EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’

materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner, Colin Hastings, Michael Gedes

THE POLITICAL JUNGLE
Alth o u gh ma ny pr o jec t ma na ge rs co ns ide r ' po litic s' a d ir ty w or d , th ey e nc o un ter it d a ily . Th ey c a n n ev er es cap e its pr ese nc e , an d th e p ro jec t ma n ag er s w ho tr y to avo id it w ill fa il to ma n ag e th eir pr o je c ts suc ce ss fu lly ( se e Fig ur e 8 .1 ) .

What is 'politics'?
Po litics r ea lly mea ns th e p ow er s tru gg le a n o the r to h av e th e ir s ay an d wa y . Th ey a cq u ir e re so urc es , o r to ba rg a in w ith ma n ag er s . And th e go a l is to sa tis fy wa n ts ,

w h er e pe op le co mp e te w ith o ne ma y co m p e te for mor e mon ey , to ma n a ge men t a nd o th er pr o je c t n o t n ec ess ar ily n ee ds .

   

Po litica l su ic id e ( los ing yo ur jo b) , n o t po litica l s urv iv a l  L imite d o r no o pp or tu n ity for in flue nc e an d de c is ion - mak ing  L imite d o r no o pp or tu n ity for p ow er a nd co n tr o l R e duc e d qu a n tity a n d /o r q ua lity o f r eso ur ce s (e .g . ma n po we r , fu nd ing , e q u ip men t, s o ftwa re ) L ac k o f 's ucc ess fu l' or 's ign ific a n t' co nn o ta tio n a ttac h ed to yo u a nd th e p r o jec ts y o u a re as s ig ne d Ammu n ition fo r y ou r en e mie s L imite d o r no v is ib ility to u p pe r ma na g e me n t L imite d o r no o pp or tu n ity for me n tor or sp ons or su p po r t So me on e e ls e' s sc ap e go a t Figur e 8 .1 C on se qu e nce s o f n o t b e in g a wa re o f p o litics

Po litics e sp ec ia lly man ifes ts its e lf in a p ro jec t e nv iro n me n t. Emp loy ee s wo rk fo r p ro jec t man ag er s wh o lac k th e p owe r to g iv e ra is es or a d min is te r d isc ipli n e . Th e p ro jec t ma na ge rs c o mp e te fo r sca rc e r es ou rc es , s uc h a s mo n ey , e qu ip me n t, a nd pe o p le , ov er w hich th ey h av e little c on tro l. Bu t p o litics ap pe ar s in a ll as p ec ts o f b us ine ss , w h e th er in man a ge men t or a mo ng the r an k - an d- file . Politics is a r ea lity ; a ll en viro n men ts ar e p o litica l in o n e w ay or a no th er . Th e c lien t wa n ts a p ro d uc t a t the low es t pos sib le p rice an d e ffor t bu t o f the h ig he s t q u a lity . The te a m me mbe rs se ek to a pp ly the ir ex p er tis e in a co s t e ffe c tiv e a nd qu a lita tiv e man n e r . Th e p r oje c t ma na g er w an ts to b uild th e p r od uc t on sc h e d u le , w ith in bu d ge t, an d of s up er ior qu a lity . All p ar ties a re s tr iv ing for th e s a me go a l, tha t is , to d e live r a p ro du c t. Th e iss u e is o fte n o ve r w h ose ' ag e nd a' d e ter min es th e d ir ec tion a nd mo d us o pe ra nd i o f th e pr ojec t.

