Kingdom: Bacteria Phylum: Proteobacteria Class: Gammaproteobacteria Order: Pseudomonadales Family: Moraxellaceae Genus: Moraxella Species: M.


Moraxella catarrhalis

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• Gram Negative Diplococcus Or In Chains • Previously Called Neisseria Catarrhalis, Branhamella And Now “Moraxella” • Oxidase Positive • Catalase Positive • DNAse-positive + • They Can’t Ferment Glucose • Aerobic And Facultative Anaerobe ,Non Motile • Colistin Sensitive • Growth At 280c, in blood and chocolate agar • LPS

• Normal Flora Of URT • Transmits By Respiratory Route

Clinical Features
• In children and elderly pts (COPD)
• Bronchitis • Bronchopneumonia

• In healthy pts
• otitis media, bronchitis, sinusitis, and laryngitis

• Gram Negative diplococcus

• Oxidase positive
• Growth in Chocolate agar (resistant to temp changes)

• No fermentation
• Tributyrin hydrolysis: + • Acid from glucose: -

• Colistin sensitive
• Catalase positive

Amoxicillin + Clavuanate Or Cephalosporins

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