This ebook can be downloaded from www.vallalar.

org

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,uhkyp';f mgak; Jiz mUl;bgU";n$hjp mfty; ? ciu mUl;bgU";n$hjp mUl;bgU";n$hjp mUl;bgU";n$hjp mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(2)

cyfpny ,Jtiu njhd; wpa kfhd; fSk;. "hdpfSk; flt[isg; gw; wpf; Twpa[s; s tpsf; f ';fs; Vuhsk; Vuhsk;/ btt;ntW tot';fspYk; btt;ntW bgah;fspYk; bja;t';fs; ekf;Ff; fhl;lg;gl;L s;sd/ gyntW rka';fSk;. gyntW kj';fSk;. gyntW khh;f ;f'; fSk; ,e;j cyfpny epytp tUfpd; wd/ gpwf;Fk; nghnj ,e;j r; rkaj;ijr; rhh;e;j FLk;gj;jpy;jhd; gpwf;f ntz;L k; vd;W ahUk; tpUk;gpg; gpwtp vLf;ftpy;iy/ cyf mwpt[ njhd;Wk; nghJjhd; jd;Dila bgw;nwhh; tz';F k; bja;tj;ija[ k; mth;fs; rhh;e; Js;s rkaj;ija[k; czh;e; Jbfhs; s KofpwJ/ mg;goapUe;Jk; jhd; rhh;e; Js;s me;jr; rkaj;j pd; kPJ mst[ fle;j gw;iw kf;fs; Vw;gLj;jpf; bfhs;fpd;whh;fs;/ mjd; fhuzkhf kw;w rka';fisg; g[w f;fzpg;gJ kl;Lkpd;wp mtkjpf;ft[k ; Jzpfpd; whh; fs;/ ,jd; Kot[ rkar; rz;i l. kjr; rz;i l vd MfpwJ/ gy Mapuf; fzf;f hd kf;f s; cz;ik czuhky; khz;L nghfpd;whh;f s;/ Kd;dhy; njhd; wpa kfhd;fs; ve;j mog;gilapy; bja;t cUt';f isf; fw;gid bra;jhh;fs; vd;W jpUtUl; gpufhr ts;syhh; Ma;t[ bra; J xU ngUz;ikiaf; fz; lhh;/ mjhtJ rpw; rigapy; jtk; bra; nthh; Kothfj; j'; fSila mDgtj;jpny fz;l ngbuhspiana g[wj;j pny gyg;gy tot';fspy; ,iwtdhff; fhl;o dhh; f s;. vd;w cz; ikia ts;syhh; tpsf;Ffpd;whh;/ mjhtJ irtk; Kjyhf tps';Ffpd;w xt;bthU rkaKk; jd; bja;tk;. jd; bja;tk; vd;W jdpj; jdpahff; fhl;LtJ rpw;rig xsp jtpu ntwpy;i y vd;fpwhh;/

irt Kjyhf ehl;L k; ? gy
2

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rka';fbsy;y hk; jdpj; jdpf; fhl;L k; bja;t kpJ te; J ghhPh; ? jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUel n$hjp/ (jpUtUl;gh 4605) vy;yhr; rkaj;jhUf;Fk; bghJthf ,iwtd; xUtd; jhd; ,Uf;f Koa[ k;/ me;j xUtndahfpa flt[isj;jhd; xt;bthU rkaj;jtUk; xt;bthU bgahpy; tz';fp tUfpd; whh;f s;/ vdnt vy;yhg; bgah; f Sk;. vy;y h tot';fSk; me;j xnu xU flt[i sj; jhd; Fwpf;fpd;wd vd;gnj cz;ik/ ts;syhUk; ,e; j mog; gilapy;j hd; vy;y hj; bja;t';f isa[k ; ghoa[s;s hh;/ ,ij mtnu xU ghlypy; bjhptpf;fpd;whh;/

tz; zk; ntbwdpDk; tot[ ntbwdpDk; kd;dpa cz; ik
xd;bwd;nw vz;zpajy;yhy; rr;rpjhde;jj; jpiwa[k; ntbwz; zpaJz;nlh mz;zdpd; ghjkwpa ehdwpnad; m"hpdpr; rpwpJ kp';fhw;nwd; jpz;znk epd;nkyhiz vd; wd;i dj; bjsptpj;Jf; fhg;gJd; flnd (jpUtUl;gh 3636) rkaj; bja;t';fs; vg;nghJk; ek;gpajpy; iy/ jdpj;jdpahf ,Ug;gjhf ts;syhh;

jpUmUl;ghit ed;F Ma;e;j hy; xU bghpa cz;i kia czuyhk;/ mjhtJ flt[s ; mehjp vd;Wk; mthplk; mUl; rf;j p mehjp vd;Wk; TWfpwhh;/ me;j mUs; jhd; bgU";n$hjp vd;W TWfpd;w hh; ts;syhh;/ (Mjhuk;) jpUf; fjtk; jpwthnah jpiufbsy;yhk; jtph;j;n j jpUtUshk; bgU";n $hjp jpUt[Uf; fhl; lhnah>
(ghl;L vz; 3760)

jpU mUshk; bgU";n$hjp
,ijna jhd; mUs; bgU"; n$hjp vd;W Twpa[s; shh;/ mUshdJ flt[s plkpUe;J miltjy;yth/ vdntjhd; Mz;ltd; jdf;F mUl;bgU";n$hjpia mspj;jjhff; TWfpwhh;/

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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m";r iy eP xU rpwpJk; vd; kfnd
mUl; bgU";n $hjpia mspj; jdk; cdf; nf J";rpa khe; jiu vGg;g[f eynk NH;e; j rd;khh;f;f j;jpy; brYj; Jf Rfnk tp";Rw bka;g; bghUs; nkdpiy jdpny tp";irfs; gyt[s tpsf;Ff vd;w ha; j";rbkd;wth;;f; fUs; rj; jpa Kjny jdp eluh$ vd;r w;FU kzpna (jpUtUl;gh 3699) ,e;jg; ghlypypUe; J vd; d g[hpfpd; wJ> mUl; bgU"; n$hjp vd;gJ xUtuhy; bfhLf;fg;gl;L kw;b whUtuhy; th';fg;gLk; bghUshfj; njhd;W fpwJ/ ,e;j mUshfpa bgU";n $hjpia cila Mz;ltiuj; jhd; mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu vd;W miHf; fpd;w hh;/ ,e;j mUisaila Md;nwhh;fs; rhpia. fphpia. nahfk;. "hdk; Mfpa ehd;F tHpfis mjhtJ jhrkhh;f;f k;. rw;g[j; jpu khh; f;fk;. rf khh;f;f k;. rd; khh;f; fk; vd; w ehd;F tHpfspy; Kaw;rp bra;j hh;f s;/ ts; syhUk; kdpj njfk; vLj;jth; fs; mila ntz; oa mUk;bgUk; g[U c&hh;j ;j'; fs; : 1/ Vk rpj;jp 2/ rhfhf; fy;t p 3/ jj;Jt epf;f pufk; bra;jy; 4/ flt[s; epiy mwpe; J mk; kakhjy; Mfpa ehd;F vd;W k;. ,tw;i waila ehk; cz; ika[l d; filg;gpoj;J xGf ntz;oa bgUbewp xGf;f ';fSk; 1/ ,e;j phpa xGf; fk; 2/ fuz xGf; fk; 3/ $Pt xGf;fk; 4/ Md;k xGf; fk; vd ehd; fhf tiuaiw bra; fpwhh;/ xt;bthUtUk; ,e;j ehd;F bewpfspYk; epd;W ts;syhh; fhl;oa[s ;s ehd;F bgUk; g[Uc&hh;j ;j'; fisa[ k ; mila ntz;L k; vd;gjw;f hf mUl;bgU"; n$hjp ehd;F Kiw Twg;gl;Ls; sJ/ ehy;tif bewpapDk; ehl;Lf vdnt ghy;tif KGtJk; gzpj;j igk;bghd; nd (mfty; thp 1364) kdpj njfk; vLj;j xt;bthUtUk; ehd;F bewpfspYk; epd;W ,iwtid mila ntz;L k;/

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mUl; rpt bewprhh; mUl;bgUepiythH; mUl; rpt gjpahk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
rpt vd;gjw;Fg; bghUs; ty;ygk; cilaJ vd;gjhFk;/ mdhjpaha; kykpy; yhj

(4) rh;t

bgU epiy thH;btd;gJ vf;f hyj; Jk; vt;tplj;Jk; vt;tpjj; Jk; vt;tst[ k; jilglhJ thH; fpd;w thH;ntahFk;/ mUs; vd;gJ flt[ s; tpsf;f k;/ mUns totha;. mdhjpaha;. kykpy;yhjjha; (Mztk;?khia? fd;knk kykhFk; ) rh;t ty;ygKk; cilajha; tps';Fk; rptj; ij mila[k; bewp vJnth mijr; rhh;e;J vf; fhyj;Jk; vjdhYk; jilglhJ thHf;Toa bgUthH;it cilnahh; f; F mUs; mspf;Fk; rptgjpahk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ rpt bewp vd;g J $PtfhUz;akhFk;/ ailjw;Fj; jtnk tHpahFk;/ @Tw; wwpahj bgUe;jth; cs; sf; nfhapypUe;j Fzg; bgU';Fd;nw@ gpw $Ptd;fs;gLk; Jd;gj;ijj; jd;D ila Jd;gkhfnt vz;zp. me; j $Pth;f spd; Jah; Jilf; Fk; $PtfhUz;aj; ijr; rhh;e; J. vf; fhyj; Jk; jilglhj thH;tspf;F k; jt thH;t [ cilnahh;f;F mUs; mspf;Fk; rpt gjpaha; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ bgU thH;it

Mfk Ko nky; Muz Ko nky; Mf epd;W X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(6)

ek; kdpj njfj;i j Myakhf;fp kdpj njfj;jpy; ,iwtd; ,Uf;Fk; ,lkhfpa rpw;r igiaf; fUt{ykhf;fp mDgt';fisa[k; mwpt[iufisa[k; rl';Ffshf;fp itj;jdh; ek; Kd; ndhh;/ gz;i la fhyj;jpy; Mya';fs; Vw;gLj; jt[k;.

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mjpny K:h ;j;j ';fis epWj;jt[k ;. mtz; bra;a ntz; oa rl';Ffisa[k; tpsf;f r; rhj; jpu';fs; tiuag;gl;ld/ ,e;j r; rhj;jpu';f s; Mfk';fs; MFk;/ kdpj clk;gpy; bray;gLk; $Pt tpsf;fnk Myakhtjhy; Mfk';f s; gR E}y; vdg;gl; ld ($Ptd; = gR)/ ,iwtdpd; jd;i k. Fzk;. U:gk;. brhU:gk; Kjypatw; iwg; gy;ntW Jiwfspy; epd;W tpsf;Fk; E}ny ntj';fshFk;/ Muzk; vd;gJ ntjk;/ ,e;j Mfk'; fSk;. ntj';fSk; Koe; j Koghf ve;j tpsf;fj;ijj; jUfpd; wdnth mitfl;F cl;gl;l Jnghy; epd;W mitfspd; Kogpw;F vl;lhJ nkYk; X';f p tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

,f epiyg; bghUsha;g ; guepiyg; bghUsha; mf kwg; bghUe;jpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
,f epiy vd;gJ cyfpay; gu epiy vd;gJ mUspay;

(8)

kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[. fhw;W. Mfhak; Mfpa g";r g{j';fs; kl;L kpd; wp. cyfpd; fz;Qqs;s $lg; bghUs;fSkhfp nkYk; capUs;s midj;J $Pt h;fSkhfp me;j $Pth;fl;F ,d;g Jd;g';f is mspf;Fk; bghUs;f s; mj;jida[khfpa[k ;. mUspay; thH;it nkw;b fhz; nlhh; mDgtpf;fpd;w nguwptiljy;. fhzhj fhl;rp fhzy;. nfshj nfs;tp nfl;ly;. cz;z hJ cz; Qqjy; nghd;w mDgt';fs; kl;Lkpd;wp ,iwtDld; fyf;f pd;w rpj;jp ,d;g Kk; Mfp epw;Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp. jdf; bfd thHhJ Mirfisj; jd; mfj;nj mWj;njhh; cs; sj;n j kl;Lk; bghUe;jp tps';Ffpd;wjhk;/ (Mjhuk;)

kwg;gw;w be";r pil thH;f pd;w ts;sy;
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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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kyg; gw;wWj;jth; thH; j;Jk; kzhsh; rpwg;g[w; w k';ifah; jk;bkhLk; ehd; jhd; rpw;wk;gyk; ghor; bry;fpd;w nghJ g[wg; gw;w fw;wj; bjhl'; fhj bgz;nz g[iy mfg;gw;iw mWj; jha; epdf;nf ,wg;gw;w bjd; fpd; whh; vd; doak; kh vd; if gpof;fpd;whh; vd; doak; kh (jpUtUl;g h 5678) mfkwg; bghUe;Jk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ ciu kdk; fle;j xU bgU btsp nky; miuR bra;J X';F k; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp

(mfty; thp 12)

<dkpd;wpfguj;J ,uz;od; nkw; bghUsha; Mdypd; nwh';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(10)

Kd; thpapny cyfpay;. mUspay; midj;Jg; bghUs;fSk; mtdhff; Twg;gl;l J/ nftykhd ,Hpe;j bghUs;fSk; cs;s dnt ? mtw; i w ePf;f p cah;e ;jit kl;Lnk bfhs;sg;gLfpwJ/ ,Hptpy;yhj. nftykpy;yhjjha; cyfpay; mUspay; Mfpa midj;Jg; bghUs;fSf;Fk; nkw;gl; ljha;. rpwe;jjha; mUl;bgU";n$hjp tps';Ffpd;wJ/ Mdy; vd;g J Mfhak;/ Mfhak; vd;g Jk; btsp jhd;/ Kd; thpapy; mfkwg; bghUe; ;jpa mUl;bgU"; n$hjp vd; whh;/ mfj;j pny mUl;bgU";n$hjp v';nf bghUe;J k; vd ,e;j thpapy; tpsf;F fpd; whh;/ gpz;l j;jpy; mz;lk; g[Utkj;jp vd;gJ ts;syhh; thf;F/ me;jg; g[Ut kj;jpahfpa rpw;r igapy; njhd;w p X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Mfhaj;j py; xspUk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ rhfhf; fiy epiy jiHj;j pL btsp vDk; Mfhaj; bjhsph; mUl;bgU";n$hjp (mfty; thp 52)

ciu kd'; fle;j xU bgU btsp nky;

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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miuR bra;J X';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(12)

kdk;. thf;F. fhak; Mfpa K:d; iwa[ k; jphpfuzk; vd;ghh; fs;/ njfj;i j ve; jf; fhhpaKk; bra;a hky; Rk;k h itj;jpUf;fyhk;/ thapdhYk; ngrhky; Rk;kh ,Uf; fyhk;/ Mdhy; kdijr; Rk;kh itj; jpUf;f Koa[kh> vg;nghJk; vijahtJ epidj;J f; bfhz; nljhd; ,Uf;Fk;/ epjk; vz;gJ nfho epidt[ fs; Vw;gLkhk;/ kdjpdhny ke;jpu';fis (ekr;rptha. rpt rpt. rutzgt) cr; rhldk; bra;tjw;F b$gk; vd;W bgah;/ VjhtJ Xh; cUtj;ij btspna ghh;j; J mij mg;gona fz;fis K:o f;bfhz;L cs;ns fhz Kaw;rp bra;tjw;Fj; jpahdk; vd;W bgah;/ kdjpny vija[ k; epidahky; Rk;k h ,Ug;gjw;Fj; jtk; vd;W bgah;/ ,e;j K:d;w py; rpwe; jJ jtnk/ kdk; bray;glhJ epd;W nghdhy; m';nf njhd;WtJ N:d;a k;/ mjhtJ btsp/ mJnt bgU btsp/ kdk; bray;gLfpd;w tiuapy; ,iw mDgtk; fpl;lhJ/ kdjpd; bray;ghL mw;wt[l d; Vw;g Lfpd;w bksd btspapy; jd;d uR brYj;jp X';fp epw;f pd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ kd czh;t[ bry;yhj; jyj;jhLk; bgUkhd; toit ciuf; fty;y hh; ahh; tGj;jha; vd; fpd; whh; ts;syhh;/

fhw;WUnth fdYUnth flt[SU vd;g hh;
fhw;W Ut[ k; fdYUt[ k; fz;Liug;gP bud; why; ntw;W Unt g[ fy;th; mij ntbwhd; why; kWj;jhy; tpHpj;J tpHpj;J vk;nghy;thh; kpft[k; kUs;fpd;whh; njhw;W ke;jj; jj; JtKk; njhw;whj jj; JtKk; Jhprhf mit fle;j Rf brhUgkhfp khw;w kdt[z h;t[ bry; yhj; jyj;jhLk; bgUkhd; tot[i uf;f ty;ytuhh; tGj;j ha; vd; njhHp. (jpUtUl;g h 5638) kdk; fle;j bksd epiyapy; mUl; bgU";n $hjp mDgtkhf tps';F k; vd;gnj Kothd fUj;J/

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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$hf;uj;. brhg;d k;. RGj; jp. mt!;ijfs; Ie;J vd;gh;/ brhg;dk; RGj;jp $hf;uj; Jhpak; ? ? ? ?

Jhpak;.

JhpahjP jk;

vd

J}f;f epiyapy; kdk; bray;gLtJ cwf;f epiyapy; kdk; bray;glhJ ,Ug;gJ/ tpHpg;g[ epiyapy; kdk; bray;gLtJ tpHpg;g[ epiyapy; kdk; bray;glhJ ,Ug;gJ/

Jhpa kiy nky; csnjhh; n$hjp ts ehL
njhd;W k; mjpy; Iah; elk; bra;a [k; kzp tPL bjhpa[k J fz;lth; fs; fhzpy; capnuhL brj;jhh; vGthh; vd;W ifj; jhsk; nghL/ (jpUtUl;g h 5263) tpHpg;g[ epiyapy; kdk; bray;glhJ epw;Fk; epiyna Jhpak; ? mJnt jtk;/ me; epiyapy; bgU";n $hjpf; fhl;r p njhd;W k;/ ,nj mDgtj;i jj; jhd; kd'; fle;j bgU btsp nky; miuR bra;J mUl;bgU"; n$hjp X';F k; vd;fpwhh;/

Cf;fKk; czh;r;rpa[k; xsp jUk; Mf;ifa[k; Mf;fKk; mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(14)

kd';fle;j bgU btspnky; miuR bra; J mUl; bgU";n $hjp X';F k; vd Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ Rk;kh ,Uf;Fk; Rfky; yth kdk; fle;j bgU epiy/ mJ vspjpy; fpl;Lkh> ek;khy; Mff; Toa brayh vd;bwy;yhk; vz;zp vz; zp Kaw; rp bra;ahky; tpl;L tpLnthnkh vd m"; rpdhhpy; iy ek; bgUkhdhh;/ gd;dpuz;lhz;L bjhl';fpj; jt thH;f;i fia nkw;bfhz;l hh;/ tplh Kaw;rpa[ k;. mile;nj jPu ntz;Lk; vd;w mGj;jkhd czh; r;rpa[k; bfhz;lhh;/ mth; gl;lghL ,t;tst[ vd;W mst[ brhy; y KoahJ/

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Mjhuk; :

gdpuz;lhz;L bjhl'; fp ,w;iwg; gfypd; tiua[ nk
goapy; gl; l ghl; il epidf;fpy; kiya[ k; fiua[nk Jdpahje;jg; ghL KGJk; Rfkjhapw;n w Jiuna epd; bka;aUsp'; bfdf;Fr; brhe;jkhapw;nw (jpUtUl;g h 5041)

<uhwhz;L bjhl';f p ,w;iwg; gfypd; tiua[nk
vspnad; gl;l ghl;i l epidf; fpy; ,Uk;g[k; fiua[ nk Vuhae;jg; ghL KGJk; ,d;gkhapw; nw ,iwth epd; bka;aUsp'; bfdf;Fr; brhe;jkhapw; nw (jpUtUl;g h 5042) ,t;thW mUk;ghLgLtjw;F ntz;oa Cf; fKk;. vg;ghLgl;lhfpDk; mile;n j jP u ntz;Lk; vd;w kpf kpf mGj;j khd czh; r;rpa[k; Mz;ltd; mUspdhd;/ mjd; gadhfj;j hd; mtUila J}y clk;g[ xsp clyhf khwpaJ/ vy;yhr; rpj;jpfSk; mtUf;Ff; iftug; bgw;w d/ jhd; bfhz;l tplh Kaw; rpahYk;. mile;n j jPu ntz;L k; vd; w mjp jPtpu czh;r ;rpahYk; xsp njfKk; vy;yhk; bra; ty;ygKk; mth; bgw; whh;/ Cf;fKk; czh; r;rpa[k; xsp jUk; ahf;ifa[ k; rpj;jp ty;ygKk; jhd; jd; Kaw;rpahy; mile;njd; vd;W Twhky; vy;yhk; mUl;bgU";n $hjpahdJ mtUf;F mUspajhk;/ Fwpg;g[: Mf;fk; vd;gJ bry;t k; vd;W bghUs; gLk;/ xsp jUk; ahf;i f bgw; nwhh; cyfpay; bry;t kh ehLth;> vdnt jhd; Mf; fk; vd;w brhy;y pw;Fr; bry;tk; vd;W bghUs; juhky; rpj; jp ty;ygk; vd;W Twg;gl;lJ/

vy;iyapy; gpwg;bgDk; ,U';fly; flj;jp vd; (16) my;yiy ePf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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xspa[lYk;. vy;yhr; rpj;jpfSk; jhd; bgw;wij Kd; thpapy; Twpdhh;/ xspa[ ly; bgw;wtUf; F kuzk; eP';f ptpLk;/ kuzj;i j btd;wth; ,wg;gJkpy;iy ? kPz;L k; gpwg;gJkpy;iy/ vy;iyapy; gpwg;g[ vd;gij vy;iy ,y; gpwg;g[ vd;W gphpj;J f; bfhz;lhy; mstpl Koahj gpwg;g [ vd;W bghUs;gLk;/ vy;i y vd;w brhy;Yf;F Kot[ vd;Wk; bghUSz;L/ kdpj thH;tpd; Kotpy; kuzk; Vw;gLfpwJ/ ahuhapUe;jhYk; kuzj; ijr; re;j pg;gth;fs; kPz;L k; gpwe;nj Mf ntz;L k;/ Vbddpy; $Ptd; clk;bgLj;nj ,a';Fk; vd;W k;. jdpj;J ,a'; fhJ vd;Wk; vLj;Jf; fhl; oa[s; shh;/ xspa[lk;g[ bgw;wjd; gadhf. Kont ,y;y hj. ,wg;g[ gpwg;g[ vDk; ,Uz;l gpwtpf; fliy ehd; flf;F khW bra;J gpwtp vd;w Jd;gj;i j eP f;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

Vwh epiykpir Vw;wp vd;wdf;nf MwhW fhl;oa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(18)

jkJ gd;d puz; lhk; tajpy; jt thH; f;if Muk;gpj;j ts;syhh; g{j epiy fle; J. ehjk;. gutpe;J. guehjk;. jpf;fpuhe; jk;. mjpf;fpuhe;j k; Kjypa mDgt';fis xt;bthd; whf mile;J Kothf Rj;j rpt epiy mDgtj;ija[k; bgw;W f; flt[Sf;F vd;bdd;d Fz'; fs;. ty;ygk;. jd;ik Kjypad cz; nlh mitaidj;Jk; mth; bgw;W f; flt[ shfnt tps';Ffpd;w hh;/ J}y njfkhf ,Ue;j mtuJ njfk;. Rj;j njfkhf; gpuzt njfkhf. "hd njfkhf khwpaJ/ ,Jtiu ahUk; mile;jwpahj mDgt';fis mth; mile;jhh;/ gpukh;f s;. ehuzh;fs;. cUj;jpuh;fs; kw;wth;f s; milahj mDgtj;ij ts;syhh; mile;jhh;/ ahUk;

cUj;jpuh;fs; xU nfho ehuzh; gy; nfho
cWgpukh; gy nfho ,e;jpuh; gy nfho

11

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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bgUj;j kw;i wj; njth; fSk; Kdpth; f Sk; gpwUk; ngrpyde;j'; nfho M';f h';n f Toj; jpUj; jKWk; jpUr;rigapd; gog;g[w j;nj epd;W jpa';Ffpd;whh; el';f hQqk; rpe;ijauhae;njh tUj;jbkhd;W '; fhzhnj ehbdhUj; jpnawp khel'; fhz; fpd; nwd; vd; khjte;jhd; bghpnj/ (jpUtUl;g h 5776) jhd; mile;j g{uz epiy mDgtj;jhy; kd epiwtile;j ts;syhh; g{hpg;gile;J vd;dplkpUe;J Jd;gj;i jf; fHw;wp vwpe; J tpl;nld; ftiyia xHpj;Jtp;l; nld; ? gpwtp vd;w rl;l j; ijf; fpHpj;J vwpe;J tpl;nld; ? J}f; fj;i jj; Jwe;J tpl;nld; ? rhita[ k ; nehita[k ; jtph;e ;J tpl;nld; ? ,iwtdpd; bry;tg; gps;isa[ k; Mapndd; ? vdf;f pJ nghJk; vd;W Mde;j vf;fspg;gpy; Js;Sfpd;whh;/ tpl;blhHpe;njd; fyf;f Kk; jPh;e; jdd; gpwtpr; rl;lKk; fpHpj; njd; J}f;fKk; Jwe;njd; rhita[k; nehita[k ; jtph;e; njd; rpl;lKkile;njd; rpw;r iga[ilahd; bry;t bka;g;gps;is vd;bwhU ngh;g; gl;lKe; jhpj;njd; vdf;fpJ nghJk; gz;zpa jtk; gypj;jJnt/ (jpUtUl; gh 4736) vd;idg; nghy nehthJ nehd;g[ Fk; gpl;ltUk; rhth tuk; vidg; nghy; mile; jtUk; ,iwtnd epd; nguUis vd;nghyg; bgw;wtUk; vt;t[y fpy; ahUsh; eP rw;nw miw vd;W ,iwtidna ts;syhh; nfl; fpd; whh;/ fl;lKk; fHd;n wd; ftiy

nehthJ nehd;g[ vidg; nghy; nehw; w tUk; v";"hd;Wk;
rhth tuk; vidg; nghy; rhh;e ;jtUk; ? njth epd; nguUis vd; nghyg; bgw;wtUk; vt;t[ yfpy; ahUsh; eP rw;nw miw/ (jpUtUl;gh 5624) ,iwtd; ,t;tpdhtpw;F tpil mspj; jpUf;fpwhd;/ cd;idj; jtpu cyfpy; ntW ahUk; jFjpahdth;

12

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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vdf;fpy;yhjjpdhy;j hd; vy;y hk; ty;y rpj;J f;fis cdf;fspj;n jd; vd;W ts;syhhplk; ,iwtd; Twpdhd;/ (Mjhuk;)

vy; yhk; ty;y rpj;J vdf;F mspj;J vdf;Fid
my;yhjpiybaDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp (mfty; thp 298) ,Jtiu ahUk; milahj mDgt epiyf;F ts; syhh; Vwp mile;j hh; vd;W Twpdhy; kl;Lk; tpsf;fk; KGikailahJ/ kdpjuha;j; njhd; wpf; flt[s; kakhdth; ts;syhh;/ jhd; bgw;w me;jg; ngw;iw ,e; j thpapy; ts;syhh; tpsf;Ffpd;whh;/ ,Jtiu ahUk; Vwpawpahj mDgt epiyf;F vd;i d Vw;wp vd; jdf;F Kg;gj;jhW jj;Jt';f s; epiyia tpsf;Ftpj;jUspa mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ MwhW vd;g ij 6 x 6 ? 36 vd;w hy; jj;Jt'; fs; 36/ MW vd;why; tHp my;yJ khh;f ;fk; vd;W bghUs;/ MW vd;gJ ntjhe;jk;. rpj;jhe;jk;. nghfhe;j k;. nahfhe;jk;. ehjhe; jk;. fyhe;j k; vd me;j';fs; vd;why; mitfspd; khh;f; fk; ,d; dbjd vdf;fwptpj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp vdt[k; bghUs; bfhs;syhk;/

IaKk; jphpg[k; mWj;J vdJ clk;g pDs; IaKk; ePf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(20)

Iak; vd;gJ cz;lh. ,y;i yah ? elf;Fkh. elf; fhjh ? tUkh. tuhjh ? Koa[kh. Koahjh vd;gJ nghd;W kdjpny vGk; re;njfkhFk;/ jphpg[ MFk;/ fs;tndh fapiwg; vd;gJ xd;i w kw;bwhd;whfj; jtwhf epidg;gJ mjhtJ ,utpny xU fl;iliag; ghh; j;Jf; vd;W jpifg;gJk;. fP nH tise;J fplf;F k; xU ghk;ghf vz;zpg; gag;g LtJk;. fpsp"; riy

13

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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bts;spahf vz;zp VkhWtJk;. gpj;jisiag; bghd;ndh vd vz;QqtJk; jphpg[ my;y J kaf;fk; vd; ghh;fs;/ khh;gfj;jpny rsp bgUf K:r;R tpl Koahky; jpzw itf;Fk; neha;tag;gl;L kuzg; gLf;ifapy; cs; sth;f ;F ,t;thW epfGkhdhy; kuzk; clnd rk;gtpf;F k; vd;ghh;f s;/ ,e;jr; rPj sj;i jj;j hd; clk;gpDs; Iak; vd; fpd; whh;/ kdjpny cz;lhfpa re;n jfj; ija[k ; kaf;fj;i ja[k; mWj;J vdJ clk;gpDs; ,Ue;j rP jsj;jhy; Vw;gLk; <ur; rspiaa[k ; eP f;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

xd;bwd ,uz;bld xd;wpuz;bld ,it md;bwd tps';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(22)

jpUtUl;ghtpny ifahsg;gl;Ls;s brhw;fspy; vspjpy; tps';fpf; bfhs;s Koahj rpy thh;j ; ijfl;Fg; bghUs; kw;w E}y;fspnyh mfuhjpfspnyh njlhky; jpUtUl;ghtpnyna njl ntz;Lk;/ xd;bwd ,uz; bld vd;gjw;F xt;b thUth; kdjpYk; xt;bthU bghUs; tuyhk;/ Mdhy; ts;syhh; ve;jg; bghUspy; ,ij vGjpapUg;ghh; vd;W Ma;e; J bghUs; fz;lhy; cz;ikg; bghUis mwpayhk;/ xd;W . ,uz;L vd;wth; mLj;J K:d;W vd;dhky; xd;wpuz;L vd; fpwhh;/ mjhtJ xd;W vd;wJ vJnth. ,uz;L vd;wJ vJnth mit ,uz;L k; nrh;e ;jJ xd;wpuz;L/ jpUtUl;gh fPh; j;jidg; gFjpapy; thhPh; rpjk;guty;yp rptfhkty;yp kzhsnu thhP h; vd;W bjhl';f p 104 fz;zpfis ,aw; wpaUspa[s; shh; fs;/ mtw;wpy; 43tJ fz;zpiaf; fhz;f/

14

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

@ cUtha; mUtha; cUtUtha; ,it xd;W ky;y Ph; ,';F thhPh ; vd;W k; ey;yP h; ,';F thhPh;/ (jpUtUl;g h 4396) ,e;jf; fz; zpia Ma[kplj;J xd;W ? cUtk; ,uz;L ? mUtk; xd;wpuz;L ? cU mUtk; xd;wpuz;L vd;w brhy; xd;iwa[ k; ,uz;ila[k ; nrh;j ;J cUtUtk; Mapw;W / ,uz;lhtJ thpapy; ,it md; bwd tps'; fpa mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd; fpwhh;/ fP h;j; jidf; fz;zpapYk; ,it xd;W ky;y Ph; vd;f pd;w hh;/ vdnt ,e;j mfty; thpf;F vy; yh tifapYk; bghUj;j khd tpsf;fkhf ,e;jf; fPh; j;jidf; fz;zp tps';F fpwJ/ ,Jtiu njhd;wpa mUshsh;fs; mj;JizngUk; ve;jr; rkaj; jtuha;. ve;j kjj;jtuha; ,Ue; jhYk; ,iwtid xU rhuhh; cUtkhf ,Ug; gtd; vd;Wk;. kw; bwhU rhuhh; ,y;i y. ,y;i y ,iwtd; mUtkhfnt ,Uf;f pd;whd; vd;W k;. ,it ,uz;i la[k; kWj;J ntbwhU rhuhh; ,iwtd; ,uz;Lkhf mjhtJ cUtUtkhf ,Uf;f pd;w hd; vd;Wk; Twpa[s; sdh;/ xl;L bkhj;j khff; fz;lhy; ,iwtid cUtkhf. mUtkhf my;y J cUtUtkhf ,e; j K:d; whfnt fhl;oa[ s;sdh;/ ,iwtidg; gw;wpa vy;yh tpsf;f';fSk; ,e;j K:d;w pDs; ml';fptpLk;/ ts;syhh; ,e;j mfty; thpapy; jUk; tpsf; fnkh vd;dbtdpy; cUtkhf (xd;bwd) mUtkhf (,uz;b ld) cUtUtkhf (xd;wpuz;L) ,itbay; yhk; tpsf; fk; md;W vd;W tps';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp//

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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XjhJ czh;e;jpl xsp mspj;J vdf;nf Mjhukhfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(24)

jd;idg; gw; wp ts;syhh; TWfpd;whh;/ mjhtJ ve;j Mrphpahplj; Jk; brd;W fy;t p gapyhknyna jhd; vy;yh E}y;fisa[ k; czh; e;J bfhz;lij mwptpf;f pd;w hh;/ XjhJ vd;w brhy; Mrphpahplj;J r; brd;W fy;tp gapyhjij kl;Lkpd;wp ve;j E}iya[k ; jhd; gof;ftpy;iy vd;Wk; ts;syhh; TWtjhf mike; Js;s J/ ts;syhh; njhd;wpa nghnj "hd mwpt[ld;jhd; te; jhh; vd;gjw;F ,ijtpl ntW Mjhuk; ntz;Lnkh> ve;jg; gs;spapYk; brd;W ve;j Mrphpahplj;Jk; ve; j E}iya[k; Xjhkny vy;y hf; fiyfisa[k; czUkhW xsp mspj; jJ kd;wp vd;idj; jh';fp tsh; j;J vdf;F Mjhukhf mjhtJ Cd;W nfhyhf tps';f pa mUl;bgU";n$hjp vd;fpwhh;/ Xjhky; czUtJ rhj;j pakh> rj;j pag; bgU tpz;zg; gj;jpy; jd; idg; gw; wp ts;syhh; TWtJ :@vy; yhkhdtuha[ k; xd;Wky;yhjtuha[ k;. vy;yh mz;l ruhru';fspd; mfj;Jk; g[wj;Jk; epiwe;J tps';Ffpd;w jdpj; jiyikf; flt[ns! Fkhu gUtj;jpy; vd;idf; fy;tpapw; gapw;W k; Mrphpaiuapd;wpna vd; juj;jpy; gapd;W mwpjw;fUikahfpa fy;tpg; gapw;rpia vdJs; sj;n j apUe;J gapw;W tpj;jUspdPh ;@ Xh; Mrphpahpd; wp jhd; midj;i ja[ k; mwpe; J bfhz;l jhff; TWfp;d;w hh;/ ,iwtdplnk

cgnjrf; Fwpg;g[f spy; ts;s yhh; Twpa[s; sJ/ @gj;J Ms; Rik xU tz; o ghuk;/ ehD}W tz; or; Rik xU N: y; tz;o ghuk;/ N:y ; tz;o Mapu'; bfhz;l E}y;fis xU b$d; kj;j py; xUtd; mjp jPtpu $Pt Kaw;rpahy; gof;fr; rpwpa cghridr; rfhaj;j hy; Koa[k ;/

16

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mg;gog;gl;ltd; Mapuk; b$d;k k; vLj; Jg; gof;Fk; fiy mwpit mUs; Kd;dplkhfr; Rj; j rpt nehf; fj;j hy; mwpaj; bjhl';f pdhy; xU fzj;jpy; goj; Jf; bfhs;s yhk;/ ,J rj;j pak;/ @ ,ijna jpUtUl;ghtpYk; xU ghl; oy; Fwpf;fpd;whh;/

fhuzkpJ g[hpfhhpakpJ nkw; fhuzf; fhhpaf; fUtpJ gytha;
Muzkhfk kpit tphpj;J iuj; nj mse; jpLk; eP mit mile; jpld; kfnd g{uz epiy mDgt Kwpy; fzkhk; bghHpjpdpywpjp vg;bghUs; epiyfSnk jhuzp jdpy; vd;w jat[ ilaunr jdp eluh$ vd; rw;FUkzpna/ (jpUtUl;g h 3695) xt;bthU E}iya[k; goj;Jj;jhd; mwpe; J bfhs;s ntz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy/ g{uz epiy mDgtk; Vw;gLk; bghGJ fzj;jpy; vg;bghUs; epiyfisa[k; mwpa Koa[k ; vd;fpwhh;/ ,d;bdhU ghl;oYk; jhd; fw;wJ. nfl;lJ. fz;lJ. bgw;wJ vy;yhk; ,iwtdplj; nj vd;Wk;. jhd; g[h pe;j J bgUe;jtk; vd;W k;. ,t;thW jhd; mile; jJ mjprank vd;W '; TWfpd;w hh;/

Rw; wJ kw;wt;t Hp khNjJ vd; bwz; zhj;
bjhz;l buyh'; fw;fpd;whh; gz;L kpd;W'; fhzhh; vw;wJk;g[ kzp kd;wpy; ,d;g elk;g[hpa[k; vd;Dila Jiuna ehd; epd;Dila mUshy; fw;wJ epd; dplj;nj gpd; nfl;l J epd; dplj;n j fz;lJ epd; dplj;nj cl;b fhz; lJ epd; dplj;n j bgw;wJ epd; dplj;nj ,d;g[w ;wJ epd; dplj;nj bghpa jtk;g[hpe;njd; vd; bgw; wp mjprank/ (jpUtUl;g h 3044) jhd; XjhJ czh;e; jijg; gw;wp ts; syhnu btspg;gLj;j pa mfr; rhd;Wfs; rpytw; iwf; fz;nlhk;/

17

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mtuJ Kjy; khztuhff; fUjg; gLk; bjhGt{h; ntyha[j Kjypahh; mth;f s; brd;id milahW jpahrhgpfy; r';fj; jhh; f;F mspj;j thf;FK:y k; xd;wpYk; moapw; Fwpj;Js;sthW Twpa[s ;shh;/ @,th; jk; xd;gjhk; tajpnyna Mhpah;fshYk;. jpuhtplh;fshYk; rhp rkhdkha; mgpkhdpj;jth;/ mfj;j pah; Kjypa Kdpth;fshy; vGjg;gl;l ghf;fis Xjhkny kdg;ghlkha;g; ghLk; ehtsj;ijg; bgw;wpUe;jjhft[k ; brhy;y f; nfs;tp/@ ,tUf;F Kd;Dk; mUzfphpahh;. FkuFUguh; nghd;nwhh; ,iwaUs; ty;ygj;j hy; ghly;fs; ,aw;wpdh; vd;Wk; mth;fSk; ve; j Mrphpahplj; Jk; fy;tp gapd;wthpy;iy vd;Wk; tuyhW TWfpd; wJ/ vdnt XjhJ czh;j y; rhj;jpak; rhj;jpank/

ngh; xstpak; Mjpnahh; MWk; jtph;j;j ngh ; mt;t pay; tGj;J k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(26)

xstpak; vd;gJ bghwhik/ gf;jp vd;w brhy; iy btWknd brhy;y hky; gagf;jp vd;W TWtJz;L/ mjhtJ gf;jp cilnahh; ,iwtDf;Fg; gae;J elf;f ntz;L k; vd;gJk;. mjw;F milahsk; mth;fs; jtW bra;ag; gag;gLthh;fs; vd;gJk; ,jd; tpsf;fk;/ jtW bra;ahjth;fs; Fzj;jpy; vt;t hW tps';Fthh; fs; > mth;fsplj; jpy; ve;jj; jPa FzKk; ,Uf;fhJ/ mg;go fhkk;. Fnuhjk;. nyhgk;. nkhfk;. kjk;. khr;r h; ak; (bghwhik) Mfpa MW ,Hp Fz'; fisa[ k; monahL eP f; fpath;fs; J}a; ika[l d; tz';fpg; nghw;W k; mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

jpUepiyj; jdp btsp rpt btsp vDnkhh; mUs; btspg; gjptsh; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(28)

mUl; bgU";n $hjp mfty; m vd; w vGj;jpy; bjhl'; fp mfu thpirapy; xs tiu vGjg;gl; Ls;sJ/ xs vd;w

18

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

vGj;jpw;Fg; gpd; Ma[j vGj;jhfpa ` vd;w vGj; J tu ntz;oa ,lj;jpy; jpUepiy vd;W vGjg;gl;L s;sJ/ jpUepiy vd;gJ Ma[j vGj; ijf; Fwpf;fpd;wJ/ ,e;j Ma[j vGj; J vijf; Fwpf; fpd; wJ> kdpj Kfj;j pYs; s ,uz;L fz; fis Ma[j vGj;j pd; fPGs; s ,uz;L g[s;spfSk; bew;wpapYs; s fz;iz nkny cs;s g[ s;spa[k ; Fwpf;fpd;wJ/ Mf ,e;j Ma[ j vGj;jhdJ Kfj;jpYs;s Kf;fz; fnsahFk;/ jpUepiy vd;gJ Ma[j vGj;ija[ k; fz;fisa[k; kl;Lnk Fwpf;fpd;wJ jpUtUl;ghtpny rhd;W cs; sJ/ Kfj;jpYs;s vd;gjw;Fj;

thhPh; rpjk;guty;yp rptfhkty;yp kzhsnu thhP h; vd; w fPh;j; jidg; ghliyf; ftdpj;j hy; me;j f; fP h;j; jidf; fz;zpfSk; mfu thpirapy; vGjg;g l;Ls;sd/ m';F k; m vd;w vGj; jpypUe;J xs vd; w vGj;Jtiu thpirahf vGjpa ek;bgUkhdhh; xs tpw;Fg;g pd; Ma[j vGj;j hfpa `tu ntz;oa ,lj;j py; fz;zidaPh; vd;W vGJfpwhh;/ Ma[j vGj;J fz;f ns jtpu ntwpy; iy vd;g J epU:gzkhfpd;w J/ Kf;fz; fshfpa K:d;W g[ s;spfisa[k; nrh;j ;jhy; Kf;nfhzk; mjhtJ khlk; xd;W cUthFk;/ me;j ,lj;jpw;Fr; rpw;r ig vd;Wk; g[Utikak; vd;Wk; ,d;Dk; vt;tsnth bgah;f s; tH';Ffpd;wd/ jpUepiyahfpa jdp btsp. rpt btsp vdg;gLk; mUs; btspahfpa ,lj;jpy; tsh;fpd;w mUl; b gU";n$hjp/ kdijf; fl;l ntz;oa ,lk; ,e; jg; g[Utikak; jhd;/ kdk; m'; nf ml';fpdhy; m'; nf njhd;WtJ xg;gw;w btsp/ kdk; ml';fpr; Rk;k h ,Uf;F k; epiyapy; Vw;gLtnj rpthDgtk;/ mUs; tps';FtJk; mnj ,lk; jhd;/ vdntjhd; me;jg; g[Ut ikak;. jpUepiyj; jdp btsp. rpt btsp. mUs; btsp vd;bwy;yhk; Twg;g l;lJ/ Kf;fz; fs; vdg;gLk; g[Ut ikakhfpa mUl; bgU";n $hjp mDgtk; tsUkhk;/ rpw;r igapy;

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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xU epiy ,Jnt cah; epiy vDk; xU jpUepiy nktpa rptnk rptnk (mfty; thp 950) jpUepiy vd;gJ rptkhfpa mUis milaf; bgU epiy vdr; Rl;of; fhl;lg;gLtJ fhz;f/ Toa

Rj;j rd;khh;f;fr; Rfj; jdp btsp vDk; mj;jifr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp
bghwp. g[yd;fis vd;W Kd;ndhh; Twpdh;/ ts;syhh; TWfpwhh;/

(30)

mlf;fpr; Rk;kh ,Ug;gijna Rfk; Rj;j rd; khh;f;f Rfk; vJbtd;W

mftypy; tUk; filrp thpfis Ma; n thk;/

cyfpdpy; caph;fl;F cWk; ,ila{bwyhk;
tpyf eP mile;J tpyf;Ff kfpH; f Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiy bgWf cj;jkdhFf X';Ff vd;w id cyf caph;fspd; Jau';f isj; kfpH;r ;rp miltnj Rj; j rd;k hh;f ;f eluh$gjp khiyapy; cs; s xU ghl;L/ (1590 ? 1592)

jhdile;J tpyf;f p Rf epiy vd;gjh>

Jd;bgyhe; jPh ;e;j d Rfk; gypj;jJ epidr; N:H ;e;j J mUs;
xsp epiwe; nj Rj;j rd;k hh;f ;f epiy mDgtk; epdf;n f Rje;jukhdJ cyfpy; td;bgyh ePf; fp ey; tHpbayhk; Mf;fp bka; thH;btyhk; bgw;W kpft[k; kd;Dapbuyhk; fspj;jpl epidj; jid a[d;w d; kd epidg;gpd;gof;nf md;g eP bgWf cythJ ePL:H p tpisahLfmUl;n$hjpahk; Ml;rp je;n jhk; cidf; iftpnlhk; iftpnlhk; Miz ek;khiz vd;nw ,d;g[wj; jpUthf;F mspj; J vd;D ns fye;J ,irt[ ld; ,Ue;j FUnt vy;y hk; bra;ty; y rpj; jhfp kzp kd;wpdpy; ,y';F eluh$ gjpna/ (jpUtUl;g h 3676)

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

brj; jhbuGe;j dh; Rj;j rd;k hh;f ;f"; rpwe;jJ/
xj;jhh; cah;e;j hh; ,y;y h xUtida[w ;w ile;nj ehd; rpj;jhLfpd; wdd; rhfh tuKk; rpwf; fg; bgw;nwd; ,j; jhuzpapbydf;fpiz ahbud;w pak;g[ nfnd jhd; mUs; mile;J me;j mUisf; bfhz;L gpwh; Jah; Jilf;f mjdhy; Vw;gLk; ,d; gnk Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiyr;R fk; vd mwpag;gLfpwJ/ Kd;thpapy; jdp btspapd; rpwg;g [ Twg;gl;lJ/ (me; j mDgtk; bgw;nwhh;fl;F) Rj;j rd;khh; f;fr; Rfkhfpa. vf;fhyj;Jk; vjdhYk; mHpahj nghpd;gg; bgU thH;itj; juty; y Rj;j rptepiyf;F k; mjP jkhd mDgt epiyr; rpw;rig X';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

hdr; Rj;j bka;";"hdr; Rnfhja btspbaDk; mj;J tpjr; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(32)

Rj;j rd;khh; f;f Rfk; vd;gJ gpw caph;fl;F cz;lhFk; Jd;gj;i j ePf; fp mit kfpGk;nghJ mijf; fz;L Vw;gLk; ,d;gnk vd Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ/ $Ptd; ntW ,iwtd; ntW vd;gJ Jitjk;/ xt;bthU $PtDk; ,iwtidaila Kaw;r p bra;J ,iwtDld; ,uz; lwf; fyf; fg; bgWk; epiy mj;itjk; vdg;gLk;/ JitjkhapUe;j hy; mj; itjk; jhnd MFk; vd;W ts; syhh; TWfpd;whh;/ me;j mj;itj epiy milfpd;w nghJ njhd;Wfpd;w Rfk; tsUk; jd;i ka[ila nghpd;gkhjyhy; Rf cjak; vdg;gl; l J/ ,uz;lw;w epiy mDgtk;jhd; bka;" ;"hdk; mspg;gJ/ ,e;jg; nghpd;gj;ij mspf;F k; mj;itj mDgtr; rigahfpa rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

21

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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J}a fyhe;j Rfe;jU btsp vDk; Ma rpw;rigapy; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(34)

fiyfs; 64 vd tiuaiw bra;ag;gl; Ls;sd/ me; jf; fiyfs; midj;jpida[k ; xUtd; mwpe;J bfhs;t hdhdhy; mtDf;F Vw;gLk; bgUkpjk;. mjdhy; tpisa[ k; Mde;jk; mstpl KoahjJ/ me;jf; fiyfs; ve;j Koit mwptpf;fpd;wdnth me;j Kont fyhe;j k;/ rpw;rig mDgtkhdJ me;j f; fyhe;j Koit vspjpy; mspj;JtpLk;/ rpw;rigapy; kdk; ml';Fk; rkaj; jpy; njhd;Wk; btsp mDgtj;jpy; fiyfs; midj;ija[ k; mwpe;J bfhs;s Koa[k;/ fiyfs; midj;jpida[k ; mwpe;j Rfj;ijj; jUfp;d;w rpw;rigapy; tps';F k; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

"hd nahfhe;j elj;jpU btspbaDk; Mdpapy; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(36)

rhpia fphpia Kjypa rhjfk; ehd; fpy; "hdnahfk; vd;gJ gjpide; jhtJgoahFk;/ ,e;j mDgtk; Vw;gLk;nghJ kdjpy; epuhir cz;lhfpwJ/ epuhir cz;l hdJk; kdk; bray;ghod;wp mWe;J tpLfpwJ/ kdk; mWgl;lt[ ld; ,iw mDgtk; njhd;w Muk;gpf;fpd;wJ/ mJ guehj mDgtj;jpy; ngbuhspahf tpisfpwJ/ "hd nahfhe;jk; vd;Dk; 15k; go mDgtj;jpy; njhd;W k; xsp miritf; fhl;Lk; jpUbtsp vd;W Twg;gLk; Fw;w kw;w rpw;r igapd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

tpky nghjhe;j khbka;g ; bghUs; btsp vDk; (38) mky rpw;rigapy; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
Mztk; khia fd;kk; vd; fpd; w Kk; ky';fshy; tUk; ,d;gj;i j kl;Lnk $Pt h;fshfpa ehk; mwpe;J mDgtpj;J tUfpd; nwhk;/ epuhir njhd;wpa kdjpny ,e;j ky nghjk;

22

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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eP';fp tpLfpd;wJ/ ky nghjk; eP ';fpa tplj;nj ,iw mDgtk; njhd;W fpd;w J/ ,e; j ,d;gnk nkyhd cz;ikahd ,d;gk;/ ,ijj;jhd; tpky nghjk; vd;fp;d ;whh;/ ,e;jg; nghj Kotpy; nkd;ika[ ilajha; cz; ikahd bka;g; bghUs; vJnth mijf; fhl;L k; btsp vd;W brhy;yg;gLk; Mztk;. khia. fd;k k; Mfpa kykw;w rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

bghpa ehjhe;jg; bgU epiy btsp vDk; mhpa rpw;wk;g yj;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(40)

jtk; bra; nthh; guehj epiy mDgtk; bgWnthh; ,iwtidg; bgU";n $hjpahff; fhQqth;/ mjdhy;jhd; ,e;j mDgtj;ijg; bghpa ehjhe;jg; bgU epiy vd;W TWfpd;whh;/ miltjw;F mUikahd rpw;w k;gyj;jpy; cs;s btspapny ehjhe; jj;j pd; Kotpny tps';F fpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ ehjhe; jj;j py; bgU"; n$hjp njhd;Wk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

<w; wwpnad; ,Ue;j pUe; jp'; fjprapg;gbjd; dP
vd;fpd;wha; eP vid tpl;n lFbjhW ehd;whd; fhw;wwpahj; jPgk; nghypUe; jpL kj;jUzk; fz;l ghpbrd;g[fy; ntd; mz; l gfpuz;l e; njhw;w wpahg; bgU"; n$hjp kiy guehjj;nj njhd;w pa jh';fjdLnt njhd; wpabjhd; wJjhd; khw;wwpahg; bghd;b dhspnah mt;bthspf; Fs;shLk; ts;syUbshspnahtPj jprapf;Fk; tifna ehjhe; jj;j pd; Kotpny elkpLk; xspna ,iwtd;/

(5767)

ntjj; jpd; Ko kpir tps';Fnkhh; tpsf;nf
bka;g;bghUshfk tpad; Kor; Rlnu ehjhe; jj;j pd; KoeL elkpLk; xspna eitaW Ksj; jpil ez; zpa eynk Vjj;jpdpd; bwidbaLj;J mUs; epiyf;nf Vw;wpa fUiz bad; dpd;Daph;j ; Jizna jhJw;w clk;gHpah tif g[ hpe; jha; jdp eluh$ vd;r w;FUkzpna/ (jpUtUl;gh 3700)

23

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Rj;j ntjhe;jj; Jhpa nky; btsp vDk; (42) mj;jF rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
ntj';fs;. Mfk'; fs; Kjypa vy; yhtw;wpYk; gy cz;ikfis kf;fSf;F czh;j ; Jtjw;fhfg; gyg;gy rk;gt';f is. ekJ Kd;ndhh; vGjp itj;Js; sdh;/ brhy;y ntz;oa cz;ikfis neuoahfr; brhy;y hky;. fijfs; K:ykhft[k;. rpy rpy rk;gt';fs; K:ykhft[k;. TwpapUf; fpwhh; fs;/ ntj';f isa[k ;. Mfk'; fisa[k; fw;wth;f s;. tpsf;Fgth; fs;. mitfspYs;s rk; gt';fis vLj;Jr; brhy;f pd;w hh;f ns jtpu mtw; wpy; kiwf;fg;gl;Ls;s cz;ikfis vLj;Jr; brhy;tjpy;iy/ mitfspy; cz;ikfs; btspg;gilahfr; brhy; yg;glhky; kiwf;fg; gl;Ls;sd vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

ntjhfk';f bsd;W tPz; thjkhLfpd; wPh ;
ntjhfkj;jpd; tpistwpaP h; ? Njhfr; brhd;dtyhy; cz; ik btsp njhd; w ciuj;j ypiy vd;d gandh ,it (jpUtUl;g h 5516) ntjhfk';fspYs;s cz;ikia czh;e;J bfhs; s ntz;Lk;/ cyfj;j hh; cz;ikia czuhky; bgha;ahd tw;iwna ek;g[ fpwhh;fs;/ (Mjhuk;)

njhd;w pa ntjhfkj;ijr; rhybkd t[ iuj;njk;
brhw;bghUSk; ,yf; fpaKk; bgha; badf; fz;lwpnay; Cd;wpantjhfkj;jpd; cz;ik epdf;fhFk; cyfwp ntjhfkj;i jg; bgha;badf; fz;Lzh;tha; Md;w jpUtUl; br';nfhy; epdf;fspj;n jhk; ePna Ms;f mUbshspahy; vd;wspj;j jdpr; rptnk Vd;w jpUtKbjdf;F k; <e;j bgUk; bghUns ,y';F elj;j unr vd; ,ira[ kzpe;jUns (jpUtUl;g h 4177)

24

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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fiya[iuj;j fw;gidfisbay;yhk; fz; K:oj;jdkhf mg;gona ek;gp tplhky; mtw;wpd; cz;ikia Ma; e;jwptnj rd;khh;f;f k;/ ntjhe;j j;jpd; cz;ik czh;tnj Rj; j ntjhe;jk;/ $hf;uj;. brhg;dk;. RGj;jp. Jhpak;. JhpahjP jk; vd; w mtj;ijfspy; Jhpak; vd;gJ tpHpg;g[ epiyapy; kdk; bray;glhjpUj;jyhFk;/ kdk; bray;glhjnghJ mjpy; vz;z'; fs; Tl vHhJ/ N:d;akhf ,Ug;gjhy; mij btspbad;W k; ,jw;F nky; bghpaJ xd;Wkpy; iyahjyhy; Jhpa nky; btsp vd;Wk; Twg;gl;L s;sJ/ Jhpa epiy mDgtk; Vw;gLkhdhy; n$hjp bjhpa[k ; vd;fpd;whh; ts; syhh;/ (Mjhuk;)

Jhpa kiy nkYsnjhh; n$hjp ts ehL
njhd;W kjpy; Iah; elk; bra;a [ kzp tP L bjhpa[k J fz;lth; fs; fhzpYapnuhL brj;jhh; vGthh; vd;W ifj; jhsk; nghL (jpUtUl;g h 5263) ntjhe;j j;jpd; cz; ikaha; tps';Ftjha[k; Jhpak; vd;W brhy;yg;gLfpd; w nkyhd btsp mDgtkha; tps';Ftjha[k ; cs;s rpw;r igapy; tps';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

Rj;j rpj;jhe;j Rfg; bgU btsp vDk;
mj;j dpr; rpw;r ig mUl;bgU";n$hjp (44) ehjhe; jj; jpUtPjp ele;J flg; ngndh vd;W bjhl';Fk; ghlypy; ntjhe;j rpj;jhe;j rkurKk; tUnkh vd;W ghLtjpypUe;J ntjhe;jKk; rpj;jhe;j Kk; khWgl;l fUj;J f; fisa[ilaJ vd;gJ g[h pfpd;wJ/ rpj;jhe;jj;jpd; cz;i kia czh;e; J bfhz; ljhy; Vw;gLk; Rfkhfpa bgUbtsp vd;gJ xg;gw;w rpw;r igna MFk;/ mr;rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

25

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

$PtdhdJ ,iwtDld; ,uz;lwf; fyf;f Ko[ak; vd;W ntjhe;jk; Twpdhy; Koant KoahJ ve;j epiy mDgtk; $Pt Df;F Vw;gl;l hYk; ,iwtd; ntWjhd;. $Ptd; ntWjhd;. vd;W k; ,uz;Lk; fyf;f nt fyf;fhJ vd;W rpj;jhe;jk; TWk;/

jfu bka;";"hdj; jdpg;bgU btsp vDk;
mfu epiyg; gjp mUl;bgU";n$hjp (46) jfuk; vd;gJ clk;g[ mjhtJ bka; tha; fz; K: f;F brtp Mfpa ,e;jphpa';f s;/ mfu epiyg;gjp vd;gjpy; m vd;gJ caph; mjhtJ $Ptd;/ mfu epiy vd;g J $Ptd; ,Uf;Fkplk;/ mjhtJ $Pthfhrk;/ $Pthfhrk; vd;gJ rpw;rig/ vdnt mfu epiy vd;gJ rpw;r ig/ mHpa[k ; clk;ig vd;Wk; mHpahj epiybgw;W itf;fpd;w "hdj; ijna jfu bka;" ;" hdk; vd;gh;/ tps';f

njfj;i j "hd njfkhf khw;wf; Toa nguDgtj;ijj; juf; Toa bgU btspahf tps';F k; rpw;rig vDk; $Pthfhrj;J ,iwtdhfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ njfj;i j mHpahj njfkhf khw;w Koa[kh vd;g jw;F epiwa Mjhu'; fisj; jpUmUl;ghtpny ek; bgUkhdhh; jUfpd;whh;/ cjhuzkhf

bgh j;jpa kyg; gpzpg; g[ Gf;Fuk;igjhd;
rpj;jpay; Rj;j rd;k hh;f ;fr; nrh;g;gpdhy; epj;jpakhfpna epfGk; vd;gJ rj;jpak; rj;jpak; rfj;JsPh;f ns (jpUtUl;gh 5402) jd; njfk; mHpahj epiy bgw;wija[k; btspg;gLj; Jfpwhh;/

MLfpd;w nrtof;nf Mshndd; khshj ahf;i f bgw;nwd;
TLfpd;w rd; khh; f;f r';f j;nj eLtpUe;J Fyht[fpd;nwd; ghLfpd;n wd; ve;i j gpuhd; gjg;g[ fiH ghog;gho ePLfpd; nwd; ,d;g f;Tj;jhLfpd;nwd; vz;zbkyhk; epuk;g pndnd (jpUtUl;gh 5445)

26

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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btspbaDk; jj;J th jPjj; jdpg; bghUs; btspbaDk; mj;jpU tk;g yj;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(48)

jj;Jtk; mz;l jj;Jtk;. gpz; l jj;Jtk; vd ,uz;lhf tps';F fpd; wJ/ mz;l j;jpy; fhl;lg;g l;Ls; s gpUk;kh. tpc&;Qq Kjypait mz; l jj;Jt';fs;/ kdk;. g[j;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk;. grp. fhkk;. Fnuhjk;. nyhgk;. nkhfk;. khr; rhpak;. cwf; fk;. kuzk; Kjyhditfbsy;yhk; gpz;l jj;Jtj;jpy; ml';Fk;/ jj;Jt'; fs; midj;j pida[ k; fle;J . jj;Jt';fl;F mg;ghw;gl;l mjPj epiyapy;. rpj;jpfs; tps';fg; gpd;d h; rpt epiy njhd;w. mt;tDgtj;j py; ahd; vd;gJk; vdbjd;gJk; fiue;J ngha;tplf; fz;l mDgtpfs; bgw;w nj cz;ik mDgtk;/ kdpj njfk; vLj;j xt;bthUtUk; mila ntz;oa cz;ikg; bghUs; ,Jnt/ jj;Jt'; fs; midj;j pDf;Fk; mg;ghw;gl;l epiyapy; milaf; Toa bgUk; bghUisj; juty;y Mfhak; vdf; Twg;gLk; jpU/ mk;gyj; nj tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp

rr;rpjhde;jj; jdpg;gubtspbaDk; mr;rpay; mk;g yj;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(50)

ntjhe;j k;. rpj;j he;j k;. ehjhe;jk; KjypaitfSk; jj;Jt'; fs;j hd;/ mz;l jj;Jtk;. gpz;l jj;Jtk; midj; jpida[k; flf;fpd;w jj; JthjPj epiy Kd;thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ me; jj; jj; JthjP j epiyapy; fpilf;Fk; bghUs; vJthf ,Uf;Fk; > mJjhd; rr;rpjhde; jk; rj;J vd;gJ ,aw;i f cz; ik rpj;J vd;gJ ,aw; if tpsf;fk; Mde;jk; vd;gJ ,aw;if ,d;gk; vy;yhj; jj;Jt';fisa[k; njhd;W k; Rfnk rr;rpjhde; jkhFk;/ fle; J tpl;l epiyapy;

27

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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njh;r; rf;f uk; bghUe;jpapUf; f mr; rhzp ,Ug;gJnghy; ,e;j clk;g[ mHpahky; tps';f ek; clk;gpy; mr; rhzpahf cs;sJ rpw; rigna MFk;/ rr;rpjhde; j Rfj;ijj; juty;y xg;gw; w nkyhd btsp vd;W brhy;yg;gLfpd;w mr;r hzpad;d tps';Fk; rpw; wk;gyj;J mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

rhfhf; fiy epiy jiHj;jpL btspbaDk; (52) Mfhaj; bjhsph; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
rhfhf; fiy vd;gJ rhfhj; jiy. ntfhf;fhy;. nghfhg;g[dy; vd; w K:d;W gFjpfisf; bfhz;lJ/ ,e; j K:d;wpd; Kjy; vGj; Jf;f is xd;W nrh;j;j hy; rhnt ngh vd;W tUk;/ kuzj;i jj; jtph;f;Fk; rhfhf; fy;tp brHpf;Fk; ,lk; gpz;lj; jpy; Mfhakhfpa g[Ut kj;j pna MFk;/ fUntuw;wplnt fisfpd; w vd; fz;Qqjny vd;W ghLthh;fs;/ gpwtpia ntuWf;f ty; yJ Ejw; fz;z hfpa g[Ut kj; jpna ahFk;/ fuz xGf;f j;jpy; kdij ve;jtpj Mghrj;j pYk; brYj;jbthl;lhky; ,Gj;J epWj;Jjy; vd;W Twpath; mLj;J Kjypy; g[Ut kj;j papy; epWj; Jjy; vd;fpwhh;/ fl;L f; fl';fh kdg; ghpiaf; fl;l ntz;oa ,lk; g[Ut kj;jpna MFk;/ kdk; g[j;jp rpj;jk; mf';f huk; Mfpa me;jf; fuz'; fs;j hd; ek;i k mUs; tHpapy; bry;y bthl;lhJ jLj;J cyfpaypy; mGj;J fpd;wd vd vy;nyhUk; vz;Qqfpd;nwhk; Mdhy; mnj fuz';fl;F kuzj; ijna jLf;ff; Toa nguhw;wy; cz;L vd;f pwhh;/ kuzg; bgUk; gpzp thuhtif kpF fuzg; bgUe;jpwy; fhl; oa kUe;nj (mfty;)

rhfhj fy;tpiaj; juf;Toa mDgtk; brHpj;J tps';Fk; btspahfpa rpw;rig vDk; g[Utkj;jpahfpa Mfhaj;n j gpufhrpf;fpd;w mUl;bgU"; n $hjpna/

28

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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fhuz fhhpak; fhl;oL btspbaDk; Muzr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(54)

fhuzk; vd;gJ N: l;Rkk;/ mjd; bray;ghnl fhhpak; MFk;/ cz;gJ bray; mjw;F f; fhuzk; grp/ xUtUld; rz;il nghLfpnwhk;/ mJ bray;/ mjw;Ff; fhuzk; mth; kPJs;s nfhgk;/ fhuzk; btspg; gilahfj; bjhpahky; ,Uf;f yhk;/ fhhpak; btspna g[yg;gLtJ/ ey;y cjhuzk; ts;syhh; TWfpd; whh;. mjhtJ ,e; j clk;g[ fhhpag;gLfpwJ/ mjw;Ff; fhuzkha; ,Ug;gJ ,e; j clk;gpYs; s capnu MFk;/ mJnghy; mz;l ruhru'; fspd; bray;ghL fhhpak;/ mjw;Ff; fhuzk; ,iwtd;/ ,iwtd; . caph; Mfpa ,uz;L fhuz'; fisa[ k; fhhpaj;jhy; kl;L nk mwpa Koa[k ; vd;fpd;whh;/ Mjhuk;

gukjndhLyFaph;fs; fw;gidna bay;y hk;
gfh; rptnk badt[zh;e;njhkhjypdhy; ehnk gpukbkdg; gpwh; f;Fiuj;Jg; bgh'; fp tHpe;jh'; nf ngRfpd; w bghpath;jk; bghpa kjk; gponay; cukpF ngUy Faph;fs; gukpit fhhpaj; jhy; cs;sdnt fhuzj;j hy; cs;s d tpy;ydnt jukpF nguUbshspahw; rptkank bay;y he; jhbkdnt a[zh;tJ rd;khh;f; f bewp gpona (jpUtUl;g h 5699) g[uhzf; fijfs; btspg;gilahfj; bjhpfpd; wd/ ve;j ePjpia my;y J cz; ikiar; brhy;tjw;fhf me; jf; fijfs; g[ide;J vGjg;g l;ldnth me; j cz;ikfs; g[uhz'; fs; gof;f pd;w mj;Jiz ngh;fSf;Fk; g[hpe;J tpLtjpy;i y/ xU rpynu mtw; wpd; cz;ikfisg; g[h pe;J bfhs;f pd;w dh;/ ntj'; fs; Mfk';fs; g[uhz';f s; ,jpfhr';fs; Kjypad ve;j cz; ikia btspg;gLj;j vGjg;gl;l dnth me; j cz;ikfns fhuzkhFk;/ vGjg;gl;l bray; fhhpak;/

29

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Mrhhpad; mDf;fpufj; jhy; ahh; jd; Dila bew;wpf; fz;izj; jpwf;fg; bgw;Wf; bfhs;fpd;whh; fnsh mth;fSf;F vy;yhk; gl; lg; gfy; nghy tps';F k; vd;fpd; whh;/ Mrhhpad; mDf;f pufk; bgwhkYk;. j';fsJ bew;w pf; fz;i zj; jpwf;fg; bgw;W f; bfhs; shkYk; gy nfhof;f zf;f hd kf;f s; thH;e;J bfhz;oUf;fpwhh;f s;/ mth; f s; ahtUk; ntj'; fs; Kjypatw; wpd; cz;i kfis mwpahkYk; mtw;wpd; gaid milahkYk; khz;L ngha;f ; bfhz;o Uf;fpd; wdh;/ gpz;lj; jpy; Mfhak; g[Utkj;jp ? mJnt bew;w pf; fz; ? mJnt rpw; rig ? vdnt fhuzk; ,J fhhpak; ,J vdr; Rl;of; fhl;Lfpd;w Mfhr btspahfpa g[Utkj;j pahfpa rpw;rigiaj;j hd; ntj'; fs; tpsf;F fpd;wdthk;/ ntj';fshy; nghw;wg;gLk; rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjpahdJ fhuzkpJ fhhpakpJ vd tpsf;Ffpd;w J/ fhuz Mjhuk; fhhpa'; fisj; bjhptpg;gd ntj';fs; MFk; :

Muzk; vd;gJ ntjk;

fhuzf; fhhpaf; fy;tpiaf; fw;gpj; J
Muz tPj papy; Mlr; bra;jPn u (jpUtUl;g h 4645) gjpepiyia tpsf;Fk; Muzkhfpa ntjk; ,e; j thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/

Vfk; mndfk; vdg;g fh; btspbaDk; Mfkr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(56)

,e;j mz;l ';fSk; gpz; l';fSk; midj;Jk; bray;g lf; fhuzkha[s;s J guk; bghUs;/ Kjw; fhuzkhd guk;bghUs; Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ/ cyfj;j pd; fz; thH;f pd;w $Pt uhrpfspy; gpz;l ';fs; bray;glf; fhuzkha[s; sJ caph;/ mjhtJ gR/ mij ,e;jthpapy; TWfpd; whh;/ 30

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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kdpj cliy Myakhf; fp $Pt dpd; ,Ug;gplj; ijf; fUt{ykhf;fp mDgt';fisr; rl';F fshf;f p Mfk';fis cUthf; fpdh; Kd; ndhh;/ ntjk; gjp E}y; ? Mfkk; gR E}y;/ ,iwtd; xUtd; mJ Vfk;/ xUtndahfpa ,iwtid mndf tot';fspYk; mndfg; bgah;f spYk; "hdpfs; fhl;oa[ s;sdh;/ mJ mndfk;/ rpw;rigapy; gpufhrpj;Jf; bfhz;o Uf; fpd;w xspiaj; jhd; Kd;dhy; njhd;w pa "hdpfs; gyg;gy bja;t ';fshff; fhl;odh;/

irtk; Kjyhf ehl;Lk; gy
rka';fbsy;y hk; jdpj;jdpf; fhl;Lk; bja;t kpJ te; J ghhPh; jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUeln$hjp/ (jpUtUl;g h 4605) irtk; Kjyhf cs;s mj;jid rka';fSk; fhl;oa[ s;s vy;yhj; bja;t';fSk; jpUr; rpw; wk;gy n$hjp xd;nw ahFk;/ ,e;j cz;i kia czh;e;jtUk; TwpatUk; ts;syhh; xUtnu/ ts;syhUk; Muk;gj; jpy; vy;yhj; bja;t';f isa[k ; tHpgl;l jhfr; rpyh; brhy;fpd;whh;fs;/ vy;yhj; bja;t ';fSk; jpUr;rpw;wk;gy n$hjpapd; tpsf;fnk vd;w cz;i k ts;syhUf;F Muk;gj; jpnyna bjhpa[khjyhy; vy;yhj; bja;t'; fisa[ k; n$hjpapd; rhayhfnt mth; ghLfpd;w hh;/

khiaahw; fy';f p tUe;jpa nghJk; ts;sy;
cd;jd; idna kjpj;Jd; rhiaahg; gpwiug; ghh;j ;jnjay;yhy; jiyt ntbwz;z paJz; nlh J}a bghw;ghjkwpa ehdwpnad; Jahpdpr; rpwpJkp'; fhw; nwd; ehafh vdJ kaf;bfyhk; jtph;j;n j ed;wUs; g[h ptJd; flnd/ (jpUtUl;gh 3635) 31

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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kfhnjt khiyapy; bka;a[ zh;e ;j thjt{h; kiyiar; Rj;j btspahf;fpf; fye;J bfhz;l btspna vd;W ts;syhh; ghLfpd;w hh;/ ,iwtid btspahff; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whh;/ me;j btspahfpa ,iwtid Vfd; vd;Wk; mndfd; vd;Wk; Md;nwhh; tpsf;fpdh;/ Mfk';fs; me; j epiyia tpsf;f nt njhw;W tpf;fg;gl; ld/ Vfk; mndfk; vdg; gfh; btsp vd;fpd;w Mfk'; fs; tpsf;F k; rpw;r ig mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

ntjhfk';fspd; tpist[fl;bfy;yhk; Mjhukhk; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(58)

ntj';fSk; Mfk';fSk; jUk; tpsf;f nk Kd; thpfspy; Twg;gl;lJ/ gjp E}yhfpa ntjKk;. gR E}yhfpa Mfk';fSk; vij tpsf;Ftjw;f hfj; njhw;wg;g l;ldnth mitfl;bfy;yhk; K:yfhuzkha[ s;sJ ekJ g[Ut kj;j pahfpa rpw;rigna MFk;/ rpw;rigia Mjhukhf itj; nj ntj';fSk; Mfk'; fSk; cUthf; fg;gl;Ls; sd/ Mjhuk; :

bfhoapilg; bgz;ngjha; eP mk;g yj;nj eof;Fk;
Tj;jho vd; bwdJ bfhGeh; jikf; Fwpj;jha; goaplj;n j thdplj; nj ghjyj;n j mz; l gfpuz;l nfhoapny gjp tpsf;f bky; yhk; mokyh; bfhz;i lah; bra;a[ e; jpUf; Tj; jpd; tpsf;f k; MFkpJ rj;jpabkd;W mUkiw Mfk';fs; bfoa[wnt giwaoj;Jj; jphpfpd;w mtw;iwf; nfl;lwpe;J bfhs;tha; epd; thl;l bkyhe; jtph;j; nj (jpUtUl;g h 5760) ntj';fl;Fk; Mfk'; fl;Fk; tpsf;f';fl;F k; Mjhukhf tps'; Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp mit rpw; rig TWk; thH;

32

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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vd;whjpa Rlh;f;fpadpiyahaJ md;whk; jpUr;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vy; vd;gJ xsp ? Mjpa Kjyhfpa Rlh; : Nhpad; re;jpud; el;r j;jpuk;

(60)

Kr;Rlh;fshf tps';Fk; Nhpad; re;jpud; el; rj;j pu'; fs; Mfpa midj; jpDf;F k; Mjpahfp tps';fp mitfl;Fk; xsp mspj; J mtw;w pd; xsp epiyia vd;Wk; cs;sjhf epiyahdjhf tps';fr; bra;Jbfhz;Lk; mg;go xd;W ,y;yhjjhfj; njhd;W khWk; ,Uf;fpd;w rpw;r igf; flt[n s/ ,e;j mz;lj;jpy; Kjypy; njhd;wpaJ Nhpadhfpa xsp mjdplkpUe;Jjhd; kw;w vy;yhk; cz; lhapd/ vdnt Nhpa xspna Mjp vdyhk;/ Mdhy; Mjpahd me;j xsp vd;W njhd;w panjh mjw;F ,ay;g hf vJ ,lkspj; jnjh mJ jhd; btsp/ me; j btspf;F Mjp vd;w xd;nw ,y;iy/ me;j btspiaj; jpUr;rigahff; bfhz;Ls;s mUl;bgU"; n$hjpna/

rka';fle;j jdpg; bghUs; btspaha; mika[k; jpUr;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(62)

Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;l jpUr;rigia ,lkhff; bfhz;Ls;s ghpg{uzg; bghUis tpsf;fnt rka'; fs; njhw;wg;gl;ld/ Mdhy; ve;j r; rkaj;jhYk; KGikia cs;sthW czh; j;j Koatpy;iy/ rka';fisj; njhw;wpa "hdpfs; mDgtj; ijg; gpwh;f;F tpsf; fr; rpycUt'; fisf; fw;gpj; jhh; fs;/ gpd;dh; te;jth; f nsh fw;gidfis cz;ikbad;W jhk; ek;gpaJld; kw;wth;fSk; ek;g [khW bra;J tpl;lhh;fs;/ Kothf cz;ik vd;g J monahnl kiwe; J nghdJ kl;L kpd; wpf; fw;gidahff; fhl;lg;gl;l rka';fSk; mtw;wpy; Twg;g l;Ls; s bja;t cUt';fSnk epiyahdjhf kf;fs; kj; jpapy; epd;W tpl;ld/ ght';fis kd;d pf;FkhW ntz;LtJk;. ed;ikfisj; jUkhW gpuhh;j; jpg;gJk; Mfpa g[wtHpghl; nlhL rka';fs; epd;W tpl;ld. rhpia. fphpia nahfk; "hdk; Mfpa ehd;fpy; Koe; j Koghfpa "hdtHp

33

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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epw;Fk; "hdpfs; kl;Lnk ,iwtidj; jd;D s;ns fhz Kaw;rp bra;fpwhh; fs;/ ,th;f s; kl;L nk btsp mDgtj; ijg; bgwf; Toath;f s;/ rka';fs; jUfpd;w vy;yh tpsf;f ';fl;Fk; mg;ghy; xg;gw;w bghUsha; tps';Ffpd;w btspaha; mike;Js; s jpUr; rigia ,lkhff; bfhz;L s;s mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

Kr;Rlh;fSk; xsp Ka';F w mspj;jUs; mr; Rluh"; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(64)

mz;lj;jpny Mz; ltd; fhhpag;gLk; ,lk; vd 1/ mf;f pdp 2/ Nhpad; 3/ re; jpud; 4/ el;r j;jpuk; Mfpa ehd;fpida[k ; ek; bgUkhdhh; Fwpf;fpd;whh; fs;/ ,e; ehd; fpy; Nhpad;. re;jpud;. el; rj;j pu'; fs; Mfpa K:d;W Rlh;fSk; ek; Cdf; fz;fSf;n f njhw;wkha; cs;s d/ me;j K:d ;wpDf;Fk; xsp mspf;fpd;w Rlh; vJnth mr;Rluha; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Mjhuk; :

re; jpu Nhpah; xsp bgw tps';F k;
jdp mUl; bgU btspj; jyj;bjG"; Rlnu te;jpu tpil badf; fUsKjspj;nj thH;f btd;w Uspa thH; Kjw; bghUns ke;jpunkbaid tsh;f;f pd;w kUe;nj khepyj;jpil baid tUtpj;j gjpna je;jpuk; ahita[ Kila bka;g; bghUns jdp eluh$ vd; rw;FU kzpna/ (jpUtUl;g h 3701) ntW bghUs; "hd bewp epd;W jtk; bra; n thh; jd;Ds;ns ,iwtid xspa[ Utpy; fhz;gh;/ me;j xsp mDgtk; vt;thW ,Uf;Fk; vd ek; bgUkhdhh; tpsf;Ffpd;whh;/ guehj epiy mDgtk; mila[';f hy; ngbuhsp

34

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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bts;bshspahfj; njhd;Wkhk;/ mt;bthsp eLnt bghd;bdhsp fhzf; fpilf;F khk;/ Kotpy; mg; bghd;bdhsp eLnt brt;bthsp njhd;W khk;/ mr;b rt;bthspna ,iwtdhk;/ mDgtj;jpny Mjhuk; K:d;W tpjkhd xsp njhd;Wtjw;F

<w; wwpnad; ,Ue;j pUe; jp'; fjp rapg;gbjd;dP
vd;fpd;wha; eP baid tpl;n lFbjhW ehd;whd; fhw;wwpahj; jPgk; nghypUe; jpL kj;jUzk; fz;l ghpbrd; g[fy;ntd; mz;l gfpuz; le; njhw;w wpahg; bgU"; n$hjp kiy guehjj;nj njhd;w pajh';fjdLnt njhd;w pa bjhd; wJjhd; khw;wwpahg; bghd;b dhspnah mt;bthspf; Fs;shLk; ts;syUbshspnah tP jjprapf;Fk; tifna
(jpUtUl; gh 5767)

kw;WbkhU Mjhuk; : cs;bshsp X';fpl capbuhsp tps';fpl bts;bshsp fhl;oa bka;a Ul;f dny/ ,e;j K:d;W xsp mDgt';fisa[k; mspj;J mt; bthsp epiybgw;W tps';F khWk; bra;j Us;tPuhf vd mr; Rlh;fl;bfy;yhk; Rluha; tps';Fk; rpw;r ig mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltiu ntz;L fpd; whh;/

JhpaK'; fle;j Rf g{uzk; jUk; rpw; mhpa rp w;wk;g yj;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(66)

Kd; thpapy; K: d;W xsp mDgt'; fs; njhd;WtJ Twg;gl;lJ/ me;j mDgtk; ve;j epiyapy; ifTLk; vd ,t;thpapy; Twg;gLfpd; wJ/ $hf;uj;. brhg;dk;. RGj;j p vd;w K:d;W mtj;ijfisa[ k; fle;j gpd; Vw;g Lk; mDgtnk Jhpak; vdg;gLk;/ me;jj; Jhpa mDgtKk; fle;j epiy Jhpah jPjk; MFk;/ me;jj; JhpahjP j epiyapy; njhd;Wk; Rfnk

35

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Fiwtw;w epiwe;j g{uz RfkhFk;/ mg;gog;gl;l Rfj;ijj; jUtJ rpw;wk;gyk; vdg;gLk; ekJ g[Ut kj;j pna/ me;j mDgtk; vspjpy; fpilg;g jy;y. vd;g ij czh; j;jnt mhpa rpw;wk;gyk; vdg;gl; lJ/ JhpahjP j epiyapy; xsp njhd;Wk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :

Jhpa kiy nkYsnjhh; n$hjp ts ehL
njhd;W kjpy; Iah; elk; bra;a [k; kzp tPL bjhpa[k J fz;lth; fs; fhzpy; capnuhL brj;jhh; vGthh; vd;W ifj; jhsk; nghL (ifawtpyhJ vDk; fP h;j; jid) (jpUtUl;g h 5263) mUikahfpa rpw;wk;gyj;J mUl;b gU";n$hjpahdJ JhpahjP j epiyapy; Fiwtw;w Rfk; jUk; vd;gjhk;/

vt;tifr; Rf';fSk; ,dpJw mspj;jUs; mt;tifr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(68)

Kd; thpapy; Rf g{uzk; vdg;gl;lJ/ g{uzk; vd;gJ cyfpayhapDk; mUspayhapDk; tsh;fpd;w xt; bthU epiyapYk; kdjpy; epiwt[ njhd;w p ,d;gj;ij Vw;gLj;J fpd; wJ/ cyfpaypy; kd epiwt[ milahjth; fs; mUspaypYk; epiwt[ bgw KoahJ/ ek; bgUkhdhh; nghd;w gpwtp "hdpfSf;F ,J bghUe; jhJ/ rKrhhpfl;F cyfpaYk; ntz;Lk; mUspaYk; ntz;Lk;/ mjdhy;j hd; ts;syhUk; nrhW ntz; oDk;. Rfkyhw; Rfkhk; ntW ntz;oDk; epid mile; jd;w p nkbthzhJ vDk; nkyth; ciuf;n fhh; khW ntz;onyd; vd;W ekf; fhfg; ghoa[s ;shh;/ cyfpay; Rfj;i j kl;Lk; ehLnthh; mUspay; Rfj; ij ,Hf;fpd;whh;fs;/ Mdhy; mUspay; Rfj;ij ehLnthh; mUspay; Rfk; kl;Lkpd;wp cyfpay; Rfj; ija[k; ed;w hfnt mDgtpf;f pd;w dh; vd;gJ gyh; mDgt';fisg; ghh;j; J mwpe; j cz; ik/ ,J gw;wpna cyfpay; Rfnkh mUspay; Rfnkh vt;tifr; RfkhapDk; ,d;gk; miljw; bghUl;nl 36

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mspj; jUs;fpd; w jd;ika[ ila mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

rpw;rigapy;

tps';Fk;

,aw;if cz;ikajha; ,aw;if ,d;g Kkhk; (70) m ah;g ;gpyhr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,e;j cyfj;jpny kl;Lky; yhJ ve; j cyfkhapDk; ,Jtiu flt[isg; gw;w pf; Twg;gl;l tpsf;f';fSk;. tot';fSk;. tz; z';fSk;. bgah; fSk;. jd;ikfSk; kdpjh; fshfpa "hdpfshy; fw;gidahf vGjg;gl; litna MFk;/ mjdhy; me;j tpsf;f';fis ,aw;if vdf;bfhs;s KoahJ/ mit midj;J k; braw;i fna/ ,iwtDila ,aw;ifahd toit. cz;ikia ,Jtiu ahUk; fz;lhUkpy;iy. tpz;l hUkpy;iy/ ,e;j tpsf; f';f is bay;yhk; tha;g;ge;jy; vd;W ek; bgUkhdhh; TWfpd;whh;/ (Mjhuk;)

Va;g;ge;jp tz;zbud;Wk; gof tz;zbud;Wk;
,izapy; xsp cUtbud;Wk; ,ay; mUtbud;Wk; tha;g; ge;j y; ,Ltjd;w p cz;ik brhyty;yhh; tpz;zplj;Jk; kz;zplj;Jk; kw;wplj;Jk; ,iyna (jpUtUl;g h 5634) ehk; mDgtpf;F k; Rf'; fs; ,aw;ifahdjy; y/ ,aw;if vd;w hy; vd;Wk; khWglhjJ vdg; bghUs;/ cyfpay; Rf';fSk; ,d;g';fSk; cz;ikahdjy;y/ vg;gobadpy; czt[. cil. bghUs;. tPL. kid. kf;fs;. g[fH; Kjypa vt;tifr; Rf'; fSk; epiyahdjhf ,Ug;gjpy; iy/ rpy fhyj; jpw;F s; mtw;wpd; kPJ ekf;n f rypg;g[ Vw;gl;L tpLfpwJ/ ,e; j khw;wj;jpdhy; ehk; mDgtpf;f pd;w Rf';fs; ,aw;ifahdJky; y ? cz;ikahdJky;y ? epiyahdJky;y vdj; bjhpfpd;w J/ tplh Kaw;rpahy; rhjid gapd;w fhyj;J r; rpw;rigahfpa g[Ut kj;j papy; jk; ,aw;if cz;i k totpidf; fhl;o jsh;tilahkYk;. nrhh;e; J nghfhkYk;