r eg ar d c er ta in ind iv id ua ls o n y o ur tea m as p r ima d o nn as w ho se p lac e is to w or k an d no t p a r tic i p a te in me e tin gs w ith th e c lien t. Yo u ca n ex pe r ie nc e s er iou s pr ob le ms if y o u co n tra d ic t th es e p e rc ep tion s . Viola ting th e se va lue s c an h av e s ev er e r ep er cu ss io ns. If y o u s u bsc r ib e to tha t s ch oo l o f th ou g h t. co ns is ting o f n o r ms a nd b e liefs . y o ur te a m s e eks a p ar tic ip a tive ma n ag e me n t s ty le . fo r e xa mp le . Ag a in . a nd th e clien t. Th es e v a lues . Co n flic t w ill a r is e tha t c an ma ke pr o jec t man a ge ment v e ry d iffic u lt. R o le p er ce p tions a re o n e in d ic a tor . in c lud e d is miss a l. y ou mu s t ass es s the a tmo sp he re . Colin Hastings. th e te a m. ma n ag e me n t may v ie w y ou r s ty le as a we akn es s .ta ng ible fa c to rs . If y o u wa n t to s u rv iv e – n o t n ec es sa r ily b e in g th e v ic tor – th is c ha p ter sh o u ld in ter es t yo u . as d o es yo ur pr o je c t tea m. a cq u ir ing as muc h in for ma tio n as p oss ib le a b ou t the no n . a r e ex pr ess ed in s ev er al . Ev en yo ur o wn p e rc ep tion s o f a pr o je c t man ag er 's r o le ma y co n flic t w ith ma n ag e me n t. Michael Gedes Th e k ey to su rv iv a l a s a p ro jec t man a ge r in a p o litica l e nv ir on me n t me a ns e mp loy in g tac tic s th a t to s o me pr o je c t ma n ag e rs ma y n o t ap pe ar pr o fess ion a l. Bu t yo u r s ty le is ve ry pa r tic ipa tive . Yo u ma y occ as ion a lly fac e co n f lic ting e xp ecta tio ns c on c e rn ing a p ro jec t ma n ag er 's r ole . y ou c an s till be pr o fess io na l an d s ur v ive p o litic ally . In fa c t. y o ur man ag e men t ma y e xp ec t yo u to h av e a ve ry d o mina ting in flu e nc e ov er the a ffa i r s o f y our pr o je c t if it p lac es little v a lue on p a r tic ip a tiv e man ag e men t. An o th er c lue to th e po litica l e nv ir o n men t is th e va lues tha t an o r ga n iz a tio n h o ld s up re me . th e p hys ica l e nv ir on me n t fre q ue n tly r e ve a ls th e no n . a r e o fte n s an c tified by ma na ge me n t a nd e mp lo ye es a lik e . Yo ur ma n a ge men t h as c er ta in p e rc ep tion s c onc e rn ing th e b eh av iou r or pe r for man ce o f a p ro jec t ma na ge r . Disco vering the political environmen t Be fo r e y ou c an p er fo rm in a h igh ly po litic a l e nv iro n men t. Th is c ircu ms ta nc e o cc ur s fre q ue n tly an d le ad s to ten sio n b ec au se man y te a m me mb e rs mak e c o mme n ts tha t s h ow a lac k o f a pp re c ia tion o f th e bu s in ess pe rsp ec tive o f th e p r o jec t a n d the re by ra is e a po litic a l s to rm.EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. Th e c us to mer ha s c er ta in p erc ep tio ns . Th ey may . y ou c a n ign or e th is ch ap te r bu t a t y ou r o wn p er il. Th ese p e rc ep t ion s r a is e e xp ec ta tions a bo u t wh a t pr o jec t man ag er s mu s t do a nd ho w th e y s ho u ld b eh av e . You r ec e ive p re ss ur e fr o m b o th p ar ties a nd y ie ld to th e te a m me mb ers b ec a use the pr ojec t be n e fits i n the lon g ru n .ta ng ib le fa c tors w h ic h give yo u in fo r m a tio n a b ou t yo ur p o litica l e nv ir o n me n t. Fo r in s ta nc e . In cid en ta lly . s ome o ffic ia lly pr o mu lga te d an d o th er s no t. Th es e va lue s . Ye t th es e ind iv id ua ls mig h t b e a tten d ing the me e tin gs to ac qu ire o r c lar ify r e qu ir e men ts . ma na g e me n t migh t ex pe c t yo u to ad op t a n au th or itar ian s ty le . Tha t me a ns loo k in g a t mo re th an the phy s ica l e nv iro n me n t. As a r esu lt. Ye t.

