4 : f+:+>* R!l $(H E ;YU +) 7T E A!> /? % A # ;HA f+@ E C+ % N(9Y C$ # U f- $C + # ;Q + 4 'A(ª. 4 f- LC+>C$
C+9;lA &8+9: % > E BX *A m E 0 E B> = E C+ % BX *A E 0 E v.U fU!Y f+ 4 V: 4 =8A$ &:A() 7 * # D /6 A! E A *A ^A&?J # „DZX f+@
(H # T":!> /:+D+F- AC m # : /:A$A*- U &:A L& E +< f- !> T # & &:A L&:+V: CA . AC $(H „DZX !;'U N(o> /> )C(2 f+VD 4 (0) # W
AC N(< /6 &:A /;5!F # AC f+8C(b6 • . A L&8 /;H+@8 f(:+Y % !b> $!5!D /6 =.A % 9DZX f+VD +> 4 :$ /> E X + 4 - # /6 &
F$A(:+H „DZX 4 =.UA . B6 4 A L$A(:+H C$ /6 % # $(` % X &'(;X 4 $(8 # $(` % B6 U =.A 4 A L$A(:+H C$ /6 % BX E 0 4
!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3—
# X L$A* f+ViBX + 4 BX $(8 E 0 4 # =.A f+ViBX + 7 9DZX C+;H+. C+\+@> U 4 )C(2 f+V`> *+,- *A UA 4 8 III X W? 4 F E $!
FC+6 /6 I A fA$! # A!> „DAZX O # &:A /;.A(H m . C+) N(~ C$ # „DAZX c » Q() E & % « X E i E f( +> „DZX ^+@> !1: +D # &? # !"
"@e E A&H ^+@> U L& % &VD „DZX # > &:A /;b6 AC !" 4 l]~A /?:- 4 $ f- gA&o;hX *A # !" % &@8+> /;8A$ # ;Q + 4 /e(;X
A&H /6 &@8+> % A&H f+VD UA % =.A f+8$(H . 2 f- /: I i E 9 E :+ 4 U$ N(~ C$ /6 # eA(XA gC(j> N+. =B 4 < E <+ 4 />
X AC f-!Y &@;5C f+:+ViBX C+;b6 4 :+:+ViBX f- /: U &@;H+@8 4 U!> /6 % A # i2 O E 9 E bV8 f+ E b6 ! E \ &:& E T % C() *A gA
U d:A E X W 4 &@;B:A$ . !D # A *A M # $ f- C(b6 C$ !FA U$ O # !" % :&> E A&H ^+@> $(> L&X- + % VD /> UA E b6 ^$- O 4 =.$
X 4 $* . A œUC !FA | VH E @ 4 A L$A(:+H C$ % # $(` % +d> a+V;QA $(> L&8 &'(;X % - # |A = +V‰l % ^+H+H =V. C$ •Y
i8CA •‰lA E bV8 • E b6! 4 X 4 @> !FA U 7$!6 E X+ E ;: O :+ E (D+ : E :A&:+H C$ T 4 ^+oX C$ *U!XA a+V;QA $(> L&8 L$A* f+ViBX
!9DC % A!> |A RTQ % # $(` # )+6 f+ E +8( X Md:C+: U 4 $+;.!5 .

# A f+ViBX M # :A! 4 7 VD /> E A *A +`@) 7NA(@X O # =.A L$(> f+ViBX ŒC&< /6 =.A f+ViBX =`e O 7 C&< U : UA E &> T # O
'$ E I W C&< /6 L$(> f+ViBX % ViBX I =.A /;8A$ f+ 7 U +< # I A f+ # d:* qH O E A!8 !D C$ ! # v I 4 ;b)C* /> I 4 ?i5 III A L$T %
X 4 bV8 +> /6 &.C E a R!l ! /'A aA |A > $(> /;1F 4 ;Q /?:- 4 @hX 4 &8+> /;B:A$ A!:- . VD !FA U E ’]s> f+ViBX O
® : $ *A •D$ / # @. f+`e f+:+ViBX!" 4 : E 8 U =B E =.A /h 7 &> *+> # '$ O E 5+PA /6 =.A W bV8 !> / E < f!Y L$C+`\ ! E m
# R!l M 7 bV8 E < f!Y !`\ ! E m # /6 $(> /;.A(H UA *A Œ+9'TY M # !?>(>A /> + U &;.!1> =@h' f+V‘l U !Vl U # +
!> Œ!. +d>+e /6 &8+> f- L$+X- # L& # $(8 LCA mV?8 + .

S /VD C$ C+) fACU$ # X].A c 4 A # fA! 7 (12 f+X* *A €(2(s> # / 7 X E [+`:- f+ 4 !‰: *A /6 . E .+ 4 A !> # ?Q fA! IIII •
[+`:- U &:A L&:AC 4 9DZX !‰: *A /6 4 i6 E CA$& % $ # &:A /;8A$ L&`h> AC O 7 il E ! , h5+@X $+p) • 4 8+: gC&Y r@e *A /6 4
X 4 C$ L&8 # !?1VD €+H $C(X M % C+?VD U % =.A /;8A$ $(eU WX+6 7 A f- # A /6 =.A L$(> O # +D L$() O % f+ViBX
. gC+k2 †P(X C$ AC $(H E .+ 4 U 9DZX gC+k2 †P(X C$ 4 &:CA$ L+": . ~]. E Y AC $(H LCA(VD O E . • E .+ 4 ^$!X
k2 E ! % '(p5 ‡Q /6 &:A /;H+@8 4 C+6 C$ AU!:+X!5 # S /X+6 $(H f+ (H # U 7&:CA&: AC m i6 E $ fACA$& # : O E AC $(H T Y E •
l!8 4 k2 E :A! 4 < N+. CATD *A /6 &:A /;B:A$ E 8 m E h E :+ 4 &:A L&8 /;H+@8 Woh'A ŸY+: . !FA f!Y C$ WX+l •D$*(:
X(. 4 +< C+Vh;.A ^+@> &> # X O E A /X+:!> 7$+`: fA& # .C(: WX+l O E 9‘) $(H />(@> L& E = Y E X(V E ; 4 C+Vh;.A % ;iX !> 4
k2 E $(> ! . . .. U &> # )!) O E b: /6 $(> „ E *A!5 U „ % N+. C$ 7/'+. CATD +D % +< # :+ 4 > f!Y E X+‰: CA!o;.A •;B 4 ^+@>
aU # o5 = E AC / < C$ 4 /6 $CU- A # dX C+> O V S /l( A # +D gC+k2 O # :(:+Y Wj5 L+8 U &8 /.+6 M 4 .+.A 4 CA!Y f-
=5!F .

@\ +> E .+.A f(:+Y O 4 A =iX †P(X 7 # +< C$ fA! # > f!Y f+ E 8 /> AC $(H œUC /6 =.A ’U!hX =.U+5 †P(X •;B E f+v
$(> /;HU!5 . ;Q 4 C+) C$ # !;? # "@D!5 u(o. 7LCATD CAU$A O 4 A # &> +) fA! # .!: &Q O E L& +) NUA *A f- fACA&X+X* /6 $(>
A /X+Vl !H- /> % ;.A f+b: /> /6 &@8+> /;8A$ !. !> AC E ] % X+‰: 4 > E &> /:+" # ;.A f+b: /> U &X- C(b6 O E ] %
"@D!5 4 > E Y+> f- C$ /:+" 4 &:+X . |A œUC VH E @ 4 H CA!.aA {b6 C$ +DC+> ( $ » @"' L]6 4 « „:+eA L&:+X x< fA(@h>AC
1: 4 A +XA 7$!6 # O hYAU E $ = # AC !" # U $!?: GC$ + # $+: ]Vl A!:- + # S /X+Vl /6 =5!F L& UA $(H : E T > C&o:+V` # „:+eA C+F$+
@"' L]6 /6 7=.A 4 A +> 7=.A # @"' L]6 /6 gU+1) O 4 bV8 +> WYAa E A /> ! # : fA! E +V: /> /?i> &X+ # F&@ 4 "@D!5 U f&V) 4
< E Z< !) /;5!b # V`> /?:+@JVD 7&8 /;5! E „:+e *A gC(2 O $ *A •‰lA ms> # !" +DC(b6 % : f+`e E Z< T # L&8 /;5!
=.A .

* * *
„io) *A ]9Y [+D 4 # *CA C$ /6 ^$!6 $+ # >+ 4 hYAU E = +D % U CATD &2C+`\ S /'+. C+) # X].A c 4 A # =.A /;5!F gC(2 fA! .
'U 4 +9: # !;FCT> /6 $!6 Œ(XA!5 & # A O # „io) O +D 9io) 4 /: •`:- 7+X $(H fACU$ C$ /6 =.A B1) C$ E hYAU ! E = +D % A # O
C+) # UC f- $(H O;X C$ /?i> 7c % &9) f- U 7=.A L$A$ # W # jl M E > f!Y f+ E V;B 4 /> # A!"B<AU R]o:A M # fU!Y /:+
[+v.U 4 =.A .

jl E :+ 4 N+. C$ /6 3ˆ¡™ jl /: &8 *+,- E :+ 4 9DZX 4 a(2A /: U $(> BX C$ E A ! # •'([& % 9DZX 4 /: U 7=8A$ CA!Y
@\ C$ +`@) E BX O E ! % * 7$(> f- {'+sX =`e C$ =.C$ /?i> 7$(9: # A! A # •'([& % S /VD „DAZX » Q() E & % « X+. 4 !>
V6+Q E :A(Y ‡ivX = E k) O EE Z<+:! # ! % ?;X 4 :A(Y /6 =.A E :+V.- O 4 )C(2C$ 7&:A L&8 /;H+@8 E A =.A(H /? # jl O E f+
!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 3š
X-) E $A*- O % +D % )A!?X$ E > M E !;b $(> . S /hX+e !FA S &:(H- A # < +> fA! E U! % 2A *A E !) W # 8 O E S L( 6+X E 'U+ E C+h8 +> •B
$A*- /;.AC- % .A!?X$ U 4 !b> …(oQU X /> +< E A +> +`@) 7=8AZF fA& # $(> ’&D O X /6 E AC fA& X =.$*A E fACA&:A&
"> $(e(X E 7gC&Y „B6*A &h> U $! A •D # , f+VQATX O E A /X+Vl! % A(;0X •D U $(H % +DC+h8 % A!:+:- # ? 4 *A x<
$ # !" % C+) fA$ /'+>* /> # c &;.!1> .

f- » .+.A f(:+Y 4 « @\*A /6 E O ) 9io 4 A!> !FA 7$CU- !> !. % aU f+:A$!FC+6 # o5 = E >(ivX N+V6 / 4 $(> ^].A f+`e /6
+< C$ # :!Y f+ 4 > f!Y f(\ E 7•;B # @h 4 f!Y X]lA E :+`e / 4 =.$ fA&> 7!b> …(oQ # A!> 7$(> /;5+ % ;Q 4 L&:+X „ol
!) # X!8 &@. ^C+`\ f+`e U ^(. f+`e ^$!X O C+B % * 7=.A # .+.A f(:+Y +`@) A! 4 !b> *U!XA f+`e C$ % /6 =.A
;iX f- C$ 4 (H gC+k2 !> # !>A!> C$ m # Y M E l!8 • 4 6-) !`X E =.A L$+`: & . @\ !FA E A /;H+@8+: $C(X O % C$ AC
f(:+Y +D % .+.A 4 D E J E *A M 3¡¡ $ C(b6 # !" % wC +> *U!XA /6 # • +D % C(`Ve % X LCA$A 4 V: &:(8 4 fA() # 7=5+
!> A % A # D /6 =.A O E .+.A f(:+Y Š 4 9‘) L&8 ^]lA ’&D +> E iX gC+k2 = 4 †PU : V 4 $(8 †PU =EV6+Q =E9‘) %A!> 7
$(bEX . ;iX 4 $(H /6 (H gC+k2!> # /\ 7&8+> /;8AZF /02 m (H gC+oQ!> &8+> /;.A(s: /\U &8+> /;.A(H # m
: E =.A /;8AZF /02T .

ƒU !FA E ('UA /1 # A f+F&:*+. CA$ = # A A$!5 fA! # 'UA C$ /6 &8+> O E A =2!5 O # *A AC gC+oQ U gC+k2 /:+FU$ „B\ !> O
UC % (D # iX = 4 @8 ^+@8$ U L$C(H •H* E ƒU 7&:CA$!> $(H L& E S /1 A LCATD *+,-C$ 7f+:- !) g&X*AC$ % 7L*+) A # &DA(H O
S /v>AC /6 $(> CATD •'+.+: U A /'+. &2C+`\ # AC ^].A U fA! - aU /6 # o5 = E +`@) / # ? 4 ie *A +D L( % =.A f- - *A
+8(H+: gC(2 # > /;8ZF &@ E A!:- U &:CU- fU! &9) # /> W # hYAU $A$ CA!Y M 4 f- C$ /6 &@@6 W>+o;X ^A!;QA U *U+d) ^&l
!D # 5!~*A M E &8+> /;8A$ AC $(H L&8 /;H+@8 …(oQ O > 4 $ ’!~ L&8 /;H+@8 …(oQ /> /?:- # &@6 *U+d) !" .
+pXA gC(2C$ % @\ E A /X+@o5A() O % 7 ].A ATD C$ /6 $(> &DA(H fA&> &`h;X ^ C A L % X LAC*A /6 4 S LCATD ’]H!> 7&.C
$ 7/;8ZF # > U +e !" E > =YU U +d 4 il =YU E (D / # iXU = E = A # :A! 4 ": †P(X E $ 7$! # A L&:CA$*+> WX+l !" % !D !>A!> C$
Y!) /:(F 4 9i~ 4 CU-(: U % A =iX # $ 7&8+9: fA! # lA$ •‰@XC(v> !" E [(e /vi. / 4 . E .+ 4 ;8A&: $ U 7&8+> / # !D !"
&@\ # A C+9? # +X*- /J6(H AC C(b6 O # b 4 [+b":+`e 4 # DC$ €(js> U 7&D&:CA!Y $(H R]o:A CU&2 + E A!8 Š # v 4 *A
# $ /6 •`:- y!1> /6 $!9: $+ # +DC(b6 !" % ~ /> f+ViBX E iX!~+H „ E (H = # f+b9DZX +> AC m # /.+6 M f-*A U L$!6
(D # &QAU = % (D ^+@> # X].A = 4 A!> % +.$(H A =iX 7&@8+> /;H # &> /;8ZF C$ /: fA! # -C$ /: U =.A /;5C LAC O # L&@
=5C &DA(H fA&> . A ^+d:A!. U # O hYAU E : AC = E C(v>T Z‚> †~+Y # $! A!> /6 % S /'+. fACATD r@D!5 A # :A! 4 f$(> f+ViBX
X ; k2 +> ’$A! E : f$(> ! E U 7=B # A f+ViBX M # :A! 4 A C$ # A L(o'+> …(oQ f+VD*A $C(X O % A$C(H!> C /6 =.A # M
BX E 0 4 # + # M # $(` % # + # (> M [A$ 4 +`:+`eC$ % BX E 0 4 [A$(>U 4 :+:+ViBX /?:- ('U 7&:CA$C(H!> +`:- *A $(H 4 C$
X].A f+`e 4 (H # $(H m CA$C(H!> f+DA(H % @\ *A E Y(oQ O 4 &@8+9: .

@\ !FA E A /:+@o5A() O % )C(j> 4 +pXA /> /:+;.U$ 7&.!: A # C+> O ;: E B> N+V;QA /> f- /d E + A!e+X CA!?) C % CATD U
&2C+`\ < N+. E 7$(> &DA(s: m * # A!8 A! # $ /'$+hX q # A!8 !" # *U!:- q % : E =B . A =iX •D # A fA! # +X*-C+> O # &> m
CATD ^+e!5 A /'+. &2C+`\ U % *U!:- /6 $CA$ !. =b< C$ AC =8A&: 7 •D U bV8 E r:* ! (: fAC(. n&.!X L$* 7
bV8 E ! : O`6 fACA(.!;8 L&:!> E &@\ !D 7=B > /6 1 X •D y! 4 $(> a(2A *U!XA :ACU$ 4 bV8 /6 E A /:A(;b< ! %
A!> % 9DZX 4 !‚. &8+> % U 7=.A L&8 +<C$ !FA # < NUA LCATD f+ E *U! % iX 4 L*C+9X /> A % U$ # : /'+. =B E C$ =8A$*+
*+,- • +ov@X ^(. LCATD A # :ACU$ C$ C+?@ 4 B> E .C &DA(H f+X+. /> !;D+)(6 C+ E * 7& # ;>!P A! 4 N+. C$ /6 +D % +< # :+ 4
A /> ^U$ LCATD # fA! » A # :A! 4 « o0)U L$C(H E ! % :+B:A ='+2A /> /6 4 C+)U # UA c $CAU "@. f+@\ =.A L&X- E /6 =.A O
A!> % !XU CA&d6 CA!?) # +DT % e /;8ZF [+ 4 Y+> 4 =.A L&:+V: . A !FA U # Œ]) O 7 !~ *A # f+vi. L+8 ‡ BQ E @ 4 > E =B
[+e /> /;8ZF /'+. 4 .!: E A & # C+> O !~ *A # C+9X ‡ :A* 4 !) x1: L*+) BX C$ /6 !) L+F- €(js> U E C+) ! # =6!Q c
< +> 7f- ’]H =`e C$ /: U $!6 &@DA(H E *U! % * 7&8 &DA(H f+@hVD # A A! # $A* 7L+F- U ¤'+> fA*C+9X O L 2A f+F E W
"@D!5 f+VD 4 ;Q /6 $(> &@DA(H 4 CA&Y+V\ ›UA C$ % > E ('(X 7^].A fACA$ /p % ;QA!2 +> f- 4 >$A C$ /6 E D g+ E Š
X*!. E V: ^].A f+`e O 4 fA() # A&H /> 7=5+ % , /6 Œ$(H N(9Y $C(X E A&H *A ! % X $(> fACA&Y+V\ 4 =1F :

UC ‡bl /> % > UC OX () / X /i9Y 4 ^C- * OX /:!FU *+V: * U > /i9Y 4 ^CA*

!"#$ %&'() *+,-!.
/012 K˜
X A&H C(: f+kX g+>A!H C$ /6 7UA ¦5+Q U 4 $ # X C$ =8A$ •6 &dBX C$ /6 AC /J:- U & E X /:+s 4 L&d. &DA* /> 7=Be
b: E :+> O r X 4 /6 &:* :

\ III 6 +) f]1~ ( 4 A % !5 &DA* # 9 4 . /> E (e U f+;.(> „ % 8 E ! # £O

H U E 8 WD$ *AU- /6 UA ^+ E @ E X Œ(H CU$ *A f& 4 $T: *A AC f+:* WD$ ='+2A =H+@8 # * /> M # X NA(ª. ! 4 U 7$!>
7UA „[+2 C X A&: /:A&: 4 /6 $A$ :

&DA* $CA&: ‡bl /XTX* /9)C CAZ"> # $(@8 =@e L*AU- /6 &

@\ E +b"DAC O # $ A$!5 f+ # $ f+;.!< „8 f+VD !" # &Q +:a(X N(o> /6 $(> &DA(s: *U! # ("> RA(H ‹ # • +h9~ 7&@ : E f+VD T
k2 E *U!XA fA! % aU # Y = E k2 U • E * 7$(> &@DA(s: ! # CU- •U!5 f+:- ='+.C A! % A$!5 b6UC+e /: U =.A 4 U 7*U!XA
A # +b"DAC fACU- •U!5 O % [A$!5 4 l C$ /6 $(> &@DA(H E ?) O E A$!5 7O`6 ='+2A !> / % CU-(: % - U # !": L&@ % U 7=.A
+d> % [+v.U fU!Y g+5A!H 4 > †YAU GC$ /> E hYAU /:+@ E = +D % l+V;eA 4 UC ^(. LCATD f+`e % $CA$ . $!) # @?X & E /6 •
X$!X 4 A*AC$ C$ /6 % ATD /. &>- f- *A C+> !D U /;5C g+“$+Q LC(6 /> +DC+> 7m6+b6 N+. C # > !) L& E 7&:A L&X- fU!
A # : C+> O E il T E A LCATD =8ZF •,! % il U 7+.!1:A() E A •,! # A L*C+9X /?@ % > 4 < U f+XA E " E : ! E U! % Q E )+ 4 &Q +) A!:-
* # $+ % ='+2A U L$!6 •i5 +D % Y]HA 4 ;@. 4 A # : AC f+b E UC C$ T # [UC+ 4 •[A$ "X+6$(H +> 4 > U +D E !F$A& ¯ +D % R+>CA
!5 U ='U$ E# C+? % +D$+B5 U +D % $ R+>CA # {hP +> O F$('- U +D 4 +D % B> E X-C$ C+ E C$ f+@JVD 7=.A /;s AU* # + %
(H $(eU # A!8 C$ U 7&:CA$C(H!> O`6 ='+2A *A m # < f+`e &l+BX q E S /;5!b X A$!5 4 +DC+> U +DC+> &@:+X &@:A() %
< E b E 7O # $ C+9? # A !" F&:* U &:CU-!> !. $(H !;B6+H fUC$ * 4 F !. *A E &:! .

A C$ /J:- # *+,- /iQ!X O # > O E \ !D *A m E $ T # A!> !" % A # D+F- 7=.A CU!P A$!5 f+F&:*+. O 4 > /\ !D E f- !> !;b
hYAU E = +D % '(2A 4 A!> /6 =.A % < ms> E !b> /;5!b # :(@6 = 4 hYAU E +`; # 4 'U 7&:A L&8 /;H+@8 4 X].A ms> C$ 4
VD E e O il 7f+` E A •,! # :+`e C(b@X /?@ 4 [+.+@8 ‡Q !b> …(oQ 4 A!> AC +`:- % !b> $A!5A /VD % oQ 4 /;H+@8 •iBX
• +9'+, 7=.A &:A L&:+X /;H+@8+: f+@JVD . A C$ U # X].A ms> O 4 A 7f+`e # > fA! E $ C(b6 !D *A m # !" % Q]2 E =
CA$C(H!> % A *A # D+F- O 4 * 7$CA$ AC +D # :+ViBX C(b6 +`@) A! 4 6 =.A iX r@D!5 / 4 (H # :+>!Y AC m 4 X].A r@D!5 4
=.A L$!?: $(H .

!o) # S /VD +9 A # D+F- O 4 +D # 4 A fA(e WB: /6 # :A! 4 > f!Y *+,- f+`e C$ E U =B # : +`:- /> •? E $CA$ *+ +) D+F- }v. C$ 4
$ # Y!;X f+`e f+:A(e !" 4 k2 †P(X C$ /: U E :$ fA! E + % $CAZ"> L*+) LCATD /> +< f+ViBX 7 U +D /D$ C$ +D L&. %
&:A U !"bDU•< +D&2 „:+e *A /;8ZF # Y$ n+@8C+6 U &@Vb E • +o .C!> $C(X 4 *CA W2+Q U &:A /;5!F CA!Y # >+ 4 +D %
A # S /;8(: U /'+.C U R+;6 fACATD gC(2 /> f+@ o0) E o 4 X(Vl n!;.$ C$ 4 =.A L&8 /;8AZF . • +h9~ !FA f+?XA
• /VD /> /heA!X A # A!> GCA&X O % 7$CA&: $(eU fA(e WB: V: U 4 A y(l C$ 7&8+> /;8A$ •D &:A() # $(e U f+?XA O
:+B6 /6 $CA$ 4 > f+?XA U =2!5 /6 &8CA WB: *A E !;b % A!> % [+@8- 4 A +> # AC $(H g+l]~A W2+Q &:A /;8A$ GCA&X O
X* C$ E +D /@ % hX E &:CAZ"> f+:- n!;.$ C$ O .

@\ E C+6 O % V: 4 +D /;8C &:A() % 1i;sX 4 9Y *A E C+) W # . 7„DZX 7c E .+@8 /hX+e 7=.+ 4 C(~ /> AC # F !> C$ +d? E 7$!
* # A A! # C+6 O 7 C+6 # A$ M # ! ¨ =.A OX !‰: $C(X /J:- 7=.A ’C+hV'A D+F- f$A$ 4 +D % 2+j;HA 4 X* C$ E +D /@ # 4 hX E O
.!;.$ /6 =.A 4 fA&> A!> +D % # *U!XA fA(e M % : f+.- E =B 7 @\ U E C+6 O % A C$ # U!XA fA! * > E X* !D *A m E S /@
$ # !" % X* C$ E D+F- /@ 4 +D % 9DZX 4 * 7$CA$ gCU!P # C+) C$ A! # c 3•˜˜ (> U +X /;8ZF /'+. # C+) C$ L• # &@\ c
HA /'+.&2 E VD C$ U +X ! E !o) 7+X $(H fACU$ O # +`'(0) /VD +9 % X- /he+5 E C f+XC(b6 T # 9DZX /b 4 +) U 7&:A /;8A$
;YU 4 D+F- /6 4 +D % B> E > C+ E !;b % C$ O#A X* E +e /@ % D+F- +: 4 +D % :(@6 4 ": AC E B> 7$! E C+ % +D /he+5 *A % - # L&@
: +X C(b6 E X f+@JVD T 4 C &@:A() # 9DZX /b 4 &@8+> /;8A$ . *CA C$ # >+ 4 +D % > E HA /'+. =B E :A!‰: „Q+2 +DC+> ! 4
A f+";H(X- m:A$ !FA /6 &:A L$A$ !6Z) # N+. C$ fA! +D % < E P() R]o:A *A m E VH CA!B'A {b6 U W[+BV'A } E @ 4 AC
> &:$(> L&:A(H / A B> N+V;Q E +D L&lU C+ # 4 &> $A$ f+:A&> ()+8(' W5(: C$ UA /6 # :+.- O 4 Z< +`:- „:+e *A # V: /;5! 4 7&8
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B> R!, f+`e C$ *U!XA /6 f+@JVD E C+ % i6 /J:- *A E +B % BX E 0 E < = E X $+`@b 4 &@6 - ov@X „)A!X /> /?:- +> 4 U !)
[+v.U fU!Y q>A(P *A !;'(ohX 4 aU # o5 = E / D + % b) f+`e E O@B) U † =.A - BX „:+e *A E 0 E Z< f+ # V: /;5! 4 $(8 .

A !b: *A ’&D # @;B:A$ O 4 [+D 4 X /6 4 +> # hYAU LC+>C$ & E = D + % „DAZX - • +2+j;HA /: U S LC+>C$ ^].A „DZX - C$
;HA E A$!5 WB: C+ % A # :A! 4 A $(8 /;8AZF # : O E @\ /6 =B E iB: O 4 > N(9Y / # S /VD $C + +`:- # =VBY + +D # 4 ^TiX +`:- *A
&8+> * 7 # A A! # A /iªBX O % Q]2 C$ +5!2 /6 =.A E ;HA C$ U = E =.UA $(H C+ . • +hYAU /J:- VDA E A $CA$ = # /6 =.A O
@\ E O e A fA( # :A! 4 DZX W[+BX LC+>C$ &:A(;> 9 4 D+F- f+VD +> 4 sb) U &@6 !?5 E Vj) U &D$ Ÿ E "> • E X /6 $! 4 C$ &:A()
. W[+BX $C(X E .+ 4 $+j;YA U % "@D!5 U 4 w('(@?) U # sb) M E Vj) U &D$ Ÿ E F • E !) /:A*AU!< &@i> mo: C$ U 7$! %
A /6 •D # +p;YA /> 7A$!5 fA! % X E "@D!5 fA!F _A! 4 (H # !b> r@D!5 U f&V) C$ m % • +2+j;HA U [+b"DC C$ 4 f+`e
CA$C(H!> +> 7=8A$ &DA(H L&`l /> ^(. % VD *A E D+F- O 4 +D % $ # )+D+9;8A CA!?) *A AC fA!" 4 +) =.A L$!6 $(H /6
A &Q !. f+?X $CA$ *+> .

* * * *
ƒU OX *U!XA !FA E S /1 @\ E L+F- O *+. % A $U&0X g+:+?XA $U&Q C$ AC # A *A /: 7•;5!F L&`l /> R+;6 O # /6 =.A =`e O
AC$ # A!> $C(X O % Q]2 $(H E ; 4 A *A /?i> •8+> W[+Y €+H # A!> /6 =.A =`e O % '(ªBX $(H E ; 4 A U •i[+Y €+H # O
'(ªBX E F&:* /o>+. *A = 4 js8 /;8ZF 4 CA$A U % +X OX # X † 4 F E $! .

F&:* 4 js8 4 X* C$ €(js> 7O;H(X- U O;8(: U f&:A(H +> *U!XA /> +) *+,- *A OX E >$A W[+BX /@ 4 C+) U # s 4
=.A /;8ZF . N+. C$ +D % < E > R]o:A *A m E '+) !“A =j8 *A m E !o) /6 &8 !b;@X OX *A /Ve!) U { # /VD +9 - /> +`:
# ? 4 A *A # /;8C U$ O X u(>!X 4 &8 . N+. C$ +D % $ C+“- R]o:A *A &h> # !" % A # @ • +)&Vl C+9 X* C$ E +D /@ % . E .+ 4 U
9DZX 4 $ C$ # +DC+ % > E .C «+\ /> OX *A /:+" E X C(j) /6 & 4 >+V6 mo: •@6 E !“(X m % !"@8UC C$ % A /hX+e # :A! E f+
*!X fU!> % ;Q U 4 *!X fUC$ % A # ^$!6 +1 . js8 /:+s>+;6 4 ;Bs: C$ /6 OX E +D*UC O % < E *U! % &8 LC$+jX R]o:A
WX+8 3•˜˜˜ .C+5 R+;6 4 eC+H U 4 !o) /6 $(> # • +9 S /VD 8+Q U L&:A(H AC f- E (: / # B 4 ^$(> L$!6 .

F&:* 4 CA$A % A C$ OX # (i`< !jl fA! % S />(@> < /v>AC C$ $(H E " E "@D!5 W[+BX +> ! 4 /9@e +> u+9)CA C$ €(js> 7
:+`e 4 A r@D!5 # :A! 4 =8ZF . =V.C$ 1. E . ! E C+ "@D!5 4 A # > /> •;B:A() fA! E U 7f+`e {i;sX C(b6 L+d@<*A m />
H!> 4 +DC+> +`:- *A % $T: *A $(> O?VX /6 +d:- +) U •@6 !1. 7$&h;X # hYAU +> M E = +D % "@D!5 4 l+V;eA U 4 . U E .+ 4
"@D!5 fU+hX ^+oX C$ U 7^(8 +@8- +`:- 4 D+b@D+8 C+>C$ 4 > +> E *A m # &j? - X$+6 4 ;B:A U L+"b:A$ U E (; % bDU•< 4
+D&2 +> U f+`e !.A!.C$ - X$+6 E B E $ U L+"b:A$ $+;.A U O # A fA!"bDU•< U f+.+@8C+6 !" # (> 7T6!X O # C(XA C$ L•
A r@D!5 U f&V) /> u(>!X # C+?VD U u+9)CA fA! % •;8A$ •‰@X . N+. N(~ C$ > C$ +D E *A m # V. C$ L!"@6 &j? E C+@
iX 4 > U E iiV'A O 4 A r@D!5 +> u+9)CA C$ /6 # ! :A 4 +DC(b6 C$ % $T: U CU$ # C+V8 C$ 7^$!6 =6!8 &8CATF!> f+`e M %
:A$!FC+6 /> a(2A +`:- *A 4 +< C$ OX $(H # =s; # +D!`8 C$ + % A {i;sX # &8 CATF!> fA! 7 A &@Vb:A$ +D&2 # n+@8 fA!
A /> OX g(l$ /> f+`e …!8 U R!, *A # fA! - .C!> U &:&X 4 +D % A L&:*CA % C(X $+@.A U GCA&X $C(X C$ : $ E $(H *+
A!> % '+) E C+“- { % B> +9'+, U L*+) E &:$A$ ^+d:A &@V8*CA C+ .

S /:+s>+;6 (i`< tCT> % '(ªBX /6 E C+?VD +> U $(> OX $(H +> f- LCA$A = % $T: # f+X*+. +> M # f(:+6 gC(j> (?B:(
:+`e 4 A g+h'+vX # .+@b:A! 4 ;.!<!. /> 4 o;BX E ilA • E (i`< L+8 +PC &V0X g!p0 % @> E 8 L$+`: f+ A!eA $(> L& %
.U /X+:!> E h 4 CU-$!F f- $A(X /iVe *A /6 $(> L$!6 *+,- AC % vH C+“- !‘6A&Q 4 .C+5 4 ‚6(;5 U 4 !“A CATD +D&2
vH 4 .C+5 4 $ # +D /:+s>+;6 /> ‡ih;X !" % iX 4 D+"b:A$ U 4 2(jH U 4 l C$ U 7f+`e E `) N+Q O E i6 / E «+\ C+“- /
.C+5 L&8 4 ›C+H U WHA$ C$ A # $(> fA! . 5 LC+V8 E m +D % o0) ga+oX E o 4 C+) /> u(>!X # A r@D!5 U c # *+,- *A /6 fA!
!b: C$ •D$*(: f!Y # jjs) g+ 4 .C «+\ /> R!, f+`e E +`@) /> $(> L& # 4 $(> /;5C !)A!5 CATD L$ &@\ *A .

!e C$ # VD f+ E g!5+BX O +D % n+V) U AC f- f+?XA 7+D # "@D!5 +> +`@) /: /6 •;5+ E $ /;Be!> f+ # +DC(b6 !" % `e 7f+
B> +> /?i> E C+ % js8 *A E = +D % C+) # : +X $(H fACU$ *+. c E $T: *A T # $ M # :+B6 +> U •@6 CA& 4 +D(";1F f+:- *A # 4 U$
!1: % !o) /6 •8+> /;8A$ # VD +9 E A r@D!5 /> /b # Vl ^A!;QA /> U fA! E A mo: /> =9B: f+:- ‡ # +DC(b6 C$ r@D!5 O %
X u(>!X f+8$(H 4 X U 7&8 4 A() : f+:- /iVe *A • C+8 7U!`: Wh' !DA(e *A A 7gA$+B'AC(:A 7WFU$ # &@ # &:+F A! % 7
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:AU(e 4 ?:U!F 4 XA&iF 7 E ) 7! E a O[(\ 7(; % 9Q 7 E YC(> „ E /9 # $ f+B6 *A U •@6 $+ # !" % : E : f(\ T E H +;? !D /6 {J8U!
"@D!5 &@\ 4 C+) &:$(9: # &:$(> *+. c . S L!~+H +D(";1F # js8 +> f+V E = +D # 4 "@D!5 4 U!'+X LC&:- f(\ Uw U OXUC N
AUC(X LC&:- U !:+D U (D+X /:C U % U /.+X # !:+ # \() /<*(e U +?9 4 A!> # XA!F LCA(VD • 4 =.A .

F&:* 4 > fACU$ 4 @~U 4 N+. +D % • +XAT'A A!X R]o:A *A &h> mDU•< /> +D % 2+j;HA 4 !) % X* C$ E +D /@ % 9DZX 4
=8A$AU . * # aU /he+5 /6 A! # o5 = E < U / E +D&X+ % 8+: 4 o;BX f- *A E +V +X „DZX *A # VD C$ U 7$(> /;5!F / E $(> +;.AC O
&@\ /6 # P() /iVd'A OX 7R+;6 O E i6 *A 7W[+BV'A } E @ 4 VH +) E @ 4 .C «+\ /> OX *A E & .

> C$ 7*U!XA E V;B E aU R]o:A $!"'+. O # o5 = E / 7 S /:+;.-C$ U :!Y 4 A LCATD U L*+) % +@9X!> 7L*+) % VD E U ‡>A(. O
S /VD /> RC+d) A # H 7g+h'+vX O Vl AC ^$( E • +o X f- N(ªBX 4 )+l]~A /6 •:A$ 4 i6 4 hYAU f- LC+>C$ E = [+D 4 /6
+;.AC C$ €(js> % 9DZX 4 g&X *A < +D E Y!;X f+`e C$ m 4 'U L&8 /;H+@8 4 A!> f+@JVD +`:- „'+Y % :$ E + % X].A 4 7
A /iVd'A OX # =.A L&:+X /;H+@8+: f+ViBX fA! - C a+V;QA $(> L&8 /;H+@8 †Y(X /> !FA U >]o:A LA 4 [+v.U fU!Y 4 C$
N+. +D % +< # :+ 4 > f!Y E X /;B> +X C(b6 C$ •;B E &b - ;HA C$ E A /;.+H (: WB: C+ % gC(j> &DA(s> !FA /6 ^CAZ">
iB: 4 k2 /: U ¤'+> E l!8 ! 4 k2 U E . ! E .+ 4 A L*+) *+. =8(:!. LCATD U f!Y /> +< % [+@8- /> $CAZ"> 4 +`:- +>
: E *+ % Q E )+ 4 * 7$CA$ # A A! # D O A LCAT % X LAC *A /6 4 > &.C E \ !D *A m E :+B6 LCATD T 4 f+B:A gC(j> /6 =.A [+D 4
X !?5 ¤'+> 4 f+B:A gC(j> U &@@6 +D # 4 X WVl ¤'+> 4 f+B:A C+\+: /> U &@@6 +D % k2 E f- C$ ! [+e 4 /> /J:- Te
k2 E X ‡ih) fA! 4 F E &:CA&: $! .

A C$ # [+b"DAC O 4 ƒU 7 E .+.A /1 4 (H # A qo5 AC m # B:A$ O i6 +> AC $(H f+F&@:A(H /6 ^A /; E )+ 4 U fA&@Vb:A$ /J:- *A
B> fA!"bDU•< E C+ $ X* C$ /;8ZF f!Y /. U$ C E S /@ A # hYAU O E = +D % , f+`e L&8 /;H+@8 E X].A ! 4 hYAU U E = +D %
X].A f+`e /;H+@8+: 4 X(Vl n!;.$ C$ U L$!6 !b;@X 4 •@6 +@8- &:A L$A$ CA!Y . A +) # - WB: O # A!8 C$ L&@ # 6 q +V > E m
+D WB: N$+hX % Y!;X f+`e fA(e 4 A LCATD U f!Y /> +< % $CAZ"> L*+) . A C$ # [(F*+> O 4 $CA(X C$ Te OX $(H
CU!P % ;'+H$ 4 2+H =8A$!> 7^A L$!?: 4 : AC E * ^A L$A&: /[ACA T # ;: /:(F !D A! E F /d E ! % L&8 Wo: /6 AC /J:- *A
Vj) /:(F!D *A U =.A E F • E ! % f- $C(X C$ AC • +5!2 $ Q]2 C E X R+;6 L&@:A(H $(H = 4 •:A$ .

hYAU OX !‰: *A /J:- + A =.A •`X # @\ /6 =.A O E A L&@:A(H O % D+F- *A 4 A!> ^*a % @\ E >+s;:A O 4 U 7&8+> CA$C(H!>
CA$C(H!> % A *A # D+F- O 4 : E CU!P g+l]~A +9'+, /6 $CA$ fA&> *+ % )C(2 /> ('U 7 4 i6 4 ;HA C$ 7 E L&8 /;8AZF UA C+
&8+> . g&X < +D E m Pertrarque 7 X+: zC(X U !?1;X 4 +v.U fU!Y % l C$ 7+<UCA E ?:A O E T # B E i6 G+@;bQU f( E +B
BX !D /6 =8(: /:+H+;BF E 0 4 ;YU 4 BX +hYAU E 0 4 &@6 gU+pY Œ$(H C(h8 +> U &@6 !?5 Œ$(H TkX +> /6 =.A . U
N+. C$ +D % +X $(H Oriana Fallaci (: U C+": /X+:*UC # S L&@B A n+@8!. # '+; E + # 4 R+;6 C$ 7 # f+>* *A $(H $!X M
f+X!`Y # ( : :+ 4 (H # S L$() /> R+vH m X$!X 4 A!> /6 % @8 E $!F m:+@s. f& /6 =1F &:$(> L&X- : /> O) A&s> AC +V8
[(8 TkX 4 D&: $(H E & 7 @6 !?5 f+)$(H TkX +> E sb) f+)$(H C(h8 +> U & E D&> Ÿ E & . *A # !9: $+ # :+B:A ='+2A /6 & 4
A U!F C$ x6!D # /6 =.A O ;HA „Q+2 E &:A U !?5 C+ # A &8+> Œ$(H /b # (D O # :+B:A = 4 D /> AC E 8U!1: Š E & . AC +V8
8+9: &@1.(F A&s> E & .

B> U E < C+ E A *A m # d:A C$ 7U$ !D O E :+X* +) /6 $(> L&X- W 4 k2 _CAU /6 E Y!5 =.A ! 4 X E : ^], U UA f+ E /\ !FA =B
M'+X [ACA$ /VD 4 &8+> $(H C&< .

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6T %Q "FMZ4 / 6w(Vg %Q VBC]4 T V1)4 PMhk %4 MD "T. EM4 Pk )4 VS(#Y4 J 61#* %Q J "#'T Mtk ." "7C* >1( T( F(
%Q H1( @A( )4 T( "#g WVC<8 %Q VBO ), G%S MA ".(" 61#* J 6w#†•T." L"k J H1( ) G˜‹? nu G @*#* G na T n™ .(
!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
8 ./01


4 =9N$9P x28 D* *8 G9J#* G•* “P @ D92 s_—? $(IC &=*(, W?(t\ G9J#* !A .Q . 4 ?9I) X3[(I2 7 @ T(6 .A *8 &C7*&, G9Hv2
.A*8* !A .;Y!y *8 9IN G*!VP .Q W2* E#* d9N$9P x28 W0y 7$!Q G93A &C$(A .;2*(, d9N$9P 7* D* .Q $(, G*8*(2 7 9=
P 7 R WN9Iy &=*(, 3 9= .A*8* { # =*(, { 3 7$ & # 4 –5A 7 R & @ 4 *!A *8 % N 3 ?D G$!Q 89 3 78$ 7 {H # a•U E;,92 7 {'(F/? G&
9= .A*8* K9<2* 7 {"H^ # 5) { 33 4 *!A *8 9IN G*!;,$ 7 R $(IC &=*(, E % 4 JQ !—c @ 7 4 ,9<~ @ 4 D9<, 7 % 7 WY!y &=*(,
9:C9;VQ9) 7 9= .c8g? E#!;:A 4 9:C9;VQ9) 7 a9c*8D !Jc 7R $*$ &=*(, $(, G9?$9, .A 7 .;Y!y *8 9IN G(;#D a9L9A 7 %
4 *!A .;Y!y *8 9IN G9C*(^ E#!)(t3C 7 G*g3HQ 7 G9?‡L 7 $*$ &=*(, $(, G9?$9,7 G9#*!2 .^*(, .A .;Y!y *8 9IN % 89Q
4 9= ._y !Jc 7 WN9Iy &=*(, $(, % (, 7* T‡L 9IN 7 WY!y &=*(, *8 9IN .Q $(, d9N$9P W2$ D* D7!CU8$ 7 R $(A &3=*
4 *!A % $(IC &=*(vC WA9^* *8 9IN D7!CU 8$ &C7*&, 7 $!Q &3=*(, $9#!Y &#* d&#gy !A E;J#(, . &C&3HN *8 9:H#* .I= .Q T(6 9?*
&H;0y : 4 C @ 4 =9N$9P 9? !A &#9<3? .t_A R @ &N9A . 4 ?9I) X3[(I2 7 @ .A *8 9:CU 7 &3HN *8 T(6 G9Hv2 &3C928 &C7*&, sI2 )" K9;Q
R x;J= K9A R X3[(I2 e7* k - mp .( 4 =9N$9P .A *8 $77*$ *&5A &C7*&, E3I= R .I:H#* 9A 7 @ !VP *8 7* 7 &H#g"3? !A X3[*!2*
4 [*&, Wv) W2*8 WI2 8$ 7 &C*(v3? $(, @ 4 =9N$9P WQ!A {C9¤8*7 7 G9I3_2 .A 7 R &C9JH3? {#(, @ d&HA *8 7* 7 &=&3?
(, d &#gy!A $8*>"3? 7* 893;,* 8$ *8!1!1 $9A 7 .H^* 7 G9y&C!P 7 G9y&Cg, .I= 7 &C*(v3? $ .
……………………………………………………………………………………………… ................

G*!;,$ E#* *!#D R&#7!C 9:C* •!Y !A (? “P GU D* &=&3? G9?!Y .Q &Ht3? b–L G9H‚ *8 x3_N87* G*!;,$ *&, !"#$ W6 7
, D* 8(<c T9"H= &C7!3? d*8 G9HQ dgIL 7 &H?*!v3? D9# 9A 9:C9A93 :

" 7 &C7!3? d*8 G9HQ dgIL 7 .;N*!Y* G$!y 9A 7 &H?*!v3? D9C .A 7 &C* d&N d!L $(vA x3_N87* G*!;,$ .Q W:^ E#* D*
4 ? 8$ *&1 .<C9J#9=9P8$ *8 9:'9v_, @ A (? .Q $*$ x=*(, 8(;2$ 7 $!Q x=*(, XZQ *8 G9N!2 M!Y E?R &C87U G9J#9= •!Y !
4 C9J3P 7 9:'9v_, WH#D7R &#7!C @ 7 9=!3`CD E3HZI=R $!Q x=*(, 87$ *8 G9J#9=89;2$ 7 9=&H<;2$ 7 9= d8*(N(y 7 9=&HA
4 9= .?9^ 7 9= .]_\ 7 9=!;J"C* 7R*8 G9J#9:C*$ !—c 7 9=&HA !IQ % 4 9:C9;Q 7 9= .H3[U 7 9:'9N 79=*$8 7 “30C % s6!A 7 †D9C
4 89Q7 R *8 G9J#9= % .A 7R 89CD &HA .H32 ’(c .A 7&C&H<A G9IV#8 &HA!IQ ’(c .A 7 $(N E05;? G9J)9#!—c .Q $!Q x=*(,
4 [9<#D ’(c @ 4 ";,(2 9:CU .A @ 4 _ZQ .;Y9A G*(V3y ’(c .A 7 $*$ x=*(, @ )". 4 <C ™935N* K9;Q @ R T(2 K9A R mk - pi .(

.... " 4 * () % 4 * d$!Q “`C *8 a$(, G(HQ*R x3_N87* % . HQ92 e9\ 8$ G9CD 9A 7 &C* .;,92 rJtH? *8 G9JC*8&P a8(c () G9
&C* d$!Q WA89]? ˆ3\ . 4 –5A @ 4 –5A 7 &C* d&3A*(, $(, .#9VI= GD 9A9:CU D* @ &C* d$!Q 9CD 87D .A G9J27!c 9A !"#$ .
4 C9VQ @ &C* d$!Q WIF53A *8 G9N$(, !=*(, g3C . 9:;?* .I= !œC 8$ *!) x= E? W2* 8(—H#* .Q •9\ 4 C*&A 9) xHt3? WIF53A @
4 *&, d(:# E? .Q % x;V=() ) " R T7$ 7 WV3A K9A R e936g\ K9;Q m¢ - mk . (
................................................................................................................................................

P .A &C7*&, !"#$ W67 *8$(, 7 &C* d&3[*!y $9VY .A 7* B&]? Wv;#9P7$R d!?92 7 x3_N87* .Q &Ht3? d(tN e936g\ Š!<I•3
4 8(NU .#9VI= T*(6* G9?*&A % 4 _A9A 7 @ 4 !F? 7 % 4 '7 R &C* d&HtY* @ 4 C9AD 9A *8 W#9tN E#* @ 4 ;H2 E/' 9:H) .C .Q &Ht3? ¨!—? @
4 C9I2U K9;Q €# @ 8$ *!CU .A9J? .t_A R $8*&C *8 Sex Shop 4 9= % 4 D7!?* % WY9# G*(;3? e9tN* .A g3C :

" 4 2 e92 D* T89:‚ d9? D* x`HP D78 8$ .Q &N s6*7 7 @ T* ) XA9A8$ a892* D* ( !:C G*!32* sI^ 8$ W6(CU 8$ .Q E?!A R
W0y d&N eD9C E?!A &C7*&, T‡Q 7 R &#$!y d$(Jy G9I2UR T$(A 8(A9, : 4 * % €# !;,$ GD 7$ .Q G*&A R•?$U !VP &C$(A 8$9?
&C$!JY *8 G9J#* a89tA 7 &C&3'9? *8 G9J#9:C9;VP 9`CU8$ 7R &C$!Q 9CD !F? 8$ 7$ != 7 R . T9C 7 .'(=* !;y8gA !=*(, T9C 7
4 7$ != 7R $(A .<3'(=* !;t‚(Q !=*(, % &C$(A E? GU D* 9:CU . 4 HA G9y&#gy8 s3I^ .A 7 $(IC 9CD .;Y9) 78 E?D* .'(=* 9?* @
4 "J\9Y 8(NU @ 4 "J\9Y 7R $(IC e>A *!A $(, @ 9A {3C*(^ T9#* 8$ G9J#* .Q *!#DR $!tC †!) g3C $(IH3? !F? 8$ .Q *8 $(,
4 9:C9;VP 7 &C&J3? .A*(vI= 7* % 4 89Q 9CD 7 d$!JY *8 7* a89tA % &H;,!3? 7* !A *8 $(, . .Q {C9]N9c W2&A *8 7* E? *>:'
* a8(c .Q T$(IC x3_V) &#D8(3? |Jc G9J#* !A 7* &H;JQ !3JIN .A *8 7* “P 7 &H;,92 rJtH? *8 7 .

