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Indian Political System and Voting

Indian Political System and Voting

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Published by Shruti Wani

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Published by: Shruti Wani on Sep 27, 2013
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Indian Political System (Loksabha and Rajyasabha) Political System at State level How many times do I vote? First Time Voters Voted before, BUT… Getting Voters ID Card (Not mandatory) Don’t want to vote for ANYONE? State-wise website links of Election commissions

Parliament of India
Loksabha (House of People/Lower House)
  Maximum 550 Members + 2 to represent Anglo-Indian Community These members are representative of their constituency and are chosen directly by Indian Residents in General Election Whichever party gets majority members among these 550, forms Government and chooses the Prime Minister Next General Election in 2014 will be India’s 16th Loksabha Election.  

Rajyasabha (Council of States/ Upper House)
It is a constant council and Members sit for 6 years, with one third retiring every two years Maximum 250 members out of which 12 are chosen by the President from the field of art, music etc. The rest of the members are elected from Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) of respective states (MLAs) Members have same perks as Loksabha members. Both are called MP (Member of Parliament). The Vice-president of India is Chairman of Rajyasabha

Elections every 5 years to elect all members
Leader is called ‘Speaker’ and is elected by the members

The cabinet ministers and state ministers can be from any house

State Government
Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly/Lower House)
   60-500 Members, called MLA (Member of Legislative Assembly) Members are directly elected by Residents of the state in State elections. Whichever political party has majority votes, forms the state government and chooses the  Only in 6 bicameral states – Maharashtra, AP, Bihar, J&K, Karnataka, UP

Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council/ Upper House)
  Less than one third of Vidhan Sabha Members 1/3rd members are elected by members of local bodies, 1/3rd by MLAs, 1/12th from teaching, 1/12th from graduates etc. Members are called MLC (Member of Legislative Council) Members sit for 6 years, with one third retiring every two year Head is called ‘Chairman’ and is elected from the members

Chief Minister
  Election every 5 years. Head is called ‘Speaker’ and is usually of the stronger political party   


Your State
Your town/city Your Ward

You elect the ward representative & thus ‘corporator’ of your town/city in Nagar Palika election You elect the MLA of your constituency and thus the Chief Minister of your state in State Assembly Election You elect the MP of your constituency and thus the Prime Minister of your country in General Election (2014)

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All you need is to be above 18 years of age and your name in the Electoral Roll of your constituency. VOTING ID (EPIC) IS NOT NECESSARY FOR VOTING!! If you are a first time voter:
o Know your constituency here (Its your hometown or current

place of residence for more than 6 months) o Fill up form 6 on ECI website or on jaagore.com or with Electoral Registration Office (ERO) at your constituency o Follow up religiously till your name appears on the electoral roll o Vote for your next PM 

If you have voted before, but not sure if you can vote now.
o Check if your name is included in the Electoral Roll here. o If not, fill form 6

If you have voted before, but want to change your details like name, age, DOB etc.
o Fill form 8 and send it to your ERO

If you are living in different country, but will be present in India on the day of voting (useless!!)
o Fill form 6A and send it by post to the ERO of the constituency

which includes the address in your passport

If you have voted before, but now live in different location (constituency) since more than 6 months
o Go to your hometown where your name appears in the electoral

roll and vote there
o Fill Form 7 and send it to your previous location ERO office by

post or personally. o Fill form 6 and submit at your current location ERO

If you have voted before, but now live at different location in the same constituency
o Fill form 8A and send it to your ERO

You do not need Voters ID card to vote. However, if you want to have one, you can do this at the time of submitting form 6 or after your name appears in the list at ERO At specific time periods, Election Commission of India (ECI) organizes drives to issue voter ID cards to all registered voters through Designated Photographic Locations (DPL). During these drives, the ECI advertises in all major newspapers of the state. Citizens whose names appear on the voters' list are also given information notices by the EROs of each area. The notices issued contain useful information such as the name and age of the person, the house number, the constituency number, and the polling booth or part number. It also mentions the date on which the voter IDs will be issued for a particular polling booth / part and address of DPL. Once the voter receives the notice, he/she must visit the DPL which is generally a school or government office in the locality. Each DPL will usually have two systems equipped with digital cameras. The voter ID card is issued in 10 to 15 minutes

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Earlier it was useless Rule 49-0 where invalid vote had no value NOW, Indians have RIGHT TO REJECT (Negative Voting) There will an option of NOTA (None Of The Above) on the EVM machine or ballot paper If the voter is not satisfied with any of the candidates contesting, they can select NOTA option. When a large number of voters will press NOTA button, it will force political parties to choose better candidates