a nd p r o c ed ur es ar e thr e e w ay s v a lu es a r e c o mmu n ic a te d to th e w or k fo rc e an d to o th e rs . A te n d e ncy ex is ts o n p r ojec ts to de d ic a te r e so ur ces to c od in g w h ile s ho r tc h an g in g o th er ac tivities . pe rs on a lity .EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. Still. L e ar n in g the in for ma l po we r s tru c tur e is an o th er wa y to a sc er ta in a n o r ga n iz a tio n' s p o litic a l e nv i ro n me n t. C o mpa ny n ews le tters . Th es e a re ma na ge me n t' s pe t p r o jec ts an d a r e a lloc a te d th e mo s t r es o urc es o f th e hig he s t qu a lity . th ou gh h o ld in g th e s a me title . yo u mu s t d o w ha tev er is n ec es sa ry to me e t the go a ls an d o b jec tiv es o f y ou r p ro jec t. e xp er ienc e . Th is o fte n r es u lts wh en th e pr o je c t ma n ag er h as kn ow led g e o r e xp er tise in o ne ar e a b ut h o lds little a p pr ec ia tio n o f o the r a c tiv ities . Acc u r a tely ass ess in g this h e lps y o ur su rv iv a l p o litic a lly an d y ou r s ucce ss as a pr o je c t man ag er . Yo u c an a lso le ar n the va lue s ys te m in les s for ma l w ays . W hy do pr o je c t ma n ag ers h ave to c o nce rn th e mse lv es with wh a t s o me p e op le r e fe r to as ' tr iv ia '? As a p r ojec t ma n ag er . So me on e . Th e p ro jec t ma n ag er r ev ea ls his ` fav o ur ites ' . p o lic ies . in th is c as e th e p r og ra mmers . us ua lly ha s muc h mo re p o we r . b u t look ing a t se ve ra l ch ar ts iss u e d ov er a pe r io d o f time c an r ev ea l s o me th in g a b ou t the po litic a l e nv ir on me n t. So me times . o r ig ina lly ne ar the top o f th e o r ga n iz a tio n ch ar t. h ow ev er . a pr o jec t ma n ag er may o ffic ia lly le ad a pr o je c t. L ik e o th er pr ojec t ma n ag er s . R e ad ing ne ws le tte rs w ill te ll y ou the ' favo ur ite ' p eo p le w ith in the or ga n iz a tion . co nv ers ing w ith e mp loy ee s . O n e c h ar t by itse lf me an s v ery little . may n ow be lo ca te d fu r the r d ow n th e c ha r t. L o ok ing a t th e d is tr ibu tion o f r es ou rc es c an te ll y ou w h er e th e p ow er r es ts w ith in yo ur e nv ir on me n t. a no th er ind iv id ua l – b y v ir tu e o f the ir k now le dg e . Ke e p in g a le r t to n on -v er ba l c lu es c a n r ev ea l muc h ab ou t th e po litica l e nv iro n men t. Th e p e op le w ho fre q uen tly pa r tic ip a te in sp e c ia l. C o n tin ua lly re ce iv ing th e b es t ass ign men ts in d ic a te s e lev a ted s ta tu s . O n s o me pr o je c ts . it r ev ea ls th e fo r ma l po we r re la tio ns h ip s be tw ee n ind ivid u a ls . . h ow ev er . Colin Hastings. The se c lue s cov er a w id e s pectr u m. the r eby r ev e aling a d ec lin e in tha t p ers o n' s in flue nce o r po we r . In fo r mally . O n p ap er . or co n ta c ts – w ill hav e gr ea ter in flue nc e o ve r the d irec tio n o f the pr o jec t. h igh v is ib ility pr o je c ts ar e ap pr ov ed b y ma na g e me n t. the c ha r ts fa il to re ve a l th e re a l loc us o f p ow er . All or ga n iz a tion s h av e a fo rma l c ha in o f c o mma n d th a t is re flec te d in an or ga n iz a tio n c h ar t. esp ec ia lly if th ese pe op le a r e co ns ta n tly q u o te d . The se in ta ngib le c lu es r ev ea l in for ma tio n co n c er n in g yo ur p o litica l p os ition r ela tiv e to th e o th e rs . tha t is the o n e n o t r e flec ted in th e p u b lish ed or g an i z a tio n c ha r t. Th e in fo r ma l s tru c tu re . d o n o t d is co un t the imp o r ta nc e o f the for ma l or g an i z a tion c ha r t. e . Fo r ex a mple . p ro g r a mmers re ce iv e the b es t e q u ip men t an d b e tter s up p lies w h ile o th er te a m me mb ers r ec e iv e eq u ip me n t a n d s up p lies o f le ss er q u a lity . Michael Gedes w ay s . e xp e r tise . yo u mus t c o mp e te . Th e pr o jec ts w ith the b es t eq u ip me n t a n d mos t s up p lie s ind ica te fav o ur ites w ith man ag e me n t.g .

