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The Structural Approach Introduction In 1939, the University of Michigan developed the first English Language Institute in the

US. It specialized in teaching English as a second language. Charles Fries was the director of the institute. Fries and his colleagues rejected the Direct Method. They felt grammar or structure was the starting point. The structure of the language was closely related to its basic sentence patterns and grammatical structure. Features of the Structural Approach 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Importance is given to grammar. Students are trained in drills relating to basic sentence patterns. Pattern practice is an important classroom technique. Students are made to repeat sentence structures so that they slowly learn to communicate. Importance is given to Speaking and Pronunciation.

Disadvantages 1. 2. 3. The Structural Approach was more behaviourist in nature. Linguists like Chomsky felt it was opposed to the creative nature of language. Too much of pattern practice made learning boring.