37

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,aw;if cz;ik ,d;gj;ij vf;fhyj;Jk; K:g;gpd;w pf; fhf;F k; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

mspj;J

puhjP rhf;fpuhjPjj; jdp btspaha; epiwt[ Mf;fpa rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(72)

ml;lh';f nahfk; Kjypa rhjidapd; Kothf Vw;gLk; rkhjp epiyapy; xU kdpjd; jdJ Ra epidit monahL ,He;J jd;idna kwe;J tpLfpwhd;/ kPz;Lk; Ra epidtpw;F mtd; tUk; tiu mtd; rkhjp epiyapy; ,Ug;gjhf vz; Qqfpnwhk;/ ek; bgUkhdhnuh rkhjpg; gHf;f k; gHf;fky;y vd;f pwhh;/ nahfk;. rkhjp epiyapy; bfhz;L tpLtjhy;j hd; nahfk; bra; jy; ntz;Ltjpy; iy/ mjpy; mGe;j p tpl;l hy; kPSjy; mUik/ K:lk; cz;lhFk; vd;W ek; bgUkhdhh; vr;rhpf;i f bra;fpd; whh; / btz;zpyhf; fPh; j;jidapy; jd;id awpe; J ,d;gKw btz;zpyhnt xU je;jpuk; eP brhy;y ntz;Lk; btz; zpyhnt vd;W ghLfpd;whh;/ ,ij thpf;F ciu fhz;nghk;/ kdjpy; bfhz;L ,e;j mfty;

rhf;fpuk; vd;gJ tpHpg;g [ epiy/ tpHpg;g [ epiyapy; kdk; bray;gLtJ rhjhuz epiy/ tpHpg;g[ epiyapd; mjPj j;jpy; kdk; ml';Fkhdhy; me;j epiyf;F <L ,iz brhy;y KoahJ/ kdk; bray;glhJ. ml'; f pa epiyiana btsp vdg;gl;lJ/ kdk; ml';fpa epiy kpfr; rpwe;j J vdnt jdp btsp vd;W Twg;gl;lJ/ tpHpg;g[ epiyapd; mjPj j;jpy; rpw;r igahfpa g[Ut kj;jpapy; kdk; ml';Fk; xg;gw; w mDgtk; Vw;gLk; nghJ vy;yh epiwt[fisa[k; cz; lhf;fpj; jUfpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

38

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Mjhuk; : vy;yh epiwt[f isa[k ; ek; bgUkhdhh; vdf;fpJ nghJk; vd; w kd epiwitg; gj;J btspg;gLj;J fpd; whh;/ mjpy; xU ghly;

bgw;w jhy; ghly; fspy;

fl; lKk; fHd;nwd; ftiy tpl;blhHpe; n jd;
fyf;fKk; jPh;e ;jdd; gpwtpr; rl;lKk; fpHpj; njd; J}f;fKk; Jwe;njd; rhita[k; nehita[k; jtph;e;n jd; rpl;lKk; mile;njd; rpw;riga[ ilahd; bry;t bka;g; gps;is vd; bwhU ngh;g; gl;lKk; jhpj;njd; vdf;fpJ nghJk; gz;zpa jtk; gypj;jJnt (jpUtUl; gh 4736) g{uz epiwt[ bgw;wjdhy; ,y;y hik vdf;fpy;iy vd;f pwhh;/

vy; yhKk; braty;y jdpj;jiyth; bghJtpy;
,Ue;J elk;g [hpfpd;w mUk;bgU";nrhjpapdhh; ey;yha; ed; dhl; lhh; fs; vy;y hUk; mwpa ez;zp vid kzk; g[hpe;jhh; g[z ;zpadhujdhy; ,y;yhik vdf;fpy;iy vy; yhh; f;Fk; jUntd; vd;Dila bgU"; bry;t k; vd; g[f y; ntdk;kh bry;yhj mz;lkl;nlh mg;g [wj; jg;ghYk; rpt"hdg; bgU"; bry;t k; rpwg;gJ fz;l wpna (jpUtUl;g h 5740)

Rl;L jw;fhpjhk; RfhjPj btspbaDk; ml;l nkw; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(74)

Kd; thpapy; epiwthd Rfk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplg;gl;lJ/ rh;f;f iu ,dpf;Fk; vd;W jhd; Tw Koa[n k jtpu. me;j ,dpg;g[ vg;go ,Uf;Fk; vd;W nfl; lhy;. mg;gof; nfl;gth; thapy; rh; f;fiuiag; nghl;L mth; Ritf;Fk;gor; bra;jhy;jhd; me;j ,dpg;ig mtuhy; czu Koa[k;/ ehk; mwpe;j Rfk; vJnth mjw;bfy;yhk; mg;ghw;gl;ljha;. vj;jifa Rfj;j pw;Fk; mjPjkhdjha; cs;s Rfj;ij mspf;F k; btspahfpa $Pt fhrkhfpa rpw;r ignah 39

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,Jbtdr; Rl;o f; fhl;l vtuhYk; ,ayhjjha; cs;s J/ ml;lk; vd;gJ ? vl;L MFk;/ vl;L vd;gJ jkpHpy; @ m @ vd;w vGj;jhFk;/ mjhtJ ,ij mfhuk; vd;ghh;fs;/ mfhuk; vd;g njh caph; MFk;/ capuhfpa $Ptfhrnk rpw;rig/ mfhunk caph; vd;g jw;F Mjhuk; :

mfhuk; capnu cfhuk; gunk
kfhuk; kykha; tUKg;gjj; jpy; rpfhuk; rptkha; tfhuk; totkha; mfhuk; capbud;W miwaYkhnk (jpUke; jpuk;)

ve;jr; Rfj; jpw;F k; nkw;gl;l mjP jkhd Rfj;ij mspf;F k; $Ptfhrkhfpa rpw;rignah ,Jbtdr; Rl;of; fhl;l ,ayhj xd; whFk;/ mj;jifa rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

epiyaha; ete;jtph; epiyfSk; ez;Q qnkhh; epiyaha (76) mte;jtph; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp
g[jpa xU bghUs; fpilj;jhnyh my; yJ th';fpdhnyh rpy ehl;fSf;f htJ mg;bghUspd; kPJ jdpg;gl;l Xh; Mir vGtJ ,ay;g[/ Mdhy; mijj; Jspa[k; yl; rpak; bra;ahJ epuhira[ld; thGk; JwtpfSk; cs; sdh;/ etk; vd;gJ g[jpaJ/ (eta[fk; vd;gJ g[jpa a[fk;) me; j epuhir kd';bfhz;l epiyia mile; njhh;T l tpUk;gf; Toa xU epiyaha; nfty';fisa[ k; jhH;t[f isa[k; ,Hpt[f isa[k; jtph;f; fpd; w rpw;wk;gyj;J mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : rhpia. fphpia. nahfk;. "hdk; vd; w ehd;fpy; rhpiaapy;. rhpia fphpia nahfk; "hdk; vd tphpa[k;/ mt;thnw fphpia. nahfk;. "hdk; Mfpa K:d;W k; tphpa[k ;/ Mf bkhj;jk; gjpdhW epiyfspy; gjpide;jhk; goahfpa "hdnahf epiyapy; epw;nghh; epuhir bfhz;l kd'; bfhz;o Ug;gh;/

40

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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cga gf;f';fSk; xd;bwdf; fhl;oa mga rpw;rigapy; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(78)

Kd; thpapy; epuhir vd;gJ Twg;g l;lJ/ epuhir bfhz;n lhh; kdk; vg;go ,Uf;Fk; vd;gJ ,e; j thpapy; Twg;gLfpwJ/ ,d;gk; Jd;gk;. V'; fy; rypj;j y;. cz;L ,y;iy. tpUg;g[ btWg;g[. ey;yJ bfl; lJ. g[z; zpak; ghtk;. Vw;wk; ,wf;fk;. bry;t k; tWik vd; gd xt;bthUtUila thH;tpYk; Vw;gLk; ,uz;L gf;f ';fshFk;/ me;j ,uz;ila[k; rkkhf ahh; Vw;Wf; bfhs; fpd;whh;fnsh mth; fns "hdpfshth;/ elg;gbjy;yhk; ,iwtd; brayd;wp ek; bray; ahbjhd;W k; ,y;i y vd;Dk; rPhpa bfhs;ifa[ilnahUk; mth;fns Mth;/ mg;gog;gl;l "hdpfl;n f gakw;w mga thH;t [ jUfp; d;w rpw;r ig mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ epuhir bfhz;l kdKilath;fshy; kl;Lnk ,d;g Jd;gk; midj;ija[ k; rkkhf Vw; Wf; bfhs;s ,aYk;/ ,e;jphpa';fSk; fuz';fSk; khiaapd; bjhlh;g[ ,y;yhky; ,Uf;Fk;/ vdnt khiaapd; tpisthfpa fh;kk; mjhtJ bray;ghL ,Uf; fhJ/ nkYk; ahh; ,d;g Jd;gk; nghd; w midj; jpida[k ; rkkhf Vw;W f; bfhs; fpd; whh; fnsh mth;fl;F vijg; gw; wpa[k ; gak; ,Uf; fhJ/ mjdhy;jhd; mga rpw;rig vd;W Twg;gl;lJ/

epiyf; nrfukhk; gy rpj;jp epiyf;bfyhk; Mfukhk; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(80)

,e;jphpa';fSk;. fuz';fSk; nrl;i law;W ,Uf;f ntz;oa epiy Kd; thpapy; Twg;g l;lJ/ mt;tDgtj;jpy; iftrk; Mfpd;w rpj;j pfisg;gw;wp ,t;thpapy; Twg;gL fpd;wJ/ brhw;r pj;j p bjhl';f pf; fUkrpj;j p. nahfrpj;jp. "hdrpj;jp ,tw;W ld; ml;lkh rpj;jpfs; nghd;w midj; Jr; rpj;jpfSld; Koe;j Koghd Kj;n jf rpj;j p

41

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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epiyfisbay; yhk; xd;W nruf; bfhz; oUf;f pd;w bgl;lfkha; tps';Fk; rpw;rigapd; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu/ Mjhuk; : fuz';f s; nrl;ilaw;W ,Ue;jhy; rpj;jpfs; vy;yhk; iftrk; MFk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

fhl;ilbayh'; fle;J tpl;nld; ehl;i laile;J dJ
foefh;g ; bghd;kjpw; fhl;r p fz; Fspuf; fz;nld; nfhl;i lbayh'; bfho ehl; of; nfhykplg; ghh;j ;njd; nfhapypd; nky; thapypny Fiwfbsyhe; jtph;j;n jd; nrl;ilaw;W f; fUtpbayhk; vd; trk; epd;wplnt rpj;jpbayhk; bgw;nwdhd; jpUr;rpw;wk;gynky; ghl;ilbayhk; ghLfpd;nwd; ,J jUzk; gjpna gye;jUbkd; cse; jdpny fye;J epiwe;jUns (3820)

kdhjpfl; fhpa kjhjPj btspahk; mdhjp rpw;rigapy; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(82)

kdk; g[j ;jp rpj;j k; mf'; fhuk; Mfpa fUtpfSf;F vl;lhjjha[k ; mhpajha[k ; mnjnghy ntjhe;jk;. rpj;j he;j k;. ehjhe; jk;. nahfhe;jk;. nghjhe;jk;. fyhe;jk; Mfpa kj';fl;Fk; mg;ghw;g l;ljha;. vl; lhj bghUshfpa btspna rpw;rig MFk;/ me;j btsp vd; W njhd; wpaJ vd;W brhy;y Koahj mdhjp MdJ/ me;j rpw;r igapy; mdhjpaha; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ kdk; Mjhuk; : Kjypa fUtpfshy; mwpa KoahjJ vd;gjw;F

fhw;WUnth fdYUnth flt[SUbtd;g hh;
fhw;W Ut[ k; fdYUt[ k; fz;Liug;gP h; vd;why; ntw;W Unt g[ fy;th; mij ntbwhd; why; kWj;jhy; tpHpj;J tpHpj;J vk;nghy;thh; kpft[k; kUs;fpd;whh; njhw;W ke;j jj;JtKk; njhw; whj jj;J tKk; Jhprhf mit fle;j Rf brhU:g khfp khw;w kd czh;t[ bry;yhj; jyj;jhLk; bgUkhd; tot[iuf; f ty; ytuhh; tGj;jhbad; njhHp (5638) 42

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Xjp epd;W czh;e;J czh;e;J czh;jw;fhpjhk; Mjp rpw;rigapy; mUl;bgU";n$hjp (84)
kdjhy; czu KoahjJ vd Kd;thpapy; Twg;gl;l J/ goj;Jk; czu Koahjtd; ,iwtd; vd ,e;j thpapy; Twg;gLfpwJ/ ntj';fs; Mfk';f s; g[u hz'; fs; Kjypa fiyfs; ,iwtidg; gw; wpa tpsf; f';f is vt;tst[ ju Koa[ nkh mt;tsita[ k; jUfpd; wd/ fy;t p mwptpdhy; ,e;j E}y;fisbay;yhk; goj;J ,iwtid czu Kw;gl;n lhkhdhy; vt;tst[jhd; goj;jhYk; vt;tst[ czh;e;j hYk; KGikahf ,iwtid czu KoahJ/ mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;lth; tps';Ffpd;w rpw;rignah Kd;djhfnt njhd;wpajhFk;/ Kd; djhfnt tps';Ftjhf ,Ue;J k; E}ywptpdhny czu Koahj rpw;rigapy; tps';Ffp;d;w mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

thuKk; mHpah tuKk; jUk; jpU MuKjhk; MuKjhk; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(86)

kdjhYk; czu KoahJ/ ve; j E}iyg; goj; Jk; mwpa KoahJ vd;w hy; mij mwpa vd;d Kaw;r p bra;a ntz;Lk; vd;gij ,e;j thpapy; czh; j;Jfpd;whh;/ thuk; vd;gJ md;g[/ xU $Ptd; kw; bwhU $Ptd; kPJ bfhs;Sk; ,uf;fj; ijg; ghpt[. fUiz. <uk;. jat[. ghrk; vd;bwy;yhk; Fwpg;gpLk; ek; bgUkhdhh; ,iwtd; kP J ehk; bfhs;s ntz;oa gf;j pia md;g[ vd; W TWfpd;whh;/ mth; vGjpa xt; bthU fojj;j pYk; @$P th;fsplj;Jj; jat[k; gpug";rj; jpy; btWg;g[k;. flt[ splj;J md;g[k; khwhky; ,Uf;f ntz;Lk; @ vd;w thrfj;ijf; fhzyhk; / me;jr; rpw;rigahdJ jd; kPJ md;g[ bfhs;SkhW mJnt bra;tJld; mjd; gpujpgydhf mHpah tuKk; 43

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mspf; fpd; wjhk;/ mKjj;ij cz;nghh; kuzkpy;y hky; thH;th; vd;fpwJ rpj;jh; fspd; "hdE}y;/ mg;gog;gl;l mKjkha; tps';Ffpd;w rpw; rig thH; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

vy; ,Hpahg; bgUeyk; vy;yhk; mspj;jUs; mHpahr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,wthj thH; it rpw; rig mspf;Fk; vd;whh;/ thH;t[ bgw;why; nghJkh> me;j thH;t[ vg;go ntz;Lk; vd;W ,e;j thpapy; tpsf;Ffpd;whh;/

(88) ,wthj mika

gpwh; J}w; whkYk;. tirghlhkYk; ehk; mila[k ; ed;ikfs; mika ntz;Lk;/ ghg fhhpa';fs; ,y;yhky; ey;y tHpapy; <l;Lk; bghUSk;. jhd jUk';fs; bra;J mjdhy; tUk; g[ z;zpa';fSk;. nehaw;w thH;t [ bfhz;l jplnjfKk;. ve;jf; Fw;w Kk; g[ hpahj fhuzj; jhy; cz; lhFk; gakw;w thH;t [k;. gf;j p bfhz;l ey; y cs;sKk; ,tw; why; bgwf;Toa g[f H; Kjypadnt ,Hpahg; bgUeyd; fshFk;/ ,Hpt[ mjhtJ nftykpy;yhj bghpa bghpa ed;i kfs; vt;tst[ cz; nlh mit midj;jpida[k; mspf;f ty;yjhfpa vd;W k; cs;s jha; mHpahJ tps';Fk; rpw; rig thH; mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

fw;g k; gy gy fHpapDk; mHpt[wh mw;g [jk; jUk; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(90)

Kd; thpfspy; mHpah tuKk;. ,Hpahg; bgUeyKk; mwptpf;fg;gl; ld/ me; j mHpah thH;tpd; vy;i y ,e;j thpapy; Twg;gLfpwJ/ fpnujha[fk;. jpnujha[fk;. Jthgua[f k;. fypa[fk; Mfpa ehd;F a[ f';f spd; bkhj;j fhy mst[ xU fw;gk; vdr; brhy;yg;gLfpwJ/ ,g;gog;gl;l fw; g fhy'; fs; gyg;gy mjhtJ vj;jid fle;jhYk; mHpnt ,y;yhJ thHf; Toa kpf kpf mw;g[jj;ij mspf;fpd;w rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

44

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Fwpg;g[ :

,Uk;g[ vd; why; <uKk; fhw;Wk; mjpy;gLk;nghJ mjpy; JhpR Vwp ehsiltpy; me; j ,Uk;g [ cjph;e ;J tpLk;/ mjd; bfl;o j; jd; ik J}shfptpLk;/ ,J ,Uk;gpd; ,ay; g[/ Mdhy; tlY}h; "hdrigiar; Rw;wp ek;bgUkhdhh; mikj; Js;s ,Uk;g[r; r'; fpypahdJ 1872k; Mz;L bjhl'; fp ,d;Wtiu bta;apypy; fha;e; Jk;. kiHapy; eide; Jk;. fhw; wpy; njha;e; Jk; JhpR VwhkYk;. mjd; jd;ik bflhkYk; ,Ug;gJ mw;g[j k; my;yth/ ,J ek; bgUkhdhh; ekf;Fj; jUk; mwpt[ iuahf tps';F fpd; wJ/ mjhtJ JUgpof; ff;T oa rhjhuz ,Uk;i ga[k; JU Vwhky; fhy'; fhykhfr; rpijt[glhJ fhg;ghw;w Koa[k; vd;why; gpwtpapnyna cah;e ;jjhfpa khdpl njfj;i jf; fhg;ghw; w Koahjh! Koa[k; vd;f pwJ tlY}h; rj;j pa "hdrigapd; ,Uk;g[r ; r';fpyp/

vidj;J k; Jd;g pyh ,ayspj;J vz;z pa midj;J k; jUk; rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(92)

fw;gfhyk; vj;jid fle; jhYk; thH; fpd;w thH;itg; bgw;why; kl;Lk; nghJkh> me;j thH;t[ Jd;gkw;wjhf my;yth ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;/ ,e;jf; fUj;i jj; jUfpd;wJ ,e;j thp/ ek;Kila m$hf;fpuijapdhy; tUk; Jd;g';fis ehnk jtph;j; Jf; bfhs;syhk;/ Mgj;j pdhy; Vw;gLk; Jd;g';f s;jhd; ek;khy; jtph;f ;f Koahjit vd;gJ kl;L ky;y. bgUe;Jd;gKk; mitna MFk;/ Mdhy; mg;gog;gl;l Mgj;jpdhy; tuf;Toa bgUe;J d;g'; fisa[k; ePf; fty;y J rpw;rigna MFk;/ (Mjhuk;) Mgj;i j eP f;fp tsh; j;nj rw;Wk; mirahky; mtpahky; monad; csj;nj jPgj;ij itj; jJ ghhPh; jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUel n$hjp (jpUtUl;gh 4590)

45

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Mgj;jpdhy; tUk; Jd;g';fns eP'; fptpLk; vd;w hy; kw;iwj; Jd;g';f s; Vw;glnt tHpapy;iy/ mLj;jJ vz;zpa midj;jpida[k ; bgWtJ. rpw;wk;gy elk; fhz;nghh; vtnuh mth; fl;F vz;zpa vz;zbky;y hk; ,dpJ Koa[k; vd; fpd; whh; ekJ bgUkhdhh;/

gz;zpa g{i$ epiwe;jJ rpw; wk;gy el';fz;L
vz;zpa vz;z k; gypj;jJ bka;a pd;gk; va;jpanjhh; jz;zpa yhuKJz;l dd; fz;l dd; rhkpia ehd; ez;zpa g[z;z pak; vd;Diuf;n fd; ,e; j ehdpyj;n j (jpUtUl;g h 5398) fhiyapny vGe; J rpw; rig el'; f z;L thH;nthh;f;Fg;gpd; tpisthf epidj;jitbay;y hk; ifTLkhk;/ (Mjhuk;)

Kd; ghl;Lf; fhiyapny tUFth; vd; fzth;
nkhrkpiy nkhrbkd bkhHpfpd; whh; bkhHpf gpd;ghl;Lf; fhiyapny epidj; jbtyhk; Koa[k; gprfpiy ,k; bkhHp rpwpJk; gprfpiy ,t;t[yfpy; Jd;ghl;L r; rpw;w pdj; jhh; rpWbkhHp nfl; Ls;se; Js';nfy; ek; khspifiar; N:H my'; fhpg;gha; jd;ghl;L j; jpUg;bghJtpy; elj; jpiwth; Miz rj;jpak; rj;jpak; khnj rj;jpak; rj;jpank (jpUtUl;g h 5706) vt;tpjj; Jd;gKkpy;yhj thH;tspj;J vz;zpa vz;z'; fs; midj;i ja[k; Koj;Jj; juty;y rpw;rig thH; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

ghzpg; gpyjha;g ; gutpndhh;f;fUs; g[hp Mzpg; bghd;dk;g yj;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(94)

Jd;gkw; w thH;f ;ifa[ k; vz;zpa midj; ija[k ; Koj;Jf; bfhLf;Fk; ty; ygj;i ja[k; mspf;f ty;yJ vd Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ ahUf;Fj; ju ntz;Lk; vg;nghJ ju ntz;Lk; vd ,e;j thpapy; Twg;gLfpd; wJ/

46

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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ghzpg;g[ vd;w brhy;y pd; bghUs; vd;gjhFk;/ bghd;dpd; tif Ie; J vd;gh;/ 1/ Mzpg; bghd; 4/ $k;g[e jk; 2/ gRk;bghd; 5/ fpspr;riu/ 3/ brk;bghd;

fhyjhkjk;

,tw;W s; Mzpg; bghd; vd;gJ kpf kpfr; rpwe;jjhFk;/ kpf kpfr; rpwe;j jhfpa Mzpg; bghd;idbahj;j bghd;dk;gyj;n j eldkpLk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz; ltnu j';fis thH;j;j pndhh;f;Fk; ntz;ondhh;f;Fk; fhyjhkjkpd; wp clnd mUs;g [hptP uhf/ Fwpg;g[ : Jd;gkw; w thH;t[k ; vz;zpaij vz;zpathW mila[k ; tz;zKk; juf; Toath; jhd; flt[s;/ mijf; fhy';fle;J mspj;jhy; vd;d gad; > rpy gaph;t iffl;F Kd; kiH ntz;Lk; kiHapd; wp mg;gaph; bta;a pyhy; fha;e; J bfl;Lg; nghd gpwF kiH bghHpe; J vd; d gad;> mJnghy; ,s tajpy; mUs; bgw; why; ed;F gaid mila Koa[k;/ K:g;g[ beU';fpa gpwF vij mDgtpf; f ,aYk;/ vdnt jf;f fhyj;jpy; mUs;g[ hptPu hf/

Kd; kiH ntz;L k; gUtg; gaph; btapd; K:o f; bfl;l
gpd; kiH nga;e ;bjd;d ngW fz;lha; me;jg; bgw;wpiag; nghy; epd; kiH nghy; bfhilapd;w d;wp K:g;g[ beU';fpaf; fhy; bghd; kiH nga; e;bjd;d fd; kiH nga;e;bjd;d g{uznd/ (jpUtUl;gh 2267)

vk;g yk; vdj; bjhGnjj;jpndhh;f;fUs;g [hp mk;g yj;jhly; bra; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; vd;W ntz;odhh;/

(96)

cd; id thH;j;j pndhh;f;F mUs;g[ hpthahf thH;j; Jfpd;w kf; fs; nfhof; fzf;fpy;

47

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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cs;sdh;/ vg;go thH; j;jpdhy; mUs;g[hpthd; ,iwtd; vd;gJ ,t; thpapy; Twg;gLfpd;wJ/ Rje;juk;. njf Rje; juk;. nghf Rje;juk; vd K:d;W mw;g Rje;ju';fs; kdpj Fyj;jpw;F kl;Lk; jug;gl;Ls; sd/ mijg; gad;gLj;jpr; rpw;r py fhhpa';fisj; j';fs; tpUg;gj; jpw; nfw;g kdpjh; fshy; bra;a ,aYk;/ j';fs; tpUg;gk;nghy; kdpjh;f s; bray;gLtjhy; mth; fs; braypYs;s ed; ik. jPikfl;nfw;g tpidg; gaid mth;f s; mDgtpf;f ntz; oajhfpwJ/ kw;w ve;j $Pt uhrpfl;Fk; ,e;jr; Rje;juk; ,iwtdhy; mspf;f g;glhjjhy; mitfl;F mitfspd; bray;f l;F tpid VJkpy; iy/ tpid vd;gJ kdpjh; fl;F kl;Lnk cz;L vd;gij epidtpy; bfhs;s ntz;Lk;/ ,e;j K:d;W Rje;j u';f isa[k ; ,iwtDf;nf xg;g[f; bfhLj;Jtpl;L mtd; vd;d ntz;LkhdhYk; bra;J bfhs;s l;Lk; vy;y hk; mtd; brany vd;w mstpy; ,iwtdplk; ahh; ruzhfjp milfpwhh; fnsh mth; fl;F ,iwtDila Mw;w y;fs; midj; Jk; brhe;j khfpd;wd/ mk;gyj;nj mUs; eldk; g[hpfpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu j'; fisna ghpg{uzkhf ek;gp. j';fs; gynk v';fs; gyk; vd;W c';fisna ahh; bjhGJ thH;j;J fpd; whh; fnsh mth;fl;F mUs;g[h ptPuhf/ eluhr gykJ ek; gynk ? elkpLtJ jpUmk;gynk/ $Pt

jk;g u "hd rpjk;guk; vDk; Xh; mk;guj; njh';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(98)

jk;gyk; vd ek;gp ahh; tHpgLfpd; whh; fnsh mth;fl;F mUs;g[ hpthahf vd;W Kd; thpapy; ntz;odhh;/ mg;go mUs; fpd; w mk;gyk; vJ vd;why; jkf;F s;ns vy;yhtw;wpDf;Fk; nkyhdjha; tps';F k; "hdg{uz Mfhak; vdg;gLk; g[ Utkj; jpahfpa rpw;rigna/

48

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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guk; ? nkyhdJ rpjk;guk; : Mfhak; gpz;lj; jpy; Mfhak; g[Ut kj;j p vd;fpwJ ciueil/ mjw;Fg; bghJ vd;W k; bgah;/ bghJ vd;gJ rig/ "hd g{uz Mfhakhf ek;kpilna tps';FtJ bghJbtDk; g[Ut kj;jpna MFk;/ me;jg; g[ Ut kj; jpahfpa mk;g uj;n j X';f pa mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ / "hd g{uz Mfhak; bghJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :

ntjhe;j epiy eho tpiue;J Kad;wwpnad;
bka;tifa[ k; iftifa[ k; bra;tifa[k; mwpnad; ehjhe; jj; jpUtP jp ele;j pLjw; fwpnad; ehdhbud;wwpnad; v'; nfhd; ahh; vd;wwpnad; nghjhe; jj; jpUehL g[ftwpnad; "hd g{uzhfha bkDk; bghJit mwpntndh Vjhe;j Pnad; rhpjk; v';' dk; ehd; g[Fntd; ahh;f;Fiug;ngd; vd; d bra;ntd; VJkwpe;jpynd/ (jpUtUl;g h 3317)

vr;rig bghJbtd ,ak;g pdh; mwp"h;fs; mr;rig ,l';bfhSk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(100)

"hd rpjk;gukhf tps';FtJ bghJbtd Kd;thpapy; tpsf;fg;gl;lJ/ me;jg; bghJ vy;n yhh;f;F k; bghJthdnj vd ,e; j thpapy; Twg;gLfpwJ/ ,e;Jf; nfhapy;f spy; ,e; Jf;fs; my;yhjhh; cs;ns EiHaf; TlhJ vd Kd; thapypy; mwptpg; igf; fhzyhk;/ fpwpj; Jt Mya';fspy; fpwpj;jth; fs; kl;Lnk m'; fj;j pduhf Koa[k;/ Kfk;k jpah; tz';Fk; jh; fhtpYk; me;j kjj; jth; kl;Lnk tHpgl Koa[k ;/ xt; bthU rkaj;jtUk; j';fSf;b fd Mya';fs; mikj; Jf; bfhz; lhh; fs;/ vy;yhr; rkaj;jtUk; ngjkpd; wp tz';f f;Toa Mya';fs; my;y ,it/ tlY}hpy; ts;syhh; mikj; j rj;jpa "hd rig xd;W jhd; vy;yhr;

49

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rhjpapdUk;. vy;yhr; rkaj; jtUk;. vy; yh kjj; jtUk; te;J tz';ff; Toa bghJthd MyakhFk; / g[wj;nj mwp"h;f s; TWfpd;w bghJthd rig tlY}h; "hdrig xd;nw/ mfj;n j cs;sk; bgU';nfhapy; CDlk; g[ Myak; vd;ghh; jpUK: yh;/ ,e;j kdpj clk;gpny ,iwtdpd; ,Ug;gplk; bew;wpapny cs;s g[Ut kj;jpna MFk;/ ,e;Jf;fs; bew;wpapny jpUePW k; jpU kz;Qqk; mzpe; J bfhs;f pd;w hh;f s;/ fpwpj;Jth;fSk; gukgpjhtpd; ,Ug;gplkhf bew;wpiana Rl;Lfpd;whh;fs;/ kfk;kjpaUk; ryhk; vd xUtiubahUth; khpahij bra;tJk; bew; wpiaf; fhl;oj;jhd;/ vdnt vy;yhr; rkaj;jtUk;. vy;y h kjj;jtUk; bew;wpna ,iwtdpd; ,Ug;gplk; vd tFj;Js;sdh;/ g[wj;nja[s;s Mya';f spy; rkangjk; kjngjk; ,Ue;j hYk; mfj;j pny mjhtJ kdpj njfj;j pny rw;Wk; khWghod; wp bew;wpna ,iwtdpd; ,Ug;gplkhf mwp"h;fs; Vw;Wf; bfhz;Ls;sdh;/ Kd;dnu TwpaJ nghy ,e;Jf;fs; my;yhjhh; cs; ns EiHaf;TlhJ vd;w mwptpg;gpid ,e;Jf; fspd; Mya';fspy; fhz; fpd; nwhk;/ bkf;fhtpw;F mDkjpapy;iy/ kfk; kjpah;fs; jtpu kw;iwnahUf;F

fpwpj; Jt Mya';fspy; gpw rkaj;jth; bry;tjw;F xU ntis mDkjpj;jhYk; me;jj; njthya';fspy; fpwpj;Jth; my;yhjhh; gjpt[ bra;J bfhs; snth. tHpghL elj; jp itf;fnth mDkjpapy;iy/ tHpgLk; Mya'; fs; rka. kj ngjj;Jld; tps';F fpd;wnjad;w p rkur nehf;Fld; ,y;y nt ,y; iy/ vy; yh mwp"h;fSk; bghJthd Myak; vd Vw;Wf; bfhs; sf;T oaJ g[wj;nj tlY}h; rj;jpa "hd rig xd;nw/ mt;t hnw mfj;j pny mwp"h;fs; midtUk; bghJbtdf; TWtJ g[Utkj;j pna MFk;/ ve;jr; rigia mwp"h;fs; midtUk; bghJthdJ vdf; TWfpd;w hh;f nsh (g[Ut kj; jpahfpa rpw;wk;gyk;) me;jr; rigia ,lkhff; bfhz;L tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ 50

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

thLjy; ePf;fpa kzp kd;wpilna MLjy; ty;y mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(102)

(Kd;thpapy; midtUf;Fk; bghJthdjhf ,iwtd; tps';FtJ rpw;rigahfpa g[Ut kj; jpna vdf;T wg;gl;lJ/ ,e;j thpapy; rpw;rigapd; gad; ,Jbtdf; Twg;gLfpd; wJ)/ thLjy; vd;g J kuzkiljy;/ kuzj;ij kzpkd; wkhfpa rpw;rigapy; MLfpd;w ty;ygk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ eP f;fpa bgw;w

MLfpd;w nrtof;F Mshdjhy; jhd; khshj ahf; if bgw;wjhf mwptpf;fpd;whh;/

MLfpd;w nrtof;F Mshndd; khshj ahf;if bgw; nwd;
TLfpd;w rd; khh; f;f r';f j;nj eLtpUe;J Fyht[fpd;nwd; ghLfpd;n wd; ve;i j gpuhd; gjg;g[ fiHg; ghog; gho ePLfpd; nwd; ,d;g f; Tj;jhLfpd;n wd; vz;zbkyhk; epuk;gpndnd/ (jpUtUl;gh 5445) kw;bwhU ghlypy; fUntuw;wplnt fisfpd; w vd; fz;Qqjny vd;W ghLfpd;whh;fs;/ Mf g[Utkj;j pahfpa rpw;rigna kuzj;ij ePf; f ty;y Mw;wYilaJ vd ,e;j thpapy; tpsf; fg;gLfpd;w J/

ehlfj; jpUr;bray; etpw;wpLk; xU ngh; bgU"; Mlfg; bghJ bthsph; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(104)

(kuzj;i jna ePf; fty;y g[Utkj;j pahfpa rpw;rig Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;l J/ me; jr; rpw;r igapy; ,iwtd; vt;t hW tps';Ffpd;whd; vd ,e;j thpapy; Twg; gLfpd;wJ/) cs;bshspapd; mirtpidna eluhr eldk; my; yJ Mde;j eldk; vd;W ek;bgUkhdhh; vLj;Jf; fhl;Lfpd;whh;/ xt;bthU kdpjDila jiy kz; il Xl;Lf;Fs;ns mjhtJ fghyj;j pw;Fs;ns ,iwtdhdtd; jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj;ij ,lkhff; bfhz;L eldkpl;Lf; bfhz; oUf;f pd;w hd;/

51

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

@ Xyf; fghlj;ijr; rhyj; jpwe;jUs; Xyf;fk; fhl;odPh; thhPh ; fhyf; fzf; fpy; yPh; thhP h;/@ (jpUtUl;gh 4450) bghJ vd;fpd;w rpw;rigia xU ngh; Mlfk; vdg;gLk; kpfr; rpwe;j eld rigahff; bfhz;L ehlfk; vd;fpd;w xspapd; miritj; jpUr; brayhff; fhl;og; gpufhrj;Jld; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : g[Ut kj;j pahfpa rpw;r igia Mlfk; vd;Wk; xspapd; mirit ehlfk; vd;Wk; th;z pf;fpd;whh;/

fw;g id KGtJ'; fle;J xsp jUk; Xh; mw;g [jr; rpw;rig mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(106)

Kd; thpapy; rpw;r igia eld mu'; fkhff; bfhz;L mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;lth; xspahf epd;W mirthfpa jpUr; braiy "hd ehlfkhf elj; jpf; bfhz;o Uf;f pwhh; vd;gJ tpsf;fg;gl;lJ/ ,iwtd; v';nf ,Uf;f pd;w hd;. vt;thW tps';Ffpd;whd;. vd;d bra;J bfhz;oUf;fpd;whd; vd;gbjy;yhk; Twg;gl; lhYk; mtdJ cUit mtdJ braiy vt;t st[jhd; fw;gid bra;jhYk; me;jf; fw;gidf;Fs; ml';fhJ vd;f pd;w J ,e;j thp/ "hdpfs;. mUshsh;f s;. nguwpthsh; fs; fw;gid vt;tst[ ePz; lhYk; mtw;w pw;bfy;yhk; mitfl;F mg;ghw;gl;Lg; gpufhrpf; fpd;w Xh; jUfpd;w kpf mw;g[ jkhd rpw;rigapy; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ ahUila ml';f hJ xspiaj; tps';F k;

<d;w ew;whapDk; ,dpa bgUe; jat[ Md;w rpw;rigapy; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; fw;gidf;F vl;l Koahj ,iwtd; vd tpsf;fg;gl;lJ/ mg;gog;gl;l xU ekf;bfd;d gyd; vd;fpd;wJ ,e; j thp/

(108) xd;Wjhd; bghUshy;

52

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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cyfpny vija[k; tplr; rpwe; jJ xU ey;y jhapd; md;ng vdf; TWth;/ mJt[k ; bgw; bwLj;j jha; vd;w hy; brhy;y nt ntz;oajpy;i y/ kfd; vg;gog;gl; l Jh;f;FzKilatdhdhYk; vt;tpjkhd Fw;wk; g[h pe;j hYk; mtid kd; dpf; fnt bra;ths;/ Mdhy; mg;gog;gl;l ey; y jha[';T lr; rpy neuj; jpy; kfd; bra;j gpiHiaf; fz;L rpwpJ fz; og;igf; fhl;Lthshk;/ rpw;rigapy; tps';Fk; Mz;ltnuh ve; jf; Fw;wKk; Fwpahky; bgw;w jha; fhl;L k; fUizia tpl gy nfhog; g';F mjpfkhd fUiz fhl;Lthh;/ khwhj fUiz cila rpw;r ig mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;lth; ,d;gj;i j kl;Lnk mspf;f pd;w jat[ilath; Mthh;/ (Mjhuk;)

ew; wha[k ; gpiH Fwpf;ff; fz; nlhk; ,e; j ehepyj;n j
kw;wth; ahh; ehlhh; tPnz gw;wha[k ; mth; jik ehk; gw;nwhk; gw; wpy; gw;w hj gw;W ilahh; gw;wp cs; ns cw;wha[ k; rptbgUkhd; fUiz xd; nw cW gpiHfs; vj;Jiza[k; bghWg;gJ vd;W cd; bghw;whis tpUk;gpaJk; kd;WshLk; bghUns vd; gpiHaidj;Jk; bghWf;ftd;nw/ (jpUtUl;g h 2166)

,d;g [W ehDsj;J vz;z pah';F vz;z pah';F $hjp (110) md;g [wj; jUrig mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapny <d; w jhiatplg; bgUe; jat[i laJ rpw;wk;gyj; J mUl;bgU";n$hjp vd;W Twg;gl;lJ/ ehk; nfl;gitbay;yhk; fpilf;F kh ? bfhLf;Fkh vd;why; Mk; bfhLf;Fk; fpilf;F k; vd;fpwJ ,e;j thp/ vy;yh caph;fSk; ,d;g[w;W thH ntz;L k; vd;W kl;Lnk vd; cs;sj; jpy; vz;z pndd;/ ehd; mt;t hW vz;z pa nghbjy; yhk; vz;zpathnw vdf;F mspj;j jhy; me;j r; rpw;rig Mz; lth; kPJ vdf;Fk; md;g[ Vw;gl;lJ/ ehd; vz;zpaij bay;yhk; mspj;J vd;i d ,d;gkilar; bra;J

53

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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jd; kPJk; md;g[ tsUkhW mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ :

jUfpd;w

rpw;rig

gpw caph;fs; ,d;g kila ntz;Lk; vd;W jd; cs;sj; jpny vz; zk; Vw;gl; lJ vd;gjw; F Mjhuk;

kz; Qqyfjpny caph;f s; jhk; tUe;J k;
tUj;jj;ij xU rpwpbjdpDk; fz;Qqwg; ghh;j ;Jk; brtpa[ wf; nfl;L k; fzKk; ehd; rfpj;jpl khl;nld; vz;QqWk; vdf; nf epd;d Us; tyj;j hy; ,irj; j nghjpirj;j nghbjy;yhk; ez;Qqkt; tUj; jk; jtph; f;f ey; tue; jhd; ey;Fjy; vdf;fpr;irahbke; jha; (jpUtUl;gh 3408) mth; vz;zpathW Mz; ltd; je;j hd; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

Jd;bgyhe; jPh;e ;jd Rfk; gypj; jJ epidr;
N:H;e; jjUbshsp epiwe;n j Rj;j rd;khh;f; f epiy mDgtk; epdf; nf Rje;jukjhdJ cyfpy; td;bgyh ePf; fp ey; tHpbayhkhf;f p bka; thH;btyhk; bgw;W kpft[k; kd;Dapbuyhk; fspj;jpl epidj; jida[ d;wd; kd epidg;gpd;gof;nf md;g eP bgWf t[ ythJ ePL:H ptpis MLf mUl;n$hjpahk; Ml;rp je;n jhk; cidf; iftpnlhk; iftpnlhk; Miz ek; khiz vd;nw ,d;g[wj; jpUthf; fspj;J vd;Dns fye;J ,irt[ld; ,Ue;j FUnt vy;yhk; bra;ty;y rpj;jhfp kzp kd;wpdpy; ,y';F eluh$ gjpna (jpUtUl;gh 3676)

54

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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vk;ika[k; vd;id tpl;L ,iwa[k; gphpahJ mk;ikag;gDkhk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(112)

Kd; thpfspy; jhapDk; jat[ ilath; vd;Wk; vz;zpa midj; jpida[k; jUgth; vd;Wk; Mz;ltiug; gw; wpf; Twg;gl;lJ/ g[ Ut ikakhfpa jpUr; rpw;wk;gyk; ek;i ktpl;L vg;nghJk; gphpahJ md;idiag; nghy; mUisa[k ; mg;gidg;nghy; mwpthw;wiya[k; je;J bfhz; nl ,Uf;Fk; vd;fpwJ ,e;j thp/ vf;fhyj;Jk; vd;idtpl;Lg; gphpahky; md;ida[kha; mg;gDkha; tps';fpf; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ vdf;F fhf;fpd;w

gphpt[w;wwpahg; bgUk; bghUsha; vd; mwpt[f; fwpthk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(114)

vf;fhyj;Jk; gphpahky; mk;i ka[k ha; mg;gDkha; tps';fpr; rpw;rig Mz;lth; fhg;ghw;w pf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;whh; vd;W Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ Vd; gphpa khl;lhh; vd;W tpsf;Ffpd;wJ ,e; j thp/ cyfpaypy; ehk; <l;Lfpd;w ve;jg; bghUSk; epiyahdjy;y/ fhyj;jpdhny gphpe; J tplf; fhz; fpd; nwhk;/ bghUs;f s; kl;Lkpd;w p kdpjh;fs; cwtpYk; gphpt[ Vw;gLfpd;wJ/ el;g pny gphpitf; fhz; fpd;nwhk;/ fUiza[k ; rptKkhd bgUk;bghUs; vdf;Ff; fpilj;jJ/ mJ vf;fhyj;Jk; ve;n euKk; vidg; gphpe;jnj ,y;iy/ Vbddpy; gphpt[ vd;g J vd;d btd;n w mJ mwpahjJ/ mJ vd; mwpnthL fye;J mwptpDf;F mwptha; tps';Ffpd;w J/ vd; mwptpDf;F mwptha; tps';FtJ vJ bjhpa[ kh> mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu jh';fns fUiza[ k; rptKkha; gphptpd; wp mt;thW tps';Ffpd;wP h;/

55

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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fUiza[k; rptKk; bghUs; vd;w jw;F Mjhuk;/
jUzkp";"hd;nw Rj;j rd; khh; f;fj; jdpbewp cybfyhk; jiHg;gf; fUiza[ k; rptnk bghUs; vdf;fUJk; fUj; Jk; cw;W vk;kndhh; fspg;gg; bghUs; epiw X'; fj; bjUs; epiy tps';fg; g[z;zpak; bghw;g[w ta';f mUs; eae;j Us;t ha; jpUr; rpw; wk;gyj;nj mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd; dunr (3757)

rptnk bghUbsd;W njw;wp vd;i dr;
rpt btspf;nfWk; rpfuj; jpy; Vw; wpr; rptkhf; fpf; bfhz;lJ ghhPh ; ? jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUel n$hjp (jpUtUl;g h 4586)

rptnk bghUbsd;W mwpthy; mwpe;n jd;
brj;jhiu kPl;f pd;w jpz;ikiag; bgw; n wd; ctnka kpy;yhj xU epiy jd;dpy; xd;wpuz;bld;dhj cz;ikapy; epd;n wd; jtnk g[h pfpd;whh; vy;yhUk; fhzj; jathy; miHf;fpd;nwd; fathnj njhHp mtnk nghfhbjd;n dhL Mnlo ge;J mUl; bgU";n $hjp fz; lhnlo ge;J (jpUtUl;g h 4958)

rhjpa[k; kjKk; rkaKk; fhzh
Mjp mdhjpahk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
(116) mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;lth; gphpbtd;gnj ,y;y hJ fUiza[ k; rptKkha; mwpnthL fye; J tps';Ftjhf Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ mg;g oahdhy; midtUk; mtiu Vd; mwpe; J bfhs;s ,aytpy; iy vd;gjw;F ,e;j thp tpilaspf;fpwJ/

56

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu cdf;F Kd; njhd;wpaJ vJt[k; ,y;iy/ cdf;Fg; gpd; ,Uf;fg; nghtJk; vJt[k ; ,y;iy/ Mjpa[k ; mdhjpa[kha; tps';FtJ ePh; xUtnu/ mg;go ,Ue; Jk; ,ilapy; kdpjh;fshy; fw;gpf;fg;gl; l $hjp kjk; rkak; Mfpa gw;Wf; fisf; bfhz;nlhh; fhz Koahj xd;wha; tps';Ffpd;w Ph;/ $hjp btwp. kj btwp. rka btwp. Kjypatw; iw tplhJ gw;w pf; bfhz;o Ug;nghh; fy;tp E}y;f is vt;tst[jhd; frlwf; fw;Wzh;e; jpUe; jhYk; guk; bghUshfpa cd;idf; fhznt KoahJ. mth;f s; g[wj;j pnyna kdijr; brYj;j pj; j';f s; j';fs; rka kjj; bja;t ';fspd; kPJ mirah ek;gpf; if bfhz;L me;je;j tot';f spYk; bgah;fspYk; tz;z ';fspYk; cz;ikapnyna ,Ug;gjhf ek;gp tHpgLtjhy; mf mDgtkhfpa jpUr;rpw;wk;gyk; mth; fs; mwpa Koahj bghUshfp tpLfpd;wJ/ rhjpg; gw;W k; kjg; gw;Wk; rkag; gw;Wk; bfhz;nlhh; fhz Koah tif Mjpa[k; mdhjpa[ khd mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;lth; tps';fpf; bfhz;o Uf;f pd;w hh;/ rhjpa[k ; rkaKk; jtph;j ;njhh;f;F kl;Lnk cwtha; ,Uf;f pwhd; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; : ,iwtd;

Mjpa[k; me; jKk; ,d; wp xd;whfp
mfk; g[wk; mfg;g[ wk; g[wg;g[wk; epiwe; n j Xjpa[k; czh;e;J k; ,';fwptUk; bghUns cs';bfhs; rpw; rig eL tps';F bka;g ; gjpna n$hjpa[ k; n$hjpapd; KjYk; jhdhfpr; N:H;e; bjid tsh; f;fpd;w Rje; ju mKnj rhjpa[k ; rkaKk; jtph; j;jth; cwnt jdp eluhr vd; rw;FU kzpna (jpUtUl;g h 3704)

57

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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jDfuzhjpfs; jhk; fle;J mwpa[nkhh; mDgtkhfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(118)

rhjpg; gw;W . rkag; gw;W. kjg; gw;W. Kjypatw; iwf; iftpl Koahjth;fs; fhz Koahj me;j ,iwtid ahuhy; fhz Koa[k ; vd;w tpsf;f k; jUfpd; wJ ,e;j thp/ jD vd;gJ clk;g[ ? mjhtJ bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f;F. brtp Mfpa ,e;jphpa';f s; fuzk; vd;gJ kdk;. g[j; jp. rpj; jk;. mf';fhuk;. cs;s k; Mfpait/ ,e;jphpa';fSk; fuz';fSk; rjh rh;t fhyKk; bray;gl;L f; bfhz; nl ,Uf;f pd;w d/ mit bray;gLfpd;w tiu ,iw mDgtk; Vw;gLtnj ,y; iy/ ,e;jphpa';fSk;. fuz';fSk; bray;gLfpd;w epiyiaf; fle;J. gpd;dh; mwpt[ kl;Lk; bray;gLfpd;w nghJ mwpaf; Toa Xh; mDgtkhf tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ rjh rh;t fhyKk; ,iwtidna vd; kdjpy; epidj; Jf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;nwd;/ ntW rpe;j idna vd; kdjpy; vGtjpy;i y vd;W TWth; rpyh;/ ntW rpyh; ehd; vg;nghJk; mtDila g[fiHna ngRfpd;nwd;/ mtd; ghly;fisna vg; nghJk; ghLfpd;nwd; vd;gh;/ kdjpdhny epidg;gjpdhYk; thahy; ngRtjhYk; ,iw mDgtk; te;jpLkh vd;why; thuhJ vd; fpd; whh;/ g[y d;fisf; flf; f Kjypy; vd;d bra;a ntz;Lk;> ghrj; ij mWf;f ntz;Lk;/ gpwF jhd; fuz'; fs; ml';F k;/ ghrj;ij mWj;j cz;ik mwpt[i lnahh; kdk;. g[j; jp. rpj;jk; . mf';f huk; Mfpa fuz';f isr; bray;glbthl;l hJ ePf ;fp. K:r;ira[k ; mt;thnw mfw;w p. bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f;F. brtp Mfpa fUtpfis mfw;w p. Mir vDk; khiaia tpl;L. cyfpaypy; mDgtpf;f pd;w mw;g Rf'; fisbay;yhk; monahnl tpl;blhHpj; J Mztk;. khia. fd;k k; Mfpa Kk;k y';f s; vGk;ghtz;zk; mtw;iwa[ k; ePf;f p. jtk; nkw; bfhz;L

58

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cyfpaypy; rpwpJk; xl;lhJ epd;why; mth;fis ,e;j ,iw mDgtkhdJ jhnd NH;e;J fye;J tpLkhk;/ Mjhuk; :

kl; lfd; w beL';fhyk; kdj; jhy; thf; fhy;
kjpj;j poDk; g[yk;gpoDk; thuhJ vd;nw fl;lfd;w bka;awpnthh; fuzk; ePf;f pf; fiyafw; wpf; fUtpbayhk; fHw;wp khia tpl;lfd;W fUkkynghjk; aht[k; tpLj; J xHpj;J r; rfrky tPf; fk; ePf; fpr; Rl;lfd;W epw;f mth; jk;i k Kw;Wk; N:H;e; J fye;jpLk; rptnk Jhpaj;njnt (jpUtUl;g h 2126) Fwpg;g[ :
epidtpy; gRkuj;j hzpnghy; gjpa itj; Jf; bfhs;s ntz;oaJ vd;dbtd;why; mUl;b gU";n $hjp vd; gJ xU kdpjdhy; mwpaf;Toa Xh; mDgtnk/ mUl; bgU";n $hjp Xh; mDgtk; mDgtnk/

cDKzh; czh;tha; czh;btyh';fle;j mDgthjPj mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(120)

,e;jphpa';fSk;. fuz';fSk; fle;J mwpaf; Toa Xh; mDgtnk ,iwtdhfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp vd;W Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ me; jf; fuz czh;t [f is vt;thW flg;gJ vd ,e; j thpapy; czh; j;jg;gLfpd;w J/ Xh; Mrhhpaidf; bfhz;L jpahdk; bra;tjw;Fg; gapw; rp Vw;W f; bfhz;lhy; g[Ut ikakhfpa rpw;rigapy; Xh; czh;t[ vWk;g[ CWtJ nghyj; njhd;Wk;/ me;j czh;t [ kpf kpfj; Jy;ypakhdJk; bky; ypajhft[k; Muk;gj; jpy; ,Uf;Fk;/ me;j czh;tpd; kPJ ehl;lk; bfhz;L bghwp g[yd;f shy; Vw;gLk; czh;itf; flf;Fk; epiyiaj;j hd; cDk; czh;/ czh;thy; czh;btyhk; fle;J vd ,e;j thpapy; Twg;gl;Ls; sJ/ mg;go ,e;j phpa fuz czh;t[ fisf; fle;J mDgtpf;f pd;w mDgtj;j pd; Kotpy; njhd;Wfpd;w ngbuhspna mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

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bghJ czh; czUk; nghjyhy; gphpj;nj mJ vdpy; njhd;wh mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(122)

,iwtdhfpa mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Xh; mDgtk; vd;Wk; mij. czh;t[ fisf; fle;J mDgtpf;fyhk; vd;Wk; Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ me;j mDgtj;i j ek; clk;g pd; ve; jg; ghfj;jpy; mwpayhk; vd;gJ ,e;j thp jUk; tpsf;f khFk;/ bghJ vd;gjw;F vd;d tpsf;fk; > vy;nyhiua[ k ; bghJthf mjhtJ ghugl;rkpd;w pr; rkkhfg; ghh;g ;gJ vd;gjh> mg;bghUSk; cs;sJ/ MapDk; ,e; j thpf;F me;jg; bghUs; bghUe;j hJ/ "hdk; g{uzkhf tps'; ff; Toa Mfhakhfpa g[Ut kj; jpna bghJ vd;gjhFk;/ Mjhuk; :

ntjhe;j epiy eho tpiue;J Kad;wwpnad;
bka;tifa[ k; iftifa[ k; bra;tifa[k; mwpnad; ehjhe; jj; jpUtP jp ele;j pLjw; fwpnad; ehd; Mh; vd;wwpnad; v'; nfhd; Mh; vd;wwpnad; nghjhe; jj; jpUehL g[ftwpnad; "hd g{uzhfha bkDk; bghJit mwpntndh Vjhe; jPnad; rhpjk; v'; 'dk; ehd; g[F ntd; ahh;f;Fiug;ngd; vd; d bra;ntd; VJkwpe;jpynd (jpUtUl;g h 3317) mz;lj;jpy; g[Utkj;j p/ mz;lk; Mfhrk;/ gpz;lj;jpy; mz;lk;

mUl; bgU";n $hjpia ek; clk;gpd; ve;j ghfj;jpy; czu Koa[k; vd;w hy; "hd g{uz Mfhak; vd;W brhy;yg;gLfpd; w bghJthfpa rpw; rigapy;jhd; czu Koa[nk jtpu mij tpl;Lg; g[wj;nj mJ vd;W Rl; of; fhl;l j; njhd;w hj xd; whFk;/ mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltuhfpa mDgtj;ijg; g[Utkj;jpapy; czu Koa[nk jtpu mt;tplk; jtph;j; J mfj; jpYk; g[w j;jpYk; vt;tplj;Jk; njhd;whj xd;W jhd; mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

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,iwtd; mJ jhd; vd;Wk; ,Jjhd; vd;Wk; Rl;l bthz;z hJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :

bgh Jbtd;Wk; bghJtpy; elk; g[hpah epd;w
g{uz rpw;rptbkd;Wk; nghjhde;j kJbtd;W k; gpukbkd;Wk; gukbkd;Wk; tFf;fpd; nwhh; tFj; jpLf mJjhd; vd; Wk; ,Jbtd;W k; Rl; l bthz;zhJ mjdhy; Rk;kh ,Ug;gJnt Jzpt[ vdf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;nwhiu tpJbtd;w jz; zspahy; fye;J bfhz; L tps';Ffpd;w bgU btspna tpkyj; njnt (jpUtUl;g h 2136) Fwpg;g[ : mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd;gJ Xh; mDgtk; vd;Wk;. fUtp fuzhjpfs; fle;j gpd; g[Ut ikakhfpa rpw;rigapy; njhd;Wk; Xh; xsp mDgtk; vd;Wk; rpw;rig jtpu mfj;nja[ k; g[wj;n ja[k; ntbw';Fk; Rl;of; fhl;l Koahj xd;W vd;Wk; tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;s J/

cstpdpy; cstp dpy; mwpe;jhy; xHpa kw;wsf;fpd; mstpdpy; msth mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(124)

Kd; thpapy; "hdg{uz Mfhakhfpa g[Utikaj;j py; czUk; nghJ kl;Lnk mwpa Koa[ k; vdf; Twg;gl;lJ/ me;jg; g[Ut ikaj;i j vt;t hW mwpa ntz;Lk; > cst[ vd;gJ xU bghUisg; gpwh; mwpah ,ufrpakhf mwptJ/ cjhuzk;/ ; joj;j ,Uk;g [j; tisf;f ntz;Lkhdhy; mg;gona tisf;f mijg; gGf; ff; fha; r;rp tisj;j hy; vspjhf gGf;ff; fha; r;r ntz;Lk; vd;W bjhpe; J bfhs;tnj tz;zk; Jz; il ,ayhJ/ tisa[k;/ cst[/

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,ufrpakhf mwpa ntz; oaij ,ufrpakhf mwptnj cst[/ xU ey;y FUit eho mth; fUizapdhny mth; K:y khf ,ufrpakhf me; jg; bghJit mwpe; J bfhs;s ntz;L k;/ mt;thW mwpe;J bfhs; shjth;fs; ntW ve;j tifapy; vt;thW Kaw;rp bra;J Kad;w hYk; vd;Wk; mwpa KoahJ/ ve;j msitf; bfhz;L mse;J ghh;j ; jhYk; me;j mstpdpy; ml';f hjJ. me; jg; bghJtpy; tps'; Fk; mUl;bgU";n $hjp. jf;f Mrhhpaidf; bfhz;L bew;wpf; fz;i zj; jpwe;J bfhs;s ntz;L k; vd;fpwJ ciueil/ ,iwtdplj;jpy; ehk; neuoahfj; bjhlh;g [ bfhs;s KoahJ vd;gjdhy;jhd; nfhapy;f spy; g{i$ bra;a mh;r; rfh; fis Mjp fhyj;j pypUe;n j epakpj; jpUf;fpd;whh;fs;/ ,iwtid miltjw;F xt;bthUtUf;Fk; ey;y. FU njit/ jdf;F mt;t hW xU ey;y FU mikatpy;i y vd;gijj;jhd; X';fpa Xh; Jizapd;wp cah;e ;j xl;Lj; jpz;izapy; J}';fp kpfg; g[uz;L tpH vd;w thpfspy; bjhptpf;fpd;whh;/

vjdhYk; Mz; ltid msf;f KoahJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :
nguha mz;l';fs; gyt[k; gpz;l ngj';f s; gw;gyt[ k; gpz;lhz;lj; jpd; thuha gy bghUSk; flYk; kz;Qqk; kiya[st[ k; flYst[k; kzYk; thDk; Cuhj thd; kPDk; mQqt[ k; kw;iw cs;sdt[k ; mse;j plyhk; Xnfh cd;id MuhYk; msg;ghpJ vd;W mde; j ntjk; miwe;J ,isf; f mjp J}ukhFk; njnt (jpUtUl;gh 2124) ,Jtiu mse;J ghh;j; j bfhz;L mse;jhh;fnsh mJ msitf; fz; lhhpy;iy/ mj;Jiz ngh;fSk; vijf; nja; e; jnj jtpu ,iwtd;

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Mjhuk; :

fp sf;f pd;w kiwasit Mfkg; ngusitf;
fpse;j pL bka;r; rhjdhk; msit mwpt[ msit tpsf;Fkpe;j msitfisf; bfhz;L beL';fhyk; nkyth;f s; mse; J mse;J bkypfpd;whuh';nf msf;f pd;w fUtpbayhk; nja;e;j plf; fz;lhnuy; md;wp xUthnwDk; mst[ fz;lhhpiyna Jsf;fKW rpw; wwpthy; xUthbwd;Wiuj;njd; brhd;d btsptiunaDk; Jzpe;j sf;fg; gLnkh (jpUtUl;g h 5703) ,iwtid cs;n s fhz cst[ mwpa ntz;Lk;

cs; shidf; fjt[ jpwe; J cs;ns fhz
csbtdf; nf ciuj; jhid czuhh; ghl;ilf; bfhs;s hid vd;ghl;ilf; Fwpf; bfhz; lhid bfhy;y hik tpujbkdf; bfhz;lhh; jk; ikj; js;shidf; bfhiy g[iyiaj; js;s hjhiuj; jGthid ahd; g[hpe;j jtW nehf; fp vs;shid ,lh;jtph;j; jp';bfd;id Mz;l vk;khidf; fz;L fspj;jpUf;fpd;nwnd/ (jpUtUl;g h 3936)

vd;ida[k; gzp bfhz;L ,wth tukspj;J (126) md;idapY te;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; cstwpnthh; kl;Lnk ,iwtid mwpa Koa[k; vd mwptpf;fg;gl;lJ/ cst[ vd;gJ vy;nyhUf;Fk; bghJthdjy;y/ vy; nyhUk; cstwpa ,ayhJ/ jpwik. rhkh;j ;jpak;. mwpt[. ntfk;. Jzpt[ Kjypa gy jFjpa[ilnahh; f;F kl;Lnk chpika[ ilaJ/ me;j csit mwpe; J bfhs;Sk; jFjp cdf; fpy; iy vd;W vd;idj; js; sp tplhky; gzp bfhs;thahf vd;W ,e; j thpapy; ntz;lg;gLtJ fhz;f/

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ehd; me;j csit mwpaj; jFjpahdtd; my; y vd;W vd;idj; js; sp tplhky; vd;ida[k; cd; gzp bra;af;T oa md;gh; fspy; xUtdhfr; nrh;j ;Jf; bfhz;L mjd; KGg; gydhfpa kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[ je; J vd;jhapDk; bgU kfpH;r ;rpailfpd;w vd; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz; ltnu/ ,iwtd; gzp bra;ag; gyh; jFjpa[lDk; Mty; bfhz;Lk; cs;s dh;/ mt;thW ,Ue;J k; ,iwtndh ts;syhiu kl;L k; jd; gzp bra;a Ml;bfhz;l hdhk;/ (Mjhuk;)

ca;gps;is gw;gyh; Mty; bfhz;nl
cyfj;j pUg;g ,';bfd;idj; jd; Vty; bra; gps;is Mf;f pw;Wg; ghhPh; ? jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUel n$hjp (jpUtUl;g h 4611) ngUw;w cyfpYW rka kj bjhl';F k; eluhr gjpkhiyg; ghly; bewpbayhk; vdj;

@ eP vd; gps;is Mjyhny ,t;ntiy g[hpf vd;wpl;ldk; ? kdjpy; ntbwz;z w;f vd;w FUnt@ (jpUtUl;g h 3677) ehL fye;j hs;f pd;n whh; bjhl';F k; jpUtUl;gh (5470) vy;yhUk; tpag;g vdj;

@vid eP ghLf vd;ndhL fye;J MLf vd;bwdf;nf gzpapl;lha; @

Xjp Xjhky; cw vdf; fspj; j Mjp <wpy; yh mUl;bgU"; n$hjp

(128)

jd;id ,iwtd; gzp bfhz;l ngw; iw Kd; thpapy; mwptpj;j ekJ bja;tj; je;ijahh; me;j csthdJ jf;f Xh; Mrhhpadhy; kl;Lnk mwptpf;fg;gl ntz;L k; vd;w hYk;

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mt;thW Xh; Mrhhpad; jdf;F ,e;j thpapy; czh;j;J fpd; whh;/

tha;f;ftpy;iy

vd;gij

FUehjh; rPld; fhjpny ke;jpur; brhy; iy cr;r hpg;gnj Xjpdhh; vd;gJ/ rPld; mij kPz ;Lk; TWtJ XJjy; MFk;/ Xjp Xjhky; vd;gJ vdf;F fw;ftpy;iy vd;W bghUs;gLfpwJ/ ahUk; fw;gpj;J ehd;

ek; bgUkhdhh;f;F kdpj totpy; xU mike; J mth; Xj ek; bgUkhdhh; Xjtpy;iy/

FUehjh;

xUtuhy; fw;W f; bfhLf;fg;gl;L ehd; fw;fhky; vy;y h "hd';f isa[k ; ehd; mila[khW vdf;F mwptspj;jtnu. jdf;F Xh; Muk;gKk; Kot[k; ,y; yhj mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu/ ve;j MrhhpaDk; jdf;F Xjtpy; iy/ ve;j E}iya[k; jhDk; Xjtpy;iy vd; fpwhh; ts;syhh;/

VJk; mwpahJ ,Uspy; ,Ue; j rpwpnaid
vLj;J tpLj;J mwpt[ rpwpnja;e;j plt[k ; g[hpe; J XJkiw Kjw; fiyfs; Xjhky; czu czh;tpypUe; J czh;j; jp mUs; cz; i k epiy fhl;oj; jPJbewp rkabewp bry;Yjiyj; jtph; j;Jj; jpUtUs; bka;g;bghJ bewpapy; brYj;jpa[k; ehd; kUSk; nghJ ka';nfy; kfnd vd;W kaf;bfy;yhk; nghf;fp vdf;Fs; spUe;j g[ dpj guk;bghUns (jpUtUl;gh 3053)

ehjh bghd; dk;gyj;nj mwpthde; j ehlfk; bra;
ghjh JUk;gpDk; gw;w hj vd;idg; gzpbfhz;b ly;y hk; XjhJzu czh;j;j p cs;ns epd;W cst[ brhd;d ePjh epid kwe; bjd; epidf;n fd; ,e; j ePzpyj;n j (jpUtUl;g h 2775)

XjhJzh; e;jpl xsp mspj; bjdf;nf
Mjhuk; Mfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp (mfty; thp 24)

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go mo thd; Ko gw;wpDk; njhw;wh mo Ko vDk; Xh; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(130)

Xh; Mrhhpadhy; jdf;F Xjg;g l;Lg; gpd;dh; mt;thrhhpad; Xjpa tz;zk; jhd; Xjp mwpe; J bfhs;stpy;iy/ ahuhYk; Xjg; glhkYk; jhDk; ve;j E}iya[k ; XjhkYk; ,iwtid mile; njd; vd;W Kd; thpapy; Twpdhh;/ mt;t hW mila Koa[khdhy; mtd; mjhtJ ,iwtd; mt;tst[ vspatd; vd;W vz; zptplyhkh !!! kz;. eP h;. beUg;g[. fhw;W. Mfhak; vDk; g";r g{j';fspy; kz; vd;gJ moahdhy; Mfhak; vd;gJ Ko/ Mfhak; ? Ko fhw;W beUg;g[ ePh; kz; eL ? mo

ePh;. beUg;g[. fhw;W Mfpait ,t; tpuz;od; eL MFk;/ rfy $PtuhrpfSk; guk; bghUSk; ,itfl;Fs;n sjhd; tps';Ffpd;wd/ ,iwtidf; fhz kpFe;j Mty; bfhz;l xUtd; kpf Mw;w y; bgw;wtdha[kpUe;jhd;/ ,iwtid vg;goahtJ fz;Ltpl ntz;Lk; vd;W xU ifahy; moahfpa g{kpiag; gw;wpf; bfhz;lhd;/ kW ifahy; Koahfpa Mfhaj;i jg; gw;w pf; bfhz; lhd;/ ,t;thW kz; iz xU ifahYk; tpz; iz kW ifahYk; gpoj;Jf; bfhz;L ghh;j;j hYk; ,iwtd; njhd; w khl;l hd;/ mg;goahdhy; mtd; ,y;iynah vd;W vz;zptplf; Tlhjhk;/ ve;j moiaa[k ; ve;j Koiaa[k ; gw; wpf; bfhz;L ghh;f; fpd;nwhnkh mnj mo Koahf tps';Fgtd; mtndahFk;/ kz; zhf tpz; zhf mtd; ,Ue;j hYk; me;j kz;i za[k; tpz; iza[k; fhz;nghuhYk;

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fhz Koahjtd; ,iwtd;/ mtd; g{kpnaahdhYk; tpz; nz MdhYk; fhz;nghh;f;Fj; jd; idf; fhl; Ltjpy;iy (Mjhuk;)

ke; jpukha;g; gjkhfp td;dkhfp
tsh; fiyaha;j ; jj;Jtkha;g; g[tdkhfpr; re;jpudha; ,e;j pudha; ,utpahfpj; jhdtuha; thdtuha;j; ja'; fh epd;w je;jpukha; ,it xd;Wk; my; ythfpj; jhdhfpj; jdjhfpj; jhdhd; fhl;l h me;jukha; mg;ghyha; mjw; fg;ghyha; mg;ghYf;F mg;ghyha; mkh;e;j njnt (jpUtUl;g h 2090)

gtdj;jpd; mz;lg; gug;g pd; v';bf';F k; mtDf;F mtdhk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(132)

g";r g{j';fspy; moahfpa cyfpid xU ifahy; gw;wpf; bfhz;L. Koahf tps';Fk; thid kW ifahy; gw;wpf; bfhz;L njog; ghh; f;fpDk; mtidf; fhz xz;zhJ vd;W Kd;thpapy; ,iwtidg; gw;wpf; Twg;gl;lJ/ mg;goahdhy; mtd; jd;i kjhd; vd;d> g[tdk; vd;gJ cyfk;/ gtdk; vd;g J mHF ? ,e;j cyfkhfpa xU nfhSld; "hapW. jp';fs;. brt;t ha;. g[jd;. tpahHd;. bts;sp. rdp Mfpa nfhs;fSk; ,d;D k; bgahplg;glhj mstw;w nfhs;fisa[k; jd;Ds; bfhz;lJ Xh; mz;lkhFk;/ ,e;jg; gpug";rj; jpny mz;l btspapny ,';F m';F vd;dhjgo v'; bf';F k; tps';F k; ,iwtDf;F epfh; ntW vtUkpyh;/ mtDf;F epfh; mtnd vd tps';F k; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ mz;l btspapny ehk; fhQqk; bghUl;fis ,uz;L tiffsha;g ; gphpf;f yhk;/ xd;W caph; cs;sit/ kw;bwhd;W caphpy; yhj $lg; bghUl; fs;/ capUs; stw;iw Mz;. bgz; vd ,uz;lhfg; gphpf;fyhk;/ vy; yhg; bghUs;f spnya[k; vy;y h $Pth;fspnya[ k; eP f;fkw ,iwtd; fye;jpUg;gjhy;. ,iwtd;

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MnzhL Mzhf. bgz;nzhL bgz; zhf. mJthfpa $lg; bghUspy; mJthf mtd; tps';Ftjhfg; g[h pe;J bfhs;s KofpwJ/ ,Jtiu njhd;w pa mUshsh;fs; ,iwtid mtd;. mts;. mJ vd;W th;zpj;jpUf;fpd;w hh;f s;/ vy;yhkhf ,iwtd; tps';F fpd; whd; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

cyf epiy KGjhfp M'; fh';F s;s
capuhfp caph;f;Fapuhk; xsp jhdhfpf; fyf epiy mwpahj fhl;rpahfpf; fjpahfp bka; ";"hdf; fz;z jhfp ,yF rpjhfhrkjha;g ; gukhfhr ,ay;ghfp ,iz xd;Wk; ,y; yhjhfp myfpy; mwpthde;jkhfpr; rr;rp jhde;j kakhfp mkh; e;j njnt (jpUtUl;g h 2071) cyf epiy KGjhfp vd;w xU brhw;bwhlnu mtd; vy;yhkhfp tps';Ffpd;w hd; vd;W TWtjhy; ,iwtid M';fh';Fs;s capuhfp vd;Wk; caph;f;Fapuha; tps';F k; mtid. Mz;. bgz; mjhtJ mtd;. mts; vd;Wk; $lkha[k; tps';Ftjhy; mJ vd;Wk; TWtJ bghUe;Jk;/ capUs; stw;wpy; kdpj ,de;jtpu kw;w ,dj; jpid m`wpiz vd;W Twp mtw;i wa[k; mJ vd;W Tw ,yf; fzk; tHp tFg;gjhy; ,iwtd; cah; jpizahfpa Mz; Mft[k ;. bgz; Mft[k; ,Ug;gJld; ML. khL. <. vWk;g[ nghd;w m`wpizahft[ k; ,Ue;J bray;gLfpd;whd;/ ,e;j thpapy; mtid me;j ,iwtid @mtd;@ vd tpspj; J miHf; fg;gLfpwJ/

mz; jptSw;w m z;lj; jpuspd; v';bf';Fk; mtSf;F mtshk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; mtd; vdf; Twg;g l;l thpapy; mts; vdf; Twg;gLfpwhd;/ ,iwtd; (134) ,e; j

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,iwtid mts; vd;W miHg;gjpny MH;e;j bghUs; VnjDk; ,Uf;f yhk;/ mtdhfpa Mz; mwpt[ kakhdhy; mtshfpa jha; fUiz kak;/ mjdhy; ,iwtid mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd;w jpUtUl;gpufhr ts;syhh; mtdJ mUis jdpg;bgU'; fUiz vd;W nghw;Wfpd;w hh;/ ,e;j kz;QqyfhdJ ek;ikj; jh';FtJld; czitj; jUtJld;. jd;idj; jhnd Rw;w pf; bfhs;tjd; K: yk; ,ut[. gfy; Vw;gl itj;J. bghd;ida[ k; bghUisa[ k; ms;spj; je; J mstw;w ed;ikfshy; ek;ik thH itf;f pd;w J/ bghHpfpd;w thdk; bgha;j;j hy; ekf;F thH;ntJ> fhw;W ,t;t[yiftpl;L KGtJkhf tpyfptpLkhdhy; ehk; caph; thH Koahnj/ vt;tsnth bray;ghLfshy; ,aw;ifahdJ ek;i k md;i d nghyf; fhj; J thHitg;gjhy; ,iwtid md; idahf mtshf miHj;Jg; nghw;Wfpd;n whk;/ cUz;L. jpuz;L cUthfpa[s ;s nfhs; fs; ,e; j mz; l btspapy; vt;tst[ ,Uf;fpd;wdnth mitfs; midj;jpYk;. v';bf';Fk; mtSf;F mjhtJ caphpdj;jpd; bgz; jd;ikf;F epfh; mtns vd tps';F fpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp//

kjDw;w mz;l tiug;gpd; v';bf';F k; gU"; mjDf;F mJthk; mUl;bg U";n$hjp
mtSf;F mtshf ,Uf;Fk; ,iwtd; tps';Ftij ,e; j thp Rl; of; fhl;L fpd;wJ/

(136) mJthft[k;

epiybgw;W mHfhf tps';F k; ,e;j mz; l btspapd; vy;iy kl;Lk; ghpg{uzkhf epiwe; J tps';Fk; kf;fs; kl;Lky; yhJ kw;w caphpd';fspYk; $lg; bghUs; fspYk; fye;J epiwe;J mJ vd;gjw;F epfh; mJthfnt cs;sthW tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ vy;yhg; bghUs; fspYk; fye;J mtdpy; mtdhf. mtspy; mtshf. mjdpy; mJthf epiwe;J tps';FtJ mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

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mtDk; mtSk; cUtkhdhy; mJ vd;gJ mUtKk; MfpwJ/ vdnt ,iwtd; cUtkhft[k;. mUtkhft[k ; vg;goa[k; ,Uf;fyhk;/ jdf;bfd totk; VJk; vLj; Jf; bfhs;s hJ. capUs; s. capuw;w vy; yhg; bghUs;fspnya[k; jhd; fye;J epiwe;J tps';Ffpd;w ,iwtid ,e; j thpapy; mJbtdr; Rl;og; nghw;w itf; fpd; wJ/

vg;ghYkha; btspbay;yhk; fle;J nky; mg;ghYk; Mfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(138)

Kd; thpfspy; ,iwtid mtd;. mts;. mJ vd;W mz;lg; gug;gpd; vy; iyf;F s; tps'; Fk; nfhs;fs; kw;Wk; mitfspYs;s capUs;s capuw;w mj; Jizg; bghUl; fspYk; vy;yhtw;wpYk; tps';Fjy; nghw;wg;gl;lJ/ ,e;j thpapy; mz;lg;gug;g [ midj; j pida[k; fle;J mjw;F mg;ghy;. mjw;F mg;ghy; vd; W Twg;gLk; vy;yhk; fle;J. vg;g hYkha;. btspfs; vj;jid cz; nlh. mtw;iwbay;y hk; fle;J mt;btspfl;F k; mg;ghyha; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ ,iwtd; capUs;s $Ptd; fspy; Mzha;. bgz;zha;. capuw;w $lg; bghUl;fspy; mJtha;. mz;l j;jpny mike; Js;s nfhs; fspYk;. mz;l j;jpw;F mg;ghYk; vy;yh tw;wpYk; fye;J epiwe;J tps';Ftjw; F Mjhuk; :

mz;ltif vt;t snth mt;tst[k; mtw;wpy;
mike; j caph; vt;tsnth mt;t st[k; mitfs; fz;l bghUs; vt;tsnth mt;tst[k ; mtw;wpy; fye;j fyg;g[ vt;tsnth mt;tst[k ; epiwe;nj tpz;lFnkhh; ehjbtsp Rj;jbtsp nkhdbtsp "hdbtsp Kjyhk; btspfbsy; yhk; epuk;gpf; bfhz;l Jtha; tps';F fpd; w Rj;j rptkank Fyt[ elj;junr vd; Fw; wKk; bfhz;l Uns/ (jpUtUl;g h 4169)

70

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ty;yjha; vy;yhkhfp vy;yhKk; my;yjha; tps';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd;thpapy; ,iwtd; btspfl;F mjw;fg;ghYk; ,Uf;Fkplk; Twg;gl;lJ/ ,iwtdJ Mw;w y; Twg;gLfpd;wJ/ ,iwtdhy; Mfhj vy;yhk; ty; ytd;/ fhhpak;

(140)

vy;yhk; mg;ghYk;. ,e;j thpapy; me;j ,y;iy/ mtd;

vJt[k;

,iwtd; ,e;jg; gpug";rj; jpy; cs;s capUs; s. capuw; w midj; Jg; bghUs;fspYk; eP f;fkwf; fye;J mtnd vy;yhkhfp tps';FtJ Kd;dhy; tpsf;fg;gl;l J/ mt;thW ePf;fkw v';Fk; vjpYk; epiwe;jpUe;j hYk; mtidf; fhz Koatpy;i y/ vdnt ,iwtd; vjpYk; ,y; yhjJ nghYk; vz;z Kofpd;wJ/ rh;t ty; ygk; bghUe; jpatdhft[k;. vy;yhg; bghUl;f spYk; fye;J epiwe; J tps';Fgtdha[k;. njhw;w kpy; yhky; ,Ug;gjhy; vy;yhg; bghUl;fspYk; mtd; ,y;yhjtdha[k ; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

vg;bghUs; bka;g ; bghUs; vd;gh; bka;fz;nlhh; (142) mg;bghUs; Mfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
Kd; thpfspy; ,iwtd; vy;y hk; ty;ytd; vd;Wk;. v';Fk; epiwe;jtdhdhYk; vjpYk; ,y;y hjtd; nghy; tps';Fgtd; vd;W k; Twg;gl;lJ/ cz;ikiaf; fz;lth;f;F mtDk; bka;g;bghUns vdf; Twg;gLfpd;wJ/ ,e;j cyfpYs;s vy;yhr; rka';f Sk; ,iwtidg; gw;wp vd;d TWfpd;w d vd;W Ma;t[ bra;jhy; ,iwtdpd; tpsf;fk; cUtk;. mUtk;. cUtUtk; vd; w K: d;wpDf;Fs; ml';f ptpLk;/ Mdhy; ,iwtndh cUtk;. mUtk;. cUtUtk; ,it xd;Wky; yhjtd; vdj; jpUtUl;gh TWfpd;wJ/

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cUtha; mUtha; cUtUtha; mit
xd;W ky; yPh; ,';F thhP h; (jpUtUl;gh 4396) me;jptz;zd; vd;Wk;. !;gof tz; z d; vd;Wk;. <L ,iz Tw Koahj xsptotpdd; vd; Wk;. mUtk; jhd; mtd; totk; vd;W k; ,t;thbwy; yhk; ,iwtidg; gw;wpf; TWtnjh btWk; tha;g; ge;jny jtpu cz;ikay; y vd;f pwhh; ts; syhh;/

Va;g; ge;jp tz;z bud;Wk; gof tz;zbud;Wk;
,izapy; xsp cUth; vd;Wk; ,ay; mUth; vd;Wk; tha;g; ge;j y; ,Ltjd;w p cz;ik brhy ty;yhh; kz;zplj;Jk; tpz;zplj;Jk; kw;wplj;Jk; ,iyna fha;g; ge; j kubkd;W fz;L brhy;tjd; wpf; fha;j;j tz;z k; g{j; j tz; zk; fz;L bfhs khl; lhj; jha;g; ge; j czh;t[i lnad; ahndh rpw; rigapy; jdp Kjy;th; jpUtz;zk; rhw;wty;nyd; njhHp/ (jpUtUl;g h 5634) gjpdhW gofSf; fg;ghy; xspahfg; gpufhrpj;J tps';Fk; guk;bghUns vd;dhy; MtJ xd;Wk; cdf; fpy; iy vdpDk; cd;dhy; thGfpd;nwd; vdf;F cz; i k ciuj;j Uns vd;W ntz;Lthh;/

ed; dhY'; fle;nj xsph; "hd rghgjpna
bghd;dhU"; rigaha; mUl; g{uz g[z; zpand vd;dhyhtbjhd;W k; cdf; fpy; iybadpDbke;j ha; cd;dhy; thGfpd; nwd; vdf;Fz;i k ciuj;j Uns (jpUtUl;g h 4262) rhjid gapd;W bka;awpthy; jd;Dns tps';Ffpd;w cz;ikia czh;e; J gpd;dh; ve;jg; bghUis ,Jjhd; bka;g; bghUs; vd;W TWfpd;w hh;f nsh me; jg; bghUshf tps';Ffpd;w mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

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jh';ffpyhz;l ruhru epiy epd;W M';F w tps';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(144)

Kd; thpapy; gpz;l j;jpy; tps';F fpd; w bka;g; bghUs; gw;wpf; Twg;gl;lJ/ ,e;j thpapy; me;j bka;g; bghUs; mz;lj;jpy; vt;t hW tps';Ffpd;wJ vd tpthpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ/ vy;yh mz; l';f isa[k ; mtw;wpYs;s nfhs; fisa[ k;. me;jf; nfhs;fspYs;s mira[ k; bghUl;fshfpa gpz; l';f s; bghUe;j pa $Pt h;fisa[k;. mirahg; bghUl; fshfpa $lg; bghUl;f isa[k ; jh';Ffpd;wJ vJbtdpy; bgU btspna/ ,it midj;J k; me;jg; bgUbtspapny mike;J mitfs; jd;idj; jhnd Rw;w pa[k; kw; w nfhs;fisa[ k; jdf; bfd mikj; Jf; bfhz;L s;s ghij khwhJ mnj ghijapy; Rw;wpa[ k;. epiy khwhJ cs;s ij mwpnthk;/ me;jg; bgUbtspapYk;. mz;l ';fspYKs;s midj;Jg; bghUl;fspYk; epiyahf cs; epd;W rpwg;g[w tps';Ffpd;w mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ (Mjhuk;)

X';F k; gpz;lhz;l'; fs; jh';F k; bgUbtsp
X';F enlrnu thhP h; gh';F bra;tPhp';F thhPh; (jpUtUl;gh 4446)

gpz;l'; fisa[ k; mz;l'; fisa[ k; jh';FtJ bgUbtsp/ me;jg; bgU btspiana ,iwtdhff; fhQqjw;Fhpa Mjhuk;

bka;a[ zh;e ;j thjt{h; kiyiar; Rj;j
btspahf; fpf; fye;Jbfhz;l btspna (jpUtUl;g h 2122)

rj;jh;fs; vy;yhk; jiHj;jpl mfk; g[wj;J (146) mj;jpir tps';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
fhhpa'; fisf; fhhpag;gLj; JtJ rj;j pfs;/ vy;yhf; fhhpa'; fl;Fk; VjhtJ fhuzk; ,Ue;nj Mf ntz;Lk;/ fhuzk; ,y;y hky; fhhpak; ,y; iy/ fhhpaj; ijr; rf;j pfs; vd;W k; mf; fhhpa';fl;F f; fhuzkha[s;sijr; rj;jh; fs;

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vd;W k; tpsf;Ffpd;w hh;f s;/ rj;jh; fshth;/

rj; jpfis

,af;Ftpf;fpd;wth; fs;

bray;ghLfis Mw;Wtpf;Fk; rj; jpfsj; jidf;Fk; mth;fis elhj;Jtpf;Fk; rj;jh;fs; cz;L/ mg;go cs; s vy;yhr; rj; jh;fSk; Fiwtpd;wp brHpj; jpl vy;yhr; rPth;fl;Fk; mfj;n ja[k; g[w j;nja[k; mjhtJ cs; nsa[k ; btspnaa[k ; vy;y hj; jpirfspYk; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

vy; rj;jpfs; vy;yhk; jiHf;f v';bf';F k; mj;jif tps';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(148)

rj;jpfs; vd;gJ bray;ghLfns/ ,aw;i fapd; bray;ghLfs; vJt[k ; vf;fhyj;J k; jilgl;l nj ,y;i y/ g{kp jd;i dj;j hnd Rw;WtJk;. jpdKk; N:hpad; njhd;WtJk;. kiwtJk; ,jdhy; gfy; ,ut[ Vw;gLjYk;. gUtfhyk; jtwhJ kiH bghHptJk;. ,d;Dk; ,J nghd;w gy bray;fs; ,aw;ifapd; bray;f shFk;/ ,e;jr; bray;ghLfs; midj;Jk; jilglhJ X';f p tsh;e;J brHpj;J eilbgw v';bf';F k; mjhtJ bray;ghLfs; eilbgWk; midj;J ,l';fspYk; epiwe;J mt;tr; bray;g hLfshfnt tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : Muzk; vd;gJ ntjk;/ Mfkk; vd;gJ gR E}y;/ ,J fhuzk; MFk;/ ,J fhhpakhFk;/

gjp E}yhfpa ntjk; fhuzkhapw;W gR E}yhfpa Mfkk; fhhpakhapw;W/ rpUl; o epahaj;jpy; rhkhd;a $Ptd; fhuzg;gl tpnrc& $Pt d; fhhpag;gLk; vd;W ek; bgUkhdhh; mUspa[s ;sijf; Th;e;J nehf;Ff/

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Ke;J Wk; Ie;bjhHpy; K:h ;j;jpfs; gyh;f;F k; Ie;bjhHpy; mspf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd;ndhh; tFj;j Ie;bjhHpy;fs; 1/ gilj;j y; 4/ kiwj; jy; 2/ fhj;jy; 5/ mUsy; 3/ mHpj;jy;

(150)

ts;syhh; tFj; j Ie;bjhHpy; fs; 1/ gilj;j y; 2/ fhj;jy; 3/ Fw;w k; ePf ;Ftpj; jy; 4/ gf;Ftk; tUtpj; jy; 5/ tpsf;fk; bra;tpj; jy; Kd;ndhh; tFj;j Ie;bjhHpy; fh;j;j h;f s; 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ 5/ gilj;j y; fhj;j y; mHpj;jy; kiwj; jy; mUsy; ? ? ? ? ? gpUk;kh tpc;&Qq Uj;ud; knf!;tud; rjhrptd;

vj;bjhHpYf;Fk; Kjd;ikahf tps';F tJ nkw;Fwpj;j Ie;bjhHpy; fnsahFk;/ ,j; bjhHpy; fis epfH;j ;Jfpd;w fh;j;j h;fs; mndfuhf ,Ue;J M';fh'; nf bray;gl;Lf; bfhz;o Uf;f pd;w dh;/ ,t;thW tps';Ffpd; w Ie;bjhHpy; K:h;j; jpfs; gyh;f;F k; mtuth;f;Fhpa bjhHpy;fis mspj; J tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Ie;b jhHpy; fh;j ;jh; fs; gyh; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ cUj;jpuh;fs; xU nfho ehuzh; gy; nfho cWgpukh; gy nfho ape;jpuh; gy; nfho bgUj;j kw;i wj; njth; fSk; Kdpth; f Sk; gpwUk; ngrpyee;j'; nfho ah'; fh';n f Toj; jpUj; jKW jpUr;r igapd; gog;g[wj; nj epd;W jpa';Ffpd;whh; el';f hQqk; rpe;ijauhae;njh tUj;jbkhd;W '; fhzhnj ehbdhUj; jpnawp khel'; fhz;fpd;nwbdd; khjte;jhd; bghpnj (jpUtUl;g h 5776)