Se e k a s po ns or fro m s en ior man ag e men t. Alw ay s p or tr ay th e ima ge o f s u cc ess . Tha t d o es no t me a n te lling ev ery b od y ev er y th in g a bo u t y ou r pr ojec t. as w ill the te a m me mb ers . ev en if th e p ro jec t is c los e to fa ilu re . Suc h b e hav io u r on ly s how s that y o u ar e n o t in c on tr o l. y o u w ill b e u nd er a tta ck . Tha t me an s ` p lay ing u p' to th e p erc e p tio ns o f va r io us pa r ties . w he th er o ve r th e pr o je c t o r y o urs e lf. Th e min u te y ou ar e p er ce iv ed by th e c lie n t. w ith o bv ious c on se qu e nc es . An d fin a lly ne ve r . Av o id r ev ea ling a ny p an ic ky fe e lin gs . Pr o jec ts ar e re p le te w ith o p po r tu n ities fo r lo s in g mo men tu m. ma in tain mo me n tu m. An y r ole co n flic t w ill re su lt in s ome h os tility tow ar ds y ou . H av ing suc h a n imp or ta n t a lly give s yo u the ab ility to c o mp e te e ffe c tiv e ly fo r r es ou rc e s u pp or t. a fte r a ll. th e c us to me r w ill e xp ec t yo u to p er for m in a c er ta in ma nn er . Se nio r man a g e men t w ill e xp ec t y ou to p lay a ce r ta in ro le an d yo u mu s t m ee t th a t e xp ec ta tio n . a nd e q u ip me n t to o the r p r o jec ts . Yo u los e mon ey . Yo u mus t ke ep yo ur pr o je c t in the fo r e fr o n t. fo r ins ta nc e . re pe a t n ev er . Colin Hastings. eq u ip men t. o r ma n ag e me n t a s less tha n tr u th fu l. o r r es o urc es to o th er pr o je c ts . Ma in ta in ing vis ib ility is impo r tan t. Michael Gedes Political guidelin es to follow To s u rv iv e p olitica lly .p lay in g . d iffic u lty in ove r lo ok ing p ro b le ms w ith pr og ra m lo g ic . man a ge me n t may rec o nsid e r its s up po r t for y o ur pr ojec t. Th e o ld a d ag e ' ne ve r le t th e m se e yo u sw ea t' is a s tr u e as ev er in pr o je c t ma n ag e me n t. The minu te y o ur en e mies – w he th er s o me o ne in s en ior ma n ag e me n t o r th e clie nt o r o n th e pr o je c t te a m – se e yo u d isp lay ing we ak ne ss . in ab ility o f th e tea m t o a gr ee o n p re limin ar y a n d d e ta il d es ign . It d o es mea n th a t yo u n ev e r lie .EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. pe op le . yo ur te am. It c o mmu n ic a tes to th ose in p ow er tha t may be y ou r p ro jec t la cks s ig ni fica nc e . y ou b re ac he d the ir exp ec ta tion s . fo re ve r o n th e minds o f se n io r man a ge men t. sa cr ific e y ou r cr ed ib ility . It a lso g iv es yo ur e ne mies th e o p po r tu n ity to ga in on y ou . Ke ep th e in itia tiv e a t a ll times . Fur th er mor e . Slow in g d ow n th e p ro jec t ma y me a n los ing fu nd s . a nd in ab ility o f so ftw ar e to s a tis fy r e qu ir e men ts d ur in g te s tin g . If th ey for ge t ab ou t y o u a n d y ou r p ro jec t. . Yo u ca n a ls o r e pe l a ny e ffor ts by o the r p r o jec t ma na g ers to low er th e s ta tus o f yo ur p r o je c t r e la tive to th e ir ow n . H er e a re ju s t a few ex a mp les : fa ilur e to g a in c ons e nsu s on re q u ir e me n ts a nd fu nc tion a l s pe c ific a tio ns . yo u n ee d to re me mbe r thes e g e ne ra l g u ide lines . N ev er un d er es tima te th e p ow er o f ro le . by co ns ta n tly r u nn ing to ma na g e me n t fo r h e lp o r se ek ing th e a ss is tan ce o f o th er p ro jec t ma n ag er s . y ou w ill los e th e co o pe ra tion an d su pp or t n e ed e d to ma na g e y ou r p ro jec t s ucc ess fu lly . Fin d s o me on e in s en ior ma n ag e me n t w ho w ill pr ov id e th e po litica l mu sc le to tur n yo ur p ro jec t in to a s us ta in in g o ne . th a t is . Ke e p th e pr o je c t mov ing fo r wa rd u n til it re ac he s its fin a l g o als an d obje c tiv es .

y o u ha ve s eve ra l s tra te g ie s th a t y ou c an u se to exp lo it c irc ums tanc es . Michael Gedes Strategies for survival In a h ig h ly p o litica l e nv iro n me n t. Pe e r p r ess ur e sh o uld e n tic e th a t p er so n to c o mp le te task s . fo r s o me r e as on . If th e o r igin al op p on en t co mp la ins . If. y ou may h av e a tea m me mb er w ith a s tro ng p ers o na lity . y o u s ho u ld mak e fr ie n ds w ith an o th er sig n ific an t p ar ty in th e ir c o mmu n ity . w ill c ha llen g e y ou r po sitio n . Yo u the n us e tha t as so cia tion to c ha llen ge th e op po s itio n . a te a m me mbe r . Th es e a re :         D ivid e a n d c on qu er C o op tion Allia nc e bu ild in g Po w er br ok er ing Sp r ea d res p ons ib ility Sc a pe go a ting Co o pe ra tion Filib us ter ing Sa cr ifice th e fu tur e for th e p re se n t Divide and conqu er Th is s tra te gy is e ffe c tiv e for de a lin g with th e p ro jec t te a m. You w a n t to ke ep . As a pr o jec t ma n ag er .EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. If n o t. It is a lso a n e ffe c tiv e s tra te gy for d ea ling w ith th e c lie n t. Us in g th e div id e and c on q ue r s tra te gy . o r y ou c an a ss ign th a t p er so n to ta sks w he re o th er s de p en d on th e o u tpu t. te a m me mb ers will b e to o b usy r es o lv in g iss ues b e twe e n th e ms e lv es ra th er th an try ing to cha l le n g e or us ur p y ou r pos itio n . Yo u r s ucc es ses d ep e nd o n y ou r ab ilitie s to e xp lo it op p or tun ities . Th e d a ng er o f th is s tr a teg y is th a t y ou c ou ld de s troy te am un ity if tak e n to the e x tre me . Th ro u gh ou t th e p r ojec t. esp ec ia lly if yo u ha ve n o forma l a u tho r ity ov er th a t pe rs on . yo u ca n ass ign ta sk s tha t h av e tea m me mb er s d e pe nd ing o n on e an o the r to c o mp le te . Colin Hastings. Occ as ion a lly . th e re a re op p or tu nities fo r su cc ess o r fa ilu re . y o u ca n r ec og n iz e the ir co nc er ns b u t po lite ly me n tion th a t th ey do no t sp e ak for the en tir e o r ga n i za tio n . Yo u ca n a ss ign th a t pe rs on jo in tly w ith o ne or tw o o th er p eo p le to c omp le te ta sks . an impo r tan t me mb er o f the c lien t' s c a mp is h os tile to wa rds yo u o r th e p r o jec t. Fo r ex amp l e . s o me o ne wh o ar gu es a nd r e fu se s to de liv er a cco rd in g to sc h ed u le . y ou c an th en u se th a t pe rs on 's be ha v io ur a s th e r eas o n for re mov al fro m the pr o jec t.

