DESIGN OF TWO-WAY SLAB

Design Specifications:
Coefficient Method:
Yield Stresses:
fy
fc'

276
20.7

Mpa
Mpa

Loading:
Service Live Load
Service Dead Load

6
2

Kpa
Kpa

Slab:
M Ratio
L - Long span
S - Short span
Slab h
Concrete cover

0.70

Two - way Slab
8.5
6
120
25

Case Number (#)

4

Slab Reinforcement: diam. Ǿ
Bar Area

10
78.54

Check for Shear:
Short Direction:
Long Direction:
Reinforcement Ratio:
1.4/fy
<ρ>
0.0051
0.01

Case #
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Excluding slab weight)

m.
m.
mm
mm

=>

Min. h
161

One long one short discontinues
mm
mm²

L
o
n
g
i
B
t
a
u
r
d
i
n
a
l

Check for Effective Depth:

SAFE!!!!!
SAFE!!!!!

OK
OK

.75ρb
0.0278

Description
All Four Edges discontinues
All Four Edges continues
Two long edges discontinues
One long one short discontinues
Two short edges discontinues
Two short one long edge discontinues
Two long one short edges discontinues
One long edge discontinues
One short edge discontinues

Philippine Standard reinforcing Bars
R - Bar
Area
Diameter
6 mm
28.27
6
10 mm
78.54
10
12 mm
113.09
12
15 mm
176.71
15
20 mm
314.15
20
25 mm
490.86
25
28 mm
615.73
28
32 mm
804.22
32

Table. 1. COEFFICIENTS OF NEGATIVE MOMENTS IN SLABS
Ma, neg. = Ca, neg WLa²
Mb, neg. = Cb,neg.WLb²
M=
0.70
Ratio:
Coef.
M=La/Lb
Ca, neg.
1
Cb, neg.
Ca, neg.
0.95
Cb, neg.
Ca, neg.
0.9
Cb, neg.

Where: W = Total dead + Live Load
Case #

4

1
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
0.045
0.045
0.05
0.041
0.055
0.037

