This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
By Sumantri Pramudiyanto (+6281703544310) Jakarta, April 7th , 2009
Materi berikut merupakan open content, bersifat free utk didistribusikan
Cell Planning Process
Idle Mode Operation
BSS Parameter RF Optimization flow chart Study Cases of RF Optimization
Cell Planning Process Cell planning can be described briefly as all the activities involved in determining which sites will be used for the radio equipment. which equipment will be used and how the equipment will be configured .
Analyzing traffic and coverage Required data : • Geography data • Demography data • Data of around network • Available frequency • Number of customer which wish to cover Customer demand : • GOS 2% • 95 % Indoor coverage • (C/I > 12 db) > 95% .Traffic and coverage Analysis Collecting required data Making discussion with the client to know their demand.
Nominal Cell Plan .74 E Wide of area which will be covered . so the number of subscribers to be covered : Pt = 10 % x 57333 x (1+0. we able to calculate % growth of population. we need to divided the region into smaller cluster.046 • Assume that. and etc.046)3 Pt = 65629 • If traffic allocation per subscriber equal to 60mE then total traffic in Sragen area = 65629 x 60 mE = 3937. Pt Po (1 r ) n 573333 = 437556 x (1+r)6 r = 0.Dimensioning (1) Geography and Demography data taken from sragen. then classify the subdistrict into cluster depend on traffic.go. in 2010 the operator want to cover 10 % subscriber in the region. contour area.id Table 1 Geographic + Demographic data Table 2 Demographic data per years Target subscriber • After the data available. • From the demographic data (Table 2) .
Nominal Cell Plan .85 Erlang) 1586 TS ~ 227 TRX Sragen tengah locate in center of town and has high traffic we use configuration 5/5/5 so the number of sites required in this cluster : 227/15 TRX = 15 Sites With the same way we can calculate number of sites for the others cluster: Sragen Timur = 9 sites (Config 4/4/4) Sragen Barat = 12 sites (Config 4/4/4) Sragen Utara = 9 sites (Config 4/4/4) .Dimensioning (2) From the geographic data we can determine Erlang distribution by density in each cluster. The next step. 1585. Using erlang B table we can count number of sites for cluster sragen tengah (GOS 2%. we can calculate the number of required sites depend on traffic.
95 x (2.78 km2 = 1.865)2 = 6. Output from system balance is a cell size in every sites.67)2 = 13. Choose the biggest one .95 x (1. calculating number of sites related to coverage.Nominal Cell Plan – Link Budget Link Budget Calculation is required to achieve system balance between uplink and downlink signal. We can calculate coverage area per sites in suburban and rural cluster by equation L = k x R2 Lsite suburban L site rural = 1.90 km2 The next step.
Result Sragen Utara Sragen Timur Sragen Tengah Sragen Barat .Nominal Cell Plan .
CW Test / Model Tuning In order to find out appropriate propagation model. RF Engineer should perform CW Test. Drivetesting should be performed encircle the route and represent all of azimuth. . Input all of drivetesting result to the planning tools then conducting calibration to get appropriate propagation model.
. The RF Team should give alternative nominal or informed SAR ( ± 300m) to survey team. Panoramic photo used to determine coverage target/azimuth Survey team also need to survey : road to nominal.Survey Survey is required to ensure whether the nominal cell position can be realized or not ? In general. electricity. The survey team should take the panoramic photo around the nominal (0-360 degree). and report to the RF team if appear obstacle around the nominal. space for equipment. in case the nominal cannot be realized.
etc) Adjacency planning The main key in conducting frequency planning is avoiding co-channel and adjacent interference.Detail Planning All of nominal coordinates must be fixed in detail planning phase. MAList. For TCH Frequency planning. HSN. we able to apply SFH or Baseband hopping in order to reduce the interference. MAIO. Scope of works in Detail Planning : Frequency Planning Parameter Planning (BSIC. .
so that number of required frequencies : Nfreqs/site = (12 – 3 ) x 2 + 3.5% -TCH = 4 TRXs FL = (4/24)*100% = 16.67% .Detail Planning – Frequencies Allocation SFH Pattern 1x1 will be applied in this implementation Number of Malist frequencies can be calculated by using equation : Maximum configuration for the sites 5/5/5.2 = 24 Frequencies NTRX FL = X 100% # Hoppers 3 sectors with 24 hopping frequencies : -TCH = 3 TRXs FL = (3/24)*100% = 12.
Detail Planning – Frequencies Allocation SFH Allocation untill configuration 5/5/5 MAIO MAIO Step = 0 = 2 8 16 .