Š!=*(, 7 '(=* 3 4 D9<]Jc 8$ .< % (, # C 7* D* { 3 $!y !) &29Y g # A 7 & 3 4 89Q9CD D* !;J % $(IC 9CD Š!=*(, . $ 7 # C 7* .Q T& 3 g
$!y “`C # !~ 7 d& # 4 7$ != | % * # G9J # 4 t @ W2* d$(A ... 4 7 $gC XA9A G*!VP 7 % 4 D9<]Jc &;VA 8$ % d&?U 8$ 9CD D* *8 7* 7
4 89Q % 4 89Q9CD .tC(‚ 7 R &H;,92 “`C $(, % !0H;? 7* D* E? G9^ W,92 rJtH? *8 $(, a8(c 7 $!Q 89tNU *8 $(, $!y # &
$(A d&N !0H;? Š!=*(, D* xC9^ .tC9H‚ . 4 89Q9CD 7* 9?* % D *8 $(, # D87 |Jc $(, G96(J5? !A 7 $(IC d$9 # G9J;N(y .Q &
* .0—C 7 G9L•* WN(y X? # $(A G9<2* .0—C G(‚ G9J ... * # ? &C7*&, .Q ("A 7* .A () €H 3 9?!0 # & : L E? 3 &z .A *8 $(, a!
"C* x=*(, () 3 9IC XIc b–L .A () 9A 9) Wv # !c*!A 7 R &H # 4 "H=!A .tCU 9) WN*>y x=*(, .H=!A 7 G9 @ 4 89Q 9CD % 7 W\9<6 7()
!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
9 ./01
4 !y .J\9Y % 4 $!Q Š(?*!Y *!? .tC(‚ R $(N !=9• () % *!? 7 2 WJP +++++++ ,*&C* $(, ! ++++++++ ; @ ) " 6g\ K9;Q 3 4 <C e9 @ K9AR
A 3 R T(2 7 WV m - hn . (

$ {vA # 4 !" % * D* # * D* *&, .?9C d(tN E # W2* !;<'9^ E :

" *!) E? 4 0_c &HC9? @ ? 8*g;JQ 8$ .Q 3 7! # 4 $!Q &N8 9) T$*$ Š87!P & % 4 '927 E2 .A 7 @ 28 3 4 & % D B(= G*!;,$ .Q # 7 WH
*8U # ? { 3 &HHt . Q 9:C9;VP xQ x # [78 W=9"C9:C !A (? 7 &C&N .;V^!A W 3 & . 8$ 7 x;N>y () 89HQ D* .Q $(A W6(CU 8$ # .Q x;Y9
D9<]Jc G9?D # 28 *!Y W 3 W2* d& . *$8 E?*$ # 78!A *8 x # JQ W 3 78 7 x;VN *8 W)89tA G(, 7 T& # A*(, W 3 W\9<6 !A 9) T&
xJtA d$!P W_Ic . 4 9= .?9^ () .A % 8 # 4 9:J0Q 7 ”C89" % 4 AU @ 4 C9;Q &HA!IQ 7 @ D 9A *!) 7 T$*$ # 4 9=8( % 7 x;2*8U d!]C 7 ‡~
*!A # T$87U EL78 7 XVc 7 G9C W . 4 '7 @ D .A () # 4 [9< @ 4 &N d!L a$(, % 4 9CD 7 % >"=8 .I= .A *8 $(, 4 $!Q .z!c G*8* % 7
4 * .C9, % 4 *!A % 89Q9CD # 9: # 4 ;,92 W @ C !A95? 8$ e9\ G9I= 8$ 7 3 4 78 9J/Y .A g % 4 $87U % CU 7R ˜278 .A .Q 9` 3 ? e(P G9 3 9) &H=&
4 $*$ e(P W69Jc .A $(, () &HA*(vA 9:CU 9A % &HHQ 9CD () 9A 9) ."
. .............................................................. ..................................................................................

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IC 3 *&, .Q $8*>" # $ G9 # L78$ !" 3 4 HA D* •]YR &H;V= E @ [*!2* 3 ? X 3 L .Q x=*(v 3 4 *&, 7* D* ! % $ # 4 !" % &HHtC {;2!P *8 . 8$
4 7 a*8() % ? $(, T(6 .A 3 (" # & ": C () 3 9 # *&, & # 9 $ G # 4 HQ d&`2 *8 !" @ R D # 4 [*&, x;V= () &C7*&, .Q E? .Q *! @ L 3 7 &HI)!
T89:‚ 7 T(2 WJP 9) 9:CU G*!VP D* *8 G*8&P d9Hy T9];C* .Q T$(V\ ) " A K9AR •7!, !02 3 R x;V n " . ( *&v, 8 9:CD # G9
$ # 4 *!A R 9IH? a$9<c *8 !" % * # .tH # L 7* T9) .Q d(: 3 4 *&, W2* 8( % L 3 4 &HI)! % W2* )" 4 2 K9AR •7!, !02 @ R T89:‚ 7 mi . (
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$ # C *8 !" 3 &H;2!˜A g . 4 $7!2 8$ % 4 2(? .Q @ A 7 &1 W<29H? .A 3 4 "'92 WV @ 4 Q&C* $(, @ A 3 (, T(6 .A K9—, {y!? D* { # {
8$ A 3 2 G9A9 3 ? 9H 3 ?R &C*(v 3 (" # & : (‚ 4 _c* T9]? G @ 4 78 8$ *8 9:?$U % ?D 3 4 ;?*!= .A 7 W,92 !J;H? E @ FC 3 $*$ *8 Š$(, b
4 HA T(6 d9"CU @ [*!2* 3 FC *8 X 3 b # 7 $(?!Y d(: # ? .c!6 K(]5 3 &N 7* Ž*! . # [*!2* d(: 3 ?D 8$ *8 X 3 7 E # G*! # *8 7* 7 RWY9
c X?R $(IC WœY9/? $(, xJ‚ €?$!? X? 4 A9] @ NU .Q 3 4 9= .ZA 7 &=$ WQ!\ *8 $(, .C9 % y 7!Y *8 $(, 3 4 9:'9A 7 $! % $(,
4 9=!P !A 7 $8*$ !A *89:CU d$!Q E:P *8 % $!<A $(, . &A *8 7* 9:H) &C7*&, 7 # 4 !<=8 89tH % = 7 $(IC 3 4 *&, ƒ % A 3 $ .C9" # 4 !" %
$(<C7* d*!I= ) " H) !02 3 4 2 K9AR . @ R T7$ 7 j - mp .
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&C* .;,*$!P .... " : 4 –5A .Q $!A e9IN l!—A $(, dD*78$ .H=$ .A *!? &C7*&, d9"CU @ G9CD 4 *!A 7 &C$(A .;VJC 9`CU 8$ %
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4 <C @ R x;J= K9AR mm - mk .( ?*g? 8$ 3 D* $7*$ ! # l!—t # 4 *&, 9:H) d(: % ;2*8 3 $ l!~ D* 7 d&N .;,9HN E # .Q W2* d&?U !"
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?8* 3 4 <C ™9 @ C 3 g # W2* d&N $9 . 8 !Q>) .A # [*!2* b=>? K9;Q 8$ G!y ”H 3 X ": N* 4 I_V? d9<; @ [U !y* W2* 3 4 2(? E @ *8 # €
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I=* •]YR &C8*$ $(^7 3 W # 7R &C8*&C *8 d(: # C d(: 3 4 z*!;c* 9:CU $(^7 .A g @ 7!I_68$ 9:CU W'9,$ 9A 9:H)R $8*&C Š$(, ‹9,
W2* r'9v? ".

4 t# @ 4 9= d&c7 G$*$ d(:# a9FvJ? !"#$ D* % 4 A @ 4 * .C*(;JP % *8 G9J#*!^* &F6 7* $(, 9# &H;V3C *!^* XA96 •(1* 9# .Q W2*
$8*&C . {C*&CD!Y G&N .H;, XA9]? 8$ .Q &=&3? e(6 x3=*!A* .A " 4 ?9I) @ W#8§ 7 &3JvA x=*(, (;A $9A•*&A* 9) *8 E3?D E#*
!) $(N d$!IN g3C () W#8§ $!IN G*(;A *8 E3?D 89<L !y* .tC9H‚R $!Q x=*(, $9#D E3?D 89<L &HC9? * )" K9AR {#*&3P !02
R x=$g32 mn ( 7 " 4 =*(, W?(t\ GU !A $9A•*&A* 9) .Q T* d&3JvA () XV# .A a*!Y 9) X3C D* *8 E3?D E#* @ $!Q )" K9A x=$gC9P
______________________________ _
! – 6M, %1MŽ F( vM]Y?( "T)1 @A( / 6YA.MxT( J I(0w(#B4 %Q H1( @A)NB_( c4 ." ) MD0•( %š( P(VSF)= ( ".(" LMS
%š( @A( Pk HAMmz %4 T ™5 %Q %Y$(" )Zd ™5 6T. H[* / VS( WV$ W"(F M›k F( c*F .
!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-0 ./01



R mj ( .Q &=&3? d&c7 M9/2* .A 7 R " 4 9:"#8 &HC9? *!) W#8§ % 8$ 89HQ 4 ?9I) 7 xC*$!y !3Q 9# @ G*&CD!Y .A *89:H3?D !2 E#*
4 9:;?* s3I^ D* 7 xJv<A () % x=$ WQ!A *8 G9:^ ) " R xJN7 WV3A K9A i ( &#("3? K(]5# .A 7 " : x=*(, a90;'* () !A 7
Y* &H=*(, 9IN !3JIN .A .I= 7 $!Q &3=*(, b695) *8 $(, G9HIN$ 7 &3C*$!y x=*(, 8789A *!) W#8§ 7 $!Q 9^ .I= E? 7 $9;
&3?*!, x=*(, 9IN {3P9J3P ) " xJN 7 WV3A K9A R G9#7• !02 o ( .Q &Ht3? f#!F) sN(# .A 7 " a*!Y !:C 9) *!/1 D*
4 9#8$ 9) 7 % 4 *89# *8 “tZ3= 7 $(A &=*(, () GU D* „8gA % 4 ?9I) 7 R $(A &=*(vC () T(6 9A W?79]? @ 9:?(6 %4 *!? W2$ E3?D
87D .Q &#$ &H=*(, W2* 87U )" e7* K9AR sN(# .03/1 .( 4 '7 @ .C R 9= d&c7 E#* .I= xL!3_c .Q W2* E#* w#89) W356*7
4 9:"#8 7 E3?D 89<L dD*&C9A x3=*!A* W#8§ % T9I) .CR &?U 8$ X3[*!2* l!F) .A a*!Y 9) X3C D* gy!= .C R &C&N 9#8$ d 89HQ
&C$9;Y*7* !3JIN .A 9= T(6 .

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&V#(H3? X3[*!2* " : 4 9= d&c7 E#* 9A d(:# &C7*&, •9I;\* .Q &3Ht3IC !tY R E? G9;27$ % .;,*&C* W2$ *8 9IN d&JC 9Y7
#&JC b\91 *8 a*!Y 9) X3C D* W6(Z3= 9IN 9:H) .C .Q*!#D ž W2* 7 X3C G9<\91 d!I5;V? G9)$(, 9=89A 79=89A .t_A R &
4 !;J3A 893VA a&?7 &#&N a*!Y % 4 96U .tCU D* % &#$(A G*!"#$ d&HA &#$(A G9)$(, . 4 9:_"H^8$ .t3;67R T7$ €#8$!Y % 4 <3_1 @
4 2(? .Q W0y &#$ €#$gC D* *8 9IN $(c(? E3?D!2 @ 4 '7R &C* d$*$ XVc 7!3N d&c7 9IN .A GU 8$ @ 4 C9C @ 4 *!A % 9:CU 9A G$8(,
4 _3, 7R W2* d$*&C @ 4 9`A !y* $(A !;:A % 4 [9I3P d*8 @ 4 ;JQ 9A *8 9IN G9A93A8$ .'92 X:‚ @ 4 * dD9^* % $(A d$!A XP9C .A . e9\ !:A
4 ;\ .Q $7!C G9)$9# @ 4 *&, % &Ht? 9Y7 G*&A 7 &=&A d&c7 &C*(;3? x= 9IN 7 9? ."
........................................ ........................................................................................................

4 * .C9:A 9) $!<3? 9—, d*8 .A *&Ic *8 {#(, E30'9v? Š$(, .Q &Ht3? l*!;c* a*!Q .A d(:# % 4 *!A % .;N*$ G9CU K*>c 7 8*DU
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4 ? e9<C&A G9#!F? @ $87U . 4 2(? .A ‘(A!? XFY 8$ d89A E#* 8$ @ W2* d&N d$*$ !;J3A f3z() !z9\ K9;Q 8$ .
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4 ;\R $89IJ3? @ 4 9=$*&#78 8$ !y* % &N9<C X3[*!2* 9A |\ r_;v? . .Q W2* d&?U !<I•3P e936g\ K9;Q 8$ " : E? !A &C7*&, T‡Q
4 D(# EA e936g\R % 4 * .Q$(?!Y d&N eD9CR % G*&C9, $gC R d$*g3?$U 4 *!A *!? T‡Q 7 7!A X3[*!2* % E? .Q *!#D R EQ G93A G9J#*
4 *!A 919F;,* *!) % 4 *!A .C 7 x;2!03? X3[*!2* % 4 9:?(6 % 4 !"#$ G9V' X3]¤ 7 G9AD ˆ?9L % &3I:Y G*(;3IC e8 G9JC9Hv2 .Q
)" 4 <C e936g\ K9;Q @ R T(2 K9A R i - k . ( 4 D*&C* W2* D* .Q !352 G9;V=(Q T$!? .A !"#$ $8(? 8$ % E3?D !2 .A G93_3[*!2*
4 !3y (_^ $(, % 4 *&, 7* .Q &=&3? T9•3P e936g\ $(, !<I•3P ._32(A &HHt3? % 4 8*&<C9^ X3[*!2* D* a8(1 !:A 7 W2* X3[*!2* %
$!Q &=*(, :
..." W0y d&N eD9C E? !A &C7*&, T‡Q 7 : () &z .A “P E#* D* E? .Q &#9?!03? d(:# &C7*&, ("A !352 G9;V=(Q .A x=*(,
4 C*&A 7 &C(N G*!#7 9) $(IC x=*(, K*!, *8 W#9=!:N 7 R $!Q x=*(, WJ=$ X/? *!) d$!Q D*8$ () !A *8 $(, W2$ 7 $(A @
x;V= d(:# E? .Q . 4 &#D87 a7*&c X3[*!2* 9A .Q *!#D % ... G(, .Q $(IC x=*(, x3_V) G(, .A *!) .Q xV6 T$(, a93\ .A
y&C78 7 &#9IC e9<C$ 9^ .I= *!) !3JIN G•(;]? .Q xHt3? (_I? G9";JQ D* *8 W#9:=(Q 7 xHt3? s—]H? () D* *8 G9y&H#U 7 G9
4 9:#$*7 .I= 7 9= d8$ 7 9= X) !A % 4 I[*$ *8 W#9= .C*!#7 7 R &H;03A () @ 4 C*&A 9) &C(JC G(tV? !"#$ W#9= !:N .Q xHt3? @ .Q
4 *&, d(:# E? % x;V= X3[*!2* ) 4 <C e936g\ @ 4 2 K9AR @ HP 7 Rx` m - q ( 7 9= W?* .I= &z !A $(, a!3L {)U .A E? .H#U != R
9:;_? %4 &C* d$*$ 8*!6 G*!"#$ a!0C $8(? *!CU 7 .;,*&C* W2$ E? E3?D!2 .A .Q x;V= g"#$ ) 4 2 K9AR 9`C9I= @ R x;J= 7 n (
_______________________________
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" 6M,M8" %[X F( / %Q "#4 @A( 7*MCd : 6()4 G @m* ^RQ @* )4 @Q ^RQ @* %4G MA(Vg / T P‡4 %[Cz @* 6_ J @* )4
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!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-- ./01

4 *!A .tH#* .A d(:# ‹9, .6‡c % !;J3A .‚ != 7* 4 C9A!6 @ 4 (A ‹(FvA 7 &HHQ % 8$ &2!A {?9J? .A .;,(2 WN(y Š(,
W2* “t5H? a*8() !2*!2 . 9A R G9#7• !02R a*8() D* X?9Q K9;Q €# po 4 C9A!6 a*8!]? .A &HA 8*g:t# D* {3A7 K9A @
4 9:;<29H? .A |3;c &:c 8$ !"#$ r_;v? $8(? &F32 8$ xQ W2$ GU !A .Y9z* 7 R W2* d&N d$*$ u3Fv) % .A r_;v?
4 C9A!6 @ W2* d&N d89N* . 4 (A G&3HN % 4 _<6 Wv2 a9I3IF) D* e7&c .A *8 *&, E#* 9=89AR K9<Q @ 4 C9A!6 s6*78$ 7 $8*&3?*7 @
4 * d(N8 {]C % &N9A d&N d$*$ 7&A .Q &Ht3? 90#* *8 . 4 ;JQ D* G9Y(~ G9#9P 8$ ¨(C .t3;67 @ 4 ? G7!3A $(, @ != D* 7 &#U
y e‡\ d&C!P 7 d&C!‚ 4 ;JQ WN( @ 4 t# @ 4 J)U 8$ *8 @ 4 ? .Q @ 4 *!A $D7!Y* % 4 C9A!6 d(:# @ 4 (A G&3HN 9A d(:# R &Ht3? % GU Š(,
4 $(A9C d89A8$ $(, E3J3P x3IF) D* % &#("3? $(, e$ 8$ 7 $(J3? G9I3JP !JA XVC " G9VC* b<2 .A *8 E3?D !"#$ E#* D*&5A
tC9H‚ xHtC †‡= *8 a9C*(3\ .I= !"#$ 89A 7 xHtC WH5' T$!Q . ) " R x;J= K9AR {#*&3P !02 p - pp ( e([9N .t3;67 7 R
4 =9)(Q 7 9:3;28$9C b<2 .# *8 7* $7*$ WI5H3'7 7 X3[*!2* d9N$9P E3;VvC @ 7&A $7*$ &Ht3? &C&:) &C7*&, b–L .A {# 9=
4 (<N(, {)U 9A *8 7* E? W2* .;v3"C* !A E? .3_c *!) d(:# !y* &#("3? % 4 C9A!6 @ 4 z*8 @ Q x=*(, $! ) R X3[(I2 e7* K9;Q
R xJN7 WV3A K9A mq .( *!/1 8$ %4 4 2(? .A d(:# 9H32 @ .Q &=&3? 8(;2$ " : 4 HA .A @ D* *!? T95~ .#&= ("A X3[*!2*
4 9:3C9A!6 % 4 *!A E3J)U 7 !—c Š(, % 4 C9A!6 T95~ GU 7R &C8793A E? @ 4 A .'9Vt# .H#!C d!A 7$ @ 4 t# b3c @ 4 !"#$7 f<1 8$ % 8$
= R &N9A !Fc 4 *!A e•D EL78 l!• sA!t# 9A ‘(_v? T!C $8U .0#* !Jc €# 9A d*!I % 4 ;V? .A9N(C 7 R d!A != @ !A .Q 87U
W<2 D78 8$ 7R $(N d&3N9P E? K*!/? ) .<HN ( 4 9`A % 4 9`A 7 d!A 7$ d!A €# % R$$!y 8(œH? $8U !Jc 7$ $8U !Jc €#
4 *(2 % 4 C9A!6 @ 4 H;,(2 @ 4 I[*$ @ 4 H;v#8 .#&= 9A @ GU ) " !02 Rx;J= 7 WV3A K9A R $*&c* m - mm . (

4 *!A *8 R G9#7• !02 K9A E3;VvC 8$ % 4 2(? .A G* a93[g^ .I= 9A $(, @ &Ht3? ¡‡A* ..." : 4 VQ “P @ 4 *!A .Q % 4 C9A!6 E? @
4 H5# x[9:A D* *!CU 9I;\ &C8*>"3? @ &C*8>"A &H02(y D* 9# 79y D* . 4 C9A!6 !y* @ A *8 $(, “P &N9A &H02(y 9# 79y D* 7* !2 !
4 C9A!6 W2(P “P 7 R&HN9˜A fA>? l*!~* !A *8 7* G(, G9H=9Q G*!VP 7 &HQ fA§ *8 7* 7 $8*>"A @ .5—6 .5—6 *!CU 7 &HHtA *8
4 C9A!6 !2 7 &HH3ZA GU !A Tg3= 7&HHQ EN7$ fA>? !A {)* .H:Q G*!VP 7 &HHQ @ 4 ?g3= !A *8 7* .3P 7 @ 4 78 !A .Q % {)U
7 R &H=$ 8*!6 &C* .;N*>y 4 9= .‚9P 7 9= d$78 % &HQ W<6*!? 7 &C*D(VA fA>? !A *8 .I= E=9Q $(, d9"CU 7 &H#(JA K* 9A *8 7*
&N9A !) (<N(, .‚ != GU !—c .Q .... 4 C9A!6 !y* 7 @ 4 9= .^(^ D* 9# 9= .;,9Y D* *!CU “P &N9A G9L!? D* % 7 R $8793A!)(<Q
(N *&^ 9) &Z3˜A *!N!2 7 $8793A fA>? $gC *!CU E=9Q 4 (_:P !A {C(, 7 &C*D(VA fA>? !A *!C* 7 $ % 7 R $(N d$!JY* fA>?
4 6!N bC9^ !A *!CU 7 d$!Q G7!3A GU a•(–Y 9A *8 {C*$ .H3‚ @ 4 9^ 8$ fA>? % {#9:'9A G93? D* *!CU “P 7 R $D*&H3A !;VQ9,
4 ?g3= !A *!CU E=9Q 7 R &HtC *&^ x= D* 7 &HQ †9‚ @ 4 C9A!6 .Q &C*D(VA W2* {)U !A .Q @ 4 H;,(2 @ !—c 7 E3J)U .#&= 7
W2* &C7*&, W:`A (<N(, ) " R e7* K9A R G9#7• !02 m - mo . (

4 (A *!=9• % 4 (A l‡vA !, K9<Q % 4 *!A &H02(y 7 79y K9<Q % 4 7 *!#D R WV3C …(<—? d(:# % WVvC .Q &=&3? 8(;2$ a*8() 8$
4 "I= X3[*!2* T9J\* G9y$*D @ C*(;3IC 9:CU G9<\91 7&C&C7*&, ‹9, *8 G9JL•* d$*D WVvC 9?* R &HHQ &#!, D9A *8 9:CU &H
&HHtJA *8 ¡*•* d!Q G$!y &#9<3? a8(1 E#* !3L 8$ 7 &H#9IC .z795? &H02(y €# 9A *!CU 9# &HHQ &#!, D9A &HC*(;3? ..." : 7
4 2(? &C7*&, @ W0y d$!Q K9—, *8 : 4 * d$*D WVvC != % 7 G9VC* D* d*(= &#9J"A *8 Š8$9? x\8 .Q E? e9? x[9:A D* d*(,
4 * d!A .A *8 ¡•* d$*D WVvC != 7 W2* &C7*&, GU D* G* .H#!C W2*() GU D* .Q x[9:A d$*D WVvC != 7 W2* % !y* 7 d&A .#&Y
4 =&C @ EtJA *8 {C$!y . d&A .#&Y E? .A WC*!VP D* *8 G9VC* d$*D WVvC != 7 .. E#* .Q &HHQ e*(‰2 () D* WC*!VP G(‚ 7
U .A WV3‚ 4 ?‡L .C9, D* !F? D* *8 9? W2*(v3? d(:# G(‚ .Q ("A 9:C @ D* *8 !F? G9y$*D WVvC s3I^ $87U G7!3A
4 *!A &H#9Jy *8 x\8 .Q *8 9= .H#!C .I= g3C E? E#*!A9HA R WJQ x[9:A 9) 9:C9VC* % xHt3? fA§ &C7*&, . D* d$*D WVvC != Et3'
x=&3? .#&Y *8 $(, G*!VP ) " 32 K9A R •7!, !02 R x=$g mm - mq 4 2 K9A R @ R T89:‚ 7 mq - p¢ " .( 4 g3‚ != % .A |_5;? .Q
4 067 != 7 R W2* B*&6* B&6 &C7*&, ‹(Fv? *!#D R $(N d$*$ .#&Y .C 7 $(N .;,7!Y .C x[9:A D* .‚ &N9A &C7*&, @ D* .Q
$(N .;JQ &#9A .;<'* $(JC d$*$ .#&Y !y* &N9A d&N r67 G9VC* ) " 7 WV3A K9A RG9#7• !02 R x;0= pj 7 pq .( !02 8$
4 2(? .A 9/#!1 •7!, @ &#("3? " : D78 W0= *8 WC*&H02(y 7 G*79y d$*D WVvC 7 R d&A E? .A *8 $(, G*!VP d$*D WVv;C
d&A E? .A g3C *8 9:CU E3I;J= D78 8$ 7 8*$ d9"C G9JC*8$9? $gC ) " R T7$ 7 WV3A K9A R •7!, !02 pq 7 h¢ . (

4 * .C(IC % ;N* D* 4 9: % # 4 *!A *8 d(: % 4 C9A!6 @ ? a*8() G9=9N$9P K9;Q 8$ 3 G*(; # WY9 " : _2 “P 3 &C7*&, 8(–\ .A G9I
C*8>y 3 & pp¢¢¢ 7 79y mp¢¢¢¢ $(A &H02(y ) " R x;J= K9A R G9=9N$9P e7* K9;Q kp 7 kh .( I= 8$ 3 d89A E 8*() 8$ # * w # T9
.Q W2* d&?U a*8() " : 2U WH—_2 x=$gC9P e92 D* T(2 d9? 8$ “P [*!2* .I= 9 3 _N87* 8$ X 3 D7!CU 8$ 7 &C&N sI^ x o¢¢
7 79y o¢¢¢ 02(y H 4 I[9HL D* & @ 4 *!A &C$(A d$87U .Q % &C$(IC fA§ &C7*&, )" 8*() T7$ K9;Q # * w # R x=$gC9N K9A R T9 m¢ - mi ( .

.......................................................................................... .....................................................................

!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-2 ./01
# gy!A T(6 D* a*!Q .A d(: # ? $(, d& 3 A .‚ != .Q &=*(v 3 4 *!A !;J % &=7* # A . 3 4 '7 R $879 @ 4 *!A % * # * 8$ .tH # &HHtC b_]) $8(? E
*&= …(C Š$(, # 4 9 % 6$ *8 {'(<6 $8(? 3 5) 9] 33 ? E 3 &Ht ..." 4 2(? .A &C7*&, 7 @ $(?!Y : 4 HA .A @ [*!2* 3 4 *!A .Q ("A X % != E?
D .‚ # *&= !)$9 # A 9 3 * 7 R &C879 # *&= W2* E # 4 [9 @ * D* .Q # 4 *!A G9J % ? E? 3 " 3 ! S :

4 9:"H2 7 R G*(L8* 7 $8(^• 7 d!]C 7 ‡~ % ]c 3 4 9:"H2 7 | % 2 s1!? 3 ©(6 W2(P 7 g, W2(P 7 †D9C G9;Q 7R &HA .H
4 *!A EL78 7 R gA xJP 7 d&N š!2 % 7$* 7 ¡*!‚ # 4 *!A . % !—5? 8(vA ) A K9A R •7!, !02 3 R x`HP 7 WV p - n ( != 7 R
4 HA D* “Q @ [*!2* 3 A§ .Q X 3 4 ;?‡2 ./ @ 4 *!A *8 $(, % P “P R &C8*g"A &C7*&, 3 A§ GU . 3 2 9A d*!I= *8 ./ 3 A GU .H 3 2 9) $879 3 .H
&= W:^ .A # C9<H^ . 3 4 C& @ C9<H^ &C7*&, 8(–\ .A 3 9Q d9"CU 7 R $(N d& P E= 3 2 7 &C*D(VA fA>? !A *8 . 3 GU 7 R &C9<H`A *!CU .H
2 3 4 *!A *8 W2*8 G*8 7 R &N9A {C*!VP 7 Š$(, GU D* .H % &= # 4 H;N*!Y* . @ 9A§ D* # 4 ;?‡2 f @ &=&A E=9Q .A $(, ) 7• !02 # G9
R x;0= K9A R pq - hh .( 4 2(? “P @ 4 9:;2$ &C7*&, 8(;2$ |<~ % Q fA§ *!C* 7 $9:C ©(6 !2 !A *8 $(, 4 8&6 7 $! % {C(, D*
4 9P WFN !A 7 7* W2*8 W2$ WFN !A 7 G789= W2*8 Š(y .?!C !A .;Y!y *8 % '9? 7* W2*8 3 ]A 7 R & 3 l*!~* !A *8 G(, .
N9P fA>? 3 P 7 R & 3 P .I= 7 .<?$ 7 . 3 02 7 W2*8 ™9J\* !A .Q *8 . 3 4 & % P 7 !"^ 3 G*8 &<2 D* 7 WY!y *8 W2*8 G*8 7 9:CU .
—Y 3 *&, 8(–\ .A .Q ! $(A &C7 # —Y ‹!6 € 3 7 ! # 4 HL78 G9C ‹!6 € @ 7 # P !A *8 9:CU 7 WY!y †D9C € 3 W2*8 G*8 !A 7 .
4 *!A *8 9:CU .I= 7 $9:C % &= # C9<H^ . 3 C9<H`A &C7*&, 8(–/A G& 3 2 “P 7 & 3 Fv) ©(6 .H 3 4 2(? .F\ .Q *8 u @ 4 *!A $(A %
&= # C9<H^ . 3 4 C& @ C9<H^ 3 4 2(? .tC9H‚ & @ $(A d$(?!Y !?* *8 ) " • !02 7 # R x;J= K9A R G9 ph - pq . (
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4 *!A % * # [*!2* != .tH 3 4 _ @ 4 9= .;0y .Q $(N .^(;? K(, % 4 *&, % 4 &^ 7* % *$!A d!0~ 7 W2* C 8 3 A 7 d9y R EV 3 d9" # b6*(c d(:
4 —v) @ ?*!Y D* 3 gy!A T(6 .A *8 $(, E # d& # 4 87U$9 % ? 3 &Ht :

" 4 (HJC *!? !y* % I^ 7 3 *!Y 7 !?*7* s # ? () .A .Q *!? ˆ 3 9?!0 # C 9`A x 3 4 879 % 4 =*(, G(5_? *!/1 8$ 7 !:N 8$ d9"CUR @ &N
I, l!• 7 3 ? 7 ! 3 ?D d( 3 4 9= .ZA 7 () E % 4 9= d!A779y % a* ._y C 3 7 K9:;'* 7 b) 7 X2 7 9A7 () !A 7R &N &H=*(, G(5_? g
JIN 7 a8*!\ 3 7 T(I2 $9A 7 ! # 4 •9A () €_Y 7R $9;2!Y x=*(, G96! % ?D 7 &N &=*(, “? a!2 3 D 8$ E # 9P ! # 7R E=U W
2*(A .A *!) 7R&HQ †‡=*!) 7 $(N eD9C G9I2U 8* 9) Wv<?U x=*(, 89<L 7 $!y 9A *8 G*89A 3 9, 7 K!^ 7 ! $ .A 7 Š8 # 4 "C*( @
A9C 7 3 4 [9H @ !P 7 # 4 C9J @ W,92 x=*(,‡;<? e$ . 4 CD @ 4 HQ $g?9C .Q *8 @ $ # 4 !" % A*(, &=*(, 7*9A 3 $(N .;JQ a!œC 8$ a79y7R &
$ 7 # P WL•* 7R &C8(vA *8 {;N(y G*!" 3 4 78 { % *8 a !2 M!Y 9) 9P rQ D* 7 9= M92 7 9=(C*D 7R$(N d$!A a89L .A ()
D* .Q &A X?$ .A 4 C*(;C 90N GU @ # $!Q x=*(, 89;Y!y WY9 . VA xv) 3 4 =*(, .c8g? .A 89 @ 7 R $8(, &=*(, *!CU w_? 9?* $!A
4 =*(, B7!c 9:C9;VQ9) @ 4 =*(vC *!CU K*!N 9?* $!Q @ N(C 3 D & # $!Q &=*(, K*!, *8 a8("C* T!Q *! . !L # 4 < @ ? 8$ .Q 3 () G9
4 =*(,7* T$ () 7 &N &=*(, !2 () !A W2* @ $(A ) !02 H) 3 A K9AR . 3 R x;J= 7 WV mn - ii ( () !A *8 *!/1 Š(\7 7 R
4 A *!) 9) $9;2!Y x=*(, @ 9P 89:‚ 7 &CD92 $•7* # 9= d*8 7 &HHQ †‡= *8 WC9 # 7 W # 8$ *8 $(, G9C GD d$ 7 R $(N G*! # 8(H) €
=*(, *8 $(, G*!VP WN(y 7 R &Cg˜A 3 =*(, *8 $(, G*!;,$ WN(y 7 $8(, & 3 4 9= .N• R $8(, & % IN 4 9:N• !A *8 9 % WA
x=*(, G9;2!P &HtY* ) 7• !02 # A K9AR G9 3 R xJN 7 WV mi - hp ( * D* R # *&, !?*7* .Q W:`H # 4 $*&C Š(y *8 W % * D* 7 # T9C E
:? 3 b # 4 H5 @ T9C # 2!;C d(: 3 4 & % " H) !02 3 A K9A R . 3 x;J= 7 WV .(

" # 9<1 d(: # a(
m
? 3 9?!0 # _N87* .Q & 3 4 *87Ÿ? .A *8 x % *(, e&A .'9•N ;HVY* *8 {?$!? †*8(, 7 $!Q x= 3 7 $*$ x=*(, 8*!6 E
C9N(C x=*(, 9:CU .A w_) KU 3 4 9:N• 7 & % y!2 X? G9?$!? 3 \ E 3 4 VQ 7 $9;Y* &=*(, *!/1 !A a9C*( @ *8 9:CU .Q $(A &=*(vC
$8*$ !A . * D* $8*$ x:Y .Q != # ? *!? .Q &HQ !vY E 3 .Q &29HJ # 4 *&,R d(: % R x;V= l9FC* 7 WI\8 4 '7 @ * # 4 ?9 @ 4 ? @ U # .Q &
4 [9:CU .I= 7 $!Q x=*(, WA(]c x= 9A *8 9= d&JC .H;, 7 9= d&N .H;, @ C *8 3 4 9= .N(y .Q g % (? # ? *8 G9J 3 d*!I= &HN*!;
* # $*$ x=*(, K*>c G9J )" ?8* K9;Q 3 Rx:C K9AR ™9 mm - pk .(

" 4 *&, a(#9<1 d(:# % &#9?!03? X3[*!2* : 4 [‡A G9H‚ x3_N87* T$!? !2 !A €H#* @ $(HJA *!CU .Q “Q != Š(y .Q $87U x=*(,
&HQ *&1 . $8(, &=*(, *8 $(, .#9VI= WN(y “Q != 7 R&C*8(, x=*(, G9J#* .A *8 G9JC*!;,$ WN(y 7 G*!VP WN(y "
) 4 <C ™93?8* K9;Q @ R x=$D(C K9AR q .(


___________________________________
! - ( A %Q %R[Q @ 5u5 .#‰ %4 I(.#D ." .M4 I A 6m J bM<_( F( A Pk F( W#N A 6B&* H1( WV$ "M J 6(Vg / #¤†B' T žB'
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!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-3 ./01

" 4 A(;t? 7 @ * D* # _ 3 4 9 % 4 <C @ ) '* 3 B9 ( .A # [*!2* d9N$9P T*8(: 3 28 X 3 .Q & # 4 *&, d(: % ? $7*$ a8&P 3 9?!0 # G9HQ92 .tC(‚ &
_N87* 3 4 $(IC *(L* *8 x % C9CD 7 WC*!VP &C7*&, 9C9I=R &C(N 9CD bt)!? .Q 4 ?9I) 7 W @ 4 ‡A .A *8 W'*(?* % œc 3 &=*(, ‡;<? x
4 9J\* 8$ 7 R W,92 % A G9H‚ () $(, 3 4 89I % 9= d$78 .Q $!Q &=*(, ’89c # A &5]? D* W 3 U G7! # &H . I:A &C7*&,7 3 )!) E 3 b
T9J\*87!IA 7 $!Q XIc # A D78 != T*8(: 3 A Š&5]? D* &;J 3 4 9= $8$ 9A 9) &?U G7! % $!? Wv2 . 4 *!A {?(6 7 % 4 7 % !—c # a9
&C&C*D(VC ) " 8*() T7$ K9;Q # * w # A K9A R T9 3 7 WV # R xt mp - p¢ .(

4 *!A % It) 3 * X # 4 9^ 8$R W2!:Y E % $ # I= !" 3 [(I2 K9;Q E 3 .Q W2* d&?U X " : "H2 $7&N* X=* !A &C7*&, W2$ 7 3 7 &N E
2*(A .A *89:CU .I= 3 9= d$78 9) W,92 ‡;<? ! # A 9=&5]? D* G9J 3 2(P 7 &?U G7! 3 & ) " Q [(I2 e7* K9; 3 R x`HP K9AR X k .(

4 ;67 @ $ # _2 &<5? E=9Q !" 3 _N87* 8$ G9I 3 4 _1* .vVC x @ 4 )*8() @ 4 2(? $(, •2() .Q *8 @ W2* d&N .;N(C ) &H‚ e(~ 8$ 7
¦ &C* .;N*&C !<, GU $(^7 D* G9H=9Q $(, G!6 ( P l$9F) bV\ !A 3 ? *& 3 * 7 &Ht # •2() x:? rJQ E # …‡~* .A .H=9Q €
&C7*&, # (: ? d 3 &2! . 4 '7 @ {HQ*7 # * d(: # [*!2* G9H=9Q 7 d9N$9P .A .Q W2* E 3 P X 3 4 [9=‡A T9I) .Q &=$ T9• @ * 8$ .Q *8 # K9;Q E
D R $9;2!Y &=*(, 9:CU !A W2* d&N .;N(C # 4 *!A .Q *! % 4 9=*&, % $ # !" 4 *!A7 &C* d&C*D(2 8(vA % &C* d&C*D(VC 7* " : 8$ 7
WH—_2 x=&`= e92 # N( 3 _N87* 8$ 9 3 Rx ]_\ 3 4 9 % 4 2(? W2&A .Q *8 &C7*&, a*8() K9;Q E=9Q @ 4 ;67 8$ $(A d&N .;N(C @ .Q
A &C7*&, .C9,D* *8 9= d!]C 3 ? G7! 3 P &C!< 3 7&C*(, 7* 8(–/A 7 $!A d9N$9P $gC *8 K9;tC9Y9N 7 $*$ G9Y9N .A *!CU7 $!Q *&
]_\ d9N$9P 3 4 9 % $ E) &H‚ 7 E=9Q # ;:6() EA T(_N GD .H=9Q d&_, $gC *8 !" * .A .H=9Q d&_, 7 $9;2!Y 8*&29<' d!V\ EA . # G9J
W0y # 4 *&, d(: % [*!2* 3 ? X 3 9?!0 # 4 VQ .A & @ [("A W2* d$9;2!Y E? $gC *8 9IN .Q 3 * & # 4 [‡A €H @ .Q $87U x=*(, 9IN !2 !A
N9A d$!tC x= *8 Š8(F) 3 4 [9= WH5' .I=7 R & @ *8 * 8$ .Q # R $9;2!Y x=*(, 9IN !A W2* K(;t? K9;Q E .tC(‚ 4 *!A % *&, # G9
$ # &C*D(2 8(vA !" # 4 *!A 7 & % ? +++ VC E +++ C*D( +++ & # ++ & ) " 8*() T7$ K9;Q # * w # 4 2 K9AR T9 @ R x`HP 7 mi - pn .(

* a*D*(? .A # &:) E # R 9=& # *g? d(: # 4 9 % A 3 ] 3 C *8 $(, D* ‘!N 7 & 3 gy !A T(6 .A g # d& # ?87U $9 3 $(J :

" !y* # 4 *&, d(: % 4 [9IC a$9<c *8 $(, @ KU 7 G9CR A 7 $*$ x=*(, WQ!A *!) 3 4 89I % ? D* *8 3 ?D 8$7R $!Q x=*(,87$ () G9 3 WH
9=D78 d89IN7$(A &=*(vC *D9C 7 d&HHQ •]2 # P *8 $(, l(, 7 $!Q x=*(, T9I) *8 W 3 4 78 { % I^ 7 $9;2!Y x=*(, () 3 s
P *8 WC9HIN$ 3 P 9=8(<CD 7R W,92 x=*(, G*$!y78 () { 3 4 78 { % C95HQ 9) $9;2!Y x=*(,() 3 G9 ;\ 7 3 &HC*!A a8(–\ D* *8 G9
* 7R # .A *8 G9J 8&) # P D* } 3 4 78 { % Q 9) &C*8 x=*(, () 3 4 (N ! % ?D 7 3 4 $!y l!F;? *8 E % !/A 9) Tg_6 !/A D* *!) $7&\ 7R
—V_Y 3 ?D GU G9HQ92 7 x=$ 8*!6 a*!Y !:C 9) *!/1 D* 7 E 3 R T89˜VA () W2&A *89:H pn - hm .(
............................... .................................................................................................................
$ D* # u[9F, !" # * d(: # !^ 8$ .Q W2* E # 4 9:C9 % X;6 .A ‘(A!? r_;v? # !Y 9 # 4 89t< % 7 # X)96 bC9^ 9)$9c D79`) 9 # !Y 9 # 89t<
? *8 3 " 3 Q *8 “tCU l!~ .C 7 $! 4 C9A!6 . @ W2* d&N D79`) .

4 ;67 @ A96 .Q 3 A9= Š8$*!A R *(\ 7 T$U !VPR X 3 &A *8 X # '$ E 3 &= .Q X # .A 7* . # A d(: 3 &= D*!;J # A96 . 3 8*!6 &C7*&, &HVP $8(? X
? W2* .;Y!y 3 R &Jt # IC W2*(, D9A 7* D* 9:H) .C d(: 3 &:) .t_A &Ht # ? & 3 “Q != .Q &Ht A96 3 9];C* $8(? 89A W0=&JtA *8 X T
W6!y &=*(, 8*!6 7* ) P !02 3 *& # R T89:‚ K9AR { mn .( 4 56(? @ =*!A* !VI=R *892 .Q x= 3 ? Š!=(N D* R x 3 &CD!Y .Q &=*(v
A .C9, D* 7* 8$9? 9A *8 $(,&N8* 3 HQ !VP 9) &HQ G7! 3 !N g # R &N9<C M9/2* 7* $(, !VP € # ? *8 *892 bC9^ d(: 3 " 3 $! ": 7
4 D78 % N D* *8 M9/2* .Q 3 H;N*$ D9A ! =*!A* & 3 z x 3 4 ;Y9 @ 4 !F? !^9= !VP *892 7R $!Q % $ *8 # ? d&H, .Q & 3 &Ht . .A “P
=*!A* 3 * W0y x # HQ E 3 A Š!VP 9A *8 g 3 DR EQ G7! # HQ !VP .Q *! 3 !N M9/2* E? !VP 9Ag # $(A &=*(vC Ž8* € . * # =*!A* .A E 3 x
4 '7R &?U Wv2 @ =*!A* .A &C7*&, 3 * Ev2 W2* .;0y() .A *892 .ZCU != .Q W0y x (HJA *87 ... =*!A* G*$*&?9A 7 3 G9C W29, !A x
4 tJ? @ .;Y!y KU D* A .C9, D* Š!VP 9A *8 7* 7 WN*>y !^9= Š7$ !A *89:CU 3 $!Q G7! . c9I2* 9A !^9= “P 3 A 8$ X 3 G9A9
D *8 !VP &N T9I) €J? KU G(‚ 7R&N G*$!y!2 s<N!A # 4 * .)(A ! % ) WY9V? .A 7 WN*>y 3 4 A9)!P ! @ 4 7 XA9]?8$ .;Y8 % WVJC
D # <C *8 !VP „!? W0y *! 3 !"A 7 $!Q &H_A *8 $(, D*7U 7 R xH # WV )" P !02 3 *& # A K9AR { 3 7 WV # R xt j - mk .( 4 ?9"H= @ .Q x=
# !Y 9AR M9/2* !;t‚(Q &CD!Y RK(]5 # 4 89t< % P WQ!A 3 4 !<I• % ? Š8$*!A D* *8 3 " 3 ? 8$ WJ\7 9A M9/2*7 $! 33 .Q &A9 # K(]5
2* d$!Q bFL *8 Š8$*!A |\ .C*87g? R W # !Y bC9^ G9HZI= d(: # ? *8 89t< 3 " 3 !Y bC9^ .C 7 $! # *8 d$8(, b ) P !02 3 *& # {
A K9AR 3 R x;J= 7 WV h 7 i .( * # W2* d&N 8*!t) a*8() 8$ 9=89A XIc d(/C E .
.............................................................................................................. ..................................

;VvC 3 4 =9N$9P E @ .Q # [*!2* !A d(: 3 ? X 3 bC9^ D* .Q W2* e([9N $89I" # 4 $(A9C 8(?Ÿ? d(: % —V_Y T(6 X?9Q 3 4 H @ '9Ic 3 |
? 3 4 '7R $(J @ *&5A G(‚ # ? 8$ d(: 33 4 7 .Q &A9 % 4 69A *89:CU &H02(y 7 79y &H‚ @ 4 7 K9F;C* D* W2* .;N*>y % JP 3 ? G9I 3 7 $(J 7*
!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-4 ./01
? *8 {C*!VP .I= 7 3 &Jt ": [(I27 3 W0y e([9N .A X : [*!2* 7* T(6 !A .Q x=$ WQ!A () !A 9) W2* d$9;2!Y *!? &C7*&, 3 X
4 (N d9N$9P % . ? .Q (HJA *8 &C7*&, T‡Q G•* “P 3 9?!0 # [*!2* G&?U !A 8$ G(‚ & 3 '9Ic T(6 !F? D* X 3 W?79]? d*8 8$ 7* 9A |
'9Ic 7 7!A “P $!Q 3 WVtN *8 | I^ 7 d$*$ 3 9? s # * €_I # * !A 7 D92 $(A9C Xt'9A *8 G9J # GD 7 $!? .t_A 9?!0? W]0N G9J
N †$(Q7 X0~7 3 79y 7 d8*(, ! {tA *8 G9JL•* 7 !;N 7 &H02(y 7 . <_~ *8 T(6 e([9N “P 3 * D* 7 & # 7$ G9J # 8*g= WV
P 3 D* $!? 8*g= d$ 7 d$9 # $ G92 d(: # '9Ic d9N$9P •9^* 7 $*$ WVtN *8 .]'9Ic 7& 3 4 ?9I) 7 WY!y d&CD *8 | @ *8 .]'9Ic |_,
JIN T$ .A 3 W,92 †‡= Xt'9A ! . $!tC †‡= *8 9= d!A 7 G*79y 7 G*&H02(y 9?* .... [(I2 !A&C7*&, T‡Q 7 3 W0y d&N eD9C X
: * # JP €H 3 DR x;,92 d9N$9P *8 e([9N .Q T&N G9I # C 9`A *!? T‡Q *! 3 79 W2* d$8 .... [(I2 7 3 WY8 e([9N$gC d&N †9HIJ, X
W0y 7 ?9"H= 3 &C7*&, .t [*!2* !A 9) $!Q fV? *!) 3 4 (N d9N$9P X % t_?8$ .Q *8 .‚ != 7 .]'9Ic .Q W0"C () .A !"? 3 W
U 7 žD92 †‡= Xt'9A W29:CU # C &C7*&, G9?!Y Wc9~* 9 3 W2* !) (t # P D* E;Y!y Š(y 9 3 7*&, T‡Q .tC(‚7 ž9= ©(6 . *8 &C
4 $!Q †!) % C 7* 3 $(IC $8 WH—_2 D* *!) g . [(I2 7 3 X '9Ic d9N$9P •9^* 3 <_~ $(A .;N*$ d9"C d&CD e([9N .Q *8 | 3 .A 7 d&
&N $(HJ, 7* 89Q D* &C7*&, 7R $!Q d89P d89P $(, W2&A e9`_^ 8$ &C7*&, 8(–\ . 4 '7 @ JP 3 !A *8 e([9N .Q $(A d&N G9I
[*!2* 3 $(A .;,92 d9N$9P X )" [(I2 e7* K9;Q 3 RX Rx=$gC9P K9A m - hn " .( 7 WJtA *8 {C*!VP .I= 7 e([9N &C7*&, 7
4 9=&V^ % D *8 9:CU # , b<2 .A e([9N 7R &C$!Q EY$ ‘(_A W,8$ ! 3 4 ;C9 @ D87 *&, .A .Q # '9Ic G*79y 7 G*&H02(y 7 d& 3 *8 |
$(A .;N*&C d9"C *!CU .Q &C7*&, T‡Q W:`A $!? $(A .;JtC ) " 8*() # * w # T9 Re7* K9;QR R x=$ K9A mp . (

..." [*!2* T(6 G(‚ 7 3 *&, .A7 &H;,*$!P 9CD .A KU (? T(6 G*!;,$ 9A X # * G9 # [*!2*!A &C7*&, b–LR &C$!Q d&`2 G9J 3 X
4 2(? .A 7 &N .;,7!Y* @ 4 ?9I) W0y @ 4 9278 % * .;Y!y *8 T(6 # P *8 G9J 3 JC 7!Y E? b–L a&N {tA 8*$ .A K9;YU { 3 &H . 7
4 2(? @ $ .A [*!2* G*87* 3 != .Q W0y X # 4 78 X5A .A .Q *8 $(, G9VQ 9IN D* € % &JtA &C* d$87U ... * 7 # 4 $!? €H % [*!2* D* 3 X
4 CD @ &? T(6 D* *8 # Y G(‚ 7R WN*$ d*!I= G9 3 * E=9Q G789= EA8*D95'* EA B9/H # $ *8 E # C & 3 xtN .A *!CU 7 WY!y W2&A dg
4 7$!= % * # 4 HA D* 9A7 W6(C9I= 7 $!A 7!Y G9J @ [*!2* 3 &N l!~ !A X . b–L .A ‡<6 .tCU 7 # &C$(A d$!? 9A7 D* d(: A 3 7 WV
&C$(A !0C 89:‚ . 4 2(? .A &C7*&, 7 @ W0y : * # Y €H 3 4 HAD* *!? b–L G789= EA8*D95'* EA B9/H @ [*!2* 3 C*$!y!A X 3 £c9A 7 &
4 HA .Q &N @ [*!2* 3 L 8$ *8 X 3 TD9VC †‡= $(, a! . 4 *!A .Q ("A *>:' % 4 *!A 7 7* % § 8 # * 7* D* &5A {; # 4 C*$79^ WC9:Q &:c E @
DR$(A &=*(, # 4 *!A D* .Q *! % 4 *&, % L$(, 3 &N 8( )" A K9AR $*&c* !02 3 R T89:‚7 WV m - mh .(
......................................................................................................................................... .......

