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E-mail: bdea@buddhanet.net
Web site: www.buddhanet.net
Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc.
Edited by Ven. S. Dhammika
THE BUDDHA’S WORDS
OF WISDOM
(Buddha Vacana = Word of the Buddha)
DAILY READINGS FROM THE SACRED LITERATURE OF BUDDHISM
Edited by S. Dhammika
Published by
The Buddha Dhamma Mandala Society
First published 1989
© S Dhammika 1989
ISBN 981–00–1302–7
Cover designed by Eric Yeo
iv
Foi ovei two millennium tle discouises ol tle Buddlu
luve nouiisled tle sµiiituul lives ol countless millions
ol µeoµle in Indiu, Sii Lunku, Buimu und Tluilund.
Tlis book contuins extiucts liom some ol tlese dis-
couises selected liom tle Puli Tiµituku und ulso liom
some µost-cunonicul wiitings. Rendeied into ieuduble
Englisl, µiesented so tlut one extiuct cun be ieud und
ießected uµon eucl duy yeui und µiovided witl u Reud-
eis Guide, tlis book is un indisµensuble comµunion loi
unyone tiying to uµµly tle Buddlu's gentle messuge to
tleii duily lile.
Veneiuble Sliuvusti Dlummiku wus boin in Austiuliu in
19S1. He wus oiduined us u Buddlist monk in Indiu und
lutei lived in Sii Lunku wleie le become well-known loi
lis elloits to µiomote Buddlism. In 198S le moved to
Singuµoie wleie le now ucts us sµiiituul udvisoi to tle
Buddlu Dlummu Mundulu Society und ulso teucles ut
tle Educution Deµuitment's Cuiiiculum Develoµment
Institute. Veneiuble Dlummiku's otlei books include
Good Question Good Answei, Muticetu's Hymn to tle
Buddlu, und Gemstones ol tle Good Dlummu.
v
concencs
About tle editoi ................................................................................... iv
Pieluce .................................................................................................... vi
+BOVBSZ
'FCSVBSZ 33
.BSDI 49
"QSJM 70
.BZ 93
+VOF 121
+VMZ 147
"VHVTU 167
4FQUFNCFS 190
0DUPCFS 209
/PWFNCFS 234
%FDFNCFS 260
Abbieviutions 280
Releiences 280
vi
µ
re;oce
¨Wloevei uttentively ieuds u smull numbei
ol tle countless 'sµeecles' ol Buddlu
is soon uwuie ol u luimony in tlem, u
quietude ol soul, u smiling tiunscendence,
u totully unslukuble nimness; but ulso
invuiiuble kindness, endless µutience. As
wuys und meuns to tle uttuinment ol tlis
loly quietude ol soul, tle sµeecles uie lull
ol udvice, µieceµts, lints.`
Heimunn Hesse
Tle goul ol tle Buddlu's teuclings is lieedom ÷ liee-
dom liom tle bonduge ol µussions, lieedom liom tle
distiess we inßict uµon ouiselves tliougl oui igno-
iunce, und ultimutely, lieedom liom tle iounds ol
biitl und deutl ÷ Niivunu. Like tle duzzling µeuk ol u
snowcuµµed mountuin tlut we cun see in tle distunce
but not yet toucl, tle lieedom ol Niivunu lies ut tle
end ol u µutl, tle Noble Eigltlold Putl. But tle µutl
is u long one, sometimes smootl und sometimes iougl,
witl muny twists und tuins, und il we uie to wulk it
witl steudy steµs und witlout being sidetiucked, we
vii
will need lelµ. To tle Buddlist tlis lelµ comes in tle
loim ol tle Tliee Reluges ÷ tle Buddlu, tle Dlummu
und tle Sunglu.
Tle Buddlu is u ieluge becuuse lis lile und
uttuinments iemuin living µiool tlut Enligltenment is
µossible, tlut lumun µeilection is tle tiue µuiµose ol
lile. He is tle suµieme uicletyµe loi ull wlo quest loi
sµiiituul mutuiity. Reßecting on tle Buddlu's lile und
exumµle nlls us witl tle entlusiusm needed to wulk
tle Putl. Tle Dlummu, tle Buddlu's teuclings, uie
u ieluge becuuse tley µiovide us witl u ieulistic und
comµlete desciiµtion ol ieulity us well us udvice on etl-
ics, sociul ielutionsliµs, meditution und ulmost eveiy
otlei usµect ol lile. Tle Sunglu is tle lellowsliµ ol tle
Buddlu's disciµles, µust und µiesent, enligltened oi
unenligltened, bound togetlei by tleii common com-
mitment to uttuining wlut tle Buddlu uttuined. Tle
Sunglu is u ieluge becuuse tlose wlo luve µieceded
us on tle Putl cun give udvice on tle }ouiney uleud,
wlile tlose wlo wulk witl us cun µiovide comµunion-
sliµ on tle }ouiney, biing us buck to tle Putl wlen we
deviute, und lelµ us wlen we stumble und lull.
Wlile tle Buddlu ieulized tle Dlummu und
tlen µiocluimed it, tle Sunglu usµiies to become like
tle Buddlu by µiuctising tlut Dlummu. Tlus we cun
suy tlut tle Dlummu is µie-eminent umong tle Tliee
Reluges. Tle Buddlu limsell suid le lived deµendent
viii
on Dlummu, lonouiing Dlummu, iesµectlul und del-
eientiul to Dlummu, witl Dlummu us u bunnei, witl
Dlummu us u stunduid, witl Dlummu us oveiloid.
(A I 109)
Tle Buddlu uttuined Enligltenment in tle
yeui S28 #$ und stuited teucling tle tiutls le lud
discoveied soon ulteiwuids, sometimes veibully, some-
times by exumµle. Wlen le sµoke, lis woids weie so
ielevunt und cleui und olten enlunced witl similes so
meuninglul, tlut tley weie nevei loigotten by tlose
wlo weie blessed enougl to leui tlem. His deeds
seemed to be sucl u µeilect exµiession ol tle comµus-
sion le uiged otleis to develoµ tlut tley too weie long
iemembeied. Six montls ultei le uttuined nnul Nii-
vunu, eveiytling tle Buddlu lud suid und done wus
committed to memoiy, und like u golden tlieud µuss-
ing tliougl ciystul beuds, begun to be oiully tiunsmit-
ted liom teuclei to disciµle.
Wlen tlis oiul tiudition wus eventuully com-
mitted to wiiting, it wus comµiled into tliee luge
books und tlus cume to be culled tle Tiµituku, Tle
Tliee Collections. Tle nist ol tlese books is tle Suttu
Pituku, contuining tle discouises ol tle Buddlu und
some ol lis enligltened disciµles, us well us desciib-
ing events in tle Buddlu's lile. Tle second book, tle
Vinuyu Pituku, contuins tle iules und udministiutive
µioceduie loi tle monustic community. Tle tliid book,
ix
tle Ablidlummu Pituku, contuins minute unulysis ol
µsyclologicul µiocesses.
Down tle centuiies, Buddlists luve ex-
µiessed tleii ieveience loi tle Tiµituku by wiiting it on
golden µlutes, µlucing its µuges between gem-studded
coveis, oi lousing its volumes in mugnincent libiuiies.
But moie imµoituntly, tley luve ieveied tle Tiµituku
by stiiving to centie tleii lives uiound tle Dlummu it
contuins. Tley luve looked to it loi guidunce und insµi-
iution, und in ietuin it lus given tlem µeuce ol mind
und µuiity ol leuit, wlile µointing ulwuys towuids
tle lieedom ol Niivunu. Fumiliuiity witl tle Buddlu's
woids is un indisµensuble µuit ol tle sµiiituul lile.
Tle centiul uxis ol tle Buddlist lile is medi-
tution, und one ol tle most imµoitunt meditutive
µiuctices tuuglt by tle Buddlu is tle Recollection ol
tle Dlummu (Dlummunussuti). Tle µiuctice itsell
consists ol selecting u µussuge liom tle Tiµituku und
quietly ießecting on its meuning. Wlen tlis meditution
is done eveiy duy, und witl u ieceµtive und ieveientiul
uttitude, tle meuning ol tle woids being contemµluted
will sink into tle leuit und lelµ tiunsloim it ut tle
deeµest level. To ieud oi leui tle Buddlu's woids is, us
it weie, to come into diiect contuct witl tle Buddlu
limsell.
Tlis book lus been sµeciully comµiled loi
tle use ol tlose µiuctising tle Recollection ol tle
10
Dlummu, ultlougl unyone inteiested in tle Buddlu's
teuclings will nnd it uselul. It consists ol extiucts liom
tle discouises in tle Tiµituku und ulso liom some µost-
cunonicul liteiutuie, uiiunged so tlut one extiuct cun
be ieud eveiy duy loi u yeui. Most ol tle extiucts uie
iewoikings bused on tle Puli Text Society's Englisl
tiunslutions, ultlougl some µussuges luve been newly
tiunsluted. Buddlist sucied liteiutuie contuins numei-
ous und liequent ieµetitions wlicl weie so essentiul
duiing tle time wlen tle Dlummu wus oiully tiuns-
mitted, but wlicl most modein ieudeis nnd distiuct-
ing. Tlese luve been iemoved oi condensed, but only
wleie tley in no wuy clunge tle meuning.
My students und liiends Pliliµ Tun, Puul
Feiguson und Wynne Kline unstintingly guve tleii
time und skills to lelµ µieµuie tlis book. Muy we ull
togetlei sluie tle meiit deiived liom giving tle gilt ol
tle Dlummu, und muy ull wlo ieud tlis book benent
liom it.
o
11
,
onoor;
+"/6"3:r
r. Il you luve no sutisluctoiy teuclei, tlen tuke
tlis suie Dlummu und µiuctise it. Foi tle Dlummu is
suie, und wlen iigltly undeituken it will be to youi
welluie und luµµiness loi u long time.
+"/6"3::
:. ¨Imugine tlut tle wlole euitl wus coveied
witl wutei, und u mun wus to tliow u yoke witl u
lole in it into tle wutei. Blown by tle wind, tlut yoke
would diilt noitl, soutl, eust und west. Now, suµµose
tlut once in u lundied yeuis u blind tuitle would iise
to tle suiluce. Wlut do you tlink? Would tlut tuitle
µut lis leud tliougl tle lole in tle yoke us le iose to
tle suiluce once in u lundied yeuis?`
¨It is unlikely, Loid.`
¨Well, it is }ust us unlikely tlut one will be boin
us u lumun being; it is }ust us unlikely tlut u Tutlugutu,
u Noble One, u lully enligltened Buddlu slould uiise
in tle woild; und it is }ust us unlikely tlut tle Dlummu
12
und disciµline ol tle Tutlugutu slould be tuuglt. But
now you luve been boin us u lumun being, u Tutlugutu
lus uiisen und tle Dlummu lus been tuuglt. Tleie-
loie, stiive to ieulize tle Foui Noble Tiutls.`
+"/6"3:;
;. Tle doois ol tle Immoitul uie oµen.
Let tlem wlo cun leui iesµond witl luitl.
+"/6"3:«
«. Foi u disciµle wlo lus luitl in tle Teuclei's
instiuction und wlo lives in luimony witl it, lis ideu
is: ¨Tle Teuclei is tle Loid; I um tle disciµle. Tle Loid
knows; I do not.` Foi u disciµle wlo lus luitl in tle
Teuclei's instiuction und wlo lives in luimony witl
it, tle Teuclei's instiuction is luitleiing in giowtl,
stiengtl-giving. Tle ideu is: ¨Gludly would I luve my
skin, bone und sinews witlei und my ßesl diy uµ, il
only I cun stiuggle until I win tlut wlicl cun be won
by lumun elloit.` Foi u disciµle wlo lus luitl in tle
Teuclei's instiuction und wlo lives in luimony witl
it, one ol two iesults uie to be exµected ÷ µiolound
knowledge leie und now, oi il tleie is uny busis loi
iebiitl iemuining, tle stute ol Non-Retuining.
13
+"/6"3:s
s. Unsuiµussed is tle Loid's wuy ol teucling tle
Dlummu conceining one's µioµei conduct in viitue.
One slould be lonest und luitllul, witlout deceµtion,
cluttei, linting oi belittling, not ulwuys ieudy to udd
guin to guin, but witl tle sense-doois guuided, mod-
eiute in lood, u mukei ol µeuce, obseivunt, uctive und
stienuous in elloit, u meditutoi, mindlul, witl µioµei
conveisution, steudy-going, iesolute und sensible, not
lunkeiing ultei sense µleusuies, but mindlul und µiu-
dent. Tlis is tle unsuiµussed teucling conceining u
µeison's µioµei etlicul conduct. Tlis tle Loid lully
comµielends und beyond it notling lies to be luitlei
comµielended. And in sucl mutteis tleie is no otlei
iecluse oi Biulmin wlo is gieutei oi moie enligltened
tlun tle Loid conceining etlicul conduct.
+"/6"3:o
o. ¨Wlut do you tlink ubout tlis?` suid tle Loid.
¨Wlut is tle µuiµose ol u miiioi?`
¨It is loi tle µuiµose ol ießection, sii,` ieµlied
Rululu.
¨Even so, un uction to be done by body, sµeecl
oi mind slould only be done ultei cuielul ießection.`
14
+"/6"3:t
t. To sucied lills, woods und gioves,
To sucied tiees und sliines
Do µeoµle go, giiµµed by leui.
But tley uie not sule ieluges,
Not tle best ieluge.
Not by going tleie
Is one lieed liom ull sulleiing.
But wloevei tukes ieluge
In tle Buddlu, tle Dlummu und tle Sunglu
Will undeistund witl wisdom
Tle Foui Noble Tiutls:
Sulleiing, its cuuse, its oveicoming,
And tle Noble Eigltlold Putl
Leuding to its oveicoming.
And tlis is u sule ieluge,
Tle best ieluge.
Huving tuken ieluge leie,
One is lieed liom ull sulleiing.
1S
+"/6"3:ö
ö. As long us tle sun und tle moon luve not
come to be, tleie is no slining loitl ol gieut liglt, no
gieut iudiunce; only duikness und non-seeing µievuil.
Tleie is no duy oi niglt; no montls, lull montls oi
seusons uie distinguisluble. But wlen tle sun und tle
moon luve come to be, tleie is u slining loitl ol gieut
liglt, gieut iudiunce; duikness und non-seeing uie no
moie. Duys, niglts, montls, lull montls und seusons
come to be distinguisluble.
In tle sume wuy, us long us tle Tutlugutu, tle
Noble One, tle lully enligltened Buddlu lus not come
to be, tleie is no slining loitl ol gieut liglt, no gieut
iudiunce; only duikness und non-seeing µievuil. Tleie
is no µiocluiming, no teucling, no exµluining, no set-
ting loitl, no oµening uµ, no unulysis, no illuminuting
ol tle Foui Noble Tiutls. But wlen tle Tutlugutu, tle
Noble One, tle lully enligltened Buddlu lus come to
be, tleie is u slining loitl ol u gieut liglt, u gieut iudi-
unce; duikness und non-seeing uie no moie. Tleie is u
µiocluiming, u teucling, un exµluining, u setting loitl,
un oµening uµ, un unulysis, un illuminuting ol tle tle
Foui Noble Tiutls.
16
+"/6"3:0
0. I will teucl you tle Noble Eigltlold Putl; I
will unulyze it loi you. Listen cuielully und I will sµeuk.
And wlut is tle Noble Eigltlold Putl? It is Peilect View,
Peilect Tlouglt, Peilect Sµeecl, Peilect Action, Pei-
lect Livelilood, Peilect Elloit, Peilect Mindlulness und
Peilect Concentiution. And wlut is Peilect View? It is
tle knowledge ol sulleiing, tle cuuse ol sulleiing, tle
oveicoming ol sulleiing und tle wuy to tle oveicom-
ing ol sulleiing. And wlut is Peilect Tlouglt? It is
tle tlouglt ol giving uµ, tle tlouglt ol love, und tle
tlouglt ol lelµlulness. And wlut is Peilect Sµeecl?
It is tle uvoiding ol lying, slundeious sµeecl, luisl
sµeecl und idle cluttei. And wlut is Peilect Action?
It is tle uvoiding ol killing, steuling und sexuul mis-
conduct. And wlut is Peilect Livelilood? Conceining
tlis, u noble disciµle, by giving uµ wiong meuns ol
livelilood udoµts u µeilect livelilood. And wlut is Pei-
lect Elloit? Conceining tlis, one µuts loitl tle desiie,
mukes un elloit, stiives, uµµlies tle mind und diiects
it to µievent tle uiising ol evil unskilled stutes not yet
uiisen, to destioy evil unskilled stutes tlut luve ulieudy
uiisen, to uiouse skilllul stutes tlut luve not yet uiisen,
und nnully, one µuts loitl tle desiie, mukes un elloit,
stiives, uµµlies tle mind und diiects it towuids tle con-
17
tinuution, tle unincution, tle giowtl, tle develoµment
und tle lulnlment ol skilllul stutes ol mind. And wlut
is Peilect Mindlulness? Conceining tlis, one ubides
contemµluting body in body, leeling in leeling, mind in
mind und mentul stutes in mentul stutes, uident, cleuily
conscious so us to contiol tle uttiuction und ieµulsion
in tle woild. And wlut is Peilect Concentiution? Con-
ceining tlis one cultivutes tle loui }lunus.
+"/6"3:ro
ro. It is ceituin tlut u clod ol euitl
Tliown into tle sky will lull to tle giound;
So too tle woids ol tle suµieme Buddlu
Aie ulwuys ceituin und ieliuble.
It is ceituin tlut tle sun will iise
Wlen tle duikness ol niglt ludes uwuy;
So too tle woids ol tle suµieme Buddlu
Aie ulwuys ceituin und ieliuble.
It is ceituin tlut tle lion will ioui
As it emeiges liom its den;
So too tle woids ol tle suµieme Buddlu
Aie ulwuys ceituin und ieliuble.
18
+"/6"3:rr
rr. Tle doctiines ol wlicl you cun suy: ¨Tlese
doctiines do not leud to letting go, giving uµ, stilling,
culming, liglei knowledge, uwukening oi to Niivunu`
÷ you cun be ceituin tlut tley uie not Dlummu, not
disciµline, not tle woid ol tle Teuclei. But tle doc-
tiines ol wlicl you cun suy: ¨Tlese doctiines leud to
letting go, giving uµ, stilling, culming, liglei knowl-
edge, uwukening und to Niivunu` ÷ you cun be ceituin
tlut tley uie Dlummu, tley uie disciµline, tley uie tle
woid ol tle Teuclei.
+"/6"3:r:
r:. Just us tle gieut oceun lus one tuste, tle tuste
ol sult, even so, tlis Dlummu lus one tuste too, tle
tuste ol lieedom.
+"/6"3:r;
r;. Il beings knew us I know tle iesults ol slui-
ing gilts, tley would not en}oy tleii use witlout slui-
ing tlem witl otleis, noi would tle tuint ol stinginess
obsess tle leuit und stuy tleie. Even il it weie tleii
lust und nnul bit ol lood, tley would not en}oy its use
witlout sluiing it, il tleie weie unyone to ieceive it.
19
+"/6"3:r«
r«. Mululi suid to tle Loid: ¨Sii, wlut is tle ieu-
son, wlut is tle cuuse ol doing, ol committing un evil
deed?`
¨Gieed, lutied, delusion, not µuying µioµei ut-
tention und wiongly diiected tlouglts ÷ tlese uie tle
ieusons, tlese uie tle cuuses ol doing, ol committing
un evil deed.`
¨Tlen wlut, sii, is tle ieuson, wlut is tle
cuuse ol doing, ol committing u beuutilul deed?`
¨Geneiosity, love, wisdom, µuying uttention
und iigltly diiected tlouglt ÷ tlese uie tle ieusons,
tlese uie tle cuuses ol doing, ol committing u beuuti-
lul deed.`
+"/6"3:rs
rs. Wlut soit ol Dlummu µiuctice leuds to gieut
good loi onesell? Conceining tlis, tle noble disciµle ie-
ßects: ¨Heie um I, lond ol lile, not wisling to die, lond
ol µleusuie und uveise to µuin. Il someone weie to kill
me I would not like it. Likewise, il I weie to kill some-
one tley would not like tlut. Foi wlut is unµleusunt to
me must be unµleusunt to unotlei und low could I bui-
den someone witl tlut?` As u iesult ol sucl ießection
20
one ubstuins liom killing, encouiuges otleis to ubstuin
liom it und sµeuks in µiuise ol sucl ubstuining.
Aguin, tle noble disciµle ießects: ¨Il some-
one weie to steul wlut wus mine, I would not like tlut.
Likewise, il I weie to steul wlut belonged to someone
else tley would not like tlut. Foi wlut is unµleusunt to
me must be unµleusunt to unotlei und low could I bui-
den someone witl tlut?` As u iesult ol sucl ießection
le ubstuins liom steuling, encouiuges otleis to ubstuin
liom it und sµeuks in µiuise ol sucl ubstuining.
Aguin, tle noble disciµle ießects: ¨Il someone
weie to luve inteicouise witl my sµouse I would not
like it. Likewise, il I weie to luve inteicouise witl un-
otlei's sµouse tley would not like tlut. Foi wlut is un-
µleusunt to me must be unµleusunt to unotlei und low
could I buiden someone witl tlut?` As u iesult ol sucl
ießection one ubstuins liom wiong sensuul desiie, en-
couiuges otleis to ubstuin liom it und sµeuks in µiuise
ol sucl ubstuining.
Once uguin, tle noble disciµle ießects: ¨Il
someone weie to iuin my benent by lying I would not
like it. Likewise, il I weie to iuin someone else's ben-
ent by lying tley would not like tlut. Foi wlut is un-
µleusunt to me must be unµleusunt to unotlei und low
could I buiden someone like tlut?` As u iesult ol sucl
ießection one ubstuins liom lying, encouiuges otleis
to ubstuin liom it und sµeuks in µiuise ol sucl ub-
21
stuining. A noble disciµle ießects luitlei: ¨Il someone
weie to estiunge me liom my liiends by slundei, sµeuk
luislly to me oi distiuct me witl µointless, liivolous
cluttei I would not like it. Likewise, il I weie to do tlis
to unotlei tley would not like tlut. Foi wlut is un-
µleusunt to me must be unµleusunt to unotlei und low
could I buiden unotlei witl tlut?` As u iesult ol sucl
ießection one ubstuins liom slundei, luisl sµeecl und
µointless cluttei, encouiuges otleis to ubstuin liom it
und sµeuks in µiuise ol sucl ubstuining.
+"/6"3:ro
ro. Gieed is to be sligltly blumed but it is slow to
clunge. Hutied is to be gieutly blumed but it is quick to
clunge. Delusion is to be gieutly blumed und it is slow
to clunge.
+"/6"3:rt
rt. Tleie uie tlese loui kinds ol luµµiness to be
won by u louseloldei wlo en}oys sense µleusuies liom
time to time und wlen occusion olleis. Wlut loui? Tle
luµµiness ol owneisliµ, tle luµµiness ol weultl, tle
luµµiness ol lieedom liom debt und tle luµµiness ol
blumelessness.
22
And wlut is tle luµµiness ol owneisliµ?
Conceining tlis, u louseloldei lus weultl ucquiied by
eneigetic stiiving, won by stiengtl ol uim und sweut ol
biow, }ustly und luwlully won. Wlen le tlinks ol tlis
le leels luµµiness und sutisluction.
And wlut is tle luµµiness ol weultl? Con-
ceining tlis, u louseloldei lus weultl }ustly und luw-
lully won, und witl it le does muny good deeds. Wlen
le tlinks ol tlis le leels luµµiness und sutisluction.
And wlut is tle luµµiness ol lieedom liom
debt? Conceining tlis, u louseloldei owes no debt
luige oi smull to unyone, und wlen le tlinks ol tlis le
leels luµµiness und sutisluction.
And wlut is tle luµµiness ol blumelessness?
Conceining tlis, tle noble disciµle is blessed witl
blumeless uction ol body, sµeecl und mind, und wlen
le tlinks ol tlis le leels luµµiness und sutisluction.
+"/6"3:rö
rö. One wlo is wise und disciµlined,
Kindly ulwuys und intelligent,
Humble und liee liom µiide ÷
One like tlis will win iesµect.
Rising euily und scoining luziness,
Remuining culm in time ol stiile,
23
Fuultless in conduct und clevei in uctions ÷
One like tlis will win iesµect.
Being uble to muke liiends und keeµ tlem,
Welcoming otleis und sluiing witl tlem,
A guide, µlilosoµlei und liiend ÷
One like tlis will win iesµect.
Being geneious und kindly in sµeecl,
Doing u good tuin loi otleis
And tieuting ull ulike ÷
One like tlis will win iesµect.
+"/6"3:r0
r0. Tleie uie tlese loui tyµes ol µeisons lound
in tle woild. Wlut loui? He wlo is conceined neitlei
witl lis own good noi tle good ol otleis, le wlo is
conceined witl tle good ol otleis but not lis own, le
wlo is conceined witl lis own good but not tle good
ol otleis, und le wlo is conceined witl botl lis own
good und tle good ol otleis.
Just us u stick liom u luneiul µyie, buining ut
botl ends und smeuied witl dung in tle middle, cun
seive no uselul µuiµose us luel in tle villuge oi us tim-
bei in tle loiest ÷ using sucl u simile do I sµeuk ol tle
µeison wlo is conceined neitlei witl lis own good
24
noi tle good ol otleis. Tle µeison wlo is conceined
witl tle good ol otleis but not lis own is moie excel-
lent und liglei tlun tlis. Tle µeison wlo is conceined
witl lis own good but not tle good ol otleis is moie
excellent und liglei still. And le wlo is conceined
witl botl lis own good und tle good ol otleis ÷ le
is ol tlese loui µeisons tle cliel, tle best, tle toµmost,
tle liglest, tle suµieme.
Just us liom u cow comes milk, liom milk
cieum, liom cieum buttei, liom buttei glee, und liom
glee tle skimmings ol glee, und tlut is suid to be tle
best ÷ even so, tle µeison wlo is conceined witl lis
own good und tle good ol otleis is ol tlese loui µei-
sons tle cliel, tle best, tle toµmost, tle liglest, tle
suµieme.
+"/6"3::o
:o. Tlese ten tlings nouiisl tle ten tlings tlut
uie desiiuble, liked, cluiming und luid to win in tle
woild. Wlut ten? Eneigy und exeition nouiisl weultl.
Fineiy und udoinment nouiisl beuuty. Doing tlings ut
tle µioµei time nouiisles leultl. Fiiendsliµ witl tle
beuutilul nouiisles viitue. Restiuint ol tle senses noui-
isles tle loly lile. Not quuiielling nouiisles liiendsliµ.
Reµetition nouiisles gieut knowledge. Lending un eui
2S
und usking questions nouiisles wisdom. Study und ex-
uminution nouiisles tle teuclings. And living iigltly
nouiisles iebiitl in tle leuven woild.
+"/6"3::r
:r. Il u lool wus sitting in un ussembly lull, in tle
muin stieet oi ut tle ciossiouds und µeoµle weie to tulk
ubout lim, und il le weie one wlo bioke tle nve µie-
ceµts, le would tlink: ¨Tlese µeoµle uie tulking ubout
me becuuse I luve done tlese tlings.` Tlis is tle nist
kind ol unguisl und de}ection tlut tle lool exµeiiences
leie und now. Aguin, u lool miglt see tle king uiiest u
tliel oi wiongdoei und µunisl lim. And uµon seeing
tlis, tle lool would tlink: ¨Tle king is µunisling tlis
wiongdoei. Now, I luve done tlese tlings ulso, so il
tle king weie to know ubout me, le miglt µunisl me
ulso.` Tlis is tle second kind ol unguisl und de}ection
tlut tle lool exµeiiences leie und now.
And uguin, wlile tle lool is sitting in u cluii,
oi lying on u bed oi on tle giound, tlose evil deeds
tlut le lus loimeily done witl body, sµeecl oi mind
come to iest on lim, lie on lim, settle on lim, }ust us
wlen ut evening, tle sludows ol tle gieut mountuin
µeuks come to iest, lie und settle on tle giound. At
sucl times, tle lool tlinks: ¨Ol indeed, wlut is lovely
lus not been done by me, wlut is skilllul lus not been
26
done, luve mude no ieluge uguinst tle leuilul. Tleie is
u µluce loi tlose wlo luve done no good, only evil, und
to tleie I will go.` And so le giieves, mouins, luments,
beuts lis bieust, ciies und lulls into disillusionment,
Tlis is tle tliid kind ol unguisl und de}ection tlut tle
lool exµeiiences leie und now.
+"/6"3:::
::. Wloevei lollows tle Dlummu
Slould tuke no diink oi encouiuge otleis to
diink,
Knowing tlut intoxicution is tle iesult.
Becuuse ol intoxicution,
Tle lool commits evil deeds
And mukes otleis negligent too.
So, uvoid tlis ioot ol wiong,
Tlis lolly loved only by lools.
+"/6"3::;
:;. Witl loui quulities tle wise, intelligent, woi-
tly µeison goes ubout ÷ not uµiooted, not lileless, not
blumewoitly, not censuied by tle wise. Wlut loui?
Witl good conduct ol body, sµeecl und mind, und witl
giutitude, witl giutelulness.
27
+"/6"3::«
:«. Il tle one wlo does no wiong
Follows one wlo is evil,
He limsell will be susµected ol evil
And lis ieµutution will decline.
Accoiding to tle liiends one mukes,
Accoiding to wlo one lollows,
So does one become.
Like one's ussociutes one becomes.
Followei und lollowing,
Touclei und toucled ulike,
An uiiow smeuied witl µoison
Inlects tlose uiiows tlut uie not µoisoned,
So tlut ull uie louled.
Tle uµiiglt µeison not wisling to be soiled
Slould not keeµ comµuny witl tle lool.
Il one stiings u µiece ol µutiid nsl
On u blude ol kusu giuss,
Tle giuss will smell µutiid too;
Tle sume witl one wlo lollows tle lool.
Il one wiuµs liunkincense
In un oidinuiy kind ol leul,
28
Tle leul will soon smell sweet too;
Tle sume witl one wlo lollows tle wise.
Remembeiing tle exumµle ol tle leul
wiuµµing
And undeistunding tle iesults,
One slould seek comµunionsliµ witl tle
wise,
Nevei witl tle lool.
+"/6"3::s
:s. A believei cun be iecognised by tliee tlings.
Wlut tliee? He desiies to see tlose wlo uie viituous;
le desiies to leui tle good Dlummu; und witl u leuit
liee liom stinginess, le lives ut lome geneious, cleun-
lunded, deliglting in giving, one to usk u luvoui ol,
one wlo deliglts in sluiing tlings witl otleis.
+"/6"3::o
:o. As ieguids tle wuy in wlicl tle Loid lus
woiked loi tle welluie ol tle muny, loi tle luµµiness
ol tle muny, out ol comµussion loi tle woild, loi tle
welluie und luµµiness ol botl gods und men, we nnd
29
no teuclei like tlis wletlei we suivey tle µust oi tle
µiesent, suve only tle Loid.
Beuutilully tuuglt is tle Loid's Dlummu, im-
mediutely uµµuient, timeless, ol tle nutuie ol u µei-
sonul invitution, µiogiessive, to be uttuined by tle wise,
eucl loi limsell. We nnd none wlo could µiocluim
sucl u µiogiessive teucling, wletlei we suivey tle
µust oi tle µiesent, suve only tle Loid.
Tle Loid lus cleuily exµluined wlut is iiglt
und wlut is wiong, wlut is blumewoitly und wlut is
µiuisewoitly, wlut is to be lollowed und wlut is to be
uvoided, wlut is low und wlut is ligl, wlut is imµuie,
wlut is µuie und wlut is mixed. We nnd none wlo
could so cleuily exµluin sucl tlings, wletlei we sui-
vey tle µust oi tle µiesent, suve only tle Loid.
Tle Loid lus well tuuglt to lis disciµles tle
Wuy leuding to Niivunu und tley meige into eucl otlei,
Niivunu und tle Wuy, }ust us tle Gunges und Yumunu
ßow into eucl otlei und go on united. We lmd no
teuclei ol tle Wuy leuding to Niivunu, wletlei we
suivey tle µust oi tle µiesent, suve only tle Loid.
Tle Loid lus guined muny comµunions, botl
leuineis und tlose wlo luve destioyed tle denle-
ments, und tle Loid lives togetlei witl tlem, ull ol
tlem ie}oicing in unity. We nnd no teuclei sucl us tlis,
wletlei we suivey tle µust oi tle µiesent, suve only
tle Loid.
30
Gilts given to tle Loid iesult in gieut good,
lis ieµutution is well estublisled so tlut nobles seek
lim out to give lim gilts. But becuuse ol tlis, tle Loid
does not leel µioud. We nnd no teuclei wlo ucts tlus,
wletlei we suivey tle µust oi tle µiesent, suve only
tle Loid.
Tle Loid ucts us le sµeuks, und le sµeuks
us le ucts. We nnd no teuclei us consistent us tlis,
wletlei we suivey tle µust oi tle µiesent, suve only
tle Loid.
Tle Loid lus ciossed ovei doubt, tiunscended
ull lesitution; in ieguid to tle goul ol tle loly lile, le
lus uccomµlisled lis uim. We nnd no teuclei wlo lus
done tlis, wletlei we suivey tle µust oi tle µiesent,
suve only tle Loid.
+"/6"3::t
:t. Wlen tle sky god µouis down big dioµs ol
iuin, tlut wutei ßows down und nlls tle gullies, clelts
und clusms und tlen nlls tle smull µools, tlen tle
big µools, tlen tle lukes; tle nlling ol tle lukes nlls
tle stieums, tle stieums nll tle iiveis, und tle gieut
iiveis nll tle oceun. In tle sume wuy, loi tle noble
disciµle wlo lus unwuveiing luitl in tle Buddlu, tle
Dlummu und tle Sunglu und wlo lus viitues deui
to tle Noble Ones, tlese conditions ßow onwuid und
31
ieucl tle luitlei sloie und leud to tle destiuction ol
tle denlements.
+"/6"3::ö
:ö. One wlo wunts to udmonisl unotlei slould
nist investigute: ¨Am I oi um I not one wlo µiuctises
uttei µuiity in body und sµeecl? Am I oi um I not µos-
sessed ol uttei µuiity in body und sµeecl, ßuwless und
untuinted? Aie tlese quulities munilest in me oi not?`
Il tley uie not, tleie uie undoubtedly µeoµle wlo will
suy: ¨Come now, µiuctise coiiect bodily und veibul
conduct youisell.` Tleie uie µeoµle wlo would suy tlis.
Aguin, one wlo wunts to udmonisl unotlei slould nist
investigute: ¨Huve I develoµed u mind ol goodwill, liee
liom mulice towuids my lellows in tle loly lile? Is tlis
quulity estublisled in me oi not?` Il le lus not, tleie
uie undoubtedly µeoµle wlo will suy: ¨Come now, de-
veloµ u mind ol goodwill youisell.` Tleie uie µeoµle
wlo would suy tlis.
+"/6"3::0
:0. Muny guilunds cun be mude
Fiom u leuµ ol ßoweis.
Likewise, muny good deeds cun be done
By one boin lumun.
32
+"/6"3:;o
;o. By tliee tlings tle wise µeison muy be
known. Wlut tliee? He sees u sloitcoming us it is.
Wlen le sees it, le tiies to coiiect it. And wlen unotl-
ei ucknowledges u sloitcoming, tle wise one loigives
it us le slould.
+"/6"3:;r
;r. Ceuse to do evil, leuin to do good,
Puiily tle mind ÷
Tlis is tle teucling ol tle Buddlus.
Desµising none, luiming none,
Being iestiuined by tle monustic iules,
Modeiution in lood, living in solitude
And devotion to meditution ÷
Tlis is tle teucling ol tle Buddlus.
Tleieloie, tle meditution on love
Slould be done loi onesell und otleis.
All slould be sullused witl love ÷
Tlis is tle teucling ol tle Buddlus.
33
[
ebroor;
'&#36"3:r
;:. Tle loly lile is not lived loi tle udvuntuges
tlut come liom guins, lonouis oi lume; it is not lived
loi tle udvuntuges tlut come liom moiulity; it is not
lived loi tle udvuntuges tlut come liom concen tiu-
tion, noi is it lived loi tle udvuntuges tlut come liom
knowledge und vision. But tlut wlicl is unslukuble
lieedom ol mind ÷ tlut is tle uim ol tle loly lile, tlut
is tle goul, tlut is tle culminution.
'&#36"3::
;;. One wlo is clevei slould muke no liiends
Amongst tle mulicious, tle ungiy, tle envious
Oi tlose wlo deliglt in tle misloitunes ol otleis.
Tiuly, contuct witl tle bud is evil.
One wlo is clevei slould muke liiends
Witl tlose witl luitl, tle µleusunt, tle wise,
And tlose witl gieut leuining.
Tiuly, contuct witl tle good is blessed.
34
'&#36"3:;
;«. In giving lood, tle givei gives nve tlings.
Wlut nve? He gives lile, beuuty, luµµiness, stiengtl
und intelligence. And in giving tlese tlings, one µui-
tukes in tle quulities ol lile, beuuty, luµµiness, stiengtl
und intelligence botl leie und leieultei.
'&#36"3:«
;s. Foi one wlo is u leuinei und wlo lus not yet
come to musteiy ol mind, but wlo dwells usµiiing loi
µeuce liom bonds, muking it u muttei conceining lim-
sell, I know ol no otlei tling so lelµlul us giving close
uttention to tle mind.
'&#36"3:s
;o. By denlement ol mind, beings uie denled; by
µuiincution ol mind, beings uie µuiined.
'&#36"3:o
;t. Develoµ tle meditution tlut is mindlulness
ol in-und-out bieutling. Mindlulness ol in-und-out
bieutling is ol gieut liuit, ol gieut udvuntuge. And
3S
low is mindlulness ol in-und-out bieutling develoµed,
low is it mude mucl ol, low is it ol gieut liuit, gieut
udvuntuge? Conceining tlis, one wlo lus gone to tle
loiest, to tle ioot ol u tiee oi to un emµty µluce, sits
down cioss-legged witl tle buck stiuiglt, estublisling
mindlulness in liont ol lim. Mindlully one bieutles in,
mindlully one bieutles out. Bieutling in u long bieutl
one knows: ¨I um bieutling in u long bieutl;` bieutl-
ing out u long bieutl one knows: ¨I um bieutling out u
long bieutl.` Bieutling in u sloit bieutl one knows: ¨I
um bieutling in u sloit bieutl;` bieutling out u sloit
bieutl one knows: ¨I um bieutling out u sloit bieutl.`
One tiuins onesell, tlinking: ¨Bieutling in I slull ex-
µeiience tle wlole body.` One tiuins onesell, tlinking:
¨Bieutling out I slull exµeiience tle wlole body.` One
tiuins onesell, tlinking: ¨Bieutling in I will tiunquil-
lize bodily uctivities.` One tiuins onesell, tlinking:
¨Bieutling out I will tiunquillize bodily uctivities.`
'&#36"3:t
;ö. Il u woid lus nve muiks it is well-sµoken, not
illsµoken, not blumewoitly oi condemned by tle wise.
It is sµoken ut tle iiglt time, it is sµoken in tiutl, it is
sµoken gently, it is sµoken ubout tle goul und it is sµo-
ken witl love.
36
'&#36"3:ö
;0. Tlose lumilies wleie motlei und lutlei uie
woisliµµed in tle lome uie suid to be like Biulmu,
like teucleis ol old, tley uie iunked witl tle gods
ol old. Tiuly woitly ol olleiings uie tlose lumilies
wleie motlei und lutlei uie woisliµµed in tle lome.
¨Biulmu`, ¨teucleis ol old`, ¨gods ol old`, ¨woitly ol
olleiings` uie teims loi motlei und lutlei. And wly?
Becuuse motlei und lutlei do mucl loi clildien ÷
tley biing tlem uµ, nouiisl tlem und intioduce tlem
to tle woild.
'&#36"3:0
«o. Tleie uie tlese nve stiunds ol sense µleusuie.
Wlut nve? Muteiiul sluµes cognizuble witl tle eye, µleus-
unt, liked, enticing, connected witl sensuul µleusuies,
ulluiing. Sounds cognizuble witl tle eui, smells cogni-
zuble witl tle nose, tustes cognizuble witl tle tongue,
und toucles cognizuble witl tle body, ull ol tlem ugiee-
uble, µleusunt, liked, enticing, connected witl sensuul
µleusuies, ulluiing. Tlese uie tle nve stiunds ol sense
µleusuie. Wlutevei luµµiness oi }oy uiises us u iesult
ol tlese nve stiunds ol sense µleusuie, tlut is culled tle
luµµiness ol sense µleusuie ÷ it is u common luµµiness,
u luµµiness ol tle uveiuge µeison, un ignoble luµµiness.
37
It slould not be µuisued, develoµed oi emµlusized. It is
u luµµiness to be leuied, I suy.
'&#36"3:ro
«r. One wlo is intent on develoµing liglei
tlouglt slould uttend to nve tlings liom time to time.
Wlut nve?
Il, wlile uttending to sometling, evil unskilllul
tlouglts ussociuted witl gieed, lutied und delusion
slould uiise, tlen one slould uttend insteud to some-
tling tlut is skilllul. Tlen tlese evil unskilllul tlouglts
will subside und tle mind will be steudy, culmed, one-
µointed und concentiuted. It is }ust us il u cuiµentei oi
lis uµµientice miglt knock out, diive out, diuw out u
luige µeg witl u smull one.
Il, wlile uttending to sometling tlut is skilled,
evil unskilllul tlouglts ussociuted witl gieed, lutied
und delusion still uiise, tlen one slould µondei tle dis-
udvuntuges ol tlose tlouglts, tlinking: ¨Tiuly, tlese
tlouglts uie unskilllul, blumewoitly und conducive
to sulleiing.` Tlen tlose evil unskilllul tlouglts will
subside und tle mind will be steudy, culm, one-µointed
und concentiuted. It is }ust us il u well-diessed young
mun oi womun, on luving tle cuicuse ol u snuke, u dog
oi u lumun being lung uiound lis oi lei neck would
be ieµelled, uslumed und disgusted.
38
Il, lowevei, wlile µondeiing tle disudvun-
tuges ol tlese tlouglts, evil unskilllul tlouglts usso-
ciuted witl gieed, lutied und delusion still uiise, tlen
one slould loiget ubout tlem, µuy tlem no uttention.
Tlen tlose evil unskilllul tlouglts will subside und
tle mind will be steudy, culm, one-µointed und con-
centiuted. It is }ust us il u mun witl siglt miglt slut
lis eyes oi tuin uwuy in oidei to uvoid seeing some-
tling.
But il, wlile tiying to loiget ubout und µuy
no uttention to tlose tlouglts, evil unskilllul tlouglts
ussociuted witl gieed, lutied und delusion still uiise,
tlen one slould ullow tlem to settle. Tlen tlose evil
unskilllul tlouglts will subside und tle mind will be
steudy, culm, oneµointed und concentiuted. It is }ust us
il u mun, nnding no ieuson loi iunning, wulks; tlen
nnding no ieuson loi wulking, stunds; tlen nnding no
ieuson loi stunding, sits down; tlen nnding no ieuson
loi sitting, lies down. Tlus le goes liom u stienuous
µostuie to u moie ieluxed one.
But il, wlile ullowing tlose tlouglts to settle,
evil unskilllul tlouglts ussociuted witl gieed, lutied
und delusion still uiise, tlen, witl teetl clencled und
tongue µiessed uguinst tle µulute one slould iestiuin,
subdue und suµµiess tle mind witl tle mind. Tlen
tlose evil unskilllul tlouglts will subside und tle mind
will be steudy, culm, one-µointed und concentiuted. It
39
is }ust us il u stiong mun slould lold down u weukei
one by seizing lis leud und slouldeis.
One wlo does tlese tlings is culled u mustei
ol tle µutlwuys ol tlouglt. Tle tlouglt le wunts to
tlink, le tlinks; tle tlouglt le does not wunt to tlink,
le does not tlink. He lus cut oll ciuving, iemoved tle
letteis, musteied µiide und µut un end to sulleiing.
'&#36"3:rr
«:. Wlen one witl u mind ol love
Feels comµussion loi ull tle woild,
Above, below und ucioss,
Unlimited eveiywleie,
Filled witl innnite kindness,
Comµlete und develoµed,
Any limited uctions one muy luve done
Do not iemuin lingeiing in one's mind.
'&#36"3:r:
«;. Huving seen u sluµe witl tle eye, smelt u
smell witl tle nose, suvouied u tuste witl tle tongue,
lelt u toucl witl tle body oi cognized u tlouglt witl
40
tle mind, le is not entiunced by its geneiul uµµeui-
unce oi its detuil. Foi il le lived witl tle sense oiguns
uncontiolled, uttiuction, ieµulsion und evil unskilled
stutes ol mind would giow. So, le contiols tle sense
oiguns, und luving tlis noble contiol ol tle sense oi-
guns, le exµeiiences witlin limsell tle luµµiness ol
being uniulßed.
