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SAP R/3 ECC 6.0 PP Material Master Classification View - http://sapdocs.info

SAP R/3 ECC 6.0 PP Material Master Classification View - http://sapdocs.info

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05/11/2014

Testing: Unit Testing / User Manual

Module: Production Planning

ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM CLIENT : SAP R/3 ECC 6.0 : 200

UNIT TESTING SCENARIO SCENARIO NUMBER DESCRIPTION : : Classification View

PREPARED BY NAME DATE TEAM : : : Production Planning

APPROVED & TESTED BY NAME DATE TEAM : Nanhe Babu (PwC) : : Production Planning

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Classification View: Classes allow you to classify materials with the same characteristics. A material can be assigned to one or more classes. Classification data is valid for the whole company. From the Classification screen in the material master When you create classification data, the system asks you to choose a class type in a dialog box. If necessary, you can change the class type on the following screen, where you assign the material to one or more classes. Entries are made in the Description, Status, and Icon fields automatically on the basis of the classes you have chosen. If you have assigned the material to more than one class, you can flag one of the classes as the standard class. You can then assign values to the characteristics. For example, if the characteristic is color, you can assign it the value blue. 1. Transaction Code/ Path Menu Path T. Code Logistics  Materials Management  Material Master Material  Create (General)  MM01 – Create - Immediately MM01

In the MM01, select the Classification view for the material 2. Input Data 1. 2. 2 Enter the Material Specify the Plant Input Screen Name – Create Material: Initial Screen

Class Type & description which can be used to assign a material, is selected in Classification view.

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2.2 Input Screen Name – Create Material: Overview In order to assign Class to the Material, one needs to identify the characteristics which the material would be having as an attributes. Depending upon the attributes, the characteristics needs to be defined. These characteristics would be included in Class so that it could be used for other materials as well. The classification system allows you to use characteristics to describe all types of objects, and to group similar objects in classes – to classify objects, in other words, so that you can find them more easily later. Before you can use classification functions, you need to set up your classification system. The there are three steps to setting up a classification system: 1. Defining the Properties of Objects You use characteristics to describe the properties of objects. You create characteristics centrally in the system. Characteristics (CT04). 2. Creating Classes You need classes to classify objects. These classes must be set up. During set up you must assign characteristics to the classes. Classes (CL02/CL01) 3. Assigning Objects Once you have created the classes you require for classification, you can assign objects to these classes. You use the characteristics of the class to describe the objects you classify. This completes the data you require to use your classification system. You can then use your classification system to find objects that match the criteria you require. Once you have set up the classification system you can use it to find certain objects. To do this: · Find a class in which objects are classified · Find the object(s) you require in the class When you use classification to find objects, you use the characteristics as search criteria, and the system compares the values you enter with the values of the classified objects. 2.3 Input Screen Name – Create Characteristics: Overview

Characteristics:

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Menu Path T. Code

Logistics → Central Functions → Variant Configuration → Environment → Classification → Master Data → Characteristics. CT04

This transaction is for creation, change or display of the characteristics as well as their respective values. In order to define Characteristics in the system, all the characteristics needs to be identified with details such as values & description. The transaction is used for creation or change of new values for the respective characteristics which are further used in the follow up transactions like sales order creation, MRP etc through class assignments with the respective materials. 1. Enter the characteristic name for which the new value has to be added. 2. Select '
3.

' for creating the characteristic ’ for changing the characteristic.

Select ‘

4. Select ‘Values’ tab for going to the value screen of the characteristic. 5. Highlight the characteristic value row by clicking on the left column.
6.

Click on the ‘

’ icon to add one more characteristic value.

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7. In case of new entry one can directly enter the Char. Value & description 8. Additional Values Tick: This indicator determines whether values that are not defined as allowed values can be assigned to a characteristic. 9. Other Value Check: (I) Allowed values - the allowed values defined in characteristics maintenance are used to check a characteristic value (II) Check table - the check table entered in characteristics maintenance is used to check a value Funct. Module - the function module entered in characteristics maintenance is used to check a characteristic value

10. Basic data: A. Basic data Description – description of Characteristic Status - '0' : In preparation '1' : Released '2' : Locked Auth. Group - This key defines whether a user is allowed to maintain this characteristic. This authorization must be defined in the user master record. B. Format Data Type CHAR : Character format CURR: Currency format DATE: Date format NUM: Numeric format TIME: Time format When 'CURR' data type is selected, Number of Chars: Total number of characters that you can enter when you assign a value to this characteristic. This figure includes the number of