*9A # IF) €H 3 ? 9)&c96 &C7*&, a9I 3 9< # *!A9HA 7 d&N K9V\ & # •) E 33 >P9C ! # R &HN9A ! # 4 89Q T9`C* D* a*!Q .A d(: % d$*8* G*&A .Q
JP W2* d$!Q 3 ? G9I 3 •) 7 $(J 33 ? W:^ ! 3 &=& . 4 78 W:`C*&A ¨(C G9Y(~ % ? 3 !YU D* &C7*&, .Q &=& # JP !JA …(C {H 3 G9I
;C8$ 7 W2* d&N 3 4 [‡A .` @ 4 ? $(^7 .A*8 @ GU 8$ .Q $87U ]A 3 4 )*$(^(? . @ C 3 4 7 .Q g % !YU # ?$U 9A d*!I= W2* d& 3 †‡= G9
? 3 4 '7 R&C(J @ I= 3 4 Q&C* *&, E @ HN 9A &5A 3 4 (A G& % \ K9<Q 3 4 )9C*( @ 4 C9A!6 ¨(C .Q @ ? 3 ? e7&c $(, !œC D* &Ht 3 IF) 7 &Ht 3 .A x
4 y&CD .?*$* @ \ 7 !JA 3 ? a9C*( 3 " 3 $! ) P !02 3 *& # N K9AR { R xJ n - o R x;J= K9A 7 p¢ - pp .(

P $7*$ 3 4 89IN !2 .A d9N$9P 7 !<I• % [*!2* T(6 3 ? T*&6* X 3 ;C 7 R &Ht 3 ? .` 3 " 3 7$ 78*g=8*g= G9y&N d$!IN d&c .Q $! # WV
) # ? € 3 _ 3 7$7 G( # 8*g= WV ( JIN $!? 3 [*!2* D* GD ! 3 D* 8*g= 89:‚ 7 $9;0= 7 X # ' R &H;V= *$(: 3 7• Et # HA G9 3 ?9 3 H 3 G9
*8$ # E IC 8(œH? x68 3 DR &C(J # $8*$ d7!t? *8 G9CU $7*$ .Q *! . * # *&,!œC .A !?* E 4 ? &HVP9C @ U # & R D # .A “t5A 7* .Q *!
7• # &AR W2* &HI6‡c G9 # 4 ('9, W:^ E % ? 7* $gC *8 $7*$ 3 4 7 .Q &;2!0 % K9v;C*8$ 7* bC9^ D* *8 # 4 t @ a*D9`? …(C .2 D*
v? 3 &HQ ! : # 4 —/6 Š8(JQ 8$ e92 .2 9 @ $(N R # $(N .;JQ {C9HIN$ W2&A &5A d9? .2 9) 9 # [*!2* !A 9A7 D78 .2 9 3 eD9C X
4 ?9I) &C7*&, .;N!Y 7 $(N @ [*!2* $7&\ 3 7 *8 X # ? K9v;C* *8 T(2 |N $7*$ 7R &HQ G*! 3 &Ht . ;C 8$ 3 [*!2* !A 9A7 *&, .` 3 X
? 3 ? r_) *8 8*g= $9;0= .Q &;2!0 3 &Ht . JIN 9A *8 $(, .;N!Y &5A 7 3 .C*78 ! ? 3 ]A 9) &Ht 3 _N87* T$!? . 3 4 '7R &HQ †‡= *8 x @
JP G9:y9C 3 ? G9I 3 ? D9A $(, $gC *8 .;N!Y 7$(J 3 4 A &C*(v @ 4 _1* 89t=9Hy .tCU @ # 4 H5 @ * 8$ $7*$ # ? E 3 2U G9 3 4 < @ $ # &N9A d&
) 8*() K9;Q # * w # A K9AR T9 3 7 WV # R xt n - mn .(

6g\ 3 4 9 % P 3 A !<I• 3 ? „!? .A l!J? 789I 3 7R $(J # 5N* d(: 3 A ™9 4 <C ‹(?U E @ ? 7* $gC *8 3 4 7 .A .Q &;2!0 % ("A # &C7*&, &
? 3 9?!0 # <A *8 $(, †8*&) & 3 D E # I= .A .Q *! 3 4 $7D E % ? 3 I 3 ! S . 6g\ 3 4 78 9 % 4 (VA *8 $(, % $ # ? 8*( 3 ?8*D 8*D 7 &Ht 3 !" # 7R &
5N* !A &C7*&, T‡Q 3 ? eD9C 9 3 P .A .Q $(J 3 4 *(J % 6g\ E? T(6 3 C G$!? .A !z9\ .Q •9\ ("A 9 3 4 ;V @ !y 7 # 4 $!Q . % e92 d$gC9P
4 9=D78 !A % ? a!Ic 3 *gY9 # x . 4 1!6 G(HQ*7 @ `C* D* *8 3 "A ! 3 A 90N9) 8*>"A a $(, X?$!A 7 ! 3 4 A9 @ ) K9AR G9=9N$9P T7$ K9;Q
A 3 R x;V m - j .(

# [*!2* d9N$9P K9,* EA T*8(: 3 '* D* X 3 P sJ 3 ? W2*(,8$ !<I• 3 4 *!A .Q &Ht % P 3 4 D7! % $ &C7*&, 8(–\ .A ”H^ 8$ 7* R &HQ 9c
'* 7 3 ?79A sJ 3 (" # .A .Q & \ 3 a9 # * .Q d(: # * 7* 8(–\ .A €H # T*!;\* !y* .Q xV6 T* d$9;V # d9N$9P ‘9Y9N(: # d9"C *8 *$(:
!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-5 ./01
IC 3 4 (2 .A x;N*& % IC !œC () 3 4 *!A G•* 9?*R T$!t % 4 A!—? E? @ A 3 4 ? K!—? G(‚ 7R 879 @ U # ?D92 7 & 3 4 ? {N(, *&, &Cg @ U # 7 &
'* .A 3 P sJ 3 $ $(, !<I• ? 8(;2 3 .A .Q &=& # (: ("A T*8 # ? &C7*&, & 3 9?!0 # *8$ & # E 4 $*7 % D9VA 9= M&H, # &HC*(;C G9HIN$ 9) &
P 3 4 ;Y!J @ &HHQ ) R T(2 K9AR G9=9N$9P T7$ K9;Q mh - mo .( [*!2* d9N$9P K9,* 3 4 *(L* .A X % * Š!VI= # l‡, !A *87* .Q XA*g
W2*(, # G9;VQ9) l!F) .A d(: ?*7 3 ? !A *8 &C7*&, xJ,$8*& 3 9 "C 3 7 $g # '* •2() d(: 3 4 <C B9 @ P 7* .A 3 ? T9• 3 *8 7* .Q &=&
_Q 7 W,92 &=*(, †‡= Xt'9A 3 G9"2 .Q $*$ &=*(, 8(;2$ 7 WJQ &=*(, B(</? d*(, 7 $*DU d*(, *8 7* G*&C9, G*$!? .
_A *8 7* $(, G(, 3 * 7 &HV # C *8 Š!VI= XA*g 3 g 89F\ # c8g 3 * .Q K9,U 7R &C8(vA X # ? *8 E 3 (, .?9^ $(HJ ? †9‚ *8 $ 3 7&Cg
? !A 8$ B‡P 3 ? dD78 7 &Ht 3 " 3 ?D!A 7 $! 3 ? E 3 &A*(v . * 8$ # '* !A &C7*&, T‡Q e9\ E 3 ? eD9C B9 3 $ .Q $(J # 4 & % K9,* .C("‚
2!) E? D* 3 * D* “P ž&N sz*(;? 7 & # $ W2* d&N sz*(;? E? 8(–\ 8$ .Q W:`H # 4 [‡A !" @ 4 IC Š!2 !A @ *8$ 9?*R T87U # T9
!A *8 ‡A Š!VP WH—_2 $!Q x=*(, ’89c 7* ) A K9AR G9=9N$9P e7* K9;Q 3 7 WV # R xt pm - pq .(

" $!y 8*(;2* T95<\8 WH—_2 G(‚ 7 # 4 ?9I) 9A 7* & @ [*!2* 3 !N X # &C7*&, W5 # 7R &C$!Q †!) *8 d(: # N d(: 3 !F? d9N$9P |J
_N87* .A *8 3 9A $87U !A x mp¢¢ 7 .A*8* k¢¢¢¢ 4 ]_, 7 8*(2 @ A 3 !F? D* 89IJ # A(' 7 G9 3 7 G9 t2 3 J<\ 7 G9 3 .A 7R G9
5IN 3 4 9 % 4 <C @ 7 T95<\8 .A 7* bC9^ D* .Q W0y G*87!2 # ("A d(: # N W2&A *89IN E? .Q & 3 $!Q x=*(, †‡= |J . d9"CU
[*!2* G*8*$!2 7 T95<\8 3 5IN .A &C7*&, 7R &C$(IC sz*() X 3 * &C* d$(IC sz*() .tC(‚ W0y9 # 4 '7 $!Q x=*(vC †‡= *8 G9J @
N d&HA 3 !Q x=*(, |J 4 y&HA 8&6 9) $ @ &HC*&A *!? )" 8*() T7$ K9;Q # * w # Rx=$D*7$ K9AR T9 m - j .(
..............................................................................................................................................

$ W67 # {]C 8$ *&, !" # B(29^ € # c‡~* 8(?Ÿ? 9 4 )9 @ ? XIc 3 &Ht :

" * G9?D GU 8$ # !VP 9H # A d9N$9P T95A! 3 7 R &N 89I # W0y $(, GD .A T95A! ": ,!A 3 &<) *8 $(, a8(1 7 g # &H29HJC 9) 9IC X
GD () .Q # 4 ;V= T95A! @ R ,* $gC .A7 3 4 9 % 4 <C @ 4 *!A 77!A % &CD!Y !A .ZCU D* *!) 9) !<A XVc dD(Q 7 .‚(_Q 7 G9C ‹!6 d$ 7*
4 78 9? % , &=$ !<, $*$ &=*( . GD “P # H‚ T95A! 3 N .A e&<? a8(1 9A .;29,!A 7 $!Q E 3 ,* .C9, .A 7 WY8 d(_ 3 28 9 3 ,*7 & 3 9
IC 3 <A *8 7* WVC*(; 3 D R &H # P D* 7* G9IJ‚ *! 3 4 ! % $(A d&N 89) . 4 '7 @ * .Q W0y 7* Š(y8$ .C9?!/? &C7*&, # GD €H # 4 ? T95A! @
U # A .Q Š!VP d89A 8$ 9) & 3 D* W2* 89I 4 ";,92 W‰= .A 7 $(N X,*$ G(‚ 7 &2!˜A () @ 4 29HJC *8 7* () .Q $(A &=*(, @ . “P
A G(‚ 3 9 # H‚7&A & 3 4 ("A G9H‚ 7 E % . ,* G(‚ 7 3 4 *&1 9 % 4 9=9P % ,* GD 3 ? X,*$ 8$ .A .Q*8 9 3 HN &J 3 4 * W0y & % GD # X,*$ T95A!
•) *8 $(, W‰= *!‚R (N 33 4 * d$*$ ! % &C7*&, bC9^ D* G(HQ*ž # .A d(: # A! *&, D* G(‚ .Q ("A T95 # L G9 3 4 78 E? ! % 4 &C*$!"C %
* D* # = .A *!? b–L d*8 E 3 4 $87U G9` % C E? 3 * g # G*&C9, .I=!A €H # ? ‡A T95A! 3 4 ?9I) 7 x;2!0 @ 4 ? 87$ *89:CU @ &CD*&C* . 7
? 3 9?!0 # D* .Q != .Q x # T95A! IA !:N 8$ 3 IA *!/1 8$ .Q != 7 &C8(vA *8 7* G9"2 $! 3 *8 7* *(= G9L!? $! a!VP 7R &C8(vA
28 $!`? .A 3 9=9P G& # $!? &=*(, .C9, .A W . GD “P # 28 $!`? .A 7R &N .C*78 .;29,!A T95A! 3 $!? Š!VP .C9, .A G& ".
) R x=$89:‚ K9AR G9=9N$9P e7* K9;Q m - mo .(
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4 Q‡? @ 4 <C @ ? .Q T* .;VA &:c 9IN 9A E? .Q W2* d&?U&C7*&, e(6 D* 3 \ M9 3 4 89";28 7 a9 % 9IN * d!:A 7R W2* # ? E 3 M9
C *8 T$(, D* B!) 3 4 *!A R T* d$*$ g % * # 2!;A E?D* .tH 3 (N G92*!= E? T9C XA9]? 8$ 7 & # & ) R T89:‚ K9A p . ( G(Y .;0y .A
$*8 4 *!AR B&]? K9;Q l7!5? B9HN 89Q % # 9P d(: # 7&A |Jc .C W2* 7* D* B!) a*$9<c .I= . # !JA .A |Jc 9 # 7 W # 9
C d*8 8$ {N(Q 3 A X 4 (]) 7 e9IQ . % . !;:A # E # 4 $(: % 4 VQ GU 7* !œC D* @ A 7* D* .Q W2* 3 R &2!;A !;J $gC 7 # !) € # E
4 <=>? G*&:;`? @ 4 [9:CU 7&A @ D .‚ != *8 7* WA9:? .Q &H;V= # :0) G9H?(? .A !) $9 3 &HN9A d$!Q x . $(,R •7!, !02 8$ # d(:
9t\ # ? W 3 .Q &Ht " T(6 d9"CU ) # $(: ( 2!) *&, D* 3 .A 7 &C& 4 2(? 7* d&HA @ * # &C$87U G9I " 4 $7!2 7R % G9=$8$ $(, 89v;Y* .A *8
4 2(? @ 4 HA7 @ [*!2* 3 ? X 3 &HA 8$ .Q $8*>" # W2* d&?U GU x=$D9 " : Q 3 4 * () &HC9? WV % # ? 8$ R d(: 3 *&, G9 # () dD*&C* .A .QR G9
ž &N9A .;N*$ WA9:? () G92 .A 7 &N9A †9H2!) ." R B&]? K9;Q l895I'* d![* 8$ # 4 t @ !)!<;5? D* # E !JC # 4 )*8() a9 @ D* R
4 * d&N $(]0? T(œH?!¤* % T9HA " 4 9:"H^ % # d(: " ? d$!A T9C 3 A$* 7g^ .Q $(J 3 4 )*8() a9 @ GU 8$ 7 d$(A # 4 *&, K9]'* 9A d(: %
:? 3 —V_Y d&HHQ $8(,R EtN G(c!YR b 3 H 3 ?7$* 7 G9 3 AU(? 7 G9 3 C95HQ 7 G9 3 W2* d&N uvJ? G9 . 4 Q‡? K9;Q 8$ @ 4 <C @ .Q ‡<6
P •2() &C7*&, R WY8 GU !Q§ 3 T(6 .A $(, !<I• # "IJ, $(: 3 ? ”C9A .C9H 3 .Q &Cg " 4 96U D* T‡L 7 $(,8&P D* !VP % $(,
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! - S Pk)?." C %Q H1( WV*k ‡ " d C 6SMNBd ." 7R… J %4 A 6m J 6][r* "#g PMSF F( J 6_T Hlx (. J ( PF Pk A %4 (. +[r* @
6ZQ J " A d %4 VST(Vg TG "(" “Kj( )† C H1( W")Q „M= ()D )1 PF PK= %Q "(" 7g 7R… . d C ")Q W-gM&* PF Pk F( 7R…
1)d +¤&D M4 T( TG C 6ZQ %O %Q V J ( A d¥ Hlx #D %4 (. @ C 6(Vg "#*)= 7R… / 7g @* %4 MS(" "(" )" )¦ • G n (
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-6 ./01
&2!;3? . x;V= 8&P E? !y* xC*&3IC E? &3Ht3? e93, ž W2* .;Y8 9`Q E? W<3= x;V= 96U !y* 7 ž W2* d&N .‚ E? D* B!)
4 C9A!6 G*(Hc .A 9IN .Q @ 4 * .H#!C &H02(y .tCU 9A 7R &#8*>"3? E? fA>? !A “`C G9C % 4 A(35? d!A &#8*$ $(, ._y 8$ @ 4 *!A *8 %
xN9<3? x3œc d9N$9P E? .Q &3C*&3IC !"? ž &#!<3? !2 E? ž W2* b3:? x2* 9= W?* G93? 8$ E? x2* 7 ) " 4 Q‡? @ 4 <C @ K9AR
R e7* k .( 4 89I3A d&c7 a*8() a‡I^ E#!,U % 4 *!A {)U 7 „!? 7 9A7 7 % 4 C9VQ @ B*!= .A d(:# T9C G&3HN D* .Q W2*
4 C9#9P &HA 7 R&H;03C @ .Q W2* E#* |3;c &:c ": 4 93_#* E? €H#* % 4 <C @ c D78 G&328 *!Y D* X<6 *8 9IN $gC &C7*&, b3:? 7 x3œ
xCgA WH5' *8 E3?D 7 x#93A $(, WA9:? 9A E? .Q *$9<? R &C*$!y !A *8 G*!VP 7 G*8&P e$ 9) $9;2!Y x=*(, ) " 4 Q‡? @ 4 <C @ K9AR
R T89:‚ n 7 k .(

4 $8*(? 8$ % R a*8() 8$ &H‚ # 4 J]C d(: @ L G9H‚ 3 4 6‡,* ! @ * # ? 90 3 4 6(]\ l!c8$ 9:H) .C .Q &Ht @ (Hc .A 4 8*$!A d‡Q G* % 4 ?!^ @
]5) XA96 3 4 *(;/? 9A .t_A R W2* b % 4 9:C9?!Y % C 7* $(, l7!5? .C9y d$ 3 9<? g # .Q $8*$ WH " 4 $D$ % 4 =*(vC @ $!Q ." 4 ?9"H= @ .Q
4 2(? .A !F? 8$ @ ? !<, 3 I= .A .Q &=& 3 4 $7D E % 4 9= d$*(C9, &N8* G*&CD!Y .I= % 4 !F? &N8* % 7 WJQ &=*(, $(, W2&A *8
GU D* &5A •7!, dD9^* .Q WN*>y &=*(, G(c!Y e$ 8$ # $(: # 4 [9IH=*8 .A R&=&A $(, 8(JQ D* *8 G9 @ ? 3 * D* X<6 .Q &Ht # E
*!^9? # $(: # 9VI= D* G9 # 4 !F? G9" % $(, "A WC9?* .A d!]C 7 ‡~ a•U 7 l7!• &HC*(;A 8&6 != 3 d*!I= *8 9:CU *&5A 9) &C!
&C!<A $(, . c 3 * 8$ a*8() .;N(C E # H‚ d89A E 3 E W2* ... " : 9VI= D* $!?!= .Q ("A $(, T(6 Š(y .A G(HQ* # != 7 $(, .
9VI=D* GD # &H=*(vA ‡~ a•U 7 d!]C a•U $(, . ) K9AR •7!, !02 # R x=$D9 p ( 4 HA 7 R @ [*!2* 3 4 2(? 8(;2$ .A X @ d$!Q XIc
!F? D* # &A &H;2*(, 9:;,8 7 ‡~ a•U 7 d!]C a•U G9 # 7 R &C$*$ G9J # $(: # !F? G9 # 9 &C$!Q a89L e9IQ .A *8 G )" 9`C9I=
R x=$D*7$ K9AR hn 7 hk .(

”H^ $8(? 8$ # $(: # AU(? 9A |\ GU 8$ .Q KU(? 7 G(Ic T(6 7$ 9A G9 3 R W2* G9 # IQ 9A $(: 3 4 8*>y E % _Q 3 * T$!? . # T(67$ E
? †‡= *8 3 GU e9<C&A 7 &Ht # $(: # ? …‡~* G9 3 N* 7 .V<'* 7 e*(?* D78 .2 9) .Q &=& 3 9 !y ™ 4 9:<C* % 8$ 7 &HHQ a89L *8 9:CU
&HC*(vA †89<;? *8 7* T89:‚ D78 :

..." d9"CU 7 # [*!2* d9N$9P ‘9Y9N (: 3 ? 8$ X 3 Wc9I^ G9 # P &C7*&, .C9,8$ *$(: 3 &^ E/1 { # 9A & # W0y 7 $9;V : 4 * % # 4 * R d(: %
4 *&, % C *&, G9I2U 8$ () !"?R 9? G*8&P 3 4 ;V @ C a7!<^ a(6 () W2$ 8$ !"? 7 3 U žWV # 4 *&, () 9 % C 9? 3 4 ;V @ _Q .Q 3 .Ht2 .
* # ?D E 3 A 9`CU D* *8 E 3 4 *!A *!CU 9) &C*8 G7! % 8§ .A $9A•*&A* # (, W27$ W # =*!A* { 3 4 HA G(HQ* “P ž &=&A x @ 4 HA 7 G(Ic @
4 * d$*$ 9? l!F) .A *!CU .Q () €_? D* *89? 9) &C* d&?U KU(? % A 3 &HHQ G7! . 4 * % 4 *&, % U R 9? # *!A () 9 # xt\ G9J 4 =*(vC @ $!Q
!A &C7*&, ¨78 d9"CU ž # [g/ 3 !QD EA* X # 9HA EA*9 # EA*9 # ‰5 3 H;? EA* X 3 4 9 % 4 7• % ?8$ 3 4 * W0y 7* 7 R $!Q e(_\ Wc9I^ G9 % 4 ?9I) @
# 4 *7 *$(: % # y Š(yR d9N$9P ‘9N(: 3 ! # ? 9IN .A &C7*&, .Q & 3 (" # * D* & # œc d7!y E 3 N9<? G92*!= x 3 D & # GU D* ”H^ .Q *!
C 9IN 3 D* .t_A WV 4 *&, .Q W2* E? GU % [*!2* 3 x;V= X . * $gC .A *$!Y # [U $7!Y G9J 3 4 '7 & @ [9IHC ”H^ 3 9A .t_A & # ;V 3 .ZCU 7 &
4 *!A 9IN &C7*&, *8 % [9IC d&=9J? $!Q &=*(, 9IN a9`C 3 4 HA &z .A &C7*&, 7 R & @ 4 HA 7 G(Ic @ IQ KU(? 3 * 7 WN*>y E # *8 G9J
[*!2* G(‚ 7 W,92 †‡= 3 _ 3 $ .A G9 # A d9"C9A& 3 9 28 G9A 3 $ &C& # * .Q &C& # ?D !A 9= .N• €H 3 4 &\* 7 d$9;Y* E % 4 [9=8 @ C 3 $(A .;Y9 .
d9"CU 7 # ‘9Y9N d(: T(6 .I= 9A d9N$9P ) [*!2* 3 X ( HL E;Y!y W:`A 3 ‚ 7 .V<'* 7 e*(?* 8&]CU 7 &C&?U WI 3 4 9=g % 4 *!A 9:<C*!y %
? a89L e(•J? D78 .2 9) 7R &C!<A &H;VC*(;C .Q &H;N*$!A $(, 3 &C$(< 4 $*7 8$ T89:‚ D78 “PR % 9`CU8$ 7 &C&N sI^ .Q!A
&C&C*(, †89<;? *8 &C7*&, ) " 8*() # * w # A K9AR T7$ K9;QR T9 3 R x;V n - pk .(
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4 !=9• XtN ._‰V? % # 4 9=9I5? D* $(: % D R W2* B&]? K9;Q # 4 7 $(, .tCU 9A *! % 2 d(Q 8$ 3 4 2(? .A 9H @ ? 3 (" # = .Q & 3 “tZ
IC 3 <A *!? &C*(; 3 I=8$R &C9IA d&CD 7 &H 3 4 $&5;? $8*(?8$ B&]? K9;Q E % P 3 $ 7 7* G*!<I• # 4 7 G*!" % *&, a8(1 8$ *8 # .A 9
4 [9:)8(1 @ 4 ? B9HN9C @ A 3 C 7 &HH IC 9:H) . 3 I 3 * G9N$(, .t_A R &C! # $ E # F0) .A *89=8*& 3 9t\ a*8() 8$ X # ? W 3 &HHt :
$ 8$ # 4 2(? 8*& @ 9A # 2 d(Q8$ d(: 3 4 2(? R 9H @ ? W2*(,8$ 7* D* 3 .Q &Ht " &=$ G9JC7* .A *8 $(, agc " 4 '7R @ 7&A &C7*&,
? 3 (" # & ": IC () 3 4 C*(; @ <A *!? a8(1 3 4 H @ DR # = *! 3 4 ?$U ƒ @ 4 IC @ *!? &C*() <A 3 &C9IA d&CD 7 &H )" 4 2 K9AR•7!, !02 @ R T(27
mj - p¢ .( * 9A # ? a*8() .I:H 3 *gY9 # 4 2(? .A .Q & @ JCR 7*!A*!A D* &C7*&, E;N>Q D* &5A .Q d&N d$*$ G9t?* 3 <A *8 {=9"HI 3 &H
) R 9`C9I= mq - ph .( _c 3 * .I= xL! # I=8$ 9:H 3 E d&?U •7!, !02 W2* 4 2(? 9A7!A78 D* &C7*&, .Q @ ? Ev2 3 W0" " X?
4 FvN @ ("A Ev2 $(, W27$ 9A .Q # & ." P 3 C GU D* { 3 9t\ .A g # P 9A *&, a*8() W 3 =*!A* Š!<I• 3 $(A d$8(, *>L x ) !02
P 3 *& # = K9A R { 3 R x=&` m - j ( 9A 7 R # 4 ;JQ K(]5 @ $(A .;Y!y ) P !02 3 *& # { 4 2 K9A R @ R T7$ 7 hm ( 4 2(? e9<C$ .A 7 R @ 7$ # d&
&JtA *87* 9) $(A ) A R •7!, !02 R T89:‚ K9 pi .( [(I2 T7$ K9;Q8$ 3 6$ r17 X 3 4 ] @ D* # .Q W2* d&?U$7*$ G9AD D* d(:
GU b^(A # ?gA 9=!A* D*!Y D* d(: 3 4 ? 7!Y E @ U # '9\ 8$ R & 3 A D* .t 3 4 H @ ?!A $7$ 7* 3 v 3 A {)U {C9=$ D* 7 $g 3 ? G7! 3 D* 7 &:`
?D {;A9:? 3 ? E 3 $D!_ : " ?D d9"CU 3 $!y eg'g;? E # 9P 7 & # = . +++++ 4 9 % U 4 C9I2 @ A +++ D!_ # A D* 7R &C& 3 H +++ @ 7 % $7$ $g3v3? !A D* 7
$!y .;,7!Y* GU D* 9=!",* 7 &?U 8$ G*D(2 {)U 7* G9=$ # d$!Q x, *89:C9I2U 7*7& 89) 7 R $(?!Y e7gC # 4 t @ _L 3 D Π# !
!"#$ %&'() *&++++,
-7 ./01
9P # 9: # R $(A { ... 4 y&HJ,8$ D* @ 9=!",* 7* %4 C9:^ M!A 7 &N .;,7!Y* {)U 3 &N d& . 8$ M9Ic* “P # !=9• 9 9P 7 &N # 4 9= . % sA8
$!y rJtH? G(tV? # 4 _c* D* &C7*&, 7 & @ _c 333 WY!y *!? d$9;2*!Y E )" [(I2 T7$ K9;Q 3 A K9AR X 3 R T7$ 7 WV j - mo .(
6g\ 3 4 <C e9 @ C 3 &C7*&, $(, K9;Q 8$ g # 4 ? xJ‚ .A *8 d(: @ A 3 4 "C87* !A .Q &H @ <N 3 . # W2* .;VJC a(69 . R " 4 •9A 7 % €_Y
4 ;v) W=9<N @ X? # a(69 $ $(<Q # 4 )8(1 Wv) GU !A 7 T& @ g_Y d!œH? &HC9? •9A l!~ .A 7* !IQ D* 7R G9VC* a8(1 &HC9?
$ G9A9) # 4 9= ._5N {C78&C* 7 Š$!y*$!y !A 7 T& % 9IC &HC9? {)U # ¨g6 7 B(6 { .Q x;VC*$7R &N9A !A*8$ G*89A D78 8$ .Q
e‡^ !œH? # $ *!CU G(‚ 7 W2* d(: # 4 78 .A T& % 7 T$9;Y* 8$ $(, 4 [*&1 d9"CU @ HN *8 3 W0y E? .A .Q T& : 4 * % 4 ?$U !VP @ !A
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!= # != 7 R WN*$ e9A {N 9:CU D* € # 4 t @ $ 9:CU D* # 4 !" % ? d$D *&1 *8 3 B7&6 B7&6 W0" # 9<1 d(: # e‡^ D* (_I? a(
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# 9<1 d(: # N$9P a( $ *8 d9 # 2* d& W ) " 5N* K9;Q 3 4 <C™9 @ R xJN K9AR m - n .( # d9N$9P ‘9Y9N(: # P .tCU9A R *$(: 3 C !<I• 3 .A R WV
[*!2* d9N$9P K9,U 3 9t\ X # ? W 3 .Q &Ht # 4 2!Q!A *8 d(: @ $ Š$(, # 4 7 .Q W2* d$(A GU &=9N 7 d& % 4 VQ @ 9) W2* d$9;2!Y *8
!Y *8 K9,U # ._I\ $95_^ .A .Q $8*$*7 *8 7* 7 &=$ b $8(vA WVtN 9`CU 8$ 9) &HQ ": 7 # 4 ;28&A W0y K9,U .A ‘9Y9N d(: @ .Q
4 2!Q !A *8 &C7*&, @ $ .;VJC Š$(, # 4 ?9I) 7 T& @ * 7* ¥‚ 7 W2*8 l!—A G9I2U !tJ' # Q W0y &C7*&, 7 &C$(A d$9;V 3 .Q WV
!Y *8 K9,* 7 $7!A # A 7 d&?U!A $95_^ a(?*8 .A9) &=&A b 3 _P ¨78 7ž &;0 3 & ) N 3 G9— ( \ .A * E? W0y &C7*&, 8(– # *8 89tH
? 3 I^ G9=$8$ 7 xHt 3 <C* s 3 9 # { $(A x=*(, K§9Q ¨78 . H‚ 7 7!A $(?!Y *&, “P 3 EtA E . &C7*&, G•* .Q Š9A 8*&J= “P
4 \78 @ I^ G78$ 8$ *8 K§9Q 3 * s # <C* E 3 4 9 % W2* .;N*>y () )" R x=$D*7$ K9A R G9=9N$9P e7* K9;Q mq - ph 8*() T7$ K9;QR # w
* # K9AR T9 R x=&`= mj - pp .( 5N* 3 4 <C ™9 @ !F) # ? f 3 .Q &Ht # :1 d(Q 8$ d(: 3 W2* EQ92 G( ) 5N* K9;Q 3 R x;J= K9AR™9 mj .(
6g\ 3 4 <C e9 @ # _N87*&<5? X,*$ 8$ 9FvN *8 d(: 3 4 ? x @ A 3 ? !<, 7&A .Q &H 3 , .Q &=& 3 4 *!A $8*$ e9 % I= 3 gy WC(t2 9`CU8$ .J # &H
" : 4 * dD*78$ d*8 D* &C7*&, e‡^ “P % 78 .Q # .;N*$!A *!? 7R &?U8$ &<5? .A $(A M!J? WI2 .A { 4 C78&C* E/1 .A @ d$87U
4 [*&1 7 @ HN *8 3 ? D* .Q T& 3 ? x_t) E? 9A .C9, G9 3 HN 7 R $!t 3 4 $!? .Q T& % 4 (_:P .Q % * E? # 4 * W0y $(A d$9;V % 4 ?$U !VP @ *R # E
4 [*&, Wv) W2* @ 9P rQ G9t? 7 E? # 9: # , .Q x 3 ?8$ GU8$ T8*$ e9 3 4 HA G9 @ !2* [* 3 T(N EQ92 &A* .A 9) X )" 6g\ K9;Q 3 4 <C e9 @
R T(27 X:‚ K9AR i - o .( !QD 7 # 9 %4 4 <C @ ? &C7*&, G9AD D* 3 .Q $(HJ " :1 .A G(HQ* 3 * D* &5A 7 T* d$(IC W5^*!? G( # E
?8$ 3 _N87* G9 3 &N x=*(, EQ92 x )" !QD K9;Q # R x;J= K9AR 9 h .(

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? 3 9?!0 # C TD• .Q & 3 4 * .C9, () WV % 4 *!A % 4 HQ9HA E? WC(t2 @ DR # 4 D78 D* *! % .Q 4 HA @ [*!2* 3 A *8 X 3 8$ D7!?* 9) T* d$87U G7!
4 * .C9, % , D* .t_AR T* d&JC EQ92 3 4 * .I % , .A 3 4 * .I % 4 HtV? D* 7 @ 4 HtV? .A @ U 7R T* .;Y8 # *8$ 9 # 4 &\* .A a&? E % D*
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* 9A # _2 .I:H 3 JC9^R G9I 3 *R $7*$ E # 4 _Ic T9`C*!2 *8 89Q E @ ? 3 4 A D* *8 &C7*&, 7 $D9V @ 4 C9?92 7!2 @ A 3 4 ? G7! @ $87U ....":
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* 7 T$(IC # G9t? E 4 *!A *8 % gy!A $(, WA9¤ WC(t2 # T& . 9= w_? .Q xHQ !?* !y* 7$89<C G*89A 9) T&H<A *8 G9I2U !y* G(HQ* 7
?D X19\ 3 ?8$ 9A7 !y* 7 &C8(vA *8 E 3 * 9A 7 x;2!0A $(, T(6 G9 # * .I= $(^7 9A d$!Q 9c$ 7&C(N sz*(;? E? T(6 .I:H # 9:H
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JIN T$ 3 4 VQ 7 WJQ ! @ 4 69A*8 @ ,• .A GU D* &5A 7 R WN*>"C 3 &C7*&, 7 $!Q ”H^ GU 9A d$D 7$8* {_A9]? .A 7 WN>y {
,• 3 [*!2* W2&A *8 { 3 vV) T7$ D78 8$ .Q $!˜2 X 3 7 $(IC! # 4 C9VQ .I= sN( @ A GU 8$ .Q *8 JIN T&A &C$( 3 WJQ ! . d9"CU
4 *!A8D9^ €_? T*8(= % ,• WC9c* 3 7 &?U { # &/AR WVtN*87* sN( # 4 VQ .t @ 4 *!A *8 % 4 69A 7* @ G(`_c .A “P 7R WN*>"C
JIN T&A .;Y!y *!CU D78 G9I= 8$ 7 WN>y 3 4 C9VQ .I= 7 $D ! @ 8$ &C$(A GU 8$ .Q # ,• 9A .tC9H‚ $!Q †‡= D78 € 3 d$!Q {
$(A . \ .A “P 7 4 § != 7 $!Q ”H^ GU 9A d&?U !A G7!< % .tC9H‚R $!Q †‡= *8 “0C # 4 *&, d(: % [*!2* 3 $(A d$(?!Y !?* X . 7
# * sN( # ?D 7 †(_? E 3 4 9:H % * # D WY!y *8 G9J # .Q *! # 4 *&, d(: % [*!2* 3 4 *!A X % [*!2* 3 ? ”H^ X 3 $!t ".

" 4 !:N 7 % 4 HA 9A .Q $(<C @ [*!2* 3 DR &N9A d$!Q f_1 X # *&, bC9^ D* *! * e$ .Q $(A &C7 # [*!2* ._A9]? .A 9) &HQ Wv2 *8 G9J 3 X
U8$ # * 7* 7 &H # *!A 7 $D92 †‡= Xt'*9A *8 G9J # * .t_A R $(JC WI\8 G9J # 4 2(? .A &C7*&, .tC9H‚R $D92 $(A9C *8 G9J @ !?*
$(A d$(?!Y )" /1 3 .0 # 4 9= K9AR sN( % A 9) e7* 3 7 WV # xt .(

* .'9<C$8$ # 4 9= K9A8$R 9:H % A 3 7 WV A 9) T7$ 3 I= T89:‚ 7 WV 3 /1 E 3 .0 # R sN( ok $ !:N # ? d$!A T9C !" 3 .Q &C(J # 9t # €
I:A 9:CU 3 )!) E 3 8(;2&ARb # ];V? a89œC 9A 7 d(: 3 4 =&C9?!Y .A d9y7 7* x @ ? d&C*D(2 7 a89L 7 T9c X;6 7 l!F) 7* 3 &C(J .

* # 4 *!A 8&]CU 9:?9c 7 X;6 E % &C7*&, # 4 *!A 7 d(: % gy!A T(6 # * x:? 7* d& 4 ;\ .Q W2 @ # 89<t # N8(, Š$!y sN( 3 G9I2U8$ *8 &
? r6(;? 3 A W1!Y 9) &Ht 3 4 !;J % 4 *!A % ]5) 3 b " 8(?* # G9 " &N9A .;N*$ 9:CU .I= E;JQ7 ...": d9"CU # 4 D788$ sN( % &C7*&, .Q
8(?U # P *8 G9 3 4 HA { @ [*!2* 3 _V) X 3 9A G(5<^ !A .Q W0y K9;YU .A R $!Q x # C d9? .A 7R &;V 3 4 $*7 !A .Q W0y g % * # 9A G(_ # &;V
* K9;Y9P “PR # !6 7 $9;V # 4 ?9I) .A b @ `5) E;Y87!Y8$ D78 3 C d9? 7R $!tC X 3 ]A T(6 9) $(IC r6() g 3 8(?U . # $(A9C *8 G9
&C$!Q )" /1 3 .0 # Rx=$ K9AR sN( mp 7 mh ( .
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* |]/? # '9; 3 4 [9 @ 4 '89y @ 4 *(;/? % /1 3 .0 # 4 29<;6* *8 a*8() sN( @ 4 9= .?(œH?D* % 4 29I\ @ 4 8(NU % ? 3 & P ¨!N .A .Q &C* 3 4 D7! %
4 9= % C(, 3 ‹9F;,* GU G9=9N$9P E # 4 * .C(IC 7 R W2* .;Y9 % 4 29HN G9;29A dD(?8$ G(HQ* x= *8 9:CU D* @ '!A 3 ? E 3 $ G*(; # & :
" .A # 4 89 % * # *&,R8(NU 7 89;J # 4 *(;Y .A 7R „8gA G9 % !tJ' 9AR B&]? G9H=9Q # 4 * .A*8* 7 G9 % 4 "H^ @ 7 x;N>y 9=(Q D* T$(,
Q bC9`A 3 x;Y8 (A9H . GU xt/V? .5_6 7 !:N .A # ) T$ D* *8 .5_6 G95Y*&? .I=R T$!Q l!F) 9`CU 7 T$87U Š8( 3 7 T&C*8>y ª
2* 8*g= .2 3 4 ;\ 7 T&C*D(2 {)U 8$ d&CD d&CD *8 ! @ # 4 69A *8 G9CU D* E) € @ 4 C9y7!y 89Q .A 9) x;N*>"C @ $78 . EIN$ 8*$!2
.A *8 {;2(P 7 T&HQ W2(P T$(, W2&A *$ $ # 7U !:N 8*( # x;v . 4 A(vA .Q x;Y8 ‡) !:N bC9^ .A d9"CU @ 7 $(A d&N xt/;V?
WN*$ 789A .2 . G*&A .]c91 G(‚ # T$(Jy *!CU T9`C*!2 7 T$!A Š8( . 4 =9˜2 8*g= .2 @ ) T$ D* !:N dD*78$ G9I= 8$ *8 3 ª
VA “˜2R T&C*8>y 3 4 89 % $ # T&C*D(2 {)U 8$ *8 !" . 4 *!2* % 4 C*7*!Y @ C 3 Q x;Y!y g 4 * d89P9:CU D* . % !A W2$ *8 # 4 * d89P 7 T& %
$ # A 7 Š(y *8 !" 3 4 H @ VA G9IJ‚ 7R 3 4 89 % T$87U8$ *89:CU D* . 4 9:C&A D* % 9=!2 7 x;,92 9= .;JP G9";JQ # 4 9:Q9) .A *8 G9J %
A 3 7U !:N G7! # 4 9= ._5N 8$ d&CD *8 G*!;,$ 7 G9C*(^ 7 x;v % x;,*&C* {)U . 4 89Q % 4 *&, .Q T$!Q % 8(NUR „8gA 4 *&, 7R %
* „8gA # 4 z*8 E?D*R 89;J @ &C&N " ) –C8(NU .;N(H"H2 3 X5A! Assurnazirpal P x:C G!68$ 8(NU d9N$9P 3 ? D* { 3 $‡ .(
* xt/A # 89) .tH # ? 8*!t) w 3 4 9:'928$ $(J % 4 C9:^ ”H^ @ C T7$ 3 4 N‡) g @ 4 :A9J? @ bC9^ D* " !)!A W_? " $ # 4 !" % |—H? 9A
" 4 9–Y % \ 3 4 )9 @ " ? .Q WY!y a8(1 3 _ 3 C( 278 7 G9;V:' 8$ !0C 9: 3 $ 8$ 7 . # ?D!2 !" 3 4 9:H % 4 9P78* % 4 6!N @ 4 C9A!6 @ $87U 89A
* 9:;H?R # 4 * .?9C dD9^* G9Jt?$U 89A E % D* # ¦ &C$(A d&JC x= .H;,R &H;N*&C W2$ 8$ d(:

____________________________________
! - ( A I(.#D %Y$#S @ A 6m J *#m± ewE" F( C _Mx H C %RQM± ." %[ \M1 ." T( iT)&* !a!a F H$(" .()? A ITMª? ()
[Q C ( %4 "MBY1( M4 MZ A %mB A $.#g Š$# C *F %S T"#4 %Y$(" FM4 HQ)z F( (. V c YSG (. C x %¤ 60 / y)= %Q VS")Q C %
_Mx C 6B]* %[ J *F HQ)z )4 c ()4 MB4 T vV<* bMYQ iKg )4 A H1( ejM4 @ .
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2- ./01
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C 3 4 I @ D* " &^ &:c # & " 4 56*7 d&H=$ G9?D92 7 @ [U 3 V? E 3 / 3 FvN 7$R W2* W 3 4 ; @ r'9v? # &t # $8*$ !" . .Q {vA GU 8$
4 9:;N*$!A d&HHQ “t5H? % 4 !tY % 4 <=>? 7 @ 4 89";28 W2* B('([9P % e7* .^8$8$ G9VC* != * .^8$7!y8$ # * 7R W2*7* G9I # E
4 _1* @ QŸ) $8(? 8$ .Q W2* 3 _Q & 3 4 )8(18$R W2* .;Y!y 8*!6 9V @ $ {vA GU 8$ .Q # 4 !" % c $(, a*!œC d&HHQ “t5H? .Q 3 4 V @
4 ;\ W2* @ V? 3 4 / @ c .A7 G$(A 3 4 V @ * # C E;N*$ G9I 3 4 *!A g % 4 292* ‘!N G&N 89";28 @ * .t_ARd&JC .;,9HN # 9Y!1 ‘!N E
$ .A W</? # !" W2* d&N .;,9HN 9:CU E;N*$ W27$ 7 G* . &H‚ # `C* 8$ 89A E 3 c e(6 D*9:_ 3 4 V @ W</? 9A .Q!= .Q W2* d&N X]C
4 y&CD @ W2* EQ92 7*8$ *&, 7 W2* EQ92 *&, 8$ &HQ . 4 VQ !y* .Q W2* d&?U D9A @ 4 '&Q9P 9A *8 *&, a(t_? @ >˜C G9Q$(Q # $!
= 3 &=*(vC d*8 G*&A W6(Z # WY9 ) 4 ;? @ x=$D(C K9AR R mh - mn R x=$ K9AR “6!? mn : = K9AR 96(' 3 R x=&` mk 7 mo ( 4 '7 R @
{vA8$ " # 4 $(: % " &^ &:c # .—A*8 d(/C d89A 8$ & # V? € 3 4 / @ = 9A 7 W?(t\ 9A E?(? 3 .Q W2* d&?U .IQ9\ W‰
": *7!C9?!YD* # 4 ?*!;\* 7 ‹(_, G9H‚ 9A $(, G9 @ HQ Wc9~* 3 V? D* .Q & 3 ? Wc9~* f 3 Ht 3 * 7R & # P9‚ d*8D**8 E 4 2(_ @ HtC 3 &
* 9A .t_AR # HtA$9];c* E 3 c G9?‡L &HC9? .Q& 3 4 V @ V? 3 * D* f # 4 ? 9`A *8 &C7*&, d$*8* d*8 E @ 87U # D R & # g^ G9:^ G*8*&?9?D .Q*!
&A &C7*&, d$*8* 9A # gy!A T9]? E # IC d& 3 &C(J )" VY* .A e(28 B('([9P .'928 3 R xJN K9ARG9 n ( )8(1 8$ R 3 `C* 8$ .t 3 4 9:_ %
e(6 D* .C9y89:‚ c 3 4 V @ .Q W2* d&?U : = 3 IC “tZ 3 &N9A K9A8* 7$ d&HA &C*(; . C 9IN 3 g # 9A 9 # N9A *&, d&HA & 3 & # ‡~ d&HA 9
)" ;? • RxJN K9AR pi R x=$D*7$ K9A R 96(' R pp .( 4 C9I'U B9HN!2 |]/? 7$ @ * d89A8$ a!'* 7 !Y79;N* R # ? $9–) E 3 (H # &V
`C* WN*$!A .Q 3 4 9= .'9288$ X % !6 †‡? *8 B('([9P =$ 8* 3 9A R x # 8*&^9) G9Jt?$U .I= .t_AR 7* $(, G*87$ G7!C 9:H) .C &
89) # gy!A G*(H5A w # &]) $8(? *&, G9y& # y 8*!6 9? “ 3 &C! . {vA8$ " 4 )*8() @ " &^ &:c # 4 [9:CU & @ 9A .Q # &C(N 89";28 &
P 3 P9J 3 5) &C7*&, •2() { 33 &C* d&N E ) ?78 .A B('([9P .'928 3 R x;J= K9A R G9 h¢ ( )8(18$ R 3 “Q != GU {vA8$ .t
? 3 9N *8 $(, W</?9A &C*(; # ]\ .Q 9`CU 7 &HQ &C7*&, a(t_? .;V 3 !)! # ]\ E 3 ? d*8 *&, a(t_? .A G92U G*! 33 ‡? R &A9 # G9
8 # C*(6 9A x=8&6 != 89Q9 3 *!N E # &A 9:H) .C &HN9A 9HNU B&]? K9;Q s # 4 C9I2U a(t_? E @ IC d*8 33 4 9=8$ .t_A R &HA9 % 7!I_6
8 .A *8 &C7*&, 4 7 % $ # C G*!" 3 ? g 3 &C&H< ) 4 ;? @ A K9A R 3 RT(2 (;V i K9AR 96(' R # Rx=$D9 np Rx=$D*7$ K9A R“6!? R i¢ .(

{vA 8$ " # $(: S " `C* 3 4 *&, G9I= *&, RX % ";v2 7 89:6 7 .?9Q $(, 3 4 ! % 4 _`;? a*8() 8$ .Q W2* @ ? 3 C *&5A 7 $(J 3 *8 7* g
4 )8(FA @ ? GU!68$ !)8&;]? 7!) |_—? x=D9A 3 G*(; # WY9 . *8$ # `C* $8(? E 3 W2* d&?U X ": ? &C7*&, 3 9?!0 # D* .Q & # K(]5
4 8*&<C9^ % D T$!Q # c Š8$*!A D* 9?*R x;N*$ W27$ *87* *! 3 [*D 7* 9A T«() .Q (V 3 $(A d&N d& . ? G(c!Y .A 7 3 9?!0 # *!) .Q &
I:A 3 "C*!A a8*!N .A 8(œH? E 3 2(A 9) x;v 3 !2*!2 8$ E? x2* 7 x=$ G9JC *8 $(, a8&6 () ._ 89J;C* G9:^ # &A9 . # 4 t @ D*
W0y &=*(, E? .A 9IN : $ “P # * 9?D* *&, *!‚ !" # ? $*! 3 " 3 DR $! # Q *! 3 4 '7ž &HQ W?79]? 7* d$*8* 9A &C*(;A .Q WV @ 4 * % () ¦ T$U
Q 3 4 ;V @ ? K*(^ *&, D* .Q 3 4 =*(v @ U ž # ?!y dD(QD* dD(Q 9 3 * .A *!? *!‚ &2!˜ # 4 ;,92 XtN E @ ? .‚ž 3 A &=*(vA *&, !y* $(J 9
D !<1 # 4 C9VQ XI/;? $9 @ 4 '7 &H;V= 7* xJ, $8(? .Q $(N @ IC WQ‡= 8*7*g2 3 &A 9)R &HN9< # 2(H 3 9IC *8 $(, b–L x= ._ # G9
? .‚ ž &=$ G9JC *8 $(, a8&6 x= 7 $D92 3 C9VQ .A *8 $(, e‡^7 WIœc &=*(vA *&, !y* $(J 3 &H;V= 7* WI\8 $8(? .t
4 *!A *8 9:CU ‡<67 % * # d$!Q d$9?U e‡^ E ž $D92 !=9• W2* ) " ?78 .A e(28 B('([9P .'928 3 R x:C XFY R G9 pp 7 ph .(
!