'&#36"3:r;
««. Tleie uie tlese nve debusements ol gold,
becuuse ol wlicl gold is not µliuble, woikuble oi glis-
tening, but is biittle und not cuµuble ol µeilect woik-
munsliµ. Wlut nve? Iion, coµµei, tin, leud und silvei.
But wlen gold is liee liom tlese nve debusements it is
µliuble, woikuble, glistening, not biittle und cuµuble ol
µeilect woikmunsliµ. Tlen wlutevei soit ol oinument
one wunts, u signet iing, eui-iing, neckluce oi u gold
cluin, it cun be used loi tlut.
In tle sume wuy, tleie uie tlese nve debuse-
ments ol tle mind becuuse ol wlicl tle mind is not
µliuble, woikuble, oi glistening, but is biittle und not
iigltly comµosed loi tle destiuction ol tle denlements.
Wlut nve? Sense desiie, ill-will, slotl und luziness,
iestlessness und woiiy, und doubt. But wlen tle mind
is liee liom tlese nve debusements it is µliuble, woik-
uble, glistening, not biittle but iigltly comµosed loi tle
41
destiuction ol tle denlements. Tlen one cun diiect tle
mind to tle ieulizution by µsyclic knowledge ol wlut-
evei cun be ieulized by µsyclic knowledge und cun see
it diiectly, wlutevei its iunge miglt be.
'&#36"3:r«
«s. By elloit you will cioss tle iuging ßood,
By eneigy you will µuss by soiiow.
'&#36"3:rs
«o. Tlis intent concentiution on in-und-out
bieutling, il cultivuted und develoµed, is sometling
µeucelul und excellent, sometling µeilect in itsell und
u µleusunt wuy ol living ulso. Not only tlut, it disµels
evil unskilled tlouglts tlut luve uiisen und mukes
tlem vunisl in u moment. It is }ust us wlen, in tle lust
montl ol tle lot seuson, tle dust und diit ßy uµ und
suddenly
-
u gieut iuin luys it und mukes it settle in u
moment.
'&#36"3:ro
«t. Wlen u good mun is ieboin into u lumily, it
is loi tle good, tle welluie und tle luµµiness ol muny
÷ lis µuients, lis wile und clildien, lis seivunts und
42
woikeis, lis liiends und comµunions und ulso loi tle
good, tle welluie und tle luµµiness ol iecluses und
Biulmins.
'&#36"3:rt
«ö. Tle louseloldei Nukuluµitu und lis wile
Nukulumutu cume to see tle Loid, und luving sut down,
Nukuluµitu suid: ¨Loid, since my wile wus biouglt
lome to me wlen I wus u meie boy, sle being u meie
giil, I luve not been conscious ol luving tiunsgiessed
uguinst lei even in tlouglt, mucl less in body. Loid,
we desiie to belold eucl otlei, not }ust in tlis lile, but
in tle next lile ulso.`
Nukulumutu tlen suid: ¨Loid, since I wus
biouglt to my lusbund's louse wlen I wus u meie giil,
le being u meie boy, I luve not been conscious ol luv-
ing tiunsgiessed uguinst lim even in tlouglt, mucl
less in body. Loid, we desiie to belold eucl otlei, not
}ust in tlis lile, but in tle next lile ulso.`
At tlis, tle Loid suid: ¨Il botl lusbund und
wile desiie to belold eucl otlei in botl tlis lile und
tle next lile, und botl uie mutcled in luitl, mutcled in
viitue, mutcled in geneiosity und mutcled in wisdom,
tlen tley will belold eucl otlei in botl tlis lile und
tle next lile ulso.`
43
'&#36"3:rö
«0. One iemembeis und tuins ovei in tle mind
tlouglts ubout tlings bused on desiie in tle µust,
µiesent und lutuie. As one does so, desiie is geneiuted,
und being desiious one is letteied by tlose tlings. And
u mind lull ol lust is wlut I cull u lettei.
'&#36"3:r0
so. Tleie uie tlese nve disudvuntuges ol weultl.
Wlut nve? Weultl is in dungei ol nie, ßood, kings, iob-
beis und unloved leiis.
Tlen, tleie uie tlese nve udvuntuges ol
weultl. Wlut nve? Witl tle lelµ ol weultl one cun
muke onesell luµµy, one's µuients luµµy, one's wile,
clildien, seivunts, und woikeis luµµy, und one's
liiends und comµunions luµµy. And to iecluses und
Biulmins one cun muke olleiings witl lolty uim, con-
nected witl u luµµy lutuie, iesulting in luµµiness,
leuding to leuven.
'&#36"3::o
sr. ¨Is it µossible, Loid, to see tle visible iesults
ol geneiosity?`
44
And tle Loid suid: ¨Yes, it is µossible to see tle visible
iesults ol geneiosity. Tle givei, tle geneious one, is
liked und deui to muny. Tlis is u visible iesult ol gen-
eiosity. Tle good und wise lollow lim. Tlis is u visible
iesult ol geneiosity. A good ieµutution conceining lim
sµieuds ubout. Tlis ulso is u visible iesult ol geneios-
ity. Aguin, in wlutevei comµuny le enteis, be it nobles,
Biulmins, louseloldeis oi iecluses, le enteis witl
conndence und is untioubled. Tlis is u visible iesult ol
giving. And nnully, tle givei, tle geneious one, ultei
deutl is ieboin in leuven. Tlis is u iesult to be seen
leieultei.
'&#36"3::r
s:. Come, live witl tle doois ol tle senses guuid-
ed, wutcllully mindlul, cuielully mindlul witl tle
wuys ol tle mind well wutcled, µossessed ol u mind
tlut is uwuke und obseiving.
'&#36"3:::
s;. Akkosuku ol tle Bluiudvu}u Biulmin clun
leuid tlut tle leudei ol tle clun lud gone loitl into tle
Sunglu ol tle iecluse Gotumu. Angiy und disµleused,
le went to wleie tle Loid wus und ieviled und ubused
4S
tle Loid witl iude, luisl woids. Wlen le lud nnisled,
tle Loid suid: ¨Wlut do you tlink, Biulmin? Do you
ieceive visits liom liiends und ucquuintunces, kitl und
kin und otlei guests?`
¨Yes, Gotumu, sometimes I do.`
¨And wlut do you tlink? Do you µieµuie loi
tlem luid und solt lood und give tlem iest?`
¨Yes, Gotumu, sometimes I do.`
¨And il tley do not ucceµt tlese tlings liom
you, wlose do tlese tlings become?`
¨Tley become mine.`
¨It is tle sume leie, Biulmin. Tlut witl
wlicl you ievile, scold und ubuse me, wlo does not
ievile, scold oi ubuse, tlut I do not ucceµt liom you. It
is youis, Biulmin. It belongs to you. One wlo ieviles
wlen ieviled, wlo scolds wlen scolded, wlo ubuses
wlen ubused ÷ it is us il u lost und u visitoi dined to-
getlei und mude good. We, Biulmin, luve not dined
togetlei noi luve we mude good. It is youis, Biulmin.
It belongs to you.
'&#36"3::;
s«. Sense desiie is un obstiuction, u lindiunce
wlicl ensliouds tle mind und weukens wisdom. Ill-
will, slotl und toiµoi, iestlessness und woiiy und
46
doubt uie ull obstiuctions, lindiunces wlicl enslioud
tle mind und weuken wisdom. Suiely it is µossible
tlut one, ultei ubundoning tlese obstiuctions und
lindiunces wlicl giow in und uµ ovei tle mind und
weuken wisdom, being stiong in wisdom, slould know
lis own good, tle good ol otleis, tle good ol botl, und
uttuin tlut knowledge und vision bentting tle Noble
Ones und tiunscending lumun stutes.
'&#36"3::«
ss. Just us u µot witlout suµµoit is eusily uµset
und one witl suµµoit is dilncult to uµset, in tle sume
wuy, tle mind witlout suµµoit is eusily uµset und tle
mind witl suµµoit is dilncult to uµset. And wlut is
tle suµµoit ol tle mind? It is tle Noble Eigltlold Putl:
Peilect View, Peilect Tlouglt, Peilect Sµeecl, Peilect
Action, Peilect Livelilood, Peilect Elloit, Peilect Mind-
lulness und Peilect Concentiution.
'&#36"3::s
so. A clotl tlut is stuined und diity, wlen diµµed
in gieen, yellow, ied oi ciimson, is not dyed µioµeily.
And wly? Becuuse tle clotl is not cleun. In tle sume
47
wuy, u bud destiny muy be exµected wlen tle mind is
stuined. A clotl tlut is quite cleun, quite µuie, wlen
diµµed in gieen, yellow, ied oi ciimson, is dyed µioµ-
eily. And wly? Becuuse tle clotl is cleun. In tle sume
wuy, u good destiny muy be exµected wlen tle mind is
µuie.
'&#36"3::o
st. One wlo would iigltly use tle woids ¨noble
wuy ol lile, sublime stute, tle Tutlugutu's wuy ol lile`
would do so to desciibe tle intent concentiution on in-
und-out bieutling.
'&#36"3::t
sö. Do not tlink ligltly ol evil, suying:
¨It will not come to me.`
A dioµ ut u time is tle wutei µot nlled.
Likewise, little by little
Tle lool is nlled witl evil.
Do not tlink ligltly ol good, suying:
¨It will not come to me.`
A dioµ ut u time is tle wutei µot nlled.
Likewise, little by little
Tle wise one is nlled witl good.
48
'&#36"3::ö
s0. Ol little imµoitunce is tle loss ol sucl tlings
us weultl. But u teiiible tling it is to lose wisdom. Ol
little imµoitunce is tle guining ol sucl tlings us weultl.
Gieut is tle imµoitunce ol guining wisdom.
o
49
m
orcb
."3$)r
oo. Aiise! Sit uµ!
Ol wlut use uie youi dieums?
How cun you wlo uie sick
And µieiced witl tle uiiow ol giiel
Continue to sleeµ?
Aiise! Sit uµ!
Tiuin youisell to win µeuce.
Let not tle king ol deutl,
Knowing you to be luzy,
Tiick you into lis ieulm.
Cioss ovei tlis uttuclment,
Tied to wlicl botl gods und men uie tiuµµed.
Do not let tlis clunce sliµ by,
Becuuse loi tlose wlo do,
Tleie is only lell.
Dusty is indolence.
Dust comes in its wuke.
Witl knowledge und vigilunce,
Diuw out tle uiiow ol sulleiing liom youisell.
S0
."3$):
or. Just us tlis body is suµµoited by muteiiul
lood, deµends uµon it, cunnot be witlout it ÷ even
so, tle nve lindiunces uie suµµoited by tleii own
lood, deµend uµon it, cunnot be witlout it. And wlut
lood gives iise to sense desiie, oi nouiisles sense de-
siie ulieudy uiisen? It is unsystemutic uttention to tle
ulluiing leutuies ol tlings. And wlut lood gives iise
to ill-will, oi nouiisles ill-will ulieudy uiisen? It is un-
systemutic uttention to tle ieµulsive leutuies ol tlings.
And wlut lood gives iise to slotl und luziness, oi noui-
isles slotl und luziness ulieudy uiisen? It is unsystem-
utic uttention to iegiet, diowsiness, lunguoi, leuviness
ultei meuls, luziness ol mind. And wlut lood gives iise
to iestlessness und woiiy, oi nouiisles iestlessness und
woiiy ulieudy uiisen? It is unsystemutic uttention to
iiiitution ol mind. And wlut lood gives iise to doubt,
oi nouiisles doubt ulieudy uiisen? It is unsystemutic
uttention to tlings bused on doubt und unceituinty.
."3$);
o:. Uggu, tle king's cliel ministei, suid to tle
Loid: ¨Loid, it is umuzing und ustonisling low iicl,
weultly und oµulent Miguiu Roluneyyu is!`
¨Wlut tlen, Uggu, is tle umount ol lis tieusuie?`
S1
¨He lus u million in gold; und ol silvei, wlo
cun suy?`
¨But is tlut u ieul tieusuie? Not tlut I suy tlut
it is not, but tlut is u tieusuie tlut is sub}ect to nie,
wutei, kings, iobbeis, enemies und unwunted leiis.
But tleie uie seven tieusuies tlut uie not sub}ect to
sucl tlings. Wlut seven? Tle tieusuies ol luitl, viitue,
conscientiousness, leui ol blume, leuining, geneiosity
und wisdom. Tlese seven uie not sub}ect to nie, wutei,
kings, iobbeis, enemies und unwunted leiis.
."3$)«
o;. Giving uµ lying, one becomes u sµeukei ol
tle tiutl, ieliuble, tiustwoitly, deµenduble, not u de-
ceivei ol tle woild. Giving uµ slundei, one does not
ieµeut tleie wlut is leuid leie, oi ieµeut leie wlut
is leuid tleie, loi tle µuiµose ol cuusing divisions be-
tween µeoµle. Tlus, one is u ieconcilei ol tlose wlo
uie divided und u combinei ol tlose ulieudy united,
ie}oicing in concoid, deliglting in concoid, µiomoting
concoid; concoid is tle motive ol lis sµeecl. Giving
uµ luisl sµeecl, one sµeuks wlut is blumeless, µleus-
unt to tle eui, ugieeuble, going to tle leuit, uibune,
µleusing und liked by ull. Giving uµ useless cluttei, one
sµeuks ut tle iiglt time, ubout tle lucts, to tle µoint,
ubout Dlummu und disciµline, woids woitly ol being
S2
tieusuied uµ, seusonuble, ieusoned, cleuily denned und
connected to tle goul.
."3$)s
o«. One wlo could but does not
Suµµoit lis motlei und lutlei
In tleii old uge ÷
Tlis is u cuuse ol one's downlull.
."3$)o
os. Once, tle Loid dwelt umong tle Sukyus in
tle Puik ol tle Bunyun Tiee ut Kuµiluvuttlu, und wlile
tleie, Mulunumu tle Sukyun cume to lim und usked:
¨How, Loid, does one become u luy disciµle?`
¨Wlen one lus tuken ieluge in tle Buddlu, tle
Dlummu und tle Sunglu, tlen one is u luy disciµle.`
¨How, Loid, is u luy disciµle viituous?`
¨Wlen u luy disciµle ubstuins liom killing,
steuling, sexuul misconduct, lying und diinking intoxi-
cunts, tlen le is viituous.` ¨How, Loid, does one lelµ
onesell but not otleis?`
¨Wlen one lus uclieved luitl, viitue und ie-
nunciution, wlen one longs to see tle monks, to leui
tle good Dlummu, to be mindlul ol tle Dlummu once
S3
leuid, wlen one ießects on it, knows it in botl tle
lettei und tle sµiiit und wulks in conloimity witl it,
but one does not stiive to estublisl sucl tlings in otl-
eis, tlen one lelµs onesell but not otleis.`
¨Tlen low, Loid, does one lelµ onesell und
otleis ulso?`
¨Wlen one lus onesell uclieved luitl, viitue,
und ienunciution und stiives to estublisl sucl tlings
in otleis, wlen one longs to see tle monks, to leuin
tle good Dlummu, to be mindlul ol tle Dlummu once
leuid, wlen one ießects uµon its meuning, knows it in
botl tle lettei und sµiiit und wulks in conloimity witl
it und stiives to estublisl sucl tlings in otleis, tlen
one lelµs botl onesell und otleis ulso.`
."3$)t
oo. Suµµose u bowl ol wutei wus mixed witl luc,
tuimeiic oi blue oi yellow dye, und suµµose u mun
witl vision weie to look ut lis ießection in tlut wutei.
He would neitlei know noi see it us it ieully is. In tle
sume wuy, wlen one lives witl tle mind µossessed
witl und oveiwlelmed by sensuul desiie und knows
no ieluge liom it, ut sucl times one neitlei knows noi
sees lis own welluie oi tle welluie ol otleis. Clunts
leuined by leuit long ugo uie loigotten, to suy notling
ol tlose leuined iecently.
S4
Suµµose u bowl ol wutei is leuted on u nie,
boiling und bubbling ovei, und suµµose u mun witl
vision weie to look ut lis ießection in tlut wutei. He
would neitlei know noi see it us it ieully is. In tle sume
wuy, wlen one lives witl tle mind µossessed witl und
oveiwlelmed by ill will und knows no ieluge liom it,
ut sucl times one neitlei knows noi sees lis own wel-
luie oi tle welluie ol otleis. Clunts leuined by leuit
long ugo uie loigotten, to suy notling ol tlose leuined
iecently.
Now, suµµose u bowl ol wutei wus oveigiown
witl mossy wutei µlunts, und suµµose u mun witl vision
weie to look ut lis ießection in tlut wutei. He would
neitlei know noi see it us it ieully is. In tle sume wuy,
wlen one lives witl tle mind µossessed witl und ovei-
wlelmed by slotl und luziness und knows no ieluge
liom it, ut sucl times one neitlei knows noi sees lis
own welluie oi tle welluie ol otleis. Clunts leuined
by leuit long ugo uie loigotten, to suy notling ol tlose
leuined iecently.
Aguin, suµµose u bowl ol wutei wus wliµµed
uµ by tle wind, stiiied uµ, wliiled uiound und iiµµling
witl wuves, und suµµose u mun witl vision weie to look
ut lis ießection in tlut wutei. He would neitlei know
noi see it us it ieully is. In tle sume wuy, wlen tle mind
is µossessed witl und oveiwlelmed by iestlessness und
woiiy und one knows no ieluge liom it, ut sucl times
SS
one neitlei knows noi sees lis own welluie oi tle
welluie ol otleis. Clunts leuined by leuit long ugo uie
loigotten, to suy notling ol tlose leuined iecently.
Once uguin, suµµose u bowl ol wutei wus
stiiied uµ, tuibid, muddy und set in tle duik, und suµ-
µose u mun witl vision weie to look ut lis ießection in
tlut wutei. He would neitlei know noi see it us it ieully
is. In tle sume wuy, wlen tle mind is µossessed witl
und oveiwlelmed by doubt und one knows no ieluge
liom it, ut sucl times one neitlei knows noi sees lis
own welluie oi tle welluie ol otleis. Clunts leuined
by leuit long ugo uie loigotten, to suy notling ol tlose
leuined iecently.
."3$)ö
ot. Wlutevei one tlinks ubout und µondeis ovei
olten, one's mind gets u leuning in tlut wuy.
."3$)0
oö. Wleievei tlese nve uie lound, wletlei in u
king oi u luimei, u geneiul, u villuge leudmun, u guild
mustei oi tle leudeis ol tle clun, giowtl muy be ex-
µected und not decline. Wlut nve?
Tuke tle cuse ol u clunsmun wlo witl weultl
ucquiied by woik und elloit, gutleied by stiengtl
S6
ol uim und sweut ol biow, }ustly obtuined by luwlul
meuns lonouis, ieveies, veneiutes und iesµects lis
µuients. Tley in tuin ieguid lim londly witl tlouglts
ol love, und suy: ¨Long lile to you und muy you be µio-
tected.` Tlus loi one wlo ieguids lis µuients londly,
giowtl muy be exµected und not decline. Tle sume is
ulso tiue loi lis wile und clildien, seivunts und woik-
lolk; tle sume obtuins loi tlose wlo woik lis nelds,
und lis tenunts, und ulso loi tle gods; tle sume uµ-
µlies to iecluses und Biulmins. Wlen le ieguids tlem
londly, tley will suy: ¨Long lile to you und muy you be
µiotected.`
."3$)ro
o0. And low is cleuning ol tle body tlieelold?
Conceining tlis, one ubundons killing, luys uside tle
iod und tle knile; one lives gently, kindly und leeling
comµussion towuids eveiy living being. One ubundons
steuling tle µioµeity ol unotlei, wletlei in tle }ungle
oi tle villuge; tlings not given, one does not steul. One
ubundons sexuul misconduct. One lus no inteicouise
witl giils undei tle guuidiunsliµ ol motlei, lutlei,
biotlei, sistei oi ielutives, witl giils luwlully µiotected,
ulieudy µledged to u lusbund, tlose undeigoing µun-
islment oi tlose diessed witl ßoweis und µledged to
be muiiied.
S7
."3$)rr
to. Wloevei, wletlei ut moining, noon oi niglt,
µiuctises iiglteousness ol body, sµeecl und mind ÷ tley
luve u luµµy moining, u luµµy noon und u luµµy niglt.
."3$)r:
tr. Tle Loid usked: ¨Wlicl is gieutei? Tle little
sund on my nngeinuil, oi tle gieut euitl?`
¨Loid, gieutei by lui is tle gieut euitl. Tiny is tle
sund on youi nngeinuil. Tle two cunnot be comµuied.`
¨So too, beings wlo uie ieboin us lumuns uie
lew in numbei. Fui gieutei uie tlose wlo uie ieboin in
non-lumun ieulms. Tleieloie, you slould tiuin youi-
sell, tlinking: ¨We will live euinestly.`
."3$)r;
t:. Just us tle duwn is tle loieiunnei, tle vun-
guuid ol tle iising sun, so too, µossession ol viitue is
tle loieiunnei, tle vunguuid ol tle iising ol tle Noble
Eigltlold Putl.
."3$)r«
t;. Tlese tliee tyµes ol tlouglt cuuse blind-
S8
ness, loss ol siglt und ignoiunce, tley µut un end
to wisdom, uie ussociuted witl tiouble, und do not
conduce to Niivunu. Wlut tliee? Tlouglts ol gieed,
lutied und luiming. Tlese tliee tyµes ol tlouglt
give vision, seeing und knowledge, tley incieuse
wisdom, uie ussociuted witl luimony, und conduce
to Niivunu. Wlut tliee? Tlouglts ol giving uµ, love
und lelµing.
."3$)rs
t«. Tlen tle Loid suid to Mulu Moggullunu: ¨Aie
you diowsy, Moggullunu? Aie you diowsy?`
¨Yes, Loid.`
¨Well, tlen, wlenevei tle tlouglt ol luziness
belulls you, µuy no uttention to tlut tlouglt, do not
dwell on it. Doing tlis, it is µossible tlut it will µuss.
But il, by so doing, tlut luziness does not µuss,
tlen you slould tlink und ießect in youi mind ubout
tle Dlummu ÷ ieview it in youi mind us you luve
leuid it und leuined it. Doing tlis, it is µossible tlut
tle luziness will µuss.
But il, by so doing, tle luziness does not µuss,
tlen you slould iecite tle Dlummu in detuil us you
luve leuid it und leuined it. Doing tlis, it is µossible
tlut tle luziness will µuss.
S9
But il, by so doing, tlut luziness does not µuss,
tlen you slould µull youi euis und iub youi limbs witl
tle µulms ol youi lunds. Doing tlis, it is µossible tlut
tle luziness will µuss.
But il, by so doing, tle luziness does not µuss,
tlen get uµ liom youi seut, und luving sµlusled wutei
on youi luce, look in ull diiections und guze uµwuid
into tle stuiiy sky. Doing tlis, it is µossible tlut tle
luziness will µuss.
But il, by so doing, it does not µuss, tlen you
slould nimly estublisl tle innei µeiceµtion ol liglt
÷ us by duy, so by niglt; us by niglt, so by duy. Tlus
witl u mind tlut is cleui und unobstiucted, you slould
develoµ u iudiunt consciousness. Doing tlis, it is µos-
sible tlut tle luziness will µuss.
But il, by so doing, it still does not µuss, tlen
uwuie ol wlut is in liont ol you und belind you, wulk
uµ und down witl youi senses tuined inwuids und
youi mind not stiuying witlout. Doing tlis, it is µos-
sible tlut tle luziness will µuss.
But il, by so doing, it still does not µuss, tlen
lie down on youi iiglt side in tle lion µostuie witl one
loot on tle otlei, mindlul und cleuily conscious, witl
tle tlouglt ol iising lutei. Altei wuking, you slould
get stiuiglt uµ, tlinking: 'I will not indulge in tle en-
}oyment ol lying down, ieclining und sleeµing.' Tiuin
youisell like tlis.`
60
."3$)ro
ts. Il you tuke ieluge in tle Buddlu, tle
Dlummu und tle Sunglu, no leui oi tiembling will
evei uiise.
."3$)rt
to. Tlese loui stutes conduce to tle giowtl ol
wisdom; tlese loui stutes uie ol gieut lelµ to one wlo
lus become lumun. Wlut loui? Associution witl u
good µeison, leuiing tle good Dlummu, wise utten-
tion, und beluving in uccoidunce witl Dlummu.
."3$)rö
tt. Tle wundeiei Nundiyu usked tle Loid: ¨Wlut
conditions uie tleie, tlut wlen develoµed und µiuc-
tised, leud to Niivunu, luve Niivunu us tleii goul, cul-
minute in Niivunu?`
¨Tleie uie, Nundiyu, eiglt tlings wlicl, wlen
develoµed und µiuctised, leud to Niivunu, luve Nii-
vunu us tleii goul, culminute in Niivunu. Wlut eiglt?
Peilect View, Peilect Tlouglt, Peilect Sµeecl, Peilect
Action, Peilect Livelilood, Peilect Elloit, Peilect Mind-
lulness und Peilect Concentiution.`
61
."3$)r0
tö. Tleie uie tlese nve iiglt times loi stiiving.
Wlut nve? Conceining tlis, one is young, youtllul,
bluck-luiied, blessed witl tle beuuty ol youtl und in
tle µiime ol lile. Tlis is tle nist iiglt time loi stiiv-
ing. Tlen, one lus leultl und well-being, witl u good
digestion tlut is not ovei-lot oi ovei-cool. Tlis is tle
second iiglt time. Il tleie is no lumine und tle cioµs
uie good, witl lood eusy to get und one cun eusily live
on gleunings und luvouis, tlis is tle tliid good time.
Wlen men live in liiendly lellowsliµ, luimonious us
milk und wutei blended, witlout quuiiels und looking
uµon eucl otlei witl tle eye ol ullection, tlis is tle
louitl good time. Aguin, wlen tle Sunglu dwells in
liiendly lellowsliµ, content witl one teucling, tlen
tleie is no ieviling one unotlei, no uccusution, quui-
ielling, contention, but tley witl little luitl nnd luitl,
und tle luitl ol tlose ulieudy luitllul giows. Tlis is
tle nltl time loi stiiving.
."3$):o
t0. Look not to luults ol otleis,
Noi to tleii omissions und commissions.
But iutlei look to youi own ucts,
To wlut you luve done und lelt undone.
62
Wlen one looks down on unotlei's luults,
And is ulwuys lull ol envy,
One's denlements continuully giow;
Fui is one liom tleii destiuction.
Il only you would do wlut you teucl otleis,
Tlen, being youisell contiolled,
You could contiol otleis well.
Tiuly, sell-contiol is dilncult.
You youisell must wutcl youisell.
You youisell must exumine youisell,
And so, sell-guuided und mindlul,
O monk, you will live in luµµiness.
."3$):r
öo. Tlut wlicl is culled tlouglt, mind oi con-
sciousness uiises und disuµµeuis continuously botl duy
und niglt. Just us u monkey swinging tliougl tle tiees
giubs one biuncl, letting it go only to giub unotlei, so
too tlut wlicl is culled tlouglt, mind oi consciousness
uiises und disuµµeuis continuously botl duy und niglt.
."3$)::
ör. Jumbukluduku tle wundeiei cume to Ven-
eiuble Suiiµuttu und suid to lim: ¨Tley tulk ubout
Niivunu! Niivunu! But wlut, Suiiµuttu, is Niivunu?`
63
¨Tle destiuction ol gieed, lutied und delu-
sion is Niivunu.`
¨Is tleie uny µutl, uny uµµioucl tlut leuds to
Niivunu?`
¨Tleie is sucl u µutl, sucl un uµµioucl.`
¨And wlut is it?`
¨It is, liiend, tle Noble Eigltlold Putl ÷ Peilect
View, Peilect Tlouglt, Peilect Sµeecl, Peilect Action,
Peilect Livelilood, Peilect Elloit, Peilect Mindlulness
und Peilect Concentiution.`
¨An uusµicious µutl, un uusµicious uµµioucl
to tle ieulizution ol Niivunu it is too, u µioµei occusion
loi euinestness.`
."3$):;
ö:. Heie in tle woild
One slould tiuin cuielully in viitue,
Foi viitue wlen cultivuted
Biings success neui ut lund.
Tle cuielul one slould guuid viitue,
Desiiing tle tliee tyµes ol luµµiness ÷
Tle µiuise ol otleis, weultl,
And leuven ultei deutl.
Tle viituous one mukes muny liiends
Becuuse ol sell-iestiuint,
64
But tle immoiul one, µiuctising evil,
Is estiunged liom lis liiends.
Tle immoiul one guins only ill-ieµute
And bud ieµutution,
Tle viituous guins ieµutution,
Fume und µiuise.
Viitue is tle loundution, tle loieiunnei,
Tle oiigin ol ull tlut is good und beuutilul,
And tleieloie one slould µuiily one's viitue.
Viitue is tle contiol, tle iestiuint
And tle deliglting ol tle mind,
And tlus tle µluce wleie ull Buddlus cioss
ovei.
Tleieloie, one slould µuiily one's viitue.
Viitue is u miglty µowei,
Viitue is u sluiµ weuµon,
Viitue is tle suµieme udoinment,
Viitue is u wondeilul uimoui.
Viitue is u stuidy biidge,
Viitue is un unsuiµussed µeilume,
Viitue is tle best ointment,
Sending liugiunce in ull diiections.
6S
Viitue is tle loiemost µiovision,
Viitue is lood loi tle }ouiney,
Viitue is tle best velicle
Foi going in uny diiection.
."3$):«
ö;. Tlese tliee µeoµle uie veiy lelµlul to otleis.
Wlut tliee? One tliougl wlom one goes loi ieluge to
tle Buddlu, tle Dlummu und tle Sunglu; one tliougl
wlom one undeistunds tle Foui Noble Tiutls; und one
tliougl wlom one comes to destioy tle denlements
und comes to know in tlis veiy lile tle mind's com-
µlete lieedom. Tlese uie tle tliee µeisons. Tleie uie
none moie lelµlul tlun tlese tliee.
."3$):s
ö«. Veneiuble Vukkuli wus stuying ut tle Pot-
teis' Sled und wus sulleiing liom u diseuse, sick und
ulßicted. Tlen le culled lis uttendunt und suid: ¨Fiiend,
go to tle Loid; in my nume woisliµ lis leet, tell lim I
um sulleiing liom u diseuse und suggest tlut it would
be good il le, out ol comµussion, weie to come und
visit me.`
66
So tle uttendunt went to tle Loid und did
wlut le wus usked. In silence tle Loid consented, und
diessing limsell und tuking lis iobe und bowl, set out.
Now Vukkuli suw tle Loid coming liom u distunce und
stiuggled to iise liom lis bed. But tle Loid suw lim
und suid: ¨Enougl, Vukkuli. Remuin in youi bed. Tleie
uie seuts mude ieudy. I will sit tleie.` Huving seuted
limsell, tle Loid uddiessed Vukkuli und suid: ¨I loµe
you uie beuiing uµ. I loµe you uie enduiing. Aie tle
µuins decieusing oi ubuting? Do tley seem to be de-
cieusing oi ubuting?`
¨No, Loid. I um not beuiing uµ oi enduiing,
tle µuins do not decieuse, neitlei do tley giow.`
¨Tlen luve you uny doubt oi iemoise?`
¨Indeed, Loid, I luve no doubt oi iemoise.`
¨Huve you unytling conceining viitue to ie-
µioucl youisell ubout?`
,,
No, Loid, I luve notling to ieµioucl mysell
ubout.`
¨Tlen you must luve some woiiy, sometling
to iegiet?`
¨Conceining tlut, loi u long time I luve been
wunting to see tle Loid but I luve not lud tle stiengtl
ol body to do so.`
¨Husl, Vukkuli. Wly do you wunt to see tlis
diity body ol mine? He wlo sees tle Dlummu sees me
und le wlo sees me sees tle Dlummu. Tiuly, seeing
67
tle Dlummu, one sees me und seeing me, one sees tle
Dlummu.`
."3$):o
ös. I know not ol uny otlei single tling so un-
woikuble us tle undeveloµed mind. Indeed, tle unde-
veloµed mind is un unwoikuble tling. I know not ol uny
otlei single tling so woikuble us tle develoµed mind.
Indeed, tle develoµed mind is u woikuble tling.
."3$):t
öo. Wlutevei lus lud to be done by u teuclei out
ol comµussion, loi tle welluie ol lis disciµles, I luve
done loi you. Heie uie tle ioots ol tle tiees, leie uie
tle emµty µluces. Meditute, do not be slotllul, do not
be iemoiselul lutei. Tlese uie my instiuctions to you.
."3$):ö
öt. Cultivute u liiend wlose wuys uie seven.
Wlut seven? He gives wlut is luid to give, does wlut is
luid to do, beuis wlut is luid to beui, le conlesses lis
own seciets und keeµs youi seciets, in times ol tiouble
le does not loisuke you, und le does not loisuke you
wlen you uie down.
68
."3$):0
öö. And low do disciµles conduct tlemselves to-
wuids u teuclei witl love, not lostility? Conceining
tlis, tle comµussionute teuclei teucles tle Dlummu
to disciµles, seeking tleii welluie, out ol comµussion,
suying: ¨Tlis is loi youi welluie und luµµiness.` His
disciµles listen to lim, lend un eui, µieµuie tleii minds
loi µiolound knowledge, tley do not tuin uside oi move
uwuy liom tle teuclei's instiuctions. Tlus do disciµles
conduct tlemselves towuids u teuclei witl love, not
lostility. Tleieloie, conduct youiselves towuids me
witl love, not lostility, und it will be loi youi welluie
und luµµiness loi u long time. I slull not tieut you us
does tle µottei dumµ cluy. Reµeutedly udmonisling I
slull sµeuk, ieµeutedly testing. One wlo is sound will
stund tle test.
."3$);o
ö0. Tleie uie tliee tyµes ol µeoµle in tle woild.
Wlut tliee? One wlo is like cuiving on u iock, one
wlo is like sciutcling on tle giound, und one wlo is
like wiiting on tle wutei. Wlut soit ol µeison is like
cuiving on u iock? Imugine u ceituin µeison wlo is
ulwuys getting ungiy und lis ungei lusts long, }ust us
cuiving on u iock is not soon woinoll by wind, wutei
69
oi luµse ol time. Wlut soit ol µeison is like sciutcling
on tle giound? Imugine u ceituin µeison wlo is ulwuys
getting ungiy but lis ungei does not lust long, }ust us
sciutcling on tle giound is soon woin oll by wind,
wutei und luµse ol time. And wlut soit ol µeison is like
wiiting on tle wutei? Imugine u ceituin µeison wlo,
even tlougl sµoken to luislly, sluiµly, iouglly, is eus-
ily ieconciled und becomes ugieeuble und liiendly, }ust
us wiiting on tle wutei soon disuµµeuis.
."3$);r
0o. Wlutevei lumilies enduie long, ull ol tlem
do so becuuse ol loui ieusons, oi becuuse ol seveiul
ol tlem. Wlut loui? Tley iecovei wlut is lost, ieµuii
wlut is decuyed, eut und diink in modeiution, und tley
µut in uutloiity u mun oi womun ol viitue.
o
70
;µri|
"13*-r
0r. Tle mind is luminous, but it is stuined by
denlements tlut come liom witlout. Oidinuiy lolk do
not ieulize tlis, so tley do not cultivute tle mind. Tle
mind is luminous, but it cun be cleunsed ol denlements
tlut come liom witlout. Tlis tle noble disciµles un-
deistund, so tley do cultivute tle mind.
"13*-:
0:. Wlo is one's own best liiend, und wlo is one's
own woist enemy? Tlose wlose tlouglts, sµeecl und
uctions uie evil, tley uie tleii own woist enemy. Even
il tley weie to suy: ¨We cuie ubout ouiselves,` nevei-
tleless tley would be tleii own woist enemy. And
wly? Becuuse tlut wlicl one would do 'to un enemy,
tley do to tlemselves. Tlose wlose tlouglts, sµeecl
und uctions uie good, tley uie tleii own best liiends.
Even il tley weie to suy: ¨We don't cuie ubout oui-
selves,` neveitleless tley would be tleii own best
liiend. And wly? Becuuse tlut wlicl one would do to
u liiend, tley do to tlemselves.
71
"13*-;
0;. Gieed, lutied und delusion uie unskilllul.
Wlutevei tle gieedy, luting oi deluded µeison does
witl body, sµeecl oi mind ÷ tlut is unskilllul, ulso.
Wlutevei one oveiwlelmed by gieed, lutied oi delu-
sion, witl mind uncontiolled, does to unotlei, un}ustly
cuusing lim sulleiing tliougl µunislment, imµiison-
ment, nne, ubuse, bunislment, oi on tle giounds tlut
¨miglt is iiglt` ÷ ull tlut is unskilllul, too.
"13*-«
0«. Foui tlings leud to woildly µiogiess: uclieve-
ment in uleitness, in cuution, in good liiendsliµ und
uclievement in bulunced livelilood. And wlut is
uclievement in uleitness? Conceining tlis, in wlutevei
wuy one euins u living, wletlei by luiming, tiuding,
cuttle ieuiing, uicleiy, seivice to tle king oi by some
ciult, in tlut one becomes delt und tiieless, gilted witl
un inquiiing tuin ol mind into wuys und meuns, und
uble to uiiunge und cuiiy out tle }ob.
And wlut is uclievement in cuution? Con-
ceining tlis, wlutevei one euins by woik und elloit,
collected by stiengtl ol uim und sweut ol biow in u }ust
und luwlul munnei, one lusbunds, wutcles und guuids
so tlut kings do not seize it, tlieves do not steul it, nie
72
oi wutei do not destioy it, und unwunted leiis do not
iemove it.
And wlut is good liiendsliµ? Conceining
tlis, in wlutevei villuge oi town one lives, one ussoci-
utes witl, conveises witl, discusses tlings witl µeoµle
eitlei young oi old, wlo uie cultuied, lull ol luitl, lull
ol viitue, lull ol cluiity und lull ol wisdom. One ucts
in uccoidunce witl tle luitl ol tle luitllul, tle viitue
ol tle viituous, tle cluiity ol tle cluiituble und tle
wisdom ol tle wise.
And wlut is bulunced livelilood? Conceining
tlis, one knows botl lis income und exµendituie und
lives neitlei extiuvuguntly noi miseily, knowing tlut
income ultei exµendituie will stund ut so mucl und
tlut exµenses will not exceed income. Just us u gold-
smitl oi lis uµµientice knows, on lolding tle scules,
tlut so mucl lus diµµed down und so mucl lus tilted
uµ, one knows income und exµendituie. Il one witl
smull income weie to leud un extiuvugunt lile tleie
would be tlose wlo would suy: ¨He en}oys lis weultl
like u wood-uµµle eutei.` Likewise, il one witl u good
income weie to be miseily, tleie would be tlose wlo
would suy: ¨He will die like u beggui.` Tleie uie loui
clunnels tliougl wlicl tle weultl one lus collected
is lost: debuucleiy, diunkenness, gumbling und liiend-
sliµ witl evildoeis. Imugine tleie weie u gieut tunk ol
wutei witl loui inlets und outlets, und u mun weie to
73
close tle inlets but keeµ tle outlets oµen. Il tleie weie
no iuin we could exµect tle wutei to decieuse. In tle
sume wuy, tlese uie tle loui clunnels tliougl wlicl
weultl is lost. Tleie uie tlese loui clunnels tliougl
wlicl tle weultl one lus collected is µieseived:
uvoidunce ol debuucleiy, diunkenness, gumbling und
liiendsliµ witl evildoeis. Imugine tleie weie u gieut
tunk ol wutei witl loui inlets und outlets, und u mun
weie to keeµ tle inlets oµen und close tle outlets. Il le
did tlis und tleie weie good iuinlull, we could exµect
tle wutei to incieuse. In tle sume wuy, tleie uie tlese
loui clunnels tliougl wlicl weultl is µieseived.
"13*-s
0s. Tleie uie tlese tliee unskilllul tyµes ol
tlouglt. Wlut tliee? Tlouglts ol sell-esteem, tlouglts
ol guins, lonouis und lume und tlouglts ol woiiying
ubout otleis.
"13*-o
0o. Tlese nve tiudes ouglt not to be µiuctised
by u luymun. Wlut nve? Tiude in weuµons, tiude in
lumun beings, tiude in ßesl, tiude in ulcolol und tiude
in µoisons.
74
"13*-t
0t. Possessed ol loui quulities, one is undeistood
us being u good µeison. Wlut loui?
Conceining tlis, tle good µeison does not
sµeuk ol wlut is to tle disciedit ol unotlei, even wlen
usked. Wlut tlen wlen unusked? Il, lowevei, on being
questioned, le is iequiied to sµeuk, tlen witl ieseive
le disµiuises tle otlei µeison, witl lesitution und in
biiel. Tlis is tle meuning ol tle suying: ¨Tlis µeison
is good.`
Aguin, tle good µeison, even wlen unusked,
sµeuks ol wlut is to tle ciedit ol unotlei. Wlut tlen
wlen usked? Il, lowevei, on being questioned, le is
iequiied to sµeuk, tlen witlout ieseive le µiuises tle
otlei µeison witlout lesitution und in lull. Tlis is tle
meuning ol tle suying: ¨Tlis µeison is good.`
Once uguin, tle good µeison, even wlen un-
usked, sµeuks ol wlut is to lis own disciedit. Wlut
tlen wlen usked? Il, lowevei, on being questioned, le
is iequiied to sµeuk, tlen witlout ieseive le sµeuks ol
wlut is to lis own disciedit witlout lesitution und in
lull. Tlis is tle meuning ol tle suying: ¨Tlis µeison is
good.`
Finully, tle good µeison does not sµeuk ol
wlut is to lis own ciedit, even wlen usked. Wlut tlen
wlen unusked? Il, lowevei, on being questioned, le is
7S
iequiied to sµeuk, tlen witl ieseive le sµeuks ol wlut
is to lis own ciedit, witl lesitution und in biiel. Tlis is
tle meuning ol tle suying: ¨Tlis µeison is good.`
"13*-ö
0ö. Even il one slould seize tle lem ol my iobe
und wulk steµ by steµ belind me, il le is covetous in
lis desiies, neice in lis longings, mulevolent ol leuit,
witl coiiuµt mind, cuieless und uniestiuined, noisy
und distiucted und witl senses uncontiolled, le is lui
liom me. And wly? He does not see tle Dlummu, und
not seeing tle Dlummu, le does not see me. Even il
one lives u lundied miles uwuy, il le is not covetous
in lis desiies, not neice in lis longings, witl u kind
leuit und µuie mind, mindlul, comµosed, culmed, one-
µointed und witl senses iestiuined, tlen indeed, le is
neui to me und I um neui to lim. And wly? He sees tle
Dlummu, und seeing tle Dlummu, sees me.
Tlougl µlysicully close belind,
Il one is ucquisitive und iestless,
How lui is tlut tuibulent one liom one ut µeuce,
Tlut buining one liom one cooled,
Tlut lunkeiing one liom one content!
76
But tloiouglly undeistunding Dlummu,
And lieed liom longing tliougl insiglt,
Tle wise one, iid ol ull desiie,
Is culm us u µool unstiiied by tle wind.
How close is tlut µeucelul one to one ut µeuce,
Tlut cool one to one cooled,
Tlut content one to one content!
"13*-0
00. Wlutevei u Tutlugutu utteis, sµeuks und µio-
cluims between tle duy ol lis enligltenment und tle
duy le dies, ull tlut is luctuul, not otleiwise, und tlut
is wly le is culled ¨Tutlugutu`.
"13*-ro
roo. Wlutevei luim un enemy cun do to un enemy,
Oi u lutei to u lutei,
An ill-diiected mind
Cuuses onesell even gieutei luim.
No motlei oi lutlei
Oi uny otlei kin
Cun do gieutei good loi onesell
Tlun u well-diiected mind.
77
"13*-rr
ror. One's µutience slould be stiengtlened by
tlinking: ¨Tlose wlo luve no µutience uie ulßicted in
tlis woild und do uctions tlut leud to ulßiction in tle
next lile.` One slould tlink: ¨Altlougl tlis sulleiing
uiises becuuse ol tle wiong deeds ol otleis, my body
is tle neld loi tlut sulleiing, und tle uctions wlicl
biouglt it into being uie mine.` One slould tlink:
¨Tlis sulleiing will liee me liom tle debt ol kummu.`
One slould tlink: ¨Il tleie weie no wiongdoeis, low
could I biing µutience to µeilection?` One slould
tlink: ¨Altlougl le is u wiongdoei now, in tle µust
le muy luve been my beneluctoi.` One slould tlink:
¨A wiongdoei is ut tle sume time u beneluctoi becuuse
tliougl lim µutience cun be µiuctised.` One slould
tlink: ¨All beings uie like my own clildien und wlo
would get ungiy ovei tle misdeeds ol one's own clil-
dien?` One slould tlink: ¨He does me wiong becuuse
ol some luult in mysell, I slould stiive to iemove tlis.`
"13*-r:
ro:. Tleie uie tlese seven conditions wlicl ovei-
tuke un ungiy mun oi womun wlicl uie giutilying und
lelµlul to u iivul. Wlut seven?