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Module: Production Planning

decimal places. This figure does not include plus or minus signs or decimal points. Length of Chars : 5 Decimal Places: Number of decimal places which can be entered when you assign a value to this characteristic It can be less than Number of Chars. Length of Chars : 5 Currency: Key for the currency in which the amounts are managed in the system. List of values available to select the currency. Data type CUKY & length is 5 When 'Date' data type is selected,

When 'NUM' Numeric data type is selected, Number of Chars: Max. no. of Chars: 15 Decimal places: Length of Char is 5 Unit of Measure: List of values available to select the Unit of Measure. Unit in which a numeric characteristic value is entered. When you assign a value to the characteristic, you can enter a different unit if it can be converted to the unit entered in characteristics maintenance. The dimension (such as length or volume) determines which units can be converted to which. When 'Time' data type is selected,

When 'Char' data type is selected, Number of Chars: Max. of chars is 30 Case Sensitive: This indicator determines whether lower-case letters can be entered in characteristic values. If this field is blank, the characteristic values entered are automatically converted into upper-case letters. Template: Entries for this characteristic are checked against this template You can only define template characters which have previously been defined via settings in Customizing. These settings determine whether a template can contain only letters, figures, figures or letters, or special characters.
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Numeric template characters can also be defined in Customizing. There are 3 options : standard format, predefined exponent & scientific format.

C. Value Assignment Single value: Indicator that determines whether only one value can be assigned to this characteristic Multiple Values: If there is an indicator in this field, more than one value can be assigned to a characteristic. There is an "or" relationship between the values entered. If you assign several values to a characteristic in the find objects function, and only one of these characteristic values is assigned to an object, the object appears in the search result. Interval Vals allowed: This indicator defines whether you can enter an interval as a value for a numeric characteristic Negative Vals Allowed: Defines whether negative values can be assigned to a characteristic. Restrictable: This indicator shows that the allowed values of this characteristic can restricted during Variant Configuration, depending on the configuration environment. You can only use this indicator in constraints. This indicator is not relevant to classification. Entry Required: Defines whether values must be assigned to the characteristic. 11. Descriptions:

Descriptions used for Characteristics defined. 12. Addnl data: You can define reference characteristics on the Additional data tab page. You can link documents with characteristics and define how the entry field looks in characteristic value assignment functions.

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You can link documents, such as drawings or photographs, with characteristics. Before you can link a document to a characteristic, you must create a document info record in the document management system Procedure for Value Assignment:

Not Ready for input - This indicator determines whether the characteristic is shown as available for entry on the characteristic value assignment screen. If you do not want a value to be assigned to a characteristic, you must select this indicator. For example, the value may be inferred from object dependencies No Display - If you select this indicator, the characteristic is not shown on the characteristic value assignment screen. You see the Hidden characteristics pushbutton on the characteristic value assignment screen. Choose this pushbutton to see the characteristic.If the Entry required indicator is set for the characteristic, you must assign a value to the characteristic, even if it is not shown on the screen. You see a dialog box before you leave the characteristic value assignment screen, in which you can assign a value to the characteristic. Display Allowed Values - Determines whether the allowed values for a characteristic are displayed after the characteristic when you assign values to a characteristic. User Entry Handling: Unformatted entry - This indicator is set automatically if you allow interval values for a numeric characteristic. The entry field for characteristic values is automatically extended to its maximum length of 15 characters 13. Restrictions:

If you only want your characteristic to be used for specific class types, you can enter these class types on the Restrictions tab page. • If you enter class types here, you can only use the characteristic in classes of these class types. • If you do not enter any class types here, you can use the characteristic in classes of any class type. 2.3 Class: Menu Path T. Code Logistics → Central Functions → Variant Configuration → Environment → Classification → Master Data → Classes. CL02 Input Screen Name – Create Class: Overview

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This transaction is for creation, change or display of the classes as well as for addition, change or deletion of their respective characteristics. The following entries are required to run this transaction:  Valid characteristic already defined in the system. The classes are further linked to the material master. Hence the link between the characteristics and the materials i.e. qualities is through the respective classes.

1. Enter the class name for which the change has to be done. 2. Select ‘ 3. Select '

’ for changing the characteristics / parameters in the class or ‘ ' for creating new class.