4 9^ 8$ % $ # I= !" 3 ? !Q>) B('([9P E 3 .Q &=& " = 3 4 C9VC* ƒ @ IC 3 (`A *8 *&, $(vA $(, &C*(; # & # *!y 7&A 9 # { # D R &A9 # * *! # E
4 78 7* .A *&, ‡<6 .Q W2* GU Tg_;V? % &N9A d$87U ." * # 4 ;N*$!A G9I= W28$ E @ U 9=&1 8$ .Q W2* # ? “t5H? GU!6 . 3 G*(;
# WY9 . 4 $8*(? 8$ “t5A % {vA 8$ $&5;? " c 3 4 [9V @ " `C* 3 * X # 4 ?$U $(, .Q W2* “t5H? !œC E @ ? .Q W2* 3 W</? 9A &C*(;
(, .A *8*&, # &C*(vA { . # _/) B!˜2 9 3 D8*8$ B&]? K9;Q B9HN!2 !"_ # 4 A9 @ * # `C* r_;v? WN*$!A 7$ E 3 *&, {]C D* X
4 y&CD8$ @ ? R 9:C9VC* 3 (H # &V :

" <J) 9A B('([9P .ZCU 3 4 )9: @ 4 '9c @ 4 '7 @ A †9H;J\7 3 V? a*&];5?8$ *8 $(, 89<;c* D7!?9A 9) .;N*$ G9 3 / 3 W2* d$!Q Œ0\ W .
;2(y7U 3 &6 B(H # “ ) E;2(y7* E2 ( * # ;,* T&c X1* E 3 &]) 7 G9VC*89 # 4 'D* ! @ 4 _1* G*(Hc .A *8 &C7*&, @ >P x_V? # W2* .;Y! .
Q 7!)(' C G('9 3 * R 7* G(‚ g # z!Y E 3 4 C(HQ .;V= *8 . @ 4 <=>? b;t? @ &C* d$*$ 8*!6 $(, . * # *8$ $9];c* E # ? .1‡, E 3 .Q $(J
4 89";28 % # 4 =*!Iy 9 @ 4 &A* % 4 ;\ G9VC* != @ * 8$ 7R W2* d&N uvJ? 7* .0—C $9]5C* D* X<6 # .;VA*7 G9VC* WN(C!2 9;2*8 E
C 7* $(, .A 3 xJ, .A ‘(H? 9Y!1 .t_AR WV # 4 :'* WI\8 9 @ W2* ".
___________________________________
! – V4 W.M$( A %Q I(.#D %Y$#S @ " : 6(Vg %Q >B* / 6wMB$T. J .MD T A 6m J 6(Vg G / 6(Vg G žB' T ¡[‰ / 6Y1.VBD J
4 T C 6.MR / >YZ, . 6ZQ), J * >,(#3 %Q (. C 6* HŽ. >,(#3 %Q UQ ),)4 T >f—] J L.Tk . 6(T / 6ZQ )4 J 4 %Q HR‰M² @* )
Mˆ A V . * )x WF#Q %4 WF#Q )†* C #† A ( ()* ()O %Q V A 6YgM1.#rB J G A 6ZQ M J * PF %4 C #† A w(F %O V C 6V / ¥ )" ”T)g)l1
61 bM4 J G L#1T !o &$( bMYQ T C G >¤Bd T eNO bM4GœM ™ .(
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4 *&, .C *&,R&N .;0y ‡<6 .tC9H‚R GU!6 8$ % 4 *&, .C R W2* a*8() d!:‚ 8*g= % FvN 7$ 3 4 ; @ `C* 3 4 [*&, .t_A R X @ 4 _c* &\ 8$ @
4 [9:J2!P 9292* .Q W2* .?9Q $(, @ ? .Q 3 4 *!A &HC*(; % [U 7$ 3 \() E 3 4 & % $ # 4 C&N ¨!—? 7* $8(? 8$ &C(N ¨!—? !" @ C 3 &H;V
DR # A 8$ .Q *! 3 * D* G7! # •(1* *&, E = 3 56*7 ƒ 3 4 ; @ = 7 3 ;,* ƒ 3 4 89 % $8*&C $(^7 . = 3 4 tJ,7!) ƒ @ C 3 ? ¨('8$ ‡<6 .Q WV ¬(0/
=7 &N9A d&JC W<¤ 7* 3 4 y!A ƒ @ C 3 4 A .Q WV @ 4 ;,8$ D* 7* dD9^* @ &;Y*7!Y . = 3 C&A 7* G9?!Y .A g^ “tZ 3 4 IC 9 @ U # .A g^ 7 &
IC 7* G9?!Y 3 I 3 4 )gc != 7 $! @ 4 ;'§ != 7 W2* 7* D* @ C 3 W2*7*D* g . “Q!= 7 W2* d$!Q Š89";28 7* $(N 89";28 “Q!=
4 =*!Iy .A .Q x= @ 92 {=*!Iy 7* $78 W2* .;, . .Q x= “Q != 7 W2* d&N G9I_V? 7* W2*(, .A $(N G9I_V? .Q “Q !=
* !~9vA &C9IA !Y9Q # W2* .;2*(, !Y9Q *8 7* &C7*&, $(, .Q W2* E . 7 9:N(y !A d$!P 7 9:'$ !A !:? .Q W2* 7* $(,
9:IJ‚ %4 4 [9:CU @ ? 3 ? .Q $8*>" 3 9< # 4 69A 89Q9—, & @ &HC9IA . ;67 3 9A .t # 4 !:N T$!? & % ? T*!\ G9CU !A 7* $(, &C(N †‡= 3 &Ht
4 ;67 R &HHQ .A() $(,!0Q D* .Q @ 9A .Q x= # 4 ?(6 !A *8 $(, b–L .]c91 & @ ? |VY d*8 .A *8 T(6 GU T9t\ 7* $(, &;2!0A 3 $!<
Q |/;V? 9) 3 C G9CU †‡= D* “P 7 R &C(N !0 3 4 ?*(6* g @ $ # &P !" # 4 ? & @ x= *8 9:CU 7 $87U # 4 t @ $ D* “P # 4 !" % .A †‡= †9,
4 ? @ $ a!<c T(6 != WN(C!2 9) $D*&C* # $(N G*!" . 4 ;\ @ *!A 7* G9?!Y .A G9?$!? B9<' # ? .;,7$ G9J 3 9= .C9, 7 $(J # 9
, 3 4 9= .I % *!A 7* G9?!Y .A G9CU # .;,92 G9J # ? .;N*!Y* 9 3 $(J . 4 9:y!A 7 š9N D* .Q W2* 7* % G9;,8$ # 4 9= .H?*$ D* 9 %
4 *!A9:=(Q % 92 T$!? # 4 [9:C9< @ N8(, {A9) !A*!A 8$ 3 ? & 3 T&Hy …8*g? .A *8 9=8*g;JQ7 9:L9A .Q W2* 7R $D9V # 7 9:C9;VQ9) 9
V]) 9:C9;V_vC 3 ? x 3 4 ,!A .Q W2* 7* x= D9A 7 R &Ht @ ? D* 3 4 *!A *8 9= d( % 4 , !A !A G$8(, @ $ # 4 !)!A !" % ? 3 &=& .

4 2 8$ @ A 7 d8(27$ 7 3 7$ D* { # U WV # P 8(—A GU!6 . 3 " 3 I=!A ! * . # 9:H QŸ) 3 W2* d&N d$9:C & :

4 =*!Iy .A &=*(vA .Q *8 “Q!= &C7*&, @ ? 3 *&= &=*(vA .Q *8 “Q != 7 &C9Jt # ? W 3 &Ht ) " =!A* 3 R x i T95C*R
R mpn R&c8R po R l*!c*R mnn R!~9Y R j R X/CR q R d&`2R mp R # Rr2( mm¢ R " ? x:Y &=*(vA .Q *8 .Q != 3 .Q *8 .Q != 7 &=&
IC &=*(vC 3 &=& ) " R d!]A pnn R pkq R hop ( R " 9? T‡2* .A *8 {'$ &HQ G9I_V? &=*(vA .Q *8 .Q != # ? X 3 != 7 &C*$!"
>P 8$ *8 {'$ &=*(vC .Q*8 “Q # * E;Y! # ? Wv2 G9I 3 &Ht ) " R T95C* pn R m¢o R mpn R r:QR no R d!]AR o¢ R # R “C( qq
7R m¢¢ R .¤9^R hh ( ?$(, WI\8 e(J? &=*(vA *8 “Q !=R 3 ? 7 &Ht 3 R &Jv< A *8 “Q != 7 ? K*>c &=*(v 3 &=& )" eU
R G*!Ic oi 7 mpq R d&[9? R mj ( R " gc &=*(vA .Q *8 .Q != # ? g 3 '§ &=*(vA *8 .Q!= 7 R &Ht 3 ? X 3 .Q “Q != .A R&Ht
‚ .I= &=*(vA 3 ? g 3 ‚ .I=&=*(vA .Q “Q != D* 7 &=& 3 ? *8 g 3 " 3 $! ) " R G*!Ic eU pk R™*!2*R pm 7 h¢ ( R " 4 VQ != @ *8
'§ *&, .Q 3 $ &HQ X # 4 VQ !" @ gc *8 7* # IC g 3 $!Q &C*(; ) " R}\ mk 7 mj R " 4 VQ != &C7*&, @ 4 D78 š*!Y &=*(vA .Q *8 % ? 3 &Ht
4 D78 ”H) &=*(vA .Q *8 “Q != 7 % ? 3 &Ht ) " R&c8 pk R a(<tHcR kp R T78 ho R 9<2R hq 8(C R pm R hi R ik ( R " 9? 7
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B&'() % 6,x<2 * , ) Xc * ;X^ ( CG K # 3$ B2 3,•9 B aI )p ;= 8,GK 8,J- * E C &F ;JA!) 4 3$ &Ej # 3,TF9 $(D ;',<3 B .,/0 [
I= a',k2 ,= * 3, % ,- ;/F(6 K2 % ) p(k2 B $!0 ad',]G 123() <(G ;= gI/EG 123( C E-,0 ;/F(6 23 Z 6, C ;0 aI62$
1&G ,- &W= <(G K2 C CG K # &62 ;/I . X-,/F2 * 6,J'9 hHOG [ C 3$ K32 # =, C !0s/G 23rL [= 1p,<3 CG B ;0 $(F % ,=
m,L$2 12r5WG C <(G C ,<9 Mr5WG 3(_L ;XJ5EG B M$(= ‚',]G % # $(@ # 3$ K2 23 8, # , % Ej ƒ!< * A() [ * ; CG a<2 M$!0
,69 ;0 3$ 8 3rA >,"E- 3$ # , p,= aJI: K2 % HJL ;0 89 C I= * B &62 M$!0 3sY $32$ l0 3, - * =9 ` C 3$ Q * ,Q S % ,@69
a<2 M&R6 ;/b,TF . '&= 23rL [= * Y$3(D!< 7 C !R: K2 # a # $(@ # B [=3,6 B ;_c!: ;= B adY „!) 23 $(D !@F B &'(G 8,
^IXb B !fG B 8&E' B >3 * ,- ;]I6 B $!0!d< [ % ^D C ;L(J5G ,- ;/F(6 % 3$ 8(E02 ;0 B2 XG ;6,]=,/0 C 3,Q # V
32&-,"6 % CG !) M&6K32 K2 $(F # "E-!b 3,•9 [ C ^<B 8B!: C 3,JF ;= CG $B3 .

f]F * a # $(@ % $ e,EF!< # !" % 2 2&W= ;0 # …) 23 23rL [= !U6 [ *# x<2 M$!0 & * b 2K(E * &EX- v3r= •(IX % l-&d- 8!:
;',<33$ ;0 a<2 Tractatus thelogico-politicus !f) $(D # † CG - ;0 &E0 * \ * .,/0 K2 t ,- % /L &@L * h
<(G ‡<() C $ ‡<() B # !" Q * 62!_Jˆ C 2 ‚'(G ;0 # .,/0 [ ,- &62 M&R6 ;/F(6 &62 M&F ;/D,EF 4 8,E-,0 ‡<() ,-&W= ;TX=
$ # !" % &62 M&F ;/F(6 ,@69 >,6 ;= 4 <(G 123() ;XJ5EG C X=,= 13,<2 K2 &W= 823B$ lUL2 [-,0 23rL ;/F(6 23 C # B $(@
,RD ‰(f]G M$,/<!b # XF3B2 ;= ,F3, * l CG &62$ . &= i(=!G ‰,D 7fb 82(EL # <3!= [ C 3$ x<2 ;',<3 * 2K(E Ej * [
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ &
a<2 : » 2 M3,=3$ # .,/0 [ ,- % <(G ;= gI/EG C E\J- B * m(J< .,/0 B 1B3 .,/0 B 823B2$ .,/0 [ * 8,-,F$,Q .,/0 B 7
W:2B C 6,I0 ‡<() C != 8,RG,6 ;0 2 # .,/0 [ ,- &F M$,@6 &62 M&F ;/F(6 M # 2 , # 2 ;TE # .,/0 [ ,- # t # $ ‚'(G &Ej , # !"
B &62 ;/F2$ 23$ # 2 13(fE # 6,I0 ;j ,@E C Š&62 M$(= «

JRD 8,b(c N,_6&= C 2 ‹,j ;0 # x<2 ;',<3 [ * 2K(E 3$ 8,@A # $(@ % "62!= * a] 4 ,- >,D,D % !<2!< WJ5G ,QB32 C 3$
TR) >2$!/IG9 * 3$ B &6$2$ 7 ,Q # !d6 89 8, # !WG ;G,6 [ B b C XL 23 * 3$,k B2 ; ;0 &6$!0 # T C K2 !/_',A # ,- ;6(J6 [ % o(6
3$ $(D 3,) # a<2 8,@A Π. 2 ;JA!) # !d6 [ # Ej ;G,6 [ * a<2 [ :

» •3 h_c % @'2 e&HG C 3B2$ B % Q ;J- * B2 82!_G, 4 x<2 ƒB3,= ,G * 2K(E % = C $ # B [ 3$ 23 &)!G 8(6,: e&HG .,/0 !=2!=
) 123() ( 62(: B * [ Ž{~ 2!= 89 ;6,Y % J- * R !d6 ; # €2!D2 B $!c B [ CG E0 * l 4 B P ;J- aEW' ,- m C ;0 23 # != •F( >$!G
32 # '2 B ,O * m,- ;\= !IQ != •R C aEW' >,J) B &6$,/<!b $3(D 23 ,@69 e!D ;0 ,- % $ # !" % 23 3$ ;0 M&G9 e&HG 123()
!= a<2 B2 CG /<!b * l . != aEW' 3$ $,= B2 != aEW' B ,-KB3 ;J- 3$ $,= B2 gF ;J- ,- . EW' 3$ $,= B2 != a /:B !- C ;0
CG R6 * 3$ B &E !- /:B C != ;0 CG D * $r . != aEW' B2 ,= 3$ !- XOG ;= ;0 •:(G C 7D2$ CG B $(F 3$ !- K2 ;0 •:(G 89
€3,D CG $(F . B2 rY!- &6B2&D B2 lRD B &R]_6 23 != 2 # 6 S-,0 8(WXG 8,I62 [ * !d6 ;J- B &=, # [ ,- m C 3$ ;0 23 .,/0
!= a<2 M&G9 e&HG 3,YKB3 ;Odk K2 23 SG,6 B $K,< NK,6 B2 $K2&62!= . - ,G * 2 823B2$ 1… # ,JE= 23 8(WXG &)!G [ # Y&E C
;J- g6,A K2 # $(@ # B3 8, % GK * ,- ;/F(6 8&62(D B ;J',TJ'2 o(EJG B 1,:?J'2 o(EJG [ # >?L2 !d0 23 S CG E0 * l . «

B$ # $(@ % I= * $ e,EF!< 3, # ,G 823B$ !" 4 K # B!b &6(J" # 1!_'9 B & 2 # ,/RE # [ 4 23 123() a',k2 $(D ;=(E= Wc,: ,= * a
&62 M$!0 •d6 . $ ;XJA K2 # <,EF!< 82!Td/G !" C 2 ;0 # &62 M$2$ 32!: 3,T62 $3(G 23 a',k2 [ CG ,= # ;0 $!= >,6 !/'B K2 &
3$ $ # IT * dIXb !6( C <(G $(D $(AB ;TX= 123() a',k2 ,@E) ;6 $(D C 2r@/<2 ;= 23 a<2 ;/b!Y 4 3$ B ,I/62 $3(G .
<(G ;= 123() C CG (6 # I Z & : » D!= C K2 HHOG * d<…/G ;0 [ Z 2 ;6, # !Q 8,J B k!: ,Q C = &632&6 C j ;J- ;= a@A * F r Z t
CG &EE0 4 g5W) 3,@•2 CG 2 K2 &EE0 # - ;TE * ` Q * !_Jˆ % Q K2 * 82!_Jˆ # $(@ 4 ,) {{Ž‘ 3,) K2 VQ N,< # ] C 123() $(D ;0
2!= % Y&6K C <(G C W) ** a<2 M$!0 [ 4 3$ .,/0 ,- % $(D n ,HX^G G,6 C <(G K2 C 3$ B M$!_6 - * <&HG ;/F(6 ` C /L &@L * h
6 * r 4 3$ M2(D G2rG * $B2$ ! 4 3$ M2(D .,/0 ,- % X< ;= gI/EG * 8,J 4 .,/0 M2(D ,- % !_/WG # G! * , % _6 C F2 B * _6 ’, C B
:r+ * _6 N, 4C !/J0 # 2 M3,F2 [ % 6 B&= CJ 82() # ab, 4 G,<2 ;T6,E\J- C 123() ;6,"5EQ 3,d<2 : Q * 2& # S 4 B!D € 4 $2&L2 4
Bp # 8, 4 Ey) * ; 4 3$ - * =,/0 ` C - K2 * Q ` * 6 123() !_Jˆ * a<2 M&G, . J- * >$9 [ ,- % „,TF CG <(G ,W:2B !Y2 ;0 &E<!Q C
(6 # 2 M&EI # $(= ;6,"5EQ 3,d<2 [ 4 ;6("j CG 3$ aI62() Bp !d< # (E= 8, # ;0 &I # M$!0 >2!+ 23 3$2!= 8K ,= €2B$K2 M(@
'B a<2 C 3$ B2 $(D Ey) !d< * 2 ; # 2 [ •B 23 €2B$K * 2 ;d % L!F C Š$3,JR= 3(^j B CG 3$ aI62() GK!< * E C - ;0 * a:(\
/+ C &6 $(D ;= l- $,=9 !@F M$ # _: a<2 M& * Bp ;X # B 7@j g+,k 23 8, &E0 >?L2 !@F aR- 4 3$ l@69 = * 6,=, C B2 $(D ;0
3$ N,< 7@j SG(: B = &6$(= 82$!Y!< 89 C /+ ;T69 C 2 ;6,D % ^j l- K,= B Š&EF,= ;/F2$ 3( CG K2 aI62() 6,-,F$,Q C
("= []< # 3$ &W= N,< &f6,Q ,@E) ;0 & m2!<2 * Q 7 * &6&F 2& 4 'B C q,: B 823B2$ $(AB K2 * 6, C 3$ ;0 2 # >(: ;Xk,b [
m2!<2 * !_D &6$!0 M32$2 23 7 % Š&F,= ;/F2&6 « &62 ;J- a<!@b # 3,) B 82&EJR # 623,"6 Œ C 3$ ;0 2 # !U6 ,k,f/D2 M3,= [
&62 M$2$ ) 9 ;XJA K2 B ,@6 CG $ K2 82() # B3& 4 TI/6(G * ( 4 ;)(Y 4 a6,0 4 8,63 4 6 * ;\ 4 Z- . € . r'B 4 7<23 &62!)!= 4 1!_'9
2(F # $!= >,6 !I/ ( .,/0 a<!@b &k&Ej K2 - ZZ , Ej K2 8,R)p,HG B ZZ )2!b 32r- & ZZZ ! CG $B3 4 3$ ;0 ;= !q,+ .,/0
a_<,EG ,- % 3,JF K2 ‚X/]G % ,@69 K2 # a<2 M&F $, .

$ g6,A K2 # !" 4 = <! C ,- % =!“ 8,<,EF 123() M$!/IY C 3$ J- * 8!: ;< [ 4 2 # W:2B [ * 6 23 a * ;0 a<2 M$!0 [FB3 r
p(k2 123() $(D # 6 &+2B [/G t * 2&D $(D ‡<() ;0 aI # <(G , C &F,= M&F ;/F(6 4 0!) ;TX= * _ C ‚X/]G [/G 3,@j K2
(6 a<&= ;0 a<2 # ‚X/]G 8,Y&EI 3$ N,< ,- % 3$ B ‚X/]G 2!F # < ‡ * <, C ,J/A2 B L C _-sG B C &62 M&F ;/F(6 ‚X/]G
2(/OG ”,O' K2 ;j B •3,"6 t_< !U6 K2 ;j B % ,= ,@E) ;6 # &T # 6 –E-,J- !" * &E/I 4 3$ ;TX= I= * $32(G 3, ,6 –E-,J-
—:,E/G p(k2 M,Y B # &T # &6!" . &: # J C !) # 2 [ # ,- [/G [ % 123() ;6,Y3,@j >(<(G » # (@ % « a<2 ) K # 3$ &6B2&D 2! 89
# G,6 M(@ * M& CG $(F ( 3$ ;0 Q l@6 8!: * G K2 S * a<2 M&F ;/F(6 $? . GB$ [* 123() » -('2 C « 3$ ;0 a<2 K2 89 2&D
-('2 13(f= * M&F M$!= >,6 l 4 3$ B Q l/R- 8!: * G K2 S * 3$ $? GK!< * [ # 3$ ;0 2$(@ a:(69 # T C 7H/IG 3(R0 B$ K2
# B&) $(= $(@ # a<2 M&F [ . E/G >(< [/G C 3$ ;0 a<2 :r+ 8,GK * _6 N, C ) !D2B2 Q l/d- 8!: * G K2 S * IG $? * † ( '…) * ‚
G3,@j [/G >,562!< B M&F C J<3 [/G ;0 C 6(E0 C E/G a<2 C K2 2&W= ;0 a<2 X=,= 13,<2 823B$ C # EW C 3$ 8,GK
REG,]- aG(T+ 8,* 3$ ^IXb * [ ) Q l5EQ B lRF 8!: * G K2 S * IG $? * † ( -B!Y ‡<() C X< &_WG 8,E-,0 K2 * 3$ 8,J i,_)32
6 B 1p(O) ,= * ,-K, % !Tb % B _-sG C G,A W ; # $(@ % B&) 823B$ 89 # ,- >,D,D [/G ;= B a<2 M&F [ # 8,E-,0 ,
Sacerdotal a<2 •B!WG 4 JT) B * p,J/+2 89 7 Q >B$ 8!: ,) * G K2 S * ;G2$2 $? # a<2 ;/b, . I= * 3, % 12&H/WG K2
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ '
E= * $, % 3$ 123() D!= C K2 2 # $ [/G 3,@j [ # 6 M& CJ ;= ‡Hb B &6(F # t # 69 K2 [/G B$ , &632$ hXW) ,@ 4 &'() 8,/<2$ ?yG
3$ ;0 2(+ B >$9 [/G » # (@ % « M&G9 123() 4 3$ [/G » -('2 C « $32&6 $(AB 89 4 3$ 2&D a+2!/<2 o(q(G B l/d- KB3
!b9 # ^W) ;0 SE * G2r'2 7 C m9 ;_EF KB3 * [ # 3$ ,@E) a<2 ;/b!Y ;JRj!< 89 K2 $(@ G,D,D 123() C a<2 M&G9 . B$
!"R-B˜Q # $(@ % !G2 # m,T 4C $ # ( # B v!_6KB3 & 3$ >(X= &'B!- N,< ,- % D2 * 3$ ! !< !Q .,/0 B m2&k C .,/0 >,E= # M(@
» . The Book of J $2 ,L ;0 &62 M$!0 # T C 3,@jK2 123() ‚'•(G ,- % ;6,Y3,@j # ;E-,0 8K t # $(@ % a<2 M$(= .

3&E'3(b 6,J'9 $,/<2 C @'2 * R0 B 1, * 8,/I)B!Q S 4 !0s) CG Q ;0 &-$ * 82!_G, # $(@ % = <(G K2 &W 4C WF2 ;XJ5EG * ’, 4
G * M,T 4 e(G,L 4 F(- * 3$ , - * ,A ` % .,/0 ,- % <(G ;= B €B!D !d< ;= 8,F$(D C 2 M3,F2 % 6 CJ 3$ p(k2 B &EE0
- * \ * ,- ;/F(6 K2 t % _-sG C m2!<2 * Q 823B$ ;= i(=!G 7 * X=,= 13,<2 K2 S C G,6 ;6 C K2 <(G C ;= ;6 B M&F M$!=
2!A,G % m2!<2 €B!D * X * K2 8, 2 !fG a<2 M&F M3,F 4 3$ )3(k * ,E_G != ;T % 3$ 123() $(D 13,<2 8,GK # $(@ # 3$ 8,
$r6 7=,= # != N,< 32r- t <(G 823B$ C CG a<2 ;/FsY . ;\69 3&E'3(b !U6 K2 3$ 2 # 3$ M3,= [ e&HG .,/0 $(A(G 8(/G
$ # M& CG _',^G $(F C "/D,< C Xk2 8(/G ;= 2&W= ;0 a<2 C /+ B a<2 M&F M$Brb2 C G,<2 C E= * $, % €B!D !d< ;= i(=!G
_: K2 * <(G 7 C !G B 8B3,- B # B l # 3$ ;0 •F( Ey) !d< * ,@69 K2 ; # 3$ a<2 M&F $, - * \ * ,- ;/F(6 K2 t % Q * 823B$ K2 S
X=,= 13,<2 C # $(@ # $32&6 $(AB 8, .

3$ m,A C $ # /L &@L K2 !" * K2 h $ ;/D,EF,6 [/G # !" % 3$ ;0 M&F M$!= >,6 123() K2 8,GK # T C 8,-,F$,Q K2 # 3$ 2$(@
JW) >,"E- * XF3B2 &_WG ! * m3 ‡<() l * 2!= B ‚R0 &_WG 8,E-,0 V % M$,/<!b M,F$,Q CG $(F 4 89 am2!: B # N(O) t
v3r= » < * <, C – _-sG C « 3$ 23 G $(AB ;= 3(R0 C $3B9 . 2 w!F # 2!A,G [ 4 3$ ;\69 h_c = .,= * B aI >B$ .,/0 >B$
Ej M&G9 8,-,F$,Q * ;0 a<2 [ : # F( * , M,F$,Q # $ 2$(@ 3 J-&5- * $(D aE^X< N,< [ ) Ž|| Q * G K2 S * IG $? * † ( g),0 K2
$(D CG m3 ;0 $(EF * XF3B2 &_WG 8,E-,0 V * l 3$ ,- M!H6 B ,-?c 8$!0 ,5=,A >,"E- % &_WG 4 2 ;/D,EF,6 ;]I6 % K2
3$ 23 123() P ;6,D 6B2&D Z & # ‡<() 2!69 B ;/b, B % 2!= % a<2 M$,/<!b M,F$,Q . /:B C 2 g),0 ;0 # 23 .,/0 [ 2!= % F$,Q Z M,
CG 62!"6 K2 M,F &62(D C 23 $(D ;G,A CG HX+ B $3$ * ’, 3(_TL B g),0 8,b,F B [-,0 G [= * ,T # , 3(G…G 23 CG ;0 &E0
B2 g™“ ;0 &EE0 aXšIG &6B2&D K2 B &6B!= != >(: # != 2$(@ $(R6 ;/DB!b2 . » 2 K2 # [ 2 8,E]< ,G 823&Q ;0 a@A # .,/0 [
\69 !- hb2(G ,) &6$2&6 •(Y 23 ,J6 7JL a<2 .(/TG ,G M3,=3$ ; # &E « 4 2 ;E-,0 ,= 13(RG K2 VQ B % ;ABK M&XD >,6 ;=
XF3B2 >B$ ;XOG 32&<,_' VA!A [= M(H) [= >?F * Q M3,=3$ l * W:2B >, C 2 # .,/0 [ 4 _-sG l<2!G C XX5G C &5) 8,R6 ;= # &
G * rY!= >(: ,= &6B2&D ›,y # )!) •$(D M& * g CG &-$ 4 < VQ 89 K2 B * X0 a<, C a'B$ # 3$ 2$(@ 2 # IG [ * 32!: ! CG Y * $!
X0 ;0 * _-sG 3(G2 ; C 3$ XF3B2 * 3$ B l r0!J) 89 &_WG # &=, /G2 B * I= 12K, * = 3, * !/R % Y hXW) &_WG 8,E-,0 ;= * $! 4 L3$ B * [
TJ- N,+ Z 3, % 2 ;_6,A ;J- % G * M,"/<$ 8, ,- % 6,+B3 B aE^X< * TO) •dE= a * Y 32!:!= •!c B$ !- •q2(G l ZZ $$! .
<!= C ,- % &Ej # 3 ;',< [ # $3,\ !b # $,/<2 [G& # $(@ % $ [< M,"R62$ 7kp2 # (Y ; % ',0 * 6!d * 3$ , HO) !•2 * H C >,E= B2 » .,/0
23 e&HG I0 ;j C Ša<2 ;/F(6 « 2 ;0 a<2 M$!0 [FB3 # ‡<() !D9 ;= ,) NB2 K2 [/G [ # G! * , # T C &_WG 8,E-,0 K2
XF3B2 * B l ,= !k,WG # F( * M,F$,Q , # XWA 3(^= B M&F ;/F(6 2$(@ 4C 2 ;G,6!= h_c % 3,TJ- ,= ;0 % $(D # F( * +2!c , C
2 ;/D,EF,6 ;]I6 M$(= M&F % <(G &@LK2 C a<2 ;/b3 lX: ;= .

3$ 23(F % _-sG C ) Council ( X0 * ,I % )2B * 3$ 8,T N,< {œ‘• 2!= ;0 % $!) ,= ;X=,HG # ,-& % 123() a',k2 ;= i(=!G
TR) * &F 7 4 +B 123() ;0 &F >?L2 ,J<3 C <(= ;0 a<2 &6B2&D * ;X K2 B M&F 7H/EG e&H'2 wB3 X0 M23 * 6,@A ;= ,I * 8,
<3 * a<2 M& 4 'B C J- * X0 [ * ,I # TR) ,= 89 K2 &W= N,< &fT * - 7 * HO) aš * H C » - * 6B! * e(J « sQ # 123() a',k2 ;0 ab!
6 lXIG * B&) B aI # m,@6 [ C 2 # /+ .,/0 [ C ,) N,< žžž Q * K2 S G * IG $? * † ) K2 &W= N,< 32r- 3,) # /E< Œ C <(G v!G C (
,Q # 8, 6 * a<2 M$(= ;/b, .
!
™W= C K2 != 82!"R-B˜Q 2 # HL [ * 2 ;0 &62 M& # 3$ ,@E) 3,0 [ G NB2 8!: * $? % ,Q # a<2 ;/b!Y 8, 4 B
K2 [)&Ej /+ 8,69 C 2 # 3,) [ # 23 Œ < $B&+ ZZ N, z•• G * $? % &62 ;/I62$ . 2B3 gA(J= # / C K2 : ZZZZZ G NB2 8! * $? 4% 8(j
,- ;]I6 % &: # &@L .,/0 !_/WG B l /L * 3$ h >,"E- B # 62! C XF3B2 &_WG * 1&G $(= M&F M&62K(< l ,- - * $ ;]I6 ` # !" % K2
89 3$ $(_6 a<$ 4 3$ 89 [/G >,J) 2 ;dF,TG % 3$ ?_: ;0 $(@# lUL2 [-,0 23rL ;= M(@# g6,A K2 !I= 82!#2 +B $!_*G C
B &F B % Q,*Q gF 7@j B KB3 7@j 1&G 3$ 2!69 C $(@# g),0 ŸEQ ;= % $!0 ;/T#$ 4 /:B B C A K2 ;0 3(G…G ,F3,#,RD g6,



_______________________________
! - "#$% & '() *+,-."( ) !/01 - !/02 ( .
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ (
B&) # [ 6(6,: C 2!= % # $(@ # ^IXb 8, * &F [ ) 3$ ;0 R]= 8,Gr69 C -,RE-,F K2 C ,]- EG R C $(= ( 4 B % -B!Y ,= C ;= 8,E-,0 K2
XF3B2 * 3$ B ab3 l 6(E0 123() ,569 C m2!<2 8(6,: 82(EL ;= 23 * ;= 7 # $(@ # HL ;= $!0 ?=2 8, * 123() B ƒ3(G &Xd6!0 M&
6,J'9 e,EF C 3,Rb,Q aXL % X0 * ,I % '(),0 * 3$ t Y(XA * ! % = K2 C 3,_/L2 % 2 123() a',k2 # 3$ ;0 a<2 [ Ej * )3(k [ C
,Q # IG ; * O * 6 a * != ;0 r 2B3 # Nr'r/G a<2 32(/<2 123() 1, CG $(F : » b C sQ !Y2 7yJ'2 # 1,A3&EG ;J- ;0 $(F ;/b!
0 .,/ # B •F( != 89 ¡$2(+ ,E_G % W:2B * a ,- % 3,) lXIG # ] C XWA C “ B * W:2B ! C a<2 4 3$ E#2 13(f >(: M3(^<2 >,J)
rY!= # M& # 3$ $(@ &= $(L(G ¢32 SR]= $3(G # rY!= >(: [ # 6 &6B2&D g6,A K2 M& * r 6,/<2$ C ]) * X C N(_: ,= B $(= &-2(D
Ej * W:2B [ * / C ,E_G % $ # G(: [ C # XT= $(@ C &-2(D Nr'r/G &F 4 K # G 8B&= 2! * ›,y # rY!= B M(@ # Y& C >(: # $(@ 4 $ # [ # $(@
$ # m2(/OG !" C aF2$ &-2(]6 . «

$ # 3$ a6(J .,/0 » # $(@ # 8, 4 3,) B 2&D # Œ « [-,0 B$ # $(@ % (6 ;0 23 # W:2B 8,Y&EI C 6(E0 123() C JO6 B 23rL &62 M$(= * ,
CG !- ;0 &62$ B$ % 3$ ,@69 REG,]- 3,=3$ C aG&D CG B$ !- B &62 M$!0 6 * F$32 g6,A K2 r * 3(G…G ,= ! # B&) a # 6(6,: [ C
2!= % >(: # ^IXb ;= $(@ * &6$(= M&F M$,/<!b [ 4 Ey) !d< ;0 M$(= 8,69 3,T/=2 ;= B * 3$ ;0 ; 8,GK # ,= $(= M&F ;/F(6 ,F(
&5) # .,/0 ;= >Kp !U6 & ,- % X_: ;6,Y 3,@j C 2 K2 B M&F ;b,q2 123() # 0!) [ * g » ;IJD 3,d<2 « ) 123() ( 6(E0 C = $(A(
a<2 M&G9 .

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•$(D g6,A 4 L g6,A K2 ;6 B * I 4C a<2 M$!= 3,T= : » /:B * WG 8,GK ;T * <3 2!b [ * & K2 ;0 23 $(D &6K!b &6B2&D # 8K t
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6 $B2$ 3(GrG * =23(J+ ;+(' M&EE0 (YK,= r C 3$ ;0 a<2 B 89 % 2&D ƒB$!G % X=,= C 2&D (69 !IQ 23 % G,6 v3r= * a<2 M& .

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2 Mr5WG % &62 M$!T6 w!^G 23 .

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$!= p,= S#(D « ) ’,I6 {z‘ - {zœ ( .

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•!/IY B ab,# B 8,Hb2(G $!0 2&*Q 3,*I= 8,d',]G . 3$ &#,= /+ ;0 aF2$ !U6 C <3,b 8,JX< K2 S*Q C ;H=,< $(D ;0
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$32$ . 3$ 3$ 8(=('B,/<(Y M3,= [#2 Bibliotheque de Philosophie Scientifique CG &I#(6 :

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* * *
&*+() 8,#$2 e&HG .,/0 ;< !- ;0 89!: †#!f) [#2 l“!*XL % ) 123() 4 7*562 4 89!: ( 2&D t# g6,A K2 % M$,/<!b &+2B
&62 M&F ) [#2!=,E= B CG n ,H^EG &#,= H#,H+ M&EE0 VTWEG C 3$ „!/RG B &+2B g',: » &=2 [*62(: % !#sQ,6 !**ˆ) B a=,• B
@'2 C « &EF,= ( 4 3,*I= 8,*G % 62(: K2 3$ M&F >?L2 [* 1B,d) .,/0 ;< [#2 ,- B #,- —:,E) M,Y C $,*E= 8,Ej % $32$ $(AB
!= ¢!b !Y2 ;0 &62 ;/b!Y ;JRj!< &+2B •_EG t# K2 ,@69 ;J- ;0 &F,= [#2 4 3$ &6B2&D ;0 ab!Y ;5*/6 &#,= 3,j,6 ;=
)3(f= 3,= [#&Ej 8!: &Ej ,@E) ;Xk,b C {œ• 2 ;A3$ % a<2 M$2$ M&*HL !**ˆ) .

3$ m(F,6K $3(G C &F M$2$ !0s) r*6 ?_: ;T6,Ej 4 ;0 a<2 [#2 123() lT+ : » I0 8(j C 6K C M$3B93$ $(D w,T6 ;= 23
&F,= 4 !- !"#$ 8K [#2 ;0 M,"69 3$ B2 B &-&= S/<&= B ;/F(6 ;G,E:?c &#,*6 &EIQ •!U6 &E0 8B!*= $(D ;6,D K2 23 4
!"#$ !-(F 8K 89 !Y2 B % B r*6 B2 B &E0 % B!TG 23 8B!*= •2 ;6,D K2 23 B2 B &-&= S/<&= ;/F(6 ;G,E:?c B $32&= M
&E0 4 B2 ;0 NB2 !-(F B2 aI*6 K,5G !"#$ $(= M$!0 ,-3 23 $3B93$ $(D w,T6 ;= M3,=B$ 23 . « 3$ ,/<23 [*J- 3$ 89!:
a<2 M&G9 : » 6,6K C &EF,= 8,)&EIQ $3(G ;0 &#3B93$ $(D w,T6 ;= 23 : 8K 3,@j ,# ;< ,# B$ ) ’,I6 4 |• ( 4 !Y2 B
6,G!b,6 C ,@69 NB2 &EE0 &*E0 aO*f6 23 4 3B$ 8,F!/I= K2 Vx< % &*E#rY 4 &*6r= 8,RT/0 !D9 a<$ B ) ’,I6 4 ~ž ( 4 B
3$ &EF,_6 8,)&EIx'$ ;\6,Ej &*F,_G 82!"6 ,@69 ›?c !G2 « ) ’,I6 4 {¦ ( . 'B C 3$ a<3$ 3$ ;E*GK [*J- †#!f) 7*562
a<2 M&F ;0 : » I*L M,"69 C B $!G $(G!b 6K C €2B$K2 !"#&T# ,= ;0 CG &E/I*6 !d6 B$ !"#$ &EE0 4 &+2B [) t# ;TX=
&E/I- . 2&D ;0 23 ;\69 VQ 2&A &#,_6 8,I62 a<2 ;/<(*Q l@= $K,< . <(G 2!j VQ &6&*<!Q 8,*I#!b B C ;0 $2$ MK,A2
K2 $(D 8K ;= ;G,E:?c t# 8$2$ ,= $!G B2 2&A I*L B Š$(F C 3$ adY .2(A : ,JF ;= [G ,G2 CG $(D 8K V0!- l#(Y
/XL ;= 23 C B &-&= ›?c ,6K r5= 6K ,= C a<2 M&F ,6K gT)!G •$(D &E0 €2B$K2 !"#$ « ) /G C 4 l-$K(6 .,= 4 z - ¦ ( 4 B
6K !- C 2&A $(D !-(F K2 ;0 r*6 ,= B $(F a<2 M&F ,6K gT)!G &E0 €2B$K2 !"#$ $!G « ) V:!G 4 l-$ .,= 4 {{ 4 {| ( .

3$ 023(D $3(G C ,- % B >2!+ 3$ N?+ a<2 M&G9 123() : » <(G ;= &6B2&D C K2 adY ),62(*+ ;J- C != ;0 B3 % [*GK
!- &E/I- &EE0 32(]R6 B &EF,= l< ;/b,TF ;0 23 >2&0 4 &F,= ;/b,TF ,G,J) ,@69 l< ;TE#2 i!R= 4 23 !/F ,G2B &#3(]=
aI*6 l< ;/b,TF ;0 &#3(]6 4 32(]R6 2!#K &#3(]G 23 •(Y!D B CG 'B &E0 C $32&6 l< 4 &#3(]6 23 „(D B 4 2!#K
l< ;/b,TF 6 32(]R6 [T*'B aI- CJ &E0 4 !- K2 B 3$ ;j !- a<2 .9 !Q ;0 >2&0 23 >2&0 !- B &#3(]= $32$ VXb B ;0
!Q B &#3(]6 $32&6 VXb 4 B .,HL 2(- 8,“!G K2 B B !G !/F B 32(D 82(]/<2 !G B 32(]Fp !G &ˆA B B M!Q gF
&#3(]6 23 &-&- 4 'B C 23 32&',= 12!R+ ;J- 3,@j != ;0 M23 ,Q CG &#3(]= &6B3 .. . K2 B + )2!R C != ;0 [*GK CG &6rD
2!= ,@E#2 % &62 V56 ,JF : 3(0 •(G B ;<,=!0 B 3,J<(< B •(G B !- B 8(JX:(= B ;<,xXj != ;j B $B3 M23 lTF
,-,Q ;j !- % $32$ M$,#K « ) 8,#Bp!d< 4 l-$K,# .,= 4 { - ~• ( B 3$ G [*J- 3$ $3( a<2 M&G9 89!: : » 2&D &*62$!Y >2!+ !=
23 „(D aF(Y B 8(D B 32$!G ,JF 4 62(*+ !- B C &EF,= M$!T6 †=¥ 2&D >,6 ;= ;0 23 ) M!H= 4 {‘~ ( 4 62(*+ !- B C 23
&EX= K2 ,# 8$K .(j ,# 8$!0 ;dD ;= ;0 % &F,= M$!G 8$K ƒ,F ;= ,# [/D2&62 [*m,Q ) M&m,G 4 ~ ( 4 != l#$!0 N?+ B ,JF
- 23 8,#,Q 3,@j K2 adA aR : !6 B !6 B M!= M$,G B r= M$,G ,- ;\= B % 3$ ;0 23 ,@69 &EF,= 8,F3$,G lTF 4 !6 B M$,G B
!/F !6 B B B,Y M$,G B ,- ;\= % 3$ ;0 23 ,@69 ,- lTF % &EF,= ,- M$,G « ) >,W62 4 {ž~ B {žž ( . 'B C 3$ a<3$ [*J-
/<23 Z 3$ , ;0 a<2 M&G9 7*562 : » ... I*L B C ;= adY ,@69 : *62&= Z ;\69 M23 K2 8,I62 ;0 & CG B $3(D CG 56 &F(6 Z V
6 CJ $(F 4 K2 ;j!- ;0 2!#K M23 M&WG ;= $(F 8&= $32B 8,-$ CG 3 ;X=rG ;= 89 K2 VQ B $B3 # ;/] CG $(F 4 G$9 ,G2 C K2
j 89 M23 * m,-r C V56 CG B N$ K2 ;0 $(F = S6,-$ * G 8B! C 9 # & 4 aFK []< &E6,G 4 &62 # XQ ;R * & 4 : 7/ 4 ,6K 4 hIb 4
$K$ 4% •Jc 4 B3$ 1$,@F 4 D * a6, 4 !b # g 4 1$,I+ 4 aJ@) 4 $(D = * E 4C &= -2(D C a:,J+ B . 2 # ,@E # = 8B3$ K2 ;0 &E * 8B!
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ %'
G C 9 # G$9 B &E C V56 23 CG &EE0 « ) /G 4C l-$r6,Q .,= 4 {‘ 4 |• 4 V:!G 4 l/d- .,= 4 {œ - |~ ( . 3$ K,= B J- * GK [ * ;E
a<2 M&G9 : » ^G 2!j * )23!HG • C _: K2 * 2 7 # [ CG (F # 2 ;0 & # 2 ;= B 3(]6 2!69 B 3(]= 23 [ # 8r= a<$ [ # Š8rG a<$ ,
L * I C 023(D $3(G 3$ ;0 a<2 ;/dY ,JF ;= C G,F9 B * 6& C # ,L3 , # L a * & # (6 M,G , # a_< KB3 , ) ;_EF ( $ $,H/62 ;= # 82!"
J-2 * -&6 a * & « ) I'(0 ;= e('(m,Q ;',<3 * 8, 4 >B$ .,= 4 {Ž - |{ .(

3$ ‰,f: M3,=3$ G9 123() ;0 a<2 M& : » ,A ;= lRj % ,A ;= 82&6$ B lRj % 82&6$ 4 a<$ B ,5= % a<$ B ,Q %,5= B ,Q
,5= 2$ % 2$ . !Y2 B I0 C >?“ lRj # E0 , * r 3(0 23 $(D B2 &E0 &E0 $2K9 SJRj ¢(L ;= 23 « ) !d< €B!D 4 = .,= * aI
B # lT 4 |ž - ~ž ( . B 3$ J- * GK [ * 3$ ;E ;0 a<2 M&G9 89!: : » $2K9 $!G 3$ 23 7=,HG $2K9 $!G 4 B 3$ 23 M&E= B M&E= 7=,HG
RT= 8K 7=,HG 3$ 23 8K * & ) M!H= 4 {‘œ ( 4 ,5= lRj % B lRj = * E C ,5= % = * E C ,5= •(Y B % ,5= 82&6$ B •(Y % 82&6$
) M&m,G 4 žz ( 4 G(: K2 N(/HG !Y2 B C &E=3,OG ,JF ,= ;0 &F,= 4 != ,@_6(D aD2$!Q 3B!q 7),: % 6 * ('B aI N(/HG ;T69
&F,= [G(G « ) 6 ’,I 4 ¦| ( . 'B C 3$ J- * 3$ $3(G [ 562 * a<2 M&G9 7 : » ... B L * I C $(G!b : EF * 2 M& # a<2 M&F ;/dY ;0 &
A ;= lRj ZZ , % B lRj ,5= 82&6$ % 82&6$ . ,JF ;= [G ,G2 CG (Y # >,H/62 ;0 l m(A C a<2 &6B2&D h+ ‡Hb 4 B 0 a<2B2 Z ;
CG ,= # 2r< & % &-&= 23 823,T-,EY ) ,:(' 4 = .,= * lRF B aI 4 |‘ - |¦ ( 4 0 () * /I C -2(]= ;0 C $ 8,I62 M3,=3$ # !" %
E0 1B,™: C !b9B2 Š # 6,J<9 .,=32 ‡Hb B a<2 &6B2&D M& C () CG 2 &62() # 23 3,0 [ 3$ &-$ >,562 B2 $3(G ) ;',<3 e('(m,Q
GB3 ;= * 8, 4 l-$3,@j .,= 4 ž ( 4 B » !Q 2!j -,0 C 23 3$ ;0 $ lRj # !" % G a<2 C = * E C 'B C =(j C 3$ ;0 23 3$ 1$(D
32$ lRj % J6 C = * E C 23 .(j 89 !Y2 Š = 1$(D lRj K2 * F,= M$3B9 8B! 4C -2(D !/@= M,"69 C 6 23 M,0 !Q aI62() * K2 r
= 13$2!= lRj * 3B9 8B! % « ) /G 4C l/d- .,= 4 { - ž 4 ,:(' 4 lRF .,= 4 ~‘ - ž| ( B » 2 % G$9 4C 0 () * /I C M3,=3$ ;0
$ # 1B,™: 82!" CG E0 C /:B Š C $ () # 23 82!" >(TOG CG E0 C 'B C - 1$(D 3,0 8,J % 562 &62 M$2$ >,562 ,@69 ;0 23 ZZZ >,
CG -$ 4C 2 M$!0 >(TOG 23 1$(D % « ) /G 4C = .,= * B aI l/d- 4 z| - z~ ( B » $ M3,=3$ # ETG 1B,™: 82!" * & 4 K # 2!
$ ;0 3(^6,J@= # >(TOG 23 82!" CG E0 * -2(D >(TOG 8,)$(D & * &F & « ) /G 4C l/d- .,= 4 { B | ( .