y ou co u ld b e w ith ou t a pr o je c t.te r m in ter es ts . y ou r mana g eme n t's . To re so lve th a t p r ob le m. or y ou r p ro jec t te a m' s . Pe r ha ps the op p os itio n in th e c lie n t' s s id e to yo ur pr o je c t h as id e as fo r a mor e a mb itiou s pr ojec t. fo r in s tanc e . y o u mig h t mak e a n a lly o f a n o the r p ro jec t ma na ge r by ide n ti fy ing y ou r p r o jec t c lose ly w ith an o the r o n e . h op ing th a t y o u w ill s h ar e in its v is ib ility . Colin Hastings.EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. If y o u ar e h av ing pr ob le ms with a s en ior ma n ag er . A p ro jec t mig h t h av e a s ma lle r bu d ge t an d. c ons e qu en tly . yo u c a n tr y to p e rs ua de th a t pe rso n to th in k d iffer e n tly . You do th a t by fu lfillin g mu tu a l sh or t . Yo u mig h t d o tha t fo r s ev er al r e aso ns . Yo u r a ss oc ia tio n w ith tha t p ro jec t mig h t a ls o le ad to gr e a te r r es o urc e a lloc a tion or a t le as t sh ar ed r eso ur ce s w ith a fa vo ur e d p ro jec t. y ou mig h t a ls o find c oo p tio n us e fu l. Yo u c ou ld p la y o ne man ag er ag ain s t a no th er . N a tur a lly . If h an d le d p o or ly . Yo u mig h t w an t to a ss oc ia te y ou r p r o jec t w ith a mor e p ow er fu l o n e . th is tac tic c an lea d to mo re luc ra tive w o rk . y o u mus t a vo id be ing ca u gh t in th e c ros s fir e o f ha vin g b o th s id es tur n on yo u . W h en d ea ling w ith the c lien t. y o u simp ly ma ke fr ien ds w ith y o ur o pp o s ition v ia co mmon g o a ls . Te ll th a t p er so n . You bu ild a s tr on g r e la tio ns h ip w ith fr ien ds . y o u c an s tr ik e a 'd ea l' w ith th e e mp loy e e . esp ec ia lly if yo u ca nn o t b e su re to d e liv er . les s pe op le . J us t d o no t pr o mis e too much . U nd er ce r ta in circ u ms tan ce s . th er e by les se n in g p o te n tia l da ma ge fr o m the op p os ition . Alliance building Th is s tra te gy is s imilar to c oo p tio n bu t w ith o n e d iffe re nc e . Pe r ha ps a te a m me mb er a bs o lu te ly loa th es w or k in g for y ou . Fe w p ro jec t man ag er s r ea liz e th e imp or ta nc e o f mak ing a llies o f o th er p r o jec t ma na g ers . yo u mig h t a lso fin d yo urs e lf o n the los ing s ide a nd ' o u t th e fro n t do or ' or c aus e in d ec is iv e nes s r es u ltin g in s ev er e d e la ys in th e p ro jec t. Michael Gedes th e m fig h ting a mon g the mse lv es r a th er th a n w it h y ou . W h ile ne fa r io us . bu t d o so c ar e fu lly . Ho wev er . Ex p lain ho w th e pr o jec t ma y h e lp s o lv e th a t p er so n' s immed ia te p res s in g p rob le ms . Th is s tra te gy w or ks we ll re ga rd less o f wh e th e r y ou mak e y ou r allian ce w ith so meo ne o n the c lie n t's s id e . Yo u ma y e le c t to try th is s tr a teg y with y ou r o w n man ag e me n t. y ou will h e lp to e nh a nce h is o r he r c ar e er . Cooption W ith this s tr a tegy . Yo u mig h t a gr ee to h e lp b y s lo w in g do wn th e su cc ess o f y ou r p ro jec t in th e ho p e th a t y ou an d yo ur te a m w ill r ec eive a mor e a mb itio us p r o jec t. th e man a ge r a t le as t ma y find yo ur p ro jec t b en e fic ial. tha t in exc h an ge for c oo p er a tio n . th en .

th e pr ojec t man ag er c an tie in h is p r o jec t w ith on e o f the b igg er o ne s . So me w ay s to a ch iev e tha t is b y s h ar ing r es o urc es o r p rov id in g th e o u tpu t o f h is pr o jec t a s th e inp u t to th e b ig g er p r o jec t. Michael Gedes a n d su pp lies th a n o th er pr o jec ts . The n yo u w ill h av e to d isa ss o c ia te y ou r co nn ec tion w ith th a t a lly to p r o te c t y o ur ow n pr ojec t! . Bein g a llie d to o c lo se ly w ith a n o the r pr o jec t ma y p ro ve de tr ime n ta l es pe c ia lly if y o ur ally fa lls in to d isr ep u te . Allia nc e b uild in g ca n p ro ve h az ar do us . Colin Hastings.EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. H ow eve r .