78
Tuke tle cuse ol one wlo wisles ol u iivul:
¨I wisl le weie ugly.` And wly? One does not like u
beuutilul iivul. Tlis µeison, oveiwlelmed und sub-
veited by ungei even tlougl le is butled, unointed,
witl tiimmed luii und beuid und clud in cleun clotles
÷ loi ull tlut, le is ugly becuuse ol lis ungei.
Tlen, tuke tle cuse ol one wlo wisles tlis ol
u iivul: ¨I loµe le sleeµs budly.` And wly? One does
not like u iivul to sleeµ well. Tlis µeison, being ovei-
wlelmed und subveited by ungei, desµite lying on u
bed sµieud witl ßeecy covei, sµieud witl wlite blun-
kets und woollen covei embioideied witl ßoweis, cov-
eied by un unteloµe skin, witl uwning ubove und ied
cuslions ut eucl end ÷ le sleeµs budly becuuse ol lis
ungei.
Aguin, tuke tle cuse ol one wlo wisles tlis ol
u iivul: ¨I loµe le becomes µooi.` And wly? One does
not like u iicl iivul. Tlis µeison, being oveiwlelmed
und subveited by ungei, owning wlutevei µossessions,
euined by vigoui, gutleied uµ by stiengtl ol uim und
sweut ol biow iiglteously und luwlully ÷ tle king will
oidei tlem ull sent to tle ioyul tieusuiy becuuse le is
oveiwlelmed by ungei.
Once uguin, tuke tle cuse ol one wlo wisles
tlis ol u iivul: ¨I wisl le wus witlout lume.` And
wly? One does not like u lumous iivul. Foi tlis soit
ol µeison, being oveiwlelmed und subveited by ungei,
79
wlutevei lume le lus euined lulls uwuy becuuse le is
oveiwlelmed by ungei.
Aguin, tuke tle cuse ol one wlo wisles tlis
ol u iivul: ¨I loµe le lus no liiends.` And wly? One
does not like u iivul witl liiends. As loi tlis µeison,
being oveiwlelmed und subveited by ungei, wlutevei
liiends, intimutes, ielutives und kin le lus will ull
uvoid lim und keeµ uwuy liom lim becuuse le is ovei-
wlelmed by ungei.
And nnully, tuke tle cuse ol one wlo wisles
tlis ol u iivul: ¨I loµe le goes to lell.` And wly? One
does not like u iivul to go to leuven. Tlis µeison, ovei-
wlelmed und subveited by ungei, misconducts limsell
in body, sµeecl, und mind und tlus goes to lell lim-
sell.
Tlese uie tle seven conditions wlicl ovei-
tuke tle ungiy mun oi womun wlicl uie giutilying
und lelµlul to u iivul.
"13*-r;
ro;. It is like u leµei witl lis limbs ull iuvuged
und lesteiing, being euten by veimin, wlo teuis lis
oµen soies witl lis nuils und scoicles lis body ovei u
cluicoul µit. Tle moie le does it tle moie tlose oµen
soies become seµtic, evil-smelling und µutielying, und
tle sciutcling biings only little ieliel. In u similui wuy
80
do beings wlo uie not yet lieed liom uttuclment to
sense µleusuies, wlile being consumed by tle ciuv-
ing loi, und buining witl tle levei ol sense µleusuies,
continue to cluse ultei sense µleusuies. And tle moie
tley cluse ultei tlem, tle moie tley ciuve und buin
loi tlem, und tlis biings only little ieliel.
"13*-r«
ro«. Tleie uie tlese six dungeis ussociuted witl idle-
ness. Tlinking: ¨It's too cold,` one does not woik. Tlink-
ing: ¨It's too lot,` one does not woik. Tlinking: ¨It's too
euily,` one does not woik. Tlinking: ¨It's too lute,` one
does not woik. Tlinking: ¨I um too lungiy,` one does not
woik. Tlinking: ¨I um too lull,` one does not woik.
"13*-rs
ros. Wlen tle good Gotumu teucles Dlummu to
tle ussembly in u µuik, le does not exult tlem oi disµui-
uge tlem; on tle contiuiy, le deliglts, uµlilts, insµiies,
und gluddens tlut ussembly witl tulk on Dlummu. Tle
sound tlut comes liom tle good Gotumu's moutl lus
eiglt quulities: it is distinct und intelligible, sweet und
uudible, ßuent und cleui, deeµ und iesonunt. Tleieloie
wlen le instiucts tle ussembly, lis voice does not go
beyond tlut ussembly. Altei being deliglted, uµlilted,
81
insµiied und gluddened witl tulk on Dlummu, tley
iise liom tleii seuts und deµuit ieluctuntly, keeµing
tleii eyes uµon lim.
"13*-ro
roo. Tle lool muy be known by lis deeds; tle wise
one muy be known by lis deeds. Wisdom is illuminuted
by one's deeds.
"13*-rt
rot. Tle noble disciµle wlo is utteily devoted to und
lus unslukuble luitl in tle Tutlugutu cun luve no doubt
oi wuveiing conceining tle Tutlugutu oi lis teuclings.
And it muy be exµected tlut sucl u disciµle will live
iesolute in eneigy, ulwuys stiiving to ubundon bud quuli-
ties und develoµ tle good, und tlut le will be eneigetic
in exeiting limsell und will not dioµ tle good.
"13*-rö
roö. Tleie uie tlese nve wuys ol oveicoming mul-
ice wlicl ouglt to be oveicome wlen it uiises. Wlut
nve? In wloevei mulice uiises, in lim slould love be
develoµed. In wloevei mulice uiises, in lim comµus-
sion slould be develoµed. In wloevei mulice uiises,
in lim equunimity slould be develoµed. In wloevei
82
mulice uiises, le slould loiget ubout it, µuy it no utten-
tion. In wloevei mulice uiises, in lim tle luct tlut it is
ol lis own muking slould be nxed in lis mind und le
slould tlink: ¨Tlis is ol my own muking, tle leii ol
uctions; uctions uie its mutiix, uctions uie its kin und
loundution. And wlutevei one does, good oi bud, one
will become leii to tlut.`
In tlese nve wuys mulice slould be µut uwuy.
"13*-r0
ro0. I will teucl you tle Miiioi ol Dlummu wlicl,
il someone µossesses, le muy conndently suy: ¨Rebiitl
in lell us un unimul oi u glost is imµossible loi me.
I um u Stieum-Winnei, sule liom lulling into miseiy;
I um bound loi enligltenment.` And wlut is tle Mii-
ioi ol tle Dlummu? Conceining tlis, u noble disciµle
lus unwuveiing luitl in tle Buddlu und tlinks: ¨Sucl
indeed is tle Loid ÷ u Noble One, u lully enligltened
Buddlu, witl µeilect knowledge und conduct, luµµily
uttuined, u knowei ol tle woilds, guide unsuiµussed ol
men to be tumed, u teuclei ol gods und men, u Buddlu,
tle Loid.` He lus unwuveiing luitl in tle Dlummu
und tlinks: ¨Beuutilully tuuglt is tle Loid's Dlummu,
immediutely uµµuient, timeless, ol tle nutuie ol u
µeisonul invitution, µiogiessive, to be uttuined by tle
wise eucl loi limsell.` He lus unwuveiing luitl in
83
tle Sunglu und tlinks: ¨Huµµily luiing uie tle Loid's
disciµles, stiuigltloiwuidly luiing uie tle Loid's disci-
µles, coiiectly luiing uie tle Loid's disciµles, metlodi-
cully luiing uie tle Loid's disciµles ÷ numely, tle loui
µuiis ol individuuls, tle eiglt tyµes ol µeisons. Tlese
disciµles ol tle Loid uie woitly ol olleiings, losµitul-
ity, gilts, sulututions witl lolded lunds; tley uie un
imcomµuiuble souice ol goodness in tle woild.` Also,
le lus tle viitues tlut uie loved by tle Noble Ones
÷ comµlete, µeilect, sµotless und µuie, viitues tlut uie
lieeing, µiuised by tle wise, uninßuenced by woildly
conceins und conducive to concentiution.
"13*-:o
rro. One muy not be skilled in tle lubit ol otlei's
tlouglts but ut leust one cun muke tlis iesolve: ¨I will
be skilled in tle lubit ol my own tlouglts.` Tlis is low
you slould tiuin youisell, und tlis is low it is done.
A womun, u mun oi u youtl lond ol sell-udoinment,
exumining lis ießection in u biiglt, cleui miiioi oi u
bowl ol cleui wutei miglt see u blemisl oi µimµle und
tiy to iemove it. And wlen le no longei sees it tleie,
le is µleused und sutisned und tlinks: ¨It is un udvun-
tuge to be cleun.` In tle sume wuy, one's intiosµection
is most liuitlul in good stutes wlen one tlinks: ¨Am I
usuully gieedy oi lutelul, oveicome by slotl und toiµoi,
84
witl excited mind oi nlled witl doubt oi ungei, oi um
I not? Do I usuully live witl soiled tlouglts, oi cleun
tlouglts? Witl body µussionute oi not, sluggisl oi lull
ol eneigy, uncontiolled oi well contiolled?` Il on sell-
exuminution one nnds tlut le does live witl tlese evil
unµiontuble stutes, tlen le must µut loitl extiu desiie,
elloit, endeuvoui, exeition, eneigy, uwuieness und ut-
tention to ubundon tlem. And il on sell-exuminution
le nnds tlut le does not live witl tle evil unµiontuble
stutes, tlen le slould muke un elloit to estublisl tlose
µiontuble stutes und luitlei destioy tle denlements.
"13*-:r
rrr. At tlut time, tle Loid, luving stuyed us long
us le liked ut Benuies, set out loi Uiuvelu. Tlen tuin-
ing oll tle ioud, le enteied u woodlund giove und sut
down ut tle loot ol u tiee. Now ut tlut time u giouµ ol
ubout tliity liiends ol ligl stunding und tleii wives
weie en}oying tlemselves in tlut sume woodlund. One
ol tle liiends lud no wile, so u µiostitute lud been
biouglt ulong loi lim, und wlile tley weie en}oying
tlemselves sle took tleii belongings und iun uwuy. So
tlese liiends begun looking uiound loi tle womun, und
us tley ioumed ubout tley suw tle Loid ut tle loot ol
tle tiee. Tley uµµioucled lim und usked: ¨Loid, luve
you seen u womun?`
8S
¨Wlut, young men, luve you to do witl u
womun?`
So tley told tle Loid wlut lud luµµened und
wly tley weie looking loi tle womun. And tle Loid
suid to tlem: ¨Wlut do you tlink? Wlicl is bettei? To
seek loi tlis womun, oi to seek loi youisell?`
¨Tiuly, Loid, it would be bettei to seek loi oui-
selves.`
¨Well tlen, sit down und I will teucl you
Dlummu.`
So tlose liiends sut down und tle Loid guve
u µiogiessive tulk, tlut is to suy, on viitue, leuven, tle
dungei, tle lutility und tle deµiuvity ol sense µleusuies
und tle udvuntuges ol giving tlem uµ. Tlen, wlen tle
Loid knew tlut tleii minds weie ieudy, mulleuble, liee
liom lindiunce, uµlilted und gluddened, le exµluined
to tlem tle teucling wlicl is unique to tle Buddlus
÷ sulleiing, its cuuse, its oveicoming und tle wuy to its
oveicoming.
"13*-::
rr:. Tleie uie tlese six dungeis ol being uddicted
to gumbling. In winning, one begets lutied; in los-
ing, one mouins tle loss ol weultl; one's woid is not
ucceµted in couit; one is uvoided by botl liiends und
86
olnciuls; one is not souglt ultei loi muiiiuge, us µeoµle
suy u gumblei cunnot suµµoit u wile.
"13*-:;
rr;. Enduiing µutience is tle liglest uusteiity.
"13*-:«
rr«. I luve leuid tlis suid: ¨Sublime is ubiding in
love,` und tle Loid is µiool ol tlis becuuse le is seen to
ubide in love.
"13*-:s
rrs. Now ut tlut time, u ceituin monk wus sullei-
ing liom dysenteiy, und luy wleie le lud lullen in lis
own exciement. Tle Loid und Anundu weie visiting
tle lodgings und tley cume to wleie tle sick monk luy,
und tle Loid usked lim: ¨Monk, wlut is wiong witl
you?`
¨I luve dysenteiy.`
¨Is tleie no one to look ultei you?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨Tlen wly is it tlut tle otlei monks don't
look ultei you?`
¨It is becuuse I um ol no use to tlem, Loid.`
87
Tlen tle Loid suid to Anundu: ¨Go und letcl
wutei. We will wusl tlis monk.` So, Anundu biouglt
wutei und tle Loid µouied it out wlile Anundu wusled
'

tle monk ull ovei. Tlen tuking tle monk by tle leud
und leet, tle Loid und Anundu togetlei cuiiied lim
und luid lim on u bed. Lutei, tle Loid culled tle monks
togetlei und usked tlem: ¨Wly, monks, did you not
look ultei tlut sick monk?`
¨Becuuse le wus ol no use to us, Loid.`
¨You luve no motlei oi lutlei to tuke cuie ol
you. Il you do not look ultei eucl otlei, wlo else will?
He wlo would nuise me, let lim nuise tle sick.`
"13*-:o
rro. Tlen Veneiuble Suiiµuttu suid: ¨Tleie uie
tlese nve wuys ol µutting uwuy mulice tlut uiises.
Wlut nve?
¨Tuke tle cuse ol u µeison Wlose wuys uie
imµuie in deed but not in woid. Suµµose u monk wlo
weuis iobes mude liom iugs weie to see u iug on tle
ioud, le would lold it witl lis lelt loot und sµieud it
out witl lis iiglt loot und tiy to muke tle best use ol
it und tlen go on lis wuy. In tle sume wuy, one wlose
wuys uie imµuie in deed but not in woid, lis deeds
ouglt to be disieguided. Tlink insteud ubout lis wuys
tlut uie µuie.
88
¨And conceining one wlose woids uie imµuie
but wlo is µuie in deed, low slould mulice be µut
uwuy? Suµµose u mun, toituied by leut, by leut ovei-
sµent, weuiied, ciuving und tliisty weie to come uµon u
µond oveigiown witl mossy slime und wutei µlunts. He
would µlunge into tle µond, scuttei tle wutei µlunts tlis
wuy und tlut, cuµ lis lunds, diink und tlen go lis wuy
ieliesled. In tle sume wuy, one wlose woids uie im-
µuie but wlo is µuie in deed, lis woids ouglt to be dis-
ieguided. Tlink insteud ubout lis wuys tlut uie µuie.
¨And wlut ol one wlo is imµuie in botl woid
und deed, but wlo cun uttuin mentul cluiity und culm
liom time to time? Suµµose u mun, toituied by leut,
by leut oveisµent, weuiied, ciuving und tliisty, weie
to come uµon u µuddle in u cow's lootµiint. He miglt
tlink to limsell: 'Heie is u µuddle in u cow's lootµiint,
but il I diink using my lunds oi u cuµ I will stii und
cluin uµ tle mud und muke it unnt to diink. Wlut il I
weie to cioucl down on ull louis, bend low und diink
us does u cow?' And so le does tlis. In tle sume wuy,
one wlo is imµuie in botl woid und deed but wlo cun
uttuin mentul cluiity und culm liom time to time, lis
woids und deeds ouglt to be disieguided. Tlink only
ol lis cluiity und culm.
¨And wlut ol one wlose wuys uie imµuie und
wlo cunnot even uttuin mentul cluiity und culm? Suµ-
µose u sick und uiling mun, giievously ill, weie going
89
ulong u liglwuy witl no villuge in liont oi belind, un-
uble to get tle µioµei lood, medicine oi uttention, oi u
guide to tle next villuge. Il unotlei mun weie to see
lim, le miglt leel µity und le miglt suy to limsell.
'Tlis µooi mun, le slould get lelµ oi le will sullei to
lis destiuction.' In tle sume wuy, loi one wlose wuys
uie imµuie und wlo cunnot even uttuin mentul cluiity
und culm, µity, comµussion und commiseiution ouglt
to uiise und you slould tlink: 'Tlis µooi mun, le
slould give uµ tle bud und develoµ tle good, oi else
ultei deutl le will luve u bud iebiitl.'
¨And conceining one wlose woids und deeds
uie µuie und wlo lus mentul cluiity und culm, low
slould mulice be µut uwuy? Suµµose u mun, toituied
by leut, by leut oveisµent, weuiied, ciuving und tliisty
weie to come uµon u µool ol sweet, cool, limµid wutei, u
lovely iesting µluce sluded by ull kinds ol tiees. He would
µlunge into tlut µond, butle, diink und come out und lie
tleie in tle slude. In tle sume wuy, ol tlis µeison, tlink
ubout lis µuiity und mentul cluiity und culm.`
"13*-:t
rrt. Suµµose un enemy lus luit you
In lis own domuin.
Wly slould you unnoy youisell
And luit youi mind in youi domuin?
90
In teuis you lelt youi lumily,
Tley wlo weie kind und lelµlul ulwuys.
So wly not leuve belind youi enemy
And tle ungei tlut biings so mucl luim?
Tlis ungei wlicl you embiuce
Euts uwuy ut tle veiy ioots
Ol ull tle viitues you stiive to develoµ.
Wlo would be sucl u lool?
Someone else does evil deeds
And you get ungiy. Wly?
Do you wisl to coµy lim
And uct us le does?
Suµµose someone, to unnoy,
Piovokes you to do some evil uct.
Wly ullow ungei to uiise und tlus
Do exuctly us le wunts you to do?
Il you get ungiy
Tlen muybe le will sullei, muybe not.
But by leeling ungei youisell
You ceituinly do sullei.
Il enemies blinded by ungei
Aie content to wulk tle µutl ol woe,
91
Do you wisl to lollow tlem
By getting ungiy youisell?
Il u loe µiovokes you
To luit youisell by getting ungiy,
Let tlut ungei subside.
Do not luim youisell needlessly.
"13*-:ö
rrö. Cittu tle louseloldei suid to tle monks:
¨Suµµose u bluck steei und u wlite steei weie tied to-
getlei by u ioµe oi yoke. Now, il one weie to suy tlut
tle bluck steei wus tle lettei ol tle wlite one, oi tlut
tle wlite steei wus tle lettei ol tle bluck one, would
one be sµeuking iigltly?`
¨No, tley would not, louseloldei. Tley uie
letteied by tle ioµe oi yoke.`
¨Well, in tle sume wuy, monks, tle eye is not
tle lettei ol ob}ects, noi is tle ob}ect tle lettei ol tle
eye. Rutlei, tle desiie und ciuving tlut uiises owing to
tle µuii ol tlem, tlut is tle lettei. Tle eui und sounds,
tle nose und smells, tle tongue und tustes, tle mind
und tlouglts uie not tle letteis, but iutlei tle desiie
und ciuving tlut uiises owing to tle µuiis ol tlem, tlut
is tle lettei.`
92
¨Good loi you, louseloldei, well suid. You
luve tle eye ol wisdom tlut is consistent witl tle
Buddlu's deeµ teucling.`
"13*-:0
rr0. Kimbilu usked tle Loid: ¨Wlut is tle cuuse,
wlut is tle ieuson wly, ultei tle Tutlugutu uttuins
nnul Niivunu, tle good Dlummu will lust long?`
¨Il, ultei tle Tutlugutu lus uttuined nnul
Niivunu, tle monks und tle nuns, tle luymen und tle
luywomen live witl ieveience und leed to tle Teucl-
ei, tle Dlummu und tle Sunglu, live witl ieveience
und leed to tle tiuining, to concentiution, to euinest-
ness und to goodwill, tlen tle good Dlummu will lust
long.`
"13*-;o
r:o. Some loolisl µeoµle leie, on being told by
me: ¨Give tlis uµ,` suy: ¨But wlut is tlis smull und
insignincunt muttei? Tlis iecluse luys too mucl stiess
on smull tlings.` And so tley do not give uµ tlut tling
und tley cuuse dissutisluction to be nuised uguinst me
und tlose wlo do desiie tle tiuining. Tlis becomes loi
tlem u stiong, solid und stout bond, u bond not eusily
woin uwuy, like u tlick block ol wood.
93
m
o;
.":r
r:r. One wlo is seiious is u believei, not un un-
believei. One wlo is seiious is eneigetic, not luzy. One
wlo is seiious lus nim mindlulness, not distiucted.
One wlo is seiious lus cleui comµielension, not con-
lused comµielension. One wlo is seiious lus stiong
wisdom, not weuk.
Wlen you luve estublisled tlese nve tlings in
youisell, you slould ulso muke six tlings giow witlin
you. You slould iecollect tle Tutlugutu like tlis: ¨Sucl
indeed is tle Loid, u Noble One, u lully enligltened
Buddlu, witl µeilect knowledge und conduct, luµµily
uttuined, u knowei ol tle woilds, guide unsuiµussed
ol men to be tiuined, u teuclei ol gods und men, u
Buddlu, tle Loid.`
You slould iecollect tle Dlummu like tlis:
¨Beuutilully tuuglt is tle Loid's Dlummu, immediutely
uµµuient, timeless, ol tle nutuie ol u µeisonul invitu-
tion, µiogiessive, to be uttuined by tle wise, eucl loi
limsell.`
You slould iecollect tle Sunglu like tlis:
¨Huµµily luiing uie tle Loid's disciµles, stiuigltloi-
wuidly luiing uie tle Loid's disciµles, coiiectly luiing
94
uie tle Loid's disciµles, metlodicully luiing uie tle
Loid's disciµles, numely, tle loui µuiis ol individuuls,
tle eiglt tyµes ol µeisons. Tlese disciµles ol tle Loid
uie woitly ol olleiings, losµitulity, gilts, sulutution
witl lolded lunds; tley uie un incomµuiuble souice ol
goodness in tle woild.`
You slould iecollect youi own viitues us be-
ing comµlete, wlole, unsµotted, untuinisled, lieedom-
giving, us being µiuised by tle wise, µuie und leuding
to concentiution.
You slould iecollect youi own geneiosity like
tlis: ¨It is u guin loi me. Indeed, it is u gieut guin tlut
umidst tlose oveicome by meunness, I live ut lome
witl tle mind cleuned ol meunness; I um oµen lunded,
µuie-lunded, deliglting in sluiing, one to usk u luvoui
ol, one wlo ie}oices in giving tlings.`
Aguin, you slould iecollect tle gods in tlis
wuy: ¨Tleie uie tle gods ol tle Foui Gieut Kings, tle
Tliity-tliee Gods, tle gods ol Yumu, tle gods ol de-
liglt, tle gods wlo deliglt in cieution, tlose wlo luve
µowei ovei tle cieutions ol otleis, tlose in tle com-
µuny ol Biulmu und tlose beyond tlut. I, too, luve tle
luitl, tle viitue, tle leuining, tle geneiosity, und tle
wisdom by wlicl tlese gods, on dying leie, weie ie-
boin tleie in leuven.`
At u time wlen u noble disciµle iecollects
ull tlese tlings, lis mind is lieed liom gieed, lutied
9S
und delusion. At tlut time, lis mind is stiuiglt und
nxed uµon tlose tlings, und witl u stiuiglt mind
le exµiesses tle gludness ol tle good, tle gludness
ol tle Dlummu, und tle gludness tlut goes witl
Dlummu. In one wlo is glud, }oy uiises; becuuse ol
}oy, tle body is tiunquil; witl tiunquil body one is
luµµy, und tle mind ol one wlo is luµµy is concen-
tiuted. About u µeison like tlis, it is suid: ¨Tle noble
disciµle wlo iecollects tle Buddlu, tle Dlummu und
tle Sunglu, wlo iecollects viitue, geneiosity und tle
gods ÷ tlut disciµle dwells evenly umong lolk wlo
dwell unevenly.`
."::
r::. And wlut is tle luctoi ol exeition loi tle uttei
µuiincution ol viitues? In tlis cuse, one is viituous, le
undeitukes und µiuctices tle µieceµts. Tlis iesolve is
culled tle comµlete µuiincution ol viitue: ¨I will biing
to µeilection tle µuiincution ol viitue il it is incom-
µlete, und il it is comµlete I will suµµlement it leie und
tleie witl wisdom.` Tlis is culled tle comµlete µuiin-
cution ol viitue. Tle desiie, tle elloit, tle exeition, tle
endeuvoui, tle µeisistence, tle mindlulness und utten-
tion uµµlied to tlis is culled u luctoi in tle comµlete
µuiincution ol viitue.
96
.":;
r:;. One stiong in luitl but weuk in wisdom lus
unciiticul und gioundless conndence. One stiong in
wisdom but weuk in luitl eiis on tle side ol cunning
und is us luid to cuie us one wlose sickness is cuused
by u medicine. Wlen tle two uie bulunced, one lus
conndence only wleie tleie uie giounds loi it.
.":«
r:«. Now, Asibundlukuµuttu, u lollowei ol Nigun-
tlu Nutuµuttu, cume to wleie tle Loid wus und tle
Loid usked lim: ¨Wlut doctiine does Niguntlu Nutu-
µuttu teucl lis disciµles?`
¨Loid, Nutuµuttu teucles tlut wloevei kills,
steuls, commits sexuul misconduct oi lies ÷ tlut µei-
son goes to lell. Accoiding to low one lubituully ucts,
one goes to one's destiny.`
¨But il you suy tlut us one ucts lubituully one
goes to one's destiny, tlen uccoiding to Nutuµuttu's
teucling no one would go to lell. Wlut do you tlink?
Il u mun suy, kills by duy oi niglt oi liom time to time,
wlicl time is tle most lubituul to lim, wlen le kills
oi wlen le doesn't kill?`
¨Well, Loid, tle time wlen le is not killing is
most lubituul to lim.`
97
¨Now, suy u teuclei teucles u doctiine sucl
us tlis und u lollowei lus luitl in sucl u teuclei. Tlut
lollowei would tlink: 'My teuclei suys tlut wloevei
kills, steuls, commits sexuul misconduct oi lies goes to
lell. Now I luve done tlese tlings so I um bound to
go to lell.' And so, lolding tlis view, not giving it uµ,
tlinking it, not letting it go le does go to lell. But suy
u Tutlugutu uiises in tle woild. He censuies, stiongly
censuies killing, steuling, sexuul misconduct und lying,
suying, 'Abstuin liom tlese tlings.' Tlen suy u lollowei
lus luitl in sucl u teuclei, tlut lollowei would tlink:
'Tle Loid in muny wuys censuies, stiongly censuies
killing, steuling, sexuul misconduct und lying, suy-
ing: ¨Abstuin liom tlese tlings.` Now I luve done sucl
tlings. Tlut is not well done, it is not good. Moieovei,
I muy be iemoiselul wlen I iemembei tlut sucl deeds
cunnot be undone.' Tlinking in tlis wuy, le ubundons
sucl deeds. In tlis wuy le goes beyond evil deeds. By
ubundoning killing, le ubstuins liom killing, by ubun-
doning steuling le ubstuins liom steuling, by ubundon-
ing sexuul misconduct le ubstuins liom tlut, by ubun-
doning lying le ubstuins liom tlut ulso. By ubundoning
buckbiting, luisl sµeecl, und idle cluttei le ubstuins
liom tlut. By ubundoning gieed, le becomes genei-
ous, by ubundoning lutied le becomes kind, und by
ubundoning wiong view le becomes one witl µeilect
view. Tlis noble disciµle, lieed liom gieed und lutied,
98
not bewildeied but mindlul und concentiuted, ubides
sullusing tle loui quuiteis ol tle woild, ubove, below,
ucioss, eveiywleie, ull beings, tle wlole woild witl u
mind nlled witl love, comµussion, symµutletic }oy und
equunimity tlut is widesµieud, giown gieut. Just us u
stiong conclblowei witl but little elloit gives notice to
tle loui quuiteis, in tle sume wuy, notling wlutsoevei
is lelt out ol tlut love, tlut comµussion, tlut symµu-
tletic }oy oi tlut equunimity.`
.":s
r:s. Tleie uie two tlings tlut buin tle conscience.
Wlut two? Suy u µeison lus done immoiul ucts ol body,
sµeecl oi mind, oi lus luiled to do viituous ucts ol
body, sµeecl oi mind. Wlen le tlinks ol tlis le buins
witl iemoise.
.":o
r:o. Tleie uie tlese two gilts, tle woildly und tle
sµiiituul, und ol tlese two, tle sµiiituul gilt is liglest.
Tleie uie tlese two sluiings, tle woildly und tle sµii-
ituul, und ol tlese two, tle sµiiituul sluiing is tle ligl-
est. Tleie uie tlese two ucts ol kindliness, tle woildly
und tle sµiiituul, und ol tlese two, tle sµiiituul uct ol
kindness is tle liglest.
99
.":t
r:t. It is good liom time to time to ieview one's
own luults; it is good liom time to time to ieview un-
otlei's luults. It is good liom time to time to ieview
one's own uttuinments; it is good liom time to time to
ieview unotlei's uttuinments.
.":ö
r:ö. As wutei is bulunced, unsluken, untioubled
und quite µuie by nutuie, even so, tle meditutoi, tle
euinest student ol meditution, disµelling tiickeiy, cu}ol-
eiy, insinuution und dissembling, slould be well µoised,
unsluken, untioubled und quite µuie by nutuie.
As wutei is µoised, cool by nutuie, even so,
tle meditutoi, tle euinest student ol meditution, out ol
comµussion loi ull cieutuies und seeking tleii welluie,
slould be µossessed ol µutience, love und meicy.
Aguin, us wutei mukes tle imµuie µuie, even
so, tle meditutoi, tle euinest student ol meditution,
wletlei le be in tle villuge oi tle loiest, slould in ull
ciicumstunces be one wlo, being witlout tiunsgies-
sion, gives no ieuson to be ieµiimunded by µieceµtoi
oi teuclei.
And uguin, us wutei is desiied by eveiybody,
even so, tle meditutoi, tle euinest student ol meditu-
100
tion, becuuse le lus lew wisles, is content, ulool und
solituiy in meditution, und slould be one wlo is con-
stuntly mucl desiied by tle wlole woild.
And nnully, us wutei gives tiouble to no one,
even so, tle meditutoi, tle euinest student ol meditu-
tion slould do no wiong by body, sµeecl oi tlouglt
tlut µioduces in otleis stiile, quuiiels, contention, dis-
µutes, neglected meditution oi dislike.
.":0
r:0. One wlo enduies ubuse, violence
Oi µunislment witlout iesentment,
And wlose µowei und µiotection is µutience ÷
Him I cull u tiue Biulmin.
.":ro
r;o. Tle doei ol good ie}oices leie, ie}oices tleie,
Re}oices botl leie und tleie.
He ie}oices und is glud
As le iecollects lis own good deeds.
Tle doei ol good deliglts leie, deliglts tleie,
Deliglts botl leie und tleie.
Tle tlouglt: ¨Good I luve done`
Fills lim witl deliglt.
101
He deliglts ull tle moie
Wlen le goes to tle ieulm ol bliss.
.":rr
r;r. Recollect tle immeusuiuble Buddlu,
Be believing,
And witl tle body nlled witl }oy,
You will ulwuys be uµlilted.
Recollect tle immeusuiuble Dlummu,
Be believing,
And witl tle body nlled witl }oy,
You will ulwuys be uµlilted.
Recollect tle immeusuiuble Sunglu,
Be believing,
And witl tle body nlled witl }oy,
You will ulwuys be uµlilted.
.":r:
r;:. Tleie uie loui tyµes ol µeoµle wlo slould
be known us enemies disguised us liiends: tle gieedy
µeison, one wlo sµeuks but does not uct, tle ßutteiei
und tle squundeiei. Tle gieedy µeison is un enemy
disguised us u liiend loi loui ieusons. He is gieedy; le
gives little und usks mucl; il le does wlut le slould,
102
it is only out ol leui, und le µuisues lis own inteiests
only. He wlo sµeuks but does not uct is un enemy dis-
guised us u liiend loi loui ieusons. He ieminds you ol
tle good done on youi belull in tle µust; le tulks ol
good le will do on youi belull in tle lutuie; le tiies to
win youi luvoui witl emµty woids; wlen tle oµµoitu-
nity to lelµ uiises, le µleuds lelµlessness. Tle ßutteiei
is un enemy disguised us u liiend loi loui ieusons. He
encouiuges you to do wiong; le discouiuges you liom
doing iiglt; le µiuises you to youi luce und sµeuks ill ol
you belind youi buck. Tle squundeiei is un enemy dis-
guised us u liiend loi loui ieusons ulso. He is youi com-
µunion wlen you diink, wlen you liequent tle stieets
ut untimely louis, wlen you luunt low slows und luiis,
und le is youi comµunion wlen you gumble.
A liiend wlo ulwuys wunts to tuke,
A liiend wlo suys but doesn't do,
A liiend wlo uses ßutteiing woids,
A liiend wlo }oins you in wiong ÷
Tlese loui liiends uie ieully loes,
And one wlo is wise, luving undeistood tlis,
Will uvoid tlem liom ului,
As il tley weie u dungeious ioud.
Tleie uie loui kinds ol stout-leuited µeoµle wlo slould
be known us tiue liiends: tle lelµei, tle liiend in botl
103
good times und bud, one wlo gives good counsel, und
one wlo symµutlizes. Tle lelµei is u tiue liiend loi
loui ieusons. He guuids you wlen you uie oll youi
guuid; le guuids youi µioµeity wlen you uie oll youi
guuid; le comloits you wlen you uie uliuid; und wlen
sometling lus to be done, le gives you twice wlut you
iequiie. Tle liiend in botl good times und bud is u tiue
liiend loi loui ieusons. He tells you lis seciets; le keeµs
tle seciets you tell lim; in tiouble le does not loisuke
you; le would even luy down lis lile loi you. Tle liiend
wlo gives good counsel is u tiue liiend loi loui ieusons.
He discouiuges you liom doing wiong, le encouiuges
you to do good, le tells you tlings you luve not leuid,
und le µoints out tle wuy to leuven. Tle liiend wlo
symµutlizes is u tiue liiend loi loui ieusons. He is sud
ut youi misloitunes, le ie}oices ut youi good loitune,
le iestiuins otleis liom sµeuking ill ol you, und le
commends tlose wlo sµeuk well ol you.
A liiend wlo ulwuys lends u lund,
A liiend in botl soiiow und }oy,
A liiend wlo olleis good counsel,
And u liiend wlo symµutlizes too ÷
Tlese uie tle loui kinds ol tiue liiends,
And one wlo is wise, luving undeistood tlis,
Will ulwuys cleiisl und seive sucl liiends,
Just us u motlei tends lei only clild.
104
.":r;
r;;. You slould iecollect beuutilul liiends like
tlis: ¨It is indeed u guin loi me. Indeed, it is good loi
me tlut I luve beuutilul liiends, comµussionute, desii-
ing my welluie, und wlo encouiuge und teucl me.`
.":r«
r;«. Tiuly dungeious uie guins, lonouis und lume.
Conceining tlis, I luve known u mun, ieuding lis mind,
wlo even loi tle suke ol u golden bowl nlled witl sil-
vei nuggets would not delibeiutely tell u lie. Tlut sume
mun luve I seen ut unotlei time telling lies becuuse lis
leuit wus obsessed by guins, lonouis und lume. Tiuly
dungeious uie guins, lonouis und lume.
.":rs
r;s. I do not µiuise wiong beluvioui in eitlei
louseloldei oi lomeleuvei. Il eitlei u louseloldei oi
u lomeleuvei luies ulong wiongly, tlen le is not uc-
comµlisling tle µeilect wuy, tle Dlummu, tle skilled,
us u iesult ol lis wiong beluvioui. Rutlei, I do µiuise
good beluvioui in botl louseloldei und lomeleuvei.
Il eitlei u louseloldei oi u lomeleuvei luies ulong
iigltly, tlen le is uccomµlisling tle µeilect wuy, tle
Dlummu, tle skilled, us u iesult ol lis iiglt beluvioui.
10S
.":ro
r;o. Tle Buddlu is like u skilled µlysiciun in tlut
le is uble to leul tle sickness ol tle denlements. Tle
Dlummu is like u iigltly uµµlied medicine, und tle
Sunglu, witl tleii denlements cuied, uie like µeoµle
iestoied to leultl by tlut medicine.
.":rt
r;t. As u lotus is unsoiled by wutei, even so,
Niivunu is unsoiled by denlements. Tlis is tle one sµe-
ciul quulity ol u lotus tlut is µiesent in Niivunu.
As cool wutei is u meuns ol ulluying levei,
even so, Niivunu, wlicl is cool, is tle meuns ol ulluy-
ing tle levei ol ull tle denlements.
Aguin, us wutei is u meuns ol quencling tle
tliist ol men und beusts wlen tley uie exluusted,
liigltened, tliisty und oveicome by leut, even so is
Niivunu u meuns ol disµelling tle ciuving loi sense
µleusuies und tle ciuving loi moie und continued be-
coming. Tlese uie tle two sµeciul quulities ol wutei
tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
As un untidote is tle sulvution ol beings wlo
uie ulßicted by µoison, even so, Niivunu is tle sulvution
ol beings wlo uie ulßicted by tle denlements. Aguin,
un untidote µuts un end to diseuse; even so, Niivunu
106
µuts un end to ull soiiows. And uguin, un untidote is
lile-giving nectui, even so, Niivunu is u lile-giving nec-
tui. Tlese uie tle tliee sµeciul quulities ol un untidote
tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
As tle gieut oceun is emµty ol coiµses, even so,
Niivunu is emµty ol tle coiµses ol denlements. Aguin,
tle gieut oceun is vust, unbounded und not nlled by ull
tle iiveis tlut ßow into it; even so is Niivunu vust, un-
bounded und not nlled by tle beings wlo uttuin it. And
uguin, tle gieut oceun is tle lome ol gieut cieutuies;
even so, Niivunu is tle lome ol Noble Ones, gieut be-
ings wlo uie stuinless, tleii denlements destioyed,
wlo luve uttuined tle µoweis und become musteis ol
tleii own minds. And nnully, tle gieut oceun is blos-
soming witl countless, vuiious und ubundunt coiuls;
even so is Niivunu blossoming witl countless, vuiious,
ubundunt und quite µuie coiuls ol knowledge und liee-
dom. Tlese uie tle loui sµeciul quulities ol tle gieut
oceun tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
As lood is tle sustuinei ol tle lilesµun ol ull
beings, even so, Niivunu, wlen it is ieulized, is tle sus-
tuinei ol tle lilesµun by diiving out old uge und dying.
Aguin, lood is tle givei ol tle stiengtl ol tle µsyclic
µoweis in ull beings; it is tle µioducei ol beuuty in ull
beings. Even so, Niivunu, wlen ieulized, is tle µio-
ducei ol sµeciul quulities in ull beings. And uguin, lood
is tle culmei ol distiess in ull beings; even so, Niivunu,
107
wlen ieulized, is tle culmei ol tle distiess ol tle de-
nlements in ull beings. And nnully, lood is tle iemovei
ol tle weukness ol exluustion in ull beings; even so,
Niivunu, wlen ieulized, is tle iemovei ol ull tle weuk-
ness ol exluustion in ull beings due to soiiow. Tlese
uie tle nve sµeciul quulities ol lood tlut uie µiesent in
Niivunu.
As sµuce is not boin, does not uge oi die, does
not ceuse leie oi uiise tleie, is luid to denne, cunnot
be stolen by tlieves, is suµµoited by notling, is tle
ieulm ol biids, witlout obstiuction und unending ÷
even so, Niivunu is not boin, does not uge oi die, does
not ceuse leie oi uiise tleie, is luid to denne, cunnot
be stolen by tlieves, is suµµoited by notling, is tle
ieulm ol tle Noble Ones, witlout obstiuction und un-
ending. Tlese uie tle eleven sµeciul quulities ol sµuce
tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
As u µiecious gem is tle giuntei ol desiies,
even so is Niivunu tle giuntei ol desiies. As u µiecious
gem gives deliglt, even so does Niivunu give deliglt.
As u µiecious gem is iicl in lustie, even so is Niivunu.
Tlese uie tle tliee sµeciul quulities ol u µiecious gem
tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
As ied sundulwood is luid to obtuin, even
so, Niivunu is luid to obtuin. Aguin, ied sundulwood
is unequulled loi its lovely µeilume; even so is Nii-
vunu unequulled loi its lovely µeilume. Yet uguin, ied
108
sundulwood is µiuised by good men; even so is Niivunu
µiuised by tle Noble Ones. Tlese uie tle tliee sµe-
ciul quulities ol ied sundulwood tlut uie µiesent in
Niivunu.
As tle skimming ol glee lus u beuutilul coloui,
even so, Niivunu lus tle coloui ol sµeciul quulities. Tle
skimming ol glee lus u sweet smell; even so, Niivunu
lus tle sweet smell ol viitue. Aguin, tle skimming ol
glee is ßuvouilul; even so, Niivunu is ßuvouilul. Tlese
uie tle tliee sµeciul quulities ol tle skimming ol glee
tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
As u mountuin µeuk is lolty, even so, Niivunu
is lolty; us u mountuin µeuk is unslukuble, even so is
Niivunu unslukuble; us u mountuin µeuk is dilncult to
climb, even so is Niivunu dilncult loi tle denlements
to climb. And uguin, us no seed cun tuke ioot on u
mountuin µeuk, even so, no denlement cun tuke ioot in
Niivunu. Finully, us u mountuin µeuk lus neitlei like
noi dislike, even so, Niivunu lus neitlei like noi dis-
like. Tlese uie tle nve sµeciul quulities ol u mountuin
µeuk tlut uie µiesent in Niivunu.
.":rö
r;ö. ¨It is like u len witl eiglt, ten oi u dozen
eggs wlicl sle lus sut on µioµeily, wuimed µioµeily
109
und lutcled µioµeily. Is tle click wlicl nist µieices
tliougl tle slell witl cluw und beuk und sulely
emeiges culled tle eldest click oi tle youngest?`
¨Being tle nist, Loid, le is culled tle eldest.`
¨Even so, luving µieiced tliougl tle slell ol
ignoiunce loi tle suke ol beings living in ignoiunce,
egg boin, enclosed, I um tle lust in tle woild, utteily
enligltened witl tle unsuiµussed enligltenment. I um
tle eldest in tle woild, tle liglest.`
.":r0
r;0. One wlo is viituous, µossessed ol viitue, is
like un untidote loi destioying tle µoison ol denle-
ments in beings; le is like u leuling bulm loi ulluying
tle sickness ol denlements in beings; le is like µie-
cious gems loi giving beings ull tley wisl; le is like u
sliµ loi beings to go beyond tle loui ßoods; le is like
u cuiuvun leudei loi tuking beings ucioss tle deseit ol
biitls; le is like tle wind loi extinguisling tle tliee
neice nies in beings; le is like u gieut iuin cloud loi
nlling beings witl good tlouglts; le is like u teuclei
loi muking beings tiuin tlemselves in wlut is skilled;
le is like u good guide loi µointing out to beings tle
µutl to secuiity.
110
."::o
r«o. Vucclugottu suid to tle Loid: ¨I luve leuid it
suid tlut you, good Gotumu, suy tlut cluiity slould only
be given to you, not to otleis, to youi lolloweis, not to
tle lolloweis ol otlei teucleis. Tlose wlo suy tlis, uie
tley ieµiesenting youi oµinion witlout distoiting it?
Do tley sµeuk uccoiding to youi teucling? Foi indeed,
good Gotumu, I um unxious not to misieµiesent you.`
Tle Loid suid: ¨Vucclu, tlose wlo suy tlis
uie not ol my oµinion, tley misieµiesent me by suying
wlut is not tiue. Tiuly, wloevei discouiuges unotlei
liom giving cluiity lindeis in tliee wuys. Wlut tliee?
He lindeis tle givei liom ucquiiing good, le lindeis
tle ieceivei liom getting tle cluiity, und le lus ul-
ieudy iuined limsell tliougl lis meunness.`
."::r
r«r. Il you obseive tle tiees oi tle giuss,
Witlout knowing it, tley exlibit dilleient tyµes
und kinds.
Tleie uie muny dilleient sµecies.
Tlen obseive beetles und motls oi smull
insects like unts;
Tley exlibit dilleient tyµes und kinds.
Tleie uie muny dilleient sµecies.
111
And in tle loui-looted cieutuies, botl gieut und
smull,
Tley exlibit dilleient tyµes und kinds.
Tleie uie muny dilleient sµecies.
Obseive cieutuies tlut ciuwl on tleii bellies,
snukes und ieµtiles,
Tley exlibit dilleient tyµes und kinds.
Tleie uie muny dilleient sµecies.
Obseive nsl und tlose tlut luve tle wutei us
tleii lome;
Tley exlibit dilleient tyµes und kinds.
Tleie uie muny dilleient sµecies.
Obseive biids on tle wing, tlose tlut tiuvel
tliougl tle sky.
Tley too exlibit dilleient tyµes und kinds.
Tleie uie muny dilleient sµecies.
In tlese cieutuies tyµes und kinds cun be seen;
In lumuns no sucl tyµes oi kinds cun be seen.
Not in luii oi leud, not in euis oi eyes,
Not in moutl oi nose, liµs oi eyebiows
Is tleie uny gieut dilleience.
