BIODIESELS

FUELING THE FUTURE

MUKUL NARAYAN AEC&RI KUMULUR, TRICHY

Rudolf Diesel
q
in Designed diesel engine 1894 to run on peanut oil q“The use of vegetable oils for engine fuels may seem insignificant today. But such oils may become in the course of time as important as

What is biodiesel?
Alternative fuel for any diesel engine qFrom renewable resources such as soybeans, Jatropha, algae etc… qUsed in pure form (B100) or blended with petroleum
q

qGeneral Definition: Biodiesel is a domestic, renewable fuel for diesel engines derived from natural oils such as soybean oil, Jatropha oil, algae etc. Can be used in any concentration with ordinary diesel.

Advantages Of Biodiesel
Produced from sustainable / renewable biological sources Ecofriendly and oxygenated fuel Sulphur free, less CO, HC, particulate matter and aromatic compounds emissions Income to rural community

Fuel properties similar to conventional fuel Used in existing unmodified diesel engines Reduce expenditure on oil imports Non toxic, biodegradable and safety to handle India is importing the oil of Rs. 90,000 crore per year. By mixing biodiesel in to diesel, our country can save Rs. 40,000 crore.

Biodiesel Blends
B100 = 100%

biodiesel B20 = 20% biodiesel + 80% petroleum diesel
B10 = 10% biodiesel + 90%

petroleum diesel petroleum diesel petroleum diesel

B5 = 5% biodiesel + 95% B2 = 2% biodiesel + 98%

B100 vs. B20
Emission Type Carbon Monoxide Hydrocarbons Particulates Nitrogen Oxides Carcinogens Mutagens Carbon Dioxide * B100 43.2% 56.3% 55.4% 5.8% 60% - 90% 80% - 90% 78.3% B20 12.6% 11% 18 % 1.2 % 12% - 20% 20% 15.7%

* Life cycle emissions of CO2 Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Golden, Colorado

Biodiesel B20 A Better Fuel vs. Diesel
Feature s Benefit s

§More mileage §Greater horsepower §Less smoke §Smoother running engines §Quicker starts §Longer engine life §Reduced maintenance

The development of a more productive oilseed is a key strategic objective

Lower cost

Higher quality

•Lower input costs •Requires less water •Lower land costs •Higher oil content

•Higher lubricity •Higher cetane •Better cold flow properties •Better oxidative stability

Results in a sustainable competitive advantage

A Comparison

From the Farmer to the Fuel Tank
Oilsee d Energy Crop R&D Farmin g M eal Crushin g Crop Oil

Biodies el Biodiesel Production Marke t

Glyceri n

JATROPHA CURCAS

thousand litres of oil per hectare 0 1 2 3 4 5 6

Soybea n Sunflowe r Rapesee d Casto r Jcwasteland Jc- intensive Oilpalm

Comparison with other crop seed oils

Developmental stage selection in oil production

4 4

5 6

5 8

6 3

7 0

7 7

ALGAE AS A SOURCE FOR BIODIESEL
Algae culture is really easy to grow The minimum requirements for algae to grow are water, nutrients and sunlight The oil extracted from algae can be mixed with gasoline to be used

Advantages Of Algae
It can be grown faster It can be grown anywhere in earth About 50% of algae contains oil Algae can produce in excess of 10,000 gallons of fuel oil per acre annually It can be sent directly to a refinery for conversion into gasoline, kerosene or aviation fuel.

ECOFA

A NEW ASPECT OF BIOFUELS..

Biofuel obtained from garbage and organic waste We grind the waste and mix with water Added to a mixture of bacteria that eat waste and produce fat After a week, by decanting, we will get oil from the mixture This oil is called ECOFA…

Advantages Of Ecofa
Requires no power Micro organisms are the producers of this fuel

CONCLUSION
Biodiesel is a substitute for fast depleting fossil fuel. In future, it could reduce the price of automobile fuel. Our country is endowed with lots of oil producing crops. Research is being carried out now to convert vegetable oils in to biodiesel process. through Wide many use of biotechnological

biodiesel in our country is going to be a reality in the days to come.

References:
www.biodiesel.org www.biodieselmagazine.com www.jatrophaworld.com www.wikipedia.org

THANK YOU