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Cordillera

Cordillera

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Published by Leah Arnaez
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Published by: Leah Arnaez on Sep 25, 2013
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Cordillera

Cordillera, a name given by the Spanish
Conquistadors when they first saw the mountain ranges. Meaning "knotted rope", the Spanish term refers to the jumbled rolls and dips of this long-range traversing the northern part of Luzon Island. Today, if one is to generalize one of the six ethno-linguistic tribes as an "Igorot" is They are pagan people, living simple lives to considered degrading. Living amidst the rice appease their gods. Their rituals celebrate their terraces that tower over Northern Luzon are a daily lives - a good harvest, health, peace, war, and people whose way of life existed long before any other symbols of living. Such traditions have Spaniard or other foreigners stepped foot on the survived the changing scope of the Philippines Philippines. The Bontoc, Ifugao, Benguet, Apayo, and the tribes continue to maintain their cultures and the Kalinga tribes reign over Luzon's that are a part of the colorful cultural fabric known mountain terrain. as Philippine culture.

Banga

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endayan Lumagen / Tachok Tribe: Kalinga Origin: Luzon When the Kalinga gather to celebrate a happy occasion like the birth of a first-born baby boy. B Bendayan Origin: Benguet Province. are balanced on the heads of maidens as they trudge to the beat of the "gangsa" or wind chimes displaying their stamina and strength as they go about their daily task of fetching water and balancing the banga. which are usually in a group of six or more. L umagen 2 . keeping true to the dance's context and meaning. Northern Luzon Also popularly called Bendian. as many as seven or eight at a time. or gongs. Music is provided by gangsa. Long known as a dance to celebrate the arrival of successful headhunters. this circle dance of the Benguet of Mountain Province is restaged. Heavy earthen pots. or a budong (peace pact). It is part of every Benguet festivity with the circles slowly giving way to other formations and interpretations. The Banga or pot dance is a contemporary performance of Kalinga of the Mountain Province in the Philippines. a wedding. the Kalinga Festival Dance (Tachok) is performed. The dance imitates birds flying in the air. This is danced by the Kalinga maiden.Banga Tribe: Kalinga "Banga" literally mean pots. the Bendayan has taken a new face. This dance illustrate the languid grace of a tribe otherwise known as fierce warriors.

M anmanok Manmanok Tribe: Bago Three Bago Tribe roosters compete against each other for the attention of Lady Lien. They use blankets depicting colorful plumes to attract her. carrying water pots on their heads and wearing the colorful hand-woven "blankets of life" around their necks. R agsaksakan 3 . Their walk imitates the climb up the Rice Terraces in the Mountain Provinces of the Philippines. Ragsaksakan Tribe: Kalinga This dance portrays the walk of the industrious Kalingga women.

A Kalinga wedding dance is an important celebration. He simulates the movements of a rooster at love play. wedding. Salip Tribe: Kalinga Tribes in the mountain provinces of Luzon preserve their identity. victory in war and thanksgiving. The dance starts when each of the dancers are given a pice of cloth called ayob or allap. performed by a male and female (and thus is sometimes called the "cayoo" dance).S alisid Salisid Tribe: Kalinga The Salidsid is the Kalinga courtship dance. The bridegroom offers the bride the protection and comfort of his blanket. Their dances celebrate important events in life such as birth. The background and meaning in this dance is evident. customs and lore. The male simulates a rooster trying to attract the attention of a hen while the female imitates the movements of a hen being circled by a rooster. Usually the most important people in the village are the second to dance after the host has signified that the occasion is formally open. aspiring to attract and seize his love. The bride's friends are ready to help prepare the bride by offering "bangas" (earthen pots) filled with fresh water from the mountain spring. T urayen S alip 4 .

eastern Bontoc. T arektek (click on the image) U Uyaoy / Uyauy Tribe: Ifugao The Ifugao people are said to be the "children of the earth. meaning burned". Most of them converted to Christianity. and those who live alongside Christianized Ilokano groups have more or less adjusted to settled agriculture of mixed crops.Turayen Tribe: Gaddang Origin: Cagayan Valley Gaddang comes from the word ga. changed it to Ifugaw. however." The Spaniards. The Gaddang live in the middle of Cagayan Valley and speak a language similar to Ilokano. One Male woodpecker rhythmically bang on a brass gong to represent a good voice. Small and scattered groups in southeastern Kalinga. meaning "heat" and dang. Wealthy people (Kadangyan) who have performed this dance are entitled to the use of gongs at their death yaoy (click on the image) 5 ." The term Ifugao is derived from the word ipugaowhich literally means "coming from the earth. This Ifugao wedding festival dance is accompanied by gongs and is performed by the affluent to attain the second level of the wealthy class. a term presently used in referring not only to these people but also to their province. In this dance. while the other swish about a colorful blanket representing beautiful plumage. Tarektek Tribe: Benguet Two tareketek woodpeckers vie for the attention of three females. and Isabela regions retain their indigenous religion and practice swidden agriculture (the cutting back and burning of existing vegetation to produce temporary farming plots) with supplementary hunting and fishing. the Gaddang imitate birds attracted to tobacco trees.

