Sub: Chemistry

Topic: GeneralChemistry

Question:
Phosphorous trichloride can be produced from the reaction of phosphorous, which is an allotrope of phosphorous with the formula P4, with chlorine. If 1.00g P4 reacts with 1.00 g chlorine, which reactant is the limiting reactant? What mass of product may be produced?
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Solution:
The balanced reaction is: P4 + 6Cl2 --> 4PCl3

CONVERT GIVEN INFORMATION INTO MOLES MOLE= MASS/MOLAR MASS P4=1g/123.88=0.008mol Cl2=1g/70.9=0.0140mol

Required mole ratio of P4 : Cl2=1:6=1/6=0.17 Actual mole ratio of P4 : Cl2=0.008:0.0140=0.008/0.0140=0.57

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Sub: Chemistry

Topic: GeneralChemistry

Since Required mole ratio is less than Actual mole ratio chlorine is limiting reactant. 0.0140molx4/6=0.092mol PCl3 MASS=MOLEXMOLAR MASS=0.0092molX137.32gmol=1.26g

The chlorine is the limiting reactant, and the mass of product produced will be 1.26g.

** End of the Solution **

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