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bghpjpDk; bghpjha;r; rpwpjpDk; rpwpjha; mhpjpDk; mhpjhk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(152)

ve;jg; bghpa bghUSk; cd;D s; mlf;f k;/ vdnt vjdpDk; bghpa bghUs; ePna/ cd; idtplg; bghpa bghUs; vJt[k; ,y;i y/ vJ bghpanjh mijtplg; bghpaJ eP na/ ve;jg; bghUs; kpf kpfr; rpwpa bghUnsh me;jg; bghUSf;Fs;S k; ePna ,Uf; fpd; wha;/ eP ,y;y hj bghUs; vJt[k; ,y;iy/ ve;jr; rpwpa bghUSf;Fs;nsa[k; ,Uf;Fk; eP rpwpa bghUSf;bfy;yhk; rpwpa bghUs; Mfpwha;/ vdnt cd;id tplr; rpwpa bghUs; vJt[k; ,y;iy/ fpilj; jw;F mhpa bghUnsh cd;idj; jtpu ntwpy;i y/ kw;w vy;y hnk fpilj;jw;F chpaitna/ cd;id miltJjhd; mhpJ mhpJ/ vdnt mhpa bghUs; vJbtd;W fz;lhYk; mijtpl mhpa bghUs; ePna/ ,t;thW bghpa ve;jg; bghUisa[k; tplg; bghpajha[k; rpwpa bghUs; vJnth mijtplr; rpwpa bghUsha[k; mhpa bghUistpl mhpa bghUsha[k; tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ bghpajpDk; bghpaJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :-

ehd; Kfh; fs; kpfg; bghpa uh';fthpw; bghpah;
ehuzh; fs; kw;wth;fs; ehod; kpfg; bghpah; thd;Kfj;j t[ Uj;j puh; fs; kw;wthpw; bghpah; knar;Ruh;fs; rjhrpth;fs; kw; wthpw; bghpah; kPd; Kfj;j tpe; J mjdpy; bghpJ mjdpy; ehjk; kpfg; bghpJ giuajdpd; kpfg; bghpastspd; Md;Kfj;jpw; guk;gue;j hd; bghpj jdpw; bghpjha; MLfpd;w nrto ahuwpthh; fhz; njhHp/ (jpUtUl;g h 5645)

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rpwpajpDk; rpwpaJ vd;g jw;F Mjhuk; :-

rp Ul;o xd;W rpw; wQqtpw; rpwpjjdpw; rpwpJ
rpidj; j fuzf; fUtr; rpidf; fUtpw; rpwpJ btUl;oakhd; mk; khdpw; rpwpJ kjp kjpapd; kpfr; rpwpJ fhl;Lfpd;w tpad;R lbuhd;w jdpy; bjUl;L fpd;w rf; jp kpfr; rpwpjjdpw; nfhoj; jpwj;j pdpnyhh; rpwpjhFk; jpUr;r pw;w k;gyj;nj mUl; owl; odof; fpd; w vd;Dila jiyth; mUl; bgUik vtUiug;ghh; mwpahbad; njhHp (jpUtUl;g h 5644)

mhpajpDk; mhpaJ vd;g jw;F Mjhuk;/
mhpjhfp mhpajpDk; mhpajhfp mehjpaha; Mjpaha; mUsjhfpg; bghpjhfpg; bghpajpDk; bghpajhfpg; ngjkha; mngjkha;g; gpw';f h epd;w fhpjhfp btspjhfpf; fiyfshfpf; fiy fle;j bghUshfpf; fuzhjPj j; bjhpjhd btspeLtpy; mUshk; tz; ikr; brG';f puzr; Rluhfpj; jpfGk; njnt (jpUtUl;g h 2083)

fhl;rpa[k; fhzhf; fhl;rpa[k; mJ jUk; pa[ Ml;rpa [k; Mfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(154)

vy;yhkhf ,iwtd; tps';Ftjhy; g[wj;jpny fhQqfpd;w mj;j id fhl;rpfspnya[k ; mtidna fhz;fpd;nwhk; vd;gnj cz;ik/ gf;jp fhz;ofs; ,iwtid rpiy tot';fspy; fz;L tHpghL bra;th; vd;W k; "hdpfs; mtid v';F k; cghrpg;ghh;f s; vd;Wk; ek; bgUkhdhh; TWth;/ rhpia fphpia Mfpa bewpapy; epw;nghw;Fg; g[w f; fhl;r pahf ,iwtd; tps';Ffpd;whd;/

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nahfk;. "hdk; Mfpa mf tHpghl;L bewpapy; epw;nghh; ,iwtidj; jdf;Fs; ns fhz Kaw; rp bra;t h;/ g[w j;jpny kw;wth; fs; fhz Koahj gy fhl;r pfis mfj;jpny mth;fs; fhQqth;/ ,jidna fhzhf; fhl;rp vd;W bghpnahh; Twpdh;/ me;jf; fhzhf; fhl;rp vt;thwpUf;Fk; vd;d py; guehj epiy mDgtj;jpny mz; l gfpuz; lk; njhw;wwpahg; bgU";n $hjp xd;W k; mjd; eLnt bghd;bdhspa[k ; njhd;Wkhk;/ Koe;j Koghf mg;bghd;bdhspapd; eLnt ,iwtd; brt;bthspahff; fhl;rp mspg;ghdhk;/ ,Jnt fhzhf; fhl;rp/ ,e;jf; fhl;rpiaf; fz;lbgUk; g[z;zpathd;f s; ,iwtidf; fz;L fye;J epw;gth;f s; Mjyhy; ,iwtd; vt;thW Ml;rp bra;f pd;whndh me; j Ml;rpia ,th;f s; bgWtjhy; mJ jUk; Ml;r p vd;W Twpdhh;/ g[wj;jpny fz;zhy; fhz;fpd; w ,aw;i ff; fhl;rpfshft[k;. fz;z hy; fhz KoahJ mfj; jpny njhd;W fpd;w "hd mDgtf; fhl;rpaha[k;. mg;gog;gl;l jtf; fhl;rpapdhy; bgwf; Toa ty;ygkhfpa[k; tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp

"hdf; fhl;rp vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :
thd ehlUk; ehlUk; kd;wpny ta';Fk; "hd ehlff; fhl;rpna ehk; bgwy; ntz;Lk; Cd ehlff; fhl; rpahy; fhyj;i j xHpf;Fk; <d ehlfg; bghpahh; fhs; tk;k pndh <z; n l (jpUtUl;g h 5550)

,d;g [W rpj;jpfs; vy;yhk; g[hpf vd;W md;g [ld; vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; fhzhf; fhl;rpiaa[k; mjd; jhd; bgw;w mUshl;rpiaa[k; tpae;J mUshl;rpapd; gaid ,e;j thpapy; TWfpd;whh;/

(156) tpisthfj; nghw;w pdhh;/

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

fUk ml';Fk;/ 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ mzpkh kfpkh fhpkh yfpkh

rpj;j papy; ? ? ? ?

moapw;

Fwpj;j

ml;lkh

rpj;jpfs;

JUk;ig nkUthf;Ffpd;wJ nkUitj; JUk;ghf;F fpd; wJ nkUit xd;Wkpy;yhky; bra;fpwJ xd;W kpy; yhj ,lj; jpy; mndf'; fshfr; bra;fpwJ 5/ gpuhj; jp ? ntz;Ltij miljy; 6/ <rj;Jtk; ? Fspif ty;ygj; jhy; v';Fk; bry;YtJ 7/ gpuhfhkpak; ? gufhag; gpuntrk; 8/ trpj;Jtk; ? vGtifg; gpwtpahfpa njt. khDc;&a. euf. kpUf. gl;rp. Ch;t d. tpUl;r k; Kjypatw; iwj; jd; trg;gLj; JtJ/ nahfrpj;jp "hdrpj;jp ? 64 rpj; jpfisa[k; jd; Rje;juj; jpy; elj;JtJ ? 64000 rj;jpfisa[ k; jdJ Rje;j uj;jpy; elj;JfpwJ/ 647 nfhoahfpa kfh rpj;jp fisa[k; jd; dpc&;l k; nghy; elj;J fpwJ/

(Mjhuk; 130 ? K:tifr; rpj; jp ciueil gf; 334) rpj;jpfs; vt;tsthf ,Ue;jhYk; gpw $Pth;fl;F ,d;gk; mspf; fpd; w rpj;jpfs; midj; jpida[ k; eP g[h payhk; vd;W md;g[l d; vd;id MrP h;tjpj;J mUs;g [hpe;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

,wth tukspj;J vd;id nknyw;wpa mwthHpahk; jdp mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,d;g[W rpj;jpfs; g[ hpa ,iwtd; Mizapl;l J thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ. mjw;F mtd; mspj;j ghpR vd;d>

(158) Kd;

vd;iwf;Fk; mHpnt ,y;y hj kuzkpyhg; bgU thH;it mspj; jnjhld;w p ,Jtiu ahUk; fz;lwpahj "hd mDgtj;jpy; vd;id nknyw;wpa fUizf; flyhk; xg;gw;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

79

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ts;syhh; ,wth tuk; bgw; wjw;F Mjhuk; :-

fhw; whny g[tpahny ffdkjdhny
fdyhny g[dyhny fjpuhjpahny Tw;whny gpzpahny bfhiyf; fUtpahny nfhshny gpwtpaw;Wk; bfhL"; bray;f shny ntw;whny v";"hd;Wk; mHpahnj tps'; Fk; bka;aspf;f ntz;Lbkd;nwd; tpiue; jspj;jhbddf;n f Vw;whny ,Hpbtd ePh; epidahjP h; cyfPh; ve;ij mUl;bgU";n$hjp ,iwtidr; rhh;tP nu (jpUtUl;g h 5450) kw;wth; fs; bgwhj mDgtj; ij ts;s yhh; bgw; whh; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :

cUj;jpuh;fs; xU nfho ehuzh; gy; nfho
cWgpukh; gy nfho ape;jpuh; gy; nfho bgUj;j kw;i wj; njth; fSk; Kdpth; f Sk; gpwUk; ngrpyde;j'; nfho M';f h';n f Toj; jpUj; jKW jpUr;r igapd; gog;g[wj; nj epd;W jpa';Ffpd;whh; el';f hQqk; rpe;ijauhae;njh tUj;j bkhd;W '; fhzhnj ehbdhUj; jp Vwp khel'; fhz; fpd; nwd; vd; khj te;j hd; bghpnj/ (jpUtUl;g h 5776)

ehde;jkpy;yh eyk; bgw vdf;nf Mde;jk; ey;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(160)

Kd; thpapy; ,wth tuk; bgw; w epiy Twg;gl; lJ/ ,e;j thpapy; Kotpy;yh ed; ik bgw;w J Twg;gLfpd;wJ/ ,Jtiu te;j Md;kPf thjpfs; midtUk; xUkpj;Jj; bjhptpj;j fUj; J xd;W cz;L/ mJ vd;dbtdpy; ahuhapUe; jhYk; vd;whtJ xU ehs; ,we;nj jPu

80

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

ntz;Lk; vd;gJjhd;/ njhd;w paJ kiwa[k; vd;Wk;. Muk;g k; vd;W xd;W ,Ue; jhy; Kot[ vd;W xd; W cz;L vd;Wk; Twp itj;jhh;fs;/ Mdhy; ek; bgUkhdhh; xUth; kl;Lnk gpwe;jhy; ,we;nj jPu ntz;L k; vd;w mtrpak; ,y; iy vd;W nghjpj; jhh;/ mnjnghy Kot[ vd;gnj ,y;y hj ed;ikia ehd; miltjw;F vdf;nf Mde;jj;ij mspj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Kotpy;y hj epiy bgw;whh; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; ::

MLfpd;w nrtof;nf Mshndd; khshj ahf;i f bgw;nwd;
TLfpd;w rd; khh; f;f r';f j;nj eLtpUe;J Fyht[fpd;nwd; ghLfpd;n wd; ve;i j gpuhd; gjg; g[fiH md;gpbdhLk; ghog;gho ePLfpd; nwd; ,d;g f; Tj;jhLfpd;n wd; vz;zk; vyhk; epuk;gpndnd (jpUtUl;gh 5445)

vz;z pa vz;zpah';F ,aw;W f vd;bwid (162) mz;z p cs; X';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kont ,y;yhj eyj;ijj; jhd; bgw; w ij Kd; thpapy; mwptpj;jhh;/ ,e;j thpapy; vz;z paijr; rhjpf;Fk; jpwd; bgw;wij vLj; Jf; fhl;Lfpd;w hh;/ epidj; jijf; Tw ntz;Lk;/ Twpaijr; bra;a ntz;Lk;/ mjhtJ epidj; jnj bray;gl ntz;L k;/ ,ijj;j hd; jphpfuz Rj;jp vd;ghh; fs;/ kdk;. thf;F. fhak; Mfpa K: d;W k; xd;Wf; bfhd;W khWglhky; bray;gLtJ/ (ehd;) epidj;jij epidj;jthW bray;gLj;Jf vd MrPh;tjpj;J vidaile; J vd;Ds; ns X'; fp tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ ,iwtd; tUtjw;F k; epidj;jij mt;thnw

81

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bray;gLj; Jtjw;F k; Mjhuk; :-

Kd; ghl;Lf; fhiyapny tUFth; vd; fzth;
nkhrkpiy nkhrbkd bkhHpfpd; whh; bkhHpf gpd; ghl;L f; fhiyapny epidj;jbtyh Koa[k; gprfpiy ,k; bkhHp rpwpJk; gprfpiy ,t;t[yfpy; Jd;ghl;L r; rpw;w pdj; jhh; rpWbkhHp nfl; Lse; Js';nfy; ek; khspifiar; N:H my'; fhpg;gha; jd; ghl;Lj; jpUg;bghJtpy; elj;jpiwth; Miz rj;jpak; rj;jpak; khnj rj;jpak; rj;jpank (jpUtUl;g h 5706)

nkapid bka;g ;bghUs; tps';fpid eP mJ (164) Mapid vd;wUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vz;zpaijr; bray;gLj;Jf vd ,iwtd; mUspaij Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ/ vt;thW me;epiy bgw Koa[ k ; vd;gJ ,t;thpapy; Twg;gLfpd; wJ/ xU g[j;jfj;ijg; gof; f ntz;Lkhdhy; fz;f spny ghh;f;Fk; jpwdhfpa xsp ,Uf;f ntz; Lk;/ g[wj;jpnya[ k; xsp ,Uf;f ntz;Lk;/ g[wj;j pny ,Us; ,Ue;j hy; vt;ts[t[ jhd; fz;izj; jpwe;J ghh;j ;jhYk; gof; f ,ayhJ/ mt;thnw g[wj;jpny xsp ,Ue; J fz; zpny ghh;it xsp ,y;iyahdhYk; gof;f ,ayhJ/ mJnghy ve; jf; fhhpak; epiwntw ntz;LkhdhYk; $Pt Kaw;rpa[k ; ,iw mUSk; xd;W nru ntz;Lk;/ mt;thW xd; Wglhj nghJ fhhpak; epiwntWtjpy;iy/ gd;dpuz;lhz;L Kaw;rpapy; <Lgl;lhh;/ Mz;ltd; Twpdhd;/ bjhl'; fp ek;bgUkhdhh; btw;w p fz; lhh;/ ,ij "hd tpae;J

ePna ed; Kaw;rpia nkw;bfhz;lha;/ bka;g; bghUs; vJ vd;W ed;F mwpe;J bfhz;lha;/ gpd;dh; me;j bka;g;bghUshf ePna Mfptpl;lha; vd;w Us; mUl; bgU";n $hjp.

82

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

cyfhajg; bghUbsy;yhk; mHpa[k; jd;ik cilaJ/ bka;g; bghUs; vJ> rptnk bghUshFk;/ mij ts; syhh; mwpe; J bfhz;lhh;/ gpd; dh; mth; rptj;ij mile;jhh;/ Kothf mtnu rptk; Mdhh;/ rptnk bghUbsd;W mwpthy; mwpe;n jd; /

,dpa vz;z pw; brGe;njd; ,dpa bjs; mKbjd (166) mz;z pj; jpdpf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
jhnd rptj;i j mwpe; J jhnk rptkhdJ Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ me; j mDgtk; vg;go ,Uf;Fk;> ey;y brGikahd njidr; Ritj;j hy; me;j ,dpg;g [ vt;thW ,Uf;Fnkh mt;t hW ,dpikahd rpwg;ghd mKjk; vd;d Ritahf ,Uf;Fnkh mt;thW me;j ,iwtid epidj;jhy; vz;zpdhy; kpf kpfr; Ritahf ,dpf; fpd;wnj/ vz;Qqfpd;nwd; vz;Qqbjhbwd; vz;z bkyhe; jpj;jpf;f ez;Qqfpd;w bjd; g[fy; ntd; ehdpyj;j P h; ? cz;Qqfpd;w cs;sKnjh ehd;w hd; c"w;W jtj;j hy; fpilj;j bjs;sKnjh mk;g ytd; rPh;/ vz;Qqfpd;w njhWk; ey;y brGe;n jidr; nghy. ey;y rpwg;ghd mKij cz; lJ nghyf; ,dpg;igj; jUfpd;w mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ Ritg;gJ Fiwahj

rpe;ijapy; Jd;bghHp rptk; bgWf vdj;bjhHpy; (168) Ie;ija[k; vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,iwtid vz;Qqk;nghnj vt;t hbwy;yhk; ,d;gk; njhd;W fpd;wbjd Kd; thpapy; Twg; gl;lJ/ mg;gog;g l;l kdjpny Jd;g k; njhd;Wkh> rpe;ijapny. kdjpny. vz; zj;j pny Jd;gk; njhd;whJ xHpj;JtpL ? m';n f rptkhfpa bghUis kl;Lk; epWj;J vd

83

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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thf;fspj;J Ie; bjhHpy;j hd; ,e;j thpapy;/

bgw

,iwtid

thH;j ;Jfpwhh;

,iwtidg; gw;w pa vz;z'; fs; jtpu kw;w it midj; Jk; Jd;gk; jUgditna/ Jd;gk; tpistpf; fpd; w mj;Jiz vz;z ';fisa[k; rpe;ijapypUe;J mfw;wptpL thahf/ mj;j Uzk; rptj; ij milf vdf; Twpg; gilj;jy;. fhj;jy;. JhpR ePf;Ftpj;jy;. gf;Ftk; tUtpj;jy;. tpsf;f k; bra;tpj; jy; Mfpa Ie;bjhHpy; fisa[k; vdf;F mUSf mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ CiH ahuhYk; bty;y KoahJ/ mDgtpj;n j jPu ntz;Lk; vd;ghh;f s;/ Mdhy; ek; bgUkhdhnuh ,iwtid mile; j cs;sk; CiH mfw;Wk; vd;f pwhh;/

CiH mfw;w cstwpahg; bgha;a d; ,td;
gPiH kdk; ek;ikg; bgwhj kd';bfhoa jhiH vd vz;zp vd;i dj; js;s p tpl;lhbyd; bra;ntd; ViH ehd; xw;wp vGj;jwpa[k; bgUkhnd (jpUtUl;g h 746)

v';bf';fpUe;J aph; VnjJ ntz;oDk; m';f';fpUe;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(170)

Ie;bjhHpy; g[ hpa[k ; Mw; wy;tiu jdf;F ntz;oaij ,iwtdplk; nfl;lJ Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ jhd; bgw;w ngW ,t;t[yfk; bgWjy; ntz;Lk; vd; w gue;j kdk; cila ek; bgUkhdhh; vy; yh caph; fl;Fk; ntz;Ltij ,e;j thp czh;j; Jfpd;wJ/ ehd; jpUg;gjpf;Fg; nghndd;/ ehd; K:d ;W Kiw rghpkiyf;Fg; eP';fptpl;l J/ ehd; jpUes; shW gpoj;jpUe;j rdp tpyfp tpl;lJ/ te;njd; vd; kfSf;F j; vd; tWik eP ';fptpl;lJ/ nghndd; vd;Dila neha; ngha; te;njd;/ vd;idg; ehd; jpUkz"; nrhp ngha; jpUkzk; Mfptpl;lJ/

84

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,g;gobay;y hk; kf; fs; ngRtij cz;ikjhdh> flt[s; ,g;gor; kl;Lk; ,Ue;J bfhz;L m';F bfhs;Sk; gf;j h;fl;F kl;Lk; jhd;

ehk; mwpnthk;/ ,itfs; rpyr; rpy nT&j;jpu';fspy; te; J gpuhh;j ;jid bra;J mUs; ghypg;g huh>

,Jtiu te; j mUshsh;fs; m'; fp'; b fdhjgo v';Fk; epiwe; jtd; ,iwtd; vd; bwy; yhk; Twpdhh; fns mJ cz;ikay;yth> vy;yh caph;fspDs;Sk; ,iwtd; vy;yh caph; fSk; mtDs; ,Uf;fpd;wd/ Mjhuk; ,Uf; fpd; whd;/

capUs; ahk; vk;Ks; caph; ,it czh; e;nj
caph; eyk; gut[f vd;Wiuj;j bka;r; rptnk (mfty; thp 974) vy;yh caph; fSk; ,iwtDk; jdpj; jdpahf ,y;i y/ vdnt ,iwtidg; gpuhh; j;jid bra;tjw;fhfj; jdpahf Xhplk; njog; nghf ntz;oa mtrpak; caph; fl;F ,y;iy/ vdnt ve; bje; j ,lj; jpypUe;J ve;b je;j caph; vd; bdd; d ntz;og; gpuhh;j ;jid bra;fpd;wdnth ,iwth eP m';n fna ,Ug;gjhy; me;jf; fznk me; j caph;fspd; ntz;LjYf;fpu';fp mUs;g[ hpthahf mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : caph;fs; v';fpUe;J nfl;l hYk; vd;d nfl;l hYk; mg;nghnj m';nfna je;JtpL vd; W vy;yh caph;fl;fhft[k; ,iwtid ts;syhh; ntz;Lfpd;whh;/ (jpUtog; g[fH;r;r p)

vt;tz;zk; ntz;L fpDk; mt;t z;zk;
md;nw ,u';fp <e;j USk; gjk;

85

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rf Kjy; g[wg;g [wk; j';fpa mfg;g [wk; mfk; g[wk; Kw;W khk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(172)

caph;fs; v';f pUe; J nfl; lhYk; m';nfna ,Ue;J mUs; g[hpa[ khW ,iwtid ntz;oaJ Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ ,e; j thpapy; flt[s ; fhhpag;gLk; ,l'; fisj; bjhptpf;fpd;whh;/ flt[s; fhhpag;gLk; ,l';fs; gpz;lj; jpy; ehd;F MFk;/ mitahtd. mz;lj;jpy; mfk; ? mf;fpdp mfg;g[wk; ? N:hpad; g[wk; ? re;jpud; g[wg;g[wk; ? el;rj; jpu';fs; mz; lj;jpy; ? ? ? ? ? ehd;F.

gpz;lj; jpy; Md;kh $Ptd; fuzk; ,e;jphpak;

,e;j cyfpny epiybgw;W tps';F fpd;w mf;f pdp. N:hpad;. re;jpud;. el;r j;jpu';fs; Mfpa ehd;f py; mz;lj;jpYk;. Md;k h. $Ptd;. fuzk; (kdk;. g[j;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';f huk;. cs;sk;) ,e;jphpa';f s; (bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f;F. brtp) tiu gpz;lj; jpYk; KGtJkhf epiwe; J tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ ,e;j mfty; thpapd; tpsf;f khfj; jpUtUl;ghtpy; gy ghf;fs; ,Ue;j hYk;. kfhnjt khiy 11tJ ghl;L Xh; cjhuzkhff; bfhs;sg;gLfpd;w J/

mz;l ';fs; gythfp mtw;wpd; nkYk;
msthfp msthj mjPj khfpg; gpz;l'; fs; mde;j tifahfpg; gpz;l k; gpw';Ffpd;w bghUshfpg; ngje;n jhw;Wk; gz;l';f s; gythfp ,tw;iwf; fhf;Fk; gjpahfp Mde; jk; gGj;Jr; rhe;jk; bfhz;b l';Fk; epHy; gug;gpj; jiHe;J "hdf; bfhG'; flt[ s; jUthfpf; Fyt[k; njnt (jpUtUl;g h 2081)

86

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rpfuKk; tfuKk; nrh; jdp cfuKk; mfuKk; Mfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(174)

v';bf';fpUe;J caph; fs; vij vij ntz;odhYk; m';f';fpUe;J mUSkhW Kd; thpapy; ,iwtid n;tz;odhh;/ ,e;j thpapy; nkw;b fhz;L tpsf;f k; tUfpwJ/ rp t c m : : : : v';Fk; epiwe;jJ. mdhjpaha; kykpy;y hjJ vy;yhk; ty; yJ rh;t ty;yika[ilaJ guk;bghUs; $Ptd;

v';Fk; epiwe;jjha[k;. mdhjpaha; kykpy; yhjjha[k;. vy;yhk; ty;yjha[k;. rh;t ty;yika[i lajha[k;. xg;gw;w guk; bghUsha[ k;. $Pt dha[k ; Mfp tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : rp ? t ? vd;gjd; bghUs; jpUtUl;gh ciueilapy; ek; bgUkhdhh; mUspaJ/ c ? vd;gJ guk; bghUs;/ m ? vd;gJ $Ptd; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

mfhuk; capnu cfhuk; gunk
kfhuk; kykha; tU Kg;gjj;jpy; rpfhuk; rptkha; tfhuk; totkha; mfhuk; capbud;W miwaYkhnk (jpUke; jpuk;)

cgur ntjpapd; cgaKk; guKk; mguK khfpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
cg urntjp ? ,uz;L ? itj;jpa Kg;g{ ? thjKg;g{ ?

(176)

itj;jpa Kg;g{

,e; j Kg;g{ iftug; bgw;why; ,jpy; xU Jsp kUe;Jld; nrh;f; f me;j

87

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kUe;j pd; rf;jpahdJ kl';F bgUFk;/ thjKg;g{ ?

gy

Mapuk;

,e;j Kg;g{ iftug; bgw;why; ,jpy; xU Jsp ve;j cnyhfj; jpd; kPJ bjspj; jhYk; me; j cnyhfk; j';fkhf khWk;/ mguk; mDgt "hdk;

guk; rh!;jpu "hdk;

rpj;j itj;j pah;f spy; bgUk;ghnyhh; K:ypiffisf; bfhz;L my;Yk; gfYk; mUk;ghLgl;L ur thjj; jpy; <Lgl;L miye;J bfhz;o Uf; fpd;whh;fs;/ Mdhy; "hdpfl;nfh mth;fs; Mw;Wk; jtj;jpd; Mw; wyhy; mth;fs; ifgl;lhny ve;j neha[k; FzkhFk;/ mth; fs; bjhl;l bjy; yhk; j'; fkhf khWk;/ ,g;gog;gl;l mw;g [j rpj;jpfisj; jtj; jhy; "hdpfs; milfp;d ;whh;fs;/ ek; bgUkhdhUk; xU fojj;jpy; j';fk;. bts;s p ciuf;f pd;w ciufy; Yk; 8 gyk; epWf;ff; Toa juhRk; mjw;F hpa vil fy;Yk; mDg;gpitf;F khW nfl; oUg;gnj nghJkhd rhd;whFk;/ itj;jpa Kg;g{tpd; Fzkhfpa neha; jPh;f;F k; gadha[ k ; thjKg;g{tpd; Fzkhfpa cnyhfk; vija[k; bghd;dhf;Fk; Mw;wyha[k;. rh!;j; jpu "hdkhfpa[k ; gpd;dh; njhd;Wk; mDgt "hdkha[ k; tps';Ffpd;w mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

ke;jzk; ,Jbtd kWtpyh kjpahy; me;jzh; tGj;J k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ke;jzk; kW me;jzh;

(178)

? ,ufrpak; ? Fw;wk; ? ntjpah; ? mwtHp epw;nghh; ? ePjp jtwhJ elg;nghh;

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,urntjpiag; gw;w p Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ/ bra;Kiwia midtUk; mwpe;J bfhz;lhy; midtUk; rpwe;j kUj;Jth; fsha[ k; bgUe;j dte;juha[ k; tps';f yhnk/ btspg;gilahfg; nghjpg;gJ my;y/ mJ ,ufrpak; vd;f pwhh; ,e;j thpapy;/ rh!;j; jpu "hdk;. mDgt "hdk; vd; Wk; Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ ntj';fs; rh!;j ;jpu'; fs; Kjypabty;y hk; ,iwtidg; gw;w pa cz;ikia btspg;gilahf tpsf;fpf; Twhky; me;jf; Tl; lj;j hh; kl;Lnk czh;e ;J bfhs;SkhW FGcf; Fwpahff; Twpa[ s;sjhy; ,iw cz;ikahdJ ,Jtiu ,ufrpakhfnt kiwf; fg;gl;Ls;s J/ fhkf; Fnuhj'; fs; Kjypa Fw;w'; fs; ,y; yhJ mwtHp epd;W thGk; "hdpfs; cz;ikia czh;e; jpUe; Jk; g[ wKfkhfr; brhy;y hky; nghw;WkhW tps';Ffpd; w mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : rhj;jpu';f s; ,iw cz;ikiag; g[wKfkhff; Twhky; cz;ikia kiwj;J r; N:jhfnt Twpa[s; sd vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

rhj; jpu';fbsy;yhk; jLkhw;w k; brhy;t jd;wp
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ntjhfk';f bsd;W tPz; thjkhLfpd; wPh ;
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vk;g [a f; fdpbad vz;Q qthh; ,ja mk;g [a j;jkh;e;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(180)

ifapy; gHk; ,Uf;F nkahdhy; vg;nghJ njitg;gLfpd;wnjh mg;nghJ thapy; nghl;Lr; Ritf;fyhk;/ ,iwtid ek; cs;s';ifapy; cs;s fdpbad ahh; czh;e ;J vz;Qqfpd;whh;fnsh mth;f sJ ,jakhfpa jhkiuapy; mkh;e ;JtpLfpwhd;/ mt;thW mkh;e;J s;s mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

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broaWj;nj jpl njfKk; nghfKk; moaUf;nf jUk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(182)

moahh; fl;F Kjypy; njhd;Wfpd;w Jd;g';fs; mWe; J nghFk;/ mj; Jld; nehaw; w. typik kpf;f njfk; bgWth;/ mj;Jld; ,d;g'; fs; mile;J Mde;j khd thH;t[k; bgWth;/ Jd;g';f is mWj; J. Mde;j';fisa[k; moahh;fl;F j; Mz;ltnu/ typt[s; s njfj;ija[k ; jUfpd;w mUl;bgU";n$hjp

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Fwpg;g[ :

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,iwtid v$khddhff; moikahfg; ghtpj;J tz';F nthiu (Mjhuk;)

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rhpia. fphpia Mfpa g[wtHpghl;oy; <LgLnthh; moahh; vd Kd; thpapy; vLj;J f; fhl;lg;gl; lJ/ nahfk;. "hdk; Kjypa mf tHp ghl;oy; cs;n shh; md; gh; Mth;/ (Mjhuk;)

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rpwg;ng/ nehaw; w thH;t [ fpl;L nkahdhy; mJt[k; rpwg;ng/ rpwg;g[fs; vt;tsnth cs;sd/ midj;jpida[k; brhy;y p KoahJ/ cz;i kapy; rpwg;ghdJ vd; W xd;W ,Uf;Fkhdhy; mJ ,iwtnd/ ,iwtidtplr; rpwg;g hdJ vJt[k; ,y;i y/ ve;jg; bghUSk; Muk;gj;jpy; g[jpajhfj; jplkhf ,Uf;Fk;/ fhyg; nghf;fpy; mJ iee;J nghtjhnyh. Mw;wiy ,Hg;gjhnyh. nja;e; J nghtjhnyh vf; fhuzj;jhnyh g[Jikia ,He;J tpLfpd;wJ/ vf;fhuzj;jhYk;. vf;fhyj;Jk; jd; epiy ,Hf; fhJ vd;Wk; g[jpajhf xd;W ,Uf;Fbkd;why; ,iwtd; jtpu ntW vJt[k; ,y;iy/ vd;iwf;Fk; ,iwikna g[j paJ/ g[ijbghUs; Muha;r; rpahsh;fs; giHa fhyj;Jg; gHikahd gy bghUl; fisg; g{kpapypUe;J njhz;o vLf;fpd;whh;fs;/ ve;j Mz; oy; vGjg;gl;lJ vd;nw Tw Koahj kpf kpfg; gHikahd rpwg;ghd E}y;fSk; cs; sd/ cyfpy; njhd; wpa vJt[k ; ,e;j cyif tplg; gHikahdJ my;y/ ,e;j cyfk; giHaJ vd;why; mijtplg; gHikahdJ N: hpad;/ ,iwtndh mjw;Fk; gHikahdtd;/ vija[k; tplg; giHaJ ,iwtnd/ midth; f;Fk; bghJthdjhft[k ; vija[k;tplr; rpwg;ghdJk; vija[k; tplg; g[JikahdJk;. vija[ k; tplg; giHikahdjhft[ k;. ve;jg; bghUl;fs; ,g;gobay;y hk; ,Uf;f pd;wdnth (my;yJ) fUjg;gLfpd;wdnth mt;tg;bghUshfnt tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n$hjp/

nrjdg; bgUepiy jpfH; jUk; xUgiu Mjdj;J X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(188)

nrjdk;/ ; mirt[ ? ,af;fk;/ gpwj;jy;. thH;j y;. ,wj;jy;. kP z;Lk; gpwj;jy; Kjypa ,af;f ';fs; cyfk; njhd;w pa me;ehs; Kjy; ,e;ehs;t iu kl;Lkpd;wp ,dptUk; ehl;fspYk; ,iltplhJ epfH;e;J bfhz;n l ,Ug;g jhy; (caphpd';fs;) Xuwpt[s; s jhtuk; Kjy; Mwwpt[s ;s kdpjh;tiu

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ve;jf; fhyj; Jk; mHpt[whJ caphpd'; fs; ,Ue; J bfhz; nl ,Uf;f pd;wd/ caphpd';fs; kl;Lkh ,a';fpf; bfhz;o Uf;f pd;w d> capuw; w $lg; bghUs;f shfpa cyfk; N:hpaidr; Rw; wp tUtJld; jd;i dj; jhnda[k; Rw; wpf; bfhs;f pd;w J/ nfhilapy; bta;apYk;. khhpf; fhyj; jpy; kiHa[k;. gdpf; fhyj;jpy; gdpa[k; jtwhJ ,a';F fpd; wJ/ cyfk; jd;idj;jhnd Rw;Wtjhy; ,ut[ gfYk;. N:hpaidr; Rw;W tjhy; fhy';f spy; khw;wKk; Vw;gLfpd;wd/ caphpd';fspy; Mz; bgz; vd ,Utif njhw;Wtpj;J mt;tpd';fspd; rpUc;&oa[k;. fhyr; rf;fuj;jpd; RHw;r papy; mt;t[aphpd'; fspd; fpukkhd mHpita[k;. mt;t[a phpd';fspd; ,ilg;gl;l thH;tpy; gytpjkhd Vw;wj; jhH;t [fisa[k ; cz;lhf;fp ,g;gog;gl;l ,af; f';f s; vd;Wk; epd;WtplhJ epfH;f pd;w bgUepiyf;F K:y k; vd khia vd;w xd;iwr; bray;gLj; jp. me;j khiaf;Fj; jhd; trg;glhJ mijj; jd; fP H; mlf; fp mijna jdf;F Mjdkhff; bfhz;L X';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : cyFaph;f s;. khiaapd; Ml;rpf;Fl;gl; L mjdhy; Ml;o itf; fg;gLtjhy; njhd;wp. thH;e;J. kiwe;J bfhz;L s;sd/ Xh; Mz; xU bgz;iz tpUk;g[tJk;. xU bgz; Xh; Miz tpUk;g[tJk; mJ kdpjh;kl;Lkpd;wp gwitfs; kpUf';f s; vJthapDk; Mz; bgz; fth;r;r p Vw;g l khiana fhuzkha[s;s J/ guk; bghUnsh ,e;j khiaf;F cl;glhJ. mjd; trg;glhJ. mijj; jd; fPH; mlf;f pitj; jpUg;gjhy; vd;Wk; mirahJ mHpahJ tps';Ffpd;wJ/ kapy; khia ? KUfd; "hdk;/

Mjhuk;

"hdkhfpa KUfd; khiaahfpa kapiyj; jd; fPH ; mlf;f p mjidj; jdJ Mrdkhf;fpf; bfhz; oUf; fpd; whd;/

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eluhrnuh Kayfidj; jd; fP H; kpjpj;J mtd; kPJ xU fhiy Cd; wp epd;W bfhz;L Ie;bjhHpy;fis ,aw;W fpd; whuhk;. Mjdk; ,Uf; if guk;bghUSf;F khiana ,Uf;i fahk;

Xkaj; jpUt[U ctg;g [ld; mspj;bjdf;F Mkaj; jil jtph; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Xkaj;jpUt[U Mkaj; jil gR $Ptd; Md;kh rptk; = = = = = = gpuzt totk; M = gR Ie;Jky';fs; cilaJ K:d;W ky';fs; cilaJ xU kyk; cilaJ kykpy; yhjJ

(190)

X';fhu totkhfpa gpuzt toit kfpH;t[l d; vdf;fspj;J Mztk;. khia. fd;k k; . khkhia. jpnuhij Mfpa Ie;J ky';f shYk; vdf;F Vw; gLfpd;w jilfisj; jtph;j; J mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu thH;tspg;gP uhf/ Fwpg;g[ : Kd; thpapy; khiaapd; Ml; rpf;Fl;g l;L caphpd';fs; njhd;wp thH;e ;J kiwe; J caphpd ,af;fkhdJ bjhlh;e; J eilbgWfpd; w nguhw;wy; Twg;gl;lJ/ ,e; j thpapy; khah ky';fshy; Vw;gLfpd;w jilfs; eP'; fpag; gpuzt totkhfpa X';fhu toitg; bgWjy; ntz;Lbkdf; Fwpf;fg;gl;lJ/ X';fhu toitg; bgWfpd;w jUzj; jpy;j hd; midj;J ky';fSk; monahnl xHpa[k;/ filrpahf tpyFtJ K:y kykhfpa Mzt kynk/ gpuzt totk; bgWk;nghJ ,Wjpahf cs;s ,e;j Mzt kyk; xHpa[khk;/

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vg;g o vz;z paJ vd; fUj;J ,';bfdf;F n$hjp/ (192) mg;g o mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
vg;gobay;y hk; eP mUs vz;zpndndh mg;gobay;yhk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[/ ; ntz;L k; vd vd; ,';n fna vdf;F kdjpy; mUspa

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Jd;bgyhk; jPh;e ;jd Rfk; gypj; jJ epidr;
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vj;jif tpiHe;jd vd; kdk; ,';F vdf;F mj;jif mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp (194)
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nehthJ nehd;g[ vidg;nghy; nehw;wtUk; v";"hd;Wk;
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,isahtif ,';F wj; jphpe;J csk; ,isahtif vdf;F (196) m';ifapw; fdpahk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
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mt;thnw cd; mUl;grp njhd;Wk; nghbjy;yhk; cd; mUis mg;nghnj ehd; mila[khW vd; cs; s';ifapy; cs;s gHk; nghy tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Fwp;g;g[ : moahh; fs; midtUk; gyg;gy jy';fl;Fr; brd;W ghkhiyfs; rhj;j p ,iwtHpghL bra;jdh;. Mdhy; ,iwtndh ts;syhiuj; njo mth; ,Ue;j Foirf;nf te; J mtUld; fye;jhdhk; (Mjhuk;)

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ghUag; g[hpbfdg; gzpj;bjdf;fUsp vd; MUaph; MUaph ;f;F s; xsph; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(198)

Kd; thpapy; ,iwtd; jhnd te;J jd;i d Ml;bfhz;lJ bjhptpf;fg;gl;l J/ jd;id Ml;b fhz; lJ vjw;fhf vd ,t;thpapy; bjhptpf; fpd; whh;/ cyfj;J caph;fs; midj; Jk; ey;thH;t[ bgw;W ca;a[khW g[h pthahf vd vdf;F Mizapl;L. mt;thW g[hptjw;F hpa mUisa[k; bfhLj;J vd; ,dpa caphpDs; xsp tpl;Lg; gpufhrpj;Jf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;w mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu/

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njtpa[w;W xsph; jU jpUt[Ut[ld; vdJ Mtpapw; fye;bjhsph; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
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(200)

fye; J tps';Ffpd;w fyf;f ntz;L k; vd

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(202)

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(204)

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(206)

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(210)

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(3691)

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(212)

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(214)

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(216)

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(222)

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107

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(230)

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(232)

,we;jth; kPs ;tjpy;iy vd;gJ xU bghJthd cz;ik/ "hdpfshy;. mUs; bgw;w rpj;j h;fshy; ,we;njhiu vGg;g ,aYk;/ irt rkaj;jpy; jpUeht[ f;f urh;. jpU"hdrk;ge;j h;. Re;juK:h;j ;jp ehadhh; Mfpa K:tUnk ,we;jhiu vGg;gpa[s; sdh; vdg; bghpa g[ uhz E}y; TWfpd; wJ/ ,we;njhh; kPs tUtJ v';f hapDk; cz;lh vd;W KobtLg;gJ cyfpayhh; ,ay;g[/ Mdhy; ,we;jtiu kPz;Lk; caph; bgw;W tutiHf;ff; Toa bewp xd;W mspj;J ,jd; cz;i kia Ma;t[ bra; jpL vd;W ciuj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : ,we;jhiu vGg;g[k ; Mw;wiy ts;syhh; bgw;w jw;F Mjhuk;

J";rhj epiy xd;W Rj;j rd;khh;f; f r;
N:Hypy; cz;lJ brhy;ystd;nw v";rhj mUshny ahd; bgw;Wf; bfhz; nld; ,we;jhiubay;yhk; vGg;g [jy; ty;n yd; tp";rhj mwpthny njhHp eP ,';nf ntJbra; kuzj;Jf; bfJ bra;nthbkd; nw m";rhky; vd;n dhnl Mnlo ge;J mUl; bgU";n $hjp fz; lhnlo ge;J (4959)

109

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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ahd; g[ hpjy; ntz;L';b fhy; ,t;t[y fpy; brj;j hiu
Cd; g[h pe;J kPs caph;g;gpj;j y; ? thd;g[h pe;j mk;gyj;jhd; ey;yUshy; me; njh ehd; nkw;nghh;j; j fk;gyj; jhy; MF'; fspj; J/ (jpUtUl;g h 5525)

rk; vr;rk; epdf;fpiy vy;yhk; bgWf vd;W mr;rk; jtph;j;j vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(234)

vr;rk; vd;gjpd; bghUs; kPjk;/ mjhtJ bgw ntz;oaJ ,d;dKk; KGikailatpy;iy ? rpwpJ kP jk; ,Uf;f pd;wJ vd;w py;y hky; kPjk; VJk; ,y;i y cdf;F ? midj; jpida[k; Fiwtpd; wp KGikahfg; bgw;Wf; bfhs; vd;W Twp vdJ gaj;ija[k; ePf;fpa vd;D ila mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : ts;syhh; midj;j pida[ k; KGikahfg; kd epiwt[ mile;jjw;F Mjhuk; bgw;W

fl; lKk; fHd;nwd; ftiy tpl;blhHpj; njd;
fyf;fKk; jPh;e ;jdd; gpwtpr; rl;lKk; fpHpj; njd; J}f;fKe; Jwe;njd; rhita[k; nehita[k; jtph;e;n jd; rpl;lKkile;njd; rpw;riga[ ilahd; bry;t bka;g; gps;is vd; bwhU ngh;g; gl;lKk; jhpj;njd; vdf;fpJ nghJk; gz;zpa jtk; gypj;jJnt/ (jpUtUl;g h 4736)

110

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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ePL f ePna ePS yfidj;J k; epd;W MLf vd;w vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(236)

fhyKs; sst[k ; mHpahJ ePz;l thH;t[ bgWthahf/ ePz;l fhyk; cs;s ,e; j cyfidj; jpYk; kw; wit vy;yhk; mHpe; jhYk; eP kl;L k; mHpahJ epd;W kdk; nghy mUs; tpisahl;L MLthahf vd;w vd;Dila mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/ Mjhuk; :

Jjp bra[k; Kj; jUk; rpj;jUk; fhzr;
Rj;j rd;khh;f; fj;j py; cj;j k "hdg; gjp bra[ k; rpj;j pfs; gw;gythfg; ghhpil thdpilg; gw;gy fhyk; tpjp brag; bgw; wdd; ,d;W bjhl;bld; Wk; bka;aUl; n$hjpahy; tpistpg;gd; eP mt; tjprak; ghh;f ;fyhk; Mnloge; J mUl; bgU";n $hjp fz; lhnloge;J (jpUtUl;g h 4961)

bfa; Kj;jpwy; totKk; Kd;dpah';bfa;J Wk; mj;jpwy; vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(238)

Rj;j njfk;. gpuzt njfk;. "hd njfk; Mfpa Kj;njf rpj;j pfisa[k; Kaw; rpapd; gadhf mtw;iw milaf; Toa nguhw;w iy mUl;b gU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu vdf;F mUs;t Puhf/ Fwpg;g[ : Kj;njf Mjhuk; rpj; jpfisa[k; mth; bgw;whh; vd;gjw;F

111

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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ehnd jtk; g[hpe;njd; ek;bgUkhd; ey; yUshy;
ehnd mUl; rpj; jp ehlile;njd; ? ehnd mHpah totk; mit K:d;Wk; bgw; nwd; ,Hpahky; MLfpd;n wd; ,';F/ (jpUtUl;g h 5513)

Rj; jtot[k ; Rftothk; X'; fhu
epj;j tot[k; epiwe;n jh';F ? rpj;bjDnkhh; "hdtot[k p';n f ehd; bgw;nwd; v';bf';Fk; jhd tpisahl; oaw;w j;jhd; (jpUtUl;g h 5503)

K:tifr; rpj;jpapd; Kog[fs; KGtJk; Mtif vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(240)

fUk rpj;j p. nahf rpj;jp. "hd rpj; jp Mfpa K: d;W tifahd rpj;jpfspd; bray;ghLfs;. tpist[fs; vt;tst[ cz;nlh mitfs; midj; jpida[ k; KGtJkhf vdf;F f; iftUk;go mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mUs;g[hptPuhf/ rpj;jpfs; bgw;w jw;F Mjhuk;

mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd; mfj;jpy; X';fpd
kUl;bgUe;jpiubayhk; koe; J eP ';fpd ,Ul;bgUkyKjy; aht[k; jPh; e;jd bjUl; bgU";r pj;j pfs; nrh;e;j vd; idna (jpUtUl;g h 5400)

112

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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fUk rpj;jpfspd; fiy gy nfhoa[k; muRw vdf;F mUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
fUkrpj;jp vd;gJ 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ 5/ 6/ 7/ 8/ mzpkh : kfpkh : fhpkh : yfpkh : gpuhj; jp : <rj;Jtk; : gpufhkpak; : trpj;Jtk;/ ; JUk; ig nkUthf;F fpd; wJ nkUitj; JUk;ghf;Ffpd;wJ nkUit xd;Wkpy;y hky; bra; fpd; wJ

(242)

xd; Wkpy;yhj ,lj;j py; mndf';fshfr; bra;f pwJ

ntz;Ltd miljy; Fspif ty;ygj;jhy; v';Fk; bry; YfpwJ gufhag; gpuntrk; vGtifj; njhw;w khfpa njt. kDc;&a. euf. kpUf. gT&p. Ch;td. tpUT&k; Kjypatw;iwj; jd; trg;gLj;JfpwJ

njfj;i jf; fy;g rpj; jp bra; J bfhs;Sjy;. mgukhh;f;f p. rjhrpthde;j mDgtk;. rjhrpt fhyk; tiu gpnujj; ij caph;g;gpj;jy;/ rpj;jp fhyk; 3¾ ehHpif Kjy; 3¾ tUc&j;jpw;Fs;/ fUk rpj;jpfspd; gy nfhof;fzf;fhd tphpt[fSk; vd; trkhf;f p mtw;iw ehd; vd; Mizg;go elj;JkhW mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu mUs;g[hptP uhf/ Fwpg;g[ : fUk rpj;jp tpsf; fk; ? jpUtUl;g h gf;fk; 514 (th;j;j khdd; gjpg;g[ 1997) ciueil/

nahf rpj;jpfs; tifa[W gy nfhoa[k; Mf vd;bwdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(244)

nahf rpj;jp : 64 rpj; jpfisa[k; jd; Rje;juj;jpy; elj;Jfpd;w J/ r';fy;g Fspif. gpuhz fy;gnjfp. gpuk fhyk;. guhgukhh;f; fp. rpj;j pfhyk; 12 Mz;L Kjy; 108 tUc&j;jpw;Fs;; g[ ijj; j njfj;ij ehrkilah Kd; caph;g;gpj;jy;/

113

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,e;j nahf rpj; jpapd; tif gy nfho cs; sd/ mitaidj;Jk; ahd; bgWk;go vd;id MrP h;tjpj;J mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu vdf;F mUs;g[hptPuhf/

"hd rpj;jpapd; tif ey;t phptidj;J k; Mdpapd;bwdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(246)

"hdrpj;jp :- mWgj;J ehyhapuk; rpj;j pfisa[k;. jd; Rje;juj;jpy; elj;Jfpd;wJ/ 647 nfhoahfpa. 688 nfho ngjkhfpa kfh rpj;j pfisa[k;. jd;dpc;&lk; nghy elj;JfpwJ/ fhyk; fle;j J/ mo epiy. Ko epiy. Rj;j fh;k. Rj;j nahf. Rj;j "hd rpj;jp ty;yg';fisj; jd; Rje;juj;jhy; elj;J fpwJ/ "hd rpj;j papd; tphpt[fnsh gytha; cs;sd/ me;j tphpt[f sidj;jpida[k; rpwpJk; gGjpd;wp mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu vdf;F mUs;g[hptPuhf/ ,e;j

g[ila[W rpj;jpapd; bghUl;nl Kj;jpia miltJ vd;wUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(248)

,Jtiu Md; kPfj; Jiwapny Kj;jp ,d;gnk kdpj Fyk; mila ntz;oa Kothd ngW vd;w fUj;J epyt[fpd;wJ/ Mdhy; ek; bgUkhdhnuh rpj;j p vd;gnj Kothd epiy vd;W k; mjw;F Ke; jpa mDgt epiyna Kj;jp vd;W k; tFj;J j; jUfpd;whh;/ nknyh';fpa epiyapy; mila ntz; o a rpj;jp mDgt epiy gw;wpna Kj;jpia miltJ vd;W vdf;F tpsf; fp mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

Mjhuk; :

Kj;jpiag; bgw; nwdk; Kj;jpapdhy; "hd rpj;jpia a[w ;nwbdd;We; jPgw rpj;jDkhndbdd;We; jPgw

114

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Kj;jp vd;gJ epiy Kd;DW rhjdk; mj;jf vd;w vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(250)

Kd; thpapy; rpj;jp bgWk; bghUl;L Kj;jpia mila ntz;Lk; vd;W Twg;gl;lJ/ ,e;j thpapy; Kj;jpapd; epiy Twg;gLfpd; wJ/ Kj;jp vd;gJ Koe;j Koghd rpj; jp epiy mDgtj;ijg; bgWtjw;F Kd; njhd;Wk; mDgtkhFk;/ rpj;jp mDgtj;ijg; bgWtjw;F mJ xU rhjdk; vd;W vdf;F czh;j ;jpa vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz; ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : rpj;jp vd;gJ epiy vd;Wk;.Kj;j p vd;gJ me;j epiyia miltjw;Fhpa rhjdk; vd;Wk; ,e;j thpapy; tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;s J/ rhjdk; vd;gJ ehk; bfhs;s ntz;oa bewpahFk;/ rhjidapd;w pr; rhjpg;ghhpy;i y vd;gJ Md; nwhh; thf;F/ epiyf;F k; bewpf;Fk; ntWghLz;L/

,iwtid ehk; tplhJ gw;WtJ bewp : ,iwtd; ek;i k tplhJ fhg;gJ epiy/ Mjhuk; : bja;t kzp khiyapy; <bad;W ehd; xUthplk; epd;W nfshj ,ay;g[ k; ////////////// vd;w jpUmUl;gh eP vd;W k; vidtplh epiya[k; ehd; vd;W k; cs; epidtplh bewpa[k; / / / / / /

rpj;jp vd;g J epiy nrh;e;j mDgtk; mj;jpwy; vd;w vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(252)

,iwtd; ek;i kf; fhf;fpd; w epiyiar; nrh; e;j mDgtk; vJnth mJnt rpj; jp vd;gJ/ gunyhfj; jpy; ,Uf;Fk; ,iwtDld; ,e;j clk;ig tpl;Lg; gphpe; j $PtdhdJ fyg;gnj xU kdpjd; mila ntz;oa Kothd ngW vd;W k; mJnt kP z;Lk; gpwth epiy vd;Wk; ,Jtiu Md;kPf j;jpy; TwpaJk;. kf;fs; mwpe; jJk; MFk;/ Mdhy; jpUtUl;gpufhr ts;s w; bgUkhdhnuh ,f;fUj;ij Vw;fhky; 115

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

kWg;gtuhdhh;/ clk;ig tpl; lhy; $Pt d; jdpj;J ,a'; fhJ vd;W k;. ve;jf; fy;gj;jpy; clk;g[ ec;&lkilfpd;wnjh (kuzk;) me;jf; fw;gfhyk; tiu me; j $PtdhdJ kz;z py; kiwe;j pUf;Fk;/ gpd;d h; khiaapd; rpUc;&oahy; Kd; bra;j fh;k tpidf; nfw;gg; gpwtp vLf;Fk; vd;fpd; whh;/ ,e;j clk;g[ cs;snghnj ,iwtid mwpe;J miltJ jhd; rd;khh; f;fk; fhl;Lk; tHp/ mjhtJ ,fj; nj guj; ijg; bgw;W kfpH;t J/ ,e;j clk;gpy; ,iwtd; te;J fyg;gjhy; ,e;j clk;ghdJ vd;W k; mHpah epiy bgw;W tps'; Fk;/ ,iwtDf;Fhpa mj;jid Mw;wy; fisa[ k; ,th; bgWth;/ RU';ff; Twpd; flt[shfnt ,tUk; tps';Fth;/ ,Jnt rpj;j p/ ,iwtd; fye;J fhf;Fk; epiyna mg;bgUk; ngW tha;f;F k; vd;W mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ Mjhuk; : rpj;jp vd;W mUspa Twp vd;

Kj;jpiag; bgw; nwd; mk; Kj;jpapdhy; "hd rpj;jpia a[w ;nwd; vd;We;jP gw rpj;jDkhndbdd;We; jP gw/

Vf rpw;rpj;jpna ,aYw mndfk; MfpaJ vd;w vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(254)

rpw;rigapy; Vw;g lf; Toa ,e;j xd;nwahfpa rpj; jp mDgtnk bray;gLk;nghJ nguhw; wy; bgw;W mndfkhf tps';Ffpd;wJ vd;W tpsf; fpa vdJ mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

,d;g rpj;jpapd; ,ay; Vfk; mndfk; md;g Uf;F vd;w vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
md;gh; gapy;nthiu ,iltplhJ vd;W zh;f/

(256)

vd;gJ bghUs; g[f Hhjpiaf; Fwpj;Jg; ePf ;fpr; rpthde;j k; ve; ehs; milJk; vd;W mjidna tpUk;gpg; gapy;nthiuf; Fwpj;jJ

(gf; 217 ? xHptpbyhLf;fg; ghapu tpUj; jp)

116

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

jtkhfpa mfg;gzpg[hpe;J ,iwaUs; ty;ygj;j hy; vija[k; g[h paf;T oa Mw;w y; bgw;n whh; gpwUf;F ,d;gk; juf;Toa rpj;jpfs; kl;Lnk g[ hpth;/ me;j ,d;g rpj;j p xd;wy; y kpfg;gy vd;w vd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

vl;ouz;bld;g d ,aYKw;g o vd ml;l epd;wUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(258)

Kd; thpapy; jtk; g[hpnthh; Mw;w f; Toa rpj; jp ty;ygk; ngrg;gl;lJ/ jtk; vd;w hny me;j vl;ila[ k; ,uz; ila[k ; kwf;f Koa[k h> vl;L vd;gJ jkpHpy; @ m @ vd;w ,uz;L vd;gJ jkpHpy; c vd;w vz;zhFk;/ vz;zhFk;/

vl;L vd;gJ @ m @ vd;w vGj; ijf; Fwpf;Fk;/ @m@ vd;gJ @ mfhuk; @ vdg;gLk;/ mfhuk; vd;gJ $Ptidf; Fwpf;Fk;/ ,uz;L vd;gJ @c@ vd;w vGj;i jf; Fwpf;F k; @c@ vd;gJ @cfhuk; @ vdg;gLk;/ @cfhuk;@ vd;gJ @gukhfpa@ ,iwtidf; Fwpf;Fk; mfhuk; $Ptd; vd;gjw;Fk; cfhuk; guk; vd;gjw;Fk; Mjhuk;/ mfhuk; capnu cfhuk; gunk kfhuk; kykha; tUKg;gjj; jpy; rpfhuk; rptkha; tfhuk; totkha; mfhuk; capbud;W miwaYkhnk (jpUke; jpuk; ? 4k; je;jpuk; ? ghly; 12) $Ptdhfpa capiua[k; ,iwtdhfpa guj;ija[ k ; (KGikahf) mwpe;J bfhs;tnj Kjy;go MFk; vd "hd epiyapnyna epd;W mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

,g;g o fz;lid ,dpa[W gobayhk; mg;g ona vDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(260)

Muk;gkhfpa vl; ila[k ; ,uz;ila[ k; ,d;dbjd vg;go mwpe; J bfhz;l hnah ,dp tu ntz;oa mDgt

117

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epiyfbsy;y hk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

mt;thnw

mwpe;Jbfhs;

vd;w

go Ko fle;jid ghhpJ ghh; vd mo Ko fhl;oa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
gpUk;kh tpl;LQq Uj;ud; knf!;tud; rjhrptd; tpe;J ? ? ? ? ? ? bjhg;g[Sf;F k; fPnH bjhg;g[s ; ,Ujak; fz;lk; mz;z h g[Utkj; jp

(262)

g{j epiy

ehjk; gutpe;J guehjk; jpf;fpuhe; jk; mjpf; fpuhe;jk; Rj;jrptk; mjPjk;

Md;khDgt epiy

jtk; kdij ,Gj;Jg; g[Ut kj;jpapy; epw;fr; bra;tjpy; bjhl';fp nkny Twg;gl;L s;s mDgtg; gofspy; Vwp mjPj epiyf;F tu ntz;Lk;/ me;j mDgt epiyg; gofs; 43 vd;W ek; bgUkhdhh; TWthh;/ Muk;gg; goahfpa vl;o uz;o y; bjhl'; fpa eP xt;bthU goahff; fle; J Kothd goiaa[k ; (mjPjk;) fle;J tpl;lha;/ ,dp ghh; eP vd cd;D ila mo Ko midj;jpida[k; fhl;oa mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : ,';nf ,iwtdpd; mo Ko vd;d vd;gijj; jpUtUl;ghtpd; Jiz bfhz;L kl;Lk; fhz;nghk;/

118

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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gpUk;khthYk; tpl;LQqthYk; fhz Koahj mo Koia ek; bgUkhdhh; fz; lhh;/ mth; fshy; Vd; fhz Koatpy; iy> g[uhzj; jpy; Twpa[ s;sgo mth;f s; ,iwtidg; g[ wj;n j njodhh;fs;/ bghJthfpa rpw;wk;g yj;jpy; njlhJ g[wj; nj njodhy; njhd;w hJ/ Mjhuk; :

bgh Jt[zh; czUk; nghjyhy; gphpj;n j
mJ vdpy; njhd;wh mUl;bgU";n$hjp (mfty;)

mt;thbwdpy; mfj;nj mo Ko vt;thW njhw;w kspf;Fk; > jtj;jpd; Kothd mDgtj;ij mDgt khiyg; ghl;L xd;wpy; bjspthfj; jUfpd;whh;/ bghwpfSk;. g[yd; fSk; bray;glhJ ml';fpa epiyapy; mirahj rpj;jpuk; nghy; jtk; bra;n thh;f;Fg; guehj epiy mDgtj;jpy; mz;l gfpuz;lk; njhw;wwpahj bgU"; n$hjp kiy xd;W njhd;Wkhk;/ gpd;dh; me;jg; bgU"; n$hjpapd; eLnt bghd; bdhsp fhl;rpahFkhk;/ Kothf me;jg; bghd;bdhspapd; eLnt brt;bthsp xd;W njhd;Wkhk;/ me;jr; brt;bthspjhd; flt[s;/ me; jr; brt;bthsp ,e;jj; J}y clYld; fyg;gijj; jhd; ,iwtDld; ,uz;lwf; fye;jjhfr; brhd;dJ/

bg U";n $hjp fhl;rpg; bghUns mJ rpw; rig/
bghd;bdhspa[ k; fhl;r pg; bghUns mJ bghw;rig mjd; eLnt njhd; wpa brt;bthspna flt[s;/ ,ij tpsf;Ftjw;f hfnt n$hjpa[ l; n$hjp vd; whh; ts;s yhh;/ ,iwtid n$hjpa[l ;

Kr;Rlh; njhw;w j;jpw;F Mjhuk;:<w;wwpnad; ,Ue; jpUe;jp'; fjp rapg;gbjd; eP vd;fpd;wha; eP vidtpl;nlFbjhWk; ehd; jhd; fhw;wwpahj; jPgk; nghy; ,Ue;jpLk; mj; jUzk; fz;l ghpbrd;g[fy; ntd; mz; l gfpuz;l k; njhw;w wpahg; bgU"; n$hjp kiy guehjj;nj njhd;w pajh';fjdLnt njhd;w pa bjhd; wJjhd; khw;wwpahg; bghd;b dhspnah mt;bthspf; Fs;shLk; ts;sy; mUbshspnah <jjprapf;Fk; tifna (5767)

119

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bgU";n$hjp fhl; rpg; bghUns vd;gjw; F Mjhuk; :

jp Uf;f jtk; jpwthnah jpiufbsy;y hk; jtph;j ;nj
jpUtUshk; bgU";n $hjpj; jpUt[U f; fhl;lhnah (jpUtUl;g h 3760) bghd;bdhspa[ k; Mjhuk; : fhl;rpg; bghUns vd;gjw;F

kzpf;fjtk; jpwthnah kiwg;igbayhk; jtph;j;n j
khw;wwpahg; bghd;n d epd; totJ fhl;l hnah (jpUtUl;g h 3761) K:d;whtJ xspna fyf;Fk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; ciu fle;j jpUtUl;ngh; xsptoitf; fye;n j/ (jpUtUl;g h 3762) mo vd;gJ Muk;gk; eL vd;gJ ,il Ko vd;g J fil ,iwtdpd; bgU";n$hjp mo ? mjhtJ guehjj;nj njhd;wpa bgU"; n$hjp ? mjhtJ bgU"; n$hjp eLnt njhd;wpa bghw; n$hjp ? mjhtJ bghw; n$hjp eLnt njhd;wpa brt;bthsp mjhtJ n$hjpf; fhl;rpapd; Muk;gk;

,iwtdpd; eL vd;gJ bghd; bdhsp ,iwtdpd; Ko vd;g J brt; bthsp ,jd; bjhlh;ghd epU:gpg;gijf; fhzyhk;/ mLj;j thp ,e;jf; fUj;ij

n$hjpa[ n$hjp a[l; n$hjpapd; brhU:g nk me;jk; Mjp vd;wUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(264)

Kd; thpapy; mo Ko fhl;oaJ Twg;gl;lJ/ mo vd;gJ Muk;gk; ? Ko vd;gJ Kot[ ? Mjp vd;gJ Muk;gk; 120

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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? me;jk; vd;gJ Kot[ ? vdnt mo vd;gJ Mjp ? Ko vd;gJ me;jk; ? mo bgU";n$hjp Mdhy; Mjpa[k ; bgU";n$hjp ? Ko br";n$hjp Mdhy; me;jKk; br";n$hjpna. bgU";n$hjp ? bghw;n$hjp ? br";n$hjp Mfpa K:d;W k; xd;W f;Fs; xd; whf tps';Ftjhy; n$hjpa[l ; n$hjpahfpwJ/ n$hjp = bgU";n$hjp n$hjpa[ l; n$hjp = bghw;n$hjp n$hjpa[ l; n$hjpapd; brhU:gnk

= br";n$hjp me;jk; vd;W

bgU";n$hjp Mjp ? br";n$hjpna mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

,e;j rpw;n$hjpapd; ,aYU Mjp me;jk; vd;wUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(266)

,Jtiu njhd; wpa mUshsh;fs; ,iwtidg; gw;gy cUt';f spy; ,Ug;gjhff; fhl;o dh;/ xt;bthU rkaj;jpYk; gyg;gy bja;t'; fisf; fhl;oa[s ; sdh;/ cjhuzkhfr; irtj;jpny tpehafh; Kjypy; tHpghL flt[shft[k ; rptbgUkhd; Kothd guk;bghUshft[ k; tFf;fg;g l;Ls; sJ/ ,e;jj; bja;t cUt';fs; vy;yhk; Kd;d hy; njhd;wpa mUshsh;fshYk; "hdpfshYk; vt;thW njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl; ld vd;w cz;ikia ts;s w; bgUkhdhh; fz;lwpe;j hh;/ me;j cz;ikahdJ vd;d btdpy; jpUr;r pw;w k;gykhfpa ekJ g[Ut kj;jpapy; xspahff; fhl;rp jUtJ vJnth mijj;jhd; g[wj;nj xt;bthU rkaKk; j';fs; j';fs; bja;tkhff; fhl;odhh;f s; vd;gnj/ Mjp me;jk; vd;W n$hjpapd; jd;ikahd mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ TWtbjy;yhk; cUt';fns ,e;jr; vd;W rpw; wk;gy mUspa n$hjpapd;

vy;yh tot'; fSk; rpw;wk;gyj;nj tpsf;fnk vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :

njhd;Wk;

121

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irt Kjyhf ehl;L k; gy
rka';fbsy;y hk; jdpj; jdpf; fhl;L k; bja;tkpJ te;J ghhP h; jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUeln$hjp/ (jpUtUl;g h 4605) kw;WbkhU Mjhuk; :

vk;bghUs; vk;bghUs; vd; nw brhy;Y k;
vy;yhr; rkaj;Js; vy;yhh;f;Fk; xd;nw brk;bghUs; vd;gJ ghhPh; ? jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpUel n$hjp/ (jpUtUl;g h 4604)

bfhoapilg; bgz;ngjha; eP mk;g yj;nj eof;Fk;
Tj;jho vd; bwdJ bfhGeh; jikf; Fwpj;jha; goaplj;n j thdplj; nj ghjyj;n j mz; l gfpuz;l nfhoapny gjp tpsf;f bky; yhk; mokyh; bfhz;L Iah; bra;a[ k; jpUf; T j;jpd; tpsf;fk; MFkpJ rj;jpak; vd;wUkiw Mfk';f s; bfoa[wnt giwaoj;Jj; jphpfpd;w mtw;iwf; nfl;lwpe;J bfhs;tha; epd; thl;lbkyhe;jtph; e;nj (jpUtUl;g h 5760)

M jpa[k; me;jKk; mwpe;jid ePna
Mjp vd;wUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
(268) gpuk tpc&;Qqf;fs; Tlf; fz;lwpa Koahj ,iwtdpd; mo Koia ts;syhh; fz;L bfhz;lhh;/ ,iwtdpd; Mjpa[k; me; jKk; xt;bthUtUila mf mDgtj; jpy; kl;Lnk fz;l wpaf; TLk;/ ,iwtdpd; Mjp vd;gJ Muk;g epiy ? mjhtJ guehjj; nj njhd;W k; ngbuhsp/ ,iwtdpd; me;jk; vd;gJ Kotpny njhd;W k; brt; bthsp/ ,Jtiu ,e;j cz;i kiaf;

122

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fz;lwpahJ gyh; gy tpjkhff; FUlh; fs; ahidiaf; fz; l fij nghny Twpte; Js;sdh;/ Mjpahfpa bgU";n$hjpiaa[k; me; jkhfpa brt;bthspiaa[ k ; ePna mwpe;jha;/ ,ij mwpe; j Kjy; mUshsDk; ePna Mdha;/ vdnt ,iwtid mwpe; j cz;ik mwpthspfspy; ePna Mjp Mfpwha; vd;W mUspa mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

ts; syhh; mo Ko fz;l hh; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :
me;njh <jjprak; <jjprak; vd; g[fy;n td; mwptwpahr; rpwpnaid mwptwpar; bra;n j ,e;njh';F rilKo epd; mo Koa[';f hl;o ,J fhl;o mJ fhl;o vd; epiya['; fhl;or; re;njhl rpj;jh;fs; jk; jdpr; N: J';f hl; or; rhfhj epiy fhl;or; rf$ epiy fhl; o te;njhL epfh; kdk; ngha;f; fiue;j ,l';fhl;o kfpH;tpj;jha; epd; mUspd; tz;ik vth;f;Fsnj (jpUtUl;g h 3038)

ey;yKJ vd; xU eht[s';fhl;o vd; iy my;yiy ePf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(270)

kjp kz;l yj;j Kjk; vd;W brhy;yf; Toa bjs;s Kjk; ehtpny ,dpf;ff; fpilj;jJ/ ,iwtd; me;j mKjj;i jf; fhl;odhd;/ jpUmUl;gh vd;w ftp mKjKk; mtuJ ehtpny Rue;jJ/ ey;y mKjkhfpa bjs; sKija[k ; jpUmUl;gh vd;w (kw;wth;fis thH;tpf;F k;) mKija[k; vdJ ehtpny fhl;o vdJ gpwtpahfpa my;yiy eP f; fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ ts;syhh; mKjk; cz; lhh; vd;gjw;Fhpa Mjhuk; :

cs; spUs; eP ';fpw;W vd; cs;bshsp X'; fpw;W
bjs;sKJz;n lbdd;We;jP gw jpj;jpf;f t[z;n l bdd;We; jP gw

123

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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fs;Sz;lhbsdg; g[ fd;w hh; fdfrig eLnt
fz;lJz;L rpw;rigapy; cz;lJKz;l o ehd; vs;Sz;l gytplaj;J ,wf;F';fs; sd;n w vd;W k; ,wth epiyapy; ,Uj;J ';fs; cyfhh; cs;Sz;l nghJ kaf;Fw; wpLk; fs; mynt cs;s kaf;fidj;j pida[ k; xHpj; jpL'; fs; kltha; ms;Sz; l gpwUk; vid mLj;jLj;Jf; fz;lhy; mwpt[ jUk; mth;f;F kp'; nf ahDz;l fs;ns/ (jpUtUl;g h 5725)

mk;i kiaf; fz;n ld; mtsUs; bfhz; nld;
mKjKk; cz;nldo mk;kh mKjKk; cz;nldo ts;syhh; ehtpypUe; J btspg;gl; l jpUtUl;gh. vd;gjw;F r; rhd;W / mKjk;

mz;l bkyh'; file;b jLj;j mKjbkd;nfh Ia';f udhh;f;F
mudhhPe;j kz;L Ritf; fdpbad;nfh ts;s pKdk; ntl; fspj; j kiyj;n jd; vd;n fh fz;lth; fs; mjprapf; ff; ftp bghHpa[k ; ,uhkyp';f f; flt[s; "hdp jz;lkpHhYiuj;j jpUtUl;ghtpd; Ritajidr; rhw;W';f hny/ mKjk; cz; ljhy; ts; syhh; njfk; bghd;Dlk;ghapw;W vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; :

tpiue;J tpiue;J go fle;njd; nkw;g hy; mKjk;
tpae;Jz; nld; fiue;J fiue;J kdKUff; fz;z Ph; bgUff; fUj; jyh; e;nj tiue;J "hd kzk; bgh'; f kzpkd; wuirf; fz;L bfhz;n ld; jpiue; J befpH; e;j njhYlk;g[k ; brGk; bghd; clk;gha; j; jpfH;e ;njnd (jpUtUl;g h 5482)

124

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fw;g fk; vd;D sk; ifjdpy; bfhLj;nj mw;g [jk; ,aw;bwDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(272)

fw;gfk; vd;gJ vijf; nfl;l hYk; juf;Toa njtjU vd;W g[uhz';TWk;/ ahh; vijf; nfl; lhYk; ,y;iy vd;dhJ juf;Toa fw;gf jUtpd; Mw;wiy vd; cs;s'; ifjdpy; mspj; Jg; gy mw;g[j ';fis elj;jpf; fhl;L vd; w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : ,y;iy vd; dhJ bgw;wjw;F Mjhuk;/ ,Lfpd;w jpwk; ts;syhh;

vy; yhKk; bra;a ty; y jdpj; jiyth; bghJtpy;
,Ue;J elk;g [hpfpd;w mUl;bgU";n$hjpapdhh; ey;yha; ed; dhl; lhh; fs; vy;y hUk; mwpa ez;zp vid kzk; g[hpe;jhh; g[z ;zpadhujdhy; ,y;yhik vdf;fpy;iy vy; yhh; f;Fk; jUntd; vd;Dila bgU"; bry;t k; vd; g[f y;ntdk;kh bry;yhj mz;lkl;nlh mg;g [wj; jg;ghYk; rpt"hdg; bgU"; bry;t k; rpwg;gJ fz;l wpna (jpUtUl;g h 5740)

fjph; eyk; vd; ,U fz;fspy; bfhLj;nj mUl; (274) mjprak; ,aw;bwDk; m Ul;bgU";n$hjp
ed;ikna bra;fpd;w gpufhrj;ij xsp tPr;i r vd;Dila ,uz;L fz;fspYk; mspj;J mjpra'; fs; gy ,aw;W f vd;w mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : milahW gpuk;k ntyha[jdhh; TwpapUg;gJ/ "hd mspj;j r';f j;jhh; f;F bjh/ thf; FK:yj;j py; cz;Qqk;

mtuJ (ts;syhhpd;) ghh;it xd;nw khkprk; gHf;fj; ij xHpf; fg; nghJkhdjha; ,Ue;jJ/

125

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@mth; (ts;syhh;) fz;fSk; cilath;/

ePz ;l

ehrpa[k;

bghwp

gwf;Fk;

jd;idg; gw;wp ts;s yhnu TwpapUg;gJ/ @vd;D ila ghh;it mz;l hz;l ';fSf;F mg;ghy; fle; jpUf;fpwJ/@

vt;t[ yFk; mz; l';f s; vj;jida[k; ehd; fhz
,t;t[yfpy; ve;ij vdf;fspj;jhd; ? vt;t[apUk; rd;khh;f;f r'; fe;j idailar; bra;tpj; nj vd; khh;f; fk; fhz; ngd; ,dp (jpUtUl;gh 5514)

mUs; xsp vd; jdp mwptpdpy; tphpj;nj mUs; bewp tpsf;bfDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp (276)
ts;syhh; ve; jg; gs;spapYk; ve;j Mrhdplj; Jk; fy;tp gapytpy;i y/ Mdhy; mtuJ mwpthw;w nyh vy; yhj; JiwfspYk; vy;i y fle;jpUg;gij midtUk; mwpth;/ ,iwtdJ mUs; xspahdJ mtuJ mwptpny tphpe;j jhk; ? mUs; xspia mspj; jJ kl;Lkpd;wp cyfj;n j mUs; bewpia tpsf; Ff vd;Wk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/ Fwpg;g[ : gue;J ,e; j Twpa

ntj';fs; Mfk';f s; Kjypa fiyfs; vjida[k ; ts; syhh; fw;ftpy;iy/ jtj;i j nkw;bfhz;L g{uz epiy mDgtk; mile; jhy; vy;yhk; jhnd bjhpa[ k; vd;fpwhh; (Mjhuk;)/

fhuzkpJ g[ hpfhhpakpJ nky;
fhuz fhhpaf; fUtpJ gythk; Muzk; Mfkk; ,it tphpj;Jiuj;j pLk; eP mit mile;j pld; kfnd g{uz epiy mDgt Kwpy; fzkhk; bghGjpdp ywpjp vg;bghUs; epiyfSnk jhuzp jdpbyd;w jat[i launr jdp eluhr vd; rw;FU kzpna/

126

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giubahsp vd; kdg; gjpapdpy; tphpj;nj murJ ,aw;bwDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(278)

khiaf;F vd;W k; moikaha; ,Ug;g J kdk;/ jdJ rf;jpahfpa tpsf;f j;ij me;j kdjpw;F mspj;J me;j Mw;wYf;F kdijna ,lkhf;fp m';nfna tps';FkhWk; bra;J ,dp kdij mlf;f p mjid Ml; rp bra;thahf vd;w mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : kdkhfpa Fu';F midtiua[ k; Ml; rp bra;J Ml;o itj;J f; bfhz;oUf;fpwJ/ jpUtUs; ts;syhUf;Fj; Jiz bra; jJ ? giu vd;gJ rf;jp ? Mw;wy; ? ts;syhhpd; kdjpny ,iw rf;jp ? ,iw Mw;w y; goe;jJ ? kdij mth; mlf;f pj; jd; trg;gLj;j pdhh;/ Mjhuk;

kdbkDnkhh; nga; f; Fu';F kilg;gany
kw;wth; nghy; vid epidj;J kUl;lhnj fz;l ha; ,dKw vd; brhy;t Hpna ,Uj; jp vdpy; Rfkha; ,Ue;j pL eP vd; brhy;tHp Vw;w piy ahdhnyh jpidast[ d; mjpfhuk; bry;ybthl;nld; cyfk; rphpf; ft[id mlf;fpLntd; jpUtUshy; fzj;n j edtpbyidawpahnah ahbud ,';f pUe; jha; "hdrigj; jiytDf;F ey;y gps;i s ehnd/

ty;yg rf;jpfs; tifbayhk; mspj;J vdJ (280) my;yiy ePf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; kdk; ml';fpa epiy Twg;gl;lJ/ ml';f pajpd; tpist[ vd;d > kdk;

Mw;wy; kpf;f rf; jpfs; vj;jid tif cz;; nlh mit midj; jpida[k; mspj;J vdJ Jd;g';f is monahL tpyf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

127

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Fwpg;g[ :

ehly;
Tly; Mly; ghly;

vy;yh Mw;wYk; bgw;w ts;syhh; jhd; bgw;w kd epiwit vdf;fpJ nghJk; vd; w bgUkpjj;Jld; btspg;gLj;J fpd; whh;/ bra;fpd;nwd; mUl;bgU";n$hjp ehjid vd;Dns fz;L bra;fpd;nwd; vz;zpa vy; yhk; Tolf; Fytp ,d;g[Utha; bra;fpd;nwd; rpj;b jy;y hk; ty;yhd; mk;gyk; jd;idna Fwpj;Jg; bra;fpd;nwd; vdf;fpJ nghJk; gz;zpa jtk; gypj;jJnt (jpUtUl;gh 4732)

Mhpay; mfk; g[wk; mfg;g [wk; g[wg;g [wk; MuKJ vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfk; /;

(282)

Md;kh ? Md;k h jdpj;jpUf; Fk; ? Md;khfhrk; bghw;r ig ? fdfrigapy; njhd;W k; fhl;rp mf mKjk;/ $Ptd; ? $Ptd; kdk; Kjypa me;jf; fuzf;T l;lj;jpd; kj;jpapypUf;Fk;/ $P thfhrk; rpw;rig/ rpw; rigapy; cz;Qqk; bjs; sKjnk mfg;g[w mKjk;/ fuz';f s; ? rhjid gapY'; fhy; ehf;F Edpapy;. kj;jpapy;. moapy;. nkYk; cs; ehf;foapy; CWk; mKjk; ? ,it g[w mKjkhk;/ ,e;jphpa';f s; ? tpah;itna g[wg;g[ w mKjkhk;/

mfg;g[wk;

/;

g[wk;

/;

g[wg;g[wk;

/;

rpwg;g[ tha;e;j mf mKjk;. mfg;g[ w mKjk;. g[w mKjk;. g[wg;g[w mKjk; Mfpa ehd;i fa[k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu vdf;fUs;tPuhf/

128

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N:h pa re;jpu n$hjpa[l; n$hjp vd;W fH; Mhpah; g[fH; jUk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(284)

N:hpad; xU n$hjp ? re;jpud; xU n$hjp / ,e;j ,uz;L n$hjpfSf;Fs;n sa[k; tps'; Ffpd;w n$hjp vd;W ntj';fis ed;F fw;n whh; g[fH;e ;J ngRkhW tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Mjhuk;/ ;

re; jpu N:hpah; xsp bgwtps';F k;
jdp mUl; bgUbtspj; jyj; bjG";Rlnu te;jpu tpil vdf; fUsKjkspj;nj thH;f vd;wUspa thH;Kjw; bghUns ke;jpunk vid tsh;f; fpd; w kUe;nj khepyj;jpil vid tUtpj;j gjpna je;jpuk; ahita[k; cila bka;g; bghUns jdp eluhr vd; rw;FUkzpna (jpUtUl;g h 3701)

dk; gpwpnt jpdp cidg; gpoj;jdk; cdf;F ek; (286) mwpnt tobtDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
gpwpt[ = vd;gJ gphpt[ vd;w brhy;iyna Fwpf;F k;/

cd;id tpl;L ,dpg;gphpa khl;nld; ? cd;i d ehd; ed;F gw;w pf;bfhz;n ld; ? cdf;F vd; mwpnt totkhf tps';Fk; vd; w mUl;bgU";n $hjp.

