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lordshiva

lordshiva

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02/04/2013

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I praise that Supreme Truth which is Knowledge Absolute, which is to be known through
the Vidya of the Tripura-Tapini-Upanishad.

The Lord assumed the form of destructive ferociousness and then He covered Himself all
over the three worlds, Bhuh, Bhuvah and Svah. Then He had that power of the Adi-Sakti, i.e., the
Adi-Sakti burst out from His heart. This is the Sakti called the Maya of Siva and She is understood
by the fundamental syllable ‘Hrim’. The whole universe was then covered by this Sakti. Since She
covered the three worlds or Tripuras, She has been styled as ‘Tripura’.

This Tripura Sakti has the following Vidya called Sri Vidya which can be derived from the

following Vedic Mantras:

t:ts:ev:t:Øv:ürðNy:ö B:g::ðü dðv:sy: D:im:eh . eD:y::ð y::ð n:H
)c::ðdy:at:Î . p:r:ð rj:s:ð s:av:d:ðm:Î .
j:at:v:ðds:ð s:Øn:v:am: s::ðm:m:rat:iy:t::ð en:dhaet: v:ðdH .
s:n:H p:\:üdet: dÙg:aüeN: ev:Ã:a n:av:ðv: es:nD:Øö dÙert:aty:egn:H ..
*y:öb:kö y:j:am:hð s:Øg:enD:ö p:ØeÄv:D:ün:m:Î .
Uv:aü,kem:v: b:nD:n:anm:àty::ðm:Øüx:iy: m:a|m:àt:at:Î ..

tatsaviturvareõyaü bhargo devasya dhãmahi | dhiyo yo naþ
pracodayàt | paro rajase sàvadom |
jàtavedase sunavàma somamaràtãyato nidahàti vedaþ |
sanaþ parùadati durgàõi vi÷và nàveva sindhuü duritàtyagniþ ||
tryaübakaü yajàmahe sugandhiü puùñivardhanam |
årvàrukamiva bandhanànmçtyormukùãya mà.amçtàt ||

This Vidya consisting of one hundred letters is the Supreme Vidya in its entirety. This is

Paramesvari, Tripura Herself.

Out of the above Mantras, the first four stanzas deal with the exposition of the glory of the
Para-Brahman. The second set of stanzas deals with the Mahima of Sakti. The third set deals with
the glory of Siva Himself.

In this Vidya, all the worlds, all the Vedas, all the Sastras, all the Puranas and all the
Dharmas have been dealt with and this is the Effulgence that has come out of the combination of
Siva and Sakti.

91

LORD SIVA AND HIS WORSHIP

Now, we shall comment on the most important and the hidden meanings of these verses.
Here the great word ‘Tat’ means Para-Brahman Itself, the Eternity. This is the symbol used for that
Lord who is beyond all definitions and arguments. This Lord is the embodiment of Supreme
Knowledgeitself.Thatis,HewishestobeintheformofKnowledgeAbsolute.Healoneisthegreat
LordSivawhoisalwaysdesiredbysages,Yogins,etc.,inYajnas.Thereforethereisthecreationof
desire.

Thus, this Lord who is beyond the reach of all desires, still desires and is being desired. He
creates the alphabetical list of language. Therefore, the Lord is called ‘Kama’ or desire. The letter
representing Kama is called ‘Ka’. Therefore the word ‘Tat’ represents the letter ‘Ka’. This is the
meaning of the word ‘Tat’.

‘Savituh’ comes from the Sanskrit root-word ‘Sunj Praniprasave’, which means the
Generator or producer of all beings. He is the great Power. Power means Sakti. This great Sakti or
Devi called Tripura, is embodied in the Mahakundali (Yantra). Thus, the fire-globe (of the sun)
should be known by the intelligent. This Sakti or power of Trikona (triangular figure) bears out the
letter called ‘E’. Therefore we should learn the word ‘E’ from the word ‘Savituh’.

‘Varenyam’ means that which is fit to be adored and worshipped, which is the imperishable
andthepraiseworthy.Therefore,itshouldbeunderstoodthattheletter‘E’shouldbetakenfromthe
word ‘Varenyam’. ‘Bhargo’ and ‘Dhimahi’ will be now commented upon. The letter ‘Dha’ means
Dharana or concentration. The Lord is always concentrated upon by the ‘Dhi’ or the intellect or
Buddhi. ‘Bharga’ is the Lord Himself who can be understood only by reaching the fourth stage or
Avastha and this is the Being that pervades all and all. The letter representing this fourth stage is
called ‘I’ and this is the real meaning of the above-mentioned words of the Mantra. We shall now
talk of the word ‘Mahi’. ‘Mahi’ means greatness, idleness, strength, stubbornness, and this applies
to that element which possesses all these qualities. That is the earth which is represented by the
letter‘La’.ThisistheSupremestate.Thus,thisLakarashowsthequalityoftheearthinitsbeingthe
embodiment of all oceans, forests, mountains and the seven islands. Therefore the form of Devi
called the earth, is termed ‘Mahi’.