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1) Online voter Registration for Tamil Nadu:-http://elections.tn.nic.in/eregistration.htm List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://www.indianembassy.it/EROTamilNadu.pdf 2) Online voter registration for Madhya Pradesh:http://india.gov.in/outerwin.php?id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ceomadhyapradesh.nic.in%2Flogin_reg.aspx List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://ceomadhyapradesh.nic.in/ERO.aspx 3) Online voter registration for Kerala:-http://www.ceo.kerala.gov.in/eregistration.html List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/nri/ERO/Kerela.pdf 4) Online voter registration for Andhra Pradesh:-http://www.ceoandhra.nic.in/ceonew/home.aspx (look for E Registration Form 6 link) 5) Online voter registration for Karnataka:-http://www.voterreg.kar.nic.in/ Chief Electoral Officer:- 6) Voter registration for Maharastra:-http://ceo.maharashtra.gov.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://ceo.maharashtra.gov.in/ERO.pdf Mumbai:-http://www.mahasec.com/PDF/List_of_designated_locations/ERO/Mumbai_Suburban_ERO.pdf 7) Voter registration for Orissa :- http://ceoorissa.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://ebookbrowse.com/orissa-eros-list-pdf-d127872533 8) Voter registration for West Bengal:-http://ceowestbengal.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://www.indianembassy.it/EROWestBengal.pdf 9) Voter registration for Uttar Pradesh:-http://ceouttarpradesh.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://srdnagar.nic.in/DEO/Telephone/ERO.pdf 10) Voter registration for Arunachal Pradesh:-http://ceoarunachal.nic.in/

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11) Voter registration for Assam:- http://ceoassam.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):-http://www.hcikingston.com/reg_forms/4-assam-listof-electoral-registration-officer.pdf 12) Voter registration for Bihar:- http://ceobihar.nic.in/ 13) Voter registration for GOA:- http://ceogoa.nic.in/ Check Election machinery on bottom left panel. List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):http://ceogoa.nic.in/erolist_new.aspx 14) Voter registration for Gujarat:-http://sec.gujarat.gov.in/voter-reg.htm 15) Voter registration for Haryana:-http://ceoharyana.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs) :http://ceoharyana.nic.in/List%20of%20EROs.pdf List of AEROs :http://ceoharyana.nic.in/List%20of%20AEROs.pdf 16) Voter registration for Himachal Pradesh:-http://ceohimachal.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):http://indembminsk.org/files/notifications/himachal_pradesh_list_eros.pdf 17) Voter registration for Jammu and Kashmir:-http://ceojammukashmir.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):http://ceojammukashmir.nic.in/ERos_AERos.html18) Voter registration for Manipur:-http://ceomanipur.nic.in/ 19) online Voter registration for Meghalaya:-http://ceomeghalaya.nic.in/ (look for E registration) List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs):http://ceomeghalaya.nic.in/contact.htm 20) Voter registration for Mizoram:-http://ceomizoram.nic.in/

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21) Voter registration for Nagaland:-http://ceonagaland.nic.in/ 22) Voter registration for Punjab:-http://ceopunjab.nic.in/English/home.aspx 23) Voter registration for Rajasthan:-http://ceorajasthan.nic.in/ List of Electoral Registration Officers (EROs) :http://ceorajasthan.nic.in/ECI-ERO-AERO-08.htm 24) Voter registration for Sikkim:- http://ceosikkim.nic.in/ 25) Voter registration for Tripura:-http://ceotripura.nic.in/index.asp 26) Voter registration for Chhattisgarh:-http://ceochhattisgarh.nic.in/ 27) Voter registration for Jharkhand:-http://www.jharkhand.gov.in/ceo/ List of Electoral Registration Officers :http://www.jharkhand.gov.in/ceo/EROs.pdf 28) Voter registration for Uttarakhand:-http://ceo.uk.gov.in/ 29) Voter registration for Andaman & Nicobar:-http://ceoandaman.nic.in/ 30) Voter registration for Chandigarh:-http://ceochandigarh.nic.in/ 31) Voter registration for Dadra & Nagar Haveli:-http://ceodnh.nic.in/ 32) Voter registration for Daman & Diu:-http://ceodaman.nic.in/ 33) Voter registration for Lakshadweep:http://ceolakshadweep.gov.in/home.html;jsessionid=ECF2E252EF3F93117E0417E96914B368 34) Voter registration for Puducherry:-http://ceopondicherry.nic.in/ 35) Voter registration for Delhi:- http://ceodelhi.gov.in/

List of Electoral Registration Officers:http://ceodelhi.gov.in/WriteReadData/userfiles/file/ContactUs/ERO.pdf Election Commission Of India: http://eci.nic.in/eci_main1/index.aspx

Go Vote!

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