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Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 1. Which of the following does NOT belong to the protistans? a bacteria . b protozoans . c chrysophytes . d dinoflagellates . e euglenoids .


2. All but which of the following are members of the same kingdom? a Amoeba . b Clostridium . c Euglena . d Trypanosoma .


3. Most protistans are a autotrophic. . b heterotrophic. . c unicellular. . d multicellular. .


4. The simplest of the eukaryotes are the a protistans. . b plants. . c fungi. . d animals. . e both a and c .


5. Which of the following is mismatched? a slime mold-multinucleated blob of cytoplasm .

b . c . d . e .

sporozoans-nonmotile parasites Sarcodina-ciliates Chrysophyta-golden algae and diatoms Mastigophora-flagellated protozoans


6. The group characterized by its use of rhizoids when feeding on plants in muddy habitats is a water molds. . b chytrids. . c oomycetes. . d sac fungi. . e club fungi. .


7. The failure of the potato crop and the subsequent Irish famine was due mainly to a fungus belonging to which group? a chytrids . b imperfect fungi . c club fungi . d ascomycetes . e water molds .


8. Slime molds are classified as a protistans. . b fungi. . c protozoans. . d protistans and protozoans. . e protistans, fungi, and protozoans. .


9. The signal for aggregation and communal activity by cellular slime molds is

a . b . c . d . e .

a pheromone. cyclic AMP. glycoprotein slime. RNA. unidentified as yet.

____ 10. Cellular slime molds can be distinguished from plasmodial slime molds on the basis of a reproductive structures. . b spore formation. . c nuclei per cell. . d slime trails. . e food requirements. .

____ 11. Protozoans can be classified on the basis of their a photosynthetic nature. . b life cycle. . c unique structures. . d type of motility. . e feeding habitats. .

____ 12. Protozoans are placed into four groups on the basis of a cell membrane and cell wall components. . b heterotrophic or autotrophic mode of nutrition. . c means of locomotion. . d characteristics of the nucleus. .

____ 13. Which of the following are NOT able to carry on photosynthesis? a cyanobacteria . b euglenoids . c chrysophytes .

d protozoans . e dinoflagellates .

____ 14. Pseudopodia are characteristic of which of the following groups of protozoans? a ciliated . b flagellated . c amoeboid . d sporozoan .

____ 15. Which of the following organisms does NOT move by pseudopods? a amoebas . b foraminiferans . c diatoms . d heliozoans . e radiolarians .

____ 16. Structurally, the most complex unicellular organisms are a viruses. . b bacteria. . c dinoflagellates. . d ciliates. . e amoebas. .

____ 17. Paramecium is a representative of the a sporozoans. . b amoebas. . c flagellates. . d euglenoids. . e ciliates. .

____ 18. Which of the following specialized structures is NOT correctly paired with a function? a gullet-ingestion . b cilia-food gathering . c contractile vacuole-digestion . d anal pore-waste elimination . e ribosome-protein synthesis .

____ 19. When under attack ciliates can eject sticky threads called a vacuoles. . b trichocysts. . c cysts. . d pseudopods. . e pellicles. .

____ 20. Which of the following has a simple sort of sexual reproduction called conjugation? a ciliates . b flagellates . c sporozoans . d amoebas . e euglenoids .

____ 21. Which of the following diseases is NOT caused by a flagellated protozoan? a malaria . b sleeping sickness . c Chagas disease . d vaginal trichomonas . e intestinal giardiasis .

____ 22. Protozoans cause all but which of the following diseases? a dysentery . b African sleeping sickness . c malaria . d elephantiasis . e trichomonal infections of the reproductive tract .

____ 23. The phylum Mastigophora includes a ciliated protozoans. . b brown algae. . c flagellates. . d members of a group known as sporozoans. . e heliozoans. .

____ 24. All but which of the following are protozoan parasites of humans? a Trypanosoma . b Trichomonas . c Euglena . d Entamoeba .

____ 25. The least mobile protistans include a euglenoids. . b ciliates. . c sporozoans. . d dinoflagellates. . e flagellates. .