3$ ,6K 12K,5G $3(G 4 3!HG 123() ;0 a<2 M$!0 : » !Y2 6K C $!G ;= % 'B $(F $rG,6 C $ # !" % 3$ 23 B2 !@F # ,= ;/b, B2
!- VQ $(F !/I_J- B$ % 2 # 23 8,R B &6!_= !@F MK2B3$ ;= –E< ,= ,- J= ,) &EE0 3,I"E< * &6! « ) Ey)!d< * ; 4 = .,= * aI
B >B$ 4 |~ B |ž ( 4 !f) 89!: B # † CG ;0 &E0 : » 3,0,6K 8K !- 3,0,6K $!G B 23 >2&0 &k 6r= ›?F ;=!q * - B & * ;6("\
J+!) C B3 8,62&= 2 32&G # & 4 B 2 # 3$ 12K,5G [ 3(™+ -B!Y C K2 Y >,562 8,EG(G * $! « ) 3(6 4 | ( . 'B C 3$ J- * 3$ $3(G [
562 * ;0 M&G9 7 : » !b B 8,_),0 # I * 6K 8, C 3$ ;0 23 Q $(= M&F ;/b!Y ,6K * B2 S ) L * I C ( &6$3B9 <(G &E/dY B2 ;= B C 3$
lT+ ,G ;= 123() Ej ;0 a<2 M$!0 * &6(F 3,I"E< 8,6K [ . ;j() CG m(Y C L B Š * I C adY : 3$ 2 # Ej l- ,JF 13(fE * [
E0 * & 4 2 i!R= # I0 23 NB2 –E< ;TE C != &F,= M$!T6 ,6K $(D ;0 $K2&62 B2 4 B !D9 ;= ,) 8,69 # T C # = t * &E/b3 8B! «
) # ,E+( 4 l/R- .,= 4 ~ - {• ( . 3$ B ,A % $ # 562 !" * a<2 M&G9 7 : » () ;0 CG (Y m C [TG ,6K 4 9 # 6 ,6K 1$(D , CJ E0 C Š ()
0 Z ; CG Y Z m( C $K$ % _6 Z , # Z $!0 & 4 9 # Z $K$ 1$(D , % 6 CJ E0 C ) Š Z ( 0 Z $ ; # " ZZ XW) 23 82! * l CG -$ 4C j ZZZZ 23 1$(D 2! XW) * l
6 CJ -$ C Š « ) GB3 ;= e('(m,Q ;G,6 * 8, 4 >B$ .,= 4 |{ - || .(

3$ ^W) $3(G * a_< KB3 7 ) ;_EF ( B 62(: * 02 [ * & 2&= i(=!G 3$ 8 ;0 a<2 M&G9 123() : » <(G ;= &6B2&D B C SF $(G!b
,-3,0 ;J- B •,= N(ˆRG KB3 % 3B9 ,5= 23 $(D 4 J/d- KB3 ,G2 * a_< KB3 [ # 2&D M(@ % B a<2 () 3$ - 89 * 3,0 `
[TG 4 () ;6 B B 1!IQ ;6 B 1!/D$ B aG?“ E0 * B 1r ,Q3,@j # G B a6, * $ 8B3$ ;0 a6,J@ # () 32( &F,= « ) €B!D!d< 4
= .,= * l/I 4 ¦ B {• ( 4 /+ B C 3$ 89!: 2 # !f) $3(G [ # 8(j ;0 $32$ † # $(@ # 8, ,L3 23 ;_EF 123!HG # &6B2&D &6$!T6 a
K(= 23 ,@69 # $!0 ;E ) M!H= 4 Žz ( 4 'B C 3$ J- * 3$ $3(G [ 562 ;< * 7 ,- % @j ;6,Y3, CG ;0 &62(D 82() : » 3$ L 8,Gr69 * I C
3$ # T ZZ D 82$!Y,F,= ;_EF KB! Z G K2 $( * >&EY o32rG 8, G C aFsY 4 j ;= oB!F &6$(= ;E<!Y S62$!Y,F 8(j B * 8&
,- ;F(D % &6$!0 ,@69 8$3(D B >&EY . b ! # I * &E/dY B2 ;= 8, : 3,0 () 82$!Y,F % 23 CG 3$ ;0 &EE0 02 123() * 2!= 2& % KB3
a<2 M&F •EG ;_EF . 3$ B2 B $(G!b .2(A : 9 # /:B $B2$ ;0 23 ;\69 ,JF , C B •$(D ;0 # 562 &6$(= ;E<!Y S623, $2$ >,
3$ 62(]6 123() ZZ 2 M& # & 4 D ;= ;6("j ;0 Z 6, Z 2&D ; 8,6 B &6&F $32B ,- % &H) # M&F V 23 89 8$3(D ;T69 N,+ B &6$3(D
2!= l- ,- 8,6 % 2!= l- B B2 % # (= o(EJG S623, $ 9 B Š # 3$ , 2 M&62(]6 123() # 8,E-,0 ;0 & # ;T69 ,= $(@ 3$ 3$ ;_EF KB3
23 a_< 8(6,: e&HG &_WG CG &EETF !fHG 6 * Š&E/I « ) /G 4C l-$K2B$ .,= 4 { - z 4 V:!G 4 >B$ .,= 4 |~ - |œ 4 ,:(' 4 .,=
lRF 4 { - z .(

3$ 82!IQ ;E/D $3(G 4 3$ a<2 M&G9 123() : » != &6B2&D -2!=2 * adY M&F !-,• l : I= 2!) * 3B3,= 3, ,J6 # 3&Q B l ,- aG2 %
I= * G,J) B l-$ 32!: 3, C GK * 3¥ ;= B () ;= 23 8,WE0 [ # TXG ;= () a * &=2 a % l-$ .. . 3$ B 6 () 7=,HG * ,= r # M,"6 2!G &@L &
32$ 4% 2 [G &@L B # 3(0¥ !- () K2 &W= ;0 a<2 [ % K2 $(F ;E/D () >(: 4 B aF(Y Z“ ;dX != B2 # $(F M& 4 3(0¥ !- B
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ %(
;0 M&R6 ;E/D “ aF(Y Z ;dX != B2 # K2 VT69 &F,= M&R6 M& $(F •^HEG $(D >(: 4 K # a<2 ;/ITF 2!G &@L ;0 2! « ) !d<
Q * 2& # S 4 l-&d- .,= 4 z - {ž 4 < .,= C >3,@j B 4 {ž - {‘ ( . 'B C 3$ J- * 3$ M3,= [ 562 * !f) 7 # ;0 a<2 M&F † : » [G(G
W:2B C I0 C 6 * &F,= M&F ;E/D S6&= (™L 8?b ;0 aI 4 I0 ;TX= C &F,= M&F ;E/D S_X: ;0 a<2 . !F K2 !Y2 # Q aW * B! %
E0 C $32$ •K32 () ;E/D 4 K2 !Y2 ,G2 !< 89 x= * \ C 2 7yG # <2 [ F,= M&R6 ;E/D ?k2 ;0 a C « ) ;= e('(m,Q ;',<3
GB3 * 8, 4 >B$ .,= 4 |z B |¦ ( B » J-2 ;\69 * 8&F ;E/D $32$ a # 6 8&R6 , * aI 4 „,Q aL,c2 G!b K2 ;6p$ * a<2 &6B2&D [ «
) ^6!: ;= e('(m,Q NB2 ;',<3 * 8, 4 l/d- .,= 4 {¦ ( B » = * [ # 6,6( C B # $(@ % B M&F ;E/D B !=!= B # :!b M&R6 ;E/D , C 3$
Q * IG S * 6 † * aI « ) I'(0 ;= e('(m,Q ;',<3 * 8, 4 >B$ .,= 4 {Ž .(

3$ ,A % $ # L !" * I C J- ;= .,^D * 8,E-,0 [ # 2!A2 8,-2(D ;0 $(@ % = C : * 62(: i!F B & * &E/I- 123() [ CG (Y # & :
» ,-3$ ,JF % -,F$,Q C 6,J<9 C B3 ;= 23 % >$!G CG &E= # & 4 6 89 $32B 8,)$(D CJ (F # B & $ # 23 82!" K2 l- &= $B3B K,= 82
CG 32$ # & . = N,G * 23 8,6K M( CG WX= * 'B & C 2!= % m,J6 $(D C N(c 23 8,)K,J6 CG -$ * ,-,L$ B & % BK,= ;= M&F ;/I= # 23 8,/
!)3(^: ,-2$3 [G2$ B # !) [@Q 23 8,/ CG E0 * & . ,-3,= % "E< * != [ >$!G •B$ CG 32sY # 'B & C !q,+ 8,)$(D 6 * /I * 2!= & %
/+ ,@69 8$!0 &EX= C T) 23 8,//R"62 -$ 8, * & « ) /G 4C < .,= * l-$r 4 V:!G 4 .,= # l-$K, 4 ,:(' 4 .,= ,- % # = B l-$K, * l/I .(

* * *
J- 3$ ;T6,E\ _-sG [E< C # $(@ 4 <(G u]F ;/F(6 123() C != ("/dY e,<2 % B$ !d6 % ;/D,EF &6B2&D ,= B2 CG $(F 4
3$ ;T6,E\J- B _-sG [E< C IG * O * 562 a * 7 ,- % ,H+ M&EE0 VTWEG ;6,Y3,@j # H C L ;0 &E/I- * I C IG * 8,J<9 K2 †
3$ # a<2 ;/F2$ ab, 4 3$ 6 >?<2 8,@A * /E< 3(^= r C =,/0 89!: C ;/D,EF CG +B 13(f= 89 ;J- ;0 $(F C NK,6 &JOG !=
a<2 M&F . 2 ,= # ;J@E 4 82!"R-B˜Q $&W/G % 3$ ;0 B$ e&HG .,/0 ;< g',^G ;/FsY 8!: » +() * & % « 23 $ K2 # ,b!k M,Y&
JXL C &G ;= ,T)2 ,= B <,EF 8,/<,= ‚X/]G „32 C <,EF 8,=K B C <,EF M3(^<2 B C K32 # =, C &62 M$!0 4 != 2 # ;0 &63B,= [
!H) 123() ;T6,E\J- # 3$ ,_ c,<2 M&EE0 (YK,= $32(G ;J- * _-sG 8(/G B ! C )23() 7_:,G C a<2 4 562 ;T6,E\J- B * 3$ 7
I= * 3, % a<2 123() g',^G M&EE0 (YK,= $32(G K2 4 6 89!: * 3$ r I= * (G 3, 562 B 123() 1,A3&EG M&EE0 (YK,= $32 * a<2 7 4
3(^= # /+ ;T C L * 1?JA [ # m(YK,= 893$ ,@69 1,+?^k2 , C a<2 M&F . 2 ?yG # 9 [ # ;0 23 •2!L2 M3(< ; : » 9 ;T69 # ,G 1,
sT) 23 # 6 M23 aR@= ;= &EE0 g * K2 !/F ;T69 !"G &E=, $3s"= 8K(< ;JRj « ) •2!L2 4 ž• ( =,)K,= C 2 K2 # L ;/dY [ * I C 3$
2 56 * ;0 &62 M$!JF 7 : » ,JF ;= CG (Y # M23 K2 !/6,<9 8K(< ;JRj K2 !/F [/FsY ;0 l # [/b, # 2&D 1(TXG ;= &EJ)B!• t
a<2 « ) /G 4C l-$K(6 .,= 4 |ž ( 4 # 2 , # ;0 82!JL N9 M3(< ;XJA [ : » !- &6B2&D JRG &-2(]= ;0 23 ;0 Z $(D aJ+3 N(
CG 23 V0 !- B &E0 .2sL ;= &-2(]= ;0 l- CG &6,R0 « ) 82!JL N9 4 |Ž ( =,)K,= C K2 2 # 562 ;XJA [ * 7 ) 6 89 $(D ;0 * r K2
a<2 M&F ;/b!Y 123() ( : » K # <(G ;= &6B2&D ;0 2! C CG ,G!b # & : != !- = aJ+3 l-2(]= ;0 * != B >3B, ;0 l- V0!-
l/<!d= a'¥ l-2(]= « ) GB3 ;= N(<3 e('(m,Q ;',<3 * 8, 4 l@6 .,= 4 {z - {œ ( 4 B # 2 , # 23 M!H= M3(< ;XJA [ ;0 : » != N$
,- # R ZZ &ETb2 M$!Q 8, # •(Y!= B l ,- lRj B ,- # !@G 8,R $K # l « 32!T) % K2 2 # &A &@L ;XJA [ # ;0 & : » 2 # lRj 8,E ,- m C
J6 ;0 &632$ C = * •(Y B &EE ,- m C 6 ;0 &632$ CJ &6(EF « ) GB3 ;= N(<3 e('(m,Q ;',<3 * 8, 4 .,= # l-$K, 4 œ .(

K,“9 1?JA # (T) M3(< [ # ! 3$ ;0 89!: : » M,"69 F3(D ;0 * 3,) & # $(F t 4 &6$!Y •(G,D 8,Y3,/< ;0 M,"69 B « M3(< B
;0 3,^d62 : » &b,TR= 8,J<9 ;0 M,"69 4 &EE02!x= 8,Y3,/< ;0 M,"69 B « m(YK,= C 2 3,TF9 # L ;/dY [ * I C 3$ 562 * ;0 a<2 7 :
» 3$ 89 F3(D a:B * 3,) & # &F &-2(D t 4 = 8,Y3,/< B C &F &E-2(D B!b « ) /G 4C = .,= * >3,@j B aI 4 ž| 4 ,:(' 4 .,=
= * B aI >B$ 4 žŽ ( 4 6 B * 9 r # ,- ; % ,Q # 6, C b M3(< * ;0 7 : » != &6B2&D –E< 8,69 ,- % 5< * 623,= 8,J<9 K2 7 * & « m(YK,= C
2 # JA [ 1? 123() ;0 : » –E< &6B2&D M,"69 ,- m C != 8,J<9 K2 v3r= 623,= ,@69 * & « ) Ok * ;d # •F( 4 l-$ .,= 4 {{ ( .

3$ 9 13(f= &6B2&D K2 3,= ad- 89!: !b # a<2 M&F M$!= >,6 8,J<9 M&EE ) M!H= 4 |¦ 4 8(EG(G 4 {‘ 4 aXfb 4 {| 4 ›?c 4
{| 4 tXG 4 ~ 4 w(6 4 {z 4 ’,_6 4 {| ( . !H) # != 8,HHOG ;J- ,_ 2 # 2 ;0 &6!U6 [ # q!b [ * .,/0 K2 8,J<9 ad- ; ,- % ‚X/]G
123() ) Ey) !d< * ; 4 l-$ .,= 4 {ž 4 8,-,F$,Q NB2 .,/0 4 l/R- .,= 4 |‘ 4 G2rG * $B2$ ! 4 3(GrG l/R- B 7@j B &k 4 ž ( B
.,/0 K2 ,- % Id) * ! % 123() ;= ;/I=2B ) G,+ a= * •23& 4 G * Bp ›,y 4% M&T- 4 =3 C 8,),6 4 WF2 €B!L * , ( ;/b!Y M&F a<2 .
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) !*G2rG .,/0 4 3(GrG &k B < C l@6B 4 {Ž 4 ƒ(E+ NB2 .,/0 4 >(< B M,5EQ .,= 4 | 4 NB2 .,= 4 |¦ < .,= B C B >B$ 4
|{ 4 B!L WF2 € Z ,* 4 >B$ .,= 4 ~{ ( a<2 M&G9 13(k [*J@= ,E*L . 3$ $(JX) » ,6,F,- •B3 « ) NB2 .,= 4 | B {Ž ( r*6
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adY $!0 : r*j % &#&Q,6 ;0 23 CG >32&6 a<B$ $(F . 23 M,G o(Xc Vx< B &#$ 2&D [#2 adY % a<2 [G 4 'B C .B!“ ,=
2&D !Y2 ;0 adY 89 8$!0 % K2 &ET6 a#2&- 2!G [*/<23 $(= l-2(D 8,-2!JY M!GK . ;0 adY B &#$ 23 &*F3(D o(Xc VQ
T# [#2 C 2&D ,J/+ % !#K a<2 [G a<2 ;J- [#!/Y3r= ;0 2 4 'B C $!0 .B!“ ;0 &#$ l- 2!69 4 [G adY $(D >(: ;= M,"69
;= m,@E#2 C 2&D t#!F ,JF ;0 % 8,J<9 M&EE#!b9 ,- 32!: [*GK B CG 6 „!F M23 ;= B >32&6 $,H/L2 &*-$ CJ >B3 ) >,W62 4
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a<2 M&G9 .

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&62K(I6 23 l*-2!=2 TED B SG239 S#2!= B C = M2!J- ;= 9 C $3B « ) ’,*_62 4 Ž¦ ( . ;EOk [#2 4 3,TF9 e,_/:2 % .,/0 K2
N,*62$ 3$ ;0 a<2 123() $(@# 82(A ;< 7=,= M,F$,Q !fE'2 a]= 8,G!b ;= 89 % ;/D2&62 S)9 ;= CG 'B &6(F C ;/F!b
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CG ,5= 2!69 ,) $(F % &E/<!x= 2&D ) €B!D !d< 4 < .,= C >B$B ( 3$ !G,< ;',<(Y 13(f= 89!: % a<2 M&F M$!= >,6 :
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&EE0 aF2$$,# 23 B2 4 B % 6 CJ E]< `*- &62() C != _),0 ;TE#2 !"G $3B9 8,=K C 3$ 89 a_• M$,G9 &F,= ;/F2$ S#(D 3,E0
) › 4 {‘ .( P ;/F(6 ;= ;0 a<2 $(JX) K2 e,_/:2 aF2$!= [#2 tXG B$ 89 4 T# C T# B .(D C &= 4 EG(G !- C ;I*E0 K2 ;0 23
K,= CG -2!J- $$!Y CG C &EE0 ) 4;H*H+ {Ž 41(=(/0 4‚'2 4 {•ž 41,_F 4‚'2 4 {{¦ . 4 .( 3$ GK [*J- >B$ .,/0 ;E*
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2&D % &632&= ;q!L 3B2$ .

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8,T*6 a<2 4 62$ ;j () B C 0 P *XL ; 8( =,/0 ŠaI*j C &E-2(Y 89!= &6B2&D 8,=!HG ;0 a<2 .(/TG « ) 4[*dd^G {œ B {¦ (
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!= 8,J#2K $3$ B &F ¢3,L B2 3$ ;ER) B ;E<!Y 3(^E#2 B >$(= M$!G •,0 ;0 adY $(D ,= 6 8,=,*= CJ >&6,G . 'B C
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#$ 8K a<2(D ;= " ZZ 6K!b M2!J@= 23,< •! ZZZ K2 7*L,J<2 •$2K(6 & $(D $r6 CG 3$ &623 "E<!Y K2 8,=,*= C "ER) B Z C
CG B &',6 CG 3$ ;ER) B ;E<!Y B $(= M$!G •,0 ;0 &#(Y 6 8,=,*= CJ &6,G 4 'B C 2!= &6B2&D % 2 ;JRj B2 % [*GK K2
„23(D B&= B $3B9 8B!*= CG &6,<3 ) S#2&*Q !d< 4 lT#B aI*= .,= 4 {œ - {¦ .( 2!= ,G!D aD3$ 8&F lD Mr5WG %
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I*L 4C 3$ ;TX= !IJ- B l#!G !d< >,"E- B !fG ;= •$2K(6 &6K!b 3$ G ›,d)2 8,=,*= C &/b2 .

3$ l#!G M3(< [*J- 4 32$3,= a_<,EJ= % 6,/<2$ e&H'2 wB3 K2 l#!G C ,#!0K K2 % 3$ !_Jˆ*Q 3(^= ;0 a<2 M&G9 89!:
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E0 –63$ * 6 ,G ,) & * r <!= ,JF ;= * B l 7WRG 3(6 K2 ,- # (F &EG M!@= 8,/ # l 4 'B C Œ<,Q 8,62&= 8,EG(G CG &E-$ : ;6 4
$!YK,= # 2!= ,G &E6,G B & % @) 7WRG 8,)$(D * E0 ; * & . 3$ B 2 # G [ * 3,f+ 8, % G * , &Q 82!b,0 B 8,EG(G 8 # ;0 &G9 &-2(D &
B 8B3$ 3$ 8,EG(G 3$ 82!b,0 = * $(= &E-2(D 89 8B! « ) &+ # & 4 {| ( . 3$ J- * M3,= [ 4 3$ 562 * a<2 M&G9 7 :

» 3$ -,F$,Q KB3 89 C FB$ M$ 89 &E6,J= 8,J<9 * 2 Mr % $(= &-2(D 2!j ;0 ,- # Q ;= B &E/F2$!= 23 8,R * &E/b3 $,G2$ K,_R .
K2 [) ŸEQ 2 # $ [ 2!j ,62$ 82!/D ,- # ,= 23 8,R •!• ,- % &6$!= M2!J- [“B3 . 3$ $,G2$ 8(j D…) 8&G9 * "J- $!0 ! C
$!= 8,R=2(D 4 ;0 >,"E- 89 ,) I0 C 3$ 6 * G $,G2$ ;0 $K –6,= gF ;J C 9 # & 4 Q ;= * = B2 K,_R * m, * & . 2 ;0 82!/D$ # EF 23 [ * &6&
"J- C 2!j B &E/<,D!= ,- # 23 8,R 3$ &E/b!Y a<$ . ,6 82!/D$ &E/dY ,62$ 82!/D$ ;= 82$ : 2!j ,- % 3$ ,G •(G,D N,+
&E6&F 4 3&: % 23 8,)$(D [“B3 K2 -&= ,G ;= * & . 'B C &6$2$ .2(A ,@69 : ;6 4 2!= [“B3 % b,0 ;J- C 6 * aI 4 Q a<2 !/@= * S
B!= 8,Y&EFB!b # 2!= [“B3 B & % !]= 8,)$(D # & . /:B C &F $32B $,G2$ &E/b3 ,@69 ;0 . 62!/D$ C &6$(= M$,G9 ;0 ;= B2 ,=
<B!L VX5G C 3$ B &6&F $32B &F ;/I= . $ !/D$ ŸEQ 89 # !b &E/RY!= !" # &6$K $, : 2 % ,:9 4 3$ B3 ;= 23 % [0 K,= ,G ! ,G2
$2$ .2(A $,G2$ : 6 23 ,JF [G CJ l<,EF ! « ) /G 4C = .,= * l5EQB aI 4 { - {~ .(

,-3$ ;= i(=!G 123,F2 % 3$ ,@69 8,_@"6 tm?G B aR@= 89!: M3(< ;< ) &L3 4 |~ 4 ‰ 4 z• 4 !GK 4 ‘~ ( K2 e,_/:2
Xfb C K2 ;dF,TG # 3$ ,E+( 562 * ;0 a<2 7 3$ K2 89 {| XF3B2 MK2B3$ * B l a<2 ;/b3 []< ,@69 8,_-,"6 8,"/F!b : » B
m2&D M(TF ,= ;0 23 e&HG !@F ;/F!b M,"69 C !-2(A &E6,G $(D % ,@_62!Y CG RD3$ * $ ;0 $2$ 8,R6 [G ;= & # &EX= 32( %
K2B3$ M$K2B$ ,= != B aF2$ M 6,_@"6 ;/F!b M$K2B$ ,@69 C CG &6$!0 : 3B,D g6,5= MK2B3$ ;< 4 g6,5= MK2B3$ ;< .(EA
g6,A ;= MK2B3$ ;< 4 N,JF 4 !/D,= g6,5= MK2B3$ ;< « ) TG ;dF, # N(<3 ,E+( 4 = .,= * aI # lT 4 {{ - {~ .(

3(@• B N,A$ ;6,Ib2 B2 3$ H/IG ;0 8,Gr'2!D9 * 3$ ,J 'B M&R6 VTWEG 89!: C 3$ K,“9 8,J- K2 G?<2 12&H/WG C m,A C
<,<2 C a<2 ;/F2$ 4 3,TF9 e,_/:2 % 562 ;',<3 K2 * X C 6(',I) * T * 6 89 $(D ;0 a<2 8, * c,<2 8,/<2$ K2 e,_/:2 r * ! %
;/GB!Q # 6,6( C ;0 a<2 # $(@ # 3$ 8, R6,A aG(T+ 8,GK * 3&ET<2 8,E 3$ ^IXb * ,= [ &6$(= M&F ,EF9 89 . 3$ 562 * 3$ 7 2 # [
2 M&G9 M3,= ;0 a< : » ... 3$ B a:(69 ) Q * K2 S IG 3(@• * 3$ † 8,Gr'2!D9 ( !F $!G 89 # ! # EW C a0?- &6K!b ) 3$ ;0 562 * 7
K2 13(f= B2 Antechrist 4 I0 C Q ;0 * IG K2 S * G † C 9 # & 4 # a<2 M&F $, ( 3(@• CG &E0 4 3$ 2&D &_WG CG R6 * B &E
Ej * [ CG ,J6 # 2&D ;0 & a<2 4 ,G2 F 7JL ;= B2 3(@• * - ,= a<2 8,^ ! 9 B 1(: o(6 # !- ;= B B3$ gm,5L B 1, lI:
!b # /<3$,6 g C 2!= % 6,-2!JY C /<23 a_OG ;0 C sx6 23 # 1,56 ,) &E/b! # &E=, 4 B !< 89 = * & # E C $!0 &-2(D 7JL 8,E\J- ,)
L * I C B2 &6B2&D X5) ;= B &E0 „?- $(D 8,-$ Vd6 ;= 23 C (D 3(@• # $K,< $(=,623B2 S « ) N(<3 e('(m,Q >B$ ;',<3
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ %,
;= 6(',I) * T * 8, 4 >B$ .,= 4 ~ - {• ( . G?<2 12&H/WG C 2 # J@= 23 M3(^<2 [ * sQ 13(k [ # ,A ‡Hb B ;/b! % L * I C ;= 23
&@G % a<2 M$2$ 4 J@= B * 2 a@A [ # 3$ ‰(f]= M3(^<2 [ R) 8,@A * J-2 • * ‰,D a # ;/b, 4 3(^= # = ;T * ;Odk M$ K2 S
IX5G!:,= ?G 32(6p23,O= K2 C ) < &XA * l-$r ( $,+2 ;= # !G ‚X/]G £ Q w!F B N,A$ 3(@• ;= i(= * KB! % ,- % B2 .¥,0
f]) * a<2 M&F M$2$ u . 2 h_c # $,+2 [ # 3$ N,A$ £ K2 8,Gr'2!D9 ;XOG # $(@ # ,@dk2 ; 8 ) 3$ ;0 B t',IG t',JG
!]^k2 % K2 F M$!= >,6 8,/<$(@A 13(f= 89 a<2 M& ( # , K2 !@F % 3$ !< 8,<2!D != CG m2&D >?L2 B $32$ C CG &E0 4
'B C 3 7@j K2 VQ 3$ ;0 8,GK >,G2 a<&= KB ,Q # “ 8, * 2!_0 a_ % 3$ $(D 3(@• ;TG CG ;/R0 &E0 CG $(F .

D!= C $ g',^G K2 # 89!: !" 4 3$ l- 3$ l- B 123() 562 * 3 7 # &632$ ;R 4 &E6,G » b2!<23(k * 7 « = 3$ ;0 * ‚X/]G M3(< aI
a<2 M&F M3,F2 82&= 89!: . a<2 123() ;= i(=!G ;0 ,569 ,) 4 2 # [ » 3(k « 2(EW= ;6 ?c 8 # KB3 ; : * aG, ) Ej ;0 * KB3 [ %
3$ m,A 123() C $32&6 ( 4 3$ ;TX= B $32(G a_<,EG ;= ,- % ;/D2(6 8(Y,6(Y CG $(F : 3$ €B!D !d< ) l-$K(6 .,= 4 {Ž
B {¦ ( 2 # F [ * 3$ 3(x 3$ >,"E- # <(G ‡<() &6B2&D ;6,Y M$ w2('2 ab, 4C 3$ < M(0 * E , 2&f= 3$ CG 9 # 3$ B & ,56,J- # M(@
<(G ;= C 3(/<$ CG B$ ;0 &-$ F * 3(x 2 M!H6 % >(: 8&62(D2!b 3(UEG ;= # rL 8,G!b 3B&k B $(@ # $K,I= ,@69 aJ
) $2&L2!d< 4 l-$ .,= 4 { B | ( . 3$ .,/0 ,- % /L &@L ‚X/]G * F h * 3$ M,Y ,-3(x –EA >,"E- ) 32() >B$ .,/0 # 2 Œ # >, 4 .,=
< * l-$r 4 {| 4 _6 •F(- .,/0 4C l5EQ .,= 4 œ ( 4 3$ M,Y 6 l<2!G K,“9 * , # S ) 32() >B$ .,/0 # 2 Œ # >, 4 l5EQ .,= 4 {| 4
G2rG * $B2$! 4 l/R-B$(63(GrG 4 Ž ( 4 3$ M,Y 6,=!: l<2!G C # , (6 M,G N?- >?L2 # ,Q B K,“9 , # ^W) 8, * 7 < a_ ) ;_EF ( # ,
K,“9 ;/D2(6 (6 N,< CG $(F . 3$ .,/0 ,- B 3$ &A &@L 1p,<3 # & » b2!<23(k * 7 « 3$ -,G * D,/<3 a * r % k() $(D * ‚
CG $(F : 3$ 562 * /G 7 C L * I C 3$ ,Q # ,= 23 $(D 8,"/F!b 8,@A 8, F * 3(x % Ec!Q * [ CG 3,@j K2 23 8,EG(G ,) &/<!b
&E62(D2!b 8,@A ;F(Y ) /G 4C = .,= * >3,@jB aI 4 ~{ ( . 3$ ,- ;',<3 % &: e('(m,Q # V 4 b2!<23(k * D,/<3 7 * 8,Y$!G r
>?L2 23 CG &E0 ) /6!: ;= NB2 ;',<3 * 8, 4 l-$r6,Q .,= 4 žz| 4 = ;',<3 6(',I) ; * T * 8, 4 >3,@j .,= 4 {Ž ( 4 B 3$ ;dF,TG
# E+( ZZ , 4 3$ ;/F!b ad- F * -3(x ZZ , % $(D CG B &EG$ = ; )!) * != S)9 823,= g GK * [ CG 3$ B &63,= # _G 8(D ;= 23 , ZZ N&
CG /< B &EE0 ZZZ 2 M3, % G $B!b 8,J<9 K2 82K(< C 63B9 ZZ B & # K2 £X• t F3(D * B & Y3,/< B M,G ZZZ 3,) 23 8, # t CG EE0 B &
ŒXG ,- 23 2!= % B # GK 8$!0 82! * [ CG 3B!0 &k3,@j B &E/<!b 2!= 23 32(< % [/R0 # (I= 8,@A >$!G K2 £X• t % ,@69
;62B3 CG ,) &EE0 3,G$ $!Y(Y B $B$ B S)9 w?< ;= K2 3,YKB3 &63B9!= 8,69 ) ;dF,TG # ,E+( % N(<3 4 .,= ,- % B l/R-
l@6 .(

™W= C $ # !" K2 9 # /IG 13(f= 89!: 1, H * l # K2 , !c # 562 h * K2 7 /R)3K 8(/G C &62 M&F ;/b!Y 4 K2 ;0 ,@69 ;XJA CG 82()
K2 9 # ,- ; % !G &6B2&D •!L 8,_-,"6 tm?G ;= i(= 4 9 # i(=!G 1, KB3 ;= D,/<3 * r B BK2!) % .,I+ 4 B 9 # ; ,- % i(=!G
$!= >,6 i2!k 7Q ;= .

2!= 89 8,_@"6 tm?G B 2&D •!L o(q(G ;= % /I]6 * 3$ 3,= [ ,) 3 # 3$ g-2sG Œ 89 gA(J= ;0 a<2 M&F M3,F2 ,/<B2
3$ 2$rG23(-2 ,A # 6,J<9 M," C != $(D /]) C 3K # ,A [ % &Ex<,RG2 SF ;0 $32$ ) .!HG 8,"/F!b ( I= MB!Y B * 3, % K2
2 # 82$r ) 8,"/F!b ( 3$ 2!69 G * &62 ;/b!Y 8, ) ,),Y % < * l-$r 4 ¦ 4 &6B # $2& 4 l-$K(6 7fb 4 ~~ B ~Ž ( . 2 # (f) [ # ! 3$ ,-&W=
.,/0 =(c * , % 123() ) l-$K2B$ .,= 4 {z ( ;dF,TG .,/0 B # ,E+( % 3$ N(<3 562 * 2 ;/F!b ad- 13(f= 7 % 3$ ;0 !=2!=
,A &6B2&D a]) % &632$ ) ;dF,TG # ,E+( 4 NB2 .,= 4 ž 4 >(< .,= 4 { l5EQ .,=B 4 Ž ( a<2 M&F VTWEG .

3$ ;0 a<2 M&G9 $(D ;=(E= 89!: : » 3$ KB!69 23 tm?G $!Y2$!Y &6B2&D •!L -2(D C $ # _I) ;= ;0 & * ,Y$3B!Q † 3 (D # S
G R &E'(ˆ « ) !GK 4 ‘z ( 4 » Tm?G C != 23 &6B2&D •!L ;0 m,@69 B &632$ •B$ C 3$ ;0 Q * 8(G2! B 89 # _I) 2! * † CG (Y # &E «
) [G(G 4 ‘ ( 4 » B b2!<23(k 8(j * &G&= 7 4 K2 [) aR- 3,Y$3B!Q •!L tm?G != 2!) 2!Ok ;= B ab!Y &E-2(D •B$ %
$3B9 &E-2(D !ROG « ) ;:,+ 4 {‘ .(

9 # ,- ; % : KB3 ;= i(=!G * 6 N,JL2 S5E< B aG, * B t G$9 &= * 3$ 8, BK2!) % .,I+ 4 !H) # 8(/G ,= ;JX0 ;= ;JX0 ,_
/R)3K C 3$ J- * GK [ * &632$ a-,_F ;E . 3$ $ # >(< 1!TE ) 7fb ~z 4 |•¦ B ~{| ( E= B ZZZZ [R-& ) < 7fb C >2 4 Ž - ¦ ( B
2$ ZZ) $ 8,/I # E * t ) = 7fb * B aI >(< ( !f) # 3$ ;0 a<2 M&F † KB3 ,-3,0 .,I+ % 6 * &= B t B •B!< ‡<() 8,I0
3$ [F3 BK2!) % 5E< N&L * M& CG 3$ B $(F 2 # !/J0 ;6 S5E< [ # /<,0 B l0 [ C K B $(< ;= # 8,0,Q 8, # 823,T-,EY ,
>,562 CG Y * G ;6 B $! * 8,-,F$,Q 8, # H+ , * !)! # H+ [ * 82! C)B,d) ;/F2sY CG $(F 4 m(G MK2&62 ;= BK2!) B C p,= h+,6 ;= B
m,Q * 6 [ CJ $B3 ) G * $!D „(E 4 >B$ 4 {{• ( . 3$ J- * GK [ * 3$ ;E 3$ ;0 a<2 M&G9 89!: ,-3,0 .,I+ KB3 89 % 6 * B t &=
3$ 8,I0 BK2!) 5E< * M& CG '$!D ;62$ MK2&62 ;= B $(F C - h+ ;= * KB,5) VT\ % 6 13(k CJ Y * $! ) _62 * ’, 4 ž‘ ( » B 3$
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ %.
K2!) ;d0 ;0 V0!- a<2 h+ KB3 ;0 KB!69 B # "E< S * !) [ $(F 82!ID &F,= t_< •2 ;d0 ;T69 B $(F 3,"/<3 # &=, 4
3$ ;T6,E\J- Y&6K C 9 ;= # $(= M$!0 l/< ,G 1, « ) •2!L2 4 ‘ B œ B 6 * r 8(EG(G 4 {•| 4 3(F 4% {‘ 4 ;L3,: 4 Ž - ¦ ( .

9 # i2!k 7Q ;= i(=!G 1, ) O5'2 i2!k * l ( 3,TF9 e,_/:2 % j K2 * m,/<B2 7Q $(E C 3$ ;0 &E/I- - * -sG .,/0 ` _ C $ # !" %
K2 a<2 ;/b!6 []< 89 ) •2!L2 4 žŽ 4 # V 4 ŽŽ 4 1,b,k 4 || ( . K2 2 # /R@= w2B32 ;0 7Q [ C DKB$ B C K2 B3 % ;= 89
$(D 82$B,A M,"'rEG CG 3$ &6B3 ,-,),Y % B M,5EQ B lRF B 7@j # lT 4 # ,EI % $,/d- B # lT 4 &6B # l-$K(6 7fb $2&
fd/= * 7 # a<2 M&F $, .

D!= 8(J™G C $ # 9 K2 !" # ,- ; 4 K2 (6,G 8(/G % a<2 M&F ;/b!Y 4 9 &E6,G # 2 ; % 3$ ;0 .2r+2 M3(< K2 &JOG 89 » l),D
_E'2 ** [ « G,6 * a<2 M&F M& : » - 3&Q &JOG * \ * 6 ,JF 82&6K!b K2 t * aI 4 'B C Q * !_G, 2&D B _E'2 l),D ** [ ) } G P !@ Q * 82!_Jˆ (
a<2 « ) .2r+2 4 ž• ( . 2 # 62(EL 82(EL [ C 3$ ;0 a<2 G >(< 8!: * $? % # EW C 3,@j Q 8!: * K2 S 6,G ;= >?<2 C M&F M$2$
B $(= &W= K2 rA 89 3$ $ V0 ;= 89!: # !" % a<2 M&R6 M$2$ . E\J- * 9 [ # 2 ; % 3$ ;0 ’,I6 M3(< K2 L v!G 89 * I C 3$
p,= % Xk * !H) !U6 K2 a<2 M&F 3,T62 g # (6,G 12&H/WG K2 82!"R-B˜Q ;J- ,_ % a<2 M&F ;/b!Y : » m,@69 C ,G &E/dY ;0
L * I C IG * 6K!b † !G & # Q B l * 2&D!_G, /R0 23 * K &E/dY B3$ l # L ;0 2! * I C Xk ;= * R0 g * ;= ,@E) B &R6 ;/R0 B M&R6 M&
Ej 8,69 !U6 * <3 [ * & . m,@69 C rA ;0 2 # [ CG 3$ &632&EQ m,L$2 B &E-,_/F2 C CG != ;0 &EE0 /<3$ C ,@E) B &632&6 •(:B 89
32&EQ K2 % -2B C Q * B! % CG &EE0 . = 8,69 * L 8,J" * I C RT6 23 &E/ 4 != ;0 &6B2&D ;TX= 3,0 ;J- % B2 a<2 ,62() (< ;= 23 %
(D # $!= p,= S . « ) ’,I6 4 {z‘ ( 2 &F ;/dY ?_: ;T6,Ej # 0…) [ * H/IG & * ,J K2 6,G ;/dY C L ;0 a<2 M&G9 * I C 3$ !-(A
# 62$r C $(AB $(D % “ * ! $,G % 6 ;0 $(= CJ Xk ;= aI62() * R0 g * $(F M& 4 B p,= ;= ;T69 % Xk * $,G g',“ ab3 g % “ * !
k2 * $(= B2 7 . 2 # (6,G aF2$!= [ % '(k2 12&H/WG K2 ;0 C m9 * 6,G [ C 3,JR= CG 9 # B & ,= J<3 aF2$!= C X0 * ,I % '(),0 * t
3$ 2 # K2 a<2 —:,E/G M3,= [ K2 K,“9 8,J- X0 •!c * ,I % IG * O * L(6 a C » ;:&6K « HX) C 6 ,-&W= B &F * r 3$ 1,J0,OG
XL ;62!"=(0!< * (6,G ; # 82(EW= 8, # T C _0 lm2!AK2 * 32$!= M!@= $3(G 8,69 M! % ab!Y32!: .

&'2 VJF # HRG$ [ 4C Hb * !5- l/d- 8!: •B!WG ; 4% 3$ !-&'2 ;_]6 .,/0 &Ej $(D # 9 [ # $ ; # 3$ ;0 23 89!: !" K2 ,@69
"6,YB$ C 3,) # T C B m,EFB3 C B ;/b3 []< !b9 l',L # 3(6 $!_6 ;EOk SE B a<2 M&G9 .,I+ ;= aJX• 4 B E\J- * 9 [ # ), C
3$ ;0 23 ,@69 3(6 &6B2&D 8,J<9 ,- k() ,- B!b B!b B * a<2 M&F ‚ ) >,W62 4 { 4 3(6 4 ~z 4 M!H= 4 |z‘ 4 M&m,G 4 {Ž 4
-2!=2 * l 4 { B z 4 .2r+2 4 ž~ 4 &+ # & 4 ¦ 4 ›?c 4 {{ ( =,)K,= C ,- ;/F(6 K2 % (6,G % CG &62$ . I)&XY * Ej $(D ;=(E= !@ & # [
9 # $ ; # 23 89!: !" aF2$!= M&EE0 (YK,= ;0 ,- % 6,b!L C (6,G % <2 a ) =() ; 4 ¦ 4 ‚@0 4 {œ 4 &JOG 4 ž‘ ( K2 l@XG 8(/G
_-sG C (6,G % b!WG C G C &EE0 .

/+ C 3$ &JOG $(D 8,GK 4 6,I0 C 3$ &G # B ;E L&G ;TG C I= ;0 &6$(= 89 * 3, % K2 K2 89!: g',^G <3,b 8,JX< C ;/b!Y
a<2 M&F 4 2 B # ,F [ # 3$ ;W &+ % F * o( # 9 &G9 >Kp ;0 $(= ;/b, # 2 ; % 3$ sT) # $(F NK,6 89 g :

» ... CG 62$ * 2 ;0 l # 8,E CG (Y # !R= &E % 2 ;J- ;0 a<2 # ,@E 23 () ;= G C $K(G9 . 2 M3,F2 $3(G ;0 V0 89 8,=K ,G2 # 8,R
J5L a<2 C 3$ a<2 )3(k * fb 8,=K 89!: 8,=K ;T * =!L † C a<2 « ) 7O6 4 {•~ ( .

3$ K2 89!: L 8,=K * I C K2 VQ ;0 a<2 M&F ;/dY QB2 * !_G, $ # !" % &J+2 >,E= ) # T C K2 G,<2 C &JOG ( ;= &6B2&D g6,A K2
&G9&-2(D a',<3 : » ... L B * I C !G [= # adY l : 2 % E= C m2!<2 * 7 4 2&D M$,/<!b [G ,6,J- # l (I= % ,JF 4 -2(Y B C != >32$
/<3$ C )23() C 3$ ;0 >32$ a<$ 4 B 6 * ,JFr 13,R= 23 CG Q ;= l-$ * !_G, % K2 &W= ;0 &-2(D [G B &G9 a<2 &J+2 SG,6 «
) ‚k 4 Ž ( . 2 M&L % K2 2 >?<2 82!IdG # 9 [ # 2 M3,F2 23 ; % &= # 562 ;/F(6 [ * 7 # 3$ ;0 &62 ;/I62$ ,E+( L 8,=K K2 89 * I C
a<2 M&G9 : » ... B 3&Q K2 [G 6,J<9 C K2 VQ ;0 $!0 l-2(D aXšIG $(D 2!= [G % ,JF # 3B, $ # !" % ,) &/<!d= &=2
H+ wB3 13(f= * 3$ aH 3,E0 &F,= ,JF « ) # ,E+( 4 l-$3,@j .,= 4 {Ž B {‘ ( . 2 # ;JX0 [ » # 3B, « 3$ ;0 [/G # 6,6( C 562 * 7
# 13(f= ,E+( parakletos ) B •b2&G /RQ * 8,_ ( M&G9 4 B 3$ Id) * K23 w(/d'2(=2 ! % 89!: K2 ) ),dG * ˆ'2 † * g ( 13(f=
» X:3,b * ‡ « =!L C 6 2&W= B M&F ‡_q * J- ;= r * $ 7JL „?G 13(k [ # 32!: 89!: 82!IdG!" a<2 ;/b!Y 4 0&62 ,= C ˆ) ** ! 4
# EW C G2 ,= ? % periklutos 3$ 8,=K # 6,6( C EWG C 23 M$(/< B 32&G,6 ;0 $32$ CG () 2 >(@dG ,= •$2!G 2!69 8 » &J+2 «
3$ =!L 8,=K C _W) * $!0! .
D!= C J- K2 * 89!: 82!IdG [ F(0 * 3$ ,) &62 M& 6 123() * r )23,F2 C Q 3(@• ;= * !_G, = >?<2 * &E=, . 2 ?yG # .,/0 ;/F(6 [
WF2 * 23 , ;0 : » D!= * r # -!x< B & , % $(D 23 ',J= [“B3 * & 4 K # B!= a<2 M$(G!b [G ;= &6B2&D 2! B $ # ,) 3,JY!= 8,6,= M&
_= ;0 23 ;\69 * &EE0 >?L2 &EE 4 _= 23 8232(<!/F €(b B 8232(< p2 €(b 8(j B * ,JE= ;A() >,J) a:$ ;= M,"69 &EE # &E «
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ &/
) WF2 ;dF,TG * , % _6 4C = .,= * B aI # lT 4 Ž - ‘ ( 4 XL C !_^'2 [=3 [= % 3$ eB$!b Q ;JTO'2 * m("R C Q 3(@• * !_Jˆ p2
32(< ) L * I C ( Q B * !_Jˆ 32(<!/F ) &JOG ( a<2 ;/I62$ .

3$ $32(G % $ # !" 4 G,<2 C k,D C 3$ 6 123() 3$ 89 K2 7_: ;0 M&G9 89!: * a<2 M&G9 r 4 'B C 82&= i(=!G g',^G ,- ;\69 ,=
3$ XT= M&F !0¥ 123() C $32$ 1B,d) . 3$ ;0 8,G,- >,6 ?yG KB 89!: # b ! M&F ;/I62$ 8(L! ) [G(G 4 ~Ž ( 3$ G,6 7k2 C
KB ;= 123() ;0 a<2 # ! •3(RD2 ) ,RD # ,F3, ( a<2 M$2$ e3,Q M,F$,Q ) !/<2 .,/0 4 lRF .,= ( . 3$ ,A % $ # !G !" # 3$,G l
L * I C » !-2(D 8B3,- « G,6 * 3$ M&F M& )3(k * !G ;T # !-2(D l 3$ 8B3,- !G 123() # $ l # !" % <(G !-2(D ;0 a<2 C 6 * r
K2 123() B aI- 3$ B2 m2!<2 >(: 3sY ;= i(=!G 7fb * 3$ K2 7 # , % 3$ ƒ!< !A # a<2 M$!= >,6 !fG K2 aRYK,= 8,
) €B!D!d< 4 l-$r6,Q .,= 4 |• B |{ ( . 6 82!JL * r 3$ ;0 3&Q 89!: !G # l ) 3$,G L * I C ( M&F ;/I62$ ) !O) # l 4 {| ( 3$
3&Q 123() <(G C !G B 8B3,- B # J C L3$,G ;6 B a<2 ,@69 !-2(D ;0 a<2 * I C ) !d< €B!D 4 >B$ .,= 4 { 4 lRF .,= 4
|• 4 $2&L2!d< 4 = .,= * B aI lRF 4 z¦ 4 32() # 2 Œ # >, 4 l5EQ .,= 4 |¦ ( . 3$ 562 $(D * - ,- 7 * G,6 ` C !G 3&Q K2 # J C ;0
L3$,G * I C a<2 M&R6 M$!= a<2 .

J@= * 2 3(^E # KB K2 !fG 8(L!b ;0 o(q(G [ # $(D ! CG 2!= ;0 &-2(D % &EX= €!= B2 % ,) &E0 ,E= B % != &62(/= p,= 89
_= B $B3 * m2&D ;0 &E C <(G ;0 C ,L$2 CG 3$ ,W:2B &E0 $32$ $(AB ,569 # , ;6 4 ,= 2!-,• )23() ;6,Ib2 C 7=,= €!= ) 3$ ;0
&F M3,F2 82&= ;/FsY 1,Odk ( L2&) $3(G C 6,WG C a<2 ;/b!Y 89!: .

