Collection of Sustainable Livelihoods Framework Diagrams

S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Impacts on Assets
Vulnerability Context Changes in Resources &Stocks Climate /Population Density /Conflict / Political Change / Technology /Markets

External Environment
Situation of Rural people Capital Assets Natural Social Human Physical
Influence Policy & Institutional Context Laws of Government / NGOs /CBOs /Private Sector /Traditional / Donors Processes Laws /Policies / Incentives/ Services / Formal / Informal

Financial
Influence

Disease incidents

Impacts on Vulnerability

Livelihood outcome desired More income/Improved well being/ Reduced vulnerability/ improved food security / More sustainable use of NR Base Livelihood strategies chosen Natural Resource Based /On farm /Off Farm /Non NR Based /Migration (circular, Permanent, International Implementation Own Activities without support Activities supported by external

Negotiation on appropriate Structures & processes for the strategy Decide appropriate roles, self help, advice etc

Impacts on Livelihoods

Impacts on Institutions

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IFAD Livelihood Framework

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

BASIXS ISLP Livelihood Framework

External Context

Context of livelihood Intervention design

Institutional conditions Objective of the Intervention

Demand conditions

Intervening Agency Mission Capacity Funding People’s Livelihood Portfolio Capacity Strategy

Factor conditions

Assets Awareness Ability Access

Nature of Intervention

Design of the livelihood

Internal Context

Activity

Industry conditions

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM Livelihood Framework
IMM1: Examples of People’s Key Characteristics

IMM.2.Livelihood Assets Human

Individual
Religion

Religion Personal History

Gender

Information
Gender

Personal History

Social

Ethinicity

YOU
Class/ Caste

Abilty/ Disability

Ethinicity

YOU
Class/ Caste

Ability/ Disability

Age

Age

Beauty

Physical

Beauty

Natural

Financial
IMM 3: People, Service Providers & Controllers

Relationships Controllers

Service Providers

Relationships

Relationships

Human
Religion IMM 3A.The short &Long routes to influence service providers

Individual

Information
Gender

Personal History

Social

Long Route for influence
Ethinicity Service Provider

YOU
Class/ Caste

Ability/ Disability

Controller

Age

IMM3B:TheSeparation of Roles
Controller Service Provider

Short Route for influence
User

Physical

Beauty

Natural
Division of Roles

Financial

User

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM 4: Other Influences on Livelihoods

Controllers
Power Politics Relationships

Relationships
Influences
Markets Culture Rights Language

Service Providers

Relationships

Human
Religion

Individual

Information
Gender

Personal History

Social

Ethinicity

YOU
Class/ Caste

Ability/ Disability

Age

Physical

Beauty

Natural

Financial

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM.5.The Vulnerability Context

Vulnerability Context Shocks Changes & Threads

Controllers
Power Politics Relationships

Relationships
Influences
Markets Culture Rights Language

Service Providers

Relationships

Human
Religion

Individual

Information
Gender

Personal History

Social

Ethinicity

YOU
Class/ Caste

Ability/ Disability

Age

Physical

Beauty

Natural

Financial

IMM 5 A :Ever-Changing Livelihoods

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

IMM 6: Hopes & Opportunities, Actions & Choices

Vulnerability Context Shocks Changes & Threads

Controllers
Power Politics Relationships

Relationships
Influences
Markets Culture Rights Language

Service Providers

Relationships

Human
Religion

Individual

Information
Gender

Personal History

Social

Ethinicity

YOU
Class/ Caste

Ability/ Disability

Age

Physical

Beauty

Natural

Financial

Hopes Choices Actions

Opportunities

Livelihood Outcomes

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Tribal peoples living in a remote forest area may have strong ties of kinship and mutual exchange (social capital), ample access to rich forest resources (natural capital) and an intimate knowledge of their local environment (human capital), but practically no financial or physical capital and limited access to formal education. The livelihood strategies they adopt will reflect this. They will use their knowledge to exploit a wide range of different natural resources in different ways, ensuring a supply of food, clothing, fuel and shelter through the year. Their ties of kinships and mutual exchange within their community will ensure that they are usually able to overcome episodes of vulnerability, such as sickness or the deaths in the family, without reliance on help from “outside”. But the physical capital available to them may be very specialized and appropriate to their local circumstances only. As a result they may have difficulty in adapting to any changes, such a those brought about by destruction of their forest environment or intrusion by outside influences. Similarly, their complete unfamiliarity with financial capital may leave them at a disadvantage if they find themselves involved in market transactions, even if they have products of potentially high market value. Poor people in rural areas may have only their labor capacity (human capital) and the financial capital they can generate through their labor, but very limited direct access to natural capital, low levels of education and knowledge, and a very low social status that weakens their social capital base. The poorest households may have extremely reduced “livelihood pentagons” with extremely limited livelihood assets of any kind at their disposal.

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Nine Square RLS Mandala

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Human Capital
5 4 3 0 2

Existing Situation Desirable Situation

Physical Capital

1

Social Capital

Financial Capital

Natural Capital

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

LAL (Learning about Livelihoods) Framework

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

LAL (Learning about Livelihoods) Framework

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S.Rengasamy – Collection of Livelihood Frameworks Diagrams
DFID, CARE, OXFAM, ISLP, IMM, LAL, IFAD

Capital / Asset Pentagon N. Natural Asset P. Physical Asset S. Social Asset H. Human Asset F. Financial Asset
P 100 F 100

N 100

N 100

F 100

P 100

100 H N 100

100 S

100 H N 100

100 S

F 100

P 100

F 100

P 100

100 H N 100

100 S

100 H N 100

100 S

F 100

P 100

F 100

P 100

100 H

100 S

100 H

100 S

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