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Fluid Mechanics Problem Set

# Fluid Mechanics Problem Set

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09/30/2013

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# MECE3100IntroductiontoMechanicsofFluidsFall2013

HOMEWORKASSIGNMENT#4
DueFriday,October4,2013

Questions:

1. Derivethesecondlawofthermodynamicsforcontrolvolume

Problems:

Problem 4.75 [Difficulty: 2]
Problem 4.110

Problem 4.131 [Difficulty: 2]

Problem 4.141 [Difficulty: 2]
MECE3100IntroductiontoMechanicsofFluidsFall2013

PRACTICE/EXTRACREDITPROBLEMS:

Problem *4.158 [Difficulty: 3]

CS moving
at speed U
c
d
Given: Water jet striking moving disk
Find: Acceleration of disk when at a height of 3 m
Solution:
Basic equations: Bernoulli; Momentum flux in z direction (treated as upwards) for linear accelerating CV
p
ρ
V
2
2
+ g z · + constant =
Assumptions: 1) Steady flow 2) Incompressible flow 3) Atmospheric pressure in jet 4) Uniform flow (All in jet)
The Bernoulli equation becomes
V
0
2
2
g 0 · +
V
1
2
2
g z z
0
÷
( )
· + = V
1
V
0
2
2 g · z
0
z ÷
( )
· + =
V
1
15
m
s
·
|

\
|
.
2
2 9.81 ×
m
s
2
· 0 3 ÷ ( ) · m · + = V
1
12.9
m
s
=
The momentum equation becomes
W ÷ M a
rfz
· ÷ w
1
ρ ÷ V
1
· A
1
·
( )
· w
2
ρ V
2
· A
2
·
( )
· + = V
1
U ÷
( )
ρ ÷ V
1
U ÷
( )
· A
1
·

¸
(
¸
· 0 + =
Hence a
rfz
ρ V
1
U ÷
( )
2
· A
1
· W ÷
M
=
ρ V
1
U ÷
( )
2
· A
1
·
M
g ÷ =
ρ V
1
U ÷
( )
2
· A
0
·
V
0
V
1
·
M
g ÷ = using V
1
A
1
· V
0
A
0
· =
a
rfz
1000
kg
m
3
· 12.9 5 ÷ ( )
m
s
·

¸
(
(
¸
2
× 0.005 × m
2
·
15
12.9
×
1
30 kg ·
× 9.81
m
s
2
· ÷ = a
rfz
2.28
m
s
2
=
Problem *4.175

Problem 4.195 [Difficulty: 3]
Problem 4.205 |DiIIiculty: 3|
Given: Data on centriIugal water pump
Find: Pump eIIiciency
Solution:
Basic equations:
(4.56)
∆p SG
Hg
ρ · g · ∆h · = η
W
s
P
in
=
Available data: D
1
0.1 m · = D
2
0.1 m · = Q 0.02
m
3
s
· = P
in
6.75 kW · =
ρ 1000
kg
m
3
= SG
Hg
13.6 = h
1
0.2 ÷ m · = p
2
240 kPa · =
Assumptions: 1) Adiabatic 2) Only shaIt work 3) Steady 4) Neglect ǻu 5) ǻz ÷ 0 6) Incompressible 7) UniIorm Ilow
Then W
s
÷ p
1
v
1
·
V
1
2
2
+
|

\
|
.
m
rate
÷
( )
· p
2
v
2
·
V
2
2
2
+
|

\
|
.
m
rate
( )
· + =
Since m
rate
ρ Q · = and V
1
V
2
= (Irom continuity)
W
s
÷ ρ Q · p
2
v
2
· p
1
v
1
· ÷
( )
· = Q p
2
p
1
÷
( )
· =
p
1
ρ
Hg
g · h · = or p
1
SG
Hg
ρ · g · h
1
· = p
1
26.7 ÷ kPa · =
W
s
Q p
1
p
2
÷
( )
· = W
s
η
W
s
P
in
= η 79.0 ° · =
Problem *4.180

Problem 4.200 [Difficulty: 4] Part 1/3
Problem *4.180

Problem 4.200 [Difficulty: 4] Part 1/3
MECE3100IntroductiontoMechanicsofFluidsFall2013

Problem 4.189

Problem 4.210 [Difficulty: 3]
Problem 4.211 |DiIIiculty: 4|
Given: Data on helicopter-type craIt
Find: Air speed; Minimum power needed
Solution:
Basic equation: Contunity, z momentum; First Law oI Thermodynamics Ior a CV; Bernoulli; Ideal gas
÷ 0
p
ρ
V
2
2
+ g z · + const = p ρ R
air
· T · = ∆h c
p
∆T · =
Assumptions: 1) Atmospheric at exit 2) Standard air 3) UniIorm properties at exit 4) Incompressible
Given data M 1000 kg · = p 101 kPa · = T 15 °C = D
o
4.5 m · = D
i
4.25 m · = R
air
286.9 N · m ·
kg K ·
=
Then A
1
π
4
D
o
2
· = A
1
15.9 m
2
= A
2
π
4
D
o
2
D
i
2
÷
|
\
|
.
· = A
2
1.72 m
2
= ρ
p
R
air
T ·
= ρ 1.222
kg
m
3
=
From continuity 0 ρ ÷ V
1
· A
1
·
( )
ρ V
2
· A
2
·
( )
+ = or V
1
A
2
A
1
V
1
· =
From momentum p
1g
÷ A
1
· M g · ÷ w
1
ρ ÷ V
1
· A
1
·
( )
· w
2
ρ V
2
· A
2
·
( )
· + = w
1
V
1
÷ = w
2
V
1
÷ = and ρ V
1
· A
1
· ρ V
2
· A
2
· =
Then p
1g
÷ A
1
· M g · ÷ V
1
ρ · V
1
· A
1
· V
2
ρ · V
2
· A
2
· ÷ = ρ ÷ V
2
· A
2
· V
2
V
1
÷
( )
· =
For this Ilow Bernoulli also applies between the atmosphere and location 1 p
atm
p
1
1
2
ρ · V
1
2
· + = p
1g
1
2
÷ ρ · V
1
2
· =
Using continuity p
1g
A
1
·
1
2
÷ ρ · V
1
2
· A
1
· =
1
2
÷ ρ · V
2
· A
2
· V
1
· =
1
2
÷ ρ · V
2
2
· A
2
·
A
2
A
1
· =

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