3
0
0.076
0
0.072
0
0.07

Case #
5
0.05
0.075
0.05
0
0.055
0.079
0.045
0
0.06
0.08
0.04
0

4

6
0.071
0
0.075
0
0.079
0

7
0
0.071
0
0.065
0
0.062

8
0.033
0.061
0.038
0.056
0.043
0.052

9
0.061
0.033
0.065
0.029
0.068
0.025

007 0.081 0.017 0.004 0.032 0. Cb.057 0 0.092 0.022 0.086 0 0. pos dL = Ca.017 0.009 0.009 0.033 0.021 0.024 0 0. neg. neg.02 0.08 0. pos. neg.017 0.027 0. neg.046 0. neg.011 0.086 0.031 0.035 0.008 Ca.026 0.016 0.096 0 0.026 Ca.088 0 0.8 0.007 0.65 0.002 6 0.034 0.083 0 0.088 0.043 0 0.006 Where: W = Total uniform deadload 4 2 0. dL 0. neg.088 0 0.09 0 0.6 0.032 0.026 0.074 0.045 0. 0. dL.006 0.046 0.029 0. dL 0. dL.045 0.085 0.70 Case # Ratio: Coef.027 0.04 0.022 0. dL 0.022 0. Ca.015 0.019 Ca.019 0.011 0.024 0.007 0.0.095 0.043 0.085 0.016 Ca.036 1 Cb.009 0.021 0.024 0.033 0.028 0.051 0 0.003 0. 0.081 0.007 0.005 0.051 0.084 0. neg.017 0. dL.032 0.054 0.006 0.071 0.085 0 0.039 0.027 0.027 0.004 9 0.011 0.039 0. dL 0.006 0.088 0.032 0.014 0.018 0.062 0.014 0.041 0.052 0.061 0 0.028 0.dLWLb² M= 0. neg.033 0.03 0.005 0.012 0.033 Ca. dL 0.008 0.004 0.054 0.021 0.003 3 0.019 0 0. dL.016 0.014 0.081 0.032 0.01 Ca.029 Ca.029 0.065 0 0.027 0.065 0.055 0.036 0. 0. COEFFICIENTS FOR DEAD .009 0. 1 M=La/Lb Ca.086 0 0.027 0.005 0.048 0.031 0 0.078 0. 0. Cb.025 0.014 0. Cb.072 0.035 0.027 0.01 0.076 0.085 0.093 0 0.016 0. Ca.012 0.032 0.006 0 0.022 0.015 0.022 0.01 0. 1 M=La/Lb Ca.003 0.70 Case # Ratio: Coef.038 0.089 0.027 0.035 0.7 0.036 0. dL.032 7 0. dL 0.033 0.014 0.094 0. dL.017 0. 0.035 0.028 0.034 0.053 0.056 0.007 0.019 0.058 0.027 .02 0.081 0.003 7 0.006 0.007 0.Dl. neg.01 0.036 0. dL.066 0.LOAD POSITIVE MOMENTS IN SLABS Ma.021 0.077 0. neg.025 0.031 0.024 0.022 0.002 0.069 0.008 0.015 0.046 0.031 0.029 0.029 0.02 0. dL.048 0.095 0 0.004 0.03 9 0.028 Table.003 0.05 0 0.03 0.013 0.027 0.031 0. 0.083 0 0.061 0.031 0. dL 0.04 0. neg.056 0 0.038 0. 0. dL 0.014 0. LL WLa² Mb.074 0.036 Ca.058 0.04 0.004 0. dL.7 Cb.019 0.55 0.089 0.036 0.06 0.08 0.018 0. 0.025 0.037 0. dL 0.85 0. neg.006 0.036 0.65 Cb.082 0 0.028 0.045 0.038 0 0.003 6 0.95 Cb. dL.049 0. Cb. pos. LL = Ca.007 0. neg.011 0.083 0.029 0. pos.059 0.007 8 0.065 0. dL WLa² Mb.013 0.9 Cb.034 0.061 0.018 0.035 8 0.013 0.009 0. = Cb.5 Ca. Ca.036 Where: W = Total uniform Liveload 4 2 0.028 0. 0.042 0. neg.036 0.LL.02 0.089 0 0.009 0.05 0.009 0. Ca.023 0.023 0.03 0.022 0.034 0.068 0.024 0.018 0. Cb.037 0.028 0.081 0.061 0.091 0 0. dL 0. Cb. Cb. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.LOAD POSITIVE MOMENTS IN SLABS Ma. neg.037 0.023 0.001 Table.005 0.011 0.017 0.5 Cb.075 0.024 0.75 Cb.85 Cb.087 0 0.027 3 0.018 0.015 0.LLWLb² M= 0. 0. dL 0.023 Ca.018 0.012 0.029 0. 3.013 Ca.024 0.6 Cb. Cb. Ca.056 0.75 0.024 0.011 0.044 0 0.007 Case # 4 5 0. 2.044 0.071 0.056 0.032 Case # 4 5 0. neg. Ca. dL.015 0.074 0. COEFFICIENTS FOR LIVE . dL 0.005 0.014 0.097 0 0 0.039 0. = Cb. 0.051 0.033 0.004 0.05 0.025 0.068 0.036 1 Cb.032 0.013 0.04 0. 0. Ca.089 0. dL.8 Cb.035 0 0.073 0.55 Cb.056 0.011 0.068 0.