Now about ‘Dhiyo Yo Nah Prachodayat’. Para or the Supreme is the Imperishable Siva
Himself, the Eternal Soul. The underlying meaning here is this: We should meditate on the
immobile form of Lakara or Jyotirlinga or Lord Siva which is the most supreme thing that ever
exists anywhere. Here, there is no desire for any Dhyana whatsoever. It is beyond all Dhyanas.
Therefore, we are requesting the Lord to direct our minds to be established in that Nirvikalpa State
where there is no thinking at all. This request should not be made through the mouth. It should be
simply thought of in the mind.

Then‘ParoRajaseSavadom’.AftermeditatingontheformoftheSupremeTruth,therewill
come out a big effulgence, pure and blissful, full of knowledge which is residing inside the heart.
This is the essence of all speech and Knowledge. This is the true Sakti. And this is called the
Panchakshara, since it is the creator of the Pancha Bhutas or the five elements. This should be
understood correctly by the intelligent.

92

THE SAIVA UPANISHADS

This is the Vidya giving all desires to the devotee. Thus, after understanding in its true
aspect,thisVidyaofthirtytwoletters,thedevoteeShouldthinkofthelettercalled‘Ha’whichisthe
form of Siva, who is the Imperishable, pure State. The letter derived out of the combination of the
sunandthemoon,thatis,thecombinationofSivaandSaktiis‘Ha’anditisalsonamedas‘Hamsa’.
This is the seed of Kama. Through this Vidya, we can know the Supreme Lord Siva.

This combination is also understood as being the merging of the Jivatma in the Supreme
Paramatman. Thus ‘Ha’ means the Eternal Stage or the Final Emancipation.

This is the derivation of the Sri Vidya. One who knows this, attains the form of Rudra. He
bursts open the residence of Vishnu and reaches the Para-Brahman.

Then about the second Mantra. This Mantra glorifies the Mahima of Tripura Devi.

By the word ‘Jata’ Lord Siva is meant. He who gave birth to the first letters of the
‘Varna-Matrika’oftheformofthe‘Bindurupa’ofOmkaraintheverybeginningiscalled‘Jata’.Or
else, it may also be said that because He desired at the very beginning the fulfilment of His Kama,
whenHewasjustborn,Heiscalled‘Jata’.TheKnowledgeofDeviTripurashouldbethuscarefully
analysed in the same manner by dissecting the Mantra into its different words (according to
Mantra-Sastra). Then all kinds of ‘Raksha’ or defence can be had from this Mantra. The first thing
thatistobeunderstoodhereisthat‘Jata’istheOneLord,theEffulgentBeing.Thisshouldbetaken
as the foundation of all Vidyas pertaining to Tripura. Here, it should also be understood that the
letter‘Sa’referstothepowerofSaktiandtheletter‘Somam’referstotheStateofSiva.Whosoever
knows this becomes famous and important.

Thus,thisVidyawhereDeviTripuraresidesatalltimesshouldbetakentobethebasisofall
Vidyas and the devotee should always be studying this Vidya and reciting it. This Vidya is the
embodiment of the Powers of Siva and Sakti. This Vidya is called the limb of Sri Tripuramba
Herself. The same Vidya, when used for meditating purposes, is called ‘Sarvatodhira’.

TheSriVidyaChakraofTripuraistheKingofallChakras.Thisgivesone,anythingthathe
wants and this can be worshipped by anybody, without restriction. This Chakra is the gateway to
Moksha, and Yogins after bursting the Brahman through this Vidya, attain that permanent Bliss.
This Chakra is the house of Tripuradevi.

Then about the Mrityunjaya Anushtup Mantra. ‘Tryambakam’ (Trayanam Ambakam)
means the ‘Lord of the three’ worlds. ‘Trayanam’ means ‘of the three’ worlds. ‘Ambakam’ is the
Lord of it. ‘Yajamahe’ means ‘Sevamahe’ or do service. Besides this, the word ‘Mahe’ means
‘Mrityunjaya’ or the destroyer of death. Therefore, the word ‘Yajamahe’ is very important here.