3$ $32(G % 6 * r 4 XG,0 1?JA C 2 ;6,Y2&A aF2$!= ,= 123() K2 % 3$ 2 M&F 7H6 89!: a< 4 3$ ?yG _62 M3(< * a<2 M&G9 ’,
;0 : » <(G ;= 23 123() C B 562 * L ;= 23 7 * I C $,/<!b # B l 3$ /F(6 89 * GK ¡32B ,G †',k 8,Y&E= ;0 l * &F &E-2(D [ «
) _62 * ’, 4 {•z ( 3$ )3(k * 3$ ;T (Y 123() # 2 M&E # 2&D ;6 B a<2 $B2$ $(D ;XJA [ : K # 23 $(D 8,<&HG &6B2&D 2! „!)
$(G!b &-2(]6 4 B GK ¡32B 8,O',k * &F &E-2(D [ « ) G2rG * ! 4 < .,= C l/d- B 4 |¦ ( .

G,<2 C .!HG tm?G : !D,/G M3B$ 123() ;6,"/d- tm?G K2 89!: 3$ 7*b2!<2 B 7*m,T*G «7*m!_A ) m!_A * 7 4 G * m,T * 7 4
3B2 # 7 4 m,b3 * 7 4 m(J< * 7 4 # b, * 7 4 0$K * 7 ( &62 M&F ;/b!Y . m!_A * 7 ) 3$ =!L 8,=K C ,EWG ;= % 2&D >$9 ( 3$ ) 6 123( * &E6,G r
Xk2 .!HG tXG 89!: C 62$ aJ< ;= ;0 a<2 B2 B a<2 * K2B!Q N, CG _W) ,) &E0 * .2(D ! ,- % ("= B&= 23 7=,= M,F$,Q # &
2!= % 2 # ,@69 B2 ;TE ;= 23 !_D M,F$,Q &-$ . OA w?^k2 * K2 l OA * 562 [ * 7 4 K2 eB$!b w?^k2 B $!Q # m,/<B2 V C ;/b!Y
a<2 M&F . 3$ ;0 1(TXG w?^k2 j ,A 3,@ % 3$ B M&G9 89!: =!L 8,=K C 62&X0 7k2 K2 a<2 e(6…G,6 C malkut ;/b!Y
3$ ;0 M&F !_L 8,=K % &_) # a<2 M&F 1(]XG ;= 7 .

3$ n ,WJA 89!: K2 ~• Q * !_Jˆ ) Q ŸEQ ;XJ5EG * !_G, >rW'2('B2 ( ;0 M&F M$!= >,6 |~ !d6 K2 Q ,@69 * B &E)23() 82!_G, ~ !d6
Q * 562 82!_G, * 7 ) L * I 4C # O * C B !0K # , ( B ž !d6 Q * .!L 82!_G, ) &JOG 4 $(- 4 †',k 4 WF * g ( 4 'B C K2 {Ž Q * !_G, # $(@
$ # !" % 3$ ;0 &62 M&F M$!= >,6 123() 4 Q ;XJ5EG * J@G 82!_J C WF2 &E6,G * ’, 4 :r+ * N, 4 # G! * , 4 B 62$ * 3$ N, !0¥ 89!: %
J= * 6 8, * a<2 M&G, . 3$ Q K2 ¢(L * !_Jˆ % 3$2 >,E= # Q 13(f= V * !_G, % &k # ;0 h &D B&= &6B2 G,HG C M$(G!b ,^L &EX=
) !G # l 4 zŽ 4 _62 * ’, 4 œz ( 3$ ;0 ;/b3 []< - * 6,J<9 .,/0 ` C B GK * E C $ # G,6 !" C K2 B2 a<2 M&R6 M$!= .

.................................................................................................................................. .........
>,6 ;0 3(^6,J- » # M(@ « 2&D % m2!<2 * 7 4 XL * !f) l“! # 2 ;0 123() † # 2!= ;0 $(= &6B2&D $(D [ % /I]6 * 3$ 23 $(D 3,= [
< M(0 * &= ,E # <(G ;= >,6 [ C b!WG C $!0 ) €B!D!d< 4 = .,= * l/I 4 | ( 3 # !_L ;R % $32&6 $(D •!c K2 B # $(@ # 6 8, * r
a<2 M&R6 •qB 4 >,6 » ©2 « 6 * /JG ;H=,< r G?<2 7_:,G & C B $32$ 3 # n ,b!k ;R =!L C $32&6 .
;0 &F ;/dY ?_: # 2&D >,6 M(@ % XOG C &G >(: # 3$ 8, 3,= # ',JF ;T C 3$ # , % B ƒ!< < .(EA * ;0 $(= ,E # $(@ # 2 K2 2!69 8, # [
$,= # R6 ; * 2&D 13(f= B &E/b!Y 8,E % >(: ‰,D # B &6$3B93$ $(@ 2&W= (6 # ,= 23 B2 i,_)32 ;H=,< 123() 8,Y&EI # ,) $(@
q!b 823B$ C -2!=2 * l # EW C Q N,< 32r- $B&+ * K2 S €B!D 823B$ # $(@ # K2 8, &6$!= gHL !fG . !HG 2 # 3(+ M(0 2&D [ # g
M$(= 4 2 B # -(0 8,J- [ C 3$ ;0 a<2 123() » &6B2&D M(0 « G,6 * a<2 M&F M& ) €B!D!d< 4 >(< .,= 4 { ( 4 B # ;= M(@
<(G C CG (Y # E= B () 8(j ;0 & C m2!<2 * = !fG K2 7 * B3 8B! # 2!G & != 2 # -2(D 1$,_L M(0 [ * $!0 & ) ,56,J- 4 {ž ( . ;JX0
# 3$ ;0 M(@ &: 8,=K # J C !_L % » l/I- [G « # , » l/I- ;0 l69 [G « EWG C CG &-$ 4 3$ !_L .2!L2 8B&= ‡D % # (@ YHW
;/F(6 CG $(F 4 D!= B C K2 =!L w?^k2 ;0 &6&H/WG 8,<,ER6,=K C G?<2 B C # ˆ) 7TF (-, ** ! # 2 ;/b, % K2 89 a<2 .

!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ &%
B M9('2 &E6,J- # 6 >?<2 ©2 123() M(@ * r ) ;0 |‘•| 3,= K2 B2 3$ 89!: # $, a<2 M&F ( 3 # 2 ;R % G?<2 7_:,G C + $32$ * / C
!•2 ‚'(G •B!WG 3,) # ;0 .!L Œ # <?0 !•2 t * P t 3$ 2 # GK [ * a<2 M&F ;/D,EF ;E 4 6 •$(D B * a<2 .!Lr 4 <!= 3$ C
(D 7fdG # 3$ S 2 # !0s) M3,= [ CG ;0 &-$ 2 # 3$ >,6 [ –E< &Ej 6,/<,= ;/F(6 C 3$ =(EA 8,/I=!L C B 6 * r 3$ /0 * 2 ;_ %
O' * 6, C Q l5EQ 8!: K2 * G K2 S * IG $? * † ) # Q 8!: M$K, * >?<2 K2 S ( 3$ B –E< ,- ;/F(6 % 3$ ,dk Q l5EQ 8!: * K2 S
3$ B >?<2 2 ;/F(6 % IG * O C =!L 8,=K ;= C Q NB2 8!: K2 * K2 S 3$ >?<2 3(< N,J5'2 >2 # TG ; n 23! 3$ B a<2 M&G9 $(D
6 ;TG * m2&D r C J- ;= * 3$ >,6 [ 2&D •J/5G # ,A ;_W0 8, % b2!F2 82&6,D ;0 a<2 ;/F2$ C !: # 3$ S ;TG ) K2 &JOG ;0 89
a<2 ;/<,D!= ( '(/G * B &62 M$(= 89 8, K2 J- * 3&Q ;0 a<2 a=,= [ a<2 ;/F2$ >,6 ©2&_L &JOG . I)&'(Y * 3$ !@ M3,F2
&= # !0s) £O= [ CG 0 &-$ MB!Y ; » ,dE+ « 3$ 8,/I=!L ) 3$ ;0 &Ej 89!: # 3,= [ K2 ,= 8,69 >2!/+2 # $, B M&F 6 3,=B$ * r
Q * 0 82B! * -2!=2 S * &62 M&F M&62(D l ( N,< ,- Q * L(6 $(AB ;= >?<2 3(@• K2 S C 2&D % ©2 23B2 ;0 &E/F2$ $,H/L2 &+2B
CG &6&62(D 4 B2 l- B CG (6 # rA ;_F N,JF .2!L2 ;0 &I # 8,/I=!L M! 3$ /<!Q a= 823B$ C m2&D 13(f= 23 ©2 C p2B 4
'B C 2&D ;6 % S/<!Q &+2B CG &6$!0 4 "62 B * 2 Mr # 3$ ©2 &W= ;0 [ !_02 >?<2 ) !/Y3r= # [ ( J- &F ;/D,EF * /G2 [ * K, % $(=
B2 ;0 != ,< # aF2$ 8,/= ! . K2 <,EF 8,=K !U6 C 3 K2 ©2 ;JX0 # N2 ;R El $ 1,H/RG ;0 a<2 M&F h/RG # f= 2!69 !" 13(
;@'2 Elaha 3$ !< # 6, C M9('2 B Eloah 3$ !_L % CG 82() # ab, .

-B!Y ,dE+ C 0&62 ;0 &6$(= C Q * K2 S 3$ >?<2 3(@• 2 MK,) g/TG ;TG % 3$ 23 GK * _-sG ;E C E= * != ;0 &6$,@6 $, ,Q # ;
2&D S/<!Q % &+2B % T/G ©2 >,E= C $(= 4 E= B * B >,6 ;= ;TG 8,<,EF!< K2 !d6 3,@j 89 8232s"6, ;:3 4 K # & 4 _L * ©2& B
&6$(= 8,JyL . 3$ 2 8,GK 8,J- # 2B3 ;= 8,E # ), C /E< C ;0 &6$3(D!= K2 p,J/+2 # $(@ # B $(= ;/b!Y ;JRj!< 8,/I=!L 8,
0,+ C 2 K2 # -2!=2 ;0 $(= [ * l 4 6 ;0 * , % 6 .!L >(: * M$(= r 4 3$ $(D aG,:2 >,"E- 3$ rA # ! § X_) ;= .!W'2 * ¬ # /<!Q ,/T C
J@= B ;/D2$!Q * 2 a@A [ E+ .!L 8,/<!Q a= •!c K * ‚ ) $K2 # ;/RY!= [ ( 2 K2 B ;/b!Y gH' # GK!< [ * $(= M&F $!c [ .
2 # 2 3,= [ # J- !d6 3,@j [ * E+ >,6 [ * 23 ‚ != m9 * B &6$,@6 $(D MK,) [ ¬X_) ;= # /<!Q,/T C &E/D2$!Q . G,"E- * $2!b2 ;T !: # S 4
'(/G ;0 * /E< 8, C 2 ,= &6$(= ;_W0 ;6,D # K2 M&L [ 3$ 3,YK,<,6 % &G93$ &6 4 K # ;0 2!+ M(0 ;= $(= ,@69 &F32 ;0 !JL [=&
/E< 3(^= C 7OG R6 ;F(Y * E C 3(^= B &F M&E-,EQ $(= # 3$ &62 ;/F(6 .!L 8,D3(G ;T J- * M,Y2Br62 [ ) 3,“ 2!+ ( ;0 $(=
2&_L [=&JOG © ,= $r6 K2 B2 # M3,=3$ B &F ,EF9 t # /<!Q ,/T C B ,= % fd/= * $!0 ("/dY 7 4 'B C K # Q N,< ŸEQ & * = K2 S ayW
aFsY3$ &JOG .

3$ # T C /I]6 K2 * 9 [ # +B 1, C !f) &JOG ;= M&F # ;0 a<2 M&F † : » B3 VQ % (I= 23 $(D % $ # E+ [ * 2 ;0 82$!"= ‚ # [
$ # E C 2!= 23 8,I62 &6B2&D ;0 a<2 % !b9 B aF!< 89 # ˆ) 23 &6B2&D SE ** 6 ! * aI « ) >B3 4 ~• ( . 3$ VQ 89 K2 aR-
$ $3(G # -2!=2 K2 !" * K2 B l $ # E+ [ * J@= ‚ * 13(k [ # a<2 M&F $, ) M!H= 4 {|¦ 4 82!JL N9 4 Ž• B œ¦ 4 >,W62 4 {Ž| 4
7O6 4 {|| 4 = * ;E 4 z 4 # V6( 4 {•z 4 Ÿ+ 4 ~{ ( . 9 # $&W/G 1, % 2!= M2(Y 89!: K2 # K,/JG a= ;0 &EE % Q K2 ©2 >,E= * K2 S
G,HG B a<2 M$(= M&F ;/D,EF 8,/I=!L3$ >?<2 C a= ›(b,G ,- % $ # a<2 ;/F2$ !" : » <!x= ,@69 K2 !Y2 C I0 ;j C
8,J<9 ,- B GK * !b9 23 [ # F3(D B & * B & 3$ 23 M,G ,A % $(D $2$32!: 4 adY &E-2(D Œ<,Q : ©2 . B <!x= !Y2 C I0 ;j C
823,= CG GK B &/<!b * M&6K 23 M$!G [ CG $2$ &E-2(D .2(A &E0 : ©2 . B3 KB!G2 2!j VQ % H+ K2 * ad CG Š&E62$!Y «
) 1(_TEL 4 Ž| B Ž~ ( . » K2 ,@69 GK e!x= * B [ 3$ ;\69 K2 a<2 89 I0 ;j 89 C j ;J- t',G B a<2 * ;J- M,EQ B 8,@A r
3$ 2 # 6$ [ * 0 , * ŠaI $2$ &E-2(D .2(A () ;= : ©2 . Ej ,= ;0 a<2 ;6("j VQ * $,H/L2 [ % K,= 6 &EQ l- CJ Y * 23 $(D B &6!
!b # g CG Š&E-$ « ) 8(EG(G 4 œŽ - ¦| ( .







!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ &&
12r5WG



.,/0 ,- % +() ;6,Y ;< * & % ITX0 * 8( ,- % _',A C &E)2r5WG o(6 K2 4 K # Q 2! * 2!= 82!_G, % m,Ey/<2 13&: 1,_•2 C 6 $(D * K,
,J6 ;= # 2 S # !c K2 13&: [ # &632$ M$,W'2 ›3,D h . » 32$$3(03 « 2 # m,J6 13&: [ C 562 89 N,_6&= B 123() * a<2 7 . : 89!
2 Mr5WG $(D % 6 w!^G 23 MK,) CJ &E0 4 'B C != G,J) C )2r5WG C 3$ ;0 562B 123() * M&G9 7 ;Ok a<2 CG $32sY .

!/Y3r= # 2 Mr5WG [ # .,/0 ;< !- [ 4 5WG ZZ Mr # F( Z R6,A 8(6 [= • * Z "EA [ C <(G C 3$ ;0 a<2 !A # –EA 8, ,- /: B ZZ 7
,- >,L % $(D 3$ GK!< * 8,WE0 [ 4 2!= % 2 # b,0 a:B ;TE C ^IXb 3,/R0 ;G2$2 3(UEG ;= * E * F3(D &F,= ;/F2$ 8, * 23 M,G B &
3$ K,= a0!+ K2 8,J<9 CG 32$ 2 B $ # G,"E- ,) ‚:() [ * ;T X0 * ^IXb 8,0$(0 B 8,6K B 82$!G ; * E C /+ B C B ,-B,Y
B ,-&Ed<(Y a0?- ;= ,@69 8,“p2 CG ;G2$2 &E<3 CG # &=, ) Ok * ;d # 8(6 [= •F( 4 l-$ .,= 4 {| B {~ ( . 2 N,_6$ ;= # [
'2 12r5WG ;XIX< ;= a=(6 Mr5WG * _6 e, C CG NK,6 8,J<9 K2 S)9 ;0 &<3 CG –E< B &E0 B B „,D /+ C ›&ED .9
23 7W= &_WG 8,E-,0 CG &62K(< ) 8,-,F$,Q NB2 .,/0 4 l-&d- .,= 4 ~œ - ž• ( 4 ?0 ,- !- 2!= gF B †_k # 8,J<9 K2 S
!= aF(Y B 8,6 # G 8, C &6$3B9 ) l-&d- .,= 4 Ž ( 4 3(R0 M,F$,Q ;= m2!<2 * 7 ) :3 * 3(R0 g # 2$(@ ( CG (Y # J= & * B B ! %
,5=,A CG G * $! 4 2$3 % 9 ;= 23 $(D 8$32 . CG 8$32 $B3 B &6K CG ,) &b,TF B2 B '2 * K2 •R &63s"= 89 ) >B$ .,/0
8,-,F$,Q 4 >B$ .,= 4 œ ( 4 3$ >,562!< B $,=$!Y 8B3$ % p,= 8,J<9 ;= CG $B3 ) ,56,J- 4 {{ ( . '2 [/b3 K2 &W= * ;= e,
8,J<9 4 '2 * '2 wB3 ;0 •R * 3$ e, B2 12r5WG a<2 M$!0 N(X+ SE) 23 ;G2$2 CG &-$ . B2 6 * r 2$3 % '2 * 23 e, 3$ ;0 a:B
B [/b3 % 8$32 $B3 ;= a<2 M$,/b2 SE) K2 8,J<9 ;= CG 2!69 B &6K CG &b,TF ) ,56,J- 4 {ž ( 4 2 M$!G % M&6K 23 CG &E0
) 8,-,F$,Q >B$ .,/0 4 >3,@j .,= 4 ~{ - ~‘ ( 4 /RG C 3$ $39 $ # – CG 3 # ,= B $r “ 23 !d6&k 89 2s CG K,= B &-$ 2s“ l-
:,= C CG &6,G ) ,56,J- 4 ž{ - žž ( 4 # &_) 23 [“B3 MK(0 t # MK(0 ,- M$ ;= 7 CG &E0 ) ,56,J- 4 { - ‘ ( 4 >(JIG B M$('9 .9
=9 a<$ 8,T) ,= 23 C 0,Q * F(6 B Mr * 6& C 3$ CG $3B9 ) 8,-,F$,Q >B$ .,/0 4 >(< .,= 4 {~ ( 4 = C 623,= ;T69 C 3,= # &F,= M&
# $2B t % m2!<2 v3r= * K2 !Q B2 a<&= 7 .9 CG ,) $(F # $(@ # ,-B,Y B 8, B K2 8,R62&Ed<(Y &EF(E= 89 ) ,56,J- 4 {‘ ( 4
B2 8,G!b ;= ;6,D$B3 .9 3$ 8(D –63 ;= G C 9 # m2!<2 8,EJF$ ,) & * !b 7 # &63(]= g ) ,56,J- 4 || ( 4 2s“ % 23 M&F &<,b
s' B l',< M3,=B$ # s CG &E0 ) >3,@j .,= 4 ~œ ( 4 G239 32$!< M3(D ¢!G C ,dF 23 CG 3$ B &-$ ;= 23 •$(D >?“ ¢(L
,j$ ‰!= 3 CG &E0 ) l5EQ .,= 4 {z ( 4 3$ .(j 13(f= 23 [-9 CG B3 &62(/= ,) $3B9 % ,= .9 # &/I ) lRF .,= 4 Ž - ‘ ( 4
m,- ;\= !IQ C 3$ ;0 23 3s"-3 K,= % CG B &EE0 &= # B2 8& !< ;0 % = C B $32$ (G % 7\0 !]IJ) ;= 23 CG >,6 ;= &EG,6
# aEW' M(@ CG 8,J- B &E0 B$ a:B = 7"EA K2 e!D * G 8B! C 9 # B &E B$ B 7@j !IQ 23 ;\= CG B &63$ CG &EWX= ) .,/0
8,-,F$,Q >B$ 4 >B$ .,= 4 |{ - |z ( 4 /:B C F$,Q ;0 ZZZ !@F >32 M, % '2 ;0 23 * 3$ •R 569 ZZZ M!k,OG a<2 [0,< , CG B &E0
M(0 ,- % ,- ;=232 B 8232(< K2 !@F •2!c2 % » R)9 * [ « B2 !Q CG '2 $(F * •R 3(0 23 M,ZZZZF$,Q 8,*-,x< >,J)
ZZZZ*G &ETZZZZ ) lRF .,= «,56,J- {‘ - {œ ( •R*'2 v!G K2 VQ $!G &IA % 23 3$ a<2 M$!G MK,) ;0 B2 3(Y CG 6K2&62 ZZZ &
6&= ;T69 —OJ= M$!G B ZZZ 82(]/<2 ;= S ,- % '2 * •R CG 6K $3(D ZZZZZZZZZZ M& G C != B $(F ,QB$ % D ZZ $( CG 2 # &/I
) ,56,J- 4 < .,= * l-$r 4 |• - |{ ( 4 W:(G C 3,]< ;0 l- # F$,Q g m2!<2 ;= 3(F9 M, * R' 7 " R0! C CG TXG &6B2&D &E0 C 23
CG ,) &/<!b » "EA 8,L,5F ;J- C B ,<B3 B 3$ ;0 23 8232$!< B$32 % &E0 „?- &E/I- B2 « 3,]< B # ,= g Y&EG!F C ;=
K,= $(D 3(R0 CG $$!Y ) 32() >B$ .,/0 # 2 Π# >, 4 < .,= C >B$B 4 |{ ( .
!


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*"BC ;< B[[< +3 #) )$% A)") A:+a" (r= |L< ;C fC9< §[a & B[C+P]C GD€ - R( T *+=V B=("BZ #+,[4" :" "#
:+C T@ +. )#") Bb9C J)+N% ;C GD€ (" )$Z 5b"$Z ”Qe .
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .,/0
!"#$ &'

* * *

,- 7*562 % mp,= &EX= a<!@b $(D ;=(6 ;= ;6,Y3,@j C )2r5WG K2 C 23 I*L ;0 C 3$ ,@E) 3$ M,G &Ej •!• ‚X/]G i,H6
™W= ;0 &62 M$!0 7H6 a<2 M$2$ >,562 7*m2!<2 C K2 ,@69 /F(6B3 C K2 123() 12r5WG 2 B &6 D!= C !"#$ K2 !*c,<2 •=,EG %
,# 2 ;6,Ib2 % $ # !" ,G # &62 ;/b!Y ; . L * I C ;= # $ K2 !TR' t # 3$ ;0 82( $ [) # 2 ;62( % 8,G!b &62 M$!0 ;6,D CG K2 ;0 &-$
€3,D ,569 B &6(F 3$ B$ 8&= 0(D 32r- C 3$ ;0 &6B!= &E'(ˆRG 2!j ;= ,569 4 3$ B /6 * „(D ;5 ,- $ # ;62( CG B &6(F
WJA ;/<$ C (< ;= % 3$ # , CG 3$ B &E=,/F ›!“ .9 CG &6(F ) /G 4C l/R- .,= 4 |œ - ~ž 4 V:!G 4 l5EQ .,= 4 | - {~ 4
,:(' 4 l/R- .,= 4 |Ž - ~¦ ( 4 6K C ?/_G N,< M$K2B$ ;0 % r#!6(D % B a<2 _*_c `*- C B2 8,G3$ 8,TG2 a<2 ;/F2&6 23
I*L ;G,A ;= a<$ C CG n 23(b B &6K r#!6(D % ‚:(/G B2 G C $(F ) /G 4C l@6 .,= 4 {œ - |{ ( 4 V:!G 4 l5EQ .,= 4 |z - ~ 4
,:(' 4 l/R- .,= 4 ž~ - ž‘ ( 4 !/D$ $(@# >,D,D t# M$!G % 8,G!b ;= » r*D!= « I*L C != CG M23 ;= B $r*D CG &/b2 ) /G 4C
l5EQ .,= 4 || - |Ž 4 V:!G 4 l5EQ .,= 4 ~z - ž| 4 ,:(' 4 l/R- .,= 4 žœ - zŽ ( 4 I*L C ,#3$ ;= % 8,G!b 8,b(c CG ;0 &-$
9 >239 ,#3$ B $(F >23 CG $(F ) /G 4C l/R- .,= 4 |~ - |‘ 4 V:!G 4 >3,@j .,= 4 ~z - ~{ 4 ,:(' 4 l/R- .,= 4 || - |z ( 4
B$ B 8,6 ‰!: ŸEQ -,G ;62$ C l*IH) !d6 32r- ŸEQ 8,*G 23 CG &E0 4 !*< ,@69 ;J- ;T#3(^= CG M$K2B$ l- K,= B &6(F
,- M$!D K2 &_< % -,G B 8,6 C :,= C CG &6,G ) /G 4C j .,= l-$3,@ 4 {~ - |{ 4 V:!G 4 lRF .,= 4 ~• - žž 4 ,:(' 4 l@6 .,= 4
{• - {‘ 4 ,E+(# 4 lRF .,= 4 { - {ž ( 4 3$ 6,b(c B t#3,) gF C B3 % M23 ,#3$ .9 CG $B3 ) /G 4C l-$3,@j .,= 4 || - |~ 4
V:!G 4 lRF .,= 4 žz - z{ 4 E+(# ZZZ , 4 lRF .,= 4 {z - |{ ( 4 J*= ZZZ W/G 823, ZZZ G2$ $& ZZZ ,_: [ % B2 VJ' 23 CG dF B &EE0 ZZ ,
CG &E=,# ) /G 4C l-$3,@j .,= 4 ~ž - ~Ž 4 V:!G 4 lRF .,= 4 z~ - zŽ ( 4 23 „,Q,6 wB3 !/D$ 8B3$ K2 6,6(# 8K t# C
8B!*= CG &E0 ) /G 4C l-$r6,Q .,= 4 |{ - |œ ( 4
!
$!G % !0 3$ aR"62 [/F2sY ,= 23 Np B B B2 •(Y != 8,-$ .9 [/D2&62
B3 % 2(EF S6,=K ,#(Y B CG &E0 ) V:!G 4 l/d- .,= 4 ~{ - ~‘ ( 4 m,E*= C 3(0 $!G % ,= 23 != $(D a<$ [/F2sY B2 8,JRj
B ;= % K,= CG &62$!Y ) V:!G 4 l/R- .,= 4 || - ~Ž ( 4 B2 8(#32(+ K2 [) ;< B % 23 3$ p,= % -(0 C <(G ,= &EX= C B
3$ e,*'2 G ("/dY C 3$ B &EE*= 8,J- !=2 >,"E- % != G ;#,< ,@69 C K2 B &ETb2 2&k 89 8B3$ % 23 &6B2&D CG &6(EF ;0
CG r#rL !IQ [#2 &#(Y &*-&= •(Y B2 ;= B a<2 [G ) /G 4C l-&d- .,= 4 { - {~ 4 V:!G 4 l@6 .,= 4 | - ‘ 4 ,:(' 4 l@6 .,= 4
|œ - ~Ž ( 4 !#!F wB3 ;= % 3$ ;0 2 ;\= !IQ 8B3$ % 2!#B B a<2 ;/b3 3$ S)9 B .9 CG 6,= $K2&62 – CG &6K : 2 % wB3
!0 B Np 4 B ,*= 8B!*= ;\= [#2 K2 ;= a:(\*- !"#$ (RG 7D2$ B2 4 G 8B!*= 8,6K M!W6 wB3 B C &#9 ) /G 4C l-&d- .,= 4
{ž - |{ 4 V:!G 4 l@6 .,= 4 {ž - |‘ 4 ,:(' 4 l@6 .,= 4 ~‘ - ž~ ( 4 2&Y % m,E*=,6 C 23 3$ ,*= [G N,_6&= ;TE#2 [/dY ,= ,O#32 4
,E*= CG &E0 ) /G 4C l/I*= 7fb 4 |¦ - ~ž 4 V:!G 4 l-$ 7fb 4 žŽ - z{ 4 ,:(' 4 l-&5- 7fb 4 ~z - ž~ ( 4 Y >,"E- "E<! C ;=
Y!= !Q !*562 aD3$ C != CG 'B $3(D C 3$ 8(j 2 M(*G 89 % 6 CJ [#!d6 aD3$ ;= &=,# CG B&= B &E0 CG !"#$ ;0 &#(Y
I0 C $3(D &-2(]6 () M(*G K2 4 tRD ;R#3 K2 aD3$ a:(6,J- B CG $(F ) /G 4C lT# B aI*= 7fb 4 {œ - {¦ 4 V:!G 4
l-$K,# 7fb 4 {| - {ž ( 4
"
3$ #2 $(D Mr5WG [#!/bB!WG $!G 32K,WX % ',-2 K2 C 23 ;#$(@# [*b&) B v!G K2 VQ KB3 3,@j
M&6K B2 CG 3(Y 8B3$ K2 B &E0 G 8B!*= C $3B9 ) ,E+(# 4 l-$K,# 7fb 4 ~œ - žž ( .

I*L 12r5WG C /+ C B2 v!G K2 &W= ;G2$2 r*6 CG &=,# . 3$ != B2 8$!x< 8,A ;UO' B3 % K,= ,-!_: g*Xk CG B &6(F
3,*I= % B3$ K2 [*<&HG K2 8B!*= ,@69 8 CG e&HJ'2 a*= $32B B &E#9 ) l*XF3B2 ( CG &6(F ) /G 4C B aI*= .,= l/d- 4 z|
B z~ ( . K2 VQ r*D,/<3 8,J<9 ;= $(Wk B 3(Y 8B3$ K2 4 B % 3$ 82$!Y,F 32&#$ ;= ;X*XA ) 8(#32(+ ( $(D CG ,= B $B3
("/dY ,@69 CG &E0 ) /G 4C B aI*= .,= l/R- 4 {Ž - |• 4 V:!G 4 l-$r6,F .,= 4 {ž - {œ 4 ,:(' 4 >3,@j B aI*= .,= 4 ~Ž -
ž¦ 4 ,E+(# 4 l/I*= .,= 4 {¦ - |~ ( 4 B != r*6 ;6,Y2&A !-,• ;*'&5G l#!G CG $(F ) /G 4C l/R- B aI*= .,= 4 ¦ - {• 4
V:!G 4 l-$r6,F .,= 4 ¦ - {{ 4 ,E+(# 4 l/I*= .,= 4 {{ - {œ ( 4 !*"*-,G 3() % B2 8,-2!J- B eB!^Q 3$ 23 ,#3$ % ;#!_c
3&H69 K2 -,G C !Q CG E0 m,62() ;0 & C B $32&6 $(D h#,: 7D2$ ;= 23 3() 8$!= eB!^Q ) 8(WJF ( m,@E) ;= C {z~ -,G C
&*k v3r= CG &E0 ) ,E+(# 4 lT# B aI*= .,= 4 ~ - {{ ( . ;J@E#2 ,= 4 /JI: ‡Hb ,@E#2 C I*L 12r5WG K2 C a<2 4 3$ 2!#K
;0 a<2 M&F †#!f) ,E+(# 7*562 : » I*L C !"#$ $&W/G 12r5WG % 3$ r*6 Y,F 3(™+ 3$ ;0 $2$ >,562 $(D 82$! .,/0 [#2
____________________________
! - #) " ^E= 4 A7¨?@ 6 - $= 4 “" AB[D - P@ ^ T „)$Z ;< 4 )$N & 5b" - :" 8 *+C: - D T ^E= T@ +c+E. *: *$\ ;< B[<
AB[[< 4 )$N & = - 5D - 8 - D T #) ¢ 5Q©@ }b+H (" 5b"$Z#) ;C :+‹V T C ( B3) ŽŽ ( ; & T@ $n 4 ;< B = 5b#) - 5D *+=
A)"$=+Z *"B=:9Y ) 4 )$N 4 *+ ( "# H - §b O +3 C - :"B[ p - R( T •"$a *: *$\ T@ " +C ;< B3) 4 §b ;C …t$[ +3 & ;=+Z
= - :" 7 +3 A)9Z & LNb *"B=:9Y ª"#$Z T T@ Bb# - 8 - D T +c+E. & (" "# T@ ™H 4 ŽŽ _% "# „~Z) ( )9 ŽŽ + T@ B]š .
)B?P@ *"9i]3(«H & )B?P@ & [\ ;< B=" AB% 9<™P@ G P%")9C T >,C T :9e *V +C …R+¬ 9,Y & #) ;< 5b"
DC - ŽŽŽŽ #+ & :" ) )#"$@ 4 #) 9i “" - ^ +3 & 8 ;C ;=+n#+N\ - D T 5b" AB% A)") 5QD= .
1 - #) ~R( C+4:#" T A7¨?@ 64" T@ Bb9H : "9C +4V & D-8 T 5%") A7¨?@ Œ+-Z ;< - r“" 5Z#) ;< )$Q= ~=+bV
š "9=V ;,[4" +. B[< #")#$Z9C A$-@ :" "# A+[i-C ¥B=+,]
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a<2 M&R6 ;/F(6 4 'B C a<2 2&D !IQ B 2&D †*IG B2 ;0 &#3B,*= 8,J#2 ,JF ,) &F ;/F(6 3&HE*J- « ) ,E+(# 4 l/I*= .,= 4
~• - ~{ ( .

562 •?D!= * 23 123() 12r5WG ;0 7 CG sQ # $! 4 562 12r5WG l- B 123() 12r5WG l- ;0 89!: B * 23 7 CG sQ # $! 4
6,+B3 * a # - $(@ * \ * L 12r5WG K2 t * I C sx6 Mr5WG 13(f= 23 # B$,A B !O< 2!69 ;TX= ;/b! CG &62$ . 3$ $(JX) ) FB&: * l
ž¦ 4 . ( L * I C !+,< % B$,A B !O< ;0 M&F ;/D,EF % !fG 82!+,< K2 23 $(D % a<2 ;/D(G9 . X"62 hHOG * I C
J<2 8()3(G * 3$ £ ;',<3 XO) * X C L 12r5WG M3,=3$ $(D * I 4C HL * (6 ;0 $32$ M& # 562 8,Y&EI * 2 ,- 7 # WG [ ;= ;0 23 12r5
L * I C &: 8(/G K2 M&F M$2$ a_I6 # J C 62&X0 C X=,= B C !fG ‰(f]= B % /+ B M$!0 e,_/:2 C 3$ $32(G % N(G!b ,- %
2 # &62 M$!= 3,T= 23 82!+,< [ 4 3$ ?yG 3,) # <,) Œ * )p ƒ3(G e(/ * E C ,T+ # !+,< ;0 a<2 M&F a % 3$ 3&ET<2 # ;= ; # 3, %
2&D % 9 Q * = $(D 8,-$ .9 ,= V * m,E C # ,6 t = * B&= 23 ,E 62$!YK,= * ,-,Q B & % A(XdG $!G C $3B93$ a0!+ ;= 23 . &_) # ;= .9 7
3$ ;0 .2!F 562 * 7 # ,E+( ) >B$ .,= 4 Ž - {• ( /I]6 13(f= * L Mr5WG [ * I C 2B3 # M&F a 4 2 Mr5WG % 3$ ;0 a<2
G * ¤('(/ % # $ ;= 8,6( # 6( * 2&D eBr % M&F M$2$ a_I6 .2!F B /+ C mrA * 2 1, # 2B3 [ # 562 a * <2 8,J- K2 7 ;/b!Y M3(^
a<2 M&F .

3$ b,q2 12r5WG 89!: C $ # !" % L ;= l- * I C 3$ ;0 M&F M$2$ a_I6 562 $(D * 7 ,- E]< C a<2 ;/b!6 ,@69 K2 4 _: K2 * 7
2 # L ;TE * I C 2 M&6!Q 7TF % 7Y B „,D K2 23 CG 8,A 2!69 &6B2&D MK,A2 ,= B $K,< CG &R]= ) 82!JL N9 4 ž¦ 4 M&m,G 4
{{• 4 !G # l 4 ~| ( # 2 , # L ;TE * I C 3$ •!+ >$!G ,= 82&EJ',< &E6,G M32(@Y CG &6K ) 82!JL N9 žŽ 4 M&m,G {{• 4 !G # l
|¦ B ~• ( 562 K2 M&6!Q Mr5WG * “ 7 * J<3 ! C e,J) ) >(< .,= 4 { - | ( B L 8$K •!+ Mr5WG * I C R_+ [/G K2 C
» L 12r5WG * I C « ) l-$K2B$ .,= 4 Ž|Ž ( a<2 M&F ;/b!Y .
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ND # B &[8U 3H,! 7$ 3 G /$ 8 ~‚‚~ D Y81 G K F2 * G 9K $w G !,- i # ;12 .&[ .& . 2 o^c2 O<12 # &+'! T C V G F8s-/$![-dI
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K.R. Kama: The Jewish Angeology and Demonology based upon Parsism,
London ¥883;
Ch. De Harlez: La Bible et l’Avesta, Paris ¥884;
A. Ferner: Zoroastrian Influences on the Religion Of Israel, Edinburgh, ¥89¥;
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Christlichen Apocalyptik, Leipzig ¥89¥;
L.H. Mills: Zoroaster and the Bible, New York, ¥894;
I. Aiken: The Avesta and the Bible, Washington, ¥897;
E. Stave: Uber den Einfluss des Parsismus auf das Judentum, Haarlem, ¥898;
E. Boklen: Die Verwandtschaft der judisch-Christlichen mit der Persischen
Eschatologie, Gottingen, ¥902;
H. Gunkel: Religionsgeschichtlichen Arbeiten sehr fruh schon Persischen
Einfluss in der Alttestamentlischen Eschatologie, Gottingen, ¥902;
L.H. Mills: Avestan eschatology compared with the Books of Daniel and
Revelations, Chicago, ¥908;
E. Albert: Die israelitisch-judische Auferstehungshoffunf in ihre Beziehung zum
Parsismus, Koningsberg, ¥9¥0;
L.H. Mills: Our own Rligion in Ancient Persia, Leipzig, ¥9¥3;
A. Bertholet: Zur frage des Verhaltnisses vom persischen und judischen
Auferstehungslauben, Leipzig, ¥9¥6;
L.H. Mills: Zoroastrism in Judaism, Boston, ¥9¥8;
M. Gater: Parsism in Judaism, Hastings Encyclopedia, ¥9¥9;
W.R. Alger: Resurrection and Immortality of the Soul in Zarathustra and
Judaism, Gotha, ¥920;
!"#$ %&'() %&*+() %,- .*/0 1$ 23!#3 456
!"#$ . &' %( "#$ !
E. Meyer: Geschichte des altertums, Ursprung und Anflage des Christentums,
Berlin, ¥92¥;
A. vin Gall: Basileia ton Theon, Bonn, ¥926;
F. Notscher: Altorientalische und Alttestamentlischer Auferstehungsglaube,
Wurzburg, ¥926;
J.H. Moulton: Zoroastrian Influence on Judaism, London, ¥926;
A. Marmorstein: Iranische und Judische Religion, Gottingen, ¥927;
A. Christensen: Essai sur la demonologie iranienne, Copenhague, ¥929;
A.V.W. Jackson & F.J. Foaks: The Influence of Iran upon early Judaism and
Christianity, Oxford, ¥933;
R. Otto: Reich Gottes und Menschensohn, Stuttgart, ¥933;
P. Volz: Uber den eschatologischen glauben in Alten Testamen jeden
Persischen Einfluss, Stuttgart, ¥935;
Ch. Autran: Zoroastre et la prehistoire aruenne du Christianisme, Paris, ¥935;
H.S. Nyberg: Die Religionen des alten Iran, Leipzig, ¥938;
H.H. Schaeder: Parsismus ind Judentum, Wiesbaden, ¥938;
R. Meyer: Eine Untersuschung uber die Beziehungen zwischen Parsismus und
Judentum, Bonn, ¥956;
J. Duchesne-Guillemin: The Weetern Response to Zoroaster, Oxford, ¥958;
U. Bianchi: Il dualismo religioso, Rome, ¥956;
A. Bausani: La Persai religiosa, Torino, ¥959;
J.P. Asmussen: Das Christentum und sein Verhaltnis zum Zoroastrianismus,
Stockholm, ¥96¥;
M. Leroy: Zarathustra et nous, Bruxelles, ¥963;
F. Koning: Zarathustras Jenseitsvorstellungen und das Alte Testament, Wien,
¥964;
G. Widengren: Die Religionen Irans, Stuttgart, ¥965;
R.N. Frye: Zoroastriiskie predstalveniya o bessamertii Duschii, Moscou, ¥967;
Gikvo Ito: Zoroaster shuhen-ron, Kyoto, ¥967
F. Konig: L’influence de Zoroastre dans le monde, Le Caire, ¥970;
J.H. Hinnels: Zoroastruan Inflence on the New Testament, Leyden, ¥973;
E.M. Yamamucho: The Apocalypse of Adam, Mithraism and prechristian
Gnosticism, Tokyo y Leyeden, ¥974;
J. Harmatta: A Biblia es Iran, Budapest, ¥977;
S. Shaked: Iranian Inflence on Judaism, Cambridge, ¥978 & Jerusalem ¥979;











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ﺮﮕﻳد یﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ
ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ٢ زا ٣۴ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ




رد ﺗﺎﺤﻔﺻ ﯽ ﺷﻮﮐ ﺖﺷﺬﮔ ﻪﮐ ﻴ ﺋﺎﺠﻧﺁ ﺎﺗ مﺪ ﯽ دوﺪﺤﻣ ﻪﮐ ﻳ ﻩزﺎﺟا بﺎﺘﮐ ﺖ ﯽﻣ رادﻮﻤﻧ ،ﺪهد ی ﻠﮐ ﯽ زا سﺪﻘﻣ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻪﺳ نﻮﺘﻣ
ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ار رد ﻣز ﻴ ﻨﺑ ﻞﺋﺎﺴﻣ ﻪﻨ ﻴ دﺎ ی ﺑ ،ﻢﻨﮐ ﻞﻘﻧ ﯽ ﺮﻈﻧ رﺎﻬﻇا ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻩرﺎﺑرد ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻪﮑﻧﺁ ی ﻢﺷﺎﺑ ﻩدﺮﮐ . د ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ر
ﺁ تﺎﺤﻔﺻ ﻳ هاﻮﺧ ﻩﺪﻨ ﻴ رادﻮﻤﻧ ﺪﻧاﻮﺧ ﺪ ی ﺮﺑ ،ﺎهﺮﻈﻧ رﺎﻬﻇا زا ر ﺳ ﯽ ﺘﻧ و ﺎه ﻴ ﮔ ﻪﺠ ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺎه ی ﺪﻧا و ناﺮﮕﺸهوﮋﭘ ﻳ و ناﺪﻨﻤﺸ
رد بﺮﻏ نﺎﻬﺟ نﺎﺧرﻮﻣ ﺎﺑ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﻤه ﻴ ﻪﻟﺎﺳر و ﻪﻟﺎﻘﻣ و بﺎﺘﮐ ناراﺰه ترﻮﺼﺑ نﻮﻨﮐا ﻢه ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻞﺻﺎﺣ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا نﻮﺘﻣ ﻦ
ﻘﺤﺗ ﻴ ﻘ ﯽ رد دراد راﺮﻗ مﻮﻤﻋ سﺮﺘﺳد . ِ ﻪﻤه هاﻮﺧ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻴ ﺪﻧاﻮﺧ ﺪ زا ﻘﻘﺤﻣ ﻴ ا ﻪﺘﺴﺟﺮﺑ ﻦ ی ﻩﺪﺷ ﻞﻘﻧ ﺘﺳﺮﻬﻓ ﻦﻣ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﯽ زا
ﻣﺎﺳا ﯽ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ و بﺎﺘﮐ تﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ ﺎه ﻳ ار نﺎﺸﺗﻻﺎﻘﻣ ﺎ رد ﺎﺑ طﺎﺒﺗرا ﺮه ﻳ زا ﮏ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ بﺎﺘﮐ لﻮﺼﻓ رد ﺎﭘ ﻳ ا نﺎ ﻳ ما ﻩدروﺁ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻦ ،
ﻟو ﯽ اﺮﺑ ی ا ﻳ ار نﺎﮔﺪﻨﻧاﻮﺧ ﻪﺟﻮﺗ ﻪﮑﻨ زا ﺟﺮﺗ ﻢﺷﺎﺑ ﻩدﺮﮑﻧ فﺮﺤﻨﻣ ﻞﺻا ﻴ زا ما ﻩداد ﺢ ا ﻪﻧﺎﮔاﺪﺟ ﺮﮐذ ﻳ رد تﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ ﻦ
ز ﻳ ﻮﻧﺮ ﻳ ﺮه ﺲ رادﻮﺧ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ی ﻢﻨﮐ . ﺎﺷ ﻳ ﻧ ﺪ ﻴ زﺎ ی ﺪﺑ ﻳ ِ ﻩرﺎﻤﺷ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺒﻧ ﺮﮐﺬﺗ ﻦ بﺎﺘﮐ ﺎه ﺗﻻﺎﻘﻣ و ﯽ رد ﻪﮐ ا لﻮﻃ ﻳ نﺮﻗ ﻪﺳ ﻦ
رد ﻣز ﻴ ﺘﺳﺮﻬﻓ ﺮﺑاﺮﺑ ﺎهﺪﺻ ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ ﺚﺤﺑ درﻮﻣ ﺐﻟﺎﻄﻣ ﻪﻨ ﯽ رد ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﺎﭘ ﻳ ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ بﺎﺘﮐ نﺎ ، ﻦﻣ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ و
رﺎﺛﺁ تﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ و ﺖﺳﺮﻬﻓ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ما ﻩدﺮﮐ ﻞﻘﻧ ی درﻮﻣ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ راﺮﻗ ﻦﻣ دﻮﺧ ﻪﻌﺟاﺮﻣ .