65 0.009 0.05 0.03 0.044 0.023 0.041 0.02 0.004 8 0.022 0.004 0.57 0. dL.91 0.036 0.057 0.081 0.005 0.5 0. Cb.49 0.024 0.83 0.012 0.064 0. Cb.017 0.033 0.067 0.7 0.14 0.66 0.008 0.024 0.055 0.022 0.38 0.825.38 0.064 0.043 0.45 0.67 0.031 0.04 0.65 0.008 0.065 0.045 0.6 0.33 0.14 0.005 0.032 0.037 0.71 0.037 0.059 0.034 0.05 0.057 0.43 0.81 0.013 0.61 0.025 0.063 0.01 0.0.17 0.011 0.009 0.019 0.75 0.89 0. dL Ca.068 0.095 0.007 0.04 0.25 0.026 0.66 0.034 0.29 0.45 0.96 N/mm² Kpa Kpa Kpa Kpa Case # 5 0.5 0.006 0.97 0.9 0.049 0.08 0.036 0.21 0.068 0.71 0.44 0.95 0.029 0.96 0.016 0.24 Solution: Slab Weight: Deadload: Liveload Wu = 1.11 0.86 0.016 0.75 0.70 Coef.86 0.67 0.053 0.05 0. Wu = 2.85 0.025 0.4 0.8 0.08 0.77 0.6 0.02 0.89 0.92 0.96 0.2 0.29 0. Cb.019 0.55 0.19 0.46 0.12 0.026 0.62 0.92 0. dL.25 0.00 16.04 0.05 0.026 0.2 0.041 0.062 0.85 0.8 0.15 0.052 0.024 0.08 0.19 0. dL.02 0.044 0.004 0.94 0.056 0.074 0.076 0. Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Wa Wb Case # 4 1 2 0. dL.013 0.045 0. dL Ca.15 0.021 0.68 0.71 0. dL.019 0.078 0.6 0.17 0.29 0.005 0.051 0. dL 0. RATIO OF LOAD w in La and Lb DIRECTIONS FOR SHEAR IN SLAB AND LOAD IN SUPPORTS M= Ratio: M=La/Lb 1 0. dL Ca.017 0.85 0.32 0.97 0.94 0.03 0.059 0.24 0.007 0.035 0. Cb.046 0.009 0.17 0.39 0.14 .006 0.06 0. Cb.013 0.4 0.067 0.073 0.035 0.33 0.34 0.33 0.38 0.07 0. Cb.19 0.39 0.07 0.11 9 0.86 0.23 0. dL Ca.058 0.94 0.016 0.4Wd + 1.57 0.04 0.011 0.013 0. dL Ca.45 0. Cb.97 0.005 0.056 0.019 0.5 Ca.34 0.76 0.045 0.83 0.79 0.025 0.92 0.07 0.34 0.071 0.15 0.47 0.14 0.06 0.014 0.007 0.09 0.89 0.75 0.011 0.94 0.055 0. Cb.5 0.049 0. dL.085 0.55 0.51 0.5 0.21 0.08 0.76 0.051 0.43 0.33 0.007 0.79 0.054 0.03 Table. dL Ca.71 0.85 0.6 0.89 0.15 0.81 0.016 0.83 6.08 0.007 0.039 0.023 0.76 0.62 0.26 0.6 0.76 0.7WL Total Load.5 0.019 0.45 0.99 0.032 0.016 0.016 0.83 0.95 0.017 0.53 0.088 0.051 0.8 0.28 2.014 0.019 0.31 0.24 0. 4.29 0.01 0.06 6 0.04 0.55 0.006 0.06 4 0.56 0.059 0.009 0.009 0.06 3 0.03 7 0.12 0. dL Ca.024 0.007 0.69 0.81 0.006 0.022 0. dL Ca.98 0.85 0.11 0.014 0.022 0.5 0.72 0.054 0.86 0.063 0.014 0.61 0. dL Ca.45 0.15 0.009 0.74 0.072 0.067 0.83 4.94 0.045 0.4 0. Cb.088 0.76 0.29 0.048 0.077 0.49 0.02 0.011 0.29 0.51 0.9 0.67 0.066 0.01 0. dL.95 0.62 0. dL. dL.88 0.047 0.5 0.92 0.66 0.08 0.027 0.92 0.24 0.71 0.85 0.1 0.11 0.062 0.69 0.039 0.898 0.092 0.67 0.55 0.39 0.042 0.029 0.8 0.19 0.55 0.029 0.038 0.95 0. dL.051 0. Cb.014 0.11 0.031 0.28 0.83 0.007 0.011 0.077 0.93 0.029 0.029 0.55 0.88 0.06 0.9 0.035 0.55 0.31 0.04 0.17 0.7 0.81 0.85 0.61 0.027 0.022 0.011 0.01 0.036 0.042 0.061 0.24 0.71 0.75 0.