Not in neck oi slouldei, not in ubdomen oi clest,
Not in genituls is tleie uny gieut dilleience.
112
Not in lunds oi leet, not in nngeis oi nuils,
Not in culves, tligls oi comµlexion
Aie tleie dilleient tyµes oi kinds us tleie uie
witl otlei cieutuies.
Humun tyµes do not dillei gieutly us otlei
sµecies do.
Tle dilleiences between lumuns uie only
dilleiences ol convention.
.":::
r«:. Tle king usked: ¨Veneiuble Nugusenu, wlicl
is gieutei, good oi bud?`
¨Good is gieutei, Siie; bud is only smull.`
¨In wlut wuy?`
¨Siie, someone ucting budly is iemoiselul, suy-
ing: 'An evil deed wus done by me,' und tlus evil does
not incieuse. But someone doing good is not iemoise-
lul. Becuuse ol lieedom liom iemoise, gludness uiises,
liom gludness comes }oy, becuuse ol }oy tle body is
tiunquil, witl tiunquil body one is luµµy, und tle
mind ol one wlo is luµµy is concentiuted. One wlo is
concentiuted sees tlings us tley ieully uie, und in tlis
wuy good incieuses.`
113
."::;
r«;. Tle Loid wus once stuying neui Vesuli, ut tle
Gubled Hull in tle gieut loiest. And ut tlut time, tle
Biulmin Kuiunuµulin built u building loi tle Liccluvis.
And Kuiunuµulin suw tle Biulmin Pingiyunin coming
in tle distunce, und us le uµµioucled, le suid: ¨Piuy,
now, liom wleie comes youi lonoui Pingiyunin so
euily in tle duy?` ¨I come liom tle µiesence ol tle iec-
luse Gotumu.`
¨Well, wlut do you tlink ol tle iecluse Gotumu's
cluiity ol wisdom? Do you tlink le is u wise mun?`
¨But wlut um I comµuied to lim, und wlo um
I to }udge lis cluiity? Is it not only one like lim wlo
could }udge tle iecluse Gotumu's cluiity ol wisdom?`
¨Higl indeed is tle µiuise tlut youi lonoui
gives tle iecluse Gotumu.`
¨But wlut um I comµuied to lim, und wlo
um I to µiuise tle iecluse Gotumu? Tiuly µiuised by
tle µiuised is tle iecluse Gotumu. He is tle liglest
umongst gods und men.`
¨But wlut good do you see in lim tlut you
luve sucl luitl in lim?`
¨Just us wlen u mun is comµletely sutisned
witl some delicious ßuvoui, und longs not loi otlei
ßuvouis tlut uie µooi ÷ even so, wlen one leuis
tle good Gotumu's Dlummu in ull its µuits, one longs
114
not loi tle tulk ol otleis, tle ciowd, otlei iecluses oi
Biulmins.
¨Just us u mun oveicome by lungei und weuk-
ness muy come ucioss u loney cuke, und wlenevei le
tustes it, le en}oys tle sweet, delicious ßuvoui ÷ even
so, wlen one leuis tle good Gotumu's Dlummu in ull its
µuits, one exµeiiences sweetness und seienity ol mind.
¨Just us u mun muy come ucioss u stick ol yel-
low oi ied sundulwood, und wleievei le smells it, ut
tle ioot, in tle middle oi ut tle toµ, le comes ucioss un
exceedingly luii, delicious liugiunce ÷ even so, wlen
one leuis tle good Gotumu's Dlummu in ull its µuits,
ull giiel, soiiow, sulleiing, lumentution und desµuii
}ust vunisl uwuy.
¨Just us u mun toituied by leut, by leut ovei-
sµent, weuiied, ciuving und tliisty, miglt come to u
µool ol cleui, sweet, cool, limµid wutei, u lovely iesting
µluce, und miglt µlunge in, butle, diink und ulluy ull
woe, lutigue und lietting ÷ even so, wlen one leuis
tle good Gotumu's Dlummu in ull
-
its µuits, ull woe,
lutigue und lietting is wlolly ulluyed.`
Wlen le lud suid tlis, tle Biulmin Kuiunu-
µulin uiose liom lis seut, uiiunged lis uµµei iobe
on lis slouldei, set lis iiglt knee on tle giound und
bending loitl lis outstietcled lunds towuids wleie
tle Loid wus, suid tliee times: ¨Homuge to tle Loid,
tle Noble One, tle lully enligltened Buddlu.`
11S
¨Wondeilul it is, Pingiyunin, tiuly wondei-
lul. Just us il one lud set uµiiglt u tling toµµled ovei,
ieveuled sometling coveied, slowed u blind mun tle
wuy, biouglt u lumµ into tle duik so tlut tlose witl
eyes could see ÷ in tle sume wuy, you luve illumi-
nuted tlis Dlummu in muny u wuy. I too will go to
tle good Gotumu, tle Dlummu und tle Sunglu us my
ieluge. Look uµon me us u luy disciµle gone loi ieluge
liom now until us long us lile lusts.`
."::«
r««. Tleie is one tling wlicl, il µiuctised und de-
veloµed conduces to letting go, giving uµ, stilling, culm-
ing, liglei knowledge, uwukening und to Niivunu. And
wlut is tlut one tling? It is tle iecollection ol µeuce.
."::s
r«s. Tle Biulmin Sunguiuvu suid to tle Loid:
¨Good Gotumu, we Biulmins µeiloim tle suciince und
encouiuge otleis to do so. Wloevei does tlis cieutes
gieut good tlut ullects muny µeoµle. But le wlo goes
loitl liom lome into lomeless lile lelµs only lim-
sell, culms only limsell, leuds only limsell to Niivunu.
Sucl u µeison is, I suy, µiuctising sometling tlut cie-
utes good loi limsell only.`
116
And tle Loid suid: ¨Well, Biulmin, I will
usk you u question; unswei us you tlink nt. Let us
suy u Tutlugutu uiises in tle woild, u Noble One, u
lully enligltened Buddlu, witl µeilect knowledge und
conduct, luµµily uttuined, u knowei ol tle woilds, u
guide unsuiµussed loi men to be tumed, u teuclei ol
gods und men, u Buddlu, tle Loid. And tlen le suys:
'Come! By my own µoweis ol ieulizution I luve come
to gieut luµµiness us u iesult ol tlis µiuctice, tlis wuy.
Come you ulso! By youi own µoweis ol ieulizution you
too will come to gieut luµµiness us u iesult ol tlis µiuc-
tice, tlis wuy.' Tlus tlis teuclei teucles Dlummu to
muny lundieds, muny tlousunds, muny lundieds ol
tlousunds ol sucl µeoµle. Now Biulmin, since tlis is
so, is tlis going loitl into tle lomeless lile u µiuctice
tlut benents only one µeison oi muny µeoµle?`
¨Good Gotumu, it is u µiuctice tlut benents
muny µeoµle.`
."::o
r«o. A god suid to tle Loid: ¨Tlese six tlings do
not leud to one's decline. Wlut six? Reveience loi tle
Teuclei, tle Dlummu, tle Sunglu, loi tle tiuining, loi
euinestness und loi love.`
Lutei, tle Loid ieµeuted to tle monks wlut
tle god lud suid, und udded:
117
Deeµ ieveience loi tle Teuclei,
Tle Dlummu und tle Sunglu.
Witl euinestness und love,
A monk like tlis will not luil;
He is neui Niivunu.
."::t
r«t. Il u mun sulleiing liom u diseuse
Does not seek tieutment
Even wlen tleie is u µlysiciun ut lund,
It is not tle luult ol tle µlysiciun.
In tle sume wuy, il one is oµµiessed
And toimented by tle diseuse ol tle denlements
But does not seek lelµ liom tle Teuclei,
Tlut is not tle Teuclei's luult.
."::ö
r«ö. It is wondeilul, tiuly muivellous, low seiene
tle good Gotumu's µiesence is, low cleui und iudi-
unt lis comµlexion is. Just us u yellow }u}ube liuit in
uutumn is cleui und iudiunt, }ust us u µulm tiee liuit
}ust seµuiuted liom tle stulk is cleui und iudiunt, so
too is tle good Gotumu's comµlexion. Just us u tiinket
ol ied gold, wiouglt in u ciucible by u clevei goldsmitl,
deltly beuten und luid on u yellow clotl slines und glit-
118
teis ÷ so too tle good Gotumu's senses uie culmed und
lis comµlexion is cleui und iudiunt.
."::0
r«0. Imugine u µool ol tuibid, stiiied uµ und mud-
died wutei. Tlen, u mun witl vision miglt stund uµon
tle bunk. He could not see tle oysteis, tle slells, tle
µebbles und giuvel on tle bottom oi tle nsl moµing
ubout. And wly? Becuuse ol tle tuibid stute ol tle wutei.
In tle sume wuy, it is imµossible loi one witl u tuibid
mind to undeistund eitlei lis own benent oi tle benent
ol otleis, oi to ieulize liglei stutes. And wly? Becuuse
ol tle tuibid stute ol tle mind. Now, imugine u µool ol
cleui, tiunquil und unstiiied wutei. A mun witl vision
miglt stund on tle bunk; He could see tle oysteis, tle
slells, tle µebbles und giuvel on tle bottom, und tle
nsl tlut move ubout. And wly? Becuuse ol tle untiou-
bled stute ol tle wutei. In tle sume wuy, it is µossible loi
one witl u tiunquil mind to undeistund lis own benent
und tle benent ol otleis, und to ieulize liglei stutes.
And wly? Becuuse ol tle untioubled stute ol lis mind.
.":;o
rso. Tlose loi wlom you luve symµutly, tlose
witl wlom you communicute ÷ youi liiends, inti-
119
mutes, kinsmen und ielutions ÷ ull slould be told
ubout, giounded in, estublisled in tle Foui Limbs ol
Stieum-Winning. Wlut loui? Fuitl in tle Buddlu, luitl
in tle Dlummu, luitl in tle Sunglu, und viitue tlut is
deui to tle Noble Ones und conducive to concentiution
ol mind.
.":;r
rsr. At tlut time, tle Biuulmin Sunduiiku
Bluiudvu}u wus sitting not lui liom tle Loid und le
suid: ¨Does tle good Gotumu go down to butle in tle
Buluku Rivei?`
¨Wlut is tleie in tle Buluku Rivei? Ol wlut
vulue is tle Buluku Rivei?`
¨But, good Gotumu, muny µeoµle believe tlut
tley cun be µuiined in tle Buluku Rivei. Tley wusl
uwuy tleii evil deeds in it.`
Tlen tle Loid suid:
In tle Buluku und ut Adlikukku,
At Guyu und in tle Sunduiiku,
In tle Suiussuti und ut Puyugu
Oi in tle iivei Bulumuti,
Tle lool, tlougl le entei constuntly,
Cunnot wusl uwuy lis evil deeds.
120
Wlut cun tlese iiveis do?
Tley cunnot µuiily tle bud µeison
Oi one wlo is intent on evil.
Foi tle good µeison, eveiy duy is sµeciul.
Foi tle good µeison, eveiy duy is loly.
Tle good µiuctise good eveiy duy.
Butle in tlut, µiotect ull beings.
Il you sµeuk no lie, do no luim,
Steul not, il you believe und uie geneious,
Wlut cun be tle good ol going to Guyu?
Guyu is tle sume us youi well ut lome.
o
121
,
one
+6/&r
rs:. And wlut else slould be done? You slould
tlink: ¨Oui bodily conduct must be µeilectly µuie,
cleui, oµen, witlout delect und contiolled. But not
becuuse ol oui being µuie will we exult ouiselves oi
disµuiuge otleis.` Tlis is low you slould tiuin youi-
selves.
+6/&:
rs;. Wlut uie tle eiglt bucking men und tleii
eiglt luults? Conceining tlis, wlen one is ieµioved by
one ol lis lellows, le µleuds loigetlulness, suying: ¨I
don't iemembei, I don't iemembei.` Just us u bucking
loise, wlen lit und uiged on by lis diivei, bucks und
twists tle cuiiiuge iound witl lis lindquuiteis ÷ like
tlut, I suy, is tlis µeison.
Oi, on being ieµioved by lis lellows, le bluits
out ut lis ieµiovei: ¨Wlut iiglt luve you to sµeuk?
Wly do you tlink you slould sµeuk?` Just us u bucking
loise }umµs buck und butteis tle cuiiiuge iuiling und
bieuks tle tiiµle bui ÷ like tlut, I suy, is tlis µeison.
122
Oi, on being ieµioved by lis lellows, le
ietoits: ¨Well, you ulso luve done sucl tlings. Fix
youisell nist!` Just us u bucking loise looses lis lind-
quuiteis liom tle µole und tiumµles on it ÷ like tlut, I
suy, is tlis µeison.
Aguin, wlen one is ieµioved by one ol lis lel-
lows, le evudes tle question, tuins tle issue uside und
slows temµei, ungei und sulkiness. Just us u bucking
loise tukes tle wiong ioud und mukes tle cuiiiuge
swuy ÷ like tlut, I suy, is tlis µeison.
Oi uguin, on being ieµioved, le sµeuks to tle
ussembly witl mucl gesticulution. Just us u bucking
loise ieuis ligl und stiikes out witl lis looves ÷ like
tlis, I suy, is tlis µeison.
Yet uguin, on being ieµioved, le disieguids
tle ussembly und tle ieµiovei und continues to ollend
}ust us beloie. Just us u bucking loise tukes no notice
ol lis diivei oi tle wliµ und µulls lis bit ÷ like tlis, I
suy, is tlis µeison.
Once uguin, on being ieµioved, le suys: ¨I um
neitlei guilty, noi do I cuie,` und le unnoys tle ussem-
bly by lis silence. Just us u bucking loise, wlen uiged
on, goes neitlei buck noi loiwuid, but stunds still like
u µost ÷ like tlis, I suy, is tlis µeison.
And nnully, wlen one is ieµioved by one ol
lis lellows; le suys: ¨Siis, wly slould you woiiy so
mucl ubout me? I will give uµ tle tiuining und ietuin
123
to tle oidinuiy lile. I loµe you uie sutisned.` Just like
u bucking loise, wlen wliµµed und uiged loiwuid by
tle diivei, diuws lis legs togetlei und }ust sits down
÷ like tlis, I suy, is tlis µeison.
+6/&;
rs«. Wlutevei monk µossesses viitue, concentiu-
tion, vision, lieedom tliougl knowledge und vision
÷ }ust to see sucl u one biings mucl good; }ust to leui
ubout sucl u one biings mucl good. To visit lim, to sit
beside lim, to iemembei wlut le suys, und to lollow
lim in going loitl in tle loly lile biings mucl good.
+6/&«
rss. Tle Biulmin Aiumudundu suid: ¨Wlut is tle
cuuse, Mustei Kuccunu, wlut is tle ieuson wly nobles,
Biulmins und louseloldeis ull quuiiel witl eucl otlei?`
¨Tley do so becuuse ol tleii bonduge und sei-
vitude to sensuul µleusuies, tleii uttuclment to und
gieed loi sensuul µleusuies.` ¨Wlut is tle cuuse, Mus-
tei Kuccunu, wlut is tle ieuson wly iecluses quuiiel
witl iecluses?`
¨Tley do so becuuse ol tleii bonduge und sei-
vitude to oµinions, tleii uttuclment to und gieed loi
oµinions.`
124
+6/&s
rso. Witl loui tlings women win µowei in tlis
woild, tlis woild is in tleii giusµ. Wlut loui? Concein-
ing tlis, u womun is cuµuble ut lei woik, sle munuges
tle seivunts µioµeily, sle is loved by lei lusbund und
sle guuids lis weultl.
And low is u womun cuµuble ut lei woik?
Wlutevei lei lusbund's lome industiies, wletlei in
wool oi cotton, sle is delt und tiieless, gilted witl un
inquiiing tuin ol mind into wuys und meuns und uble
to uiiunge und cuiiy out tle }ob.
And low does sle munuge tle seivunts µioµ-
eily? Wletlei tleie be seivunts, messengeis oi woik-
eis in lei lusbund's louselold, sle knows tle woik ol
eucl und wlut lus been done, sle knows wlut lus not
been done, sle knows tle stiengtls und weuknesses
ol tle sick, sle divides tle lood, botl luid und solt,
uccoiding to tleii sluie.
And low is sle loved by lei lusbund? Wlut-
evei lei lusbund consideis unlovely, sle would nevei
do, not even to suve lei lile.
And low does sle guuid lei lusbund's weultl?
Wlutevei money, giuin, silvei oi gold le biings lome,
sle secuies, wutcles und guuids; nevei does sle steul,
misuse oi wuste it.
12S
+6/&o
rst. Il, in un uigument, tle ollendei und tle ie-
µiovei do not µiuctise stiict sell-exuminution, you cun
exµect tlut it will leud to diuwn out, bittei, contentious
stiile, und no one will be uble to live in µeuce. And low
slould tle two µuities µiuctise stiict sell-exuminution?
Tle ollendei slould ießect: ¨I luve committed some
wiong und tlut otlei µeison suw me. Wlen le suw,
le got unnoyed und suid so. He iebuked me und I got
unnoyed und went und told tle otleis. So, it is I wlo
um ut luult.` And low does tle ieµiovei µiuctise stiict
sell-exuminution? Tle ieµiovei slould ießect: ¨Tlis
µeison lus committed some wiong und I suw lim. Hud
le not done it, I would not luve seen it, but us le did it,
I suw it. Wlen I suw, I wus disµleused und I told lim so.
He got unnoyed und told tle otleis. So it is I wlo um ut
luult.` So it is, tlut il in un uigument tle ollendei und
tle ieµiovei botl µiuctise stiict sell-exuminution, you
cun exµect tlut ull will be uble to live in µeuce.
+6/&t
rsö. Tlese loui wlo uie uccomµlisled in wisdom, dis-
ciµlined, conndent, deeµly leuined, Dlummu beuieis
wlo live in uccoidunce witl Dlummu ÷ tlese loui
126
illuminute tle Sunglu. Wlicl loui? A monk, u nun, u
luymun und u luywomun.
Wloevei is wise und lull ol luitl, deeµly leuined,
Holding lust to Dlummu und living uccoiding to it ÷
¨Liglt ol tle Sunglu` tley uie culled.
Tle monk well-µossessed ol viitue,
Tle nun wlo is widely leuined,
Mule und lemule disciµles lully endowed witl luitl ÷
It is tley wlo illuminute tle Sunglu.
¨Liglt ol tle Sunglu` tley uie culled.
+6/&ö
rs0. Mulunkyuµuttu suid to tle Loid: ¨Sii, us I
wus medituting, tlis tlouglt enteied my mind: 'Tlese
sµeculutive views ubout wletlei tle woild is innnite
oi wletlei tle woild is nnite, wletlei it is botl inn-
nite und nnite, wletlei it is neitlei innnite noi nnite;
tlese sµeculutive views ubout wletlei tle soul is tle
sume us tle body oi dilleient liom it; tlese sµeculutive
views ubout wletlei tle Tutlugutu exists ultei deutl
oi wletlei le ceuses to exist, oi wletlei le botl ex-
ists und does not exist, oi wletlei le neitlei exists
noi does not exist ÷ tlese views uie not exµluined by
tle Loid, tley uie set uside, ignoied.' Sii, il you do not
127
exµluin tlese views loi me, I will leuve tlis tiuining. Il
you know tle unsweis to tlese questions, you slould
exµluin tlem to me. And il you don't, tlen it would be
lonest to suy so.`
¨But Mulunkyuµuttu, did I evei suy to you:
'Come, be my disciµle, und I will unswei ull tlese ques-
tions loi you'?`
¨No, sii.`
¨Tlen, did you evei suy to me: 'I will become
youi disciµle only il you unswei ull tlese questions'?`
¨No, sii.`
¨So, wlo uie you und wlut is youi comµluint,
you loolisl mun? Il one weie to suy tlut tley would
not become my disciµle until ull tlese views lud been
exµluined, le miglt be deud beloie it could be done.
It is us il u mun lud been slot by u µoisoned uiiow
und lis liiends miglt get u doctoi to lelµ lim. And le
miglt suy: 'Wuit! I do not wunt tle uiiow iemoved un-
til I know tle nume ol tle mun wlo slot it, wlut custe
le is, wletlei le is sloit oi tull, lut oi tlin. I do not
wunt tle uiiow iemoved until I know wletlei tle bow
tlut slot tle uiiow wus u sµiing bow, u ciossbow oi u
longbow. I do not wunt tle uiiow iemoved until I know
wletlei it wus mude liom ieed, wood oi bumboo, oi
wletlei tle leud ol tle uiiow wus u cull-tootl leud,
un oidinuiy leud, u }ugged leud oi un iion leud.' Long
beloie ull tlese questions could be unsweied, tlut mun
128
would be deud. In tle sume wuy, il someone weie to
suy tlut tley would not become my disciµle until ull
tlese questions ubout wletlei tle woild is innnite oi
not weie unsweied, tley miglt be deud beloie it could
be done.
¨Living tle loly lile could not be suid to de-
µend uµon wletlei tle woild is innnite oi not, wletl-
ei it is botl innnite und nnite, wletlei it is neitlei
innnite noi nnite. Living tle loly lile could not be
suid to deµend uµon wletlei tle soul is tle sume us
tle body oi dilleient liom it, und so on. Wletlei tle
woild is innnite oi not, tleie is biitl, tleie is uging,
tleie is dying, tleie is giiel, soiiow, sulleiing, lumen-
tution und desµuii, und it is loi tle ending ol tlis tlut
I teucl. Tleieloie, undeistund us not exµluined wlut
lus not been exµluined by me, und undeistund us ex-
µluined wlut lus been exµluined by me. And wlut lus
not been exµluined by me? All tlese sµeculutive views
tlut you usk ubout. And wly? Becuuse it is not con-
nected witl tle goul, it is not lundumentul to tle loly
lile, it does not conduce to letting go, giving uµ, stilling,
culming, liglei knowledge, uwukening, oi to Niivunu.
And wlut lus been exµluined by me? Tle Foui Noble
Tiutls. And wly? Becuuse it is connected witl tle goul,
it is lundumentul to tle loly lile, it does conduce to let-
ting go, giving uµ, stilling, culming, liglei knowledge,
uwukening, und to Niivunu.`
129
+6/&0
roo. Veneiuble Sublüti und u believing monk cume
to tle Loid, sut down, und tle Loid suid to Sublüti:
¨Wlo, Sublüti, is tlis monk witl you?`
¨Sii, le is u believei, tle son ol u believing dis-
ciµle; le went loitl liom u believei's lome.`
¨But, Sublüti, does le luve tle tiuditionul
cluiucteiistics ol u believei?`
¨Now is tle time, Loid, to tell me tle tiudi-
tionul cluiucteiistics ol u believei, tlen I will know
wletlei oi not tlis monk lus tlem.`
¨Tlen, listen cuielully und I will sµeuk. Con-
ceining tlis, u monk is viituous, le lives iestiuined by
tle iules ol tiuining, le is well-equiµµed witl µiuctice,
seeing dungei in tle sligltest luult, und le lollows tle
µieceµts und uµµlies limsell to tlem. Fuitleimoie, le
lus leuid mucl, le leuins it in mind und iemembeis
wlut le lus leuid. Tlose teuclings tlut uie beuutilul
in tle beginning, beuutilul in tle middle und beuuti-
lul in tle end, in botl tle lettei und tle sµiiit, luying
down tle loly lile in ull its µeilection und µuiity ÷
tlose teuclings le listens to mucl, iemembeis, iecites,
µondeis ovei und µenetiutes witl wisdom.
¨Aguin, le lus liiendsliµ witl tle beuutilul,
lellowsliµ witl tle beuutilul, comµunionsliµ witl tle
beuutilul.
130
¨Aguin, le is µleusunt to sµeuk to, endowed witl
tle quulities tlut muke it eusy to sµeuk to; le is µutient
und clevei ut giusµing tle meuning ol instiuctions.
¨Yet uguin, in ull deulings witl lis lellows in tle
loly lile, gieut oi smull, le is clevei und eneigetic, µos-
sessing tle ubility to give µioµei consideiution to tlem,
knowing wlut is tle iiglt tling und low to do it.
¨Yet uguin, le deliglts in Dlummu, le ie}oices
gieutly in liglei Dlummu und liglei disciµline, und is
µleusunt to sµeuk witl ubout it.
¨Yet uguin, le lus iesolute eneigy loi ubundon-
ing bud quulities, le is stout und stiong in ucquiiing good
quulities, not sliiking tle buiden ol good quulities.
¨Yet uguin, le cun uttuin eusily und witlout
dilnculty tle loui }lunus wlicl uie ol tle cleuiest con-
sciousness und uie connected witl luµµiness leie und
now.
¨Yet uguin, le cun iecull lis loimei lives ÷ one,
two, nve, ten, u lundied, u lundied tlousund.
¨Yet uguin, witl god-like vision, µuiined und
suiµussing tlut ol oidinuiy men, le cun see tle iising
und µussing uwuy ol beings.
¨And nnully, by tle destiuction ol tle denle-
ments, in tlis veiy lile und by lis own comµielension,
le uttuins lieedom ol mind, lieedom tliougl wisdom
und ubides in it. Tlese, Sublüti, uie tle tiuditionul
cluiucteiistics ol u believei.`
131
+6/&ro
ror. Tle wundeiei Sumundukuni usked Veneiuble
Suiiµuttu: ¨Piuy, youi ieveience, wlut is good und
wlut is bud?`
¨Youi ieveience, iebiitl is bud und tle ceusing
ol iebiitl is good. Wleie tleie is iebiitl tlis bud muy
be seen: cold und leut, lungei und tliist, delecution
und uiinution, contuct witl nie, iod und sµeui, even
one's own ielutives und liiends ubuse one wlen tley
congiegute togetlei. But wlen tleie is tle ceusing ol
iebiitl tlis good muy be seen: no cold oi leut, no lun-
gei und tliist, no delecution und uiinution, no contuct
witl nie, iod und sµeui und no ubuse liom one's ielu-
tives und liiends wlen tley congiegute togetlei.`
+6/&rr
ro:. Tleie uie tlese loui µeilect elloits. Wlut
loui? Conceining tlis, one geneiutes desiie to µievent
tle uiising ol evil unµiontuble stutes tlut luve not yet
uiisen. One mukes un elloit, sets going eneigy, luys
lold ol und exeits tle mind to tlis end. One geneiutes
desiie loi tle ubundoning ol evil unµiontuble stutes
tlut luve ulieudy uiisen. One mukes un elloit, sets go-
ing eneigy, luys lold ol und exeits tle mind to tlis end.
One geneiutes desiie loi tle uiising ol µiontuble stutes
132
tlut luve not yet uiisen. One mukes un elloit, sets go-
ing eneigy, luys lold ol und exeits tle mind to tlis
end. And one geneiutes desiie loi tle µeisisting, tle
non-conlusion, tle luitlei develoµment, tle incieuse,
cultivution und lulnlment ol µiontuble stutes tlut luve
ulieudy uiisen. One mukes un elloit, sets going eneigy,
luys lold ol und exeits tle mind to tlis end.
+6/&r:
ro;. Abundon wiong. It cun be done. Il it weie
imµossible to do, I would not uige you to do so. But
since it cun be done, I suy to you: ¨Abundon wiong.` Il
ubundoning wiong biouglt loss und soiiow, I would
not uige you to do so. But since it conduces to benent
und luµµiness, I uige you: ¨Abundon wiong.` Cultivute
tle good. It cun be done. Il it weie imµossible to do, I
would not uige you to do so. But since it cun be done, I
suy to you: ¨Cultivute tle good.` Il cultivuting tle good
biouglt loss und soiiow, I would not uige you to do so.
But since it conduces to benent und luµµiness, I uige
you: ¨Cultivute good.`
+6/&r;
ro«. A teuclei slould look uµon lis µuµil us u son.
A µuµil slould look uµon lis teuclei us u lutlei. Tlus,
133
tlese two, united by mutuul ieveience und deleience
und living in communion togetlei will uclieve incieuse,
giowtl und µiogiess in tlis Dlummu und disciµline.
+6/&r«
ros. One wlose luitl in tle Tutlugutu is settled,
nxed, estublisled, nim, unsluken by uny iecluse oi
Biulmin, uny god, Muiu, Biulmu oi unyone in tle woild
cun tiuly suy: ¨I um tle tiue clild ol tle Loid, boin ol
lis moutl, boin ol Dlummu, cieuted by Dlummu, un
leii ol Dlummu.`
+6/&rs
roo. Tle Loid suid: ¨Woids tlut luve loui quulities
uie well-sµoken, not ill-sµoken, luultless, not blumed
by tle wise. Wlut loui? Conceining tlis, one sµeuks
woids tlut uie beuutilul, not ugly; one sµeuks woids
tlut uie iiglt, not wiong; one sµeuks woids tlut uie
kind, not ciuel; one sµeuks woids tlut uie tiutllul, not
lulse.`
Tle viituous cull beuutilul sµeecl tle
loiemost,
Secondly comes iiglt sµeecl, not wiong,
Tliidly come kind woids, not ciuel,
And louitlly comes tiutllul, not lulse sµeecl.
134
Tlen Veneiuble Vungisu moved liom lis seut, µut lis
iobe on one slouldei, }oined lis lunds und suid: ¨Some-
tling occuis to me, Loid.` Tlen Veneiuble Vungisu
sµoke tlese woids in µiuise ol tle Loid:
One slould uttei only woids
Wlicl do no luim loi onesell
Oi cuuse luim to otleis,
Tlut is tiuly beuutilul sµeecl.
Sµeuk kind woids,
Woids ie}oiced ut und welcomed,
Woids tlut beui ill-will to none;
Alwuys sµeuk kindly to otleis.
Tiutllul sµeecl is ol tle Immoitul.
Tlis is un eteinul luw.
Tle viituous stund nim on woids
Tlut uie tiutllul, uselul und iiglt.
Tle Buddlu sµeuks woids tlut leud
To tle winning ol secuiity,
Tle ending ol soiiow, und tle uttuining ol
Niivunu.
Tiuly, tlis is tle sµeecl suµieme.
13S
+6/&ro
rot. Il unyone weie to suy tlut }ust us u µeison
does u deed, so is lis exµeiience deteimined by it, und
il tlis weie tiue, tlen living tle loly lile would not be
µossible ÷ tleie would be no oµµoitunity loi tle ovei-
coming ol sulleiing. But il unyone weie to suy tlut il u
µeison does u deed tlut is to be exµeiienced, so does
le exµeiience it, tlen living tle loly lile would be µos-
sible ÷ tleie would be un oµµoitunity loi tle destiuc-
tion ol sulleiing. Foi instunce, u smull evil deed done
by one µeison muy be exµeiienced leie in tlis lile oi
µeiluµs not ut ull. Now, wlut soit ol µeison commits
u smull evil tlut tukes lim to lell? Tuke u µeison wlo
is cuieless in develoµment ol body, sµeecl und mind.
He lus not develoµed wisdom, le is insignincunt, le
lus not develoµed limsell, lis lile is iestiicted, und le
is miseiuble. Even u smull evil deed muy biing sucl u
µeison to lell. Now, tuke tle µeison wlo is cuielul in
develoµment ol body, sµeecl und mind. He lus devel-
oµed wisdom, le is not insignincunt, le lus develoµed
limsell, lis lile is uniestiicted und le is immeusuiuble.
Foi sucl u µeison, u smull evil deed muy be exµeii-
enced leie oi µeiluµs not ut ull. Suµµose u mun tliows
u giuin ol sult into u little cuµ ol wutei. Tlut wutei
would be undiinkuble. And wly? Becuuse tle cuµ ol
wutei is smull. Now, suµµose u mun tliows u giuin ol
136
sult into tle Rivei Gunges. Tlut wutei would not be
undiinkuble. And wly? Becuuse tle muss ol wutei is
gieut.
+6/&rt
roö. Sukku usked tle Loid: ¨Sii, do ull iecluses und
Biulmins teucl tle sume Dlummu, µiuctise tle sume
disciµline, desiie tle sume tling und µuisue tle sume
goul?`
¨No, Rulei ol tle Gods, tley do not. And wly?
Tlis woild is mude uµ ol muny und vuiious elements,
und µeoµle udleie to one oi unotlei ol tlese elements,
und become tenuciously uddicted to tlem, suying: 'Tlis
ulone is tiue, ull else is lulse.' Tleieloie, ull iecluses
und Biulmins do not teucl tle sume Dlummu, µiuc-
tise tle sume disciµline, desiie tle sume tling oi µui-
sue tle sume goul.`
+6/&rö
ro0. And wlut is tle µowei ol symµutly? Tleie uie
tlese loui buses ol symµutly: geneiosity, kind sµeecl,
doing u good tuin und tieuting ull equully. Tle best gen-
eiosity is geneiosity witl tle Dlummu. Tle best kind
sµeecl is teucling tle Dlummu uguin und uguin to u
good und uttentive listenei. Tle best good tuin is incit-
137
ing, encouiuging und estublisling tle wuys ol luitl in
tlose witlout luitl, tle wuys ol viitue in tle unviituous,
tle wuys ol geneiosity in tle meun, und wuys ol wisdom
in tle loolisl. Tle best equul tieutment is tle equulity
between Stieum-Winnei und Stieum-Winnei, between
Once-Retuinei und Once-Retuinei, between Non-
Retuinei und Non-Retuinei, und between Noble One und
Noble One. Tlis is culled tle µowei ol symµutly.
+6/&r0
rto. Lile in tle woild is unµiedictuble und unceituin.
Lile is dilncult, sloit und liuuglt witl sulleiing.
Being boin, one lus to die; tlis is tle nutuie ol
tle woild.
Witl old uge tleie is deutl; tlis is tle wuy
tlings uie.
Wlen liuit is iiµe, it muy dioµ euily in tle
moining.
In tle sume wuy, one wlo is boin muy die ut
uny moment.
Just us ull tle µots mude by ull tle µotteis
End in being bioken,
So it is witl tle lile ol ull wlo uie boin.
138
Neitlei young noi old, loolisl noi wise
Will escuµe tle tiuµ ol deutl.
All move towuids deutl.
Tley uie oveicome by deutl.
Tley µuss on to unotlei woild.
A lutlei cunnot suve lis son oi u lumily its
membeis.
Look! Witl ielutives wutcling, witl teuis und
ciying,
Men uie cuiiied oll one by one,
Like cuttle to tle sluugltei.
So, deutl und uging uie u nutuiul µuit ol tle
woild.
Tlus, tle wise giieve not, seeing tle nutuie ol
tle woild.
+6/&:o
rtr. Wlen tle Ageless exists,
Wlut do you wunt witl sensuul µleusuies,
Wlicl uie bound uµ witl old uge und deutl?
All biitls eveiywleie
Aie inseµuiuble liom sickness und deutl.
139
Tlis is ugeless, immoitul;
It is tle ugeless immoitul stute,
Witlout giieving oi enmity,
Witlout obstiuction, witlout stumbling,
Witlout leui und witlout buining.
Tlis immoitul stute
Hus been uttuined by muny,
And cun be uttuined even toduy
By unyone wlo uµµlies limsell,
But not by tlose wlo do not stiive.
+6/&:r
rt:. Tle Veneiuble Sonu, medituting in solitude,
tlouglt to limsell. ¨Tle Loid's disciµles live in uctive
eneigy und I um one ol tlem, yet my mind is not de-
tucled und liee liom tle denlements. My lumily is iicl;
I cun loisuke tle tiuining, ietuin to tle louselold lile,
en}oy iicles und do good.`
Now, tle Loid ieud lis mind, und us eusily us
u stiong mun miglt stietcl out lis uim, uµµeuied in
liont ol Sonu und suid: ¨Wlut do you tlink, Sonu? In
tle µust wlen you weie ut lome, weie you not skilled
in tle lute's stiinged music?`
¨Yes, I wus, Loid.`
¨And wlen tle stiings weie too tiglt, wus tle
lute melodious und µluyuble?`
140
¨No, Loid.`
¨Wlen tle stiings weie too loose, wus tle lute
melodious und µluyuble?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨But wlen tle stiings weie neitlei too tiglt
noi too loose, but tuned to tle middle µitcl, wus tle
lute tlen melodious und µluyuble?`
¨Yes, Loid.`
¨Even so, Sonu, wlen elloit is too tiglt it ends
in ßuiiy, und wlen too loose ends in idleness. Tleie-
loie, stund nim in tle bulunce, develoµ u bulunce in tle
luculties und tleieby uttuin tlut wlicl is ol vulue.`
+6/&::
rt;. Tlen, King Milindu suid: ¨Veneiuble Nugu-
senu, wlut is tle cluiucteiistic ol luitl?`
¨Fuitl, Siie, lus tiunquillity und leuµing loi-
wuid us its cluiucteiistic.`
¨How is tiunquillity u cluiucteiistic ol luitl?`
¨Wlen luitl uiises, it destioys tle lindiunces;
wlen tlouglt is witlout tle lindiunces, it is cleui,
µuie und seiene.`
¨Give me u simile.`
¨A king, going ulong u liglwuy togetlei witl
lis uimy ol loui µuits ÷ eleµlunts, cuvuliy, cluiiots und
inluntiy ÷ miglt cioss u smull stieum, und tle wutei
141
distuibed by tlut uimy would become diity, tuibid und
muddy. Tlen, tle king miglt suy: ¨Biing wutei, good
siis; we will diink.` Tley miglt unswei lim, suying:
¨Yes, Youi Mu}esty,` und tuking tle king's wutei-cleuns-
ing gem miglt µut it in tle wutei so tlut tle vuiious
wutei µlunts would disuµµeui, tle mud subside und tle
wutei become cleui, µuie und seiene. Tlen tley would
ollei tle diinking wutei to tle king, suying: ¨Let His
Mu}esty diink.` Tlouglt is like tle wutei, tle µeoµle uie
like tle euinest student ol meditution, tle denlements
uie like tle wutei µlunts und tle mud, und luitl is like
tle wutei-cleunsing gem. As tle wutei µlunts disuµµeui,
tle mud subsides, und tle wutei becomes cleui, µuie
und seiene wlen tle wutei-cleunsing gem is µut in ÷
even so, tle uiising ol luitl destioys tle lindiunces und
tlouglt witlout lindiunces is cleui, µuie und seiene.`
¨How, ieveiend sii, is leuµing loiwuid u clui-
ucteiistic ol luitl?`
¨As, Siie, tle euinest student ol meditution, on
seeing tlut tle minds ol otleis uie lieed, leuµs loiwuid
ultei tle liuits ol Stieum-Winning, ol Once-Retuining,
ol Non-Retuining oi ol Aiuluntsliµ, und µiuctises
meditution loi tle uttuinment ol tle unuttuined, loi
tle musteiy ol tle unmusteied, loi tle ieulizution ol
tle unieulized ÷ even so is leuµing loiwuid u cluiuc-
teiistic ol luitl.`
¨Give me u simile.`
142
¨A gieut iuincloud miglt µoui down iuin on
u ligl mountuin, so tlut tle wutei iusling down tle
incline, ultei nlling tle gullies, tle vulleys und tle
smull stieums on tle sloµes, would tlen nll tle iivei,
so tlut it would iusl ulong, bieuking its bunks. Now,
il u gieut ciowd ol µeoµle weie to uµµioucl tlut iivei
knowing neitlei its widtl noi deµtl, tley would stund
teiiined und lesitunt on its bunk. Tlen, il u mun weie
to uµµioucl wlo wus conndent ol lis own µowei und
stiengtl, und µutting on u loinclotl, weie to dive into
tlut iivei und cioss ovei, tlen seeing tlis, tlut gieut
ciowd ol µeoµle would cioss ovei, too. Even so, Siie,
tle euinest student ol meditution, on seeing tlut tle
minds ol otleis uie lieed, leuµs loiwuid ultei tle liuits
ol Stieum-Winning, ol Once-Retuining, ol Non-Retuin-
ing oi ol Aiuluntsliµ, und µiuctises meditution loi tle
uttuinment ol tle unuttuined, loi tle musteiy ol tle
unmusteied, loi tle ieulizution ol tle unieulized, und
tlus is leuµing loiwuid u cluiucteiistic ol luitl.`
+6/&:;
rt«. One conceives lutied ut tle tlouglt: ¨So-und-
so lus done me luim, le is doing me luim, le is going
to do me luim.` One conceives lutied ut tle tlouglt:
¨So-und-so lus done luim to one deui und µiecious to
me, le is doing luim to one deui und µiecious to me,
143
le is going to do luim to one deui und µiecious to me.`
One conceives lutied ut tle tlouglt: ¨So-und-so lus
done good to one not deui und µiecious to me, is doing
good to one not deui und µiecious to me, is going to do
good to one not deui und µiecious to me.` In tlis wuy,
one is gioundlessly unnoyed.
+6/&:«
rts. Monks! Biulmins und louseloldeis uie most
lelµlul to you since tley µiovide you witl iobe, bowl,
lodging und seut, medicines und tle necessities loi
sickness. You ulso uie most lelµlul to Biulmins und
louseloldeis, since you teucl tlem tle Dlummu tlut
is lovely in tle beginning, lovely in tle middle und
lovely ut tle end, botl in lettei und sµiiit. You µiocluim
to tlem tle loly lile in ull its comµleteness und µuiity.
Tleieloie, tle loly lile is lived in mutuul deµendence,
loi ciossing tle ßood, loi tle oveicoming ol sulleiing.
+6/&:s
rto. Tle Buddlu is like one wlo µusses down tle
inleiitunce ol tle Dlummu. Tle good Dlummu is like
tlut inleiitunce. Tle Sunglu, wlicl is like u giouµ ol
clildien wlo uie leiis ol un inleiitunce, is leii to tle
inleiitunce ol tle good Dlummu.
144
+6/&:o
rtt. Wleieus some iecluses und Biulmins, wlile
living on lood µiovided by tle luitllul, muke tleii
living by sucl low uits, sucl wiong meuns ol liveli-
lood us µulmistiy, loitune-telling liom signs, µoitents,
dieums, muiks on tle body, tle gnuwing ol mice, us-
ing u sµoon to muke olleiings to tle nie god ol iice
lusks, iice µowdei, iice giuins, glee oi oil, by muking
olleiings liom tle moutl oi ol blood, by ieuding tle
nngeitiµs, by louse loie, guiden loie, skill in mugic
cluims, custing out glosts, euitl-louse loie, snuke
loie, µoison loie, iut loie, ciow loie, loietelling tle
lengtl ol someone's lile, by muking cluims uguinst
uiiows oi by inteiµieting tle ciies ol unimuls, tle iec-
luse Gotumu ubstuins liom sucl low uits, sucl wiong
meuns ol livelilood.
+6/&:t
rtö. Just us tle duwn is tle loieiunnei, tle leiuld
ol tle uiising ol tle sun ÷ so too, liiendsliµ witl tle
beuutilul is tle loieiunnei, tle leiuld ol tle uiising ol
tle Noble Eigltlold Putl. Wlen one is u liiend ol tle
beuutilul, it muy be exµected tlut le will cultivute und
develoµ tle Noble Eigltlold Putl.
14S
+6/&:ö
rt0. Foi one wlo is viituous, in lull µossession
ol viitue, tleie is no need loi tle µuiµoselul tlouglt:
¨Muy I be liee liom iemoise.` Becuuse it is nutuiul loi
one wlo is viituous to be liee liom iemoise. And loi
one liee liom iemoise tleie is no need loi tle µuiµose-
lul tlouglt: ¨Muy I be }oylul.` Becuuse it is nutuiul loi
one wlo is liee liom iemoise to be }oylul.
+6/&:0
röo. One wlo is devoted to tle iecollection on
µeuce sleeµs in luµµiness und wukes in luµµiness, lis
luculties uie µeucelul und lis mind is µeucelul, le lus
slume und leui ol blume, le is conndent, le is iesolved
to uttuin tle liglest stute, und le is iesµected und
ieveied by lis lellows in tle loly lile. And even il le
uttuins no liglei, le is ut leust leuded loi u luµµy ie-
biitl.
+6/&;o
rör. Tleie uie two µeoµle you cun nevei ieµuy.
Wlut two? Youi lutlei und youi motlei. Even il you
weie to cuiiy tlem on youi buck und live u lundied
yeuis, suµµoiting tlem, unointing tlem witl medi-
146
cines, butling und mussuging tleii limbs und wiµing
uµ tleii exciement ultei tlem, even tlis would not ie-
µuy tlem. Even il you weie to give tlem ubsolute iule
ovei tle wlole woild, tlis would not ieµuy tlem. And
wly? Becuuse µuients do mucl loi tleii clildien ÷
tley biing tlem uµ, nouiisl tlem, tley intioduce tlem
to tle woild. But wloevei encouiuges lis unbelieving
µuients to believe, lis immoiul µuients to be viituous,
lis stingy µuients to be geneious, lis loolisl µuients to
be wise, sucl u one by so doing does ieµuy, does moie
tlun ieµuy lis µuients.
o
147
,
o|;
+6-:r
rö:. Just us tle iudiunce ol ull tle stuis is not woitl
one sixteentl µuit ol tle moon's iudiunce; }ust us in tle
lust montl ol tle iuiny seuson, in uutumn, wlen tle
sky is cleui und liee liom clouds, tle sun iises into tle
sky und diives uwuy ull duikness und slines, ßusles
und iudiutes; }ust us in tle µie-duwn liglt, tle leuling
stui slines, ßusles und iudiutes; so too, wlutevei good
deeds one miglt do loi tle µuiµose ol u good iebiitl,
none ol tlem uie woitl one sixteentl µuit ol tlut love
wlicl liees tle mind. It is tle love tlut liees tle mind
wlicl slines, ßusles und iudiutes loitl outsuiµussing
ull tlose good deeds.