’ to display the class.

4. Select ‘Char’ tab for going to the characteristic screen where the change has to be made.

Class Type The class type is a central concept in the classification system. The class type determines how classes are processed, and how objects can be classified and retrieved in these classes. In Customizing for Classification, you define the settings for a class type. You define class types for a specific object type, such as materials. You can then use classes of this class type to classify objects of this object type All materials can be classified with class type 001. Class type 300 is for variant configuration. Class type 200 is for classes that are used as class items in bills of material.

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Class type: 001 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Basic data Keywords Char. Texts Document Std

Basic Data: Description – provided for the Class defined Status – Released, Locked or in preparation Class group - This string is used to group together related classes. The class group is used for finding classes quickly via a match code. Valid from – date from which the Class is valid Valid to – to date, which the Class is valid Same classification: Do not check - If you select this field, there is no system check for identical characteristic values. In this case, you can assign several objects that have the same values for all characteristics to the same class Warning message - If you select this indicator, you see a warning message if you try to assign different objects with the same classification to the same class. This check is not made until values have been assigned to all the characteristics of the class. If you did not assign a value to one or more characteristics, the program does not check for identical values. Check with error - This indicator determines that you see an error message if you want to assign different objects with the same characteristic values to the same class. This check is not made until values have been assigned to all the characteristics of the class. If you did not assign a value to one or more characteristics, the program does not check for identical values. Authorizations: Class maintenance - Authorization key that determines whether a user is allowed to maintain this class. This authorization must be defined in the user master record
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Module: Production Planning

Classification - Authorization key: determines whether a user is allowed to assign objects to this class. This authorization must be defined in the user master record. Find Object - determines whether a user is allowed to find objects to this class. This authorization must be defined in the user master record.

Keywords: String used for finding a class via match code. The description you entered on the basic data screen serves as the first keyword. Char: 1.Highlight the characteristic row before which the addition of new characteristic has to be made by clicking on the left column. 2. Click on the ‘ ’ icon to add one more characteristic value.

3. Add the predefined characteristic which has to be added in the class and press ‘enter’. 4. The user can also take ‘F4’ help to find the predefined characteristic by clicking ‘ on the blank characteristic field. 5.Select ‘ ’ to save the class with the new value. Similar transaction steps are used for changing the existing characteristic of the class. Just select the value to be changed, change the old value and the description and select ‘ ’ to save the changes. Similar transaction steps can be used to delete the unwanted characteristic . Just highlight the value to be deleted, select ‘ changes. ’ to delete the selected line and then select ‘ ’ to save the ’ after clicking

: Please be careful while deleting the characteristic. They might have been used somewhere. Document: Document can be attached to the Class
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Texts: You can enter texts in several languages on the Texts tab. Choose Extras → Change language. The source language text is always shown, so that you can translate it into any other language. To create a new text, choose Create.

If you want to maintain a text with a specific template, choose Create by copying. You see a dialog box for selecting the class you want to use as a template. Select the text and choose STD: If you want to create classes according to a specific standard you can enter data about the standard on the Std tab. The fields on this screen only apply to DIN standards. Standardshows the standards organization, such as DIN, ISO, or ANSI. Standard number Number of the standard that this class describes, such as DIN 933 (hexagonal bolts), or ANSI B18.6.1 (wood screws). Standard description Short text describing the class in DIN 4001. The standard description is stored as a long text. You can enter or display the standard description on the Texts tab well as on the Std tab. Standard title Long text describing the standard. You can enter or display the standard title on the Texts tab well as on the Std tab. Issue date Date on which DIN issued the standard. Version date Number of the current standard version. Chars table Name of the relevant characteristics table according to DIN. Choose.

Class Type : 002 In class type 002, Basic Data, Keywords, Char. & Texts tabs are available with same details.

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Module: Production Planning

Class Type: 200 All the Tabs are same as of Class Type 001. The description are mentioned in the above document.

Class Type: 300 All the Tabs are same as of Class Type 001. The description are mentioned in the above document.

2.4

Input Screen Name – Create Class: Overview

The bill of material (BOM) of a configurable material contains all the components that are required to manufacture the material. The BOM contains components that are only used in specific variants (variant parts), as well as components that are used in all variants (non-variable parts). ICt represents the category of the components. In this case, it is ‘K’ i.e. class item.

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