____ 26. The sporozoan parasite Plasmodium infects cells of which of the following? a blood

. b . c . d . e .

liver brain both blood and liver blood, liver, and brain

____ 27. The term "algae" is used primarily for organisms in the kingdom(s) a Monera. . b Protista. . c Plantae. . d Monera and Protista only. . e Monera, Protista, and Plantae. .

____ 28. The term phytoplankton a is a taxonomic division of the algae. . b is a common term for unicellular, photoautotrophs. . c includes both unicellular and multicellular forms. . d refers to small, aquatic plants. .

____ 29. Which of the following is NOT true of Euglena? a It moves by pseudopodia. . b It contains chloroplasts. . c It absorbs nutrients such as vitamins from its environment in a heterotrophic manner. . d Its cell body is not surrounded by a cell wall. . e none of these; all statements are true .

____ 30. A pellicle is a (an) a defensive organ. . b covering. . c organelle of motion. . d storage organ.

. e component of the nucleus. .

____ 31. Euglenoids a sometimes reproduce faster than their chloroplasts, so that colorless euglenids are . produced. b may become a serious parasitic infection in some small children. . c reproduce by conjugation. . d usually can survive only in light. .

____ 32. Certain euglenoids are unique among the protistans in that they a possess flagella. . b reproduce by longitudinal fission. . c are heterotrophic and autotrophic. . d are multicellular. .

____ 33. Diatoms are characterized by all but which of the following? a overlapping shells . b classification as chrysophytes . c silica composition . d flagella . e perforations in the shell .

____ 34. The gritty substance you may feel on your teeth after using toothpaste is actually a small deposits of sand. . b diatomaceous earth. . c cellulose from dinoflagellates. . d a synthetic abrasive. .

____ 35. The pigment that makes chrysophytes golden-brown is a phycobilin. . b chlorophyll.

. c algin. . d fucoxanthin. . e carrageenan. .

____ 36. "Red tides" and extensive fish kills are caused by population "blooms" of a Euglena. . b specific dinoflagellates. . c diatoms. . d Plasmodium. . e fish. .

____ 37. Dinoflagellates a may produce red tides that poison and kill fish. . b produce a poison that builds up in the tissues of mussels and may kill humans that eat . infected mussels. c may undergo a population explosion that turns the ocean red or various colors. . d are mostly photosynthetic marine plankton. . e all of these .

____ 38. Dinoflagellates are characterized by all but which of the following? a They secrete neurotoxins that can kill fish. . b They spin like tops as they swim. . c They poison shellfish such as clams, oysters, scallops, and mussels. . d They have two shells that fit together like petri plates. . e They are photosynthetic. .

____ 39. "Red tide" neurotoxins are produced by members of which phylum? a Chrysophyta .

b Pyrrophyta . c Sarcomastigophora . d Ciliophora .

____ 40. The red algae are classified as a Rhodophyta. . b Chlorophyta. . c Phaeophyta. . d Bryophyta. . e Pterophyta. .

____ 41. Red algae a are primarily marine organisms. . b are thought to have developed from green algae. . c contain xanthophylls as their main accessory pigments. . d all of these .

____ 42. Red algae can live in deeper water because of a phycobilins. . b holdfasts. . c chlorophyll a. . d stonelike cell walls. . e their preference for freshwater habitats. .

____ 43. Agar is produced by a brown algae. . b red algae. . c phycobilins. . d brown and red algae. . e red algae and phycobilins. .

____ 44. Macrocystis, kelp, and Sargassum are examples of a Rhodophyta. . b Chlorophyta. . c Phaeophyta. . d Bryophyta. . e Pterophyta. .

____ 45. Holdfasts, gas-filled floats, and a thick leathery surface are found in species of a red algae. . b brown algae. . c bryophytes. . d green algae. . e blue-green algae. .

____ 46. Of the following which is characterized by complex structural morphology, sporophyte-dominant structures, and an abundance of xanthophylls? a Rhodophyta . b Phaeophyta . c Chlorophyta . d Bryophyta .

____ 47. Which of the following parts of a brown alga does not have a counterpart in land plants? a blade . b stipe . c float . d holdfast .

