Body Language

Body Language
It is a broad term for forms of communication using body movements or gestures instead of, or in addition to, sounds, verbal language, or other forms of communication. This includes the most subtle of movements that many people are not aware of, including winking and slight movement of the eyebrows.

It is important in one-on-one communications. More important in group communications. In group situations, often only one person at a time is speaking, while non-verbal communication is coming from each individual in the group. The larger the group, the more impact body language may have. The face & eyes are by far the most important features in Body Language.

Classification
Kinesics  Proxemics  Paralanguage

Kinesics
It is the interpretation of body language such as facial expressions and gestures.

Proxemics
It is to describe the measurable distances between people as they interact.Also called Personal Space.

Paralanguage
The non-verbal elements of communication used to modify meaning and convey emotion. Expressed consciously or unconsciously, and it includes pitch, volume and intonation of speech. It is the closest to communication, with word symbols

Common Observations
NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR Brisk, erect walk Standing with hands on hips Sitting with legs crossed, foot kicking slightly Sitting, legs apart Arms crossed on chest Walking with hands in pockets, shoulders hunched Hand to cheek Open palm INTERPRETATION Confidence Readiness, aggression Boredom Open, relaxed Defensiveness Dejection Evaluation, thinking Sincerity, openness, innocence

Common Observations
NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR Touching, slightly rubbing nose Rubbing the eye Hands clasped behind back Locked ankles Head resting in hand, eyes downcast Rubbing hands Sitting with hands clasped behind head, legs crossed Pinching bridge of nose, eyes closed INTERPRETATION Rejection, doubt, lying Doubt, disbelief Anger, frustration, apprehension Apprehension Boredom Anticipation Confidence, superiority Negative evaluation

Common Observations
NONVERBAL BEHAVIOR Tapping or drumming fingers Steepling fingers Patting/fondling hair Tilted head Stroking chin Looking down, face turned away Biting nails Pulling or tugging at ear INTERPRETATION Impatience Authoritative Lack of self-confidence; insecurity Interest Trying to make a decision Disbelief Insecurity, nervousness Indecision