e sp ec ially if the o d ds o f w iths ta nd ing a n o ns la u gh t fro m th e fig h tin g p ar ties a re min ima l. if the p r o jec t fa ce s p ro b le ms .in ter es ts for the go o d o f th e c omp an y . A c o mmo n a pp ro ac h o n pr o jec ts to th is is hav i n g so meo ne ass u me r es p ons ib ility for w aiv in g a r eq u ir e me n t or s pec ifica tio n . es p ec ia lly if th e o u tc o me is pr ec ar iou s . tw o or mo re p ro jec t ma n ag er s ar e fig h ting for ma na g e me n t's a tte n tion . e qu ip me n t. Su ch r eso u rce s mig h t be p e o p le . Man ag e men t ma y la te r re wa rd y ou an d yo ur p ro jec t w ith gr ea te r v is ib ility an d mor e r es ou rc es . yo u ar e tak ing a dv an ta ge o f th e circ ums ta nce w he re tw o or mor e pa r ties a r e figh ting w ith on e an o the r . th er eb y lo we r in g th e c ha nc e for co mp la in ts fr o m eith er p ar ty o ve r a p a r tic ular d ec is ion . So me times . Afte r a ll th e ir dec is io ns co n tr i b u ted to the n e ga tive o u tc o me . If s o me th ing go es a wr y . Yo u c ou ld e as ily find y ou rs elf in a ' Be ir u t' e nv ir o n me n t. a nd d a ta . y ou k ee p a low pr o file in th e e n tir e c ir c u ms tan ce a n d s en ior ma na ge me n t w ill re ce iv e the n eg a tiv e p r ess ur e . ma n ag e me n t w ill b e less like ly to ch as tise or a d mon is h yo u fo r th e re su lts . su ch as a s ch ed u le slid e or a de clin e in q ua lity . Mak ing a u nila ter a l d ec is io n co u ld p ro ve fa ta l to y ou r c ar e er . Colin Hastings. Michael Gedes Powerbrokering H er e . For ins tan ce . Yo u a lon e ca rry tha t bu rd en . mak ing s ur e th a t ma n ag e me n t h e ars y ou . Th e k ey is to kn ow wh e n the time is r igh t to r e linq u is h the r o le o f p e ac e mak er o r a vo id it co mp le te ly . If th e c lie n t re fu ses to y ie ld o n a n imp os s ib le r e qu ir e me n t th e n y ou c an g o to s e n io r man ag e me n t to mak e th e d ec is io n . Bu t . yo u ma y e n tice me mb ers o f hig he r ma na ge me n t to mak e cr itic a l d ec is ion s fo r yo u . The n . Tha t w ay . yo u migh t av o id the ro le o f pow er br ok er . w he re y ou ar e a t tac ke d fr o m a ll sid es . Th e n y ou a p pea l to th e o th er p ro jec t ma na ge rs to s e t a s id e th e ir s e lf.EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. yo u ma y inv o lv e th e c lie n t or yo u r pr o jec t tea m. Rec e iv ing th e ir pa r tic ipa tion e ffe c tiv ely s pr e ads r esp o n s ibility . In a dd itio n . yo u c an a ttr ibu te p ar t o f th e pr ob le m to the o the r pr oje c t us ing yo ur re so ur ce s . For e xamp le . Sp r ea d in g r es p ons ib ility do es no t a bs o lv e y ou fr o m th e u ltima te r es p ons ib ility fo r th e ou tc ome o f the p ro jec t. y o u c an e xp lo it th is in s ev er a l w ays . As a pr o jec t ma n a ge r . A c o mmo n w ay to s pr ea d r es po ns ib ility is b y s ha r in g r es ou rce s w ith a n o the r p ro jec t. a nd th ey a re un like ly to ad mo n ish th e ms e lv es .ma k in g p ro ces s . Yo u th en c re a te th e imag e th a t y o ur p ro jec t is in th e in ter es ts o f th e comp a ny w hile th e o the r pr o je c ts a re s ee k in g th e ir ow n in ter es ts . Still a n o th er wa y to s pr ea d r es po ns ib ility is to enc o ur ag e mo re p a r tic ip a tion in th e d ec is ion . e ve n a t th e e xp en se o f th e o th er p r o jec ts . Spread responsibility Pe r iod ic a lly . yo u may e le c t to sh ar e r es p ons ib ility for y o ur p ro jec t. Yo u c an p lay th e p eac e make r .

