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The Blessing of Levi. His Urim and Thummim.

The Blessing of Levi. His Urim and Thummim.

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Published by GLENN DALE PEASE

BY WM. PARKINSON, A. M.



DEUT. xxxin. 811. And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim
and thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove at
Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meri*
bah; who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not
seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew
his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy
covenant. They shall teach Jacob thy Judgments, and Israel
thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt
sacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, Lord, his substance, and ac
cept the work of his hands : smite through the loins of them
that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise
not again.

BY WM. PARKINSON, A. M.



DEUT. xxxin. 811. And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim
and thy Urim be with thy Holy One, whom thou didst prove at
Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meri*
bah; who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not
seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew
his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy
covenant. They shall teach Jacob thy Judgments, and Israel
thy law: they shall put incense before thee, and whole burnt
sacrifice upon thine altar. Bless, Lord, his substance, and ac
cept the work of his hands : smite through the loins of them
that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise
not again.

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Published by: GLENN DALE PEASE on Sep 26, 2013
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12/16/2013

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upon his heart before the Lord continually," meaning
whenever he officiated with these on his breast, b

As the representative, therefore, of all the congre-
gation of Israel and of them only, the high-priest, on
the great day of atonement, offered the sacrifices for
sin, on the brazen altar.* Even in perform ing this work,

the priest might be said to go in before the Lord ; be-
cause, in order thereto, he went into the outward court,
where on the day of atonement, as on the day of his
consecration, he might be said to kill the sacrifice
before the Lord. Exo. xxix. 11. evertheless, by
his going in before the Lord, (Exo. xxviii. 30,) seems
chiefly to be meant his going in before the Lord to
peform his service in the two apartments within the
tabernacle, properly so called.

Accordingly, on the day of atonement, and as the
representative of all the congregation of Israel, he
entered into the most holy place. And though he is
said to have entered there once every year, the sense
is not that he entered there only " once every year,"
but, that the day of atonement on which he entered,
occurred only once every year. See Exo. xxx. 10, and
Levit. xvi. 34. For the history of the matter plainly

b Exo. xxviii. 30.

* Levit. xvi. 11. 15. 24. Comp. Chap.ix. 7,8, 9. 15, 16. 18. This
altar is called the brazen (Exo. xxxix. 39.) because the wood of it, ac-
cording to Chap, xxxviii. 1, 2, was overlaid with brass. It is also
called the altar of burnt offering, (Exo. xl. 6, 29,) because the bodies
of the animals offered upon it, (after their blood was drawn and dis-
posed of,) were burnt partly upon the altar itself, and partly without
the camp. Levit. xvi. 25, 27 Heb. xiii. 11. It stood in the open
court, near the door of the tabernacle, that is, the hanging or cur-
tain, through which was the door of entrance into the holy place, called
also the first tabernacle, Exo. xxvi. 36, 37, xl. 6, 29. Heb. ix. 2.

SEE. IX.] HIS URIM A D THUMMIM. 277

shows, and the best commentators, Jewish and Chris-
tian, are all agreed, that on the day of atonement,
annually, the high-priest entered that sacred place
three several times.

The inspired account of his work on that day runs
thus. He commenced it by bringing the bullock to
the altar of burnt-offering, where he killed and offer-
ed it as a sin-offering for himself and his house.
This done, 1. He entered into the most holy place,
taking with him " a censer* full of burning coals of
fire from off the altarf before the Lord, and his hands
full'' (either each separately filled, or what we call a
double handful) " of sweet incense." According to
the Mishna,l he put the incense into a cup, which he
carried in his left hand, while he carried the censer
full of burning coals in his right hand, till he came
within the vail, where he put the incense upon the
burning coals, and the smoke of it, like a cloud,
covered the mercy-seat, that he might not die by
looking upon the symbol of God's presence which there
appeared/ Having returned for the blood of the
bullock, 2. He entered taking that with him in a
bason, out of which, with his finger, he sprinkled
some of it upon the mercy-seat eastward. This

Levit. xvi. 6. 11.

* That of gold, the use of which, on the day of atonement, be-
longed to the holy of holies* Heb. ix. 4.

f By which is meant the brazen altar of burnt-offering, on which
the fire was kept constantly burning. Levit. vi. 9, 12, 13.

f C. 5. Sect. 1.

d Levit xvi. 12, 13. Comp. ver, 2. e Ver. 14.

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