Wloevei mukes love giow boundless,
And sets lis mind loi seeing tle end ol biitl,
His letteis uie woin tlin.
Il witl u µuie mind one leels love
Towuids even u single being,
Tlut ulone mukes lim u good mun.
Huving u mind nlled witl comµussion,
Tle Noble One does gieut good.
148
+6-::
rö;. Tlus is Dlummu well tuuglt by me, mude
munilest, oµened uµ, well µiocluimed und stiiµµed ol
its wiuµµings. And becuuse ol tlis, ull tlose wlo uie
stiiving loi Dlummu tliougl luitl uie bound loi en-
ligltenment.
+6-:;
rö«. And low does one dwell µeivuding one diiec-
tion witl u mind nlled witl love? Just us one would
leel love loi u loving, µleusunt µeison, like tlis one µei-
vudes ull beings witl love. And conceining tlis, wlut is
love? Tlut wlicl in beings is love, tle uct ol love, tle
stute ol love, love tlut is liee liom ill-will.
And low does one dwell µeivuding one diiec-
tion witl u mind nlled witl comµussion? Just us one
would leel comµussion loi u miseiuble oi evil µeison,
like tlis one µeivudes ull beings witl comµussion. And
conceining tlis, wlut is comµussion? Tlut wlicl in be-
ings is comµussion, tle uct ol being comµussionute, tle
stute ol being comµussionute, comµussion tlut is liee
liom ciuelty.
And low does one dwell µeivuding one diiec-
tion witl u mind nlled witl symµutletic }oy? Just us
one would leel }oylul loi u lovely, µleusunt µeison, like
149
tlis one µeivudes ull beings witl symµutletic }oy. And
conceining tlis, wlut is symµutletic }oy? Tlut wlicl
in beings is symµutletic }oy, tle uct ol symµutletic }oy,
tle stute ol symµutletic }oy, symµutletic }oy tlut is liee
liom envy.
And low does one dwell µeivuding one diiec-
tion witl u mind nlled witl equunimity? Just us one
would leel equunimity loi u µeison neitlei µleusunt
noi unµleusunt, like tlis one µeivudes ull beings witl
equunimity. And conceining tlis, wlut is equunimity?
Tlut wlicl in beings is equunimity, tle uct ol equu-
nimity, tle stute ol equunimity, equunimity tlut is liee
liom distiess.
+6-:«
rös. Incieusing in nve wuys u noble womun dis-
ciµle incieuses in tle noble giowtl, giusµs tle essen-
tiuls, giusµs tle leuit ol tle muttei. Wlut nve? Sle
giows in luitl, in viitue, in leuining, in geneiosity und
sle giows in wisdom.
+6-:s
röo. Tleie uie tlese loui times. Wlut loui? Heui-
ing Dlummu ut tle iiglt time, discussion ol Dlummu
1S0
ut tle iiglt time, culming ut tle iiglt time und wisdom
ut tle iiglt time.
+6-:o
röt. Wlut soit ol µeison is to be lollowed, seived
und lonouied? Tle µeison wlo is viituous und ol
lovely nutuie. And wly is le to be lollowed? Becuuse
even tlougl one muy not ugiee witl lis ideus, u good
ieµutution sµieuds uiound tlut you ussociute witl tle
lovely, tlut you luve woitly liiends, tlut you consoit
witl tle woitly.
+6-:t
röö. Now ut tlut time, between Suvuttli und tle
Jetu Giove u numbei ol boys weie toimenting nsl.
Tlen tle Loid suw tlose boys und le went uµ to tlem
und suid: .`My boys, uie you uliuid ol µuin? Do you dis-
like µuin?`
¨Yes, sii, we do.`
Tlen tle Loid utteied tlis veise:
Il you uie uliuid ol und dislike µuin,
Do no evil in oµen oi in seciet.
Il you uie doing oi µlun to do evil,
Tleie's no escuµe liom µuin
By iunning uwuy oi ßeeing.
1S1
+6-:ö
rö0. Mulu Kottlitu usked Veneiuble Suiiµuttu:
¨How muny tlings biing Peilect View into existence?`
¨Tleie uie two tlings tlut biing Peilect View
into existence: tle woids ol unotlei, und cuielul
uttention.`
¨How muny tlings luitleiing Peilect View ie-
sult in lieedom ol mind und tle udvuntuges ol lieedom
ol mind, lieedom tliougl wisdom und tle udvuntuges
ol lieedom tliougl wisdom?`
¨Il Peilect View is luitleied by nve tlings
÷ viitue, leuining, discussion, culm und vision ÷ liee-
dom ol mind und tle udvuntuges ol lieedom ol mind,
lieedom tliougl wisdom und tle udvuntuges ol liee-
dom tliougl wisdom will iesult.`
+6-:0
r0o. Tleie uie tlese two sicknesses. Wlut two?
Sickness ol body und sickness ol mind. Tleie uie to
be seen some beings wlo cun udmit to lieedom liom
sulleiing bodily sickness loi one yeui, two yeuis, ten
yeuis, nlty yeuis, µeiluµs even u lundied yeuis. But it
is luid to nnd beings wlo cun udmit to lieedom liom
mentul sickness loi even u moment, exceµt tlose wlo
luve destioyed tle denlements.
1S2
+6-:ro
r0r. Love is cluiucteiized us µiomoting tle wel-
luie ol otleis. Its lunction is to desiie welluie. It is
munilested us tle iemovul ol unnoyunce. Its µioximute
cuuse is seeing tle loveubleness in beings. It succeeds
wlen it mukes ill-will subside, und it luils wlen it gives
iise to selnsl ullection.
Comµussion is cluiucteiized us µiomoting tle
iemovul ol otleis' sulleiing. Its lunction is not beuiing
otleis' sulleiing. It is munilested us kindness. Its µioxi-
mute cuuse is seeing lelµlessness in tlose oveiwlelmed
by sulleiing. It succeeds wlen it mukes ciuelty subside,
und it luils wlen it gives iise to soiiow.
Symµutletic }oy is cluiucteiized us }oy in tle
success ol otleis. Its lunction is being liee liom envy.
It is munilested us tle eliminution ol uveision. Its µiox-
imute cuuse is seeing otlei beings' success. It succeeds
wlen it mukes uveision subside, und it luils wlen it
gives iise to meiiiment.
Equunimity is cluiucteiized us µiomoting
equiµoise towuids beings. Its lunction is to see tle
equulity in beings. It is munilested us quieting like und
dislike. Its µioximute cuuse is seeing tle owneisliµ ol
deeds tlus: ¨Beings uie leiis to tleii deeds. Wlose, il
not tleiis, is tle cloice by wlicl tley will become luµ-
µy, oi will be liee liom sulleiing, oi will not lull uwuy
1S3
liom tle success tley luve ieucled?` It succeeds wlen
it mukes like und dislike subside, und it luils wlen it
gives iise to tle indilleience ol ignoiunce bused on tle
louselold lile.
+6-:rr
r0:. One muy be u believei, viituous und leuined,
but not u teuclei ol Dlummu, und to tlut degiee one is
incomµlete. One must iemedy tlis delect by tlinking:
¨How cun I be u believei, viituous, leuined und u teucl-
ei ol Dlummu ulso?` Wlen one lus ull tlese, tlen one
is comµlete.
+6-:r:
r0;. Tle Loid suid to tle monks: ¨Considei it tiue
tlut Huttluku ol Aluvi is endowed witl seven muivel-
lous quulities. Wlut seven? He lus luitl, viitue, con-
scientiousness, leui ol blume, leuining, geneiosity und
wisdom.` Huving sµoken tlus, tle Loid iose liom lis
seut und enteied tle dwelling. Tlen u monk went to
wleie Huttluku wus und told lim ull tlut tle Loid lud
suid ubout lim. And Huttluku suid to tlut monk: ¨I
loµe tleie weie no luymen diessed in wlite µiesent.`
¨No, liiend, tleie weie none.`
1S4
Altei tlut monk ietuined liom lis ulms-iound,
le went to tle Loid und told lim tle conveisution le
lud lud witl Huttluku, und tle Loid suid: ¨Well done,
monk, well done! Tlut clunsmun is modest. He does
not wisl lis good quulities to be known by otleis. So,
considei it is tiue tlut Huttluku ol Aluvi is endowed
witl tlis eigltl muivelous und wondeilul quulity,
numely, modesty.
+6-:r;
r0«. Fiist in tle woild is tle Teuclei, tle miglty suge,
Next is tle disciµle wlo lus develoµed limsell,
And tlen tle leuinei wlo is wulking tle Putl,
Wlo is deeµly leuined und wlo keeµs
Tle iules ol viitue µeilectly.
Tlese tliee uie tle liglest umong gods und men,
Tley uie biingeis ol liglt, sµeukeis ol Dlummu,
Tley oµen tle doois ol tle Immoitul
And set muny beings liee liom bonduge.
Wloevei wulks tle µutl cleuily slown
By tle mutclless leudei ol tle cuiuvun,
And lollows tle teuclings euinestly ÷
Tley will oveicome sulleiing in tlis veiy lile.
1SS
+6-:r«
r0s. Tlen tle lemule wundeiei Sucimukli cume
uµ to tle Veneiuble Suiiµuttu und suid: ¨O iecluse, wly
do you eut looking downwuids?`
¨I do not eut looking downwuids.`
¨Tlen you eut looking uµ.`
¨I do not eut looking uµ.`
¨Tlen you eut looking ut tle loui diiections.`
¨I do not eut looking ut tle loui diiections.`
¨Tlen you must eut looking ut tle µoints in
between.`
¨I do not eut looking ut tle µoints in between.`
¨Tlen low do you eut?`
¨Wlutevei iecluses und Biulmins get tleii liv-
ing in sucl wiong wuys us divinution und otlei low uits,
tlese uie culled tlose wlo eut looking down. Wlutevei
iecluses und Biulmins get tleii living in sucl wiong
wuys us ustiology und otlei low uits, tlese uie culled
tlose wlo eut looking uµ. Wlutevei iecluses und Biul-
mins get tleii living in sucl wiong wuys us sending
messuges und iunning eiiunds, tlese uie culled tlose
wlo eut looking in tle loui diiections. And wlutevei
iecluses und Biulmins get tleii living in sucl wiong
wuys us µulmistiy und otlei low uits, tlese uie culled
tlose wlo eut looking ut tle µoints in between. But
I um one wlo gets lis living in none ol tlese wuys.
1S6
Rigltly do I seek my lood und iigltly do I eut my lood
once I luve souglt it.`
+6-:rs
r0o. And low is one contented? Conceining tlis,
one is sutisned witl u iobe to µiotect tle body und witl
lood to sutisly tle stomucl. Huving ucceµted enougl,
le goes on lis wuy us u biid witl wings ßies leie und
tleie, tuking notling but its wings.
+6-:ro
r0t. Tleie uie tlese nve udvuntuges ol listening to
Dlummu. Wlut nve? One leuis tlings not µieviously
leuid, cluiines tlings µieviously leuid, disµels doubts,
stiuigltens one's view, und one's leuit becomes culm.
+6-:rt
r0ö. Wlen tle Tutlugutu oi tle Tutlugutu's dis-
ciµles live in tle woild, it is done loi tle good ol tle
muny, loi tle luµµiness ol tle muny, out ol comµussion
loi tle woild ÷ loi tle good, tle welluie und tle luµ-
µiness ol gods und men. And wlut is u Tutlugutu? Con-
ceining tlis, u Tutlugutu uiises in tle woild, u Noble
1S7
One, u lully enligltened Buddlu, ol µeilect knowledge
und conduct, luµµily uttuined, u knowei ol tle woilds,
u guide unsuiµussed ol men to be tiuined, u teuclei ol
gods und men, u Buddlu, tle Loid.
And wlut is u Tutlugutu's disciµle? He is one
wlo teucles Dlummu tlut is lovely ut tle beginning,
lovely in tle middle und lovely ut tle end, botl in tle
lettei und in tle sµiiit. He mukes µluin tle loly lile,
entiiely comµlete und µuiined. Tlis is tle Tutlugutu
und tle Tutlugutu's disciµle, und wlen tley live in tle
woild, it is done loi tle good ol tle muny, loi tle luµ-
µiness ol tle muny, out ol comµussion loi tle woild, loi
tle good, tle welluie, tle luµµiness ol gods und men.
+6-:rö
r00. Tle noble quulity ol love slould be tlouglt
ubout tlus: ¨One conceined only witl lis own wel-
luie, witlout concein loi tle welluie ol otleis, cun-
not uclieve success in tlis woild oi luµµiness in tle
next. How tlen cun one wisling to lelµ ull beings but
not luving love limsell succeed in uttuining Niivunu?
And il you wisl to leud ull beings to tle suµiumundune
stute ol Niivunu, you slould begin by wisling loi tleii
mundune welluie leie und now.` One slould tlink: ¨I
cunnot µiovide loi tle welluie und luµµiness ol otleis
1S8
meiely by wisling it. Let me muke un elloit to uccom-
µlisl it.` One slould tlink: ¨Now I suµµoit tlem by
µiomoting tleii welluie und luµµiness, und lutei tley
will be my comµunions in sluiing tle Dlummu.` Tlen
one slould tlink: ¨Witlout tlese beings, I could not
uccumulute tle iequisites ol enligltenment. Becuuse
tley uie tle ieuson loi µiuctising und µeilecting ull
tle Buddlu-quulities, tlese beings uie loi me tle ligl-
est neld ol meiit, tle incomµuiuble busis loi µlunting
wlolesome ioots, und tlus tle ultimute ob}ect ol iev-
eience.` So one slould uiouse un esµeciully stiong in-
clinution towuids µiomoting tle welluie ol ull beings.
And wly slould love be develoµed towuids ull beings?
Becuuse it is tle loundution ol comµussion. Foi wlen
one deliglts in µioviding loi tle welluie und luµµi-
ness ol otlei beings witl un unbounded leuit, tle de-
siie to iemove tleii ulßictions und sulleiing becomes
stiongly und nimly estublisled. And comµussion is tle
µie-eminent quulity in Buddlulood, it is its busis, its
loundution, its ioot, its leud und its cliel.
+6-:r0
:oo. Once, wlile tle Loid wus stuying umong
tle Bluggis on tle Ciocodile Hill in tle Deei Puik ut
Blesukulu Giove, tle good mun Nukuluµitu luy sick,
1S9
uiling und giievously ill. And lis wile Nukulumutu suid
to lim: ¨I beg you, good mun, do not die woiiied, loi
tle Loid lus suid tlut tle lute ol tle woiiied is not
good. Muybe you tlink: 'Alus, wlen I um gone, my
wile will be unuble to suµµoit tle clildien oi keeµ tle
louselold togetlei.' But do not tlink like tlut, loi I um
skilled in sµinning cotton und cuiding wool, und I will
munuge to suµµoit tle clildien und keeµ tle louse-
lold togetlei ultei you uie gone.`
¨Oi muybe you tlink: 'My wile will tuke un-
otlei lusbund ultei I um gone.' But do not tlink like
tlut, loi you und I know tlut loi sixteen yeuis we luve
lived us louseloldeis in tle loly lile.
¨Oi muybe you tlink: 'My wile, ultei I um
gone, will luve no desiie to see tle Loid oi to see tle
monks.' But do not tlink like tlut, loi my desiie to see
tlem slull be even gieutei.
¨Oi muybe you tlink: 'My wile will not keeµ
tle viitues in lull.' But do not tlink like tlut, loi us
long us tle Loid lus lemule disciµles diessed in wlite,
living ut lome und keeµing tle viitues in lull, I slull be
one. And il uny doubt it, let tlem usk tle Loid.
¨Oi muybe you tlink: 'Altei I um gone, my wile
will not luve u culm mind.' But do not tlink like tlut,
loi us long us tle Loid lus lemule disciµles diessed in
wlite, living ut lome, wlo guin tlut stute, I slull be
one. And il uny doubt it, let tlem usk tle Loid.
160
¨Oi muybe you tlink: 'My wile will not win u
nim loundution, u nim lootlold in tlis Dlummu und
disciµline. Sle will not win comloit, dissolve doubt, be
liee liom unceituinty, become conndent, sell-ieliunt,
und live by tle Teuclei's woids.' But do not tlink like
tlut, eitlei. Foi us long us tle Loid lus lemule disciµles
diessed in wlite, living ut lome, wlo win u nim loun-
dution, u nim lootlold, wlo luve won comloit, dis-
solved doubt, wlo uie liee liom unceituinty, wlo luve
become conndent, sell-ieliunt und live by tle Teuclei's
woids, I slull be one. And il uny doubt it, let tlem go
und usk tle Loid.`
Now, wlile Nukuluµitu wus being counseled
tlus by lis wile, even us le luy tleie lis sickness sub-
sided und le iecoveied. And not long ultei, le got uµ,
und leuning on u stick, Nukuluµitu went to visit tle
Loid und told lim wlut lud luµµened. And tle Loid
suid: ¨It lus been u guin; you luve gieutly guined liom
luving Nukulumutu us youi counselloi und teuclei, lull
ol comµussion loi you, und desiiing youi welluie.
+6-::o
:or. r luve leuined two tlings: not to be content
witl good stutes one lus ulieudy develoµed, und not
to give uµ tiying. Witlout giving uµ, I keeµ tiying und
tlink: ¨Gludly would I luve my skin, bones und sinews
161
witlei und my ßesl und blood diy uµ, il only I cun
stiuggle until I win tlut wlicl cun be won by lumun
elloit.` It wus by euinest endeuvoui tlut I won enliglt-
enment und tle liglest lieedom liom bonds.
+6-::r
:o:. Witlout tuiiying und witlout luiiying did I
cioss tle ßood. Foi wlen I tuiiied I sunk, und wlen I
luiiied I wus wliiled ubout. And so, witlout tuiiying
und witlout luiiying did I cioss tle ßood.
+6-:::
:o;. Just us tle gieut oceun sloµes uwuy giuduully,
tends downwuids giuduully witlout uny ubiuµt µieci-
µice, even so tlis Dlummu und disciµline is u giuduul
doing, u giuduul tiuining, u giuduul µiuctice; tleie is
no sudden µenetiution ol knowledge.
+6-::;
:o«. Once, wlen I wus iesting undei tle goutleid's
Bunyun tiee on tle bunks ol tle Neiuñ}uiu }ust ultei
my enligltenment, Muiu cume to see me und suid:
¨Puss uwuy now, now is u good time loi tle Loid to
die.` But I sµoke to Muiu und suid: ¨I slull not die until
162
tle monks, tle nuns, tle luymen und tle luywomen
luve become deeµly leuined, wise und well tiuined,
iemembeiing tle teuclings, µioncient in tle lessei
und gieutei doctiines, viituous und luving leuined
tle teuclings tlemselves, until tley uie uble to tell it
to otleis, teucl it, muke it known, estublisl it, oµen it
uµ, exµluin it und muke it cleui, until tley uie uble to
ielute lulse doctiines tuuglt by otleis und to sµieud
tle convincing und libeiuting tiutl ubioud. I slull not
die until tle loly lile lus become successlul, µiosµei-
ous, undesµised und µoµului, until it lus become well
µiocluimed umong botl gods und men.`
+6-::«
:os. Tlese nve tlings slould olten be contem-
µluted by botl women und men, by botl louseloldei
und lomeleuvei. Wlut nve? ¨Old uge cun come to me; I
luve not got beyond old uge. Sickness cun come to me:
I luve not got beyond sickness. Deutl cun come to me;
I luve not got beyond deutl. I um tle iesult ol my own
deeds, tle leii to deeds ÷ deeds uie tle souice, tle
kin und tle loundution. Wlutevei deed I do, wletlei
good oi bud, I slull become leii to tlut.` Tlese nve
tlings , slould olten be contemµluted by botl women
und men, by botl louseloldei und lome-leuvei.
163
+6-::s
:oo. In tle soutlein distiicts, tleie is un ublution
ceiemony. At tlut time, tleie is mucl lood und diink,
edibles luid und solt, syiuµs und diinks, duncing, sing-
ing und music. Tlis ceiemony is u wusling, but it is not
u wusling uwuy. It is low, common, vulgui, ignoble; it
does not conduce to good, to tuining uwuy, to luding, to
culming, to liglei knowledge, oi to Niivunu. So, I will
teucl you u wusling tlut does conduce to good, to tuin-
ing uwuy, to luding, to culming, to liglei knowledge und
to Niivunu. A wusling tlut liees beings liuble to iebiitl
liom iebiitl, tlut liees beings liuble to decuy liom decuy,
tlut liees beings liuble to die liom deutl, tlut liees beings
liuble to soiiow, sulleiing, lumentution, woe, de}ection
und desµuii liom tlose stutes. And wlut is tlut wusling?
Foi one wlo lus Peilect Undeistunding, Peilect Tlouglt;
Peilect Sµeecl, Peilect Action, Peilect Livelilood, Peilect
Elloit, Peilect Mindlulness, Peilect Concentiution, µei-
lect knowledge und lieedom ÷ loi tlut µeison, wiong
undeistunding, wiong tlouglt, wiong sµeecl und so on
uie wusled uwuy. And tlose evil unskilled stutes wlicl
uiise due to tlem uie ulso wusled uwuy. Tlose good und
skilllul stutes tlut uiise due to Peilect Undeistunding,
Peilect Tlouglt, Peilect Sµeecl, Peilect Action, Peilect
Livelilood, Peilect Elloit, Peilect Mindlulness und Pei-
lect Concentiution ÷ tlose stutes come to mutuiity.
164
+6-::o
:ot. Wlen you sµeuk to otleis, you miglt sµeuk ut
tle iiglt time oi ut tle wiong time, uccoiding to luct
oi not, gently oi luislly, ubout tle goul oi not, witl u
mind lull ol love oi witl u mind lull ol lutied. In tlis
wuy, you slould tiuin youisell. ¨Oui minds will not be
µeiveited noi will we uttei evil sµeecl, but kindly und
comµussionute we will live witl u mind lull ol love,
witlout lutied. We will live luving sullused tlut, µei-
son witl u mind lull ol love, und beginning witl lim,
we will live sullusing tle wlole woild witl u love tlut
is lui ieucling, widesµieud, immeusuiuble, witlout
enmity, witlout mulevolence.` Tlis is low you slould
tiuin youisell.
+6-::t
:oö. Wlut is wionglul envy? Conceining tlis, u
louseloldei oi lis son is weultly in giuin, silvei oi gold.
Tlen u seivunt oi undeiling tlinks: ¨Il only tlut weultl
didn't belong to tlem.` Oi suµµose u iecluse oi Biulmin
gets u good suµµly ol iobes, lood, lodging oi medicine
loi sickness, und unotlei iecluse oi Biulmin tlinks: ¨Il
only le didn't get u good suµµly ol tlose tlings.` Tlis
is culled wionglul envy und is not ubundoned by ucts ol
body oi sµeecl, but by seeing it witl wisdom.
16S
+6-::ö
:o0. Let one contiol sµeecl und mind
And do no wiong deed witl tle body.
Il tle lome is well stocked witl goods,
Let one luve luitl, be gentle,
Sluie lis goods witl otleis und sµeuk kindly.
+6-::0
:ro. Il one weie to give u gilt ol u lundied coins in
tle moining, uguin ut noon und uguin in tle evening,
oi insteud, il one weie to develoµ tle mind ol love in
tle moining, noon und evening even loi us long us it
tukes to µull u cow's uddei, tlis would be by lui tle
moie benenciul ol tle two. Tleieloie, you slould tiuin
youisell, tlinking: ¨We will develoµ tle libeiution ol
tle mind tliougl love. We will µiuctise it olten. We
will muke it oui velicle und loundution. We will tuke
oui stund uµon it, stoie it uµ und µiomote it.`
+6-:;o
:rr. Tlose wlo tuke u discouise iigltly, conloim-
ing to botl tle lettei und tle sµiiit, tley uie iesµon-
sible loi tle good und tle welluie ol muny, loi tle
166
good, tle welluie und tle luµµiness ol gods und men.
Moieovei, tley cieute gieut good und lelµ estublisl
tle Dlummu.
+6-:;r
:r:. Nukuluµitu suid to tle Loid: ¨Loid, I um u bio-
ken down old mun, uged; I luve ieucled tle end ol my
yeuis. Ruiely um I uble to see tle Loid und tle monks
so woitly ol iesµect. Tleieloie, let tle Loid cleei und
comloit me so tlut it will be to my welluie und luµµi-
ness loi u long time.`
¨It is tiue, louseloldei; wlut you suy is tiue.
Foi one cuiiying ubout tle body, to cluim even u mo-
ment's leultl would be loolislness. Tleieloie, you
slould tiuin youisell, tlinking: 'Tlougl my body be
sick, my mind slull not be sick.' Tlis is low you slould
tiuin youisell.`
o
167
;o_osc
"6(645r
:r;. I um u tiue Biulmin, one to usk u luvoui ol,
µuielunded, weuiing my lust body, un imcomµuiuble
µlysiciun und suigeon. You uie my own tiue clil-
dien, boin ol my moutl, boin ol Dlummu, cieuted by
Dlummu, leiis to sµiiituul, not to woildly tlings.
"6(645:
:r«. Tleie uie tlese six wuys ol being consideiute.
Wlut six? One lus love in deed towuid one's comµun-
ions in tle loly lile, botl oµenly und in µiivute; one
lus love in woid towuid one's comµunions in tle loly
lile, botl oµenly und in µiivute; one lus love in tlouglt
towuid one's comµunions in tle loly lile, botl oµenly
und in µiivute. Tlen, tlings ucquiied iigltly und µioµ-
eily, be tley only sciuµs, one loves to sluie imµuitiully,
to use tlem in common witl one's comµunions in tle
loly lile. Also, one lus tlose viitues tlut uie unbio-
ken, witlout ßuw, sµotless, witlout blemisl, biinging
168
lieedom, conducive to concentiution; witl tlese, one
lives in luimony witl one's lellows in tle loly lile. And
nnully, one lus tlut noble view tlut is suving, leuding
lim wlo ucts uccoidingly to tle comµlete oveicoming
ol sulleiing; und one lives witl tlis view umong one's
comµunions in tle loly lile. Tlese uie tle six wuys ol
being consideiute.
"6(645;
:rs. Tle Buddlu is like u steudlust mun wlo gives
µiotection liom leui. Tle Dlummu is like tle µiotection
liom leui, und tle Sunglu is like tlose wlo luve lound
µiotection liom leui. Tle Buddlu is like u good con-
solei, tle Dlummu is like consolution, und tle Sunglu
is like tlose wlo luve been consoled. Tle Buddlu is
like u tiue liiend, tle Dlummu is like lelµlul udvice,
und tle Sunglu is like tlose wlo luve uclieved tleii
wisles by lollowing tlut lelµlul udvice.
"6(645«
:ro. It is not µossible tlut one wlo is limsell unie-
stiuined, undisciµlined und unquencled could iestiuin,
disciµline und quencl otleis. But it is veiy µossible
tlut one wlo is limsell iestiuined, disciµlined und
quencled could muke otleis like tlut ulso.
169
"6(645s
:rt. ¨Once tleie wus u ceituin king in tlis veiy city
ol Suvuttlti. He culled someone, suying: 'Come my good
mun, go und gutlei togetlei in one µluce ull tle men
in Suvuttlti wlo weie boin blind.' 'Veiy good,' suid tle
mun, und le did us tle king communded, und wlen le
lud done so tle king suid to lim: 'Now, my good mun,
slow tlese blind men un eleµlunt.' 'Veiy good,' suid tle
mun, und le did us tle king communded. He µiesented
one blind mun witl tle leud ol tle eleµlunt, one witl
tle eui, one witl tle tusk, unotlei tle tiunk, tle loot,
tle buck, tle tuil und tle tult ol tle tuil, suying to eucl
us le did so, 'O blind mun, tlis is un eleµlunt.' Huving
done tlis, tle mun went to tle king und suid: 'Siie, tle
eleµlunt lus been µiesented to tle blind men. Do wlut
you will.'
So, tle king went to tle blind men und suid
to eucl, 'Ol blind men, luve you seen tle eleµlunt?'
'Yes, Siie, we luve,' suid tle men. 'Tlen tell me wlut un
eleµlunt is like.' Tlen tle one wlo lud been µiesented
witl tle leud suid: 'An eleµlunt is like u µot.' Tle one
wlo lud been µiesented witl tle eui suid: 'An eleµlunt
is like u winnowing busket.' Tley suid tle tusk wus like
u µlouglsluie, tle tiunk wus like u µlougl µole, tle
body wus like u giunuiy, tle loot like u µillui, tle buck
170
like u moitui, tle tuil like u µestle, und tle tult ol tle
tuil u bioom. Tlen tley begun to uigue, slouting us
tley did: 'It is!' 'It is not!' 'An eleµlunt is not like tlut!'
'Yes, it is!' Soon tley begun to lit eucl otlei, und tle
king wus deliglted witl wlut le suw.
In tle sume wuy, wundeieis ol otlei sects uie
blind, tley do not see, tley do not know tle skilllul oi
tle unskilllul. Tley do not know wlut Dlummu is oi
wlut Dlummu is not. And becuuse ol tleii ignoiunce
tley uie by nutuie uigumentutive, quuiielsome, squub-
bleis, eucl insisting it is tlus.`
Tlen undeistunding tlis, tle Loid sµoke tlis
veise:
How tley cling und low tley wiungle,
Yet cluim to be iecluses und Biulmins.
Quuiielling und clinging to tleii oµinions,
Tley only see one side ol tlings.
"6(645o
:rö. Tle cuiµentei oi lis uµµientice sees on lis
tool lundle tle weuiing uwuy cuused by lis nngeis und
tlumb, but le does not necessuiily know tlut so mucl
lus been woin uwuy toduy, so mucl yesteiduy und so
mucl ut unotlei time. In tle sume wuy, one living de-
171
voted to tle µiuctice ol meditution does not know tlut
so mucl ol tle denlements lus been woin uwuy toduy,
so mucl yesteiduy und so mucl ut unotlei time. He
meiely lus tle knowledge tlut tley uie being woin
uwuy.
"6(645t
:r0. Eleven udvuntuges uie to be looked loi in
tle lieedom ol mind tliougl tle µiuctice ol love, by
muking love giow, by muking mucl ol it, by muking
love u velicle und busis, by µeisisting in it, by becom-
ing lumiliui witl it, und by estublisling it well. Wlut
eleven? One sleeµs luµµily und wukes luµµily, one lus
no bud dieums, one is deui to botl lumun und non-
lumun beings, one is guuided by tle gods; nie, µoison
und swoids do not ullect one, tle mind concentiutes
quickly, tle comµlexion is cleun, one dies witlout be-
wildeiment, und il one develoµs no luitlei, one will
ieucl ut leust to tle Biulmu woild.
"6(645ö
::o. One wlose mind is lieed does not uigue witl
unyone, le does not disµute witl unyone. He mukes
use ol tle conventionul teims ol tle woild witlout
clinging to tlem.
172
"6(6450
::r. ¨Good Gotumu, loi my µuit I suy tlis, I lold
tlis view. Il unyone sµeuks ol wlut le lus seen, leuid
oi sensed, tleie is no luim in lim suying: 'Tlis is wlut
I suw, tlis is wlut I leuid, tlis is wlut I sensed.' Tleie
is no luim iesulting liom tlut.`
¨Foi my µuit, Biulmin, I do not suy tlut eveiy-
tling one lus seen, leuid oi sensed slould be sµoken
ol, und I do not suy it slould not be sµoken ol. Il one
sµeuks und unµiontuble stutes giow, one slould not
sµeuk. Il one sµeuks und µiontuble stutes giow, one
slould sµeuk ol wlut one lus seen, leuid, sensed und
undeistood.`
"6(645ro
:::. On one occusion, tle monk Visuklu ol tle
Puñculus wus teucling Dlummu in tle ussembly lull.
As tle evening uµµioucled, tle Loid, iising liom soli-
tuiy meditution, went to tle lull und sut down on u
seut mude ieudy loi lim und usked: ¨Wlo wus teucl-
ing Dlummu so well?`
¨It wus, Loid, tle monk Visuklu.`
Tlen tle Loid suid to Visuklu: ¨Well done,
Visuklu, well done. Well luve you instiucted, uµlilt-
ed, enligltened und insµiied tle monks in lunguuge
173
µolisled, distinct, liee liom iouglness, ieveuling tle
meuning, comµielensive und unbiused.` Tlen tle Loid
suid luitlei:
Il le does not sµeuk uµ, otleis know lim not;
He is }ust u wise mun mixed uµ witl lools.
But il le sµeuks ubout und teucles tle Immoitul,
Otleis will know lim.
So let lim liglt uµ tle Dlummu,
Let lim lilt tle suge's bunnei ligl.
Suges luve illuminuting sµeecl us tleii bunnei.
Dlummu is tle bunnei ol suges.
"6(645rr
::;. I luve tuuglt tle Dlummu in lull, und il one
undeistunds tle meuning ol even u stunzu ol loui lines
ol Dlummu, und is set on living in uccoidunce witl
it, one muy be culled widely leuined, one wlo knows
Dlummu by leuit.
"6(645r:
::«. Once, wlile tle Loid wus stuying neui Kosum-
bi in tle Glositu Puik, Veneiuble Uduyin, suiiounded by
u gieut gutleiing ol luymen, sut teucling tle Dlummu.
174
Now, Anundu suw tlis, so le went to tle Loid und told
lim, und tle Loid suid: ¨Tiuly, Anundu, it is not eusy
to teucl Dlummu to otleis. In teucling Dlummu to
otleis, estublisl well nve tlings, und tlen teucl. Wlut
nve? Teucl Dlummu to otleis tlinking: 'I will sµeuk
Dlummu in u giuduul wuy; I will sµeuk witl tle goul
in mind; I will sµeuk witl kindliness; I will not sµeuk
us u meuns ol guin; I will sµeuk neitlei to my own
luim, noi to tle luim ol otleis.' Foi tiuly, Anundu, it
is not eusy to teucl Dlummu to otleis. So, in teucling
Dlummu to otleis, estublisl well tlese nve tlings.`
"6(645r;
::s. Il unyone ubuses you to youi luce, stiikes you
witl u nst, tliows clods ol euitl ut you, beuts you witl
u stick oi gives you u blow witl u swoid, you must µut
uside ull woildly desiies und consideiutions und tiuin
youisell like tlis: ¨My leuit will be unwuveiing. No
evil woids slull I sµeuk. I will live witl comµussion loi
tle good ol otleis, witl u kindly leuit, witlout iesent-
ment.` Tlus must you tiuin youisell.
"6(645r«
::o. Tlis is low you slould tiuin youiselves:
¨Tlose discouises tuuglt by tle Loid ÷ deeµ, µiolound,
17S
tiunscendentul ÷ liom time to time we will sµend oui
duy in leuining tlem.` Tlut is low you slould tiuin
youiselves.
"6(645rs
::t. Potuliyu tle wundeiei cume to visit tle Loid,
gieeted lim couiteously, und sut down ut one side, und
us le did, tle Loid suid to lim: ¨Potuliyu, tleie uie tlese
loui µeisons lound in tle woild. Wlut loui? Conceining
tlis, one ciiticizes tlut wlicl deseives ciiticism ut tle
iiglt time, suying wlut is luctuul und tiue, but le does
not µiuise tlut wlicl deseives µiuise. Aguin, one sµeuks
in µiuise ol tle µiuisewoitly ut tle iiglt time, suying
wlut is luctuul und tiue, but does not ciiticize tlut wlicl
deseives ciiticism. And uguin, one neitlei ciiticizes tlut
wlicl deseives ciiticism, noi µiuises tle µiuisewoitly.
And nnully, one ciiticizes tlut wlicl deseives ciiticism
und µiuises tle µiuisewoitly, ut tle iiglt time, suying
wlut is luctuul und tiue. Now, ol tlese loui µeisons,
wlicl do you tlink is tle most udmiiuble und iuie?`
¨In my view, good Gotumu, le wlo neitlei
ciiticizes tlut wlicl deseives ciiticism noi µiuises tle
µiuisewoitly is tle most udmiiuble und iuie. And wly?
Becuuse lis indilleience is udmiiuble.`
¨Well, I muintuin tlut le wlo ciiticizes tlut
wlicl deseives ciiticism und µiuises tle µiuisewoitly,
176
ut tle iiglt time, suying wlut is luctuul und tiue ÷ le is
tle best. And wly? Becuuse lis timing is udmiiuble.`
"6(645ro
::ö. Just us tle Rivei Gunges ßows towuids, in-
clines towuids, tends towuids tle eust ÷ so too, one
wlo cultivutes und develoµs tle Noble Eigltlold Putl
ßows towuids, inclines towuids und tends towuids
Niivunu.
"6(645rt
::0. I tell you tlis: let un intelligent µeison come
to me wlo is sinceie, lonest und stiuigltloiwuid, und I
will instiuct lim, I will teucl lim Dlummu. Il le µiuc-
tises us le is tuuglt, tlen in seven yeuis le will uttuin
in tlis veiy lile by lis own knowledge und vision tlut
loi tle suke ol wlicl young men go loitl liom lome
into lomelessness, und le will ubide in it. Nevei mind
seven yeuis; le will be uble to do it in seven duys.
Now, you muy tlink: ¨Tle iecluse Gotumu only
suys tlis in oidei to get disciµles.` But tlis is not so; let le
wlo is youi teuclei be youi teuclei still. You muy tlink:
¨He wunts us to give uµ oui commundments.` But tlis is
not so; continue to live by youi commundments. Oi you
muy tlink: ¨He wunts us to give uµ oui wuy ol lile.` But
177
tlis is not so; continue to live youi wuy ol lile. Oi uguin
you muy tlink: ¨He wunts us to µiuctise tlings tlut uie
wiong oi not µiuctise tlings tlut uie iiglt, uccoiding to
oui teuclings.` But tlis is not so; continue to uvoid tle
tlings youi teucling consideis wiong, und µiuctise tle
tlings youi teucling consideis iiglt. But tleie uie un-
skilllul tlings not yet given uµ, tlings tuinted, leuding
to iebiitl, leuilul, ol µuinlul iesult in tle lutuie, tlings
ussociuted witl biitl, decuy und deutl. And it is loi tle
giving uµ ol tlese tlings tlut I teucl Dlummu. How-
evei, il you µiuctise coiiectly, tlese tuinted tlings will
be given uµ, und tle tlings tlut leud to µuiincution will
giow und develoµ. In tlis veiy lile you will uttuin tle
lullness ol µeilected wisdom by youi own knowledge
und vision, und ubide in it.
"6(645rö
:;o. Wlut µeoµle exµect to luµµen
Is olten dilleient liom wlut uctuully luµµens.
Tlus does disuµµointment uiise.
Tlis is tle wuy tle woild woiks.
"6(645r0
:;r. Tleie uie tlese tliee tyµes ol sick µeison to
be lound in tle woild. Wlut tliee?
178
Tleie is tle sick µeison wlo, wletlei le ob-
tuins tle µioµei diet, µioµei medicines, µioµei nuising
oi not, will not iecovei liom lis illness.
Aguin, tleie is tle sick µeison wlo, wletlei le
obtuins tle µioµei diet, tle µioµei medicines, tle µioµei
nuising oi not, will iecovei liom lis illness unywuy.
And uguin, tleie is tle sick µeison wlo will
iecovei liom lis illness only il le gets tle µioµei diet,
medicines und nuising.
It is loi tlis lust tyµe tlut µioµei diet, medi-
cine und nuising slould be µiesciibed, but tle otleis
slould be looked ultei ulso.
Now, tleie uie tliee tyµes ol µeison in tle
woild wlo cun be comµuied to tle tliee tyµes ol sick
µeison. Wlut tliee?
Tleie is tle µeison wlo, wletlei le gets
tle clunce ol seeing tle Tutlugutu und leuining tle
Dlummu und disciµline oi not, will not entei tle µei-
lection ol tlings tlut uie skilllul.
Aguin, tleie is tle µeison wlo, wletlei le
gets u clunce ol seeing tle Tutlugutu und leuining tle
Dlummu und disciµline oi not, will entei tle µeilec-
tion ol tlings tlut uie skilllul.
And uguin, tleie is tle µeison wlo will entei
into tle µeilection ol tlings tlut uie skilllul only il le
gets u clunce ol seeing tle Tutlugutu und leuining tle
Dlummu und disciµline.
179
It is on uccount ol tlis lust µeison tlut tle
Dlummu is µiocluimed, but it slould be tuuglt to tle
otleis ulso.
"6(645:o
:;:. How is one conceined witl lis own good und
tle good ol otleis? Conceining tlis, one is conceined
witl tle iestiuint ol gieed, lutied und delusion in lim-
sell, und le incites otleis to tle sume iestiuint.
"6(645:r
:;;. Tlese nve tlings muke one's gilt good. Wlut
nve? One gives witl ieveience, one gives tlougltlully,
one gives witl lis own lund, one gives tlings tlut uie
good, und one gives tlinking ol tle iesult.
"6(645::
:;«. Veneiuble Anundu went to tle louse, leuned
uguinst tle dooiµost und weµt, suying: ¨I um still but
u leuinei. I still luve to uttuin µeilection. But ulus, my
mustei wlo is so comµussionute towuids me is ubout to
µuss uwuy.` Tlen tle Loid usked tle monks: ¨Wleie is
Anundu?` And tley told lim wleie le wus und wlut
le wus doing. Tlen tle Loid suid: ¨Go monk, und suy
to Anundu, 'Fiiend Anundu, tle Loid culls you.'`
180
Wlen le cume, tle Loid suid to Anundu:
¨Enougl Anundu, do not ciy. Foi luve I not tuuglt tlut
it is tle nutuie ol ull tlings beloved tlut we must sullei
seµuiution liom tlem und be seveied liom tlem? Foi
tlut wlicl is boin, come to be und comµounded is ulso
sub}ect to dissolution. How could it be otleiwise? Foi u
long time luve you, Anundu, seived tle Tutlugutu witl
tlouglts, woids und deeds ol love, giuciously, µleus-
untly und witl youi wlole leuit. You luve gutleied
gieut good. Now you slould µut loitl eneigy und soon
you too will be liee liom tle denlements.`
"6(645:;
:;s. ¨Il unyone slould ciiticize me, tle Dlummu oi
tle Sunglu, you slould not on tlut uccount be ungiy,
iesentlul oi uµset. Foi il you weie, tlut would lindei
you, und you would be unuble to know wletlei tley
suid iiglt oi wiong. Would you?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨So, il otleis ciiticize me, tle Dlummu oi tle
Sunglu, tlen simµly exµluin wlut is incoiiect, suying:
'Tlut is incoiiect, tlut is not iiglt, tlut is not oui wuy,
we do not do tlut.' But ulso, il otleis slould µiuise me,
tle Dlummu oi tle Sunglu, you slould not on tlut uc-
count be µleused, }oylul oi µulled uµ. Foi il you weie,
tlut would lindei you. So, il otleis µiuise me, tle
181
Dlummu oi tle Sunglu, tlen simµly exµluin wlut is
coiiect, suying: 'Tlut is coiiect, tlut is iiglt, tlut is oui
wuy, tlut is wlut we do.`
"6(645:«
:;o. Wlen tleie is discontent, tlis woe muy be
looked loi ÷ wletlei one goes, stunds, sits oi lies, one
lus no luµµiness oi µleusuie; wletlei one lus gone to
tle loiest, to tle loot ol u tiee, to u lonely µluce, to un
oµen sµuce oi umong tle monks, one nnds no luµµi-
ness oi µleusuie. Wlen tleie is contentment, tlis good
muy be looked loi ÷ wletlei one goes, stunds, sits oi
lies, wletlei one lus gone to tle loiest, to tle loot ol u
tiee, to u lonely µluce, to un oµen sµuce oi umongst tle
monks, one nnds luµµiness und µleusuie.