The word ‘Sugandhim’ means ‘to derive fame from all quarters’. And the word
‘Pushtivardhanam’means‘onewhocreatesalltheworlds,preservesalltheworlds,pervadesallthe
worlds and gives salvation to all the worlds’.

‘Urvarukam’ means ‘cucumber’. ‘Urvarukamiva Bandhanan Mrityormukshiya Mamritat’.
Acucumberistiedwitharope.Similarlythehumanbeingandothercreaturesaretiedbythebonds

93

LORD SIVA AND HIS WORSHIP

of Samsara. Here, it means to deliver the earthly beings from the Mayaic bond to the Eternal Bliss,
just as a cucumber is delivered free from the creeper.

ApersonwhowantstoconquerdeathshouldrepeattheMantra‘Mrityunjaya’.etc.Onewho
wishes to become Rudra, should make use of the Mantra ‘Om Namah’. Then he will certainly
derive the best benefit out of it.

Then there is another Mantra. ‘Tad Vishnoh Paramam Padam’, etc. Vishnu is one who
pervades all the universe. His supreme state which is just like the sky is called ‘Paramam Padam’.
‘Surayah’ means scholars or those intelligent who have understood the Reality, i.e., Brahma, etc.
That Supreme State of Vishnu is lying or residing in each and every being. By ‘residing’, we mean
‘Vasati.’ Therefore, He is called ‘Vasudeva’. The powerful twelve letters of Sri Vasudeva ‘Om
NamoBhagavateVasudevaya’,areeverything.Theyaresufficienttoabsolveonefromallsins.The
knower of this Mantra reaches that Brahma-Purusha who is in the form of the embodiment of the
three letters A, U and M.

Then, we have got another powerful Mantra ‘Hamsa Suchishat’, etc. This is the great
Mantra of the Sun-God. And the other Mantra which is to be known is ‘Gananam Tva’, etc. This is
the Mantra of Ganapati. One who knows and repeats these Mantras that belong to Siva, Vishnu,
Surya and Ganapati, will get the direct revelation of Devi Tripura.

IntheGayatri,therearefourforms.Inthemorning,SheiscalledGayatri.Inthenoon,Sheis
calledSavitri.Intheevening,SheiscalledSarasvati.SheisalwayscalledAjapawhenSheishaving
the fourth Pada with Her. This Devi is having the form of fifty alphabets from the letter ‘A’ to the
letter ‘Ksha’. All the Sastras and the world are covered by the Devi in this form. Prostrations to Her
again and again.

So, any devotee who worships Devi Tripura with these Mantras, becomes the true seer of
the Reality. He then attains Moksha. This should be known correctly by everybody.

Now,weshallexpoundtheKarmakandaoftheTripura-worship.ThisSaktiortheAdimaya
directs the Supreme Brahman. That Brahman is Knowledge Absolute, and is termed Paramatman.
ThisSupremeBeingistheHearer,Knower,Seer,Commander,PerceiverandtheSupremePurusha
who resides in the Atman of all beings. This is to be known. There is no world, no non-world, no
God, no non-God, no being, no non-being, no Brahmin and no non-Brahmin, at all. Thus shines the
Nirvana called Para-Brahman.

The mind that is thinking of something, is called Baddha. That which does not think of
anythingiscalledMukta.ThenonlythisBrahmancanbeunderstood.Therefore,everybodyshould
keep his mind free from thoughts of objects.

Until the mind is devoid of all thoughts, one should try to control the Pranas. This is the
eternal knowledge. All other things are merely unnecessary scriptural descriptions. There is no
difference between thinking and non-thinking in the Para-Brahman. All are same there. There is
nothing to be thought of and there is nobody to think.

94

THE SAIVA UPANISHADS

Thusfinally,thedevoteeshouldunderstandgraduallythatBrahmanishisownSelfandthen
he will attain the Blissful Emancipation.

NowtheSupremeTruthisrevealed.Thereisnoonewholongsforliberation,thereisnoone
who is liberated, there is no Vairagya, there is no Sadhana, there is no destruction.

There are two Brahmans, namely Sabda Brahman and Para Brahman. One who has
mastered the Sabda Brahman, attain to the Para Brahman. After acquiring all the knowledge
through books, the intelligent man should throw away those books, just like the husk thrown away
by one who wants only the internal kernel of the grain.

Thus the Supreme Brahman-State is described. One who knows this Great Vidya should be
worshipped by others. There is no doubt about it. This is the great Upanishad.

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