129

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Fwpg;g[ :

,dp cd;i dg; gphpa khl; nld; vd;why; ts;syhiu tpl;L ,jw;F Kd; gphpe; jpUe;jhdh ? Mk; ? Mjhuk;.

jdpj;j guehj Koj; jyj;jpd; kpirj; jyj;n j
jiytbuy;yhk; tz';f epd;w jiytd; eluhrd; ,dpj;j Rfk; mwpe; J bfhsh ,sk; gUte;jdpny vd; g[Ut eL ,Ue;j hd; gpd;g[ fz;nldpy;iy mdpj; j kpyh ,r; rhpjk; Mh;f;Fiug; ngde;njh mtdwpthd; ehdwpntd; may; mwpthUsnuh Jdpj;j epiy tpLj;bjhUfhy; Rj;j epiy mjdpy; Rf';fz;Lk; tpLntndh brhy;y hbad; njhHp (jpUtUl;g h 3026) gphptpy; yhJ fye; Jtpl;l jw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

vd;D iuf; nfd; vd;Diuf;n fd; ,e;j mjprae;jd; id
vk;kndhh;f hs; bghd;Diuf;Fk; kzpkd;wpy; jpUeldk; g[hpfpd; w g[epjd; vd;Ds; kpd;Diuf;Fk;g of; fye;j hd; gphpahky; tps';Ffpd;w hd; bka;k;i kahd jd;Diuf;Fk; vd;D iuf;Fk; rkurk; bra; jUs;f pd;w hd; rfj;j pd; kPnj (jpUtUl;g h 5444)

v";nry; cyfpdpy; ahbjhd;W gw;wpa[k; m";nry; vd;wUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(288)

gphpt[ vd;gnj ,y;y hJ ,iwtd; jd; Dld; fye;jij Kd; thpapy; mwptpj;j hh;; njhd;wpaJ kiwa[k ; ? gpwe;jJ ,wf;Fk; ? vy;y hnk mHpaf;T oaitjhd;/ vJt[nk

130

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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kp";Rtjpy;i y/ ,g;gog;gl;l cyfpy; vijg; gw;w pa[k; m";r ntz;lhk; vd;W mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu vdf;f Us; bra;tPuhf/

glkhl;nld; Jah; rpwpJk; glkhl;nld; ,dp ehd;
gag;glt[k; khl;nld; cd; gjj;Jizna gpoj;n jd; tplkhl; nld; Vkhe;J tpl khl;n ld; fz; Oh; bka;k;i kapJ Ek;khiz tpsk;gpdDk;k onad; bflkhl;nld; gpwh; bkhHpfs; nfl;o lt[k; khl;n ld; fpsbuhsp mk;gyj;jhly; tsbuhsp Ek;k y;yhy; elkhl; nld; vd;D sj;n j ehd; rhfkhl;n ld; ey;y jpUtUshny ehd; jhd; Mndnd/

khz;L Hyh tif te;jps';fhiyna Mz;L bfhz;lUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(290)

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ntz;lhUsnuh epd;dUis nknyhud;wpf; fPn HhUk; <z;lhh;tjw;F ntz; oduhy; ,d;W g[jpnjh ahd; ntz; ly; J}z;lhtpsf; nf jpUg;bghJtpy; n$hjpkzpna MbwhL K:d;whz;lhtjpnyKd; vd;i d Mz;lha; fUiz mspj;j Uns (jpUtUl;g h 3597)

131

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gw;W fs; midj;ija[k; gw;wwj; jtph;j;J vdJ (292) mw;wKk; ePf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
kdjpny vd;bdd;d Mirfs; vGnkh mt;t st[ Mirfisa[k; rpwpJk; ,y;yhjthW ePf;fpaJld; vdJ Fw;w';f isa[k ; jtph;j; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu/

rhpia Xh; ehd;Fk; fphpia Xh; ehd;Fk; rhw;w pLk;
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,wf;ft[k ; Mir ,y;iy ,g;go ehd; ,Uf;ft[k; Mir
,d;wp ehd; gpwf;ft[ k; Mir ,iy cybfy; yhk; bghpath; bghpath; vdnt rpwf;ft[k; Mir ,iy tprpj;jpu';fs; bra;at[k; Mir xd;wpiy Jwf;ft[ k; Mirapiy Jauile; J J}';ft[k; Mir xd;wpiyna (jpUtUl;gh 3400)

rkak; Fy Kjy; rhh;bgyhk; tpLj;j mkak; njhd;wpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(294)

kdpj rKjhak; $hjp rkak; kjk; Kjypa gyntW ghFghLfshy; gpst[gl; nl thH;e;J bfhz;o Uf; fpd;w J/ xt;bthU kdpjDk; VjhtJ xU rkak; my;yJ Fyk; Kjypa Vnjh xd;i wr; rhh; e;J ,Ug;gnj cz;i k/ rkak; Fyk; Kjyhd njhd;w p mUspa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ rhh;g[fis tpl;lt[ ld;

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(296)

miltjw;FhpaJjhd; vd;W TWfpd;w ntj';fSk; Mfk';fSk; Tl Muha;e; J fhz;gjw;F Koahjjha; tps';F k; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

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(300)

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(5678)

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(304) rkkhf jLj;J

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(306)

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(308)

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(310)

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136

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(314)

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138

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139

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c UtKk; mUtKk; cga Kkhfpa
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(338)

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(342)

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(344)

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(346)

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(348)

g";r g{j';fspy; xd; whfpa mf;dp mjhtJ beUg;g [ jd;idj;jhnd bgUf;fpf; bfhz;L jhnd jd;id mile;J bfhz;L tps';F fpd; wJ/ mg;go mila[ k; beUg;ghf tps';FgtDk; ,iwtnd/ beUg;gpd; epiy beUg;gha; vd;Wk; tps';FtJld; mJ btg;gj;ijg; bgw;Wk; tps';FfpwJ/ beUg;g[ mile;j beUg;gha;. beUg;gpd; epiy beUg;ghfnt tps';Fk;gor; bra;J mjpny epiwe; j btg;gkha; tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

154

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(350)

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(352)

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(354)

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g[t pa[W g[tpaha;g ; g[t p epiyg; g[t paha; mit bfhs tphpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(356)

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156

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(358)

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beUg;g J epiy eL epiybayhk; mstp mUg;gpl tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(362)

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(364)

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(366)

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158

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160

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kz;z pdpy; Ik;g { tFj;J mjpy; Ie;jpwk; mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(372)

Fwp";rp. Ky;iy. kUjk;. bea;jy;. ghiy vd;w Ie; J tpj epy';f l;Fhpa g{f;fis tFj;J me;j kyh;f l;bfdr; rpy jdpj; jd;ikfis cz; lhf; fp mit vd;Wk; khwhJ epiyj; J epw;Fk;g o tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ cjhuzk; : Fwp";rp kyh; 12 Mz;Lfl;F xU Kiw g{f;F k; vd;gJ mjd; jdpj;jd; ik/

kz;z pdpy; ehw;wk; tFj;jjpy; gy;tif mz;Q qwg; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
kz;zpy; kzk; cz;L/ kiH bga; a[k; thilia kz;thil vd;nw brhy;tJ tHf;fk;/ nghJ

(374) tP Rk;

vy;yhg; g{f; fSk; kz;z pnyapUe;J tsUk; brofspy; g{j;jhYk; mitfspd; kznkh btt;ntwhf ,Uf;fpd;wJ/ me;jg; g{f;fspypUe;J tUk; tpj tpjkhd kzj;i j ehk; mDgtpf; fpd; nwhk;/ kz;zpw;F kzk; bfhLj; J mjpny gytif kz';fs; njhd;W k;g or; bra;tpj;J mtw;i w ehk; mDgtpf;F k;gog; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

kz;z pdpy; gw;g y tif fUepiy ,ay; mz;Q qwg; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(376)

jhtu';fSk; caph; ,d';f ns/ jhtu';f s; vd; w bghJg; bgahpny vj; jid tpjkhd jhtu';fs;! gwitfspy; ? kpUf';fspy; xt; bthd;w pYk; vj; jidnah tiffs;/ vy; yh $Ptd;fspd; epiya[k; g{kpapny bghUe;j p thGkhW mike; Js;s J/ kz;z pny gyg;gy tifahd caphpd';fs; g{kpia Mjhukhff; bfhz; nl thH;tilag; g[hpe;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ 161

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kz;z pdpy; Ie;jpay; tFj;J mjpy; gy;gad; (378) mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Ie;jpay; : kzk; Rit njhw;w k; !;ghprk; xir/ kz;zpdpy; kzk; Rit njhw; wk; !;ghprk; Xir Mfpa Ie;J ,ay;g[f isa[k; mikj;J mtw; why; gytpjg; gad; fs; ehk; mila[ k;go mikj;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

kz;z pil moepiy tFj;J mjpy; gd;dpiy (380) mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
g";r g{j';fis kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[. fhw;W. Mfhak; vd;gh;/ kz;iz moahft[k ; Mfhaj;ij Koahft[k ; bfhz;Ls;sdh; ekJ Kd; ndhh;/ ,ijna ek; bgUkhdhUk; kz;zpil moepiy vd;fpd;whh;/ g{kpiag; g";r g{j';fspy; mo epiyahf mikj;J mjpy; rkkhd g{kp ? tsh; e;j epiy (kiy) kiwe;j epiy (flYf;f oapy;) vdg; gy epiyfis mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

kz;z py; Ie;ije;J tifa[k; fye;J bfhz;L (382) mz;Q qwg; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Ie;ije;J = Ik;g{j';fSk; mtw;wpd; bjhHpy; fSk; kz; = njhw;W tpf; fpwJ ePh; = tsh; f;fpwJ beUg;g[ = mHpf;f pwJ fhw;W = mJnt kiwe;j pUe; J kiwf;f pd;w J Mfhak; = mUsy; kz;zpny kz;Qqz;L ? ePUz;L ? beUg;g[z;L ? fhw;Wz;L ? btspa[K z;L/ kz;zpny kz; = kz; nz kz;zhf tps';FtJ kz;zpny eP h; = kz; Qqf;f oapy; ePh ; nfzp Mjhuk; kz;zpny beUg;g[= kz; Qqf;foapy; beUg;g[ vhpkiy Mjhuk;

162

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www.vallalar.org

kz;zpny fhw;W = rpypfz; il Mf;i !L vd;W tp";"hdj;jpy; mjw;Fg; bgah; kz;zpny Mfhak; = Mfhak; me;j hpf; Fk; ? kz;Qqk; ve;jg; bghUisa[ k; kz; zhf; fp ,y;yhky; bra;J tpLk;/ kz;zpny Ik;g{j';fSk; mtw;w pd; Ie; J bjhHpy;fSk; fye;J epd;W vd;W k; ,ize;n j bray;gLkhW g[hpe;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

kz; ,ay;rf;jpfs; kz; braw; rf;jpfs; mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(384)

jd;idj;jhnd Rw;wpf; bfhz;L N: hpaida[k ; Rw;wp tUtJ ,e; j g{kpf;Fs;s ,ay;ghd xU rf;jp ? ve;j xd;iwa[ k; jd;ghy; <h;f; fpd; w g[t p<h;g;g[ r f;jp (Gravitation Power) mjDila ,ay;ghd rf;jp/ ,e; j ,ay;ghd rf; jpfshy; ,ut[ gfy; Vw;gLtJld; gUt fhy khw; w';fSk; Vw;gLfpd;wd/ ve;jg; bghUisa[ k; kf;fitj; J kz;zhfnt Mf;fptpLtJ kz; zpd; bray;ghL/ jd; kPJ s;s mira[ k ; mirahg; bghUs; midj;i ja[k; jh';FtJk; mjd; bray;ghnl/ ,t;thnw kz;z pd; ,ay;ghd rf;j pfSk; bray;ghl;Lf;Fhpa rf;jpfSk; vd;Wk; tpyfhJ epyt[k;go tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

kz; cUr; rj;jpfs; kz;fiyr; rj;jpfs; mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(386)

ghid. rl; o. bghk; ikfs;. gP'; fhd; tiffs; Kjyhditbay;y hk; kz;zpypUe;J cUthff; Toait/ ,aw;ifapd; tz;z tz;z mHfpa fhl; rpfSk; cah; e;j gRikahd kiyfSk;. eP Uw;WfSk;. eP h;tPH;r ;rpfSk; kz; zpd; fiyr; rf; jpfs; vdyhk; ,t;t hW kz;QqUr; rf;jpfSk; kz;fiyr; rj;jpfSk; tpyFwhJ epiyj; J tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

163

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www.vallalar.org

kz; xspr; rj;jpfs; kz; fUr; rj;jpfs; mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(388)

ryitf;f y;. fpuhidl; ghiwfs; nghd;w xsp tP Rk; ghiwfSk; kz;zhy; Mf;fg;gl; l ghiwfns MFk;/ ,e; j kz;zhdJ N:h pa xspiaf; fpufpj;Jg; gpd;dh; btspapLtjhy; tha[ kz;l yk; btg;g khfp mjdhy; gy tpist[fs; cz;lhfpd;w d/ kz;Qqf;F moapy; eP Uk;. mjdoapy; gytpj cnyhf';fSk; ikaj;jpy; beUg;g[ f; FHk;g[k; ,Ue;J vhpkiy. epy eLf;fk;. g{fk;gk; nghd;w gy epfH; r;rpfis Vw;gLj;J fpd; wd/ ,it kz; fUr; rf;jpfshFk;/ ,t;thW kz; xspr; rf;jpfisa[k ; kz; fUr; rf;jpfisa[k ; g{kpia tpl;L mfyhJ tps';f itj;j mUl;b gU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

kz;fzr; rj;jpfs; tif gy gyt[k; mz;bfhs mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(390)

kz;zpnyapUe;J jhtu'; fs; njhd;wpd/ tpj;J f;fs; ,y;yhJ jhtu';fs; vg;goj; njhd;w Koa[k; vd; w tpdh vHyhk;/ jhtu';f s; ,y;y hky; tpj;J f;fs; vg;goj; njhd;w Koa[k; vd;w tpdht[k ; vH tha;g ;g[ cs; sJ/ ,e;j Iaj;ijg; nghf;f ek; bgUkhdhh; xU fhyj;jpy; tpUT&k; mdhjp/ xU fhyj;j py; tpj;J mdhjp vd;f pwhh;/ vg;goapUe;j hYk; Mjpapy; njhd;w paJ tpj;n jh. tpUl;r nkh kz;z pypUe;J jhd; njhd;w papUf;f Koa[k;/ gpd; dh; njhd;w pa gwitfs; kpUf';fs; kdpjh; fs; Kjypa midj;J $Pt uhrpfSk; kz;zpnyjhd; beU';f p thH; fpd; wd/ fzk; vd;why; Tl;lk;/ $Ptuhrpfspy; ve;j xd; iw vLj;J f; bfhz;l hYk; mJ gy;yhapuf; fzf;fpy; cs;sjhy; xt;b thU $Ptuhrpa[ k; xU Tl;lk;/ mjhtJ xU fzk;/ ,ijj; jhd; kz; fzr; rj;jpfs; vd;W k; mjd; tif gyg;gythf cz;lhf;fp mitaidj;Jk; ,e; j kz;iz Mjhukhff; bfhz;nl thGk;go tFj;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

164

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kz;epiyr; rj;jh;fs; tif gy gyt[k; mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(392)

rj;jpfs; vd;gJ bray;ghL vdpy; rj;jh; fs; vd;gJ bray;g hl;o w;Ff; fhuzkhFk;/ kz;zpny jhtu';fs; mitfspd; njhw;wj;jpw;F (gilj;jy;) Kjypad njhd;wpd vd; why; kz; z hdJ fhuzkhapw;W/

jhtu';f s; tsh;tjw;F k; kz; nz fhuzkhfpd; wJ (fhj;jy;) jhtu';f s; kl;Lkpd;wpg; gwitfs; tpy';Ffs; Vd; kdpjh; fs; cl;gl jhtu';fspd; ,iyfs;. fha;fs;. fdpfs;. tpj;Jf; fs; Mfpatw;iwg; g[rpj;J caph;thH;t jhy; midj; Japh; fspd; thH;t[f;F k; kz;nz fhuzkhfpd; wJ/ njhd;w pa midj;Jk; mHpe; J mnj kz;z py; kf; fp kz;zhf kiwe;J tpLtjhy; mHpj;jy; bjhHpYf;Fk; kiwj;j y; bjhHpYf;F';Tl kz;n z fhuzkhfpd;wJ/ kPz;Lk; mitfisj; bjhHpYf;Fk; kz; fhuzkhfpd;w J/ njhw;Wtpj;J mUsy;

kz;zpd; beUf;f j;jhy; kiyfs; njhd;wpd/ kz;zpd; tphpthy; fly;fs; njhd; wpd/ g{kpf;foapYs; s beUg;g [ btspg;gLk;nghJ vhpkiyahf btof; fpd;wJ/ ,t;thW epfGk; gyg;gy bray;ghLfSf;F f; fhuzkha[k; cs;s gyg;gy rj;jh; fshy; fhyKs;sst[ k; tpyfhJ cs;sthW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

kz; fU caph;j;bjhif tif tphp gyth mz; bfhs mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(394)

jhtu';f spYk; vj; jidnah tif cs;sd/ nkYk; Ch;td. gwg;gd. elg;gd vd;w gilg;g[fspYk; gy tpjk; cs;sd/ mitfs; btt; ntW tpj';fshf cs;sJ kl;Lky; yhky; vz;zpf;ifapYk; mst[ f; fl';f hJ cs;sd/

165

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

kz;zpny thH;fpd;w Xuwpt[ Kjy; Mwwpt[ gilj;j $Pth;fs; tiu njf';fshy; gytpj khw;w';f isf; bfhz;Lk;. vz;zpf;ifapYk; mst[ fle;Jk; tps';Fk;g o mikj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

kz;z pdpw; bghUs; gy tif tphp btt;ntW (396) mz;Q qwg; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
kz;zpny epyf;fhp. ,Uk;g[. brk;g[. bts;sp. j'; fk;. ituk; nghd;w gytifahd bghUl;fs; fpilf;fpd;wd/ xt;bthU bghUSk; gy tifahft[k; tps';Ffpd;wd/ vy;yhk; ekf;nf gad;gLfpd;wd/ kz;zpny gytifahd bghUl; fSk; me;jg; bghUspYk; gy;ntW tpj';fs; fpilf;Fk;g oa[k; g[hpe; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

kz;Q qW epiygy tFj;jpw; bray;g y mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(398)

,e;jg; g{kpapny ehk; fhQqk; kz; jpl epiyahf cs;sJ/ vhpkiy tPR k; beUg;g[f; FHk;gpny kz; zhdJ jput epiyapy; cs;sJ/ Mw;W kzy; xl;lhJ jdpj; jdpahf cjphpahf cs; sJ ? fsp kz;nzh tH tHbtd;W mlh;j ;jpahf cs;sJ/ ,t;thW kz; milaf;Toa epiyfs; gyg;gythf tFj;J mjpy; bray;ghLfSk; gythf mika[k ;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

gad; kz;z pilg; gf;F tk; tFj;jjpw; gad;g y mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(400)

,e;j kz;Qqyfk; jd;idj; jhnd Rw;Wtjhy; ,ut[ gfy; Vw;gLfpd;w J/ gfypny njhd;Wk; N:hpa btg;gk; ,utpy; jzpe;J g{kp Fsph;e ;JtpLtJ xU gf;Ft epiy/ mt;t hW epfHhtpl;lhy; $Ptd;f s; caph; thH KoahJ/

166

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g{kpapd; bfl; oj; jd; ikahy; ehk; mjd; kPJ ,Uf; f Kofpd; wJ/ ehk; ,Uf;Fk; g{kp btF ntfkhfr; Rw;Wfpd;wJ/ mjd; RHw;r pia mjd; kPnj cs;s ek;khy; mwpa Koatpy;i y/ mjd; gf;Ftj; jpw;F mjd; g[tp <h;g;g[ rf;j p xU ey;y cjhuzk;/ me; jr; rf;j p ,y;i ynay; mjd; kPJs;s ve; jg; bghUSk; epiyj;J ,Uf;f ,ayhJ/ tpj;J Kisahfp g{kpia tpl;L btspna tug; g{kp ,le;j Ufpd; wJ/ mnjnghy; bfl;oahd jiuTl Myk;tpGJ ,w';fpg; g{kpiaj; bjhl;Lg; gpd; g{kpf;Fs; nsna brd;W tpLfpwJ/ ,t;t hW mstw; w gf;F t epiyfshy; ehk; gytpjkhd gad;fis mila[k hW g[hpe; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

kz;z pay; gy gy tFj;jjpw; gpwt[k; mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(402)

kz; ,ay; mjhtJ fsp kz;. brk;k z;. tz;ly; kz;. Mw;W kz; Kjypa gythf tFj;J mit xt;bthd;wpdhYk; gytpjkhd tpist[fs; Vw;gLk;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

(ePhpay;) ? Kd;D iu 4k; ghfk;
g";r g{j';fspy; xd;whd ePhpd; jd;ikfis tpsf;Ffpd;whh;/ mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;lth; jz;zPh py; vt;thW fye;J tps';Ffpd;w hh; vd;gij mwptpf;f pd;w hh;/ jz;zPh ; vd; whny Fsph;e ;j jd; ika[ ilaJ/ cah;e ;j ,lj;jpypUe;J jhH;e ;j ,lk; nehf;fp Ch;e;J bry;tJ. bro bfhofs; kuk; Kjyhdit jz; zPhpUe;jhy; gRikahf ,Uf;f pd;wd/ jz; zPhpy;iynay; mit cyh; e;J fha;e ;J tpLk;/ brofspy; kyh;fis mjpf mstpy; kyuitg;gJk; jz;zPh ;jhd;/ fly; ePhpypUe;J fpilf;Fk; cg;g[jhd; vy;y hg; gz;l';f l;Fk; Rit nrh;f ;fpd;wJ/ ePhpdpy; Rit njhw;wk; !;ghprk; Xir Mfpa ehd;ifa[ k; czu Kofpd;wJ/ g";r g{j thpirfspy; eP uhdJ kz; Qqf;F mLj; Jk; beUg;g[ f;F Kd;Dk; tUtjhy; mij moeL vd;fpd; whh;/ jz;z Phpd;

167

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xspUk; jd;i ka[k; mjpypUe;J xsp cz;lhtija[k;. mjd; Mw;wy; kpF braw;ghLfisa[k;. gy braw;ghLfSf;Fj; jz;zPh ; fhuzkhf cs;s ija[k; jz; zPhpdhy;jhd; $Ptd; fs; caph; thH; fpd; wd vd;gija[k; mwpa[ k; nghJ nguhr; rh;ak; cz;lhfpd;w J/ ehk; rhjhuzkhfg; gad;gLj;Jk; jz;z Piug; gw;wp vz;zpg; ghh;g ;gJ ,y;iy/ ek; bgUkhdhh; ed;F rpe;jpj;jpUf;f pd;w hh;/ jz;zP h; ciwe;j epiyapy; gdpf;fl;oahf. bfhjpf;Fk; epiyapy; Mtpahf mJ epiykhWtij. me; jj; jz;zP h; vt;thbwy; yhk; ekf;Fg; gad;gLfpd;w J vd;gjid. mjd; gf; Ftj; jd;i kia ek; bgUkhdhh; gpd;tUk; thpfspy; tpsf;fp mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltUk; mtuJ mUshw;wYk; jz;zP hpy; vt;thW tps';fpr; bray;gLfpd; wd vd;g ij tpsf;Ffpd;w hh;/ fhz;nghk;/

ePh pdpy; jz;ika[k; epfG:buhGf;fKk; MUw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(404)

ePhpny Fsph; e;j jd;ikjhd; mjd; ,ay;ghdJ/ nkl;oypUe;J gs;sj; ij nehf;fpr; bry;Yk; Ch;fpd;w xGf;fKk; jz;zP Uf;F ,ay;ghf cs;sJ/ ,e;jj; jd;ikahy; MWfs; cz;lhapd/ me;j Mw;W ePhpdhy; Vuhskhd fpuhk';fspy; gaph; fs; brHpj;J tsUfpd;wd/ ePhpdpy; Ch;e ;J bry; Yk; jd; ikahy; vt;tsnth gad; fs; rpwg;g[w mika[khW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

ePh pdpy; gRikia epWj;jp mjpy; gy MUw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(406)

gaph;fSk;. bro. bfhofSk;. jhtu';f Sk; gRikahft[k ; brGikahft[k; tsh;tjw;Fj; jz;zP nu Kf;fpa fhuzkhFk;/ gRikj; jd; ikia ePh pd; trkhf epWj;jp mjdhy; ,aw;iff;Fr; brGik cz;lhf;Ffpd;w J/ vy;yh $Pt d;fSk; caph; thH;tjw;Fj; jz;z Pnu Mjhukhf cs;sJ/ jz;zPh py; brGik mspf;Fk; gRikia epWj;jp mjpw; gw;gy rpwg;g[fs; bgWkhW tFj; j mUl; bgU";n$hjp/ 168

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ePh pilg; g{tpapy; epfGW jpwtpay; Mh;ju tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(408)

brofSf;F eP h;tpl;lhy; mjpf vz;zpf;ifapy; g{f;fs; g{g;gijf; fz;T lhff; fhz; fpd; nwhk;/ ePhpdhy; g{f;fs; kyh;tija[k;. me;jg; g{f;fspy; bkd;ika[ k;. gytpj tz;z';fSk; tpjtpjkhd kz';fSk; rpwg;g[w tps';F khW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp//

ePh pdpy; Rit epiy epiuj;jjpw; gy;tif (410) MUwg; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ePhpd; Rit ,d;dbjd;W Mdhy; mJ nrh;e;J kw; w nrh;f; fpd; wJ/ jdpahff; Tw KoahJ/ bghUs;fSf;F r; Rit

fly; ePh py; cs; s cg;g[ Ritf;F Kf;fpa fhuzkha[s;s J/ ehk; cz;Qqk; czt[ midj;jpDf;Fk; Rit nrh; f;Fk; jd;i kia eP Uf;F s; mikj;J mjpy; rpwg;g[fs; gy epfGkhW g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

ePh pdpy; fUepiy epfH;j;jpa gw;gy MUw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(412)

fU = ikak; fly;. jiu kl; lj;i j tpl caukhf ,Ue;jhYk; bgh';fp tUk; miyiaf; fly; eP hpd; ika epiyahdJ kPz;Lk; ,Gj;Jf; bfhs;t jhy; flyhdJ g{kpia tpG';fhky; fiuapy; yhkypUe; Jk; fly; epiyahf cs;sJ/ flypd; ika epiyapd; Mw;wyhy; fly; fiuapy; yhkny epiy bgw;W tps';FkhWk; flypd; ikaj;jpny miyfs; ,y; yhjpUg;gjpdhy; kPd; fs; nghd; w caphpd';fs; mHpahkypUf;FkhWk; ,d; Dk; gyg;gy rpwg;g [fis tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

169

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tpj;Jf; fs; $lg; bghUs; fshFk;/ mitfspy; ePh ; nrh;e; jhy; ePhpYs;s capuQqf; fs; nrh;e;J tpijfs; Kisf;f pd;w d/ tpijfisf; fUf; bfhs;sr; bra; J ePu hdJ Kisf;f itg;gjhy; ePhpdpy; fUepiy vdf; Twg;gl; lJ/

ePh pil ehd;fpay; epyt[t pj;jjpw; gy Mh;ju tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(414)

Rit. njhw;w k;. !;ghprk;. Xir Mfpa ehd;F ,ay;g[fisa[k; eP hpy; mikj;Jg; gy gad;fisr; rpwg;ghf mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

ePh pil mo eL epiya[w tFj;J mdy; Mh;jug; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(416)

ek; Kd;n dhh; g";r g{j';fis moapw; Fwpj;Js; sthW tFj;Js;s dh;/ Mfhak; fhw;W beUg;g[ ePh; kz; ePuhdJ moepiyahd kz;z pw;Fk; eLepiyahd beUg;g[f;F k; ,ilapny cs;sjhy; moeL vdg;gl;l J/ kz;zpny CWfpd;w jz;z Ph; rhjhuzkhff; Fsph;r; rpaha; cs;sij ehk; mwpnthk;/ rpy ,l';fspy; mjhtJ ,kakiy mothuj;jpy; gdp bfhl;Lfpd; w ,lj;jpy; bte;eP h; Cw;W ,Ug;gija[k ; mwpfpnwhk;/ beUg;gpd; jd;ik eP hpYk; fye;J bte;ePh ; Cw;W Vw;gLfpwJ/ ePhpny mo eL vd;w epiy tFj;J mjpny beUg;gpd; jd;ikahd mdYk; btspg;gLkhW rpwg;g[wg; g[ hpe; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

170

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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ePh pil xspapay; epfH; gy Fztpay; Mh;ju tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(418)

ePh; bfhz; l nkfk; kpd;d byd xsp tP Rfpd;w J/ kiy nkypUe;J fPn H bfhl;L k; ePhpypUe;J jahhpf;fg;gLk; kpd;rhukhdJ ,Uisg; nghf;fp xsp jUfpd;wJ/ mLg;gpny beUg;ghfpr; rikaYf;F cjt[k;/ xspapdpy; ntW gy Fz';fSk; cz;L/ beUg;ghf cjtpa kpd;r huk; Fsph; rhjdg; bgl;oapy; FSikjUk;/ kpd; tprpwpapy; RHd;W fhw;whf tps';Fk;/ ,t;thW ePhpny xspjUk; ,ay;gpid tFj;J mjpy; gytpjkhd gz;g[ fis nkw;TwpathW rpwg;ghf mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp

ePh pilr; rj;jpfs; epfH;tif gy gy Mh;ju tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(420)

jz;zPh py;y hky; ve;j tpija[ k; Kisg;gjpy;iy/ jz;zPh ; tpl;lhy; tpijfs; Kisf;fpd;wd/ jz;z Ph ; tpLtjhy; Kisj;jit brofshff; bfhofshf ku'; fshf tsh;fpd;wd/ ePh; msnthL ,y;y hky; bgU bts;skhf khWk;nghJ gaph;f s; Kjypait mHpe;J ehrkhfpd; wd/ ,t;thbwy;yhk; eP hpny gyg;gy rf; jpfs; epfGk; tif g[hpe;J mjd; tpist[fshfg; gyg;gy rpwg;g[f is ehkila[ k;gor; bra;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

ePh pdpy; rj;jh;fs; epiwtif ciwtif Mh; Mh ;jug; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
ve;j xU fhhpaj; jpw;F k; rj;jpfis ,af;FtJ rj;j h;fs;/ xU fhuzk;

(422)

,Uf;Fk;/

ePhpd; K:ykhf Vw;gLk; vy; yhr; bray;ghl;Lf;Fhpa Mw;wy; jz; zPhpnyna epiwe;Js; sJ/ mJ fz; zpw;F k; bjhpahky; kiwe;jpUf;fpd;wJ/ me;j Mw;w y; kpf kpfr; rpwg;ghfr; bray;glg;g[h pe;J tps';Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

171

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

ePh pil caph; gy epfGW bghUs; gy MUw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(424)

jhtu';f s; Kjy; Mwwpt[ bgw;w kdpjh;fs; tiu caph; thH eP h; mtrpak;/ flypny thH;fpd;w caph; fspd; vz;zpf;ifnah vz; zpyl';fhJ ? mitfspd; tiffSk; mst[ fle;j it/ me; jf; flypny Vw;gLk; miyfs; ? miyfsw;w MH; e;j flypd; mikjp fly; bgh';Fjy; Kjypa epfH; r;rpfs;. me;j f; fly; ePhpy; njhd;Wgit/ ,t;thW ePhpny caph;fs; thHt[k; me; ePhpd; K:y khfg; gy mw;g[j ';fs; epfHt[k ; rpwg;g[w mikj;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

ePh pil epiygy epiya[W bray;gy Mh;bfhs tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(426)

jz;zPu hdJ Fsph;e;j nghJ gdpf; fl; oahf ciwe; J tpLfpd;w J ? gdpf; fl;o cUfpj; jput epiyahfpd;w J ? bfhjp epiyapy; Mtpahfp tpLfpd;w J/ yhg;yhe;J ehl;L v!;fpnkhf;f s; fl;o thH;f; ifna elj; Jfpd;whh;fs;/ gdpf;fl; oahy; tPL

jz;zPh pdhy; Vw;gLk; ed;ikfnsh Vl; o yl';fhjit/ ePuhtpapdhy; czt[ jahhpg;gJ. buapy;fs; (bjhlh; tz;o) XLtJ nghd;W vt;tsnth bray;fs; epfGfpd; wd/ gdpf;fl;o bta;apw; bgUf;bfLj;J XLk;/ fhyj; jpy; cUfp Mwha;g ;

,t;thW ePh py; gy epiyfSk; mjd; xt;bthU epiyapYk; gyg;gy bray;fs; rpwg;g[w ,a';FkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

172

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

ePUW gf;Ft epiwt[W gad;g y MUw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(428)

mhprpia ePh pny Cw itj;J r; N:nlw; wpdhy; rhjkhfpwJ/ fodkhd bghUis ePhpny Cwitj;jhy; mJ bkd;ikahd jd;i k mila[k ;/ tpijfs; ePh pd; gf;Ftj;j hy; Kis tpl;L tsh; fpd; wd/ g[we; J}a;ik ePu hd; mika[k; vd; wJ nghy mGf;i fg; nghf;fpj; J}a;ikg; gLj;Jk; gf;Ftk; ePUf;F cz;L/ ePh; mile;j gf;Ftj; jd; ikahy; epiwthd gad;fisr; rpwg;g[w mikj;j mUl; bgU";n$hjp/ gytpj

ePh pay; gygy epiuj;jjpy; gpwt[k; Mh;jug; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(430)

ePhpd; jd;i k ,Jtiu TwpaJnghy gyg;gythf epiwe; J tps';FtJld; mjd; jd;i k tphpf;fpw; bgUFkhW rpwg;g[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(jPa pay;) ? Kd;D iu 5k; ghfk;
g";r g{j';f spy; eLthd Fz';fisa[k; tpthpf;fpd;whh;/ jPa pd; jd;ikfisa[k ;

jPahdJ ve; jg; bghUSld; nrh;e ;jhYk; jd;dplKs; s mdiy mg;bghUl;F r; brYj; Jk;/ jPahdJ bghUis vhpj;J mjd; mGf; ifg; nghf;fpr; Rj;j khf;Fk;/ N:h pa xspapy; jhkiu. N: hpafhe;jp nghd;w kyh; fs; kyUk;/ jPapny vg;nghJk; xsp kl;Lnk ,Uf;Fk; ? jP beUg;ghf tps';Fk; nghJ njhd; wpa[k ; ? mdyhf tps';Fk;nghJ fz;Qqf;F j; njhd;w hJ bjhl;L czUkhWk; cs; sJ/ njhw;w k; !;ghprk; Xir Mfpa K:d;W ,ay;g[fs; jPapDf;F cz;L/ g";r g{j';f spy; eLepiy tfpg;gJ jPahFk;/ jPa hdJ rpwpajhf ,Uf;Fk; fhyj; jpy; ekJ fl;Lf;Fs; ,Ue;J 173

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

ekf;Fj; njitahd gyepiyfspy; gad;gLfpd; wJ/ mJnt bgUe;jPa hf khWk; nghJ vy; yhtw; iwa[ k; vhpj; J ehrkhf;Fk; nguhw;w iy btspg;gLj;Jfpd;w J/ Mf; fy; mHpj;j y; Mfpa vy;yhr; bray; ghLfSk; jPapdhy; tpisfpd;wd/ btg;gk; ,y;yhtpl;lhy; caph;fs; thH ,ayhJ/ jPahdJ Fiwe;Jk; kpFe;Jk; gy epiyfspy; gytpjkhfg; gad;gLfpwJ/ btg;gj;jpy; fhahdJ fdpahFk;/ jP apy; ntf itj; jhy; czitr; Ritj;J cz;z KofpwJ/ jPahdJ ,;d ;Dk; vt;thbwy;yhk; bray;gLfpd;wJ vd;g ij ek; bgUkhdhh; rpe;jpf;fpd;whh;/ ehKk; mtuJ rpe;jidapy; yapj;J kfpH;e;J gadilnthkhf/

jPa pdpy; N:l;oay; nrh; jur; brytpay; Ma[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(432)

jPapd; ,ay;ng RLk; jd;ikjhd;/ jPa py; ve;jg; bghUs; nrh;e; jhYk; jPahdJ me;jg; bghUSf;Fk; gut[k;/ xU ghj;jpuj;jpYs;s kpFe;j N:Ls; s bte; ePhpy; Fsph; e;j ePiur; nrh;j; jhy; Fsph; e;j eP Uf;F bte;ePh pYs;s N:L gutp me;j f; Fsph;e; j eP hpd; jd; ik khwp bte; ePuhfpwJ/ Kd;gpUe;j bte;ePh pd; btg;gk; Fiwt[gl;L tpLfpwJ/ N:nlwpa Xh; ,Uk;g[j ;Jz; il Fsph;e ; j ePU s;s xU ghj;jpuj;jpy; nghl;lhy; me;jf; Fsph;e; j eP h; N: lhFk;/ ,Uk;g[j ; Jz; oy; Kd;gpUe;j N:L Fiwe;J (brythfp) ,Uf;f f; fhzyhk;/ Fsph;e;j eP hpd; nrh;f; ifahy; ,Uk;g[ j ; Jz;oypUe;j N:L brythfptpl;lJ/ jPapd; RLk; jd; ikahdJ ntbwU bghUspd; nrh;f; ifahy; mjw;Fk; gut[k; jd; ikahy; brythFkhW mjhtJ Fiwa[k hW tFj;J s;s mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

174

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

gytha; jPa pdpy; btz;ikj; jpfHpay; gytha; Ma[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(434)

btz;ik vd;gJ Rj;jk;/ ve;j xU bghUisj; jPapy; Rl;lhYk; mjpYs;s mGf;f hdJ tpyfp mJ J}a;ika[Wk;/ jPahdJ mGf; if eP f;fpr; Rj;jkhf;Fk; jd;ikbfhz;L jpfH;tjhy; gytif ed;ikfs; Vw;gLk;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ bghd;dhdJ jPa py; Rlr;R l vg;go mjpfkhfpd;wnjh mt;thnw jtj; jpdhy; fdy; clyhdJ xsp njfkhf khWk;/ gpufhrk; Vw Vw

jPa pilg; g{btyhk; jpfGW jpwbkyhk; Ma[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(436)

N:hpa xspapdhy; jhkiu kyh;tJk; N:h paid nehf; fpna N:hpafhe;jp kyh; e;J jpUk;g[t Jk; ehkwpe;jnj/ N: hpa xspapdhy; kyh;fbsy;y hk; tz;z ';fs; epiwe; J tps';F khW Mw;wypd; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

jPa pdpy; xspna jpfGw mikj;jjpy; Ma;g y tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(438)

jPapdpy; (,Us; vd;g nj ,y;y hJ) xsp kl;Lnk tPRk; go mikj;J mjdhy; gy ed;ikfs; cz;lhFk;g o mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[: cyf ,af; fnk gfypy; njhd;Wk; N: hpa xspapdhy; epfGfpd;wJ/ re;j pu xsp ,utpny mikjp jUfpd;wJ/ N: hpa xspapdhy; xspr; nrh;f ;if K:yk; jhtu';f s; tha[ kz; lyj;j pYs; s fhpakpy tha[itg; gpuhztha[thf khw;wp caph;f is thHr; bra;fpwJ/ N: hpa mLg;gpy; N:h pa xspapdhy;

175

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

rikay; bra;ag;gLfpd;w J/ ,t;t hW vt;tsnth tpj';fspy; xspahdJ ekf;Fg; gad;gLfpwJ/

jPa pil mUepiy jpUepiy fUepiy Ma[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(440)

jPahdJ mf;fpdpaha; cs;s nghJ njhd;w hj mUt epiy bfhz;l jha; cs;sJ/ (cjhuzk;: ghiyf; fha; r;rpf; fPnH ,wf; fp itj;j hy; N:L MWtjw;F Kd; mijj; bjhl;l hy; mJ RLk;/ Mdhy; mjpYs;s jPa hdJ fz;Qqf;F j; njhd;whJ) bfhGe;J tpl;L vhpa[ k; beUg;g[ fz;zpw;Fj; bjhpfpd;w J/ tpwF. fhp nghd;w bghUs;f spy; cs;s jPapidf; fUepiy vd;W Twyhk;/ ,t;thW njhw;wkpy;yhj mUt epiya[ k;. njhw; wkhfpd;w cUt epiya[k;. ikak; bfhz;Ls; s fU epiya[k; bfhz;L jPahdJ tps';F khW mikj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

jPa pil K:tpay; brwptpj;J mjpw;g y Ma;tif mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(442)

njhw;w k;. !;ghprk;. Xir. Mfpa K:d; W ,ay;g[fisj; jPapdpy; bghUe; j itj;J mjpy; gy tpist[fs; Vw;gLkhW mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

jPa pil eLepiy jpfH;eL eLepiy Ma[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(444)

kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[. fhw;W. Mfhak; Mfpa g";r g{j';fspy; beUg;ghdJ eL epiyapy; tps';Ffpd;wJ/ ey;y bghUnsh bfl;l bghUnsh vJthdhYk; jPapypl;lhy; vhpe;JtpLk;/ Kothf mg; bghUisj; jd; kakhfnt Mf; fpj; jd;Ds; nsna If;fpa khf;fpf; bfhs; Sk; eL epiyiaa[ k ; jPapdpny rpwg;g[w tFj;j mUl;bgU"; n $hjp.

176

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

jPa pilg; bgUe;jpwy; rpj;jpfs; gy gy Ma[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(446)

tPL fl;Lfpd;w br'; fy; Kjy; tP;l;o w;Fj; njitahd ghj;jpu';fSld; ehl;o w;Fj; njitg;gLk; ,ae;jpu';fs; tiu jahhpf; f beUg;g[ njitg;gLfpd;wJ/ mzpfyd;fs; bra;tjw;F k; beUg;g[ gad;gLfpwJ/ bgUe;jPa pdhy; Vw;gLk; ehr tpist[fs; kpft[ k; fLikahf cs;s d/ vhpkiy btoj;jhy; me;j beUg;ig mizf;f nth. mlf;f nth mJ Vw;gLj;J k; ehrj; ijj; jLf;f nth VJk; tHpna ,y; iy/ ,t;thW jPapdpy; mstpl mikj; J mjd; tpist[f isa[k ; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (m) jtj;jhy; tUk; mUl; fdyhy; mstw; w Mw;wy; bgw;w rpj;jpfs;. mc&;lkh rpj;jpfs; cl;gl midj; Jk; tps';F khW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Koah nguhw;wy; fis gad;gLkhW mikj;j

jPa pilr; rpj;J fs; brg;g [W k; midj;J k; Ma[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
g";r g{j';f spy; ekf;Fj; bjhpe;j bghpa N:hpad;/ me; jr; N:hpa xsp ,y;i ynay; $Ptd;fs; KoahJ/ re;jpudpd; Fsph;e;j ,jkhd xsp N:hpa gpujp gypg;ng MFk;/ jtk; bra;J rpj;Jfnsh Vuhsk;/ jtf; fdy; cilnahh;

(448) beUg;g[ $Ptpf;f xspapd;

Mw;Wk;

,t;thW jPapdplj; jpy; jtKilnahh; brhy; byy; yhk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

rpj;J fs; Vw;gLk;goa[k ; gypf;Fk;goa[ k; mikj;j

Mjhuk; ? mk;gyj; jpy; v'; fs; Iah; Moa ey;y hl;l k; md;bghL Jjpj;jth;f ;F MdJ brhy;yhl;lk;/

177

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

jPa pilr; rj;jpfs; brwpjU rj;jh;fs; Ma;g y tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(450)

jPapdplj;nj Mf;f y;. mspj;j y;. mHpj;jy; Kjypa bray;ghLfs; midj;J k; epfH;j;j f;T oa rf;jpfSk;. mjw;F K:yfhuzkhd rj;j h;fSk; gy tifapy; tps';F khW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : N:hpa btg;gj;jpdhy; jahhpf; fg;gLk; kpd;rhuk; xU bghpa rf;j pahFk;/ ve;jr; N:hpa xsp $Ptuhrpfs; thH;tjw;F Mjhukhf cs;snjh mnj N:hpa xsp vYk;gpy;yhj g[G nghd;w $Ptd; fis vhpj;J k; tpLk;/

bghUs; jPa pil caph;g y jpfGW bghUs; gy Ma;tif mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(452)

btg;gj;jpdhy; caph; fs; thGkhW bra; jjd;wpg; gytpj $lg; bghUl; fSf;Fk; Mjhukhf ,Uf;FkhW mikj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ vy;yh $Ptd;fl;F k; njitahd gpuhz tha[ Kjypad tha[ kz;lyj;jpny epiyahf ,Uf; ft[k; $lg; bghUl; fs; gj';bflhky; ,Ug;gjw;Fk; N:hpa xspna fhuzk;/

jPa pil epiygy jpfH; bray; gy gad; Ma;g y tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(454)

jPahdJ kpFe;Jk; Fiwe;Jk; msnthL ,Ue;Jk; gy epiyfspy; tps';fp mjdhy; tpisaf; Toa gad;fSk; gyg;gythf ,Uf;Fk;go mikj; j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp tP;l;ony tpsf;F vhptJ Fiwe;j jP mJnt kpFkhdhy; ,Uk;iga[ k; bghd;ida[k; cUf;F k;/

178

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

jPa pdpy; gf;F tk; nrh;F zk; ,aw; Fzk; Ma;g y tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(456)

ve;jg; bghUSf;Fk; gf;Ftj;i jr; nrh;f; ff;T oa Fzj;ij. ,ay;ghd jd;ikiaj; jPa pdplk; itj;J mjd; tpisthfg; gytpjg; gad;fis mila[ khW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ K:l;lk; nghl; l btg;gj;j py; fhahdJ fdpahfpwJ/ fhiaf; fdpahf;F k; gf;Ftk; me;j btg;gj; jpy; ,Uf;f pd;wJ/ mhprpia ePh py; nghl;L ntfitj;jhy; mhprpapd; bfl;oj;jd; ik khwp bkd; ikahd gf;Ftkhd rhjkhfpwJ/ khh;fHp khjj; jpny N:h pa xsp FspUf; F ,jkhfg; gf;Ftkhf cs;sJ/

jPa pil cUf;fpay; rpwg;g pay; bghJtpay; Ma[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(458)

ve;jg; bghUisa[k; cUf;Fk; rpwg;ghd jd; ikiaj; jPapdplj;jpy; bghJthf itj; J mj; jd;i k khwhJ tps';Fk;g o tFj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ kz;. ,Uk;g[. brk;g[. bts;sp. j'; fk; Mfpa vy;y hg; bghUl;fSk; jPa py; cUFk;/ jPapd; cUf;Fk; Mw;wypdhy;jhd; cnyhf';fspypUe;J gy bghUl;fis cw;gj;j p bra;a KofpwJ/ (m) jtj;jpdhy; cz; lhFk; fdyhdJ fy;yhd kdija[k; cUf;f pf; fdpt[W khW bra;t Jld; ,ij Ma;t[ bra;J mwpa[k hW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Mjhuk; : fw; nwd; rpw;wk;gyf; fy;tpiaf; fw;Wf; fUiz bewp cw;nwd; vf;fhyKk; mHpahky; X';F k; xsp totk; bgw;nwd; cyfpy; gpw epiyiag; gw;nwd; rpthde;jg; gw;nw vd; gw; bwdg; gw;wpdnd/ 179

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

jPa pay; gygy brwpj;jjpy; gyt[k; Ma[wg; g[hpe;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(460)

jPapdpd; jd; ikfs; ,d;Dk; gyg;gythf mikj;J mjdhy; gyg;gy tpist[fisa[k; epfGk;gog; g[ hpe; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

(fhw;wpay;) ? Kd;D iu 6k; ghfk;
fhw;W ,lk; tpl;L ,lk; efUtjhy; btg;gj;j pdhy; tUk; g[Gf;fk; ,y;y hky; ek; khy; thH Kofpd; wJ/ fhw;wpny bkd;ik td;ik vd;W gytpjKz;L/ g[ayhy; gy Jd;g';fSk; cz;l hfpd;wd/ fhw;W ika';bfhz;L mGj;jk; kpFe;J g[ayhf cUthfp kiH bghHpa itf;fpd;wJ ? fhw;W fz;Qqf;Fj; njhd;w hjjhapUe; j hYk; !;ghpr czh;t hy; mwpa Kofpd;wJ ? !;g hprk; jtpu Xira[k; fhw;wpy; cz;L/ g";r g{j';fspy; fhw;W eLthfpa beUg;g[f;Fk; filahfpa thdj;jpw;Fk; ,ilna ,Ug;gjhy; ,il eL my;yJ fil eL vdyhapw;W / fhw; wpny gpuhz tha[. fhpakpy tha[. icwl;u $d;. iel;u$d; nghd; w gy tha[f;fs; mz; lj;j pYk; mghdd; cjhdd; ,akhdd; nghd; w gytpj tha[f; fs; gpz;lj; jpYk; cs;s d/ fhw;W $Pth;fl; F thHitf;Fk; caph; K:r;rhf ,Uf;f pd;w J/ mJ bkd;ikahf tPrpr; RfKkspf;Fk; ? Niwahf tPrp cyifa[k; mHpf;Fk;/ epyj;j py; thH;e ;jhYk; eP hpy; thH;e ;jhYk; Rthrpf;f hky; ve;j $Pt dhy; thH Koa[k; > $Pth;fspd; Ma[l;fhy tsh; r;rpa[k;. Fiwt[k; mth;fs; tpLk; K:r;R f; fhw;wpd; tpisntahFk;/ g[wj;jpny fhw;w pd; bray;ghLfis tpsf;fpa ek; bgUkhdhh; ekJ clk;gpnya[k; mjd; bray;ghl; il tpsf;Ffpd;w hh;/ kdk; g[j;jp Kjypa fuz';fspd; ,af; fj;jpw;Fk; ek;K ila Rthrj;j pw;Fk; beU';fpa bjhlh;g[ cz;L vd;f pwhh;/ fhw; wpd; bray;ghLfshy; vt;t snth gad;fis ehk; Ja;f;f pd;n whk;/ Mof; fhw; wpy; mk;kpa[ k; gwf;Fk; vd;ghh;f s;/ mJnghy; tPRfpd; w fhw;iwf; bfhz;L fhyj; ija[k; mwpa Koa[k;/

180

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fhw;nwhL fhw;whf ,iwtd; fye; J bray;gLtij bgUkhdhh; tpsf;Ftij Cd;wp mwpnthkhf/

ek;

fhw;wpil mirapay; fiyapay; caphpay; Mw;wypd; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(462)

Xhplj; jpypUe;J kw;nwhhplj;jpw;F efuf; Toa Mw;wiyf; fhw;w pdpy; mikj;J. $P th;fsplj;nj ,lfiy gp';fiy RGk;id vd; w bgahpy; ,lJehrp. tyJ ehrp. eL eho Mfpa K: d;W epiyfspy; Rthrk; ,a';Fk;g or; bra;J. $Pth;fspd; caph; ,af;fnk fhw; wpdhy; ,Uf;F k;gog; nguhw;w ypy; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

fhw;wpilg; g{tpay; fUJW jpwtpay; Mw;wypd; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(464)

fhw;W bkd;ikahf tP Rk;nghJ g{ vt;tst[ bkd;ikahf tps';Ffpd;wnjh me;j bkd;ikiaf; fhw;wpy; czh;fpd;nwhk;/ fz; Qqf;Fj; njhd;whj fhw;W !;ghpr czh;tpdhy; fUj; jpdhy; mwpe; J bfhs;Sk; tifapy; Mw;wYld; tFj;j mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

fhw;wpdpy; Cwpay; fhl;L W gygy Mw;wypd; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
CW = Jd;gk;

(466)

bkd;ikahd jd;i k kl;Lnk fhw;Wf;F cz;L vd;gjpy;iy/ mJ bgU'; fhw;w hfg; g[ayhf tPRk; nghJ me;jf; fhw;nw bgU";nrjj;i ja[k; bgUe; Jd;gj; ija[k ; tpistpf; ff; Toa nguhw;wnyhL tps';Ffpd;wJ/ caph;r ; nrjk;. bghUl; nrjk; Kjypa bgUe; jP' ;Ffisa[k ; cz;lhf;Fk; Mw;w Yld; mikj;j mUl; bgU";n$hjp/

181

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fhw;wpdpy; bgUepiy fUepiy mstpy Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(468)

fhw;wpdpny bgU';f hw;w hf tPR k; bgUepiya[ k ; mg;bgU'; fhw; why; gyg;gy tpist[f is Vw;gLj;JkhWk; cs;sJ/ mnj fhw;W ikak; bfhz;Lg; gpd; dh; bgU';fhw;whf. g[ayhf cUthfpd;w J/ bgU';fhw;W vdg; g[ayhft[k ;. ika';bfhs;Sk; jd;ikiaf; fUepiy vdt[k; ,itfshy; mstw;w Mw;wiy btspg;gLj;JkhWk; tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

fhw;wpil <hpay; fhl;o mjpw;g y Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(470)

fhw;W tPRfpwJ vd;gij mJ ek;kPJ gLk;nghJ Vw;gLk; !;ghpr czh;tpdhy; kl;L nk mwpe;J bfhs; s KofpwJ/ fhw;W tPRk; nghJ Xira[k; cz; lhfpwJ/ fhw;wpny !;ghprk;. Xir Mfpa ,uz;L ,ay;g[f is mikj; J mjpny gytpj bray; fis elj;jt[k ; tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

fhw;wpdpy; ,il eL fil eL mfk;g [wk; (472) Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[. fhw;W. Mfhak; Mfpa g";r g{j thpirapy; eLthfpa beUg;gpw;Fk; filahfpa Mfhaj;jpw;Fk; ,ilapny fhw;W Twg;gLtjhy; mJ ,ileL (my;yJ) fileL vd;w epiy bgw;w J/ Mfhak; ? fil fhw;W (,ileL ? fileL) beUg;g[ (eL) ePh; (mo eL) kz; (mo) nkYk; fhw; whdJ g[wj; jpny ,a';FtJld; xt;bthU $Ptuhrpapd; clk;gpny (mfj;jpny) ,a';FkhWk; tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

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fhw;wpdpy; Fzk;g y fzk; gy tzk;g y Mw;wypd; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp (474)
fhw;whdJ bkd;ikahf tPrpr; Rfj;ija[k ; jUk;/ g[ayhf tPrpj; Jd;gj;ija[k; tpistpf; Fk;. vhpa[k ; jP nkYk; vhpaf; fhw;W cjt[k ;/ rpW jPahdhy; fhw;W me;j j; jPia mizf; ft[k; bra;a [k;/ fhw;W vd;W bghJthfr; brhd;d hYk; mwptpay; epg[zh; fs; mJ xd;w y;y gytpjkhd tha[f;fs; nrh;e ;j xU Tl;lnk vd;fpd;wdh;/ mjhtJ fhw;wpny gpuhztha[. fhpakpytha[. icwl;u $d; tha[. iel;u $d; tha[ nghd; w gy tha[f;fs; btspapYk; mghdd; cjhdd; nghd;w tha[f;f s; gpz;lj; jpYk; bray;gLfpd;wd/ ,e; j tha[f; Tl; l';f isna fzk;gy vd;W TWfpd;whh;/ xt;bthU tha[tpw;Fk; xt;bthU Fzk; ,Ug;g jhy; me;jf; Fz';fis tz;z ';fs; vdf; Twg;gl;Ls; sJ/ fhw;wpny Fz';f s; gy. tiffs; gy. jd;i kfs; gy tFj;J ,it midj;jpYk; Mw;wiya[k; mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

fhw;wpilr; rj;jpfs; fzf;fpy cyg;g py Mw;wt[k; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(476)

fhw;wpdhy; Vw;gLk; tpist[f is mstpl;L f; Tw KoahJ/ caph; fis thH;t pf;Fk; mnj fhw;W N:iwf; fhw;whf khwp caph; fis mHpf;f t[k; bra;a[k ;/ mJ bkd;ikahf tPr pr; Rfj;i ja[k; jUk; / td;ikahf khwp tUj;jt[ k; bra;a[k ;/ me;j f; fhw;w hdJ kpd;rhuk; cw;gj;jp bra;at[k; gad;gLfpd;wJ/ ,t;thW me; jf; fhw;wpd; rf;jpfs; mstw;w jhf cs;sJ kl;Lkpd;wp mjd; Mw;wy; vf;fhyj;Jk; Fiwt[glhkYk; tps';FkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ ,e;j g{ kz; lyj; ijr; Rw;wpa[ s;s Xnrhd; vd;w fhw;W tisak; N: hpadplkpUe;J tUfpd;w btg;gj; jpdhy;

183

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Vw;glf; Toa gy jPaitfisg; g{kpia mQqfbthl;lhky; jil bra;J caph;f is thH itj;Jf; bfhz; oUf; fpd; wJ/ fhw;wpny cs;s <ug;girjhd; kiHf;F fhuzk;/

fhw;wpilr; rj;jh;fs; fzpj';fle;jd Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(478)

rj;jp vd;gJ bray; ? me;jr; bray; epfHf; fhuzkha[s;s J my;yJ me;jr; rj;jpia ,af;ff;Toa Mw;wy; cs; sJ vJnth mJnt rj;j h; vdg;gLtJ/ fhw;W bkd;ikahf tPRtJk; td; ikahf tPR tJk; g[ayhf tPRtJk; mjd; brayhFk; ? caph;fis thH itg;gJk; mHpg;gJk; fhw;wpd; bray;ghnl MFk;/ ,r; bray; fl;bfy;yhk; fhuzkhf cs;sJ vJnth mJnt rj; jh; vdg;gl; lJ/ fhw;w pd; rj;jpfs; mjhtJ bray;ghL fzf;fpy;yhjit/ vdnt mr;rf;jpfSf;Ff; fhuzkhf cs;s rj;jh; fSk; fzf;fpy;yhjit Mapd/ fhw;wpdpy; bray;g hLfisg; gythf itj;J mij ,af;F'; fhuz fh;j ;jhf;fshfpa rj; jh;fisa[k; fzf;f py; ml';f hjthW mikj;j mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ capuw;w $lg;bghUs;fisg; gf;Ftk; mgf;Ftk; gf;Fth gf;Ftk; vd K:d;W tifahfg; gphpj; jJ tha[tpd; branyahFk;/ bghUs;fs; K: d;W tifahfg; gphpf;f f; fhw;W fhuzk; mjhtJ rj;jh; vd mike;j J/

fhw;wpil caph;g y fjp gy fiy gy Mw;wypd; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(480)

ve;j $PtDk; fhw; wpy; yhky; caph; thH ,ayhJ/ fhw;W kz;lyk; v';F ,y;i ynah m';nf caph; fs; vJt[k ; thH;tjpy;iy/ (re;jpu kz; lyj; jpny fhw;n w ,y;yhjjhy; m';nf ve;j capUk; thHtpy; iy) vy; yh caph;fSk; fhw;iwr; Rthrpj; nj thH;fpd;wd/

184

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fjp vd;gJ fhw;W tPRk; jd;i kiaf; Fwpg;gJ/ mJt[k; gythf ,Ug;gijf; fhz;fpnwhk;/ kdpjh;fshfpa ehk; xU epkplj;j pw;Fr; ruhrhp 15 Kiw Rthrpf;fpd;nwhk;/ Mdhy; Miknah xU epkplj;j pw;F xnu xU Kiwjhd; Rthrpf; fpd; wJ/ fjp vd;g J nghf;F/ RthrkhdJ vy; yh $Ptd;fl;Fk; xnu khjphp ,Ug;gjpy;iy/ vdnt fjpgy vd ek; bgUkhdhh; TWfpd;whh;/ rpj;j tpj;ahh;j;j pfs; vdg;gLnthh; mRtfjp. rpk;kfjp vd;bwy;yhk; fjpia tFj;Jg; bgahpl;Ls;sdh;/ g[wj;jpnya[k ; tPR fpd; w fhw;w pd; nghf;F xnu khjphpahf ,Ug;gjpy; iy/ vdnt fjpfs; gy vd;gJ g[wj;jpw;Fk; bghUe;J k;/ ehk; Rthrpf;fpd;w fhw;whdJ ,lJ ehrpapy; elg;gijr; re;jpu fiy vd;W k;. tyJ ehrpapy; elg;gijr; N:h pafiy vd;W k;. eL ehoiar; RGk;i d vdt[k; bgahpl; oUf; fpd; wdh;/ fhw;wpdhy; vy;y h caph; fSk; thGk;goa[k;. Rthrpf;fpd;w jd;ik gythft[k ;. ,lJ. tyJ. eL vd; w mstpy; fiyfs; gythft[k; kpFe;j Mw;wYld; fhw;wpid mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

fhw;wpil ehdpiyf; fUtpfs; midj;jpida[k; (482) Mw;W w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
kdk; bray;gLk;nghJ mjd; bjhlh;ghfg; g[j;jp. rpj; jk;. mf';f huk; Mfpa K: d;Wk; bray;gLk; / kdk; bray;gLk; tiu RthrKk; ,a';Fk;/ vdnt Rthrk; jilgLkhdhy; kdKk; jilgLk;/ Rthrkhfpa fhw;W. kdk;. g[j;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';f huk; Mfpa ehd;F fUtpfisa[ k; ,a';f itf;f pwJ/ ,t;thW ,a'; f itj;j mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/ ehdpiyf; fUtpfs; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ kdk; g[j; jp rpj;jk; mf'; fhuk;

kdKjw; fUtpfs; kd;Daph; btspapil
mdKw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp (mfty; 574)

185

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kdk; ,a';fr; Rthrk; ,a';Fk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;:

kd; kdk; v';Fz;L tha[t';F z;L
kd; kdk; v';fpy;iy tha[t[ k';f py;i y kd; kdj;Jns kfpH;e ;jpUg;ghh;f ;F kd; kdj;Jns kndhyakhnk (jpUke;jpuk;)

fhw;wpil czhpay; fUjpay; Mjpa Mw;W w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(484)

kuk;. bro. bfhofspd; miritf; bfhz;Lk;. ek; clk;gpd; kP J gLfpd;w !;ghpr czh;itf; bfhz;L k; tPRfpd; w fhw;iw mwpa Kofpd; wJ/ fhw;W vd;g J fz;zpw;Fj; bjhpahj bghUshdhYk; !;ghpr czh;tpdhy; mwpa Kofpd;wJ/ fz;Qqf;F j; njhw; whj fhw;i w !; ghpr czh;itf; bfhz;L fUj;jhy; mwpaf; Toa mstpy; bray;ghLfs; epfGk;t if mikj;j mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/

fhw;wpilr; brabyyhk; fUjpa gabdyhk; (486) Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Jzpfspy; cs; s <uj; ijf; fhw;W cwp";rpj; Jzpfis cyh;j; Jfpd;wJ/ flypny glfhdJ gha;kuk; tphpf;fg;gl;lt[l d; fhw;wpdhy; ce; jg;gl;Lj; jhdhfnt bry;fpwJ/ tptrhapfs; bey;ypy; cs;s gjh; fisj; J}w;wpf; bfhs;s tPR k; fhw; nw cjt[fpd;wJ/ mLg;g [ vhptJ Kjy; kpd;rhuk; cw;gj;j p bra;tJtiu gytpjkhd bray;fs; fhw;wpdhy; epfH;fpd;wd/ mr; bray;f spdhy; vd;bdd;d gad;fis mila vz;Qqfpd;nwhnkh mtw;i wbayhk; mila[k hW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

186

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fhw;wpdpy; gf;F tf; fjpbayhk; tpistpj;J (488) Mw;wypd; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
fhw;wpd; tPR k; jd;ikna fjp vdg; gLtjhk;/ fhw;W bkd;ikahft[k ; tPryhk;/ td;ikahft[k ; tPryhk;/ nfhilfhyj; jpy; bta;a pypd; btg;g k; kpFjpahf cs; s neuj;j py; fly; fhw;W efiu nehf;f p tPRk;nghJ gf;Ftkhd xU Rfj; ij mspf; fpwJ/ mnj nghyj; bjd;wy; fhw;Wk; Rfk; jUtjhFk;/ fhw;wpny ,t;thW gytpj gf;Ftkhd fjpfis Vw;gLj;jp mit mit mitfl;Fhpa fhy';f spy; epfGkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

fhw;wpdpy; fhyk; fUJW tifbayhk; Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(490)

nfhil fhyj;jpny mdy; fhw;W tPRk;/ Fsph; fhyj;j pny thilf; fhw;W tPRk;/ tre;j fhyj; jpny bjd;wy; fhw;W tPRk;/ Mof; fhw; wpy; mk;kpa[k; gwf;Fk; vd;gJ gHbkhHp/ gyj; j fhw;W Mo khjj;jpny tP Rk;/ ,t;thW fhyj;jpw; nfw;wthW fhw; iw tPRk;g or; bra;J mf;fhw;wpd; tPRk; jd;ikiaf; bfhz; nl fhyj; ij (nfhil ? Fsph; ? tre;j k;) mwpa[ khW mikj; j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

fhw;wpay; gygy fzpj;jjpw; gpwt[k; Mw;wt[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(492)

fhw;wpd; jd;i kfs; gythft[k; mjdhy; bray;ghLfs; gyg;gy epfGkhWk; tFj;j mUl; b gU";n$hjp ? gpwt[k ; vd;gJ ,Jtiu TwpaJnghff; Twhky; tpLgl;L s;s bray;fisf; Fwpg;gjhFk;/

(btspapay;) ? Kd;D iu 7k; ghfk;
g:";rg{j'; fspy; filrpahf cs; s Mfhaj;ijg; gw;wpa tphpt[fs; ,dp tUk; thpfspy; Twg;gLfpd;wd/ ,e;jg; gue;j

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btspapny mz;l';fs; njhd;wpf; bfhz;nl ,Uf;fpd;wd/ njhd;W k; mz;l ';fs; mj; jidf;Fk; ,lk; bfhLj;J ,e;j btsp tphpe;J bfhz;nl tUfpd; wjhk;/ Xir xd;W kl;Lk; btspapny epiwe; J vy;yh mz;l';fSk; me;j btspf;Fs; ns gf;Ftkhf mika[khW Mz; lth; tFj;Js;s hh;/ N:h pad; re;jpud; Kjypa mj;jid nfhs; fSk; btspapypUe;n j njhd;w pait MFk;/ g";r g{j'; fspy; moepiy kz; vdpy; Koepiy btspahf cs; sJ/ btspapypUe;J njhd;wpa mj;jid bghUl; fSk; btspapnyna ml';f ptpLtd MFk;/ btspf;F ve;jg; bghUisa[ k; me; jhpf;Fk; Mw; wYz;L/ mUtkhf cs; s btspapny kz; eP h; beUg;g[ fhw;W nghd;w g{j jj;Jt'; fs; gyt[ k; tps';Ffpd; wd/ re;jhd tpUj;jp bra;a[k; mj;j id capuQqf;fSk; btspapny epiwe; Js;s d/ btspapd; Mw; wy;f is ,d;Dk; tphpf; fpy; bgUFk; vd ek; bgUkhdhh; bjhptpf;fpd;whh;/

btspapilg; gFjpapd; tphptpay; miztpay; (494) mspa[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Muk;gk;. Kot[ vd;w ,uz;Lk; ,y; yhjnj ,e;jg; gue; j btspahFk;/ ,g;gog;gl; l gue;j btspapny g{kp vd;gJ xU fpufk;/ brt;t ha;. g[j d;. tpahHd;. Rf;fpud;. rdp vd;gd nghd;w gyg;gy nfhs;fisf; bfhz; lnj Xh; mz;lkhFk;/ Xh; mz;l k; vd;gJ btspapd; xU gFjpna MFk;/ ,t;thW gyg;gy gFjpfisf; bfhz;l nj btspahFk;/ mz; l';f nsh g[jpJ g[jpjhfj; njhd;wpf; bfhz;nl ,Uf;fpd;wd/ njhd;wpa mz;l';fisa[k; njhd;wpf; bfhz;o Uf; fpd;w mz; l';f isa[k ; jd;Ds; ns mlf;fpf; bfhz;L btspahdJ tps';F fpd; wJ/ tphpe;J bfhz;nl tUfpd;w btspapd; gFjpfshd mz;l';fisa[k; mt;t z;l';fisj; jd; Ds;nsna mizj;J f; bfhz;L tps';Ffpd;w ghpgf;Ft epiyiaa[k; btsp vd;f pw tpz;zpny mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ njhd;w pa mz;l'; fisa[ k; g[jpJ g[jpjhfj; njhd;Wk; mz;l';fisa[k; jd;Dns bfhs;f pwJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ 188

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mz;l bkyhk; gpz;lbkyhk; caph;fbsyhk; bghUs;fs;
Mdbtyhk; ,l';fbsyhk; eP f;fkw epiwe;nj bfhz;l btyhk; bfhz;l btyhk; bfhz; L bfhz;L nkYk; bfhs;tjw;nf ,l';bfhLj;Jf; bfhz;L rypg;gpd;wpf; fz;lbkyhk; fle;J epd;n w mfz;l kjha; mJt[k; fle;j btspaha; mJt['; fle;j jdpbtspaha; xz;lF rpw;w k;gyj;nj vy;yhk; ty;ytuha; X';Ffpd;w jdpf; flt[ s; xUtUz; nl fz; Oh ;/ (jpUtUl;g h 3276)

btspapilg; btspapilg; g{btyhk; tpag;g [W jpwbdyhk; (496) mspa[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
btsp vd;g J fodkhdjy;y/ czh;tjw;Fk; mhpa bkd;ika[ilaJ/ Mdhy; me; j btspapny. eilbgWk; gyg;gy epfH;r; rpfis mwpa[ k;nghJ nguhr;rhpak; Vw;gLfpwJ/ N:hpad; fpHf;fpypUe;J nkw;F nehf;fpr; bry;tJnghy; njhw;w kspf;fpwJ. cz;ikapy; N:hpad; efh;t jpy; iy/ btspapy; xd;W kpy; iy vd vz;Qqfpd;nwhk;/ gpwtpf;Ff; fhuzkha[s;s re; jhd mQqf;fs; Mfhaj;jpy; epuk;gpa[ s;sd. btspapny cs;s mz;l'; fs; vj;jidbad;W fzf;fpl Koa[kh> mjpny md;w hlk; eilbgw;Wf; bfhz;oUf;fpd;w epfH;r ;rpfis mwpa Koa[kh/ ,e;j btsp v'; nf Muk;gpf;fpwJ. v'; nf KofpwJ vd; gij ahuhy; tpsf; f Koa[k; > btspia Ma;tjw;F Kw;gl;l hy; tpag;g[ fs; njhd;W nkbahHpa mjd; Mw;wiy mstplKoa[k h> ,t;thW btspapil g{kp nghd;w vy;yhf; nfhs;fisa[k; cyt tpl;L. mtw;i wbay; yhk; me;j btspahdJ jh';fpf; bfhz;o Uf;Fk;go mikj;J mjpny tpag;g[Wk; tifapy; gyg;gy Mw; wy;f isg; gf; Ftkhf mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

189

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

btspapdpy; xyp epiw tpadpiy midj;J k; (498) mspa[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
btspapny Xir epiwe; J ,ay;ghf cs;sJ/ btsp vd;gJ v';Fk; gutpa[s;sJ/ vy;yhf; nfhs;fSk; vy;yh mz;l';fSk; ,e;j btspf;Fs;n sna ml';fpa[ k; nkYk; ,lk; N:d;akha; cs; sthW tphpe;Js;sJ btspahFk;/ v';Fkha; tphpe;J gue; J epiwe;Js; s btspapy; vy;y htw;i wa[k; gf;FtKWkhW mikj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

tphpepiy btspapilf; fUepiy tphpepiy mUepiy (500) mspbfhs tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ehk; fhQqfpd; w mj; jidg; bghUl;fSk; tpz;zpypUe; ; nj njhd; wpajhy; tpz;z hdJ fUepiy vdf; Twg;gl;lJ btsp vd; fpd; w tpz;z hdJ Kont ,y;yhJ v';Fk; gutp ,Ug;g jhy; tphpepiy Mapw;W/ kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[ nghd;W fhzf; ToathW ,y;yhky; ,Ug;gjhy; mUepiy vdg;g l;lJ/ ,t;thW fUepiy. tphpepiy. mUepiy Mfpa K:d ;W epiyfis kpfg; gf;Ftkhff; bfhz;Ls;sthW tp;z;i d tFj; j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

btspapil Ko epiy tps';F w tFj;nj mspbgw tpsf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(502)

kz;. ePh ;. beUg;g[. fhw;W. Mfhak; Mfpa Ie;J g{j';fspy; kz; mo vd;why; me;j thpirapy; tpz;zhdJ Koahf tps';F fpd; wJ/ g[wj; jpy; kl;Lky;y hJ mfj;nja[ k ; ,e;jphpa';f s; fuz';fs; Mfpait fiue;J btspahd mDgt epiyna Kothdjhf tps';Ffpd;wJ/

190

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www.vallalar.org

,t;thW tps';Fk;g og; Mz;ltnu/

mfj;J k; g[ wj;J k; btspna Kothd xd;w hf gf;Ftkhf mikj; j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp

btspapdpy; rj;jpfs; tpag;g [W rj;jh;fs; mspa[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(504)

btspapnyapUe; J njhd; wpa beUg;g[ ePh; kz; nghd;w g{j';fSk; kw; iwa nfhs;fSk; kw;w vy;yhKk; fhyg;nghf;fpy; xL';fg; nghtJ btspapnyahk;/ btspahdJ jd;Ds; ,Uf;f pd;w ve; jg; bghUisa[k; ,y;yhky; mHpf;fpd;w me;jhpf;Fk; rf;j p bfhz;Ls;s J/ tpz;zpny eilbgWk; Mr;rh;ag;gLk;goahd epfH;r ;rpfSf;Fk; tpz;n z fhuzkha; mike; Js;s J/ ,t;thW gy tpist[fis cz;l hf;Fk; rf;jpfSk; me;jr; rj;jpfis ,af;Ftpf;Fk; rj;j h;fSk; kpfkpfg; gf;Ftkhf ,a';Fk;go tFj;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/ (m) kdk;. g[j;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa fuz'; fs; bray;ghlw;w btsp mDgtk; mfj;n j njhd;wpdhy; bray;ghLfshfpa rpj; Jf;fSk; mjw;Fhpa chpikfSk; gf;Ftkhf mila[khW tFj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

tphpj; btspapil xd;nw tphpj;jjpw; gw;gy mspa[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(506)

btspapdpy; N:d;a k; vd;fpw mUt epiy xd;i wna v';Fk; gug;gp mjpny gyg; gy gf;Ftkhd tpist[f s; Vw;gLk;go tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

191

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

btspapilg; gynt tphpj;jjpw; gw;g y mspju mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(508)

gue;j btspapny mz;l ';fs; ? nfhs;f s; ? cyf'; fs; / kz; ? ePh; ? beUg;g[ ? fhw;W nghd;w gy g{jj; jj;Jt'; fs; kl;L kpd; wp ,d;Dk; gytw; iwg; gutyhf tphpj;J mjpny gw;gy tpist[ fis mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (m) fuz';f s; Kjypad fiue; j btsp mDgtk; mfj;j pd; fz;nz njhd;W ';fhy; mjpny vz;zw;w rpj;J f;fisj; njhw;W tpj;J mit gyg;gy vd;w mstpy; tphpj; Jg; gf;Ftkhd mDgt';f is mila[k;go mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

btspapil caphpay; tpj;jpay; rpj;jpay; mspbgw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(510)

,e;jg; gue;j btspapny re;j hdj; ij tpUj;j p bra;a[ k ; $Pt mQqf;fs; epiwe;Js; sd/ gf;F tk; mgf;Ftk; gf;Fth gf;Ftk; vd ,it K: d;W tiffshfg; gphpf;fg;gl;L s;sd/ $Pt mQqf;fisf; fhhpag;glitf;Fk; gukhd; k mQqf;fspd; ,af;fj; jhy; Vw;gLfpd;w rpj;j p tpist[fSk; Kw; Twpa gf;Ft epiyfl;nfw;g mila[khW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (my;yJ) mDgt btsp njhd;W';fhy; $Pthd;k hthfpa capuQq gukhd;k ht[ld; If;fpag;g l;Lg; gyg;gy rpj;jp mDgt';fisa[k ; rpj;J tpist[fisa[k; gf;Ftkhfg; bgWk;go mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

192

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

btspapd; midj;ija[k; tphpj;J mjpw; gpwt[k; mspa[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp (512)
gue;j tpz;btspahdJ N: hpad; re; jpud; tpz; kPd;f s;. nfhs;f s; Kjypatw;W ld; ,d;Dk; vd;bdd; d cs; sdnth mit midj;jpida[k; jd;D s;ns bfhz;Ls;s J/ ,itbay;y hk; Xhplj; jpnyna mike;Jtplhky; mwptpd; vy;iyf;F mg;ghw;gl;Lg; gutyhf tphpa[ k;gor; bra;J mjpw;gy gf;Ft epiyfis mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ (m) caph;btsp. fiybtsp. gubtsp. guk;ghbtsp. guhgubtsp. bgUbtsp nghd;w gyg;gy mDgt btspfis mikj;J mtw;wpd; mDgt';f isg; bgW';fhy; gyg; gf;Ft';f s; tps';f mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

Kd;Diu mfg;g[wtphp/ (ghfk; 8)
,Jtiu g";rg{j'; fspd; tphpit tpsf; fp te;j ek;bgUkhdhh; mLj;j thp bjhl';fp gpz;lj;jpDs;ns ,iwtd; vg;g of; fhhpag;gLfpd;whd; vd tpsf;Ffpd;w hh;/ ,dptUk; thpfspy; mfeL. mff;fil. mfg;g[w eL. mfg;g[wf;fil. g[ weL. g[w f;fil g[w g;g[weL. g[wg;g[w f;fil nghd;w thh;j ;ijfis ek; bgUkhdhh; ifahSfpd;whh;/ ,e;j thh;j;i jfis ,Jtiu te;j mUshsh;fs; ghoitj;j njthuk;. jpUthrfk;. jpUke;jpuk;. jpUg;g[f H; nghd;w vjdpYk; ifahsg;gl;ljhfj; bjhpatpy;iy/ vdnt ,t;thh;j ;ijfl;F ciu ,d;dbjd;W fhz ,aytpy;iy/ vdpDk; ciueilapy;. ek; bgUkhdhh;. rpy fUj;Jf; fis moapw; Fwpj;Js; sthW Twpa[s; shh;/

193

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

@ flt[s; fhhpag;gLkplk; mz;lj;jpy; mf;fpdp N:hpad; re;jpud; el;rj; jpu';fs; gpz;lj; jpy; Md;kh $Ptd; fuz';f s; ,e;jphpa';f s;

mfk; mfg;g[wk; g[wk; g[wg;g[wk;

,Jtiu te;n jhh; fuz'; fs; bra;jpUf;f ek; bgUkhdhnuh (jj;Jt'; fs; 96 fhz;f) 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ 5/ kdk; g[j;jp rpj;j k; mf'; fhuk; cs;sk;

ehd;F vd tiuaiw Ie; J vdf; TWfpd;whh;/

,e;jphpa';fSk; bka;. tha;. fz;. K: f;F. brtp vd Ie;jhFk;/ ,tw;iw Mjhukhf itj;n j Toatiu ciufhz Kaw;rp bra;ag;gl;L s;sJ/ ,e;j tpsf;f k; xUthW Twg;gLtnjbahHpa ek; bgUkhdhh; vd;d fUjp vGjpdhnuh ahh; mwpthh;>

g[weLbthL fil g[zh;g ;gpj;J xU Kjy; (514) mwKw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
g[wk; vd;gJ fuz'; fs; mjhtJ 1/ kdk; 2/ g[j;jp 3/ rpj;j k; 4/ mf'; fhuk; 5/ cs;sk; g[weL = rpj;jk;

194

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

fil xUKjy; Twhf cs;sJ bjhHpw;ghL : kdk; g[j;jp rpj;jk; mf';f huk; cs;sk;

= cs; sk; = mwpt[ = kdk; ey;y kdk; bfl;l kdk; vd ,U = xU Kjy; ey;y kdk;/ fuz';fspd; = = = = = epidj;j y; tprhhpj; jy; epr;rapj;jy; bray;gLjy; mwpt[ kakhjy;

ve;jr; braiya[k; jP h;khdpf; fpd; w rpj;jj;J ld; fil vdg;gLk; cs;skhfpa mwpt[ To epr;rapf;F nkahdhy; xU Kjyhfpa ey;y kdk; jUk tHp ? neh;ik tHp ? ePjp tHp mila[k hW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

g[we;jiy eLbthL g[zh;g ;gpj;J xU fil (516) mwk; bgw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
cs;bshd;W itj; Jg; g[wk;bghd;W ngRthh; cwt[ fythik ntz;Lk; vd;W bja;t kzpkhiyapy; ghLfpd;whh;/ Iah ehd; ntz;Ljy; nfl;L mUs; g[hpjy; ntz;Lk; vdj; bjhl';F k; jpU mUl;g htpy; bgha;ahj tha; ikfns g[fd;wpLjy; ntz;Lk; g[ fd;wgo g[fd;wgo g[h pe;j pLjy; ntz;Lk; vd; fpd; whh;/ Kd; thpapny ey; y kdk; jUk tHpf;F tUfpd; w khh;f;f j;ijf; Twpdhh;/ kdk; kl;Lk; jUk tHp te;jhy; nghJkh> mJ bray;ghl;oy; btspg;gl ntz;Lnk ? ,e; j thpapy; mjd; tpsf; fk; : g[we;jiy eL = = Kd;thpg;go mwtHpte; j kdk; jphpfuzk; vd;fpd;w kdk;. thf;F. fhak; Mfpa K:d; wpy; eLthfpa thf;F jphpfuzj;j py; filahfpa bray; ? ey;y bray;. jPa bray; = xU fil = ey; y bray;/

fil

=

195

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mwtHp cw;w ey;y kdjpd; J}a vz; z';fs; thf;fpd; K:yk; btspg;gLk;gor; bra; jhy; xU filahfpa ew; bray;f s; mwtHpapny mika[ khW tFj; j mUl;b gU";n$hjp/

mfg;g [w eLf;fil mizthy; g[wKjy; mfg;g l tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfg;g[wk; eL fil = = =

(518)

g[wKjy;

=

$Ptd; rig/ Mjhuk; eL eho eL eho elkhLk; gjpna $hf;uj; ? brhg;d k; ? RGj;j p ? Jhpak; vd;w mtj;i jfspy; filahdjhfpa Jhpak; kdk;

$Ptfhrkhfpa rpw;rigapy; Jhpaepiy mDgtk; Vw;gLk;nghJ kdkhdJ ek; trk; mfg;gLk;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

mfg;g [w eL Kjy; mizthy; g[wf;fil mfg;g l mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfg;g[weL = Kjy; g[wf;fil = =

(520)

Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl; lJnghy $Pthfhrkhfpa rpw;rig kdk; fuz';f spd; filrpahfpa cs;sk;/ (g[ wk; vd;gJ fuz';f s; vd Kd; dnu tpsf; fg;gl;Ls;sJ)

$Pthfhrkhfpa rpw;rigapy; kdk; nrh;e; J tpLk; rkak; g[wf; filahfpa cs;sk; vDk; mwpt[ ek; trk; mfg;gLkhW mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

fUjf eLbthL fil mize;J mfKjy; mUl; (522) mUSw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfk; = Md;kh

196

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

eL mfeL fil

= = =

rig Md;khfhrk; JhpahjP jk; ($Pthfhrj;jpy; Jhpak; mDgtkhtjhy; Md;k hfhrj;jpy; JhpahjP jk; fil vdg;gl; lJ) epiy mUs; mDgtk; mila[khW

Md;khfhrj; jpy; Jhpah jPj nrUk; nghJ mf Kjyhfpa Md;k h mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu/

jzpaf eLbthL jiy mize;J mff;fil (524) mzpa[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
jzp mf eL jiy mff; fil = rhe;jk; epiwe; j Md;khfhrk; = Md;kh (Kd;thpirapy; TwpathW mUs; bgw;w Md; kh) = Md; k mwpt[

rhe;jk; epiwe;j cs;sbkDk; Md;khfhrkhfpa bghw;rigapy; mUs;bgw; w Md;khthdJ nrh;e;jt[ld; Md;k mwpt[ jhpf;FkhW tFj;j mUl; bgU"; n $hjp/

mfeL g[wf;fil mize;J mfg;g [wKjy; (526) mfKw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfk; vd;f pd;w Md;k hthdJ eL vDk; rigahfpa Md;khfhrj; jpy; g[w f;fil vd;Dk; cs;sj; Jld; ,iza[k ; rkak; mfg;g[w Kjyhfpa $Ptd; ek; Ks; mjhtJ mfj;j pnyna mila[k;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[ $PtdhdJ ek; clk;gpDs;ns ,Ue;j hYk; EiuaPuy;. fy;yP uy;. ,Ujak;. rpWePu fk; nghd;W clypd; cs;SWg;ghf ,y;yhj fhuzj; jhy; me; j $PtdhdJ ,e;j clypy; fyfk; nehpl;l

197

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

fhyj;j p;y; jatpd;wp btspnawp tpLfpd;w J/ vdnt mij cs;SWg;ghf khw;wptpl; lhy; me; j $PtdhdJ cliy tpl;L btspnawhJ ? kuzKk; rk;gtpf; fhJ. ve; j mDgtj; jpy; $PtdhdJ cs;SWg;ghf khWk; vd ,e;j thpapy; tpsf;fg;gl;Ls;s J ? nkYk; mfty; thp 688 fhz;f) mfk; ? eL ? g[wf;fil ? mfg;g[wKjy; Md;kh rig g[wkhfpa fuz';fspy; filahfpa cs;s k;. $Ptd;

mfeL g[wj;jiy mize;J mfg;g [wf;fil (528) mfypil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfk; vDk; Md;k hthdJ eL vDk; rigapy; g[wj;jiy vDk; ey;y kdJld; ,iza[k ;nghJ mfg;g[wf;fil vDk; $Pt mwpt[ tphptila[ khW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu mfk; ? eL ? g[wj;jiy ? mfg;g[wf; fil Md;kh rig g[wkhfpa fuz';fsp;y; jiyahdjhfpa kdk; $Pt mwpt[

mfeL mjdhy; mfg;g [w eLit mfkw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfeL ? mfg;g[weL ? Md;khfhrk; my;yJ Md;k xsp $Pt xsp ? giubahsp

(530)

Md;k xspajdhy; kd xsp mfj;j pny mUl; bgU";n $hjp

$Pt xspahfpa giubahsp mjhtJ mw;Wg; nghFkhW mikj;J s;s

198

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

kdjpny guxsp vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

giubahsp vd; kdg; gjpapdpy; tphpj;nj
miurJ ,aw; bwDk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp kdg;gjp ? kdk; njhd;W tJ giubahsp ,Uf;Fkplk; $Pthfhrk;. kdjpny

mJ $Pt hfhrj;jpny njhd;Wjyhy; giubahsp $Pt xsp vdg;gl;lJ ,ij tpl Md; k xsp Mw;wy; kpf;fJ ? vdnt Md;k xsp tps';Fk;nghJ giubahsp mw;W g; nghdJ (m) mfg;g[weL ? mfj;j pny bray;gLk; g[w eLthfpa rpj;jk;

Md;k xsp njhd;Wk; nghJ mjdhy; mfj;jpny ,Jtiu Mjpf; fk; brYj;jp te;j rpj; jkhdJ mfj;i jtpl;L mw;Wg; nghFk;go mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp

mfg;g [w eLthy; mzpg[w eLit mfg;g l mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mfg;g[w eL g[weL ? $Pt xsp ? rpj;jk; ehnk trk; mzpe;J mfg;gLk;go

(532)

$Pt xspapdhy; rpj;jkhdJ ek; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ ?

bfhz;o Ue;j mikj;j

$Pt xspapdhy; ek; trk; mfg;gl;l rpj;jkhdJ Md;k xspapdhy; ek; mfj;i jtpl;L mfd;w epiy Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;Ls; sJ fhz;f 199

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

g[weL mjdhy; g[wg;g [w eLit mwKw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(534)

g[weL ? fuz';f spd; eLthfpa rpj;jk; g[wg;g[weL ? bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f ;F. brtp Mfpa g";n$e; jphpa';fspy; eLthfpa fz; mjhtJ ekJ ghh; it/ Kd; thpapy; $Pt xspapdhy; rpj;j khdJ ek; trk; mfg;gl;lJ Twg;gl;lJ/ ek;Kila fz; ghh;itahdJ fhkk; fye;j ghh; itah. Fnuhjkhd ghh; itah. fdpthd ghh;i tah vd;gJ mfj;jpny cs;s rpj;jj; jpd; bray;ghlhFk;/ vdnt ek;trk; mfg;gl; l rpj;jj;jpd; tpist[ vd; dbtdpy; ek;K ila fz;ghh;itahdJ jPad mw;W jUk?ePj p cWkhW mikj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

g[fyUk; mfz;l g{uz eLthy; mfeL tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(536)

brhy;tjw;fhpjhfpa. v';Fk; tpahgfkha; tphpe;Js; s. Fiwbtd;gnj ,y;yhj epiwthd. ghugl;rkw;w eL vd;Dk; epiy bfhz;L Md; k xspia tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[/ ; Md;khtpw;F ,aw;i ff; Fzk; $Pt fhUz;a nk vd;W ek; bgUkhdhh; Twpa[ s;shh;/ ,aw;iff; Fzkhfpa $PtfhUz;ank brhy;tjw;fhpaJ ? ve;j vy; iyf;F k; cl;glhjJ ? Fiwtw;w ghp g{uzkhdJ ? ghugl;r kw;W midth;f;F k; bghJthdJ ? mg;ggog;gl; l eL g{uzeL ,iwtdpd; fUizna MFk;/ me;jf; fUizjhd; jd; Twhf mfeL vDk; Md;k xspia tFj;jJ vd;f pd;w hh; ,e;j thpapy;.