the gangsa is played in two ways. 6 . which is played one gong per musician. it is possible to play different harmonics through overblowing—even with the rather weak airflow from one nostril. and depends on the tradition of a particular ethnic group of the Luzon Cordillera: Kalinga. the musicians play the surface of the gangsa with their hand while in a sitting position.Cordillera's Musical Instruments 1. In the "pattung" style of playing. consists of gangsa tuned to different notes. Finger holes in the side of the bamboo tube change the operating length. Thus. the players are standing. Kalaleng or Tongali (nose flute) Because the kalaleng is long and has a narrow internal diameter. Players plug the other nostril to increase the force of their breath through the flute. Ifugao. Bontoc. A set of gangsa. or they keep in step with the dancers while bending forward slightly. In the "pattung" style. with a single gangsa resting on the lap of each musician. Gangsa is a single hand-held smooth-surfaced gong with a narrow rim. giving various scales. this nose flute can play notes in a range of two and a half octaves. a gangsa is suspended from the musician's left hand and played with a padded stick held in the musician's right hand." In "toppaya" style. 2. etc. One way is called "toppaya" and the other is called "pattung. The number of gangsa in a set varies with availability. depending on regional or local cultural preferences.Among the Kalinga people in the Cordillera region of Luzon Island.

Saggeypo it is a bamboo pipe that is closed on one end by a node with the open end held against the lower lip of the player as he blows directly across the top. Kullitong. Tongatong is a bamboo percussion instrument used by the people of Kalinga to communicate with spirits during house blessings.bamboo buzzer 4. Bungkaka. When you hit it against soft earth a certain drone reverberates though the instrument's open mouth. Diwdiw-as is 5 or more different size of slender bamboo that is tied together. 6. it could put the audience and the dancers in a trance. 5. 8.polychordal bamboo tube zither 7 . It is made of bamboo cut in various lengths. The pipe can be played individually by one person or in ensembles of three or more.3. When an entire set of Tongatong is played in interloping rhythm and prolonged with the tribal chanting. 7. Solibao is hallow wooden Igorot drug topped with pig skin or lizard skin this is played by striking the drum head using the palm of the hand.

baliing = nose flute tumpong = Philippine bamboo flute used by the Maguindanaon.bamboo leg xylophone 10. Patangguk. half the size of the largest bamboo flute.bamboo lip-valley Cordillera's Musical Instruments gangsa kalinga = gangsa are handmade by the Kalinga tribe of the Northern Philippines (in the Cordillera mountain range) they are used in traditional dances andd used to summon the gods for good fortune. 8 . This masculine instrument is usually played during family gatherings in the evening and is presently the most common flute played by the Maguindanaon.9. A lip-valley flute like the palendag. Ulibaw. the palendag. tongatong = A Tongatong is a bamboo percussion instrument used by the people of Kalinga to communicate with spirits during house blessings.bamboo jaw’s harp 11. Pateteg. Paldong. the tumpong makes a sound when players blow through a bamboo reed placed on top of the instrument and the air stream produced is passed over an airhole atop the instrument.bamboo quill-shaped 12. It is made of bamboo cut in various lengths.

bamboo zither = any stringed musical instrument whose strings are the same length as its soundboard. The bamboo pipe is closed on one end by a node with the open end held against the lower lip of the player as he blows directly across the top. The European zither consists of a flat. The pipe can be played individually by one person or in ensembles of three or more. shallow sound box across which some 30 or 40 gut or metal strings are stretched. saggeypo = Stopped pipes found in northern Philippines are the saggeypo (Kalinga) and the sagayop (Bontok).When you hit it against soft earth a certain drone reverberates though the instrument's open mouth.It is 5 or more different size of slender bamboo that is tied together. diwdiw-as = is one of he Cordillera instrument. it could put the audience and the dancers in a trance. When an entire set of Tongatong is played in interloping rhythm and prolonged with the tribal chanting. 9 .

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