45 108.0051 0.11 Actual h = 120 120 120 120 120 120 Effective d = h . Edge MidspanDiscont.44 32.544 2.0278 0.11 151.(dL+LL) 47. dL = CbWLb² 5.(bar dia. Edge MidspanDiscont.081 Ma.01 0.01 0. pos.45 68.11 161.83 135.0051 0.46 83.0278 0.4/fy 0. h = d+1/2bar dia.0051 0.Edge Cont. h = 2(L+S)*1000/180 161. d = sqrt(Mn/bRn).544 2.11 Not OK OK OK OK Max.01 0.90 25.55 Req.019 Mb.4/fy ρmax = .Edge ρmin. Ultimate Moment.544 2.96 118.67 17.0278 0. + 1/2 bar dia) 146. Ca 0.(dL+LL) 32.70 16. 0. = Ma. Cb 0.28 42.544 2. = 1. dL = CaWLa² 11.057 Ma.544 0.69 11. Cb 0. pos.94 35. 0.0051 0.0051 ρmax = .Edge 49.44 32. pos.+bar dia.0051 0. moment) Top Bars Ma.11 151.69 11. LL = CbWLb² 42.39 100.544 2.12 10.11 161.12 10. neg.686 15.01 m = fy/.0278 0.057 Ma.0051 0. LL = CaWLa² 20.06 Min.90 Rn = Mn/bd² ρmin.83 175. neg.67 17.11 161.94 35.pos(dL+LL)/3 10.0278 0.pos(dL+LL)/3 15.544 2.0051 0.71 Kn-m AT LONG DIRECTION: Negative Moment at Continues Edges (Top Bars) Cb.544 2.11 161.11 161. = Ma. pos.0051 0. = Cb.75(β)²(fc'/fy)(600/(600+fy)) 0. neg WLa² 49.9 54.46 123. Mu = Mn = Mu/.0051 0. Ultimate Moment Mu = 49.0278 0.01 0.37 Kn-m Liveload.0278 0.0278 0. Ca 0.686 15.011 Ma.0051 0.75(β)²(fc'/fy)(600/(600+fy)) SHORT SPAN LONG SPAN Top Bar Bottom BarBottom Bar Top Bar Bottom BarBottom Bar Cont. neg.686 15.0278 0.M = La/Lb Considering 1 meter strip: 0.44 Kn-m Positive Moment at Midspan (Bottom Bars) Deadload.79 54.544 Max.86 46.96 Kn/m AT SHORT DIRECTION: Negative Moment at Continues Edges (Top Bars) Ca. Edge MidspanDiscont.0278 .Edge Cont.39 140.544 2.01 0. = 1.71 23. moment) Top Bars Ma.0278 ρ (Selected) 0.686 Rn = ρfy(1-ρm/2) 2.544 2.71 23.686 15.01 Kn-m Ma.686 15.01 15.0051 0. Edge MidspanDiscont.01 15.28 42.0278 0.55 2. pos. neg. pos.+cover 186.90 25.046 Ma.11 146.28 Kn-m Positive Moment at Midspan (Bottom Bars) Deadload. neg. neg WLb² 23.93 Kn-m Ma.79 Kn-m SHORT SPAN LONG SPAN Cont. mm 146.19 Kn-m Liveload.544 2.79 Mn = Mu/.86 46.06 Req.85fc' 15.96 158. neg.37 Kn-m Negative Moment at Discontinues Edge (1/3 pos. = Ca.12 Kn-m Negative Moment at Discontinues Edge (1/3 pos.

35 5.00 0.19 164.98 526.35 Kn 0. mm Reinf.486 10 10 53.864 10 114.01 1469. Ws/2S ØVc = .44 66.85(.06 Kn Short Direction: Wa = Shear ratio on slab Ws = Wa*wu Load per meter on short beam.17)(√fc')(Eff. cm.618 10 57.00 7.43 Kn 58. Bar Spacing.17)(√fc')(Eff.66 Kn 96. Wb/2L ØVc = .01 830.ρ = 1/m(1 .00 0.347 10 77.00 . d) SAFE!!!!! Long Direction: Wb = Shear ratio on slab WL = Wb*wu Load per meter on short beam.30 Kn 9.17 9.31 560.37 Kn 99.0100 1354.81 700.72 Kn 0. 3h Final Bar Spacing.01 683.85(.00 0.85 325.630 1184. 0. Bar diameter.50 8.56 369.01 1008.39 6. Spacing.sqrt(1-2mRn/fy) As = ρbd Reinf.89 475.16 11.00 Check for Shear: Load on Supporting Beams: W = wuLS 864. d) SAFE!!!!! 0.566 10 94.89 422.01 0. mm Min.

////////////// ////////////// 2. .5 3 1. . oc . ///// ///// . .Transverse L.Bar 10 mm.125 m. . . Bot. . . ////////////// ////////////// . . . . ////////////// ////////////// . . . .5 . . . . . . S Left . . @ 7. . . . . @ 6. oc 10 mm. . . oc cm. . . . . oc 10 mm. oc L Top . L Bottom .00 cm. . . . .Longitudina Top Bar Bottom Bar Continues Edge Transverse Bars 10 mm. . . .Bar 10 mm. @ 11. 9. '///// '///// '///// S Right . . @ 8.25 m. . . .125 m. . . .oc 10 mm. ////////////// . ///// ///// . .00 cm. Case # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 . ////////////// . All Four Edges discontinues All Four Edges continues Two long edges discontinues One long one short discontinues Two short edges discontinues Two short one long edge discontinues Two long one short edges discontinues One long edge discontinues One short edge discontinues . @ cm. oc Top Bar Bot. ////////////// ////////////// 2.00 cm. '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// '///// . ////////////// ////////////// . . . oc . . . . . ////////////// ////////////// . ////////////// .B.B. . . . . . . . . @ cm. .00 cm.T. ////////////// 4. 1. . . .00 cm. '///// '///// '///// . .

///////// ..Transverse Bar .Longitudinal Bar om Bar inues Edge m. m. m.