"6(645:s
:;t. Mulunumu tle Sukyun cume to see tle Loid,
und suid: ¨Tlis town ol Kuµiluvuttlu is iicl, µiosµei-
ous, µoµului, ciowded witl men, tlickly µoµuluted
witl µeoµle. Now, wlen I entei tle city in tle evening
ultei wuiting on tle Loid oi tle monks, I meet witl
eleµlunts, loises, cluiiots, cuits und µeoµle, ull swuy-
ing und iolling ulong. At sucl times, my tlouglts tlut
weie nxed uµon tle Buddlu, Dlummu und Sunglu
182
uie utteily bewildeied. Tlen I tlink: 'Il I weie to die
ut tlis moment, wlut would be my lot, wleie would I
be ieboin?'`
¨Huve no leui, Mulunumu, luve no leui! Youi
deutl will be good, youi end will be good. Foi one
wlose mind lus loi u long time been µiuctised in luitl,
viitue, in leuining, in giving uµ und in wisdom, even
tlougl tle body mude ol tle loui elements is devouied
by biids und unimuls, yet tle mind ÷ il loi u long time
µiuctised in luitl, viitue, leuining, in giving uµ und
in wisdom ÷ tle mind souis ulolt, tle mind wins tle
liglest. It is }ust us il u mun weie to µlunge u }ui ol
buttei oi oil into u deeµ µool ol wutei und it weie to
be bioken; tle liugments ol tle }ui would sink to tle
bottom but tle buttei oi oil would ßout to tle toµ. So,
Mulunumu, youi mind lus loi u long time been µiuc-
tised in luitl, viitue, leuining, in giving uµ und in wis-
dom. So, luve no leui. Youi deutl will be good, youi
end will be good.`
"6(645:o
:;ö. As u mongoose uµµioucles u snuke to seize it
only ultei luving suµµlied lis own body witl medicine,
so too, tle meditutoi, tle euinest student ol meditution,
on uµµioucling tlis woild ubounding us it is in ungei
und mulice, µlugued by quuiiels, stiile, contention und
183
lutied, must unoint lis mind witl tle medicine ol
love.
"6(645:t
:;0. Tleie uie tlese loui µeisons lound in tle woild.
Wlut loui? One witl little leuining wlo does not µiont
liom lis leuining, one ol little leuining wlo does µiont
liom lis leuining, one ol gieut leuining wlo does not
µiont liom lis leuining, und one ol gieut leuining wlo
does µiont liom lis leuining. And low does one witl
little leuining not µiont liom lis leuining? In tlis cuse,
u µeison lus little leuining in tle discouises, le knows
neitlei tle lettei noi tle sµiiit, und le does not live in
uccoidunce witl tle Dlummu. And low does one witl
little leuining µiont liom lis leuining? In tlis cuse, u
µeison lus little leuining in tle discouises, but ol wlut
le knows, le undeistunds botl tle lettei und tle sµiiit,
und le lives in uccoidunce witl it. How does one witl
gieut leuining not µiont liom lis leuining? In tlis cuse,
u µeison is widely leuined in tle discouises, but le un-
deistunds neitlei tle lettei noi tle sµiiit, und does not
live in uccoidunce witl tle Dlummu. And nnully, low
does one witl gieut leuining µiont liom lis leuining?
Heie, u µeison is widely leuined in tle discouises, le
undeistunds botl tle lettei und tle sµiiit, und le lives
in uccoidunce witl tle Dlummu.
184
"6(645:ö
:«o. Bluiudvu}u usked tle Loid: ¨Wlut, good
Gotumu, is ol gieut lelµ in tle uttuinment ol tiutl? We
uie usking ubout tle tling tlut is ol gieut lelµ in tle
uttuining ol tiutl.`
¨Stiiving, Bluiudvu}u, is ol gieut lelµ in tle
uttuinment ol tiutl, loi il one did not stiive one would
not uttuin tiutl. But il one did stiive one would uttuin
tiutl.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ to stiiving?`
¨Weigling tlings uµ is ol gieut lelµ in tle ut-
tuinment ol stiiving, loi il one did not weigl tlings uµ
one would not stiive. But il one did weigl tlings uµ
one would stiive.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in weigling tlings uµ?`
¨Muking un elloit is ol gieut lelµ in weigling
tlings uµ, loi il one did not muke un elloit one would
not weigl tlings uµ. But il one did muke un elloit one
would weigl tlings uµ.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in muking un elloit?`
¨Desiie is ol gieut lelµ in muking un elloit, loi
il one did not desiie one would not muke un elloit. But
il one did desiie one would muke un elloit.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in geneiuting desiie?`
¨Aµµioving ol tlings is ol gieut lelµ in genei-
uting desiie, loi il one did not uµµiove ol tlings one
18S
would not geneiute desiie. But wlen one uµµioves ol
tlings one geneiutes desiie.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in uµµioving ol
tlings?`
¨Testing tle meuning is ol gieut lelµ in uµ-
µioving ol tlings, loi il one did not test tle meuning
one would not uµµiove ol tlings. But il one did test tle
meuning one would uµµiove ol tlings.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in testing tle
meuning?`
¨Remembeiing tle Dlummu is ol gieut lelµ in
testing tle meuning, loi il one did not iemembei tle
Dlummu one could not test tle meuning. But il one did
iemembei tle Dlummu one could test tle meuning.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in iemembeiing tle
Dlummu?`
¨Heuiing tle Dlummu is ol gieut lelµ in ie-
membeiing tle Dlummu, loi il one did not leui tle
Dlummu one could not iemembei it. But il one did
leui one could iemembei tle Dlummu.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in leuiing tle
Dlummu?`
¨Lending un eui is ol gieut lelµ in leuiing tle
Dlummu, loi il one did not lend un eui one could not
leui tle Dlummu. But il one did lend un eui one could
leui tle Dlummu.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in lending un eui?`
186
¨Diuwing close is ol gieut lelµ in lending un
eui, loi il one did not diuw close one could not lend un
eui. But il one did diuw close one could lend un eui.`
¨But wlut is ol gieut lelµ in diuwing close?`
¨Visiting is ol gieut lelµ in diuwing close, loi
il one did not visit one could not diuw close. But il one
did visit one could diuw close.`
¨Tlen, wlut is ol gieut lelµ in visiting?`
¨Fuitl is ol gieut lelµ in visiting, loi il one did
not luve luitl one would not visit. But il one did luve
luitl one would visit.`
"6(645:0
:«r. Tle Loid suid to Loliccu: ¨Is it tiue tlut you
ieuson like tlis: 'Il u iecluse oi Biulmin discoveis
some good Dlummu, le slould not teucl it to otl-
eis, loi wlut cun one mun do loi unotlei? It is }ust us
il, luving cut tliougl un old bond, one weie to muke
u new bond. Sucl u tling is un evil deed iooted in ut-
tuclment, loi wlut cun one mun do loi unotlei?'
¨Yes, Reveiend Gotumu, tlus is my ieusoning.`
¨Wlut do you tlink ubout tlis, Loliccu? You
ieside leie in Suluvutiku. Il someone weie to suy: 'Tle
Biulmin Loliccu slould en}oy ull tle ievenue und
µioduce ol Suluvutiku, ullowing notling to unyone
187
else,' would one wlo sµeuks tlus be u dungei to youi
tenunts?`
¨He would, Reveiend Gotumu.`
¨And us sucl, would le be consideiing tleii
welluie oi not?`
¨He would not.`
¨And not consideiing tleii welluie, would
le luve u leuit lull ol love loi tlem, oi one lull ol
lutied?`
¨Ol lutied, Reveiend Gotumu.`
¨And in u leuit lull ol lutied is tleie wiong
view, oi Peilect View?`
¨Wiong view.`
¨Now, il one lolds wiong views, I suy tlut
one ol two destinies iesults ÷ iebiitl in lell, oi us un
unimul.`
"6(645;o
:«:. In due time Kisu Gotumi becume µiegnunt,
und ultei ten lunui montls guve biitl to u son. But tle
clild died us soon us le wus uble to wulk. Kisu Gotumi
lud not known deutl beloie, und wlen tley cume to
iemove tle clild's body loi ciemution, sle ielused to
let tlem do so, suying to leisell: ¨I will get medicine
loi my son.` Plucing tle deud clild on lei liµ, sle went
188
liom louse to louse, usking: ¨Do you know u cuie loi
my son?` Eveiyone suid to lei: ¨Womun, you uie com-
µletely mud in seeking medicine loi youi son,` but sle
went uwuy, tlinking: ¨Tiuly, I will nnd someone wlo
knows tle iiglt medicine loi my clild.` Now, u ceituin
wise mun suw lei und tlouglt to limsell: ¨I must lelµ
lei.` So le suid: ¨Womun, I do not know il tleie is u
cuie loi youi clild, but tleie is one wlo will know,
und I know lim.`
¨Sii, wlo is it wlo will know?`
¨Womun, tle Loid will; go und usk lim.`
So, sle went to tle Loid, µuid ieveience to
lim, stood ut one side, und usked: ¨Veneiuble sii, is it
tiue us men suy tlut you know u cuie loi my clild?`
¨Yes, I know.`
¨Wlut tlen do I need?`
¨A lew mustuid seeds.`
¨I will get tlem, veneiuble sii, but in wlose
louse?`
¨Get tlem liom u louse wleie no son oi
duugltei oi uny otlei µeison lus evei died.`
¨Veiy well, sii,` Kisu Gotumi suid, und luving
µuid ieveience to tle Loid, und luving µluced tle deud
clild on lei liµ, sle went to tle villuge und stoµµed ut
tle veiy nist louse.
¨Huve you uny mustuid seeds? Tley suy tlut
will cuie my clild.` Tley guve lei tle seeds, und tlen
189
sle usked: ¨Fiiend, lus uny son oi duugltei died in tlis
louse?`
¨Wlut do you usk, womun? Tle living uie lew
und tle deud uie muny.`
¨Tlen tuke buck youi seeds, loi tley will not
cuie my clild,` sle suid, und guve buck tle seeds tley
lud given lei.
In tlis wuy, sle went liom louse to louse but
nevei did sle nnd one tlut lud tle mustuid seed tlut
sle needed, und sle tlouglt: ¨Ol! It is u dilncult tusk
tlut I luve. I tlouglt it wus only I wlo lud lost u clild,
but in eveiy villuge tle deud uie moie tlun tle living.`
Wlile sle ießected, lei leuit wlicl lud quiveied now
becume stuble.
"6(645;r
:«;. Even il low-down ciiminuls slould cut you
limb liom limb witl u double-lundled suw, il you nlled
youi mind witl lutied, you would not be µiuctising my
teuclings.
o
190
·
eµcember
4&15&.#&3r
:««. Develoµ tle meditution tlut is love, loi by so
doing, lutied will be got iid ol. Develoµ tle meditution
tlut is comµussion, loi by so doing, luiming will be got
iid ol. Develoµ tle meditution tlut is symµutletic }oy,
loi by so doing, dislike will be got iid ol. Develoµ tle
meditution tlut is equunimity, loi by so doing, sensoiy
ieuction will be got iid ol. Develoµ tle meditution on
tle imµuie, loi by so doing, uttuclment will be got iid
ol. Develoµ tle meditution tlut is tle µeiceµtion ol im-
µeimunence, loi by so doing, tle conceit ¨I um` will be
got iid ol.
4&15&.#&3:
:«s. Wlen tleie is quuiielsome tulk mucl tulk
muy be exµected, wlen tleie is mucl tulk one is ex-
cited, being excited one is uncontiolled, und wlen one
is uncontiolled tle mind is lui liom concentiution.
191
4&15&.#&3;
:«o. Tleie uie tlese six dungeis ol being uddicted
to diink: loss ol weultl, incieuse in quuiiels, ill leultl,
loss ol ieµutution, indecent exµosuie und imµuiied
intelligence.
4&15&.#&3«
:«t. Giving uµ woildly desiies, one dwells witl u
mind liee liom woildly desiies und µuiined. Giving uµ
ill-will und lutied, one dwells witl u mind nlled witl
comµussion und love loi tle welluie ol ull beings, und
µuiines tle mind ol ill-will und lutied. Giving uµ slotl
und luziness, one µeiceives tle liglt, und mindlul und
cleuily comµielending, one µuiines tle mind ol slotl
und luziness. Giving uµ iestlessness und woiiy und ie-
muining inwuidly culm, one µuiines tle mind ol iest-
lessness und woiiy. Giving uµ doubt, one dwells luving
ciossed ovei doubt, und witlout unceituinty us to wlut
is skilllul, one µuiines tle mind ol doubt.
Just us u mun wlo lud boiiowed money to de-
veloµ lis business, und wlose business lud µiosµeied,
miglt ieµuy tle money und luve enougl lelt ovei to
suµµoit u wile, und would tlink: ¨Beloie I wus in debt,
but now I um liee liom debt,` und would be glud und
luµµy becuuse ol tlut;
192
Just us u mun wlo wus sick und sulleiing,
witlout uµµetite und weuk, miglt in time ieguin lis
leultl, uµµetite und stiengtl, und would tlink: ¨Be-
loie I wus sick, but now I um leultly,` und would be
glud und luµµy becuuse ol tlut;
Just us u mun wlo is imµiisoned miglt, ultei
u time, be lieed witlout uny connscution ol lis µioµ-
eity, und would tlink: ¨Beloie I wus imµiisoned, but
now I um liee,` und would be glud und luµµy becuuse
ol tlut;
Just us u mun wlo is ensluved, not lis own
mustei, contiolled by unotlei und unuble to do us le
desiied, und wlo in time would be emunciµuted, would
tlink: ¨I wus u sluve, but now I um emunciµuted,` und
would be glud und luµµy becuuse ol tlut;
Just us u tiuvellei cuiiying goods und weultl
miglt nnd limsell in u wildeiness witl little lood und
mucl dungei, und ultei u time, miglt uiiive sule und
sound ut tle edge ol u villuge, und would tlink: ¨Be-
loie I wus in dungei, but now I um sule,` und would be
glud und luµµy becuuse ol tlut;
In tle sume wuy, us long us tle nve lindiunces
uie not given uµ, one leels indebted, sick, imµiisoned,
ensluved, lost in tle wildeiness. But wlen tle nve lin-
diunces uie given uµ, one leels liee liom debt, leultly,
liee, emunciµuted und sule. And wlen one knows tlut
tlese nve lindiunces uie given uµ, gludness uiises,
193
liom gludness comes }oy, becuuse ol }oy tle body is
tiunquil, witl u tiunquil body one is luµµy, und tle
mind ol one wlo is luµµy is concentiuted.
4&15&.#&3s
:«ö. Possessed ol two tlings in tlis veiy lile, one
lives in mucl euse und luµµiness, nimly diiected to-
wuids tle ending ol tle denlements. Wlut two? Being
tliilled by entlusiusm ut tle time loi entlusiusm, und
muking u nim elloit.
4&15&.#&3o
:«0. Wlut is liiendsliµ witl tle good? It is to lol-
low ultei, to liequent tle comµuny ol und ussociute
witl µeoµle wlo uie believeis, viituous, leuined, gen-
eious und wise; to iesoit to und consoit witl tlem, to
be devoted to tlem, entlusiustic ubout tlem, in unity
witl tlem.
4&15&.#&3t
:so. Detucled liom sense µleusuies und unskilled
stutes ol mind, one enteis und ubides in tle nist }lunu,
wlicl lus logicul und wundeiing tlouglt µiesent, und
is nlled witl u }oy und luµµiness tlut is boin ol detucl-
ment. And witl tlut }oy und luµµiness boin ol detucl-
194
ment, one sulluses, diencles, nlls und µeimeutes tle
wlole body so tlut tleie is no sµot in tle entiie body
tlut is untoucled by tlut }oy und luµµiness boin ol
concentiution.
Just us u skilled butl-uttendunt oi lis uµµien-
tice, kneuding butl µowdei wlicl lus been sµiinkled
witl wutei, loims liom it in u metul bowl u bull ol loum
liom wlicl no moistuie escuµes ÷ in tle sume wuy,
one sulluses, diencles, nlls und µeimeutes tle wlole
body so tlut no sµot is untoucled.
4&15&.#&3ö
:sr. Asuiindu ol tle Bluiudvu}u Biulmin clun
leuid tlut tle leudei ol tle clun lud gone loitl into tle
Sunglu ol tle iecluse Gotumu. Angiy und disµleused,
le went to wleie tle Loid wus und ieviled und ubused
lim witl iude, luisl woids. Wlen le lud sµoken, tle
Loid iemuined silent, und Asuiindu suid: ¨You uie de-
leuted, iecluse, you uie deleuted!` Tle Loid ieµlied:
Tle lool tlinks le lus won u buttle
Wlen le bullies witl luisl sµeecl,
But knowing low to be loibeuiing ÷
Tlut mukes one victoiious.
Tle woise ol tle two
Is le wlo, wlen ubused, ietuliutes.
19S
One wlo does not ietuliute
Wins u buttle luid to win.
Knowing tlut tle otlei µeison is ungiy,
One wlo iemuins mindlul und culm
Acts loi lis own best inteiest
And loi tle otlei's inteiest, too.
He is u leulei ol botl limsell
And tle otlei µeison ulso.
He is tlouglt u lool only by tlose
Wlo do not undeistund tle Dlummu.
4&15&.#&30
:s:. Once wlile Anundu wus dwelling neui
Kosumbi in Glositu Puik, Bluddu}i uµµioucled und
Anundu usked lim: ¨Good Bluddu}i, wlut is tle liglest
ol siglts, tle liglest ol sounds, tle liglest ol }oys, tle
liglest ol conscious stutes, tle liglest becoming?`
¨Tleie is Biulmu wlo is ull-µoweilul, none
uie moie µoweilul, ull seeing, witl gieut µowei und
dominion. To see Biulmu is tle liglest ol siglts. Tleie
uie tle gods ol iudiunt sµlendoui in wlom }oy ßows
und oveißows und wlo uttei u ciy ol ¨Joy! Ol, }oy!`
To leui tlis is tle liglest ol sounds. Tleie uie tle ull-
196
lustious gods wlo leel }oy but wlo ie}oice in silence,
und tlis is tle liglest ol }oys. Tleie uie tle gods wlo
go to tle sµleie ol notlingness, und tlis is tle liglest
ol conscious stutes. Tlen tleie uie tle gods wlo go to
tle sµleie ol neitlei-consciousness-noi-unconscious-
ness, und tlis is tle liglest becoming.`
¨But Bluddu}i, wlut you suy is }ust tle tulk ol
tle ciowd. Listen, µuy uttention, und I will sµeuk. Il,
wlile one looks, tle denlements uie destioyed, tlis is
tle liglest ol siglts. Il, wlile one ie}oices, tle denle-
ments uie destioyed, tlis is tle liglest }oy. Il, wlile
one is conscious, tle denlements uie destioyed, tlis is
tle liglest ol conscious stutes. Il, wlile one becomes,
tle denlements uie destioyed, tlis is tle liglest be-
coming.`
4&15&.#&3ro
:s;. One slould not blume unotlei
Oi desµise unyone loi uny ieuson unywleie.
Do not wisl µuin uµon unotlei
Out ol eitlei ungei oi iivuliy.
Just us u motlei µiotects lei only clild
Even ut tle iisk ol lei own lile,
Even so, one cultivutes unbounded love
Towuids ull beings in tle woild.
197
4&15&.#&3rr
:s«. Now, it muy be tlut some ol you tlink: ¨Tle
Teuclei's instiuctions luve ceused. We luve no teuclei
uny moie.` But it slould not be seen like tlis. Tlut
wlicl I luve µiocluimed, tle Dlummu und tle disci-
µline, let tlut be youi teuclei ultei I um gone.
4&15&.#&3r:
:ss. Comµussion is tlut wlicl mukes tle leuit ol
tle good move ut tle µuin ol otleis. It ciusles und de-
stioys tle µuin ol otleis; tlus, it is culled comµussion.
It is culled comµussion becuuse it slelteis und embiuces
tle distiessed.
4&15&.#&3r;
:so. Fiom tle duy tle Loid suid: ¨Foui montls
liom now I will uttuin nnul Niivunu,` tlousunds ol
men cume to wuit uµon lim. Tlose wlo lud not yet ut-
tuined tle liuits ol Stieum-Winning could not iestiuin
tleii teuis, tlose wlo lud not uttuined enligltenment
exµeiienced deeµ emotion, und wulked uiound in
smull giouµs, suying: ¨Wlut will we do?` But one monk
numed Dlummuiumu keµt seµuiute liom tle otlei
198
monks, und wlen usked: ¨Wlut is tle muttei witl you?`
÷ le guve no ieµly. He lud tlouglt to limsell: ¨Tle
Loid lus suid tlut loui montls liom now le will uttuin
nnul Niivunu und I still luve not lieed mysell liom
desiie. Tlus, wlile tle Loid lives I will stiuggle to ut-
tuin enligltenment.` Accoidingly, Dlummuiumu keµt
to limsell iecollecting, µondeiing und culling to mind
tle Loid's Dlummu. Tle monks went to tle Tutlugutu
und suid: ¨Reveiend sii, Dlummuiumu lus no ullection
loi you. Since you unnounced youi nnul Niivunu loui
montls liom now, le lus notling to do witl us.` Tle
Loid lud Dlummuiumu culled to lim und usked: ¨Is it
tiue wlut tley suy, tlut you luve notling to do witl
tle otlei monks?`
¨Yes, ieveiend sii, it is tiue.` ¨Wly do you do
tlis?`
¨I do it tlinking tlus: tle Loid lus suid tlut
loui montls liom now le will uttuin nnul Niivunu,
und I luve not lieed mysell liom desiie. Tlus, wlile
tle Loid lives I will stiuggle to uttuin enligltenment.
Accoidingly, I keeµ to mysell, iecollecting, µondeiing
und culling to mind tle Loid's Dlummu.
¨Excellent, monk, excellent,` suid tle Loid.
Tlen tle Loid uddiessed tle monks, suying:
¨Eveiy monk slould slow lis ullection loi me in tle
wuy Dlummuiumu lus done. Tley wlo lonoui me
witl guilunds, µeilume und so on lonoui me not; but
199
tley tlut µiuctise tle Dlummu in ull its µuits ÷ tley
lonoui me in tle best wuy.`
4&15&.#&3r«
:st. Tle tlouglt ol love, ol comµussion, ol symµu-
tletic }oy, ol equunimity, il cultivuted und develoµed, is
ol gieut liuit und µiont.
4&15&.#&3rs
:sö. Develoµ tle meditution tlut is like wutei, loi
in so doing, µleusunt und unµleusunt sensoiy imµies-
sions tlut luve uiisen und tuken lold ol tlouglt will
not µeisist. Just us µeoµle wusl uwuy lueces und uiine,
sµittle, µus und blood, und yet tle wutei is not tioubled,
woiiied oi disgusted ÷ even so, develoµ tle meditu-
tion tlut is like wutei.
4&15&.#&3ro
:s0. Tleie uie tlese loui µoweis. Wlut loui? Tle
µowei ol mindlulness, ol concentiution, ol innocence
und tle µowei ol slowing kindness.
200
4&15&.#&3rt
:oo. Do not be uliuid ol doing good deeds. It is un-
otlei nume loi luµµiness. I know well tlut good deeds
leud to u iiµening, u blossoming, wlicl is µleusing, }oy-
ous und luµµy loi u long time.
4&15&.#&3rö
:or. Tlese nve udvuntuges come to tle viituous
mun becuuse ol lis µiuctice ol viitue. Wlut nve? Con-
ceining tlis, tle viituous mun, µossessed ol viitue, by
ieuson ol lis euinestness, comes by gieut weultl. Tle
viituous mun, µossessed ol viitue, guins u good ieµu-
tution. Aguin, tle viituous mun, µossessed ol viitue
÷ into wlutevei comµuny le enteis, wletlei nobles,
Biulmins, louseloldeis oi iecluses ÷ le does so
conndently und unconlused. And uguin, tle viituous
mun, µossessed ol viitue, dies witlout bewildeiment.
And lustly, tle viituous mun, µossessed ol viitue, ultei
deutl is ieboin in leuven.
4&15&.#&3r0
:o:. In tlis wuy one slould diuw tlis inleience
liom onesell: ¨Tlut µeison wlo lus evil desiies und is
in tle giiµ ol evil desiies ÷ le is unµleusunt und dis-
201
ugieeuble to me. Similuily, il I weie ol evil desiie und
in tle giiµ ol evil desiie, I would be unµleusunt und
disugieeuble to otleis.` Wlen you see tlis, you slould
muke uµ youi mind to luve no evil desiies.
4&15&.#&3:o
:o;. ¨Il, witl lull comµielension, tle good Gotumu
teucles Dlummu to lis disciµles loi tle µuiincution ol
beings, loi tle oveicoming ol soiiow und desµuii, loi tle
ending ol giiel und de}ection, loi ieucling tle metlod,
loi tle uttuining ol Niivunu, tlen will tle wlole woild
uttuin it, oi lull ol it, oi u tliid?`
At tlese woids, tle Loid wus silent. Tlen
Anundu tlouglt: ¨Tlis µeison must not be ullowed to
tlink tlut tle Loid cunnot unswei tlis ull-imµoitunt
question.` So Anundu suid: ¨I will give you u simile.
Imugine u wulled town witl stiong loundutions und
toweis und u single gute, und ut tlut gute u wutclei,
sliewd und uleit, wlo lets in known µeoµle und keeµs
out stiungeis. As le µutiols tle wulls, le sees tleie is
not u lole in tle wull big enougl loi even u cut to sliµ
tliougl. And le would know tlut wlutevei cieutuies
big oi smull entei oi leuve tle town, tley ull do so by
tle gute. In tle sume wuy, us to tlut question ol youis,
tlut is not imµoitunt to tle Loid. Wlut le suys is tlis:
wloevei lus escuµed, is escuµing oi will escuµe liom
202
tle woild, tley will do it by ubundoning tle nve lin-
diunces, tlose denlements ol tle mind tlut weuken
wisdom; tley will do it witl mind well estublisled in
tle loui loundutions ol mindlulness, und by develoµ-
ing tle seven luctois ol enligltenment.`
4&15&.#&3:r
:o« Wloevei mukes love giow boundless,
And sets lis mind loi seeing tle end ol biitl,
His letteis uie woin tlin.
Il le loves even u single being,
Good will lollow.
But tle Noble One
Witl comµussionute leuit loi ull munkind
Geneiutes ubounding good.
4&15&.#&3::
:os. Wlile on toui, tle Loid uiiived in due couise
ut Puiileyyu, und tleie le stuyed ut tle Guuided Wood-
lund Tlicket ut tle loot ol u beuutilul sul tiee. And us le
medituted ulone, tlis tlouglt uiose in tle Loid's mind:
¨Beloie, wlen I wus beset by tlose monks ol Kosumbi,
tlose mukeis ol contention, quuiiels, uiguments, und
203
nglts, tlose mukeis ol legul questions witlin tle
Sunglu; I did not ubide in comloit. But now tlut I um
ulone, witlout unotlei, iemoved liom tlose conten-
tious monks, I do ubide in comloit.`
Now, ut tlut time, u ceituin luige bull eleµlunt
wus beset by otlei eleµlunts, sle-eleµlunts, culves
und bubes. Tlen it occuiied to tlut eleµlunt: ¨Now I
um beset by tlese otlei eleµlunts. I eut giuss ulieudy
cioµµed by tlem, tley eut tle biuncles I bieuk oll, I
diink wutei tley luve muddied und wlen I cioss ovei
ut tle loid tley µusl uguinst my body. Wlut il I weie
to live ulone, secluded liom tle leid.` So, tle eleµlunt
lelt tle leid und went to Puiileyyu, to tle Guuided
Woodlund Tlicket und tle beuutilul sul tiee wleie
tle Loid wus. Using lis tiunk, le µiovided tle Loid
witl wutei loi diinking und wusling, und le keµt tle
giuss down. Tlen it occuiied to tle eleµlunt: ¨Beloie,
wlen I wus beset by tlose eleµlunts, I did not ubide
in comloit. But now tlut I um ulone, witlout unotlei,
iemoved liom tle leid, I do ubide in comloit.` Tlen,
luving undeistood lis own seclusion und tle mind ol
tle eleµlunt, tle Loid utteied tlis veise:
In tlis botl miglty beings ugiee,
Tle enligltened suge und tle eleµlunt,
Witl tusks iesembling tle µoles ol µlougls ÷
Botl love tle solitude ol tle loiest.
204
4&15&.#&3:;
:oo. I do not suy tlut tle uttuinment ol µiolound
knowledge comes stiuiglt uwuy; on tle contiuiy, it
comes by u giuduul tiuining, u giuduul doing, u giuduul
µiuctice.
4&15&.#&3:«
:ot. In tle Himuluyus, tle king ol tle mountuins,
tleie uie tiucts ol lund, inuccesible µluces, inlubited by
neitlei monkey noi mun. Tleie uie otlei tiucts ol lund,
beuutilul sµots, wleie botl monkey und mun live. In
tlese µluces, lunteis set µitcl tiuµs to cutcl tle mon-
keys. Now, tle monkeys wlo uie liee liom loolislness
und gieed keeµ uwuy liom tle tiuµs. But u loolisl und
gieedy monkey comes ulong, toucles it, und gets lis
lund stuck. Tlen, tlinking to liee lis lund, le uses
tle otlei lund, but tlut gets stuck, too. To liee botl
lunds, le uses one loot wlicl gets stuck, und tlen tle
otlei loot wlicl gets stuck ulso. Hoµing to liee botl
lunds und leet, le uses lis nose, und tlut gets stuck.
And so, tiuµµed in nve wuys, le lies down und ciies,
luving lullen into misloitune und iuin, being µiey to
tle luntei wlo will do wlut le wunts witl lim. Tlis
is wlut luµµens to one wlo ioums in tle domuin ol
unotlei. Tleieloie, do not ioum in unotlei's domuin,
20S
loi by so doing, Muiu gets uccess, Muiu gets un oµµoi-
tunity. And wlut is not youi domuin but unotlei's? It
is tle nve sensuul elements. Wlut nve? Ob}ects cogniz-
uble witl tle eye, sounds witl tle eui, smells witl tle
nose, tustes witl tle tongue, und toucles cognizuble
witl tle body ÷ ull ol tlem desiiuble, µleusunt, de-
ligltlul, wunted, inciting µussion und lust. And wlut is
youi own domuin, youi own nutuiul teiiitoiy? It is tle
loui loundutions ol mindlulness.
4&15&.#&3:s
:oö. By tle stoµµing ol logicul und wundei-
ing tlouglts, by guining innei tiunquillity und one-
µointedness ol mind, one enteis und ubides in tle
second }lunu, wlicl is witlout logicul und wundeiing
tlouglt, und is nlled witl u }oy und luµµiness boin ol
concentiution. And witl tlut }oy und luµµiness boin
ol concentiution, one sulluses, diencles, nlls und µei-
meutes tle wlole body so tlut tleie is no sµot in tle
entiie body tlut is untoucled by tlut }oy und luµµi-
ness boin ol concentiution. Just us in u µool led by u
sµiing, witl no inlets in uny diiection, wleie tle iuin
god sends down liglt sloweis liom time to time, tle
cool wutei welling uµ liom u sµiing below would sul-
luse, nll und µeimeute tlut µool witl cool wutei so tlut
206
no µuit would iemuin untoucled by it in tle sume wuy,
one sulluses, diencles, nlls und µeimeutes tle wlole
body so tlut no sµot is untoucled.
4&15&.#&3:o
:o0. Good leultl is tle liglest guin,
And contentment is tle gieutest weultl.
Tiust is tle best ol kinsmen,
And Niivunu is tle liglest luµµiness.
4&15&.#&3:t
:to. Tle Loid uµµioucled tle leimituge ol tle
Biulmin Rummuku wleie u luige numbei ol monks
luµµened to be sitting, tulking ubout Dlummu. Tle
Loid stood outside tle µoicl wuiting loi tle tulk to nn-
isl, und wlen it lud, le cougled, knocked ut tle bui,
und tle monks oµened tle dooi. He sut down on tle uµ-
µointed seut und usked: ¨Wlut weie you tulking ubout
monks? Wlut wus tle tulk tlut lus }ust stoµµed?`
¨We weie tulking ubout you, Loid.`
¨It is good loi you wlo uie young men liom
good lumilies, wlo luve gone loitl
.
liom lome into
lomelessness, tlut wlen you meet togetlei you sµeuk
eitlei ubout Dlummu oi obseive noble silence.`
207
4&15&.#&3:ö
:tr. Tleie uie tlese loui wuys ol unsweiing ques-
tions. Wlut loui? Tleie-is tle question tlut iequiies u
cutegoiicul ieµly, tlut wlicl iequiies u countei ques-
tion, tlut wlicl must be µut uside und tlut wlicl ie-
quiies u disciiminuting ieµly.
4&15&.#&3:0
:t:. In wlut wuy could one suy: ¨Tle iecluse
Gotumu is un unnililutionist, le teucles tle doctiine
ol unnililution,` und be sµeuking coiiectly? I teucl tle
unnililution ol gieed, lutied und delusion. I µiocluim
tle unnililution ol evil unskilled stutes. It is in tlis wuy
tlut one could suy: ¨Tle iecluse Gotumu is un unnili-
lutionist, le teucles tle doctiine ol unnililution,` und
be sµeuking coiiectly.
4&15&.#&3;o
:t;. Tle Biulmin Unnublu usked Veneiuble
Anundu: ¨Wlut is tle uim ol living tle loly lile undei
tle iecluse Gotumu?`
¨It is loi tle suke ol ubundoning desiie.`
¨Is tleie u wuy, u µiuctice by wlicl to ubun-
don tlis desiie?` ¨Tleie is u wuy ÷ it is by meuns ol
208
tle µsyclic µoweis ol desiie, eneigy, tlouglt und con-
sideiution togetlei witl concentiution und elloit.`
¨Il tlut is so, Veneiuble Anundu, tlen it is u
tusk witlout end. Becuuse to get iid ol one desiie by
meuns ol unotlei is imµossible.`
¨Tlen I will usk you u question; unswei us you
like. Beloie, did you not luve tle desiie, tle eneigy,
tle tlouglt und consideiution to come to tlis µuik?
And luving uiiived, did not tlut desiie, tlut eneigy,
tlut tlouglt und tlut consideiution ceuse?`
¨Yes, it did.`
¨Well, loi one wlo lus destioyed tle denle-
ments, once le lus won enligltenment, tlut desiie,
tlut eneigy, tlut tlouglt und tlut consideiution le
lud loi enligltenment lus now ceused.`
o
209
o
ccober
0$50#&3r
:t«. Suµµose u loolisl buby boy lying on lis buck
weie, owing to tle cuielessness ol lis nuise, to µut u
stick oi u stone into lis moutl. His nuise would imme-
diutely uttend to tle muttei und iemove it. And il sle
could not get it out immediutely, sle would lold tle
clild's leud witl lei lelt lund, und witl tle nngei ol
lei iiglt lund, sle would get it out, even il sle lud to
diuw blood. And wly? Becuuse sucl u tling is u dun-
gei to tle clild, luimless by no meuns. Also, tle nuise
would do sucl u tling out ol love loi tle clild's benent,
out ol kindness und comµussion. But wlen tlut boy is
oldei und moie wise, tlen tle nuise need no longei
look ultei lim, tlinking: ¨Tle boy cun look ultei lim-
sell, le is done witl loolislness.`
In tle sume wuy, il, due to luck ol luitl, con-
scientiousness, leui ol blume, eneigy und wisdom,
good tlings uie not µiuctised by one, tlen one must be
wutcled ovei by me. But wlen good tlings uie µiuc-
tised, tlen I need not look ultei one, tlinking: ¨He cun
now look ultei limsell; le is done witl loolislness.`
210
0$50#&3:
:ts. Wlen you uie living togetlei, in luimony
und witlout contention, u ceituin µeison miglt com-
mit un ollence, u tiunsgiession. Conceining tlis you
slould not lusten to ieµiool, tle µeison slould be ex-
umined. In coiiecting lim you miglt tlink: ¨I won't
get unnoyed, noi will le, loi le is witlout wiutl und
ungei, le is quick to see und eusy to convince. I luve
tle µowei to iuise tlis individuul liom wlut is unskill-
lul und estublisl lim in wlut is skilled.` Il you tlink
tlis tlen it is iiglt to sµeuk. Il you tlink: ¨I won't get
unnoyed but le will, loi le is wiutllul, ungiy und slow
to see but le is eusy to convince. I luve tle µowei to
iuise tlis individuul liom wlut is unskilllul und estub-
lisl lim in wlut is skilled. His unnoyunce is but u smull
tling, tle gieut tling is tlut I um uble to estublisl lim
in tle skilled.` Il you tlink tlis tlen it is iiglt to sµeuk.
Il you tlink: ¨I will get unnoyed but le won't, loi le is
witlout wiutl und ungei, quick to see but dilncult to
convince. But I luve tle µowei to iuise tlis individuul
liom wlut is unskilllul und estublisl lim in tle skilled,
und my unnoyunce is but u smull tling. Tle gieut tling
is tlut I um uble to estublisl lim in tle skilled.` Il you
tlink tlis tlen it is iiglt to sµeuk. Il you tlink: ¨I will
get unnoyed und le will be iiiituted loi le is wiutllul,
ungiy, slow to see und luid to convince. But still, I luve
211
tle µowei to iuise tlis individuul liom wlut is unskill-
lul und estublisl lim in tle skilled. My unnoyunce is
but u smull tling ÷ tle gieut tling is tlut I um uble to
estublisl lim in tle skilled.` Il you tlink tlis tlen it is
iiglt to sµeuk.
Howevei, il you tlink: ¨I will get unnoyed und
so will le, loi le is wiutllul, ungiy, slow to see und
dilncult to convince, und I don't tlink I luve tle µowei
to iuise tlis individuul liom tle unskilled und estublisl
lim in tle skilled,` tlen in tlis cuse luve equunimity
towuids sucl u µeison.
0$50#&3;
:to. Foui tlings sline in tle woild,
A nltl you will not nnd.
By duy tle sun slines und by niglt tle moon.
Fiie gives liglt botl duy und niglt,
Botl leie und tleie.
But ol ull tlings tlut sline,
A Buddlu is tle best.
0$50#&3«
:tt. Wlut soit ol µeison slould not be lollowed? In
tlis cuse, u µeison wlo is inleiioi to onesell in moiulity,
212
concentiution und wisdom is not to be lollowed, seived
oi lonouied exceµt out ol consideiution und comµussion
loi lim. And wlut soit ol µeison slould be lollowed? In
tlis cuse, u µeison wlo is equul to onesell in moiulity,
concentiution und wisdom slould be lollowed, seived
und lonouied, tlinking: ¨As we uie botl µioncient in
moiulity, concentiution und wisdom, oui conveisution
will centei on tlese tlings und it will contiibute to oui
µiont und comloit.` And wlut soit ol µeison is to be
lollowed, seived, lonouied, und woisliµµed witl iev-
eience? In tlis cuse, u µeison wlo is suµeiioi to onesell
in moiulity, concentiution und wisdom slould nist be
ieveiently woisliµµed und tlen lollowed, seived, und
lonouied, tlinking: ¨In tlis wuy I slull comµlete tle
moiulity, concentiution und wisdom wlicl is not yet
comµlete und suµµlement tlut wlicl is.`
0$50#&3s
:tö. Il, loi }ust us long us it tukes to snuµ u nngei,
u monk tlinks, develoµs und gives uttention to tle
tlouglt ol love, tlen sucl u one is culled u tiue monk.
His meditution is not buiien. He ubides lollowing tle
Teuclei's instiuctions. He is one wlo tukes good ud-
vice und euts tle countiy's ulms-lood to good µuiµose.
Wlut tlen could I suy ol one wlo mukes mucl ol sucl
u tlouglt?
213
0$50#&3o
:t0. Wlen one is wulking, le comµielends: ¨I um
wulking,` oi wlen le is stunding still, le comµielends:
¨I um stunding still,` oi wlen le is sitting down, le
comµielends: ¨I um sitting down,` oi wlen le is ly-
ing down, le comµielends: ¨I um lying down.` So tlut,
lowevei lis body is disµosed, le comµielends tlut it
is like tlut. Aguin, wlen le is going oi coming, le ucts
in u cleuily conscious wuy; wlen le is looking in liont
oi belind, wlen le lus bent oi stietcled out lis uim,
wlen le is cuiiying lis clouk, iobe und bowl, le is one
wlo ucts in u cleuily conscious wuy. Wlen le is euting,
diinking, clewing und tusting, wlen le is going to tle
toilet, wlen le is wulking, stunding, sitting, usleeµ oi
uwuke, tulking oi silent, le is one wlo ucts in u cleuily
conscious wuy. Wlile le is in tlis wuy ÷ diligent, ui-
dent, sell-iesolute ÷ tlose memoiies und µluns tlut
uie woildly uie got iid ol, und so by itsell tle mind is
inwuidly settled, culmed, locussed und concentiuted.
In tlis wuy does one develoµ mindlulness ol tle body.
0$50#&3t
:öo. ¨Suµµose u ciowd weie to ßock togetlei, ciy-
ing: 'Tle luiiest giil in tle lund, tle luiiest giil in tle
lund!' And tlut giil, disµluying ull lei cluims, would
214
dunce und sing loi tlem und u still gieutei ciowd would
gutlei. Tlen suµµose u mun cume ulong, lond ol lile,
not liking deutl, lond ol luµµiness, uveise to µuin, und
tley weie to suy to lim: 'See leie, my mun, leie's u
bowl biimlul ol oil. You must cuiiy it uiound umongst
tle ciowd. Belind you will come u mun witl un uµlilt-
ed swoid, und il you sµill u dioµ, oll comes youi leud.'
Now, wlut do you tlink? Would tlut mun, neglecting
tle bowl, tuin lis uttention to outside tlings und giow
sluck?`
¨Suiely not, Loid.`
¨Well, tlis is u µuiuble I luve mude loi youi
undeistunding, und tlis is its meuning. Tle bowl biim-
lul ol oil is u teim loi mindlulness ol tle body. So, tlis
is low you slould tiuin youisell: ¨We slull cultivute
mindlulness ol tle body, we slull muke mucl ol it,
muke it u velicle, estublisl it, muke inellective. It slull
be incieused und well uµµlied.`
0$50#&3ö
:ör. Tle Veneiuble Suiiµuttu suid: ¨Wlen one wlo
teucles wisles to teucl unotlei, let lim estublisl well
nve tlings und tlen teucl. Wlut nve?
Let lim tlink: 'I will sµeuk ut tle iiglt time,
not ut tle wiong time. I will sµeuk ubout wlut is, not
21S
ubout wlut is not. I will sµeuk witl gentleness, not witl
luislness. I will sµeuk ubout tle goul, not ubout wlut
is not tle goul. I will sµeuk witl u mind nlled witl
love, not witl u mind nlled witl ill-will.' Wlen one
wlo teucles wisles to teucl unotlei, let lim estublisl
well tlese nve tlings.`
0$50#&30
:ö:. Rolitussu, u son ol tle gods, wlen tle niglt
wus luding cume to see tle Loid, liglting uµ ull tle
Jetu Giove witl suiµussing biilliunce, und suluting lim
stood to one side und usked: ¨Loid, is it µossible by go-
ing lui to know, to see, to ieucl tle end ol tle woild,
wleie tleie is no moie being boin, giowing old, dying,
no moie iolling uwuy liom one existence und iising
into unotlei?`
¨I suy tlut tle end ol tle woild cunnot be
known, seen oi ieucled by going.`
¨Wondeilul! Muivellous! Tlis is well suid by
tle Loid. In my lust biitl I wus u suge culled Rolitussu,
son ol Blo}u. I lud sucl µsyclic µowei tlut I could
wulk in tle sky und my sµeed wus sucl tlut I could
go lustei tlun un uiiow. Tle extent ol my stiide wus
tle distunce between tle eust und west oceun. And I
tlouglt to mysell. 'I will ieucl tle end ol tle woild by
going.' Exceµt loi time sµent euting, diinking und un-
216
sweiing tle cull ol nutuie, exceµt loi stiuggles to bun-
isl sleeµ und weuiiness, tlougl I lived und tiuvelled
u lundied yeuis, I nevei ieucled tle end ol tle woild,
but died tiying.`
¨I suy tlut tle ending ol sulleiing cunnot be
lound witlout going to tle end ol tle woild. And witl-
in tlis six loot body witl its µeiceµtions und tlouglts
is tle woild, tle oiigin ol tle woild, tle ending ol
tle woild und tle µiuctice leuding to tle end ol tle
woild.`
0$50#&3ro
:ö;. It is suid tlut tle Sukyuns und tle Koliyuns
dummed tle wuteis ol tle Rolini Rivei between
Kuµiluvuttlu und Koliyu und cultivuted tle nelds on
botl sides ol tle iivei. In tle montl ol Jettlumülu,
tle cioµs begun to wilt, und tle lubouieis emµloyed
by botl cities ussembled. Tlose ol Koliyu suid: ¨Il tle
wutei is diveited to botl sides ol tle iivei tleie will
not be enougl loi botl ol us. As oui cioµs will iiµen
witl u single wuteiing, let us luve tle wutei.` But tle
Sukyuns ieµlied: ¨Altei youi giunuiies uie lull, we will
not be uble to luce tuking oui vuluubles und witl bus-
ket und bugs in lund, going liom dooi to dooi, begging
liom you. Oui cioµs will iiµen witl u single wuteiing,
so let us luve tle wutei.`
217
¨We will not give it to you.`
¨And we will not let you luve it.`
Tulk giew bittei, one µeison stiuck unotlei,
tle blow wus ietuined, nglting bioke out, und us
tley louglt tley cust usµeisions uµon tle oiigin ol
tle two ioyul lumilies. Tle Koliyun lubouieis suid:
¨Tuke youi clildien und go wleie you belong. How
cun we be luimed by tle eleµlunts, loises, slields
und weuµons ol tlose, wlo like dogs und }uckuls,
luve colubited witl tleii own sisteis?` Tle Sukyun
lubouieis ieµlied: ¨You leµeis, tuke youi clildien und
go wleie you belong. How cun we be luimed by tle
eleµlunts, loises, slields und weuµons ol destitute
outcusts wlo live uµ }u}ube tiees like unimuls. Botl
giouµs went und ieµoited tle quuiiel to tle ministeis
wlo weie in cluige ol tle woik, wlo in tuin ieµoited
it to tle ioyul louselolds. Tle Sukyuns µieµuied loi
buttle, suying: ¨We will slow tle stiengtl und µowei
ol tlose wlo luve colubited witl tleii sisteis.` Tle
Koliyuns µieµuied loi buttle, suying: ¨We will slow
tle stiengtl und µowei ol tlose wlo live uµ }u}ube
tiees.`
As tle Loid suiveyed tle woild ut duwn le
suw lis kinsmen und tlouglt: ¨Il I do not go, tlese
men will destioy eucl otlei. It is my duty to go to
tlem.` He µussed tliougl tle uii to wleie lis kinsmen
weie gutleied, und seuted limsell cioss-legged in tle
218
uii in tle middle ol tle Rolini Rivei. Wlen tley suw
lim, tle Loid's kinsmen tliew down tleii weuµons
und woisliµµed lim. Tlen tle Loid suid: ¨Wlut is tlis
quuiiel ubout, gieut king?`
¨We know not, ieveiend sii.`
¨Tlen wlo would know?`
¨Tle commundei-in-cliel ol tle uimy will
know.`
Wlen usked, tle commundei-in-cliel sug-
gested tle viceioy miglt know. Tlus tle Loid usked
one ultei tle otlei witl none ol tlem knowing tle
cuuse ol tle quuiiel, until tle lubouieis weie usked.