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ﺪﻧا ﻳ ترﺪﻗ دﻮﺟو ﻪﺸ ﺎه ﺋ ﯽ ﭘﺎﻧ ﻴ ﻟو اﺪ ﯽ ﻧ ﻴ ﺮﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻣوﺮ ﮔﺪﻧز ﺪﻧور ﯽ ﺖﻣﻮﮑﺣ و ترﺎﻈﻧ ﺮﺸﺑ ﻩﺮﻣزور ﯽﻣ و ،ﺪﻨﻨﮐ رد لﻮﻃ
ﺎﻣ نﺎﻣز ﻳ ﭘ ﻪ ﻴ اﺪ ﻳ ﻃﺎﺳا ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺶ ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺣﻮﺗ اﺪﻌﺑ و ﻴ ﺪ ی زا ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﻤﺸﭼﺮﺳ ﺎﺠﮐ ﯽﻣ ﮔ ﻴ ﻧاواﺮﻓ ناﺮﮕﺸهوﮋﭘ ؟دﺮ ﯽ
رد ود نﺮﻗ ﻪﺳ ﺷﻮﮐ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ﻴ ﺎﺗ ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪ اﺮﺑ ی ا ﻳ ﻦ ﻟﻮﺒﻗ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﺶﺳﺮﭘ ﯽ ﺑ ﻴ ﺎﺷ ﻪﮐ ،ﺪﻨﺑﺎ ﻳ ﺿﺮﻓ ﺪ ﻴ ز ﻪ ﻳ ﺮ ﻳ ﮑ ﯽ ﺑ ﻊﻗاو زا ﻴ ﺮﺗ ﻪﻧﺎﻨ ﻳ ﻦ
ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ :

» ﺮﺘﻤﻬﻣ ﻻﺎﻤﺘﺣا ﻳ ﻠﻣﺎﻋ ﻦ ﯽ ار ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷﺎﻧ زا سﺮﺗ ﺖﺳا ﻩدروﺁ دﻮﺟﻮﺑ . ﺋاﺪﺘﺑا ﺮﺸﺑ سﺮﺗ ﯽ زا ﻧ ﻴ ﺎهوﺮ ی
ﺒﻃ رﺪﺘﻘﻣ ﻴ وا ﻪﮐ ﺖﻌ ار رد ﻣ ﻴ ﺮﺗ ،ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ نﺎ ﭘ ﺮﺸﺑ س ﻴ ﺮﺗ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﺸ زا اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﻧﺎ ﯽ ا ﻪﮐ ﻳ ﻧ ﻦ ﻴ ار ﺎهوﺮ رد ﺘﺧا ﻴ دﻮﺧ رﺎ
ﭘ ﻢهزﺎﺑ ﺮﺸﺑ سﺮﺗ و ،ﺪﻨﺘﺷاد ﻴ ﺮﺗ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﺸ زا اﺪﺧ ی ﺪﺣاو ی ﺮﺑ ﻪﮐ ا عﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﻳ ﻧ ﻦ ﻴ ﺖﻣﻮﮑﺣ ﺎهوﺮ ﯽﻣ دﺮﮐ . نﺎﻧﺁ ﻪﻤه ﺶﻨﮐاو
رد ا ﻳ ﻣﻮﺑ ﺶﻨﮐاو ،ﺎﺘﺳار ﻦ ﻴ ﺰﮑﻣ نﺎ ﻳ و ﮏ وﺮﭘ رد ﺮﻣﺁ ﻩرﺎﻗ ﻒﺸﮐ مﺎﮕﻨه ﻳ ﺎﺸﮕﻧﺎﻬﺟ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ﺎﮑ ﻳ ﻧﺎﭙﺳا نﺎ ﻴ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ نﻮﭼ
ﺮﺑ راﻮﺳ ار ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺐﺳا ﺎه ﺋ ﯽ د ﻳ ه ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﺪ ﻴ ﺪﻧ ﺖﻗﻮﭽ ﻳ زا و ،ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻩﺪ ﺎه ﻪﻟﻮﻟ ی رﺎﺒﺸﺗﺁ پﻮﺗ ﺎه ی ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺋاﺪﺻ ﯽ ﺎﺳﺁ ﺪﻋر
ﻨﺷ ﻴ ه ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﺪ ﻴ ﻨﺸﻧ ﺖﻗو ﭻ ﻴ دﺮﺗ ،ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻩﺪ ﻳ ﺪ ی رد ا ﻳ ﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧدﺮﮑﻧ ﻦ اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﻧﺎ ﯽ وﺮﺑور رﺪﺘﻘﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺪ ار ﺘﺳﺮﭘ ﻴ ﺪ .
ﻨﮑﻧ شﻮﻣاﺮﻓ ﻴ ا ﻪﮐ ﻢ ﻳ هاﺬﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﺶﻨﮐاو ﻦ ﻟوا ﺐ ﻴ ﻧ طﻮﺑﺮﻣ ﻪ ﯽﻤ ز ،ﺪﺷ ﻳ ﺴﻣ ﻼﻤﻋ ﻪﮐ اﺮ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ و ﺖ ﻧ مﻼﺳا ﻴ ﮔ ﻞﮑﺷ ﺰ ﻴ ﺮ ی
ﺎﺗ ار دﻮﺧ ﺴﺑ ﺪﺣ ﻴ رﺎ ی ﺪﻣ ﻳ ﺮﺼﻋ نﺪﻤﺘﻣ مدﺮﻣ ساﺮه نﻮ زا زا ﺪﻌﺑ خزود زﺎﺗ و باﺬﻋ ﮏﺋﻼﻣ و نازﻮﺳ ﺶﺗﺁ و گﺮﻣ ﻳ ﻪﻧﺎ
بﺮﻘﻋ و ﺎهرﺎﻣ و ﺎه ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ نﺎﺷﻮﺟ بﺁ و . ﻨﭼ ﻴ ﺘﺷادﺮﺑ ﻦ ﯽ ً ﺎﻌﺒﻃ ﺴﺑ ﻪﺑ ﻴ رﺎ ی زا » اﺮﭼ « ﺋﺎه ﯽ ﺎﭼﺎﻧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﮐ حﺮﻄﻣ ر ﯽﻣ ﺪﺷ
و ا ﻩﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﻊﻧﺎﻗ باﻮﺟ زﻮﻨه ی اﺮﺑ ی ﺦﺳﺎﭘ ﺖﺷاﺪﻧ دﻮﺟو ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﯽﻣ داد . ﺪﺑ ﻳ ﺗﺮﺗ ﻦ ﻴ رد ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﺐ ﺮه ﺲﭘ ﻳ ﺮﺻﺎﻨﻋ زا ﮏ
ﺒﻃ ﻴ ا ﻩﺪﻨﻧادﺮﮔ ﺖﻌ ی ﭘﺎﻧ ﻴ ﺎﺟ اﺪ ی ﺪﺷ ﻩداد : اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﻧﺎ ﯽ ﺷرﻮﺧ ﻴ و ﺪ ار ﻩﺎﻣ ﻣ ﺖﮐﺮﺣ ﻪﺑ ﯽ اﺪﺧ ،ﺪﻧدروﺁ ﻳ د نﺎ ﻳ ﺮﮕ ی و تﻼﻏ ﻣ ﻴ ﺎه ﻩﻮ
ار ﯽﻣ اﺪﺧ ،ﺪﻧﺪﻧﺎﺳر ﻳ ﻧﺎ ﯽ ﻧ ﻴ و ﺪﻋر ﺰ ﺎﺻ ﻪﻘﻋ ﯽﻣ ﺪﻧدﺎﺘﺳﺮﻓ ، رد ا ﻪﻤه ﻪﮑﻧﺁ رﺎﻈﺘﻧا ﻳ ز دﻮﺧ ﻪﺑﻮﻧ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻬﻨ ﻳ ﺮ اﺪﺧ نﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻳ نﺎ
ﺮﺗرﺪﺘﻘﻣ ی راﺮﻗ ﮔ ﻴ ﺷرﻮﺧ ﻢه ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧﺮ ﻴ ار ﺪ ﯽﻣ ﺪﻨﻧادﺮﮔ ، ار کﺎﺗ و مﺪﻨﮔ ﻢه ﯽﻣ ور ﻳ ﻪﻘﻋﺎﺻ و ﺪﻋر ﻢه ،ﺪﻨﻧﺎ ﯽﻣ ﺪﻨﺘﺳﺮﻓ «
) وﺎﺘﺳﻮﮔ نﻮﺑﻮﻟ : ﮔﺪﻧز ﯽ ﺎﻘﺣ ﻳ ﻖ .(

ﺎﺑ ﻪﮑﻧﺁ رد اﺪﺧ ﻠﮐ ﺖﺷادﺮﺑ ﯽ ﺋاﺪﺧ ﺎﻣ ﯽ ﺖﺳا ﺮﮐﺬﻣ ، ﺷﺎﻘﻧ و و نﺎ ﻧ نازﺎﺳ ﻪﻤﺴﺠﻣ ﻴ ﺰ وا ار ﺎﺑ ﻩراﻮﻤه ر ﻳ ﮔ و ﺶ ﻴ ﻮﺴ ی
ﭙﺳ ﻴ اﺪﺧ ،ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻢﺴﺠﻣ ﺪ ﻳ ﻟوا نﺎ ﻴ ﺮﻘﺗ ﻪ ﻳ ﮕﻤه ﺎﺒ ﯽ اﺪﺧ ﻳ ز ،ﺪﻧا ﻩدﻮﺑ نز نﺎ ﻳ ﻗﻼﺧ اﺮ ﻴ رورﺎﺑ و ﺖ ی رد رد ﻪﻧ و نﺎﻧﺁ نادﺮﻣ
ﻠﺠﺗ ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﻳ ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﻓﺎ . ﭘ ﺎهﺪﺻ ﻴ رﺎﺗ ﻞﺒﻗﺎﻣ ﻩﺮﮑ ﻳ ﺨ ﯽ ناﻮﺨﺘﺳا زا ﻪﮐ ﻳ جﺎﻋ ﺎ ﻳ ﺷاﺮﺗ ﮓﻨﺳ ﻩﻮﻠﻗ ﺎ ﻴ رد ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺪ ﺮﻗ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ن
ﻧﻮﻨﮐ نﺮﻗ و ﯽ رد ﺣاﻮﻧ ﯽ روﺎﻨﻬﭘ ی زا ﺳ ﻴ ﺮﺒ ی روﺎﺧ ی ﺎﭘورا ﺎﺗ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ی ﻟﺎﻤﺷ ﯽ ﺪﻨﻠﺗﺎﮑﺳا و ﻧﺎﭙﺳا و ﻴ ﻪﻘﻄﻨﻣ و ﻪﺴﻧاﺮﻓ و ﺎ
نﺎﺘﺳرﺎﻐﻠﺑ و بﻮﻧاد و ﺎﺳ ﯽﻧدر و روﺎﺧ و ﺖﻟﺎﻣ دﺰﻧ ﻳ ﻟﻮﺗﺎﻧﺁ و ﮏ ﯽ ﺮﻓا و ﻳ ﭼ و ﺎﻘ ﻴ ﺰﻧوﺪﻧا و ﻦ ی ﺮﻘﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﻳ ﺎﺒ
زا ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻪﻤه ﻪﺑ ﺐﻘﻟ نﺎﺳﺎﻨﺷ نﺎﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﺐﻧﺎﺟ سﻮﻧو ) و سﻮﻧو ﻳ گﻮﭙﺴﻟ سﻮﻧو ،فﺪﻨﻠ ، رﺎﮔﺎﮔ سﻮﻧو ﻳ ﮐ سﻮﻧو ،ﻮﻨ ﻴ ﺎﺴﺗﻮ و
ﻏ ﻴ ﻩﺮ ( ه ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﭼﺮه ،ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩداد ﻴ زا ماﺪﮑﭽ ز ﺖهﺎﺒﺷ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻳ دﺎ ی ز سﻮﻧو ﺎﺑ ﻳ ﺎﺒ ی ﻣ ﻴ ﻮﻠ ﺪﻧراﺪﻧ .
ا ﻪﻤه ﺺﺨﺸﻣ ﻪﺟو ﻳ ﻬﺑﺮﻓ ﺎه سﻮﻧو ﻦ ﯽ رد ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺎﻣ ﻦﻬﮐ داﺪﺟا سﻮﻣﺎﻗ زا ﺋﺎﻧاﻮﺗ ﯽ ﺑ ﻴ ﺮﺘﺸ ی اﺮﺑ ی رورﺎﺑ ی
ﺎﮑﺣ ﻳ ﺖ ﯽﻣ ﺳا ﻩدﺮﮐ ﺖ . ﺪﺑ ﻳ ﺗﺮﺗ ﻦ ﻴ ﺐ ، زا ﭘ لﺎﺳ ﻞﻬﭼ ﻴ ﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻪﮐ ﺶ ﻴ نﺪﻤﺗ ﻦ ﺎه ی رﺎﺗ ﻞﺒﻗﺎﻣ ﻳ ﺨ ﯽ رﺪﺗ ﻳ ً ﺎﺠ رد ﻩﺪﻨﮐاﺮﭘ ﻊﻣاﻮﺟ
نﺎﺴﻧا ﺎه ی ﻟوا ﻴ ﻧ ﺐهﺬﻣ ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻞﮑﺷ ﻪ ﻴ ﻪﺒﻨﺟ ﺎﻣ ﺖﺳدرود نﺎﮐﺎ » ﺋاﺪﺧردﺎﻣ ﯽ « و ﺖﺷاد رد ﺎﻬﻨﺗ راﺰﻬﺠﻨﭘ دوﺪﺣ ﭘ لﺎﺳ ﻴ ﺶ
ﺮﮕﻳد یﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ
ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ٣ زا ٣۴ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ
ا ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻳ ﺎﺟ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻦ ی دﻮﺧ ﻪﺑ ار » ﺋاﺪﺧرﺪﭘ ﯽ « ﻧﻮﻨﮐ ﯽ دﺮﭙﺳ . ﺶﺘﺳﺮﭘ ﺖﻨﺳ » ﻪﻬﻟا ردﺎﻣ « ﻳ ﺎ » ردﺎﻣ ﻣز ﻴ ﻦ « ﺘﺣ ﯽ رد
ﻧد ﻴ ﺎ ی زوﺮﻣا ی ﺎﻣ ﻧ ﻴ ﺰ رد ﻟﺎﻤﺷ مدﺮﻣ دﺰﻧ ﯽ ﺎﭘورا ) ا ،ﺪﻨﻠﺗﺎﮑﺳا ﻳ ﺪﻧﺎﮑﺳا ،ﺪﻨﻟﺮ ﻳ وﺎﻨ ،ی ﻗﺮﺷ سوﺮﭘ ﯽ ( ﺗرﻮﺼﺑ ﯽ ﻣﺎﻋ ﻴ ﻗﺎﺑ ﻪﻧﺎ ﯽ
زور و ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﻧﺎﻣ ١۵ توا ) ﻠﮐ ﻪﮐ ﻴ ﺎﺴ ی ﻟﻮﺗﺎﮐ ﻴ زا ﮏ لﺎﺳ ١٩۵٠ ﺪﻌﺑ ﻪﺑ زور اﺮﻧﺁ ﺮﻣ ﻳ ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ سﺪﻘﻣ ﻢ ( ترﻮﺼﺑ
زور » ﻣز ﻴ ردﺎﻣ ﻦ « ﺮﮔ ﻦﺸﺟ ﻪﺘﻓ ﯽﻣ دﻮﺷ . رد ﻟ ﻴ ﻧاﻮﺘ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﺖﻨﺳ ﻦ ، ﻦﺸﺟ Zemyna دراد مﺎﻧ ﻪﮐ ﯽﻣ ر ﺎﺑ ﺪﻧاﻮﺗ ﻳ ﻪﺸ
ا ﻳ ﻧاﺮ ﯽ ﻣز ﻴ رد ﻦ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ طﺎﺒﺗرا .

اﺪﺧ ﺮﺼﻋ ی رد دﺮﻣ راﺰﻬﺸﺷ دوﺪﺣ ﭘ لﺎﺳ ﻴ رﺁ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ﺶ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ رد ﻪﮐ ﺎه رﺎﺗ ﻪﻨﺤﺻ ﻪﺑ ﺎﭘ مﺎﮕﻨه نﺁ ﻳ زﺎﻏﺁ ﺪﻨﺘﺷاﺬﮔ ﺦ ﺪﺷ .
ﻘﺤﺗ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻴ ﻘ ﯽ رﻮﻄﻗ ی مﺎﻨﺑ » رﺎﺗ ﻳ ﻣﻮﻤﻋ ﺦ ﯽ اﺪﺧ « Histoire generale de Dieu ﭘ ﻩﺎﻣ ﺪﻨﭼ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﮐ ﻴ رد ﺶ رﺎﭘ ﻳ ﺲ
رﺁ ﺪﺷ ﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ﺎه ی ا ﻳ ﻧاﺮ ﯽ ار ﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻴ ﻩوﺮﮔ ﻦ زا گرﺰﺑ ﻩداﻮﻧﺎﺧ » ﺋﺎﭘورا و ﺪﻨه ﯽ « ﯽﻣ اﺪﺧ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧاد ﻳ رد ار دﺮﻣ نﺎ
ﻧﺎﺸﻧ ترﺪﻗ ﺪﻨﺴﻣ ﺮﺑ عاﻮﻧا بﺎﺑرا ﻊﻤﺠﻣ ﻴ ﺪﻧﺪ . رﻮﻬﻇ ﺎﺑ ا ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ،نﺎ » ﺎه ﻪﻬﻟا ی ردﺎﻣ « ﻣ ﺪﻧزﺮﻓ دﺮﻣ نوﺪﺑ ﺖﻗﻮﻧﺁ ﺎﺗ ﻪﮐ ﯽ ﺪﻧدروﺁ
ﻨﺑ ﺶﻘﻧ و ﻴ دﺎ ی ا ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻳ ﮔﺪﻧز ﻪﻣادا ﺮﻬﻈﻣ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻦ ﯽ ﻧﺎﮔﺪﻧز ،ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﯽ ﺒﻃ ﻴ ﻌ ﯽ ﺮﺗ ی ﭘ ﻴ اﺪ ،ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ ﺎﺑ اﺪﺧ ﻳ دﺮﻣ نﺎ ﺳرﻮﻧ ﻴ ﻩﺪ ا ی
ﭘ ﻴ ﺪﻧﻮ ﻳ و ناﺮهﻮﺷ ﻢه ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﺘﻓﺎ ،ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ناﺪﻧزﺮﻓ ﻢه رد ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﭼﺮه ﮔرﺰﺑ ﺶﺨﺑ ﯽ زا ،نﺎﻬﺟ ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ رد ﺳﺁ ﻴ ﺎ ی ﺮﺘﺧﺎﺑ ی و
ﺪﻣ ﻳ ﻗﺮﺷ ﻪﻧاﺮﺘ ﯽ ﺗﺪﻣ ﺎﺗ ﯽ زارد ردﺎﻣ ﻪﺒﻨﺟ ی ﺮﺑ ﺮﺴﻤه ﻪﺒﻨﺟ ی ﺮﺗﺮﺑ ی ا نﺎﮐﺎﻤﮐ و ﺖﺷاد ﻳ ﺎﻔ ی دﻮﺑ نﺎﻧز ﺎﺑ ﻪﻧارﻻﺎﺳ ﺶﻘﻧ .

اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﻃﺎﺳا نارود ﮏﭼﻮﮐ و گرﺰﺑ نﺎ ﻴ ﺮ ی ، رد ﺮه ﻳ ﻣ زا ﮏ ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺎه ی اﺮﺷ ﮓﻧر ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ﻳ ﻓاﺮﻐﺟ ﻂ ﻴ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ﻠﻗا و ﻴ ﻤ ﯽ و
ﻣﻮﻗ ﯽ ار نﺎﺷدﻮﺧ صﺎﺧ ﺪﻧراد . ا ﻪﻤه ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ﺎه ﻩدروﺁﺮﻓ نﺎ ی ﻠﺤﻣ ﯽ ،ﺪﻨﺘﺴه ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ ﻣزﺮﺳ صﺎﺧ تﻻﻮﺼﺤﻣ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه و
ﺎه ﺖﻨﺳ ﮓﻨهﺮﻓ و ﺎه ، ﻮﮕﺨﺳﺎﭘ و ی ﻧ ﻴ ﺎهزﺎ ی دﺎﻣ ی ﺣور و ﯽ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ نﺎﻨﮐﺎﺳ . ﻳ رد ﻦﻬﮐ نﺎﻧﻮ ﻣ ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺋاﺪﺧ دﻮﺧ ﯽ مﺎﻨﺑ
اﺪﺧ ی ز ،ﺖﺷاد باﺮﺷ ﻳ ﺘﻤﺴﻗ اﺮ ﯽ زا ﺮﺘﻬﺑ ﻳ ﺎهرﻮﮕﻧا ﻦ ی رد نﺎﻬﺟ ا ﻳ ﻣزﺮﺳ ﻦ ﻴ شروﺮﭘ ﻦ ﯽﻣ ﻳ ﺮﻓا و ،ﺖﻓﺎ ﻳ ﺎﻘ ی ﺳ ﻴ ﻨﭼ ﻩﺎ ﻴ ﻦ
ﺋاﺪﺧ ﯽ اﺮﺑ ﺖﺷاﺪﻧ ار ی ا ﻳ ﺖﺷاﺪﻧ رﻮﮕﻧا ﻻﻮﺻا ﻪﮐ ﻦ ، رد ﺪﺧ ضﻮﻋ ا ی ﺮﺼﻣ ﻪﮑﻧﺎﻨﭽﻤه ،ﺖﺷاد بﺎﺑﻮﺋﺎﺑ ﻳ اﺪﺧ نﺎ ی حﺎﺴﻤﺗ
اﺪﺧ نﺎﺘﺳﻮﭘ خﺮﺳ و ﺪﻨﺘﺷاد ی ﻣوﺎﮔ ﻴ ﻣﻮﺑ و ﺶ ﻴ ﺮﻣا نﺎ ﻳ ﺎﮑ ی ﺑﻮﻨﺟ ﯽ اﺪﺧ ی ﺪﻨه و ترذ ﻳ اﺪﺧ نﺎ ی ﻠﺠﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺮﺒﺑ ﯽ ﻟﺎﮐ ﯽ ﻪﻬﻟا
مﺎﺷﺁ نﻮﺧ دﻮﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ .

ﺎﺑ ا ﻳ ا ،ﻪﻤﻬﻨ ﻳ ﺜﺤﺑ ﻦ ﯽ ﻧ ﻴ رد ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺴ ﺎﭘورا ی و غوﺮﻓ نﺮﻗ ﻳ ﺎ زا ﺪﻌﺑ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ حﺮﻄﻣ نﺁ . ﺑ ﻴ ﻨﭘ و ﺖﺴ ﭘ نﺮﻗ ﺞ ﻴ ﺶ
ﻓ سﻮﻧﺎﻓﻮﻧوﺰﮐ ﻴ ﺮﻋﺎﺷ و فﻮﺴﻠ ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﯽ رد ﻤه ﻴ دﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﺷﻮﻧ ﻩرﺎﺑ ﻦ : » اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﺸﺒﺣ نﺎ ﯽ ﺳ ﺖﺳﻮﭘ ﻴ ﺎهﻮﻣ و ﻩﺎ ی رد ،ﺪﻧراد ﺪﻌﺠﻣ
ﺗرﻮﺻ ﻴ اﺪﺧ ﻪﮑ ﻳ ﺎهﺮﺑﺮﺑ نﺎ ی ﻟﺎﻤﺷ ﯽ ﺑﺁ ﯽ ﺋﻼﻃﻮﻣ و ﻢﺸﭼ ﯽ ﺪﻨﺘﺴه . ﻧ نﺎﺒﺳا و ناوﺎﮔ ﺮﮔا ﻴ ﺎﻣ ﻞﻘﻋ ﺰ ﺪﻨﺘﺷاد ار ، ﺖﺳد و ﺎه ی
ﺎﻣ ار ، ﺴﺑ لﺎﻤﺘﺣا ﻪﺑ ﻴ اﺪﺧ رﺎ ﻳ ﺎﺑ ار نﺎﺸﻧﺎ ﺷ ﻢﺴﺠﻣ مد و خﺎ ﯽﻣ ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ . «

رد » د ﻳ ﺴﮑ ﻴ ﺮﻧﻮ ﻔﺴﻠﻓ ﯽ « رد ﺮﺘﻟو ﻤه ﻴ ﻣز ﻦ ﻴ ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﻪﻨ : » ﺧا ﻴ ﮑﻗﺎﻃا اﺮ ﯽ رد اﺮﺑ غﺎﺑ ﻪﺷﻮﮔ ی ﻢﺘﺧﺎﺳ مدﻮﺧ . ﻨﺷ ﻴ ﻪﮐ مﺪ
ﻳ ﺶﻧﺎﺘﺳود ﻪﺑ رﻮﮐ ﮏ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺖﻔﮔ ﻳ ﺧ رﻮﮐ شﻮﻣ ﺪ ﻴ ﻠ ﯽ ﻤﻬﻣ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﺎﻨﺑ ﻦ ی ﻈﻋ ﻴ ار ﻢ و ،ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻳ داد باﻮﺟ وﺪﺑ ﻮﺳار ﮏ :
ﺧﻮﺷ ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﻨﮐ ﯽ ﻨﭼ ؟ ﻴ رﺎﮐ ﻦ ی ا ﻂﻘﻓ ز ﻳ ﻮﺳار ﮏ ی ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﻪﻐﺑﺎﻧ . ﺮﮑﻓ ﯽﻣ ﺮﮔا ﻢﻨﮐ ﻳ ﺮﺑا مﺮﮐ ﮏ ﻳ ﻢه ﻢﺸ ﯽﻣ ﺖﺳاﻮﺧ
ﭘ ﻪﺑ ﻴ ﺮﺑا ﻪﻠ ﻳ ﻤﺸ ﯽ ﻨﺗ دﻮﺧ رود ﻪﮐ ﻴ ﻣﺎﻧ ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪ ﯽ ار ﺶﻤﺳا ﺪهﺪﺑ نﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﯽﻣ ﺖﺷاﺬﮔ . «

رد ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺎﻓﺮﺻ زﺎﻏﺁ ﻠﺤﻣ ﻪﺒﻨﺟ ﯽ لﺎﺒﻧﺪﺑ و ﺪﻨﺘﺷاد » رازﺎﺑ ﻳ ﺑﺎ ﯽ « ﻧ ﯽﻤ ﺪﻨﺘﻓر . ﺮه ﺒﻗ و مﻮﻗ ﻴ ا ﻪﻠ ی ار شدﻮﺧ صﺎﺧ ﺐهﺬﻣ
ﺖﺷاد ، ﺎﻤﻬﺑ ﺗرﻮﺻ ن ﯽ ﺻﺎﺼﺘﺧا تارﺮﻘﻣ و مﻮﺳر و نﺎﺑز ﻪﮐ ﯽ ار دﻮﺧ ﺖﺷاد . ﺘﺣ ﯽ ا رﻮﺼﺗ ﻳ ﺑ ﻪﮑﻨ ﻴ اﺪﺧ نﺎﮕﻧﺎﮕ ﻳ وا نﺎ ار
ﺪﻨﺘﺳﺮﭙﺑ ، اﺮﺑ ﻳ ﻋﻮﻧ ﺶ ﯽ ﺑ ﯽ ﻣاﺮﺘﺣا ﯽ ا قﻮﻘﺣ ﻪﺑ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ﻘﻠﺗ نﺎ ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﺪﺷ . ﺘﻗو ﯽ ﺋاﺪﺧ ﻪﮐ ﻢه ﯽ رد اﺮﺷ ﻳ ﻄ ﯽ ﻠﻗا زا صﺎﺧ ﻴ ﻢ
ﻠﻗا ﻪﺑ دﻮﺧ ﻴ ﻤ ﯽ د ﻳ ﺮﻔﺳ ﺮﮕ ﯽﻣ ﺎﻀﺘﻗا ﻪﺑ ،دﺮﮐ ی اﺮﺷ ﻳ ﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟا ﻂ ﯽ ﮕﻨهﺮﻓ و ﯽ ﻐﺗ ﻩزﺎﺗ ﻴﻴ ﺮ هﺎﻣ ﻴ ﺖ ﯽﻣ و ،داد ا ﻳ رد ﻩﺪﻋﺎﻗ ﻦ
ﺋﺁ نارود ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی » ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی « ﻧ ﻴ راﺮﻗﺮﺑ نﺎﻨﭽﻤه ﺰ ﺪﻧﺎﻣ . ﻣﺎﻧ خرﻮﻣ ﮋﻧﻻﻮﮐود ﻞﺘﺳﻮﻓ لﻮﻘﺑ ﯽ ﻪﺴﻧاﺮﻓ ﻢهدزﻮﻧ نﺮﻗ » ﺘﻗو ﻴ ﻪﮑ
ﺘﻧﺎﺘﺴﻨﮐ ﻴ ﺴﻣ مر رﻮﺗاﺮﭙﻣا سﻮﻨ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺋﺁ ار ﺖ ﻴ ﻤﺳر ﻦ ﯽ رﻮﺗاﺮﭙﻣا ی و دﺮﮐ مﻼﻋا مر ﻮه ناﺪﺑ ﻳ ﺘ ﯽ ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﯽ داد ، ﻳ دﻮﻬ ﻳ ﻧ ﺖ ﻴ زا ﺰ
ﻋ ﻩﺮﻬﭼ ﺳﻮﺒ ﯽ ﭘ ﻪﮐ ﻴ رد نﺁ ناﺮﺒﻤﻐ اﺮﺑ نوﺮﻗ لﻮﻃ ﻳ ﺑ ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﺳ ﺶ ﻴ ﺪﻣﺁ نوﺮ ﺸﮐ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ و ﻴ ﻧﺎﺸ ﯽ ﻪﻔﺴﻠﻓ ﻪﮐ ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﯽ ار
زا و ﻪﺘﺧﻮﻣﺁ اﺪﺧ ترﻮﺻ ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺷ عﺎﺒﺷا نﺁ ی ﻨﺘﺷاد ﺖﺳود و تﺮﺷﺎﻌﻣ ﻞﺑﺎﻗ ﯽ ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ار ﺖ ﺖﻓﺮﮔ دﻮﺨﺑ . « رد ﻤه ﻴ ﻦ
ﻣز ﻴ ﻪﻨ ، و رد نﺎﻣز نﺎﻤه ، رد نﻮﺑﻮﻟ وﺎﺘﺳﻮﮔ » نﺪﻤﺗ ﺎه ی ﺪﻨه « دﻮﺧ ﺖﺷﻮﻧ : » ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﺋادﻮﺑ ﻦ ﯽ ﺋﺁ و ﺪﻨه ﻴ ﺋادﻮﺑ ﻦ ﯽ ﭼ ﻴ و ﻦ
ﺘهﺎﺒﺷ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﻧ ﻦﭘاژ ﯽ ﺎﺑ ﻳ ﺪﮑ ﻳ ﺪﻧراﺪﻧ ﺮﮕ ، رد ﺎﻬﻧﺁ توﺎﻔﺗ ﻪﮑﻠﺑ ﺪﺣ ی ﻧاﺪﻨﻤﺸﻧاد ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﯽ اﺮﺑ ﻪﮐ ی ﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻴ رد رﺎﺑ ﻦ ا ﻳ ﻦ
ﺋادﻮﺑ ﻩرﺎﺑرد ﺎهرﻮﺸﮐ ﻴ ﻘﺤﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻢﺴ ﻴ ا ﻩزﺎﺗ ﺐهﺬﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ رﻮﺼﺗ ﺪﻨﺘﺧادﺮﭘ ﻖ ی وﺮﺑور ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ . ﻤﻬﺑ ﻴ ﺗﺮﺗ ﻦ ﻴ ﺋﺁ ﺐ ﻴ ﻦ
رد مﻼﺳا ﺴﻣ ﻴ دﻮﺧ ﺮ زا ﻐﺗ ﺪﻨه ﻪﺑ نﺎﺘﺴﺑﺮﻋ ﻴﻴ ﺗاﺮ ﯽ ﻨﺑ نﺎﻨﭼ ﻴ دﺎ ی ﻳ ﺮﻘﺗ اﺮﻧﺁ ﺖﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﻓﺎ ﻳ ﻏ ﺎﺒ ﻴ ﻦﮑﻤﻣ ﺮ ﯽﻣ ،ﺪﻨﮐ
ز ﻳ ﺣﻮﺗ ﻪﮐ اﺮ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺮﺗ ﻳ رد نﺎﻬﺟ ﺐهﺬﻣ ﻦ ا ﻳ ﻣزﺮﺳ ﻦ ﻴ ﺪﺒﺗ ﻼﻤﻋ ﻦ ﻳ ﻪﺑ ﻞ ﻳ ﮑ ﯽ زا ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﻃﺎﺳا ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﺷ . رد ﻼﺜﻣ دﺰﻧ
ﺮﮕﻳد یﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ
ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ۴ زا ٣۴ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ
ﻣﻮﺑ ﻴ وارد نﺎ ﻳ ﺪ ی رﻮﻄﺑ ﻦﮐد ی ﺋﺎﻤهﺮﺑ ﮓﻧر ﯽ توﺎﻔﺗ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻣ ﻴ ا نﺎ ﻳ ود ﻦ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ا ﻦ ﻳ رد ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻦ ار ﺪﻤﺤﻣ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ
رد ﺎﺟ ی ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاﺬﮔ ﺎﻤهﺮﺑ . «

زا ﭘ لﺎﺳ راﺰﻬﺠﻨﭘ دوﺪﺣ ﻴ ﺶ ، ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﻃﺎﺳا ﻴ ﺮ ی ) mythological ( دﺪﻌﺘﻣ ی رد ﻣزﺮﺳ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه و رد ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ ماﻮﻗا دﺰﻧ
ﺸﺨﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻞﮑﺷ نﺎﻬﺟ ﯽ زا رد ﺎﻬﻧﺁ زا نﺎﻣز لﻮﻃ ﻣ ﻴ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﻓر نﺎ و ﺸﺨﺑ ﯽ د ﻳ ﺮﮕ ﺑ نﺎﻨﭽﻤه ﺎﺟﺮ ی ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﻧﺎﻣ . فرﺎﻌﻤﻟا ﻩﺮﺋاد
ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻣ » ﻣ ﮓﻨهﺮﻓ ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺎه « ﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ رﺎﮑﻤه ی ﻌﻤﺟ ﻪﺘﺳد ﯽ ٩٧ رﺎﺗ سﺎﻨﺷرﺎﮐ ﻳ رد ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦ ﭘ لﺎﺳ ﺪﻨﭼ ﻴ پﺎﭽﺑ ﺶ
ﺳر ﻴ ﻩﺪ ، ﺑ تﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ ﻴ زا ﺶ ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﺪﺼﮑ ﻴ ﻃﺎﺳا ﻦ ﻴ ﺮ ی رد ﻪﮐ ار ﻒﻠﺘﺨﻣ رد ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ﻪﺑ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاﺬﮔ دﻮﺟو ﻪﺑ ﺎﭘ نﺎﻬﺟ ﻩرﺎﻗ ﺞﻨﭘ
ﺼﻔﺗ ﻴ ﺖﺳا ﻩدﺮﮐ ﻞﻘﻧ ﻞ زا ﻪﮐ ﻬﻣ ﻪﻠﻤﺟ ﺮﺘﻤ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻦ ﯽﻣ زا ناﻮﺗ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﺎه ﻦ ی ﺮﺼﻣ ﻦﻬﮐ ی ﺮﻣﻮﺳ و ی زا و ﻣ ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺎه ی
ﻣﺎﺳ ﯽ ) ﻠﺑﺎﺑ ،ﯽ ﺪﮐا ،ی رﻮﺷﺁ ،ی ﻨﻓ ﻴ ﻘ ،ﯽ بﺮﻋ ( ﻣ ، ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺎه ی رﺁ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ) ه ﻴ ﺘ ،ﯽ ا ﻳ ﻧاﺮ ﯽ ، ﺪﻨه ،ی ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ،ﯽ ﻨﻣرژ ،ﯽ
ﺪﻧﺎﮑﺳا ﻳ وﺎﻨ ،ی ﺗﻻ ﻴ ﻨ ،ﯽ ﻨﻣرا ،وﻼﺳا ،ﯽ ﺘﺳوا ﯽ ( ﻣ ، ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺎه ی ﺳﺁ ﻴ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ) ﭼ ﻴ ﻨ ،ﯽ ﻨﭘاژ ،ﯽ و ﻳ ﻣﺎﻨﺘ ،ﯽ ا ﻩﺮﮐ ،ی ﻣ ،کﺮﺗ ،لﻮﻐ
ﺪﻧﻼﻨﻓ ،رﺎﺗﺎﺗ ،ی ﮑﺳا ﻴ ﻮﻤ ( ، ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺒﻗ ﻴ ا ﻪﻠ ی ﺮﻓا ﻳ ﺋﺎﻘ ﯽ ﻣﻮﺑ و ﻴ ﻟاﺮﺘﺳا نﺎ ﻴ ﻧ و ﺎ ﻴ زﻮ ﻳ ﮔ و ﺪﻨﻠ ﻴ و ﻮﻧ ﻪﻨ اﺰﺟ ﻳ ﻗا ﺮ ﻴ ،مارﺁ سﻮﻧﺎ
ﻣ و ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﺎه ی ﺮﻣا ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻊﻤﺟ ﻪﮐ ،دﺮﺑ مﺎﻧ ﺎﮑ ﻳ ﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ نﺎ ﻴ زا ﺶ راﺰهﺪﺻ ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ دروﺁﺮﺑ .

ﻀﻌﺑ ﯽ زا ا ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﻦ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﻃﺎﺳا ﻴ ﺮ ی رد ﺤﻄﺳ ﯽ ﺴﺑ ﻴ ﺋاﺪﺘﺑا رﺎ ﯽ ه رد ،ﺪﻨﺘﺴ ﺧﺮﺑ ضﻮﻋ ﯽ د ﻳ ﮓﻨهﺮﻓ ﻩﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﺲﮑﻌﻨﻣ ﺮﮕ ﺎه ﺋ ﯽ
ﺴﺑ ﻴ ﭘ رﺎ ﻴ و ﻪﺘﻓﺮﺸ ﺮﻇ ﻳ ﻟﺎﻋ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻔ ﻴ ﺮﺘ ﻳ ار ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻦ رد ﻳ ﻦﻬﮐ نﺎﻧﻮ ﯽﻣ ناﻮﺗ ﻳ ﺖﻓﺎ ، ا ﻳ ﻣ ﻦ ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﭘ ﺮ و بﺁ ﻪﻧاﺮﻋﺎﺷ و ﮓﻧر
ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﯽ ﺋﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﺑ ﯽ ا ﻪﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ ی زا ﺳ ﯽ اﺪﺧ راﺰه ی و دﺮﻣ ﻧ و نز ﻴ اﺪﺧ ﻪﻤ ﻳ ار نﺎﻧﺎﻣﺮﻬﻗ و نﺎ رد ﺮﺑ ﯽﻣ ﮔ ﻴ ﺴﺑ ﻪﮐ دﺮ ﻴ رﺎ ی
ا ز رد ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻃﺎﺳا تاﺪﻘﺘﻌﻣ ﻴ ﺮ ی رﺁ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ) ﺋﺎﭘورا و ﺪﻨه ﯽ ( ر ﻳ ﺪﻧراد ﻪﺸ . ﻤه ﻴ رﺁ تاﺪﻘﺘﻌﻣ ﻦ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ﺎﭘ ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﻪ ﻴ ﺋادﺰﻣ ﻦ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﻦﻬﮐ ناﺮ
ﻧ ﻴ ﺋﺁ اﺪﻌﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ راﺮﻗ ﺰ ﻴ ﺣﻮﺗ ﻦ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺘﺸﺗرز ﯽ زا ﺮﺳ نﺁ ﺛﺄﺗ و دروﺁﺮﺑ ﻴ ا ﻩدﺮﺘﺴﮔ ﺮ ی رد ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﻣﺎﺳ ﯽ
) ﻳ دﻮﻬ ﻳ ﺖ ، ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺖ ، مﻼﺳا ( ﺎﺟﺮﺑ ی ﻧﺎﻨﭽﻤه ،ﺖﺷاﺬﮔ ﻣ ﻪﺒﻌﺷ ﻪﮑ ﻴ ﺋاﺮﺘ ﯽ ﺋادﺰﻣ ﻴ ﻧ ﻢﺴ ﻴ زا ﺰ رﻮﺗاﺮﭙﻣا ﻩار ی ﻤﻋ مر ﻴ ً ﺎﻘ رد
ﮔ ﻞﮑﺷ ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺸﺨﺑ ﺮﺛا ﺖ ﻴ ﺪ . زا ﺪﻌﺑ ﻪﺑ ﺲﻧﺎﺴﻧر نارود ، ﻣ ﻴ ژﻮﻟﻮﺘ ی ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﯽ رﻮﻄﺑ ی رد و بدا و ﺮﻨه ﺪﻧا ﻳ نﺎﻬﺟ ﻪﺸ
ذﻮﻔﻧ ﻪﮐ ﻩدﺮﮐ ﻪﻨﺧر بﺮﻏ » ﻳ دﻮﻬ ی - ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﯽ « ﺘﻨﺳ ﯽ اﺮﻧﺁ رد ﻘﻣ ﻴ ﺳو سﺎ ﻴ ﻌ ﯽ ﻌﺸﻟا ﺖﺤﺗ ﺖﺳا ﻩداد راﺮﻗ عﺎ .

ﻨﺑ لﻮﺤﺗ ﻴ دﺎ ی ﺪﻌﺑ ی رد رﺎﺗ ﻳ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦ ، ﭘ ﻴ اﺪ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﺶ ﻳ نﺎ » ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی « رد ﺎﻬﻧﺁ راﺮﻘﺘﺳا و ﺎﺟ ی اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﻃﺎﺳا نﺎ ﻴ ﺮ ی رد ﺶﺨﺑ
ﮔرﺰﺑ ﯽ زا دﻮﺑ نﺎﺘﺳﺎﺑ نﺎﻬﺟ . ا ﻳ ﻟﻮﺤﺗ ﻦ ﯽ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻳ ﺎﺗ ﺖﺴ ﺴﺑ ﺶﻘﻧ زوﺮﻣا ﻪﺑ ﻴ ﺮﺛﻮﻣ رﺎ ی رد رﺎﺗ ﺪﻧور ﻳ نﺪﻤﺗ و ﺦ
ﺮﺸﺑ ی ا ﻳ ﺎﻔ ﺑ ،ﺪﻨﮐ ﯽ ا ﻪﮑﻧﺁ ﻳ ز ،ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد ﺖﺒﺜﻣ ﻪﺒﻨﺟ ﺎﻣاﺰﻟا ﺶﻘﻧ ﻦ ﻳ ﻤه ﺖﺳرد اﺮ ﻴ ﺋﺁ ﻦ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺖﻨﺳ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ
هوﺮﮔ رﺎﺘﺸﮐ ﯽ زا ﺮﻓﺁ ﻳ ار اﺪﺧ نﺎﮔﺪ هوﺮﮔ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﯽ د ﻳ زا ﺮﮕ ﺮﻓﺁ ﻳ ﻤه نﺎﮔﺪ ﻴ ﻤه مﺎﻨﺑ و اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻴ و ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ راﺮﻗﺮﺑ اﺪﺧ ﻦ رد ا ﻳ ﻦ
ود ﺎﺘﺳار ﺮﺑ لﺎﺳ راﺰه رﺎﺗ تﺎﺤﻔﺻ ﻳ ﺪﻧدز نﻮﺧ ﮓﻧر ﺦ . رﺎﻣﺁ ی رد ﻪﮐ لﺎﺳ ١٩٩۴ زا ﺐﻧﺎﺟ ﻳ ﻧا ﮏ ﻴ ﺘﺴ ﻴ ﻮﺘ ی ﺑ ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻣ ﻴ ﻠﻠﻤﻟا ﻦ ﯽ
ﻧا رﺎﺸﺘ ﻳ ﮐﺎﺣ ﺖﻓﺎ ﯽ زا ا ﻳ رد ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻦ ﺑ ﻴ ﺮﺸﺑ نﺎﻬﺟ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ نﺮﻗ ﺖﺴ ی ار لﺎﺳ ﺪﺼﻬﻧ و راﺰه رد ﺎﻬﻨﺗ و ﮓﻨﺟ ﻳ لﺎﺳ ﺪﺼﮑ
رد اﺮﻧﺁ ﻧارﺬﮔ ﺢﻠﺻ ﻴ و ،ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪ ا زا ﻳ ﺑ لﺎﺳ ﺪﺼﻬﻧ و راﺰه ﻦ ﻴ زا ﺶ ﻳ رد لﺎﺳ راﺰﻬﮑ ﮓﻨﺟ ﺎه ی ﺒهﺬﻣ ﯽ ود ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ
ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﺴﻣ ﻦ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺪﻧا ﻩدﻮﺑ نﺁ ﻞﻣﺎﻋ مﻼﺳا و ﺖ . ﺎﮑﺣ ﻪﺑ ﻳ ﻤه ﺖ ﻴ ﺎﻣﺁ ﻦ ﻧﺎﮐدﻮﮐ و نﺎﻧز و نادﺮﻣ رﺎﻤﺷ ر ﯽ رد ﻪﮐ ا ﻳ مﺎﻨﺑ تﺪﻣ ﻦ
زا ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺸﮐ اﺪﺧ ﻧﺎﺑﺮﻗ عﻮﻤﺠﻣ ﻴ ﺎهﺮﺑﺮﺑ نﺎ ی ﻟﺎﻤﺷ ﯽ ﺗﺁ و ﻴ ﮓﻨﺟ و رﺎﺗﺎﺗ و لﻮﻐﻣ و ﻼ ﺎه ی ﺗاﺮﻤﻌﺘﺴﻣ ﯽ ﺑ ﻴ ﺖﺳا ﻩدﻮﺑ ﺮﺘﺸ .

ﺘﻗو ﻴ زا ﻦﺨﺳ ﻪﮑ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﻣ ﻪﺑ ﻴ ﻣ نﺎ ﯽ ﺁ ﻳ ﺘﻨﺳ رﻮﻄﺑ ،ﺪ ﯽ ﺐهﺬﻣ ﻪﺳ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻳ دﻮﻬ ی ﺴﻣ و ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ لﻮﻤﺸﻣ مﻼﺳا و ﺖ
ا ﻳ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﺖﻔﺻ ﻦ ﯽﻣ ﺪﻧﻮﺷ ، رد ﺻ ﺗرﻮ ﻴ رﺎﺗ ﻪﮑ ﻳ ﺎﻣزﺁ ﻪﺳ ﺪهﺎﺷ نﺎﻬﺟ ﺦ ﻳ ﺶ - ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﻧ و ﻳ ﺎﻣزﺁ ﮏ ﻳ ﺶ - ا زا ﻳ ﻩدﻮﺑ عﻮﻧ ﻦ
رد و ﺖﺳا ﻂﻘﻓ ﻪﻧ و ﺖﻀﻬﻧ ﻪﺳ نوﺮﻗ لﻮﻃ ﻳ ﺣﻮﺗ ﺖﻀﻬﻧ ﮏ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻞﮑﺷ . ﺘﺴﺨﻧ ﻴ ا ﻦ ﻳ ﺎﻣزﺁ ﻦ ﻳ ﺶ ﺎه رد ﺮﺼﻣ ﻦﻬﮐ
رد و ﻓﻮﻨﻣﺁ نﺎﻣز ﻴ مرﺎﻬﭼ ﺲ ) ﭘ ﻢهدرﺎﻬﭼ نﺮﻗ ﻴ ﺶ زا دﻼﻴﻣ ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺢ ( ﻮﺻ رد ﻪﮐ ﺖﻓﺮﮔ تر ﻧﻮﻋﺮﻓ نارود ﯽ ﺋاﺪﺧ دﻮﺧ ﯽ ﻪﺑ
ﺷرﻮﺧ ﻪﮐ ار ﻦﺗﺁ مﺎﻧ ﻴ اﺪﺧ دﻮﺑ نﺁ ﺮﻬﻈﻣ ﺪ ی ﻳ ﺮﻓﺁ ﻪﻧﺎﮕ ﻳ ﺘﺴه نﺎﻬﺟ ﻩﺪﻨﻧادﺮﮔ و ﻩﺪﻨﻨ ﯽ د مﺎﻤﺗ و ﺖﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﺮﮕ ﻳ نﺎ
ﻃﺎﺳا ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺮﺼﻣ ار ﻤه ﻪﺑ و ،دروﺁ دوﺮﻓ دﻮﺧ ﺪﻨﺴﻣ زا ﻴ ﻮﺧ مﺎﻧ ﺖﻬﺟ ﻦ ﻳ ﻧ ﺶ ﻴ ﻪﺑ ﺰ » ﻦﺗﺁ ﻦﺧﺁ « ﻐﺗ ﻴﻴ داد ﺮ . ﻟو ﯽ ا ﻳ ﻦ
ﺎﻣزﺁ ﻳ ا دﻮﺧ گﺮﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺶ ﻳ ﺎﭘ نﻮﻋﺮﻓ ﻦ ﻳ نﺎ ﻳ و زا ﺲﭘ و ﺖﻓﺎ ی ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﺮﺼﻣ ﻦﻬﮐ ﻦ ی ﮐﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ﻴ ﭘ ﺐ ﻴ ﺸ ﻴ ﺎﻣزﺁ و ﺖﺸﮔزﺎﺑ دﻮﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ﺶ ﺎه ی
د ﻪﺑﺎﺸﻣ ﻳ ﺮﮕ ی ﻧ ﻴ رد ﺰ رﺎﺗ ﻳ ﻧﺎﺘﺳﺎﺑ ﺦ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﺖﻓﺮﮕﻧ ترﻮﺻ رﻮﺸﮐ ﻦ .

ﺎﻣزﺁ ﻳ ﻣود ﺶ ﻴ رد ﻦ ا ﻳ زا ﻪﮐ ﺖﻓﺮﮔ مﺎﺠﻧا ﺖﺸﺗرز ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ناﺮ اﺪﺧ ﻊﻤﺘﺠﻣ ﻳ رﺁ نﺎ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ، ﺑ ار ادﺰﻣارﻮها ﻴ و دروﺁ نوﺮ وا ار
اﺪﺧ ی ﻳ ﺎﻨﺷ ﻪﻧﺎﮕ ود و ﺖﺧ ﺧ ﺮﻬﻈﻣ ﻴ ﻣﺎﺘﻨﭙﺳ ،ﺮﺷ و ﺮ ﻴ ﻣ ﻩﺮﮕﻧا و ﻮﻨ ﻴ ﻮﻨ ) ﺮها ﻳ ﻦﻤ ( ﻘﺑ و ﻴ ار ﻪ رد ا و ناﺪﻨﭙﺳﺎﺸﻣا مﺎﻘﻣ ﻳ نادﺰ
رد ز ﻳ وا نﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﺮ ﻟو ،داد راﺮﻗ ﯽ ﺋﺁ فﻼﺧ ﻪﺑ ﻴ ﺋﺁ ،ﻦﺗﺁ ﻦ ﻴ ﺣﻮﺗ ﻦ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺋﺁ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ترﻮﺼﺑ وا ﻴ ﺣﻮﺗ ﻦ ﻴ ﺪ ی رﺁ ﻳ ﺋﺎ ﯽ ﺎﭘ و ﺪﻧﺎﻣ ﺎﺟﺮﺑ
رد ﻧﺎﺳﺎﺳ نارود ﯽ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻤﺳر ﻦ ﯽ هﺎﺸﻨهﺎﺷ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﺲﭘ و ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ ناﺮ زا ﻧ نﺁ ﻴ ﭘ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﺰ ﻴ ا ناوﺮ ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﻦ ﻴ رد ﻦ ا دﻮﺧ ﻳ و ناﺮ
ﺳرﺎﭘ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ﻴ ا نﺎ ﻳ ﻧاﺮ ﯽ رد ﻪﻣادا ﺪﻨه ﻳ ﺖﻓﺎ .
ﺮﮕﻳد یﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ
ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ۵ زا ٣۴ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ
ﺎﻣزﺁ ﻳ ﻣﻮﺳ ﺶ ﻴ ﺎﻣزﺁ ﻦ ﻳ ﺸ ﯽ ﮏﭼﻮﮐ مﻮﻗ ﻂﺳﻮﺗ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻳ رد دﻮﻬ ﻣزﺮﺳ ﻴ نﺎﻌﻨﮐ ﻦ ) ﻄﺴﻠﻓ ﻴ ﻦ ( و ﺪﺷ زﺎﻏﺁ رد اﺪﻌﺑ ود ﺐﻟﺎﻗ
ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻣﺎﺳ ﻦ ﯽ د ﻳ ﺮﮕ ، ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ مﻼﺳا و ﺖ ، ﺶﺨﺑ ﺎه ی ﮔرﺰﺑ ﯽ زا اﺮﻓ ار نﺎﻬﺟ ﺖﻓﺮﮔ . و ﻳ ﮔﮋ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﺮه ﻦ ﺋﺁ ﻪﺳ ﻴ ﻦ ، ﻪﮐ
ﻤهدزﻮﻧ نﺮﻗ ناﺮﮕﺸهوﮋﭘ ﯽ رﺎﺗ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦ ﺋﺁ ار ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﻳ دﻮﻬ ی ﻣﺎﻧ ﻴ ا ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪ ﻳ ود فﻼﺨﺑ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻦ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ
ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺮﺼﻣ ی ا و ﻳ ﻧاﺮ ﯽ ﺋﺎﺟ ﻪﮐ ﯽ اﺮﺑ ی رد ﺖﻧﻮﺸﺧ ﺒهﺬﻣ ﺖﻓﺎﺑ ﯽ ﻋﺎﻤﺘﺟا و ﯽ ا ،ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺸﻧ ﻞﺋﺎﻗ دﻮﺧ ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﻦ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی
ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﻳ دﻮﻬ ی ﺸﻤﺷ ﻴ ار ﺮ ﻠﺻا راﺰﺑا ﯽ ﻘﺘﺳا ﺪﻧداد راﺮﻗ دﻮﺧ شﺮﺘﺴﮔ و راﺮ . رد ﺎﺗود ی ا ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﻦ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﻪﻧﺎﮔ ﻪﺳ ، ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ
ﻳ ﺋﺁ و دﻮﻬ ﻴ مﻼﺳا ﻦ ، ا ﻳ ﺎﺳﺎﺳا ﺮﻣا ﻦ ﻳ ﺮﻓ ﮏ ﻳ ﺒهﺬﻣ ﻪﻀ ﯽ ﻟو ،ﺪﺷ مﻼﻋا ﯽ رد ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻣﻮﺳ ﻦ ﻴ ﻦ ، ﺸﻧﺎﺟ ﻴ ﻧﻮﻧﺎﻗ نﺎﻨ ﯽ ﻋ ﻴ ﺴ ﯽ ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺢ
ﻠﻋ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻴ دﻮﺧ ﺖﺳاﻮﺧ ﻢﻏﺮ وا ا ﻳ ﺸﻤﺷ ﻦ ﻴ ﺮ ﺸﮐ ﯽ ﺮﻓ ترﻮﺼﺑ ار ﻳ ﺪﻧدروﺁرد ﻪﻀ .

