FORM 1: Poem `THE RIVER’ By Valerie Bloom
The River’s a wanderer, A nomad, a tramp, He doesn’t choose one place To set up his camp. The River’s a winder, Through valley and hill He twists and he turns, He just cannot be still. The River’s a hoarder, And he buries down deep Those little treasures That he wants to keep. The River’s a baby, He gurgles and hums, And sounds like he’s happily Sucking his thumbs. The River’s a singer, As he dances along, The countryside echoes The notes of his song. The River’s a monster Hungry and vexed, He’s gobbled up trees And he’ll swallow you next Valerie Bloom
ELEMENTS OF THE POEM :
STRUCTURE, STYLES AND LANGUAGE
The poem has a rhyme scheme of 'a, b, c , b' and it consists of 6 stanzas. The style is simple and direct. It is written as a descriptive account of the movements of a river. The language is simple and easy to understand.
Keep good memories of life and people close to our heart. MORAL VALUES
We must strive for stability in life. The River is repeated and this gives emphasis to the subject. man collects mementos and souvenirs. Face our problems positively. Value and appreciate life's experiences. Take care of the environment by not cutting down trees and polluting the river. Man may face challenges in life and this can prompt him to destruction. a dancer and singer and a destroyer. a baby. a winder. Do not take the wrong road to reach one's goal. But. Greed can lead to destruction. Contentment brings happiness and man moves with a light step of heart. The river winds its way through the countryside happily. Metaphor : The river is said to be a wanderer.POETIC DEVICE:
Personification : The river is personified as a man as he travels through life. Do not destroy other people in the process.
. the river can cause erosion and flood. Imagery : The main image that is that of the river and its movements. Man can choose to lead a stable life and stay put in one place or move around in search of his dreams. THEMES The main theme of the poem is man and life. Simile : The river is like a baby happily sucking his thumb
SETTING The poem is set in the countryside as the persona talks about the river and its features and movements. During his travels. man may choose the straight path or the road less traveled. Spread happiness to people we know or meet along the way. The use of capital letter in 'River' emphasizes this. a collector. Show and express gratitude when necessary. Repetition : The words. As he travels around.
Through valley and hill. As he dances along. He twists and he turns. contemplative and carefree. A nomad. Exercise 1 Read the poem "The River" by Valerie Bloom and identify keywords that show human qualities in each stanza. There is a note of regret in the last stanza when the persona thinks of the destructive side of the river as it can destroy nature and man. The River’s a monster Hungry and vexed. And sounds like he’s happily sucking his thumbs. The River’s a hoarder. The river brings joy and the persona feels joyous when she looks at the river. He’s gobbled up trees And he’ll swallow you next.
The River’s a wanderer. The tone is reflective as the persona reflects on the mood of the river as it journeys through hills and valleys. He doesn't choose one place To set up his camp. And he buries down deep Those little treasures That he wants to keep. The countryside echoes The notes of his song. The River’s a winder. The River’s a singer.TONE AND MOOD The tone is conversational. a tramp. He just cannot be still. He gurgles and hums. The River’s a baby.
Hoarders always throw away their things. If one is vexed. it makes ____________ (6) sounds. 7. The hill is a winder. The river does not stay in the same place. Sometimes it can be a ____________ (2) and has to beg as it flows along. The river is personified in the poem. Like any hoarder. As it does not stay long in the same place.EXERCISE 2 Write TRUE or FALSE for each statement below. Like a baby. 6. 10. 9. 2. 3. 1. The river can sing notes of its songs. As a wanderer. The river is given human qualities in the poem. the river gurgles. the river can be a ____________ (7) too for it _____________ (8) people who fall into it. While flowing. one is annoyed. The river stops flowing every night. 4. When it does this. 8. it twists and ___________ (4) through hills and valleys. The river makes unhappy sounds when humming. It sometimes gurgles like a baby. 5. ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________
Choose the words given to fit the numbered blank. it __________ (1) from place to place. The river flows away the treasure it buries. it does not set its __________ (3)anywhere. However. it ___________ (5) whatever treasures it comes across.