200

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

g[wg;g [wf; fil Kjy; g[zh;g ;ghw; g[wg;g [w mwf;fzk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(538)

g[wg;g[wf; fil ? ,e;jphpa';f s; ? bka;tha;f z;. K:f;F. brtp ? fil ? brtp mjhtJ nfs;tp"hdk;. Kjy; ? kdk;

nfs;tp "hdk; kdjpny xd;W tjhy; g[wg;g[ w cWg;g[fshfpa bka.; tha;. fz.; K:f;F. brtp Mfpa g";nre; jphpa';fSk; jUk tHpapy;. mwtHpapy;. neh;ik tHpapy; epw;Fk; Tl; lkhf tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; bka;";" hd tpUg;gKilnahh;f;F f; nfs;tp "hdnk Kjy; vd;gJ ek; bgUkhdhh; kfhnjt khiyapy; Twpa[s; s fUj;jhFk; Mjhuk;:

bka;";" hd tpUg;gj;j nywpf; nfs;tp kPn jwpj; bjspe;J

,r; ir tpLjnywp
m";"hdk; mw; w gonawp cz;ik mwpe; jgo epiynawp mJ ehd; vd;Dk; if";"hdk; fHd; nwwp kw; wbty; yhk; fle;njwp bksd ,aw;fjpapnywp v";"hdk; mwj; bjspe;n jhh; fz;L k; fhnzk; vd;fpd;w mDgtnk ,d;gj; njnt/

g[wj;jpay; fil Kjw; g[zh;g ;ghy; g[wj;J Wk; (540) mwf;fzk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
g[wj;nj vjida[k; btspg;gLj;Jtjw;F Kd;ghf kdJld; mwpitr; nrh;g;gpj; J ,af;fpdhy; btspg;gLk; thf;F. bray; midj; Jk; jUk tHpapy; tps';Fk; tz;z k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

201

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Fwpg;g[ :

kdjpy; njhd;Wk; midj; ija[k ; rhpahfr; rpe;jpahky; mg;gona thf;fhYk; brayhYk; btspg;gLj;j hky;. mwpt[ld; fye;J rpe; jpj; J btspg;gLj;j pdhy; jUkk; epiy bgWk; vdf; TWfpd;whh;/

mfg;g [wf; fil Kjy; mizthy; mf;fzk; mfj;J w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp (542) je; njfk; vdf;fspj;j hh; jk; mUSk; bghUSk;
jk;ika[ kp'; bfdf; fspj;j hh; vk;i kapDk; gphpahh; ve;njf kjpw; g[F e;jhh; vd;Dsj;njapUe;jhh; vd;Daphpw; fye;j elj;jpiwath; fhiyapny te;njap';fkh;ejUs;thh; Mjypdhy; tpiue;nj khspifia my';f hpj; J itj;jpLjp apjw;Fr; re;njfkpy; iy bad;wd; jdpj; jiyth; thh;j; ij rj;jpak; rj;jpak; khnj rj;jpak; rj;jpank/ (5704) ,e;jg; ghliyf; Th;e;J nehf;f pdhy; ,iwtd; Kjypy; mUisf; bfhLj;jhd;. mLj; J bghUisf; bfhLj;jhd;. gpd;dh; jd;i dna bfhLj; jhd; vd;gJ bjspthFk;/ vdnt Kjypy; tUtJ mUs; jhd;/ ,ij itj;nj ,e; j mfty; thpf;F ciufhzg;gLfpwJ/ mfg;g[wf; fil Kjy; = = $Pt mwpt[ mUs;

mfg; g[ wf;f ilahfpa $Pt mwpt[ ld; Kjyhfpa mUs; nrUk; nghJ me; jf; fzj;jpnyna $Ptd; . $Pt xsp. $Pt mwpt[ Kjypad mfj;jpny mila[k ;go tFj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp//

mff;fil Kjw; g[zh;g ;g jdhy; mff;fzk; (544) mfj;jpil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mff;f il vd; fpw Md;k mwpt[ld; Kjyhfpa mUs; fye;Jtpl Md;kh. Md; k xsp. Md; k tpsf;fk; Kjypad midj; Jk; mfj;jpny tps';Fk;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

202

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

thdpilf; fhw;W k; fhw;wpil beUg;g [k; Mdw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(546)

thdhfpa btspapny fhw;Wk;. me;jf; fhw; wpny beUg;g[k; eP f;fkw epiwe;J tps';FkhW mikj; Js;s mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : thdhfpa Mfhak; mdhjp/ m`njnghy; fhw;Wk; mdhjp vd;f pwhh; ts;syhh;/ thdj;jpypUe; J fhw;W njhd;wpaJ vd;W vz;z f;TlhJ/ fhw;Wk; thdj;ijg; nghy; mdhjp vd;g ij czu ntz;Lk;/ (Mjhuk; : ciueil rpUl;o epahak; jiyg;g[ gf; fk; 254)

beUg;g pil ePUk; ePhpilg; g[tpa[k; mUg;gpl tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(548)

g";r g{j'; fspy; thdKk; fhw;Wk; mdhjpahdhYk; me;jf; fhw;w pny cs;s beUg;gpypUe;J ePh; njhd;WkhWk; me;j eP hpypUe;J ,e;jg; g{kpahdJ njhd;WkhWk; mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp (mUg;gpl vd;gJ mUk;gpl mjhtJ njhd;w pl vd;gJ mwpaj;jf; fJ)

ePh ;nky; beUg;g [k; beUg;g pd;nky; caph;g ;g [k; Mh;t [w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(550)

ePh; rhjhuzkhff; Fsph;e ;j jd;ika[ ilajha; ,Ue;j hYk; mjpny btg;gk; cs;s J/ me;j btg;gk; $Ptd;fs; thHf; Toa caph;g;g [r; rf; jpiaf; bfhz;Ls; sJ/ ,t;thW ePh pd;nky; beUg;g[k; me;j beUg;gpd; kPJ caph;g;g[r ; rf;jpa[ k; rpwg;g[w tps';FkhW mikj;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

203

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

g[dd;nky; g[tpa[k; g[t pnky;g [ilg;g [k; mdd;nky; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(552)

g{kpf;foapy; beUg;g[ cs; sJ vd;W ehk; mwpnthk;/ me;j beUg;g[ jhd; vhpkiy K:y k; rpy ,l';fspy; btsptUfpd;wJ/ me;j beUg;gpw;F nkny g{kpf; foapy; ePh; ,Ug;gija[k ; mwpnthk;/ ePU f;F nkny g{kpa[s ;sJ/ g{kpapd; nkw; gug;gpy; kiyfs; cs;sd/ (,ijj;j hd;) ePUf;F (g[dy;) nkny g{kpa[k;. g{kpapd;nky; kiyfSk; (g[ilg;g[ k;) beUg;gpd; (mdy;) nky; mikj;Js; s mUl; bgU";n $hjp//

gFjpthd; btspapy; glh;e;j khg{j mfy; btsp tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(554)

thd; btspnah vy;iyaw;wJ/ mg;gog;gl;l thd; btspapd; xU gFjpapny kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[. fhw;W Mfpa bgUk; g{j';f s; vd;gita[k; gy nfhs';f isf; bfhz; l gyg;gy mz; l';f isa[k ; mikj; Js;s mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

caph; btspapilna ciuf; fUk;gFjp mabtsp tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(556)

caph;btsp vd;gJ $Ptd; ,Uf; fpd;w !;jhdk;/ mjhtJ $Pthfhrk; vd; w rpw;rig/ me;jr; rpw; rigapny brhy;Y f;fl';fhj mUikahd gy mDgt btspfis mila[k hW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

caph;btspajid czh;fiy btspapy; mayw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(558)

caph;btsp vdg;gLk; $Pthfhrkhfpa rpw;rigahdJ ekf;Fj; jw;nghJ brhe;jkhf ,y; yhky; mayhf cs;sJ/ ve;j mwpit ehkwpa ntz;Lnkh me;j mwpit (fiy) ehk; mwpe; J mt; btsp mjhtJ mjd; vy;iyiaf; fz;lhy; rpw;rigahdJ may; vd; w epiykhwpr; brhe; jkhdjhf tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

204

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Fwpg;g[ :

rpw;rig brhe;jkhfpwJ vd;g jw;F Mjhuk;/

rp w;riga[ k; bghw;riga[k; brhe;jbkdjhr;R
njth;fSk; K:t h;fSk; ngRtbjd;ngr; R ,r;rka thH;tpy; vdf;b fd;dapdpnar;R vd; gpwg;g [j; Jd;gbkyhkpd;nwhnl nghr; R/ (jpUtUl;g h 5259)

fiy btsp ajidf; fyg;g W Rj;j myh; btsp tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
Kd;thpapy; caph; btspiaf; fiy btspapdhy; mwpayhk; vdf; Twg;gl; lJ/

(560)

fiybtsp vd;g ij ntW ve;j epidt[k; fyf;fhj J}a ey; btspapny tps';F khW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : kdk; g[j ;jp rpj;j k;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa fuz';f s; fythj. Rj; jk; kyh;fpd;w btspapny. fiy btsp tps';Ffpd;w jhk;/ vy;y hf; fiyfisa[ k ; Xjpjhd; mwpantz;Lk; vd;gjpy;iy/ g{uz epiy mDgtk; njhd;wpdhy; mj; jid fiyfisa[ k ; fzj;jpy; mwpe;J bfhs; syhk;/ ,ijj; jhd; Rj;j myh;btsp vdg;gl;l J/ Mjhuk;

fhuzkpJ g[ hp fhhpa kpJ nky; fhuzf; fhhpaf; fUapJ
gytha; Muzk; Mfkk; ,it tphpj;Jiuj;jpLk; eP mit mle; jpld; kfnd g{uzepiy mDgtKwpy; fzkhk; bghGjpdpy; mwpjp vg;bghUs; epiyfSnk jhuzpjdpy; vd;w jat[i l munr rj;jpar; rigj; jdpg; bgUk;gjpna/

205

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Rj;j ey;btspiaj; JhprW gubtsp mj;jpil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(562)

Kd;thpapy; Twg;g l;l Rj;j btsp v'; nf cs;sJ vd;gJ ,e;j thpapy; tpsf;fg;gLfpd;wJ/ JhpR : Fw;w k;/ Fw;w';f is mfw;Wfpd;w gubtspapny tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : JhpR vd;gJ ehd;F tif/ 1/ mz; lj;J hpR 2/ 3/ gpz;l j;JhpR 4/ ,e;j vy;y hj; njhd;W '; fhy; eP' ;fptpLk;/ JhpRfSk; Rj; j btsp

mfpyj;J hpR ngUaph;j;J hpR gubtsp mDgtk;

gubtsp ajidg; guk;gu btspapy; muRw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(564)

Kd;thpapy; Twg;gl;l gubtsp v';Fs; s J vd;gJ ,e;j thpapy; Twg;gLfpwJ/ guk; guk;guk; / / nkyhdJ Mfhak;

jdf;Fs; ns nkyhdjhf tps';Ffpd;w Mfhak; vd;Dk; N:d;akhd nkhd btspapny gubtspahfpa ,iwtd; ,Uf;FkplkhdJ g{uz Mjpf;fj; Jld; tps';FkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

guk;gubtspiag; guhgubtspapy; mue;bjw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
guk; / rh!;jpu "hdk;

(566)

206

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mguk;

/

mDgt "hdk; Kd;dh; rh!;jpu btspia

guk;gubtspapny gubtsp cs;sJ vd Twg;gl;lJ/ me;jg; guk;gu btsp v'; nf cs;s J> "hdk; mDgt "hdkhFk;. btspapny guk;gu Fw;wkw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

guhgu btspiag; gfh; bgUbtspapy; muhtw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
guk;gu btspahdJ guhgu btspapy; mikf; fg;gl;l bjd Kd;d h; bjhptpf;fg;g l;lJ. me;jg; guhgu btspahdJ "hdpfshy; mjhtJ Twg;gl;l bgUbtsp vJnth mjDs; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ :

(568) mwpa[khW

gfug;gl; l cs;sthW

vijahtJ epidj;Jf; bfhz;nl ,Uf;Fk; kdkhdJ brayw;w epiyf;F vg;nghJ tUfpd; wnjh mJnt bgUbtsp vdg;gLtJ. bgUbtspnky;

/ ciu kd';fle;j xU Mjhuk; miuR bra;J X';F k; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/

mfty; 12 thpf;f hd tpsf;f k; fhz;f/

bgUbtspajidg; bgU";Rf btspapy; mUSw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(570)

,e;jphpa';fSk; fuz'; fSk; jUfpd;w Rfnk Rfbkd vz;Qqfpnwhk;/ mjdhy; mit bray;g lhj epiyapy; njhd;W k; Rfnk bgU"; Rfkhk;/ me;j g; bgU";Rf btspapy; guhgu btspia mUs; mila[ k; tifapy; Vw;gLj; jpa[s ;s mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

207

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Fwpg;g[

/

Rfk;

,d;W tUnkh ehisf;n f tUnkh my; yJ kw;
bwd;W tUnkh awpnad; v'; nfhnt ? Jd;Wky btk; khia aw;W btspf;Fs; btsp Rk;khapUf;Fk; Rfk;. fle; J

FzKjw; fUtpfs; Toa gFjpapy; mizt[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(572)

bfhy;y hik. bghWik. rhe;j k;. mlf;fk;. ,e; jphpa epf;fpufk;. Md;k ,aw;i ff; Fzkhfpa $PtfhUz;a k; nghd; w rhj;tPf Fz';fSk; rpjwpf;f plf; fpd; w kdk;. g[j;j p. rpj;jk;. mf';f huk; Mfpa fUtpfSk; xd;W TLk; ,lk; vJnth m';nf ,iwtDld; fyf; fg; bgWkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : fUtpfs; vd;git kdk; Kjyhditna vd;gjw;F mLj; j thpna Mjhuk;/ mfty; thp 574 fhz;f/

kdKjw; fUtpfs; kd;Daph; btspapil mdKw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(574)

btsp vd;gJ Mfhrk;. caph; ,Uf;Fkplk; caph; btsp MFk;/ me; j caph; btspapny kdk; g[j ;jp rpj;jk; mf';f huk; Mfpa ehd;F me;jf; fuz'; fis mHFw mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ : $Ptd; kdk; Kjyhfpa me;j f; Tl;lj; jpd; kj; jpapy; ,Uf;Fk;/ / fuz'; fspd;

Mjhuk;

$Ptd; ,Uf;f pd;w !;j hdk; (ciueil)

208

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

fhynk Kjypa fUtpfs; fiybtsp MYw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp.

(576)

fhy';f shy; mwpthdJ jiHj; J tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ vt;t hbwdpy; fle; j fhy mDgt';fis mwpthny Ma;e; J ghh;j ;J vjph;fhy thH;t[ tsk; bgw mika epfH;f hyj; ij tiuaiw bra;af;T oa mstpy; fhykhfpa fUtpfshy; mwpthdJ jiHj;J tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ ,sik ? KJik Mfpaita[k; gUtfhy';fshFk;/ ,sntdpy;. nfhil. gdp. kiH Kjypadt[k ; fhy';f ns. epfH;fhyk; vjph;fhyk; ,we;j fhyk; Mfpaita[k ; fhy';f s;/

fUtpfs; JhprW fUtp fs; Rj;j ey;btspapil muRw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(578)

fhkk;. Fnuhjk;. cnyhgk;. nkhfk;. kjk;. khr; rh;ak; nghd;w jPikfshfpa JhpRfs; eP ; ';fg; bgw;w ey;y J}a;ikahd kdk; Kjyhfpa fUtpfs; bray;ghlw;w epiyf;F tU';fhy; njhd;Wk; mDgtnk Rj;j ey;btspahFk;/ mj;jUzj;nj ,iwtdpd; mUshl;r pia ehk; mila[k hW Vw;gLj;jpa[s;s mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/ Mjhuk;

j'; nfhystJ je;J mUl;n$hjpr;
br';nfhy; brYj;bjdr; brg;gpa je;i jna

209

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

,t;btsp bay;yhk; ,y';f mz;l';fs; mt;tapd; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(580)

,Jtiu Twg;gl;l btspfs; vy; y hk; gpz; lj;j pny tps';Ftdthk;/ vt;thW gpz; lj;j pny gytpjkhd btspfs; cs;sdnth mt;thnw mz;l';f spYk; mikj;Js;s mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ mz;ltif vt;t snth mt;tst[k; mtw;wpy; mike; j caph; vt;tsnth mt;t st[k; mitfs; fz;l bghUs; vt;tsnth mt;tst[k ; mtw;wpy; fye;j fyg;g[ vt;t snth mt;tst[k; epiwe;nj tpz;lFnkhh; ehjbtsp Rj;jbtsp nkhdbtsp "hdbtsp Kjyhk; btspfbsy; yhk; epuk;gpf; bfhz;l Jtha; tps';F fpd; w Rj;j rptkank Fyt[ elj;junr vd;Fw;w K';b fhz; lUns/

X';fpa mz;lk; xspbgw Kr;Rlh; M';fpil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(582)

cah;e;j epiyapy; tps';F fpd; w mz;l khdJ xsp bgw;W tps';Ftjw;F ntz;o N:h pad; re;jpud; cLf;fs; (el;rj; jpu';fs;) Mfpa K:d ;W gpufhrpfis Vw;gLj;jpa mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ re;jpud; Rak;g pufhrpaha; Fwpg;g[ /; gpufhrp vd;gJjhnd cz; ik/ ,y;yhJ nghdhYk;

mz; rpUl;oj; jiytiur; rpUl;o mz ;l';fis (584) mUl;owy; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kjy; mDgtk; bgw;wtnu gpUk; kh Mfpwhh;/ mth; Mw;wnyh vija[k; cz;lhf;f ty; yJ/ mjhtJ rpUl; oj; bjhHpy; ,g;g or; rpUl;oj; bjhHpy; bra;af;Toa gpUk;khf; fs; gyiu Kjypy; cUthf;fpg; gpd;dh; jd;dUshw;w y;/

210

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

btspg;gLk; tifapy; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

mz; l';f isa[k;

Vw;gLj;jpa

xUKog; gpukdz;l'; fs; moKog; bgUikna cd;d Koah ///////// ///////// ///////// ///////// ///////// ///////// ///////// ey;y vz;z ';fSk; thH;tpy; (gpUk; k epiyna) (rpUl;o) xU jdpkdpj

fhtyz; fhty; bra;jiytiuf; fhtyz;l';fis Mtif aikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(586)

gilj;j bghUl;fisf; fhg;ghw;Wk; Mw;wy; bgw;wth; ,uz;lhtJ mDgt epiy bgw; w tpc&;Qq Mthh;/ ,t;tDgtk; bgw;w jiyth; f isa[k; mth;fshy; fhf;fg;gLfpd;w mz; l';f s; gyt[ k; mt;thnw tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ (ey;y vz;z ';fs; cile;J nghfhky; fhj;jYk; jdpkdpjdpd; tpl;LQq epiy)

mHpj;jy; bra;jiytiu mtuz;l';fis mGf;fw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(588)

K:d;whtJ mDgtkhfpa vjphpfis mHpf;F k; Mw;wy; bgw;wth; Uj;jpuu; Mth;/ (gilj;j ij mHpj;jy; my; y) (rptbgUkhd; Kg;g[uj;ij vhpj;j hh; vd;gJ Tl Mztk; khia. fd;kk; Mfpa Kk;ky'; fis vhpj;jJ gw;w pna fw;gidahff; Twg;gl;lJ) vjph;g;g Lk; kw;w Fw;w ';fis mHpf;F k; Mw;wy; (mjhtJ kd cWjp jsuhik ? tplhKaw; rp ? yl;r pa Mh;t k; Mfpatw;why; vjph;g;g[fis vjph;g;gJ) bgw; w Uj;jpuh;f s; vdg; gLnthiua[k ; mtuJ MSiff;Fl;gl;l mz;l'; fisa[ k; Fw;wkw /; mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

211

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

(Fwpg;g[ /;

ey;y vz; z';f is mHpf;f tUk; JhpRfis mHpj; jny jdp kdpjdpd; Uj;u epiy / ,Jnt JhpR ePf;Ftpj;jy;)

kiwj;jpL jiytiu kw;W kz;l';fis mwj;;bjhL tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(590)

kdjpny Vw;gl;l giHa epidt[ fs; fhyg; nghf;fpy; kwe;JtpLfpd; wd/ ,Jtiu ele;j mj;jid epfH;r ;rpfSk; rk;gt';fSk; vy;y hnk ftdj;jpy; epd;W tpLkhdhy; igj;jpak; gpoj; JtpLk;. kwg;g[ vd;gJ kdpjDf;F mspf; f;ggl;l xU tug;gpurhjk; MFk;/ me;j kwg;g[ epiyna xU jdp kdpjdpd; knfRu mDgtkhFk;/ kiwj;j y; vdg;gLtJ giHad fHpe;j g[jpabjhd;W cUthf;fg;gL Kd; dh; cs;s mDgtnk ,e;j knfRu mDgtk; bgw;w rj;jh;f isa[k ; mz;l';fisa[k; jUkbewp jtwhJ ,a';FkhW mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ gpd; dh; ahFk;/ mtuJ tFj;j

bjspt[ bra; jiytiuj; jpfGk; mz;l';fis mUl; (592) mspbgw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
giHad fHpe;j gpd;dh; cUthFk; g[jpa epiyna mUsy; vdg;gLk; Ie;jhtJ mDgtepiy/ ,r;r jhrpt mDgtj;ijg; bgw;w jiyth;fisa[ k; mth;fs; jpfGk; mz;l';fisa[k; gf;Ftk; mila[khW tFj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (jPait midj; Jk; fHpe;J g[ dpjuhfpg; g[jpadthf ey;yit vy;yhk; njhd; wp tps'; f tpsf;fk; bra;tpj;jny jdp kdpjdpd; rjhrpt mDgt epiyahFk;)

212

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tpe;J thk; rf;jpia tpe;jpd; mz;l';fis me;jpwy; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp (594)
,Jtiu K: yhjhuk;. Rthjpc&;lhdk;. kzpg{ufk;. mehfjk;. tpRj;jp vd;w Ie;J Mjhu'; fs; gw;w pa[k;. mjdjd; mDgt epiy bgw; wjhff; fUjg;g Lk; gpUk;kh tpc;&Qq. Uj;ud;. knfRud;. rjhrptd; Mfpa jj;Jt mDgt';fisa[k; tpsf;fg;gl;lJ/ ,g;nghJ Mf; "h vdg;gLk; MwhtJ Mjhukhfpa tpe;J epiy Twg;gLfpwJ/ tpe;J vd;gjd; rhpahd bghUisr; rw;W rpe;jpj;J ts;syhh; fz;nzhl;lj;jpy; fhz; nghkhf/ ehk; cz;Qqk; cztpy; 2\ tuhfbdilr; Rf;fpyk; cUthfp xU tuhfbdilr; Rf;fpyk; nfhrj; joapYk;. kw;W bkhU tuhfbdil ehgpapYk; kPj Ks;s \ tuhfbdil ekJ g[Utkj;j papYkhf tps';Ffpd;wJ/ nfhrj; joapy; ,Ug;gJ g[ zh;r ;rpf; fhyj;jpy; btspnawptpLk; ehgpapYs;sJ cly; tsh;r ;rpaila cjt[fpd; wJ/ kPjKs;s \ tuhfbdil ekJ g[Utkj;jpapy; Mf;"h gPl j;jpd; xspahf tps';Ffpd;wJ/ ,ijg;ghJfhf;f ntz;Lk;/ ,ij tpl;ltd; jhd; behe; Jbfl;lhd; vd;g J gHbkhHp/ tpe; J vd;gJ g[Utkj;j papy; tps';Fk; xsp epiy vd;W bjspthf mwpjy; ntz;Lk;/ tpe;Jthfpa xspna Mw;wy;. mJnt rf;jp vdg;gl;lJ/ mijg; ghJfhf;f ntz;Lk; vd;gJ ek; bgUkhdhhpd; jPh ;f;f khd fUj; jhFk;/ tpe;J vdg;gLk; Mw;w y; kpf; f xsp mDgtk; bgw;wth; fisa[ k; md;dhhpd; mDgt epiy mz;l'; fisa[ k ; mnj Mw;wy; tps';f mikj;j mUl;b gU";n$hjp/

cw; X';fhu rf;jpfs; cw;w mz;l';fis M';fhf mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(596)

tpe;J epiy mDgtj;j pw;F mLj;j mDgtk; ehj epiy mDgtk; vd;g jhy; Kd; thpapy; tpe;J epiy Twp ,e;j thpapy; ehj mDgtj; ijna X'; fhuk; vDk; brhy;yhy; Fwpf;fg;gl;lJ/

213

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,iwtdpd; fhl; rp mDgtj;jpw;F milahsnk ehj mDgtk;/ ahid tUk; gpd; nd kzpnahir tUk; Kd; nd vd;W ,e;j mDgtj;ijf; Twpdhh; fs;/ kd;dh; ehjh; mk;gyth; te;jhh; te;j hh; vd;W jpUr;rpd;d ehjk; vd; dpuz;L brtpfspdpy; brhy;fpd;wnj vd;W ek; je;ijahh; ghLfpd; whh;/ ehj mDgt Mw;w y; kpf;f mz;l ';fs; epiybgw;W vd;W k; khwhJ tps';FkhW mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ gytw; iw mikj;j

gpUk;kh. tpc&;Qq. Uj;jpud;. knfrd;. tpe;J Mfpa Miwa[k; kdpj njfj; jpy; g{j epiy vd;Wk; ,tw;wp; w;F ,lk;. tz;zk; Kjypait cz;b ld;W k; ts;sw; bgUe;j if mwptpj;J ehjk; bjhl;L r; Rj;j rpt!; jhdk; tiu Md;khDgtk; vd;Wk; ,it mt; tDgtj;jpy; mUfpj; njhd;W k; vd;Wk; mwptpg;gij epidtpy; bfhs;nthkhf/

rj;jj; jiytiur; rhw;W k; mz;l';fis (598) mj;jif tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
rj;Jg; bghUshf tps';F k; cz;ikahd tpsf;Fk; mz; l';f is mt;thnw cz;ik tps';FkhW cz;l hf;f pa mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ jiytiu Mw;w Yld;

ehjkhk; gpukKk; ehj mz;l';fSk; Mjuk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(600)

gpuk;k vd;gJ ehjnk/ ehjkhfpa gpukKk; ehj mDgt';fSk; xd;Wf;bfhd;W Mjhukhfg; bghUe;jp mUSw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; gpuk "hdj; jhy; vd;Wk; mHpahj njfj;i jg; bgwyhk;/ (ciueil) Rth;z

214

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gfh; guhrf;jpiag; gjpa[k; mz;l';fis mfkw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(602)

guhrf;j p vd;gJ khia/ khia gjpe; J tpisaf;T oa mj;jid bray;ghLfSk; mz;l ';f shff; fz;L mit cs;sj; jpny xl; lhJ eP' ;FkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

is gurpt gjpiag; gurpt mz;l';fis muRw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(604)

guhrf;j pf;F mLj;jJ gurptk;/ kdk; vd;gnjgiu ? mJnt mfk;/ me;j mfk; mw (nkny cs;sth;)g; gurpt gjpahfpa ,iwbtsp njhd;Wfpd; wJ/ me;epiyapy; ,iwbtspa[k; mt;t piw mDgtKk; jd;d hl;r pa[w tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

vz;z py; gy; rj;jpia vz;zpyz;l';fis (606) mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
gurpt epiyfz;nlhh; mila[k ; rf; jpfs; vz;zpy; ml';f h / mt;thW vz; zpy; ml';f hj Mw;w iya[k ; mjdhy; tpise;j mDgt';fisa[k; tpiuthf mila[khW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (rpj;jp vDk; bgz;z urp vj;j p vd; if gpoj; jhs;)

mstpy; gy; rj;jiu mstpy; mz;l';fis (608) mstw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp.
Kd;thpapy; rf;jpfisg; gw;wpf; Twg;gl;lJ/ mr; rf;jpfis Ml;Ltpg;nghh; my;yJ mr; rf;jpfis cilnahnu rj;jh; fs; Mth;/ rf;jpfs; vz;zpyl';fhjdthjyhy; rj;jh; fSk; mstw;wtuhapdh;/ mth;fsJ mDgt mz;l ';fSk;

215

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mstpy; yhjjhapd/ ,t;thW gilj;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

vy;yhtw; iwa[k;

mstw;wjhfg;

caph;tif mz;lk; cyg;gpy vz;zpy mah;tw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(610)

caph;tifnah mde;jk;/mitfl;Fhpa mz;l'; fnsh Fiwtpy;y hjd/ vz;Qqf;F ml';fhjit/ nrhh; nt ,y;yhtif mjhtJ ,af;fk; vd;Wnk cs;sthW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

fstpy fly;tif f';fpy fiuapy mstpy tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp.

(612)

jd;Ds; ns ,Uf;f pd;w midj; jpida[k ; ahh; ntz;LkhdhYk; vg;nghJ ntz; LkhdhYk; vLj;Jf; bfhs;s yhk;/ t";ridapy;y hj fly;/ me;j epiyiaf; fstpy vd; w brhy; tpsf;FfpwJ/ fly; tifnah tuk;gpy; yhjJ kl;Lky; y/ mjd; eP iuj; njf;fp epWj;Jk; fiu vd;gJk; ,y;y hJ tps';Ffpd;w J/ fly; fspy; cs; s ePhpny Kj;Jf; fs; nghd;w gy bghUl;fisa[k; gy;tif caphpd';fisa[k; mstw;W mikj;J s;s mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

aidj; flyit aidj;J k; fiuapd;wp epiya[w mlydy; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp.

(614)

,e;jg; g{kpapy; vj; jid fly;fs; cz;nlh mitaidj;Jk; fiuapd;wpa[k; epiy bgw;Wk; tps';FtJld; tlth Kfhf;fpdp vd;gJ nghd;w mf; dp Fiwt[glhJ tps';FkhWk; mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp//

fjpfSk; fly;fSk; kiyfSk; fjpfSk; ejpfSk; mlYw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(616)

MHk; kpFe;j fly; fisa[ k;. cah;e;J tps';F k; kiyfisa[k;. tPRfpd;w fhw; iwa[k ;. XLfpd;w ejpfisa[k ; jj;jk; epiyapy; Fw;wkw;W tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp//

216

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flypilg; gy;tsk; fzpj;jjpw; gy;Yaph; mUl; mlYw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(618)

flypny rhjhuz cg;g[ Kjy; kpf mhpjhfpa Kj;Jf; fs; gts';f s; tiu gy ts';fisj; njhw;Wtpj;J nkYk; kPd ; Kjyhfj; jpkp';fyk; tiu gy;y hapuf;fzf;fhd caph;fs; thGk;go mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp//

kiyapilg; gy;tsk; tFj;J mjpw; gy;Yaph; (620) miytw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
kiykPJ gy;yhapuf;f zf;f hd kUj; Jt K:ypiffs; cs;sd/ gy mhpa jhJg; bghUs;fSk;. ryitf; fy; nghd;w got';fSk;T l kiyapypUe;J btl; o vLf;fg;gLfpd;wd/ ehl;ow;Fs; tuhky; gy caphpd';fs; kiy kPJs; s g[jh;fspYk; kdpj r";r hukw;w cah;e ;j my;y J mlh;e ;j ku'; fs; cs; s kiyfspYk; thH;e ;J bfhz;L s;sd/ ,t;thW kiyapilna gytif tskhd bghUl;fisa[k; gytif caphpd';f isa[k ; mikjpahft[k ; Mde;jkha[k; miyr;rypd;wpa[ k; thGkhW Vw;gLj;j pa[s; s mUl;bgU";n$hjp//

xd;wpdpy; xd;nw xd;wpil Mapuk; md;ww tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
rhpia fphpia vd;gd mftHpghL/ vd;g d g[wtHpghL. nahfk;.

(622) "hdk;

jtj;ij nkw; bfhz;L ,iwtidf; fhz KaYk; jtr; rP yh;fSf;F kd Kjyhfpa fUtpfuz'; fs; xd;W nru mt;tDgtj;j pd; Kothfj; njhd;WtJ brt;bthsp xd;n wahk;/ ve;j $hjpapduhapDk;. vr; rkaj;jtuhapDk;. vk; kjj;jtuhapDk; nkw;Twpa mDgt epiyf;F r; bry;Ythh; vdpy; mt;tDgtk; xd;n w/ fUtpfs; xd;wpdpy; mDgtkhFk; ,iwtDk; xd;nw/ me; j xd;whd ,iwtidj; jhd; xt;bthU rkaj;jtUk; kjj;jtUk; j';f s; j'; fs; kdk;nghdgobay; yhk; gy; ntW tot';fspYk;. gy;ntW bgah;fspYk; ,Ug;gjhff; fhl;oa[ s;sdh;/ ,ijj; jhd; xd;wpil Mapuk; vd;w J/ 217

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kdk; Kjypa fuz';fs; xd;WgLkhdhy; mth;fl;F ,iw mDgtKk; xd; nwahft[k;. mt;thW ,y;yhjth;f ;F me;j xd;nw gy;y hapuf; flt[s h;fshft[k; Mjpapny epiybgwj; jPh;f ;fkhf tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp// ,iwtd; xUtnd vd;g jw;F Xh; Mjhuk; /;

xd;Wk; myhh; ,uz;Lk; myhh; xd;wpuz; Lk; Mdhh;
cUt[k; myhh; mUt[ k; myhh; cUmUt[ k; Mdhh; md;W k; cshh; ,d;Wk; cshh; vd;Wk; cshh; jkf;n fhh; Mjpapyhh; me;j kpyhh; mUl; bgU"; n$hjpapdhh; vd;W fdy; kjp mfj;J k; g[w j;Jk; tps';fpLthh; aht[k; ,yhh; aht[k ; cshh; aht[k; myhh; aht[k; xd;W W jhkhfp epd;w hh; jpUr;rpw;wk;gyj;nj X';Ffpd;w jdpf; flt[ s; xUtUz; nl fz; Oh ; (jpUtUl;g h 3282) xd;iwna Mapukhf tFj;jdh; vd;gjw; F Mjhuk;/ ; irt Kjyhf ehl;L k; ? gy rka';fs; vy;yhk; jdpj;j dpf; fhl;L k; bja;tk; ,J te;J ghhPh; ? jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpU el n$hjp

(4605)

bfho ,ilg; bgz; ngjha; eP mk;gyj; nj eof;Fk;
Tj;jho vd; bwdJ bfhGeh; jikf; Fwpj;jha; go ,lj; nj thdplj;nj ghjyj; nj mz;l gfph; mz;l nfhoapny gjptpsf;fk; vyhk; mokyh; bfhz;L Iah; bra;a[ k; jpUf; T j;jpd; tpsf;fk; MFk; ,J rj; jpak; vd;W mUkiw Mfk';f s; bfoa[wnt giwaoj;Jj; jphpfpd;w mtw;iwf; nfl;lwpe;J bfhs;tha; epd; thl;lbkyhk; jtph;e;n j/ (5760)

gj;jpil Mapuk; gfujpw; nfho mj;J w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp /
Kd; thpapy; ,iwtd; epiy tphpf; fg;gl;lJ/ thpapy; $Ptd; epiy Twg;gLfpd; wnjh>>

(624) ,t;

218

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ek;ikg; gw;Wfpd;w ge;j nkh Mapuk; Mapukhf ,Uf;f pwJ/ mjid tphpj;Jf; Twg; g[Fe;jhy; mjd; tifnah nfho nfhoahf my;y nth cs;sJ/ gw;W k; ge;jk; Mapuk; vd;w hy; mjd; tphpnth nfhoahf cs;sthW vy;iyapl;l mUl;bgU";n$hjp// Fwpg;g[ /; gj;jpil vd;gijg; gw; wpil vd;W bfhz;ljw;F Mjhuk;/ ; (fhaj;hp tpsf;fk; ? ciueil gf; 287) fhaj;hp ke;j puj; jpw;Fg; ghjk; K:d;W ? ghjk; xd;wpw;F tUzk; vl;L ? Mf K: d;W ghjj;jpw;Fk; th;zk; ,Ugj; J ehd;F/ ghjk; K:d; bwd;gjd; Fwpg;g[/ ; $Pth;fl;F kyk; K:d;W ? th; zk; ,Ugj;J ehd;F vd;gjd; Fwpg;g[/ ; ,U /; ,uz;lhfpa $PtfhUz;ak; rj;tprhuk; Mfpa ,uz;ila[k; gj;J /; (gw;W ) gpo ? gw; wpdhy; /; ehd;F /; ehyhfpa $Pt fhUz;ak;. <Ru gf;jp. ghrituhf;ak;. gpuk"hdk; Mfpa ,tw; iw milayhk;/ ,';nf gj;J (10) vd;gijg; gw;W vd ek; bgUkhdhh; bfhz;l ijf; ftdpf;ft[ k;/

E}w;wpil ,yf;fk; Etyjpy; mde;jk; Mw;wpil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(626)

Kjypy; ,iwtdpd; epiya[ k;. Kd; thpapy; $Ptdpd; epiya[k ; vLj;Jiuf;fg;gl;lJ/ ,t; thpapy; $PtdhdJ ,iwtDld; fyf; f Mw;Wk; nehd; g[fisf; TWtjhff; bfhs;tnj bghUe;J fpwJ/ nehd;g[ nehw;w y; vd;gh;/ nehw;w y; vd;gJ vz; tifahff; Tw ntz;o E}w;w y; vd;W bfhs;sg;gl;oUf;fyhk;/ $Ptd; ,iwtid mila vz;zpf;ifapy; brhy;yg; g[F e;jhy; Mw;W k; gythfj; nehd;g[fnsh njhw;wkspj; J

219

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mt;tt;tiffspy; mUl; bgU";n $hjp//

mtw;iw

Mw;WkhW

tFj;j

nfho nfhoapy; mde;j nfho gy;nfho MLw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp /

(628)

Kd; thpapy; ,iwtidaila $Ptd; bfhs;Sk; nehd;g[ fs; vLj; Jf; fhl;lg;gl;ld/ me; nehd;g [fspd; gadha; $Ptd; milfpd;w rpj; J tiffnsh nfhof; fzf;fhditahfg; gy nfhof; fzf;fhfr; Rkhh; 647 nfhoahf tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp// rpj;Jf;fs; 647 nfho vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; /;

MLW rpj;jpfs; mWgj;J ehd; bfG
nfhoa[k ; tps';ff; Fyt[ bka;g; bghUns (mfty; thp 912) nfho vd;w brhy; Xh; vz;izf; Fwpg;gjhapUe;Jk; rpj;jpfs; vd;w bghUs; bfhs;sg; gl;lJ. Vd; vdpy; ,uz;lhtJ thpapy; MLw vd;w brhy;iyf; ftdpj;J 912 thpapy; MLW rpj;jpfs; vd;W TwpdikahYk; mJ 647 nfhoahf cs;s J vd;wjhYk; ,t;t[iu ,t;thW bfhs;sg;gl;lJ/ nkYk; Kjypy; ,iwtdpd; epiy. mLj; J $Ptdpd; epiy. mjw;fLj;J $Ptd; nkw;bfhs;Sk; nehd;g[ Kothf mila[k ; ngwhfpa rpj;J ? ,e;jg; bghUj;jk; fUjpa[ k; ,t;t [iu bfhs;sg;gl; lJ/

tpj;jpay; xd;wha; tpistpay; gytha; mj;jif mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(630)

xU bey;iyg; g{kpapy; tpijj; jhy;. bew;gaph; fjph;tpLk;nghJ gytha; bey; tpisfpwJ/ ,J vy; yhj; jhtu';fSf;Fk; bghJthdJ/ Mf tpj;J xd;n wahdhYk; tpisnth gythf tpisa[k ;go vy; yhtw;wpYk; mikj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

220

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tpistpay; midj;J k; tpj;jpil ml';f mst[ bra;J mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ (632)
tpist[fs; vy; yhk; tpj;jpnyapUe;J me;jj; jhtuj; jpd; tpj;ijna K:y khff; bfhz;L ve;j j; jhtuj; jpd; tpijnah me;j tpijapypUe; J me;jj; jhtuk; kl;Lnk tpisa[k hW tiuaiw bra;J tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; Xh; Mykuj;jpd; tpijnah kpfr; rpwpJ/ mij tpijj;j hy; mJ Kistpl;L r; broahfp kukhfpwJ/ mk;kuj;jpd; fz; fpisfs;. ,iyfs;. fdpfs;. tpGJfs; midj;J k; tpisfpd; wd/ ,t;tpist[ fs; midj;Jk; me; j xU tpijapy; ml';f pa[s; sJ/ Mykuj;j pd; tpijapypUe;J Mykuk; kl;Lnk njhd;Wk;/ ,J mst[. ,J xU cjhuzk; kl;Lnk/ ,t;thnw vy; yh tw;wpDf;Fk; fhzyhk;/

tpj;J k; gjKk; tpisa[g fhpg;g [k; mj;jpwy; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(634)

vy;yh tpj;Jf;fSk; tpijg;gjhy; kl;Lnk tpise;J tpLtjpy;i y/ gy tpj;Jf; fs; tpisahky; mHpe; J tpLfpd;w d/ gy tpj;Jf; fs; tpise;jhYk; mjpf gyd; jUtjpy;iy/ mjhtJ brGikahf tsh;tjpy;iy/ rpy tpj;Jf; fs; brGikahf tsh;e;J ey;y tpisr;r iyj; jUfpd;wd/ ,tw;w pw;Ff; fhuzk; me;j tpj; jpd; gf;Ft epiynaahFk;/ ,t;thW tpj;ija[ k; me;j tpj;jpny gf;Ftj;ija[k; me; j tpj;jpd; K: yk; vz;zpf;ifapYk; tps';FkhW Mw;w iy tFj;J epw;Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ gjk; vd;D k; tpist[ mjpf me;j tpj;jpny

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mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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tpj;jpil Kisa[k; Kisapil tpist[k; mj;jf mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(636)

xU tpj;J tpijf;fg;gl;lhy; mJ Kistpl;L tsh;fpwJ/ me;j KisapypUe;J tpisr;ry; Vw;gLfpd;w J/ ,t;thW epfH;tJ khw;wk; ,y;yhjthW tpj;j pnyapUe;J Kisa[k; me;j KisapnyapUe;J tpist[k; Vw;gLkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

tpj;jpDs; tpj;J k; tpj;jjpy; tpj;J k; mj;jpwk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp.

(638)

tpj;J Kisahfp. tsh;e; J g{j;Jf; fha;j;Jf; fdpahfp kPz;Lk; tpj; jhfpwJ/ Muk;gkhd tpj;J KotpYk; tpj; jhfnt epw;Fk; epiy tpj;jpDs; tpj;jhapw;W. me;j tpj;jpnyapUe;J ntW tpj;J njhd;w hJ tpj;Jjhd; njhd;W k;/ mJnt tpj;jjpy; tpj; J/ (cjhuzk; /; Mykuj; Jtpij Mytpj;ijna jUk;) vd;Wk; khwhjthW tFj;j mnj

,e;j epiy mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

tpistpDs; tpist[k; tpistjpy; tpist[k; (640) misa[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
xU tpj;J Kisj; J mjpy; gy tpist[ fs; juf;ToathW tpisfpwJ/ (xU bey; tpise;J fjph; tpl;L gy bew; fisj; jUfpwJ)/ ,J tpistpDs; tpist[/ me;j tpist[ ntbwhd; wha; tpisahJ/ cjhuzkhf mtiuapypUe; J mtiua[k ; JtiuapypUe;J Jtiua[k ; jhd; tpisa[nk jtpu ntbwhd;W tpisahJ/ ,e;epiyna tpistjpd; tpist[/ kpf kpfg; gf;Ftkhf ,e; epiy tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

222

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Kisajpd; Kisa[k; KisapDs; Kisa[k; (642) misju mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ve;j tpj;J tpijf;fg;gl; lnjh mJ Kisa[ k;nghJ ntW xd;wha; Kisf;f hky; tpijf;fg;gl;l tpj;jpd; Kisjhd; Kisa[ k;/ ,J Kisajpd; Kis/ me;j Kis mnj epiyapy; epd;W tplhJ nkYk; mjpnyapUe;J ,iyfs;. fpisfs;. g{f;fs;. fha; fs;. fdpfs; Kjypad Kisf; fp;d ;wd/ ,J KisapDs; Kis/ ,t;thW gf; Ftk; bra;J mikj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

tpj;jpilg; gjKk; gjj;jpil tpj;J k; mj;J w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(644)

vy;yh tpj;Jf; fisa[ k; tpijg;g jpy; iy/ tpj;jpny gjk; ghh;j;Jj; njh;e ;bjLj;J ed;F Kw;w pd brGikahd tpj;nj tpijf; fg;gLfpwJ/ tpj;J vd;gJ tpijj;j gpd; Kisa ntz;oaJ/ gjkhd tpj;J jhd; Kisf;F k;/ tpj;jpny gjj; ija[k ; me;jg; gjj;jpny tpisita[k; kPwhky; ,Uf;FkhW mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

gjkjpw; gjKk; gjj;jpDl;g jKk; mjph;tw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(646)

gjk; vd;gJ gf;Ftk; (xU ghid nrhw;Wf;F xU nrhW gjk;) xd;iwg; gjk; ghh; j;jhy; kw;witfspd; epiyia mwpayhk;/ xd;iwg; gf;Ftk; ghh;j;J mnj epiyapYs;s kw;witfspd; gf;Ftj;i j czh;t J gjkjpw; gjk;/ gjk; ghh;f;fg;gl; l tpj;j pDs;n s ,Uf;Fk; tpisa[k; gf;Ftnk gjj;jpDl; gjk;/ ,e;j epiy khwhJ tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

223

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xw;W ik ntw;W ik chpikfs; midj;J k; (648) mw;bwd tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
tpUk;gp ,iztJ xw;Wik/ khWghL fUjp tpyFtJ ntw;W ik/ jdbjdr; brhe;jk; bfhz;lhLtJ chpik/ ("hdkila tpUk;g[ nthh;) ,; k; K:d ;iwa[k; mfw;Wthahf vd mwpt[ je;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

bghUs;epiy cWg;g pay; bghJtif Kjypa (650) mUSw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ehkila ntz; oa bghUs; rptnkahFk;/ mij miltjw;F mfj; jpny jtkhfpa rhjid bra;a ek; clypny mjw;Fj; jFe;j cWg;g[f Sk; g[wj;jpny vy;yh caph;fisa[k; bghJthfg; ghh; f;fpd; w jd; ika[k ; jug;gl;Ls; sd/ (jtj;jpdhny) cWg;g[f;fisa[k;. vy;yh Fzj;ija[ k; mUs; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; rpt epiy milaj;j f;f caph; fisa[ k; bghJthfg; ghh;f;F k; miltjw; bfd;nw mikj;j

gnuhgfhuk;. rj;t prhuk; Mfpa ,uz;i lf; bfhz;n l mUs; mila ntz;Lk; vd;fpwJ ciueil/ rj;t prhukhfpa Md; k tprhu tpisnt jtk; vd ,';F Fwpf;fg;gl;l J/

cwtpdpy; cwt[k; cwtpdpy; gifa[k; mwDw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(652)

neh;ikahd tHp epd;W ed;F Ma;e ; J ekf;F ey;y gyd; juf; Toa ey;y FzKs; s kf;fnshL. ey; y Fz';fnshL cwt[ bfhs;syhk;/ cwt[ bfhs;sf; Tlhj jPa Fz'; fisg; giff; f ntz;Lk;/ cwt[ bfhs;st[k;. bfhs;sj;jf; f ey; y Fz';fnshL cwt[ bfhs;s j;jfhj jP a Fz';fs; cwt[ ek;ghy;

224

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mQqfhky; me; jj; jPa Fz cwtpy; gifa[k; bfhz;L neh; tHp. jUk tHp. mila[k hW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

cwt[ gifapdpy; gifa[k; gifapdpy; cwt[k; mift[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Two Negatives make One Positive.

(654)

gif x gif = cwt[. mjhtJ khiaf;F moikahd kdk; ey;n yhh; el; iga[k;. ey;y Fz'; fisa[k;. ey;y gHf; f tHf;f'; fisa[ k; Kjypy; ehLtJ ,y;iy/ mtw; iwg; giff;fpwJ/ mnj neuj;j py; jPnahh; el;g[. jPa Fz';f s;. jPa gHf;f tHf; f';f s; Mfpatw; iw clnd Vw;Wf; bfhs;f pwJ/ ,J kdjpd; ,ay;g[. cjhuzkhff; nfhapYf;Fg; nghfyhkh. rpdpkh ghh;f ;fyhkh vd;why; bghJthfr; rpdpkh ghh;f;Fk; Mtny nfhapYf;Fg; nghtij tpl nknyh';fp epw;Fk;/ (,J vy;nyhUf;Fk; tpjpj;jjy; y ? rhjhuzg; bghJ kf;fs; epiy) ey;nyhh; el;g[. ey;y Fzr; nrh; f;i f ,it neUk; nghJ kdk; gifbfhz;L mtw; iw ehlhky; ,Uf;Fkhdhy; me;jg; gifia mwptpdhy; gifj;J me;j ey;y cwitf; bfhs;tnj gifapdpy; gif/ mnj neuj;j py; jPnahh; el;g[. jPa Fzr; nrh;f; if neUk;nghJ (ey; y kdkhdJ) mijg; giff;Fkhdhy;. mg;gog; giff;F k; kdJld; cwt[ bfhs;tnj gifapdpy; cwt[/ ,t;thW eyKw tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

ghjpa[k; KGJk; gjp bra[k; me;jKk; Mjpa[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(656)

ghjp vd;gJ re;jpud;/ KGJk; vd;g J N:hpad;/ ,lk;/ ; re;jpud;/ tyk; ? N:hpad; Muk;gj;jpy; mDgt epiyiaj; bjhl';FtJ rpw;rig/ Kothd mDgtj;ijf; fhl;LtJ bghw;rig/

225

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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,lkhfpa re; jpu fiyia epWj;jp tykhfpa N: hpa fiyapy; jpahdk;. jtk; Kjypad bra;jhy; Mjpa[k; me;jKk; Mfpa rpw;r iga[k; bghw;r iga[k; gjpahf epd;W flt[isf; fhl;lr; bra;a[k;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

Jiza[k; epkpj;jKk; Jy';fjpd; mJt[k; mizt[w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(658)

Jizahfpa $PtfhUz;aKk; epkpj;jk; vDk; fhuzkhfpa rhjida[k; tps';f mjpny mJthfpa (mUl;bgU";n $hjp) ,iwepiy miza[k;go Vw;gLj;jpa mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; FzKjw; fUtpfs; Toa gFjpapy; mizt[ w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp 572tJ thp fhz;f/ mJ vd;gJ mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd;gjw; F Mjhuk;/ ; Cd clk; ng xsp clk;gha; X';fp epw;f "hd mKbjdf;F ey;fpanj ? thdg; bghUl;bgU";n$hjpg; bghJtpy; tps';F k; mUl; bgU";n $hjp mJ (jpUtUl;g h 4823) (660)

cUtjpd; cUt[k; cUtpDs; cUt[k; mUSw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

cUtkhf tz';Fnthh;f;F Mz;ltd; cUtkhft[k; me;j cUtj; jpDs; ns me;j cUthft[k; ,Ue;J mUs; (ehk;) mila[k ;go tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ cUtkhf tz';Fnthh; vt;thW mUs; bgWth;> gpuk;khDgtk; tpf;fpuf Muhjid bra;jhyy; yJ Mjhuk;/ ; thuhbjd;W k;. tpf;fpufk; vd;gJ tpnrc& ,lk; vd;W bghUs;gLk; vd;W k;. Md; kh ,Ug;gjw;Ff; fpufk;. kdpjh; Kjypa $Pt njf';fs; vd;Wk;. gpUk;kg; gpufhrk; ,Ue; J btspg;gLtjw;F tpf;f pufk; njt njf';fs; vd;Wk;. me;j j; njt njf';fshfpa tpf;f puf';fspy; tpjpg;go cghrpf;fpd; gpuk;kg; gpufhrk; vspjpy; btspg;gl;L mDf;f pufpf;Fk; vd;Wk; mt;thW tpnrl ,lbkd;W brhy;yg;g Lfpd;w tpf;fpuf'; fspy;

226

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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gpuk;kg;gpufhrk; btspg;gl;L mDf;fpufpj;jjw;F milahsk; rpy fhyj;jpw;F Kd; tpf;f puf Muhjid bra;j gf;jh;fs;. Fc;&lk;. Fd;k k; Kjyhd jPu hj tpahjpfisj; jP h;j; Jk;. ,we;jth;fis vGg;gpa[ k;. mrhj;jpakhd mnef kfj;Jt';fis elj;jpa[k; ,Ue;jnj nghJkhdJ vd;Wk;. ,g;nghJk; tpf;f puf Muhjid bra; fpd;w gf; jh;f s; rpy kfj;Jt';fisr; bra;J tUfpd;w hh;f s; vd;Wk;. ehbky;yhk; ekJ gf;Ftj;jpw;Fj; jFe;jgo tpf; fpuf Muhjid bra;J. mjdhy; mUisg; bgw;W. mjdhy; mwpt[ tps';f p. mjdhy; gpuk;k Rfj; ij mDgtpf;f yhk; vd;Wk; (,uhkyp'; f) Rthkpfs; brhy;ypf; bfhz;nl vGe;j dh;/ (ele;j tz;zk; ciuj;j y;)

mUtpDs; mUt[k; mUtjpd; mUt[k; mUspay; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(662)

guk;bghUs; vd;gJ v';F k; epiwe; jJ/ mjhtJ mJ ,y;yhj ,lnk ,y;iy vd;Dkstpw;Fg; ghpg{uzkhf epiwe; Js;s bghUns ,iwtd;/ Kd; thpapy; ,iwtid cUtkhff; Twg;gl;l J/ ,e; j thpapy; ,iwtid mUtkhff; fhz;nghUf;F mtDk; mUtkhf tps';Ffpd;whd;/ mUtk;. vd;gJ g[ yd;fSf;Fg; g[yg;glhj bghUshFk;/ mg;gog;g l;l bghUspy; mtDk; g[yg;glhj bghUshf mU:gpahf ,Uf; fpwhd;/ ,Jnt mUtpDs; mUtk;/ mUtkhf cs;s ,iwtd;ghy; btspg;gLk; mUspaYk; mUtkhfnt mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

fuzKk; ,lKk; fiy Kjy; miza[nkhh; (664) muzpiy tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
kdk;. g[j ;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa fuz';fSk;. g[Ut kj;jpahfpa rpw;riga[ k;. RthrKk; xd;WgLk; Xh; ghJfhg;ghd epiyahf tFj;j mUl; bgU";n$hjp/ ,lk; vd;gjw;Fg; bfhz;l jw;F Mjhuk;/ ; g[Ut kj; jp vd;W bghUs;

227

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

rPh plk; bgWnkhh; jpUr;r pw;w k;gyj;nj
jpfH; jdpj;je; ijna epd;ghy; nrhpl kwpe;nj nrh; e;jdd; fUiz bra;jUs; bra;jplj; jhH;f ;fpy; ahhplk; g[Fntd; ahh; Jiz vd; ngd; ahh;f; bfLj; bjd; Fiw ,irg;ngd; nghhpl Koahjpdpj; JabuhL ehd; bghWf;fnyd; mUs; f ,g;nghnj/

cUtjpy; mUt[k; mUtjpy; cUt[k; mUSw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(666)

ek;Ks; ns ,iwtd; ,Ug;g J ekf;F j; bjhptjpy;iy/ vy;yh $Pt d;fl;Fs;Sk; ,iwtd; ,Uf;fpd;whd;/ me;j ,iwtd; ,Ug;gij ahUk; mwpe; jhhpy; iy/ ,Jnt cUtjpy; mU/ mUt tHpghL vdg;gLk; "hd mDgtj;jpd; fz; ,iw mDgtk; cUthfp mUs; ehkila[ k;go cs; sJ/ kdk; Kjypa fuz';f s; bray;ghod;wp epw;gij btsp vd;gh;/ mJ mUtk;/ me; j epiyapy; guehj mDgtj;j py; bgU";n$hjpa[ k; gpd;d h; me; jg; bgU";n$hjp eLnt bghd;bdhspa[ k; mt;bthsp eLnt brt;bthspa[k; njhd;Wk;/ ,Jnt mfj;j py; njhd;Wk; Kothd ,iw mDgtk;/ ,ijna mUtjpy; cUt[k; vdf; Twg; gl;lJ/ ,t;thW cUtj;jpny cUthft[ k; tps';fp ehk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ mUthft[k; mUtj;jpny mUs; bgWkhW tFj;j

tz;zKk; tot[k; ka';fpa tifgy mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(668)

me;jp tz;zd;. gof tz;z d; vd;b wy;yhk; gyntW tz;z';f spy; ,iwtd; fhl;lg;gl; Ls;shd;/ gyg;gy tot';fSk; ? fz;lt[ ld; ka';Fk; tifapy;. "hdpfspd; mwptpd; juhjuj;jpw;nfw;gf; fw;gidahff; Twg;gl;Ls; sJ/

228

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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gyntW tz;z';f spYk; gyntW tot';fspYk; ,iwtidf; fhl;oajhy; cz;ikawpahJ ka';fpa tif gytha; cs;sJ/ MapDk; mitbay;yhk; ,iwtid beU'; fp miltjw;bfd;nw vd tFj; j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

rpWikapy; rpWika[k; rpWikapy; bgUika[k; (670) mwpju tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
jPa Fz';f s; ekf;F ,Hpit cz;l hf;Fk;/ vdnt mj; jPa Fz'; fs; ek;kplk; bgUfpapuhJ rpWj; J ,Uj;jy; ntz;Lk;/ rpWik jUk; jPadtw;wpy; ehk; rpWik fhl;Ltnj rpWikapy; rpWik/ mr;rpWik ekf; Fg; bgUik nrh;g;g jhy; mJ rpWikapy; bgUik vdg;gl;l J/ ,Jnt mwpt[ jUk; tpsf;fkhf tFj;j mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/

bgUikapy; bgUika[k; bgUikapy; rpWika[k; (672) mUzpiy tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
xU bgUikapny ekf;Fg; bgUik Vw;gLfpwJ/ xU bgUikapny ekf;Fr; rpWik Vw;gLfpwJ/ mjhtJ vg;nghJk; ,iwtdpd; bgUikiag; ngRk; xUtd; nkd;nkYk; kw;wth; fshy; kjpf; fg;gl;Lg; bgUik milfpwhd;/ ,iwtd; bgUikiag; ngrhJ jw; bgUikna ngRk; xUtd; kf;fshy; ,fHg;gl;Lr; rpWik milfpwhd;/ xU bgUikapny bgUika[k ; xU bgUikapny rpWika[k; cz; lhFkhW mUshy; tFf;F k; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/

jpz;ikapy; jpz;ika[k; jpz;ikapy; neh;ika[k; (674) mz;ikapd; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
jpz;ik vd;gJ ey; y bfhs;iffisg; gpd;gw;wp thGk; kd cWjp/ me; j kd cWjpahdJ re;jh;g;gk;. N:H;e piy fhuzkhfnth my;yJ ntW vf;f huz';bfhz;Lk; rpwpJk; jsutplf; TlhJ/ ,Jnt jpz;ikapy; jpz;i k/ me;j cWjpahdJ neh;ik tHpapy;. mwtHpapy;. ePjp tHpapy; jsuhJ

229

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elg;gJ jpz;i kapy; neh;ik/ ,it xd;Wf;bfhd;W beU'; fp tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

bkd;ikapy; bkd;ika[k; bkd;ikapy; td;ika[k; (676) md;ikaw;wikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/
bkd;ikahft[k ;. rhJthft[k ;. ,dpikahft[k ;. RKfkhft[k; kw; wth;f s; ek;k plk; gHFk;nghJ mth;fistpl ehk; kpfkpf bkd;ikahf mth; fsplk; ele;J bfhs;tJ bkd;ikapy; bkd;i k/ me; j bkd; ikahd Fzk; re;jh;g;gk;. N:H;epiy Kjypa vf;fhuz';b fhz;L k; tpyfhky; cWjpahf ,Ug;gJ bkd;ikapy; td;ik/ vr;rhpf;ifahf tpHpg;g[z h;t[l d; ,Ug;gth; fSf;F bkd;ikapy; td;ika[ k; Koahj fhhpakhf ,y;yhky; miltjw;F beUf;f kha; mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

moapDs; moa[k; moapil moa[k; moa[w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(678)

,iwtdpd; jpUtoahfpa ,U fz;f Sf;Fs;ns Muk;g ep[iyiaa[k; me;j Muk;g epiyapy; ,iwtdpd; jpUtoa[ k ; tps';f. jpUto mila[khW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

rhj; jpu';fbsy;yhk; jLkhw;w k; brhy;t jd;wp
nej;jpu';f s; nghy; fhl;l neuhfnt ? nej;jpu';fs; jpUr; rpw;wk;gytd; jpUtUl; rPh; tz;z bkd; W cw;wp';fwp;e;n jd; cte;J/ ,e;jg; ghlypy; nej;jpu';f s; jpUr; rpw;wk;gytd; rPh ; tz;zk; mjhtJ ghj';fs; vd;W TWfpd;whh;/ nej;jpu';fSf;Fs; ns tps';Ftnjh bew;wpf; fz; ? mjhtJ g[Utkj;j p ? mjhtJ rpw; rig/ me;jr; rpw;r igapny guehj epiyapy; Muk;gepiyahfj; njhd;W k; ngbuhspna ,iwtdpd; jpUto/

230

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me;jj; jpUtoia mila[ k hW mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (mLj;j thp tpsf;f k; fhz;f)

tFj;j

eLtpDs; eLt[k; eLtjpy; eLt[k; mlh;t [w mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(680)

jPtpid ey;tpid vDk; td; fapw; w hy; ghugl;rkpd;wp eLnehf;F ld; Ml;o itf;Fk; eLnt ,iwtd; MFk;/ tpUg;g[ btWg;gw;W vy;y h caph;fisa[k; bghJthfg; ghh; f;Fk; eL nehf;Filnahhplk; eLthd ,iwtd; Fo mkh;fpwhd;/ ,J eLtpDs; eL/ eLthfpa g[Utkj;jpapny Kd; thpapy; moahfpa rpw;r ig mDgtkhfpa bgU";n$hjp Twg;gl;lJ/ ,e;j thpapy; eLthfpa bghw;n$hjp Twg;gLfpwJ/ vy;nyhiua[k ; bghJ nehf;fpy; fhQqk; eL nehf;Filahh; eLtpy; tps';Fk; ,iwjd;i kahdJ bghw;rigapny bghd;bdhspahfj; njhd;wp beU';fpndhh; mila[k ;go mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ (mLj;j thp tpsf;f k; fhz;f) ,iwtd; bghJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; fy;yhh;f;Fk; fw;wth; f;Fk; fspg;g USk; fspg;ng fhzhh; f;Fk; fz; lth;f ;Fk; fz;z spf;F k; fz; nz ty;yhh; f;Fk; khl;lhh;f;Fk; tukspf;F k; tunk kjpahh; f;Fk; kjpg;gth;f;F k; kjp bfhLf; Fk; kjpna ey;yhh;f;Fk; bghy;yhh;f;Fk; eLepd;w eLnt euh;fSf;Fk; Ruh; fSf;Fk; eyk; bfhLf; Fk; eynk vy;yhh;f;Fk; bghJtpy; elkpLfpd; w rptnk vd;dunr ahd; g[f Yk; ,ira[k ; mzpe; jUns/

Koapdpd; Koa[k; KoapDs; Koa[k; mlh;ju mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(682)

ve;j xd;W f;F k; g[ wj;n j Kot[ vd; w xd;W cz;L/ me;j Kotpw;Fg; gpd;Dk; xd;W ,Uf;Fkhdhy; mJ me;j

231

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

guk;bghUsha;j; jhd; ,Uf;f jhd; Kot[ ,y;yhjJ/

Koa[ k;/

Vbddpy;

mJ

xd;W

Kd; thpfspy; Twg;gl; l rpw; riga[ k; bghw;riga[ k ; Kiwna ngbuhspa[k; bghd;bdhspa[k ; njhd;Wk; ,lkhff; fhl;lg;gl;lJ/ Kothd mDgtk; cs; bshspahfpa brt;bthspiaf; fhz;gnj/ mDgtj; jpd; Kont ,Jthfp epiwit Vw;gLj;Jtjhy; KotpDs; KoahfpwJ/ ,t;tDgtj;jhy; vy;y hr; rpwg;g[ fSk; mika tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; rpw;wk;gyj; jpny el';f z;L Kotpny ,iwtidf; fhz;gJ vd;gjw;F Mjhuk; /;

gz;zpa g{i$ epiwe;jJ rpw; wk;gy el';fz;L
vz;zpa vz;z k; gypj;jd bka;a pd;g bka;jpanjhh; jz;zpayhuKJz;ldd; fz;ldd; rhkpia ehd; ez;zpa g[z;z pak; vd;Diuf;n fdpe;j ehdpyj;nj/ (jpUtUl;g h 5398)

mfg; g{ mft[W g;ghf;f mjw;fit mfj;nj tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(684)

mfk; vd;gJ Md; kh/ g{ mirr;brhy;/ Md;kh clypDs;nsapUe;j hYk; mJ jdpna ,Ug;gjhy; vd;whtJ xU ehs; cliy tpl;Lg; gphpe;J tpLfpwJ/ mnj rkak; cs; cWg;g[ fshfpa ,Ujak;. EiuaPuy; nghd; wit cliy tpl;Lg; gphptjpy;iy/ Md;khita[ k; nkw;Twpa cWg;g[fs; nghy; Xh; cs;SWg;ghf khw; wp tpl;lhy; mJ cliy tpl;Lg; gphpahJ/ ,e; epiy ifTodhy; kuznk tuhJ/ me;j Md;k hit cs;SWg;ghf;FtJ vt;thW> Md;khit cs;SWg;ghf;Ftjw;bfd;nw mit vdg;gLk; rpw; rig bghw;rig vd;gtw; iw mfj;n j mjhtJ ek; clYf;Fs;ns mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ jpuz;l fUj;J/; ek; bghw;rig mwpe;J me;jr; mfj;jpny rigapdJ cs;s rpw;rig mDgtj;ijr;

232

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

brhe;j khf; fpf; bfhz;l hy; Md;k hita[k; khw;wp kuzj;ij bty; yyhk;/

Xh;

cs;SWg;ghf

g[wg;g{ g[wj;jpy; g[ida[Uthf;fpl mwj;J ld; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(686)

g[wk; vd;gJ fuzk; mjhtJ kdk;. g[j;jp. rpj; jk; mf';f huk; vd;git/ ,it mfj; jpny ,Ue;j hYk; g[ wj;n j fw;gidia cUthf;Fk; jd;ika[ilitahFk;/ fuz';f l;Ff; fw;gidia g[wj;nj mika[khW fUiza[ld; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

mfg; g[wg;g{ mfg;g [w cWg;gpaw;wpl mfj;jpil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(688)

mfg;g[wkhfpa $Ptd; mfj;jpny jdpj;J ,Uf;Fk; epiy khwp mfg;g[w cWg;ghf epd;W bray;gLkhW clk;gpDs;ns mfj;jpny $Pt id mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; $Ptd; cs;n s ,Ue;j hy;/ kl;Lnk me; j $Ptdhy; bray;gl Koa[ k;/ cliyr; bray;gl itg;gJ cs;spUf;Fk; $Ptnd vd;gJ Kf;fpa fUj;J/

g[wg;g [wg;g { tjpy; g[wg;g [w cWg;g [w mwj;jpil tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(690)

bka;. tha;. fz;. K: f;F. brtp Mfpa g[ wg;g[w cWg;g[fshfpa ,e;j phpa';fs; btspg;g[w cWg;g[fshf bewpnahL tps';FkhW tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

ghhpil nth;tpdpw; igapil Kl;ilapy; MUaph; mikf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(692)

jhtu';f s; Kjypad g{kpapYk;. czp. ngd; Kjypad nth;itapYk;. gwitfSk;. gy;y p Kjypa Ch;td tiffs; Kl;ilapYk;. kpUf';f s; kdpjh;fs; Kjypad fUg; igapYk;

233

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

gpwtp cUthfp mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[/ ;

vLf;F khW

caph;fis

mikj;Js; s

cyfpYs;s mj; jid $Ptd;fSk; gpwtpbaLg;gJ ,e;ehd;F tiff;Fs; ml';Fk;/ ,e; ehd;F tiffspy; VjhtJ xUtifapy; kl; Lnk gpwtp vLf;f Koa[k;/

Ch;td gwg;g d cWtd elg;g d Mh;t [w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(694)

$Ptd;fs; gpwtp vLg;gJ ehd;F tHpfspy; vd Kd;thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ/ mt;thW njhd;wpa $Pt d;fspd; tif ehd;fhf ,e; j thpapy; tFj;Jf; fhl;lg;gl;Ls; sJ/ ghk;g[. gy;yp. Xzhd; Kjypa Ch; td ,dkhft[k;. gwitfs; vy;yhk; gwg;gd ,dkhft[k;. jhtu';fs; Kjypad mira Koahj epiyapdjha; cWtd ,dkhft[ k;. kdpjh;fs; kpUf';fs; Kjypad elg;gd vdt[k; ehd;F tiffshf $Ptd;fis mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ (njhw;w k; vt;thW ehd;F tifnah mt;thnw tiffSk; ehd; fhf mike;jpUf;fpwJ/) $Pt d;fspd;

mirtpy mirt[s MU:aph;j; jpus; gy mryw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(696)

jhtu';f s; Kjpypad mirah caphpd';fs;. mirah caphpd';fs; vd;w hy; ,lk; tpl;L ntwplk; efu Koahjit vd;W bghUs;/ kw; w $Pth; fshy; ,lk; tpl;L ,lk; bgau Koa[khifahy; mira[k; caphpd';fs;/ cwtpdh; my;yhj xUtiu mayhh; vd; fpnwhk;/ may; vd;gnj mry; vdf; Fwpf;fg;gl;Ls;s J/ Md;k nea xUikg;ghl;Lhpik bfhz;L miraf; Toa caphpd';fisa[k; mirah caphpd';fisa[k ; may; vd;W ,y;y hky; cwtpdkhfnt mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

234

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Fwpg;g[/ ;

vj;Jiza[k; ngjKwhJ vt;t[apUk; jk;Kaph; nghy; vz;Qqjiyna ,';F mryw vdf; Twg;gl;lJ/ ehd;F tifj; njhw;w';fs; ehd;F tifg; gpwtpfs; ,uz;L tifahf ,';F gphpf; fg;gl;Ls; sJ/

mwpbthU tif Kjy; Itif mWtif (698) mwpju tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
njhw;w j;ijf; bfhz;Lk; gpwtpiaf; bfhz;Lk; ehd;F tiffshf. ,uz;L tiffshfg; gphpf;fg;gl;l $Ptd;f is mwpitf; bfhz;L ,';F gphpf; fg;gLfpwJ/ Xuwpt[s ;s jhtuk; Kjy; Iawpt[s;s kpUf';f s;tiu m`wpizahft[ k; Mwwpt[ s;s kdpjg; gpwtpia cah;jpizahft[ k; mwptpd; cah;r;r p jhH;r; rpiaf; bfhz;L tFj;j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

,abyhL btt;ntW ,a byhL btt;ntW gaDw mt;thW mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp /

(700)

khWgl;l ,ay;g[ bfhz;L tps';Ffpd;w xt;bthU caph; tifahYk; gyntW gad;fis ehk; Ja;f;FkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ vy;yh caph; tiffisf; bfhz;L ehk; Fwpg;g[/ ; Ja;f;fpd;w gaid vGj Vl;oyl';f h vdpDk; xU rpy fhzyhk;/ jhtu';f s; ? czt[. fdp. epHy; Kjypatw;iwj; jUfpd;wd/ kpUf';f s; ? ghy; ju. tz;o ,Gf; f. rthhpbra;a/

rpj;jpu tprpj;jpu rpUl;ofs; gygy mj;jif tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(702)

njhw;w ';fs; ehd;F tifahdhYk; xt;bthd; wpYk; mHfHfhft[k ; gy tprpj;j pu'; fs; bfhz;ljhft[k; btt; ntW tpjkhd gpwtpfis Vw;gLj;j pa mUl;b gU";n$hjp/ 235

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Fwpg;g[ /;

tprpj;u vd;gJ mHfw;w rpy gpwtpfis mrp'; fk;. mHfw; w vd;W Twhky; tprpj; u vd;W Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sJ ek; bgUkhdhhpd; fUiz epiwe; j kdjpw;F r; rhd;w hf cs;sJ/

bgz;z pDs; MQqk; MzpDs; bgz;Q qk; m z;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(704)

gpUjptp. mg;g[. nja[. tha[. Mfhrk;. gpufpUjp. Md;kh vd;w VG jhJf; fSk; To. Rf; fpyr; Rnuhzpj rk;ge;j rg;j jhJtha; rpUc;&of;Ff; fhuzkhapd/ ,e;j VG jhJf;f spy; gpUjptp. mg;g[. nja[. tha[ Mfpa ehd;Fk; bgz; ghfk;/ Mfhrk;. gpufpUjp. Md; kh Mfpa K: d; Wk; Mz; ghfk;. Mz; ghfk; nruhJ bgz; cUtg;glhJ/ bgz; ghfk; nruhJ Mz; cUtg;glhJ/ MQqf;Fs; ,t;thW bgz; ghfk; nrh;e; Js;s jhy; MQqf;Fs; bgz; cs; sthWk;. bgz; zpw;F s; Mz; ghfKk; nrh; e;jpUg;gjhy;. bgz; zpDs; MQqk; vd; wJ/ ,it VGk; xd;W To xU FHe; ij Mdjhy; beU';fpa[w (mz;Qqw) vd; wJ/ ,t;thW bgz;Qqf;Fs; MQqk; MQqf;Fs; bgz;Qqk; beU'; fp[a[ w tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Mjhuk;/ ; ciueil gf; 259/ jiyg;g[ Mz; ? bgz; ? bgz;zhz; kd mwpitg; bgz; zpay; vd;Wk; Md;k mwpit Mzpay; vd;W k; TWfpd; whh;/ bgz; zpay;ghfpa kd mwpt[ Mzplj; jpYk;. Mz; ,ay;ghfpa Md;k mwpt[ bgz;zplj;jpYk; tps';ff; TLkhjyhy; bgz;zpDs; MQqk; MzpDs; bgz;Qqk; tFj; jthW mwpf/

bgz;z pDs; K:d;W k; MzpDs; ,uz;L k; mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(706)

kd mwpt[. ngjikj; jd;ik. btspj; njhw; w trPf uk; Mfpa K:d;i wg; bgz;zplKk;. Md;k mwpt[. rydk; Mfpa ,uz;il MzplKk; tpyfhJ cs;sthW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

236

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

bgz;z pil ehd;F k; Mzpil K:d;W k; mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(708)

gpUjptp. mg;g[. nja[. tha[ mjhtJ kz;. ePh;. beUg;g[. ,akhdd; vd;Dk; fhw;W Mf ehd;Fk; bgz; zplj;jpy; cs;sgoa[ k;. Mfhrk;. gpujpfpUjp. Md;k czh;r ;rp Mfpa K:d;W k; Mzplj;jpy; cs;sgoa[k; ,itaidj; Jk; xd;W nrUkhWk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ (Mjhuk;/ ; gf; 261 ? jiyg;g[ rg;j jhJf;fs; ? ciueil)

bgz;z pay; MQqk; Mzpay; bgz;Q qk; mz;Q qw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(710)

bgz;zpd; jd;ik Miz ehLjYk;. Mzpd; jd;ik bgz;iz ehLjYk; vg;bghGJk; khwhky; cs; sthW mikj; j mUl;bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[/ ; ,j;jd; ikahy; $Pt eilbgw;W tUfpwJ/ ,af; fk; jilglhJ

bgz;jpwy; g[wj;J k; Mz; jpwy; mfj;J k; mz;L w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp (712)
bgz;zpd; Mw;wy; g[wj;nj mHfhft[k;. tifapy; njhd;W khWk;. Mzpd; Mw;wnyh Mw;wy;. mwpt[. tPuk; Kjypa re;jh;g;gk; tps';FkhW mfj;j py; kiwt[gLj;jp mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[/ ; trPfhpf;Fk; cs;slf;fp neUk;nghJ tFj;j

kdpj ,dk; jtpu kw;w $Ptd;fis nehf;Fk;nghJ Mnz mHfhft[k ; trPfuk; cilajhft[k; cs;s J ? cjhuzkhf nrty;. Mz; kapy;. Mz; fpsp. Mz; rp'; fk; Kjypatw;i w mjd; bgz; ,dj;njhL xg;gpl;lhy; Mnz mHfhdJ ? trPfuKilaJ vd;gJ bjspthFk;/ Mdhy; kdpj ,dj;jpy; kl;L k; bgz;z pd; g[w j;njhw;wnk

237

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

trPfukhf. mHfhf mike;J Miz ka';f itf;fpwJ/ Mdhy; bgz;nzh Mzpd; g[wj;njhw;w j;jpy; kl;Lky;yhJ mtdJ mfj;nj tps';Fk; mwpt[. Mw;w y;. tPu k; Kjypatw;iwf; fz;nl ehLkhW tFj;Js;sjhk;/

bgz;z pay; kdKk; Mzpay; mwpt[k; mz;Q qw tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(714)

kdk; khiaf;F moik/ khia cyfpaiy tpl;L nknyw tplhJ mGj;Jk;/ mg;gog;gl;l kd mwpitg; bgz;zpayhff; bfhs;s ntz;Lk;/ cyfpaiy czh;e ;J mUspaypy; cs;s ey;y ed;i kfis czh;j ;Jk; mwpit Mz; ,ay; vd;W k; bfhs; s ntz;Lk;/ bgz;zpaiy xd;iwbahd;W mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ kdkhft[k; beU';fp Mzpaiy mila[khW mwpthft[k; tFj;j

jdpj;jdp totpDk; jf;f Mz; bgz;z pay; (716) midj;J w tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Xuwpt[s ;s jhtu';f s; Kjyhf. gwitfs;. tpy';F fs;. kdpjh; fs; tiu vy;yh $Ptd;fspYk; Ch;td. gwg;gd. cWtd. elg;gd Mfpa ehy;tifj; njhw;w cUt';f spYk;. xt;bthUtif $Pt totj;jpYk; mJ mjw;b fhj; jthW Mz; vd;W k; bgz; vd;W k; jdpj; jdpna totj;ij mspj;J mjdjd; ,ay;g [fs; midj;jpida[k ; mila[k hW tFj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

cdw;fUk; capUs clYs cyFs midj;ija[k; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vz;zpg; $Ptd;fisa[k;.