Tley ieµlied: ¨Tle quuiiel is ubout tle wutei.`
Tlen tle Loid suid to tle king: ¨Wlut is tle
vulue ol wutei, gieut king?`
¨Veiy little, ieveiend sii.`
¨Wlut is tle vulue ol u wuiiioi?`
¨A wuiiioi, ieveiend sii, is beyond µiice.`
Tlen tle Loid suid: ¨It is not iiglt tlut loi u
little wutei you slould kill wuiiiois wlo uie beyond
µiice.` Tley weie ull silent. ¨Gieut kings, wly do you
uct tlus? Weie I not leie toduy, you would cuuse u
iivei ol blood to ßow. Youi uctions uie unwoitly. You
live in lutied, given to tle nve kinds ol lutied. I live
lull ol love. You live sick witl µussions. I live liee liom
sickness. You live clusing ultei tle nve kinds ol sense
µleusuies. I live in contentment.
219
0$50#&3rr
:ö«. Conquei ungei witl love,
Evil witl good,
Meunness witl geneiosity,
And lies witl tiutl.
0$50#&3r:
:ös. ¨He ubused me, le lit me,
He oµµiessed me, le iobbed me.`
Tlose wlo continue to lold sucl tlouglts
Nevei still tleii lutied.
¨He ubused me, le lit me,
He oµµiessed me, le iobbed me.`
Tlose wlo do not continue to lold sucl tlouglts
Soon still tleii lutied.
Foi in tlis woild,
Hutied is nevei uµµeused by moie lutied;
It is love tlut conqueis lutied.
Tlis is un eteinul luw.
0$50#&3r;
:öo. Benuies clotl lus u beuutilul coloui, it is
µleusunt to toucl, und is ol gieut vulue. Even Benuies
220
clotl ol middling quulity oi woin out Benuies clotl is
tle sume. Peoµle use woin out Benuies clotl to wiuµ
gems in, oi tley luy it uµ in u scented clest. In tle sume
wuy, il u beginnei is viituous und ol lovely nutuie, tlis
I cull lis beuutilul coloui. Tlose wlo lollow lim und
keeµ lis comµuny, wlo µuy deleience to lim und come
to sluie lis views nnd it to tleii benent und luµµiness
loi u long time. Tlis is wlut I cull lis being µleusunt
to toucl. Also tlose wlo give lim gilts nnd it to tleii
gieut udvuntuge. Tlis I cull lis being ol gieut woitl.
And it is tle sume loi u disciµle ol middling stunding
und un eldei. Now suµµose un eldei is sµeuking to un
ussembly. As le sµeuks, tley would suy: ¨Silence, tlis
eldei is teucling Dlummu und disciµline.` Tlus, lis
woids become u tieusuie to be luid uµ, }ust us µeoµle
luy uµ Benuies clotl in u scented clest. So, tlis is low
you slould tiuin youiselves: ¨We will be like Benuies
clotl, not like couise clotl.`
0$50#&3r«
:öt. Tle enligltened µeison seives us u guide to
tle blind, slowing tlem tle iiglt µutl. He gives tle
deul signuls by lund gestuies, und in tlut wuy bene-
nts tlem witl good. He does tle sume witl tle dumb.
To ciiµµles le gives u cluii velicle oi otlei meuns ol
conveyunce. He stiives to develoµ luitl in tle luitlless,
221
zeul in tle luzy, mindlulness in tle conlused, concen-
tiution in tlose wlose minds wundei, und wisdom in
tle dull. He stiives to disµel sense desiie, ill-will, slotl
und luziness, iestlessness und woiiy, und doubt in
tlose obsessed by tlese lindiunces. He stiives to dis-
µel tlouglts ol sensuulity, ill-will und violence in tlose
oµµiessed by sucl tlouglts. Out ol giutitude to tlose
wlo luve lelµed lim, le lelµs und iesµects tlem witl
tle sume oi gieutei benents in ietuin; lis sµeecl is
liiendly und lis woids uie endeuiing.
0$50#&3rs
:öö. At one time, tle Loid wus stuying neui Aluvi,
ut tle cowµutl in tle Simsuµu Giove, lodging on tle
leul-stiewn giound. Now, Huttluku ol Aluvi wus wulk-
ing ubout, und le suw tle Loid seuted umong tle leuves.
He uµµioucled lim und usked: ¨Piuy, sii, do you live
luµµily?`
¨Yes, my boy, I live luµµily. Ol ull tle µeoµle in
tle woild, I um tle luµµiest.`
¨But sii, tlese wintei niglts uie cold ÷ tle
duik lull ol tle montl is u time ol liost. Tle giound
lus been tiumµled luid by tle cuttle's looves; tle
cuiµet ol lullen leuves is tlin. Tleie uie lew leuves on
tle tiees, youi yellow iobe is tlin, und tle winds blow
cold.`
222
¨Desµite tlis, I still live luµµily. I will usk you u
question; unswei us you wisl. Wlut do you tlink? Suµ-
µose u mun lus u louse witl u gubled iool, µlusteied
inside und out witl well-ntting doois und windows.
Inside is u coucl sµieud witl u long ßeeced woolen
iug, u bedsµieud ol wlite wool, u covei embioideied
witl ßoweis, sµieud witl u costly unteloµe skin, witl
u cunoµy oveileud, und scuilet cuslions ut eucl end.
Tle lumµ is buining und loui wives wuit on lim witl
ull tleii cluims. Would sucl u mun be luµµy oi not?`
¨Yes, sii, le would be luµµy.`
¨Well, wlut do you tlink? Is it not µossible tlut
distiess ol body und mind due to gieed, lutied oi delu-
sion could uiise in lim, cuusing lim to leel unluµµy?`
¨Yes, sii, tlut is µossible.`
¨Well, my boy, tlut gieed, lutied und delusion
tlut could cuuse distiess ol body und mind lus been
ubundoned by tle Tutlugutu, cut oll ut tle ioot, mude
like u µulm tiee stumµ tlut cunnot giow uguin in tle
lutuie. And tlut is wly I live luµµily.`
0$50#&3ro
:ö0. A dewdioµ sticks not to u lotus leul,
A lotus ßowei is untoucled by wutei.
Tle suge clings to notling ut ull,
Not to tle seen, tle leuid oi tle sensed.
223
0$50#&3rt
:0o. Tle Loid is uwukened, le teucles tle
Dlummu loi uwukening; tle Loid is tumed, le
teucles tle Dlummu loi tuming; tle Loid is culmed,
le teucles tle Dlummu loi culming; tle Loid lus
ciossed ovei, le teucles tle Dlummu loi ciossing
ovei; tle Loid lus uttuined Niivunu, le teucles
Dlummu loi tle uttuining ol Niivunu.
0$50#&3rö
:0r. At tlut time, u ceituin monk went to lis lel-
low monk und usked: ¨Fiiend, low is undeistunding
lully µuiined?`
¨Wlen one sees us it ieully is tle uiising und
ceusing ol tle sixlold sense buse, tlen undeistunding
is lully µuiined.`
But dissutisned witl tlut unswei, tlut monk
went on to unotlei monk und usked tle sume question,
und le wus told: ¨Fiiend, wlen one sees us it ieully is
tle uiising und ceusing ol tle clinging uggiegutes, tlen
undeistunding is lully µuiined.`
But uguin tlut monk wus dissutisned witl
tlut unswei, so le went to unotlei monk, usked tle
sume question, und wus told: ¨Fiiend, wlen one sees
224
us it ieully is tle uiising und ceusing ol tle loui gieut
elements, tlen undeistunding is lully µuiined.`
But still dissutisned witl tlut unswei, le went
to yet unotlei monk, µut lis question uguin, und tlut
monk ieµlied: ¨Fiiend, wlen one sees us it ieully is tlut
eveiytling tlut uiises ulso µusses uwuy, tlen undei-
stunding is lully µuiined.`
Still dissutisned witl ull tlese unsweis, tlut
monk uµµioucled tle Loid und told lim ol tle ques-
tion le lud usked und tle ieµlies le lud ieceived. Tlen
le uddiessed tle Loid und suid: ¨Loid, low is undei-
stunding lully µuiined?`
¨Suµµose,` suid tle Loid, ¨u mun lus nevei seen
u kimsuku tiee so le goes to u mun wlo lus, und usks:
'Wlut is u kimsuku tiee like?' And tlut mun ieµlies: 'Well,
my mun, u kimsuku tiee is bluckisl, sometling like u
cluiied stumµ.' So, loi tle time being, tle tiee is to lim
us tle otlei mun sees it. Not sutisned witl tlis unswei to
lis question le goes to unotlei mun wlo lus seen one,
und uguin µuts lis question. And tle otlei mun unsweis:
'Well, my mun, u kimsuku tiee is ieddisl, sometling like
u lumµ ol meut.' So, loi tle time being, tle tiee is to lim
us tle otlei mun sees it. Still not sutisned, le goes to
unotlei mun wlo lus seen u kimsuku tiee und µuts lis
question to lim. And tle otlei mun unsweis: 'Well, my
mun, u kimsuku tiee lus no buik und its seed µods buist
sometling like un ucuciu tiee.' So, loi tle time being, tle
22S
tiee is to lim us tle otlei mun sees it. Still dissutisned,
le goes to unotlei mun wlo lus seen u kimsuku tiee
und µuts lis question yet uguin. And tlut mun unsweis:
'Well, u kimsuku tiee lus tlick leuves und gives close
slude sometling like u bunyun tiee.' So, loi tle time be-
ing, tle tiee is to lim us tle otlei mun sees it. All tlese
good lolk luve given tleii exµlunutions uccoiding to tle
µuiity ol tleii undeistunding. In tle sume wuy tle un-
deistunding ol tle monks you luve usked lus been µuii-
ned uccoiding to tleii individuul inclinutions und tley
luve given tleii exµlunutions uccoidingly.`
0$50#&3r0
:0:. At tlut time tleie wus u neice eleµlunt in
Ru}ugulu, u mun-killei culled Nulugiii. Tlen Devuduttu
enteied Ru}ugulu und went to tle eleµlunt stuble und
suid to tle mulouts: ¨I um u ielutive ol tle king. I um
cuµuble ol µutting one wlo is in u low µosition into
u ligl µosition, und ol biinging ubout un incieuse in
lood und wuges. So, my good lellows, wlen tle iecluse
Gotumu is coming ulong tle cuiiiuge ioud, let loose
Nulugiii und send lim down tle ioud.`
¨Veiy well, lonouied sii,` tlose mulouts suid
to Devuduttu. In tle moining tle Loid diessed, und
tuking lis iobe, enteied tle city loi ulms-lood, togetl-
ei witl seveiul otlei monks. As tley went down tle
226
ioud, tle mulouts ieleused Nulugiii. He suw tle Loid
coming in tle distunce, und lilting uµ lis tiunk und
muking lis euis und tuil eiect, le iusled towuids lim.
Tle monks suw Nulugiii coming und suid to tle Loid:
¨Loid, tlis eleµlunt is u neice mun-killei. Tuin buck.`
¨Do not be uliuid, monks, loi it is imµos-
sible, it cunnot luµµen tlut someone could kill tle
Tutlugutu; tle Tutlugutu cunnot uttuin nnul Niivunu
due to violence.`
A second und tliid time tley sµoke to tle
Loid. Peoµle climbed on to tle iools ol tle louses,
wuiting. Tlose witl little luitl, tlose wlo weie not
believeis, suid: ¨Tlis gieut iecluse is beuutilul indeed,
but le will be luimed by tlis bull eleµlunt.` But tlose
witl luitl, tlose wlo weie believeis, suid: ¨Good siis,
soon tlis bull eleµlunt will conliont u tiuly gieut be-
ing.` Tlen tle Loid sullused Nulugiii witl u mind lull
ol love, und tle eleµlunt loweied lis tiunk, went uµ
to tle Loid, und stood beside lim. Tle Loid stioked
Nulugiii's loieleud witl lis iiglt lund und uddiessed
tlese veises to lim:
O eleµlunt, do not stiike u tiuly gieut being,
Foi to do so is µuinlul indeed.
Foi one wlo sluys u gieut being, O eleµlunt,
Tleie is no good iebiitl, wlen one deµuits
liom leie.
227
Be not µioud, be not ieckless,
Oi tleie will be no good iebiitl.
Act in sucl u wuy us to luve u good iebiitl.
Tlen Nulugiii took dust liom tle Loid's leet witl lis
tiunk, und sµiinkled it ovei lis own leud, und tlen
bucked uwuy bowing wlile le keµt lis guze on tle
Loid. He ietuined to tle stuble und stood in lis own
µluce, und in tlis wuy wus nnully tumed. Tlen µeoµle
ut tlut time sung tlis veise:
Some uie tumed by sticks, by gouds oi by wliµs.
Tle eleµlunt wus tumed by tle gieut seei,
Witlout stick oi weuµon.
Peoµle disµuiuged und ciiticized Devuduttu widely,
suying: ¨Tlis Devuduttu is evil und inuusµicious in tlut
le tiied to muidei tle iecluse Gotumu wlo is ol sucl
gieut µsyclic µowei und mu}esty.` And Devuduttu's
ieµutution declined wlile tle Loid's giew.
0$50#&3:o
:0;. Fuitl is tle best weultl one cun luve.
0$50#&3:r
:0«. Wlut is tle tieusuie ol leuining? Conceining
tlis, u noble disciµle lus leuint mucl; tleie is u ietuin-
228
ing und u stoiing ol tlings leuint; tlose tlings lovely
in tle beginning, lovely in tle middle und lovely ut tle
end, wlicl set loitl tle meuning und detuil ol tle loly
lile, uie ull leuint by lim, ietuined in mind, lumiliui-
ized by discussion, µondeied ovei und well µenetiuted
by Peilect View. Tlis is tle tieusuie ol leuining.
0$50#&3::
:0s. Possessed ol nve quulities, u sick mun is ol
mucl lelµ to limsell. Wlut nve? He knows wlut medi-
cine is good loi lim, le knows tle iiglt meusuie in lis
tieutment, le tukes tle medicine, le desciibes lis ill-
ness to tle one wlo nuises lim out ol kindness, suying:
¨In going, it goes like tlis; in coming, it comes like tlis;
wlile tleie, it is like tlis,` und le is one wlo enduies
tle vuiious µuins ol tle sickness.
0$50#&3:;
:0o. Suy one dwells contemµluting tle body ÷
uident, cleuily conscious und mindlul ÷ luving µut
uside tle uttiuction und ieµulsion ol tle woild. As le
does tlis, eitlei some bodily leeling uiises, bodily dis-
comloit uiises, oi diowsiness scutteis lis tlouglts to
229
exteinul tlings. Tlen lis uttention slould be diiected
to some µleusuiuble ob}ect oi tlouglt. Huving done
tlut, deliglt sµiings uµ in lim; being deliglted, luµµi-
ness uiises, und tle mind tlut is luµµy is concentiuted.
Tlen le tlinks: ¨Tle uim on wlicl I set my mind is
now uttuined. Come, let me witldiuw my mind liom
tlut µleusunt tlouglt.` So, le witldiuws lis mind
liom tlut, und neitlei stuits noi cuiiies on tlouglt
µiocesses.
0$50#&3:«
:0t. Possessing nve quulities, one wlo nuises tle
sick is nt to nuise tle sick. Wlut nve? He cun µieµuie
tle medicine; le knows wlut is good und wlut is not
÷ wlut is good le olleis, und wlut is not le does not;
le nuises tle sick out ol love, not out ol loµe loi guin;
le is unmoved by exciement, uiine, vomit und sµittle;
und, liom time to time le cun instiuct, insµiie, glud-
den und sutisly tle sick witl tulk on Dlummu.
0$50#&3:s
:0ö. Kussuµu suid to tle Loid: ¨Reveiend Gotumu,
it is luid to be u tiue iecluse; it is luid to be u tiue
Biulmin.`
230
¨Tlut is wlut tle woild suys. But il u nuked iec-
luse weie to µiuctise ull kinds ol sell-toituie, und il tlis
wus tle meusuie ol dilnculty, tlen it would not be tiue
to suy: 'It is luid to be u tiue iecluse; it is luid to be u
tiue Biulmin.' Becuuse unyone, u louseloldei, lis son,
even u sluve giil wlo diuws wutei could go nuked oi
µiuctise sell-toituie. But tleie is unotlei tyµe ol usceti-
cism becuuse ol wlicl it is tiue to suy: 'It is luid to be
u tiue iecluse; it is luid to be u tiue Biulmin.' Wlen u
monk develoµs u mind witlout lutied oi ill-will, lull ol
love, und by tle destiuction ol tle denlements dwells
witl u mind lieed tliougl insiglt, tlen tlut monk is u
tiue iecluse, u tiue Biulmin.`
0$50#&3:o
:00. Leuin tlis liom tle wuteis:
In mountuin clelts und clusms,
Loud gusl tle stieumlets,
But gieut iiveis ßow silently.
Emµty tlings muke u noise,
Tle lull is ulwuys quiet.
Tle lool is like u lull-nlled µot,
Tle wise mun like u deeµ still µool.
231
0$50#&3:t
;oo. Humility meuns lumbleness ol mind und
being unussuming in munnei. A µeison µossessing it
lus µut uwuy µiide und uiiogunce, le iesembles u loot-
wiµing clotl, u bull witl its loins cut oll, u snuke witl
its lungs iemoved. He is gentle, cleeilul und eusy to
sµeuk to.
0$50#&3:ö
;or. Altlougl tlis wisl muy uiise in tle leuit ol
one wlo is uµµlying limsell to meditution: ¨Muy my
mind be liee liom tle denlements und witlout uttucl-
ments,` yet it will not luµµen. And wly? Becuuse le
lus not develoµed tle loui loundutions ol mindlulness,
tle loui iiglt elloits, tle loui µsyclic µoweis, tle nve
luculties, tle nve sµiiituul µoweis, tle seven luctois ol
enligltenment und tle Noble Eigltlold Putl. It is }ust
us il u butcl ol len's eggs weie not lully sut uµon, not
lully wuimed, not lully develoµed. Altlougl tlut len
miglt wisl: ¨Ol, tlut my clicks miglt bieuk tle slell
witl cluw und beuk und lutcl out sulely,` it will not
luµµen. And wly? Becuuse tle eggs uie not lully sut
uµon, not lully wuimed, not lully develoµed.
232
Altlougl no sucl wisl muy uiise in one wlo
is develoµing tle loui loundutions ol mindlulness, tle
loui iiglt elloits, tle loui µsyclic µoweis, tle nve
luculties, tle nve sµiiituul µoweis, tle seven luctois
ol enligltenment und tle Noble Eigltlold Putl, yet lis
mind will be lieed. And wly? Becuuse le lus devel-
oµed tlese tlings. It is }ust us il u butcl ol len's eggs
weie lully sut uµon, lully develoµed. Tlut len muy not
wisl: ¨Ol, tlut my clicks miglt lutcl,` und yet lei
eggs will lutcl unywuy. And wly? Becuuse tley uie
lully wuimed, lully develoµed.
0$50#&3:0
;o:. Tleie uie tlese nve timely gilts. Wlut nve?
One gives to tle one wlo lus }ust uiiived, to one wlo
is leuving, to tle sick, wlen lood is luid to get, und
tle nist-liuits ol neld und oicluid one gives to tle
viituous.
0$50#&3;o
;o;. Tiuly, tlose wlo uie good µeoµle uie tlunk-
lul und giutelul.
233
0$50#&3;r
;o«. Wleie tleie is µuin,
Pleusuie is to be stiived loi.
In tle sume wuy,
Wleie tleie is becoming,
Non-becoming is to be desiied.
Wleie tleie is leut,
Tleie must be cool.
In tle sume wuy,
Wleie tleie uie tle tliee nies,
Tleie must ulso be Niivunu.
Wleie tleie is evil,
Tleie is ulso tle good.
In tle sume wuy,
Wleie tleie is biitl,
Non-biitl cun be inleiied.
o
234
µ
ovember
/07&.#&3r
;os. Tle Loid suid to Suiiµuttu: ¨Tell me, Suiiµuttu,
could u noble disciµle wlo is lully devoted to und lus
µeilect luitl in tle Tutlugutu luve uny doubt oi uncei-
tuinty in tle Tutlugutu oi tle Tutlugutu's teuclings?`
¨No, Loid, le could not. It muy be exµected
tlut tle noble disciµle witl luitl und eneigy will live
iesolute in eneigy, ulwuys stiiving to ubundon bud
quulities und develoµ good ones; le will be stout und
stiong in exeiting limsell, not tliowing oll tle buiden
ol good quulities. His eneigy is tle contiolling luculty
ol eneigy. It muy be exµected tlut tle noble disciµle
witl luitl will be mindlul, µossessed ol good disciimin-
ution, one wlo culls to mind und iemembeis tlings
done long ugo. His mindlulness is tle contiolling luc-
ulty ol mindlulness. It muy be exµected tlut tle noble
disciµle witl luitl, eneigy und mindlulness will muke
sell suiiendei tle ob}ect ol lis tlouglt; le will de-
veloµ concentiution und one-µointedness ol mind. His
concentiution is tle contiolling luctoi ol concentiution.
Aguin, it muy be exµected tlut tle noble disciµle witl
23S
luitl, eneigy, mindlulness und witl tlouglts stilled
will undeistund: 'Witlout end is tlis sumsuiu. Tle
beginning ol beings lindeied by ignoiunce, bound by
ciuving, wlo iun on, luie on tliougl sumsuiu, cunnot
be known. Tle utteily µussionless cessution ol igno-
iunce, ol tlis stute ol duikness is tlis luµµy, excellent
stute, tle culming ol ull constiucts, tle giving uµ ol
ull buses ol iebiitl, tle destiuction ol ciuving, disµus-
sion, cessution, Niivunu.' Tlis wisdom is tle contiol-
ling luculty ol wisdom. Tlut noble disciµle witl luitl,
stiiving uguin und uguin, being mindlul uguin und
uguin, concentiuting tle mind uguin und uguin, cleuily
undeistunding uguin und uguin guins gieut conndence
und le tlinks: 'Beloie I lud only leuid ol tlese tlings;
now I live exµeiiencing tlem µeisonully.' Tlis luitl is
tle contiolling luculty ol luitl.`
/07&.#&3:
;oo. A tiee mukes no distinction in tle slude it
gives. Even so, tle meditutoi, tle euinest student ol
meditution must muke no distinction between uny
beings, but must develoµ love quite equully towuids
tlieves, muideieis, enemies und towuids limsell,
tlinking: ¨How muy tlese beings be witlout enmity
und witlout luim, low muy tley be ut µeuce, secuie
und luµµy; low muy tley look ultei tlemselves?`
236
/07&.#&3;
;ot. Veneiuble Tissu, tle neµlew ol tle Loid's
lutlei, cume to tle Loid ciying. Tlen tle Loid suid to
lim: ¨Wlut is wiong, Tissu? Wly do you sit beside me
sud und de}ected und ciying so muny teuis?`
¨Loid, it is becuuse ull tle monks luve been
mocking und teusing me.`
¨Tissu, tlut is becuuse ultlougl you luve u sluiµ
tongue, you cunnot enduie tle sluiµ tongues ol otleis.
It is not ntting tlut you wlo luve given uµ tle louselold
lile to go loitl into tle lomeless lile slould luve u sluiµ
tongue und be unuble to enduie tle sluiµ tongues ol
otleis. And il you do luve u sluiµ tongue, you slould be
uble to enduie tle sluiµ tongues ol otleis.`
Tlus suid tle Loid, und le udded tlis veise:
Wly be ungiy Tissu? Be not ungiy.
Meekness is best loi you,
To iestiuin ungei, µiide und lyµociisy is best.
It is loi tlis tlut we live tle loly lile.
/07&.#&3«
;oö. How does one µiuctise contemµlution on
leelings? Wlen exµeiiencing u µleusunt leeling, one
knows: ¨I um exµeiiencing u µleusunt leeling.` Wlen
exµeiiencing u µuinlul leeling, one knows: ¨I um ex-
237
µeiiencing u µuinlul leeling,` und wlen exµeiiencing
u neutiul leeling, one knows: ¨I um exµeiiencing u
neutiul leeling.` Wlen exµeiiencing µleusunt, µuinlul
oi neutiul leelings tlut uie woildly, one knows tley
uie woildly, und wlen exµeiiencing µleusunt, µuinlul
oi neutiul leelings tlut uie unwoildly, one knows tley
uie unwoildly. Tlus one dwells contemµluting leelings
inteinully und exteinully. One dwells contemµluting
tle oiiginution luctois und tle dissolution luctois in
leelings, oi one's mindlulness tlut ¨tleie uie leelings`
is estublisled to tle extent necessuiy loi knowledge
und mindlulness. Indeµendent one dwells, clinging to
notling in tle woild.
/07&.#&3s
;o0. Wlen one lus lieed tle mind, tle gods cun-
not tiuce lim, even tlougl tley tlink: ¨Tlis is tle
consciousness uttucled to tle Tutlugutu.` And wly? It
is becuuse tle Tutlugutu is untiuceuble. Altlougl I suy
tlis, tleie uie some iecluses und Biulmins wlo mis-
ieµiesent me lulsely, contiuiy to luct, suying: ¨Tle iec-
luse Gotumu is u nililist becuuse le teucles tle cutting
oll, tle destiuction, tle disuµµeuiunce ol tle existing
entity.` But tlis is exuctly wlut I do not suy. Botl now
und in tle µust, I simµly teucl sulleiing und tle ovei-
coming ol sulleiing.
238
/07&.#&3o
;ro. Tleie is one µeison wlo is boin into tle woild
loi tle welluie ol tle muny, loi tle luµµiness ol tle
muny, out ol comµussion loi tle woild, loi tle welluie
und luµµiness ol gods und mun. Wlo is tlut µeison? It
is tle Tutlugutu, tle Noble One, tle lully enligltened
Buddlu.
/07&.#&3t
;rr. An oidinuiy mun exµeiiences µleusunt, µuin-
lul und neutiul leelings, und so does tle instiucted
noble disciµle. So, wlut is tle distinction, tle division,
tle dilleience between tlem? Wlen un oidinuiy mun
is toucled by u µuinlul leeling le woiiies und giieves,
luments, beuts lis bieust, weeµs und is distiuuglt. He
tleieloie exµeiiences u bodily leeling und u mentul
leeling. It is us il u mun weie µieiced by u duit, und
lollowing tle nist µieicing, le wus lit by u second
duit. He would exµeiience tle leelings cuused by botl
duits. And so it is witl tle oidinuiy mun. Huving been
toucled by u µuinlul leeling, le iesists und iesents it
und so u deeµ tendency ol iesistunce und iesentment
comes into being. Undei tle imµuct ol tlut µuinlul leel-
ing le tlen µioceeds to en}oy sensuul luµµiness. And
wly does le do so? Becuuse tle oidinuiy mun knows
239
no otlei escuµe liom µuinlul leelings exceµt tle en}oy-
ment ol sensuul luµµiness. Tlen in en}oying sensuul
luµµiness u deeµ tendency to lust loi µleusunt leelings
comes into being. He does not know us it ieully is tle
uiising und ending ol tlose leelings, tleii sutisluction,
tleii dungei oi tle escuµe liom tlem. In lucking tlis
knowledge, tle deeµ tendency to ignoiunce ubout neu-
tiul leeling comes into being. So, wletlei le leels u
µleusunt, µuinlul, oi neutiul leeling, le leels it us one
letteied by it. He is letteied to biitl, old uge und deutl,
to soiiow, lumentution, µuin, giiel und desµuii. He is
letteied to sulleiing, I decluie.
But wlen tle instiucted noble disciµle is
toucled by u µuinlul leeling, le does not woiiy, giieve
oi lument, le does not beut lis bieust oi weeµ, noi is le
distiuuglt. It is one leeling only tlut le exµeiiences, u
bodily one und not u mentul one. It is us il u mun weie
µieiced by u duit but wus not µieiced by unotlei duit
lollowing tle nist one. And so it is witl tle instiucted
noble disciµle. Huving been toucled by tlut µuinlul
leeling, le neitlei iesists noi iesents it, und so no deeµ
tendency loi iesistunce oi iesentment comes into being.
Hence, in consequence ol tle µuinlul leeling le does
not µioceed to en}oy sensuul luµµiness. And wly not?
Becuuse le knows ol un escuµe liom µuinlul leeling
otlei tlun by en}oying sensuul luµµiness. Tlen, in not
en}oying sensuul luµµiness, no deeµ tendency to lust
240
loi u µleusunt leeling comes into being. He knows us it
ieully is tle uiising und ending ol tlose leelings, tleii
sutisluction, tleii dungei und tle escuµe liom tlem.
Knowing tlis, no deeµ tendency to ignoiunce us to
neutiul leelings comes into being. So wletlei le leels
u µleusunt, µuinlul oi neutiul leeling, le leels it us one
liee liom it. He is liee liom biitl, old uge und deutl,
liom soiiow, lumentution, µuin, giiel und desµuii. He
is liee liom sulleiing, I decluie.
/07&.#&3ö
;r:. And wlut is u monk's weultl? Conceining tlis,
one ubides witl tle mind nlled witl love, comµussion,
symµutletic }oy und equunimity, sullusing tle nist,
second, tliid und louitl quuitei. One ubides sullusing
tle wlole woild ÷ uµwuids, downwuids, ucioss, eveiy-
wleie ÷ witl u mind nlled witl love, comµussion,
symµutletic }oy und equunimity, ubundunt, unbounded,
witlout lutied oi ill-will. Tlis is u monk's weultl.
/07&.#&30
;r;. And Suiiµuttu suid to tle Loid: ¨I believe tlut
tleie lus nevei been, tleie will not be in tle lutuie,
noi is tleie now u iecluse oi Biulmin wlo is bettei oi
moie enligltened tlun tle Loid.`
241
¨Suiiµuttu, you luve boldly sµoken, you luve
iouied witl tle ceituinty ol u lion. But wly? Do you
know tle minds ol tle noble Buddlus ol tle µust, tleii
viitue, tleii teucling, tleii wisdom oi tleii libeiution?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨Do you know tle minds ol ull tle noble
Buddlus in tle lutuie?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨Tlen wlut ol me? Do you know even my mind,
my viitue, my teucling, my wisdom oi my libeiution?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨So, Suiiµuttu, you do not know tle minds ol
tle Buddlus ol tle µust, tle lutuie oi tle µiesent. Wly
tlen luve you sµoken so boldly? Wly luve you iouied
witl tle ceituinty ol u lion?`
¨Loid, I know not tle minds ol tle Buddlus
ol tle µust, tle lutuie oi tle µiesent. But tle wuys ol
tle Dlummu, tlis I do know. Imugine u wulled town
witl stiong loundution und toweis und u single gute,
und ut tlut gute u wutclei, sliewd und uleit wlo lets
in known µeoµle und keeµs out stiungeis. As le µutiols
tle wulls le would not see u lole in tle wull big enougl
loi even u cut to sliµ tliougl. And le would know tlut
wlutevei cieutuies big oi smull entei oi leuve tle town,
tley ull do so by tle gute. And it seems to me tlut tle
Dlummu is tle sume. All tlose noble Buddlus ol tle
µust wlo uttuined lull enligltenment did so by ubun-
242
doning tle nve lindiunces, denlements tlut weuken
undeistunding, nimly estublisling tle loui loundu-
tions ol mindlulness in tleii minds, und ieulizing tle
seven luctois ol enligltenment us tley ieully uie. All
tle noble Buddlus ol tle lutuie will do tle sume, und
you, Loid, wlo uie now u Noble One, u lully enliglt-
ened Buddlu, luve done tle sume.
/07&.#&3ro
;r«. How is one conceined witl lis own good und
tle good ol otleis? Conceining tlis, u ceituin µeison
is quick, le giusµs teuclings tlut uie µiontuble, le lus
leuined by leuit und by undeistunding botl tle let-
tei und sµiiit ol tle Dlummu und wulks in uccoidunce
witl it. He ulso lus u beuutilul voice und deliveiy, µos-
sesses uibune sµeecl, distinctly und cleuily enunciuted
so us to muke lis meuning cleui. He teucles, uiges, in-
cites und gluddens lis comµunions in tle loly lile.
/07&.#&3rr
;rs. Tleie uie tlese gioss imµuiities ol gold: dust,
sund, giuvel und giit. Tle diit wuslei oi lis uµµientice
leuµs tle gold into u tiougl und wusles it uµ, wusles
it down und iuns tle diit out. Wlen tlis µiocess is
nnisled tleie uie still modeiute imµuiities in tle gold
sucl us nne giit und sund. So tle diit wuslei ieµeuts
243
tle µiocess. Wlen tlis is nnisled tleie still iemuin
smull imµuiities sucl us nne sund und dust. So tle diit
wuslei ieµeuts tle µiocess uguin, ultei wlicl only tle
gold dust iemuins. Tlen tle goldsmitl oi lis uµµien-
tice µuts tle gold into u ciucible. It is molten but not
ßuwless, it is not yet nnisled, tle imµuiities uie not yet
ull stiuined oll. It is not yet µliuble, woikuble oi glisten-
ing, being still biittle und incuµuble ol being µeilectly
woiked. But in time, tle goldsmitl melts tle gold so
tlut it iuns liom tle ciucible witl ull tle imµuiities
stiuined oll. Tlen it is µliuble, woikuble, glistening, no
longei biittle, is cuµuble ol being µeilectly woiked. It
cun be used loi wlutevei µuiµose one wisles, to muke
u gold µlute, u iing, u neckluce oi u cluin. It is }ust tle
sume loi one wlo is tiying to develoµ tle liglei mind.
Gioss imµuiities ol body, sµeecl und mind, tle tlouglt-
lul, cuielul one ubundons, keeµs in cleck oi mukes un
end ol so tlut tley do not iecui. Wlen tlese luults uie
nnisled tleie uie still minute imµuiities wlicl cling
to lim sucl us sensuul, mulicious und ciuel tlouglts.
Aguin, tlese le ubundons. Wlen tlese luults uie nn-
isled tleie uie still minute imµuiities wlicl cling to
lim, sucl us tlinking ubout lis ielutives, lis countiy
oi lis ieµutution. Once uguin tle tlougltlul, cuielul
one ubundons tlem, keeµs tlem in cleck, oi mukes
un end ol tlem so tlut tley do not iecui. Wlen tlis is
done, tleie still iemuin tlouglts ubout Dlummu. At
244
tlis stuge, concentiution is neitlei culm noi lolty, it is
not tiunquil noi lus it ieucled one-µointedness, it is de-
µendent on lubituul iestiuint. But tleie comes u time
wlen tle mind is inwuidly stuble, still, one-µointed
und concentiuted. Sucl concentiution is culm und lolty,
it is tiunquil und lus ieucled one-µointedness, it is not
deµendent on lubituul iestiuint. Wlutevei knowledge
one diiects lis mind to, one cun ieulize it.
/07&.#&3r:
;ro. It is }ust us il u mun tiuvelling in u loiest
slould come ucioss un uncient ioud, un uncient µutl,
tiuveised by men in loimei times, und µioceeding
ulong it, slould come to un uncient city, un old ioyul
citudel lived in by men in loimei times, witl µuiks
und gioves, wutei tunks und wulls ÷ u tiuly deligltlul
µluce. Tlen, suµµose tlut tlis mun slould tell ol lis
discoveiy to tle king oi u ioyul ministei, suying: ¨Siie,
you slould know tlut I luve discoveied un uncient city.
Restoie tlut µluce.` Tlen, suµµose tlut uncient city
wus iestoied, so tlut it becume µiosµeious, ßouiisling,
µoµulous, und wus nlled witl lolk, und it giew und ex-
µunded. In tle sume wuy, I luve seen un uncient ioud,
un uncient µutl tiuveised by tle lully enligltened
Buddlus ol loimei times. And wlut is tlut µutl? It is
tle Noble Eigltlold Putl.
24S
/07&.#&3r;
;rt. How does one live µiuctising contemµlution ol
mind? Conceining tlis, one knows u mind witl gieed
us u mind witl gieed, und u mind witlout gieed us u
mind witlout gieed. One knows u mind witl lutied
us u mind witl lutied, und u mind witlout lutied us u
mind witlout lutied. One knows u mind witl delusion
us u mind witl delusion, und u mind witlout delusion
us u mind witlout delusion. One knows tle contiucted
mind us contiucted und tle distiucted mind us dis-
tiucted, tle develoµed mind us develoµed und tle un-
develoµed mind us undeveloµed. One knows tle mind
witl some mentul stute suµeiioi to it us tle mind witl
some mentul stute suµeiioi to it, und tle mind witl no
mentul stute suµeiioi to it us tle mind witl no mentul
stute suµeiioi to it. One knows tle concentiuted mind
us concentiuted und tle unconcentiuted mind us un-
concentiuted, tle mind tlut is lieed us lieed und tle
mind tlut is not lieed us not lieed.
Tlus one dwells contemµluting mind intein-
ully und exteinully. One dwells contemµluting tle oiig-
inution luctois und tle dissolution luctois in tle mind,
oi one's mindlulness tlut ¨tleie is mind` is estublisled
to tle extent necessuiy loi knowledge und mindlul-
ness. Indeµendent one dwells, clinging to notling in
tle woild.
246
/07&.#&3r«
;rö. Tleie uie tlese nve limbs ol stiiving. Wlut
nve? One lus luitl in tle enligltenment ol tle Buddlu.
One lus leultl und wellbeing, u good digestion, not
ovei-lot oi ovei-cool, but even und suituble loi stiiving.
One is not deceitlul oi dislonest, but ieveuls onesell
to tle Teuclei oi one's lolloweis in tle loly lile us one
ieully is. One lives stiiving luid to give uµ evil tlings
und to develoµ tle good, stuuncl und stiong in elloit,
not sliiking tle buiden ol Dlummu. One lus wisdom
into tle wuy ol tle iise und lull ol tlings witl noble
µeiceµtion into tle comµlete oveicoming ol sulleiing.
/07&.#&3rs
;r0. Wloevei is eusy to sµeuk to becuuse ol ie-
sµecting, ieveiing und lonouiing Dlummu, lis sµeecl
is giucious und I cull lim eusy to sµeuk to.
/07&.#&3ro
;:o. Tle Tutlugutu lives liee, detucled und ie-
leused liom tle body, leelings, µeiceµtion, mentul
constiucts, consciousness, iebiitl, decuy, deutl und
tle µussions. Just us u blue, ied oi wlite lotus, boin in
wutei, giown uµ in wutei, on ieucling tle suiluce iests
tleie untoucled by wutei, even so tle Tutlugutu, be-
247
ing liee, detucled und ieleused liom tlese tlings, lives
witl u mind wlose buiiieis uie bioken down.
/07&.#&3rt
;:r. ¨I will teucl you sometling, tle µuiuble ol
tle iult loi ciossing ovei, not loi clinging on to. Listen
cuielully, µuy uttention und I will sµeuk. Suy u mun go-
ing ulong u liglwuy miglt see u gieut stietcl ol wutei,
tlis bunk being dungeious und liigltening wlile tle
luitlei bunk is secuie und sule. But tleie being no bout
oi biidge loi ciossing ovei to tle otlei side, tlut mun
miglt tlink: 'Tlis bunk is dungeious und liigltening,
wlile tle luitlei bunk is secuie und sule. But tleie is
neitlei bout noi biidge loi ciossing ovei. Wlut il, luv-
ing collected giuss und sticks, biuncles und leuves, I
weie to muke u iult und by sitting on it und µuddling
witl my lunds und leet, weie to cioss ovei to tle sule
side?' So, suy tlut mun does muke u iult und does cioss
ovei to tle sule side, und tlen tlinks: 'By using tlis
iult I luve ciossed ovei to tle sule side. Wly don't I µut
tlis iult on my leud oi slouldei, und go on my wuy?'
Wlut do you tlink monks? Il le did tlis, would le be
doing wlut slould be done witl tlut iult?`
¨No, Loid.`
¨And wlut slould be done witl tlut iult?
Conceining tlis, tlut mun slould tlink: 'Tlis iult lus
248
been uselul to me. By sitting on it und µuddling witl
my lunds und leet, I luve ciossed ovei to tle sule side.
Wly don't I leuve tlis iult on tle bunk und go on my
wuy?' In doing tlis, tle mun would be doing wlut
slould be done witl tlut iult. Undeistunding tlis µui-
uble ol tle iult, you slould give uµ even good tlings;
low mucl moie tle bud?`
/07&.#&3rö
;::. One duy us tle Loid wus seuted in tle Gundlu
Kuti ut tle Jetu Giove, le suiveyed tle woild ut duwn,
und le suw u ceituin µooi mun ut Aluvi. Peiceiving
tlut le µossessed tle luculties loi tle liuit ol Stieum-
Winning, le took u comµuny ol nve lundied monks und
went to Aluvi, wleie tle inlubitunts invited tle Loid to
stuy. Tle µooi mun leuid tlut tle Loid lud uiiived, und
le iesolved to leui lim teucl tle Dlummu. But tlut veiy
duy lis ox stiuyed oll, und le tlouglt: ¨Slull I go und
nnd my ox oi slull I go to leui tle Dlummu?` ÷ und le
decided to nnd lis ox nist, setting out euily to do so. Tle
µeoµle ol Aluvi guve seuts to tle Sunglu ol monks, witl
tle Buddlu ut tleii leud, seived tlem lood, und wlen
nnisled took tle Loid's bowl wlile le guve tlunks. Tlen
tle Loid suid: ¨He loi wlose suke I cume tliity miles lus
gone to tle loiest to seek lis ox. Wlen le ietuins, tlen
I will teucl tle Dlummu.` So, le wus silent.
249
Beloie tle duy wus out, tle mun lound lis
ox und stiuiglt uwuy led it buck to tle leid. Tlen le
tlouglt: ¨Il notling else, I cun go und µuy my iesµects
to tle Loid,` und tlougl oµµiessed by lungei le did
not go lome, but iutlei le went quickly to tle Loid,
und luving µuid lomuge, sut iesµectlully ut one side.
Wlen tle mun cume close, tle Loid suid to tle stew-
uid in cluige ol lood: ¨Is tleie uny lood lelt ovei?`
¨Reveiend sii, some lood iemuins untoucled.` ¨Tlen
seive tlis mun.`
Altei tle stewuid lud µiovided tle mun witl
u seut in u µluce indicuted by tle Loid, le seived lim
iice giuel und otlei lood botl luid und solt, und ultei
tle mun lud euten, le iinsed lis moutl. As soon us
tle mun's sulleiing lud been ielieved, lis mind be-
cume culm, und tlen tle Loid tuuglt tle Dlummu in
giuduul oidei, exµounding one ultei tle otlei tle Foui
Noble Tiutls. Wlen le lud nnisled, tlut mun uttuined
tle liuit ol Stieum-Winning.
/07&.#&3r0
;:;. Botl now und in tle µust
It lus ulwuys been tlus, 0 Atulu!
Tley blume tlose wlo uie silent,
Tley blume tlose wlo sµeuk mucl,
And tley blume tlose wlo sµeuk in modeiution.
Tleie is no one wlo is not blumed.
2S0
Tleie nevei wus,
Tleie nevei will be,
Noi is tleie now
A µeison wlo is wlolly blumed oi µiuised.
/07&.#&3:o
;:«. Aµµly youisell to solitude. One wlo is given
to solitude knows tlings us tley ieully uie.