A. A....... A.. A........ place C.. simile B. a play C............ drown D.. is loud B. This is called . rhyme B. is soft C. antonym D.. camp B. fields B.... swim C. metaphor C.... the 'notes' refer to . By gobbling trees... tools C.. a speech
8... The word 'swallow' can be replaced with . A. A........purrs
5.. A...... bury
. The river is compared to a human being. healthy
10.... ferns D.. When a sound echoes......Exercise 4
Choose the best answer for each question. singer
2. tramp D.. noun
7.. give away his things D... destructive C. In stanza 5... The word 'turns' rhymes with . nomad D.... The persona in the poem describes a . A. buy a lot of things B. simile C.. A hoarder is likely to . A... personification
3. river B... it . the river is being . In the first stanza. productive B. hurts our ears D. synonym D.. a dance B.. fruitful D.. pull B. monster C.. the river is being described as a ..... A. The word 'gurgles' in the poem is an example of a . a song D. dancer
4... sell goods
6. travels away and comes back
9. 1.... keep a lot of things C...
SECTION B : LITERATURE COMPONENT Read the poem `The River’ and answer the questions that follow. What does the pronoun `you’ in Line 4. What are the main themes of the poem? i) ____________________________________________________ ii) _____________________________________________________ 2. What is the river compared to in Stanza 3? How is it described? ___________________________________________________________ (2 marks) SET 2 1. Stanza 6 refer to? _________________________________________________________ (1 mark) (2 mark) (2 mark)
. _____________________________________________________________ (2 marks) 2. Name two actions performed by the river in Stanza 5. What does the river hide in Stanza 3 ? ____________________________________________________________ (1 mark) SET 3 1. _________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 2.MODEL QUESTION PAPER 2 . Find one pair of rhyming words in Stanza 2. SET 1 1. What is the mood of the River in Stanza 4 and 5? ________________________________________________________ (1 mark) 2. The line ‘He just cannot be still’ in Stanza 2 means that the River _________________________________________________________ SET 4 1.
Who leaves the door ajar. don’t you see. The ink we never spill. Author Unknown
. Who had them last but he? There’s no one tosses them about But Mr. We never leave the blinds unclosed. Nobody I know a funny little man. And scatters pins afar. the boots That lying round you see Are not our boots – they all belong To Mr. As quiet as a mouse. Nobody.POEM : `MR NOBODY’ By Unknowned Author
Mr. prithee. ‘Tis he who always tears our books. That kettles cannot boil. For. Nobody. Who does the mischief that is done In everybody’s house! There’s no one ever sees his face. Nobody. He puts damp wood upon the fire. To let the curtains fade. Nobody. That squeaking door will always squeak. The papers always are mislaid. He pulls the buttons from our shirts. The finger marks upon the door By none of us are made. And yet we all agree That every plate we break was cracked By Mr. His are the feet that bring in mud. And all the carpets soil. We leave the oiling to be done By Mr.
We must work together to look after the family home. His behavior messes up the house. we.
Responsibility for one’s action. Nobody is a non-person so he is the best person to push the blame to. There is one voice but several character are involved – I. Have respect for other’s property. Nobody. Respect for family members. They tend to put the blame on others.ELEMENTS OF THE POEM :
TYPE OF POEM A poem on life. TITLE A suitable title because the purpose is to blame nobody. The poet is also the persona. SUBJECT Behaving badly and not owning up. Cultivate a good habit. Value and appreciate things at home Practice discipline wherever and whenever necessary. PERSONA It is the poet’s voice. Truth and honesty. SETTING The poem is set in the house as the persona talks about the situation in the house. Very few people own up when they create a problem. Things get broken. We must be tidy all the time. misplaced and thrown around by an unseen person.
. ·Appreciate the person who has to clean up after us. Mr. TONE The topic is serious but the tone is casual.
