THE

WHAT ARE THEY?

The three types of ACEs include

ABUSE

NEGLECT

HOUSEHOLD DYSFUNCTION

ACEs

are

Physical

Physical

Mental Illness

Incarcerated Relative

ADVERSE CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES

Emotional

Emotional

Mother treated violently

Substance Abuse

Sexual

Divorce

HOW PREVALENT ARE ACEs?
The ACE study* revealed the following estimates:

WHAT IMPACT DO ACEs HAVE?
As the number of ACEs increases, so does the risk for negative health outcomes
K S I R

ABUSE
Sexual Abuse Physical Abuse Emotional Abuse

28.3% 20.7% 10.6%
percentage of study participants that experienced a specific ACE

NEGLECT
Emotional Neglect Physical Neglect

14.8% 9.9%

0 ACEs 1 ACE

2 ACEs
BEHAVIOR

3 ACEs

4+ ACEs

Possible Risk Outcomes:

HOUSEHOLD DYSFUNCTION
Household Substance Abuse Parental Divorce Household Mental Illness Mother Treated Violently Incarcerated Household Member

26.9% 23.3% 19.4% 12.7% 4.7%
Lack of physical activity Smoking Alcoholism Drug use Missed work

PHYSICAL & MENTAL HEALTH

Of 17,000 ACE study participants:
36%
0 ACEs

Severe obesity

Diabetes

Depression

Suicide attempts

STDs

1 ACE 2 ACEs
have experienced

26%

16%

4+ ACEs

12.4%

3 ACEs

9.5%

64% have at least 1 ACE

Heart disease

Cancer

Stroke

COPD

Broken bones

rwjf.org/vulnerablepopulations
*Source: http://www.cdc.gov/ace/prevalence.htm

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