(718)

ghh;f;f ,ayhj mstpy; capUs;s gy clnyhL thHf;Toa gy caphpd';f isa[k ;

238

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

kw;Wk; $lg; bghUshft[k ; cyfpy; tps';Ffpd;w bghUs;f isa[k ; cz;lhf;fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[/ ;

midj; Jg;

capUs. clYs vd;W jdpj; jdpna Twg;gl;Ls; sJ vd; d fhuzk; gw;wp vd;W rpe;jpf;ft[ k;/ capUs;s $Ptd;f spy; gy fz;Qqf;F j; njhw; wkpy;yhky; cs;sd/ mjhtJ capuQqf; fs;. ghf; O hpahf; fs;. fpUkpfs; Kjypad ? fz;Qqf;Fj; njhw;wkpy;yhky; cs;sd ? clnyhL fz;Qqf;Fj; njhw;wkhd $Ptd;fis clYs vd;Wk;. fz;Qqf;Fj; njhw;wkhfhj caphpd';fis capUs vd;Wk; gphpf;fpd; whnuh vdj; njhd;W fpwJ/

Xt[wh vGtif caph; Kjy; midj;J k; gU"; Mtif tFj;j mUl;bg U";n$hjp

(720)

(1) jhtu';fs; (2) ghk;g[. gy;yp Kjypa Ch;t d. (3) gwitfs;. (4) kpUf';fs;. (5) euh;fs;. (6) kdpjh;f s;. (7) njth;f s; Mfpa VG tif caphpd';fs; midj;Jk; xU gf;fk; ,wg;gpdhy; mHpe; J bfhz; nl ,Ue;j hYk; kW gf;fk; njhd;w pf; bfh;znl ,Ug;gjhy; ,ilbtspna ,y;yhjthW midj; J tif caphpd';fSk; thH; fpd;w epiy tFj; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

igfspd; Kl;ilapy; ghhpdpy; nth;tpdpy; Ibgw mikj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(722)

fUg;gg;ig K:ykhft[k ;. Kl;ilapypUe; Jk;. g{kpapdpd;W k;. tpah;it K:y khft[k ; caphpd';f s; gpwtp vLf;FkhW mikj;j mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ fUg;gg;ig K: yk; Kl;ilapdp;d ;W g{kpapypUe;J tpah;itapypUe; J = = = = kpUf';f s;. kdpjh; fs; Kjypad gy;y p. fhfk; Kjypa gwitfs; jhtu';fs; czp. ngd; Kjypad

239

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

jha; fUg;igapDs; j';fpa caph;fis Ma;t [wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(724)

jhapDila fUg; igapy; j';fpa caph;f s; mHpt[ whjthW mtw;iw tpsf;f pg; gpwtpa[l d; cyfpy; njhd;WkhW mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

Kl;iltha;g ; gapYk; KG caph;jpus;fis ml;lnk fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kl;ilapny KG cUtkhFk;/ jplkhf btsp fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /;

(726)

j'; fp tsUk; capuhdJ me;j $Ptdpd; mg;gog;gl;l caphpd';fs; midj; jpida[k ; tUk;go mUl; bgU";n$hjp Mz; ltnu

xU Kl;il mjhtJ xU nfhHp Kl; il vd;W kpfr; rhjhuzkhf vz;zptplf;T lhJ/ me; j Kl;ilapDs; ,Ug;gJ xU KGf; nfhHp vd;gij czh;j; jnt Kl;iltha;g; gapYk; KG caph; j ; jpus; vd;W Twpdhh;/

epyk; bgWk; caph; tif ePs; FG midj;Jk; (728) myk; bgwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
g{kpahdJ bgw; bwLf; fpd; w jhtu tifapd; bgah; fnsh mstpl KoahjJ ? vz;zpyl';f hjdthFk;/ mit midj; Jk; thlhky; tsh;e;J tps';F k;go mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPuhf/

nth;t [w cjpj;j kpFk; caph;j;jpus;fis Mh;t [wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(730)

jiyapny tpah; itapypUe;J jhd; ngd; njhd;Wfpd;w J/ ehapd; clk;g py; mjd; tpah;itapypUe; n j czp njhd;WfpwJ/

240

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

,t;thW tpah;itapypUe;J cjpf; fpd;w caphpd'; fisa[ k ; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu rpwg;g[w f; fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

cly; cW gpzpahy; caph; cly; bflhtif (732) mlYwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
cly; milfpd;w nehapd; fhuzkhf caph; j';fpapUf;f pd;w me;j clyhdJ bfl;Lg; nghfpd; wJ/ mjhtJ kuzk; vd;w xd;why; mHptJ kl;Lky;y/ ,J nghpHg;g[/ gytifapy; cly; bfLfpwJ/ fz; FUlhfpwJ ? fhJ brtpLgLfpwJ ? if. fhy; tpuy;fs; Fd; kj;j hy; mGfpf; FWfp tpLfpd;wd ? gf;f thj nehahy;. if. fhy;fs; braypHe;J tpLfpd;w d/ ,t;thW gy tpj';f spy; gpzpahy; clYk;. cly; cWg;g[fSk; bfl tha;g;g[s;s J/ vdnt cly; mila[k; nehapdhy; clyhdJ bfl;Lg; nghfhky; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

rpR Kjw; gUtr; bray;fspd; caph;fis mirtwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(734)

FHe;ij Kjy; gUt khw;w'; fshy; Vw;gLk; tpist[fshy; clypny ,Ue;J capuhdJ gphpahky; filrp tiu cyfpny thGk;go mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /; rpRg; gUtk; Kjy; tpUj; jhg;gpak; tiuapy; ve; jg; gUtj;jpYk; kuzk; tuyhk;/ mt;thW neuhky; fhj;j Usg; gpuhh;j ;jid bra;f pd;w hh;/ ,';F mirt[ vd;gJ kuzj;ijf; Fwpf;fpd;w J/

capUWk; cliya[k; clYWk; capiua[k; mah;twf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Mfhaj;j pny epuk;gpapUf;fpd;w capuQqf;fs; tHpahfj; je;ijapd; clypy; j'; fpg; gpd;dh;

(736) ePh pd; jhapd;

241

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

fUg;igapy; nrUfpd;wJ/ me;j capuQqf;fis Ez; fUtp (Microscope) K:y k; fhz KofpwJ/ me;j capuQqf; fisg; g{jg; nguQqt[U vd;f pwhh;/ caph; xspna ahFk;/ g{jg; nguQq cUtpYs;s mQqf;fSf;Fs; caph; ,Uf; fpwJ/ g{jg; nguQq cUnt caph; vLj; j clyhFk;/ me;jg; g{jg; nguQq t[UthdJ jhapd; fUg;igapYs;s fU Kl;i lapDs; EiHe;J j';f ptpLkhdhy; me;jf; fU Kl;i lahdJ gt[jpf clk;ghf tsh;fpwJ/ gt[jpf clk;ghfpa ehk; fhQqk; !;J}y clk;bgLj;Jf; bfhz;lJ g{jg; nguQq totpypUe; j caph;/ me;j caph; vLj;jJ g{jg; nguQq cU/ ,g;go caph; mile; j cliya[ k; (g{jg; nguQqt[U) cly; (gt[jpf cly;) vLj;j capiua[ k; jsh;tilahJ mUl; bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

ghLWk; mtj;ijfs; gytpDk; caph;fis (738) MLwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
gy Jd;g';fs; thH;f ;ifapy; njhd;wp caph;fis thl;Lfpd;wd/ ,e;j caph;f s; midj;jpida[k ; mj;Jd;g';f spnyapUe; J mtjpg;glhky; ,d;gkhf thGk;go mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

luhjpahy; Kr;Rluh jpahy; vr;rf capiua[k; mr;rwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(740)

N:hpad;. re; jpud;. mf;fpdp Mfpa K: d;W Rlh;fisf; bfhz;L ve;j cyfj;jpny thH; fpd; w capuhapDk; mtw;w pd; gak; eP';fp thGk;go mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

bghHptpj; thd; Kfpw; rj;jpahy; kiH bghHptp j;J aph; (742) Mdwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
thdj;jpny njhd;Wk; nkfj; jpd; Mw;wyhy; kiH bghHptpj;J caph;fspd; thl;l k; eP ';F khW mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPuhf/

242

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www.vallalar.org

,d;g [W rj;jpahy; vHpd; kiH bghHptpj;J (744) md;g [wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,d;gj;i j mspf;fpd;w j'; fspd; mUs;kpF Mw; wiyf; bfhz;L mHpitj; jUfpd;w bgU kiH ,y;yhJ Mde;jj;ij mspf;Fk; tifapy; kpf mHfhfj; njitahd mst[ kiH bghHpa[k;gor; bra;J caph;f is mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu md;g[ ld; fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

vz;z paw; rj;jpahy; vy;yh cyfpDk; fhj; mz;Q qaph; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(746)

mstw;w vz;Qqf; fl';fhj j'; f sJ nguhw;wyhy; vy;yh cyfpYk; cs;s midj;J caphpd';fisa[k; ed;F thGk;go mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

mz;lg; g[wg;g [w mKjk; bghHpe;J aph; mz;L wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(748)

mz;l btspapny g[wg;g[w mKjkhf tps';Fk; kiH bghHptpj;J caph; fs; midj;J k; ,ize;J thGk;go mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

njtiubay;yhk; jpfH; g[w mKjspj;J Mtif fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(750)

jat[k; ,uf;f KKila g[z; zpah;fl;bfy;yhk; tps';Ffpd;w kjp kz;lyj;J mKjj;ij thahu cz;Qqk;goj; je;J mth;fs; tps';Fk; tif mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

mfg;g [w mKjspj;J Ituhjpfis mfg;g lf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(752)

rpw;rig mKjspj;J bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f ;F. brtp Mfpa ,e;jphpa'; fs; Ie; Jk;. kdk;. g[ j; jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk;. 243

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www.vallalar.org

cs;sk; Mfpa fuz';f s; Ie; Jk; iftrk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/ mfg;g[wk; vd;gJ $Ptd;/ $Ptd; ,Uf;Fkplk; vdnt mfg;g[w mKjk; rpw; rig mKjkhapw;W mKjj; jpw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

MFk;go rpw;r ig rpw; rig

fs;Sz;lhbsdg; g[ fd;w hh; fdfrig eLnt
fz;lJz;L rpw;rigapy; cz;lJ Kz; lo ehd; vs;Sz;l gytplaj; jpwf;F';fs; md;n w vd;W k; ,wth epiyapy; ,Uj;J k; fs; cs;Sz;l nghJ kaf;Fw;wpL';fs; mynt cs;s kaf;fidj;j pida[ k; xHpj; jpL'; fs; kltha; ms;Sz; l gpwUk; vid mLj;jLj;Jf; fz;lhy; mth;f;F kp';F mwpt[ jUk; ahDz; l fs;ns/ (mDgtkhiy) (jpUtUl;gh 5725)

jUk; mf mKjhy; rj;jp rj;jh;fis mUspdpy; fhf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(754)

mUs; jUfpd;w bghw;rigf; fhl;rp mKjj;jhy; vy;yhr; rj;jpfisa[k ; mr;rj; jpfis elj;Jtpf;F k; vy;yhr; rj;jh; fisa[ k; j';f spd; mUspdhy; mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPuhf/ Fwpg;g[ /; mfk; vd;gJ Md;kh Md;k htpd; ,Ug;gplk; Md;khfhrkhd bghw; rig/ vdnt mf mKjk; bghw;rig mKjk; Mapw;W/ bghw;rigapy; fhl;r p jhd; cz;L/ me;j f; fhl;rpna bghw;r ig mKjk; vdg;gl;lJ/ Kd; thpapy; Fwpg;g plg;gl;Ls; s mDgtkhiyg; ghliyf; ftdpf; f/

fhyKk; epajpa[k; fhl;o vt;t [apiua[k; fhyKk; MYwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(756)

nfhil fhyj;jpy; bta;apYk; khhpf; fhyj;jpy; kiHa[ k ; Mz;ltd; gilj;j epajp/ fhy'; fisa[k; mf; fhy';fspy; 244

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

epfH ntz;oa gUt khw; w';f isa[k; bra;J vt;t[a ph;f isa[k ; tskhf thGk;go Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPuhf/

fpukg;go epfHr; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp

tp;r;iria ,r;iria tpistpj;J aph;fis (758) mr;rwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
tp;r;ir vd;gJ tpj;ij/ ,r;ir vd;gJ Mir my;yJ tpUg;gk;/ caph;f splj; jpy; Mw; wy; kpf;f bray;ghLfisa[k ; mjw;Fhpa Mirfisa[k; nkYk; nkYk; bgUfr; bra; J caph; fisg; gakpd;wp thGk;go mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

nghfKk; fspg;g [k; bghUe;J tpj;Japh;fis (760) MfKl;fhf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
mDgtpf;f ntz;oa kfpH;r ;rpiaa[k; caph; fs; mt;t[aph;fspd; cs;spUe;J fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ vy;y h ,d;g Rf';fisa[k ; mila[khW bra; Jtpj; J mUl; bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu

fiy mwptspj;J f; fspg;g pdpy; capbuyhk; (762) miytwf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
"hd mwpit mspj;J cyfpdpy; cs; s caph;f bsy;y hk; vjw;Fk; miye;J V';fpj; jphpahJ mDgtpf;Fk;go mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

tpla epfH;r;rpahd; kpFKaph; midj;ija[k; (764) milt[wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
cyf tptfhu';fspy; Vw;gLk; rpy rk; gt';fspdhy; rpy jtWfis ,iHj;JtpLk; caph;f isa[k; tpyf;fp tplhky; j';fs; mUs; ghh;itapnyna itj;J mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPuhf/

245

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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g spj; Jd;gspj;jh';nf Rfkspj;J aph;fis md;g [wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(766)

caph;fs; jhk; bgw; w mw;g Rje; jpuj;i jg; gad;gLj;jpr; bra;j tpidfl;n fw;gg; gaidj; Ja;g;gJ vy;n yhh; f;Fk; bghJthdJ/ ,iwtdpd; ,e;j epajpapd;g oj; jPtpid bra;njhh; mjw;Fhpa jz;lidiaa[k; ey;tpid bra; njhh; ew;gaida[ k; milth;/ ,e;j epajpapd;g oj; jPtpid bra;njhh; Kd; bra;j jPtpidapd; gadhfj; Jd;gk; mila[khW tpjpj;j hYk; mj;Jd;gj;jpdhy; tUj;jkilahj mstpy; Jd;gspj;j mg;nghnj mt;t[a ph; fl;Fr; Rfkspj; J mt;t[aph;fis mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu md;g[l d; fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /; Mz;ltd; rpyUf;Ff; fhahft[k; rpyUf;Fg; gHkhft[k ; ,Uf; fpd; whd; vd;W thahfp thapwe;j bksdkhfp vd;W bjhl';Fk; kfhnjtkhiyg; ghl;oy; fhahfpf; fdpahfp vd;fpd;whh;/ jPtpidahsh;f ;F mtd; fhahfpwhd;/ ey;tpidahsh; fl;F mtnd gHkhfpwhd;/ ,e;j mfty; thp ciuf;F ,e;j kfhnjt khiyg; ghly; Xh; Mjhuk;/

funze;jpaj;jhy; fspg;g [w caph;fis munzh;e;jspj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(768)

kdk;. g[j;j p. rpj; jk;. mf';fhuk;. Mfpa fuz';f shYk;. bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f ;F. brtp Mfpa ,e; jphpa';fshYk; ,d;gnk mila[k;g o mt;t[a ph;fSf;Fj; jh';fs; ghJfhtyhf ,Ue;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPu hf/

vj;jif vt;t [a ph; vz;z pd mt;t [a ph;f;F mj;jif mspj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(770)

ve;jtpjkhf mDgtpf; f ve; j $Ptd; Mirg;gLfpwnjh me;j $PtDf;F mJ Mirg;gl;l tpjkhfnt mspj;J mjd;

246

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Miria epiwntw;wp fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /;

vd;

mUl;b gU";n$hjp

Mz;ltnu

vt;tz;zk; ntz;LfpDk; mt;tz; z k; md;nw ,u';fp <e; jUSk; gjk; vd;f pwJ jpUtog;g[fH;r ;rp/

vg;g o vt;t [a ph; vz;z pd mt;t [aph;f;F mg;g o mspj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(772)

ve;j caph; vg;gobay;y hk; tpUg;gg;gLfpd;wnjh me;j caph;f;F mg;gona mJ bgw;W thH;fpd;wthW mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu mUs; mspj;j Us;tP uhf/

V';fhJaph;j;jpus; v';bf';fpUe;jd M';fh';F mspj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(774)

gf;jp gytpjk;/ rpyh; j'; fl;F vd;b dd;d njitnah mtw;iwbay;y hk; mUSk;go Mz;l tid ntz;Lthh;f s;/ rpyh; ekf;F vd;d njitnah mJ Mz;ltDf;F j; bjhpahjh! mtd; je;j hy; jul;Lk;/ ehkhf xd;Wk; nfl;f ntz;lhk; vd;W ,Ug;ghh;fs;/ vija[k; ntz; lhJ vjw;F k; V';fhj epuhir vd;Dk; gf;Ftj;jpYs;s caphpd';fs; ve;bje; j ,lj;jpy; jj;j k; bfhs;i fg;go vija[k; ntz;lhJ epd;wdnth me;j $Pth;fl;Fk; me;j e;j ,lj;j pnyna mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu mUs; jUtPh; fshf/

brhy;YWk; mRj;jj; bjhy;Yaph;f;ft;tif (776) my;yypy; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
jtW bra;a[ k; $Pth;f s; gHpr; brhy;Yf;F vd;Wk; Mshthh; fs;/ jPa FzKilath;fns jtW bra;t hh;f s;/ mt;thW jtW bra;af; Toa $Pt h;fisa[k; gHpr; brhy; yhy; Vw;glf; Toa my; yypUe;J mUl;b gU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/

247

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Fwpg;g[ /;

jPa FzKilnahh; gHpr; brhy;Yf;F Mshfpna jPUth;/ ,ijna brhy; YWk; vd;w thh;j; ij tpsf;Ffpd;wJ/ Md; khf; fisg; gpwtp vLf;F Kd;ng gf;Ftk;. mgf;Ftk;. gf;Fth gf;Ftk; vd K:d;whff; flt[spd; mUl; rf;j p gphpj; J tpl;lJ vd ciueilapy; ek; bgUkhdhh; TWfpd;whh;/ ,e;j thpapy; mgf;Ft Md;khf;fspd; epiy Twp ntz;lg;gl; lJ/

Rj;jKk; mRj;jKk; njha[a ph;f; fpUikapd; (778) mj;jif fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd; thpapy; jtW bra;f pd;w moepiy $Pth; fisf; fhg;ghw;w ntz; lg;gl;l J/ mt;t hW jtnw bra;f pd;w moepiyapypUe;J rw;W jpUe;j p ey;y rpy Fz';f is tsh;j;j $Pt h;fs; jPait ey;y it Mfpa ,uz;Lk; fye;J fhzg;gLthh; fs;/ ,ijj; jhd; Rj;jKk; mRj; jKk; njha;e; j caph; vd ,e;j thpapy; Twg;gl; lJ/ mitfs; bra;f pd;w ey;tpid jPtpidf;n fw;g ,k;ik kWik ,d;g';fis mt;thnw mspj;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /; Kd; thpf; Fwpg; igf; fhz; f/ Md;khf;fspd; epiy ,e;j ntz;lg;gl; lJ/ gf;Fth gf;Ft thpapy; tpsf;f p

tha;e;jpLk; Rj;j tif caph;f;F xUikapd; (780) Ma;e;J wf; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Kd;thpapy; rw;W jpUe; jp ey;y it jPait Mfpa ,uz;Lk; fye; j $Pth;fs; thH ntz;lg;gl;l J/ Kjypy; mRj;j epiyapypUe; J Rj;jKk; mRj;jKk; njha;e ;j epiyf;F khwpg; gpd;dh; jPait midj;Jk; eP' ;fpa. ey;yd kl;Lnk tps';Ffpd;w $Pth;f isg; gw;wp ,e; j thpapy; Twg;gLfpwJ/

248

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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J}a Fz';fns tha;f;fg; bgw;w ey;y Md;khf; fSf;F "hd mwptpdhy; xd;wpa kdk; TLkstpw;F Muha;r; rpa[k ; To mila[k hW mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj; jUs;t Puhf/ Fwpg;g[ /; Kd; thpfspd; Fwpg;gpidf; fhz; f/ gf;Ft Md;khf;fspd; epiy gw;wpf; Twp ntz; lg;gl;lJ/

vitbayhk; vitbayhk; <z;od <z;od mitbayhk; fhj;jUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp (782)
ve;bje;j caph;f s; ,iwtnd cd;i d beU';fpdnth mt;t[aph;fis vy;yhk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;j Us;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /; ,iwtid mz;oa caph;fisf; fhj;j Us; vd;wjdhy; ,iwtid mz;lhj caph; fs; j';f s; j';fs; g{h;t $d;k tpidf; nfw;g mjdjd; gaid mile;n j jP Uk; vd;gJ tps';Ffpd; wJ/ ,iwtid mz;oa caph;f nsh tpid xU gf;fk; Jd;ge; je; jhYk;. mj;Jd;g j;jpdpd;Wk; ,iwtdhy; fhg;ghw; wg;gLfpd;wd/ gf;jpahy; ,iwtid mQqfp mile;jhy; CiHa[k; mWf; f Koa[k;/

Mjhuk;/ ;

CiH mWf; f cstwpahg; bgha;adptd; kdk;
gPiH kdk; ek;ikg; bgwhj kdk; bfhoa jhiH bad vz;zp vd;i dj; js;s ptpl;lhy; vd; bra; ntd; ViH ehd; xw;wp vGj;jwpa[k; bgUkhnd/ (746)

mz;lj; Jhpira[k; mfpyj;Jhpira[k; mz;lw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(784)

mz;lg; bgUbtspapny cs;s Fw;w'; fSk; mfpykhk; ,t;t[yfpny cs;s Fw;w ';fSk; beU';f hjthW mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu mlf;fp mUs;t Ph;f shf!

249

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mz;lg; bgUbtspapny mj;jida[nk mz;lj; JhpRfs;/

ek; ikg;

ghjpf;f f;

Toa

g{kpapny njhd;W k; g{fk;gk;/ ePh pny njhd;Wk; mstpw;F kPwpa bgU bts; sk;. nga; kiH. fhw; wpdhy; Vw;gLk; ehrfhug; g[ay; Kjypad mfpyj;JhpR/

gpz;lj; Jhpira[k; ngUaph;j; Jhpira[k; mz;lw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(786)

clypy; Vw;gLfpd;w Cd';fs; mjhtJ FUL. brtpL. Cik nghd;wit gpz;lj; JhpR/ jPtpidahy; tUk; clw;gpzpaw;w Jd;g';fbsy;y hk; ngUaph;j; JhpR/ gpz;lj; jpYk; ngUaphpYk; JhpRfs; mjhtJ Fw;w';fs; vJt[k ; beU'; fhjthW mlf; fp mUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

capUW khiaapd; cWtphp midj;J k; mapuw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp (788)
khiaahfpa cyf Miria caph; mila[ k;/ caph; mile; j khiaapd; tphpnth mde; jk;. mjhtJ khia vd;gJ cyf Mir/ me;j Mirapd; msitf; Twg;g[fpd; vz;zpy; ml';fh/ me;j Mirfs; midj;j pida[ k ; jaf;fkpy;yhky; mlf; fp mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu Ms;tPuhf/

capUWk; ,Utpid cWtphptidj;J k; gU"; mah;tw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(790)

kdpj caphpdk; kl;Lk; ey;t pid jPtpid ,uz;i la[k; milfpwJ/ ,t;tpidfs; ,uz; Lk; kdk;. thf;F. fhak; Mfpa K:d;wpdhYk; mila[k;/ me;j tpidfs; tpdhof;F tpeho bgUfpf; bfhz;n l tUtjhy; mjd; bgUf;f j;jpd; msnth brhy;y KoahJ/ mg; bgUf; fj;jpidr; nrhh;tilahJ mlf;f p vd; mUl;b gU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mUs; jUtPuhf/

250

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Fwpg;g[ /;

kdpj ,dj;jpw;F kl;Lk; mw;g Rje;juk; ,iwtdhy; jug;g l;Ls;s J/ me; j mw;g Rje;juj;jhy; kdpj ,dk; ey;tpidnah jPtpidnah bra;J bfhz; nl ,Ug;g jhy; ght g[z;zpa';fSk;. tpidfSk;. tpidfl;nfw;gg; gad;fSk; kdpj ,dj;ijr; rhh;fpd;w d/ kw; w $Pth;fl;F mw;g Rje; juk; jug;glhjjhy; mitfspd; bray; fl;Fg; ght g[ z; zpa';fnsh tpidnah fpilahJ/

fhkg; g[ilg;g [ caph; fz; bjhluh tif Mkw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(792)

g[ilg;g[ vd;gJ nknyh';FtJ/ fhkj; jpd; g[ilg;g hfpa nkhfnkh caphpdj; ijj; bjhluhj tifapy; mit ,Ue;jd vd;w brhy;Yf;nf ,lkpy;y hjthW mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu mlf;fp mUs;jUtPuhf/ Fwpg;g[ /; tpidiag; gw; wp Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;l J/ me;j tpidf;Ff; fhuzk; Mir/ nknyh'; fpa Mir vd;gijna fhkg;g[i lg;g[ vd ,e; j thpapy; Twg;gl;lJ/ Mir mWe;J tpl; lhy; tpidna mWgl;LtpLk;/ (794)

bgh';F W btFspg; g[ilg;g [fbsy;yhk; m';fw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

rpdk; vd;gJ cs;ntf;fhL. btFsp vd;gJ fz; rptj;jy; kPir Joj;jy; nghd;w btspg;gL bray;fs;/ ,it Ma[ is ec;&lkilar; bra;a [k;/ btFspapd; mst[ kPwy;f s; vg;nghbjy;y hk; vGfpd;wnjh mg;nghnj m';n fna rpwpJk; ,y;yhJ mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mlf;f p Ms;tPuhf/ Fwpg;g[ /; bray;ghLfl;F Mir kl;Lk; fhuzky;y/ nfhgKk; fhuzkhjyhy; mjd; cl;g phpt[fshfpa btFsp rpdk; Kjypatw;wpy; ,e;j thpapy; btFsp

251

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Twg;gl;lJ/ ntz;Lk;/

fhkj;J ld;

btFspa[ k;

mlf;fg;gl

kjk; g[iu nkhfKk; kw;wt[k; M';fh';F mjk; bgw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(796)

mf';f huKk;. vg;ghLgl;l htJ vt;t ifahapYk; jhd; tpUk;gpaij mile;nj jP UtJ vd; fpw nkhfKk; ,it ,uz;ila[k; rhh; e;j kw;w jP ikfSk; v';bf';F bjhl';F fpd; wdnth m';f';nfna ehrkila[k hW mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu mlf;fp mUs; jUtP h;fshf/ Fwpg;g[ /; ,e;j thpapYk; tpidf;Ff; fhuzkhf cs;s nkhfk;. kjk; Kjypad vLj;J f; fhl;lg;gl; ld/ ,it midj;J k; ePf;fg;g l ntz;oaitna/

tLt[W k; mRj;j thjid midj;ija[k; mlh;g w mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp $hjp

(798)

jPa Fz'; fs; bfhz;l xUtd; xUKiw jpUotpl;L r; rpiwf;Fg; nghdhd;/ rpyfhyk; fHpj; J mtd; jpUe; jp xU bghpa kfhdhf tsh; e;Jtpl;lhd;/ gy fhyk; fHpj;J kfhdhf ,Ue;j mth; jd; brhe;j CUf;F te;jhh;/ kf; fspy; gyh; mth; bghpa kfhd; vd;W mth; fhypy; tpGe;J tz';fpdh;/ rpW tajpy; mtiuj; bjhpe; j xUth; ahh; mJ kfhdh md;W jpUotpl;Lr; rpiwf;Fg; nghdhnd mtd; jhnd vd;W nfl;lhuhk;/ jw;nghJ jpUe;j p xU kfhd; vd; w bgah; bgw;w gpwFk;. Kd;g[ vLj; j me;jf; bfl; l bgah; khwhJ/ mogl;l ,lj;jpy; g[z ; MwpdhYk; milahskhf tL ,Uf;Fk;/ mJ nghy; thH;t py; ehk; bra;f pd;w jtWfs; vd;iwf;Fk; ek;ik milahsk; fhl;of; bfhz; nl ,Uf;Fk; / ,ijj; jhd; tL vd;W TWfpd;whh;/ vd;iwf;Fk; milahsk; fhl;L fpd; w jPa Fz'; fs; midj; ija[k ; rpwpJk; ,Uf;f bthl; l hJ mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mlf;fp vd; id Ml;bfhs;tP uhf/

252

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Rj;jKk; mRj;jKk; njha;e;j thjidfis (800) mj;jif mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ey;tpid jPtpid Mfpa ,uz;od; K: ykhf tuf;Toa ,d;g Jd;g mDgt';f s; midj;j pida[k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mlf;fp ,Utpid xg;g[ky ghpghfk; mUs;tPu hf/ Fwpg;g[ /; ey;tpid. jPt pid Mfpa ,uz;L k; gpwtpiaf; bfhLf;Fk;/ ,uz;L k; mw;Wg; nghdhy; gpwtpia mWf;fyhk;/ ,jdhy; jhd; ,t; tpuz;ila[k ; mlf;FkhW ,iwtid ntz;Lfpd;whh;/

ehy;tapw;WhpRk; ez;Qqaph; Mjpapy; Myw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(802)

JhpRfs; mjhtJ Fw;w'; fs; ehd;F tif/ ahit> gpzp. K:g;g[. gak;. Jd;gk;/ gpzp. K:g;g[ ,uz;Lk; clYf;F tUtJ/ gak;. Jd;gk; Mfpa ,uz; Lk; mfj;nj kdjpy; njhd;W tJ/ ,e; ehd;F JhpRfisa[k; bjhl';Fk;nghnj ,it mw;W k; nghFk;go mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu mlf; fp mUs;g[ hptPh ;fshf/

ehy;tapw; gilg;g [k; ehy; tapw; fhg;g [k; Myw mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(804)

$Ptd;fs; ehd;F tiffshf mjhtJ Ch;td. gwg;gd. cWtd. elg;gd vd; wthW gilf; fg; gl;Ls;sd/ Md;kh. $Ptd;. fuz';fs;. ,e; jphpa';fs; Mfpa ehd;Fk; xt;bthU $PtDf;Fk; cz;L/ Kd; thpapy; Twg; gl;l gpzp. K:g;g[. gak;. Jd;gk; Mfpa ehd;Fk;T l $Ptd;fl;Fg; bghJthfnt cs;sJ/ ehd;F Fw;w';fshYk; ,e; j $Ptd;f l;F Mgj;J neuhtz;z k; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu fhj; jUs; tPuhf/

K:t plj; jpUikapd; Kd;dpa bjhHpw;fhpy; Mtplj; jlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
K:tplk;

(806)

= ehd; ? eP ? mJ. mts;. mtd;/

253

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

,Uik

= ,k; ik. kWik/

jd;ik. Kd;dpiy. glh;f ;if vd ,yf; fzk; K:tplj; ijf; Fwpf;fpwJ/ jd;i k vd; gJ ehd; ? Kd;dpiy vd;gJ eP/ glh;f ;if vd;gJ mtd; . mts;. mJ MFk;/ ehd;. eP vd;gJ cah;jpiz. mJ vd;gJ m`wpiz/ Mwwpt[s ;s $Pth;f s; Kjy;. Ie;jwpt[ bjhl';fp Xuwpt[ s;s jhtuk; tiu midj;J $Pt d;fisa[k ; gilj;jy;. fhj;j y;. JhpR ePf;Ftpj;j y;. gf;Ftk; tUtpj;jy; Mfpa Ie;J bjhHpy;fs; K:yk; ,k;ik kWik ,d;g';f is mspj; Jj; jd; mUs; btspf;F s;nsna mlf; fp mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;tPuhf/

K:t pl Kk;ikapd; Kd;dpa bjhHpw;fhpy; (808) Mtplk; mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
Xuwpt[ Kjy; MW mwpt[ tiu cs;s cah; jpiz m`wpiz Mfpa vy;y h $Ptd;fisa[k; kdk; thf;F fhak; Mfpa K:d ;wpdhy; Mw;wg;gLk; bray; ghLfspy; mika[ khW mlf;f p Ms;fpd;w mUl; bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu/

jj;J tr; nrl;ila[k; jj;J tj; JhpRk; mj;jif mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
jj;Jt'; fs; bkhj;jk; 96 vd tFf;fg; gl;Ls;sd/

(810)

fUnke;jphpa';fs;. "hnde; jphpa';fs; mitfspd; bjhHpw;ghLfs;. $Ptd;. Md;kh. Mztk;. khia. fd;kk;. khkhia. jpnuhij. grp. gpzp. gak;. Jd;gk; Kjypa bjhz;Qqw;whW jj; Jt';f spdhy; Vw;glf;Toa rpy tpUk;gj; jfhj epfH;t[fisa[k; (nrl; ilfs;) mitfspdhy; Vw;gLk; Fw; w';fSk; (JhpR) kpfhky; mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mlf;fp mUs;jUtPuhf/

254

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Rj;jkh epiyapy; N:GW tphpit mj;jif mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(812)

jPa Fz';fs; tpyfp. kdk; J}a;i kaile;J mDgtpf;Fk; me; jr; rkaj;jpy; epfGk; gue; j mDgt epiyfspy; me; j kdij ed;F mlf;fp mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu mUs; mspg;gP h;fshf/

fiutpd; kh khiaf; fUk;bgUe;jpiuahy; miurJ kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(814)

vy;iyna ,y;yhj khkhia vDk; khah rf;jpapdhy; cyf Miria $Pt h;fl;F nkYk; nkYk; cz;l hf;f p ,iwtdpd; murhl;r p ,d;dthW cs;s J vd mwpah tz;zk; kiwg;igf; fhpa bghpa jpiuahf Vw;gLj;jpa[ s;s mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

ngUW ePyg; bgUe;jpiu mjdhy; MUaph; kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(816)

cliy ,af;Ffpd; w rpwg;g[ ila capuhdJ clYf;Fs; vg;go te;jJ. v'; nf ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;bwy;yhk; mwpah tz;zk; fphpah rf;j p vd; w ePyj; jpiuahy; kiwf;fpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

gr;irj; jpiuahy; gubtspajid mr;Rw kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(818)

gr;irj; jpiu vd; fpw guhrf;jpahy; khiaia $PtDf;Fj; je;J ,iwtd; tps'; Fk; gubtspia kpf mGj;j khfnt kiwf;fpd;w mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

brk;ikj; jpiuahy; rpj;J W btspia mk;ikapd; kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(820)

rptg;g[j; jpiuahfpa ,r;rh rf;jp vd;w xd;iwf; bfhz;L $Ptd; fshdJ rpj;Jf; fs; tps';Ffpd;w mDgt

255

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

btspia mila bthl; lhJ kiwf;Fk; mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

btFbjhiytpy;

epWj; jp

jpiuahy; bghd;ikj; jpiuah y; bghUSW btspia md;ikapd; kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(822)

k";rs; tz;z Kila bghd;i kj; jpiuahfpa "hd rf;jp vDk; jpiuahy; rptkhfpa bghUis milaf; Toa btspia beU';fh tz;zk; J}uj;j pnyna epWj;j p kiwf;Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

btz;ikj; jpiuahy; bka;g ;g jp btspia kapd; mz;ikapd; kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(824)

btz;ikj; jpiuahfpa Mjprf; jp vDk; jpiuahy; cz;ikahd ,iwtdpd; ,Ug;gplj;i j mila[k; btspia kpf mUfpnyna itj;Jk; kiwf;f pd;w mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

fyg;g [j; jpiuahy; fUjDgt';fis myg;g [w kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(826)

Md;kPf j; Jiwapy; ,Ue; j xU fUj;J vd; dbtdpy; "hdpfs;. g[z;z pah;fs; Mfpath;fspd; $PtdhdJ Kotpy; ,iwtDld; fye;J tpl Koa[k ; vd;Wk;. ,e;j clk;g [ mjw;Fj; jil vd;W k; fUjpg; gyh; tYf; fl;lhakhfj; jhdhfnt clk;ig tpl;oUf;fpd;whh;fs;/ ts;s yhh; fUj;njh ahuhapUe;jhYk;. vt;tst[ bghpa "hdpaha; ,Ue;j hYk;. md;dhuJ njfk; kz;zpw;nfh beUg;g[ f;nfh ,iuahFkhdhy; mtuJ caph; me;jg; gpwg;gpy; bra;j ed;ik jPikfl;nfw;gg; gpwtp vLj;n j jPU k; vd;g jhFk;/ $PtdhdJ jdpj; J ,a';fhJ vd;W k; jpl;ltl;lkhf mwptpf;fpd;whh;/ fyg;g[ vd;gJk; xU jpiuahFk;/ rpw;rj;jp vd;f pd;w fyg;g[j ; jpiuahy; ,Jtiu Vw;gl;l mDgt';fis monahL njhd;whjthW kiwf; fpd; w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

256

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

tpla epiyfis btt;ntW jpiufshy; mlh;g [w kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(828)

cyfpaypny cs;s gy; ntW tpla';fs;. gyntW epfH;t[ fs;. xt;bthd;W k; xt;bthU kiwg;ghfg; gyntW kiwg;g[fis cz;lhf;fp me;j kiwg;ghdJ vspjpy; tpyfhjthW mlh;e;J beU';fp cs;sthW kiwf;f pd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

jj;J t epiyfisj; jdpj; jdpj; jpiuahy; (830) mj;jpw kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
gpz;lj; jpny jj; Jt';f is ,e;jphpa'; fs;. fuz';fs;. mitfs; braw;ghLfs; Kjypathff; fzf;fpl;L 96 vd tFj;Js;s hh;f s;/ mz;lj;jpny gpUk;k h. tpc&;Qq. Uj; ud;. knfRtud;. rjhrptd; Kjyhfg; gy mDgt';f isj; jj;Jt'; fshff; fhl;oa[ s;shh;fs;/ me;jj; jj; Jt'; fs; xt; bthd; iwa[k ; xt;bthU jpiuahf epWj;jpj; jd; ty;ygj;j hy; kiwf;Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

jpiu kiwg;bgy;yhk; jPh ;j;jh';fh';nf muRwf;fhl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(832)

jpiufspdhy; Vw;gl; l mj;J iz kiwg;g[fisa[k ; ePf;f p xt;nthh; mDgtj; ija[k ; jd; trkhf;f p M';fh';nf jd;dhl;rp brYj;JkhW fhl;L fpd; w mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ (ve;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp ,Jtiu jpiuapl;L kiwj;j njh mJnt mj;jpiufis tpyf;fpf; fhl;Lkhk;)

njhw;w khkhiaj; bjhlh;g Wj;jUspd; Mw;wiyf; fhl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
njhd;W fpd;w bgUk; nguhirapd; bjhlh;ig ,iwaUspd; ty;ygj;ijg; nguhw;wiyf; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

(834) mWj;J fhl;L k;

257

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

Fwpg;g[/ ;

khkhia vd;gJ bgUk; nguhir vd; dpy; me; j Mirapd; bjhlh;ng ,y;yhJ epuhir epiy Vw;gLkhdhy; ,iw mUspd; Mw;wiy ehk; fhz Koa[k;

Rj;j khkhiaj; bjhlh;g Wj;jUis mj;jif fhl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(836)

Kd; thpapy; Twg;gl;l njhw;w khkhia vd;gJ cyfpay; thH;tpy; njhd;Wfpd; w bgUk; nguhirfisg; gw;wpaJ vd;w hy; ,e;j thpapy; Rj;j khkhia vd;gJ mUspaypny. Md; kPfj; Jiwapny njhd;w f;Toa bgUk; nguhirfisf; fz; of;fpwJ/ mUspaypny. "hdj;jpny. jtj;jpny <LgLk;bghGJ gy rpj;J f;fs; jhdhff; if tUk; my;yJ gy rpj;Jf;fis ehnk mila Mir bfhz;L mila Kaw;rpg;gJ/ mUs;thf;F. rpj;J tpisahl;L nghd;w mw;g Mirfspd; bjhlh;ig mWj; J mtw; iw mila tpUk;ghky; ,iwtid miljny Fwpf; nfhshff; bfhz;L thH;fpd;w tif mUis mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz; ltnu mspj; jUs;t Puhf/

vidj; jhzt Kjy; vy;yhk; jtph;j;nj mDf;fpufk; g[hp mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(838)

fy;tp. bry;tk;. Fyk;. g[fH;. bjhHpy; Kjypa gy fhuz'; fshy; xU kdpjDf;F Mztk; Vw;gl tHpa[z ;L/ ,ijj; jhd; vidj;J Mztk; vdf; Twg;gl;lJ/ ,t;thW vf; fhuz'; bfhz;Lk; ve;j tpjj;jhYk; tuf; ToaJ Mztk;/ Mztj;i jj; bjhlh;e;J tuf;T oa khia fd;kk; Kjypatw; iwa[k ; jtph;j ; J mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mUs;g[h ptPuhf/

258

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

tpla kiwg;bgyhk; tpLtpj;J aph;fis mila[wj; bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(840)

$hjp. kjk;. rkak;. Fyk;. nfhj;jpuk; . bkhHp. njrk;. cah;t[. jhH;t [. ViH. gzf;fhud;. Kjyhsp. bjhHpyhsp. nghd;w gy;ntW tpla'; fshy; rnfhju chpik. ,iwehl;lk;. Kjypad $Pt h;fsplk; mGj; jkhf kiwf;fg;gl;Ls;s J/ mt;tpj kiwg;g[fspypUe;J $Pt h;fis tpLtpj;J j';fs; mUs; ty;ygj;jhy; xd;W nrh;j ; J mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu thH;t spg;gPh ;fshf/

brhU:g kiwg;bgyhk; bjhiyg;gpj;J aph;fis (842) mUspdpy; bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,iwtd; midth;f;Fk; bghJthf xUtnd cs; shd; vd;gjwpahJ cUt ngj';f spdhy; Vw;gl;L s;s kiwg;igbayhk; nghf;fp caph;fis mUspd; Mw;wypdhy; xd;W nrur; bra;J mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu thH;tpg;gPh ;fshf/ (my;yJ) khw;w ,ayhj gpwtpf; Fzf;nfLfshy; ,iwtid kiwf;f pd;w kiwg;g[ Vw;gLk;/ me;j kiwg;iga[ k ; nghf;foj;J caph; fis cdJ mUs; ty; ygj;jhy; xd;W nrh;j; J mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu thH;tpg;gPh ;fshf Fwpg;g[ /; xUtd; kpf kpff; nfhgKilatd; vd;why; mtidg; gw;w pr; brhy;Yk;nghJ mtDila brhU:gk; bjhpahjh vd; fpnwhk;/ nfhgkhfpa Fzk; mtdJ brhU:gkhapw;W/ ek; bgUkhdhUk; rka rd;khh;f;f k; gw;wp tpsf;F k;nghJ rj; Jt Fz';fs; thr;rpahDgtkhfpr; brhU:ghDgtk; Mf n;tz;Lk; vd;g ij Ma;f/

259

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

kiwg;g pd; kwe;jd tUtpj;jh';nf mwj;bjhL bjUl;Lk; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(844)

gyntW kiwg;g[fspdhy; $Pth;fs; ,iwtid kwe;J thH;e;J bfhz;oUf;fpd;whh;fs;/ mt;t[aph;fSf;F ,iw czh;it tUtpj; J mitfis mUl; bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu mwtHp epw;F khW nrh;j; jUs;t Puhf/ Fwpg;g[ /; ,t;t[yfpy; epfGk; jPa bray;fs; midj; jpDf;F k; fhuzk; ,iwtidg; gw;wp m";rhj jPath;fns/ ,iwtDf;Fg; gae;jth;f s; jPait bra;aj; Jzpahh;/ ,iwtid kwe;J thH;gth;f s; mndfkhfj; jPa Fz';fis cilatuhfnt ,Ug;ghh;f s; vdyhk;/

vt;tif caph;fSk; ,d;g [w M';nf mt;tif bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(846)

jhtu';f s;. gwitfs;. kpUf';f s;. kdpjh;fs; midj;J $Pth;fSk; ,d;g[w ;W thH;fpd;w epiyapy; mt;t[aph;fs; midj; jpida[k; xd;W nrh;j; J mUl; bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu thH;tpg;gPh ;fshf/

flt[sh; kiwg;igf; foe;jth;f;fpd;g k; mila[wj; bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(848)

flt[is mwpabthl;lhJ kiwg;gJ vJnth mij mwpe; J mk; kiwg;igf; fz; oj;J eP f;Fgth;f;F mt;t[aph;fs; ,d;gj;i jg; g{uzkhf mila[ khW mUl;bgU";n$hjp Mz;ltnu nrh;j;j Us;tP uhf/

rj;jpfs; kiwg;igj; jtph;j;jth;f;fpd;g k; mj;J wj; bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(850)

ve;jr; rj;j pfs; ,iwtid kiwf;fpd;wdnth (jpiu tpsf;fk; fhz;f) me;jr; rj; jpfisj; jtph; j;J kiwg;ig

260

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ePf;fpath;fl;F mUl;bgU";n$hjp bjhlh; e;J mspg;gPuhf/ Fwpg;g[ /;

Mz;ltnu

,d;gj;i jj;

kz;zhir. bgz;zhir. bghd;d hir. g[fHhir Kjypa Mirfspy; VjhtJ xd;iw kpFjpahf mspj; J $Pth;fis mUs; epiyf;F tubthl;l hJ ka';fr; bra;t J rf;jp. Mjhuk;

bgh w;wk;g k; fz;nlWk;nghJ ehd; fz; l
g[Jik vd; brhy; ntdo ? mk; kh g[Jik vd; brhy; ntdo M';fh';nf rj;j pfs; Mapuk; Mapukhf te;jhh; fso ? mk;kh Mapukhapukhf te;j hh;f so/ te;J kaf;f ka';fhky; mUs; ty;ygk; bgw;nwdo ? mk;k h ty;ygk; bgw;nwdo/

rj;jh;fs; kiwg;igj; jtph;j;jth;f;fpd;g k; m j;jif bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(852)

rj;jpfs; bray; vd; why; rj; jh;fs; fhuzk; rj;jpfspdhy; ka';Fk;g or; bra;a vJ fhuznkh me; jr; rj;jh; fs; jUk; kiwg;iga[k; jtph;j ;j th;fl;F ,d;gk; xd;W nruf; fpl;L khW bra;a[k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

gilf;F k; jiyth;fs; gw;gy nfhoia milg;g [wg; gilf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(854)

kdpjh; fspy; jtk; bra;J Kjy; epiy mDgtj;i jg; bgw;W f; bfhz; lth;f ;Fg; gpUk;kh vd; W bgah;/ mth;fs; Ma[s; 4.32.000 Mz;Lfs;/ ,th;f s; rpUl;oj; bjhHpy; bra;a[k; Mw;wy; bgw; wth;f s;/ ,t;thW cs;sth; fs; vz;zpf;ifapy; gy nfho/

261

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rpUl; oj; bjhHpiy elj; Jfpd;w gy nfho gpUk;khf;fis xd;W nrur; rpUl; of;Fk; mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/

fhf;F k; jiyth;fs; fzf;fpy; gy;nfhoia (856) Mf;F wf; fhf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,uz;lhtJ mDgt epiyiag; bgw;W 8.64.000 Mz;Lfs; thHf; Toa epiy bgw; w ehuzh;fs; fhf;Fk; bjhHpiy Mw;W gth;fs;/ ,g;gog;gl;l ehuzh; fs; nfhof; fzf;fhf cs; sdh;/ mth;fs; rpwg;g[w mUl;bgU"; n$hjp Mz;ltnu fhj;jUs;fpd;wPn u/

mlf;F k; jiyth;fs; mstpyh; jk;ika[k; mlh;g ;g w mlf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(858)

K:d;whtJ mDgtj;ijg; bgw; wth;f s; Uj;jpuh;fs;/ 12.96.000 Mz;L fs; thGk; epiy bgw;wth;f s;/ Fw;w';fs; kpfhJ mtw;i w mlf;Fk; bjhHpy; elj;Jk; mstw;w jiyth;f is mlf;F k; mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; gilj;jy;. fhj;jy;. mHpj;jy; vd;W Kj;bjhHpiy Kd;ndhh; Fwpj;jdh;/ mjpy; K:d; whtJ bjhHpy; mHpj; jy;/ K:d; whtJ bjhHpiy mHpj;jy; vd;dhJ mlf;Fjy; vd;W Twpa[s;s J fUiz cs;sk;/ JhpR ePf; Ftpj;jy; vd;W

K:d;whtJ bjhHpiyj; TWtJk; ftdpf;f j;jf;fJ/

kiwf;F k; jiyth;fs; tif gy nfhoia (860) mwj;bjhL kiwf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
gilj;jy; Kjy; cs;s Ie;bjhHpy; f spy; ehd; fhtJ kiwj;j y; bjhHpyhFk; ,ij elj;Jk; ty;ygk; bgw; w kdpj njfpfis knfRuh; vd;gh;/ 17.28.000 Mz;Lfs;tiu thHf; Toath;fs;/ kiwj;jy; bjhHpy; elj;Jk; nfhof;fzf;fhd

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knfRuh; nghd;nwhiu mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /;

mwtHp

epd;W

kiwf;Fk; vd;W

kiwj;j y; vd;gijg; gf;Ftk; Twpa[s; sij nehf;Ff/

tUtpj;jy;

bjUl;L k; jiyth;fs; nrh;g y nfhoia mUl;owk; bjUl;L k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(862)

mUsy; vd;gJ Ie;j htJ bjhHpy; ,ijr; bra;nthh; rjhrpth; vdg;gLth;/ ,tuJ Ma[s; fhyk; 43.20.000 Mz;Lfs;/ bjUl;Lk; bjhHpy; elj; Jk; nfhof;f zf;f hd rjhrpt mDgtk; bgw;nwhiu mUs;Th;e;J bjUl;Lk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; mUsy; bjhHpy; tpsf;fk; bgUkhdhh; TWfpd;w hh;/ bra;t pj;j y; vd ek;

Ie;bjhHpy; Mjp bra; Ituhjpfis Ie;bjhHpy; Mjp bra; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(864)

gilj;jy;. fhj; jy;. JhpR ePf ;Ftpj;jy;. gf;Ftk; tUtpj;j y;. tpsf;fk; bra;tpj;jy; Mfpa Ie;J bjhHpy;fis ,aw;W k; Ith; fisg; gilj;Jf; fhj; J. JhpR ePf;Ftpj;J gf;Ftk; tUtpj;J tpsf;fk; bra;tpf;F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

,we;jth; vy;yhk; vGe;jpl cyfpy; mwe;jiy mspj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(866)

jUkk; vd;w brhy; njhd;w hJ nghapUe;jhy; Mjutw;w ViHfs; ,we;J nghapUg;gh;/ ,we;j th;fs; vGe;J tUk;go ,e;j cyfpy; jUkj; ijj; jiyahdjhf;fpa mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

brj;jth; vy;yhk; rphpj;jh';bfGjpwy; mj;jif fhl;oa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ve;j thH;nthnu cz; ikiaa[k ; mwpahJ brj;jth; vdg;gLfpd;w dh;/

(868)

eilg; gpzkhf mg;gog;gl; lth;f s;

263

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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cz;ikiag; gpwh; K:y khf czh;e ;J bfhs;Sk;nghJ bgU kfpH;tilth;/ bgUepiy mila Kaw;rp bra;th;/ ,e;epiyjhd; rphpj; jh'; bfGjpwy; vdg;gl;lJ/ eilg; gpzkhf thH;nthh; cz;ik czh;e ;J kfpH;nthL ey;thH;t [ bgWkhW ey; tHp fhl;oa mUl;bgU";n $hjp/

,we;jth; vGf btd;W vz;zpah';bfGg;g pl (870) mwe;J iz vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
,we;jth;fis vH ntz;Lk; vd;W khj;jpuj;j py; mth;fis vHr; bra;a[k ; Mw;w iy mUl; bgU";n $hjp/ Fwpg;g[ /; vz;zpa vdf;f Us;

,we;jhiubay;yhk; vGg;g[jy; ty;n yd; vd;W jhd; bgw;w Mw;w iyg; bgUkhdhh; tpsf;fpa[s ;shh;/

brj;jth; vGbfdr; brg;g pah'; bfGg;g pl mj;jpwy; vdf;fUs; mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(872)

brj;jth;fis vGf vdr; brhd;d t[ld; mf;fznk mth;fis vGg;gf;Toa mUs; Mw; w iy mUl;bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu vdf;F mUs;tP uhf/ (cyfpaypy; K:H; fpf; "hdj;i j mspg;gnjahFk;) fplf;F k; rhjhuz kf;fSf;F

rpj;bjyhk; ty;y jpwy; mspj;bjdf;nf mj;jd; vd;nwh';F k; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
rpj;Jf;fs; vy;yhtw;iwa[k; ,aw;w ty;y vdf;fspj;J vd; jdf; nf ,iwtd; vd mUl; bgU";n $hjp//

(874) Mw;w iy X';Fk;.

xd;wJ ,uz;lJ xd;wpdpy; ,uz;lJ (876) xd;wpDs; xd;wJ xd;bwDk; xd;nw
vy;yhtw;iwa[ k; jd;Ds; bfhz;L tpLtjhy; ,Ug;g J ,iwtd; xd;nw/ ehd; eP vdj; (Jitjkhf) ,uz;lhft[k;

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tps';FtJ/ ,uz;ow;Fk; bghJthd tprpc&;l hj;itjg; bghUSk; mJnt/ ,e;j K:d ;W epiyfspYk; xd; wpDs; xd;whf ,Ug;gJk; me;j xd;W vDk; xU guk; bghUns/ (my;yJ) xd;nw vd;W TWk;go tps';Fk; guk;bghUshdJ Mzhf tps';FtJ/ mJ Mz; bgz; vd ,uz;l hft[k ; tps';FtJ/ ,uz;Lk; jdpj; jdpahf ,y;yhky; xd; wpnyna ,uz;lhf (mh;j ;jehhp nghy;) tps';F tJ/ mJ xd;wpdpy; xd;whfnt tps';FtJ/ mJ xd;W vd;gjhfpa xnu xU guk;bghUns/ (my;yJ) xd;W = cUtkha; tps';FtJ mJ ,uz;L = mJ mUtkha; tps';F tJ mJ xd;wpdpy; ,uz;L = mJ cUtUtha; tps';FtJ mJ xd;wpDs; xd;W = mJ cUtpy; cUtha; mUtpDs; mUtha; tps';FtJ xd;W vd;W TWk;go tps';Fk; xd;whd guk;bghUs; vy;nyhh;f;F k; xd;nw/

xd;wy ,uz;ly xd;wpdpy; ,uz;ly xd; xd;wpDs; xd;wy xd;bwDk; xd;nw

(878)

,iwtd; xd;whd Mzy;y/ ,uz;lhf tps';Fk; Mz; bgz;zy; y/ xd; whfnt tps';F k; MQqk; bgz;Qqky;y. xd;W f;Fs; xd;wha; ,Ug;gJky;y/ vy; yhtw;wpDf;Fk; nkyha; xd;bwd tps';Fk; me;j xd; nw ,iwtd;/ mJ ,Jbtdr; Rl;lbthz;zhJ/ (my;yJ) Kd; thpapy; TwpathW xd;W my = cUtk; my;y ,uz;L my = mUtKk; my; y xd;wpdpy; ,uz; ly = cUtUtKk; my; y

265

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xd;wpDs; xd;wy = xd; wpDs; xd; wha; ,ize;jpUg;gJk; my;y

xd;wpdpy; xd;W s xd;wpdpy; xd;wpy xd;ww xd;wpa xd;bwDk; xd;nw
kdk; miygha;jiy tpl;L xd;Wgl; lhy; xd;whfpa ,iw mDgtk; Vw;gLk;/ Mjhuk; /;

(880) me;j

mw'; fhjy; bra; njid Mz;L bfhz; o';nf
mUl; bgU";n $hjpaha; MLk; mHfh; cw';fhj tz; zk; rpw; wk;gyk;gho cjpf;f pd;w xz; ikapy; Jjpf;f pd;w nghJ g[w';fhjy; bra;thh; nghy; bra;ahnj bgz;nz bghw;fk;gnkwpid brhh; f;fk';fg;ghy; ,w';fhnj vd;fpd;whh; vd;do mk;kh vd;if gpof; fpd; whh; vd;d oak;k h/ (jpUtUl;g h 5672) kdk; xd;W jy; Vw;gltpy;i yahdhy; ,iw mDgtKk; (Vw;gl tha;g;ng) ,y;iy/ $Ptd; xd;W ,iwtd; xd;W vd;w epiy khwp me;j xd;W vd;w brhy; mw mj; itj mDgtj; jpy; $PtDk; ,iwtDk; xd;n w vd tps';Ftjhfpa xd;bwDk; xd;nw/

fs';fk; ePj;J cyfk; fspg;g [w bka;bewp tps';f vd;D s;ns tps';F bka;g ;bghUns

(882)

ek;kplj;jpYs;s Fiwfns ekf;Ff; fs';fk;/ vy;y hf; Fiwfisa[ k; jtph; j;J cyf kf;f s; vy;y hUk; kfpH;t[l d; thH cz;ik bewp tps';Fk; bghUl;lha; vd;D s;ns tps';Fk; cz;ikg; bghUns/

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K:t pU epiyapd; KoeL Konky; Xtw tps';F k; xUik bka;g ; bghUns

(884)

K:yhjhuk;. Rthjpc;&lhdk;. kzpg{ufk;. mehfjk;. tpRj;jp. Mf;" h vd; w MW mDgt epiyfspd; bghJthd Kotpw;F nky; rj; jkpd;wp mjhtJ kfh bksdj;jpy; xUik tps';f tps';F k; cz;ikg; bghUns/

vGepiy kpirna ,d;g [Uthfp tGepiy ePf;fp ta';F bka;g ;bghUns

(886)

Md;k jhprdk;. mUs; jhprdk;. giu jhprdk;. giunahfk;. giunahf ePf; fk;. nghj xHpt[. ,d;gg;ngW Mfpa VG epiyfspd; mDgtj;j pny md;g[Utk; mUSUtk;. ,d;g[Utk; Mfpa K:t[Utpy; Koghdjhfpa ,d;g[Utk; mile; J Fw; wk; vd;w epiy eP';f p jtWfpd;w epiya[k ; ePf;fp tps';Fk; cz;i kahd bghUns/

etepiy kpirna eLt[W eLnt rpt kakhfpj; jpfH;e;j bka;g ; bghUns

(888)

tpe;J. ehjk;. gutpe;J. guehjk;. jpf;fpuhe;j k;. mjpf; fpuhe;jk;. rk;n ksdk;. Rj;j k;. mjPj k; vd;W brhy;yg;gl;l xd;g J epiyfspy; mjPj epiy eLnt milaf; Toajha;. bghJnehf;fk; cilnahh; fl;F xspaha;. v';Fk; epiwe;Js; sjha; vy;yhk; ty;yJtha; tps';F k; cz;ikg; bghUns/

Fwpg;g[ /;

bghJ vd;gjw;F "hd g{uzhfhak; vd;w rpw;riga[k; bghUe;Jk;/ eLt[W eLnt vd;gJ rpw;rigapy; milag;gLk; mDgtnk vd;gJk; rhyg; bghUe;J k;/

267

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Vfhjr epiy ahj jpdLnt Vfhjd kpir apUe;j bka;g ;bghUns

(890)

1/ kaf;fk;. 2/ Iak;. 3/ fhkk;. 4/ Fnuhjk;. 5/ J}y njfg;gw;W (,fnyhf ,r; ir). 7/ Mztk;. 8/ mHw; rp. 9/ mtpj;ij (m"; " hdk;). 10/ cyfhrhu rkahr;r hu r';fw;g tpfw;g';fs; Mfpa gj;ija[k ; fle;J gjpndhuhk; epiyahfpa gw; ww;w epiy vJnth mjd; eLnt ,Ug;gjha[k ; miljw;fhpa bgUk; bghUspd; eLnt tPw;wpUf;Fk; cz; ikg; bghUns/

jpiunahjr epiy rpt btsp eLnt tiunah jU Rf thH;f;if bka;g ;bghUns (892)
g{j epiy. fuz epiy. gpufpUjp epiy. nkhfpdp epiy. mRj;j khah epiy. mRj;j kfh khah epiy. Rj;j khah epiy. Rj;j kfh khah epiy. rh;t kfh khah epiy. Fz;lyp epiy. gpuzt epiy. ghpf; fpuR epiy. jpUtUs; epiy Mfpa gjpd; K:d;W epiyfspy; mjPjkha; tps';Fk; jpUtUs; epiyahfpa rpt btsp eLnt vy;iyaw;w Rf thH;it mspf;fty; y cz;ikg; bghUns/

<buz;z piybad ,ak;g [k; nky; epiyapy; g{uz Rfkha;g ; bghUe;J bka;g ;bghUns
<buz;z piy /; gjpdhW epiy

(894)

rhpiaapy; rhpia. rhpiaapy; fphpia. rhpiaapy; nahfk;. rhpiaapy; "hdk;. fphpiaapy; rhpia. fphpiaapy; fphpia. fphpiaapy; nahfk; fphpiaapy; "hdk; . nahfj;jpy; rhpia. nahfj;j py; fphpia. nahfj; jpy; nahfk;. nahfj;jpy; "hdk;. "hdj;j py; rhpia. "hdj;j py; fphpia. "hdj; jpy; nahfk;. "hdj;j py; "hdk; Mfpa gjpdhW epiyfl;Fk; nkyhd epiyapy; Fiwtw;w g{uz Rfe; jUtjha;g; bghUe;jp tps';Fk; cz; ikg; bghUns/

268

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(Mjhuk; /; ed;dhY'; ghl;ilf; ftdpf;f)

fle; nj

xsph;

"hd

rghgjpna

vDk;

vy;yh epiyfSk; ,ire;jh';fh';nf vy;yhkhfp ,y';F bka;g ;bghUns

(896)

vy;yh mDgt epiyfl;Fk; ntWglhjjha; cl;gl;ljhfp mt;tt;tDgt'; fs; vy;y hkhfp tps';Ffpd;w cz;ikg; bghUns/

kdhjpfs; bghUe;jh thdL thdha; mdhjp cz;ikajha; mkh;e;j bka;g ;bghUns (898)
kdk;. g[j ;jp. rpj;j k; mf'; fhuk; vDk; fUtpfs; fle;J czu khl;lhjha; cs;s xU btsp eLnt tps';F k; btspaha; Muk;gk; vd;gJk; Kot[ vd;gJk; ,y;yhj cz;ik cilajha; tps';Fk; cz;i kg; bghUns/

jhbdhU jhdha;j; jhnd jhdha; Cd; caph; tpsf;F k; xU jdpg; bghUns

(900)

jhnd jdf;F epfuha;j ; jhd; ve;j f; fyg;g [kpd;wpj; J}a;ika[ ila xd;wha; j; Jy';Ftjha; clk;iga[k ; capiua[k; vd;W k; epiybgwr; bra;tjha; tps';Fk; <L ,izaw;w xg;gw;w bghUns/

mJtpdpy; mJtha; mJnt mJtha;g ; bghJtpdpy; eof;F k; g{uzg; bghUns

(902)

mJ vdf; Twg;gLk; $lg; bghUspny mnj $lg;bghUsha;. (mtdha; mtsha; kl; Lkpd;wp) mJ vd;gJ vg;bghUnsh mg;bghUns jhdha; "hd g{uz MfhabkDk; g[Utkj;j pahfpa rpw;rigapny MLfpd;w Fiwtpy;yhj g{uzg;bghUns/

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,ay;g pDs; ,ay;gha; ,ay;ng ,ay;g ha; caYw tps';F k; xU jdpg; bghUns

(904)

xt;bthU bghUSf;Fk; Xh; ,ay;g[ cz;L ? cjhuzkhf ePh; Fsph;e;Jk; nkl;o ypUe; J gs;sj;ij nehf;fpg; gha[k; ,ay;g[ bfhz;l J/ beUg;ngh RLk; jd;ika[k; fPH pUe; J nky; nehf;Fk; ,ay;g[k; cilaJ/ ,t;thW xt;bthU bghUspd; ,ay;g[ vJnth mjDs; mjd; ,ay;gha; me;j ,ay;ng jhdha[ k; khwhJ tps'; f itj; j xg;gw;w bghUns/

mUtpDs; mUtha; mUtU mUtha; cUtpDs; tps';F k; xU guk;bghUns

(906)

,ay;g[ vd;W Kd;t hpapy; Twg;gl; lJ mUt epiy/ mUtk; vd;g J cUtkw;w J/ cjhuzkhf Rit cUtkw;w J/ Mfhak; mUtk;/ ,t;t hW mUtkhf tps';Fk; bghUspDs;ns jhDk; mUtkha[k; me; j mUtk; Mfpa cUtkw;w bghUs; jhnd Mfpa[k ; ve;j cUtj;j pDs; Sk; jhd; jdpj;Jj; njhd;W jypy;y hjthW mUtkha; tps';Fk; xU nkyhd bghUns/

myfpyhr; myfpyh r; rpj;jha; mJ epiy mJtha; cybfyhk; tps';Fk; xU jdpg; bghUns

(908)

mstw;w rpj;Jf; fs; cilajha; mjd; jd;ik vd;Wk; khWglhJ mJthfnt ,Ug;gjha; cyf KGtjpYk; tps';Ffpd;w Xh; xg;gw;w bghUns/ (Fwpg;g[ /; thdpny N:h pad; re;j pud; Kjy; g{kpapy; jhtuk; Kjy; kdpjd; tiu njhw;wk; ? ,af;fk; ? g{kpapd; RHw;rp vy;y hk; ,iwtDila mstw;w rpj;Jf;fspd; milahsk;) myF = mst[/

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bghUspDs; bghUsha;g ; bghUsJ bghUsha; (910) xUikapd; tps';F k; xUjdpg;bghUns
ehk; fhQqk; ve;jg; bghUshdhYk; mjDs; cs;s xU bghUsha;. bghUs; vd;gJ vJnth mg;bghUns jhdha;g ; gphpt[ mjhtJ ,uz;bld;gjw;w epiyapy; tps';Fk; Xh; ,izaw;w bghUns/

MLW rpj;jpfs; mWgj;J ehd;bfG nfhoa[k; tps';ff; Fyt[ bka;g ;bghUns
rpj;Jf;fis tiuaiw bra;J nfhoaha; epd; wJ/ ,ize;J tps';Fk;

(912)

tifg;gLj;jpf; fzf; fpl;Lg; bghpnahh; ghh;j ;jjpy; mJ mWE}w;W ehw;gj;njG mt;tst[ rpj; Jf;f Sk; tps';f mtw; wpny cz;i kg; bghUns/

Tl;L W rpj;jpfs; nfho gy; nfhoa[k; Ml;L w tps';F k; mUk;bgUk;bghUns

(914)

mWE}w;W ehw;gj;n jG nfhor; rpj;J f;fSf;F nkYk; miljw;Fhpa rpj;jpfs; nfhof;fzf;fhf. gy nfhof; fzf;fhf bray;ghl;oy; tps';F k; mhpa bghpa bghUns/

mwpt[W rpj;jpfs; mde;j nfhofSk; gpwptw tpsf;F k; bgUe; jdpg; bghUns

(916)

kdk; Kjyha fuz';f s; eP';f p mwpthDgtj;jpny mwpfpd;w rpj;jpfs; gy nfhof; fzf; fpy; ,Ug;gpDk; vd;Wk; gphptw;W mt;tst[ k; jd;Dns bfhz;L tps';Fk; bghpa xg;gw;w bghUns/

tPL fs; vy;yhk; tpjp bewp tps';f Mly; bra;jUSk; mUk;bgUk; bghUns
tPL = nkhl; rk;. brhh;f;f k; = ,d;gk;/

(918)

271

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

nkhl;r k; vd;W Twg;gLtJ bjhl';fp midj;J mDgt ,d;g';fSk; mtuth; iff; bfhz;L xGFk; bewpKiwf; nfw;g mst[ bra;J mJ khwhJ tps';FkhW Ml;o itf;Fk; mUshw; wy; cila mhpa bghpa bghUns/ Fwpg;g[ /; gaph;g;g[W ? fuzg; ghpRfs; gw;gy caph;j; jpus; xd;bwd ciuj;j bka;r ; rptnk

gw;W fs; vy;yhk; gjpbewp tps';f cw;wUs; Mly; bra; xUjdpg; bghUns

(920)

vy;yh MirfSk; ,iwtid miltpf;F k; bewpapnyna epw;FkhW epWj;j p vjw;Fk; nkyhdjha; tps';Fk; xg;gw;w xU jdpg; bghUns eP mUs; Mly; bra;thahf/ Fwpg;g[ /; cyfhirfis mwnt ePf; fp ,iwtid miltpf;Fk; bewpapny kdk; gw;w ntz;Lk;/

gw;ww;w hd; gw;wpidna gw; wpaply; ntz; Lk;/ gw;W fbsy; yhk; gw;wwtpl;L mUsk; gyg; gw;nw gw;W kpndh vd;Wk; ,wtPnu ,r;ir epd; nkyd;wp vdf; bfs; sst[k ; ntWbkhd;wpy; ,r;irapiy epd;d hiz vd;d Uik Iahnt

guj;jpdpw; gunk guj;jpd; nkw;gunk guj;jpDs; gunk guk; guk; gunk
cah;e;j bghUs; vJnth mjdpy; cah;e;j me;j cah;e ;j bghUSf;F nkyhd cah;e; j cah;e;j bghUspd; cs; ns tps';F k; cah;e;j nkd;ikahd bghUspd; nkd;i kaha; tps';F k; bghUns/

(922) bghUns. bghUns/ bghUns/ nkd;i kg;

,Uk;g[. brk;g[. gpj; jis. <ak;. bts;sp Mfpa bghUl;f s; cs; sd vd;w hy; fpilj; j ,g; bghUl;f spy; nkyhdJ bts;sp/ ,J guj;jpdpw;guk; ,e;j bts;spf;Fk; nkyhd bghUs; j';fk;/ ,J guj; jpd; nkw;guk;/ me;j j; 272

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j';fj; jpDs; nsa[k ; tps';FtJ guj; jpDs; guk;/ Mf nkyhdjw;Fk; nkyhdJ ? mjw;F k; nkyhdJ ? mjDs; tps';FtJ ? eLnta[k; btspnaa[k;. cs;nsa[k ; v';Fk; guk; ? guk; ? gunk/

guk;bgWk; gunk guk; jUk; gunk guk; gjk;gunk guk; rpjk;gunk

(924)

nkyhd cah;e;j bewpa[ilnahh; milfpd;w nkd;ikahd
bghUns/ cah;it. nkd;ikia kl;Lk; jUfpd;w cah;e; j bghUns/ nkyhd gjj;i j (,lj;ij) mspf;fpd; w nkd; ikahd bghUns/ vjw;Fk; nkyhdjhf tps';Fk; Mfhank ? tpz; nz ? btspna/ rpjk;guk; ? Mfhaj; jyk;/

guk; g[fH; gunk guk; gfh; gunk guk; Rf gunk guk; rpt gunk

(926)

gz;gpYk;. mwptpYk;. gf;jpapYk; cah; e;njhh; g[fH;fpd;w
nkd;ikg; bghUns/ me; bewp epd;w cah;e ;njhh; ngrpf; fspf;fpd;w nkyhd bghUns/ nghpd;g Rfk; mspf;Fk; bghpa bghUns/ nkyhd bghUns rptkhd nkd; ikahsnd/

gu';bfhs; rpw;gunk guk; bra;jw;gunk ju';bfhs; bghw;gunk jdpg; bgUk;gunk

(928)

cah; e;j bewp epd;nwhh; milfpd;w nkyhd rpw;rigg;
bghUns/ cah;e;j brayhy; jhnd cah;e; J epw;Fk; nkyhd bghUns/ cah;e;j jFjpahd juk; cilnahh; milfpd;w bghd;dk;gy thznd/ xg;gw;w bgUk;gjpahd cah;t[i lnahnd/

273

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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tuk; guh gunk tzk; guhgunk guk; guhgunk gjk; guhgunk

(930)

guk; vd;gJ rhj;jpu "hdk; mguk; vd;gJ mDgt "hdk; vt;t[apUk; mila ntz;oaJ rh!;jpu "hdKk; mDgt "hdKnk MFk;/ ,t;tpuz;L k; mHFilaJ/ ,t;tpuz;L kl;Lnk nkd; ika[i lad ? cah;e ;jd/ "hd';fs;

mila ntz;oa gjj;ij mspf;f ty; yJk; ,t;tpuz;L "hd';f ns/

rj;jpa gjnk rj;J t gjnk epj;jpa gjnk epw; Fz gjnk

(932)

vd;W k; khwhJ tps';Fk; jpUtona/(gjk; = ghjk; = jpUto) cz;ikg; bghUsha; vd;Wk; tps';F k; jpUtona/ epj;jpakha; vd;W k; mHpahJ tps';F k; jpUtona/ ve;jg; gw;W k; mw;w Fz'; fl;fg;g hw;gl; l jpUtona/

jj;J t gjnk jw;g j gjnk rpj;J Wgjnk rpw; Rf gjnk
gpuk;kh tpc;&Qq Uj;j pud; knfRud; rjhrptd; jj;Jt'; fsha; tps';Fk; gjk; jj;Jt gjk;/ jdf;Fj; gjk;/ vy;yhr; rpj; Jf;f isa[k ; rpj;Jf;fis cw; w rpj;JW gjk;/ mwpt[ rpw;Rfgjk;/ kakha; tps';Fk; elj;J tpf;Fk; J}a Rfe;jUk; jhdha; tps';Fk; jd;dpfuw;w gjk;

(934) nghd;w jw;gj gjk; gjnk

274

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Rfk; jk;g uk; gjnk jdpr; Rfk; gjnk mk;guk; gjnk mUl; guk; gjnk

(936)

jd;id tpl cah;e;j J. nkyhdJ. ntbwhd;w py;y hjjhf tps';Ftnj jk;g uk; gjk;/ xg;gw;w. Rfk; gjk;/ <L ,izaw;w Rfj;ijj; jUtnj jdpr;

mHfpa nkyhd gjnk mk; guk; gjk;/ mUns epiwe;j nkd; ika[i la gjnk mUl;guk;gjk;/

je;jpu gjnk re;jpu gjnk ke;jpu gjnk ke;jz gjnk cstpdhy; kl;L nk mwpaf; ToaJ je; jpu gjk;/
btk;ik bra;ahj Fsph;e; j jz;zKjk; mspf;Fk; gjnk re;jpu gjk;/ epiwbkhHp khe; jh; ciu bfhz;l gjnk ke;j pu gjk;/ kiw bghUsha; ,ufrpakha; cs;s gjnk ke;j z gjk;/ Fwpg;g[ /;

(938)

ke;jpuk; vd;gJ rpt. rpt. ekrpta rutzgt vd;gJ nghd; w epiwbkhHp khe;j h; brhy;/ ek; bgUkhdhh; je;jnjh kfh ke;jpuk;/ ehd;bfd Ke;JW kiw

Ie;bjd. vl;bld. Mbwd. Kiw bkhHpa[ k; ke;jpunk/

ete;jU gjnk ele;jU gjnk rpte;jU gjnk rpt rpt gjnk

(940)

g[jpanjhh; epiyia mspf;fpd;w gjk;/ (kuzkpyhg; bgU thH;t[) rpw;rigapYk;. bghw;rigapYk;. bts;bshspa[ k ; bghd;bdhspa[ '; fhl;o "hd rigapy; cs;bshspapd; miritj; jUfpd; w gjk;/ 275

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v';Fk; epiwfpd;w ty;ygKk;. vy; yhk; bra;a ty;y Mw;wYk;. mKjj;i ja[k; mspf;f ty;y nj rpte;jU gjk;/ rptj;ij mspf;f pd;w Jk; rpt gjnk/

gpukbka;f; fjpna gpuk bka;g ; gjpna gpuk eph;f; Fznk gpuk rpw;F znk
gpukk; vd;gJ ehjk;/ ;

(942)

ehj mDgtj;j pd; cz;i k mDgt epiyna/
ehj mDgtj;jpy; fhQqk; cz;i kg; guk; bghUns/ ehj mDgtj;jpy; njhd;Wk; epuhira[ i la epiyna/ ehj mDgtj;jpy; tps';Fk; ey;ywpthk; bgU'; Fznk/ Mjhuk;/ ; ehjkhk; gpukKk; (mfty; thp 600)

gpuknk gpukg; bgU epiy kpira[W k; guknk guk gje;jUk; rptnk

(944)

gpuk;kk; vd;gJ ehjk;/ gpUk;kg; bgUepiy vd;gJ ehjj;j pd; bgUepiy mjhtJ guehj epiy/ mg;guehj ep[iy eLnt njhd;Wk; ngbuhspna gukk; MFk;/ mg;ngbuhspapd; gf;Ftepiy mKjk; cz;Qqk; rpthDgtj;i jj; jUk;/ mg;go mspf;fpd;w rptnk/ guehjj; nj ngbuhsp njhd;Wk; vd;gjw; F Mjhuk; /;

<w; wwpnad; ,Ue;j pUe; jp'; fjprapg;gbjd; eP
vd;fpd;wha; ePj hd; vidtpl;nlFbjhWk; ehd; jhd; fhw;wwpahj; jPgk; nghy; ,Ue;jpLk; mj; jUzj; nj fz;l ghpbrd; g[fy;ntd; mz;l gfpuz; lk; njhw;w wpahg; bgU"; n$hjp kiy guehjj;nj njhd;w paJ M';fjdLnt njhd; wpaJ xd;wJ jhd; khw;wwpahg; bghd;b dhspnah mt;bthspf; Fs; MLk; ts; syUbshspnah <jjprapf;Fk; tifna (jpUtUl; ;gh 5767)

276

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rpt epiyapy; mKjk; fpilf;Fk; vd;g jw;F Mjhuk;/;
etepiy jUk; Xh; ey; y bjs;sKnj rpt epiy jdpny jpuz;l cs;sKnj (mfty; thp 1282) ehjk;j hd; gpukk; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ ; ehjkhk; gpukKk; ehj mz; l';fSk; Mjuk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/

(mfty; thp 600)

mtndhL mtsha; mJtha; mytha; et kh epiy kpir ez;zpa rptnk

(946)

,iwtd; Mzh. bgz;zh. mJth my;y J ,it xd;W k; my;yhjjh g[wj;jpny vt;thwhapDk; mf mDgtj;jpny xd;gjhk; mDgt epiyapny milag; bgWfpd;w rptnk/ (et epiy tpsf;fk; mfty; thp 888 fhz;f)

vk;bghUshfp vkf;fUs; g[hpa[k; brk;bghUshfpa rptnk rptnk

(948)

v';fsJ mDgtj;jpw;F cl;gl;l v'; fsJ bghUshfp epd;W v';f l;F mUs; g[hpfpd; w brk;ikahd bghUshfpa rptnk rptnk/

xU epiy ,Jnt cah;epiy vDk; xU jpUepiy nktpa rptnk rptnk

(950)

bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f;F. brtp Mfpa ,e;j phpa';fSk;. kdk;. g[j ;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa fuz'; fSk;. ml';f p mtw;iwf; fle; J mjd;n ky; njhd; Wfpd;w fhl; rpbayh'; fle;J mjd; gpwF fhzhJ fle;J tps';Fk; xU epiy vd;w mDgt epiy ? ,Jnt cah;e;j epiy vd;W czh;fpd;w xU jpUepiyapy; milfpd; w rptnk rptnk/ jpU epiy vd;gJ Kfj;jpny cs;s ,U fz;fSf;Fk; bew;wpf; fz;zpw;Fk; ,ilg;g l;l ,lnkahFk;/

277

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(mfty; thp 28d; tpsf; fk; fhz; f)

bka;itj; jHpah btW btsp eLt[W bja;tg; gjpahk; rptnk rptnk

(952)

njfj;i jg; bghd;nghyg; ghJfhj; J mHpahky; mKjk; cz;L epiyf;f itj;J fuz';fs; fle; j btW btsp vDk; kh kht[d epiy njhd;W ';fhy; mjd; eLnt bja;tkha;g ; gjpaha; tps';Ffpd;w rptnk rptnk/ clk;ig tsh; j;njd; caph; tsh;j; njd; vd; fpwJ jpUke;jpuk;/ rpw;rigapy; cz;fpd;w mKjkhdJ ,wth epiyapy; kdpjiu itf;F k; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/

fs;Sz;lhbsdg; g[ fd;w hh; fdf rig eLnt
fz;lJz;L rpw;rigapy; cz;lJ Kz; lo ehd; vs;Sz;l gy tplaj;J ,wf;F k; fs; md;nw vd;W k; ,wth epiyapy; ,Uj;J k; fs; cyfh; cs;Sz;l nghJ kaf;Fw; wpLk; fs; mynt cs;s kaf;fidj; jpida[k; xHpj;jpLk; fs; kltha; ms;Sz; l gpwUk; vid mLj;jLj;Jf; fz;lhy; mwpt[ jUk; mth;f;Fk; ,';nf ahDz;l fs;ns (jputUl;g h 5725)

g[iu jtph;j;bjdf;nf bghd; Ko N:l;or; rpuKw ehl;oa rptnk rptnk

(954)

kdjpy; vGk; Mirfis tsh;j ; jhy;. cs; nsna tsh;e;J. mij epiwntw; wpf; bfhs;tjw;F vd; bdd; d bra;ayhk; vd;w vz;z'; fs; tsh;e; J bfhz;n l tUk;/ Kothfg; gy jPi kfs; tpisa VJthfpd;wJ/ vdnt mit kdjpy; Xoa g[iu vdg;gl;lJ/ mf';f hukhfpa kjKk; nkhfKnk kdjpd; g[iuahFk;/ ,tw; iw ePf;fpg; bghw;rig mDgtj;ij vdf;fspj;J vd;D ila rpurpw;Fs; nsna ,iwtid mila[k;gog; bghUe;j itj;j rptnk rptnk/

kdjpd; g[ iu kjKk; nkhfKk; vd;gjw; F Mjhuk; /;?
278

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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kjk; g[ iu nkhfKk; kw;wt[k ; M';fh'; F mjk; bgw mlf;F k; mUl; bgU";n $hjp (mfty; thp 795)

fy;t pa[k; rhfhf; fy;t pa[k; mHpahr; bry;tKk; mspj;j rptnk rptnk
fy;tp vd;W milbkhHp VJkpd; wpf; cyfpay; thH;t pw;F Vw;w. njitahd gog;ghFk;/

(956) Twg;gl;lJ K:d;W

rhfhj; jiy. ntfhf; fhy;. nghfhg; g[ dy; vd;w bgUk; gphpt[fisf; bfhz;lJ rhfhf; fy;tp MFk;/ bghUl;b ry;tk; mHpe; J tpLk;/ mHpahJ/

mUl; bry;tnkh vd;Wk;

,itaidj; jpida[k; vdf;F mspj;j rptnk rptnk/

vdf; mUsKJ vdf;nf mspj;jUs; bewptha;j; (958) bjUSw tsh;f;F k; rptnk rptnk
rhfhky; thH itf;f pd;w ,iwtdpd; mUsKjj;ij vdf;nf mspj;J cyfpaypd; rpW bewp bry;y bthl; lhJ mUs; bewpahdJ vdf;F tha;f;F k; gor; bra;J cz; ik epiy cz; ik mDgtk; ehdila vid tsh;f; fpd;w rptnk rptnk/ mUsKjk; rhfhky; thH itf;Fk; vd; gjw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

rhfh mUsKjk; jhdUe; jp ehd; fspf;f
ehfhjpgh; N:H; eluhrh ? Vfh gtnd gund guhgund v'; fs; rptnd fjitj; jpw (jpUtUl;gh 3834)

279

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rj;bjyhkhfpa[k; jhbdhU jhdhk; rpj;bjyhk; ty;ynjhh; jpUtUl; rptnk

(960)

vy;yh cz;ikfSk; jhndahfpa[k ; jhd; xU epfuw;w xd;wha; tps';Ftjha[k; vy;yhr; rpj;Jf;fSk; ty;y njhh; jpUtUs; epiw rptnk/

v';nf fUiz ,aw;ifapy; cs;sd m';nf tps';fpa mUl;bgU";rptnk

(962)

grp. gpzp. jhfk;. ,r;i r. vspik. gak;. bfhiy Mfpa ,t;ntG Jd;g ';fshy; $Pth;f s; tUe;Jthh;fs; vd;W mwpe; jnghnj tpiue;J brd;W mtw;iw Koe;jtiu ePf;Ftnj $PtfhUz;a k;/ Md;k ,aw;iff; Fzk; ,e;j $PtfhUz;akhFk;/ fUiz. jat[. <uk;. ,uf;fk;. ghpt[. ghrk; vd;gd ahhplj; jpy; ,aw; ifahfnt. Rghtkhfnt tps';Ffpd;wnjh m'; nf md;d huJ cs;sj; jpny tps';fpa mUs; epiwe;j cah;e ;jjhfpa rptnk/

ahnu vd;dpDk; ,u';F fpd;Ah;f;F r; rPnu mspf;F k; rpjk;gu rptnk

(964)

Jd;gg;gLnthh; ahuhapDk; $hjp. kjk;. rkak;. ,dk;. bkhHp. Kjypa ve;j tpj khWghLk; fUjhJ kdk; ,u'; fp cjt[fpd;whh;fnsh mth;fl;F mUs; thH;tspf;Fk; rpjk;gu rptnk/

bgha;e; bewp midj;jpDk; g[F j;jhJ vidaUl; (966) bre;bewp brYj;jpa rpw;rigr; rptnk
mHpe; J tplf; Toa bgha;ahd cyfbewp vjdpDk; vidr; bry;ybthl;l hJ mUs; milaf; Toa brk; ikahd mUs; bewpapy; brYj; jpa rpw;r igapy; thH; rptnk/

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bfhy;yh bewpna FUtUs; bewp vdg; gy;fhy; vdf;F g; gfh;e;j bka;r; rptnk

(968)

ve;j $Ptida[ k; (jd; $Ptd; cl;gl) caph;t ij bra;ahJ. mjhtJ ve; j $PtDf;Fk; ve;j tpjj; jP';F k; bra;ahky; thH;fpd;w bewpna xU FUthdth; mUs;fpd;w bewp vdg; gyKiw vdf;F tpsf; fpa bka;r; rptnk/

capbuyhk; bghJtpd; csk;g l nehf;F f brapbuyhk; tpLbfdr; brg;g pa rptnk

(970)

vy;yh $Ptd;fisa[k; mjhtJ <. vWk;g[ Kjy; ahid tiu. Xuwpt[ Kjy; Mwwpt[ tiu cs;s midj;J caph;fisa[k; ghugl;rkpd;w p cw;w hh;. cwtpdh;. mayhh; vd;w ngjKkpd;wp vy;y htw;iwa[k; jd;Daph; nghynt vz;zp thH; f vd;W k;. vf; fhuz'; bfhz;Lk; ve; j $Ptd; kP Jk; kdf; fpnyrk; Jspa[k; bfhs;s ntz;lhk; vd;Wk; mt;thW VnjDk; ,Ue;j hy; me;j tapuj;ij (tpnuhjj;i j) tpl;L tpL vd;Wk; nghjpj; j rptnk/

gaph;g ;g [W fuzg; ghpRfs; gw;g y rptnk caph;j;jpus; xd;bwd ciuj;j bka;r; rptnk

(972)

kdpjh; fl;F kl;Lk; ,iwtdhy; jd; tpUg;gk; nghy ele;J bfhs;s Xh; mw;g Rje; juk; mspf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ/ kdk;. g[j; jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa fUtpfisf; bfhz;L kdpjd; bray;gLfpd;whd;/ mtd; bray;fspy; rpy kw;wth; fl;F ed;i k gag;gdthft[k; rpy jPik gag;gdthft[ k ; cs;sd/ ed;i k jUk; bray;f s; vy;yhk; g[z;z paf; fhhpa'; fs; vdt[k;. jPi kfs; my;yJ Jd;gk; tpistpf;Fk; bray;fs; vy; yhk; ght fhhpa';fs; vdt[k; tFj;Js; sdh;/ mtuth; Mw; wf; Toa g[z; zpa ght';fl;n fw;gg; gyid mDgtpf;Fk;go ,iwaUs; tFj; Js;s J/ cjhuzkhf Kd; gpwtpapy; gpwh; grp fz;L ,uf;fkpd;wp cztspf;f

281

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kWj;jth;f s; ,e; jg; gpwtpapy; cz;z cztpy;yhky; grpahy; tUe;jpg; gpr;i r vLf;fpwhh;f s;/ Kd; b$d;k j;jpy; jhd gpwtpapy; bry;te; jh;f shf thH;fpd;whh;fs;/ jh;k k; bra;jth;fs; ,e;jg; Mde;jkhd thH;f;i f

caph;f; Tl;lk; xd;w hdhYk; mtuth; fuz';fshfpa kdk;. g[j; jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpait vt;thW bray;gl; ldnth mitfl;F Vw;g mr; bray;fl;Fhpa ghprhf ,fnyhf thH;f;i f mspf;fgl;Ls;s J vd tpsf;fpaUspa rptnk/ ey;tpid jPtpidfl; nfw;g ,iwtd; Ml;Ltpf; fpd; whd; vd;gjw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

jPtpid ey;tpid vDk; td; fapw;why;
,e;j $Pth;f is Ml;Lfpd;w njnt ehnad; Vtpid neh;f z; klthh; ikaw;ngahy; ,lUHe;Jk; rypg;gpd;wp vd; nd ,d;Dk; ehapid vd;ghw; tUe;jpf; fuz;Lfpd;w eha;f;F eif njhd;w epd;W eaf;fpd;n wd; ehd; Mtpid tpl;L vUJ fwe;j pLthd; bry;Yk; mwptpypf;Fk; mwptpypnad; Mdthnw (jpUtUl;g h 2156)

capUs; ahk; vk;Ks; caph; ,it czh;e;nj caph; eyk; gut[f vd;W iuj;j bka;r; rptnk

(974)

vy;yh $Pth;f l;Fs;S k; ahd; ,Uf;fpnwd;/ mnj neuj;j py; vdf;Fs; nsjhd; vy;y h $PtuhrpfSk; cs; sd/ ,e;j cz; ikia czh;e;J gpw caph;fl;F ed;i kahd bray;fisna bra;thahf vd;W Twpa rptnk/ Fwpg;g[ /; gpw caph; fl;F vd;why; me; j Vd; ed; ik bra;a ntz;Lk; caphpy; ,iwtd; ,Ug;gjhy;

282

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

vd;fpwhh;/ mjdhy;jhd; gpw caph;fs; ghy; fhl;Lk; ,uf;fnk bja;tj;jpw;F Mw;Wk; bjhz;l hfpwJ/ vdnt $PtfhUz;a r; bray;f s; midj; Jk; bja;t tHpghlhf ,iw bjhz;lhf mikfpwJ/

,ay; mUs; xsp Xh; Vfnjrj;jpdhk; capbuhsp fhz;f vd;W iuj;j bka;r; rptnk

(976)

Kd; thpapy; caphpy; ,iwtd; ,Uf;fpd;whd; vd; wt[ld; me;j capiuf; fhz Koa[kh vd;w tpdh vGe;jJ nghYk; mjw;F ,';n f tpil jug;gLfpd; wJ/ caph; xsp totkhdJ/ ,iwtdpd; mUs; xspahdJ Xh; mQqtst[ ehk; fpilf;fg; bgw;nwhnkahdhy; ek;khy; capbuhspia mt;tUs; xspiaf; bfhz;L fhz Koa[ k; vd;W mUspa bka;r ; rptnk/ Fwpg;g[ /; ciueilg; tUkhW gFjpapy; ts;s yhh; Twpa[s; sJ

@ehd; Md;kh ? rpw; wQq totpdd; ? nfho Nhpag; gpufhrk; cilaJ ? ,Ug;gplk; yyhl!;j hdk; ? fhy; g';F bghd;ik Kf; fhy; g';F btz;ik fye;j epwk;/ @ capbuhsp fz;lth; ek; jpUtUl; gpufhrh; Mthh;/

mUsyhJ mQqt[k; mire;jplhjjdhy; mUs; eyk; gut[f vd;wiwe;j bka;r; rptnk (978)
mUs; Jiz ,y;yhJ Xh; mQqitf;Tl mirf;f ,ayhJ/ ,e; epiyia czh; e;J mUis miltjw;F vd;bdd;d ed;ikahd fhhpa'; fis Mw;w ,aYnkh mtw;iw mwpe;J. mr; bray; fis kl;Lnk bra;J. mUs; milthahf vd;W mUspa cz;ikr; rptnk/

283

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mUSwpd; vy;yhk; MFk; <Jz;ik mUSw KaYf vd;W mUspa rptnk

(980)

,iwaUs; bgw;nwhh;f;F Mfhj fhhpak; xd;w py;i y/ ,iwaUs; fpl;Lkhap;d ; epidj;j mj;j id fhhpa';fSk; if TLk;/ ,J rj;jpakhd thh; j;ij/ ,jid mwpe;J mUs; bgw Kaw; rp bra;thahf vd;W mUspa rptnk/ Fwpg;g[ /; vy;yhk; bray;TLk; vd; Miz mk;gyj;nj vy;y hk; ty;yhd;whisnaj; J

ed; dhY'; fle;nj xsph; "hd rghgjpna
bghd;dhU"; rigaha; mUl;g{uzg[z ;zpand vd;dhyht bjhd;Wk; cdf;fpy;iybadpDk; ve;jha; cd;dhy; thGfpd;nwd; vdf;F cz; ik ciuj;j Uns (jpUtUl;gh 4262)

mUs;bewp xd;nw bjUs; bewp kw;bwyhk; ,Us; bewp vd vdf;fpak;g pa rptnk/

(982)

bewp vd;gJ kdpjh;fs; filg;gpof;f ntz;oa bfhs;i ffSk; xGf;f ';fSkhk;/ bewp gythf ,Ue;jhYk; mUisg; bgw;W j;juf; Toa bewp vJnth mJnt cz;ikahd bewpahFk;/ kw;w bewpfbsy;yhk; ,Us; vdg;gLk; mwpahikapny bfhz;L nrh;f;Fk; vd;W vdf;Ff; Twpa rptnk/

bgwpy; mUs; bgwpy; JUk;g [nkhh; Ie;bjhHpy; g[hpa[k; (984) bjUspJ vdnt brg;g pa rptnk
,iw mUis xU JUk;g[ bgw;WtpLnkahdhy; gilj;jy; fhj;jy;. JhpR ePf;Ftpj;j y;. gf;Ftk; tUtpj;jy;. tpsf;fk; bra;t pj;j y; Mfpa Ie;J bjhHpy; fisa[ k; me;jj;

284

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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JUk;gpdhy; rptnk/

bra;a

Koa[k;

vd;gnj

cz;ik

vdf;

Twpa

mUswpt[ xd;nw mwpt[ kw;bwyhk; kUswpt[ vd;nw tFj;j bka;r;rptnk

(986)

mwpt[ vd;why; ,iw mUis mwpaf; ToaJk; mwpe; J mjidg; bgwf; ToaJ kl;Lnk/ kw;w mwpbty; yhk; bgha;ahd xd;iw cz;ikbadf; fhl;Lk; kUswpt[ vd;nw tFj;j cz;ikr; rptnk/ Mjhuk; /; rhfhj fy;tpna fy;tp/. mwpe; j mwpnt jUkwpt[ xd;nw rptk; jhd; vd

mUl;Rfk; xd;nw mUk; bgwy; bgU";Rfk; (988) kUl;Rfk; gpw vd tFj;j bka;r; rptnk
,iwaUisg; bgWtJ gpw caph;fl;F cWk; Jd;g';f isg; nghf;Ftjw;nf MFk;/ mt;thW Jd;g';fs; eP';fpa $Pth; fs; Mde;j k; milfpd;w nghJ mjidf; fz;L Mde;jpg;gnj cz;ikahd RfkhFk; ? ,d;gkhFk;/ ,e;j r; Rfk; xd;nw mUk;ghLgl;Lg; bgw; w bgU";RfkhFk;/ Mjhuk; /;

cyfpdpy; caph;fl;FWk; ,ila{bwyhk;
tpyf ePa ile; J tpyf;Ff kfpH;f Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiy bgWf cj;jkdhFf X';Ff vd;w id/ ehk; vz;Qqfpd;w kw;w Rf';fs; vy;yhk; xd;iw bka;ahf vz;Qqfpd;w kUl; Rfk; vd tFj;j cz;ikr; rptnk/ bgha;ahd cWjpahf

285

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

mUl;ngh; mJnt mUk; bgww; bgUk;ngh; ,Ul;ngwWf;F k; vd;W ,ak;g pa rptnk

(990)

ehk; mila ntz;oa bgUk; ngW mUs; xd;nw/ mJnt vspjpy; mila Koahj. bgWjw;F mhpa bgUk; ngW/ mJ xd;W jhd; mwpahik vd;w ,Uspy; nrutplhJ jLf;F k; vd;W Twpa rptnk/

Jhpanky; gubtspapny Rfelk;g[ hpa[k ;
bghpanjhh; mUl; bgU";n $hjpiag; bgWjny vitf;Fk; mhpa ngW kw;w it bayhk; vspant mwpkpd; chpa ,k;bkhHp kiw bkhHp rj; jpak; cyfPh; (jpUtUl;g h 5548)

mUs; jdp ty;ygk; mJnt vyhk; bra; bghUs; jdpr; rpj;bjdg; g[fd;w bka;r; rptnk/
(992) ,iwtd; mUs; <L ,izaw; w Mw;wy; bfhz;lJ MFk;/ me; j mUshy; Mfhj fhhpak; xd;w py;i y/ mjidf; bfhz;L vjida[k ; g[hpa Koa[k;/ rpj;Jf;fspny xg;gw;w rpj; J ,e;j mUisf; bfhz; L Mf;ff; ToaJjhd; vd;W Twpa cz; ikr; rptnk/

mUswpahh; jikawpahh; vk;ika[k; bghUswpahh; vdg; g[fd;w bka;r; rptnk

(994)

Md;kPf j; Jiwf;F tuhJ cyfpaypnyna K: H;fpf; fz;lnj fhl;rp bfhz; lnj nfhybkdt[k; mUs; vd;w hy; ,d;dJ vd; nw mwpahJ thH;e; J bfhz;oUg;nghh;. jk;ika[k ; ahh; vd;W mwpe;J bfhs;skhl;lhh;fs;. vk;ika[k ; ,iwtd; vd;W k; jhkila ntz;oa bghUs;a hnk vd;Wk; mwpe;J bfhs;s khl;lhh;fs; vd;W Twpa cz;i kr; rptnk/

286

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mUs; epiy xd;nw midj;J k; bgW epiy bghUs; epiy fhz;bfdg; g[fd;wbka;r; rptnk
(996) mUs; epiy vJnth mJ xd;Wjhd; midj;i ja[k; bgw;W j; juf; ToaJ/ mUs; epiy bgw;Wtpl; lhy; midj; jpida[k; bgw;wjhFk;/ rptkhfpa bghUs; epiya[k ; me;j mUs; epiyna/ mUs; epiyapnyna rptkhfpa bghUs; epiy fhz;f vdf; Twpa cz;ikr; rptnk/

rptnk bghUbsd;W njw;wp vd;i dr;
rpt btspf; nfWk; rpfuj;jpnyw;w pr; rptkhf; fpf; bfhz;lJ ghhPh ; ? jpUr; rpw;wk;gyj; nj jpU el n$hjp (jpUtUl;g h 4586)

rptnk bghUs; vd;W mwpthy; mwpe;njd;
(jpUtUl;g h 4958)

mUs; totJnt mHpahj; jdptot[ mUs; bgw KaYf vd;wUspa rptnk

(998)

,e;jj; J}ynjfkhdJ ehk; bfhs;Sk; xGf;fj;jpdhYk;. gf;jpapdhYk;. jtj;jpdhYk; Kj;n jf rpj;j p bgwf; TLk;/ rhfhf; fyhDgt brhU:g rpj;jpj; njf';fs; Rj;j njfk;. gpuzt njfk;. "hd njfk; vd;ghh;/ Rj;j njfk; te;Jtpl;lhny njfj; jpw;F mHptpy;iy/ ,;k; Kj; njf rpj;jpia mUs; cUtk;. md;g [Utk; . ,d;g[Utk; vd;Wk; TWthh;/ mUs; cUtk; vd;gJ Rj;j njfk;/ ,e;j mUs; totkhdJ vd;W k; vjdhYk; mHpf;f Koahj xg;gw;w totkhFk;/ vdnt mj; njfj; ij miltjw;F hpa ,iwaUisg; bgw Kaw;r p bra;thahf vd;W mUspa rptnk/

287

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mUns ek; ,ay; mUns ek; cU tothk; mUns ek; toth k; vd;w rptnk

(1000) ek;

,u';fp mUs; jUjny vk; ,ay;g[ ? mUns njhw;w k;/ mUns ek; totk; vd;W Twpa rptnk/ Fwpg;g[ /;

rptk; vd; w brhy;Yf;F ciu eilapny cs;s bghUs; vJthapDk; ,e;j mftypny ek; jpUtUl;gpufhr ts;s yhh; jUk; bghUs; rptnk mUs; vd;gjhk;/ vd; ,ay;g[ ? vd; cU ? vd; totk;/ vy; yhk; mUns vd;W rptnk Twpajhk;/ vdnt rptk; vd;gJ mUns ? mUs; vd;gJ rptnk/

mUns ek; mo mUns ek; Ko mUns ek; eLthk; vd;w rptnk
jd;Dila jpUg;ghj';f shf cs;s J mUns ?

