2

4
2
b)   =
49
7

1. a) 9 2 + 32 = 81 + 9 = 90
121 11
=
256 16

e)

2. a)

1−

11
=
36
2

36 - 11
25 5
=
=
36
36 6
2

d) 49 − 196 = 7 − 14 = −7

g) (−4) 2 − 42 = 16 − 16 = 0

f) 1,69 = 1,3

2

c) 0,6 2 = 0,36

b) 5 ⋅

4
25
9
5 2 6 5 7 3
+ 6⋅
−7⋅
= ⋅ + ⋅ − ⋅ = 2+5−3= 4
25
36
49 1 5 1 6 1 7

2

 3  5
3
5
3 5 27 − 20 7
 −
 = 2 − 2 = − =
3. a) 
=
 

2
3
4 9
36
36
 2   3 

(

) (
2

)

2

2

2

b) 3 ⋅ 5 + 5 ⋅ 5 = 32 ⋅ 5 + 52 ⋅ 5 = 9 ⋅ 5 + 25 ⋅ 5 = 45 + 125 = 170

4) a)
b)

16 16
8 16 8
=

=
= 2 8 = 2⋅ 4 ⋅ 2 = 2⋅2 2 = 4 2
8
8
8 8

6 6 6 6 3 6 18
=

=
= 2 18 = 2 9 ⋅ 2 = 2 ⋅ 3 2 = 6 2
3
3
3
3

5. a) 8 = 4 ⋅ 2 = 2 2

vagy b)

6 6 6 2 3
=
=6 2
3
3

b) 75 = 25 ⋅ 3 = 5 3

c) 5 ⋅ 12 − 3 ⋅ 3 + 75 = 5 4 ⋅ 3 − 3 ⋅ 3 + 25 ⋅ 3 = 5 ⋅ 2 3 − 3 3 + 5 3 = 10 3 − 3 3 + 5 3 = 12 3

6. a)

x = 10
2

x = 10 2
x = 100

b) x 2 − 1 = 48

c) 2x 2 = 64

x 2 = 48 + 1

x 2 = 64 : 2

x 2 = 49

x 2 = 32

2

x = 32

x = ±7

x = ± 16 ⋅ 2

x = 49

2

x = ±4 2

d)

1
3
x + = −0,25
2
8
1
1 3
x =− −
2
4 8
1
−2−3
x=
2
8
1
5
x =−
2
8
5 1
x =− :
8 2
5 2
x =− ⋅
8 1

x =−

5
4

 5
x = − 
 4
25
x=
16
9
x =1
16
2

2

1. a) (−2) 2 − 2 2 = 4 − 4 = 0
2

2

2

 3
 1
 1  25 9 16 25 9 16
b) 25 ⋅  −  − 16 ⋅ 1  + 9 ⋅  − 1  = ⋅ − ⋅ + ⋅ = 9 − 25 + 16 = 25 − 25 = 0
1 25 1 16 1 9
 5
 4
 3

2. a)

1−

9
1
25 − 9
4+5
16
9 4 3 8 − 15
7
− 1+1 =

=

= − =
=−
4
25
4
25
4 5 2
10
10
25
25
13
21 12 5 6 7 5 11
+ 6⋅ 1 − 5⋅ 4
= ⋅ + ⋅ − ⋅ = 5 + 7 − 11 = 1
144
36
25 1 12 1 6 1 5

b) 12 ⋅

1
4
5 2
c) 400 ⋅ 2 ⋅
= 400 ⋅
⋅ = 400 ⋅ 1 = 20
2 25
2 5
2

2

2

2

 2  5
 −
 = 22 − 52 = 2 − 5 = 8 − 125 = − 117 = −1 17
3. a) 



5
2
25 4
100
100
100
 5   2 
2

2

2

2

 3⋅ 2   5⋅ 2 
32 2
52 2
9 ⋅ 2 25 ⋅ 2 3 50 27 + 100 127
1
 +
 =
b) 
+
=
+
= +
=
=
=7
2
2



2
3
4⋅3
9
2 9
18
18
18
2 3
 2⋅ 3   3 
4. a) 3 + x = 6

b) 2 ⋅ x 2 = 54

c) 3 ⋅ x 2 − 80 = −5

x = 6−3

x 2 = 54 : 2

3 ⋅ x 2 = −5 + 80

x =3

x 2 = 27

3 ⋅ x 2 = 75

2

x = 32
x=9

x 2 = 27
x= 9⋅ 3
x=3 3

x 2 = 75 : 3
x 2 = 25
x 2 = 25
x = ±5

5. a) 5 ⋅ 8 − 3 ⋅ 2 + 50 = 5 4 ⋅ 2 − 3 ⋅ 2 + 25 ⋅ 2 = 5 ⋅ 2 2 − 3 ⋅ 2 + 5 2 = 10 2 − 3 ⋅ 2 + 5 2 = 12 2
b) 2 ⋅ 12 + 2 ⋅ 3 + 48 − 4 75 = 2 4 ⋅ 3 + 2 ⋅ 3 + 16 ⋅ 3 − 4 25 ⋅ 3 =
2 ⋅ 2 3 + 2 ⋅ 3 + 4 3 − 4 ⋅ 5 3 = 4 ⋅ 3 + 2 ⋅ 3 + 4 ⋅ 3 − 20 3 = −10 3
c) 27 ⋅ 12 = 9 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 3 = 3 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 3 = 6 ⋅ 3 ⋅ 3 = 6 ⋅ 3 = 18
d) 5 ⋅ 500 ⋅ 20 = 5 ⋅ 100 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 4 ⋅ 5 = 5 ⋅ 10 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 2 ⋅ 5 = 100 ⋅ 5 ⋅ 5 = 100 ⋅ 5 = 500

6. 0,4 ⋅ 6

1 1
3
1 2 5 1 5 3 5 12 1
1
1
+ ⋅ 2,5 + ⋅ 25 − 12 ⋅
= ⋅ + ⋅ + ⋅ − ⋅ =1+ + 3 − 4 =
4 10
5
9 5 2 10 2 5 1 1 3
4
4

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