Detail Planning – HSN Planning HSN used to the parameter that differentiates the hopping algorithm between two cells having the same MAList.04.2008 / VS .ppt / 24. Drivetest for QOD Program. We can choose best pairs HSN to reduce collision frequencies between server and adjacent.
5 NCC = 5.1 NCC = 2.6 NCC = 0.3 .Detail Planning – Coverage Result NCC = 4.
Detail Planning – Interference Prediction .
.Installation and System Tuning After Installation done. Acceptance Test Procedure is conducted to check how well the KPI meets the demand. the installation team need to conduct commisioning (VSWR Measurement. Pre Launch Optimization performed to achieve the KPI Target for new site or TRX expansion. check hardware installation ) The Drive test team also need to verify whether the BTS serving target correctly or not Then.
Tx power level an MS may use when accessing the system Search for the frequency correction burst in that carrier in order to varify if it is a BCCH carrier No Is it a BCCH carrier? Yes Try to synchronize to the carrier and read the BCCH data. Then tune to the strongest RF channel. received level at the MS required for access to the system p2 = msTxPowerMaxCCH Max.IDLE MODE OPERATION Normal Cell Selection Search all the RF channels . take samples during 3-5 s and calculate averages.Max(B. Tune to the next highest RF channel which is not tried before C1 = (A . And put them in ascending order with respect to signal level.0)) A = Received Level Average p1 B = p2 . Is it a correct PLMN ? Yes Is the cell barred? No Is C1>0 Yes No Yes No Camp on the cell .Maximum RF Output Power of the Mobile Station p1 = rxLevelAccessMin Min.
temporaryOffset*H(penaltyTime-T) T < = penaltyTime C2 = C1 + cellReselectOffset ………………………………………….Cell Reselection C1 + cellReselectOffset . T > penaltyTime 1 when T < = penaltyTime H(x) = 0 when T > penaltyTime .
Cell Reselection Histerysis .
7) Maximum Retransmission on RACH SDCCHCONGTH (0-100) SDCCH Congestion threshold RDLNKTO (0-15) Timer for Radiolink timeout Power Control Parameter LOWTLEVD/U (0-63) the lower threshold of the received signal level on the downlink/uplink for power increase UPTLEVU/D (0-63) defines the upper threshold of the received signal level on the uplink/downlink for power reduction LOWTQUAD/U (0-7) the lower threshold of the received signal quality on the downlink for power increase UPTQUAU/D (0-7) defines the upper threshold of the received signal quality on the uplink for power reduction PWRINCSS (DB 2.4) defines the step size used when reducing the MS transmit power . normally used in dual band network (GSM<>DCS) RACHBT (RACH Busy Threshold) (0-127) defines a threshold for the signal level on the RACH HRACTT1 (0-100) Half Rate Activation Threshold T3212 (0-255) Parameter LUP Periodically MAXRETR (1.2.4.BSS Parameter BTS Parameter RxLevAMI (0-63) Minimum signal strength for access the BTS in idle mode.4.6) defines the step size used when increasing the MS transmit power PWREDSS (DB 2. CRESOFF (Cell Reselection Offset) (0-25) used for C2 Calculation.
HOLTHQUDL/UL (0-7) defines the receive signal quality threshold on the downlink/uplink for inter-cell quality handover decision Adjacent Parameter RXLEVMIN the minimum received signal level the adjacent cell must provide to be regarded as a suitable target cell for handover HOM Handover margin for better cell LEVHOM parameter defines the handover margin for handovers due to uplink level or downlink level QUALLEVHOM this parameter defines the handover margin for handovers due to uplink quality or downlink quality .BSS Parameter (2) Handover Parameter HOLTHLVDL/UL (0-63) defines the receive signal level threshold on the downlink /uplink for inter-cell level handover decision.
T200.RF Optimization Flow Chart Start Check SDCCH Blocking Check TCH Blocking Check TRX Quality Check Alarm Identify KPI Formula Check TRX Quality Check Alarm Identify the problems Check Alarm Check cochannel and co-BSIC Check Interference Check cochannel and co-BSIC SDSR Problems ? Y Check Interference Check Interference problems Check TA Check all others cause (Radio link Failure. MAIO and HSN DCR Problems Check Handover Failure Per Cause Check measurement from statistics Take Action list Check Handover Parameter . Transcoder) from statistics HOSR Problems ? Y Check Neighbor Relation Check Malist.
The most critical problems in performing cell planning process is interference. Commonly there are six step in conducting planning.Conclusion Every New Network need good plan for avoid problems that will be arise. . the New Sites onair need to be optimized to achieve the KPI Pre Launch Optimization is done for new sites on air or expansion sites.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.