(1002)

xU bghUis mo. eL. Ko vd;w K: d;whfg; gphpj; jhy; moa[k; mUns ? eLt[k; mUns ? Koa[k; mUns/ Mf rptk; vd;gJ mUs; ? mUs;. mUns vdf; Twpa rptnk/

mUns ek; mwpt[ mUns ek; kdk; mUns ek; Fzkhk; vd;w rptnk
mfj;j pny mwptha; ,Ug;gJk; kdkha; ek;Kila FzKk; mUns vd;W Twpa rptnk/

(1004) ,Ug;gJk;.

mUns mUns ek; gjp m Uns ek; gjk; mUns ek; ,lkhk; vd;w rptnk

(1006) ?

ehk; ,Uf;F k; Ch; ? mUs; ehk; mspf;F k; fjp mUs;/ ek;k plj; jpy; cs; sJk; mUns vd;W Twpa rptnk/

288

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mUns ek; Jiz mUns ek; bjhHpy; mUns ek; tpUg;ghk; vd;w rptnk

(1008)

ekf;Fj; Jizaha; ,Ug;gJ mUs;/ ek; Kila bjhHpYk; mUSjny/ ek;Kila tpUg;gk; vd;gJk; mUns vd;W Twpa rptnk/

mUns ek; bghUs; mUns ek; xsp mUns ehk; mwptha; vd;w rptnk

(1010)

ek;kplk; cs;s bghUs; mUs;/ ek;Kila g[f H;g ; gpufhrk; mUs;/ mUns ehk; vd;W eP bjhpe;J bfhs;thahf vd;W Twpa rptnk/

mUns ek; Fyk; mUns ek; ,dk; mUns ehk; mwptha; vd;w rptnk

(1012)

ek;Kila guk;giuahfpa Fyk; mUns ? ek;Kila ,dk; mUs;/ mUns ehk; mwpe; J bfhs;thahf vd;W Twpa rptnk/

mUns ek; Rfk; mUns ek; bgah; mUns ehk; mwptha; vd;w rptnk

(1014)

ehk; bgWk; ,d;gk;. Rfk; mUs;/ ek;Kila bgah; mUs;/ ehk; mUns vd;W mwpe; Jbfhs;thahf vd;w rptnk/

mUs; xsp mile;jid mUsKJz;lid (1016) mUs; kjp thH;f vd;wUspa rptnk/
guehj epiy mDgtj;j py; ngbuhspahfpa mUs; xspapid mile;Jtpl;lha;. rpw;r igapny rpwg;g[i lajhd kjp 289

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

kz;lyj;j Kija[k; cz;l ha;/ cd;D ila kjpapYk; mUs; epiwe; Jtpl; lJ/ vdnt ePL thH; thahf vd;W ,ak;gpa rptnk/

mUs; epiy bgw;wid mUs; tot[w;wid mUs; muR ,aw;W f vd;W mUspa rptnk(1018)
mUs; epiyiag; bgw;Wtpl;lha;/ cd; g{j totKk; mUs; totk; Mfg; bgw;wha;/ mUs; murhl; rp bra;thahf vd;W Twpa rptnk/

cs;sfj; jkh;e;J vdJ aphpdpw; fye;jUs; (1020) ts;sy; rpw;wk;g yk; tsh; rptgjpna
vJ ntz;o dhYk; ,y; iy vd;d hJ mUs;fpd;w ts;syhf vdJ rpw;w k;gyj; jpy; ,l'; b fhz;L tsh;e;J vdJ caphpy; fye;J epd;W tsh;fpd;w rptgjpna/

epfhpyh epfhpyh ,d;g epiy eL itj;bjidj; jfbthL fhf;Fk; jdpr; rptgjpna

(1022)

<nlh ,iznah TwKoahj Mde;j epiyapy; vid itj;J vdf;Fj; je;ijahfj; jhahf vy;y hkhf ,Ue;J vd;idf; fhg;ghw;W fpd;w xg;gw;w rptgjpna/

Rj;j rd;khh;f;f Rf epiy jdpy; vidr; (1024) rj;jpad; Mf;fpa jdpr; rptgjpna
,iwtd; mUs; bgw;W cyfj;jpny $Pth;fs; glf; Toa Jd;g';f s; midj;jpida[ k; ePf;FtJ jhd; cz;ikahd $Pt fhUz;ar; brayhFk;/ me; j $Pt h;fs; Jd;gk; eP;' ;fp kfpH;tnjhlika[k;/ Jd;gk; eP';f pa $Pth;f s; Jd;gk; eP';f p ,d;gkiltijg; ghh;j;J j; jhDk; Mde;jkiltnj Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiy/ ,g;gog;gl; l

290

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Rf epiyapny vd;i d vd;Wk; khw;wpa xg;gw; w rptgjpna/ Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiy/;

epj;jpa

thH;t[

bgw;wtdhf

cyfpdpy; caph;fSf;F cWkpila{bwyhk;
tpyf. eP mile;J tpyf;F f kfpH;f Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rfepiy bgWf cj;jkdhFf X';Ff vd;w id (mfty; 1592)

ItUk; fhz;lw;fUk; bgUk; bghUbsd; iftug; g[hpe;j fjp rptgjpna

(1026)

gpUk;kh. tpc&;Qq. Uj; ud;. knfRud;. rjhrptd; Mfpa ItUnk fhzKoahj mhpa bghpa bghUis (rptj;ij) ehd; mila[k ;gor; bra; j rptgjpna/

Jd;g k; bjhiyj;J mUl; n$hjpahy; epiwe;j (1028) ,d;g k; vdf;fUs; vHpw;rpt gjpna
gpwtpahfpa Jd;gj; ijj; bjhiyj; J mUs; xsp bfhz;L Fiwtpyhj Mde; jj;i j mHfhd rptgjpna vdf;f Us; g[ hpthahf.

rpj;jKk; thf;F k; bry;yhg; bgUepiy xj;J w ntw;wpa xU rptgjpna

(1030)

fuz';f spd; rpe;j idf;F k; brhy;Yf; Fk; vl;l hj xU bgU epiy mDgtj; jpy; vd;D ld; ,ize;J ehd; mDgtpf;Fk;go mk; nkdpiyf;F Vw;w pa xg;gw;w rptgjpna/ xj;j mDgtk; vJ>

291

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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jj; Jt kidj;J k; jdpj; jdp fle; njk;
jj;Jth jPj nkdpiyapy; rpj;jpay; KGJk; bjhpe;j dk; mitnky; rptepiy bjhpe;j plr; brd;nwk;

xj; j me;epiyf; fz; ahKk; vk; czh; t[k;
xU';Fwf; fiue;J nghapdk; vd;W mj;jif czh;e; njhh; tGj;j epd;n wh'; Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd; dunr (jpUtUl;g h 4623)

ifawt[ midj;J k; foe;J vidj; njw;wp (1032) itanky; itj;j kh rptgjpna
kdjpny njhd;W k; frg;ghd vz;z';f s;. mUtUg;g[ fs;. Mrhghr';fs; Kjypa midj;jpida[ k; nghf;fp vd;idj; jFjpa[ilatdhf; fp ,t;t [yfpy; cah; e; j epiyapy; thGk;go itj;j cah;e; j rpt gjpna/

,d;g [wr; rpwpnad; vz;Q qnjhW vz;Q qnjhWk; md;bghL vd; fz;QqWk; mUl;rpt gjpna (1034)
rpwpnadhfpa ehd; epidj; j nghJ epidj;j nghbjy; yhk; Mde; jkila[k;go vd; kP J kpf; f md;g[bfhz;L vd;id te;jilfpd;w mUs; epiwe;j rpt gjpna/

gpiHbayhk; bghWj;bjDs; gpw';fpa fUiz kiHbayhk; bghHpe;J tsh; rpt gjpna (1036)
ehd; bra;j Fw; w';f s; midj;jpida[k; vd;Ds; ns tps';FkhW fUizia kiHbadg; tsh;fpd;w rpt gjpna/ bghWj;J bghHpe; J

292

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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csj;jpDk; fz;z pQqk; caphpDk; vdJ Fsj;jpDk; epuk;g pa FU rpt gjpna

(1038)

vd; cs;sj;jpny epiwe; J tps'; Ffpd;wha;/ ehd; ghh;f;Fk; ghh;itapbyy;y hk; ePna njhd;Wk;go vd; fz;f spy; epiwe; Jtpl; lha;/ vd; caphpYk; ,Ug;g td; ePna/ vd;Dila "hdj;j pd; ,Ug;gplkhfpa bew;wpapYk; epuk;gp vd;D ila FUthf tps';Fk; rpt gjpna.

guKld; mguk; gfh; epiy ,it vdj; jpuKw mUspa jpUtUl; FUnt

(1040)

rh!;jpu "hdk;. mDgt "hdk; Mfpa ,uz;Lk; TWfpd;w epiy ,itjhd; vd mtw;iw ehd; mwpe;J mila[k ;go vdf;F mwptpj;J mUspa jpUtUs; FUnt/ guk; mguk; / / rh!;jpu "hdk; mDgt "hdk;

kjpepiy. ,utpapd; tsh;epiy mdypd; jpjp epiy midj;J k; bjhpj;j rw;F Unt(1042)
,lJ ehrpapy; tUk; Rthrj;i jr; re;j pu fiy vd;Wk;. tyJ ehrpapy; tUk; Rthrj;i jr; N:hpa fiy vd;Wk; TWthh;fs;/ ,lJ ehrpapy; kl;Lnk Rthrk; ele;jhy; rf;jp mjpfk; tpuakhtjhy; Ma[s ; Fiwa[k; vd;Wk; tyJ ehrpapy; ele;jhy; Ma[s; tpUj; jpahFk; vd;Wk; tpjpj;j pUf;fpwJ/ re;jpu fiyiaa[k;. Ma[s ; tsUk; N: hpa fiyiaa[k;. ek; clk;g py; njhd;Wk; jtf;fdiyr; brytHpf; fhky; vt;thW fhg;ghw;w pf; bfhs;tJ vd;Wk; vdf;F KGikahf mwptpj;j rw;FUnt/ rpUl; o jpjp ? ? gilj;jy; fhj;jy; 293

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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r';fhuk; jpjp epiy

? ?

mHpj; jy; fhj;jy;

fz epiy mtw;wpd; fUepiy midj;J k; (1044) FzKwj; bjhpj;J l; Fyt[ rw;F Unt
bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f ;F. brtp Mfpa ,e;j phpa';fs;. kdk;. g[j;j p. rpj; jk;. mf';fhuk;. cs; sk; Mfpa fuz'; fs; ,t;tpuz;L k; ,e; jphpaf; fuzj; jj; Jt';fspd; Tl; lkhFk;. mitfspd; ikakhd caph; epiyiaa[k;. ,itfspd; bjhlh;g hd kw; w vy; yhtw; wia[k ; mwptpj;J ey;y Fz';fs; vy;yhk; ehd; mila[khW bra; jha;/ ey;y Fz';fis ehd; mile; jjhy; kl;L nk. ,e; jphpa fuz'; fspd; ika epiyia vdf;Fj; bjhptpj;J. vd;D ld; kfpH;e; J cwthLk; vd;Dila cz;i kahd FUnt/

gjpepiy. gRepiy. ghrepiy vyhk; kjpa[wj; bjhpj;J s; ta';F rw;FUnt

(1046)

gjp. gR. ghrk; vd;W brhy;yg;gLk; ,iwepiy. $Ptd; epiy. $Ptd; milfpd; w ge;j ghr epiy Mfpa K: d;iwa[k ; vd; g[ j;jpapny ed;F gjpa[ k;goj; bjhptpj; J vd; cs;n s tps';Ffpd;w cz;i kahd FUnt/

gpuk ufrpak; ngrp vd;D sj;nj juKw tps';F k; rhe;j rw;F Unt

(1048)

ahUk; mwpahj gpuk ufrpaj;i j vdf;Fj; bjhptpj;J vd; cs;sj; jpny ehd; tsh;e;J gf;F t epiy mila[khW tps';Ffpd;w rhe; j epiwthd rw;F Unt/ gpukk; vd;gJ ehjk;/ ; Mjhuk;/ ; ehjkhk; gpukKk; ehj mz; l';fSk; Mjuk; tFj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ (mfty; thp 600)

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ehj mDgtk;. jtj; ij Kf;fpakhd mDgtkhFk;/

nkw;bfhz;nlhh;f;F

xU

guk ufrpak; gfh;e;bjdJsj;nj tuKw tsh;j;J ta';F rw;F Unt
gpwh; mwpaf;Tlhj xd;nw guk ufrpakhFk;/

(1050)

gpUk;kkhfpa ehjj;j pd; bgU epiy mDgtkhfpa guehj epiyapd; fz; njhd;Wtnj gukkhfpa ngbuhsp/ ,g;ngbuhspia vt;t hW mwptJ> ngbuhspiaf; fhQqk; guk ufrpaj; ij vdf;F mwptpj;J rhfh tuk; ehd; mila vd;id tsh; j;J vd; cs;sj; jpDs;ns tPw; wpUf;fpd;w rw;FUnt/

rpt ufrpabkyhk; bjhptpj;J vdf;nf et epiy fhl;oa "hd rw;F Unt

(1052)

ngbuhspiaf; fz;l epiyapy; mKjk; Cw;b wLf;Fk;/ mKjk; Cw; bwLf;F k; epiy rpt epiyahFk;/ ve;jr; rhjidia vg;goapUe;J ve;j mstpw;F Mw;w pdhy; mKjk; bgwyhnkh me;j ufrpaj;ij vdf;F mwptpj;J g[jpabjhU mDgt epiyia (kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[) mwptpj;j "hdk; epiw rw;FUnt/ Mjhuk; /;

gpuknk gpukg; bgUepiy kpira[Wk;
guknk guk gje;j Uk; rptnk (mfty; thp 944)

etepiy jUk; Xh; ey;y bjs; mKnj
rptepiy jdpny jpuz; l cs;sKnj (mfty; thp 1282)

295

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rj;jpay; midj;J k; rpj;jpay; KGJk; mj;jif bjhpj;j mUl;rpt FUnt
rf;jpfshfpa Mw;wy; vj;jid tifa[z; n lh midj; jpida[k;. rpj;jhly; tif vj;jida[ z;nlh midj; jpida[k; mwptpj;j mUs; epiw rptFUnt/

(1054) mit mit

mwpgit vy;yhk; mwptpj;J vd;D ns gpwptw tps';F k; bghpa rw;F Unt

(1056)

ehd; mwpe;J bfhs;sntz;oa midj;jpida[k ; (Fwpg;ghfj; jtk; bra;a ntz;oa Kiw) vdf;Fj; bjhptpj;J gphpbtd;gjpy;y hJ vd;Dns tPw; wpUf;Fk; bghpa rw;FUnt/ Fwpg;g[ /; gpwp ? gphp ? vJif khw;w k;/

nfl;g it bay;yhk; nfl;gpj; bjDs;ns ntl;ifapd; tps';F k; tpky rw;FUnt

(1058)

Kd;thpapy; jtk; bra;a ntz;oa Kiw mwpe;jjhfr; brhy;yg;gl;lJ/ rh!;jpu "hdk; Kjypy; ? mDgt"hdk;gpd;/ mftypy; 1039 thp bjhl'; fp 1058 tiu rh!; jpu "hdk;/ ,e;j thp mDgtk; ehjk;/ bjhl';fp tUtJ mDgt "hdk;/ Kjy; mJ ,';F vLj;J f; fhl;lg;gLfpwJ/

ehd; vijf; nfl;f ntz;Lnkh (ehj mDgtk;) mjid ehd; nfl;FkhW bra;J vd; cs;ns bgh'; fp vGk; jhgj;jpd; tpisthd kyk; eP' ;fpa rw; FUnt/ ehjj;j pd; gpd; njhd; wf; Toa fhl;rp. mKjk;. rhfh epiy nghd;w mDgt'; fs; thpirahff; Twg;gl;Ls;sd/

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mDgt thpir/; Rw;wJ kw;wt; tHp kh N:jJ vd; bwz; zhj; bjhz;l buyhk; fw;fpd;whh; gz;L kpd;W';fhzhh;/ vw; w Jk;g[ kzp kd;wpypd;g elk;g[ hpa[k ; vd;Dila Jiuna epd;dUshy; ehd; fw;wJ epd; dplj;nj gpd; nfl;l J epd; dplj;n j fz;lJ epd; dplj;nj cl;b fhz; lJ epd; dplj;n j bgw;wJ epd; dplj;nj ,d;g[w ;wJ epd; dplj;nj bghpajtk; g[hpe;njd; vd; bgw; wp mjprank/ fw;wJ nfl;lJ fz;lJ cz;lJ bgw;wJ ,d;g[w; wJ ? ? ? ? ? ? jtk; bra;fpd;w Kiw ehjk; fhl;rp mKjk; kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[ nghpd;gk;

fhz;g it vy;yhk; fhl;L tpj;bjdf;nf khz;g jk; mspj;J ta';F rw;F Unt

(1060)

fhz;git vd;gJ Md; khDgtj; jpy; mfj;n j njhd;W fpd;w fhzhf; fhl;r piaf; Fwpg;gjhFk;/ fhl;rp vd;gJ guehj epiy mDgtj;jpy; rpw;rigapy; njhd;Wk; ngbuhsp/ gpd;dh; bghw;rigf; fhl; r pahfpa bts; bshspapd; eLnt njhd;W k; bghd;bdhsp/ Kothf mg;bghd; bdhspf;Fs; MLfpd;w brt; bthsp/ ehd; fhzntz;oa fhl;Ltpj;Jr; rpwg;ghd tps';Ffpd;w rw;FUnt/ fhl;rpfisbay;yhk; gjj;ij vdf;F vdf;Ff; mspj;J

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Mjhuk;

/;

<w; wwpnad; ,Ue;j pUe; jp'; fjprapg;g bjd; eP
vd;fpd;wha; eP vid tpl;n lFbjhWk; ehd;jhd; fhw;wwpahj; jPgk; nghy; ,Ue;jpLk; mj; jUzk; fz;lghp brd;g[fy; ntd; mz; lgfpuz;lk; njhw;w wpahg; bgU"; n$hjp kiy guehjj;nj njhd;w paJ M';fjdLnt njhd; wpabjhd;W mJjhd; khw;wwpahg; bghd;b dhspnah mt;bthspf; Fs;shLk; ts;syUbshspnah <jjprapf;Fk; tifna (jpUtUl;gh 5767)

bra;g it vy;yhk; bra;tpj;J vdf;nf ca;g it aspj;bjDs; X';F rw;FUnt

(1062)

ehd; bra;a ntz;oa bray; fs; vitnah mtw; iw ehd; vd; Rje;jukw;Wj; j';fspd; ghpg{uz Rje;j uj;j hy; bra;a[khW bra;tpj;J vdf; nf. ehd; nknyh'; fp thHj; njitahdtw;iw mspj;J vd;Ds;ns X';Ffpd;w rw;FUnt/

cz;g it vy;yhk; cz;Q qtpj; bjd;D s; gz;g pdpy; tps';F k; guk rw;F Unt

(1064)

Md;khDgtj;jpy; ehd; cz; z ntz; oait vitnah g";rhKjk;. bjs;s Kjk; cl;gl midj;jpida[k; vd;id cz;zitj;J ehd; bfhz;l Fzg;gh';if mwpe;J mjdpy; tps';Fk; kpf kpf nkyhd rw;FUnt/ (Mjhuk;)

mk;i kiaf; fz;n ld; mtsUs; bfhz; nld;
mKjKKz;nldo ? mKjKKz;nldo mk;kh (jpUtUl;g h 4944)

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fdfrig eLnt fz;lJz;L rpw;rigapYz;l JKz; lo ehd; vs;Sz;l gytplaj;jpwf;Fk; fs; md;;n w vd;W k; ,wth epiyapy; ,Uj;J k; fs; cyfh; cs;Sz;l nghJ kaf;Fw;wpLk; fs; mynt cs;s kaf;fidj;j pida[ k; xHpj; jpLk; f s; kltha; ms;Sz; l gpwUk; vid mLj;jLj;Jf; fz;lhy; mwpt[ jUk; mth;f;Fk; ,';nf ahDz;l fs;ns (jpUtUl;g h 5725)

fs;Sz;lhbsdg;g[f d;whh;.

rhfhf; fy;t papd; jubkyhk; fw;gpj;J Vfhf; fug;bghUs; <e;j rw;F Unt

(1066)

rhfhj; jiy. ntfhf;f hy;. nghfhg;g[d y; vd;w K:d;W ghf';fisa[ila rhfhf; fy;tpiaa[k ; mjDila cah;ita[ k ; vyhk; vdf;Ff; fw;gpj;J (mfty; thpfs; 1039 Kjy; 1064 tiu) vd;i dtpl;L vd;Wk; gphpahj. mfyhj bghUis (mUis) vdf;F mspj;j rw;F Unt Fwpg;g[ /; rh fhj;jiy. nt fhf;fhy; ngh fhg;g[ dy; KjbyGj;ij kl;L k;

,e;j K:d;W brhw; fspy; cs;s nrh;j; jhy; rh nt ngh vd;W tUk;/

rj;jpakhk; rpt rpj;jpfs; midj;ija[k; j; bka;j;jif mspj;bjDs; tps';F rw;F Unt
(1068) vd;W k; mHpahJ epue;jukhf tps';F k; rpt midj; jpida[k; cz;i kahf vdf; F mspj;j tps';Fk; rw;F Unt/ rpj;jpfs; vd;Ds;

299

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vy;yh epiyfSk; Vw;wpr; rpj;bjyhk; ty;yhd; vd vid itj;j rw;FUnt/

(1070)

Md;khDgtj;jpd; Koe;j mDgt epiyahfpa Rj;j rpt epiy tiu 43 mDgt epiyfspy; filrp tiu vd;id Vw;wpr; rpj; jpfs; midj;jpYk; ty;ytd; vd vidj; J}f;fp itj; j rw;FUnt/ rpj;jpfs; bgWjy; ntW ? mjpy; ty;y tdhjy; ntW Mjhuk;/ ;

ve; ijiaf; fz;nld; ,lbuyhk; eP';f pndd;
rpe;ij kfpH;e; njbdd;We; jPgw rpj;jpfs; bgw;n w bdd;We; jPgw (jpUtUl;g h 4902) je;ijiaf; fz;nld; ehd; rhfhtuk; bgw;nwd; rpe;ij fspj;njbdd;We; jPgw rpj;bjyhk; ty;n ybdd;We; jPgw (jpUtUl;g h 4903) Fwpg;g[ /; mDgt epiyfs; FUtpd; flik/ midj;j pYk; Vw;wpitg;gJ

mHpahg; rPUw mUshk; njRw mHpah g; ngUw vd;idg; bgw;w ew;whna

(1072)

thHitf;f pd;w mUshfpa rPh; bgw;W. mHpahj mwpita[ k; milat[k ;. xsp clk; iga[k;. (Md;k ,d;g yhgj;ij) kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[ vd; w bgUk; ngw; iw ehd; bgwt[k; vd;i dg; bgw; bwLj; j ew;whna/

300

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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cWbfdg; bghUe;jpa mUl;bgUk;nghfnk cWbfdg ; bgUe;jathy; vidg; bgw;w ew;whna/

(1074)

,iw mUshy; ehd; bgw; w nghpd;gk; vd;Wk; mHpahjJ/ vdf;nf bghUj;j khdJ/ me; j ,d;gkhdJ vdf;nf bghUe;J k;go milthahf vd;W Mrp bfhLj;J bgU';fUiza[l d; vidg; bgw;w ey;y ew;whna/

Md;w rd;khh;f;fk;; mzp bgw vidj;jhd; (1076) <d;w Kjspj;j ,dpa ew;whna/
,iwtid milar; rhpia. fphpia. nahfk;. "hdk; mjhtJ jhrkhh;f;f k; rw;g[ j;jpukhh;f;fk;. rfkhh;f;f k;. rd;khh;f;f k; Mfpa ehd;F khh;f;f';f is Kd;ndhh; fz;L tHpg;gLj;jpdh;/ rd;k hh;f ;fk; vd;gJ kzpthrfh; jpUK:yh; Mfpnahh; fhyj;jpnyna epiy ehl; lg; gl;Ltpl;l J/ ntU:d ;wp epd;W tps';Fk; rd; khh; f;fj;ij nkYk; g[ dpjkhdjhf;f vidj;j hd; <d;W mUsKjk;; mspj; J tsh;f ;fpd;w ,dpa ey;y jhna Fwpg;g[ /; rkurk;. Rj;j k;. rj;jpak; Mfpa bewpfisr; rd;khh;f;f j;Jld; ,izj;Jr; rkur Rj;j rd;khh;f;f rj; jpa r';f k; vd;W rkurj;ij mHFgLj;j path; ts;syhnu/

grpj;jpLnjhWk; vd; ghyize; jUshy; trpj;j KjUs;g [hp tha;ik ew;whna/

(1078)

vdf;Fg; grp te; jnghbjy;yhk; vd;dUnf te;J vd;id md;g[l d; mizj;J mUsha; tps';Fk; mKjkspj; J mUs; g[hptha; vd;dUikj; jhna/

301

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jsh;e;j njhwonad; rhh;g ize;bjd;id cse;bjsptpj;j xUik ew;whna/

(1080)

vt;tsnth fhuz';fshy; kdk; mof;for; nrhh;tile;JtpLfpwJ/ mt;thW kdk; jsh;tile;j nghbjy; yhk; vd; id mile;J vd; csj;nj bjspita[k ;. Mw;wiya[k; mspj;J vd; id Cf;Ftpj; J vd;ndhL ,uz;lwf; fye;j xUika[ila ey; y md;idna/

mUsKnj Kjy; Itif mKjKk; bjUSw vdf;fUs; bry;t ew;whna/

(1082)

mUshfpa mKjk; bjhl';f p "hd mDgtj;jpy; Cwptuf; Toa Ie; Jtif mKj'; fisa[k; ehd; cz; ik epiy bgw vdf;f Us;tha; mUl; bry;t Kila ey;y md;idna/ 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/ 5/ Kjy; mKjk; ehf;F Edpapy; ,uz;lhtJ mKjk; ehf;F kj;jpapy; g[ tdhKjk; K:d;whtJ ehf;F moapy; kz;lyhKjk; ehd;fhtJ cs; ehf;fpdoapy; ufrpaKjk; cz;zhf;Ff;F nky; bksdhKjk; cz;lth;fs; vd;Wk; mHpahj

,e;j Ie;j htJ mKjk; njf rpj;jpiag; bgw;wth; fs;/

,ayKnj Kjy; vGtif mKjKk; caYw vdf;fUs; chpa ew;whna/

(1084)

,ay;ghd mKjk; bjhl';fp Kd;thpapy; Twpa Ie;J mKj'; fSld; guehj epiy mDgtj;jpy; rpw;rigapy; njhd;W k; ngbuhspf; fhl;rpa[k; mg; ngbuhspf;Fs; cjakhfpd; w bghd;bdhspf; fhl; rpa[k ; Mf VG mKj';fSk; ehd; ca;t hd; ntz;o mtw;i wj; jUtjw;Fhpa ey;y md;idna jUthahf/

302

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fhl;rp vt;thW mKjkhFk; > fs;Sz;l hbsdg; g[ fd;w hh; vd;w 5725 ghlypy; fdf rigapy; fz;l fhl; rpia mKjkhff; TWtJ fhz;f/ mKjk; thHitg;gJ/ ek;ik thHitg;g bjy;y hk; mKjk; MfpwJ/

ez;g [W k; vz;tif et tif mKjKk; gz;g [w vdf;fUs; gz;g [ilj;jhna
vz;tif mKjk; mf mKjk; mfg;g[w mKjk; g[w mKjk; g[wg;g[w mKjk; et tif mKjk; /; 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 1tJ mKjk; ehf;F Edpapy; g[tdhKjk; ehf;F kj; jpapy; kz; lyhKjk; ehf; fpdoapy; ufrpa mKjk; cs; ehf; fpdoapy; bksdhKjk; cz;zhf;fpw;Fnky; caph;fSf;f hd g[ wg;g[w mKjk; njth;fSf;f hd g[w mKjk; Ith; fl;f hd mfg;g[w mKjk; rj; jp rj;jh;fl; fhd mf mKjk; gpz;lj; jpy;(4) bjs;sKjk; Mde;jf; fz;zPh ; kdbefpH;tpy;; CWk; ckpH; ePh; tpah;it

(1086)

mz;lj;jpy;(4) = 8 fly; ePh; gdp ePh ; re;jpu xsp kiH

ed;ikna bra;a[k ; vl;L tif mKj';fisa[ k; kw;Wk; xd;gJ tif mKj';fisa[k; mitfl;F nkYKs;s kw;w mKj'; fisa[ k; ehd; gz;g[ bgWkhW gz;g[ila vd; jhna vdf;f Us;thahf/

303

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kw;W s mKj tifbayhk; vdf;nf cw;W z tspj;jUs; X';F ew;whna

(1088)

,Jtiu TwpaJnghf kPjKs;s kw;w mKj tiffisa[ k; vdf;n f cz; QqkhW mspj; J mUs; X';F ew;whna/

fyf;fKk; mr;rKk; foe;bjdJsj;nj myf;fQqk; jtph;j;jUs; md;g [ilj;jhna (1090)
kdjpny njhd;W k; FHg;gj;ija[ k; gaj;ija[k ; nghf;f p vdJsj; nj Jd;gj; ija[k ; jtph;j; J md;g[ila vd; md;idna. mUs;g[h pthahf/

Ja;g ;gpdpy; midj;J k; Rfk; bgw mspj;bjdf;F (1092) va;g ;bgyhk; jtph;j;j ,d;g [ilj;jhna
ehd; mDgtpf;Fk; vy;yh tw;wpYk; Rfk; xd;i wna mila[k hW mspj; jJld; ,Hpitj; jUk; vy; yhtw; iwa[k ; jtph;j; J vdf;nf ,d;gkspf;F k; vd;D ila md;idna/

rpj;jpfs; vy;yhk; bjspe;jpl vdf;nf rj;jpia mspj;j jat[ilj;jhna

(1094)

fUk rpj;jp. nahf rpj; jp. "hd rpj; jp Mfpa rpj;j p tiffs; ,it vdj; bjspthf mwpa[k ;go vdf;nf Mw;wiy mspj;j jat[i la md;idna/

rj;jpdp ghjk; jid mspj;J vid nky; (1096) itj;j Kjspj;j kug[ilj;jhna
mUl; rf;j papd; jpUto epiyia vy;nyhh;f;F k; cah;e; j epiyapy; vid mspj; j fUiz tothd vd; md;i dna/ vdf;F itj;J mspj; J mKjk;

304

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rj;jp rj;jh;fbsy;yhk; rhh;e;J vd njty; bra; (1098) rpj;jpia mspj;j bja;t ew;whna
fhhpa'; fs; g[h pfpd;w rj;jpfSk; mjw; Ff; fhuzkha[s ;s rj;jh; fSk; ehd; ,Lk; gzpiar; bra;af; Toa rpj;j pia mspj; j bja;tnk ey;y md;idna/

jd;dpfhpy;yhj; jiytidf; fhl;ona vd;id nknyw;wpa ,dpa ew;whna

(1100)

jdf;F <L ,iz brhy;y Koahj jiytidf; fhl;o vd;id cah;e ;j mDgt epiyf; F Vw;wpa ,dpa ey;y md;idna/

mk;i kiaf; fz;n ld; mtsUs; bfhz; nld;
mKjKk; cz;nldo ? mk;k h mKjKk; cz;nldo jh';Fk; mtsUshny eluhrh; re;epjp fz;nldo ? mk;k h re;epjp fz;nldo/ re;epjpapw; brd;W ehd; bgw; w ngwJ rhkp mwpthuo ? mk; kh rhkp mwpthuo/

btspg;gl tpUk;gpa tpisbtyhk; vdf;nf mspj;J mspj;J ,d;g [bra; md;g [ilj; jhna
(1102) jPa vz; z';fSk;. jfhj MirfSk; kdjpny njhd;w pdhYk;. mtw;i w mg;gona btspna Twpdhy; ,Hpt[ Vw;gLk; vd;gij czh;e ;J jd;id kpft[k; ey;ytuhff; fhl;of; bfhs;tnj kdpj ,ay; g[/ jhd; bgha; na brhy;tjpy;i y vd;W k;. mayhh; bghUs; kP J Mir bfhs;tjpy;i y vd;W k;. ve; jj; jtWk; kdkwpe; J

305

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bra;tjpy;iy vd;W k; ,g;goj; jhd; btspg;gilahff; TWtJ/ btspg;gilahf. tpUg;gkhf vd;b dd;d TWfpd;nwndh mtw;iwbay;y hk; vdf; nf mspj;J ,d;gKwr; bra;tha; vd; md; idna/ Fwpg;g[ /; kdjpny njhd;Wk; jPa mspj; Jtplhnj vd;gJ ntz;Ljy;/ vz;z';f is

vz; mfj;bjhL g[wj;bjd;id v";"hd;W k; (1104) fz; vdf; fhf;F k; fUiz ew;whna
kdk;. g[j ;jp. rpj;j k;. mf';f huk;. cs;sk; vDk; mfj;JWg;g[ f;fshfpa me; jf; fuz'; fisa[k;. bka;. tha;. fz;. K: f;F. brtp Mfpa g[w cWg;g[fshfpa ,e;jphpa';f isa[k ; fz;iz ,ik vt; thW fhg;ghw;Wfpd; wnjh mt;thnw vf; fhyj;Jk; fhf; fpd; w jat[ila ey;y md;idna/

,d;dUs; mKjspj;J ,wthj; jpwy;g [hpe;J (1106) vd;id tsh;j;jpLk; ,d;g [ilj; jhna
,d;gj;i j kl;Lnk mspf;fpd;w mUsKjj;ij mspj;J kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[ mila[k; Mw;w iy mspj;J vd;i d tsh;f;f pd;w ,d;g [ila vd; md;i dna/

vd; cly; vd; caph; vd; mwpbty;yhk; jd;d btd;whf;fpa jat[ilj; jhna

(1108)

vdJ Rje;juj;jpdhy; ,a';f p te;j vd; clk;g[. vd; caph;. vdJ mwpt[ Mfpa midj;i ja[k; jhd; bfhz;L jd; trkhf;f p jdjhf; fpf; bfhz;l jat[i la vdJ md; idna/

bjhpah tifahy; rpwpnad; jsh;e;jplj; jhpahJ mizj;j jat[ilj; jhna

(1110)

(vd;d elf;F k; vd;gJk; vd;d bra;a ntz;Lk; vd;gJk;) vJt[k; bjhpahj fhuzj;jhy; ahhpDk; rpwpnadhfpa

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ehd; jsh; r;rpaila[' ;fhy; jat[ila vdJ md;i dna/

jhshJ

vid

mizj;j

rpd Kjy; midj;ija[k; jPh ;j;bjid edtpDk; (1112) fdtpDk; gphpahf; fUiz ew;whna
nfhgjhgk; Kjy; vy;yhj; jPa Fz'; fisa[k; ePf ;fpf; fdtpYk; edtpYk; gphpahJ tps'; Fk; jat[ila ey;y md;idna/

J}f;fKk; nrhk;g [k; vd; Jd;g Kk; mr;rKk; (1114) Vf;fKk; ePf;fpa vd;jdpj;jhna
J}f;fKk;. nrhk;gYk;. vd;Dila Jd;gKk;. gaKk;. ,y;iyna vDk; Vf; fKk; ePf ;fpa vdJ xg;gw;w md;idna/

Jd;bgyhk; jtph;j;J ns md;bgyhk; epuk;g ,;d;bgyhk; mspj;j vd; jdpj; je;ijna (1116)
gpwtpj; Jd;gk; Kjyhf vy;yhj; Jd;g';fisa[ k; eP f;fp ,iwtd; kPJ gf;j p cs; sk; KGtJk; epuk;g. ,d;g j;ijna vdf;fspj;j vd; xg;g[ah;tw;w vdJ jdpj; je;ijna/

vy;yh ed;ika[k; vd;wdf; fspj;j vy;yhk; ty;y rpj;bjd; jdpj; je;ijna
vy;yh ed; ikfSk; vd;wdf;F mspj; J vy; yhk; rpj;jdha; tps';Fk; vd; xg;gw;w je;ijna/

(1118) ty;y

ehapw; filnad; eyk; bgwf; fhl;oa jhapw; bghpJk; jat[ilj; je;ijna

(1120)

ehapDk; filg;gl;ltdhfpa ehd; ed; ik mila[k;g o tHp fhl; oa vd;D ila jhapDk; kpf mjpfkhd jat[ ila je;ijna/

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mwptpyhg; gUtj;J mwpt[ vdf;fspj;nj gpwptpyhJ mkh;e;j nguUs; je;ijna

(1122)

mwpt[ tps';f hj rpW gpuhaj; jpnyna mwpt[ tpsf;fj;ij vdf;F mspj;Jk;. vd; id vd;Wk; tpl;Lg; gphpahJ vd;Ds;ns mkh;e;j nguUs; tha;e;j je;ijna/

g[d;dpfhpy;nyd; bghUl;otz; mile;j jd;dpfhpy;yhj; jdpg; bgUe; je;ijna

(1124)

mw;gkhd g[y;Yf;Ff; Tl xg;g[t ik brhy;y Koahj vd; bghUl;L k; ,';n f mile;j jdf; F epfhpy;y hj xg;gw;w bghpa je;ijna/

mfj;jpDk; g[wj;jpDk; mkh;e;J mUl;n$hjp rfj;jpdpy; vdf;nf je;j bka;j; je;ijna (1126)
,iwth vd; cs; sj;i j ,lkhff; bfhz;L mkh;e; jha;/ vd;dplkpUe;J g[wj;jpny btspg;gLk;. braypYk; ePna ,Uf;f pd;w ha;/ mjhtJ ehd; cd; g[fnH ngRfpd;nwd;/ cdf;Ffe;j ,uf;f khd jat[ila bray;fns bra;f pd;n wd;/ ,t;thW vd; mfj; jpYk; g[wj;j pYk; ePna ,Ue;J ,e; j cyfpy; mUl;n$hjp vdf;nf mspj; j vd; cz; ikahd je;ijna/ Fwpg;g[ /; cyfpay; je; ij cgrhuj; jhy; bgw;w ,iwtnd cz;i kahd je;i j/ je;ijna/

,izapyhf; ,izapyhf; fspg;g [w;W ,Ue;jpl vdf;nf (1128) Jizao brd;dpapy; N:l;oa je;ijna
<L ,iz ,y;y hj Mde; jk; mile;J ,Uf;F k;go cd;Dila bkd; kyh;j; Jizg; ghj';fis vd; jiyapy; N:l;oj; jpUto jPl;i r bra;j vd;Dila je;i jna/

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MjpaPwwpah mUsurhl;rpapy; je; n$hjp kh kFlk; N:l;oa je;ijna

(1130)

mUsurhl; rp vg;nghJ Muk;gpj;jJ> mjw;F vd;iwf;Fnk Kot[ fpilahnj/ mg;go Muk;g Kk; Kot[k ; ,y;yhj cd; mUs; murhl;r papy; cd; mUl; n$hjp kh kFlk; vdf;Fr; N: l;o vd;id me;j mUsurhl;r pf;F cw; wtdhf Mf;fpa je;i jna/

vl;ouz;lwptpj;J vidj; jdp Vw;wpg; gl;o kz;lgj;jpy; gjpj;j bka;j; je;ijna (1132)
vl;lhfpa mfu tpsf;fj;ija[ k; ,uz;lhfpa cfu tpsf;fj;ija[ k; vdf;Fj; bjhpag;gLj;jp vd;id ahUk; Vwpawpahj xg;gw;w nkdpiyf;F Vw; wp mwp"h; fs; rigapny epiyf; f itj;j cz;ikahd je;ijna/ @ je;i j kfw;fhw;Wk; ed;wp mitaj;J Ke;jp ,Ug;gr; bray;@ mfuk; vd;g J $Pt d; cfuk; vd;gJ guk;/ $Ptd;. guk; ,it ,uz;Lk; ek; clk;gpy; v';F cs;sd/ vt;t hW bray;gLfpd;w d vd;gij mwptnj vl;L ,uz;L mwpjy;/ (Fws;)

j';nfhy; mstJ je;J mUl;n$hjpr; br';nfhy; brYj;bjdr; brg;g pa je;ijna (1134)
Kjy;thpd; Ml; rp jkpH; ehl;o w;Fs; bry;Yk;/ gpujkhpd; Ml;rp ,e;jpah KGtJk; bry;Yk;/ Mdhy; ,iwtdpd; Ml;rp cyfk; kl;Lky;y ? mz;l ruhru';f s; KGtJk; mg;ghYk; bry;Yk;/ cdJ Ml;r p vJ tiu bry;Ynkh me; j mst[

309

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mUl; n$hjpr; br';n fhy; vdf; Twpa je;ijna/ Fwpg;g[ /; ,iwtDf;Fr; bry;fpwJ/

bfhz;L rkkhf

vd; ida[k;

Ml;r p

bra;f

ts;syhhpd;

Ml;rpa[k ; ?

(j';nfhy; mst[/ ; Ml;r p bry;Yk; tp!;jP uzk; gug;gst[ ? mtDila Ml;rp bry;yhj ,lnk ,y;i y)

jd; bghUs; midj;jpida[k; jd; murhl;rpapy; vd; bghUs; Mf;fpa vd; jdpj; je;ijna (1136)
vdf;bfd;W ,Uf;fpd;w mw;g Rje;jukhfpa $Pt Rje;juk;. nghf Rje;jpuk;. njf Rje;jpuk; Mfpa K:d;W Rje;ju';fisa[k; eP MSk;go cdf;n f rh;t Rje;jukhff; bfhLj;Jtpl;L ,Uf;fpd;w ntisapy; cd; bghUshf cs; s Mw;wy; fs; midj; jpida[k; vd; bghUshf;fpa vd;Dila xg;gw;w je;ijna/

totidj; jd; totidj;ija[k; jd; murhl;rpapy; vd; tothf;fpa vd; jdpj; je;ijna

(1138)

vd;id ,He; J ehd; cd;Dila trkhf ,Uf;fpd;w ntisapy; jd; tothfpa "hd toit vdf;Fj; je; J vd; toita[k; "hd tothf; fpa vdJ xg;g w;w je;ijna/ ,iwtd; totk; "hd njfk; vd;gjw; F Mjhuk;/ ;

n$hjp kiy nky; tPl; oy; J}a jpUtKjk;
nkjpdp?nky; ehDz;z ntz;ondd;??Xjhpa Vfh mndfh vHpw; bghJtpy; thH; "hd njfh fjitj; jpw/;

jd; rpj;jidj;ija[k; jd; rK:fj;jpdpy; vd; rpj;jhf;fpa vd; jdpj; je;ijna

(1140)

vidj; jdpahf;fp epd;dplk; xg;g ilj;J cdJ re;epjpapy; epd;w ntisapy; jdJ vy;yhr; rpj;Jf; fisa[ k ; vd;Dilajhf;f pa vdJ xg;gw;w je;i jna/ 310

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jd; trkhfpa jj;J t kidj;ija[k; vd; trkhf;fpa vd; caph;j; je;ijna

(1142)

(vd; trkhf ,Ue;J ,a'; fp te; j ,e;j phpa';fs;. fuz';f s; Kjypa jj; Jt';fs; midj; ija[k; jd; trkpy;y hky; ,Uj;j panghJ) cd; trkhf ,Uf;f pd;w vy;yhj; jj;Jt'; fisa[k ; vd; trkhf;fpa vd; caph; j ; je;ijna/

jd; ifapy; gpoj;j jdp mUl;n$hjpia vd; ifapy; bfhLj;j vd; jdpj; je;ijna
jd; ifapny (mDgt epiyia) je;ijna/ jhd; vd;

(1144)

bfhz;o Ue;j mUl; n$hjpahfpa mDgtkhf;fpa vdJ xg;gw; w

jd;ida[k; jd; mUs; rf;jpapd; toita[k; (1146) vd;ida[k; xd;bwd ,aw;wpa je;ijna
vd;idg; ghh; j;J ehDk;. vd; mUs; rf;j pa[k;. ePa[k ; ntW ntwy;y. K:d ;W k; xd; nw vd; W Twpa vd;Dila je;ijna/ Fwpg;g[ /; ,iwtd; ts; syhhplk; ehnd eP vd;W Twpajhy; ,iwtd; ntW ts;syhh; ntW my;y/ ts;syhnu ,iwtdhf tps';Ffpwhh;/

jd; ,ay; vd; ,ay; jd; bray; vd; bray; (1148) vd;d ,aw;wpa vd; jdpj; je;ijna
jd;Dila ,ay;ghd jd;i k vJnth mJnt cd;DilaJ vd;W k; jd;Dila bray; vy;yhk; cd;Dila brany vd;W k; vd;d plk; Twpa vdJ xg;gw;w je;ijna/

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jd; cU vd; cU jd; ciu vd; ciu vd;d ,aw;wpa vd; jdpj; je;ijna

(1150)

jd; cUtk;jhd; vd; cUtk; vd; Wk;. jd;Dila thf;F vd; Dila thf;nf vd;Wk; vd;dplk; Twpa vdJ xg;gw;w je;ijna/

ehDiuf;Fk; thh; j;ijbayhk; ehafd; jd; thh;j;i j
ek;g[kpndh eku';fhs; ew; wUzk; ,Jnt thDiuj; j kzpkd;w py; elk;g [hp vk;bgUkhd; tubtjph; bfhz;ltdUshy; tu';fbsyhk; bgwnt njDiuf;Fk; cskpdpf;f vGfpd;n wd; ePtph; bjhpe; jile;bjd;Dld; vGkpd; rpj; jp bgwyhFk; VDiuj; njd; ,uf; fj;j hy; vLj;J iuj; njd; fz; O h; ahdila[k ; Rfj;jpid ePh; jhdiljy; Fwpj;n j (jpUtUl;g h 5594) Fwpg;g[ /; ts;syhh; thf;bfy;yhk; ,iwtd; thf;n f/

rJug; nguUs; jdpg;bgUe; jiytd; vd;W (1152) vjpuw;W X';fpa vd;D ilj; je;ijna
rhkh;j ;jpak; epiwe;jtd;/ vjida[k ; tpntfj; Jld; rhpahfr; bray;gLj;j ty;ytd;/ nguUs; epiwe;jtd;/ xg;gw;w bgUe;j iytd;/ jdf;F epfuhft[k; vjpuhft[k ; ahUk; ,y;iy vd tps';Fgtd;/ ,t;thbwy;yhk; rpwe;J X'; fpa vd;Dila je;i jna/

kd thf;fwpah tiug;gpdpy; vdf;nf ,d thf;fUspa vd; caph;j; je;ijna

(1154)

kdjpny vGk; vz; z';fSk; brhy;Yk; mwpa KoahJ epw;fpd;w khkt[d mDgtj;jpy; vdf;F g; gpuztg; bghUshfpa X';fhu tpsf; fk; mUspa vd; capuha; tps';Fk; vd; je;ijna/

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,dthf;F ,iwtd; mUspdhd;/ ;

jdpj;jiyth; tUfpd;w jUzkpJ njhHp
jdpf;f vidtpL ePa[k; jdpj;bjhUghy; ,Uj;jp ,dpj;j Ritj; jpus; fye; j jpUthh; j; ij ePa[ k; ,d;g[wf; nfl;Ls';fspg;gha; ,JrhYk; epdf;n f kdpj;j h;fnsh thdtnuh kyuandh khnyh kw;iwanuh vd; g[ fy;ntd; knfRuh;MjpaUk; jdpj;j xU jpUthh;j ;ij nfl;gjw;nf nfhoj; jtk; bra;J epw;f pd;w hh; et";b ra;j epyj;nj (jpUtUl;g h 5731)

bgUepiy czh;e;J czh;e;J czhpDk; czuhg; bgUepiy (1156) mize;jpl vdf;nf mUspa je;ijna
bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f ;F. brtp Mfpa ,e;jphpa';f shYk;. kdk;. g[j ;jp. rpj; jk;. mf'; fhuk; Mfpa fuz'; fshYk; vt;tst[jhd; czh; e;jhYk; czh;tjw;F mhpjhfpa xU bgUepiy mDgtkhfpa khbksd epiyia ehd; mile;jpl mUspa vdJ je;i jna/

Jhpa thH;t [lnd Rf g{uzbkDk; bghpa thH;tspj;j bgUe;jdpj; je;ijna (1158)
rhf;uj;. brhg;d k;. RGj;j p. Jhpak; vd;w ehd;F epiyfspy; Jhpa epiy mDgtj;j py; bgWfpd;w ey;t hH;t[ k;. Fiwt[glhJ tps';Ffpd;w g{uz Rfbkd;f pd;w bghpa thH;ita[k ; vdf;fspj;j bghpa xg;gw;w je;ijna/

<wpyhg; gj';fs; ahita['; fle;j ngwspj; jhz;l bgUe;jifj; je;ijna
Kot[ vd;gjpy;y hj gj';f s; bghpanjhh; ngwhfpa mUl;n $hjpia bgUe;jifna vd; je;ijna/ vy;yhtw;iwa[k ; mspj; J vid

(1160) fle;j Mz; l

313

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mUl; n$hjpiag; bgWjny ngW vd;gjw; F Mjhuk;/ ;?

Jhpanky; gubtspapny Rf elk; g[hpa[k;
bghpanjhh; mUl; n$hjpiag; bgWjny vitf;Fk; mhpa ngW kw;w it bayhk; vspant mwpkpd; chpa ,k;bkhHp kiwbkhHp/ rj;jpak; cyfPh;/ (jpUtUl;g h 5548)

vt;tifj; jpwj;jpDk; va;J jw;fhpjhk; mt;tif epiy vdf;fspj;j ew;we;ijna (1162)
ve;jtpj Mw;wy; kpf;f brayhYk; mila Koahjnjhh; mhpa mDgtj;ij. bgU epiyia vdf;fspj;j ey;y je;ijna/

fw;g';fs; gy nfhor; bry;yj; jPa

fdypd; eL Crpapd;nky; fhiy Cd;wpg; bghw;gw bka;a[ztpd;w p cwf;fkpd;w p g[y h;e;J vYk;g[ g[ yg;gl Ik;bghwpia Xk;gp epw;gth; f;F xspj; J. kiwf;F xspj;J. nahf eP z; Kdpth; f;bfhspj;J mkuh;f; bfhspj;Jr; rpw;guj;jpy; rpd; kakha; epiwe;j "hdj; jpUthsh; cl;fye;j njt njnt/

mstpwe;j beL';f hyk;. rpj; jh; nahfh;
mwp"h; kyuad; Kjnyhh; mde;j ntjk; fstpwe; Jk; fuzhjpapwe;Jk; bra;a['; fLe;jtj; Jk; fhz;g hpjh'; flt[shfp cstpwe; j vk;nghy;thh; cs;s j;jpDs;ns CWfpd;w bjs; sKj Cwyhfpg; gpstpwe; j gpz; lhz; l KGJk; jhdha;g; gpw';Ffpd;w bgU';f Uizg; bghpa njnt ve;jj; jtk; bra; Jk; mila Koahj xd;iw ts;syhh; mile; jhh;/

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vt;tifj;j hk; jtk; bra;apDk; va;jhpjhk; bja;tk;
vdf;bfspjpy; fpilj;bjd;kdk; ,l';b fhz;l bja;tk; mt;tifj; jhk; bja;tk; mjw;fg;ghyhk; bja;t k; mg;ghYk; bgUbtspf; nf mg;ghyhk; bja;tk; xt;tfj;n j xspahfp X';F fpd; w bja;t k; xd;whd bja;t k; kpf ed;whd bja;tk; brt;tifj;bjd;wwp"buyhk; nrh; bghpa bja;tk; rpw;rigapy; tps';F fpd;w bja;t knj bja;tk; (jpUtUl;g h 3912)

,dpg; gpwth bewp vdf;fspj; jUspa jdpg; bgUe; jiyikj; je;ijna je;ijna

(1164)

nkYk; gpwtp vLf;fhj epiyapy; vd; id thH;tpf;F k; bewp xd;w pid vdf;F mspj;J mUs;g[hpe;j xg;gw;w vr; rkaj; njth;f;Fk; jiyik g{z;blhGFk; je; ijna je;ijna/ tpsf;fk;/ ; ,we;jhy; kPz;Lk; tpidf;; nfw;gg; gpwtp te; nj jPUk;/ cly; kha;e ;jhy; gpwtp cz;L/ mJt[k ; ve;jg; gpwtp tha;f;Fnkh> Mjhuk;/

eaj; jhy; cdJ jpUtUis ez;z hf; bfhonad; eha[lk; ig
caj;jhd; itnad; koj;j pLntd; koj; jhy; gpd;dh; cyfj;n j taj;jhy; ve; j clk;g[ cWnkh vd;d tUnkh vd;fpd;w gaj;jhiynah ,t;t[lk;igr; Rkf; fpd; n wbdk; gu";R lnu/ (jpUtUl;g h 3336) ,we;jhy; kPz;L k; gpwtp te;n j jPUk; vd;gJ Fwpg;gplj; jf;f J/ vdnt kPz;Lk; gpwthikf;F tHp ,wthikna/ gpwthbewp vd;gJ ,wth bewp/ ,wth bewp vd;gJ vJ>

MLfpd;w nrtof;nf Mshndd; khshj ahf;i f bgw;nwd;
TLfpd;w rd; khh; f;f r';f j;nj eLtpUe;J Fyht[fpd;nwd; ghLfpd;n wd; ve;i jgpuhd; gjg; g[ fiH md;gpbdhLk; ghog;gho ePLfpd; ; nwd; ,d;gf; Tj;j hLfpd;nwd; vz;;zbkyhk; epuk;gpndnd (jpUtUl;g h 5445)

315

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g[Utkj; jp ehl;l nk ,wthbewp Mjhuk;/ ; thLjy; ePf; fpa kzp kd;wpilna MLjy; ty;y mUl; bgU"; n$hjp (mfty; thp 102) (1166)

gw;wah;e;j";rpa ghpt[ fz;lize;bjidr; rw;W k; m";nry; vdj; jh';fpa Jizna

ahd; vdJ vd;w Mztj;j hYk; mf'; fhuj;j hYk; tPL. kidtp/. kf;f s; bry;tk; nghd;w gytpjkhd Mirfshy; miye; J miye; J jsh;r;r paile;njd; / vd;Dila ghpjhg epiy fz;L vd;kP J ,uf;fk; bfhz; L vd;id mizj;J r; rpwpJk; gag;glhnj vd;W vdf;F Mjutspj;j vd;Dila Jizna/

jsh;e;j mj;jUzk; vd; jsh;btyhk; jtph;j;J cl; J izna fpsh;e;jpl vdf;F f; fpilj;j bka;j;Jizna (1168)
vdf;Fr; nrhh;t[ vg; nghJ Vw;gl;lnjh mg;nghnj me;jr; nrhh;t[ KGJk; ePf;f p vd; cs; skhdJ cw;r hfj; jpy; bgh';Fk;go vdf;Ff; fpilj;j vdJ cz;ikahd Jizna/

JiwapJ. tHpapJ. JzptpJ eP bra[k; KiwapJ vdnt bkhHpe;;j bka;j; Jizna

(1170)

nruntz; oa ,lkhfpa jpUr;rpw;wk;g yk; ,J vdf; fhl;o. m';F bry;Yk; tHp ,J vdt[k; fhl; o. mt;tHp bry;tjw;Fhpa Cf;f Kk;. tplh Kaw;rpa[k; je;J eP bray;gl ntz;oa bewp Kiw ,J vdt[k ; vdf;F mwptpj;j vdJ cz;ikahd Jizna/ tpsf;fk; /; nrhplk; /; jpUr; rpw; wk;gyk;/

rPh plk; bgWnkhh; jpUr;rpw;wk;gyj; njjpfH;
jdpj; je;i jna epd;ghy; nrhplkwpe; nj nrh;e ;jdd; fUiz bra;jUs; bra;jplj; jhH;f ;fpy; ahhplk; g[Fntd; ahh; Jiz vd; ngd; ahh;f;b fLj;b jd; Fiw ,irg;ngd; nghhplKoahjpdpj; JabuhL ehd; bghWf;fnyd; mUs; f ,g;nghnj 316

(3842)

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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v';F W jPika[k; vidj; bjhluhtif f';F Yk; gfYk; bka;f; fhty; bra; Jizna (1172)
ve;j ,lj;jpypUe;Jk; jP';F tu nehplyhk;/ me;jj; jPikahdJ vid milahtz; zk; ,ut[k; gfYk; rw;Wk; mauhJ rj;jpakhf vd;idf; fhf;fpd;w vd;Dila Jizna/

ntz;oa ntz;oa tpUg;bgyhk; vdf;nf caph; <z;oUe;;jUs;g [h p vd; caph;j; Jizna
ntz;oa ntz;oa /; /; njitg;gLfpd;w gpuhh;j ;jid bra; j

(1174)

vd;Dila njitfs; vd ehd; Mirfis epiwntw;wpj;jUk;go ntz;Lfpd;; nwd;/ vd;Dila vy;yh tpUg;g';fisa[k; epiwntw;wpa[k; vd; mUfpnynaapUe;Jk; vdf;nf mUs; g[ hpthahf vd; caph;j; Jizna/

,fj;jpDk; guj;jpDk; vdf;fplh; rhuhJ mfj;jpDk; g[wj;jpDk; mkh;e ;j bka;j ; Jizna
cyfpay; thH;t pYk;. mUspay; thH; tpYk; Jd;gk; Vw;glhjthW vdf;F cs; Sk; g[wKk; fhg;ghw;W fpd;w cz;i kahd Jizna/

(1176) vdf;Fj; mkh;e;J

mah;tw vdf;nf mUs; Jizahfp vd; xUik caphpDk; rpwe;j xUik vd; el;ng

(1178)

nrhh;thdJ mw;W g;nghFk;go vdf;nf mUs; Jizahf eP ,Ue;J vd; caphpDk; nkyhf vd;D ld; ngjkw;Wf; fye;j vd;Dila el;ng/ tpsf;fk;/ ; nrhh;t [ vd;gJ mah;t[. mjhtJ ntz;oa xd;W vt;tst[. Kaw; rp bra; Jk; fpl;l hJ nghapd; Vw;gLfpd;w jsh;t[. ,iwtid mile;jth; f;F ,y;yhik vd;gnj ,y; yhjjhy; nrhh; t[ ,y; iy vd;whh;/ Mjhuk; 317

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vy; yhKk; bra;aty;y jdpj; jiyth; bghJtpy; ,Ue;J
elk;g[h pfpd;w mUk; bgUk; nrhjpapdhh; ey;yha; ed;d hl;l hh;f s; vy;yhUk; mwpa ez;zp vid kzk; g[hpe;j hh; g[ z;zpadhh; mjdhy; ,y;yhik vdf; fpy; iy vy;y hh;f ;Fk; jUntd; vd;Dila bgU";bry;tk; vd;g[ fy;ntd; mk;k h bry;yhj mz;lkl;nlh mg;g [wj; jg;ghYk; rpt"hdg; bgU";bry;tk; rpwg;g J fz; lwpna (jpUtUl;g h 5740)

md;g pdpy; fye;J vdJ mwptpdpy; gapd;nw (1180) ,d;g pdpy; mise;j vd; ,d;D aph; el;ng
ehd; cd; kP J bfhz; l gf;jpg; bgUf;fpy; vd;Dld; fye;jha;. vdJ mwptpdpy; mkh; e;jha; ? vd;id vg;nghJk; ,d;g bts;sj; jpd; eLntna itj;jpUe;jha;/ ,t;tst[k ; bra;j vd; ,d;Daph; el;ng/ tpsf;fk;/ ; gpw caph;fs; kPJ ehk; fhl;Lk; ,uf;fj;ij. jat[. fUiz. ghpt[. ghrk;. ,uf;fk;. <uk; vd;W Fwpg;gpLk; ts;sw; bgUe;j if ,iwtd; kPJ ehk; bfhs;Sk; gf;jpia kl;Lnk md;g[ vd;fpd;whh;/ Mjhuk; /;

@vt;tifg; gpuahrj;j pdhyhtJ me;j mUis mila ntz;Lk;/ me;j mUs; vt;tifahy; tUk; vd;w hy; ? vy;yh caph;fsplj; jpYk; jat[ k;. gpug";rj;j py; btWg;g[k;. rptj;jpdplj;jpy; md;g[k ; khwhJ ek; kplj;jpUe;j hy; mt;tUs; ek;ik mila[k; @ (jpUKfk; 3 ? ciueilg;gFjp gf; 365)

ehd; g[h ptd btyhk; jhd; g[h pe;bjdf;nf thd; gjkspf;f tha;j;j ed;dl;ng

(1182)

ehd; Mw;w ntz; oa bray;fisbay;y hk; jhnd bra;J vdf;nf btspnahL cwthLfpd; w nkyhd gjj;ij. epiyia mspg;gjw;f hf vdf;Ff; fpilj;j ey;y el;ng/ 318

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tpsf;fk;/ ;

xGf;f';fspy; gapd;w Jk;. $P tfhUz;a k; fhl;oaJk; jtk; ,aw;wpaJk; ek; ts;sw; bgUe;jifna/ MdhYk; jdJ Rje; jpu';f shfpa $Pt Rje; juk;. njf Rje;jpuk;. nghf Rje;jpuk; Mfpa K:d;i wa[k; ,iwtdplj;nj xg;g[tpj;J jdf;bfd xd;Wk; ,y; iybad thH;e ; jjhy; mth; bra;jbjy;yhk; ,iwtd; bra; jjhapw;W/

cs;sKk; czh;r;rpa[k; capUk; fye;J bfhz;L (1184) vs;S W bea;apy; vd; cs;S W el;ng
cs;sj; jpYk;. vd;D ila vy;yh ,d;g Jd;g czh;t[f spYk;. vd; caphpYk; fye; J bfhz;L vs;spDs;ns vt;thW bea;ahdJ KGikahf epuk;g p ,Ue;J k; ,y;yhjJ nghy; ,Uf;fpd;wnjh mt;thW vd; cs;ns ehdile;j vd;Dila el;ng/

brw;wKk; jPika[k; jPh ;j;J ehd; bra;j Fw;wKk; Fzkhf; bfhz;l vd; el;ng

(1186)

vdf;F neuf;Toa jP';f pida[ k;. Jd; gj;ija[k ; ePf; fp ehd; bra;j Fw;w ';fisbay;y hk; kd;dpj;Jf; Fzkhff; bfhz;L tps';F k; vd;Dila el; ng tpsf;fk;/ ; Fw;wbkyhk; bghUs;/ Fzkhff; bfhz;L vd;gjw;Fg;

ehk; Fw;wk; bra; fpnwhk;. mit Fw;we; jhd;/ ,iwtndh Fw; wk; g[hpjy; kdpj ,ay;g[ vd;gij ed;F mwpe; jtd;/ Fw;w k; g[hpe;Jtpl;lhnd vd vz;z hJ Fw;w k; g[hpjy; kdpj Fzk; vdf; Fzkhff; bfhz;L kd;dpf;; fpwhd;/

Fz';F wp Kjypa Fwpj;jplhJ vidna (1188) mz';fwf; fye;j md;g [il el;ng/
vd;Dila Fzk; vg;gog;gl; lJ>

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vd;Dila thH;f; if yl;rpak; mjhtJ Fwpf;n fhs; vJ> vd;gdtw; iwf; ftdpahJ vd;idg; gphpahJ vidf; fye;j vd; md;g[i l el;ng/ tpsf;fk;/ ; vd;Dila Fznkh jPa Fz'; fns ? vd;Dila yl;rpankh cyfhaj Mirfis miltJjhd;/ ,tw;iw ,iwtd; ftdpj;jhy; ek;ik milthdh> mtd; bgU';f Uiz ek;Kila Fw;w';f isf; ftdpahJ mUs;tnj vd;W tpsf;Ffpd;whh;/

g[ gpzf;F k; ngjKk; nga[ynfhh; g [fy; fzf;F k; jPh ;j;bjidf; fye;j ed;dl;ng (1190)
ClYk;. mgpg; uha ngjKk;. cyfhajj;jhh; iftplhJ itj;Js; s bfhLf;fy;. th';fy; Mfpa bghUshjhuf; fzf;F ,tw;iwbay;y hk; nghf;f p vidf; fye; j ey;y el;ng/

rtiy be";rfj;jpd; jsh;r;rpa[k; mr;rKk; jidf; ftiya[k; jtph;j;bjidf; fye;j ed;el;ng (1192)
ftiy nghd;wtw;why; ,isj;j be";r pDila nrhh;t [k ; gaKk; ftiya[k; nghf;fp vidf; fye;J bfhz;l ey; y el;ng/

fisg;; gwpe;bjLj;J f; fyf;fk; jtph;j;bjdf;F ,isg; gwpe;J cjtpa vd; caph; cwnt (1194)
VnjDk; jilapdhy; ehd; nrhh;t [ mile;jhy; mij mwpe; J vid me;j j; jilapdpd;Wk; tpyf;fpf; fyf;fj;ijg; nghf;fp vdf;F ,isg;g[ (bjhlh;e ;J Kd;ndw Koahj epiy) Vw;gl;l nghJk; mija[k; mwpe;J cjtpa vd; caph;f ;Fapuhk; cwnt/

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jd;idj; jGt[W ju";rpwpjwpah vd;idj; jGtpa vd; caph; cwnt/
cd;idj; jGtp mize;J milaf; Toa nahf;aijnah bfh"; rKk; mwpe;J bfhs;s hJ vd;idj; jGtpf;b fhz; l vd; caphpd; cwnt/

(1196) gf;Ftnkh ,Uf;Fk;.

kdf;F iw ePf;fp ey;thH;tspj;J vd;W k; vdf;F cwthfpa vd; caph; cwnt

(1198)

vd; kdjpny ,Ue;j Fiwfis mjhtJ Vf;f'; fisg; nghf; fp ey;y Rfkhd thH;ita[k; mspj;J vdf;F vd;W k; cwthf tps';Ffpd;w vd; caph; cwnt/

Jd;D k; mdhjpna NH;e;bjidg; gphpahJ vd; cwthfpa vd; caph; cwnt/

(1200)

vd;iwf;Fk; Kot[ vd;g nj ,y; yhJ vd; cs;Sk; g[wKk; NH;e;J vidg; gphpahJ vd; cwthf tps';F fpd; w vd; capuhd cwnt/

Xh; vd;W k; Xh; epiyaha; vd;W k; Xh; ,ayha; (1202) vd;W k; cs;sJthk; vd; jdpr; rj;nj/
ve;jf; fhyj;Jk; khWglhj xnu epiya[k ;. xnu jd;ika[ k; bfhz;L tps';Ftjha; vd;b wd;Dk; mHpbtd;gjpy;yhJ vd;W k; cs; sJthd vd;Dila xg;gw; w <L brhy;y Koahj rj;n j/

Fwpg;g[ /;

rj;J. rpj; J. Mde;j k; xd; W nrur; rr;rpjhde; jk; Mapw;W/ ,t;thpfspy; Kjyhtjhd rj;Jk;. gpd;thpfspy; rpj;Jk; Mde;jKk; tpsf;fg;gLtJ fhz;f/

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midj;J y fitfSk; M';fh';FzhpDk; (1204) ,idj;bjd mwpah vd; jdpr; rj;nj/
vy;yh ctfj;jpYk; cs;s vy;y h $Pth; fSk; M';fh';nf czh;e; Jk; ,g;gog;gl;ltd; eP vdj;Jspf;Tl cd; id czuKoahJ tps';Fk; vd;D ila xg;g [ ah;tw;w rj;n j/ tpsf;fk;/ ; ,e;j cyfpy; M';fh';nf ,e; jpahtpy; kl;Lkpd; wp nky; ehLfspYk; mUshsh;fs; njhd;wp ,iwtidawpa Kw;gl;oUf;fpwhh;f s;/ ,ijj; jhd; M';f h';FzhpDk; vd; w brhw;b whlh; Fwpf;fpd;wJ/ mt;thW czuKw;gl;l mUshsh;fs; n;jhw; wpaJjhd; rka';fSk; kj';fSk; / ,jd; tpisthfg; gy;yhapuf; fzf; fhd rka kj';f s; njhd;w pdnt jtpu ahuhYk; ,iwtid ,j;jd; ikad; vd mwpa Koatpy; i y vd;gJ fUj;J/

bghJkiw KofSk; g[fyit KofSk; ,J vdw; fhpjhk; vd; jdpr; rj;nj

(1206)

vy;yhh;f;Fk; bghJtha; tps';F k; ntj';fs; fhl;L k; Kog[fSk;. mitfs; To tiuaiw bra;a[ k; Kog[fspYk; Tl ,Jjhd; ,iwtd; vd;W TWjw;F mhpajhd vd; xg;g[ah;tw; w rj;n;j/ Fwpg;g[/ ; M';fh';Fs;s mUshsh; fs; ,iwtid mwpa Kw;gl;L mth;fs; mwptpy; vGe;j vz;z';f spd; tphpnt mt;tr; rka kj'; fspd; ntj E}yhf tps';fpaJ/ mUshsh; fshy; njhw;wg;gl;l ntj';fshfpa E}y;fS'; Tl ,iwtidg; gw;wpf; TWtjw;F mhpjha; cs;s jhk;. me;j cz;ikg; bghUs;/

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Mfk KofSk; mit g[fy; KofSk; VFjw; fhpjhk; vd; jdpr; rj;nj

(1208)

Mfk';f s; TWfpd; w Kot[fSk; mitfspd; tpist[fshd nkdpiyfSk; mila Koahj epiyapy; tps';Ffpd;w vd;Dila xg;gw;w jdpj; jd;ikahd rj;nj/ rj;J vd;gJ cz;i k/

rj;jpak; rj;jpak; rj;jpak; vdnt ,j;jif tGj;J k; vd; jdpr; rj;nj
rj;jpak; vd;gJ Kiw Twg;gl;Ls; sJ/ cz;i k/ me;j thh;j;i j

(1210) K:d;W

cz;ikahdJ. xt;bthUtUila kdjpYk; thf; fpYk; braypYk; btspg;gl ntz;Lk;/ ,ijg; gw;wpna cz;ik. tha;ik. bka;k;i k vd tH'; fg;gl;lJ/ cs;n s ,Ue;J tu ntz;oanj cs; bka;. cz;ik/ thf; fpdhy; tUtJ tha;b ka; tha;ik/ brayhy; clk;g pny tUtJ bka;b ka; mjhtJ bka;ik/ bgha; fye;j cs;sj;jpy; ,iwtd; tu khl;l hd;/ vdnt xt;bthUtUila kdjpYk;. brhy;y pYk; braypYk; rj;jpank tps';f ntz;Lk;/ mt;t hW epd;nwhh; thH;j ;Jfpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rj;nj/ Fwpg;g[/ ; bgha; te; j cs;sj; jpy; nghfhz;o me;jg; g[z;z pad; bghd;d o nghw;W';fo/ bgha;ia xHpj; Jg; g[wg;gl;nld; kd;whLk; Iaiuf; fz;n ldo. ? mf; fr;r p Iaiuf; fz;n ldo/

JhpaKk; fle;jnjhh; bghpathd; bghUbsd ciubra; ntj';fs; cd;D bka;r; rj;nj (1212)
$hf;uj; mtj;ijapny kdk; bray;glhj epiyna Jhpa epiy/ mija[k; fle; J tps';Fk; xU kh kt[ d epiyapy; milaf; Toa N:d ;akhd btspapy; cs;s bghUs; vd ciu bra;fpd;w ntj';f s; tGj;Jfpd;w cz; ikahd rj;nj/

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md;W mjd; mg;ghy; mjd; guj;J mJjhd; (1214) vd;wpl epiwe;j vd; jdpr; rj;nj
md;iwf;Fk; mjw;F mg;ghYk; mjw;F nky; mg;ghYk; mJnt nkyhdJ vd;W TWk; mstpw; F epiwe;J tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw;w rj;nj/ Fwpg;g[ /; Kd;thpapy; JhpaKk; fle;j njhh; bghpa thd; bghUs; vd; whh;/ kfhnjt khiyg; ghlypy; mg;ghyha;. mjw;fg;ghyha;. mg;ghYf;fg;ghyha; vd;ghh;/ vy;yhk; fle;J mwptpw; fg;ghw;gl;L tps';Fk; me;jg; guk; bghUSf; F ,iz ntwpy;i y mJnt vd;gnj ,e;j thpapd; jpuz;l fUj;J/

vd;W k; cs;sJtha; v';F nkhh; epiwtha; vd;W k; tps';fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1216)

vf;fhyj;Jk; mHpahJ tps';Ffpd;w jd;ik cs;sjha;. m';fp';bfdhjgo v';Fk; g{uzkha; epiwe;J tps';Ffpd;wjha; vd;W k; ,Ug;gjhd vdJ xg;gw; w rpj;nj/

r rj;jpfs; gytha;r;; rj;jh;fs; gytha; ,j;jif tps';F k; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1218)

,ut[ ? gfy; khwp khwpj; njhw;Wjy;. gUt fhyk; jtwhJ kiH bga;jy;. gaph; tpisjy;. ku';fspYs; s ,iyfs; N:h pa xspr; nrh; f;ifapdhy; gpuhz tha[it btspg;gLj;J jy; Kjypadthfr; bray;fs; gytha[k;. ,r; bray;fisj; jtwhJ elj;Jtpf;Fk; fhuzh; fs; (rj; jh;f s;) gytha[k; ,it vy;yhkha; tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw; w rpj;nj/

jj;J tk; gytha;j; jj;J tp gytha; ,j;jif tps';F k; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1220)

jj;Jt'; fs; 96 vd tifg;gLj;jg;gl; Ls;sJ/ nkYk; mz;l jj;Jtk;. gpz;l jj;Jtk; vd ,uz;lhfg; gphpf;fg;g l;Ls;s J/ ,t;thW jj; Jt';fs; gytha[k ;

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,j;jj; Jt';f l;F K: yg; bghUsha; tps';Ffpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;nj/

cs;sitfs;

gytha[ k ;

go epiy gytha;g ; gjepiy gytha; ,otw tps';fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1222)

nknyw;W fpd;w tHp Kiwfs; gytha; mtw;wpd; Kotpy; milfpd;w gjepiyfs; gytha; mtw; wpd; tpisthf cly; rpijahky; mjhtJ kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[ bgw;W tps';Ffpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;nj/

K:h ;j;jh;fs; gytha; K:h ;j;jpfs; gytha; Vw;g l tps';fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1224)

gpUk;kh. tpc&;Qq. Uj;ud;. knf!; tud;. rjhrptd; vd;nghh; Ik;K:h ;j;j pfs;/ rj; jpfisr; bray;gLj; Jnthh; rj;jh; fs;/ mJnghy; K:h ;j;j pfis elj;Jnthh; K:h ;j;j h;fs;/ mg;gog;gl;l K:h ;j;j h;fs; gyh;/ guk;bghUs; xd;nw MdhYk; K:h;j ;jpfs; gytha; mk; K:h;j; jpfis ,af;F k; K: h;j; jh;f s; gytha[k; Vw;gl tps';Ffpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;nj/

caph; tif gytha; cly;tif gytha; ,aYw tpsf;fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1226)

jhtuk; Kjy; kdpjh;f s; tiu $P th;fs; gytha;. xt;bthUtif $PtDf;Fk; mspf; fg;gl; l cly;t if gytha; epajpa[w tps';fpLk; vdJ xg;gw;w rpj; nj/ Fwpg;g[/ ; caphj; jpus; xd;nwahdhYk; kdpj cUt';fs; xd;W nghy; xd;W ,y;iy/ btt;n tW tif cly;fs;/ mJ nghy; kpUf';f s; vd; why; ML. khL. eha;. ehp. ahid. rp';f k; nghd; w vj;jidnah tif kpUf';f s;/ mj;jid tifapYk; cly; khWghl;ilf; fhz;fpnwhk;/ nkYk; gwit ,dk;. Ch;td nghd;w

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midj; jpYk; khWgl;l cly;f s;/ ,tw;i wf; fUj;j py; bfhz; nl cly;tif vd;whh;/

mwptit gytha; mwptd gytha; vwptw tpsf;fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1228)

mwpe; J bfhs; sntz; oaitfs; (gf; jp. nahfk;. "hdk; Kjypad) vt;tsnth ,Uf;f mtw; iw mwpa KayhJ. mwpgit (cyfpay; tptfhu';fis kl;Lk;) gytha; cs;sd/ ,J Fwpj;J vd;id vwpahJ mjhtJ js;s ptplhJ. xJf;fhJ tps';fr; bra;fpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;nj/

epidtit gytha; epidtd gytha; ,idtw tpsf;fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1230)

,iw rpe; jid. mUs; mDgt';f s; Kjypa gyt[k ; epidf; f ntz; oadtha; ,Uf; f mtw;iw ehlhJ cyf Kfg;gl;l guhf;f py; bghUs; njLtJ. g[fH;n jLtJ. ntof;if tpndhj';f s; ehLtJ nkYk; bgz; tpc&a ,r;ir. kz; tpc&a ,r;ir. bghd; tpc&a ,r; ir. Kjypa ,r;i rfs; gw;wpna epidf;F khW bra; J. ,iw epiyailahJ gphpa[k hW bra;fpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rpj; nj/

fhl;rpfs; gytha;f; fhz;g d gytha; Vl;rpapd; tpsf;fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1232)

mfj;j pny fhz ntz; oa fhl;rpfs; ("hd ehlff; fhl;rp) gytha; ,Uf;f mtw; iwtpl;L ntW vij vijnah (ehlfk; rpdpkh nghd; wit) fhQqkhW cyfpaiy mikj;J itj;Js; s vd;Dila xg;gw;w rpj;;nj/

thd ehlUk; ehlUk; kd; wpny ta';F k;
"hd ehlff; fhl;rpna ehk; bgwy; ntz;Lk; Cd ehlff; fhl; rpahy; fhyj;i j xHpf;Fk; <d ehlfg; bghpaPh; fhs; tk;k pndhaPz;n l

326

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

bra;t pid gytha; bra;td gytha; va;tw tpsf;fpLk; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1234)

bra;a ntz;oa bray;fs; gythapUf;f mtw;iw ehlhJ cyfpay; rk; ke;jg;g l;l gyntW bray;fns bra;fpd;wthW mikj;J tpsf;fk; bra;fpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;nj bra;tpid vd;dthapUf;f yhbkdpy; jhdk;. jtk;. ,r;irapd;wp Efh; jy;. ,le;j dpj; jpUj; jy;. bja;tk; guhty;. gpwt[aph; f;fpu';f y;. bgU';Fzk; gw; wy; . ghog;gzpjy;. gf;j p bra;jpUj;jy; Kjypad/ bra;td/; gzk; nrh;g;gjw;F k;. g[f Hiltjw;Fk;. FLk;gj;ij tsh;g;gjw;Fk;. Ra eyj;jpw;Fk; cyfpay; ,r; irfisg; g{h; j;jp bra;J bfhs;tjw;Fk; kl;L nk thH;tJ.

mz;l ruhruk; midj;ija[k; gpwita[k; vz;lw tpsf;F k; vd; jdpr; rpj;nj

(1236)

vy;yhf; fpuf'; fSk; nrh;e; jJ Xh; mz;lk;/ me;j mz;lj;jpny mirt[ cila mndf bghUl; fs; cs;s d/ mit mndfkhf capUs;s $Pt uhrpfshFk;/ mnj nghy; mirahg; bghUs;fSk; epiwa cs; sd/ ,it mndfkhf $lg; bghUs;fshf ,Uf;f yhk;/ ,t;thW cs;s mz;l ';fisa[k; mz;lj;j pny cs;s mira[k ; bghUs;f isa[k; mirahg; bghUl;fisa[k ; kw;W Ks;s vy;y htw;i wa[k; jd; Ml;rpapd; fPH ; epWj;j p itj;Js; s vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;; nj/

vy;yhk; ty;y rpj;bjd kiw g[fd;wpl vy;yhk; tpsf;fpLk; vd;jdpr; rpj;nj

(1238)

cd;dhy; MfhjJ xd;Wkp;y ;iy/ vy; yhk; bra;af;Toa Mw;wYilatd;/ ntj';f s;. cd; dhy; Mfhj rpj;J vd;gJ 327

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

www.vallalar.org

vJt[k; ,y;iy vdf; Tw. mt;thnw vy;yhtw; iwa[k ; epd; ty;ygj;j pw;Fs; epWj;jp ,af;fpLk; vdJ xg;gw;w rpj;nj

xd;wjpy; xd;bwd;W iuf;ft[k; glhjha; vd;W k; Xh; goj;jhk; vd; jdp ,d;ng

(1240)

,jpy; Xh; ,d;gk; mjpy; Xh; ,d; gk; vd;W Tw Koahjjha; vf;fhyj;J k; khWglhj xnu jd;ika[ilajha; tps';Ffpd;w vdJ xg;gw;w ,d;gnk/ Fwpg;g[/ ; rj;J rpj;J Mde; jk; xd;W nrur; rr; rpjhde;jk; MfpwJ/ rj;Jk; rpj; Jk; Kd;g[ Twg;gl;L rr;rpjhde; j ,d;gk; ,';F Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ/ me;j ,d;gk; vd;Wk; khWglhj xnu jd;ika[ ilajha; tps';Ffpd;wjhk;/

,J mJ vd;dh ,ay; cilaJ tha; vjpuw epiwe;j vd; jdp ,d;ng

(1242)

,e;j rr;r pjhde;j ,d;gj; jpw; ; f Plhf ,d;bdhU ,d;gk; ,y;iy/ ,Jt[k ; ,d;gk; mJt[k ; ,d;gk; vd;W ,d;bdhU ,d;gj;i j ,jw;F vjph; Tw Koahj jd; ik bfhz;L v';Fk; g{uzkha; tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw; w ,d;gnk/