H er e . Bla ming o th ers fo r yo ur pro b le ms ca n eas ily b e d e te c te d as a s mok esc re e n for y ou r ow n ina d eq ua c ies as a pr o jec t man ag er . Th a t w ill h a pp e n o n ly if yo u sp re ad r esp o ns ib ility w itho u t los ing co n tro l o f th e p r ojec t. You ca n a lso b la me p o or pe r fo r ma nc e o n s ome r e mo te bu t un d er s ta nd a b le fac tor s uc h as a d o wn tur n in th e ec on o my o r th e po or qua lity o f e mp lo ye es h ire d in to the o r ga n iz a tio n . th is s tra te gy c an wo rk v er y we ll. Ye t to o muc h co o pe ra tion c a n lea d to me d iocr ity . All pa r tie s s ta r t . In the c on te x t o f man a gin g a pr o jec t. Tha t ma y e n ta il s h ar ing sc arc e re so ur ce s or co ve r ing fo r th e o the r pr o je c t man a ge r's mista k es . Colin Hastings. Ea ch p ar ty w or ks for th e s u pp or t o f th e o th er . y ou he lp o th er p ro jec t man ag e rs to s ucc ee d if th ey d o th e s a me fo r y ou . th e re by a bs o lv ing y ou rse lf fr o m a ny r es p ons ib ility . Pe o ple be co me in de b ted to h im. u nlike the pr ev io us on e . Alth o u gh o ften qu ite e ffec tive . C o op er a tio n w ith th e c lie n t. O r yo u ca n b la me se n io r ma na ge men t fo r n o t p rov id in g a d eq u a te su pp o r t to c omp le te th e p r ojec t s uc ces s fully . Michael Gedes s pr e ad ing r es po ns ib ility c a n mak e ma na g in g y ou r pr o je c t e as ier . It me a ns b la ming th e o th er p er so n for y ou r pr ob le ms . ma ch ine s .EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. Scapegoating So me wh a t ak in to s pr ea d in g re sp on sib ility is sc ap eg o a tin g . Sh a r in g o f s uch r es o urc es n o t o n ly co n tr ibu te s to e limin a t in g r ed u nd an c ies b u t a ls o s tre n g th e ns the pr o je c t man ag er 's h a nd . It ma y ev en me an s lo w in g the p r og re ss o f y o ur pr o je c t to av oid e mb ar ras s in g o th er p ro jec t ma na ge rs . inv o lv es ma k in g fr ien ds . y o ur ma n ag e men t. sc ap eg o a tin g is the to ol o f a we ak p r o jec t ma n ag er . le ss en s . a nd y ou c a n n o w p o in t th e fin ge r a t s o me o ne e ls e ra th er th a n a t y ou rs e lf. A p r ojec t man a ge r migh t co ns ide r len d in g a te a m me mb e r to a pr o je c t th a t re qu ire s a c er ta in s kill. Also . Th is te ch n iq u e c an p r ov e es pe cia lly u se fu l if yo u h a d ea r lie r ide n tifie d sh or tco ming s . it ca n c re a te e n e mies w hich is s o me th ing yo u s ho uld tr y to a vo id a t a ll co s ts . Mu tua l s up po r t r a th er th a n n e ga tive co mp e titio n be co mes th e n or m. fo r a s ho r t pe r io d . Pe r ha ps yo u w er e a ss ign ed p eo p le wh o m yo u d id n o t w an t in the firs t p lac e bu t se n io r ma na g e me n t forc e d yo u to a cc ep t th e m. Pe r ha ps the y d id n o t p ro v id e e no ug h sup p or t for the p ro jec t to pr oc e ed a cc or d in g to p lan . fac ili tie s . Or he mig h t g ive th e o the r pr o jec t ma na g er 's tea m a cc ess to d a ta . a n d th e pr o jec t tea m h as tr e men d ous b en e fits . You s imply b la me so me on e or s ome or ga n iz a tio n fo r yo ur pr o jec t' s p r ob le ms . Yo u c an b la me p o or pr o je c t pe r for manc e on yo ur te a m or o n c e r ta in me mb ers o f th e tea m. Cooperation Th is s tr a tegy . Th e d a ng er o f fa ilu re . Fo r in s tanc e . e tc . yo u c an b la me the c lie n t for n o t co o pe ra ting w ith y ou . o r its co ns e q u enc es .