____ 48. A source for a thickening, emulsifying agent found in ice cream, salad dressing, beer, toothpaste, cough syrup, and floor polish is the

a . b . c . d . e .

seed plants. ferns. brown algae. red algae. green algae.

____ 49. All but which of the following terms may be used in descriptions of brown algae? a Phaeophyta . b algin . c kelp . d xanthophyll . e phycobilin .

____ 50. The largest algae would be included in which of the following groups? a brown algae . b red algae . c green algae . d blue-green algae .

____ 51. Most freshwater algae belong to which phylum? a Rhodophyta . b Chlorophyta . c Phaeophyta . d Bryophyta . e Pterophyta .

____ 52. Green algae (chlorophytes) are thought to be the ancestors of land plants for all but which of the following reasons? a All have carotenoids and xanthophylls. . b All have chlorophyll a and b. . c They developed a cuticle and rhizoids that are characteristic of primitive land plants.

. d They store excess carbohydrates as starch. . e all of these .

____ 53. Which pigment is NOT characteristic of Chlorophyta? a chlorophyll a . b xanthophyll . c carotenoids . d phycoerythrins . e chlorophyll b .

____ 54. The unicellular alga Chlamydomonas a lacks an asexual stage. . b lacks a sexual stage. . c lacks a haploid and a diploid phase. . d possesses both a haploid and a diploid phase. .

____ 55. Green algae and land plants are similar in all but which of the following characteristics? a types and proportions of photosynthetic pigments . b storage of carbohydrate in the form of starch . c cell walls composed of cellulose . d haploid dominant life cycles . Short Answer Five Groups Answer the following questions using the five groups listed below: a. sporozoans b. amoebas c. euglenoids d. dinoflagellates e. trypanosomes 56. Refer to Five Groups. This group of protozoans has no locomotor organelles. 57. Refer to Five Groups. Possesses eyespot for detecting light needed for photosynthesis.

58. Refer to Five Groups. Move by means of pseudopodia. 59. Refer to Five Groups. Neurotoxin from this group can kill humans. 60. Refer to Five Groups. Chagas disease and African sleeping sickness are caused by members of this group. Protozoans Answer the following questions in reference to the four groups of protozoans listed below: a. Mastigophora b. Sarcodina c. Sporozoa d. Ciliophora 61. Refer to Protozoans. The common amoeba, Amoeba proteus, is a member of this group. 62. Refer to Protozoans. The radiolarians, which produce glass shells, are members of this group. 63. Refer to Protozoans. The malarial parasite Plasmodium is a member of this group. 64. Refer to Protozoans. This group derives its motility from the presence of a flagellum. 65. Refer to Protozoans. An organism commonly used in competition experiments is the Paramecium, which belongs to this group. Other 66. Four of the five answers listed below are members of the same kingdom. Select the exception. a. archaebacteria b. protozoans c. chrysophytes d. dinoflagellates e. euglenoids

67. Four of the five answers listed below are protistan structures. Select the exception. a. cell membrane b. pili c. mitochondrion d. eyespot e. food vacuole 68. Four of the five answers listed below are related by a common category. Select the exception. a. amoebas b. euglenas c. foraminiferans d. radiolarians e. heliozoans

69. Four of the five answers listed below are related by a similar category. Select the exception. a. golden algae

b. c. d. e.

red algae green algae blue-green algae brown algae

70. Four of the five answers listed below are protozoans. Select the exception. a. amoeboids b. dinoflagellates c. ciliates d. sporozoans e. flagellates

71. Four of the five answers listed below are amoeboid protozoans. Select the exception. a. amoebae b. foraminiferans c. heliozoans d. radiolarians e. diatoms

72. Four of the five answers listed below are related by a common association. Select the exception. a. Pyrrophyta b. Chlorophyta c. Chrysophyta d. Cyanobacteria e. Rhodophyta

73. Four of the five answers listed below are organelles found in eukaryotes. Select the exception. a. mitochondria b. mesosomes c. chloroplasts d. nuclei e. vacuoles