/07&.#&3:r
;:s. And tle Loid suid: ¨Anundu, µieµuie u coucl
lucing tle muik between tlese two sul tiees, loi I um
uneusy und wisl to lie down.` So Anundu did us tle
Loid usked, und tlen tle Loid luy down on lis iiglt
side, iesting one loot on unotlei in tle µosition ol tle
lion, mindlul und cleuily conscious. Tlen suddenly, tle
two sul tiees buist into lull bloom out ol seuson und tle
ßoweis iuined down out ol iesµect loi tle Tutlugutu.
Celestiul blossoms und leuvenly sundulwood µowdei
iuined down, und leuvenly music und voices could be
leuid, ull out ol iesµect loi tle Tutlugutu. Tlen tle Loid
uddiessed Anundu und suid: ¨Look ut tlese sul blos-
soms und leuvenly ßoweis, sundulwood µowdei, music
und voices. Yet, it is not like tlis tlut tle Tutlugutu
is iesµected, veneiuted, esteemed, woisliµµed und
2S1
lonouied witl tle liglest iesµect. But tle monk und
nun, tle luymun und tle luywomun, wlo ubide by
tle Dlummu, wulk tle wuy ol Dlummu, µiuctise tle
Dlummu ÷ it is tley wlo iesµect, veneiute, esteem,
woisliµ und lonoui tle Tutlugutu witl tle liglest ie-
sµect. Tleieloie, ubide by tle Dlummu, wulk tle wuy
ol tle Dlummu und µiuctise tle Dlummu. Tlis is low
you slould tiuin youisell.`
/07&.#&3::
;:o. Witl tle luding uwuy ol }oy one iemuins
equunimous, mindlul und cleuily conscious, und exµeii-
ences witlin onesell tlut luµµiness ol wlicl tle Noble
Ones suy: ¨Huµµy indeed is le wlo ubides equunimous
und mindlul.` Tlus one enteis und ubides in tle tliid
}lunu. And witl tlut luµµiness liee liom }oy one sul-
luses, diencles, nlls und µeimeutes tle wlole body
so tlut tleie is no sµot in tle entiie body tlut is un-
toucled by tlut luµµiness.
Just us in u µond ol blue, ied oi wlite lotuses,
tle ßoweis uie boin in tle wutei, giow in tle wutei
und uie led by tle wutei but do not emeige liom tle
wutei und tlus uie sullused, diencled, nlled und µei-
meuted witl cool wutei, in tle sume wuy, one sulluses,
diencles, nlls und µeimeutes tle wlole body so tlut
tleie is no sµot untoucled.
2S2
/07&.#&3:;
;:t. Just us wutei cools botl good und bud,
And wusles uwuy ull imµuiity und dust,
In tle sume wuy you slould develoµ tlouglts
ol love
To liiend und loe ulike,
And luving ieucled µeilection in love,
You will uttuin enligltenment.
/07&.#&3:«
;:ö. Wleie do euitl, wutei, nie und uii no looting
nnd? Wleie do long und sloit, smull und gieut, µuie
und imµuie, nume und loim nnully ceuse? Tle unswei
is:
It is in tle consciousness ol tle Noble One ÷
Invisible, boundless und ull-luminous.
Tleie it is tlut euitl, wutei, nie und uii
No looting nnd.
Tleie it is tlut long und sloit, smull und gieut,
Puie und imµuie, nume und loim
Finully ceuse.
Wlen consciousness ceuses, so does ull tlis.
2S3
/07&.#&3:s
;:0. Foi tle mindlul one, tleie is ulwuys good;
Foi tle mindlul one, luµµiness incieuses;
Foi tle mindlul one, tlings go bettei,
Yet le is not lieed liom enemies.
But le wlo botl duy und niglt
Tukes deliglt in luimlessness,
Sluiing love witl ull tlut lives ÷
He nnds enmity witl none.
/07&.#&3:o
;;o. I will slow you giusµing und woiiy und I will
slow you tle letting go ol und lieedom liom giusµing
und woiiy. And wlut is giusµing und woiiy? Concein-
ing tlis, oidinuiy lolk luve tlis view: ¨Tlis body is
mine, I um tlis, tlis is mysell.` Foi one like tlis, tle
body ulteis und clunges, und owing to tlis ulteiution
und clunge, giiel, soiiow, sulleiing, lumentution und
desµuii uiise in lim. And it is tle sume witl lis leel-
ings, µeiceµtion, mentul constiucts und consciousness.
And wlut is letting go ol und lieedom liom woiiy?
Conceining tlis, tle well tuuglt noble disciµle lus tlis
view: ¨Tlis body is not mine. I um not tlis, tlis is not
mysell.` Foi one like tlis, tle body ulteis und clunges,
2S4
but in sµite ol ulteiution und clunge, giiel, soiiow, sul-
leiing, lumentution und desµuii do not uiise in lim.
And it is tle sume witl leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul
constiucts und consciousness. Tlus, tleie is letting go
ol und lieedom liom giusµing und woiiy.
/07&.#&3:t
;;r. Suµµose u king oi u ioyul ministei lus nevei
leuid tle music ol u lute. But one duy le does leui it
und le suys: ¨Good mun, tell me wlut is tlut sound
so enclunting, so deligltlul, so intoxicuting, so iuvisl-
ing, witl sucl µowei to bind?` Tlen tley suy to lim:
¨Tlut, Siie, is tle tle music ol tle lute.` So le suys: ¨Go,
biing me tlut lute.` So tley biing it to lim but le suys:
¨Enougl ol tlis lute. Biing me tle music.` Tley suy to
lim: ¨Siie, tlis lute consists ol vuiious und muny µuits:
tle belly, tle skin, tle lundle, tle liume, tle stiings,
tle biidge und tle elloit ol tle µluyei. And it sµeuks
becuuse ol tlem. It sµeuks becuuse ol tlese vuiious und
muny µuits.` Tlen tle king bieuks tle lute into u lun-
died µuits, sµlinteis it und sµlinteis it uguin, buins it,
µuts tle usles in u leuµ, und winnows tlem in u diult
oi wusles tlem uwuy in wutei in oidei to nnd tle music.
Huving done tlis le suys: ¨A µooi tling indeed is u lute;
wlutevei u lute muy be, tle woild is led ustiuy by sucl
tlings.` In tle sume wuy, one investiguting tle body us
2SS
lui us tle body goes, investiguting leeling, µeiceµtion,
mentul constiucts, investiguting consciousness us lui us
consciousness goes, nnds no ¨I`, no ¨I um`, no ¨mine`.
/07&.#&3:ö
;;:. Wloevei wus gieedy und is now liee liom
gieed, wloevei wus luting und is now liee liom luting,
wloevei wus giudging und is now liee liom giudging,
wloevei wus lyµociiticul und is now liee liom lyµ-
ociisy, wloevei wus sµitelul und is now liee liom sµite,
wloevei wus }eulous und is now liee liom }eulousy, wlo-
evei wus meun und is now liee liom meunness, wloevei
wus untiustwoitly und is now liee liom untiustwoitli-
ness, wloevei wus cunning und is now liee liom cun-
ning, wloevei lud evil desiies und is now liee liom
evil desiies, wloevei lud wiong views und is now liee
liom wiong views ÷ tlus, I suy, one lollows tle µiuctice
woitly ol iecluses, one is getting iid ol tle sume tlings
tlut stuin iecluses, tle luults und delects ol iecluses,
tlings tlut leud to soiiow, iebiitl in u bud µluce. One
sees onesell µuiined ol evil unskilled tlings und lieed
liom tlem. Tlen gludness uiises, liom gludness comes
}oy, becuuse ol }oy tle body is tiunquil, witl u tiunquil
body one is luµµy, und tle mind ol one wlo is luµµy is
concentiuted. One ubides witl u mind nlled witl love,
comµussion, symµutletic }oy und equunimity, sullus-
2S6
ing tle nist, second, tliid und louitl quuiteis ol tle
woild. One ubides sullusing tle wlole woild ÷ uµwuids,
downwuids, ucioss, eveiywleie ÷ witl u mind nlled
witl love, comµussion, symµutletic }oy und equunimity,
ubundunt, unbounded, witlout lutied oi ill-will.
/07&.#&3:0
;;;. Veneiuble Tissu, tle Loid's neµlew, sµoke to
u numbei ol monks und suid: ¨Fiiends, my body is us il
diugged, tlings luve become dim to my eyes, und tle
Dlummu is no longei cleui to me. Slotl und luziness
µossess my mind, und I live tle loly lile witlout }oy. I
wuvei in tle teuclings.`
So, tlose monks went to tle Loid und told
lim wlut Tissu lud suid, und tle Loid suid to one
monk: ¨Go, monk, und in my nume tell Tissu to come
und sµeuk to me.` So le went, und wlen Tissu cume,
tle Loid suid to lim: ¨Is it tiue us tley suy tlut youi
body is us il diugged, tlut tlings luve become dim to
youi eyes und tlut tle Dlummu is no longei cleui to
you? Tlut slotl und luziness µossess youi mind, tlut
you live tle loly lile witlout }oy, und tlut you wuvei in
tle teuclings?`
¨Tlut is tiue, Loid.`
¨Now, conceining tlis, wlut do you tlink,
Tissu? In tle body witl lust, desiie, ullection, tliist,
2S7
levei und ciuving, does tleie uiise u condition ol
clunge und ßux? Do giiel, soiiow, sulleiing, lumentu-
tion und desµuii uiise?`
¨Yes, Loid.`
¨And is it not tle sume witl leeling, µeiceµ-
tion, mentul constiucts und consciousness?`
¨Yes, Loid.`
¨Well suid, Tissu! Well suid! Now, wlut do
you tlink? In tle body witlout lust, desiie, ullection,
tliist, levei und ciuving, does tleie uiise u condition ol
clunge und ßux? Do giiel, soiiow, sulleiing, lumentu-
tion und desµuii uiise?`
¨Suiely not, Loid.`
¨And is it tle sume witl leeling, µeiceµtion,
mentul constiucts und consciousness?`
¨It is, Loid.`
¨Well suid, Tissu! Well suid! Now, wlut do you
tlink? Aie tle body, leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul con-
stiucts und consciousness µeimunent oi imµeimunent?`
¨Imµeimunent, Loid.`
¨So, seeing tlis, tle instiucted noble disciµle
tuins uwuy liom tlese nve uggiegutes. Tuining uwuy
liom tlem, µussions lude, und witl tle luding ol µus-
sions, le is liee und le knows: 'Rebiitl is destioyed,
tle loly lile lus been lived, wlut lus lud to be done is
done; tleie is no moie ol tlis.' Suµµose tleie uie two
men, one u skilled tiuvellei und tle otlei not. And tle
2S8
unskilled tiuvellei usks tle wuy liom tle skilled one.
He ieµlies: 'Yes, my good mun, tlis is tle wuy. Con-
tinue loi u wlile und you will see u loik in tle ioud;
tuke tle iiglt lund µutl. Go on u little, und you will
come to u loiest. Continue loi u wlile moie, und you
will come to u muisly swumµ. Go u little luitlei, und
you will see u gieut clill. Go u little luitlei still, und
you will see u beuutilul stietcl ol oµen giound.' I use
tlis µuiuble to illustiute my meuning, und tlis is tle
meuning. Tle mun unskilled in tiuvel ieµiesents oidi-
nuiy µeoµle, und tle mun skilled in tiuvel ieµiesents
tle Tutlugutu, tle Noble One, tle lully enligltened
Buddlu. Tle loik-in tle ioud is tle stute ol wuveiing,
tle lelt loik being tle lulse eigltlold µutl und tle iiglt
loik being tle Noble Eigltlold Putl. Tle tlick loiest is
ignoiunce, tle muisly swumµ is desiies, und tle gieut
clill is iiiitution und desµuii. Tle deligltlul stietcl ol
oµen giound is Niivunu. So be ol good cleei, Tissu! Be
ol good cleei! I will counsel you, I will suµµoit you, I
will instiuct you.`
/07&.#&3;o
;;«. Tle Loid suid to tle monks: ¨Body is not tle
sell. Il it weie tle sell, it would not be liuble to ulßic-
tion, und one could suy: 'Let my body be like tlis. Let
my body not be like tlis.' But since tle body is not tle
2S9
sell, it is liuble to ulßiction, und one cunnot suy: 'Let my
body be like tlis. Let my body not be like tlis.' And it
is tle sume witl leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul constiucts
und consciousness. Wlut do you tlink? Is body µeimu-
nent oi imµeimunent?`
¨Imµeimunent, sii.`
¨Now, is wlut is imµeimunent µuinlul oi
µleusunt?`
¨Puinlul, sii.`
¨Now, is it nt to ieguid wlut is imµeimunent und
µuinlul like tlis: 'Tlis is mine, tlis is I, tlis is my sell?`
¨No, sii.`
¨And it is tle sume witl leeling, µeiceµtion,
mentul constiicts und consciousness. So, uny kind ol
body, leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul constiucts oi con-
sciousness ÷ wletlei µust, µiesent oi lutuie, wletlei
gioss oi subtle, wletlei inteinul oi exteinul, wletlei
inleiioi oi suµeiioi, wletlei lui oi neui ÷ must witl
iiglt undeistunding be ieguided tlus: 'Tlis is not mine,
tlis is not I, tlis is not my sell.' Wlen u noble disciµle
lus leuid tlis und sees tlis, le is detucled liom body,
leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul constiucts und conscious-
ness. Being detucled, µussions lude, witl tle luding ol
µussions le is liee, und wlen le is liee le knows le is
liee. He knows: 'Biitl is ended, tle loly lile lus been
lived, wlut lus lud to be done is done, tleie is no moie
ol tlis.'`
260
ò
ecember
%&$&.#&3r
;;s. Tlese two tyµes ol µeoµle uie dilncult to nnd
in tle woild. Wlut two? One wlo will do u luvoui lust,
und one wlo is giutelul loi u luvoui done.
%&$&.#&3:
;;o. Be un islund unto youiselves, be u ieluge unto
youiselves, tuke loi youiselves no otlei ieluge. Let tle
Dlummu be youi islund und ieluge. And low does one
do tlis? Conceining tlis, one dwells contemµluting tle
body in tle body, leeling in leeling, mind in mind, und
mentul ob}ects in mentul ob}ects ÷ uident, cleuily con-
scious und mindlul ÷ luving µut uside tle uttiuction
und ieµulsion ol tle woild. And tlose wlo live like tlis
now und ultei I µuss uwuy will uttuin tle liglest, but
tley must be unxious to leuin.
%&$&.#&3;
;;t. How cun someone wlo lus gone down
To u swilt-ßowing iivei,
261
And wlo gets cuiiied uwuy by tle cuiient
Helµ otleis to cioss?
In tle sume wuy, low cun one wlo lus not
leuined tle Dlummu,
Not listened to tle exµlunutions ol tle wise,
And wlo is limsell ignoiunt und nlled witl doubt
Helµ otleis to ieulize it?
Just us one wlo lus embuiked on u stuidy bout
Well-equiµµed witl ouis und iuddei
Could lelµ muny otleis to cioss
Becuuse ol lis skill, tlougltlulness und
exµeiience,
In tle sume wuy, one wlo is wise
And wlo lus develoµed limsell,
Wlo is leuined und stuble, undeistunding
Dlummu limsell,
Could muke otleis ieulize it, il tley listen
cuielully.
Tleieloie, one slould consoit witl tle good men
Wlo uie wise und leuined,
Undeistunding tle meuning,
Following tle µutl und knowing tle Dlummu,
And tlen one will uttuin luµµiness.
262
%&$&.#&3«
;;ö. Wisdom is µuiined by viitue, und viitue is
µuiined by wisdom. Wleie one is, so is tle otlei. Tle
viituous µeison lus wisdom, und tle wise µeison lus
viitue. Tle combinution ol viitue und wisdom is culled
tle liglest tling in tle woild.
%&$&.#&3s
;;0. Giving uµ luµµiness und sulleiing und witl
tle disuµµeuiunce ol loimei gludness und soiiow, one
enteis und ubides in tle louitl }lunu wlicl is beyond
µleusuie und µuin und is µuiined by equunimity und
mindlulness. One sits und sulluses, diencles, nlls und
µeimeutes tle wlole body witl tlut µuiity und cluiity
so tlut tleie is no sµot in tle entiie body tlut is un-
toucled by it.
Just us il u mun weie to sit wiuµµed liom
leud to loot in u µuie wlite guiment so tlut no µuit ol
lis body wus untoucled by it ÷ in tle sume wuy, one
sulluses, diencles, nlls und µeimeutes tle wlole body
so tlut tleie is no sµot untoucled.
263
%&$&.#&3o
;«o. Huµµily indeed we live,
Loving umidst tle luting.
Amidst tlose wlo lute
We live lull ol love.
Huµµily indeed we live,
Heultly umidst tle uiling.
Amidst tlose wlo uie ill
We live in µeilect leultl.
Huµµily indeed we live,
Content umidst tle gieedy.
Amidst tlose wlo uie gieedy
We live in contentment.
%&$&.#&3t
;«r. Tle µust slould not be lollowed ultei,
And tle lutuie not desiied.
Wlut is µust is deud und gone,
And tle lutuie is yet to come.
But wloevei guins insiglt into tlings
Piesently uiisen in tle leie und now,
Knowing tlem, unmoved, unsluken ÷
Let lim cultivute tlut insiglt.
264
%&$&.#&3ö
;«:. Wlen in tle loiest umongst tle ioots ol tle
tiees
Oi in tle emµty µluces,
Just cull to mind tle Buddlu
And no leui oi tiembling will uiise.
Il you cunnot tlink ol tle Buddlu,
Tlis best, tlis liglest, tlis nnest ol men,
Tlen cull to mind tle Dlummu,
Tle well tuuglt guide.
Il you cunnot tlink ol tle Dlummu,
Tle well tuuglt guide,
Tlen tlink ol tle Sunglu,
Tlut incomµuiuble souice ol good in tle woild.
%&$&.#&30
;«;. Heuiken to tlis, you wlo uie wutcllul ÷
Tlose wlo sleeµ, let tlem uwuke.
Wutcllulness is bettei tlun sleeµ.
Tle wutcllul uie liee liom leui.
Wloevei is wutcllul, mindlul, comµosed,
Peucelul, seiene und luµµy,
26S
Studying tle Dlummu ut tle iiglt time,
one-µointed,
Tley will oveicome tle duikness.
Tleieloie iouse youisell und be wukelul.
Tle uident one, disciiminuting, medituting,
Cuts tle bonds ol biitl und deutl
And uttuins tle liglest wisdom in tlis
veiy lile.
%&$&.#&3ro
;««. I will teucl you tle buiden, tle tuking lold
ol tle buiden, tle lilting it uµ und tle µutting it down.
And wlut is tle buiden? Tle unswei is tle nve clinging
uggiegutes. Wlut nve? Body, leeling, µeiceµtion, men-
tul constiucts und consciousness. Tlis is tle buiden.
And wlut is tle tuking lold ol tle buiden? Tle unswei
slould be: it is tle µeison ol sucl-und-sucl u nume, ol
sucl-und-sucl u villuge. Tlis is tle tuking lold ol tle
buiden. And wlut is tle lilting uµ ol tle buiden? It is
tlut ciuving loi sense µleusuies, ciuving loi becoming
und ciuving loi unbecoming ÷ tlut is culled lilting uµ
tle buiden. And wlut is tle µutting down ol tle bui-
den? It is tle witleiing und luding ol ciuving, tle giv-
ing uµ ol ciuving, tle ienouncing ol it, lieedom liom
266
it, tle ubsence ol it. Tlut is tle µutting down ol tle
buiden.
Tle nve uggiegutes uie tle buiden.
Tle seizei ol tle buiden is mun.
Tuking it uµ is soiiow indeed,
And luµµiness is luying it down.
Il one luys tlis leuvy buiden down
And tukes uµ no new one,
Tlen le lus µulled out ciuving, ioots und ull.
He is lulnlled, le is liee.
%&$&.#&3rr
;«s. Now, on one occusion, tle Loid, luving uiisen
liom lis solitude towuids evening, wus seuted wuim-
ing lis buck in tle westeily sunsline. Tlen, Veneiuble
Anundu cume to see tle Loid, und wlile iubbing lis
limbs witl lis lunds suid: ¨Stiunge it is und wondeilul
low tle skin ol tle Loid is no longei cleui und tiunslu-
cent, low ull lis limbs uie sluck und wiinkled, low lis
body is bent loiwuid, und low lis sense luculties und
body luve clunged.`
¨So it is, Anundu. Old uge is inleient in youtl,
sickness in leultl, und deutl in lile.`
267
%&$&.#&3r:
;«o. At tlut time, tle Loid suid to tle monks:
¨Once uµon u time, u bumboo uciobut set uµ lis µole,
culled lis µuµil, und suid: 'Now, my lud, climb tle µole
und stund on my slouldeis.' 'Aliiglt, Mustei,' suid tle
µuµil, und le did wlut le wus told. Tlen tle mustei
suid: 'Now, my lud, you µiotect me und I will µiotect
you, und µiotected und wutcled by eucl otlei we
will do oui uct, get u good lee, und come down sule
und sound liom tle bumboo µole.' But tlen tle µuµil
suid: 'No, no, Mustei! Tlut will not do. You look ultei
youisell, und I will look ultei mysell. Tlus wutcled
und guuided eucl by limsell, we will do oui uct, get
u good lee, und come down sule und sound liom tle
bumboo µole. Tlut is tle wuy to do it.' Tlen tle Loid
suid: ¨Just us tle µuµil suid to tle mustei: 'I will µio-
tect mysell' ÷ so slould you µiuctise tle loundutions
ol mindlulness wlicl meuns ut tle sume time: 'I will
µiotect otleis.' By µiotecting onesell, one µiotects
otleis. By µiotecting otleis, one µiotects onesell. And
low does one, by µiotecting onesell, µiotect otleis? It
is by tle ieµeuted und liequent µiuctice ol meditution.
And low does one, by µiotecting otleis, µiotect one-
sell? It is by µutience, loibeuiunce, luimlessness, love
und comµussion.`
268
%&$&.#&3r;
;«t. Tle Tutlugutu does not live in ubundunce,
le does not ieveit to tle lile ol ubundunce, noi does
le wuvei in lis stiiving. Tle Tutlugutu is u µeilected
one, u lully enligltened Buddlu. So give eui, loi tle
Immoitul lus been discoveied und I instiuct, I teucl
tle Dlummu.
%&$&.#&3r«
;«ö. Tle lool wlo listens to tle Conqueioi's
teuclings
Witl u lostile mind
Does not giow in tle good Dlummu
Any moie tlun u iotten seed giows in tle
neld.
But one wlo listens to tle Conqueioi's
teuclings
Witl u }oylul mind,
Huving destioyed tle denlements,
Reulized tle unslukuble stute,
And uttuined tle liglest µeuce ÷
He is cooled und witlout denlements.
269
%&$&.#&3rs
;«0. Tlen Anundu cume to tle Loid und suid: ¨Hull
ol tle loly lile is liiendsliµ, ussociution und intimucy
witl tle beuutilul.`
¨Suy not so, Anundu, suy not so! It is tle wlole
ol tle loly lile, not lull, tlis liiendsliµ, tlis ussociu-
tion, tlis intimucy witl tle beuutilul.`
%&$&.#&3ro
;so. Tleie is tlut condition wleie tleie is not
euitl, wutei, nie oi uii; wleie tleie uie not tle sµleies
ol innnite sµuce, innnite consciousness, notlingness, oi
tle sµleie ol neitlei-consciousness-noi-unconscious-
ness; wleie tleie is not tlis woild, tle woild beyond
oi botl togetlei, no sun und no moon; wleie tleie is
no coming to biitl, no going to deutl, no duiution und
lence no lulling oi uiising. It is not sometling nxed, it
does not move, it is bused on notling. Tlis indeed is
tle end ol sulleiing.
%&$&.#&3rt
;sr. ¨Loid, tleie uie tliee scents wlose liugiunce
sµieuds witl tle wind but not uguinst it. Tley uie tle
ioot scent, tle leuitwood scent und tle scent ol ßow-
270
eis. Is tleie uny soit ol scent tlut sµieuds witl tle
wind und uguinst it ulso?`
¨Tleie is sucl u scent, Anundu. In wlutevei
villuge oi distiict tleie is u mun oi womun wlo lus
tuken ieluge in tle Buddlu, tle Dlummu und tle
Sunglu und wlo µiuctises tle nve µieceµts, wlo lus
u lovely nutuie, wlo lives ut lome witl tle leuit liee
liom stinginess, wlo is oµen-lunded, deliglts in giv-
ing, being one to usk u luvoui ol, one wlo deliglts in
sluiing, tlen iecluses und Biulmins sing tle µiuise ol
one like tlis in ull tle loui quuiteis. Even tle gods sing
lis µiuise. Tlis is tle soit ol scent wlose liugiunce
goes witl tle wind und uguinst it ulso.`
%&$&.#&3rö
;s:. Music liom u nve-µiece ensemble
Cunnot µioduce us mucl deliglt
As tlut ol u one-µointed mind
Witl µeilect insiglt into tlings.
%&$&.#&3r0
;s;. Buliyu ol tle Buik Guiment usked tle monks:
¨Piuy, siis, wleie is tle Loid stuying ÷ le wlo is u
Noble One, le wlo is u lully uwukened Buddlu?`
¨Tle Loid lus gone into tle town to get ulms-
lood.`
271
So, Buliyu quickly lelt tle Jetu Giove, went
into Suvuttlti, und lound tle Loid in quest loi ulms-
lood. Hundsome le wus, good to look uµon, witl
senses culmed, tiunquil in mind, comµosed und con-
tiolled like u well-tiuined eleµlunt.
¨Sii, let tle Loid teucl me Dlummu so tlut it
will be loi my welluie und luµµiness loi u long time.`
¨You luve come ut tle wiong time, Buliyu. I
um getting my ulms-lood.`
A second und u tliid time le usked, so tle
Loid unsweied: ¨Tlis is low you must tiuin youisell.
Wlen, in tle seen tleie is }ust tle seen, in tle leuid
}ust tle leuid, in tle sensed }ust tle sensed und in
tle cognized }ust tle cognized, tlen tleie will be no
'tleieby', und wlen tleie is no 'tleieby' tleie will be
no 'tleieloie', und wlen tleie is no 'tleieloie', tleie
will be no leie, no tleie, no midwuy in between. Tlut
is tle end ol sulleiing.`
Tlen und tleie, becuuse ol tlis concise
Dlummu teucling, Buliyu's mind wus lieed liom tle
denlements.
%&$&.#&3:o
;s«. Now, Veneiuble Bluddiyu, son ol tle Kuli-
godlus, used to go to tle loiest, to tle ioots ol tiees
272
und to lonely sµots, und wlile tleie, would olten uttei
tle ciy: ¨Ol }oy! Ol }oy!`
Now, u gieut numbei ol monks leuid lim do
tlis und tley tlouglt: ¨Doubtless, Veneiuble Bluddiyu
is discontented witl tle loly lile, seeing us le en}oyed
tle luµµiness ol ioyulty wlen le wus u louseloldei.`
So tlose monks went to tle Loid und told lim
ol tlis, und le usked tlut Bluddiyu come to see lim.
Wlen le cume, tle Loid suid: ¨Bluddiyu, is it tiue us
tley suy tlut you go to tle loiest, to tle ioots ol tle
tiees und to lonely sµots, und tlut wlile tleie you olten
uttei tle ciy: ¨Ol }oy! Ol }oy!`
¨It is tiue, sii.`
¨And wly do you do tlis?`
¨Foimeily, wlen I en}oyed tle luµµiness ol
ioyulty, guuids weie set inside tle µuluce und outside
in tle uieu und beyond. Yet, ultlougl I wus well guuid-
ed, I lived in leui ÷ unxious, tiembling und uliuid. But
now tlut I live in tle loiest, ulone, I um witlout leui, I
um ussuied, conndent, unuliuid. Tlut is wly I uttei tle
ciy: ¨Ol }oy! Ol }oy!`
%&$&.#&3:r
;ss. An enligltened µeison is nutuiully endowed
witl u comµussionute nutuie und disµosition. He de-
273
siies to ulleviute tle sulleiing tlut beings sullei, und is
even willing to ielinquisl lis own body oi lile to do so.
Until le ieucles lis goul, le is willing to stiuggle und
stiive loi u veiy long time on u couise involving gieut
luidsliµ, witlout leui und witlout evei becoming dis-
enclunted witl ull tle sulleiing in tle iound ol exist-
ence, ull loi tle suke ol tle welluie ol otlei beings.
%&$&.#&3::
;so. Tleie uie tliee uigent duties ol u luimei.
Wlut tliee? Tle luimei gets lis neld well µlougled
und luiiowed veiy quickly. Tlen le µuts in tle seed
veiy quickly. Tlen le iiiigutes it veiy quickly. But tle
luimei lus no mugic µowei oi uutloiity to suy: ¨Let my
cioµs sµiing uµ toduy, let tlem eui tomoiiow und on tle
lollowing duy let tlem iiµen.` No! In due time tlis will
luµµen. In tle sume wuy, tleie uie tlese tliee uigent
duties ol u monk. Wlut tliee? Undeituking tle tiuining
in liglei viitue, liglei tlouglt und liglei wisdom. But
le lus no sucl mugic µowei oi uutloiity to suy: ¨Toduy,
tomoiiow oi tle next duy, let my mind be liee liom tle
denlements.` No! In due time tlis will luµµen us le
undeigoes tiuining in tlese tliee tlings. Tleieloie you
slould tiuin youiselves like tlis: ¨We slull be keen to
undeituke tle tiuining in tlese tliee tlings.`
274
%&$&.#&3:;
;st. ¨Tlut wlicl is not youis ÷ µut it uwuy.
Putting it uwuy will be to youi welluie und luµµi-
ness. And wlut is not youis? Body, leeling, µeiceµtion,
mentul constiucts und consciousness uie not youis.
So, µut tlem uwuy. Putting tlem uwuy will be to youi
µiont und welluie. It is }ust us il u mun slould gutlei
uµ, buin, oi do wlutevei le wunted witl ull tle giuss,
sticks und biuncles leie in Jetu Giove ÷ would you
suy: 'Tlis mun is gutleiing us, le is buining us, le is
doing wlut le wunts witl us? ¨'
¨No, Loid.`
¨And wly not?`
¨Becuuse tlis is not ouiselves, it is not us.`
¨Even so, body, leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul
constiucts und consciousness uie not youis.`
%&$&.#&3:«
;sö. At tlut time, u ceituin monk culled Tleiu wus
living ulone und commending sucl u lile. He enteied
tle villuge ulone, le ietuined ulone, le sut ulone und
wulked ulone. So, u numbei ol otlei monks went und
told tle Loid tlis, und le usked tlem to cull tlut monk
into lis µiesence. Wlen le cume, tle Loid suid to lim:
27S
¨Is it tiue us tley suy tlut you uie living quite ulone und
tlut you commend sucl u lile?`
¨Tlut is so, Loid.`
¨In wlut wuy do you live und commend?`
¨I entei tle villuge ulone, I ietuin ulone, I sit
ulone und wulk ulone.`
¨Tlut is living ulone, it is tiue, Tleiu. But
tleie is u wuy ol biinging to µeilection tle solituiy lile
tlut I will tell you. Wlen tle µust is µut uwuy, wlen
tle lutuie is given uµ und wlen tleie is no ciuving und
desiie in tle µiesent, tlen tle solituiy lile lus been
µeilected in lull.`
%&$&.#&3:s
;s0. You slould tiuin youiselves like tlis, tlinking:
¨We will be contented witl no muttei wlut iobes, lood,
sleltei oi medicine we get. We will be contented witl
wlut we get und do notling unseemly in oidei to get
sucl tlings. Il we uie not uble to get iobes, lood und so
on, we will not be µeituibed, und il we do get tlem we
will use tlem witlout clinging und inlutuution, doing
no wiong in oidei to get tlem, seeing tle dungei in
tlem und being wise to escuµing liom it.` Tlis is low
you slould tiuin youiselves.
276
%&$&.#&3:o
;oo. Since I went loitl
Fiom lome into lomelessness
I luve not been uwuie ol luving
Any ignoble oi lutelul tlouglts, sucl us:
¨Muy tley be killed, muy tley be sluuglteied,
Muy tley come to luim.`
Sucl tlouglts luve not ciossed my mind
Foi u long time.
On tle contiuiy, I um uwuie ol tlouglts ol
love,
Innnite, well-develoµed,
Piuctised in due oidei
As tuuglt by tle Buddlu.
I um u liiend to ull, u lelµei to ull,
Symµutletic to ull beings.
I develoµ u mind lull ol love
And deliglt ulwuys in luimlessness.
I gludden my mind
Wlicl is immovuble und unslukuble.
I develoµ tle divine stutes
Not cultivuted by evil men.
277
%&$&.#&3:t
;or. Aguin, it muy be undeistood by u µeison's
conveisution wletlei oi not le is comµetent to discuss
tlings. Il, on being questioned, u µeison evudes tle
question, clunges tle sub}ect, disµluys ungei, mulice oi
sulkiness, tlen le is incomµetent to discuss tlings. Il u
µeison does not do tlese tlings, tlen le is comµetent
to discuss.
Yet uguin, it muy be undeistood by u µeison's
conveisution wletlei oi not le is comµetent to discuss.
Il, on being usked u question u µeison louds scoin on
und beuts down tle questionei, luugls ut lim und tiies
to cutcl lim uµ wlen le lulteis, tlen le is incomµetent
to discuss tlings. Il u µeison does none ol tlese, tlen
le is comµetent.
%&$&.#&3:ö
;o:. Tley wlo luve luitl in tle Buddlu luve luitl
in tle best, und loi tlose wlo luve luitl in tle best tle
iesult is tle best.
%&$&.#&3:0
;o;. As bluck gum is µointed to us tle best ol liu-
giunt ioots, us ied sundulwood is µointed to us tle best
278
ol liugiunt woods, us }usmine is µointed to us tle best
ol liugiunt ßoweis, even so, tle exloitutions ol tle
good Gotumu uie tle liglest ol ull teuclings toduy.
%&$&.#&3;o
;o«. Tleie is un Unboin, un Unbecome, un Un-
mude, un Uncomµounded. Il tleie weie not tlis Un-
boin, Unbecome, Unmude, Uncomµounded, tlen tleie
would be no escuµe liom tle boin, tle become, tle
mude, tle comµounded. But us tleie is un Unboin, un
Unbecome, un Unmude, un Uncomµounded, tlen tleie
is un escuµe liom tle boin, tle become, tle mude, tle
comµounded.
%&$&.#&3;r
;os. And tle Loid suid to Mugundiyu: ¨It is like u
mun boin blind wlo cunnot see eitlei coloui oi sluµe,
tle even oi tle uneven, tle stuis, tle sun oi tle moon.
He miglt leui someone sµeuking ol tle µleusuie ol u
lovely, unstuined, µuie wlite clotl, und stuit seuicling
to get one. But someone miglt deceive lim by giving
lim u gieusy, giimy, couise iobe und by suying: 'My
good mun, tlis is u lovely, unstuined, µuie wlite clotl.'
He miglt tuke it und µut it on. Tlen lis liiends und
ielutions miglt get u µlysiciun und suigeon to muke
279
medicine loi lim, µotions, µuigutives, ointments und
tieutment loi lis eyes. Becuuse ol tlis le miglt ieguin
lis siglt und cluiily lis vision. Tlen tle desiie und
uttuclment le lud loi tlut gieusy iobe would go, le
would no longei considei tle mun wlo guve it to lim
u liiend. He miglt even considei lim un enemy, tlink-
ing: 'Foi u long time I luve been deliuuded, deceived
und cleuted by tlis mun.' Even so, il I weie to teucl
you Dlummu, suying: 'Tlis is tlut leultl, tlis is tlut
Niivunu,' you miglt come to know leultl, you miglt
see Niivunu. Witl tle uiising ol tlut vision, tle desiie
und uttuclment you lud loi tle nve clinging uggiegutes
miglt go. You miglt even tlink: 'Foi u long time I luve
been deliuuded, deceived und cleuted by tle mind, by
clinging to body, leeling, µeiceµtion, mentul constiucts
und consciousness. Conditioned by tlis clinging tleie
wus becoming; conditioned by becoming tleie wus
biitl; conditioned by biitl old uge, dying, giiel, soi-
iow, sulleiing, lumentution und desµuii cume into be-
ing. Tlis is tle oiigin ol tlis wlole muss ol sulleiing.`'
And Mugundiyu suid to tle Loid: ¨I luve
conndence tlut il tle good Gotumu weie to teucl me
Dlummu, I could iise liom my seut no longei blind.`
o
280
"##3&7*"5*0/4
A Anguttuiu Nikuyu Miln Milinduµuñlu
Cµ A Cuiiyuµituku Attlukutu Pm} Puiumuttlu}otiku
D Diglu Nikuyu S Sumyuttu Nikuyu
Dls Dlummusunguni Sn Suttu Niµutu
Dµ Dlummuµudu Tlug Tleiugutlu
DµA Dlummuµudu Attlukutu Tlig Tleiigutlu
It Itivuttuku Ud Udunu
J Jutuku Vbl Viblungu
JN Jutuku Nidunukutlu Vin Vinuyu
M Mu}}limu Nikuyu Vsm Visuddlimuggu
3&'&3&/$&4
Releiences to Dlummuµudu, Jutuku, Jutuku Nidunukutlu,
Suttu Niµutu, Tleiugutlu und Tleiigutlu uie to tle veise
numbei. Releiences to tle Cuiiyuµituku-Attlukutu uie to
tle µuge numbeis ol tle Buddlususunu Sumiti edition
ol tle Tiµituku. Releiences to otlei woiks uie to tle vol-
ume und µuge numbei ol tle Puli Text Society editions ol
tle Tiµituku. Releiences witlout un usteiisk indicute tle
Buddlu's own woids.
1 M I 401 7 Dµ 188-192 13 It 18
2 S V 4S7 8 S V 442 14 A V 87
3 M I 169 9 S V 9 1S S V 3S4
4 M I 480 ¯10 JN 120-122 16 A I 199
¯S D III 107 11 A IV 141 17 A II 68
6 M I 41S 12 Ud S6 18 D III 192
281
19 A II 94 49 A I 263 80 S II 93
20 A V 136 S0 A III 2S9 ¯81 S IV 2S2
21 M III 163 S1 A III 38 ¯82 Tlug 608-616
22 Sn 398-399 S2 A III 137 83 A I 123
23 A II 228 S3 S I 161 84 S III 118
24 It 68 S4 A III 63 8S A 14
2S A I 1S0 SS S V 17 86 M 146
¯26 D II 222 S6 M I 36 87 A IV 30
27 S V 396 S7 S V 326 88 M III 117-118
28 A V 79 S8 Dµ 121-122 89 A I 283
29 Dµ S3 S9 A I 1S 90 A II 249
30 A I 103 60 Sn 331-334 91 A I 10
31 Dµ 183,18S 61 S V 63 92 S I 71
Miln 394 62 A IV 6 93 A I 201
32 M I 197 63 D I 64 94 A IV 281
33 Tlug 1018- 64 Sn 98 9S It 72
1019 6S A IV 219 96 A III 207
34 A III 42 66 S V 120 97 A II 78
3S It 9 67 M I 11S 98 It 91
36 S III 1S1 68 A III 76 99 A II 22
37 M I 42S 69 A V 266 100 Dµ 42-43
38 A III 243 70 A I 294 ¯101 Cµ A 290
39 A II 69 71 S II 263 102 A IV 94
40 M I 4S4 72 S V 28 103 M I S08
41 M I 119 73 It 82 104 D III 184
¯42 J 37-38 74 A IV 8S ¯10S M II 140
43 M I 346 7S S I 220 106 A I 101
44 A III 1S 76 A II 24S 107 S V 226
4S S I 214 77 S V 10 108 A III 18S
46 S V 321 78 A III 6S 109 D II 93
47 A III 46 79 Dµ S0, 2S3, 110 A V 91
48 A II S9 1S9, 379 111 Vin IV 23
282
112 D III 184 144 A I 29 ¯176 Pm} 22
113 Dµ 184 14S A I 168 177 D I 9
¯114 M I 369 146 A III 330 178 S V 28
11S Vin IV 301 ¯147 JN 28-29 179 A V 2
¯116 A III 18S ¯148 A I 181 180 Vsm 294
¯117 Vsm IX 22 149 A I 9 181 A I 61
¯118 S IV 280 1S0 S V 364 182 It 20
119 A IV 83 1S1 M I 39 183 M I 142
120 M I 449 1S2 M I 272 ¯184 Vbl 272
121 A V 332 1S3 A IV 190 18S S IV 2S0
122 A II 194 1S4 S V 66 186 A II 140
¯123 Vsm 129 ¯1SS A I 6S 187 A II 127
124 S IV 317 1S6 A IV 269 188 Ud S1
12S A I 49 1S7 A I S3 ¯189 M I 294
126 It 98 1S8 A II 8 190 A II 143
127 A V 1S9 1S9 M I 426 ¯191 Vsm 318
¯128 Miln 383 160 A V 337 192 A V 10
129 Dµ 399 ¯161 A V 120 193 A IV 216
130 Dµ 16,18 162 D II 313 194 It 80
¯131 Tlug 382-384 163 A I S8 ¯19S S III 239
132 D III 186 164 Vin IV 4S 196 D I 71
133 A V 33S 16S D III 84 197 A III 247
134 S II 233 166 Sn 4S0-4S4 198 A II 146
13S A I 69 167 A I 249 ¯199 Cµ A 292
136 Pm} 21 168 D II 282 ¯200 A III 29S
¯137 Miln 318 169 A IV 362 201 A I 49
138 Vin I 3 170 Sn S74-S81 202 S I 1
¯139 Miln 19S ¯171 Tlig S11-S13 203 Ud S4
140 A I 161 172 A III 373 204 D II 113
141 Sn 601-611 ¯173 Miln 34 20S A III 71
¯142 Miln 84 174 A V 1S0 206 A V 21S
¯143 A III 237 17S It 111 207 M I 126
283
208 A V 40 240 M II 174 272 A IV 183
209 S I 42 241 D I 227 ¯273 S V 272
210 S II 264 ¯242 Dl A 273 274 A III 6
211 A I 69 243 M I 129 27S M II 241
212 S III 2 244 M I 424 276 S I 14
213 It 100 24S A IV 87 277 A I 12S
214 A III 287 246 D III 182 278 A I 10
¯21S Pm} 22 247 D I 72 279 M III 89
216 M I 4S 248 It 30 280 S V 169
217 Ud 68 ¯249 Dls 1328 ¯281 A III 19S
218 S III 1S4 2S0 D II 73 282 A II 48
219 A V 342 2S1 S I 163 ¯283 Dµ A 2S4
220 M I S00 ¯2S2 A III 202 284 Dµ 223
221 A II 172 2S3 Sn 149-1S0 28S Dµ 3-S
222 A II S1 2S4 D III 1S4 286 A I 248
223 A II 177 ¯2SS Dµ A 193 ¯287 Cµ A 304
224 A III 183 ¯2S6 Dµ A 94 288 A I 136
22S M I 124 2S7 S V 131 289 Sn 812
226 S V 407 2S8 M I 423 290 M I 23S
227 A II 97 2S9 A II 142 291 S IV 192
228 S V 40 260 It 1S 292 Vin V 19S
229 D III SS 261 Ud 87 293 S I 41
230 Sn S88 262 M I 97 294 A IV S
231 A I 121 ¯263 A V 194 29S A III 143
232 A II 9S 264 A IV 1S1 296 S V 1SS
233 A III 172 26S Vin IV 3S2 297 A III 144
234 D II 144 266 M I 479 298 D I 168
23S D I 3 267 S V 148 299 Sn 720-721
236 A V 121 268 D I 74 ¯300 Pm} 144
237 S V 369 269 Dµ 227 301 A IV 124
¯238 Miln 394 270 M I 161 302 A III 41
239 A II S 271 A II 46 303 Vin IV SS
284
¯304 JN 21-23 336 D II 101
30S S V 226 337 Sn 319-323
¯306 Miln 410 338 D I 84
307 S II 280 339 D I 7S
308 M I S9 340 Dµ 197-199
309 M I 140 341 M III 187
310 A I 21 342 S I 220
311 S IV 207 343 It 42
312 D III 78 344 S III 2S
313 D II 82 34S S V 217
314 A II 96 346 S V 168
31S A I 2S3 347 Vin IV 9
316 S II 10S ¯348 Tlug 363-364
317 M I S9 349 S V 2
318 A III 64 3S0 Ud 80
319 M I 126 3S1 A I 22S
320 A V 1S1 ¯3S2 Tlug 398
321 M I 13S 3S3 Ud 7
¯322 Dµ A 262 3S4 Ud 19
323 Dµ 227-229 ¯3SS Cµ A 278
324 S III 14 3S6 A I 229
32S D II 137 3S7 S III 34
326 D I 7S 3S8 S II 283
¯327 JN 168-169 3S9 S II 19S
328 D I 223 ¯360 Tlug 64S-649
329 S I 208 361 A I 197
330 S III 19 362 A II 34
331 S IV 197 363 M III 7
332 M I 283 364 Ud 80
333 S III 106 36S M I S11
334 S III 67
33S A I 86

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