ﺎﺗ ﻣﺎﮕﻨه ﯽ ﺴﻣ ﻪﮐ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺖ رﺎﺗ ﻪﻨﺤﺻ ﻪﺑ ﺎﭘ مﻼﺳا و ﻳ ه ،ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاﺬﮕﻧ ﺦ ﻴ ﮕﻨﺟ ﭻ ﯽ و دﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮕﻧ ترﻮﺻ ﺐهﺬﻣ مﺎﻨﺑ
ه ﻴ ﭽ ﻴ زا ﮏ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﻃﺎﺳا ﻴ ﺮ ی زا دﻮﺑ ﻩدﺰﻧ سﺪﻘﻣ رﺎﺘﺸﮐ ﻪﺑ ﺖﺳد و ﻪﺘﻓﺮﻧ دﻮﺧ ذﻮﻔﻧ شﺮﺘﺴﮔ لﺎﺒﻧﺪﺑ روز ﻩار . ﺎﻬﻨﺗ
اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﺣﻮﺗ نﺎ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺪﻧداد رﺎﺘﺸﮐ نﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﺐهﺬﻣ مﺎﻨﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ . ﭘ ،ﺮﺑو ﺲﮐﺎﻣ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻪﺑ ﻴ زا ﺶ ﻧﺁ ﻨﮐ ﻪﮑ ﻴ ﻠﮐ و ﺎه ﻪﺴ ﻴ و ﺎهﺎﺴ
ﺸﮑﻣدﺁ ﻖﺣ نارادرﺎﺼﺤﻧا ﺪﺟﺎﺴﻣ ﯽ ه ،ﺪﻧﻮﺷ سﺪﻘﻣ ﻴ هﺎﮕﺸﺘﺳﺮﭘ ﭻ ﯽ ﻨﭼ ﻴ ﻘﺣ ﻦ ﯽ ار اﺪﺧ مﺎﻨﺑ ﻳ ﻏ نﺎ ﻴ ﺣﻮﺗ ﺮ ﻴ ﺪ ی اﺮﺑ ی دﻮﺧ
ه و ،دﻮﺑ ﻩدﺮﮑﻧ ﻪﺒﻟﺎﻄﻣ ﻴ ﺸﻤﺷ ﭻ ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺸﮐ نﺁ ﺮﻃﺎﺨﺑ ﻴ ﺋاﺪﺧ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻩﺪﺸﻧ ﻩﺪ ﯽ ﺎﺑ ار د ﻪﺑ دﻮﺧ نﻮﻧﺎﻗ ﻳ ﺪﻧﻻﻮﺒﻘﺑ ناﺮﮕ .

ﺋﺎﺠﺑﺎﺟ ﯽ اﺪﺧ ﻳ ﺣﻮﺗ نﺎ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺎﺑ اﺪﺧ ﻳ ا نﺎ ﻃﺎﺳ ﻴ ﺮ ی ، د راﺮﻘﺘﺳا ﻳ رﻮﺗﺎﺘﮑ ی ﻧﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﯽ رد ﺎﺟ ی ﺳاﺮﮑﻣد ﯽ ﭘ ﻴ ﺸ ﻴ ز ،دﻮﺑ ﻦ ﻳ نﺁ ﺎﺗ اﺮ
ا نﺎﻣز ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ﻃﺎﺳا ﮏﭼﻮﮐ و گرﺰﺑ نﺎ ﻴ ﺮ ی ﺮه رد ماﺪﮐ ﺘﺧا دﻮﺧ ﻞﻤﻋ ﻪﻘﻄﻨﻣ ﻴ ﻮﺧ دوﺪﺤﻣ رﺎ ﻳ ً ﺎﺗدﺎﻋ و ﺪﻨﺘﺷاد ار ﺶ ﻪﺑ
د رﺎﮐ ﻳ ﺘﻟﺎﺧد ناﺮﮕ ﯽ ﻧ ﯽﻤ ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ . ﻟﺎﻤﺘﺣا تﺎﻓﻼﺘﺧا ﯽ ﻧ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻴ اﺪﺧ ﻪﺑ ﻪﻌﺟاﺮﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺰ ی اﺪﺧ ﻳ نﺎ - ﻪﮐ ﻤه ﻴ ﺸﻨﻣاﺪﺧﺪﮐ ﺶﻘﻧ ﻪﺸ ﯽ
ﺖﺷاد - ﻮﺤﻧ ﻪﺑ ی ﻣﺁ ﺖﻤﻟﺎﺴﻣ ﻴ ﻞﺣ ﺰ ﯽﻣ ﺪﺷ . ﭘ ﻴ ﻣز ناوﺮ ﻴ ﻨ ﯽ ا ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ﺎﺠﺑ نﺎ ی ﺳﺮﺗ ﻴ و ﺪﻧدﻮﺑ ﺖﺳود نﺎﻧﺁ ﺎﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ زا نﺪ
ﯽﻣ ﺷﻮﮐ ﻴ ﺪﻧﺪ و ﺮﻈﻧ ﻦﺴﺣ ﺎﺗ ﻳ رﺎ ﻳ ار نﺎﺸ ﭘ ءاﺪها ﺎﺑ ﻴ ﺸﮑﺸ ﯽ ﺘﻗو و ،ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﺐﻠﺟ ﯽ زا ﻪﮐ ﻢه ﺿارﺎﻧ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺪﻧﺪﺷ
اﺪﺧ غاﺮﺳ ﻳ د نﺎ ﻳ ﺮﮕ ی ﯽﻣ ﺪﻨﺘﻓر . ﺎﺑ ﻮﻬﻇ ا ﻪﻘﻠﻄﻣ ترﺪﻗ ر ی رد ا نﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﻳ ﺰﻤه ﻦ ﻳ ﺘﺴ ﯽ د ﻳ ﺮ ﻳ درﻮﺧ ﻢهﺮﺑ ﻪﻨ ﺎﺟ و ی ار دﻮﺧ
ﺋاوﺮﻧﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﯽ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﮏ ی ﮕﺘﺨﺳ و ﻪﻣﺎﮐدﻮﺧ ﻴ ﺑ ﻪﮐ داد ﺮ ﺮ ﻪﻧ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ فﻼﺧ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺑ ﺪﺷ ﺋﻮﮕﺘﻔﮔ وا ﯽ ﻪﻧ و ﺖﺷاد ﯽﻣ ﺪﺷ
ﺷزﺎﺳ ﯽ دﺮﮐ ، ﻂﻘﻓ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻳ زا ﺖﺴ ﺳﺮﺗ وا ﻴ ﺑ و ﺪ ﯽ ار ﺶﺘﻋﺎﻃا اﺮﭼ و نﻮﭼ دﺮﮐ . ﺑ نﺮﻗ نﻮﻧﺎﻗ ﻴ ﻤﺘﺴ ﯽ » ﻳ رﻮﺸﮐ ﮏ ﻳ ﮏ
ﺖﻠﻣ ، ﻳ ﭘ ﮏ ﻴ اﻮﺸ « Ein Volk, ein Land, ein Reich, ein Fuhrer روﺁﻮﻧ ﺎﺑ ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی رد راﺮﻗﺮﺑ نﺎﻤﺳﺁ
ﺎﺟ و ﺪﺷ ی ﺷﺎﻓ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺒﻧ ﺐﺠﻌﺗ ﻴ ﺑ نﺮﻗ ﻢﺴ ﻴ ﻤﺘﺴ ﯽ ﻧ ﻴ ﺎﺑ ﺰ ﭘ ﻪﻤه ﻴ ﺎهﺪﻣﺎ ی ﻪﺑ نﺁ ار نﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﻩ ﻳ ﺪﺑﺎ .

رد رﺎﺗ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻳ ﻣﻮﻤﻋ ﺦ ﯽ زا ﻼﺒﻗ ﻪﮐ اﺪﺧ ﺖﻓر ﻦﺨﺳ نﺁ ، رد ﻤه ﻴ ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﻣﺁ ﻩرﺎﺑ ﻦ : » رد ارود اﺪﺧ ﺎﻣ ن ﻳ ﻃﺎﺳا نﺎ ﻴ ﺮ ی زا
ﻟو ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ جرﺎﺧ ﻪﻧودﺮﮔ ﯽ ﺁ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﺎﻌﻗاو ﺎ ﻳ نﺎ » ﺮﺗﺮﺑ ی « رد ﺋﺎهاﺪﺧ ﺐﻟﺎﻗ ﯽ ﺣﻮﺗ ﻪﮐ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﻣﺎﻧ ﻴ ﻩﺪ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺟ ﺪﻧﻮﺷ ﻳ ﺰﮕ ﻳ نﺎﻧﺁ ﻦ
ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ؟ ﺮﮔا و ﻨﭼ ﻴ ا ،ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻦ ﻳ ﻦ » ﺮﺗﺮﺑ ی « ﻄﺑاﻮﺿ ﻪﭼ ﻩداز ﯽ ﭘ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻴ زا ﺶ ؟ﺖﺳا ﻪﺘﺷاﺪﻧ دﻮﺟو نﺁ ﯽﻣ ﻧاد ﻴ ﻪﮐ ﻢ
شزرا ﺎه ی ﻨﺑ ﻴ دﺎ ی ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺖ ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ ﺧا د قﻮﻘﺣ ﻪﺑ ماﺮﺘﺣا و ﺖﻟاﺪﻋ و قﻼ ﻳ نﺪﻤﺗ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ناﺮﮕ ﻳ ﻧﺎﻧﻮ ﯽ ﻪﻧ و ﺖﻓﺮﮔ ﺞﻀﻧ
ﻠﮐ ﺖﺳﺪﺑ ﻴ ﺎﺴ ی ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﯽ ، ﻮﻨﻌﻣ ﻂﺑاﻮﺿ و ی ا ﻳ ﻧﺎﻬﺟ ﻦ ﯽ و ﻧﺎﻬﺟ نﺁ ﯽ ﻧ مﻼﺳا ﻴ ا ﮓﻨهﺮﻓ ﻂﺑاﻮﺿ ﺰ ﻳ ﻧاﺮ ﯽ د و ﻳ ﮓﻨهﺮﻓ ﺮﮕ ﺎه ﺋ ﯽ
رد ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﺪﻧﺪﺷ مﺎﻏدا مﻼﺳا نﺎﻬﺟ . ﻳ دﻮﻬ ﻳ ﺎﺗ ﻢه ﺖ ﺴﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺎﺠﻧﺁ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﻧرد ﺖ ﻴ ﻣﺎ ﻴ اﻮﺿ ﻻﻮﺻا دﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﺨ ﻄﺑ ﯽ ﻗﻼﺧا ﯽ ﺖﺷاﺪﻧ
رواد کﻼﻣ ﻪﮐ ی راﺮﻗ ﮔ ﻴ دﺮ . «

ﺁ ﻳ ا ﺎﻌﻗاو ﺎ ﻳ ﺋﺁ ﻦ ﻴ ﺎه ﻦ ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ، ﺻا ﺖﺷادﺮﺑ ﻴ ﻮﻨﻌﻣ و ﺮﺗ ﻞ ی ﺮﺗ ی زا ار مﻮﻬﻔﻣ » اﺪﺧ « ﺪﻧدروﺁ ﻩاﺮﻤه ﻪﺑ ؟ رد ﺎﭘ ﻳ نﺮﻗ نﺎ
ﻧ ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ ﻴ رد ﻪﭽ ﺎه ﺖﺑ بوﺮﻏ دﻮﺧ فوﺮﻌﻣ بﺎﺘﮐ Gotzendammerung ﺖﺷﻮﻧ : » اﺮﺑ ی ا ﻳ ﺷﺎﺒﻧ ﺖﺳﺮﭘ ﺖﺑ ﻪﮑﻨ ﯽ ،
ﻓﺎﮐ ﯽ ﻧ ﻴ ﺖﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺴ ﺎه ﺷﺎﺑ ﻩدﺮﮐ نﻮﮔژاو ار ﯽ ، ﺎﺑ ﻳ ﺪ ﻮﺧ ی ﺘﺳﺮﭘ ﺖﺑ ﯽ ﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ کﺮﺗ ار ﯽ « ، ﺋﺁ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ و ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی
ﻣﺎﺳ ﯽ زا ﺪﻧدﺮﮐ ﻪﺿﺮﻋ ﻧ ﺮﻈﻧ ﻴ ﺘﺳﺮﭘ ﺖﺑ کﺮﺗ ﻪﭽ ﯽ ﺋﺎﺠﺑﺎﺟ ﻂﻘﻓ ،دﻮﺒﻧ ﯽ ﺖﺑ ﺎه ﺋ ﯽ ﮏﭼﻮﮐ ﺑ ﺘﺑ ﺎ ﯽ ﻪﻤه ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﺮﺘﮔرﺰﺑ
و ﻳ ﮔﮋ ﯽ ﺎه ی ﻧﺎﺴﻧا ﯽ ﺖﺑ ﺎه ی ﭘ ﻴ ﺸ ﻴ ار ﻦ ﺎﺑ ،ﺖﺷاد ا ﻳ ﺘﺧا و ترﺪﻗ ﻪﮐ توﺎﻔﺗ ﻦ ﻴ ﻠﮐ رﺎ ﻴ ﺁ ﻪ ار ﺎﻬﻧ ﻳ رد ﺎﺠﮑ دﻮﺑ ﻩداد ﺰﮐﺮﻤﺗ دﻮﺧ .

رد ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ نﺮﻗ ﻪﺳ ، ﺳرﺮﺑ درﻮﻣ ار ﯽﻔﺴﻠﻓ ﺖﺷادﺮﺑ ﻦﻳا بﺮﻏ نﺎﻬﺟ ﺮﻈﻨﺒﺣﺎﺻ و ﺮﮕﺸهوﮋﭘ و ﺪﻨﻤﺸﻳﺪﻧا ﺎهﺪﺻ ﯽ ﺎه ی
کﺮﺘﺸﻣ یﺮﻴﮔ ﻪﺠﻴﺘﻧ و ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﺷ ﺮﺸﺘﻨﻣ ﻪﻟﺎﺳر و بﺎﺘﮐ ﺎهﺪﺻ ترﻮﺼﺑ نﻮﻨﮐﺎﺗ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻞﺻﺎﺣ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻩداد راﺮﻗ یا ﻩدﺮﺘﺴﮔ
ﺳرﺮﺑ ﻦﻳا ﻪﻤه ﺎﺒﻳﺮﻘﺗ ﯽ ﺎه بﺎﺘﮐ رد ﻪﮐ ترﻮﺻ ناﺪﺑ ،ﺰﻴﻧ یﺪﻴﺣﻮﺗ نﺎﻳاﺪﺧ ﻦﻳا ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻦﻳا ﺎه ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻪﺿﺮﻋ سﺪﻘﻣ ی
بﺎﺘﮐ ﻦﻳا رد ﺎﻬﻧﺁ نﺎﺑز زا ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ور ﻦﻴﻤه زا و ،وا ﻩﺪﻨﻨﻳﺮﻓﺁ ﻪﻧ و ﺪﻨﻧﺎﺴﻧا ﻩﺪﻳﺮﻓﺁ دﻮﺧ ﻪﺑﻮﻨﺑ ﺎه ﺎﺒﻟﺎﻏ ﻩﺪﻣﺁ
ﺾﻗﺎﻨﺘﻣ ﺑ ﺖﻴﻌﻗاو ﺎ ﺎه ﺪﺑ فﻼﺧ دراﻮﻣ رﺎﻴﺴﺑ رد و ﯽﺨﻳرﺎﺗ یﺎه ﺖﻴﻌﻗاو و ﯽﻤﻠﻋ ی ﺖﺳا ﯽﻗﻼﺧا ﻂﺑاﻮﺿ ﻦﻳﺮﺗ ﯽﻬﻳ .
ناﺪﻨﻤﺸﻳﺪﻧا ﻦﻳا ﯽﻔﺴﻠﻓ و ﯽﻤﻠﻋ ﺖﻴﺼﺨﺷ ، ناﻮﺌﻋ ﻪﺑ ﻪﮐ یا ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ زا ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﯽﻣ ا ناﻮﺗ ،ﺖﻨﺘﮐ ،ﻦﺗﻮﻴﻧ ،ﺲﺘﻴﻧ ،ﺐﻳ ﻻ ز
ورﺪﻳد ،ﻮﺳور ،ﺮﺘﻟو ، ﻞﮕه ، ﻮﺑ ﻳ وراد ،روﺎﻬﻨﭘﻮﺷ ،ﻞ ﻳ ﻧ ،ﻻوز ،ﺲﻠﮕﻧا ،نﺎﻧر ،ﻦ ﻴ ﻪﭽ ، ﺎه ﻳ وﺮﻓ ،ﺮﮔﺪ ﻳ ا ،ﺪ ﻳ ﺎﺘﺸﻨ ﻳ ﺪﻧاﺮﺗﺮﺑ ،ﻦ
ﺮﮕﻳد یﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ
ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ۶ زا ٣۴ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ
ﻮﺗ ،ﻞﺳار ﻳ ﺑ ﻦ ،ﯽ ﺘﻣ ،ﺰﻟو ﻟﺮ ﻴ ﻧ نﺁ ﻩزﺎﺟا ،دﺮﺑ مﺎﻧ ،ﮏﻨ ﯽﻤ ﺎهﺮﻈﻧ رﺎﻬﻇا ﻪﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺪهد ی ﮔدﺎﺳ ﻪﺑ نﺎﻧﺁ ﯽ ﺮﻬﻣ زرو ضﺮﻏ ی
دﻮﺷ ﻩدز . ا ﺐﻟﺎﻏ ﻪﭽﻧﺁ ﻳ رد نﺎﻨ ا ﻳ ﺑ ﺎﺘﺳار ﻦ ﻴ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاد نﺎ ، ﻧ اﺪﺧ رﺎﮑﻧا ﻴ ﺋاﺪﺧ نﺁ رﺎﮑﻧا ،ﺖﺴ ﯽ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﺎه ی سﺪﻘﻣ
ﻧ و ،ﺪﻧا ﻩدﺮﮐ ﻪﺿﺮﻋ ﻴ وا ﻩرﺎﺑرد ﻪﭽ زا نﺎﺑز ﻳ ﻏ ﮏ ﻴ ﻮﮕﺒ ی رود دﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻦﻬﮐ : » ﺪﺑ ﺘﺨﺑ ﯽ ﺒﺑ ار ﻴ رد ﻪﮐ ﻦ ور ی ﻣز ﻴ ﻦ
ﺪﺒﺗ ﻦﻬﮐ ناروﺮﺳ ﻳ ﺎﻣوﺮﻓ ﻪﺑ ﻞ ﻳ و ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻮﻧ نﺎﮕ رد نﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﻧ ﻴ اﺪﺧ ﺰ ﺋ ﯽ ﻳ دﻮﻬ ی زا ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﻣﺁرد رﺎﮐ . «

ﺮﮔا ﺪﻧا ﻢه ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻪﺸ ی ﺪﺣاو ، رﻮﻄﺑ ﻳ ز ﻪﮑ ﻳ وﺮﻓ ﺪﻧﻮﻤﮕ ﻳ ﻘﻋ ﺪ ﻴ رد ،دراد ﻩﺪ رد و ﻦﻬﮐ ﺮﺼﻣ نارود ﻳ نﻮﻋﺮﻓ ﮏ » ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی «
ﺋاﺪﺧ ،دﻮﺑ ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ﻞﮑﺷ ﯽ مﺎﻨﺑ اﺪﻌﺑ ﻪﮐ ﻳ ﻩﻮﻬ ﻟوا ﻴ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ی » ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی « ه ،ﺪﺷ ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷ ﻴ ﺘهﺎﺒﺷ ﭻ ﯽ ﺎﺑ » نﻮﺗﺁ « ﺮﺼﻣ ی ﻪﮐ
ﻧﺎﻓﺮﻋ ﺮﻬﻈﻣ ﯽ ا ﻪﻧاﺮﻋﺎﺷ و ی ز زا ﻳ ﺋﺎﺒ ﯽ ﻮﻨﻌﻣ و غوﺮﻓ و ﻳ ﺖﺷاﺪﻧ دﻮﺑ ﺖ ، ﺋاﺪﺧ ﻪﮑﻠﺑ ﯽ وﺮﺷﺮﺗ ، ﮐ ﻴ زﻮﺗ ﻪﻨ ، ﺑ ﻴ دﻮﺧ و ﻢﺣﺮ
ﺪﻬﺗ نﺎﺑز ﺎﺑ ﻂﻘﻓ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻩاﻮﺧ ﻳ ﻦﺨﺳ بﺎﻋرا و ﺪ ﯽﻣ و ﺖﻔﮔ ا ﺎﻬﻨﺗ دﻮﺧ نﺎﮔﺪﻨﺑ زا ﻳ زا ﻪﮐ ﺖﺷاد ار ﻊﻗﻮﺗ ﻦ وا ﺪﻨﺳﺮﺘﺑ ، و
ا ﻪﻧ ﻳ وا ﻪﮑﻨ ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد ﺖﺳود ار . دﻮﺧ ﻳ رد ﻩﻮﻬ ﻮﺧ تارﻮﺗ ﻳ ﺋاﺪﺧ ار ﻦﺘﺸ ﯽ دﻮﺴﺣ ) جوﺮﺧ ﺮﻔﺳ ، ﺑ بﺎﺑ ﻴ ،ﻢﺘﺴ ١۵ ( ،
ﺑ ﻴ ﻢﺣﺮ ) ﺮﻔﺳ جوﺮﺧ ، ﻢهدزاود بﺎﺑ ، ٢٩ ( و ، ﻳ ﺮﮕﻧاﺮ ) ﭘ ﺮﻔﺳ ﻴ اﺪ ﻳ ،ﻢهدزﻮﻧ بﺎﺑ ،ﺶ ٢۴ ( روﺮﻐﻣ ، ) ﺮﻔﺳ ،جوﺮﺧ بﺎﺑ
،ﻢهدرﺎﻬﭼ ۴ ( ﺎﺘﺳدﻮﺧ ، ) ﻢهدرﺎﻬﭼ بﺎﺑ ،جوﺮﺧﺮﻔﺳ ، ۵ ( لﺎﻣ ، زوﺪﻧا ) ﺳ بﺎﺑ ،داﺪﻋا ﺮﻔﺳ ﯽ و ﻳ ﻢﮑ ، ٣٧ - ۴١ ( ﻮﺠﻣﺎﻘﺘﻧا ،
) ﻊﺷﻮه ، ،ﻢﺘﻔه بﺎﺑ ٢٣ ( ﻓﺮﻌﻣ ، ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﭘ و ،ﺪﻨﮐ ﻴ ﻧ وا ناﺮﺒﻤﻐ ﻴ ﺎهرﻮﺘﺳد زا ﺰ ی و ﺪﮐﻮﻣ ی رد مﺎﻋ ﻞﺘﻗ ) ﺤﺻ ﻴ ﻪﻔ ﻳ ﻊﺷﻮ ( و
رادﺮﺑ ﻩﻼﮐ ی ) جوﺮﺧ ﺮﻔﺳ ، بﺎﺑ ﻳ ،ﻢهدزﺎ ٢ ( ﻦﺨﺳ ﯽﻣ ﻮﮔ ﻳ ﺪﻨ .

رد ﺮه ﻧﺎﻤﺳﺁ بﺎﺘﮐ ﻪﺳ ﯽ ، اﺪﺧ ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی اﺪﺧ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻤه ﻳ ﻃﺎﺳا نﺎ ﻴ ﺮ ی ، رد ﻧﺎﺴﻧا ﻩﺮﻬﭼ ﯽ ﻮﺼﺗ ﻳ ﺮ ﯽﻣ دﻮﺷ : رد ﺎﺑ تارﻮﺗ
ﭘ ﻴ اﺬﻏ دﻮﺧ ناﺮﺒﻤﻐ ﯽﻣ ُ ﮐ و درﻮﺧ ﺘﺸ ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﮔ ﻴ دﺮ ُ ﮐ ﺪﺼﻗ و ﺸ ــ ﺘ ـ ر نﺎﺸﻨ ا ﯽﻣ رد ،ﺪﻨﮐ ﺠﻧا ﻴ ﺮﺑ نﺁﺮﻗ و ﻞ ور ی ﺘﺨﺗ ﯽ ﻪﺘﺴﺸﻧ
رد ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻳ رد بﺮﻘﻣ ﮏﻠﻣ ﺖﻔه ﺎﺠﮑ ا شﺮﺑاﺮﺑ ﻳ ﺪﻧا ﻩدﺎﺘﺴ ) ﻳ لوا بﺎﺑ ،ﺎﻨﺣﻮ ، ۴٠ ( رد و ﺎﺟ ی د ﻳ َ ﻣ ﺖﺸه ﺮﮕ ـ َ ﻠ ﺮﺑ اﺮﻧﺁ ﮏ
شود ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﻓﺮﮔ ) ﻪﻗﺎﺤﻟا ، ١٧ .( رد ﮐ ﻪﺳ ﺮه بﺎﺘ یﺪﻴﺣﻮﺗ ﺳﻮﻣ ﯽ اﺪﺧ ار زا رد وﺮﺑور ﻻﺎﺑ ی رﻮﻃ ﻩﻮﮐ ) ﺳ ﻴ ﺎﻨ ( ﻣ ﯽ ﺑ ﻴ و ﺪﻨ
وا ﺎﺑ فﺮﺣ ﯽﻣ و ،ﺪﻧز رد ﺸﻧ تارﻮﺗ ﻴ ﻧ ار ﺶهﺎﮕﻨﻤ ﻴ ﺳﻮﻣ ﻪﺑ ﺰ ﯽ نﺎﺸﻧ ﯽﻣ ﺪهد ) جوﺮﺧﺮﻔﺳ ، ﺳ بﺎﺑ ﯽ و ،مﻮﺳ ١٩ ( و ،
ﭘ ﻴ د ﺮﺒﻤﻐ ﻳ ار دواد شﺮﮕ رد ور ی رد دﻮﺧ ﺖﺨﺗ ﻮﺧ ﺖﺳار ﺖﺳد ﻳ ﺶ ﯽﻣ ﺸﻧ ﺪﻧﺎ ) ﻗﺰﺣ ﻴ ﺒﻧ لﺎ ،ﯽ ﺑ بﺎﺑ ﻴ مرﺎﻬﭼ و ﺖﺴ .( ﻪﻤه
ا ﻳ ﺗﺎﺼﺨﺸﻣ ﺎﻬﻨ ﯽ اﺪﺧ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻳ ﻏ نﺎ ﻴ ﺣﻮﺗ ﺮ ﻴ ﺪ ی ، نﻮﻤﻋ ، خودﺮﻣ ،ﻞﻌﺑ ، ﭘوژ ،سﻮﺋز ﻴ ﻧ ﺮﺘ ﻴ کﺮﺘﺸﻣ ﻪﺟو و ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاد ﺰ
ا ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻪﻤه ﻳ ﻣدﺁ ﻞﮑﺷ ﻢه ﻪﮐ ﻩدﻮﺑ ﻦ ﯽ ار ﻣدﺁ ﺺﺋﺎﺼﺧ ﻢه ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاد ﻴ ار نﺎ .

رد ﺖﺳرد ﺎﻗﺎﻔﺗا و ه ﻤ ﻴ ﻪﮐ رﻮﻄﻧﺎﻤه ،درﻮﻣ ﻦ Einstein ﯽﻣ ﻮﻧ ﻳ ﺪﺴ : » ﺎﺷ ﻳ رد ناﻮﺘﺑ ﺪ ا ﻳ ﻦ دﺮﺗ ﻳ ﺪ دﺮﮐ اﺪﺧ ﻪﮐ ﻻﻮﺻا
دراد دﻮﺟو ﻳ ﻪﻧ ﺎ ، ﺮﻓﺁ ﻪﻧﻮﮕﭼ تﺎﻨﺋﺎﮐ و ﻳ ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪﺷ ﻩﺪ ، ا و ﻳ ﺪﺑا تﺎﻨﺋﺎﮐ ﻦ ی ﺖﺳا ﻳ ﻧ ﺎ ﻴ ﺖﺴ ، ﻟو ﯽ رد ه ﻴ ﻧ ترﻮﺻ ﭻ ﯽﻤ ناﻮﺗ
ﻨﭼ ﻪﮐ دﺮﮐ لﻮﺒﻗ ﻴ ﺋاﺪﺧ ﻦ ﯽ زا دﺰﻧ ﻳ ﮏ ﻳ ﺎ زا ﻪﺑ ،رود ﻳ ﺎﭘود نﺎﺴﻧا ﮏ ی ور ی ﻣز ﻴ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﺘﺷاد ﺖهﺎﺒﺷ ﻦ . «

و زا ﻳ ﮔﮋ ﯽ ﺎه ی د ﻳ ا ﺮﮕ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﻦ ﻳ ﺣﻮﺗ نﺎ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﻤه ﻪﮐ ﻴ ا ﻦ ﻳ ﺎﺘﺸﻨ ﻳ ﺬﭘ ﻪﺑ ﺮﺿﺎﺣ ﺎﻘﻠﻄﻣ ﻦ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻦﺘﻓﺮ ﻧ ﻴ ﺖﺴ ، ﺋﻮﺠﮕﻨﺟ ﯽ و نﺎﻧﺁ
ﺗﻮﻋد ﯽ و ترﺎﻏ و رﺎﺘﺸﮐ ﻪﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻳ ﺮﮕﻧاﺮ ی ﯽﻣ ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ، ﺮه ﻪﺑ ﻟد ﻴ ﻠ ﯽ و ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﻬﺟﻮﺗ ﺮه ﺎﺑ ﯽ ا ﻩرﺎﺑرد ﻪﮐ ﻳ ﺸﮑﻣدﺁ ﻦ ﯽ
دﻮﺷ ﻩدروﺁ سﺪﻘﻣ . ﻌﻗاو ﻴ رﺎﺗ ﺖ ﻳ ﺨ ﯽ رد ا ﻳ ا درﻮﻣ ﻦ ﻳ ود ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻦ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻼﺳا ﻦ ﺴﻣ و م ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﺖ - ا ﺎﻬﻨﺗ و ﻳ ود ﻦ ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ - ﻩراﻮﻤه
د ﻳ ﺮﭙﻣا ﻩﺎﮔﺪ ﻳ ﻟﺎ ﻴ ﺒهﺬﻣ ﻢﺴ ﯽ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاد ، ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ ﺮﺑ ار دﻮﺧ نﻮﻧﺎﻗ ﻪﺤﻠﺳا روز ﻪﺑ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺳاﻮﺧ ﻤﺤﺗ نﺎﻬﺟ ﺮﺳاﺮﺳ ﻴ ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﻞ . ﻳ ﮑ ﯽ
ﺎﺘﻧ زا ﻳ ﺬﭘﺎﻧ بﺎﻨﺘﺟا ﺞ ﻳ ا ﺮ ﻳ ﺮﭙﻣا ﻖﻄﻨﻣ ﻦ ﻳ ﻟﺎ ﻴ ﺘﺴ ﯽ ا ﻳ ﺪﻌﺳ ﻪﺘﻔﮔ ﻪﺑ نﻮﭼ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻦ ی رد ﻩﺎﺷدﺎﭘ ود ﻠﻗا ﻴ ﻤ ﯽ ﺪﻨﺠﻨﮕﻧ اﺮﺑ ی ود
ﺧ اﺪ ی ﺸﻧﻻﺎﺑ ﻴ ﻧ ﻦ ﻴ ﺰﻤه نﺎﮑﻣا ﺰ ﻳ ﺘﺴ ﯽ رد نﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﻳ رد ﺎ ﻣز ﻴ ﺖﺳا ﻩدﻮﺒﻧ ﻦ . ﻮﺗ ﺪﻟﻮﻧرﺁ ﻳ ﺑ ﻦ ،ﯽ ﺮﺗ سﺎﻨﺷﺮﺳ ﻳ ﺮﺼﻋ خرﻮﻣ ﻦ
ﺎﻣ ، رد ا ﻳ رد ﻩرﺎﺑ ﻦ » ﺳرﺮﺑ ﯽ رﺎﺗ ﻳ ﺦ « دﻮﺧ ﯽﻣ ﻮﻧ ﻳ ﺪﺴ : » رﺪﺗ ﺶهﺎﮐ ﻳ ﺠ ﯽ ﺴﻘﺗ مﺎﺠﻧاﺮﺳ و ﺐهاﺬﻣ رﺎﻤﺷ ﻴ ﺋﺁ ﺪﻨﭼ ﻪﺑ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﻢ ﻴ ﻦ
ﻣاﺰﻟا درﻮﺧﺮﺑ ،ﺺﺨﺸﻣ ﯽ ﻮﺟ ﻪﻄﻠﺳ ﺐهﺬﻣ ود ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ ﺴﻣ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﻼﺳا و ﺖ دروﺁ لﺎﺒﻧد ﻪﺑ ار م ، ﻳ ﻨﻌ ﯽ ﺪﺒﺗ ﻳ ﻌﻗاو ﻪﺑ ﻞ ﻴ ﺖ
ﻧدﺮﮑﻧروﺎﺑ ﯽ ﺪﺷ اﺪﺧ ﺎﺑ اﺪﺧ ﮓﻨﺟ . «

زرا ﻳ ﺑﺎ ﯽ بﺎﺘﮐ » رﺎﺗ ﻳ اﺪﺧ ﺦ « ﺖﻓر نﺁ ﺮﮐذ ﻼﺒﻗ ﻪﮐ ، زرا ﻳ ﺑﺎ ﯽ د ﺐﻟﺎﺟ ﻳ ﺮﮕ ی رد ﻤه ﻴ ﻣز ﻦ ﻴ ﻪﻨ ﺖﺳا : » رﺎﺗ ﻪﻤه ﻳ ﺴﻣ ﺦ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ و ﺖ
ﻪﺘﺷﺬﮔ نﺎﻨﭼ مﻼﺳا ﺋﻮﮔ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﯽ ﻠﮐ ﻴ ﺪﺒﺗ ﺖﻟﺎﺳر ﺪﺠﺴﻣ و ﺎﺴ ﻳ ﻬﻟا ﻞ ﻴ ﺋﺁ ﻪﺑ ار تﺎ ﻴ ﻪﻣﺎﻧ ﻦ ﻳ ﺮﭙﻣا ﮏ ﻳ ﻟﺎ ﻴ ﻧﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﻢﺴ ﯽ ﻩﺪﻬﻌﺑ
و ،ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاد دﻮﺧ رد ا ﻳ ﮓﻨﺟ ﺎﺘﺳار ﻦ ﺎه ی ﻠﺻ ﻪﻟﺎﺳ ﺪﺻ ﺪﻨﭼ ﻴ ﺒ ﯽ ﻟﺎﺗﻮﺗ ود درﻮﺧﺮﺑ ﻴ رﺎﺘ ﻳ ﺒهﺬﻣ ﻢﺴ ﯽ ﺑ ﻴ ﺖﺳا ﻩدﻮﺒﻧ ﺶ . رد
ا ﻳ ﭘ ﻦ ﻴ ﺗاﺮﻤﻌﺘﺴﻣ رﺎﮑ ﯽ ، ﻳ ﺴﻣ ﻩﻮﻬ ﻴ ﺤ ﻴ ﷲا و نﺎ ﺋﺎه لﺎﺷرﺎﻣ ﺶﻘﻧ نﺎﻧﺎﻤﻠﺴﻣ ﯽ ار ا ﻳ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻩدﺮﮐ ﺎﻔ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻳ ﻧ ﺪ ﻴ ﺎهوﺮ ی ﺖﺤﺗ
هﺪﻧﺎﻣﺮﻓ ﯽ ﺟ ﻪﺑ ار دﻮﺧ ﺋﺎﺸﮕﻧﺎﻬ ﯽ ﺮﺒهر لﺎﻤﮐ و مﺎﻤﺗ ی ا ﻮﻟو ،ﺪﻨﻨﮐ ﻳ ﻨﭼ مﺎﺠﻧا ﻪﮑﻨ ﻴ ا ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻦ ی دﻮﺑﺎﻧ مﺰﻠﺘﺴﻣ ی ﻪﻤه
ﺋﺎﻬﻧﺁ ﯽ ﺑ لﻮﺒﻗ ﻩدﺎﻣﺁ ﻪﮐ ﺪﺷﺎﺑ ﯽ و نﻮﭼ اﺮﭼ ی ا ﻳ ﺮﭙﻣا ﻢﻈﻧ ﻦ ﻳ ﻟﺎ ﻴ ﺘﺴ ﯽ ز ،ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺒﻧ ﻳ ا ﻪﮐ اﺮ ﻳ ﺎﻣاﺰﻟا نﺎﻨ ﻳ ﺪﻧﺮﻓﺎﮐ ﺎ ، ﻳ ،ﻞهﺎﺟ ﺎ ﻳ ﺎ
ﭘ ﻴ ﺷ ناوﺮ ﻴ نﺎﻄ ، ﺴﺑ لﺎﻤﺘﺣ ﺎﺑ و ﻴ ﺮه رﺎ ا ﻪﺳ ﻳ ﺎﻬﻨ . ﻨﭼ و ﻴ رد ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻦ ﻃ ﺋﺁ نوﺮﻗ لﻮ ﻴ ﺎه ﻦ ی » ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی « ار دﻮﺧ ﻪﮐ
ﺎﻤﻧ ﻳ ﺋاﺪﺧ نﺎﮔﺪﻨ ﯽ رد کﺮﺘﺸﻣ ور ی ﻣز ﻴ ﺑ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺴﻧاد ﻦ ﻴ زا ﺶ ﻪﻤه » ﻏ ﻴ ﺮ ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺎه « ﺘﺷﺁ نﺎﻨﻤﺷد ﯽ ﺬﭘﺎﻧ ﻳ ﺮ ﻳ ﺪﮑ ﻳ زا ﺮﮕ
ﺮﮕﻳد یﺪﻟﻮﺗ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦﻳرﺎﺗ رد یﺮﻴﺳ
ﻪﺤﻔﺻ ٧ زا ٣۴ ﻪﺤﻔﺻ
و ،ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪﻣﺁرد رﺎﮐ ﭘ ﻴ ﻧ ﺎﻬﻧﺁ ناﺮﺒﻤﻐ ﻴ ﻪﮐ ﺰ ﯽﻣ ﺎﺑ ﻳ ﭘ ﺖﺴ ﻴ ﻧاﺮﺒﻣﺎ ﯽ رد ﺪﻨﺷﺎﺑ نﺎﺑﺰﻤه و لﺪﻤه ﺎه لاﺮﻧژ ﺶﻘﻧ ی ﺳﺎﻧ ﻴ ﻟﺎﻧﻮ ﻴ ﺖﺴ
ﺑ ﻴ زا ﺶ ﺲﮐﺮه د ﻳ ور ﻪﺑ ﺮﮕ ی ﻳ ﺪﮑ ﻳ ﺸﻤﺷ ﺮﮕ ﻴ ﺸﮐ ﺮ ﻴ ﺪﻧا ﻩﺪ . «

ﻤه ﻴ رد ﻖﻘﺤﻣ ﻦ ﺎﺟ ی د ﻳ زا ﺮﮕ ا ﻳ زرا ﻦ ﻳ ﺑﺎ ﯽ دﻮﺧ ﯽﻣ ﻮﻧ ﻳ ﺪﺴ :

» رﺎﺗ ﻳ ﺮﭘ ﺐهاﺬﻣ ﺦ ﺎه ﻪﻧﻮﻤﻧ زا ی ﻧﺎﺴﮐ ﯽ ﻇو مﺎﺠﻧا سﺎﺴﺣا ﺎﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ﻴ ﺒهﺬﻣ ﻪﻔ ﯽ ، ﺎﺑ نﺁ لﺎﺒﻧﺪﺑ و ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺸﮐ مدﺁ اﺪﺧ مﺎﻨﺑ
رد ﻩدﻮﺳﺁ ناﺪﺟو ز ،ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺴﺸﻧ ﺖﺸﻬﺑ رﺎﻈﺘﻧا ﻳ ﺮﺑ اﺮ ا ﻳ ار دﺎﻘﺘﻋا ﻦ ﻠﮐ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻨﻧﺎﻧﺁ ﺎﻬﻨﺗ ﻪﮐ ﺪﻧا ﻩدﻮﺑ ﺦﺳ ﻴ ﻘﺣ رادﺪ ﻴ ﻖﻠﻄﻣ ﺖﻘ
ﻬﻟا ﯽ ﺪﻨﺘﺴه . ﺰﮔ ﻳ ﺶﻨ ﻳ ﭘ ﮏ ﻴ ﺘﺧﻻا مﺎﺗ ﺮﺒﻣﺎ ﻴ اﺮﻓ ،نﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﺐﻧﺎﺟ زا رﺎ ﻣاﺰﻟا نﺪﻧاﻮﺧ ﯽ رد ﮓﻨﺟ ور ی ﻣز ﻴ ز ،ﺖﺳا ﻦ ﻳ اﺮ
ﺬﭘﺎﻧ بﺎﻨﺘﺟا مﻮﻬﻔﻣ ﻳ ﺖﻟﺎﺧد ﺮ ﻳ ﻧﺎﻤﺳﺁ ﻩدﺎﺘﺳﺮﻓ ﮏ ﯽ رد ﻣز رﻮﻣا ﻴ ﻨ ﯽ ﻣ کﺎﮑﻄﺻا ﻴ ﻧﺎﺴﮐ نﺎ ﯽ وﺪﺑ ﻪﮐ ﺖﺳا ا ﻳ ﺪﻧا ﻩدروﺁ نﺎﻤ
ﮐ و ﻧﺎﺴ ﯽ زا ﻪﮐ ا لﻮﺒﻗ ﻳ ا ﻦ ﻳ ﺪﻧا ﻩدز زﺎﺑﺮﺳ نﺎﻤ ﻳ ﻋﻼﻃا ﻼﺻا ﺎ ﯽ ﺮﺑ ﻨﭼ دﻮﺟو ﻴ ﺪﻧا ﻪﺘﺷاﺪﻧ ﻩدﺎﺘﺳﺮﻓ ﻦ . ندﺎﺘﺳﺮﻓ ﻳ ﭘ ﮏ ﻴ ﺮﺒﻣﺎ ،
ﻨﭼ دﻮﺨﺑ دﻮﺧ ﻴ ﻨﻌﻣ ﻦ ﯽ ﯽﻣ ﻣ ﺪﻧواﺪﺧ ﻪﮐ ﺪهد ﻴ ﺧﺮﺑ نﺎ ﯽ ﺮﻓﺁ زا ﻳ ﻮﺧ نﺎﮔﺪ ﻳ ﺧﺮﺑ ﺎﺑ ﺶ ﯽ د ﻳ زا ﺮﮕ ﻩدز بﺎﺨﺘﻧا ﻪﺑ ﺖﺳد ﺎﻬﻧﺁ
ﺖﺳا ، و ﻨﭼ ﻴ ﺑﺎﺨﺘﻧا ﻦ ﯽ ﺑﺎﺨﺘﻧا ﻩاﻮﺧﺎﻧ ﻩاﻮﺧ ﯽ ﻧﻮﺧ ﻴ ا ﻦ ﺖﺳ . ﻧﺎﺣور ﻴ ﺎه ﺖ ی ﺳﺮﺗ ﺎﺑ ﻢﮐﺎﺣ ﻴ ﻮﺼﺗ ﻢ ﻳ ﺮﺑ اﺪﺧ ﺮ ور ی ﺸﻤﺷ ﻴ ﺮ ،
هﺎﻣ ﻴ ﻐﺗ اﺪﺧ ﺎﺑ ار دﻮﺧ ﻪﻄﺑار ﺖ ﻴﻴ ﺪﻧداد ﺮ . ﭘ ﻴ زا ﺶ زا سﺮﺗ نﺁ » ﻪﺘﺧﺎﻨﺷﺎﻧ « ﻧ ﻴ ﺚﻋﺎﺑ ار اﺪﺧ ﻪﺑ زﺎ ﯽﻣ ﺪﺷ ، ﻟو ﯽ ا ﻳ سﺮﺗ ﻦ
ﺎﺟ اﺪﻌﺑ ی زا سﺮﺗ ﻪﺑ ار دﻮﺧ » اﺪﺧ ی د نﺁ ﻳ ﺮﮕ ی « داد ﺎﺸﮕهار ﻪﮐ ی ﻣاﺰﻟا ﯽ ﮐ ﻴ زﻮﺗ ﻪﻨ ی ﺑ ﻴ ز رﺎﺘﺸﮐ و ﺮﺘﺸ ﻳ ﺑ ﺮﺗدﺎ دﻮ . و
ﻨﭼ ﻴ ﺮﺗرﻮﺷﺮﭘ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻦ ﻳ ﺘﺷا ﻦ ﻴ ﻣدﺁ قﺎ ﻴ ﺘﺳد ﻪﺑ نﺎ ﻴ ﺑﺎ ﯽ ﺖﻟاﺪﻋ و ﺢﻠﺻ ﻪﺑ ، ﺪﺒﺗ ﻳ ﻪﺑ ﻞ ﻳ ﺳ ﮏ ﻴ ﻢﻈﻨﻣ ﻢﺘﺴ و ر ﻪﻣﺎﻧﺮﺑ ﻳ ﺰ ی ﻩﺪﺷ
ﺸﮑﻣدﺁ ﯽ ﺪﺷ ، ﺐهاﺬﻣ و » ﺣﻮﺗ ﻴ ﺪ ی « ه ﻴ ﺎه ﻪﻤ ی ار خزود رد ﻤه ﻴ ﺪﻨﺘﺧوﺮﻓاﺮﺑ نﺎﻬﺟ ﻦ . «

ا ﻳ ﺸﮑﻣدﺁ ﻪﻧاوﺮﭘ ﻦ ﯽ رد ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﺎه ی ﺣﻮﺗ ﻪﻧﺎﮔ ﻪﺳ ﻴ ﺪ ی ﺮﺑ ﻄﺑاﻮﺿ سﺎﺳا ﯽ ﺸﻧ ردﺎﺻ کﺮﺘﺸﻣ ﺖﺳا ﻩﺪ : رد ﺋﺁ ﻴ ﻦ ﻳ دﻮﻬ
ﺸﮑﻣدﺁ ﯽ رﺎﺘﺸﮐ عﻮﻧ نﺁ ﻂﻘﻓ سﺪﻘﻣ ی ﻣﺄﺗ ﺮﻃﺎﺨﺑ ﻪﮐ دﻮﺑ ﻴ دﺎﻣ ﻊﻓﺎﻨﻣ ﻦ ی ﺋاﺮﺳا مﻮﻗ ﻴ مﺎﺠﻧا ﻞ ﯽﻣ اﺮﺑ ﻪﻧ و ﺖﻓ