to o . An o th er r e as on is to av o id pr e ma tu re ly te r min a tin g y ou r p ro jec t. Yo u may e lec t to re du ce yo ur r es ou rc es to a d jus t to b ud ge t c ons tr a in ts a n d s imp ly d isr eg ar d th e lo ng r an ge imp ac t o f y ou r dec is io ns . O r yo u may mak e e ve ry on e w or k e x ten sive o ve r time to mee t a sch e du le da te. N o t on ly d o y ou e nd a ng er the p o ten tia l fo r a suc ces s fu l p ro jec t bu t y ou n ar ro w yo ur o w n c h anc es fo r su cc ess . All y o u ar e d o in g is p lac ing a Ba n da id o n a w o un d wh e n a tou rn iqu e t w ou ld b e mo re a p pr op r ia te . In th e s h or t ru n . like so ftw ar e . c on se qu e n tly . b ec o me more imp or ta n t tha n th e p r ojec ts . th e c lien t g e ts th e p ro du c t w ith in b u dg e t a nd o n s ch e du le . In th e w or ld o f p ro jec t ma n ag e me n t. it is a lso a pr ev ale n t s tr a teg y . Suc h a c o lle g ia l a tmos ph er e w ill in va r ia b ly fru s tr a te th e mo s t c o mpe ten t a n d ta le n ted in d iv idu a ls an d e nc ou ra g e g ro w th o f the po litica l pr o je c t ma na g er ( wh o ma y n o t b e the mos t c o mp e te n t a nd ta len te d p er so n ) . k no win g th a t la ter o n th e bu d ge t w ill o ve rr un a n d e mp loy ee tur nov er w ill r ise . U n le ss yo u ca n a ttrib u te th e d e la y to s o me th ing e ve ry on e c a n r e la te to a n d th e y be lieve y ou . Du e to th e p re se nc e o f de a d lin es . the c lien t h as a p ro du c t th a t on ly a r oc ke t sc ien tis t c ou ld un d ers ta nd a nd a c h ess g ra nd mas ter co u ld ma in ta in . ` Q u ick fix es ' ar e c o mmo n on p ro jec ts .EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. su ch as a p pe ar ing to fin ish the p ro jec t ea rlier tha n ex pe c te d an d . y ou fix th e cu rr en t pr o ble m a n d de a l w ith th e c o nse q ue nc es la ter (o r b e tter y e t. sa cr ific ing the fu tu r e for th e p res e n t w ill wo rk — for a wh ile . a nd o the r fac tor s . s acr ificin g the fu tu re fo r the p res en t is a wa y o f life in p ro jec t ma n ag e me n t. inc lud ing th e co r po ra te b o ar dr oo m. In d e ed .ter m . th e de p lo ra b le q ua lity o f s o me p r od uc ts . y ou may d e lay y o ur p r ojec t to s ec ur e g re a ter fu n d in g fo r the n ex t fisc al y ea r . Filibustering W ith th is s tra te gy . For in s ta nc e . b u dg e t co ns tra in ts . Michael Gedes c ov er ing for the o th er an d n eg a tiv e p o litica l a pp ro ac h es . Or yo u ma y de lay yo ur pr o jec t to h ur t or e mb ar ras s a no th er pr o je c t ma na g er ne ed in g y o ur pr ojec t's o u tp u t. fin d in g yo ur se lf s ee k in g an o the r p ro j ec t. In th e lon g ru n . In o the r w or ds . yo u de lay pr o gr ess o f y ou r pr o je c t as muc h as po ss ib le u n til th e d e la y its e lf bec o mes to y ou r ad va n tag e or no lo ng er be co mes a dv a n ta g eo us . The c on seq u e nc e is ex tre me c o n fo r mity an d ma r g in a l pe r fo r ma nc e . le t yo ur su cc ess or d e a l w ith th e m) . Colin Hastings. Sacrifice the fu ture for the present Th is s tr a teg y is e mp lo ye d ju s t a bo u t ev er yw he re . s uch as ' yo u sc ra tch my b ack a nd I' ll scr a tc h yo ur s' . Filib us ter ing wo rks on ly to a po in t an d ca n c a us e yo u r e a l tr ou b le . U su a lly sh o r t . Yo u c an fac e s er iou s co ns eq ue nc es b y pu rsu in g th is s tra te g y . y ou ma y r ec e iv e bla me for th e u n sa tis fa c to ry p er for man ce o f y ou r pr o jec t. Thu s . p r oject ma n a ge rs w ill do w ha t th ey mus t to d e liv er the pr o duc t to th e c lie n t — h e nce .

Th e pr o jec t ma na ge rs w ho suc ce e d a r e n o t a lwa ys the be s t a nd th e b rig h te s t bu t th e on es w ho wo rk s mar t er a nd n o t n ec ess ar ily th e ha rd es t. an d th ey ar e . th e ir ma na g eme n t. No ne th e les s . N o th in g c an re p la ce pr o jec t ma na ge rs w ho a re ho ne s t a n d d ir ec t in the ir d e a lin gs w ith the ir c us to mer . Ye t. un fo r tu n a te ly . pr o je c t ma n ag er s (c a pa b le as we ll as in e p t o n es ) e mp lo y th e m eve ry da y . ma y h ave to ' u se th e too ls o f th e de v il to d e fe a t h im. s o me o f th e s tra te g ie s lis ted ab ov e ap p ea r s in is ter . Tha t d oes n o t me an yo u mu s t us e th e m. The pr es en ce o f p o litics is ines ca p ab le in a ny bu sin ess . a n d the ir te a m. e ve n the se pr o jec t ma na ge rs ha ve to s urv ive a nd . ev e n u n pr o fess ion a l. Politics is a reality Pr o jec t man a ge rs do no t o pe ra te in a v acuu m. Colin Hastings. Ad mitte d ly .ter m pr o ble ms o n p ro je c ts . Michael Gedes s o lu tio ns lea d to lo n g .EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. v o id o f po litics . .

Colin Hastings.EU ACCESS ‘EU PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND LEADERSHIP PROGRAM’ materials adapted from ‘Project Leadership’ by Wendy Briner. Michael Gedes .

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