Nobody is not responsible for the cracks of the plates in the house. Mr. The poet is also the persona. carpets soiled. Every stanza ends with Mr. Nobody. ink…spilled. Imagery : Images of mess . We agree that every house has a Mr. cracked. ____________
. Simile : As quiet as a mouse. ____________ 5. Old expressions are used – prithee. Nobody. papers mislaid. break. Nobody. There is one voice but several character are involved – I. Nobody moves in and out like a thief unseen. Metaphor : the door ajar is like saying Mr. LANGUAGE Simple and direct. curtains fade. The squeaking door will always squeak as though it is a mouse. door ajar Hear – quiet. Everyone knows who Mr. 3. we. Mr. finger marks upon the door. Mr. We can see contrast or irony no one ever sees his face…yet we all agree that he is the mischief maker.PERSONA It is the poet’s voice. 1. Nobody refers to a person and a non-person. Nobody is. marks.mud. ____________ ____________ ____________
4. 2. Nobody likes to read books. The uses of senses
See – mud. Nobody”. squeak Touch – damp
Exercise 1 Read the poem " Mr. Write TRUE or FALSE for each statement below. tears. books. boots lying around. Mr. Double meaning is used to create humor such as Mr. This is used to express sarcasm DEVICES A limited rhyming pattern – only lines 2 and 4 of each stanza rhyme. Nobody is expected to oil the squeaking door. Lying means not telling the truth or being found all over.
Nobody has put in _________ (8) wood.6. Nobody is supposed to oil the door. Nobody. There are ink __________ (10) around. Nobody. The fire cannot burn properly because Mr. 9. The curtains fade due to sunlight.
____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________
Exercise 2 Choose the words given to fit the numbered blank. The fire is burning properly and the water is boiling. 10.Mr. There are dirty finger marks on the door. 7. He does things like ___________(4) pages from books.
buttons Mr. The squeaking door will continue to _____________(7) because Mr. pulls ____________(5) from shirts and scatters _______ (6). leaves doors ajar. The floor and carpet has muddy ____________ (9). The boots do not belong to Mr. He does a lot of _____________(3) and yet no one has seen his face.
The persona says every household has a funny little man called _________________(1) He moves around as ____________ (2) as a mouse. does not draw the blinds and leaves his boots around the house. 8. Nobody also leaves finger marks upon the door. The carpet is soiled by Mr.
The persona calls Mr Nobody a funny little man. C blaming a non-existent person. B moves around noisily.Exercise 3 Choose the best answer for each question.
B protecting Mr. D behaves disoderly.
What is the poetic used in the line above? A Simile B Personification C Symbol
3. Nobody is someone who A is fun to be with B makes people laugh C has a lot of jokes to tell D acts in strange manner
‘That squeaking door will always squeak’
4. Nobody. D reprimanding the mischief maker. This means that Mr.
. the persona is A advising Mr.
The simile `as quiet as a mouse’ means A doing things quietly and secretly. 1.
In the poem. C making scatching sounds. Nobody.
There will be marks on the door. The colour of the curtains will fade.
The fires are not burning properly because the wood is A B C D damp brittle too dry too thick
The tone of the poem is A B C D accusing praising scolding understanding
10.5. cracking it. C D dropping it. Nobody is blamed for A B hiding it. There will be ink stains on the floor.
7. What will happen if the blinds are not closed? A B C D The carpet will be soiled.
When someone breaks a plate. covering up
. Nobody likes to A play outside B do housework C clean his boots D walk on carpets
9. 6. we can say that Mr.
What word can be replaced by ‘mislaid’ ? A Mistaken B Misplaced C Hidden D Destroyed
Based on the poem. Mr.
Why is Mr.SECTION B : LITERATURE COMPONENT Read the poem `Mr. Why are the papers missing? _______________________________________________________________ 2. Nobody leave on the door?
2. SET 1 1. Nobody compared to? _____________________________________________________ 2.MODEL QUESTION PAPER 2 . What does Mr. What is Mr. give two examples of mischief done by Mr. In stanza 2. Nobody. i) ______________________________________________________ ii) ______________________________________________________ (2 marks) (1 mark)
SET 2 1. Give a reason why the water in the kettle cannot boil? ______________________________________________________ (1 mark) (2 marks)
SET 3 1. Nobody as quiet as a mouse?
________________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
. Nobody’ and answer the questions that follow.
What causes the curtain to fade? ______________________________________________________ (1 mark)
2. Nobody’? _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ (2 marks)
. Why does the writer say everyone agrees that ‘every plate we break was cracked by Mr. What are the possible themes for the poem? i) ______________________________________________________ ii) ______________________________________________________ (2 marks) (1 mark)
SET 5 1. What is the tone of the poem? ______________________________________________________ 2.SET 4 1.