TITLE XIII - CRIMES AGAINST HONOR

I. LIBEL A. Nature 1. Civil 2. Criminal 3. Constitutional U.S. vs. Bustos B. Elements - Art. 353 1. Publicity 2. Malice 3. Defamatory imputation 4. Identity of offended person Newsweek vs. Intermediate Appellate Court C. Defenses 1. Privileged communication a. Absolute privilege b. Qualified privilege - Art. 354, pars. (1) and (2) Mercado vs. CFI, Rizal 116 SCRA 93 Santos vs. CA 203 SCRA 110 Sazon vs. CA 255 SCRA 692 2. Truth a. Imputation of a crime, if made in good motives and with justifiable ends - Art. 361, par. 1 b. Imputation not of a crime, if made against a Government employee and 142 SCRA 171 37 Phil. 731

Incriminating innocent persons . Alagao B. 355 2. Prohibited publication of acts referred to in official proceedings . and offer to prevent publication .Art. 356 3.Art.S. 358 Victorio vs. Persons responsible 2. 362 1. Libel in writing. Intriguing against honor . 357 4. INCRIMINATORY MACHINATIONS A.Art. 359 F. etc.Art. 254 6. CA 173 SCRA 645 376 U. Offenses and Penalties 1.Art. 2 D. Procedural rules 1. Imputation of a private offense II. Simple Slander . Rebuttal . Jurisdiction and venue Soriano vs. . Intermediate Appellate Court 3.Art.Art.Art. Actual malice Constructive malice New York Times vs. 361. par.related to the discharge of his duties . 364 16 SCRA 879 167 SCRA 222 2 . 358 5. Slander by Deed . Grave Slander . 2.Art.Art. 363 People vs. Sullivan E. Threatening to publish.