Mf;F Wk; mtj;ijfs; midj;ija[k; fle;J nky; (1244) Vf;fw epiwe;j vd; jdp ,d;ng
,e;j clk;gpw;F tuf;Toa vy;y h mtj;ijfisa[ k ; fle;J ,jw;F nky; njitfs; vJt[k; ,y; iy vd;w Vf;fkw;w kdjpy; epiwe; J tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw; w ,d;gnk/ Fwpg;g[/ ; $hf;uj;. brhg; dk;. RGj;j p. Jhpak; vd;g d mtj;ijfs;. ,itfs; fle;J JhpahjP j epiyapy; epuhir bfhz;l kdjpy; njhd;Wtnj epiwe; j ,d;gk; MFk;/

328

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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mwpt[f; fwptpdpy; mJ mJ mJtha; vwptw; nwh';fpa vd; jdp ,d;ng

(1246)

kdk;. g[j;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa fuz'; fs; fle;J mwptha; tps';fp. mwptpdhy; mwpit mwpaj; bjhl'; fpa fhyj;J mJthfpa mUl; bgU";n$hjp mJthf epd;W gphpbtd;gjpy; yhJ epd;W X';f tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw;w ,d;gnk/

tplak; vtw;wpDk; nkd;nky; tpise;J mit (1248) ,ilapil X';fpa vd; jdp ,d;ng
ve;j tpc&akhapDk; mjd; nkYk; nkYk; ,d;gkhdJ njhd;W khk;/ ,ilbtsp vd;gJ ,y;yhky; x';Fkhk;/ ,t;thW ve;bje;j tpc&a';f spYk; ,d;gnk ,ilaPL ,y;yhkYk; ,ilbtsp ,y;yhkYk; nkd;n kYk; X'; f tps';fpa vdJ xg;gw; w ,d;gnk/

,k;ika[k; kWika[k; ,ak;gpLk; xUika[k; vk;ika[k; epuk;gpLk; vd;jdp ,d;ng (1250)
rpW rpW Kaw;rpfisf; bfhz;L rpyfhyk; mDgtpf;f pd;w rpwpa rpwpa ,d;g'; fs; ,k;ik ,d;gk; vd;gjhFk;/ bgU Kaw;r pahy; gyfhyk; mila[k ; bghpa bghpa ,d;g';f ns kWik ,d;gk; vd;gjhFk;/ "hdpfs; jtj; jpy; <Lgl;L miye;J bfhz; oUf;fpd;w kdij mlf; f Vw;gLk; mEgt epiyna xUik MFk;/ ,k;ik. kWik vd;gJld; "hd mDgtpfs; TWfpd;w xUika[ k; vf;fhyj;Jk; tpyFwhJ epuk;gpna tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw;w ,d;gnk

Kj;jh;fs; rpj;jh;fs; rj;jpfs; rj;jh;fs; vj;jpwj; jth;f;F khk; vd; jdp ,d;ng/

(1252)

Kj;jp vd;gJ epiy Kd; cW rhjdk;/ me;epiy bgw;nwhh; Kj; jh;fs; Mth;/ mth; fs; g{kpapny ,lk; bgw;wpUf;fpd;wth;fshth;/

329

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rpj;jp vd;gJ epiy nrh;e ;j mDgtk;/ ,e;j mDgtk; bgw;wth; fs; rpj;j h;fs;/ ,th; fs; Mfhaj; jpy; ,lk; bgw;wth; fs;/ Koe;j Koghfpa rpj;jp epiyf; F Kd; cs;s Kj;jh; fSk;. rpj;jp epiy bgw;w rpj;jh;fSk;. vy; yhr; bray;ghLfisa[k ; epfH; j;Jfpd;w rj;j pfSk;. mr;bray;ghLfl;Ff; fhuz fh; j;juha; tps';Fk; rj;jh; fSk; nkYk; vt;t pj Mw; wy; bgw; wth;f Sk; chpik bgw;W mDgtpf;f pd;w vdJ xg;gw;w ,d;g nk/ Fwpg;g[/ ; rr;rpjhde; j ,d;gk; midth;f;Fk; bghJthdJ/

capUWk; vy;yh epiyfspd; vy;yh capUWk; vy;yh ,d;g [khk; vd; jdp ,d;ng

(1254)

mirtd. mirahjd. Ch;t d. gwg;gd. cWtd. elg;gd ,g;gog; gy epiyfspy; thH;f pd;w vy;yh caph;fSk; milfpd;w ,d;g';f s; vy;yhkha; tps';Fk; vdJ xg;gw; w ,d;gnk/

fUk;g [W rhWk; fdpe;j Kf;fdpapd; hYk; tpUk;g [W kpujKk; kpf;f jPk;ghYk; Fz';bfhs; nfhw;nwDk; Tl;o xd;whf;fp kz';bfhsg; gjk; bra;tifa[w ,aw;wpa czbtdg; gy;fhy; ciuf;fpDk; epfuh tzKWk; ,d;g kank mJtha;f; fye;jwp cUtha;f; fUJjw;fhpjha; eye;jU tpsf;fKk; etpyUk; jz;ika[k; cs;sjha; vd;W k; cs;sjha; vd;Ds; vd; cs;sjha; vd;wd; caph; csk; clk;g [ld;/

330

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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vy;yhk; ,dpg;g ,aYW Ritaspj;J vy;yhk; ty;y rpj;jpaw;ifajhfpr; rhfhtuKk; jdpj;j nguwpt[k; khfhjypy; rpt ty;yg rf;jpa[k; braw;fUk; mde;j rpj;jpa[k; ,d;g Kk; kaf;fwj; jFe;jpwy; tz;ikajhfpg; g{uztotha;g ; bgh';fp nky; jJk;g p Muz Koa[ld; Mfk Koa[k; fle;bjdJ mwpthk; fdnky; rig eL (1255?1274) ele;jpfH;fpd;w bka;";"hd MuKnj
fUk;gpypUe; J gpHpe;bjLj;j fUg;g";rhWk;. tpUg;gj;ij tsh;f;f pd;w ed;F fdpe; j kh. gyh. thiH Kjypa Kf;fdpfisg; gpHpe;bjLj;j rhWk; RitkpFe;j jPk; ghYk; jd;ik bflhj Ritkpf; f bfhk;g[j; njida[k; fye;J xd;whf;fp jPa;e; J nghfhky; gjkhff; fha;r;r p ve; j Kiwapy; bra;a ntz;Lnkh mt;t ifapy; jahh; bra;ag;gl;l czbtdg; gyKiw mHfha; tps';Fk;/ TwpdhYk;. <L,iz ,y; yhJ

,d;g kakha; ,jDld; fye;J mwpnt totha; epd;W kdjhy; vz;zpg; ghh;f; ft[k;. ed; i kna jUfpd;w bgU tpsf;fKk; brhy; Yf; fl'; fhj rhe; j epiwt[k ;/ cs;sjha;. mHptw;W vd;bwd;Wk; tps';Ftjha;. g[wj;njad;wp vd; cs;ns cs; sjha; vd; Dila caph;. cs;s k;. clk;g[l d; vy;yhk; Mde;j kila khWglhj Rit mspj;J vy; yhk; bra;aty;y rpj;ij vd;Dila ,ay;ghdjhf;f p

331

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rhfhj tuKk; <L ,iz brhy;y Koahj nguwpt[ k ; jd;idna mh;g;g zpf; fpd; w ngud;gpy; nkhdj;j pdhy; bgwg;gl; l Mw;wy; kpf;f rf;jpa[k;/ bra;tjw; fUikahd gytpj rpj;jpfisa[k ;. Mde;jj;ija[ k;. Kk;ky';fSs; xd;whd khiaahdJ mWgLk;go mspf;ff; Toa Mw;wy; kpf; fjhfpj; J}ytotj; jpy; v';Fk; epiwe;j g{uz totkhfpa Mde;j k; cs;ns vGe;J bgh';fp nkYk; JSk;gp ntjk; TWfpd;w Kot[k;. Mfkk; tpsf;Ffpd;w Kot[k; fle;J vdJ mwpbtDk; cWjp kpFe;j nkyhd rig eLnt eldk; ,aw;W fpd; w bka;" ;"hd tpistha; f; fpilj;j rpwe;j mUikahd mKjnk/

rj;jpa mKnj jdpj;jpU mKnj epj;jpa mKnj epiw rpt mKnj

(1276)

cz;ikapy; tpise;j mKnj/ mjhtJ bgha; te;j cs;sj; jpy; nghfhz;o vd;Wk;. bgha;i a xHpj;Jg; g[wg;gl;nld; kd;whLk; Iaiuf; fz; nldo vd;W k; TWthh;/ kdk;. thf;F. fhak; Mfpa K:d;w pYk; bgha; fythJ cz;ik. tha;ik. bka;k ;ik Mfpa K:d;Wk; bfhz;L xGFnthh; cs;sj; jpy; kl;L nk ,iwtd; Fog[Ftjhy; rj;j pa mKjhapw;W /

xg;gw; w bja;t rf;jp kpFe;j mKnj/
mHpah epiy bgw; w epj;jpa mKnj Fiwtw;w ghpg{uzkhf tps';Fk; epiw rpt mKnj/

mKnj rr;rpjhde;jj; jdp Kjy; mKnj bka;r; rpjhfhr tpistUs; mKnj
rj;J rpj;J Mde;jbkd tps';F k; xg;gw;w KGKjyha; tps';Fk; mKnj/

(1278)

rr;rpjhde; jj;j pd; cs;s

bka;ahdjha; tps';Fk; mwpthfhrkha; rpw;rigapy; tpise;j mUs; mKnj/

332

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Mde;j mKnj mUs; xsp mKnj jhde;j kpy;yhj; jj;J t mKnj

(1280)

Mde;jj;ijj; jUfpd;w mKnj/ mUs; xspahd mKnj/ jdf;F Kot[ vd;gJ ,y; yhj jj;Jt mKnj/

et epiy jUk; Xh; ey;y bjs;sKnj rpt epiy jdpny jpuz;l cs;sKnj

(1282)

tpe;J. ehjk;. gu tpe;J. gu ehjk;. jpf;fpuhe; jk;. mjpf; fpuhe;jk;. rk;nksdk;. Rj;jk; Mfpa vl;L epiy mDgt';fisf; fle; J xd;gjhtJ epiyahfpa mjP j mDgtj;jpy; bgwf; Toa rpwg;ghd bjs;s Knj Koe; j mDgtkhd rptepiy jdpny jpuz;L vGe;j mf mKnj/

bgha;g lhf; fUizg; g[z ;z pa mKnj ifglhg; bgU";rPh ;f; flt[s; thdKnj

(1284)

gyh; fUiz fhl;Lfpd;whh;fs;/ MH; e;J nehf; fpdhy; g[fGf;f hft[k ;. bghUSf; fhft[ k;. Ra tpsk;guk; nghd;w jw;bgUikf;f hft[k ; gpwh; nky; fUiz fhl;o eog;gJ bjhpa tUfpwJ/ ,t;thwhd fUizbay;yhk; cz;ikahd fUizah> gpw $Ptd; fs; kP J cz; ikahfnt fUiz fhl;l ntz;Lk;/ ,J ,iwtd; xUtDf; n f rhj;jpak;/ mtd; fUiznah bgha;glhjJ ? cz;ikahdJ ? g[z;z pah;f l;nf fpilf; ff;T oaJ/ ahUila ifahYk; jahhpf;fg;glhjJ/ bgUthH;tspf;f f;Toa flt[ s; jUfpd;w thdKjkhFk;/ cz;ikahd fUiz fhl;Lk; g[z;z pah; f;fhd mKnj ? ahuhYk; jahhpf;fg;glhj bgUthH;t[ bgw te;j flt[s; vDk; thd btsp mKnj/

333

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mfg; mfk; g[wk; mfg;g [wk; Mfpa g[wg;g [wk; cfe;j ehd;fplj;J k; X';fpa mKnj

(1286)

mfkhfpa Md;khtpny mf mKjhft[k; kdk;. g[j;j p. rpj;jk;. mf';f huk; Mfpa fuz'; fspny g[ w mKjhft[k;. $Ptdpny mfg;g[ w mKjhft[ k;. bka; tha;. fz;. K: f;F. brtp Mfpa ,e; jphpa';fspny g[wg;g[w mKjhft[k; Mfpa ehd;fplj;J k; X';fpa mKjnk/

gdp Kjy; ePf;fpa guk;gu mKnj jdp Kjyha rpjk;gu mKnj
gdp Kjyhfpa mKnj/ vd;gJ eLf; fk;. gaj; jpdhy; vy;yhj; JhpRfisa[k; eP f; fpa Kjd; ikj; jhdj;jpy;

(1288) Vw;gLk; eLf;fk; nkd;ikbghUe; jpa tps';Fk; rpjk;gu

vy;yhtw;wpw;Fk; mKnj/

cybfyhk; bfhs;spDk; cyg;gpyh mKnj myfpyhg; bgUe;jpwy; mw;g [j mKnj (1290)
cyfj;j hh; midtUk; cz;lhYk; Fiwt[glhj mKnj/ mstw;w nguhw;wy; bfhz;l mw;g[j r; bray;f is epfH;j ;Jfpd;w mKnj/

mz;lKk; mjd;nky; mz;lKk; mtw;W s gz;lKk; fhl;oa guk;gukzpna

(1292)

mz;lj;ija[ k; mjdjd;nky; mLf;fLf;fha; mike; Js;s mz; l';f isa[k ; mitfSf;Fs; ml';f pa[s; s bghUl;f isa[k ; ed;F tpsf;fpf; fhl;L fpd;w guk;gukzpna/

334

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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gpz;lKk; mjpYW gpz;lKk; mtw;W s gz;lKk; fhl;oa guhgukzpna

(1294)

J}y clk; iga[k; mjDs;n s ,Uf;fpd; w N:l; Rk cliya[k ; mtw;W s; ,Uf;fpd;w bghUshfpa rptj;ija[k ; fhl;oa guk; mguk; Mfpa ,uz;oDf;F k; fhuzkhd guhgukzpna/

epidj;jit epidj;jit epidj;jh';bfa;J w midj;ija[k; jUk; Xh; mUk; bgwy; kzpna (1296)
vz;zpa vz;z';fs; vz;zpathnw mila[k;go mhpanjhh; mUk;bgwy;kzpna/ midj;j pida[k; ehd; vy;yhtw;iwa[k ; mspf;Fk;

tpz;g jk; midj;J k; nkw;g jk; KGtJk; fz;bgw elj;J k; ffdkhkzpna

(1298)

Mfhaj;j pny ,Uf;f pd;w nfhs; fs; midj; jpYk; mjw;Fk; nkyhf tps';F fpd; w ,l'; fs; KGtJk; nehpny fz;fshy; fhQqkhW elj; jp itf;fpd; w ffd kh kzpna/

ghh; ghh;g jk; midj;J k; gfh; mo KGtJk; rhh;g [w elj;J k; ru xsp kzpna

(1300)

cyfpYs;s vy;yh ,l'; fisa[ k; mjw; Ff; fPn H cs; s ghjhs cyfk; vdr; brhy;yg;gLk; ,l';fs; KGtJk; miltpf;Fk; ru xsp kzpna/

mz;l nfhofbsyhk; miuf; fzj;njfpf; fz;L bfhz;ol xsph; fiy epiwkzpna (1302)
vj;jid nfho mz;l';fs; cz; nlh mj; jid mz;l';fisa[k; miuf; fz neuj;j py; nehpy; brd;W fz;L bfhSk;gor; bra;a[k; fiy epiw kzpna/

335

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ruhru caph;bjhWk; rhw;wpa bghUs;bjhWk; (1304) tpuhtpa[s; tps';F k; tpj;jf kzpna
mira[k ; caph; fs; (jhtuk; jtpu Vida vy;yh caph;fSk;) mirah caph; fs; (jhtuk; ? ,it ,lk; tpl;L ,lk; efu Koahjit ahjyhy; mirah caph;f s; vdg;gl;ld) kw;W Ks;s $lg; bghUs;f s; midj;j pYk; gutp mtw;wpDs;ns tps';Fk; tpj;j f kzpna/

K:tUk; Kdp tUk; Kj;jUk; rpj;jUk; njtUk; kjpf;F k; rpj;jp bra; kzpna

(1306)

gpUk;kh. tpc;&Qq. cUj;j pud; Mfpa K:tUk;. cyfpay; Mirfis btWj; J mUsilaj; jtj;ij nkw; bfhz;Ls;s Kdpth;fSk;. gpwth bewpahfpa. mjhtJ Koe;j Koghfpa rpj;jpf;F Kd; epiyahd Kj;jp mDgtj;i jg; bgw; w Kj;jUk;. mDgtj;jpd; vy;i yahfpa rpj;jpia mile;Jtpl;l rpj;j Uk; jant totha; tps';F k; njtUk; tpae;J ghuhl;Lk; rpj;jp bra; fpd; w kzpna/

jhH;btyhk; jtph;j;J rfkpir mHpah thH;btdf;fspj;j tsh; xsp kzpna

(1308)

,Hpitj; juf; Toa nftykhd bray;fs; midj; jpida[k; nghf;f p ,t;t [yfj;jpny vd;Wk; thH;fpd; w kuzkpy;yhj mHpah thH;it vdf;F mspj;j tsh; xsp kzpna/

etkzp Kjypa eybkyhk; jUk; xU rptkzp vDk; mUl; bry;t khkzpna

(1310)

,Jtiu Twg;gl; l xd;gJ kzpfs; eynk gag;gdthFk;/ mt;thW eynk gaf;f pd;w xd;gJ kzpfs; Kjypa ed;i kfs; vy;yhk; jUfpd;w xU rptkzp vd;W Twg;gLk; mUs; epiwe;j bry;t kpF khkzpna/

336

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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thd; bgww;fhpa tifbayhk; tpiue;J ehd; bgw mspj;j ehj ke;jpunk
(thd; Fwpg;gjhFk;) vd;gJ ,lthF bgauhy;

(1312)

njth;fisf;

njth;fshYk; miltjw;F mhpjhfpa vy;yhtw;iwa[ k;. kpf tpiuthf ehd; mila[k;go mspj; j ehjkhfpa ke;j punk/

fw;g k; gy gy fHpapDk; mHpahg; bghw;g [w mspj;j g[dpj ke;jpunk

(1314)

ehd;F a[f ';fs; nrh; e;jij xU fw;gfhyk; vdf; TWth;/ mg;g og;gl;l fw;gfhy'; fs; vj;j id fHpe; jhYk; mHpahj mHFld; ehd; tps';FkhW vdf;fspj;j g[ dpjk; epiwe; j ke;jpunk/

mfuKk; cfuKk; mHpahr; rpfuKk; tha; tfuKk; Mfpa th a;ik ke;jpunk

(1316)

caph; epiyahfpa @m@ vd;gJk; ,iw epiyahfpa @c@ vd;gJk; mHpnt ,y;y hj @rp@ vd;g Jk; fhw;i wg; gpof;Fk; Jiwahfpa @t@ vd;g Jk; vy;y hk; xd; n wahfpa tha;ik kpf;f ke;jpunk/

Ie;bjd vl;bld Mbwd ehd;bfd Ke;J W kiwKiw bkhHpa[ ke;jpunk

(1318)

ekrptha vd;gJ Ie; bjGj; J ke;jpuk; X enkh ehuhazha vd;gJ vl;b lGj; J ke;jpuk; rutzgt vd;gJ MbwGj; J ke;jpuk; rptrpt vd;gJ ehd; bfGj; J ke;jpuk; Kd;g[ njhd; wpa ntj';fshy; Ie;b jGj; jhYk;. vl;blGj;jhYk;. MbwGj; jhYk;. ehd;bfGj;jhYk; bkhHpag;gl;l ke;jpunk

337

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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ntjKk; ntjKk; Mfk tphpt[fs; midj;J k; xj epd;W ythJ X';F ke;jpunk

(1320)

ntj';fSk; mjd; tphpt[ fshfpa cgepc&j;J f;fSk; Mfk';fSk; mjd; tphpt[fshfpa ,jpfhr g[uhz';fSk; ,it midj; Jk; vt;tst[ jhd; tpsf; f pf; Twpa[k ; mjDs; ml';f hJk; FiwahJk; X';Ffpd;w ke; jpunk/

clw;g pzp midj;ija[k; caph;g ;gpzp midj;ija[k; (1322) mlh;g wj; jtph;j;j mUl;rpt kUe;nj
ek; clYf;F tUtJ clw;g pzp/ ek; cw;whh; cwtpdh; Jaug; gLtJ fz;L ehkiltJ caph;g;gpzp/ ,it ,uz;Lnk beU';fhky; jtph; j;j mUs; rpt kUe;nj/ Fwpg;g[/ ; clypy; Vw;gLk; Cdk;. gpzp Kjypad clw;gpzp/ kdij tUe;jr; bra;a[k; gpwuJ Jaunk caph;g;gpzpahFk;/

rpj;jpf;F K:ykhk; rpt kUe;bjd csk; jpj;jpf;F k; "hdj; jpUtUz; kUe;nj
mila kUe;J vd kUe;n j/

(1324)

ntz;oa ngwhfpa rpj;j pf;F MjhukhdJ rpt csk; ,dpf;f tps';F k; "hdj; jpUtUz;

,we;jtbuy;yhk; vGe;jplg; g[hpa[k; rpwe;j ty;ygKW jpUtUz; kUe;nj

(1326)

,we;jth;fs; midtiua[k; kP s caph;g;gpf; ff; Toa kpfr; rpwe;j Mw;wYila jpUtUs; kUe;nj/ Fwpg;g[/ ; ve;j mDgtk; bgw;wth;fs; ,we;jhiu vGg;g Koa[k ;>

Jhpa kiy nkYsnjhh; n$hjp tsehL
njhd;Wk; mjpy; Iah; elk; bra;a [k; kzp tPL bjhpa[k J fz;lth; fs; fhzpy; capnuhL brj;jhh; vGthh; vd;W ifj; jhsk; nghL 338

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Jhpa kiy nky; = JhpahjP jk; kzp tPL = bghw;r ig

kuzg; bgUk; gpzp thuhtif kpF fuzg; bgUe;jpwy; fhl;oa kUe;nj

(1328)

kuzk; vd;gJ vy; yhg; gpzpfistplg; bgUk; gpzpahFk;/ me;jg; bgUk;gpzp tuhky; jLf;Fk; bghUl;L g[i lj;J vGfpd; w kdk;. g[j; jp. rpj; jk;. mf'; fhuk; cs;sk; vd;fpd;w fuz';f spd; nguhw;wiy tpsf;fpf; fhl; oa kUe;nj/

eiu jpiu K:g ;g it ez;zh tif jUk; ciu jU bgU";rPh ; cila ed; kUe;nj (1330)
cly; nuhkk; fUik epwk; khwp btSj;J eiu cz;lhfpd;w J/ cly; njhypy; RUf;f ';fs; Vw;gl;L j; jpiu cz;lhfpwJ/ ,sikf; nfhyk; khwp clypy; KJik njhd;W fpwJ/ ,g;gog;gl;l eiu. jpiu. K:g;g[ Kjypait beU'; fh tz;zk; g[f iHj; jUfpd;w thH;tspf;Fk; rP h ; cila ey;y kUe;n j/

,siknahoUf; vd;nw vd;dpDk; ,siknahoUf;f ed;nw jUk; xU "hd kh kUe;nj

(1332)

taJ Vw Vw ,sik khwp KJik Vw;gLfpwJ/ Mdhy; vd;W k; ,sik khwhJ ,Uf;F k;go ed;ik jUfpd;w xg;gw;w "hd kh kUe;nj/

kyg;g pzp jtph;j;J mUs;tyk; jUfpd;wnjhh; (1334) eyj;jif mJbtd ehl;oa kUe;nj
Mztk;. khia. fd;kk; Mfpa ky';fSk; gpzpfnsahFk;/ ,e;j nehiaa[k; ePf ;fp mUshfpa Mw; wiyj; jUfpd;w ey;yjuKilaJ mJ vd;W epiy ehl;oa kUe;nj/

339

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rpw;rig eLnt jpUelk;g [h pa[k; mw;g [j kUe;bjDk; Mde;j kUe;nj

(1336)

rpw;rigahfpa g[ Ut kj;jpapd; eLnt mUs; elk; g[hpfpd;w mw;g[jkhd kUe;J vd;W Twg;gLk; Mde;jkhd kUe;n j/

,ila[wg; glhj ,aw;if tpsf; fkha; j;
jil xd;W kpy; yhj; jft[ ilaJtha; khw;wpit vd;d kjpj; jsg; ghpjha; Cw;wKk; tz; zKk; xU';FilaJtha;f; fhl;rpf;fpdpa ew;fiya[ilaJtha; Ml;rpf;Fhpa gd;khl;rpa[k; cilj; jha; ifjth; fdtpDk; fhz;lw;fhpjha;r ; bra;jtg; gadhk; jpUtUs; tyj;jhy; csk; bgWk; ,lbkyhk; cjt[f vdnt tsk;gl tha;j;J kd; dpa bghd;nd (1337 ? 1346) FWf;fPoy; yhj ,aw;ifahd tpsf;fkha;j; jilbad;gJ xd;W kpy; yhg; bgUika[ ilajha; mjDila juk; ,j;jd; ikaJ vd;W kjpf;fg;gl Koahjjha; brGika[ k; mHFk; xU';n f cilajha; fhz;gjw;fpdpa ey;y mwpt[j; jpwd; tha;e;jjha; Ml;rp brYj;J jw;Fhpa bgUikfs; gy cilajha;/ btWg;gth; fdtpDk; fhz Koahjjha;. jtj;jpd; gadhfpa jpUtUl; rf;jpahy;/ Mw;Wfpd; w

cs;skhfpa mwpt[ v';bfy;yhk; ahUf;bfy; yhk; cjt vz;Qqfpd;wnjh mt;thbwy; yhk; cjt[f vd;W tsnkhL fpilj; J tps';Ffpd;w bghd;n d/

g[lk;g lhj; juKk; tplk;g lhj;jpwKk; tlk; glh eyKk; tha;j;j brk;bghd;nd

(1348)

340

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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Fw;wk; glhj juk; cilajha; tpc&j; jd;ik Vwhj cWjp cilajha; khWghlilahj ed;ika[k ; cila brk; bghd;nd/

xU Kk;ika[k; jUk; xU brk;ikia a[ilj;jha; (1350) ,k;ikna fpilj;jp';fpy';fpa bghd;nd
,we;j fhy thH;t[. epfH; fhy thH;t[. thH;t[. Mfpa K:d;i wa[k; juf;Toa xg;gw;w cilajha; ,g;gpwg;g pnyna vdf;Ff; fpilj;J mDgtpf;f tps';Fk; bghd;n d/ tpsf;fk;/ ; vjph;f hy rpwg; ig ,';nfna

Kk;ik vd;gJ Kf;fhynk/ epfH; fhyk;. vjph; fhyk; vd;git kWf;f ,ayhJ/ ,we;j fhyj;ij vg;goj; ju Koa[k; vd;w tpdh vHyhk;/

Rj;j rd;khh;f; f mDgtj;jpy; jpiue;J jpiue;J cSj;jtUk; jpUk;gt[k; ,sik mila Koa[k;/ vdnt fHpe;J nghd ,we;j fhy thH;t[ kPz;Lk; ju ty;y bghd;nd vd;W ,iwtidg; ghuhl;Lfpd;whh;/ (Kf;fhyj;Jk; mHpah ghly; thpna Mjhuk;) K:h; j;jk; mile;jplnt vd; w

kPz;Lk; ,sikailtjw;F Mjhuk;/ ;

tpiue;J tpiue;J mile;jpLkpd; nkjpdpaP hp';n f
bka;ik ciuf;fpd;nwd; eP h; ntW epidahjPh; jpiue; J jpiue; J cSj;jtUk; ,sik mile; j plt[k; brj;jth;fs; vGe;jplt[k; rpj; jhly;g[hpa tiue;J tiue; J vy;yhk; bra;ty;y rpj;jd;j hnd tUfpd; w jUzkpJ tuk; bgwyhk; ePtph; fiue;J fiue;J csk; cUfpf; fz;f spy; ePh; bgUfpf; fUiz elf;f lt[is cl; fUJkpndh fspj;n j (jpUtUl;g h 5583)

341

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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vLj;bjLj;J jtpDk; vd;W k; FiwahJ Lj; mLj;jL j;J X';F k; bka;a USilg; bghd;nd (1352)
vt;tst[jhd; vLj; J vLj;Jf; bfhLj;jhYk; vf;fhyj;Jk; Fiwt[glhJ kPz ;Lk; kPz;L k; tsh;e; J bfhz;n l ,Uf;fpd;w cz;i kahd mUSila bghd; nd/

jsh;e;jpnly; vLf;fpd; tsh;e;jpLntk; vdf; fpsh;e;jpl ciuj;J f; fpilj;j brk;bghd;nd

(1354)

vLj;jhy; Fiwa[n kh vd;W jsuhnj ? vLj;jhy; FiwahJ tsh;nthk; vd cs;skhdJ FJ}fypf;FkhW Twp vdf;Ff; fpilj;j brk;bghd; nd/

vz;z panjhWk; ,aw;W f vd;bwid mz;z p vd; fuj;jpy; mkh;e;j igk; bghd;nd
epidj; j nghbjyhk; bray;gLf vd; W vd; fuj;jpy; tP w;wpUf;Fk; igk;bghd; nd/

(1356)

vidaile; J

eP nfs; kwf;fpDk; epd;idahk; tpl;L g; nghnfk; vd vidg; bghUe;jpa bghd;nd (1358)
eP vd; cwt[ vd;g ij ehnd kwe;jhYk; cd;i d ehd; tpl;Lg; gphpakhl;nld; vd;W Twp vd; i df; fye;j bghd; nd/ Fwpg;g[/ ; ehd; kwe; njd; vdJ ehafd;/// vdpDk; vidj; jhd; kwthd;

vz;z pa vz;zpah';F va;jpl vdf;F g; gz;z pa jtj;jhy; gGj;j brk;bghd;nd

(1360)

vz;zpaij vz;zpathW ehd; mila ehd; bra; j jtj;jhy; fdpe;J vdf;Ff; fpilj;j brk;bghd;nd/ Mjhuk;/ ; gz;zpa g{i$ epiwe;jJ rpw; wk;gy el'; fz;L vz;zpa vz;z k; gypj;jJ ? bka;apd;g k; va;j panjhh; jz;zpay; MuKJz; ldd; fz; ldd; rhkpia ehd; ez;zpa g[z;z pak; vd;Diuf;n fd; ,e; j ehdpyj;n j (jpUtUl;g h 5398) 342

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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tpz;z pay; jiytUk; tpae;jpl vdf;F g; g[z ;z pag; gadhy; g{j;j brk;bghd;nd

(1362)

tpz;zth; fl;Fk; jiytuha; cs;sth;f s;Tl Mr; rh;ak; mila[k ;go ehd; bra;j g[ z;zpaj;jpd; tpistha; vdf;F f; fpilj; j brk;ikahd bghd;nd/

ehy;tif bewpapDk; ehl;Lf vdnt ghy;tif KGJk; gzpj;j igk;bghd;nd

(1364)

rhpia. fphpia. nahfk;. "hdk; Mfpa ehd;F tif bewpfspYk; xGfp ,iwtid milf vd;W Mz; bgz; Mfpa ,U ghyhh;f;F k; Mizapl;l gRk;bghd; nd/

vGtif bewpapDk; ,aw;W f vdnt KGtif fhl;o Ka';fpa bghd;nd
1) 2) 3) 4) 5)

(1366)

fl;l fYjy; ? ge; jkWj;j y; fuzk; eP f;fpf; fiyafw;Wjy; ? kdklf;f y; fUtpbayhk; fHw;Wjy; ? bghwpalf; fy; khiatpl;lfYjy; ? mth mWj; jy; fUk ky nghjk; aht[k; tpLj; jy; ? ,r;i rapd; wp Efh;jy; 6) rfrky tPf ;fk; ePf ;fy; ? kykWj;j y; 7) Rl;l fd;W epw;w y; ? jtk; bra;J jdpj;jpUj;jy; Mfpa VG bewpfspYk; bray;gLf vdf; Twp epiwthd ngW mila[k; tif fhl;o. vidf; fye;j bghd;nd/ (Mjhuk;/ ; kl;lfd;w vdj; bjhl';Fk; kfhnjt khiyg; ghl;L)

vz;z pago bayhk; ,aw;W f vd;bwid g[z ;z pa gyj;jhy; bghUe;jpa epjpna

(1368)

epidj; jgobayhk; bray; gLf vd;W Twp ehd; bra; j g[z;zpaj;jpd; gadha; vidg; bghUe;jpa (fye;j) epjpna/

343

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CHp njhW}Hp cyg;g [whJ X';fp thHp vd;bwdf;F tha;j;j ed; epjpna

(1370)

njhd;w pa cyfkhdJ Kot[ Vw;gLk;n ghJ gpusaj;jhy; mHpa[k ;/ mJ Xh; CHpf; fhykhFk;/ mt;thW cs; s CHpf; fhyk; vj;j idahdhYk; eP bfh";r'; Tlf; Fiwnt ,d;wp cah;e;J thHp vd; bwdf;F tha; j;j ey; y epjpna/

,jKw CHp njhW vLj;bjLj;Jynfhh;f;F cythJ (1372) cjtpDk; cythJ X';F ed;epjpna
bghUs; vd;g J rhjhuzkhff; bfhLf;ff; bfhLf;ff; Fiwe;J Kotpy; jPh ;e;J tpLk;/ Mdhy; ,uf;f j;jpd;ghw;g l;L nkw;brhd;d CHpf; fhy';f s; njhWk; cyfpy; cs; nshh;f;F vLj;bjLj;J cjtpdhYk; Fiwt[g lhJ tsh;f pd;w ey;y epjpna/

et ,U epjp vG epjp ,ay; et epjp Kjy; jpU epjp vy;yhk; jUk; xU epjpna

(1374)

r';f epjp gJkepjp vd;W Twg;gLfpd;w epjpa[l d; vLj;jhYk; Fiwt[ glhJ tsuf; Toa epjpa[ld; g[Jg;g[ J mDgt';fs; Kjy; mUs; epjp Kjypa midj;ija[ k; jUk; xU epjpna/

vt;tif epjpfSk; ,e;j khepjpapil fpilf; mt;tif fpilf;F k; vd;wUspa epjpna

(1376)

vg;gog;gl;l epjpia tpUk;gpdhYk; vitf;Fk; bghpa rpwe;j khepjpahfpa vd;dplk; te;jhy; tpUk;gpathnw fpilf;F k; vd;W mUspa epjpna/

mw;g [jk; tps';F k; mUl;bgUepjpna fw;g id fle;j fUiz khepjpna
braw;fhpa bgU epjpna ? bghpa epjpna

(1378)

mw;g[j'; fs; tps';Ffpd;w mUs; epiwe; j fw;gid vjw;Fk; vl;lhj fUiza[ila

344

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Fwpg;g[/ ;

,iwtd; fUiz vj;jd;ikaJ vtUila fw;gidf;F'; Tl vl;lhjhk;/

vd;gJ

ew;F z epjpna rw;F z epjpna epw;F z epjpna rpw;F z epjpna

(1380)

ew;Fz'; fns tps';F fpd; w epjpna/ rj;Jt Fz'; fs; cila epjpna ey;yJ bfl;lJ. tpUg;g[ btWg;g[ nghd;w ve; j FzKk; ,y;yhj epjpna

gsfpyhJ x';F k; gspf;F khkiyna tsbkyhk; epiwe;j khzpf;f kiyna
rpijnt khkiyna/ vy;yh khkiyna/ Fwpg;g[/ ; ,y;yhJ X';F k; epiwe; j fz; zho khzpf; fk; nghd;w nghd;w

(1382) bghpa rpte; j

ts';fSk;

fz;zho cila[ k; jd; ika[i laJ ? Mdhy; ,iwtndh rpijt[ glhjtd;/ fz; zho vjphpy; cs;sij mg;gona fhl;Lk;/ cz;L vd;ghh;f ;F ,iwtDk; cz;L/ ,y;iy vd;ghh;f;F ,iwtDk; ,y;i y/ vdnt jhd; fz;zhof;F xg;ghff; fhl; lg;gl;l J/

kjpa[w tps';F k; kufj kiyna ngbuhsp tjpjU ng buhsp tr;rpu kiyna

(1384)

g[j;jp jj; Jtkhfpa kd mwptpny tps';Ffpd;w kufj kiyna ? vd; iwf;F k; mHpah epiy jUk; ngbuhsp tha;e;j t$;$p;u k; nghd;w cWjpahd kiyna/

ciu kd';fle;jh';F X';F bghd;kiyna Jhpa nky; btspapy; n$hjp khkiyna (1386)

345

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vg;nghJk; VjhtJ xd;i w epidj;Jf; bfhz;n l ,Uf;Fk; kdkhdJ bray;glh epiyapy; mt;tDgtj;jpy; X';fp tps';F k; bghd; kiyna/ Jhpa epiyf;F nky; njhd;Wk; bgUbtsp mDgtj;jpy; n$hjpahfg; gpufhrpf;Fk; bghpanjhh; kiyna/

g[w;g [jk; jpiu Eiug[iu Kjy; ,ynjhh; mw;g [jf; flny mKjj; jz; flny

(1388)

g[w;fSk; (g[y ;) g{z;LfSk; miya[k;. Eiua[k;. Fw;w k; Kjyhfpa vJt[k ; ,y; yhj tw;whj mw;g[j ';fs; epiwe;j flny ? mKjk; epiwe; J tps';F k; Fsph;r; rpahd rhe;j k; bghUe;j pa flny/

,Ul;fiy jtph;j;J xspbay;yhk; tH';fpa (1390) mUl;bgU';flny Mde;jf; flny
,Ushfpa mwpahikiag; nghf;fp. mwpt[ midj; ija[k ; tH';fpa mUs;epiw bgU';flny epiwe; J tps';Fk; Mde;jf; flny/ tpsf;fk; Mde;j k;

gtf; fly; fle;J ehd; ghh;j;j nghjUnf (1392) ctg;g [W ts';bfhz;L X';fpa fiuna
gpwtpiaj; jUfpd;w ge;jk; ehd; ghh; j;jnghJ Mde;j Kw vd;dUnf X';fpa fiuna/ vDk; fliyf; fle;J gy ts';fs; bfhz;L

vd; Jah;r; nrhilfbsyhk; jtph;j;J sk; ed;W w tps';fpa ee;jdf;fhnt

(1394)

vd;Dila Jd;g';f shfpa Fw;w';fisbayhk; nghf;f p vdJ cskhdJ ed; ikna mila[khW tps';fpa ee; jtdk; nghd;w g{e;njhl;lnk/

nrw;W ePh pd;wp ew;wP"; Rit jUnkhh; Cw;W ePh ; epuk;g cila g{e;jlnk

(1396)

346

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nrw;W ePhpy;yhky; ey;y jP ";Rit juf;Toa Cw;W ePh; epuk;g cila g{';Fsnk/

nfhiltha; tphpe;j Fsph; jU epHny nkiltha; tPrpa bky;ypa fhw;nw
nfhilfhy bta;apypd; FSikahd tphpe;j epHny ? bkd;ikahd bjd;w ny (my;yJ) btg;ge; nkil

(1398)

jhf;fhjthW nky; tPRfpd;w

tpidahfpa btg;gkhdJ jhf;fhjthW jLj;J kdkhdJ vf;fhyj;Jk; rhe;j khf mjhtJ mikjpahfnt ,Uf;FkhW bra;a[k; gue; j Mjunt ? g[Ut kj;jpahfpa nkilapny tPR fpd; w bky;ypa g{';fhw;n w/

fisg;g wf; fpilj;j fUiz ed;dPnu ,isg;g w tha;j;j ,d;Rit cznt

(1400)

mah;t[k ; nrhh;t [k; eP';F k;gof; fpilj; j ey;y fUizahfpa ey;y ePnu ? mah;t[ mWgl;Lg; nghFk;go mjhtJ vg;nghJk; cw;rhfkhfnt ,Uf;Fk;go vdf;Ff; fpilj; j ,dpa Ritkpf; f cznt/

bjd;id tha;f; fpilj;j brt;t ps ePnu bjd;id thd; gyj;jpd; jpUF jPk;g hny (1402)
nthpny thh;f;fg;g l;l eP iug; gpd; dh; fhykwpe; J Rita[ld; jiyahny jUfpd;w bjd; idapd; K: yk; fpilj;j rpwe;j brt;t ps ePnu me;jj; bjd;idapny gGj;j nj'; fhiaj; vLj;j kpFe;j Rita[ ila (nj';fha;g;) ghny/ jpUfp

k; ePh ; eir jtph;f;F k; bey;ypa';fdpna nth;tpis gytpd; bkd;Ritr;; Risna

(1404)

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ePh; ntz; oj; bey;ypf; fdpna/ nthpy; fha;f ;Fk; gyhr; Risna/

njhd;Wk;

jhfj; ijj;

jtph;f ;fpd;w

nth;g;

gyhtpd;

,dpa

Rit

kpFe;j

fl;L khk;g Hnk fjypthd; gHnk ,l;l ew;Rit bra; ,ye;ija';fdpna
fdpe;j khk;gHnk/ ,iwtDf;F fe;j thiHg; kdk; tpUk;g[ k; ey;y Rit jUfpd;w ,ye;ijg; gHnk/

(1406) gHnk

g[dpjthd; jUtpy; g[Jikahk; gynk fdp vyhk; Tl;of; fye;j jP";Ritna
J}a;ikahd fuz'; fs; brayw;W btspahd tpise;j g[Jik mDgtkhfpa "hdg; gHnk/ vy;yhf; fdpfisa[ k; kpFe;j Ritna/ xd;W Tl;o

(1408) epiyapy;

fye;jthW

cs;s

,je;jU fUk;g py; vLj;j jP";rhnw gje;jU bty;yg; ghfpd; ,d;Ritna
kpfg; fUg;g";rhnw/

(1410)

gf;Ftkhd fUk;gpypUe;J gpHpe;bjLj;j gjkhd bty;yg;ghF jUk; ,dpa Ritna/

rhynt ,dpf;F k; rh;f;fiuj; jpuns fpdpa Vynt ehtpw;fpdpa fw;fz;nl

(1412)

kpf ed;whfnt ,dpf;f pd;w rh; f;fiuf; fl;ona ehtpw;f pdpa Ritaspf;Fk; fw; fz;n l

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cyg;g [wh jpdpf;F k; cah;kiyj; njnd (1414) fyg;g [wh kJuk; fdpe;j nfhw;nwnd
Fiwt[ glhj ,dpg;igj; jUfpd;w cah;e ;j njnd ve; jf; fyg;g[ kpy; yhj ,dpa Rit epuk;g fdpe;j bfhk;g[j ; njnd/ kiyj; cila

eitapyh bjdf;F ez;z pa ewnt Ritbayhk; jpul;oa J}a jPk;g jnk
Mirfs; mw;w vdf;Ff; fpilj; j njnd vy;yhr; RitfSk; xd;W nruj; jpul; oa gjnk

(1416) J}a;ikahd

gjk; bgwf; fha;r;rpa gR eWk;ghny ,jk;bgw cUf;fpa ,sk; gR bea;na

(1418)

gf;Ftkhff; fha;r;rg;gl;l ey;y gRtpd; ghny ,jkhf cUf; fp vLf;fg;gl;l ,sk; gRtpd; bea;na

cyh;e;jplh bjd;W k; xU goj;jhfp kyh;e;J ey; tz;zk; ta';fpa kynu
tho tj';f hJ vd;Wk; xnu epiyapy; g{j;J ey;y mHFld; tps';fpa kynu/

(1420) ,Ug;gjha;g ;

,fe;jU g[t pKjy; vt;t [yFaph;fSk; cfe;jpl kzf;F k; Rfe;j ed; kznk

(1422)

,fnyhf nghfj;ij tpUk;g[k ; ,t;t [y f caph; fs; Kjy; vt;t[yfj;jpYk; cs;s caph;fSk; ,d;g kila[khW kzf;fpd; w ,dpa ed; kznk/

ahGWk; ,irna ,dpa ,d;dpirna VGWk; ,irna ,ay; mUs; ,irna

(1424)

ahH; (tPi z) jUfpd; w ey;y ,irna ? ,dpa njd; nghd;w r'; fPjnk ? r ? hp ? f ? k ? g ? j ? ep vd;w

349

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VG !;tu';fspdhy; bgwg;gl;l ,irna/

milfpd;w

,ir

"hdnk

?

mUshy;

jpts; xspg; gUtk; nrh;e;j ey;ytns mtbshL';To mile;jnjhh; Rfnk
jpuz;l xsp tPR k; ,sk; gUt'; Toa ey;y mg;gog;gl;l ,dpatSld; To milfpd; w Rfnk/

(1426) Fykfns

ehj ey;tiug; gpy; ez;zpa ghl;nl ntj fPjj;jpy; tpis jpUg;ghl;nl

(1428)

ehjj;j pd; cr; rj;j py; fpilj;j ey; ybjhU ghl;n l ,irf;f pd;w ntj fPjj;jpny tpisfpd;w jpUg;ghl;n l/

ed; khh;f;fh; ehtpy; etpw;;wpa ghl;nl etpw rd; khh;f;f r';fk; jGtpa ghl;nl
ey;y khh;f;fj;jpy; njhd;w pa ghl;nl/ epw;f pd;w ey;nyhh;

(1430) ehtpypUe; J

rd;khh;f;f r'; fj;j hh; tpUk;g p Vw;Wf; bfhz;l ghl;n l/

ek;g [W k; Mfkk; etpw;wpa ghl;nl vk;g yk; Mfpa mk;g yg; ghl;nl

(1432)

ek;gpf; if Cl;Lfpd;w Mfkk; tpsk;g[fpd;w ghl;nl/ ek;Kila gyk; mJbtd Mfpa mk;gyg; ghl;nl/

vd; kdf; fz;nz vd; mUl; fz;nz vd; ,U fz;nz vd; fQqz; kzpna

(1434)

vd; kdkhfpa fz;n z ? vd; mUshfpa fz;nz. vd; ,U fz;f s; nghd;W tps'; fp vd; fz;zpDs; tps';Fk; kzpna/

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vd; bgU';fspg;ng vd; bgUk; bghUns vd; bgUe;jpwny vd; bgU"; brany
vd;Dila bgU kfpH; r;rpna vdJ vdJ nguhw;w ny. vdJ bghpa brany/ bghpa

(1436) bghUns.

vd; bgUe;jtnk vd; jtg; gynd vd; bgU"; Rfnk vd; bgUk; ngnw

(1438)

vd;Dila bgUe; jtnk vd; jtj; jpdhy; mila[k ; gand vd; bgU"; Rfnk vd; bgUk; ngwhfpa bry;tnk/

vd; bgU thH;nt vd; jd; thH; Kjny vd; bgU tHf;nf vd; bgU'; fzf;nf
vd;Dila bgU thH; nt fpilj; j Kjy; itg;ng/ vd; mUikahd

(1440) thH;tpy;

rpW bewpf;Fj; jila[z; lhf; fpg; bgU bewpapy; gHf;Fk; ePjpna/ ed;ik jPi kfl;F hpa bghpa fzf;nf/ gyh gyd;fisj; jUk; vdJ

vd; bgU eynk vd; bgU'; Fynk vd; bgU tynk vd; bgUk; g[ynk

(1442)

vd;Dila bghpa ed;i kna vdJ bghpa Fynk vdJ nguhw;w ny vdJ bgUk; "hdnk/

vd; bgU tunk vd; bgUe;junk vd; bgU bewpna vd; bgU epiyna

(1444)

ehd; bgw;w bgUtunk vd;Dila bgUe; jFjpna ehd; gw;wpa bgU bewpna ehd; mile;j bgU epiyna/

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vd; bgU';F znk vd; bgU';fUj;nj vd; bgUe;jant vd; bgU';fjpna

(1446)

ehd; gw;wpa bgU'; Fznk vdJ bgUk; epidg;ng vdJ bgU'; fUizna ehd; mile; j bgUk; gjnk/

gjpna vd; bgUk; gjp na vd;D aph; ,any vd; bgU epiwnt vd; jdp mwpnt

(1448)

vdJ bghpa ,iwtnd. vdJ caphpd; jd;ikna. vdJ bgU'; Fiwaw; w epiwnt ghpg{uznk. vdJ xg;g w;w mwpnt/

njhbyyh'; FiHe;jplr; N:H; euk;g idj;J k; (1450) nkbyyh'; fl;lit tpl;L tpl;oa';fpl
clk;gpd; nkYs;s VG tifj; njhy; fSk; jd; epiy khwp FiHe;J tps';f mjidr; N: H; e;Js;s euk;g[fbsy;yhk; g[ilj;J nkbyGk;gpf; fl;L tpl;Lr; brayhw;w pl/

vd;bgyhk; bef;F bef;fpa ypil befpH;e;jpl (1452) bkd;g [ilj; jirbayhk; bka;a [wj; jsh;e;jpl
vYk;g[f shdJ Kw; wpg; nghd epiyapypUe;J befpH;e; J befpH; e;J tps';ft[k; clk;gpYs;s bky;ypa jirfbsy;yhk; cz;ik epiy mile;j jhy; jsh;e;J tps';ft[ k;/

,uj;j kidj;J k; cs;spWfplr; Rf;fpyk; cuj;jpil ge;jpj;J xU jpus; Mapl

(1454)

ey;ypuj;jk;. g[y; ypuj;jk;. fyit ,uj;jk;. fgpiy ,uj;jk; Mfpa ehd;F ,uj;j tiffSk; cs;ns ,Wfplt[ k ; Rf;fpykhdJ ,Wfp kzpnghy; cUz;L jpuz; ol/

klbyyhk; K:is kyh;e;jpl mKjk; clbyyhk; Cw;bwLj;njho epuk;gpl

(1456)

K:isapYs;s kog;g[fbsy;yhk; tphpe; J kyh;e; jplt[ k ; mKjkhdJ clk;bgy;yhk; Cw;bwLj;J Xo epuk;gpl/ 352

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Kfk; xz;Q qjy; tpah;j;jpl xsp Kfk; kyh;e;jplj; (1458) jz;z pa caph;g ;g pdpy; rhe;jk; jJk;g pl
g[Ut kj;jpahfpa bew;wpapny tpah;i t njhd;w xsp bghUe;j pa KfkhdJ kyuf; Fsph; e; j K:r;Rf; fhw; wpdhy; rhe;jk; jJk;gpl/

cz;zif njhw;wpl cnuhkk; bghoj;jplf; (1460) fz;z pdPh ; bgUfpf; fhy; tHpe;njhol
cs;ns Mde;jk; njhd;w pl cnuhkkhdJ epw;ff; fz;fspny ePuhdJ bgUfp tHpe;J xGfpl/ g[sfpj;J

tha; Joj;jywpl tsh; brtpj; Jisfspy; Tapirg; bghwpbayhk; Fk;bkdf; bfhl;ol

(1462)

thahdJ (cs;n s njhd; wpa md;g[g; bgUf;f pd; fhuzkhf) Jog;gpdhy; jd;id kwe; J cd; idg; g[ fH;e ;jpl fhJfspny T vd;w ,irahdJ Fk; vd milj; Jf; nfl;ol/

bka;bayh'; Fsph;e;jpl bkd; khh;gire;jpl ifbayh'; Ftpe;jplf; fhbyyhk; Rytpl (1464)
clk;bgy;yhk; (btk;ikaspf;F k; rpdk; Kjypait eP';fpajhy; btk;ik jtph; e;J rhe;j epiwtha; f;) Fsph;e ;jpl mjhtJ rhJtha;f; nfhgkw;W tps'; fpl khh;ghdJ bky;b yd miraf; iffs; ,uz;Lk; Tg;gp epw; ff; fhy;fs; nrhh; e;J nghf

kd';fzpe;J Ufpl kjp epiwe;bjhsph;e;jpl (1466) ,dk;bgW rpj;jk; ,iae;J fspj;jpl
kdkhdJ befpH;e; J cUfplg; g[j; jpahdJ epiwt[ bgw;W g; gpufhrpf;f mnj epiy fz; l rpj;jKk; g[j;j pa[ld; ,ize;J fspg;gila

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mf';fhuk; M';fh';F mjpfhpg; gike;jpl (1468) rf';fhz cs;sk; jiHj;J kyh;e;jpl
mf';f huk; vd; fpw Kidg;g[ v';b f'; nf mjpfhpf;fj; bjhl';F fpd; wnjh mt;tg; bghGnj mJ ml'; fplt[ k ; cs;skhdJ ,e;j cyf elg;igf; fhzj; jiHj;J kyh;e; jpl/

mwpt[U midj;J k; Mde;j khaplg; bghwpa[Wk; Md;k jw;nghjKk; nghaplj;

(1470)

mwpthdJ Mde;j kile;J tps'; f t[k;. bka;. tha;. fz;. K: f;F. brtp Mfpa bghwpfspd; tHpahfj; njhd;Wk; Ra eynghfkhdJ tpyf/

jj;J t kidj;J k; jhk; xU';F xHpe;jplr; (1472) rj;J tk; xd;nw jdpj;J epd;W X';fpl
bjhz;Qq}w;w hW jj;Jt';fSk; xd;W nru tpyfpat[ld; cz;ikg; bghUshfpa rj;Jtk; xd;nw jdpj;J epd;W X'; fpl/

cybfyhk; tplak; csbtyhk; kiwe;jpl myfpyh mUspd; Mir nkw; bgh';fpl

(1474)

cyfKk; cyf tpla';fSk; ,d; D k; ,Ug;g itfs; vy;yhk; kiwe;J nghft[ k; mstw; w mUspd; nkYs;s MirahdJ cs; sj;j pny nkd; nkYk; bgh';fp X';f pl/

vd;D sj; bjGe;J capbuy;yhk; kyh;e;jpl (1476) vd; csj;njh';fpa vd; jdp md;ng
vd; cs;s j;jpypUe;J vGe;J vd; caphpny kyh;e ;J vd; cs;sj; jpDs; ns X';fpa vdJ xg;gw; w md;ng/

fz; bghd;do fz;lUs; g[j;jKJznt vd;D sj; bjGe;j vd;D il md;ng

(1478)

,iwtdJ bghd;dhd jpUto fz; olt[k;. mtdJ mUsKjkhfpa g[j ;jKij cz;L Ritf;ft[k; vd; cs; sj;n j njhd;w pa vd;Dila md; ng/ 354

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jd;idna vdf;F j; je;J mUbshspahy; (1480) vd;id ntjpj;j vd; jdp md;ng
epd;idna vdf;Fj; je;j J kd;wp epd; mUs; xspahy; vd;ida[ k; epd; idg; nghy khw;wp tpl;l vd;Dila xg;gw;w md;ng/

vd;D ns mUk;g p vd;Dns kyh;e;J vd;D ns tphpe;j vd;D il md;ng

(1482)

vd; mfj;jpny mUk;ghfj; njhd;wp kyuhft[k; vd;Dns kyh;e; J vd; mfKGtjpYk; tphpe; J gue;J tps';F k; vd;Dila md; ng/

vd;D ns tps';fp vd;D ns gGj;J vd;D ns fdpe;j vd;D il md;ng
vd; cs;sj;jpny Fo mfj;j pnyna ed;F tpise; J vd;Dila md; ng/ bfhz;L m';n fna

(1484)

tPw;wpUe;J vd; fdpe;J tps';Fk;

jd;D ns epiwt[W jubkyhk; mspj;nj vd;D ns epiwe;j vd; jdp md;ng

(1486)

cd;Dns vd;bdd;d jFjpfs; Mw;wy; fs; epiwe; Js;s dnth mtw; iwbayhk; KGikahf vdf;F mspj; J vd;Ds;n s epd;idj; jtpu ntwpy; iy vd;Dk; mstpw;F vd;Dns ePna fye;J g{uzkhf epiwe;j vdJ xg;gw;w md;ng/

Jd;g [s midj;J k; bjhiyj;bjdJUit (1488) ,d;g [U thf;fpa vd;D il md;ng
Jd;gk; juf; Toait vd;b dd;d cz;nlh mit midj; jpida[k; xd;W Tl ,y;yhky; eP f;fp vdJlk; ig "hd clk;ghf;fpa vd;Dil md;ng/ Rj;j njfk; ? mUs; cU

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gpuzt njfk; "hd njfk;

? ?

md;g[U ,d;g[U

bghd;D lk;g [ vdf;F g; bghUe;jpLk; bghUl;lha; md; (1490) vd;D s';fye;j vd; jdp m d;ng
bghd;Dly; vdf;F tha;f; f ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhfnt vd; cs;sj; jpy; fye;J bfhz; l vdJ xg;gw;w md; ng/

jd; trkhfpj; jJk;g p nkw;bgh';fp vd; tr'; fle;j vd;D il md;ng

(1492)

cd;trkhfnt khwpanjhld;wp g{uzkhf epiwe;J nkYk; bgh';fp vGe;J vdJ trk; vd;w xd;W ,y;yhJ epiwe;j vdJ md;ng/

jd;D ns bgh';fpa jz;zKJznt vd;D ns bgh';fpa vd; jdp md;ng
cd;Ds; ns bgh';fp vGfpd;w ehd; cz;Qqk; bghUl; nl vd; Dns md;ng/

(1494)

FSik kpf;f mKij bgh';fpa vdJ xg;gw; w

mUs; xsp tps';fpl Mztk; vDk; Xh; ,Us; mw vd;D sj; njw;wpa tpsf;nf

(1496)

mUl;gpufhrkhdJ tps';ft[k ; Mztk; vd;fpd;w Xh; ,UshdJ vd; id tpl;L tpyft[ k; vd;Ds; sj;n j Vw; wpa jPgnk/

Jd;g [W jj;J tj; Jhpbryhk; ePf;fp ey; ,d;g [w vd;D sj; njw;wpa tpsf;nf

(1498)

Jd;gk; jUfpd;w jj;Jtf; Fw;w'; fis bay;yhk; (kdk; Kjyhfpa 96 jj;Jt';fs;) nghf; fp ey;y ,d;gj;i j ehd; mila vd; cs;sj;nj Vw;w pa jPgnk/

356

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kayw mHpah thH;t [ nkd;nkYk; ,aYw vd;D sj; njw;wpa tpsf;nf

(1500)

kaf;fk; jUfpd; w khia mWglt[k; mHpah thH;t hfpa kuzkpyhg; bgUthH;t[ nkd; nkYk; vd;id milat[ k; vd; cs;sj; jpny Vw; wpa tpsf;n f/

,Lbtsp midj;J k; ,ay; xsp tps';fpl (1502) eLbtsp eLnt ehl;oa tpsf;nf
bghwp g[y d;fs; midj;Jk; ,ay;ghd xspj; jd;ik njhd;w p tps';f pl vd; g[ Ut kj;jpahfpa rpw;r ig vDk; yyhl!; jhdj;jpdLnt epiy bgw;W tps';Fk; tpsf; nf/

fUbtsp midj;J k; fjpbuhsp tps';fpl (1504) cUbtsp eLnt xsph; jU tpsf;nf
caph;btsp KGtJk; mUl; gpufhrkhfpa tps';f ,e; j clk;gpd; eLbtsp (rpw;rig) jUfpd;w tpsf;nf/ xsp njhd; wp eLnt xsp

njw;wpa ntjj; jpUKo tps';fpl Vw;wpa "hd ,ay; xsp tpsf;nf

(1506)

jpUj; jp mikf;fg;gl; l ntjj;j pd; KothdJ tps';FkhW Vw;w pa "hdj; jd;i k bghUe;jpa xsp tpsf; nf/

Mfk Konky; mUbshsp tps';fpl ntfk jwnt tps';bfhsp tpsf;nf

(1508)

Mfk';f s; TWfpd;w Kot[ vJnth mjd; nky; mUs; xsp tps'; fpl ntfk; bfLj;J (rhe;j kw;w jd; ikna ntfk; vd;gJ) mjhtJ rhe;jj; jd;ik bfhLj;Jr; rhJthf;fp tps';Ffpd;w mUs; xsp tpsf;nf/

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Mhpah; tGj;jpa mUs; epiy mdhjp fhhpak; tpsf;F k; Xh; fhuz tpsf;nf

(1510)

Mhpah;f s; mjhtJ ntj';fis ed; F fw;Wzh;e ;njhh; nghw;wp tHpgLfpd;w mUs; epiy mdhjpahft[s; s mf;fhhpaj; ij tpsf;Fk; Xh; fhuzkhft[s;s tpsf;n f/

jz;z pa mKnj je;bjdJsj;nj g[z ;z pak; gypj;j g{uz kjpna

(1512)

Fsph;e; j mKjj;ijj; je;J vdJs;sfj; nj ehd; bra;j g[ z;zpag; gydhdJ gypf;FkhW epiwe;j kjpna/

ca;ju mKjk; cjtp vd; csj;nj bra;jtk; gypj;j jpUtsh; kjpna

(1514)

ehd; nkd;i kaila mKjj;ij vdf; F mspj;J vd; cs;sj; nj ehd; bra; j jtk; gypf;f bja;t epiy tsh;fpd;w kjpna/

gjpbayhk; jiHf;fg; gjk; bgWk; mKj epjpbayhkspj;j epiw jpUkjpna

(1516)

,iwtps';Fk; ,lbkyhk; (clk;bgy; yhk;) jiHf;fg; gf;Ftk; bgw;w mKjkhfpa bghUisbay;y hk; mspj; j g{uzkhfpa bja;t kjpna/

ghy; vdj; jz; fjph; gug;gp v";"hd;W k; nky; btsp tps';f tps';fpa kjpna

(1518)

ghy;nghd;W FSikahd xsp gug;gp vd; bwd;Wk; nkyhd (,iw) btsp tps';f tps';f pa kjpna/

ca';fpa cs;sKk; capUk; jiHj;jpl ta';fpa fUiz kiH bghHp kiHna
fy';fpa cs;s Kk; capUk; jiHj;j plg; bghUj;j khf tps';Fk; bghHpfpd;w fUiz kiHna/ 358

(1520)

fyf;fk; ePf; fpj; fUiz kiHiag;

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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vd;ida[k; gzp bfhz;L vd;D ns epuk;g (1522) kd;dpa fUiz kiH bghHp kiHna
vd;ida[ k; cdf;F j; bjhz;L bra;gtdhf;fp vd;Dns g{uzkhf epiwe;J vd;bwd;Wk; khwhj fUiz kiH bghHpfpd;w kiHna/

cs';bfhSk; vdf;nf ctif nkw; bgh';fp ts';bfhsf; fUiz kiH bghHp kiHna

(1524)

cs;sj; jpny cd; idf; bfhz;l vdf;n f Mde; jkhdJ nkYk; nkYk; epuk;gpg; bgh';fp vy; yh ts';fSk; ehd; mila[k hW fUiz kiH bghHp kiHna/

eye;ju cly; caph; ey; mwpbtdf;nf kyh; kyh ;e;jplf; fUiz kiH bghHp kiHna
clYk; capUk; eyk; bgWkhW ey;ywpt[ tps';FkhW fUiz kiH bghHpfpd; w kiHna/

(1526) vdf;nf

J}a;ikahy; vdJ Jhpbryh ePf;fp ey; tha;ikahy; fUiz kiH bghHp kiHna

(1528)

J}a;ik vd;w vdJ xg;gw;w xGf; fj;jpdhy; vdJ Fw;w';f s; midj;j pida[ k; nghf; fp ey;y rj;jpa thrfj;j pdhy; fUiz kiHiag; bghHpfpd; w kiHna

btk;ky ,utJ tpo jUze;jdpy; brk;ikapy; cjpj;J sk; jpfH;e;j br";Rlnu

(1530)

btk;ik jUfpd; w Mztk; khia fd;kk; vd;fpd;w ky ,UshdJ tpyFk; neuj;jpy; brk;ikahd kdjpy; cjpj;J cs; sj;j pny tps';F fpd; w br";Rlnu/

jpiubayhk; jtph;j;J r; brt;t p cw;wh';nf (1532) tiubayhk; tps';f ta';F br";Rlnu
kiwg;ig bayhk; nghf;f pr; brt;itahf vidaile;J vy;yh Kog[fSk; vdf;F tps';FkhW tps';Fk; br";Rlnu/ 359

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myfpyhj; jiyth;fs; muR bra; jj;J t (1534) cybfyhk; tps';f X';F br";Rlnu
mstw;w jiyth;f s; Ml;r p bra;fpd;w cyf';f s; vy;yhk; tps';f X';F fpd; w br";Rlnu/ jj;Jt

Kd;D W ky ,Us; KGtJk; ePf;fpna vd;D s tiunky; vGe;j br";Rlnu

(1536)

vdf;F Kd; jhdhfnt mJthfnt te;J bfhz;o Uf;f pd;w Mztk; khia fd;kk; Mfpa ky m";"hdj;i j KGtJk; nghf; fp vdJ J}a cs;s khfpa kiynky; njhd;w pa br";Rlnu/ Fwpg;g[/ ; ky ,Us; jhd; Kjypy; tUkhk;

Mjpa[k; eLt[ld; me;jKk; fle;j n$hjpaha; vd; csk; N:H;e;j bka;r; Rlnu (1538)
Muk;gk;. eL. Kot[. vd;w brhw; fSf;nf gpufhrkha; vd; cs;sj;jpy; N:H ;e;j bka; ahd Rlnu/ mg;ghy;

cs; xsp X';fpl caph; xsp tps';fpl bts;bshsp fhl;oa bka;a Ul;fdny

(1540)

n$hjpa[ l; n$hjpa[l; n$hjpahd brt;b thsp tps';ft[ k ; caph; xspahdJ tps';FkhW bra;at[ k; btz; ik tz;zk; cila ngbuhspiaf; fhl;oa cz; ikahd mUl;fdny/

ey';bfhsg; g[hpe;jpL "hd ahfj;jpil ty"; RHpj;J vGe;J tsh;e;j bka;f; fdny

(1542)

ed;ikna mspg;gjw;fhfg; g[hpa[k; "hd ahfj;j pny tyg;ghfkhfr; RHpj; J vGe;J tsh;e ;j bka;f; fdny/ Fwpg;g[/ ; "hd ahfk; vd;gJ jtk;/

360

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ntjKk; Mfk tphpt[k; guk;gu ehjK'; fle;j "hd bka;f; fdny

(1544)

ntj';fSk;. Mfk';fSk; mitfspd; tphpt[f shd cgepc&j; Kjypadt[k; nkyhd ehj mDgtKk; fle;j "hd bka;f; fdny/

vz;z pa ez;z pa

vz;z pa vy;yhe;ju vDs; g[z ;z pa "hd bka;f; fdny

(1546)

ehd; vz;zpathnw vy;y htw;i wa[k; vdf;fUs vd; Ds; te;jile;j g[ z;zpak; epiwe; j "hd bka;f;f dny/

tyKW Rj;j rd;khh;f;f epiybgW eybkyh kspj;j "hd bka;f;fdny

(1548)

Mw;wy; kpf; f Rj; j rd; khh; f;f epiy jUfpd; w ed;ikfis bay;yhk; vdf;F mspj;j "hd bka;f; fdny/ Fwpg;g[/ ; Rj;j rd;khh;f; f epiy

gpw caph;fl;F Vw;glf; Toa ,ila{Wfis bay;yhk; tpyf;fp mjdhy; Vw;glf; Toa kfpH;r; rpapy; jpisg;gJk; "hd mDgtj;jpy; ,e;jphpa'; fSk; fuz';fSk; fle;j epiy bgWtJnk Rj;j rd;khh;f;f epiyahFk;/

,ubthL gfypyh ,ay; bghJ elkpL guk ntjhe;jg; guk; gu";Rlnu

(1550)

,ut[ gfy; mw;w ,lj;nj epidg; g[ kwg;g[ mw;w ,lj;nj "hd g{uz Mfhak; vDk; bghJtpy; elkpLfpd; w nkyhd ntjj; jpd; Kothd gu"; Rlnu/

tu epiw bghJtpil tsh;jpU elk;g [hp guk rpj;jhe;jg; gjp gu";Rlnu

(1552)

tu';fs; epiwe;j "hd g{uz Mfhak; vDk; bghJtpy; tsh;e;J bja;t elk;g[h pfpd;w nkyhd rpj;j he;j j;jpd; gjpahfpa gu";Rlnu/

361

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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rkur rj;jpar; rigapy; elk;g [hp rkur rj;jpaj; jw;Ra"; Rlnu

(1554)

vj;Jiza[k; ngjKwhj rk nehf;Fk;. bgha; fythj rj;jpaKk;. epiwe;j cs;s khfpa rigapny xspahf elk;g[hpa[ k ; vy;yhr; rkaj;jhh;f;Fk; bghJthfpa jhdhfpj; njhd;w p tps';F"; Rlnu/

rig vdJsk; vdj; jhdkh;e;bjdf;nf mgak; mspj;jnjhh; mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vdJ cs;s j;ij eP tps';F k; rigahff; mjpny eP (jhd;) mkh; e;J vdf; nf mgak; mUl; bgU";n $hjp/

(1556) bfhz;L mspj;j

kUbsyhk; jtph;j;J tubkyh'; bfhLj;nj (1558) mUsKjUj;jpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
cz;iknghy; njhw;wkspf;Fk; jtph;j; J vy;y h tu';f isa[k ; mspj;n j Cl;oa mUl; bgU"; n$hjp/ bgha;ahdtw;iwj; mUsKij vdf;F

thHp epd; nguUs; thHp epd;bgU";rPh ; MHp xd;wspj;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(1560)

vd;id MUkwpahJ kze; J bfhz;l mUl;bgU"; n$hjpna thHp epd;D ila bgUik kpf;f mUs;/ thHp epd;Dila bgU";bry;tk;/

vd;ida[k; bghUbsd vz;z p vd; csj;nj md;ida[k; mg;gDkhfp tPw;wpUe;J cyfpay; rpwpJk; csk; gpoah tif myfpy; nguUshy; mwptJ tpsf;fpr; rpWbewp bry;yhj; jpwdspj;J mHpahJ cWbewp czh;r;rp je;J xspa[wg; g[hpe;J rhfhf; fy;t papd; jubkyhk; czh;j;jppr; r;

362

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rhfh tuj;ija[k; je;J nkd; nkYk; md;iga[k; tpistpj;J mUl;ngbuhspahy; ,d;iga[k; epiwtpj;J vd;ida[k; epd;ida[k; XUUthf;fp[ ahd; cd;dpagobayhk; rPUwr; bra;J aph;j; jpwk; bgw mHpah mUsKjspj;jid mUs; epiy Vw;wpid mUswptspj;jid mUl;bgU";n$hjp/ (1561?1574)
vd;ida[ k; xU bghUl;l hf fUizahfpa md;idahft[k; epiwe; J tps';FtJld; vz; zp vd; mwpthfpa cs; sj;j pny mg;gDkha;

,e;j cyf tptfhu';fs; vJt[ k;. xUJspa[k; vd; cs;sj; jpny gw;w htif mstpy;y hj epd; nguUshy; ehd; mwpe; J bfhs;s ntz; oatw;i w vdf;F tpsf;f pf; fhl; or; rpW bewp. jP bewp vjpYk; bry;yhjthW cWjpiaa[k ; ty;yikiaa[k; je;J ehd; mila ntz;oa mjhtJ bgUbewp bry;tjw;Fhpa czh;r ;rpahdJ vd;Wk; mHpahJ tps';Fk;g o je; J mUl;ngbuhspahy; vy;yh tpsf;f ';fisa[k; mwpe; J bfhs;s r; bra;J rhfhj fy;t papd; mDgt epiyfisbay;yhk; ehd; ed;whf czUk;g or; bra;J. vd;W k; rhfh tuj;ija[ k ; mspj; J. nkYk; nkYk; cd; kPJ gf;j pia tpistpj;J mUs; epiwe; j ngbuhspapdhny ,d;gj;i jf; Fiwtpd;w pg; g{uzkhf vdf;F epiwa[ k;gor; bra; J vd;ida[ k; epd;i da[k; Xh; cUthf;fp ("hd tothf;f p) ehd; ntW eP ntW vd;wpy;yhJ xd;W gLj; jp ehd; vz;zpagobay;y hk; rpwg;gilar; bra;J capuhdJ jplk; bgw;W vd;Wk; thH. mHpahj mUsKjj;ij mspj;jPh ;. vd; id mUs; epiyf;F Vw;wpdPh;. vdf;F mUs; epiwe; j mwpita[k; mspj; jPh;/

363

mUl;b gU";n$hjp mfty; ciu

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bty;f epd; nguUs; bty;f epd; bgU";rPh ; (1576) my;fypd; nwh';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vdJ kd khiaia cdJ nguUshdJ btw; wp bfhs;s ntz;Lk;/ c';fs; bgU"; rPuhdJ btw;wp bgw ntz;Lk;/ g{uzkhf v';Fk; epiwe;j mUl;bgU"; n$hjp/ nkYk; rpwpa tpsf;fk;/ ; thpfs; 1561ypUe;J kPz;Lk; gof; f t[k;/ ,iwtd; ts;syhh;f;F mspj;j thH;t[ vj;jd; ikaJ vd;W rpe;jpa[';f s;/ ,t;tst[ bghpa epiy je;j ,iwtidg; gpd;tUk; thpfspy; cs;s Jnghy; nghw; wp epd;nguUs; nghw;wp epd; bgU";rPh ; vd;W ghuhl;lhJ bty; f epd; nguUs; vd;W Vd; vGjpdhh;> kdk; khiaf;F moik my; yth/ ,iwtd; ju ntz;oa midj;ija[k ; je;J tpl;lhh;/ ,iwtd; je;j nguUs; bgU";rP iutpl. khiaahfpa kdk; Mw; wy; bgw;wjha; ,Ue; J tpl;lhy;. vd;d bra;tJ> me;jg; nguUs;T l kdkhd khiaaplk; njhy;tpfhz tha;g;g [ cz;nlh> mUspaypy; vd;id <h;f;Fk; epd; nguUSf;Fk; cyfpaypy; vd; idj; js;Sk; khiaapd; moikahfpa kdjpw;F k; nghuhl;lk; Vw;gl;l hy;. ,iwth mUisf; bfhLj;J tpl;n lhnk vd;W ngrhky; ,Ue; J tplhnj/ xU je;ijapd; flik jd; bgz;Qqf;Fj; jpUkzk; bra;Jtpj;J ntz;oa rPh;thpirfis mspj; Jf; fztDld; mDg;gptpl;l hy; kl;Lk; Koe;J tpLtjpy;i y/ m';F jd; bgz; ed;whf thH; fpd; whsh vd;W k; fz;f hzpf;f ntz;Lk;/ mt;thnw cd; nguUis khiaapd; moikahfpa kdk; btd;W tplhky; eP ghh;j ;Jf; bfhs;thahf/ vd; kdij epd; nguUs; bty; yl;Lk;/ epd; bgU";rP h; bty;yl;Lk; vd;W gpuhh;j ;jpf; fpd;whh;/

364

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cyFaph;j; jpubsyhk; xsp bewp bgw;wpl ,yFk; Ie;bjhHpiya[k; ahd; braj; je;jid (1578)
cyfpny ,Uf; fpd; w vy; yh $Pth;f Sk; xsp bewp milag; gilj;jy;. fhj; jy;. JhpR ePf;Ftpj;jy;. gf;Ftk; tUtpj;j y;. tpsf; fk; bra;tpj; j y; Mfpa Ie;J bjhHpy;fisa[k; ehd; bra;a [k;goj; je;jP nu/

nghw;wp epd; nguUs; nghw;wp epd; bgU";rPh ; (1580) Mw;wypd; X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vy;iyaw;w Mw;wypdhy; ahtw;wpDk; rpwg;g[ilajha; tps';Fk; mUs; epiwe;j xsp totha; j; njhd;wpatnu/ cd; nguUs; nghw;wg;gLtjhf cd; rPUk; nghw;wg;gLtjhf/

K:tUk; njtUk; Kj;jUk; rpj;jUk; ahtUk; bgw;wplh ,ay; vdf;fspj;jid/
gpUk;kh. tpc;&Qq. Uj;ud; Mfpa K:tUk;. njth;fSk; Kj; jh;fSk;. rpj; jh;fSk; ahtUk; milahj ,ay; ig vdf;fspj;jha;/

(1580) kw;iwa ,Jtiu

nghw;wp epd; nguUs; nghw;wp epd; bgU";rPh ; (1584) Mw;wypd; X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
ty;ygj;j py; X';fpa mUl; bgU";n $hjp j';fspd; nguUs; nghw;wg;gLtjhf ? j';fspd; nghw;wg; gLtjhf/ Mz; ltnu bgU";rP Uk;

rpj;jpfs; midj;ija[k; bjsptpj;bjdf;nf rj;jpa epiy jidj; jatpdpy; je;jid (1586)
rpj;jpfs; vy;y htw;i wa[k; vdf;Fj; bjspthf ed;F mwptpj;J. rj;jpa epiyiaa[ k; cdJ jatpdhy; vdf;F mspj; jid/

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bgU"; nghw;wp epd; nguUs; nghw;wp epd; bgU";rPh ; (1588) Mw;wypd; X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
rf;jp kpFe;J X';fpa mUl; bgU"; n $hjp Mz;ltnu j';fspd; nguUs; nghw;wg;gLtjhf/ j';f spd; bgU";rPU k; nghw;wg;gLtjhf/

cyfpdpy; caph;fSf;F Wk; ,ila{bwyhk; tpyf ePa ile;J tpyf;F f kfpH;f

(1590)

,e;j cyfj;j py; $Pt h;fs; gLk; Jd;g';fis eP (mj; Jd;g';f is) mile;J tpyf;Fthahf ? Jd;gk; eP';f p mit mila[k ; ,d;gk; fz;L eP kfpH;thahf/ rpW tpsf; fk;/ ; eP mile;J vd;gjw;F m';F brd; W vd;W bghUs; gz;zf; TlhJ/ Vbddpy; Rj;j njfk; bgw;wth; fshy; ,Ue;j ,lj; jpypUe; J bfhz;nl vija[k; bra;a Koa[k;/ rhpj;j puj; jpy; cw%kha{d; ve;j nehahy; tUe;jpdhnuh me;j nehia mtuJ je;ij ghgh; gpuhh; j;jidahy; jhd; mile; J jd; kfidf; fhg;ghw; wpdhuhk;/ mjhtJ kfd; nehiaj; jhd; mile; J fhg;g hw;w pdhh;/ xU Kiw tlY}h; rj; jpa jUkr; rhiyapy; gzpg[hpe;j mj;jid ngUf;Fk; fha;r; ry; fz;L tpl;ljhk;/ ek; bgUkhdhh; xt;bthUthplKk; jhd; brd;W @vdf;Ff; bfhLj;J tpLfpwhah@ vd;W nfl;lhuhk;/ vy;nyhuJ fha;r;r Yk; ,tUf;F te;J tpl; ljhk;/ ,th; mdy; kakhf xU g[wk; rw;W neuk; mkh;e ;J jd;idf; Fzg;gLj; jpf; bfhz;l huhk;/ m';F gzp g[hpe;jth; fs; m;gnghnj Fzkile;J tpl;lhh;fshk;/ cyfpy; $Pth;fs;gLk; Jd;gj;ij ts;syhh; mile; J $Pth;fisf; fhg;g hw;Wthh;/ ,J ts;syhUf;F Mz;ltd; ,l;l fl;lis/ ,ij ts;syhh; kPw khl;l hh;/ ,e;j cyf kf; fs; ,ij ed;F czh;e; J j'; fSf;F ,ila{W neU';fhy; ts; syhhplk; Kiwapl ntz;Lk;/ Mz;ltd; fl;l isg;go me;j caph; fSf;Fw;w ,ila{iw 366

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ts;syhh; eP f;Fthh;/ ,e;j mjpfhuj; ij Mz; ltd; ntW ahUf;Fk; mspj; jjhf tuyhW ,y;iy/ vdnt ts; syhiu kl;Lk; ntz;o ,ila{Wfis mWj;J vwpnthk;/

Rj;j rd;khh;f;f Rf epiy bgWf cj;jkd; MFf X';F f vd;wid

(1592)

Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiy mDgtj; ijg; bgWthahf/ cj;jkdhfp X';f p tsh;thahf vd;W Twpid/ Rj;j rd;khh;f; f Rf epiy/; vy;yh $Pth;f splj; Jj; jat[k; gpug";rj;j pd; kP J btWg;g[k; ,iwtd; kPJ khwhj md;g[ k; bfhz;L. $PtfhUz;aj;j hYk; xGf;fj; jpdhYk; gf; jpapdhYk; jtj;jhYk; ,iwaUs; bgw;W mt;t Ushy; gpw caph;f s;gLk; Jd;gj;i j epth;j ;jp bra;J rpw;r igapy; guehj epiy mDgtj;jpy; ngbuhsp fz;L. bjs;sKjk; cz;L. bghw;rigapy; bghd; bdhsp fz;L "hd rigapy; brt;bthspa[ld; fyf;fg; bgw;W ,; j;J}y njfj;ijr; Rj;jg; gpuzt "hd njfkhf Mf;f pf; bfhz;L vf; fhyj;J k; vjdhYk; jilglhj xg;gw;wg; nghpd;gg; bgUthH; itg; bgw;W ,;j;J}y njfj; ijna epj;jpa njfkhf;fp vd;Wk; mHpahky; flt[s; kakhfp thH;jny Rj; j rd;khh; f;fr; Rf epiy xUthW/

nghw;wp epd; nguUs; nghw;wp epd; bgU";rPh ; (1594) Mw;wypd; X';fpa mUl;bgU";n$hjp
vy;yhtw;wpDk; rpwe; j mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz;ltnu epd; epd; bgU";r Ph; nghw;wg;gLtjhf/ Mw;w iy cila nguUs; nghw; wg;gLtjhf

mUl;bgU";n$hjp mUl;bgU";n$hjp

mUl;bgU";n$hjp mUl;bgU";n$hjp

(1596)

Vkrpj; jp. rhfhf;f y;tp. jj; Jt epf;fpuk; bra; jy;. flt[s; epiyawpe;J mk;kakhjy; Mfpa ehd;F bgUk;

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g[Uc&hh;j ;j'; fisa[ k; mspj;Jtpl; O h;/ Fw;wnk totha; ,Ue;j vd;Dila kdk;. g[j ;jp. rpj;jk;. mf';fhuk; Mfpa ehd;F fuz';fSk; Fw;w k; eP ';fpg; g[dpjkhapd/ rpw;rig. bghw;rig. "hdrig. Mfpa K:d ;W rigfspYk; tps';Fk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu te;jdk;/ Kr;Rlh;fSk; xsp bgw Mz;ltnu te;j dk; te;jdk;/ mUSk; mUl; bgU";n $hjp

mz;l j;jpy; ehd;F ,l';f spYk;
gpz;lj; jpy; ehd;F ,l';fspYk; flt[l; gpufhrk; fhhpaj;jhYs;sJ/ mitahtd/; mz;lj;jpy; mfk; mfg;g[wk; g[wk; mf;fpdp N:hpad; re;jpud; gpz;lj; jpy; Md;kh $Ptd; kdk; g[ j;jp rpj;jk; mf';f huk; cs;sk; Mfpa me;jf; fuz';f s;/ bka;. tha;. fz;. K:f;F. brtp Mfpa ,e;jphpa';f s;

g[wg;g[wk;

el;rj; jpuk;

vy;yhk; ty;y rpj;J vdf;f spj; J gpUk;kh tpc;&Qq Uj;ud; knf!;tud; rjhrptd; Mfpa ItU'; Tlf; fhzf; fpilf; fhj mUl;bgU";n$hjp ,iwtd; vdJ Md;k htpYk;. vdJ $PtdpYk;. vdJ fuz';fspYk;. vdJ ,e;jphpa';f spYk; Mf ehd; vd;W brhy;yf; Toa ehd;F ,l';fspYk; fye;J bfhz; ljhy; vdJ mfk;. mfg;g[wk;. g[wk;. g[wg;g[wk; Mfpa ehd;Fk; vdjhf ,y;yhky; mtDilajhfptpl;lJ/ mtnd ,itfs; vy;yhkha; tps';Ftjhy; me;j mUl;bgU";n$hjp vd;Ds; ghpg{uzkhff; fye;J tps';Ffpd;wJ/ vdJ Md;k h Kjy; ,e; jphpa';fs; 368

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tiu ehd;F ,l';fspYk; fye;J tps';Ffpd;w mUl; bgU";n $hjp vd; Mz;ltnu vd;idj; jhdhf;f pa mUl; bgU";n $hjp Mz; ltnu te;jdk;/ Fwpg;g[/ ; vy;yh ,iw mDgt';fisa[k; ts;s yhh; bgw;W ,iwtdhfnt Ie;bjhHpYk; bra;a f; Toa Mw;wy; bgw;wtuhfjhd; tps';Ftija[k ; mtUila mfk;. g[wk;. mfg;g[wk;. g[wg; g[wk; Mfpa ehd;Fk; mUl;bgU";n$hjpahfnt tps';Ftija[k ; czh;j; jnt mUl;bgU";n$hjp ehd; F Kiw tpspf;fg;gl;lJ/

jp UtUl;gpufhr ts;s yhh;
jpUtofns ruzk; ts;sy; kyuo thH; f thH;f vy;yh caph; fSk; ,d;g[w ;W thH; f ,uhkyp';f mgak; Jiz

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,uhkyp';f mgak; Jiz
,g;g[j;jfk; btsptug; g[z;zpathd;fs;/ ek; bgUkhdhh; Rfkhf ePL thH;thh;fshf/ bghUSjtp ey; yUs; Jiz bra; j bgw;Wr;

jpUthsh; fs;
1/ rk;ge;j k; mth;f s;. rRrr r';fk;. rPh; fhHp 2/ gunk!;tud; mth;f s;. bg'; fS:h; 3/ Uj;uK:h;j ;jp mth;f s;. bg';fS:h; 4/ C.V. jphpg[uhe;jfd; mth;fs;. brd; id 5/ jpU/ V. rk;gj; mth; fs;. brd;i d 6/ e/ tujuhrdhh; mth;fs;. brd; id 7/ e/ rhe;j p "hdKj; J mth;fs;. brd;i d 8/ gh/ ,uhkyp';f k; mth;fs;. brd;id 9/ jpUkjp/ fkyk;?ghyKUfhde;jk; mth;f s;. brd; id 10/ jpUkjp/ rptfhkp mk;k hs;. bg';fS:h ; 11/ g[yth; fnzrd; mth;fs;. irij 12/ jpUkjp/ ky;y pfh mth; fs;. brd;i d 13/ jpUkjp/ rFe;j yh?rptuh$d; mth;fs;. brd;id 14/ jpUkjp/ n$hjp nfhjz; lk; mth; fs;. brd;id 15/ jpU/ M. b$ar;re;jpud; mth;f s;. brd;i d 16/ jpU/ M. Re;juk; mth;fs;. brayhsh;. rd;khh;f;f r'; fk;. njdhk;ngl;i l. brd;id 17/ jpU/ rptjl;rpzhK: h;j; jp mth;f s;. brd; id 18/ jpU/ f/ ehfyp';fk; mth;fs;. brd; id 19/ jpU/ f/ Vfhk;guk; mth;f s;. brd;id

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